Text of laws of the United States and Canada relating to game and birds

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Text of laws of the United States and Canada relating to game and birds
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S. It. A.-B. S. 62. Issued August, 1924.

United States Department of Agriculture


SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS

BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY


TEXT OF LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA
RELATING TO GAME AND BIRDS

The full text of the laws and regulations which follow was for-
merly published in the annual bulletin of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture on the game laws. Summarized information
concerning open seasons on game, licenses, bag limits, possession,
sale, interstate transportation, and provisions relating to imported
game and game raised in captivity is published in Farmers' Bulletin
No. 1444, "Game Laws for the Season 1924-25: A Summary of the
Provisions of Federal, State, and Provincial Statutes."


CONVENT ]HE UNITED STATES AND GREAT
-- PROT ACTION OF MIGRATORY BIRDS IN THE
UNrT EAn ADA'
I, -" [ 9 Stat. 1702]
I *" "BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

).... ONPO 7S^ .l-_-A-OCLAM.ATION

Whereas a convention between the United States of America and
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for the protection
of migratory birds in the United States and Canada was concluded
and signed by their respective plenipotentiaries at Washington on
the 16th day of August, 1916, the original of which convention is
word for word as follows:
Whereas, many species of birds in the course of their annual mi-
grations traverse certain parts of the United States and the Domin-
ion of Canada; and
Signed at Washington Aug. 16, 1916; ratification advised by the Senate Aug. 29. rati-
fied by the President Sept. 1, and by Great Britain Oct. 20; ratifications cxelianged Dec.
7; proclaimed Dec. 8, 1916. Constitutionality of the treaty and act of July :1. 191,. sus-
tained by the UITnited States Supreme Court in a deci.-ion rendered Apr. li1, 1920, in the
case of the State of Missouri v. Ray P. Holland (252 U. S. 416) ; see also U. S. v. Lump-
kin (276 Fed. 580).
Canada, by an act of Parliament approved Aug. 29. 1917, gave full effect to this con-
vention and promulgated regulations thereunder May 11, 1918. Thin validity of the act of
the Dominion Parliament was upheld by the Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island in a
decision (Michaelmas term, 1920) rendered in the case of The King v. Hus!-ell C. Clark.
22920-24-- 1




BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY


Whereas. many of these species are of great value as a source of
food or in destroying insects which are injurious to forests and for-
age plants on the public domain, as well as to agricultural crops, in
both the United States and Canada, but are nevertheless in danger
of extermination through lack of adequate protection during the
nesting season or while on their way to and from their breeding
grounds;
The United States of America and His Majesty the King of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British
Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India, being desirous of
saving from indiscriminate slaughter and of insuring the preserva-
tion of such migratory birds as are either useful to man or harmless,
have resolved to adopt some uniform system of protection which shall
effectively accomplish such objects and to the end of concluding a
convention for this purpose have appointed as their respective pleni-
potentiaries:
The President of the United States of America, Robert Lansing,
Secretary of State of the United States; and
His Britannic Majesty, the Right Hon. Sir Cecil Arthur Spring
Rice, G. C. V. 0., K. C. M. G., etc., His Majesty's ambassador extraor-
dinary and plenipotentiary at Washington;
Who, after having communicated to each other their respective
full powers, which were found to be in due and proper form, have
agreed to and adopted the following articles:

ARTICLE I

The high contracting powers declare that the migratory birds included in the
termnis of this convention shall be as follows:
1. Migratory game birds:
(a) Anatidae or waterfowl, including brant, wild ducks, geese, and swans.
(b) Gruidae or cranes, including little brown, sandhill, and whooping cranes.
(c) Rallidae or rails, including coots, gallinules and sora and other rails.
(d) Limicolae or shorebirds, including avocets, curlew, dowitellers, godwits,
knots, oyster catchers, phalaropes, plovers, sandpipers, snipe, stilts, surf birds,
turnstones, willet, woodcock and yellowlegs.
(e) Coluni idae or pigeons, including doves and wild pigeons.
2. Migratory insectivorous birds: Bobolinks, catbirds, chickadee, cuickos,
flickers, flycatchlers, grosbeaks, humming birds, kinglets, martins, meadowlarks,
nighthawks or bull bats, nut-hatches, orioles, robins, shrikes, swallows, swifts,
tanaigers, titmice, thrushles, vireos, warblers, wax-wings, whippoorwills, wood-
peckers, and wrens, and all other perching birds which feed entirely or chiefly
on insects.
3. Other migiratory nongame birds: Auks, auklets, bitterns, fulmars, gannets,
greles, guillemnots, gulls, lherons, jaegers, loons, murres, petrels, puffins, shear-
waters, and terns.
ARTICLE II
The high contracting powers agree that, as an effective means of preserving
migratory bir(1ds there shall he established the following close seasons during
which no hunting shall be done except for scientific or propagating purposes
under permits issued by proper authorities.
1. The c)..e se.soin on imigratory giame birds shall be between Mrirch 10 and(
September 1, except that the close season on the Limicolaie or shorebirds in the
M.atritine Provinces of Can;ida and in those States of the United States border-
iug on the Atlantic O e;in which are situated wholly or in part north of Chlesa-
peile Iiay shall he between February 1 and August 15, and that Indians may
<;ke at any time sciters for fiod but not for sale. The season for hunting
sliall be further r(-4 priced to suich period nut exceedling three and one-lhalf months


[S. R. A.





LAWS RELATING TO GAME AND BIRDS


as the high contracting powers may severally deem apprIpriate and define by
law or regulation.
2. The close season on migratory insectivorous birds shall continue throughout
the year.
3. The close season on other migratory nonganie birds shall continue thro.-'h-
out the year, except that Eskimos and Indians m;>y tiak<, at any se ,-ion auks,
auklets, guillemots, murres, and puffirs, and their eggs, for fod anil their skils
for clothing, but the birds and eggs so taken shall not be sold or offVred for sale.

ARTICLE III

The high contracting powers agree that during the period of 10 year, next
following the going into effect of this convention there shall be a continuous cliise
season on the following migratory game birds, to wit:
Band-tailed pigeons., little brown, san(dhill, and whooiiilz cranps, s.;%Ins, cur-
lew, and all shorebirds (except the blak-hreanted and golden plover, Wilson or
jack snipe, woodcock, and the greater and les.4er yellowl]'s) ; provided that
during such 10 years the close seasons on cranes, swans, and curlew in the
Province of British Columbia shall be made by the proper authorities of that
Province within the general dates and limitati,,n, elsewhere pres-crilbed in this
convention for the respective groups to which these birds belong.

ARTICLE IV

The high contracting powers agree thlit special protection shall be given the
wood duck and the eider duck either (1) by a close -eansin extending over a
period of at least 5 years, or (2) by the establishment of refuges, or (3) by
such other regulations as may be deemed appropriate.

ARTICLE V

The taking of nests or eggs of migratory came or insectivorous or nongame
birds shall be prohibited, except for scientific or propagating purposes under
such laws or regulations as the high co-utracting" powers may severally deem
appropriate.
ARTICLE VI

The high contracting powers agree that the shipment or export of miratory
birds or their eggs from any State or Province, during the continuance of the
close season in such State or Province. shall be prohibited except for scientific
or propagating purposes, and the international traffic in any birds or eggs
at such time captured, killed, taken, or shipped at any time contrary to the
laws of the State or Province in which the same were 'captured. killed, taken,
or shipped shall be likewise prohibited. Every package containing, migratory
birds or any parts thereof or any eggs of migratory birds transported, or
offered for transportation from the United States into the Dominion of C;ina;da
or from the Dominion of Canada into the United States, shall have the name
and address of the shipper and an accurate statement of the contents clearly
marked on the outside of such package.

ARTICLE VII

Permits to kill any of the above-named birds which under extraordinary con-
ditions may become seriously injurious to the agricultural or other interests
in any particular community, may be issued by the proper authorities of the
high contracting powers under suitable regulations prescribed ther,'for by
them, respectively, but such permits shall lapse or may be canceled ;at any
time when, in the opinion of said authorities,. the particular exi-eli'.y lhaas.
passed, and no birds killed under this article .hall be shipped, sold, or offered
for sale.
ARTICLE VIII

The high contracting powers agree themselves to take. or propose to [heir
respective appropriate law-making bodies, the necessary measures for insuring
the execution of the present convention.


B. S. 62]





BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY


ARTICLE IX
The present convention shall be ratified by the President of the United States
of America. by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by
His Britannic Majesty. The ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington as
soon as possible and the convention shall take effect on the date of the ex-
change of the ratifications. It shall remain in force for 15 years and in the
event of neither of the high contracting powers having given notification 12
months before the expiration of said period of 15 years of its intention of
terminating its operation, the convention shall continue to remain in force
for 1 year and so on from year to year.
In faith whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the
present convention in duplicate and have hereunto affixed their seals.
Done at Washington this 16th day of August, 1916.
[SEAL.] ROBERT LANSING.
[SEAL.] CECIL SPRING RICE.

And whereas the said convention has been duly ratified on both
parts, and the ratifications of the two Governments were exchanged
in the city of Washington on the 7th day of December, 1916:
Now, therefore, be it known that I, WooDROW WILSON, President
of the United States of America, have caused the said convention
to be made public, to the end that the same and every article and
clause thereof may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the
United States and the citizens thereof.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the
seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington this 8th day of December in the
year of our Lord 1916, and of the independence of the United States
of America the 141st.
[SEAL.] WOODROW WILSON.
By the President:
ROBERT LANSING,
Secretary of State.


