White pine blister rust quarantine

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White pine blister rust quarantine
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United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
United States -- Plant Quarantine and Control Administration
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U.S. G.P.O. ( Washington, D.C. )
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Effective March 1, 1937

United States Department of Agriculture
BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE


WHITE-PINE BLISTER RUST QUARANTINE

QUARANTINE NO. 63
REVISION OF REGULATIONS


INTRODUCTORY NOTE
The following revision of the whito-pine blister rubt quarantine regulations
adds Maryland, Ohio, Plennsylvania, and Wisconsin to tihe list of States which
have established blister rust control areas wherein both the planting and
possession of currant and gooseberry plants are prohibited under State
authority.
The conditions under which Federal pine-shipping permits may be issued
are modified so that permits may be granted to authorize the interstate
movement of flve-leaved pinls which have not been raised from seed under
Ribes-free conditions when in the judgment of the Bureau of Entomology
and Plant Quarantine there is little or no risk of such pines being involved in
blister-rust infection.
The regulations pertaining to five-leaved pines are also revised to prohibit
their interstate movement when visibly infected with the white-pine blister
rust unless such trees are shipped in a preservative or are authorized and
labeled under the provisions of regulation 7.

SUMMARY
The infected States and District are designated as Connecticut, Idaho, Iowa,
Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hamp-
shire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island,
Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and the District of
Columbia [regulation 1 (g)].
PINE SHIPMENTS
These regulations require a Federal pine-shipping permit (ee regulation
2, sec. A) for the shipment or transportation of five-leaved pines from any
infected State or District, except that in the case of shipments to or between
the States of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York,
Rhode Island, and Vermont, a control-area permit secured from the proper
officer of the State of destination may, until further notice, be substituted for
the Federal pine-shipping permit.
Pine-shipping permits are issued for pines grown from seed in a nursery
which is protected from blister rust infection by a Ribes-free zone around
the premises. (See regulation 2, sec. B.)
Valid State nursery inspection certificates are also required as to all inter-
state movement of five-leaved pines in the United States.

CURRANT AND GOOSEBERRY SHIPMENTS
The Interstate movement of European black-currant plants (and plants of
the wild native western species known as Ribcs brartcosumn and It. pcliolare)
is prohibited except to and between the States of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida,
Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma,
South Dakota, and Texas. (See regulation 3-a.)
13o307r-87









Currant and gooseberry plants shipped from any infected State or District
must be either dormant and defoliated or else dipped in lime-sulphur solution
(4.5' B.) immediately before shipment. (See regulation 3-b.)
The control-area provision is continued and is extended to Maryland, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. Under that requirement a control-area permit
must be secured from the State of destination for the shipment of currant and
gooseberry plants into those States which have legally establlshd areas in
which the growing of currant and gooseberry plants is prohibited. Such
States are Connecticut, Idaho, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan,
Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Ver-
mont, and Wisconsin. (See regulation 3-c.)
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Burcau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.


NOTICE OF QUARANTINE NO. 63
(Approved Aug. 27, 1926; effective Oct. 1, 1926 supersedes Quarantine No. 26, as
amended, and Quarantine No. 54, as extended)
I, C. F. Marvin, Acting Secretary of Agriculture, have determined that it
is necessary to quarantine every State of the continental United States and
the District of Columbia, in order to prevent the spread of the white-pine
blister rust (Cronartiumni ribicola Fischer), a dangerous plant disease not here-
tofore widely prevalent or distributed within and throughout the United States.
Now, therefore, under authority conferred by the Plant Quarantine Act of
August 20, 1912 (37 Stat. 315), as amended by the act of Congress approved
March 4, 1917 (39 Stat. 1134, 1165), and having duly given the public hearing
required thereby, I do quarantine every State In the continental United States
and the District of Columbia, effective on and after October 1, 1926. Here-
after, under the authority of said act of August 20, 1912, amended as aforesaid,
no five-leaved pines (Pinus) or currant and gooseberry plants (Ribes and
Grossularia, including cultivated or wild or ornamental sorts) shall be moved
or allowed to be moved from any such State or from the District of Columbia
into or through any other State in the continental United States or the District
of Columbia, except in manner or method or under conditions prescribed in
the rules and regulations supplemental hereto and in amendments thereof:
Provided, That the restrictions of this quarantine and the rules and regula-
tions supplemental hereto may be limited to the areas in a quarantined State
now or hereafter designated by the Secretary of Agriculture as infected when
said State shall have provided for and enforced such control measures with
respect to such designated areas as, in the judgment of the Secretary of Agricul-
ture, shall be deemed adequate to effect the control and prevent the spread
of the white-pine blister rust: Provided further, That, for the enforcement
of the restrictions under this quarantine on the interstate movement of five-
leaved pines and currant and gooseberry plants, all interstate shipments of
nursery stock or other plants shall be subject to inspection at place of shipment
or destination or at any point en route, by duly authorized
SBW' ~inspectors of the United States Department of Agriculture.
) Done at the city of Washington this 27th day of August 1926.
Witness my hand and the seal of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.
C. F. MARVIN,
Acting Secretary of Agriculture.


