Progress and results of cattle-tick eradication

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Title:
Progress and results of cattle-tick eradication
Physical Description:
12 p. : ; 23cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
Govt. print. off.
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Cattle tick   ( lcsh )
Genre:
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
General Note:
Caption title.
General Note:
"Issued April 4, 1914."
General Note:
At head of title: U.S. Department of agriculture. Bureau of animal industry. A.D. Melvin, chief of bureau.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030008068
oclc - 67900826
lccn - agr14000548
Classification:
lcc - SF967.C38 P76 1914
System ID:
AA00018799:00001

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rutu r.~ -o pt .
( flIb g is a sufin.ary of these replies, taking each question in
$ trler. A(
e LWERAGE INCR'A-SE IN VALUE OF CATTLE SINCE TICK ERADIe
-" p.. ..CATION BEGAN IN 1906.
Some replies expressed the increase in percentage, but the bulk ......:
| of the schedules gave the increase in monetary value per.head. .:
Upon averaging these for each State, the sums varied from $7.70.
per head for Alabama to $15 per head for California, and the
weighted average for the 11 States is $9.76 per head. The averages
by States follow:
Alabama------------------- $7.70 Oklahoma------------------ $8.20
Arkansas -------------------8.31 South Carolina ---------------9.25
California------------------ 15.00 Tennessee------------------ 10.94
Georgia ---------------------8. 00 Texas---------------------- 13.79
Mississippi------------------ 9.00 Virginia------------------ 13.28
North Carolina --------------- 8.30 Eleven States---------------- 9.76
It must be admitted, of course, that all of this increase in value is
not attributable to the tick work. We can, however, get a line on
this matter by comparing the above advance with the normal in-
crease which has taken place in the two remaining Southern States
where little or no tick-eradication work is being done, namely,
Florida and Louisiana. Thus, according to the estimates of the
United States Department of Agriculture, published annually in
the Yearbook, the average farm value of dairy cows in Florida has
risen $6 from January 1, 1907, to January 1, 1913, while the advance
in "Other cattle" during this time was only $1.20 a head. In Louisi-
ana the increase in value of dairy cattle for the same period was $5
and in "Other cattle" $2 a head. There is, therefore, an immense
advantage in favor of the tick-free territory and it is evident that a
large portion of the gain in value in the cleared portions of the
11 States above mentioned may fairly be ascribed to the influence
of tick work.
2. INCREASE IN WEIGHT OF CATTLE.
The great majority of the replies stated there was a substantial
increase in the weight of cattle subsequent to the clearing of the
ticks. The averages for the States ranged from 11 per cent in Texas
to 23 per cent in Mississippi and the average per cent of gain for the
entire tick-free territory was 19.14. In other words, the cattle as a
whole are considered to be about one-fifth heavier. All the schedules
from Alabama and Mississippi declared an increase without excep-












.replies covering the increase in the grade or quality of the
Aince tidck eradication were considerably more flattering than
.::.pertai.ng. to the increase in weight. (Question 2.) The low-
average was 16 per cent for Georgia, and the highest 31 per
Mii .. ppi. The average for the 11 .States was 26.91
which means that the cattle in the tick-free sections at
t. are rather over one-fourth better in grade or quality than
were under quarantine conditions. This is proof, if proof were
,that the unprofitable "scrub" and the tick go together, and
w the latter is banished, and not until then, is the influx of
animals on a large and profitable scale possible.
w as the case with question 2, a few negative replies stated there
betterment in quality. Out of a total of 939 replies there
W.of the&3 or 3 per cent.
m iii: : .... :: .....
4. ANNUAL LOSSES BEFORE TICK ERADICATION.
is practical unanimity in allowing that considerable losses
caused by Texas fever before the inauguration of the tick work.
-figures range from 9 per cent in Georgia to 15 per cent in Mis-
Sand North Carolina, and the average for the 11 States is
r ent. This is a trifle over one-eighth of the total cattle.
requires but little imagination to see what a serious handicap
the cattle industry of the South an annual loss of this magnitude
F be. Some idea of its extent may be had by taking the census
es for cattle in 1910. According to these there were in round
b6" 15,000,000 cattle below the Texas-fever quarantine line,
valuation of slightly over $270,000,000. One-eighth of this
-is."is $34,000,000, which represents roughly the annual loss from
lexi s. alone, not counting the depreciation in numerous other ways,
tielc!h as stunted growth, discrimination in markets, shrinkage in milk
production, etc., all of which will more than double the amount
..':" ":,* ...

