Transcript of Diary, Nov. 14, 1837 to Feb. 17, 1838


Material Information

Transcript of Diary, Nov. 14, 1837 to Feb. 17, 1838
Series Title:
William S. Foster Journals (1834-1839)
Physical Description:
Foster, William S ( William Stanhope ), 1790-1839
Creation Date:
Physical Location:
Box: Diary Box 16


Subjects / Keywords:
Seminole War, 2nd, 1835-1842 -- Personal narratives   ( lcsh )
History -- Sources -- Fort Foster (Fla.) -- 19th century   ( lcsh )
History -- Sources -- Fort Dade (Fla.) -- 19th century   ( lcsh )
Florida -- 12000   ( ceeus )
Territorial Florida, 1821-1845 -- Wars of Indian Removal, 1817-1858   ( fhp )


Journals, reports, correspondence, receipts. The journals in the collection date between 1836 and 1838. The correspondence dates from 1834-1839. There are also field reports and battle reports related to the Second Seminole War. The field reports of this "hard bitten regular" and veteran of the War of 1812 describe the re-building of Fort Alabama on the Hillsborough River (blown up as a booby trap in 1836) and the building of Fort Dade. Foster's observations form an important complement to the diaries of Lt. Henry Prince for the two men served together during December of 1836 and from January through March of 1837, and their journal entries parallel one another.
Lieutenant colonel.
General Note:
Originally derived from archival-level ALEPH record 028140146 ( OCLC: 50656948 )
Funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) as part of the Pioneer Days in Florida Project

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History, Special Collections
Rights Management:
Restricted access,
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System ID:

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Table of Contents
    Diary, Nov. 30, 1836 to Jan. 27,1837
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    Diary, Jan. 24, 1837 to Feb. 5, 1837
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    Diary, Nov. 14, 1837 to Feb. 17, 1838
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Full Text

Journal 1836

Journal from the 30th Nov.,1836 to 27th January,1837
4th Infty in Florida

Journal from Col. W.S. Foster's Campaign
Nov.30 Left Tampa Bay at 7 AM, Order of March in three Columns and encamped
Thlonotssassa Pond or Lake, Gen. Eustis' Encampment
Dec.lst Thursday Col. Foster with the 4th Infty ordered to collect the bones and
bury them, of two soldiers who had been massacred some time before on the evacua-
tion of Ft. Alabama. Arrived at Ft. Alabama at 1 PM & encamped in good order
2nd Friday, Commenced work in different parties under a strong covering party
collecting timber for a block house
3rd Saturday, Continued work which was handsomely progressing, Order No.3 to
continue work the day following
4th Sunday, the parties reorganized and at work at 5 PM. Col. Freeman arrived
with 200 troops consisting of Marines, Artillery & 20 friendly Indians, for the
purpose of conveying back the Baggage Waggons, 16 innumber & Artillery horses-
5th Monday, At daylight this morning the Waggons and guards departed, Col. Foster
forwarding his estimates for provisions & other necessories, commenced the 2nd
Block House (the first being pretty well advanced) under the superintendance
of Capt. G.W. Allen, 4th Infty., also opening a Ditch for setting pickets by the
direction of Lt. Prince, 4th Infty. Sawyers employed at cutting timber for Bridge
6th Tuesday, Morning cludy, some rain, decreasing last night, Order No.4 Spend
appointing low wall, to throw a bridge across the Hillsborough River immediately
opposite the works. Also Lt. Prince, 4th Infty., Actg. Adj. & Engineer to the
Force to propose a plan of the fortification together with the bridge ad a drawing
and sketch of the topographical country around in removing Rubbish about the
camp we found another scull of an Indian, making 5 that were discovered killed
from the explosion on the evacuation of Ft. Alabama, besides many more that must
have been blown to pieces.
7th Wednesday, Cool & chilly Showers during last night accompanied with some wind
(Blowing fresh from the north) Party employed in setting pickets, others at work
on the Block Houses, we are in fair way to bid defiance to any Indian force that
might be brought against us. The guard discharge their pieces on being relieved,
clean & reload, & every man staying with his Cartouch Box are prepared for
instant action. Indeed I may say we are in no way apprehensive of a surprise.
8th Thursday Weather continues cool, frost last night. Once Block Houses and
Pickets present imposing view against Indians. At 7 O'clock this Col. Freeman
of the Marine Corps arrived with the Convoy & Baggage train & one Piece of
Artillery for the Block House. The escort consisted of about 200 men, Marines &
Artillery & 20 Waggons loaded with Provisions and Qr Masters Stores, left Tampa
at 8 AM
9th Clear & pleasant. The waggons being unloaded, Col. Freeman & Guard left this
at 8 AM this morning for Tampa Bay, taking with them 24 empty waggons and three
carts, parties still at work at the Block Houses, setting pickets, etc. most of
the logs are upon the 2nd story, a party detailed to pitch a Marque to store
the provisions under the direction of Lt. Wall.
10th Saturday, Warm and pleasant. Commenced covering the Block Houses & having
a large quantity of boards on hand, the roofs were soon completed. Col. Foster
with a Sgt. and 10 men more men left Comp. & made a few shots at a target.
Result 6 out of 10 entitled to an extra gill of liquor. This being the
10th day since we commenced work, the working parties are ordered to continue
on tomorrow at least half a day to enable them to receive their extra pay for
the labor already performed. Col. Foster having given his word that they should
receive extra pay for the services rendered in rebuilding and establishing this

Military Post.

11th Sunday, Warm & pleasant, our Block Houses are covered, the upper stories
requiring some openings to be stopped the is proof against grape
shot, parties setting pickets, havin a sufficient number of board on hand for
the roofs. Saw a cow and a party hunting, verbal order of Col. Foster from the
9th, adding 1/5th to the ration of Bre d and bacon and 1/3 to the sugar and
12th Monday, the weather continues fine, the party before employed in making
boards are now at the pickets, some having timber for the bridge, the
site pitched upon for erecting the bridge across the Hillsborough River is not
more than 25 yards across immediately opposite the Fort, intersecting the old
road where the bridge formerly standing has been destroyed and burnt by the Indians.
Some 150 yards higher up the stream. Commenced laying the floors in the lower
stories. The pickets already up extend from Block to Block on two sides. A large
store house 30 by 22 feet of good sized logs was commenced and is fast going up
under the direction of Lt. Wall & assisting Qr. Master. The men are in good health
and fine spirits (the
at our camp at night and at a distance resembling the Indian yell, or war whoops,
has been a worry to some recruits from the north, though no ways intimidated)
Teams hauling timber for various purposes.
13th Warm & sultry, the wind blowing from the south, flying clouds, with appearance
of rain shortly. From 125 to 150 men are daily employed at the different works
at (12 m) the wind shifted to the southwest and blows in gusts during the after-
noon, at 4 PM the Recall sounded to discontinue work, high winds and some rain
sunset the rain continues and beyond a doubt we shall pass an uncomfortable
night. A wolf trap set, but a hen would be by far preferable. Commenced covering
our store house this day. Sunset our waggons loaded with provisions & corn are
in sight, 25 in number, the guard consisting of about 200 marines & Artillery
with a Howitzer, commanded by Col. Freeman, M. Corps, in person, appear much
fatigued, having been in movement since 2 O'clock this morning. The distance from
this place to Fort Brook or Tampa is at least 24 miles, making a great day's march
for loaded waggons. There is now at this Post at the lowest computation 35,000
rations. The field report of this day is effective 311 rank & file men (Aggregate
14th Wednesday, clear & serene, pleasant fine weather, our store house not being
finished, obliged to pitch another Marque to store the provisions. The Ration
of bread & bacon is of an indifferent quality, many worms in the bread from
age and the bacon rank & stale (Capt. G.W. Allen of the 4th Infty. armed
crossed the Hillsborough and having thrown out a covering party commenced to
opening the road from the site of the bridge to intersect the old road, additional
party detailed to assist at the pickets and Qr Masters works. The carpenter at
work at the gates, the guard occupies Block House No.l. Upon the right the guard
to the waggons & teams are all this day, The Principle Engineer is busi-
ly employed at the works -
15th Thur4sday, Clear, warm & pleasant. Col. Freeman with the Guard and waggons
departed at daylight this morning for Tampa. Maj. McClintock with the most of
three Compys. of Artillery crossed the river & continued at cutting and opening
the Hammock in front of the works. A Sgt. & Corp. from the Infantry obtained
leave to visit Tampa & return with the next convoy. Our store house is now in
situation to receive the supplies. Party by detail at work cutting brush & under-
growth piling & burning, so as have a break into the Hammock opposite the works.
16th Friday, The weather still continues warm. Order No.6 Appointing Capt. Birch
and relieving Capt. Allen in the command of the 2nd Battalion, 4th Infty. com-
posed of companies and a detachment commanded by Capt. P. Morrison of
47 men. The opening made into the Hammock is now pretty extensive, some fine
hard wood cut for the use of the commanding officer & brought across the River.

Some appearance of rain shortly. Special Order No.l Appointing Lt. Ross to
assist at the erection and construction of the bridge. Sawyers cutting timber
for various uses.

17th Saturday morning, damp & chilly, considerable rain having fallen before
daylight this morning, distant heavy thunder. High winds at 10 AM from the North.
The parties still at works, a part of the E. duty men policing around the Pickets
& Block Houses, some wrk done to the floor at Block House No.l. Pioneers and a
party at work on the opposite side of the river, the Pickets completed. Order No.7
The men are directed to discontinue work on tomorrow it being Sunday, they will
be allowed the day for cleaning themselves after having discharged their pieces
and cleaned them at 1 PM. The van Guard appeared in sight followed by 26 waggons
loaded with provisions, escorted by 200 men, Artillery & Marines, commanded by
Col. Miller, with a Six Pounder. Our front gate, a large double one admitting
a waggon team was this day hanged upon its hinges some port holes cut in the
pickets & shutters for pots in the Block Houses made, there has been no idling
of time from the 1st inst. to the present date, out little Fort presents a neat
& clear appearance. The opening of the Hammock has added much to the prospect.
18th Sunday, Chilly & cold, the air very sharp, wind from the north in the fore
part of the day. Assembly at 8 AM to discharge our pieces by companies, under
the direction of Compy officers to report the 1st & 2nd best shots in each com-
pany and the men to receive an extra Gill of liquor. Distance 100 yds, the troops
returned to camp, cleaned their arms and themselves & allowed the day for rest
as also the guard from Tampa with the waggons after storing the provisions in
store house. /the afternoon more pleasant at 3 PM a Six Pounder was taken to
Block House No.l & 3 shots made from one of the ports to see what effect it would
have upon the building, but it did not make the smallest impression from the
report, the echo resounding through the woods along the bank of the river was
beautiful indeed Order No.7 issued, authorizing Capt. P. Morrison, 4th Infty.
in compliance with General Order from the Adj. Genls. Off in to proceed to
Fredericks Summoned to attend Court Enquiry & to turn over his Compy. to
Lt. Prince & obtain receipts for the property belonging to the said Compy -
from sunset until late at night high winds and blustering -
19th Monday, Cloudy The guard & waggons departed at daylight this morning for
Tampa, Capt. P. Morrison accompanied them. Details made early this morning for
crossing the river a few had reached the opposite side when they two
Indians coming down the road, the officers commanding a when it was
discovered to be two friendly Indians by their white bandages around their
turbans, they were express from Fort Armstrong, having left that place last
night & rode within six miles of this place before daylight this morning, a
distance of at least 45 miles, they brought information that 4 negroes and 1
hostile Indian had lately been captured by surprise by
They only made astop to obtain some refreshment for themselves and feed for
their fatigued animals and proceeded to overtake the train & guard that depar-
ted this morning. Our Bridge commenced this morning with a large detail, the
floors of the upper story also men employed at in laying, also timber cut &
sawed for a gun carriage of the truck the carriage being
upon a floor for the recoiling of the gun. Some light showers of rain in the
afternoon, Col. Foster with the Pioneers went out a few miles to repair the
road and took a scout along a Hammock in quest of game, saw 3 deer but did not
succeed in killing any, they were upon a run when discovered. Returned at 4 PM
fatigued and hungry. A Sgt. & Corp. of 4th obtained leave to visit Tampa &
return with the next convoy. Thus in 18 days we have taken from the stump &
erected 2 Block Houses & a fort that one Hundred men would easily defeat 2000
Indians at any time. I think it reflects credit on the commanding officers
situated with so small a command, obliged at all times to guard at all points
& carry out his work reasonably, expecting an attack every hour. The Fort is
now called Fort Foster after the Col. commanding.
20th Tuesday, Cloudy, some rain in the morning. Two regular officers & 2 Indians

arrived who proceeded to Tampa without delay, from Gen. Jessup's camp at 12 last
night and at sunrise this morning two volunteers of the Alabama Corps arrived
Express with such information as induced Col. Foster to send out waggons, the
Act. Adj. Lt. Prince, a Corp. & 4 men immediately to Tampa with advices to
Col. Henderson's Marine Corps of the situation of Gen. Jessup's army & Genl.

