E. C. F. Sánchez- Political Career

A Guide to the Sanchez Family Papers ( Related URL )

Material Information

E. C. F. Sánchez- Political Career
Series Title:
Sanchez Family Papers (1812-1925)
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Sanchez, Edward Carrington Francis, 1849-1927
Creation Date:
Physical Location:
Box: 1


Subjects / Keywords:
Shipment of goods -- Cuba   ( lcsh )
History -- United States -- Civil War, 1861-1865   ( lcsh )
History -- Gainesville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Alachua -- 12001   ( ceeus )
Territorial Florida, 1821-1845   ( fhp )
Ante-Bellum Florida, 1845-1861   ( fhp )
Civil War in Florida, 1861-1865   ( fhp )
Economics and Society: Post-Civil War Florida, 1865-1913   ( fhp )
Florida During World War I, 1914-1918   ( fhp )
The Florida Boom and Bust, 1919-1929   ( fhp )
Depression and the New Deal Years in Florida, 1930-1941
Florida in World War II, 1941-1945   ( fhp )
The Post-War Florida, 1945-1960   ( fhp )
Contemporary Florida, 1960-   ( fhp )


Family papers, correspondence and newspaper clippings. This collection covers the life of the Sanchez family in St. Augustine from 1812, the family's ordeals during the Civil War, the family business, and E. C. Sanchez's political career. Included are E. C. Sanchez's collected notes and writings for a history of Gainesville, Florida, as well as correspondence between his father, James, and his uncle, Venancio, regarding the family shipping business and its transactions with Cuba circa 1840-60. The collection also contains a scrapbook, Municipal Club of Gainesville, circa 1907, and newspaper clippings regarding E. C. Sanchez's political activity.
Merchant, lawyer, writer. Sanchez was born in 1849, in St. Augustine, Florida. He was educated in the common schools and the East Florida Seminary, and began his career as a merchant in Gainesville, Florida, until 1874, when he decided to study law. He was admitted to the practice in 1875, and became an influential member of the constitutional convention of 1885. He was also a presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1884. He died in 1927.
General Note:
Originally derived from archival-level ALEPH record 027947578 ( OCLC: 48886392 )
Funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) as part of the Pioneer Days in Florida Project

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History, Special Collections
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
System ID:

Full Text

L.. -


Held in Alachua County June 16, 1908.

No. 19. Orange LI.i i-.L. I. I-I. H1i $ 15AJ0
N,,. 21. Bell, E S.ii:l.. ...... 15.60
No. 4. W illeford, J. H. Osteen ........................................... 18.5u
No. 18. Osceola, J. E. Osteen -.............--------------- ........ 16.5.0
No. 16. LakeView, J. M ."In, !, .................................... 15.50
No. 7. Gainesville, J. F. \'1, .:k -try.......................... 12.50
No. 23. Donnie, J. H. M r; ...... ........ -......... ........... 14.60
No. 12. Arredondo, T. M Venable--- .............- ....-... 10.10
No. 2. LaCrosse, J. T. Stokes--...---- -....--- ..----..............
No. 24. Bland, J. T. Richard -.-....-... ....................... 12.25
No. 5. Trenton, A. L. Sanders ..............................---- 13.70
No. 3. Alachua, J. E. Fugate .--.. ----------....................- 13.45
No. 10. Hi, I, ...-, H. L. Itrgji-ie-y-......-- .....------ 12.40
No. 15. Rochelle, John K.'Feaster ...................--- 11.80
No 14. .M,.ltise, G. T. Torley ---------...... _---............... 12.60
No. 9. Island Grove, S. C. Hayman---- ...............----- 14.50
No. 20. High4Springs, A. E. Summers ............--------- 18.60
No. 17. Hague, W. A. Strickland--...----............-........ '11.00
'No. 22. Campville, J. H. Dyess............................................ 14.00
No. 11. Archer, G. H. Gibbons.. .............. ................... 13.50
No. 1. W aldo, W S. Tillis...---- .......................................... 8.90
No. 8. Hawthorn, T. J. Hammond.--------..---............. 11.65
No 6. Newberry, D. G. Roland.....................................: 10.80
No. 13. Fairbanks, F. D. Irwin ...---.....---.-.............. 10.25
W. D. Dickinson furnishing Poll list....... -.-................... 25.00
Returned to J. D. Teeter--...- -----.............................................-. 2.00
Incidental Expenses of Secretary ................... ------ 15.00
S The Gainesville Sun, Printing and Publishing ............... 61.00
Secretary's Salary ................................. ........ 50.00

Balance left over from first primary-----......- $ 992.50

Balance to be prorated among candidates.---- $ 519.95
I have prorated to those candidates who were assessed
i.,i. i)iij" , ..as per instructions.
G. H. GIBBONS, Sec. and Treas.
Alachua Co. Dem. Ex. Com.
Ar.hl't[. l ;L July 20, 1908.

- -_ N.

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i ,

SJUNE 7, 1884.


Democratic Convention.

Pursuant to the efil of C. W. Ste-
vens, Charirman of the County Exe-
cutive Committee. The Convention
assembled in the Court House.
The Chairman of the Executive
Committee opened the Convention by
reading the Call and asked for
nominations for Chairman, where up-
on Win. MscDauiel was elected to that
S C. WV. StevenQ was chosen secreta-
ry aud L. L. Hineley. Assistant.
It was moved and carried that the
chairman of each district delegation
report to the Secretary the names r f
the delegates from each district.
The following names wivere reported:
Madison Prccinct-J.T R Campbell, E
S Armstrong. T W Kirkpatrick, B D
Wadsworth, Jery McLelland, W 0
Dale, W W Wit, S B Thomas, Jr., C
H Smith, W. H. Dial, M HF Waring
T J Foaruside, B F Moseley, Win.
McDaniel, Hugh Patterson, W H
Ellavillc-L J Brush, D McMulleu
L A Webb, John Stroud.
Nortous Creek-Daniel [licks, R I
Rowe, John Hicks, Levi Bridges.
Mosely Hall-L L Hiuely, Theodor
Rundall, Wm Henderson, C-eo. Dice
T A Jones.
Greenville-G T Harby, J L Grif-
fin. J B Barclay, H J Slaughter.
Cherry Lake-C B McNair, Willa
ford Townsend, Jbhu Prosser, Fletch
er Finch, Randall Morrow,- J PRed
Hamburg-S P Mays, W H Butler
.TP Martin, E 0 Grambling. R ,
Mays, W J Jarvis, 14 C Drew, J 1
Gaston,'D. F. Burnett.
Hickstown-Acy Loper,.R E Dick
SMacedonia-R P Buchaiiiian, H
-Rye, Euigune West, G B Haven J
Pert, W J Skinner, Gao. Johuson.
Tutens-J B Spradly, R W Spradl.
Wiikipin-Rriuson Howe, Lee
On motion of C. H. Smith, Wink
pin district was allowed two delegate
It was moved and carried that th
votes oFthese precinits aot fully rep
resented be cast by the delegate prei
It was moved that the chairappoin
a committee ol' nine to nominate tie
egates to Pensacola and Palatka w hic
was carried and the follo%%imy get
tiemen were chosen as the committee
W H Dial, MH Waring, J J. Me
Mullen, Eugene West. Daniel Hick,
T"ho Randell, B F Moseley, E
(Grambling, J L Griffinh
To which were added by motion
Richard Spradly, C B McNair,
E Dickinson.
The committee. to select delegate
reti-rned and reported the following
W II Dial, W 1H Hausman, B

Wardlaw, Madison; R J Bevn,'Malo--
edonia; W D Griffin. Greenville; L
L Hinely, Moseley Hall; B D Wads-
worth, Tutens; R J Mars, Hamburg;
A J Coffee, Cherry Lake; L J Brush,
Ellaville; M H Waring, Withlacoo-
SL J Brush, Ellaville W H Dial, W
A Baker, Madiso Dr. J Cohen
Greenville ATJ Blalock, 0herryLake-
Theo. RandeHll, Moseley Hall; M Hii
Waring. Madison; M C Drew, Ham-
burg-B F Moseley,-Madlson; J J-
Pert Macedonia; C H. Smith, Madi-
son. .
Thie report of the Committee was
received and adopted. -
Dr. R. Mavs introduced the foWow-
ing resolution: Be it
Resolved by the Conservative Dem-
Socrats of Madison county in conven-
tion assemnbled, that we hereby pledge
ourselves to support the nominee of
Sthe Pensacola Convention, whoever
he may be,'yet, we submit that for
the highest and best interest of Flor-
ida it would be most proper that the
State Convention nominate as the
Democratic candidate for Governor,
the honorable George F. Drew-the
hero ol'1876-ithlie man to whom the
heart of the people arce bound; who,
if nominated, will heal afll disentions
and restore the autonomy of our
) grand old party. The man, who, suc-
ceeding, as he did three Republican
a administrationswith all their proflgate
, expenditure by his minarvelomu finan-
cial skill led us our of a night of bank-
- ruptcy ino the golden light of State
and individual prt sperity. Adopted.
Mir L. J. Brush, of Ellaville, intro-
-'duced the following resolutions:
WHEREAS, It is customary and right
.in Convention assembled for tlie peo-
, pie to expose their approval or digap-
J proval of the actions of their public
N1 servants.
Resolved, 1st. That we hereby ex-
- press our hearty approval of the wise
and judicious adminitratiun of State
F affairs by Gov. W. D.. Bloxham and
J Cabinet. Adopted.
The following named gentlemen
Were elected toserve on the Executive
vi Committee:
W H Dial, L J Brush, R D Rowe, L
.i- L Hinely, WD Griffin, J P Martin, T'
es J Blalock, H W McLeod. J J Walker,
e Acy Loper, R J Bevan, J Ellis Blan-
. ton, C W Stevens, B F Moseley, Capt.
-. W H Hausman, T J Fearnside, Jno.
1 Inglis C H Smith, Hugh Paterson,
t R J Mays.
I It wai moved that any five be de-
hl dared a quo urn to transtact business
. at any time upon the call ofthe Chair-
ee man.
There was "complete harmony
Throughout the convention and work
s. was dispatched in a short time.
0 When Gov. Drew was mentioned
there was great applause and upon the
introductioL'of the resolution favor-
able to him there was tremendous
R and prolonged applause. I
The delegation to Pensacola is solid
es for Drew for Governor.
: There being no further business the
Convention adjourned.
p Wm. McDANIEL, Chairman.
C W STEVENS, Secretary.



