White pine blister rust quarantine

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White pine blister rust quarantine
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United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
United States -- Plant Quarantine and Control Administration
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U.S. G.P.O. ( Washington, D.C. )
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oclc - 794241516
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A4,57 i-3:^- 6


k. E. P. Q.--Q. n Rpvtsion of Ro,'iltin nn.s
EfTlYtlve .July 1, ;1'31.

United States Department of Agriculture
BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE


WHITE-PINE BLISTER RUST QUARANTINE

QUARANTINE NO. 63
REVISION OF REGULATIONS
mmI

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

Several important changes are made in thle restrictions on the interstate
hioveiment of five-leaved pines and currant nnd gooseberry plants in the fol-
lowing revision of the white-pine blister rust quarantine regulations. An em-
bargo is placed on the interstate movement of five leaved pines into two pine-
growing regions, one In t(he West comprising the States of Arizona, Colorado,
Nevada, New Mexico. Utah, Wyoming, and part of California, anId their other in
the Southeast comprising the States of Georgia, Kentucky, North ('arolino,
South Carolina, and Tennessee. The interstate movement of such pines from
States other than these 1I entire States and( from 10) northern Ca('lifornia
rountles into the regions described is prohibited. The new regiilations are
designed to protect these pine-growing areas in which the blister rust is not
known to exist
No other restrictions are placed on the interstate movement of five-leaved
pines unless they are visibly infected with the rust.
The dipping and dormancy requirements for currant and gooseberry plants
which formerly applied only to shipments originating in the infected States,
now apply to all shipments consigned to the States and counties listed above.
from any State or District other than the 11 entire States and from the 10
northern California counties.
The control-area permit requirement now applies to currant and gooseberry
plants consigned to 23 States as listed in regulation 3 (b). The aim of this
requirement is to strengthen the Federal-State control activities carried on in
areas surrounding valuable stands of five-leaved pine in these States.
No modification is made In the embargo as to all interstate movement of
European black currant plants arid of the wild native western currant plants
SRihbes bractcosum and R. pctiolare) except as to unrestricted movement into
and between 12 Central States as heretofore.

SUMMARY

IrrrTE-LAV PTINE SHIPMENTS (REGULATION 2)

Five-leaved pines are prohibited movement Into the following regions, ex-
cept that no restrictions are placed on the interstate movement of such pines
from or between any of these 11 entire States nor from the part of California
described: Arizona, California (that part lying south of the south line of the
-counties of Humboldt, Trinity, Tebnihama, Butte, Plumas, and Lassen), Colo1rado,
Georgia, Kentucky, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Ten-
nessee, Utah, and Wyoming.
No pines or their parts visibly infected with blister rust may be shipped
into any State or District unless shipped in a preservative or under special
authorization of regulation 7.
For permit requirements in shipping five-leaved pines for planting on Federal
lands In the above regions see regulation 7.
77796-38








0


CURRANT AND GOOSEREWRY SHIPMENTS (REGULATION 3)

Requirements as to slhipinonts from any State or District Into each of the
States, as follows:


Destination State


Alabama ------------------
Arizona.-----------------..------
A rkansa ..----------- .-... .-------
California (that part south of th,
southern line of the count it- oif
Humboldt, Trinity, Tehaina,
Butte. Plumas, and Lasseni.
That part north of the above
line.
Colorado ---.---------------.
Connecticut ---- ---------------. -
Delaw are --...............------------..----.....
District of Colhmbia. -----------.
F lorida -----------. ----. -------. -
e'orgia--- ---------- ------ ----..
Idaho--.----------------- --.-- --...
Illinois------ -. --- -..- -- -...
Indiana---- ---------. -------. -----
Iowa -.. .....................------- ----------------
K ansas --- --- -------------..
Kentu icky. ..-- ....- ....- ......
Louisiana -------------. --- ----.. -
M aine .------------------- -.. -..
Maryland --.....------. -------..
MassIchuset Is.------------------
Michigan... -..-- ------------
Minnesuta-.----.-----------.-..
Mississippi-------------------
Missouri. ----------------
Montana------.---------------..
Nebraska--------------------
Nevada----.- --------------
New Hampshire ---------
N ew Jersey..------- -..---.--. ..--
New Mexico-------------------..
New York .......................
N orth Carolina ---....- ..... .-- .-
North Dakota.........----........
O hio..----- ------- --. -.---
Oklahoma--------.--------------..
Oregon .-- ---.-. -----. ------------
Pennsylvania .-..-..-.----- .--... .
Rhode Island-------- .. ----------
South Carolina.------------
South Dakota-------------------
Tennessee.-----------------------
T exas ------ ..- -------.-.-. ..---.-
Utah ...------------------
Vermont-------------------------
V irginia ... ..-- ------------------.


