Correspondence of General Clinch's family. 1804-1895

A Guide to the General Duncan Lamont Clinch Family Papers ( Related URL )

Material Information

Correspondence of General Clinch's family. 1804-1895
Series Title:
Duncan Lamont Clinch Family Papers (1804-1904)
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Clinch, Duncan Lamont, 1787-1849
Creation Date:
Physical Location:
Box: Box 1


Subjects / Keywords:
Seminole War, 2nd, 1835-1842   ( lcsh )
Plantations -- Georgia   ( lcsh )
History -- Personal narratives -- United States -- Civil War, 1861-1865   ( lcsh )
European Discovery and Settlement in Florida, 1492-1821 -- The Second Spanish Period, 1783-1821   ( fhp )
Territorial Florida, 1821-1845 -- Wars of Indian Removal, 1817-1858   ( fhp )
Ante-Bellum Florida, 1845-1861   ( fhp )
Civil War in Florida, 1861-1865   ( fhp )
Economics and Society: Post-Civil War Florida, 1865-1913   ( fhp )


This collection contains mostly correspondence and newspaper clippings about General Clinch. Topics range from family matters to his military campaign in the Second Seminole War and include letters from the Secretary of War at the time, Lewis W. Cass. The newspaper clippings pertain to General Clinch’s defense of his actions during the Second Seminole War and at the Battle of the Withlacoochee. Also included in this collection are a number of land transaction documents and bills of sale. There are also newspaper clippings and letters about Clinch’s first daughter, Eliza Bayard Clinch, who was married to the hero of Fort Sumter, General Robert Anderson. There are also copies of several wills from General Clinch’s children, several letters of correspondence from within the family, and Clinch’s autobiography written in the form of a letter to his sons. Portions of this latter document are missing.
It is important to note that while there are multiple letters and correspondence regarding the Battle of the Withlacoochee and the prosecution of the Second Seminole War in Florida, there is nothing specific with regard to the destruction of the "Negro Fort." The collection is arranged by topic and then chronologically within each folder.
United States Military General.
Source of Description:
Originally derived from archival-level ALEPH record 028036225 ( OCLC: 48886522 )
Funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) as part of the Pioneer Days in Florida Project

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History, Special Collections
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
System ID:

This item is only available as the following downloads:

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From The Duncan L. Clinch Papers
Transcription by
Dena Snodgrass
Walter C. Hartridge
October 1964

John H. McIntosh
Fort George St. Augustine 21st Febry 1804

My Dear Sir

!he Govr has granted me full title to all my Lands after

which Dr. Juan Pierra drew up a memorial which I signed for permission

to sell. The judge on viewing it said it was too humble that I

petitioned for favours when I had a right to call for Justice That

he would converse with Pierra on the subject of another accordingly

Dr. Juan called on me last night and informed me as well as Sr

Arredondo that the business had be better put off for a few days

that in the mean time you may rest perfectly secure in your possession

that he would insure you in a few days the absolute title The

Govr seems in better humour tho' I am sorry to add that he has

absolutely refused to permit your corn to go to St. Johns saying

that it is wanted for the use of the town. Bernadino Sanchez Miles

& Co are working hard through the Judge to get it accomplished.

You may purchase from Harrison for cash corn at a dollar as I

have been informed. If I go out of town to the TTills for a few

days I will execute the memorial and leave with Pierra before I

wet out. I repeat to you that you may from all the assurances of

the chiefs make yourself easy & proceed on your business with

cheerfulness nothing new in Town only a great scarcity of money

the Genl complaint.

Yours with all my heart

J McQueen

The Govr gave me the paper on Sunday with orders to return it -

containing that Publication respecting the Florida speculation

& we both agreed that Js Seagrove aas the author adieu

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St. Marys, May 28th,184

With what pleasure my dear Capt. Anderson did I
receive your two kind letters, the one from Charleston, and the

other from Fort Monroe, announcing the safe arrival of my dear
Eliza in both those places. I felt most anxious about her

from first leaving us and was really delighted at your meeting

her in Charleston. Dear child, what would she have done had

ybu not been with her that stormy night at sea. I hope it
will be a lesson to her for the time to come to trust more

in some oases to the advice of those she knows love her, than

to her own fancies I know, it was to save you the trouble

of the voyage that she ever thought of going alone, but as I

feared, she trusted to her own energy of mind, than thought of

body. Had she been alone she could not have stopped the two

days you mention, and might have sank under the fatigue she


I thank God that she has safely arrived at her

destined home and received no serious injury from her fatiguing


From a note to your aunt Kate from Gen'l

Clinch, by last mall we were happy to hear she was pite well.

I hope Fort Monroe may prove a healthy and pleasant situation

for you during the summer but will look forward with the hope
of your being on Sullivan Island Un the winter not that I can
expect to visit you there as you so kindly invite me to do,
much pleasure as it would give me to do so but I may then hope


it will be in your power to visit me your look in upon
us has only made us wish to see more of you. /
I expect my son and his family next week from
Florida, consequently I shall go to M- v for the k .
summer at least, and shall certainly, as you so kindly request
me, take as much exercise in my large chair, and every way I /
possibly can and hope I may be able to get on a little better
than I now do. But one of my age can never expect to be quite
well I have ever enjoyed an unusual share of health, for
which I hope I am thankful. I hope I will not now repine at
Whatever it may please my Heavenly Father to appoint for me.
F All he does is in mercy and odness and for the best.
I t/ev It/ ^"
'* ,-,f I wrote Marg1 shortly after Eliza left me he-..
\vo ./ i I begged her to let me knubw where she intended spending the
^ l summer but I have not yet heard from her. Both she and Tabby are
@S bad b girls at writing.
/' V^You say something of Gen'l CO's return to Georgia
T this summer. I did not know he expected to be ack before the
C Uw&r Aitumn. I have not heard from the reine you le' t there-

Sfore cannot say what kind of a C- he has the prospect of.
Cj.ALj. In Florida they have had no rain for nearly three months.

IV iMr. ahe dler and my son never have had more gloomy prospects, which
his indeed the case with all in this vicinity. H- ("o heard fr(-
from Duncan a few days since, he was then well* The boys here
enjoy their usual good health, and I hope are going on well
in their studies. 1ydsire to be remember affectionately

to you and their dear sister, Tell my dear Eliza I will write
her shortly, and hope she will never again doubt the love of
her fond G.M. for her because she does not hear from her fre-
quently. I sometimes, she knows, cannot write at all, and my


fingers are today so stiff I can soaroely hold my pen,

but I could not let a mail leave without acknowledging the

receipt of your welcome letters.

Mr.Sadler has been on his plantation for these three

weeks, -so expect him and John Madison tomorrow. Tell Eliza

that John was here for a day a fortnight since, and says

he intends going on tb the North shortly to be married to

his old flame, Miss B, and hopes to have you both at his


I shall believe this when I know it has taken place.

Your aunt Kate and Eliza join me in affectionate love

to Eliza, yourself ever consider me your.. affectionate-:-

G.Hother E. Holntosh.

To Captain Robert Anderson,

Fort Monroe, Virginia.



7th. Dec. 1846

My dear Sons,

I left you yesterday morning without saying half I

intended to say and have not time how to write but a few lines.

You must get as many sheets, pillows, pillow cases, a good

mattress, blankets, eto. and such plain good furniture as will

make you both comfortable. I went around this morning to the

tailors but did not find him in., and of course could not learn

anything about the pants, cap and suspenders, but found Bayard's

new coat he had made in St.Mary'sa. This coat Mr. Pringle will

have sent up by a friend, and also Hal's pants, cap and suspenders

if they can be found. I find that Bayard is not as keen as

I thought he was.