MIGRATORY-BIRD TREATY ACT
[Approved July 3, 1918. 40 Stat. 755]
An act to giv, effect to the convention between the United States and Great Britain
for the protection of migratory birds concluded at Washington, August 16, 1916, and
for other purposes.
Be it cmicted by the Senite and House of Reprcscitraitic. of the United
Statc-. of Amcerica in Congress a.ssenli bled, That this eact shall be known by the
short title of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act."
SF(C. 2. That unless and except as permitted by regulations made as herein-
after provided, it shall he unlawful to hunt, take, capture, kill, attempt to
take. capture or kill, possess, offer for sale, sell, offer to purchase, purchase.
deliver for shipment, ship, cause to be shipped, d(leliver for transportation,
transport, cause to be transported, carry or cause to be carried by any means
wlhatevtr, receive for shiminent, transportation or carriage, or export, at any
tinime or in any manner, any migratory bird, included in the terms of the con-
venin i bet wee\\n the Unit(ed States and Great Britain for thle protection of
iniigratory birds concluded August 16, 1916, or any part, nest, or egg of any
such bird.
SiT.:. 3. Tl:iat subject to the provisions and in order to carry out the purposes
of the convention, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed, from


[S. R. A.






LAWS RELATING TO GAME AND BIRDS


time to time. having due regard to the zones of temperature and to the distri-
bution, abundance, economic value, breeding habits, and times. and lines of
migratory flight of such birds, to determine when, to what extent, if at alnil,
and by what means, it is compatible with the termnis of the convent i in to allow
hunting, taking, capture, killing, possession, sale. purchase. slhipimnt. trnins-
portation, carriage, or export of any such bird. or any part, nest, or (..egg Tlireof,
and to adopt suitable regulations permitting andil governing the same. in ac-
cordance with such determinations, which regulations shall become effective
when approved by the President.
SEC. 4. That it shall be unlawful to ship, transport, or carry, by any nmains
whatever, from one State, Territory, or District to or through another Sta;te.
Territory, or District, or to or through a foreign country, any bird. or any
part, nest, or egg thereof, captured, killed, taken. slipped, trainsjporte(d, or
carried at any time contrary to the laws of the State, Territory, or District in
which it was captured, killed, or taken, or from which it was shipped, trans-
ported, or carried. It shall be unlawful to import any bird, or any p;irt, nest,
or egg thereof, captured, killed, taken, shipped, transported, or carried con-
trary to the laws of any Province of the Dominion of Cana;da in which the
same was captured, killed, or taken, or from which it was. shipped, transported,
or carried.
SE.C. 5. That any employee of thle Department of Agriculture authorized by
the Secretary of Agriculture to enforce the provisions of this act shall have
power, without w-arrant, to arrest any person committing a violation of this act
in his presence or view and to take such person immediately for examination
or trial before an officer or court of competent jurisdiction; sliall have power
to execute any warrant or other process issued by an officer or court of com-
petent jurisdiction for the enforcement of the provisions of this act ; and shall
have authority, with a search warrant, to search any place. The several judges
of the courts established under tlhe laws of the United States, and United
States commissioners may, within their respective jurisdictions, upon proper
oath or affirmation showing probable cause, issue warrants in all such .:1ses.
All birds, or parts, nests, or eggs thereof, captured, killed, t;ken. shipped.
transported, carried, or possessed contrary to the provisions of this act or of
any regulations made pursuant thereto shall, when found, be seized by any
such employee, or by any marshal o(r deputy marshal, and, upon conviction of
the offender or upon judgment of a court of the United States that the same
were captured, killed, taken, shipped, transported, carried, or posse5sspd con-
trary to the provisions of this act or of any regulation made pursuant thereto,
shall be forfeited to the United States and disposed of as directed by the
court having jurisdiction.
SEC. 6. That any person, association, partnership, or corporation who shall
violate any of the provisions of said convention or of this act, or who shall
violate or fail to comply with any regulation made pursuant to this act, sliall
be deemed guilty of misdemeanor and 'jpon conviction thereo)f shall be fined
not more than $500 or be imprisoned not more than six months, or both.
SEC. 7. That nothing in this act shall be construed to prevent the several
States and Territories from making or enforcing laws or regulations not in-
consistent with tlhe provisions of said convention or of this act, or from
making or enforcing laws or regulations which shall give further protection to
migratory birds, their nests, and eg'P-s. if such laws or regulations do not ex-
tend the open seasons for such birds beyond the dates approved by the President
in accordance with section three of this act.
SEC. 8. That until tlhe adoption and approval, pursuant to section 3 of this
act. of regulations dealing with migratory birds and their ne.st, and eggs. suc.h
migratory birds and their nests and eggs as are intended and used exclusively
for scientific or propagating purposes may be taken, captured, killed, poss,,sed,
sold, purchased, shipped, and transported for such scientific or propagating
purposes if and to the extent not in conflict with the laws of the State. Terri-
tory, or District in which they are taken, captured, killed, possessed, sold, or
purchased, or in or from which they are shipped or transported if the packages
containing the dead bodies or the nests or eggs of such birds when shipped and
transported shall be marked on tlhe outside thereof so as a(c.urmtely and clearly
to show the name and address of the shipper and the contents of the package.
SEC. 9. That the unexpended balances of any ;uins appropriated by the agri-
cultural appropriation acts for the fiscal years 1917 and 1918, for enforcing
the provisions of the act approved March 4, 1913, relating to the protection of
migratory game and insectivorous birds, are hereby reappropriated and made


B. S. 62)






BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY


available until expended for the expenses of carrying into effect the provisions
of this act and regulations made pursuant thereto, including the payment of
such rent. :ind the employment of such persons and means, as the Secretary of
Agriculture mn:;iy deem nr-cessary, in the District of Columbia and elsewhere,
cooperation with 1,ci-l authorities in the protection of migratory birds, and
necessary iinvesti;hations connectedd therewith: Prorided. That no person who
is subject to the draft for service in the Army or Navy shall he exempted or
excused fromi such service by reason of his employment under this act.
SEC. 10. That if any clau.se. sentence. paragraph., or part of this act shall, for
any reason. 1be adjud-ed by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid.
such jud-mnent shall no4t affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder thereof, but
shall be confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph, or part
thereof directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment shall have
been rendered.
SEC. 11. That all !,wts or parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions of this
act are hereby repealed.
SEC. 12. Nothing in this act shall be construed to prevent the breeding of
migratory game birds on farms and preserves and the sale of birds so bred un-
der proper regulation for the purpose of increasing the food supply.
SEC. 13. That this act shall become effective immediately upon its passage
and approval.


MIGRATORY-BIRD TREATY-ACT REGULATIONS

[As approved and promulgated by the President. July 31, 1918, and amended October
25. 1918, July 28, 1919, July 9. 1920. March 3, 1921, May 17. 1921, March 8, 1922,
April 10, 192., June 11, 1923, April 11, 1924, and July 2, 1924.]
REGULATION I.-DEFINITIONS OF MIGRATORY BIRDS

Migratory birds, included in the terms of the convention between the United
States and Great Britain for the protection of migratory birds, concluded
Auii,-wut 16. 1916, are as follows:
1. Mfigrator i game birds:
(a) Anatidre. or waterfowl, including brant, wild ducks, geese, and swans.
(b) Gruid.e. or cranes, including little brown, sandhill, and whooping cranes.
(c) RallidP. or rails, including coot, gallinules, and sora and other rails.
(d) LimicolT, or shorebirds, including. avocets. curlews, dowitchers. godwits,
knots, oyster catchers, ph;ilaropes, plovers, sandpipers, snipe, stilts, surf birds,
turnstones, willet, woodocfw.. and yellowlegs.
(e) Columbid.. or pigeons, including doves and wild pigeons.
2. Mirnafory inf.qef.irorou.q bird.q: Cuckoos: flickers and other woodpeckers;
nighlith;wks or bull-lbats and whip-poor-O'ills; swifts; hummingbirds; flycatch-
ers; bobolinks, meadowlarks. and orioles: grosbeaks; tanagers; martins and
other swallows; waxwings; shrikes; vireos: warblers;: pipits; catbirds and
brown thrashers;: wron.; brown creepers; nuthatches; chickadees and titmice;
kin,,lets and gnat catchers; robins and other thrushes; and all other perching
birds which feed entirely or chiefly on insects.
.. Other minaratori non.name bird.s-: Auks, auklets. bitterns, fulmars, gannets.
grbl'es, guillemrnots, gulls, herons, jaegers, loons, murres, petrels, puffins, shear-
waters,. and terns.
[As amended July 9, 1920.1
REGULATION 2.-DEFINITIONS OF TERMS

For the purposes of these regulations the following terms shall be construed,
respectively, to mean-
S,-rctary.-The Secretary of Agriculture of the United States.
Pers,,n.-The plural or the singular, as the case demands, including indi-
vidu;imls, associations, partnerships, and corporations, unless the context other-
wise requires.
Take.-Tlie pursuit, hunting, capture, or killing of migratory birds in the
m tcilter and by the means specifically permitted.
Oli,'i i.fon.-The time duringg which migratory birds may be taken.
Tran.sioi.-Shipp~ing, translportin.:. carrying. exporting, receiving or deliver-
ing for shipment, transportation, carriage, or export.


[S. R.A.






