History of Gainesville

A Guide to the Sanchez Family Papers ( Related URL )
MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
History of Gainesville
Series Title:
Sanchez Family Papers (1812-1925)
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
English
Creator:
Sanchez, Edward Carrington Francis, 1849-1927
Creation Date:
1925
Physical Location:
Box: Box 1

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Shipment of goods -- Cuba   ( lcsh )
History -- United States -- Civil War, 1861-1865   ( lcsh )
History -- Gainesville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Alachua -- 12001   ( ceeus )
Territorial Florida, 1821-1845   ( fhp )
Ante-Bellum Florida, 1845-1861   ( fhp )
Civil War in Florida, 1861-1865   ( fhp )
Economics and Society: Post-Civil War Florida, 1865-1913   ( fhp )
Florida During World War I, 1914-1918   ( fhp )
The Florida Boom and Bust, 1919-1929   ( fhp )
Depression and the New Deal Years in Florida, 1930-1941
Florida in World War II, 1941-1945   ( fhp )
The Post-War Florida, 1945-1960   ( fhp )
Contemporary Florida, 1960-   ( fhp )

Notes

Summary:
Family papers, correspondence and newspaper clippings. This collection covers the life of the Sanchez family in St. Augustine from 1812, the family's ordeals during the Civil War, the family business, and E. C. Sanchez's political career. Included are E. C. Sanchez's collected notes and writings for a history of Gainesville, Florida, as well as correspondence between his father, James, and his uncle, Venancio, regarding the family shipping business and its transactions with Cuba circa 1840-60. The collection also contains a scrapbook, Municipal Club of Gainesville, circa 1907, and newspaper clippings regarding E. C. Sanchez's political activity.
Biographical:
Merchant, lawyer, writer. Sanchez was born in 1849, in St. Augustine, Florida. He was educated in the common schools and the East Florida Seminary, and began his career as a merchant in Gainesville, Florida, until 1874, when he decided to study law. He was admitted to the practice in 1875, and became an influential member of the constitutional convention of 1885. He was also a presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1884. He died in 1927.
General Note:
Originally derived from archival-level ALEPH record 027947578 ( OCLC: 48886392 )
Funding:
Funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) as part of the Pioneer Days in Florida Project

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History, Special Collections
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
027947578
System ID:
AA00017211:00009

Full Text











THE SECOND BATTLE OF GAINESVILLE


The second battle of Gainesville occurred on the 17th day

of August, 1864. The few citizens living here at that time

were very much surprised when they got up and began to move

about, to find that the Yankees or Federals were among us.

The Federals were just across Sweetwater Branch, on the hill

near the road leading to the cemetery. They had camped or

stopped at this point to prepare their breakfast. Captain

King (late Judge Thomas F. King) in command of a company of

home guards of thirty or forty old men and boys, who had

not been in communication with Dickinson, passed through the

town traveling south from the Seaboard Depot. When they

neared Sweetwater Branch, they discovered the Federal force

encamped. They were surprised, and did the only thing to be

done; to offer the enemy a fight. After a quick sharp

skirmish, Captain King and his men were repulsed, and

retreated, going up the street leading by the Beville House,

and the street leading from the Seaboard Air Line Depot and

on through the town in a northerly direction. The Federals

pursued the retreating Company across the railroad and up

said streets, and when they saw this fleeing company they

were doubtless under the impression that they had met the

Confederate forces and had routed them. They evidently

thought that this was Dickinson's men, and feeling flushed

with what they supposed was a victory, disorganized and















went to plundering, going into depot, court house and many

private dwellings. In fact they were everywhere. In a very

short time after Captain King's rout, was heard the booming

of cannon, the discharge of small arms and the rebel yell.

We felt that Dickinson was near at hand. This time the

Federal were surprised, for Dickinson had attacked and was

attacking them in the rear.

The principal part of the fighting or battle took place

between the Young or Colclough place, just south of the

railroad crossing the Seaboard, and the Beville Hotel (since

burned). There was a warm and spirited fight for an hour or

an hour and a half. The Federals made their first stand at

the railroad, and falling back, they made their second and

last stand at the Beville Hotel. (During the fighting the

Beville Hotel was filled with ladies who had gone there for

safety), all of whom seemed anxious to do everything possible

to aid and encourage our soldiers, and after the fighting

ceased, they ministered to the needs of the wounded, Confeder-

ate and Federal. Conspicuous among these ladies were Mrs.

Sallie Cullen, nee Miss Sallie Beville and Mrs. Jos. Shannon,

nee Miss Ann Shannon.

After the Federals were routed from this, their last

stand, they retreated in great disorder and confusion, being

closely pursued by Dickinson and his men, and were captured

in small groups for a couple of days after.

When the smoke of the battle cleared away, it was found















that the Confederates had won an important victory, having

captured three hundred prisoners, several hundred stand of

arms, one 12-power howitzer, two hundred sixty horses, besides

several wagons laden with plunder, some of which was very valu-

able, taken from the planters along the enemy's route, and

about two hundred slaves, all of which was duly returned to

the owners.

Dickinson's force consisted of one hundred and seventy-

five men all told, and the Federals had four hundred picked

Cavalry, under the command of Colonel Harris of the 75th

Ohio, and of Major Fox of the 4th Massachusetts battallion

of Cavalry. The Federals were completely routed. Of their

own force engaged only Colonel Harris and ten men succeeded

in escaping, and returned to Jacksonville. The Confederates'

loss was three killed and five wounded, and fifteen horses

killed. The Federals' loss was fifty-two killed and twenty-

five horses. It was a very important and far reaching

victory for the Confederates, and for East and South Florida,

for the enemy disisted from farther range into this section.

It quieted the negroes, and gave to the planters and people

a rest from these threatened and continuous raids.

Note: We are not writing a history of the War; only

some remembrances of Gainesville's early days. For an extended

account, seet "Dickinson and His Men", pp.95-97-99, Vol. 10,

"War of the Rebellion","Confederate and Union","Military

History of Florida", pp ...........


en^~ao Aez^ r^

















X"J, acfastAnd .-?r. W,7, BbftleoYofh.

?p.. iession was taken of Gainesvlle by the Yankees under command of Captain Stewart, *

S of the 4th Regiment of Masst Calvary, on the 15th day of February, 1864. He took :

possession about noon of the dy and took charge of the old "Suwanee Hotel" which stood .

on the present site of the building now occupied by the Woql north Company, and immediately ;
'--* '^- "!
put up a breastwork built of short cotton bales. This brei work extended across

the four street. Capl4 Chambers, in command of Co."C" of he Id Fla. Calvary, carped

at or near Gainesville the night previous to the occupation By tll'Yankees, en route

north or to Lake City. We had reached Newmansville where we had stopped for dinner,

and were overtaken by a courier with despatches for the Commander, and it was very soon

noised among the command that the Federals were at Gainesville. As soon as we had gotten

our dinner we were notified by the commander, and ordered back. YPe came back very

leisurely, making many stops on the way; when about four miles from the town we were

joined by Lieut. Col. Louis G. Pyjles of the 2nd Florida Regiment who had been wounded

and was at home on furlough, and a few old men and aoys. After a conference among

the officers, it was decided to come in by the two roads, one leading thru Cunnmingham's

lane and along what is now known as aey-' Stweet, and the other by way of the residence

of Maj. Jas. B. Bailey, and thence b- way of West Main Street, Col. Pyles was to A" : .
.#' i; '","#
approach by the northern route, Bailey Residence, and Chambers and his Company by "

Liberty Street. The nearer we approached the town the less ardor Capt. Oharnbei&'J i ;

seemed to have. When we were quite near, the cornand was called upon fpr volunteers

Lieut. Samuel Reddick. In a charge, and from ten tb twenty four men volunteered,

They came up Liberty Street in two platoons, and charged the enemy;many of the

horses jumped on the bales. The Yankees fought well. They were arr.ad with 16 repeater

rifles. They poured shot into our men, who retired.

The troops under Col. Pyles did not come up, or they failed to charge. We lost

in this charge one killed* Be fell near where the old Dutton Building stands.

SSeargent Worthiggton, the 1st Sargeant, was as brave and gallant soldier as ever wore

S the gray$ we had several wounded. Lieut. Reddick was seriously wounded and was carried ,:

off the field by Privates W.P. Shettleworth and Lawrence Jackson. We lost several
.:* -', .
'Ai
horses killed in the charge. We captured two soldiers supposedly on pickett near the- ..,

Present. site of the G & G Depot. Capt. Chambers then withdrew the confederate .'4

..,.., troops and went to the stewart place about eight miles west and camped there that "

i,' ight; the next morning the command was marched back in the direction of AGaioavile, .'f

-..R- ., -: ,- .. ; ... A
=, .. .... ., ....3 .* .. ,,.. .... : < .. .



















-Cl


I

1~'


- -"-v


*1 t


1 -


f. : .


.. **


;


a .


f


I .





rrr


* *'-~,"r*-~


where we learned that the enemy had taken their departure about ten o'clock the

previous night. They left in good order, taking with then quite a number of

Negroes. We followed them till about half way to Waldo, when it was thought useless to

follow them farther as they had too much start and continuing their retreat they

reached Jacksonville.

We had in Chambers co-rand at this time from one hundred and twenty to fifty

men, as good soldiers as were in the Confederate Army, and the Federals had about

fifty men besides the officers. They belonged to the 4th Regiment of Vass.

Calvary.

The outcome was anything but creditable to the officers in command of the

confederate forces, thus ended the first foray in this section of the country.


S.
h:.


tt .


r;

1



J -.-L
....:.. .- .. .. i .. ,..'..,. ..


L'-
.'..


.':


54,


IL










S























-1~
'I,.


.1, -


*'* -: 1 -7


* .4J..





A


S'. _" .-,. "


-i


V


ti .,

.. ; _.^ *. -




... ....,- ..t,;I 4

.... ... .-. ..' .. .-?
'-'". "'*. ** ,
a 1 "- ., ... ;. ..-.* *... .. '., '. .' -' ,
,.- ,;: *:':. ," ". ., ,-. '". "* .S i. .. .. <.,,.. X -. ,. ..,. ... .. '.. e, :

.,.,.. .... **. ,. ... ^, -. -^ ,. ... < .-..., ..... ;.. -.' ^ la^ -''^ a ';~ ^


in





'.. ,<


. "-f.















Account of the first occupation or battle of Gainesville

By M w wrefwee et ekee"T yes I we here 04 the *Mie eo 4he Art
*ee~pa&t o e9 &i-teaewllev
It occurred between the day of and the 15th day of J ,

1894. Chambers command camped(at or near)here the night previous to
Federal
the occupation by the Cfaeee-, we were on the march north in the

direction of Lake City. do not know the objective point nor the

purpose. (as you know I was only a soldier and they are not supposed
anything
to know but to obey orders) when we were overtaken by a courier

bearing despatches to the commander, and it was very soon noised through

the command that the yankees were at Gaotnville and were fortifying with
were
cotton bales, as soon as the command got their dinner, we notified

by the officers that the yankees were at Gainesville, and we were
leisurely and made many stops on the way
ordered back to Gainesville. we came back rather hkrrreely
leading by the University
We stopped out near the cunning ham lane where we met lieut Col. pyle

and a few old men and boys ready to join us, after a consultation

as to what was the best to do, it was decided by the officers, to come

to town by the two roads one leading through Cunninghams lane and up
now University
what is known as Abe'*y Street. and the other should come from the

north and come up wht is known as West Main Street. that chambers and
University
his command should approach the enemy via 9a&4 kleyfy Street. and

lieut col Pyles with his men should approach the enemy by way of

west main street* the nearer we approached the town the less ardor the
ol
captain seemed to have, and when we were quite near the command was

asked for volunteers to follow lieut Sam Reddick in a charge, and

twelve men marched out. and with lieut Reddick leading them they came

liberty street and charged the yankees, rode right up onto the cotton

bales, but the yankees fought well and we were repulsed, the troops







-2-


under col Pyles did not materialize we captured two of the yankee

soldiers down about where the G. and G. Depot is suppose they were on
Searg L Worthington Asburn
picket* we lost in the charge one killed, and we had four wounded

(and

Lieut Reddick was badly wounded, in the thigh and was crippled for

balance of his life, Capt. Chambers then withdrew his command and

went out to the stewart place about eight miles, and camped there

that night, the next morning the Captain marched the command back to

Gainesville. where we learned that the enemy had taken their departure

the night before leaving about ten oclock. they left in good order
we followed them about half way to Waldo
taking with them quite a number of negroes it was thought useless to
farther as they had too much slack
follow them and they escaped to Jacksonville.

We had in Chambers command about one hundred and twenty of as good

soldiers as there were in the army, and the Yankees had about fifty

all told. the outcome was anything but creditable to the officer in

command of the confederate forces, thus ended the first foray into

this section of the country.










Vrov oriqMl1 +e AVC Cf








r S -"" "~T
..- ,- ,.' ..... .. ,.


A


1 lie


TE cTCOIT-D BATTLE OF GAIRTESVImL:.
The second battle or Gc.inesville occuwrcd on the I7th. dy of

August, I8F4. The few citizens living here ;t th t time were very

much surprised when they. got up and began to move ahout, to find that

the Yankess or Federals v.were among us. The Federls vere just

across Sweetwater Branch, on th- hill.nebr th.e roc. leading to the

cemetery. The:r had camped or stopped at this point to prepare their
*t
breakfast. / CaptaU (late Judge Thorm.s F. King) in coraienra of

a company of home guards ot thi# or forty old raen .nc boys, who had

not been in communication with Dic-kinson, passed through the toi-n,

traveling south from the Se-wooard Depot. fTnPn they neE ied Swveet-
water Br-tnch, the- discovered the Federal force encamped. They v-ere

surprised, and did the only thing to be done; to orfer the enemy .-.
fight. After a quick s;iarp skirijish, Capts.r, g_-n, his men were

repulsed, and retre-,ted, going up the street Ie-dcing by the Beville

HIouse, and the street leading from the Seatboard Air Line Depot tnd on

through the to,.n in F nor-therly Cirection. The Federls pursued

the retreating Company across the railroe.d anri up sE.id streets, Fna

v'hen the.- saw this fleeing company they were couotless under the im-

pression that they hbd met the Confedera.e forces and had routed them.

They evidently thought that this was Dickinson's men, .nul feeling

flushed with what they supposed was a. victory, disorgEanlzed and went

to plundering, going into depot, court house L-nd m.ny private dwell-

ings. In f-ct the-' were everw.;hiere. In & very short time after
Captain King's rout,/ was hez.rd the booming of cannon, the aischrge of

E-- small armrs znd the roel vell. 7e felt thi.t Dickinson was near Lt

-. hand. This time the Federals were surprised, for Dickinson haa a.t-
. tacked and vwas attacking them in the rear.

The principal part of the fighting or ba-ttle took place be-

tween the Young or ColclJough place, just south of the railroad cross-

ing the Seaboard, and the Beville Hotel (since burned). There w.s

a warm and spirited fight for an hour or an hour and E. half. The

Federal made their first stand at the railroad, end falling back,
"', .... .: ,. seoad and lapt stand at the Beville Hotel.
: / or' 4 : ,
,".-.' .. .....h '! '.' ".




A






.a0


A


(During the fighting the Seville Hotel -.-s filled wit.. ladies who had

gone there for safety), all of whom seemed Efnxious to do everything

possible to aid and encourage our Eoldiers, and after the fig'iting

ceased, they ministered to the needs of the wounded, Confederate and
S Federal. Conspicuous among these ladies were H7iss BS:1li i1Ieville
,' te -J > '"' *: .. ***
r- and Miss Ann S.hannon.

After the Federals were routed from this, their last stand,

the:, retreated in great disorder and confusion, being, closely pursued

oy Dickinson and hiE. men, and were captured in small groups for a cou-
ple of days after.

Vthen the smoke of the battle cleared a-.vrEy, it was found that

the Confederates had won an important victory, having; captured three
hundred prisoners, several hundred stand of crnas, one 12-pcTer howitzer,

two hundred sixty horses, besides several v.wagons lE.den with plunder,

some of which was very vlacUle, taken from I tLhe planners .long the

enemy's route, and bbout two hundred slaves, all of V.IichO was duly re-
turned to thn owners.

Dickinson's force consisted of one hundred jna seventy-five

men all told, and the Federals had four hundred picked Cavalry, under

the command of Colonel 'arrls of the 75th. Ohio, and of Major Fox of

the 4th. I.asspchusetts Battallion of Caralry. The Federals were

completely route. Or their own rorce engtged only Colonel

Harris ana ten men succeeaea in esccr.lng, ana returned to JacKsonvli.ue.

Tne uonteaerate.' loss was three xiii-j.ea anc five wounaea, ana rlteen

norses Kiliea. The Federals' loss was Tiltty-two kilJea ana twenty-

S five horses. It was a: verT important nc. rar rea-ching victory for

the Confederates, and for East ana South florla, ror the enemy deslst-

ed. rrom farther rartq into this section. It qiuletea tlhe negroes,

t ana gave to the planters ana people a rest from these th-reatenea ena
continuous raids.

Note: We are not writing a history or the voWr;- only somE rermen-

orances or Gainesvllle's early aays. For En extended account, see:

"Diclkinson ana His Men", pages 95-97-99, Vol. I0, "Va.r 01 the Peoellion"
0
"Uoga~ratu ca.q Union'"'Mlllt-ry History 01 iilorics;'V pages ............

L., ,.-. ,I': ... hs i''





II wrr~~-yt C>

A a
.4. A
1~


e
1~
'p V
1$...',
.-.- 11

-~
* S ~ i 4-'~ rj


-SI


S-i.


-is

'F- -
.4


LAI'' .\ ^ *


c. r l --
.
*- ~ ~ ~ ~ -. -. i*'*- **JWW ** -. q.- ..." -*;






Were you present at the time of the first occupation of G by the Y?

who was the commanding officer of the Y ?
\\
How many mnen had, he-3 ? <

hat payrt of t]h 'it.. li. th-ey oooupy, .-%nd did the thriv up and defan

COS ? ., .- ..- -" .. ,

qo you remeinber the exaot date of the occupation?

Whit Con foroee ,%a. lboat. -ere ? and did they attempt to o aptare tha I

j

r.h ".o know of thi osai.tieas on each side if so give thorn ? _4

what did our troops do after the attack ? and what beocaae of the Y ?

How many men did the commander of the con forces have ? and who were

the officers ?

Give rie :.iy additionl. information that you may have in reference to
,h1 fight.
Are *har) rhier i.n aboio t here who were abouIt here and would be
lIikrly to know any thing a%.1ou1t this fight & c ?




r>


, V




-r- .y$ -., ., ry.
qw. V -





ur n udth bCflS1A4Vr -al -hm- a-


S.. ho. ev.. r be.n t.. beat t .'..' .




*.1

n. a, rbeswevrt s bcri to bea drI I

-.lw7 h a es, -n' ,-' o ,, startedd'. .. i.:- e t i ... t., ...
-dv

j e -r-: -






lo O 117,f~ V[ tu ~ L'; c u .V
-1 P. f,-.
.e even r u ,t l -ostilit:.' .., "st


















A- -in*
tor- m rj- i .K e ,-Os i .. 'i o n of--a cO ..., flj ... e...n '.-t----




















-I: P *
...ler ,; rk.-tt onery. Ther rl e their ler I t- 'E : '* iC.. ..... -

VT.
l o t u .,- *;, -' i t, L'> ]orth wt.; u_,j. .1 r o ; r i: ,i| .. '- : v/e..- *. '.-'. *


rt' 7 .. l '.-7 e.r r'' *;.-




















01 1 n, 1. -
a, :e.. '.--, '.'/0 j ; :1 .c> .- '" '_ .
t o '. v. .,--.- ^ -_i '- ,-e^ ', rrv -i- e ,-- .'-'.-i ',,- o o ;.- ,.:, o f'i i 'e. e -_, ; 3, I-e : ?" ',', *:,., -,. .'. r ... -
-] l. -, ,2;.",l-.tP.. rV ', ll-, _o-.'.r -m v r e ih ~ l [.: ,.,








:.t-",".l '- "'" o',0 : ,1," I c. -- """' .: .._ "- 1. ) .;



c '! : ,1 .'3 ] _? ^ '!.'.t .,:-* ;" T :.- '.' -" ie ; '., ', .' ," .-7 ',_ ." '*- : : : *i --,- :'-i i-t .'._ : .**


"- T9 --, *"*,- '.'" ','_" -; "'-.**- / .. *- ;* .* '.- : *:" ,' "^ .: -' -. i! '
t- n; il u!.a "r-L ,r-' -cv '': ,. : -i [ ', r:.- -, _-. ,-, -, -. '- .-i i *_







tin'?~~~~~~~~ ~ .h 'i ~it ^ i^-t ^ 'c -9" e *", I,. -*' I --^r! .T



O -. !7 :' .:I'I ,i Ti : -* o ', i~.: *! ,' l- ] i '- ^ \.. -. r -, '' .. : '*:* .-. .,".- ,1 i "*r

..L ; i ;h C L : : '-i ."il : .: ^ .. _.. ": "" '* : >T "" ,,- .7 ,- ., ,-,T i -, 1
-. O ,. ....7,in/ .. -.. a, -. : ', ,- 1, .,z,", 'p,- -:, -. .. :-, ..
J. t' ,.,' -. _. ..-.

