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Title: Anothet test upload item
Physical Description: Book
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Subjects / Keywords: Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )

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Source Institution: University of Florida
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PAGE 1

SeatsandRestraintSystems ...........................1-1 FrontSeats ...............................................1-3 RearSeats ...............................................1-9 SafetyBelts ............................................. 1-12 ChildRestraints ....................................... 1-31 AirbagSystem ......................................... 1-70 RestraintSystemCheck ............................ 1-87 FeaturesandControls .....................................2-1 Keys ........................................................2-3 DoorsandLocks .......................................2-8 Windows ................................................. 2-15 Theft-DeterrentSystems ............................ 2-18 StartingandOperatingYourVehicle ........... 2-20 Mirrors .................................................... 2-56 OnStarSystem ...................................... 2-69 UniversalHomeRemoteSystem ................ 2-71 StorageAreas ......................................... 2-75 Sunroof .................................................. 2-78 VehiclePersonalization ............................. 2-79 InstrumentPanel .............................................3-1 InstrumentPanelOverview ..........................3-4 ClimateControls ...................................... 3-20 WarningLights,Gages,andIndicators ........ 3-30 DriverInformationCenter(DIC) .................. 3-51 AudioSystem(s) ....................................... 3-70 DrivingYourVehicle .......................................4-1 YourDriving,theRoad,andYourVehicle .....4-2 Towing ................................................... 4-61 ServiceandAppearanceCare ..........................5-1 Service .....................................................5-4 Fuel .........................................................5-6 CheckingThingsUndertheHood ............... 5-12 RearAxle ............................................... 5-56 Four-WheelDrive ..................................... 5-58 FrontAxle ............................................... 5-60 NoiseControlSystem ............................... 5-61 BulbReplacement .................................... 5-62 WindshieldWiperBladeReplacement ......... 5-72 Tires ...................................................... 5-73 AppearanceCare ................................... 5-114 VehicleIdentication ............................... 5-122 ElectricalSystem .................................... 5-123 CapacitiesandSpecications ................... 5-132 MaintenanceSchedule .....................................6-1 MaintenanceSchedule ................................6-2 CustomerAssistanceandInformation ..............7-1 CustomerAssistanceandInformation ...........7-2 ReportingSafetyDefects ........................... 7-13 Index ................................................................1 2006ChevroletSilveradoOwnerManualM

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GENERALMOTORS,GM,theGMEmblem, CHEVROLET,theCHEVROLETEmblem,andthe namesSILVERADOandZ71areregisteredtrademarks ofGeneralMotorsCorporation. Thismanualincludesthelatestinformationatthetimeit wasprinted.Wereservetherighttomakechanges afterthattimewithoutfurthernotice.Forvehiclesrst soldinCanada,substitutethename“GeneralMotorsof CanadaLimited”forChevroletMotorDivisionwhenever itappearsinthismanual. Keepthismanualinthevehicle,soitwillbethereifitis neededwhileyouareontheroad.Ifthevehicleis sold,leavethismanualinitthevehicle.CanadianOwnersAFrenchlanguagecopyofthismanualcanbeobtained fromyourdealerorfrom: Helm,Incorporated P.O.Box07130 Detroit,MI48207HowtoUseThisManualManypeoplereadtheownermanualfrombeginningto endwhentheyrstreceivetheirnewvehicle.Ifthis isdone,itcanhelpyoulearnaboutthefeatures andcontrolsforthevehicle.Picturesandwordswork togetherintheownermanualtoexplainthings.IndexAgoodplacetoquicklylocateinformationaboutthe vehicleistheIndexinthebackofthemanual.Itisan alphabeticallistofwhatisinthemanualandthe pagenumberwhereitcanbefound. LithoinU.S.A. PartNo.06SILVERADOAFirstPrinting2005GeneralMotorsCorporation.AllRightsReserved. ii

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SafetyWarningsandSymbolsThereareanumberofsafetycautionsinthisbook.We useaboxandthewordCAUTIONtotellaboutthings thatcouldhurtyouifyouweretoignorethewarning. {CAUTION:Thesemeanthereissomethingthatcouldhurt youorotherpeople. Inthecautionarea,wetellyouwhatthehazardis. Thenwetellyouwhattodotohelpavoidorreducethe hazard.Pleasereadthesecautions.Ifyoudonot, youorotherscouldbehurt. Youwillalsondacircle withaslashthroughitin thisbook.Thissafety symbolmeans“DoNot,” “DoNotdothis”or“DoNot letthishappen.” iii

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VehicleDamageWarningsAlso,inthismanualyouwillndthesenotices: Notice: Thesemeanthereissomethingthatcould damageyourvehicle. Anoticetellsaboutsomethingthatcandamagethe vehicle.Manytimes,thisdamagewouldnotbecovered byyourvehicle’swarranty,anditcouldbecostly.But thenoticewilltellwhattodotohelpavoidthedamage. Whenyoureadothermanuals,youmightsee CAUTIONandNOTICEwarningsindifferentcolorsorin differentwords. Therearealsowarninglabelsonthevehicle.Theyuse thesamewords,CAUTIONorNOTICE.VehicleSymbolsThevehiclehascomponentsandlabelsthatuse symbolsinsteadoftext.Symbolsareshownalongwith thetextdescribingtheoperationorinformation relatingtoaspeciccomponent,control,message, gage,orindicator. Ifyouneedhelpguringoutaspecicnameofa component,gage,orindicator,referencethefollowing topics:SeatsandRestraintSystemsinSection1FeaturesandControlsinSection2InstrumentPanelOverviewinSection3ClimateControlsinSection3WarningLights,Gages,andIndicatorsinSection3AudioSystem(s)inSection3EngineCompartmentOverviewinSection5 iv

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Thesearesomeexamplesofsymbolsthatmaybefoundonthevehicle: v

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NOTES vi

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FrontSeats ..................................................... .1-3 ManualSeats ............................................... .1-3 PowerSeats ................................................. .1-4 PowerLumbar .............................................. .1-4 HeatedSeats ................................................ .1-5 RecliningSeatbacks ....................................... .1-6 HeadRestraints ............................................ .1-8 SeatbackLatches .......................................... .1-8 RearSeats ...................................................... .1-9 RearSeatOperation(ExtendedCab) ............... .1-9 RearSeatOperation(CrewCab) ................... .1-10 SafetyBelts .................................................. .1-12 SafetyBelts:TheyAreforEveryone ............... .1-12 QuestionsandAnswersAboutSafetyBelts ..... .1-16 HowtoWearSafetyBeltsProperly ................ .1-17 DriverPosition ............................................. .1-17 SafetyBeltUseDuringPregnancy ................. .1-24 RightFrontPassengerPosition ...................... .1-25 CenterFrontPassengerPosition .................... .1-25 RearSeatPassengers ................................. .1-26 RearSafetyBeltComfortGuides ................... .1-29 SafetyBeltExtender .................................... .1-30 ChildRestraints ............................................ .1-31 OlderChildren ............................................. .1-31 InfantsandYoungChildren ........................... .1-33 ChildRestraintSystems ................................ .1-37 WheretoPuttheRestraint ............................ .1-42 LowerAnchorsandTethersfor Children(LATCH) ..................................... .1-44 SecuringaChildRestraintina RearSeatPosition ................................... .1-54 SecuringaChildRestraintinthe CenterFrontSeatPosition ......................... .1-56 SecuringaChildRestraintintheRightFront SeatPosition(CrewCab) .......................... .1-57 SecuringaChildRestraintintheRightFront SeatPosition(RegularandExtendedCab) (WithAirbagOffSwitch) ............................ .1-60 SecuringaChildRestraintintheRightFront SeatPosition(RegularandExtendedCab) (WithPassengerSensingSystem) .............. .1-65 Section1SeatsandRestraintSystems 1-1

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AirbagSystem .............................................. .1-70 WhereAretheAirbags? ............................... .1-71 WhenShouldanAirbagInate? .................... .1-73 WhatMakesanAirbagInate? ...................... .1-75 HowDoesanAirbagRestrain? ...................... .1-75 WhatWillYouSeeAfteranAirbagInates? .... .1-76 AirbagOffSwitch ......................................... .1-77 PassengerSensingSystem ........................... .1-80 ServicingYourAirbag-EquippedVehicle .......... .1-86 AddingEquipmenttoYourAirbag-Equipped Vehicle ................................................... .1-86 RestraintSystemCheck ................................. .1-87 CheckingtheRestraintSystems ..................... .1-87 ReplacingRestraintSystemParts AfteraCrash ........................................... .1-88 Section1SeatsandRestraintSystems 1-2

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FrontSeatsManualSeats {CAUTION:Youcanlosecontrolofthevehicleifyoutryto adjustamanualdriver’sseatwhilethevehicle ismoving.Thesuddenmovementcouldstartle andconfuseyou,ormakeyoupushapedal whenyoudonotwantto.Adjustthedriver’s seatonlywhenthevehicleisnotmoving. Ifyourvehiclehasamanualbucketorasplitbench seat,youcanadjusttheseatforwardorrearwardwith thebarlocatedunderthefrontoftheseatcushion. Liftthebartounlocktheseat.Slidetheseattowhereyou wantitandreleasethebar.Trytomovetheseatwith yourbodytobesuretheseatislockedinplace. 1-3

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PowerSeatsIfyourvehiclehaspowerseats,thecontrolsarelocated ontheoutboardsideoftheseats.Raiseorlowerthefrontoftheseatcushionby raisingorloweringthefrontofthehorizontalcontrol.Raiseorlowertherearoftheseatcushionby raisingorloweringtherearofthehorizontalcontrol.Raiseorlowertheentireseatcushionbyraisingor loweringthewholehorizontalcontrol.Movetheseatforwardorrearwardbymovingthe horizontalcontrolforwardorrearward. Ifyourvehiclehaspowerrecliningseatbacks,the controlislocatedrearofthepowerseatcontrolonthe outboardsideoftheseats.Adjusttheangleofthe seatbackbypressingtheverticalcontrolforward orrearward.See RecliningSeatbacksonpage1-6 Ifyourvehiclehasmanualrecliningseatbacks, see RecliningSeatbacksonpage1-6 .PowerLumbarYourvehiclemayhavethisfeature. Thecontrolislocatedon theoutboardsideofthe seatcushion. Toincreaseordecreasesupport,holdthecontrol forwardorrearward.Keepinmindthatasyourseating positionchanges,asitmayduringlongtrips,so shouldthepositionofyourlumbarsupport.Adjustthe seatasneeded. 1-4

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HeatedSeatsIfyourvehiclehasthis feature,thebuttonsare locatedonthefrontdoors. Theenginemustbe runningfortheheated seatstowork. Toheattheentireseat,pressthehorizontalbuttonwith theheatedseatandseatbacksymbol.Pressthebuttonto cyclethroughthetemperaturesettingsofhigh,medium andlowandtoturntheheatedseatoff.Indicatorlights willbelittodesignatethelevelofheatselected:threefor high,twoformedium,andoneforlow. Toheatonlytheseatback,presstheverticalbuttonwith theheatedseatbacksymbol.Anindicatorlightonthe seatbackbuttonwillbelittodesignatethatonlythe seatbackisbeingheated.Additionalpressesof theseatbackbuttonwillcyclethroughtheheatlevelsfor theseatbackonly.Pressthehorizontalbuttonagain toheatthewholeseat. Theheatedseatswillbecanceledaftertheignitionis turnedoff.Ifyoustillwanttousetheheatedseatfeature afteryourestartyourvehicle,youwillneedtopress theheatedseatbuttonagain. 1-5

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RecliningSeatbacks {CAUTION:Iftheseatbackisnotlocked,itcouldmove forwardinasuddenstoporcrash.Thatcould causeinjurytothepersonsittingthere.Always pushandpullontheseatbacktobesureitis locked. Toadjusttheseatback,liftthemanualleverlocatedon theoutboardsideoftheseat.Releasetheleverto locktheseatbackinthedesiredposition.Liftthelever againwithoutpushingontheseatbackandtheseatback willgotoanuprightposition. 1-6

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Ifyourvehiclehaspowerseatswithapowerrecliner, see PowerSeatsonpage1-4 forfurtherinformationon howtooperatetherecliningseatbackfeature. {CAUTION:Sittinginareclinedpositionwhenyourvehicle isinmotioncanbedangerous.Evenifyou buckleup,yoursafetybeltscannotdotheir jobwhenyouarereclinedlikethis. Theshoulderbeltcannotdoitsjob.Inacrash, youcouldgointoit,receivingneckorother injuries. Thelapbeltcannotdoitsjobeither.Inacrash thebeltcouldgoupoveryourabdomen.The beltforceswouldbethere,notatyourpelvic bones.Thiscouldcauseseriousinternal injuries. Forproperprotectionwhenthevehicleisin motion,havetheseatbackupright.Thensit wellbackintheseatandwearyoursafetybelt properly. Donothaveaseatbackreclinedifyourvehicleis moving. 1-7

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HeadRestraintsAdjustyourheadrestraintsothatthetopoftherestraint isclosesttothetopofyourhead.Thisposition reducesthechanceofaneckinjuryinacrash. Pulltheheadrestraintuptoraiseit.Pushthehead restraintdowntolowerit. Yourrearseatsmayhaveheadrestraintsthatcanbe adjustedupanddown.SeatbackLatchesThefrontseatbacksfoldforwardtoallowaccesstothe rearofthecab. Tofoldtheseatbackforward,lifttheleverlocatedon theoutboardsideoftheseatcushion. {CAUTION:Iftheseatbackisnotlocked,itcouldmove forwardinasuddenstoporcrash.Thatcould causeinjurytothepersonsittingthere.Always pushandpullontheseatbacktobesureitis locked. Toreturntheseatbacktotheuprightposition,pushthe seatbackrearwarduntilitlatches.Afterreturningthe seatbacktoitsuprightposition,pushandpullon theseatbacktomakesureitislocked. 1-8

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RearSeatsRearSeatOperation(ExtendedCab)FoldingtheRearSeatTherearseatintheextendedcabcanbefoldedupto providemorecargospace. Tofoldtheseatup,dothefollowing: 1.Pushdownonthefront oftheseatcushion whilepullingdownon thereleasestrap whichislocatedunder theseatcushion. 2.Pulltheseatcushionupuntilitlatcheswiththe seatback. 3.Afterlatchingtheseatcushionup,pullforwardonit tomakesureitislocked. Theseatcanalsobefoldeddownformoreseating space. Tofoldtheseatdown,dothefollowing: 1.Pushtheseatcushionwhilepullingtherelease strapwhichislocatedundertheseatcushion. Pulltheseatcushiondownuntilitlatches. 2.Afterlatchingtheseatcushion,pulluponitto makesureitislocked. 1-9

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RearSeatOperation(CrewCab)Thesecondrowseatisa60/40splitseat.Eithersideof therearseatmaybeippedandfoldedforadded cargospace. Makesurethatnothingisunderorinfrontoftheseat andthattheheadrestraintsarecompletelylowered. Toipandfoldtheseat,dothefollowing: 1.Pulluponthestrap loopattherearofthe seatcushion.Then, pulltheseatcushionup andipitforward. 2.Afterfoldingtheseatcushionfullyforward,pullthe seatbackforwarduntilitisat.Iftheseatback cannotfoldatbecauseitinterfereswiththe cushion,trymovingthefrontseatforwardand/or bringingthefrontseatmoreupright.Theleveratthe baseoftheseatmustbeturnedrearwardto releasetheseatback. 1-10

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Toreturntheseattothenormalseatingposition,dothe following: 1.Lifttheseatbackupandpushitrearwardalltheway. {CAUTION:Iftheseatbackisnotlocked,itcouldmove forwardinasuddenstoporcrash.Thatcould causeinjurytothepersonsittingthere.Always pushandpullontheseatbacktobesureitis locked. 2.Pushandpullontheseatbacktomakesureitis lockedintoplace. 3.Lowertheseatcushionuntilitlatchesintoposition. Pulluponthecushiontomakesureitislocked intoplace. {CAUTION:Asafetybeltthatisimproperlyrouted,not properlyattached,ortwistedwillnotprovide theprotectionneededinacrash.Theperson wearingthebeltcouldbeseriouslyinjured. Afterraisingtherearseatback,alwayscheck tobesurethatthesafetybeltsareproperly routedandattached,andarenottwisted. Makesurethatthesafetybeltbucklesonthedriver’s sideseatbackareaccessibletotheoutboardandcenter occupantandarenotundertheseatcushions. 1-11

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SafetyBeltsSafetyBelts:TheyAreforEveryoneThispartofthemanualtellsyouhowtousesafety beltsproperly.Italsotellsyousomethingsyoushould notdowithsafetybelts. {CAUTION:Donotletanyoneridewhereheorshecannot wearasafetybeltproperly.Ifyouareina crashandyouarenotwearingasafetybelt, yourinjuriescanbemuchworse.Youcanhit thingsinsidethevehicleorbeejectedfromit. Youcanbeseriouslyinjuredorkilled.Inthe samecrash,youmightnotbe,ifyouare buckledup.Alwaysfastenyoursafetybelt, andcheckthatyourpassengers’beltsare fastenedproperlytoo. {CAUTION:Itisextremelydangeroustorideinacargo area,insideoroutsideofavehicle.Ina collision,peopleridingintheseareasaremore likelytobeseriouslyinjuredorkilled.Donot allowpeopletorideinanyareaofyourvehicle thatisnotequippedwithseatsandsafety belts.Besureeveryoneinyourvehicleisina seatandusingasafetybeltproperly. Yourvehiclehasalight thatcomesonasa remindertobuckleup.See SafetyBeltReminder Lightonpage3-33 InmoststatesandinallCanadianprovinces,thelaw saystowearsafetybelts.Hereiswhy: Theywork 1-12

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Youneverknowifyouwillbeinacrash.Ifyoudohave acrash,youdonotknowifitwillbeabadone. Afewcrashesaremild,andsomecrashescanbeso seriousthatevenbuckledup,apersonwouldnot survive.Butmostcrashesareinbetween.Inmanyof them,peoplewhobuckleupcansurviveandsometimes walkaway.Withoutbeltstheycouldhavebeenbadly hurtorkilled. Aftermorethan30yearsofsafetybeltsinvehicles,the factsareclear.Inmostcrashesbucklingupdoes matter...alot!WhySafetyBeltsWorkWhenyourideinoronanything,yougoasfastas itgoes. Takethesimplestvehicle.Supposeitisjustaseaton wheels. 1-13

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Putsomeoneonit.Getituptospeed.Thenstopthevehicle.Therider doesnotstop. 1-14

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Thepersonkeepsgoinguntilstoppedbysomething.In arealvehicle,itcouldbethewindshield... ortheinstrumentpanel... 1-15

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orthesafetybelts! Withsafetybelts,youslowdownasthevehicledoes. Yougetmoretimetostop.Youstopovermoredistance, andyourstrongestbonestaketheforces.Thatiswhy safetybeltsmakesuchgoodsense.QuestionsandAnswersAbout SafetyBeltsQ:WillIbetrappedinthevehicleafteranaccident ifIamwearingasafetybelt?A:You could be—whetheryouarewearingasafety beltornot.Butyoucanunbuckleasafetybelt, evenifyouareupsidedown.Andyourchanceof beingconsciousduringandafteranaccident, soyou can unbuckleandgetout,is much greaterif youarebelted.Q:Ifmyvehiclehasairbags,whyshouldIhaveto wearsafetybelts?A:Airbagsareinmanyvehiclestodayandwillbein mostoftheminthefuture.Buttheyare supplementalsystemsonly;sotheywork with safetybelts—notinsteadofthem.Everyairbag systemeverofferedforsalehasrequiredtheuseof safetybelts.Evenifyouareinavehiclethathas airbags,youstillhavetobuckleuptogetthemost protection.Thatistruenotonlyinfrontalcollisions, butespeciallyinsideandothercollisions. 1-16

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Q:IfIamagooddriver,andIneverdrivefarfrom home,whyshouldIwearsafetybelts?A:Youmaybeanexcellentdriver,butifyouareinan accident—evenonethatisnotyourfault—you andyourpassengerscanbehurt.Beingagood driverdoesnotprotectyoufromthingsbeyondyour control,suchasbaddrivers. Mostaccidentsoccurwithin25miles(40km)of home.Andthegreatestnumberofseriousinjuries anddeathsoccuratspeedsoflessthan40mph (65km/h). Safetybeltsareforeveryone.HowtoWearSafetyBeltsProperlyThispartisonlyforpeopleofadultsize. Beawarethattherearespecialthingstoknowabout safetybeltsandchildren.Andtherearedifferent rulesforsmallerchildrenandbabies.Ifachildwillbe ridinginyourvehicle,see OlderChildrenonpage1-31 or InfantsandYoungChildrenonpage1-33 .Follow thoserulesforeveryone’sprotection. First,youwillwanttoknowwhichrestraintsystemsyour vehiclehas. Wewillstartwiththedriverposition.DriverPositionLap-ShoulderBeltThedriverhasalap-shoulderbelt.Hereishowtowear itproperly. 1.Closeandlockthedoor. 2.Adjusttheseatsoyoucansitupstraight.Tosee how,see“Seats”intheIndex. 3.Pickupthelatchplateandpullthebeltacrossyou. Donotletitgettwisted. Theshoulderbeltmaylockifyoupullthebelt acrossyouveryquickly.Ifthishappens,letthebelt gobackslightlytounlockit.Thenpullthebelt acrossyoumoreslowly. 1-17

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4.Pushthelatchplateintothebuckleuntilitclicks. Pulluponthelatchplatetomakesureitissecure. Ifthebeltisnotlongenough,see SafetyBelt Extenderonpage1-30 Makesurethereleasebuttononthebuckleis positionedsoyouwouldbeabletounbucklethe safetybeltquicklyifyoueverhadto. 5.Tomakethelapparttight,pulluponthe shoulderbelt. Thelappartofthebeltshouldbewornlowandsnugon thehips,justtouchingthethighs.Inacrash,this appliesforcetothestrongpelvicbones.Andyouwould belesslikelytoslideunderthelapbelt.Ifyouslid underit,thebeltwouldapplyforceatyourabdomen. Thiscouldcauseseriousorevenfatalinjuries.The shoulderbeltshouldgoovertheshoulderandacross thechest.Thesepartsofthebodyarebestabletotake beltrestrainingforces. Thesafetybeltlocksifthereisasuddenstoporcrash, orifyoupullthebeltveryquicklyoutoftheretractor. 1-18

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Q:Whatiswrongwiththis?A:Theshoulderbeltistooloose.Itwillnotgivenearly asmuchprotectionthisway. {CAUTION:Youcanbeseriouslyhurtifyourshoulderbelt istooloose.Inacrash,youwouldmove forwardtoomuch,whichcouldincreaseinjury. Theshoulderbeltshouldtagainstyourbody. 1-19

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Q:Whatiswrongwiththis?A:Thebeltisbuckledinthewrongplace. {CAUTION:Youcanbeseriouslyinjuredifyourbeltis buckledinthewrongplacelikethis.Inacrash, thebeltwouldgoupoveryourabdomen.The beltforceswouldbethere,notatthepelvic bones.Thiscouldcauseseriousinternal injuries.Alwaysbuckleyourbeltintothe bucklenearestyou. 1-20

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Q:Whatiswrongwiththis?A:Thebeltisoveranarmrest. {CAUTION:Youcanbeseriouslyinjuredifyourbeltgoes overanarmrestlikethis.Thebeltwouldbe muchtoohigh.Inacrash,youcanslideunder thebelt.Thebeltforcewouldthenbeapplied attheabdomen,notatthepelvicbones,and thatcouldcauseseriousorfatalinjuries.Be surethebeltgoesunderthearmrests. 1-21

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Q:Whatiswrongwiththis?A:Theshoulderbeltiswornunderthearm.Itshould bewornovertheshoulderatalltimes. {CAUTION:Youcanbeseriouslyinjuredifyouwearthe shoulderbeltunderyourarm.Inacrash,your bodywouldmovetoofarforward,whichwould increasethechanceofheadandneckinjury. Also,thebeltwouldapplytoomuchforceto theribs,whicharenotasstrongasshoulder bones.Youcouldalsoseverelyinjureinternal organslikeyourliverorspleen. 1-22

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Q:Whatiswrongwiththis?A:Thebeltistwistedacrossthebody. {CAUTION:Youcanbeseriouslyinjuredbyatwistedbelt. Inacrash,youwouldnothavethefullwidthof thebelttospreadimpactforces.Ifabeltis twisted,makeitstraightsoitcanwork properly,oraskyourdealertoxit. 1-23

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Tounlatchthebelt,justpushthebuttononthebuckle. Thebeltshouldgobackoutoftheway. Beforeyouclosethedoor,besurethebeltisoutofthe way.Ifyouslamthedooronit,youcandamage boththebeltandyourvehicle.SafetyBeltUseDuringPregnancySafetybeltsworkforeveryone,includingpregnant women.Likealloccupants,theyaremorelikelytobe seriouslyinjurediftheydonotwearsafetybelts. Apregnantwomanshouldwearalap-shoulderbelt,and thelapportionshouldbewornaslowaspossible, belowtherounding,throughoutthepregnancy. Thebestwaytoprotectthefetusistoprotectthe mother.Whenasafetybeltiswornproperly,itismore likelythatthefetuswillnotbehurtinacrash.For pregnantwomen,asforanyone,thekeytomaking safetybeltseffectiveiswearingthemproperly. 1-24

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RightFrontPassengerPositionTolearnhowtoweartherightfrontpassenger’ssafety beltproperly,see DriverPositiononpage1-17 Therightfrontpassenger’ssafetybeltworksthesame wayasthedriver’ssafetybelt—exceptforonething.If youeverpulltheshoulderportionofthebeltoutallthe way,youwillengagethechildrestraintlockingfeature whichmayturnoffthepassenger’sfrontalairbag.Ifthis happensunintentionally,justletthebeltgobackallthe wayandstartagain.CenterFrontPassengerPositionLapBeltIfyourvehiclehasafrontbenchseat,someonecansit inthecenterposition. Whenyousitinthecenterfrontseatingposition,you havealapsafetybelt,whichhasnoretractor.Tomake thebeltlonger,tiltthelatchplateandpullitalong thebelt. 1-25

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Tomakethebeltshorter,pullitsfreeendasshown untilthebeltissnug. Buckle,positionandreleaseitthesamewayasthelap partofalap-shoulderbelt.Ifthebeltisnotlong enough,see SafetyBeltExtenderonpage1-30 Makesurethereleasebuttononthebuckleispositioned soyouwouldbeabletounbucklethesafetybelt quicklyifyoueverhadto.RearSeatPassengersItisveryimportantforrearseatpassengerstobuckle up!Accidentstatisticsshowthatunbeltedpeoplein therearseatarehurtmoreoftenincrashesthanthose whoarewearingsafetybelts. Rearpassengerswhoarenotsafetybeltedcanbe thrownoutofthevehicleinacrash.Andtheycanstrike othersinthevehiclewhoarewearingsafetybelts. 1-26

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Lap-ShoulderBeltAllrearseatpositionshavelap-shoulderbelts.Hereis howtowearoneproperly. 1.Pickupthelatchplateandpullthebeltacrossyou. Donotletitgettwisted. Theshoulderbeltmaylockifyoupullthebelt acrossyouveryquickly.Ifthishappens,letthebelt gobackslightlytounlockit.Thenpullthebelt acrossyoumoreslowly. 2.Pushthelatchplateintothebuckleuntilitclicks. Pulluponthelatchplatetomakesureitissecure. Whentheshoulderbeltispulledoutalltheway, itwilllock.Ifitdoes,letitgobackallthewayand startagain. Ifthebeltisnotlongenough,see SafetyBelt Extenderonpage1-30 Makesurethereleasebuttononthebuckleis positionedsoyouwouldbeabletounbucklethe safetybeltquicklyifyoueverhadto. 3.Tomakethelapparttight,pulluponthe shoulderpart. 1-27

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Thelappartofthebeltshouldbewornlowandsnugon thehips,justtouchingthethighs.Inacrash,this appliesforcetothestrongpelvicbones.Andyouwould belesslikelytoslideunderthelapbelt.Ifyouslid underit,thebeltwouldapplyforceatyourabdomen. Thiscouldcauseseriousorevenfatalinjuries.The shoulderbeltshouldgoovertheshoulderandacross thechest.Thesepartsofthebodyarebestabletotake beltrestrainingforces. Thesafetybeltlocksifthereisasuddenstoporacrash, orifyoupullthebeltveryquicklyoutoftheretractor. {CAUTION:Youcanbeseriouslyhurtifyourshoulderbelt istooloose.Inacrash,youwouldmove forwardtoomuch,whichcouldincreaseinjury. Theshoulderbeltshouldtagainstyourbody. Tounlatchthebelt,pushthebuttononthebuckle. 1-28

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RearSafetyBeltComfortGuidesRearseatcomfortguidesmayprovideaddedsafetybelt comfortforolderchildrenwhohaveoutgrownbooster seatsandforsomeadults.Wheninstalledonashoulder belt,thecomfortguidepositionsthebeltawayfrom theneckandhead. Thereisoneguideforeachoutsidepassengerinthe rearseat.Hereishowtoinstallacomfortguideanduse thesafetybelt: 1.Removetheguidefromitsstoragecliponthe interiorbody. 2.Placetheguideoverthebeltandinsertthe twoedgesofthebeltintotheslotsoftheguide. 3.Besurethatthebeltisnottwistedanditliesat. Theguidemustbeontopofthebelt. 1-29

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{CAUTION:Asafetybeltthatisnotproperlywornmaynot providetheprotectionneededinacrash.The personwearingthebeltcouldbeseriously injured.Theshoulderbeltshouldgooverthe shoulderandacrossthechest.Thesepartsof thebodyarebestabletotakebeltrestraining forces. 4.Buckle,position,andreleasethesafetybeltas describedin RearSeatPassengersonpage1-26 Makesurethattheshoulderbeltcrossesthe shoulder. Toremoveandstorethecomfortguides,squeezethe beltedgestogethersothatyoucantakethemoutofthe guides.Slidetheguideontothestorageclip.SafetyBeltExtenderIfthevehicle’ssafetybeltwillfastenaroundyou,you shoulduseit. Butifasafetybeltisnotlongenough,yourdealerwill orderyouanextender.Itisfree.Whenyougointo orderit,taketheheaviestcoatyouwillwear,so theextenderwillbelongenoughforyou.Tohelpavoid personalinjury,donotletsomeoneelseuseit,and useitonlyfortheseatitismadetot.Theextenderhas beendesignedforadults.Neveruseitforsecuring childseats.Towearit,justattachittotheregularsafety belt.Formoreinformation,seetheinstructionsheet thatcomeswiththeextender. 1-30

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ChildRestraintsOlderChildrenOlderchildrenwhohaveoutgrownboosterseatsshould wearthevehicle’ssafetybelts.Q:Whatistheproperwaytowearsafetybelts?A:Anolderchildshouldwearalap-shoulderbeltand gettheadditionalrestraintashoulderbeltcan provide.Theshoulderbeltshouldnotcrosstheface orneck.Thelapbeltshouldtsnuglybelowthe hips,justtouchingthetopofthethighs.Itshould neverbewornovertheabdomen,whichcould causesevereorevenfatalinternalinjuriesin acrash. Accidentstatisticsshowthatchildrenaresaferifthey arerestrainedintherearseat. Inacrash,childrenwhoarenotbuckledupcanstrike otherpeoplewhoarebuckledup,orcanbethrown outofthevehicle.Olderchildrenneedtousesafety beltsproperly. 1-31

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{CAUTION:Neverdothis. Heretwochildrenarewearingthesamebelt. Thebeltcannotproperlyspreadtheimpact forces.Inacrash,thetwochildrencanbe crushedtogetherandseriouslyinjured.Abelt mustbeusedbyonlyonepersonatatime.Q:Whatifachildiswearingalap-shoulderbelt, butthechildissosmallthattheshoulderbelt isveryclosetothechild’sfaceorneck?A:Ifthechildissittinginaseatnexttoawindow, movethechildtowardthecenterofthevehicle. Alsosee RearSafetyBeltComfortGuideson page1-29 .Ifthechildissittinginthecenterrear seatpassengerposition,movethechildtowardthe safetybeltbuckle.Ineithercase,besurethat theshoulderbeltstillisonthechild’sshoulder,so thatinacrashthechild’supperbodywould havetherestraintthebeltsprovide. 1-32

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{CAUTION:Neverdothis. Hereachildissittinginaseatthathasa lap-shoulderbelt,buttheshoulderpartis behindthechild.Ifthechildwearsthebeltin thisway,inacrashthechildmightslideunder thebelt.Thebelt’sforcewouldthenbeapplied rightonthechild’sabdomen.Thatcouldcause seriousorfatalinjuries. Whereverthechildsits,thelapportionofthebelt shouldbewornlowandsnugonthehips,justtouching thechild’sthighs.Thisappliesbeltforcetothechild’s pelvicbonesinacrash.InfantsandYoungChildrenEveryoneinavehicleneedsprotection!Thisincludes infantsandallotherchildren.Neitherthedistance travelednortheageandsizeofthetravelerchanges theneed,foreveryone,tousesafetyrestraints.Infact, thelawineverystateintheUnitedStatesandin everyCanadianprovincesayschildrenuptosomeage mustberestrainedwhileinavehicle. Everytimeinfantsandyoungchildrenrideinvehicles, theyshouldhavetheprotectionprovidedbyappropriate restraints.Youngchildrenshouldnotusethevehicle’s adultsafetybeltsalone,unlessthereisnootherchoice. Instead,theyneedtouseachildrestraint. 1-33

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{CAUTION:Peopleshouldneverholdababyintheirarms whileridinginavehicle.Ababydoesnot weighmuch—untilacrash.Duringacrasha babywillbecomesoheavyitisnotpossibleto holdit.Forexample,inacrashatonly25mph (40km/h),a12lb(5.5kg)babywillsuddenly becomea240lb(110kg)forceonaperson’s arms.Ababyshouldbesecuredinan appropriaterestraint. 1-34

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{CAUTION:Childrenwhoareupagainst,orverycloseto, anyairbagwhenitinatescanbeseriously injuredorkilled.Airbagspluslap-shoulder beltsofferprotectionforadultsandolder children,butnotforyoungchildrenand infants.Neitherthevehicle’ssafetybeltsystem noritsairbagsystemisdesignedforthem. Youngchildrenandinfantsneedtheprotection thatachildrestraintsystemcanprovide. 1-35

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Q:Whatarethedifferenttypesofadd-onchild restraints?A:Add-onchildrestraints,whicharepurchasedbythe vehicle’sowner,areavailableinfourbasictypes. Selectionofaparticularrestraintshouldtake intoconsiderationnotonlythechild’sweight,height andagebutalsowhetherornottherestraintwill becompatiblewiththemotorvehicleinwhichitwill beused. Formostbasictypesofchildrestraints,thereare manydifferentmodelsavailable.Whenpurchasinga childrestraint,besureitisdesignedtobeused inamotorvehicle.Ifitis,therestraintwillhavea labelsayingthatitmeetsfederalmotorvehicle safetystandards. Therestraintmanufacturer’sinstructionsthatcome withtherestraint,statetheweightandheight limitationsforaparticularchildrestraint.Inaddition, therearemanykindsofrestraintsavailablefor childrenwithspecialneeds. {CAUTION:Newborninfantsneedcompletesupport, includingsupportfortheheadandneck.This isnecessarybecauseanewborninfant’sneck isweakanditsheadweighssomuch comparedwiththerestofitsbody.Inacrash, aninfantinarear-facingseatsettlesintothe restraint,sothecrashforcescanbe distributedacrossthestrongestpartofan infant’sbody,thebackandshoulders.Infants alwaysshouldbesecuredinappropriateinfant restraints. 1-36

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{CAUTION:Thebodystructureofayoungchildisquite unlikethatofanadultorolderchild,forwhom thesafetybeltsaredesigned.Ayoungchild’s hipbonesarestillsosmallthatthevehicle’s regularsafetybeltmaynotremainlowonthe hipbones,asitshould.Instead,itmaysettle uparoundthechild’sabdomen.Inacrash,the beltwouldapplyforceonabodyareathatis unprotectedbyanybonystructure.Thisalone couldcauseseriousorfatalinjuries.Young childrenalwaysshouldbesecuredin appropriatechildrestraints.ChildRestraintSystemsAninfantcarbed(A),aspecialbedmadeforuseina motorvehicle,isaninfantrestraintsystemdesigned torestrainorpositionachildonacontinuousat surface.Makesurethattheinfant’sheadreststoward thecenterofthevehicle. 1-37

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Arear-facinginfantseat(B)providesrestraintwiththe seatingsurfaceagainstthebackoftheinfant.The harnesssystemholdstheinfantinplaceand,inacrash, actstokeeptheinfantpositionedintherestraint. Aforward-facingchildseat(C-E)providesrestraintfor thechild’sbodywiththeharnessandalsosometimes withsurfacessuchasT-shapedorshelf-likeshields. 1-38

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Aboosterseat(F-G)isachildrestraintdesignedto improvethetofthevehicle’ssafetybeltsystem.Some boosterseatshaveashoulderbeltpositioner,and somehigh-backboosterseatshaveave-pointharness. Aboosterseatcanalsohelpachildtoseeoutthe window.Q:HowShouldIUseaChildRestraint?A:Achildrestraintsystemisanydevicedesignedfor useinamotorvehicletorestrain,seat,orposition children.Abuilt-inchildrestraintsystemisa permanentpartofthemotorvehicle.Anadd-on childrestraintsystemisaportableone,which ispurchasedbythevehicle’sowner.Tohelpreduce injuries,anadd-onchildrestraintmustbesecured inthevehicle.Withbuilt-inoradd-onchild restraints,thechildhastobesecuredwithinthe childrestraint. Whenchoosinganadd-onchildrestraint,besure thechildrestraintisdesignedtobeusedina vehicle.Ifitis,itwillhavealabelsayingthatit meetsfederalmotorvehiclesafetystandards.Then followtheinstructionsfortherestraint.Youmay ndtheseinstructionsontherestraintitselforina booklet,orboth. 1-39

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SecuringanAdd-onChildRestraintin theVehicle {CAUTION:Achildcanbeseriouslyinjuredorkilledina crashifthechildrestraintisnotproperly securedinthevehicle.Makesurethechild restraintisproperlyinstalledinthevehicle usingthevehicle’ssafetybeltorLATCH system,followingtheinstructionsthatcame withthatrestraint,andalsotheinstructionsin thismanual. Tohelpreducethechanceofinjury,thechildrestraint mustbesecuredinthevehicle.Childrestraintsystems mustbesecuredinvehicleseatsbylapbeltsorthe lapbeltportionofalap-shoulderbelt,orbytheLATCH system.See LowerAnchorsandTethersforChildren (LATCH)onpage1-44 formoreinformation.Achildcan beendangeredinacrashifthechildrestraintisnot properlysecuredinthevehicle. Whensecuringanadd-onchildrestraint,refertothe instructionsthatcomewiththerestraintwhichmaybeon therestraintitselforinabooklet,orboth,andtothis manual.Thechildrestraintinstructionsareimportant,so iftheyarenotavailable,obtainareplacementcopy fromthemanufacturer. Keepinmindthatanunsecuredchildrestraintcan movearoundinacollisionorsuddenstopandinjure peopleinthevehicle.Besuretoproperlysecure anychildrestraintinyourvehicle—evenwhennochild isinit. 1-40

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SecuringtheChildWithintheChild RestraintThereareseveralsystemsforsecuringthechildwithin thechildrestraint.Onesystem,thethree-point harness,hasstrapsthatcomedownovereachofthe infant’sshouldersandbuckletogetheratthecrotch.The ve-pointharnesssystemhastwoshoulderstraps, twohipstraps,andacrotchstrap.Ashieldmaytakethe placeofhipstraps.AT-shapedshieldhasshoulder strapsthatareattachedtoaatpadwhichrests lowagainstthechild’sbody.Ashelf-orarmrest-type shieldhasstrapsthatareattachedtoawide,shelf-like shieldthatswingsuportotheside. {CAUTION:Achildcanbeseriouslyinjuredorkilledina crashifthechildisnotproperlysecuredinthe childrestraint.Makesurethechildisproperly secured,followingtheinstructionsthatcame withthatrestraint. Becausetherearedifferentsystems,itisimportantto refertotheinstructionsthatcomewiththerestraint. Achildcanbeendangeredinacrashifthechildisnot properlysecuredinthechildrestraint. 1-41

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WheretoPuttheRestraintAccidentstatisticsshowthatchildrenaresaferifthey arerestrainedintherearratherthanthefrontseat. Werecommendthatchildrestraintsbesecuredinarear seatincludinganinfantridinginarear-facinginfant seat,achildridinginaforward-facingchildseatandan olderchildridinginaboosterseat. Yourvehiclemayhavealabelonyoursunvisorthat says,“Neverputarear-facingchildseatinthe front.”Thisisbecausetherisktotherear-facingchildis sogreat,iftheairbagdeploys. Neverputachildinarear-facingchildrestraintinthe rightfrontpassengerseatunlessyourvehiclehas thepassengersensingsystemoranairbagoffswitch andthepassengerairbagstatusindicatororthe airbagofflightshowsoff.Neverputarearfacingchild restraintintherightfrontpassengerseatunlessthe airbagisoff. Hereiswhy: {CAUTION:Achildinarear-facingchildrestraintcanbe seriouslyinjuredorkillediftherightfront passenger’sairbaginates.Thisisbecause thebackoftherear-facingchildrestraint wouldbeveryclosetotheinatingairbag.Be suretheairbagisoffbeforeusingarear-facing childrestraintintherightfrontseatposition. Eventhoughthepassengersensingsystemor airbagoffswitcharedesignedtoturnoffthe passenger’sfrontalairbagundercertain conditions,nosystemisfail-safe,andnoone canguaranteethatanairbagwillnotdeploy undersomeunusualcircumstance,even thoughitisturnedoff.GeneralMotors recommendsthatrear-facingchildrestraints betransportedinvehicleswitharearseatthat willaccommodatearear-facingchildrestraint, wheneverpossible. CAUTION:(Continued) 1-42

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CAUTION:(Continued)Ifyouneedtosecureaforward-facingchild restraintintherightfrontseat,alwaysmove thefrontpassengerseatasfarbackasitwill go.Itisbettertosecurethechildrestraintina rearseat. {CAUTION:Achildinachildrestraintinthecenterfront seatcanbebadlyinjuredorkilledbytheright frontpassenger’sairbagifitinates.Never secureachildrestraintinthecenterfrontseat. Itisalwaysbettertosecureachildrestraintin therearseat. Donotusechildrestraintsinthecenterfrontseat position.Therestraintswillnotworkproperly. Thereislimitedspaceintherearseatingareaofan extendedcabmodel.Ifyouwanttosecureachild restraintinarearseatingpositionofanextendedcab model,especiallyintherearcenterposition,be suretostudytheinstructionsthatcamewithyourchild restrainttoseeifthereisenoughroomtosecure yourseatproperly. Ifyourvehiclehasthepassengersensingsystemorthe airbagoffswitchandyouneedtosecurearear-facing childrestraintintherightfrontpassenger’sseat, thepassenger’sfrontalairbagmustbeoff.See PassengerSensingSystemonpage1-80 AirbagOff Switchonpage1-77 SecuringaChildRestraintin theRightFrontSeatPosition(RegularandExtended Cab)(WithAirbagOffSwitch)onpage1-60 or Securing aChildRestraintintheRightFrontSeatPosition (RegularandExtendedCab)(WithPassengerSensing System)onpage1-65 formoreonthisincluding importantsafetyinformation. Whereveryouinstallachildrestraint,besuretosecure thechildrestraintproperly. Keepinmindthatanunsecuredchildrestraintcan movearoundinacollisionorsuddenstopandinjure peopleinthevehicle.Besuretoproperlysecure anychildrestraintinyourvehicle—evenwhennochild isinit. 1-43

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LowerAnchorsandTethersfor Children(LATCH)YourvehiclehastheLATCHsystem.TheLATCH systemholdsachildrestraintduringdrivingorina crash.Thissystemisdesignedtomakeinstallationofa childrestrainteasier.TheLATCHsystemuses anchorsinthevehicleandattachmentsonthechild restraintthataremadeforusewiththeLATCHsystem MakesurethataLATCH-compatiblechildrestraint isproperlyinstalledusingtheanchors,orusethe vehicle’ssafetybeltstosecuretherestraint,following theinstructionsthatcamewiththatrestraint,and alsotheinstructionsinthismanual.Wheninstallinga childrestraintwithatoptether,youmustalsouseeither theloweranchorsorthesafetybeltstoproperly securethechildrestraint.Achildrestraintmustnever beinstalledusingonlythetoptetherandanchor. InordertousetheLATCHsysteminyourvehicle,you needachildrestraintequippedwithLATCH attachments.Thechildrestraintmanufacturerwill provideyouwithinstructionsonhowtousethechild restraintanditsattachments.Thefollowingexplainshow toattachachildrestraintwiththeseattachmentsin yourvehicle. Yourvehicle,exceptforregularcabmodels,haslower anchorsandtoptetheranchors.Yourchildrestraint mayhavelowerattachmentsandatoptether. Notallvehicleseatingpositionsorchildrestraintshave loweranchorsandattachmentsortoptetheranchors andattachments.LowerAnchorsLoweranchors(A)aremetalbarsbuiltintothevehicle. TherearetwoloweranchorsforeachLATCHseating positionthatwillaccommodateachildrestraintwith lowerattachments(B). 1-44

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TopTetherAnchorAtoptether(A,C)anchorsthetopofthechildrestraint tothevehicle.Atoptetheranchorisbuiltintothe vehicle.Thetoptetherattachment(B)onthechild restraintconnectstothetoptetheranchorinthevehicle inordertoreducetheforwardmovementandrotation ofthechildrestraintduringdrivingorinacrash. Yourchildrestraintmayhaveasingletether(A)ora dualtether(C).Eitherwillhaveasingleattachment(B) tosecurethetoptethertotheanchor. Sometoptether-equippedchildrestraintsaredesigned forusewithorwithoutthetoptetherbeingattached. Othersrequirethetoptetheralwaystobeattached.In Canada,thelawrequiresthatforward-facingchild restraintshaveatoptether,andthatthetetherbe attached.IntheUnitedStates,somechildrestraintsalso haveatoptether.Besuretoreadandfollowthe instructionsforyourchildrestraint. Ifthechildrestraintdoesnothaveatoptether,onecan beobtained,inkitform,formanychildrestraints.Ask thechildrestraintmanufacturerwhetherornotakit isavailable. 1-45

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LowerAnchorandTopTetherAnchor Locationsi(TopTetherAnchor): Seatingpositionswithtop tetheranchors.i(TopTetherAnchor): Seatingpositionswithtop tetheranchors.Donot installachildrestraintin thecenterseatposition. See SecuringaChild RestraintintheCenter FrontSeatPosition onpage1-56 formore information.i(TopTetherAnchor): Seatingpositionswithtop tetheranchors.j(LowerAnchor): Seatingpositionswithtwo loweranchors.i(TopTetherAnchor): Seatingpositionswithtop tetheranchors.j(LowerAnchor): Seatingpositionswith twoloweranchors. RegularCab—Bucket RegularCab—Bench ExtendedCab CrewCab 1-46

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Forcrewcabmodels,therearpassengersideand centerseatingpositionshaveexposedmetallower anchorslocatedinthecreasebetweentheseatbackand theseatcushion. Forextendedcabmodels,therearoutboardseating positionshaveexposedmetalloweranchorslocatedin thecreasebetweentheseatbackandtheseat cushion. Forregularandcrewcab models,thereisananchor symbolonthetrim coverstoassistyouin locatingthetoptether anchors. Forregularcabmodelswithabenchseat,thetoptether anchorsarelocatedundertrimcoversontheback panelbehindthecenterandpassengerseats.Donot installachildrestraintinthecenterseatposition. See SecuringaChildRestraintintheCenterFrontSeat Positiononpage1-56 formoreinformation.For regularcabmodelswithbucketseats,thetoptether anchorislocatedunderatrimcoversonthebackpanel behindthepassengerseat.Removethetrimplugto accesstheanchor. RegularCab 1-47

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Forextendedcabmodels,thetoptetheranchorsare locatednearthetopoftheseatbackforeachrear seatingposition.Inadditiontothetoptetheranchors, eachseatingpositionhasafabricloopatthetopofthe seatbackthatyouwillusetoroutethetoptether through.Besuretouseananchorlocatedonthesame sideofthevehicleastheseatingpositionwherethe childrestraintwillbeplaced. Forcrewcabmodels,therearecoveredtoptether anchorsforeachseatingpositionlocatedontheback panelofyourvehicle,behindtherearseat.Removethe trimcoverstoaccesstheanchors. Donotsecureachildrestraintinthefrontpassenger’s positionifyourvehiclehasrearseats,ifanational orlocallawrequiresthatthetoptetherbeattached,orif theinstructionsthatcomewiththechildrestraintsay thatthetoptethermustbeattached.Thereisnoplace toattachthetoptetherinthisposition. ExtendedCab CrewCab 1-48

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Accidentstatisticsshowthatchildrenaresaferifthey arerestrainedintherearratherthanthefrontseat.See WheretoPuttheRestraintonpage1-42 foradditional information.SecuringaChildRestraintDesignedfor theLATCHSystem {CAUTION:IfaLATCH-typechildrestraintisnotattached toanchors,therestraintwillnotbeableto protectthechildcorrectly.Inacrash,thechild couldbeseriouslyinjuredorkilled.Makesure thataLATCH-typechildrestraintisproperly installedusingtheanchors,orusethe vehicle’ssafetybeltstosecuretherestraint, followingtheinstructionsthatcamewiththat restraint,andalsotheinstructionsinthis manual. {CAUTION:Eachtoptetheranchor,exceptthecentertop tetheranchorinanextendedcabmodel,and loweranchorsinthevehiclearedesignedto holdonlyonechildrestraint.Attachingmore thanonechildrestrainttoasingleanchor couldcausetheanchororattachmenttocome looseorevenbreakduringacrash.Achildor otherscouldbeinjuredifthishappens.To helppreventinjurytopeopleanddamageto yourvehicle,attachonlyonechildrestraintper anchor. 1-49

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RegularCabModels1.Ifthechildrestraintmanufacturerrecommendsthat thetoptetherbeattached,attachandtightenthe toptethertothetoptetheranchor,ifequipped. Refertothechildrestraintinstructionsand thefollowingsteps: 1.1.Pullthepassengerseatbackforwardby pullingthereclinerhandleupwardtoaccess thetoptetheranchor.See Reclining Seatbacksonpage1-6 foradditional information. 1.2.Findthetoptetheranchor. 1.3.Removethetrimcovertoexposetheanchor. 1.4.Route,attachandtightenthetoptether accordingtoyourchildrestraintinstructions andthefollowinginstructions: Ifthepositionyouare usingdoesnothavea headrestraintandyouare usingasingletether, routethetetheroverthe seatback. Ifthepositionyouare usingdoesnothavea headrestraintandyouare usingadualtether, routethetetheroverthe seatback. Ifthepositionyouare usinghasanadjustable headrestraintandyouare usingadualtether, routethetetheraroundthe headrestraint. Ifthepositionyouare usinghasanadjustable headrestraintandyouare usingasingletether, raisetheheadrestraint androutethetetherunder theheadrestraintand inbetweenthehead restraintposts. 1-50

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2.See SecuringaChildRestraintintheRightFront SeatPosition(RegularandExtendedCab)(With AirbagOffSwitch)onpage1-60 or SecuringaChild RestraintintheRightFrontSeatPosition(Regular andExtendedCab)(WithPassengerSensing System)onpage1-65 forinstructionsoninstalling thechildrestraintusingthesafetybelts. 3.Pushandpullthechildrestraintindifferent directionstobesureitissecure.ExtendedCabModels1.Attachandtightenthelowerattachmentstothe loweranchors.Ifthechildrestraintdoesnothave lowerattachmentsorthedesiredseatingposition doesnothaveloweranchors,securethechild restraintwiththetoptetherandthesafetybelts. Refertoyourchildrestraintmanufacturer instructionsandtheinstructionsinthismanual. 1.1.Findtheloweranchorsforthedesired seatingposition. 1.2.Putthechildrestraintontheseat. 1.3.Attachandtightenthelowerattachmentson thechildrestrainttotheloweranchors. 2.Ifthechildrestraintmanufacturerrecommendsthat thetoptetherbeattached,attachandtightenthe toptethertothetoptetheranchor,ifequipped. Refertothechildrestraintinstructionsand thefollowingsteps: 2.1.Whenusingachildrestraintwithatoptether inthereardriver’ssideposition,raisethe headrestraintandroutethetoptether throughthefabricloopandunderthecenter shoulderbelt.Then,attachthetoptether tothemetalanchorpointatthecenterrear seatingposition. 1-51

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2.2.Whenusingachildrestraintwithatoptether intherearpassengerposition,raisethe headrestraintandroutethetoptether throughthefabricloop.Then,attachthetop tethertothemetalanchorpointatthe centerrearseatingposition. 2.3.Whenusingachildrestraintwithatoptether intherearcenterposition,routethetop tetherthroughthefabricloop.Then,raisethe headrestraintonthepassengersideand attachthetoptethertothemetalanchor pointlocatedattherearpassengerposition. 2.4.Tightenthetoptetherwhenandasthechild restraintmanufacturer’sinstructionssay. 3.Pushandpullthechildrestraintindifferent directionstobesureitissecure.CrewCabModels1.Ifthechildrestraintmanufacturerrecommendsthat thetoptetherbeattached,attachandtightenthe toptethertothetoptetheranchor,ifequipped. Refertothechildrestraintinstructionsand thefollowingsteps: 1.1.Toaccessthetoptetheranchors,raisethe seatcushionbypullinguponthestraploop attherearoftheseatcushionandfold theseatcushionforward.Thenfold theseatbackforward.See RearSeat Operation(ExtendedCab)onpage1-9 or RearSeatOperation(CrewCab)on page1-10 foradditionalinformation. 1.2.Placethechildrestraintinthevehicle,near theseatingpositionthatyouareusing. 1.3.Routethetoptetheraccordingtoyourchild restraintinstructionsandthefollowing instructions: Ifthepositionyouare usingdoesnothavea headrestraintandyouare usingasingletether, routethetetheroverthe seatback. 1-52

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Ifthepositionyouare usingdoesnothavea headrestraintandyouare usingadualtether, routethetetheroverthe seatback. Ifthepositionyouare usinghasanadjustable headrestraintandyouare usingadualtether, routethetetheraroundthe headrestraint. Ifthepositionyouareusing hasanadjustablehead restraintandyouareusing asingletether,raisethe headrestraintandroutethe tetherunderthehead restraintandinbetweenthe headrestraintposts. 1.4.Removethetrimcovertoexposethetop tetheranchor. 1.5.Attachthetoptetherattachmenttothetop tetheranchor. {CAUTION:Iftheseatbackisnotlocked,itcouldmove forwardinasuddenstoporcrash.Thatcould causeinjurytothepersonsittingthere.Always pushandpullontheseatbacktobesureitis locked. 1.6.Lifttheseatbackupandpushitrearward. Thenlowertheseatcushionuntilthe seatbackandtheseatcushionlockinto position. 2.Attachandtightenthelowerattachmentstothe loweranchors.Ifthechildrestraintdoesnothave lowerattachmentsorthedesiredseatingposition doesnothaveloweranchors,securethechild restraintwiththetoptetherandthesafetybelts. Refertoyourchildrestraintmanufacturer instructionsandtheinstructionsinthismanual. 2.1.Findtheloweranchorsforthedesired seatingposition. 2.2.Putthechildrestraintontheseat. 2.3.Attachandtightenthelowerattachmentson thechildrestrainttotheloweranchors. 3.Tightenthetoptether. 4.Pushandpullthechildrestraintindifferent directionstobesureitissecure. 1-53

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SecuringaChildRestraintinaRear SeatPositionExtendedCabandCrewCabThereislimitedspaceintherearseatingofanextended cabmodel.Ifyouwanttosecureachildrestraintina rearseatingposition,besuretostudytheinstructions thatcamewithyourchildrestrainttoseeifthereis enoughroomtosecureyourseatproperly. IfyourchildrestraintisequippedwiththeLATCH system,see LowerAnchorsandTethersforChildren (LATCH)onpage1-44 IfyourchildrestraintdoesnothavetheLATCHsystem, youwillbeusingthelap-shoulderbelttosecurethe childrestraintinthisposition.Besuretofollowthe instructionsthatcamewiththechildrestraint.Secure thechildinthechildrestraintwhenandasthe instructionssay. 1.Putthechildrestraintontheseat. 2.Pickupthelatchplateandrunthelapandshoulder portionsofthevehicle’ssafetybeltthroughor aroundtherestraint.Thechildrestraintinstructions willshowyouhow. 3.Bucklethebelt.Makesurethereleasebuttonis positionedsoyouwouldbeabletounbucklethe safetybeltquicklyifyoueverhadto. 1-54

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4.Pulltherestoftheshoulderbeltallthewayoutof theretractortosetthelock. 5.Totightenthebelt,pushdownonthechildrestraint, pulltheshoulderportionofthebelttotightenthe lapportionofthebeltandfeedtheshoulder beltbackintotheretractor.Ifyouareusinga forward-facingchildrestraint,youmayndithelpful touseyourkneetopushdownonthechild restraintasyoutightenthebelt. 1-55

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6.Ifyourchildrestraintmanufacturerrecommends usingatoptether,attachandtightenthetop tethertothetoptetheranchor.Refertothe instructionsthatcamewiththechildrestraintandto LowerAnchorsandTethersforChildren(LATCH) onpage1-44 7.Pushandpulltherestraintindifferentdirectionsto besureitissecure. Toremovethechildrestraint,ifthetoptetherisattached toatoptetheranchor,disconnectit.Unbucklethe vehicle’ssafetybeltandletitgobackalltheway.The safetybeltwillmovefreelyagainandbereadyto workforanadultorlargerchildpassenger.SecuringaChildRestraintinthe CenterFrontSeatPosition {CAUTION:Achildinachildrestraintinthecenterfront seatcanbebadlyinjuredorkilledbytheright frontpassenger’sairbagifitinates.Never secureachildrestraintinthecenterfrontseat. Itisalwaysbettertosecureachildrestraintin therearseat. Donotusechildrestraintsinthisposition. 1-56

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SecuringaChildRestraintinthe RightFrontSeatPosition (CrewCab)Yourvehiclehasarightfrontpassengerairbag. Never putarear-facingchildrestraintintherightfront passenger’sseat.Hereiswhy: {CAUTION:Achildinarear-facingchildrestraintcanbe seriouslyinjuredorkillediftherightfront passenger’sairbaginates.Thisisbecause thebackoftherear-facingchildrestraint wouldbeveryclosetotheinatingairbag. Alwayssecurearear-facingchildrestraintina rearseat. Arearseatisasaferplacetosecureaforward-facing childrestraint.Ifyouneedtosecureaforward-facing childrestraintintherightfrontseatposition,see Where toPuttheRestraintonpage1-42 IfyourchildrestraintisequippedwiththeLATCH system,see LowerAnchorsandTethersforChildren (LATCH)onpage1-44 Thereisnotoptetheranchorintherightfront passenger’sposition.Donotsecureachildseatinthis positionifanationalorlocallawrequiresthatthe toptetherbeanchored,oriftheinstructionsthatcome withthechildrestraintsaythatthetoptethermust beanchored.See LowerAnchorsandTethers forChildren(LATCH)onpage1-44 ifyourchildrestraint hasatoptether. Youwillbeusingthelap-shoulderbelttosecurethe restraintinthisposition.Besuretofollowthe instructionsthatcamewiththechildrestraint.Secure thechildinthechildrestraintwhenandasthe instructionssay. 1.Becauseyourvehiclehasarightfrontpassenger’s frontalairbag,alwaysmovetheseatasfarbackas itwillgobeforesecuringaforward-facingchild restraint.See ManualSeatsonpage1-3 or Power Seatsonpage1-4 2.Putthechildrestraintontheseat. 3.Pickupthelatchplate,andrunthelapandshoulder portionsofthevehicle’ssafetybeltthroughor aroundtherestraint.Thechildrestraintinstructions willshowyouhow. 1-57

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4.Bucklethebelt.Makesurethereleasebuttonis positionedsoyouwouldbeabletounbucklethe safetybeltquicklyifyoueverhadto. 5.Pulltherestoftheshoulderbeltallthewayoutof theretractortosetthelock. 1-58

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6.Totightenthebelt,pushdownonthechildrestraint, pulltheshoulderportionofthebelttotightenthe lapportionofthebeltandfeedtheshoulder beltbackintotheretractor.Ifyouareusinga forward-facingchildrestraint,youmayndithelpful touseyourkneetopushdownonthechild restraintasyoutightenthebelt.Youshouldnotbe abletopullmoreofthebeltoutoftheretractor oncethelockhasbeenset. 7.Pushandpullthechildrestraintindifferent directionstobesureitissecure. Toremovethechildrestraint,justunbucklethevehicle’s safetybeltandletitgobackalltheway.Thesafety beltwillmovefreelyagainandbereadytoworkforan adultorlargerchildpassenger. 1-59

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SecuringaChildRestraintinthe RightFrontSeatPosition(Regular andExtendedCab)(WithAirbag OffSwitch)Yourvehiclehasarightfrontpassengerairbag. Ifyourinstrumentpanelhasoneoftheswitchespictured inthefollowingillustrations,yourvehiclehasan airbagoffswitchthatyoucanusetoturnofftheright frontpassenger’sairbag. Yourswitchmayvaryslightly.See AirbagOffSwitchon page1-77 formoreonthis,includingimportantsafety informationandillustrationsofalternateswitchdesigns. {CAUTION:Achildinarear-facingchildrestraintcanbe seriouslyinjuredorkilledifthepassenger’s airbaginates.Thisisbecausethebackofthe rear-facingchildrestraintwouldbeveryclose totheinatingairbag.Donotusearear-facing childrestraintinthisvehicleunlessthe passenger’sairbaghasbeenturnedoff. Eventhoughtheairbagoffswitchisdesigned toturnoffthepassenger’sfrontalairbag,no systemisfail-safe,andnoonecanguarantee thatanairbagwillnotdeployundersome unusualcircumstance,eventhoughitisturned off.Werecommendthatrear-facingchild restraintsbetransportedinvehicleswitha rearseatthatwillaccommodatearear-facing childrestraint,wheneverpossible. Ifyouneedtosecureaforward-facingchild restraintintherightfrontstaticseatorthe rightfrontbenchseat,alwaysmovethe passengerseatasfarbackasitwillgo. UnitedStates Canada 1-60

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Neverputarearfacingchildrestraintintherightfront passenger’sseatunlesstheairbagisoff.Hereiswhy: {CAUTION:Achildinarear-facingchildrestraintcanbe seriouslyinjuredorkillediftherightfront passenger’sairbaginates.Thisisbecause thebackoftherear-facingchildrestraint wouldbeveryclosetotheinatingairbag.Be suretheairbagisoffbeforeusingarear-facing childrestraintintherightfrontseatposition.If yousecureaforward-facingchildrestraintin therightfrontseat,alwaysmovetherightfront passengerseatasfarbackasitwillgo. Arearseatisasaferplacetosecureaforwardfacing childrestraint.See WheretoPuttheRestrainton page1-42 .Ifyouneedtosecureaforward-facingchild restraintintherightfrontseatposition,movethe seatasfarbackasitwillgobeforesecuringa forward-facingchildrestraint.See ManualSeatson page1-3 or PowerSeatsonpage1-4 {CAUTION:Iftheairbagreadinesslightintheinstrument panelclusterevercomesonwhenyouhave turnedofftheairbag,itmeansthatsomething maybewrongwiththeairbagsystem.The rightfrontpassenger’sairbagcouldinate eventhoughtheswitchisoff.Ifthisever happens,havethevehicleservicedpromptly. Untilyouhavethevehicleserviced,donotlet anyonewhomthenationalgovernmenthas identiedasamemberofapassengerairbag riskgroupsitintherightfrontpassenger’s position(forexample,donotsecurea rear-facingchildrestraintintherightfront passenger’sseat).See AirbagOffSwitchon page1-77 IfyourchildrestraintisequippedwiththeLATCH system,see LowerAnchorsandTethersforChildren (LATCH)onpage1-44 1-61

