James H. Edwards Diary (1889-1891)

A Guide to the James Edwards Travel Notebook ( Related URL )
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Material Information

Title:
James H. Edwards Diary (1889-1891)
Series Title:
James H. Edwards Diary (1889-1891)
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Language:
English
Creation Date:
1889

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Description and travel -- Anecdotes -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Milton (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
History -- Pensacola (Fla.)   ( lcsh )

Notes

Summary:
This book contains Edwards' notes about his experiences during his trip to Florida in 1889.
Biographical:
James Edwards went on a trip from Liverpool, England to Pensacola, Florida in 1889. There he stayed with Will Keyser. The Keyser family owned a sawmill in Milton, Florida, which Edwards visited while in Florida. His stay in Florida was brief-a little less than a month-as he decided to travel on to Nova Scotia.
Source of Description:
Originally derived from archival-level ALEPH record 024828804 ( OCLC: 184843005 )
Funding:
Funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) as part of the Pioneer Days in Florida Project

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History, Special Collections
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
024828804
System ID:
AA00017219:00001

Full Text





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CAPTAIN HENRY PARSELL, R N. R.
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COMMANDER OF THE WHITE STAR LINE STEAMSHIP "TEUTONIC."
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ENTERED AS SECOND-CLASS MATTER AT THE NEW YORK, N. Y., POST-OFFICE,
APRIL 27, I888.
COPYRIGHT, 1889, BY JOHN H. GOULD.


VOL. III.


SEPTEMBER, 1889.


PUBLISHED ON THE FIRST OF EVERY MONTH BY
JOHN H. GOULD,
AT AI.DRICH COURT, 45 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.

SUBSCRIPTION, $2.50 A YEAR IN ADVANCE. SINGLE COPIES, 25 CENTS.

Agents for Great Britain.
International News Co., Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, London, E. C.
Agents for France .:
Brentano's, 17 Avenue de l'Opera, Paris.


V OLUME I, bound in blue cloth, illuminated, stamped in
silver, post-paid, $1.50. Volume II, bound in red
cloth, stamped in gold and silver, post-paid, $2.00.
Red morocco covers, stamped in gold and silver, for binding
numbers as they are received, post-paid, 75 cents.

HE well-known irestigre of the White Star Line has
been greatly enhanced by the latest addition to their
fleet of the "ocean flyer" Teutonic, fully illustrated in the
present number. The distinguished and honored CAPTAIN
HENRY PARSELL, R. N. R., is her commander. He is a
man of 56 years, having been born in 1833, in the town of


Sunderland, Durham County, England, which place he must
have left at a very tender age, as he received his early edu-
cation at a college in Wales, and set out, when a mere stripling.,
of fourteen, upon his career as a seaman. His first experience .
being on a sailing vessel of 50oo tons, trading between London.'-
and the East. After a varied and useful career of about
twenty-three years, he entered, in 1870, the service of the.
favorite White Star Line, as second officer of the steamship.
Oceanic, the pioneer vessel of the line; being subsequently'
promoted to chief officer of the same ship; and, in due
course, with speedy promotion, becoming captain of the
Tropic, Gaelic, Oceanic, Adriatic, Coptic, Ionic, Britannic,
and Teutonizc, respectively.
Prior to the maiden trip of the last-named noble vessel, he
received an honorary commission of lieutenant in the British
Navy, and therefore hoists the blue ensign on whatever ves-
sel he commands.
As far as incidents are concerned, his career has been
most uneventful, being singularly fortunate in having avoided *,'
accidents, shipwrecks, or disasters of any kind, which in a great
measure accounts for the confidence in which he is held not
only by the company and the patrons of the line, but by
ocean travelers in general.
He has navigated the Arctic, Antarctic, and all other seas,
as well as all important rivers on this planet of ours. He is
genial, patient, and painstaking in all he undertakes; has a
pleasant word and smile for all he comes in contact with; is-
devoted to duty; is admired for his kindness; is every inch a
mariner, in fact, what we might term an "ocean veteran,"
and is-highly esteemed by everybody as a great sailor.