K im he ,-' ,s ..es t- i." "-,i t.; -- e K'-.e : 1 ... .









,t.. .,. ". --' .. P",'' .' ',- ,-, .-. sB- .

."- I : -, l 1,-"







,. *1 ", o ", 1) % ,, ;1 ; ,?>f.- -.. -.g ;. .'.,"," --, ", ,





- -It 'K




4.
*


'I-.


-. '21.. I

. *4- ^. -: .^ *- ., ^ ^IA ,-:.-; ..*-.:..*'^-













a l nton ::' .- r 1' 'i i -












Th~~~~n-ea~~~ it o~r ab c. e;r-t t~~/e
I.. p.. 1 1- c S c I, V P 1...





























r
. F .g -- ; -i". -,p 5* :'..1 1' : -_ .l.. -. ." -Oi -



^e 1"'t i r_. "? : "4 e i-' '" -. i ." l -' ." 1 :; ~ _.,~ -, ,- ,+-; r', .",-



". e. r c-_ u 'i ,.s~r j I ,.- "-. .-:.,J ".-2 ~' ,.V S,. -. --_- "-"- K',: -- '



r-' ri. : o I ci n ,i "_ r--t 9 c -' -. -- ". -, 1-;. .. F ;






.- ] 'I i "- '- '. '-' f '- -
r^'. ', *-.' "o.^- ". ; :_ ? -. -: Lr. '. .,: ? 't "'" I'" 7 *> **". ,2, ;', t r. i..l -* ,' i-_r















'* . ', 0 "."::, ...
















t 1" _s r
0?.f.'*pr ^ .i'' i ^l en 2u 79 Cr i jc -' -I '*.- .' F-i






',. \' ^ ,', i, *; ". ; .._ ;- **, .. **. r *.-s -jg .'- "*,- ;-- .o -- ,-; :. ,
















t" the Tc --3 71--, :: ,- -., -' *_. 1 .- rS

S t.' .. _. 1 .. ." K.'. ..... ... 3 '";t '. ,c -- :.
i 'Q ; ]i ,:*. o "" .3_ *' .I.'''1 i _. li _,' <: ., *? .* "^ ,.E: *' l ., ,-- .. ., -, ; .- -;












a:rl L -- r Y'.? rr J._: ". L l. S ,: '_ :l -: 'f.l ',F ''. ,. I .. 7 -."". _



to<,:,.: L-:l ;" ,- .' e... :L'ri *".- :-'- '*, ..9.% I'. 7 .-


.r'itv- 5- -r~.&7r;.7sT-. .-~. -
I -~
.*XrL%~Ia C~ -


,rk~A .4


d


*I


L. I' -



--2'n


A..'
. g~











* r




r7 *, "


vy


cg.te., a ,,,tle


S.j o.llRe .


-,--, -+o0 Or*""

"+'.' :r. 'ejO -- 1; ,! ."


'' r i l .


']mE~ r-i'1


U -. C I *1 lI-3Q *.' : I


" ic t. 7 -- ,- ,' -" i.{' c7Y .- .-,, .i
U.C ;:,.i.,] .":.~ ,.'C +- :',+ .- ; .: ] ,


" U' 'D I 2_ '- Z '" .7" ,' ". 1 "eL '. ". t '





l:-' ... ,I V .- I .: T '" :1.--. i ;-t





-"I
.- :o -.. .. :
'-i -n ":~ ^T "- "' I s" .jl -:' n .. ; '-.

-,'**! h ; "*'*p ':-\ 7 I' ,;- _, .. ,. \ w ,~ /._ ,_ ""







.. . i. ? -. f U. A j '
:, i tO Tf '' + --- 1e^ .* i .- .:.y'i- ;, c i",:- l. -..-
_T~a.

,,.: ,.O 'r"'I -.l "" l]: 7_.- .'- :._.: "? \. \ ,:'











r"3'QTi ^ -;" ',In c*'"'*~ 0. Ca t"' ''1 .^
... .j- i i. i : ,,1- :,f -:. -n ,;. / .- t

theri%.T .:4C 1' _e~ ^ :; .- : -" .. ;,










g.- m: ,i" i, J i ri, .
p,__ :'. _. 1 .. .'. f c




.... ...~-'- -1- ~.i..'....

*~ f '01 oti'


-'.n :J te :


~si&t*. C-


-/
a..,



~1.


~nter


in 18<-,


* in


* in


*". t' the ':;'val. of e


',--. Ocalal to: 7ainesv" "--


i On of is in c- ;


C A.lie u e credit of A. .- -1"'0lie



flit-
-- -. Tniiver Qit.


ia to 0 "'ne svi9-_ he vas,


+U


-- +n n he t


,ure in 1865 .er


-* '~. 1 '-vL on e
_ _o--;_ ,-,- -'-". \ -:' "'. .i o

to o .w ','',-l :ion


-. :t. '.,e oZ 1887


.d. w '" *'.1 1 '


**r;'1 and


-*ctiOn :0,,


for e


Se.. n





Action


7 r


a t




j9



















Josiah r. "'al.s



a :e'.ir].etAi r., ic ;i:i:e21 c-:


a" p ir-i .. 1 '", r o- v
''a i"p '. .'I T -'e *. ".I;* '* -- ''^ 1 -"' 1i' r' I4 1 ;- i


' e,. '-: fr r :,.,1Iy t ".. "- 7" ,' '-.3



"?ltiZ'L Ti. TE' hfeli -..' a..~.,^'^ *.,



&L" F o ., -h>' -, *:-.'' 0-- *a [ "





77 J. .. -1 I.,e

O.I -. n 1 ... : ," ".i i ',-s i, ,


vill .77 ..., ?y,.7 ":],r- rnl7,_- rr--, ,,:i. --h', ,,-



of 'lori-... '. ] :" ,~ in .. 1\, ', -hi,'



:!' ,-" ., -,- onr ,t,-i .^'..y, e '-,c>. ,l


-..* -.
h-r. 2 7.f.i-- 'LL.' Vr .



P,, ._ ,_ f r'r ',:: ieE["



o i" !' : r r'.;., ," '" -i ,1 ]. ,"-





\ P. ]-e'], ..,7 H 'l -



.enl d ;.,i '.. -,7 i^ -;.,.-



*ii "e i r''"ii',~,-,7 i 7 "


,'.;., o- f -' f. 'r



,1t, 1. -, "



" ,? ,._e ". r. \ i L


2^ 1 .-!- 1^J.



-. -- F .-_-: _. '.. .
--- -'- Ie-:l'. ,

-1 ^ .-. .*.,



]-..,- ', 7- '-ri .



:e. *' -' -1,- -


e Ii& ] :r ]ter '.:: I


- 7I -
,,..*.\ 0 e '"." .* .' '''.






S 1 rn-h 'Q-- "







e .eC e r --.-,.-







'7 "'.'" 2 r,7 e* f : :



7. ", i-;,-,'! 't "*-i" :. :7 _i,:


, L 1 ; .
--.-'. I, ,- _.'~* *)*









.- -S ,, _


"-. .' "- '1.] 4 '
*.. -U'1. .3'~


a ... -
-, .. .< ,-, ,.. ;. : > ,


-.i. ti ; t h e -,' c ,-i t ,- :m -. ,- -- ,,



- ; -. Oc ef.-r. :. :-. rJ i:: 2...:,_ .1 ]. .


Jr



-c


- ~' -



.. .* i,7.,*:


-~.-I--I -n
*~'~~'~1


-, S
I-.



- I



r- 1



''I


2, -.


-I, ~ -



I,,



~ *'6 ~~~--i



-~ I- -



3 dOS r;-







-I. I







I I -,



I ir I -I
7


1 1 ,~' -


.7 .


r ., "-, ,r -:,', ", .] .'^:; a ,. ..

.. ---., -, a '. .- '

3O -^ 4-,^ ; 3' *. l s, 1 .^ li1



S^ ^ .fe i ^ J ^ *-. :^.


11 -


* I


\zY


- ,, -- r





















































































- : % "- *Z ..J? -"4. S., -,,.
'4 i ..
;1 ,. .. .. ...... .. ....
... q -: ... .. .., ., .
~ ~ ~ 'rt .,03 .. ..- wl Z .


.. 1 < 2"
::. ,, l-
:-::o- **'Hl^


a%~.:...&.-..S"
^**.^.*.,.



^^^*i'a~fe.-^.r.. -. t^^^S-i-i


l
1^. I ". .










f,.. .* elor:- t. o ,e.

('*im 3 v SW LT1R '/.7. P. ^"*'flrfl sS2 -* 'HI]--.'. r' j" r.1 Ci2'.C 21;" "-- r "-:1 H !-

2 "i.;. ,' e '.'*2 1 o ; "el, r._"- a "h'o t ', ,', I t. ", r- p.j ;- ''J' :, ', K .. ; ,

t .. .1.V? Ro0 "! rtri' i cl I.'' r n! "n P ra .1'] .. -

,T, r ,, l', 'L;_ t' ^i 2n '?' l -;-,7 *" -;- -, ... ''*- 'n





C3
;'", 'I ;'"
... i th .e 'I" -" r,- ,w 1 -' -1 -,1 : .',1

.-".''- F_: i' s ;,7 ,'> .= ,L I .I'','crv t;i .. .,, l:.,; ,-, -7 r v '.' .' .... "' ...,' ,- n i

'. 7 ,-',it r ,e-.. e ,tp yz Pl rir;,-, 1._. ^ ..--1 . ._ .. r.. -.:. .p

/ t h 'i (,i ,' r;-, o f r ,, 17 -- L : .6 i -. i ... : ,t 3, '." ": T ,-,- ,,. 3; ', ,"., -' 0', ", O ? ", ,





~ *.*- 7)
l o --- ..... -' ,. .. i .. ,_ -..-'

-iFi 7 [- ,! .r. . *.. .. .. r7 '"r -_, _--,. 1"io ,~ -'i 1 "' ''.. I' i _" '_ i. ,'- "'' ,_: .* ,. r "' L ;'*, *,* '. 7 "- ,
'1,'.'" "7_--i-"T' I0 '8 "--' -," 2 *. *7."-1--. 'i 1.. 1', -. '. ', O'l ,- ",''., 7" '7.",'.

I ."e.c-' li t" ,' ,:: .l'', i '- .-,, I : 1' '. .

,_ ,: "-' F "-. ,. '" '-' -'7 : *~1 L 1 r '.