assistance. The two officers last spoken of also left for Tampa Bay at the same
time. A large party still employed on both sides of the river at the bridge.
Buttments on each side are up above high water marks. Other party getting the
timber requisite for completing it as speedily as possible. At sunset this
evening the advance guard of the Tenn. Vol. consisting of 30 or 40 horsemen
appeared bearing intelligence that the waggons were but 1 mile off Fort Arm-
strong Dades Battleground provisions for the army. This Col. Foster undoubted-
ly anticipated and has been apprised of by express this morning. The number of
waggons were 25. a guard of Tenn. Vol. whose term of service has expired. They
are about 400 in number, commanded by Lt. Col. McGill of the 2nd Regt. Vol.
It appeared the brigade left Fort Armstrong near Dades battleground on the morning
of the 19th and at their encampment last night in the forks of the Withlanoches
River an express from Gen'l Jessup apprising Genl. Armstrong of discoveries
made by his scouts & requesting the Genl. Armstrong with the 10th Regt. to
turn and meet him at a given point where he should move to cooperate in simul-
taneous attack should the be found Genl. Armstrong according to
Order with Col. Bradford at the head of a part of his own Regt. 10th, and a part
of the 2nd & such volunteers as could be obtained. Separated from the rest of
the bridge & moved this morning to meet Genl. Jessup. The waggons arrived this
evening are now at 8 O'clock lading with all possible dispatch Detail for the
same 2 Sgt. & Corpl. 30 privates. Gen. Orders to be in readiness to march at
daylight in the morning. This is the first intelligence we have received that
could be relied upon of the battles fought on the 17th-18th & 21st Nov. It appears
that the most accurate information gained that the force of the Indians on the
17th did not exceed 300. On the 18th the battle was resumed and lasted for several
hours, there could not have been less says my informant than 700 warrior Indians.
They were charged by regulars and vols., the Regt. commanded by Maj. Pierce in
person who lost 4 killed and several wounded. 3 friendly Indians were killed
and many more wounded. Some vols. wounded from 18 to 20 Indians were found dead
on the entrance of the Hammock as the Indians fled and found no time to remove
their bodies as usually is their practice. On the 21st Jumper separated from
the main body having lost almost his whole force in the 3 engagements, Either
in killed or wounded and proposed to give up as the only means of contending
would be fruitless and unappealing, but Powell would not consent to any such
proposition. All is bustle and every preparation making for an early movement
in the morning. The two Indians that left at 12 last night have now returned
from Tampa 10 O'clock at night horseback. Magazine command within the pickets.
At 12 O'clock last night we were awakened at our camp by the tramping of horse-
men. It appeared that Genl. Armstrong & Col. Bradford in accordance with the
order received from Genl. Jessup express complied went to the place designated
but found no Indians, although their trails were visible from having been there
but a short time before. Genl. Armstrong returned and found the remainder of
his brigade at this place last night.
21st Wednesday, Cludy, a smart shower of rain at daylight, cleared away at 8AM
flying clouds with appearance of unsettled weather. Genl. Armstrong with his
brigade, composed of the 10th & 2nd Regt. Tenn. Vols. left this for Tampa at 7
O'clock this morning. The men and horses fatigued and worn down by hardships
some few of their horses and mules they left with Col. Foster's command, some
fit for service and others broken down and worth nothing mere sceletons ema-
ciated by hunger and fatigue. At 1 PM the wind shifted to the north and the
afternoon was both windy and chilly. Accompanied by light showers at intervals.
The blacksmiths employed with repairing some parts of the waggons the party
continue at the bridge under the direction of Lt. Wall, Actg. Assist., as also
those at the magazine, the party superintended by-Maj. Whiting of the Artillery
arrived at this post this evening with 30 waggons loaded principally with forage

for the army escort consisted of nearly 200 Marines & Artillery and will dis-
charge their loads in the morning. Special Order No.2 The waggons, 25 in number
already loaded with forage & convoy intended for the army now at Ft. Armstrong
to be in readiness to move at daylight. The guard will consist of 3 companies
of the 4th Infty. & Capt. Lyons Compy E, 3rd Arty. meaning 1 gun, a Six Pounder

Col. Foster commanding in person, officers Capt. Lyons, Capt. G.W. Allen, Lieuts.
Reeve & Prince, 4th Infty., Asst. Surgeon Alcadie (on special order), the whole
number not exceeding 180 men.
22nd Thursday Cold & chilly north wind, air very sharp. Left Col. Foster at Hills-
borough River at 7 this morning with 25 waggons loaded principally with forage
and two carts a small 2 horse waggon with officer's baggage & tools. Compy H,
4th Infty. forming the vanguard commanded by 2nd Lt. Reeve. Capt. Lyons, 2nd
Artillery followed his Compy. the field piece. The waggon train then
took its place in the rear of E Capt. Allen with his own compy next & Maj. Birch
off day commanding the rear guard consisting of the det. of 42 men. After crossing
the Hillsborough with much trouble owing to the depth of the water and Bob Banks
on each side we proceeded about 4 miles when we met the advance of Genl.Jessup's
command and himself with the Alabama Vols. about 400 in number, including some
regulars and Marines who acted with them, all mounted and who as well as the
Tenn. that passed yesterday were fatigued, tho their horses were nothing like
as much reduced. These troops were on their way to Tampa to recruit their famished
animals. A short conference took place between the Genl. & Col. Foster, when we
separated they appeared much elated at the idea of rest and reaching the Bay.
We marched this day 19 miles & encamped at Camp Gaines, being the ground on
which Genl. Gaines first threw up breastworks on his march in Feb. of last. We
passed this day several horses that had been left being unable to travel further,
besides the carcasses of others on the road side. The guard furnished by permu-
tation of Compys.
Friday 23 The weather greatly moderated, though the morning might have considered
cold to an inhabitant of Florida. We moved early this morning, the waggons being
drawn out in line some time before sunrise, the advance sounded by the bugler
& Col. Foster with his sword drawn in attempting to mount his by a sudden toss
of her head struck the blade of his sword as he rose into the saddle and he
received a smart contusion in the fall which required medical aid. Speedily our
teams moving at a brisk rate this morning we missed it. Genl. Eustis encamped
at 10 AM having traveled nine miles north with very little halt, we took posses-
sion of the old breastworks which being found 2 too extensive for our little
command. The men commenced removing the logs so as diminish it to a suitable size
to be manned by our number. We have excellent water at this place. After the men
and teams had received something to eat 3 men mounted on good horses and armed
started express to Ft. Armstrong a distance of 15 miles the other side of Big
Withlacooche with intelligence of our arrival and the intention of the command-
ing officer & agreeable to orders to build a Block House & establish a depot
upon the banks of the Withlacooche near this place. We saw this day in our march
the tracks of Indians who were in advance of us & from appearances watching our
movements, most probably they were surprised to see horsemen going our way & the
regulars another at the same time nor should I be accredited by many were I to
tell them that with 180 men Col. Foster with a large train of waggons & with
out breastworks has openly marched out to this place patched his encampment
where 9 months ago 1200 men were moving at snail's pace & momentarily expect-
ing to meet an Indian at every tree. I was in the former campaigns and I may
at least be allowed to judge in some respect of the different movements of dif-
ferent commanders. Col. Foster wrote to Genl Armstead at Fort Armstrong before
mentioned by express to inform him that the forage had arrived at this place &
requesting him to send his teams for 500 bushels of corn, also requested him
to send some fresh beef for the use of the troops at this place. The express
returned at past 12 last night and informed Col. Foster that Gen. Armstead
had not the supposed means of transportation & being informed of the weakness
of this camp tendered the services of Lt. H. Lee, 1st Regt. Arty. together
with 50 friendly Indians to protect the transportation of such quantity of corn

as Col. Foster might forward to him. Accordingly 4 waggons were made ready to
move in the morning. Some further work done at the breastworks in raising it
still higher and stop the openings between the logs.


Saturday 24th Pleasant agreeable weather. Before daylight the waggons inten-
ded to return to Hillsboroguh were ready to move. The guard consisted of 25 men
from Compy.H, 4th, commanded by Lt. Reeve, 4th Infty. with a waggon master in
compy. and 20 waggons. Col. Foster wrote to Genl. Jessup for to send him 100 men
in addition to the 4 parts of Compys. now at this place and to Maj.McClintock
commanding at Fort Foster to send him tools, camp & garrison equipment with the
frist train, as also provisions at the same time, having but 3 days rations on
hand. A little after sunrise we commenced taking the corn across the Withlacooche
River a few yards above where the bridge had been burnt & destroyed & although
the water was lower than is common at this season we could only take six sacks
at a time & in the following manner, the body of the waggons being taken off
some slender posts cut and laid upon the bed of the waggon and firmly lashed,-
six sacks placed upon the posts & bound down the entered the ford the steep
banks & Iron bound shores on both sides rendered difficult but the rocky
bottom together with the holes was still more difficult to be surmounted. In
some places the water was quite shallow and in one step it falls to the depth
of 2 or 3 feet, requiring the the greatest precaution on the part of the driver
to enable his horses to keep their feet in this way by unloading and returning
alternately they were able by 10 AM to cross 66 sacks or 123 bushels. The mule
train was to be prepared as a mule is by no means as easily startled by mire
or mud or water as a horse. The waggons then crossed and being reloaded waited
the arrival of the guard, at 1 PM Lt. Lee of the 1st Arty. arrived with the 50
friendly Indians as a guard after a short stay at our camp he set out from
Fort Armstrong, informing us that a party was left at the little Whithlacooche
to repair the bridge at that place distant 7 miles from here & 15 to 21 at Arm-
Christmas Sunday 25th Nothing could have been more favorable than the late con-
tinuance of day, agreeable weather without at this time & in a Southern
climate. Should we have wet weather sickness would inevitably follow, we are
much in want of tools and are waiting with anxious expectations their arrival
knowing the work that is & must be done at this place & for our own protection
every man will cheerfully engage in the labor. Some pine logs were put on the
top of our breastworks this morning and the balance of the day the men were
allowed to themselves. Some engaged in washing their clothes, others gunning &
fishing, the day being both warm and pleasant those engaged in fishing were
handsomely compensated for their trouble, catching fine strings of Perch & Bass
out of the Withlacooche. This river abounds with a variety of excellent pan fish,
exceeding the Hillsborough or most rivers of its bigness for abundance of fish
in Florida. At 3 PM the 4 waggons that had been sent to Genl. Armstead at Fort
Armstrong with forage returned, guided by the friendly Indians & shortly after
arrival 2 white men in Lt. Boyd of the & a man by the name of Beck,
who went with Genl. Jessup as a guide to the Jim Boy a and some
8 or 10 warriors having been sent on a scout and returning, came by
this way Col. Foster gave them corn for their horses & to take with them.After
a short rest they left for Ft. Armstrong, the guard of Indians encamped a short
distance from here for the night.
Monday 26th The weather still continues equally good. Capt. G.W. Allen of the
4th Infty with a detail of men and teams commenced cutting and hauling timber
for erecting a bridge across the Withlacooche and those accustomed to
preparing the timber for the same tho buttments of the old bridge
on both sides appear sound and firm. Which if found to answer will greatly re-
duce the labor. At 2 PM 2 Indians on horseback arrived, bringing dispatches from
Genl. Jessup and giving information of our waggons and troops destined for this
place, being a short distance from here, they proceed to Ft. Armstrong. An order
from Genl. Jessup to Col. Foster to commence building in a similar manner as he

