Catalogue of the exhibit of economic entomology at the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, Portland, Oregon, 1905

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Material Information

Title:
Catalogue of the exhibit of economic entomology at the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, Portland, Oregon, 1905
Series Title:
Bulletin / U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology ;
Physical Description:
127 p. : ; 23 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Currie, Rolla Patterson, 1875-
Conference:
Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, (1905
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Entomology -- Exhibitions   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Catalogs   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
catalog   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Statement of Responsibility:
compiled under the direction of the entomologist by Rolla P. Currie.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 029641371
oclc - 22610867
Classification:
lcc - SB818 .B85 no.53, 1905
ddc - 595.7
bcl - 48.63
System ID:
AA00018942:00001

Full Text
















-In



































of the exhibit of economic entomology made by the BUaeau o.
mology at the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition heldat Pi.I
Oreg., during the present year. It has been compiled, w.:
direction, by Mr. Rolla P. Currie, assistant in the Bureau :.
mology, and I recommend its publication as Bulletin No. 584
Bureau. '


Respectfully,


L 0..Hone..,


Hon. JA MES WInoN,
Secretary of Agriculture.


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CONTENTS.



O"M -OF CASM IN EXHIBIT.-

o onvW bnd lemon (41 casm) ------------ 7
---------- --------- -------- r -------------------- ------- 112
to apple (6 CMM) ------------------------------------------ 12
to peach ----------------------------------------- ---------- 19
to pear and ylum ----------------------------------------- 20,21
'to gr% .21
---------- ---------------- ----------
to strawberry ------------------------------------- 4 ----- 24
to blackberry and raspberry ------------------------------- 26
to 'I(!jj]jjtwj=t 28
---------------------------
tograssejandsHal -------------- 29731
to dovw (4 eww) ---------------------------------------- 32
to onat graing (wheat, oats, rye, barley, etc.) (3 casm). 38
to hop -------_--------------------- --------- ----------- 41
--------------------------- ------------- 42
MI Mr Worm---------------- : --------------------- 42
44 sago'beet t4 emes) -------------------------------------- 43
too beaXW and pem (2 ca") ------------------------------ 47
to crcffa* (cabfxW, muliflower, mvw, mustard; etc.) (2 casm) 50
to volt"o- -------------- : -------------------------- 54
10 aw"t-potato anct tonwto -------------------------- 56757
--------------------------------------- 57
(Wi0n;' encumber, Numh, pumpkin, etc.) ----- 59
0WI*d pmdueb (2 cases) ------------------------------- 60
-------- 64
----------- ----------------------------- 65
----------------------- 66
% ----------- ---------- ----------- 68
northwoOrn, northmAern -United States
------------------- 70
j60-'erA 'we). ------- ------------------- 83

PORCIA rOVM

103
0 Y'M M ie0dvd-AU*Maaj lover) 10(;
--------------- ------ 166
107


169


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Al CINOMLKYATTHLEI
Vri
MWITIO|
INJUIOU TOORANE AD o i/
t nocsafetn teefiisowHbar,185 n
Al eL gi.;Mdatr tl lmtead Migo

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AN ?T4TW'j3
elm
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Larve ieea upon ucnenia on tree .runK, occasionally gnawing nunm; .c
Payche.)
EXHIBIT: Cases on twig.
THE TWO-SPOTTED ED SPIDER.
Teranychua mytilasidis Riley.
For description and distribution ee Banks, Tech. series 8, Div. Ent, U. S.
Agric., pp. 71-72, 1900.
For general account of T. bimaculaue Bnks. see Chittenden, Bal. 27, n. ., Div.
U. S. Dept. Aric.. pp. 35-42, 1901.
EXHIBrm : Figure.





TAM|ie ca"%m]Bs
-~ A Jom 4Y|n ot6.XIp 4 l ~ i.1 94
trm
aniinM
i[]G %UL
ifmtw qoc Ek



1 1DSRIFDWTrM4C-
Aniorh burgie tE
and d]
|wrofmnriav um
ap ad4 n
GryWp boa u .
-j_; AlirAMaPR
-]4w ddawTub
*aaeeXra*W 0 .aDv Et LS etArcp.2-14

W-oPrw 'I .47U S et gi- p -1
ALA! Fab
1%PAWBG
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Pseudococcue longispinus Targ.
(Formerly Dacdlopius spp.) *',
For bibliography and food plants see Femrnald, Cat. Coccidms of World, Bil.l
Mass. Agr. Coll., pp. 104-105, 1903. :.:
EXHIBIT: Infested leaves.
THE FLORIDA WAX-SCALE. :
Ceroplastesfloridensis Comst.
(Food plants: Citrus, fig, myrtle, oleander.)
or bibliraphy and food plants see Fernald, Cat. Coccide of World, Bul. ...I.
Mass. Agr. coll., p. 157, 1903..
EXHIBIT: Infested leaves..
THE BARNACLE SCALE. N" |
Ceroplastes cirripediformis Comst.
(Food plants: Myrtle, orange, persimmon, quince.) :.!
For bibliography and food plants see Fernald, Cat. Coccidse of World, Ba:u..4
Mass. Agr. Coll., p. 150, 1903. i
Examrr: Infested leaves.
THE SOFT SCALE. -
Coccus hesperidum Linn.
(Food plants: Laurel, lemon, myrtle, oleander, orange, etc.; formerly L.e.wd1
For bibliography and food plants see Femrnald, Cat. Coccidw of World, BUitA
Mass. Agr. Coll., pp. 168-170, 1903. ;i
EXHIBIT: Infested twig,
THE HEXISPNX E ,ICAL SCALE.
Saissetia hemiphmerica Targ.
(Food plants: Oleander orange, peach, etc.; formerly Lemiuta.)
or bibliography and food plants see Fernald, Cat. Coccidse of World Buat. I
Mass. Ar. Coll., pp. 202-203, 1908.
EXHIBIT: Infested twig..
1 ..7.





17.



Lomdam)
g6towat raw
060*bc of WaiK BUL 88,


QMXA 9WAL11-


00"4- tots ofive, oksadkwl, maft-r, eb--; fiw y A. naii
WOW 0& 00 of Wedd, %L f8v






Zd oee Fcnmkld O&L ODmi&e of WorW, BwdL 8p
190; AWsU Ydwbooko 17- EL Dr-pL Agrw-, 1900,




awURAW Kok
$%)e lgmtp% amw% pew, phmi, quiuce wiUow,

VIROU X* IVMUdfl Offit. CAMNi" of WoM. lk& 88,
"W; lftrUv Yev%)ok U 8- DepL Agrie, 1900,


te A," OCAXJL
*#
Ir AWWm
Oev v WN xaoe etc, torm
abaft K 'AL
mphaw am"Wiv Famddt CaL Cocci-
-mj ms; M"kv-t -yawbook U.



# Ow lwewm

LW4 Oat ooicdlds- Of Wodd, Bull- A%
4 k IIJ. EL ]DepL Agrie, L90%

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ana many oLner pianra. :::i
For bibliography and food plants see Fernald, Cat. Coccidme of World, BuL 8..
Maos. Agr. CoIL., pp. 271-275, 1903; Howard and Marlatt, Bul. 3, n. s., Div. E. t
U. S. Dept. Agric., 1896, 80 pp.-
EXHIBIT: Infested twig, fruit, figures, and enemies: Pentilia misella Lee., adulteaid
figure; Chilocorus similis Rossi, larva, pupa, adult, and figure; parasite, Aphal4i
diaspidis How., adult and figure.


INSECTS INJURIOUS TO APPLE.

For special treatises on apple insects see Bruner, Trans. Nebr. St. Hort Soe..t
1894, pp. 155-223, 1895; Harvey and Munson, Bul. 56, Maine Agr. Expt. Sta., 18S
Saunders, Insects Injurious to Fruits, 2d ed., pp. 13-139, 1900. :..

INJURING THE ROOTS. .
i .. ii.,!
THE WOOLLY APPLE APHIS.
Schizoneura lanigera Hausm. :.
..., .s[[
For general account see Marlatt, Cir. 20, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., 1897.
EXHIBIT: Work, figure, parasite, Aphelinus mali Hal., and enemy, Scymm nustr
ca/is Muls. |
INJURING THE TRUNK. A!
OW:.....::EiE
FLAT-HEADED APPLE-TREE BORER. i
::.:i
Chrysobothrisfemorata Fab. ;
For general account see Chittenden, Cir. 32, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., Mi
9-12, 1898. :;;;
EXHIBIT: Adult, work, and figure. "I
ROUND-HEADED APPLE-TREE BORER. *'
Saperda candida Fab. :
For general account see Chittenden, Cir. 32, Div. Ent., U. S Dept. Agric., pp. 14
1898. /:1
EXHIBIT: Adult, work, and figure. K
APPLE-WOOD STAINfB ; Pf-BORER.
Pterocyclon mali Fiteh.i -
(Formerly Monarthrum.) i
For general account of this and an allied species, M. fasciatum Say, see Hubar
Bul. 7, n. s., D)iv. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., pp. 26-28, 1897. i
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. .




VI
q1
//VN[TE RNHS
AP/-TB/PUR
Alpii vmmFb
//n n odpat e btedeBl 8 .i. i.ElU
p 540 88
Adlwr,/n iue

NE OR ERIL
IheanwoaeisFA
'94rlacutseI w,5hRt t n inp,1719 89
Adult nok
T!L FI WMBAI
Amhim biadt a-
WCCtw altFres u.7,U .Dp.Arcp.1-3
Adl %k.'udiu
APL TwGIEITE.


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For bibliography and food plants see Fernald, Cat Coccidie of World, B i
Mass. Agr. Coll., pp. 276-278, 1903. ."
EXHIBIT: Infested twig. :ll
THE EUROPEAN FRUIT-SCALE.
Aspidotus ostreformis Curt.
(Food plants: Apple, cherry, maple, oak, peach, pear, etc.)i
For bibliography and food plants see Femald, Cat Coccise of World, BuL. 8
Mass. Agr. Coll., pp. 268-270, 1903. 1
EXHIBIT: Infested twig. ."*
THE SCURVY SCALE.
Chionarpisfurfura Fitch.
(Food plants: Apple, cherry, currant, elm, pear, etc.)
For bibliography and food plants see Fernald, Cat. Coccidae of World, Bt L1
Mass. Agr. Coll., pp. 217-219, 1903; Howard, Yearbook, U. S. Dept. Agrie.,
pp. 259-261, figs.; Banks, Bul. 34, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., p. 14, 1902.
EXHIBIT: Infested twig.
OYSTER-SHELL SCALE. T..
Lepidosaphes ulmi Linn. :
(Attacks principally apple, currant, Cornus, cottonwood, lilac, pear, sasuga*h.n4
Formerly Nyatpi pomorum Bouch..) 'Si
For bibliography and food plants see Fernald, Cat Coccide of World, t *4
Mass. Agr. Coll., pp. 314-317, 1903.
EXHIBIT: Infested twig.
THE BLACK BOSCALE. .:
Saiueetia oka Bern.
:'. ..: ;'.,j
( Food plants: Apple, apricot, olive, orange, pear, p lm roae formerly L.wmig.
For bibliography and food plants see Fernald, (t oockise of World, BuL.
Mas. Agr. Cll., App. 205-206,1903. "
EXHIBIT: Infested twig. -j *,J





DO- G I
(UpoamsraRly
on lae adN

u oon eSiielnd u.MCrelUi. g xi t. 87
Coon dlw/,'~,fg*
I 4ON U3XTE
/vuw cif



mumkmI poioa lm

UNM AE
(bp~a V"nifre~aCle
a swm mLls4hRLf 1n inp, M 89
Cqo4sat wt n iue
8 A IC-L" SE
Amy numln k
~gl t'p t n in, 3-4 89
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THE LTVM-TJ= WIM -Jtom
BMm&U fWaria Elarr.
fformerly Ribemia.)
For geneml account am Luawr, 4th Rpt. St. Ent, Minn., pp.
ExH=: Pupa, adult, and-76re.
THE ELK SPANWORM
Emumm mb9parim Ubn.
Forgeneral account see Packard, 5th Rpt. U. S. Ent. Comm.,
'qm Iwo.
EXHIBIT: F4W, larva, pupa, and work.
APPLE LZAP-
7Ucheria malifoUeUd Clem.
For life history and bibliography see Lintner, 11th Rpt. N. Y. SL 1080L
16211896.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
SPRING CANX331,-W01M.
Palmcrita.vemata Peck.
V...
For geneml account see Coquillett, Cir. 9, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept, Agrjr-.,RIK
1895.
Exnmrr: Larva, adult, and figure. V"

THE FALL WOBJL- #
Algaphila pometaria Harr.
(Formerly Anisopteryx.)
For general account we Coquillett, Cir. 9, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept Agdc,,

ExEIIBIT: Eggs, larva, cocoon, adult, and figure.
1W3=-MEA3U=
Hmmoampa kuwWgma S. & A.
(Larvoe feed extensively upon fruit and sbade trees and often danuage
vines; formerly Orgyia.)
For general account of this insect and its parasites see Howard, Tech.
Ent., T-T. S. Dept. Agrie., 1897; for life history, etc., Howard, FarmeW
12-20,1899.
ExHiBrr: Egg-masses, larva, and adult.
THE FALL WEBWORM.
Hyphantriaeunea Dru.
For general account see Howard, Farmers' Bul. 99, U. S. Dept, Agrie.,
1899.
EXHIBIT: Larva, pupa, adult, and work. # #
THE COMMON BAGWOUX.
ThyridopkrW ephemer&formi8 Steph. # -
For general account see Packard, 5th Rpt. U. S. Ent. Comm., pp.
ExHiBiT: Cocoons and figure.
10 MKOTEL
Automria io Fab.
For general account we Lugger, Ath Rpt. State Ent. Minn pp; I
and pl. 16t fi M, 1899.
Exitorr: Lult. A


4





XOTH
ITV
Ji~c&cosme in
Ym
st- dgna rd mFrad n ikad p u.Hth
b W 1fg,3p& M ;uxtt i 8 u.E t .S
sdJ adfiue
SYO OI
41 Ih vad ~ i n
habi an eea an eFruhadFrad h
pp -,19;HwrBl 1,n i.Et .S ip



Adl
&Md-wrpi Lm
Acon mWj,4hRtI&-U- p.13-11,,82




railmiin
amota pi il mSih uL13 .1 g.Ep ~s 90
wfceU fn fsvxaseisocurn napesePradBl
U. ELP gi-.p.5-s mcp n



Wo n n h ooin nme:Adlab



































THE GREEN flUl-WORXMS. .
The following three species of Xylina are commonly knownas grben frui, ...
For general account see Slingerland, Bul. 123, Cornell Univ. Agr. Expt St :
Xylina antennata Walk. .
.....*:::" :EE!::E:!B
EXHIBrIT: Adult and figure. ;
Xylina grotei Riley. ..
EXHIBITrr: Adult and figure. ......
Xylina laticinerea Grote. :..'
.. .. ::::.. :..
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. ;....*13
ILLUSTRATION SHOWING WORK OF A TORTICTID ON A. 'N.,
(The larva mines in, and feeds beneath, the skin of the fruit) ,
THS PLUM (JURcULIO. t
Cbnotrachelus nenupharl Hbst.
For general account and bibliograph- see Lintner. 7th Rpt. N. Y. St. Ent .4Ni
288-296, 1891.
ExHIBIT: Adult and figure. iil
THE APPLE CURJCULIO. :
Anthonomw quadrigibb.. Say.
For general account see Gillette, Bul. 11, Iowa Agric. Expt Sta., pp. 492-494,1P af
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. i
THE APPL-f T MAOOT. :
Rhagoletis pomonefa Walsh.
(Formerly TNjpeta.) : ::
For life history see Harvey, Rpt. Maine Agr. Expt Sta., p. 190,1889; Bank,
34, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric. p 45,1902. ..
EXHIBIT: Puparium, adult, and figure. .
:. .: .... . ... "ii
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owOIot i.2.Dv.EL -KDp.19
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Tfl SAx J E o SoAE.* j
Aspidiowu pericioeu Comast. i
Food plants: Almond, apple, apricot, birch, black walnut, black currant, std7
chestnut, crab-apple, crab-grass, cherry, grap, hickory, oak, peach, pear,pRa
mon, plum, poplar, prune, Rocky Mountain cherry, rose, silver maple, wilow,K:V
many other plants.)
For bibliography and food plants see Fernald, Cat. Coccida of World B*i
Mass. Agr. Coll., pp. 271-275,1903; Howard and Mtrlatt, Bul. 3, n a., Div.
U. S. Dept Agric., 1896, 80 pp.
ExHmrr: infested twig.
THE CHERRY LEA -BEETLE. "II
Gale nceUa eawiwlis Leo.
For general article and distribution see Chittenden, Bul. 19, n. s.', Div. Ent., UiS*
Dept Agric. pp. 90-93, 1899.
EXHIBIT: Adult.,[
:.." ::. E:
THE CHEBRIY-FRUIT MAGGOT.
Rhagoletis dcingulata Loew. i
For detailed account see Slingerland, Bul. 172, Cornell Univ. Agr. Exp. Sta., 4J
pp.,6 figs., 1899; Chittenden, Bul. 44, Div. Eat., U. S. Dept Agric., pp. 70-75, 4 9
ExHxBrr: Adult.


INSECTS INJURIOUS TO PEAR. i:
(Many of the insects injuring the apple will be found attacking the pear.) i:
8co~u Ratz..........
THE FlUIT-TBJEM BARK-HEETLE.
&olytwu rugulosue Ratz.
.~ : :$'.i
For general account see Chittenden, Cir. 29, Div. Ent, U. S. Dept. Agric., 1898,
EXHIBIT: Adult, work, and figure.
PEAR-BLIGHT BEETLE; SHOT-BOXER..i
Xyleborus pyri Peck. .::,
(Formerly X. dispar.) II
For general account see Hubbard, Bul. 7, n. s., Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. -gnc., B
22-23, 1897.. '
EXHIBIT: Adult, work, and figure.
A.~~~~~~~~ IlaJ-iA- S:JaJljc I.JJ *:,iiil
THE PE3A BLISTER XITE. .
Eriophyet pyri Pagenst. "
For detailed account see Slingerland, Bul. 61, Cornell Univ. Agr. Exp. Stai.,
317-328, figs., 1893. 1
EXHIBIT: Work and figure.
THE PEAR PSYLLA.
PsyUa pyri Linn. ,:;
(Formerly P. pyricola.) .4
For general accounts see Slingerland, Bul. 44, Cornell Univ. Agr. Sta., 1892; m
latt, Cir. 7, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., 1895. ..i
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. !
THB PEAR SLUG. .'
ii~ii
iriooampoidesUmao ina .etz.
SFormer.y Ernocampa cerasi.) ;:
or general account see Marlatt, Cir. 28, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. AMgric., 1887. i
ExaBrr: Adult, work, and figure.