* I




W r'*""' -Ukt* is4,,ny
"t>" .*'-'~e-'Ltbo~t o-' thisB ufeejchUboil
.4i.. et i Bdon Hal, ho'_,di"'
&ekiy a few cays 0go pit hsjot -ik
residence'. neat MTOaopy, w ir,
*Eebrnaiy 22,.131, d Xiend Sune.7th,' :108
was the yotingest aoa of,
Hall of Leou county and a'- ..

.64ootland. His, TRobod
fatfor came to this country-from .Scot-
land to fight under' Washington ani
was killed in Virginia by the Fnglish
Tories in full view of his wvife, leaving
ttWvb children, one son'androne daugh-
ter. Thbe son, MrajornWm. Hallwtier-
wards married and movedla to.Laei
county Florida, ad.,.sfey.led near,, T&.
Jahaaee, where Robert Hich 'firtL -
The .family consisted of three Pons and-
-six daughters. Robert'p father was in
comfortable cir'cunstaGoes, owning
among other property a large tavern
4n Tallahassee, in which the first Legis-
lature of this State assembled. Rob-
ert's oldest brother was named Choice,
the next was William; they both have.
long since passed away. Robert and
his mother just before the Confed-
erate war, moved from Lnon to Ala-
chua county, where his four sisters,
viz, Mrs Dr. Franh Cam, Mrs. Those.
Cooper (wife of Rev. Cooper), Mrs.'
James Hunter and Mrs. Guss Johnson-
*settlei at Micanopy.. There his
mother died. After her death he;
married Miss Mary Cosby, the youngest
-daughter of J. H. Cosby, and sister of
the Late John 0. C-roaby, of this coun-
ty, and a first cousin to the noted Sen-
ator Ben Tillman of South Carolina.
This wife died nineteen years ago.
Before be was twenty-one years old
Robert was elected to the Legislature
by the people of Leon county, and
was twice elected to the same office
from Alachua county. He was an
able man; was a free Mason and a
member of the Methodist church, and
at the time of his. death he had retired
from more active life, but was in the
employment ol the government, as as-
sistant light house keeper at Sea Horse
Key. He was on a visit to his daugh-
ter at tae time of his death, and was
playing with his little grand daughter,
Lucille, when the dread call cam,
but he passed from the earth with-
out a struggle-or ammoan. Tie whas ai
ex-Confederate and wore the bronze
*- cross of honor given him, by the
Daughters of Confederacy. ie was a
remarkable man, a true friend, agood
n .man who by his genial temper brought
---i the facesof allt' with t
Z.::; i -: %"s 1-,i ,, dt faces- of all,, with m



COL.Sflte yo~ rCTOXISTS.;
Says lUrnqtt and Otbqs. Simply Pro.
tested Interest of the City.
EDIToa. 9S0: Kindly grant no
-space t@szply on behalt of myself and
0 News j le i wi ch ap -
peared in th e rp
In the outset we desire to thank the
News in behalf df all that class the
i News refers to as obstructionists, fur
the kind and complimentary terriis
used in the articles towards tleni.
In the papers of" 9th and 1Oth "hb-
structionisis" were handled without
gloves, and great deal was said as to
the improvement of the streets, said
that the street work had been stopped,
and asked how the city was going to
build or improve strieets. Tihe "ob-
structionists," as you term them, hav-'
done nothing looking to impending
the improvement of the streets; all
they sought to do was to stop the il-
legal expenditure of the city's money,
and the court has granted an iniju.nct-
ion against thc council, enjoining them
from agreeing or contracting with one
of their number to perform the work
upon the streets. The publication of
the city attorney's views under the
date of the 13th, saying that Mr. Bur-
nettwas not a taxpayer was the merest
trash. Hllis wife owns a large amount
of property in the city, and chpre wern,.,
other patties to the bill besides Sur-
nett. This answer was filed, but not
considered by the court as an answer,
and the publication of it in a news-
paper was unseemly,.and must evince
to intelligent people that "the galled
jade winces." It does not meet the
point or contention, nud waspublished
for the purpose of obscuring the real
You ask how the work is to be done
on the streets? I answer, have the
city marshal oversee the hands at,
work or employ some competent man
not a member of the eouncil,'and have
the work done 'subject to the super-
vision of the street committee.
The complainants in the bill 'did
what any taxpayer has a right to do,
they filed their bill to restrain the,
council fatosa ..iisa' .pTepriatiii-"'thA
and illeg J tphposc. If you term that
"den-'on-strating to what level the ob-
stractionists will stoop to block pub-
lic improvement," Il that they have
to say by way of excIese ig that they re-
gret exceedingly thiat hey have been
Compelled to follow he council into
the mire, to stop the ',Waste of money
of which they are sunimy trustees.
f That the council knB.s, or ought to
have known, at the tit of entering I
into the agreement, or lPtract,hJfatt
They had no such right, I end copy
Sof the ordinance which hk, been the ]
law of the city for more thi twenty (
years, and was again re-ented in I
February, 1900. \
Section 8 of the ordinance rcq as
follows: "Be it further ord&d
That no alderman shall, under I
circumstanceL, b-a- bddair-for I
work offered to be done by the couo
cil of which' he is member, and that,
no member of the council shall in any
way be a contractor or interested in
any contract in which the town is a
This has always been the law. and
the above ordinance simply reaffltisi
it. This is also the law of the State,
and act of the Legislature, passed in
1891, iomitting the title,. reads as fol-

not a mem oB-o-r LidU UUUII U, rnAu V*. f
the work done 'subject to the super-
vision of the street committee.
The complainants in ',the bilild'id
Waakt any taxpayer has a right to .do,
they filed their bill to restrain th'..

and.ille. e.. Ifyauterm Chat
"den strating .to!f whit level the ob-
structionMis -will scoop to block jub-
lie i.mprovement,'a that..they have
to say by way of erx se ii that they re-
gret exceedingly th they have been
* compelled to, foUow 8he council into
the mire, to st. the Waste of money
Sof which they ai piln\ ly trustees. I
f That the council' in., or ought to
- have known, at the tIzn of entering
into the agreement, or tract,..hac
they had no such right, I\end copy
of the ordinance which h" been the
law of the city for more thi, twenty
years, and was again re-en \ted in
February, 1900. \
Section 8 of the ordinance r as I
follows: "Be it further ordal,
That no alderman 6halL, under\ '
circumsatances, b&-a2 Liddax-Io" ]
work offered to be done by the cou'
cil of which he is a member, and that
no member of the council shall in any
way be a contractor or interested in
any contract in which the town is a
This has always been the law. and
the above ordinance simply reaffiQ8s t
it. This is also the law of the Sigte,
and act of the Legislature, passed in
1891, omitting the title, reads as fol-
lows: b'
"Be it enacted by the Legislature of ,
the State of Florida, Section 1,'that it
shall be unlawful for any commissioned
or othe4 officer of this State or for any t,
officAr elected or otherwise., of any
county or incorporated town or city
therein tobid for or enter into, or be
in'any way interested'in, a contract for p
the working of any public Troad, 'qr :
street, tihe construction of or building S
of any bridge, the ereeting or building a
of any house, or the performance of ft
any other public work inwhich the
said officer waa a party to the letting.
"Section 2. Any person violating rhe
provisions of this act shall be guilty of
a misdemeanor, and upon conviction
shall be confined in the county jail not
exceeding 6neyear, or fined not ex-
ceeding $500, or both by fine and Am-
prisonnient, at the discretion of the n
judge. w
"All laws and parts of laws in Cn- (,
flict with this act.:are hereby ropeiil- i
ed. Approved May 19,1901." .1
Now, it. is evid.eut that the "ob- ia
structionists" were right and wise in si
filing their bill to restrain the council, bi
It is n'ot only right in this instance, cr
but will serve as a warning signal to 1i
future councils. Alr that is necessary at
for them to do in the present case is to w
see that no money is paid out on the
Contract, and if it has been paid to re-
Squiire its return. This will satisfy the
obstructionists. Respectfully,
E. 0. F. SAtcicEz.
Gainesville, October 17, 190";

r tw, sp vsrse-z'cn ucraruia .ri s
i : tormn.
[ co'ved, "~Tha the Conservative Democratic party
o of Florida congratulate the people or the Stale on the
favorable auspices under which, they have assembled.
for more than three years they have been blessed
v with a government which has faithfully fulfilled all the
promisess tinde to ibemKl in 1876. The onerous tax
under which the people suffered has given place to a
moderate rate of assessment, absolutely necesitry to
an economical administration ofgovern.nens: the laws
have been rigidly and energetically enforced; equal
protectiotihhas been extended to all persons within the
limits of the btate, without regard to race or color; and
this beneficent, prudent and economical management
has inured to the welfare and prosperity of the entire
peAple.- .
resolvedd, That we appeal to the sober judgment of
every hones; and unblaied cirlzen of Florida, of what-
everhfolitical affinities, In the contrast presenter[ by the
past three years of Democratic rule with the previous
ughlryears of Republican rule We appeal with con-
fidg.ne to every man in air midst who %aiues the bless-
ings ofa just, faith ful and prudent government, to sus-
taisaus in Lhec.ampaign,and wichiu, by the complete
and overuhelminq success of our candidates, to put an
end forever to the dangers which menace fomn a resto-
ration of.the Republicans to power.
.Resolved, That the preservation of good order, hon-
-eait xIpedditure of public funds, reducit ion ofi station,
i'tfidfihesbnllnuedprogre3s of material prosperity, pre-
sent ia'uea paramount to all mere questions of party ;
therefore, discarding the dead issucia and parry dissen-
sioas of the past, we appeal to the intelligent and hon-
est vote rofall parties and races tojoin hands with us
in support ofself-preservn'at ion.
Resolved, That the greatly increased influx ofin-
Ie~ljinlt'antn lid&itilius cities under the present
gEU' Adlinlatrafiou'ts a 'ouice of great gratification.
To thousand; already here aind the thousands soon to
[low, we extend a cordial welcome regardless of party
nd Pledge the State dminlitrmrion, If continued under
conservative control, to renewed efl'rts to increase the
tide of immigration I
Resolved, That the Conservative Democratic party
of Florida reaffirm their acceptance oflegitimnate issues
of the war: To all men in our mid.i, white and black.
we pledge the fullest poi'ible protection in the emeercise
of theirciv:l and political rights, recognluing fully an.
suita;ing that runramental law of the Sutae which gles'
to.ny"clhizen the right to vote as he pleases, an-I 1o
unei and publish his sentiments unditlurbed by menace
7ofviolencte and thrqaLs of disfr-,nchiLenient, and so
recognihig and sustaining ih.- right we denounce and
arraign ihe Republican party fir its systematic appeals
to mob violeutcbver thec-llored peopWl of this Stnte,
and fer rhesysrematic terrorism oatr iheid. which has
heen a regular appliance ofit. politics mr-clhinery. We
'pledge ourselves to protect esery citezenin the exercise
.fhlrlrigbts against all lawlessne';s to Lhe fulliest poLi
Lie extent. ,P
Reinlved;. That aie Conerv':.tive Democratic pirty
of 'lorida condemn and denounce in unqualified lan-
1ige the f.-,uuli in elections wh;cli h-ive been so fre-
queat oflte years. V e arraln the Republican lead-
er, and charge them with I.eig the author aiid.1 in:ri-
gators of theecenmes against the purity of the bhllot-
boh-. Billt whether perpeimited hy Repuhl;canc or men
calling themselves Democrats we condemn the-e acts as
*dAingerou; to our political intitutlons and rubveniveo,
our systemm ofgovernmert.
Resolved, That we favor a liberal public school syi-
tem exempt from all sectarian iiinflueics.
Resolved, That te favor the di-encumberment ofthe
Irnternal Improvement Fund of the State at the earliest
practicable moment and Lbaaaorison oflias hblc
IF Sout h Ftn re inrct;on of
A t d orida, and the completir.n
West Florich Apaac l river to Penacoa in
Resolved, That -efa ., ao
to the commerce Ot'th ahob l cie tmot lint
"h Ontrm, te acr orY thpi hat a ship Fa~h
+,. ,,.r,,+

~tt Fiat ballot . .. .. 8."5.. ..2
l^ 'a^ !^ 2,.1talu .... ....... 89 ... .. ....8 JIl B
r d. . . 81 .......... 312
4 n "a .. .... ..... 114
alth .. . . . 87 ........... 33
After the fifth ballot, Mr. Jno. B.
Dell, of Newnansville, was numin'a-
i tLd by M'hB. J. Etuar, of Waldo.
Mr Darby then withdrew. from
4the contest in favor of Mr. Dell.
I< While the sixth ballot was pend-
7" ing', Mr. Sanchez. appeared before
he conv-ention, and, in the following
remarks, withdrew his name from
fthe contest. He said:
COVCNTION : I thank you for the eoitr-
tey you extend to e in allowing me to
address 3 r.u. I have neser beun an aspil
rant lor the nomination for the Senate,
te and my namine has not been brouglit before
1 ,this cnremntlOi. of my niution or volition. r
c'f ao no' %ant tl be looked apon ais an "
aoS -h-are boon repeatedly fJ.
iasppronclied by -" n .
partion-,rmnLrt'rCT s ot ie coa htlf; ask IFr
l ictn allow my namnie to blie u.ed, but I'
|u'p as rrpealoeJl toldJ t.em I was not a re.
candidate. They told il I'.iat they intend. |I
ed to ue niy nmlie and t linminhte me rrc
ifur tIl e pio.iioni; thai t i.e sentinreni ef the ,la-
county was. tavoifrable to my nnmindtinn,
in {fiat they believed I was: the, n1pst-
available man, aud not until I jaw that .s-
they intended, whether or no to lo so, did. t.
I give any thought to the ntni nation. Bbi
At thle l'rc-tinc.c niering ar Oiinesrille, Ifor
SliOriic'le, nnd thi,.' pruienut.tlhatrprvre"ar Lt
une-f.urtlh ri (lie DenloCrniIC oltes uof tie
cunirtir, and, a is 6liuwn by die proceed- c ast
inlg. i ilia h rnctling. San'chez del, ates ,he,
we-rn elected by i vyle of more titan two to
one. I hIave tinid no c invas ior the no.i -
ination,and the feeling between niysell and .
Mr" liarhy, "y opponent, is, o10 far as I .*ch
nit concernied-, of rCli klitidest affid frierid ij-
esticliMractur. Tho voting already takenina--
placu doubtless shlows to (ie thinking Ilot
mind that l am the strongest ain in the
convention and I am satisflcd tlat not- n g"
ritlitrinnding the+'dark linrs'" hai beec. be
introduced, ih *t I have a iufflei-cnt number
of Iriend in hiis conveiitio:i, by a contest by
to secure my nomirnaio'-i. or to keep a i
nomination from being made; and those by
friends are wilting to stand by me/ I re-
gret, however, ith it tire few who are Nas
opposed to imc should have been driven to I
the neceaeilv'dTd suAbterfug&as fheiy have, on,
to try to defeuLt ; my letilllasn Tnc 'n
a.inindvd resolu:io:, inrtrodmced by my elf
Ln lite precinct mliang is in I rint and bn.
representf my ideas. That ha,. ben inF. Ied.
dustrioisly circulated to defeat nib. as
Th'e fact that at the opening of ll
this convention there were 50 of lieO 70,"
delegates tor Sanchez, (and that, notwili- tC
staindjng the energetic and, industrious
work of the prejudiced few), they have t.mi

,IBIT E~SOLVED, Thatthe l)em9qiracy
Iof Aiachua county, in *Ciaovention assem-
bled, most cordially invite all, if whatso-
ever pnliteal convticiin, to jbiin with us in
wh the present conteat in the effort to carry
not the county for lhabeock and English,
Ue4 Bloxham and Bethel, Finley and tho nom-
wh inesi' of this conventionN
ou RESOLVED, 2d; Thit we lheAtily endorse
SUithe platform of principles ad'ptedi by the
ielStaliConvention, and. that we cordially
pri acquieoce in the suggestion of said cunvan-
1oa ti-ask the manner in which- county
liv officalsr tai be noininatiid'by the people
Ot for appo:ntmei.t by tLie Governor.
f RKsoLVED, 3d. Thit our County F.xocu-
an tive Coimmitle6 be instructed to confer
theiwli tlhe State Executive Cemnmitte, and
ascertain their understanding of that clause
of i tlhu resululion ailoited by thu State
SConvention,a1ul.hort-Z-iig ,rinar. electIons,
inside the bar.
On motion of Mr. Fildes, it was
decided that balloting for nominua
tions should be vivi voce; the chair-
man of each precinct delegation
announcing the vote of daid delega.
On motion of 'Ir. G. A. M. Rains,
of Ar-redondo, the two-thirds rule
was adopted in the uomitlation of
Nominations for Senator being in
order, Mr. E. C. F. Sanchez was
nominated by Mr. R. M. Hall, of
Colernman'h School House.
Mr. T. A. Derby, of Bat.tQnvi l,
was nominated by Dr. L, Mont-
gomery, of Micanopy.
AMr. Howren, of Newqansville,
and Mr. Rains, were appointed
The roll of precincts being called
by the secretary, the vote stood as
follows, (47 beixi- ueceesary to a
choice ):