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Ifyourvehiclehasarearseat,thereisnotoptether anchorattherightfrontseatingposition.Donotsecure achildseatinthispositionifanationalorlocallaw requiresthatthetoptetherbeanchoredorifthe instructionsthatcomewiththechildrestraintsaythat thetoptethermustbeanchored.See LowerAnchors andTethersforChildren(LATCH)onpage1-44 if thechildrestrainthasatoptether. Youwillbeusingthelap-shoulderbelttosecurethe childrestraintinthisposition.Besuretofollowthe instructionsthatcamewiththechildrestraint.Secure thechildinthechildrestraintwhenandasthe instructionssay. 1.Yourvehiclehasarightfrontpassenger’sfrontal airbag.See AirbagOffSwitchonpage1-77 .If yourchildrestraintisforward-facing,movetheseat asfarbackasitwillgobeforesecuringthe restraintinthisseat.See ManualSeatsonpage1-3 or PowerSeatsonpage1-4 .Ifyouneedtousea rear-facingchildrestraintinthisseat,makesurethe airbagisoffoncethechildrestrainthasbeen installed. Whentheairbagoffswitchhasturnedofftheright frontpassenger’sfrontalairbag,theoffindicator intheairbagofflightshouldlightandstaylitwhen youturntheignitiontoRUNorSTART.See AirbagOffLightonpage3-34 2.Putthechildrestraintontheseat. 3.Pickupthelatchplate,andrunthelapandshoulder portionsofthevehicle’ssafetybeltthroughor aroundtherestraint.Thechildrestraintinstructions willshowyouhow. 4.Bucklethebelt.Makesurethereleasebuttonis positionedsoyouwouldbeabletounbucklethe safetybeltquicklyifyoueverhadto. 1-62

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5.Pulltherestoftheshoulderbeltallthewayoutof theretractortosetthelock. 6.Totightenthebelt,pushdownonthechildrestraint, pulltheshoulderbelttotightenthelapbeltportion andfeedtheshoulderbeltbackintotheretractor. Ifyouareusingaforward-facingchildrestraint,you mayndithelpfultouseyourkneetopush downonthechildrestraintasyoutightenthebelt. Youshouldnotbeabletopullmoreofthebelt outoftheretractoroncethelockhasbeenset. 1-63

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7.Ifyourchildrestraintmanufacturerrecommends usingatoptether,andthepositionyouareusing hasatoptetheranchor,attachandtightenthe toptethertothetoptetheranchor.Referto theinstructionsthatcamewiththechildrestraint andto LowerAnchorsandTethersforChildren (LATCH)onpage1-44 8.Pushandpullthechildrestraintindifferent directionstobesureitissecure. Toremovethechildrestraint,ifthetoptetherisattached tothetoptetheranchor,disconnectit.Unbucklethe vehicle’ssafetybeltandletitgobackalltheway.The safetybeltwillmovefreelyagainandbereadyto workforanadultorlargerchildpassenger. Ifyouhadturnedtheairbagoffwiththeswitch, remembertobesuretousetheairbagoffswitchtoturn ontherightfrontpassenger’sairbagwhenyouremove thechildrestraintfromthevehicleunlesstheperson whowillbesittingthereisamemberofapassenger airbagriskgroup.See AirbagOffSwitchonpage1-77 {CAUTION:Iftherightfrontpassenger’sairbagisturned offforapersonwhoisnotinariskgroup identiedbythenationalgovernment,that personwillnothavetheextraprotectionofan airbag.Inacrash,theairbagwillnotbeableto inateandhelpprotectthepersonsitting there.Donotturnoffthepassenger’sairbag unlessthepersonsittingthereisinarisk group.See AirbagOffSwitchonpage1-77 for moreonthis,includingimportantsafety information. 1-64

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SecuringaChildRestraintinthe RightFrontSeatPosition(Regular andExtendedCab)(WithPassenger SensingSystem)Yourvehiclehasarightfrontpassengerairbag.Arear seatisasaferplacetosecureaforward-facingchild restraint.See WheretoPuttheRestraintonpage1-42 Ifyourrearviewmirrorhasoneoftheindicators picturedinthefollowingillustrations,yourvehiclehasa passengersensingsystem. Thepassengersensingsystemisdesignedtoturnoff therightfrontpassenger’sfrontalairbagwhenaninfant inarear-facinginfantseatorasmallchildina forward-facingchildrestraintorboosterseatisdetected. See PassengerSensingSystemonpage1-80 and PassengerAirbagStatusIndicatoronpage3-36 formoreinformationonthisincludingimportantsafety information. UnitedStates Canada 1-65

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Yourvehiclemayhavealabelonyoursunvisorthat says,“Neverputarear-facingchildseatinthe front.”Thisisbecausetherisktotherear-facingchildis sogreat,iftheairbagdeploys. {CAUTION:Achildinarear-facingchildrestraintcanbe seriouslyinjuredorkillediftherightfront passenger’sairbaginates.Thisisbecause thebackoftherear-facingchildrestraint wouldbeveryclosetotheinatingairbag. Eventhoughthepassengersensingsystemis designedtoturnoffthepassenger’sfrontal airbagifthesystemdetectsarear-facingchild restraint,nosystemisfail-safe,andnoone canguaranteethatanairbagwillnotdeploy undersomeunusualcircumstance,even thoughitisturnedoff.Werecommendthat rear-facingchildrestraintsbesecuredinthe rearseat,eveniftheairbagisoff. Neverputachildinarear-facingchildrestraintintheright frontpassengerseattheunlesspassengerairbagstatus indicatorshowsoff.Neverputarearfacingchildrestraint intherightfrontpassengerseatunlesstheairbagisoff. Hereiswhy: {CAUTION:Achildinarear-facingchildrestraintcanbe seriouslyinjuredorkillediftherightfront passenger’sairbaginates.Thisisbecause thebackoftherearfacingchildrestraint wouldbeveryclosetotheinatingairbag.Be suretheairbagisoffbeforeusingarear-facing childrestraintintherightfrontseatposition. Eventhoughthepassengersensingsystemis designedtoturnoffthepassenger’sfrontal airbagifthesystemdetectsarear-facingchild restraint,nosystemisfail-safe,andnoone canguaranteethatanairbagwillnotdeploy undersomeunusualcircumstance,even thoughitisturnedoff.Werecommendthat rear-facingchildrestraintsbetransportedin vehicleswitharearseatthatwill accommodatearear-facingchildrestraint, wheneverpossible. 1-66

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Ifyouneedtosecureaforward-facingchildrestraintin therightfrontseatposition,movetheseatasfar backasitwillgobeforesecuringtheforward-facing childrestraint.See PowerSeatsonpage1-4 or Manual Seatsonpage1-3 IfyourchildrestraintisequippedwiththeLATCH system,see LowerAnchorsandTethersforChildren (LATCH)onpage1-44 Ifyourvehiclehasarearseat,thereisnotoptether anchorattherightfrontseatingposition.Donotsecure achildseatinthispositionifanationalorlocallaw requiresthatthetoptetherbeanchoredorifthe instructionsthatcomewiththechildrestraintsaythat thetoptethermustbeanchored.See LowerAnchors andTethersforChildren(LATCH)onpage1-44 if thechildrestrainthasatoptether. Youwillbeusingthelap-shoulderbelttosecurethe childrestraintinthisposition.Besuretofollowthe instructionsthatcamewiththechildrestraint.Secure thechildinthechildrestraintwhenandasthe instructionssay. 1.Yourvehiclehasarightfrontpassenger’sfrontal airbag.See PassengerSensingSystemon page1-80 .GeneralMotorsrecommendsthat rear-facingchildrestraintsbesecuredinarearseat, eveniftheairbagisoff.Ifyourchildrestraintis forward-facing,movetheseatasfarbackasitwill gobeforesecuringthechildrestraintinthis seat.See PowerSeatsonpage1-4 or Manual Seatsonpage1-3 Whenthepassengersensingsystemhasturnedoff therightfrontpassenger’sfrontalairbag,theoff indicatorinthepassengerairbagstatusindicator shouldlightandstaylitwhenyouturntheignitionto RUNorSTART.See PassengerAirbagStatus Indicatoronpage3-36 2.Putthechildrestraintontheseat. 3.Pickupthelatchplate,andrunthelapandshoulder portionsofthevehicle’ssafetybeltthroughor aroundtherestraint.Thechildrestraintinstructions willshowyouhow. 1-67

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4.Bucklethebelt.Makesurethereleasebuttonis positionedsoyouwouldbeabletounbucklethe safetybeltquicklyifyoueverhadto. 5.Pulltherestoftheshoulderbeltallthewayoutof theretractortosetthelock. 1-68

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6.Totightenthebelt,pushdownonthechildrestraint, pulltheshoulderportionofthebelttotightenthe lapportionofthebeltandfeedtheshoulder beltbackintotheretractor.Ifyouareusinga forward-facingchildrestraint,youmayndithelpful touseyourkneetopushdownonthechild restraintasyoutightenthebelt.Youshouldnotbe abletopullmoreofthebeltfromtheretractor oncethelockhasbeenset. 7.Ifyourchildrestraintmanufacturerrecommends usingatoptether,andthepositionyouareusing hasatoptetheranchor,attachandtightenthe toptethertothetoptetheranchor. Refertotheinstructionsthatcamewiththechild restraintandto LowerAnchorsandTethers forChildren(LATCH)onpage1-44 8.Pushandpullthechildrestraintindifferent directionstobesureitissecure. 9.Ifyourvehiclehasapassengersensingsystemand theairbagisoff,theoffindicatorintheinside rearviewmirrorwillbelitandstaylitwhenthekey isturnedtoRUNorSTART. Ifachildrestrainthasbeeninstalledandtheon indicatorislit,turnthevehicleoff.Removethechild restraintfromthevehicleandreinstallthechildrestraint. Ifafterreinstallingthechildrestraintandrestarting thevehicle,theonindicatorisstilllit,checktomake surethatthevehicle’sseatbackisnotpressingthechild restraintintotheseatcushion.Ifthishappens,slightly reclinethevehicle’sseatbackandadjusttheseat cushionifpossible.Alsomakesurethechildrestraintis nottrappedunderthevehicleheadrestraint.Ifthis happens,adjusttheheadrestraint. Iftheonindicatorisstilllit,securethechildinthechild restraintinarearseatpositioninthevehicleifone isavailableandcheckwithyourdealer. Toremovethechildrestraint,ifthetoptetherisattached tothetoptetheranchor,disconnectit.Unbucklethe vehicle’ssafetybeltandletitgobackalltheway.The safetybeltwillmovefreelyagainandbereadyto workforanadultorlargerchildpassenger. 1-69

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AirbagSystemYourvehiclehasanairbagforthedriverandanairbag fortherightfrontpassenger. Frontalairbagsaredesignedtohelpreducetheriskof injuryfromtheforceofaninatingfrontalairbag. Buttheseairbagsmustinateveryquicklytodotheir jobandcomplywithfederalregulations. Herearethemostimportantthingstoknowaboutthe airbagsystem: {CAUTION:Youcanbeseverelyinjuredorkilledinacrash ifyouarenotwearingyoursafetybelt—evenif youhaveairbags.Wearingyoursafetybelt duringacrashhelpsreduceyourchanceof hittingthingsinsidethevehicleorbeingejected fromit.Airbagsare“supplementalrestraints”to thesafetybelts.Airbagsaredesignedtowork withsafetybelts,butdonotreplacethem. Airbagsaredesignedtodeployinmoderateto severefrontalandnearfrontalcrashes. CAUTION:(Continued) CAUTION:(Continued)Theyarenotdesignedtoinateinrollover, rearcrashes,orinmanysidecrashes.And,for someunrestrainedoccupants,airbagsmay providelessprotectioninfrontalcrashesthan moreforcefulairbagshaveprovidedinthe past.Everyoneinyourvehicleshouldweara safetybeltproperly—whetherornotthereis anairbagforthatperson. {CAUTION:Airbagsinatewithgreatforce,fasterthanthe blinkofaneye.Ifyouaretooclosetoan inatingairbag,asyouwouldbeifyouwere leaningforward,itcouldseriouslyinjureyou. Safetybeltshelpkeepyouinpositionbefore andduringacrash.Alwayswearyoursafety belt,evenwithairbags.Thedrivershouldsit asfarbackaspossiblewhilestillmaintaining controlofthevehicle. 1-70

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{CAUTION:Anyonewhoisupagainst,orverycloseto, anyairbagwhenitinatescanbeseriously injuredorkilled.Airbagspluslap-shoulder beltsofferthebestprotectionforadults,but notforyoungchildrenandinfants.Neitherthe vehicle’ssafetybeltsystemnoritsairbag systemisdesignedforthem.Youngchildren andinfantsneedtheprotectionthatachild restraintsystemcanprovide.Alwayssecure childrenproperlyinyourvehicle.Toreadhow, see OlderChildrenonpage1-31 and Infants andYoungChildrenonpage1-33 Thereisanairbag readinesslightonthe instrumentpanelcluster, whichshowstheairbag symbol. Thesystemcheckstheairbagelectricalsystemfor malfunctions.Thelighttellsyouifthereisanelectrical problem.See AirbagReadinessLightonpage3-33 formoreinformation.WhereAretheAirbags?Thedriver’sairbagisinthemiddleofthesteering wheel. 1-71

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Therightfrontpassenger’sairbagisintheinstrument panelonthepassenger’sside. {CAUTION:Ifsomethingisbetweenanoccupantandan airbag,thebagmightnotinateproperlyorit mightforcetheobjectintothatpersoncausing severeinjuryorevendeath.Thepathofan inatingairbagmustbekeptclear.Donotput anythingbetweenanoccupantandanairbag, anddonotattachorputanythingonthe steeringwheelhuboronornearanyother airbagcovering. 1-72

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WhenShouldanAirbagInate?Thedriver’sandrightfrontpassenger’sfrontalairbags aredesignedtoinateinmoderatetoseverefrontal ornear-frontalcrashes.Buttheyaredesignedtoinate onlyiftheimpactexceedsapredetermineddeployment threshold.Deploymentthresholdstakeintoaccount avarietyofdesireddeploymentandnon-deployment eventsandareusedtopredicthowsevereacrash islikelytobeintimefortheairbagstoinateandhelp restraintheoccupants.Whetheryourfrontalairbags willorshoulddeployisnotbasedonhowfastyour vehicleistraveling.Itdependslargelyonwhatyouhit, thedirectionoftheimpactandhowquicklyyour vehicleslowsdown. Frontalairbagsmayinateatdifferentcrashspeeds. Forexample:Ifthevehiclehitsastationaryobject,theairbags couldinateatadifferentcrashspeedthanifthe vehiclehitsamovingobject.Ifthevehiclehitsanobjectthatdeforms,the airbagscouldinateatadifferentcrashspeedthan ifthevehiclehitsanobjectthatdoesnotdeform.Ifthevehiclehitsanarrowobject(likeapole)the airbagscouldinateatadifferentcrashspeed thanifthevehiclehitsawideobject(likeawall).Ifthevehiclegoesintoanobjectatananglethe airbagscouldinateatadifferentcrashspeed thanifthevehiclegoesstraightintotheobject. Thefrontalairbags(driverandrightfrontpassenger)are notintendedtoinateduringvehiclerollovers,rear impacts,orinmanysideimpacts. Inanyparticularcrash,noonecansaywhetheran airbagshouldhaveinatedsimplybecauseofthe damagetoavehicleorbecauseofwhattherepaircosts were.Inationisdeterminedbywhatthevehiclehits, theangleoftheimpact,andhowquicklythevehicle slowsdown. Theairbagsystemisdesignedtoworkproperlyundera widerangeofconditions,includingoff-roadusage. Observesafedrivingspeeds,especiallyonrough terrain.Asalways,wearyoursafetybelt.See Off-Road Drivingonpage4-17 formoretipsonoff-roaddriving. 1-73

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SingleStagevs.DualStageAirbagsDependingontheweightofyourvehicleyouwillhave either“SingleStageAirbags”or“DualStageAirbags”. Vehiclesthathaveapassengersensingsystem alsohavedualstageairbags.Iftherearviewmirrorin yourvehiclehasapassengerairbagstatusindicator printedonit,yourvehiclehasthepassengersensing systemandtherefore,ithasdualstageairbags.If therearviewmirrorinyourvehicledoesnothavea passengerairbagstatusindicatorprintedonit,thenyour vehicledoesnothavethepassengersensingsystem andithassinglestageairbags.See Passenger AirbagStatusIndicatoronpage3-36 or Passenger SensingSystemonpage1-80 .DualStageAirbagsIfyourvehiclehasfrontalairbagswithdualstage deployment,theamountofrestraintwilladjustaccording tocrashseverity.Yourvehicleisequippedwith electronicfrontalsensorswhichhelpthesensingsystem distinguishbetweenamoderateandamoresevere frontalimpact.Formoderatefrontalimpacts,these airbagsinateatalevellessthanfulldeployment.For moreseverefrontalimpacts,fulldeploymentoccurs. Ifthefrontofyourvehiclegoesstraightintoawallthat doesnotmoveordeform,thethresholdlevelforthe reduceddeploymentisabout10to16mph (16to25km/h),andthethresholdlevelforafull deploymentisabout20to30mph(32to48km/h). (Thethresholdlevelcanvary,however,withspecic vehicledesign,sothatitcanbesomewhatabove orbelowthisrange.) Vehicle’swithdualstageairbagsarealsoequippedwith specialsensorswhichenablethesensingsystemto monitorthepositionofboththedriverandpassenger frontseats.Theseatpositionsensorprovides informationwhichisusedtodetermineiftheairbags shoulddeployatareducedleveloratfulldeployment. 1-74

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SingleStageAirbagsIfyourvehiclehasfrontalairbagswithsinglestage deploymentandyourvehiclegoesstraightintoawall thatdoesnotmoveordeform,thethresholdlevel isabout13to16mph(20to25km/h).(Thethreshold levelcanvary,however,withspecicvehicledesign,so thatitcanbesomewhataboveorbelowthisrange.)WhatMakesanAirbagInate?Inanimpactofsufficientseverity,theairbagsensing systemdetectsthatthevehicleisinacrash.The sensingsystemtriggersareleaseofgasfromthe inator,whichinatestheairbag.Theinator,airbag, andrelatedhardwareareallpartoftheairbagmodules insidethesteeringwheelandintheinstrumentpanel infrontoftherightfrontpassenger.HowDoesanAirbagRestrain?Inmoderatetoseverefrontalornear-frontalcollisions, evenbeltedoccupantscancontactthesteeringwheelor theinstrumentpanel.Airbagssupplementtheprotection providedbysafetybelts.Airbagsdistributetheforceof theimpactmoreevenlyovertheoccupant’supperbody, stoppingtheoccupantmoregradually.Butairbagswould nothelpyouinmanytypesofcollisions,including rollovers,rearimpactsandmanysideimpacts,primarily becauseanoccupant’smotionisnottowardthose airbags.Airbagsshouldneverberegardedasanything morethanasupplementtosafetybelts,andthenonlyin moderatetoseverefrontalornear-frontalcollisions. 1-75

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WhatWillYouSeeAfteranAirbag Inates?Afteranairbaginates,itquicklydeates,soquicklythat somepeoplemaynotevenrealizetheairbaginated. Somecomponentsoftheairbagmodule—thesteering wheelhubforthedriver’sairbagortheinstrumentpanel fortherightfrontpassenger’sbag—maybehotfora shorttime.Thepartsofthebagthatcomeintocontact withyoumaybewarm,butnottoohottotouch.Therewill besomesmokeanddustcomingfromtheventsinthe deatedairbags.Airbaginationdoesnotpreventthe driverfromseeingoutofthewindshieldorbeingableto steerthevehicle,nordoesitstoppeoplefromleavingthe vehicle. {CAUTION:Whenanairbaginates,thereisdustinthe air.Thisdustcouldcausebreathingproblems forpeoplewithahistoryofasthmaorother breathingtrouble.Toavoidthis,everyonein thevehicleshouldgetoutassoonasitissafe todoso.Ifyouhavebreathingproblemsbut CAUTION:(Continued) CAUTION:(Continued)cannotgetoutofthevehicleafteranairbag inates,thengetfreshairbyopeninga windoworadoor.Ifyouexperiencebreathing problemsfollowinganairbagdeployment,you shouldseekmedicalattention. Inmanycrashessevereenoughtoinateanairbag, windshieldsarebrokenbyvehicledeformation. Additionalwindshieldbreakagemayalsooccurfromthe rightfrontpassengerairbag.Airbagsaredesignedtoinateonlyonce.Afteran airbaginates,youwillneedsomenewpartsforyour airbagsystem.Ifyoudonotgetthem,theairbag systemwillnotbetheretohelpprotectyouinanother crash.Anewsystemwillincludeairbagmodulesand possiblyotherparts.Theservicemanualforyour vehiclecoverstheneedtoreplaceotherparts.Yourvehicleisequippedwithacrashsensingand diagnosticmodulewhichrecordsinformationaftera crash.See VehicleDataCollectionandEventData Recordersonpage7-9 .Letonlyqualiedtechniciansworkonyourairbag system.Improperservicecanmeanthatyourairbag systemwillnotworkproperly.Seeyourdealerfor service. 1-76

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AirbagOffSwitchIfyourinstrumentpanelhasoneoftheswitches picturedinthefollowingillustrationsyourvehiclehasan airbagoffswitchthatyoucanusetoturnofftheright frontpassenger’sairbag. Thisswitchshouldonlybeturnedtotheoffpositionif thepersonintherightfrontpassenger’spositionis amemberofapassengerriskgroupidentiedbythe nationalgovernmentasfollows:Infant. Aninfant(lessthan1yearold)must rideinthefrontseatbecause: myvehiclehasnorearseat;myvehiclehasarearseattoosmallto accommodatearear-facinginfantseat;ortheinfanthasamedicalconditionwhich,according totheinfant’sphysician,makesitnecessaryforthe infanttorideinthefrontseatsothatthedriver canconstantlymonitorthechild’scondition.Childage1to12. Achildage1to12must rideinthefrontseatbecause: myvehiclehasnorearseat;althoughchildrenages1to12rideintherear seat(s)wheneverpossible,childrenages1to12 sometimesmustrideinthefrontbecausenospace isavailableintherearseat(s)ofmyvehicle;orthechildhasamedicalconditionwhich,according tothechild’sphysician,makesitnecessaryforthe childtorideinthefrontseatsothatthedriver canconstantlymonitorthechild’scondition. UnitedStates Canada 1-77

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MedicalCondition. Apassengerhasa medicalconditionwhich,accordingtohisor herphysician: causesthepassengerairbagtoposeaspecialrisk forthepassenger;andmakesthepotentialharmfromthepassenger airbaginacrashgreaterthanthepotential harmfromturningofftheairbagandallowingthe passenger,evenifbelted,tohitthedashboard orwindshieldinacrash. {CAUTION:Iftherightfrontpassenger’sairbagisturned offforapersonwhoisnotinariskgroup identiedbythenationalgovernment,that personwillnothavetheextraprotectionofan airbag.Inacrash,theairbagwillnotbeableto inateandhelpprotectthepersonsitting there.Donotturnoffthepassenger’sairbag unlessthepersonsittingthereisinarisk group. Toturnofftherightfrontpassenger’sairbag,insertyour ignitionkeyintotheswitch,pushin,andmovethe switchtotheoffposition. UnitedStates Canada 1-78

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Theairbagofflightwillcomeontoletyouknowthatthe rightfrontpassenger’sairbagisoff.Thelightwillstay ontoremindyouthattheairbagisoff.Theright frontpassenger’sairbagwillremainoffuntilyouturnit backon. {CAUTION:Iftheairbagreadinesslightevercomeson whenyouhaveturnedofftheairbag,itmeans thatsomethingmaybewrongwiththeairbag system.Therightfrontpassenger’sairbag couldinateeventhoughtheswitchisoff. Ifyourvehicleisaregularcabpickuporan extendedcabpickupandthiseverhappens, donotletanyonewhomthenational governmenthasidentiedasamemberofa passengerairbagriskgroupsitintheright frontpassenger’sposition(forexample,donot securearear-facingchildrestraintinyour vehicle)untilyouhaveyourvehicleserviced. Toturntherightfrontpassenger’sairbagonagain, insertyourignitionkeyintotheswitch,pushin, andmovetheswitchtotheonposition. UnitedStates Canada 1-79

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PassengerSensingSystemIfyourrearviewmirrorhasoneoftheindicatorspictured inthefollowingillustrations,yourvehiclehasa passengersensingsystem.Theindicatorwillbevisible whenyouturnyourignitionkeytoRUNorSTART. ThewordsONandOFForthesymbolforonandoff, willbevisibleontherearviewmirrorduringthesystem check.Whenthesystemcheckiscomplete,either thewordONorthewordOFF,orthesymbolforonor thesymbolforoffwillbevisible.See Passenger AirbagStatusIndicatoronpage3-36 .Ifyourrearview mirrordoesnothaveeitheroftheindicatorspictured below,thenyourvehicledoesnothavethepassenger sensingsystem. Thepassengersensingsystemwillturnofftheright frontpassenger’sfrontalairbagundercertainconditions. Thedriver’sairbagisnotpartofthepassenger sensingsystem. Thepassengersensingsystemworkswithsensorsthat arepartoftherightfrontpassenger’sseatandsafety belt.Thesensorsaredesignedtodetectthepresenceof aproperlyseatedoccupantanddetermineifthe passenger’sfrontalairbagshouldbeenabled(may inate)ornot. PassengerAirbagStatusIndicator–UnitedStates PassengerAirbagStatusIndicator Š Canada 1-80

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Accidentstatisticsshowthatchildrenaresaferifthey arerestrainedintherearratherthanthefrontseat. GeneralMotorsrecommendsthatchildrestraints besecuredinarearseat,includinganinfantridingina rear-facinginfantseat,achildridinginaforward-facing childseatandanolderchildridinginaboosterseat. Neverputachildinarear-facingchildrestraintin therightfrontpassengerseatunlessthepassenger airbagstatusindicatorshowsoff.Neverputarear-facing childrestraintintherightfrontpassengerseatunless theairbagisoff. Yourvehiclemayhavealabelonyoursunvisorthat says,“Neverputarear-facingchildseatinthe front.”Thisisbecausetherisktotherear-facingchildis sogreat,iftheairbagdeploys. {CAUTION:Achildinarear-facingchildrestraintcanbe seriouslyinjuredorkillediftherightfront passenger’sairbaginates.Thisisbecause thebackoftherear-facingchildrestraint wouldbeveryclosetotheinatingairbag. Eventhoughthepassengersensingsystemis designedtoturnoffthepassenger’sfrontal airbagifthesystemdetectsarear-facingchild restraint,nosystemisfail-safe,andnoone canguaranteethatanairbagwillnotdeploy undersomeunusualcircumstance,even thoughitisturnedoff.Werecommendthat rear-facingchildrestraintsbesecuredinthe rearseat,eveniftheairbagisoff. Ifyouneedtosecureaforward-facingchild restraintintherightfrontseat,alwaysmove thefrontpassengerseatasfarbackasitwill go.Itisbettertosecurethechildrestraintina rearseat. 1-81

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Neverputachildinarear-facingchildrestraintinthe rightfrontpassengerseattheunlesspassenger airbagstatusindicatorshowsoff.Neverputarear facingchildrestraintintherightfrontpassengerseat unlesstheairbagisoff.Hereiswhy: {CAUTION:Achildinarear-facingchildrestraintcanbe seriouslyinjuredorkillediftherightfront passenger’sairbaginates.Thisisbecause thebackoftherear-facingchildrestraint wouldbeveryclosetotheinatingairbag.Be suretheairbagisoffbeforeusingarear-facing childrestraintintherightfrontseatposition. CAUTION:(Continued) CAUTION:(Continued)Eventhoughthepassengersensingsystemis designedtoturnoffthepassenger’sfrontal airbagifthesystemdetectsarear-facingchild restraint,nosystemisfail-safe,andnoone canguaranteethatanairbagwillnotdeploy undersomeunusualcircumstance,even thoughitisturnedoff.Werecommendthat rear-facingchildrestraintsbetransportedin vehicleswitharearseatthatwill accommodatearear-facingchildrestraint, wheneverpossible. Ifyouneedtosecureaforward-facingchild restraintintherightfrontseat,alwaysmove thefrontpassengerseatasfarbackasitwill go.Itisbettertosecurethechildrestraintina rearseat. 1-82

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Thepassengersensingsystemisdesignedtoturnoff therightfrontpassenger’sfrontalairbagif:therightfrontpassengerseatisunoccupiedthesystemdeterminesthataninfantispresentina rear-facinginfantseatthesystemdeterminesthatasmallchildispresent inaforward-facingchildrestraintthesystemdeterminesthatasmallchildispresent inaboosterseatarightfrontpassengertakeshis/herweightoffof theseatforaperiodoftimetherightfrontpassengerseatisoccupiedbya smallerperson,suchasachildwhohasoutgrown childrestraintsorifthereisacriticalproblemwiththeairbag systemorthepassengersensingsystem Whenthepassenger’sfrontalairbaghasbeenturned offbythepassengersensingsystem,theoffindicator willlightandstaylittoremindyouthattheairbagisoff. Ifachildrestrainthasbeeninstalledandtheon indicatorislit,turnthevehicleoff.Removethechild restraintfromthevehicleandreinstallthechildrestraint followingthechildrestraintmanufacturer’sdirections andreferto SecuringaChildRestraintintheRightFront SeatPosition(RegularandExtendedCab)(With PassengerSensingSystem) intheIndex. Ifafterreinstallingthechildrestraintandrestartingthe vehicle,theonindicatorisstilllit,checktomake surethatthevehicle’sseatbackisnotpressingthechild restraintintotheseatcushion.Ifthishappens,slightly reclinethevehicle’sseatbackandadjusttheseat cushionifpossible.Alsomakesurethechildrestraintis nottrappedunderthevehicleheadrestraint.Ifthis happens,adjusttheheadrestraint. Iftheonindicatorisstilllit,securethechildinthechild restraintinarearseatpositioninthevehicleifone isavailableandcheckwithyourdealer. Thepassengersensingsystemisdesignedtoenable (mayinate)therightfrontpassenger’sfrontal airbaganytimethesystemsensesthatapersonofadult sizeissittingproperlyintherightfrontpassenger’s seat.Whenthepassengersensingsystemhasallowed theairbagtobeenabled,theonindicatorwilllight andstaylittoremindyouthattheairbagisactive. Forsomechildrenwhohaveoutgrownchildrestraints andforverysmalladults,thepassengersensingsystem mayormaynotturnofftherightfrontpassenger’s frontalairbag,dependingupontheperson’sseating postureandbodybuild.Everyoneinyourvehiclewho hasoutgrownchildrestraintsshouldwearasafety beltproperly—whetherornotthereisanairbagforthat person. 1-83

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Ifapersonofadult-sizeissittingintherightfront passenger’sseat,buttheoffindicatorislit,itcouldbe becausethatpersonisnotsittingproperlyintheseat.If thishappens,turnthevehicleoffandasktheperson toplacetheseatbackinthefullyuprightposition,thensit uprightintheseat,centeredontheseatcushion,with theperson’slegscomfortablyextended.Restartthe vehicleandhavethepersonremaininthispositionfor abouttwominutes.Thiswillallowthesystemto detectthatpersonandthenenablethepassenger’s airbag. 1-84

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{CAUTION:Iftheairbagreadinesslightintheinstrument panelclusterevercomesonandstayson,it meansthatsomethingmaybewrongwiththe airbagsystem.Ifthiseverhappens,havethe vehicleservicedpromptly,becausean adult-sizepersonsittingintherightfront passenger’sseatmaynothavetheprotection ofthefrontalairbag.See AirbagReadiness Lightonpage3-33 formoreonthis,including importantsafetyinformation. Aftermarketequipment,suchasseatcovers,canaffect howwellthepassengersensingsystemoperates. Youmaywanttoconsidernotusingseatcoversorother aftermarketequipmentifyourvehiclehasthepassenger sensingsystem.See AddingEquipmenttoYour Airbag-EquippedVehicleonpage1-86 formore informationaboutmodicationsthatcanaffecthowthe systemoperates. {CAUTION:Stowingofarticlesunderthepassenger’sseat orbetweenthepassenger’sseatcushionand seatbackmayinterferewiththeproper operationofthepassengersensingsystem. 1-85

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ServicingYourAirbag-Equipped VehicleAirbagsaffecthowyourvehicleshouldbeserviced. Therearepartsoftheairbagsysteminseveralplaces aroundyourvehicle.Youdonotwantthesystemto inatewhilesomeoneisworkingonyourvehicle.Your dealerandtheservicemanualhaveinformation aboutservicingyourvehicleandtheairbagsystem.To purchaseaservicemanual,see ServicePublications OrderingInformationonpage7-14 {CAUTION:Forupto10secondsaftertheignitionkeyis turnedoffandthebatteryisdisconnected,an airbagcanstillinateduringimproperservice. Youcanbeinjuredifyouareclosetoan airbagwhenitinates.Avoidyellow connectors.Theyareprobablypartofthe airbagsystem.Besuretofollowproper serviceprocedures,andmakesuretheperson performingworkforyouisqualiedtodoso. Theairbagsystemdoesnotneedregularmaintenance.AddingEquipmenttoYour Airbag-EquippedVehicleQ:IsthereanythingImightaddtothefrontofthe vehiclethatcouldkeeptheairbagsfrom workingproperly?A:Yes.Ifyouaddthingsthatchangeyourvehicle’s frame,bumpersystem,frontendsheetmetalor height,theymaykeeptheairbagsystemfrom workingproperly.Also,theairbagsystemmaynot workproperlyifyourelocateanyoftheairbag sensors.Ifyouhaveanyquestionsaboutthis,you shouldcontactCustomerAssistancebeforeyou modifyyourvehicle.Thephonenumbersand addressesforCustomerAssistanceareinStepTwo oftheCustomerSatisfactionProcedureinthis manual.See CustomerSatisfactionProcedureon page7-2 1-86

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Q:WhatifIaddedasnowplow?Willitkeepthe airbagsfromworkingproperly?A:Wehavedesignedourairbagsystemstowork properlyunderawiderangeofconditions, includingsnowplowingwithvehiclesequippedwith theoptionalSnowPlowPrepPackage(RPO VYU).Butdonotchangeordefeatthesnowplow’s “trippingmechanism.”Ifyoudo,itcandamage yoursnowplowandyourvehicle,anditmaycause anairbagination.Q:BecauseIhaveadisability,Ihavetogetmy vehiclemodied.HowcanIndoutwhether thiswillaffectmyadvancedairbagsystem?A:Changingormovinganypartsofthefrontseats, safetybelts,theairbagsensinganddiagnostic module(locatedunderthedriver’sseat),or theinsiderearviewmirrorcanaffecttheoperation oftheadvancedairbagsystem.Ifyouhave questions,callCustomerAssistance.Thephone numbersandaddressesforCustomerAssistance areinStepTwooftheCustomerSatisfaction Procedureinthismanual.See Customer SatisfactionProcedureonpage7-2 .RestraintSystemCheckCheckingtheRestraintSystemsNowandthen,makesurethesafetybeltreminderlight andallyourbelts,buckles,latchplates,retractors andanchoragesareworkingproperly.Lookforanyother looseordamagedsafetybeltsystemparts.Ifyousee anythingthatmightkeepasafetybeltsystemfromdoing itsjob,haveitrepaired. Tornorfrayedsafetybeltsmaynotprotectyouina crash.Theycanripapartunderimpactforces.Ifabelt istornorfrayed,getanewonerightaway. Alsolookforanyopenedorbrokenairbagcovers,and havethemrepairedorreplaced.(Theairbagsystem doesnotneedregularmaintenance.) Notice: Ifyoudamagethecoveringforthedriver’s ortherightfrontpassenger’sairbag,theairbag maynotworkproperly.Youmayhavetoreplacethe airbagmoduleinthesteeringwheelorboththe airbagmoduleandtheinstrumentpanelfortheright frontpassenger’sairbag.Donotopenorbreak theairbagcoverings. 1-87

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ReplacingRestraintSystemParts AfteraCrash {CAUTION:Acrashcandamagetherestraintsystemsin yourvehicle.Adamagedrestraintsystemmay notproperlyprotectthepersonusingit, resultinginseriousinjuryorevendeathina crash.Tohelpmakesureyourrestraint systemsareworkingproperlyafteracrash, havetheminspectedandanynecessary replacementsmadeassoonaspossible. Ifyouhavehadacrash,doyouneednewbeltsor LATCHsystemparts? Afteraveryminorcollision,nothingmaybenecessary. Butifthebeltswerestretched,astheywouldbeif wornduringamoreseverecrash,thenyouneed newparts. IftheLATCHsystemwasbeingusedduringamore severecrash,youmayneednewLATCHsystemparts. Ifbeltsarecutordamaged,replacethem.Collision damagealsomaymeanyouwillneedtohaveLATCH system,safetybeltorseatpartsrepairedorreplaced. Newpartsandrepairsmaybenecessaryevenifthebelt orLATCHsystemwasnotbeingusedatthetimeof thecollision. Ifanairbaginates,youwillneedtoreplaceairbag systemparts.Seethepartontheairbagsystemearlier inthissection. 1-88

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Keys .............................................................. .2-3 RemoteKeylessEntrySystem ........................ .2-4 RemoteKeylessEntrySystemOperation .......... .2-5 DoorsandLocks ............................................ .2-8 DoorLocks ................................................... .2-8 PowerDoorLocks ......................................... .2-8 DelayedLocking ............................................ .2-9 ProgrammableAutomaticDoorLocks ............. .2-10 RearDoorSecurityLocks(CrewCab) ............ .2-12 LockoutProtection ....................................... .2-12 RearDoors ................................................. .2-13 Tailgate ...................................................... .2-14 Windows ....................................................... .2-15 ManualWindows ......................................... .2-15 PowerWindows ........................................... .2-16 Swing-OutWindows ..................................... .2-17 SlidingRearWindow .................................... .2-17 SunVisors .................................................. .2-17 Theft-DeterrentSystems ................................. .2-18 ContentTheft-Deterrent ................................ .2-18 Passlock................................................... .2-19 StartingandOperatingYourVehicle ............... .2-20 NewVehicleBreak-In ................................... .2-20 IgnitionPositions ......................................... .2-20 RetainedAccessoryPower(RAP) .................. .2-22 StartingtheEngine ...................................... .2-22 EngineCoolantHeater ................................. .2-23 AutomaticTransmissionOperation .................. .2-24 Tow/HaulMode ........................................... .2-30 ManualTransmissionOperation ..................... .2-32 Four-WheelDrive ......................................... .2-36 ParkingBrake ............................................. .2-49 ShiftingIntoPark(P) (AutomaticTransmission) ........................... .2-50 ShiftingOutofPark(P) (AutomaticTransmission) ........................... .2-52 ParkingYourVehicle (ManualTransmission) .............................. .2-53 ParkingOverThingsThatBurn ...................... .2-53 EngineExhaust ........................................... .2-54 RunningtheEngineWhileParked .................. .2-54 Section2FeaturesandControls 2-1

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Mirrors .......................................................... .2-56 ManualRearviewMirror ................................ .2-56 AutomaticDimmingRearviewMirrorwith OnStarandCompass .............................. .2-56 AutomaticDimmingRearviewMirrorwith OnStar,CompassandTemperature Display ................................................... .2-58 AutomaticDimmingRearviewMirrorwith Compass ................................................ .2-60 AutomaticDimmingRearviewMirrorwith CompassandTemperatureDisplay ............. .2-62 OutsideManualMirrors ................................. .2-64 OutsideCamper-TypeMirrors ........................ .2-65 OutsideWestCoast-TypeMirrors ................... .2-66 OutsidePowerMirrors .................................. .2-66 OutsidePowerFoldawayMirrors .................... .2-67 OutsideAutomaticDimmingMirror ................. .2-68 OutsideCurbViewAssistMirrors ................... .2-68 OutsideConvexMirror .................................. .2-68 OutsideHeatedMirrors ................................. .2-68 OnStarSystem ............................................ .2-69 UniversalHomeRemoteSystem ..................... .2-71 UniversalHomeRemoteSystemOperation ..... .2-72 StorageAreas ............................................... .2-75 GloveBox .................................................. .2-75 Cupholder(s) ............................................... .2-75 Coinholder(s) ............................................... .2-75 FrontStorageArea ...................................... .2-76 CenterConsoleStorageArea ........................ .2-76 TonneauCover ........................................... .2-76 Sunroof ........................................................ .2-78 VehiclePersonalization .................................. .2-79 MemorySeat .............................................. .2-79 Section2FeaturesandControls 2-2

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Keys {CAUTION:Leavingchildreninavehiclewiththeignition keyisdangerousformanyreasons.They couldoperatethepowerwindowsorother controlsorevenmakethevehiclemove.The childrenorotherscouldbebadlyinjuredor evenkilled.Donotleavethekeysinavehicle withchildren. 2-3

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Yourvehiclehasone double-sidedkeyforthe ignitionandalldoor locksaswellasthespare tirehoistlock,ifequipped. Ifyoueverloseyourkeys,yourdealerwillbeableto assistyouwithobtainingreplacements. Notice: Ifyoueverlockyourkeysinyourvehicle, youmayhavetodamagethevehicletogetin. Besureyouhavesparekeys. Ifyoueverdogetlockedoutofyourvehicle,callthe GMRoadsideAssistanceCenter.See Roadside AssistanceProgramonpage7-6 .Ifyourvehicleis equippedwiththeOnStarsystemwithanactive subscriptionandyoulockyourkeysinsidethevehicle, OnStarmaybeabletosendacommandtounlock yourvehicle.See OnStarSystemonpage2-69 formoreinformation.RemoteKeylessEntrySystemIfequipped,theremotekeylessentrysystemoperates onaradiofrequencysubjecttoFederalCommunications Commission(FCC)RulesandwithIndustryCanada. ThisdevicecomplieswithPart15oftheFCCRules. Operationissubjecttothefollowingtwoconditions: 1.Thisdevicemaynotcauseinterference,and 2.Thisdevicemustacceptanyinterferencereceived, includinginterferencethatmaycauseundesired operationofthedevice. ThisdevicecomplieswithRSS-210ofIndustryCanada. Operationissubjecttothefollowingtwoconditions: 1.Thisdevicemaynotcauseinterference,and 2.Thisdevicemustacceptanyinterferencereceived, includinginterferencethatmaycauseundesired operationofthedevice. Changesormodicationstothissystembyotherthan anauthorizedservicefacilitycouldvoidauthorizationto usethisequipment. 2-4

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Attimesyoumaynoticeadecreaseinrange.Thisis normalforanyremotekeylessentrysystem.Ifthe transmitterdoesnotworkorifyouhavetostandcloser toyourvehicleforthetransmittertowork,trythis:Checkthedistance.Youmaybetoofarfromyour vehicle.Youmayneedtostandcloserduring rainyorsnowyweather.Checkthelocation.Othervehiclesorobjectsmay beblockingthesignal.Takeafewstepstothe leftorright,holdthetransmitterhigher,and tryagain.Checktodetermineifbatteryreplacementor resynchronizationisnecessary.See“Battery Replacement”and“Resynchronization”under RemoteKeylessEntrySystemOperationon page2-5 .Ifyouarestillhavingtrouble,seeyourdealerora qualiedtechnicianforservice.RemoteKeylessEntrySystem OperationYoucanlockandunlockyourdoorsfromabout3feet (1m)upto100feet(30m)awayusingtheremote keylessentrytransmittersuppliedwithyourvehicle.K(Unlock): Pressthis buttononcetounlockthe driver’sdoor.The interiorlampswillcome on.Pressingunlockagain withinthreeseconds willcausetheremaining doorstounlock. Youcanchoosedifferentfeedbackoptionsforeach pressoftheunlockbutton.See“LockFeedback”and “UnlockFeedback”under DICVehicleCustomizationon page3-64 formoreinformation. 2-5

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Q(Lock): Pressthisbuttononcetolockallofthe doors.Pressinglockagainwithinthreeseconds maycausethehorntochirpforlockconrmation.You canchoosedifferentfeedbackoptionsforeachpress ofthelockbutton.See“LockFeedback”and“Unlock Feedback”under DICVehicleCustomizationon page3-64 formoreinformation.L(Panic): Pressthisbuttontosoundthehornand ashtheheadlampsandtaillampsforupto30seconds. Paniccanbeturnedoffbypressingthebuttonagain, bywaitingfor30seconds,orbystartingthevehicle.MatchingTransmitter(s)toYour VehicleEachremotekeylessentrytransmitteriscodedto preventanothertransmitterfromunlockingyourvehicle. Ifatransmitterislostorstolen,areplacementcan bepurchasedthroughyourdealer.Remembertobring anyremainingtransmitterswithyouwhenyougoto yourdealer.Whenthedealermatchesthereplacement transmittertoyourvehicle,anyremainingtransmitters mustalsobematched.Onceyourdealerhascodedthe newtransmitter,thelosttransmitterwillnotunlock yourvehicle.Eachvehiclecanhaveamaximumoffour transmittersmatchedtoit.BatteryReplacementUndernormaluse,thebatteryinyourremotekeyless entrytransmittershouldlastabouttwoyears. Youcantellthebatteryisweakifthetransmitterwillnot workatthenormalrangeinanylocation.Ifyouhave togetclosetoyourvehiclebeforethetransmitterworks, itisprobablytimetochangethebattery. Notice: Whenreplacingthebattery,usecarenotto touchanyofthecircuitry.Staticfromyourbody transferredtothesesurfacesmaydamagethe transmitter. 2-6

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Toreplacethebatteryinthekeylessentrytransmitter, dothefollowing: 1.Insertathinobject,suchasacoin,intheslot betweenthecoversofthetransmitterhousing nearthekeyringhole.Removethebottom bytwistingthecoin. 2.Removeandreplacethebatterywitha three-voltCR2032orequivalentbattery,positive(+) sideup. 3.Alignthecoversandsnapthemtogether. 4.Resynchronizethetransmitter.See “Resynchronization”followingthisinformation. 5.Checktheoperationofthetransmitter.ResynchronizationResynchronizationmaybenecessaryduetothe securitymethodusedbythissystem.Thetransmitter doesnotsendthesamesignaltwicetothereceiver.The receiverwillnotrespondtoasignalthathasbeen sentpreviously.Thispreventsanyonefromrecording andplayingbackthesignalfromthetransmitter. Toresynchronizeyourtransmitter,standclosetoyour vehicleandpressandholdthelockandunlock buttonsonthetransmitteratthesametimefor 15seconds.Thedoorlocksshouldcycletoconrm synchronization.Ifthelocksdonotcycle,seeyour dealerforservice. 2-7

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DoorsandLocksDoorLocks {CAUTION:Unlockeddoorscanbedangerous.Passengers—especiallychildren—can easilyopenthedoorsandfalloutofa movingvehicle.Whenadoorislocked,the handlewillnotopenit.Youincreasethe chanceofbeingthrownoutofthevehicle inacrashifthedoorsarenotlocked.So, wearsafetybeltsproperlyandlockthe doorswheneveryoudrive.Youngchildrenwhogetintounlocked vehiclesmaybeunabletogetout.Achild canbeovercomebyextremeheatandcan sufferpermanentinjuriesorevendeath fromheatstroke.Alwayslockyourvehicle wheneveryouleaveit.Outsiderscaneasilyenterthroughan unlockeddoorwhenyouslowdownor stopyourvehicle.Lockingyourdoorscan helppreventthisfromhappening. Thereareseveralwaystolockandunlockyourvehicle. Youcanusethekeylessentrysystem,ifequipped, oryoucanalsouseyourkey. Tolockthedoorfromthe inside,slidethelever rearward.Tounlockthe door,slidethelever forward.PowerDoorLocksIfyourvehiclehasthis powerdoorlockswitch, presstheraisedsideofthe switch,withthelock symbol,oneitherfront doortolockallthedoors atonce. Presstherecessedsideoftheswitchwiththeunlock symbol,tounlockallthedoorsatonce. 2-8

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Ifyourvehiclehasthis powerdoorlockswitch, pressthebottomof theswitchoneitherfront doortolockallthedoors atonce. Pressthetopoftheswitchtounlockallthedoors atonce. Thepowerdoorlockswilloperateatanytimeeven whentheignitionisoff. Thepowerdoorlockswillalsoautomaticallylockwhen thevehicleisoutofPARK(P),orformanual transmission,whenthevehiclereaches8mph (24km/h). Operatingthepowerlocksmayinteractwiththe theft-deterrentsystem,ifequipped.See Content Theft-Deterrentonpage2-18 .DelayedLockingIfyourvehicleisacrewcab,itmaybeequippedwith thisfeature.Whenlockingthedoorswiththepowerlock switchorthekeylessentrytransmitterandadooris open,thedoorswillnotlockuntilvesecondsafterthe lastdoorisclosed.Youwillhearthreechimesto signalthatthedelayedlockingfeatureisinuse. Pressingthepowerlockswitchorthelockbuttononthe keylessentrytransmittertwicewilloverridethedelayed lockingfeatureandimmediatelylockallthedoors. Youcanturnthedelayedlockingfeatureofforbackon againbydoingthefollowing: 1.Pressandholdthepowerdoorlockswitchinthe lockposition. 2.Pressunlocktwiceontheremotekeylessentry transmitter. Thisfeaturewillnotoperateifthekeyisintheignition. YoucanalsoprogramthisfeatureusingtheDIC. See DICVehicleCustomizationonpage3-64 2-9

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ProgrammableAutomatic DoorLocksYourvehiclemaybeequippedwithanautomatic lock/unlockfeaturewhichenablesyoutoprogramyour vehicle’spowerdoorlocks.Youcanprogramthis featurethroughtheDriverInformationCenter(DIC),or bythefollowingmethod.See DICVehicleCustomization onpage3-64 .ProgrammableLockingFeatureFollowingarethetwoavailableprogrammingoptions: Mode1: Alldoorslockwhenthetransmissionisshifted intogear.Thisisthemodethatispre-programmedin thefactoryforyourvehicleforautomatictransmission vehicles. Mode2: Alldoorslockwhenthevehiclespeedis greaterthan8mph(13km/h).Thisisthemodethatis pre-programmedinthefactoryformanualtransmission vehicles. Thefollowinginstructionstellyouhowtochangethe automaticdoorlockmode(automatictransmissiononly). Chooseoneofthetwoprogrammingoptionslisted abovebeforeenteringtheprogrammode. Toentertheprogrammode,dothefollowing: 1.Beginwiththeignitionoff.Thenpulltheturn signal/multifunctionlevertowardyouandhold ittherewhileyouperformthenextstep. 2.TurnthekeytoRUNthenbacktoLOCKtwice. Then,withthekeyinLOCK,releasetheturn signal/multifunctionlever.Onceyoudothis,the doorswilllockandunlock,thehornwillchirptwice, anda30-secondtimerwillbegin.Youarenow readytoprogramtheautomaticdoorlockfeature. 3.Pressthedoorlockswitchonce.Youwillheareither oneortwochimes.Thenumberofchimestellsyou whichlockmodeiscurrentlyselected.Continue topressthedoorlockswitchuntilthenumber ofchimesthatyouhearmatchesthenumberofthe modethatyouwant.Ifyoutakelongerthan 30seconds,thelockswillautomaticallylockand unlockandthehornwillchirptwicetoindicatethat youhavelefttheprogrammode.Ifthisoccurs, youcanrepeattheprocedurebeginningwithStep1 tore-entertheprogrammingmode. Youcanexittheprogrammodeanytimebyturningthe ignitiontoRUN(thedoorswillautomaticallylockand unlockandthehornwillchirptwicetoindicatethatyou areleavingtheprogrammode).Ifthelock/unlock switchesarenotpressedwhileintheprogrammingmode, thecurrentautomaticsettingswillnotbemodied. Seeyourdealerformoreinformation. 2-10

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ProgrammableUnlockingFeatureThefollowingisthelistofavailableprogramming options: Mode1: Driver’sdoorunlockswhenthetransmissionis shiftedintoPARK(P),forautomatictransmission vehiclesonly. Mode2: Alldoorsunlockwhenthetransmissionis shiftedintoPARK(P),forautomatictransmission vehiclesonly.Thisisthemodethatispre-programmed inthefactoryforyourvehicle. Mode3: Alldoorsunlockwhenthekeyisremoved fromtheignition.Thisisthemodethatis pre-programmedinthefactoryformanualtransmission vehicles. Mode4: Noautomaticdoorunlock. Thefollowinginstructionstellyouhowtochangethe automaticdoorunlockmode(automatictransmission only).Chooseoneofthefourprogrammingoptions listedabovebeforeenteringtheprogrammode.Toenter theprogrammode,dothefollowing: 1.Beginwiththeignitionoff.Thenpulltheturn signal/multifunctionlevertowardyouandhold ittherewhileyouperformthenextstep. 2.TurnthekeytoRUNandLOCKtwice.Then,with thekeyinLOCK,releasetheturn signal/multifunctionlever.Onceyoudothis,the doorswilllockandunlock,thehornwillchirptwice, anda30-secondtimerwillbegin.Youarenow readytoprogramtheautomaticdoorunlockfeature. 3.Pressthedoorunlockswitchonce.Youwillhear one,two,three,orfourchimes.Thenumberof chimestellsyouwhichunlockmodeiscurrently selected.Continuetopressthedoorunlockswitch untilthenumberofchimesthatyouhearmatchesthe numberofthemodethatyouwant.Ifyoutakelonger than30seconds,thelockswillautomaticallylock andunlockandthehornwillchirptwicetoindicate thatyouhavelefttheprogrammode.Ifthisoccurs, youcanrepeattheprocedurebeginningwithStep1 tore-entertheprogrammingmode. Youcanexittheprogrammodeanytimebyturningthe ignitiontoRUN.Thedoorswillautomaticallylock andunlockandthehornwillchirptwicetoindicatethat youareleavingtheprogrammode.Ifthelock/unlock switchesarenotpressedwhileintheprogramming mode,thecurrentautomaticsettingswillnotbe modied. Seeyourdealerformoreinformation. 2-11

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RearDoorSecurityLocks (CrewCab)Withthisfeature,youcanlocktherearsidedoorsso thattheycannotbeopenedfromtheinsideby passengers. Thisfeatureislocatedon theinsideedgeofthe reardoors. Touseoneofthelocksdothefollowing: 1.Openoneofthereardoors. 2.Toengagethereardoorsecuritylock,movethe leverforward. 3.Todisengagethelock,movetheleverrearward. 4.Closethedoor. 5.Dothesamethingtotheotherreardoor. Thereardoorsofyourvehiclecannotbeopenedfrom theinsidewhenthisfeatureisinuse.Ifyouwantto openthereardoorwhilethesecuritylockisengaged, unlockthedoorandopenthedoorfromtheoutside.LockoutProtectionThisfeatureprotectsyoufromlockingyourkeyinthe vehiclewhenthekeyisintheignitionandadoor isopen. Ifthepowerlockswitchispressedwhenadoorisopen andthekeyisintheignition,allofthedoorswilllock andthenthedriver’sdoorwillunlock. 2-12

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RearDoorsExtendedCabYourvehiclemaybeequippedwitharearaccess door(s)thatallowseasieraccesstotherearareaofthe extendedcab. Toopenarearaccess doorfromtheoutside,rst openthefrontdoor. Then,usethehandle locatedonthefrontedge oftherearaccessdoor toopenit. Youmustfullyclosearearaccessdoorbeforeyoucan closethefrontdoor. Toopenarearaccess doorfromtheinside,the frontdoormustbeopened rst.Then,usethe handlelocatedonthe insideoftherearaccess doortoopenit.CrewCabsIfyourvehicleisacrewcab,youcanopenyourdoors fromtheinsideoroutside.Yourvehiclemayalso haveafeaturewhichpreventschildrenfromopeningthe reardoors.See RearDoorSecurityLocks(Crew Cab)onpage2-12 formoreinformation. 2-13

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TailgateYoucanopenthetailgatebyliftinguponitshandle whilepullingthetailgatetowardyou. Toshutthetailgate,rmlypushitupwarduntilitlatches. Afteryouputthetailgatebackup,pullitbacktowards youtobesureitlatchessecurely.TailgateRemovalThetailgateonyourvehiclecanberemovedtoallowfor differentloadingsituations.Althoughthetailgatecanbe removedwithoutassistance,youmaywantsomeoneto assistyouwiththeremovaltoavoidpossibledamageto thevehicle. Toremovethetailgate,dothefollowing: 1.Raisethetailgate slightlyandrelease bothretainingcable clips.Toreleasethe retainingcableclips,lift thecablesoitpoints straightoutandpush thecableclipforward. 2.Withthetailgateata slightupwardangle, pullbackonthetailgate attherightedgeand thenmovethe tailgatetotherightto releasetheleftedge. Reversetheaboveproceduretoreinstall.Makesurethe tailgateissecure. 2-14

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Windows {CAUTION:Leavingchildren,helplessadults,orpetsina vehiclewiththewindowsclosedisdangerous. Theycanbeovercomebytheextremeheat andsufferpermanentinjuriesorevendeath fromheatstroke.Neverleaveachild,a helplessadult,orapetaloneinavehicle, especiallywiththewindowsclosedinwarmor hotweather.ManualWindowsTurnthehandcrankoneachdoortomanuallyraiseor lowerthemanualwindows. 2-15

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PowerWindowsIfyourvehicleisequippedwithpowerwindows,the controlsarelocatedoneachofthesidedoorsin thefrontandrearforcrewcabmodels. Thedriver’sdoorhasaswitchforthepassenger’sand rearwindowsaswell,ifequipped.Yourpower windowswillworkwhentheignitionhasbeenturnedto ACCESSORYorRUNorwhenRetainedAccessory Power(RAP)isactive.See RetainedAccessoryPower (RAP)onpage2-22 Presstheswitchdowntolowerthewindow. Pullupthefrontoftheswitchtoraisethewindow.ExpressDownWindowsThedriverandfrontpassengerwindowsalsohavean expressdownfeaturethatallowsthewindowsto beloweredwithoutholdingtheswitch.Pressdownfully onthewindowswitch,thenrelease,toactivatethe expressdownmode.Theexpressdownmodecanbe canceledatanytimebypullingupontheswitch. Toopenthewindowpartway,presstheswitchtothe rstdepressionposition,untilthewindowisatthe desiredposition.WindowLockout o(WindowLockout): Ifyouhavepowerwindowson acrewcab,thedriver’sdoorpowerwindowswitch hasalockoutfeature.Thelockoutswitchislocatedin frontofthewindowswitches.Thisfeatureprevents allwindowsfromoperating,exceptfromthedriver’s position.Toengagethelockoutfeaturepresstheswitch, andanindicatorlightontheswitchwillilluminate.To disengagethelockoutfeaturepresstheswitch again,andtheindicatorlightwillturnoff. 2-16

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Swing-OutWindowsYourvehiclemayhave swing-outwindows.To openarearswing-out window,ipthelatchopen andswingtheglassout. Thelatchwillcatchwhenthewindowisfullyopenandit willalsoholditintheopenposition.SlidingRearWindowIfyourvehiclehasthisfeature,squeezethelatchinthe centerofthewindowandslidetheglasstoopenit. Whenyouclosethewindow,besurethelatchis engaged. Theslidingrearwindowdoesnothavereardefogger.SunVisorsPullthesunvisordowntoblockglare.Swingthesun visortothesidetocoverthesidewindow. Thepassenger’ssidesunvisormayhaveavanity mirror. 2-17

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Theft-DeterrentSystemsVehicletheftisbigbusiness,especiallyinsomecities. Althoughyourvehiclehasanumberoftheft-deterrent features,weknowthatnothingweputonitcanmakeit impossibletosteal.ContentTheft-DeterrentYourvehiclemaybeequippedwithacontent theft-deterrentalarmsystem. Thesecuritylightis locatedontheinstrument panelcluster.See SecurityLighton page3-48 foradditional information. Toactivatethetheft-deterrentsystem,dothefollowing: 1.Closeallthedoors. 2.Lockthedoorwiththeremotekeylessentry transmitter.Thesecuritylightshouldcomeon andash. Ifthelockbuttonontheremotekeylessentrytransmitter ispressed,butadoorisopen,youmayhearthree chimesindicatingdelayedlockingisenabled.See DelayedLockingonpage2-9 foradditionalinformation. Closethedoorandthecontenttheft-deterrentsystem willbeactivated. Ifalockeddoorisopenedwithoutusingtheremote keylessentrytransmitterorOnStar,ifequippedwithan activesubscription,thealarmwillgooff.Yourvehicle’s lampswillashandthehornwillsoundforabouttwo minutes,thenwillturnofftosavethebatterypower.Ifthis occurs,youcanturnoffthealarmbypressingunlockon theremotekeylessentrytransmitterorbyplacingthekey intheignitionandturningittoSTART. IfyourvehiclehasaDriverInformationCenter(DIC), youcancustomizeyouralarmwarning.See DICVehicle Customizationonpage3-64 foradditionalinformation. Thehornmaychirpfor10secondsbeforethealarm goesoffifthetheft-deterrentsystemisactivatedusing theremotekeylessentrytransmitterandthedriver’s doorisopened.Ifthisoccurs,youcanturnoffthealarm bypressingunlockontheremotekeylessentry transmitterorbyplacingthekeyintheignitionand turningittoSTART. Hereishowtoavoidsettingoffthealarmbyaccident:Ifyoudonotwanttoactivatethetheft-deterrent system,thevehicleshouldbelockedwiththe doorkeyafterthedoorsareclosed.Alwaysunlockadoorwiththeremotekeylessentry transmitter. 2-18

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Ifyousetoffthealarmbyaccident,turnoffthealarmby pressingunlockontheremotekeylessentrytransmitter orbyplacingthekeyintheignitionandturningit toSTART.TestingtheAlarmThealarmcanbetestedbyfollowingthesesteps: 1.Frominsidethevehicle,activatethesystemby lockingthedoorswiththeremotekeylessentry transmitter. 2.Waitforthesecuritylighttogoout. 3.Unlockthedoorwiththemanualdoorlockand openthedoor.Thisshouldsetoffthealarm. 4.Turnoffthealarmbypressingunlockontheremote keylessentrytransmitterorbyplacingthekeyin theignitionandturningittoSTART. Ifthealarmdoesnotsoundwhenitshould,butthe vehicle’sheadlampsash,checktoseeifthehorn works.Thehornfusemaybeblown.Toreplacethe fuse,see InstrumentPanelFuseBlockonpage5-124 and UnderhoodFuseBlockonpage5-127 Ifthealarmdoesnotsoundorthevehicle’sheadlamps donotash,seeyourdealerforservice.PasslockYourvehicleisequippedwiththePasslocktheft-deterrentsystem. Passlockisapassivetheft-deterrentsystem. Passlockenablesfueliftheignitionlockcylinderis turnedwithavalidkey.Ifacorrectkeyisnotusedorthe ignitionlockcylinderistamperedwith,fuelisdisabled. Iftheenginestallsandthesecuritylightashes, waituntilthelightstopsashingbeforetryingtorestart theengine.Remembertoreleasethekeyfrom STARTassoonastheenginestarts. Iftheengineisrunningandthesecuritylightcomeson, youwillbeabletorestarttheengineifyouturnthe engineoff.However,yourPasslocksystemis notworkingproperlyandmustbeservicedbyyour dealer.YourvehicleisnotprotectedbyPasslockatthis time.Youmayalsowanttocheckthefuse.See FusesandCircuitBreakersonpage5-124 .Seeyour dealerforservice. Inanemergency,calltheGMRoadsideAssistance Center.See RoadsideAssistanceProgramonpage7-6 2-19

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StartingandOperatingYour VehicleNewVehicleBreak-InNotice: Yourvehicledoesnotneedanelaborate break-in.Butitwillperformbetterinthelongrunif youfollowtheseguidelines:Keepyourspeedat55mph(88km/h)orlessfor therst500miles(805km).Donotdriveatanyoneconstantspeed,fastor slow,fortherst500miles(805km).Donot makefull-throttlestarts.Avoiddownshiftingto brake,orslow,thevehicle.Avoidmakinghardstopsfortherst200miles (322km)orso.Duringthistimeyournewbrake liningsarenotyetbrokenin.Hardstopswithnew liningscanmeanprematurewearandearlier replacement.Followthisbreaking-inguideline everytimeyougetnewbrakelinings.Donottowatrailerduringbreak-in.See Towinga Traileronpage4-67 forthetrailertowing capabilitiesofyourvehicleandmore information. Followingbreak-in,enginespeedandloadcanbe graduallyincreased.IgnitionPositionsWiththekeyintheignitionswitch,youcanturnittofour differentpositions. Notice: Usingatooltoforcethekeyfromthe ignitionswitchcouldcausedamageorbreakthe key.Usethecorrectkeyandturnthekeyonlywith yourhand.Makesurethekeyisallthewayin.If itis,turnthesteeringwheelleftandrightwhileyou turnthekeyhard.Ifnoneofthisworks,then yourvehicleneedsservice. 2-20