..''.s *.-. 1,..iir.,, ''' .' L' L 'o l f-l. .._ .,

h e _,_"e 8 i. *i .''-.rct -.', ',l ,~j ',i-, -- -,p .- '--- ., r, p i" j cm, '-. .- 7 ,i, -9 ,r "-f, -. -r -, ,-.' -- ...



i" 7 ", 17 C3Cf:"'



I,-. 1 t 'a ,r.-
r".*- '' '.'*>~ w v -''." '" 0 ?- 7, r ". ,

,:. .' *' '; 1 : .. .. T .' -
-. ,. .. r l .. .. r',1. ", .__ .9 1j '_ :'t" "" '. -,' ... j -' ",* ,'-: -;'. : _"1 "" 'l

1-" :"''* ..'C '*-P i. .. -'r _i -



'. -i 1 ;. d, O -. -' t-. _' : ". :',- -o n .. ,- i I- ,. i .?






2) C- 1)-
l t :n .....i- .. a..- :.'- "-. i ,7 .r i .. 1 .-'

l ...-.. 'f + J 'F ^ T'l_ C ] -4 1l i.; .,. l ,, i.9 ;




t. n :. I'], _o .-:',' :; r *.'Te-" -
t'-L"-2 Q 9,-. ) ;,3 r ".," -'..

t ,' ..-'ed n .l .' i-' 5 :' t '""--' ,' ", -; t"-y ,-,- '.. tYi .1"
"t \ ?j 0" '- ';:? i ', .0 -U . F i .. .' I,?.'Tf "i. '' '" ... .. ',- ,' ,r" I li' -. 4 -,', ;.* ,1 ._' .,: 1 : .i' 1

.t ,'-:: f. i2 -, Ijiei ," ,t ,';1 ', ^ o "' ._; ',- i "i.. *.. ., .-.:'-:- r "'. _, 7_ .... '*,l. vf .,, .* _7r': ": 'i ji -.' .:. ,: i '," ,





v ,t.i.l ,1 ef, t -' ,"',;, t -. ,--n,, ,t l:, s ,- f,'i g r-, ", 1 I. r; r

-, .ce -,7 l" ?Tr t" "..r- -- ,,rn -'. ..'l,. "1 '. s r r s..o .1 "' ""
[;'- r .._.;T O'i r, f, *.- i r, .;1i,-, Y,- i n',_;1 Q ; -;.n .. itn l- ; ] \-;...'o -"^ ./o .'.=*' r" -,' :1 ?--



,*"- .... ... ^ ^ '. ^o r ,01; 4..- .;. }I _,Si'i.l B .") 0. To i' ,"';,'




I












Cr inv -o Le0 : l~ I'-E*- i':ar.. 1- .;'- *..* *-*- i' -r a nt ;.i **'1 1' *" *j .' *':

*"-ir the :"-3e-e of "* 'r'v-.' 2.; "p. :7.' G"";i' c' ..'rrt; 'd of i.*."** i.-s It







"nf:n L ,-m i Vy '-,7 l e *,-!,i_. ";:r.' ,]te .en. ". y': w ere t1 ..t' i.
, 1. lie nat of tt oo r.






Car-t 'ii v B. 'T. ro-.'ll of i-.>^ ***i" -' "lod ^ 2)y' try, e0* C,
H_ via sn ii St 0 .i 0a




.i ,,, .. ..... -.O -e 1 uo ... e Le,.- eo 7- ,,''. .r




^ *Ja't'.-Ll.'.'ellm-T Y'i'lliaris, Corn n-J-, B, !'rown as t .e Al^- chua

*-1^'ircl s -Te-'- *r-"*Xterpa in .'"1-'.; 15, 1861, of *the g*y ~ lorirlYA T'*.^.r.'-.*;ry,
'"' .n -- 7 .-. t '--' L 'o t ,.n'i s r i a

-L -7p "y1-'r 'Al o



Ti 7. "h o---c i 7.c-'m_ c 0 -" .. -'. irtered in at f"aineo -. -

ft T Lee,i:': A-;vril, Tl0., 7wi. -::-2"OV. jiRO 2. ..-O rry 7 Gel (! ;

?clG.t Zul 1),"'.- 1 Liri" i;pTt-C l'Te 0 and "'I I a; .-12 pi ''^.I as I-Jaj r0

"The F- .-.ie con ride C by R .. 1o 'j )e ,oIll TJioas res. i-

e, ir.... i. enry r. YJre') Co. A; Janes

,-,ettes., 'I.o. ..T ., T 'I : y. .n l i:ey, C ro". C; ofinteon 0Ya;A.! ha., Co. o;

PFathan' *. BloJ t Co. JE*; ".i2 .l&e in T.'*loa-n, Co. ff; S. 3D. :-..- ( *<-1'

Co. G8; T "e .l. 0he .e. il, 0. .; :A. ? -. ,'-ey,, 'T. _Ih R 'B "-i

C+o. :. c ie2 ir': i $i't -d be on duty n,





..hey di-l e.'xce lent service, '.on o,',ter ..eiv. *eretered in they 'ee

c-I-- ade'i t ,o % ; -er,-es ee tc Bjoin Era: or'n 1. Vn o, it t1'-: -. c

i.r al t cr 'i 0 '.'..- e -e ee i sirronaere.1 "*i.t

,-, ,"f i- t of -.,i. .it *1oh.sto t e- o on Sm .-jr, o o e























































































































fr



.. . ...... ...... ....-.....




Jr


Belongs to the third section,


Thaer: i.s n.., t. ir- so troablesO)',i as Vr tin13.3.

The people of Gainesville have ever beaen on th alert. 18 3h.)wn

b7 tti folio.,,ken fr'n the offioil .'2" l 3 .... ilo l nd

)anfader.ata Armies. -

Gainesvilie Pla M4arch 3th l1312,

At a 4-eet.ing of the citizens of Alachuaand other counties,specially a

called together for the purpose of taking into consideration our

present earnest and pressing dangers. Mr Edward Hail, of Alachua. Za

County was called to the chair, %nd J. M. Arnow ,Esq '-i r i nste



i T'.);i.- *, *f t'-i.e ~TI,)T D. L. Yulet,* the follo.-ing r3s.llations were unan

Imrously adopted:

Rllesolrd,1 TnA .se here-by point rfaj T.-._es 1 ji-il.)yind Edvard HTile

to pr.j.. imiedi-itely to Richino-ni V,, .rid there f.) impre-ss in the sit

strongest 1-ingiage upon the Government of the Confederate States the

great importance of keeping in Eaist Ploriid-t -vn -,n-rj as a, nucleus ara

around W'hich o.-ir cittins ivy raliy -r trhe .L t. .;': .)f our h..n.as ad

firesides.

R.-OLv'.. irV-,ra', TJ,. -,i.1 1 'i! ,,. ':, -:I i.stP d and instru

-ted to c1l ipon and confer .vith Ganl Lee, and urge him to permit ti

troops row in east Florida t. rnemai.n T.--r i.s .,3 *. fI until tha dapart

ma flt At il..)i. I i prii. '. of oIr ,;.f, 1 i_.,: .ill 7?aurth3. o1 ( t? '.




.;I notionr of C 3l .0oo101o'.ih it a,' .a' li,,lti sl' ,r13r";l fh%,t said del-

gatI irgentl1 raluast General Le, to transfer Genern.l J.H. Trapier

to some other point, as it universally admitted that from some appa-
V;
rent incapc-ity or want of industry the peopoi hay') lost iofnfi,3,n1c

i in himl and are not .wiliingt to cluster a ,v.1ni 1i.,, .i ,iii it. le -'
', ... .3r.
.44 .
Il.^. ^ ^ .-_ *









q -,


I /


S '


fflu-usubK







Note- The battle of Olustee. was fought on the .20th of Febuare 1864.


Account of the first occupation and the battle of '".tnsville,

By M4r L. Jacksan. and Mr W. P. Shettleworth.

Poss.33sion was taken of Gainesville by the -tnke "s -undr crovilII of

I'ptain StewArt, On the /i v.y of13 ()34, l364. e took p)ossessa.i

a,bojt noon of the day. -a -;vid took i ,o,3.. i-o of the old 'Suwanee

Hotel" which sto.T'. on the present site of the Gainesvilie National

Bank, and immediately put up a breast'wvork built of short cotton

bales, this breastwork extended i.oross the four str--+.s C.Ipt Ch*.:i.a-

bers oo.i-tad co "C" of the 2d F'la Cviir, oC.nr.i -t or ne;.r G'ioi:rI '

-ville the night previous to the oocup.tionby the Y7rickea s,en rotate- no

North or to la-ke ity, ve had reached N?3 ,rfltf.r.'ile q'here e had stop

pad f.)r dinner, and were overtaken by a courier ,itih dspatcohes for t

the Conmmnander,it was very soon noised among the command that the yank

ees were at Gainesville,as soon as we had gott-?i our dinner we waer

notified by the commander, hnd ordered baokkve o b -'ery lois-

_'",, il'-ing 'iv stops on the wy, ,vrhe abo-it fo.r ..i, -froin the
..' 7' C' -.** ^'"
Town. we awere Joined by Litit Col ?vj ^ amd. I ev/ a I.i it.i't boys) ,-
*** .

after a confere:loc w ing th ) officers ,L). C; 1 'd t .oI. 0 1 1)? r'

+,5ti t rovd1s one leading throklgh Cdn.'hauin ld,ne n.rl. aloug what

is nr') knorn as liberty street, and the o+.her y.i, o:r tha residence

of Maj Jas B Bailey, and thence by way of west M4ain street,Col poles
,- ** J S a, 11,
was to approac]h by the northern ro.&,, and Ch,,.rrs and his C)ip.y,
A
'v liberf.y street,the nearer we approached the tovmi the leso '.Lrdor
/ :; 2 ,, .",
.]* ,pt *,...e.-= i f..-I have ,w .a hen we war quite n ;% ,the "'7 "3

o j jj.L .-..,)n for volunteerss to follow Ti--), J SAnieul R.- lick in a

S ,3;-ir an, frori t. elve to twenty fotIr cei, vorlunte r" ,t2 ct.." .0 A
k
SLib! H t r:U-. twio platoonsi, n WhAJed thevnJ i*T *iviy of t 11 al

I\ hoVr)s. s Ti ',Y,', 0 the bales the -:j -i' oos foiot:J, \valli t..,' .,r-e. L'i'

ii*,i 1" r-i dt^ riflea,-Iyr- po-red the shot i. our vno retired
o our Arno









fl i



















w..
I







* :*K^*




'* w1

the troops ubder Col Pyles did not come up,or they failed to

charge,we lost in this charge one killed he fell near where D B stand

he.%rgent Wor+hington, he was A's brave and ui.lnt a, soldier 3j ever

.rni t :-- .jy, -i e had sevaril *"vo nn'- "liyZ dik -i sily h

-rc-ii ,ff the field by privat3s W. P. Shettlev.or+h. *id Latr.31'.3

,_,k 3ry,-. -c-,n1 1 ae lost several hor!I r ki Iia .!. *LT t 3.h -,h 11-,:3, )t i

r -.L. I L t. S -f aboht G"e"G



-3. 3 ivirt plaoe about eight iniles. and c )i p3d1 there that night,

the next morning the cooi-.n-l was marched back in the direction of
ts rv rohed Jb~f'k j_ -, dietin
.inv'riXle hert wa learned thit th sn. .aB



aith th3.!1 quite a nuoiber of negroes, ar fo llai t 1i!-i IiiJ aboat half

,-y,7 to waldo', when it ;as thoa.Jt useless to f.Jllol, I-,-e fjrtihr as

+ih13 hY d too AIoh startand oontii-"ing- their ratr:.,t they reached Ja,

sonville ,

We had in Chambers command at this time from one hundred a

and twenty to fifty men.as good soldiers as were in the confederate A

aruy, and the yankees had about fifty men besides the officers.they

belonged to, the 1jaimant of f -b '' ''

the outcome ',as anything bIt orediiable tno th officers in ooiinnd I

of the confederate for(es,thus f-''i l firsh. fo-" *.,v .to thi.s -til-

of t!.h a coTiy,


)
/7






nV' -


7-/s.~ 2k
C fit
2( it
it.--.'
,~ a-


a. -- -V
p\ \


,1


7
-a% -


6 r A 0---f t-,,


I

- -0'--~~--

























^ ....,.
:' .- ., -o h" t
.. *,., *. .. "- -

!i .. .4'. .
-; .- .:..; .:
,. ,. -, ,. : ;-!^

..,.- ,^.-i -. ,'M
'. '; ^^s ;^ !




