LAWS RELATING TO GAME AND BIRDS


REGULATION 3.-MEANS BY WHICH MIGRATORY GAME BIRDS MAY BE TAKEN

The migratory game birds specified in regulation 4 hereof may be taken
during the open season with a gun only, not larger tl1a,1 No. 10 gauge. fired
from the shoulder, except as specifically permitted by regulations 7, 8, 9, and 10
hereof; they may be taken during the open season from the lhind and water,
with the aid of a do-g., the use of dei.%v-. and from a blind or floating, device
(other than I an airplane, powerboat, sailboat, any boat under sail, or any
floating device towed by powerboat or sailboat).
[As amended July 28. 1919, March 3. 1921. and May 17, 1921.]
REGULATION 4.-OPEN SEASONS ON AND POSSESSION OF CERTAIN MIGRATORY
GAME BIRDS

For the purpose of this regulation, each period of time herein prescribed as an
open season shall be construed to include the first and las.;t (lays thereof.
Waterfowl (except wood duck, eider ducks, and swans), rails, coot, gallinules,
black-bellied and golden plovers, greater and lesser yellowlegs, woodcock, W'ilson
snipe or jacksnipe, and mourning doves may be taken each day from half an
hour before sunrise to sunset during the open seasons prescribed therefore in
this regulation, by the means and in the numbers permitted by regulations 3
and 5 hereof, respectively, and when so taken may be possessed any day in any
State, Territory, or District during the period constituting the open season
where killed and for an additional period of 10 d(lays next succeeding said open
season, but no such birds shall be possessed in a State, Territory, or District at
a time when such State, Territory, or District prohibits the possession thereof.
Waterfowl (exrccpt wood duck. eider dlcck.s, and swnins), coot, !(1lihiules, and
Wilson snipe or jaeksnipe.-The open seasons for waterfowl (except wood duck,
eider ducks, and swans), coot, gallinules, and Wilson snipe or jacksnipe shall
be as follows:
In Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts. Ohio, West Virginia.
Kentucky, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Minnesota. Iowa, Misouri,
North Dakota. South Dakota. Nebraska, Kansas, Colorado. Wyoming, Montana,
Idaho, Nevada, and that portion of Oregon and Washington lying east of the
summit of the Cascade Mountains the open season shall be from September 10
to December 31;
In New York (except Long Island) the open season shall be from September
24 to January 7;
In Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Oklahoma. that portion of Texas
lying west and north of the main tracks of the International & Great Northern
RIailroad extending from Laredo to San Antonio, Austin, and Longview, and
the Texas & Pacific Railroad extending from Longview to Marshall and Tex-
arkana, New Mexico, Utah, California, and that portion of Oregon and Wash-
ington lying west of the summit of the Cascade Mountains the open season shall
be from October 1 to January 15;
In that portion of New York known as Long Island. and in New Jersey, Dela-
ware, and Arizona the open season shall be from October 16 to January 31;
In Maryland, the District of Columbia. Virginia. North Carolina. South
Carolina, Georgia. Florida. Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee. Arkansas, Louisi-
ana, and that portion of Texas lying east and south of the main tracks of the
International & Great Northern Railroad extending from Laredo to San An-
tonio, Austin. and .Longview, and the Texas & Pacific Railroad extending from
Longview to Marshall and Texarkana the open season shall be from November
I to January 31; and
In Alaska the open season shall be from September 1 to December 15.
Rails (except coot and gallinules).-The open season for sora and other rails
(except coot and gallinules) shall be from Septeniler 1 to Ni vemiher 30, except
as follows:
In Louisiana the open season shall be from Novemiber 1 to January 31.
Black-bellied ("nd golden plorers and greater and l'xser yellowlegs.-The open
seasons for black-bellied and golden plovers and greater and lesser yellowlegs
shall he as follows:
In Maine. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island. Connecticut, New
York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia the open season shall be
from August 16 to November 30;
In the District of Columbia, North Carolina, South Carolina. Tennessee. Ar-
kansas, Oklahoma. Texas. New Mexico, Arizona, California, and Alaska thie open
season shall be from September 1 to December 15;


B. S. 62]






BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY


SIn Vermont, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, Indiana, Michigan,
Wisconsin. Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota,
Nebraska, Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Nevada, and that por-
tion of Oregon and Washington lying east of the summit of the Cas.ade Moun-
tains the open season shall be from September 16 to December 31;
In Utah ;ind in that portion of Oregon and Washington lying west of the sum-
mit of the Cis(.cade Mountains the open season shall be from October 1 to
January 15; and
In Georgia. Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana the open season
shall be from Noveimber 1 to January 31.
Woodcock.-Tlie open seasons for woodcock shall be as follows:
In Mainte. New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecti-
cut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky,
Indiania, Michig-ani, Wisconsin, Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, North
Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas the open season shall be from
October 1 to November 30; and
In Delaware, Maryland, the District of Columbia, Virginia, North Carolina,
South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas,
Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma the open season shall be from November 1
to December 31.
Doves.-The open seasons for mourning doves shall be as follows:
In Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio,
Indiana, Illinois, Minnesota, Nebraska. Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma,
that portion of Texas lying west and north of the main tracks of the Inter-
national and Great Northern railroad extending from Laredo to San Antonio,
Austin, and Longview, and the Texas and Pacific railroad extending from Long-
view to Marshall and Texarkana, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, Cali-
fornia, Nevada, Idaho, and Oregon the open season shall be from September 1 to
December 15;
In Georgia, Florida, Alabamia, and Mississippi the open season shall be from
October 16 to January 31;
In that portion of Texas lying east and south of the main tracks of the Inter-
natiinal and Great Northern railroad extending from Laredo to San Antonio,
Austin, and Longview, and the Texas and Pacific railroad extending fromln
Longview to Marlshall and Texarkana the open season shall be from November
1 to December 31 ; and
In South Carolina and Louisiana the open season shall be from November 1
to January 31.
[As amended October 25,. 1918, July 28, 1919, July 9, 1920. May 17, 1921, March 8,
1922, June 11, 1123, April11, 1924, and July 2, 1924.]
REGULATION 5.-BAG LIMITS ON CERTAIN MIGRATORY GAME BIRDS

A person may take in any one (lay during the open seasons prescribed therefore
in regulation 4 not to exceed the following liinumbers of migratory game birds,
which numbers shall include all birds taken by any other person who for hire
accompanies or assists him in taking migratory birds:
Du(.s1 (c.rcept i'ood duck and cider diuclks).-Twenty-five in the aggregate
of all kinds.
Gccsc.-Eight in the aggregate o# all kinds.
Brnunt.-Eiglgt.
Rails, coot, aund yallin.uics (except sora).-Twenty-five in the aggregate of
all kinds.
Sora.-Fifty.
Black-bx.lli d and yoldcn plovers and greater and lesser yellowlegs.-Flfteen
in the aggregate of all kinds.
Wil.son snipc, or jucksnipc.-Twenty-five.
Woodf,(,k.-Six.
Doitcs (inourniny).-Twenty-five.
[As amiended October 25, 1918, July 28, 1919, and March 3, 1921.]
REGULATION 6.-SHIPMENT, TRANSPORTATION. AND POSSESSION OF CERTAIN
MIGRATORY GAME BIRDS

Waterfwl (except wood dluck, eider ducks, and swans), rails, coot, gallinules,
black-liellied :in(l golden plovers, greater and lesser yellowlegs, woodcock, \Vilson
-nipe or jacksillie, nd mid urning dhovs,,. and parts thereof legally taken may be
transported in or out of the State where taken during the respective open


tS. R. A.







LAWS RELATING TO GAME AND BIRDS


seasons in that State, and may be imported from Cantnda during the opjien
season in the Province where taken, in any manner, but not more than the
number thereof that nmay be taken in two days by one person under 'liese
regulations shall be transported by one lpersin in one calendar week out of
the State where taken; any such migratory ga;,ni birds or parts thereof in
transit during, the open season imay continue in transit such additional ti ie
immediately succee(i ng such open season, not to exceed 5 days, inee'osary to
deliver the same to their destination, and may be pts-:essed in any State,
Territory, or District during the period cotiititiuting the open season where
killed, and for an :tlditional period of 10 diys next su-ceeding said open
season ; and any package in which migniratory game lird' or parts thereof are
transported s-iall have the name and address of the shipper and of the con-
siilfne( and ian accurate st lt-i''it of the numbniers and kinds ()of birds con-
tained therein i-learly andi conspicu l.'isly iarl.:(d onl the outside thereof; but
no such birds .Itml1l be transported from any State. Territory,. or D1istrict to
or through anotlr State, Territory, or District,. or to or through a Province
of thle Dominion of Canada contrary to the laws of the State. Territory, or
District, or Province of the Dominion of ('anada in which they were taken or
from which they are transported; nor shall any such birds be transported into
any State, Territory, or District from another State. Territory, or ID)istrict.
or from any State, Territory, or District into any Province of the IDlominiiln
of Canada at a time when such State, Territory, or District, or Province of the
Dominion of Ca;i ;ai prohibits the pos-,4sion or transportation thereof.
[As amended October 2.5, 1918, and July 9, 1920.]