/mftje notn f tB-x Olhmsviftw for
my home, and thw 0:'t't
one-fourLthi of the Dehrofitl'votes of ilia
cuur.tv, a id, Ps is shown by the p'roeeed-est
iig, df the meeting. Sanchoz. deli'ates nthe,
were elected by a vyte of mor? thantwwo tn 1
i one. I have iaJe no civas lor' the non |
inaln.i,and the feeling between myself and ,.,|
Mr, I )arhy, my opponent, is, 10 far as Ic
ifn concerned, of thle kiudcbt and Irienril -
est charnetvr.. The voliag already talirbllina-
placu doubtless shows to the thinkingilloL
mind thatt I am the strongest mann in the -
convention and I amn satisfied that not- 'ng
witlihEnndtng the..'dark hnrsc." Wfas beey' be
iatroluced, tb ,t liave a ufflicipnt number
atof Iriend; in this 6ebnveirtion, by fer'-contcst by
to secure my nonrtinatio'i. or to keep aL by
nomination Irow bL'ing inadL; and thuse
friends are willing t') stand by mei I re-
gr-t, however, thit th'n fewv who are Was
oppr'sed to ine tT'iould have beep driven to f
the ne'es.aitv,'ST wiiLerfu-p .ii-y have, o,
to try to defeat my,. lW ii Tpefl
ain.:ndd, resolu:io:i introldluceo y my elf -il
in tlio precintL mLting Is id I riDL nd 01o.
rpTre6sents my ideas. Thalt lrh3..besiini- asked
tilitrioisly circulitcd to defeat mo. i as!
The fact titat at the opening 6f elle
this convention there were 50 of thi 70
delegates for Sandhez, (and that, nolwith- o
Etfiidjnig the unerpetic ana industrious
work of t'the prejudiced tew), they have sLolu
onl% been enabled to reduce my vote I, fro,
batisfies m, that whiiLP I uimay be defeated
I,. tlhe combination made, that thle ecnt-
ment of the connly is with iie. ,d to
I am not here. for the purpose of er atMg *hter
discord and dissentions, The r'solutian on
referred to w.as tbpught by mc tu be in the g
interest of the Democratic party, and I 'lg,
submit it to. youi calm consileritibn hint
and sound judgitaehi. Mr.
Mr. Chairman, with thl prmtilin'n oT' ;-to
my friends., many of whom stood by me
two years ago, and who have stood by n.e
to-day, and who are willing, with a zeal on
andlrfielity w6rthliy n0itheir'manli od,;to "Mr.
stand by me untii lu v numiniation bi' ve.
secured, and with many iTianks for t'eir itjct;
kind sdppor;, anirt their 1.op. and" assurahe
that they will never have.o.iaat, regret
their action, .nd wirh thanks to lthe con- 61,
vt.nlion lor its attention, and desiriihg to
no way to imar the bright p aspect under lWre |
which we enter this contest, and for the
purp',se of securing harmony, 'I respect-
fully withdraw my name from' theconiven- the
tio n.. I .
On motion of Mr. Fildes, Mr. wren
Dell was unanimously nominated by thort
Col. Dell was then introduced to sinse
the conventLion by Mr. Cosby, and n.
in a stirring speech, thanked the ,
convention for. the honor conferred, San-
...... t the
upon-him, and anaohnoed his pur- 'I aW
pose to Ado all in his power for the 't tie
success of the party min, the coming i
The convention fook a recess for
one hour. *
3:50 P: M.-The donventionV Was
called to order by the chairman;
Mr. Tildes, offered tife following'
resolution, which4was adopted:
nrsdL% ED, Tiiat the Deonocratic Execu.'
tive Committee of this coun y), is hereby
authorized by tho. Democracy of Alachua
county, in converrtio-iMatsemibled& to make
ia1l rules and-regulations neces&ary.-for the
maiig'ilenieit of th.,. eeitioirt on, the' 2d o"
Ntivember, thatt nillhbe, held' for the pur-
pose of recofameading county officers, for
appointiftient, by the 0Gve'nor, and that
the entire matiagementlof said' electionube
by tlieEx. 'Com.- .:,, _" %
Nominations for members of the
Assembly being'in cort-ir, thb. 'natnA

S .. -.... .:' ,irepuohcan lead-
ers and charge them with being the authors and inqti-
galon of.Lhee carimes against the purity or the- ballot.
box. Bit whether perpetuated by Republicans or men
calling themselves Democrat we condemn these actsas
dangeiou; to our political institutions and subversive o
our system of government. r
Resolved, That we favor a liberal public-school sys-
tem exempt from all sectarian influences.
Rciolved, That wve f4vr-the disencumberment orthe
Internal Impravement Fund or the Stateat the earliest I
prpttcable moment and the nation oaLlpubllc
and^s '01"^"^
he '8dJ from th e FlorIof
WetFlrda,.e Apalacehticola Joe
llst ve Tha~t w' e.acqla in
w~tPo. he cia A PJnV, f h ue ut os ctO
.osth crmerce th whotOace
r 6Our 3111y n e tat1ay-htch e
ecivtest our Sena I Nn5ilttsUla Ifp't2da ~,
V_ orato an lrsettW

H D. Howren, of Newnansvlle, C.
FidaB, of Gainesville. G. A. M.
R4in;s, -S0, bf Ariedondo, S. Mm
Jjughter, of Wacasassa, and B. F. m

Ou motion 4f Mr. D.irby, Mr. [
Slaughter was nominated by accia-
m ation. S W V
Mr. Wilson movedth 4fiides
also be nomwia
I roposld as a substi
-ia]t cre ballot be tLken for
Sthe remaining candidates, and that
the three receiving the highest
number of votes .be declared the
n orni els of this convention..
Mr. Bitch moved that all uomi
nations be l.id on the table ; which
Dr. Carew moTeX that nomina-
tiong be now in order; that one ballot
be taken and that the. three receiving
the highest numabei of votes be
nominated by acclamation.
M'tr. Blitch moved to amend by
having the. nominations governed by
the two-thirds rule.
The rnotio n as -ameud.d was
Messrs. Fildes, tains, Livingst,n.
Raulersori, Craig, Howren and
Markey were placed in nomination.
i Messrs. Rains and Howreni assed:
to be relieved of their duties as
tellers, and Messrs. N. R. Gruelle
and John 0. Cosby were appointed
in their stead. .
The names of Messrs. Livingston
and Markey were withdrawn from
the list of candidates.
Mr. Joseph Warren announced to
the conention that Mr. Slaughter
refused to serve as a candidate; on
motion, therefore, Judge T. F, King,
Mesp.Raiis a.d Darby werb appoint
led a c)mmittee- to wait oil Mr.
Slaughter and request him to
serve; -: .
SThe committee withdrew and on
their return reported that Mr.
Slaughter had consented to servo.
On the call of the roll of precincts
the vote on the first ballot stood as
follows: Craig 68, Howren 61,
Fil-J's 51, Rains 32.
: Messrs. Fildes, Craig and Ho. roa
h-ivj'g receiveJ ch e nc-cesary two-
thirds were threfore dteclard the
nominuea for the Assermbly.
AMessrs. Fildes, Craig and Howren
addressedd the convention in short
arid applopl:riate Speeches.
i.: The convention adjourned sine
die. "W. N. SHEATS, Chairman..
m M. E. MILLER, Secretary.. I
N i r.-''iCIC m t'OfUTU.IOU refel I d It- Il Mr. San-
cte-', apc, 04, aB ieogL fX'f3led h1 IBTft ast tr e
Gillntslle pre.iuct ri tlsng, le. ,l : "]'hat ni
who L-,opsE o ,) tU. te Dei-,).i itl t [kkr-t dt the '
apple -i,,unir eli.t.)n, nt- alIOwd to VrCLe lu-nlighL I
ragur, L .e f prevloas pai tl aftlLiatlon,."



He Advises Women To Shun the Politi-
cal Arena-Divorces Steadily Growing
More Numerous-Beyond All Propor-
tion to the Increase of Population.

