Biographical writings about General Clinch. 1849-1900s

A Guide to the General Duncan Lamont Clinch Family Papers ( Related URL )
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Material Information

Title:
Biographical writings about General Clinch. 1849-1900s
Series Title:
Duncan Lamont Clinch Family Papers (1804-1904)
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Language:
English
Creator:
Clinch, Duncan Lamont, 1787-1849
Creation Date:
1849-1904
Physical Location:
Box: Box 1

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Seminole War, 2nd, 1835-1842   ( lcsh )
Plantations -- Georgia   ( lcsh )
History -- Personal narratives -- United States -- Civil War, 1861-1865   ( lcsh )
European Discovery and Settlement in Florida, 1492-1821 -- The Second Spanish Period, 1783-1821   ( fhp )
Territorial Florida, 1821-1845 -- Wars of Indian Removal, 1817-1858   ( fhp )
Ante-Bellum Florida, 1845-1861   ( fhp )
Civil War in Florida, 1861-1865   ( fhp )
Economics and Society: Post-Civil War Florida, 1865-1913   ( fhp )

Notes

Summary:
This collection contains mostly correspondence and newspaper clippings about General Clinch. Topics range from family matters to his military campaign in the Second Seminole War and include letters from the Secretary of War at the time, Lewis W. Cass. The newspaper clippings pertain to General Clinch’s defense of his actions during the Second Seminole War and at the Battle of the Withlacoochee. Also included in this collection are a number of land transaction documents and bills of sale. There are also newspaper clippings and letters about Clinch’s first daughter, Eliza Bayard Clinch, who was married to the hero of Fort Sumter, General Robert Anderson. There are also copies of several wills from General Clinch’s children, several letters of correspondence from within the family, and Clinch’s autobiography written in the form of a letter to his sons. Portions of this latter document are missing.
Summary:
It is important to note that while there are multiple letters and correspondence regarding the Battle of the Withlacoochee and the prosecution of the Second Seminole War in Florida, there is nothing specific with regard to the destruction of the "Negro Fort." The collection is arranged by topic and then chronologically within each folder.
Biographical:
United States Military General.
Source of Description:
Originally derived from archival-level ALEPH record 028036225 ( OCLC: 48886522 )
Funding:
Funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) as part of the Pioneer Days in Florida Project

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History, Special Collections
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
028036225
System ID:
AA00017203:00001

Full Text




Col. Joseph J. Clinch, the father of General Dunoan

Lament Clinch, was born about the year 1740 or 1745, near the

village of Battlebore in Hash County, North Carolina.

When about 30 years old he married Mary Lamont, the

daughter of a Scotch gentlemen in that neighborhood.

Col. Clinch was a man of fine appearance, of sound

judgement and great energy. Kind and charitable to all the

needy, a benefactor to the poor and a terror to evil doers.

All classes looked up to him and honored him.

When the trouble arose between England and America,

Clinch was appointed Captain in a Rpgiment raised for Con-

tinental service. His services were so important that Gen'l

Washington was impressed by his energy and judgment that he

made him one of his Aides, with his connection with his

Regiment in North Carolina.

He did not however remain long in that conspicuous

situation on Washington's Staff, being urged to return to

his native state, where the Tories were committing outrages

and depredations of every kind.

On reaching his home he raised and equipped a

Regiment at his own expense and received that rank of Colonel.

me did great service, joining in with the Con-

tinental Army, he had several battles with the British, in

one of which near a small stream the Continentals suffered

a defeat and had to swim the creek in the night. While try-

ing to prevent a panic and get his troops to retreat in good

order, he dropped his sword in the river and never recovered

it.













On one occasion of his return home he found some

eight or ten Tories plundering his house.

His horse unfortunately neighed and gave the alarm

and one of his servants came out and told his master what

was going on.

Clinch and his men captured only one, the others

escaping in the dark.

Mrs. Clinch pleaded with her husband for the life

of this man, saying he had prevented the others from mal-

treating her and the children. Clinch spared the prisoner-

until the morning when he hung him; not to his front gate,

as he had intended, for his wife forbade him, and he was

buried in an old canoe.

During the war Col. Clinch had a fine race horse

named Red Buck and one ae of his friends owned the half sister

called Red Doe. Everyone around knew the horses and their

qualities as they were often raced.

Red Buck had the "speed" and Red Doe the "Bottom"

but they were considered too valuable to engage in warfare.

A Tery stole both animals and sold them to Clinton or

Tarleton near the So. Carolina line. In one of their raids

they captured a No. Carolina man who knew the horses and

their owners. While taking their captive to their camp they

stopped for refreshment, throwing the horses bridles over

a limb. The prisoner not being sufficiently guarded quickly























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jumped on the faster of the two horses and though hotly

pursued and shot at .he escaped and restored to Col.

Clinch his favorite horse.

He did not live many years after the close of

the war.

When his younger son became of age, D.L.Clinch

and J. J. Clinch, Jr. sold their land and went to Georgia,

the deed is dated 1812.

General D.L.Clinch was the eldest son of Col.

J.J.Clinch and Mary Lamont, his wife. He was born in

Edgecombe Co., North Carolina in april 1787.

He died in Macom, Georgia, in November 1849, on

the 27th of November, aged 63 years.








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APPLETONS1 CYCLOPAEDIA OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY
1888


BIOGRAPHICAL DIRECTORY 7OF THE AMERICAN CONGRESS
1774 1927


ENCYCILPADIA 3RITA-NICA
1950


HISTORICAL REGISTER AND DICTIONARY OF THE U.S. ARMY
1789 1903
By
Francis B. Heitman


LABIS BIOGRAPHIOAL DICTIONARY OF THE UNITED STATES
1900


LIST OF OFFICERS OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY
1776 19n00
By
Colonel William H. Powell


SNELSON COMPLETE EGYOL4PA3DIA
1937


WAR DEPARTMENT RECORD ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE
Washington, D.C.
September 9, 1902







', * '* ^


































































































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CLINCH, Duncan Lamont (1787 1849). American General, born at "Ard-Lamont",

Idgecombe County, North Carolina on April 6th 1787.



References:
Appletons' Cyclopaedia of American Biography
1888

Biographical Directory of the American Congress
1774 1927

Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army
1789 1903
By
Francis B, Heitman

Lamb's Biographical Dictionary of the United States
1900

List of Officers of the United States Army
1776 1900
By
Colonel William H. Powell

Nelson Complete Encyclopaedia
1937

War Department Record Adjutant General s Office
Washington, D.C.
September 9, 1902



Entered the United States Army as First Lieutenant of the Third Infantry,

July 1st 1808, in preparation for the American Occupation of Bast Florida,

when the war between Great Britain and the United States seemed imminent.

On December 31st 1810, he was commissioned Captain of the Third. Infantry

and was ordered to New Orleans and later to Baton Rouge when plans were

being formulated for a more effective government in Louisiana after it

was purchased by the United States.



In 1812, against protests from Spanish Authorities of East Florida, he

commanded American forces, which seized Fernandina Florida.



In 1813, he was called to duty at Mobile Point Alabama at which time he

was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel, later commanding a Regiment and Post at

the same place. After accepting his appointment as Lieutenant-Colonel, he

was placed in command of a new Regiment at Tarboro North Carolina.





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In 1814, he was transferred to the Tenth Infantry and placed in command of

a Battalion of his Regiment at Cool Spring Maryland, near Tort Washington

(then Tort Warburton), where he remained until he was ordered for service

in the North. On the Northern Frontier, he was in command of six

companies of his Regiment at Champlain, under orders of General Joseph

Lee Smith. He continued his command in the Northern Army, being assigned

to the First Brigade of the First Division, which was then at Camp Lake

Erie, near Buffalo New York.



In 1815, he resumed his command in the South with the Fourth Infantry at

Norfolk Virginia and subsequently at Fort Johnson North Carolina and.

Fort Hawkins Georgia.



In 1816, his undaunted military abilities were again distinguished on

duty at the Apalachicola River where expeditions of Indians, directed

by the British and believed to be aided by the Spanish, were incited to

attack American settlements in that area, which resulted in an American

victory over Pensacola.



In 1817, he devoted his time to Recruiting Service, visited Washington

and Philadelphia on special missions and was appointed President of a

Court Martial at Norfolk Virginia and later, again on Court Martial

duty at Baton Rouge Louisiana and Jefferson Barracks Missouri.

** ** *

On April 20th 1829, he was brevetted Brigadier-General, for ten years of

faithful service in one grade.



After a period of diplomatic appointments, he again resumed military

command of the "Division of the South" at Fernandina Florida and later

at St. Maryls Georgia, where a petty civil war began between the

Americans and the Indians.






















































































































































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With General Winfield Scott, he commanded the first troops, consisting

of the Georgia Volunteers and the Florida Militia, engaged in warfare

against the Seminole Indians, under the leadership of Osceola.