REVISED RULES AND REGULATIONS SUPPLEMENTAL TO NOTICE OF
QUARANTINE NO. 63
(Approved Feb. 16, 1937; effective Mar. 1, 1937)

Regulation 1. Definitions
For the purpose of these regulations the following words, names, and terms
shall be construed, respectively, to mean:
(a) White-pine blister rust, or blister rust.-The fungous disease caused by
Cronartium ribicola Fischer.







3

(b) Fire-leaved pincs.-Entire plants with roots, of the following species
belonging to the genus Pinus:
American species :
Ayacahuite pine (P. aiacchuite Ehrcir.b.).
Bristlecone pine (P. arista lelnilm.).
Foxtail pine (P. balfuitriana Murr.).
Limber pine (P. flcxilis James).
Mexican white pine (P. strobiformis Engelm.).
Sugar pine (P. lambcrtiana Douigl.).
Western white or silver pine (P. monficola D. Don).
Whitebark pine (P. albifaulis Engelm.).
White pine (northern) (P. strobus L.).
Foreign species:
Balkan pine (P. pence Griseb.).
Chinese white pine (P. arniandi Franch.).
Himalayan or Bhotan pine (P. excelsa Wall.).
Japanese white pine (P. parriflora Sieb. and Zucc.).
Korean pine (P. koraiensis Sieb. and Zucc.).
Swiss stone pine (P. ccmnbra L.).
(o) Currant and goosebcrry plants.-Plants, cuttings, or scions, belonging to
the genera Ribes L. and Grossularia (Tourn.) Mill., including cultivated or
wild or ornamental sorts.
(d) European black currant plants.-Plants, cuttings, stocks, scions, buds,
fruits, seeds, or parts of plants of Ribes nigrum L.
(e) Inspector.-An inspector of the United States Department of Agriculture.
(f) Dormant.-In a nonvegetative state, with inactive buds.
(g) Infected States and District.-States and District designated by the
Secretary of Agriculture as infected with white-pine blister rust, as follows:
Connecticut, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minne-
sota, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Penn-
sylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wiscon-
sin, and the District of Columbia.
(h) Legally established blister rust control area.-An area established under
State authority wherein both the planting and possession of currant and goose-
berry plants are prohibited for the purpose of protecting the 5-leaved pines on
such area from damage by white-pine blister rust.
(i) Moved or allowed to be moved interstate.-Shipped, offered for shipment
to a common carrier, received for transportation or transported by a common
carrier, or carried, transported, moved, or allowed to be moved from one State
or District of the United States into or through any other State or District.
Regulation 2. Shipments of Five-leaved Pines

SECTION A. CONTROL OF MOVEMENT

(1) Five-leaved pines shall not be moved or allowed to be moved Interstate
from an infected State or District to any point outside thereof, unless a Federal
pine-shipping permit has been issued therefore and Is attached to the outside
of the container, except that, In the case of shipments to or between the States
of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island,
and Vermont, a control-area permit secured from the proper officer of the
State of destination (see appendix) may, until further notice, be substituted for
the Federal pine-shipping permit. The pine-shipping permit may specify a
destination point or a limited destination area for the shipment, and in that
event the pines covered thereby shall not be moved or allowed to be moved
interstate, directly or indirectly, either in the original container or otherwise,
to destinations other than those authorized in such permit.
(2) Five-leaved pines shall not be moved or allowed to be moved interstate
from any State or District unless there Is attached to the outside of the con-
tainer thereof a valid State or District nursery inspection certificate of the
State or District from which the shipment Is made.
(3) Branches and other parts of five-leaved pines without roots may be
shipped Interstate from any State or District without restriction under these
regulations, except that If such articles are visibly infected with the white-








pine blister rust, they must either be shipped in a preservative or be authorized
and labeled under the provisions of regulation 7.
(4) Five-leaved pines with roots, when visibly Infected with the white-
pine blister rust, shall not be moved or allowed to be moved interstate from
any State or District unless such pines are shipped in a preservative or are
authorized and labeled under the provisions of regulation 7.