!5. INCREASE IN CATTLE INDUSTRY SINCE REMOVAL OF QUARAN-
" .. TINE.
As might be expected, the answer to this question, with few excep-
At,.ios, is in the affirmative, there being 984 who answered "yes,"
29 to the contrary. It may be remarked, too, that some of
latter were expressed as "not yet," implying that not sufficient
ihas elapsed since the raising of the quarantine to warrant a
Sdeinite reply.
.. ::... ..





4 CATTLE-TICK ERADICATION.

6. INCREASE IN PUREBRED CATTLE. .

There were naturally rather more negatives to this question than'
to question 5, although on the whole the replies must be considered
extremely satisfactory. There were 929 that answered yes" and 11
61 "no," so that no less than 94 per cent of the schedules evidence an I
increase in improved blood. This is a healthy condition and will n i
no doubt soon have a profound effect upon both the quantity and ,
quality of the output. Some of the correspondents were exceedingly
emphatic, one man in Alabama stating there were "five times as
many," and another that "45 bulls had been imported into the i
county." i

7. INCREASE IN MILK PRODUCTION. '*
The owners of dairy cows in the region cleared of ticks are evi-
dently well satisfied with the results of the work, since 95 per cent
of the replies admit there was an increase, usually very substantial, in
the yield of milk. The lowest estimates are from Alabama and
Georgia, these two States averaging 15 per cent increase in each, ..
while the highest average, 25 per cent increase, is from North Caro-
lina, closely followed, however, by 24 per cent each in Mississippi
and Oklahoma. The average for the 11 States is 23 per cent, which
is a gain of nearly one-fourth in the total yield.
It is easy to see what a great advantage this would be if it could
be applied to all the ticky cows in the South. The additional milk
would in the aggregate be worth many millions of dollars.
8. INCREASE IN FEED CROPS AND SILO BUILDING.

That the eradication of the tick has acted as a strong impetus to the
cattle and dairy industries is clearly evidenced in the answers to this,
the last question on the list. A general movement in the line of
growing feed crops and building silos is indicated. The affirmative
replies to this question numbered 984, or 98 per cent of all received.

PERSONAL STATEMENTS.
The following is an extract from a letter to the Washington office
by Dr. Kiernan, Bureau of Animal Industry inspector in charge of
tick-eradication work in Alabama, Mississippi, and Tennessee:
NASHVILLE, TENN., September 27, 1913.
CHIEF, BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY,
Washington, D. C.
SIR: *. * I had the extreme pleasure of attending the Tri-State Fair at
Memphis, Teun., this week, and was greatly pleased with the fine exhibits of 1
cattle from territory that had been recently freed of ticks. There were Short- |,
horns, Herefords, Angus, Red Polls, and Jerseys, all of which acquitted them- *ii
selves with great credit in competition with herds from all over the United .,j-1I













l.....e.nent of the cattle industry in the South."
.7 *. Twenty millions more cattle for the Southern States is not an im-
bilty, an..d ..instead of an average value of $15 these cattle can be made to
t it h3$80 on the average. * *
ery respectfully,
.... .. ... J. A. KIERNAN, Veterinary Inspector.

extracts below are taken from the New Orleans Times-Demo-
September 24, 1913:


STOCK RAISING IN THE SOUTH.