He contended successfully in the War of 1812, the Mexican Campaign

and in the Battle of Chattahoochee but at this time, under his

personal command, in the Battle of Ouithlacoochee (Withlacooche), he

displayed most intrepid courage, thus distinguishing himself outstand-

ingly in defeating the Indians. During the war with the Seminoles, he

personally lost a great deal of property, including one of his most

valuable plantations in Florida, However, he was still possessed of

great wealth which lies principally in Georgia.



General Clinch was the founder of "The Clinch Rifles", a historic

State Militia of Augusta Georgia. Fort Clinch and the Clinch River

were dedicated as memorials in honor of Duncan Lamont Clinch for his

distinguished services in those areas. Fort Clinch is located at the

entrance to Fernandina Florida and is now a State Park. The Clinch

River rises in the western part of Virginia near the Sandy Ridge of

the Alleghenies, flows southwest and joins the Tennessee River at

Kingston Tennessee to form the Tennessee River. Its length is about

250 miles.



On September 21st 1836, General Clinch resigned his commission and

settled on a plantation near St. Mary's Georgia. He planned to devote

the remainder of his days to the support and education of a large

family. Subsequently, however, he was elected as a Whig, member from

the State of Georgia, to the 28th Congress, to fill the vacancy caused

by the death of John Millen and served from February 15th 1844 to

March 3rd, 1845.


D*i* **















In 1847, he was defeated for Governor of the State of Georgia. He died

at Macon Georgia on November 27th 1849. Interment, Bonaventure Cemetery,

Savannah Georgia.



His daughter married General Robert Anderson, the hero of Fort Sumter.

General Clinch was the son of Colonel Joseph John Clinch and Mary

Lamont. Colonel Joseph J. Clinch started the Cavalry Company for

Continental Service during the war between England and the United

States. Through his valiant services, he was appointed an Aide

to General George Washington.

*** ** *

In 1943, during World War II. the Liberty Ship, "DUNCAN LAMOTm CLINCH",

was torpedoed off the coast of LeHavre France. The entire crew of

over one hundred men survived.



General Clinch is survived by a great grandson. Duncan Lamont Clinch,
who resides in Chicago Illinois and is president of the contemporary /

Clinch & Company, producers of railway supplies.
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Record of

the late General DUGOAN LAMONT CLINCH, U.S. Army
~* ** ** ** ** ~*4*

Duncan Lamont Clinch was appointed, from North Carolina, let Lieutenant

3d Infantry, July 1, 1808; was regimental Paymaster from October 28, 1808

to December, 1810; was promoted to be Captain, 3d Infantry, December 31,

1810; was appointed Lieutenant Colonel, 43d Infantry, August 4, 1813;

was transferred to the 10th Infantry, April 6, 1814 and to the 4th

Infantry, May 17, 1815; was promoted to be Colonel, 8th Infantry, April

20, 1819; was transferred to the 4th Infantry, August 16, 1821.


Colonel Clinch was brevetted Brigadier General, for 10 years faithful

service in one grade, April 20, 1829.

Resigned, September 21, 1836.


His appointment as first lieutenant was recommended by John Blount, of

Tarborough, N.C., who wrote, in May, 1808, that it had "been agreed

between Mr. Sawyer & I that he should recommend the Captain and Ensign

and I the two lieutenants" of a certain Company of the 3d Infantry,

which regiment was then being newly organized.


General Clinch served with his company at New Orleans, 1809 to December

1810, and at Baton Rouge, La., after his promotion to Captain, 1811, to

August, 1813, being on duty for a time at Mobile Point in 1813.


He accepted his appointment as Lieutenant Colonel, 43d Infantry (a new

regiment), at Washington, September 7, 1813, and was ordered to report

at Tarboro', N.C., where the regiment was being raised, where he arrived

and reported to Colonel Long of that regiment, November 4, 1813,


After his transfer to the 10th Infantry in 1814, he was in command of a

battalion of his regiment at Cool Spring (Maryland), near Tort Washington

-- then Fort Warburton -- where he remained until July, when ordered

on service in the North.

August 9, 1814, he was in command of six companies of his regiment at

Champlain, on the northern frontier, under the orders of General Smith.































































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In November, 1814, he was assigned to the command of the let Brigade,

lt Division, Northern Army, which was then at Camp Lake Brie, near

Buffalo, 'N.Y. He continued in command until February, 1815, was in

Washington, on furlough, March and.April, 1815, and subsequently

joined the 4th Infantry at Norfolk, Virginia, in July; was stationed

at Fort Johnson, N.C., in August and September, 1815, and. at Fort

Hawkins, Georgia, October, 1815 to April, 1816; on duty down the

Appalachicola River to July 31, 1816; in command of the 7th Military

District, October and November, and was at Fort Hawkins in December,

1816; on recruiting service in North Carolina, January, 1817 to

November 10, 1818, in the meantime visiting Washington and Philadelphia

in July and August, and President of a Court Martial at Norfolk,

October and November; commanded the Eastern section of the 7th

Military Department, Division of the South, at Fernandina and later

at St. Mary's, Georgia, January 1819 to January 1820.


He joined the 8th Infantry, April 30, 1820 and went on furlough, June

20, 1820 and appears to have remained on furlough, at St. Mary's

Georgia, until September, 1821, when he received orders to join the

4th Infantry. He joined that regiment in November, 1821, and

commanded it at various posts and stations in Florida, to January

1823; on Court Martial duty at Baton Rouge, La., to May 9, 1823; on

leave to April, 1824; commanding regiment in Florida to 1831, except-

ing February to April, 1829, when on Court Martial duty at Jefferson

Barracks, Missouri; commanding regiment and post at Baton Rouge, La#,

to May 17, 1832; on leave to January 20, 1833; commanding regiment

and post at Mobile Point, Alabama, to November, 1834; commanding

troops in Florida and operations against the Seminole Indians to

April, 1836 -- commanding in person at the battle of Withlacoochee

(sometimes referred to as "Ouithlacooche"), December 31, 1835, in

which the Indians were defeated. He commanded the right wing of the Army

in Florida from April to June 1836.





























































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He resigned September 21, 1836, saying he desired to devote the remainder

of his days to the support and education of a large family of children,

and that he was under obligation to settle a large and. much involved.

estate of a highly valued friend and connection, deceased.



The date of General Clinch's birth is not shown by the records, but

"Lambts Biographical Dictionary" (1900) says he was born in Edgecombe

County, North Carolina, April 6, 1787, and that after his resignation

from the Army, in 1836, he engaged in planting near St. Mary's, Georgia;

served in Congress, from Georgia, February 15, 1844 to March 2, 1845

and was defeated for Governor of the State in 1847. He died at Macon

Georgia, November 27, 1849.








WV. HALL

Assistant Adjutant General




War Department
Adjutant General's Office
Washington, D.C., September 9, 1902














APPLJEONS' CYOLOPAEDIA of AMERICAJ BIOGRAPHY
1888


Do Appleton and Company
1, 3 and 5 Bond Street
sew York City

PUBLISHRS


CLINCH, Duncan Lamont, soldier, born in Edgecombe County, N.C. 4/6/87;

died in Macon Georgia 11/27/49.

He was appointed first lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. Infantry on 7/1/08

and was gradually promoted until he became on 4/20/19 colonel of the

8th Infantry and ten years later brevet brigadier-general. When the

Seminole war began in Florida in 1835, General Clinch was in command

of that district. He commanded at the battle of Withlacoochee 12/31/35

and displayed the most intrepid courage.


In September 1836, he resigned his commission and settled on a

plantation near St. Mary's Ga. Subsequently he was elected as a

Whig to Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John

Millen and served from 2/15/44 till 3/3/4g. His daughterCmarried

General Robert Anderson.














NBIOGRAPRICAL DIRECTORY of the AMERICAN CONGRESS#
1774 1927






CLINCH, Duncan Lamont born at "Ard-Lamont", Fdgecombe County, N.C.,

April 6th 1787; entered the United States Army as First Lieutenant

of the Third Infantry, July let 1808; promoted to Captain, December

31st, 1810; appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the 43rd. Regiment U.S.

Infantry, August 4th 1813; appointed Colonel of the 8th Regiment

U.S. Infantry, April 20th 1819; commanded at the Battle of Ouithlacoochee

against the Seminole Indians, December 31st 1835.



Resigned, September 21st 1836 and settled on a plantation near St.

Mary's Georgia; elected as a Whig to the 28th Congress to fill the

vacancy caused by the death of John Millen and served from February

15th 1844 to March 3rd, 1845.



Died at Macon Georgia, November 27th 1849. Interment, Bonaventure

Cemetery Savannah, Georgia.














"HISTORICAL REGIST3 and DICTIOSARY OF !E U.S. ARM"
1789 1903

lay
Francis B, Heitman




CLINCH, Duncan Lamont North Carolina. First Lieutenant of the Third

Infantry, July 1lt l8n8; regimental paymaster, October 23rd 1808 to

December, 1810. Captain, December 31st, 1810; Lieutenant-Colonel of

the 43rd Infantry, August 4th 1813; transferred to the 10th Infantry

April 6th 1814; transferred to the 4th Infantry, May 17th 1815; made

Colonel of the 8th Infantry, April 20th 1819; transferred to the 6th

Infantry, June e1st, 1821; transferred to the 45th Infantry, August

16th 1821; bvt. Brigadier-General, April 20th 1829 for ten years of

faithful service in one grade. Resigned, September 21st 1836.