REGULATION 7.-TAKING OF CERTAIN MIGRATORY NONGAME BIRDS BY ESKIMOS
AND INDIANS IN ALASKA

In Alaska Eskimos and Indians may take for the use of themselves and
their immediate families, in any manner and at any time, and pos-ess and
transport auks, auklets, guillemots, murres, and puffins and their eggs,,, for
food, and their skins for clotliint.
REGULATION 8.-PERMITS TO PROPAGATE AND SELL MIGRATORY WATERFOWL
1. A person may take in any manner and at any time migratory water-
fowl and their eggs for propagating purposes when authorized by a permit
issued by the Secretary. Waterfowl and their eggs so taken mnay be possessed
by the permitted and may be sold and transported by him for propauagarting
purposes to any person holding a permit issued by the Secretary in accordance
with the provisions of this regulation.
2. A person authorized( by a permit issued by the Secretary may possess,
buy, sell, and transport migratory waterfowl and their incre;tse and eggs in any
manner and at any time for propagating purposes; and migratory waterfowl,
except the birds taken under paragraph 1 of this regulation, so pssessed may
be killed by him at any time, in any manner, except that they may be killed by
shooting only during the open season for waterfowl in the State where killed,
and the carcasses, with heads and feet attached thereto, of the birds so killed
may be sold and transported by him in any manner and at any time to any
person for actual consumption, or to the keeper of a hotel, restaurant, or board-
ing house, retail dealer in meat or game, or a club, for sale or service to tleir
patrons, who may possess such carcasses for actual c(.onstp tlltion without a
permit, but no migratory waterfowl killed by shooting sliall be bought or sold
unless each bird before attaining the age of four weeks shliall have lad removed
from the web of one foot a portion thereof in the form of a V large enough
to make a permanent, well-defined mark, which shi:ill be sufficient to identify it
as a bird raised in domestication under a permit.
3. Any pa-kag.e in which si(li waterfowl or parts thereof or their egg..'s
are transported shall have plainly and conspicuously marked on the outside
thereof the name and address of thle permitted, the nuilmer of his permit,
the name and address of the consignee, and abii accurate statement of
the number and kinds of birds or ('-.:rrs contained( therein.
4. Applica:tiotns for permits must be addlres-- il to thle Seretafry of Agriculture,
Washin-gton, D. C., and must i-cntoiin the following inforia;ition: Name ;tla
a(Idress of applicanit ; place whliere thle busines- is to Ie carried on; umimtler of
acres of lanil lised in the businc-.s, and whether owned or leah-c., by the ap:1pli-
2292o 24 2


B. S. 62]






10 BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY [S. R. A.

cantt; numiniher of each sle,'ies of waterfowl in possession of applicant; names of
spl)eies and number of birds or eggs of each species if permission is asked to
take waterfowl or their C.,s ; and the particular locality where it is desired to
take such waterfowl or e'ggs..
5. A person granted a permit under this regulation shall keep hooks and
re-ords which shall co'irre'tly set forth the total number of each species of
w\vii('r'i\vl and their pegs possessed on the date of application for the permit
and on the 1st day of each Jainuary next following; also for each calendar
year during the life of the permit the total nuiinber of each species reared and
killed, number of each species, and their eggs sold and tra-isported, mainer in
which such waterfowl and e gs were transported, name and address of each
person fromn or to whom waterfowl and eggs were purchased or sold, together
with number and sl)eic., and whether sild tilive or dead; and the late of
each transaction. A report setting forth this information shall be annually
furnished the Secretary during the month of January for the preceding calendar
year.
6. A permitted shall at all reasonable hours allow any authorized employee
of the United States Department of Agriculture to enter and inspect the
premises where operations are being carried on under this regulation and to
inspect the books and records of such p)ermittee relating thereto.
7. A permit issued under this regulation shall be valid until revoked by the
Secretary unless otherwise specified therein, shall not be transferable, and
many be revoked by the Secretary, if the permitted violates any of the provisions
of the migratory bird treaty act or of the regulations thereunder. A permit
duly revoked by the Secretary shall be surrendered to him by the person to
whom it was issued, on dlemna d of any employee of the United States De-
lmirtment of Agriculture duly authorized to enforce the provisions of-the
migratory bird treaty act.
8. A persoii may possess and transport for his own use, without a permit,
live migratory waterfowl now lawfully possessed or lhere;fter lawfully ac-
quired by him. but hlie may not purchaiise or sell such waterfowl without a
permit. A State or municipal game farm or city park may possess, purchase.
sell, and transport live migratory waterfowl without a permit, but no such
waterfowl shall be purchased from or sold to a person (other than such State
or municipal game farm or city lark) unless lie has a permit. The feathers
of wild ducks and wild geese lawfully killed and feathers of such birds seized
and condemned by Federal or State game authorities may be possessed,
bought, sild, and transported, for use in making fishing flies, bed pillows,
and mattresse, and for similar commercial purpIose:, but not for millinery or
ornamental purposes.
[As amended October -,. 1918,. July 9, 1920, April 10. 192:1., and June 11, 192-31:.]
REGULATION 9.-PERMITS TO COLLECT MIGRATORY BIRDS FOR SCIENTIFIC
PURPOSES;

A person imiy take in any ia ;nier and at any time migr;itory birds and
their nests and eus for scientific purpo.-,es wlieoii authorized by a permit
issi1ed by the Secreta ry, which l)permit sl iall be carried on his person mvien lie
is collect il", specimenels th'reunlder and sliall be exhibited to any p1)erson re-
questiing to see the same.
Application for a permit must be addressed to the Secretary of Agriculture,
Washington, D. C., and must contain the following information Name and
address of applicant, his age, aund name of State, Territory, or District in
which specimens are prop),sed to be taken, and the purpose for which they
are intended. acl. application sliall be accompanied by certificates from two
wvell-known ornithologists that the applicant is a fit persi n to be intrusted
with a permiit.
The permit nmay limit the number and species of birds. birds' nests or eggs
that may be collected thereunler, and nn:y authorizi- the holder thereof to
posses, buy, s.l. excbaytnge, and traun.spom)rt in any mia iter and at any time
rnmir;.tory birds, piarts thlireof, and their nests and eggs for scientific purposes;
or it imay limit the holder to one or more of these privileges. Public museums,
z7olo,1gical parks and( societies, and publicc scientific and educatiional institu-
tiols 1ma:1y possess, buy, sell, exchalnge, and tralnsport in any manner and at
any time niigratory birds-; and parts thereof and their tiests and eggs for
scientific purposes without a permit, but no specinimesii sliall lbe taken without
a permit. The plmia;ge and skins of mnigra.toiry gamte birds legally taken may
be p,,ssessed and transported )by a person witlihut a permit.







B.S.62] LAWS RELATING TO GAME AND BIRDS 11

A taxidermist, when authorized by a permit issued by the Secretary, may
possess, buy, sell. exc1i.in,.ge. and transpliort in any manner and at any time
migratory birds and parts thereof legally taken, or he may be limited to one
or more of these privile-es.
Each permit shall be valid until revoked lby the Secret:iry unless otherwise
specified therein, ,luall not be transferable, and sl1;i 1 be revocable at the
discretion of the Secretary. A permit duly revoked by the Secretary shall
be surrendered to him by the person to whom it w:Ns issued, on dlenlu.Id of any
employee of the I'nited States Department of Agriculture duly authorized
to enforce the provisions of the migratory bird treaty act. A person holding
a permit shall report annually to the Secretary on or before the 10th d(ay of
January during the life of the permit the number of skiis. n(sts or .,gs of
each species collected, bought, sold, exehang.ed, or transported during the
preceding calendar r year.
Every ptackag.e in which migraitory birds or their nests or t_ are trans-
ported shall have clearly and conspicuously marked on the outside thereof the
name and addlress of the -eiider, the number of the p0r'Iiit in every case
when a permit is required, the name and address of the consignee, a state-
menit thatt it cont-iins specimens of birds, their nests, or eggs for scientific
purposes, and, whenever such a l'ac kage is traIInsported or offered for trans-
portation from the Dominion of Ca Id:(a into the United States or from the
United States into the I)omini',n of Canada, an accurate statement of the
contents.
[As :;) ri nd.d October 25, 1918, March .3, 1V21, and .Tune 11, 1923".]
REGULATION 10.-PERMITS TO KILL MIGRATORY BIRDS INJURIOUS TO
PROPERTY

When information is furnished the Secretary that any species of migratory
bird las 1,ecIme. under extraordinary conditions, seriously injurious to agricul-
ture or other interests in any 1,.irticular community, an invest i.';tion will be
made to determine the nature and extent of the injury, whether the birds
alleged to be doing the da lage should be killed, and, if so, during what tie(.
and by what means. Upon his (lItermination an appropriate order will be
made.

REGULATION 11.-STATE LAWS FOR THE PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY BIRDS

Nothing in these regulations shall be construed to permit the taking, posses-
sion, sale, purchase, or transportation of migratory birds, their nests., and eggs
contrary to the laws and regulations of any State, or Territory, or District made
for the purpiso of giving further protection to migratory birds, their nests, and
eggs when such laws and regulations are not inconsistent with the convention
between the United States and Great Britain for the protection of migratory
birds concluded August 16, 1916. or the migratory bird treaty act and do not
extend the open seasons for such birds beyond the dates prescribed by these
regulations.
[Added by proclamation of October -'.5. 1918, as amended July 9, 1.92o.]


ORDER

PERMITTING THE KILLING OF BOBOLINKS. COMMONLY KNOWN AS REEDBIRDS
OR RICE BIRDS, WHICH HAVE BECOME SERIOUSLY INJURIOUS TO AGRICUL-
TURAL INTERESTS
[Issued January 17, 1919]
Information having been furnished the Secretary of Agriculture that bobo-
links, commonly known as reedbirds or rice birds. have berm''e serio"uly in-
jurius to the rice crops of North 'arolina, South Carolina. Ge .rgia., and
Florida, and an investigation having )beeni duly and regularly made pursuant
to law, and it :havijig heen determined by the Secretary of Agriculture that
said birds have bec',,me. under eut rnordinary conditions, seriously injurious
to the rice crops in said Stats and that the injuries, so inflicted by thelrt'r, c(an
not adequately lie controlled in the communities immediately affected, and
that they should therefore be killed in tlhe ,i;iliner, during the seas4is, and
in the States and District hereinafter provided,






12


BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY


[S. R. A.