I leave in the morning, my dear Sons, and shall feel

anxious until I hear from you. Let me again and again, my dear

Sons, as you love your father and as yoy value your future

prosperity and standing in society, to avoid the company of bad

and vicious boys, cards, smoking and drinking as you would a

rabid animal. Read your bible regularly and you will find both

instruction and comfort. Meet the kind attentions of my friends

with politeness and attention on y.ur part, pay great respect

to Col. and Mrs. Peyton and your professors. You will find

friends in all of my friends.

In fact, my dear Sons, be kind and polite to all and

may God give you strength and firmness enough to live virtuously

and make good and useful members of society.

I remain, my dear 3Sons, your fond and devoted father

H.A. & N.B. Clinch
Columbia, S.C.

Refuge Plantation
4 Feb. 1847
My dear Sons,

Henry's affectionate letter of the 28th ultimo

came to hand last night as we were all seated around the

fire, expecting the arrival of Loudon with the mail. Its

contents gave us all much pleasure, with some asmail grain

of alloy. To hear that you were both well and pursuing

your studies with vigor and industry was most gratifying,

but on the ether hand the state of things in the College,

is most painful and alarming. The disSpeation and outbreaks

as described in your affectionate letter is greatly to be

regretted and unless a most thorough reform takes place very

soon will lead to the young gentlemen in College and ultimately

of the institution itself. Let me then, my dear Sons, as you

value the happiness of your devoted Father and your own future

prospects and standing in society to avoid the bottle and cards

as you would the most deadly poison. Do not, my dear

Sons, be tempted to engage even in Samox parties that

you allude to in your letter. Take your stand at once and

resolve not to have anything to do with such parties.

Resolve, and that firmly, not to taste ardent spirits, until

you are 21 years of age, and my worM for it you will never

regret having done so. If you have any of the firmness of

character possessed by your now sainted Mother, or your fond

Father, you will I am certain, be able to carry out any

resolve you make. A very long experience has fully

proven to me that the greatest security against vice 0f any

kind is to keep out of the way of temptation.

I would not, aV dear Soneas, have you mean or

parsimonious, but there is a great difference between genteel

econoqr and extravagance and you will invariable find that

the student that spends the most money in College is the

poorest scholar and the lowest on the list for good conduct.

Avoid then, my dear Sons, everything like

dissipation in whatever shape it may assume, either in ESggnog

suppers or anything else. Select for your associates young

gentlemen of the best standing for good conduct,

religious and moral feeling, and adhere strictly to those

principles yourselves and you will, notwithstanding the

difficulties and dangers that now surround you not only go

through college with honor and credit to your selves, but you

will gladden the heart of your devoted Father and fond family.

I presume Col. Preston will let me know when it

will be necessary to remit more money to meet your college


Your dear sisters write you so often and are so

much better at giving you the local news that I leave

such matters to their pens.

The arrival of your dear sister S with dear little

Eba has added much to our happiness. They are both in good


I took dear George to Waynesville a short time

since and left him in rather low spirits. He was anxious to

take his pony and puppy with him. I thought however that

he would be better without either.

Your Brother Houston will leave us in a few days

for Lang Syne.

Your Cousin John with his wife left us some days

since in good health.

You said nothing, yqr dear Sons, about the

coat left by Bayard in Charleston. I requested Mr. Pringle to

send it up to you, but he has never mentioned whether he had

done so or not.

My crop of rice has fallen short asome five or six

thousand bushels, of Mr. Skinner's estimate.

Mr. Forrester, my present Overseer, is I think a

very intelligent and honest man and a good planter. So far I

like him very much.

We received a letter from dear little George last

night. He was very well but anxious to get home.

We are all pretty well and unite in much kind

love and affection to you both.

May God in His kind mercy guard and protect you

through all of your youthful temptations and trials.

I remain your devoted father

D. L. Clinch

H.A. and N.D. Clinch
Columbia, S.C.

P.S. Present my kind respects to Col. and Mrs. Preston.

Your sisters will attend to the French books.


Refuge Plantation

22nd. April 1847

N. .Clinch

Columbia, s.C.

My dear Son:

It is not my haoit to put off for tomorronohat

should be tone today, but eeveralciroumstancee have combined

to prevent my sooner answering your affectionate and well

written letter onr. the subject of your entering West Point.

I should not have been eo tardy in answering

it if your fond sisters were not in the practice of writing al-

most every week and in one of their letters coounicated to you

at my request my views respecting your entering West Point or

rather application being made for you to enter this summer.

It is my wish my dear Son, to consult as far as is

in my power the wishes of my children as to profession or

business which they may wish to pursue to obtain an honest and

honorable living by Lhfir own industry and talents.

I therefore most cheerfully assent to your' going to

West Point provided i can procure you a Cadet's Warrant next

year, this however is very doubtful a& you knzow.the Whigs have

but little or no influence with the present administration.

The Cadets are appointed by, or rather recommended by, the

Members of Congress to fill vacanciea that may occur in their

respective Districts, except ajuut 10 who are appointed by the

President at large. Should a vacancy occur in this Diotrict,

new represented by Jr. Those B. King, and I oan prevail upon

him to recommend you to fill it you will be able to get your

warrant June 1848, but if not I may still be able through vy

friend Gen'l. Scott to get you appointed by the President as

oneof the ten appointed at large. Z'his is however very

doubtful and I think your chance of entering at iesi. Point

iS by no aaans bright. I w$l1 however, my dear Son,

do all in ms power to accomplish your wishes and if we cannot

succeed we must be#V it with becoming firmness and you must

tnink of sce other profession. You have my dear Bayard,

talent enough with proper energy and industry to take a nigh

and honorable stand inz any pursuit you may wish To engage in.

La a letter received from Col. Preston by the mail

of last evening I was much delighted to learn that you and

dear Hal had so conducted yourselves since you have been in

College as to give much satisfaction to the President and

Professors. This to me is amozngst the highest gratification

I could have and the Information has given much pleasure to

your fond mother and dear sisters.

Col. Preston writes me that your College expenses

eta. will amount to $575 up to thi close of the present team.

This is going rather expensively to work and you and tear Hal

must look around you and be aule to give me a pretty accurate

account of your expenses. There is hardly any habit so useful

to a student or in fact to anyone as that of keeping an account

of every cent they spend.

Your brother Dunoan returned homa a few days since

looking very well and very much pleased with his appointment.

He .will probable spent 8 or 10 days in the County, having

gone to Centersville this morning with the view of recruiting

for his company.

I have sent Col. Preston a draft for +400 which

makes $700 in all paid him. Out of this sum he willU give

you and dear Hal money to take you to .Clarkesvillo in July


1all dear Hal that it has been some time since I

have received a letter from him.

Dear little George was with us a short time ago

since looking very well.He anticipates much pleasure as

well as other members of the family in meeting you and

dear Hal at Lament next summer. We expect to leave about

May 15th. The last accounts of Mariana, your dear sister

Eliza and dear little lba were well. We are well and write

in much love to you and dear Hal Henry.

I remain yeL fond.father

D. L. Clinch


The glorious victories under the two great Generals

of the day, Scott and Taylor, have filled the whole country

with rejoicing. I have a miserable pen which must be rq

apology for this scrawl.