By Telegraph to the TIlUES-NiMON.
BALTIMORE, March 1.-Cardinal Gibbons
to-day preached a sermon on marriage and
divorce. Dariug his remarks he narrated
how Pope Clement VII, refused to
sanction the divorce of Henry VIII.
from his lawful wife Catharine of Arragon
and how Pnlus VII, when solicited by Na-
poleon, refused to annul the marriage be-
tween the amperqr's brother, Jerome, and
Miss Patterson, who were married In Bal-
timore by Archbishop Carroll in 1803. He
"Christlau wives and mothers, what an
immense debt of gratitude you owe to
Christ and his churcho for your emancipa-
tion, and the dignity which vou enjoy in a
Christian commonwealth. It yon are no
longer the slayer of man's passions, like
the women of Asia, but his peer and cqual.
ifyou are no longer a tenant a'. will, ltk.c
the wives of pagan Greece and Rmrne. but
the mistress of your household; It you are
no longer confronted by usurping rivals |
like Mohammedan and Mormon wives,'
but are the queen of the domestic
Kingdom, you, are Intiebted for 1
this position to the church, and I
especially to the sovereign pontiffs !
Whohave vindicated your honor when as-1
sailed by lustful men.
*I said you are the queen of the domestic
kingdom. If you would retain that em-
pire, shun the political arena, avoid the
Srostrum, beware of unsexing yourselves.
SIf you become embroiled In political agita-'
tlon the queenly aurela that encircles your
brow will fade away and the reverence
that is paid to you will disappear., If you
have the vain ambition of reigning in pub-
lic life, your domestic empire will be at an
"The subject of divorces is invested with
a painful interest in our own time and
country. There are more divorces legally
granted In the United States than any
other Christian country-more perhaps,
than in all other Christian countries com-
bined. In the space of twenty years, ac-
cording to official statistics, from 1867 to
1886, inclusive. 360,000 divorces were
granted in the United States; that Is to say
that two-thirds of a million persons were
legally separated during that time. The
number of divorces has steadily increased
since that time and beyond all proportion'
to the general increase of the population.
"Divorces are granted on the most
flimsy pretexts and throughout the corin-
try divorce courts are established which
are very appropriately called divorce
mills, since they grind out divorces with
1 '--44"- -A i ---i,^i

JXUE15 .rmi.LLOLB',nu l..... ....*.. ._ --- ^H
timore by A.ohbishop Carroll In 1803. He
"Christian wives and mothers, what an
immense debt of gratitude you owe to
Christ and his churab for your emancipa-
tion, and the dignity which von enjoy In a
Christian commonwealth. It yon are no
longer the slayer of man's passions, like
the women of Asia, but his peer and equal
it you are no longer a tenant at. will, lit
the wives of pagan Greece and Rams. but
the mistress of your hou hold; if you are
no longer onnfronted bf usurping rives[
like Mohammedan and Mormon wives,
but are the queen of the domestLiolc
kingdom, you are Indebted for I
this position to the church, and I
especially to the sovereign pontiffs'i
who have vindicated your honor when as-
sailed by lustful men.
"I said you are the queen of the domestic
kingdom. If you would retain that em-
pire, shun thii political arena, avoid the
rostrum, beware of unsexing yourselves.
SIf you become embroiled in political agita-
tion the queenly aurela that encircles your
brow will fade away and the reverence
that is paid to you will disappear., If you
have the vain ambition of reigning in pub-
lic life, your domestic empire will be at an
"The subject of divorces Is invested with
a painful interest in our own time and
country. There are more divorces legally
granted in the United States than any
other Christian country-more perhaps,
than in allt other Christian countries com-
bined. In the space of twenty years, ac-
cording to official statistics, from 1867 to
1886, inclusive. 860,000 divorces were
granted in the United States; that is to say
that two-thirds of a million persons were
legally separated during that time. The
number of divorces has steadily increased
since that time and beyond all proportioni
to the general increase of the population.
"Divorces are granted on ,the 3gost
flimsy pretexts and throughout the coun-
try divorce courts are established which
are very appropriately called divorce
mills, since they grind out divorces with
such rapidity and crush out happiness
from the domestic roof. Let Imagination
picture to itself the number of homes
made desolate by this destroying angel:
the number of husbands and wives whowe
hearts are crushed and whose spirits are
broken; the number of children that are
cast upon 'the world bereft of a father's
protecting arm aud a mother's love, who
dare not cling to one o-their parenas. with-
ouk wreath the jealoiusy and hatred of
the other.
"But is it not, young nay say, cruel and
heartless to compel a husband and wife to
live together who cannot so live in peace,
i and who are entirely estranged from one
another? Answer that the lawsot the
Gospel do not oblige such persons to dwell
together, if there is no hope of reconcilia-
tion between them. They are allowed to
live apart ann to obtain divorce from bed
and board.
S"But, you will Insist, is it not cruel and
unnatural to condemn such persons to a
life of forced celibacy after they are sepa-
rated; would it not be more merciful to
permit them to enter into sacred nuptials
and enjoy the society of a congenial
partner in marriage? You speak of mercy
to the separated couple? But is no mercy
to be shown to the peace and good order of
society? Is no mercy to be shown to the
gospel of Christ, which upholds our so-
"All laws are made for the common good,
.and every lawhas its personal inconven-
iences. If yrsu abrogate the law because
of its incl(.antal annoyances, you under-
mine all le lslation. It is on that princi-
ple that an atheist objects to the observ-
ance of Stunday, when he would prefer to
work, alid that the saloon-keeper objects to
the cloning of his store, when he would
rather seolp. It is better that one man
Should suffer than that the whole nation
Should perish. Better, far better, that in a
few individual cases divorced people should
be forbidden to marry, than that the
foundations of the sacred edifice of society
should be undermined."
Witness George Ma-care Gives Come
Very Important Testimony.
By TeLegieraph to the TIMES-UNION.
NEW OBLUANS, March 1.-The Hennessey
assassination case was resumed yesterday,
before Judge J. G. Baker. George Mascare
testified that he passed by Monesterio's
cobbler shop on Guail street, near Basin
street, about 11 p.m. on the night of Oato-
ber 15, 1890. He saw a light in the shop
and heard' voice, and saw five or six men
standing under a grocery shed opposite.
He recognized two of them.
Witness then identified Scaffedl and
Monasterlo as two of the men. The identi-
fication caused a profound sensation in
Zachary Foster, a colored man, said
he was returning from a meeting at 11
o'clock that night, and saw three men,
with shot-guns or long pistols, pointed as i
it to fire, standing in front of the alley-
way near Monasterlo's shanty. They fired
at a man approaching in light clothing.
Foster stopped and saw the man in light
clothes brace himself against the wall and
fire back at the four men who were shoot-
Aug. The faces of three of them he saw
Sdistinctly and identified them as Scaffedi,
Marches and Politz.



Judge George M. Nolan, of Orange county, in
a communication to the Jacksonville limes-
Union, says
"If Jeffersonian principles of Democratic gov-
ernment are correct, and certainly they consti-
tute the theory upon which our governmental
structure in erected, then it is true that the sta
ability of the government, the perpetuation of
good principles and responsibility of office-
holders depend upon elections, and frequent elec-
tions. *
"The man who is afraid of elections is afraid
of the people. He is unwilling to trust the vir-
tue and intelligence of a majority of his fellow
Hon. R. B. Hilton, of Leon county, in the
Times- Union of June 28th, says:
"Turn to the American Almanac and Treas-
ury of Facts for 1884, the latest at hand, page
179, and you will find that Georgia has three
Judges of her Supreme Court elected each for
four years, each with a salary of $2,500." * *
"In my private opinion, founded on such in-
vestigations as I have been able to make, North
Carolina, in the race of progress, is outstripping
all the other Southern States with the exception
of Texas. She has bigger and blacker belts'
than Florida. Such men as those mentioned are
willing to serve her at the salaries mentioned;
are elected to their high places by the
much-dreaded people, under the system of
manhood suffrage; the people showing
themselves by repeated trials capable of choos-
ing them, a work for which we are told that the
people of Florida are entirely unfit I" * *
For a number of years after the admission of
Florida into the Union she had btb four Judges,
Circuit and Supreme. These, in 1850, were Hon.
Thomas Douglas, Judge of the Eastern Circuit
and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court; Hon.
Thomas Baltzell, Hon. George S. Hawkins, Hon.
J. B. Lancaster, Judges, respectively, of the
Middle, Western and Southern Circuits, and As-
sociate Justices of the Supreme Court; all coinm-
petent and well qualified, not adrunkard among
them, and not one of then appointed by the Gov-
Hon. S. Y.Finley, of Alachua county, in a let-
ter to the Chairman of the Judiciary Commit-
tee, says:
The people are awaiting with bated breath
the issue of the gallant fight which they expect
you and their genuine friends in the Convention
to make in favor of the majority report of your
committee, especially for the election of the
Judges. They are tired of the appointing sys-
tem. They have tried it under the Republican
and Democratic rule, and feel that they are conm-
petent to elect all their officers. This is thile pre-
vailing public sentiment, and it is, in my opinion,
right. It is the sentiment of the people of your
county, and you a nd your associates were (lect-
ed upon the expectation of your support of tihe
principle of the election of all the officers from
Governor to Constable."
Hon. Oliver P. Johnson, of Polk county, in a
letter to a member of the Convention, says:
"If it be true Democracy to elect any officers,
not provided for in this old 1868 relic of carpet-
bagism, it must hold equally good as to all offi-
cers. If the Russian idea is to prevail, or Czar-
ism, better adjourn the Convention sine die, and
all the delegates go home. See thle crimes (homni-
cides) which have grown out of the personal
government I Who dares, as a Circuit Judge, or
a Supreme Court Judge, to assume that his per-
soul popularity or fitness for office shall not be
tested by a vote of the people, who are, un ler
the spirit and genius of our Government, the
masters and creators of their officers? We
openly and emphatically declare further, that
any-Judge or other public officer who is not
willing to trust himself or his tenure of office
upon the popular vote of his constituency is un-
worthy of the name of a Democrat, and has
denied the faith and is worse than an infidel.' "
Hon. R. B. Hilton, in another communication
to the Times- Union, says:
Before the war we knew in Florida none but
a State elective judiciary-chosen either by the
Legislature, as in the beginning of the State
government, or by the people from 1854 up to
the breaking out of the war. None of our
Judges were then appointed by the Governor.
I maintain, and the history ot the State, if ever
truly written, .will attest the fact, that during the
- whole of that time we had learned, able and up-
right Judges, Circuit and Supttine. Fr0in first
to last never one drunkard among the list, albeit
the cost of living was then higher than now and
the salaries paid then lower than now. I give
you the names of all the Judges serving by vir-
tue of popular election at the breaking out of the
"Of the Sapreme Court-Charles H. DuPont,
Chief-Justice; William Forward, David S.
Of the Circuit Court-B. A. Putnam, J. M.
Baker, J. Wayles Baker, Allan H. Bush, Thomas
F. King.
"I say these, and each and every one of them,
were able, upright and sober Judges. Will any-
body tell me whether under the appointing sys-
tem, as introduced by our present Constitution,
the number of Judges who have brought re-
proach upon themselves, the judiciary and the
State by drunkenness, has been half, less than
half or more than half of the whole number?
"Why, Mr. Editor, do yoi not see the be tuti
ful working of the appointing system glaringly
presented in your own city ? Ot your local ju-
diciary, nine or ten I believe, all appointed by
the Governor, am I not right in saying that
everyone is under presentment by your grand
jury, ex-Governor Drew foreman, for malfea-
sance or nonfeasance in office; the findings of
the grand jury having been confirmed, in the
main, by the investigations of the Attorney-
General, and your State's Attorney ? It would be
iateresting to know how many of these discred-
ited Judges were appointed by the Governor, on
petitions signed by members of the Jacksonville
bar now clamorous for the continuation of the
same system of Gubernatorial appointment."
The following appeared in the Jacksonville
Times-Union of July 10th, and is understood to
'be from the pen of that pure and able jurist and
statesman, Hon. J. J. Finley, of Marion county :
OCALA, FLA., July 8.
To the Editor of the Times-Union.]
The people of Florida are now standing on
tiptoe.waiting with inexpressible anxiety the ac-
tion of the Convention now in session upon the
question of the manner of choosing the judges.
The people, led by a safe and patriotic instinct,
which has always adhered to the American peo-
ple, feel that the elective system ought to be
adopted rather than the appointing system.
Against the views and desires of the people on
this great question the politicians and office-
holders have arrayed themselves, and, "stealing
the livery of Heaven to serve the devil in," their
cry is, "Keep the ermine pure."
Let us analyze all this twaddle about the" pur-
ity of the ermine." Let us go to the bottom of
the two systems.
It is claimed by that class of so-called pro-