Now. therefore. I. D. F. IIoloust i, Secretary of Agriculture, pursuant to au-
thirity in inm(, vi-sted by the migratory bird treaty act of July 3, 1918. and in
conformity with regulation 10 of their miigratory bird ti'reaty act regulations ap-
proved and pro-:lai ifd July 31, 1918, do order that until further notice per-
sons may kill by shooting, bobolinks, cominionly known as reedbirds or rice
birds. ,frii half an hour before sunri-e to sunset, from Septemnler 1 to October
30. inclusive, in the States of New Jersey, Pei1i i'.yl v nia, Delaware. and 1 ar y-
land and the District of Columbia, and from August 16 to Noveimier 15, inclu-
sive. in the States of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina. Georgia. and
Florida. but lie birds so killed -.lall not be sold, offered for sale, or shipped,
for purpos-.e- of sA.le, or be wantonly wasted or destroyed, but they may be
used for food purps),:,-, by the pers Pins killing them, and they may be transported
to 1,,,-.pitals and charitable institutions for us. as food.
D. F. HOUSTON, S"''i-'v'iry of Agriculture.



LACEY ACT, REGULATING INTERSTATE COMMERCE IN GAME

Federal laws affecting the shipment of game comprise statutes
regulating interstate commerce in game and the importation of birds
and mammals from foreign countries, as follows:
CRIMINAL CODE-ACT OF MARCH 4, 1909
[35 Stat. 1137]
SEC. 241. The importation into the United States, or any Territory or District
thereof, of the mongoose, the so-called flying foxes," or fruit bats, the English
sparrow, the starling, and such other birds and animals as the Secretary of
Agriculture may from time to time declare to be injurious to the interests of
agriculture or horticulture, is hereby prohibited; and all such birds and ani-
mals shall, upon arrival at any port of the United States, be destroyed or
returned at the expense of the owner. No person shall import into the United
States or into any Territory or District thereof any foreign wild animal or bird,
except under special permit from the Secretary of Agriculture: Prorided, That
notlhing in this section shall restrict the importation of natural-history speci-
mens for museums or scientific collections, or of certain cage birds, such as
domesticated canaries, parrots, or such other birds as the Secretary of Agri-
culture may designate. The Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized to
make regulations for carrying into effect the provisions of this section.
Si-:. 242. It shall be unlawful for any person to deliver to any common
carrier for transportation, or for any common carrier to transport from any
State, Territory, or District of the United States to any other State, Territory,
or District thereof, any foreign animals or birds the importation of which
is prohibited, or the dead bodies or 1)parts thereof of any wild ;-nimals or birds,2
where such anlimils or birds have been killed or shipped in violation of the laws
of the State, Territory, or District in which the s;mie were killed, or from
which thliey \were shipped: Provide'd, That nothing herein shall l)revent the
transportation of any dead birds or anmiimls killed during the ,se;ison when the
s: me ma:1y be lawfully captured, and the eXlport of which is not prohibited by law
in tlie State, erritory, or Diistrict in which the sa,-,e are captured or killed:
J'rovidt'd further, That nothing herein shall preveint the importation, tr:ans-
portation. or s:ile of birds or birid pl)huiage manufactured front the featliers
of barnyard fowls.
Si.c. 248. All packa"-s containing the dead bodi,-. or tl.,e phiumiage, or parts
thereof, of game animals, or .icie or other wild birds, when shipped in inter-
state or foreign ciimmnerce, slia;ll be plainly and cleaily market. so that the
name and addresss of tlhe shipper and(l the nature of the contents may be rea lily
:asertained on an inspection of the outside of such pal ka,,e.
SI.(. 244. For each evasion or violation of any provision of the three sections
las( prece'diiiz, the shipper shall be fined not more than $200; the consignee
knowingly receiving such articles so shipped and transported in violotion of

2 See sec. 4 of the Mii'B:11ory Iird 'Ti'.-ity Act. p. 5. which supersedes this part of the
Lacey Act relative to the interstate fr1i-por;riitiion of wild birds.






B.S.62] LAWS RELATI'ING TO GAME AND BIRD. 13

said sections shall be filed not mor, tl im.i")0 and the carrier kIowinuly
carryiii or r traiisportilng thle saillne iln violation of -',id sections shall l)e fined not
more tliali $200.
SECTIONS 1 AND 5-ACT OF MAY 25, 1900 3
[31 Slat. 1S7-18S]
That the dutie- and pIowers of tlie )Departmelnt of Agriculture at' hervelby
enlarged so as to include the pre-ervationll, distribution, introdlucti ol, lind
resto'rautioi of game birds and other wilId birds. Tie Secretary of Agicfuliure is
hereby authorized to adopt such measures as may be n,..s-:ry to carry out
tihe pur-pose., of this act and to pllr.i;ise. such game birds ad(i other wild birds
a. may b)e required therefore, subject, however, ito the laws of the va rious StatIes
and Territories. The object alnd lpurpI)o-' of this act is to ai(d iln the r. o-trItion
of s uclh bir ds in those p:irts of thie UlHited Slatvte. adapted thereto when, the
same have becotme scarce or extinct, and also to r'eg)ulate tlIe ilitroductioil of
Americain or foreign birds or animals in localiti s where they hi\ave not hereto-
fore ,x isted.
The Secretary of Agriculture shall from time to time collect and l)ulblish
useful information as to the propaI:;itioii, uses, an d preservation of such birds.
And the Secret;iry of Agriculture siaill in1k anmid publish, all needful rule,-. and
regulations for carrying out the purpi)ses of this act, aind shall expend for -aid
purposes such sums as (Iongress may appropriate therefore.
SEC. 5. That all dead bodies, or parts thereof, of any foreign gLam;e animals,
or game or song birds, the importation of which is prohibited, or the dead
bodies, or parts thereof, of any wild game anilinals, or game or song birds
transported into any State or Territory, or remaining therein for use, c,,nisump-
tion, sale, or storage therein, shall upon arrival in such State or Territory be
subject to the operation and effect of the laws of such State or Territory
enacted in the exercise of its police powers, to the same extent and in the same
manner as though such. animals or birds had been produced in such State or
Territory, and shall not be exempt therefrom by reason of being introduced
therein in original packages or otherwise. This act shall not prevent the im-
portation, transportation, or sale of birds or bird plumage manufactured from
the feathers of barnyard fowl.


LAW PROTECTING WILD ANIMALS AND BIRDS AND THEIR EGGS
ON FEDERAL REFUGES

ACT OF MARCH 4, 1909, AS AMENDED APRIL 15, 1924
[Public-No. 87-I-;qtli Congr,-ss]

SEC. 84. Whoever shall hunt, trap, capture, willfully disturb, or kill any bird
or wild animal of any kind whatever, or take or destroiy the eggs of any such
bird on any lands of the United States which have been set apart or reserved
as refuges or breeding grounds for such birds or animals by any law, procla-
ination, or Executive order, except under such rules and regulations as the
Secretary of Agriculture may, from time to time, prescribe, or who shall will-
fully injure, molest, or destroy any property of the United States on any such
lands shall be fined not more than ,500, or imprisoned not more than six
months, or both.


HUNTING ON NATIONAL FORESTS

Regulation T-7, effective October 1, 1919, of the Regulations of
the Forest Service Relative to National Forests, provides as follows:
The following acts are prohibited on laids of the United States within
national forests:
The going or being upon any suich land(, or in or on thle \w;iters there',f, with
intent to hunt, catch, trap, willfully disturb, or kill any kin(l of game aniiiial.

3 Secs. 2, 3, and 4 superseded by sees. 241-244 of the Criminal Cudc, act of Mar. 4, 1009
(35 Stat. 1137).






14 BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY [S. R. A.

game or wongame bird, or fish, or to take the eggs of any such bird, in violation
of the laws of the State in which su(ch1 land or waters are situated.
Regulation G-30 authorizes all forest officers to enforce the above
regulation and also to cooperate with State or Territorial officials in
the enforceniont of local laws for the protection of birds, fish, and
game.

PROVISIONS OF TARIFF ACT REGULATING IMPORTATION OF
PLUMAGE, GAME, ETC.
ACT OF SEPTEMBER 21, 1922
[42 Stat. 915]