had already done at the Hillsborough & fortify the place so as it might be made
a depot forprovisions as expeditiously as possible. At 4 PM the waggons appeared
in sigit wiFin was a welcome receptacle to men who had eaten their last morsels.

There was 37 waggons & 6 carts (Lt. Reeve & Compy. returned) with provisions &
forage, accompanied by 100 Marines, Artllery(& Alabama Vol. 40 mounted). The
Volunteers performing the duty of By this convoy we had received
12000 Pounds bread & bacon & other parts of the ration in proportion, our tools
& other necessaries required in building had arrived. Besides the means of
transportation we have in the waggons there is 110 pack horses sent to this place.
Every appearance in the past of the commanding officer & those designated to
superintend the work indicates a fierce determination of perseverance. The fort
when erected is to be called after the much lamented and fallen Maj. Dade who
was inhumanely massacred on the 28th Dec. last 15 miles from this i place with
110 men on his march to Fort King being only 35 miles distant at the time when
he was surprised ay an ambuscade of a body of 6 or 700 Indians, the battle, if
so it may be called, was commenced at 8 AM & although the Indians were so numerous
continued until 2 PM before the little band was entirely destroyed. They forced
or rather beat them off at one time and attempted to raise a breastworks but the
attack was renewed with horrible yells of savages who with their deadly rifles
continued to single out their marks until all were cut off with the exception
of 2 men who lay among the dead wounded and were supposed by the Indians as
The 110 pack horses mentioned before were each loaded with 4 bushels of corn;
each muleteer having charge of 3 pack. Theywill leave one half of the grain
at this place & cos. The whole convoy intends proceeding in the morning to Ft.
Armstrong with the balance & all the horses (Cloudy and some rain at dark, some
light showers during the night.) A party employed making boards for the roofs.
Tuesday 27th Cloudy and rainy appearance of long rainy storms. Col.Freeman at
daylight this morning prepared to move with the pack horses, he took with him
the mounted Vol., 40 in number & about 40 or 50 Marines as a guard. The packs
are secured by covers of tarpaulin & the most of the Artillery remain here.
Lt. P. Reeve in addition to his other duties to perform that of Qrm & AG Sub
to the detachment. A party detail to pitch 2 large hospital tents to prevent
the corn from being wet. The bacon & bread waggons commenced unloading at 9 AM
The rain ceasing considerably. Capt. Allen selecting the different: kinds of
tools necessary to carry on the work, also the sawyers detail to commence cut-
ting the timber for the bridge. Maj. Birch having erected a saw pit yesterday
in the afternoon. Our tents received and the compys. busily engaged in pitching
them under the direction of company officers. The ammunition waggon placed under
the direction of Capt. Lyons, 3rd Arty. Cleared away at 11 AM, in consideration
of the rain this morning & many of the tools requiring to be sharpened and some
bands to augurs axes saws etc., most of the day was devoted in putting every-
thing in order for a thorough commencement upon the work early in the morning.
At sunset this evening there arrived at our camp 98 men including the officers,
they consisted of Compy.E, 2nd Arty. & some of Artillery Col. Foster had requested
Gen. Jessup to send him some men. The Genl. directed them to be drawn from Genl.
Armstead's command to assist in the contemplated building at this place, 6 or 8
Indians in company with the new forces- Encamped our river breastworks.
Wednesday 28th Clear & serene, a lighb' frost last night. The troops arrived
last night moved within the works this morning. Capt. Allen with his party en-
gaged in getting the timber for the bridge at 4 PM. Jim Boy and 60 of his warriors
arrived, bringing 101 head of horned cattle, these they found about 20 miles
below this place, not far from this side of the Withlacooche, several fine milk
Cows with calves and in fine order. On their arrival 5 were slaughtered for the
use of th troops at this post. The remainder was saved. Fresh beef to us is
not only a rarity but a luxury, having been so long upon provisions. Col. Free-
man returned this evening with the pack horses and guard from Ft. Armstrong,
they remain here for the night when he will progress to Tampa with the waggons

which have been discharging today. The compensation Allowed the Indians for
hunting and gathering cattle being paid at 5 Dolls, for head, they consequently

received an order upon the Qrmaster for 505 Dolls, as a reward for their ser-
vices, this agreement it is understood between the Genl. Comdg. & Jim Boy, a
Chief. The Indians encamped under cover of our breastworks near to a natural
pond. This pond forming a curious basin by which we are supplied with water
is unfathomable there has been a tin of fathoms thrown but no bottom found,
most probably it is fed by a subterraneous passage, the water rises and falls
with the river distant 400 yards.
Thursday, 29th Clear, pleasant weather for deer, sharp frost. Some ice on the
banks of the river near the waters edge. A party detailed to put up a pen
suitable to receive those cows that give milk near to the breastworks so as to
separate them from the rest of the heards. I observe among the cattle different
brands & marks & beyond a doubt they have been stolen from different planters
& inhabitants of Florida. We separated six cows with the youngest calves to
obtain milk. The sawyers cutting timber for the bridge. The mud sills & braces
of those standing in the stream were not destroyed by the burning of the hand
rail (the caps & covering of the bridge are totally destroyed by fire.) Capt.
Allen's party consists of 25 men among whom are good mechanics and artisans.
A party detailed to clear off the ground intended for building on & staked, Lt
Prince Chief Engineer superintending. It is about forty paces from the bridge
to where the fort will be. erected Some opening made on the other side of the
river to enable us to have a raking shot should it be necessary. Col. Freeman
left early this morning, taking with him the guard, 39 waggons, 6 carts & pack-
horses, his next return is anticipated this day week Thursday. Fresh beef was
served out to us today our men are generally in good health & spirits. Doc.
Alcadie of the Marine Corps returned to Tampa. Relieved by Doctor Turtel who
has been physician & Assist. Surgeon to the Indians. is ordered to report
to this post. Jim Boy and his 60 warriors left this at 12 for Ft. Armstrong -
at 7 O'clock this evening whilst the men were sitting around their fires the
report of a rifle shot by an Indian was heard at a short distance outside the
chain of sentinels & shortly after was repeated. By a move to the
left the men immediately fell out under arms with the most profound stillness
repaired to the breastworks & waited the arrival of the Red Skins with seeming
pleasure. The guard was increased & the officer of the day, Maj. Birch made a
visit to the chain. Beyond a doubt there were only a few stragglers who would
endeavor to regain the cattle, in this they were mistaken for I assure you we
have not the smallest idea of relinguishing their claim for fresh meat in
possession without first exchanging a few shots by way of trial.
Friday 30th Cool & clear, frost last night. Parties continue at different work
The bridge is fast going up, The ground designated for erecting the buildings
being thoroughly prepared, Maj. Birch of the 4th commenced throwing up a breast
to inter the Block houses & carry up the same at once. A breastworks
being assumed sufficient together with the Block houses, as we have no time to
spare farther than to render the place secure against an attack from Indians.
Jim Boy the Chief spoken of yesterday that left our ecnzxmrfehnt for Ft. Armstrong
returned at 1 PM today on his way to Tampa, he had in Compy. 2 Indians & a
negro man interpreter who speaks good English & the Indian tongue, a native of
Florida, says he was born on Pease Creek, their horses being fed they proceeded
& will tarry tonight at Ft. Foster, 28 miles from here.
Saturday 31st Clear and warm. The weather continues dry & agreeable. The different
parties are employed at the works. Some more teams required & furnished in
hauling timber for the block houses & breastworks. The 6 store rooms built in
such a manner as to form a part of two sides, 3 on the East & 3 on the North
sides are 20 feet each, making abundance of room for large quantities of stores
contemplated in being deposited at this post. Some plank hauled for the covering
of the bridge from the saw pits. This being the 31st day and last day of the

year the muster rolls are required to be in readiness upon the beating of retreat
when the assembly will be beat for muster. Some of the men have 4 months pay due
them, others but 2. The day has passed away agreeably and the work is fast pro-
gressing. A few planks laid upon the bridge.

Sunday, January 1,1837 This being Sunday & New Years Day the men will be
allowed the day for rest after having discharged and cleaned their arms. The
troops are both healthy and cheerful & I do not hesitate in saying would easily
defeat treble their number on any Indian force that could be brought against
them. No one would hardly picture to themselves what delightful weather the
climate of Florida affords during the winter months, vegetation springing up
& putting forth throughout the winter. The Rainy Season as it is called, com-
mences about the 1st of July & hardly a day passes until some time in Sept. with-
out some rain. The swamps & in places a whole vast plain is completely innundated.
This is followed with a long and remarkable spell of dry weather. The soil gener-
ally sandy, interspersed with a loam. Timber mostly pine, rich bodies of land
in places, composed of hammocks with live oak, water oak, hickory etc., denoting
rich deep soil, the water generally good, abundance of'Fish, both in the rivers
and bays of various kinds oysters & clams of the best quality are obtained
with little trouble, extensive fisheries will undoubtedly be established in very
short time upon the sea coast a ready market will always be found at Havana for
fish, tuttle & oysters, to those engaged in this trade-
There is one disadvantage attending our building upon the Withlacooche that we
did not experience at Ft. Foster vizi Hillsborough. Good timber is not only scarce
but scattering. The growth near the river on this side being a mixture of scrub
oaks & pine, consequently the pine is neither straight tall & lofty as where it
grows by itself. At sunset this evening 2 Indians arrived express from Tampa to
Ft. Armstrong bringing dispatches for this place by which we learn the anxiety
of the Genl. to have this place completed as speedily as possible, also that a
convoy is upon the road & may probably be expected by the inst.
The express made just a short stay & proceeded to Ft. Armstrong Intelligence
of 117 recruits destined for this place to be attached to the 4th Infty. on their
route from B. Island .
Monday, Jany.2nd,1837. Cloudy & rain before daylight, the morning damp & wet.
Cleared away at 10 AM with high winds from the north. Parties out at work. The
Pioneers at 12 PM ordered to assist in carrying up the works. Capt. Allen &
party continues at the bridge. They commenced this day in covering it, putting
up the handrail etc. A white man by the name of Buck arrived this afternoon
from Ft. Armstrong, having a pack pony taken from the Indians for Col. Foster.
The price was $40, after receiving the pay for the creature he returned late in
the evening unarmed & apparently without any cause or apprehension of being
interrupted in his journey.-
Tuesday, Jany.3rd,1837. The weather is both clear and cold. Last night was by
far the coldest we have experienced this winter the ice was to be seen in some
places more than inch in thickness, which is an uncommon thing in this part
of Florida, snow being a thing unknown to persons born here and arrived to years
of maturity. Our progress in work today was beyond our expectations, each man
exerted himself to forward the work and I have now witnessed more done by any
set of men of the same number than this command performed today. The bridge is
rapidly going ahead, the Block houses Brestwork, etc. Jim Boy arrived from
Tampa at 7 this evening, bearing dispatches to the commanding officer & infor-
mation of the Genls. intention to march on tomorrow of the 6th & 3rd Regt.
Order No.l Col. Foster assumes command of the detachment Army of the South by
virtue of Gen. Order No.
The troops directed to be in readiness to march tomorrow at daylight in the
morning, Order of March in three columns. Capt. G.W.Alien with his own compy.
forming the advance guards, Bvt.Maj. McClintock, 3rd Arty. with Company D, E
& G the right column, Capt. P. Morrison, 4th Infty. Compy. & a detachment
of 48 men, recruits the left column, Capt. E. Lyons of the 3rd Arty. with his
Compy & the Six Pounder the center column, followed by the baggage train &

muleteers. The Washington City Volunteers consisting of one compy. commanded
by Lt. Irvin formjng the rear guard Left Tampa Bay at 7 AM.