Ribes nigrurnm (Eu-
ropean black cur-
rant); R. bracteo-
iim and R. petto-
lare (wild. west-
ern currants). Re-
strictions


None -----------
Prohibited.....--..
-n ....------- -.. -..
Prohibited--------



-----do -----. ---..--.
.-.-. do --- -......
--. do--------.. -..
-. do---.. ----- ...
N one- (l -- -. --
N one--.-.. ....... ..
Prohibited .--.......
-...-do ----------....
-..--do--. ...- .......
- .o --..- ....-
--...do--. --. -----..
None .----... .
Prohibited.------
Nou0o---- ----.........---.....
Prohibited.----
---do ---- ---------
-----.do--.------- -----
-----do.--..........
.. do -.-------
None.-..............
- .... do.------. --
Prohibited ..-.----...-
None.-------
Prohibited.-...
-----.do -....- .......
. -do----- -d-------
-...do.
--. --- d o-.-..- --.-....
._ do..............-
..... drio ..............
None ---------..-------
Prohibited -- -- -
N one.-- -
Prohibited -
N on -d ....... ..... ..

.---do--- --
-.-do
None --------------
Prohibited ------..-
None-----------
Prohibited -----
--- do------
--.-. do------


Washington ----------------- ----- do -------.----
West Virzioi .-----------do-------------do_
Wisconsi n ...------------------------ (10.. do...........
Wyoming --.----.---------------- --do ------------


Other currant and gooseberry plants


Control-area per-
mit required from
State of destina-
tion


No----... -----
No---------------
No -------------
Yes -------------



Yes.- ------

No------.-.....--...
Yes----------------
No-------.............--------..
No-------------
N o--. .---- --. -.....
Yes------------ ----
Yes--........------------....
No---..------------
N o....-------.------
N o-..----.-------...
No----.. ------ ---.
N o-.---. -------....-
No-............---------------.
Yes------------ -
Yes--------------
Yes -..--.--- .......
Yes ................
Yes._
Yes ...........------
N o-... ------....--..
No--------------


N o --. ---.......-....
YNeso-----------
Yes-- ------
N o .... ............
Yes ---------- -
No-


Yes ---- --
Yes-- ------
N o -----------
Nos...... .. .........

Yes ------ -
No -------------
No.


Yes-------
No ------------- -- -
No.

No...............
YesN-------
No.




Yes------
Yes-------
Yes -------
Yes -----------
No.
Yes-- -- -

'-N '0 -- -- -- -- -- --


Plants must be either
dipped I or dormant
and defoliated


No.
Yes, with exceptions.'
No.
Yes, with exceptions.'


No.

Yes, with exceptions.'
No.
No.
No.
No.
Yes, with exceptions.2
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
Yes, with exceptions.2
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
Yes, with exceptions.3
No.
No.
Yes, with exceptions.2
No.
Yes. with exceptions.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
Yes, with exceptions.'
No.
Yes, with exceptions.2
No.
Yes, with exceptions.2
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
Yes, with exceptions.2


SPlants must be dipped immediately before shipment in a lime-sulphur solution of 4.6 B. Prepare this
solution by diluting 1 part of commercial concentrated lime-sulphur solution of 32 B. with 8 parts of water.
2 Plants originating in Arizona, Colorado. Georgia, Kentucky, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina,
South h Carolina. Tennessee, Utah, or Wyoming, or in that part of California lying south of the south line
of the Countles of Humboldt, Trinity, Tehama, Butte, Plurnas, and Lassen, are not required to be dipped
or dormant.

APPLICATIONS FOIL CONTROL-ARE.A PERMITS

Shippers should apply for control-area permits (Form 415) to the officer
of the State to which shipments are to he made (addresses of officers are listed
below) stating the kind of plants to be shipped and the names and addresses
of the consignor and consignee.