PAR. 1419. Feathlrs' and downs, on the skin or otherwise, crude or not dressed.
colored, or otherwise advanced or n;inufactured in any manner, not specially
provided for, 20 per centumin ad valorenm ; dressed, colored, or otherwise advanced
or ii.. ,ufactured in any manner, including quilts of do<\vw and other manu-
factmr ,. of down : artificial or ornamental feathers suitable for use as millinery
ornaments, artificial or ornamental fruits, vegetal les, grains, leaves, flowers,
and stems or parts thereof, of whatever material compo'szed. not especially pro-
vid(led for. 60 per centum ad valorein; natural leaves, ia nits, shrubs, herbs.
trrcs, and parts thereof, chemically treated, colored, dyed or painted, not
specially provided for, 60 per centumn ad1 valorem; bo i, boutonnieres. wreaths,
,and all articles not specially provided for, imposeded wholly or in chief v-ilue
of any of the feathers, fi,,wers, leaves, or other material herein mentioned. 60
per centum ad valorem: Provided. That the importation of birds of paradise,
aigrettes, egret plumes or so-called osprey plumes, and the feathers, quills,
heads, wints. tails, skins, or parts of skins, of wild birds, either raw or 11manu-
factured, and not for scientific or educational purp,,se-;, is hereby prohibited;
but this provision shall not apply to the feathers or plumes of ostriches or
to the feathers or plumes of domestic fowls of any kind: Provided furthicr,
That birds of paradise, and the feathers, quills, heads, wings, tails, skins, or
pi,;irts thereof, aand all aigrettes, -..ret plumioes. or so-called osprey p)lumos,. and
the feathers, quills, heads, wings, tails,, skii4s, or parts of skins, of wild birds,
either raw or manufactured, of like kind to those the importation of which
is prohibited by the foregoing provisions of this paragraph, which may be
found in the United States, on and after the lassa;i. e of this act, except as
to such plumage or parts of birds in actual use for personal adornment, and
except such plumage, birds, or parts thereof imported therein for scientific or
educational purp(ises., shall be presumed for the purpose of seizure to have
beer, imported unlawfully after October 3, 1913, and the collector of customs
shall :seize the same unless the possessor thereof shall establish, to the satis-
faction of the collector, that the same were imported into the United States.
prior to October 3, 1913, or as to such plhmmge or parts of birds that they
were plucked or derived in the United States from birds lawfully therein; and
in case of seizure by the collector, he shall proceed as in case of forfeiture
for violation of the cutonm laws. and the same shall be forfeited, unless the
clainfilat shall, in any legal proceeding to enforce such forfeiture, other than
a criminal prosecution, overcome the presumption of illegal importation and
establish that the birds or article sized, of like kind to those mentioned the
importation of which is prohibited as al)ove, were imported into the United
States prior to October 3, 1913, or were plucked in the United States from
birds lawfully therein.
'lTht whenever birds, or pluuimage, the importation of which is prohibited by
the foroiing provisions of this paragraph, are forfeited to the Government.
the Se-retary of the Tra;s-ury is hereby ailthorized to pl;ce the same with the
depart'iiin iu or bureau of the F(ederal or State Government, or societies or
m'Hus'*lums for exhibit ion or v-iiitlific or elducatiial p)ur i ses, but not for sale or
pers.mnal iij,: and in the event of such, birds or plumage not being required or
de,,sired by either Fdinil or SItate Go,%vernmenlt or for educational purposes.
they l .- ill be delrroyed.
'I';Ihat notliitl- in this act slhall he c.,is.rued to repeal the provisions of the
act of Mairch 4, 1913, ,. lpter 1-15 (:37 Statutes at LarLze. page 847), or tihe act
of July 3, 1918 (40 Statutes at Large, pagre 755), or any other law of the United






LAWS RELATING TO GAME AND BIRpS


States, now of force, intended for the protection or preservation of 1)bi rds
within the United State,-. Tli;it if on invest ig: nation by the collector before
seizure, or b)efre trial for forfeiture. or if at suchli trial if such .s&izurn l;n-
beelln made., it shall be made to aIppear to tlie collector, or tle pr,,c.ul ili
officer of the Government, as the c;i. many be. that no( il'-:il iml)portation of
such feathlers has beeij made, but that the lp,-=,sion, acquisition, or pur.cli:i,
of such feathers is or has betei itniade in violation of the p)rovisi.,,s1. of thle act
of March 4, 1913, cli;il ter 145 (37 Statutes at Large, ipa:-e 847), or the act of
July 3, 1918 (40 Statutes. at Large. p;ige 755), or any other law of the tUnited
States, now of force, intended(1 for the protection or prl)r'rvation of birdl vithlin
the United States, it shall be the duty of the collector, or such pro-i'-uting
officer, as the case i;ity be. to report the facts to the proper officials of the
United States, or State or Territory vhairged with the duty of enforcing such
laws.
Import duties and provisions are as follows:
PAR. 704. A duty of 4 cents per pound is impo-el on reindeer imeat, venison,
and other game (except birds).
PAR. 711. The duty on live birds (except poultry) is 50 cents each on those
valued at $5 or less, and 20 per cent ad valorem on those valued at more
than $5.
PAR. 712. Dressed or undressed birds (except poultry) are dutiable at S cents
per pound, but if prepared or preserved in any manner the duty is 35 pIer i 'it
ad valorem. (Paragraph 1419 prohibits the importation of the plum;a.e of
wild birds, so that undressed game birds may only be brought in under a b"iind
for the destruction of their plumage.)
PAR. 715. Live wild animals, 15 per cent ad valorem.
PAR. 1420. Silver or bli,-k fox skins, dressed or undressed, and manufactures
thereof, 50 per cent ad valorem; other furs dr.ess.d on the skin, not advanced
further than dyeing. 25 per cent ad valorem.
PAR. 150). The eggs of birds are prohibited from entry, except that eLS of
game birds may be imported free under regulations of Secretary of Agricultuire
for- propagating purpiscs; specimens may also be imported free for scientific
collections.
PAR. 1579. Raw furs and fur skins (except silver or black fox skins), un-
dressed, are admitted free.
PAR. 1668. Natural history specimens (including wild birds and mnai mals)
may be imported free for scientific public collections, but not for sale.


CANADIAN REGULATIONS UNDER MIGRATORY-BIRDS
CONVENTION ACT

[Promulgated May 11, 1918: amended May 11. 1920: Auir''t 31, 1'21 ; Sep)temnber 1,
1922; Auii,-t 13 and 25, 1923; and July 26, 1924]

1. In these regulations, unless the context otherwise requires:
(a) 1Migratory game birds means the following:
Anatida, or waterfowl, including brant, wild duck, geese, and swans;
Gruid;a or cranes, including little brown, san dhill, and whooping cranes;
Rallid:pe or rails, including coots, gallinules, and -,,r;a, and other rails;
Limicol;a or shorebirds, including avocets, curlew, dowitchers, godwits, knots,
oyster-catchers, ph1lua1rnpl.s. plovers, sandpipers, snipe, stilts, surfbir'ds, turn-
stonts, willet, woodcock, and yellowlegs;
Columbidse or pigeons, including doves and wild pieons.
(b) Migratory insectivorous birds" means the following:
Bobolinks, catbirds, chickadees, cuckoos, flicke rs, fly-calcliers,. grosbeaks, hum-
ming-birds. kinglets, martins, meadowlarks, nighthawks or bull bats. nut-
hatches, orioles, robins, shrikes, swallows, swifts, tanagers, titmice, thrushes,
vireos, warblers, waxwings, whippoorwills, woodpeckers, and wrens, and all
other perchling birds which feed entirely or chiefly on insects;
(c) Migratory nongame birds" means the following:
Auks, auklets, bitterns, fulmars, gannets, grevbs, guillemniots, gulls, herons,
jaegers, loons, murres, petrels, puffins, shearwaters, and terms.


B. S. 62]







16


BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY


[S. R. A.


2. Close' s.ea'.ons.-No person shall kill, hunt. capture, injure, take, molest, sell,
or offer for sll4 any inimiratory gail. birds except during the following periods
in the various Provinces:
Ducks, b, eu., 1,rant. or rails:
In Priric., Elward Islind, Northwest Territories, and Yukon Territory: Sep-
tember 1 to December 14, both dates inclusive.
In Quebec: September 1 to ID)ceioer 15, both dates inclusive.
In Ontario: Selh-ten-ler 1 to December 15. both d:ites inclusive.
In Maniirob;i : Seplei l ,r 15 to November .30. except that in that portion of
the Province lying to the north of the 53d I;i; :allel of latitude the open season
(on durks shall be from Sepltember 1 to Novellbler 30, both d(ites inclusive.
In Alberta: Septenlber 15 to December 14, both dbites inclusive.
In SaskatcheNvanti and New Brunswick, except the islands in the Grand MInaan
group in the Province of New Brunswick: September 15 to Deeember 31,
both dates inclusive.
In the islands in the Grand MI:ininn rotiup,. in the Province of New Brunswick :
October 15 to Jamnuary 31, both dates inclusive.
In B ritislt (Coluniia (northern and eastern districts) : Septmihber 15 to
IDe,.onbr 30. both dnt(-e inclusive.
In that portion of the western district to the north of the 5d parrallel of
latitude: From lie first Saturday next following September 7 in any year
to a (ldaite 3 months and 15 days later, both dates inclusive.
DIc'ks and rails:
In British Columbia (in that portion of the western district to the south of
the 53d parallel of latituiKl-) : Octob)er 15 to January 29. both dat,.s inclu-
sive.
In Nova Scotia, except Yarmouth and Shelburne Counties: September 15 to
December 31. both dates inclusive.
In Yarmouth and Shelburne Counties, in the Province of Nova Scotia: October
15 to Janu;iry 31, both dates inclusive.
(;cc se and brant:
In British Columbia (in that portion of the western district to the south of
the 53d parallel of 1;ttitude) : From the first Saturday next following
November 7 in any year to a date 3 months and 15 days later, both dates
inclusive.
In Nova Scotia, except Shelburne and Queens Counties: September 15 to
ID)ecember 31, )both dates inclusive.
In Shelburne and Queens Counties, in the Province of Nova Scotia, to persons
holdia: a license from the minister: Novemlber 1 to February 14, both dates
inclusive.
Shorebirds or iraders., including only the followirin.: Woodcock, Wil.son or jack
.sniplc. black-bellird and .olden plovers, and the greater and lesser yellow-
lcf.s:
In Prince Edward Island : August 15 to November 30, both dates inclusive,
except that on woodcock and Wilson or jack snipe the open season shall be
from Sepitembler 15 to Novembler 30, both dates inclusive.
In Nova Sciotin and New Brunswick: August 15 to Novemiber 30. both dates
inclusive, except that on woodcokl and Wilson or jack snipe the open
-,,ison shall be from (October 1 to November 30. both dates inclusive.
In Quelie, : S,-'lember 1 to Decembler 15, both dates inclusive.
In N irthw *st Territories and Yukon Territory: Sel)temil'er 1 to Decemlber 14.
lioth dates inclusive.
III Ontario: September 1 to Decemniber 15, both dates inclusive, excepl)t that on
woodcock their op soi:s, si ll be from September 15 to N, vemlr 30,
both dlat',s inclusive.
In S: ,,hk;it,.l\alw:, : Siplember 15 to December 31. )both dates incluiaive.
InII Alberta: Spl)tenmler 15 to l,,,moniber 14. both d:its inchlusiv .
I] Britisli (Columbia (mnortmhern and eastern districts) : Selptemilber 15 to
D, .*'*,lJOr .30, both ldatts inclusive.
In lli;it portion of tle \\i-lern di-trict to the north of the 53( parallel of
1;ilttiude: .From lie first Saturday in\t followin- Si'Zleplite er 7 in any year
to a (tato 3 montlihs and 15 days latl-r, )4othl dates inclutsive.







