White-fringed beetle quarantine (quarantine no. 72)

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White-fringed beetle quarantine (quarantine no. 72)
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United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
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B. E. P. Q.-Q. 72 9 uarantin" and Regulations
EffcttiveJainunry ir1, 1939


United States Department of Agriculture

BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE


WHITE-FRINGED BEETLE QUARANTINE (QUARANTINE
NO. 72)
INTRODUCTORY NOTE
The white-fringed beetle was first discovered in the United States In Okaloosa
County, Fla.. in the autumn of 1936. This pest is known to occur in South
America and has recently been reported in New South Wales, but the time and
method of introduction into the United States are unknown.
The larvae of the beetle feed on a wide variety of plant roots and tubers, while
the adults feed on leaves and tender shoots above ground.
Adults may be carried to other points by any moving thing, eggs may be
transported from place to place in the movement of almost any article coming
In contact with the ground, and larvae may be moved with various kinds of soil,
peat, compost, and manure.
It is evident, therefore, that cosmopolitan food habits of the pest, its diverse
means of spread in any stage of development, together with its parthenogenetic
mode of reproduction, characterize the white-fringed beetle as a potentially
serious threat to American agricultural and horticultural interests.

SUMMARY
The restricted articles are prohibited movement interstate from any regu-
lated area to or through any point outside thereof unless there is attached
to the outside of the container a valid inspection certificate issued by an
inspector duly authorized by the United States Department of Agriculture. This
requirement applies in the case of all restricted articles and for the period
of the year designated in regulation 3 unless the Chief of the Bureau has given
formal notice to the public that modification has been made as to the articles,
or areas, or periods of the year specified in the regulations.
The list of restricted articles and the period of the year when the certifi-
cation requirement applies, are stated in regulation 3.
The regulated areas are designated in regulation 2.
Arrangements for inspection may be made by addressing the Bureau of
Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Box 9S9, Gulfport, Miss.
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief,i Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.



NOTICE OF QUARANTINE NO. 72
(Approved December 14, 1938; effective January 15. 1939)

I. H. A. Wallace, Secretary of Agriculture, have determinteil thaint a quaran-
tine of the States of Alabama. Florida. Iimuisimna, aI(d 31ississijl))i is necessarv
to prevent the spread of dangerous infestations of the white-fringed Ibeetle
(Nau plccoloma Boh.), and a closely related species of Xaupui-tius, two
insect pests not widely prevalent within and throughout the U'litei'd States.
Now, therefore, under authority conferred by sect in S. of thei Plant Quar-
antine Act of August 20. 1912 (37 Stat. 315, .:s a:meIlded. Aidl having given
the public hearing required thereby, I do q(aiarantiIk tint' eStates (if Alabama.
Florida. Iouisiana, and Mississippi and do order that (1) nursery stock or any
other plants or plant products; (2) soil, independent of. or used in connection
with, nursery stock, plants, or plant products; or (3) other articles (as specifi-
cally named in the regulations supplemental hereto, iln mloditiiations thereof.
or in administrative Instructions as provided in the regulations supplemental
1228.30-39








hereto) which are capable of carrying the aforesaid insect infestations, shall
not be shipped or offered for shipment to a common carrier by any person, or
received for transportation or transported by a common carrier, or carried or
transported by any person from any such State into or through any other
State or Territory or District of the United States, under conditions other than
those prescribed in the regulations supplemental hereto: Prorided, That the
restrictions of this quarantine and of the regulations supplemental hereto may
be limited to such areas, designated by the Secretary of Agriculture as regulated
areas, in the quarantined States, as, in his judgment, shall be adequate to pre-
vent the spread of the said pest or pests. Any such limitation shall be condi-
tioned, however, upon the affected State or States providing for and enforcing
the control of the intrastate movement of the restricted articles under the
conditions which apply to their interstate movement under existing provi-
sions of the Federal quarantine regulations, and upon their enforcing, such
control and sanitation measures with respect to such areas or portions thereof
as, in the judgment of the Secretary of Agriculture, shall be deemed adequate
to prevent the intrastate spread therefrom of said insect infestation: And Pro-
vided further, That whenever, in any year, the Chief of the Bureau of Ento-
mology and Plant Quarantine shall find that facts exist as to the pest risk
involved in the movement of one or more of the articles to which the regula-
tions supplemental hereto apply, making it safe to modify, by making less
stringent, the restrictions contained in any such regulations, he shall set forth
and publish such finding in administrative instructions, specifying the manner
in which the applicable regulation should be made less stringent, whereupon
such modification shall become effective, for such period and for such regulated
area or portion thereof as shall be specified in said administrative instructions,
and every reasonable effort shall be made to give publicity to such administra-
tive instructions throughout the affected areas.
Done at the city of Washington this 14th day of December 1938.
Witness my hand and the seal of the United States Depart-
1SS^ .ment of Agriculture.
l/if ^S^H. A. WALLAcE,
l Secrctary of Agriculture.