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A(Lock): Thispositionlocksyourignitionwhenthekey isremoved.Thesteeringlockswhenequippedwitha manualtransmission.Itisatheft-deterrentfeature.You willonlybeabletoremoveyourkeywhentheignition isturnedtoLOCK B(Accessory): Thispositionallowsyoutousethings liketheradio,powerwindowsandthewindshield wiperswhentheengineisoff. {CAUTION:Onmanualtransmissionvehicles,turningthe keytoLOCKwilllockthesteeringcolumnand resultinalossofabilitytosteerthevehicle. Thiscouldcauseacollision.Ifyouneedto turntheengineoffwhilethevehicleismoving, turnthekeyonlytoACCESSORY.Donot pressthekeyreleasebuttonwhilethevehicle ismoving. C(Run): Thisisthepositionfordriving. D(Start): Thispositionstartsyourengine.KeyReleaseButton (ManualTransmission)Theignitionkeycannotbe removedfromtheignition ofmanualtransmission vehiclesunlessthe keyreleasebuttonisused. Toremovethekeyonmanualtransmissionvehicles,turn thekeytoACCESSORY,thenpressthebuttonandturn thekeytoLOCK.Donotholdthebuttoninwhileturning thekeytoACCESSORY.Pullthekeystraightout. 2-21

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RetainedAccessoryPower(RAP)IfthevehiclehasRetainedAccessoryPower(RAP), certainfeatureswillcontinuetooperateforupto 10minutesaftertheignitionkeyisturnedtoLOCK unlessadoorisopened.StartingtheEngineYourvehicleisequippedwithStarterMotorControl. Thisfeatureassistsinstartingtheengineandprotects theelectricalsystem.Thisfeaturemaycausethe enginetocrankevenaftertheignitionkeyisnotin STARTAutomaticTransmissionMoveyourshiftlevertoPARK(P)orNEUTRAL(N). Yourenginewillnotstartinanyotherposition—thatis asafetyfeature.Torestartwhenyouarealready moving,useNEUTRAL(N)only.Ifyouhaveadiesel enginerefertothedieselsupplementforthestarting procedure. Notice: DonottrytoshifttoPARK(P)ifyour vehicleismoving.Ifyoudo,youcoulddamagethe transmission.ShifttoPARK(P)onlywhenyour vehicleisstopped.ManualTransmissionThegearselectorshouldbeinneutralandtheparking brakeengaged.Holdtheclutchpedaltotheoor andstarttheengine.Yourvehiclewillnotstartifthe clutchpedalisnotallthewaydown—thatisasafety feature. 1.Withyourfootofftheacceleratorpedal,turnthe ignitionkeytoSTART.Whentheenginestarts, letgoofthekey.Theidlespeedwillgodownas yourenginegetswarm. Notice: HoldingyourkeyinSTARTforlongerthan 15secondsatatimewilldisengagethestarter motor,causeyourbatterytobedrainedmuch sooner,andaddexcessiveheatthatcandamage yourstartermotor.TrynottoholdthekeyinSTART forlongerthan15secondsandwaitabout 15secondsbetweeneachtrytohelpavoiddraining yourbatteryordamagingyourstarter. 2.Ifitdoesnotstartwithin10seconds,pushthe acceleratorpedalallthewaytotheoor,while youholdtheignitionkeyinSTART.When theenginestarts,letgoofthekeyandletuponthe acceleratorpedal.Waitabout15secondsbetween eachtry. 2-22

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Whenstartingyourengineinverycoldweather(below 0For Š 18C),dothis: 1.Withyourfootofftheacceleratorpedal,turnthe ignitionkeytoSTARTandholditthereupto 15seconds.Whentheenginestarts,letgoof thekey. 2.Ifyourenginestillwillnotstart,orstartsbutthen stops,itcouldbeoodedwithtoomuchgasoline. Trypushingyouracceleratorpedalallthewaytothe oorandholdingitthereasyouholdthekeyin STARTforaboutthreeseconds.Whentheengine starts,letgoofthekeyandaccelerator.Ifthe vehiclestartsbrieybutthenstopsagain,dothe samething,butthistimekeepthepedaldown forveorsixseconds.Thisclearstheextra gasolinefromtheengine. Notice: Yourengineisdesignedtoworkwiththe electronicsinyourvehicle.Ifyouaddelectrical partsoraccessories,youcouldchangethewaythe engineoperates.Beforeaddingelectricalequipment, checkwithyourdealer.Ifyoudonot,yourengine mightnotperformproperly.Anyresultingdamage wouldnotbecoveredbyyourvehicle’swarranty.EngineCoolantHeaterInverycoldweather,0F( Š 18C)orcolder,theengine coolantheatercanhelp.Youwillgeteasierstarting andbetterfueleconomyduringenginewarm-up. Usually,thecoolantheatershouldbepluggedina minimumoffourhourspriortostartingyourvehicle.At temperaturesabove32F(0C),useofthecoolant heaterisnotrequired.Yourvehiclemayalsohavean internalthermostatintheplugendofthecord.Thiswill preventoperationoftheenginecoolantheaterwhen thetemperatureisatorabove0F( Š 18C)asnotedon thecord.ToUsetheEngineCoolantHeater1.Turnofftheengine. 2.Openthehoodandunwraptheelectricalcord.The cordislocatedonthedriver’ssideoftheengine compartment,nearthepowersteeringuid reservoir.Ifyouhaveadieselengine,referto dieselsupplementforlocation. 2-23

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3.Plugitintoanormal,grounded110-voltACoutlet. {CAUTION:Pluggingthecordintoanungroundedoutlet couldcauseanelectricalshock.Also,the wrongkindofextensioncordcouldoverheat andcauseare.Youcouldbeseriously injured.Plugthecordintoaproperlygrounded three-prong110-voltACoutlet.Ifthecordwill notreach,useaheavy-dutythree-prong extensioncordratedforatleast15amps. 4.Beforestartingtheengine,besuretounplugand storethecordasitwasbeforetokeepitaway frommovingengineparts.Ifyoudonot,itcouldbe damaged. Howlongshouldyoukeepthecoolantheaterplugged in?Theanswerdependsontheoutsidetemperature,the kindofoilyouhave,andsomeotherthings.Instead oftryingtolisteverythinghere,weaskthatyoucontact yourdealerintheareawhereyouwillbeparking yourvehicle.Thedealercangiveyouthebestadvice forthatparticulararea.AutomaticTransmissionOperationIfyourvehicleishasanautomatictransmission,it featuresanelectronicshiftpositionindicatorwithinthe instrumentpanelcluster.Thisdisplaymustbepowered anytimetheshiftleverismovedoutofPARK(P). See FusesandCircuitBreakersonpage5-124 Thereareseveraldifferentpositionsforyourshiftlever. See“RangeSelectionMode”laterinthissection. AutomaticTransmission AllisonTransmission 2-24

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PARK(P): Thispositionlocksyourrearwheels.Itis thebestpositiontousewhenyoustartyourengine becauseyourvehiclecannotmoveeasily.Ifyourvehicle hastheAllisonTransmission,withthePowerTakeoff (PTO),usePARK(P)whenstarting.TheAllison Transmissionhasaparkpawlthatisdesignedtohold theweightofcommercialmediumdutytrucks. Therefore,theAllisonTransmissionuseslargerparts thanotherautomatictransmissions.Theselarger partsmaysometimesmakeaclunknoisewhenthe selectorleverismovedfromDRIVE(D)orREVERSE (R)toPARK(P).Thisisnormalandthereisnodamage occurringduringtheseshifts.Whenparkedonahill, especiallywhenloaded,youmaynoticeanincreasein theefforttoshiftoutofPark.SeeTorqueLock (AutomaticTransmission)under ShiftingIntoPark(P) (AutomaticTransmission)onpage2-50 formore information. {CAUTION:Itisdangeroustogetoutofyourvehicleifthe shiftleverisnotfullyinPARK(P)withthe parkingbrakermlyset.Yourvehiclecanroll. Donotleaveyourvehiclewhentheengineis runningunlessyouhaveto.Ifyouhaveleftthe enginerunning,thevehiclecanmove suddenly.Youorotherscouldbeinjured.To besureyourvehiclewillnotmove,evenwhen youareonfairlylevelground,alwayssetyour parkingbrakeandmovetheshiftleverto PARK(P).See ShiftingIntoPark(P)(Automatic Transmission)onpage2-50 .Ifyouarepulling atrailer,see TowingaTraileronpage4-67 2-25

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{CAUTION:Ifyouhavefour-wheeldrive,yourvehiclewill befreetoroll—evenifyourshiftleverisin PARK(P)—ifyourtransfercaseisin NEUTRAL.So,besurethetransfercaseisina drivegear,two-wheelhigh(2H)orfour-wheel high(4H)orfour-wheellow(4L)—notin NEUTRAL.See ShiftingIntoPark(P) (AutomaticTransmission)onpage2-50 REVERSE(R): Usethisgeartobackup.Ifyourvehicle hastheAllisonTransmission,theRontheshift display,mayblinkiftheshiftinhibitorisactive. Notice: ShiftingtoREVERSE(R)whileyourvehicle ismovingforwardcoulddamagethetransmission. Therepairswouldnotbecoveredbyyourwarranty. ShifttoREVERSE(R)onlyafteryourvehicleis stopped. Torockyourvehiclebackandforthtogetoutofsnow, ice,orsandwithoutdamagingyourtransmission, see IfYourVehicleisStuckinSand,Mud,IceorSnow onpage4-46 NEUTRAL(N): Inthisposition,yourenginedoesnot connectwiththewheels.Torestartwhenyouare alreadymoving,useNEUTRAL(N)only.Also,use NEUTRAL(N)whenyourvehicleisbeingtowed. {CAUTION:Shiftingintoadrivegearwhileyourengineis runningathighspeedisdangerous.Unless yourfootisrmlyonthebrakepedal,your vehiclecouldmoveveryrapidly.Youcould losecontrolandhitpeopleorobjects.Donot shiftintoadrivegearwhileyourengineis runningathighspeed. Notice: ShiftingoutofPARK(P)orNEUTRAL(N) withtheenginerunningathighspeedmaydamage thetransmission.Therepairswouldnotbe coveredbyyourwarranty.Besuretheengineisnot runningathighspeedwhenshiftingyourvehicle. 2-26

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DRIVE(D): Thispositionisfornormaldriving.Ifyou needmorepowerforpassing,andyouare:Goinglessthanabout35mph(55km/h),pushyour acceleratorpedalabouthalfwaydown.Goingabout35mph(55km/h)ormore,pushthe acceleratorallthewaydown. Bydoingthis,thevehicleshiftsdowntothenextgear andhasmorepower. DRIVE(D)canbeusedwhentowingatrailer,carryinga heavyload,drivingonsteephills,orforoff-road driving.Youmaywanttoshiftthetransmissionto THIRD(3)or,ifnecessary,alowergearselectionifthe transmissionshiftstoooften. IfyourvehiclehastheAllisonTransmission,itwillshift intorstrangewhenDRIVE(D)isselected.As vehiclespeedincreases,thetransmissionwillupshift automaticallythrougheachavailablerangeupto SIXTH(6).Asthevehicleslows,thetransmissionwill downshiftautomatically. TheAllisonTransmissionusesashiftstabilization featurethatadjuststhetransmissionshiftingto thecurrentdrivingconditionsinordertoreducerapid upshiftsanddownshifts.Thisshiftstabilizationfeatureis designedtodeterminebeforemakinganupshiftifthe enginewillbeabletomaintainvehiclespeedby analyzingthingssuchasthrottleposition,vehicleload, andhillgrade.Iftheshiftstabilizationfeature determinesthatcurrentvehiclespeedcannotbe maintained,thetransmissiondoesnotupshiftand insteadholdsthecurrentgear.Insomecases,thismay appeartobeadelayedshift,howeverthetransmission isoperatingnormally. TheAllisonTransmissionalsousesadaptiveshift controls.Adaptiveshiftcontrolscontinuallycompares keyshiftparameterstopre-programmedidealshift conditions.TheAllisonTransmissionconstantlymakes adjustmentstoimprovevehicleperformanceaccording tothewaythevehicleisbeingused,suchaswitha heavyload.Duringthisadaptiveshiftcontrolsprocess, someshiftsmayfeeldifferentasthetransmission determinesoptimumsettingsforaparticularshift. MANUALMODE(M): Thisposition,isavailableon vehicleswiththeAllisonTransmission.Itletsdrivers selecttherangeofgearsappropriateforcurrent drivingconditions.Ifyourvehiclehasthisfeature,see RangeSelectMode(AllisonTransmission)laterinthis section. THIRD(3): Thispositionisalsousedfornormaldriving, howeveritoffersmorepowerandlowerfueleconomy thanDRIVE(D). 2-27

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SECOND(2): Thispositiongivesyoumorepowerbut lowerfueleconomy.YoucanuseSECOND(2)on hills.Itcanhelpcontrolyourspeedasyougodown steepmountainroads,butthenyouwouldalsowantto useyourbrakesoffandon. IfyoumanuallyselectSECOND(2)inanautomatic transmission,thetransmissionwillstartinsecondgear. Youmayusethisfeatureforreducingthespeedof therearwheelswhenyouaretryingtostartyourvehicle fromastoponslipperyroadsurfaces. FIRST(1): Thispositiongivesyouevenmorepower (butlowerfueleconomy)thanSECOND(2).You canuseitonverysteephills,orindeepsnowormud. IftheshiftleverisputinFIRST(1)whilethevehicle ismovingforward,thetransmissionwillnotshiftintorst gearuntilthevehicleisgoingslowlyenough. Notice: Spinningthetiresorholdingthevehiclein oneplaceonahillusingonlytheaccelerator pedalmaydamagethetransmission.Ifyouare stuck,donotspinthetires.Whenstoppingonahill, usethebrakestoholdthevehicleinplace.RangeSelectionMode (AllisonTransmission)IfyourtruckhasanAllisonTransmissionyourvehicle isequippedwithaRangeSelectionSystem. 2-28

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Tousethisfeature,dothefollowing: 1.MovetheshiftlevertotheMANUALMODE(M). WhenintheMANUALMODE,thetransmission’s currentgearrangewillbethehighestattainable rangewithallthelowergearsavailable. 2.Presstheplus/minusbuttonstoupshiftordownshift selectingthedesiredrangeofgearsforyourcurrent drivingconditions. TheRangeSelectionModeallowsyoutocontrolthe vehicle’sengineandvehiclespeedwhiledriving downhillbyallowingyoutoselectadesiredgear. TheDICshowsthesixavailablerangeswiththehighest attainablerangeshowninbrackets.See Driver InformationCenter(DIC)onpage3-51 and DIC OperationandDisplaysonpage3-52 formore information. WhileusingtheRangeSelectionmodefeature,cruise controlandtheTow/Haulmodecanbeused.LowTractionMode (AllisonTransmission)IfyourvehiclehastheDURAMAXdieselengineand theAllisonTransmission,itisequippedwithaLow TractionModethatassistsinvehicleaccelerationwhen roadconditionsareslippery,suchasiceorsnow. Whileatastop,selectingthesecondgearrangeusing theRangeSelectionsystem,willallowtheAllison Transmissiontolimittorquetothewheelsafterit detectswheelslip,preventingthetiresfromspinning. Notice: Spinningthetiresorholdingthevehiclein oneplaceonahillusingonlytheaccelerator pedalmaydamagethetransmission.Ifyouare stuck,donotspinthetires.Whenstoppingonahill, usethebrakestoholdthevehicleinplace.ColdWeatherOperation (AllisonTransmission)Oncolddays,approximately32F(0C)orcolder,your automatictransmissionisdesignedtoshiftdifferently. Thetransmissionusesawarm-upmodeshiftschedule untiltheenginereachesnormaloperatingtemperature. Whilethetransmissionisinwarm-upmodeitis normalfortransmissionupshiftstobedelayedorheld longer.Thisfeatureimprovesheaterperformance bygivingquickervehiclewarm-ups. Whentemperaturesarebelow Š 13F( Š 25C),the transmissionwillpreventcertainoperationstoprotect againstdamage.WhenactivetheDICwilldisplay themessage“TransinWarm-up”. See DICWarningsandMessagesonpage3-54 for moreinformation. 2-29

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Tow/HaulModeIfyourvehiclehasanautomatictransmission,itmay haveaTow/Haulmode.IfyourvehiclehasanAllison Transmissionsee“Tow/HaulMode(Allison Transmission)following.Tow/Haulmodeadjuststhe transmissionshiftpatterntoreduceshiftcycling, providingincreasedperformance,vehiclecontrol,and transmissioncoolingwhentowingorhaulingheavyloads. Theselectorbuttonislocatedontheendoftheshift lever.TurntheTurnTow/Haulonandoffbypressingthe button.WhentheTow/Haulison,alightonthe instrumentpanelclusterwillcomeon. See Tow/HaulModeLightonpage3-49 formore information. IfyourvehicleisequippedwiththePerformance Package-EnhancedTowing,activatingthemanual selectableridewilladjusttheshockabsorber characteristicstoenhancetherideandhandlingofthe vehiclefortowingorhaulingheavyloads. AlsoseeTowHaulModeunder TowingaTraileron page4-67 formoreinformation.Tow/HaulMode (AllisonTransmission)IfyourvehiclehasanAllisonTransmission,itmayhave aTow/Haulmode.Tow/Haulmodeadjuststhe transmissionshiftpatterntoreduceshiftcycling, providingincreasedperformance,vehiclecontrol,and transmissioncoolingwhentowingorhaulingheavyloads. 2-30

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Theselectorbuttonislocatedontheendoftheshift lever.TurntheTurnTow/Haulonandoffbypressingthe button.WhentheTow/Haulison,alightonthe instrumentpanelclusterwillcomeon. See Tow/HaulModeLightonpage3-49 formore information. Alsosee“TowHaulMode”under TowingaTraileron page4-67 formoreinformation.GradeBrakingandCruiseGrade Braking(AllisonTransmission)GradeBrakingandCruiseGradeBrakingassistswhen drivingonadownhillgrade.Itmaintainsthevehicle’s speedbyautomaticallyimplementingashiftschedule thatusestheengineandthetransmissiontoslow thevehicle.Thisreduceswearonthebrakessystem andincreasescontrolofthevehicle.Thesystem constantlymonitorsthevehicle’sspeed,acceleration, enginetorque,andbrakepedalusage.Itdetects whenthetruckisonadownhillgradeandthedriver’s desiretoslowdownbypressingthebrake. CruiseGradeBrakingisavailableonthe6.6L DURAMAXdieselengine.CruiseGradeBraking monitorsavehicle’scruisestate,enginetorque, acceleration,vehiclespeed,andthecruisesetspeed. Usingthisinformation,itdetectswhenthetruckis acceleratingonadownhillgradeandwillautomatically downshifttoslowthevehicleifitexceedsthecruise setspeedbyacertainamount. See CruiseControlonpage3-10 formoreinformation. TheTow/HaulmodeandGradeBrakingshiftmodes canbeactivatedbypressingthebuttononthefrontof theshiftcontrolstalk.Ifyourvehiclehasthe DURAMAXDieselEngineorthe8.1LVortecgasoline engine,GradeBrakingisonlyavailablewhilethe Tow/HaulModeisselected.WhileintheRange SelectionMode,GradeBrakingisdeactivatedallowing thedrivertoselectadesiredgear. See AutomaticTransmissionOperationonpage2-24 for moreinformation. Alsosee TowingaTraileronpage4-67 formore information. 2-31

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ManualTransmissionOperationFive-Speed (VORTEC™6.0LV8Engine)Hereishowtooperate yourtransmission. FIRST(1)isintendedonlyforheavyloadsortrailer towingandisnotrecommendedfornormaldriving. Duringtherst500miles(805km)ofvehicleuse,start yourvehiclemovinginFIRST(1).Thisallowsclutch componentstobreak-inproperly. FIRST(1): Presstheclutchpedalandshiftinto FIRST(1).Then,slowlyletupontheclutchpedalas youpresstheacceleratorpedal.ShiftintoFIRST(1) onlywhenthevehicleisbelow5mph(8km/h).Ifyoutry toshiftdownintoFIRST(1)atexcessivevehicle speeds,theshiftleverwillnotmoveintoFIRST(1)until vehiclespeedisreduced. SECOND(2): Presstheclutchpedalandshiftinto SECOND(2).Then,slowlyletupontheclutchpedalas youpresstheacceleratorpedal. YoucanshiftintoSECOND(2)whenyouaregoingless than20mph(32km/h).Ifyouhavecometoacomplete stopanditishardtoshiftintoSECOND(2),putthe shiftleverintoNEUTRALandletupontheclutch.Press theclutchpedalbackdown.Thenshiftinto SECOND(2).IfyoutrytodownshiftintoSECOND(2)at excessivevehiclespeeds,theshiftleverwillnotmove intotheSECOND(2)positionuntilthevehiclespeed isreduced. THIRD(3): Presstheclutchpedalandshiftinto THIRD(3).Then,slowlyletupontheclutchpedalas youpresstheacceleratorpedal. FOURTH(4)andFIFTH(5): Shiftintothehigher forwardgearsthesamewayyoudoforTHIRD(3). Slowlyletupontheclutchpedalasyoupressthe acceleratorpedal. Tostop,letupontheacceleratorpedalandpressthe brakepedal.Justbeforethevehiclestops,press theclutchpedalandthebrakepedal,andshiftto NEUTRAL. NEUTRAL: Usethispositionwhenyoustartoridle yourengine. 2-32

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REVERSE(R): Tobackup,rstpressdowntheclutch pedal.Waitforthevehicletostopmovingandthen, shiftintoREVERSE(R).Letupontheclutchpedal slowlywhilepressingtheacceleratorpedal. Notice: ShiftingtoREVERSE(R)whileyourvehicle ismovingforwardcoulddamagethetransmission. Therepairswouldnotbecoveredbyyourwarranty. ShifttoREVERSE(R)onlyafteryourvehicleis stopped. Also,useREVERSE(R),alongwiththeparkingbrake, whenturningoffyourengineandparkingyour vehicle.Five-Speed(VORTEC™4.3LV6and 4.8LV8Engines)Hereishowtooperateyourtransmission: FIRST(1): Presstheclutchpedalandshiftinto FIRST(1).Then,slowlyletupontheclutchpedalas youpresstheacceleratorpedal. YoucanshiftintoFIRST(1)whenyouaregoingless than20mph(32km/h).Ifyouhavecometoacomplete stopanditishardtoshiftintoFIRST(1),puttheshift leverintoNEUTRALandletupontheclutch.Pressthe clutchpedalbackdown.ThenshiftintoFIRST(1). SECOND(2): Presstheclutchpedalasyouletupon theacceleratorpedalandshiftintoSECOND(2). Then,slowlyletupontheclutchpedalasyoupressthe acceleratorpedal. THIRD(3),FOURTH(4)andFIFTH(5): Shiftinto THIRD(3),FOURTH(4)andFIFTH(5)thesameway youdoforSECOND(2).Slowlyletupontheclutch pedalasyoupresstheacceleratorpedal. Tostop,letupontheacceleratorpedalandpressthe brakepedal.Justbeforethevehiclestops,press theclutchpedalandthebrakepedal,andshiftto NEUTRAL. NEUTRAL: Usethispositionwhenyoustartoridle yourengine. REVERSE(R): Tobackup,rstpressdowntheclutch pedal.Waitforthevehicletostopmovingandthen, shiftintoREVERSE(R).Letupontheclutchpedal slowlywhilepressingtheacceleratorpedal. Notice: ShiftingtoREVERSE(R)whileyourvehicle ismovingforwardcoulddamagethetransmission. Therepairswouldnotbecoveredbyyourwarranty. ShifttoREVERSE(R)onlyafteryourvehicleis stopped. Also,useREVERSE(R),alongwiththeparkingbrake, whenturningoffyourengineandparkingyourvehicle. 2-33

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Six-Speed(VORTEC™8.1LV8and DURAMAX™6.6LV8Engines)Hereishowtooperate yourtransmission. Thissix-speedpatternisuniquetoGMmanual transmissions.Thetransmissionalwaysrepositionsthe shiftlevertoNEUTRAL,whichislocatedbetween FOURTH(4)andFIFTH(5)gear. Topreventunintentionalgearselections,additional forceisrequiredtomovetheshiftleverinto REVERSE(R)orFIRST(1).UseFIRST(1)whentrailer towing,drivingwithpayloadinthepickupboxor launchingonagrade.Otherwise,startinSECOND(2) gear.OnlyshiftintoFIRST(1)whenthevehiclehas stoppedmoving. Duringtherst500miles(805km)ofvehicleuse,start thevehiclemovinginFIRST(1)gear.Thisallows theclutchcomponentstowear-inproperly. FIRST(1): Withthevehicleatastop,releasethe brake,presstheclutchpedalandshiftintoFIRST(1). Then,slowlyletupontheclutchpedalasyoupressthe acceleratorpedal.OnlydownshiftintoFIRST(1) whenthevehiclehascometoacompletestop.Ifthe shiftleverwillnotgointoFIRST(1),putthelever inNEUTRALandletupontheclutchpedaltofully engagetheclutch.Presstheclutchpedalagain.Then, shiftintoFIRST(1). SECOND(2): Withthevehicleatastop,releasethe brake,presstheclutchpedalandshiftintoSECOND(2). Then,slowlyletupontheclutchpedalasyoupress theacceleratorpedal.Withthevehiclemoving,pressthe clutchpedalandupshiftintoSECOND(2)from FIRST(1)whileapplyinglightpressuretotherighton theshifter.Then,slowlyletupontheclutchpedal asyoupresstheacceleratorpedal.Ifyoucometoa completestopandtheshiftleverwillnotgointo SECOND(2),puttheleverinNEUTRALandletupon theclutchpedaltofullyengagetheclutch.Press theclutchpedalagain.Then,shiftintoSECOND(2). THIRD(3): Presstheclutchpedalandupshiftinto THIRD(3).Then,slowlyletupontheclutchpedalas youpresstheacceleratorpedal. 2-34

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FOURTH(4),FIFTH(5)andSIXTH(6): Upshiftintothe higherforwardgearsthesamewayasyoudo THIRD(3).Slowlyletupontheclutchpedalasyou presstheacceleratorpedal. NEUTRAL: Usethispositionwhenyoustartoridle yourengine. REVERSE(R): Tobackup,presstheclutchpedal. Waitforthevehicletostopmovingandthen,shift toREVERSE(R).Letupontheclutchslowlywhile pressingtheacceleratorpedal.Also,useREVERSE(R), alongwiththeparkingbrake,whenturningoffyour engineandparkingyourvehicle.ShiftSpeeds {CAUTION:Ifyouskipagearwhenyoudownshift,you couldlosecontrolofyourvehicle.Youcould injureyourselforothers.Donotshiftdown morethanonegearatatimewhenyou downshift. Donotallowtheenginerpmtooverspeedandenterthe tachometerredlines.Engineoverspeedoccurswhen downshifting,ordescendingagrade,attoohigha vehiclespeed.Whengoingdownsteepgrades,always selectagearatleastonepositionlowerthanyou woulduseonclimbingagrade.Thiswillallowthe vehicle’senginetoprovidesomebrakingandhelpto slowthevehicleasitgoesdownthegrade.Monitoryour vehiclespeed,accelerationandenginerpmwhile applyingthebrakesasyougodownthegradetoensure youhavecompletecontroloverthevehicle. Ifyourenginespeeddropsbelow600rpm,orifthe engineisnotrunningsmoothly,youshoulddownshiftto thenextlowergear.Whenoperatingonslippery surfaces,downshiftatlowerthannormalvehiclespeeds topreventthetiresfromslipping. Inbenchseatequippedvehicles,movethetallest beveragecontainerstotherightcupholdertoprovide additionalclearancefortheshiftlever. Forvehiclesequippedwithacenterconsole,thefront cupholderpullsoutandturns180toprovideadditional clearancebetweentallbeveragecontainersandthe shiftlever. 2-35

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Up-ShiftLightIfyouhaveamanual transmission,youmay haveashiftlight.Thislight willshowyouwhento shifttothenexthighergear forbestfueleconomy. Whenthislightcomeson,youcanshifttothenext highergearifweather,roadandtrafficconditionsallow. Forthebestfueleconomy,accelerateslowlyand shiftwhenthelightcomeson. Whileyouaccelerate,itisnormalforthelighttogoon andoffifyouquicklychangethepositionofthe accelerator. Ifyourvehiclehasfour-wheeldriveandisequippedwith amanualtransmission,disregardtheshiftlightwhen thetransfercaseisinFour-WheelLow. Ignoretheshiftlightwhenyoudownshift.Four-WheelDriveIfyourvehiclehasfour-wheeldrive,youcansendyour engine’sdrivingpowertoallfourwheelsforextra traction.Togetthemostsatisfactionoutoffour-wheel drive,youmustbefamiliarwithitsoperation.Read thepartthatfollowsbeforeusingfour-wheeldrive.See theappropriatetextforthetransfercaseinyour vehicle.FrontAxleLockingFeatureThefrontaxlelocksandunlocksautomaticallywhen youshiftthetransfercase.Somedelayfortheaxleto lockorunlockisnormal. 2-36

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ManualTransferCaseThetransfercaseshiftleverisontheoortotheright ofthedriver.Usethislevertoshiftintoandoutof four-wheeldrive. A4WDindicatorlight comesonwhenyoushift intofour-wheeldrive andthefrontaxleengages. See Four-Wheel-Drive Lightonpage3-49 Somedelaybetweenshiftingandwhentheindicator lightcomesonisnormal. RecommendedTransferCaseSettingsDrivingConditions TransferCaseSettings 2H4H4LN NormalYES SevereYES ExtremeYES VehicleinTow*YES *See RecreationalVehicleTowingonpage4-62 or TowingYourVehicleonpage4-61 forfurther information. 2-37

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Anindicatorlightnearthelevershowsyouthetransfer casesettings: Notice: Drivingonclean,drypavementin four-wheeldriveforanextendedperiodoftimemay causeprematurewearonyourvehicle’spowertrain. Donotdriveonclean,drypavementinfour-wheel driveforextendedperiodsoftime. 4L(Four-WheelLow): Thissettingalsoengagesyour frontaxleanddeliversextratorque.Youmaynever need4L.Itsendsmaximumpowertoallfourwheels. Youmightchoose4Lifyouaredrivingoff-roadindeep sand,deepmud,deepsnow,andwhileclimbingor descendingsteephills.WhenoperatinginFour-Wheel Low,thegearratioprovidesadditionaltorquewhen comparedtofour-wheelhigh.Thetransmission gearshiftfeelwillbeexaggerated. {CAUTION:ShiftingthetransfercasetoNEUTRALcan causeyourvehicletorollevenifthe transmissionisinPARK(P),orifyouhavea manualtransmission,evenifyouareingear. CAUTION:(Continued) CAUTION:(Continued)Youorsomeoneelsecouldbeseriously injured.Besuretosettheparkingbrake beforeplacingthetransfercaseinNEUTRAL. See ParkingBrakeonpage2-49 N(Neutral): Shifttothissettingonlywhenyourvehicle needstobetowed.See RecreationalVehicleTowing onpage4-62 or TowingYourVehicleonpage4-61 2H(Two-WheelHigh): Thissettingisusedfordriving inmoststreetandhighwaysituations.Yourfront axleisnotengagedintwo-wheeldrive.Thissettingalso providesthebestfueleconomy. 4H(Four-WheelHigh): Usethissettingwhenyou needextratraction,suchasonsnowyoricyroadsorin mostoff-roadsituations.Thissettingalsoengages yourfrontaxletohelpdriveyourvehicle.Thisisthebest settingtousewhenplowingsnow. Youcanshiftfrom2Hto4Hor4Hhighto2Hwhilethe vehicleismoving.Yourfrontaxlewillengagefaster ifyoutakeyourfootoffoftheacceleratorforacouple ofsecondsafteryoushift.Inextremelycoldweather,it maybenecessarytostoporslowthevehicleto shiftintofour-wheelhigh. 2-38

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WhenUsingtheManualTransferCase Shiftingshouldbemadeusingquickmotions. Shiftingslowlymaymakeitmoredifficulttoshift.Youmaynoticethatitishardertoshiftwhenthe vehicleiscold.Afterthevehiclewarmsupthe shiftingwillreturntonormal.Whilein4Hor4Lyoumayexperiencereducedfuel economy.Avoiddrivinginfour-wheeldriveonclean,dry pavement.Itmaycauseyourtirestowear faster,andmakeyourtransfercasehardertoshift andrunnoisier.Shiftingfrom2H(Two-WheelHigh)to4H (Four-WheelHigh) Shiftsbetween2Hand4Hcanbemadeatany vehiclespeed.Itiseasiesttoshiftthetransfercasewhen maintainingaconstantspeedoraslight acceleration.Ifpossible,avoidshiftingwhileslowing down,asitwillmaymakeithardertoshift.Shiftyourtransfercaseleverinonecontinuous motionintoeitherthe4Hor2Hposition.Inextremelycoldweather,itmaybenecessaryto sloworstopthevehicletoshiftintofour-wheel highuntilyourvehiclehaswarmedup.Whilein4H,yourvehiclecanbedrivenatany postedlegalspeedlimit.ShiftingInorOutof4L(Four-WheelLow)Notice: Shiftingthetransfercaseinto4Lwhile movingatspeedsfasterthan3mph(5km/h)may causeprematureweartothetransfercase,andmay causethegearstogrind.Toavoidcausing prematurewear,andgrindingthegears,donotshift thetransfercaseinto4Lwhilethevehicleis movingfasterthan3mph(5km/h). Shiftsinto4Lcanbemadewiththevehicleatastop,or whileslowlyrollingabout1to3mph(2to5km/h).ShifttheautomatictransmissionintoNEUTRAL(N), orwithamanualtransmission,presstheclutch pedal,orshiftintoNEUTRAL(N).Shiftthetransfercaseshiftleverinonecontinuous motionintothe4Lposition.Whenin4Ldonotdrivefasterthan45mph.This willreducewearandextendthelifeofyour transfercase. 2-39

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ShiftingInorOutofNEUTRAL1.Withthevehiclerunningandtheengineatanidle settheparkingbrake. 2.PlacethetransmissionintoNEUTRAL(N). Shiftthetransfercaseinonecontinuousmotionintoor outoftheNEUTRALposition.AutomaticTransferCaseThetransfercasebuttons arelocatedtotheleftof theinstrumentpanel cluster. Usetheseswitchestoshiftintoandoutoffour-wheel drive. RecommendedTransferCaseSettingsDriving Conditions TransferCaseSettings 2mAUTO 4WD 4m4nN NormalYES VariableYES SevereYES ExtremeYES Vehiclein Tow* YES *See RecreationalVehicleTowingonpage4-62 for furtherinformation. Youcanchooseamongfourdrivingsettings: Notice: Drivingonclean,drypavementin Four-Wheel-DriveHighorFour-Wheel-DriveLowfor anextendedperiodoftimemaycausepremature wearonyourvehicle’spowertrain.Donotdriveon clean,drypavementinFour-WheelDriveHighor Four-Wheel-DriveLowforextendedperiodsoftime. 2-40

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AUTO4WD(AutomaticFour-WheelDrive): This settingisidealforusewhenroadsurfacetraction conditionsarevariable.Whendrivingyourvehiclein AutomaticFour-WheelDrive,thefrontaxleisengaged, butthevehicle’spowerissenttotherearwheels. Whenthevehicledetectsalossoftraction,thesystem willautomaticallyengagefour-wheeldrive.Drivingin thismoderesultsinslightlylowerfueleconomy thanTwo-WheelHigh. 2m(Two-WheelHigh): Thissettingisusedfor drivinginmoststreetandhighwaysituations.Yourfront axleisnotengagedintwo-wheeldrive.Thissetting alsoprovidesthebestfueleconomy. {CAUTION:ShiftingthetransfercasetoNEUTRALcan causeyourvehicletorollevenifthe transmissionisinPARK(P).Youorsomeone elsecouldbeseriouslyinjured.Besuretoset theparkingbrakebeforeplacingthetransfer caseinNEUTRAL.See ParkingBrakeon page2-49 N(NEUTRAL): Shiftthevehicle’stransfercasetoN (NEUTRAL)onlywhentowingyourvehicle.See RecreationalVehicleTowingonpage4-62 or Towing YourVehicleonpage4-61 formoreinformation. 4m(Four-WheelHigh): Usethissettingwhenyou needextratraction,suchaonsnowyoricyroadsorin mostoff-roadsituations.Thissettingalsoengages yourfrontaxletohelpdriveyourvehicle.Thisisthebest settingtousewhenplowingsnow. 4n(Four-WheelLow): Thissettingalsoengages yourfrontaxleanddeliversextratorque.Youmaynever needFour-WheelLow.Itsendsmaximumpowertoall fourwheels.YoumightchooseFour-WheelLowifyou aredrivingoff-roadindeepsand,deepmud,deepsnow, andwhileclimbingordescendingsteephills.When operatinginFour-WheelLow,thegearratioprovides additionaltorquewhencomparedtofour-wheelhigh.The transmissiongearshiftfeelwillbeexaggerated. Indicatorlightsintheswitchesshowwhichsettingyour transfercaseisin.Theindicatorlightswillcomeon brieywhenyouturnontheignitionandonewillstayon. Ifthelightsdonotcomeon,youshouldtakeyour vehicletoyourdealerforservice.Anindicatorlightwill ashwhilethetransfercaseisbeingshifted.Itwill stayonwhentheshiftiscomplete.Ifforsomereason thetransfercasecannotmakearequestedshift,it willreturntothelastchosensetting. IftheSERVICE4WDmessagestayson,youshould takeyourvehicletoyourdealerforservice.See DICWarningsandMessagesonpage3-54 forfurther information. 2-41

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ShiftingintoFour-WheelHighorAUTO 4WD(AutomaticFour-WheelDrive)Pressandreleasethefour-wheelhighorAUTO4WD switch.Thiscanbedoneatanyspeed,except whenshiftingfromFour-WheelLow,andtheindicator lightwillashwhileshifting.Itwillremainonwhen theshiftiscompleted.ShiftingintoTwo-WheelHighPressandreleasetheTwo-WheelHighswitch.Thiscan bedoneatanyspeed,exceptwhenshiftingfrom Four-WheelLow.ShiftingintoFour-WheelLowNotice: ShiftingthetransfercaseintoFour-Wheel Lowwhilemovingatspeedsfasterthan3mph (5km/h)maycauseprematureweartothetransfer case,andmaycausethegearstogrind.Toavoid causingprematurewear,andgrindingthegears,do notshiftthetransfercaseintoFour-WheelLowwhile thevehicleismovingfasterthan3mph(5km/h). ToshifttoFour-WheelLow,theignitionmustbeinRUN andthevehiclemustbestoppedormovinglessthan 3mph(5km/h)withthetransmissioninNEUTRAL(N). ThepreferredmethodforshiftingintoFour-WheelLowis tohaveyourvehiclemoving1to2mph(1.6to3.2km/h). PressandreleasetheFour-WheelLowswitch.Youmust waitfortheFour-WheelLowindicatorlighttostop ashingandremainonbeforeshiftingyourtransmission ingear. Notice: Shiftingthetransmissionintogearbefore theFour-WheelLowindicatorlighthasstopped ashingcoulddamagethetransfercase.To helpavoiddamagingyourvehicle,alwayswaitfor theFour-WheelLowindicatorlighttostopashing beforeshiftingthetransmissionintogear. Itistypicalforyourvehicletoexhibitsignicant engagementnoiseandbumpwhenshiftingbetween Four-WheelLowandFour-WheelHighrangesorfrom NEUTRAL(N)withtheenginerunning. IftheFour-WheelLowswitchispressedwhenyour vehicleisingearand/ormoving,theFour-WheelLow indicatorlightwillashfor30secondsandnotcomplete theshiftunlessyourvehicleismovinglessthan 3mph(5km/h)andthetransmissionisinNEUTRAL(N). After30secondsthetransfercasewillshiftto four-wheelhighmode. 2-42

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ShiftingOutofFour-WheelLowToshiftfromFour-WheelLowtoFour-WheelHigh,AUTO 4WD,orTwo-WheelHigh,yourvehiclemustbestopped ormovinglessthan3mph(5km/h)withthetransmission inNEUTRAL(N)andtheignitioninRUN.Thepreferred methodforshiftingoutofFour-WheelLowistohaveyour vehiclemoving1to2mph(1.6to3.2km/h).Pressand releasetheFour-WheelHigh,AUTO4WD,orTwo-Wheel Highswitch.YoumustwaitfortheFour-WheelHigh, AUTO4WD,orTwo-WheelHighindicatorlighttostop ashingandremainonbeforeshiftingyourtransmission intogear. Notice: Shiftingthetransmissionintogearbefore theFour-WheelLowindicatorlighthasstopped ashingcoulddamagethetransfercase.To helpavoiddamagingyourvehicle,alwayswaitfor theFour-WheelLowindicatorlighttostopashing beforeshiftingthetransmissionintogear. Thetransfercasemaymakenoiseandthevehiclemay jerkwhenthetransfercaseisshiftedbetween Four-WheelLowandFour-WheelHighrangesorfrom NEUTRALwiththeenginerunning. Ifthefour-wheelhigh,AUTO4WD,orTwo-WheelHigh switchispressedwhenyourvehicleisingearand/or moving,theFour-WheelHigh,AUTO4WD,or Two-WheelHighindicatorlightwillashfor30seconds butwillnotcompletetheshiftunlessyourvehicleis movinglessthan3mph(5km/h)andthetransmission isinNEUTRAL(N).ShiftingIntoNEUTRAL {CAUTION:ShiftingthetransfercasetoNEUTRALcan causeyourvehicletorollevenifthe transmissionisinPARK(P).Youorsomeone elsecouldbeseriouslyinjured.Besuretoset theparkingbrakebeforeplacingthetransfer caseinNEUTRAL.See ParkingBrakeon page2-49 ToshiftthetransfercasetoNEUTRALdothefollowing: 1.Makesurethevehicleisparkedsothatitwill notroll. 2.Settheparkingbrake. 3.StartthevehicleorturntheignitiontoRUN. 2-43

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4.PutthetransmissioninNEUTRAL(N). 5.ShiftthetransfercasetoTwo-WheelHigh. 6.SimultaneouslypressandholdtheTwo-WheelHigh andFour-WheelLowbuttonsfor10seconds.The redNEUTRALlightwillcomeonwhenthe transfercaseshifttoNEUTRALiscomplete. 7.Iftheengineisrunning,shiftthetransmissionto REVERSE(R)foronesecond,thenshiftthe transmissiontoDRIVE(D)foronesecond,or FIRST(1)forvehiclesequippedwithamanual transmission. 8.Turntheengineoff,byturningthekeyto ACCESSORY. 9.PlacethetransmissionshiftleverinPARK(P). 10.TurntheignitiontoLOCK.ShiftingOutofNEUTRALToshiftoutofNEUTRAL: 1.Settheparkingbrakeandapplytheregularbrake pedal. 2.TurntheignitiontoRUNwiththeengineoff. 3.ShiftthetransmissiontoNEUTRAL(N). 4.Pressthebuttonforthedesiredtransfercaseshift position(Two-WheelHigh,Four-WheelHigh,AUTO 4WD,orFour-WheelLow). 5.AfterthetransfercasehasshiftedoutofNEUTRAL theredlightwillgoout. 6.Releasetheparkingbrake. 7.Youmaystarttheengineandshiftthetransmission tothedesiredposition. Excessivelyshiftingthetransfercaseintooroutofthe differentmodesmaycausethetransfercaseto entertheshiftprotectionmode.Thiswillprotectthe transfercasefrompossibledamageandwillonlyallow thetransfercasetorespondtooneshiftper 10seconds.Thetransfercasemaystayinthismodefor uptothreeminutes. 2-44

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ElectronicTransferCaseIfyourfour-wheel-drive vehiclehastheelectronic transfercase,the transfercaseswitchesare locatedtotheleftofthe instrumentpanelcluster. RecommendedTransferCaseSettingsDrivingConditions TransferCaseSettings 2m4m4nN NormalYES SevereYES ExtremeYES VehicleinTow*YES *See RecreationalVehicleTowingonpage4-62 or TowingYourVehicleonpage4-61 forfurther information. Usetheseswitchestoshiftintoandoutoffour-wheel drive.Youcanchooseamongthreedrivingsettings: 2m(Two-WheelHigh): Thissettingisfordrivingin moststreetandhighwaysituations.Yourfrontaxleisnot engagedintwo-wheeldrive. {CAUTION:ShiftingthetransfercasetoNEUTRALcan causeyourvehicletorollevenifthe transmissionisinPARK(P).Youorsomeone elsecouldbeseriouslyinjured.Besuretoset theparkingbrakebeforeplacingthetransfer caseinNEUTRAL.See ParkingBrakeon page2-49 (N)NEUTRAL: Shiftthevehicle’stransfercaseto NEUTRALonlywhentowingyourvehicle.See RecreationalVehicleTowingonpage4-62 or Towing YourVehicleonpage4-61 formoreinformation. 2-45

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4m(Four-WheelHigh): Thissettingengagesyour frontaxletohelpdriveyourvehicle.Usefour-wheelhigh whenyouneedextratraction,suchasonsnowyor icyroads,orinmostoff-roadsituations. 4n(Four-WheelLow): Thissettingalsoengages yourfrontaxletogiveyouextratraction.Youmaynever needFour-WheelLow.Itsendsthemaximumpower toallfourwheels.YoumightchooseFour-WheelLowif youweredrivingoff-roadinsand,mudordeepsnow andwhileclimbingordescendingsteephills.When operatinginFour-WheelLow,thegearratioprovides additionaltorquewhencomparedtoFour-Wheel High.Thetransmissiongearshiftfeelwillbe exaggerated. Indicatorlightsintheswitchesshowyouwhichsetting youarein.Theindicatorlightswillcomeonbrieywhen youturnontheignitionandthelastchosensetting willstayon.Ifthelightsdonotcomeon,youshouldtake yourvehicleinforservice.Anindicatorlightwillash whileshifting.Fastashingmeanstheconditions werenotmettomakethedesiredshift,typicallythe vehiclewasgoingtoofast,theautomatictransmission wasnotinneutral,ortheclutchpedalwasnotfully pressed.Slowashingmeanstheshiftisinprogress.It willstayonwhentheshiftiscompleted.Ifforsome reasonthetransfercannotmakearequestedshift,itwill returntothelastchosensetting.ShiftingfromTwo-WheelHighto Four-WheelHighPressandreleasetheFour-WheelHighswitch.This canbedoneatanyspeed,andthefrontaxlewilllock automaticallywithsomedelay.ShiftingfromFour-WheelHighto Two-WheelHighPressandreleasetheTwo-WheelHighswitch.Thiscan bedoneatanyspeed,andthefrontaxlewillunlock automaticallywithsomedelay. Itisnormaltohearandfeelyourvehicle’stransfercase shiftintoFour-WheelLow.Ifyoushiftwiththevehicle stopped,theindicatorlightmayremainashingslowly.It maybenecessarytoshiftthetransmissionmomentarily intoREVERSE(R)andDRIVE(D),foranautomatic transmission,orREVERSE(R)andFIRST(1)for amanualtransmissiontohavethelightstopashing. 2-46

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ShiftingfromTwo-WheelHighor Four-WheelHightoFour-WheelLowNotice: ShiftingthetransfercaseintoFour-Wheel Lowwhilemovingatspeedsfasterthan3mph (5km/h)maycauseprematureweartothetransfer case,andmaycausethegearstogrind.Toavoid causingprematurewear,andgrindingthegears,do notshiftthetransfercaseintoFour-WheelLowwhile thevehicleismovingfasterthan3mph(5km/h). ToshiftfromTwo-WheelHighorFour-WheelHighto Four-WheelLow,thevehiclemustbestoppedormoving lessthan3mph(5km/h)withthetransmissionin NEUTRAL(N)foranautomatictransmissionorthe clutchpedalpressedforamanualtransmission. Thepreferredmethodforshiftingintofour-wheellowis tohaveyourvehiclemoving3mph(5km/h). PressandreleasetheFour-WheelLowswitch.You mustwaitforthefour-wheellowindicatorlighttostop ashingandstayonbeforeshiftingyourtransmission intogearorreleasingtheclutchpedal. Notice: Shiftingthetransmissionintogearbefore theFour-WheelLowindicatorlighthasstopped ashingcoulddamagethetransfercase.To helpavoiddamagingyourvehicle,alwayswaitfor theFour-WheelLowindicatorlighttostopashing beforeshiftingthetransmissionintogear. IftheFour-WheelLowswitchispressedwhenyour vehicleisingearand/ormoving,theFour-WheelLow indicatorlightwillashfor30secondsandnotcomplete theshiftunlessyourvehicleismovingslowerthan 3mph(5km/h)andthetransmissionisinNEUTRAL(N). ThetransfercasewillshifttoFour-WheelHighwhile waitingtocompletetheshift.ShiftingfromFour-WheelLowto Four-WheelHighorTwo-WheelHighToshiftfromfour-wheellowtoFour-WheelHighor Two-WheelHigh,yourvehiclemustbestoppedor movinglessthan3mph(5km/h)withthetransmissionin NEUTRAL(N)foranautomatictransmissionortheclutch pedalpressedforamanualtransmission.Thepreferred methodforshiftingoutofFour-WheelLowistohaveyour vehiclemoving3mph(5km/h). PressandreleasetheTwo-WheelHighorFour-Wheel Highswitch.YoumustwaitfortheTwo-WheelHigh orFour-WheelHighindicatorlighttostopashingand remainonbeforeshiftingyourtransmissioninto gearorreleasingtheclutchpedal. IftheFour-WheelHighswitchispressedwhenyour vehicleisingearand/ormoving,theFour-WheelHigh indicatorlightwillashfor30secondsbutwillnot completetheshiftunlessthevehicleismovingslower than3mph(5km/h)andthetransmissionisin NEUTRAL(N). 2-47

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ShiftingintoNEUTRAL {CAUTION:ShiftingthetransfercasetoNEUTRALcan causeyourvehicletorollevenifthe transmissionisinPARK(P).Youorsomeone elsecouldbeseriouslyinjured.Besuretoset theparkingbrakebeforeplacingthetransfer caseinNEUTRAL.See ParkingBrakeon page2-49 ToshiftthetransfercasetoNEUTRAL,rstmakesure thevehicleisparkedsothatitwillnotroll: 1.Settheparkingbrake. 2.StartthevehicleorturntheignitiontoRUN. 3.Pressthefootbrakepedalandputthetransmission inNEUTRAL(N). 4.ShiftthetransfercasetoTwo-WheelHigh. 5.SimultaneouslypressandholdtheTwo-WheelHigh andFour-WheelLowbuttonsfor10seconds.The redNEUTRALlightwillcomeonwhenthe transfercaseshifttoNEUTRALiscomplete. 6.Starttheengineifitisnotalreadyrunning. 7.PressandholdthefootbrakepedalandShiftthe transmissiontoREVERSE(R)foronesecond, thenshiftthetransmissionforonesecondto DRIVE(D)foranautomatictransmission,or FIRST(1)forvehiclesequippedwithamanual transmissionandthenletouttheclutch.Thisisto ensurethetransfercaseisinNEUTRAL.Ifnot, repeatthisprocedurestartingatStep3. 8.Turntheengineoff,byturningthekeyto ACCESSORY. 9.PlacethetransmissionshiftleverinPARK(P)for anautomatictransmission,orFIRST(1)for vehiclesequippedwithamanualtransmission. 10.TurntheignitiontoLOCK.ShiftingOutofNEUTRALToshiftoutofNEUTRAL: 1.Settheparkingbrakeandpressandholdthe regularbrakepedal. 2.ShiftthetransmissiontoNEUTRAL(N)foran automatictransmission,orpresstheclutchpedalfor vehiclesequippedwithamanualtransmission. ThenturntheignitiontoRUNwiththeengineoff. 3.Pressthebuttonforthedesiredtransfercaseshift position(Two-WheelHigh,Four-WheelHigh,or Four-WheelLow). 2-48

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4.AfterthetransfercasehasshiftedoutofNEUTRAL theredlightwillgoout. 5.Releasetheparkingbrake. 6.Youmaystarttheengineandshiftthetransmission tothedesiredposition.Excessivelyshiftingthe transfercaseintooroutofthedifferentmodesmay causethetransfercasetoentertheshiftprotection mode.Thiswillprotectthetransfercasefrom possibledamageandwillonlyallowthetransfer casetorespondtooneshiftper10seconds. Thetransfercasemaystayinthismodeforupto threeminutes. 7.AfterthetransfercasehasshiftedoutofNEUTRAL theredlightwillgoout.ParkingBrakeTosettheparkingbrake,holdtheregularbrakepedal downwithyourrightfoot.Pushdowntheparking brakepedalwithyourleftfoot. Achimewillactivateandthewarninglightwillash whentheparkingbrakeisappliedandthevehicle ismovingatleast3mph(5km/h)foratleast threeseconds. Toreleasetheparkingbrake,holdtheregularbrake pedaldown.Pullthebottomedgeofthelever,located abovetheparkingbrakepedal,withtheparking brakesymbol,toreleasetheparkingbrake. Iftheignitionisonwhentheparkingbrakeisreleased, thebrakesystemwarninglightwillgooff. Notice: Drivingwiththeparkingbrakeoncan overheatthebrakesystemandcausepremature wearordamagetobrakesystemparts.Verifythat theparkingbrakeisfullyreleasedandthebrake warninglightisoffbeforedriving. Ifyouaretowingatrailerandareparkingonanyhill, see TowingaTraileronpage4-67 2-49

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ShiftingIntoPark(P) (AutomaticTransmission) {CAUTION:Itcanbedangeroustogetoutofyourvehicle iftheshiftleverisnotfullyinPARK(P)with theparkingbrakermlyset.Yourvehiclecan roll.Ifyouhavelefttheenginerunning,the vehiclecanmovesuddenly.Youorothers couldbeinjured.Tobesureyourvehiclewill notmove,evenwhenyouareonfairlylevel ground,usethestepsthatfollow.With four-wheeldrive,ifyourtransfercaseisin NEUTRAL,yourvehiclewillbefreetoroll, evenifyourshiftleverisinPARK(P).So,be surethetransfercaseisinadrivegear—not inNEUTRAL.Ifyouarepullingatrailer,see TowingaTraileronpage4-67 1.Holdthebrakepedaldownwithyourrightfootand settheparkingbrake. 2.MovetheshiftleverintothePARK(P)positionby pullingtheshiftlevertowardyouandmovingitup asfarasitwillgo. 3.Ifyourvehiclehasfour-wheeldrive,besurethe transfercaseisinadrivegear–notin NEUTRAL(N). 4.TurntheignitionkeytoLOCK. 5.Removethekeyandtakeitwithyou.Ifyoucan leaveyourvehiclewiththeignitionkeyinyour hand,yourvehicleisinPARK(P). 2-50

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LeavingYourVehicleWiththeEngine Running(AutomaticTransmission) {CAUTION:Itcanbedangeroustoleaveyourvehicle withtheenginerunning.Yourvehiclecould movesuddenlyiftheshiftleverisnotfullyin PARK(P)withtheparkingbrakermlyset. Ifyouhavefour-wheeldriveandyourtransfer caseisinNEUTRAL,yourvehiclewillbefree toroll,evenifyourshiftleverisinPARK(P). Sobesurethetransfercaseisinadrive gear—notinNEUTRAL. And,ifyouleavethevehiclewiththeengine running,itcouldoverheatandevencatchre. Youorotherscouldbeinjured.Donotleave yourvehiclewiththeenginerunningunless youhaveto. Ifyouhavetoleaveyourvehiclewiththeengine running,besureyourvehicleisinPARK(P)andthe parkingbrakeisrmlysetbeforeyouleaveit.Afteryou movetheshiftleverintoPARK(P),holdtheregular brakepedaldown.Then,seeifyoucanmovetheshift leverawayfromPARK(P)withoutrstpullingit towardyou.Ifyoucan,itmeansthattheshiftleverwas notfullylockedintoPARK(P).TorqueLock(AutomaticTransmission)Ifyouareparkingonahillandyoudonotshiftyour transmissionintoPARK(P)properly,theweightofthe vehiclemayputtoomuchforceontheparkingpawl inthetransmission.Youmaynditdifficulttopullthe shiftleveroutofPARK(P).Thisiscalled“torque lock.”Topreventtorquelock,settheparkingbrakeand thenshiftintoPARK(P)properlybeforeyouleave thedriver’sseat.Tondouthow,see“Shifting IntoPARK(P)”listedearlierinthissection. Whenyouarereadytodrive,movetheshiftleveroutof PARK(P)beforeyoureleasetheparkingbrake. Iftorquelockdoesoccur,youmayneedtohaveanother vehiclepushyoursalittleuphilltotakesomeofthe pressurefromtheparkingpawlinthetransmission,so youcanpulltheshiftleveroutofPARK(P). 2-51

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ShiftingOutofPark(P) (AutomaticTransmission)Yourvehiclehasanautomatictransmissionshiftlock controlsystemwhichlockstheshiftleverinPARK(P) whentheignitionisintheLOCKposition.Youhave tofullyapplyyourregularbrakesbeforeyoucanshift fromPARK(P)whentheignitionisinRUN.See AutomaticTransmissionOperationonpage2-24 and “TorqueLock”under ShiftingOutofPark(P)(Automatic Transmission)onpage2-52 IfyourvehiclehasanAllisonTransmission,the transmissionisequippedwithaparkpawldesignedto holdthehigherweightofcommercialmediumduty trucks.Therefore,theAllisonTransmissionuseslarger partsthanotherautomatictransmissions.These largerpartsmaysometimesmakeaclunknoisewhen theselectorleverismovedfromDRIVE(D)or REVERSE(R)toPARK(P).Thisisnormalandthereis nodamageoccurringduringtheseshifts. IfyoucannotshiftoutofPARK(P),easepressureon theshiftleverandpushtheshiftleverallthewayupinto PARK(P)asyoumaintainbrakeapplication.Then, movetheshiftleverintothegearyouwant. Ifyoueverholdthebrakepedaldownbutstillcan’tshift outofPARK(P),trythis: 1.TurnthekeytoACCESSORY.Thereisnoshift interlockinthiskeyposition. 2.ApplyandholdthebrakeuntiltheendofStep4. 3.ShiftthetransmissiontoNEUTRAL(N). 4.Startthevehicleandthenshifttothegearyou want. 5.Havethesystemxedassoonasyoucan. 2-52

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ParkingYourVehicle (ManualTransmission) {CAUTION:ShiftingthetransfercasetoNEUTRALcan causeyourvehicletorollevenifthemanual transmissionisingear.Yourorsomeoneelse couldbeseriouslyinjured.Besuretosetthe parkingbrakebeforeplacingthetransfercase inNEUTRAL.See ParkingBrakeonpage2-49 formoreinformation. Beforeyougetoutofyourvehicle,movetheshiftlever intoREVERSE(R),andrmlyapplytheparking brake.Oncetheshiftleverhasbeenplacedinto REVERSE(R)withtheclutchpedalpressedin,youcan turntheignitionkeytoLOCK,pressthekeyrelease button,removethekeyandreleasetheclutch. Ifyouareparkingonahill,orifyouarepullingatrailer, see TowingaTraileronpage4-67 .ParkingOverThingsThatBurn {CAUTION:Thingsthatcanburncouldtouchhotexhaust partsunderyourvehicleandignite.Donot parkoverpapers,leaves,drygrass,orother thingsthatcanburn. 2-53

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EngineExhaust {CAUTION:Engineexhaustcankill.Itcontainsthegas carbonmonoxide(CO),whichyoucannotsee orsmell.Itcancauseunconsciousnessand death. Youmighthaveexhaustcominginif:Yourexhaustsystemsoundsstrangeor different.Yourvehiclegetsrustyunderneath.Yourvehiclewasdamagedinacollision.Yourvehiclewasdamagedwhendriving overhighpointsontheroadoroverroad debris.Repairswerenotdonecorrectly.Yourvehicleorexhaustsystemhadbeen modiedimproperly. Ifyoueversuspectexhaustiscominginto yourvehicle:Driveitonlywithallthewindowsdownto blowoutanyCO;andHaveyourvehiclexedimmediately.RunningtheEngineWhileParkedItisbetternottoparkwiththeenginerunning.Butifyou everhaveto,herearesomethingstoknow. {CAUTION:Idlingtheenginewiththeclimatecontrol systemoffcouldallowdangerousexhaustinto yourvehicle.Seetheearliercautionunder EngineExhaustonpage2-54 Also,idlinginaclosed-inplacecanletdeadly carbonmonoxide(CO)intoyourvehicleevenif theclimatecontrolfanisatthehighestsetting. Oneplacethiscanhappenisagarage. Exhaust—withCO—cancomeineasily. NEVERparkinagaragewiththeengine running. Anotherclosed-inplacecanbeablizzard.See WinterDrivingonpage4-42 2-54

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{CAUTION:Itcanbedangeroustogetoutofyourvehicle iftheautomatictransmissionshiftleverisnot fullyinPARK(P)withtheparkingbrakermly set.Yourvehiclecanroll.Donotleaveyour vehiclewhentheengineisrunningunlessyou haveto.Ifyouhavelefttheenginerunning, thevehiclecanmovesuddenly.Youorothers couldbeinjured.Tobesureyourvehiclewill notmove,evenwhenitisonfairlylevel ground,alwayssettheparkingbrakeand movetheautomatictransmissionshiftleverto PARK(P),orthemanualtransmissionshift levertoNEUTRAL. {CAUTION:Four-wheeldrivevehicleswiththetransfer caseinNEUTRALwillallowthevehicletoroll, evenifyourautomatictransmissionshiftlever isinPARK(P).So,besurethetransfercaseis inadrivegear—notinNEUTRAL.Alwaysset yourparkingbrake. Followtheproperstepstobesureyourvehiclewillnot move.See ShiftingIntoPark(P)(Automatic Transmission)onpage2-50 Ifyouarepullingatrailer,see TowingaTraileron page4-67 2-55

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MirrorsManualRearviewMirrorPullorpushthetabunderthemirrortoadjustittothe nightordaytimesetting.Inthenighttimesetting, theglarefromheadlampsbehindthevehiclewillbeless intense.AutomaticDimmingRearviewMirror withOnStarandCompassYourvehiclemayhaveanautomatic-dimmingrearview mirrorwithacompassandtheOnStarsystem. TherearethreeadditionalbuttonsfortheOnStarsystem.Seeyourdealerformoreinformationonthe systemandhowtosubscribetoOnStar.See OnStarSystemonpage2-69 formoreinformationaboutthe servicesOnStarprovides.MirrorOperationWhenturnedon,thismirrorautomaticallydimstothe properleveltominimizeglarefromanyheadlamps behindyouafterdark.O(On/Off):Thisistheon/offbuttonfortheautomatic dimmingfeatureandcompass.Pressthefarleftbutton, locatedbelowthemirrorface,foruptothreeseconds toturnthefeatureonandoff.Alightonthemirrorwillbe litwhilethefeatureisturnedon.CompassOperationPresstheon/offbuttononcetoturnthecompasson oroff. Thereisacompassdisplayinthewindowintheupper rightcornerofthemirrorface.Thecompassdisplays amaximumoftwocharacters.Forexample,“NE” isdisplayedfornorth-east.CompassCalibrationPressandholdtheon/offbuttondownfornineseconds toactivatethecompasscalibrationmode.CALwill bedisplayedinthecompasswindowonthemirror. Thecompasscanbecalibratedbydrivingthevehiclein circlesat5mph(8km/h)orlessuntilthedisplay readsadirection. 2-56

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CompassVarianceCompassvarianceisthedifferencebetweenearth’s magneticnorthandtruegeographicnorth.Themirroris settozoneeightuponleavingthefactory.Itwillbe necessarytoadjustthecompasstocompensate forcompassvarianceifyouliveoutsidezoneeight. Undercertaincircumstances,suchasduringa longdistancecross-countrytrip,itwillbenecessaryto adjustforcompassvariance.Ifnotadjustedto accountforcompassvariance,yourcompasscouldgive falsereadings. Toadjustforcompassvariance,dothefollowing: 1.Findyourcurrentlocationandvariancezone numberonthemap. 2.Pressandholdtheon/offbuttonforsixseconds. ReleasethebuttonwhenZONEisdisplayed.The numbershownisthecurrentzonenumber. 3.Scrollthroughthezonenumbersthatappearinthe compass/temperaturewindowonthemirrorby pressingtheon/offbutton.Onceyoundyourzone number,releasethebutton.Afteraboutfour seconds,themirrorwillreturntothecompass display,andthenewzonenumberwillbeset. 2-57

