Catalogue of exhibits of insect enemies of forests and forest products at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis, ...

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Material Information

Title:
Catalogue of exhibits of insect enemies of forests and forest products at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis, Mo., 1904
Series Title:
Bulletin / United States. Division of Entomology ;
Physical Description:
56 p., 22 leaves of plates : ill. ; 23 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Hopkins, A. D ( Andrew Delmar ), 1857-1948
Conference:
Louisiana Purchase Exposition, (1904
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Division of Entomology
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Forest insects   ( lcsh )
Forest products   ( lcsh )
Trees -- Diseases and pests   ( lcsh )
Insect pests   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on the World Wide Web.
Statement of Responsibility:
by A.D. Hopkins.
General Note:
Includes index.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 029639847
oclc - 16661140
lccn - agr06000473
Classification:
ddc - 595.7
bcl - 48.49
System ID:
AA00018935:00001

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ILLSTATINS



Pu~ 1 Fg.L-Te in-defoyig eeleof heBlckHil& g.2.D6-'
strutiv pie brk-betl. Fg. .---n~pacedetroyingbeele_4"'
11 g.I -okofte ~soe cyrssbrkbelei ti oiw
tres Fg.2.Th Iwsn' ypes brkbetl.ltl.-b
rewo br-eel Phwitmwui
II.Wokoftepiedetoyn eel o heBw
IV Fgs ad .Wok fth OeonToius fg 3-Wr l*Wr
'yelow ine ood engm er --- ---- --- ---- --- ---- --- *
V. W rk f th spuce-estoyig betle---------
7 - - -
VI oko h dsrcieAe akbel ---------
V11. Wrk of mdroctnu~ftotalis nd Dmdodonvakrebra


VII. Wrk f he in~stryig betl o th Blck ils ------
IX. orkof he pne-estoyin betleof te BackHill --------
X.W r fteOrgnT mcs--------------- ...
XI Woko Ipn-etoigbeteo h hkHlsFrs







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71
IT NEMIES OF
THE
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Oil
Priotwipol kin& of
AIL
Wo jijAdo of the prob-
d for Womw
irs t Of a soefionof
A

4j;r iosmrch in the field
onelmos of -eat
Or llwi6d fot
e facU relating to
vf.-iojury, and natural
fOr PrPVerk
Unk

Im a4 or in an but one
fhowbrk(if insmta which
MOUM30,and prod-
at
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In the preparation of wtions, 2, 3, and 4 of the exhiblt. h
labeb, the author wishes to acknowledge the valuable service
W. F. Fiske.
The exhibit is in four sections, and consists of fifty-four casei,,,
large. wall cue, and a set of photographs. There are, in all 789
mens of insects, 623 speciments of work, and 18 photographs.
tions 1,,2, and 4 are in the Division of Entomology exhibitin
Government Building, while section 3 lis in the forestry
with the Bureau of Forestry exhibit,
Section I.-INSECT 3MNZXEM 03F "RESTS IN NOUTH W
AND No ASTERN STATES. a
This exhibit consists of material.collected by the author du
special investigations for the Division previous to the organization
the forest-insect investigations as a separate section.
The labels are copied in' this catalogue with such revisions,,
tions, and additional matter as seems necessary.
Reports of the two special investigations, during which the
mens were collected, will be found in Bulletin No. 21, n. s., oul
Division of Entomology, entitled, Preliminary Report on the
Enemies of Forests in the Northwest;" and Bulletin No. 2185
Insect Enemiesof the Spruce in the Northeast-" The exhibit
prepared by th6 author, assisted by Mr. W. E. Rumsey, of the,
Virgin1% Experiment Station. 7,

Section II.-XNSEOT ENE S OF FORESTS IN GENERAL.
This section consists of material collected since the 1st of July,
and such other specimens in the general collection of the Division
Entomology and theNational Museum as were not represented in tbk'
forest insect collections. It will be found in cases 25 to 48 inclu
wid in a large wall case. In this section the transformations
work of several representatives of each class of insects are
while other species, having amlogous habits and transformations,
represented by the adult insects alone.

Section M--XVSZCT ZNZXMS OF FORESTS (SPECIAL
EX DMESTIGATION, IN COOPERATION WITH
OF FORESTILY)
This section comprises specimens collected by the author and
ants during special investigations of some of the principo de
tions by forest insects now attracting attention. It, *ill be found
six large cues, numbered 49 to 54, in the Forestry Building, mi 0="*71
a This exhibit was shown at the Pan-American Exposition, at Butilo, Nmemw
in 1901, and at the Intenftte and West Indian Exposition at
in 1901-2.






The exhibit a
ouve enemiesof for- -
thedwaW. ThelaW
and ha its, which
BMW in repognizing, them when iWet

Or ;-WOR
are eokimd f r"M 4 by, 5 And!;
*ad his show soute
emid not w011 be reprewnW by


0 1 Ov 41111,11 ILXHDMO
1A th- .Mb* it the first Of
4 '4 '" of the work host
d"e ptio
at6- '00, the kbeb, and, in this mtalogue,

of enemies as
J"M#4 lbft'purtf, of trms atUwko(4
6igW indimW to a certain.
Mol 101, the- uUw and by the
44 a 04 -*0 tzwogue tile
dMNOOW'AO#l-AuOAO and the &wmcbr of
y accord
JM *u-r4 and m"adardi y

*441M to Aving trees, but
AA etide oducts.





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10
BARK~~~~~ AN ODBOM R
Thscls f nmesdffr ro h peemgM te6
paen eels ono uro itote od r`br, u
egsinte ufce heeogae wiis ondhadd

byi) lt-edd(uretdo sot tu
h~igfotes gscueinuyb urwigbnahta
or dep ino th sapood ad hertwod oflivin, inured in&
tree, swlos, tc.Som ofthespeiesMifst ivig te",
seiu nuy rdah ter takol da n yn

wod bttisijryote eulsi get osfrmtem
wom-oe eecs

BAK-W vn. 4

Thisclas of nsets icluds spcie whih inure nd ite
shos fpneadspuesc ijr otn eutigi
an otl atrdtes thr takte aeo on
an aprety asetei eaho bed nth ar-f "








Awtratllvo Ono es.
4mg tho value of the W'OQQ


tit
*hith Are tho Ifirm, of stont,
Ur* sod vood Joi living a9c, locusl
#0 -a oths in the
q - OqV &PoOW byAhe
in *6 edg," of wounds. They burrow
theYf* Wo for two or Unme yem81 before
is'seriowly %jured by the very
'vjW-thi6, fife, of the tree is but slightly
kw tho continued operations, of
r, rmdts lit the dmimy f
&4, 4aa top,


laiot #m so-mlled wbW
1W omk& 9f fig
of Amd stauffing ooWer
OftVAt4O ir
*K'- regular bttr,
When the &dolts emerV
Aqmorouif 'T''06,04 Wag. Water
-d Jemyvf the wood.


*0 Or" ArO6 funmes Of
i A-0 fine- power Vany
$004 ga hickory
-''*boUy or to pa-A
Urk 1 i4otimw


dVVibm


4t





otes osueth atr flag.Th retr

pepptbeinuy ytter resm, ieth!/es~w
th ie utrdte etrnhmoc pn-om ec,
capbl o wdepraddeasafon
FAM OTEEiAR
Ths r h ave faca finet hc ae eLlo
bes uthv er euia ais scmardwt ohrI
theordr (ymnopers towhch heybelng Th adltsar
safiso ccutoftepeuir a-keoios ,byms
whchth mkeinison i teivngplnttisuifr th
of teir ggs.The arvi areof-tn fond i gret nmbeso
dogwod, irch elm culivatd curant etc, copletly ef
theplntina hot im. om ofth secesar cpale o
spea esrutonofcrtinknd o resa, o
lac awl Neamerwi),wih ewen18









voovM which dep, bsk
6 and the larvIm
lv of living troos

t, A
otAIM
*I" burmw Wo &e to, -YS
d, oA on mm wmons bam. There are
;IjVIjI* of tim and owmm mamm
Ulm twigg



0 MAU the bark of 0 sorta
Tho-young, sfUr hatching
VIM
MMIII I "Wo- -1
o t*vorti6oof sod stta&I themovto to
k& Many gwim exude
$Joodor bm
Wb4&,ProteC& "them



leaveR, but oor- -
7
e of those
of tbam'ae coverod with a
bls* and
A 0 .4

04 oduco sWu on the
on, the kavm
T


is is dDmmon

A-



4,j







INll
00"A"NMWMO
Th onsan rutofpn, pucau throo1r
berngtee m fenifetd y mllMerili "
th dveopet f hecoe ad ees
GAL~s
Thr aecrti aliset wihatw onaa
deoreddeelpen ethr f h cneorth se
a
.IMW IJR T RMPOIO





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fte SPrW% Vmber-33eeUe (ThTaoWrm b"**. Kirfly)'*
Excavates several bnmebing gslleiiee from a Augle en4"M
developing in short side chun in the sapwood of, "ured
felled spruce, pins, hemlock, cedar, fir, and lareb FAstern,
United State% CaUS4 And British Celumbia, to A lask ; very inj
ExHrsrr: Adult and work.
6. The Wmvh Timber-Beetle ( BMvdeadron n. op.).
Excavates branching gaUeniee from an etitrance, burrow s"wd ttWe
short side chambers in mpvrood ind hegrtwoodof I*Ver binh.
and northwestern Maine; also, other birches in Maine.
F ormamr: Adult and work.'
7. The Cosmopolitan Tfinber-Beetje (Xykbom wxgsLvd pats.
Excavates branching galleries and broad brocd chambem from -an
in sapwood, and heartwood of Douglas opmce in Oregon, red oak It
hemlock in West Vi 1 9 and o* beech, njaple, lime tree Vop*#
and fruit trees in Europe. Widely distributed In diffemnt amn0jo.,
especially in Europe, North America, and Japam
EXHIBIT: Adult and.work.

