Florida's production of agricultural perishables in relation to the development of air freight

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Florida's production of agricultural perishables in relation to the development of air freight
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United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
Hoecker, Raymond William, 1913-
Brittin, Lewis Hotchkiss, 1877-
Hoecker, R. W ( Raymond William ), 1913-
Brittin, L. H ( Lewis Hotchkiss ), b. 1877
Edward S. Evans Transportation Research
Edward S. Evans Transportation Research (Firm)
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s.n. ( Washington, D.C. )

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FLORIDA'S PRODUCTION


S. OF AGRICULTURAL PERISHABLES

SIN RELATION TO THE

DEVELOPMENT OF AIR FREIGHT











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Florida's Production
of Agricultural Perishables
in Relation to the
Development of Air Freight







A Survey by the
Bureau of Agricultural Economics
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
and the
EDWARD S. EVANS TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH













WASHINGTON, D. C.
AUGUST 1945





























This survey has been compiled by Dr. R. W. Hoecker, Agricul-
tural Economist, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, United States
Department of Agriculture, and Col. L. H. Brittin, Director of
the Edward S. Evans Transportation Research.

Acknowledgment is due Dr. C.V.Noble, Agricultural Economist
and Head of the Department of Agricultural Economics, and Mr.
A. H. Spurlock, Associate Agricultural Economist, Agricultural
Experiment Stations, College of Agriculture, University of Florida,
for their valued assistance in assembling the basic data and
collaborating in the preparation of the manuscript.



































Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2012 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries with support from LYRASIS and the Sloan Foundation


http :,' 'archive.org'details'floridasprodLuctiOOunit













FOREWORD


The development of Florida agriculture, particularly its citrus and
winter vegetable crops, has followed the growth of effective and efficient
methods of transportation to the large consuming centers. The Florida
citrus industry development was slow when it was necessary to transport
fruit to slow-moving, unrefrigerated boats at Florida ports by oxcart over
sandy roads. Its gain in momentum has been closely correlated with the
building of our railroads and our public highways and with the increase
in speed by rail, boat, and motortruck, together with the greatly improved
preservative methods used in transit, such as refrigeration, better pack-
aging and handling. This has been equally true in the commercial
development of winter vegetables and other highly perishable commodities.
A new transportation era is dawning. Air-borne freight is expected
to be a practical reality after the war. To some extent, this type of
transportation may compete directly with present methods. It is believed,
however, that air-freight transportation will play a much greater role in the
development of highly perishable subtropical and tropical crops, as well as
of floricultural commodities, which do not now move in large volume by
existing modes of transport. Such crops as the avocado, mango, papaya,
lychee, loquat, sapodilla, white sapote, and carambola may lend themselves
well to this method of transportation and may greatly increase in volume.
The gladiolus, small succulent plants for potting, and many other flori-
culture and horticulture specialties are subject, also, to healthy develop-
ment when this quicker method of transportation becomes available.
Every encouragement should be given to pioneers in this field of freight
transportation by everyone who is interested in the agricultural de-
velopment of Florida.
The following report on the potential in Florida's agricultural
perishables available for transportation has been prepared to encourage
pioneering in quicker methods of transportation and thus stimulate the
agricultural development of the State as well as better serve consumers of
these products in the North.


V Director


[5 1




~1



























CONTENTS
PAGE
INTRODUCTION . 9
VEGETABLE PRODUCTION . .. 11
CITRUS FRUITS . 13
FRUITS, GLADIOLUS, AND SUCCULENTS PRODUCTION .. .14
MISCELLANEOUS SUBTROPICAL FRUIT PRODUCTION .. .16
TOTAL FRUIT AND VEGETABLE PRODUCTION .. .16
PATTERN FOR AIR-FREIGHT OPERATIONS .. ... 17
CONCLUSIONS ... ... .. 21





















[7]




















FLORIDA'S PRODUCTION OF AGRICULTURAL PERISHABLES IN
RELATION TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF AIR FREIGHT


Introduction

A very substantial part of the winter and spring supply of fruits and
vegetables for the northeastern United States originates in Florida.
Normally this is transported by rail, truck, and boat. Before the war
affected transportation, about 3 days were required to transport fruits
and vegetables by refrigerator car or truck from Miami to New York City.
If, in the future, air transportation is used, only about 8 hours
would be needed for this transport. The commodities could be harvested
in the morning, precooled and packed in the afternoon, transported to
New York City overnight, and sold in retail stores the next day-only
24 hours after harvesting.
Important factors in the successful movement of agricultural
perishables by air freight are the supply of products, their areas of produc-
tion, and their seasonality of production. Other factors, such as relative
net costs of air shipment and competing transportation, the price of the
commodity relative to its weight and volume, and the extent of the
increase in the demand for the products that will be caused by air trans-
portation, also are important in determining the quantity of agricultural
commodities which may move as air cargo.
Costs of transportation and consumer reaction evidently should be
analyzed on a commodity basis. This has been done for strawberries and
tomatoes transported from Florida to Detroit, and for lettuce from
California to Detroit.2
'Bureau of Agricultural Economics and Edward S. 'Bureau of Agricultural Economics and Edward S.
Evans Transportation Research, Postwar Air Trans- Evans Transportation Research, Post-War Air-Trans-
portation of Fresh Strawberries and Tomatoes from port Costs and Markets for Lettuce, July 1944.
Florida to Detroit, Michigan, March 1944.


[9]











Research on strawberries, tomatoes, and lettuce has indicated that
air transport offers shippers of many perishables certain economies
partially or wholly offsetting the higher cost of transportation. Substantial
savings could be made by the use of lighter containers, exclusion of ice,
and the elimination of some packing costs. The estimated differential in
transportation cost of air-borne strawberries and surface-borne straw-
berries from Florida to Detroit could be reduced by 1 cent per quart, or
from 6/2 cents to 5S1 cents per quart, by using in the air-borne cargoes
lighter containers than the standard wooden crates now in use. The
estimated transportation cost differential between air-borne and surface-
borne tomatoes of about 6 cents per pound could be practically offset by
savings in ripening costs and packaging for vine-ripened tomatoes shipped
by air. The estimated cost differential in transporting lettuce from
California to Detroit which is 62 cents per pound could be reduced to
about 3Y4 cents per pound by savings which could be obtained by using
lighter packages, less waste through quick transport, and by packaging
the lettuce in the field instead of in packing sheds.
Conclusions drawn from these previous studies are that even with
the lowest ton-mile costs which are likely to prevail for some time and
with utmost economies in handling, most air-transported produce must be
sold at premium prices. In order to compete successfully with surface-
borne produce the air-borne produce must be of superior quality. Appar-
ently substantial quantities of air-borne strawberries would sell readily
for 5Y2 cents per quart higher than surface-transported strawberries
during the months when the retail price is 35 cents or more per quart.
Almost all of or even substantially more than the tomatoes now moving
by surface carriers probably would move by air if vine-ripened, air-borne
tomatoes could be sold at retail at the same price as surface-borne green-
packed tomatoes. Lettuce from California has been transported by plane
and placed on sale in Detroit at a price differential of 5 cents per head in
competition with surface-borne lettuce, with all factors in the sale of the
lettuce held constant except the price. About an equal quantity of
air-borne lettuce at the higher price as surface-borne lettuce at the
lower price was sold.
The detailed analyses of the air transportation of strawberries,
tomatoes, and lettuce suggest an effective approach to the study of the
air transportation of most other agricultural perishables. These studies
demonstrate that although air-transportation costs probably will be higher


[101











than surface-transportation costs, there are often offsetting economies in
shipping produce by air and an offsetting factor in the superior quality of
the air-borne produce which makes it salable to consumers at a higher
price.
This report presents statistics on the seasonal production of fruits
and vegetables in Florida and shows how air operations might fit into the
production pattern. It suggests potential supply of agricultural perishables
from Florida if demand arises. Relatively little critical analysis has been
made of the likelihood of any single commodity being transported by air.
A study was not made of the changes in production and harvesting
practices which might be necessary to produce perishables especially
suitable for air transportation. For example, Florida tomato growers
indicate that there would be considerable difficulty in producing vine-
ripened fruit unless the plants were staked. At present this is not prac-
ticed in many of the commercial production areas.
The 1942-43 seasonal production of fruits, vegetables, and other
perishables is shown for Florida by counties in table 9 (page 31). The
tabulations shown for shipments are for only one season, 1942-43, and
the variation in volume and in the month of shipment is considerable
from season to season, dependent upon weather conditions and other
circumstances. Frequently there is a variation of 2 to 4 weeks in the
commercial shipping season of a particular commodity.

Vegetable Production

Florida shipped about 650,000 tons of 30 different kinds of veg-
etables during the 1942-43 season. The seasonal production of vegetables
in Florida is shown in table 1. Small quantities of snap beans, cucumbers,
squash, peppers, and lima beans are harvested as early as October. The
harvesting season for vegetables extends from October through July.
Many vegetables that are grown and shipped by rail from Florida
would not be suitable for air transportation. Commodities such as water-
melons, field peas, squash, mustard, turnips, and onions probably will not
move by air, except for first early shipments, unless air-freight rates are
lowered to about the level of rail-freight rates. At present, first shipments
usually move by rail-express and extend the product's marketing season
by this early), arrival on the markets. Air shipments may further advance
the season by 2 or 3 days.


[11]
















TABLE 1.-Seasonal production of vegetables, Florida, 1942-43'

YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST Per
Item ____...__ _____.________.__-- ..... ..- ....... cubic
foot
Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Total
Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Lb.
Cabbage ....... ... ... ..... 55 4,512 12,489 14,122 32,173 16,652 3,818 329 ..... 84,150 26.1
Celery................... 8,769 18,607 24,044 31,163 24,999 23,899 2,759 .... 134,240 ....
Cucumbers ... : ....... ... 1,746 1,518 555 178 ...... 21 1,970 5,155 89 ..... 11,232 38.6
Cantaloups......... ... .. ..... ..... ...... ...... ...... ...... .. ... ...... 780 .. 780 32 7
Eggplant.............. ... 82 349 311 593 955 751 1433 1,685 2,099 207 8,465 26.5
Irish potatoes....... ... ... ..... ...... 2,479 11,112 9,706 14,594 7,019 35,960 17,292 13 98,175 48.2
English peas........ ... .. .. ... ..... 194 777 250 114 26 4 .... ... 1.365 ...
Peppers.... ..... ... ... 85 1,520 2,644 2,873 2,598 1.697 2,629 4,675 2,031 173 20,925 20.1
Strawberries ....... ... ..... 123 490 932 558 609 96 .. 2,808 38 6
Tomatoes.......... ... ... 13 3,375 6,571 6,131 9,547 5,119 5,371 30,179 2,530 68,836 43 4
W atermelons ........ .. .. ..... ... .. .. ... 138 3,478 38,546 6,848 49,010 ....
Lima beans.......... .. 57 365 360 294 300 54 721 1,177 232 ... 3,560 25.7
Snap beans......... .. 2,597 17,773 19,761 16,236 10,569 3,445 22,067 25,303 2,085 .... 119,836 24.1
All lettuce .. ... .... 568 2,796 3,166 1,563 3,866 649 55 ... .... 12,663 23.9
Escarole...... ... ..... 539 2,260 1,984 1,095 1,501 1,565 445 .... ..... 9,389 19 3
Sweet corn .. .. .. .. .... 682 .. .... .. .... ..... 1,264 3,787 .... 5,733 28.1
Field peas... .... 255 ... ... ...... .... .... ...... 17 286 792 1,350 ...
Okra ........... .. .... .... ..... 447 854 1,301 ...
Squash.. ......... .. .... 312 344 101 397 495 1.012 1,285 431 ...... ..... 4.377 .. .
Beets.......... .. .. ... .... .... .. 129 130 66 ..... ...... .... 325 23 9 (a)
41 8 (b)
Chinese cabbage.... .. .. ...... .... ... 91 119 90 .... ..... 300 ...
M ustard...... .... ... .. .... 92 52 40 4 40 ...... 122 .. .. 350 ....
Turnips...... ..... ... .... .. 339 284 417 65 489 ...... 156 .. .. 1,750 23 5(a)
43.4(b)
Onions............. ... ... .... .. 24 62 64 50 50 ........ 250 43 0 (c)
18.0(d)
Broccoli......... .... .... 55 .... ...... 130 ...... ...... .. .. ..... 185 ....
Cauliflower ...... ...... 81 42 247 ..... .. .. .... 370 19.8
Collards ........... ......... 64 130 162 64 .. ....... ..420 ....
Radishes .... ...... ... .... ..... 376 500 500 624 500 ...... .. ..... .. 2,500 ...
Spinach......... .. ..... ...... 29 106 107 60 .. ..... ... 302 14.5
Carrots ........... ... ... ...... .. ..... 1,453 71 405 71 2,000 25.6(a)
40.2 (b)
Total........ 255 ... 4,892 27,895 52,437 76,520 77,635 99,215 87,474 138,821 73,770 8,033 646,947 ....

'For the purpose of this tabulation cantaloups, strawberries, and watermelons are included.
(a) Bunched. (b) Without tops. (c) Dry. (d) Green, bunched.


!












Commodities such as tomatoes, strawberries, sweet corn, lima
beans, spinach, lettuce, cauliflower, and English peas will probably prove
to be among the most profitable vegetables which can be shipped by air
freight. Research has shown that tomatoes, strawberries, and lettuce
probably will be profitable when so shipped. Bulky fresh staple products
that can be processed or concentrated in the producing area may move in
relatively large quantities even at relatively high air-freight costs. Prod-
ucts in this category are peas and lima beans shelled before shipment and
spinach and cauliflower cleaned, washed, and packed ready to cook.
Sweet corn is highly perishable and can seldom be transported very far
from the producing area under ordinary transport conditions. But it is a
likely product for air transportation; in addition sweet corn is produced
at the beginning and at the end of the Florida season for shipping perish-
ables. Thus it would extend the time of air operations. All in all, a
large tonnage of vegetables probably would be available for air shipment
in the months of November to June, inclusive.

Citrus Fruits
Florida's production of citrus fruits is many times larger than its
production of vegetables and other fruits. Some citrus fruits are harvested
in Florida during all months of the year, the greatest quantities coming
in December, January, February, March, and April. The seasonal
production of citrus fruits in Florida is shown in table 2.
Citrus fruits are being transported successfully by rail and little
benefit would be secured from the more rapid air transportation. It is
possible that a relatively small proportion of the crop could be moved by
air by the shipment of fresh juice extracted and concentrated in the
producing area. Orange, tangerine, and lime juice is highly perishable


TABLE 2.-Seasonal production of citrus fruits, Florida, 1942-43
YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST
Item
Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Total
Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons
Oranges......... 563 34 20.447 137,686 199,924 180.101 216.481 311.005 280.697 216.700 99.404 10.950 1,673,992
Grapefruit........ .. 57 2 31,144 67.090 140,568 261.143 190.494 167.801 126.259 82.106 23,942 1,396 1.092,002
Tangerines ........ .11.035 57,829 48.407 37.684 12,088 838 117 ..... .. 167,998
Limes................ 1.059 706 280 149 316 281 230 142 56 474 1,174 1.538 6,405
Total .......... 1.679 742 51.871 215.960 398,637 489.932 444.889 491.016 407.850 209.3(0? 124.520 13.884 2.940.397


[ 13 1













when not processed and would benefit by rapid transportation. By
concentrating the fruit into the juice the economic significance of the
difference between rail rates and air rates would be lessened. Members
of the Texas Citrus and Vegetable Growers and Shippers are considering
the installation, near airports, of processing and chilling plants to extract
the juice from oranges and possibly from grapefruit for shipment by air
transport. The juice in paper containers might move overnight to
northern metropolitan centers for doorstep delivery, possibly in conjunc-
tion with milk deliveries.

Fruits, Gladiolus, and Succulents Production

The total tonnage of gladiolus, succulents, and fruits (other than
citrus and strawberries) has been relatively small. However, much of
this tonnage is harvested during the months when the vegetable crops
are not being harvested. Seasonal production of fruits, gladiolus, and
succulents is shown in table 3. Most of the products listed probably
will move successfully by air. At present, one of the limiting factors in
the production of these products for marketing is the lack of rapid trans-
portation. Production of many of them will presumably be increased
when shipment by plane is available.
Many other flowers are produced and shipped from Florida but
the statistics are not available. If air-freight service at relatively low

TABLE 3.-Seasonal production of fruits, gladiolus, and succulents, Florida, 1942-43

YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST Per
Item cubic
Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. NMar. Apr. May June July Total foot
Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Lb.
Avocados.. 1.. 11 123 192 2b2 302 190 93 44 ..... .. ... 56 1,373 24.0
Blueberries .... 14 ... 54 82 150 .. ..
Figs 39 61 100 31.4
Grapes 93 .... 43 314 450 38.6
Guavas ...... ..81 42 17 ... ........ 23 163 ..
M angoes 50 8 ... ... ". 42 100 200 ....
Papayas.......... 17 15 14 11 7 7 7 7 8 13 22 22 150 ...
Peaches............... .... 475 790 319 1,584 38.6
Pears............ 1,730 246 ... ..... .. .. ... ...... 499 2,475 39.4
Persimmons ...... 5 22 38 10 ..... ...... 75 ..
Pineapples........ 5 2 2 6 9 11 15 i34 2i 105 29.1
Gladiolus......... 104 424 1,430 1,557 1,370 1,386 963 93 .. 7,327 ....
Succulents........ 99 97 116 78 56 74 66 90 85 74 85 64 984 .....
Total ... 2,205 553 481 785 1,797 1,830 1,542 1,536 1,067 670 1,109 1,561 15,136 .....

'For the purpose of this tabulation cantaloups, strawberries and melons are not included.

[14]












rates is established in the postwar period, a tremendous increase in the
flower business of Florida may materialize. Some expensive flowers, such
as orchids, carnations, and lilies, have moved at the present high air-
express rates.
Some of the flowers which may be among the first to move in
quantity by air are chrysanthemums, asters, gladioli, camellias, orchids,
roses, carnations, and gardenias. Many of these flowers can be grown
in the open in Florida whereas in the northern competitive regions most
of them must be grown under glass. The lower production costs and
generally superior quality of the flowers may put Florida growers in a
favorable competitive position in relation to northern and eastern green-
houses. Flowers are bulky and relatively light, but with a cargo of
flowers it is possible to reach the weight limit of a DC-3 plane before the
cubic space available for loading is used entirely. This indicates that
density is not a very important factor in connection with the air transport
of such products.
The eastern flower market, compared with existing Florida and
California markets, is very much undersupplied. Flower purchases per
capital in the Northeast are substantially below per capital purchases in
the Florida and California areas, due at least partly to differences in
prices. The northern market probably can be expanded greatly with
supplies originating in Florida and California, although this probably
would have to be induced by a reduction in prices.
The so-called succulents in table 3 include a variety of small
green plants and ferns. These are usually shipped in very small size to
retail stores throughout the United States. Most of them are potted
before being retailed. The list of plants included in the succulents
classification is:
Aloe-agave (century plant) Cacti
Chinese evergreen Crown of thorns (Euphorbia
Dieffenbachia splendens)
Dracena Pothos
Nepthytis Crotons
Philodendron Rubber plants (Ficus elastica)
Cryptanthus Air plant leaves
Syngonium Ferns
Peperomia Azaleas in bloom
Pandanus Fancy leaf caladiums
Sansevieria Saint paulia (African violet)
Ardesia Phoenix roebelenii
Crassula Aspidistra
Self branching and miniature ivy


[ 15 ]












One of the leading producers in Florida of succulent plants believes
many shipments of this type will move by air. He states that most ship-
ments of succulents go to wholesale growers, although Florida growers
have started supplying retail florists, and they receive frequent requests
for rush shipments as retailers have no facilities for carrying a stock.
He further says that the production of plants is increasing in Florida so
that a larger variety can be supplied to northern markets at times when
stock is in demand.
Miscellaneous Subtropical Fruit Production
In addition to the subtropical fruits shown in table 3, other fruits
which are potential air cargo and which many think probably will increase
considerably in importance as fruit crops for Florida are:
Lychee -Season, June 15 to July 15
Loquat -Season, January to April
Sapodilla -Season, April to August
White sapote-Season, May to September
Carambola -Season, practically all year
No quantitative data are available for these fruits. With the
exception of loquats, they have been shipped to northern markets in
limited quantities. Plantings are being increased and these fruits may
be more plentiful in future years. The loquat probably cannot be shipped
successfully in volume to northern markets except by airplane and this
is one reason why it has not been planted in commercial quantities. It
can be grown readily and will undoubtedly be grown more extensively if
markets can be reached.
The crops mentioned in this section and in table 3 are in the
category of commodities which, although not produced in great tonnage,
probably will lend themselves better to air transportation than the bulk
of the staple vegetables and citrus fruits. If air-freight rates continue
at current levels, these may be the only products that can be moved
profitably by air. Tonnage of these commodities is relatively small but
in many instances if they can be successfully moved to market, substantial
increases in production may occur.
Total Fruit and Vegetable Production
The total tonnage of fruits and vegetables harvested in Florida
in 1942-43 is shown in table 4. About 15 percent of the total production
is produced in each of the months of January, February, March, and


[161












April. Only a relatively small quantity of fruits and vegetables is
harvested during July, August, September, and October. The greatest
seasonality occurs in the harvesting of citrus fruits, the least in the
harvesting of other fruits and miscellaneous plants. Fortunately, some
of the products which will probably be the first to move by air have the
least seasonality in their production. The seasonal production information
contained in table 4 is shown graphically in figures 1, 2, and 3.


TABLE 4.-Seasonal production of fruits and vegetables, Florida, 1942-43

YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST
Item------------------------------
Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Total
Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons
Vegetables............ 255 ..... 4.892 27.895 52.437 76.520 77.635 99.215 87.474 138,821 73.770 8.033 646.947
Citrus .............. 1.680 742 51.871 215.959 398.636 489,931 444,889 491.036 407.850 299,398 124.520 13,884 2,940.396
Other fruits and
miscellaneous ...... 2,205 553 481 785 1.797 1.830 1.542 1.536 1.067 670 1.109 1.561 15,136
Total ......... 4.140 1,295 57.244 244.639 452.870 568.281 524.066 591.787 496.391 438.889 199,399 23.478 3,602.479
Percentage of total.... .1 (1) 1.6 6.8 12.6 15.8 14.5 16.4 13.8 12.2 5.5 .7 100.0
'Less than 0.05 percent.


Pattern for Air-Freight Operations
Fruits and vegetables are produced in all counties in Florida in
various degrees of intensity. In the initial stages of air transportation it
probably will be necessary that the fruits and vegetables to be shipped by
air be concentrated near large existing air fields. For the most economical
operation it is highly desirable that the concentration points be located
in the center of intensive producing areas and in areas where the seasonal
production of the commodities allows the maximum amount of tonnage.
The proper location of the air-freight concentration centers would mini-
mize the expense of truck transportation and would make possible the
most expeditious handling of the product from the field to the plane.
An analysis of Florida's agricultural production shows that among
the best locations for concentration points would be Miami and Plant
City. These are not necessarily the only desirable air-freight concentra-
tion points but they are used in this analysis as examples of desirable ones.
Within a radius of 75 miles of Miami and of Plant City, nearly all
kinds of the fruits and vegetables produced in Florida are harvested in
quantity. Seasonal production of all fruits and vegetables in these two


[17]




4


SEASONAL PRODUCTION OF VEGETABLES, FLORIDA,1942-43
(BY MONTHS IN PERCENT OF YEAR'S TOTAL)
BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
EDWARDS EVANS TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH
AUG OCT. DEC FEB APR JUNE
PERCENT BEETS
~BEETS

25 325 TONS
0
75 BROCCOLI
50 1- 5 TONS ---
25

0
50 -________BEANS (LIMA)_________________
25 350TN

50 ~-_BEANS(SNAP)
25 119,036 TONS

50 CABB AGE _
25 04.150 TONS

25 300 TONS
0
5O CABBAGE ( CHINESE ) --


1005 CANTALOUPES
75 70 780 TONS
50
25
0
75 CARROTS __ __
50 2.000 TONS
25
0
75 _CAULIFLOWER
50 370 TONS
25
0
50 CELERY
25 _134.240 TONS
50
50 COLLARDS____________ -______________________
25 420 TONS
O 4
75 CORN(SWEET)
50 .5,?33 TONS
25

50 --CUCUMBERS---
25' 11,232 TONS
0
50 ___________EGG PLANT_____________ ____

50 .ESCAROLE_____ ______________
*25 9,389 TONS --
AUG. OCT. DEC. FEB. APR. JUNE
*LESS THAN 0.5 OF ONE PERCENT
FIGURE 1



S18]


















SEASONAL PRODUCTION OF VEGETABLES, FLORIDA,1942-43
( BY MONTHS IN PERCENT OF YEAR'S TOTAL)
BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
EDWARO S EVANS TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH
AUG OCT DEC. FEB. APR. JUNE
r'-- LETTUCE (ALL)-
12.663 TONS1


MUSTARD
350 TONS


___ ___ ___ __ ___ ___ __ OKRA _____________
1,301 TONS



ONIONS


PEAS (ENGLISH 1


-_________________P E A S ( F IE L D )____________ -
-------------- 2,55 TONS --------------------^

1,365 TONS





PEPPERS
20,925 TONS


PERCENT

25
0
50
25
0
75
50
25
0
50
25
0
75
50
25
0
75
50
25
0
50
25
0
50
25
0
50
25
0
50
25
0
50
25
0
50
25
0
50
25
0
50
25
0
75
50
25
0


RADISHES
2,500 TONS i

SPINACH
302 TONS

SQUASH
4.377 TONS-

STRAWBERRIES
2,606 TONS

-TOMATOES
68.836 TONS m
I- __- -- -0U-


*LESS THAN 0.5 OF ONE PERCENT
FIGURE 2


[ 191


T


POTATOES ( IRISH 1
90,175 TONS






















PERCENT
t 25
0
50
5 25
0
P 50
g 25
0
50
25
t 0
50

25
0

50
25
0



75
50
25
0
50
S25
0



7O
S50
S25
5 0
5 25
o 0
S50
S25
00
50



,5O
25
0

50
25
0
50
25
0
50
25
0
50
25
0
50
25
'0





[20]


SEASONAL PRODUCTION OF FRUITS, GLADIOLI,AND
SUCCULENTS, FLORIDA, 1942-43
(BY MONTHS,IN PERCENT OF YEAR'S TOTAL)
BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
EDWARO S EVANS TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH
AUG OCT. DEC. FEB. APR. JUNE
__ GRAPEFRUIT -
1.092,002 T0ONS

-_____________________L IM E S ___________
E 0 6.405 TONS


~ ORANGES
1673,992 TONS

TANGERINES
167.998 TONS -

AVOCADOS
p-1,373 TONS

BLUEBERRIES --i







-_______________________ISOGTOS ____________________________
150 TONS


________FIGS I ______

150 TONS E-




G RAPEAPAS E
-- 450 TONS
J L 163 TONS
MANGOES
200 TONS

PAPAYAS _
150 TONS
PEACHES
1,584 TONS

PEARS
2.475) TONS


E lm._ *PERSIMMONS
75 TONS


F PINEAPPLES

_10GLADIOLI 1 TONS
~GLADOILI
7.327 TONS

- SUCCULENTS
904 TONS --

AUG. OCT. DEC. FEB. APR. JUNE
*LeSS TNA.As of O ERC PEREF
FIGURE 3











areas is at a minimum. However, the production of many individual
crops is as seasonal as in other parts of Florida. The estimated tonnages
harvested during the 1942-43 season within a 50-mile radius of Miami
and Plant City are shown in tables 5 and 7. The possibilities of larger
volumes by drawing on production within a 75-mile radius are shown in
tables 6 and 8. The areas are shown graphically in figure 4.
Some perishables are harvested in the Miami and Plant City areas
during the entire year but the quantity probably will not be sufficient to?
furnish as much pay load as desirable from June to November, inclusive.
During a part of these months an additional tonnage of perishables might
be secured by stopping at least once on each flight at some concentration
point located farther north. For example, planes operating from Miami
could stop at Fort Myers and load semitropical products grown on Pine
Island. Planes operating from Plant City could stop either at Jacksonville
or Atlanta, Ga., and pick up additional tonnage. A stop at either of
these cities may be especially advantageous during the months of May
and June when quantities of sweet corn, tomatoes, peaches, and lima
beans may be available within a 50-mile radius of Jacksonville or Atlanta.
Conclusions
Production of fruits and vegetables in Florida is seasonal. In the
1942-43 season about 85 percent of the total tonnage was harvested during
December to May, inclusive. However, the tonnage of perishables
harvested during the remaining 6 months is of such a character that a
substantial portion of it might be moved by air.
Production of perishable agricultural products in Florida is par-
ticularly small during July, August, September, and October when less
than 3 percent of the total tonnage is harvested. The lowest operating
costs for an air-freight line probably would be obtained through adjusting
operations during the period of a seasonal low supply of agricultural
perishables by:
(1) Haul northward other perishable commodities such as sea food
from Florida or the Caribbean Sea area.
(2) Reduce the number of flights so that as nearly as possible a
full load may be hauled northward; this reduction would be
governed partly by trade demands and partly by the quantity
and nature of the south-bound load.
(3) Encourage production of perishables that are harvested and
sold during the season of usual short supply.


[21]











TABLE 5.-Seasonal production of fruits and vegetables, vicinity Miami, Fla., (estimated production within 50-mile radius
of Miami), 1942-43


YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST
Item -------------_ -_-------------------------------_--------_ '

Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Total


Beans, lima.......
Beans, snap......
Beets............
Broccoli.........
Cabbage.........
Cabbage, Chinese..
Carrots..........
Cauliflower.......
Celery ...........
Collards .........
Cucumbers.......
Sweet corn.......
Egg plant ........
Escarole.........
All lettuce........
Mustard.........
Okra ............
Onions, green.....
Peppers.,.......
Irish potatoes....
Field peas.........
Radishes .........
Spinach ..........
Squash ...........
Strawberries.......
Tomatoes........
Turnips ..........
English peas......

Total.......

Citrus fruit:
Grapefruit......
Limes.........
Oranges........
Tangerines......

Total.........


wUaneous:
Dcados ... ....
avas.........
Lngoes........
payas ........
eapple ......


Tons
1,029





.........49


. 49






17


Tons
4
6,418

101

3

i02






69i

'"is
6
4
623


Tons
117
9,339

379

2
6
49
,. 16
19



1,884

'"is
20
221
16
5,035


Tons
189
6,448
35
405
11

10
13


419
56



1,607
7,790
1i9
20
277
30
8,639


Tons
11
1,779
35
63
1,139
14
174

6


402
1i87


864
13,421
i5
11
387
11
4,139


Tons
3
354
18

101
11
11


122
692





2,160
209


221
17
1,758


Tons
36




'"44
................................44

86
45
419


.35

1,072




953
953


Tons Tons










32 ......


23 .....






174




174 m ......


I1,369 7,967 17,118 25,968 22,658 5,677 2,(


671
242
156


482
202
1,179
98


483
109
1,551
62


389
34
1,643
31


1,401 601 1,069 955 1.511 1,806 1,961 2,205 2,097


44


7 on$
324
25,403
88
63
2,125
36
240

i~so
15

408
136
1,980
262

58

8,312
21,420


Tons


Tons


Tons


563
563


I ....... [ I


I


I


I


I I I






TABLE 6.-Seasonal production of fruits and.vegetables, vicinity Miami, Fla., (estimated production within 75-mife radius
of Miami), 1942-43

YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST
Item __________________________
Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Total
Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons
Beans, lima...... ...... ..... 57 365 294 274 280 50 448 448 4 ...... 2,220
Beans, snap....... ..... ..... 2,315 15,901 18,234 15,729 10,145 3,384 18,467 18,257 147 ...... 102,579
Beets.................... ...... ..... ....... ........... 41 42 21 ....... 104
Broccoli ......... ..... ..... ..... .. .. ..... .. ... .. .......... 119 ........ ..... ...... 119
Cabbage ......... ..... .................. 634 2,454 4,817 11,791 8,144 1,485 .. ...... 29,325
Cabbage, Chinese. ..... .. .............. .... ...... 35 45 34 .. 114
Carrots ......... .. ..... ... .. .... .... ....... .. .... ..... .. 494 I I 44 11 ... 560
Cauliflower ....... .. .. ...... ..... .. 3 2 10 .15
Celery.. ............ .... ...... .......... 2,065 7,142 6,629 9,705 6,607 4,723 ".. .... 36,871
Collards... ... .... ..... .... 23 46 23 ... ..... 92
Cucumbers....... .... ..... ...... ... 127 233 73 ...... .... 228 155 ... .... 816
Sweet corn....... .. ... ... ...... 682 .... ...... 386 774 1. ,842
Eggplant .............. .......... .... 72 304 707 570 1,028 875 825 4,381
Escarole ....... ...... .... .... 41 49 82 425 711 311 ...... 1,619
All lettuce ...... ..... ..... .... ....... ....... 153 459 1,531 ... .... ...... .. ....... .2,143
M ustard.......... .... .... .... .... ....... .. 1 19 4 25 ....... ....... ...... ...... 49
Okra ..... ...................................... ........ ....... ....... ....... 44 29 ...... 73
Onions, green ....... ... .... ...... ......... ......... 5 12 13 10 10 ...... ...... 50
Peppers............................ 85 1,133 2,360 2,458 1,647 2,568 1,991 51 ...... 12.293
Irish potatoes......... .................... 2,386 7,476 7,930 13,667 209 2,211 141 ...... 34,020
Field peas......... .. ........... .......... ....... ....... ....... ............. 17 27 23 67
Radishes.......... ..... ..... ...... 199 265 265 331 265 ........ ....... ... ..... I 325
Spinach............. .... ................ 9 31 31 17 ....... ....... ...... ...... 88
Squash........... ..... ..... ...... ....... ....... ... 369 461 645 368 .............. ...... 1,843
Strawberries............ ..... .... ....... 4 16 30 11 17 3 ...... ...... 81
Tomatoes......... .......... ...... ....... 623 5,282 8,850 4,421 1,828 988 ...... ...... 21,992
Turnips.... ................... 263 22 305 65 413 ...... ........ ....... ..... .1,068
English peas ...... ..... ..... ...... ........ 186 746 217 21 ......... ..... ...... ....... 1,170


Total .........

Citrus fruit:
Grapefruit......
Limes ..........
Oranges ....
Tangerines......
Total.........

Miscellaneous:
Avocados......
Guavas.........
S Mangoes........
o Papayas.......
Pineapples......
Gladiolus.......
Succulents......
Total.........
Grand total...


.......... 2,372 17,622 26,205 43,077 43,640 49,324 40,699 31,948 2,009 23 256,919

..... ..... 676 524 748 1,136 1,113 871 606 424 335 1 6,434
838 601 242 137 304 210 202 108 34 468 786 747 4,677
563 ..... 159 435 1,131 1,284 1,541 2,030 2,103 2,021 1,967 477 13,711
..... ... ...... 122 455 420 303 124 39 ...... ...... .. ... 1,463
1,401 601 1,077 1,218 2,638 3,050 3,159 3,133 2,782 2,913 3,088 1,225 26,285

111 111 166 222 222 111 67 44 ....... ....... ...... 56 1,110
9 5 3 ....... .... ... ... ....... ....... ...... ....... ...... 3 20
19 4 ...... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... 15 38 76
9 9 8 6 4 4 4 4 5 8 11 11 83
4 ..... ....... ....... 2 2 5 8 9 13 29 18 90
.......... 57 117 192 250 243 343 246 ... ................ 1,448
39 48 58 29 17 27 26 31 32 41 39 31 418
191 177 292 374 437 394 345 430 292 62 94 157 3,245


1,592 778 3,741 19,214 29,280 46,521 47,144 52,887 43,773 34,923 5,191 1,405 286,449











TABLE 7.-Seasonal production of fruits and vegetables, Florida, vicinity Plant City, Fla., (estimated production within
50-mile radius of Plant City), 1942-43

YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST
Item
Item _______Nov. Dec. Jan. ____________Feb. Mar. Apr. May June ___Total
Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Total


Beans, lima ......
Beans, snap......
Beets............
Broccoli.........
Cabbage.........
Carrots ..........
Cauliflower.......
Collards .........
Corn, sweet......
Cucumbers........
Eggplant.........
Escarole ..........
Lettuce, all.......
Mustard..........
Okra.............
Onions, green......
Peppers...........
Potatoes, Irish.....
Peas, field.........
Radishes..........
Spinach...........
Squash ...........
Strawberries.......
Tomatoes........
Turnips..........
Watermelons ....
Celery...........