SECTION B. CONDITIONS GOVERNING THE ISSUANCE OF PERMITS
(5) Federal pine-shipping permits may be issued upon compliance with the
following conditions:
(a) That the five-leaved pines to be moved shall be grown from seed in a
location within 1 mile of which there have existed since the time of planting
said seed no European black currant plants and within at least 1,500 feet of
which there have existed since the time of planting said seed no currant or
gooseberry plants of any size or variety which in the judgment of the inspector
would involve risk of spread of the white-pine blister rust. A Ribes-free zone
greater than 1,500 feet in width may be required when necessary in the judg-
ment of the inspector to insure freedom from infection. The requirement that
the Ribes-free conditions described must have been maintained since the time of
planting the seed may be waived In the case of premises which represent in the
judgment of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine little or no risk
of being involved in blister rust infection.
(b) That the owner of the nursery shall submit a signed application for a
pine-shipping permit to the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, giving
the location of the premises upon which said pines will be grown and agreeing
that no five-leaved pines shall be grown in or distributed by any nursery or
nurseries owned or controlled by the applicant except such as are maintained
In compliance with the previous paragraph: Provided, That in the case of
nursery properties under single ownership and management, but represented
by units widely separate, such units may be considered as independent nurseries,
and pine-shipping permits may be issued for one or more such individual units
based on the certification requirements stated below when in the judgment
of the inspector no risk of spread of white-pine blister rust is involved. The
application required herein should preferably be filed before the seed are planted
(in order to avoid disappointment and loss in case the premises are later found
not to comply fully with the requirements of paragraph (a) above).
(c) That before shipment of said pines certification shall be made to the
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine by an Inspector showing that
the nursery stock has been found to be free from white-pine blister rust and
that the premises and the environs have been inspected annually and main-
tained as specified in paragraph (a) above.
(d) Permits for the reshipment of such pines certified under the conditions
prescribed by paragraph (c) above may be issued to purchasers of such stock
who do not grow five-leaved pines upon receipt of an application and a signed
agreement by the applicant agreeing to observe these regulations and the condi-
tions under which the permit was issued.
Regulation 3. Control of Movement of Currant and Gooseberry Plants
(a) No European black currant plants (Ribes nigrum) and no plants of the
wild native western species known as R. bracteosum and R. petiolare shall
be moved or allowed to be moved interstate in the continental United States
except Into or within the area comprised in the States of Alabama, Arkansas,
Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota,
Oklahoma, South Dakota, and Texas.
(b) No currant or gooseberry plants of any species or variety shall be moved
or allowed to be moved interstate from an infected State or District unless they
have either been (lipped (except the roots) immediately prior to shipment in
lime-sulphur solution of a strength of 4.50 B. or are shipped in a dormant
and defoliated condition. Such lime-sulphur dip shall be plainly visible on said
plants and be easily detectable by odor, the judgment of the Inspector to be
final as to adequacy of the dip and as to the condition of the plants as to
dormancy and defoliation.

I Prepare this solution by diluting one part of commercial concentrated mlie-oulphur
solutintlon of 32* B. with eight parts of water.





5

(o) No currant or gooseberry plants of any species or variety shall be moved
or allowed to be moved interstate into any of the States of Connecticut, Idaho,
Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New
York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, or Wisconsin unless the
container shall bear on the outside thereof a control-urea permit issued by
an inspector designated to act for the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quaran-
tine in such State. (See appendix.) Such permits may be issued on condition
that the plants are destined for points outside the legally established blister-
rust-control areas of the States concerned.
(d) Except as provided in paragraphs (a) and (c) hereof, currant and
gooseberry plants may be shipped from noninfected States to any destination
without restriction under these regulations.

Regulation 4. Marking Requirements
(a) Every car, box, bale, or other container of articles for which certificates
or permits are required by these regulations shall be plainly marked with the
name and address of the consignor and the name and address of the consignee,
and shall bear attached to the outside thereof the proper certificate or permit
issued in compliance with regulation 2 or 3 hereof.
(b) The certificates or permits in the case of carload and other bulk ship-
ments shall accompany the waybills, conductors' manifests, memoranda, or bills
of lading pertaining to such shipments.

Regulation 5. Provision for Inspection of Nursery Stock and Other Plants in
Transit
Any car, vehicle, box, bale, or other container moved interstate or offered to
a common carrier for shipment interstate, which contains or which the
inspector has probable cause to believe contains articles the movement of which
is prohibited or restricted by these regulations, shall be subject to inspection
by an inspector at any time or place.