t. z. 62]


LAWS RELATING TO GAME AND BIRDS


17


In that portion of the western district to the s-outh of the 53d parallel of lati-
tude: October 1 to January 15, both dates inclusive.
Provided, ioi'crer, that Indians and Eskimos may take scoters or Siwash
ducks" for food at any time of the year, but scoters so taken shall not be
sold.
Shorebirds or u-alcrs, including only WUlson or jack snipc:
In MIanitoba : September 15 to No'vemilber 30, both dates inclusive.
For the purpose of this or any other regulation, the Province of British
Columbia shall be divided into three districts, to be known as the northern,
eastern, and western districts.
Northern district sliall minean and include the electoral district of Atlin
and all that portion of the Province situated and lying to the north of the
line of the Cana:dian National Railway between the Yellowhead Pass and
Prince Rupert and to the east of the summit of the Ca(scade RanTge.
Eastern district shall mean and include all that portion of the Province
situated and lying to the east of the summit of the Cascade Range and
south of the line of the Canadian National Railway between the Yellow-
head Pass and Prince Rupert.
Western district shall mean and include all that portion of the Province
situated and lying to the west of the summit of the Cascade Range and
south of the electoral district of Atlin.
3. The killing, hunting, capturing, taking, injuring, or molesting of migratory
insectivorous birds, their eggs, or nests, is prohibited throughout the year,
except as hereinafter provided.
4. The killing, hunting, taking, injuring, capturing, or molesting of migratory
nongame birds, or their eggs or nests, except as herein or hereinafter provided,
is prohibited throughout the year; provided, however, that the Indians and
Eskimos may take at any season auks, auklets, guillemots, murres, and puffins
and their eggs for human food and their skins for clothing, but birds and eggs
taken in virtue of this exemption shall not be sold or offered for sale or other-
wise traded.
5. A close season shall continue until the 1st day of January, 1928, on the
following migratory game birds: Band-tailed pigeons, little brown, sandhill,
and whooping cranes, swans, curlew, and all shore birds (except the black-
bellied and golden plover, Wilson or jack snipe, woodcock, and the greater and
lesser yellowlegs).
6. A close season shliall continue on wood duck and eider duck until the 31st (lay
of January, 1925, except that in the Yukon Territory and the Northwest Terri-
tories and that part of the Province of Ontario lying north of the Quebec, Coch-
rane, Winnipeg line of the Canadian National Railway eider duck4 may be
taken in the open season allowed under section 2 of these regulations.
7. The taking of the nests or eggs of migratory game, migratory insectivorous,
or migratory nongame birds is prohibited, except as otherwise provided in
these regulations.
8. Sale of migratory game birds.-Notwithstanding any provision of section
2 of these regulations, in the Provinces of Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia,
New Brunswick, Ontario, Manitoba. Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Colum-
bia no person shall sell, expose for sale, offer for sale, buy, trade, or tratlic
in any migratory game bird killed or taken during the open season hereunder.
9. Bag limits.-No person shall kill during any day, or during any season,
migratory game birds in the various Provinces in excess of the numbers set
forthli as follows:
In Nova Scotia. New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island. Quebec. Ontario,
Northwest Territories, and Yukon Territory in any day (except that in Ontario
no person shall kill in any one season in excess of 200 ducks).
Ducks.-Twenty-five in the aggregate of all kinds.
Geese.-Fifteen in the aggregate of all kinds.
Brant.-Fifteen in the aggregate of all kinds.
Rails, coots, and !allinulCes.-Tweiity-five in the aggregate of all kinds.
Black-bellied and golden plorers and greater and le.scr yellowlegs.-Fif-
teen in the aggregate of all kinds.
ll'ilson snipe or jack.siipe.-Twenty-five.
Woodcock.-Ten.
4 NoTE.-In the Maritime Provinces eider ducks are commonly called sea ducks."








18


BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY


[S. R. A.


In Manitoba in any day:
Ducks.-Twenty before October 1 and 40 thereafter in the aggregate of
all kinds.
Gcree.-Ten in the aggregate of all kinds.
Brant.-Fifteen.
Rails (and coots.-Twenty-five in the aggregate of all kinds.
Black-bellied and golden plorers and greater and lesser yellowlegs.-Fif-
teen in the aggregate of all kinds.
Wilson sl1ipe or jucksnipe.-Twenty-five.
And in Manitoba in any open senasn in excess of 200 ducks.
In Alberta in any day:
Ducks.-Thirty in the aggregate of all kinds.
Geese.-Fifteen in the aggregate of all kinds.
Bran t.-Fi fteen.
RJils iiand coots.-Twenty-five in the aggregate of all kinds.
Black-bellied and golden plovers and greater and lesser yellowlegs.-Fif-
teen in the aggregate of all kinds.
Wilson snipc or jaeksnipe.-Twenty-five.
And in Alberta in any open season in excess of 200 ducks.
In Saskatchewan in any day:
Ducks. geese, and brant.-Thirty in the aggregate of all kinds.
Rails and coots.-Twenty-five in the aggregate of all kinds.
Black-bellied and golden plovers and greater and lesser yellowlegs.-
Fifteen in the aggregate of all kinds.
Wilson snipe or jacksnipe.-Twenty-five.
And in Saskatchewan in any open season in excess of 200 birds of the
family Anatide, including ducks, geese, and brant.
In British Columbia in any day:
Ducks.-Twenty in the aggregate of all kinds.
Geese.-Ten in the aggregate of all kinds.
Brant.-Ten.
Rails and coots.-Twventy-five in the aggregate of all kinds.
Black-bellied and golden plovers and greater and lesser yellowleg&.-
Fifteen in the aggregate of all kinds.
Wilson snipe or jacksnipe.-Twenty-five.
And in British Columbia in any open season in excess of 150 ducks;
And in British Columbia in any open season in excess of 50 geese;
And in British Columbia in any open season in excess of 50 brant;
And in British Columbia in any open season in excess of 150 Wilson snipe;
And in British Columbia in any open season in excess of 150 black-bellied
and golden plover in the aggregate;
And in British Columbia in any open season in excess of 150 greater and
lesser yellowlegs in the aggregate.
10. Shiwotin rcstrictions.-(a) No person shall take, attempt to take, kill, or
attempt to kill any migratory game birds during the open seasons provided
hereiuder except with a gun not larger than number 10 gauge.
(b) In British Columbia no person shall kill or attempt to kill any migra-
tory game birds during the open seasons provided hereunder with a pump or
repeating shotgun, unless the magazine has been permanently plugged or
altered so that it can not carry more than one cartridge.
(c) No person shall kill or attempt to kill any migratory game birds by
the use of any automatic, swivel, or machine gun or battery, or by the use
of any aeroplane, power boat, or sailboat, or by the use of night lights.
(d) No person shall kill or attempt to kill any migratory game bird during
the night, which for the purpose of these regulations is described as being
friiom one hour after sunset to one hour l)ef(re sunrise, but in the Province of
Ontario no persmin shall kill, or attempt to kill, any migratory game birds
Ix'tween sunset and sunrise.
The pIoessiion of night lights and firearms by any person during the night
in pld ecs frequented by migratory game birds shall be considered prima facie
evidence of night shooting.
(e) No person shaill kill or attempt to kill from any motor vehicle or horse-
drawn vehicle any migratory game bird.






B. S. 62] LAWS RELATING TO (AME AND BIRDS 19

(f) No person shall kill or attempt to kill any migratiory game birds in the
vicinity of Tahusintac Lagoon, in the Province of New Brunswick. by the uiie
of sink boxes" between the hours of 1 p. m. and one hour before suri 11. Sc etotific peCrmit..-Migrattory .:ane. migratory insectivoru.s, or liiiu_.ra-
tory nongame birds 41r p;irts thereof or their eggs or nests may lbe t;ikeli.
bought, sold, shipped, transported, or possessed for scientific purposes., hut only
on the issue of a permit by the minister or by any person duly authorized
by him.
Such permits may, upon aplplication, be granted to recognized museutiis. or
scientific societies, and(] to any person furnishing written testimonials from two
well-known ornithologists.
A return of specimens taken under such a permit shall be made to the
minister upon the expiration of the permit.
12. Propiagation of nigr(artory birdx.-(a) Migratory game, mnigrratory inse.c-
tivorous or mig-rato.ry nonganme birds, or their e(gs. protected under regula-
tions made pursuant to tlhe migratory birds convention act, may be taken at
any time and in any manner for propagating purposes only on the isstic of
a permit by the minister or by any person duly authorized by him. Miirato(ry
game, migratory insectivorou is. or migratory nongame birds, or their eggs so
taken, may be possessed by the permitted and may be sold and transported
by himi to any persiin holdin:x a permit for propagating purpose- issued by the
minister or by any person duly authorized by him.
(b) A person authorized by a permit issued for propag-ating purposes under
this regulation may possess, buy, sell, or transport migratory game, nigra tory
insectivorous, or migratory nongarne birds, or their increase or eggs, for
propagating purposes. Such migratory game, migratory insectivoro us, or
migratory nongame birds, except the birds taken under paragraph (a) of this
regulation, may be killed by him in any manner except by shooting. The un-
plucked carcasses or the plucked carcasses with heads attached thereto of
such birds may be sold and transported by the permitted to any person for
consumption, or to the keeper of a hotel, restaurant, or boarding house, or
to a dealer in meat or game, or to a club for sale or service to their patrons.
all of whom may possess such carcasses for actual consumption without a
perm i t.
(c) A person granted a permit under this regulation shall keep books and
records which shall correctly set forth at all times the total number of each
species of migratory game, migratory insectivorous, or migratory nongame
birds or their egts, taken or in his possession. A written report shall be fur-
nished the minister during the month of January next following the issuance
of the permit. This report shall state the total number of each slpec-ies reared
and killed, the number of each species, or their eggs. sold and transported,
the manner in which such .-pecies or egLs were transl)orted, the name and
address of each person from or to whom such specie., )r eggs were pur-
chased or sold. together with number and species and wheti' r sold alive or
dead. and the date of such transaction.
(d) Applications for permits to take such birds for prop-igating purposes
shall be accompanied by a statement showin'g-
(1) The full name and post-office address of the applicant.
(2) The species of birds or eggs that it is desired to take.
(3) The number.
(4) The place at which the birds or eggs are to be taken.
Applications for permits to possess, buy, sell, or transport such birds for pro-
pagatinil purposes shall be accompanied by a statement showling-
(1) The full name and post-office address of the applicant.
(2) The species and number of birds that it is desired to possess.
(3) The area and location of the land to be used in the business and
whether owned or leased by the applicant.
(e) The minister may require an applicant to furnish a bond in support of
his application for a permit for propagatilng purp,.oses.
(f) A permittee shall at all reasonable hours allow any game officer to
enter and inspect the premises where operations are being carried on under
these regulations and to inspect the books and records of such permittee re-
lating thereto.






