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;0F ANIMAL 4NDUSTRY
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work and have agreed to use only pure-bred sires for breeding purpose* !
RAPID PROGRESS IN DISEASE CONTROL.. . .. :,
The United States Department of Agriculture protects the live stock of '
the country from the introduction of foreign animal plagues and is r
working successfully to control and eradicate other diseases and pests. '
The United States is entirely free from foot-aid-mouth disease (aplit& s i
fever), rinderpest, and many other infectious diseases that ravage the "
live-stock industry in other parts of the world. '
Scabies of sheep and cattle and dourine of horses have been almost .
completely eradicated. After -16 years of systematic work the ticks that
cause fever (tristeza or piroplasmosis) of cattle have been exterminated .
in 72 per cent of the area that was origiiially infested, and their complete i
eradication is confidently expected in a few years. Hog cholera is ;
being brought more and more under control by means of sanitation i
and the protective serum treatment. The eradication of bovine tubercu-
losis hias been undertaken in recent years, and several thousand herds
of cattle are now officially accredited as free from this disease. On the
whole, the live stock of the United States is believed to be the healthiest
in the world.
EXTENSIVE EXPERIMENTS CONDUCTED.
The United States Department of Agriculture has a live-stock and
dairy experiment farm near Washington where investigations are con-
stantly being made for the improvement of methods of breeding, feeding
and managing live stock and poultry and working out problems in dairy
farming. The department also has several other experiment farms in
different sections of the country, and in addition each of the 48 States
and the Territories of Alaska, Porto Rico, and Hawaii has an agricultural
experiment station. These numerous institutions carry on investiga-
tions and demonstrations for the development and improvement of the
live-stock industry and agriculture in general under a great variety of
local and climatic conditions. At the United States Morgan HorseFarm
in the eastern State of Vermont the native Morgan breed of hours,
noted for its stamina and endurance, is bred for the propagation of
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POPULAR BREEDS OF SHEEP.
A-similar frieze shows typical sheep of the following breeds: Merijo,
Rambouillet, Shropshire, Corriedale, Lincoln, Cotswold,.and Hawpi-e.
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PANEL Or BEEF CATTLE.
Types of beef cattle raised on a large scale in the United States are
shown by framed pictures on a panel. Both males and females of eaci
of the following breeds are illustrated: Shorthorn, Hereford, Aberdeen-
Angus, and Galloway.
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DAIRY CATTLE AND THEIR RECORDS.
A panel similar, to that for beef cattle presents the breeds of dairy
cattle, namely, Holstein:Friesian, Jersey, Guernsey, Ayrshire, and Brown
Swiss. The legends give the production records both in milk and butter-
fat of outstanding representatives of the breeds.
SUMMARY STATEMENT TOF UNITED 'STATES LIVE-STOCK INDUSTRY. "
*A summary of the live-stock industry of the United States appears in
Sthe form of an open boqk on a pedestal in front of, the principal painting.
The text of the statement is as follows:
Live-stock raising is one of the great industries of the United
States. It supplies, besides meat, many necessities including
milk, wool, and leather. Domestic animals are raised in all
parts of the country, but production is most extensive in
regions where pastures, corn, and forage crops are abundant.
Farms vary greatly in size, but even on the smaller ones,
containing ioo acres or less, several kinds of domestic animals
are generally kept. Cattle, swine, and poultry, together with
horses, sufficient to work the farm, are a very common corn-
bination. Dairying is most extensive' near the largee cities,
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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 1262 08925 9898