Died November 27th 1849.
~*** *

CLINCH, Duncan Lamont, Jr. Florida-Georgia. First Lieutenant of

Infantry, March 10th 1847; 13th Infantry, April 9th 1847; Captain,

July 30th 1847; hon must out, July 15th 1848. Colonel 4 Ga cav CSA

war 1861 to 1865.


CLINEH, Joseph John North Carolina. Second Lieutenant 10th Infantry

April 22nd. 1812; first Lieutenant, August 15th 1813; transferred to the

7th Infantry, May 17th 1815; made Captain, May 31st 1817; resigned

October 31st 1820. Died October 4th 1827.
























































































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"LANEI'S BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY 7OF THE UNITED STATS"
1900


James H. Lamb Company
372 Boylston Street
Boston, Massachusetts

1900 Edition Volume II CHU-ZRI



CLINCH, Duncan Lamont representative, was born in 3dgecombe County,

North Carolina April 6th 1787. He entered the United States Army

as First Lieutenant in the Third Infantry, July e1st 1808; was made

Captain of the Third Infantry, December 31st 1810; Lieutenant-Colonel

of the 43rd Infantry, August 4th 1813 and transferred to the 4th

Infantry, May 7th 1815.



He reached the rank of Colonel in the 8th Infantry, April 20th 1819

and was made Brigadier-General by brevet, April 20th 1829. He

commanded the military district of Florida during the Seminole war

and distinguished himself at the battle of Ouithlacoochee, December

31st 1835.



He resigned from the Army, September 21st 1836 and engaged in planting

near St. Mary's, Georgia. He was a representative from Georgia in the

28th Congress, serving from February 15th 1844 to March 3rd 1845 and

was the defeated candidate for governor of the State in 1847.

His daughter was married to Robert Anderson, the hero of Fort Sumter.

He died in Macon, Georgia, November 27th 1849.














"LIST OF OJFICIRS OF THE U.S. ARMY"
1776 190n

By
Colonel William H. Powell USA

COMPILED FROM THE OFFICIAL RECORDS

Embracing a register of all appointments by the President of
the United States in the Volunteer Service during the Civil
War and of Volunteer Officers in the service of the United States.
June 1, 19on00





CLINCH, Duncan Lament, Jr. born in Florida. Appointed from Georgia.

First Lieutenant of the 13th Infantry, April 9th 1847. Captain, July

30, 1847. Disbanded July 15th 1848.






CLINCH, Joseph John born in North Carolina. Appointed from North

Carolina. Second Lieutenant of the 10th Infantry April 22, 1812.

First Lieutenant, August 15th 1813. Transferred to the 7th Infantry,

May 17th 1815. Captain, May 31st 1817. Resigned October 31st 1820.





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NELSON COOLTB DTCYOCLQPAZDIA
1937
Volnae V



Thomas Nelson & Sons
New York

PUBLISHERS





CLINCH RIV3 A river of Virginia and Tennessee. It rises in the

western part of Virginia near the Sandy Ridge of the Alleghenies,

flows southwest and joins the Tennessee River at Kingston

Tennessee, to form the Tennessee River.

Its length is about 250 miles.





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Macon Geergia,Wednesday,December 5,1l49

In oeur last,.we announced the serious illness of this distinguished
citizen and patriot.... /'Little did we think that before that sheet would
reach a single reader,his spirit would have departed to join those-of Worth ,
Gaines,and his ether early companions in arms. Such however was the decree
of fate. The stern messenger of death came,and the eye that never quailed,
and the heart that never faltered in battle,are now dim and still in death,.
Gen.Clinch died in this city,at the Floyd House,a few moments
nine eocleck,on Tuesday night last. His disease was Eresypelas. He
was attacked the night before his departurefrom his summer residence in
Habersham County,with what he supposed to be rhumatism. Anxious to reach
his plantation in Camden,he left the subsequent morning according to appeint-.
-ment,with his family,and rode in the stage from Clarkesvillb to the Stone
Mountain. Upon his arrival at the Mountain,his sufferings were intense,
but he still persevered in pursuing his journey. When he reached Macon,
it was found impossible to proceW further. Medical aid was accordingly
procured,and for a few days he seemed t be recovering. On Saturday
before his death,however,the disease assumed a more inflammatory character,
and it became apparent that his constitution was rapidly sinking under it's
...._ ravages. Consulting physlcains were accordingly called,and everything
done which medical skill or science could Affect. But all was in vain.
He continued te sink rapidly until Tuifisday night,when he expired
almost without a struhgle. In his last illness,Gen.Clinch had the
tender and affectionate attentions of his amiable and accomplished lady,of
two of his daughters and one son,who were sleepless and unremitting in their
efforts to seeoothe his sufferings,and' smooth the pillow f death. He re-
tained his reason almost to the last. A few days before his demise,we had
a protracted conversation with him.- His mind seemed to be greatly agitated
in regard to the present state of the country. He was apprehensive
that the enemies of the Unien,beth North and South,might be enabled to cre-
ate such an excitementon the slavery question,as t encd4er the safety and
perpetuity of our institutions. His only hope,he said was in the moder-
ation of Congress,and the wisdom and firmness of Gen.Taylor.# # They had
served for years in the same Regimrent,-had been as intimate as brothers.
He knew the temperament,the feelings and ppiniens of General
Tayler,and felt assured that he never would sanction any measure that would
endanger the Union or encourageA. enemies. They were both southern men
by birth,by interest,by association,feeling and affection,and he would as
soon expect to seea son plunge a dagger to the heart of his own mother,as
to setGeneral Taylor sanction any Legislative action that would des roy the
south. Thekviews were expressed with an earnestness and a simplicity which.
proved that the old hero was true to the lat in his patriotic devotion
to his country. He died as he lived-a pure,disinterested,warm-hearted de-
votee toprinciple. On Wednesday evening his remains
were escorted by the Floyd Rifles,the Macoh Volunteers and a large concurs
of citizens,te the Central Depot,where they remained in charge of the
military during the night. On "iresday they were accompanied by a detach.-
ment of each corlis to Savannah,where they were inter* with military honors.
Immediately on receipt of the intelligence of his death at Milledgeville,
resolutions expressive of his valuable services and of the public cerdelenct
for his loss,were presented to the Legislature and unanimously adopted.
le question whether any citizen of Georgia has ever lived mere
universally beloved,or died more universally regretted. In his habits,
SGeneral Clinch was simple and unestentatious-in his dealing with others,he
was scrupulously just-in his intercourse,hie was always affable and polite-
he was,in a werd,a complete embodiment of the soldier and the gentleman-a
true friend-a bold and fearless enemy. .
We shall not attempt,in this brief notice,te speak of his many a*s4-,
and distinguished services. Ample materials,however,are in our possession
and we may do so hereafter. He was a native of North Carelina,but has,
ever since the close of the war of 1$12 been identified with Georgia.
He entered the army when quite young,and rose during the war to the
rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Owing #his distinguished services,
he was retained upon the disbanding' of the forces,and was immediately
placed in command upon the frontier. Here again his judgment and gal-
lantry were exhibited in quelling Indian disturbances and protecting the
lives and property of the citizens. 04is distinguished services in
Florida are yet fresh in the memory of every man familiar with the history
of the times. He there proved himself'-at dily'lthe gallant soldier,ane
the pure patriet,but the humane ho ritable gentlaman. He was literally
a father to the Volunteers-he fed and clotl'eo and nursed them as if they
had been his own children. They loved him for it,awd will revere his
memory,new that he has been"gathered to his fathers." Peace to his
ashes"U.honor to his memory"- a braver man never lived-a purer patriot nev-
er died.

A A HWe spoke of the President with the utmost confidence.







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macon Georgia, Wednejsday, DeceY 01r F5, 18490


In our last, we announced the seriunbs illness of this distinguished
citizen ind patriot. Little did we think that before that sheet would
reach a single reader, his spirit would hive departed tc join those of
Worth,Gaines and his oth,.r e.rly companions in arnas. Such ho'voevwr was
the decree of fate. The etirn namessener of deo',t.h c-nutre, nd the eye
thrt never quailed, afnd the heart thnt naviir faltui ad in b'ttl'1, are
no., dinm and still in deatth.
Gen. Clinch died in this ci'y-, at the Floyd houre, a fe"v months
before nine o'clock, on Tuenday ngh*t It, t. His disease w-is E'resypelas.
ITe n--.s rtt-.c's-d the n tt-1hfere hie-s-de.p tre frora his aumnor rasi-
donce in i{abcrsham County, with wh'it he wuproned to be rheumatism.
Anxious to re'ach his plantation in Camden, he left the sul.seqeent morn-
in's according to appointment with his f;ciily, and rode in tht stage
from Clarkevillue to the Stone Mountasn. Urhn his tarr.'val at the
Mountain, his sufforin.gs wore intense, bbut ho .f.till rernaov.rd In pur-
suing his journey. When ho reaohea c",.con, It wagn found irnr-osnible to
proceed further, Medical aid v.e accoordiJiz:ly promcred, and for a fow
days he naoend to he recovering. On S:..t',u dy before hi a dontt, how-
ov-.r, the disease nsauriod more inflammatory ohnract+.r, rind it becetne
appr -irent tb):-.t hi constitution /ioaS rapi'i.7 'al: /ining ..,iu-r It's ravages.
ConsltinG physicians were. 'cc which medical skill or scieno could offeot. ButN all in vain.