4 UILSE BY BANK-=XTZZ& onDiM
SCOLYTID28.
C-&SIM 2.
8. The HR CrYPhalus (OrwAahm n. op.).
. Ex wates broad, irregular chambers in dying aud- dead bark 4
WiUIAMF4 Wash.
EX Adult and work.
V. The We4ern Oak Bark-Beetle (PUMhthona puwazis IAW.).
EXCELVAtes two banavem gallax..*es from a central enustm bumw
injured, dying, and recently felled Calikruis bljck oak, Ongon whi*,,
sibly other oaks. CaMornia to Oregon.
ExIn :Adult and work.
10. The Densely-punctured nsrk-33eetle (pikjophthorm confiw:OIAW.)
Excavates a large central chamber and several radiafing pjwa.
very deep egg cavities in living bark Gf injured, dying, and roomfly,
yeliow pine. Northern California. esetern washington, and weAern,
EXIff133rr: Adult and work.
11. The loodgepole pine 33&rk-33eetle (pift.japhthorw n. gp.).
Excavates rafflating airvdd longitudinal galleries from a ynedium4wad
ber in living bark on large branches of dying lodgepole pim Fmtem
Exiamrr: Adult and work.
12. The Xnobeone Pine Rark-Seetle (Pil n.
Excavates several radiating galleries from a large central chamber
branches of InJured and dying knobcone pine and western Yellow
CaLt and Albany, Oreg.
ExamT: Work.
18. The IgmtenT Piu,6 T*ig--Reetle (INOjophthorm
Excavates =all radiating, curved, galleries ftm a bLvp cw*9
and branches of dying and felled Monterey, pine, shore pkeo
knobcone pine, Sitka spruc% and mo=Wn or silvw *w&
northern Washington.
Fxziwr.,- Adult and work.










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A|
28. ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ L Th Omr ieSixdWmc Im"
Exaatson o heeln lmitdna ~lrs o
chaberin helivng ar ofmijred M

Moun Bb* Clifonia an Grnts wwOiexm; W rooren,
Califrniaand Aizo!
Exitrr: dultand ork.
CAEM 4-
94. he SlverPiueTomms (omie n. p-
Ex~vts ey onst~igt'lngtina, n

lag enm cabe nth ak fliig ijrddinad em
tan r iler* adsuarpie.Grnt as, reon ad
Como ndeidnlyadetucie pcis
Eximr: Aul an wrk
25 TePo-piedTmiis Toiw negr ihh)
Excaate seer*longtudnalpriary allnesfro a lrge(o)1o~ri4
livig brk o weternYelow ine'nd odgeolepine Ftter
recodedfromOalfor-* Wshigto, an Woado

California
Exnrr Aultan mRi
2 .-h W~r earBr-eel Pkmiu uotWLe)








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Wash.
xxrbr:wok
SO heSoe ie yeias(*Im&,immon)
Exaae oesotlniuinlP1rYfo h etac bro A
kv~iY i liingbar of -uedtdyig, md ownty fnedaho,6 me.
BesieOrg.Cmmn.Alo ecredfrm ndA
Ex~an Ault nd ork
40 heAh-re ak-efl ryiusaIewsa)
Exaale ~ lnotMSe~eslrmfomacnta ntac Irot
C~viY ithelivig brk f ijure, ding an recntl WWash
Pacficcoat. Comon Spcimns romOreon sh,8,LHeln, reg
Exn: dltad ok
41. Te Whie-Aidr zarketle(Hywius asermw1,M)
Exaatsamoeatllng ,ngtdia neyfrmabwle
inth ar o ivng *redyng ~dreetl jfedw itealer.
Deriad so*Oe.,adSateWs;aorere rm
defrcieenmMsn tedaho lretes
Ex~~r-, dut ad or
42. Te Wesern emidaAwk-3eetl, (Hyminusn.
Exaae n rtw rnvreglere-fo mra.bm nt*1




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IPAMW
0& Mirdl"y* Pine
A common condition of the wood of the woi6m0ywow"
11 11 1 4; *
a minute four-winged gnat, of wb" *e* f6diA MU
of the main stem of young -liviing Plate. Uo oil
the accumulation of pitch in the vomd p"dam fa the Pad
the wavy.. and so-called bird*.eye effoA in'tbe *6od,
q)ecimenstAlb"y, Oreg.
E=mT: Work.
55. The Oak-Twig (ormyrt" SPO-
A minute four-winged gma breeding in small pR-liko, ftvWm
on the branches and twigs of the Oregon white oak in wakemoi""*
small and large' oak trees topresent a dying appmume; dw to 66'
dying twigg and dead leave& The healed-over woun&'Pr V -'a,_ 1 _A
odmcpA*aWA
t 1."r. T
and defective wood.
EMMM: Wolm.
UNY NY liABX A" W
TREA, B


56. The Vest"n Hemlock Dark-Borer (MdwtopUk &w=wWi
A medium-sized, flat-headed, bark-boring grO, ezcwV&t*wg sJ4&U*wi-_
rows through the inner layers of bark of living, injuredond remWj,
hemlock and Douilas spruce; California to northern =d eadeOntj
westem Idaho, and in the noble fir near DeWt,. Oreg k vary.
destructive-enemy, the largest and beat tiee% 'or Caum.ng pniotw*
defects in the wood of living ones.
EXHMN.- Adult and work.

UNT BY -RARX-WEEVUA. ORDIM COLMOPMMA, Z'
CUMU 1 7


57. Me Ougar Pine 3w)t-Weevil (INnoda ap.).
Adult snout-beetle deposits eggs, in the outer bark of yovag Uvih".%
rod small whitish grubs which mine through inw-
M14W PM% P ucin
change to the adult in oval cavities excavated in the omUcoof 1he we*
death or abnormal development of the trees. Gr" Pme, Orag
ExamT: Work.
58. The Doug1m Spraos Twig-WeevU (Nrodion.
A small snout-beetle which deposits ewe in cavities in ba& ol
tral aboots and terminal twigs of young, living Dougbas sprum Tho,
grubs mine through the inner bark and enter the pith to chdidge to the adakr
the twigs and masitig a deformed developmextt, of the tres. SLReW340mg.Itte
Exnmr: Work.
59. -The Pi" 7VU9UM-GOU weevu Wwaakftid).-
A mull inout-beetle breeding in buk md wood, of a common
the abore pixie and western yeUCYW pi* OWNiOg t1wda"h of the branches
tmm Newport, Oreg., and Moscow Mowlaixw. Xdatko.
ExjuwT-. Work.