A short conference took place between the Genl. & Col. Foster.
The 6th & 3rd Regt. are said to be on their way to Florida. Jim Boy will tarry
at this place for the night, he has his negro interpreter & 4 Indians in compy.-
Wednesday, Jany.4th, Clear & cold, frost last night, though not so severe as
yesterday. Parties still at the Works, Jim Boy & his men left this at 12 PM for
Ft. Armstrong, purchased a rifle gun from one of our soldiers at $17-
The bridge completed, it is 120 feet in length, with stout strong hand railing
& finished in a workmanlike manner The party employed in making boards relieved
from this duty & at work upon the Block Houses. The afternoon windy & flying
clouds, indicating rain shortly. Sunset the wind ceased and commenced raining.
Order No.10 issued, requiring the command to be furnished with 40 rounds of
ammunition. Each to receive 5 days rations & hold themselves in readiness to
march on the arrival of Genl. Jessup, who is expected at this place on tomorrow.
The men at work heretofore on the bridge directed to assist at the Block Houses,
store house, etc.
Circular of the commanding officer in which he returns his thanks to the several
officers individually on their attention, diligence & perseverance whilst employed
in building Ft. Foster & Ft. Dade in addition to the duties rendered in the line.
Thursday Jany.5th The sun rose clear soon after clouds appearing from the west,
warm & sultry at 11 AM showers, obliged to stop.the teams & work. Lieut. Lee
of the 3rd Arty. & Doctr. Triplett arrived at 12 m, Lt. Tufts, 4th Arty. arrived
direct from Ft. Armstrong on horseback, he has 3 Indians in Compy. & an Indian
youth, a nephew of Paddy apparently not more than 16 years of age, they
all returned in the afternoon taking turns with the Indians. The force at work
on the Block houses, store rooms etc. being considerably augmented today, they
will shortly complete the buildings if the weather permits. Sunset cloudy &
sprinkling rain the night was uncommonly dark & but for the fires the sentinels
would hardly been able to discover objects at a distance of 10 paces. These fires
are built at a distance of 150 to 200 yards around the encampment by each compy.
& lighted up after dark, which enables the sentinels in discovering any object
coming between them and the fires, it certainly is of great importance against
a surprise -
Friday, Jany.6th, cloudy & cool, fine weather. Our waggons have not yet arrived,
nor have we any intelligence either from them or Genl. Jessup as to the cause
of the delay. Two days have elapsed since they were expected & most probably
they have halted at Ft. Foster or after having discharged their loading, re-
turned to Tampa for another. Our buildings are going up with every possible
attention. At 9 AM Lt. Leonard of 2nd Arty. with the van guard appeared in
sight with one compy. marines mounted, the Genl. also in compy. The baggage train
consisted of 76 waggons & 5 carts loaded. They halted in front of our encampment
to make necessary preparations for crossing the bridge. The mounted men are in
number -
Saturday, Jan.7th The men still employed in erecting block houses.
Sunday, Jan 8th At 8 PM the teams arrived with provisions from Ft. Foster
Monday, Jan.9th, At 8 AM the teams left here for Tampa Bay.
Tuesday, Jan.lOth, At 8 PM the Georgia Volunteers arrived from Ft. Armstrong,
not until 9 O'clock AM on the llth
Wednesday, Jan.llth Our force consisting of Companies H & K, 4th Infy., Capt.
Lyons' Compy. of the 3rd Arty. and the Georgia mounted Volunteers, about 160
in number, left Ft. Dade at 8 AM, and at 3 PM encamped on the spot where Genl.
Clinch lost his sword.
Thursday, Jan.12th, Commenced our march at 6 AM, at noon we met a few friendly
Indians. Arrived at Ft. Cooper at 2 PM, where we met the Col. with a drove of
cattle -
Friday, Jan.13th Left Ft. Cooper at 9 AM and at 3 PM encamped on the banks of

the Withlacooche opposite Camp,Izard Rainy & cloudy
Saturday, Jany.14th, Left camp at sunrise, arrived within 3 miles of Ft. Clinch
at 5 PM.

1 //

Sunday, Jany.15th Proceeded to Ft. Clinch and encamped on the south side of the
river Order No. 2 published Those companies of the 4th Regiment forming part
of the garrison of Ft. Clinch crossed the river and joined our detachment the
whole of the 4th Regt. with the exception of Compy.F is on active service in
Florida Maj. Wilson commands the 4th, Capt. Lyon the artillery & Maj. Nelson
the Georgia Volunteers. Lieut. Myers
Monday, Jany.16th, Left Camp Wilson at sunrise and after a long march encamped
at Ft. Nelson.
Tuesday, Jany.17th, Commenced our march at sunrise and encamped after travelling
about 5 miles Order No.3 published This evening Compys. H & K, 4th Infty.,
the Georgia horsemen and Jim Boy with about 20 friendly Indians left Camp Lyon
in search of a party of hostiles, said to be in the vicinity of this place -
The Seminole prisoner acting as guide after encountering the greatest diffi-
culty in passing rivers, creeks & swamps, the party returned unsuccessful, but
with a knowledge of there having been Indians there The party did not return
until 4 AM. Commenced raining at 12 at night.
Wednesday, Jany.18th, Order No.4 published today. Rain stopped at 10 AM At
12 O'clock today one company of Georgia horsemen and a party of friendly Indians
were detached pursuant to the above order as a scouting party, each taking
different roads. The had not been gone over an hour, when the report of 5 muskets
were heard in camp and we were gratified to find that the Georgians had dis-
covered and shot 2 of the hostiles. Their bodies were conveyed to our camp in
a cart and were buried in separate graves, previous to which, however, the
elder of the two was scalped by one of the Creeks. Their guns were secured,
together with a large quantity of fresh beef & three good ponies. The elder
warrior who was scalped by the Creeks, was armed with the gun carried on the
3rd day of the battles near the Wahoo Swamp by Moniac's son, who was killed -
It was a patent rifle (Stall's) and said to be marked with yound Moniac's name
Thursday, Jany.19th, Three teams escorted by 12 Regulars & 20 Indians under
Lieut. Reeve, started for Ft. Clinch to convey rations and forage to this place.
At 8 O'clock Col. Foster with the Pioneer Compy.H, 4th Infty, Capt. Lyon's compy.
of Artillery with a howitzer and Jim Boy with 47 of his tribe marched in search
of the hostiles before mentioned. On moving at the Hammock half of Compy.H
with Capt. Lyon's Company were left to guard its entrance, and to attack and
capture any Indians who might endeavor to escape from the swamp. Major Wilson
with Companies B, G, D, E, 4th Infty. and half of the Georgia Cavalry took a
different route for the purpose of ascertaining if there were any trail leading
into the Hammock from the North, and of capturing any Indians whom they might
meet The remaining half of the Georgia Cavalry preceded Col.F6ster's command,
skirting the swamp on the southeast and south. Compy.K, 4th Infty. remained in
camp the whole day In marching through the swamp we frequently halted whilst
the Pioneers were felling trees across the numerous streams which intersect the
trail At 3 PM we arrived at a stream, the water of which was brackish that
the Gulf of Mexico could not have been more than 3 or 4 miles due west from that
point There we halted, expecting the return of Jim Boy and his party, who with
the Seminole captive, had been deputed by Col. Foster to proceed to the Indian
village and confer with the hostiles, but he not having rejoined us at the time
appointed by Col. Foster, we retraced our steps after awaiting until sundown.
On emerging from the swamp a guard of 1 Corporal and 6 men was left to take charge
of the Indians, horses and baggage There we were rejoined by the Georgia Cavalry
Shortly after our arrival in camp we received information that Jim Boy had cap-
tured 9 negroes and 12 sqaws and children, 21 in all They were shortly after-
wards brought before the commanding officer and there was nothing in their appearance
indicative of uneasiness or apprehension. They were immediately supplied with
rations and the Seminole who acted as guide was furnished by Col. Foster with a

blanket and several articles of clothing His wife and child were among the cap-
tured. One of the prisoners (a negro woman) informed us that there were 3 witnesses
of the affair mentioned in the journal of yesterday's date and that 100 hostiles

had that morning left the swamp as a scouting party During the day the Georgians
captured 5 Indian ponies and one horse -
Friday, Jany.2Oth, This morning one company of Georgia Volunteers were sent to
meet the teams on their way from Ft. Clinch, another company of the same Corps
were detached to reconnoiter the teams arrived from Ft. Clinch at 1 PM Rain
from 5 PM until early the next day with a very high wind from the SW
Saturday, Jany.21st, Left Camp Lyon at daylight for Tampa Bay On our search
we passed through 2 Indian villages, one situated on the edge of a Hammock and
the other in a PineWarren We marched 15 or 16 miles and encamped at about
past 4 or 5 O'clock Today the Georgians captured 2 ponies and a horse water
rather scarce in this part of the Country The Creeks also captured 12 ponies,
3 horses and 2 mules. Order No.5 published this evening.
Sunday, Jany.22nd Owing to the scarcity of forage in camp, Maj. Nelson with his
command left Camp Allen at dawn of day for Ft. Brooke Having no horsemen in
advance, the Pioneers performed the duty of an advanced guard, and an order was
given that they should not be allowed to straggle Shortly afterwards the de-
tachment resumed their march for the same place, and at 9 O'clock the advance
struck the main trail made by the Army under Genl. Scott on his march from Ft.
Drane to Tampa Bay last spring, and a point of 5 miles to the south of Col.
Lindsay's encampment three quarters of an hour elapsed before the main body
of the Army entered the trail Marched 17 miles through a section of country
abounding with ponds of water and encamped at 4 O'clock in the afternoon Today
the Creeks captured 11 head of cattle and one horse.
Monday Jany.23rd, Resumed our march from Camp at daylight The report of two
rifles having been heard in the vicinity of the camp, the advanced guard was
strengthened by the addition of a Sergeant & Privates we marched about 15
miles and encamped at past four o'clock Two men who had been left in rear
rejoined us at sunset -
Tuesday, Jany.24th, Left Camp Myers half an hour after sunrise arrived at Ft.
Brooke Tampa Bay at 10 O'clock AM
25, 26, 27 Jany.

