Shipments of fruits and vegetables from producing regions to consuming markets by motor truck, 1933 and 1934

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Shipments of fruits and vegetables from producing regions to consuming markets by motor truck, 1933 and 1934
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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Bureau of Agricultural Economics
Division of Fruits and Vegetables


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U.S DEPOSITORY




SHIPMENTS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FROM PRODUCING REGIONS
TO CONSUMING MARKETS BY MOTOR TRUCK,
1933 AND 1934
i:. :E:.:


Trends in Motor-Truck Shipments, Distances Shipped,
and Seasonal Movement
L


Washington, D. C.
October 1935


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CONTENTS


Regions of origin of truck shipments, Figure 1 ........ Opposite

Introduction .....................................................

Shipments of fruits and vegetables from producing regions
to consuming markets by motor truck, 1933 and 1934. ...........

Oar-lot and boat shipments and approximate motor-truck
shipments of fruits and vegetables to consuming markets
in 1933 and 1934 from regions or States:

New England States, shipments, Table 1 ...................

Middle Atlantic States, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia,
and West Virginia, shipments, Table 2 ..................

East North Central States, shipments, Table 3 ........

West North Central States, shipments, Table- 4 .............

East South Central States, North Carolina, South Carolina,
and Georgia, shipments, Table 5 ..... .................

Florida, shipments, Table 6 ............... ..............

West South Central States, shipments, Table 7 .......,...,

Mountain States, shipments, Table S ...................

Washington and Oregon, shipments, Table 9 .........

California, shipments, Table 10 ..........................

United States, shipments, Tabla ll .......................

Trends in motor-truck movement of leading fruits and vegetables
as indicated by unloads in 4 cities, 1930 1934 .......... .

Distances of motor-truck movement indicated by origin of truck
receipts in 4 markets, 1933 ...............*.*........*....
4
Motor-truck movement by months and commodities as indicated by
receipts in 7 markets, 1934 ............... ..# ...... 0.........


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SHIPMENTS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FROM PRODUCING REGIONS TO CONSUMING
MARKETS BY. MOTOR TRUCK, 1933 AND 1934

Trends in motor-truck shipments, distances shipped, and seasonal movement



Prepared in the Division of Fruits and Vegetables





Introduction


The use of the motor truck in marketing has become of great impor-
tance to the fruit and vegetable industry. Complete statistical informa-
tion is not available on motor-truck shipments from most producing districts
and on receipts in most markets. This report is an attempt to use all in-
formation available through Federal and State agencies in estimating the
motor-truck' shipments to market of specific fruits and vegetables from 10
producing regions. The reported motor-truck receipts in certain cities are
also used in analyzing and discussing other aspects of truck marketing.

The first part of the report, including tables l to 11, is an esti-
mate of the motor-truck movement of fresh fruits -nd vegetap.bles from pro-
ducing districts to consuming markets by regions or States of origin. The
estimated truck movement is compared with car-lot r.il and borit movement.

Following the estimates of the movement to market by motor truck,
the topics: Trends in Motor-Truck Shipments, 1930-34, Distances Shipped, and
Monthly Receipts of Leading Fruits and Vegetables in a Number of Cities, are
discussed in order. Tables based on reported truck receipts in a number of
cities are included with the discussion of these topics.



Shipments of Fruits and Vegetables from Producing
Regions to Consuming Markets by Motor Truck, 1933 and 1934

In view of the scarcity of definite statistical information regard-
ing motor-truck movement, the quantities shown in tables 1 to 11 of this
report as marketed by truck can be considered only as approximations within
certain limits. But for each region or each commodity Ps a whole, it is
probable that the quantities indicated as shipped by truck are fairly ac-
curate.

The motor-truck movement figures are based on such data as are
available, chiefly motor-truck receipts by coimnodities and Stntes of
origin in a number of large maricets as reported through the Federal market
news service. The relation of the population in these markets to the urban
population in the entire region or State was used as a general factor in







approximating the total quantity shipped to market by motor truck from the re-
gions. Each commodity was consil.ercd separately, however, in regard to its
districts of production wJthinthe region, and in regard to its inter-regional
movement. The character of the demand was also considered. For example, po-
tatoes and cabbage are widely distributed among the smaller cities and towns,
whereas asparagus and grapefruit are marketed chiefly in the larger cities.
The percentage of estimated production of each commodity which was shipped by
rail and boat 12 to 1b years ago, before the motor truck became an important
factor in marketing, served as a general index for some regions in approxima-
ting the quantities marketed by rail, boat, and truck in 1933 and 1934. By
subtracting the reported rail and boat shipments from this total, an indication
of the motor-truck movement could be obtained in some instances. Market news
field-station reports and opinions of market news men and inspectors and State
marketing specialists relating to truck movement were used as a general check
on the figures representing truck movement.

Under present mar,.eting conditions, fruits and vegetables are trucked
to market by merchant trucmnen or dealers, by individuals or firms operating
trucks for hire and by farmers. Th3 tables showing truck shipments are intend-
ed to include all thuse various types of movement from producing regions to
consuming markets. Motor-truc?-: receipts at farnmers'markets as well as at
wholesale and jobbing markets and long-distance truck shipments to rural reaS
are included., .Products hailed in small lots from farms or roadside stands in
automobiles and strictly local movement to villages (places of less than 2,500
population) or rural areas are not included. Movement to market in horse-drawn
vehicles is classed under this strictly local rLovcment.

The shipment figures are for fresh fruits and vegetables only. Truck
movement to shipping point for farther transportation by rail or boat to market
and truck movement to canning factories or to other plants for manufacture are
not intended to be included. The statistics on rail and boat shipments with
which the truck shipments are compared do, for a few coim-odities, include some
shipments for manufacture. Wncre any of the 33 cor n.iodities listed in table 11
are omitted in tables 1 to 10, it is because there is no record of shipments
by rail, boat, or truck.

According to this estimPte, 3S percent of the fresh fruit and vegetable
Lrove-.ient from prodi-cing districts to consuming .iar:-ets went by motor truck in
19314 couipared with 37 percent in 1933. (Table 11.) The estimated proportions
shipped by motor truck in the United States varied with tne cor.ii.odities. and in
1934 ranged from 93 percent for green corn, down to 10 percent for lemons,
There were vride variations nnong the regions in volume shipped by motor truck.
The range in 1934 was from 66 percent in the group consisting of the Middle
Atlantic States, Delqv.-PrL, Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia, to 17 percent
in the Wnshington-Oregon group. (Tables 1 to 10.)






r
Table 1. Car-lot and. boat shipmments and approximate motor-truck shipments of
fruits and vegetables from producing districts in ITew Ebaland States to
consuming markets, 1933 and 1934 It


___L .__ j_______S3________
: 1.933 : 1934.
coodity :C 4ar-'lot: : :Percent-::Car-lot: : :Percent-
Commod~ity ar Motor- Motor-
: and : Total: age by :: and : Total: age by
boat t: truck "/
Cars.-:* .o.t.:..q:: truck :b.q .. t/: ru c k .; : truck
: Cars : Cars: Cars : Percent:: Cars : Cars: Cars : Percent
S *e S
S S* S .55
Apples 2,244: 6,300: 8,544: 74 :: 588: 6,600: 7,188: 92
Asparagus : 300: 300: 100 : : 300: 300: 100
Beans, snap & linma : 5: 1, 800: 1,805: 100 :: 2: 1,900: 1,902: 100
Beets : : 1,600: 1,600: 100 :: : 1,300: 1,300: 100
Blackberries 2/ : : 10: 10: 100 :: : : :
Cabbage 25; 2,500: 2,525: 99 :: g 2,900: 2,908: 100
Carrots 2: 1,03: 1,E02: 100 :: : 2,300: 2,300: 100
Cauliflower : 2: 600: 6032: 100 : 1: 800: 801: 100
Celery : : 800:. 800: 100 :: : 1,300: 1,300: 100
Corn, green : 1: 2,700:'2,30: 100 1: 2,100: 2,101: 100
Cranberries : 1,65: 600o: 2,065: 2q :: 962: 300: 1,262: 24
Cucumbers .: : 1,000: 1.000: 100 : : 1,000: 1,000: 100
Eggplant : : 100: 100: 100C : : 100: 100: 100
Grapes : : 13: 10: 100 :: : :
Lettuce & romaine : : 1,DO: 1,800: 100 :: 1 1,700: 1,701: 100
Onions : 532: 1,500: 2,032: 7 :: 1,027: 2,000: 3,027: 66
Peaches : 5: 500: 505: 99 : 10: 10: 100
Pears : : 200: 200: 100 :1: : 00: 100: 100
Peas, green : : 70: 70: 100 2: : 100: 102: 98
Peppers : : 700: 700: 100 : : 500: 500: 100
Potatoes : 49,201.: 4,300:53,501: 8 :: 50,184: 5,900:55,98kt: 10
Rutabagas & turnips : 11: 200: 211: 95 : 13: 200: 213: 94
Spinach : : 1,700: 1,700: 100 :: : 1,300: 1,300: 100
Strawberries : 11: 1,000: 1,011: 99 :: 20: 600: 620: 97
Tomatoes. : 1,400: 1,400: 100 :: 2: 2,700: 2,702: 100
Miscellaneous : 15: 3,230: 3,245: 100 :: 6: 3,180: 3,186: 100
& p 5 4 5 43
S S S
S C *
Total & percent : 53,519:36,320:89,839: 40 :: 52,817:39,090:91,907: 143
C C 55 S S C


.i/ The car-lot and boat shipment figures shown for 1934 in this table and other
tables from 1 to 11 are preliminary figures issued in March 1935. In tables 1
to 10, where it is indicated that 100 percent of any cormmiodity moves to market
by truck, it is to be understood that there may be some small quantities of less
than car-lot rail movement not included under car-lot and boat shipments. In-
cluding this 1. c. 1. rail movement, the truck shipments might therefore be less
than 100 percent. The 1. c. 1. rail movement is very small in comparison with
car-lot, boat, and truck movement.
2/ Includes dewberries and loganberries.