Clarksvillej Ga.
Oct. 23, /V7

My dear Sons,

I send you as above a check of three hundred dollars,

which I hope you use with care and economy. Your dear sister

Mary wrote you by the last mail since which we have learnt from the

papers that Captain Anderson was severely wounded at the great and

glorious battle fought under the walls of Mexico. I pray God it

may not be as bad as we anticipate. As yet we have not let your poor

suffering sister see the paper containing the sad news, as we

fear under her present weak and agitated state of health that she

would hardly survive the shook.

May God in His mercy give her and all of us strength to

bear the worst He may have in store for us.

Your brother D. has written several letters since he left

us, all in high spirits, and full of honor and military form. Poor

fellow, as he little knows what he has to encounter before he reaches

the height of his ambition.

The feeble health of your sister will, I fear, detain us

here much later than we expected. Poor old Daniel is also quite sick.

You will have learnt from the papers that I have been de-

feated, and the Whigs say, from too much confidence on their part.

Be this as it may, as far as my own feelings and interest are con-

corned, I am perfectly satisfied and shall be much happiest at the

Refuge this winter than at Milledgeville.

I beg you my dear sons to be economical of your time, health

and money so that your great aim in youth be to lay the foundation to

become wise, good and useful members of society.

Present me most kindly to Col. Peyton, Col. Goodwin

and family and other friends.
We all unite in much love & affection to you both. I remain
.- fond father D.L.Clinch
H.A. & N.B. Clinch, Columbia, S.C.

Refuge Plantation
Camden County, Ga.
12 Feby. 1849

My dear Hal:

Your letter to your sister gave us the first iIformation

of your long indisposition and acmifineaent, whLich hais given me much
anxiety aoout you. I cannot/wy dear )Jyar- did. nct write

and inform me of your sickness, tell him he is a carelessfellow. I

hope you will soon recover your health ,-na strength aid that you will

renew your attention to your studies with energy. BH.yard is a poor

correspondent. I do not believe he has written to me since he left


Your mother and myself ire entirely alone at this timae.

Tour Brother Duncan left with your Brother Houston for Florida, some

two weeks since, and your Sisters Lamont and Maria are on a visit to

some friends in Mcintosh County, and may riot be back for a week.

My plantation has been and continues very sickly, having

lest 5 or 6 negroes since my return bome. The loss of part of my

crop and the low prlce of rice has depressed my spirits a good deal

and keeps me at hore, making reneoed efforts for another crop.

Your poor Sisters have given up all hope of being in

Washington on the 4th. of next March next. They will only miss a great

deal of trouble and annoyance and but little pleasure.

I regretted to learn from jour letter of the illness of

Col. Preston, but loam from the newspapers that he is much better.

Present my very kind regards tc the Col. arnd lru. ?.

Your good Mother and myself are bUth well an& urits in

much love to dear U and yourself.

I remain your fond Father


Mr. H.A.Glinch
Columbia, South Carolina

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:. For Monroe,Va
Sunday S3rd,Jtne 1854
Darling wife:

I was much surprised, on stepping out of my door
this morning, to meet Duncan, who had arrived a few minutes
before, in the Ball boat. He looks very well and not a word
has been pokbn yet about business. His manner evinces, I am
delighted to find, no trace of ill feeling consequent upon our
honest differences of opinion. I shall deeply regret it, if
I find in conversing about our duties, that he entertains any
other than feelings of affection and confidence towards me.

I am very much worried at the account he gives
of the health of the family. Mary, he tells me is in bed half
the time, with her headaches, eats nothing and takes no exercise.
She will become, if she does not take proper means of relief,
I fear, a confirmed dispeptic urge her to take regular and daily
exercise either in the carriage, or by walking, or a little
of both. It is important that all of you should be attentive
and careful. You, my prescious wife, I am sorry to say, require
fresh air and exercise to recruit you, nearly as much as anyone else.

Monday morning Yours of the 20th received yesterday .
morning gives me great pleasure. I fear, however, that you ':-1
will be a good deal worried at not knowing how to continue to-u4
sleep your company. My office might be arranged, by putting
therein a bed and wash basin, making a very respectable dormitory
for Mr. Latham or Bayard. I must write short notes this morning to
both the grandmothers and will have to bid you good morning with one
or two last speeches. We talked over affairs yesterday, and Duncan -
perfectly friendly -confessed that one or two points presented
themselves in a different light from that in which he has regarded
them before. He speaks of the very disagreeable and unpleasant
AA manner of 5- towards him Iyvp the darlings for me do strive
not to let trifles worry yoL. What you now regard of so much im-
portance as to worry you will, in after life, when you see how others
live and are happy, appear mere matters "light as air".

Tuesday-The saAnd flies were so bad last night as to
interfere very much with the pleasures of all sound sleepers here-
I, although, I took my indispensable morning bat*i, feel pretty badly -
and having some official writing to attend to, shall not be able
to have much of a chat with you. I paid some visits,--wth Duncar %7 a
last evening calling at General Bankhead's, Col.Heyserl-'w-d IAN
on Col.TaIt r Gen'l B. took D. out riding in the afternoon- o 0 .-
in the ale-m r conversed with Mrs.Geo. Floyd about modern
f fashion al--. e agrees with meo perfectly about polling I found
her a very sensible pleasant lady. The Governor and Mr.Preston
are both very agreeable and companionable men. Called with Gen'l l .
Bankhead last night on his Excellency this morning Gov. F. o'l/* "
and Mr.P. accompanied me to the beach when in finding the bathing
house occupied by two women, were compelled --to b0 higher up the
beach hope they had no---

Duncan will remain here till he hears from the
girls he will then, I Sancy, go on and pay you a visit.
Wednesday, 26th I had hoped to have had the
satisfaction of telling you in this morning's talk, that we would
ina day or two, turn our faces homeward, and that I should be
at all events much nearer to you than I now am. But all such hopes
are dippelled by yesterday's conversation the plan which was
informally agrred upon, was to remain here till all the writing c 4
was completed and to go to N.Y. and thence to Gen'l .LSa-A _rLd ,
if at West Point, and to present the report having carefully A .
reulewed it after seeing Col.Taylor's H drill-
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I do not, dearest, therefore feel in very bright
spirits but will scribble this letter off and send
it by today's mail, as you will expect one on
Saturday from me.
How axe the little pets? I fear that Mala
will forget her own papa's step before he gets back -
I would give anything to have all of you ahere. There
are some very nice people here I have formed very few
acquaintances. Mrs.Preston and Mrs.Floyd I have already
mentioned. I am very much pleased with both of them -
their husbands went 6ff in the Richmond boat this Monday,
intending to return in a few days. I was introduced last
night to Miss Glell, niece of Major GlSell, formerly
of the Army and..She and her cousin whose name I did not
hear didtinctly, are lively pleasant girls. Major Selding -
8th also left this morning.-He goes to the Va springs.
I saw on board the boat Mr. Timberlake, a gentleman you have
heard pOutr father speak of when you were in N.Y.
Seldon says that Duncan will be mighty apt
to stay here all summer if a certain young lady smiles on
him. He says that she is a very dangerous acquaintance, and
as the captain escorted her to the hotel last evening to look
at the dances, thinks his chance of being cught a&pretty
good one. She's the youngest daughter of Lut. upy- -
whose charms are so dangerous she is a very sweet glrl and
has a very devoted admiza in Major Hunt. I think that Duncan
will go to Portland as soon as he gets a letter from the girls -
I want him to go, not only to see you, but to attend to the
shipping of the monument, which must be nearly done. /if8
Breakfast is now ready and I will now close I' t.
this letter and take it to the board room where I will add a '
few words if I can do so during our disoussion. Give Eba and
Mala a sweet morning kiss for me.
12-1/3 9- Hard at work altering language -
a difficult task as frequently no two agree as to the change
to be adopted Give my loe to Mrs. 0. and say to her that ..
I am delighted to hear that the BSireble air agrees so well
with the girls and herself, and that, as soon as I can get
time and feel in a writing mood, I shall write to her begging
her to remain at 8t Preble with the girls all the summer A
I would not like to have them leave you while they are suTa
ing in health to go to Va Springs or elsewhere, as they might
find the change far from beneficial I hope that a summer's
residence with us will restore a4l to good health If Duncan
leaves Old Point for Boston and before I do, may it not be well
to ask him to take your trip in? This pen is so horribly bad
that you will not be able to read any part of the letter.

your own

God bless and guard my treasures be prudent -

fond husband
Robert Anderson

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pt. n-oen va.&
,une3, 18 1..