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co-Al JM TINDB
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AA'; hruh h da wo o edr ytlo i telp
PRO, r1

iV~i P~i
ibkbki h edhuwo o iigg~,movtcn

deyo h eKwo.P!tAglE ah





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EL




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an inuinsI ougte





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24-

NORTHEASTERN STATES4

dURR BY BANK AND TVW-&=V=XS. 0-
FAJNMXoT SCOLY MM Al


438. The Babmm Fir phadus &WhaNz n. op.)'
Excavates irregular, broad, elongate egg cha=beis to one side of the eatroAq6
row in the bark and mufw* of woodthe larval galleries radiating in all,
deeply grooved in the surface of the wood of the branches of dying and dead
fir. Shores and islauds'of Parmacheene jAke and Rump Mountsin, Mabm
EXHIBIT: Work.-
69. The Spruce Cryph*lue (ftphalusn. op.).
Excavates broad transverse egg'chambm in the bark and smism of w0Xj;'_
larval galleries but slightly grooved in the sukface of the Wood of d' ing and Aescf
spruce and balsam fir. Islands and shors of ParmMheejie lAke and near
Me.' Common in bark of small 4ying imd dead red spruce..
Examrr: Adult and work.
70. The NEinute Nk Bark-Beetle (Pityophthorm minutigaimw ZimhL).
Excavates two straight transverse: galleries from a central entrance bumw
elongate longitudinal clumber in the bark, and surfa;aeof wood'of braiiches on I
dying, and:: felled trees, rwely'in the thicker bark on the ain bf re&
southern Maine, and other oaks mi the eitistern'United- Stateit
Exiaimr: Adult and work
71. The Xinute Birch BiLik-Beetle. (P4op z6wigp.).
Excavates galleries like that of the. minu oak tark-bgdde (70) in' the li
dying Ntrk of branchesof the paper bitcb. SoutlmrMaapichWj.
ExHmrr: Adult and work.
72. The White Pine Twig-Beetle (ftopMhorw n. op.)
Excavates sev4al long, winding galleries from a central cham in the
deeply grooved in the surbee of the wood of small dying and-broken bmuAto
white pine. Camp Caribou, Maine.
ExHmrr: Adult and work.
78. The Xinute Spruce-Twig,:Wood-RagTaver (Fi*ophth~n. ap,).
Excavates a large central cbamber'. and'several curved galleries in the bark
deeply grooved in the surface of the w-&& of small branches of felled red
-Shores of Barkers lake, Maine, and Weiti-T
EXHIBIT: Work.
74. The Spruce Wood-Engraver (Pityophdmjw caridimpe Lee.').
Excavatw many short, rqdiating, curved. galle4ei. fromit laWe central cham
the bark and surface of the wood of twigs'and branches of dil* v^d
stem of young,'dying.red 'ruce. Western- Mable to. M,&rpntow1% W% ViL,
Detroii Mich.
Examr: Adult and wp*,
75. The BL&ck Spruce Wood-Angmver.(Pityophthorw n. sp.).
Excavates short longitudinal -:016riw fmm the entrance burmw in the bwk,
surbm of wood of swalL dying black sprtfee. Shores of Parmachx*ue IA&%
westem3faine; Peakes Island, in Casco Bay, Maine, and Adirondaeks, New
ExHmrr: Adult and work,

















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v7 T





Be.TIL PW&**e Aam
W 0 AW
ftCV~48$h~4 jrq~lg h Abad
bakwn fi. OfA T~4& iih
FA~rerr: WoI
87.~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ Th e pweSltn(*wa 101
Exaae tw ogtdnlegPite moonWO
lamlcaiyintel~m ak fbanhso diganrmftt
NothetenManead es 4"Aw o~aikI0V -Ie
Ex~rr Aultan vor
88 h Mnt Src wkAM 6p" 400*4e4e
Ener tep~ere o ohe er-bele, ro hih t
smll irguargllristhouh h Ine ar o yig n
sprue an whte pne.Noitwadrti ain
P~wmr:Adl ad or. 4
89 h Sro-DsryieBete(abra
ca ateslong logituinale& glleieo rom ba
bak n g0Vn tew( o iig n nurdrdan ht
detrctvetoth lrgstan es tmbr.14O~emx~net
BrunwickThi is he~rat nemyof he rd an *Mes~r(*-
sprue rpol4 ha casedthedeat an lo ofa vs SAK~t *A
methds f prvening oom seeBuletin28,n.'s, Dvisin o
Depumentof Aricuture
Ex~rrr: dultand ork
a or B
90. orkof u~pcker inspme brltwb~ Woed ft
tr beetle
Ths irsa eceial enfcsli esryng* rets ea!
EXBMKT- WorIr
OI Te, odyZr-B~ DM er(hnaim sbmK)

Th dls edo teautso h prc-etrywad te a
so t yugo kv ry pnthi eelp vod.V0
specam f bak sowsthe upacam f te Cecidin n eNgalwy4
destmmg betle
xzm. Adl nd.r
92 PoyoeVlau ek







rim


tomo


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U Rackberry Butterfly (OWO6MW*d* R& A
I^AAn backberry.
Exmmrr: Adult, pupL
104. Vhe Pine Butterft (Neophaga Mmapia paid.).
Larvw defoliate pine in the Fadfic 8bles.
Exianw: AdultL
105. The Locust Leaf Fol"r (BparMew (Bwkunw) Mrw Fab*).
lArvie on locuaL
Fxntsn: Adults, larva, paps, cocoon.
106. The Walnut Sphinx (Ommiajt is S. A.).
lArvse on hickory and walnut.
ExHlBrr: AdultL
107. The Pine Sphinx (Lapara conifmmm R. A.).
1,arv2e on pine in the Eastern States.
ExHIBIT: Adults, larva.
108. The Catalpa Sphinx (Oek"nsia *Udpa Bd.)
The larvse food upon and frequently defoliate catalpa wherever this tree ic
ExHiBrr: Adult,, larva.
109. The Wavy Azh Sphinx (Cawtomia undulm Walk.).
IArvm on ash.
ExHiBrr: Adult, larva.
110. The Ash Sphinx (Hykiew kahnim S. A.).
Larvm on ash in the Eastern States.
ExHrBiT: AAult.

111. The Four-Hmued Sphinx (OnWomia aviyntbr- Hfib.)
IALrvae on elm.
ExHiBrr: Adults, larviL
112. The Western Poplw Sphinx (PwAyqMnx modesta var. oeddenWit Hy.
larv* on poplar in the Wedern StateL
ExHiBrr.- Adult,
Ila. The Polyphemus Xoth (Tdm pAphemus Cram.).
The large green larvse occur on maple, oak, birch, and a variety of other
tree&
Exfimrr: Adult
114. The Hickory Horned Devil (CWWW&ia regalis Hfib.).
TArvw on hickory and walnut.
ElHmrr: Adults, larm
115. The Im Koth (Basgona impaia& Dru.).
The larvw feed upon pine and many other species of ebn1ferons and
tree&
ExnisiT: Adul* larva, pups.
116. The Orsuge4ftriped Oak Worm (Anisola mnatoria Hfibn.).
The larv= dWoliate oak in the FAistern Statm.
EX111MM: Adidtag larmt pupse.
117. 2he Spiny Oak Worm (Aniooda 4igna Hfibn.).
lamse In 1wr coloniSO on oak, defoliating trem Notern ffiafim Kj,
Examm; Adultk krv94 pope.








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80

181. Tb* Mack Rickory OeterpMw (DW4" *44aTinao G.
Larva'Mi colonies on hickory and walaut sm.
em states.
ExxxwT: Adult, larva, pupie.
182. The Tellow-NwAed Apple-ft" 0"wpMw (Dolan4 oWdm
I"vw in colonies on birch, oak, and other foreot trees, so well as on
ern States.
ExamtT: AM* eggs, larvw, pup&
138. The Oftiped Rickory, OaterpMw (DakM4 angum" G. 14
Larvm in colonies on hickory and oak. Eastern States,
EXHIBIT.- Adults.
I". The Gr4MM Oak ftterpiUar (Nadata gftosa S. A.).
Larvae on oak, maple, and other forest trees.
ExHmrr.- Adult, larvie.
185. The Rosy Hyparpax (Hyparpax aurora S. A.).
Larvoe on oak in the Eastern States.
Exax :Adults.
C-kBM 29.
186 The Red-Humped Oak 0 (&JMMai*4 awfivu
IArvw on oak, sometimes defoliating tzees in the FAwtern State&,
ExHimT: Adults, larva, pups.
The 3&Uffty TWWOkXoth (NOtolo
187. PhW antiqUa Lnn.).
Iarm on most7species of deciduous forces bem ift Americi'vmd Xbrope,
Ex-amT-. Adults.
138. The California Tussock-Xoth (Hemerooampa vauda Bd.).
Larvae on various species of deciduous forest trees in C61ifottila.,
EXHrBrr: Adults, larv&
139. The -Vliite-Xarked Tuasock-Xoth (Hmwmeavipa kucadigma 19. At
Larvae'sometimes defoliate elm, maple,-and other deciduous foreit tum"00-
Eastern States.
ExiffrwT: Adults, 112!imassj, larva, cocoon.
140. The Dark Twumk-Xoth (Okne acMtina S. A.).
Urve on various deciduous forest trees in the Eastern State&
ExHuuT: Adult.
141. The Brown-TaiW Xoth (Buprodis chrymmhaa Linn.).
Introduced from Europe and destructive to deciduous forest trees in Mammeh
and New Hampshire.
Exiffmrr: Adults.
142. The Gypsy Xoth (PbrVu*ia diqw Unn.).
Introduced from Europe and very destructive to nearly all deciduous
coniferous forest trees in machnsettL
ExHtBrr: Adults, larvae.
2". The Forest Tent-ftterpiUar (Makwoma
Larvae at times very dedructive to map* oak poplar, gum, and newRyAW,
deciduous forest trees throughout the 'Upited fttes.
Exmm*. Adults, egA bwM puM cocootm
.M& A
3L". The Tufted Tent- 11, .31) Opub
I&rve on oak in Wfornisi.
Exm3uT: Adults, eM larvaL






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166. AbbotVs Wbite-Pine Sawlty (Lop4Tw all*W
This species, together with seyera1 closely alHed for at tinm
to pine.
kaHrBm: Adults, lwvw, coooon&
157. The Larch Savty (Nmudw ajdw" Hartig)o
One of the most destructive forest insects; the larva at vw1om ftjeo
defoliated the larch throughout the Northeutern States and ex4sed
large proportion of the trem j
ExHmrr: Adults. nt
158. The Large Amerie'an sawfly (aab= wnmi&ma 'lAfth).
buTm destroy foliage of elm, willow, poplar, and linden.
ExHiwT: Adult.