Operation of the Left Wing Army of Florida Continued

The Operation of the Left Wing of the this Army under Lt. Col. Foster, 4th
Infty. in Florida in the winter of 1837 ceased on the 24th of Jany. &
recommended again on the 28th of the above month. The report and journal of the
1st Period from the 11th to the 24th of January, 14 days has been transmitted
to the Head Quarter of the Army it is due to that wing of the Army of Florida
that the report & journal of the 2nd & last part of its operation from the
28th of Jany. to the 12th of Feby. 1837 should also be present in the archives
of the War Department. 16. days, on the 19th of Feby. the Infantry & Artillery
of that wing in conformity to orders took up a position on the south bank of the
about six miles from Fort Clinch (from which before the troops
drew provisions & forage), there to await the events which might follow the
of hostility. -
24th, Jany.1837. The troops left Camp Myer half an hour after sunrise & arrived
at the south bank of the Hillsborough River opposite Fort Brooke (Tampa Bay) at
10 O'clock AM after marching 5 miles before Lt. Col. Foster dismounted from his
horse. He received orders from Maj. General Jessup, commander-in-chief, not
only to continue his operation, but confering upon him the power of sending
flags of truce & of offering terms of peace & protection to the Indians. The
troops (Artillery & Infantry) were immediately countermarched & took up a
position a mile north of the Hillsborough, where they halted the remainder of
the 24th & on the 25, 26, & 27 of Jany. under the commander of Maj. Wilson of
the 4th Infty., Maj. Nelson with his command of Georgia Horsemen (24 hours be-
fore had crossed the Hillsborough & took up a position on the south bank of the
river, where he remained, both companies busily employed in preparation for the
renewal of the campaign by sea & by land. On passing the river to the Tampa
side, good fortune procured for the service a meeting on the south bank at the
moment of landing between Col. Foster & Lt.J6hnsston of the Navy, who became
the bearer of a verbal message from Col. Foster to Commodore Dallas, then in
command of the naval force on the Florida coast, asking the
of the steam boat American and her crew (forty strong), commanded by Lt. John-
stonduring the expedition contemplated by Col. Foster. A verbal message was sent
the commodore because no means of writing were at hand & because it was
raining fast & both officers were wrapped in their greatcoats on the bank of
the river. Commodore Dallas answered on the same evening in the following
decided frank & soldierly manner so worthy of him and of that Arm of our
National Service of which he is an ornament -
"U.S. Ship Concord"
"Tampa Bay, 24th Jany.1837"
Lieut. Johnston has informed me that you desire the Steam Boat
under his charge to transport a body of troops & with the men under his command
meet you at some point on a stream known as Clear Water River, for the purpose
of making a joint attack upon a body of Indians, said to be on its
Lt. Johnston has in consequence received orders to prepare his boat for that
purpose & will be ready in a day or two to act in any manner you may think
will tend to a successful result."
I am very respectfully
Your obt. serv.
A. I. Dallas
To Col. Foster
4th Infty.
Fort Brooke

To carry into execution the form of campaign laid down by Lt. Col. Foster,
the order of the day of the 27th of Jany., after giving the necessary directions
to the different corps of troops, Horse, Artillery & Infantry & designating the
point about 10 miles north of the Hillsborough, where the Gorgia Horse were to
form a junction with the Arty. & Infty. the following combination with the troops
& sailors by sea & the troops by landing were ordered & four of the 6 or more
inds of boats which were then finished (by Genl. Jessup's Orders) at Tampa Bay,
were taken & with Capt. Allen's company, the 4th Infy., 60 strong were directed
to accompany the steam boat American, Lt. Johnston of the Navy commanding, crew
40 sailors told total force on the water 100, Agg.11O. The India rubber boat had
a in the possession of Capt. Lyons & will be a good
travelling forge. The boat formed the cover (while on the march) of our ammu-
nition wagon and remained with the main body.
"Head Quarters Left Wing"
"Extract of Order No.11" "Army of Florida"
"Fort Brooke, 27th"
1st At 8 O'clock on the night of the 1st of February Col. Foster will throw up
a rocket which will be answered by another from the "American" at the mouth of
the River "Wewakiikah". Should the signal from the American be seen by Col.
Foster, he will throw up a second rocket.
2d The troops & seamen will land from the American on the morning of the 2nd
of February & proceed up the River while a detachment from the land will be
pressing down the river & will also occupy the north & south sides of the
Hammock on its bank and will guard the trail on its entrance. Troops will act
according to circumstances.
3rd Should any of the hostiles come in to trade (with a flag), Lt. Johnston
will inform Col. Foster by firing two guns.
4th Should junction fail to take place on the Wewa-Kiikah Col Foster will
send down the from Fort Clinch by the steam boat there
Cadwell or Capt. Allen must cross the river to the camp opposite the Fort on the
6th of February or until he shall communicate with Col. Foster. -
Signed Wm. Foster, Lt. Col. Commdg.

Thus prepared at all points & on all sides, exulting in imminent success, confident
in & elated with future hope, this little body of men left Tampa Bay
at 3 O'clock in the afternoon of the 20th of January, 1837.
Saturday, Jany28th. Col. Foster with companies A, B, C, D, E, G, H & I & a
detachment of 54 recruits of the 4th Infty & Capt. Lyons company of Artillery,
3rd Regt. left the encampment opposite Fort Brooke Tampa Bay at 3 )'clock PM
today, marched 6 miles during which 12 heads of cattle were captured & encamped
at sunset. Capt. Allen's company, 4th Infty. 60 strong embarked on the steam
boat American, commanded by Lt. Johnston US Navy, detached to cooperate with
Col. Foster, crew 40 strong. Left Tampa on the 29th inst. Camp Scott.-
Sunday Jany.29th Heavy rain from 5 )'clock yesterday evening until 1 O'clock
this morning. Left Camp Scott at daylight & after marching 3 miles formed a
junction in a heavy rain with the Georgia mounted volunteers (continued our
march 6 miles further, when during to the weather Col. Foster encamped at the
"big Pond" at 11 O'clock AM, this was the site of one of Genl. Scott's encamp-
ments in April 1836, much satisfaction was exhibited by the troops at this
junction, which was wholly unexoected by the men, as the two companies had been
separated since the 22 instant on their former march to Tampa Bay, a period of
eight days, during which they had encamped several miles from each other, with
the Hillsborough River between them Field Report this day main body on land
394 Horse, Artillery & Infantry, on the Gulf 60 Infantry, 40 sailors 100 -

Aggregate 110- Grande Aggregate combined force "505" "Camp Barker".

Monday, January 30. Left Camp Barker at daylight this morning the line of
march rendered almost impassable by the rains. Marched 17 miles & encamped at
half past 3 O'clock in the afternoon a short distance above the junction of
Col. Foster's trail from Fort Clinch & that of Genl. Scott from Fort in
1836. Ten head of cattle were captured today. Immediately after encamping we
experienced a very heavy shower of rain, accompanied by an unusually high wind,
during the day we made two halts only, one to allow the driving up of the
cattle about 15 minutes & the other for rest of an hour. 1 horse & 3 ponies were
captured by the Georgians, this evening it was ascertained that "Sally's" hus-
band (the niece of Cloud), one of the 4 prisoners taken back with us on our
march from Tampa Bay) was named "t & that he with Cloud & other
warriors had gone on a few days before we took the 21 prisoners to "Fopkilika" -
Prisoner taken with the Left Wing; on its return march to renew its operation
1. Sonsnoga, Seminole warrior
2. Anvil, Negro interpreter
3. Sally, Squaw, niece of Cloud
4 Elind, no relation of Cloud

Camp Grant
Tuesday, Jany.31. Left Camp Grant at 10 minutes past 7 O'clock in the morning
& set out 5 minutes to 10 O'clock. We passed Camp Allen, the place where the
Georgians left us on our march to Tampa. When we arrived at the Indian village
occupied before the war by the chiefs "Gittlehajo & Tustaneehajo", said to be-
long to "Black-Dirt's" tribe who emigrated in 1836 the troops halted there at
11 O'clock & encamped in around a pond, which during the
peculiar situation of the country & pond was the strongest position against
Indians which could have been taken up Three companies of horsemen under Maj.
Nelson were sent out to reconnoiter, capture cattle & a whole distance of about
9 miles. The remainder of the troops were employed during this day in washing,
shaving & burning this day two villages as were formerly belonging to a chief
of the Black Dirt tribe, because it was discovered that they had been inhabited
during the Summer of 1836 by hostile Indians & to prevent its recurrence. An
Indian warrior on horseback was discovered by Maj. Nelson's command while on
the duty assigned them this day, pursuit was instantly commenced, but the Indian
after a hard run escaped into the sothend of the Hammock, with his
rifle, abandoning his pony, pack saddle, halter etc., which were taken by the
Georgians, so close was the pursuit. Camp "Bishop" -
Wednesday, Feby.1,1837. Left Camp Bishop half an hour after sunrise & at half
past ten O'clock morning we passed through the village formerly occupied by the
Chief Fewafsee Mattla, which was destroyed for reasons similar to those given
in yesterday's journal for the destruction of the villages then mentioned after
which the march was continued through a country entirely destitute of water -
until half past 2 O'clock PM when we encamped on the round pond opposite the
"Sonssa-a-hoachka" Hammock (on the banks of the River of that name) distance
marched today 15 miles. This evening "three rockets" were thrown up by Capt.
Lyon at 8 O'clock (in conformity to Order No. dated Fort Brooke from Tampa Bay
Jany.27th,1837) These rockets were the signals agreed upon in the above order
between the Army on the land & the detachment on the water of the Gulf, comman-
ded by Capt. Allen, 4th Infy. & Lt. Johnston of the Navy. The first rocket not
bein up the two latter rockets ranged admirably & traversed the great distance
before they burst high in the air, they were thrown from a pine tree on a fine
rise of ground a quarter of a mile from the camp, at the moment of firing of
the first rocket all were profoundly silent, the men having laid
on the ground around their bivouac fires, weary with their long march & in-

cessant duty in an instant all was life, yet although every one started from
the spot of ground on which he had hoped to pass the night in peace & quiet, the
habitual silence of this wing of the Army was strictly observed & with upturned
faces they watched the ascention of the two last rockets from the hill, the
camp, the fires, them men & their upward gaze was a beautiful sight & would have