Dearwst Wife

I had made up my mind that I was to receive a letter from you, or
from one of the girls this morning, but by wome miscalculation or the
doctrine of probabilities I find I am deceived as the mail man brought
me nothing. I can not receive one now 'till by Tuesday's mail as no
mail leaves Bal t on Sunday.

fin intensely hot day I am completely wilted. I am now sitting
in my room, 5-2 P I., trying to make myself as comfortable as
possible, but the heat is so great that the presence or absence
of clothing makes very little change.

I took my bath this morning and had not time aftermy return to
write before breakfast This being muster-day I went inside with
Lt. Brent ahd ohe or two c-ther gentlemen ans was so much heated by
making the rounds with the Gen'l Bankhead that I had not sufficient
energy to do more than last me through the morning service.

I was in the ball room last night a short time and after taking
a turn or two around the room (not the polka) came out on the
portico where I found it so much cooler and pleasant than it was
in the room that I did not return into the toom. The first part
of the evening I was talking with Mrs. Floyd, Mrs. Preston, Biss
Glassel (niece of .: j. Glassel formerly of yr. Father's Rgt). The
latter part I chatted with Liss Brent who Br. Duncan had escorted
to and from the garrison parade ground to hear the Band. She is
just from a Catholic School near N. Y. is quite pretty and will
become quite a bell. I was introduced this morning to a very
sweet looking married lady who is here an invalid.. irs. Wiley -
she is an invalid and very delicate. 1y old friend Dr. Archer
and family came down from Richmond yesterday Age begins to
make its mark upon both the Dr. and TJrs. A. I must not forget
to introduce Duncan to the Dr. who says that he recollects him
when he was a little boy 71e made good progress yesterday in
our work The Liss Spriggs (?) leave Tuesday Col T. may,
S if report has not talked with a crooked tongue, then he more
anxious to get away Col. Huger I heard ,internated (?) today,

Page 2. Anderson to wife, JuneJ3, 1854.
will not be able to leave here until about the 20th of July. I
will probably let you know something decisive about our movements
in this letter. Kiss our little girls for their own Father.

I hope that yr. next letter will inform me that you are all well
and enjoying daily rides. Best love to my dear mother and Sarah
if they are with you. To Mirs. C. and the girls of course I always
send love Good bye, my own 'till tomorrow. Be careful very
careful. I thank God for the kind care which he has vouchsafe to
my little family and hope and pray that he will bestow his choicest
blessings on those who are given to my care.

July 1, hionday TLorn. Good morning my own wife and daughters.
How are you this warm morn. You are now probably _____up and
getting ready for breakfast. I have been a little earlier up
than any of you, I expect this morn. I left rn- room at 5 to
take my morning walk & bath. I have found several very pretty
/ mosses on the shore, have pressed some of them and will probably
take some home, dry, forSister Tatty to arrange. I have no doubt
that she will soon become proficient in the art of fixing them
beautifully. None of the ladies here know anything about it.
The fashion has not yet reached the Capes of Va. After writing
yesterday I remained in my room trying to keep cool, 'till tea
time Soon afterwards Duncan & myself accompanied the Brent
party in a stroll to the water battery & badk through the Fort.
I sat with them half an hour & then returned to my room where
I write or rather attempt to write the description of a maneuver
(?) to be preformed today before the Board but the weather was
too hot to think & so I soon abandoned the task & retiredmu

I have scribbled much more than I should have done and have so
little space left for the chat of tomorrow, the next day, that I
must here close the scrawl of today.

Tuesday morn. Yesterday was another very warm day and I fear,
from the indications this morn that we shall find the temperature
equally uncomfortable today. I am sorry that I can not make a
good report this morn. of our progress. This morning was so warm
that we have not the heart to make the men work Last night our
/ old acquaintance, I.iss Lantzinger, made her entree in the ball room
S on the arm of Lt. M....(Navy) with whom she polked with grace and

Page 3. Anderson to wife, Junet3, 1854.

S considerable attention some three or four times in the evening.
/ They made a very pretty couple. She is a more showy beauty than
she was six years ago. Her form is better being much fuller -
her complexion is very rich She is what Buliver(?) would style
a voluptuous beauty. She desired me to give 2aer love when I
wrote you The House is now auite well filled, probably 250 -
96 arrived yesterday. These numbers give all ___ _____
and ages. I-. Anderson, DR. Archer's son in law arrived with
his family Capt ] yn'deis's (?) two eldest daughters are here -
They appear to be lively, chatty girls The gallant Capt Duncan
took ]i-is Brent on a sailing excursion yesterln:T afternoon returning
about sunset. The scamp will fall in love unless we can give him
something to do this summer. I predict that he will not be a
very old bachelor The girl who gets him will get, I can tellJ
her, a very clever fellow.

I must now bid you good morn. as 'tis time for me to prepare for
breakfast Thousands of kisses from and to the children for
husband and father.

July 3d Yesterday was very warm. Thermomenter 92 the day before
it was90 at the Hospital Before sun setd, we were blessed with a
rain, which has cooled the atmosphere and ushered in a fine morning.
Duncan visited Norfolk yesterday with the Brents returning soon
after the heaviest fall of rain He had a fine opportunity of
seeing the Navy Yard etc. Our numbers were greatly increased by
the arrivals yesterday about 100 came from Richmond & other
places. A large party is expected today. Tomorrow there is to
be a convention held here to take into consideration the expediency
and propriety of forming a company to establish a line of steamers
from Va. to Liverpool. The Old Dominion seems, at last, willing to
attend to her interests and not to abstractions as she has generally

Unless we work all day today and tomorrow (the 4th July) there is
no chance I fear of our getting away this week. It will take us
about two days to read over our manuscript a full copy of which,
as our report is now nearly completed. I will continue to scribble

Page 4. Anderson to wife, June.3, 1854.

a little every day, and will send a letter off the day we leave -
I am tired to death of being among strangers to be sure, I have
made a few very pleasant acquaintances whom it will give me great
pleasure to meet hereafter, but still I am away from you and the
children with whom I wish I could pass the rest of my life in the
enjoyment of the comforts of a home life, greater than general
society can ever give me :y health need give you no uneasiness
as I am very well I feel, I must say, though, some anxiety about
you as neither Duncan nor myself have rec'd a line from any one of
the family for ten days. Yr last letter was rce'd on Sunday morn.
I will not close this letter until this morning's mail has been
rec'd and hope that I may have the gratification of acknowledging
the recpt of good news of & from you Yesterday morn I met Col.
Smith taking his Fanny up to bathe What would I not give if I
could take my Ebb with me Kiss the darlings for me and present
my love to all who are with you Say to IMother & Sarah, if they
are yet at the Fort, how deeply I regret my absence during any
period of their visit I shall ever deeply regret my not having
been at home, if she returns to the West without my seeing her.
I think that I cannot be mistaken in this hope that I will be
with you in two weeks at farthest. Bat so many things may prevent
the completion of our task, that I have ceased calculating about
:: own precious children must kiss their own poor mother and be
good and kind to her make her happy by your attention and love -
That God may bless and take care of my little family is my earnest

Thursday morn. July 4th. Certainly a mail must have miscarried or
I would have rec'd a line from some of my own large family. Neither
Duncan or myself red any thing by yesterday's mail I did not send
this letter as I had intended because I thought it best to wait
another day in the hope of being able to acknowledge the rcept of
a letter I shall send it today, even should I not hear from you,
as I know that you will be uneasy about not hearing from me. When
we will now get off it is impossible to conjecture Col. Smith
was in too much pain from ________ in his shoulder for us to
have our afternoon session yesterday and was cupped last night.

Page 5. Anderson to wife, JuneO3, 1854.

If he is well enough we will meet this morning and work until
12 o c- when we will go to Genl Bankhead to drink punch or mint
juleps. I rarely tough anything, as I find that I am better without
such stimulants. The hotel is now filled to overflowing aMiy of
the persons heremust be very uncomfortable but still they remain
because it is fashionable to do so Miost of those here are Virginians
Sand Ii rylanders I have found no acquaintances other than those I
havementioned. The Band played last night in front of the Hotel -
I walked about and listened to the music with MTiss Brent After-
wards I looked upon the dancers who were more numerous than they
have been any night previous. I saw yr Brother making himself
agreeable to -,iss Taylor of Norfolk who was his flame of
yesterday. He very judiciously limits the time of his attentions,
being constant only for a day or two farthest At the Board
room V'e have done very little to da so that there is not a
hope of our getting away this week 'TIs too bad and to render
it still worse no letter came today from you I will hope that
tomorrow's mail will bring me good news from you. It may be that
under the impression that we had left you may have written to
M. Y. Yours R. A. Last words Just off to the General's -
God bless you & the children.

6 1.5 / 3 '.-s:/1 ?..B
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K ___




24th March '72

My dear Henry

Our letters suat have crossed ehch other as I

received one from you in which you do not mention having

received mine.

I am aorry to say that Sue is regaining her

strength but slowly, the infant has a most obstinate

thrush. an* she is suffering severely fron its effects.

The wretched weather confines her to her room.

Mme H. is also very unwell and all hanas

fatigued and tired out.

Our goat proves to be a great institution and the

baby thrives well and is said to be a beauty.

Ie find "Simmons Liver regulator" an invaluable

medicine and tonic and should you ever suffer from

neuralgia in the face an onion well boiled and out fine

and mixed with meal, using the water the onion

was boiled in to make the poultice and applied hot will

cure it in a few minutes, at least we find it so and you

will find both of the recipes invaluable in your


Bayard left us yesterday, having spent a couple

of days with me. What is to beoome of him I know not,

but he appears contented. His present views are directed


in this quarter. His theory is correct but the project

toe vast and impracticable. Of course I say nothing as

it only irritates him but how sad it is to see suehaa

an wasting his life in useless or at least Impracticable


No news of Houston, but I suppose he has or soon

will return to the efuge from Florida.

A heavy freshett has adain submerged omae of the

Plantations on the SatiULAA and if the rains continue all

will go under. I am truly glad I am out of the scrape

and sincerely hope you will realize something from the

year's operations.

If Blla ie with you give her my best love. I do

wish you and she could drop in on us here for a few daya.

The fatted calf, if able to be found, should certainly be

saacrificed.. for you.

Yours truly,

.).L. Clinch

\(pc~Cf~ p-V

f cC~un]

Cfn^ s

Onre, cK- -
M^^Ot,I\0- d

fAU4t,)I q rO~ (caIC~

Incochee Flantation
April 1887

My dear Sons: V,
Your desire to know more of the esrly
life of your parents and of the troublous
tdmes through which they passed is so nat-
ural and commendable that I shall endeavor
to recall some of the events.
I shall say nothing of the causes of the
War,the movements of Armies or of Battles,
the deeds of our soldiers will live forever
but the very memory of the heroism,the de-
votion and the suffering of our woman is
fast passing away.
No braverknightlier spiritever fought
the battle of life,no purer soul ever
sought the gates of heaven than ypur Mother
and her virtues deserve to be embalmed in
the hearts of her children's children.
She was an only child of wealthy parents
and was born on the 27th.of December 1835.
She was most carefully educated and guarded
by an admirable otherr and when at nineteen
she became my wife she was as graceful and
beautiful as a fawn,perfectly truthful and
as pure and innocent of all knowledge of
evil as an infant.
For a few brief years our life was a hap-
py and peaceful one,though we were soon
made acquainted with grief by the death of
our second son. W7e did not then realize
how favored was our lot.
Each Plantation was a little principality
within itself,the 'Master a "overeign,his
Cabinetwere his Overseer and bead men who
relieved him of all the drudgery of detail.
Our summers were passed on the sea coast,
in the mountains or at the NTorth,returning

S... .. .. .,
.: '*' .* ,**.. ....:;.:..._^. ... ,, ...-:.., ,.. .^ r, .. ,. .-: =. W .,:.^ [ ." 'S .K '^ ^ -;. ,! ', ,,: ,'";. : r i

,L" .'.

r,. :.:

to the plantation about the middle of fov-
ember,after a killing frost,and leaving a-
gain in April.
It is wrong to think we lived a life of
indolence,on the contrary the eye and the
mind of the rlanter controlled everything.
The winter was a busy season,new fields
had to be cleared,canals and ditches dug,
embanhments made,the steam engine was busy
threshinR out the crop,sugar cane had to
be ground and preparations made for a new
crop. It was the season too of an un-
boundec and profuse hospitality.
1iy horse was always at the door after
breakfast,for I seldom walked,most always
carried my gun in readiness for any chance
game,a half grown boy followed to open
gates or hold the horse,returning home in
time to dress for dinner.
The afternoons were given to 7a guests
or if there were none I rode with your
"'other who was a capital horsewoman.
Buggies in those days were not in use and
it was deemed affdminate to be caught in
your wife's carriage.
guests were expected to look out for
themselves in the mornings and servants,
horses,boats,guns and dogs were at their
The use of liquor was then universal
everywhere but excess was rarely indulged
in at home. Then the ladies retired at --
ni-ht a cold supper and the materials for
a hot punch were generally provided for
the gentlemen,who smoked and sent to bed
when we pleased,and each had his breakfast
at his leisure.
Sometimes we would go on long camp hunts
or fishing expeditions,but the most expen-
sive amusement was that of boat racing,as
it took from their work six to ten of the
primest men to be trained for weeks or

or months and it was expensive to carry
them and boats to Charleston, Savannah, Da-
rien or Brunswick, large sums were bet and
altogether much money spent.
The southern woman has been described as
given up altogether to indolence,whilst in
fact it was a life of ceaseless activity.
*The duties of a wife and mother alone were
enough to occupy her. Per household cares
were a great tax,for each strove to have a
dainty and well appointed household, the
very multiplicity of her servants were a
Ample supplies of groceries were always
sent ahead from Charleston or savannah but
the beef and veal,the mutton and lamb,the
spare ribs and sausages,the chicken anM! eggs
the mill: and cream and vegetables all had
to be supplied by t-he plantation and her es-
timate of the overseer was based,not upon
the excellence of his crop,but on his suc-
cess in providing during the summer the
foundation of these supplies.
"Then she had her Sunday Schools and Bible
"lass,the sick had to be cared for and each
house visited and neatness and morality in-
'7e are charged with having been semi-
civilized,bloody minded and licentious.Vice
existed here as elsewhere. Each individual
: guarded his own honor,but the very fact
: that the slightest insult would be promptly
[ resented enforced a courteous address.
The seducer,the ravisherthe slanderer of
woman's virtue was punished with certain
and prompt death.
We need not fear to compare our civiliza-
tionwith that of any other,it was the south-
ern statesman who controlled the destinies
Sof the nation,the so'ithern orator ho mould-
ed public opinion,in peace ot war the south-
Sern man '.vas ever at the front.
., ,
y ^'.'
ti" .
k ..:.,. : *