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AutomaticDimmingRearviewMirror withOnStar,Compassand TemperatureDisplayYourvehiclemayhavethisfeature.Whenon,an automaticdimmingmirrorautomaticallydimstothe properleveltominimizeglarefromlightsbehind youafterdark. Themirroralsoincludesadualdisplayintheupper rightcornerofthemirrorface.Thecompassreadingand theoutsidetemperaturewillbothappearinthedisplay atthesametime.P(On/Off): Thisistheon/offbutton.TemperatureandCompassDisplayPresstheon/offbutton,locatedtothefarleft,brieyto turnthecompass/temperaturedisplayonoroff. IfthedisplayreadsCAL,youwillneedtocalibratethe compass.Formoreinformationoncalibration,see below. ToadjustbetweenFahrenheitandCelsiusdothe following: 1.Pressandholdtheon/offbuttonforapproximately foursecondsuntileitheraashingForCappears. 2.Pressthebuttonagaintochangethedisplaytothe desiredunitofmeasurement.Afterapproximately foursecondsofinactivity,thenewunitwillbelocked inandthecompass/temperaturedisplaywillreturn. Ifanabnormaltemperaturereadingisdisplayedforan extendedperiodoftime,pleaseconsultyourdealer. Undercertaincircumstances,adelayinupdating thetemperatureisnormal.AutomaticDimmingMirrorOperationTheautomaticdimmingmirrorfunctionisturned onautomaticallyeachtimetheignitionisstarted.To operatetheautomaticdimmingmirror,dothefollowing: 1.Makesurethegreenindicatorlight,locatedtotheleft oftheon/offbutton,islit.Ifit’snot,pressandholdthe on/offbuttonforapproximatelysixsecondsuntilthe greenlightcomeson,indicatingthatthemirrorisin automaticdimmingmode. 2.Turnofftheautomaticdimmingmirrorfunctionby pressingandholdingtheon/offbuttonfor approximatelysixseconds,untilthegreenindicator lightturnsoff. 2-58

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CompassVarianceThemirrorissetinzoneeightuponleavingthefactory. Itwillbenecessarytoadjustthecompassto compensateforcompassvarianceifyouliveoutsideof zoneeight.Undercertaincircumstances,asduringa longdistancecross-countrytrip,itwillbenecessaryto adjustforcompassvariance.Compassvarianceis thedifferencebetweenearth’smagneticnorthandtrue geographicnorth.Ifnotadjustedtoaccountfor compassvariance,yourcompasscouldgivefalse readings. Toadjustforcompassvariancedothefollowing: 1.Findyourcurrentlocationandvariancezone numberonthefollowingzonemap. 2.Pressandholdtheon/offbuttonunti laZanda zonenumberappearinthedisplay.Thecompass isnowinzonemode. 3.Keeppressingtheon/offbuttonuntilthedesired zonenumberappearsinthedisplay.Releasethe button.Afterapproximatelyfoursecondsof inactivity,thenewzonenumberwillbelockedin andthecompass/temperaturedisplaywillreturn. 4.Calibratethecompassasdescribedbelow. 2-59

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CompassCalibrationThecompassmayneedcalibrationifoneofthe followingoccurs:Afterapproximatelyveseconds,thedisplaydoes notshowacompassheading(NforNorth,for example),theremaybeastrongmagneticeld interferingwiththecompass.Suchinterferencemay becausedbyamagneticantennamount,magnetic notepadholderorasimilarmagneticitem.Thecompassdoesnotdisplaythecorrectheading andthecompasszonevarianceissetcorrectly. Inordertocalibrate,CALmustbedisplayedinthe mirrorcompasswindows.IfCALisnotdisplayed,push theon/offbuttonforapproximately12secondsor untilCALisdisplayed. Thecompasscanbecalibratedbydrivingthevehiclein circlesat5mph(8km/h)orlessuntilthedisplay readsadirection.PassengerAirbagIndicatorThevehiclemaybeequippedwithapassengerairbag indicator,onthemirrorglass,justabovethebuttons. Ifthevehiclehasthisfeature,themirrorwilldisplaythe wordON,oranairbagsymbolinCanada,whenthe passengerairbagisenabled.Formoreinformation,see PassengerSensingSystemonpage1-80 .CleaningtheMirrorWhencleaningthemirror,useapapertowelorsimilar materialdampenedwithglasscleaner.Donotspray glasscleanerdirectlyonthemirrorasthatmaycause theliquidcleanertoenterthemirrorhousing.AutomaticDimmingRearviewMirror withCompassYourvehiclemayhaveanautomatic-dimmingrearview mirrorwithacompass.MirrorOperationWhenturnedon,thismirrorautomaticallydimstothe properleveltominimizeglarefromanyheadlamps behindyouafterdark.O(On/Off):Thisistheon/offbuttonfortheautomatic dimmingfeatureandcompass.Pressthefarleftbutton, locatedbelowthemirrorface,foruptothreeseconds toturnthefeatureonandoff.Alightonthemirrorwillbe litwhilethefeatureisturnedon. 2-60

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CompassOperationPresstheon/offbuttononcetoturnthecompasson oroff. Thereisacompassdisplayinthewindowintheupper rightcornerofthemirrorface.Thecompassdisplays amaximumoftwocharacters.Forexample,“NE” isdisplayedfornorth-east.CompassCalibrationPressandholdtheon/offbuttondownfornineseconds toactivatethecompasscalibrationmode.CALwill bedisplayedinthecompasswindowonthemirror. Thecompasscanbecalibratedbydrivingthevehiclein circlesat5mph(8km/h)orlessuntilthedisplay readsadirection.CompassVarianceCompassvarianceisthedifferencebetweenearth’s magneticnorthandtruegeographicnorth.Themirroris settozoneeightuponleavingthefactory.Itwillbe necessarytoadjustthecompasstocompensatefor compassvarianceifyouliveoutsidezoneeight.Under certaincircumstances,suchasduringalongdistance cross-countrytrip,itwillbenecessarytoadjustfor compassvariance.Ifnotadjustedtoaccountforcompass variance,yourcompasscouldgivefalsereadings. Toadjustforcompassvariance,dothefollowing: 1.Findyourcurrentlocationandvariancezone numberonthemap. 2.Pressandholdtheon/offbuttonforsixseconds. ReleasethebuttonwhenZONEisdisplayed.The numbershownisthecurrentzonenumber. 3.Scrollthroughthezonenumbersthatappearinthe compass/temperaturewindowonthemirrorby pressingtheon/offbutton.Onceyoundyourzone number,releasethebutton.Afteraboutfour seconds,themirrorwillreturntothecompass display,andthenewzonenumberwillbeset. 2-61

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AutomaticDimmingRearviewMirror withCompassandTemperature DisplayIfthevehicleisequippedwithanautomaticmirror,it will,whenon,automaticallydimtotheproperlevel tominimizeglarefromlightsbehindyouafterdark. Themirroralsoincludesadisplayintheupper rightcornerofthemirrorface.Thecompassreading andtheoutsidetemperaturewillbothappearin thedisplayatthesametime.Thedualdisplaycanbe turnedonoroffbybrieypressingeithertheTEMP ortheCOMPbutton.TemperatureDisplayThetemperaturecanbedisplayedbypressingthe TEMPbutton.PressingtheTEMPbuttononcebriey, willtogglethetemperaturereadingonandoff.To alternatethetemperaturereadingbetweenFahrenheit andCelsius,pressandholdtheTEMPbuttonfor approximatelyfoursecondsuntilthedisplayblinksF andC.PressandreleasetheTEMPbuttontotoggle betweentheFahrenheitandCelsiusreadings.After approximatelyfoursecondsofinactivity,thedisplaywill stopblinkinganddisplaythelastselectionmade. Ifanabnormalreadingisdisplayed,foranextended periodoftime,pleaseconsultyourdealer.Undercertain circumstances,adelayinupdatingthetemperatureis normal.AutomaticDimmingMirrorOperationThetimeperiodyouneedtopressandholdtheTEMP buttontoturntheautomaticdimmingfeatureonor offisapproximatelyeightseconds.Theindicatorlightto theleftoftheTEMPbuttonwillstillturnonoroffto showyouwhentheautomaticdimmingfeatureis activated.Oncethemirroristurnedoff,itwillremainoff untilitisturnedbackon,oruntilthevehicleis restarted.CompassOperationPresstheCOMPbuttononcebrieytoturnthecompass onoroff. Whentheignitionandthecompassfeatureareon,the compasswillshowtwocharacterboxesfor approximatelytwoseconds.Aftertwoseconds,the mirrorwilldisplaythecompassheading. 2-62

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CompassCalibrationThecompassmayneedcalibrationifoneofthe followingoccurs:IfCALisdisplayedwhiledrivinginthevehicle.Afterapproximatelyveseconds,thedisplaydoes notshowacompassheading(NforNorth,for example),theremaybeastrongmagneticeld interferingwiththecompass.Suchinterferencemay becausedbyamagneticantennamount,magnetic notepadholderorasimilarmagneticitem.Thecompassdoesnotdisplaythecorrectheading andthecompasszonevarianceissetcorrectly. Inordertocalibrate,CALmustbedisplayedinthe mirrorcompasswindows.IfCALisnotdisplayed,push intheCOMPbuttonforapproximatelyeightseconds oruntilCALisdisplayed. Thecompasscanbecalibratedbydrivingthevehiclein circlesat5mph(8km/h)orlessuntilthedisplay readsadirection.CompassVarianceThemirrorissetinzoneeightuponleavingthefactory. Itwillbenecessarytoadjustthecompassto compensateforcompassvarianceifyouliveoutside zoneeight.Undercertaincircumstances,asduring alongdistancecross-countrytrip,itwillbenecessaryto adjustforcompassvariance.Compassvarianceis thedifferencebetweenearth’smagneticnorthandtrue geographicnorth.Ifnotadjustedtoaccountfor compassvariance,yourcompasscouldgivefalse readings. 2-63

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Toadjustforcompassvariance: 1.Findyourcurrentlocationandvariancezone numberonthefollowingzonemap. 2.PressandholdtheCOMPbuttonforveseconds untilazonenumberappearsinthedisplay. 3.PresstheCOMPbuttononthebottomofthemirror untilthenewzonenumberappearsinthedisplay. Afteryoustoppressingthebutton,thedisplay willshowacompassdirectionwithinafewseconds.PassengerAirbagIndicatorThemirrormaybeequippedwithapassengerairbag indicatoronthemirrorglass,justabovethebuttons. Ifthevehiclehasthisfeaturethemirrorwilldisplaythe wordON,oranairbagsymbolinCanada,whenthe passengerairbagisenabled.Formoreinformationsee PassengerSensingSystemonpage1-80CleaningtheMirrorWhencleaningthemirror,useapapertowelorsimilar materialdampenedwithglasscleaner.Donotspray glasscleanerdirectlyonthemirrorasthatmaycause theliquidcleanertoenterthemirrorhousing.OutsideManualMirrorsAdjustyouroutsidemirrorssoyoucanjustseetheside ofyourvehicleandhaveaclearviewofobjects behindyou.Themirrorscanbefoldedintoenternarrow areas. Theuseofhood-mountedairdeectorsandadd-on convexmirrorattachmentsmayadverselyaffectmirror performance. 2-64

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OutsideCamper-TypeMirrorsIfyourvehicleisequippedwiththisstylecamper-type mirrors,theycanbeadjustedsoyoucanhavea clearviewoftheobjectsbehindyou. Pulloutthemirrorheadtoextenditforbettervisibility whentowingatrailer. Ifyourvehicleisequipped withthisstylecamper-type mirrors,theycanbe adjustedsoyoucanhave aclearviewofthe objectsbehindyou. Adjustthemirrorbyturningitleftorright.Oncethe mirrorisadjustedtothecorrectposition,tightentheset screwtoholdthemirrorinplace.Thesemirrorscan alsobemanuallyfoldedin. Onthelowerportionofthemirrorisaconvexmirror.A convexmirror’ssurfaceiscurvedsoyoucansee morefromthedriver’sseat. Ifyourvehicleisequippedwiththistrailertowingtype mirror,theycanbeadjustedsoyoucanhavea clearviewoftheobjectsbehindyou.Pulloutthemirror headtoextenditforbettervisibilitywhentowinga trailer. Thesemirrorscanalsobemanuallyfoldedin.Onthe lowerportionofthemirrorisaconvexmirror.Aconvex mirror’ssurfaceiscurvedsoyoucanseemorefrom thedriver’sseat. 2-65

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OutsideWestCoast-TypeMirrorsIfyourvehicleisequippedwiththesemirrors,theycan beadjustedsoyoucanhaveaclearviewofobjects behindyou. A.OuterMirrorFrame B.MirrorHead C.Nut Themirrorscanbeadjustedbyturningthemirror head(B)andmovingtheoutermirrorframe(A) backwardorforward.Youcanalsoloosenthenut(C) onthetopandbottomoftheoutermirrorframetotiltthe mirrorhead.OutsidePowerMirrorsIfyourvehicleisequipped withpoweroutsidemirrors, thecontrolsarelocated onthedriver’sdoor armrest. Movetheselectorswitchlocatedabovethecontrolpad totheleftorrighttochoosethemirroryouwantto adjust,thenpressthedotslocatedonthefour-way controlpadtoadjustthemirror. Themirrorscanbemanuallyfoldedinwardtoprevent damagewhengoingthroughanautomaticcarwash.To fold,pushthemirrortowardthevehicle.Toreturnthe mirrortoitsoriginalposition,pushoutward.Besure toreturnbothmirrorstotheiroriginalunfoldedposition beforedriving. 2-66

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OutsidePowerFoldawayMirrorsIfyourvehicleisequipped withthisfeature,the controlsarelocatedonthe driver’sdoorarmrest. Movetheupperselectorswitchtotheleftorrightto choosethemirroryouwanttoadjust;thenpress thedotslocatedonthefour-waycontrolpadtoadjust themirror. Themirrorsmayalsoincludeamemoryfunctionwhich workstogetherwiththememoryseats.See Memory Seatonpage2-79 formoreinformation. Tofoldorunfoldthemirrors,movetheselectorswitch, locatedabovethemirrorcontrol,tothemiddle position.Themirrorcontrolwillilluminate.Pressthe rightorleftsideofthemirrorcontroltofoldorunfoldthe mirrors.Youmaynoticethemirrorglassadjustasthe mirrorsfoldin;thisisnormal.Themirrorglasswill repositionitselfoncethemirrorsareunfolded. Ifthemirrorsareaccidentallyfolded/unfoldedmanually, theymayshakeorutteratnormaldrivingspeeds andmaynotstayintheunfoldedposition.Ifthis happens,youwillneedtoresetthemirrors.See “ResettingthePowerFoldawayMirrors”next.ResettingthePowerFoldawayMirrorsYouwillneedtoresetthepowerfoldawaymirrorsifthe followingoccurs:Theyareaccidentallymanuallyfolded/unfolded.Themirrorswillnotstayintheunfoldedposition.Themirrorsshakeandutteratnormaldriving speeds. Toresetthepowerfoldawaymirrors,foldandunfold thematleastthreetimesusingthemirrorcontrols.This willresetthemtotheirnormalposition. 2-67

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OutsideAutomaticDimmingMirrorIfyourvehicleisequippedwiththisfeature,thedriver’s outsidemirrorwilladjustfortheglareofheadlamps behindyou.Thisfeatureiscontrolledbytheonandoff settingsfoundontheelectrochromicmirror.OutsideCurbViewAssistMirrorsIfthevehiclehasthememorypackage,theoutside mirrorsareabletoperformthecurbviewassistmirror function.Thisfeaturewillcausethepassenger’s and/ordriver’smirrortotilttoapreselectedposition whenthevehicleisinREVERSE(R).Thisfeaturemay beusefulinallowingthedrivertoviewthecurbwhen parallelparking.Whenthevehicleisshiftedoutof REVERSE(R)andashortdelayhasoccurred, thepassenger’sand/ordriver’smirrorwillreturntoits originalposition. Tochangethepreselectedtiltposition,adjustthe mirrorstothedesiredpositionwhilethevehicleisin REVERSE(R).Whenthevehicleisshiftedoutof REVERSE(R),thisnewpositionissavedinmemoryas thetiltposition. ThisfeaturecanbeturnedonoroffthroughtheDriver InformationCenter(DIC).See DriverInformation Center(DIC)onpage3-51 formoreinformation.OutsideConvexMirrorYourpassenger’ssidemirrorisconvex.Aconvex mirror’ssurfaceiscurvedsoyoucanseemorefromthe driver’sseat. {CAUTION:Aconvexmirrorcanmakethings(likeother vehicles)lookfartherawaythantheyreallyare. Ifyoucuttoosharplyintotherightlane,you couldhitavehicleonyourright.Checkyour insidemirrororglanceoveryourshoulder beforechanginglanes.OutsideHeatedMirrorsThevehiclemayhaveoutsideheatedmirrorswhich helpsclearthemofcondensation,snow,andice. Themirrorheatiscontrolledbypressingtheoutside mirrorbutton,ifthevehiclehasaslidingrearwindow,or therearwindowdefoggerbutton.See“RearWindow Defogger”under DualAutomaticClimateControlSystem onpage3-24 forfurtherinformation. Themirrorheatwillturnoffabout10minutesafterthe buttonispressed.Pressthebuttonagainifadditional warmingtimeisneeded. 2-68

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OnStarSystemOnStarusesglobalpositioningsystem(GPS)satellite technology,wirelesscommunications,andliveadvisors toprovideyouwithawiderangeofsafety,security, information,andconvenienceservices.Ifyourairbags deploy,thesystemisdesignedtomakeanautomaticcall toOnStarEmergencywherewecanrequestemergency servicesbesenttoyourlocation.Ifyoulockyourkeysin thecar,callOnStarat1-888-4-ONSTARandtheycan sendasignaltounlockyourdoors.Ifyouneedroadside assistance,presstheOnStarbuttonandtheywillget youthehelpyouneed. AcompleteOnStarUser’sGuideandtheTermsand ConditionsoftheOnStarSubscriptionService Agreementareincludedinthevehicle’sglovebox literature.Formoreinformation,visitwww.onstar.comor www.onstar.ca.ContactOnStarat1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827),orpresstheOnStarbuttontospeak toanOnStaradvisor24hoursaday,7daysaweek. TermsandconditionsoftheSubscriptionService Agreementcanbefoundatwww.onstar.comor www.onstar.ca.OnStarServicesFornewvehiclesequippedwithOnStar,theSafeand SoundPlanisincludedforoneyearfromthedateof purchase.Youcanextendthisplanbeyondthe rstyear,orupgradetotheDirectionsandConnectionsPlantomeetyourneeds.Formoreinformation,press theOnStarbuttontospeaktoanadvisor.SafeandSoundPlan AutomaticNoticationofAirbagDeploymentEmergencyServicesRoadsideAssistanceStolenVehicleTrackingAccidentAssistRemoteDoorUnlock/VehicleAlertRemoteDiagnosticsOnlineConcierge 2-69

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DirectionsandConnectionsPlan AllSafeandSoundPlanServicesDrivingDirectionsRideAssistInformationandConvenienceServicesOnStarPersonalCallingAsanOnStarsubscriber,thePersonalCalling capabilityallowsyoutomakehands-freecallsusinga wirelesssystemthatisintegratedintothevehicle. Callscanbeplacednationwideusingsimplevoice commandswithnoadditionalcontractsandnoadditional roamingcharges.TondoutmoreaboutOnStarPersonalCalling,refertotheOnStarUser’sGuidein thevehicle’sglovebox,visitwww.onstar.comor www.onstar.ca,orspeaktoanOnStaradvisorby pressingtheOnStarbuttonorcalling1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).OnStarVirtualAdvisorYourvehiclemayhaveVirtualAdvisor.Itisafeatureof OnStarPersonalCallingthatusesminutestoaccess weather,localtrafficreports,andstockquotes.By pressingthephonebuttonandgivingafewsimplevoice commands,youcanbrowsethroughthevarious topics.Customizeyourinformationproleat www.myonstar.com.SeetheOnStarUser’sGuidefor moreinformation.OnStarSteeringWheelControlsYourvehiclemaybe equippedwithaTalk/Mute buttonthatcanbeused tointeractwithOnStar. SeetheAudioSteering WheelControlsectionfor yourspecicvehicle operation. Whencallingintovoicemailsystems,ortodialdirectory numbers,pressthisbuttononce,waitfortheresponse, saythenumber(s)tobedialed,waitforthenumber(s) toberepeatedandthensay“dial”.SeetheOnStarUser’sGuideformoreinformation. 2-70

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UniversalHomeRemote SystemTheUniversalHomeRemoteSystem,acombined universaltransmitterandreceiver,providesawayto replaceuptothreehand-heldtransmittersusedto activatedevicessuchasgateoperators,garagedoor openers,entrydoorlocks,securitysystems,and homelighting. IfyourvehicleisequippedwiththeUniversalHome RemoteTransmitter,itcomplieswithPart15ofthe FCCRules.Operationissubjecttothefollowing twoconditions:(1)thisdevicemaynotcauseharmful interference,and(2)thisdevicemustacceptany interferencereceived,includinginterferencethatmay causeundesiredoperation. ThisdevicecomplieswithRSS-210ofIndustryCanada. Operationissubjecttothefollowingtwoconditions: (1)thisdevicemaynotcauseinterference,and(2)this devicemustacceptanyinterferencereceived, includinginterferencethatmaycauseundesired operationofthedevice. Changesandmodicationstothissystembyotherthan anauthorizedservicefacilitycouldvoidauthorization tousethisequipment. 2-71

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UniversalHomeRemoteSystem OperationDonotusetheUniversalHomeRemotewithany garagedooropenerthatdoesnothavethe“stopand reverse”feature.Thisincludesanygaragedooropener modelmanufacturedbeforeApril1,1982.Ifyou haveanewergaragedooropenerwithrollingcodes, pleasebesuretofollowSteps6through8tocomplete theprogrammingofyourUniversalHomeRemote Transmitter. Readtheinstructionscompletelybeforeattemptingto programtheUniversalHomeRemote.Becauseof thestepsinvolved,itmaybehelpfultohaveanother personavailabletoassistyouintheprogrammingsteps. Keeptheoriginalhand-heldtransmitterforusein othervehiclesaswellasforfutureUniversalHome Remoteprogramming.Itisalsorecommendedthatupon thesaleofthevehicle,theprogrammedUniversal HomeRemotebuttonsshouldbeerasedforsecurity purposes.See“ErasingUniversalHomeRemote Buttons”laterinthissectionor,forassistance,see CustomerAssistanceOfficesonpage7-4 Besurethatpeopleandobjectsareclearofthegarage doororgateoperatoryouareprogramming.When programmingagaragedoor,itisadvisedtoparkoutside ofthegarage. Itisrecommendedthatanewbatterybeinstalledin yourhand-heldtransmitterforquickerandmore accuratetransmissionoftheradio-frequencysignal.ProgrammingUniversalHomeRemoteFollowthesestepstoprogramuptothreechannels: 1.PressandholddownthetwooutsideUniversal HomeRemotebuttons,releasingonlywhenthe UniversalHomeRemoteindicatorlightbeginsto ash,after20seconds.Donotholddownthe buttonsforlongerthan30secondsanddonotrepeat thissteptoprogramasecondand/orthirdhand-held transmittertotheremainingtwoUniversalHome Remotebuttons. 2.Positiontheendofyourhand-heldtransmitter about1to3inches(3to8cm)awayfromthe UniversalHomeRemotebuttonswhilekeepingthe indicatorlightinview. 3.Simultaneouslypressandholdboththedesired UniversalHomeRemotebuttonandthehand-held transmitterbutton.Donotreleasethebuttons untilStep4hasbeencompleted. Someentrygatesandgaragedooropenersmay requireyoutosubstituteStep3withtheprocedure notedin“GateOperatorandCanadian Programming”laterinthissection. 2-72

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4.Theindicatorlightwillashslowlyatrstandthen rapidlyafterUniversalHomeRemotesuccessfully receivesthefrequencysignalfromthehand-held transmitter.Releasebothbuttons. 5.Pressandholdthenewly-trainedUniversalHome Remotebuttonandobservetheindicatorlight. Iftheindicatorlightstaysonconstantly, programmingiscompleteandyourdeviceshould activatewhentheUniversalHomeRemotebuttonis pressedandreleased. ToprogramtheremainingtwoUniversalHome Remotebuttons,beginwithStep2under “ProgrammingUniversalHomeRemote.”Donot repeatStep1asthiswilleraseallofthe programmedchannels. Iftheindicatorlightblinksrapidlyfortwoseconds andthenturnstoaconstantlight,continuewith Steps6through8followingtocompletethe programmingofarolling-codeequippeddevice, mostcommonly,agaragedooropener. 6.Locateinthegarage,thegaragedooropener receiver(motor-headunit).Locatethe“Learn” or“Smart”button.Thiscanusuallybefoundwhere thehangingantennawireisattachedtothe motor-headunit. 7.Firmlypressandreleasethe“Learn”or“Smart” button.Thenameandcolorofthebuttonmay varybymanufacturer. Youwillhave30secondstostartStep8. 8.Returntothevehicle.Firmlypressandholdthe programmedUniversalHomeRemotebuttonfor twoseconds,thenrelease.Repeatthe press/hold/releasesequenceasecondtime,and dependingonthebrandofthegaragedooropener, orotherrollingcodedevice,repeatthissequence athirdtimetocompletetheprogramming. TheUniversalHomeRemoteshouldnowactivate yourrolling-codeequippeddevice. ToprogramtheremainingtwoUniversalHomeRemote buttons,beginwithStep2of“ProgrammingUniversal HomeRemote.”YoudonotwanttorepeatStep1, asthiswilleraseallpreviousprogrammingfrom theUniversalHomeRemotebuttons. 2-73

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GateOperatorandCanadian ProgrammingCanadianradio-frequencylawsrequiretransmitter signalstotimeoutorquitafterseveralsecondsof transmission.ThismaynotbelongenoughforUniversal HomeRemotetopickupthesignalduringprogramming. Similarly,someU.S.gateoperatorsaremanufactured totimeoutinthesamemanner. IfyouliveinCanada,oryouarehavingdifficulty programmingagateoperatororgaragedooropenerby usingthe“ProgrammingUniversalHomeRemote” procedures,regardlessofwhereyoulive,replaceStep 3under“ProgrammingUniversalHomeRemote” withthefollowing: ContinuetopressandholdtheUniversalHomeRemote buttonwhileyoupressandreleaseeverytwoseconds (cycle)thehand-heldtransmitterbuttonuntilthe frequencysignalhasbeensuccessfullyacceptedbythe UniversalHomeRemote.TheUniversalHomeRemote indicatorlightwillashslowlyatrstandthenrapidly. ProceedwithStep4under“ProgrammingUniversal HomeRemote”tocomplete.UsingUniversalHomeRemotePressandholdtheappropriateUniversalHomeRemote buttonforatleasthalfofasecond.Theindicatorlight willcomeonwhilethesignalisbeingtransmitted.ErasingUniversalHomeRemote ButtonsToeraseprogrammingfromthethreeUniversalHome Remotebuttonsdothefollowing: 1.Pressandholddownthetwooutsidebuttonsuntil theindicatorlightbeginstoash,after20seconds. Donotholdthetwooutsidebuttonsforlonger than30seconds. 2.Releasebothbuttons. TheUniversalHomeRemoteisnowinthetrain (learning)modeandcanbeprogrammedatanytime beginningwithStep2under“ProgrammingUniversal HomeRemote”shownearlierinthissection. Individualbuttonscannotbeerased,buttheycanbe reprogrammed.See“ReprogrammingaSingleUniversal HomeRemoteButton”followingthissection. 2-74

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ReprogrammingaSingleUniversal HomeRemoteButtonToprogramadevicetoUniversalHomeRemoteusing aUniversalHomeRemotebuttonpreviouslytrained, followthesesteps: 1.PressandholdthedesiredUniversalHome Remotebutton.Donotreleasethebutton. 2.Theindicatorlightwillbegintoashafter 20seconds.WhilestillholdingtheUniversalHome Remotebutton,proceedwithStep2under “ProgrammingUniversalHomeRemote”shown earlierinthissection. ForadditionalinformationonUniversalHomeRemote, see CustomerAssistanceOfficesonpage7-4 .StorageAreasGloveBoxOpenthegloveboxbypullingthebottomofthehandle upward.Cupholder(s)Yourvehiclemayhavecupholderslocatedinthefront console,orinthefold-downarmrest.Coinholder(s)Yourvehiclemayhaveacoinholderinsidethecenter consolestoragearea. 2-75

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FrontStorageAreaYourvehiclemayhaveacenterarmreststorage compartmentinthefrontbenchseat. Toopenit,folddownthearmrestandpressthelatch handlelocatedatthefrontofthearmrest.Then,letthe lidpopupandswingopen. Thestoragecompartmentmayhaveacassette/compact discholder.CenterConsoleStorageAreaYourvehiclemaybeequippedwithaconsole compartmentbetweenthebucketseats. Toopenit,pressthebuttonlocatedontherightsideof thefrontofthelidandswingthelidopen. Yourvehiclemayhaveacompactdischolderinthe console. Yourconsolemayhaveacupholderthatswingsdown fortherearseatpassengerstouse.Thefrontcupholder pullsoutandswivels180toprovideclearance betweentallbeveragecontainersandthemanual transmissionshiftlever(ifequipped).TonneauCoverIfyourvehicleisequippedwithatonneaucover,follow thedirectionsbelowtoremovethecover. 1.Toremove,unsnapthe cover.Rollitupand stowitusingthebuckle andthestraplocated atthefrontofthebox. 2-76

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A.Backrail B.Siderail C.Rearbow D.Centerbow E.Frontbow F.Frontrail 2.Removethetonneaucoverfromthenotchinthe frontrailonthedriver’ssideofthevehicle. 3.Removethethreebowsbygentlypushingthem againstthespring-loadedend.Thethreebows arelabeledfront,center,reartoremindyouofthe orderinwhichtoreinstallthem. 2-77

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4.Toaddcargotothe box,removeallbows andthebackrail andstowthemsafely. Tocleanthetonneaucover,usemildsoapandwater.If necessary,useasoftbristlebrushtoremovedirt trappedinthegrainofthematerial.SunroofThevehiclemaybeequippedwithapowersliding sunroof.Toopenorcloseyoursunroof,theignitionmust beonorRetainedAccessoryPower(RAP)mustbe active.See RetainedAccessoryPower(RAP)on page2-22 formoreinformation. Thesunroofcontrolis locatedontheoverhead console.Pressthe rearofthecontroltoopen thesunrooftothevent position,thenpress therearofthecontrol againtoexpress-openthe sunroof. Toclosethesunroof,pressandholdthefrontofthe control.Thecontrolmustbehelduntiltheglass stopsmoving,sothatthesunroofwillbefullyseated. Thesunroofalsohasarollersunscreenthatcan beusedtoblocktheraysofthesun.Theroller sunscreencanbemanuallyoperatedwiththesunroofin anopenorclosedposition.Toopenthesunscreen, pressuptounlatchitandrollitback.Toclose,pullit forwardandlatchittothecloseposition. Ifthebatteryhasbeenrecharged,disconnected,ornot working,thesunroofmayneedtobereprogrammed. Todothis,startthevehicleandpressforwardon thesunroofcontroluntilitmovestoafullyclosed position.Thisresetsthesunroofmemory,enablingthe sunrooftofunctionproperly. 2-78

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VehiclePersonalizationInadditiontothefollowingfeatures,yourvehiclemay alsohavefeaturesthatcanbeprogrammedthroughthe DriverInformationCenter(DIC).See DICVehicle Customizationonpage3-64 formoreinformation.MemorySeatIfyourvehiclehasthis feature,thecontrolsforthe memoryfunctionare locatedonthedriver’sdoor. Thesebuttonsareusedtoprogramandrecallmemory settingsforthedriver’sseatandboththedriver’s andpassenger’soutsidemirrors.Thesettingsforthese featurescanbesavedforuptotwodrivers. Tostorethememorysettings,dothefollowing: 1.Ifyouhaveanautomatictransmission,placethe vehicleinPARK(P). Ifyouhaveamanualtransmission,settheparking brake. 2.Adjustthedriver’sseat,includingtheseatback reclinerandlumbar,andbothoutsidemirrorsto yourpreference. 3.Pressandholdthe1or2buttonofthememory controlforthreeseconds.Adoublechimewillsound toletyouknowthatthepositionhasbeenstored. Torepeattheprocedureforaseconddriver,followthe precedingsteps,butpresstheothernumbered memorycontrolbutton. Torecallamemoryposition,dooneofthefollowing:Ifyouhaveanautomatictransmission,press andreleasethedesiredbutton1or2while thevehicleisinPARK(P).Asinglechimewill soundandthememorypositionwillberecalled. IfthevehicleisnotinPARK(P),thememory positionwillnotberecalled.Ifyouhaveamanualtransmission,pressand releasethedesiredbutton1or2whiletheparking brakeisset.Asinglechimewillsoundandthe memorypositionwillberecalled. Iftheparkingbrakeisnotset,thememoryposition willnotberecalled. Tostoprecallmovementofthememoryseatfeatureat anytime,pressoneofthememorybuttonsorpower seatcontrols. 2-79

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EasyExitSeatThecontrolsforthismemoryfunctionarelocatedonthe driver’sdoor.B(EasyExitSeat): Thisbuttonisusedtoprogram andrecallthedesireddriver’sseatpositionwhenexiting orenteringthevehicle.Theseatpositioncanbe savedforuptotwodrivers. Tostoretheseatexitposition,dothefollowing: 1.Ifyouhaveanautomatictransmission,placethe vehicleinPARK(P). Ifyouhaveamanualtransmission,settheparking brake. 2.Pressandreleasethe1or2button.Theseatwill movetothestoredmemoryposition. 3.Adjusttheseattothedesiredexitposition. 4.Pressandholdtheexitbuttonofthememory controlforthreeseconds.Adoublechimewillsound toletyouknowthatthepositionhasbeenstored fortheselectedbutton1or2. Torepeattheprocedureforaseconddriver,followthe precedingsteps,butpresstheothernumbered memorycontrolbutton. Tousetheseatexitposition,dooneofthefollowing:Ifyouhaveanautomatictransmission,press andreleasetheexitbuttononthememorycontrol whilethevehicleisinPARK(P).Ifyouhaveamanualtransmission,pressand releasetheexitbuttononthememorycontrolwhile theparkingbrakeisset.IfthisfeatureisactivatedintheDriverInformation Center(DIC),removingthekeyfromtheignition willmovetheseattotheexitposition. See“EasyExitSeat”under DICVehicleCustomization onpage3-64 formoreinformationonactivatingthis featureintheDIC. 2-80

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InstrumentPanelOverview .............................. .3-4 HazardWarningFlashers ............................... .3-6 OtherWarningDevices .................................. .3-6 Horn ............................................................ .3-6 TiltWheel .................................................... .3-6 TurnSignal/MultifunctionLever ........................ .3-7 TurnandLane-ChangeSignals ....................... .3-7 HeadlampHigh/Low-BeamChanger ................. .3-8 Flash-to-Pass ................................................ .3-8 WindshieldWipers ......................................... .3-9 WindshieldWasher ........................................ .3-9 CruiseControl ............................................. .3-10 Headlamps ................................................. .3-13 HeadlampsonReminder ............................... .3-14 DaytimeRunningLamps(DRL) ...................... .3-14 AutomaticHeadlampSystem ......................... .3-14 FogLamps ................................................. .3-16 AuxiliaryRoofMountedLamp ........................ .3-16 InstrumentPanelBrightness .......................... .3-17 DomeLamps .............................................. .3-17 DomeLampOverride ................................... .3-17 EntryLighting .............................................. .3-17 ExitLighting ................................................ .3-17 FrontReadingLamps ................................... .3-18 CargoLamp ................................................ .3-18 AccessoryPowerOutlet(s) ............................ .3-18 Ashtray(s)andCigaretteLighter ..................... .3-19 ClimateControls ........................................... .3-20 ClimateControlSystem ................................ .3-20 DualClimateControlSystem ......................... .3-21 DualAutomaticClimateControlSystem .......... .3-24 OutletAdjustment ........................................ .3-29 WarningLights,Gages,andIndicators ........... .3-30 InstrumentPanelCluster ............................... .3-31 SpeedometerandOdometer .......................... .3-32 TripOdometer ............................................. .3-32 Tachometer ................................................ .3-32 SafetyBeltReminderLight ............................ .3-33 AirbagReadinessLight ................................. .3-33 AirbagOffLight ........................................... .3-34 PassengerAirbagStatusIndicator .................. .3-36 BatteryWarningLight ................................... .3-39 VoltmeterGage ........................................... .3-39 Up-ShiftLight(ManualTransmission) .............. .3-40 BrakeSystemWarningLight ......................... .3-41 Anti-LockBrakeSystemWarningLight ............ .3-42 TractionOffLight ......................................... .3-42 EngineCoolantTemperatureGage ................. .3-43 TransmissionTemperatureGage .................... .3-43 MalfunctionIndicatorLamp ............................ .3-45 OilPressureGage ....................................... .3-47 SecurityLight .............................................. .3-48 CruiseControlLight ..................................... .3-48 HighbeamOnLight ...................................... .3-49 Section3InstrumentPanel 3-1

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Four-Wheel-DriveLight ................................. .3-49 Tow/HaulModeLight ................................... .3-49 CargoLampLight ........................................ .3-49 FuelGage .................................................. .3-50 LowFuelWarningLight ................................ .3-50 DriverInformationCenter(DIC) ...................... .3-51 DICOperationandDisplays .......................... .3-52 DICWarningsandMessages ........................ .3-54 DICVehicleCustomization ............................ .3-64 AudioSystem(s) ............................................ .3-70 SettingtheTimeforRadioswithout RadioDataSystems(RDS) ....................... .3-71 SettingtheTimeforRadioswith RadioDataSystems(RDS) ....................... .3-71 AM-FMRadio .............................................. .3-72 RadiowithCD ............................................. .3-74 RadiowithCassetteandCD ......................... .3-85 RadiowithSix-DiscCD ................................ .3-99 RearSeatEntertainmentSystem .................. .3-114 RearSeatAudio(RSA) ............................... .3-125 Theft-DeterrentFeature ............................... .3-126 AudioSteeringWheelControls ..................... .3-127 RadioReception ........................................ .3-128 CareoftheCassetteTapePlayer ................ .3-128 CareofYourCDsandDVDs ....................... .3-129 CareoftheCDandDVDPlayer .................. .3-130 FixedMastAntenna ................................... .3-130 XM™SatelliteRadioAntennaSystem ........... .3-130 ChimeLevelAdjustment .............................. .3-130 Section3InstrumentPanel 3-2

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NOTES 3-3

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InstrumentPanelOverviewAutomaticTransmissionVersionshown,ManualTransmissionVersionsimilar 3-4

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Themaincomponentsofyourinstrumentpanelarethefollowing: A.DomeLampOverrideButton.See DomeLamp Overrideonpage3-17 B.HeadlampControls.See Headlampsonpage3-13 C.AirOutlets.See OutletAdjustmentonpage3-29 D.AutomaticTransferCase/ElectronicTransfer Case/TractionAssistSystem(TAS).See Four-Wheel Driveonpage2-36 and TractionAssistSystem (TAS)onpage4-9 E.MultifunctionLever.See TurnSignal/Multifunction Leveronpage3-7 F.InstrumentPanelCluster.See InstrumentPanel Clusteronpage3-31 G.RangeSelectionMode(AllisonTransmissiononly) Button(IfEquipped).See AutomaticTransmission Operationonpage2-24 H.GearshiftLever.See AutomaticTransmission Operationonpage2-24 or ManualTransmission Operationonpage2-32 formanualtransmissions. I.Tow/HaulSelectorButton(IfEquipped).See Tow/HaulModeonpage2-30 J.AudioSystem.See AudioSystem(s)onpage3-70 K.ClimateControlSystem.See ClimateControl Systemonpage3-20 DualClimateControlSystem onpage3-21 and DualAutomaticClimateControl Systemonpage3-24 L.InstrumentPanelFuseBlock. InstrumentPanelFuse Blockonpage5-124 M.CargoLampButton.See CargoLamponpage3-18 N.HoodRelease.See HoodReleaseonpage5-13 O.SteeringWheelControlButtons(IfEquipped). See DriverInformationCenter(DIC)onpage3-51 or AudioSteeringWheelControlsonpage3-127 P.CenterInstrumentPanelFuseBlock.See Center InstrumentPanelFuseBlockonpage5-126 Q.ParkingBrakeRelease.See ParkingBrakeon page2-49 R.TiltWheelLever.See TiltWheelonpage3-6 S.CigaretteLighter.See Ashtray(s)andCigarette Lighteronpage3-19 T.AccessoryPowerOutlet.See AccessoryPower Outlet(s)onpage3-18 U.ManualSelectableRideControl(IfEquipped).See ManualSelectableRideonpage4-11 V.AuxiliaryRoofMountedLampButton(IfEquipped). See AuxiliaryRoofMountedLamponpage3-16 W.PassengerAirbagOffSwitch(IfEquipped).See AirbagOffSwitchonpage1-77 X.GloveBox.See GloveBoxonpage2-75 3-5

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HazardWarningFlashersYourhazardwarningashersletyouwarnothers.They alsoletpoliceknowyouhaveaproblem.Yourfront andrearturnsignallampswillashonandoff. Thehazardwarning asherbuttonislocatedon topofthesteering column. Yourhazardwarningashersworknomatterwhat positionyourkeyisin,andevenifthekeyisnotinthe ignition. Pressthebuttontomakethefrontandrearturnsignal lampsashonandoff.Pressthebuttonagainto turntheashersoff. Whenthehazardwarningashersareon,yourturn signalswillnotwork.OtherWarningDevicesIfyoucarryreectivetriangles,youcansetthemupat thesideoftheroadabout300feet(100m)behind yourvehicle.HornTosoundthehorn,pressthecenterpadonthesteering wheel.TiltWheelIfyourvehicleisequippedwithatiltwheel,itwillallow youtoadjustthesteeringwheelbeforeyoudrive. Youcanraiseittothehighestleveltogiveyourlegs moreroomwhenyouexitandenteryourvehicle. Thetiltsteeringwheelleverislocatedonthelowerleft sideofthecolumn. 3-6

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Totiltthewheel,holdthesteeringwheelandpullthe lever.Thenmovethesteeringwheeltoacomfortable positionandreleasethelevertolockthewheelinplace.TurnSignal/MultifunctionLeverTheleverontheleftsideofthesteeringcolumn includesthefollowing:GTurnandLaneChangeSignals.See Turnand Lane-ChangeSignalsonpage3-7 .53HeadlampHigh/Low-BeamChanger.See HeadlampHigh/Low-BeamChangeronpage3-8 .Flash-to-Pass.See Flash-to-Passonpage3-8 .NWindshieldWipers.See WindshieldWiperson page3-9 .LWindshieldWasher.See WindshieldWasher onpage3-9 .ICruiseControl.See CruiseControlon page3-10 Forinformationontheheadlamps,see Headlampson page3-13 .TurnandLane-ChangeSignalsTheturnsignalhastwoupward(forright)andtwo downward(forleft)positions.Thesepositionsallowyou tosignalaturnoralanechange. Tosignalaturn,movetheleverallthewayupordown. Whentheturnisnished,theleverwillreturn automatically. Tosignalalanechange,justraiseorlowerthelever untilthearrowstartstoash.Holditthereuntilyou completeyourlanechange.Theleverwillreturnbyitself whenyoureleaseit. Anarrowontheinstrument panelclusterwillashin thedirectionofthe turnorlanechange. 3-7

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Asyousignalaturnoralanechange,ifthearrows ashmorequicklythannormal,asignalbulbmay beburnedoutandotherdriverswon’tseeyourturn signal. Ifabulbisburnedout,replaceittohelpavoidan accident.Ifthearrowsdon’tgoonatallwhenyousignal aturn,checkforburned-outbulbsandablownfuse. See FusesandCircuitBreakersonpage5-124 .TurnSignalOnChimeIfyourturnsignalisleftonformorethan3/4ofamile (1.2km),achimewillsoundateachashofthe turnsignalandthemessageTURNSIGNALONwill alsoappearintheDIC.Toturnthechimeandmessage off,movetheturnsignallevertotheoffposition.HeadlampHigh/Low-BeamChanger53(HeadlampHigh/LowBeamChanger): To changetheheadlampsfromlowtohighbeam,pushthe levertowardtheinstrumentpanel.Toreturnto low-beamheadlamps,pullthemultifunctionlevertoward you.Thenreleaseit. Whenthehighbeamsare on,thisindicatorlighton theinstrumentpanel clusterwillalsobeon.Flash-to-PassThisfeatureletsyouuseyourhigh-beamheadlampsto signaladriverinfrontofyouthatyouwanttopass. Itworksevenifyourheadlampsareintheautomatic position. Touseit,pulltheturnsignallevertowardyou,then releaseit. Ifyourheadlampsareintheautomaticpositionoron lowbeam,yourhigh-beamheadlampswillturnon. They’llstayonaslongasyouholdthelevertowardyou. Thehigh-beamindicatorontheinstrumentpanel clusterwillcomeon.Releasethelevertoreturnto normaloperation. 3-8

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WindshieldWipersBesuretocleariceandsnowfromthewiperblades beforeusingthem.Iftheyarefrozentothewindshield, gentlyloosenorthawthem.Damagedwiperblades maynotclearthewindshieldwell,makingitharderto seeanddrivesafely.Ifthebladesdobecomedamaged, installnewbladesorbladeinserts.Formoreinformation, see WindshieldWiperBladeReplacementonpage5-72 Heavysnoworicecanoverloadthewipermotor.A circuitbreakerwillstopthemotoruntilitcoolsdown. Clearawaysnoworicetopreventanoverload. Youcontrolthewindshieldwipersbyturningtheband withthewipersymbolonit.8(Mist): Forasinglewipingcycle,turnthebandto mist.Holditthereuntilthewipersstart.Thenletgo.The wiperswillstopafteronewipe.Ifyouwantmore wipes,holdthebandonmistlonger.N(Delay): Youcansetthewiperspeedforalongor shortdelaybetweenwipes.Thiscanbeveryuseful inlightrainorsnow.Turnthebandtochoosethedelay time.Theclosertothetopofthelever,theshorter thedelay.6(LowSpeed): Forsteadywipingatlowspeed, turnthebandawayfromyoutotherstsolidbandpast thedelaysettings.Forhigh-speedwiping,turnthe bandfurther,tothesecondsolidbandpastthedelay settings.Tostopthewipers,movethebandtooff.1(HighSpeed): Forhigh-speedwiping,turnthe bandfurther,tothesecondsolidbandpastthe delaysettings.9(Off): Tostopthewipers,movethebandtooff.WindshieldWasherL Q(WasherFluid): Thereisapaddlemarkedwith thewindshieldwashersymbolatthetopofthe multifunctionlever.Tospraywasheruidonthe windshield,pushthepaddle.Thewiperswillclearthe windowandtheneitherstoporreturntoyourpreset speed. {CAUTION:Infreezingweather,donotuseyourwasher untilthewindshieldiswarmed.Otherwisethe washeruidcanformiceonthewindshield, blockingyourvision. 3-9

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CruiseControl9(Off): Thisposition turnsthesystemoff. IfyourvehicleisequippedwithanAllisonautomatic transmission,see“GradeBrakingandCruiseGrade Braking(AllisonTransmission)under Tow/HaulMode onpage2-30 foranexplanationofhowcruisecontrol interactswiththetapup/downgearselection,tow/haul andgradebrakingsystems.R(On): Thispositionactivatesthesystem. +(Resume/Accelerate): Pushthelevertothissymbol tomakethevehicleaccelerateorresumetoa previouslysetspeed.T(Set): Pressthisbuttontosetthespeed. Withcruisecontrol,youcanmaintainaspeedofabout 25mph(40km/h)ormorewithoutkeepingyourfoot ontheaccelerator.Thiscanreallyhelponlong trips.Cruisecontroldoesnotworkatspeedsbelow about25mph(40km/h). Ifyouapplyyourbrakes,thecruisecontrolwillshutoff. {CAUTION:Cruisecontrolcanbedangerouswhereyou cannotdrivesafelyatasteadyspeed.So,do notuseyourcruisecontrolonwindingroads orinheavytraffic. Cruisecontrolcanbedangerousonslippery roads.Onsuchroads,fastchangesintire tractioncancauseneedlesswheelspinning, andyoucouldlosecontrol.Donotusecruise controlonslipperyroads. 3-10

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SettingCruiseControl {CAUTION:Ifyouleaveyourcruisecontrolonwhenyou arenotusingcruise,youmighthitabutton andgointocruisewhenyoudonotwantto. Youcouldbestartledandevenlosecontrol. Keepthecruisecontrolswitchoffuntilyou wanttousecruisecontrol. 1.Movethecruisecontrolswitchtoon. 2.Getuptothespeedyouwant. 3.Pressinthesetbuttonattheendoftheleverand releaseit. 4.Takeyourfootofftheacceleratorpedal. Thecruisesymbolonthe instrumentpanelwill illuminatewhenthecruise controlisengaged.ResumingaSetSpeedSupposeyousetyourcruisecontrolatadesiredspeed andthenyouapplythebrake.This,ofcourse, disengagesthecruisecontrol.Butyoudon’tneedto resetit. Onceyou’regoingabout25mph(40km/h)ormore,you canmovethecruisecontrolswitchbrieyfromonto resume/accelerate. You’llgorightbackuptoyourchosenspeedandstay there. Ifyouholdtheswitchatresume/acceleratethevehicle willkeepgoingfasteruntilyoureleasetheswitchor applythebrake.Sounlessyouwanttogofaster,don’t holdtheswitchatresume/accelerate. 3-11

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IncreasingSpeedWhileUsingCruise ControlTherearetwowaystogotoahigherspeed:Usetheacceleratorpedaltogettothehigher speed.Pressthesetbuttonattheendofthelever, thenreleasethebuttonandtheaccelerator pedal.You’llnowcruiseatthehigherspeed.Ifthe acceleratorpedalisheldlongerthan60seconds, cruisecontrolwillturnoff.Movethecruiseswitchfromonto resume/accelerate.Holditthereuntilyougetupto thespeedyouwant,andthenreleasetheswitch. Toincreaseyourspeedinverysmallamounts, movetheswitchbrieytoresume/accelerate.Each timeyoudothis,yourvehiclewillgoabout 1mph(1.6km/h)faster.ReducingSpeedWhileUsingCruise ControlPressinthebuttonattheendoftheleveruntilyou reachthelowerspeedyouwant,thenreleaseit.Toslowdowninverysmallamounts,brieypress thesetbutton.Eachtimeyoudothis,you’llgo about1mph(1.6km/h)slower.PassingAnotherVehicleWhileUsing CruiseControlUsetheacceleratorpedaltoincreaseyourspeed. Whenyoutakeyourfootoffthepedal,yourvehiclewill slowdowntothecruisecontrolspeedyousetearlier.UsingCruiseControlonHillsHowwellyourcruisecontrolwillworkonhillsdepends uponyourspeed,loadandthesteepnessofthe hills.Whengoingupsteephills,youmaywanttostep ontheacceleratorpedaltomaintainyourspeed. Whengoingdownhill,youmayhavetobrakeorshiftto alowergeartokeepyourspeeddown.Ofcourse, applyingthebraketakesyououtofcruisecontrol.Many driversndthistobetoomuchtroubleanddon’tuse cruisecontrolonsteephills.EndingCruiseControlTherearefourwaystoturnoffthecruisecontrol:Steplightlyonthebrakepedal,movethecruisecontrolswitchtooff,orshiftthetransmissiontoNEUTRAL(N).Iftheacceleratorpedalisheldfor60secondsor longer,cruisecontrolwillturnoff. 3-12

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ErasingSpeedMemoryWhenyouturnoffthecruisecontrolortheignition,your cruisecontrolsetspeedmemoryiserased.HeadlampsThecontrolonthedriver’ssideofyourinstrumentpanel operatestheheadlamps. Turnthecontrolclockwisetooperatethelamps. Theheadlampcontrolhasfourpositions:9(Off): Turningthecontroltothispositionturnsoff theDaytimeRunningLamps(DRL)andtheautomatic headlamps. AUTO(Automatic): Turningthecontroltothisposition putsthesystemintoautomaticheadlampmode.;(ParkingLamps): Turningthecontroltothis positionturnsontheparkinglamps,togetherwiththe following:SidemarkerLampsTaillampsLicensePlateLampsInstrumentPanelLightsRoofMarkerLamps(IfEquipped)5(Headlamps): Turningthecontroltothisposition turnsontheheadlamps,togetherwiththepreviously listedlampsandlights. Youcanswitchyourheadlampsfromhightolow-beam bypushingtheturnsignal/high-beamlevertowards theinstrumentpanel. Acircuitbreakerprotectsyourheadlamps.Ifyouhave anelectricaloverload,yourheadlampswillickeronand off.Haveyourheadlampwiringcheckedrightawayif thishappens. 3-13

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HeadlampsonReminderAreminderchimewillsoundwhenyourheadlampsor parkinglampsaremanuallyturnedonandyourignitionis off,inLOCK,ACCESSORY,oradoorisopen.Todisable thechime,turnthelightoffthenbackon.DaytimeRunningLamps(DRL)DaytimeRunningLamps(DRL)canmakeiteasierfor otherstoseethefrontofyourvehicleduringthe day.DRLcanbehelpfulinmanydifferentdriving conditions,buttheycanbeespeciallyhelpfulintheshort periodsafterdawnandbeforesunset.Fullyfunctional daytimerunninglampsarerequiredonallvehicles rstsoldinCanada. TheDRLsystemwillcomeonwhenthefollowing conditionsaremet:TheignitionisonTheexteriorlampscontrolisinAUTOTheautomatictransmissionisnotinPARK(P)Thelightsensordeterminesitisdaytime WhentheDRLareon,onlyyourDRLlampswillbeon. Thetaillamps,sidemarkerandotherlampswon’tbe on.Theinstrumentpanelwon’tbelitupeither. Whenitbeginstogetdark,theautomaticheadlamp systemwillswitchfromDRLtotheheadlamps. Whenyouturntheheadlampswitchoff,theheadlamps willgooff,andyourDRLlampswillilluminate, provideditisnotdarkoutside. ShiftingthetransmissionintoPARK(P)willallowyouto idlethevehiclewiththeDRLoff.TheDRLwillstay offuntilyoushiftthetransmissionoutofPARK(P).This procedureappliesonlytovehiclesrstsoldinthe UnitedStates.AutomaticHeadlampSystemWhenitisdarkenoughoutside,yourautomatic headlampsystemwillturnonyourheadlampsatthe normalbrightnessalongwithotherlampssuchas thetaillamps,sidemarker,parkinglampsandthe instrumentpanellights.Theradiolightswillalsobedim. Toturnofftheautomaticheadlampsystem,turnthe exteriorlampsswitchtotheoffpositionandthen release.Turningofftheautomaticheadlampsystem withtheheadlampswitchisnotavailableforvehicles rstsoldinCanada.ForvehiclesrstsoldinCanada, youcanturnofftheautomaticheadlampsystem whenparkedatnightbyapplyingtheparkingbrake beforestartingyourvehicle. 3-14

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Theheadlampswillremainoffoncethevehicleis startedforaslongasyouareparked.Ifyoureleasethe parkingbrake,thelightswillturnon.Iftheparking brakeisnotreleasedbeforeyoubegintodrive, theexteriorlampswillturnonabove2mph(3.2km/h). Yourvehicleisequippedwithalightsensorlocated onthetopoftheinstrumentpanelinthedefrostergrille. Besureitisnotcovered,orthesystemwillbeon whenevertheignitionison. Thesystemmayalsoturnonyourheadlampswhen drivingthroughaparkinggarage,heavyovercast weatheroratunnel.Thisisnormal. Thereisadelayinthetransitionbetweenthedaytime andnighttimeoperationoftheDaytimeRunning Lamps(DRL)andtheautomaticheadlampsystemsso thatdrivingunderbridgesorbrightoverheadstreet lightsdoesnotaffectthesystem.TheDRLand automaticheadlampsystemwillonlybeaffectedwhen thelightsensorseesachangeinlightinglasting longerthanthedelay. Ifyoustartyourvehicleinadarkgarage,theautomatic headlampsystemwillcomeonimmediately.Once youleavethegarage,itwilltakeapproximately oneminutefortheautomaticheadlampsystemto changetoDRLifitisbrightenoughoutside.Duringthat delay,yourinstrumentpanelclustermaynotbeas brightasusual.Makesureyourinstrumentpanel brightnesscontrolisinthefullbrightposition.See InstrumentPanelBrightnessonpage3-17 Toidleyourvehiclewiththeautomaticheadlamp systemoff,turnthecontroltotheoffposition. YoumaybeabletoturnoffyourAutomaticHeadlamp System.See DaytimeRunningLamps(DRL)on page3-14 formoreinformation. Yourheadlampswillalsostayonafteryouexitthe vehicle.YoucanprogramthisfeatureusingtheDriver InformationCenter(DIC).See DICVehicle Customizationonpage3-64 Aswithanyvehicle,youshouldturnontheregular headlampsystemwhenyouneedthem. 3-15

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FogLampsIfyourvehiclehasfoglamps,usethemforbettervision infoggyormistyconditions. Thefoglampbuttonis locatedontheleftsideof theinstrumentpanel. Yourparkinglampsand/orlow-beamheadlampsmust beonforyourfoglampstowork. Pressthebuttontoturnthefoglampson.Pressthe buttonagaintoturnthemoff.Anindicatorlightwillglow inthebuttonwhenthefoglampsareon. Remember,foglampsalonewillnotgiveoffasmuch lightasyourheadlamps.Neveruseyourfoglamps inthedarkwithoutturningonyourheadlamps. Thefoglampswillgooffwheneveryourhigh-beam headlampscomeon.Whenthehighbeamsgooff,the foglampswillcomeonagain. Thefoglampswillbecancelledaftertheignitionis turnedoff.Ifyoustillwanttousethefoglampsafteryou restartthevehicle,youwillneedtopressthefog lampbuttonagain. Somelocalitieshavelawsthatrequiretheheadlampsto beonalongwiththefoglamps.AuxiliaryRoofMountedLampIfyourvehiclehasthisfeature,thisbuttonincludes wiringprovisionsforadealeroraqualiedservice centertoinstallanauxiliaryrooflamp. Thisbuttonislocated onthecenterofthe instrumentpanelnear theclimatecontrols. 3-16

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Whenthewiringisconnectedtoanauxiliaryroof mountedlamp,pressingthebuttonwillactivatethelamp andilluminateanindicatorlightnearthebutton.Pressing thebuttonagainwillturnofftheroofmountedlamp. Ifyourvehiclehasthisbutton,yourvehiclemayhavethe snowplowpreppackage.Forfurtherinformationsee AddingaSnowPloworSimilarEquipmentonpage4-54 .InstrumentPanelBrightnessD(InstrumentPanelBrightness): Thisfeature controlsthebrightnessoftheinstrumentpanellights. Thethumbwheelforthisfeatureislocatednextto theheadlampcontrol. Turnthethumbwheeluptoadjusttheinstrumentpanel lights.Turnthethumbwheeluptoreturntheradio displaytofullbrightnesswhentheheadlampsorparking lampsareon.Toturnonthedomelamps,turnthe thumbwheelallthewayup.DomeLampsThedomelampswillcomeonwhenyouopenadoor. Youcanalsoturnthedomelampsonbyturning thethumbwheel,locatednexttotheexteriorlamps control,allthewayup.Inthisposition,thedomelamps willremainonwhetheradoorisopenedorclosed.DomeLampOverrideE(DomeLampOverride): Youcanusethedome overridebutton,locatedbelowtheexteriorlampscontrol, tosetthedomelampstocomeonautomaticallywhen adoorisopened,ortoremainoff.Toturnthelampsoff, pressthebuttonintotheinposition.Withthebutton inthisposition,thedomelampswillremainoffwhenthe doorsareopen.Toreturnthelampstoautomatic operation,pressthebuttonagainandreturnittotheout position.Withthebuttoninthisposition,thedome lampswillcomeonwhenyouopenadoor.EntryLightingYourvehicleisequippedwithanilluminatedentry feature. Whenthedoorsareopened,thedomelampswillcome onifthedomeoverridebuttonisintheoutposition. Ifthedomeoverridebuttonispressedin,thelampswill notcomeon.ExitLightingWithexitlighting,theinteriorlampswillcomeonwhen youremovethekeyfromtheignition.Thelightswill notcomeonifthedomeoverridebuttonispressedin. 3-17

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FrontReadingLampsThereadinglampsarelocatedontheoverheadconsole. Toturnonthereadinglamps,pressthebuttonlocated nexttoeachlamp.Toturnthemoff,pressthebutton again. Thelampscanbeadjustedtopointinthedirection youwant. Yourvehiclemayalsohavereadinglampsinother locations.Toturnthelampsonoroff,pressthebutton locatednexttothelamp.Thelampsarexedand cannotbeadjusted.CargoLampThecargolampbuttonis locatedontheleftsideof theinstrumentpanel. Pressthebuttontoturn thecargolampon. Pressthebuttonagainto turnitoff. Anindicatorlightontheinstrumentpanelclusterwill illuminatewhenthecargolampisturnedon,and theignitionkeyisturnedtoRUN.AccessoryPowerOutlet(s)Withaccessorypoweroutletsyoucanpluginauxiliary electricalequipmentsuchasacellulartelephoneor CBradio. Yourvehiclemayhavetwoaccessorypoweroutlets,or mayhaveoneaccessorypoweroutletlocatednear thecigarettelighter,ifequipped.Thecigarettelighteris designedtotonlyinthereceptacletotherightof theaccessorypoweroutlet. 3-18

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Tousetheoutlet,liftthecover.Whennotusingit, alwaysclosethecover. Certainpoweraccessoryplugsmaynotbecompatible totheaccessorypoweroutletandcouldresultin blownvehicleoradapterfuses.Ifyouexperiencea problem,seeyourdealerforadditionalinformationon theaccessorypowerplugs. Notice: Addinganyelectricalequipmenttoyour vehiclemaydamageitorkeepothercomponents fromworkingastheyshould.Therepairswouldnot becoveredbyyourwarranty.Donotuseequipment exceedingmaximumamperagerating.Check withyourdealerbeforeaddingelectricalequipment. Whenaddingelectricalequipment,besuretofollow theproperinstallationinstructionsincludedwith theequipment. Notice: Improperuseofthepoweroutletcancause damagenotcoveredbyyourwarranty.Donot hanganytypeofaccessoryoraccessorybracket fromtheplugbecausethepoweroutletsare designedforaccessorypowerplugsonly.Ashtray(s)andCigaretteLighterYourvehiclemaybeequippedwithafrontashtray locatednearthecenteroftheinstrumentpanel.Pullon thedoortoopenit. Notice: Ifyouputpapers,pins,orotherammable itemsintheashtray,hotcigarettesorother smokingmaterialscouldignitethemandpossibly damageyourvehicle.Neverputammableitemsin theashtray. Toremovethefrontashtray,pulltheashtraytoward you.Toreplacetheashtray,placetheashtrayon theslidesatthesideofitslocationintheinstrument panel.Tousethecigarettelighter,pushitinalltheway, andletgo.Whenit’sready,itwillpopbackoutby itself. Notice: Holdingacigarettelighterinwhileitis heatingwillnotallowthelightertobackawayfrom theheatingelementwhenitishot.Damagefrom overheatingmayoccurtothelighterorheating element,orafusecouldbeblown.Donotholda cigarettelighterinwhileitisheating. 3-19

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ClimateControlsClimateControlSystemFanKnobThefanknobontheleftsideofthecontrolpanel adjuststhefanspeed.Toincreaseairow,turntheknob clockwise.Todecreaseairow,turnitcounterclockwise. Toturnthefanoff,turntheknobtotheoffposition.9(Off): Ifthefanisoff,outsideairwillstillenterthe vehicle,andwillbedirectedbasedonthepositionof themodeknob.Thetemperaturecanalsobeadjusted usingthetemperatureknob.TemperatureKnobThemiddleknobonthecontrolpanelletsyouselectthe temperatureoftheairowingintothepassenger area.Turntheknobclockwisetowardtheredareafor warmerair.Turntheknobcounterclockwisetoward theblueareaforcoolerair.ModeKnobTherightknobonthecontrolpanelallowsyouto choosethedirectionofairdelivery.H(Vent): Thissettingdirectstheairthroughthe instrumentpaneloutlets. 3-20