THE WHITE STAR LINER "TEUTONIC."


1 V jfHE times have changed,
and we live in an age o,
of progression,' may -
well exclaim the expe-
rienced traveler as he
-views the massive pro-
portions of the mam-
moth new racer that..
has been added to-th.e
famous fleet known far
and wide as the White
Star Line. Enormous
1_XIrXrchanges have t a k.e n
place within the past quarter of a century in the character of
steamships, and during the last decade the march of improve-i











* OG E7 N


ment in hull, machinery, and luxurious accommodations has
been simply marvellous.
Thirty years ago, crossing the Atlantic was an undertak-
ing not to be lightly entertained, and was the subject of much
thought, preparation and deliberation on the part of those
contemplating the trip. The steamships were small, and they
frequently came into port bearing the marks of severe pun-
ishment inflicted by the erratic and turbulent seas of the
mighty Atlantic. Twelve days, in moderate weather, was
considered a fair passage, and at the expiration of that time
the weary passenger was only too happy to escape from the
not over neat, incommodious steamship. The cabin was beyond
the reach of persons of moderate means, the rate was excessive,
the majority of those who paid it were wealthy, or forced into
the outlay by some pressing exigency. The saloon itself was
not more commodious than the smoke rooms of modern
steamships, and the staterooms below the main-deck, narrow
and stuffy, were as bare and comfortless as can well be im-
agined. Both saloon and staterooms were aft; and when the
ship encountered a cross, or head sea, the passengers were
pitched out of their berths in the staterooms, and unceremon-
iously ejected from their seats when at the dinner-table. Warm
meals were almost an impossibility, as all the dishes had to
be carried along the exposed deck from the galley, which
was a long distance from the cabin. There were no softly
upholstered smoking-saloons, no electric bells, no pianos, and
no flowers. To-day the old order governing ocean travel
has disappeared, and through the rapid march of modern in-
novations, a trip across the Atlantic is viewed as the ne plus
ultra of luxurious journeying.
The change in the location of the grand saloon from the
stern of the ship, where it was hemmed in by staterooms,
making a long, narrow, badly-lighted and poorly-ventilated
apartment, removing it from over the jar and tremble of the
screw to a position amidships, somewhat forward of the
center, was an innovation inaugurated by the White Star
Line on the advent of their pioneer steamship in 1870. The
feature was very popular, productive of greatly increased
comfort, and has been widely adopted by other lines. When
the first vessels of the line were brought to Liverpool from
Belfast they created a sensation and became the stibject of
comment and observation. Events have proved that the
builders reached a high degree of speed and safety, and that
no steamships have been better able to cope with the Winter
storms of the fierce Atlantic. For twenty years, in Winter
as in Summer, the steamships of the White Star Line have
lived down adverse criticisms, and the best evidence of the
value of the improvements introduced by this company is
that they have been adopted by all rival lines.
In May, 1875, the Germanic, the latest addition to the
White Star Atlantic fleet, was placed on the New York and
Liverpool route, and with her sister ships completed the fam-
ous and splendidly equipped fleet of liners that soon won the
reputation for possessing superior speed, efficiency and uni-
formity of passages. As an instance of the regularity at-
tained by the line, the Britannic, in 1876, averaged for six
voyages outward 7 days, i8 hours and 26 minutes, and in
1886 made her fastest passage, being then twelve years in