meica Meat Packers' convention, in .session at Chicago, has sent out
t !'.e appeal to-the farmers of the country, and particularly those of the
tntveit and the nation from the meat famine that is threaten ing them.
pies of meat have gone steadily upward year after year, more than
Sin the past two decades, until the cow that jumped over the moon
-:,a very sober animal. The situation, say the packers-and the Agricul-
*Department supports them statistically-is alarming. There has been an
reduction year after year in the number of cattle which are meant for
iSanghterhouse, while the population has kept on growing at a rapid rate.
Demand is now far in advance of the supply, and the difference grows
.iy' wider. Unless the farmers come to the relief of the market we will
a be facing a meat famine when only the rich will be able to buy a steak or
LWet If the farmers-and particularly Southern farmers-give much atten-
Sto this branch of farming, say the packers, they will find that it is to their-
vange to raise more corn and more stock and not concentrate themselves
much on cotton.
At present rates the business of raising a few steers on each farm should prove
tK. t profitable. The South has been backward in this industry, but has always
t c to go into it, and it can do so now under the most favorable conditions,
the cattle tick, causing Texas fever, the only thing that has stood in the way,
Being rapidly-got rid of. It is raising a great deal of corn, more than it
Wm ever done before, and the splendid corn crop of Louisiana this year Is a
nt ~invitation to stock raising:
The-following statements are selected from among the large num-
Sbm of cattlemen, dairymen, and farmers who filled out the sched-
).s) and added personal comments thereto:
il :AA:: mm. mm ALABAMA.m

There- is as much difference between ticks and no ticks as there is between an
|0mat m business man and an old fogy. In fact, if we had kept the ticks, we
t:: m! i have been knocked out in 10 years.-W. J. HENDLEY, Sumter County.
i)::l. :, iP "::II U
S: In 'my opinion nothing has done half as much to stimulate interest in raising
SPurebred beef as has "tick eradication." Although the work has been carried
On under a great handicap (due to an unfriendly feeling and fight against it by
Me),. I think now the battle is about over, and that, due to this eradicative
I expect to see very soon the introduction of purebred bulls in this
I,.E.EEE: .
4:[((( m ... m':: mm..






6 CATTLE-TICK ERADICATION.

vicinity and county. Personally, I've been using a dipping vat for two years;
before building I lost cattle every year-since, I haven't had a single death,.
I'm very optimistic relative to cattle raising in northern Alabama and feel that
this has been brought about by the use of the dipping vat.-FAKN P. HBn, A.
Jackson County. .
I do not see how anything that could be brought about that would have
benefited our county as much as this work. I have not heard of the death of
a cow from fever this year, except one not disinfected.-J. F. HAUSEE, Jackson
County.
ARKANSAS.

We had some trouble here at first, as many refused to dip cattle, but these
were overcome and now the people are more than satisfied, and every farmer
is trying to raise cattle. Our cattle are bringing now from 31 to 51 cents for
range cattle, so you see where Mr. Farmer is satisfied.-P. T. HARRISON, Newton
County.
I am an earnest and continuous advocate of tick eradication. It has been a
signal and abiding benefit to all farmers in Carroll County, Ark. I have pas-
tured cattle here continuously for 15 years. This year I have on grass 132
head, and there has been no deaths. I pasture and have pastured from the
15th of April each year until the 15th of December.-IvERsoN A. Jons, Carroll
County.
We consider the eradication work has been worth thousands of dollars to
Baxter County. As our county is not very good for farming, we depend mostly
on our cattle for a living, and we can't raise cattle and fever ticks in the same
county with any success.-LONoN BROS., Baxter County.
Since the eradication of ticks our cattle are bought more and at very much
better prices, being smooth and in better condition. In my judgment the eradi-
cation of the tick has given us the advantage of no loss from fever, better tem-
perament and dispositions and appearance of cattle, thus producing a greater
flow of milk under same feeding. Si'.os are a very great subject with us now
and enthusiasm prevails. I built the first one in the county and there are others
contemplated next summer.-EDWARD C. BALLAMY, Fulton County.

CALIFORNIA.

My general opinion of the cattle industry as favored by active tick eradica-
tion and measures are, that by the active and intelligent management of our
Federal and State authorities this matter has been so well handled and con-
trolled that the people in that line of business have not only been able to con-
tinue, but to increase their output, principally by being able to bring other
cattle on their ranches and by being able to use better quality of high-class
bulls brought from other places. I am decidedly of the opinion that had not
the tick eradication received the prompt and intelligent attention that it has
that the cattle industry in both beef and milk in the counties south of San
Francisco would have been reduced by this time to something like 50 per cent
of its present monetary value.-W. MAYO NEWHALL, San Francisco.
The dipping process for the eradication of the cattle tick has been a godsend
to this county. It means everything to the cattle raiser and dairymen of the
coast section of the county, and no sane person conversant with conditions
here will for one instant doubt the truth of this statement.-NEIL COOK,. San
Luis Obispo County.