ORIJAAMIGOUS 3POLX&Oz IWOMMO.
V,4--Rlr OIV CA.833 33-
159. The Common Walking Stielc (Diapheromerafmoraft Say). 't
'Young and adults devour foliage of deciduous forestAre6s.
Ex.umrr: Adult.
100. The Xatydid (,Vvmcmtmm launfobum Linn.).
Young and adults feed on foliage of trees.
ExHum: Adult, eM.
T.'RAW-BUNTLES. F-A3MY 0 #AILAAMMM-

181."The lkb4noceros Beetle (Dynada t4w Linn.).
larm mine in decaying stumps; adults destroy loliage of aeb.
Eamnm: Adults.
log. The Goldmmith Beetle (ColWpa lanigera Linn.).
Adults on oak, poplar, and other danduous Uves, sometimes 44"
Fawwrr: Adult&

IMAY-BEWMES. FAXMY 0 LTWVZLIDA,


168. fte Imported Elm Iee4d-BeeUe (GaUmaUa IuMola MOIL).
A very serious enemy to the elm in the FAstern States.
ExHmm-. Adults, work. 4f
184. The Luger Mm, lowd-Beetle (Monocedo MMU sai).
Adults and larvw destroy foliage of elm in sections of the MWdle WesL
Exmmrr-. Adults, work.
165. The Striped willow zood-seerue (Xaaam ao*a Fa&).,
Both larva and adults feed on foliage of poplar anO wMow, w4 am st
destrUctive to them ftees. An especial enemy of the asier wi1low
Exann: Adults, pupae. %
186. The Spatted WMow LoO.NeWe (Wamaid JqValim Lkm.)*
HaNts dinil to the abov% but len abaudsat and WwWw
in
Rwwr AdulbL

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TWIG W39XV IrAMMJr VAJ2WU
:P.&-arr ar C.&Sm 32.

176. The Western Spruce Weevil (Pi"W" Op.).
Attacks and kills the terminal shoots of, Sitka spruoe mmiug deforuk$4
Northwestern Sta$as.
ExHimm: Adults, larM work.
177. The White-Pine Weevil (Piwodm grobi Peck.)
Attacks and kills the terminal shoots of white pine, opmee, and doodar,
serious deformity to the bee; also breeds in the bark of the lower portionsal
trunk of pines and spruce, h&stejAng the death of injured U-o*. Eastem
ExEnBrT: Adul* work. Sections of young white pine showing nature of
terminal shoots. (Large case.)

]LOUND-RaUMD NORIMS. IFAIM&Y ONELA KuTOM.M.
:PAL.Urr OJP 0,&SIM 32.

178. The Oak Pruner (ElWhidion viUosun Fab.)
The larvae bore in twigs of living oak, hickory, etc., causing them to breek.and,
Exumrr: Adults, work.
179. The Hicko7 Twig Girdler (Onciderm ehWulaia Say).
The adult girdles the twigs of oak, hickory, persimmon, and other trees,
times so extensively as to cause seriousIJM]Ury-
EXH IT: Adults, work, figure.

INJURING THE INNER BARK A" SAPWOOD.

THE MARK WMEVUA. 'FAMEILY OURCUMONED.M.


180. The Ciprew Weevil (Budocinw mamffUimU Boh.).
The adults feed on the bark of bald-cyjwess twigs, causin thek death, and OW,
larvae mine the inner bark of injured and recently felled trees. Southern State&
Exuriarr: Adult, larva, work.
181. The Pales Weevil (HyMim paks HbBL).
The larvae bore into the inner bark of stamps and roots of rwently felled.. dy!zW.,,
and injured pine. FAstern States.
Exigaiarr: Adults.
182. The Pitch-Rating Weevil (PachyloUus Germ.).
Has habits similar to the piles weevil. Ewtern States.
ExHiBIT: Adults.
188. The Walnut Weeiril. (0Vptw4mAu8 "roOm Hbst.).,
The larvae mine the m'ner bark and sapyood of weakened and reomfly 44,
walnut.
Exursrr-. Adults, work.
184. The Fir Weevil (Fimdes dubita Band.).
The larvee mine the inner bark of balsam fir, hxsbwbW the death of uiqjurod tr*,Q
Northeastern. States.
Exffwrr: Adults, larvae, work.







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190 e inenNoer(Spadawdf/Sa)
lave ie h bwbakan or nt hetnko Ud/, ono
Exiar: dul wrk


198.The heafut Widim (O~idim wrum Nwmm
Lava in mmbrkofcesn atnigad ehas!uv

orinjredbw
Exxrr. dulslay~e ppa
19. heBete Wn.(Cio ddwf!.)
Th ara mn teinwbakan or nt hewodoLtu %,

dyin an recent ded hckor, cestut, aketc
Exx Adu* lrva. wrk.
200.TheD~tyOakBorr (Bmakm amarim Du.)
Laraein tups ndlopofremtl ded ak
Ex~mT:Adults
20 1 Th Bei~fiul licory ore (60 pu~raElad.)
Larve boe i hicory
Ex~mr: Aults
20. heMgr icor orr Go tgi DG.)
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88

225. The Four-Xarked Ash Dam (Ebwia quadr*m4utta Say).
larvae invest ash and hickory.
ExHmT: Adults.
226. The Cedw Borer (Hylo&upa fignetu Pab.). A
Larvae mine m*ner bark and sapwood of cedar, ewadng the death of the tvw,4
ExHiBrr -.Adults, larvae pupa, work. 4
227. The Banded lffiogmpbls (Uwraphisfamiatu Horn).
The larvae mine the ihnet bark of dead oak, maple, chostnut, sweet-gm,
walnut sourwood, dogwood, and probably nealy all dedduous trem
States.
Exwam: Adults.
228. The RusUe Borer (XyldrechU8 coZmw Fab.).
Larv% mine the Miner bark and sipwood of recently cut or dying oak,
hickory, maple, and other hard wood& V
Exxom: Adults.

R FIAT-MM"ZD BOMMER. IPA KILY BUPRJUMDAL


229. The Bronze Birch Borer (AgrUus anxitia Gory).
The larvae mine the'inner bark of living and injured birch and poplw
destructive in the Northern States.
ExH Adults, work.
230. The Two-Lined Chestnut Borer (Agril= Winwthu Web.).
* The slender larvae mine the inner bark of recently dead, injurod, and hom
chestnut and oak. One of the principal cau" for the wholesale desOnefion 4(
chestnut in the Southern. State&
EXHIBIT: Adults, work.
23 1. The ZaeUrn Hemlock Bark-Borer (MeknophUa fidvoguUata Harr.).
Larvae mmie'thta inner bark of recently dead and injured hemlock in the E*Aeo
States.
Examrr: Adults, work.
232. The Flat-Headed Apple-Tree Borer OitymbOOWi8 fmwrata Fab.).
The larvae mine the miner bark of recently dead and "nured oak, chestnut, hickom
maple, ind some other deciduous forest trees. FAstern StateL
EXHIBIT: Adults, larvae, pupae, work.


288. The Flat-Headed Pine Bwk-Borer (ChMwbothris dm*a Grerm.).
Larvae mine the inner bark of recently dead and dYM9 Pine.
EXHIBIT: AdultL
284. The Flat-Headed. Hickm7 Borer (Diwrm Obwura Abv).
Larvae bore into the trunk and limbs of hickory, maple, and some other
trees.
EXHIBIT: Adults.
2495. Tha Western Hemlock Bark-Borer (Mdasq"m dru"ano" Kirby).
The larvae mm*e the inner bark of dead and healthy hemlock and DouglM xpruoe,
causing defects in the lumber and killing tree& Northwestern State&
Emma=: Adults, larva, pups, work.