* ". -'-^ii
[" ,; -' '.M





- 1%
'-0


&9^AA


/6, cc' t^


-tw} Cc) ~.-



~ .~,ttku -


Si "


I I. -


wC




~66&&. ~ "" C-


62~~-' -1-'
I-:-,


I


N


*2 *.*~ (6/fl


()


- 7
,$ <-7


f1
6 ~'


4-


4-,
--C--
/ -,I..*~-, -~


a--^


t-c. ii'. ~* I

w.v ..


'-~ ~7-


I


?at'e' t >.*.. ,* ., /"

* .-h? C --t. ,. / ..

2z- __^~jD in
AL .) ^ -eS^ *We- **
^-"^ -^- iT,


e / .. 4-'

0

~tS*


4f 1 tll


/' te



- ,-t-- -,,
-- - or^ -


~ etA e
.~ '


.1


! ,* -

-I .7
(Im L)"W


'::. ..' } 1. ..
i"


PS' -4
41

.4-
4
-I


Sb--. 4~~


4 *-..- 4"


I,


.h"im:


de'
.. # ,1
_-


/4



LAk~Z2


~1*~


Q)V~h
i) f


,3



4.


I


AJ-


-I



C


K


Q


0---'. -'


'if-


4'C^e


T2


(f X- -** I&


-,. .


e*


oe-J-...





- '^ ..- .... .. r ..... b .



V 't t z /- t L $ 1? ., .
4c -" '%^ ^. 4$
IS.7


-SM
r.
-r
I.e


T" ~ r, -T-i-



I. -'A *^ y~-^ ;
1'I
^ -< :


t *b


, ON .





! r ". ,. .....',.
21,. /4 ( [A" ,t_,rtL -' ,*1< Sf *. ,n-, .4 9 a-wZ.<. 6aA:.

-? dA t?1t a v/JUJI'- r/r i 'v ,

1 .5,
ass' l # dd .,4tC ]'2 'V ( ., *. s'.


r 7or
/ tf-ur,. 4- /' I I .2 ,r '
"/ "/ ^ f l / ^ < / y ."1 I .. ( ', t / '** ,. / '/' I* / ."c
L.. ,'f f .i j 6- ''" "'- o ';' / '/ .tq .'/f < \' ,' *. /, '. ,, '. t

t' ~ -.j J ^ .,; ^ .-* '. / .* 7 ..... ,' ,-^ ^ / ^ '*^ */

Sam ; .. S **, 9 4 P S S S S U S
J # A. i
) I .:,t '- / 4 s ,' ,. / ,.I'. -. ,' s. ,, ri ..- .
* 'll p I


.'i .; . .. .. .
:,. .. ". .5 .. ',. ". t. ^"*" -.... '. .l ;- t.i t .. .
c --,-' .. :;' l. : ; :' 1 t*-: .- *'- .. .. ,I-
t ;- '.. : ** :. r '.' *;. .i t n ?fl t' ..,*i y orui I \LVC. '*.- .t i-,\ .i >*

= '" o : t ',.I ", *** i, ', ; : {) t.'" '* '.,i .
R" Ta. **i 2.' t' y '- '1 '*s' .<- 4

... ".- .', ", t -.f .." f

"; 1; W ^ -. ... .' { l, y o;, ..: ** .i '.n .... . ;".. .- *

.... ii-_ ., j .,: ) .-
't. L ".; ,", ,i 4 5;> ; ', ,' il ;

-. -; ..' -, ( ... 1. 7.. ; -,--;, ': ::'..,' t t .,. i. <


.... > ** i *> .i r' '- '. i ,. ,. I. ;; :
,.' "od' .., r;' :. *- 1 *. .."
,: ;- ci^ OX.4. t'i -v s t1i *y. j- 2 *,. : ..: .>t ( ;,i ..; 5 ; Aa
,n'5 -v -



*," .I ; _.;' ,.. .a ,* ..



,, ,. 4 ,n. a, .-. .,-: ,. ,.. i. .-f .p- a ,- ,
S' -- .va ".*;,,.3 ', 1.7.. a.. I -

tI". -'Ua"


9. -- rho

, -i,-
, ;.: he








,* .. i




fv




I yo u



' -a1 --nd
.:* 5 iJrL t:5
I *- n


Si- "3 S 9






rit. e A



'i..v ".d thU 1 i '-1 o- n. thci i r *,. !T 4 o c. vuere

ln i./i onitu .'*e t'iVO.V'i ; iIn :'.iC 2-U t.Lt tVaJI CI ty tLt t i e t iL t.

Piev'-ma ntt-.tt? whuin you .L'iret cine, who w,,a the ITrsbytrilen

Sin chi'rge. Giva it in rull ploese.

Thlen wan thi 4ipincopal Church stierted hrea.m ; nd who wna


I


'..


'- \; :' i,-,


,i .., "rt 't

tP- ,grits:


VMinSiats
. ,,.. .
if:,': f-''/-, .:. t ...




................ .-


. . . ..,.- .." :.... ,..'.. '.,'-,l


ii
ii
I.
:4
It


1. ~

4.
U


iy




rrr flw~~wr -


its first ;,inistar.

chiom wE,.5 the L.'.Oe 3o.i l. th.iu.cL L.t.rtZ., i,, ,., .. ', eir






C'..
a .ia ninij-,t.-nr.




-ra in i. n" ". 1" "'f ,


E;LXA 1 only "o
f Vi .- r. t i j "c :'o J' ,' :: .; 4. I, .,7 ; % t ,i:e
g ;?--,. ?.' ?^ "'? "h 3r.1, -,t 4;'"!.:. T,.i ; r ', 'i7 n;' -' '*L ^ ^ i


. r.t't '.. iv to T. V'J 'KCI' ? .

-.j,,7 P)I :ie r s. 'el~ r -.. ... ..i-'z th ', ,Th ., *. il], m ..i,.. J '.--, -

jf,, t.'' 'itt( h ti. 'a, r,.. o-j r, ..'-.. tray .,, "t i ]i e. 1 jt

t':: inr'. rurMc.. J'r \''..,tJsd.


4-.



-.1


.1^


l, '





...........
F.. .-


.-; '. I' -. 1.Ei... .. -.




'I,
V


F-.,












I .;





*St












































































































































t 4


V.M





t V!



S 1 \

-- "' / \ ,


-" /. .- c",--- _"
... ...... '. . ,_ / O -- / .-- /* .' p .

o/ ,.* ^ **
.. .......'.1.. .-<*! ** C ;t -' i.. ...^






'"~
.,2 '' "^ v -.t / ". j



.. '- -.- / ',. .. '- :" .



/ I
(y t -



... ... ....... .. ..- >< ^ A < -- P^ +




-7 "- /- '.
... -h ,.
....---C r ^ Z^ ^ >.... ..^ ^ --. ... ; ,. -. ~ l" ^ / .-* "'' .L ..












*..-... .. .. .. -22 .- ,.. .. < <
*7' // I' ,/ ( "*'''' / }





_,^l f ,.t.* ,. ,-* '" ", ^ *.,-:. f. AA, ,.. .>' < .- : ".* J '-** .- ;, & > '' A. '
-;. ,
--'-' --*- "" ; ,,"- ;. ." ",.'. "# "- "-.
-. .. ._ < _il 2^/ *.i'l ; _.? -" ~ .- .- : /L .* '.- { ,' ", ., 'I .,- -> ;. :L
I'- / .
*, 1 A 1 -








. . . .': .... ,, -
L -.- -.. .* .-." '- I-i ^* ; ,. ^ A i:
L .L -. LA ,*iI ~ '*. '' **


'*~ ** '/ H
F-- "



2.F _- ^ ~ ~ v i. *, *- r .i- & t.. V *^-..




*-J--;'. *4 *4 2 **. 'f I




*S(J


4





After 110 lay., r1etul'b iv

. .. . . . . .
ALACHTUA, Alachua Co.; FLA.


3 -


S









J^J4N r "
& vOT rr^ ..





; lJ 1Y

^ N
s ';










-N







-h
A'
A
4-
"4



I'.



'A


1.


""L.
-S
N-F



1 -
-K A


N


--~~1~



K'





S~

~sA'


-I


'A-


44)'
"-.











,. -.
-^ N

LVt
>.^

)A.^^


f




!-S

' *


*N
"A1


I


/ 6


~~1

rr? *~r


4 4
A ~ I


-A


r


/
at- ,( *.s, ~ a' F'


/y


r -'
-' -if


"*A r '


t


-. --A.


Ar -


a



I I.



:9.4


/ .


A)


r s*' -


- A *.-~ -


A.?
A


s/id C 4 /


/
4 1 .4
~-r-~ -
---r aa.~~r4v-d ~ ~.*r A,
A (-c'e~ .--

I
w-:-..- 'fl
A
-- -~-~tt2)-i- -.. s. -. A


-c ~


1 .-


C' '~ 4 4


'A *-"*


-a


* *' A-


,1
* 4, C -


* A &


*f9j

-A-.


K
.4

'44




'4,.~ it.
~'1 .3


~1


4.


A'


, ;


,' -- '


I /
/
r


&



























1.~ --~~ -,


I S.


r-


/
VP


-.J


.A *~
'. I



'p
d ~ a


1'


.--11- 1 -/ I


'9 -A ~
III~
L -


q : .



r ...