44













B||t l wlj83 to do iew n Wire wi e snortage in reed on the coast, me Loss
... ...... woi:.. have beean very great had ocnitions been such that we could
them for feed. The quality of the stock is increasing.-PAMO DAz=Y
SCo. (By A. B. FOSTEB, San Diego County.)
ii,'iEg"atrd to the eradication of cattle ticks, I wish to say there has not been
that helped the cattle industry in this county like the good work
Seen done in eradicating the tick. For years previous to 1906, the
.....sess was a dangerous undertaking-; in the fall of the year we could
e -attle everywhere; now we very seldom see a dead animal. I lost
Iall my cattle in 1905, and I appreciate what has been done for us.-
$.B.. l8F "San Luis Obispo County.
M inu& h ean not be said of the good that has been done in ridding the
yof ticks. This caused the dairymen great inconvenience sometimes,
| t~~ts is not one today who regrets the expense and trouble of clearing his
of tieks-DArrE F. DONATI, Ban Luis Obispo County.

Sit ~to say that if tie dairymen of this county were educated to the use
;l o, it would be but a few years before it would be able to boast of
me of the leading coast counties in the production of butter fat, for the
son that the soil and climatic conditions are exceedingly good for the rais-
of corn. I have two silos at the present time and am the only dairyman
1 he county that I know of who feeds silage. I would not dairy without

Ik" gonciution, I will say that the eradication of the cattle tick has been a
benefit to all owners of cattle, and also to consumers of beef and dairy
O1ucta and all those who were concerned in that great work are to be con-
ztuatfed.--GEo. A. Ruios, San Luis Obispo County.
il:: ::::::. .::" "i f*i f?.".TT:.if..T.A
r~ GEORIXA.

In the year 1911 I had 65 cows. I lost 12 of the best I had by tick fever.
III- the year 1912 i built me a dipping vat, with the assistance of Dr. Lewis,
inl that year I had 125 head of cattle and began to dip them on the 19th
.ApIr, and did not lose a single cow after the first dipping. This year I
|i'hatM 187 head, and began to dip them on the 17th of April, and dipped them
ieery three weeks, and have not lost a cow this year, and I am sure this tick
eiacaij on is the best thing for my county that has ever come to it-A. E.
MWliorrWoTz, Greene County.

T%* .E eradication and the dairy industry have progressed hand in hand here
L 01m1 Patnam County. It is generally conceded that our creamery (the only suc-
.fIAMi cooperative one in the State) is successful, because of tick eradication.-
43M. B.eU Putam County.
.. ..' .. 1,
;i ....LOUISIANA.

..4 I tove a fine herd of cattle, and they are worth double the money they were
ore we got rid of the ticks. I am sorry our whole State is not in favor of
Ijt;.industry. Our back parishes have so many people who are not in favor
-Ing cattle.-ALLEN H. HINDS, Madison Parish.






8 CATTLE-TICK ERADICATION....

I may be an extremist in this matter, having been so badly infested with
ticks when our work began. Have been free from ticks 4j years, but our parish
is not entirely free yet. The grade of cattle here is 100 per cent over what
they would average before we began fighting the tick. This-is partly due to
better blood. Am sure the quality of milk and butter and also beef is 100
per cent above what it was before we began the fight.-M. E. RuPLn, Claiborne
Parish.
MISSISSIPPI.

To show you an instance of what tick eradication has done for us; on yester
day I sold to a feeder from Kentucky a carload of feeders (Angus grades) for
$6 per hundredweight weighed up on my own farm; this is the highest priced
load of this class of cattle that I have ever known to be sold in the State.-
J. M. Ar.DRuCH, Benton County. j

Cattle are very much increased in valuation, and we can attribute this i
directly to the dipping. Beef products, as well as dairy, arc all reaching a high W
point in all the markets. I would say, further, that being in a position to
look over the situation as it really stands that it has affected the price of our
lands to the amount of not less than $5 or $10 per acre. Everybody seems. to be
talking live stock. Some 40 or 50 silos, most of them having 300-ton capacity,
have been built in the meantime and a number of herds of nice purebred beef
cattle are now being grown and raised in our county. All of this means good
roads, good schools, higher grade of citizenship, and a general elevation of all
lines of life.-J. R. EVANS, Noxubee County.