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tabie 2. Car-lot and boat shipments and approximate motor-truck shipments of
fruits and vegetables from producing districts in Middle Atlantic States,
Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, and West Virginia, to consuming markets.
1933 ond 1934
: i9- 3 1934


Car-
Commo dity lot
and
SJ:boat/lI:
Cr.s :

Apples :19,575:
Asparagus : 75:
Beans, snap & lima : 800:
Beets: 589;
Blackberries /2 :
Cabbage : 9,950:
Cantaloupe 2 : 297:
Carrots : 1,785:
Cauliflower : 178:
Celery : 2,701:
Cherries : 7:
Corn, green : 2:
Cranberries : 387:
Cucumbers : 1,536:
Eggplant 40:
Grapes : 1,50:
Lettuce & romaine : 1,465:
Onions : 2,799:
Peaches : 2,255:
Pears : 1,033:
Peas, green : 394:
Peppers : 87:
Plums & fresh prunes: 139:
Potatoes :25,331:
Rutabagas & turnips : 143:
Spinach : 2,102:
Strawberries : 1,056:
Sweetpotatoes : 5,517:
Tomatoes : 81S:
Watermelons : 1,497:
Miscellaneous 1: ,440:


Motor-:
truck :

Cars


: Por- :: Car- :
Total ,cntage., lot
Total : ^a d
by :: and :
Struck ::bOatL:
Cars :Percent: Cars
S
S


17,000: 36,575:
2,300: 2,375:
7,000: 7,800:
1,700: 2,289:
1,000: 1,000:
10,700: 20,650:
3,600: 3s,897:
a,3C3): 6,085:
2,400: 2,578:
3.200: '5,901:
600: 607:
6,500: 6,528:
250: 637:
1,800: 3,336:
500: 540:
5,000: 6,59o:
4.60oo: 6,065:
6,700: 9,499:
7,200: 9,455:
1,900: 2,933:
1,000: 1,394:
1,800: 1,837:
250: 389:
23,060: 48,331:
1,4oc: 1,543:
6,4oo00: 8,502:
4.,OO0: 5,056:
6,500: 12,017:
5,500: 6,31S:
1,200: 2,697:
13,480: 14,92o0:


46
97
90
74
100
52
92
71
93
54
99
100
39
54
93
73
76
71
76
65
72
95
64
49
91
75
79
54
87
44
90


a


Total & percent 85,604:152,7S0:233,384:
S S .


64 ::.s5,163:166,I.s50251s,613


/1 Includes proration among certain commodities of reported car-lot shipments of
2,076 cars of mixed vegetables and 141 cars of mixed deciduous fruits in 1933;
and of 2,27S cars of mixed vegetables and 162 cars of mixed deciduous fruits in
1934.
/2 Blackberries includesdewberries and loganberries; cantaloupe includosHoney Ball,
Honey Dew, Casaba, and Persian melons.


*L


S
Motor-:
truck :
S
S
Cars :

18,000:
2,300:
7,500:
2,500:
1400:
4oo:
11,800:
3,500:
6,000:
3,400:
4,300:
500:
8.j400:
150:
2,400:
750:
5,000:
4,800:
7,200:
700:
1,500:
1,400:
2,200:
150:
28,700:
2,000:
6,500:
3, SO0:
6,200:
6,300:
1,000:
17,100:
**


: Per-
Total :centage
:.by.
: truck
Care :Percent

37,793: U4
2,380: 97
8,595: 87
3,100: 81
3tO-lOO.: 9
400... 100
20,520: 58
3,821:. 90
7,873: 76
3,586: 95
7,069: 61
503: 99
8,424: 100
313: 48
3,389: T7
789: 96
5,80o6: s6
5, 7O:
11,624: 62
1,471: 48
2,312: 65
1.711: 82
2,275: 97
177: 85
58.101oi: 49
2,1899: 91
8,104: SO
49544: Af
11,1i2: 56
7,442: 85
2,32E: 43
17,969: 95


::19,793:
80:
1.: 095s
: 6: oo

:: 8720:
:: 321:
:: 1,8736
:: i86i
: 2,769:
3:
24:
: 163:
:: 989:
32:
806:
:: 1,070:
4:424:
: 771:
:: 812:
: 311:
75:
27:
:29,401:
:: 189:
: 1,604:
:: 744:
:: 4,942:
1,142:
:: 1,32S:
869:
S.**









Table 3. Car*lot and boat shipments and approximate motor-truck shipments of
fruits and vegetables from producing districts in the East North Contr.l
States /1 to consuming markets, 1933 and 1934


;__ 1933 :: 19
Co o-4 t- 4- # 1 u-4


Conmnodity Car--o t:
H : and
... r._: boat :
: Cars :

* Apples 3,52S:
Asparagus : 112:
Beans, snap & lima : 31:
SBeets : 32:
blackberries /2 : 10:
SCabbage : 2,750:
SCarrots 191:
C:, auliflower :
Cantaloups /2 197:
ii Celery : 866:
r Cherries : 103:
Corn, green : 1:
SCranberries : 151:
i1 Cucumbers. : 165:
IEggplant :
. Grapes : 643:
K! Lettuce & romaine : 76:
Onions : 9,59c,
: Peaches : 2,014.
Pears : 324:
Peas, green :
Peppers : 3:
Plums & fresh prunes: 10:


Motor-
truck Total:
S
Cars : Cars :
S
7,000:10,528:
800: 912:
1,000: 1,031:
250: 282:
250: 260:
4,oo000: 6,750:
1,200: 1,391:
200: 200:
2,.000: 2,197:
3,QOO: 3,866:
700: 803:
1,800: 1,01:
.20: 171:
800: 965:
.300: 300:
4,000: 4,643:
300: 376:
1I600:11,199:
2,000: 4,014:
500: 8214:
20: 20:
600: 603:
300: 310:


Potatoes : 16,002:1,000:34,002:
Rutabagas & turnips : 219: 80: 299:
Spinach : 23: 700: 723:
Strawberries : 519: 2,200: 2,719:
Sweetpotatoes : 309: -400: 709:
Tomatoes : 908: 3,500: 4,408:
Watermelons : 115: 500: 915:
Miscellaneous :/3 210: 1,550: 1,760:
p 3 0
S S
...Total& percent : 39,111:59,70:98,981:


-er u-;. ^ar-j N N.M nr-*


age by:: and : trc:
truck :: boat :t :
Percent:: Cars : Cars :
*5 H
66 :: 3,251: 6,500:
88 :: 71: 950:
97 :: 11: 1,000:
9 :: 6s: 300:
96 : 7: .150:
59 :: 7,327: 5,500:
86 210: 1,200:
100 :: : 300:
91 :: 302: 2,000:
78 :: 719: 2,800:
87 :: 59: 700:
100 :: 2: 1,800;
12 :: 176: 30:
93 :: 110: 1,000:
100 :: : 200:
86 582: 3,800:
0 :: 64: 300:
14 :: 7,936: 1,700:
50 :: 402: 1,800:
61 :: 1,317: 1,500:
100 :: : 20:
100 :: 3: 600:
97 :: 11: 400:
53 :: 15,395:20,000:
27 :: 317: 300:
97 :: 21: 800:
1 :: 230: 19,00:
56 :: 136: 500:
79 :: 731: 3,000:
87 :: 207: 700:
SS ::/ 253: 1,970:


60 :: 42,91G:63,620:


/l Includes the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin.
2 Blackberries includes dewberries and loganberries; cantaloups includes Honey Ball,
Honey Dew, Casaba, and Persian melons.
/ Includes in addition to greens for 1933, 199 cars reported as mixed vegetables
Sand 10 cars reported as mixed deciduous: and for 1934, 217 cars of mixed
vegetables and 35 cars of mixed deciduous.


34
:Percent-
Total : age by
:truck
Cars : Percent

9,751: 67
1,021: 93
1,l011: 99
36s: 82
157: 96
12,827: 43
1,410: 85
300: 100
2,302: 87
3,519: s0
759: 92
1,502: 100
206: 15
1,110: 90
200: 100
4,392: 97
364: 82
9,636: 1I
2,202: 82
2,S17: 53
20: 100
603: 100
411: 97
358,395: 52
617: 49
321: 97
2,030: 89
636: 79
3,731: S0
907: 77
2,223: 89


106,538: 60








6.

Table 4. C-ar-lot and boat shipments and approximate 'notor-truck shipments of
fruits and vogotablos froirm producing districts in Wost North Contral Statos to
consuming i"rkots, 1933 and 1934


1933
: Or-.lo t sMto-:
Commodity Cro Motor-'.
: and : Totnl
: boat : *


: Cars : Cars :
* S S
* S


Apples
Asparagus
Beans, snap & lima
Beets
Blackberries Li
Cabbage
Cantaloups I
Carrots
Cauliflower
Celery
Cherries
Corn, green
Cucumbers
Eggplant
Grapes
Lettuce & romaine
Onions
Peaches
Pears
Peas, green
Peppers
Plums & fresh prunes:
Potatoes
Rutabagas & turnips :
Spinach
Strawberries


1,922:
m
1:
2:
m
1,007:
56:
55:

2:
m



97:
4:









36,754:
m
268:



553:
2,1497:



127:
402:
m
*
*
36.7514:
505:
127:
802:


14500:
.200:
500:
200:
50:
:. oo:
900:
.350:
30:
150:
S70:
1,800:
150:
100:
1,000:
200:
400:
S500:
* 100:
20:
. 2.'0:


Cars

3,422
200
501
202
50
1,907
956
4o05
30
152
70
1,997
154
100
1,26g
203
2,S97
507
o14
20
200


):

)S
S:
S:

S:
Se
Se

S:
S:


*


.4,000:40,754:
500: 1,005:
400: 527:
60): 1,4)2:


potatoes : 40: 1,500: 1,540:
toes V 75: 1,530: 1,575:
melons : 2,446:. 400 2,846:
oellanoous :/2 116: 1,503: 1,616:

*l & S
:. -
To'tal & percent : 46,S90:19,723:66,61:
: S' 0


Porcont-::Oar-lot :ntnr- :


l93~4


:Porcent-


ago by and (truck: Total: ago by
truck :: boat : : trucksi
Percent:: Cars : Cars : Cars : Porcolt

44 3s6: 1,200: 1,5s6: 76
100 : 200: 200: 100
100 : 500: 500: 100
99 3: 250: 253: 99
100 : 50: 50: 100
147 762: 900: 1.662: 54
94 43: 600: 643: 93
S629: 300: 329: 91
100 : 50: 50: 100
99 : 150: 150: 100
100 : 70: 70: 100
90 : 500: 500: 100
97 9: 150: 159: 94
100 : 50: 50: 100
79 229: 600: 829: 72
99 :. 200: 200: 100
14 409: 300: 709: 42
19 4: 700: 704: 99
96 24: 200: 224: 89
100 : 20: 20: 100
100 100: 100: 100
10: 10: 100
10 26,109: 3,000:29,109: 10
.50 : 4: gg: 500: 9S9: 51
76 :: 301: 800: 1,101: 73
43 612: 500: 1,112: 45
97 2: 1,5,X) 1,502: 100
95 :: 3. :': 303: 99
14 29676S' r: 3 076: 13
93 :L2/ Sl:' l,cC: 1,69l: 95
*: :
_____: : _


30 :: 32,170:15,7j1.'1'7,`70:
:* 5 5
*m S


/i Blackberries includes dewberries and loganberries; cantalouiips includosHoncy Ball,
Honoy Dew, Casaba, and Persian melons.

/2 Includes in addition to greens, for 1933, 112 cars of mixed vegetables and 2
cars of mixed deciduous fruits, and in 1934, 77 cars of mixed vegetables.