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bilorpyadfodpat eFrnlCt ocde fWrdBt 8
. mf~ p 1-11 93 oadY boU .DP gi- 84
17Ig;BniiBl 4 i.Rt~ .8 et gep 4 92
mR eddtwg
MNUT !AJ-3BI
1r-u iO
]Iilwgnrlacut eSih pL no.N .Ar x.Se 84 p
IM!akFcl 4 i.Bt, .Dp.Arcp.4-i 92
-wr dl n iue
muff r-IIGST P4x
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A 9 D

INJURING LEAV490 A" ROOTS.
PILT
YhyUowmw**ix Planch.
For general article ime Ibilatt, Farmers' Bul. .70, U. S.'Dept. Agrir,, pp. 44%
ExumiT: Worst and figure.
INJURING THE SftXg AND BRA.NCHM
COWONY X A SCAIX.
PWvinai4a innummnUis ftthv.
(Foot-plants: Alder, ap]ple, box-elder elm, grape, linden, maples, p ear, willow,
For bibli raphy and food plants se'e Fernald, Cat. Coccidee 61 Woirld,
Mam. Agr. all., pp. 134-135, 1903; Howard, Bul. 22, Div. Ent., U.
Apprie., pp. 8-16, figs. 4,1900.,
ExHijarv Infested twig.
THE GIL"N SCAMR.
A&pidiottu uv&- Comst.
(Food-plants: AmpeloaSIF4 ra e, hickory.)
411:- Wk,"
For bibliography see jv-emELd.,W. Coccid% of World, Bul. 889,
p. 280, 1903.-
ExHIBIT: Infested twig. 41
"PLE TWIG-BOPJM.
Amphicerus bicaudatw Say.
For general account see Marlatt, Farmers' Bul. 70, U. S. Dept Agric., pp. I
figure, 1898.
EX]RIBrr: Adult and figure.
RED-SHOULDEMM TMIG-BOBEIL
Sinoxylon basgare Say.
For general account see Lugger, 5th Rpt. St. Ent. Minn., pp. 70-72, 18N.
ExHiBvr-. Adult and figure.
THE SNOVY B-CRICUM.
(&anthus nimm DeG.
For geneml amount see Lugger, 3d Rpt. St. Ent. Man., pp. 269-271, 189&
Ex 11119IT: Adult and figure.
(ECAIVIrHUS I-A MWNW W"Y.
For brief article see Lugger, 3d Rpt. St. Ent. Minn., p. 273, 1898.
ExHlBrr: Adult.
"_Z-V7NZ IWOT-WO31X.
FVdia tificida Walsh.
For life history and bibliography we Felt Bul. 72, N. Y. St. mnoeamp 190'2 56
with colored plate.
ExHlBrr: Adult and figure.
GX"Z-VUM 7MX&.-
FWia knpipa Mels.
4,
EXHiBtT: Adult.
INJURING THE LEAVES.
ACHRIKON
Pholus arAenm Dm

7 Formerly Philampdus.) _414
or general account we Lugger, 4th Rpt. State EnL Minn. pp. ISO.
ExHIBIT: Larva and adult.





W tli

0'--"kl~jt p. tEL inpp 233 89

4A*',IAUTXU WDN
Rmthoww~ grft. ab.
*Vo~ L~r4t RL t nt Mnn, p.6971 199
WOO INYXP3|

JAAI&.
-t 1 O~icm wr
ft-oLMnn p 7-4,10
l l-,: '
U4 0-U S et gic. p 67

2,122 89 o
*Y p''1-22,87

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13-14, 1903. --II.-.s
EXHIBIT: Adult. i
THE VARIED ANOMALA. -
Anomala variant Burm.
EXHIBIT: Adult.
THE GRAPE-VINE LEAF-HOfl'ER.
Typhlocyba comes Say. i
For general article see Marlatt, Farmers' Bul. 70, U. S. Dept. Agric., pp. 18-%,"'
1898, under Typldocyba vitifex. For full life history and general account see Slingeri
land, Bul. 215, Cornell Univ. Agr. Expt. Sta., 1904.
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. 3
THE WAVED SHARPSHOOTER. I
Oncometopia undata Fab. ": :
(Formerly Proconia.) '
For general article see Lugger, 6th Rpt. St. Ent. Minn., pp. 136-137, 1900. i
EXHIBIT: Adult. i
INJURING THE FRUIT.
THE GRAPE-SEED WORM.
Evoxysoma vitis Saunders.
(Formerly Isosoma.) i
For general account see Saunders, Insects Injurious to Fruits, 2d ed., pp. 296-297, :
1900. .":
EXHIBIT: Adult. :
THE GRAPE FRUIT-MOTH.
Polychrosis botrana Schiff. .........
(Formerly Eudemis.) ,
For general article see Marlatt, Farmers' Bul. 70, U. S. Dept. Agric., pp. 20-22, i
1898.
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
THE GRAPE SEED-WEEVIL.
Craponius iniequalis Say..
For general accounts see Saunders, Insects Injurious to Fruits, 2d ed., pp. 300-301, l
1900; Lintner, 9th Rpt. N. Y. St. Ent., pp. 364-365, 1893. i
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. i

INSECTS INJURIOUS TO STRAWBERRY.
"* "" :,H :
For general articles treating of these insects see Forbes, 13th Rpt. 111. St. Ent., Ppp,:
60-180, 1884; Saunders, Insects Injurious to Fruits, 2d ed., pp. 321-335, 1900. i
INJURING THE ROOTS AND CROWN.
THE STRAWBERRY CROWN-GIRDLER.
Otiorhynchus ovatus Linn. ii
U.,' ;l
For brief bibliography and account see Lintner, 10th Rpt. St. Ent. N. Y., pp. i!
416-419, 1895. .
EXHIBIT: Adult....i
THE STRAWBERRY CROWN-BORER.
TVlodermafragaris Riley. ,,
For detailed accounts see Forbes, 12th Rpt. 111. St. Ent., pp. 64-75, 1883; istih
Rpt., p. 142, 1884. l
ExHIBIT: Adult, work, and figure... a
.I"......i





laWUA /IXOI

-mgvt ruilawHy. gdw
we C ttede, Bul 23 n.&-,Div.Ent, U S. epl Agic-




q| ok






GRB I NB


-A& ItadIuo
OTRWEYILMBIM
lum1 91L33 .Are-E rs .2,1%

IXUIGT EVS












For general account see Smith, Bul. 149, N. J. Agric. Expt. Sta., pp. 3-12,: :1901A
EXHIBIT: Larva, pupa, adult, and figure.
THE SMIEARED DAGGER. .
Apatda oblinita S. & A.
(Formerly Aeronyta.).
or general account see Packard, 5th Rpt. U. S. Ent. Comm., pp. 567-668 .1a.
ExHIBrr: Larva, adult, and figure. .i

INJURING THE BUDS AND STEMS.
THE STRAWBERRY WEEVIL. .::|
Anthonomus signatus Say. ',
(Lays eggs in buds and severs stems.) .I
For general count see Chittenden, Cir. 21, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric;,18Pl
EXHIBIT: Adult, work, figure, and the parasites Calyptus tibiator Or. and O*I..J.
incertus Ashm. "1


INSECTS INJURIOUS TO BLACKBERRY AND RASPIEREY.

For general articles see Webster, Bul. 45, Ohio Agric.,Expt. Sta., pp. 151-217, IS
Saunders, Insects Injurious to Fruits, 2d edit., pp. 303-320, 1900.

INJURING THE BOOTS.
THE RASPBERRY ROOT-BORER.
...: ...: El
Bembecia marginata Harr.
For general account see Smith, Spec. Bul. N, N. J. Agric. Expt. Sta., pp. 04
1891.
EXHIBrr: Larva and adult.:!|

INJURING THE STEMS.
. *.
BLASOBERRY CALL-B A ER. ,H;
Diautrophus turgiduw Bass. j
(Formerly D. nebulomu 0. S.)

EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
REASPBERRBY CANE-BORER .||
Oberea bimaculata 01.
For bibliography and genera a e erl account see Lintner, 5th Rpt. N. Y. St.1-1,
*::;;*..:;:.::!*:*









231-233 1889.......
Erjusnr: Adult and work.H4
THE SNOWY TREE-CRICKET. j
(Eanthus niveua DeG.
For general account see Lugger, 3d Rp. St. Ent. Minn, pp. 269-271, 1896.
EXHIBIT: Adult, work, and figure.
RED-NECKED CANE-BORER.
Agrilue rufcollUa Fab.
For general account see Smith, Spec. Bul. N, N. J. Agric. Expt Sta., pp. 444
....9.. ......











ExIBsrr: Adult, work, and figures .'.'i
: 1 i

B-I






aIwr
r% ars
*mn-m oe u.IN .Arc xt tm

Pmttn f mnaa lm
*OI MePcw t p .S n. oni. p 1-1,80
A4
I'FL WBOX
Ayhni !MDu
Ot owo aiu rc6sr& n ie.
*oum f|wd amrR.9,US pLgcp-2-5
,7.
DAGRL

*M*"m tcft Rt J .Et OM-,p.f-lIO
*-rt d dl.




IlIL

Iva I ieIo ,4,8;p 6,89

0",,4g Fab
St Rt L h. p
'If g l
ad fff

Bp

































-~~~~jr ------ b I .a
EXHIBIT: Adult and work. .'
PUTNAM'S SCALE; CRANBfRY SCALE.
Aspidiotlus ancylus Putn. ..
* .*":"::.:::...: !
(Food plants: Apple, apricot, box-elder, cottonwood, cranberry, elm, hemk'd
maple, oak, peach, pear, plum, etc.)
For bibliography and food plants see Fernald, Cat. Coccidse of World, Bu,
Mass. Agr. Coll., pp. 252-253, 1903.
EXHIBIT: Infested twig.
THE SAN JOSE SCALE.
Aapidiotuu perniciosu Comst.
(Food plants: Almond, apple, apricot, birch, black walnut, black currant, catp
chestnut, crab-apple, crab-grass, cherry, grape, hickory, oak, peach, pear, peW
mon, plum, poplar, prune, Rocky Mountain cherry, rose, silver maple, willow,- u
many other plants.) :::
For bibliography and food plants see Fernald, Cat. Coccidie of World, BuL0
Mass. Agr. Coll., pp. 271-275, 1903; Howard and Marlatt, Bul. 3, n. s., Div. U'
U. S. Dept. Agr., 1896. 80 pp.
EXHIBIT: Infested twig. '
THE BLACK GOOSEBERRY BORE. '
Xylocrius agas.izii Lee. .,
For general accounts see Fletcher, Rpt. of Ent. and Bot. for 1898, canm. ...
Agric., pp. 207-210, 1899; Chittenden, Bul. 23, n. s., div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agd
pp. 90-92, 1900.I
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. i
INJURING THE LEAVES.
GOOSEBERRY SPANWOR ..
Oymatophora ribearia Fitch. ;
(Formerly Euftchia.)
or short account see Lugger, 4th Rpt. Statk Ent. Minn., pp. 184-186, 1899.
EXHIIT: Eggs, larva, pupa, adult, and figure.






29

CU BRANT, WORM.
Pteronus ribesii SCOP.
erly Nematus maricosus.)
tiog raphy and technical descriptionsee Marlatt, Tech. Seies 3, Div. Entom.,
T)epL Agric., pp. 61-63, 1896.
Adult, figure, and an enemy, Podisw plad*dus Uhl.
THE MATIVE'CURRANT WORM
Pristiphora grossularix Walsh.
we, 6ymna'nychus appmdiculd1w Htg.,, Maxlatt, Tech. Series 3,
Dept. Agrib, p' 124,1896.
xAW Adult and figure.
THE CRANBERRY LOOPER.
Xanthoty a Fab.
_pe eromt4ri
tal account see Lugor, 4th. Rpt. State Ent. Minn., pp. 1781-179, 1899.
WItIT: Larva and adult
POLYGONIA PAOGNE Gram.
Pta.)
account see Packard, 5th -Rpt. "U.S. Entoua. Comm. pp. 241, 1890.
IV Larva, chrysalis, and adult.
INURING THE-PRUIT.
GOOSEBERRY FRUIT-WORX.
Xaphodia 0cswdariw Pack.
account we Lugger, 4th Rpt. State Fnt.- Minn., pp. 2i4-216, 1899
;'Pupa and adult.


MSECTS INJURIOUS TO GRASSES.
APANTESIS NAIS I>=,
'm "Cat Lep.N. Y.,"Ann.Acad. Y.,p.206,1890.
POOR h' fillerlt
Ad
GaA-W19 ZID CUTWOF.X.
Feltia annexa Fr.

ap Un R-` t T-T. S. Dept. Agric., 1884, pp. 291-292, 1885.
to t *e Riley, li,
ad *' sft Fron Can. Ent. Vol. XIV, pp. 207-2109 1882.
t, "a g
1-4 V[0X,0PVZUA JKDUSA Dru.
llltm: Ur** -Pupa, and *10W
US GIELASS WORN.
-Dr &eakea Oftm.
wcn0ntw* Sift Vol. V, pp. 874-Sy,1892.
_WrWid, Insect Life,
J-Arvaj, Pupa',, 44ulf.mala
AJMV VOUX,


jug, Unliaor, *12$h Lpt.2 St, Ent. N. Y.2 pp., 190-

POP 4",47a; d




















THE IAB3ELLA TIGER MOTH.
aia isabeda S. & A.


** / I


(Formerly Pyrrharctia.)
For general account see Chittenden, BuL 43, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Apiq.
pp. 44-45, 1903. :i
EXHIBIT: Larva, cocoon, adult, and figure. :.m
THE VAGABOND CRAXBUS. 'U
Orambw vulgivagellu Clem.
: "?Ji
For general accounts see Lintner, 1st Rpt-St. Ent. N. Y., pp. 127-151, 1882; 'W
Bul. 64, Cornell jniv. Agric. Expt. Sta., pp. 69-71, 1894. -
EXHIBIT: Eggs, adult, work, figure, and parasite Lampronotw frigid Cr.
THE SPOTTED CUTWOBM.
Noctua c-nigrum Linn. "I
For general account and life history see Chittenden, Bul. 27, n. s., Div. Ent., T.ii
Dept. Agric., pp. 54-58, 1901.
EXHIBIT: Pupa and adult.
WHITE GRUB; XAY BEETLE.
Lachnotdernafusca Fr6h.
For account of white grubs see Forbes, 18th Rpt. St. Ent III., pp. 109-145, 1894iiil
EXHIBIT: Adult. *"
WHITE GBUB; JUNE BEETLE.
Lachnosterna arcuta Smith.
For general account see Chittenden, Bul. 27, n. a., Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. A ]!dm
pp. 74-76, 1901. *, i
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
THE DISTENDED MAY BEETLE. .
Lachno sternafarcta Le ...::ll
For short notices see Comstock, Rpt. U. S. Dept. Agric. 1879, p]p. 247-24b, 8P9tiL
fig. 5, 1880, and Howard, Bul. 22, n. s., Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agnric., p. 107, 1lti'i
EXHIBIT: Adult. i
THE BLUE-GRASS BfLL-BUG. l
Sphenc4orw panulud Gyll. t
For article see Forbes, 16th Upt. St. Ent Ill., pp. 68, 66, 1894.
EXHIBIT: Adult. :
THE LSSER LOCUST.
Mdanoplus atlanis Riley. ;
For bibliography and general account see Scuddir, Proc. U. S. N. M., Vol. 2XXj
178-183, pl. 12, fig. 7, 1897; Riley, Bul. 25, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agic., pp.
1891. : Adult.
EXuBIT: Adult. :Bil





1- t!'
t t

Dfmtr ioi in
in+
no?'oi ob i fat L69I gc xt t- p 7-8
4t
ioAadd
!l&-BG
Om hdmwFb



_, o n eHmrbe i o ,p-W9182
i-4nM- AGT
4 am ro!,M h
A*WbteA .E )U .DetArmp .4-5,93
!rBl %t
OKT CAO OK

|u imi ow
amlr(6It P S En Lp.7-,-M

=JMS-tAFLA
VAX,&-"CTOX
-4
Jr| e* mso' -lti
y|a i i~yw fifedeBl 9 .sIv a

4V=A13 OM
# -L & A
tt t





tA 1
!m#

-77
*o .-xVLXx F
#
# t
m t
Jt-
a #i#
wnt X ,v xP,
W,1i-U.9 i












EXHIBIT: ACUIlt. :::
THE AXMERICAN LOCUST.
Schistocerca americana Dru.
For life history and general account see Howard, Insect Life, Vol. VII, pp. 220-29
1897; also Morgan, Bul. 30, n. s. Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., p. 27, 1901. :;
EXHIBIT: Adult. *",i
THE CLOVER-SEED OCHALCIS-FLY.
Bruchophagus funebri How.
For general account see Hopkins, Bul. 6, n. s., Div. Ent. U. S. Dept Agric., p. IS
1896, and Biul. 17, n. s., p. 45, 1898; Titus, Bul. 44, pp. 77-80, 1904. .
EXHIBIT: Adult and work. ::


INSECTS INJURIOUS TO CLOVER.
For list of clover insects, and short articles on several important species, see Brs
and Hunter, Rpt. St. Bd. Agr. Nebr., pp. 240-285, 1898. :iii
INJURING THE ROOTS.
THE CLOVER ROOT-BORER.
Hylastinus trifolii Muill. -
(Formerly Hylastes.) :
For general articles see Riley, Rpt. U. S. Dept. Agr., f. 1878, pp. 248-250, 1879, ..
EXHIBIT: Adult, work, figure, and enemy, Telephorus bilineatue Say. 'I
INJURING .THE STEM. .
THE CLOVER STEM-BORER. ,
Languria mozardi Latr.
For general account see Weed, Bul. Ohio Agr. Expt. Sta., 2d series, Vol. III, No. .
p. 235, 1890. ....
EXHIBIT: Adult. ,
INJURING THE LEAVES.
::"* i|.. .
THE CLOVER MITE.
Bryobia pratensis Garm.
:.:. :-..1
For general article see Garman, 14th Rpt. St. Ent. Ill., p. 73, 1885; Bruner,
Nebr. St. Bd. Agric. f. 1898, pp. 280-284, 1899; Marlatt, Cir. 19, Div. Ent., ..t..
Dept. Agric., 1897.
EXHIBIT: Figure. :
CLOVER ALEYRODES. ,1
Aleyrodes sp. '"
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.,ii
THE WHEAT THRIPS.
Thrips tritici Fitch. .,
For citations to literature see Lintner, llth' Rpt. N. Y. St. Ent.. pp. 247-250, 1.:
EXIIBIT: Figure. "
THE CLOVER-LEAF WEEVIL.
Phytonomua punWtatus Fab.,
For general account see Lintner, 1st Rpt. St. Ent. N. Y., pp. 247-256 18188 al8
dermon, Insects injurious to staple crops, pp. 177-179, 1902.
ExHIBmT: Larva, cocoon, adult, work, figure, and enemy, COliW 4-maculatue fb.