been grand had the troops been 100.000 instead of 400 tired men the signals
were not replied to or a communication did not take place until the return of
the two Compys. the 8th instant & any signals were fired and will be mentioned
again in the Journal. We will here say that although the steam boat American
got on the ground in coming out of Tampa Bay on the 29th of Jany. & remained
"aground" for five days & that consequently the combination appointed for the
night of the 1st of Feby. failed, yet it was fortunate that it did so as we
were mistaken as to the situation of the "Wewa-Kyiikah" or Clear Crystal River
the main force was opposite to & would have been pressing down the "Sasson-a-
hoachkah" on Pumpkin Patch River on the land side while Capt. Allen & Lt. John-
ston on the water side would have been pushing up the "Wewa-Kyiikah" 40 miles
from each other, great delay would have ensued. This would have occurred because
the country in which the Left Wing was operating, was (on the route that wing
took from the Onthlachoci) entirely unknown, no guides accompanied the troops,
none could be obtained, it was not known that any streams of magnitude entered
the Gulf between the Onthlachocie & Tampa Bay on the march of the Wing from Fort
Clinch on that River to Tampa Bay a few days before we had discovered & made a
night operation upon what we then supposed to be the "We-wa-ki-a-kah" or Crystal
River, but which proved to be the "Sassaa-hoach-kah" or Pumpkin Patch River &
finally appeared that four large streams, about 20 miles long, entered the Gulf
between the "Quittlachocie" & Tampa Bay, the troops were on the banks of three
of them, none of which were less than one hundred yards in width.
The following order was issued to the troops in the evening of this day -
Head Quarters Left Wing
Order No.6 Army of the South Fa
Opposite "Sassa-a-hoach-ka" River
1 Feby.1837
1 Companies B,H & I of the 4th Infty under their respective officers will be
prepared to march one hour after sunrise tomorrow morning under the immediate
command of the commanding officer with two days cooked provisions in their haver-
sacks, their cartridge box filled & two spare flints each. -
2. Maj. Nelson with three companies of his command will proceed with the commanding
officer, escort the waggons carrying the India rubber boat to the skirts of the
Hammock on the Sassaa-a Hoa-kah River & after the commdg. officer with the In-
fantry & pioneers has entered the Hammock he will remain in position in order
of Battle opposite the entrance for four hours making every observation in his
power & intercepting any Indians who may attempt to leave it, after which he will
return to camp with his command & the boat waggon. Should the commanding officer
not return to camp during the night of the 2nd instant, Maj. Nelson will again
take up his position opposite the entrance early in the morning of the 3rd inst.
and remain there during the whole day or until he hears from the commander in
the Hammock -
3. Maj. Wilson, 4th Infty. will remain in command of this camp unless he should
hear heavy firing in the distance of the Hammock, in which case he will march
as speedily as possible with the entire command to the point indicated in the
firing. -
4. Lt. Reeve acting Asst. Qr. Master & Commissary will proceed at daylight in
the morning with seven waggons to Fort Clinch on the "Quittlachocie" for forage
and provisions, he will return on the evening of the3 3rd. instant & will be
escorted during the performance of this march by a company of mounted men to be
designated by Maj. Nelson from his command, the captain of which company will
have command of the escort for all military purposes.
5. At 8 O'clock this evening Capt. Lyon will throw up the rocket, which if ans-
wered from the steam boat at the mouth of the river "Wewa-Kyii-kah" supposed

to be opposite us, will be sending up a second rocket.-
6. Asst. Surgeon Suter US Army will accompany the command designated to enter
the Hammock, as will be the Pioneers of the 4th Regiment. -
By Order of Lt. Col. Wm. S. Foster
Signed A.C. Myer, Asst.Brig. Major

Thursday, Feby.3rd This morning Lt. Reeve left camp with seven waggons, escorted
by a company of Georgia horsemen to transport forage & rations from Fort Clinch
to the camp An hour after Col. Foster with the Pioneers & Companies B, H & I,
4th Infy. & Maj. Nelson with his three remaining companies of mounted men started
on an expedition to the Hammock & swamp on the "Wewa-Kyiikah" as was supposed,
but which was ascertained by Col. Foster late in the morning through the prisoners
& the interpreter to be the "Sassa-a-hociekah" or Pumpkin Patch River & was soon
found to be the same on which we captured the 21 prisoners during our first opera-
tion The squaw Sally the Seminole prisoner and the interpreter Anvil were
taken by the the India rubber boat. Col. Foster did not leave this
swamp this day but made an expedition to the village said to be the village where
the 24 prisoners were taken. The Squaw Sally & the horsemen returned to camp at
2 O'clock PM. Maj. Wilson remained in command.
Camp Bishop, Friday February 3d. At sunrise this morning Major Nelson with the
three companies of his corps which remained in camp complied with the instruc-
tions contained in Order No.6 issued on the evening of the 1st instant At 9
O'clock this morning Col. Foster returned with his command from the Indian
Hammock which he ascertained to be on the banks of the "Sassa-a-hoachkah" or
Pumpkin Patch River instead of the "Wewa-Kyiikah" or Clear Water River, having
been absent from camp since 7 O'clock yesterday morning and apparently very much
fatigued it was his intention to have proceeded on his march toward the
"Onethlachocie" immediately (as on that river a junction of the two detachments
of the Left Wing was intended finally to be formed, as the order issued at Tampa
Bay on the 27th Jany. ultimo) but in the absence of Lt. Reeve with 7 waggons it
was found there was not transportation sufficient to move the whole command.
Maj. Nelson was ordered to march & most of the waggon trains nine miles on the
way to the "Onthlachocie" at Camp Wilson to detain the waggon train there
(except three) which contained forage & which after being lightened were to come
on to this camp, thereby saving this heavily loaded train a distance of eighteen
miles travel. The Major marched at 10 O'clock met the train & remained at
Camp Wilson during the night & made survey observations in his power on this
day. On the 2nd the Left Wing covered more than 30 miles of county & was at one
time in six divisions & was virtually during these two days in five divisions.
During this expedition Col. Foster's command found no Indians but a very great
number of recent trails. The squaw Sally (Cloud's niece) according to promise
showed us before we entered the Hammock the hiding place for the pack saddles
& the landing place for the canoes of the village where she was taken in Jany.6.
Saddles were taken & destroyed, no canoes were found. The India rubber boat was
then taken from the waggon & carried on poles into the swamp after much labor
in clearing a route for only a few yards, it was launched with a crew of a
Sergt. & 8 men into one of the branches of the "Sassa-a-hoachkah". A Sergt.
& 6 men were ordered to accompany the boat on the right bank of the River,
keeping always in hail of each other. This little expedition finally under
way, Col. Foster with the main command proceeded to the point at which he
halted on his night expedition into this Hammock in Jany.24 hours previous to
the capture of the village & prisoners in that motith. At this point the boat
was ordered to halt should it precede him. This meeting was extremely doubtful
& its failure was provided for, it was doubtful because it was recollected
that these other large streams were passed on our previous advance through this
trail to the indicated point. These streams were about as large as the one on
which the boat was floating. They might be (or we hoped) branches, thus might
be independent rivers. This incident excited much interest among the men,
some of whom (the Pioneers of the 4th Infty. particularly) had been in the
swamp on the night trip in Jany., the most profound silence prevailed. The troops
arrived at the point & halted. The sounds of the oars & sticks of the boat were

soon after heard & came up to the landing 15 minutes after the troops. The boat
again left the landing with directions to continue on the right hand side of

the river (on which bank the troops were) & never to go out of hail. The troops
then commenced their march, cutting a new trail as they advanced within 200 yards
they crossed a sluggish muddy creek 15 yards over, finding that the trail to the
Indian village deviated from the River. Lt. Abvord, 4th Infty. in command of 6
men was directed to proceed to the village where the 22 prisoners were formerly
captured & to continue his march to the other villages known to us in advance
(towards the Gulf) of the one last mentioned to fight & capture any Indians he
might find, burn their villages & destroy all provisions & property which he
could not bring away & join the main body at dusk or as soon after as practicable.
Col. Foster continues with 50 men to press on down the river in hopes to reach
the Gulf. At night a camp was formed on the bank of the river, the proper arrange-
ment having been made for the junction of Lt. Abvord about an hour after dark.
The challenge of the sentinel (a tap on his cartridge box) was heard & announced
his approach. He & his party were excessively fatigued, had their village
one large canoe (sloop rigged), a large quantity of "contie" or secret
root sufficient to lad 2 fine horse waggons, 7 pack sales & a quantity of other
property, which had been left in the villages when they were recently abandoned.
The India rubber boat answered every purpose it & descended the river
many miles. The three teams arrived from Fort Clinch at 3 O'clock this after-
noon, the escort on had captured 15 head of cattle & closely pursued
two Indians on horseback, who however escaped into a Hammock close at hand, had
the escort had time their ponies might have been taken -
Analysis of this day's operation, 5 villages & 3 summer camps & 1 canoe burned,
two waggon loads of "contie" root destroyed, 13 pack & other saddles & 15 head
of cattle captured during this day & night. The men & officers were 16 hours
without water, so near were we to the Gulf, had it been important to penetrate
to the Gulf on this river we could have done so, it was more necessary to pro-
ceed on our march, as Col. Foster had determined to find the source of the
"Nomasassa" & "We-wa-kyiikah" while on his march, so as to be able to from a
new combination (with full knowledge) with Capt. Allen & Lt. Johnston when he
would meet them on the "Onthlachocie". -
Saturday, Feb.4th,1837 Left Camp Chastain at 7 O'clock A, & at 10 minutes to 8
we arrived at Camp Lyon (the place where the troops lay when the village on the
"Sassa-a-hoachkah" was surprised & the 21 prisoners taken in January), where by
means of a strip of paper nailed to a post we left directions that would enable
Capt. Allen to rejoin the main body should he land at this point, resumed our
march & at past ten arrived at Camp Wilson, where we rejoined Maj. Nelson
& the Georgia horsemen with the four baggage waggons, halted there by
the day before, we remained during the day. Steady rain from 11 O'clock AM
until 11 PM The rain prevented the search for the source of the "Nomassassa"
under the guidance of the Indian "Sawanaga" & it was omitted until tomorrow.
Two rockets were thrown up this evening but were not answered. -
Camp Wilson, Feby.5th,1837 This morning pursuant toorder No.7 Maj. Wilson with
two companies of the 4th Infty. & one company of the Georgia Horse left camp at
10 O'clock AM with instructions to meet & beat any Indians he might find & to
ascertain where the "Nomassassa" heads opposite to our present encampment, its
course, witdth, depth & whether there were on its bank any traces of Capt. Allen
& Lt. Johnston. In a short time after Maj. Wilson's command left camp he sent
back for the India rubber boat having (as was before believed), fully ascer-
tained that we were encamped opposite to the head waters of the "Nomasassa",
having reached the river he descended it on its right northern bank a mile and
one half & on the river in the boat two miles. On its banks were found evidence
of the Indians having been there, but not within a few days. The average width
of the river was 150 yards. It was 5 feet deep near its source & the increase
of its depth was proportionate to its width, the water clear & susceptible of

steam boat navigation, if not closed by a bar or bars at its mouth. The general
direction of the river was north west, no traces were found of Capt. Allen & Lt.

Journal of Operations against the Seminole Indians in the fall of the Year 1837 and winter 1838 {.
by Colonel Taylor's Column.