Swee
Toma
Wate
Misc







it


Table 5. Car-lot and boat shipments and approximate motor-truok shipmenuts.oflruit'
and vegetables from producing districts in East South Central States, North
Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, to consuming markets, 1933 and 1934


Oomnodity


J 'Apples
SAsparagus
-;.Beans, snap & li
.1: -Beets
.1i ..lackberries /2
*I.$abbage
! Cantalot-ps
'DCarrots
I.Cauliflower
Corn green
buacumbers
SgLplant
Grapes
Lettuce & remain
Onions
Oranges & tanger
Peaches'
SPears
SPeas, green
Peppers
Plums & fresh pr
Potatoes
Butabagas & turn
.Spinach
Strawberries
Sweetpotatoes
Tomatoes
Watermelons
Miscellaneous

Total & perc


,oz em19144
_____i____________ i________-___
:Car-lot: : :Percent-::Car-lot: : :Percent-
and :in, : Totdl: age by :: and :oto: Total : age by
:boat /I: truck, : truck :boat I: truck : truck
: Cars : Cars : Cars : Percent:: Cars : Cars : Cars : Percen
6 6 0 *. S
S S S *
139: 2,000: 2,139: 94 :: 40: 1,800: 1,840: 98
: 6gs: 150: 83S: 18 :: 585: 150: 735: 20
ma : 1,104: 1,600: 2,704: 59 :: 1,874: 2,700: 4,574: 59
125: 200: 325: 62 :: i11: 200: 311: 64
16: 200: 216: 93 :: 39: 250: 289: 87
4,,335: 2,000: 6,335: 32 :: 5,707: 3,000: 8,707: 34
617: '800: 1,417: 56 :: 422: 800: 1,222: 65
S 87: 100: 187: 53 :: g8: 100: 188: 53
S: 1 : : 1: 10: 11: 91
413: 1,200: 1,613: 74 :: 637: 1,600: 2,237: 72
1: ,487: 400: 1,87: 21 :: 1,934: .500: 2,434: 21
1: 100: 101: 99 :: : 100: 100: 100oo
1: 00: 100: 100 : 2: 100: 102: 98
,e 393: 100: 1493: 20 :: 209: '100: 309: 32
4i: 100: 148: 68 :: 18: 100: 118: 85
ines: L: 10: 14: 71 :: 244: 20: 264: 8
10,187: 2,000:12,187: 16 :: 11,062: 2,500: 13,562: 18
: 00: 400: 100 :: 43: 600: 643: 93
709: 400: 1,109: 36 :: 60: 500: 1,180: 42
S 205: 300: 505: 59 :: 167: 350: 517: 68
lunes: 4: : 4: 0 :: 4: : 4: 0
: 12,253: 900:13,153: 7 :: 20,066: 1,700: 21,766: 8
ips : 39: 600: 639: 94 :: 35: '900: 935: 96
95: 250: 545: 72 :: 111: 300: 411: 73
4,563: 3,350: 7,913: 42 :: 3,071: 3,100: 6,171: 50
3,5393: 4,500: 7,S93: 57 :: 2,514: 3,600: 6,114: 59
: 4,247: "1 450: 4,697: 10 :: 5,0S3: 6o00: 5,6S3: 11
15,969: 2,200:18,169: 12 :: 13,814: 2,600: 16,414: 16
209: 2,500: 2,709: :: 221: 3,000: 3,221: 93
C 9 3 62 3 1
:ent : 61,330:26,910:s,240: 30 :: 63,7U2:31,280:100,062: 31
S S : *: S S S
S S S 55 6 *


/2 Includes dewberries and loganberries.


j% Includes proration among certain commodities of reported car-lot shipments of
1,641 cars of mixed vegetables in 1933 and 1,605 cars in 1934.









Table 6. Car-lot and boat shipments and approximate mo tor-truk sUbpmat -of trt
and vegetables from producing districts in Florida to consuming markets,
1933 and 1934

1933 1934
C i COar-I.ot: j.itr-;: :Percent-: :CGar-lot :lotor-:. :Percent-
Coanmadity d : ck: Total : 'age by : and : track: Total : age by
:_2boat jl: .8 : : truck ::boat /Ii: --jj;tk
:ba 11.A-: L_ rm...
: Cars : Oars : Cars : Percent:: Cars : Cars : Cars : Pereev.':
S S S Si S 5
5 0 5 55 5 *
Beans, snap & lima .: 10,185: i:600: 11,785:. i4 .: 8,607: 1,900: 10,507: 10
Beets : : 5: 30: :35: -86 :6: 40: 46: 87
C.bbage: : 3,460: : 700: 4,160:- 17 3,640: 1,400: 5.040: 29
?.-.ntalou.ps : 30: 30' 100 30100
Carrots 12: 40: '52: 77 : 6:. 40: : 7
C:.uliflQwer : 6: : 6: 0 : : :
Jelery : .7,106: .560: 7,666: 7 : 8,459:- 600: 9,059: 7
*orn, green : 7: 100: IC7: 53 : 165: 100: 265: 358
cumberss 761: 160: 941: *17 : 848: 150: 99S: 15
eggplant 6 47: 100:- 947: 11 : 716: 130: i 15
r.rapefruit 22,467: 2,960:.25,427: :12 17,452: 3,300: 20.79ts. lE
rapes : 2: .. 10:. 12: 3 ::. 1:. 20: 21 95
Lettuce & romaine : 790: 20: 810: 2:: 566: 20: 586: 3
Dranges & tamgerines: 36761: 7.000: 43,761: .16 ::37,752: 9.200: 46,952: 20
Peas, green : 540: .130: 670: 19 :: 825: 250: 1,075: 23
Peppers. 3,234: :260: 39494: 7 2,303: 280: 2,583: 11
Potatoes : .4,146: 540: 4,696: 12 5,848: go0: 6964g: 12
TRutabagas & turnips : : 50: 50: 100 : So: SO: 100
3Strawberrio : 2,043: 350: 2,393 15 1,803: 300: 2,103: 14
$weotpotatoes : 34: o800: 834: 96 56: 1,000: 1,056: 95
Tomatoes : 6,413: 1400: 7,513: :15 :: 7,938: 1,600: 9,538: 17
,fatormelons : .4,241: .600: 4,641:. .12 :: 3,862: 550: 4,412: 12
Miscellaneous : 766: .850: 1,616: 53 : 713:. 900: 1.613: 56
6 6 55 9 S* ___ S _
5 5 o* 5 5 .
Total & percent :103,926:17,990:121,916: 15 ::101,566:22,690:124,256: 18
5 0 5 66 S *
S S S 66 5 S S

L/. Includes proration among certain commodities of reported car-lot shipments of
mixed vegetables according to estimates furnished by the Florida. State Marketing
Bureau. Mixed-car shipments of citrus aro also prorated.

/2 Truck movement figures are based largely on reports and information furnished.'
by the Florida. State Marketing Bureau on inter-stato and intra.-stato movement.








Table 7. Car-lot
andvecet.-'bles from


and boat shipments nnd
producing districts in
ing markets,


approximate motor-truck ahipmenta of fruits
the West South Central States to consurn-
1933 and 1S34


: 19/319:: 1934
:Car-lot :Percent-: :Crr-lot:Motor: :Porcont-
Coir.iodity d tor- otor-
and rck Total: ago by :: and : Total: ago by
:boat /I: : : truck ::boab /Aa t : : truck
: Cars : Cars : Cars : Porcont:: Cars :* Cars : Cars : Percent
S S S S S
S S 9 5
Apples 127: 900: 1,027: 88 :: 33:- 900: 933: 96
SBeans, snap & lima : 1,169: 700: 1,869: 37 :: 1,315: 600: 1,915: 31
SBeets : 1,320: 400: 1,720: 23 :: 1,580: 500: 2,080: 24
Blackberries /2 1: 10: 11: 91 : 7: 20: 27: 74
Cabbage : 4,934: 600: 5,534: 11 11,660: 1,000:12,660: 9
' Cantaloups /2 : 520: 300: 820: 37 : 536: 400: 936: 43
C 'arrots : 2429: 500: 2,929: 17 :: 2,217: 500: 2,717: 18
Cauliflower 14: 40: 54: 74 :: 5: 30: 35: 86
Celery 9: 20: .29: 6q 9: 20: 29: 69
Celery .:299:
Corn, green 749: 400: 1,149: 35 :: 404: 300: 704: 43
Cucumbers 46g: 150: 61g: 24 : 417: 200: 617: 32
Eggplant : 67: 50: 117: 43 :: 81: 60o: 141: 43
Grapefruit : 2,081: 1,100: 3,181: 35 :: 2,535: 1,400: 3,935: 36
Grapes : 198: 500: 698: 72 : 77: 700: 777: 90
Lettuce & romaine : : 10: 13: 77 : 5: 10: 15: 67
jOnions : 5,217: 600: 5,817: 10 :: 6,960: 800: 7,760: 10
/Oranges & tangerines: 158: 900: 1,058: 85 :: 166: 1,300: 1,466: 89
Peaches : 285: 700: 985: 71 :: 1,726: 1,800: 3,526: 51
Pears : : 100: 100: 100 : 52: 200: 252: 79
Peas, green : 23: 100: 123: 81 :: 21: 150: 171: 88
Peppers : 496: 50: 546: 9 : 359: 100: 459: 22
Potatoes : 7,177: 2,100: 9,277: 23 :: ,676: 2,500:11,176: 22
Rutabagas & turnips : 307: 100: 407: 25 : 391: 100;: 491: 20
Spinach : 6,012: 6OO: 6,612: 9 :: 6,124: 600: 6,724: 9
Strawberries : 3,757: 700: 4,457: 16 :: 5,01: 800: 5,S81: 14.
Sweetpotatoes : 1,40o4: 4,000: 5,404: 74 :: 2,079: 3,600: 5,679: 63
Tomatoes : 6,718: 500: 7,618: 12 :: 6,545: 1,200: 7,745: 15
Watermelons : 2,50: 1.500: 4,008: 37 :: 2,415: 1,400: 3,815: 37
Miscellaneous : 1,100: 2,700: 3,80O: 71 :: 1,43C: 3,C0: 4,1438: 68
0 0 5 ** S *
Total &percent :49,251:20,730:69,981: 30 :: 62,914:24,190:87,104: 25
*= S S 9 6* S S

L Includes proration among certain commodities of reported car-lot shipments of 315
S cars of mixed citrus and 6,495 cars of mixed vegetables in 1933 and of 259 cars
of mixed citrus and 7,834 cars of mixed vegetables in 1934.

L Blackberries includesdewoBnrries and loganberries; cantaloupe includes Honey Ball,
Honey Dew, Cansaba, and Persian melons.






10.


Table 8. Car-lot
andvegetables from


and.-.beat shipments and approximate motor-truck ahipmefnts of fr!l
producing districts in the Mountain States to consuming markets,
1933 and 1934


Commodity


Apples'
Asparagus
Beans,: san.


p & lima


Beets
Blackberries 2/
Cnbbage
Cantaloups 2/:
Carrots
Cauliflower
Celery
Cherries
Corn, green
Cucumbers
Eggplant
Grapefruit
Grapes
Lemons
Lettuce & -romaine
Onions
Oranges & tangerine
Peaches
Pears : ,
Peas, green
Peppers
Plums & fresh pruno
Potatoes
Rutabiagas & turnips
Spinach
Strawberries
Sweotpotatoes
Tomatoes
Watermelons
Miscellaneous


B




S


Total & percent :


Car-lot tr T
and'Mtr-T
t ruc B
:boat 1I:
Cars : Cars : C

: 5,600: 1,000: 6
40: 120:
152: 200:
: 250:
S 20:
942: 600: 1
4. m06.: 900: 5
631: 500: 1
S1,686: 0SO: I1
219: 350:
206: 100:
: 500:
S 3: 150:
: *%):
402: 400:
44: 100:
S
: 8,194: 450: S
: 3,277: 650: 3
80: 80:
874: 250: 1
95: 120:
1,095: 200: 1
: 300:
S 342: 6o:
: 37,925: 5,500:43
: 400:
25: 200:
10: 300:
S 82: 10:
4132: 600: 1
58: 200:
272: 600:


tal

a.rs

,600
16o
352
250
20
9542
,706
,131
,766
569
306
500
153
So
so2
302
144

,644
,927
16o
,124
215
,295
3o00

925
400
225
310

.0
2 v
S572
572


67,49e:15,270:82,762
:a


: 1933


13 ::
100 ::
89 ::
97 ::
11
5 ::
78 ::
69 :


18


43.761:
*
19:
12:
41:
531:
59:
305:
*


5,300:49,
4oo00:
200:
200:
10:
750: 1,
200:
700: 1,


061:
400:
219:
212:
51:
281:
259:
005:


11
100
91
20
59
77
70


73,679:15,760 :89,.39:
a a
3


LI Includes proration among certain coravJl-tios of rororted car-lot shipments In
1933 oi 2,352 cars of mixed veg'tabloo, 14 cars of mixed deciduous, and g cars
of mixed citrus; in 1934, 2,519 cars of mixed vcgetablcs, 42 cars of mixed
deciduous, and 22 cars of mixed citrus.
SBlackberries includes dewberries and loganberries; cantaloupes includes Honoy
Ball, Honey Dow, Casaba, and Persian melons.


__7


:: 193
:Percent-::Car-lot: : :Percent-
: ag byi and :Motor-.
:age by:: and : : Total: age by
: track ::boat I/: trick: : truck
: Percent:: Cars: Cars: Cars : Percern.

15 :: ,73: 1,000: 5,783: 17
75 : 51: 100: 151: 66
57 :: 126: 150: 276: 54
100 : : 250: 250: 100
100 : : 20: 20: 100
39 522: 500: 1,022: 49
16 :: 3,779: 750: 4,529: 17
44 :: 517: 500: 1,017: 49
5 :: 1,162: 50: 1,212: 4
62 : 2:!: 400: 631: 63
S 33 :.: 162: 150: 312: 4$
: 100 : : 500: 500: 100
98 :: : 150: 150: '100
100 ::: 80: 80: 100
50 :: 1,123: 500: 1,623: 31
69 :: 32: 120: 152: 79
9: : 9: 0
S 5 :: 7,518: 50: 7,96S: 6
17 4,717: 900: 5,517: 14
50 : 142: 100: 242: 41
22 :: 2,099: 650: 2,749: 24
: 56 : 199: 150: j49: 43
15 :: 1,009: ISO0: 1,1i9: 15
100 :: : 300: 300: 100
15 770: 150: '0: 16








11.

Table 9. Car-lot and boat shipments and approximate motor-truck shipments of fruits
and vegetables from producing districts in Washington and Oregon to consum-
ing markets, 1933 and 1934


: 1933 : 1934 -
fl.mnr + :Car-lot :,n ..: :Porcont-: :Car-lot:. -: lPercent-


r -: and :


_:boat /J:
: Cars :
*
*
Apples : 29,688:
Asparagus 51:
Boans, snap & lima : 2:
Beets 10:
Blackberries 2/ : 49:
Cabbage : 46:
Cantaloups 2/ : 59:
Carrots 117:
Cauliflower 1,273:
Celery 573:
Cherries 995:
Oranborrieos 2:
Cucumbers 2:
Eggplant
Grapes S :
Lettuce & romaino 1,652:
Onions 1,722:
Peaches 254:
Pears 7,274:
Peas, groaeen 1,303:
Peppers :
Plums & fresh prunes: 1946:
Potatoes- S,034:
RuItabagas & turnips 206:
Spinach : 202:
Strawberries : 4:
Sweetpotatoes :
Tomatoes 229:
Watermelons : 96:
Miscellaneous 72:
*
*


Total & percent:


ago by :: and : track Total: ago by
truck :boat i1: tnc : truck


Cars : Cars : Percent
1,700:36,301: 5
1. 700: 36,301: 5


... -Total:
truck:

Cars : Cars :

1,500:31,1SS:
50: 101:
50: 52:
20: 0:
100: 149:
S00: 1,266:
500: 559:
200: 317:
100: 1,373:
250: 82S:
230: 1,185:
30: 32:
20: 22:
10: 10:
4oo: 4ss:
o600: 2,252:
400: 2,122:
300: 554:
530: 7,774:
200: 1,503:
'20: 20:
30o: 2,246:
1,600: 9,634:
200: 406:
100: 302:
300: 304:
50: 50:
700: 929:
20J: 296:
1,600: 1,672:
*


Percent::

.5 ::
50 :
96 ::
67 ::
67 ::
63 ::
9 ::
63 ::
7
30
17
94
91
100
S2
27
19
54 :
6 ::
13 ::
100 :
13 ::
17 ::
49 ::
33
99 ::
100 :
75 ::
6S ::
96 ::


17 ::


67,422:13, 380: 80, 02:


/! Includes proration among certain commodities of reported car-lot shipments in
1933 of 1,007 cars of mixod deciduous and 798 cars of mixed vegetables; in 1934,
1,316 cars of mixed deciduous, and SSO cars of mixed vegetables.

/ Blackberries includes dewberries and loganberries; cantaloups includosHoney Dews,
oneoy Balls, Casabas and Persian melons.


56, 364:11,300:67,664:
0 5
S


Cars :
S
34, 6ol:
10S:
3:
n.
161:
225:
49:
133:
1,203:
801:
979:
17:
*
*
*
121:
1,718:
2.,953:
1,151:
7,663:
S07:

2,172:
11,589:
257:
147:
34:

225:
216:
0O:


48
94
69
49
so
91
60
11
27
13
64
100
.100
77
29
14
41
6
16
100
16
15
54
35
92
100
73
4S
96


100: 20 S:
50: 53:
S20: 29:
S150: 311:
900: 1,125:
500: 549:
200: 333:
150: 1,353:
300: 1,101:
150: 1,129:
30: 47:
20: 20:
10: 10:
400: 521:
700: 2,418:
500: 3,453:
soo00: 1,951:
500: s,163:
'150: 957:
20: 20:
400: 2,572:
2,0)0:13, 59:
300: 557:
SO: 227:
40oo: 434:
50: 50:
SO0: 1,025:
200: 416:
1,SO0: 1,690:




12.

able 10. Car-lot and boat shipments and approximate motor-truck shipments of
-fr ti-ts and vegetables from producing districts in California to consuming markets,
1933 and 193h


IqgI


Commodity


Apples
Asparagus
Beans, snap & lima
Beets
Blackberries"2J
Cabbage
Cantaloups 2J
'nrrots
Cauliflower
Celery
Cherries
Corn, green
Cucumbers
Eggpl qnt
Grapefruit
r apes
Lemons
Lettuce & romaine
Onions
-Ornag-s & tangerines:
?eaches 31
Pears
Peas, green
Peppers
Plums & fresh prunes:
Potatoes
Rutabagas & turnips
Spinach
strawberries
Sweetpotatoes
Tomatoes
Natermelons
Miscellaneous


Car-lot : o o -
* n
:tMotor-.
oand : truck:
:boat 1/


."
Cars :
.3,086:
2,487:
L23 '
20:
22":
902:
12,602:
7,390:
5,916:
7,5s43:
.1,205:
19:
S56:
20:
1,069:
29.615:
15,241:
32.365:
2,987:
56,494:
12,817:
5,906:
6.409:
186:
2,517:
8,178:
21:
187:
4hL7:
472:
.4,255:
2.822:
hJ3,770:


Cars
2,000:
1,600:
2,300:
1,100:
500:
2,800:
4. 600:
14,1400:
496oo:

2,800:
440oo:
IbOO:
64,oo:
1400:
2,600:
.700:
300:
1 ,300:
3,800:
1,600:
9,100:
2,000:
3 ,600:
.3300:
1,250:
2,800:
700:
600:
5,500:
1-300:
2,700:
2,20o:
1, 600:
6,200:
2,100:
8,790:


: Per- ::


: cent-::oCar-lot.Motor-
Total .e by:: and : truck
Struck:: boat 1:;


Cars :
F :o96:
.087:
2,723:
1,120:
500:
3,702:
17,202:
11,790:
8,716:
12,243:
1,605:
2,619:
756:
320:
2,369:
33,415:
16,8bi:
41,465:
4,987:
65,094:
16,117:
7,i56:
9,209:
s886:
3.417:
13,678:
1.321:
2,8S7:
2,6147:
1.772:
10,455:
4,922:
12,560:


Per- ::
cent Cars :
39 ::Z7Ta:
TT. ;2.7-r92
39 3,010:
84 :: 431:
9 : 21:
2J: 2J :
76 : 551:
27 :: 13.845:
37 :: 10,391:
32 :: 5,838:
36 :: 7,580:
25 : 1,149:
99 ::
93 :: 29:
94 :: 20:
55 :: 2,176:
11 :: 31,055:
10 :: 17,606:
22 35:: ,175:
40 :: 2,852:
13 :: 56,102:
20 9:: 863:
17 :: 7.928:
30 :: 4,663:
79 :: 233
18 :: 3,353:
40 :: 10,595:
9n 1.2 ,:
83 : 22:
73 577:
59 : 4.219:
43 : 3.99:
70 ::4/14,Loo:


1934
*:: Per-


t: : cent-
STotal :age by
Struck


Cars- :
F. 9700:
1,700o
3,200:
1,500:
600:
3 .500:
5,400oo:
4,800:
2,100:
,500:
250:
2900:

1,700:
3,900:
2,000:
9,800:
2,400:
9,000:
2,800:
1,500:
2,600:
800:
700:
7,500:

2,900:
2,200:
1,700:
7,90?:
3,400:
10,120:


4.710:
3,631:
1,521:
600:
4,0o1:
19.245:
15,191:
8,938:
12,080:
1,399:
2,300:
929:
420:
3.876:
34,955:
19,606:
44,975:
5,2521
65,102:
12,663:
9.428:
7,263:
1 ,013:
4,053:
18,095:
1 ,426:
3,025:
2,622:
2 277:
12,119:
7,358:
14,520:


Per-
cent
-w
36
88
99

96
28
32
35
37
18
100
97
95
2144
11
10
22
46
14
22
16
36
79
17
41
98
96
84
75
65
4670
70


Total & percent 228,027 95,640o323,667:


30 ::240,9l5:l08,670:3L9,585:
: ..


California truck movement figures are a joint estimate of representatives of the
Fruit and Vegetable Division and the Division of Crop and Livestock Estimates.
I/ Includes proration among certain commodities of reported car-lot shipments in
1933 of 1,833 cars of mixed deciduous, 5,11b cars of mixed vegetables, and 1,672
cars of mixed citrus; and in 1934 of 1,962 cars of mixed deciduous,.5,663 cars of
mixed vegetables, and 1,775 cars of mixed citrus.
2/ Blackberries for Cplifornia includes dewberries, loganberries, and Youngberries.
There is a considerable movement of these berries by 1. c. 1. express. The truck
shipments are probably around 90 percent of the movement to market. Cantaloups
includes Honey Ball, Honey Dew, Casaba, and Persian melons.
SCar-lot and boat shipments of peaches include some movement to canning plants.
/ Car-lot shipments of miscellaneous commodities other than greens are not reported.
Figures shown are approximations based chiefly on reported receipts in 16 cities.


m


W3,770:


* |






13.


Table 11. Total car-lot and boat shipments and apnroximate motor-truck shipments of
fruits and vegetables from prodci.ing districts in the United States to consuming mar-


ke t s, 933 and 19314
;_______U33 ___ -.-':_


: FE
: Car-lo t: otor- c:er
Commodity : and : Total : ae
boat I/: truck : : by
.,________.__.__ _____:__ : t r
Sr. : : PC
: Cars : Cars : Cars : cE

appless : 65,909: 39,200: 105,109:
'aparags : 3.453: 5,520: 6,973:
Bans, snap & lima : 1,S72: 16,750: 30.622: F
ets 2,103: 5,750: 7,853:
lackberries 7h: 2,1 0lO: 2,21b: c
cabbage : 23,771: 25,600: 51,371: 1
sataloups 2/ : 19,154: 13,630: 32,784: .
carrots : 12,693: 13,390: 26;099: F
waullflower 9,075: 6,2P.: 15 ,25: )
elery : 19,324: 12,730: 7 P054: )
berriess : 2,50o: 2,070: 4,57o:
orn, green 1,?q: 17,200: l ,695:
ranberries : 2,005: 90j: 2,905:
ucumbers : 4,502: 5,330: 9,532: F
gglnt : 975: 1 ,o'JO: 2 .15: E
grapefruit : 26,019: 5,760: 31,779: ]
rapes : 32,138: 14,920: 47,353: 0
emons : 15,24: 1 ,600o: 16,c4?.: ]
ettuco & romaine : )14, 94!: 17,1.0: 62,1.21:
nions : 2&,b7C: 13,950: b2,620:
ranges & tangerines: 93,497: 16,590: 110,07: 1
Peaches : 2,6%9: 16,750: 45 h43:
Poars : 14,636: 5,0.0: 19,706:
epoas, green : 10,473: 4,9LO: 15,413:
:Peppers : 4,211: 1,930: 9,141: .
Plums & fresh prunes: 5,258: 1,510: 6,76S:
SPotatoes :205,001: 6, 41bO0: 27.Jb4l:
"'hitabagas & turnips : 1,451: 8730: 6,281:
i'Spinach : 3,773: 1.3,050: 21 ,23: c
strawberries : 1l2,12: 15,000: 22,212: S
Sweetpotatoes : It.251: IO60: 30.,11:
tomatoes : 2 .095:21,b50: 115,945: 1
watermelons 29,752: 9,200: 38,952: [
iscellaneous :l970,: 6.SC.: h44.770:
Total & percent 79l,51 l41456 ,5301,24s,0o44
SIncludes prorations among certain c ommodities (
Mixed citrus fruits, mixed deciduous fruits, a:
Sunder "miscellaneous" estimated shipments of Ci
3.. 5,034 cars in 1933 and 3,249 cars in 1934 not
Sof car-lot shipments.
II Blackberries includes dewberries and logpnberri
Srice also are included; cpntaloups includes Ho!
Persian melons.


r- : : Per-
it-: Cnr--o t: : :cent-
;e :: and : Motor-: Total : age
S::boat I/: truck : : by
ick _: : : : : truck
r- : : : Per-
nt:: Cars : Cars Cprs : cent
.
57 :: 66,217: 39,900: 106,117: 38
2:: 3,905: 5,P00: 9,705: 60
5 :: 13,h64: 19,500: 32,964: 59
'3 :: 2,38: 6.s60: 9,258: 74
7 :: 214: 1,640: 1,54: 68
47 :: 39,122: 31,400: 70,522: 45
12 :: 19,297: 13,980: 33,277: 42
1 :: 15,464: 15,9o0: 31,404: 51
1 : ,396: 7,890: 16,286: 48
0 :: 20,568: 114,370: 314936: 1
45 :: 2,352: 1,620: 4,172: 44
)2 : 1,233: 17,600: 18,833: 93
1 : 1,315: 510: 1,826: 26
14 4,336: 6,470: 10o,06: 60
3 :: 3149: 13-C,3: 2,729: 69
S:: 23,286: 6,900: 30,166: 23
2 :: 32,905: 14,610o: 47,545: 31
0 :: 17,615: 2,000: 19,615: 10
8 :: 46,326: 1S.030: 64,406: 28
3 :: 31,296: 15,300: 47,096: 34
5 4,4 ,06: 19,620: 114,026: 17
7 2:: 27,07S: 11,760: 3S9,33: 30
:6 :',033: 6,250: 21428: 26
52 : ,318: 5,370: 13,688: 39
4 :: 3,120: 5,250: 8,370: 63
2:: 6,337: 1,810: 8,.147: 22
?4 ::224,624: 77,300: 301,924: 26
77 :: 1,716: 6,1i0: 7,696: 78
0 8:: 6,452: 13,4O0: 21,932: 61
53 :: 12,029: 13,700: 25,729: 53
53 :: 10,347: 13,160: 2S,507: 614
S:: 26,uL19 25,15C: 51,569: 49
?:: 2s,i35: 10,450: 36,985: 27
2 ,g366: 43370 51,736: g4
57 :V28,346:500,830:1,329,176: 36

)f reported car-lot shipments of
d mixed vegetables; also includes
ilifornia products as follows:
Included in market news statistics

Los, and for California, Youngber-
icy Ball Honey Dew, Casaba, and


__Ji_1931!







14.


Trends in Motor-truck Movomnont of Loading fruits uxmd Vegetables
as Lndicated by Unloads in 4 Citt o, 1930-ln34


The motor truck care into general use in marketing fruits and vegetables
during the decade following the World War. By 1925, large quantities of certain
products were being trucked to market from producing areas near large markets,
particularly where roads had been improved. By 1930, the reported truck re-
ceipts of 17 fruits and vegetables in 4 markets (Boston, New York, Columbus,
and Los Axigelos) amounted to 21 percent of the total domestic unloads of those
commodities in t:ie 11 cities (table 12). Since the reported truck receipts are
incomplete and since various miscellaneous vegetables are trucked in rolativoly
greater quantities than the 17 considered in table 12. it scornms probable that
approximately one-fourth of the fruits and vegetables arriving in the 4 markets
in 1930 came by truck. While the proportion received by trick in 'heso 4 cities
may not be entirely representative of the country as a whole, it is fairly
. indicative of the trend in volume mar-eted by truck.

The trend in reported truck receipts of the 17 products from 1930 to
1934 in the 4 cities shows an increase frorm 21 percent of the receipts in 1930
to 31 percent in 1934. (Table 12.) In. 1931, the proportion was 22 percent;
in 1932 it was 27 percent; in 19j3 it had increased to 2g percent; and in 1934
to 31 percent. It will be noted that the greatest increase in the use of the
truck was in 1932.

The volume of reported truck receipts of the 17 cornodities in the 4
cities increased from the equivalent of approximately 49,000 cars in 1930 to
about 64,000 cars in 1934. During the same period, domestic receipts of the
same co.nmodities by rail and boat in these cities declined from about 179,000
cars in 1930 to about 143,000 cars in 1934.

The trends in proportion of these products.received by truck during
the period vary somewhat when each city is considered separately. The same
is true when each commodity is considered separately. in iost instances,
however, the upward trend through the period is apparent.

The percentages representing trick receipts by conncjditios in 1933 and
1934, as shown in table 12, do not chzodk exactly with percentages shipped by
truck as shown in table 11. This would be expected because of the variation
in proximity of producing districts of different crops to the 4 cities include&
in table 12; also because the reported truck receipts are incomplete rand further
the 4 cities do not represent accu.ratcly conditions in the entire country.






15.


Table 12. Proportion of unloads of 17 domestic fruits and vogotablos received
by motor truck as reported in 4 cities, 1930-34


APPLES CABBAGE

Year and city : Bail : : : Per- :: Bail : : PeFor-
: and :Reportod: : cent-:: and :Rcported: : cent-
Sboat : truck : Total:age by:: boat : truck : Total:age b7
__:unloads: unloads: : truck::unloads: unloads: : truci


1&, 1.9J
K51'






193


p.


