- Physical Description:
- Palumbo, Luke ( donor )
- Version Identification:
- Class: Arachnida. Order: Araneae. Family: Theraphosidae.
Distribution: South and West regions of the United States, throughout all of Central America, South America and Australia. Other species occur variously throughout Africa, much of Asia, and in Spain, Portugal, Turkey, Italy, and Cyprus.
Although their bite is painful, tarantulas are harmless to humans, their venom is weaker than a typical bee's.
Molting: To grow, tarantulas periodically shed their external skeletons in a process called molting. Molting also replaces internal organs and can regrow lost appendages.
Although some climb trees, the vast majority of tarantulas burrow in the ground.
Diet: Carnivore. Their main diet is insects, but tarantulas can target bigger game including frogs, toads, and mice.
Unlike other spiders, tarantulas don't use webs to trap insects. Instead, tarantulas grab prey with their appendages and inject a paralyzing venom. The tarantula then kills the prey with its fangs. The venom includes a digestive enzyme that liquefies the prey's body, allowing the tarantula to suck the prey up a straw-like appendage. A single meal could last a tarantula up to a month.
They have become popular as pets.
Predators: The tarantulas only natural predator is the parasitic pepsis wasp. The female wasp will paralyze a tarantula with its sting and lay its eggs on the spider's body. When the eggs hatch, the wasp larvae feed themselves on the still living tarantula.
Beleived to be from the Wainio home, 6th Street, Margarita, Canal Zone, Republic of Panama (approx yr 1961)
National Geographics, http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/bugs/tarantula/ ///
- Source Institution:
- University of Florida
- Holding Location:
- Panama Canal Museum Collection at the University of Florida
- Rights Management:
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- Resource Identifier:
- pcmi - EDU2013.1.641
- System ID: