Letter to Fernando Manfredo Jr. detailing problems within the Panama Canal Commission

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Material Information

Title:
Letter to Fernando Manfredo Jr. detailing problems within the Panama Canal Commission
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Creator:
Mercier, George A.
Alvarado, Carlos A.
Wong, Edsel A.
Williams, Carlos
Filos-Remotti, Felix A.
Publication Date:

Notes

Abstract:
Problems are focused on the inequalities of benefits and pay between U.S.and Panamanian workers to favor the U.S. workers.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Panama Canal Museum Collection at the University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and is in the public domain pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
accession number - 2013.19.20
System ID:
AA00018698:00001


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JiAnudry 22, 1990


Mr. Furnand1o Mntrc1do, Jr.
ACLifAJ Jumnitrartor
ljulub4 jivit~tty, 4qVyb~c of Ponimit
Uuar Mr. Honcrudo;

II L)Lh Luyt, yOU and .Mr. McAuli t u havoc givon tho
ujuwriunJd uI ior COwuibiton Iuanf oJ cho opportunity tO bring
LICClU IiiJ44 LO your Otcunllonl thist WU Porco voo Oki he ving
Uiti lCci la ic on pc On Clio l mthumnun0tO W hu tfoncy. Again WA
1P4ku Ll ydyuz o(LJ QCil 4( ottu.
Vui r &ium tim now, w hAvu buun liitening to complaints
iu.Lu oy nuiuuw'ous iuployuu (including thoro in lowur r'nkng
l~i&jiJuaba4 L)OidIO(inu) COlncoring whatls h purcuiv4d t
mal e.iiwidjui~Iuu ot Lt gv( tve-ducrpjising fund4 itv4iliXula for
troal Ulu4QyQO.U, Wy OJQ1JUvW 8 itu our rLA ponCOlbi y h to bring

AkLi(O X, p4rygruph of thu Ponama Canal Treaty, statou,
In part;: PWithi rQar(I Lo w~rqoa itnd tringd bunaf itsf, thoro
uWil^ bu no 1criUucl4ntiton on t.h" t uti oaf no.ionItiUty, scx, or
toc.u,0 Cgrtin vodltional r munvrutions 'nd b1n~tfits enjoyed
by UU.t;. nliozialv (yl4oyg0 prior to'un-rry into forcw of tho
vg=tLy wQ9 0dvUvQ ;Qtr Q bo 0iocrimtinotory.
Suctiull 4206 o tho anaJn4 Can4l ACt (P.L. 96-70) reads a4
\
"e,. 1206*. tLtuctivo beginning Octobor f 1984, each
oLticor and 01 1toyu Ot thu Couumiion who is i citizen of
Lihu UntrLd Cat. i nd wam Jmplytaa by th; Puasns Cnil
Colnln oAy Of.h CCnanl onu.Covugruaunc on 6 Sptorir 30, 1979.
or who ia in inoividu4l ot Ony nationtlicy r3cruittp
Outrid thu UuubJlc of ono,,i *fttr JSptumbor 30, 1979.
UUL,; bo p liyin' which My rwa u. fom troha trmainatcion of Olig4ib~lty
u( thv oaticu- gr iripioyYU tna hid d4JpC)ndtnc to UsO
i4U1#C ^Opft.l OurvicL^, tioluI titoru;; mand t zchangose The






HCr rii'nq hiufryO, J ry' 22. 990
LAOunc oat Lth" *Uow~nCu ipoy bu Out orminad by tho Couuisuion*.
(UndurMCOc ag o4^r) VQtu ;hlt; cthiu 4UQwoncu lu not wmtoutry
OAd ,I; pUrpoaV io g co nlucbululocu or coipanaucu jtiy
iacr441d0. Cos; 9t lving Fur4u).Q t1Oiu trnt lotioi oa uio of
Wltvvry YqVVY; yVfqVV* volvo 4V(940 OJI4 U~chiAQU9
0
HW h.1v qjtd tojp bbovu ru uruncou bucuuuo., in our opinion.
Owuy .rt cho origin 9t wuoit ot chu ucciona or d1citions
conuiadca4 uAtolt by r.hu wiiployuu wigh h4tvu apo)on co us,
Libt4yd buow oryu t4w uw4jor cu0uplclacn thia w, hiavu huitrd rn4
I|opqo Lh4;I wI Vyy V m F hu pQu y OU i40 Miccurculy u&i

1." Tho *qu~ty" packagu benefits racultinq from theo log
of V 4 id poV41 prtvOgtuQ wag, ent continuua to Da, An
overw-gpnvarqua o0tc, rvu houving, fruu ucilitimu t#nd cbo
sidtlcono ul tfovvj 9bnotjf c umployoua und dyoptndenta do not
u yrv9 iw(uvlY to "ottou ; chu, loutiu ot the aLorocctod priyilugoi,
Thuy havu !ignj;ttny ^UCjAgtINP tho pdku-oiio pay ind
ditpotipbla tncQioJ Of the onotilciaruJ, ovor und 4bova what th4
eCCu9. log o(0 prOyflyugov ruprU4iun;.Vd So much.0 o thaC thOs.
U.i. cil; onq who# bigaUvOo ot Vhriir bpouauis' tgnploynwnt with
0 IOU, jupc i un #4 Pq0l. privtluoJ and, thuu, wuau inoliQibii
tor UqU;4y pucC4#.y bunutcu, havu continuouuly co.uplirnua
Lacbuiu tY tVyl thWir co-workru ooc 4 bcottr duol und if
jivuin 4 cholic, thuy WouL4 chOtou Oquity pcka-go bonat'its ovar

2. Thouo U.*.* wmploytea who lost purchueo and pot4;l
privilaga v&nd who qu 1itlU.tpr thu equity pgCkage continu64,
Oftoc OCtQobuC 1 19t4, to bu pu mittiod to uhop #t "pckAdg
6toruso 64 U.s. W1itory Jnutoiutioanu. nothing in thu nTCrty
oC roblic Low 9-70 or n any mubtuquunt .# uuu.nc bucwooa tho

3. In April 19880, thouu caployOft roc'uivlog the equiLty
pockogo worU gcuintu, bocoutuo of thu utrikod caused by tho thon
turbulent politico Conditiong in the Ut;cotuc of Pan4144 City
dud Colon. t.o'pofory liwirud shopping privilagut (;75/d4oy) in
tkhi "Ahopp.tu^ locr% tuf wM h6n US. mititoury ufknIVu mt u.-.
Thu conditLon wh)cG. g.vu rJau to thiu butnut t ctfd iuuvyiart

4. In 0ca br 1 89. .u a result of the U.S. iUlitary
*ction in Pan..un, cbt .quity pdckIgu euployoit wore grdintsd
tull couawadary and )tLMIud PX prnilv tfu 1 ((OO/4y). j of
I^) lrt,,gp lht b>n< b.auittnt. oigInally g tntyd bsc4u 0 ot thle OtfB Of pucchbaa
prTL ;iv '4tGoj WE u^r, Jn^ ouQ


2






*9*0
Hr. ^yurn~ndo Man ztodo, Jr., Janu [r.y 22 ,990

iS. Octoboir 1964. Equity p4ck4a9 nploybn wacro givan
tub fight tO u4u lhu U.st. Uuit6yIu DIplomSuALIc ouch *noO 44 a
geulL0 SW #gQU4CY Qrurotu4 4 iacxiicy tor tLhM pucpoi6u witch
coafLg Lhu Cowu iti~oa tuW1(druwh oc jhovtiatnau oc dollgrat pur
y(Ar. QOLULPq Pa 04 T4YOY o0 Pd4. VJa*70 pCunitu thta4 poutcl
tunutU ,*,

i, In HfSy 19t19 bWc#uu ot thb political trnion bdEwaun
Ltil U.S. 4n Pentew thu agency 06CIDiihud IM4 continuum to
Ol urt Volunltgy Tu uporory Ruhoca ion Progrwuu tor upcindcldnt
ot U.S. c .Ljuva who wtUh to rulocacu to thi Unitud Stucus. At
.' tilu goncylu 04p4ova, i; poviduu ,ounca-trip tronaportr.ion fo,
Ihia 40pundo nft, 4 Wull 40 tor 0" yIuployuu Co vidic Cho
duapoiaaacs And a por OUo rotLu of ;16.S pur iay por
apunauc., .himu pcogror iu coucinq V'CC huadr.da o1f thouuanda;
ot 0ll1,ru. Thy x9 tiOlwuou os Lhu p (J 'o tu apjjpl:ruM to no iongjw
uxi^6; 1u1wavcr, wv.undgtt;L n thoru iii no pln to diuconinuu
ir. Osn Utu OlhQr bhina, chu .ronaportatLon ullowaincu tor
ronatuanl.nu woq C;fiqqjUv4 04 oon U4 tulu costaitiono chunguds
7. In DuCulibar 19U9, trhu uQuncy qxtondod honi loivd
6anatlti to puarly 100 U.S. amployau hitrut4 prior Co untcry into
torcu at tho.trv4Y opil who 41 no quality tor thu bQnufi;
bacaulso thy, Wyrg lQC41 )4ircu. 1E iu uyciust4ctad Chat Chia
privilagd will CO t Cho Coiwulation uoru thun $100,OOO yuo4rly.
No "LitiLcuctoo l uidt to( -ovlditng thid now bvn.ttt, POD
Murnciu4 on bq 4q(uw 0o 0op 91vq fch9u bth4 U t to htdr loco,
hituci.
d. JusL rucantly, 4n t5% reduction in rent ham buun
approvud tor thOa ukaployuou who Oil not qualify :or thra equity
packogo. Thu Juuitiiu;tion uppoaru to ba thit thurO naudd co
b" a batter *btloncvo butwt n &hotu who gat thId Uquity packoad
(#nl now 91hopputtV *i wall # *, ull Cozuitiajry nd iminitd kx
privilog U) 0d0 ,obtoug WhO kupt ,hi purchdtu a nd postal
pivtlugu4 coCi;t e4uluuvon thb'C thu equity puckago
buostiut uigiticunrty v.cuud thu bunufittu durivyd froiu the
contl auittog oc pucheu*u naui Po Di'priv0'ua;. loc only oo.fA
chln iict.on. Murvu to ruagu Iuoryv diupaicy btcLwotn U.S. und
Pin~ss'.ninn te ~o at, bug tac~uaau uos o( thu rtoiduncu tn
CondI quart r. gu glun~ni n (tho y who wuru 9ruM ta;h 4 in
thbr reuI4dncuuo v;t thu ci;o ot Tr^;ty i5DInontatJion-
.z-poltc, OitICrtf (r ncip 1lly), it .sluo u.rvuti to carva out
d* cttCaolncuw n t" CrIn^ bauwftit within th4 Pans~nian work
tOrCts. ThiMt iCt4on w*4l *dd nhuGLr1( f.000,000 Q nnualy to thu
* *Jruady eur wqu *C~nu4tavxr^ndiursi.


i In this Mpctitic cua wo bolievo that this benefit an4 thq
wOy it wAU #pyrovvw iy highly irrugulor, to uioythd luac.t


3








ti. yugm^nO H ntrudOd Jr., Janudry 22, 1990
Iornallyi, # dociaion ot this manitudao, is takun after
ingrge-ugncy br tfing ona cooraination. tHow4vr, in this
ingtgffCuy, thi#i w not tho cobu. ha tutrfing W4 Gapparntly
dot a in baC(uL "4111iid Announc*41d i4t 4CCOIapI. ZIt it hard
iboc to bog this Action by Llho tormiru ALaini&ciLaoto aus A lack of.
rodljoCt t O( th o thOUland ott ciiplOyOu thatC havu Workiot wich
Lbuch dudlCfatiun O a lun y (Ihac 111 u coud lvU t|hu lqonlcy with a
bflizu ot Prid9.
9. With rubpuct to CC housing aviil1bility for the Qvor
jrUWi1fn9 iuiaU oat lnalunaiun workur1s, um1ployuu3 maintain thac
thuo aituiniucrrtcio haMa not donu uIiouJh to tuaku thim happen.
Thauy hkva huard x CuasC u ranging troa truosty prohibitions; to
"U.t. GouvucrMuou objQLiond co Q.P. Gov uu1)rUnt objuccionfl. Th6
facc is that#, opCetlonolly, it nucuutury otar PCC to provide
houing nuo t thu workUit to kuy utuployou6 ;o ufnuru concinuud,
uninturcuptuvd ouvicu 1n tidUa odQ poliUCoL uph)Av#1,4 nlaural
(ii1661itura #A13 ahor vH uc^
10. An tffort il currently underway by thd Comifision to
axtun and tropic#1 difcrantial pay 'to 411 thoso U.S. citizens who
war* uployad Oca1lly b otwoun July 3, 197 6 and 4 entry into fQrca
of ho Troacy. Thim would d ncoinpjsu somnu 110 nmployda ind itu
uddtion4l yo.vly Cq G trO PCC would bu in thu neighborhood of
boo000. '

11. Throughout tho y&art thare havu boon numerous
adtuinitrtivO upgrbdingu ot position4 by th4 mini1Crator
(tlhuSu rv grdu a oiatoinud by cthuoAainititratoi which ora not
tiupportud by alIu/Aic.ion principali. Thu majority ot 0hu
bunaticioru 9f ot hiuuo upgrading havu boan U.Se. citiznt. iutC,
ur4ablut. oat citi;,unhip, trwus4 arbitrary'upgr1dintq Uorvo
Wtainly to cric.i rtnuant 4nd ui )linumqntt among guoncy
auonuereu.
12. t Mny aioployuous till cannot comiprohand why a
Pani sunian citLgon could not havu boan naiwd u O Dputy Diroctor
Of thu Pul1ic ttat"i OQtfiCu, intuaisd Of dividing tho position
in tw u in o04u0 Co pl au u ptruon without uixparinuc in tho
ti"ldg of public 1 1ic onu or public information.
Oparationill.y an4d Co-ntatit-witu, imilr concarnas hav. bdon
voicu4 concurnpig hu 8plit of thu Doaputy Adtiniutcrtor in
two. Wu u-u "uppo Gidly uIdIur in tIructiont fro;a thu boA& O'A
DO~wcLorgto r.1ducu top ]uvul titt po~iition^ und quite thu
oplpoic~u I occurring *t thu hi'2huyt iUvuli, with iccompunying

Thu work forca viuwit thu abov.-citod actionsr *s
d4lVctianatloiy. Thu utquicy pPck go, purchitsu privile6es,
diplomatic pouch, rvn; rtthuccion, tropic4l dittorunticl pay,
hoam luavw bainluitt, *diminitrstivu upgrading ot joba,


4





Cuorg0 A Hfrciur




iCdtw. A. ng
Deputy Dticctc oft
Jn~dI.irt$~l Mlg4opu.


.S i~c ly, .


Carlou A. Alvarado
Dw.puy hMrina Dir.ctor



Coalo0 WIIILal"
AU.ocC Oiruccor, Porsonnal Policy
on4l Pcogramu tfttt


aliz A,. Filos-Ropuotti.
%M4ut, 9angona). Op9r4ttons Div.


6 1


5


tics kcnaii4o H4anpa4o. ir., eJnuLxry 22,4 1990
r.loc..tLon pcogruia banofiti, tc., ra viowud as wgimmicklo to
ncruau bhou t u O hoM pay und 4 aipouablu income ot a group of
uwPloy#'.t, thvcw.y vjqerutj 4rfcjv X pjgruiaph 6 at Lho
Truaay. s 14i0tjo4#ly, wq, #u in gvur4 4ru uuply concurnud
th0i6 tIhluuu GOciy b*;nuttu va# u eimuczi;ry ti CiIl Cdain ont
hiw agauicy Qon iqr4ing our c.rrncr prucariou aingnctas
coaldiLoa On4 loui6 .0o1 pwouitinqj pro uccion a for ho tuturo.
Wo coaElnu9 eO vivo *Wpy ? nutcti worth Wuillion ot follicM to
14% OV hiau WOrk 4Cu(CU o tIh 4t ch au luo Cllu WU Cut b ack
tiflntj pcomraa, poruponu Canjecunc projycu und potponL

Tito atu u ot tC& PCC workrau hs bacn impacted ngattivly
a1ni w 'ru ,uQinnin9 qto uu pol rizocion of thu binacionl
torCu, Avrt4.u&lby, !iAny 0upLoyouiu porcuivo you Una cho
unauruiog fa i bq o a.an4t loouc yrctloly rponuiblu for th6aO
Iniuquiut buCauu Cu in tthultr viuw, u t hvu uichar 4pprOv4d,
ou.portda ot u; th. vuoy luaC .- Inot objucc d to t.haog
sccionat Thay Ca O Ul0 0,olacontidonc4 in our loadarfhip# ihg
obvlouu Inain4uioni. thtC ruJr4laub o t cho poititonu Wo
occupy, thq .docliionald "V I^ U madn4 by your i w diiact
uanaijaoluun tlubord n4tolw ,w wlo many tiroai bunotfit rom thaSo
umao aucigiioan -- witW whet oppaoru to bo Litcl consid4recion
tO tllau iaIiC. on CQ itGlcioncy and utura of thb Ce nli.


el




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