November 14th 1837. Pursuant to Order No.2 dated Head Quarters Detachment, Army South of the Withla-
coochee 13th Nov.1837. Col. Foster in command of the 4th and 6th Regiments of Infantry, Capt.
Monroe's Compy. G, 4th Arty. with and Capt. Garrison's Company of Pioneers (the whole amounting
to about 650 total, left Ft. Brooke at daylight this morning and took up the line of march for
Pease Creek The train numbered 120 waggons, after a march of 14 miles, continued without interrup-
tion, the Army encamped on that part of the Thlo-no-to-sasa Lake lying on the east side of the
Fort Kind old road Camp called Thomson.
15 Nov. Left Camp Thompson at daylight, and continued the march not without considerable difficulty,
the trail being in such a state as to render frequent halts necessary, Passed an Indian Village
which could not have been vacated any lenth of time. Distance marched to day 9 3/4 miles (as ,
ascertained by measurement). Encamped this evening on one of the sources of the Alifia River.
A soldier of the 6th Infantry this evening shot by accident, also a mule having the glanders hot
by direction of the Commd'g Officer. Camp called Wilson.
16 Nov. Left Camp Wilson at daylight, passed several fine streams and lakes on this day's march.
It was the Colonel's intention to have halted on Pease Creek this evening, but after marking 14
miles it was found impossible to do so. The progress of the Army being empeded by dense hammocks.
The advance however reached the creek Encamped on the round pond. Camp called Allen, this camp
was 3/4 of a mile from the Creek,
17 Nov. At daylight this morning Col. Foster with Capt. Allen's Squadron and the negroes Abraham ,
and Ansell left camp for the purpose of ascertaining whether there were any better crossing place
over the creek. They returned at 2 o'clock pm after travelling 34 miles and not having discovered
any details were made to clear the trail of the obstacles referred to in yesterday's journal.
By retreat 1\ mile of road was opened.
18th Nov.This morning two companies of the 2nd Infantry, and two mounted companies of Volunteers,
commanded by Major Hoffman arrived from Fort Brooke, the Fourth Infty, Capt. Monroe's company
of Artillery, and the Compy of Pioneers came to the creek this morning and took up their positions.
The train also crossed and after unloading returned to Capm Allen Compy H, 4th Infty ordered
to Tampa. Camp called Monroe.
19th November Rainy day, the 6th Infrantry joined us this morning Preparations making to commence
work, the men employed in getting out timber increasing Quarter Master and Commissary Stores,
sharpening the tools work considerably impeded by the bad weather. Field Report made this morning
total 632, aggregate 653.
20 November Rainy weather notwithstanding which large details were made from the Brigade
to hasten the work to its termination. A large piece of ground covered with a large thick hammock
cleared to afford room for the erection of a stockade and Block House which before 2 o'clock
was carried up five logs. The pit completed rose from saws set at work. The teams engaged
in hauling timber into camp. Ditches dug in which the pickets are to be sunk three feet. The bridge
acrossthe creek also commenced, the blacksmith bellows and forge in operation -
21 Nov. Weather still rainy work progressing rapidly /
22 Nov. Weather fine-
23 November Train of 80 waggons escorted by a party of Missouri Volunteers under Col. Gentry arrived
this morning from Tampa Bay. The returned in the afternoot A guard detailed to take charge of
the stores on the other side of the creek.
24 Nov. After Tatoo the command was alarmed by a report that 3 hostile Indians had been discovered
by' a friendly Indian. After a search which lasted nearly an hour, it was concluded that if the
hostiles had paid us a visit, they had not thought proper to prolong it, after such a reception
as they met with -
25 Nov. A Spaniard sent by Col. Taylor amongst the Indians, arrived at our camp this afternoon
on his return to Fort Brooke He remained with us all night. The Fort finished and called Fort
26 Nov. Stockade and bridge require but little work to complete them.
27 Nov. Col. Foster with the mounted portion of his command absent several hours today, The command
this morning discharged that arms by companies

28 Nov. Work completely finished /
29 Nov. Col. Taylor with the train arrived from Tampa today and assumed command, which led to
the resolution of Col. Foster's Brigade. Lieut.G. Adjt. R.C. Buchanan of the 4th Infty joined
from furlough.

30 November Order received by Col. Taylor in which he returns his thanks to Colonel Foster and
his command for the prompt and handsome manner in which they executed the work assigned them,
at 1 o'clock the Colonel took up the line of march for the Kissimmee and encamped about 5 miles
from Frazier the name given to the work ended. Pease Creek A part of the train took fright by
means of which two Waggons were broken and left behind.
1 December Commenced the march one hour and a half after daylight and passed several fine lakes,
situated on both sides of the road. The Army was detained several times on the road owing to
obstacles which required time for removal, marched 4 miles and encamped early at the Buffalo Ford.
Camp called after that name.
2 December A causeway having been after much laber thrown across the ford the line of march was
resumed at 1 o'clock P.M.. The country passed over today hilly and abounding with water of a good
quality. Distance marched 5 miles. The causeway was 175 yards wide -
3 December March resumed at daylight and continued without interruption until 11 o'clock, a part
of the road very boggy, arrived at the Kissimmee river at 3 o'clock P.M. after marching 12 miles.
The River is deep with a hard sandy bottom, high banks and a tolerably rapid current. Wild rice
grows plentifully near the banks. The water is of a good quality. Camp on the Kissimmee River.
General direction after marching from Fort Frazier to the Kissimmee E.N.E. the last 5 miles of
of our route was about N.E.
4 December Large details were made early today to commence the erection of a Fort on the banks"
of the river and to build a bridge across it. Col. Gentry with the Missouri Volunteers arrived
this afternoon from Tampa and crossed the River. The Spaniard sent out by Col. Taylor accompanied
by a Seminole sub-chief named Thle-Lajo or 'Crazy arrow' arrived at our camp after Tatoo and had-
a short conference with the Commdg. officer. He stated that the Indians generally still adhered
to their determination to come in and would do so in four days. Capt. Alien with Companies D &
K, 4th Infty. went out today as a reconnoitering party, after marching eight miles in the direction
of Fish Creek he arrived a very marshy prairie and not being able to cross his horses returned.
He reported that he had observed numerous signs of cattle and Indian trails, all leading towards'-
Fish Creek. On the trails were visible footsteps of women and children. Capt. McCrea with another
party went in another direction and arrived at a creek which appeared to connect together two
lakes. He made the same observation as Capt. Alien.
5 December The train after being unloaded returned this morning to Tampa, escorted by sixty Regulars.
The Seminole and Spaniard left us, with a small quantity of rations. In the afternoon one company
of Volunteers (Missouri) commanded by Capt. Morgan arrived from Tampa.
6 December The Bridge finished, nothing particular occurred today. In the evening after Tatoo
Jumper and his- sons Holatooke and Antonia arrived at the camp. Capt# Sparks accompanied them.
7th December This morning Jumper and the other Indians had a long talk with Col. Taylor where /V
it was agreed that the Indians comprising his tribe should concentrate on Pease Creek and that
a portion of them should be there in five days. They left the encampment at 3 o'clock PM in
company of Abraham.
8 December Major McCrea's Battalion of Georgia Volunteers left in the morning for Tampa, their,,
term of service having expired. The Fort finished and named Fort Gardner
gth Decemer This morning Capt. Allen with his company proceeded to Fort Frazier. Tony and a few
Delaware Indians started for Alligator's camp, taking with them five barrels of flour packed on
mules. An express arrived around this evening from Tampa Bay bringing information that Sam Jones
had fallen from his horse and injured himself.
10th December Nothing particular today
llth December Capt. Garrison's company of Pioneers left us this evening to throw a causeway across
the bog between this place and Tampa. The friendly Indians also proceeded to Fort Frazier. A negro
arrived at our camp who could give us no information whatever, the only thing that he appeared
to know was that he had been some time among the Indians.
12th December A part of the train returned this day from Tampa, thirty waggons remained at Pease
13 December Capt. Alien's Mounted Companies DgK, 4th Infantry, joined this afternoon from Pease
Creek The pack mules loaded with oats arrived from Tampa Bay

14th December The train and pack mules returned to Pease Creek this morning, they were escorted
by Compy. K, 4th Infantry.
15th December Two boats were brought from Tampa Bay by land. Tony and a Seminole Indian named
PaLosh-Itha Lajo arrived at the fort this evening.
16th December A train of 25 waggons loaded with subsistence stores and forage arrived this afternoon
from Pease Creek. Lieut. Grandesi and a detachment of mounted men composed the escort. Toney and
the Indian left the camp early today.

December 17 Four negroes came in today and brought with them forty head of cattle, Abraham returned
this evening after retreat.
18th December Orders issued by Col. Taylor directing the mounted portion of the command to proceed
on detached service in the direction of The 4th Infty. with Col. Foster assigned to the
command of Fort Frazier and the Infy under Lieut. Col. Devanport directed to proceed
in the direction of Charlotte, thirtyfour or forty miles. Rainy days.
19th December Order of Col. Taylor countermanding that issued yesterday and directing the troops
(excepting the Pontoon Corps and those unable to take the field) to be in readiness to march at
2 o'clock PM. This order was countermanded verbally at 12 PM. March to commence tomorrow. Major
Wilson of the 4th Infantry ordered on command to Fort Frazier. He left us at 2 o'clock PM. Bvt.
Wilson of the 4th Infty joined from detached service today.
20th December The whole of the Command except those unable to take the field took up the line
of march at daylight this morning. Lieut. Harrison of the 6th Infty. and Asst. remained
behind. Marched 16 miles through an open country, and encamped a little before sunset.
We met this day and a part of his tribe on their way to Pease Creek. Direction of the march
from Fort Gardner.
21 December March resumed at daylight through one continued with occasionally a slight growth
of pine timber. Met a Seminole and his squaw on their way to Pease Creek. He belonged to
tribe, but having lost his pony he was unable to keep with the others. Distance marched 18 miles
direction the same as that of yesterday. Some information in relation to the movement of the
indians was received at 10 o'clock from a mounted volunteer belonging to the Compy sent in advance.
22 December March resumed at day. The aspect of the country still the same. With this difference
that timber is not quite as scarce. We passed through Alligators Camp this evening, he was not /
there but had left behind some women and children. Waded the Creek and after marching 15
miles encamped at 4 o'clock on the Kissimmee.
23 December Train of 80 wagons by a party of Missouri volunteers under Col. Gentry, arrived
this morning from Tampa Bay. They returned in the afternoon. A guard detailed to take charge of
the on the other side of the creek.

16th January Pursuant to Col. Foster's Order of yesterday the 4th & 6th
Infantry left Fort Frazer about 11 O'clock AM, marched 4 miles and encamped at
past 2 O'clock
17th March resumed at daylight, met the waggon train and muleteers from Fort
Gardner with a detachment of 2nd Regt. Dragoons commanded by Lieut. Hardie,
marched 14 miles and encamped at 1 O'clock.
18th January March resumed at sunrise, nothing occurred to impede our progress and
arrived at Fort Gardner past 2 O'clock PM. A detachment of Recruits left Fort
Gardner today commanded by Capt. Backus destined for Fort Basinger to join the
1st Infty.
19th January A train arrived at Fort Gardner today, escorted by a detachment
of the 2nd Regt. Dragoons and Volunteers, Col. Taylor issued an order today to
be in readiness to march tomorrow morning as early as practicable
20th January Pursuant to Col. Taylor's order of yesterday Lieut. Col. Foster
took up his line of march for Fort BasInger. The 6th Infantry left at daybreak
in the advance. Marched 14 miles and encamped about 3 O'clock PM
21 January Resumed the march at daylight over an extensive Prairie, the march
principally all day over Prairie, the road tolerably well watered by Ponds,
marching 18 miles and encamped at 3 O'clock PM
22nd January Resumed the march at daylight, morning cloudy and cold, some rain
fell during the day, on the night of the 21st an express arrived in camp about
8 O'clock PM. Marched principally over Prairie, well watered by streams & ponds,
crossed River about 11 O'clock some streams that were running on our
former march were now entirely dried up. Arrived at Fort Basinger at 2 O'clock
23 January Moved to encampment of the 4th Infantry mile lower down the river
from Fort Basinger
24 January
25 January
26 January
27 January Major Graham with his command joined us today,
28th January Order issued for and preparations making for a march
29th January Pursuant to Col. Taylor's order of yesterday, Col. Foster took up f
a line of march with the 4th & 6th Infty toward Okee-cho-bee Lake. Marched about
6 miles over Prairie very poorly watered and encamped at 12 O'clock. Wells were
dry for the use of the command as water was not to be had otherwise
30th January Resumed the march at daylight, marched principally over Prairie
with the exception of two very muddy hammocks which rendered the passage of the
train difficult. Encamped this evening with the 1st infty. having come up with
them at this place. miles distant from Lake Okee-cho-bee. A detachment of each
Regt by 1st, 4th & 6th were sent to the battle ground to recover the bodies of
our dead that were killed in action on the 25 of Dec they having been up
by the Indians after having performed the duties assigned them the detachment
returned to camp at sundown
31 January Resumed the march at sunrise over and extensive prairie we came about
10 O'clock into a low growth of Pine timber thin growth, our route this day was
very poorly watered, occasionally however we saw a pond, but the water was very
bad. Fell in to Gen. Jessup's trail about 1 O'clock. Met an express from Gen.
Jessup about 2 O'clock, followed the trail until sundown and encamped, Marched
15 miles
1st February Resumed our march at sunrise principally through pine woods, route
poorly watered, marched 10 miles and encamped at 12 O'clock
2nd February Left Gen. Jessup's trail this morning at sunrise, marched about
6 miles back on our trail of 1st Inst., left it and marched towards Okee-cho-bee
Lake, our march this day through low swampy ground, plentifully watered with