He continued to sink r"tpidly until Tuesd'ay n..;ht, when he exr ired
almor- v,'withcut a struggle. In his l.-st illness, Genl. Clinoh had the
tende.r and affectionate attentions of his amilablu and FPiLcco:lished
lady: of two of h rs dfauhtars :tnd one Ron, who wore slee.less .and un-
remittlng in their efforts to soothe hie ruffr,'n.-m, n'), smooT.h 'he
pillow of dey.th. is reta.jnud hisu re:-Son almost to the lT.zt. A few
days before his demline, %re nhadt a r.rotrct Lod crnv'rs..tcn '7J1th h3q.
HTis mind seeded to 'bt rF'r",Ltly agitated in re.;-:rd to the -rerent state
of thie country. T7e wan. arT.rehon.ive th-it Lho enemies of the Un.ion,
both the slavery queetlon, as to endanger the safety and porratuity of our
institution. is o nly fhora, he said was in the moderation of Congress,
and the wisdom and firmness of Oen. Tylor* liT eroklo cf the President
with thb ut-most confidence. They had served for 1reirs In the sve
Reglrment,- had been as Intir'ato aC brot',-rs.
He knew the tenperrment, the feellnegs and orlnions of Genural
To.aylor, amnd felt asesured that he novar Trculd sanction rany rnoa,.:%re that
would end.angur the Union or enco;ra.ge its enemies. They were both
south,-.rn men be birth, bY intfr'jst, by association, feolinz :-ind
affection, land he ",old aa Boon expect to see % son plunge t dv.y>.r
to the., hart of his -mn noth-.r, as to see Gueneral Tatylor sanction -ny
Leoglalativo action thz,.t would destroy the south. These views were
expressed with an earn*istness and a siraplicity which proved th:,t the
old h-oic was true to thy Thrt to his patriotic devotion to hie country.
Ho died a.s ho lived-a pur',disintezetad,wAra-he.-.xtd devotoe to
principle. On Wedn nd_-i. vaning hin remains were escorted by tho
Floyd Rifles, the M'.ccn Volunters nnd % l-Arr, oonoourseof citizens,
to th-e Cdntral Deotn, whcrd they remained in charge of the military
during the night. On Thursduy they were .ccorantMled by a detachment
of each corps to Savawnnah, wher. thwy were interred with milltsry
honoi r.
Imc di,-.toly on receipt of the Intelligenco of his death at
lilledgeville, resolutions exxpresnive of his valurible services and of
the public condolence for his lose, wore presented to tcle Legislature
and unanimously adopted.
We question whetB.er -%ny citizen of GeorgiJa h,'; ovc-, livod more
universaully belowod, or died more univux sLilly rcg ot Ied. In his
habl.e, General Clinch was simple -nd unoetentatious-in his do;aling
with othi-rs, ho was Bscrupulously just-in his intfrcoriy-"o, he wv-an
alwyn affable mand rolite- ho w.vr., In a 7crnd, a conplote embodinrvnt of
the soldier and tho gentlearn-a true fri'inai-a bold and ft:eale5Fi enonw.







We shall not attempt, in this brief notice, to speak of his many and
distinguished serves. Ample nr t.e'1ijls, ho-:.-v r, are in our possession
and 'we !:w'r do so hereafter. HTe was t native of Tor th Carclin, buwc has,
evar slnc2 the close of 'he wat of 1812 been identified with Georgia.
He enti-red the army when quite young, and rose during the war to
the rank of Lieutenant Colonal. Owivng to his distinguished serves,
he was retained upon the disba-nrding of the forces, and was irmniediately
placed in command upon the frontier. Tiere again his judgment and gal-
lantry were exhibited In quelling Indirn disturl'nces and protscting the
lives and property, of the citizens. His distingui3hed services in
Florida are yet fresh in the memory of ev-:ry madn familiar with the
history cf the times. Ue thei-e rroved himself not only the gallant
soldier and the rire patriot, but the humane hospitable gentleman.
Ye was literally a faLther to the Volunteers-he fed and clothed and
nursed them as If they had been his own children. They loved him for
it, and will revere his memory, now that he has been "g v;,,4d to his
fathers." "Peace to his ashes' "honor to his memory"-, a braver man
never lived-a purer patriot never died.





Pension o-F elii(t


B, And Jerson


IlThr^ i2u9


daugh+r oa me


vwdoW of MOjc


Ic,-e C!n. -n L. C IhIt


Oe~ir C


Pc Ltd A. ~'


9AAw~~q thof
Qqver.nmenna4, eti.octqb theipnrop-
ertylJ Indiaps. and, toopo, in thes ,8i of
Floa, ~nr^,,p?^pfttjiie.qle aqwar
in 885.qpi


tinie '- r .' ,l : u .Z _*... ,,.,L i
.The Secretary rbmaCth:ei report, ap follows:
SThe cotmife 'df *.enferenoe on6 tbe disagreeing
Tvotesof the two'Houses on the amendment of Ihe
House to Senate bilu No. 308, forth relief of the
'heirk oa tnlatO~i'hetal Duncan L.'IClinb.'deceased,
*hayvng .met,' aftr.fill Ian'd 'free conference have
Iaueslto reeomtund., and do reoonmend, to. thiri
e1'8Qt e'Hen a foals ows, Lto wit:.
'. Thdtthd Senate reede'from'its diaaggetent toe
the aimndmdient of tha Mousen I an areetothe a mnel
with thefllowing amepdmenpa, towt :'.In the thu' ,d
linid om' th bottonioflliefirst age strike out,
after'thb'wbtd' "of,"'thbwotdq tenth'otusahd dollars
in trust tofr thA Baid Elia .B. nderson..'.an.d insert
the foUbiwing to ,;:,'t.$jOto. Lara Adan.s in I
trust f6rthbdezddi%4,use 6f iW.dE! idre At8.fqa n iAne
K rt trh Pe-ikft^M fi el ;eemain
'dnrin'*her fdttime, and'kt4n't athereof'?emainingi
at her death rob.e held 1n-tratL for her chiltdreni!'
and that the House a se tothe same.
"IMOTHY O. HOWE
SWJLLLA&M'P. FESSEINDEN,
GARRETT DAVIS.
Managers on the part of the Senaie.
WILLIAM S. HOLMAN.
JOHN A. BINOHAM.
WI-LLIAM &R WASHBURN.,
The report cpuiirred in. ..
PK_, 1ANtitTAL APPfOVAL. .


fSt 'a"yi'ate, bd e or'
it hon am endments, as embodying, what I
behiaee' to be', an. act 6f justice to' one whose
'intefadtare iauolved ;
y_1 attention was attracted to this bill when
.6liffbed by its' connection with some old
neeidriiis of mine which relate to General
annean L. Clinch, a most gallant and brave
Officer of the Army in years gone by, one whom
ejpsq.to cpll upon ihis floor and throughout
o,.'ogiLtrv *' Old Wythlacoochee." War in
[idoa.Aln those days, tCorB.war a3, become
m' nnsd and magnificent in the scale with.
li b it has since been carried, on in this
,. was a great thing, and in that war no
0e'f distinguished himself 'than he; and
w y pleasure to be intiniately associated
'i afterward, when, leaving the Armyi
4SW occupied seats at the same desk,. hot
Ih ut in the old Hall, he beinu-aiRepre.
From one of ihe districts drfhe.6itate
Gergia. t h '
sir, this bill has been putL I,observe)
iJ f gentlemen here as. to its merits upon
.nd of a proper recognition' of. the
f the gallant General Andes'is
f ter piem6ry. I make no excep.-
at ground. .0 'on i''n
k 4an I ,mi~n reco.#nii i* j
tliiiiii i Is6Yey6 ~ iip i
:.:ST~ie w Fa
'i e the turning point of this lare' waraat
03tion. I'know,'fr6iB some per pual
l nbiice 'with matters connected with.this
..soaethicg of the equities of this claim
u nneets itself with General Anderson add
ily.
J. .i a mistake to say the money, ift appro-
nai# by Congress, will go to any disloyal
-|lgan. All interests in the claim have beed
*llipd absolutely assigned, as I underpLa6d,
it'p Anderson. Whatever is given will be
uthitrust of Lars Anderson the brother of
the general, for her and her children. Genuaei
'rrdaP 'Aideraon himself, after all his gallant
-'p55es, is now an invalid reduced to live upod
..Pfof a retired officer, which is halfnpay
/t1P.cutting off all allowances of any kind'
fi he struggles on almost at the sLuar'
WASHBURN, of Massachn.seltm.".
presume the gentlemen does not wiJ 1to conl
"l a wrong impression. General Anderson \
,j.._.eietwng full pay. I
i 1CHNCKJ Under what piroviuion ?.
-f'MWASHBURN, of Massabbhhelts. :Ther|
visiono by which rbtired'officers may be


whaihnse
W, 'wadt.dn l.it is. .
.lQgEN'CK. He was on duty at New-
Andaadan
,Ninertaud, but has been relieved and
if't lishalfpay. I thought he was.not
Sfor he had been relieved at Newpoi't.
e on dirti theh he dbes'get his full pay'
s Inalid condition .he eanndt expect
.kir-tiWa 'by the Govern-