found thinkers who favor the appointing system
that the Judges should be kept free from the
poisonous taint of politics, and therefore that
they ought to be appointed by the Governor
and be made independent of the people. Letus
see. Judges are but men, endued with good
emotions and bad passions like other men, sus-
ceptible of gratitude as well as liable to preju-
dice, and, like other men, easily influenced by
motives of self-interest. The appointing system
appeals to the best attributes that God has given
to man, that of gratitude, to make the Judiciary
Department subservient to the Executive De-
partment. It has been beautifully said, "If there
is one crime greater than the rest, in all the
guilty train of human vices, that crime is in-
gratitude." If a Governor appoints a Judge he
feeds and clothes and educarte ihe laiudlv ol
that Judge, and gives him an -in. i ii.il p..; i,.n
among his fellow men. The inevitable conse-
quence of such an appointment is to fetter that
judge by chains of gratitude stronger than links
of iron, binding that Judge, his mind and his
soul, to that Goveruor, and through the Gov-
ernor to the influential partisans to whom the
Governor is indebted for his election.
Instead of liberating thle Judges from politics
the appointing system mnikes them strong par-
tisans. It allies them to the Governor, and
through the Governor to every political sup-
porter having any prominence in the party. In
a word, there springs from this system of ap-.
pointment a natural allegiance between the
Governor, the Juiges and all the big and little
political satellites-extending even to the cross-
road and curbstone politician.
It is mere sophistry to talk of demagogues be-
ing chosen as Ju.oges by the people. The people
know that anll upright and capable judiciary is
their greatest ; l[:.i e'.l, I and can better be
trusted with ti..- ,rei.,.] of the Judges than a
Governor, who is nothing more than the bell
cow of the herd of politicians.
lion. B. W. Powell, of Alachu-i county, in a
letter to the Chairman ot the Judiciary Com-
mittee, says:
"It seems to be the strong conviction of the
people that it is their reserved right to express
by their suffraigres at the ballot-box who sliall be
their rulers. They want to vote directly lor
every officer in the State from Governor to con-
Hon. W. H. Wigg, of Putnamn county, says:
"The people expect it, and the Judiciary
should be elected."
B. W. Fontane, of Alachua county, in a letter
to the Chairman of the Committee, says:
'" I have read the majority report of the Judi-
ciary Committee, and heartily approve of it.
The p-ople want the Judges elected, and have
been watching your course, and approve it, andi
wish you success."
Hon. J. J. Finley, of Marion county, in a let-
ter to the Chairman of the Judiciary Committee,
Since my return from Sumter county, I have
read the majority and minority reports of the
Judiciary Committee, and my attention has been
especially attracted to the difference between
them in regard to tile min-iner of selecting the
Supreme and Circuit Court Judges. In my
judgment neither of thle plans proposed are free
from objection, but I am strongly inclined to the
opinion that their election by the people will, in
thile long rAn, be found to be thile safest and best.
I have not time th present all the reasons which
have led me to this conclusion, but will briefly
observe that if the people are capable of electing
their LegisLitors to make their laws, and their
Governor to execute their laws, I cannot see
why they are not also capable of electing their
Judges to administer the laws. It is true that
thle people may sometimes make a mistake in
electinQa a Judge, but it is also true that a Gov-
ernor may sometimes make a mistake in ap-
pointing a Judge, ,nd the Senate may make a
mistake in confirming the Governor's appoint-
ment. If the Governor makes a mistake in ap-
pointing, it cmin be corrected, after the judicial
term expires, by appointing a more fitting man.
If thle people mke a mistake, it can becorrectel
at the next election. So that, in this respect the
two plans stand off against each other on the
same possibilities of mistake and on the same
opportunities of correction. If the people elect
a bad or incompetent Judge, they will be the
sufferers, and will have no one to blame but
I think it is quite logical to say, that if the peo-
ple are incapable of electing good Judges, they
are also incap ible of electing their law-makers
and Governors.
Hon. John D Westdctt, Jr., l.te Associate
Justice of the Supreme Court of Florida, in a re-
cent interview, says:
"I am in favor of an elective judiciary, on the
plan suggested by the Judiciary Commitvee of
the Convention. I think that it the people l)O-
sess sufficient intelligence, honesty an I good
judgment to elect, through the electoral college,
a President and Vice-President of the United
States, nothing inervening between such exer-
cise of the elective franchise and such election
except a convention of the pirty whose candi-
dates those officers may be; if they have suffi-
cient integrity, honesty and good judgment to
elect the Governor of the State, nothing inter-
vening between the primaries and the exercise
of the elective franchise by them except a nomi
nation by the party represented by such Gov-
ernor; it they have, in like manner, sufficient
integrity, honesty, and good judgment to elect
all the administrative officers of the Govern-
ment, and also the members of the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State Govern-
ment, as well as all the county officers and Rep..
resentatives in the lower branch of Congre s, I
cannot see how, when a Judge is to be elected,
that honesty, intelligence and good judgment
vanish at once, and thile people become the popu-
lace, controlled by everything except what is
dictated by such honesty, intelligence and good
"lu twenty-four States of the Union the elect-
ive system prevails, and, as a rule, the decisions
of the Courts so constituted stand equal to those
where appointment prevails.
"An elective judiciary was advocated by Mr.
Jefferson, and most of the Fathers of the Re.
public had the same full and abiding confidence
in the integrity, honesty and virtue of the
"Again, if the voice of the people, as expressed
in the last election, amounted to anything, it
was to a plain expression o f jealousy of their
power in reference to every department of the
State government; and if there was anything
said by the Democratic speakers in the last can-
vass with peculiar emphasis, it was an expres-
sion of entire confidence in the people, and in
their ability and right to choose all their
own officers for themselves without restriction.
The expressions were: Down with the kingly
power!' Down with Executive appoint-
ments!' 'Up with the people, and the re-estab
lishment of their rightful prerogatives !'
"I think there can be no more mischievous
union of powers than that of the Executive and
the Judicial; it is in fact prohibited by the letter
of most Constitutions; and I think the power of
appointment will, to a considerable extent, in-
volves this dangerous blending of powers, and
should be avoided if possible."


I -

V WL-.