Federal inspector tl'sii nated to act In tlihe State into wliirli
slliplnullit is to lie maith


California----------.--
Connecticut _--- -

Georgia--------------
Idaho-------------- --
Maine.-------------.
Maryland------------.
Massachusetts---------

Michigan--------------

Minnesota------------

Montana -------------
New Hampslihirte -------.
New Jerstey------------
New York-------------
North Carolina--------

Ohio---------------
Pennsylvania ----------
Rhode Island----------
Tennessee-------------

Vermont-------------
Virginia---------------

Washington-----------

West Virginia---------

Wisconsin-------------


Chief, Bureau of I'lant Quarantine, Siacramento, Calif.
State I'Elit iomlni ogist. Agricultural Exlperimenlt Station.
New IHaven, (o 'll.
State EAntomolnogist, Atlanta, Ga.
Director, Buitrean of Plant Industry, ItBoise, Idaho.
State Horticulturist, Augusta. Maine.
State Plant Pathlologist, College Park, Mdl.
Director, Division of Plant Pest (C'ontrol, State House,
Boston, Mass.
Inspector in Charge, Orchard and Nursery Inspection,
Department of Agriculture, Lansing, Mich.
(mnnmissioner of Conservation, State Office Building,
St. Paul, Miun.
(Clief, Division of HIorticulture, 'Missoiila, Mont.
St ate Nursery Inspector, Diirliann, N. H.
chieff Bureau of Pliant Industry, Trentonm. N. J.
Iireetor, Bureau of I'hint Industry, Albany, N. Y.
State Entomoluogist, Department of Agriculture, Ra-
leigh. N. C.
(Chief, Division of Plant Industry, Columbus, Ohio.
Chief, Division of Forest Protection, Harrisburg. Pa.
State Entomologist, 310 State House, Providence. R. I.
Sr;iate Entomologist and Plant Pathologist, 400w Morrill
Hall, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenun.
lForest (Commnissioner, Montpelier, Vt.
State Entomologist, 1112 State Office Building, Rich-
ilnond, Va.
Supervisor of Horticulture, Department of Agriculture.
Olympia, Wash.
Commissioner, Department of Agriculture, Charleston,
W. Va.
State Entomologist, Madison, Wis.


AVERY S. HOYT,
Acting Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


NOTICE OF QUARANTINE NO. 63
(Approved August 27, 1926; effective October 1. 192G; supersedes Quarantine No. 26, as
amended, and Quarantine No. 54, as extended)
I, C. F. Marvin, Acting Secretary of Agriculture, have determined that it is
necessary to quarantine every State of the continental United States and the
District of Columbia, in order to prevent the spread of the white-pine blister
rust (Cronartiunm ribicola Fischer), a dangerous plant disease not heretofore
widely prevalent or distributed within and throughout the United States.
Now, therefore, under authority conferred by the Plant Quarantine Act of
August 20, 1912 (37 Stat. 315), as amended by the act of Congress approved
March 4, 1917 (39 Stat. 1134, 116.-), and having duly given the public hearing
required thereby, I do quarantine every State in the continental United States
and the District of Columbia, effective on and after October 1, 1926. Here-
after, under the authority of said act of August 20. 11.2, amended as aforesaid.
no five-leaved pines (Pinttus) or currant and gooseberry plants (Ribes and
Grossularia. including cultivated or wild or ornamental sorts) shall be moved
or allowed to be moved from any such State or from the I)istrict of Columbia
into or through any other State in the continental United States or the District
of Columbia, except in manner or method or under conditions prescribed il
the rules and regulations supplemental hereto and in amendments thereof:
Provided. That the restrictions of this quarantine and the rules and regulations
supplemental hereto may be limited to the areas in a quarantined State now
or hereafter designated by the Secretary of Agriculture as infected when said
State shall have provided for nnd enforced such control measures with respeit
to such designated areas as. in the Judgment of the Secretary of Agriculture.
shall be deemed adequate to effect the control and prevent the spread of the
white-pine blister rust: Protided further, That for the enforcement of tihe re-
strictions utinder this quarantine on the interstate-movement of five-leaved lines


State









and currant and gooseberry plants, all interstate shipments of nursery stock or
other plants shall be subject to inspection at place of shipment or destination
or at any point en route, by duly authorized inspectors of the United States
Department of Agriculture.
Done at the city of Washington this 27th day of August 1926.
Witness my hand and the seal of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.

