Contemporary meaning in ancient art: A case for Hawaiian kapa

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Material Information

Title:
Contemporary meaning in ancient art: A case for Hawaiian kapa
Physical Description:
Project in lieu of thesis
Language:
English
Creator:
Majewski, Sheri
Publisher:
College of Fine Arts; University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla
Publication Date:

Notes

Abstract:
This capstone project describes my experience working in the Hawaiian cultural art of kapa, and my examination of it as an avenue for cultural preservation and revitalization of Hawaiian identity. The study describes the re-articulation of this art that was considered extinct for over a century. I used autoethnographic methodology to conduct the study, which allowed me to be an integral part of investigating the historical and contemporary representations of this art form. My data collection included interviews, surveys, documentation of ancient kapa procedures, examination of ancient tools using historical literature and artifacts in museum collections, and participant/nonparticipant observation of activities related to current kapa practices. I interviewed Hawaiian culture practitioners to define their knowledge and practice, and to consider how their practice compared with historical documents. I observed and surveyed student kapa makers while they worked in the learning context. My observation and practice in the Hawaiian cultural milieu and my work replicating artifacts for kapa-making were substantiated by the constant re-examination of historical texts and conversations with Hawaiian cultural practitioners. Analysis of pedagogy that is culturally-based to perpetuate the Hawaiian cultural world view was explored through these research avenues. This was done under the auspices of art education and cultural learning in the tradition of passing down knowledge in a continuum for future generations. I used self-reflection, narrative, and comparison to explain my conclusions. In my final recommendations I suggest the viability of an educational model that uses the ancient practice of kapa as a foundation for teaching in our present day. I created an online blog as a repository for information and a forum for dialogue on kapa making and other topics related to preserving and perpetuating the Hawaiian culture and Hawaiian sovereignty. The blog can be found at http://kapakulture.wordpress.com/
General Note:
Art Education terminal project

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID:
AA00017327:00001


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8 THE ART OF KAPA IN THE 21ST CENTURY t tf t b rn n f t t b r fn f rf

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9 THE ART OF KAPA IN THE 21ST CENTURY t ff nf f n f f n f f I r f f t The hohoa beater, too! Make it wet with water! Pound on the stone! Turn it to the other side! S moothly join pieces of kapa, on the anvil! f ff f f f

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12 THE ART OF KAPA IN THE 21ST CENTURY Purpose of the Study f f ff f f r f f f f f f f f ff

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15 THE ART OF KAPA IN THE 21ST CENTURY Research Questions f f f f f f ff f t ff f f f f f f f ff f ff f ff 1 Cultural traits associated as assets. Cultural habits, disposition, and skills as resources that empower the owner.

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21 THE ART OF KAPA IN THE 21ST CENTURY n f b f f r n b f n f f n fn n f f n t f

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22 THE ART OF KAPA IN THE 21ST CENTURY f t f f f f t f ff ff ff f f f Fig ure 2 Hawaiian Kapa Makers. Photo credit, R.J. Baker,1912

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2 3 THE ART OF KAPA IN THE 21ST CENTURY f b f f f f f f n f n f f f b

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24 THE ART OF KAPA IN THE 21ST CENTURY i f f b f f f f ff Figure 3 Bar graph shows the rapid rate of Native Hawaiian population decline.

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40 THE ART OF KAPA IN THE 21ST CENTURY rbfft fff f r fff f fff i that stretches back to the Tahitian migration voyages. f ff f f f f ffff f ff f f r f ff f ffft f

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57 THE ART OF KAPA IN THE 21ST CENTURY f ffrf 1. Where are you from? Which ahupuaa / moku of Kauai?____________ _________ ________ 2. Do you have Native Hawaiian ancestry? Y ___ N ___. How old are you? ____ What grade are you in ? ____ 3. Why did you start making kapa? Why is it important to you? _________________________________________________________ _______ 4. Did you carry on specific traditions, values, or designs from your (family) in your work? Why or why not? P lease explain: ________________________________________________________________ 5. How important is it to stick to traditional designs and methods? Is it okay to make new designs and create with new methods when making your kapa ? ________________________________________________________________ 6. In the process of making kapa how do you rate the following steps between 15? 1 I did not do this step 2 I do not want to do this again 3 I did not like this part 4 I liked this part 5 I want to do more of this Comment wauke (taking care of the garden) (making tools) Uu wauke (stripping the wauke bark ) (Pounding on the stone anvil) Kuku kapa, me ke kua (Pounding on the wood anvil) Hoomoomoo (beating strips of wauke, mak ing sheets)

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58 THE ART OF KAPA IN THE 21ST CENTURY Waihooluu (dyes) Hoowehi (decoration) Mahalo for sharing about your experience making kapa

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60 THE ART OF KAPA IN THE 21ST CENTURY n ff ffn i f tnff nf ft f f nn fftfnb t f t b r f f rrn

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61 THE ART OF KAPA IN THE 21ST CENTURY ff