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40

945. The Chestnut Timber Worm (LymwWox sv4omm Ehwr,).
The larvie excavate extensive galleries in the heartwood and sapwood of livibt
dead chestnut and oak.
ExBmr-r: Adult, work.

ULDAM-NTAIL W023M OILDIM UIP33)OPTIMUL.
OOBBXDA.
CA,83M
246. The Leopard Xoth (Awra pyrina Fab.). "gA
.s;'I
An introduced species very to forest, shade, and orchard
injunops d treesin tw,"
vicinity of New York City.
ExHarr: Adults, larvw, pups, work.
247. The Oak Carpenter Worm (Primoxyatw robiniz Peck).
The larvw mine in living oak and locust and are somet;imes very desizaefive, eqW
ciall.v to aged trm.
ExHiBrr: Adults, work.
248. The Poplar Carpenter Worm (Comm omwenaii, Unt.).
The larvse mine in tnwks of poplar.
Ex-um-rr: Adults.

HOPIMAJMB OB WOOD WARPS. FAXELY


249. The Pigeon Tremex (2-anex columba Linn.).
IArvm mine the sapwood of hickory, oak, poplar, maple, and other deciduous
bim, hastening the death of those weakened by other causes.
ExHrBrr: Adults, work.
250. The Palo Tremex (nmex wricew Say).
Habits like the pigeon tremex.
ExnmT: Adults.
25 1. The White-Horned Horntan ( Uvmw aWcomir Fabr.).
Attacks spruce, hemlock, andfir.
ExHmrT: Adults, larvi ptLM work.
252. The Blue Hornt&U (PaummB eymmi Fab.).
Attacks spruce and fir.
ExHiBrr-. Adult.
268. The Banded HorntaAl (Uroomu abdonninalia Harris)
Attacks spruce.
Exiaism: Adults.
254. The Yellm-WhWed Horntan (Urocvw fims]pamis Kirby).
Attacks spruce.
ExBrarr: Adults.
955. The Oman-Pino HorntlLil (Pburutits pinicaa Asbrn-). 14 1
I-arvw in pine.
ExHorn AduItL
256. The Mack-Pine Howntall (Pawww A*"" Ashm
lArvie in pin&
Exmw: Adults.








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42



964. The Xountain-Plne, Dendroctmus. (Dendmdonw n. op.).
Attacks living, injured, and recently felled mountain, or silver pine,
and lodge-pole ine in the Northweotem Statm Very common and capdAs
destruction to the best timber.
ExHiBrr: Adults, work.
265. The Arimma. Dendroctionus (Dendroctonm n. sp.).
A common bark-beetle in the southern Rocky Mountain region, attackb*
western yellow pine, and, in company with several closely allied species,
great destructictu of large quantities of the best timber.
ExHiBrr: Adults, work.
2156. The Bald Cypress Nark-Beetle (Phlmosinw n. sp.).
Attacks recently felled and girdled bald cypress in the Southern StateL
Exumrr: Adults, work.
41
P2LUDACROUS AND PAJ"SMO 0 OF DESTRU 1111
rounsT nrszcTs. THE CIMELMS. FAXMY cxammm
0-'


267. The DulAus Clerid (nanmimus dubiug Fab.).
The beetles destroy the adults, and the larva-, prey upon the developing b
of many' species of bark-beetles in pine and spruce, and are frequently, of tho"
greatest benefit in holding in check the more destructive of these.
Exumrr: Adults.
268. The, Spider-like Clerid (Clffw sphegew Fab.).
The adults feed upon the adults and the larvw upon the de-Teloping broodo 0-11,
numerous destructive bark-beetles in pine, spruce, and fir. Western States.
Exjmrr: Adults.
269. The European Bark-Beetle Destroyer (Thandaimusformioarius TAnn-).
Is very destructive to bark-beetles infesdng pllne and spruce in Europe, and,-
introduced into America in 1892 to act as a check to the alarming micreaft of
destmetive bark-beetle (Dendroctontafronftlia) mi West Virginia.
ExHmrr: Adults.
270. The Orange-Banded Clerid (CUnm ichnmmoneus Fab.).
The larvm prey upon the developing broods of the hickory bark-beetle
quadrigpinom).
ExHmrr: Adults.
271. The Hairy Clerid (Ch4riem pilm Forst.)
The larvw prey upon and do much toward preventing the micrease of several ot
destructive flat-headed borers (Buprestidw) in deciduous brees.
EXHrBff: Adults.
CUCK BEETLES. PA&M=AT
272. The Byed ZIater (Alou8 omktw Linn.).
As a larva preys -upon numerous species of bark and wood boring luffiet&
deciduous trees.
ErziBrr: Adults.
278. The Small-Byed Zlater (Alaue wyop Fab.)
As a larva preys upon the larger species of borers in conifin-ous trem
ExEumrr: Adults, larva.




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979. Tba TeUo*-Pt" Wood 69='(1
A:- enemy of Pine. Atbwks'branches 4ndtwiv oi tftmbiw
atbwk of the pine4eatiroying beWe.
t I '
Kamm: Adultm work of adults and larve in bark and owdus of wood.
280. The Oregen TOM10" (Tmiew orvoAi Bich
A wondLry enemy of pine forests In the BWk Hilb attacking th6
mg upper portions of the trunkto of trees injured by or dying from iu
phse-d=troying beetle- Occasionally a primary memy of living bvww
Exmmrr: Adults; galleries of Oregon TonAcum apd pineAeobvying *beetU
side in bark of pine work of adults in bark; groovingo in m4m of wop&

3OTM OF PMIM BY 3&AJLk.3M
SOU STATM.


28 1. The Deaftuctive Pine Dark-Beetle (Dm*vdmw fiwaaluf Mmm
Attacks healthy pine and spruce in the Southern StateL It N' capablo of
L
mous destruction and, though umWly held in check by natnral awasek"
times past so increased as to seriously menaw the entire stand of pine aii&'
portions of the Southeastern States, notably in West, Virginia in 1891-0.
Exn=: Adults; on sarfaxm of wood of beetle-killed tm,;
outer bwk and surf we of wood of beefle-kMed tree; section of Ur& -of,
ing gallerim of adult beetles M' bark two to three weeks after first,&#**
wood marked by galleries of adult beetles and- mines of larwe six to, 40t,",
after attack, outer bark of tree scaled off by woodpeekers in seanh of
their larvae; work of adults and larm. in bart
282. The Companion Sark-Beetle (7bmicw amZau Eich.).
A common species infesting pm*e, in the Southern States. When abundimt ii
attack and kill healthy trewbut is espeeMy common as a Wnudary
company with the destructive bark-beetle. I
PMIO -A
ExHmxT: Adults; appearance of work of adults and larvw in bark;
destructive pine bark-beetle and companion bark-be ede side by side in ba* q A
beede-killed tree.

DRSTRU CTION OF 'WICST3M&N 7 AsOW M By RA--
IN THE SOUTHERN ROCKY 31110UN 'A
CA-S]rA'53-
288. The Axisuna, Xhmdroctonux (Dendrodow n. sp.).
A common bark-beetle in the southern, Rocky Mountain region attacking'
western yellow pine, and in company with several Oosely allied apecleo
destruction, of lwp quantities of the best timber.
ExH=T-. Adults; work of adults and larvae in bark.
2". The 061mado Pwid=x (Dm&vdmw A I
AtWwU recently-dead and living western yellow pine In Ae
Mountainregion. Often found.. working in the saxne tme and," brAde, W",
Arizona DendroctonuL
Fxzmrr: Adult; owdsoe of wood showing mink of work; p1lary of adiftv
of young larn in bark.
208. TIN Pix*4D66ftVyiZW ImetIs of the 313 M31 (D^irodos64
Bopk.).
Exuaw -9 Adults; surim* of wood showinj 1P t
adult and mines of young burm in lark.





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MS. The L&W *&h C=y TWW'IkWtU (^dVW op.).
Attacks mahogany trew and fmhw lose before impor"m
FaxxwT: Work.
INFZSTXNG 0 1 r
CA
204. The VILite.-LiWA Cypre" BMW (rhywenmun aw" Ham
Lm7.w yaine the inner bark and outer awwood of W'r" kq&'
Famim: Adults; lam; gallery; complete larval mine on mibm
girdled cypress trm
995, The ILWd CypressNorer (Mvw ;igi& Say).
IArvm.. make inner bark of girdled cypress and dying cedar.
ExH=T: Adult; larva- work; larval mines in bark of girdled ey
296. The-.Bald Cypress Dark-Beetle (Pumainw n. sp*
Attacks recently felled and irdled bald cypress in the SOUUM= &at%;
to girdled trees as it hastens death and causes the lop to dry more rqAdly,
ExHm=,: Adults; inner bark from girdled cypress, showing charswetbmikedWe
of adults and larvse.
N
207. The Cypress ftpwood 33orer (AmmoAma pukhdZa Rbst).
A white grub which mines the sapwood of girdled cypress two or three yem,
death, causing rapid decay,
Fauumn. Adult; ]am; work.
298. TUe Cypress Weevil (Budocivm mwmerheimii Boh.).
The adults feed on the bark of bald-cypress twigs, causing their death,
larvw mine the inner bark of injured and recently felled trees. Southern
Ex4nm: Adult; owtion from trunk of living cypress, showing parfi*Uy
over galleries made by larvae of this beetle which would eventually rewlt In
in the timber. IqA


SEMON IV.