Gi~"ZVi COLA/IS.
ioui mnaFb
ar htedn |l 3 i.Et.U -Dp.Arep.1-4
|28WxUUMBRBELC
Dkboiadowmtdf 1

acon!n e eisaoC itneB L4,Dv n ,U U .
12 -3 ;Q ana c, ll 6 .sD v n ,U .D p g i .

900
A-okf!%ao aat(a-i iboi=

1! 0, /I/Ar*OU o-O11
Dkrtz omsy

































THE FALLT ARMY WORM.
Laphygmafrugiperda S. & A.
For full life history and bibliography see Chittenden, Bul. 29, n. s., Div. Eat. U. L
Dept. Agric., pp. 13-45, 1901. '
EXHIBIT: Adult...
ANAPHORLA POPEANELLA Clem. ...
For general account see Riley and Howard, Insect Life, Vol. III, pp. 27-28, IMSt,,t':
EXHIBIT: Adult.
THE OBLIQUE-BANDZD LEAF-ROLLEf. "
(Formerly cia.) Archips rosaceana Harr. ,,
(Formerly Oacccia.) :1|
For general account see Lugger, 4th Rpt. St. Ent. Minn., pp. 22.6-227, 1899. ::
EXHIBIT: Pupa and adult. ii
THE GARDfEN WEBWORM. :
Loxostege similalis Guen. \
A ~ ~:E: ^ ":EEEE:lll
For general account see Chittenden, Bul. 43, Div. Ent., U. S.'Dept. Agrine., i
39-40, 1903. ..'
EXHIBIT: Adult and work. ... .. .
ARISTOTELIA ROSEOSUFFUBELLA Clem.
(Formerly Gelechia.) :'
For brief reference to food plant see Murtfeldt, Bul. 23, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept.:i
"Agric., p. 54, 1891. I
EXHIBIT: Pupa and adult. E
ECTROPIS OREPUSCULAZiA 3D. and B. .|
(has been placed in genera Cymatophora, Cleora, and Boarmia.) l
For brief accounts see Packard, 5th Rpt IT. S. Ent. Comm., p. 371, 1890; Leagr,
4th Rpt. St. Ent. Mlinn., p. 188, 1899.
EXHIBIT: Adult. .:
DRASTBlIA ERZCHETEA Cram.
For general account see Slingerland, Insect Life, Vol. V, pp. 87-88, 182. "
EXmhBIT: Larva, cocoon, pupa, and adult.








'14 T3M FELUMW OXOJKBTML
Hxmakpiisgraftria Fs&
brief notice we ForbM 14th RpL SL F&L III., p. 74, 1".
W
Rxwuarr: AduIL.
300 XOM.
AuAwneris io ftb.
For gemn-al acomnt we Lugger 4th RpL BLaW. ZnL Minn., pp, 129-129, fig. 130,
*%A PL 16, fig. U9, Is".
Lar",e 4Md, adult
1 900,
Ma Mhu,

Adult
THE GIMMUSIOwV3KR VVN;BL
RakWena wabra Fab.
F_ 044 *A HOMO
efi:_ weounts we Comstock, Upt. U. S. Dept, Agrie. L 1879, p. 252, 1880; OW#en-
Rul. 30, u. &, Div. Eqt., U. S. DepL Agrim, pp. 44-M, 1901.
r: Larva, pups, and adult.
THE SXA IW3 MMUNTLY CUI!wOBJL
Kamzxft:a mr*m Steph.
or short amount see Forlmi% 16th Rpt BL'.1 at III., pp.,9&JW, 1189D.
i kXI"rr: Larva, pupa, =&d,%duIL

OL6VxaCUTwrOBx
MaMeAM &VOIii nom
1VOr seewnt we Riley, ]RpL U. S. Dept- Agric- 1883, pp. 123-124, 1M&
)Wuwm-- Larva and adult.
AXIFY WOBaff-
Ile pAam un4nmde Hwv-
leucania.)
bi y and We history seme winter, 12th Upt N. Y. SL Ent., -pp. 190--
IArw4_, and adult
VAMIEGATED CUTW
ItTidroma mucia Hfibn.

-a bibliogrophy and Wo history see Cittenden, Bul. 29, n. a., Div. Ent,
01 I I AVje I, pp. j4fi-K 1902.
14rox, adult, and figam
00YAOMM"A OWL19T XCMM.
Prodepia comwdinx A.
W:Iiw life i general acwmt we Mttenden, Bul. 27, ft. Div. MIL,:U. S.
Agew,, pp. no-64; PI, iVj iig. il Igoi.
IALrVS, od adolt
DIAL" 4=!2!WOVJL

V OMM&I&O
g"eml accotmt we Rfley, RpL U_ & I*IYL AqOie_,f_ 18K pp. 2W-291, 1885.
IAw" *hd xdatIL
J



fithRpt-ILEL RuL Comm., M667-W6,18W


































THE ISABELLA TIGER-MOTH.
Is i8Sabella S. & A.
(Formerly Pyrrharctia.)
For general account see Chittenden, Bul. 43; Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agic.,
44-45, 1903.
EXHIBIT: Larva and adult.
THE NORTHERN CLOUDY-WING.
Thorybe pylades Scud.


(Formerly Budamus.)
EXHIBITr: Adult.
THE COXMYNTAS BUTTERFLY.
Everes comyntas Godt
(Formerly Lycana.)
For brief account see Lintner, 4th Rpt. N. Y. St. Ent., p. 137, 1888.
EXHIBIT: Adult.
THE Alfl]ICAN QOOPPER.
Heodes hypop hiea Bd.
(Formerly Chrysophanu.)
EXHIBITr: Adult.
LEZXONIAS EDITHA Bd.
(Formerly Mditma.)
EXHIBIT: Figure.
SOUTHERN DOG-FACE BUTTERFLY.
Zerene cmiar Stall.


II


El


4

I
'It'd
&4*'~

t~.


(Formerly Cbiss. )
For brief notice see Thomrs, 10th Rpt. St Ent. Ill., p. 78, 1881; Howard, BI. 7,
n. a., Div. Ent, U. 8. Dept. Agric., p. 84, 1897. ii
EXHIBIT: Adult .'


THE ORANGE SULPHUR.
Eurynu. euryiheme Bd.
jFormerly C(Uis.)
For brief account see French, 7th Rpt St. Ent. IM., pp. 147-148, 1878.
EXHIBIT: Larva and adult.


OA ""


E.:
"::::


.. i:" EEE"





itsm

LI 'V*rh g.FpSoIp 119
4s 04PUB
IN! JM






M, FrU t IpS nt I -, 4117
PUlld dl
TLKouml
lkeI eteeMn

4- 7t L.S u II .18 98
AaIL
OU=MS uAACe











For bibliography and general accounts see Scudder, Proc. U. S. N. M., Vol. IX
pp. 349-354, pl. 23. figs. 3 and 4; Morgan, Bul. 30, n. s., Div. Ent., U. S. DeptL.ApO
pp. 7-26, 1901. Si|
EXHIBIT: Adult.
RED-LUGGED LOCUST. "
Melanoplus femur-rubrum DeG. :,
For bibliography and general accounts see Scudder, Proc. U. S. N. M., Vol. XX,.ii
pp. 278-285; pl. 1, fig. h; pl. 19, figs. 1-4, 1897; Riley, Bul. 25, Div. Ent., U. 8. SDep.
Agric., pp. 27-28, 1891; !
ExHIBITrr: Adult.
THE ROOKY-MOUNTAIN LOCUST.


Melanoplus spretus Thos. :3
For bibliography and general accounts see Scudder, Proc. U. S. N. M., Vol. XX, l
pp. 184-190, pl. 12, fig. 8, 1897; Riley, Bul. 25, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., pp. J
9-26, 1891. :
ExIBIrr: Adult. :'|ii
INJURING THE FLOWERS AND SEEDS.
THE CLOVER-FLOWER MIDGE. |
Dasyneura leguminkicola Lint ii
(Formerly Cedidomyia.) l
For general account see Riley, Rpt. U. S. Dept. Agric., 1878, pp. 250-252, 1879.
EXHIBIT: Cocoon, adult, and figure.
THE CLOVER-SEED CHALCIS-FLY.
Btwchophagu funebris How.
For brief accounts see Hopkins, Bul. 6, n. s., Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., p. 73, "
1896, and Bul. 17, n. s., p. 45, 1898; Titus, Bul. 44, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Aguric.,
pp. 77-80, 1904.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work..
THE CLOVER-SEED WORX. M
Enarmonia irderstinctana Clem. 1
(Formerly Grapholitha.) )
For bibliography and general account see Lintner, 11th Rept. St. Ent. N. Y., pp. i
152-157, 1896. l
EXHIBIT: Pupa, adult, and work. :i


INSECTS INJURIOUS TO SXALL GRAINS.
".. ":: +'iilllll:lh++++
For general articles see Howard, Tech. Ser. 2, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., 24 pp., !
1896; Marlatt, Farmers' Bul. 132, U. S. Dept. Agric., 38 pp., 1901; Webster, BuL 42. ;
Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., 62 pp., 1903.1
THE LESSER LOCUST.
Melanoplua atlanis Riley. A
For bibliography and general account see Scudder, Proc. U. S. N. M., Vol. XX, pp. v1
178-183, pl. 12, fig. 7, 1897; Riley, Bul. 25, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., pp. 2B-27,':":
1891.
E+XHIBIT: Nymph and adult. :i!:iii

THE RED-LEGGED LOCUST. ..
Melawpluwfemur-rubrum DeG.
For bibliography and general account see Scudder, Proc. U. S. N. M., Vol. XX, pp ,1
278-285, pl. 1, fig. h; pl. 19, figs. 1-4. 1897; Riley, Bul. 25, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept.
Agric., pp. 27-28, 1891. ,
EXHIBIT: Nymph and adult. :|||
..........I








LOCUsT.
"W"Idw aprdus Thos-
bibliograLphy and gmerAl acaount sm Scudder, Ptoe. U S. N. M., Vol. XX, pp.
pl- 120 fig. 8p 18W; Riley, BuL 25, Div, Fat., IL S. Dept. Agric-, pp. 9-26
1: -NymWh, adult, md- figmv-
W WE- R Et.
Anabrus purpurasma Ubl.
Vr daLmiled scoom4 we Packad, 2d -RpL U. S. Ent. Comm., pp. 163-178, 1879.

IA)CUST.-
Ommuk ahm Smdd.
Wwant of an alliod species (C. peUucida) sm Simpson, Cire. 53, Di-v. Ent.,
Dapt Aqrk-.'P 1903.
Adult.
ABXT WORN.
Hdiophila un*unds-Harv-
*or biblu)gmphy aod life history vee Lintner, 12th Rept St. ]EnL N. Y., pp.
m'--'XMm Una, pups, adult, and %mm.
FALL AJMT WOML
tc -baphygma fnV*wrda 13. A.
V.
-*Or fiM bibuographyand life hifftory we 1 NJ -M IL INV. Imts
ALI Agrie-, pp. 40-45, 1901.
j La puM and a"t.
MAIM BOBJM
P"m*ma nik& Gum,
m Stoma of Vafiom PuntEL)
gmwml seemnt om Bird, Cam Eht-,, Vol-'XXX, 127-128,1898
lamu,,pnM aduft, mid w6i*.
W="T-IKFLA3D ARMY WORX.
ffdiVkv7a affidinm Hbm
CN 'lay
amotmt we BA 9th ReptL ft Fht. Mm, pp. 50-67, 1877.
Papm6 adult, fiprej and pundtes: Anomalon apicak Crem, Thchina


CbBounis mWaUi Say-
tFbr short 4rtiele sm CUMmdan Rul. A- Div. EluL, 11- S. Dept. Agric., p. 27,
Adult.
CULY-OOLOWIM MIL36-RUG.
$PhMWhOrU8"Ua&-LOC,-
im & odams lAw.. by *uthom)
MICIM on bUI-j me ForUM6 Ifth St. Ent, IlLp pp. W-74t 1890;
Vr j*.'1M-I3K4j i8ft
AduIL

I Nwron-

01 OWOW, at aud vavet graso6 om* rye., and whent,
































(Injures cane, corn, oats, rye, wheat, etc.) .
For bibliography, 1785-1888, see Forbes, App. to 16th Rept. St. Ent. Ill., pp. 1l M A
1894. For general articles see Forbes, 16th Rept. St. Ent; 111., pp. 1-67, 189t ;
Webster, Bul. 15, n. s., Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., 82.pp., 1898. ;i
EXHIBIT: Eggs, nymph, adult, and figure. '
: "::.*: *:'. l" :|
THE GRAIN .LEA-HOPPER. '::i
Diedrocephaltw flatviceps Riley. .
For account of D. mollipes see Osborn & Ball, Bul. 34, Iowa Agric. Expt. Stag, jLi'
614, 1897.
EXHIBIT: Adult.:::
THE DESTRUCTIVE LEAF-HOPPER. ...
'Cicadula exitioaa Uhl.
For general account see Comstock, Rpt. U. S. Comm. Agric., 1879, pp. 191-193,18t
EXHIBIT: Adult. .*;|
*.. :* .":::i, :::;ii|
THE WHEAT SAWFLY.
Dolerus arvensis Say. ".i.
For general account see Riley and Marlatt, Insect Life, Vol. IV, pp. 171-172, IMI
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. ,3
THE GRASS SAWFLY.
Pachynematus extensicornis Nort..I
(Formerly Neuaus marylandicus.) ::
For article under N. uarylandicm see Riley and Marlatt, Insect Life, Vol. IV, p"p$u'.
174-177, 1891. -
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
THE WESTERN GRAIN SAWFILY.
ephu. occiddialia Marl.
For short article see Riley and Howard, Insect Life, Vol. II, p. 286, 1890.
EXHIBIT: Adult, work, and figure, .






""41
in i~e tofu "wn~p --emaHaadTc.S ,Dv n.

!gi- 4pJ 8;as ese, a.4,Dv n. .S et
iPP.

A .IAT33&W W B .
Ia#m rm ~y
Adl n iue
iOML
!suahre ar





wimama Iril ailey

Vw ;Aufwrk n iue
77F
iAEYFCI ON-OM
Imoahrijrm"w
Adl!n ge
--............
aril iibblorpy eObon uL1,n Dv nt .S
57p." 9;trat ares u.12 .S -Aii-,p.1-2
PO$& iFl trsadmp

Xfmm o----.a Fich
9"30 w~ePaWbtr u-4,Dv n. .S eL r e iiii 4-51









Polygonia comma Harr.
(Formerly Gfrapta.)
For general account see Howard, Bill. 7, n. s., Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agiulc., ppW-
50-51, 1897.
EXHIBIT: Larva and adult.
THE SEXICOLO BUTTEREFLY.
Polygonia inwerrogationis Fab. ...
For general account see Howard, Bul. 7, n. a., Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., .ni"N
47-49, 1897. *
EXHIBIT: Larva and adult. ii
THE HOP GRUB. i
Gortyna immanis Guen. +
"!iiai!P
For general account and life history see Howard, Bul. 7, n. s., Div. Ent., U. ,.... .!
Dept. Agric., pp. 40-44, 1897. |
EXHIBIT: Pupa, adult, and work. i
THE HOP SNOUT-MOTH.
Hypena humuli Harr.
For general account see Howard, Bul. 7, n. a., Div. Ent., U. S. Dept Agric., pp. ,
44-47, 1897. :i
EXHIBIT: Larva, pupa, and adult.
THE VARIEGATED CUTWOBM. *|:
Peridroma saucia Hbn.:::*l
For general bibliography and life history see Ohittenden, Bul. 29, n. s., Div. Ent.,
U. S. Dept. Agric., pp. 46-64, 1901.
EXHIBIT: Larva and adult.

THE MEXICAN COTTON BOLL WEEVIL.
MEXICAN COTTON BOLL WEEVIL.
Anthonomus grand-is Boh..
(Breeds in and destroys bolls.) i
For full life history anti general account see Hunter and Hinds, Bul. 51, Bur. Efnt.,i
U. S. Dept. Agric., 1905; also Hunter, Farmers' Bul. 216, U. S. Dept. Agric., 1906. *
EXHIBIT: Life history (larvae, pupae, adults, injured cotton bolls, with stages pres- !;
ent in bolls, and uninjured bolls); illustrations and map showing distribution in
United States.'"..i


THE COTTON BOLLWORM ; CORN-EAR WORK.
COTTON BOLLWORM ; CORN-EAR WORM. i
Heliothis obsoleta Fab. :
.::.'::" .:.f:
(Formerly H. armiger. If. obscura by error. Larvae feed on bolls of cotton, ears.,
of corn, tobacco buds, beans, and, in tomatoes; also cut off young plants of various:
garden crops.) .":
For full life history and general account see Quaintance and Brues, Bul. 50, Burw. .
Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., 1905; also Quaintance and Bishopp, Farmers' Bul. 212,,':::i+ih
U. 3. Dept. Agric., 190.5. ...
EXHIBIT: Larva, pupa, adult, work in cotton bolls, and illustrations of different
stages, and work on various plants. Parasite exhibited: Archytias piliwenris v.d. W.;
adult, pupa, and figure. Enemies exhibited: ('ilosoma lugubre Lee., C. sayi Dej..,,:"i
C ('srutator Fab., Polistes annularis [Linn., and P. rubiginosmus Lep. ;i

SI1




141

43

INSBCTS MU=19S TO SUGAIL BM.
general articles me Forbes and Hart Bid 60 11]. Agr. Expt. Sta.' 136 pp.,
.(Uttenden, Bul. 439 Div. Ent- 2, U. R Dept. Agric., 7 1 pp. 1903.
3-11-R003M LOCUST.
,pimfemur-ndffum DeG_

Cy and generaL account we &mdder, Proc- U. S. N.
".For bibli7 M., Vol. XX, pp.
pl. h- pl. 19, figs. IA 1897; Riley, Bul. 25, Div. Ent., U. S. DepL
.tit .27-28,1891.
Adult and figure.
"130, AL 14MMT.
Afdano*w dVffmfi&ig Thm
lVot Ubtiogmphy and general account am &udder, Proc. U. S. N. M. Vol. xx
349-M4, pl. 23, figs. 3 and 4,1897; also Morgan, But. 30, n. EL, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept' .
'-ACrj*w_ pp. 7-2o,, igoi.
Exmnrr-. Adult and figuT&
THE Ro-xoUmTAw LOCUST.
AWampho qwdw Tho&
For bibliography and general account see Scudder, Proc. tf. S. N. M., Vol. XX,
WL, Ift-190, pl. 122 fig. 87 1897; Ritey2 Bul. 25, DIv--M. I U. S. Dept. Agric. pp. 9-267

rr: Adult
TWO a P3M LOCUST.
Held"Plux uvitt Say-
or bibOugmphy and general accouht we Scudder, Proc. U. S. N. M., Vol. X X
Jkluffirarr: Adult, nymph, and figure.