REGULATIONS SUPPLEMENTAL TO NOTICE OF QUARANTINE NO. 72

Regulation 1. Definitions

(a) The pcsts.-The white-fringed beetle, Naupactus leucoloma Boh., and a
closely related species of Naupactus, in any stage of development.
(b) Adults and larrae.-Adults and larvae of Naupactus leucoloinma and a
closely related species of Naupactus.
(c) Regulated arca.-Any area in a quarantined State which is now, or which
may hereafter be, designated as regulated by the Secretary of Agriculture
in accordance with the provisos to notice of Quarantine No. 72.
(d) Restricted articles.-Products or articles of any character whatsoever,
the interstate movement of which is restricted by the provisions of the white-
fringed beetle quarantine, and the regulations supplemental thereto.
(e) Inspector.-Duly authorized Federal plant-quarantine inspector.
(f) Crtificate.-An approved document, issued by an inspector, evidencing
the apparent freedom of restricted articles from the pests.
(g) Limited pr'rmit.-An approved document, issued by an inspector, to allow
mnovenment of noiicertified, restricted articles to or from designated and author-
ized manufacturing plants, mills, gins, or processing plants.
(h) Dealer-carrier permit.-An approved document issued to persons or firms
approved for, and engaged in purchasing, assembling, exchanging, processing,
or transporting restricted articles.
(i) Admiinixtrative ins.tructions.-Administrative instructions issued by the
.Chief of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
(j) Infested or imnfestation.-Infested by the white-fringed beetle, the closely
related species, or both such pests, in any stage of development.