ponds, marched 14 miles and encamped 5 miles East of Okee-cho-bee Lake
3rd February The command left the camp this morning without the waggons (which)
were left under a guard of an officer & 60 men) and scouted on each side of the
Hammock which was composed chiefly of Cabbage Trees of a very large growth, on

on either side of the Hammock fine open country, thinly wooded with Pine timber
our march today was impeded by an extensive morass of Saw grass of very high and
rank growth- returned to camp about 2 O'clock order issued by Col. Taylor for
three days scout
4th Febry Pursuant to Col. Taylor's order of yesterday the army left the encam-
ment this morning at 8 O'clock, with three days provisions and mules ( the train
being left under a guard) for the purpose of scouting the country, marched
through Prairie principally, with some exceptions of very thick hammocks, very
muddy and composed of timTyr of small growth, there was several ponies captured
today by Maj. Riley's command of mounted men and the friendly Indians. Passed
through several Indian encampments that look as if they had been recently J
occupied. Marched 14 miles and encamped at 5 O'clock.
5th February Commenced our return march today at sunrise for our encampment on
the old trail and arrived at 2 O'clock PM
6th Feby Resumed our march this morning at sunrise for Fort Basinger, struck an
old trail about 10 O'clock, nothing particular occurred today in our march and
encamped at sunset
7th Feby Resumed our march at sunrise, marched 15 miles and encamped
8th Resumed our march this morning at sunrise and arrived at Fort Basing er at
12 O'clock AM Found everything safe
9th Detail made today for armed service (Escort for Waggon train)
10th Feby.
llth Feby.
12th Feby.
13th Feby. Detail today for Armed Service
14th Feby. Waggon Train left today for Fort Deynow
15th Feb. Detail for Armed Service today Copm.E, 4th I & C 1st Infty. under
the command of Major Riley to proceed down the river to Lake Okee-cho-bee and
build a fort
16th Feby Detail of six Privates for Armed Service
17th Feby. Cloudy with a little rain
18th Feby.
19th Feby.
20th Feby. The waggon train returned today from Fort Deynow at 11 O'clock
21st February
22nd Feby
23rd Feby
24th Feby
25th Feby. Col. Taylor and Staff left this morning for Gen. Jessup's camp
26th Feby. A small waggon train arrived this evening about 10 O'clock from
Tampa Bay. They had encamped about 7 miles from this place but were alarmed by
a report of Indians having been seen in the vicinity of this camp and the
they proceeded to Ft. Basinger
27th Maj. Riley and Comp.E, 4th Infty returned this morning from detached
service after completing the Fort on Lake Okee-cho-bee
28th Mustered today at 10 O'clock
1st March Very rainy day
2nd March
3 March Col. Taylor and Staff returned today from Gen. Jessup's camp ///
4th March Col. Foster left this morning for Tampa Bay. About 120 Indians and
negroes arrived here this evening from Gen. Jessup on their way to Tampa. Lieut.

Harvey returned from duty in the 4th Infty. and ordered to join his regiment
(2nd Regt.) at Fort Thompson '-t'
5th March Pursuant to Col. Taylor's Order of yesterday's date (BT Maj. Wilson
with Compy. I, 4th Infty, left this place this morning with charge of the Indians
and negroes mentioned in yesterday's Journal for Tampa Bay
6th March Heavy rain, light wind


7th March High Wind
8th March
9th March Compy K joined us today from Fort Deynow
10th March A train of 28 waggons arrived today from Fort Deynow
11th March Detail today for Armed Service
12 March
13 March
14 March
15 March
16 March Detail today for Armed Service, a train of 30 waggons arrived today
from Fort Deynow, a solder of the 2nd Artillery killed by the running away of
a team
17 March Train left today for Fort Deynow


By Order of Lieut. Col.
W.S. Foster
Signed A.C. Myers Brig. Major

Thursday Feby 2nd

This morning Lieut. Reeve left camp with seven waggons, escorted by
a Company of Georgia horsemen to transport Forage & Rations from Fort Clinch to
this camp. An hour after Colonel Foster with the Pioneers and Companies B.H.
& I 4 Infantry and Major Nelson with his three reining companies of mounted
men, started on an expedition to the Hammock & Swamp on the "We-wa-kyii-kah`
as was then supposed, but which was ascertained by Col. Foster late in the
morning through the Pioneer & the Interpreter to be the "Sassa-a-hoach-kah'"
or Pumpkin Patch River, and was soon found to be the same on which we captured
the U. Prisoner during our first Operation the Squaw Sa__Iy, the Seminole Pri-
soner and the Interpreter Anvil were taken by the Col. the Indian Rubber Boat -
Col. Foster did not leave the Swamp this day, but made an expedition to the Vil-
lages said to be beyond the village where the 24 Prisoners were taken the S aw
Sally & the Horsemen returned to Camp at 2 O'clock PM. Major Wilson remained in
Camp-Still Bishop

Friday Feby 3rd

At sunrise this morning Major Nelson with the three companies of his
Corps which remained in Camp, complied with the instructions contained in Order
No.6 issued on the evening of the 1st instant at 9 O'clock this morning Col.
Foster returned with his Command from the Swamp & Hammock which he ascertained
to be on the banks of the "Sassa-a-hoach-kah" on Pumpkin Patch River, having
been absent from Camp since 7 O'clock yesterday morning & apparently very much
fatigued it was his intention to have proceeded on his march towards the
"Outhlachose" immediately (as on that River a Junction of the two Detachments
of the Left Wing was directed finally to be formed in the Order issued at Tampa
Bay on the 27th January ultimo) but in the absence of Lieut. Reeve, with 7
waggons it was found there was not transportation sufficient to move the whole
Command. Major Nelson was ordered to march & meet the waggon train nine miles
on the way to the "Outhlachose" at Camp Wilson to detain the waggon train there
except three which contained forage, and which after being lightened were to
come on to the camp, thereby saving to this heavily loaded train a distance of
eighteen miles travel. The Major marched at 10 O'clock, met the train and
remained at Camp Wilson during the night and made as usual every observation
in his power on this day & on the 2nd, the Left Wing covered more than 30 miles
of Country, and was at one time in six Divisions, and was during these two days
habitually in five Divisions during this expedition, Col. Foster's Command /
found no Indians, but a very great number of recent traces, the S uaw Sal
(Cloud' 'n t s o-wej _hejore we entere L^U am.r _osk,
the hiding ia^etpor..^hiePaackS.a d and thelandingplace for the Canoes_
_th? 7TTlages where she was taken in 4Lniary._6 Saddles were taken and destroyed,
no canoe'w Tund, the THtlan Rubber Boat was then taken from the waggon & v7\V
carried on poles into the Swamp after much labor in clearing a route for only

a few yards, it was Launched with a Crew of a Sgt. & six men were ordered to --
accompany the Boat on the right bank of the River, keeping always in hail of
each other, this Little expedition fairly under way Col. Foster

or Clear River; the main force was opposite to, and would have been down the "Sassa-a- L-'
hoach-hah" or Pumpkin Patch River on the land side, while Capt. Allen and Lieut. Johnston on the
water side would have been pushing up the Wewakyiikahe 40 miles from each other--great delay would
have ensued. This would have occurred because the country in which the Left Wing was .operating
was on the route that Wing took from the ( ) entirely unknown, no guides accompanied
the troops, none could be obtained; it was not known that any streams of magnitude entered the
Gulf between the "Outhlachociel" and Tampa Bay on the march of this Wing from Fort Clinche on
that River to Tampa Bay a few days before, we had discovered I made a night operation upon what
we then supposed to be this "We-wa-ki-a-hah" or Chrystal River, but which proved to be the "Sassa-
a-hoach-hah" or Pumpkin Patch River, and it finally appeared that four large streams, about 20
miles long, entered the Gulf between the "Outhlachaciel" & Tampa Bay--the troops were on the banks
of three of them, none of which were less than an hundred yards in width.

The following Order was issued to the troops in the evening of this day.
Head Quarters Left Wing Army of the South,
Opposite "Sassa-a-hoach-hah" River.
1st Feb. 1837.

Order No. 6.
1. Companies B. H C of the 4th Infantry under their respective officers will be prepared
to march one hour after sunrise tomorrow morning under the immediate command of the Commanding
Officer, with two days cooked provisions in their haversacks, their cartridge boxes filled & two
spare flints.
2. Major Nelson with three companies of his command will proceed with the commanding officer,
escort the wagon carrying the Indian rubber boat to the skirts of the Hammocke on the Sassa-a-
hoach-hah Rivwer, aidafifter Wf. C:obimdg, off1Tii ar wit hi he inrifanbtry Snd pioneerss has -en'tere the Hammocke,
he will remain in position, in order of battle opposite the entrance for four hours. Making every
observation in his power, and intercepting any Indian who may attempt to leave it; after which
he will return to camp with his command and the boat waggon--should the commanding officer not
return to camp during the night of the 2 instant. Major Nelson will again take up his position
opposite the entrance early on the morning of the 3 instant and remain there during the day, or
until he heard from the Commander in the Hammock.
3rd. Major Wilson 4th Infantry will remain in Command of this camp, until he should hear
heavy firing in the direction of the Hammock, in which case he will march as speedily as possible
with the entire command to the point indicated by the firing.
4th. Lieut. Reeve acting Asst. Qr. Master and Commissary, will proceed at daylight i the
morning, with seven wagons to Fort Clinch on the "Outhlachacie" for forage and provisions, he
will return in the evening of the 3rd instant, and will be escorted during the performance of
this march by a company of mounted men to be designated by Major Nelson from his Command, the
Captain of which company will have command of the escort for all military purposes.
5. At eight o'clock this evening Capt.L(-Oon will throw up a rocket, which if answered from
the steam boat at the mouth of the river "We-wa-kyii-kah" supposed to opposite us, will be replied
to by sending up a rocket.
6. Asst. Surgeon Sutur, U.S. Army will accompany the command designated to enter the Hammock
as well as the pioneers of the 4th Regiment.

By Order of Lieut. Col. W.S. Foster
Signed A.L. Myers Brig. Major

Thur day, F, b. 2nd .

his o ni eu t.eeve f n h_ seven wa ted byJompan Gegia Ho en
to tra sp rt orage and rations from Fort C o this camp. An hour after Colonel Foster with

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