'vFBFt0-"1


l'v+.r a T i "% h' `# l. L; L I
because I voted under a misapprehension lie
other day. The service to which he is'assigned
is a temporary service by the favor 6f the Sec-
retary of War, and it may be discontinued
at any moment, so that he will be receiving
only half pay. I understand he lived for seven
imodthaon:$120 a month.
a -MrL.CF-NCK. That is confirmatory of,
a:I opposed .to be the case. My impres-1
ion was that beingrelieved at Newport he was
not on duty even of a temporary character.
ptff hd b'e on diit tie condition of his health
such Jlliit fnxl s.ire' he isJUiable oily under
M ]&fircumsaances to be continued on

.. f,'ir, o far as the equities of the case
e concerned, connecting this with any claim
Service which General Anderson may have
the country, it commends itself entirely to
te. But as I said at the outset, I had other
memories with reference to Duncan L. Clinch
himself. While in the service of the country
he did suffer, as was known at the time and as
I very well remember, very largely in property
&y reason of its being occupied for military
1pnrposes. Besides passing several bills dis-
connected with this, giving him what he was
'ustly entitled to in relation to forage and other
articles while in service in Florida, there was
bill passed which relieved him in part so far
"".t. loss of his personal property was con-
'ld ; but as I am advised and as I under-
d at the time, General Clinch never ob-
l ed any compensation from the Government.
he dccupanion of his real estate for imili-
'-Vuposes. occasioning a great' amount pf,
action. Hedid, as [ understand, prosec.ate1
i, clim with a view to obtain compensatoo'
t loss, but 'being a man of sensitive nr'
td qoick in his conclusioshe benamt
.. e with the way in.which: claims:wy.'


ARD: ':Idesire to ask the gehtlbn.
't the fact that General Clianch s
sasesto the amount of over thirty thi
lars A Conseqnence of his prop
pie4-by ,the, Government, and' ii
e oWftthe UhostilitL that the Indi9
to dhi1" beoange'he was in comm
united Sftes troops a the' tiine?.
'M. SCHENCK.' That, I believe, is'fully set
forth in the report made in the case in the Sen-
ate, andis in 'entire accordance with my general
.recollection;at the tino;w He was not allowed
for this loss to, ltte, and et that[


aSfa'I-should think. ., i
.f r.'MILLER. I woal4k'.'tg'dentlemnau-
,aiother ,q nestion. .Snp.eO' "e.ral 'iii-
'aoa'iWrellqibd halfp'f ,'bhW* ifith
geei-iSpn n'c '" ovAujLii f' .'i~ -a .


*,. CHB-NCK. 1 That is very t1Pa;.e*,
some,.laborers in the country, constables, aid
[others in civil employment, do not get nearly,
as much as members of Congress. It sa hap-,
rpeis that these things, whether rightly or.
wrongly, are graduated in all the departmentsI
of life. '
Mr. COBB. I desire to ask the gentleman'
a question. He has alluded to the fact of seven,
eightbsof this claim having been assigned to tlHe
present claimant by the original heirs, whom,
I believe it is admitted, adhered to the cause
of the rebel States. I would ask him if he is
willing to set the precedent and let it go tothe
country that all that is necessary for any rebel
claimant 'against this Government to do is to
assign his clim to some loyal person?
Mr. SCHENCK. 'Oh, no, Mr. Speaker. I
am not disposed lo go any further in that direc-
tion than the gentlendan himself would do; buit'
have wftanswers to that. In the first place,
'i~n~u hain in a rebel parting'with his
Lrty to'. l ion man or a 'Union woman,
'there is no resulting-trust.or.benefit IQ
bel. -If it passe' absolutely.away frotin'
isloyil and goes. to benefit tah lIoyal,j I;
it is rather a good thing. ,
the neit place I shall not be friglhteuddl
'doing justice to tbhoe who are loyal, 'b-:
ceab their loyalty may have been tested drd'
has stood fire and come out clear, notwith-
standing their family connection might have l
drawli them in the other direction. I look I
bpon' that rather as a merit than otherwise.
.'Mri HOLMAN. I suggest to 'the gentl-i
man that the bill now pending proposes t0
place this appropriation in the hands of La-s I
Anderson, in trust tfor the benefit of Mrs. Ali-
'ded1n and her children, and it is impossible,
'Wt"'a gentleman of such high character as the
gentleman knows 'Lars Anderson'to he, thht
this act of Congress can inure td 'the ben'e i t
of any persons but Mrs. Anderson and hhbr
,children. i


1(a)













by an appropriation of this kind to him for the
benefit of the children of Mrs. Anderson, so
.that some small proportion of that which I do
believe was in all equity due to General Clinch
may reach his descendants and be enjoyed by
them even itf they do not get it until in the
third degree.
And here, sir, I beg leave to remark that I
do not consider it a strong objection to a claim
that it is twenty-five years old if the claim is
founded in justice. It is rather a reflection
upon the wait of justice and generosity upon
the part of the Congress of the United Stales
that it should not have responded to the de-
mand long before this. Arid to pay it now,
without interest, is certainly not doing too
much in such a case.
Mr. WASHBURN, of Wisconusin. I would
,ask the gentleman from Ohio [Mr. SCcHuKi]
when this claim was lirit presented to Con-
gress?
Mr. SCHENCK. I do not iecollectr. Gen-
tlemen must understand that I am not an exact
or precise witness here; I knew General Clinch
well; I served with him here in Con'rr-s-, and
in a-general way was acquainted with his dif-
ferent claims upon the Government, which at
the time I believed to be just, and 1 believe so
now. As I said before, it wai about twenty
five years ago. I am sorry to confess mny age
to the House in. this way : but I was here more
than twenty-live years ago.
Mr. WASHBURN, of Wisconsin. Is nol
the gentleman aware that General Clinch ob
stained an appropriation from Congress?
Mr.SCHENCK. Yes: I havesosaid already.
Mr. WASHBURN, of Wiscontin. A large
appropriation?
Mr. SCHENCK. Not a large appropria-
tion.
Mr. WASHBURN, of Wisconsin. How
large?
Mr. SCHENCK. It did not cover the loss
to the real estate.
Mr. WASHBURN, of Wisconsin. It au-
thorized the Secretary of War to adjust the
claim.
Mr. SCHENCK. Yes; just as I have already
said. Bat the claim ,'was adjusted only in
reference to the arlidlea of personal property
which wF.ere taken, leaving still outstanding and
pressed"against the Goverarnent a claim for
the occuipatidn of his real estate, and the 00
ujaflf. bauildjngs and various other-ite '



.,' tli&~thereis no claim intatit of.tiie
focei oven te~d, bi 63pei





ut. t"ikeAr consideration. 1t seems ii
.Ouo'd-t en l time of General Clinch he uevpt
,,R i'afe n d ST .!'claim of this kind. ".
,J : a.n S NCKl I am certain the gentie-
' pis mesv .ken. . : .
Mr. WASHBURN, of Wisconsin. Here is'
the record of all the claims presented to Con
gress by General Clinch.
Mtr SCRENCK. I do not bnow about the
book to which the gentleman refers. I can
only say that his statement is not according to
my recollection. It may be, though I think
not, that I confound my frequent cpnverations
with General Clinch, and my personal kuowi-
edge of the matter With that ot wleipl the gen-
tleman speaks.
But let me say to the gentlemari that it is a
little ungenerous to speak of these claims of
Duncan L. Clinch without stating what those
claims were.,. If the gentleman will look into
those claims he will see that they were claims
arising olit'of matters connectedwilth his ser-
vice inthe Army, :and do. ot isn the slightest
'degree throw any weight i' the scale against
this claim, which is based on entirely different
grounds.
Mr. WASHBURN, of Wisconsin. I desire
to correct an error I have fallen into. A mis-
take in the marginal notes of this list of claims
has led me to fall into an error. I ind, upon
a closer examination, that it is true a claim
was presented by Duncan L. Clinch -br indem-
nity for damages anId loss of property occa
signed by hostile Indians. The committee to
whom that claim was referred asked to be dis-
charged from its further consideration, and it
was laid upon the table. That was in 18s0.
Mr. SCHENCK. I thought the gentleman
was mistaken, yet I did not. hie to set my mem-
ory against the hook which he had, although I
was sure I was right. -
Mr. WARD. Will the gentleman yield to
me for a few moments? "
Mr. SCHENCK. I have san d all I wished to
say. I promised the gptleman from Indiana
[Mr. CHLENN] that when Itwhe entle
woul cAll keWill heeiiijeab7 v!e15to