Regulation 2. Regulated Areas

The following counties, l)arisdies, cities and towns or parts thereof, as de-
scribed, aret designated by thet Secretary of Agriculture as regulated areas:
Alabama.-In ('onccuh, Monroe, and Wilcox Counties: The W'-' Tps. 5 and
6 N. and all of Tps. 7, 8, 9, 10, and S T. 11 N., R. 9 E. All of Tps. 5, 6,
7. K 9. and 1S'. T. 10 N.. R. 8 E. Sees. 25, 26. 35, and 36. T 7 N., R. 7 E.. and secs.
1 and 2, T. 6 N., R. 7 E.; in Coringlon County: T. 1. N., R.s. 17 and 18 E. and
SE T. 1 N., R. 16 E. and all south of both areas to the Alabama-Florida State
line; in (Itnerc County.: Sees. 31, 32, and 33, T. 1 N.. R. 19 E. and south thereof
to the Alabama-Florida State line; in Mobile' County: That area bound on the
east by Mobile River, on the south by Congress Street and a line extended
therefrom to Mobile River in the city of Mobile. on the west by Joachim Street
in the same city, to its intersection with One Mile Creek; thence northeast along
One Mile Creek to Conception Street Road; thence northwest on said road to
Three Mile Creek; thence east along Three Mile Creek to Mobile River.
Florida.-In L'scanibia County: All of the city of Pensacola; in Ok'aloosa
Count!: T. 5 N., R. 22 W. and sees. 1, 2, and 3 of T. 5 N., R. 23 W. and all
lands north of both areas to the Florida-Alabama State line; in Walton Count!:
T. 5 N., Rs. 20 and 21 W. and sees. 31, 32, and 33, T. 6 N., R. 19 W. and all
lands north of both areas to the Florida-Alabama State line; also sec. 1-24
inclusive of T. 4 N., R. 19 W.
Louisiana.-All of Orleans Parish including the city of New Orleans, and all
of Saint Bernard Parish; in East Baton Rouge Parish: T. 7 S., Rs. 1 and 2 E.
and 1 W., including all of the city of Baton Rouge; in Jefferson and Plaque-
mines Parishes: Those parts lying north of the township line between Tps.
14 and 15 S.
Mississippi.-In Harrison and Stone Counties: That area bound by the east
line of sec. 31, T. 7 S., R. 10 W. extending from a point where it intersects
or would intersect with the Mississippi Sound if extended without change in
direction to said sound; thence north to Bayou Bernard; thence following a
general northwesterly direction along Bayou Bernard to east line of sec. 22,
T. 7 S., R. 11 W., thence north to intersection with Biloxi River, thence north-
west along Biloxi River to intersection with the east line of sec. 5, T. 6 S., R.
11 W., thence north to SE corner sec. 32, T. 3 S., R. 11 W., thence west along
township line to SE corner sec. 34. T. 3 S., R. 12 W., thence south to a point
where the east line of sec. 15, T. 7 S.. R. 12 W. intersects Landon Road, thence
west along Landon Rood to intersection of east line of sec. 9, T. 7 S., R. 12 W.,
thence south to Mississippi Sound, thence along the sound to starting point and
including all property extending onto or over the waters of Mississippi Sound;
in Hinds County: EV T. 6 N., R. 3 W., and W'A T. 6 N., R. 2 W.; in Jackson
County: That area included within a boundary beginning at SE corner sec. 31,
T. 7 S., R. 5 W., and extending north to Escatawpa River; thence west along
said river to the Pascagoula River, thence south along Paseagoula River to
township line between Tps. 7 and 8 S., thence east along the said township
line to the starting point; in Jones County: That area included within a bound-
ary beginning at SW corner sec. 14, T. 8 N., R. 12 W., thence east to SE corner
sec. 16, T. 8 N., R. 11 W., thence north to NE corner sec. 9. T. 8 N., R. 11 W.,
thence east to NE corner see. 11. T. 8 N., R. 11 W., thence north to NE corner
sec. 26. T. 9 N., R. 11 W., thence west to SE corner sec. 21, T. 9 N., R. 11 W.,
thence north to NE corner sec. 16, T. 9 N., R. 11 W., thence west to NW corner
sec. 14, T. 9 N., R. 12 W., thence south to Tallahoma Creek, thence southerly
along said creek to its intersection with the west line of sec. 11. T. 8 N., R. 12
W., thence south to starting point; in Pearl Rirer County: All of T. 5 S., R.
16 W., and E" T. 5 S., R. 17 W.

Regulation 3. Restricted Articles
(a) Carrier.s of larrar.-The interstate movement of the following articles
from the regulated areas is regulated throughout the year:
(1) Soil, earth, sand, clay, peat, compost, and manure whether moved inde-
pendent of, or in connection with or attached to nursery stock, plants, products,
articles, or things.
(2) Potatoes and sweetpotatoes.
(b) Carriers of eggs and adults.-Except as provided in regulation 4 hereof,
the interstate movement from any regulated area of the following products is
regulated for the periods indicated:









From June 1 to November 30, inclusive, of each year:
(1) Sweetpotato vines, draws, and cuttings.
(2) Cordwood, pulpwood, stump wood, and logs.
(3) Unused lumber, timbers, posts, poles, and cross ties.
From June 1 to Januiary 31, incllisire, of any 12-month period:
(1) Hay, roughage of all kinds, straw, leaves, and leafmold.
(2) Peas, beans, and peanuts in shells, or the shells of any of these products.
(3) Seed cotton, cottonseed, baled cotton lint, and liters.
(4) Used implements and machinery, scrap metal, junk, and utensils or con-
tainers coming in contact with the ground.
(5) Brick, tiling, stone, and concrete slabs and blocks.
(6) Used lumber, timbers, posts, poles, cross ties, and other building
materials.
(7) Nursery stock and other plants, which are free from soil.
(c) Designation of other restricted articles.-Any other articles which, by
reason of exposure or surroundings, may be found by the Chief of the Bureau
of Entomology and Plant Quarantine to serve as carriers of the pest in any
stage of development and which are so designated by him in administrative
instructions, shall thereafter be subject to the restrictions of this quarantine
and the regulations supplemental thereto.

Regulation 4. Conditions Governing Interstate Movement of Restricted Articles
(a) Restricted articles shall not be moved interstate from a regulated area
to or through any point outside thereof unless accompanied by a valid inspec-
tion certificate issued by an inspector: Provided, That certification require-
ments as they relate to part or all of any regulated area and as they pertain
to carriers of adults and eggs, may be waived, during part or all of the year,
by the Chief of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, on his finding
and giving notice thereof, in administrative instructions, that the State con-
cerned has promulgated and enforced adequate sanitary measures on and about
the premises on which restricted articles originate or are retained, or that ade-
quate volunteer sanitary measures have been applied, or that other control or
natural conditions exist which have eliminated the risk of egg or adult
contamination.
(b) No certificates are required fer interstate movement of regulated arti-
cles when such movement is wholly within contiguous regulated areas.