Boston
New York
Columbus
Jwq Angeles
Total, 4 cities

L
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles


p Total, 4 cities
1932
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities

1933
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities


Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles


Cars :
*

1,252:
: 10,561:
563:
164.011:
:16,387:
**


S







S




S


Total, 4 cities :


Cars :


Cars :


S
1,613: 2,965:
2,793:13,354:
50: 613:
1991 42210:
4,655:2-1,042:
6


Per-
cent

56
21
8

22


: Ca7


:: 1,
:: 14,1

4.:

:: 6,c


*s : Cars : Cars : Per-
: : : cent
.
56: 532: 1,688: 32
i43: 1,927: 6,470: 30
02: 43: 345: 12
14: 1.191: 1,205: 3-

151 3.693! 9.708: 38


I* S U *
1,769: 1,56s: 3,337: 47 1,398: 509: 1,907: 27
S11,409: 2,300:13,709: 17 5,727: 1,771: 7,498: 24
S 351: 96: 447: 21 262: 69: 331: 21
: 3,649: 266: 3,915: 7 :: 11: 1,099: 1,280: g6
17,178 4,230:21, 409 20 7.568 3,448 11,016: 31
*5 6 U
2,036: 1,561: 3,597: 43 :: 977: 659: 1,636: 40
9,709: 3,059:12,768: 24 4:: ,369: 3,522: 7,891: 45
218: 78: 296: 26 :: 199: 116: 315: 37
3,548: 430: 3,978: 11 :: 14: 1,314:1,32g: 99
15,511: 5,.28:20,639! 25 5,559 5,61111,170 50
** U U S
927: 1,733: 2,660: 65 1.107: 594: 1,701: 35
69509! 4,179:10,688: 39 :: 3,939: 2,216: 6,154: 36
]'11 133: 321: 41 : 211: 68: 279: 24
3,404 D-00: 3,.454: 12 :: 46: 1,221: 1,267: 96
10o,67S: 6,445:17,123: 38 5,302: 4,099 9.4oV 44
_____ ___ S __ __ __ U
-.* : :
1,158: 1,897: 3,055: 62 1:: 209: 716: 1,925: 37
5,559: 4,412: 9,971: 44 :: 3,98S: 2,366: 6,354: 37
194: 115: 309: 37 :: 263: 132: 395: 33
2,736: 534: -3,270: 16 :: 40: ,532: 1,572: 97
9,647: 6,958:16,605: 42 5,500: 4,746:10,246: 46


M*.

'F
".14,


1.
3


)


0





16.


Table 12. Proportion of unloads of 17 domestic fruits and vegetables received by
motor truck as reported in 4 cities, 1930-34 Continued.

CANTATUPS /1 CELERY
*
Year and city Bail : :Per- Bail: : :Por-
and :Reported: : cent-.:: and :Reported: : cent-.,
boat : truck : Total :age by:: boat : truck : Total:age by
:unloads: unloads: : truck: :-unloads: unloads: : truck;


1930
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total. 4 cities
1931
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities
1932 :
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities
1933
Boston
New York
Columbus.
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities
1934
Boston
New' York
Columbus
Los Angeles


Cars :


2,007:
8, 921:
259:
48n:


Cars : CarB :
U

: 2,007:
403: 9,324:
.49: 308:
2.070: 2.S99:


Per-:
cent ::

0
4::
16 :
81 :


Care : Cars :


*
373:
2.553:
33:
2.764:


945:
.4.469:V
274:
7q:


Cars :


1,318:
7,022:
307:
2. s43:


Per-F
cent,


2g.
36
11
q7


11, 67: 2,522:..l4,19: : 5.767 : 5,71 0:50
S .5 5 5 5
S *5 0 ~ @55
1,960: 2: 1,96Q: ---:: 819: 388: 1,207: 32
s.662: 829: 9.491: 9 : 4,069: 741: 4,M:0: 15
254: ,o0: 334: 213:: 2 41: W1
380: 2,269: 2,6r9: g6 :6:S: 2,469: 2,555: 97
11,256: 3,1 :0114,436 22 5.217: 3,626: 8,43: 41
S S U 55 *S 5 *
1,823: 4: 1,827: --- 925: 346: 1,171: 30.
6,976: 1,305: 8,281: 16 :: 3,90G: 1,095: 5,003: 22
147: 50: 197: 25 : 191: 29: 220: 13
168: 2,351: 2,519: 93 6: 2,001: 2,957: 98
9,114: 3,71:12.824: 29 4.9S: 4,271:-9.02 :46
_____ ______ S__ S_ S*_____ 5 5 5 U ______ __
* 5 0 5* S ^ rr r *^*^ ^"^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
1.550: 20: 1,57o: 1 : 21: 418:.1,239: 34
:%336: 1,120: 6,456: 17 3,636: 931: 41567: 20
: : 94: 176: 53 14:: 5: 24: 169: 14
65: 2,205: 2.270: 97 :: .43: 2.983: 3.026: 99

79033 3943910,472: 33 4.645: 4356 99001 49g


: 1,.23:
: 5,20$:
: 76:
: 84:


124:
1,051:
112:
2.2"7:


1,547:
6,259:
188:
2. 321:


890:
3.790:
7141:
71:.


663:
1,224:
21:
3. 2 8:


1,553:
5,014:
162:
.IqQ9:


Total, 4 cities :
S


6,791:


3,524:10,315:
e


34


5.036.


/I Includes Honey Ball, Honey Dew, Cas.aba, Persian, and mixed melons.

/2 Probably includes some celery greens.


___---hi


4,892:


9.932;









17.


STable 12. Proportion of unloads of 17 doiiestic fruits and vegetables received by
motor truck as reported in 4 cities, 1930-34 Continued


GRAPEFRUIT : GRAPES
*'i: 9
Year and city Rail : Per- Rail : : Per-
I and Reported: : cent-:: and :Reported: : centt-
Sboat : truck : Total:age by: boat : truck : Total:ageby
iu: "unloads: unloads: : truck:.unloads: unloads: :truck
aill rs: Cars : Cars : Per-: Cars Cars : Cars: Per-
l : :" : cent : : cent
1930 : : :
BostQn : 1,013: : 1,013: 0 : 4,426: 18t 4,444: -
i New York 3,420: : 3,420: 0 : 16,404: 207:16,611: 1
9 Columbus : 164: : l6): 0 : 200: 13: 213: 6
Los Angeles 120: 606: 726: 83 : 90 2,079: 2,169: 96
Total, 4 cities 4,717 606 5.323 ii :11 21,120 2,317:23,.437: 10
To al, .1 : .2 .:
!1931 : :: : : :


.B os ton
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities
1932
Boston
New York
; .Columbus
Los" Angeles
Total, 4 cities
1933
Boston
N-eW York-
Columbbus
Los Angeles:
: Total, 4 cities

1934
Boston
New York
Coluabiius
Los Angeles

Total, 4 cities


: ,4(u: 15: 1,4-5: 1 : ) ,4 ( : O J f:,u(:
5.,315 : 5,315: 0 :: 11,324: 205:11,529: 2
269: : 269: 0 : 126: 15: 141: 11
: 159: 1,003: 1,162: Fg6 :: 56: 1,455: 1,511: 96
7,213: 1,016: 8,229: 12 : 14,778 1,710:16,488; 10
__ __ '_ : :_ :_ : _______
979: 24: 1,003: 2 :: 3,266: 72: 3,338: 2
4,305: : 4,305: 0 :: 12,522: 188:12,770: 1
179: : 179: 0 :: 120: 17: 137: 12
20: 1.011: 1.,031l: 9 : 65: 1,898: 1,963: 97
5.483: 1,035: 6,51S: 16 : 16,033: 2,175:18,20S: 12
S: : 9 *
9 S*
1,28g4: 9: 1,293: 1 :: 2,153: 64: 2,217: 3
5,872:- : 5,72: 0 :: 7,440: 332: 7,772: 4
164: : 1614: 0 :: 89: 10: 99: 10
S 28: 941: l 69: 97 :: 16: 1,380: 1,396: 99
:.7, 34 S50: S,199 10 9,698s 1,786:11,484: 16
SS .. :: 9
* 9 9 9* 9
9* 9 9


857:' 4: 861: --- :: 2,226: 74: 2,300: 3
5,289: 2: 5,291: --- :: 7,854: 352: 8,206: 4
141: 6: 147: 4 :: 96: 7: 103: 7
76: 1,163: 1,239: 94 :: 16: 1.848: 1.864: 99
6,363: 1,175: 79538: 16 10,192: 2,231:12,473: 18







189


Table 12. Proportion of unloads of 17 domestic fruits and vegetables received by
motor truck as reported in 4 cities, 1930-34 Continued


LETTUCE :ONIONS

Yonr and city Rail: : : Pr- Rail: : Per-
and :Reported: : cent-: and :Reported: : cot-
boat : truck : Total:ago by: boat : truck : Total:age by
:unloads: unloads:: truck: :unloads: unloads: : truck


1930
Boston
Now York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 14 cities
1931
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles


Total, 4 cities

Boston
Now York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities
5
Boston
Now York
Columbus
Los Angolos
Total, 4 cities

Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities


Cars :
* S
* *
* S
2,066:
9,849:
407:
1.212:


Cars : Cars
*a
*S
*U
1,041: 3,107
2,241:12,090
13: 420:
3S.0QO: U-2i2~


Per-
cent


Cars :
*
S
2,061:
6,088:
254:
o6:6


Cars :


69:
1,748:
12:
66q:


Cars :


2,130:
7,836:
266:
1.27;:


-l ... -- |- -n .. .. J m^,- i-- -
13,534" 6,295:19,29" 32 9.009: 2,498'l1,507: 22
*
.* 0
1,942: 1,054: 2,996: 35 19847: 83: 1930: 4
8,771: 1,214: 9,985: 12 6,471: 1,519: 7,990: 19
363: 18: 381: 5 145: 31: 176: 18
835: 3.415: 4.250: 80 :: 862: 565: 1.427: 40
11,911: 5,701:17,612: 32 9,325: 2,196:11.523 19
S S US U *
U S 0 0* U *
1,924: 1,067: 2,991: 36 1,799: 170: 1,969: 9
8,019: 1,603: 9,622: 17 4,916: 1,626: 6,542: 25
373: 18: 391: 5 138: 26: 1641: 16
296: 4,070: 4,366: 93 : 399: 709: 1.10oS: 64
:1o 2 ::: 51 '~:2
10.612: 6,758:17i370: 39 7,252; 2,531 9.793 26
U S *S U
1,772: 874: 2,646: 33 1,755: 221: 1,979: 11
7,529: 1,924: 9,453: 20 5,064: 2,085: 7,149: 29
342: 18: 360: 5 138: 29: 167: 17
107: 4.453: 4,560: 98 :: 633: 649: 1,22: 51
9,750: 79269:17,019: 43 7,590: 2.98710,577 28
U S &U S S

1,97: 723: 2,620: 28 1,408: 443: 1,.851: 24
6,831: 2,003: 8,834: 23 44894: 2,337: 6,21: 34
32S: 21: 349: 6 148: 25: 173: 14
102: 4654: 4,756: 98 :: 4SS: S92: 1. SO: 6s

9,158; 7,401:16,559; 45 6:: 528 3697:10.225 36
S* 5 3 36


193E


1932


1931







19.