-It


~.. A. ,~

/


/i


- a
r


/ V
I.


!" r


A


i-..u .**


0(--


- ^


T-


*t /












1 -
-- I-

7J


,I;~ /'"
/ -


-.-.-- .- '-
I


dL


A
4.


A
6-i ~i




S.


.4

S..






.***() /'


4),-'
I--
/




S -


5~S 5-


4w..


5. 5-. ~~c,4*S~- I,
.5' I. C


,1~ *'1
-- *S.'** 2


S r ,-. L
p


2.~ ~7d~


I,-.I f -.5











I


4t


A .- -


/


4


/
* U


* 5 5 1


p'. "


I.


-J
4.








~


-~ '-2


- ... I 5 N


54~ s a




4 .
I,





















V


/





r




... -

'.w, ',*' '.' ,. .. ..


SEVENTH FLORIDA INFANTRY.


The 7th Regiment was mustered into service at Gainesville,
Florida, in April, 1862, with esxGuv. Madison S. Perry as Colonel;
Robert Bullock as Lieutenant-Colondl, and Tillman Incram -as a ajcr.
The companies were oo.Lnanded by Oaptainis Roland (Roland Thomas rovi-nod
immediately and was succeeded by Honry T. Ycrl:), Cc. A; James cottes,
Co. B; Philip B. II. Dudley, Go. C; Simeon Va-.wandinrha, Co. D;
I ,I am Cc D;
Nathan S. Blouint, Co. E ; WilliaL; :. Slo.in, Oo. F4 S. D. ,.:JcOo.eli
Co. G; Trade I,. Eichclbcrgcr, Co. 1P4 ni. S. ilc.seley, Co. 1; R. -b.
Smith, Co. K; The coEj..'.n.ec forcing this Reginiert ]sad beocn On duty
at various points in Flcri.: for several Loi:.thn. :rior to their
consolidation az tUhe 7th c_-irneient, notably at Tarpa and flew SrNyrn,,
where they did --.zo-illent service. Soon e.fter bcing risustercd in t-,y
were ordered to 'Ti'ic.nc.e to join Brd.g 2'. Ari-iny, i.h '.;Ih-ich it Look
part in ll the c apaigr of ahe Ar7r cf- Tenrez7 an, ,.tnr';.c.-.rccL but
a handful of 'men .with Johnstorn at the clos,00 oP. i.he u.'i.r.


,,I 4'.-/ 4 $ J -
" ;^&y 7./. ^ ..... "*'-* "-'
-.~~ ", "^/ ^" <' ,, i' ;, /"

4--'- -?, ,
r--'rt j- rz 74-vs ^-^ -v, ^ "* I/^ t
d? 'r 4t/c.P? tcy; ftI *% ,'^ "^ / '/ i ?^ 5'>2<
/7 ,' @' /^^ >7 ^ r^ 1/



^ fl1Pf$ ^ff */-- "^?- r/ A '-'^ *t" 'r)'w
-,$ .VS-A ("-',A
.' w "wf T'"





it? 4) ^ 'f -* 'e' v P /'?.x
4"rT- "i ';" tf
r.;- ./-..y
7t
zs.S')L~e 4,, 2
ta'i '.. .. .--I 2' -- ., -'* "?,,..,.. ". t k-., i .. *t-a.- ^ .-^ i- -J^ '* .ff'^** L'* '*.^iUM ^ -j~


N, i







( .e4.rt ;t1 / / -^ .^ ^
;.^ .%_ ^ ^ i -^ 'r


/r.^ tL4.t/yt *, / -Y ^^ '7-s-~ ,< ^/.9-frIIC Z i"t- / Sbt^ta
^-y y /e /.L t [/ / r -^^'-tn- t4 2 Z, & .---< ^
://l /tb..t. t4/ ittA. _.-/.. .u .. ^-.
,'t I- /i- S ,t.21 .'Yt4-,4 ,, < tft,?>i7 1Z- g; ) e --tt-e
l J ._# .- J..... 6.. y # "- "" .; *
.,./,, f/._,, 4/7 4 -.v -. I 7




olls? 'it

: i .9 A' .t-A !? Si I- tiI 'l-
/-.; ./ .. .. /
..... L._ ,y, ". .... '. "iO
,. ... ^. _^<7 ,/, .-V.


S:. -
a /' lii' #
,;d; "A 7 ...*.-- A'-
f' '.,* .7, c .@ .-/ (afC
'": ; ".', i .. /..-.. e-. : .., -*^ ,- -.. .
*., -- :-.$-*.. (' 'f t /-J'" --
,. .. _/, .,... /
19 r / v -- r '
.,. ,. ./ 4- "i #.- *, '- /_, k 2 ,- "" -' /. y,
,.... ... ..;*, .../ //-/ < f ^ .L '_-
,> r *. ,'' ,. /, ^ ) j "
..:; / ;,* i ., ,' # ,- ';; "^
-a ,. -
e-. a <1 57 -r *l>y^ r^. r <
3) .. a -4.t';' -t... 4,"
e ,. "- -
\ ^ *^ f .-^ / 9*7 ,,t' -'- I ', it-A, r'.. .


.'., / '* -" :.!*- *~ < ; "- ., -- ^ '^ -
I f
,' ... .' ,;. ^,- .. .-.-:, .,- ,
r-"- 4' ,,... ( .. *,, / ,-t C.
t:-I I/t )
'r "- ." 4 *, i4:.' I..- .. ..

r* /. .r % ,. f ,
4.A V I 91' 4 .lo r or jv )






ej < .... 4 .4'
r /


S...^t< '": -.^ .... ^ -1. +" '. -; ,. <.< 7
* ..^ ij' ,^ .-., ,.. y^ ,/ ^ ^ y
,. -- --
-v I 5 ...



9)9 I,- .4. -1 /' -r7:. ,
r, t-'-
(I~~ Pit, a,----


_~. "-/ 14 j,., t'E '.
.": _. .. .. / 9 .. 2 zs- 6 .4'+ 7 .- .'! :.
,., ; ,,/... 1,-47t .- ,' .: .:


'--I
14




















1 -,
r .W. 4. v-


-4.


6







'S.


/


I.
a. ? -


1


A' *~'~ (4 ~ ~)
4~,*~r / .4 ~.

.4.
dS






1



a-- /~ t
4 '--A -
-


a.~- .~I v...


.' ~'







I-


*D 41

4.






~ ~;'


e '# ,^ '. A .. J -* t "<

l "' $ /
/ ,/












.^ ,. .- '. ^ -.-". !- / .. ** ^:* -



;~~- .-/. '
,. 4. s ,$ 4 /, i *-', ,



4 4 ( 4 4/, 4" ./ J* .













*i _'., ^ *"
.* -a-- a ,,^'^ -'T ^ \ ^ *^" r; -* / .'





.... f .. / .. .- -, "
.1 -e- -* .t^' a'* I 4
4 4 5' 4 1/. '*


-5, -/



,; a-- .. .-'. .".- .

*5 .. 1
5-. **' *^ <-


S,*. a.\ 4.--" < -L ^ ^ t -< --- "



.. i .,I- -
a- -* ,'- ( f ie- v r >


,a */ A. a 'D-. -- **a i i a -




.4



/ ^.. .-.*1 *' "-


-A


/


t I


I




a..


a


4 0


a-)
S. aS


/5










r)


--S


-.-


,A


... I












































































-IL


/ a


3 9


I j I


II }



II' ll*


S. .. ,:F m
,.- ./ '* / ._--<


t I/ .


* 41

is


I ~:.





*~~ -


I ...


I *.


I -





.3-


I i


L '-

/
* (I.

A ji
o,


A'


'3
r ~V '~





43





ft
- I- -


3.~.' IA
.3,



3 -

.1 Jt~~ I
'3

s 4


* 33




'I-


/ Le
/

-


S ') ,


,.J -^ S A ....


7---


3
I


C


Ag

3


, : .,-: L.



A" .' r j, S




/ .3 3 3

Ji ,' ;' t "'r ,, : ,. _
*. -" l" '









S*. .-
,** ,* .*^ ,- rf ,^ ,* i ,




"
.-, ,- f1
A- --4 ,. -_
".A ,l t + -' s ..


t .' *-^,-, -




,' ,- (

f'I
a

'3^

-3.,
i !








0 -






2

'I'
,4 ";


+t



I I .; 4-
/ : i-- t -<



t ( /
tilt y ; /' ,
I


.* ,- *i ,, ,
9- t"


#, 4 -3 -
.... ,- .', -i A ; ..
" I" '' /. r











-' ." A e. *

SI. -' ) ( t




/ .- ;> -.-'
.- A' ^ ^ .i. ;. "
r,,,' ,., ..:


I -, S I 31 J ,4 4

.3 *. &, :rt r. .z'* -. f E A t *
F i / r .c

('5, .3(
/ .. i.. y ,4.

. .. ^ ,.i t,,i^ ^ ^' ^


/~ ~ ~, ,^. ^-'




J/


=,/

2 5" J- e- f -




-" *_ _. --f / f. .t -,

A ^^y ^ .<". "*.


V U ti

1 '" .


1 1


3 3,,
:/^- 7-y*'

-.~>~ S:...'t> ^


L


. rft




--" -.. / '.L
. ,/-
I *"~-- ---. / ;. ,.
I -,- "
-' .. .. ....' *
*~~~ ~ ~ "" *** ** '** -i- :" '- r. I ft- ".* / -
*' ? ---- _f^ / "--- "^ .. .. ': / ". .
:.". *; '* ^ < .. *.. :,', -^ / :/'" I / : ": < -" "'.* .
S.,,-... '~ ,~ t.
Account. of the first occup.-tion or battle of "(ni, ilie 3 L 1

_i ,,^-. '..y -_l ira.3:, here? at tho;,-( t ihj:i f ....f s,. ocad.
-".-'. i r ...
S patiton of _Gaines ,. It occurred between the day of and

the ^. day of 189f- Chambers command o-wuiped .her the night ?