20 BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY [S. R. A.

(g) No person holding a permit for propagating purposes shall sell minigra-
tory game. migratory insectivorous, or migratory nongame birds, raised and
killed in captivity, unless the same shall bear a metal tag. This tag shall be
of a type approved by the minister and shall contain the name or initials of
the holder of the permit. It shall not be removed from the carcass.
13. Termination of permits.-All permits and licenses shall terminate at
the end of the calendar year in which they shall have been issued. They shall
not be transferable and shall be revocable at the discretion of the minister.
14. Taxiderniists.-No person shall engage in the business of a taxidermist
without having first secured from the minister a license so to do. The fee for
this license sl-all be $1.
No taxidermist shall receive, prepare for exhibition purposes, or possess,
any migratory game, migratory insectivorous, or migratory nongame bird,
or any portion thereof, unless such bird has been legally killed, either in the
open season for such birds or by the holder of a permit for taking birds for
scientific purposes..
Every licensed taxidermist shall annually make such returns as the min-
ister may require.
Every licensed taxidermist shall keep books and records which correctly set
forth the name of each migratory game, migratory insectivorous, or migratory
nongaime bird received, the date and locality of capture, the date received, and
the name and address of the owner of such bird. These books and records are
to be open to inspection by any game officer at any reasonable time.
15. Labeling packages for shiipmenf.-Any package in which migratory game,
migratory insectivorous, or migratory nongamie birds or parts thereof, or their
eggs or nests are shipped or transported for scientific or propagating purposes
shall be clearly marked on the outside with tlhe number of the permit, the name
and address of the shipper, and an accurate statement of the contents.
No transportation company shall accept for transportation any package con-
taining migratory game, migratory insectivorous, or migratory nongame birds,
or their nests or eggs or parts thereof, unless such packages shall be marked
as hereinbefore required, and shipment of the same through the mails is pro-
hibited unless marked as aforesaid.
16. The shipment or export of migratory game. migratory insectivorous, or
migratory nongame birds, or their nests or eggs from any Province during the
close season in such Provinces is prohibited, except for scientific or propagat-
ing purl)poses; and traffic between Canada and the United States in any such
birds, or their eggs, captured, killed, taken, or shipped at any time contrary to
the laws of the Province or State in which the same are captured, killed, taken,
or shipped is likewise prohibited.
17. No person shall ship or offer for shipment from Canada to the United
States any package containing migratory game, migratory insectivorous, or
migratory nongame birds or any parts thereof or their eggs unless such pack-
age shall have the. name and address of the shipper and an accurate statement
of the contents -learly marked on the outside of such package.
No transportation company shall accept for transportation to the United
States any packages of migratory game, migratory insectivorous, or migratory
nongame birds, or any parts thereof or their eggs, unless such packages bear
the name and address of the shipper and an accurate statement of the con-
tents; and shipment of the same throughli the mails is prohibited unless marked
as aforesaid.
18. If any of the migratory game, migratory insectivorous, or migratory non-
game birds should under extraordinary conditions become seriously injurious
to agricultural, fishing, or other interests in any particular locality, thle minister
may issue permits to kill such birds so long as they shall continue to be
injurious. Applications for such permits shall include a full statement de-
scribing-
(1) The species and an estimate of the numbers of birds committing the
damage.
(2) Thle nature and extent of the (damage.
(3) The extent of the agricultural or other interests threatened or Involved.
Such permits shall be revocable at the discretion of the minister. On the
expiration of the permit the I)ers(in to whom it is issued shall furnish to the
minister a written report showing" thle number of birds killed, the dates upon
which 1liey were killed, and the displosition made of the (deadl birds.
No birds killed under such permits shliall be slipped, sold, or offered for sale.






LAWS RELATING TO GAME AND BIRDS


18a. Any British subject domiciled in the Province of Quebec may capture by
trapping or kill by shooting American and red-breasted mergansers within the
counties of Rimouski, Matane, Matapedia, Bonaventure, and Caspe, Provinct of
Quebec, on the south shore of the River St. Lawrence, and within the county of
Saguenay, Province of Quebec, on the north shore of the Gulf and River St.
Lawrence from one hour before sunrise to one hour after sunset, from April
1 to August 31, both dates inclusive; provided, that the birds so killed shall not
be sold or offered for sale or shipped or transported from one person to another,
except that they may be shipped or transported as a gift to persons authorized
by permits granted by virtue of clause 11 of these regulations to take or possess
such birds for scientific purposes.
18b. Any superintendents of fish hatcheries situated in the Province of Quebec,
any salaried Provincial or Federal game officer duly appointed for that Prov-
ince, or any owner or any lessee of fishing areas in that Province, the bona
fide employees of such owners or lessees, and the members of fishing clubs
which lease fishing rights, may kill loons by shooting, within the Province of
Quebec from one hour before sunrise to one hour after sunset, from April 1 to
October 31, both dates inclusive; provided, that the birds so killed shall not be
sold or offered for sale or shipped or transported from one person to another, ex-
cept That they may be shipped or transported as a gift to persons authorized
by permits granted by virtue of clause 11 of these regulations to take or po-,ssess
such birds for scientific purposes.
18c. Any British subject domiciled in the county of Saguenay, Province of
Quebec, may kill great black-backed gulls by shooting, within the county of
Saguenay, Province of Quebec, from one hour before sunrise to one hour after
sunset, from June 15 to October 31, both dates inclusive; provided, that the
birds so killed shall not be sold or offered for sale or shipped or transported
from one person to another, except that they may be shipped or transported as
a gift to persons authorized by permits granted by virtue of clause 11 of these
regulations to take or possess such birds for scientific purposes.
18d. The minister may on any date between August 15 and S.lptember 14, in-
clusive, issue a general permit, covering any one or more of the Provinces of
Manitoba, Alberta, and Saskatchewan, which shall allow any owner or occu-
pier of land in the Province named, having a cereal crop growing or in stock on
his said land, to shoot on such land wild ducks which are found causing serious
injury to such crop: Prorided, That wild ducks so killed shall not be sold or
offered for sale, and that wild ducks shall not be shot at or killed outside of the
area on which the crop is being so seriously injured.
19. No person or organization shall introduce for the purpose of sport or
acclimatization any species of migratory birds without the consent of the minis-
ter in writing.
20. No person shall destroy, deface, tear down, or damage maliciously, any
posters, notice boards, or signs erected to acquaint the public with any pro-
visions of the Migratory Birds Convention Act or Regulations thereunder.


CANADIAN TARIFF ACT PROHIBITING IMPORTATION OF PLUMAGE,
MONGOOSES, AND CERTAIN BIRDS

The importation of bird plumage into Canada for millinery pur-
poses is prohibited by tariff item 1212 under Schedule C (prohibited
goods), as added by section 5 of the Canadian customs tariff act of
1914. Item 1212 prohibits the entry of the following:
1212. Aigrettes, egret plumes, or so-called s,,prey plumes, and the feathers,
quills, heads, wings, tails, skins, or parts of skins of wild birds either raw or
manufactured; but this provision shall not comine into effect until January 1,
1915, and shall not apply to-
(a) The feathers or plumes of ostriches;
(b) The plumage of the English pheasant and the Indian peacock;
(c) The plumage of wild birds ordinarily used as articles of diet;
(d) The plumage of birds imported alive; nor to
(e) Specimens imported under regulations of the minister of customs for any
natural-history or other museum or for educational purposes.


21


B. S. 62]





BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY


Item 1214 under Schedule C (prohibited goods), as added by the
customs tariff act, effective May 24, 1922, prohibits the entry of the
following:
1214. (a) Common mongoose (Herpcstes griseus) or mongoose of any kind;
(b) Conmmnion mynahli. Chinese mynah, crested mynah, or any other species of
the starling family (Sturnide) ;
(c) Java sparrows, rice bird, nutmeg finch, or other species of the weaver
bird family (Ploceid:e) ;
(d) European (haffinch (Fringilla cCalebs) ;
(e) Great titmouse (Parus major).


WASHING'TlIN : GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1924


22


l'S. R. A.




















































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