..Table 12, Proportion of unlo.ds of 17 domestic fruits and vegetables received by
i motor truck as reported in 4 cities, 1930-34 Continued
.* .
III "
: ORANGES AJTD TAM:G IfES :: P2ACIiZS


Yoar and city


1 ,1!.
1.. 930
Boston
New York
Cblumbus
Los Angeles
total, 4
1931
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles


cities


Total, 4 cities


Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities
1933
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities

1934
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Anigeles
Total, 4 cities


Rail: : : or-:: Rail : : : Pcr-
and :Reported: : cent-:: and :Reported: : cent-
boat : truck : Total:ago by:: boat : truck : Total:ago by
:unloads: unloads: : truck: :unloads: unloads: ; truck
SCars Cars : Cars : Per- Cars : Cars : Cp.rs : Per-
: cent:: : cent
** *
3,95: : 3,952: 0 : 07: 737: 44.: 4
12,590: :12,590: 0 :: 3,S61: 660: 4,521: 15
432:: 432: 0 274: 17: 291: 6
203: 2,233: 2,436: 92 :: 657: 1,.i45: 1,g02: 64
17,177: 2,233:19,410: 12 : 5,599. 1,S59: 7,459: 25
C C
5,651: : 5,651: 0 :: 1,474: 1l: 1,492: 1
1g,868: :l8,g68: 0 :: 5,524: 1,33: 7,357: 25
581: : 581: 0 :: 276: 50: 326: 15
99: 3,s06: 3,905: 97:: 669: 1,446: 2,115: 6g
25,199: 3,g06:29,005: 13 7,943: 3,347:11.290: 30
C C ** C

: 5,552: : 5,552: 0 :: 771: 120: g90 13
17,555: :17,555: 0 :: 2,2q4: 1,>. 4:-.-.' 46
521: : 521: 0 :: 17.9: 7.2 2-,: 28
: 43: 3,752: 3,795: 99 :: 233: 1,517. 1,7T0: 87
23,671 3,752:27,423: 114 3,477 3,699: 7,176: 52
__ C C
C
5,936: : 5,936: 0 :: 722: 111I: 833: 13
19,623: :19.623: 0 :: 3,057: 1,540: 4,597: 34
529: 1: 530: :: 205: 16: 221: 7
: 16: 3,273: 3,289: 100 :: 172: 1,005: 1,177: 85
26,104' 3,274:29,378: 11 4,156: 2,672: 6,92S: 39
II 1: ':c-7): 6 :2

S5,'08: : 5,708: 0 :: 79: : 798: 0
19,192: 4:19,196: --:: 3,442: 373: 3,15: 10
502: 4: 506: 1 :: 163: 23: 196: 12
10: 3,19: 3,S29: 100 :: 315: 1,260: 1,575: 90
25,412: 3,927:29,239: 13 :: 4,718: 1,656: 6,374: 26
*: : *








20.

Table 12. Proportion of unloads of 17 domestic fruits and vegetables received, by
motor truck as reported in 4 cities, 1930-34 Continued


PWARS


:: PLUMS AmD FRESH PRUIES
I .
U.*


: Rail : : : : Pr- :: Rail:
: and ':Roported: : cent-:: and :
: boat : truck : Total:ago by:: boat
:unloads: unloads: I : truck:_-cnloada:
: Cars : Cars : Cars : Pcr- :: Oars :


: cent ::


1930
Boston
Now York
Columbus
Los Angeles


6,113:
S37:
417:


91:
334:
s:
420:


S1l:
6,452:
"95:
I.uio5:


*Su
*SS
.69
' .


S

24:
1,76s:
31:
54;


*
Reported:
truck :
unloads:


: Per-
: cent-
Total:ago by
i truck


Cars : Cars :
5
S
i 0
2 284:
4: 1,772:
2: 33:
2shs St*~


0
6
sit


1931


193


193j


1931


Totral, 4 citic3

Boston
NoW Yor'.:
Colubus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities

Boston
NWw York
Co .uinbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities
5
Boston
Now York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities

Boston
Now York
Columbr.s
Los Antclos
Total, 4 cities


7, i.SI S,73S S 9 :
7 290 2 427S
7,92: 91 : 9.73 9 2,131

707: 50: 757: 7 :: 226: : 226: 0
5,557: 222: 5,779: 4 1,671: 5: 1,676: -

4i1: 504: 995: 51 ::_ 42: 267: 309: s6
6,7CO 799:. 7,579: 10 1,955: 277: 2g232: 12

620: .67: 67: 10 : 262: 2: 26: 1
4.6 3o 7v. 7 10 "
4.935: 3`3: 53,Ol: 1,770: 3o: 1,S06: 2
39: :O: :49: 20 9: 6: 15: 4O
__ lo. _407: 695:59 :_ 4b6: 32-: 36q: 99
5,5g2: 7: .449' 13 2,O7:. 367: 2,454: 15
___*__ *____________*__________*_____ 22


: S
620: .: 6: 1 ::: 26: 2: a~: 1



4:01: 75: 476: 16 19: : 1: 197: 1
: 3,29: 3O: 3,772: 13 :: 1,377: 72: 1,460: 5
27: 6: -33: l :: 10: 4: 14: 29
3: 316 : 662: 48j : 23: 209: 236: 90
S,7: '46 1o" :: 194: 19: 1A97 1 9













4,o66 S77 4,943 I : 1,617 2s6: 1.903: 15
I __ ___ l O i __


525:
3,3U3:
17:
277:


1. ,2031


45:
396:
15:


9714


971:
3,779:
32:
7q5:


5,177;


10 :
47 ::

1559
19 .


225:
1,318:
13:
214:


1,450:


S

54:
4:
29O:


225: 0
1,242: 4
17: 24
304: 92


33S: 1,7.:-0



19


Year and. city


- w-. ^ -







S


STable 12. Proportion of -unloads of 17 domestic fruits and vegetables received by
motor truck as reported in 4 cities, 1930-34 Continued


S.POTATOES STRAWBERRIES

Year and city Bail Per- Bail: : Pe
and :Reported: : cent-:: and :Reported: ce
Sboat truck : Total:age by:: boat : truck : Total:age
-ll i- fIngda w iYilnn fl *iml AnIi- ey nAA tnn rfi !


,1930
Boston
New York
Columbus
S Los Angeles
Total, 4 c3
1931


193


Lties


Bo s ton
Now York
Columbus
Los Angeles '
Total, 4 cities

Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angolos
Total, 4 cities
3
Boston
Now York
Col 'ibus
Los Angoles


Totai, 4 cities
1934
Boston
NOw Yoft

Lou Ageloos
Total, 4 cities


Cars:
S S
7,760:
21,823:
1,675:
6.509:

37,767:


*
7,101:
19,501:
1,551:
6.U2q:


Cars :


Cars a


S
130: 7L890:
3.286:25,109:
45: 1,720:
1.5954: 8103:
5,055 ^2, 8


99: 7,200:
4,579:2,,oso080:
So: 1.637:
l.$70. g.BQQ"


Per-
oent

2
13
3
20
12


Cars :
*

703:
1,365:
119:
75:
2,262:


lg6g:
146:
gq-


Cars :
*

173:
676:
10:
623:
is.6g2
*
160:
609:
27:
,628:


Oars : Per-
: cent

876: 20
2,0041: 33
129: 8
898: 92.
3, 9.44: 43

988: 16
2,477: 25
173: 16
717: 88


34,592: 6.634:41.216: 16 2,931 1,424. 4,355: 33
* S__ S_____ S_ ^ __________* __
*5 S S
7.796: 220: 8,016: 3 871: 270: 19,141: 24
17,03o5: 5,668:22,706: 25 1,496: 1,080: 2,576: 42
1,217: 129: 1.346: 10 130: 51: 1S1"; 2
5.8R7: 1,577: 7,74: 21 219: 82: ,1,046: 79
319148: 7,594:39,542: 19 2,716: 2922S: 4,944: 45
S S S *S .
: 7,535: 359: 7,994: 5 969: 286: 1.255: 23
is 18.S49: 4,176:23,025: 1S 1,504: 1,385: 2,8C9: 49
1,1427: 100: 1,527: 7 :: 134: 39: 173: 23
: 6.34S: 1.769: 8.117: 22 :: 206: 791: 997: 79
39.159: 6.404:40o6.53: 6 2. ,13: 2,501: 5.314: 47
..

7,606: to1: 8,087; 6 736: 316: 1,052; 30
19336: 41,922:23925S: 31 1.113: l295: 23411: 54
i,50: 115: 1,965: 6 : 91: 36: 127: 2SS
: 6.007: 2.662: 8. 669: 31 -1_9: 774: 963: 0SO
33.799: .10041,979:. 19 2,129' 2,424' 4,553' 53


r-
nt-
by
mllr1


Ii


*


E


I1-






22.

Tablo 12. Proportion of unloads of i7 domobtic hruits and vogotablos received by
motor truck as reported in 4 eitios, 1930-314 Continued
S.
SWEETIOTATOES :: OMTOES

Year and city Bail : : : Per- : Rail : : : Pcr-
and :Roportod: : cent-:: and :Roportod: : cant-
boat : truck : Total:;go by:: boat : truck : Total:ego by
:lunloads: muloadsl : truck: zunloads: unload;s: : tmck,


O1930
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angelep
Total; 4'cities
1931
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los .Angeles


Total, 4 cities

Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total,. 4 cities

Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities
I,
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities


9

793:
1,570:
328:
30 i:


aore
U

,I S:
1.14i8
4Si


Cars :


793:
2,718:
328:
7qq:


Per-
cent


Cars :


1, 66g:
6,369:
107:
4in


Pare


581:
2,26S:
121:
2.710!


Cars


2,249:
8,635:
228:
2.7rI1


Pa.-
cent

26
26
53
qq


" -- *- _" -, r *" ~' ... .- .- -. yT--"- ^ __
2,.96: 1,598: 4.594: 35 8,185: 5,67s:13,63:. 4la
* 9 9. 9 5 9
879: 2 F79: 0 1.579: 376: 1,955: 19
1,121: 1,647: 2,768: 60 5,260: 1,917: 7,177: 27
297: : 297: 0 110: 114: 224: 51
205: 625: 830: 75 ::43: 2.755: 2.79q8:95
29502: 2,272: 4.,774: 49 0 ,.99: 5.16212,1 :
2,2: 'hI* *. 6,se 5ib: 4 112
9 9 9
919: 1: 920: 1,686: 653: 29339: 29
754: 2.201: 2,955: 74 : 5,249: 2,652: 7,901: 34
251: 9: 260: 3 :: 71: 14: 219: 68
199: 515: 714: 72 11: 3. 4: 3,360: .9
: 2,123: 2,7261 4,849: 56 7:: 024: 6,7S. 19: 9
_______ ___7,o~.,75'13,819:9

722: 7: 729: 1 1,761: 471: 2,23: 21
557: 2,209: 2,766: 80 :4,'21: 2,193: 7,014: 31
239: 6: 2145: 2 7: 136: 2 4: 4i
1l9: 444: 593: 75 :: 19: 2.914: 2.13: 99
1.667: 2.~66: !,333 62 6s679: 5,69u:3373:
9 99 9* 6


S
598:
398:
240:
49is


1,2$1


20:
2.140:
10:
63q:


618:
2.535:
250:
6g44:


1.862:
4,311:
S0:
3q:


966:
2.e491:
12s:
-1.601:


2.809: 4,090:. 69
9


2.828E:
6, 802:
208:
3.610:


7,1S 6: 13,479


193;


193:


1931


6,292:









23.