I have been in the cattle business myself in this county for 20 years, and I
regard the eradication of ticks as a great benefit to the cattle growers in Mis-
sissippi. I am shipping my cattle now to East St. Louis, and they go into the
free pens. They bring from 50 to 75 cents per hundred more than they would
in the quarantine pens.-J. E. EDENS, Chickasaw County.

In February. 1913, I began constructing vats in district 2 of Copiah County
with fully 90 per cent of people against them. After building 21 vats in said
district, and dipping regularly every two weeks 4,000 or 5.000 head of cattle,
fully 90 per cent are in favor of dipping, and want the law enforced so as to A1
eradicate the tick entirely.-S. F. LUSK, Copiah County.
Ap
Personally, I think the eradication of the cattle tick one of the greatest
things the Government has undertaken since it did away with the yellow-fever
mosquito. The boll weevil has done the cotton growers so much damage in
this county this time till we are forced to look to the raising of cattle. With
the tick this would be a failure, so I think the eradication of the tick inesti-
mable for the future salvation of this country.-REISE SAUELL, Newton County.

I consider that the tick-eradication campaign being made in this and adjoin-
ing counties is the best work that the Government has ever done for Missis-
sippi. Dr. Vaughn and his assistants are doing very thorough work in this
(Jasper) county, and I am sure that by the time the summer is ended the
venomous cattle tick will be no more. Quite a number of stock farms are being
started in this section and thoroughbred Bulls are being introduced. We expect
to show you some things in the next five years not before on the map in south-
ern Mississipl)L Let the good work go on.-L. L. DENSON, Jasper County.










I and experience here. The cattle industry, in my judgment, Is sure
the place with us held by cotton hitherto. Best wishes for success.-
i U N, .Lafayette County.
*ifHk tAhd eradication' of ticks is the greatest thing the Government has
aone for the farmers. I lost 90 head out of a herd of 125 head in 1904
Aft: -fever. I did not know what was the matter until 1906.-G. W. BUSH,
County. --
oX-! :nly thing we need is to have our laws made more stringent in regard
g.--CHAS. W. EvANs, Lowudes County.
NORTH CAROLINA.
6jgi:ves me great pleasure i add my testimony to the great value of the
...idication work and the improvement of the cattle industry since its in-
Znixtion. The quality of our cattle is better and especially have pure-
males been introduced to a rather large extent. We are looking forward
Wtth confidence td? the complete extermination of the cattle tick, and the finish-
4f this undertaking will certainly be one of the greatest epochs in the agri-
etlte of the State.-B. W. KILGORE, Director North Carolina Experiment
t.ion.
his :h County is still under quarantine. Work was only begun here last fall,
I can't give a full report. It has been worth $5 per head to me to be rid
bt91 ticks this year. I have lost yearly about $200 on my cattle on account of
iekt--D. W. S. SMITH, Scotland County.

in answering above inquiries it affords me much* pleasure to say that a
-eat wave of modern methods of cattle raising and the provision of pastures
nd feeds for them is now sweeping this country. We are trying to keep the
rse before the cart by providing good pastures first. Great is the progress
*tong this line. The increase in the seeding of land to clover and grasses since
e lifting of quarantine is at least 500 per cent and by leaps and bounds the
Ar A work goes on.-S. A. UNDERWOOD, Stanly County.
Prior to 1911, I lost from 10 to 40 cattle annually out of a herd of 100; since
have been free of the tick I haven't lost one from any disease. Think you
iE .are doing a great work and most heartily indorse the move.-JAcK N. JOHNSTON,
p-f Warren County.
I think a county that is infested with the cattle tick will do well to make
ft effort to eradicate them. When the tick question was raised in this county
Tr; tvme men said there would be ticks here as long as there were rabbits. We
bi.:e:1:: ee rabbits yet, but the cattle ticks are eradicated. I was under quarantine
if:or 12 months. I used 1 gallon of what they called tick oil in a strong soap-
ii :: s once a week. I thoroughly wet the cows in this solution and in less than
H9F;.2 months I saw no sign of ticks. I have seen no sign of ticks from that time
-1,.t 4 th i-JOHN M. MORTON, Stanly County.