PHOTOGRAPHS.

Western yellow pine trees killed by the pme-destroying beetle, Black Hilles
Dakota.
Section of yellow pine tree killed by the destruefive pine bark-beetle. North
olin&.,
Trunk of western yellow pine killed by the Arizona Dendroctonus, showing,
of beetles. New Mexico.
Western yellow-pine tree., showing injury caused by the dark-redturpentine
at bam New Mexico.
4
Monterey pine tree, showing injury of the dark-red Uwpwtine beetle at baft,
Oplifornia. I'J
Hemlock trees killed in 1892 by the hemlock %An-worm Sta* of waihintbobj
Tmnk of hickory tree killed by the hickory bark-beede, showing growth of WW*
fungus following attack. Detroit Mich.
Siver-pine, trees killed by the meimtain-iOme Dwdroctoau& Pried RJvw Fo"*,i
Reserve, Idaho. (2.)
Bark from tmnk of giant arborvitae showing mi of the cedar bark-beeUa. Ohft
of Washingtm.








raw PoodroetoWj&

the propoofjort of
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PUP-
JDryocwtes n. up. (Swal red spruce bark- Umerdtig bredowii .....
beetle) ........................ 25 Una (&e Molaso=6)
n. op. (American spruce bark, Lophyrus abbottl .................
beetle) ........................ 25 Lyctus sp. (Powderj boetl%)
n. qh (Birch bark-beetle) ...... 25 Lymaxylon sericeum ..............
Dryophilus' op. (Giant arbor vits Dryo- Xalwwms americans ......
philus) ................................... 23 .........
Dynastes tityus ............................. 32 Constricts ...................
Eburia quedrigeminats .................... B8 ............... *WW #
Edema. (Sw Symmerista.) f ragills .......................
Elaphidion villoffam. ....................... 84 pluvialis ....................
Ela&yidw ................................... 42 Xallodon dasystomus ..............
Epargyreus tityrus .......................... 28
Ergates spiculatue ................. I ......... 21,85 Melalopha, incluft ........ I ...........
Euelea delphinii ........................... 31 Xelanopbfla 0-rummond! .................
indetermins ........................ 81 fulvoguttatA...
Eudamus. (See Ep&Myreus.) Melasoma lapponica, ................ ...... .
Rudocimus, mannerheimfi .................. 84,46 script& ......................
Euproctis. chrysorrhms ..................... so Miffocentrum. laurifolium, ...............
Eupsalis minute ............................ 39 Monartbxum. ($ee Pterocyclon.)
Eusehausia argentata ....................... 29 Monocesta. coryll ...........................
Euvanessa antiopa ......................... 27 Monohammus confusor ......... ........
Galerucells luteola .......................... 32
Gaurotes cyanipennis ....................... 36 Nadata gibboss ......... ...........
Gnathotrichus materiarins ................. 15 Nemstas erichsouil --------- I ............
sul catus ..................... 15 Neoclytus caprom ........... ...........
n. sp. (Western pine wood- Neoclytus erythrocephalus .................
stained) .................... 15 Neophasis inquapla ......................
Goes pulchra ............................... 36 Notolophus antiqua ----------------
tigrina ................................ 36 CKme rigida .............................
Graphisurds. (&c Ceratographis.) Olene schatins ............
Grapholitha caryana ....................... 33 Oncideres cingulats _------_--------_-- o
Grapta. (Sw Polygonia.) Orgyia. (Sa lqbWophus and Remoo-
Halisidota. (&e algo Eusehausia.) eampa.)
caryee ........................... 29 Ormyrus sp. (Onk tvrig Ormyrns)
maculata ........................ 29 Orthosoms brunneum ---_----------_------
tessellarls ........................ 29 Pachylobius pidvorus -_------------------
Hemerocampa leucostigma ................. 30 Pachysptdnx occidentalis -_----------
Tetusta ...................... 30 Paleacrits vern&t& --------------------
Hemileuca maia .... ....................... 29 Parasitic Hymenoptera ---------- .......
Hetcemis cineria ................. ........... 36 Paururus cyaneus ............................
Homoptern lutiata .......................... 29 hopkinsi ..................
Hylesinus-aculeattu ........................ 2D pinicols .............
aspericollis .......... ....... 20 Phlowdnus cupream ... ...................
granulatus ......... --------_- 19 dentatus ..............
nebulosus _-_----------------- 2D punctatus ......................
services ------------_--_----- 2D sequoiaB ........................
n. op. (Fir wood engraver) ...... 19 n. ap. (Bild cypress bark-beetle)
n. sp. (Grand fir bark-beetle) .... 20 PhryganidJ& califi=10L .....................
n. ap. (Western hemlock bark- Phymatodes variabilis ...........
beetle) _---------------_--- 20 Physocnemum. andrew ...................
Hylobius pales ----------------- ........... 34 Pinipestia. (M DioryeML)
Hyloicus kalmim ----_-------------------- 29 PissDdes dubius ...............................
Hylotrupes amethystinus .................. 21 Strom ................. 44 ........
ligneus ......................... 27,B8 op. (Western spruce weevil).
Hylurgops rugpennis ...................... 19 op. (Sugar pine baxk-weevil)
subcostulatus ................... 19 PityoM es carinulatus .................
Hyparpax aurora ........................... 80 n. op. (Mountgn pine wood-en,
Hyphantria textor ......................... 29 .....................
Ichthyura. (See Melalopha.) n. op. (White pine wood-On-
Lagoa crispats .............................. 81 graver) .......................
. Phthorag earinioeps .......... : .......
lApars coniferarm ............ ........... 28 PjtYO
Loecantum, op. (Hickory soft scale) .......... 88 confbals .....................
Lq*I*tera (foliage Insects) ................ 27,88 Minatissimus -- - .1 ........
1,eptostylub aculiferus ...................... So nitidulus .................... .
Loeptura canadends ........................ 87 pubipeons ......










12







----------


--------- 39
is
------------------ 39
----------- 29
32
27,37
......... 41
42
AIL"
-------------- 29


............
--------- ------ 3i
- - - 41*44


--------------- 17*



77,
n4
-------- 41 44
TT wsiaft).
(avdA* Aa o



*1*- MAU
-------------



AIS
-Pl'*'ikko**14 6 4.1-"-. 0 - - - 4*


**me) is
------- 40
4D
... 40
40
39





*Wftod^




v v
In


14

















nMIX.OP COXXOT WAIM



POSMI-I
Alder, white, bark-beetle .................. 2o Bark-borer, eastern homloc& ............. iark
Ambrosia-beetles ........................... 15,46 Ut-headed phn..........
Ambrosia beetle, KWu4=e --------------- 46
American dagger-moth ............ W ....... 29 western 00dar ........
saway, large .................... 82
tent-mt&pillar ...... ............ 81 3wk manots ............... o ,.k W** tfr.'
Apple-tree borer, fiat-headed ............... 38 weevil, sugar pine ..........
caterpillar, yellow-necked ...... $D
wood-stainer ........................ 45 Rimh bark-beetle .....................
Arbor vitm, giank Dryophilus .............. 2B mlnute ..........
ptinid ................... 23 borer, bronze ................
Arizona Dendroctonus ..................... 42,44 timber beetle ...............
Ash borer, banded ......................... 38. Birdwye pine --_--------_-_--- .......
four-muked ............... 88 Blazed tree-bom ...............
Sphinx ................................ 28 Eliue bormt&U .......................... .
wavy -----_--------------_- 28 Borer, z&-"ored mulberry ........
tree bark-beetle ........................ 20 banded ash_ 7 - - - - - - - - -
Banded horntall ........................... 40.. bmutUul bkkory ...............
Urogmphis ........................ Ss black-homed pine ...................
Bark and wood-borIng grubs ----_----- 21,22,27 bisized-tree ...................
Birk-b"t1e, American spruce .............. 25 blusowingvd walnut .......
"h-tree ....................... 2D bronze bireb. ............
bald cypress. a ................. 42,46 cedar .........................
balsam-ftr ................. .6 cedsx-tree ............... ; .........
birch .......................... 2fi common ebn-tree ----------- q
ceftr .......................... 26 curiouscyprm .................... .*
compiw9on ............... __ 41,U c"rem sapwood ............
densely punctured ----- ...... 16 destructive spruce wood -------
destroyer, Xuropean .......... 42 dusty oak ................... ........
destroyem (&e Clerift) flat-headed apple......-.
destructive pine .............. 44 hickory ................
grand fir ................. j .... 2D pine ...................
hickory ....................... 41 knob-homed pine ....................
knoboone pine ................ 16 large hickory .....................
larger:ar-tree .................. 19 linden ................................
IAwvon cypress ............... 41 locust ...............................
lodgepole pine -------------- 16 mounta;in aab ....................
minute birch. ........... ..... 24 obsolete pine ..............
oak ................... 24 painted hickory ....................
spruce .............. 26 pine, I ....... ov ..........
ParmacheKae ................. 26 heartwood .................
redwood ...................... 1%45 poplar .............................
smaller fir ...................... 17 ribbed pine _ ...................
small red sprum .............. 25 rlgw cypress ......................
spruce ......................... 25 rustia ........................
western cedar ................. 18 0MUMM ik .........................
fir .................... 17 MMWUMPU ....................
hemlock ............. 2D twu hIckory ....................
Oak .................... 16 two-JIMA Ch"Mut .................
white alder ................... 20 vazhLble oak ........................
spruee .................. 25 WXT'F SPnW ....................
bee" .. .......................... 14024 wIdto-Uned c"rim Io
Bark-bom, Douglas quum ................. Borm, wocod iad bark .............
52