C. F. MARVIN,
Acting Secretary of Agriculture.



REVISED RULES AND REGULATIONS SUPPLEMENTAL TO NOTICE OF
QUARANTINE NO. 63
(Approved June 1, 1938; effective July 1, 1938)

Regulation 1. Definitions

For the purpose of these regulations the following words, names, and terms
shall be construed, respectively, to mean:
(a) White-pine blister rust, or blister rust.-The fungus disease caused by
Cronartium ribicola Fischer.
(b) Fi're-leaved pines.-Entire plants with roots, of the following species
belonging to the genus Pinus:
American species:
Ayacahuite pine (P. ayacahuite Ehrenb.).
Bristlecone pine (P. aristata Engelm.).
Foxtail pine (P. balfouriana Murr.).
Limber pine (P. flexilis James).
Mexican white pine (P. strobiformis Engelm.).
Sugar pine (P. lambertiana Dougl.).
Western white or silver pine (P. monticola Dougl.).
Whitebark pine (P. albicaulis Engelm.).
White pine (northern) (P. strobus L.).
Foreign species:
Balkan pine (P. peuce Griseb.).
Chinese white pine (P. armandi Franch.).
Himalayan or Bhotan pine (P. excelsa Wall.).
Japanese white pine (P. parviflora Sieb. and Zucc.).
Korean pine (P. koraiensis Sieb. and Zucc.).
Swiss stone pine (P. cermbra L.).
(c) Currant and gooseberry plants.-Plants, cuttings, or scions, belonging
to the genera Ribes L. and Grossuluria (Tourn.) Mill., including cultivated or
wild or ornamental sorts.
(d) European black currant plants.-Plants, cuttings, stocks, scions, buds,
seeds, or parts of plants of Ribes nigrum L.
(e) Inspector.-An inspector of the United States Department of Agri-
culture.
(f) Dormant.-In a nonvegetative state, with inactive buds.
(g) Moved interstate.-Shipped, offered for shipment to a common carrier,
received for transportation or transported by a common carrier, or carried,
transported, moved or allowed" to be moved, from one State or District of the
United States into or through any other State or District.

Regulation 2. Control of Movement of Five-leaved Pines

(a) Five-leaved pines shall not be moved interstate into any of the States
of Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Kentucky, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina,
South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah. or Wyoming, nor into that part of California
lying south of the south line of tlhe counties of Humboldt, Trinity, Tehama,
Butte, Plumas, and Lassen: PruL'idtd, That no restrictions are placed on the






5

interstate movement of such pines from or between any of tlhe 11 above-named
entire States nor from the part of California described.
(b) Five-leaved pines or parts thereof, when visibly infect-d wilh the whilte-
pine blister rust, shall not be moved interstate into any State or District unless
such pines are shipped in a preservative or are authorized alnd labeled in
accordance with the provisions of regulation 7.

Regulation 3. Control of Movement of Currant and Gooseberry Plants

(a) Empbargo on Euiropean black currant plants.-No European black currant
plants (Ribcs niwriumi) and no currant plants of the wild native western species
known as R. brartcosinum and R. petiolurt shall be inoved interstate in the con-
tinental Umited States excel)t into or within the area comprised in tihe States
of Alabama. Arkansas, Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri,
Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, and Texas.
(b) Control-area pcrmitf rcquired.-No currant or gooseberry plants of any
species or variety shall be moved interstate into any of the States of California,1
Connecticut, Georgia,1 Idaho, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, M.in-
nesota, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina,' Ohio,
Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee,1 Vermont, Virginia. Washington, West
Virginia, or Wisconsin, unless a Federal control-area permit lhas been issued
therefore by an inspector designated to act for the Bureau of Entoimology and
Plant Quarantine in such State (see addresses in Sunmmnary). Such permit will
not be issued if the plants are to be shilpped into or planted in area;is in which
five-leaved pines have been protected from white-pine blister rust or in which
such protection is contemplated. The continuance of this requirement as to
any State is conditioned on the State providing such legal or other control jn the
planting and movement therein of currant and gooseberry plants as in the
judgment of the Secretary of Agriculture may be deemed adequate to control
white-pine blister rust in the protected areas.
(c) Dipping or dormancy requircd.-No currant or gooseberry plants of any
species or variety shall be moved interstate into any of the States of Arizona,
Colorado, Georgia," Kentucky, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, South
Carolina, Tennessee,2 Utah, or Wyoming, nor into that part of California 2 lying
south of the south line of the counties of Humboldt. Trinity, Tehama, Butte,
Plumas, and Lassen, unless such plants have either been dipped (except the
roots) immediately prior to shipment in lime-sulphur solution of a strength
of 4.5 B.,' or are shipped in a dormant and defoliated condition. Such lime-
hulphur dip shall be plainly visible on said plants and be easily detectable by
odor, the judgment of the inspector to lie final as to adequacy of the dip and as
to the condition of the plants as to dormancy or defoliation: Proridcd, That no
such dipping or dormancy restrictions are placed on the interstate movem.nnt of
currant and gooseberry plants from or between any of the 11 above-named entire
States, nor from the part of California described.