commission. On her trip last month she made the run
from Queenstown to Sandy Hook in 7 days, 11 hours and 54
minutes. Since 1874 the White Star fleet has made no special
effort to shorten the time in making the passage across the
Atlantic; but the important subject was by no means lost
sight of. Eight years:'ago Messrs. Ismay, Imrie & Co. agreed
upon the model and general features of a new and advanced
type of marine architecture, quietly awaiting an opportune
period for their project to become an accomplished fact. The
carefully-prepared and well-matured plans for twin-screw
steamships were put in the builder's hands during the Sum-
mer of 1887, and the Teutonic is the result of Messrs. Har-
land & Wolff's handiwork. It is with no small sentiment
of pride that the firm point to the fact that they have built fif-
teen steamships for the White Star Company, which enjoys
the reputation of being the most efficient and best appointed
service in the transatlantic trade.
The leading features of the Teutonic were briefly de-
scribed in the January issue of OCEAN, since which date the
racer has made her debut and steamed triumphantly into the
waters of New York Harbor. Her length is 582 feet, consti-
tuting her the largest ship afloat; breadth, 57 feet 6 inches;
depth, 39 feet 4 inches, with a gross tonnage of 9,686 tons.
The combined horse-power is 2,400, and is expected to de-
velop over 17,000. The amount of coal consumed is about
235 tons per day. In form and construction of hull, the
Teutonic possesses all the distinctive features of outline and
strength which have made the White Star fleet famous the
world over, with the addition that she is minutely sub-divided
by athwartship bulkheads as well as a longitudinal bulkhead
running fore and aft throughout the greater portion of her
length, greatly increasing the security of the steamship in
case of collision.
The lines of the Teutonic have all the preciseness and
grace usually possessed by a yacht. The straight cutter
stem has a very business-like air about it; while the tapering
sheer, rounded counter and shapely stern presents as perfect
a picture of marine architecture as any nautical expert will
allow. She is built of Siemens-Martin steel, and propelled
by two independent sets of triple-expansion engines, con-
structed by Messrs. Harland & Wolff, driving twin-propellers
with manganese bronze blades. Below the water-line more
than usual care has been taken to diminish skin friction as
much as possible, and to accomplish this the plating has been
carefully cleaned, rubbed down and smoothed, then treated
with a coating of Rahtnjen's celebrated composition. So
nicely has this been done that the bottom plating of the Teiu-
tonic is as smooth as glass, having the appearance of an
enameling process.
In the construction of the Teutonic, while every improve-
ment that could possibly be applied with benefit has been
utilized, the type and main features that have characterized
the line remain intact. The single screw, which performed
satisfactory work for the 5,ooo-ton steamship, has been swept
aside in favor of the twin-screws for the io,ooo-ton racer.
An important feature, and one that will greatly interest pro-
fessional men, is the disposition of the steering apparatus on
the main-deck, where all on board who choose may view its


35











* O0 CEN


massive proportions and ingenious workings. There is a large
cog-wheel on the rudder-head that is connected by gearing to
two sets of steam-engines specially built for the purpose, by
which means the huge rudder is managed as easily and
readily as a yacht's. There is also a tiller, fitted with tackles,
all in position, and ready for instant use should an emergency
arise.
Though similar in hull and outline to the remainder of
the fleet, and having two funnels, like the Britannic and
Germanic, but set some sixty feet apart, the masting of the
Teutonic is entirely different, and is a direct departure from
the methods formerly in vogue. Three large, symmetrical
pole masts, without yards, take the place of the familiar
four masts possessing full sail power and cumbersome top
hamper. The application of twin-screws has emphatically
struck a death blow to sail power and the use of heavy spars
aloft.
A striking feature of this noble steamship rests in the
hurricane or promenade-deck, which is two hundred and
forty-five feet long, or nearly one-twentieth of a mile, with a
clear width of eighteen feet on each side of the deck-houses,
and free from obstructions of every description, the boats
being disposed of on an awning-deck above, which at the
same time affords shelter during bad weather. A clear space
extending from 10 to 12 feet beyond the swell of the deck-
house enables passengers to promenade completely around
the deck structure without break or interference of any kind,
thus placing at their disposal, for the purpose of exercise and
pleasure, 6oo feet of space, or nearly one-eighth of a mile.
This is a feature that will at once commend itself to the
weary and enmuicd traveler, who, braving storm and hissing
squalls, prefers to remain on deck where there is plenty of
room, in lieu of the closer atmosphere below. On no other
steamship afloat do the accommodations exist that are here
devoted exclusively for the pleasure and use of the restless,
vigorous and thoroughly-seasoned tourists. On this deck
are the quarters of the commanding officer, which are unusu-
ally roomy and luxurious in character. Every facility for
communicating instantly with those intrusted with important
duties are at the commander's hand; while charts, books, in-
struments, and all the paraphernalia of a nautical commander
find place within allotted spaces. Staterooms A, B, C and
D, are also located on this deck, and from their freedom from
obstructions of all kinds, with an uninterrupted view of the
ocean in all its moods, and with an unlimited supply of ozone
and health-giving salt air they are, therefore, specially de-
sirable.
Adjoining the main entrance on this, the promenade-
deck, is the library, containing bookcases filled with a careful
collection of the choicest works published. The apartment
is particularly light and attractive, being paneled in light
oak, the wood of which was carefully selected on account of
grain, color and texture, carrying a novel ornamentation pro-
duced by burning the design in a gilt ground, varied by
carvings exquisitely executed, and hand-made panels in varied
colored crewels on a pale-blue satin ground. The room
is lighted at the sides by windows, covered with glass
shutters of Italianesque design, that admits of a subdued