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)(Bi-Level): Airisdeliveredthroughtheooroutlets aswellastheinstrumentpaneloutlets.Theowcan bedividedbetweenventandooroutletsdepending uponwheretheknobisplacedbetweenthesettings.6(Floor): Thissettingdirectsmostoftheairthrough theooroutlets,andtherestoftheairisdivided betweenthewindshielddefrosteroutletsandtheside windowdefrosteroutlets.W(Defog): Airowisdeliveredthroughtheoor outlets,thewindshielddefrosteroutletsandtheside windowdefrosteroutlets.Theairowcanbedivided betweenooranddefrostdependinguponwhere theknobisplacedbetweenthesettings.1(Defrost): Thissettingdirectsmostairthroughthe windshielddefrosteroutlets,sidewindowdefroster outletsandsomethroughtheooroutlets.DualClimateControlSystemWiththissystemyoucancontroltheheating,cooling andventilationforyourvehicle. FanControl9(Fan): Turntheleftknobclockwiseor counterclockwisetoincreaseordecreasethefanspeed. Turntheknobtotheoffpositiontoturnoffthefan.If theknobisinoff,outsideairwillstillenterthevehicle andwillbedirectedbasedonthepositionofthe modeknob.Thetemperaturecanalsobeadjusted usingthetemperaturelevers. Turntherightknobclockwiseorcounterclockwiseto directtheairowinsideofyourvehicle. 3-21

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ModeControl Tochangethecurrentmode,selectoneofthefollowing:H(Vent): Thismodedirectsairtotheinstrument paneloutlets.)(Bi-Level): Thismodedirectshalfoftheairtothe instrumentpaneloutlets;thendirectsmostofthe remainingairtotheooroutlets.Alittleairisdirected towardthewindshieldandthesidewindowoutlets. Coolerairisdirectedtotheupperoutletsandwarmer airtotheooroutlets.6(Floor): Thismodedirectsmostoftheairtothe ooroutletswithalittleairdirectedtothewindshieldand thesidewindowoutlets.h(Recirculation): Therecirculationmodeisused torecirculatetheairinsideofyourvehicle.Usethis modetohelppreventoutsideodorsand/ordust fromenteringyourvehicleortohelpcooltheairinside ofyourvehiclemorequickly.Pressthisbuttonto turntherecirculationmodeonoroff.Thelightonthe recirculationbuttonwillilluminate.Recirculationcannot beusedinoor,defogordefrostmodes.Anindicator onthebuttonwilllightup,ashthreetimesandturnoff whenrecirculationisselectedinthesemodes. Theair-conditioningcompressorwillalsocomeonwhen thismodeisactivated.Whileinrecirculationmode thewindowsmayfogwhentheweatheriscold anddamp.Toclearthefog,selecteitherthedefogor defrostmodeandincreasefanspeed. TemperatureControl Driver’sSide: Theleverontheleftsideoftheclimate controlpanelisusedtoraiseorlowerthetemperature onthedriver’ssideofthevehicle.Thisleveralsoadjusts thetemperaturetothecenterconsoleoutlets (ifequipped). Passenger’sSide: Theleverontherightsideofthe climatecontrolpanelisusedtoraiseorlowerthe temperatureonthepassenger’ssideofthevehicle.#(AirConditioning): Pressthisbuttontoturnthe air-conditioningsystemonoroff.Whenthebuttonis pressed,anindicatorlightwillcomeonandthesystem willbegintocoolanddehumidifytheairinsideofyour vehicle.Youmaynoticeaslightchangeinengine performancewhentheairconditioningcompressorshuts offandturnsonagain.Thisisnormal. 3-22

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DefoggingandDefrostingFogontheinsideofthewindowsisaresultofhigh humidity(moisture)condensingonthecoolwindow glass.Thiscanbeminimizediftheclimatecontrol systemisusedproperly.Therearetwomodestochoose fromtoclearfogorfrostfromyourwindshield.Use thedefogmodetoclearthewindowsoffogormoisture andwarmthepassengers.Usethedefrostmodeto removefogorfrostfromthewindshieldmorequickly. Turntherightknobtoselectoneofthefollowingmodes:-(Defog): Thismodedirectstheairtotheoor outlets,windshieldandthesidewindowoutlets.Theair conditioningcompressorwillrunautomaticallyto dehumidifytheairtopreventwindowfogging.The recirculationmodecannotbeselectedwhileinthedefog mode.1(Defrost): Thismodedirectsmostoftheairtothe windshieldandthesidewindowoutlets,withonlya littleairdirectedtotheooroutlets.Theairconditioning compressorwillrunautomaticallytodehumidifythe airtopreventwindowfogging.Therecirculationmode cannotbeselectedwhileindefrostmode. Donotdrivethevehicleuntilallthewindowsareclear.RearWindowDefoggerIfyourvehiclehasthisfeature,thelinesyouseeonthe rearwindowwarmtheglass.Therearwindowdefogger usesawarminggridtoremovefogfromtherearwindow. Ifyourvehiclehasaslidingrearwindow,youwillnot havearearwindowdefogger;however,yourvehiclewill stillhaveamirrorbuttontoactivatetheheatedoutside rearviewmirrors,ifequipped.<(Rear): Pressthisbuttontoturntherearwindow defoggeronoroff.Anindicatorlightinthebutton willcomeontoletyouknowthattherearwindow defoggerisactivated.Thisbuttonwillalsoactivatethe heatedmirrors,ifequipped. Therearwindowdefoggerwillautomaticallyturnoff severalminutesafterthebuttonispressed.Pressingthe buttonwhilethedefoggerisrunningcanalsoturnoff thedefogger.W(Mirror): Ifyourvehicledoesnothavearear defoggerandisequippedwithheatedmirrors,your vehiclewillhavethisbuttontoactivatetheheated mirrors. Notice: Donotuseanythingsharpontheinsideof therearwindow.Ifyoudo,youcouldcutor damagethewarminggrid,andtherepairswouldnot becoveredbyyourwarranty.Donotattacha temporaryvehiclelicense,tape,adecaloranything similartothedefoggergrid. 3-23

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DualAutomaticClimateControl SystemWiththissystem,youcancontroltheheating,cooling andventilationinyourvehicle.Yourvehiclealso hasaow-throughventilationsystemdescribedlaterin thissection. Youcanselectdifferentclimatecontrolsettingsforthe driverandpassengers.Driver’sSideTemperatureKnobThedriver’ssideknobisusedtoadjustthetemperature oftheaircomingthroughthesystemonthedriver’s side.Thetemperaturecanbeadjustedevenifthe systemisturnedoff.Thisispossiblesinceoutsideair willalwaysowthroughthesystemasthevehicle ismovingforwardunlessitissettorecirculationmode. See“Recirculation”laterinthissection. Turntheknobcounterclockwiseorclockwisetoloweror increasethecabintemperature.Thedisplaywillshow thetemperaturesettingdecreasingorincreasingandan arrowpointingtothedriverwillbedisplayedunder andtotheleftofthetemperaturesetting. 3-24

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Passenger’sSideTemperatureKnobThepassenger’ssideknobcanbeusedtochangethe temperatureoftheaircomingthroughthesystem onthepassenger’ssideofthevehicle.Thetemperature canbeadjustedevenifthesystemisturnedoff.This ispossiblesinceoutsideairwillalwaysowthroughthe systemasthevehicleismovingforwardunlessitis settorecirculationmode.See“Recirculation”laterinthis section. Turntheknobcounterclockwiseorclockwisetoloweror increasethecabintemperature.Thedisplaywillshow thetemperaturesettingdecreasingorincreasingandan arrowpointingtothepassengerwillbedisplayed underandtotherightofthetemperaturesetting. Thepassenger’stemperaturesettingcanbesetto matchthedriver’stemperaturesettingbypressingand holdingtheAUTObuttonforfourseconds.Boththe driverandpassengerarrowswillbedisplayed.AutomaticOperationAUTO(Automatic): Whenautomaticoperationis activethesystemwillcontroltheinsidetemperature,the airdelivery,andthefanspeed. Usethestepsbelowtoplacetheentiresystemin automaticmode: 1.PresstheAUTObutton. WhenAUTOisselected,thedisplaywillchangeto showthecurrentdriver’ssettemperature,delivery modeandfanspeed.PresstheAUTObuttonagain withinvesecondstodisplaythepassenger’sset temperature. Ifthedriverandpassenger’stemperaturesettings arenotthesame,theoppositesidetemperature settingwillbedisplayedforanadditionalve seconds.Tomakethepassenger’stemperaturethe sameasthedriver’spressandholdtheAUTO buttonforaboutfourseconds. WhenAUTOisselected,theairconditioning operationandairinletwillbeautomatically controlled.Theairconditioningcompressorwillrun whentheoutsidetemperatureisoverabout 40F(4C).Theairinletwillnormallybesetto outsideair.Ifit’shotoutside,theairinletmay automaticallyswitchtorecirculateinsideairtohelp quicklycooldownyourvehicle.Thelightonthe buttonwillilluminateinrecirculation. 3-25

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2.Setthedriver’sandpassenger’stemperature. Tondyourcomfortsetting,startwitha74F(23C) temperaturesettingandallowabout20minutes forthesystemtoregulate.Turnthedriver’sor passenger’ssidetemperatureknobtoadjustthe temperaturesettingasnecessary.Ifyouchoosethe temperaturesettingof60F(15C)thesystem willremainatthemaximumcoolingsetting.Ifyou choosethetemperaturesettingof90F(32C) thesystemwillremainatthemaximumheatsetting. Choosingeithermaximumsettingwillnotcause thevehicletoheatorcoolanyfaster. Becarefulnottocoverthesensorlocatedonthe topoftheinstrumentpanelnearthewindshield.This sensorregulatesairtemperaturebasedonsun load,andalsoturnsonyourheadlamps. Toavoidblowingcoldairincoldweather,the systemwilldelayturningonthefanuntilwarmairis available.Thelengthofdelaydependsonthe enginecoolanttemperature.Pressingthefanswitch willoverridethisdelayandchangethefantoa selectedspeed.9(Off): Pressthisbuttontoturnofftheentireclimate controlsystem.Outsideairwillstillenterthevehicle, andwillbedirectedtotheoor.Thisdirectioncan bechangedbypressingthemodebutton. Thetemperaturecanalsobeadjustedusingeither temperatureknob.Presstheupordownarrowsonthe fanswitch,thedefrostbutton,theAUTObutton,ortheair conditioningbuttontoturnthesystemonwhenitisoff.ManualOperationYoumaymanuallyadjusttheairdeliverymodeorfan speed.w9x(Fan): Theswitchwiththefansymbolallows youtomanuallyadjustthefanspeed.Presstheup arrowtoincreasefanspeedandthedownarrow todecreasefanspeed. Pressingthisbuttonwhenthesystemisoffwillturnthe systemon.C(Mode): Pressthisbuttontomanuallychangethe directionoftheairowinyourvehicle;repeatedly pressthebuttonuntilthedesiredmodeappearsonthe display. Ifyoupressthemodebuttontoselectanairdelivery mode,thedisplaywillchangetoshowyoutheselected airmodedelivery.Thedisplaywillthenshowthe currentstatusofthesystem.Whenthesystemisturned off,thedisplaywillgoblankafterdisplayingthe currentstatusofthesystem. 3-26

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H(Panel): Thissettingwilldeliverairtothe instrumentpaneloutlets.)(Bi-Level): Thissettingwilldeliverwarmerairtothe oorandcoolerairtotheinstrumentpaneloutlets.6(Floor): Thissettingwilldeliverairtotheoor outlets.-(Defog): See“DefoggingandDefrosting”laterin thissection.@(Recirculation): Pressthisbuttontolimitthe amountofoutsideairenteringyourvehicle.Thelighton therecirculationbuttonwillglow.Thisishelpfulwhenyou aretryingtolimitodorsenteringyourvehicleandfor maximumairconditioningperformanceinhotweather. Pressthisbuttonagaintoallowoutsideairtoenterthe vehicle.Thelightontherecirculationbuttonwillgooff. Pressingthisbuttonalsocancelstheautorecirculation feature.Toresumetheautorecirculationfunction,press theAUTObutton.Eachtimethevehicleisstarted,the systemwillreverttotheautorecirculationfunction. Ifyouselectrecirculationwhileindefrost,defogoroor, thelightinthebuttonwillashandthengoouttoletyou knowthatthisisnotallowed.Thisisnormalandhelpsto preventfogging. Whentheweatheriscoolordamp,operatingthesystem inrecirculationforextendedperiodsoftimemaycause foggingofthevehicle’swindows.Toclearthefog,select eitherdefogorfrontdefrost. YoumayalsonoticethattheA/Ccompressorwillrun whileinrecirculationmode.Thisisnormalandhelpsto preventfogging.9(Off): Pressthisbuttontoturnofftheentireclimate controlsystem.Outsideairwillstillenterthevehicle,and willbedirectedtotheoor.Thisdirectioncanbechanged bypressingthemodebutton.Thetemperaturecanalso beadjustedusingeithertemperatureknob.Presstheup ordownarrowsonthefanswitch,thedefrostbutton,the AUTObutton,ortheairconditioningbuttontoturnthe systemonwhenitisoff.DisplayIfyoupressthemodebuttontoselectanairdelivery mode,thedisplaywillchangetoshowyoutheselected airdeliverymode.Aftertenseconds,thedisplaywill changetoshowthedrivertemperaturesettingandthe selectedmode. Ifyoupresstheupordownarrowsonthefanswitch, thedisplaywillchangetoshowtheselectedfanspeed. Aftertenseconds,thedisplaywillchangetoshow thedrivertemperaturesettingandtheselectedmode. 3-27

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WheneveryoupressAUTO,thedisplaywillchangeto showthefollowing:Thecurrentdriver’ssettemperatureandanarrow forvesecondsThecurrentpassenger’ssettemperaturesetting andanarrowforvesecondsTheautomaticairdeliverymodeandfanspeed Ifthedriver’sandpassenger’stemperaturesettingsare thesamewhenAUTOispressed,thetemperaturesetting andbotharrowswillbedisplayedforvesecondsalong withtheautomaticairdeliverymodeandfanspeed.After thevesecondupdate,thedisplaywillchangetoshow thetemperaturesetting,botharrowsandAUTO.AirConditioning #(AirConditioning): Pressthisbuttontoturntheair conditioning(A/C)compressoronandoff.The snowakesymbolwillappearonthedisplaywhenthe A/Cisonandwillturnoffwhentheairconditioningisoff. Pressingthisbuttonwhentheoutsidetemperatureis toocoolforairconditioningwillmakethesnowake symbolashthreetimesandthenturnofftolet youknowtheairconditioningmodeisnotavailable. Iftheairconditioningisonandtheoutsidetemperature dropsbelowatemperaturewhichistoocoolforair conditioningtobeeffective,thesnowakesymbolwill turnofftoletyouknowtheairconditioningmode hasbeencanceled. WhenairconditioningisselectedorinAUTOmode,the systemwillruntheairconditioningautomaticallyto coolanddehumidifytheairenteringthevehicle.Ifyou selectA/Coffwhileinfrontdefrost,defogor recirculation,theA/Csnowakesymbolwillturnoff,but theA/Ccompressorwillstillruntohelpprevent fogging. Onhotdays,openthewindowslongenoughtolethot insideairescape.Thisreducesthetimeittakesfor yourvehicletocooldown.Thenkeepyourwindows closedfortheairconditionertoworkitsbest. Oncool,butsunnydayswhileusingmanualoperation oftheautomaticsystem,usebi-leveltodeliverwarm airtotheoorandcoolerairtotheinstrument paneloutlets.Towarmorcooltheairdelivered,turnthe temperatureknobtothedesiredsetting. InAUTOmodethesystemwillcoolanddehumidifythe airinsidethevehicle.AlsowhileinAUTOmode,the systemwillmaximizeitsperformancebyusing recirculationasnecessary. 3-28

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DefoggingandDefrostingYoucanuseeitherdefogorfrontdefrosttoclearfogor frostfromyourwindshield.Usethedefogmodeto clearthewindowsoffogormoisture.Usethefront defrostbuttontodefrostthefrontwindshield.-(Defog): Usethissettingtoclearthewindowsoffog ormoisture.Pressthemodebuttontoselectthis setting.Thissettingwilldeliverairtotheoorand windshieldoutlets.0(FrontDefrost): Pressthefrontdefrostbuttonto defrostthewindshield.Thesystemwillautomatically controlthefanspeedifyouselectdefrostfromAUTO mode.Iftheoutsidetemperatureis40F(4C)or warmer,yourairconditioningcompressorwill automaticallyruntohelpdehumidifytheairanddrythe windshield.RearWindowDefoggerIfyourvehiclehasthisfeature,thelinesyouseeonthe rearwindowwarmtheglass.Therearwindow defoggerusesawarminggridtoremovefogfromthe rearwindow. Ifyourvehiclehasaslidingrearwindow,youwillnot havearearwindowdefogger;however,yourvehiclewill stillhaveamirrorbuttontoactivatetheheatedoutside rearviewmirrors,ifequipped.<(Rear): Pressthisbuttontoturntherearwindow defoggeronoroff.Anindicatorlightinthebutton willcomeontoletyouknowthattherearwindow defoggerisactivated.Thisbuttonwillalsoactivatethe heatedmirrors,ifequipped. Therearwindowdefoggerwillautomaticallyturnoff severalminutesafterthebuttonispressed.Pressingthe buttonwhilethedefoggerisrunningcanalsoturnoff thedefogger.W(Mirror): Ifyourvehicledoesnothavearear defoggerandisequippedwithheatedmirrors,your vehiclewillhavethisbuttontoactivatethem. Notice: Donotusearazorbladeorsharpobjectto cleartheinsiderearwindow.Donotadhere anythingtothedefoggergridlinesintherearglass. Theseactionsmaydamagethereardefogger. Repairswouldnotbecoveredbyyourwarranty.OutletAdjustmentUsetheairoutletslocatedinthecenterandontheside ofyourinstrumentpaneltodirecttheairow. 3-29

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OperationTips Keepthehoodandfrontairinletsfreeofice,snow, oranyotherobstruction(suchasleaves).The heateranddefrosterwillworkfarbetter,reducing thechanceoffoggingtheinsideofyourwindows.Whenyouenteravehicleincoldweather,turnthe fanknoballthewaytotherightforafewmoments beforedriving.Thishelpscleartheintakeducts ofsnowandmoisture,andreducesthechanceof foggingtheinsideofyourwindow.Keeptheairpathunderthefrontseatsclearof objects.Thishelpsairtocirculatethroughout yourvehicle.Addingoutsideequipmenttothefrontofyour vehicle,suchashood-airdeectors,mayaffectthe performanceoftheheatingandairconditioning system.Checkwithyourdealerbeforeadding equipmenttotheoutsideofyourvehicle.WarningLights,Gages,and IndicatorsThispartdescribesthewarninglightsandgageson yourvehicle.Thepictureswillhelpyoulocatethem. Warninglightsandgagescansignalthatsomethingis wrongbeforeitbecomesseriousenoughtocause anexpensiverepairorreplacement.Payingattentionto yourwarninglightsandgagescouldalsosaveyou orothersfrominjury. Warninglightscomeonwhentheremaybeorisa problemwithoneofyourvehicle’sfunctions.Asyouwill seeinthedetailsonthenextfewpages,some warninglightscomeonbrieywhenyoustartthe enginejusttoletyouknowtheyareworking.Ifyouare familiarwiththissection,youshouldnotbealarmed whenthishappens. Gagescanindicatewhentheremaybeorisaproblem withoneofyourvehicle’sfunctions.Oftengages andwarninglightsworktogethertoletyouknowwhen thereisaproblemwithyourvehicle. Whenoneofthewarninglightscomesonandstayson whenyouaredriving,orwhenoneofthegagesshows theremaybeaproblem,checkthesectionthattellsyou whattodoaboutit.Pleasefollowthismanual’sadvice. Waitingtodorepairscanbecostly–andeven dangerous.Sopleasegettoknowyourwarninglights andgages.Theyareabighelp. YourvehiclealsohasaDriverInformationCenter(DIC) thatworksalongwithwarninglightsandgages.See DICWarningsandMessagesonpage3-54 3-30

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InstrumentPanelClusterYourinstrumentclusterisdesignedtoletyouknowataglancehowyourvehicleisrunning.Youwillknowhowfast youaregoing,abouthowmuchfuelyouhaveandmanyotherthingsyouwillneedtoknowtodrivesafelyand economically. UnitedStatesHeavyDutyAutomaticTransmissionversionshown.Canada,LightDutyAutomaticandManual TransmissionClusterssimilar. 3-31

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SpeedometerandOdometerYourspeedometerletsyouseeyourspeedinboth milesperhour(mph)andkilometersperhour(km/h). Yourodometershowshowfaryourvehiclehas beendriven,ineithermiles(usedintheUnitedStates) orkilometers(usedinCanada).EngineHourMeterDisplayTheDriverInformationCenter(DIC)canalsodisplay thenumberofhourstheenginehasrun.Todisplaythe hourmeter,turntheignitionoff,pressandholdthe resetbuttonforatleastfourseconds.Thehourmeter willbedisplayedforupto30seconds,oruntilthe ignitionisturnedon.See DICOperationandDisplays onpage3-52 formoreinformation.TripOdometerThetripodometercantellyouhowfaryourvehiclehas beendrivensinceyoulastsetthetripodometertozero. Presstheresetbutton,locatedontheinstrumentpanel clusternexttothetripodometerdisplay,totoggle betweenthetripodometerandtheregularodometer. Holdingtheresetbuttonforapproximatelyonesecond whilethetripodometerisdisplayedwillresetit. Todisplaytheodometerreadingwiththeignitionoff, presstheresetbutton. See DICOperationandDisplaysonpage3-52 formore information.TachometerYourtachometerdisplaystheenginespeedin revolutionsperminute(rpm).See“GradeBraking (AllisonTransmission)”under Tow/HaulModeon page2-30 formoreinformation. Notice: Ifyouoperatetheenginewiththe tachometerinthesolidredarea,yourvehiclecould bedamaged.Thedamageswouldnotbecovered byyourwarranty.Donotoperatetheenginein thesolidredarea. 3-32

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SafetyBeltReminderLightWhenthekeyisturnedtoRUNorSTART,achimewill beprovidedforseveralsecondstoremindpeopleto buckletheirsafetybelts.Thedriversafetybeltlightwill alsobeprovidedandstayonforseveralseconds, thenitwillashforseveralmore.Youshouldbuckle yourseatbelt. Thischimeandlightwillbe repeatedifthedriver remainsunbuckledandthe vehicleisinmotion. See DICWarningsandMessagesonpage3-54 for moreinformationondriverandpassengersafety beltreminders. Ifthedriver’sbeltisbuckled,neitherthechimenorthe lightwillcomeon. See PassengerSensingSystemonpage1-80 formore information.AirbagReadinessLightThereisanairbagreadinesslightontheinstrument panelcluster,whichshowstheairbagsymbol.The systemcheckstheairbag’selectricalsystemfor malfunctions.Thelighttellsyouifthereisanelectrical problem.Thesystemcheckincludestheairbag sensors,theairbagmodules,thepassengersensing system(ifequipped),thewiringandthecrashsensing anddiagnosticmodule.Formoreinformationonthe airbagsystem,see AirbagSystemonpage1-70 Thislightwillcomeon whenyoustartyour vehicle,anditwillashfor afewseconds.This meansthesystemis ready. Iftheairbagreadinesslightstaysonafteryoustartthe vehicleorcomesonwhenyouaredriving,your airbagsystemmaynotworkproperly.Haveyourvehicle servicedrightaway. 3-33

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AirbagOffLightIfyourvehiclehasanairbagoffswitch,italsohasan airbagofflight.See AirbagOffSwitchonpage1-77 for moreonthis,includingimportantsafetyinformation. Whenyouturntherightfrontpassenger’sairbagoff, thislightwillcomeonandstayontoremindyouthatthe airbaghasbeenturnedoff.Thislightwillgooffwhen youturntheairbagon. {CAUTION:Iftherightfrontpassenger’sairbagisturned offforapersonwhoisnotinariskgroup identiedbythenationalgovernment,that personwillnothavetheextraprotectionofan airbag.Inacrash,theairbagwillnotbeableto inateandhelpprotectthepersonsitting there.Donotturnoffthepassenger’sairbag unlessthepersonsittingthereisinarisk group.See AirbagOffSwitchonpage1-77 for moreonthis,includingimportantsafety information. UnitedStates Canada 3-34

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{CAUTION:Iftheairbagreadinesslightevercomeson whenyouhaveturnedofftheairbag,itmeans thatsomethingmaybewrongwiththeairbag system.Therightfrontpassenger’sairbag couldinateeventhoughtheswitchisoff. Ifyourvehicleisaregularcabpickupandthis everhappens,donotletanyonewhomthe nationalgovernmenthasidentiedasa memberofapassengerairbagriskgroupsitin therightfrontpassenger’sposition(for example,donotsecurearear-facingchild restraintinyourvehicle)untilyouhaveyour vehicleserviced. CAUTION:(Continued) CAUTION:(Continued)Ifyourvehicleisanextendedcabpickupand thiseverhappens,donotletanyonewhomthe nationalgovernmenthasidentiedasa memberofthepassengerairbagriskgroupsit intherightfrontpassenger’sposition(for example,donotsecurearear-facingchild restraintintherightfrontpassenger’sseat) untilyouhaveyourvehicleserviced. 3-35

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PassengerAirbagStatusIndicatorIfyourvehiclehasthepassengersensingsystem,your rearviewmirrorwillhaveapassengerairbagstatus indicator. WhentheignitionkeyisturnedtoRUNorSTART,the passengerairbagstatusindicatorwilllightONand OFF,orthesymbolforonandoff,forseveralseconds asasystemcheck.Then,afterseveralmoreseconds, thestatusindicatorwilllighteitherONorOFF,oreither theonoroffsymboltoletyouknowthestatusofthe rightfrontpassenger’sfrontalairbag. Yourvehiclemayhavealabelonyoursunvisorthat says,“Neverputarear-facingchildseatinthe front.”Thisisbecausetherisktotherear-facingchildis sogreat,iftheairbagdeploys. {CAUTION:Eventhoughthepassengersensingsystemis designedtoturnoffthepassenger’sfrontal airbagifthesystemdetectsarear-facingchild restraint,nosystemisfailsafe,andnoonecan guaranteethatanairbagwillnotdeployunder someunusualcircumstance,eventhoughitis turnedoff.Werecommendthatrear-facing childrestraintsbesecuredintherearseat, eveniftheairbagisoff. PassengerAirbagStatusIndicator–UnitedStates PassengerAirbagStatusIndicator–Canada 3-36

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Neverputachildinarear-facingchildrestraintinthe rightfrontpassengerseattheunlesspassenger airbagstatusindicatorshowsoff.Neverputarear facingchildrestraintintherightfrontpassengerseat unlesstheairbagisoff.Hereiswhy: {CAUTION:Eventhoughthepassengersensingsystemis designedtoturnoffthepassenger’sfrontal airbagifthesystemdetectsarear-facingchild restraint,nosystemisfail-safe,andnoone canguaranteethatanairbagwillnotdeploy undersomeunusualcircumstance,even thoughitisturnedoff.Werecommendthat rear-facingchildrestraintsbetransportedin vehicleswitharearseatthatwill accommodatearear-facingchildrestraint, wheneverpossible. IfthewordONortheonsymbolislitonthepassenger airbagstatusindicator,itmeansthattherightfront passenger’sfrontalairbagisenabled(mayinate). {CAUTION:Iftheonindicatorcomesonwhenyouhavea rear-facingchildrestraintinstalledintheright frontpassenger’sseat,itmeansthatthe passengersensingsystemhasnotturnedoff thepassenger’sfrontalairbag.Achildina rear-facingchildrestraintcanbeseriously injuredorkillediftherightfrontpassenger’s airbaginates.Thisisbecausethebackofthe rear-facingchildrestraintwouldbeveryclose totheinatingairbag.Donotusearear-facing childrestraintintherightfrontpassenger’s seatiftheairbagisturnedon. 3-37

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IfthewordOFFortheoffsymbolislitonthepassenger airbagstatusindicator,itmeansthatthepassenger sensingsystemhasturnedofftherightfrontpassenger’s airbag.See PassengerSensingSystemonpage1-80 or AirbagOffSwitchonpage1-77 formoreonthis, includingimportantsafetyinformation. {CAUTION:Iftherightfrontpassenger’sairbagisturned offforapersonwhoisnotinariskgroup identiedbythenationalgovernment,that personwillnothavetheextraprotectionofan airbag.Inacrash,theairbagwillnotbeableto inateandhelpprotectthepersonsitting there.Donotturnoffthepassenger’sairbag unlessthepersonsittingthereisinarisk group.See AirbagOffSwitchonpage1-77 for moreonthis,includingimportantsafety information. If,afterseveralseconds,allstatusindicatorlights remainon,oriftherearenolightsatall,theremaybea problemwiththelightsorthepassengersensing system.Seeyourdealerforservice. {CAUTION:Iftheairbagoffindicatorandtheairbag readinesslightevercomeontogether,it meansthatsomethingmaybewrongwiththe airbagsystem.Ifthiseverhappens,havethe vehicleservicedpromptly,becausean adult-sizepersonsittingintherightfront passengerseatmaynothavetheprotectionof theairbag.See AirbagReadinessLighton page3-33 3-38

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BatteryWarningLightIfthislightisdisplayed whentheengineis running,youmayhavea problemwithyourcharging system. Thebatterydisplaywillalsostayonwhilethekeyisin RUNuntiltheengineisstarted. Ifthelightstaysonafterstartingtheengineitcould indicateaproblemwiththegeneratordrivebelt,orsome otherchargingsystemproblem.Haveitcheckedright away.Drivingwiththislightdisplayedcoulddrain yourbattery. Ifyoumustdriveashortdistancewiththislight displayed,ithelpstoturnoffallyouraccessories,such astheradioandtheairconditioner.VoltmeterGageWhenyourengineisnot running,buttheignitionis inRUN,thisgage showsyourbattery’sstate ofchargeinDCvolts. Whentheengineisrunning,thegageshowsthe conditionofthechargingsystem.Thegagemay transitionfromahighertoloweroralowertohigher reading,thisisnormal.Readingsbetweenthelowand highwarningzonesindicatethenormaloperating range.Thevoltmetergagemayalsoreadlowerwhenin fueleconomymode.Thisisnormal. 3-39

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Readingsinthelowwarningzonemayoccurwhena largenumberofelectricalaccessoriesareoperatingin thevehicleandtheengineisleftatanidleforan extendedperiod.Thisconditionisnormalsincethe chargingsystemisnotabletoprovidefullpower atengineidle.Asenginespeedsareincreased,this conditionshouldcorrectitselfashigherenginespeeds allowthechargingsystemtocreatemaximumpower. Youcanonlydriveforashorttimewiththereading ineitherwarningzone.Ifyoumustdrive,turnoff allunnecessaryaccessories. Readingsineitherwarningzoneindicateapossible problemintheelectricalsystem.Havethevehicle servicedassoonaspossible.Up-ShiftLight (ManualTransmission)Thislightisusedonsome modelswithmanual transmissions. Theshiftindicatorlightwillshowyouwhentoshiftto thenexthighestgear,andwillhelpyougetthebestfuel economy. 3-40

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BrakeSystemWarningLightWiththeignitionon,thebrakesystemwarninglightwill ashwhenyousettheparkingbrake.Thelightwill ashiftheparkingbrakedoesn’treleasefully.Ifyoutry todrivewiththeparkingbrakeengaged,achimewill soundwhenthevehiclespeedisgreaterthan3mph (5km/h). Yourvehicle’shydraulicbrakesystemisdividedintotwo parts.Ifonepartisn’tworking,theotherpartcanstill workandstopyou.Forgoodbraking,though,youneed bothpartsworkingwell. Ifthewarninglightcomesonandachimesoundsthere couldbeabrakeproblem.Haveyourbrakesystem inspectedrightaway. Thislightshouldcomeonbrieywhenyouturnthe ignitionkeytoRUN.Ifitdoesn’tcomeonthen,haveit xedsoitwillbereadytowarnyouifthere’sa problem. Ifthelightcomesonwhileyouaredriving,pulloffthe roadandstopcarefully.Youmaynoticethatthepedalis hardertopushormaygoclosertotheoor.Itmay takelongertostop.Ifthelightisstillon,havethevehicle towedforservice.See TowingYourVehicleon page4-61 {CAUTION:Yourbrakesystemmaynotbeworking properlyifthebrakesystemwarninglightis on.Drivingwiththebrakesystemwarninglight oncanleadtoanaccident.Ifthelightisstill onafteryouhavepulledofftheroadand stoppedcarefully,havethevehicletowedfor service. UnitedStates Canada 3-41

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Anti-LockBrakeSystem WarningLightWiththeanti-lockbrake system,thislightwillcome onwhenyoustartyour engineandmaystayonfor severalseconds. That’snormal.Ifthelightdoesn’tcomeonthen,haveit xedsoitwillbereadytowarnyouifthereisa problem. Ifthelightstayson,orcomesonwhenyou’redriving, yourvehicleneedsservice.Youwillalsoheara chimesoundwhenthelightisonsteady.Iftheregular brakesystemwarninglightisn’ton,youstillhave brakes,butyoudon’thaveanti-lockbrakes.Ifthe regularbrakesystemwarninglightisalsoonyoudon’t haveanti-lockbrakesandthere’saproblemwith yourregularbrakes.Inadditiontobothlights,youwill alsohearachimesoundontherstoccurrenceof aproblemandeachtimethevehicleisshutoffandthen restarted.See BrakeSystemWarningLighton page3-41 .TractionOffLightIfyouhavetheTraction AssistSystem,thislight shouldcomeonbriey whenyouturntheignition toRUN. Ifthelightdoesnotcomeonthen,thesystemmay requireservice;haveitxedsoitwillbetheretowarn youifthesystemisturnedoff. Ifthelightstayson,orcomesonwhenyouaredriving, theremaybeaproblemwithyourTractionAssist Systemandyourvehiclemayneedservice.Whenthis lightison,thesystemwillnotlimitwheelspin.Adjust yourdrivingaccordingly. 3-42

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EngineCoolantTemperatureGageThisgageshowstheenginecoolanttemperature. Italsoprovidesanindicatorofhowhardyourvehicleis working.Duringamajorityoftheoperation,thegage willread210F(100C)orless.Ifyouarepullingaload orgoinguphills,itisnormalforthetemperatureto uctuateandapproachthe250F(122C)mark.Ifthe gagereachesthe260F(125C)mark,itindicates thatthecoolingsystemisworkingbeyonditscapacity. See EngineOverheatingonpage5-37 .TransmissionTemperatureGageYourvehiclemaybeequippedwithatransmission temperaturegage. Whenyourignitionison,thegageshowsthetemperature ofthetransmissionuid.Thenormaloperatingrangeis from180F(82C)toabout200F(93C). Atapproximately265F(125C),thedriverinformation centerwilldisplayaTRANSMISSIONHOTmessage andthetransmissionwillenteratransmissionprotection mode.Whenthetransmissionenterstheprotection mode,youmaynoticeachangeinthetransmission shiftingpatterns.Thetransmissionwillreturntonormal shiftingpatternswhenthetransmissionuidtemperature fallsbelow260F(120C). See DriverInformationCenter(DIC)onpage3-51 for furtherinformation. UnitedStates Canada UnitedStates Canada 3-43

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IfyourvehiclehasanAllisontransmission,andtheuid reachestemperaturesofapproximately275F(135C) orgreater,thedriverinformationcenterwilldisplay aTRANSHOTIDLEENGINEwarningmessageanda chimewillsounduntilthetemperaturefallsbelow 265F(129C).Pullthevehicleofftheroadwaywhenit issafetodoso.Settheparkingbrake,placethe transmissioninPARK(P)andallowtheenginetoidle untilthetransmissiontemperaturefallsbelow265F (129C).Ifthetransmissioncontinuestooperateabove 265F(130C),contactyournearestdealerorthe GMRoadsideAssistanceCenter.See Roadside AssistanceProgramonpage7-6 Notice: Ifyoudriveyourvehiclewiththe transmissiontemperaturegageabovenormal operatingrange,youcandamagethetransmission. Thiscouldleadtocostlyrepairsthatwouldnot becoveredbyyourwarranty.Donotdriveyour vehiclewhilethetransmissiontemperaturegage readingisabovenormal.Seeyourdealerforservice. Thefollowingsituationscancausethetransmissionto operateathighertemperatures:TowingatrailerHotoutsideairtemperaturesVehicleoverloadingHaulingalargeorheavyloadLowtransmissionuidlevelHightransmissionuidlevelRestrictedairowtotheradiatorandtheauxiliary transmissionoilcooler(ifequipped). Atemporarysolutiontohottertransmissionoperating temperaturesmaybetoletthetransmissioncooldown. Ifthetransmissionisoperatedathighertemperatures onafrequentbasis,see ScheduledMaintenance (GasolineEngine)onpage6-4 fortheproper transmissionmaintenanceintervals. 3-44

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MalfunctionIndicatorLampCheckEngineLightYourvehicleisequipped withacomputerwhich monitorsoperationofthe fuel,ignition,andemission controlsystems. ThissystemiscalledOBDII(On-Board Diagnostics-SecondGeneration)andisintendedto assurethatemissionsareatacceptablelevelsforthe lifeofthevehicle,helpingtoproduceacleaner environment.Thecheckenginelightcomesonto indicatethatthereisaproblemandserviceisrequired. Malfunctionsoftenwillbeindicatedbythesystem beforeanyproblemisapparent.Thismaypreventmore seriousdamagetoyourvehicle.Thissystemisalso designedtoassistyourservicetechnicianincorrectly diagnosinganymalfunction. Notice: Ifyoukeepdrivingyourvehiclewiththis lighton,afterawhile,youremissioncontrols maynotworkaswell,yourfueleconomymaynot beasgood,andyourenginemaynotrunas smoothly.Thiscouldleadtocostlyrepairsthatmay notbecoveredbyyourwarranty. Notice: Modicationsmadetotheengine, transmission,exhaust,intake,orfuelsystemof yourvehicleorthereplacementoftheoriginaltires withotherthanthoseofthesameTirePerformance Criteria(TPC)canaffectyourvehicle’semission controlsandmaycausethislighttocomeon. Modicationstothesesystemscouldleadtocostly repairsnotcoveredbyyourwarranty.Thismay alsoresultinafailuretopassarequiredEmission Inspection/Maintenancetest.See Accessories andModicationsonpage5-4 Thislightshouldcomeon,asachecktoshowyouitis working,whentheignitionisonandtheengineis notrunning.Ifthelightdoesnotcomeon,haveit repaired.Thislightwillalsocomeonduringa malfunctioninoneoftwoways:LightFlashing —Amisreconditionhasbeen detected.Amisreincreasesvehicleemissions andmaydamagetheemissioncontrolsystemon yourvehicle.Diagnosisandservicemaybe required.LightOnSteady —Anemissioncontrolsystem malfunctionhasbeendetectedonyourvehicle. Diagnosisandservicemayberequired. 3-45

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IftheLightisFlashingThefollowingmaypreventmoreseriousdamageto yourvehicle:ReducingvehiclespeedAvoidinghardaccelerationsAvoidingsteepuphillgradesIfyouaretowingatrailer,reducetheamountof cargobeinghauledassoonasitispossible Ifthelightstopsashingandremainsonsteady,see“If theLightIsOnSteady”following. Ifthelightcontinuestoash,whenitissafetodoso, stopthevehicle.Findasafeplacetoparkyourvehicle. Turnthekeyoff,waitatleast10secondsandrestart theengine.Ifthelightremainsonsteady,see“If theLightIsOnSteady”following.Ifthelightisstill ashing,followtheprevioussteps,andseeyourdealer forserviceassoonaspossible.IftheLightIsOnSteadyYoumaybeabletocorrecttheemissionsystem malfunctionbyconsideringthefollowing: Didyourecentlyputfuelintoyourvehicle? Ifso,reinstallthefuelcap,makingsuretofullyinstall thecap.See FillingtheTankonpage5-10 .The diagnosticsystemcandetermineifthefuelcaphas beenleftofforimproperlyinstalled. Alooseormissingfuelcapwillallowfueltoevaporate intotheatmosphere.Afewdrivingtripswiththecap properlyinstalledshouldturnthelightoff. Didyoujustdrivethroughadeeppuddleofwater? Ifso,yourelectricalsystemmaybewet.Thecondition willusuallybecorrectedwhentheelectricalsystem driesout.Afewdrivingtripsshouldturnthelightoff. Haveyourecentlychangedbrandsoffuel? Ifso,besuretofuelyourvehiclewithqualityfuel.See GasolineOctaneonpage5-6 .Poorfuelqualitywill causeyourenginenottorunasefficientlyasdesigned. Youmaynoticethisasstallingafterstart-up,stalling whenyouputthevehicleintogear,misring,hesitation onacceleration,orstumblingonacceleration.(These conditionsmaygoawayoncetheengineiswarmedup.) Thiswillbedetectedbythesystemandcausethe lighttoturnon. Ifyouexperienceoneormoreoftheseconditions, changethefuelbrandyouuse.Itwillrequireatleast onefulltankoftheproperfueltoturnthelightoff. Ifnoneoftheabovestepshavemadethelightturnoff, yourdealercancheckthevehicle.Yourdealerhas thepropertestequipmentanddiagnostictoolstoxany mechanicalorelectricalproblemsthatmayhave developed. 3-46

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EmissionsInspectionandMaintenance ProgramsSomestate/provincialandlocalgovernmentshaveor maybeginprogramstoinspecttheemissioncontrol equipmentonyourvehicle.Failuretopassthis inspectioncouldpreventyoufromgettingavehicle registration. Herearesomethingsyouneedtoknowtohelpyour vehiclepassaninspection: Yourvehiclewillnotpassthisinspectionifthecheck enginelightisonornotworkingproperly. YourvehiclewillnotpassthisinspectioniftheOBD (on-boarddiagnostic)systemdeterminesthatcritical emissioncontrolsystemshavenotbeencompletely diagnosedbythesystem.Thevehiclewouldbe considerednotreadyforinspection.Thiscanhappenif youhaverecentlyreplacedyourbatteryorifyour batteryhasrundown.Thediagnosticsystemis designedtoevaluatecriticalemissioncontrolsystems duringnormaldriving.Thismaytakeseveraldays ofroutinedriving.Ifyouhavedonethisandyourvehicle stilldoesnotpasstheinspectionforlackofOBD systemreadiness,yourGMdealercanpreparethe vehicleforinspection.OilPressureGageTheoilpressuregageshowstheengineoilpressurein psi(poundspersquareinch)whentheengineis running.Canadianvehiclesindicatepressurein kPa(kilopascals). Oilpressuremayvarywithenginespeed,outside temperatureandoilviscosity,butreadingsabovethe lowpressurezoneindicatethenormaloperatingrange. UnitedStates Canada 3-47

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Areadinginthelowpressurezonemaybecausedbya dangerouslylowoillevelorsomeotherproblem causinglowoilpressure.Checkyouroilassoonas possible.See“OILPRESSURELOW”under DIC WarningsandMessagesonpage3-54 and EngineOil (GasolineEngine)onpage5-20 {CAUTION:Donotkeepdrivingiftheoilpressureislow.If youdo,yourenginecanbecomesohotthatit catchesre.Youorotherscouldbeburned. Checkyouroilassoonaspossibleandhave yourvehicleserviced. Notice: Lackofproperengineoilmaintenancemay damagetheengine.Therepairswouldnotbe coveredbyyourwarranty.Alwaysfollowthe maintenancescheduleinthismanualforchanging engineoil.SecurityLightThislightasheswhenthe vehiclesecuritysystemis activated.CruiseControlLightThislightcomeson wheneveryousetyour cruisecontrol. Thelightwillgooutwhenthecruisecontrolisturned off.See CruiseControlonpage3-10 formore information. 3-48

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HighbeamOnLightThislightwillcomeon whenthehigh-beam headlampsareinuse. See HeadlampHigh/Low-BeamChangeronpage3-8 .Four-Wheel-DriveLightThefour-wheel-drive indicatorwilllightupwhen youshiftamanual transfercaseinto four-wheeldriveandthe frontaxleengages. Somedelaybetweenshiftingandtheindicator’slighting isnormal. See Four-WheelDriveonpage2-36 formore information.Tow/HaulModeLightThislightisdisplayed whentheTow/Haulmode hasbeenactivated. Formoreinformation,see Tow/HaulModeonpage2-30 .CargoLampLightThislightwillcomeon whenthecargolampisin use.Formoreinformation see CargoLampon page3-18 3-49

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FuelGageWhentheignitionison,thefuelgagetellsyouabout howmuchfuelyouhaveleftinyourtank. Thegagewillrstindicateemptybeforeyouareoutof fuel,andyoushouldgetmorefuelassoonas possible. WhenthefueltankislowtheFUELLEVELLOW messagewillappear.See DICWarningsandMessages onpage3-54 formoreinformation. Herearesomesituationsyoumayexperiencewithyour fuelgage.Noneoftheseindicateaproblemwiththe fuelgage.Atthegasstation,thefuelpumpshutsoffbefore thegagereadsfull.Ittakesalittlemoreorlessfueltollupthanthe fuelgageindicated.Forexample,thegagemay haveindicatedthetankwashalffull,butitactually tookalittlemoreorlessthanhalfthetank’s capacitytollthetank.Thegagegoesbacktoemptywhenyouturnoffthe ignition. Ifyouhaveadieselengine,see“FuelGage”inthe DieselEngineSupplement.LowFuelWarningLightThelightnexttothefuelgagewillcomeonbrieywhen youarestartingtheengine. Thislightcomesonwhenthefueltankislowonfuel. Toturnitoff,addfueltothefueltank.See Fuelon page5-6 UnitedStates Canada 3-50

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DriverInformationCenter(DIC)TheDriverInformationCenter(DIC)displayislocated ontheinstrumentpanelcluster,belowthespeedometer. IfyourvehiclehasDICbuttons,theyarelocatedon thesteeringwheel.TheDICcandisplayinformation suchasthetripodometer,fueleconomy,customization features,andwarning/statusmessages. IfyourvehicledoesnothaveDICsteeringwheel buttons,youwillnothaveallofthefeatureslisted.Scroll throughtheodometer,tripodometer,enginehours, andselectedrangeifyourvehiclehasanAllison Transmissionbypressingthetripodometerresetstem locatedontheinstrumentpanelcluster.Turnoff,or acknowledge,DICmessagesbypressingthetrip odometerresetstem.See SpeedometerandOdometer onpage3-32 forinformationonfeaturesforvehicles withoutDICbuttons. IfyourvehiclehasanAllisonTransmissionandthe shiftleverisintheMANUALMODE(M)position, theDICwilldisplaythecurrentgearrange.TheDICwill alsodisplaythegearrangeasitisshiftedupor down.Forexample,ifthegearrangeiscurrentlyset to6,theDICwilldisplay(6 )54321. Whenthe gearrangeisshifteddownonetime,theDICwilldisplay 6(5)4321.See AutomaticTransmissionOperation onpage2-24 formoreinformation.3(TripInformation): Pressthisbuttontodisplay theodometer,tripodometers,timer,enginehours, andselectedrangeifyourvehiclehasanAllison Transmission.t(FuelInformation): Pressthisbuttontodisplaythe currentrange,fuelused,averagefueleconomy,and engineoillife.4(Customization): Pressthisbuttontoaccessthe vehiclesettingsmenuandcustomizethepersonal settingsonyourvehicle.r(Select): PressthisbuttontoresetcertainDIC functionsandsetyourcustomizationsettings. PressinganyofthefourDICbuttonswillacknowledge DICmessagesandclearthemfromtheDICdisplay. 3-51

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DICOperationandDisplaysTheDriverInformationCenter(DIC)comesonwhenthe ignitionison.Afterashortdelay,theDICwilldisplay theinformationthatwaslastdisplayedbeforetheengine wasturnedoff. TheDIChasdifferentmodeswhichcanbeaccessedby pressingthefourDICbuttonslocatedonthesteering wheel.Thesebuttonsaretripinformation,fuel information,customization,andselect.Thebutton functionsaredetailedinthefollowingpages.TripInformationButton 3(TripInformation): Pressthetripinformation buttontoscrollthroughtheODOMETER,TRIPA, TRIPB,TIMER,ENGINEHOURS,andSELECTED RANGE. Odometer: Pressthetripinformationbuttonuntil ODOMETERappearsonthedisplay.Thismodeshows thetotaldistancethevehiclehasbeendrivenin eithermilesorkilometers.Pressingtheresetstem locatedontheinstrumentclusterwiththevehicleoffwill alsodisplaytheodometer. TripA: PressthetripinformationbuttonuntilTRIPA appearsonthedisplay.Thismodeshowsthecurrent distancetraveledsincethelastresetforTRIPAineither milesorkilometers. TripB: PressthetripinformationbuttonuntilTRIPB appearsonthedisplay.Thismodeshowsthecurrent distancetraveledsincethelastresetforTRIPBineither milesorkilometers. ToresetTRIPAorTRIPBinformation,pressandhold theselectbuttonforonesecondwhileinoneofthe tripmodes.ThiswillresettheinformationforTRIPAor TRIPB. YoucanalsoresetTRIPAorTRIPBwhiletheyare displayedbypressingtheresetstemonthecluster.Ifyou pressandholdtheresetstemortheselectbuttonforfour seconds,thedisplaywillshowthedistancetraveledsince thelastignitioncycleforTRIPAorTRIPB. See TripOdometeronpage3-32 formoreinformation. Timer: TheDICcanbeusedasatimer.Pressthe selectbuttonwhileTIMERisdisplayedtostartthetimer. Thedisplaywillshowtheamountoftimethathas passedsincethetimerwaslastreset,notincludingtime theignitionisoff.Timewillcontinuetobecountedas longastheignitionison,evenifanotherdisplayisbeing shownontheDIC.Thetimerwillrecordupto99hours, 59minutesand59seconds(99:59:59)afterwhich thedisplaywillrollbacktozero. Tostopthecountingoftime,presstheselectbutton brieywhileTIMERisdisplayed. Toresetthetimertozero,pressandholdtheselect buttonwhileTIMERisdisplayed. 3-52

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EngineHours: Pressthetripinformationbuttonuntil ENGINEHOURSappearsonthedisplay.This modeshowsthetotalnumberofhourstheenginehas run.Pressingandholdingtheresetstemlocatedon theinstrumentclusterforaboutfoursecondswillalso displaytheenginehourinformationaftertheodometeris displayedwhenthevehicleisoff. SelectedRange: IfyourvehiclehasanAllison TransmissionandthevehicleisintheMANUAL MODE(M)position,pressthetripinformationbuttonuntil SELECTEDRANGE:M#appearsonthedisplay.The DICwilldisplaythecurrentgearrange.Forexample,if thegearrangeissetto6,theDICwilldisplaySELECTED RANGE:M6.See AutomaticTransmissionOperationon page2-24 formoreinformation.FuelInformationButton t(FuelInformation): Pressthefuelinformation buttontoscrollthroughtherange,fuelused,average fueleconomy,andtheengineoillifesystem. FuelRange: Pressthefuelinformationbuttonuntil RANGEappearsonthedisplay.Thismodeshowsthe remainingdistanceyoucandrivewithoutrefueling. Itisbasedonfueleconomyandthefuelremainingin thefueltank.ThedisplaywillshowLOWifthefuellevel islow. Thefueleconomydatausedtodeterminefuelrangeis anaverageofrecentdrivingconditions.Asyour drivingconditionschange,thisdataisgraduallyupdated. Fuelrangecannotbereset. FuelUsed: Pressthefuelinformationbuttonuntil FUELUSEDappearsonthedisplay.Thismodeshows thenumberofgallonsorlitersoffuelusedsincethe lastresetofthismenuitem.Toresetthefuelused information,pressandholdtheselectbuttonforone secondwhileFUELUSEDisdisplayed. AverageFuelEconomy: Pressthefuelinformation buttonuntilAVGECONappearsonthedisplay. Thismodeshowshowmanymilespergallon(MPG)or litersper100kilometers(L/100km)yourvehicleis gettingbasedoncurrentandpastdrivingconditions. Pressandholdtheselectbuttonforonesecondwhile AVGECONisdisplayedtoresettheaveragefuel economy.Averagefueleconomywillthenbecalculated startingfromthatpoint.Iftheaveragefueleconomyisnot reset,itwillbecontinuallyupdatedeachtimeyoudrive. 3-53

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EngineOilLifeSystem: Pressthefuelinformation buttonuntilENGINEOILLIFEappearsonthedisplay. Theengineoillifesystemshowsanestimateofthe oil’sremainingusefullife.Itwillshow100%whenthe systemisresetafteranoilchange.Itwillalertyou tochangeyouroilonascheduleconsistentwithyour drivingconditions. Alwaysresettheengineoillifesystemafteranoil change.Toresettheengineoillifesystem,see Engine OilLifeSystem(GasolineEngine)onpage5-23 Inadditiontotheengineoillifesystemmonitoringthe oillife,additionalmaintenanceisrecommendedin theMaintenanceScheduleinthismanual.See Engine Oil(GasolineEngine)onpage5-20 and Scheduled Maintenance(GasolineEngine)onpage6-4 .CustomizationButton 4(Customization): Pressthecustomizationbuttonto accesstheVEHICLESETTINGSmenuandcustomize thesettingstoyourvehicle.See DICVehicle Customizationonpage3-64 formoreinformation.SelectButton r(Select): Presstheselectbuttontoresetcertain DICfunctionsandsetyourcustomizationsettings. Forexample,thisbuttonwillresetthetripodometers andenablesyoutoscrollthroughandselectthe languageinwhichtheDICinformationwillappear.DICWarningsandMessagesWarningmessagesaredisplayedontheDriver InformationCenter(DIC)tonotifythedriverthatthe statusofthevehiclehaschangedandthatsomeaction maybeneededbythedrivertocorrectthecondition. Ifthereismorethanonemessagethatneedsto bedisplayed,theywillappearoneafteranother.Some messagesmaynotrequireimmediateaction,but youshouldpressanyofthefourDICbuttonsonthe steeringwheeltoacknowledgethatyoureceived themessagesandtoclearthemfromthedisplay.If yourvehicledoesnothaveDICbuttonsonthesteering wheel,pressthetripodometerresetstem,located ontheinstrumentpanelcluster,toacknowledge messagesandclearthemfromthedisplay. Somemessagescannotbeclearedfromthedisplay becausetheyaremoreurgent.Thesemessagesrequire actionbeforetheycanberemovedfromtheDIC display.Youshouldtakeanymessagesthatappearon thedisplayseriouslyandrememberthatclearingthe messageswillonlymakethemessagesdisappear,not correcttheproblem. 3-54

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Thefollowingarethepossiblemessagesthatcanbe displayedandsomeinformationaboutthem.BATTERYNOTCHARGINGOnsomevehicles,ifthebatteryisnotchargingduring operation,thismessagewillappearontheDIC. Drivingwiththisproblemcoulddrainyourbattery.Have theelectricalsystemcheckedbyyourGMdealeras soonaspossible.PressinganyofthefourDICbuttons willacknowledgethemessageandclearitfromthe DICdisplay.IfyourvehicledoesnothavethefourDIC buttons,pressingthetripodometerresetstemwill acknowledgethemessageandclearitfromtheDIC display.See BatteryWarningLightonpage3-39 and VoltmeterGageonpage3-39 .BUCKLEPASSENGERIfyourvehiclehasthepassengersensingsystem,this messageremindsyoutobucklethepassenger’s seatbelt.See PassengerSensingSystemonpage1-80 Thismessagewilldisplayandachimewillsoundwhen theignitionison,thedriver’sseatbeltisbuckled,the passenger’sseatbeltisunbuckledwiththepassenger airbagenabled,andthevehicleisinmotion.Youshould havethepassengerbuckletheirseatbelt. Thisreminderwillberepeatediftheignitionison,the vehicleisinmotion,thedriverisbuckledandthe passengerisstillunbuckled,andthepassengerairbag isenabled.Ifthepassenger’sseatbeltisalready buckled,thismessageandchimewillnotcomeon. PressinganyofthefourDICbuttonswillacknowledge themessageandclearitfromtheDICdisplay.If yourvehicledoesnothavethefourDICbuttons, pressingthetripodometerresetstemwillacknowledge themessageandclearitfromtheDICdisplay.BUCKLESEATBELTIfyourvehiclehasthepassengersensingsystem,this messageremindsyoutobucklethedriver’sseat belt.See PassengerSensingSystemonpage1-80 Thismessagewilldisplayandachimewillsoundwhen theignitionison,thedriver’sseatbeltisunbuckled, andthevehicleisinmotion.Youshouldbuckle yourseatbelt. Ifthedriverremainsunbuckledwhentheignitionison andthevehicleisinmotion,thereminderwillbe repeated.Ifthedriver’sseatbeltisalreadybuckled,this messageandchimewillnotcomeon. 3-55

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ThismessageisanadditionalremindertotheSafety BeltReminderLightintheinstrumentpanelcluster.See SafetyBeltReminderLightonpage3-33 formore information. PressinganyofthefourDICbuttonswillacknowledge themessageandclearitfromtheDICdisplay.If yourvehicledoesnothavethefourDICbuttons, pressingthetripodometerresetstemwillacknowledge themessageandclearitfromtheDICdisplay.CHANGEENGINEOILThismessageisdisplayedwhentheengineoilneedsto bechanged. Whenyouchangetheengineoil,besuretoresetthe CHANGEENGINEOILmessage.See EngineOil LifeSystem(GasolineEngine)onpage5-23 EngineOil (GasolineEngine)onpage5-20 ,and Scheduled Maintenance(GasolineEngine)onpage6-4 formore information.CHARGINGSYSTEMFAILUREOnsomevehicles,ifthereisaproblemwiththe generatorandbatterychargingsystem,thismessage willappearontheDIC,achimewillsound,andthe batterywarninglightontheinstrumentpanelclusterwill comeon.Drivingwiththisproblemcoulddrainyour battery.Turnoffallunnecessaryaccessories.Stopand turnoffthevehicleassoonasitissafetodoso. HavetheelectricalsystemcheckedbyyourGMdealer immediately.See BatteryWarningLightonpage3-39 and VoltmeterGageonpage3-39 formoreinformation.CHECKOILLEVELIfyourvehiclehasanoillevelsensor,andtheoillevel inthevehicleislow,thismessagewillappearon theDIC.Checktheoillevelandcorrectitasnecessary. Youmayneedtoletthevehiclecoolorwarmupand cycletheignitiontobesurethismessagewillclear. Oncetheproblemiscorrected,pressinganyofthefour DICbuttonswillacknowledgethemessageandclear itfromtheDICdisplay.Ifyourvehicledoesnothavethe fourDICbuttons,pressingthetripodometerreset stemwillacknowledgethemessageandclearitfrom theDICdisplay.See EngineOil(GasolineEngine) onpage5-20 foradditionalinformation. 3-56

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CHECKWASHERFLUIDIfthewasheruidlevelislow,thismessagewillappear ontheDIC.See WindshieldWasherFluidon page5-47 .Addingwasheruidtothewindshield washerreservoirwillclearthemessage.Pressingany ofthefourDICbuttonswillacknowledgethemessage andclearitfromtheDICdisplay.Ifyourvehicledoesnot havethefourDICbuttons,pressingthetripodometer resetstemwillacknowledgethemessageandclear itfromtheDICdisplay.DRIVERDOORAJARIfthedriver’sdoorisnotfullyclosed,thismessagewill appearonthedisplayandyouwillhearachime. Stopandturnoffthevehicle,checkthedoorfor obstaclesandclosethedooragain.Checktoseeifthe messagestillappearsontheDIC.Pressinganyof thefourDICbuttonswillacknowledgethemessageand clearitfromtheDICdisplay.Ifyourvehicledoesnot havethefourDICbuttons,pressingthetripodometer resetstemwillacknowledgethemessageandclear itfromtheDICdisplay.ENGINECOOLANTHOTIfthecoolingsystemtemperaturegetshot,thismessage willappearintheDIC.Turnofftheairconditioning.Ifthe messageisstillon,oriftheenginecoolanttemperature gagecontinuestorise,pullthevehicleoverwhenitis safetodoso.See EngineCoolantTemperatureGageon page3-43 formoreinformation.Stopthevehicleandlet theengineidleinPARK(P)forafewminutes,or NEUTRALwiththeparkingbrakesetformanual transmissions,toallowthecoolanttoreachasafe temperature.Thismessagewillclearwhenthecoolant temperaturedropstosafeoperatingtemperature.ENGINEOVERHEATEDNotice: Ifyoudriveyourvehiclewhiletheengineis overheating,severeenginedamagemayoccur.If anoverheatwarningappearsontheinstrument panelclusterand/orDIC,stopthevehicleassoon aspossible.Donotincreasetheenginespeedabove normalidlingspeed.See EngineOverheatingon page5-37 formoreinformation. Iftheenginecoolingsystemreachesunsafe temperaturesforoperation,thismessagewillappearin theDICandyouwillhearachime.Stopandturnoff thevehicleassoonasitissafetodosotoavoidsevere damage.Thismessagewillclearwhentheengine hascooledtoasafeoperatingtemperature. 3-57

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FUELLEVELLOWIfthefuellevelislow,thismessagewillappearonthe DICandyouwillhearachime.Refuelassoonas possible.PressinganyofthefourDICbuttonswill acknowledgethemessageandclearitfromthe DICdisplay.IfyourvehicledoesnothavethefourDIC buttons,pressingthetripodometerresetstemwill acknowledgethemessageandclearitfromtheDIC display.See LowFuelWarningLightonpage3-50 Fuel Gageonpage3-50 ,and Fuelonpage5-6 .KEYFOBXBATTERYLOWIfaremotekeylessentrytransmitterbatteryislow,this messagewillappearontheDIC.Thebatteryneeds tobereplacedinthetransmitter.See“Battery Replacement”under RemoteKeylessEntrySystem Operationonpage2-5 .Pressinganyofthefour DICbuttonswillacknowledgethemessageandclearit fromtheDICdisplay.Ifyourvehicledoesnothave thefourDICbuttons,pressingthetripodometerreset stemwillacknowledgethemessageandclearitfromthe DICdisplay.LEFTREARDOORAJAR(CrewCab)Ifthedriver’ssidereardoorisnotfullyclosed,this messagewillappearonthedisplayandyouwillheara chime.Stopandturnoffthevehicle,checkthedoor forobstaclesandclosethedooragain.Checktoseeif themessagestillappearsontheDIC.Pressingany ofthefourDICbuttonswillacknowledgethemessage andclearitfromtheDICdisplay.Ifyourvehicledoesnot havethefourDICbuttons,pressingthetripodometer resetstemwillacknowledgethemessageandclear itfromtheDICdisplay.LOWCOOLANTLEVELNotice: Enginedamagefromrunningyourengine withoutcoolantisnotcoveredbyyourwarranty.See “OverheatedEngineProtectionOperatingMode” intheIndexforinformationondrivingtoasafe placeinanemergency. Ifyourvehiclehasalowcoolantlevelsensor,this messagewillappearontheDICiftheenginecoolant levelislow.Addingcoolanttothecoolantrecoverytank willclearthemessage.See CoolingSystemon page5-40 .PressinganyofthefourDICbuttonswill acknowledgethemessageandclearitfromthe DICdisplay.IfyourvehicledoesnothavethefourDIC buttons,pressingthetripodometerresetstemwill acknowledgethemessageandclearitfromtheDIC display. 3-58