... ., OKLAHOMA.
.he eradication of the tick in our county was the most beneficial of anything
Ihat has been done. It not only protects our cattle from disease but we get
ki*-$uh better prices. The Texas fever is a thing of the past in Caddo County.-
SI.-WAMSLIY, Caddo County.






10 CATTLE-TICK ERADICATIOIN. .

There were pastures here before the tick eradication where the cattle prac-
tically all died. There is one pasture right here in 1901 that all the cattle died
except two and they were sucking calves. We cleaned up the pasture and have
never lost any cattle since.-G. F. BUBnxETT, Lincoln County.
I think it is one of the greatest things ever done for our county when the
ticks were cleaned out of it. When it was first advocated I fought it, but now
I am for it stronger than I fought it, and I will say to anyone and tell the
truth I lost 20 per cent of my cattle every season with the fever and now I
don't lose any. I hope this good work will still go on.-M. B. SPARLIN, Ottawa
County.
It cost me about $2,000 before I fully learned that ticks killed cattle.-FH. F.
CAULK, Caddo County.
I have just shipped in one car of purebred cows, and I have two neighbors
that have shipped in a car each. Before tick Iradication we could not handle
this class of cattle, as they would die with the fever.-WM. HOWELL, Ottawa
County.
SOUTH CAROLINA.
Tick eradication has put new life into cattle raising in our county. If we
could only get like cooperation in the stamping out of hog cholera, our people
will then turn to hog raising.-J. A. WOODLEY, Marlboro County.
Have watched the cattle proposition since the eradication of the tick, and
everybody gives it praise. Have particularly noticed the better grade of cattle;
also have never heard of or seen a tick since the work was done. I hope the good
work will continue for the South.-S. P. OLARK, Spartanburg County.

I lost $400 or $500 from the ticks myself before I knew what it was. Lost
some of the best milk cows I ever owned. The money spent for tick eradica-
tion is money well spent. Best thing the Government has done for this section.
Cattle that sold here for 3 to 4 cents on foot now sell from 4 to 54 cents right
here on my farm. I used all my influence in assisting your men here in their
work. I thank you for what you did for me. I hope you will continue the
work.-A. W. RODGERS, Greenwood County.

TENNESSEE.
The general condition of cattle since the Texas tick was exterminated' in
this county has been much improved, the market improvement being one of the
greatest advantages that has come to us since. Our cattle are doing better in
every way, and while there was but a small loss of cattle from the tick there
were some, and many poor cattle from the infection; we are more than pleased
with the work, and it has brought, thousands of dollars each year to this county
that otherwise would have been lost.-GEo. P. LINDSLEY, County Judge Roane
County.
Lawrence County has certainly reaped a great benefit because of the tick
eradication. About 10 years ago I went out in my pasture and found dead 15
or 20 head of 2-year-old steers, and I think I lost as many as 75 out of the
150 that I had at that time. Since the tick eradication began in this county
I have never lost a cow. I have now on the farm 325 head, and I do not believe
there is a tick of any description on the lot. Our county is especially adapted
to the growth of Red and Japan clover, and within the next few years we will
have one of the leading stock counties in the State. I certainly appreciate your
great interest in this tick eradication.-J. H. STRIBLING, Lawrence County.