and mellow light, particularly adapted for those making
use of the magnificently appointed apartment. Additional
light is furnished by the richly stained glass dome. Every
device and appliance that could possibly add to the comfort
and luxury of the inmates has been furnished. Revolving
chairs that, while inviting rest and contentment, occupy but
little space, are here found in conjunction with individual
writing tables.
In the center of the apartment is a massive sheet of
opaque glass, in the form of a table, from the edges of which
rise fluted columns, carved, decorated and adorned with the
highest art of the carver's handicraft. Over head, the eye is
greeted with panels, large and artistically covered with intri-
cate and quaint patterns of delicate tracery, relieved by color-
ings and effects that tend to deceive the eye and add entranced
height to the noble proportions of the ornate library. Seduc-
tive chairs, covered with warm and costly stuffs, stand invit-
ingly forth from quiet nooks, while the effect of light and
shadow on carvings, massive oak decorations, distant alcoves
and sequestered retreats, all add indescribable charms to the
delighted guest and thoughtful, quiet reader and student.
Passing down through the main entrance to the upper-
deck the comfortable quarters of the purser is found, and we
will now pause for a moment by the grand staircase, which
in any steamship is a marked and prominent feature, gener-
ally reserved for an elaborate display of ornamentation and
carved and polished effects. The main staircase of the Teu-
tonic is singularly free from all such innovations, but the ef-
fect is none the less striking and impressive. The fittings,
panels and material generally is composed of selected English
oak, which, as it becomes tempered and mellowed with age,
assumes a darker and richer hue until it is difficult to distin-
guish it readily from black walnut. It is the same style of
oak that for centuries has made England famous in her wain-
scotings in abbeys, chapels, residences, and manor-houses
generally. The stairs are wide, spacious and gradual in de-
scent, terminating in a broad, substantial landing which is re-
lieved by an inlaid, tinted rubber floor, that contrasts pleas-
ingly with the shades of oak. The balustrade is highly pol-
ished, massive and relieved by a deep beading. The upright
rounds are correspondingly heavy, fitting into side pieces that
are hand-carved in a beautiful pattern of bas-relief. The
newel posts are heavy, finely polished and handsomely carved,
while supporting pillars, bearing a pattern of a circular de-
scription with the heads of tritons, complete as fine an effect
as can well be imagined from a refined and artistic point of
view.
On this deck, forward of the grand staircase, are some
of the choicest staterooms in the ship, furnished with baths
and every possible convenience. They are unusually large,
with handsome brass bedsteads. They are lighted with
windows, which open onto the promenade around the deck-
house, giving fresh air in abundance; they are also connected
by electric bells with the necessary departments of this great
floating city. Nothing finer or more complete in every detail
has ever been placed at the disposal of the public.
In addition to the rooms already mentioned, on this
deck, further aft, is the gentlemen's lavatory, the barber's