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OILLIFERESETThismessagewillappearonthedisplayforabout 10secondsafterresettingthechangeengineoil message.See“EngineOilLifeSystem”under DIC OperationandDisplaysonpage3-52 and EngineOil (GasolineEngine)onpage5-20 formoreinformation.OILPRESSURELOWNotice: Ifyoudriveyourvehiclewhiletheengine oilpressureislow,severeenginedamagemay occur.Ifalowoilpressurewarningappearsonthe DriverInformationCenter(DIC),stopthevehicle assoonaspossible.Donotdrivethevehicleuntil thecauseofthelowoilpressureiscorrected. See EngineOil(GasolineEngine)onpage5-20 for moreinformation. Iflowoilpressurelevelsoccur,thismessagewillbe displayedontheDICandachimewillsound.Stopthe vehicleassoonassafelypossibleanddonotoperate ituntilthecauseofthelowoilpressurehasbeen corrected.Checkyouroilassoonaspossibleandhave yourvehicleservicedbyyourGMdealer.See Engine Oil(GasolineEngine)onpage5-20 .PASSENGERDOORAJARIfthepassenger’sdoorisnotfullyclosed,thismessage willappearonthedisplayandyouwillhearachime. Stopandturnoffthevehicle,checkthedoorfor obstaclesandclosethedooragain.Checktoseeifthe messagestillappearsontheDIC.Pressinganyof thefourDICbuttonswillacknowledgethemessageand clearitfromtheDICdisplay.Ifyourvehicledoesnot havethefourDICbuttons,pressingthetripodometer resetstemwillacknowledgethemessageandclear itfromtheDICdisplay.RANGESHIFTINHIBITED (AllisonTransmissionOnly)Ifthetransmissionisunabletoshiftintoaselected gear,thismessagewillappearontheDIC.The electronicshiftpositionindicatorontheinstrumentpanel clustermayblinkwhenthisoccurs.Tomakethe vehicleshifttotherequestedgear,youmayhaveto shiftbacktoPARK(P)orNEUTRAL(N)andre-select thedesiredgear. 3-59

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REDUCEDENGINEPOWERThismessageisdisplayedwhenthecoolingsystem temperaturegetstoohotandtheenginefurtherenters theenginecoolantprotectionmode. See EngineOverheatingonpage5-37 foradditional information.RIGHTREARDOORAJAR(CrewCab)Ifthepassenger’ssidereardoorisnotfullyclosed, thismessagewillappearonthedisplayandyou willhearachime.Stopandturnoffthevehicle,check thedoorforobstaclesandclosethedooragain. ChecktoseeifthemessagestillappearsontheDIC. PressinganyofthefourDICbuttonswillacknowledge themessageandclearitfromtheDICdisplay.If yourvehicledoesnothavethefourDICbuttons, pressingthetripodometerresetstemwillacknowledge themessageandclearitfromtheDICdisplay.SERVICE4WD(Four-Wheel-Drive)Ifaproblemoccurswiththefour-wheel-drivesystem, thismessagewillappearontheDIC.Ifthismessage appears,stopassoonaspossibleandturnoffthe vehicle.Restartthevehicleandcheckforthemessage ontheDICdisplay.Ifthemessageisstilldisplayed orappearsagainwhenyoubegindriving,the four-wheel-drivesystemneedsservice.Seeyour GMdealer.SERVICEAIRBAGIfthereisaproblemwiththeairbagsystem,this messagewillbedisplayedontheDIC.Haveyour GMdealerinspectthesystemforproblems.See Airbag ReadinessLightonpage3-33 and AirbagSystemon page1-70 formoreinformation.Pressinganyofthe fourDICbuttonswillacknowledgethemessage andclearitfromtheDICdisplay.Ifyourvehicledoes nothavethefourDICbuttons,pressingthetrip odometerresetstemwillacknowledgethemessageand clearitfromtheDICdisplay. 3-60

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SERVICEBRAKEBOOSTER {CAUTION:Yourbrakesystemmaynotbeworking properlyiftheSERVICEBRAKEBOOSTER messageisdisplayed. Ifthebrakesystemwarninglightisalsoon, youshouldhavethevehicletowedforservice. See BrakeSystemWarningLightonpage3-41 Ifthebrakesystemwarninglightisnoton,you stillhavebrakes,butthesupplementalbrake assistsystemonvehicleswithreardisc brakesmaynotoperateproperly.Intheevent ofavacuumloss,youmaynothavevacuum powerassistforbraking.Thebrakepedalwill behardertopushanditwilltakelongerto stop.Ifyoucontinuetodrivewiththis messagedisplayeditcanleadtoacrash.Have thebrakesystemservicedassoonas possible. Ifyourvehiclehasvacuumassistpowerbrakes,this messagewillbedisplayedontheDICwhenthereisa problemwiththeSupplementalBrakeAssistsystem. Ifthemessageisdisplayedimmediatelyafterstarting thevehicleorthemessageappearswhiledriving, yourSupplementalBrakeAssistsystemneedsservice. SeeyourGMdealer.See BrakeSystemWarning Lightonpage3-41 foradditionalinformation.SERVICEBRAKESYSTEMIfthereisaproblemwiththebrakesystem,this messagewillbedisplayedontheDIC.Ifthismessage appears,stopassoonaspossibleandturnoffthe vehicle.Restartthevehicleandcheckforthemessage ontheDICdisplay.Ifthemessageisstilldisplayed orappearsagainwhenyoubegindriving,thebrake systemneedsservice.SeeyourGMdealer. 3-61

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SERVICECHARGINGSYSTEMOnsomevehicles,ifthereisaproblemwiththebattery chargingsystem,thismessagewillappearonthe DIC.Undercertainconditions,thebatterywarninglight mayalsoturnonintheinstrumentpanelcluster. See BatteryWarningLightonpage3-39 .Thebattery willnotbechargingatanoptimalrateandthevehicle willlosetheabilitytoenterthefueleconomymode.The vehicleissafetodrive,howeveryoushouldhavethe electricalsystemcheckedbyyourGMdealer.Pressing anyofthefourDICbuttonswillacknowledgethe messageandclearitfromtheDICdisplay.Ifyour vehicledoesnothavethefourDICbuttons,pressing thetripodometerresetstemwillacknowledgethe messageandclearitfromtheDICdisplay.TIGHTENFUELCAPIfthevehicle’sfuelcapisnottightenedproperly,this messagemayappearalongwiththecheckenginelight ontheinstrumentpanel.See MalfunctionIndicator Lamponpage3-45 .Fullyreinstallthefuelcap. See FillingtheTankonpage5-10 .Thediagnosticsystem candetermineifthefuelcaphasbeenleftoffor improperlyinstalled.Alooseormissingfuelcapwill allowfueltoevaporateintotheatmosphere.Afew drivingtripswiththecapproperlyinstalledshouldturn thelightandmessageoff.TRACTIONACTIVEWhenthetractioncontrolsystemhaddetectedthatany ofthevehicle’swheelsareslipping,thetraction controlsystemwillactivateandthismessagewillappear ontheDIC.Formoreinformation,see TractionAssist System(TAS)onpage4-9 .TRANS(Transmission)HOTIDLE ENGINENotice: Ifyoudriveyourvehiclewhilethe transmissionuidisoverheatingandthe transmissiontemperaturewarningisdisplayedon theinstrumentpanelclusterand/orDIC,you candamagethetransmission.Thiscouldleadto costlyrepairsthatwouldnotbecoveredby yourwarranty.Donotdriveyourvehiclewith overheatedtransmissionuidorwhilethe transmissiontemperaturewarningisdisplayed. Ifthetransmissionuidinthevehiclegetshot, thismessagewillappearontheDICalongwitha continuouschime.Drivingwiththetransmissionuid temperaturehighcancausedamagetothevehicle.Stop thevehicleandletitidletoallowthetransmissionto cool.Thismessagewillclearandthechimewill stopwhentheuidtemperaturereachesasafelevel. See TransmissionTemperatureGageonpage3-43 3-62

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TRANSMISSIONHOTNotice: Ifyoudriveyourvehiclewhilethe transmissionuidisoverheatingandthe transmissiontemperaturewarningisdisplayedon theinstrumentpanelclusterand/orDIC,you candamagethetransmission.Thiscouldleadto costlyrepairsthatwouldnotbecoveredby yourwarranty.Donotdriveyourvehiclewith overheatedtransmissionuidorwhilethe transmissiontemperaturewarningisdisplayed. Ifthetransmissionuidtemperaturebecomeshigh,this messagewillappearontheDICdisplay. Whenthetransmissionenterstheprotectionmode,you maynoticeachangeinthetransmissionshifting patterns.Whenthetransmissionuidtemperature returnstonormal,thedisplaywillturnoffandthe transmissionshiftingpatternswillreturntonormal. IfthevehiclehastheTow/Haulmode,usethisfeatureif thetransmissionisoperatingathighertemperatures and/orthefollowingsituationsexist,whichcancausethe transmissiontooperateathighertemperatures:TowingatrailerHotoutsideairtemperaturesHaulingalargeorheavyloadOver-loadingLowtransmissionuidlevelHightransmissionuidlevelRestrictedairowtotheradiatorandtheauxiliary transmissionoilcooler Atemporarysolutiontohottertransmissionoperating temperaturesmaybetoletthetransmissioncooldown. Ifthetransmissionisoperatedathighertemperatures onafrequentbasis,see ScheduledMaintenance (GasolineEngine)onpage6-4 forthetransmissionyour vehicleisequippedwithforthepropertransmission maintenanceintervals.Alsosee Transmission TemperatureGageonpage3-43 formoreinformation.TRANS(Transmission)INWARM UP(AllisonTransmissionOnly)Whentemperaturesareverycold,thetransmissionwill preventcertainoperationssuchasshiftstocertain rangesandengagingthetorqueconverterclutch toprotectagainstdamage.Whenactive,theDICwill displaythemessageTRANSINWARMUP. 3-63

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TURNSIGNALONIfaturnsignalisleftonfor3/4ofamile(1.2km),this messagewillappearonthedisplayandyouwillheara chime.Movetheturnsignal/multifunctionlevertothe offposition.PressinganyofthefourDICbuttons willacknowledgethemessageandclearitfromtheDIC display.IfyourvehicledoesnothavethefourDIC buttons,pressingthetripodometerresetstem willacknowledgethemessageandclearitfromtheDIC display.DICVehicleCustomizationYourvehiclemayhavecustomizationcapabilitiesthat allowyoutoprogramsomefeaturestoonesetting basedonyourpreference.Allofthecustomizable optionslistedmaynotbeavailableonyourvehicle.Only theoptionsavailablewillbedisplayedonyourDriver InformationCenter(DIC). Thedefaultsettingsforthecustomizationfeatureswere setwhenyourvehicleleftthefactory,butmayhave beenchangedfromtheirdefaultstatesincethen. Tochangefeaturepreferences,makesuretheignition isonandthevehicleisinPARK(P).Pressthe customizationbuttontoscrollthroughtheavailable customizableoptions. Afterpressingthecustomizationbutton,VEHICLE SETTINGSwillmomentarilydisplaybeforegoingtoa customizationoption.LockDoors(AutomaticTransmissiononly)Ifyouhaveanautomatictransmissionvehicle,press thecustomizationbuttonuntilLOCKDOORSappearsin thedisplay.Toselectyourpreferenceforautomatic locking,presstheselectbuttonwhileLOCKDOORSis displayedontheDIC.Pressingtheselectbuttonwill scrollthroughthefollowingchoices: LOCKDOORS:INGEAR(default): Thedoorswilllock whenthevehicleisshiftedoutofPARK(P). LOCKDOORS:WITHSPEED: Thedoorswilllock whenthevehiclespeedisabove8mph(13km/h)for threeseconds. Chooseoneoftheavailableoptionsandpressthe customizationbuttonwhileitisdisplayedontheDICto selectitandmoveontothenextfeature.Formore informationonautomaticdoorlocks,see Programmable AutomaticDoorLocksonpage2-10 3-64

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UnlockDoors(Automatic Transmissiononly)Ifyouhaveanautomatictransmissionvehicle,pressthe customizationbuttonuntilUNLOCKDOORSappears inthedisplay.Toselectyourpreferenceforautomatic unlocking,presstheselectbuttonwhileUNLOCK DOORSisdisplayedontheDIC.Pressingtheselect buttonwillscrollthroughthefollowingchoices: UNLOCKDOORS:INPARK(default): Allofthedoors willunlockwhenthevehicleisshiftedintoPARK(P). UNLOCKDRIVER:INPARK: Thedriver’sdoorwillbe unlockedwhenthevehicleisshiftedintoPARK(P). UNLOCKDOORS:KEYOUT: Allofthedoors willunlockwhenthekeyistakenoutoftheignition. UNLOCKDOORS:MANUALLY: Thedoorswillnotbe unlockedautomatically. Chooseoneoftheavailableoptionsandpressthe customizationbuttonwhileitisdisplayedontheDICto selectitandmoveontothenextfeature.Formore informationonautomaticdoorlocks,see Programmable AutomaticDoorLocksonpage2-10 .DoorLockDelay(CrewCabonly)IfyourDICdoesnothavethisfeature,youstillmaybe abletoprogramthedelayedlockingfeature.See DelayedLockingonpage2-9 formoreinformation. Whenlockingthedoorswiththepowerlockswitchor thekeylessentrytransmitterandadoorisopen, thedelayedlockingfeaturewilldelaylockingthedoors untilvesecondsafterthelastdoorisclosed. PressthecustomizationbuttonuntilDOORLOCK DELAYappearsinthedisplay.Toselectyourpreference fordelayedlocking,presstheselectbuttonwhileDOOR LOCKDELAYisdisplayedontheDIC.Pressingthe selectbuttonwillscrollthroughthefollowingchoices: DOORLOCKDELAY:OFF(default): Thedoorswill lockimmediatelywhenpressingthepowerlockswitchor thelockbuttononthekeylessentrytransmitter. DOORLOCKDELAY:ON: Thedoorswillnotlockuntil vesecondsafterthelastdoorisclosed.Youwill hearthreechimestosignalthatthedelayedlocking featureisinuse.Youcantemporarilyoverridedelayed lockingbypressingthelockbuttononthedooror keylessentrytransmitterasecondtime. Chooseoneoftheavailableoptionsandpressthe customizationbuttonwhileitisdisplayedontheDICto selectitandmoveontothenextfeature. Thisfeaturewillnotoperateifthekeyisintheignition. 3-65

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LockFeedbackPressthecustomizationbuttonuntilLOCKFEEDBACK appearsinthedisplay.Toselectyourpreferencefor thefeedbackyoureceivewhenlockingthevehiclewith theremotekeylessentrytransmitter,presstheselect buttonwhileLOCKFEEDBACKisdisplayedontheDIC. Pressingtheselectbuttonwillscrollthroughthe followingchoices: LOCKFEEDBACK:BOTH(default): Theparking lampswillasheachtimeyoupressthebuttonwiththe locksymbolontheremotekeylessentrytransmitter andthehornwillchirpthesecondtimeyoupressthe lockbutton. LOCKFEEDBACK:LAMPS: Theparkinglampswill asheachtimeyoupressthebuttonwiththelock symbolontheremotekeylessentrytransmitter. LOCKFEEDBACK:HORN: Thehornwillchirpthe secondtimeyoupressthebuttonwiththelocksymbol ontheremotekeylessentrytransmitter. LOCKFEEDBACK:OFF: Therewillbenofeedback whenlockingthevehicle. Chooseoneoftheavailableoptionsandpressthe customizationbuttonwhileitisdisplayedontheDICto selectitandmoveontothenextfeature.UnlockFeedbackPressthecustomizationbuttonuntilUNLOCK FEEDBACKappearsinthedisplay.Toselectyour preferenceforthefeedbackyouwillreceivewhen unlockingthevehiclewiththeremotekeylessentry transmitter,presstheselectbuttonwhileUNLOCK FEEDBACKisdisplayedontheDIC.Pressingtheselect buttonwillscrollthroughthefollowingchoices: UNLOCKFEEDBACK:LAMPS(default): Theparking lampswillasheachtimeyoupressthebuttonwith theunlocksymbolontheremotekeylessentry transmitter. UNLOCKFEEDBACK:HORN: Thehornwillchirpthe secondtimeyoupressthebuttonwiththeunlock symbolontheremotekeylessentrytransmitter. UNLOCKFEEDBACK:BOTH: Theparkinglampswill asheachtimeyoupressthebuttonwiththeunlock symbolontheremotekeylessentrytransmitterandthe hornwillchirpthesecondtimeyoupresstheunlock button. UNLOCKFEEDBACK:OFF: Therewillbenofeedback whenunlockingthevehicle. Chooseoneoftheavailableoptionsandpressthe customizationbuttonwhileitisdisplayedontheDICto selectitandmoveontothenextfeature. 3-66

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HeadlampDelayPressthecustomizationbuttonuntilHEADLAMP DELAYappearsinthedisplay.Toselectyour preferenceforhowlongtheheadlampswillstayon whenyouturnoffthevehicle,presstheselectbutton whileHEADLAMPDELAYisdisplayedontheDIC. Pressingtheselectbuttonwillscrollthroughthe followingchoices:HEADLAMPDELAY:10SEC(Seconds)(default)HEADLAMPDELAY:20SECHEADLAMPDELAY:40SECHEADLAMPDELAY:1MIN(Minute)HEADLAMPDELAY:2MINHEADLAMPDELAY:3MINHEADLAMPDELAY:OFF Theamountoftimeyouchoosewillbetheamountof timethattheheadlampsstayonafteryouturnoff thevehicle.Ifyouchooseoff,theheadlampswillturn offassoonasyouturnoffthevehicle. Chooseoneoftheavailableoptionsandpressthe customizationbuttonwhileitisdisplayedontheDICto selectitandmoveontothenextfeature.PerimeterLightsPressthecustomizationbuttonuntilPERIMETER LIGHTSappearsinthedisplay.Toselectyour preferenceforperimeterlighting,presstheselectbutton whilePERIMETERLIGHTSisdisplayedontheDIC. Pressingtheselectbuttonwillscrollthroughthe followingchoices: PERIMETERLIGHTS:ON(default): Theheadlamps andback-uplampswillcomeonfor40seconds,if itisdarkenoughoutside,whenyouunlockthevehicle withtheremotekeylessentrytransmitter. PERIMETERLIGHTS:OFF: Theperimeterlightswill notcomeonwhenyouunlockthevehiclewiththe remotekeylessentrytransmitter. Chooseoneoftheavailableoptionsandpressthe customizationbuttonwhileitisdisplayedontheDICto selectitandmoveontothenextfeature.EasyExitSeatPressthecustomizationbuttonuntilEASYEXITSEAT appearsinthedisplay.Toselectyourpreferencefor seatpositionexit,presstheselectbuttonwhile EASYEXITSEATisdisplayedontheDIC.Pressingthe selectbuttonwillscrollthroughthefollowingchoices: EASYEXITSEAT:OFF(default): Noseatexit recallwilloccur. 3-67

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EASYEXITSEAT:ON: Thedriver’sseatwillmoveto theexitpositionwhenthekeyisremovedfromthe ignition. Chooseoneoftheavailableoptionsandpressthe customizationbuttonwhileitisdisplayedontheDICto selectitandmoveontothenextfeature.Formore informationonseatpositionexit,see MemorySeaton page2-79 .CurbViewPressthecustomizationbuttonuntilCURBVIEW appearsinthedisplay.Toselectyourpreferencefor curbview,presstheselectbuttonwhileCURBVIEWis displayedontheDIC.Pressingtheselectbuttonwill scrollthroughthefollowingchoices: CURBVIEW:OFF(default): Neitheroutsidemirrorwill betilteddownwhenthevehicleisshiftedinto REVERSE(R). CURBVIEW:PASSENGER: Thepassenger’soutside mirrorwillbetilteddownwhenthevehicleisshifted intoREVERSE(R). CURBVIEW:DRIVER: Thedriver’soutsidemirrorwill betilteddownwhenthevehicleisshiftedinto REVERSE(R). CURBVIEW:BOTH: Thedriver’sandpassenger’s outsidemirrorwillbetilteddownwhenthevehicle isshiftedintoREVERSE(R). Chooseoneoftheavailableoptionsandpressthe customizationbuttonwhileitisdisplayedontheDICto selectitandmoveontothenextfeature.Formore informationontiltmirrorinreverse,see OutsideCurb ViewAssistMirrorsonpage2-68 .AlarmWarningPressthecustomizationbuttonuntilALARMWARNING appearsinthedisplay.Toselectyourpreferencefor alarmwarning,presstheselectbuttonwhileALARM WARNINGisdisplayedontheDIC.Pressingtheselect buttonwillscrollthroughthefollowingchoices: ALARMWARNING:BOTH(default): Theheadlamps willashandthehornwillchirpwhenthealarmis active. ALARMWARNING:OFF: Therewillbenoalarm warningonactivation. ALARMWARNING:HORN: Thehornwillchirpwhen thealarmisactive. ALARMWARNING:LAMPS: Theheadlampswillash whenthealarmisactive. Chooseoneoftheavailableoptionsandpressthe customizationbuttonwhileyourchoiceisdisplayedon theDICtoselectitandmoveontothenextfeature. Formoreinformationonalarmwarningtype,see ContentTheft-Deterrentonpage2-18 3-68

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LanguageToselectyourpreferencefordisplaylanguage,press theselectbuttonwhileLANGUAGEisdisplayedonthe DIC.Pressingtheselectbuttonwillscrollthroughthe followinglanguages:ENGLISHFRANCAIS(French)ESPANOL(Spanish) Chooseoneoftheavailableoptionsandpressthe customizationbuttonwhileitisdisplayedontheDICto selectit. Ifyouaccidentallychoosealanguagethatyoudonot wantorunderstand,pressandholdthecustomization buttonandthetripinformationbuttonatthesame time.TheDICwillbeginscrollingthroughthelanguages intheirparticularlanguage.EnglishwillbeinEnglish, FrancaiswillbeinFrenchandEspanolwillbein Spanish.Whenyouseethelanguagethatyouwould like,releasebothbuttons.TheDICwillthendisplaythe informationinthelanguageyouchose. Youcanalsoscrollthroughthedifferentlanguagesby pressingandholdingthetripresetstemforfour seconds,aslongasyouareintheodometermode.DisplayUnitsPressthecustomizationbuttonuntilDISPLAYUNITS appearsinthedisplay.ToselectEnglishormetric,press theselectbuttonwhileDISPLAYUNITSisdisplayed ontheDIC.Pressingtheselectbuttonwillscrollthrough thefollowingchoices:DISPLAYUNITS:ENGLISHDISPLAYUNITS:METRIC IfyouchooseEnglish,allinformationwillbedisplayed inEnglishunits.Forexample,distanceinmilesandfuel economyinmilespergallon.Ifyouchoosemetric,all informationwillbedisplayedinmetricunits.For example,distanceinkilometersandfueleconomyin litersper100kilometers. Chooseoneoftheavailableoptionsandpressthe customizationbuttonwhileitisdisplayedontheDICto selectitandendoutofthecustomizableoptions. 3-69

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AudioSystem(s)Determinewhichradioyourvehiclehasandthenreadthe pagesfollowingtofamiliarizeyourselfwithitsfeatures. Drivingwithoutdistractionisanecessityforasafer drivingexperience.See DefensiveDrivingonpage4-2 Bytakingafewmomentstoreadthismanualand getfamiliarwithyourvehicle’saudiosystem,youcan useitwithlesseffort,aswellastakeadvantageof itsfeatures.Whileyourvehicleisparked,setupyour audiosystembypresettingyourfavoriteradiostations, settingthetoneandadjustingthespeakers.Then, whendrivingconditionspermit,youcantunetoyour favoritestationsusingthepresetsandsteering wheelcontrols(ifequipped). {CAUTION:Thissystemprovidesyouwithafargreater accesstoaudiostationsandsonglistings. Givingextendedattentiontoentertainment taskswhiledrivingcancauseacrashandyou orotherscanbeinjuredorkilled.Alwayskeep youreyesontheroadandyourmindonthe drive—avoidengaginginextendedsearching whiledriving. Keepingyourmindonthedriveisimportantforsafe driving.Formoreinformation,see DefensiveDrivingon page4-2 Herearesomewaysinwhichyoucanhelpavoid distractionwhiledriving. Whileyourvehicleisparked:Familiarizeyourselfwithallofitscontrols.Familiarizeyourselfwithitsoperation.Setupyouraudiosystembypresettingyour favoriteradiostations,settingthetone,and adjustingthespeakers.Then,whendriving conditionspermit,youcantunetoyourfavorite radiostationsusingthepresetsandsteeringwheel controls(ifequipped). Notice: Beforeaddinganysoundequipmentto yourvehicle,suchasanaudiosystem,CDplayer, CBradio,mobiletelephone,ortwo-wayradio,make surethatitcanbeaddedbycheckingwithyour dealer.Also,checkfederalrulescoveringmobile radioandtelephoneunits.Ifsoundequipmentcan beadded,itisveryimportanttodoitproperly. Addedsoundequipmentmayinterferewith theoperationofyourvehicle’sengine,radio,or othersystems,andevendamagethem.Your vehicle’ssystemsmayinterferewiththeoperation ofsoundequipmentthathasbeenadded. 3-70

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Notice: Thechimesignalsrelatedtosafetybelts, parkingbrake,andotherfunctionsofyourvehicle operatethroughtheGMradio/entertainmentsystem. Ifthatequipmentisreplacedoradditional equipmentisaddedtoyourvehicle,thechimesmay notwork.Makesurethatreplacementoradditional equipmentiscompatiblewithyourvehiclebefore installingit.See AccessoriesandModicationson page5-4 YourvehiclemayhaveafeaturecalledRetained AccessoryPower(RAP).WithRAP,theaudiosystem canbeplayedevenaftertheignitionisturnedoff. See RetainedAccessoryPower(RAP)onpage2-22 for moreinformation.SettingtheTimeforRadioswithout RadioDataSystems(RDS)PressandholdHRuntilthecorrecthourappearsonthe display.PressandholdMINuntilthecorrectminute appearsonthedisplay.Thereisaninitialtwo-second delaybeforetheclockgoesintotime-setmode. Displaythetimewiththeignitionoff,bypressingRCL, HR,orMIN.SettingtheTimeforRadioswith RadioDataSystems(RDS)TheradiomayhaveabuttonmarkedwithanHorHR torepresenthoursandanMorMNtorepresent minutes. Pressandholdthehourbuttonuntilthecorrecthour appearsonthedisplay.Pressandholdtheminute buttonuntilthecorrectminuteappearsonthedisplay. Thetimecanbesetwiththeignitiononoroff. TosynchronizethetimewithanFMstationbroadcasting RadioDataSystem(RDS)information,pressand holdthehourandminutebuttonsatthesametimeuntil RDSTIMEappearsonthedisplay.Toacceptthis time,pressandholdthehourandminutebuttons,atthe sametime,foranothertwoseconds.Ifthetimeisnot availablefromthestation,NOUPDATwillappearonthe display. RDStimeisbroadcastonceaminute.Aftertuningtoan RDSbroadcaststation,itmaytakeafewminutesfor thetimetoupdate. 3-71

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AM-FMRadioPlayingtheRadioPWR(Power): Pressthisknobtoturnthesystemon andoff. VOL(Volume): Turnthisknobtoincreaseorto decreasethevolume. RCL(Recall): Pressthisknobtoswitchthedisplay betweentheradiostationfrequency,band,andthetime. Whentheignitionisoff,pressthisknobtodisplay thetime.FindingaStationAMFM: PressthisbuttontoswitchbetweenFM1,FM2, orAM.Thedisplaywillshowtheselection. TUNE: Turnthisknobtoselectradiostations.oSEEKp: Presstherightortheleftarrowtogoto thenextortothepreviousstationandstaythere. Toscanstations,pressandholdeitherSEEKarrowfor twosecondsuntilyouhearabeep.Theradiowillgo toastation,playforafewseconds,thengoonto thenextstation.PresseitherSEEKarrowagaintostop scanning. Toscanpresetstations,pressandholdeitherSEEK arrowformorethanfoursecondsuntilyouhear twobeeps.Theradiowillgototherstpresetstation storedonthepushbuttons,playforafewseconds,then goontothenextpresetstation.PresseitherSEEK arrowagaintostopscanningpresets. Theradiowillonlyseekandscanstationswithastrong signalthatareintheselectedband. 3-72

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SettingPresetStationsUpto18stations(sixFM1,sixFM2,andsixAM)canbe programmedonthesixnumberedpushbuttons,by performingthefollowingsteps: 1.Turntheradioon. 2.PressAMFMtoselectFM1,FM2,orAM. 3.Tuneinthedesiredstation. 4.Pressandholdoneofthesixnumbered pushbuttonsuntilyouhearabeep.Wheneverthat numberedpushbuttonispressed,thestation thatwassetwillreturn. 5.Repeatthestepsforeachpushbutton.SettingtheTone(Bass/Treble)AUDIO: Toadjustbassortreble,pressandrelease AUDIOuntilBASorTREappearsonthedisplay.Then pressandholdtheuporthedownarrowtoincrease ortodecrease.Ifastationisweakornoisy,decrease thetreble. Toadjustbassortrebletothemiddleposition,select BASorTRE.ThenpressandholdAUDIOformorethan twosecondsuntilyouhearabeep.BandazeroorT andazerowillappearonthedisplay. Toadjustalltoneandspeakercontrolstothemiddle position,rstendoutofaudiomodebypressinganother button,causingtheradiotoperformthatfunctionor bywaitingvesecondsforthedisplaytoreturntotime ofday.ThenpressandholdAUDIOformorethan twosecondsuntilyouhearabeep.CENwillappearon thedisplay.AdjustingtheSpeakers(Balance/Fade)AUDIO: Toadjustthebalancebetweentheright andtheleftspeakers,pressandreleaseAUDIOuntil BALappearsonthedisplay.Thenpressandholdtheup orthedownarrowtomovethesoundtowardtheright ortheleftspeakers. Toadjustthefadebetweenthefrontandtherear speakers,pressandreleaseAUDIOuntilFADappears onthedisplay.Thenpressandholdtheuporthe downarrowtomovethesoundtowardthefrontorthe rearspeakers. Toadjustbalanceorfadetothemiddleposition,select BALorFAD.ThenpressandholdAUDIOformore thantwosecondsuntilyouhearabeep.L(balance)and azeroorFandazerowillappearonthedisplay. 3-73

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Toadjustalltoneandspeakercontrolstothemiddle position,rstendoutofaudiomodebypressinganother button,causingtheradiotoperformthatfunctionor bywaitingvesecondsforthedisplaytoreturntotime ofday.ThenpressandholdAUDIOformorethan twosecondsuntilyouhearabeep.CENwillappearon thedisplay. Fademaynotbeavailableifthevehicleisaregular cabmodel.RadioMessagesCAL(Calibrated): Theaudiosystemhasbeen calibratedforyourvehiclefromthefactory.IfCAL appearsonthedisplayitmeansthattheradiohasnot beenconguredproperlyforyourvehicleandmust bereturnedtoyourGMdealerforservice. LOC(Locked): Thismessageisdisplayedwhenthe THEFTLOCKsystemhaslockedup.Takethevehicle toyourGMdealerforservice. Ifanyerroroccursrepeatedlyorifanerrorcannotbe corrected,contactyourGMdealer.RadiowithCDIfyourvehiclehastheBoseaudiosystem,your vehiclewillhavesixBoseampliedspeakers. BaseRadioShown,BoseSimilar 3-74

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RadioDataSystem(RDS)TheaudiosystemhasaRadioDataSystem(RDS). RDSfeaturesareavailableforuseonlyonFMstations thatbroadcastRDSinformation. WithRDS,theradiocandothefollowing:Seektostationsbroadcastingtheselectedtypeof programmingReceiveannouncementsconcerninglocaland nationalemergenciesDisplaymessagesfromradiostations Thissystemreliesuponreceivingspecicinformation fromthesestationsandwillonlyworkwhenthe informationisavailable.Inrarecases,aradiostation maybroadcastincorrectinformationthatwillcause theradiofeaturestoworkimproperly.Ifthishappens, contacttheradiostation. WhiletheradioistunedtoanRDSstation,thestation nameorcallletterswillappearonthedisplayinsteadof thefrequency.RDSstationsmayalsoprovidethe timeofday,aprogramtype(PTY)forcurrent programming,andthenameoftheprogrambeing broadcast.XM™SatelliteRadioServiceXM™isasatelliteradioservicethatisbasedinthe 48contiguousUnitedStatesandinCanada(ifavailable). XM™offersover100coast-to-coastchannelsincluding music,news,sports,talk,andchildren’sprogramming. XM™providesdigitalqualityaudioandtextinformation thatincludessongtitleandartistname.Aservicefeeis requiredinordertoreceivetheXM™service.Formore information,contactXM™atwww.xmradio.comorcall 1-800-852-XMXM(9696).PlayingtheRadioPWR(Power): Pressthisknobtoturnthesystemon andoff.oVOLp(Volume): Turnthisknobtoincreaseorto decreasethevolume. INFO(Information): Whentheignitionisoff,pressthis knobtodisplaythetime. ForRDS,presstheINFOknobtochangewhatappears onthedisplaywhileusingRDS.Thedisplayoptions arestationname,RDSstationfrequency,PTY,andthe nameoftheprogram(ifavailable). 3-75

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ForXM™(ifequipped),presstheINFOknobwhilein XM™modetoretrievefourdifferentcategoriesof informationrelatedtothecurrentsongorchannel:Artist, SongTitle,CategoryorPTY,Channel Number/ChannelName. Tochangethedefaultonthedisplay,presstheINFO knobuntilyouseethedisplayyouwant,thenhold theknobuntilyouhearabeep.Theselecteddisplaywill nowbethedefault. AUTOVOL(AutomaticVolume): Withautomatic volume,theaudiosystemwilladjustautomaticallyto makeupforroadandwindnoiseasyoudriveby increasingthevolumeasvehiclespeedincreases. Setthevolumeatthedesiredlevel.Pressthisbuttonto selectLOW,MEDIUM,orHIGH.AVOLwillappear onthedisplay.Eachhighersettingwillprovidemore volumecompensationatfastervehiclespeeds.Toturn automaticvolumeoff,pressthisbuttonuntilAVOL OFFappearsonthedisplay.FindingaStationBAND: PressthisbuttontoswitchbetweenFM1,FM2, AM,orXM1orXM2(ifequipped).Thedisplaywill showtheselection.oTUNEp: Turnthisknobtoselectradiostations.SEEK¨: PresseithertheSEEKortheTYPE arrowstogotothenextortothepreviousstationand staythere. Theradiowillonlyseekstationswithastrongsignal thatareintheselectedband.SCAN¨: PressandholdeithertheSCANorthe TYPEarrowsfortwosecondsuntilSCANappears onthedisplayandyouhearabeep.Theradiowillgoto astation,playforafewseconds,thengoontothe nextstation.PresseithertheSCANortheTYPEarrows againtostopscanning. Toscanpresetstations,pressandholdeitherthe SCANortheTYPEarrowsformorethanfourseconds. PSCNwillappearonthedisplayandyouwillheara doublebeep.Theradiowillgotoapresetstation,play forafewseconds,thengoontothenextpreset station.PresseithertheSCANortheTYPEarrows againtostopscanningpresets. Theradiowillonlyscanstationswithastrongsignal thatareintheselectedband. 3-76

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SettingPresetStationsUpto30stations(sixFM1,sixFM2,andsixAM, sixXM1andsixXM2(ifequipped)),canbeprogramed onthesixnumberedpushbuttons,byperformingthe followingsteps: 1.Turntheradioon. 2.PressBANDtoselectFM1,FM2,AM,orXM1 orXM2. 3.Tuneinthedesiredstation. 4.Pressandholdoneofthesixnumbered pushbuttonsuntilyouhearabeep.Wheneverthat numberedpushbuttonispressed,thestation thatwassetwillreturnforthatpushbutton. 5.Repeatthestepsforeachpushbutton. Tostoreanequalizationsettingtoapresetstation performthefollowing: 1.Tunetothepresetstation. 2.PressandreleasetheAUTOEQbuttontoselect theequalizationsetting. Oncetheequalizationnolongerappearsonthe display,theequalizationwillbesetforthatpreset station.SettingtheTone(Bass/Treble)AUDIO: PushandreleasetheAUDIOknobuntilBASS orTREBappearsonthedisplay.Turntheknobto increaseortodecrease.Thedisplaywillshowthebass ortreblelevel.Ifastationisweakornoisy,decrease thetreble. Toadjustthebassortrebletothemiddleposition,while itisdisplayed,pushandholdtheAUDIOknob.The radiowillproduceonebeepandadjustthedisplaylevel tothemiddleposition. Toadjustalltoneandspeakercontrolstothemiddle position,pushandholdtheAUDIOknobwhennotone orspeakercontrolisdisplayed.ALLCENTEREDwill appearonthedisplay,youwillhearabeep,and thedisplaylevelwillbeadjustedtothemiddleposition. AUTOEQ(AutomaticEqualization): Pressthis buttontoselectcustomizedequalizationsettings designedforcountry/western,jazz,talk,pop,rock,and classical.SelectingCUSTOMorchangingbassor treble,returnstheEQtothemanualbassandtreble settings. TheradiowillsaveseparateAUTOEQsettingsforeach presetandsource. IftheradioisequippedwiththeBoseaudiosystem, theequalizationsettingsareeitherCUSTOMorTALK. 3-77

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AdjustingtheSpeakers(Balance/Fade)AUDIO: Toadjustthebalancebetweentheright andtheleftspeakers,pushandreleasetheAUDIO knobuntilBALappearsonthedisplay.Turntheknobto movethesoundtowardtherightortheleftspeakers. Toadjustthefadebetweenthefrontandtherear speakers,pushandreleasetheAUDIOknobuntilFADE appearsonthedisplay.Turntheknobtomovethe soundtowardthefrontortherearspeakers. Toadjustthebalanceorfadetothemiddleposition, whileitisdisplayed,pushtheAUDIOknob,thenpushit againandholdituntiltheradioproducesonebeep. Thebalanceorfadewillbeadjustedtothemiddle positionandthedisplaywillshowthespeakerbalance. Toadjustalltoneandspeakercontrolstothemiddle position,pushandholdtheAUDIOknobwhennotone orspeakercontrolisdisplayed.ALLCENTEREDwill appearonthedisplay,youwillhearabeep,and thedisplaylevelwillbeadjustedtothemiddleposition.FindingaProgramType(PTY)Station (RDSandXM™)ToselectandndadesiredPTYperformthefollowing: 1.PresstheTYPEbuttontoactivateprogramtype selectmode.TYPEandaPTYwillappearonthe display. 2.TurntheTYPEknoborpressandreleasethe TYPEbuttontoselectaPTY. 3.OncethedesiredPTYisdisplayed,pressand releaseeithertheTYPEortheSEEKarrowsto selectandtotakeyoutothePTY’srststation. 4.TogotoanotherstationwithinthatPTYandthe PTYisdisplayed,presseithertheTYPEorthe SEEKarrowsonce.IfthePTYisnotdisplayed,go backtoStep1. 5.PresseithertheTYPEortheSEEKarrowstoexit programtypeselectmode. Iftheradiocannotndthedesiredprogramtype,NONE willappearonthedisplayandtheradiowillreturnto thelaststationyouwerelisteningto. 3-78

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SCAN: ScanthestationswithinaPTYbyperforming thefollowing: 1.PresstheTYPEbuttontoactivateprogramtype selectmode.TYPEandthelastselectedPTYwill appearonthedisplay. 2.TurntheTYPEknoborpressandreleasethe TYPEbuttontoselectaPTY. 3.OncethedesiredPTYisdisplayed,pressandhold eithertheTYPEortheSCANarrowsfortwo seconds,andtheradiowillbeginscanningthe stationsinthePTY. 4.PresseithertheTYPEortheSCANarrowstostop atastation. BAND(AlternateFrequency): Alternatefrequency allowstheradiotoswitchtoastrongerstationwiththe sameprogramtype.Toturnalternatefrequencyon, pressandholdBANDfortwoseconds.AFONwill appearonthedisplay.Theradiomayswitchtostations withastrongerfrequency. Toturnalternatefrequencyoff,pressandholdBAND againfortwoseconds.AFOFFwillappearonthe display.Theradiowillnotswitchtootherstations. ThisfunctiondoesnotapplyforXM™SatelliteRadio Service.SettingPresetPTYs(RDSOnly)ThesebuttonshavefactoryPTYpresets.Upto12PTYs (sixFM1andsixFM2),canbeprogrammedonthe sixnumberedpushbuttons,byperformingthe followingsteps: 1.PressBANDtoselectFM1orFM2. 2.PresstheTYPEbuttontoactivateprogramtype selectmode.TYPEandthelastselectedPTYwill appearonthedisplay. 3.TurntheTYPEknoborpressandreleasethe TYPEbuttontoselectaPTY. 4.Pressandholdoneofthesixnumbered pushbuttonsuntilyouhearabeep.Wheneverthat numberedpushbuttonispressed,thePTYthat wassetwillreturn. 5.Repeatthestepsforeachpushbutton. 3-79

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RDSMessagesINFO(Information): Ifthecurrentstationhasa message,theinformationsymbolwillappearonthe display.Pressthisbuttontoseethemessage.The messagemaydisplaytheartist,songtitle,callinphone numbers,etc. Iftheentiremessageisnotdisplayed,partsofthe messagewillappeareverythreeseconds.Toscroll throughthemessage,pressandreleasetheINFO button.Anewgroupofwordswillappearonthedisplay aftereverypressofthebutton.Oncethecomplete messagehasbeendisplayed,theinformationsymbol willdisappearfromthedisplayuntilanothernew messageisreceived.Thelastmessagecanbe displayedbypressingtheINFObutton.Youcanview thelastmessageuntilanewmessageisreceived oradifferentstationistunedto.RadioMessagesCALERR(CalibrationError): Theaudiosystemhas beencalibratedforyourvehiclefromthefactory.If CALERRappearsonthedisplay,itmeansthattheradio hasnotbeenconguredproperlyforthevehicleand mustbereturnedtoyourGMdealerforservice. LOCKED: Thismessageisdisplayedwhenthe THEFTLOCKsystemhaslockedup.Takethevehicle toyourGMdealerforservice. Ifanyerroroccursrepeatedly,orifanerrorcannotbe corrected,contactyourGMdealer. 3-80

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XM™RadioMessagesRadioDisplay Message ConditionActionRequired XL(ExplicitLanguage Channels) XLontheradiodisplay, afterthechannelname, indicatescontentwith explicitlanguage. Thesechannels,oranyothers,canbeblockedata customer’srequest,bycalling1-800-852-XMXM(9696). UpdatingUpdatingencryptioncodeTheencryptioncodeinthereceiverisbeingupdated,and noactionisrequired.Thisprocessshouldtakenolonger than30seconds. NoSignalLossofsignalThesystemisfunctioningcorrectly,butthevehicleisina locationthatisblockingtheXM™signal.Whenyoumove intoanopenarea,thesignalshouldreturn. LoadingXMAcquiringchannelaudio (after4seconddelay) Theaudiosystemisacquiringandprocessingaudioand textdata.Noactionisneeded.Thismessageshould disappearshortly. CHOffAirChannelnotinserviceThischannelisnotcurrentlyinservice.Tunetoanother channel. CHUnavailChannelnolonger available Thispreviouslyassignedchannelisnolongerassigned. Tunetoanotherstation.Ifthisstationwasoneofthe presets,chooseanotherstationforthatpresetbutton. NoInfoArtistName/Featurenot available Noartistinformationisavailableatthistimeonthis channel.Thesystemisworkingproperly. NoInfoSong/ProgramTitlenot available Nosongtitleinformationisavailableatthistimeonthis channel.Thesystemisworkingproperly. 3-81

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XM™RadioMessages(cont’d)RadioDisplay Message ConditionActionRequired NoInfoCategoryNamenot available Nocategoryinformationisavailableatthistimeonthis channel.Thesystemisworkingproperly. NoInfoNoText/Informational messageavailable Notextorinformationalmessagesareavailableatthis timeonthischannel.Thesystemisworkingproperly. NotFoundNochannelavailablefor thechosencategory Therearenochannelsavailablefortheselectedcategory. Thesystemisworkingproperly. XMLockedTheftlockactiveTheXM™receiverinthevehiclemayhavepreviously beeninanothervehicle.Forsecuritypurposes,XM™ receiverscannotbeswappedbetweenvehicles.Ifthis messageisreceivedafterhavingyourvehicleserviced, checkwithyourGMdealer. RadioIDRadioIDlabel (channel0) Iftunedtochannel0,thismessagewillalternatewiththe XM™RadioeightdigitradioIDlabel.Thislabelisneeded toactivatetheservice. UnknownRadioIDnotknown (shouldonlybeif hardwarefailure) Ifthismessageisreceivedwhentunedtochannel0,there maybeareceiverfault.ConsultwithyourGMdealer. ChkXMRcvrHardwarefailureIfthismessagedoesnotclearwithinashortperiodoftime, thereceivermayhaveafault.ConsultwithyourGM dealer. 3-82

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PlayingaCDInsertaCDpartwayintotheslot,labelsideup.The playerwillpullitinandtheCDshouldbeginplaying.If youwanttoinsertaCDwiththeignitionoff,rst presstheejectbuttonortheINFOknob. IftheignitionorradioisturnedoffwiththeCDinthe player,itwillstayintheplayer.Whentheignition orradioisturnedon,theCDwillstartplayingwhereit stopped,ifitwasthelastselectedaudiosource. WhenaCDisinserted,theCDsymbolwillappearon thedisplay.Aseachnewtrackstartstoplay,the tracknumberwillappearonthedisplay. TheCDplayercanplaythesmaller3inch(8cm)single CDswithanadapterring.Full-sizeCDsandthe smallerCDsareloadedinthesamemanner. IfplayingaCD-R,thesoundqualitymaybereduced duetoCD-Rquality,themethodofrecording,thequality ofthemusicthathasbeenrecorded,andthewaythe CD-Rhasbeenhandled.Theremaybeanincrease inskipping,difficultyinndingtracks,and/ordifficultyin loadingandejecting.Iftheseproblemsoccur,check thebottomsurfaceoftheCD.IfthesurfaceoftheCDis damaged,suchascracked,broken,orscratched,the CDwillnotplayproperly.IfthesurfaceoftheCD issoiled,see CareofYourCDsandDVDson page3-129 formoreinformation. Ifthereisnoapparentdamage,tryaknowngoodCD. DonotaddanylabeltoaCD,itcouldgetcaughtinthe CDplayer.IfaCDisrecordedonapersonalcomputer andadescriptionlabelisneeded,trylabelingthetopof therecordedCDwithamarkingpeninstead. Notice: IfyouaddanylabeltoaCD,insertmore thanoneCDintotheslotatatime,orattempt toplayscratchedordamagedCDs,youcould damagetheCDplayer.WhenusingtheCDplayer, useonlyCDsingoodconditionwithoutany label,loadoneCDatatime,andkeeptheCDplayer andtheloadingslotfreeofforeignmaterials, liquids,anddebris. Ifanerrorappearsonthedisplay,see“CDMessages” laterinthissection. 1PREV(Previous): Pressthispushbuttontogotothe beginningofthecurrenttrackifmorethaneight secondshaveplayed.TRACKandthetracknumberwill appearonthedisplay.Ifthispushbuttonisheldor pressedmorethanonce,theplayerwillcontinuemoving backwardthroughtheCD. 2NEXT: Pressthispushbuttontogotothenexttrack. TRACKandthetracknumberwillappearonthe display.Ifthispushbuttonisheldorpressedmorethan once,theplayerwillcontinuemovingforwardthrough theCD. 3-83

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3REV(Reverse): Pressandholdthispushbuttonto quicklyreversewithinatrack.Pressandholdthis pushbuttonforlessthantwosecondstoreverseat sixtimesthenormalplayingspeed.Pressandholditfor morethantwosecondstoreverseat17timesthe normalplayingspeed.Releasethispushbuttontoplay thepassage.ETandtheelapsedtimeofthetrack willappearonthedisplay. 4FWD(Forward): Pressandholdthispushbuttonto quicklyadvancewithinatrack.Pressandholdthis pushbuttonforlessthantwosecondstoadvanceat sixtimesthenormalplayingspeed.Pressandholditfor morethantwosecondstoadvanceat17timesthe normalplayingspeed.Releasethispushbuttontoplay thepassage.ETandtheelapsedtimeofthetrack willappearonthedisplay. 6RDM(Random): Pressthispushbuttontohearthe tracksinrandom,ratherthansequential,order.RDMON willappearonthedisplay.RDMTandthetrack numberwillappearonthedisplaywheneachtrack startstoplay.Pressthispushbuttonagaintoturn offrandomplay.RDMOFFwillappearonthedisplay.SEEK¨: Presstheleftarrowtogotothestart ofthecurrentortotheprevioustrack.Pressthe rightarrowtogotothestartofthenexttrack.Ifeither arrowisheldorpressedmorethanonce,theplayerwill continuemovingbackwardorforwardthroughtheCD.SCAN¨: PressandholdeithertheSCANorthe TYPEarrowsformorethantwosecondsuntilSCAN appearsonthedisplayandyouhearabeep.Theradio willgotothenexttrack,playfor10seconds,thengo ontothenexttrack.PresseithertheSCANortheTYPE arrowsagain,tostopscanning. INFO(Information): Pressthisknobtoseehowlong thecurrenttrackhasbeenplaying.ETandtheelapsed timewillappearonthedisplay.Tochangethedefault onthedisplay,trackorelapsedtime,pressthe knobuntilyouseethedisplayyouwant,thenholdthe knobfortwoseconds.Theradiowillproduceone beepandtheselecteddisplaywillnowbethedefault. BAND: Pressthisbuttontolistentotheradiowhen aCDisplaying.TheinactiveCDwillremainsafely insidetheradioforfuturelistening. CDAUX(Auxiliary): PressthisbuttontoplayaCD whenlisteningtotheradio.TheinactiveCDwillremain safelyinsidetheradioforfuturelistening.Z(Eject): PressthisbuttontostopandejectaCD whenitisplayingortoejectaCDwhenitisnotplaying. Ejectmaybeactivatedwitheithertheignitionorradio off.CDsmaybeloadedwiththeradioandignitionoffif thisbuttonispressedrst. 3-84

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CDMessagesIftheCDcomesout,itcouldbeforoneofthefollowing reasons:Itisveryhot.Whenthetemperaturereturnsto normal,theCDshouldplay.Youaredrivingonaveryroughroad.Whenthe roadbecomessmoother,theCDshouldplay.TheCDisdirty,scratched,wet,orupsidedown.Theairisveryhumid.Ifso,waitaboutanhourand tryagain.Theremayhavebeenaproblemwhileburning theCD.ThelabelmaybecaughtintheCDplayer. IftheCDisnotplayingcorrectly,foranyotherreason, tryaknowngoodCD. Ifanyerroroccursrepeatedlyorifanerrorcannotbe corrected,contactyourGMdealer.Iftheradiodisplays anerrormessage,writeitdownandprovideitto yourGMdealerwhenreportingtheproblem.RadiowithCassetteandCDIfyourvehiclehastheBoseaudiosystem,your vehiclewillhavesixBoseampliedspeakers. BaseRadioShown,BoseSimilar 3-85

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RadioDataSystem(RDS)TheaudiosystemhasaRadioDataSystem(RDS). RDSfeaturesareavailableforuseonlyonFMstations thatbroadcastRDSinformation. WithRDS,theradiocandothefollowing:Seektostationsbroadcastingtheselectedtypeof programmingReceiveannouncementsconcerninglocaland nationalemergenciesDisplaymessagesfromradiostations Thissystemreliesuponreceivingspecicinformation fromthesestationsandwillonlyworkwhenthe informationisavailable.Inrarecases,aradiostation maybroadcastincorrectinformationthatwillcause theradiofeaturestoworkimproperly.Ifthishappens, contacttheradiostation. WhiletheradioistunedtoanRDSstation,thestation nameorcallletterswillappearonthedisplayinsteadof thefrequency.RDSstationsmayalsoprovidethe timeofday,aprogramtype(PTY)forcurrent programming,andthenameoftheprogrambeing broadcast.XM™SatelliteRadioServiceXM™isasatelliteradioservicethatisbasedinthe 48contiguousUnitedStatesandinCanada(ifavailable). XM™offersover100coast-to-coastchannelsincluding music,news,sports,talk,andchildren’sprogramming. XM™providesdigitalqualityaudioandtextinformation thatincludessongtitleandartistname.Aservicefeeis requiredinordertoreceivetheXM™service.Formore information,contactXM™atwww.xmradio.comorcall 1-800-852-XMXM(9696).PlayingtheRadioPWR(Power): Pressthisknobtoturnthesystemon andoff.oVOLp(Volume): Turnthisknobtoincreaseorto decreasethevolume. INFO(Information): Whentheignitionisoff,pressthis knobtodisplaythetime. ForRDS,presstheINFOknobtochangewhatappears onthedisplaywhileusingRDS.Thedisplayoptions arestationname,RDSstationfrequency,PTY,andthe nameoftheprogram(ifavailable). 3-86

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ForXM™(ifequipped),presstheINFOknobwhilein XM™modetoretrievefourdifferentcategoriesof informationrelatedtothecurrentsongorchannel:Artist, SongTitle,CategoryorPTY,ChannelNumber/Channel Name. Tochangethedefaultonthedisplay,presstheINFO knobuntilyouseethedisplayyouwant,thenhold theknobuntilthedisplayashes.Theselecteddisplay willnowbethedefault. AUTOVOL(AutomaticVolume): Withautomatic volume,theaudiosystemwilladjustautomaticallyto makeupforroadandwindnoiseasyoudriveby increasingthevolumeasvehiclespeedincreases. Setthevolumeatthedesiredlevel.Pressthisbuttonto selectLOW,MEDIUM,orHIGH.AVOLwillappear onthedisplay.Eachhighersettingwillprovidemore volumecompensationatfastervehiclespeeds.Toturn automaticvolumeoff,pressthisbuttonuntilAVOL OFFappearsonthedisplay.FindingaStationBAND: PressthisbuttontoswitchbetweenFM1,FM2, AM,orXM1orXM2(ifequipped).Thedisplaywill showtheselection.oTUNEp: Turnthisknobtoselectradiostations.SEEK¨: PresseithertheSEEKortheTYPE arrowstogotothenextortothepreviousstationand staythere. Theradiowillonlyseekstationswithastrongsignal thatareintheselectedband.SCAN¨: PressandholdeithertheSCANorthe TYPEarrowsfortwosecondsuntilSCANappears onthedisplayandyouhearabeep.Theradiowillgoto astation,playforafewseconds,thengoontothe nextstation.PresseithertheSCANortheTYPEarrows againtostopscanning. Toscanpresetstations,pressandholdeitherthe SCANortheTYPEarrowsformorethanfourseconds. PSCNwillappearonthedisplayandyouwillheara doublebeep.Theradiowillgotoapresetstation,play forafewseconds,thengoontothenextpreset station.PresseithertheSCANortheTYPEarrows againtostopscanningpresets. Theradiowillonlyscanstationswithastrongsignal thatareintheselectedband. 3-87

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SettingPresetStationsUpto30stations(sixFM1,sixFM2,andsixAM, sixXM1andsixXM2(ifequipped)),canbeprogramed onthesixnumberedpushbuttons,byperformingthe followingsteps: 1.Turntheradioon. 2.PressBANDtoselectFM1,FM2,AM,orXM1 orXM2. 3.Tuneinthedesiredstation. 4.Pressandholdoneofthesixnumbered pushbuttonsuntilyouhearabeep.Wheneverthat numberedpushbuttonispressed,thestation thatwassetwillreturnforthatpushbutton. 5.Repeatthestepsforeachpushbutton. Tostoreanequalizationsettingtoapresetstation performthefollowing: 1.Tunetothepresetstation. 2.PressandreleasetheAUTOEQbuttontoselect theequalizationsetting. Oncetheequalizationnolongerappearsonthe display,theequalizationwillbesetforthatpreset station.SettingtheTone(Bass/Treble)AUDIO: PushandreleasetheAUDIOknobuntilBASS orTREBappearsonthedisplay.Turntheknobto increaseortodecrease.Thedisplaywillshowthebass ortreblelevel.Ifastationisweakornoisy,decrease thetreble. Toadjustthebassortrebletothemiddlepositionwhile itisdisplayed,pushandholdtheAUDIOknob.The radiowillproduceonebeepandadjustthedisplaylevel tothemiddleposition. Toadjustalltoneandspeakercontrolstothemiddle position,pushandholdtheAUDIOknobwhennotone orspeakercontrolisdisplayed.ALLCENTEREDwill appearonthedisplay,youwillhearabeep,and thedisplaylevelwillbeadjustedtothemiddleposition. AUTOEQ(AutomaticEqualization): Pressthis buttontoselectcustomizedequalizationsettings designedforcountry/western,jazz,talk,pop,rock,and classical.SelectingCUSTOMorchangingbassor treble,returnstheEQtothemanualbassandtreble settings. TheradiowillsaveseparateAUTOEQsettingsforeach presetandsource. IftheradioisequippedwiththeBoseaudiosystem, theequalizationsettingsareeitherCUSTOMorTALK. 3-88

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AdjustingtheSpeakers(Balance/Fade)AUDIO: Toadjustthebalancebetweentheright andtheleftspeakers,pushandreleasetheAUDIO knobuntilBALappearsonthedisplay.Turntheknobto movethesoundtowardtherightortheleftspeakers. Toadjustthefadebetweenthefrontandtherear speakers,pushandreleasetheAUDIOknobuntilFADE appearsonthedisplay.Turntheknobtomovethe soundtowardthefrontortherearspeakers. Toadjustthebalanceorfadetothemiddleposition whileitisdisplayed,pushtheAUDIOknob,thenpushit againandholdituntiltheradioproducesonebeep. Thebalanceorfadewillbeadjustedtothemiddle position. Toadjustalltoneandspeakercontrolstothemiddle position,pushandholdtheAUDIOknobwhennotone orspeakercontrolisdisplayed.ALLCENTEREDwill appearonthedisplay,youwillhearabeep,and thedisplaylevelwillbeadjustedtothemiddleposition.FindingaProgramType(PTY)Station (RDSandXM™)ToselectandndadesiredPTYperformthefollowing: 1.PresstheTYPEbuttontoactivateprogramtype selectmode.TYPEandaPTYwillappearonthe display. 2.TurntheTYPEknoborpressandreleasethe TYPEbuttontoselectaPTY. 3.OncethedesiredPTYisdisplayed,pressand releaseeithertheTYPEortheSEEKarrowsto selectandtotakeyoutothePTY’srststation. 4.TogotoanotherstationwithinthatPTY,pressthe TYPEbuttonthen,presseithertheTYPEorthe SEEKarrowsonce. 5.PresseithertheTYPEortheSEEKarrowstwiceto exitprogramtypeselectmode. Iftheradiocannotndthedesiredprogramtype,NONE willappearonthedisplayandtheradiowillreturnto thelaststationyouwerelisteningto. 3-89

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SCAN: ScanthestationswithinaPTYbyperforming thefollowing: 1.PresstheTYPEbuttontoactivateprogramtype selectmode.TYPEandthelastselectedPTYwill appearonthedisplay. 2.TurntheTYPEknoborpressandreleasethe TYPEbuttontoselectaPTY. 3.OncethedesiredPTYisdisplayed,pressand holdeithertheTYPEortheSCANarrowsfor twoseconds,andtheradiowillbeginscanning thestationsinthePTY. 4.PresseithertheTYPEortheSCANarrowstostop atastation. BAND(AlternateFrequency): Alternatefrequency allowstheradiotoswitchtoastrongerstationwiththe sameprogramtype.Toturnalternatefrequencyon, pressandholdBANDfortwoseconds.AFONwill appearonthedisplay.Theradiomayswitchtostations withastrongerfrequency. Toturnalternatefrequencyoff,pressandholdBAND againfortwoseconds.AFOFFwillappearonthe display.Theradiowillnotswitchtootherstations. ThisfunctiondoesnotapplyforXM™SatelliteRadio Service.SettingPresetPTYs(RDSOnly)ThesebuttonshavefactoryPTYpresets.Upto12PTYs (sixFM1andsixFM2),canbeprogrammedonthe sixnumberedpushbuttons,byperformingthe followingsteps: 1.PressBANDtoselectFM1orFM2. 2.PresstheTYPEbuttontoactivateprogramtype selectmode.TYPEandthelastselectedPTYwill appearonthedisplay. 3.TurntheTYPEknoborpressandreleasethe TYPEbuttontoselectaPTY. 4.Pressandholdoneofthesixnumbered pushbuttonsuntilyouhearabeep.Wheneverthat numberedpushbuttonispressed,whileinPTY selectmode,thePTYthatwassetwillreturn. 5.Repeatthestepsforeachpushbutton. 3-90

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RDSMessagesINFO(Information): Ifthecurrentstationhasa message,theinformationsymbolwillappearonthe display.Pressthisbuttontoseethemessage.The messagemaydisplaytheartist,songtitle,callinphone numbers,etc. Iftheentiremessageisnotdisplayed,partsofthe messagewillappeareverythreeseconds.Toscroll throughthemessage,pressandreleasetheINFO button.Anewgroupofwordswillappearonthedisplay aftereverypressofthebutton.Oncethecomplete messagehasbeendisplayed,theinformationsymbol willdisappearfromthedisplayuntilanothernew messageisreceived.Thelastmessagecanbe displayedbypressingtheINFObutton.Youcanview thelastmessageuntilanewmessageisreceived oradifferentstationistunedto.RadioMessagesCALERR(CalibrationError): Theaudiosystemhas beencalibratedforyourvehiclefromthefactory.If CALERRappearsonthedisplay,itmeansthattheradio hasnotbeenconguredproperlyforthevehicleand mustbereturnedtoyourGMdealerforservice. LOCKED: Thismessageisdisplayedwhenthe THEFTLOCKsystemhaslockedup.Takethevehicle toyourGMdealerforservice. Ifanyerroroccursrepeatedly,orifanerrorcannotbe corrected,contactyourGMdealer. 3-91

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XM™RadioMessagesRadioDisplay Message ConditionActionRequired XL(ExplicitLanguage Channels) XLontheradiodisplay, afterthechannelname, indicatescontentwith explicitlanguage. Thesechannels,oranyothers,canbeblockedata customer’srequest,bycalling1-800-852-XMXM(9696). UpdatingUpdatingencryptioncodeTheencryptioncodeinthereceiverisbeingupdated,and noactionisrequired.Thisprocessshouldtakenolonger than30seconds. NoSignalLossofsignalThesystemisfunctioningcorrectly,butthevehicleisina locationthatisblockingtheXM™signal.Whenyoumove intoanopenarea,thesignalshouldreturn. LoadingXMAcquiringchannelaudio (after4seconddelay) Theaudiosystemisacquiringandprocessingaudioand textdata.Noactionisneeded.Thismessageshould disappearshortly. CHOffAirChannelnotinserviceThischannelisnotcurrentlyinservice.Tunetoanother channel. CHUnavailChannelnolonger available Thispreviouslyassignedchannelisnolongerassigned. Tunetoanotherstation.Ifthisstationwasoneofthe presets,chooseanotherstationforthatpresetbutton. NoInfoArtistName/Featurenot available Noartistinformationisavailableatthistimeonthis channel.Thesystemisworkingproperly. NoInfoSong/ProgramTitlenot available Nosongtitleinformationisavailableatthistimeonthis channel.Thesystemisworkingproperly. 3-92

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XM™RadioMessages(cont’d)RadioDisplay Message ConditionActionRequired NoInfoCategoryNamenot available Nocategoryinformationisavailableatthistimeonthis channel.Thesystemisworkingproperly. NoInfoNoText/Informational messageavailable Notextorinformationalmessagesareavailableatthis timeonthischannel.Thesystemisworkingproperly. NotFoundNochannelavailablefor thechosencategory Therearenochannelsavailablefortheselectedcategory. Thesystemisworkingproperly. XMLockedTheftlockactiveTheXM™receiverinthevehiclemayhavepreviously beeninanothervehicle.Forsecuritypurposes,XM™ receiverscannotbeswappedbetweenvehicles.Ifthis messageisreceivedafterhavingyourvehicleserviced, checkwithyourGMdealer. RadioIDRadioIDlabel(channel0)Iftunedtochannel0,thismessagewillalternatewiththe XM™RadioeightdigitradioIDlabel.Thislabelisneeded toactivatetheservice. UnknownRadioIDnotknown (shouldonlybeif hardwarefailure) Ifthismessageisreceivedwhentunedtochannel0,there maybeareceiverfault.ConsultwithyourGMdealer. ChkXMRcvrHardwarefailureIfthismessagedoesnotclearwithinashortperiodoftime, thereceivermayhaveafault.ConsultwithyourGM dealer. 3-93