Seo is more interested in cattle raising in this county now, and all
as are wanting purebred bulls. I think a carload of registered cattle
bI0o fiold here now for breeding purposes. Everyone wants to get rid of
cattle and raise purebred. Since we began tick eradication I have
.a nice herd of thoroughbred Herefords. I paid, in April, $125 for a
Hereford bull calf 9 months old. Five years ago I would not have
fetight on him.-AL JOHNSON, Decatur County.
t k tick eradication is the greatest boon to cattle raisers In existence.
4i lost from 6 to 10 head out of each 100 before tick eradication, but
..l.. ost a single one since I began dipping.-G. W. EATON, Wayne County.
ard ication of ticks in Polk County, Tenn., has done more for the farmers
*i anythl"g that has been done. You can't raise cattle and ticks together.-
fil.. BDie.s, Polk County.
*4Mhnzk the eradication of ticks is the best work the Government ever did for
tri er. I lost more or less every year; since the tick has been eradicated
Bnot lost one.-W. L. HALL, James County.
.tant to state that I was opposed to the enforcement of the quarantine law
start, but am in favor of it at present.-A. F. IAZLEGmROV, Hardeman
/
one thing that was ever done has helped farmers and cattle raisers in this
ty so much as tick eradication. Before, we had no purebreds, and now
have several purebred bulls and herds. Several of our cattle raisers will
t the State fair for the express purpose of buying purebreds. Small cattle
grade are worth as much again since the tick eradication.-JOHN W.
Marion County.

I. .TEXAS.

Sam well pleased with the progress we have made in tick eradication and
assured that our business has greatly benefited with the effort. We have
-,ver injured or lost any cattle in dipping, and our cattle have thrived as well,
Better, than they ever did before, and this year we have received a splendid
i crop.-Louis L. FARE, Tom Green County.
I:-; am an avowed enemy to the cattle tick and strong friend to the eradicative
fiw iM e. Hope in the near future the pest will be driven into the sea.-R. B.
IiM falESON, King County.
i:i: 'figure that two men by bringing in ticky cattle have cost the cattlemen in
*t 2this county alone $75,000 to $100,000. One man lost about 50 out of 100 head,
* :a:in several others lost heavily.-P. L. ANDERSON, Stonewall County.
.... ... :.... ....
I::::: wil-.say eradicating this county of the tick has been worth more than could
-estimated. I myself shared greatly in the losses. As we are about clean
ot the tick now all of our pasture land is in use, grass and cattle are worth more
1*uey, and pasture land has also increased in value.-J. J. SUMMERS, Harde-
WA. County.






12 CATTLE-TICK ERADICATION. ':

To whom this may concern: This is to certify there never has been anything
worth as much to a county as the eradication of ticks has been to this county;
far more than anybody could expect.-J. J. MITCHELL, King County.
The eradication of the tick has been of untold value to the stockmen of this
section.-A. P. OLIVER, Stonewall County.

VIRGINIA.

I am satisfied that the eradication of ticks has greatly stimulated the raising
of cattle in my county. In times past a number of cattle died annually from
fever, but in the last few years the loss on this account has been very little.
In former years it was very dangerous to bring cattle to this county from other
sections of the State, but since the ticks have been eradicated I have heard no
complaint along this line.-R. TURNBULL, Brunswick County.
Prior to tick eradication it was almost certain death to import any good
stock cattle. We knew the fever killed them, but did not know the cause.
Since this county has been freed from ticks I know of 4 dairies which have
been established in it now milking well over 20 cows each, besides several
milking from 4 to 12 cows, all of whom are improving their herds by the use
of purebred bulls.-THEO. WHATELEY, Campbell County.
We had scarcely no ticks in my county, but all of the adjoining counties were
infested, and we were also quarantined, and for this reason I could not make
sales of cattle to go out except for a few weeks in the year. Since the county
has been freed from this trouble I have made great progress in my business of
breeding registered Jersey cattle. Had the tick remained I could not have
continued in this business. While I used to sell cattle for $40 to $60 each, I
now seldom make a sale for less than $100 each. Since January 1, 1913, I have
sold 15 head for an average of $135. Half of these were young bulls and bull
calves.-W. B. GATES, Prince Edward County.
The tick eradication has certainly done great good; there are few deaths now.
It was certainly of great benefit, but the people of this section have never con-
sidered the stock question as they should and have not benefited as much as
they might if they could be brought to realize the value stock would be to their
farms. However, nearly all well-informed people here have come to believe tick
eradication is a fine thing.-ROBERT TANNER, Lunenburg County.

O.


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