Then we had the wealth and leisure.
Compare the life of the average southern
man with that now led by the same class who
now possess what 'we have lost and you will
have no cause to blush for ;our parents.
Theoretically there is much which can
be said against slavery but there can be
no truthful denial that the southern slave
was the happiest laborer or peasant on the
,lobe. There were exceptions,it is true,
but as a rule be r7as '.Tell treated,well fed
and ,lothed.,r his hours of labor were few,
his 9.ail7 tasks vere defined and easily ac-
complished and he w-7as kindly treated.
Fe had his own home,his garden and lit-
tle crop,his owrn poultry and hogs anrd he
was free to ,'o as he pleased w-vhen his hours
of work ,vere over. Discipline ".'as enforc-
ed and there was no quarreling nor disor-
der. A minister was employed to preach to
him at stated intervals and no open immnor-
ality permitted. If a young man wished to
marry,he asked for the voman,a house was
provided for him,the few necessaries fur-
nished. and the Mistress saw that the wed-
ding supper was ample and we generally at-
tended the ceremony. Divorces were only "
granted in the interest of morality.
All races have their distinctive traits
of character.honesty,truth and virtue be-
long not to the negro--nor is that absence
due to slavery alone,we know what he is in
his native home.
I had a neat church where they held
their own services during the week,my hos-
pital was well organized and the best phys-
ician employed,there was a large house for
the children,where they vere collected and
looked after by the old women during the
day. They always had a week's holiday at
Christmas,which was ushered in by dancing

and singing to the music of the fiddle or
banjo,all had their "Ihristmas zifts and a
birr dinner. Their funerals,wjhich always
occurred at night to enable their neigh-
bors to be present,were always very strikL
ing as the train wound its way along with
hundreds of torches blazing and the wailinag
notes of their powerful but melodious voic-
es were wafted through the air.
I was generally expected, to read the
burial service,in fact it is only of late
that mny old people have ceased to require
this of me.
T7hatever else it has done,jreedom has
not added to the negroes happiness.
It was thus that our lives nere passed
your dear Cother faithfully fulfilling all
her duties of daughter,wife,mother,mistress
friend and neighbor.
rain,sorrow nd suffering are unliversal
and we .*ere not spared our sh.-re but our
blessings and sources of a.,'iness vere
:,i-Iny. But all this was soon to pass aw.ay,
thou-h hap.,ily we lmer7 it not.
The same Peing who instituted slavery
saw fit to abolish it. It had civilized
and brought nearer to Bim many millions of
the dark people and it had unquestionably
left its impress uipon the dominant race.
It had made us a separate and peculiar peo-
ple. With many weaknesses,our men were
brave ,generous,truthful and honorable ,our
women had no superior in beauty,purity,in
all the g-races and accomplishments -.hich
adorn,in every virtue vich ennobles true
.voma-l ood. Tow, they were balled to new
and terrible duties, the old life '.7a S -
in ara7y and before a new one .-as -attained
there .7as mrauch bloodshed a-n,.-I ,arnase, sua-
fering an'. -privation.
low our men met and faced it,the page

of the -istbrian,the verse of the -oetthe
canvass of the "ainter,the marble of the
,culptor,bear witness.
"ow well one woman,so delicately reared
so carefully guarded,- isohargel her duties
should also be forever cherished in the
hearts o' e-;'- e-il6ren. Her heroism,her
fortitude,her patient endurance of every
privation,her patriotism was sublime. None
were more true than she who gave you birth.
I was one of the few who looked forward
to the approaching conflict with anxiety.
I had seen something of the horrors of war
having served in I:exico,and I tooa no stock
in the accepted belief that one Southerner
could whip twenty Yankees. The war was a
just and righteous one and it never occurs
red to me nor your Piother that I should
keep out of it.
One of the first steps taken was to for-
tify the islands along our coast which --
guarded the entrance to our sounds and riv-
ers and as a large force of hands was put
to work on them the fortifications were
soon finished and our homes made safe as
we hoped from invasion.
I was engaged in the battle of Fort
Royal and when I witnessed the ease with
which the Federal fleet silenced and pass-
ed our most powerful batteries I knew that
my only chance of saving rTI property was :
to remove it,for living as we were upon a
navigable river we were much exposed.
Obtaining a short leave of absence I
went into southeastern .G6eorgia and bought
a suitable plantation in Brooks County,
twelve miles each way from Quitman,na.and
Ti;!'ladisonFla. To reach Jacksonville or
east Florida then you had to leave the 7.?.
at Cuitman and resume it again at Kadison.
.General Tiee soon ordered the abandon-

ment of the Islands and the garrisons were
sent to Virginia. I was left with my ?eg-
imrnent,the 4th.Georgia Cavalry, mainly to
protect the R.R.and to give such protection
to our caast as was possible. I had all
the country between the Altamaha,the Satil-
la and St.Mary's with their numerous estu-
aries to cover. Gunboats were everywhere,
Shelling and burning our defenseless towns
and private Louses,and all was soon in con-
fusion and fear.
It was no easy task to remove over two
hundred negroes and the effects of a large
.y freights being by water I had no need
of many wagons or teams. I had already
planted a large portion of my land,there
were many thousand bushels of rive in the
barns from last year's crop which could not
get to market,all had to be sacrificed.
I saved my library,which was a valuable
one,all the clothing,bedding and some in-
dispensible articles of furniture,but many
thousand dollars worth of valuables were 1
left. The negroes were very averse to leav-
ingtheir comfortable homes and little pos-
sessions but gave no trouble,but it was a
sad and lamentable procession that at last
started on the long and weary journey in
charge of the Overseer.
As steamboat navigation soon became im-
possible and the journey to the then near-
est T?.!.station a long one,I had fortunate-
4 ly removed my family as soon as possible
After the birth of Foustoun to Savannah and
When Fort Pulaski fellas there was at first
Nothing to prevent the enemy from going up
Sto the city,they with thousands of others
Sent to Augusta. From there I brought them
to 7aynesville,where my headquarters were,
Sbut I was able to see them but seldom.

