- Stink Bug, Green Orchid Bee, Ant, Horsefly, Scarlet Tipped Wasp Moth
- Physical Description:
- Palumbo, Luke ( donor )
- General Note:
- Stink Bug:
Order: Hemiptera. Family: Pentatomidae. Also called shield bugs.
Green Orchid Bee:
Family: Apidae. Tribe: Euglossini.
Habitat: Western hemisphere in tropical and subtropical regions from northern Mexico to Argentina.
Drawn to nectar and pollen of orchids.
These ants are known for cutting leaves much bigger than themselves off of trees and carrying them back to the community.
Diet: Ants chew up the leaves they cut and make them into a fungus garden. The garden becomes their food and home. This mutualism (or symbiosis) benefits both the ants and the fungus.
Hierarchy: Colonies may have as many as five to 10 million workers, with up to seven different castes. One caste is the queen. The queen is far larger than the others and may lay 50 million eggs over a lifetime. Another caste is the soldier. Soldiers protect the nest. A third is workers, who gather leaf material. A fourth is "Minima," or smaller workers, who are specialized for moving around in the small spaces of the fungus garden. They tend their food crop, grooming and clean and prune it like a real garden.
A fifth is trash workers, who carry the old garden material and put it in specialized refuse dumps.
Family: Tabanidae (Horse and Deer Flies).
Diet: Larvae are carnivorous, eating invertebrates they can find in the ground such as worms, snails, and insects. Adults eat flower nectar and pollen. Females are anautogenous, which means they need to ingest blood before they can reproduce. Most females will ingest mammal blood, but they have been known to resort to bird, reptile, and amphibians.Only the females are anautogenous, males lack the necessary mouth parts to access blood.
Scarlet Tipped Wasp Moth: Order: Lepidoptera, Family: Arctiidae, Species: Dinia eagrus.
Habitat: Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama, Honduras and Brazil
Encyclopedia of Life, http://eol.org/pages/9018/overview
Encyclopedia of Life, http://eol.org/pages/566495/details
National Science Foundation, http://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/leafcutterants.jsp
UF Entomology and Nematology, http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/MISC/BEES/green_orchid_bee.htm
- Source Institution:
- University of Florida
- Holding Location:
- University of Florida
- Rights Management:
- All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
- Resource Identifier:
- accession number - EDU2013.1.662
- System ID: