Intended production of turkeys in 1939

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Intended production of turkeys in 1939
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United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
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United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( Washington, D.C )
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aleph - 028449078
oclc - 71023837
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,_ __UNITED STATES DE-'ARTTCNT OF AGRICULTTRB
," aU tJ...' BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
S. WASHINGTON, D. C. ",.rch 10, 1939

I T NDED PRODUCTION OF TURKEYS IN 1939

Us.DETflStTP$ducer are planning large increases in the number of turkeys to
Salsed tiis year, according to early February returns to the Bureau of Agricul-
tural Economics. Reports from more than 4,000 producers who bought or hatched
2,750,000 ooults in 1938 show that big increases are intended in all major regions
of the country. If the indicated increases should be realized, turkey producers
in the United States would hatch or buy about 27 percent more turkey poults in
1939 than in 1938. The actual percent of increase in turkeys raised, however, will
probably be less than that figure. Last year producers reported an expected in-
crease of poults of about 6 percent, whereas the increase in turkeys raised seems
to have been only about 2 percent. A record gain of 35 percent was mrde in 1936.

The reported number of turkey ooults that producers intend to obtain from
commercial hatcheries shows a 34 percent increase over purchases last year. In-
tended purchases of poults show large increases in all areas, being up 27 percent
in the North Atlantic and Far Western regions and 33 td 38 percent in the other
major regions.

An increase of 22 percent in home hatched poults is expected. The returns
for these show wider variations between regions than do those for purchased. poults,
but they also show gains for all major regions. These reported increases range.
from 12 percent in the South Atlantic to 33 percent in the North Atlantic region,
increases in all other regions being between 18 and 25 percent.

As this is only the second annual intentions report for turkeys, it is im-
possible to judge to what extent performance may fall below these reported inten-
tions. Large flocks which for several years have been rapidly increasing in
number and expanding in size are more fully represented in the returns than are
the small farm flocks and this probably tends to make the reported increase some-
what too high. During most recent years the number of small flocks has tended to
decline, offsetting to some extent the gain in large flocks. This year there
appears to be but little decline in the number of small flocks and gains in in-
tended numbers are shown for these as well as for large flocks.

The extent of the increase in the number of turkeys raised this year will
depend upon several factors, particularly the weather, the supply of suitable eggs
for hatching, the ability of hatcheries to meet the expanding demand for poults,
and finally, upon further consideration by producers of the possibility that the
supply of turkeys this year might be in excess of the market demand at satisfac-
tory prices. While these and other factors are expected to result in smaller in-
Screases than shown by the intention reports, a considerable increase in production
seems assured. Prices received for the 1938 crop of turkeys were high in' relation
to feed costs. Returns from the 1937 crop also were fairly good in most sections
though not in all. Following two generally satisfactory years, producers seem
inclined to expand production sharply and many who produced no turkeys in 1938
are planning to raise some this year.

The number of turkey hens reported on hand Februnryj 1, shows an increase of
15 percent over numbers last year. A gain is indicated for every mnjor geographic
area, with increases of 10 percent in the Far West, 14 percent in the North
Atlantic region, and about 20 percent elsewhere.


N






-2-


The mortality of young turkeys in 1938 is reported at approximately 21 pfl::
cent of the total number of poults bought, custom hatched and home hatched in in .ij....
thrt year. The loss of turkey hens for the country r-.s a whole wvs aoDarently
close to 9 percent nf the number on hand last year. The smallest loss of young iil
turkeys was 14 percent in the North Atlrntic region and highest was 36 percent U, i
the South Central group of States. The reported mortality of breeding stock 3
ranged from a low avcr-ge of about 5 percent in the Far West up to 18 percent t
the South Central region. ::


INTENDED TURKEY PRODUCTION IN 1939


Growers' Intentions


as Reported on February 1, 1939


:Fstimted :
:percent of:
GCe o graphic :U.S. totnl:
areas :production:
:of turkeys:
: inl1938B
Percent
North Atlcntic 6.4
East No.Centrcl 10.5 :
West No.C'.-.ntrvl 30.3
South Atl-jintic 8.2 :
South Cc.Atrl 22.1
Western 22.5
United Stv.tcs 1000 :0


: -Numbers in 1939 as a percentoW-.
: __ of numbers in 1938 1/1 __


Number
of flocks
reported

Number
447
629
1,178
446
779
587
4,066


:Turkey hens
: on hand
: Feb. 1


percent
114
122
119
119
120
110


: Hatchery :
: poults to:
be bought:
for rais-:
_ing /.
Percent
127
133
135
134
138
127
134


Home : Hat chbiR
hatched : ndf koW
poults for: atuiiil|
raising : iclty j
__ ___ conisCilil
Percent PerOf.
133 13D
121 : lt
125 Al
112
120 : I
118
122


l/ Exclusive of poults being hatched by growers for sale rs baby poults to otW
growe r s. ..M
2/ Including poults "custom hatched" for a fee from e;gs supplied by thew groi


Mortality of Turkeys in 1938 .,_
Young turkeys lost ns : Breeding stock lost -||
Geographic : a percentage of total : as a percentage of .i ::i
rrcas : numbers bought and : February 1 nun-
: home hatched in 1938 : bers of hens ._ ,
Percent percent :.
North Atlantic 14 : 12 i


Last No. Central : 21 12
West No. Central : 20 : 11
South Atl-ntic 30 : 15
South Central 36 18
Western 20 5

'Jnited Stn.tes : 21 :


Rupcrts rEceivtd from 67 hatcheries in connection with this inquiry eh
an increase of 33 ocrcent in the number of turkey hens on hand in their own fl
on February 1 this year over last, and an increase of 68 percent in their ex-
pected. sales of turkey poults in 1939 compared with 1938.

Inb


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA ::'
IIIIII III1 0 IIIi 1111118I
3 1262 08921 8936 '




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