Regulation 4. Marking Requirements

(a) Every box, bale, or other container of plants for which permits are re-
quired by regulations 3 and 7 shall be plainly marked with the nauin. aild address
of the consignor and of the consignee, and shall bear the permit securely attached
to the outside thereof.
(b) The permit in the case of carload shipments by rail shall accompany the
waybill, conductor's manifest, memorandum, or bill of lading pertaining to such
shipment. In the case of shipment by road vehicle, the permit shall accompany
the vehicle.
Regulation 5. Inspection in Transit

Every car, vehicle, box, bale, or other container moved interstate or offered to
a common carrier for shipment interstate, which contains or which thie inspector
has probable cause to believe contains either infected articles or articles tHie
movement of which is prohibited or restricted by these regulations, shall be sub-
ject to inspection by an inspector at any) time or place.

I Dormancy and defoliation or limte-sulphur dip is also required for shlpmnnts to thcsu
States. 4 See par. (c)).
*Control-area permits are also required for shipments to these Statsp. (S .e par. b)).
*Prepare this solution by diluting 1 purl of coiinti-rial concentrated lime sulphliur solu-
tion of 320 B. with parts (f water.










Regulation 6. Cancelation of Permits

Permits issued under these regulations may be withdrawn or canceled and
further permits refused, whenever in the judgment of the Bureau of Entomology
and Plant Quarantine, the further use of such permits might result in the dis-
semination of the white-pine blister rust. After any such permit is withdrawn
or has expired, the further use of any permit tags issued thereunder is pro-
hibited.

Regulation 7. Shipments for Reforestation, Experimental, Educational, or
Scientific Purposes

Plants subject to restriction in these regulations may be moved interstate
for reforestation purposes on Federal lands, or for experimental, educational,
or scientific lpurp)o.es on such conditions and under such safeguards as may be
prescribed by the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. The container
of l)lants so moved, except when shipped to or in care of the Inspection House,
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Washington, D. C., shall bear,
securely attached to the outside thereof, an identifying tag from the Bureau
of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
Identifying tags to authorize the interstate movement of five-leaved pines
for planting on Federal lands In any of the 11 entire States named and part
of California described in regulation 2, will be issued only on condition that
such pines have been raised under such sanitation conditions as in the judg-
mient of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine are adequate to pro-
tect them from infection by white-pine blister rust: Provided, That no permit
is required for shippl)ing such pines from or between any of the 11 entire
States named nor from the part of California described.
I Mst ^These revised rules and regulations shall be effective on and
After July 1, 1938, and shall on that date supersede the rules
and regulations promulgated February 16, 1937.
D(one at the city of Washington this 1st day of June 1938.
Witness my hand and the seal of the United States Depart-
**. niment of Agriculture.


Secretary of Agriculture.



PENALTIES

The Plant Quarantine Act of August 20, 1912 (37 Stat. 315), as amended,
provides that no person shall ship or offer for shipment to any common carrier,
nor shall any common carrier receive for transportation or transport, nor shall
any person carry or transport from any 4puarantined State or Territory or Dis-
trict of the United States, or from any quarantined portion thereof, into or
through any other State or Territory or District, any class of nursery stock or
any other class of plants, fruits, vegetables, roots, bulbs, seeds, or
any other article specified in the notice of quarantine in
manner or method or under conditions other than those prescribed by the
Secretary of Agriculture. It also provides that any person who shall violate
any of the provisions of this act or who shall forge, counterfeit, alter, deface,
or destroy any certificate provided for in this act or in the regulations of the
Secretary of Agriculture shall 1w deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall,
upon conviction thereof, be piilished by a fine not excetdinig $500 or by im-
prisonment not exceeding 1 year, or both such fine and imprisonment, in the
discretion of the court.


U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1930







UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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3 1262 08721 5637


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