Regulation 5. Conditions Governing the Issuance of Certificates and Permits
(a) Certificates authorizing the interstate movement of soil, earth, sand,
clay, peat, compost, or manure, originating in an infested area, may be issued
only when such articles have been treated, fumigated, sterilized, or processed
under methods approved by the Chief of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant
Quarantine.
(b) Certificates authorizing the interstate movement of soil, earth, sand, clay,
peat, compost, or manure, originating in noninfested parts of a regulated area,
and of all other restricted articles from any part of a regulated area, may be
issued upon determination by the inspector that the articles are (1) apparently
free from infestation; or (2) have been treated, fumigated, sterilized, or proc-
essed under approved methods; or (3) were grown, produced, manufactured,
stored, or handled in such a manner that, in the judgment of the inspector, no
infestation would be transmitted thereby.
(c) Limited permits for manufacturing and processing purposes.-Limited
permits may be issued for the movement of noncertified restricted articles to
such manufacturing or processing plants, mills, or gins in nonregulated areas
as may be authorized and designated by the Chief of the Bureau of Entomology
and Plant Quarantine, for manufacture, processing, or treatment. As a con-
dition of such authorization and designation, manufacturing, or processing
plants, mills, or gins in nonregulated areas shall agree in writing to maintain
such sanitary safeguards against the establishment and spread of infestation
and to comply with such restrictions as to the handling and subsequent move-
ment of restricted products as may be required by the inspector.
(d) Dealer-carrier permit.-As a condition of issuance of certificates or
permits for the interstate movement of restricted articles, all persons or firms
engaged in purchasing, assembling, exchanging, processing, or carrying such
restricted articles originating or stored in regulated areas, shall make appli-







5

cation for a dealer-carrier permit to the Bureau of Entomology and Plant
Quarantine, stipulating that the permitted will nmintain an accurate record of
receipts and sales, shipments, or services, when so required, which records
shall be available at all times for examination by an inspector; and that lie
will carry out, under a signed agreement, any and all conditions, trcatmnents,
precautions, and sanitary measures which may be specified therein.

Regulation 6. Certification a Condition of Interstate Movement

Unless exempted by administrative instructions issued by the Chief of the
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, every container of restricted
articles moved interstate from any regulated area shall have securely attached
to the outside thereof a certificate or permit issued in compliance with thlise
regulations, except that the certificate or permit issued (1) for lot shipments
by freight shall be attached to one of the containers and a duplicate thereof
shall be attached to the waybill, (2) for shipments by road vehicle shall accom-
pany the vehicle, (3) for bulk carload shipments by freight shall accompany
the waybill or conductor's manifest.

Regulation 7. Assembly of Restricted Articles for Inspection

Persons intending to move restricted articles interstate shall make applica-
tion for certification as far as possible in advance of the probable (late of
shipment. Appllications must show the nature and quantity of articles to be
moved, together with their exact location, and if practicable, the contemplated
date of shipment. Applicants for inspection may be required to assemble or
indicate the articles to be shipped so that they may readily be examined by
the inspector.
The United States Department of Agriculture will not be responsible for
any cost incident to inspection or treatment other than the services of the
inspector.
Regulation 8. Cancelation of Permits
Certificates or permits issued under these regulations may be withdrawn
or canceled and further certification refused whenever, in the judgment of the
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, the further use of such certifi-
cates or permits might result in the dissemination of infestation.

Regulation 9. Shipments for Experimental and Scientific Purposes

Articles subject to restrictions may be moved interstate for experimental
or scientific purposes, on such conditions as may be prescribed by the (Chief
of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. The container of articles
so moved shall bear an identifying tag from the Bureau of Entomology and
Plant Quarantine.
These regulations shall be effective on and after January 15, 1939.
Done at the city of Washington this 14th day of December 1938.
Witness my hand and the seal of the United States Depart-
,erment of Agriculture.


NEWS^ Secretary of Agriculture.


U. S GOVERNMENT PRINTINGI OFFICER 19










































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