Table 12. Proportion of unloads of 17 domestic fruits and vegetables received by
motor truck as reported in 4 cities, 1930-34 Continued


Year
Year
I,


WATERMELONS


and city


1930
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities
1931
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities
1932
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities
1933
Boston
New York
Columbus
Los Angeles
Total, 4 cities
1934
Boston
New York
SColAmbus
Los Angeles


I Total, 4 cities


Rail :
and :Reported:


: boat :
:unloads:
: Cars :

**
724:
3,650:
414:
2.140:


truck :
unloads:
Cars :
*
*

20:
9:
616:


:: SUMMAY (17 commodities)


; Per- ::
: cent-::
Total:age by::


Cars :
'*

724:
3,670:
423:
2.79i6:


Rail
and
boat


:Report-:
: ed.:
: truck


truck: :unloads :iu ad8s:


Per-
cant


* *
*. 1
*5 *
::12
::
:: ]


: Per-
: cent-
Total :ege by
: trucl


Cars : Cars : Cars :
S S
S
.
2,447: 4 61: 37065:
3,369: 20.266:143,635:
5,890: 425: 6,315:
.7.487: 22.g53: 40.140:


Per-
cent


12
14
7
57


6,928: 645: 7,573: 9 ::179,193: 4,q162:227.355" 21
** S ** S
S 692: : 692: 0 33,614: 4,355: 37,969: 11
3,620: 20: 3,640: 1 ::124,76g: 19,411:144.,179: 13
338: 14: 352: 4 5,333: 646: 5,979: 11
1.964: 763: 2.727: 28 16,239: 25.205: 41,444: 61
6,614: 797 7.411: 11 179,954: 49,617:229,571: 22

647: : 647: 0 32,753: 5,236: 37,9089: 14
2,7S5: 43: 2,S2g: 2 ::108,360: 26,453:134,813: 20
1S4: 17: 201: S 4.:: ,166: 774: 4,940: 16
1,629: 572: 2.201: 26 13.138: 27,416: 140,1311: 6g
5,245: 632: 5,77: 11 158,417: 59,S79:21S,296: 27
C *S S

S60: : 60: 0 :: 30,471: 5,246: 35,697: 15
2,633: 88: 2,721: 3 ::101,049: 24,930:125,976: 20
S 221: 21: 242: 9 4,229: 705: 4,934: 14
1.145: 643: 1.7SS 36 :: 12.416: 25,476: 37,892: 67
4,859 7 52 5611: 13 ::148.164: 56,357:204,521: 2g
"* C, S 55 5~ J s .^ .. ^^ ~ -r
* S S .5 5
74: 748: 0 29s.875: 6,472: 36,347: 18
29133: 5 2,186: 2 596,49: 259478:121.977: 21
175: 51: 226: 23 4:,51: 825: 5,343: 15
1: I.414: 1,2gg: 2,713: 4 11.933: 30.8.40: 42.773: 72
S4.470: 1.403: 5,873: 24 :142, V825: 63,615:206,1440: 31
S.


*55


a'


Iolnumbus truck receipt figures are from reports by C. W. Hauck, Ohio State University
and Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station in cooperation with Division of Markets,
..Ohio State Department of Agriculture.








Distances of Motor-truck Movement Indicated by Origin
of Truck Raceipts in 4 marketss, 1933


The distance which fruits and vegetables are moved to market by motor
truck is a matter of interest in studying this method of marketing. Definite
information on average distance of truck hauls is not available but the truck
receipts in a number of cities are reported through the market news service by
State of origin and in a few instances by district of origin.

Truck receipts from relatively nearby sources in 1933 are shown for 4
cities in table 13. Tfhis tabulation includes truck receipts at farmers' markets
as well as at wholesale and Jobbing markets. In Boston, 94 percent of tho truck
receipts wore from nearby points, mostly within a radius of 50 to 75 miles of
the city. Of the truck receipts at New York City, 81 percent were from New York
State, New Jersey, and Connecticut. The greater part of the receipts from New
York State were from Long Island and the Hudson River Valley. Fifty-seven per-
cent of the Atlanta truck receipts were from Georgia and 99 percent of the Lon
Angeles receipts were from California. About two-thirds of the Los Angeles
truck receipts are classed as local and originate in the nearby counties within
a radius of 50 or 60 miles.
**1
For the 4 cities, 89 percent of the truck receipts wore from sources which
were mostly within a radius of 125 miles of the market.

When distance trucked is considered separately for each commodity, the
differences are attributable to the location of important producing districts
with respect to the markets as well as to the adaptability of the commodity to
trucking. In the 4 cities, only 59 percent of the strawberry truck receipts
and 72 percent of the cantaloupes were from relatively nearby sources. For many
other commodities, over 90 percent of the motor-truck receipts were from nearby
sources.

Although a large part of the motor-truck movement originates within a
radius of 125 miles of the markets, there is a considerable volume which moves
much greater distances. Some truck shipments move 1,000 miles or more. In
1933, the reported truck receipts in New York City were equivalent to 45,451
cars, of which 908 cars or 2 percent cane from North Caroliiza, about 500 miles
distant. These North Carolina truck receipts consisted mostly of mich product s
as strawberries, peaches, beans, poppers, and blackberries. I





25.

ble 13. Distances ofmotor-truck movement indicated by origin of-tttuc.rase&ptB'
in 4 markets, 1933

Boston : New York : Atlanta : Los Angeles:
: : Truck :
S Truck :receipts from: Truck : Truck : Total, /2
Commodity : receipts : New York :receipts from:receipts from 4 cities
: classed as : Conn., Long : Georgia : California :
: "nearby" /1 :Island, N.J.: .:
S : Per- :Per- : : Per- : Par- : FPer-
S : cent-: : cent-: : cent-: : cent-: : cent-
:Volume:age of:Vol'tme:ago of:Voltmo:ago of:Volume:ago of:Volumc:age of
:total: : total: : total: : total: : total


T7S

plos.
San, snap &
lima
.S
ets
lackberries /.:
obage
taloups /.
rrots
uliflower
glery
erries
01n, green
anberries
cumbers
gp ant
rapefruit
!rapes
demons
lettuce
ri ons
I eges .
aches
ears
APeas, green
peppers
lZ s Li
tatoes


toe
tabagas /2
mach
nlah
strawberries
setpotatoese
toes
termelons
scellaneous


Cars :
*
1,671:
160:
562:
543:

582:

912:
274:
415:

691:
245:
342:
37:
*

872:
224:

42:
73:
22:
287:

321:
37:
924:
26S:

402:

1.703:


btal & &verage:11,509:


Per-
cent
~9o'
97

93
100

98
9S:

100
98
99

100
100
91
93


100
100

38
97
92
97
89 :
93
96
94

85

91 :


Cars :

3,137:
790:

1,892:
603:
228:
2,042:
163:
812:
1,282:
931:
101:
1,475:
35:
510:
207:

276:

1,885:
1,969:

914:
476:
255:
831:
71:
4,013:
297:
2,139:
433:
1,294:
1i,62s:
30:
6.027:


94 :36,746:


Por-
cent
75
90

75 :
9 :
71 :
2:
15 :
99 :
100 :
100
100
97
36
57
97

S3
83

98
94

59
99
89
92
99 :
96 :
99 :
96 :
31 :
59 :
714 :
34:
go:
gi r
91


Cars :

300:


240:
20:
5:
250:
205:
33:


206:

21:
20:

3:
*



6:

1014:
19:
5:
26:

146:
119:
20:
15:
396:
78:
205:
500:
2,842:


Per- : Cars :
cent :
78 : 358:
407:

54 : 1,212:
57 : 657:
100 : 73:
50 : 1216:
100 : 2 199:
67 2 162:
: 1 378:
2 981:
S170:
SO : 1,165:

68 : 338:
56 : 145:
655:
21 : 1,380:
578:
4,427:
7: 629:
: 3.273:
100 : 1,005:
100 : 315:
45 : 1,260:
59: 284:
209:
48 : 1,761:
92: 737:
44 : 1,263:
16 : 791:
84: 442:
32: 2,9 2:
100 : 642:
87 3,478:
57 :40,482


Per-
ce ont
90
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
98
100

100
100
78
100
100
99
97
100
100
100
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100


: Cars :

5,466:
1,357:
3, 906:
1 823:
306:
: 4,090:
: 2,567:
: 3,919:
: 2,934:
: 4,327:
271:
3,537:
S280:
: 1,211:
409:
S655:
: 1,659:
: 578:
7,184:
2,828:
3.273:
: 2,065:
883:
1,542:
1,1428:
280:
6,1141:
1,190:
4,246:
1,507:
2,132:
5,000:
: 877:
:11,708:


99 ;91,579'


Per-
cent
82
94


82
99
74
90
72
99
100
99
98
97
82
74
94
55
93
100
99
93
85
75
99
97
93
99
96
98
96
59
68
86
94
87


SReceipts classed as "nearby" wore mostly from within a radius of 50-75 miles of
Boston.
SThe majority of these receipts were from sources within 125 miles of the markets.
Blackberries includesdewberries and loganberries; cantaloups includes miscellaneous
melons; oragegb Lnasli stnerinoa; plums includesfresh prunes; and rutabagas
includes turnips.







26.


Motor-truck Movement by Honths and onamodities as
Indicated by Receipts in 7 Markets, 1934


The period in the year when fruit and vegetable truck movement is largest
is from June to October. Truck receipts of 26 fruits and vegetables from Juno
to October inclusive in 7 important markets in 193z4 amounted to 61 percent of
the year's total truck receipts. (Su2n.nry, table 14.) Tlho month of greatest -
volume of movement was August with 14.6 percent of the year's total followed by
July with 13.3 percent. The month of smallest volumeno of movamca.t wLas February
with 3.4 percent.

There is a groat variation in 4he time of truck rovcer.t of different
commodities. The truck movement to market of Such comnodities as apples, cab-
bage, and potatoes is much more even through the season than is that of other
commodities as asparagus, peaches, and grapes which have a relatively short
marketing season.

For apples, the percentage of the 193h truck r3coipts in 7 markets fell
below 5 percent in o-'.ly on: month, that is, Juno, while tho months of. heaviest
movement were September and October with 14.9 percent and 14.F Tirccnt respect-
ively.

Ovcr 90 percent of the year's truck receipts of nsparagus in the 7 mar-
kets was from March to June inclusive. The May "recipto were 35.8 percent of
the year's total.

When a comparison is rm.de anong the markets, as to proportion of truck
receipts arriving each month, considerable variations are apparent. Those vari-
ations arc due mostly to differences in time of harvesting in diffjre-- regions.










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