ta papers in LUisaoCase wiTA somuBaO@ 4jUpP
on te Comnmittee. of Claim s ai'.I de.ira,.top.
become acquaibtae with the,caae. t, he. rq-,
erty 6f Genenal Clinch, destroyed by, the .i-,,
dians, and destroyed in consequence of bis
connection with the Army and the occupation
of his property by UrliiedStates'troops, andthe
property appropriated by the United Statds
Government and damage done real estate b'
Indians and our- troops amounted, both real
and personal, to about sixty-five thousand dol-
lars. A very large prop6rlion 'of this was per-
sonal property. A portion of it was for sugar-
cane and corn, which the Army appropriated.
For a portion of that sugar-cane and corn there
was an allowance made to General Clinch, anad
he received pay from.the Government.
SMr. WAS4fBURN, of Wisconsin. How
much pay?
Mr. WARD. I think some eight thousand
dollars. For the other personal property de-
stroyed, amounting to ten or twelve-thousand
dollars, and for the injuries to his real estate,
amounting to a. much .larger sum, Generil
Clinch never received any compensation. Two
or three different bills were reported in tile
Senate bfor his relief. The bil-t16 which the
gentleman refers, -under which General Clinch
xeceived-.rlie', wasreported in1840:. -In 1841,.
1842,. and 184". 'bills were-reponsed for his
relief, -but no- aqtjojAt-,stakem-n.pl ntheA-J
gress apk _-Jre Put
to permit hi cailtm upat ali
In IS48, after he left Conm rSe died, and"
General Robert Anderson became one of his
executors. General Anderson did not press
the claim and the matter has beer permittedto
lie until the present time, when Mrs. Ander-
son, a daughter of General Clinch, and the *ife
of the hero of Fort Suriter, who is now the
exclusive owner of all these claims in her owjn
right, presents this demand to Congress for its
consideration. The matter was submitted to
the Committee of Claims and examined by that
committee; and I believe that the whole com-
mittee, with a single exception, are in favor of
granting this relief.
Sir, it, has not been my habit to favor tHle
passage of claims through this House. I have
believed and still believe that the imperiled
condition of the country and the embarrassed
state of our finances demand of us the closet
scrutiny in regard to the claims presented here.
Hence I have almost invariably opposed clain a
coming before thisfHouse. Blt, sir, Ideem t8j,
claim equitable and just. The bill pposes-o
pay but a small fraction of the-ainoant acttua'
due in equi#-td-TMis.-A4der'-fffotnihG.i
ernment, and I believe that, in another aspect
of the case, there is a claim prese6tedl he!
that we cannot disregard. There are certa n
claims of such a nature that no .:.yernme t
can afford to disregard them, wt.er m!y
be its condition. Among the claims of tha
class is that which General Robert Anderscao
has upon the people of this country.
Mr. WASHBURN, of Wisconsin. Doesthe
gentleman propose to pay that class of claims
in this way? i
Mr. WARD. I propose, wherever there $s
a just and equitable claim due to any man or
woman, and that man or woman has such a
record as General Robert Anderson has, and I
when such a'person is in pecuniary embar-
rassment or in poverty, I propose to pay th.ti
claim, to any reasonable extent. SI
.. Mr. WASHBURN, of Wisconsin. If the
dliliiit is'isilot embarrassed will the gentleman
pa thet claim?"
PC R. AW... M. Bpeaker, after a

mr, 00Ni.R, 14


a the.. I o w,4it .a .ik
for personal pro it it-
destroyed; but thi is.3td
tion of real estate, oraO
for the occupation of'rel't
destruction. The gen em&,i
[Mr. W.sDJ bhas-Itatud.,-
corn and sugar-cane waais.... ...-
gentleman says that lie hag
the papers in this case whiuk 01 A
and I desire to ask him seS^,aS
claim is not in part for tha'idotld'
sugar-cane ; whether it doek.Ut.
the papers; furthermore, whep f
this claim is not for personal
furthermore, whether be cnm
(and if he cannot 'do- sO without'
papers, I wish he would examiftiABv -.
much of this claim is for' ioeatl's
occupation or destrunctionof real estaW i '
Mr. WARD.- In'reply to the -gfian
first question, I o ill say that-'TI a d fid
stand that ny of the property for 4 'nerA
Clinch or his heirs recoyeed'pa s'embisce
within the claid'now pfirhiiled. The eoamit
tee certainly did not allow anything for..-
property. More than that, sir, the inja -
real estate for which this bill is intenJ
settle amount to about twenty thousand[
lars. I understand the personal property'.
was destroyed by theenemy, and for w.bit
Government is equitably bound to pay,'
to at least $10,000, and I think much'o
Mr. Speaker, I was about to say, aan&i
all I desire to say on this case,'that Id6'
some consideration should be paid to ttfif
acler of the public services of the'real.l
ant, General Robert Anderson. I-hope"wj
pursue the ,anie policy that 'all other"ftI
have pursued, that is to defend'and'ad pt
heroes in the hour of their extremitvi
When General Robert Anderson' eU4 'l]
Sumter in 1860 he was a healthy 'iii
suffering from'the effects of a won
received in the Mexican war. He cal|
it after that terrible experience aftdi f
ful bombardment, a wreck. The st
was gone. The vigor had departed
life and his constitution, and here he.
'dobut little duty. His wifeand chi] -
'in number-2-are all dependent npo,' :
!pittance he receives frotn the Govei'e i
.am prepared, sir; to vote for this cltaim 'oni
pgjle propositibh thathte *I6l61t0, 't -
r- ," titd e'lato ICA? 6- b k V

-- 1.8lt# t i{-nhhdw'hit h t1I'm' I .idnhli" r'h if
Edi
-'jthe bd6mii 1 ot4of 'e guns from the
r A 6nied 'fTort :awkeiene8 thI da lon -and calleib
forth ;ifA 4hilPrei6-t ,4_W- L ItSittf'-
Mr: COBB. I.ask to ia, this paper real-
tibfe Clerk's desk -,,:.:.. ,
S-lJ HOLMAN; Itiappei tobe'a vdlndiini-
hS a er.'' ' -!it*-' *- '*! *
agrl OBB tiA short. "-.'; t'1',c, :vek
:of e propery wet'are'cairecSn',f'Tay."i'f
Mi. HOLM AN We h`6,Ht'tiei t6hf!
1il"-fhe papers iead'fliat miytfbidesired.
SMr. SCHENCK; tI aSkthiie tlelihpn froi i'
ITndfi na to let' me move to concr;E'rt hi s p r-
-&ea'nce of a motion *to-receddI-1 ; '-1JJ
'The SPEAKER.; 'Thi ofidftebdiiii
--t vote by which the coufi lrt *
f.ijiited Would bd'toie ofPirh'e ifea 'g
Mr; SCHENCET'." M e'lM'iiotion.
think we odght'tbhave'-agtedd Ihe Senat.
I demand the previoii, uestithWt-.
The 'Clerk read, the' i lbt'ort, as
follows:' *, i I .* .
The 'coh'inttee of' onferdne'b'n'thfe'ilsi.gree
Yores of the' fwo" ]Iue't"opbl Atididment of t
_os _o&n~b W e *1. laltassr tI
fanaelo Sgf. 9 $1l.113.%8f~te9iffhe~ 0
&f the late GeasraI gunman F. Clidhb, gpupSad jia< -
Ing met, after full ad frep'gfiti t honll h*d f."af e e
to recommend, and do reoommend.t lffit'rebU.
I Houses as follows, namely: .' ,,., 4.L.-
That the Senate receilefrom itadiasreemear
amendment of the House nsdBi t'dtliBiM M
the following drmendmentsi, to wit:" f 'li-
In the third 11%e from th.. ttomjfth- .
strike out aftet the word. a-" tah .dat
sand dollars in trust forthe'sidElizk'B.'Aa fto'l1
and insert the following, to wit:' "-"
"Fifteen thousand dollars t9 Laro Anderson, iS
trust for the exclu ive use of said Eliza B. Afnderaof
during her lifetime, and any part thereof remasiidg
at her death to be held in trust for hsr children." ,
And that tho Hou.-agreeto the ame.
WILLIAM S. BOLMAN, ~
JOHN A. BINOGHAM.
W. 1. WASHBURNi,-. U
Mnsagrs s 4Aw4$ im ?4f &. '


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5(6)


The previoun40 e5ti.n wMwecond n
main quesidn ordered, :
Mr. COBB demanded i ytte yA-sdalti
The yeas and!'nhys were ordered "
The question was taken; and it was dec
in the affirmative-yeas 67, nays-63, not
ing 69; as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Ames, Anderson Archeri
Axiell Banks Barnum, Bingham, Bover,"Broo
Burr, Cake, Cpry, Chanler. Sidney ('larks, D
EldridRe Farntworth. Ferry, Garfield Getz, it
BiB;. al~ev,"~Hanwkis8, Higbj, .Kil6; Hol