36













S0O C E 7N


shop, and the finely-appointed smoking-saloon. This apart-
ment, as one of the attractive features of the great racer,
deserves more than passing attention. Here may be found
the ne plus ultra of a smoker's paradise, the acme of
human comfort and pure contentment. Nothing that ap-
proaches a straight back chair or disagreeably formed sofa
has been allowed place within the generous bounds devoted
to the devotees of the fragrant weed. As Byron has it:

"Divine in hookahs, glorious is a pipe,
When tipped with amber, mellow, rich and ripe;
Like other charmers, wvooing the caress
More dazzling when daring in full dress;
Yet thy true lovers more admire by far
Thy naked beauties-give me a cigar."

The walls of this room are covered with richly-gilt em-
bossed leather, the design being a careful reproduction of
one of the best patterns of the old Flemish "cuir repousse."
Panels in the sides of the room are decorated with oil paint-
ings, representing shipping from some of its most picturesque
and interesting aspects. Ships of war, old and new, dating
from the gaily decorated Venetian Republic and other great
naval powers of the Mediterranean in the Middle Ages. i-
represents the Spanish American Empire, aroyal treasure ship
in the I17th century, by E. J. Taylor; 2-Armed Genoese Gal-
ley in the Harbor of Venice, 16th century, by Frank Murray;
3-Columbus in Sight of America, representing the Nina,
Pinta, and Santa Miaria, in October, 1497, by Frank Murray;
4-The Romans in Britain during the 2nd Century, by E. J.
Taylor; 5-Viking Ships in the Nile during the loth Century,
by Frank Murray. Other spaces are filled with shallow
niches, each containing a figure in high relief carved in pear-
wood, after Donatello. The dome and ceiling are works
of art in themselves, the latter containing an old English
plaster pattern in oddly-shaped panels, with finely modeled
rosettes at intervals. Shutters of stained and ornamented
glass fit each window, and are placed in position as soon as
the electric lights are called into requisition, completely ob-
scuring the inmates from all outside observation. Even the
floor of this apartment, like the vestibule at the foot of the
grand staircase, is a novelty and a decided innovation on any-
thing of the kind that has heretofore been introduced. It is
composed of rubber, artistically colored and arranged in
pleasing designs and patterns. The superior features of this
over a wood floor, or one covered with oilcloth, linoleum or
even the finest carpet, is obvious, as to slip on a rubber floor,
when the ship pitches or rolls, is simply impossible. The fur-
niture and upholstering of this luxurious apartment has been
carefully designed, with every attention devoted to ease and
pure enjoyment. The sofas, chairs, tete-a-tetes, and acces-
sories generally in point of costly elaborateness correspond
with the fittings of the smoking saloon.
The grand dining-room, or main saloon, is on the main-
deck, placed amidships, where there is the minimum of
movement, and apart from its great size presents many
unique and novel features. In general the decoration is of
the Renaissance period, the tints being a subdued ivory and
gold. The walls are exquisitely enameled, relieved by a deli-
D..-