ir/
- 4 i l

'WIN, 6.
F4
l42
42
------- 2

. . .. - -





Ilk
# ;, 119$lt im
64


110rutWI, Week piue ....................... 40
MUG .............................. a ey
anall pine ....... ................ Q on"40*"ing
white homed .................... 40 vood-botbetim-ow
yellow winged ................... 40
Horntalls .................... .............. 40 Pigeon. TremeX ......
Budson Day Ttmlms ..................... 26 Pine baribvw, W &Oaded ....
Hylealnus, Doutlea spruce ................. 20 MIMI* .......
shore pine ...................... W birdw ye .....................
BylurgoM MU spruee ................... 19 borert black-hamed ........
wedern pine ................... It kno44tonwit ...... I..
ImperW moth ..................... ........ 28 1 ............... *.. W:..
XAtydid .................................... 32 Obsolete ................. 4,4-
Lage mabop&y Umber-bmae ............. 46 ponderous ------ .
Lmhaftway ...................... 7 ........ 32 ribbed ..................
TAM-beetles ................................ 32 butterfly .........................
LW-bwU4% imported elm .................. 32 cone-worift, soutbern ._ .........
larM elm ....... 6 ............... 32 destroyer,
spAted willow 32
....... destroyingbeetleof theRIw*ItfEIa.
striped willow ................. 82 funguwgah weevil ...........
Loeaf-Mder, locust .......................... 27 horntail, black ............ o ....... ;a
Uopard mwth .............................. 40 smsJI .............
Upturs, Canadian ...................... 37 heartwood borer ................
Ucheq4ike beetle ......................... 36 bylumeps, western ...............
Unden borer ............................... 36 Jeffirey, twig beetle
Line-marked oolydild ...................... 4S knobcone, bark4x*tle ............ t,
IA)eust borer ................................ 35 lodgeWle, bark-beetle A.
IW-folder .......... 7 ............... 29 mountaLia, Dendroatonus ........
Lunated long-sting ......................... 41 woodrengraver
Mahoga;uy timber-beetle, lwVe ............. 46 sawyer, common ...............
maple scale, cottony ........................ 88 shore,
gio0my ----------------- : ...... 33 silver Tomicus ................
sugar, borer ......................... 35 Sphinx ......................
worm, green-striped ................. 29 sugar,
worm, semi-looping ................. 29 amwler Tomicus ...............
MouMing Cloak bUtterfty ................. 27 wood-engraver ..............
Mounwia W& borer ......................... 27 tum" cWterpmW ...................
Mulberry bom, ash colored ................ 86 tW*=UM t ........................
]Northern larenthte ......................... miner ....................
Worthwestiern tent-caterpillaz ............... 81 white, AbbottIN nwity-...
Nut weevile ................................ 33 Sawyer ..........
Oak bark-beetle, nduute ................... 24 tw -beetle ........
Western ................... 16 weevil ......................
bow, dusty ............................ W wood-engravtr 4
iouthern ........................ 37 wood-perftwMor .................
vaTiable ......................... 37
carpenterwann ................ ; ....... .40 western ......
catavillar, gmen ...................... so Yellow, wood-en8mver ............
red hmped ............. 30 Pitch-fttiAgWeeVil ............ ..........
Uv% root-torer ........................ 87 P196t"u% P=-Amerfcan ...............
proaff ................................. 34 western ...................
span-worm, western ................... 31 Polyphemus moth ................
Umber-wozm, (SwWorthernBrenthi&) Ponderous sawyer
tuswok caterpillar ..................... 20 PopW borer. .......
tw* orm7m ...................... 22 carpmter worm ..............
vet-Wom ........... 4 ......... V ..... $I ...... 11 ........
iny.WeNjud
wood-stahm ........................... 45 ftb
WOM, ........... 28 taut_=SjWr ................
worm, qdny ........................... 2S Powder-p" be"" .............
Ommkgo4anded claid ...................... 42 Prima% broad-awked .....................
Oregon M s ............................ 41*4
ftuyrtka, o" tft ......................... 22 Prunatook ..............................
Palo We"ll ................................ St 1160" t Siant arbo Vito ....
PRIeTnMM ............................... 40 barer, r6d4bonAwed..'.
tum* MUIPMU .................. 29





Y,












AR





---------- 3D

movthwemtom ------------- 31

---------- 41

---------- 30

--------------------- 29
------------------------- 37

-b Wfth ........... ------ 16



hidwty, ------- w ----------- 39

------------ 46

---------------------- is
*Ortm -ut
a"Ptn ------------- 41)

bak (&C Moruwa Bmn-



T lotwiphvd ----------------------- is

----------------- ------ 25

------------------------- i7,41,4t

oftw pine

-- ------------------ 17

plue ------- 17

five-spined -------------- is

--------------- ... 40

---------- 40

------------------------------ 43
Lq
----------------------- 49



do* red -------------- -19

---------------

------------- 29

--------------- 29

-------------------- 291

---------- 29

------------------ 30

------------------ 3D
------------ ...... 3D



--------------- 17

--------------- -

'17

........... 24

......................

---------------------
or
.........................

-----------------





beb
weeolpith-aw...... ...... 4 WDdoi
want ... ............i
kut..01........... a





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WORK OF OENqtROCTOMUS FRONTAUS AND DENDROCTONUS TEREBRAN&.
EEE" .Olt of D




a, gjgp P"Womou A, aduit; B, pa C larva; 1), adult of D. veaw; R, larva.-b. A.
Amok&:A,:a;fta ; C; D, Ai a:tn s; q Q D tih parts. D. wauLen H, Tibia:
... t.M.; J X 4, X aena, all e1iaig144.-X. PixtcL tube made by D. Punak's, natural
ge -4. B~ing wtuiB. from Iiriziagpne tiee, tade by D. .froaut, redwce.-e. ppa eases
*F49 1) LotfxtudinaI seIUion of
=.=.Me -pr
w eg avty itsd Of g eyth ate ena. eohr ene.y eln
0. th rs:...:"..in
.= ... .. .....




D ._ of D u d.

lii................ .*, fD a:. mns. AF Vt. e"..J..Work oft D r l inaebark
< X, 6; mwrk a"I.A frimi I pine aat B, ., l;arv, at work at H.
.u. ... iwi.. atacks spmee. (r BuL. 28, n. a,, Div. of .:.Entomology,
: .. .. .. .. ...
-:i :..:::,:. .: c ....:: . :: ....:.. ... :. .


j~iii ii' ~ iii iiii;: ;iil ::" :i::;ii:'i : ....' ... i ": .... .. .. ..
r "", ,,ii :.. i :: ~....... ....... ,,,.. ..::... ..,':. .. '. .,














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4-































LU

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IL
Co

Fig. 1. Fig. 2.

WORK OF T H rL PINE-DESTROYING BEETLE OF THE BLA0K HILLS,

Flo. 1. A, Primary giallaiies larval mines, pupa cases and oxit holes in bark-, B, primary gallerlei; grooved In surface of wood In ohip out from railroad tie.
%M f 2. A, Eoring qh1p from ralliroad tie, showing surfare'of wood not marked by Insects, B Inner surf ace of bark from same chip. About
V :bAtufallue, (Auti5wr)sbustatiou, Bul, U, n. a., Div. of Entomology, U., $,Dept. ofkgrloulture,
iii 1111 iii Mil
J L











w V


a.




















hA.








rq 41


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%

LU




JJ



Fig. 1. Mg. 2.