.ToFe T-nFB.1idVre bu;Vah Trump, wadladir
-0.dWsatiburn, ,ELhu MB.. WashburneiiWillam iB.
I W.hburp.,Welker,.Thomas Williams,. WviU W
jIb rp,jae imp Y.jgn W. I
IT.v Xi' 44me I Tui
NOfvT16 PF.T-lleBSra~adinsll laon Jsihpfl
Ahley, Barnes,. BeagaI, Pl..tyecl, -e D ami,,1i
Benton, Blaine. Brooks, Backlind.BeadeidW. CIar,
tNoburn, Cornell, Corode, Dodge Dounnell .Dri,
Eggleston Ela,.'Finner, Foxs ,'riAswold. fai'dil
Asohel W. Hubbard, Chester D. Hubbard, Richard
D. Hubbard. Humphrey, Ingersoll, Jujian, Klley
ecuhaum, Laflin, Lincoln, Marvin, McCormick, Mo-,
rissey, N ann. Perham, PhelilPile.PolAn, PPomiero
Prayn, Bobinson. gelye, .Shellabargqr, Spaldi ,
Aaron F.Stevene, ThaddeusStevenas Sone, thorn
Twiohell Van Aernam Birr-Van HoifiVan 'Wy
Windom, and Woodbridge-59.. c, .. .'
So the motion to reoonsider-was agreed t
The question recurred don al'rdeitg to the
.pprt ofihe committee bf cop etenete. ,
4R. 'JNPP. Q .UthstTli6i'ethepr
4sditfn < eatjoij;' ** *'1 :*-; '". j
Mr. B m to lay the report on'1.
ht 'itd On tiat I dA 1 A6V thelye and
XV! SCOFTELD.' r. S 6safterwouj





in tW6ff ive!.Kjwas'^
0; follows: l
YE S-Messrs. De-loa R:'Ashley, Bailey, Bakj
-Bstitn, Beoanan.Blair Bromwell Butler Cobb
,0Cohul. Cook. Dawes, Eckley. Eliot, Ferrisa Fields
Glossbrenner. Gotllsday. ravely, Hopkins, uonter
Julian, Kelsay.Williani Lawrenoe Loan Loughidge
McCarthy McClurg, McCormiek, Miller, 'Mfoce;
Morrell. e4wcomb. Orlh. Paine, Plants, Polsl
Price, Robertson, Sawyer, Scofield, Shanksa. Tay
Thomas, Upson, C'adwalader C. Washburn, Elih B'
Washbnrne, Welkier.Thom Williems, William W1
liamsaJamo F. Wilsoo, and John T. Wilaon-52;.
NAYS-Mlessrs. A lIis.n, Anderson, Archer, Ae
Axtell, Banks, Barnum, Buck. Bigham, Bli
Ioutwell, Boyer. Broomall, Burr, Can, Chal
kidney Clarke Dixon, Dodge. Donnelly anIisilur
Ferry Gareld, Getz, Grover, Haigtht. Hay.Ha
kings. hligby, Hill. Holman, Hooper, Jeackes, d
son. Jones, Jidd Kerr Kitchen, KnoL alrh 9
Logan, Mallory, Mlarshall, Maynard, MQ UU
Mercur, Moorhead. Morgan Mullins, MUuge.
er, Niblack. Nichelson. O'Neill, Petrbaik
dall. Roes Schenck, Sitgreaver SuiRi al
r'Weatlher. Stewart, Stoke, Taber, e
Triflble, Lawrence S. Tumble, Trowbridge ,
Auk. he n Hrn Ward, n
Washburn. William B. Washbuirn; Wood; ad 00
br d 17 I r Tri.
NFi..dT r Mes.r., Adams, Ames, ames
Ash iioares BehttyBslkdiABant'ouBroOb
Buokland, Cake, Churchill Reader.W. la.lrw.0 &
nell, Covode, Cullom, Drigsg, Eggleston,.E1l%
ridge, Ftney, Fox, Griswold. Harding, HotoK
Asahel W. Huhbard, Chester b.H'tibb" rh 'iob h
D. Hubbard, Hulbard, Humphrey, Ingersoll .Kell,
Ketcham, Koontz., George .V. Lawrenoef'tJl t
Lynch Marvin Morriesey, Nouan. Perfia"PLel
Pile, Poland, Pomeroy4', Prpyn, Ia.m,' RABnAbi
Selye. S4elJabarger, ,arqn ."Stevensai Thadd 1a
Stevens Sione, Twichell Van Aernam, Bl.SatN
Horn. Van Trumi. Van iVWyak, Ste9phen Pr%.Wlii
Windom, and Woodward--.O. r:djt
So the House refused to lay the' re
the table. *
The previous question was seconded and,
main queatiou ordered. '
Mr. SPALDING. Mr. Speaker, have .
not voled this down once?
TheSPEAKER. The Househasonce vot
it down, but it has reconsidered it.
Mr. SPALDING. I hope we will voteiiE
down again, then. i:"
, Oagreeing to the report of the committee'
bfl drle" AlS
L i (0 41


PEAXER. The pending motion will
1 the tubtion of the gentleman from


'kr. .OflhAN. I think the testimony sub
stantially proves-I do not say that you can
get a4 the exnl, aum with any grat degree of
,certainty- the testimony BubtantiaiY provesU
thM the loss sunsained ,by General Clinch wan
abol thirty thousand dollars. I will say fiu
.jr.that there tan be no question as to there
bppg a substantial claim in behalf of GenerI
Clinch against the Government iqdepondprt
inthp appropriation referreled to. Upon tha
int' I think no gentleman who has examined
ike'e papers cau entertain any doubt. The
x gentlemen connected with the other branch of
f;ngress have examined this subject with great
we and .horoughnpess, and they have approved
is a appropriation; they have regarded the
prqf as satisfactory and conclusive that the
amount of damages reached the sum of $30,000.
For myself, I hpld thatthere is a clear and
manif est equity in behalf of the heirs of Gen.
era ClOinch against the Government for a very
considerable amount of money; that that
claim, whatever it is, is the exclusive property
of Mrs. Anderson. And in consideration o6l
the services rendered to the country by hert
distinguished husband, which can never bd
overlooked by this country, taking all these
matters into consideration, his services, hil
ciroiumstances in life, &c., recited in t.be 'pre-
amble of this bill, I, for my own part, predi.
oalp this bill upon all these facts. i
No'w, as to the amount, I say that Ahiq
flM. cannot well afford to higgle who
olr is of a nature like.this. It seems tg..4
Iajgegarding all the facts, there can be
M ore ungraceful.or ungrateful on the.jg
rStm Governuf;t pf, thoiJit d States
6eob6itateJab6ut.any Lct that would ex
Viea.es enr .chcivbdappreciaton.0e
I's'ws iepderedby.>h~iiadistinguished o
^^if .isa ..,aunnnani a~ath~bagmaan -BB









WIDOW OF GEN. ANDERSON.


Brave Little Wife of Fort 5umter's Hero Lives

at the National Capitol.


THE STORY OF HER INTERESTING LIFE.


Daughter of a Soldier-Was Many Years Her Husband's

Junior-Her Loyalty.


c 6 6 Teto.. of, t C'hil go -4 fly N believe he would haa hega -'


1: MOund Alieue Sii Andera wVdei'of' it' hawp. -7 ^ -. 4.
ber he-or FortSt.er, Is-pas'ing ....af.l
irlilis t, asidt.