cate and elaborate tracing, slightly shaded with a filling of
gold, while the panels in this labyrinth of artistic design, exe-
cuted in a glyptic material, exhibits tritons, sea nymphs, and
ocean symbols generally, all gracefully grouped and executed.
The figures in relief are finished in an ivory-like surface, and
the groundwork of the panels are in gold. The ports are
lined with repoussee brasswork of the same Renaissance
character as the walls, and are fitted with stained-glass shut-
ters, emblazoned with the arms of the different States and
cities of America, Canada and Europe, behind which are
placed electric lights, so that the brightness of the design is
apparent by night or day. The ceiling, like the walls, corre-
sponds in regard to the tints of ivory and gold, the electric
lights peeping forth from numerous niches and artistic cor-
ners; the whole producing an effect almost beyond the power
of language to describe. Tables of polished wood extend
the entire length of the saloon, flanked on either side by
revolving chairs that are upholstered in the finest plush. The
accommodations are such that three hundred passengers can
be seated at one time, and as the Teutonic is not intended to
carry more in the first-class quarters, the inconvenience and
vexatious delays occasioned by dining in relays will be
avoided. This feature will undoubtedly commend itself to
the patrons of the line. Although she is much larger than
the Etruria and Umbria, still she carries only about half
the number of saloon passengers, the limit having been placed
at three hundred, and there is abundance of room for all this
number to dine at one time in the saloon, which is 6o feet
long by 58 feet wide. The rule limiting the number of
saloon passengers is a good one, as it obviates the necessity
of serving double, meals. The great aim of the company is
to furnish incomparably the finest cuisine, and served in a
luxurious manner.
Surmounting this richly-appointed saloon, which, without
doubt, is the most elaborate and artistic creation that is afloat,
is a dome of stained glass, combining the soft and beautiful
tints of the rainbow, which sparkles and flashes in the warm
sunlight, or gleams in the brilliant rays of the electric light,
shedding a flood of ever-changing scintillating colors over
the vast area of the main saloon. The effect is heightened
by an arrangement of mirrors which reflect and multiply the
gorgeous colorings, that, when in full play, with the steam-
ship gently rolling, resembles the brilliant combinations of a
mass of jewels. The carvings and effect generally surround-
ing the dome are of the richest character, dazzling the eye in
attempting to follow the sinuous windings of the perplexing
pattern, the creation of a genius and an artist of great ability.
Forward of the grand saloon, and directly below it, on
the main deck, are the regular staterooms, handsomely deco-
rated, furnished and provided with every comfort and luxury
that good judgment and discernment could suggest. A large
proportion of these are two-berthed only, and so arranged
that there will not be both upper and lower berth in same
room. Numerous rooms of large size for families are pro-
vided, as well as rooms suitable for a single passenger.
The stateroom curtains are of art muslin, which produce
a particularly fine effect. All the woodwork in the passages
and hallways are beautifully modeled in artistic designs, show-


37













* OCE7 N *


ing on the part of the builders the greatest care, even to the
minutest detail. In short, so far as the interior of the Teu-
tonic is concerned, nothing has been left undone that good
judgment and a lavish expenditure of money could produce.
When domiciled in one of the Teutonic's spacious state-
rooms, seated in a luxuriously-upholstered easy chair, with
finely-polished brass bedstead occupying one part of the
room, the electric light revealing the richly chaste design of
the tapestry covering the walls and the artistic folds of the
art muslin draperies-it would be hard to realize that one
was really afloat. In point of size, the rooms are superior to
those generally allotted to transient customers at the average
hotel. In some of the larger staterooms on the upper-deck
the fluted tapestry draping is varied with an oak paneling, re-
lieved with gold, which is both soft and pleasing to the eye,
and rich and appropriate in design. While dwelling upon
the comfort and elegance of the Teutonic's sleeping accom-
modations, mention should be made of some of the state-
rooms which are fitted with bedrooms and sitting-rooms
en suite.
Adjoining the grand saloon are elaborate bath and toilet
arrangements, which the guests of the steamship will appre-
ciate on account of their generous proportions and perfect
ventilation. Abaft the saloon, on one side, is located a large
pantry, galley, baker's shop, bread-room and butcher's quar-
ters, with a huge receptacle for ice directly below. On the
other side are staterooms leading aft, where the accommoda-
tions for the second-class passengers are located.
The second-class department is a distinctive feature of
the great ship, and provides for the comfortable accommoda-
tion of one hundred and fifty passengers. There is included
a roomy, finely-equipped dining saloon on the upper-deck,
with a smoking and lounging-room on the promenade-deck
above. All the fittings are handsome and substantial, corre-
sponding in point of appearance with the general fittings
met with throughout the steamship. The staterooms com-
pare favorably with the first-class accommodations generally
met with on passenger ships of to-day, and are fitted with
every comfort usually found in a first-class hotel. A prome-
nade-deck is devoted exclusively to the use of those desiring
a less expensive trip across the Atlantic, with bath-rooms, lav-
atories, and manly comforts that will not fail to win the ap-
probation of those patronizing the line.
While the arrangements for steerage passengers have
always been a special feature in the White Star steamships,
the Teutonic is, in many respects, a decided improvement on
the older ships. The complete isolation of the single men
and women at each end of the ship, and of the married peo-
ple in their own quarters, in two and four-berth rooms, sepa-
rate entrances, closets and locations for each division, a bath
for the women and children, and a smoke-room for the men;
and the comfortable steerage pantry enabling a constant sup-
ply of hot water and other comforts, is maintained for those
who need them. In common with all other parts of the ship,
the steerage is lighted by electricity throughout. There are
accommodations, without pushing or incommoding one an-
other, for about 750 passengers in this thoroughly-equipped
department.