T,.i T

There we lost little Frank:,a magnificent
boy; I was at St.mary's,fifty miles away,
when I heard of his danger. The enemy had
that day shelled and partly destroyed the
town but by hard riding that night I was
able to be with hbm ere he died and buried
him in Bonaventure.
Pere also Bayard was born. I was at
Rush Fort on the St.TMary's T'iver when the
news was received,also in a hot fight with
a gunboat and some negro-troops,but it was
some time before I saw him as I was kept
always on the move.
7hen at last wP had to leave '7aynesville
your 1,1other who was wearied with her many
privations,determined to go to the planta-
tion in Brooks which was in sore need of
someone's presence,for the Conscript Law
had taken off the Overseer,and it was here
that she first developed an energy,an amount
of resource and business management which
would have been a credit to a man.
The negroes were naked and no cloth
could be bought. She procured looms and had
herself and a number of young women taught
to weave and soon had them clothed,fine -
crops of corn,potatoes and peas were made,
she made her own flour and sugar. There
were no candles or oil,she filled finger
bowls with lard,using the balls of syca-
more trees for wicks. They furnished a
very pretty but dull light. There was no
tea nor coffee,and rye and corn made a poor
substitute,but the ground nut made an excel-
lent chocolate.
Salt was scarce at one hundred dollars a
bushel so she kept two four mule teams run-
ning to the salt works on the gulf of Texioo
and sold or bartered it for such things as
she needed. Soon the plantation was self
supporting,no one was turned away withput

food,and the daily demands upon her were
many. Per carpets,many blankets,sheets and
lint were sent to the hospitals.
She built an addition to her house,
there was no lumber so logs and clay were
used and in lieu of nails the roof was
weighted down with billets of wood.
Of course there were many disappoint-
ments,very much to annoy and harrass her,
her heart ever anxious about me,every hail
at the gate every letter a paper dreaded
as a messenger of evil tidings.
At last it came----she dreamed one night
that she saw me lying on the oround,covered
with a blanket,she saw all the surroundings
of a camp hospital,and when the news came
that it was all true,she was not surprised
but was ready to leave at once.
Her coming saved mT life for fever and
delirium had set in but her kiss recalled
my wandering mind and I ]mew it was she.
Not a word was uttered but I fell into a
long deep sleep and that saved me. As soon
as possible she carried me home. The jour-
ney was a dreadful one,a whole nicht was
passed in utter darkness seated on the
floor of a filthy box car,surrounded with
wretched wounded men,our own conveyance
having failed to meet us,the last twelve
miles were made in an ox cart,but she was
a proud and happy woman Then we reached
All the negroes -ere assembled and she
made them a little speech and gave them a
Then followed many weary months of fret-
ful suffering on my part. She was not only
nurse but surgeon,removing many pieces of
broken bone with her own fingers.
And yet those were happy hours,our cause
looked bright and we were sure of success,
what cared we of present pain or privations.


B.ut at last things wore a gloomy look,
Sherman was slowly but steadily pressing
General Johnston back,and when my Regiment
was ordered up to his support I resumed
the command although I was not fit to do
As we passed through Savannah a tele-
gram for aid came from South Carolina and
leaving my horses still on the cars I was
hastened over there and the enemy driven
Then followed a campaign of terrible
fatigue,privation and exposure. I recall
that once when in pursuit of -Tilson's -
Raiders, I halted early one morning for
reet in the street of an up country town.
ITy servant went into a house to procure
a basin of water,soap and rags todress
my leg. The good woman insisted upon my
coming into the house for breakfast and
she undertook to dress the leg herself,
but when she saw its horrid condition,
she fainted.
'7hen Atlanta was evacuated generall Food
left me to bring up the rear,everything
was being destroyed,the explosion of ord-
nance stores shook the earth for miles,
but I slept through it all,entirely uncon-
scious,there is a limit to human endurance
and I had reached it.
I did not go with Tood on his fatal
Tennessee Tampaign but was left in front
of Sherman.
Much has been said in glorification of
his now celebrated "March to the sea"but
where the glory part comes from I fail to
see. But I did see his infamous cruelties
Fe had 6C0,O0O6 veteran troops,with all his
sick and endumblances sent to the rear,
and he passed through a country till then
untouched by the-.war and teeming with food.

Pe had a right to supply himself with that
--but everything was plundered,old men
were tortured to force them to discover
the hiding places of their valuables, the
bedding,the clothing,the very toys of the
children were destroyed,every mouthful of
food taken,fortunate if the house were not
O burnt.
Posterity will deem this infamous.
The little handful of troops before him
were powerless to stop him, althoughwve'
"robbed the cradle and the grave"for re-
cruits,rhat could gray beards and children
do,it was a sinful waste of life to aall
them out.
Finally when overwhelmed by the mighty
hosts opposed to us we laid down our arms
and one phase of the war was over and we re-
turned home only to enter upon a more dism
mal one,the fight for bread.
The Yankee returned only to meet with
the acclamations of thousands.
7e with rage and shame qnd humiliation
of heart wended our weary ;'ay through scenes
of desolation and woe,a pall of grief
brooded over the country.
Reaching home at last my poor wife fell
into LTW arms and we wept as we had done ov
ver the graves of our childretl.
The very uncertainty of the future and
our helplessness appalled us.
For a month,perhaps longer,everything
Drifted along quietly,the plantation life
^ went on as usual and I began to recruit.
S7It was on a monday morning as I was sit-
S"ting on the piazza that a poor neighbor
came along and said with much surprise that
E my negroes were all at work in the fields
Sas he passed."Thy not?"Isaid"to-day is not
^ Sunday." "Butsaid he"have you not heard .
.o. the news,the negroes are all freed."


The shock was a terrible one,of course
we knew of the Emancipation Proclamation,
but that was long ago,not a war measure,
and somehow we had beg-an to think some. mod-
ification would be nade.
Presently mry old* friend 11r. S3palding
dashed up. re would not bel-ieve it,wanted
inme to eo with him to ":adison to inquire,
but I refused not wishing to come in con-
tact with the officers of the negro regi-
ments stationed there. 7hen he returned-
we held a lc:ng and anxious consultation as
to our best course of action.
I sent for my people next -lay and asked
them what they were g-oing to do. "Just as
T.:aster pleased"was the answer,but I soon
found that their one thought was to return
home. I at once availed mnyself of this,
telling them that neither I nor they had
the means of getting there until we had
saved andr1 sold the present crop, promised
to give to all who remaine' and worked and
behaved themselves their due proportion,
but told them that whoever left should nev-
er live upon the old home whilst I lived,
They gave us no further trouble. Only one
and he my body servant,left an' I did not
much blame him,for the excitement of a camp
life had made the monotony of the planta-'-
ticon unendurable. Poor fellow,it '-as not
long after my return home before he made -
his appe4rance,only to die,he cc'ul'i have
been saved but I had no means of employing
a Doctor.
7e had again to sacrifice much of the lit-
tle we had til then saved,as some wagons had
to be given to the negroes and as much food
as possible taken along.
It was a trying time. handss of horse
thieves and robbers infested the country,I
did not -rio'.' at what hour of the day or I -ould be called upon to defend my
property FinD'le T ande,- ,for the neq'roes
'vere valueless. All ni-ht I had to be on
7-u-i qrd.
'he roads were alrmiost irmpassable and
our progress '.was slow,scine dams on7y a very
few.v miles,but it -.'as enrle2 late one bitter
Scold nio'ht. It was a scid return,cold,cheer-
less and hopeless.
The ne-roes barely took time to unhar-
ness the trains before they scattered to
their former houses which w..ere some dis-
tance fromm!n mine. 7hen I went to the sta-
bles next rrjornin.o,no one *as there and as
I had no corn or forage to feed with,the
animals .vere turned loose to pick 'That they
could find.
Seelkinz a sheltered spot I tried to
think over my situation. If I had been in
a fity or the haunts of business it would
not have been so bad,but here I was entire-
ly alone with my family on an isolated plan-
"That to do I Taew not,but when I returns
ed to the house the brave w-7ife said this
w,7as no time for despair,she could make the
provisions last a fe7 days lonrer,and there
was but three dollars left.
I must io some thingbut what and how,
there -as no food to be bought even if I had
the money.
I rode into the little village of Jeffer.
sonton -nd found that two or three of the
S'.. inhabitants had returned rnd that there was
a Yanlee store in full blast. Pere I found
a letter some months old from general l Qordon
-r.ho had found some 7oston man to join hm in
the timber business qnd as I had valuable
timber and mill sites he invited me to see
him and make some business arrangements.
Pere was my chance and before I returned