_.r~eA vesettiicttdfl, or mone~

'. ~IO Ml0 R-4X THE 2,D STRICT. .
.lcks' Loqultur at Qninesvili....E 2T
"So our ship or State,with (our millions os bhort items of Interest which Trans-
rSifoed rsfrighted freemen, is Inboring in a pired at laluesvIlle During
'aree s b n Friday, the 12th Inst.
fei'ful tempest. The masts end spars are
shattered, the sails rent, the rudder is dia-
.' For Congressional .eludidates,flon. C.Drew
g abled, and the vessel is on the point of being was nominated n a Mr: .sbee, seconded
engulfed, in the yawning hell of waters.
Roll after roll of deafening thunder reverber-.Y Mr. J.o. C. P. Cooper. of Dom ae county,
taes along the angry heavens, while from in H. Rope' was nominated by JudQe
the dark clouds, vivid flashes of lightning F King, of Alachus, seconded by E.4.F.
an~clez, of Alachua. Eon. Chase. Dougherty
throw a momentary brightness around the s of A yahu. o. C. Dougherty
horizon. The eyes of the almost desparintx 'as nminted bys br Gen. Anderson,f
H amilton clounty,seconrled by3h.Anesn
passengers are strained to catch some hope of Vrolusis county. Col. Robt. Bullock was
of escape from their appalling situation. nominated by Gen. J. M. Comnisuder, ot
Lo I in the distance, a godlike form appears, Marion. Maj, A. J. Russell, was nominated
clad in blue and beat lng in his hand the
brand Escalibur. In tones that inspire hope
and revive confidence, he cries out "Be not
afraid! It is I. U.S. Grant.
As the deliverer, "the silent man," the
man of destiny," and "theman on horseback,"
did not. reach the distressed vessel, it is to be
supposed she has foundered, and that not a
soul survives to tell the sad disaster. Site
was so leaky and in such unseaworthy con.
dition that the underwriters would not taLe
a risk and she was consequently a total loss.
Alas I poor W. W. H.
.-.-w-,, -..:r.m.' ,
Jones to he His UWn successor.
T:ALLARALEE. Jsnuiry'l9, 1881.
Special to Tea UNIoN.
In the Dem criticc 9%pen, last night, on
the first tballot J nei received lixty-eight
vo'ep, l,r;ng el-ven, McWhorter two, B-r-
nart one, Sh,,ron on-, Blank 'me. Jones was
nominated by Niblack, of Columbia, and
scended 6~y McKay, of Tampa. Loring was
nminateil by John B. Dell and seconded by
H-wertui, of Alachua. &kogav. Dell and
fluwening red speeches. MeKay was re.
-p ,adedi To with deafening cheers. Dyke 1
was nominated for Stte Printer. The Fair
really comm-n-ees to-day. It is clear and .
the weather charming.
The Fair is progressing satisfactorily 'I
I Ezhibirs del 'ydd are coining in. The col.
leotin of agricultural products is muilen
larger th-in last year. The prices are to be
ext-nd-d into next weeb, and will be ex.
ceptionall, tin Ffity fine race l,,rses are
here. Dr. C. ): Kei wor.hy. of your city
will Ilc'nure to.nLaght at 7: 39, in the Aesemt
l.ly 114l, Uki tl.eme will have reference to
the sa,.i''-y laws of the State.
The nomination. tor Cabinet positions .
were sent in to-ujy. It is said that Craw .,, -;
ford is to 'Abs Secretary of State; Ranpv.
'.. . .:. .. ..
_ Attn ,rn-..G-.neral ; reni., Cn.mptrolle 2,J
L'Englp, Ties-ur r; E. K. F star, Suineriq -. j..
tentent of E-lucation; Yonge, Adjutn-ant '.3, ;'4.
Gntneraj. The C,,mainioner of F.adt..6_V7 5 t


Dr. CarroU'is StatiticL
The Christian Advocate, according to
its annual custom, presents in- a recent
issue the statistics of the various
churches in the United States. These
have been pieparod by Dr. H. IK Car-
j11 ,l assistant secretary of the board of
,foreign missions. .
The grand total for all 3mligious bod-
li6s for 1907, arer'blergydiht, 161,731;
-'churches, 210,19;, comwjiniqaints, 82,-
983;158. This representts gaix for the
'year as follows: Clergiymenl, 2,301;
Churches, 4,2-14; comminaicats, 627,-
j546. The ordr'.oqf the principal de-
a- Mlninatlons for 1907 is as follows:
Catholic ........ .11i,654,495 .
Methodist....... 6,660,784
S Baptist ........ 5,224,305
Lutheran. .... .2,02,606
Presbyterian...... 1.821,504
Episcopal ..6.. 830,69
Reformed........ 430,468
Latter Day Saints.. 389,000
United Brethren .. 289,652
Evangelical ....... 173,641
Jewish ....... ....148,000
-I Friends. ..... .... 122,081
S Dunkards........ 121,705
Adventists ....... 99,298
- .Z Mennonhites...... 61,690

i ,,N ra'ioT will you build churches,
S give missions, found dchools-
S-ill your works, all your efforts wtil be
Sdeirayed if you are not able ro wield
t he dfensiv& ard off eIsio we eapon of
a loyal and sincere Catholic press.
--Pope Pfis s .

i 11 .- .
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j, ,V
r ""

Z.. LL -R


readers, and let's have a change of con-
ditions here. Y. Z.
Editor of the Kick Column:
I read with much regrett te Item In
your Issue of yesterday to th g 4wtih
the Daughters of the Coq04bracy.-'.
Savannah ha& iecUtsed to 't'1 a wrest
to decorate the bitr of Lie.'eahe I.1
Gen. Longstret, my old omimnand,
These lad lea safaen to blove f rgatAn tbo.
old proverb, "De mortis .n1t 1 ysj
bonum." Fortuna'tely. however, thi revf-
uta.tilon of the general as cnaiagflr of
the First Corps of the Army of'Notth,
Ltllrn aln. glstanee
those who followed him on many a hard

fought, Mild. ;Ilt is a WIl knoWn tet. t,
air or otir vofli tha tgmgstreet's!.'m
mand often held the entire Fedal fPoroet
In cipeck while Gen. Jackson. (0the '-b
loved "Stanftall") was. B 5ldB",''A
flank movements. Of the general's post
beliumn record it seems to rme he waa
only ir adva*ckaf tes tibn In accept-
ing Federat offle b soon\ after the war;
but since theq Gens. Mo.awa, rIltzhugh
Lee and Joe Wheeler li~ve all served
the United States government. It a also
to be remembered that Gen. Longstreet
at the close of the war had lost hie pro-
fession (having always been a Soldier),
on aecounmt of hif being In the Oonfe1er,
ate army, and h9 was obliged to aecep
Federal office. I, have no wreath to -sen
my dear old oolmmlnander, and can only
offer thls very %ioor tribute 16 'hi glo-
rious military record. ''Requlescat ;-iq
pace." Very resBpacttully,
Late Sergeant Second Regiment, SoUth
,.Carollna Vohlm -

* *- ,,* :. .'

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. i ,,'.: ,-,' .' ,- ftl =

t : ...
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Yk '';'+ : ''