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PlayingaCassetteTapeThetapeplayerisbuilttoworkbestwithtapesthatare upto30to45minuteslongoneachside.Tapes longerthanthataresothintheymaynotworkwellin thisplayer.Thelongersidewiththetapevisibleshould facetotheright.Ifyouhearnothingorhearagarbled sound,thetapemaynotbeinsquarely.Presstheeject buttontoremovethetapeandstartover. Iftheignitionandradioareoff,thetapecanbeinserted, butwillnotplayuntilignitionandradioareon.Ifthe ignitionisonandtheradioisoff,thetapecanbe insertedandwillbeginplaying. Whilethetapeisplaying,usetheVOL,AUDIO,and SEEKcontrolsjustasyoudofortheradio.Thecassette tapesymbolwillappearonthedisplayandanarrow showingwhichsideofthetapeisplaying.Thetape playerwillplaytheothersideofthetapewhenit reachestheend. CassettetapeadapterkitsforportableCDplayerswill workinthecassettetapeplayer.See“CDAdapterKits” laterformoreinformation. Thetapebiasissetautomaticallywhenametalor chrometapeisinserted. Ifanerrorappearsonthedisplay,see“CassetteTape Messages”laterinthissection. 1PREV(Previous): Thetapemusthaveatleast threesecondsofsilencebetweeneachselectionfor previoustowork.Pressthispushbuttontogoto thepreviousselectiononthetapeifthecurrentselection hasbeenplayingforlessthanthreeseconds.If pressedwhenthecurrentselectionhasbeenplaying fromthreeto13seconds,itwillgotothebeginning ofthepreviousselectionorthebeginningofthecurrent selection,dependingonthepositiononthetape.If pressedwhenthecurrentselectionhasbeenplayingfor morethan13seconds,itwillgotothebeginningof thecurrentselection. SEEKandanegativenumberwillappearonthedisplay whilethecassetteplayerisinthepreviousmode. Pressingthispushbuttonmultipletimeswillincreasethe numberofselectionstobesearchedback,upto Š 9. 2NEXT: Thetapemusthaveatleastthreesecondsof silencebetweeneachselectionfornexttowork. Pressthispushbuttontogotothenextselectiononthe tape.Pressingthispushbuttonmultipletimes,innext mode,willincreasethenumberofselectionstobe searchedforward.SEEKandapositivenumber willappearonthedisplay. 3-94

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3REV(Reverse): Pressthispushbuttontoquickly reversethetape.Theradiowillplaywhilethetape reverses.Pressitagaintoreturntoplayingspeed.The stationfrequencyandREVwillappearonthedisplay. SelectstationsduringreverseoperationbyusingTUNE andSEEK. 4FWD(Forward): Pressthispushbuttontoquickly advancethetape.Theradiowillplaywhilethe tapeadvances.Pressthispushbuttonagaintoreturnto playingspeed.ThestationfrequencyandFWDwill appearonthedisplay.Selectstationsduringforward operationbyusingTUNEandSEEK. 5XSIDE: Pressthispushbuttontoplaytheotherside ofthetape.SEEK¨: Therightarrowisthesameasthe NEXTpushbutton,andtheleftarrowisthesameasthe PREVpushbutton.Ifeitherarrowisheldorpressed morethanonce,theplayerwillcontinuemovingforward orbackwardthroughthetape.SEEKandapositive ornegativenumberwillappearonthedisplay.SCAN¨: PressandholdeithertheSCANorthe TYPEarrowsformorethantwosecondsuntilSCAN appearsonthedisplayandyouhearabeep.Theradio willgotothenextselection,playfor10seconds, thengoontothenextselection.PresseithertheSCAN ortheTYPEarrowsagain,tostopscanning.The tapemusthaveatleastthreesecondsofsilence betweeneachselectionforscantowork. BAND: Pressthisbuttontolistentotheradiowhena cassettetapeorCDisplaying.TheinactivetapeorCD willremainsafelyinsidetheradioforfuturelistening. TAPEDISC: Pressthisbuttontoplayacassettetapeor CDwhenlisteningtotheradio.Theinactivetapeor CDwillremainsafelyinsidetheradioforfuturelistening.Z(Eject): Pressthisbuttontostopandejecta tapewhenitisplayingortoejectatapewhenitisnot playing.Ejectmaybeactivatedwiththeradiooff.CassetteTapeMessagesCHKTAPE(CheckTape): Ifthismessageappearson thedisplay,thetapewillnotplayduetooneofthe followingerrors:Thetapeistightandtheplayercannotturnthe tapehubs.Removethetape.Holdthetapewith theopenenddownandtrytoturntheright hubcounterclockwisewithapencil.Turnthetape overandrepeat.Ifthehubsdonotturneasily, thetapemaybedamagedandshouldnotbeused intheplayer.Tryanewtapetomakesureyour playerisworkingproperly.Thetapeisbroken.Tryanewtape.Thetapeiswrappedaroundthetapehead.Attempt togetthecassetteout.Tryanewtape. 3-95

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CLEAN: Ifthismessageappearsonthedisplay,the cassettetapeplayerneedstobecleaned.Itwillstillplay tapes,butitshouldbecleanedassoonaspossibleto preventdamagetothetapesandplayer.See Care oftheCassetteTapePlayeronpage3-128 Ifthecassettetapeisnotplayingcorrectly,foranyother reason,tryaknowngoodcassette. Ifanyerroroccursrepeatedlyorifanerrorcannotbe corrected,contactyourGMdealer.Iftheradiodisplays anerrormessage,writeitdownandprovideitto yourGMdealerwhenreportingtheproblem.CDAdapterKitsItispossibletouseaportableCDplayerwiththe cassettetapeplayerafteractivatingthebypassfeature onyourtapeplayer. Toactivatethebypassfeature,performthe followingsteps: 1.Turntheignitionon. 2.Turntheradiooff. 3.PressandholdtheTAPEDISCbuttonforve seconds.READYwillappearonthedisplayand thetapesymbolonthedisplaywillash,indicating thefeatureisactive. 4.Inserttheadapterintothecassettetapeslot.Itwill poweruptheradioandbeginplaying. Theoverridefeaturewillremainactiveuntiltheeject buttonispressed.PlayingaCDInsertaCDpartwayintotheslot,labelsideup.The playerwillpullitinandtheCDshouldbeginplaying.If youwanttoinsertaCDwiththeignitionoff,rst presstheejectbuttonortheINFOknob. IftheignitionorradioisturnedoffwiththeCDinthe player,itwillstayintheplayer.Whentheignition orradioisturnedon,theCDwillstartplayingwhereit stopped,ifitwasthelastselectedaudiosource. WhenaCDisinserted,theCDsymbolwillappearon thedisplay.Aseachnewtrackstartstoplay,the tracknumberwillappearonthedisplay. TheCDplayercanplaythesmaller3inch(8cm)single CDswithanadapterring.Full-sizeCDsandthe smallerCDsareloadedinthesamemanner. IfplayingaCD-R,thesoundqualitymaybereduced duetoCD-Rquality,themethodofrecording,thequality ofthemusicthathasbeenrecorded,andthewaythe CD-Rhasbeenhandled.Theremaybeanincrease inskipping,difficultyinndingtracks,and/ordifficultyin loadingandejecting.Iftheseproblemsoccur,check thebottomsurfaceoftheCD.IfthesurfaceoftheCDis damaged,suchascracked,broken,orscratched,the CDwillnotplayproperly.IfthesurfaceoftheCD issoiled,see CareofYourCDsandDVDson page3-129 formoreinformation. Ifthereisnoapparentdamage,tryaknowngoodCD. 3-96

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DonotaddanylabeltoaCD,itcouldgetcaughtinthe CDplayer.IfaCDisrecordedonapersonalcomputer andadescriptionlabelisneeded,trylabelingthetopof therecordedCDwithamarkingpeninstead. Notice: IfyouaddanylabeltoaCD,insertmore thanoneCDintotheslotatatime,orattempt toplayscratchedordamagedCDs,youcould damagetheCDplayer.WhenusingtheCDplayer, useonlyCDsingoodconditionwithoutany label,loadoneCDatatime,andkeeptheCDplayer andtheloadingslotfreeofforeignmaterials, liquids,anddebris. Ifanerrorappearsonthedisplay,see“CDMessages” laterinthissection. 1PREV(Previous): Pressthispushbuttontogotothe beginningofthecurrenttrackifmorethaneight secondshaveplayed.TRACKandthetracknumberwill appearonthedisplay.Ifthispushbuttonisheldor pressedmorethanonce,theplayerwillcontinuemoving backwardthroughtheCD. 2NEXT: Pressthispushbuttontogotothenexttrack. TRACKandthetracknumberwillappearonthe display.Ifthispushbuttonisheldorpressedmorethan once,theplayerwillcontinuemovingforwardthrough theCD. 3REV(Reverse): Pressandholdthispushbuttonto quicklyreversewithinatrack.Pressandholdthis pushbuttonforlessthantwosecondstoreverseat sixtimesthenormalplayingspeed.Pressandholditfor morethantwosecondstoreverseat17timesthe normalplayingspeed.Releasethispushbuttontoplay thepassage.ETandtheelapsedtimeofthetrack willappearonthedisplay. 4FWD(Forward): Pressandholdthispushbuttonto quicklyadvancewithinatrack.Pressandholdthis pushbuttonforlessthantwosecondstoadvanceat sixtimesthenormalplayingspeed.Pressandholditfor morethantwosecondstoadvanceat17timesthe normalplayingspeed.Releasethispushbuttontoplay thepassage.ETandtheelapsedtimeofthetrack willappearonthedisplay. 6RDM(Random): Pressthispushbuttontohearthe tracksinrandom,ratherthansequential,order.RDMON willappearonthedisplay.RDMandthetracknumber willappearonthedisplaywheneachtrackstartstoplay. Pressthispushbuttonagaintoturnoffrandomplay. RDMOFFwillappearonthedisplay.SEEK¨: Presstheleftarrowtogotothestartof thecurrentortotheprevioustrack.Presstheright arrowtogotothestartofthenexttrack.Ifeitherarrow ispressedmorethanonce,theplayerwillcontinue movingbackwardorforwardthroughtheCD. 3-97

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SCAN¨: PressandholdeithertheSCANorthe TYPEarrowsformorethantwosecondsuntilSCAN appearsonthedisplayandyouhearabeep.Theradio willgotothenexttrack,playfor10seconds,thengo ontothenexttrack.PresseithertheSCANortheTYPE arrowsagain,tostopscanning. INFO(Information): Pressthisknobtoseehowlong thecurrenttrackhasbeenplaying.ETandtheelapsed timewillappearonthedisplay.Tochangethedefault onthedisplay,trackorelapsedtime,pressthe knobuntilyouseethedisplayyouwant,thenpressand holdtheknobfortwoseconds.Theradiowillproduce onebeepandtheselecteddisplaywillnowbethe default. BAND: Pressthisbuttontolistentotheradiowhena cassettetapeorCDisplaying.TheinactivetapeorCD willremainsafelyinsidetheradioforfuturelistening. TAPEDISC: Pressthisbuttontoplayacassettetapeor CDwhenlisteningtotheradio.Theinactivetapeor CDwillremainsafelyinsidetheradioforfuturelistening.Z(Eject): PressthisbuttontostopandejectaCD whenitisnotplaying.Ejectmaybeactivatedwitheither theignitionorradiooff.CDsmaybeloadedwiththe radioandignitionoffifthisbuttonispressedrst.CDMessagesIftheCDcomesout,itcouldbeforoneofthefollowing reasons:Itisveryhot.Whenthetemperaturereturnsto normal,theCDshouldplay.Youaredrivingonaveryroughroad.Whenthe roadbecomessmoother,theCDshouldplay.TheCDisdirty,scratched,wet,orupsidedown.Theairisveryhumid.Ifso,waitaboutanhourand tryagain.Theremayhavebeenaproblemwhileburning theCD.ThelabelmaybecaughtintheCDplayer. IftheCDisnotplayingcorrectly,foranyotherreason, tryaknowngoodCD. Ifanyerroroccursrepeatedlyorifanerrorcannotbe corrected,contactyourGMdealer.Iftheradiodisplays anerrormessage,writeitdownandprovideitto yourGMdealerwhenreportingtheproblem. 3-98

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ListeningtoaDVDIfyourvehiclehastheRearSeatEntertainment(RSE) systemandaDVDisplaying,theDVDsymbolwill appearontheradiodisplayindicatingthattheDVDis availableandcanbelistenedtothroughyourvehicle’s speakers.TolistentotheDVD,presstheTAPE DISCbuttonuntilRSEappearsontheradiodisplay. ThecurrentradiosourcewillstopandtheDVDsound willcomethroughthespeakers.Tostoplisteningto theDVD,presstheTAPEDISCbutton,ifacassette tapeoraCDisloaded,orpresstheBANDbutton toselectadifferentsource. WhentheRSEsystemisturnedoff,theDVDsymbol willgooffoftheradiodisplayandRSEOFFwillappear ontheradiodisplay.Theradiowillreturntothelast radiosourcethatyouwerelisteningto. See RearSeatEntertainmentSystemonpage3-114 for moreinformation.RadiowithSix-DiscCDIfyourvehiclehastheBoseaudiosystem,your vehiclewillhavesixBoseampliedspeakers. BaseRadioShown,BoseSimilar 3-99

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RadioDataSystem(RDS)TheaudiosystemhasaRadioDataSystem(RDS). RDSfeaturesareavailableforuseonlyonFMstations thatbroadcastRDSinformation. WithRDS,theradiocandothefollowing:Seektostationsbroadcastingtheselectedtypeof programmingReceiveannouncementsconcerninglocaland nationalemergenciesDisplaymessagesfromradiostations Thissystemreliesuponreceivingspecicinformation fromthesestationsandwillonlyworkwhenthe informationisavailable.Inrarecases,aradiostation maybroadcastincorrectinformationthatwillcause theradiofeaturestoworkimproperly.Ifthishappens, contacttheradiostation. WhiletheradioistunedtoanRDSstation,thestation nameorcallletterswillappearonthedisplayinsteadof thefrequency.RDSstationsmayalsoprovidethe timeofday,aprogramtype(PTY)forcurrent programming,andthenameoftheprogrambeing broadcast.XM™SatelliteRadioServiceXM™isasatelliteradioservicethatisbasedinthe 48contiguousUnitedStatesandinCanada(ifavailable). XM™offersover100coast-to-coastchannelsincluding music,news,sports,talk,andchildren’sprogramming. XM™providesdigitalqualityaudioandtextinformation thatincludessongtitleandartistname.Aservicefeeis requiredinordertoreceivetheXM™service.Formore information,contactXM™atwww.xmradio.comorcall 1-800-852-XMXM(9696).PlayingtheRadioPWR(Power): Pushthisknobtoturnthesystemon andoff.oVOLUMEp: Turnthisknobtoincreaseorto decreasethevolume. INFO(Information): Whentheignitionisoff,pressthis knobtodisplaythetime. ForRDS,presstheINFOknobtochangewhatappears onthedisplaywhileusingRDS.Thedisplayoptions arestationname,RDSstationfrequency,PTY,andthe nameoftheprogram(ifavailable). 3-100

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ForXM™(ifequipped),presstheINFOknobwhilein XM™modetoretrievefourdifferentcategoriesof informationrelatedtothecurrentsongorchannel:Artist, SongTitle,CategoryorPTY,Channel Number/ChannelName. Tochangethedefaultonthedisplay,presstheINFO knobuntilyouseethedisplayyouwant,thenhold theknobuntilyouhearabeep.Theselecteddisplaywill nowbethedefault. AUTOVOL(AutomaticVolume): Withautomatic volume,theaudiosystemwilladjustautomaticallyto makeupforroadandwindnoiseasyoudriveby increasingthevolumeasvehiclespeedincreases. Setthevolumeatthedesiredlevel.Pressthisbuttonto selectMIN,MED,orMAX.AUTOVOLwillappearon thedisplay.Eachhighersettingwillprovidemore volumecompensationatfastervehiclespeeds.Toturn automaticvolumeoff,pressthisbuttonuntilAUTO VOLOFFappearsonthedisplay.FindingaStationBAND: PressthisbuttontoswitchbetweenFM1,FM2, AM,orXM1orXM2(ifequipped).Thedisplaywill showtheselection.oTUNEp: Turnthisknobtoselectradiostations.SEEK¨: PresseithertheSEEKortheTYPE arrowstogotothenextortothepreviousstationand staythere. Theradiowillonlyseekstationswithastrongsignal thatareintheselectedband.SCAN¨: PressandholdeithertheSCANorthe TYPEarrowsfortwosecondsuntilSCNappearson thedisplayandyouhearabeep.Theradiowillgotoa station,playforafewseconds,thengoontothe nextstation.PresseithertheSCANortheTYPEarrows againtostopscanning. Toscanpresetstations,pressandholdeitherthe SCANortheTYPEarrowsformorethanfourseconds. PSCwillappearonthedisplayandyouwillheara doublebeep.Theradiowillgotoapresetstation,play forafewseconds,thengoontothenextpreset station.PresseithertheSCANortheTYPEarrows againtostopscanningpresets. Theradiowillonlyscanstationswithastrongsignal thatareintheselectedband. 3-101

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SettingPresetStationsUpto30stations(sixFM1,sixFM2,andsixAM, sixXM1andsixXM2(ifequipped)),canbeprogramed onthesixnumberedpushbuttons,byperformingthe followingsteps: 1.Turntheradioon. 2.PressBANDtoselectFM1,FM2,AM,orXM1 orXM2. 3.Tuneinthedesiredstation. 4.Pressandholdoneofthesixnumbered pushbuttonsuntilyouhearabeep.Wheneverthat numberedpushbuttonispressed,thestation thatwassetwillreturnforthatpushbutton. 5.Repeatthestepsforeachpushbutton. Tostoreanequalizationsettingtoapresetstation performthefollowing: 1.Tunetothepresetstation. 2.PressandreleasetheAUTOEQbuttontoselect theequalizationsetting. Oncetheequalizationnolongerappearsonthe display,theequalizationwillbesetforthatpreset station.SettingtheTone(Bass/Treble)AUDIO: PushandreleasetheAUDIOknobuntilBASS orTREBappearsonthedisplay.Turntheknobto increaseortodecrease.Thedisplaywillshowthebass ortreblelevel.Ifastationisweakornoisy,decrease thetreble. Toadjustthebassortrebletothemiddlepositionwhile itisdisplayed,pushandholdtheAUDIOknob.The radiowillproduceonebeepandadjustthedisplaylevel tothemiddleposition. Toadjustalltoneandspeakercontrolstothemiddle position,pushandholdtheAUDIOknobwhennotone orspeakercontrolsaredisplayed.ALLCENTERED willappearonthedisplayandyouwillhearabeep. AUTOEQ(AutomaticEqualization): Pressthisbutton toselectcustomizedequalizationsettingsdesigned forcountry/western,jazz,talk,pop,rock,andclassical. TheradiowillsaveseparateAUTOEQsettingsfor eachpresetandsource. IftheradioisequippedwiththeBoseaudiosystem, theequalizationsettingsareeitherCUSTOMorTALK. 3-102

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AdjustingtheSpeakers(Balance/Fade)AUDIO: Toadjustthebalancebetweentheright andtheleftspeakers,pushandreleasetheAUDIO knobuntilBALappearsonthedisplay.Turntheknobto movethesoundtowardtherightortheleftspeakers. Toadjustthefadebetweenthefrontandrearspeakers, pushandreleasetheAUDIOknobuntilFADappears onthedisplay.Turntheknobtomovethesoundtoward thefrontortherearspeakers. Toadjustthebalanceorfadetothemiddleposition whileitisdisplayed,pushandholdtheAUDIOknob. Theradiowillproduceonebeepandadjustthedisplay leveltothemiddleposition. Toadjustalltoneandspeakercontrolstothemiddle position,pushandholdtheAUDIOknobwhennotone orspeakercontrolsaredisplayed.ALLCENTERED willappearonthedisplayandyouwillhearabeep.FindingaProgramType(PTY)Station (RDSandXM™)ToselectandndadesiredPTYperformthefollowing: 1.PresstheTYPEbuttontoactivateprogramtype selectmode.P-TYPEandthelastselectedPTY willappearonthedisplay. 2.TurntheTYPEknoborpressandreleasethe TYPEbuttontoselectaPTY. 3.OncethedesiredPTYisdisplayed,presseitherthe TYPEortheSEEKarrowstoselectandtotakeyou tothePTY’srststation. 4.TogotoanotherstationwithinthatPTY,pressthe TYPEbuttonthen,presseithertheTYPEorthe SEEKarrowsonce.IfthePTYisnotdisplayed,go backtoStep1. 5.PresseithertheTYPEortheSEEKarrowstwiceto exitprogramtypeselectmode. 3-103

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SCAN: ScanthestationswithinaPTYbyperforming thefollowing: 1.PresstheTYPEbuttontoactivateprogramtype selectmode.P-TYPEandthelastselectedPTY willappearonthedisplay. 2.TurntheTYPEknoborpressandreleasethe TYPEbuttontoselectaPTY. 3.OncethedesiredPTYisdisplayed,pressand holdeithertheTYPEortheSCANarrowsfor twoseconds,andtheradiowillbeginscanning thestationsinthePTY. 4.PresseithertheTYPEortheSCANarrowstostop scanning. BAND(AlternateFrequency): Alternatefrequency allowstheradiotoswitchtoastrongerstationwiththe sameprogramtype.Toturnalternatefrequencyon, pressandholdBANDfortwoseconds.AFONwill appearonthedisplay.Theradiomayswitchtostations withastrongerfrequency. Toturnalternatefrequencyoff,pressandholdBAND againfortwoseconds.AFOFFwillappearonthe display.Theradiowillnotswitchtootherstations. ThisfunctiondoesnotapplyforXM™SatelliteRadio Service.SettingPresetPTYs(RDSOnly)ThesepushbuttonshavefactoryPTYpresets.Upto 12PTYs(sixFM1andsixFM2),canbeprogrammedon thesixnumberedpushbuttons,byperformingthe followingsteps: 1.PressBANDtoselectFM1orFM2. 2.PresstheTYPEbuttontoactivateprogramtype selectmode.P-TYPEandthelastselectedPTY willappearonthedisplay. 3.TurntheTYPEknoborpressandreleasethe TYPEbuttontoselectaPTY. 4.Pressandholdoneofthesixnumbered pushbuttonsuntilyouhearabeep.Wheneverthat numberedpushbuttonispressed,whileinPTY mode,thePTYthatwassetwillreturn. 5.Repeatthestepsforeachpushbutton. 3-104

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RDSMessagesINFO(Information): Ifthecurrentstationhasa message,INFOwillappearonthedisplay.Pressthis buttontoseethemessage.Themessagemaydisplay theartist,songtitle,callinphonenumbers,etc. Iftheentiremessageisnotdisplayed,partsofthe messagewillappeareverythreeseconds.Toscroll throughthemessage,pressandreleasetheINFO button.Anewgroupofwordswillappearonthedisplay aftereverypressofthisbutton.Oncethecomplete messagehasbeendisplayed,INFOwilldisappearfrom thedisplayuntilanothernewmessageisreceived. Thelastmessagecanbedisplayedbypressing theINFObutton.Youcanviewthelastmessageuntila newmessageisreceivedoradifferentstationis tunedto.RadioMessagesCALERR(CalibrationError): Theaudiosystemhas beencalibratedforyourvehiclefromthefactory.If CALERRappearsonthedisplay,itmeansthattheradio hasnotbeenconguredproperlyforthevehicleand mustbereturnedtoyourGMdealerforservice. LOCKED: Thismessageisdisplayedwhenthe THEFTLOCKsystemhaslockedup.Takethevehicle toyourGMdealerforservice. Ifanyerroroccursrepeatedly,orifanerrorcannotbe corrected,contactyourGMdealer. 3-105

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XM™RadioMessagesRadioDisplay Message ConditionActionRequired XL(ExplicitLanguage Channels) XLontheradiodisplay, afterthechannelname, indicatescontentwith explicitlanguage. Thesechannels,oranyothers,canbeblockedata customer’srequest,bycalling1-800-852-XMXM(9696). UpdatingUpdatingencryptioncodeTheencryptioncodeinthereceiverisbeingupdated,and noactionisrequired.Thisprocessshouldtakenolonger than30seconds. NoSignalLossofsignalThesystemisfunctioningcorrectly,butthevehicleisina locationthatisblockingtheXM™signal.Whenyoumove intoanopenarea,thesignalshouldreturn. LoadingXMAcquiringchannelaudio (after4seconddelay) Theaudiosystemisacquiringandprocessingaudioand textdata.Noactionisneeded.Thismessageshould disappearshortly. CHOffAirChannelnotinserviceThischannelisnotcurrentlyinservice.Tunetoanother channel. CHUnavailChannelnolonger available Thispreviouslyassignedchannelisnolongerassigned. Tunetoanotherstation.Ifthisstationwasoneofthe presets,chooseanotherstationforthatpresetbutton. NoInfoArtistName/Featurenot available Noartistinformationisavailableatthistimeonthis channel.Thesystemisworkingproperly. NoInfoSong/ProgramTitlenot available Nosongtitleinformationisavailableatthistimeonthis channel.Thesystemisworkingproperly. 3-106

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XM™RadioMessages(cont’d)RadioDisplay Message ConditionActionRequired NoInfoCategoryNamenot available Nocategoryinformationisavailableatthistimeonthis channel.Thesystemisworkingproperly. NoInfoNoText/Informational messageavailable Notextorinformationalmessagesareavailableatthis timeonthischannel.Thesystemisworkingproperly. NotFoundNochannelavailablefor thechosencategory Therearenochannelsavailablefortheselectedcategory. Thesystemisworkingproperly. XMLockedTheftlockactiveTheXM™receiverinthevehiclemayhavepreviously beeninanothervehicle.Forsecuritypurposes,XM™ receiverscannotbeswappedbetweenvehicles.Ifthis messageisreceivedafterhavingyourvehicleserviced, checkwithyourGMdealer. RadioIDRadioIDlabel(channel0)Iftunedtochannel0,thismessagewillalternatewiththe XM™RadioeightdigitradioIDlabel.Thislabelisneeded toactivatetheservice. UnknownRadioIDnotknown (shouldonlybeif hardwarefailure) Ifthismessageisreceivedwhentunedtochannel0,there maybeareceiverfault.ConsultwithyourGMdealer. ChkXMRcvrHardwarefailureIfthismessagedoesnotclearwithinashortperiodoftime, yourreceivermayhaveafault.ConsultwithyourGM dealer. 3-107

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PlayingaCDIftheignitionorradioisturnedoff,withaCDinthe player,itwillstayintheplayer.Whentheignition orradioisturnedon,theCDwillstartplayingwhereit stopped,ifitwasthelastselectedaudiosource. WhenaCDisinserted,theCDsymbolwillappearon thedisplay.Aseachnewtrackstartstoplay,the tracknumberwillappearonthedisplay. TheCDplayercanplaythesmaller3inch(8cm)single CDswithanadapterring.Full-sizeCDsandthe smallerCDsareloadedinthesamemanner. IfplayingaCD-R,thesoundqualitymaybereduced duetoCD-Rquality,themethodofrecording,thequality ofthemusicthathasbeenrecorded,andthewaythe CD-Rhasbeenhandled.Theremaybeanincrease inskipping,difficultyinndingtracks,and/ordifficultyin loadingandejecting.Iftheseproblemsoccur,check thebottomsurfaceoftheCD.IfthesurfaceoftheCDis damaged,suchascracked,broken,orscratched,the CDwillnotplayproperly.IfthesurfaceoftheCD issoiled,see CareofYourCDsandDVDson page3-129 formoreinformation. Ifthereisnoapparentdamage,tryaknowngoodCD. DonotaddanylabeltoaCD,itcouldgetcaughtinthe CDplayer.IfaCDisrecordedonapersonalcomputer andadescriptionlabelisneeded,trylabelingthetopof therecordedCDwithamarkingpeninstead. Notice: IfyouaddanylabeltoaCD,insertmore thanoneCDintotheslotatatime,orattempt toplayscratchedordamagedCDs,youcould damagetheCDplayer.WhenusingtheCDplayer, useonlyCDsingoodconditionwithoutany label,loadoneCDatatime,andkeeptheCDplayer andtheloadingslotfreeofforeignmaterials, liquids,anddebris. Ifanerrorappearsonthedisplay,see“CDMessages” laterinthissection. LOAD: PressthisbuttontoloadCDsintotheCD player.ThisCDplayerwillholduptosixCDs. ToinsertoneCD,dothefollowing: 1.Turntheignitionon. 2.PressandreleasetheLOADbutton. 3.Waitfortheindicatorlight,locatedtotherightofthe slot,toturngreen. 4.LoadaCD.InserttheCDpartwayintotheslot, labelsideup.TheplayerwillpulltheCDin. 3-108

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ToinsertmultipleCDs,dothefollowing: 1.Turntheignitionon. 2.PressandholdtheLOADbuttonfortwoseconds. Youwillhearabeepandtheindicatorlight,located totherightoftheslot,willbegintoashand MULTILOAD#willappearonthedisplay. 3.Oncethelightstopsashingandturnsgreen, INSERTCD#willappearonthedisplay,load aCD.InserttheCDpartwayintotheslot,labelside up.TheplayerwillpulltheCDin. OncetheCDisloaded,theindicatorlightwillbegin ashingagain.Oncethelightstopsashingand turnsgreen,youcanloadanotherCD.The CDplayertakesuptosixCDs.Donottrytoload morethansix. ToloadmorethanoneCDbutlessthansix,complete Steps1through3.WhennishedloadingCDs, presstheLOADbuttontocanceltheloadingfunction. TheradiowillbegintoplaythelastCDloaded. IfmorethanoneCDhasbeenloaded,anumberfor eachCDwillappearonthedisplay.PlayingaSpecicLoadedCDForeveryCDloaded,anumberwillappearonthe display.ToplayaspecicCD,rstpresstheCDAUX button,thenpressthenumberedpushbuttonthat correspondstotheCD.Asmallbarwillappearunder theCDnumberthatisplayingandthetracknumberwill appearonthedisplay. Ifanerrorappearsonthedisplay,see“CDMessages” laterinthissection. CDZ(Eject): PressthisbuttontoejectCD(s). ToejecttheCDthatiscurrentlyplaying,pressand releasethisbutton. ToejectmultipleCDs,dothefollowing: 1.PressandholdtheCDejectbuttonfortwoseconds. Youwillhearabeepandtheindicatorlight,located totherightoftheslot,willbegintoashand EJECTALLwillappearonthedisplay. 2.Oncethelightstopsashing,REMOVECD#will appearonthedisplay.TheCDwillejectandcan beremoved. OncetheCDisremoved,theindicatorlightwill beginashingagainandanotherCDwilleject. TostopejectingtheCDs,presstheLOADorthe ejectbutton. 3-109

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IftheCDisnotremoved,after25seconds,theCDwill beautomaticallypulledbackintotheplayer.IfCDis pushedbackintotheplayer,beforethe25-secondtime periodiscomplete,theplayerwillsenseanerror andwilltrytoejecttheCDseveraltimesbefore stopping. DonotrepeatedlypresstheCDejectbuttontoejecta CDafteryouhavetriedtopushitinmanually.The player’s25-secondejecttimerwillresetateachpressof eject,causingtheplayertonotejecttheCDuntilthe 25-secondtimeperiodhaselapsed.{REV(Reverse): Pressandholdthisbuttonto reversequicklywithinatrack.Youwillhearsoundata reducedvolume.Releasethebuttontoplaythe passage.Theelapsedtimeofthetrackwillappearon thedisplay. FWD|(Forward): Pressandholdthisbuttonto advancequicklywithinatrack.Youwillhearsoundata reducedvolume.Releasethebuttontoplaythe passage.Theelapsedtimeofthetrackwillappearon thedisplay. RPT(Repeat): Withrepeat,onetrackoranentireCD canberepeated. Touserepeat,dothefollowing:Torepeatthetrackyouarelisteningto,pressand releasetheRPTbutton.RPTwillappearonthe display.PressRPTagaintoturnoffrepeatplay.TorepeattheCDyouarelisteningto,pressand holdtheRPTbuttonfortwoseconds.RPTwill appearonthedisplay.PressRPTagaintoturnoff repeatplay. RDM(Random): Withrandom,youcanlistentothe tracksinrandom,ratherthansequential,order,onone CDoronalloftheCDs.Touserandom,dooneof thefollowing:ToplaythetracksontheCDyouarelisteningtoin randomorder,pressandreleasetheRDMbutton. RANDOMONEwillappearonthedisplay.Press RDMagaintoturnoffrandomplay.ToplaythetracksonalloftheCDsthatareloaded inrandomorder,pressandholdRDMformore thantwoseconds.Youwillhearabeepand RANDOMALLwillappearonthedisplay.Press RDMagaintoturnoffrandomplay. AUTOEQ(AutomaticEqualization): PressAUTOEQ toselecttheequalizationsettingwhileplayingaCD. TheequalizationwillbestoredwheneveraCDisplayed. FormoreinformationonAUTOEQ,see“AUTOEQ” listedpreviouslyinthissection. 3-110

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SEEK¨: Presstheleftarrowtogotothestartof thecurrenttrack,ifmorethantensecondshaveplayed. Presstherightarrowtogotothenexttrack.Ifeither arrowispressedmorethanonce,theplayerwill continuemovingbackwardorforwardthroughtheCD.SCAN¨: ToscanoneCD,pressandhold eitherSCANarrowformorethantwosecondsuntil TRACKSCANappearsonthedisplayandyouheara beep.Theradiowillgotothenexttrack,playfor 10seconds,thengoontothenexttrack.Presseither SCANarrowagain,tostopscanning. ToscanallloadedCDs,pressandholdeitherSCAN arrowformorethanfoursecondsuntilALLCD SCANappearsonthedisplayandyouhearabeep. Usethisfeaturetolistento10secondsofthersttrack ofeachloadedCD.PresseitherSCANarrowagain, tostopscanning. INFO(Information): Pressthisknobtoseehowlong thecurrenttrackhasbeenplaying.Tochangethe defaultonthedisplay,trackorelapsedtime,pressthe knobuntilyouseethedisplayyouwant,thenpress andholdtheknobuntilyouhearabeep.Theselected displaywillnowbethedefault. BAND: Pressthisbuttontolistentotheradiowhena CDisplaying.TheinactiveCD(s)willremainsafely insidetheradioforfuturelistening. CDAUX(Auxiliary): PressthisbuttontoplayaCD whenlisteningtotheradio.InactiveCD(s)willremain safelyinsidetheradioforfuturelistening.UsingSongListModeThesix-discCDchangerhasafeaturecalledsonglist. Thisfeatureiscapableofsaving20trackselections. Tosavetracksintothesonglistfeature,perform thefollowingsteps: 1.TurntheCDplayeronandloaditwithatleastone CD.See“LOADCD”listedpreviouslyinthissection formoreinformation. 2.ChecktoseethattheCDchangerisnotinsonglist mode.S-LISTshouldnotappearonthedisplay.If S-LISTispresent,presstheSONGLISTbutton toturnitoff. 3.SelectthedesiredCDbypressingthenumbered pushbuttonandthenusetheSEEKorTYPEright arrowtolocatethetracktobesaved.Thetrackwill begintoplay. 4.PressandholdtheSONGLISTbuttontosavethe trackintomemory.WhenSONGLISTispressed, onebeepwillbeheardimmediately.Aftertwo secondsofcontinuouslypressingtheSONGLIST button,twobeepswillsoundtoconrmthe trackhasbeensaved. 5.RepeatSteps3and4forsavingotherselections. 3-111

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S-LISTFULLwillappearonthedisplayifyoutryto savemorethan20selections. Toplaythesonglist,presstheSONGLISTbutton. OnebeepwillbeheardandS-LISTwillappearonthe display.Therecordedtrackswillbegintoplayin theordertheyweresaved. SeekthroughthesonglistbyusingtheSEEKorTYPE arrows.Seekingpastthelastsavedtrackwillreturn totherstsavedtrack. Todeletetracksfromthesonglist,performthe followingsteps: 1.TurntheCDplayeron. 2.PresstheSONGLISTbuttontoturnsongliston. S-LISTwillappearonthedisplay. 3.PresseitherSEEKorTYPEarrowtoselectthe desiredtracktobedeleted. 4.PressandholdtheSONGLISTbuttonfor twoseconds.WhenSONGLISTispressed, onebeepwillbeheardimmediately.After twosecondsofcontinuouslypressingtheSONG LISTbutton,twobeepswillbeheardtoconrmthat thetrackhasbeendeleted. Afteratrackhasbeendeleted,theremainingtracksare movedupthelist.Whenanothertrackisaddedtothe songlist,thetrackwillbeaddedtotheendofthelist. Todeletetheentiresonglist,performthefollowingsteps: 1.TurntheCDplayeron. 2.PresstheSONGLISTbuttontoturnsongliston. S-LISTwillappearonthedisplay. 3.PressandholdtheSONGLISTbuttonformore thanfourseconds.Onebeepwillbeheard, followedbytwobeepsaftertwoseconds,anda nalbeepwillbeheardafterfourseconds.S-LIST EMPTYwillappearonthedisplayindicatingthe songlisthasbeendeleted. IfaCDisejected,andthesonglistcontainssaved tracksfromthatCD,thosetracksareautomatically deletedfromthesonglist.Anytrackssavedtothesong listagainareaddedtothebottomofthelist. Toendsonglistmode,presstheSONGLISTbutton. OnebeepwillbeheardandS-LISTwillberemovedfrom thedisplay. 3-112

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CDMessagesCHECKCD: Ifthismessageappearsonthedisplay and/ortheCDcomesout,itcouldbeforoneofthe followingreasons:Itisveryhot.Whenthetemperaturereturnsto normal,theCDshouldplay.Youaredrivingonaveryroughroad.Whenthe roadbecomessmoother,theCDshouldplay.TheCDisdirty,scratched,wet,orupsidedown.Theairisveryhumid.Ifso,waitaboutanhourand tryagain.Theremayhavebeenaproblemwhileburning theCD.ThelabelmaybecaughtintheCDplayer. IftheCDisnotplayingcorrectly,foranyotherreason, tryaknowngoodCD. Ifanyerroroccursrepeatedlyorifanerrorcannotbe corrected,contactyourGMdealer.Iftheradiodisplays anerrormessage,writeitdownandprovideitto yourGMdealerwhenreportingtheproblem.ListeningtoaDVDIfyourvehiclehastheRearSeatEntertainment(RSE) systemandaDVDisplaying,theDVDsymbolwill appearontheradiodisplayindicatingthattheDVDis availableandcanbelistenedtothroughyourvehicle’s speakers. TolistentotheDVD,presstheCDAUXbuttonuntil RSEappearsontheradiodisplay.Thecurrent radiosourcewillstopandtheDVDsoundwillcome throughthespeakers. TostoplisteningtotheDVD,presstheCDAUXbutton, ifaCDisloaded,orpresstheBANDbuttontoselect adifferentsource. WhentheRSEsystemisturnedoff,theDVDsymbol willgooffoftheradiodisplayandRSEOFFwillappear ontheradiodisplay.Theradiowillreturntothelast radiosourcethatyouwerelisteningto. See RearSeatEntertainmentSystemonpage3-114 for moreinformation. 3-113

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RearSeatEntertainmentSystemYourvehiclemayhaveaDVDRearSeatEntertainment (RSE)system.TheRSEsystemincludesaDVD player,avideodisplayscreen,twosetsofwireless headphones,andaremotecontrol.ParentalControlThisbuttonislocatedbehindthevideoscreen.Press thisbuttonwhileaDVDorCDisplayingtofreeze thevideoandmutetheaudio.Thevideoscreenwill displayParentalControlONandthepowerindicator lightontheDVDplayerwillash.Itwillalsodisableall otherbuttonoperationsfromtheremotecontroland theDVDplayer,withtheexceptionoftheejectbutton. Pressthisbuttonagaintorestoreoperationofthe DVDplayer. ThisbuttonmayalsobeusedtoturntheDVDplayer poweronandautomaticallyresumeplayiftheignitionis inRUN,ACCESSORY,orifRAPisactive.BeforeYouDriveTheRSEsystemisforrearseatpassengersonly.The drivercannotsafelyviewthevideoscreenwhile drivingandshouldnottrytodoso.HeadphonesTheRSEsystemincludestwosetsofwireless headphones. EachsetofheadphoneshasanON/OFFcontrol.An indicatorlightwillilluminateontheheadphones whentheyareon.Ifthelightdoesnotilluminate,the batteriesmayneedtobereplaced.See“Battery Replacement”followingformoreinformation. Eachsetofheadphoneshasavolumeknob.Toadjust thevolume,adjustthisknob. Thetransmittersarelocatedbelowthevideodisplay screen.Theheadphoneswillshutoffautomatically iftheylosethesignalfromthesystemafteraboutfour minutestosavebatterypower.Thesignalmaybelostif thesystemisturnedofforiftheheadphonesareout ofrangeofthetransmitters. Whenusingthewiredheadphones,ifthefrontseat passengersplayaCDintheRadiowithSix-DiscCD (ifequipped)oruseXM™SatelliteRadioService (ifequipped),youwillheartheaudioforthesesources, insteadoftheDVDorCDthatiscurrentlyplaying throughtheRSE. Notice: Donotstoretheheadphonesinheator directsunlight.Thiscoulddamagetheheadphones andrepairswillnotbecoveredbyyourwarranty. Keeptheheadphonesstoredinacool,dryplace. 3-114

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Bothsetsofrearseatheadphonesmayincludefoam earpadsthatcanbereplaced. Foamearpadsontheseheadphonesmaybecome wornordamaged.Theheadphonefoamearpadscan becomedamagediftheyarenothandledorstored properly.Ifthefoamearpadsdobecomedamagedor wornout,thepadscanbereplacedseparatelyfrom theheadphoneset.Itisnotnecessarytoreplace thecompleteheadphoneset. Theheadphonereplacementfoamearpadscanbe orderedinpairs.Seeyourdealerformoreinformation.BatteryReplacementTochangethebatteries,dothefollowing: 1.Loosenthescrewonthebatterycompartmentdoor locatedontheleftsideoftheheadphoneearpiece. 2.ReplacethetwoAAAbatteriesinthecompartment. Makesurethattheyareinstalledcorrectly,using thediagramontheinsideofthebattery compartment. 3.Tightenthescrewtoclosethecompartmentdoor. Iftheheadphonesaretobestoredforalongperiod oftime,removethebatteriesandkeeptheminacool, dryplace.StereoRCAJacksTheRCAjacksarelocatedbehindthevideoscreen. TheRCAjacksallowaudioandvideosignalsto beconnectedfromanauxiliarydevicesuchasa camcorderoravideogameunittotheRSEsystem. StandardRCAcables,notincluded,areneeded toconnecttheauxiliarydevicetotheRCAjacks.The yellowconnectorinputsvideoandtheredandwhite connectorsinputrightandleftaudio.Refertothe manufacturer’sinstructionsforproperconnectionofthe auxiliarydevice. TousetheauxiliaryinputsontheRSEsystem,connect anexternalauxiliarydevicetothecolor-codedRCA jacksandturnboththeauxiliarydeviceandthe RSEsystempoweron.IftheRSEsystemhadbeen previouslyintheDVDplayermode,pressingtheSRCE buttononthefaceplateortheremotecontrolwill switchtheRSEsystembetweentheauxiliarydevice andtheDVDplayer. 3-115

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HowtoChangetheVideoFormatwhenin theAuxiliaryModeTheauxiliaryinputvideoformatispresettoNTSC.In somecountries,thevideoformatmaybeinthe PALsystem.Tochangethevideoformat,performthe following: 1.Pressthedisplaymenubutton. 2.PressthedownarrowbuttontohighlighttheVideo Formatoption. 3.PresstheenterbuttontoselectVideoFormat. 4.Presstherightorleftarrowbuttontoselect thedesiredvideoformat. 5.Presstheenterbuttontoacceptthechange.AudioOutputAudiofromtheDVDplayerorauxiliaryinputsmaybe heardthroughthefollowingpossiblesources:WirelessHeadphonesVehicleSpeakersVehiclewiredheadphonejacksontheRearSeat Audiosystem(ifequipped) TheRSEsystemwillalwaystransmittheaudiosignal byinfraredtothewirelessheadphones,ifthereisaudio available.See“Headphones”previouslyformore information. TheRSEsystemiscapableofoutputtingaudiotothe vehiclespeakersbyusingtheradio.TheRSE systemmaybeselectedasanaudiosourceonthe radioiftheRSEsystempowerison.Oncethe RSEsystemisselectedasanaudiosourceonthe radio,adjustthespeakervolumeontheradio,if necessary.IftheRSEsystempowerisnoton,theRSE systemwillnotbeanavailablesourceontheradio. Refertotheradioinformationfortheradiothat yourvehiclehasformoreinformation. TheRSEsystemiscapableofoutputtingaudiotothe wiredheadphonejacksontherearseataudiosystem (ifequipped).TheRSEsystemmaybeselectedas anaudiosourceontherearseataudiosystemif theRSEsystempowerison.Referto RearSeatAudio (RSA)onpage3-125 formoreinformation. 3-116

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VideoScreenThevideoscreenislocatedintheoverheadconsole.To usethevideoscreen,pushforwardontherelease latchandthescreenwillfolddown.Adjustthescreen’s positionasdesired.Whenthevideoscreenisnotin use,pushitupintoitslatchedposition. TheDVDplayeranddisplaywillcontinuetooperate whenthescreenisintheuporthedownposition.The videoscreencontainsthetransmittersforthewireless headphonesandtheremotecontrol.Ifthescreen isintheclosedposition,thesignalswillnotbeavailable fortheoperationoftheheadphonesortheremote control. Notice: Avoiddirectlytouchingthevideoscreen, asdamagemayoccur.See“CleaningtheVideo Screen”laterinthissectionformoreinformation.DVDPlayerTheDVDplayerislocatedintheoverheadconsole.The DVDplayercanbecontrolledbythebuttonsonthe DVDplayerand/orbythebuttonsontheremotecontrol. See“RemoteControl”laterinthissectionformore information. TheDVDplayerpowermaybeturnedonwhenthe ignitionisinRUN,ACCESSORY,orwhenRetained AccessoryPower(RAP)isactive. TheRSEsystemDVDplayerisonlycompatiblewith DVDsoftheappropriateregioncodeforthecountrythat thevehiclewassoldin.TheDVDregioncodeis printedonthejacketofmostDVDs. StandardaudioCDs,CD-R,CD-RW,VideoCDand PhotoCD/CD-RmediaarefullysupportedbythisDVD player.DVD-RandDVD-RWmediaissupportedif formattedasDVD-Video.DVD+RandDVD+RWmedia mayormaynotbesupportedbytheDVDplayer. TheDVDplayerdoesnotsupportDVD-RAM, DVD-ROM,andDVDAudiomedia.Anerrormessage willappearonthedisplayifthistypeofmediaisinserted intotheDVDplayer. Whenusingthewiredheadphones,notincluded,ifthe frontseatpassengersplayaCDintheRadiowith Six-DiscCD(ifequipped)oruseXM™SatelliteRadio Service(ifequipped),youwillheartheaudiofor thesesources,insteadoftheDVDorCDthatiscurrently playingthroughtheRSE. Ifanerrormessageappearsonthevideoscreen,see “DVDMessages”laterinthissection. 3-117

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DVDPlayerButtonsO(Power): PressthisbuttontoturntheRSEsystem onandoff.Thepowerindicatorlightwillilluminate whenthepowerison.X(Eject): PressthisbuttontoejectaDVDorCD. SRCE(Source): Pressthisbuttontoswitchbetween theDVDplayerandanauxiliarysource.c(Stop): Pressthisbuttontostopplaying,rewinding, orfastforwardingaDVDorCD.Pressthisbutton twicetoreturntothebeginningoftheDVD.s(Play/Pause): Pressthisbuttontostartplayofa DVDorCD.PressthisbuttonwhileaDVDorCDis playingtopauseit.Pressthisbuttonagaintocontinue theplayoftheDVDorCD.y(MainDVDMenu): Pressthisbuttontoaccessthe DVDmenu.TheDVDmenuisdifferentonevery DVD.Usetheup,down,left,andrightarrowbuttonsto movethecursoraroundtheDVDmenu.Aftermaking aselectionpresstheenterbutton.Thisbuttononly operateswhenplayingaDVD.z(Set-upMenu): Pressthisbuttontoadjustthe color,tint,brightness,contrast,displaymode,and dynamicrangecompression.Thedynamicrange compressionfeaturecanbeusedtoreduceloudaudio andincreaselowaudioproducedbysomeDVDs. Tochangeafeaturebacktothefactorydefaultsetting, pressthisbuttontodisplaythefeature,thenpress andholdthisbutton.Thedefaultsettingwillappearon thedisplay. WhileplayinganAudioorDVDdisc,pressandholdthis buttontodisplayandtoremovethetrackandtime information.n,q,p,o(MenuNavigationArrows): Usethe arrowbuttonstonavigatethroughamenu.r(Enter): Pressthisbuttontoselectthechoices thatarehighlightedinanymenu. 3-118

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PlayingaDiscToplayadisc,gentlyinsertthediscwiththelabelside upintotheloadingslot.TheDVDplayerwillcontinue loadingthediscandtheplayerwillautomaticallystart,if thevehicleisinRUN,ACCESSORY,orwhenRAPis active. Ifadiscisalreadyintheplayer,presstheplay/pause buttonontheDVDplayerfaceplateorontheremote control. SomeDVDswillnotallowfastforwardingorskippingof thecopyrightinformationorthepreviews.Some DVDswillbeginplayingafterthepreviewshavenished. IftheDVDdoesnotbegintoplaythemaintitle,refer totheon-screeninstructions.StoppingandResumingPlaybackTostopplayingadisc,pressandreleasethestop buttonontheDVDplayerfaceplateortheremote control. Toresumeplayback,presstheplay/pausebuttonon theDVDplayerfaceplateortheremotecontrol. Themovieshouldresumeplayfromwhereitwaslast stopped,ifthedischasnotbeenejectedandthe stopbuttonhasnotbeenpressedtwice.Ifthedischas beenejectedorifthestopbuttonhasbeenpressed twice,thediscwillresumeplayatthebeginning.EjectingaDiscPresstheejectbuttonontheDVDplayerfaceplateto ejectthedisc.Thereisnotanejectbuttonontheremote control. Ifadiscisejectedfromtheplayer,butisnotremoved, theDVDplayerwillreloadthediscafterashort periodoftime.ThediscwillbestoredintheDVDplayer. TheDVDplayerwillnotresumeplayofthedisc automatically.RemoteControlTousetheremotecontrol,aimitatthetransmitter windowbelowthevideoscreenandpressthedesired button.Directsunlightorverybrightlightmayaffectthe abilityoftheRSEsystemtoreceivesignalsfromthe remotecontrol.Iftheremotecontroldoesnotseemto beworking,thebatteriesmayneedtobereplaced. See“BatteryReplacement”laterinthissection. Objectsblockingthelineofsightmayalsoaffectthe functionoftheremotecontrol. Notice: Storingtheremotecontrolinahotareaor indirectsunlightmaydamageit,andtherepairs willnotbecoveredbyyourwarranty.Keepthe remotecontrolstoredinacool,dryplace. Toextendthelifeofthebatteries,theremotecontrol doesnothaveapressandholdfeature. 3-119

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RemoteControlButtonsO(Power): PressthisbuttontoturntheDVDplayer onandoff.v(Title): PressthisbuttontoreturntheDVDtothe mainmenuoftheDVD.n,q,p,o(MenuNavigationArrows): Usethe arrowbuttonstonavigatethroughamenu.z(Set-upMenu): Pressthisbuttontoadjustthe color,tint,brightness,contrast,displaymode,and dynamicrangecompression.Thedynamicrange compressionfeaturecanbeusedtoreduceloudaudio andincreaselowaudioproducedbysomeDVDs.e(Audio): Pressthisbuttontodisplayamenuthat willonlyappearwhenaDVDisbeingplayed.Theformat andcontentofthisfunctionwillvaryforeachdisc.r(FastReverse): Pressthisbuttontofastreverse theDVDorCD.Tostopfastreversing,pressthisbutton again.ThisbuttonmaynotworkwhentheDVDis playingthecopyrightinformationorthepreviews. SRCE(Source): Pressthisbuttontoswitchbetween theDVDplayerandanauxiliarysource.c(Stop): Pressthisbuttontostopplaying,rewinding, orfastforwardingaDVDorCD.Pressthisbutton twicetoreturntothebeginningoftheDVD.t(PreviousTrack/Chapter): Pressthisbuttonto returntothestartofthecurrenttrackorchapter.Press thisbuttonagaintoreturntotheprevioustrackor chapter.ThisbuttonmaynotworkwhentheDVDis playingthecopyrightinformationorthepreviews. 3-120

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1through0(NumericKeypad): Thenumerickeypad providesyouwiththecapabilityofdirectchapter, title,andtracknumberselection.}10(DoubleDigitEntries): Pressthisbuttonto selectchapter,title,andtracknumbersgreaterthan9. Pressthisbuttonbeforeinputtingthenumber.\(Clear): Pressthisbuttonwithinthreesecondsafter inputtinganumbertoclearthenumber(s).P(Illumination): Pressthisbuttontoturntheremote controlbacklighton.Thebacklightwilltimeoutafter about7to10secondsifnootherbuttonispressedwhile thebacklightison.y(MainDVDMenu): Pressthisbuttontoaccessthe DVDmenu.TheDVDmenuisdifferentonevery DVD.Usetheup,down,left,andrightarrowbuttonsto movethecursoraroundtheDVDmenu.Aftermaking aselectionpresstheenterbutton.Thisbuttononly operateswhenplayingaDVD.r(Enter): Pressthisbuttontoselectthechoices thatarehighlightedinanymenu.q(Return): Pressthisbuttontoexitthecurrent activemenuandreturntothepreviousmenu.This buttonwilloperateonlywhenaDVDisplayinganda menuisactive.|(CameraAngle): Pressthisbuttontochange cameraanglesonDVDsthathavethisfeaturewhena DVDisplaying.Theformatandcontentofthis functionwillvaryforeachdisc.{(Subtitle): Pressthisbuttontoturnonsubtitlesand tomovethroughsubtitleoptionswhenaDVDis playing.Theformatandcontentofthisfunctionwillvary foreachdisc.[(FastForward): Pressthisbuttontofastforward theDVDorCD.Tostopfastforwarding,pressthis buttonagain.ThisbuttonmaynotworkwhentheDVD isplayingthecopyrightinformationorthepreviews.s(Play/Pause): Pressthisbuttontostartplayofa DVDorCD.PressthisbuttonwhileaDVDorCDis playingtopauseit.Pressthisbuttonagaintocontinue theplayoftheDVDorCD. WhentheDVDisplaying,pressthepausebuttonthen pressthefastforwardbutton.TheDVDwillcontinue playinginaslowplaymode.Tocancelslowplaymode, presstheplay/pausebutton.u(NextTrack/Chapter): Pressthisbuttontoadvance tothebeginningofthenexttrackorchapter.This buttonmaynotworkwhentheDVDisplayingthe copyrightinformationorthepreviews. 3-121

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BatteryReplacementTochangethebatteries,dothefollowing: 1.Removethebatterycompartmentdoorlocatedon thebottomoftheremotecontrol. 2.ReplacethetwoAAbatteriesinthecompartment. Makesurethattheyareinstalledcorrectly,using thediagramontheinsideofthebattery compartment. 3.Closethebatterydoorsecurely. Iftheremotecontrolistobestoredforalongperiodof time,removethebatteriesandkeeptheminacool, dryplace. ProblemRecommendedAction Nopower.Theignitionmightnotbe inonoraccessory. Theparentalcontrol buttonmighthavebeen turnedon.Thepower indicatorlightwillash. Discwillnotplay.Thesystemmightbeoff. Theparentalcontrol buttonmighthavebeen turnedon.Thepower indicatorlightwillash. Thesystemmightbein auxiliarymode. Thediscisupsidedown orisnotcompatible. Thepicturedoesnotll thescreen.Thereare blackbordersonthetop andbottomoronboth sidesoritlooks stretchedout. Checkthedisplaymode settingsinthe displaymenu. Thediscwasejected,but itwaspulledbackintothe DVDplayer. Thediscisbeingstoredin theDVDplayer.Pressthe ejectbuttonagaintoeject thedisc. 3-122

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ProblemRecommendedAction Inauxiliarymode,the picturemovesorscrolls. Checktheauxiliaryinput connectionsatboth devices. ChangetheVideoFormat toPALorNTSC.See “StereoRCAJacks” previouslyforhowto changethevideoformat. Thelanguageintheaudio oronthescreeniswrong. Checktheaudioor languageselectioninthe mainDVDmenu. Theremotecontroldoes notwork. Checktomakesurethere isnoobstructionbetween theremotecontrolandthe transmitterwindow. Checkthebatteriesto makesuretheyarenot deadorinstalled incorrectly. Theparentalcontrol buttonmighthavebeen turnedon.Thepower indicatorlightwillash. ProblemRecommendedAction Afterstoppingtheplayer,I pushPlaybutsometimes theDVDstartswhereI leftoffandsometimesat thebeginning. Ifthestopbuttonwas pressedonetime,the DVDplayerwillresume playingwheretheDVD wasstopped.Ifthestop buttonwaspressedtwo timestheDVDplayerwill begintoplayfromthe beginningoftheDVD. Theauxiliarysourceis runningbutthereisno pictureorsound. CheckthattheDVD playerisintheauxiliary sourcemode. Checktheauxiliaryinput connectionsatboth devices. Mydiscisstuckinthe player.TheLoad/Eject buttondoesnotwork. TurntheDVDpoweroff, thenon,thenpressthe load/ejectbuttononthe DVDplayer. Donotattempttoforcibly removethediscfromthe DVDplayer.Thiscould permanentlydamagethe discandDVDplayer. 3-123

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ProblemRecommendedAction Sometimesthewireless headphoneaudiocutsout orbuzzes. Checkforobstructions, lowbatteries,reception range,andinterference fromcellulartelephone towersorbyusingyour cellulartelephoneinthe vehicle. Checkthatthe headphonesarefacing thefrontofthevehicle. Ilosttheremoteand/or theheadphones. Seeyourdealerfor assistance. TheDVDisplaying,but thereisnopictureor sound. CheckthattheDVD playerisinDVDmode. Theaudio/videoskips orjumps. TheDVDorCDcouldbe dirty,scratched,or damaged. Theaudiofromtheradio fortheRadiowith Six-DiscCDandXM™ hastakenovertheaudio fromtheDVDorCDwhen usingthewired headphones. TheRSEisworking correctly. Usethewireless headphonesorhavethe frontseatpassengers listentoanotheraudio source.DVDMessagesThefollowingerrorsmaybedisplayedonthevideo screen: DiscFormatError: Thismessagewillbedisplayedifa discisinsertedupsidedown,ifthediscisnotreadable, oriftheformatisnotcompatiblewiththeDVDplayer. Load/EjectError: Thismessagewillbedisplayedifthe discisnotproperlyloadedorejected. DiscPlayError: Thismessagewillbedisplayedifthe DVDplayercannotplaythedisc.Scratchedor damageddiscswillcausethiserror. RegionCodeError: Thismessagewillbedisplayedif theregioncodeoftheDVDisnotcompatiblewith theregioncodeoftheDVDplayer. NoDisc: Thismessagewillbedisplayedifanyofthe buttonsontheDVDfaceplateorremotecontrolare pressedandnodiscispresentintheDVDplayer.DVDDistortionTheremaybeanexperiencewithaudiodistortioninthe wirelessheadphoneswhenoperatingcellularphones, scanners,CBradios,GlobalPositioningSystems (GPS)*,two-wayradios,mobilefax,orwalkietalkies. ItmaybenecessarytoturnofftheDVDplayerwhen operatingoneofthesedevicesinornearthevehicle. *ExcludestheOnStarSystem. 3-124

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CleaningtheVideoScreenPoursomeisopropylorrubbingalcoholonacleancloth andgentlywipethevideoscreen.Donotspray directlyontothescreenanddonotpresstoohardor toolongonthevideoscreen.RearSeatAudio(RSA)Thisfeatureallowsrearseatpassengerstolistentoany ofthesources:radio,cassettetapes,CDs,orDVDs. However,therearseatpassengerscanonlycontrolthe sourcesthatthefrontseatpassengersarenot listeningto.Forexample,rearseatpassengersmay listentoandcontrolcassettetapes,CDs,orDVDs throughtheheadphoneswhilethedriverlistenstothe radiothroughthefrontspeakers.Therearseat passengershavecontrolofthevolumeforeachsetof headphones. Thefrontseataudiocontrolsalwayshavepriorityover theRSAcontrols.Ifthefrontseatpassengersswitchthe sourceforthemainradiotoaremotesource,theRSAwill notbeabletocontrolthesource.Youcanoperatethe rearseataudiowhenthemainradioisoff.P(Power): Pressthisbuttontoturnthesystemonor off.Therearspeakerswillbemutedwhenthepower isturnedonunlessyourvehicleisequippedwith theBoseaudiosystem.u(Volume): Turnthisknobtoincreaseorto decreasethevolume.Theleftknobcontrolstheleft headphonesandtherightknobcontrolstheright headphones. SRC(Source): Pressthisbuttontoselectasource: radio,cassettetapes,CDs,orDVDs. 3-125

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xSEEKw: WhenlisteningtoFM1,FM2,orAM, presstheuporthedownarrowtogotothenextortothe previousstationandstaythere.Thisfunctionisinactiveif thefrontseatpassengersarelisteningtotheradio. Whenacassettetapeisplaying,presstheuporthe downarrowtogotothenextorthepreviousselection. Thisfunctionisinactiveifthefrontseatpassengersare listeningtoacassettetape. WhenaCDisplaying,presstheuparrowtogotothe nexttrackontheCD.Pressthedownarrowtogotothe startofthecurrenttrackifmorethaneightsecondshave played.Thisfunctionisinactiveifthefrontseat passengersarelisteningtoaCD. PROG(Program): Pressthisbuttontogotothenext presetradiostationsetonthepushbuttonsonthe mainradio.Thisfunctionisinactiveifthefrontseat passengersarelisteningtotheradio. Whenacassettetapeisplaying,pressthisbuttontogoto theothersideofthetape.Thisfunctionisinactiveifthe frontseatpassengersarelisteningtoacassettetape. WhenaCDisplaying,pressthisbuttontogotothe beginningoftheCD.Thisfunctionisinactiveifthefront seatpassengersarelisteningtoaCD. WhenaCDisplayinginthesix-discCDchanger,press thisbuttontoselectthenextCD,ifmultipleCDsare loaded.Thisfunctionisinactiveifthefrontseat passengersarelisteningtoaCD.Theft-DeterrentFeatureTHEFTLOCKisdesignedtodiscouragetheftofyour vehicle’sradio.Thefeatureworksautomaticallyby learningaportionoftheVehicleIdenticationNumber (VIN).Iftheradioismovedtoadifferentvehicle,it willnotoperateandLOCKEDwillappearonthedisplay. Whentheradioandvehicleareturnedoff,theblinking redlightindicatesthatTHEFTLOCKisarmed. WithTHEFTLOCKactivated,theradiowillnotoperate ifstolen. 3-126

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AudioSteeringWheelControlsIfyourvehiclehasthisfeature,someaudiocontrolscan beadjustedatthesteeringwheel.Theyincludethe following:g(OnStar/Mute): IfyourvehiclehasOnStar,press thisbuttontointeractwiththeOnStarsystem.See the OnStarSystemonpage2-69 inthismanualfor moreinformation. IfyourvehicledoesnothaveOnStar,pressthisbutton tosilencethesystem.Pressitagain,oranyother radiobutton,toturnonthesound. PROG(Program): Pressthisbuttontoplayastation youhaveprogrammedontheradiopresetpushbuttons. Theradiowillonlyseekpresetstationswithastrong signalthatareintheselectedband. Whenacassettetapeisplaying,pressthisbuttonto playtheothersideofthetape. WhenaCDisplayingintheCDchanger,pressthis buttontogotothenextavailableCD,ifmultipleCDsare loaded.QSOURCER: Pressthisbuttontoswitchbetween FM1,FM2,AM,orXM1orXM2(ifequipped),ora cassettetapeorCD.ThecassetteorCDmustbeloaded toplay.Availableloadedsourcesareshownonthe displayasatapeoraCDsymbol.QSEEKR: Presstheuporthedownarrowtogoto thenextortothepreviousradiostationandstay there.Theradiowillonlyseekstationswithastrong signalthatareintheselectedband. WhenacassettetapeorCDisplaying,presstheupor thedownarrowtofastforwardorreverse.QVOLR(Volume): Presstheuporthedownarrow toincreaseortodecreasethevolume. 3-127