i'. ,

hone I had procures Rn old canoe and a ne-
gro to paddle me to "runs.vick and started
next mornin.t. IHi.rht overtook me before I
could cross -t. Andrew's Sound and it was
too dangerous to un-lertal-e it in the dark-.
So the night wa.: passed on an oyster bank,
without fire and. with little foodfor I
could not rob the little hoard of your
.-other' s.
Reachinc -runswick next day I net Gordon
his plans did not suit mrie in full but I un-
dertook to cut timber,to buy ut all the 1
land possible or otherwise secure it and to
that end I had a credit eiven me of *llOOGt
but just then he had no money.
I did not need cash,only food and corn.
"'7ith much trouble a small supply -was see
cured,a mall sail boat hired an.. I brought
it home.
The qeneral,however not a business
man and his 'oston backer soon discovered it
I!y supplies of corn came so irreuJarly that
qy teams suffered,I lost many,and at last
the general was wound up.
I had mare no money but I had fed ray fam-
ily and had qot a start,the future was not
quite so hopeless,but the struggo-le was a
hard an- bitter one,often even bread was
scarce,an. I kInew that it -as even more bard
and bitter to mry wife,her work was unceasing.
Unaccustomed to the fall and summer cli-
m.ate we all sickeneO",the coarse and scanty
food was telling heavily uon her but her
courage never faltered. It -.7as she who
sustained us and even managed to throw a
little air of refinement over our miserabl-
surrQundinL-'. Her devotion and watchful-
ness over the manners and habits of her
children was unceasing.
How the negroes lived that summer is
still a mystery. Government issued them a

few rations,enougrh to make them dependent
upon it and refuse to work. They caught
a few fish and soon they began depredating
so heavily upon our few stock that we '.ere
forced to announce that all who were
caught vould be shot down without mercy.
'Then a few were killed it partially stop
pe( it but to this daystock are very in-
0 secure.
The infamous Carpet T"agger soon made
his appearance,who gathered them into
their Union Leagues and other secret soci-
eties and we soon perc-.eived a great change
for the worse in behavior,there were sev-
eral riots and uprisings which made me -
fear for the safety of my family. It took
time for each race to adjust itself to the
new conditions.
.7 own people .7ere devoted to me and to
their stresses but even ,,they,. were for a
time lei. away.
I think it w..a: the next year that I pro-
cured some,money and went to planting.
I made a fine crop and we thought our
heads were once more above water. There
was some delay about procuring a vessel
and the barn was full of rice when every-
thing was swept away by7 fire,nothing save.i.
It was immaterial what caused it,we were
again penniless and ruined for I have never
been able to recover from that blow,but for
7. your "other I could not have outlived it.
T. '7e could not kee, the family here in sum-
mer andL I was at last able to remove them
."to 'Vaynesville,which possessed at least the
merit of health. Cur life there most of
you can recall.
At last the devoted,loving wife and :'oth-
f, er received her reward,she ceased from her
1 labors and was at rest,her last hours were
gR iven to her children.
I" .

I : '

It was on a Teonday- morning,the Doctor
had just left assuring me there was no
danp-er. As I returned to her room she
asked me to lft her up. I objected as
theexertion would weaken her,but as she
insisted I did so. She threw her arms
around me,"Lt.y darling help me" she ex-
claimed,her head fell upon my breast,and
the brave,pure heart was at rest,her spir-
it -7ith its :od.
You know what followed,the burning of
our home there,our removal to Brunswick,
the death of the sweet sister and the aged
grandmotherr and that of dear Larion,final-
ly the burning of my horne here last fall.
Soon I hope to join my loved- ones. Here
with my children forced to live aaay from
me,life has ceased to have charm for me,but
my heart is cheered and gladdened by the
good conduct of my sons. All your virtues
you owe-to your dear :,othe--. Ever love
and cherish her memory.
A few brief words will disoose of what
you wish to know of myself.
I was born at ?ensacola,Florida,the
19th. of fTovember 1826. Father was born
of Scottish parentage 'qn1 a native of Torth
Carolina,joined the Armyand served during
the "Tar of 1812,and rose to the rank of
Brigadier general Fe greatly distinguished
ed himself in the Indian Wars.particularly
that of' the Seminoles. "is plantation was
in the heart of that tribe and his losses
were heavy and he lied with his claims a-
gainst the governmentt still unpaid.
y 'other liee at T.Mobile and we w,,ere t
brought to our T1aternal Grandmother in Teop-
oia,but I was soon sent off to school and
never knew the restraints of a family,left
entirely to myself I owe whatever good there
waB in me to my hatred of low associates and
my love of reading---not study. I was in my

senior year at college when the war with
Mexico broke out and upon my writing to
my Father that go there I must,he had suf-
ficient influence to procure for me a 1st,
Lieutenant'scommission in the 13th.Reg't.
U.S.Infantry. I was soon promoted to a
Captaincy and when the war closed was on
General Scott's Staff. I left the Army
when peace was declared and went to plant
iLg. I narrowly escaped joining Lopez'
fatal expedition against Cuba,finally I
met your dear Lother and our lives thence
forth were one.

There are one or two little incidents
which may interest you as they illustrate
the character of the negro and life's vi-

Iave always seen willIQgtd7aseume




whatever responsibilities befell me and
they have been many and serious. I have
always appreciated fully the presence and
the nature of the danger I was in and h-ve
been enabled to face it,not by mere ani-
mal courage but from a sense of duty and
honor. 'Remember that it is only by calm-
lc confronting trouble and dsnper that
they can be overcome.
I will close with one anecdote of Dan,
my body servant duringg the war,as it shows
the influence your ":other had over those
she came in contact with.
At the battle of Clustee I was carried
to the rear by some stretcher men of
'olquit's Bri*zade but not sufficiently
far as to be beyond the reach of balls.
I managed somehow however to reach our
nearest field Bodpital which was quite
near. Fere I met Dan who had the facul-
ty of being in the ri-ht place at the
rig-'ht time.
WThilst I was waiting my time for the
surgeons there was an alarm that the en-
emy was upon us and in a few minutes I
wac alone with Dan,having refused to be
placed in the ambulance,no.* crediting the
truth of the alarm,but I ordered Dan to
follow as I was not willing to run the
risk of losing nr servant and three horses.
He left with great reluctance but in a
few minutes he was back,crying like a
child I have promised Tliss never to
leave you and if you was killed to bring
you home,T must mind 1Uiss." It is need-
less to say he had his way.
He was a great forager,a polite army
designation of a successful thief,but one
could not scrutinize then too closely as
to the scource which gave him food.

I could continue indefinitely in writ-
ing of events,nany ludcrous,many pathet-
ic,but they would not interest you. I
fear indeed I have already been too pro-
fuse,am nuitw sure I have failed in giving
you such a view of the past and such full
justice to your dear 'other's virtues as
they deserve,but I am not as you know Crift-
ed with the.power of a ready writer.
I shall be satisfied if what I have
written'bhoald'kGepl.glive the meTdory Sf
one very dear to us all and that -.when req
calling the remembrance of her many trials
and of the fortitude with which she bore
them,you may be likewise strengthened to
bear manfully your parts in the g-reat bat-
tle of life.
!.Iay old's blessing be with you all is
the prayer of your loving father
D. L. Clinch


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INGEST IEID EXGXJ3J8N_2X4XKS INGEST_TIME 2014-07-23T23:10:12Z PACKAGE AA00017203_00003