Total ........

Citrus fruit:
Grapefruit...
Limes.........
Oranges ........
Tangerines.....

Total........

Miscellaneous:
Avocados......
Guavas........
Grapes ........
Mangoes......
Papayas.......
Persimmons....
Gladiolus ......
Succulents .....

Total........

Grand total...


Tons
















i26


Tons


Tons








1,272
82




9





13


Tons
113

.55



454
82
165
72
7

"598

19

.83

1,i73
20


Tons
'' 395

.55

2,245
.56



101
874
1,353
26

465

.25

5
55
104
1,672
70

775


Tons
90


4,069
..29

26

40
616
2,637
11
7
160

25
20

S415
266
30

879


Toni
...90

30

1,977
1 i70
52

.55

243
285

17
20

31
20
762



966


Tons

30
1,713
246
27

79
379
285
8
18
8

.25

11
236
278

20

1,215


Tons
56
1,222
15
"834
16


S356
118
616
356

14
51
723


456
451
2,146

931


Tons
56
1,501

157
62

565
798
172
21

'"79

14
1,691
2,427


69
14,382

313
280


Tons
85



16


1,415
'853


67

738

128



1,37

1,589


Tons








"76






380


Tons
112
3,496
75
55
11,050
340
255
105
1,980
2,880
1,658
2,914
4,988
52
146
70
3,740
3,150
634
125
56
830
2,079
19,789
140
1,902
5,046


126 ..... 1,376 2,841 8,276 9,320 4,718 4,578 8,361 22,587 5,028 456 67,667

57 2 24,775 51,621 108,476 201,294 144,286 111,026 84,504 52,959 14,576 1,131 794,707
86 81 34 10 10 1 10 29 21 3 197 553 1,035
..... 34 10,338 60,337 81,780 76,955 97,709 155,943 145,955 120,909 62,706 5,892 818,558
.. .. .... ...... 4,075 20,196 18,357 17,963 6,240 1,019 77 ...... ...... 67,927

143 117 35,147 116,043 210,462 296,607 259,968 273,238 231,499 173,948 77,479 7,576 1,682,227

1 3 5 9 9 3 ....... ....... ....... ...... ........ 30
19 10 4 ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ...... 6 39
4 ............ ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ... 2 12 18
22 4 8
............... .. ... .. ... .. ....... .... ...... ... .. 38
4 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 6 6 38
2 4 7 2 ....... ....... ...........0............................. ..14
..... ..... 25 165 373 312 325 370 317 15 ...... ...... 1,902
11 6 8 3 3 11 4 2 6 13 10 9 86

41 24 50 178 387 334 334 374 325 31 20 37 2,135


36,S73


119,062


219,125


306,261


265,020


278,190


240,185 196,S66 82,S27


8,069


1,752,029














Cabbage, Chinese..
Beans, lima.......
Beans, snap......
Beets............
Broccoli..........
Cabbage..........
Carrots...........
Cauliflower........
Collards..........
Corn, sweet.......
Cucumbers........
Eggplant.........
Escarole..........
All lettuce........
Mustard..........
Okra............
Onions...........
Peppers..........
Potatoes, Irish.....
Peas, field.........
Radishes..........
Spinach..........
Squash..........
Strawberries.....
Tomatoes.........
Turnips..........
Watermelons......
Celery ........... *
Cantaloups.......

Total ........

Citrus fruit:
Grapefruit.....
Limes .........
Oranges.......
Tangerines.....

Total........

Miscellaneous:
Avocados......
Guavas........
S Grapes........
S Mangoes.......
S Papayas........
"" Persimmons....
Gladiolus......
Succulents.....
Pears ..........

Total ........


1i26


1,376
82




"62





1"3


..369

'"55


.... i8.2

82
82
539
568
14

1,043

1"69
.... iii


1,i73
38


.....844
'"55
3,375
""74




2,110
2,796
51

..934
93

225
16
73
109
1,672
131

'6,704


1i90


6,574
"'38
31

""40
1,823
2,863
21
9
337

225

58
436
350
56

11,465


1i90
59

3,909

224
63

'"55

963
418

22
71


281
59

1802


1i7,'415


j ans
11
82
2,267
30
2,919
60


636
118
851
446

18
54
1,581


488
474
2,242


16,930


3,734
.ii

1,634
241

819
2,378
172
134
22
79
18
1,884
5,605


'"73
16,341

2,172
17,348


Tons
'"8
323

329
60

2,049

883

.. 67

943
427
128



"799

9,103
2,393
98


Tons










1"35




1"4
13
380





239


Total

Tons
36
190
7,922
149
66
24,650
1,320
336
126
2,868
4,872
1,747
7,446
7,576
101
146
90
5,365
7,770
634
1,125
167
922
2,187
22,590
263
11,514
93,713
98


126 ..... 1,538 4,643 19,363 24,516 24,542 30,898 29,207 52,765 17,610 781 205,989

57 2 27,909 58,575 123,836 231,031 66,311 37,290 102,550 17,133 6,092 350 671,136
180 85 36 11 11 71 28 33 22 6 388 785 1,656
..... 34 19,060 118,697 161,395 141,359 174,649 260,942 235,330 178,949 82,593 10,280 1,383,288
..... ..... ...... 9,240 47,221 39,675 31,857 10,370 1,274 114 ...... ...... 139,751

237 121 47,005 186,523 332,463 412,136 272,845 308,635 339,176 196,202 89,073 11,415 2,195,831

5 12 19 36 36 12 ....... ...... ...... ...... .. ...... 120
23 12 5 ....... ....... ....... ....... ...... ...... ........ ... .. 7 47
43 ..... ...... ....... ........ ............. ............... .......... 21 152 216
2 .... ..... .... .. ..... .. ... .. ..... ..... ....... 2 4 8
5 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 3 7 7 41
1 7 11 2 ....... ....... ....... ...... ...... ...... ..... .. 21
..... 25 165 373 312 325 370 317 15 ............ 1,902
ii 6 8 3 3 11 4 2 6 13 10 9 86
35 5 ................................................................ .. 10 50

120 38 64 192 414 361 343 374 325 31 40 189 2,491


60

5,855
959
'"32

79
1,026
463
15
23
23
51
225
34
250
293
2 38

i21,458


48,607


191,358


352,240


437,013


Grand total... 483


297,730


339,907 368,708


248,998 106,723


12,385


2,404,311













































CONCENTRATION POINT





CONCENTRATION POINTS FOR AIR SHIPMENT OF
AGRICULTURAL PERISHABLES
BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
EDWARDS. EVANS TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH

SCALE
5 _0 g 25 0 75 Io MILES


hv:
,,'l aJ











In the initial development of air transportation of perishables, it is
highly desirable that the air-freight concentration points be located in
intensive fruit and vegetable producing areas as well as in areas where
the seasonal variation in production is at a minimum. An analysis of
Florida's agricultural production indicates Miami and Plant City as
examples of desirable air-freight concentration points. Practically all of
the fruits and vegetables produced in Florida are harvested in quantity
in the areas adjacent to these two concentration points. Some com-
modities are harvested in the Miami and Plant City areas during all
months of the year. The production in northern Florida and southern
Georgia complements the production in southern Florida, seasonal produc-
tion being lowest during the months of high production in the other areas,
and some tonnage is produced when production in southern Florida is
extremely low. Planes operating from points in southern Florida probably
could stop at Fort Myers or other points farther north while planes
operating from Plant City probably could stop at Jacksonville or Atlanta
during May, June, and July and add to their north-bound loads of
perishables.


[27] 1
















I


I





J



r
I
i

I
q
j
"I

I;





I
4

I


















APPENDIX

















6








TABLE 9.-Seasonal production of fruits and vegetables in Florida, 1942-43
ALACHUA COUNTY

YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST
Item ______-_-__-_-__-__-____-_-______

Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Total

Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons
Cabbage...... ............... .. .... .24 267 243 304 12 ............. ..... 850
Celery. ..... ........... .... ..... ... .... ...... ..... ...... ...... ...... ..... .... 995 468 ...... 1,463
C ucum bers............ ..... ..... ...... ........ .. ...... ...... 1,704 24 ... 1,728
Eggplant ....... ............ .. 52 52 ... .. .. ... ... ...... ... ...... 183 183 470
Irish potatoes............... .. .. ..... ... .... ...... ............ 2,943 2,157 ...... 5,100
English peas ................. .. ..... .... ..... ..... 16 62 17 2 ............. 97
Peppers.................. .. .... .. .. ... ... ..... .. .. .. .. ... 29 405 116 550
Tomatoes............ ......... .. ..... .... ...... .................... 112 323 ...... 435
Watermelons ........ .............. .... ... ............... ... 3,708 95 3,803
Lima beans ............... .................. ... ............ 49 921 598 ...... 1,568
Snap beans..... .... .. .. ... .. ........ ... 61 1, 149 746 ...... 1,956
All lettuce .................... .. ........ ... ...... 10 51 163 82 ...... ..... ... 306
Sweet corn, green ............ .. .. ..... ...... ......... ...... ..... ..... .... 312 780 ...... 1,092
Okra................ ............ ...... ..... .. ............ 48 113 ...... 161
Squash ...................... .. .. 60 37 ...... ...... ...... ...... 51 83 ...... ... 231
Spinach..................... .. .. .... ... 1 4 5 3 ...... ...... ...... ...... 13
Oranges....................... .. 3 208 638 667 549 215 176 175 49 1 2,681
Tangerines................... .. ...... 13 68 68 56 67 1 ...... ...... ..... 273
Figs ........................ .. .. ... ... ... ...... ... ..... ..... .... 1 1
Peaches. ..................... ......................................... .. 24 10 48
Pears ........................ ....................................................... 25 124
Persimmons.................... 1 1 .............................................................. 2

BAKER COUNTY

Irish potatoes ... ............................. .... .. .. ...... 173 127 ...... 300
Watermelons... .............. .. ...... ...... .... .. ... .. ... ... ... ... .... 103 3 106

BRADFORD COUNTY

Cabbage........................ .... ...... 12 134 121 152 6 ...... ...... ...... .. 425
Cucumbers................... .... ............. .. ...... .. .. ....... .... 379 5 ...... 384
Irish potatoes...... .......... .......... ... .. .......... ...... ...... ...... 433 317 ...... 750
Strawberries............. ..... .. .. ... .... ........... ..... 29 211 71 13 ...... ...... .324
Tomatoes.............. ..... .... .. ... ..... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...... 70 202 ...... 272
W atermelons................. .. .. ...... ..... ..... ... .... ..... ...... .. ..... ..... 206 5 211
Lima beans.................. .. .. ....... ..... ... ... .. ...... .. ... .10 198 128 ...... 336
Sweet corn, green............ .. ..... ..... ......... ... .... .. ..... ..... ...... .546 ...... 546
Field peas, green ............. 24 .. ..... ....... ..... ...... ..... .. ... ..... ...... .25 73 122
B eets................... ... .. .. .. .... .. ... ..... ...... 9 9 5 ...... ...... ...... 23
Snap beans................... .. .. 24 119 ...... ...... ... ....24 214 95 ...... 476
Pears ........................ 35 5 ........ .... ...... .... .............. ...... 10 50
Persimmons .................. 1 1 2 1 ...... ...... ............ ...... ............ .......... 5















TABLE 9.-Seasonal production of fruits and vegetables in Florida, 1942-43-Continued
BREVARD COUNTY

YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST
Item ----.----------------
Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Total
Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons
Tomatoes................... ...... 55 90 4 ..... ...... 23 102 ...... ...... 274
Oranges................... .... 14 1,493 6,046 7,011 6,577 6,465 6,686 4,754 282 5 39,333
Grapefruit................. .... 8 892 1,807 3,620 2,956 4,119 2,066 569 12 1 16,050
Tangerines.................... 114 767 442 225 96 5 ...... ...... 1,649
Lim es ....................... 7 4 ..2 1 .. .... ...... ...... .... ... .... 7 21
Avocados ................... .. 1 2 3 7 6 2 ...... ...... ...... ...... ..... 21
Guavas ..................... 12 6 2 ............................... ...... .......... 3 23
Mangoes.................. 1 ......... ...................... 1 2 4

BROWARD COUNTY

Cabbage..................... .. ............ 20 76 81 228 20 ................ .. 425
Cucumbers ..................... .. ...... 49 102 49 ...... 122 86 ............ 408
Eggplant ........................ ........ ..... 16 48 402 692 419 32 ...... 1,609
Irish potatoes ................. .. ... .......... .... .... 1,680 ...... ...... .. 1,680
Peppers.............................. I7 691 1,884 1,607 864 1,954 1,072 17 ...... 8,106
Tomatoes................. .. .. ............ 188 437 1,016 1,125 1,734 906 ...... ........ 5,406
Lima beans .............. ... .. ............ 3 78 126 7 2 ......... ... 216
Squash ................... .... ...... ..... ..... 101 127 178 101 .... ... ..... 507
Beets....................... ........ ... ... ..... 8 8 4 .................. .. 20
Turnips............ ......... .. .. ...... 175 .... ...... ........ ...... ...... .. 175
Broccoli.................... .. .... ..... ....... 41 ................. .. .... 41
Cauliflower........ .......... .... 13 2 0 ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... Is
Snap beans.............. ...... 1,029 6,357 7,477 3,453 1,617 294 36 ...... ...... 20,263
Oranges........................563 .. 18 63 181 437 481 709 972 1,113 1,252 476 6,265
Grapefruit ................. 3 10 57 78 92 116 110 124 81 ...... 671
Tangerines................... 6 41 61 28 11 ........... ............ 147
Papayas .............. ......1 ...... ... .. .... ..... ... ...... 1 1 6
Pineapples................ .. ........... ........... 1 1 1 1 2 1 7

CALHOUN COUNTY

Watermelons.................... ...... ...... ....... ...... ...... ...... 977 291 1,268
Figs... .............. ... ..... .... ...... ..... ...... ..... ...... .... 2 2 4
Peaches.................... .. .. ......... .................. ..... 29 47 19 9S










CHARLOTTE COUNTY

Peppers ..................... 1 60 94 22 9 6 2 ...... ...... ..... ... 194
Tom atoes ......... .......... ...... .... ... ... .. ... .0.... ... 307 ...... ...... 307
W term elons ................... ... ... ..... .... ...... .... 23 184 4 .... 211
M angoes..................... 2 .. ... ...... ...... ...... ...... ..... ... 2 4 8

CITRUS COUNTY

W aterm elons................. .. ...... ... .. ..... ..... ..... ..... ..... 16 398 8 422
Oranges ........ ............ .... 8 77 82 66 118 46 20 6 ...... 423
Grapefruit................... .. ...... ..... 4 10 7 8 1 ...... .. .... .. ... ...30
Tangerines................... .. 6 37 35 37 19 2 ...... ...... ........ 136
Grapes..................... 1 ... .. ........ .. ....... .. ... .. ... ...... .. ... 3 4

CLAY COUNTY

Irish potatoes................ .. .. ..... .... .. ... ...... .... 219 156 ..... 375
Mustard ...................... ... ... 26 ..... .... .. ..... .....27 .. 53
Watermelons................. .. .... .......... ...... ... 1 106
Pears ................. ....69 1....... .20 99
Persimmons.................. .. 1 2 .................................... ........ 4

COLLIER COUNTY

Cucumbers.................... .. .. ...... 83 165 83 ...... ...... 82 55 ...... ...... 468
Eggplant ................... .. ..... ...... ......... ...... ..... ..... ...... ...... 80 54 134
Peppers ...... .............. ........ ...... .... ... ... ... ............... .. 138 ...... ...... ...138
Tomatoes .................... .. ..... ........... 22 682 286 88 2,136 ...... ...... 3,214
Snap beans.................. .. .. .... ..... 1 22 36 2 1 ...... ...... ...... 62
W atermelons ............ .... .. 23 184 4 ...... 211
Guavas..................... 7 4 2 ..................... .. .. ... ...... ..... 2 15
M angoes.................... 7 1 ...... 6 14 28
Papayas..................... 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 20

COLUMBIA COUNTY

Watermelons .................. ...... ...... .... .. ..... .... ..... 156 55 211
Sweet corn, green............. ............ ......... 136 ..... 136
I 6 9
Grapes...................... .. .............i 24 16 48
Peaches ..................... .. ..... ..... ..... 14 24 10 48
Pears................. ....... 52 7 ..... .. .. ... 15 74













TABLE 9.-Seasonal production of fruits and vegetables in Florida, 1942-43-Continued
DADE COUNTY

YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST
Item
Item ______ ____________ _____________________ ______ ______________ ______ _______________
Aug. Sep t. No. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. May June July Total

Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons
Cabbage ................ .. .. .. 81 303 324 91 81 ... ... .. ...... 1,700
Eggplant ........ ... .. .... 371 .. .. ...... .... .371
Irish potatoes ... .. ... 7,790 11,741 209 .. ... 19,740
Peppers ....... .. .. ... ...... .... .. ... .... 206 .. 206
Tomatoes ............ ...... 435 4,598 7,623 3,014 24 47 .. .. .. 15,741
Lima beans.................. .... ... 1 39 63 41 ...... .. .. .. 108
Snap beans......... ..... .. 61 1,862 2,995 162 60 ..... ...... 5,140
All lettuce ....... .. 19 56 187 .... 262
Sweet corn, green ..... .... ... .. ...... 45 91 136
O kra ............ ........ .. ...... ... 35 23 .. 58
Squash ...... ... .. .... .... .. ...... 20 150 209 120 ...... 599
Beets...... ....... .... .. ...... 27 27 14 .... ..... ...... 68
Chinese cabbage..... .. ..... ...... 11 14 11 .. .. .. 36
T urnips ...... ... 88 ... .. .... ..... .. ...... 88
Broccoli......... ... .. .... ..... ..22 .. .. ...... ...... ...... .. .22
Collards ........ ..... .. ....... ... ... 6 13 6 ...... .... .... .25
Radishes ..... ... ... ii 15 15 19 15 .... .. ... ..... ........ 75
Spinach......... ..... ..... ..... ..6 20 20 11 ... ........ 57
Carrots. .. ..... .... .. .. .. ... 174 i i 44 11 .. 240
Strawberries....... ... .... 4 16 30 11 17 3 ..... l81
Oranges.................... .... 138 277 535 442 698 842 671 480 253 ... 4,336
Grapefruit ............... 668 448 337 498 390 367 279 116 65 1 3,169
Tangerines ... ........... 14 55 80 70 51 31 ..... .. .. 301
Limes.................. 838 601 242 137 305 210 202 109 34 468 786 746 4,678
Avocados ...... 11I 111 166 222 222 111 67 44 ... .. 56 1,110
G uavas..... ......... 7 4 2 ..... .. .... 2 15
M angoes... ............ 17 4 ...... .. .... ... .. .. .. .. ... 14 35 70
Papayas ..... .......... 7 7 7 6 4 4 4 4 5 7 9 9 73

DESOTO COUNTY

Irish potatoes ............... .. .... 148 482 .... .....630
Peppers .................... 1 43 35 1 5 ...... ..... ..... 94
Tomatoes. ....... .. .. 28 489 .... ...... 517
W atermelons .... ... ... ... ... ....53 53 ...... 106
Oranges .. ......... .. .. 593 2,411 3,639 3,192 3,141 4,552 3,692 3,240 569 2 25,031
Grapefruit .................. ... 257 56 177 409 240 170 102 71 80 1 1,563
Tangerines ........... ..... .. ...... 396 1,307 656 464 185 22 ...... ...... ...... 3,030
Guavas .................... 2 1 ....... ..... ...... .. ...... ... ... .. .. .... ..... ..... 3
Persimmons ............... ..1 1 ...... .... ...... ...... ... .... ...... .. .... .. .... .... 2

DIxiE COUNTY

W term elons............... .. .. ...... ...... I ...... .. ...... 100 6 106










Chineets...e cabba. ...... .. .... ...... ...... 12 6 ...... ...... ..... ..... 2150
MChinese cabbage, ... .. .. .... .. ........ 4 5 ...... ... ..... 105
T urnipsstard.................... ...... 52 ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... 53 ...... ...... 105
Turnipss ...................... .. .. ... .. .... .. ...... .. .. ...... .... 52 ...... ...... 52
Onions, ...... .... ........ 6 16 16 12 12 ...... ...... 62
Collards...................... ...... ..... .... .. .. 31 20 ...... .... ... ... ... 51
Radishes..................... 8 ..1010 12 10 ...... ...... .. .. ...... 50
Spinach ............ ................ ... ......2 9 9 5 ...... ....... ...... ....25
Carrots ................... ., .. .... 12. .0. 120
Oranges..................... .. .. 108 2,349 2,300 2,249 3,185 4,464 3,860 4,057 3,486 85 26,143
Grapefruit...................... 1 286 62 205 140 304 528 742 237 ...... 2,505
Tangerines................. .. ... 244 1,414 1,330 603 140 13 ...... ..... ...... 3,744
Figs......................... .. ... .. .... ... .. ...... ...... 2 3 5
Grapes..................... 6 .... ... ... .... ..... ..... .... ..... 3 23 32
Pears........... ............... 103 .... .... .... .... .. ...... ....... ..... ...... 30 148
Persimmons................. 1 2 3 1 ...... .............. ..... ...... ...... ...... ......... 7

ESCAMBIA COUNTY

Irish potatoes ............... .......... ...... ......... ........ .. ..... ...... .. .......... 1,950 488 ...... 2,438
Turnips..................... ... ... ..... ... ..... ..... 52 ...... ...... 52
Collards ......................... .... .... .. ... ............. 15 10 ...... ............ 25
Blueberries.................. .. .. ... .. ... .. .... .... .... .. .......... ..... 1 1 2
Figs ............................. ................... ..... .. ...... ..... 2 4 6
Peaches..................... .. .......... .. .. ............ 47 79 32 158
Pears........................ 138 20 ...... ...... ...... ..... ...... ...... ...... ...... ......... 40 198
Persimmons................... .... 1 1 ...... .. .. .... ...... ....... .. ................. .. 2

FLAGLER COUNTY

Cabbage ..................... .. ..... ...... ...... 399 930 1,461 1,328 132 ........ ...... 4,250
Irish potatoes................ .. ...... ...... ...... ...... ..... ............5,082 3,918 ...... ...... 9,000
English peas..................... ... .................. 1 4 1 ..... ...... 24

GADSDEN COUNTY

Watermelons ................ ......... ...... ......... .. .. ............ 170 41 211
Collards .. .................. ...... ...... .. .. ..... .. .. 50 34 ..... ....... ...... ..84
Snap beans ................................ ... ............... ....... ....... ... 264 616 ..... 880
Blueberries........... ... .. ......... ... ...... ..... .. .. .. ...... ...... 2 2 4
Figs........................ ... .. ...... .... .. .... .. ...... ........... .. ... ...... .. .. 6 8 14
Grapes..................... 4 .. .. ...... ......... ... ...... ............... .. ... 2 12 18
Peaches ..................... .......................... ... 19 31 13 63
S Pears..................... .. 87 12 ...... ...... ..... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ......25 124

GILCHRIST COUNTY

W atermelons................. .. .. ...... ...... .... ... ... ..... .. .... ..... .... .3,578 225 3,803











TABLE 9.-Seasonal production of fruits and vegetables in Florida, 1942-43-Continued
GLADES COUNTY

YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST
Item I------------------. ----
Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Total
Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons
Cabbage..................... .. ........ ....... 174 325 455 239 759 173 ...... ...... 2,125
Tomatoes............ ....... ..... ..... .... .. .... ............ 633 ...... ...... 633
Lima beans ................. .. .............2 2 5 15 8 ..... 35
Snap beans..................... 5 99 78 42 25 11 120 121 1 ...... 512
All lettuce ..................... ... .. .. 116 347 1,156 ...... ........ ...... ...... 1,619
Guavas ...................... ...... ........ ...... ...... ....... ... ...... ...... ..... 2 11

HAMILTON COUNTY

Cucumbers.................. ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... 39 38 ......77
Cantaloups .................. ....... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... 488 ...... 488
W atermelons ................ ...... ....... ..... ...... .. .. .. ..... ...... 223 199 422
Squash ..................... 24 15 ...... ...... ....... ... .. 20 33 .... .. ... 92
Grapes................... 2 ........ ...... ...... ...... ..... ..... ... 1 6 9
Peaches................. ..... .. ..... .. ..... .... ... ... ... ... .. 19 31 1363

HARDEE COUNTY


Cabbage.....................
Cucumbers...................
Eggplant ................. ..
Insh potatoes ................
Peppers......................
Strawberries..............
Tomatoes...................
Watermelons................
Sweet corn, green............
Snap beans.................
Oranges ....................
Grapefruit.. ...........
Tangerines...................


82



22


22


"434
82
'259



48
517
164
120


182
..85


22



1,018
503
688


333


87
86


.'i,ii
1,118
958
386


145



1i58



859
671
239


142


58



1,778
430
82


42
326
7
315
""94
244

95
1,248
306
9


6
434
81
315
14
4,268
106
78
333
1,054
145


0 io


195
1 "i59
32


4


HENDRY COUNTY


bagr ......... ............
imbers...... .............
ishpeas.................


I:::::: I


HI C


324 911 81 ...... ......
...... ...... 94 61 ...... ......











119 27 3


HIOGHLANDS COUNTY

Cabbage ..................... 85 255 85 ............ ... 425
Irish potatoes................ .... ......... ...... .. .... .. .. ..... ...... 630
Lima beans .................... ...... ..... 25 31 ...... ...... 56
Snapbeans.......................... ...... 1004 600 300 ............ 1,500
Tom atoes................... .. ... ... ... ...... ...... .... 3 51 ...... 54
Oranges...................... .. .. 580 2,106 3,128 3,148 3,224 6,490 8,069 6,663 6,624 3972 44,004
Grapefruit.................... .. .. 811 1,161 2,745 4,838 3,845 4,153 2,237 3,099 1,586 12 24,487
Tangerines.......... ... ...... 373 1,332 669 731 258 7 ..... ............ 3,370
Limes..................... 94 4 2 1 1 70 18 4 1 3 191 232 621
Avocados................... .. 4 9 14 27 27 9 ...... ...... ...... ..... 90
Papayas.................... 1 .. ... .... .... ...... ... ..... .............. 1 1 3

HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY

Cabbage................................ ..... 343 1,058 515 429 515 115 ... ..... ...... 2,975
Cucumbers......................... 39 10 ........................ 15 182 ............ 246
Eggplant ........ ........................... ... ...... ...... ..... ..... 12 411 72 495
Irish potatoes................ .. .. ..... ... ...... ...... 131 919 ..... ...... 1,050
Peppers.................... .. .. .. .... 93 93 ..... .... .. .... ..... 1,455 653 ...... 2,294
Strawberries ........................... 54 216 396 144 234 36 ............ 1,080
Tomatoes..................... .. .. 13 415 402 ...... ...... ...... 609 2,890 90 ...... 4,419
W atermelons ................ .... .. .. .... .. .... ... ... ...... ...... 141 282 ...... 423
Lima beans................. ...... ...... .. ... ..... 56 56 ...... ...... ..112
Snap beans ................................... 362 90 90 ...... 543 271 ............ 1,356
All lettuce ..................... ...... 19 356 694 75 75 94 .............. 1,313
Sweet corn, green ............ ................. .................. 195 488 ...... 683
Field peas, green............. 24 .. .................... 25 73 122
Okra........................ .. ....... .. ..... ..... .. 47 ...... 70 47 117
Squash......................... .................. ...... 194 359 ...... ...... ...... 553
Beets...................... ... ...... ...... ... .. ..... 30 30 15 ...... ...... ...... 75
M ustard .................... .. .. ...... 11 ...... 8 ...... ...... ...... ...... 52
Turnips ...................... ...... 20 70 30 ...... 20 ......................... ... 140
Onions....................... ..... ..... 5 12 13 10 10 ................ 50
Broccoli.......... .......... .. .. ...... .... 37 ...... ...... ...... ......... .... ...... ...... ..37
Cauliflower................. ...... .. ...... 7 4 22 ............ ...... ...... ...... ... 33
Collards.................... .. ...... ... .. ...... 16 31 16 ...... ...... ...... ...... 63
Radishes..... ............ ........ 19 25 25 31 25 ...... ...... ...... ...... 125
Spinach ........................ ............ 3 11 11 6 .... ...... 31
Carrots..................... .. .... 203 13 51 13 ...... 280
Oranges...................... .. .. 677 5,973 8,418 7,960 8,237 13,164 12,075 8,790 2,696 21 68,011
Grapefruit.................... .. .. 751 4,217 12,842 24,161 17,107 12,069 9,391 4,840 1,109 81 86,568
Tangerines....................... .. .... 101 1,062 834 866 258 47 19 ............ 3,187
Limes......................2 2::.............
uavas 1 2
G uavas ..................... 5 3 1 ..... .. .... .. .... .. ... 2 11
P apayas .................... .... ....... ...... ...... ...... ...... .... 1 1 2
Persimmons ................. 1 ...... ...... ...... I.... .. ...... ........... ... ..... ......... 2















TABLE 9.--Seasonal production of fruits and vegetables in Florida, 1942-43-Continued
HOLMES COUNTY

YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST
Item __________-__________._____________________________-______________

Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Total

Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons
Irish potatoes ............... .. .............. .. ...... .. ...... ..... .......... ... .. 300 75 ...... 375
Watermelons................ ... ...... ..... ... .... ...... ...... ..... 341 82 423
Blueberries.................. I .. ................. ...... .. ............ 2 3 6
Figs ......................... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... 4 7 11
Grapes..................... 2 .. ........ .................................................. 1 6 9
Peaches.................. .... .... .. ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...... 43 71 29 143
Pears ....................... 69 10 ...... ..... .... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... .......... 20 99


INDIAN RIVER COUNTY


Cucumbers ..................
Peppers.....................
Tomatoes...................
Squash.....................
Snap beans..................
Oranges....................
Grapefruit ..................
Tangerines..................


54



6
260


90
1i70

i97
1,849
114


18
41
340

1,274
3,547
769


... 28



1,286
5,887
768


... 28



2,240
3,916
636


48

2,63i
6,214
188


90
78
2,650
5,724
16


851
98
2,785
3,344
8


. ..57


1,843
804


2

3


162
97
1,418
138
176
14,914
31,548
2,499


JACKSON COUNTY


Watermelons................
Cucumbers..................
Blueberries..................
Figs .........................
Grapes......................
Peaches......................
Pears........................


12

""ii


5,115
46
3
6
1
229


JEFFERSON CourTY


1,223









LAFAYETTE COUNTY

Grapes ... ....... ..... 2 ... ... ..... ...... ........... 1 6 9
Pears....... ........... 34 5 .. .. ...... ...... ...... ... .... 10 49

LAKE COUNTY

Cabbage ......................... .. ..... ............. 124 248 767 322 866 223 ...... 2,550
Celery. ..................... .. ...... ... ... ... .. ..... .. .... ..... 366 365 ...... ..... .731
Cucumbers................... .. .. .... ..... .. ... .... ..... ...... .32 160 ...... ...... 192
Cantaloups................... .. ...... .. .... .. ... ... .... ..... .. ............ 98 98 ..... 98
Irish potatoes ................................. ....... ..... ................ ..... 336 84 ...... 420
Peppers..................... ..... .. .. ...... ...... ...... ..... ... 137 ...... ...... ..137
Tom atoes.................... .. ...... ...... ...... 84 ...... ...... .. : .. 918 250 ...... 1,252
W atermelons ................ .. ...... ...... ... ... ... ......... ... ..... 1,665 6,570 215 8,450
Snap beans................... .. ...... ...... ...... ...... ... ...... 60 379 89 ...... 528
All lettuce................... .. .. .. .. .. ..... ..... ...... 133 178 45 22 ...... ..... 378
Oranges...................... .. .. 2,096 13,128 19,769 16,628 19,716 24,932 21,271 8,409 806 13 126,768
Grapefruit..................... .. .. 923 2,068 3,574 6,968 5,040 7,306 4,775 3,358 177 15 34,204
Tangerines ................... .. ...... 709 5,152 4,523 3,154 1,190 101 4 ....... ...... 14,833
Grapes..................... 32 .... ............ ............. ..... ...... 16 114 162
Pears........................ 35 5 ...... ...... ...... ..... ...... ...... ...... .................10 50
Persimmons .................... 1 12...................................................... 2


LEE COUNTY

Cucumbers................... .. 316 668 24 ...... ...... .... 12 48 ...... ...... 1,068
Eggplant .................. .. .. ...... 69 138 125 69 28 139 610 208 ...... 1,386
Irish potatoes ................ .. .. ...... ..... 3,636 1,776 846 42 ...... ...... ...... 6,300
Peppers............... ....... .. .. 5 218 339 80 32 21 5 ...... ...... ...... 700
Tomatoes.................... .. .. ... .. ..... 617 343 ..... 412 309 ...... ...... ...... 1,681
Watermelons ................ ...... ........ .. ...... ............. ... 46 367 9 ...... 422
Cauliflower ................. .... .... .... 4 2 13 ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... 19
Oranges...................... .. .. 88 323 790 874 945 606 1,467 1,320 541 1 6,955
Grapefruit..................... .. .. 1,300 436 1,178 2,187 1,880 2,481 1,714 890 331 7 12,404
Tangerines................... .. ...... ....15 6 7 26 ...... ...... ...... ...... 54
Guavas..................... .......... 2 ...... ...... ....... ...... ....... ...... ......... 3
M angoes..................... 7 1 ...... ...... .. .. ....... ..... ..... ..... ...... ...5 13 26
P apayas ..................... 1 1 1 ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... 1 1 1 6
Gladiolus.................... .. ..... 58 634 763 571 537 133 .......... ............ 2,696

LEON COUNTY

Watermelons.................. ...... ..... ... ........... .... ...... ...... .... 284 139 423
Blueberries..................... ..... ..... ... ..... .. ............ ....1 2 3
Grapes........ ............ 1 ........... ...... ..... ... ......3 4
Figs........................... ..... .. ................ .... ..... ...... 4 6 10











TABLE 9.-Seasonal production of fruits and vegetables in Florida, 1942-43-Continued
LEVY COUNTY


Item


YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST


Aug. 'Sept.


Nov.


Dec.


Jan.


Feb.


Mar.


Apr.