Kdwwphu aflani: Imey.
Affiliogrophy a44 -general account see Scudder, Proc. IIJ. S. N. M., Vol. XX,
1704831 VL 7,1897; Riley, BuL, 25, Div. Ent., tJ. DepL Agric., pp. 26-27
Uwwr: Adult.
MRWJXA LCKMOT.
Dinodeira carohna lAnn.
For-shoA account we Forbes and Hut, Bul. 60,114. Agr. Expt Sta., pp, 470-480,
FxHirwT: Nymph, adult, and parasite ProntimifrenAii Will.

REM LEA -XIN-IMI.
wicbu4 Lint
XXIffurr: Adult and figure.
jj 11
chbropo aNdmilis fkaeq.
*0
Pupdrium and adult.
AILWY W03&IL
IfeliThAf irmilomda Harr.
phy sod life history we Untner, 12th Rept. St. Ent. N. Y., pp. 190-214,
and adult.


































E XHIBIT: Adult and figure. .
THE ZEBRA CATERPILLAR.
Mamestra pica Harr. :"
For bibliography and general life history see Felt, 14th Rpt. N. Y. St. Ent i.
201-207, 1898. ,
EXHIBIT: Larva and adult. :,,,:
GARDEN WEBWORM.
*"..."illjll+
Loxosege similalis Guen. Il
For general account see Chittenden, Bul. 43, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agnkrie.,
39-40, 1903.
EXHIBIT: Cocoon, adult, and figure.
THE SUGAR-BEET WEBWORM. :..
i!'m iiiii
Loxostege siticalis Linn.
For general account see Forbes, Bul. 60, 111. Agr. Expt. Sta., p. 457-459, 190C1 3.-
EXHIBIT: Cocoon, pupa, adult, and figure.. .,,,"
THE ISABELLA TIGER MOTH. |
Isia isabella S. & A. .
(Formerly Pyrrharcdia.)
For general account see Chittenden, Bul. 43, Div. Eat., U. S. Dept. AAle,., A.
44-45, 1903. .. '.74
EXHIBIT: Larva, adult, and figure..
____.. ..,.++r
THE CLOVER OUTWORE.
Mamearn trifolii Rott. :
For account pee Riley, Rpt. U. S. Dept. Agric., 1883, pp. 123-124, 1883. !i
EXHIBITr: Larva, adult, and parasites Ophion purgaum Say and JpAoronme cb4
penis Macq.






45

C)ABRA T4OPS3L
Aukyrapha brawicz Rflej.
,fdr geneml acmunt and life history we Mittenden, Bul. .33, xL Div. Ent, U. S.
Agrie-, pp. 60--69, 1902.
Larva, WuI4 and parasitte Liwwria fibiator Or.
4 -AINDKE PI M-HOPPIM.
ffafti= uhiffi Giar&
26COUnt. we MdUenden, Bul. 19, n. Div. Ent, U. S. DepL Agik-,
5 18W
-oft Adult and figure.
T16 PL LNT-BUG.
Lygm praft&Aw Linn.
Vor generA acemaxt we Riley, Rpt. U. & D6pL Agrie- L 1884, pp. 312-315, 1885.
txjiwrr: Adult and figam
733* SANDY GROUND BUG.
4k AkibkUdS arencaum -IJUML
Xxotarr: Adult
FU BM.
Geowris bu&hw y.
'UxutwT: MuIL
T= 313=&RY BUG.
I&drvhevza mil4wis Uhl.
Exnxnrr: Adult,
CWUIDBD PIIGWIM BUG.
phr"Winu "ebulosus Fall.
Fxuxnrr: Adult
BRO-41" -HQIL31"
AgaUia amquin Prov.
X"imm: Adult.
THE NCH-BUG-
kwwM" BAY-
For henmul article and life, hisWry see Webster, Bul. 15, n. s., Div. Ent, U. S-
1- Agri&, & pp. im.
Famift: FgM nymph, adult, imd figum
FAT I-BUG.
Nysim angusww UhL
(Attacks many garden crops-)
Xxmmrr: Adult and figum
HOODIIM PlaANT-BUG.
Ru gakator FaJx
Xxmwr: EggN nymph, and adift
AMR IM


detailed wxxm4 aft Mtteudeu,, Bul. 1% n. s,7 Div. Ent, U. & Dept Agric.,
42-W, 1899-
Adult and figom









Lachnotema gibboma Burm.
For general account of white grubs see Forbes, 18th Rpt. St. Ent. IM., pp. 10-144':
1894.
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
THE 12-SPOTTED QUOU fhMX RUSTL.
Diabroiica duvodevimpetata 01.
For general account and remedies see Ohittenden, Bul. 43, Div. Ent., US. & i i-
Agric., pp. 12-13, 1903; Quaintance, Bul. 26, n. e., pp. 35-40, 1900.
EXHIBIT: Adult, figures, and parasite Celatoria diabrotie. :a::
MONOCREPIDIUS VESFlTINUS Fab. P;|
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. I
PENCILED SNOUT-BEETLE. .7
Centrinus penicellus Hbet. ii
EXHIBIT: Adult. /
THE GREATER SUGAR-BEET LEAF-BEETLE.. I
Monoxia puncicollis Say. .|
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. 1
THE LESSER SUGAR-BEET LEAP-BEETLE.
Monoxia consputa Lee. I
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.,|
THE GRAPE-VINE COLASPIS. :
Colaspis brunnea Fab. i
For general article see Chittenden, Bul. 43, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., pp. 13-14,
1903. '
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. iiii
WHITE GRUB; MAY BEETLE. '
Lachnosterna fusca Frdh. I
For account of white grubs injuring corn see Forbes, 18th Rpt St. Ent. 111'., pp. :
109-145, 1894.
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. ,
THE CONVEX FLEA-BEETLE.
PsyUiodes convexior Lec. :
EXHIBIT: Adult. .:
THE PALE-STRIED FLEA-BEETLE.
Systena blanda Mels. .:
For general articles see Chittenden, Bul. 23. n. a., Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric.,
pp. 22-29, 1900; Bul. 43, Div. Ent., p. 16, 1903.
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
THE SPINACH FLEA-BEETLE.
Disonycha xanthomelma Dalm. |
EXHIBIT: Adult, figure, and parasite Hffypostenn barbata Coq. ::.;
THE WAVY-NfCl ED FLEA-BEZTLE.
lisonycha crenicoUllis Say. : ||
EXHIBIT: Adult.

iiiii i
i~e






'47


Diwnycha triangularis::Say.
mw: AduIL
THE UUCUXBER F1 A-PMEWLE.
EpUrix cucumeris arr.
Irot short account we Chittenden, BuL 19, n. &, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric.,
190t 1".
HIRIT: Adult and figme,
TOOTE= A-BFJCTLE.
CA&oe dmhe%Iata Illig.
-Um=: Adult
a&y
derobasis unicolor Kby,
Akr short article see Chittenden, Yearbook, U. S. Dept Agric. L 1898; pp. 249-250)
UniwT: Adult.
SPOTTRI) =Mmm
4icauta mamdaft Say.
r generaJ account am Saunders, Bul. 57, -S-.-Dzk-. -Agnic. Expt. Sta., p. 52, 1898;
Bul. 43, Div. Bnt., U. S. Ekopt Agrk., pp. 24-2V, IW3.
AmT: Adult and figue.
GRAY BLISTiER IMMME.
Fpicautd cinerea F6rat.
V brW aecount see CWttenden, Pkil. 43, Div. Ent,, U. S. Dept. Agric., p. 25; 1903.
Xmiur. lult and figure.
CK BLUMER BE E.
# Bpicauta pennsylvanica DeG.
'brief account sm Mittenden, Bul. 43, Div.- Ent., U. 8.:Dept. Agric.7 p. 25, i9o3.
AdWt and figure.
THE 3MISTER BEATUR.
4icauta vUtata Fab.
gtwerAl #AvouiRt. em Chittenden, Bud. 43, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. -Agric., pp.
1903,
ii411,9W.'Adult and Agum.
14 U rTAXJ28 BiJOTER BEETLE.
Owthar ul mwaRi say.
','-'For short article see Chittenden, But. 43, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., p. 27 19M.
:IAI I in :Adult and fguxe,.

'4 1%
TO'BPAM A10-TIUS.




hIlOory and pm 4" aceoviJA see CbAW46N But. 23; n. s., Div. Ent., U. S.
A pp. 9-17Y 19ft,
Lvva,,,Wc:Oa*,,Ad#It Vor
r k4 and figure.


LAL































Epilachna corrupta Muls.
For general account see Gillette, Bul. 47, Colorado Agr. Expt. Sta., pp. 414*
1898; Chittenden, Yearbook, U. S. Dept. Agric., f. 1898, pp. 251-253, 1899. il
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. *
THE 12-SPOTTED CUCUXKBER- BEETLE. A:|i
Diabrotica duodecimpunctata 01.
For general accounts and remedies see Quaintance, Bul. 26, n. s., Div. Ent, ....
Dept. Agric., pp. 35-40, 1900; Chittenden, Bul. 43, pp. 12-13, 1903.
EXHIBIT: Adult. ;:.. ...
THE IMBRICATED SNOUT-BEETLE.
Epicerus imbricatus Say.
For detailed account see Chittenden, Bul. 19, n. s., Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Apic%
pp. 62-67, 1899; for general account, Bul. 43, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agrw.1,Si
28-29, 1903.
EXHIBIT: Adult.
THE BANDED FLEA-BEETLE.
Systena teniata Say.
For short account see Chittenden, Bul. 43, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., 174
1903.
EXHIBIT: Adult. ,"
THE PALE-STWIPED FLEA-BEETLE.
Systena blanda Mels.
For general article see Chittenden, Bul. 23, n. s., Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agrie.,
22-29, 1900; Bul. 43, p.16, 1903.
ExHIBIT: Adult and figure.
THE LEAP-MINING LOCUST BEETLE.
Odontota dorsalis Thunb.
(Lives on locust, but attacks beans and other leguminous plants.) :
For full life history, bibliography, and distribution see Chittenden, Bul. 38,
Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., pp. 70-73, 1902.
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.





49


11fte uar Gad

IIwo
Adl adfiu
IIf UTOI.

mAC.di YaboU.RDp.iIi .198 .27
Adut.
iAL-ABM1 LJA&
IIgaWa~f=D
I I e1u' 3 i.Et, .S et -pi4-4

iA
iia ~ H
IIg Fh

iw ta uw.t P tt nMn. p198pfg 8 89
I7
[la
1 iO~x
OpowW ibm u
IIailkvL

JFSmiiootw CibwoBl Dv n. .S
































r ...... '--f ........ . ... .. .:i-J
For brief account see Chittenden, Yearbook, U. S. Dept. Agric. f. 1898, p. l2481MSS:':
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. ..
THE GRAY HAIRB-STREA&K.
":.. .. i .. ::':::.!1"!!!
Uranote mdeinus Hbn. "'S
(Works in pods of peas and beans, and in silk corn. Formerly Thedla.) .....i.i
For brief article see Chittenden, Bul. 33. n. s., Div. Ent, U. S. Dept. Agric, P.::::m
101-102, 1902. .
EXHIBITrr: Larva, pupa, adult, and figure. + F',i
BOLLWORM; CORN-EA. WORK.
Hielothis obsoleta Fab.
(See special case for full life history with illustrations. )i.
For life history and general account see Quaintance and Brues, Bul. 50, Bur. &t.t:,'
U. S. Dept. Agric., 1905; also Quaintance and Bishopp, Farmers' Bul. 212, U.S.,
Dept. Agric., 1905.
EXHIBIT: Larva, adult, work, and figure. ....
THE IMPOITED PEA-KOTEH. .
Semasia nigricana Steph.
For general accounts and life history see Fletcher, Rpt. Ent. and Bot, Can. ,Lj
Agric., 1900, p. 214, 1901; Chittenden, Bul. 33, n. s., Div. Ent., U. S. Dept Auii
pp. 96-98, 1902. ,
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. |

INSECTS INJTURIOUB TO CCIFE RS.
: ;:++ i,+l::||||jjj
IMPORTED CASDAGS-WORM.
Pontia rap Sch.
(Formerly Pie vi.)
For general articles see Riley, Rpt. U. S. Dept. Agric. f. 188, pp. 10-11% i
Lugger, lat Rpt. St. Ent. Minn., pp. 71-77, PL VI, 18N; ChiVde Cir. n0,
Ent, U. 8. Dept. Agric., 1905.
EXHIBIT: Larva, chrysaliu, and adult






54

LAWWS CADMA-SX:
POIdid MMOAA6 TIMIL

wtieJe am Riley., Rpt. U. 8- Dept Agde- f- IM3, m 117-118v ISK
Adult
rm-mm= BUTTIERFLY.
Ponfia okra" BOis&
I.Ty 18K
gmeid acmmt sm Ruey, Rpt. U. S.. Dept. Agrie- L 1883,y pp. 115-1171
14 # ChUmfis and adult

CA303A'ME W03mxw
Ponfia proMWw BOWL

we Riley,, Itpt, U. EL Dept. Agric. L 1883, pp. 114-1159 1884
JA Upt, Fnt Minn., pp. 71-77, Pl. VU, 18M.
Chrynhis and adnIC
WEBWOAW.
-Loxodve Xir GZIML
jpei account am Mittmden, Bul. 43, Div. Ent, U. S. DL-pt. Agric., pp. 39-
06r
i9mL
Adult a6d fiMmre-
033N.
PeUia annexa Tr.
iipi egIV and bwval stage w* F*Uwk CaIL Enty VoL XIVI pp-
For goviul acmunt see Riley, Rpt..U- EL Dept. Agric., 18K pp.
TArva, papa, adult, and figum-
CUTWORML
41,
Fdfia subgdhim Haw.-
At BuL 104, ODmell Univ. Agric. Expli. Sta. pp.

figum
9MALGIXKVN RD OUTWOUX.
*Aia makfda Guen.
I A-
'Por short SCCOU vile am y Rpt. U. S. DepL Agrie., 1884, pp. 292-M IM.
!kolmm: Adult MW figaft.
V_ -VAMO M-JOAIMp CUTWOKIL
W #
1%44r"k saiscia HbjL
bj5*ysmQdttw&n. Bul. 29, n. &T FW4.1
PP-1 -loft
Walk, And


"bo wo* 'W'
%0AW ft'q V4* j'O.- I& Vet*, AgAr. L ISK pp- 2%_29E IM5_




Dept., Awir. f. IM4t p 296* 1WAL




















FALL ARMY WORM.
..........i~ : ..
Laphygmafrugiperda S. & A.
......: ...i~i~
For full bibliography and life history see Chittenden, BuL 29, n. a., Di-r .
IT. S. Dept. Agric., pp. 40-45, 1901.
EXHIBIT: Larva, adult, and figure. ::
A.....!
THE CROSS-STRIPED CABBAGE WOB 'i
Verg i ri o is... :.e n::.
Evresi rwoali Guen. ',' +-.Jiii


(Formerly Pionea.)
For general article see Chittenden, Bul. 33, n. a., Div. Ent., U. S. Dept
IA W f iflS,


Ot-OW, 1im .,; -':i......a l
EXHIBIT: Larva, pupa, cocoon, adult, and figure. ...
THE SALT-ASH CATE PILLA.... ....
.... .. .e.!
stigmene arsa.D :r.
(Formerly Leucaretia.) .MOi
For general account see Chittenden, Bul. 43, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept Ag^.
43-44,1903. ...l
EXHIBIT: Larva, cocoon, and adult. ......j.
THE CABBAGE LOOPER. .
Autographa bracsie Riley. :i
(Formerly Plu8W) : ......
A02i...
For general account and life history see Chittenden, Bul. 33, n. a., Div. Eat,, Ut.-B:
Dept. Agric., pp. 60-69,1902.. ;
JXHIBIT: Larva, cocoon, pupa, and adult .,.li
THE DIAMOND-BACK MOTH. :'i.:
Plutea macuip Curtis. :eu:


(Formerly P. crueiferarum.) ,
For general account see.Lugger, lit Rpt. St. Ent. Minn., p. 79, P1. VI, 1896. ii
EXHIBIT: Larva, cocoon, adult, and work.
HARLEQUIN CABBAGE BUG. M
Murgantia Aiutinic Hahn.
................
(Feeds on cruciferous plants of all kinds.) .A"
For general accounts see Riley, Rept U. S. Dept. Agrie. f. 1884, pp. 809S412,
Smith, Bul. 121, N. J. Agr. Expt. Sta., pp. 3-6,1897.
ExHIBIr: Eggs, nymph, and adult .
THE TARNISHED PLANT-BUG.


Lyg pra.. in.
For general account see Riley, Rpt. U. S. Dept. Agric. f. 1884, pp. SI12-315 131S
ExHInIT: Adult. ili
THE EGG-PLANT ILA-DHETLR. .
Epitrif i. "3..
For general account see Chittenden, Bul. 19, n. a., Div. Eat., U.8. Dqep A#"e.
87-89, 1899. ."i
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. ....
.. .. . .