WORK OF THE PINE-DESTROYING BEETLE OF THE BLACK HILLS,

Fig, 1. Primary gallerles and larval mines In Inner bark. About one-third natural size. (Original.) -Fig. 2. Marks of primary gallerleg on surface of scoring chip from
railroad tie. About one-third natural size, (Author's Illustration, Bul. 32, n. s., Div. of Entomology, LT. S. Dept, of Agriculture.)






















-64:


















<




Ui



.2
J;

E

Ld 4..:


'y
C6




Fig. 1 Fig. 2.

WORK OF THE OREGON Tomicus.

Fig,. 1. A, Galleries engraved in surface of wood out from old dead tree-, B, bark w1th inner portion destroyed by galleries and larval mines, About one-tbird natural
sizo.-Fig. 2. Galleries In Inner bark and, surface of wood'of railroad ties and edging strips. About one-tb irdnatural Am (Author's illustratiqn, Bul. 82, m s., D1v.
pf fttesiq19gy, "U. 8, Dept. of Agriculture.)























. .. ........ n ....;.".m.. ......


.. ..... .. ... ::. : ,
..: ...m mm .. i .. m... .







S ..:..! .... .
.::: : .....
.::: a..=.= . .

A : "i :~ :...


I























































































Fign; KFig.4L

WORK OF THE PINE IDrRoYING BEETLE OF THE BLACK HILLS FOREST RESERVE.




. ,,.,...... ,,. .. ... . ..
1IZ.L1IIIfJBft.b.litN*edi pine tree, showing pitch tubes.-Fig. 2. Marks of primary galleries
'"*tH lthe mufflzffee oflwuod nrlien bark is removed.-Fig. 3. Freshly attacked tree, showing pitch
tue. ..., t, .. attacked.-Fig. 4. Dead tree; outer bark removed by woodpeckers.
:i (I'e"iH, ":.xL .: a, H. 01 Eutomology, V. &. Dept. of Agriculture.)


P r i iiii Yiiiiii:d!."iii!. ", ." .








W :




48. Di f EiiiiiiiUi.iii.of A ri ulu e.P L T X










t- 0



i~ I.-AOSO RCNSMLX i.2;- KO H IEDSRYN
PAR srr OFiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiETE F HEBL CKHILS
aPthtue nsrf m o akm c e
Thic c omoiiiiiiiiinihiiiildu e ; ,sa e t oth r s a ur l si e
miiiiiii i neifiiiiiip n Wwd ,a ho n( r mYer ok .. D p fAgi ~ ue
at iiiiiiiiiii- .Di f n o m l-19 -
cgU ep fAriutm


iiy/








































17*


























...... . o n o De f icl





























.. ... ..
Mi h.....&
i. ...... .. ..-.



il .... .......'

..: ... ...
}.i:. .......;...





. ... . ... ..






















GALLERIES AND MINES OF THE SPRtUCE-DESTROYINa BEETLE.

Mwwtnbg pub o~fflx pEdmaxyga^wli% educed alkmt one-kadhiri (FroutBuL.
2 .iiB &,. Div. of U. S. Dept. of Agriculture-)
... .. ..... .. ..: .. .".. .














...... = :! .
... ::': ....... ..............





-HE.,





Bu.4,D.o noooy .S Dp.o giutr.PAEXV

. . . . .. . . ...











GALRE M IE FTESimDSRW1 ETE
(Foiil .sDv fRt olg. .S et fAretr.











*..... ,-' iii
ri














































































l~il; OL GALLERIES OF THE SPRUCE DEBSTWOYINQ BEETLE.
Eillli" :" .. '
.a, Grooves. on the surface of the wood of a tree that had been dead about twelve
yearns; b, woad, rd incomplete galleries, in bark of living tree; wound filled
with.Pt.; c firi 4e4 tree; d, from living tree, in which some of the wounds
Wj.re be.iga'; :, -t.: old dead tree, the sapwood of which was decaying.
.(NVo. Bul. 2.. ., Div..of Zntomology, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture.)


.... ....











Bul. 48, Div. of Entomology, U. S. Dept of Agriculture.


e


:. : .::- *..


..' :* *- .. :.. .. .. : . ... .* ., ... "
...:' :...,S :. : : :: *....' ... :: .' .. .. ..... .. :*. ::E


WORK OF THE YELLOW PINE WOOD ENGRAVER. GALLERIES IN INNER
BARK AND SURFACE OF WOOD.

About one-third natural size. (Author's illustration. Bul. 32, n. s., Div. of
Entomology, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture.)


PLATE XVI.


ow ,.


















































I












PLATE XVII.


Bul. 48, Div. of Entomology, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture.


I



























I.,


WORK OF TIMBER AND BARK-BEETLES IN SPRUCE.
a, Work of the spruce timber-beetle in the sapwood of sprace, attiral size.; b, fungus (Pbyporua
vebAdw) growig from mines of spruce timber-beetle on the surface of the wood after the
bark bad been removed, naturl sze; c, work of Phauotribus pite. Hopk. MS. in spruce.
(From Bul. 28, n. a, Div. of Entomology, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture.)





. .. .. ..




U






Bul 48iii.ofE tooiiiiiiiiep.iiAgic ltreiiAEiV11











ri iiiiiiiiiiiii




Li iiii

ii iiii~ iiiiiiiiA


WOR OF SEONAR NDOTEiEEMESOSRUE
a.Wriftewiesrc akbel Tmiw nwiesrc ak ,wr fsrc
wod-nraer(ifafaor arnem Le) nipuc ar adgroin teoue
wood cgaleie o tedetrctvepie ak-eele(Dndocousjkniis i pn
bak loatcssrc- ,wr ftesal e puebr-ete(roae .S.
on thesufae f prcewod;egaleie o te prcebak-eele(Plyrohu rji
pen )o ufc fpecso pueditod fudi amcen ae
(FonBaAl ,sDi.o noooyi.S.Dp.o giutr.



A!iiiiiiiiii







C














U




.....






'!;1Bi!SS& PW. of Entomology. U. S. Dept. of Agriculture.
P..&Di. o Edaoiiigy


S .. 'E EE: EE E "::



. .*::.. :.. ". ..


"....' ''


PLATE XIX.


.,:.. ..; "


.. ..... ... ,,,I


GAMLERIES OF THE SPRUCE BARK-BEETLE, SHOWING DtFFERENT STAGES.


..I at.., e, Fles.ly eau .ladgls iu living bark; d4 old galUeimes in dead bark. (From Bul.28,
n'tJ .It o Entomelogy, U. EL Deptd. of tdenta)

il. ..":." .

... .. .....





m ,, m F .. .. ., . .. .. ...i "
.... .i i ..,i .."...


~ ~ ~...:E: : ".. ... "....
.. ........ . ..
41 4 :E :: .:. .:E.. .



....... ..
~~~~~. .. ....... ... ...... ...".


:








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= .. '







..."m ..




- "! .'..!!.. .".,'. .."


" .. .. .. ..^ .



.. .".

"" "......... ......








































I


























L





































!;;;,--i : ^I...... .... ....


.i: ... ..".
!iiil!::: ...* ^ ^B ^ ^ ^ ^ I^ ^ ^ ^ H









































E .NS OFHTHE DESTRUCTIVE SPRUCE WOOD-BORER.

-sum. ewd @fa "peeled" a!ad felled spruce, showing mines, naturaW
(. ..L, i.s.,iv..ofntoiogyU.S.Dept.ofAgrilt
.: .. .. ... .

I~i! .. ..... ......... .... ..




& :: H: ..
41 :.:.:iim !iEE!i a









































-Z1
i !: :.." "" .p ; .. :" :.. :', : : : .:' :: .... "::.. .
% 1 :' ..,." .. "> .:" :..:.".. .. .. .;i ,::.:::-.- ii'!: :" '. .. :. : .." ...i :::...
Q9.H
i :4 I ... 1 .: " ..":. . . ::: i: i .:::" ; '. :' .'


.E1h.















DEAD SPRUCE; ALSO FIR AND PIRCH.
': ::: l-dead spruce and a dead birch in cutting; remains of very old dead spruce; 2i, appear-
.Sco,; s-pruoce tree after it has been dead five to ten yreas or more; 'e, white spruce, dead three
i, u eas,; d, dead spruce, fitr, and birch, killed by fire; e, dead spruce and fir on summit of
:, p Mountain, Maine. (From Bul 28.. n. ., Div. of Entomology, U. 8. Dept. of Agriculture.)



-" 'iiiiiii~id ........ .. ...
ri E iiii~ ii i!. ,., ,
i. :":3iiiiii~~iii iE::: : .[

























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.4

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