United States. To unmarried daugher are the : owl a reful nursig o restore her husband
-only members of her family Lvin wiLth her. An. to 1eath. After the battle Major Andesion went. Io
otler daughter, married, also survives netr. and New York and afterward to Cresson Spirias. in the
these tmice are the only children living out of a hope of recovering his Lealth. While at Cresson
faimdy of eigt- icutr eons and four.lauehters. All Springs a strong demand came from the Union men
four soOs died in ou[h. Ithe eldeE.t only reaching the or Kenrucky, hie native state, that be take charge of
age of *u. He is bore-d beside his father at Wealst the forces there, and Presbident Lincoln asked him to
Pinlt. go to Loiesrille. He ace-pied the detail, and re-
Strange to &ay. none of the sons. aspired to militL- mained at his post until wori-d came to the President
at7 er-vice. 'Te eldest bad an ambition to become that uiniess he was relieved he would drop dead at
a lawyer, ut Idied before reaching the age toqualify his deak. Soon afterward he left. Lonisville and re-
for mtat prof.-sion The marti;al spirit which turned to Cresson Bprings. Snbsequeunly he went
tingled itn the- vtin of their ancestors flor generations to New York, and later accepted command of the
bineR seems not to nave been transmitted to the suns post at New-port, B. I. His health continued to fail,
of Foat Sunmiter'cs gallant hero. and Mrs. Anderson came to Washington and bad a
a ioT Robert Anderson grew up in the Lamp. His personal interview with President, Lincoln, asking
fatbhr, Colonurl Anora,,n, of Loulsville. Kyv., was a tsat bar husband be relieved of tue command.
revolutionary nero who seruid un the staff of La-
layette. and hbaded the reception commirtee that. Her Influence with Linucoln.
'relconed Lafayette on his visit to America.
Sumter's hero met his future wife in the banrracks. When tr. Lincoln had heard the wife's sym-
Sb-h wan the danbtter or Gentrral Duncan L. Cllic', pathetio story of her husband R-condiltiou, and ha-i
a wveaithv GEotgia g later. ho tookmore pndcin his beer, told that Major Anderson was unwilling to
nilitarv record. tean n his vast landed estatesi He continue in command, receiving the honors and
was put.in command of1 the ordnance tore at Baton emolumentsof his position whie officers oft lower
Rouge, and R:.brt Anderson. a young West Pcntr, rank Fperfiormed the dties. the President placed his
was detailed for eer-ice under him. Elizabete hau'de-:,n the diminutive shoniders of Major Ander-
Clinch was tuhen about sis years old. and her future sons brave title %wle. ans] Eaid .
husband twenty years her senior. Her first imprea- My good little 1 oman, y-or husband i a brave
stonsaof him were such as wouJd have discouraged man, and this country owes him more thban it can
the atteurifns of a iesd courageouts heart. fever repay. But he is too conscientious. However,
Sasince hie is unwilinp to remain in communi] crf th-
Major Anderson's Counship. pst when he is ihvsically unable to perimlm the
S&Cduties, come ptuovisiin must, be made for hun else-
Near the barracks was a part in which deer were where.'
kCpt, and inside tin inclo-ure was a lake fiLed with SubsEquently be was retired, and went to Emnopea
ewane. Mis. General Anderson recalls that it was for his health. He diejd in Nice in 1'il. and his re-
cunsidere- a hich pnrilcige- Lv the enildruten if the remains were brought back on a man-of-war and
barraLla to be allowed to wanderout and view these received with mjiitarv huoors in Ne-w Yrk, and
animais. To- future Major AnJdercon re-dered him- afterward buned at Were Point. Mrs. Anderson
self ptr..-na linut, tirala in toe teuder eatimration of rematined in Nice for soOei time afterward to educate
.-1 fe-srir utfi b.r -xer:.oin. a censorship over the her chbilorer, Late in the '"u s she re-ujined to this
deer park. Whenever Elizabeth Clinch was dlis. Country' ILL Ler health imraic.i and tr-cd -.ar. u
covered goine in the direction of the park-and ohe clihmates in the hope of restorirg it. Tihe7 lived'for
does not recall a lime when she ever reached the awhile In Flonds and later in New York, but finally
park Uj.hdetected-the voaun officer took her hand, came to Washington.
luch againLst her nciinarton, and led her about, Major Andereon, like mcst military mi-n, was
e-splairinjg everything. The secret of herantipathy unable to leave is family any richer leeacy thanhis
to '"ner aupenror officer" developed when tired of ner own military renown. MNr-. Andersaon would nave
playliings obe day ebe complained of the doll innerite-d wealth estates frum ncr rich father, but
mon-,tony ol a soldier'a life. vh-hn she cast h'er fortrunes with the causen of the
'Wny dun'lt you visit the deer paik. love," her Ujon her property, which waa located s,:Lth of tme
mother tenderly inquired. fatai Mason and 'sx--,:u hue, wea swept away with
Because," bhe replied, with vexation. that tne fortanes of the South. Shortly after the. war
Lieutenant An:erson always wants to go with me Cc.nrres recognized the 6allart services of ber late
and hold my hard." bustband by _ranting her a pension of $'* a month.
"And why don't you wish him to hold your Later General Garfield succeeded itn havinp thi in-
band?" creased to 5t0, ard at the instance of Judge Hoi-
'tihere was a moment'c pause, a childish face man, of Indiana, the bum was increased to ilui a
blucbing crimson. folloe.ed hy a confession moutn.
"We W ben bolos my bands he won't let me fe-ed Contreesman Holman saw an opportunity later to
thte swans or throw eticks at the deer ana make periorn another act oi lusticeior General Anderson's
Lbthem run wid-low. During the Se-miuole war the- Fe-rdeial trops
By this strict enforcement of military discipline, were cur off from supplies while italic.nEd on the St.
which pr-hbibited Lne frnghbten-g of thedeernr fecd- thhn's river, and during that time General Clinch,
ln the s-aans, Major Anderson came near loBsing his Mre. Anderson's father, placed two of his Florida
sweetheart rbtot vla rAin.n e oi-i' of. tihe t.oc_.,. 'Ib-veoen-
L'eo /earTs aiter wien he sent his card up at the amcned according to the quartermaster s report,
Philadlphbla boardirng-sebool and asked "tihedie- about tl,,001 worth of products. Wneu tuis bill was
ttiinul'shed privilege of an interview with Mis Eliza.- presented for payment. bthe War D-partment officials
beth Ciineu," sune recalled the incident of the awarns onetioned Lihe accuracy of the ,]uartor-mierter-
and the deer, and had hall a mind not to see him. general's figures, and complained that the sum was
As shbe went timidly into his presence, "-- for the sale too righ.
oi old acquaintance." she nervously asked berselt if
he would again assert his ancient prerogative of General Clinch's Pride.
boldng hertband. A few years later, standing at the This touched the southern -pride of iluit old Gno-
altur. G,:uerai Winheid Scott gave her away as the eral Clinch, an,] be told the War Department that.
ride oa the object of ber distinguished chilish dic- ne would neier accept a red cent Mrs.
is. or. Anderson. vben asked if it wer really tine that ber
Tue love and devotion that cemented the anion of father bad made this remark, smiled pleasantly ind
thece two dlstinguisnsd military families is told in replied
ine pages of hiatory. Mrs. Anderson stood by the "1 have the word of Gen-ral Schenck that be
sade of her brave husband through the -leaa-n storm really did swear about that account. Mv father fre-
tha swept 6 r ha'la fnaror andsowered S SSSn
that swept over Charleston harbor and shiorereit queotly swore when he was angry, but f do not
upon Fort Sumter. Fhe was his best counselor in think that such expressions as be used bad as com-
theanxious days preceding his removal from Fort preheusive a meaning in those days as they do uow.
Moultrie act--iceIhe harbor to Sumter. which move. I think they were often then employed in a righteous
meant was declared by Secretary of War Fl[cy- and Cause,"
tue othi-r Southern svmpathizers in Prestident Alter his brush with the War Department, General
Buchanan's Cainuet, to be an overt ant of host0ity' Clinch was elected to Congress hiom a Georgia dis-
against the South. Trict. Several of his coilleacues flocked around him
Mrs.. Anderson'a Loyaltly. and suggestieed thar he could now secure the allow-
ance of the ilS,000 which the government owed hibLm
Hlsr-:,-ry records how Presidei-nt Bucbhuana himself through the passageof a special act to reimburse
wavered during the crisis aud withheld the neces- him, and they offered to Lntrou.ae a bill for that
sary supplies lor Major Anierson's veak garrison puF-nce.
until thaL stout-un-art-d old patriot Lewis Caas, then 'WhatL do you take me for?" was the exclamation
Secretary of State left the Cabinet, heart-brc.oken of the hardy old wanrrior. IDo you think I am a-
arid in dis agtt. for bis Ws.aonsin b,,me, and General lobbvist., rho came r.o Congress to pass bills for his
Dau Sicleas felt called upon o go up to the White own benefit?"
House aud swear at the President until he yielded General Clinch never forgave some of Lbthe men
and sustained the struggirdg commander at Fort who made this proposition. Concreesmau Hoiman
Sumter. relates an incident in Lhis connection :
The heroic Urtie southern wife of Major Anderson A southern Senato:r heard of General Olinch's
had her lo-;ality put to the cracial test about this 15,00ou claim against the government, and, in a spirit
Lime. Her five brothers, who had played with her on of magnanimity, inrrodutc-d bill topavy iheamount.
Oer father's plantation that bau"Ed the Savannah Is total disregard of the obstiadnate crednitorof Uncle
river, sud-Jncly cast their lives and tbpir fortunes Sam Coming so shortly after be had declined the
with the southern cause. HEt two sisters wrote her kindly offices of his coilea-vas in the H,-ie in tLhis
entreating letters Invoking the tra-ijLJon of familV matter wiLth such warmth, the Senator'p action
and section to bring her husband and herself to the angered General Clinch and came very near ending
support of rue Couinfederacy. Major Anderson was in a duel."
being subjected to a similar fire from bis own rela. But to return to the venerons act of Congressman
rives in Kentucky, mauy of whom leaned toward the Holmau in securing sBtill further recognition to Gen-
soutbern cause. eral Anderson's widow. A few years ago Judge Hol-
Several years before the Civil War General Clinch, man took up this claim and worked it through Con-
Mr-s. Anderson's father, bad died. He was the hero of gress, and the amount was paid to Mra. Anderson.
two wars-the Seminole and the warof I61I. who was the only loyal surviving heioLr of General
--Had be lived," said his. Anderson to-day, "I Clinch. J. A. M.


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