Regulation 6. Cancelation of Permits
Permits issued under these regulations may be withdrawn or canceled and
further permits refused, either upon determination of blister rust infection on
the premises on which the articles concerned are or have been located or for
any failure of compliance with the conditions of these regulations or violation
of them or of the permitted's agreement, or whenever in the Judgment of the
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine the further use of such permits
might result in the dissemination of the white-pine blister rust. After any such
permit is withdrawn or canceled the further use of any permit tags issued
thereunder is prohibited.

Regulation 7. Shipments by the United States Department of Agriculture
Articles subject to restriction in these regulations may be moved interstate
by the United States Department of Agriculture for experimental, educational,
or scientific purposes on such conditions and under such safeguards as may
be prescribed by the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. The con-
tainer of articles so moved, except when shipped to or in care of the Inspection
House, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Washington, D. C., shall
bear, securely attached to the outside thereof, an identifying tag from the
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine showing compliance with such
conditions.
These revised rules and regulations shall be effective on and
after March 1, 1937, and shall on that date supersede the rules
and regulations promulgated September 10, 1932, as amended.
Done at the city of Washington this 16th day of February
1937.
Witness my hand and the seal of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.
H. A. WALLAOE,
Secretary of Agriculture,






PENALTIES

The Plant Quarantine Act of August 20, 1912 (37 Stat. 315), provides that no
person shall ship or offer for shipment to any common carrier, nor shall any
common carrier receive for transportation or transport, nor shall any person
carry or transport from any quarantined State or Territory or District of the
United States, or from any quarantined )portion thereof, into or through any
other State or Territory or District, any class of nursery stock or any other
class of plants, fruits, vegetables, roots, bulbs, seeds, or any other
article specified in the notice of quarantine in manner or
method or under conditions other than those prescribed by the Secretary of
Agriculture. It also provides that any person who shall violate any of the
provisions of this act or who shall forge, counterfeit, alter, deface, or destroy
any certificate provided for in this act or in the regulations of the Secretary
of Agriculture shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall upon con-
viction thereof be punished by a fine not exceeding $500 or by imprisonment not
exceeding 1 year, or both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the
court.
APPENDIX
STATES WHICH HAVE LEGALLY ESTABLISHED BLISTER RUST CONTROL AREAS

The following States have legally established blister rust control areas in
which the planting and possession of currant and gooseberry plants is prohib-
ited by State law or regulation. Before currant or gooseberry plants may bo
shipped into the States listed each shipment must bear a control-area permit
(form 415) from the officer named. Applications for such permits should state
the kind of plants to be shipped and the names and addresses of the con-
signor and consignee. Permits will not be issued for the movement of pro-
hibited plants into blister rust control areas.
In the case of shipments of five-leaved pines from infected States to or
between the New England States and New York, regulation 2, A (1), provides
that "a control-area permit secured from the proper officer of the State of desti-
nation may, until further notice, be substituted for the Federal pine-shipping
permit" required as to all other interstate shipments from infected States.
This provision is made to enable the State concerned to record the locations of
pine planted therein in order that provision may be made for the protection of
the pine by Ribes eradication around the areas in which such planting is done.
Federal inspector designated to act in the State
State into which shipment is to be made
Connecticut---- State Entomologist, Agricultural Experiment Station,
New Haven, Conn.
Idaho-------------- Director, Bureau of Plant Industry, Boise, Idaho.
MIaine -----------State Horticulturist, Augusta, Maine.
Maryland----------- State Plant Pathologist, College Park, Md.
Massachusetts---- ----Director, Division of Plant Pest Control, State House,
Boston, Mass.
Michigan------ Inspector in Charge, Orchard and Nursery Inspection,
Department of Agriculture, Lansing, Mich.
Minnesota----------- Commissioner of Conservation, State Office Building,
St. Paul, Minn.
New Hampshire--- -- State Nursery Inspector, Durham N. H.
New York---------- Director, Bureau of Plant Industry, Albany, N. Y.
Ohio ---------------Chief, Division of Plant Industry, Columbus, Ohio.
Pennsylvania-------- Chief, Division of Forest Protection, Harrisburg, Pa.
Rhode Island-------- State Entomologist, 310 State House, Providence, R. I.
Vermont------------ Forest Commissioner, Montpelier, Vt.
'Wisconsin -----------State Entomologist, Madison, Wis.


U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 1317










































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