In building the Teutonic and Majestic, the White Star
Company agreed that the vessels should be of such type and
speed as would render them specially suitable for service as
armed cruisers, and in accordance with plans and specifica-
tions approved by the admiralty. In consideration, the ad-
miralty agree to pay to the company for these vessels an
annual subvention, payable half-yearly, at the rate of fifteen
shillings per gross registered ton per annum, such subvention
to commence from the date on which the vessels, respectively,
start on their first voyage with the mails. The guns designed
for these Royal Naval Reserve cruisers are of the type known
as the thirty-six pounder Armstrong's, of which but four
have as yet passed into the possession of the Government,
and were mounted on the Teutonic when she participated in
the late naval demonstration at Spithead. When fully equip-
ped as a cruiser she will carry, in battery, twelve Armstrongs.
At present, she has fittings to accommodate one gun on each
bow and one on each quarter.
With the keen eye of an expert and the zest of one whose
heart was in the work, Emperor William, when inspecting
the Teutonic, at once recognized the racer's guns as some-
thing new and novel. Walking to the starboard forward
gun, he accosted the detail, who had been sent from the steel-
armored cruiser Howe, as to the working of the breech
mechanism. He personally elevated and depressed the piece,
glancing along the sights, and turning to his brother, said:
"We have nothing like them; but we must have them, and
at once." Before the Emperor left, the gun detail tried the
breech-loader with a blank cartridge for the special benefit of
the distinguished guest, who expressed himself as highly
pleased with the Teutoi'c in all her departments, and during
the ceremonies no vessel exceeded her in point of interest
with the multitudes present.
Following are the daily runs made by the Teutonic
from Roche's Point to Sandy Hook Lightship on her maiden
trip: August 9th, 349 knots; August ioth, 404 knots;
August 11 Ith, 430 knots; August i2th, 431 knots; August
13th, 440 knots; August 14th, 454 knots; August 15th, 227
knots.
Her corrected time from Roche's Point, Queenstown, to
Sandy Hook, was 6days, 14 hours and 45 minutes.



CAPTAIN THEODORE COOK.
To THE EDITOR OF OCEAN:
AN you inform me through-the column o OCEAN, the
names of the different Cunard ships captained 'by
Theodore Cook? JOHN DICKISON.
[Captain Cook was second officer of the steamship Amer-
ica in 1847 ; chief officer of the steamship Cambria in i85i,
and captain of the steamship Balbec in 1853. Since then he has
had command of the following steamships: Australasian,
America, Niagara, Arabia, China, Cuba, Java, Africa,
Europa, Russia, Parthia, Gallia, Servia, Umbria and
Etruria. He retired from the service last Fall. At the time
of his retirement he was commodore of the line and com-
manded the Etruria. ED. OCEAN.]


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