: revlous to the occupation by the v"" s.- ware o the inarch north
Un the direction of Lake City.do not know the objective point nor the
"k "^ i *
Vurpose.(as you know I was only a soldierand they are not supposeAo o

'-. ho'. but to obeyorders) when we were overtaken by.,i courier b..:c-ing

.3L);.o.ies to the commander. and it was very soon noised through the

: -' ..conmand that the yankees were at Gainesvillemnd were fortifying with ':

C otton bales. as soon as the corn.,nd got their dinner. 'We notified .
-'.V5 ". ; N *
I- tge officers that the yankees were at G.inesvilie ,and we were order)
"'. /,
o ib-k to Gainesville. we ai back rather 4-----F

TV. 3' ^l out near the cunning hw.neia where Yi(e ine.3 lieut Col pyla

Il a fewv old men and boysre3vly to join us,after a consultation as tc

S-vh, t w-vs tge best to do it was decided by the officers ,to o0a3 to

'to rm by the two roads one leading through Cunni nghans lane and up
'" > f ^ -* I, y ^',.*
S what is known as "r Street. and theother should come from the
"'ii-"north and come up Wht is known as West Main Street. that chambers and-

,A his conua.nd s1ioarld approach the v'-y via ,, stre"tJ and
.:\ -" L': vi ./.,P~ l ee n
.Li.,t -- ",[ ,Lth his ii-3,en should appro.ju h the 3 I' by -i,- of4' "


i ,, ) o l V, r it. he ooLa e V '


I ', ~,,..3. for volunteers to follow lieut Ram Reddick in a charge, andc

twelve man marched out. and with lieut Reddick l.linig tgem they came-

^ liberty street and charged the yankees, xWde right up onto the cotton

bales. but the yankees fought well and we were repulsed,the troops

S"nder col Pyles did not materialize we captured two of the yank'3e
_3) Q -3,),e~Ts ,-bo'n Tbot~'-iere the G. ad G. % Oepot is suppose they i.'*r, .1
"' L-. if th-r A.m* kL1 nd "'le .four wou n'"" a ,-
.lcic,.t. ., *^ Lo .tin the'ohirj- 4M kl.l L^. and ,v/e h,^d four worm.ted

S' "i ; .." t ....-






'


















f/."























\I
a}


Ir .....






~'irst, oattle ~oOrittnued.


Lij it R1 k.Wik wasT, badly wound- i. th t f' id ';; rippl-d f.'>r

bIln.-3.3e of his life, Capt Chambers then withdrew his coiinand a'a .

went out to the stewart place about eight miles and e-iped there tk

that night, the next morning the Captain marched the ooamn.ind back to

Gainesville. where we learned that the enemy had taken their departu

Sthe night before leaving aboit ten o'clock. +.hey left in good order t,

taking with them quite an timber of npjroes i ,-\. thought useless to -

folloq theli and the;3scaped to Jaoksonvil.Le,

We h%,d in ,h v'.. 'rs o01-rnrd ,boti oi h. 1. t 1.v.>. of aS gooda

sold.ies as thor -,ee tr n the ,., and the vraicois +J, d about fifty

all told. the outcome was anything but creditable to the officer in

comraand of the confederate forces, thus ended the first foray into tti
this section of the country.


C.


























































F!


Mt


. .. .1


I '* I




I.
0



P4.
t
/'.



1~ ,,
4/
c-/f

j -


/"I -/ -~.


-. I,


4,

.4
-- I



44
- 4 r


44-i'

/ 'I


/-F


-, 4-...--


L --
9-
/

p4 hat,
/ 4-- 44/
,44~

I I


16
4,i .. 4


) ,4
Ii
~- 4.-


TY.-I4~. .~
.1


K---


4' L r




y/ U
/

-r
.4)

H>' 4'.

"2 P


r 4 .


*' ''' lr .t -* ,t -** '


/
4.. 4.


4,
ye


*-i.


4/-c *'




/ 4' 4"

LiP Lt~t2rYktCJIrL$' &btL$ 4t-t

Ii I 14'
/1 $-~


4 .; If


~r .19


'-I
4,


7Th
It f-v
'4 .4


fl Kr ~ 2'. >''
4-
r

I'


- ... >/1


I ./
LIP-. L ,,


L t ,. .


4/5 ';(r '~
Li


./


.,4- ." '--I 1. '+--"


p44,~

./
44* -
v-Ic-
6


.. .I,.. t1 ... --


-I..--
q~ *~


/~. 4.


I'


/ -. .


j* ) 44 .


A


I


* L "* ''' "


i) ..


4, I .


.' % +," '

,;1 L


'C


A I


S /.. r1 i '

t


-4---.
r
S.. .4


1~~


.- f"l 11 1"


. ,"d .-+


I 1 1'





C. k/jij.

4,
/ h*'.


*, V


' I ;


4.


.-, |H
r- ,



./. 'i ..- ., ,'" *' ," / '/ t '. % ^
/ ,.- .,


-A,


-'---4--
hE


I' 7 / I


i/i'>
-U.


Fr
/ -.4/


I-),,,


/
,


r'
! ,


/ .
# J


4/


v ~
.4/ -,


C 44


~'~ q





1.44
/4. -
9- 4





/
~J)/u~ K


'I

A '
4..'


dn -, 4'-4n-y t^^i<*


4-.


1/
'Ii
41~1"


** 1 I'


d~ 4~t.b~2 )~m.t~k.4A. ,r a4* 47 As


AdQC.w.a' 4t ~cec (A ZsC-t/
/
4 .
C ., ~,,fl/*Y4Ab.,
.4.4Jssa,6 V' k.r..


I .- I


..- e1


%4.


/1'~


L-.


* \ '-


/


fr


'C-



.., ..-I


.. ,,: ., .






S" .,
.. -, 4 .... ,.
*ir" r' :% **
.' "' l- / . t .- *
-*'* )t J/44
4. 4 4 4 -
*,' "'

4 : i

-tj

I,







i 4 '

," ,-*;


---













.4-4.. ,






- .- -- / L .
,' c ; .


. \


i I I


',A


...... r






After 3 ,Jay.,-. rmr-titn u,'
SAML. A. S. .\NN,
Lock [i. r -,
''E.RN.NDINA, 1"LA.


I*4J


I


A






Cj7S1






JaireirtrffrtK* j-'**
'.s-f ^ ^K ~ Jluini,.lrtbua.
_1 .',317 ( oen e tLI ; <



= .... j *
!..- .** *'u n ,_,,. : ., h S 8



r.C ..Sar, chez .'l..'

ainesvllle ,;la.

De"ar Sir;-
In further response to your letter of Sept.llth I have
-iled to find a:..-,:. the old books of the ria.R.R.Co.some of i.We
LInormation called for in the interro-atories siL. itted br you.
I can only slate that I came to Fer .a..-.-.;, from n l. :, _ton,.. C.
in November 1855,to fill the position of A.cocuntant for the L".:.i-
pal Contractors,Genl.Alexr.!c'Rae, G7enlJos.' 2.',r and Col.Archi-
"enl. -an"Jo and ', also acted
Sb;.ld H. Cole(c-:.,.i.sing the fiin of Jos.Finr., .. o.a also acted
as Assistant Secy.& Tr.eas.of the Fla.R.R Co.,which corporation kas
o)i-rtered J13th 15" and the road constructed in accordance ',Iti
:- p'..visi"rls of the Internal I2pr:vement Act of Jany.'Oth,1855 L.I.
greatly aided b, the liberal grants of land made to it by both the
State of Flo.'ida dnd the general Gover].entt.
The 'riLiil promoters and Stcokholders of the road,were
I'avid LYulee,Trh.st., Geo.W.,Call, Seoy & Treas., with Geo.R.Fair-
.ban'-s, Jd..-j oqueen :Tclntosh, JudL, J.H.Brownson, Philip Dell,
'.T)hn Pzrs-,ns, Joseph Finegan, Archd..H.Cole and- ThIos.O.Ho., 2, i-
r'e ctjr.;iS
,' The work of construction was begun at Feri.ai-.,lia in the
'- L.i.L.,-r o'f 1855 at. a .1ist suitable j..int on the S:" TIndi.) plantation of the late Countess of 7h:.'ont,fronting "'he brc ,-.
ha-rbr.-r at .the confluence of Amelia bay and Ci..-b.--rland Sound,. 1ich
fine p'r..p-rty(now the Site of the City of Fer:,:,.' Li.4was purchased
;, fOi tlie estates of D,::,-:o and Karia Fernandez in 1851.
The records of the old R.R.Co.show that the road was corn-
pleted .or 75 miles in April 1858 and that 3O additional miles (a
little i'jst of Gainesville)were then graded :y sub-contractors
Lunder J.c.Finegan & Co.who,in ':a:y 1858 sold out. their contract to
.dwd.iT.Dic!:.erson & associates who completed the road to -ainesville
inti; ..h-iit.r of 1859 and succeeded in i,'iin. its 'ck on to Ce-dLr
,.ey earl-y in the year 1831.
'h.}en Fernandi..a was evactuated,`-u'oh 2d 18S2,all bo..1:
and Cther Y, cr,.ds of 1'1i Fla.R.R.Co. ,then in my charge,-;.-re 1-..tily
removedd -ainesville. where the Company maintained d its headquarters
i: .'in ..il after- tl, close of the Cibil War in 1865. The Cco.pa. .y Is
'".' (refugee,-ifioce was in a nar-,.: 2 story frame building si-uat'.,d at
..- thlie c-rner of. & ____st ,'reets, now or,'.ipi,-.
,. ^ ,y'- -w .. ... ... - .. .- -.. ..... . . . . ..
.. .,r _1je 2 _l L'st .-,ar,ait,' '!je ,oiipa. -i- moved to Gainesville,
'0 '..-... .T.r.Swann was appr.inted by ie R.R, "o.,and spec.i ly detailed by '1-.-
],n, ed,_rate ,overI'L .1ntto act as Treasurer,L ook-1'ee, r ari-td .Cii .-,
































































































-4
.t.