May


June


July


Total


Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons
Cabbage ..................... .. ...... ...... .... ...... 85 255 85 ... .. .. ...... 425
W atermelons ... .. .. ...... ..... .. .... .. .. .... ... ... 845 ...... 845
Field peas, green............. 54 .. ...... ..... .......... ... ...... ..... ..... ...... 54 162 270
Okra......................... ....... ..... .... .. ....... ...... 70 164 ...... 234
Squash ....................... 24 15 ...... .................. .. 20 33 ...... ...... .. 92
Cucumbers..................... .. .... .. .. ...... ...... .... 57 ...... ...... 57
Snap beans ....... ........... .. 15 75 ...... ...... ...... ...... 15 135 60 ...... 300
AU lettuce ... ............................ 4 21 67 34 ...... .... .. 126

LIBERTY COUNTY
F ig .. .. .. .. ............. .. ......... .. .- .. ............. .. ............. .... ........ .. .. .... ... .1
Figs ............................ .. .. ....... ............. 1
Pears........................ 5 ...... ...... .. ...... ...... .. ...... ...... ...... ...... .... 10 49

MADISON COUNTY

Watermelons............ .... ...... ...... ...... ... .. .... ...... ..... 1,439 673 2,112
Figs............... .. 3 4 7
Grapes...................3 ......... ..... ... ............... 1 9 13
Pears... ................... 35 5 ..... ..... .. ... ... ..... ..... ..... ...... ...... ..... .10 50

MANATEE COUNTY


Cabbage.....................
Celery .....................
Cucumbers..................
Eggplant ....................
Irish potatoes ...............
Escarole .. ............
Peppers ........... .........
Strawberries.................
Tomatoes....................
Snap beans..... .......
Al lettuce...................
Sweet corn, green.............
Squash... ........ .........
Broccoli ........ .... ...
Cauliflower...................


39


1,093
775
1i6

'874
165
5
1,270
33
997


.i6
10

i65
246
758
65
53
83


868
966
55

243
. .i i i

20
40

210


1,997
879
"4O

616
73
22
266
1,943


856
1,215
379
'379
8
14


"210
42


250
931
15
111
198
616
23
1,281
78
262
"97


36
280
182
79
642
21
.4
6,973
391
S97


'412



39
85
'244





MARION COUNTY


C abbage....................
Celery.....................
Cucum bers..................
Eggplant............... ...
Cantaloups ..................
Escarole ....................
Peppers.....................
Tom atoes...................
W atermelons....... ........
Lim a beans.................
Snap beans .............. .
All lettuce ..................
Sweet corn, green ... .....
O k ra ............... .... .
Squash.....................
T urnips.....................
Onio's .....................
O ranges .....................
G rapefruit ..................
Tangerines...................
Figs.............. .........
Grapes....................
Pears.............. .....
Persimmons.................


108


264

553
2


5


1i98





538


162
20

5,775
13
65


2


109







70

10,071
97
561


75



112
""li2








30
2
8,235
578
353


200



50





201


4
6,373
318
305


400



o50





268


20
4
6,835
853
229


175
1,462


3


""50
108
67

223

4
3,133
298
33


1,828
1,152


29
281
109
322
968
33
59
254
365
4
1,360
85


366

"97

405
806
2,791
76
430
146
594


205
2
1
2


116
58







4

1
12
10


850
3,656
1,152
198
97
324
550
1,087
2,958
448
2,152
569
205
848
1,014
140
18
42,544
2,246
1,546
2
18
50
11


MARTIN COUNTY


Cabbage....................
Cucumbers..................
Eggplant ...................
Irish potatoes...............
Peppers.....................
Tomatoes...................
Lima beans ................
Squash.....................
Snap beans..................
Avocados...................
Mangoes ....................


31
4


"55
111

1i97
6


37
182


157
13


.124


""8

28
85
13


356
i24


..... i
34
49
4


1,320
74




48
21


1,090
24
148
105
"46
25
28
240


209
24
25
105
185
207
31

242


92
1

2
1


...... 2,975
...... 48
...... 495
...... 210
...... 369
...... 556
...... 56
...... 138
...... 1,024
..... 42
2 4


MONROE COUNTY


M angoes..................... 1 ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ... 2 4


OKALOOSA COUNTY


Blueberries................... 10 ...... ... ..... ..... ... .... .... ... ... ...... 37 55 102
Figs......................... .. .. ...... .... ..... .. ... ... ... ... .. ..... 1 1 2
Grapes ...................... 3 .... ..... ..... .... ... ... ... ... .. ..... 1 9 13
Peaces ..... .... ............ .... 43 71 29 143
Pears ........................ 8 .. .. ...... ...... ...... ... 40 198










TABLE 9.-Seasonal production of fruits and vegetables in Florida, 1942-43-Continued

OKEECHOBEE COUNTY


YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST
I te m ........ ..... ..
Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Total
Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons
Squash...................... ... ... 41 28 ...... ...... 21 48 ...... ...... ....... .138
Snap beans..................... .. 15 99 78 42 25 11 120 121 1 ...... 512
Tomatoes ................... .. .. ...... 71 96 ...... ...... ......... 20 59 ...... .... 246
Guavas..................... 12 6 2...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ....... ..... ............. 3 23


ORANGE COUNTY


Cabbage... .. ..... 466 977 932 1,080 466 250 79 ...... 4,250
Celery... ... .. ...... 119 314 569 695 538 720 111 ...... 3,066
Cucumbers ... ... ..... .... ...... ............ 240 1,200 ............ 1,440
Irish potatoes .... .. .... ..... .. ... ... 51 ...... 13 343 13 420
Escarole....... .. .... .. .. ...... ...... 327 337 148 149 10 .. ...... 971
Peppers...... ..... .. ...... .. 49 288 255 120 34 4 ...... ...... ...... ...... 750
Strawberries......... .. .... .. .. ..... ...... 4 16 30 11 17 3 .. ..... 81
Tomatoes........ ....... ..... ......... ...... ...... ...... 140 403 ...... 543
Watermelons.......... .. .. .. ...... ..... .. ...... ...... 125 493 16 634
Lima beans ...... .. ......... .. .. .. ...... 1 13 8 ...... 22
Sweet corn, green .. ..... .. .... .. ......... .. .... 59 146 ...... 205
Beets................ .. .... .. ...... ... 6 7 3 .. ...... ...... 16
M ustard .......... ........ ...... 7 25 10 ...... 7 ...... ...... ...... ...... ...49
Onions ............ ....... .. ........... ...... 2 5 5 4 4 ...... ...... 20
Collards ................... ... .... .. .... ...... 5 11 5 ...... ..... ...... ...... ...21
Radishes.... ................. .150 200 200 250 200 .. ... ..... ...... ...... .. 1,000
Spinach .. .... .. 8 27 28 16 ...... ... .... ......... 79
Carrots..... .. .. ... ...... ...... 582 36 146 36 ...... 800
All lettuce ....... .... ...... 113 329 52 ...... ...... 10 ...... ...... ...... ...504
Snap beans..... ...... .. .. ...... 130 ...... ...... ...... .... 261 913 ...... .. 1,304
Oranges ................. 4,201 33,574 42,244 32,968 41,660 57,505 47,433 34,723 11,158 396 305,862
Grapefruit ... ...... .. ... 767 3,278 8,252 16,360 11,414 11,215 9,242 7,381 3,498 191 71,598
Tangerines ......... ... .. ...... 2,917 16,308 13,220 8,030 1,929 100 33 ...... ...... 42,537
Grapes......... 6 ...... .... .. .............. .... 3 23 32
Persimmons.. .. ........... .. ...... .... ..... ...... ...... ...... ...... ......... 1


OSCEOLA COUNTYr


Cucumbers.. .. .... .. .. .... .... .... .... .... ..... 8 40 ...... ...... .... 48
Snapbeans .................... .. ..35 27 ...... ..5 948 21 ...... 106
Oranges. ...................... 838 1,677 2,143 1,119 1,534 2,646 1,926 1,932 185 1 14,001
Grapefruit .................. 296 175 188 292 188 211 186 66 4 ..... 1,606
Tangerines .... ...... ... .. ... 191 496 288 164 114 5 ...... ...... .... 1,258
G uavas .................... 2 1 1 ...... ...... ...... ...... ... .. ... ... .. ..... s










- m I" .. ............. ... .. ...... I v A V f o / S .... .. & L
Irish potatoes................ ...... ...... 2,386 7,476 140 246 ...... 2,211 141 ...... 12,600
Es arole ...... ........... .. ...... ...... 41 49 82 425 711 311 ...... ...... 1,619
English peas................ ....... 186 746 217 21 ...... ..... ...... ..... 1,170
Peppers ...................... ...... 68 442 476 851 783 408 919 34 ...... 3,981
Tomatoes... ... ..... ................. 247 211 282 70 35 ...... ...... 845
Lima beans...................... .. .. 57 365 290 157 91 39 445 448 4 ...... 1,896
Snapbeans..................... .. 2,315 14,872 11,816 6,390 3,697 1,605 18,113 18,221 147 ...... 77,176
All lettuce................... .. .. ...... ...... ...... 134 403 1,344 ...... ...... ... ...... ..... 1,881
Sweet corn, green............. .. .. ...... 682 ...... ...... ...... ...... .. .... 341 683 .... 1,706
Field peas, green................................... .... 17 27 23 67
Okra........................... ...... ... ...... ... .. .. .. .. 9 6 ......15
Squash....................... ............ 148 14 147 ...... ... ........ ... 737
Beets....................... ...... ...... ...... ...... 6 7 3 ........ ...16
Chinese cabbage.............. .. .. .. .. ... ... ... ...... 24 31 23 ..... ...... ...... ..... 78
M ustard.................... ...... ..... .. 1 19 4 25 ...... ...... ..... ..... ...49
Turnips ...................... .. .. .... ...... 22 305 65 413 805
Onions..................... ...... ...... ...... 5 12 13 6 1s...... ......5
Broccoli ....................... ..... .. .... ... .. 56 ...... ...... ....... ...... ... 56
Collards.................... .. .. ..17 33 17 ....... ...... ...... ...... ... 67
Radishes................... ...... 188 250 250 312 250 ...... ...... ...... .......... 1,250
Carrots..................... ....... ...... ...... .... ...... 320 ...... ...... ...... ..... ... 320
Spinach..................... ... .... ...... 1 11 6 ...... ...... ...... ...... 31
Oranges...................... .. ..3 95 415 405 362 480 460 428 462 1 3,111
Grapefruit...................... .. .. 4 65 354 560 630 388 217 185 189 1 2,593
Tangerines ................... ... 102 359 279 204 62 8 ...... ...... ...... 1,014
Guavas..................... 2 1 1 ...... ...... ... ...... ...... ...... ............ .. I S1
Mangoes................... 2 .. ..... ...... .. .... ............... ..... ...... .......1 3 6
Papayas..................... I I ...... ...... ...... ...... ..... 1 1 4
Pineapples .............. .. ...... ..... 2 ..............................2 27 17 83
Gladiolus. ................... ...... 57 117 192 250 243 343 246 ....... 1,448

PASCO COUNTY

Watermelons................. .. ..... ...... .... ... ... ...... ...... ..... 44 801 ...... 845
Field peas, green.............. 29 ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... .... I ..... ...... 30 89 148
Snap beans.................. .. .... ...... ...... ...... ..... ...... 22 22 ...... ...... 44
Strawberries............... ... .......... .. .... 1 5 10 4 6 1 ..... ...... 27
Oranges...................... .. .. 457 6,223 7,555 6,921 10,410 15,093 14,596 11,818 3,602 55 76,730
Grapefruit................... .. .. 367 2,829 8,198 16,143 11,022 8,223 5,425 2,694 533 52 55,486
Tangerines.................... ...... 106 1,196 858 617 206 56 26 ...... ...... 3,065
Grapes ............... ....... 4 ...... ...... ........ ..... ......... .... ... 2 12 18
Persimmons ................. 2 .................. 2............................................. 3

PINELLAS COUNTY

Oranges..................... .. .. 417 5,745 7,688 8,596 10,551 15,102 14,860 14,421 4,118 59 81,557
Grapefruit..................... .. .. 793 2,476 4,066 6,347 5,176 7,067 5,984 4,615 1,335 11 37,870
Tangerines .............. ..... 98 1,030 660 506 206 28 ...... ...... ...... 2,528
Lim es....................... 1 i6 .... .. .. ....... ...... ...... ..... SO
Avocados ................... 4 8 12............... ............ .... ..... ..... 80
Gladiolus ................... .. 22 84 ...... ........... 11........... 294
















TABLE 9.-Seasonal production of fruits and vegetables in Florida, 1942-43-Continued
PoI.K COUNTY

YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST
Item _______--
Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jian. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Total

Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons
Cabbage .... .. ........ ... 55 627 681 449 286 27 .. ...... ...... 2,125
Irish potatoes .. ...... .. ..... ... ..... ..... ..... .... 79 551 .... 630
Peppers............. ..... .... .... .. 190 85 ... 275
Strawberries 22 86 158 58 94 14 ...... 432
Tom atoes. ... ......... .. ... 12 01 1
Tomatermelons ... .. .. ... 2 205 .. .... 217
Watermelons 22 401 ..... 423
Sweet corn, green. .. .. ... .. .. ... ... 195 488 683
Field peas, green .. .. 73 ..... ... ....... 73 218 364
Okra, green ........ ........ .. 9 20 .. 29
Onions, green .. ....... ..... 2 5 5 4 4 ... ...... .20
Collards .... .. .. 10 21 11 .. .. 42
Spinach ........ .. .. ...... 2 9 9 5 ... 25
Carrots ....... ..... ...... ........ 43 3 11 3 .... 60
Snap beans ....... ... ... .. ... 132 132 .... .. 264
Oranges ..... 34 9,073 46,654 63,351 59,463 76,917 123,194 115,785 98,642 55,817 5,728 654,658
Grapefruit 57 2 22,779 42.862 83.764 153,633 111,021 86,594 66,520 43,362 12,259 619 623,472
Tangerines.. 3,732 16,990 15,079 15,133 4,392 221 27 ...... ...... 55,574
Limes ...... ... .... 84 81 34 10 10 1 10 29 21 3 197 553 1,033
Avocados ..... .... 1 3 5 9 9 3 ...... ..... ..... ...... ...... .30
Guavas.............. 4 2 1 ...... ...... ...... ... ... ...... ... ..... .. ... .. 1 8
Persimmons .. ............ .. 1 2 1 ..... .. .. .. .. ...... ...... ....... .... ......... 4

PUTNAM COUN' V


Cabbage ...... ........... ........ ... 79 687 827 2,899 568 40 ...... 5,100
Irish potatoes.............. ... .. ... ..... 4,560 2,565 ...... 7,125
Peppers................. .... .. ... ....... .... .. 4 51 14 69
W atermelons..... ........ .. .. ... .. .. .. .. ... .. 422 ...... 422
Turnips..... ... ........... .... ... .. ..... ........ .. 5. ...... ...... 52
Snap means .... ............ ... ..... ........ ..... ................. 11 207 134 ...... 352
A ll lettuce .. ....... .. .. .. .. ... .. *.*... 4 2 73 2
All lettuce................. ...... 4 21 67 34 .................... 126
Oranges ........... ...... .. 4 465 1,309 959 1,596 1,701 771 282 66 1 7,154
Grapefruit ..... ..... ..... 1 8 38 109 118 153 93 11 2 ...... 533
Tangerines ............. .. .. ..... 53 579 645 406 185 9 ...... ...... ...... .. 1,877
Figs .................. ................................................. .............. 1
Pears ...................... ..... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... 15 74
Persimmons................. ...... 52 7 .1. ... .... .... .. ...... .. ... ..... .... .. .... ... .. .... 74
Persim m ons. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1 2 1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4













Cabbage..................... ............. 146 1,260 1,516 5,314 1,041 73 ...... ...... 9,350
Cucumbers........... .......... ..... ........ ...... ...... 192 ...... ...... .. 192
Irish potatoes ............... .......................... 30 14,657 12,688 ..... 27,375
Peppers.................... .. .. ...... .. ... .. 7 101 29 137
Collards ......... ............ .. .. .. ....10 21 11 ...... ...... ...... ..... 42
Snap beans................... .. .. .. .. .. .. ... ... 6 103 67 .... 176
All lettuce................... .. ..... ...... 4 2167 34 ..... 126
Oranges....................... .. 2 99 511 323 355 402 230 273 53 1 2,249
Figs.......................... ..... ....... ... .... ..... ...... 1 1
Pears....................... 18 2 .............................. ..................... 5 25
Persimmons ................... 1 2 ............. 3



ST. LUCIE COUNTY


Cabbage....................... .. ..... .... ...... 102 377 311 60 ...... ...... 850
Cucumbers.................... ... .. .............. ..... .... ...... 61 305 ...... ...... 366
English peas................ .. ...... ...... ...... .8 31 9 1 ...... ...... ..49
Peppers..................... .. 1 43 35 1. 5 ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... 94
Tomatoes...................... ...... 1,795 2,951 122 14 ...... 748 3,346 13 ...... 8,989
W aterm elons................. .. .... ..... ...... .. ... .... ... ..... 70 141 ...... 211
Lima beans ........................ ..... ..... 64 16 16 ...... 96 48 ...... ...... 240
Turnips..................... ... 18 61 26 ...... 18 ...... ...... ...... ...... 123
Snap beans............... .... .. ... .... 253 63 63 ...... 380 190 ...... ...... 949
Oranges...................... .. .. 2 546 2,266 3,246 3,662 4,385 5,114 4,007 3,704 30 26,980
Grapefruit..................... .. .. 187 1,865 4,803 8,919 7,718 7,651 6,195 4,176 778 20 42,312
Tangerines................. .... ...... 354 1,561 1,931 882 300 20 ...... ....... .. 5,048
Mangoes ..................... 9 2 ...... ...... .... ...... ........................... 8 19 38
Pineapples .................. 1 ..... ..... .... ..... 1 1 2 2 5 3 15
Gladiolus ................................... 231 232 231 136 157 ...... ...... ...... .. 987



SANTA ROSA COUNTY


Irish potatoes.................. .... .. ....... ... ... .. ... ... ...... 450 112 ...... 562
Blueberries.................. .. .. .... .. .. ... ...... ... ... ... ... ...... ...... 1 2 3
.. Figs........................... ............ ......... ........ ...... .... 2 2 4
.t Grapes..................... 3 ....... ...... ... .. ..... ...... ... ...... 1 10 14
Peaches ...................... ... ..... .... ..... .... ..... 62 103 41 206
Pears........................34 ............ .......................... ...... ...... ... 10 49










TABLE 9.-Seasonal production of fruits and vegetables in Florida, 1942-43-Continued
SARASOTA COUNTY

YEAR BEGINNING AUGUST
Item -----------------------------_
Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. MNlay Jur.e July Total

Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons
Cabbage.................... .. .. .. 137 683 57 239 159 .. .. 1,275
Celery............................ .3,377 3.834 4,211 5,295 4,061 1,221 ...... 21,999
Cucumbers...... ...... ... ... 104 28 .. 180 .... 312
Irish potatoes.......... ... 395 1,285 .1.. .. ... ..,680
Escarole....... ... .. ........ 18 97 69 27 42 69 2 ...... 324
Peppers....... ........ 3 114 179 42 17 11 3 .. 369
Tomatoes ........... ..... .... 65 361 9 435
Strawberries ...... .. ... .. ... 5 10 4 6 1 27
Oranges ......... .... .. .. 2 253 1,040 1.101 593 567 905 935 297 1 5,694
Grapefruit .. 2 13 38 72 182 272 233 11 2 ...... 825

SEMINOLE COUNIV

Cabbage ..... .. .... .. 527 721 610 1,801 1,053 361 27 5,100
Celery... ........ .... .. 2,433 6,438 11,669 14,253 11,034 14,762 2,282 62,871
Eggplant ... .... ..... .. .... 30 59 89
Irish potatoes.......... ... 93 747 .. .... 840
Escarole ...... ....... 356 812 801 545 456 156 111 .... .... 3,237
Peppers ... ... .... .. ..... ... .. ... 56 205 14 275
Snap beans ......... .... 99 49 ... ... 119 593 128 988
All lettuce 383 1,114 174 35 1,706
Sweet corn, green ..... .. ... 195 488 683
Squash .. .. ... ......... .... 28 18 ... 14 32 .. ....... 92
Beets .. ....... ......... .. .... ..... ... 23 23 12 .... .. 58
Chinese cabbage ......... .. .. ..... ...... .. 11 14 11 .... ....... .. .. 36
Turnips.......... .. ...... .. .. .. 18 61 26 .. 18 .. .... 123
B roccoli ....... .. .. ...... .... .. 11 .... 11
Cauliflower.... ...... .... 18 9 54 .. .... 81
Spinach......... ... ... 3 1 1 11 7 ..... ... ...... 32
Carrots. ... .. .. 131 8 33 8 180
Oranges..... ............... .. 412 5,203 7,575 6,166 7,006 8,189 6,033 2,118 242 3 42,947
Grapefruit ......... ...... 78 203 382 788 1,109 2,929 1,270 188 169 7,116
Tangerines.............. ... ..... 573 2,393 1,927 1,314 435 18 .... ..... .. .. 6,660
Persimmons................ 1 1 ........ ..... .... ...... 2

SUMTER COUNII


Cabbage........... ....
Cucumbers..........
Eggplant........... ....
Cantaloups............... .
English peas............ .. .
Peppers................. ....
Strawberries ............ .....
Tomatoes........ .........
Watermelons.................
Snap beans ...................
O ranges................. ....
Grapefruit............. ....
Tangerinesu.................
Persimmons..................


46
1

... 2


229
16
2.....


10


19

U1


58




38


1i68

29


174


8

.. 69



183
7 **


985
21

31
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1i47
38
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58
833


9
41


46
177
1


298
3

I
437
6
3,694
25
412
40


103
97

388
652
2,062
183
11


18



25


1,275
1,152
124
97
49
825
189
4,346
2,112
916
762
39
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3












TAYLOR COUNTY

Field peas.................. .. 11 .. .. .... .... ... ...... ... .. ... 11 32 54

UNION COUNTY

Irish potatoes .............. ....... ..... ..... .... ...... .....450. .......... 450
W atermelons............ .... .. .. .. .... ..... ...... ... .. ...... ..... 110 422
Field peas, green............. 24 ...... ......... ............. ... ...... ........ .. 25 73 122
Snap beans................... ..... ...... ............ .. ... 1 26 17 .... 44
Strawberries................. .. .. ..... .. ... ... 2 18 6 1 .... 27
Pears ..................... 5 2 7 .. ... ... ... ... .. ..... ... ... .. ....... 74

VOLUSIA COUNTY

Cabbage........................ .. ..... 11 220 306 214 87 12 ............ ... 850
Irish potatoes ................... .. ........ .. ... ..... ... ... ... ... ...... 929 196 ..... 1,125
English peas..................... ..... .. ............ 4 15 4 1 ..... ...... 24
W aterm elons................. .. .... .. ...... ...... ...... ... .. ...... ..... 394 28 422
Beets.............................. .. ...... ... ........... 8 8 4 ........... 20
Onions............................. ..... ..... 1 4 4 3 3 ................ 15
Spinach...................... .. ...... .... 2 8 8 4 ........................ 22
Snap beans.................. .. .. ... ...... ... ...... ...... ... 5 32 7 ...... 44
All lettuce................... .. 4 21 67 34 ... ... ... 126
Oranges...................... .. .. 11 1,338 4,486 3,844 4,075 5,079 4,140 2,256 487 4 25,720
Grapefruit.................. .. .. 9 166 387 1,124 848 760 500 115 14 1 3,924
Tangerines...... ...... ............ .. ...... 362 2,443 2,175 1,687 768 81 ...... ...... ..... 7,516
Grapes...................... 2 .... ..... ...... .. ...... ............1 6 9
Persimmons.................. 1 3 7 2 ............ ....... ...... ...... ...... ..... ....... .... 13
Figs ........................ .. .. ...... ..... ...... .......... .. .. .. .. 1 2 3

WALTON COUNTY


M ustard.....................
Blueberries...................
Figs .....................
Grapes......................
Peaches.................. ..
- Pears ........................


42


33


6
2
1
56


10
3
6
22
94


WASHINGTON COUNTY

Watermelons ......................... ..... .... ...... .. ... ... ... ..... 977 291 1,268
B lueberries ............ ...... .. ...... ...... .. ... ... ..... ...... ...... ...... 1 2 3
Figs ............................................................ 1 2 3
Grapes............... ...... 3 ... ... ... ................. ..... ..... 1 10 14
Peaches................... ..... .. ....... .. ...... ............14 24 9 47
Pears....................... 35 5 ...... ..... .. .. ... .. ...... ...... .... ...........10 50










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