The necessity for eradicating foot-and-mouth disease


Material Information

The necessity for eradicating foot-and-mouth disease
Physical Description:
4 p. : ; 23 cm.
United States -- Bureau of Animal Industry
Govt. print. off.
Place of Publication:
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Foot-and-mouth disease   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


Statement of Responsibility:
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry.
General Note:
"Issued October 5, 1915."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030006849
oclc - 68264893
lccn - agr15001406
System ID:

Full Text


U.S. -Ai7ORY

-nilou tozether
this reason
Oluestic anim"J8,+ w
wkok+ a imown +to e due to*',
A vegetabli and am
'"'Ith the+ high Poweu of
1# =Yw;w, easdy sprewl'
bus taught,
AatlM-,of many of the mopo.
Sw *Wiwes
41P Ize, I +, + 00 W "Ous

0-vAok_6 hojpIj;Rhftpj #oatm sAa
YhWhiiwi A% diwaso
b6d + + p*try d
birdg, 099*,+
tbevinm- ediate w'cm'ity
o1zlitter w ll,.,
*Winn*ny,,other ways.
WrY1,61r, kkrmglom
ua nature, foot-and-mouth disease, great'rapidity. A.4
recent outbea*, W'hen in loss than,
Aespitp eiery
Owo kku, precaution tha
tiwsj'the djsme had affected, a imals

16 t6 injaiw b w th6l disease'
rf disqlosp4 'the fact that about one .. .... .
........ ....
re., by prms, earned by
round w +here+, tM iaection
requivid to ftjigate =4',lY
rin. n Ot
+*,C ma
--ra or some m0mber of "wely
qtUr te u7,
vn in a

n2LLL4 WAt %^in WW4.ufa t wshaag ra. v A* A Ma an .%F "AI a&s wAcW. .uAuwN1 uLW v apw wu
authorities of Cincinnati, Ohio, were compelled to have an iMinT@
issued restraining a certain stock buyer from going upon any prenws...
containing animals, as it was ascertained that he was spreading t." ,:
infection. .
In one respect foot-and-mouth disease differs from the majority Of
infectious diseases, in which one attack confers upon the person or
animal affected a permanent -immunity from future attacks of the j:: :!1
same disease. Foot-and-mouth disease does not confer such immune -.?-..
nity, at least of a permanent or lasting nature. Animals which may
recover from the-disease during one outbreak may again be attacked I"
during future outbreaks, or they may even reinfect themselves by
means of germs carried upon their own bodies.
Certain persons who recover from typhoid fever are known to be :7
carriers of that disease long after they have ceased to show or feel any 1
evidence of the disease. In this same manner animals which have
recovered from foot-and-mouth disease may continue to be a constant :
menace to the health of other animals with which they may come in :I
contact. It is trueARt these germ carriers, both animal and human,
are not frequently found, but the fact that they exist must be taken
into consideration when attempting to eradicate the disease.
.An estimate issued by the Department of Agriculture shows there
were in the United States on January 1, 1915, a total of 58,329,000
cattle, 64,618,000 swine, and 49,956,000 sheep. All of these animals
are susceptible to foot-and-mouth disease, and should this disease be
allowed to spread promiscuously over the country it is fair to assume
that the majority, if not practically all of these animals, would be-
come affected.
Although the death rate is not large (estimated from 2 to 3 per
cent in average outbreaks), every animal attacked by the disease is
injured to a greater or less extent. As the disease continues to spread,
however, strains of virus passing through successive herds some-
times result in a much more virulent form of the disease, in which the
death rate may reach as high as 40 or 50 per cent of the animals
In Holland, where the disease now exists continuously, cattle ate
said to be damaged to an extent of $10 each on the average. In Ger-
many, where the same condition exists, the loss is said to average $7
for each head of cattle attacked by the disease. If the disease should
become similarly prevalent in the United States the loss sustained
on the vast number of cattle would aggregate an immense sum.
While swine, sheep, and goats are injured to a less average extent,
the injury in the aggregate would amount to many millions of dol-
lars annually. Breeders of swine in the United States are already

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A M W ..... .. .............. ............. I I. .I I
,,.U.. . ... .. M: UNIVERSITY O F FLO RIDA
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,,.:.',C3r 1262 08858 5269
..i" .. ..:. .... .....
a m:"i fi:! i ..
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itossible to maintain i qugIrap tij W t
t ork:.
J"veterinarians needed to supervise the wor
and the heavy expense of maintaining such a quarantine ri .. ...........
many times the value of-the animals involve. ..............
large Chicago herd the expense per head amo.u1ted to.
the average value of farm cattle. [. ... .: ,,,.:.:: ...,
Owing to the low death rate and the mild- form -of:..L -tHthe:. ..
which is usually manifested at the beginning of an outbreak,tb
drastic methods of eradication necessary, and the general lA:k of
public-knowledge of foot-and-mouth disease, considerable cot.tntill,
is apt to exist wherever those in charge attempt eradicatiot, .1:,
It should be the duty of'every interested stock owner or other ia..
meaning person in affected districts to assist in preventing the"s' m t4:.
of foot-and-mouth disease by every available means. M I
In all such cases it is necessary for the individual ht sacrififet hA
own special interests and to give a spirit of cooperationi .vhi....
measures which experience with the disease wherever it has o... aIN. s.i
shows to be essential to the safety and prosperity of the.vishu ,S
cattle-raising and dairy interests. : .!
. .. . . ,.,..... ... ... .. .. ,,,,i
Every person can help by keeping away from stricken animal
Do not go to see them out of curiosity, and do not permit:. othIerm.k%(:,i||
hers of your household to visit the premises on which such aiml.s.. ....
are confined. Keep your dogs, cats, chickens, and other dome tip. ...,.
animals at home, and keep other people and their animals away from ..:.
your stock and barns. ,
Telegraph immediately to the Department of Agriculture at Wash...": -
'ington reporting any suspicious cases of sore mouth associated with .. ....;
lameness in your stock. Do not take chances. Delay willsave yu.:: .:
nothing, and may greatly harm you or your neighbors. .,
Observe strictly the quarantine regulations and induce your neith.l., jA
bors to do likewise. .Experience has shown that where people -:
with the authorities the loss to the community is trifling compared t9 -o
what it is when they work against them or show indifference.. ,
If you are feeding skim milk or garbage see that it is thoroughly..:.
cooked by boiling before being fed. If there is an outbreak in yourW N.!i
vicinity do not permit milk cans or other objects from creameries or.: ?
other farms to be brought onto your premises.
If the inspector visits your farm aid him in every way to do hiJ:N
work quickly and thoroughly.
If you have not already done so, secure Farmers' Bulletin 86,.i,.
read it, and assist in disseminating the true information aboutt..
disease, for no price is too great to pay to prevent its gainingm::
manency in this country. .. ....