A.5dot~ern View of the Negro; ;A|

ljest,,i,1Maborer in the boatin Unidh-

If sonic crItlcs would-t v the SouLh to nearly all parts of rhe- Soutlheast for [twn.
1 express her view of tMe negro instead of tI .ear.q. arind am prepared to state a.- art
b putting one of their own In her Tiituih. absolute fact that there Is less friction
'4' there would be a far better tinder.tlindins alorg the olor lie- than at the beginning
o rrn-any tiling- and con.itlr ris Inii hi- :- of thi 11',- t co d:.cadcs Thcre will be no
',- Lion. when ali. acept-,ed as problems by negro exodu.'. nor colonization Vhatt is
thoe who think thrms.:',s6 the wise men Lhe dream of the rainbow-chnsers 3-4C
01o'at tle earth Now a ray of light A throne 13 the bono and olnew of our sub-tBtial
E Is t growth: Fend him away ar.d the drcoma-
on Liae picture I,' Charm. J Haden of A" tie t111 rust In the ro;cr.d--ouse. and
Slanra, uhen ne spr'yKe oefor- tOe Illln'i-, the sails flap Idly In our ports' The sweat
Bankers' Asociatinon as fo'li.), 7. of his broad% Is in every highway, in every
Among the resoilirc.. ,t.: tnh Soutin -i rI iliay embankment in every great Ira-
mA s Jijiigtderint Inr best ma it. lab-i Tle provement. public and private: he hria
i.egro the plain toiling. laughin', ael:- "carrncd the right to a home among uq;
J ..f ed n-,gro. i- the bc-.t laborer Inr, tn.: Latln our people are his friends; we know his
[VI^nloi ot rea.tl:Ti-i Ho F i.elungq t 110 orb,,' status and he know It. rnnd the mahknery
1uniorn He t.1tI do tr,'ie woark aid dl 1' it c' our E,:,al 'and indu-lirial systems nr.ve
more rontrit-Edl, thani: any a..-:r t t, I In i preri.,ct ,ic-,' d. W',I11 may the North
ll n _v a :v fii t. hI i d I t r it s ti.-l ri.`l I h-j .I .earn i'.r thdt dJ.1 when between hhp
& tl I...... i e*l-,,i mLu ti.! iat.n-rr.- Ir.,rri it BI y ,E bjr in,1 11,1h tiiii i the1 sdm cr trdrqiill lei .-
3 If Naplen t, tti. j'-:.idvn 0-,i-: \'or.ki;hg ti il, .: in_"tored.
I, ;i,' l ti+i er n .1 l dJ,:.r. hi- -t-.'i .id t. tile: bdi[l,: .1 riir'lmin itiga w.is
iri )k- t io'-.J .- the Ini cv , S-.f in.n -m'izi I i'd'- diia i lfior in -rr" : l -.-',nty
.. f < "3 Ri'-nr. ,l! iiniio i" .i "w.:-i ihig a..V." rlr l i ,i0 %a N iot a. whit,' trin -a, nn thL
i-t.a k 'icvo"h n hOllr.h .'l Ir a ill' i -lhil ):. pl in station Th. wIily 't ii-i we hail
ith'" %olume of gm.'-id tlihep-,r win n liil.':il tni .i. Celei1t the tillg- ,itl rrbbtc- li -it knilk
~"a *"arc: periorrni,:d. 1'lh.,ii hi_ ;t[Oirin.i.i f I' t 'l iI tl ," l.i.-i.',, [ o en a-rm .,. .crc- black
S his heart i.-r li' ht M v Irn ulrie:- mon; .)n li Thaliit rhip,\ a.r e l I o tin- truit.
n''en ori experi.ent.: in' emplioyer c ,r nr.'- e1'o:Li tliui.i eii their own lib-rt 'v.'as In thi
.rorn- ehli't the tact tnat l e n a, r% i'w .r a cale .f' % rir IE c- ld-ered by my pie.sEnce
knotn t.) orgarnl:., a. strike, nor e .:n take here. t'e- humdrn dorajmenit i, ihi- iree.l-
". S a Spart Inr one except In a few cas-e., woi:re men mari.- u',ba.sed than the la\e'? Is he
**B,- ^ he. was Inniuenccd b',.. hi ahit. ccnt-laoor-r.s. ilt 'till es tai.lhful? Has *t-he k-opert
,Nsraere is property n'ior- si: frr,,in chanei his spot'-? Thenr are fewer of
o fi danger Lt' strikes and rl,-,t 'hnan In the him n.-" thSt S', Mars, John. arnd there
4^South n ,d, not bI.ii thnt ,r ti' i-'.r- are those ,tmune u mi-n and aomen who
y ears- c1her_ has lieei a n ;.c'o ri1 wortl.- f':el tr,-ar t ', unr I,, I t.;3 luster after Ap-
iU the. na ine Tankr .,if printer ink naei-l Lomalt,.T .hn> i n,'.l.n'ng bujr dlP.nSaia7.-
I' ben c, izns -um-, Il nead-llne.s of iegir'. In Lh_ passing :-" that g.'i"d old phras.T-.
trOdoBole 10 ver', drop, ,it blood that h ir' hi-r hl: bo'.bIldrV Others far aaav-
0 ? bl-thu oa.-en spilled Tr'e real n, :tro pro-blem 'uill:' rir-'nct. insit hi-t .lii .i l vill ,-.n
i e ,' is to fid an r.tl-It3xni e that ,..ill i:ure ih.: ,:irth v. il n-,i Lie until the colored mon
raoni writer,; .i.i- p.ilitic.an ".no ma'ke i- in l th- -Ircil- Of Lh" 4, i 'Mhi he nI,_ ,r,"
c-f the ir,,.,', r- m.in ',f stra f'or p igilis-ric cants. true rank n- d file that make iI,
i' exhbttli, '"b;- real negro r hiz d l'". tne cr', rl l it LO,- guth it r:a.e'.
h is [r wt u ,d h ,iui lii' ]' l ii m irt l tlr ii i,. ,- i n l g o o rl [a g. T r" F -' ri g F t- -'i j
s'-iois orf ih- .r t'.itax wire-i, .i ii'- hI' ep'i.:.-s It' ] ,:h i %%, tro- da-
G. B ;,-'f !.m- and, cr. uut ri r 7 .hrr, L.'1 ri r- I r r'.ll-' ."iRl:t the N oun .
St.ne t dr1' nmir i tzAd the. p-.their: i-I-, .-l tr,- *ilr-il- ,,-. ,I| i *-f th,' Molly
W 'I i. h .-his li.c. and Reverend Dr Nlx:on dram t- MNJa .Ir,:- ihit o".:v- t-.. u i. le ii? Sciu'.lt,kill
tlF (Ic d th1e ira u,. sil, botil are _'tralncj illt -'-v. tlic H i.' m.i' : r.-- -',I. .. oIf ('Inl.-
,nd urnaturjl TA t ntIl -il. :. c rr a ;-r. a ag- E 1 2,q '., .11 i.i r]ot .,i Clr..innafl,.
.'.~ l' learned prophet- w'rotel mig nizinc- a rticl-I tl'- r'-- "Cr t Pena iI. ind 'te i i .:,me-
.% i,?"" plalrpirnin hoVe. t"r.. raced with :,oial p.* .. rtead -trili, .*-L Pern re, nIv rumil H e. lIrle.
~i?^ '*itiLjii rlE-rnt cnoil nr.t lii'v -ijr- by -id.. v.Ilii *' thit %.mrrf tlh. for ,your ,Ecti.?
v' ':, ,t til. fact.j it. i 1'.; i.t r re hP. '."e Ion.. 0h r-r: ,,:, di.'.' a" If-,+.flcai y tlirn;- Il .\m,'i,; *-urlrn, the li- Ci.i- i Li!L,:-,iteor~:J i bc-r and hear thi
critulrv ,ii' ha]hd nricne (leltar'ed im 'i'+:- Iru it.'im el" i tru t.'-t,.i.lIcn ijunti.
I -ble L lie sae- WtI : E lig liu meii o," tlMt .,aF.cI t I i". lru'i ,.? i d ,fo1 1f I ni tlin-
J P!*1 4' !i ." G ,ore-e r.lzn -se'e cjr'i l',at 'ihr If It bie "F Iii'it' tl" soir liOr dnl %.)I ou'
' c r ?[..I',ry .ab .i- -:,i[ld di r In i"r' :cr'al It -- il P-.-E-r, tiet L it i"i'L ,-nuoth i,.
% '' ; ",Blit itth ,riou- doubt-hl r' h the!: I Ing wll ri, c :.c.' harbor frpmOz.,,te .,-Ltrma. a
E' .* rj-e'. -.;'a'e',"; wii :urW1'., ounr '1l- a el'"?mn, ac warp aanour Southein iu
,"t *x^ valr~.X hav'i boee Ln constant ;oucb with shine."

K '" .-.,,,
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+,-.'. ''ll

.- In l
"" 3.
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. -TI

"'4- . f m

"Some time after, this thea-appeared In
tbe Savannah Mokring News an interview
had boetween..Mr.' Blxam D and a reporter
.a of thitpaperin which Mr. Bloxham was
made-fo say fl'B:he-VUiIdI nt'vei-coiient .
n- to beo me-a candidate for Governo- while
my ngme,*B &I the field. He came into T'
Smy oflce briuging'the paper and handing b,
e it tome a ted what I thought or the anti. t
J- ale. said, sOoveror, you put It pretty 1
.hbe; _sroig.' He struck quite n. attitude, drewt,
one hit.-hand-a resa'_ _i forehead -and said'
'v- 'Fng.ratude 'ea neaer be imtteni oh ma-
r- SlWo;, 4 I 1.- t&Ili, WW m eight -,T' to -b
r cut off bfreI ml. all"w my rame Ao 0 a,
% used againui Ow .. oi
-"Thert wetfP statements go6ing-hbout the o
coqntryyh&t Mr. Blo6xham, n.e ortheldbs, a
I would be-eandidate;aprominent citzen N
of Madhdn 6inty had just' written ;me tog
assure me that-tlxs wcao. I wote In Te-
ply, just after ilsinterview; tihat- It was t
Impossible and repeated some-of the state-
ments Mr. Bloxhiirm. had just made to me
My. torrespode.it -wrote,: it reply that
~Blo~aniafrlto were wholJy fasse, as
O f yptain D a .-ote-bf his friends at
eps tmllbrat Bloilani'abime would be
-*asenO.t'thB( en aolionm.
i e ,b.e.patirar pperedao wholly strange
Sthat my friepds dtermiud$ .upjDp having '
iahexliiit-wirdettandlng.with --Mr. Blox. c
iia-, Theybret-luer ip Jacksonville and P'
lhvited -M t. hsmtca I to'meet with them. c0
A uifR myiiends presjtat that 4ziter-
.r~i~irywT Gtneraj-Jessq S. -ilej,- HOn,
IL? .-t' tia ptai J.- ia'. biglrs nd
oIiSTs;-.- ?Ifr Blet.iu. came, and c'
z' 'of tis. personal friends were
Ssitbside and. after full Con- b
ufl l. '.3loxhast .. -promised a'
4 IP p oti rd1i4 the Uniba -
5 tf.um.f h h iname In
.9q-ittvinez4t-pr, Wxultizt mike zlpituro ci
'of 1taali" tOKtRt it to ba Ai letter.
Sfe-' fteote- P.
effcpt,,_-,t ai aB-
ass, tp~t&cal*4,to. aSIO'^vI~t atd.red -
ntbi tl: ~tEf reao% gdf 't$ friends ,in w
c -bU thrbpe or L

,r:, .. ,.-' ,d,
i el'Btift~|td.. i Oqtemes- I,
"e ,Kbo,. ut the
ba fle' @tIet" Ot uk con- V
ItBtE a
.. ',.. .' "f 1,- '. .^ ^ .' .- *;'' '. -
,." .' ." -
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