J
m


. %. ":;









Fiu



Iimoma lbmm "
IA
rlR BLE
Mg i4O~*aroai oh
2-mibi f htedn m ieVl Ip.44" 85 u.9
De.App p 1-2 87
mw
2 4P*Of uQ on
*wm eCime, Ba i.Ft.9U. DP gi- p
Ad m tm
oc rf vatFb




























INSECTS INJURIOUS TO POTATO.
THE INGED KILLIPEDE..
Cambala annulaa Say. .
EXHIBIT: Figure.
THE SHORT-WINGED KOLE-CRICKET.
Scapteriecus abbretiatus Scudd.
3i!.. i ;iiii




For general account see Chittenden. Bul. 40, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric.,4p.
117-118,1903. For account of an allied species, S. didactyltw Latr., see Barnett, BSU
2, Porto Rico Agric. Expt. Sta., 1902.
ExHIBIT: Adult.
*::: "'Y JB






POTATO-TUBEf WORE; TOBACCO SPLIT-WOR i
Phthorimxa operculella Zell. l
(Formerly Lita and Gelechia solanella. Works in stems and tubera.)
For general account see Rile and Howard, Insect Life, Vol. IV, pp. 239-242, tw
Howard, Farmers' Bul. 120, IfS. Dept. Agric., pp. 19-22, 1900.
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
THE POTATO-STALK WEEVIL.
lWchobarisa trinotcta Say.
For life history and general account see Chittenden, Bul. 33, n. s., Div.: .::
U. S. Dept. Agric., pp. 9-19, 1902.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
STALK BOBE..... ....
Papaipema niela Guen. :
(Formerly Gortyna and Hydrscia. Bores in stewms of various plat.)
For general account see Bird, Can. Ent., Vol. XXX, pp. 127-128, 189L. *iil..
EXHIBIT: Adult. |
THE LITTLE SBEIN TOXTOISE BEETLE*
Oassida paUidula Boh.
(Formerly C. teana.)Q }iadsBhI
'or short account see Riley, Amer. Nat, vol. 17,c p. 1070, Octobet V 17 Stt-,18i
EXHIBITrr: Adult.





nI-
mm7e 7
rmILA



Clwd iclrFb

qCN
geea con e adroBt 9 d g.Ep.Sap.1910
am: dut
DOAR
Lemiw wmiSy
Vo eea iehsoyseSih p.N .Arc xtSa 85
pf,42-4 8
Fllra ua dlfgran h ooigeeis rcit
Chko iuwz'esCcnlasnun inCeiel o
H tH Vu aiim a. rjod4r6 ovresGe. ipdni
Fa Udari~rs~tyLeiaradi t.,eg~aackta~G.Near
PAalal ".. od"spm~DalPoid plip Lp
viry Linn


































EET-POTATO HAWK-MO1
Phlegethontius eonvoluli Linn.


EXHIBIT: Adult.


THE SWEET-POTATO PLUfE-MOTH.
Pterophqrua mnodactylu Linn.
EXHIBIT: Adult.
LARGfl SWEET-POTATO SAWFLY.
Schizocerus privatus Nort.
For general account see Marlatt, Insect Life, Vol. V, pp. 24-27,
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
SWEET-POTATO FLEA-BEETLE.
Chtocnema conmfinia Cr.
ExHIBIT: Adult.


THE CUUMB3ER FLEA-BEETLE.."
Epitrix cucumeris Harr.
For short account see Chittenden, Bul. 19, n. s., Div. Ent.,
pp. 89-90, 1899.
EXHIBIT: Adult.


THE MOTTLED TORTOISE BEETLE.
Coptocycla signifera Hbst.
(Formerly C. guiatla.)
EXHIBIT: Adult.


BLACK-LEGGED TORTOISE BXR LE.
Cauida migripes 01.
EXHIIBIT: Adult and work.

TWO-STRIPED TOSTOIS BREETE.
.u.ida bi"tuat say
EXHIBIT: Adult.


fig. 6, 189l '.. .
** ..... ....:':*:
.. ..:EiE. "


hi .. E


":""::": ,";
U. S. DepL "Agi
.........:: i

-: E ..::: ,:..

2, .,'ii:
: .- :.
E ::: u il


..:I~ll

i .:;=*:




7 !7
Ti RW omu

Phmf npnaaSy
b/ nfms/Hiloj a.Et o.XI1 p.1415 8 n al
p.27

Adlt
ARU OTM /TE
Owyoph rw 1ct
//waWC.aie.
/~i" 4.1t
|U. O" AO
"IACOWR; OA WBW
IM~oau -tiqeam""
acon ePwrPyes u.12U .Dp gi.p.1-4
Larva d adul

LII

"Obo Ut Lax











For bibliography and general accounts see Scudder, Proc. U. S. N. M., VoL ]LI
pp. 178-183; pl. 12, fig. 7, 1897; Riley, Bul. 25, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agrie., p
26-27, 1891.
EXHIBIT: Adult............
THE TWO-STRIPED LOCUST. .: |.
Mekanoplus bivittatus Say. :: ;|
For bibliography and general accounts see Scudder, Proc. U. 8. N. M., Vol. XX, il
pp. 363-368, pl. 24, fig. 5, 1897; Riley, Bul. 25, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agrie., ...pp. .!
31-329 1891.
EXHIBITrr: Adult and figure.
RED-LEGGED LOCUST. ;
Mdelanoplus femur-rubrnum DeG. I:,:
For bibliography and general accounts see Scudder, Proc. U. 8. N. M., Vol. 5XI
Sp. 278-285, pl. 1, fig. h; pl. 19, figs. 1-4, 1897; Riley, Bul. 25, Div. En,-t., U. :
Dept. Agric., pp. 27-28, 1891.
EXHIBIT: Adult. "
MflLANOPLUB PUJOPINQUUS Scudd.
For original description see Scudder, Proc. U. S. N. M., Vol. XX, pp. 285-286, pl.. I
18, fig. 9, 1897. 'I
EXHIBIT: Adult. i
TWELVE-SPOTTED ASPARAGUS BEETLE.
Orioceris duodetimpuncata Linn. :::
For detailed account see Chittenden, Yearbook, U. S. Dept Agric., .1896, pp..::::
349-352, 1897. i
EXHIBIT: Adult, figure, and adult of enemy, Podisus spinosus Dall. :
THE ASPARAGUS BEETLE. ;
Orioceris asparagi Linn.
For detailed account see Chittenden, Yearbook, U. S. Dept. Agric., 1896, pp. 341-: ::ii
349. For bibliography and general account see Lintner, 11th Rpt. St. Ent. N. Y., pp.-1 .!
177-188,1896..
EXHIBITrr: Larva, adult, figure, and enemy Stiretrus anchorago Fab. l
THE TWELVE-SPOTTED CUCUXMBER BEETLE.
... !i;l
Diabrotica duodecimpundtata 01. :
For general accounts and remedies see Chittenden, Bul. 43, Div. Ent., U. S. D"ep:.I
Agric., pp. 12-13, 1903; Quaintance, Bul. 26, n. s., Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric.,
35-40, 1900. iii
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
FALSE BfD-WORX; COTTON BOLLWORM. .||
Heliothis obsoleta Fab. '
(Formerly H. armiger Hbn. For full life-history exhibit see under cotton Mdi .:
corn.) .. !
For life history and general account see Quaintance and Brues, Bul. 50, Bur. EAt,j
U. S. Dept. Agric., 1905; also Quaintance and Bishopp, Farmers' Bul. 212, U. S. Dept ::.
Agric., 1905. &i
EXHIBIT: Adult. :
ZEBRA CATERPILLAR. .'..||
Mamestra picta Harr. :-
For general account see Chittenden, Bul. 43, Div. Ent., U.S. Dept Agric., pp.iii
4:. 190L.a. a, u:gafiu
EXHIBIT: Larva, adult, and figure. i|




I=







imeount we flowwd,'FamerW Bul. Ij U., S. -Tk,4gric_, pp6'24--25, fig.
Larva, adult, and figum.
A _M R KRA'ySPAXWOBX.'
ekora pampawnd Guen.
-Vor geneM account am Smith, Fwmers' Bul- 178, pp. 19-21, 1903.
NXkm'iT: Larvik, puM and adult
Mq AXIO &-RAF413GLjMW
_15dia hVama Walk.
"y Lophoderm-)
secount we lArgger, 4th Rpt Stabe Entom: Minn., p. 231, 1899.
t pupa, and mlwlt_-
SULPHUR-COLORIEM TOILT'le
.Z
149agage sdfureanit Clem.
D"dim)
brief account see Lugger, 4th Upt. State Rhtom. 31i pp- 232-233, 1899.
Papa and adult.

Own Im U=is TO CUCURM&

4F* Md"a mftjrWmwiis Hbji.

and genmsdacmunts ime Mdttenden, Dul. 19, n. a., Div. Ent., U. S.
Agrie., pp. $"I 18W; Vir. 38, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept, Agric., 1899.
twyx$ PUM axwn, adulk and figum
PIOXIA WORM.
DiqAania waiddis Cram.
r
Afar
sa4 bibliogmphy me Chittenden, Bul. 19, n. s., Div. Ent.,
VpL AVie.0 -$W 4" 0, IWO- Unt"er, I Ith,, Upt N. Y. St: Fat.. pp. 126-133,


AR&M or K LP13ELL A
0"
sl Djaphania
4 "gig *U4
ly we Chittenden,,Bul. 19, n. a.,
V, Mmotol- AO(I =p Div. Ent.,
fLpt N.,Y, St Ent. pp. 134-138v
ado 'J-Aftd
IVN"K-I
"'IIII*V***W Maria)
1160 v *w
4E 0004, pow
X-MMeMkoa, ftkt 33, n. a., Div. But, U. S.

'j- I MI rill

t
1% IbL W* Div. Uts U. EL DeptL Agric.,
0.1"K Agrie- I$W
*01


























::MI IT IL ".:mM.&i
U LTZ &UUl.:: i i::::::
THE HORlNfl ED ,UlB Uf ..lfl

Anasa armigera Say.
7::" .....:: ^.ii

For general accounts see Chittenden, Can. Ent. Vol. XXX, pp. 239-240, 1898; SW
19, n. a., Div Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., pp. 28-34, 1899. ::::::::
EXIr: ggs, nymph, adult, and figure. ........

THE COMfON SQUASH-DUG.
Anasa trWie D yeG.
.. ...:: ./ t,, v




For general accounts see Chittenden, Cir. 39, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., 1 i
Bul. 19, n. s., pp. 20-28, 1899.
EXHIBIT: Eggs, nymph, adult, and figure. .. .....
THE SQUASH LADYRI3D.3
Epilachna borealis Fab.
:: .. : :.... .E i EE
*O'] O 8,*A' : "::::. :':: ....ll





For bibliography and life history see Chittenden, Bul. 19, n. a., Div. Ent, U..
Dept Agric., pp. 11-20, 1899.
ExHBmrr: Larva, pupa, adult, and work. ,i
.... ... .
___ S T- T. .....,

INSECTS Jl URIOUS TO STORED PRODUCTS.

THE WOLF MOTH.
XJL i W i~j J& U.*:- .:::.::!.;;(:::::






lneagraneUa Linn... .i .:. :!!!

For general account see Chittenden, Bul. 8, n. s., Div. Ent, U. S. DeptL Agulo
pp. 31-34, 1897.
EXHIBIT: Pupa and adult.
MfDITEfRANEAN FLOUB-KOTH.
Ephestia kuehnieUa Zell.
For general account 1ee Chittenden, Farmers' Bul. 45, U. 8. Dept. Agile.,pp
1897. EXHIBITrr: Larva, pupa, cocoon, adult, and figure.
DRID-OUlANT MOTH.. ....
Epheutia xautuia Wlk.

For short account (under E. oahiritUa) see Chittenden, Bul. 8, n. a., DIT.
U. B. Dept. Agric., pp. 7-9, 1897. H1
EXHIBIT: Larva, adult, and figure.

H.
"". "".m'::E




FIT
dimL
iya aia in
acon o tedn w e u.4,U.S et gi,,p.1-1 87
i av4pMecoa Waut
.mm ...
m1da emkaHa








m~ Ir
m~ak dw Wll
[]gi6qp.1-8
ibwApeOWitFm&M.4;U .D
mmP
Almwb x~fup




Cla
wi & Rqf-Xr3
*,*wmkt $'.m Dvtq .S et gevp 2
mmI- I
limm] et
1, m=,19












EXHIBIT: Adult.
EnT: Adult. CABINET BEETLE.

Awkhmuw a.b6.i Lien.
(Formerly 4. tariua.)
For short account see Chittenden, Bul. 8, n. s., Div. Ent., U. 8. Dept. A e... r ::
22-23, 1897.
ExHiBsrr: Adult and work.
THE fIAL SAP-BEETLE. ::-
Oarpophilus dimidiats Fab.
EXHIBIT: Adult.
TH CORN SAP-BEXETLE. '
Ckrpophilw paipennis Say.
EXHIBIT: Adult. :
THE CADELLE.
Tenebroide mauritanicus Linn..
(Formerly Trogosita.) i:. 3:;:
For general account see Chittenden, Farmers' Bul. 45, U. S. Dept Agrie., pp. .18-1,
1897. '.
EXHIBIT: Larva, adult, work, and figure. :
WO:R :..........
"':::'.:EEEE:.:EEEii
THE DARK EA.L-WOM. 3
Tenebrio obsurw Fab.
For short account see Chittenden, Farmers' Bul. 45, rev. ed., U. S. Dept. Agric.,....""
p. 15, 1897. ,
EXHIBIT: Larva, pupa, adult, and figure.
THE YELLOW MEAL-WORX.
Tenebrio molitor Linn." ;!
: 7r "':....::
For general account see Chittenden, Farmers' Bul. 45, rev. ed., U.S. Dept. Agri, ::,
pp. 14-15, 1897. !:
EXHIBIT: Larva, pupa, adult, and figure. :
THE WHITE-MARKED SPIDER BEETLE.
Ptinus fur Linn.
For general account see Chittenden, Bul. 4, n. a., rev. ed., Div. Ent., U. S. Dq III
Agric., pp. 127-128, 1902. "
EXHIBIT: Adult.
THE BROWN SPIDER BEETLE.
Ptinus brunneus Dufts. .!|
For short account see Chittenden, Bul. 4, n. s., rev. ed., Div. Ent., U. S. De$pt .::l
Agric., p. 128, 1902. ,i
EXHIBIT: Adult. r.!
THE DRUoG-BTOn E BEETLE.
Sitodrepa panicea Linn.
(Listed as Anobium in foreign catalogues.)
For general account see Chittenden, Bul. 4, n. s., rev. ed., Div. Ent., U. 8. De!:..pt...
Agric., pp. 124-126, 1897. l
EXHiBIT: Adult, work, and figure.
11'': -l


me





76
rl ricr -
geea-cutseCitdtBl ,n.srv dDv n. .S et
7 p 2-17 87
ax.Autan iue

GRM401R


Dioem me w on

Po'hr--I p e hteneImtLie o.V4 .37 85
jgwu dl






Adl
ImU cmiitD .


o o"- amun se htedn .4 .irv dDv n. .S et




7


64

BRACH MAMISM Say.
For I ife history notes, and general. aewun* see Qxmintance, Ent News, pp
plate, 1897.
ExHIBIT: Adult and figum


HOUSIROLD INSIM8.
For genend account of household insects see Howard, Marlatt, and Chit
l3ul. 4, n. s., rev. ed., Div. Ent, U. S. DepiL Agnic., 1902. Contains' articles on
the insects represented in the exhibit.
THE HOVZZ CENTIPEDE.
&mWgeraforwp Raf.
(While this animal is not an insect, but belongs to the class Myriapoda, it is so
regularly associated with the insects that it may appropriately be presented wM-
them. It feeds on flies, moths, roaches, etc.)
For general article see Marlatt, Cir. 48, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept Agric., 19M.
ExHIBIT: Figure.
T SILVMR PTSM
Lqyism domedica Pack.
For general article see Marlatt, Cir. 49, Div. Ent.1 U. S. Dept. Agric., 1902,
EXHIBIT: Figure.
BOOK-LOUSE.
7odeg divinatoria MR.
(Formerly Rocw and Atropos.)
ExHijarr: Figure.
Al
V"MTE ANT.
Latcotmw8flavpa Koll.
(Formerly Termes.)
For general account see Marlatt, Cir. 50, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric-, 1902.
ExHmiT: Adult and figure.
THE AMERICAN'COOMELOACH.
Periplaneta americana tinn.
For general article see Marlatt, Cir. 51, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept, Agric, pp. 1-8, 19W -;j
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
THE BLACK 61BEETLE."
Bktta orientalis Linn.
For general article see Marlatt, Cir. 51, Div,. Ent, U. S. Dept. Agric., pp. 9-10,
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
CROTON BUG.
BlalteUa germanica Linn.
(Formerly Ebtobia-)
For general article w* Marlatt, Cir. 51, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., pp. 10-11t lom.
EXHIBIT: Adult.
THE HOUSE ONJOR-3 1.
Gryllus domeiticus Linn.
ExatBiT: Adult.
THE CASZ-IWAXM CLOTER13 XOTH- 'T
7%w peUioneUa Linn.
For general article see Marlatt, Cir. 36, Div Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., pp. 1A
ExntsiT: Adult and figure.






65

CAI&rw XOTM
7Hdwphaga lapetzd1a Un'n.
erly 71nw.)
general article see Marlatt Cir. 36, Div. Fnty U. S. Dept, Agric., p. 511898.
4V HmtT. Figure.
THIS W as B G CIJYI]3:EB XOTH.
Tineola biwUd& Hum.
Formerly 7Vnw.)
7* gmerAl article see Marlatt, Or, 36, Div. Ent., U.. S. Dept, Agric., pp. 4-5,1898.
Adult and Agare.
BJM-LBGGED- TFA
Necrobia rufipes DeG.
44awt.- Adtdt and figure-

DermMa k"xktriu# Linn.
Unum: Adult and figure.
CARPET BEETTA OJEL,"BIjWALO XOTH.")
Anarenm wrqphuk'xJ'u%*
general article Fee Rdward, Cir. 5, Div. Ent, U, B.. NipiL Agric-, 1894.
j Rx-.,xBrr: Adult and figure.
BE OIL TF A 8
Piophila cawi Linn.
*,Fbcsaff: Adult.
IMIM OR VIN31GAIL PLY.
1hwophila ampdophila Loew.
'fvor accounts we HowaM, Bul- 4, n. s., Div. EnL.t U. S. Dept. Agric., pp-
'w lit, IN6; Pree. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. -11, Vp-.589-NO, pl. 31, fig. 2, 1900.
Z4. .7
p- A[;wIBxT: Adult and figure.
LUTLE ANT.
Monomoriunt pharaonis Linn.
krU4e A* Marlatt Cir. 34, Div. Fnt., U. S. Dept.
for 9rIc-' pp- -2?
-IV$ b, ljogmphy and geoeM account see Lintner, I Ith Rpt. N. Y. St. Entom.,
IW 114, I$K
JKK W: A4*dt and fture.