U., .* I





aun'l A. ftnutf,'
317 Brntrt. O


-2-


1he road-all other officials being in the Army. 7 His po'- man-
si-n(a hastily built log house of 2 rooms)stood very near where the
f;-resbyterian Church n-,, stands,and 1t ,aas while Zhis family was
occupying that picturesque premises that the ti-.iv was temporarily
occupied by Federal troops whose raiding party was signally routed
by Genl.J.J.Dickinson A'.gust 17th 1864 after their occupation of
the town but for a few short hours.
Having aE.ima:d too great an undertaking(that of Trear.,
,iC) nte dent.r S am ....
.Dookkeeper and S.'pcrintendent)r. Sa 's i-'.ia- oi"tion frced
himL, to resign the office of Treasurer and in 1863 while the Coi.LpaLny
-..,a thus refugeeing at Gainesville wr.rredk.C.,ar',tt' was appointed
to that office and John Hedges as Assistant Bookkeeper. These two
gentlemen had rooms,and boarded,part of the time at_ __)Hotel
corner ..----- &__- -Streets(now occupied by the ..
_.-,ank.; and part of the time at the"Devill House''and
at "Oakhall".
After the death of :7Tr.Barrett and the r.:val of the R.R.
Company's office back to Fernandina in the year 1866 6:r.Hedzes
asstued the duties of Treasurer.
It is well to note here that it was in Gainesville that,
Oct.6th,1866,the Trustees of the Internal Improvement iFund of the
State of Florida,under the 3rd sec.of I.I.Act of 1855,levied upon
and sold the Fla.R.R.to -Idwd.N.Dickerson and associates who had,in
1858,secured the transfer of the general contract from Jos.Finegan
& Co.and completed the road to Cedar Key.
Chas.0.Bernard & wife from Fernandina also refugee in
Gainesville from 1862 to the latter part of 1855-6,and occupied,
with ..Lr.Swann,one-half of the log castle able referred to.. While
in Gainesville,Mr.Bernard was enrgagrd most of his time in local
Transportation of persons and goods in and about the country.
Other refuc, z from Fernandina who located in Gainesville,w'-ire Co+.
Leonard'Dozier,Geo.Savage, David MTcCuen, Doctor :TcoMillan, Henry
Dozier and 7.dwd.A.Jeffords. Mr.Swann recalls with much pleasure
the names of Judge J.B.Dawkins, Wm.H.Stringfellow, =d-Cd.Haile, Thos.
Haile, Chas.Haile, Jotn D.Young, Jaices and 2has.Chestnut, Dr.MoCaa
and the ever jovial J.H.Roper,all gentlee: who were then most prom-
inent citizens of Gainesville and vicinity.
The most extensive commercial house opened up in Tast
Florida directly after the close of the war,was that of Sav.age &
Haile (Geo.Savage and Idwd.Haile'ohose largJ establishment was
located east of the Square. Besides furnishing supplied for 'lachua
and other counties tributary to Gainesville, his firm aidlod al-st
the entire crop of Sea-Island Cotton raised in the State,shipping
the samjie through their Jacksonville office from the sprin,., of 1055






{f <


O 0 4


e





/ -Satu' A. uai,'^
3 17 (gmtre fc 1 *
, j3trnanbttta, 3lnrtba.




to the winter o 16G-7,f.ich office ,'. uL.d- the .O.-..' ent' --
:.i'.*.ai. ,Mr.Henry Dozier was SavaLe7 & Haile's most valued ai.it-
and ao.d largely IL,.ia2ec the business o' their Gainesville house.
The Coregoing is about all that I can recollect wi-"
reference to my stay in Gainesville during the war. I would be
glad to answer any specific questions touching ii,:dividuals or events
not referred to above.
Yours very truly

........ .....................

V O Ax La"


IOut

\--^. JL ^. ^ _ _ _ _ _ _





/ : *^ LII






^ t.,It ,I..



















t\
^ f,



















.. ,K






Lochloosa, Fla.
10-15-1908

My friend E. C. F. Sanchez,

Your communication of inquiries received recently and would have
received earlier attention, but wife is sick.
Question 1. y father, J. M. Richardson and five sons, camped on lot
N.E. of old East Florida Seminary --- the eighteenth night of Dec. 1854. We
immediately purchased a 5 acre lot of Maj. James B. Bailey and built general
settlement.
Nothing definite of Chief Micanopy of his family. I knew there were
chiefs named Billy Bowlegs and Payn.Bowlegs was recognised as Indian prophet
and was below Peace Creek and later migrated west and Payn I Know nothing of.
Lachua I know nothing of. This county was called Alachua in my esrly days, I
supposed originated from the "Alachua Grant". The now Alachua Lake as you know
was known as Payn's Prairie until its overflow since Civil W7ar. In reference to
forts there were one at Fort Harley three'miles west of Waldo; one at Tewin.-3
ville --;- Ft. Clark seven miles west from Gainesville; one east of Prairie Sink
Fort Tarbor; one east Payn's Prairie Fort Crdin, but they were all destroyed
before my arrival here.
'Iovr Gainesvilley I thinkhe-ve in 1854 the vote of the county dictated
the removal of County site from ejmi''isville to Gainesville, Maj. J'mes B.
Bailey donating the original plot for said purpose. I understand the plot was
three times surveyed- the last time by P. Henry Young. I was occasionally with
them while surveying in 1855.
Just heard there has been some question as to the origin of the name.
Maj. James B. Bailey told me orally 3Ricsxxx*c*i" that the town was named
"Gainesville" in honor of General Gaines. There were no settlements in the town
proper until 1855. This year one J,B,C, Massey built a general merchandising
house on east side of square. Maj. J.B. Bailey was living on his farm about
1 mile S.N. of Courthouse or where it now is. Col. Tillman In7ram built the
noted oak Hall and lived there until war of states then sold i think to Hlon.
J.H. Roper and went to Madison.-Col. Ingram was awarded the contract and
built the Court House,,John ".R Grisson being foreman of construction. In
1866 my father built the first ;nclsure around the Court House I'e Court oaouse
was use for a place worship. "igration now grew rapidly. Dr. phillip Thomas
farther of exmayor W.R" Thomas and five brothers. Rev. J.J. 1IcCom was called
and organized the Presbyerians and they built a church on east sid of street near
oak Hall. Dr. Tom hcCaa, Alic Tiatherson, Cornelias Rains, Stephen .'all and
others settled on the east side of Sweet 'ater Branch em- e, Stephen
Bevill was clerk of court also built the Bevill Hotell S.E. court house. In
fact in 1855 Gainesville was a pine and oak ridge but by '60 it was quite
a town. Sometime I am up there I will t'-ke gre9t pleasure in pointing out
its growth to you.
Early in 1861 Dr. Jefferson "yres raised an infantry Co. and went to
Pensacola. 1862 Col.T. Ingram raised a company and went to Fernundina, about
the evacuation of Fernandina Capt. B.P.H. Dudley raise one, and about the
1st of May, 1862 the Ingram and Dudley Cos. went into the organization of 7
Fla. regiment Ex Gov. M.S. Berry elected Col. Robt. Bullock Lieu. Col. Tillmam
Ingram Maj. and in June were order to Tennessee in May.
About May '65 a provarce Marshall was established here with 'aj. James
Cullen in comd of negrow troop but he was generous and liberal soon after this
hte state went back into the Union and the clouds begrn to pass away -I would
love to see you and talk with you.
Hon. J.1. Roper was from North Carolina I believe a Graduate of Yale
he came to Fla, in '54 or '5 went to Tampa taught the Female one or two term
then came to Gianesville took an active part in gettin- the east Fla, Se minary i
located there and was elected or appointed Principle for several years he specul.
ated in Gainesville real estate for several years nad died of consumption which
caused him to come to Fla, He was considered a useful and generous gentleman-
he represented Alachua Co. in state Legislature.











Respectfully,
1 n. T. Richardson


P.S. If you cant read this refer it to some lawyer.
Captain D.C. Hart of -Miea-nopy 'was living f-L&r Gainesville before I went
there he may be.able to give you something better than this.
"ap. '. Hart
S Mi canopy












0* ~1~.. (


















i



















e







e











''I

'F/I





de

































2 >+' .. .
a
+








(


/.





















/


iU^






44k







"7


I-




a1






.2.-


I.


/ /


C












I

I












t4 '4









4 1.










t 4 *.
































































'I J
7
*~f J


/ ..* .























































































L
V


-I




I.
~1

























/


.1,
/






































/
/
I





*!





Contuel thirn s ation.



On Yaoti L of "',[j Jrnes B. Bailey it was ani-,iousiy r>es)ived tht.

Col.v..el Cololough be, and is herne instructed to call out a sufft

ci'ent force necessary to destroy such portion rs of the Plorida% RP%liro

,',1 %nd t:i Jacksonville road as he, in conjunction ,vith, the militia

authorities think proper should be destroy i to pr.i/::M-t the i1'i/ i,

of the : M into the i it rio.r of ,lorida.

iner Ed'rd HTaile


J Ar'novr
)f -,ao tir net e,-'O



TT-,on Aio,'ptioc. r '73ha )t. '%l of the

iron from the raiiroads, ",,r Vilee thereaupon toli the sdperintie-rdi3-ut

of the road to hold himself subject to Col Colclough 's ordesc.

jas B. Bailey

From pages 221.222, Vol Llll.records of the War.


/.^^.




* 1 '


I


**-- I- *_=_"- *!>* '*L.-.-rt;.;..!.- t- L'









... ; : ^_,'3t '







41 r
1 ,ap~ r _s -.. t. e
B.-.si -s these tro .ue-, ..... ..

First Florid: ?'^sei:"e3, --C61 J '.'a2 iSIS 2* ::''vt JY' ii ;.r7 ,

10 v54,


Ir ... .... .. ., e.tin

Cofi:iOc i"" -.*r-..-e also r-iq..'te r-ej in h.PI,'-.


~*1


I *- I'





I


I


Al

























































































'stAlL...











,T K. 1 1 3. 0 IT4J INr I J'iN j'e l: rnt I '- n .v. A ? .

1 r* f I ,t vi ; [ 8er v ..- 't" .ii-. ,'v K..


t he ['EL.*A.- 1 ,.r f Ii"'.rtni try r.jti4 hO f i "; K. rb t'l Il

i0lr'' iif v 74 ; .-A-f,1if i- ,' 1r) -e ti 'i'' +h 2i ?fllr

"l*- 1 tP i3 7 < *;. -i i? .-i 4 n OfltQ: 'irs iS 1 .


sH s "'I' ? ; r r '' i r n 'ii 1 ,i, [.. ,' t.-) 1 '


r, rv ji'n ,l n."l'. ,- Ii r :'A* 1 nt 1, 11' T i t ', *


T. i ie v3 4 -it I j




to 2-y tr,:Tv ) "i. l 3'1 t C; i il I I 'i n'lii ri't voi't i....v

is ere t.-'..-d v-3.r i,,.


., **'! "; :'.t 'y h' ,\ .

* kfl nI .i* ''4?U1aYr. in2

*(, ; ri.n ,1oe ',ITi ;t. h.t ';

"'*/ '-]i ; ti-.. .r.; :i '.v ?


) 3 r : 'r',?t+ *'rv.


.' 1 Ir ,, t .;


-,n.~' ~


-1c ~


r

1* ~ ~


.1;


'ulI 1 i.h i h n t Lr 1, .r F. r-i ie ....L'I LJ866. A .,1,' r o,),i i '. I L',


/ i r, Lt. ,)


i -ti


,1 A


- "MI





AW:



)


.* .. ..' ..... .' : 7
.... .. .
:' -' .- ... ; -'-."**'.y
*'- ".. ,. *'... ... :S,.
- *- ^', :.. '*,. .. ..,.=.,i l ": '
. -' *;".-. .' c ,-' f -"'.- 4
* -.. .. :.._ ?' *-A.-'':
.,~~ ~ :. i ....._-,., .
_- .- -" -'
" *.' -." ^ ; *".-.,



,y'?:'


..'.z
*I


".. '


/


C -




Full Text
xml version 1.0 standalone yes
Volume_Errors
Unscanned
PreviousPageID P2