198im wMe IIUY BPRXATI DISEASE.
airticlea- Howw-d, Farmers' Btaletizi 1557 U. S_ Dept. Agric., 1902; atso
30 n. FL, Div. Ent. U, S. be&. Agric., pp. 39-45, 1901.
Y Loww-FAVI IKOSQUITO.
8"onyidfiwiaia Fab.
host for the Wrtafte of yellw fevm Formerly CW.=.)
and figure.
XIAT-AUXA JKOS4=W_-
L

'IftWortant of the oxmquitoes trawmittirg malaria. Formerly A. pad-

sod Aguri.













EXHIBIT: AU


THE STABLE FLY.
....., .,. ..
&tomoxys calcitrans Linn.
For special article see Howard, Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. II, pp. 577-579 Ifi
27, 1900.
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
THE HIPPELATES FLY.
'* .::: -..u.::..Eiiiii::!
Hippeldales flavipes Loew.
ale# a Loew '~ ~~. "::...... .... .. ........

(Facilitates the spread of the disease known as "pink-eye.") .ii,
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. "..."l
THE BROWN DUNG FLY. S
Scatophoga furcata Say. Hi
... ... ...i !
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
TI1E SHINING EXCREMENT FLY. :
Mforellia micans Macq.
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure..
THE LITTLE HOUSE FLY. ".
Homalomyia brevis Rond. ".ij
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. ......:
: .:.. ::...::" ::E
THE FRUIT OR VINEGAR FLY. ....
Drosophila ampelophila Loew. 'i
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. ."

THE SCREW-WORK FLY. ": ::il
": :::m:!!Si
Chrysomyia macellaria Fab. "'
(Formerly Gompsomyia.) ::;;
For special article see Howard, Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. II, p. 562, 1900. :,
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure. '""
THE CATTLE TICK. ::'
Boophilus annulatus Say. ::"
(Very common on cattle below the Texas fever line, and known to be responsible
fot transmission of Texas fever among cattle.) ,
EXHIBIT: Eggs, adult, and figure. ..:::

F'
INSECTS WHICH DIRECTLY INJURE OR ANNOY HUXAN 333I06 :
.,' : : .i: ii":.:y iiil
THE HOUSE FLY.
Musca domestic Linn. q
For general article see Howard, Cir. 35, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. Agric., 1898.
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
THE SOUTHERN BUFFALO GNAT. "|
Simulium pecuarum Riley. y
For general article andti full life history see Osborn, Bul. 5, n. a., Div. Ent., U. ]:k:
Dept. Agric., pp. 41-62. 1896.
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.


anu





-767
&4#Z&JI~iiIX
II wlscufs
--7 x i~r-
geeaIIm,6 ood n *4,u.4 s. e.e.Dv n,




A9vIIP
-R yukaut|'n iuo

IjzHUEXSUT.



-reeadlf itr eHwBl 5 Dv n. IJ.S
22A10.Tetd n0 we id
t n fu
AoIWa C n hq~~&
Malf. Ci.4iDv nU .Dp gi- 92
Iftu orf"thn
Eni-SDprgapp94,1fl














W%# WA OUJELAUMM JOWXX JILJAWkJJV WMAi6
Simulium pecuarum Riley.
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.
THE TURKXET GNAT.
Simulium meridionale Riley.
EXHIBIT: Puparium, adult, and figure.
AMERICAN GADFLY.
Tabanus americanus Fort.
EXHIBIT: Adult
THE GRAY-STRIPED GREEN-HEAD.
Tabanus lineola Fab.
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.


jJ


.4


THE BLACK GADFLY.
Tabanus atratus Linn.
EXHIBIT: Larva, adult, figure, and figure of parasite Phanurus tabanivors Asa.

THE GBREENHEAD.
Tabanus costalis Wied.
EXHIBIT: Adult.
TABANUS EXUL 0. S.
EXHIBIT: Adult.
TABANUS PUNCTIFER 0. S.
EXHIBIT: Adult.


EXHIBIT: Adult.


TABANUS CINCTUS Fab.

MEXICAN GADFLY.
Tabanus mexicanus Linn.


EXHIBIT: Adult.


THE BLACK-STRIPED GADFLY.
Tabanus nigrovittatus Macq.


EXHIBITrr: Adult.


EXHIBIT:


THE BLACK-STRIPED EAR-FLY.
Chrysops ttiatus Wied.
Adult and figure.
CHRYSOPB ATROPOS 0. a.


EXHIBIT: Adult.
CERYSOPS HLARIS 0. 5.
EXHIBIT: Adult.
THE STABLE FLY.
Stomoxys calcitrans Linn.
For special article see Howard, Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. II, pp. 577-579,
27, 1 SO.
EXHIBIT: Adult and figure.


WI
H,


& T,






69

THz Hoi= BoT.-FLY.
GadrqAihm alui Fab.
'ktm=T-- FCM krva, pupar=6 midult.'and ftum


Gadrophibm nandis Tin"
VmH Adult,
THE WAMBLA FLY.
HWodema bovis DeG.
(A Fampem specim)
Igir rr-. adult, and ftum-
-OX BOT; OX WAMBLE.
IlWodmm Amedd VIM.
lKimorr: La-va, adult, and figum
THE BOT FLY; UZA XAGGOT.
va IJ11M
Upon,: Larvi6 pupar* adultq and figmv-
THE HORN FLY.


Fw special article we Riley and Uoward Insect Life, VoL pp 93-103.
AWT-, Puparium. admJt and figum
THE TXCM
Aldophagm oviums Linn.
XtdmT:- Adult and figure.
BOBEW-WOBW FLY.
chrywymiia mae&aria Fab.
CO paMyja.)
artieJe we Howard, Proe- Waohingtm Amd. S&, Vol. U, p. 19M.
Adult and ftume-
"T AIM DOCI TTAX&
Ck1UmrP&dm Cmis Cm-fi&
Adai mrrWimo Gerv.)
y mm Baker, Proc. U. K N. M., Vol. XXVIL p. 438,190

MUCIMG !E1OMS3?,1LOUEM
Ar Um = axini Linn-

RHO=-NCMMD OX-LOUSE.
Hxmaqoinm mrydanm Nitmh.

I loome-MOORD OX-LOUMO.

Adult *W Agwe, Aammeopimm viwfi Unn.
WO
LOMM


















A
'I



FOREST INSECTS.::; '
XP
For treatises and shorter articles see Packard, 5th Rpt. U. S. Ent. Comm., 188640;
Hopkins, Buls. 21, 28, 32 and 48, Div. Ent., U. S. Dept. A ric., Buls. 16, 17, 31,P.
35, 36, and 56, W. Va. Agric. Exp. Sta. and Yearbk., Y. S. Dept. Agric. f 1 ,04"
pp. 387-404, 1905; Felt, 7th Ann. Rpt. Forest, Fish, and Game Comm., pp. 479M134.,'
1903.':::iiiii
iP::" lll
... .... ..:. i E






INSECTS INJURIOUS TO FORESTS IN THE NORTHWESTERN *fl-1"'I'
NORTHEASTERN UNITED STATES..

NORTHWESTERN STATES.

INJURY BY AMBROSIA BEETLES. ORDER COLEOPTERA, PAMT I.Y
SCOLYTID .
CAmSE1. ., -"S
1. The Western Platypus.
Platypus n. sp.
Excavates long, oranching galleries in the sapwood and neartwood of injured,
dying, and recently felled Douglas spruce, western hemlock, and giant arborvite:::....
California to northern Oregon; also reported from Washington. ;
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.3
2. Western Hemlock Wood-Stainer.
Gnalfotrichus 8tdcatus Lec.
Excavates numerous branching galleries from a central burrow, the broods liwitgi
in closely joined side chambers; in the sapwood and heartwood of western hemlock' &
Douglas spruce, giant arborvite, and lowland fir. California to northern Wai.
ton; common in hemlock.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
.. ..: : ... :::!::


3. The W


Excavates transverse galleries
in the sapwood and heartwood,
yellow pine and Douglas spruce.
northeastern Washington.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.


eastern Pine Wood-Stainer. i i
.... ^ *:.: "
Onathotrichus n. sp. ::i
in the surface of the wood and branching ones deep .:
the broods living in short side chambers; western,:+:
Cascade and Rocky Mountain region, California to'::
I' ! "
4 .
..:.;;ad..~


4. The Eastern Pine Wood-Stainer.
Gnathotrich us materiarius Fitcb.


Excavates several branching
living in short side chambers
recently felled pine and spruce.
and injurious.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.


galleries from a single-entrance burrow, the broc
in sapwood and heartwood of injured, dying, a
Eastern United States and Canada. Very commuir




TITII
71
5-Te-IueTibrBote
Trpdmrn ika iry
iIa alre rmasnl .etac urw h ro
insotsdIhmesi h awodo nuedig n enl
IIIb-lccdafr n ac- ~trnrhasen n etr
"tt@ kaa n rts /lubat ~sa eyij~iu
Adl n ok
S.IdBrh-Ti~o-eto
ihmmmnn p
II wigg~u rma nrne um n h rosdvlpi
I4o hoesmmwo n erwo fpprbrc.KoeaIao
-1 ai;aooohrbrhe nMie
!iUtA"Wr
7.Teisooia ibrBee
II X~xwsann az
l/ nhggl~e n bodbodeabr fo netnebro
II er4o fMga rc nQrgn e a nMie pl n
-- eiVrk n.olk eh a& ietee olr ie pue
krl.-Wdl itiue ndifrn onre ftewrd



Tiu n.op
ireawe-ide ndh n da ako oln i.Pr
I* so ofo
9.-%%eWtmem ak arkBeeme
ph ruspubjwnsI"
4*tmmm 0orsfrm Lcetidetrne uro i hebrko











Excavates small, radiating, curved galleries from a large central chamber in ti
iand branches of dying and felled Monterey pine, shore pine, western yeow p l
knobxone pine, Sitka spruce, and mountain or silver pine. Middle Calif
northern Washingtorin.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
14. The Sitka Spruce Twig-Beetle.
Pityophthoru nitidulus Mann. ....
Excavates three or four radiating galleries from a medium-sized central chamberc'^iir3l:::ll
in bark of Sitka spruce, silver pine, shore pine, and Douglas spruce. Califormnia t:
Alaska, coast and Cascade region. Common.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
16. The Jeffrey Pine Twig-Beetle. :.
Pityophthorus n. sp. ;l
Excavates small central chambers and long longitudinal galleries in living bark of:""=^^
twigs and branches on living, injured, dying, and recently felled Jeffrey pine aind .;i|
western yellow pine. Mount Shasta, California, to Albany, Oreg., and Moseuw. *ii
Mountains, Idaho.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work. i


16. The Smaller Fir Bark-Beetle.
Pityophthorus n. sp.


Excavates transverse galleries from a central chamber in the bar of dying lowland
fir and mountain or silver pine. Kootenai, Idaho.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
CASE 3.
17. The Mountain Pine Wood-Engraver.
Pityogenes n. sp.
Excavates large central chambers and numerous curved primary galleries in the
hark and surface of wood of injured, dying, and recently felled mountain or silver
pine and lowland fir. Kootenai, Idaho.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
18. The Yellow Pine Wood-Engraver
Pityogenes carinulatus Lec.
Excavates numerous radiating galleries from a large central chamber in living bark
aiid surface of wood of injured, dying, and recently felled western yellow pine and
Jeffrey pine. California to eastern Washington, western Idaho, and Colorado.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
19. The Western Fir Bark-Beetle.


Tomicus n. sp.


Excavates several radiating, curved, transverse galleries from a small central
chaimbier in the hark and surface of wood of injured, declining, or dying lowland fir,
and white fir. Mount Shasta, California, and Moscow Mountains, Idaho. Common.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
20. The Smaller Sugar Pine Tomicus.


. ... ....:..:




HM:

















AL "L
f IiiH


Tomins- latidens Lec.. ,.:
Excavates two or three longitudinal galleries from a small central chamber in liv- e
ing lark of branches of dying and recently felled sugar pine. Grants Pass, Oregon;
also California to Colorado.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work. ...




, or, -"-r -


73-

21. The Sitka Spruce Tomicus.
Tomicus concinnus Marm.
'Excavates irregular central ehamberff,, and three or four short curved galleries, *in
y living bark of injiired, dying, and recently- felled Monterey pine, shore iP1ne7
Sitka spruce. Coast region, -middle California to Alaska.
X]EHIBIT: Adult and work.
22. The Oregon Tornicus.
TOM"$' oregoni Eichh.
Exca-vates two or three longitudinal galleries from a small central chamber in the
bark of living, injured, dying, and recently felled western yellow pine, lodgepole
P,Ua, gidver pine, and probvCly other, pines. in, the: Northwest. Destructive io the
.,weotem yello,v pine in western Idaho.
AxAmT: Adult and work.
23. The WesternFive-Sphaed Tomicis-
Tomicus wnfumw Lee.
-Excavates one to thre6 long longiitudinal galleries from amedium-sized central
tl felled western yellow pine.
tjgmber in the living-bark of injured, dying, apd recen y
I&arit 8bwta, California- and Orants Paw, Oregon; also recorded from southern
0 a I and Arizona.
'UnmT: Adult and work.

24. The Silver I e Toinicus.
Tbmim3 n. sp.
"'Vates very, long, straight, longitudinal, and t curved galleries from a
'4 _geomtral chamber in the -bark of livingmijured, dying, and recently felled moun-
141 Or silver pine and sugar pine. Grants Pass Oregon, and Kootenai, Idaho.
,V()ajnm6n'sLnd evidently a destructive species.
14niun: Adult and work.
25. The Four-Spined Toraicuusii_
Tomiew -integer Eicbh.
several k)ngitudinal primary' galleries from a large central chamber in
bark of tern--Vol low,- pine and lodgepole Dine. 'Easbern Washington; also
fibbi Cabiornfa, Wmhington, and Colorado'.
irr: Adult and woA.
CAS]41 5.
120; Thel Sugar Fine Wood-Engrave.r.
cwphobow n. sp.
f
410 lbng evrvec lofigitudinal galleries in the surfiwe of the wood
mn#W -chamber in injured or dying sugar pine, western yellow pine,
net "d Sitka, sprum Grants Pass, St Helen, and Ahlers, Oregon;
Wid4to CallU
xutwr: Adult and work.
97., The VF"tom Qedar Bark-Reetle.
PhkoshoopuOddaw Lec.
Angl -1 'tuiliml'or- euried Pubtraneverse gallery from a
Mri rt the Uypl- 04v otwood 4,101red d and recently
10bo -edi
andkort Qrford c %r. California to northern
WkJ tvgion. CommorL




4&g and dead bark of dfta and, fellixt

















80. The Western Pine-Deutroyer.
Dendroctonus brevicomis Lee. "
Excavates long, winding galleries through the bark of living and i"red wsueda1!!!!a
yellow pine and sugar pine. Cascade and Rocky Mountain region, New Mexiwtm u >lB
british Columbia. Closely allied with the destructive pine bark-beetle of the fit u-
and capable of great destruction of the largest and best timber.
EXHIBIT: A4ult and work. .........
CASE 8. : ..E
31. The Dark-Red Turpentine-Beetle.
Dendroconw ens Lee. j. .
The largest North American bark-beetle. Excavates very broad and long priSinr
galleries, the broods developing in broad side chambers in the bark of living, i"auuutmil',:.1
dying, and recently felled western yellow pine, lodgepole pine, and doubtlesm mat :ri
of the other western pines. California to British Columbia and eastward to K1 its1 ::iii.i
and northern Michigan. A variety extends into the eastern United States. Cobia.fnoi !..
and injurious, but not necessarily destructive to living timber. 'J!
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.. I
32. The Mountain Pine Dendrocto.nus. .
Dendrotonus n. op. .:,. '.,
A medium-sized black bark-beetle, excavating very long, winding galleries in t ...e...
bark of living, injured or declining, and recently felled mountain or silver pinmef m id
sugar pine. Northern California to Washington eastward to Idaho and Moutsal.. ..
Very common and capable of great destruction of the best timber.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work. :,,
CASES 9 AND 10. ....
" :.. ll| !
33. The Douglas Spruce Dendroctonus. ........ ::::'...
Dendrodonus n. sp.
(Dendroctonus similis in Bul. 21, n. s., Division of Entomology. ..i.
A large, reddish bark-beetle, excavating long longitudinal, slightly curved pn_ Mr' ;;ii
galleries in the bark of living, injured, and recently felled Douglas spruce and wO::.::!i
em larch. New Mexico to British Columbia, Pacific coast and eastward through'.l::
mountain regions. Very common and capable of destroying much valuable tmlmw...:::,::|
EXHIBIT: Adult and work. :.:::!... ...ii
CASE 10. 'ii
84. The Western Pine Hylurgope. ..
Hylurgops subcotulatus Mann. I|i
: .:iiiiiiij
Excavates short, slightly curved, longitudinal galleries in the living ba 6rk1'
injured, dying, and recently felled sugar pine, silver pine, western ye ow pi:...:i"
lodgepole pine, and probably other pines on the Pacific coast Cascade mand IRoikyNr
Mountain region. Common.
EXHIBIT. Vdltand work.
835. The Sita Spruce Hylurgops.
Hylurgop rugipennis Mann. .
Excavates a short, curved, longitudinal and subtransverse gallery from an es
in the living bark of injured, dying, and recently felled Sitka spruce and shoem p"&<
(Oat region, California to Washington and Alaska.
EXHIBITm: Adult and work.




47-

76

CASlffi YL
36, The Fir Wbod-Xngraver-
Hyk*m n. op.
a mnaR central chamber at one fride of' the juneflon of two short tmns-
slightly curved ea galleries, which am deeply grooved M' the mrface of the
the larv,2e also groove or engrave the surface of the wood iii an ornamental
Infests the lowland fir'and Pouglm spruce. Port William and Pqrt.
Wash. Common.
Adult mid work-,
The 14wger Fir-Tree Bark-Beetle.
Itylasi2m granulatus TA3r-
-]Rimvstwow or two Uumverse goffieries from a- ceoUul borrow in the bark and
of wood, near the base of dying lowland.-fir. Port Williams, Wash.; also
k.*1tv00v4od fioim Chliforni&
+ txi:: Adult and work.-.
38, The Grand Fir
Hykainw n. _np.
*r" two separated galleries from a cientral. entrance burrow in the
*d Mrbw of wood of recently felled lowland, or grand, fir. Port Angeles and
"W Wash.
Work.
89, ffte ftbre Pine RyIvWnus.
Hyksinw xfficew Xmn-
40mUs one short, longitudiual g _ry from the entrance burrow and small side
k living bark of M*Jured, d recently felled shore Pine.' Newport and
CWer. Common. Also = ;= 9. 0aiforni. and Alaska.
A-dult and work,
40. Mxe Ash-T*%eeBark-Beet1e.
*64w &%katw Say-
two IoM transverae p4exijm4 froilk a central entrance burrow and side
,4 The jio4g -bw* of injured d J and recently felled ash. Atlantic to
00A. VAMMOW SpMmens from Oregon aish, St Helen, Oreg.
144 *04 L
4 1- The Vftite-Ald4ir Bark-Beetle.
W4 Hoexbm awa-iffluix Lee-
It-jM400W lwmg, JoaetxW$W4 gallery from a basal entrance borrow
d 'a"d-1,6cently fellzd white alder. Newport,
rot Wadx.; aim recorded from 0alifornia. A
tbedwth of Urge breeL


kw IL OP"
g4ariw, bvw,.* ountral borrow in bark and sur-
V* 90 Iq yvboWy Sq0* wedern hemlock, causbW gum
LxprowweAheAeMh of the beat tim

Srift



a qotml entrance burrow
N err oommon-










&colytsu unispinows Lee.
Excavates two short, straight, longitudinal galleries from an entrance burrow in4.i
living bark of injured, dying, and recently felled Douglas spruce and western .............
Pacific coast, Cascade and Rocky Mountain region. Common.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work. I
45. The Fir-Branch Scolytus.
Scolytu n. sp.
Excavates two short, longitudinal galleries from a central burrow and side cavity
in living bark of the branches of recently felled lowland fir. Cascade Mountains
near Grants Pass, Oregon.
EXHIBIT: Work.
46. The Smaller Fir-Tree Scolytus..
/^af ia f ~ "::'":r::
&olytus n. sp. ::
Excavates two transverse or oblique, slightly curved galleries from a central i
entrance burrow and side cavity in the bark and surface of wood of injured and
dying lowland fir. Kootenai, Idaho. :
EXHIBIT: Adult and work. :ii
CASTE 13. Y A.:
**.. '*: *.E.
47. The California White Fir Scolytus.
Scolytus pr e s Lec. nl
Excavates two nearly straight, transverse galleries from a central entrance burrow : ill
and basal cavity in living bark and surface of wood of California white fir. Mount
Shasta, California, and lowland fir, Sand Point, Idaho. Closely allied in character ?
and habits to No. 48.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
48. The Fir Tree Destroyer. I
Scolytus subscaber Lee. aj
Excavates two long, nearly straight, transverse galleries from a central entrance AW
burrow and central or side cavity in bark of living, injured, and declining lowland
fir, white fir, and doubtless other species of fir. California to British Columbia, east- '{
ern Washington, and western and northern Idaho. The healed-over wounds in ....:..
living trees cause serious defects and rapid decay of the heartwood.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work. "
BARK AND WOOD-BORING GRUBS. ORDER COLEOPTERA, FAMI ..|...
LIES BUPBESTID2S AND CERAMBYCIDE. |
CASE 14 AND PART OF CASE 15. i
49. The Douglas Spruce Bark-Borer. ...
Asemum nitidum Lee. m* j|
A round-headed bark-boring grub, boring transverse and winding galleries in th ii :i
bark of living, injured, and declining Douglas spruce and western hemlock. Cascade iIII
Mountains, near Detroit, Oreg., St. Helen, (Oreg., and Port Williams, Wash. A very i;
common and destructive enemy of the Douglas spruce. The healed-over wounds ,i :,|
the wood cause serious defects, and the trees die from successive attacks.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
50. The White-Pine Sawyer.
Monohammus swutelltfus Say.
A large, whitish, round-headed bark and wood boring grub, excavating burrows
through the sapwood and deep into the heartwood of fire-scorched, declining, dying,
dead, and recently felled mountain or silver pine. Kootenai, Idaho, and white pine].:.
in Eastern and northern United States. Common and destructive.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.






77

51. The Ponderous Sawyer. 4A
Ergaks qicaWus Lec-
An-exceedingly, Urge, rou d-headed, bark and wood boring grub, excavating large
i) burrows in the sapwood and heartwood of dead and felled western yeljow
_-piaier, destructive to the wood of timber that has -been dead or felled one or more
Southern Orejon.
-Rrr: Adult, and *ork.
52. The WeaWrix Cedar Bark-Borer.
HyWmpes ayndhystinm Lic.
dium-siz-ed bark and.. wood boring grub, excavating long, winding b in
tht- living bark and surface of the wooil 'and borifig into the sapwood of. injured,
dying, and rexently felled giant arborvitm and incense cedar. Northern California*
W
Rxnmrk: Work.
50' ,,The Bronze Birch-30reir.
Agrilus annus Gory.
A long, 11at-headed, slender wood-borig grub, excavating long, winding burrows
io the Urk and surfade of the wood of living and injured birch, aspen, and cotton-
wood trem in northern Idaho, northern Maine, and mountains of West Virginia;
also recorded from northern Michigan, Now York Pennsylvania, Virginia, Quebec,
wtd Ontario. A destructive enemy of the bire.hes, aspen, qad cottonwood.
EftAmT:,Adult and work.
BY GALL =SECTS. ORDER lixM.ENOPTIRRA.
]R&Ur 01F CASm 15.
54. 'Bird's-eye Pine.

A eommon condition- of the. wood of the wesWrn yellow pine, evidently caused by
a minute four-winged gnat, frauments of which were found in pitch galls in the bark
of the, main stem of young livinig pine. The formation of corky wood cells around
4"'accumulation of pitch in the wound jproduces in the subsequent layers of wood
t.16wzivy and so-mlled bird'"Ye effoct in the wood. of larg;er trees. Insects found in
Specimen of wood from Grants-Pass, Oreg.

55. The Oak-Tvvig Ormyrus.
Ormym sp.
A minate four.-Mlawd gnat breeding in small gall-like cavities in the liviig bark
04 the branches and twigs of the Pacific post oak in western Oregon, causing the
aptl JarM oak trees to present a dying appearance, dueto the great number of
UV U6 and dead leaves. The healed-over wounds produce deformed branches
dt'IcW, wood-
Exalp": Work-
BY BARK AND WOOD-BORING -GRUBB.' ORDER COLEOP-
TZMAI, AMILY EUPRESTID29.

56. The Western Hemlock Bark-Borer.:
Mda*ophila drummondi Kirby.
ium-sized, flat-headed bark-borin grub, e ti shallow, winding bur-
x' _aftl recently felled western
the inner, layers niateal
of bark of living, i 1(c
m1plek sitil Douglas spruce; Wifornia to northern and.eastern cshington and
14h,01 I and in the noble fir ne;ir Dbtroit Oreg., A vry common and
memy kilfi the large$t and best trees, or causing serious gum spot
An wobid'6f 0 olleft
4dult and W
























grubs mine through the inner bark and enter the pith to change to the adult, ki:*li.I "--'.f
the twigs and causing a deformed development of the tree. St. Helen, Oreg.
O rig. ~.. ...........+"
EXHIBIT: Work. .:::
59. The Pine Fungus-Gall Weevil.
Curculionid.
A small snout-beetle breeding in the bark and wood of a common fungus gatll ea
the shore pine and western yellow pine, causing the death of the branches and yoma|,,+|
trees. Newport, Oreg., and Moscow Mountains,. Idaho. i
EXHIBIT: Work. .. .-;'
INJURY TO DEAD WOOD AND BARK BY POWDER-POST BEETLES.
ORDER COLEOPTERA, FAMILY PTINIDJ.
PART OF CASE 17. .......
60. The Pine Wood Perforator. :<
Plinid I
.: . ... i:.:,+:+:t!' !!
Small white grubs burrow through the dead wood of western yellow pine loge cls-:: ::
ing rapid decay. Grants Pass, Oreg. :!i
EXHIBIT: Work.
61. The Giant Arborvitae Ptinid.
Plinid.
Small white grubs -boring in the dead heartwood of living giant arborvitse, oeo t'
tributing to the rapid decay of the heartwood. Port Angeles, Wash.
EXHIBIT: Work.
62. The Giant Arborvitse Dryophilus.
Dryophildu sp. Y'
,': ..:" l',i:::::m. dt lttti
A small whitish grub and brownish beetle, breeding in the outer bark of the jg +il
arborvite. Its work is very common. Detroit, Oreg., and Port Angeles, Was.il
"Represents a European family and genus heretofore unrecorded from Nort h
America." (Schwarz.) *1.....
EXHIBIT: Work.
INJURY TO TWIGS BY BARK XAGGOTS. ORDER DIPTEA, .
FAMILY CECIDOMY'IDE.
PART OF CASE 17. -.1
68. The Pine Twig-Xaggot.
Cecidomyiid. -::

Minute reddish maggot, living in the bark of terminal twigs of the western yellow'
pine, causing the leaves to turn yellow and die. Moscow Mountains, Idahof|
(Conn mon.
ExIIHlT: Work.







79

BY GAI.T.6 03WIM& F, RK EPTIMA FAMCMY..
2R.


(W The gifts Spruce GaU-ApkuiL


4, matininte inaMt forming cone4ike galls on the terminal twigs of the 13itka spruce
#ewpolt, Oreg. Very OumnWn anci injurious to Young &W!OL
Wor1L
The lIngelmmumn Spruce G&U-AphijL
Chamm siW-imu I var.
W probably variety or different specie& Common on Fhgel-
um at 19und Point, Idaho.
ark,

BY CWADA. 1DRDER A 11 NEEPTIMA. FAMEMY


66. Small Wester3il
(Sedda Op.
Dougim spruce, 8L H
and worlL

WX BY OIBLDIM TS FANCILY



67. The Pine Twig-Itiner.
Tortrici&
of- a moth with 4milar habits to that of the yine moth of Nantucket.,
burrows throcO Ote pith phm cow htcuntat* Idaho, where it was common and- quite


o
STIMN SUTES,

AND TW [G-BXBTLBS. ORDER COLEOPTMLA,,
A


inr Oryphalus.
14
d* chambers to one fdde of the entrance bur--
lleries iadiafing in all dircefions
W Oe xw*x* of the iobd'4if the bramheR of dying'and dead
Im and Rump Mountain Maine.



'06
$W4, ba* ajid mr(ace of wo(A; the
pog and dead ktd
.0,10Uke and twor Portland,





























Pityophthorus n. sp. ;
Excavates a large central chamber and several curved galleries in the bark a
deeply grooved in the surface of the wood of small branches of felled red spri
Shores of Barkers Lake, Maine, and West Virginia.
EXHIBIT: Work. :
74. The Spruce Wood-Engraver.
Pityophthorus cariniceps Lee.
Excavates many short, radiating, curved galleries from a large central chambqir'
the bark and surface of the wood of twigs and branches of dying trees and muipsic
of young dying red spruce. Western Maine to Morgantown,W. Va., and "DOtr
Mich. "'
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
75. The Black Spruce Wood-Engraver. ,
Pityophthorus n. sp. .
Excavates short longitudinal galleries from the entrance burrow in the barkm '
surface of wood of small dying black spruce. Shores of Parmacheene Lake, nee
western Maine; Peakes Island, in Casco Bay, Maine, and Adirondacks, New YO
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
76. The White Pine Wood-Engraver. -;g
Pityogenes n. sp.,
Excavates numerous short, radiating, curved egg galleries from a large eottA
chamber in the bark and surface of wood of large and small branches and iSo
(lying white pine. Northern Maine to West Virginia. Common. Heretofore t
ognized as Pityophthoru sparsus Lee.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
CASE 20.
77. The Small Bed Spruce Bark-Beetle.
Dryocwles n. sp.
Excavates three or four short, curved galleries from a small central cavity in 1t
bark and surface of the wood of injured, dying, and recently felled red, white, sa
black spruce, Maine to northern. New York, and the red spruce in the mountains :
West Virginia. Common.
ExHIBIT: Adult and work.




18
78IhtAe~=S~c akete
irot m sp
shrt rrgu alere i teliig ar f njrddyn, n~eenl
i htxdIlr pue-nMie pueadpn nWs igna
'arm odpni koe ieyden u nErp n atr ot
Adl adwok
7i h ic Br-ete
Dro1t p
s| reua ~lrmi h ako iig nueaddigbrh
Vi|ionan fWs igna omn ne aoal
cb h et o uete
AdlIn ok
80. he alm FirBar-Betle
'Tomew al!---Lee



Toio n. p
W'ellw aitnlniuia eggleisfo ag eta
fi h iigbr frcnl ele ht pue er apCrbu
Mane
.-dl n ok
62 i uzna ois
--dc p













lateral cavity in the living bark of branches of dying and recently felled
Northwestern Maine and Peak's Island, near Portland, Me.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
CASE 22.
88. The Xinute Spruce Bark-Beetle.
Orypturgus atomu. Lee.U
Enters the galleries of other bark-beetles, from which it excavates numerous iV= ll
small, irregular galleries through the inner bark of dying and dead black aud:l7
spruce and white pine. Northwestern Maine.
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
...F ..,.s ,i""::"^'!!!!!?
89. The Spruce-Destroying Beetle.
Dendroctonus piceperda Hopk. .:"I
Excavatep long, longitudinal egg galleries from a basal entrance burrow in hIM
bark, and grooving the wood of living and injured red and white spruce trees. Ve::y,..'!
destructive to the largest and best timber. Northern Maine to New York and N6.
Brunswick. This is the great enemy of the red and white spruce of the northeastti aI
spruce region, having caused the death and loss of a vast amount of timber. F
methods of preventing losses, see Bulletin 28, n. s., Division of Entomology, U. K.':...i.iij..
Department of Agriculture. ,]
EXHIBIT: Adult and work. ,
.. :::
ENEMIES OP BARK-BEETLES. BIRDS AND INSECTS.
"" "iii ,.
.. ...... .::: ::::
PART OF CASE 23. :
.. ." ......3
90. Work of woodpeckers in spruce bark, when infested with the spnr i:ue |
destroying beetle... .... .
These birds are exceedingly beneficial in destroying the greatest enemy of th.e
spruce....... i
EXHIBIT: Work. !
.. .. .:...i:::::
91. The Cloudy Bark-Beetle Destroyer. .
Thanasimus nubilus K1. ::
The adults feed on the adults of the spruce-destroying and other bark-beetIep i
and its young or larvae prey upon their developing broods. Very beneficial. The.
specimen of bark shows the pupa case of the Clerid in an egg gallery of the spruce-
destroying beetle.,
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.
92. Polyporus volvatus Peck. .
A fungus growing from entrance and exit burrows of the sprunpe-destroying beete |l
in the bark and the spruce-timber beetle in the wood, and from those of other ba t.
and wood boring insects in dying and recently dead spruce trees killed by the spree-
destroying beetle in the Northeast and the fir-destroying Scolytus in the Northw= i
The presence of this fungus usually indicates the destructive work of insects, i.lii
EXHIBIT: Work.. .:a
. i
98. Parasitic Enemy of the Spruce-Destroying Beetle. ...i
Bracon simplex Cress. 4''iii

The adult deposits eggs in the bark with the developing brood of the bark-beetir;.'-:,
the young maggot-like larvae feed upon and kill the young. Very common and bone-ii.:."|
ticial. Maine to West V irginia. Also attacks numerous other bark-infestig inec.g te_.J.
The bark specimen shows the cocoon in which the matured larva develops to t
adult. adwr
EXHIBIT: Adult and work.




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Larvam defoliate pine in the Pacific States.
EXHIlBIT: Adults.
105. The Locust Leaf Folder.
Epargyreus (Eudamus) lityrus Fab.
Larve on locust.
EXHIBIT: Adults, larva, pupa, cocoon.
106. The Walnut Sphinx.
Cressonia juglandis S. & A.
Larvme on hickory and walnut.
EXHIBIT: Adults.
107. The Pine Sphinx.
Lapara coniferarumn S. & A.
Larvse on pine in the Eastern States.
EXHIBIT: Adults, larva.
108. The Catalpa Sphinx.
Ceratomia catalpe Bd.
The larvae feed upon and frequently defoliate catalpa wherever this tree is nat
EXHIBIT: Adult, larva.
109. The Wavy Ash Sphinx.
Ceratomia undulosa Walk.
Larvae on ash.
EXHIBIT: Adult, larva.
110. The Ash Sphinx.
Sphinx (Hyloicys) kalmite S. & A.
Larvae on ash in the Eastern States.
EXHIBIT: Adult.
CASE 26.
111. The Four-Homrned Sphinx.
Ceratomia amyntdr Hbn.
Larvae on elm.
EXHIBIT: Adults, larva.
112. The Western Cottonwood Sphinx.
Pachysphinx modelsta var. occidentalis Hy. Edw.
Larvae on cottonwood in the Western States.
EXHIBIT: Adult.


118. The Polyphemus Moth. .
Telea polyphemue Cram. i
The large green larvae occur on maple, oak, birch, and a variety of other forei::S
trees. ..
EXHIBIT: Adult. I


.. "a ; E':E
**ii..:!!,

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: .:!*!.
.: :||i~






85

JUL4. The Hickory Homed Devil.
Citheronia re#dis Hbu.
,.-Iarvm on hickory and walnut.
-EXHIBIT: Adults, hu-va. 115. The Luperial Xoth.

Baoilow inTeria& Dru-
The larvoe feed upon ine and many. other species of coniferous and deciduous
L4 trees
Examrr: Adults, 1arv&,1puFe.
116. T13Le orange-Striped Oak Worm.
Anij wwforia Rfibu.
The larvoe defoliate oak in the Eastern Statesi.
Exiixt=: Adults, hLrvw, pupm.
GL&SIM 27.
-117. The Spiny Oak Worm
Anisda stigma -Ubn-
Larvw in large colonies on oak,'sometimes defoliating trees. Eastern States.
14nom: Adults, larwe, papme.
118. The Greeai-Striped Xaple Wowm.
Animia mbicunda Fab.
Urm in colonies on maple, sometimes defoliating trees. Eastern States.
Pxninrr: Adults, eggs, hurvae. papoe-
111). The Buck Xoth.
Hemilmm maia.Dru.
The black spiny larvw feed in colonies on oak. F-wtern. States.
19%,nam- Adults.
120. The Palo Tussock Caterpillar.
Halisidota fewellaris Harr.
The pale-yell'04-0 black tufted larvw feed -on elm sycamore, maple, walnut, oak, etc.
.]KxniMT: Adults.
12 1. The Pine Tussock Ca"War.
AUschaugia argenkda Plack.
The lsrvw feed int colonies on pine, cedar, Douglas spruce, etc. Northweztern
lgxniwT-. Adults, pupm, cocoon, work.
122. The Hickory, Tussock CaterpMar.
Halisidota caryk Harr,
The white wooly caterpillars, tufted with black, feed in' large colonies on hickory,
vWout,, elm, and other forest trees, sometimes becoming very destructive. Fjotern
19tuon: Adults, cocoons.
128. The Oak Tussock CUUTPMar-
HaWota macukda Harr.
The or =-- P and blwk tufted hwm on oak, elm, alder, etc. Northern States.
Exi namr; Adults.















Apatda americana Harr.
......+, ,+ + +, .
The larvae occur on maple, elm, and a variety of other forest trees.
EXHIBIT: Adults, larva.
126. The Smeared Dagger-Xoth.
Apatela oblinila S. & A.
Larvae occur on nearly all varieties of deciduous trees.
EXHIBIT: Adults, larvae. *...:.. ....
CASE 28.
127. The Underwing Moths. ;:ll
Genus Catocala. ..'1
The large gray larvae of these moths, of which there are many species in the United
States, are nocturnal in habit, and conceal themselves during the day in the creviee '
of the bark on tree trunks and limbs. They devour the foliage of oak, hickory, wa.. *I.!
nut, poplar, birch, and other species of forest trees.
EXHIBIT: Adults of the following species: Catocala retecta Grote, Catocala *d .a:.:
S. & A., Catocala obscura Strk, Catocala cerogama Guen., Catocala unijuga Walk., Mth- *i
cala concumbens Walk., Catocala cara Guen.
128. The Semi-Looping Maple Worm. .
:: "^ '"ii:: :: *!!;:
Homoptera lunata Dru. ':i
The slender green larvae occur on maple, willow, etc. -iii
EXHIBIT: Adults, larva, pupa.
129. The California Phryganidia. ..
Phryganidia californica Pack.
Larvae on oak, sometimes defoliating trees in California.. l
ExHIBIT: Adults, larvae. d
180. The Poplar Tent-Maker. .
Mfelalopha inclusa Hiibn..
Larvae construct small tents on aspen, cottonwood, and willow. Eastern States. '
EXHIBIT: Adults, larva.
131. The Black Hickory Caterpillar. ..:,,ii|.
Datana integerrima G. & R.. S
Larvae in colonies on hickory and walnut, sometimes defoliating the trees. .Fat"
ern States.
'ExaInxT: Adult, larva, pupse. .3
182. The Yellow-Necked Apple-Tree Caterpillar. ;
Datana ministra Dru. "
Larvae in colonies on birch, oak; and other forest trees, as well as on apple. East-'.
ern States.
ExaIBIrrT: Adults, eggs, larvae, pupa.
188. The Striped Hickory Caterpillar.
Datana anguii G. & R.
Larvae in colonies on hickory and oak. Eastern States.
EXHIBIT: Adults.






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Larvae principally destructive to fruit trees, but also to wild cherry and a feyw"
other forest trees in the Eastern States. :
EXHIBIT: Adults, eggs.
146. The Bocky Mountain Tent-Caterpillar. i
Malacosoma (Clisiocampa) fragilis Stretch..... :
Larvre feed on deciduous forest trees generally, and are at times very destructive .,m d
Rocky Mountain States.
EXHIBIT: Adults, eggs, larvae.:::
147. The Northwestern Tent-Caterpillar. :
Malacosom-a (Clisiocampa) plucialis Dyar. "i
Larvfe on most species of deciduous forest trees in the Northwestern States. !
EXHIBIT: Adults, larva, cocoon. ii
148. The Californian Tent-Caterpillar. '
Malacosoma (Clisiocampa) californica Pack. iiii
Larve on oak in California.
EXHIBIrT: Adults, larva. ::!:
149. The Spring Canker-Worm. ::
Paleacrita vernata Harr. "
The larvae feed upon the surface of the leaves of various forest and shade tress,
especially upon elm in the Eastern States. :
EXHIBIT: Adults, pupa. =
CASE 30.
160. The Cherry-Leaf Webworm.,...
Calocalpe undulata Linn.
The larvae live in webs on the terminal shoots of black cherry.
EXHIBIT: Adults, work. :..
151. The Western Oak Span-Worm.
Therina somniaria Hulst.
The larvw occur on oak in the Northwestern States, sometimes defoliating trees. i
EXHIBIT: Adults, pupae. "
152. The Large Forest Span-Worm.
Sabulodes tranversata Dru.:::
Larvme occur on maple, poplar, oak, etc. .;l.
EXHIBIT: Adults, larva. :l
153. The Crinkly Flannel Moth.
Lagoa crispata Pack. "
The larvae, which somewhat resemble tlhe slug caterpillars, feed upon oak, poplar, ii
and a variety of other deciduous trees.
EXHIBIT: Adults.
'** z iiiii











iLarne live in colonies on oak, sheltered by a web inclosing leaves ano a mass ol
excrement.
EXnRIBIT: Adults.
155. The Slug Caterpillars.
Family Cochlidiide.
S Thebse bright-colored slug-like larvae feed very generally on foliage of most decidu-
II* ous trees.
lir EXHIBIT: the following species: Sibine stimulea Clem., adults, larva, cocooh; Euclea
II: ddephinii Bd., adult; Euclea indetermina Bd., adult.

THE FALSE CATERPILLARS OR SAWFLlES. FAMILY TENTHRE-
DINIDS.
i PART- OF CASE 30.
S156. Abbot's White-Pine Sawfly.
li::: ophyrus abbotii Leach.
This species, together with several closely allied forms, is at times very destructive
to pine.
I' EXHIBIT: Adults, larvae, cocoons.

i 157. The Larch Sawfly.-
i" Nematus erichsonii Hartig.
S One of the most destructive forest insects; the larvae at various times past entirely
+i: defoliated the larch throughout the Northeastern States and caused the death of a
I large proportion of the trees.
ILl"' EXHIBIT: Adults.
| 158. The Large American Sawfly.
(limber americana Leach.
larvae destroy foliage of elm, willow, poplar, and linden.
EXHIBIT: Adult.
XIi. ISCELLANEOUS FOLIAGE INSECTS.
... 3E'PALRT OF CASE 30.

159. The Common Walking Stick.
3 Diapheromera femorata Say.
L Young and adults devour foliage of deciduous forest trees.
ExHIrT: Adult.
:: 160. Katydid.
f Microcentrum lauvifolium Linn.

Young and adults feed on foliage of trees.
|ii|: EXHIBITe: Adult, eggs.
iLEAF-BEETLES. FAMILY SCARABRSD, .
1PA-T O F CA.SI 31.
161. The Rhinoceros Beetle.
Dynastes tit Linn.
Iarvae mine in decaying stumps; adults destroy foliage of ash.
EXHIBI: Adults.
162. The Goldsmith Beetle.'
Jotalpa lanigera Linn.

.. Adults on oik, poplar, and other deciduous trees, sometimes defoliating them.
...x..i.s: Adults.

i .... -

























nmow iarvie ana aauis ieea on ionlage oi01 poplar ana wmow, ana are al uma 'wrfj
destructive to these trees. An especial enemy of the osier willow industry. .';.:
EXHIBIT: Adults, pupae. ""..
166. The Spotted Willow Leaf-Beetle.
Melasom lapponica Li.nn.
Habits similar to the aoove, but less abundant and injurious.
EXHIBIT: Adults. ':'
INJURING THE FRUIT. "

THE WEEVILS. FAMILY CURCULIONIDM. .::i
.. h
PART OF CASE 31. .*i
.. ........ .. ::.:.....
167. The Nut Weevils.. '
Genus Balaninus.. -"
There are numerous species, the larvae of which live within acorns and nuitsat.i'o'
various sorts. '.
EXHIBIT: Adults of the following species: Balaninus nasicus Say, Barlanim .a ..ii
Horn, Balaninus quercus Horn. : <
168. The Walnut Fruit Weevil...... .
Conotrachielus juglandis Lee.. :: ii
The larvae live in green fruit of walnut.
EXHIBITS: Adults. :
CONE AND NUT WORMS. ORDER LEPIDOPTERA.
PART Or CASE 31.
^:: :E;:Eiia
169. The Hickory Husk-Worm.
Grapholilha caryana Fitch. ::,N
The larvae live within the immature nuts and husks of the hickory and pecan. ,:i
EXHIBIT: Adults, work. .i...
170. The Spruce Cone-Wornm. ". .......
Dioryctia reniculeUa Gr&L
Larvie attack cones of spruce.
EXHIBIT: Adult, work.
171. The Southern Pine Cone-Worm.
An insect closely allied 'to the spruce cone-worm which attacks the cone of t,
Southern longleaf pine. 7 ::,
EXHIBIT: Work. dl






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The adult girdles the twigs of oak, hickory, persimmon, and other treesmetia li
so extensively as to cause serious injury.
EXHIBIT: Adults, work, figure. ..
... ": .. : '..:: .. .: ::
INJURING THE INNER BARK AND SAPWOOD. M:,
THE BARK WEEVILS. FAMILY CURICULION f.XD .
CASEl 33.
180. The Cypress Weevil.
Eudocimus mannerheimii Boh. M
The adults feed on the bark of bald cypress twigs, causing their death, and the ..::..i,
larvae mine the inner bark of injured and recently felled trees. Southern States. :i
EXHIBIT: Adult, larva, work.
181. The Pales Weevil. ;
Hylobius pales Hbst. :;
The larvae bore into the inner bark of stumps and roots of recently felled, dying, ,:
and injured pine. Eastern States. :
EXHIBInT: Adults. .
182. The Pitch-Eating Weevil.
Pachylobius pidcivorus Germ. i
Has habits similar to the pales weevil. Eastern States. *'
EXHIBIT: Adults. :|
183. The Walnut Weevil. :$
Cryptorhynchus parOochus Hbst.
The larvae mine the inner bark and sapwood of weakened and recently dead walnut. .
EXHIBIT: Adults, work. 3
184. The Fir Weevil.
Pissodes dubius Rand. :
The larvae mine the inner bark of balsam fir, hastening the death of injured trees. .::
Northeastern States.
EXHIBIT: Adults, larvae, work. ...

THE ROUND-HEADED BORERS. FAMILY CERAMBYCIDm J|
CASE 34.. "
185. The White-Pine Sawyer.
Monohammus sculellatus Say. :
Larvae mine the inner bark and bore deep into the sapwood of white and silver i
pine, hastening the death of dying trees and injuring saw logs..
EXHIBIT: Adults, work. .*..j.
186. The Common Pine Sawyer.
Monohammus confusor Kirby. i
The larvae mine the inner bark and bore large holes into the eapwood of dying :|
trees and saw logs of pine and spruce. :|
EXHIBIT: Adults, larva. ...
187. The Ponderous Pine-Borer.
Ergates spiculaitu Lec.
Larvre bore in dead pine logs, injuring them for timber. Northwestern States.
EXHIBIT: Adults, larva, work.






93

188. The Knob-Horned-Pine-Borer.
Acanthocinus mx1mus Fib..
4,Tho hwvm mine the inner bark of PM1e stumps and law logs.
"JXMEIT: Adults.
189. The Obsolete Pine-Borer.
Acwdkoctnus obwIdus 01.
TIw larvm mine the inner lark of freshly killed pinm
E"uaiT: Adults.
19a. The Small, Pine Bark-Borer.
Cratogrqphis pusWus Kirby.
I.Aarvve mine the inner bark of dead and dying iplnlew
Vxamm- Adults.
191. The Lesser Fine-Bo.rer.
Ammum mwdum HaId.
f. tw-m bore into-sapw(;6d of dead pine and spruce logs and stumps. !astern
Ixtxmrr: Adults.

192. TbLe Poplap-Berer.
Saperda cakardta Say.
Low bore in trunks of living aspen, cottonwood, and willow, causing great
-46 -
Wraefion to these trees-
E"iurr: AdultB, work.
193. The Common Elm-Tree Borer.
Saperda tridentata 01.
i#
The larwe mine the bark and sapwood. of dead, dying, and healthy elm, often
hig guat, destmetion-
omxT, Adults, work,
194. The Poplar Girdler.
Saperda concolor Lee.
TA"W mine in green bark of aspen and cottonwood saplings, girdling the trunks
ng large -swellingB; also attack willow,
Adults, vork.
195. The Sugur-Xaple Borer.
PkW"ugux 4xdoms Say.
JAMO mine the inner bark and sapwood of recently dead, dying, and living
often cansing the death of weakened trees.
Einwrn Adult&
196. The Locust Borer.
C(Uenerobi7 ForsL
AArvm mine the wood and bark of living locust, causing great damage and destruc-
.T Adults, work.
197. The Lbiden Borer.
Saperda vedita Say. I
*bw the inner bark and bore into the trunk of linden, causing much injury.
AduuE6 work.






































Larvae mine the inner bark and sapwood of living hickory and oak.
EXHIBIT: Adults.
203. The White-Lined Cypress Borer.
Physocnemum andrewe Hald.
LarvEe mine the inner bark and outer sapwood of bald cypress logs.
States.
EXHIBIT: Adults, larva, work.
204. The Common Hickory Borer.
Saperda discoidea Fab.


." E:...:..... "
... ". *" ":ii.B
.. ,,i
. ...< .


I!
*1~


Larvie mine the inner bark of injured, dying, and recently dead hickory.
EXHIBIT: Adults.
805. The Blue-Winged Walnut Borer.

aurotes cyanipennis Say.
Larvm infest walnut.
EXHIBIT: Adults.
206. The Lichen-like Beetle.
Leplostylus acudiferus Say.
Larvae mine the inner bark of dying and dead tulip-tree (Liriodendro).
EXHIBIT: Adults.


207. The Ash-Colored Xulberry Borer. :
Hetcmia cinerea 01. :::::
Adults feed on the foliage and larvae mine the green bark and sapwood of dyil
and injured mulberry. ,,
EXHIBIT: Adults. I
208. The Painted Hickory Borer.
Cyllene pietz Drn.. :::
rLarvw bore in the trunks of dead, dying, and sometimes healthy hickory trse. y
!'AlMBIT: Adult.-.
*X





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maple, ash, hickory, sweet gum, bald cypress, etc.
EXHIBIT: AdOlts.
223. The Ribbed Pine Borer.
I1
Rhagium lineatun 01.
Larvae mine the inner bark of dying and dead pine, spruce, and some other -oiomt
EXHIBIT: Adults, larvae, pupa, work.
224. The Black-Horned Pine Borer. ..
CaUllidium antennalum Newm ....il
Larvae mine inner bark and wood of dying and dead pine, cedar, etc.
EXHIBIT: Adults, work. ;
225. The Four-Marked Ash Borer.
Eburia quadrigeminata Say. ,
Larvae infest ash and hickory.
EXHIBIT: Adults. :f
226. The Cedar Borer. j
Hylotrupee ligneus Fab. I
Larvae mine inner bark and sapwood of white cedar, causing the death of the'tmeill
EXHIBIT: Adults, larvae, pupa, work.
227. The Banded Urographis.
Urographis fascialus Horn.
The larvae mine the inner bark of (lead oak, maple, chestnut, sweet gum, bei
walnut, sourwood, dogwood, and probably nearly all deciduous trees.
States.
EXHIBIT: Adults.
228. The Rustic Borer.
Xylotrechis colonus Fab.
Larvae mine the inner bark and sapwood of recently cut or dying oak, ebmi
hickory, maple, and other hard woods.
EXHIBIT: Adults. .
S":




97
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`it!An oa.Oeoh rnia assfrtewoeaedsrcino
InteSuhr tts
W.Auts1ok
231, Th at elokBr-oe.
Aflnpiaivg't Hart
-- *i qinmbako eetydadadijrdhmlc nteFse
Auls work
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242. The Red-Shouldered Ptinid Borer. |
Sinoxylon basilare Say. ; !
* .I, *iiiii
Adult bores short curved galleries in branches of dead hickory, peruimmon, aw" i
most other deciduous trees; the larvae bore the solid wood. ......... . ..
EXHIBIT: Adults, work. ,,i
243. Powder-Poet Beetles.
Genus Lyctus. ;,
"""I ::ii: iiii
EXHIBIT: Work, sections of seasoned ash and hickory showing characteristic in-j : ug
by the beetles and larvae !e.!
THE TIMBER WORMS. FAMILIES BBENTBZD2M AND
LYMEXYLID2Z.
PART OF1 CASE 4,1. .I
244. The Northern Brenthis. ,|
Eupsalis minute Dru. :. i
... ...ii ij
The larva- excavate extensive galleries in solid wood of recently dead and dying.
oak, chestnut, beech, elm, bald cypress, and most other species of deciduous f io-M'ii
trees. : ::"
EXHIBIT: Adults, work. ... :: ..

245. The Chestnut timber Worm. '
Lyipnexylon sericeum Harr.
The larvFe excavate extensive galleries in the heartwood and sapwood of living a -i
dead chestnut and oak. .. .i
EXIHIBIT: Adult, work. .
:: ... ::. :;L i!iiii~l i
THE CARPENTER WORMS. ORDER LEPXDOPTEA, FAMILY
coss Ds |||

CASE 42.
248. The Leopard Moth.
Zesera pyrina Fab.
An introduced species very injurious to forest, shade, and orchard trees hit n
vicinity of New York City.
EXHIBIT: Adults, larve, pupa, work.