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RadioReceptionYoumayexperiencefrequencyinterferenceandstatic duringnormalradioreceptionifitemssuchascellphone chargers,vehicleconvenienceaccessories,and externalelectronicdevicesarepluggedintothe accessorypoweroutlet.Ifthereisinterferenceorstatic, unplugtheitemfromtheaccessorypoweroutlet.AMTherangeformostAMstationsisgreaterthanforFM, especiallyatnight.Thelongerrangecancause stationfrequenciestointerferewitheachother.For betterradioreception,mostAMradiostationswillboost thepowerlevelsduringtheday,andthenreduce theselevelsduringthenight.Staticcanalsooccurwhen thingslikestormsandpowerlinesinterferewithradio reception.Whenthishappens,tryreducingthetrebleon yourradio.FMStereoFMstereowillgivethebestsound,butFMsignalswill reachonlyabout10to40miles(16to65km).Tall buildingsorhillscaninterferewithFMsignals,causing thesoundtofadeinandout.XM™SatelliteRadioServiceXM™SatelliteRadioServicegivesdigitalradio receptionfromcoast-to-coastinthe48contiguous UnitedStates,andinCanada(ifavailable).Justaswith FM,tallbuildingsorhillscaninterferewithsatellite radiosignals,causingthesoundtofadeinandout.In addition,travelingorstandingunderheavyfoliage, bridges,garages,ortunnelsmaycauselossoftheXM™ signalforaperiodoftime.TheradiomaydisplayNO SIGNALtoindicateinterference.CareoftheCassetteTapePlayerAtapeplayerthatisnotcleanedregularlycancause reducedsoundquality,ruinedcassettes,oradamaged mechanism.Cassettetapesshouldbestoredintheir casesawayfromcontaminants,directsunlight,and extremeheat.Iftheyarenot,theymaynotoperate properlyormaycausefailureofthetapeplayer. Thetapeplayershouldbecleanedregularlyafterevery 50hoursofuse.TheradiomaydisplayCLEANto indicatethatthetapeplayerhasbeenusedfor50hours withoutresettingthetapecleantimer.Ifthismessage appearsonthedisplay,thecassettetapeplayer needstobecleaned.Itwillstillplaytapes,butitshould becleanedassoonaspossibletopreventdamage tothetapesandplayer. 3-128

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Ifthereisareductioninsoundquality,tryaknowngood cassettetoseeifthetapeorthetapeplayerisat fault.Ifthisothercassettehasnoimprovementinsound quality,cleanthetapeplayer. Forbestresults,useascrubbingaction,non-abrasive cleaningcassettewithpadswhichscrubthetape headasthehubsofthecleanercassetteturn.The recommendedcleaningcassetteisavailablethrough yourdealer. Whencleaningthecassettetapeplayerwiththe recommendednon-abrasivecleaningcassette,itis possiblethatthecassettemayeject,becausethecut tapedetectionfeatureontheradiomayrecognizeitasa brokentape,inerror.Topreventthecleaningcassette frombeingejected,usethefollowingsteps: 1.Turntheignitionon. 2.Turntheradiooff. 3.PressandholdtheTAPEDISCbuttonforve seconds.READYwillappearonthedisplayand thecassettesymbolwillashforveseconds. 4.Insertthescrubbingactioncleaningcassette. 5.Ejectthecleaningcassetteafterthemanufacturer’s recommendedcleaningtime. Whenthecleaningcassettehasbeenejected,the cuttapedetectionfeaturewillbeactiveagain. Anon-scrubbingaction,wet-typecleanerwhichusesa cassettewithafabricbelttocleanthetapehead canbeused.Thistypeofcleaningcassettewillnot ejectonitsown.Anon-scrubbingactioncleanermaynot cleanasthoroughlyasthescrubbingtypecleaner. Theuseofanon-scrubbingaction,dry-typecleaning cassetteisnotrecommended. Aftertheplayeriscleaned,pressandholdtheeject buttonforvesecondstoresettheCLEANindicator. Theradiowilldisplay---orCLEANEDtoshowthe indicatorwasreset. Cassettesaresubjecttowearandthesoundqualitymay degradeovertime.Alwaysmakesurethecassettetape isingoodconditionbeforethetapeplayerisserviced.CareofYourCDsandDVDsHandleCDscarefully.Storethemintheiroriginalcases orotherprotectivecasesandawayfromdirect sunlightanddust.TheCDplayerscansthebottom surfaceofthedisc.IfthesurfaceofaCDisdamaged, suchascracked,broken,orscratched,theCDwill notplayproperlyornotatall.IfthesurfaceofaCDis soiled,takeasoft,lintfreeclothordampenaclean,soft clothinamild,neutraldetergentsolutionmixedwith water,andcleanit.Makesurethewipingprocessstarts fromthecentertotheedge. 3-129

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DonottouchthebottomsideofaCDwhilehandlingit; thiscoulddamagethesurface.PickupCDsby graspingtheouteredgesortheedgeoftheholeand theouteredge.CareoftheCDandDVDPlayerTheuseofCDlenscleanersforCDsisnotadvised, duetotheriskofcontaminatingthelensoftheCDoptics withlubricantsinternaltotheCDmechanism.FixedMastAntennaThexedmastantennacanwithstandmostcarwashes withoutbeingdamaged.Ifthemastshouldever becomeslightlybent,straightenitoutbyhand.Ifthe mastisbadlybent,replaceit. Checkoccasionallytomakesurethemastisstill tightenedtothecowl.Iftighteningisrequired,tightenby hand,thenwithawrenchonequarterturn.XM™SatelliteRadioAntenna SystemTheXM™SatelliteRadioantennaislocatedontheroof ofyourvehicle.Keepthisantennaclearofsnowand icebuildupforclearradioreception. Ifyourvehiclehasasunroof,theperformanceofthe XM™systemmaybeaffectedifthesunroofisopen. Loadingitemsontotheroofofyourvehiclecaninterfere withtheperformanceoftheXM™system.Makesure theXM™SatelliteRadioantennaisnotobstructed.ChimeLevelAdjustmentTheradioisusedtoadjustthevehicle’schimelevel.To changethevolumelevelofthechime,pressand holdpushbutton6withtheignitiononandtheradio poweroff.Thevolumelevelwillchangefromthenormal leveltoloud,andLOUDwillappearontheradio display.Tochangebacktothedefaultornormalsetting, pressandholdpushbutton6again.Thevolumelevel willchangefromtheloudleveltonormal,andNORMAL willappearontheradiodisplay.Eachtimethechime volumeischanged,threechimeswillsoundasan exampleofthenewvolumeselected.Removingthe radioandnotreplacingitwithafactoryradioorchime modulewilldisablevehiclechimes. 3-130

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YourDriving,theRoad,andYourVehicle ......... .4-2 DefensiveDriving .......................................... .4-2 DrunkenDriving ............................................ .4-3 ControlofaVehicle ....................................... .4-6 Braking ........................................................ .4-6 Anti-LockBrakeSystem(ABS) ........................ .4-7 BrakinginEmergencies .................................. .4-9 TractionAssistSystem(TAS) .......................... .4-9 ManualSelectableRide ................................ .4-11 LockingRearAxle ....................................... .4-12 Steering ..................................................... .4-12 Off-RoadRecovery ...................................... .4-14 Passing ...................................................... .4-15 LossofControl ............................................ .4-16 Off-RoadDriving .......................................... .4-17 DrivingatNight ........................................... .4-33 DrivinginRainandonWetRoads ................. .4-34 CityDriving ................................................. .4-37 FreewayDriving .......................................... .4-38 BeforeLeavingonaLongTrip ...................... .4-39 HighwayHypnosis ....................................... .4-40 HillandMountainRoads ............................... .4-40 WinterDriving ............................................. .4-42 IfYourVehicleisStuckinSand,Mud, IceorSnow ............................................. .4-46 RockingYourVehicletoGetItOut ................ .4-46 RecoveryHooks(ExceptSSModel) ................. .4-47 LoadingYourVehicle ................................... .4-48 AddingaSnowPloworSimilarEquipment ...... .4-54 Truck-CamperLoadingInformation ................. .4-59 PickupConversiontoChassisCab ................. .4-61 Towing ......................................................... .4-61 TowingYourVehicle .................................... .4-61 RecreationalVehicleTowing .......................... .4-62 TowingaTrailer .......................................... .4-67 TrailerRecommendations .............................. .4-95 PowerTake-Off(PTO) .................................. .4-95 Section4DrivingYourVehicle 4-1

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YourDriving,theRoad,and YourVehicleDefensiveDrivingThebestadviceanyonecangiveaboutdrivingis:Drive defensively. Pleasestartwithaveryimportantsafetydeviceinyour vehicle:Buckleup.See SafetyBelts:TheyArefor Everyoneonpage1-12 {CAUTION:Defensivedrivingreallymeans“Bereadyfor anything.”Oncitystreets,ruralroads,or expressways,itmeans“Alwaysexpectthe unexpected.”Assumethatpedestriansorother driversaregoingtobecarelessandmake mistakes.Anticipatewhattheymightdoand beready.Rear-endcollisionsareaboutthe mostpreventableofaccidents.Yettheyare common.Allowenoughfollowingdistance. Defensivedrivingrequiresthatadriver concentrateonthedrivingtask.Anythingthat distractsfromthedrivingtaskmakesproper defensivedrivingmoredifficultandcaneven causeacollision,withresultinginjury.Aska passengertohelpdothesethings,orpulloff theroadinasafeplacetodothem.These simpledefensivedrivingtechniquescould saveyourlife. 4-2

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DrunkenDrivingDeathandinjuryassociatedwithdrinkinganddrivingis anationaltragedy.Itisthenumberonecontributor tothehighwaydeathtoll,claimingthousandsofvictims everyyear. Alcoholaffectsfourthingsthatanyoneneedstodrivea vehicle:JudgmentMuscularCoordinationVisionAttentiveness Policerecordsshowthatalmosthalfofallmotor vehicle-relateddeathsinvolvealcohol.Inmostcases, thesedeathsaretheresultofsomeonewhowas drinkinganddriving.Inrecentyears,morethan 16,000annualmotorvehicle-relateddeathshavebeen associatedwiththeuseofalcohol,withmorethan 300,000peopleinjured. Manyadults—bysomeestimates,nearlyhalftheadult population—choosenevertodrinkalcohol,sothey neverdriveafterdrinking.Forpersonsunder21, itisagainstthelawineveryU.S.statetodrinkalcohol. Therearegoodmedical,psychological,and developmentalreasonsfortheselaws. Theobviouswaytoeliminatetheleadinghighway safetyproblemisforpeoplenevertodrinkalcoholand thendrive.Butwhatifpeopledo?Howmuchis“too much”ifsomeoneplanstodrive?Itisalotless thanmanymightthink.Althoughitdependsoneach personandsituation,hereissomegeneralinformation ontheproblem. TheBloodAlcoholConcentration(BAC)ofsomeone whoisdrinkingdependsuponfourthings:TheamountofalcoholconsumedThedrinker’sbodyweightTheamountoffoodthatisconsumedbeforeand duringdrinkingThelengthoftimeithastakenthedrinkerto consumethealcohol 4-3

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AccordingtotheAmericanMedicalAssociation,a180lb (82kg)personwhodrinksthree12ounce(355ml) bottlesofbeerinanhourwillendupwithaBAC ofabout0.06percent.Thepersonwouldreachthe sameBACbydrinkingthree4ounce(120ml)glasses ofwineorthreemixeddrinksifeachhad1-1/2ounces (45ml)ofliquorslikewhiskey,gin,orvodka. Itistheamountofalcoholthatcounts.Forexample,if thesamepersondrankthreedoublemartinis(3ounces or90mlofliquoreach)withinanhour,theperson’s BACwouldbecloseto0.12percent.Aperson whoconsumesfoodjustbeforeorduringdrinkingwill haveasomewhatlowerBAClevel. Thereisagenderdifference,too.Womengenerally havealowerrelativepercentageofbodywater thanmen.Sincealcoholiscarriedinbodywater,this meansthatawomangenerallywillreachahigherBAC levelthanamanofhersamebodyweightwillwhen eachhasthesamenumberofdrinks. ThelawinmostU.S.states,andthroughoutCanada, setsthelegallimitat0.08percent.Insomeother countries,thelimitisevenlower.Forexample,itis 0.05percentinbothFranceandGermany.The BAClimitforallcommercialdriversintheUnitedStates is0.04percent. TheBACwillbeover0.10percentafterthreeto sixdrinks(inonehour).Ofcourse,aswehaveseen,it dependsonhowmuchalcoholisinthedrinks,and howquicklythepersondrinksthem. 4-4

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ButtheabilitytodriveisaffectedwellbelowaBACof 0.10percent.Researchshowsthatthedrivingskills ofmanypeopleareimpairedataBACapproaching 0.05percent,andthattheeffectsareworseatnight.All driversareimpairedatBAClevelsabove0.05percent. Statisticsshowthatthechanceofbeinginacollision increasessharplyfordriverswhohaveaBACof 0.05percentorabove.AdriverwithaBAClevelof 0.06percenthasdoubledhisorherchanceofhavinga collision.AtaBAClevelof0.10percent,thechance ofthisdriverhavingacollisionis12timesgreater;ata levelof0.15percent,thechanceis25timesgreater! Thebodytakesaboutanhourtoriditselfofthealcohol inonedrink.Noamountofcoffeeornumberofcold showerswillspeedthatup.“Iwillbecareful”isnotthe rightanswer.Whatifthereisanemergency,aneed totakesuddenaction,aswhenachilddartsinto thestreet?ApersonwithevenamoderateBACmight notbeabletoreactquicklyenoughtoavoidthe collision. Thereissomethingelseaboutdrinkinganddrivingthat manypeopledonotknow.Medicalresearchshows thatalcoholinaperson’ssystemcanmakecrash injuriesworse,especiallyinjuriestothebrain,spinal cord,orheart.Thismeansthatwhenanyonewhohas beendrinking—driverorpassenger—isinacrash, thatperson’schanceofbeingkilledorpermanently disabledishigherthanifthepersonhadnotbeen drinking. {CAUTION:Drinkingandthendrivingisverydangerous. Yourreexes,perceptions,attentiveness,and judgmentcanbeaffectedbyevenasmall amountofalcohol.Youcanhaveaserious—or evenfatal—collisionifyoudriveafterdrinking. Pleasedonotdrinkanddriveorridewitha driverwhohasbeendrinking.Ridehomeina cab;orifyouarewithagroup,designatea driverwhowillnotdrink. 4-5

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ControlofaVehicleYouhavethreesystemsthatmakeyourvehiclego whereyouwantittogo.Theyarethebrakes,the steering,andtheaccelerator.Allthreesystemshaveto dotheirworkattheplaceswherethetiresmeet theroad. Sometimes,aswhenyouaredrivingonsnoworice,it iseasytoaskmoreofthosecontrolsystemsthan thetiresandroadcanprovide.Thatmeansyoucanlose controlofyourvehicle.See TractionAssistSystem (TAS)onpage4-9 Addingnon-GMaccessoriescanaffectyourvehicle’s performance.See AccessoriesandModications onpage5-4 .BrakingSee BrakeSystemWarningLightonpage3-41 Brakingactioninvolvesperceptiontimeand reactiontime. First,youhavetodecidetopushonthebrakepedal. Thatisperceptiontime.Thenyouhavetobringupyour footanddoit.Thatisreactiontime. Averagereactiontimeisaboutthree-fourthsofa second.Butthatisonlyanaverage.Itmightbeless withonedriverandaslongastwoorthreesecondsor morewithanother.Age,physicalcondition,alertness, coordination,andeyesightallplayapart.Sodoalcohol, drugs,andfrustration.Buteveninthree-fourthsofa second,avehiclemovingat60mph(100km/h)travels 66feet(20m).Thatcouldbealotofdistanceinan emergency,sokeepingenoughspacebetween yourvehicleandothersisimportant. And,ofcourse,actualstoppingdistancesvarygreatly withthesurfaceoftheroad,whetheritispavement orgravel;theconditionoftheroad,whetheritis wet,dry,oricy;tiretread;theconditionofyourbrakes; theweightofthevehicle;andtheamountofbrake forceapplied. 4-6

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Avoidneedlessheavybraking.Somepeopledrivein spurts—heavyaccelerationfollowedbyheavy braking—ratherthankeepingpacewithtraffic.Thisis amistake.Yourbrakesmaynothavetimetocool betweenhardstops.Yourbrakeswillwearoutmuch fasterifyoudoalotofheavybraking.Ifyoukeeppace withthetrafficandallowrealisticfollowingdistances, youwilleliminatealotofunnecessarybraking. Thatmeansbetterbrakingandlongerbrakelife. Ifyourengineeverstopswhileyouaredriving,brake normallybutdonotpumpyourbrakes.Ifyoudo, thepedalmaygethardertopushdown.Ifyourengine stops,youwillstillhavesomepowerbrakeassist. Butyouwilluseitwhenyoubrake.Oncethepower assistisusedup,itmaytakelongertostopand thebrakepedalwillbehardertopush. Addingnon-GMaccessoriescanaffectyourvehicle’s performance.See AccessoriesandModications onpage5-4 .Anti-LockBrakeSystem(ABS)Yourvehiclehasanti-lockbrakes.ABSisanadvanced electronicbrakingsystemthatwillhelppreventa brakingskid. Whenyoustartyourengineandbegintodriveaway, youranti-lockbrakesystemwillcheckitself.You mayhearamomentarymotororclickingnoisewhile thistestisgoingon.Thisisnormal. Ifthereisaproblemwith theanti-lockbrakesystem, thiswarninglightwill stayon.See Anti-Lock BrakeSystemWarning Lightonpage3-42 AlongwithABS,yourvehiclehasaDynamicRear Proportioning(DRP)system.IfthereisaDRPproblem, boththebrakeandABSwarninglightswillcomeon accompaniedbya10-secondchime.Thelights andchimewillcomeoneachtimetheignitionisturned onuntiltheproblemisrepaired.Seeyourdealerfor service. 4-7

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Letussaytheroadiswetandyouaredrivingsafely. Suddenly,ananimaljumpsoutinfrontofyou.Youslam onthebrakesandcontinuebraking.Hereiswhat happenswithABS: Acomputersensesthatwheelsareslowingdown.If oneofthewheelsisabouttostoprolling,thecomputer willseparatelyworkthebrakesateachfrontwheel andatbothrearwheels. Theanti-locksystemcanchangethebrakepressure fasterthananydrivercould.Thecomputeris programmedtomakethemostofavailabletireandroad conditions.Thiscanhelpyousteeraroundtheobstacle whilebrakinghard. Asyoubrake,yourcomputerkeepsreceivingupdates onwheelspeedandcontrolsbrakingpressure accordingly. 4-8

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Remember:Anti-lockdoesnotchangethetimeyou needtogetyourfootuptothebrakepedaloralways decreasestoppingdistance.Ifyougettoocloseto thevehicleinfrontofyou,youwillnothavetimetoapply yourbrakesifthatvehiclesuddenlyslowsorstops. Alwaysleaveenoughroomupaheadtostop,even thoughyouhaveanti-lockbrakes.UsingAnti-LockDonotpumpthebrakes.Justholdthebrakepedal downrmlyandletanti-lockworkforyou.Youmayfeel thebrakesvibrate,oryoumaynoticesomenoise, butthisisnormal.BrakinginEmergenciesWithanti-lockbrakes,youcansteerandbrakeatthe sametime.Inmanyemergencies,steeringcanhelpyou morethaneventheverybestbraking.TractionAssistSystem(TAS)YourvehiclemayhaveaTractionAssistSystem(TAS) thatlimitswheelspin.Thisisespeciallyusefulin slipperyroadconditions.Thesystemoperatesonlyifit sensesthatoneorbothoftherearwheelsare spinningorbeginningtolosetraction.Whenthis happens,thesystemreducesenginepowertolimit wheelspin. Thetractioncontrolsystemisenabledeverytimeyour vehicleisstarted.Thesystemwillactivateifitsenses thatanyofthewheelsarespinningorbeginningtolose traction. Youmayhearorfeelthesystemworkingornoticea lackofacceleratorresponse,butthisisnormal. TheTractionAssistSystemmayoperateondryroads undersomeconditions.Whenthishappens,you maynoticeareductioninacceleration.Thisisnormal anddoesn’tmeanthere’saproblemwithyourvehicle. Examplesoftheseconditionsincludeahard accelerationinaturn,anabruptupshiftordownshiftof thetransmissionordrivingonroughroads. IfyourvehicleisincruisecontrolwhentheTASbegins tolimitwheelspin,thecruisecontrolwillautomatically disengage.Whenroadconditionsallowyoutosafely useitagain,youmayre-engagethecruisecontrol.See CruiseControlonpage3-10 Whenthetractionofflight ison,theTASisoffand willnotlimitwheel spin.Adjustyourdriving accordingly. 4-9

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Thetractionofflightwillcomeonunderthefollowing conditions:TheTractionAssistSystemisturnedoff,eitherby pressingtheTASon/offbutton,locatedonthe instrumentpanel,orbyturningofftheautomatic engagementfeatureoftheTAS.ThetransmissionisinFIRST(1);TASwillnot operateinthisgear.Thisisnormal.Thevehicleisdrivenonanextremelyroughroad. Whenthevehicleleavestheroughsurface,slows downorstops,thelightwillgooffandTASwillturn onagain.Thisisnormal.ATractionAssistSystem,Anti-LockBrakeSystem orengine-relatedproblemhasbeendetectedand thevehicleneedsservice.IfthevehiclehasbeendrivenwiththeTASsystem onforlongperiodsoftime,orifthevehiclehas gonethroughmanyseveralhighspeedbraking maneuversthesystemmaybeautomatically disabled.Thesystemwillautomaticallyre-enable afterapproximatelytwominutesofnotusing thebrakes. See TractionOffLightonpage3-42 TheTractionAssistSystem,asdeliveredfromthe factory,willautomaticallycomeonwheneveryoustart yourvehicle.Tolimitwheelspin,especiallyin slipperyroadconditions,youshouldalwaysleavethe systemon.ButyoucanturntheTASoffifyoueverneed to.YoushouldturntheTASoffifyourvehicleever getsstuckinsand,mudorsnowandrockingthevehicle isrequired.See RockingYourVehicletoGetItOut onpage4-46 and IfYourVehicleisStuckinSand,Mud, IceorSnowonpage4-46 Toturnthesystemonor off,presstheTASon/off buttonlocatedonthe instrumentpanel. Ifyouusedthebuttontoturnthesystemoff,thetraction offlightwillcomeonandstayon.Youcanturnthe systembackonatanytimebypressingthebutton again.Thetractionofflightshouldgooff. Addingnon-GMaccessoriescanaffectyourvehicle’s performance.See AccessoriesandModications onpage5-4 formoreinformation. 4-10

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ManualSelectableRideThemainfunctionofthissystemistoprovidesuperior ridecomfortwhiletraileringorfullyloaded,aswell asforunloadeddriving.Thissystemalsohelps toprovide:ImprovedtraileringstabilityImprovedhandlingresponsewhentraileringorfully loaded Thisbuttonislocated onthecenterofthe instrumentpanelnear theradio. Pressittoactivatetheselectableridesettingas desired.Anindicatorlightnearthebuttonwillilluminate wheneverthesystemisactive. Itisrecommendedtousethissystemasfollows:Foroptimumridecomfortinanunloadedvehicle thebuttonshouldbeout.Theindicatorlightwill notbelit.ThisbuttonpositionindicatesNORMAL levelsofridecontrolordamping.Foroptimumridecomfortwhentrailering,fully loaded,drivingoff-road,orwhenpersonal preferencesdemandmorecontrol,thebutton shouldbepressedinwiththeindicatorlightlit.This switchpositionindicatesFIRMlevelsofride controlordamping. Thefollowingguidecanalsobeusedtohelpdetermine thebestsetting. NORMAL: Theindicatorlightwillnotbelitwhenthe systemisinthissetting.Usefornormalcityandhighway driving.Thissettingprovidesasmooth,softridewhen thevehicleisunloaded. FIRM(Unloaded): Pressthebuttontoactivatethis setting,theindicatorlightwillbelit.Usethissetting whenroadconditionsorpersonalpreferencedemand morecontrol.Thissettingprovidesmore“feel”or responsetotheroadconditions. 4-11

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FIRM(Loaded): Pressthebuttontoactivatethis setting,theindicatorlightwillbelit.Usethissettingto minimizetrailerinputstothevehicleorwhenthevehicle isfullyloaded.Thissettingisalsoappropriatefor off-roaddriving. Youcanselectasettingatanytimebasedonroadand traileringconditionstoprovidethebestrideand handling.Selectanewsettingwheneverdriving conditionschange.LockingRearAxleIfyourvehiclehasthisfeature,yourlockingrearaxle cangiveyouadditionaltractiononsnow,mud,ice,sand orgravel.Itworkslikeastandardaxlemostofthe time,butwhenoneoftherearwheelshasnotraction andtheotherdoes,thisfeaturewillallowthewheelwith tractiontomovethevehicle.SteeringPowerSteeringIfyoulosepowersteeringassistbecausetheengine stopsorthesystemisnotfunctioning,youcansteerbut itwilltakemuchmoreeffort.SteeringTipsItisimportanttotakecurvesatareasonablespeed. Alotofthe“driverlostcontrol”accidentsmentionedon thenewshappenoncurves.Hereiswhy: Experienceddriverorbeginner,eachofusissubjectto thesamelawsofphysicswhendrivingoncurves. Thetractionofthetiresagainsttheroadsurfacemakes itpossibleforthevehicletochangeitspathwhen youturnthefrontwheels.Ifthereisnotraction,inertia willkeepthevehiclegoinginthesamedirection.If youhaveevertriedtosteeravehicleonwetice,you willunderstandthis. Thetractionyoucangetinacurvedependsonthe conditionofyourtiresandtheroadsurface,theangleat whichthecurveisbanked,andyourspeed.While youareinacurve,speedistheonefactoryou cancontrol. 4-12

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Supposeyouaresteeringthroughasharpcurve. Thenyousuddenlyaccelerate.Bothcontrol systems—steeringandacceleration—havetodo theirworkwherethetiresmeettheroad.Adding thesuddenaccelerationcandemandtoomuchofthose places.Youcanlosecontrol.See TractionAssist System(TAS)onpage4-9 Whatshouldyoudoifthiseverhappens?Easeupon theacceleratorpedal,steerthevehiclethewayyou wantittogo,andslowdown. Speedlimitsignsnearcurveswarnthatyoushould adjustyourspeed.Ofcourse,thepostedspeeds arebasedongoodweatherandroadconditions.Under lessfavorableconditionsyouwillwanttogoslower. Ifyouneedtoreduceyourspeedasyouapproach acurve,doitbeforeyouenterthecurve,whileyourfront wheelsarestraightahead. Trytoadjustyourspeedsoyoucan“drive”throughthe curve.Maintainareasonable,steadyspeed.Waitto accelerateuntilyouareoutofthecurve,andthen accelerategentlyintothestraightaway. Addingnon-GMaccessoriescanaffectyourvehicle’s performance.See AccessoriesandModications onpage5-4 .SteeringinEmergenciesTherearetimeswhensteeringcanbemoreeffective thanbraking.Forexample,youcomeoverahillandnd atruckstoppedinyourlane,oracarsuddenlypulls outfromnowhere,orachilddartsoutfrombetween parkedcarsandstopsrightinfrontofyou.You canavoidtheseproblemsbybraking—ifyoucanstop intime.Butsometimesyoucannot;thereisnotroom. Thatisthetimeforevasiveaction—steeringaroundthe problem. Yourvehiclecanperformverywellinemergencieslike these.Firstapplyyourbrakes. See Brakingonpage4-6 .Itisbettertoremoveasmuch speedasyoucanfromapossiblecollision.Then steeraroundtheproblem,totheleftorrightdepending onthespaceavailable. 4-13

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Anemergencylikethisrequirescloseattentionanda quickdecision.Ifyouareholdingthesteeringwheelat therecommended9and3o’clockpositions,you canturnitafull180degreesveryquicklywithout removingeitherhand.Butyouhavetoactfast,steer quickly,andjustasquicklystraightenthewheel onceyouhaveavoidedtheobject. Thefactthatsuchemergencysituationsarealways possibleisagoodreasontopracticedefensivedriving atalltimesandwearsafetybeltsproperly.Off-RoadRecoveryYoumayndthatyourrightwheelshavedroppedoff theedgeofaroadontotheshoulderwhileyouare driving. Iftheleveloftheshoulderisonlyslightlybelowthe pavement,recoveryshouldbefairlyeasy.Easeoffthe acceleratorandthen,ifthereisnothingintheway, steersothatyourvehiclestraddlestheedgeof thepavement.Youcanturnthesteeringwheelupto one-quarterturnuntiltherightfronttirecontacts thepavementedge.Thenturnyoursteeringwheeltogo straightdowntheroadway. 4-14

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PassingThedriverofavehicleabouttopassanotherona two-lanehighwaywaitsforjusttherightmoment, accelerates,movesaroundthevehicleahead,then goesbackintotherightlaneagain.Asimplemaneuver? Notnecessarily!Passinganothervehicleonatwo-lane highwayisapotentiallydangerousmove,sincethe passingvehicleoccupiesthesamelaneasoncoming trafficforseveralseconds.Amiscalculation,anerrorin judgment,orabriefsurrendertofrustrationoranger cansuddenlyputthepassingdriverfacetofacewiththe worstofalltrafficaccidents—thehead-oncollision. Soherearesometipsforpassing:Driveahead.Lookdowntheroad,tothesidesand tocrossroadsforsituationsthatmightaffectyour passingpatterns.Ifyouhaveanydoubtwhatsoever aboutmakingasuccessfulpass,waitfora bettertime.Watchfortrafficsigns,pavementmarkingsand lines.Ifyoucanseeasignupaheadthatmight indicateaturnoranintersection,delayyourpass. Abrokencenterlineusuallyindicatesitisall righttopass,providingtheroadaheadisclear. Nevercrossasolidlineonyoursideofthelaneor adoublesolidline,eveniftheroadseemsempty ofapproachingtraffic.Donotgettooclosetothevehicleyouwanttopass whileyouareawaitinganopportunity.Foronething, followingtoocloselyreducesyourareaofvision, especiallyifyouarefollowingalargervehicle.Also, youwillnothaveadequatespaceifthevehicle aheadsuddenlyslowsorstops.Keepbacka reasonabledistance.Whenitlookslikeachancetopassiscomingup, starttoacceleratebutstayintherightlaneanddo notgettooclose.Timeyourmovesoyouwillbe increasingspeedasthetimecomestomoveintothe otherlane.Ifthewayiscleartopass,youwillhavea runningstartthatmorethanmakesupforthe distanceyouwouldlosebydroppingback.Andif somethinghappenstocauseyoutocancelyour pass,youneedonlyslowdownanddropbackagain andwaitforanotheropportunity.Ifothervehiclesarelineduptopassaslowvehicle, waityourturn.Buttakecarethatsomeoneisnot tryingtopassyouasyoupullouttopasstheslow vehicle.Remembertoglanceoveryourshoulderand checktheblindspot. 4-15

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Checkyourmirrors,glanceoveryourshoulderand startyourleftlanechangesignalbeforemovingout oftherightlanetopass.Whenyouarefarenough aheadofthepassedvehicletoseeitsfrontinyour insidemirror,activateyourrightlanechangesignal andmovebackintotherightlane.Rememberthatif yourpassengersideoutsidemirrorisconvex,the vehicleyoujustpassedmayseemtobefartheraway fromyouthanitreallyis.Trynottopassmorethanonevehicleatatimeon two-laneroads.Reconsiderbeforepassingthenext vehicle.Donotovertakeaslowlymovingvehicletoorapidly. Eventhoughthebrakelampsarenotashing,itmay beslowingdownorstartingtoturn.Ifyouarebeingpassed,makeiteasyforthe followingdrivertogetaheadofyou.Perhapsyoucan easealittletotheright.LossofControlLetusreviewwhatdrivingexpertssayaboutwhat happenswhenthethreecontrolsystems—brakes, steering,andacceleration—donothaveenoughfriction wherethetiresmeettheroadtodowhatthedriver hasasked. Inanyemergency,donotgiveup.Keeptryingtosteer andconstantlyseekanescaperouteorareaofless danger.SkiddingInaskid,adrivercanlosecontrolofthevehicle. Defensivedriversavoidmostskidsbytakingreasonable caresuitedtoexistingconditions,andbynotoverdriving thoseconditions.Butskidsarealwayspossible. Thethreetypesofskidscorrespondtoyourvehicle’s threecontrolsystems.Inthebrakingskid,yourwheels arenotrolling.Inthesteeringorcorneringskid,toomuch speedorsteeringinacurvecausestirestoslipandlose corneringforce.Andintheaccelerationskid,toomuch throttlecausesthedrivingwheelstospin. Acorneringskidisbesthandledbyeasingyourfootoff theacceleratorpedal. 4-16

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IfyouhavetheTractionAssistSystem(TAS), remember:Ithelpsavoidonlytheaccelerationskid.See TractionAssistSystem(TAS)onpage4-9 .Ifyoudo nothavethissystem,orifthesystemisoff,then anaccelerationskidisalsobesthandledbyeasingyour footofftheacceleratorpedal. Ifyourvehiclestartstoslide,easeyourfootoffthe acceleratorpedalandquicklysteerthewayyouwant thevehicletogo.Ifyoustartsteeringquicklyenough, yourvehiclemaystraightenout.Alwaysbeready forasecondskidifitoccurs. Ofcourse,tractionisreducedwhenwater,snow,ice, gravel,orothermaterialisontheroad.Forsafety,you willwanttoslowdownandadjustyourdrivingto theseconditions.Itisimportanttoslowdownonslippery surfacesbecausestoppingdistancewillbelongerand vehiclecontrolmorelimited. Whiledrivingonasurfacewithreducedtraction,try yourbesttoavoidsuddensteering,acceleration, orbraking,includingenginebrakingbyshiftingtoa lowergear.Anysuddenchangescouldcausethetires toslide.Youmaynotrealizethesurfaceisslippery untilyourvehicleisskidding.Learntorecognizewarning clues—suchasenoughwater,ice,orpackedsnow ontheroadtomakeamirroredsurface—and slowdownwhenyouhaveanydoubt. Remember:AnyAnti-LockBrakeSystem(ABS)helps avoidonlythebrakingskid.Off-RoadDrivingThisoff-roadguideisforvehiclesthathavefour-wheel drive.Also,see Brakingonpage4-6 .Ifyourvehicle isanSSModelordoesnothavefour-wheeldrive,you shouldnotdriveoff-roadunlessyouareonalevel, solidsurface.Ifyourvehicleisequippedwith20-inch tire/wheelassemblies,donotuseyourvehiclefor off-roaddriving.See Tiresonpage5-73 Off-roaddrivingcanbegreatfun.Butitdoeshave somedenitehazards.Thegreatestoftheseis theterrainitself. “Off-roading”meansyouhaveleftthegreatNorth Americanroadsystembehind.Trafficlanesarenot marked.Curvesarenotbanked.Thereareno roadsigns.Surfacescanbeslippery,rough,uphillor downhill.Inshort,youhavegonerightbacktonature. Off-roaddrivinginvolvessomenewskills.Andthat iswhyitisveryimportantthatyoureadthisguide.You willndmanydrivingtipsandsuggestions.These willhelpmakeyouroff-roaddrivingsaferandmore enjoyable. 4-17

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Ifyouthinkyouwillneedsomemoregroundclearance atthefrontofyourvehicle,youcanremovethefront bumperlowerairdam. Thefrontbumperlowerairdamisheldinplacebya seriesofpush-pinslocatedaroundtheloweredgeofthe frontbumper.Thepush-pinsareaccessiblefrom underneaththefrontbumper.Thefollowingstepsmust beperformedoneachofthepush-pinstoremove theairdam: 1.Insertatoolintothe push-pinslotandpull downwarduntilthe push-pinsnapsloose. 4-18

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2.Whilecontinuingtopull downwardonthe push-pin,squeezeand turntheexpandable endofthepush-pin withatooluntilit releasesfromthe retainer. 3.Pullthepush-pinsand lowerdamassembly awayfromtheretainers untilthelowerdam isfree. Whenyouarebackonroads,though,besureto replacetheairdam. Notice: Operatingyourvehicleforextended periodswithoutthefrontbumperlowerairdam installedcancauseimproperairowtotheengine andmayallowthingslikefoglampsortowhooks onthefrontofyourvehicletobedamaged.Always besuretoreplacethefrontbumperairdamwhen youarenishedoff-roaddriving. 4-19

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Toreinstallthelowerairdam,dothefollowing: 1.Lineupeachpush-pin withitsintended retainerandpushthe washerportionof thepush-pintoward theretaineruntilitlocks intoplace. 2.Pushtheatendofthe push-pintowardthe retaineruntilit locksintoplace, makingsureeachis secure.BeforeYouGoOff-RoadingTherearesomethingstodobeforeyougoout.For example,besuretohaveallnecessarymaintenance andserviceworkdone.Checktomakesureall underbodyshields(ifequipped)areproperlyattached. Besureyoureadalltheinformationaboutyour four-wheel-drivevehicleinthismanual.Isthereenough fuel?Isthesparetirefullyinated?Aretheuid levelsupwheretheyshouldbe?Whatarethelocal lawsthatapplytooff-roadingwhereyouwillbedriving? Ifyoudonotknow,youshouldcheckwithlaw enforcementpeopleinthearea.Willyoubeon someone’sprivateland?Ifso,besuretogetthe necessarypermission.LoadingYourVehicleforOff-Road DrivingTherearesomeimportantthingstorememberabout howtoloadyourvehicle.Theheaviestthingsshouldbeontheloadoorand forwardofyourrearaxle.Putheavieritemsasfar forwardasyoucan.Besuretheloadissecuredproperly,sodrivingon theoff-roadterraindoesnottossthingsaround. 4-20

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{CAUTION:Cargoontheloadoorpiledhigherthan theseatbackscanbethrownforward duringasuddenstop.Youoryour passengerscouldbeinjured.Keepcargo belowthetopoftheseatbacks.Unsecuredcargoontheloadoorcanbe tossedaboutwhendrivingoverrough terrain.Youoryourpassengerscanbe struckbyyingobjects.Securethecargo properly.Heavyloadsontheroofraisethevehicle’s centerofgravity,makingitmorelikelyto rollover.Youcanbeseriouslyorfatally injuredifthevehiclerollsover.Putheavy loadsinsidethecargoarea,notonthe roof.Keepcargointhecargoareaasfar forwardandlowaspossible. Youwillndotherimportantinformationinthismanual. See LoadingYourVehicleonpage4-48 and Tires onpage5-73 .EnvironmentalConcernsOff-roaddrivingcanprovidewholesomeandsatisfying recreation.However,italsoraisesenvironmental concerns.Werecognizetheseconcernsandurgeevery off-roadertofollowthesebasicrulesforprotecting theenvironment:Alwaysuseestablishedtrails,roadsandareasthat havebeenspeciallysetasideforpublicoff-road recreationaldriving;obeyallpostedregulations.Avoidanydrivingpracticethatcoulddamagethe environment—shrubs,owers,trees,grasses—or disturbwildlife(thisincludeswheel-spinning, breakingdowntreesorunnecessarydrivingthrough streamsoroversoftground).Alwayscarryalitterbag—makesureallrefuseis removedfromanycampsitebeforeleaving.Takeextremecarewithopenres(wherepermitted), campstovesandlanterns.Neverparkyourvehicleoverdrygrassorother combustiblematerialsthatcouldcatchrefromthe heatofthevehicle’sexhaustsystem. 4-21

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TravelingtoRemoteAreasItmakessensetoplanyourtrip,especiallywhengoing toaremotearea.Knowtheterrainandplanyour route.Youaremuchlesslikelytogetbadsurprises. Getaccuratemapsoftrailsandterrain.Trytolearnof anyblockedorclosedroads. Itisalsoagoodideatotravelwithatleastoneother vehicle.Ifsomethinghappenstooneofthem,theother canhelpquickly. Doesyourvehiclehaveawinch?Ifso,besuretoread thewinchinstructions.Inaremotearea,awinch canbehandyifyougetstuck.Butyouwillwanttoknow howtouseitproperly.GettingFamiliarwithOff-RoadDrivingItisagoodideatopracticeinanareathatissafe andclosetohomebeforeyougointothewilderness. Off-roaddrivingdoesrequiresomenewanddifferent drivingskills.Hereiswhatwemean. Tuneyoursensestodifferentkindsofsignals.Your eyes,forexample,needtoconstantlysweeptheterrain forunexpectedobstacles.Yourearsneedtolisten forunusualtireorenginesounds.Withyourarms, hands,feetandbody,youwillneedtorespondto vibrationsandvehiclebounce. Controllingyourvehicleisthekeytosuccessfuloff-road driving.Oneofthebestwaystocontrolyourvehicle istocontrolyourspeed.Herearesomethingstokeep inmind.Athigherspeeds:youapproachthingsfasterandyouhavelesstime toscantheterrainforobstacles.youhavelesstimetoreact.youhavemorevehiclebouncewhenyoudriveover obstacles.youwillneedmoredistanceforbraking,especially sinceyouareonanunpavedsurface. {CAUTION:Whenyouaredrivingoff-road,bouncingand quickchangesindirectioncaneasilythrow yououtofposition.Thiscouldcauseyouto losecontrolandcrash.So,whetheryouare drivingonorofftheroad,youandyour passengersshouldwearsafetybelts. 4-22

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ScanningtheTerrainOff-roaddrivingcantakeyouovermanydifferentkinds ofterrain.Youneedtobefamiliarwiththeterrain anditsmanydifferentfeatures.Herearesomethingsto consider. SurfaceConditions: Off-roadingcantakeyouover hard-packeddirt,gravel,rocks,grass,sand,mud,snow orice.Eachofthesesurfacesaffectsthesteering, accelerationandbrakingofyourvehicleindifferent ways.Dependinguponthekindofsurfaceyouareon, youmayexperienceslipping,sliding,wheelspinning, delayedacceleration,poortractionandlongerbraking distances. SurfaceObstacles: Unseenorhiddenobstaclescan behazardous.Arock,log,hole,rutorbumpcanstartle youifyouarenotpreparedforthem.Oftenthese obstaclesarehiddenbygrass,bushes,snoworeven theriseandfalloftheterrainitself.Herearesome thingstoconsider:Isthepathaheadclear?Willthesurfacetexturechangeabruptlyupahead?Doesthetraveltakeyouuphillordownhill? Thereismorediscussionofthesesubjectslater.Willyouhavetostopsuddenlyorchangedirection quickly? Whenyoudriveoverobstaclesorroughterrain,keepa rmgriponthesteeringwheel.Ruts,troughsor othersurfacefeaturescanjerkthewheeloutofyour handsifyouarenotprepared. Whenyoudriveoverbumps,rocks,orotherobstacles, yourwheelscanleavetheground.Ifthishappens, evenwithoneortwowheels,youcannotcontrolthe vehicleaswelloratall. Becauseyouwillbeonanunpavedsurface,itis especiallyimportanttoavoidsuddenacceleration, suddenturnsorsuddenbraking. Inaway,off-roaddrivingrequiresadifferentkindof alertnessfromdrivingonpavedroadsandhighways. Therearenoroadsigns,postedspeedlimitsor signallights.Youhavetouseyourowngoodjudgment aboutwhatissafeandwhatisnot. Drinkinganddrivingcanbeverydangerousonany road.Andthisiscertainlytrueforoff-roaddriving.Atthe verytimeyouneedspecialalertnessanddriving skills,yourreexes,perceptionsandjudgmentcanbe affectedbyevenasmallamountofalcohol.You couldhaveaserious—orevenfatal—accidentifyou drinkanddriveorridewithadriverwhohasbeen drinking.See DrunkenDrivingonpage4-3 4-23

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DrivingonOff-RoadHillsOff-roaddrivingoftentakesyouup,downoracrossa hill.Drivingsafelyonhillsrequiresgoodjudgment andanunderstandingofwhatyourvehiclecanand cannotdo.Therearesomehillsthatsimplycannotbe driven,nomatterhowwellbuiltthevehicle. {CAUTION:Manyhillsaresimplytoosteepforanyvehicle. Ifyoudriveupthem,youwillstall.Ifyoudrive downthem,youcannotcontrolyourspeed.If youdriveacrossthem,youwillrollover.You couldbeseriouslyinjuredorkilled.Ifyouhave anydoubtaboutthesteepness,donotdrive thehill.ApproachingaHillWhenyouapproachahill,youneedtodecideifitis oneofthosehillsthatisjusttoosteeptoclimb,descend orcross.Steepnesscanbehardtojudge.Onavery smallhill,forexample,theremaybeasmooth,constant inclinewithonlyasmallchangeinelevationwhere youcaneasilyseeallthewaytothetop.Onalargehill, theinclinemaygetsteeperasyounearthetop,but youmaynotseethisbecausethecrestofthehill ishiddenbybushes,grassorshrubs. Herearesomeotherthingstoconsiderasyouapproach ahill.Isthereaconstantincline,ordoesthehillget sharplysteeperinplaces?Istheregoodtractiononthehillside,orwillthe surfacecausetireslipping?Isthereastraightpathupordownthehillsoyou willnothavetomaketurningmaneuvers?Arethereobstructionsonthehillthatcanblockyour path,suchasboulders,trees,logs,orruts?Whatisbeyondthehill?Isthereacliff,an embankment,adrop-off,afence?Getoutandwalk thehillifyoudonotknow.Itisthesmartwayto ndout.Isthehillsimplytoorough?Steephillsoftenhave ruts,gullies,troughsandexposedrocksbecause theyaremoresusceptibletotheeffectsoferosion. 4-24

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DrivingUphillOnceyoudecideyoucansafelydriveupthehill,you needtotakesomespecialsteps.Usealowgearandgetarmgriponthesteering wheel.Getasmoothstartupthehillandtrytomaintain yourspeed.Donotusemorepowerthanyou need,becauseyoudonotwantyourwheelstostart spinningorsliding.Trytodrivestraightupthehillifatallpossible.If thepathtwistsandturns,youmightwanttond anotherroute. {CAUTION:Turningordrivingacrosssteephillscanbe dangerous.Youcouldlosetraction,slide sideways,andpossiblyrollover.Youcouldbe seriouslyinjuredorkilled.Whendrivingup hills,alwaystrytogostraightup.Easeuponyourspeedasyouapproachthetopof thehill.Attachaagtothevehicletomakeyoumore visibletoapproachingtrafficontrailsorhills.Soundthehornasyouapproachthetopofthehill toletopposingtrafficknowyouarethere.Useyourheadlampsevenduringtheday.They makeyoumorevisibletooncomingtraffic. {CAUTION:Drivingtothetop(crest)ofahillatfullspeed cancauseanaccident.Therecouldbea drop-off,embankment,cliff,orevenanother vehicle.Youcouldbeseriouslyinjuredor killed.Asyounearthetopofahill,slowdown andstayalert. 4-25

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Q:WhatshouldIdoifmyvehiclestalls,orisabout tostall,andIcannotmakeitupthehill?A:Ifthishappens,therearesomethingsyoushould do,andtherearesomethingsyoumustnotdo. First,hereiswhatyou should do:Pushthebrakepedaltostopthevehicleandkeep itfromrollingbackwards.Also,applytheparking brake.Ifyourengineisstillrunning,shiftthetransmission toREVERSE(R),releasetheparkingbrake,and slowlybackdownthehillinREVERSE(R).Ifyourenginehasstoppedrunning,youwillneedto restartit.Withthebrakepedalpressedandthe parkingbrakestillapplied,shiftthetransmissionto PARK(P)(orshifttoNEUTRALifyourvehicle hasamanualtransmission)andrestarttheengine. Then,shifttoREVERSE(R),releasetheparking brake,andslowlybackdownthehillasstraightas possibleinREVERSE(R).Asyouarebackingdownthehill,putyourlefthand onthesteeringwheelatthe12o’clockposition. Thisway,youwillbeabletotellifyourwheelsare straightandmaneuverasyoubackdown.Itis bestthatyoubackdownthehillwithyourwheels straightratherthanintheleftorrightdirection. Turningthewheeltoofartotheleftorright willincreasethepossibilityofarollover. Herearesomethingsyou mustnot doifyoustall,or areabouttostall,whengoingupahill.Neverattempttopreventastallbyshiftinginto NEUTRAL(N)(orpressingtheclutch,ifyouhavea manualtransmission)torev-uptheengineand regainforwardmomentum.Thiswillnotwork.Your vehiclewillrollbackwardsveryquicklyandyou couldgooutofcontrol. Instead,applytheregularbraketostopthevehicle. Thenapplytheparkingbrake.Shiftto REVERSE(R),releasetheparkingbrake,and slowlybackstraightdown.Neverattempttoturnaroundifyouareaboutto stallwhengoingupahill.Ifthehillissteep enoughtostallyourvehicle,itissteepenoughto causeyoutorolloverifyouturnaround.Ifyou cannotmakeitupthehill,youmustbackstraight downthehill. 4-26

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Q:Suppose,afterstalling,Itrytobackdownthe hillanddecideIjustcannotdoit.Whatshould Ido?A:Settheparkingbrake,putyourtransmissionin PARK(P),orthemanualtransmissioninFIRST(1), andturnofftheengine.Leavethevehicleand gogetsomehelp.Exitontheuphillsideandstay clearofthepaththevehiclewouldtakeifit rolleddownhill.Donotshiftthetransfercaseto NEUTRALwhenyouleavethevehicle.Leaveitin somegear. {CAUTION:ShiftingthetransfercasetoNEUTRALcan causeyourvehicletorollevenifthe transmissionisinPARK(P)(or,ifyouhave themanualtransmission,evenifyouarein gear).ThisisbecausetheNEUTRALposition onthetransfercaseoverridesthe transmission.Youorsomeoneelsecouldbe injured.Ifyouaregoingtoleaveyourvehicle, settheparkingbrakeandshiftthe transmissiontoPARK(P)(or,putyourmanual transmissioninFIRST(1)).Butdonotshiftthe transfercasetoNEUTRAL.Leavethetransfer caseintheTwo-WheelHigh,Four-WheelHigh orFour-WheelLowposition. 4-27

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DrivingDownhillWhenoff-roadingtakesyoudownhill,youwillwantto consideranumberofthings:Howsteepisthedownhill?WillIbeabletomaintain vehiclecontrol?Whatisthesurfacelike?Smooth?Rough? Slippery?Hard-packeddirt?Gravel?Aretherehiddensurfaceobstacles?Ruts?Logs? Boulders?Whatisatthebottomofthehill?Isthereahidden creekbankorevenariverbottomwithlargerocks? Ifyoudecideyoucangodownahillsafely,thentryto keepyourvehicleheadedstraightdown,andusea lowgear.Thisway,enginedragcanhelpyourbrakes andtheywillnothavetodoallthework.Descend slowly,keepingyourvehicleundercontrolatalltimes. {CAUTION:Heavybrakingwhengoingdownahillcan causeyourbrakestooverheatandfade.This couldcauselossofcontrolandaserious accident.Applythebrakeslightlywhen descendingahillandusealowgeartokeep vehiclespeedundercontrol.Q:AretheresomethingsIshouldnotdowhen drivingdownahill?A:Yes!Theseareimportantbecauseifyouignore themyoucouldlosecontrolandhaveaserious accident.Whendrivingdownhill,avoidturnsthattakeyou acrosstheinclineofthehill.Ahillthatisnottoo steeptodrivedownmaybetoosteeptodrive across.Youcouldrolloverifyoudonotdrive straightdown.Nevergodownhillwiththetransmissionin NEUTRAL(N),orwiththeclutchpedalpressed downwithamanualtransmission.Thisiscalled “free-wheeling.”Yourbrakeswillhavetodoallthe workandcouldoverheatandfade. 4-28

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Q:AmIlikelytostallwhengoingdownhill?A:Itismuchmorelikelytohappengoinguphill.Butif ithappensgoingdownhill,hereiswhattodo. 1.Stopyourvehiclebyapplyingtheregularbrakes. Applytheparkingbrake. 2.ShifttoPARK(P),ortoNEUTRALwiththemanual transmission,and,whilestillbraking,restartthe engine. 3.Shiftbacktoalowgear,releasetheparkingbrake, anddrivestraightdown. 4.Iftheenginewillnotstart,getoutandgethelp.DrivingAcrossanInclineSoonerorlater,anoff-roadtrailwillprobablygoacross theinclineofahill.Ifthishappens,youhaveto decidewhethertotrytodriveacrosstheincline.Here aresomethingstoconsider:Ahillthatcanbedrivenstraightupordownmaybe toosteeptodriveacross.Whenyougostraightupor downahill,thelengthofthewheelbase—the distancefromthefrontwheelstotherear wheels—reducesthelikelihoodthevehiclewill tumbleendoverend.Butwhenyoudriveacrossan incline,themuchmorenarrowtrackwidth—the distancebetweentheleftandrightwheels—may notpreventthevehiclefromtiltingandrollingover. Also,drivingacrossaninclineputsmoreweighton thedownhillwheels.Thiscouldcauseadownhill slideorarollover.Surfaceconditionscanbeaproblemwhenyoudrive acrossahill.Loosegravel,muddyspots,orevenwet grasscancauseyourtirestoslipsideways,downhill. Ifthevehicleslipssideways,itcanhitsomethingthat willtripi t—arock,arut,etc.—androllover.Hiddenobstaclescanmakethesteepnessofthe inclineevenworse.Ifyoudriveacrossarockwiththe uphillwheels,orifthedownhillwheelsdropintoarut ordepression,yourvehiclecantiltevenmore. Forreasonslikethese,youneedtodecidecarefully whethertotrytodriveacrossanincline.Justbecausethe trailgoesacrosstheinclinedoesnotmeanyouhaveto driveit.Thelastvehicletotryitmighthaverolledover. {CAUTION:Drivingacrossaninclinethatistoosteepwill makeyourvehiclerollover.Youcouldbe seriouslyinjuredorkilled.Ifyouhaveany doubtaboutthesteepnessoftheincline,do notdriveacrossit.Findanotherrouteinstead. 4-29

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Q:WhatifIamdrivingacrossaninclinethatisnot toosteep,butIhitsomeloosegravelandstart toslidedownhill.WhatshouldIdo?A:Ifyoufeelyourvehiclestartingtoslidesideways, turndownhill.Thisshouldhelpstraightenoutthe vehicleandpreventthesideslipping.However, amuchbetterwaytopreventthisistogetoutand “walkthecourse”soyouknowwhatthesurface islikebeforeyoudriveit.StallingonanInclineIfyourvehiclestallswhenyouarecrossinganincline, besureyou,andanypassengers,getoutonthe uphillside,evenifthedoorthereishardertoopen.If yougetoutonthedownhillsideandthevehiclestartsto rollover,youwillberightinitspath. Ifyouhavetowalkdowntheslope,stayoutofthepath thevehiclewilltakeifitdoesrollover. {CAUTION:Gettingoutonthedownhill(low)sideofa vehiclestoppedacrossaninclineis dangerous.Ifthevehiclerollsover,youcould becrushedorkilled.Alwaysgetoutonthe uphill(high)sideofthevehicleandstaywell clearoftherolloverpath. 4-30

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DrivinginMud,Sand,SnoworIceWhenyoudriveinmud,snoworsand,yourwheelswill notgetgoodtraction.Youcannotaccelerateas quickly,turningismoredifficult,andyouwillneedlonger brakingdistances. Itisbesttousealowgearwhenyouareinmud—the deeperthemud,thelowerthegear.Inreallydeep mud,theideaistokeepyourvehiclemovingsoyoudo notgetstuck. Whenyoudriveonsand,youwillsenseachangein wheeltraction.Butitwilldependuponhowloosely packedthesandis.Onlooselypackedsand,suchas onbeachesorsanddunes,yourtireswilltendto sinkintothesand.Thishasaneffectonsteering, acceleratingandbraking.Driveatareducedspeedand avoidsharpturnsorabruptmaneuvers. Hardpackedsnowandiceoffertheworsttiretraction. Onthesesurfaces,itisveryeasytolosecontrol. Onwetice,forexample,thetractionissopoorthatyou willhavedifficultyaccelerating.Andifyoudoget moving,poorsteeringanddifficultbrakingcancause youtoslideoutofcontrol. {CAUTION:Drivingonfrozenlakes,ponds,orriverscan bedangerous.Underwatersprings,currents undertheice,orsuddenthawscanweakenthe ice.Yourvehiclecouldfallthroughtheiceand youandyourpassengerscoulddrown.Drive yourvehicleonsafesurfacesonly.DrivinginWaterHeavyraincanmeanashooding,andoodwaters demandextremecaution. Findouthowdeepthewaterisbeforeyoudrivethrough it.Ifitisdeepenoughtocoveryourwheelhubs, axlesorexhaustpipe,donottryit—youprobablywill notgetthrough.Also,waterthatdeepcandamage youraxleandothervehicleparts. 4-31

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Ifthewaterisnottoodeep,driveslowlythroughit.At fasterspeeds,watersplashesonyourignition systemandyourvehiclecanstall.Stallingcanalso occurifyougetyourtailpipeunderwater.And,aslong asyourtailpipeisunderwater,youwillneverbe abletostartyourengine.Whenyougothroughwater, rememberthatwhenyourbrakesgetwet,itmay takeyoulongertostop. {CAUTION:Drivingthroughrushingwatercanbe dangerous.Deepwatercansweepyourvehicle downstreamandyouandyourpassengers coulddrown.Ifitisonlyshallowwater,itcan stillwashawaythegroundfromunderyour tires,andyoucouldlosetractionandrollthe vehicleover.Donotdrivethroughrushing water. See DrivinginRainandonWetRoadsonpage4-34 for moreinformationondrivingthroughwater.AfterOff-RoadDrivingRemoveanybrushordebristhathascollectedonthe underbody,chassisorunderthehood.These accumulationscanbearehazard. Afteroperationinmudorsand,havethebrakelinings cleanedandchecked.Thesesubstancescancause glazingandunevenbraking.Checkthebodystructure, steering,suspension,wheels,tiresandexhaust systemfordamage.Also,checkthefuellinesand coolingsystemforanyleakage. Yourvehiclewillrequiremorefrequentservicedueto off-roaduse.RefertotheMaintenanceSchedule foradditionalinformation. 4-32

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DrivingatNightNightdrivingismoredangerousthandaydriving. Onereasonisthatsomedriversarelikelytobe impaired—byalcoholordrugs,withnightvision problems,orbyfatigue. Herearesometipsonnightdriving.Drivedefensively.Donotdrinkanddrive.Adjusttheinsiderearviewmirrortoreducetheglare fromheadlampsbehindyou.Sinceyoucannotseeaswell,youmayneedto slowdownandkeepmorespacebetweenyou andothervehicles.Slowdown,especiallyonhigherspeedroads.Your vehicle’sheadlampscanlightuponlysomuchroad ahead.Inremoteareas,watchforanimals.Ifyouaretired,pullofftheroadinasafeplace andrest. Noonecanseeaswellatnightasinthedaytime.But aswegetolderthesedifferencesincrease.A 50-year-olddrivermayrequireatleasttwiceasmuch lighttoseethesamethingatnightasa20-year-old. Whatyoudointhedaytimecanalsoaffectyour nightvision.Forexample,ifyouspendthedayinbright sunshineyouarewisetowearsunglasses.Your eyeswillhavelesstroubleadjustingtonight.Butifyou aredriving,donotwearsunglassesatnight.They maycutdownonglarefromheadlamps,buttheyalso makealotofthingsinvisible. 4-33

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Youcanbetemporarilyblindedbyapproaching headlamps.Itcantakeasecondortwo,orevenseveral seconds,foryoureyestore-adjusttothedark.When youarefacedwithsevereglare,asfromadriver whodoesnotlowerthehighbeams,oravehiclewith misaimedheadlamps,slowdownalittle.Avoid staringdirectlyintotheapproachingheadlamps. Keepthewindshieldandalltheglassonyourvehicle clean—insideandout.Glareatnightismade muchworsebydirtontheglass.Eventheinsideofthe glasscanbuildupalmcausedbydust.Dirtyglass makeslightsdazzleandashmorethanclean glasswould,makingthepupilsofyoureyescontract repeatedly. Rememberthattheheadlampslightupfarlessofa roadwaywhenyouareinaturnorcurve.Keep youreyesmoving;thatway,itiseasiertopickoutdimly lightedobjects.Justastheheadlampsshouldbe checkedregularlyforproperaim,soshouldyoureyes beexaminedregularly.Somedriverssufferfrom nightblindness—theinabilitytoseeindimlight—and arenotevenawareofit.DrivinginRainandonWetRoadsRainandwetroadscanmeandrivingtrouble.Onawet road,youcannotstop,accelerate,orturnaswell becauseyourtire-to-roadtractionisnotasgoodason dryroads.And,ifyourtiresdonothavemuchtread left,youwillgetevenlesstraction.Itisalwayswiseto goslowerandbecautiousifrainstartstofallwhile youaredriving.Thesurfacemaygetwetsuddenlywhen yourreexesaretunedfordrivingondrypavement. 4-34

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Theheaviertherain,theharderitistosee.Evenifyour windshieldwiperbladesareingoodshape,aheavy raincanmakeithardertoseeroadsignsand trafficsignals,pavementmarkings,theedgeoftheroad, andevenpeoplewalking. Itiswisetokeepyourwipingequipmentingoodshape andkeepyourwindshieldwasheruidreservoirlled withwasheruid.Replaceyourwindshieldwiperinserts whentheyshowsignsofstreakingormissingareas onthewindshield,orwhenstripsofrubberstart toseparatefromtheinserts. {CAUTION:Wetbrakescancauseaccidents.Theywillnot workaswellinaquickstopandmaycause pullingtooneside.Youcouldlosecontrolof thevehicle. Afterdrivingthroughalargepuddleofwater oracarwash,applyyourbrakepedallightly untilyourbrakesworknormally. Drivingtoofastthroughlargewaterpuddlesoreven goingthroughsomecarwashescancauseproblems, too.Thewatermayaffectyourbrakes.Trytoavoid puddles.Butifyoucannot,trytoslowdownbeforeyou hitthem.HydroplaningHydroplaningisdangerous.Somuchwatercanbuildup underyourtiresthattheycanactuallyrideonthe water.Thiscanhappeniftheroadiswetenoughand youaregoingfastenough.Whenyourvehicleis hydroplaning,ithaslittleornocontactwiththeroad. Hydroplaningdoesnothappenoften.Butitcanifyour tiresdonothavemuchtreadorifthepressurein oneormoreislow.Itcanhappenifalotofwateris standingontheroad.Ifyoucanseereections fromtrees,telephonepoles,orothervehicles,and raindropsdimplethewater’ssurface,therecouldbe hydroplaning. Hydroplaningusuallyhappensathigherspeeds.There justisnotahardandfastruleabouthydroplaning. Thebestadviceistoslowdownwhenitisraining. 4-35

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DrivingThroughDeepStandingWaterNotice: Ifyoudrivetooquicklythroughdeep puddlesorstandingwater,watercancomein throughyourengine’sairintakeandbadlydamage yourengine.Neverdrivethroughwaterthatis slightlylowerthantheunderbodyofyourvehicle.If youcannotavoiddeeppuddlesorstandingwater, drivethroughthemveryslowly.DrivingThroughFlowingWater {CAUTION:Flowingorrushingwatercreatesstrongforces. Ifyoutrytodrivethroughowingwater,asyou mightatalowwatercrossing,yourvehiclecan becarriedaway.Aslittleassixinchesof owingwatercancarryawayasmallervehicle. Ifthishappens,youandothervehicle occupantscoulddrown.Donotignorepolice warningsigns,andotherwisebeverycautious abouttryingtodrivethroughowingwater.SomeOtherRainyWeatherTipsTurnonyourlow-beamheadlamps—notjustyour parkinglamps—tohelpmakeyoumorevisibleto others.Besidesslowingdown,allowsomeextrafollowing distance.Andbeespeciallycarefulwhenyou passanothervehicle.Allowyourselfmoreclear roomahead,andbepreparedtohaveyour viewrestrictedbyroadspray.Havegoodtireswithpropertreaddepth.See Tires onpage5-73 4-36

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CityDrivingOneofthebiggestproblemswithcitystreetsisthe amountoftrafficonthem.Youwillwanttowatchoutfor whattheotherdriversaredoingandpayattentionto trafficsignals. Herearewaystoincreaseyoursafetyincitydriving:Knowthebestwaytogettowhereyouare going.Getacitymapandplanyourtripinto anunknownpartofthecityjustasyouwouldfora cross-countrytrip.Trytousethefreewaysthatrimandcrisscross mostlargecities.Youwillsavetimeandenergy. See FreewayDrivingonpage4-38 .Treatagreenlightasawarningsignal.Atraffic lightistherebecausethecornerisbusyenough toneedit.Whenalightturnsgreen,andjustbefore youstarttomove,checkbothwaysforvehicles thathavenotclearedtheintersectionormay berunningtheredlight. 4-37

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FreewayDrivingMileformile,freeways—alsocalledthruways,parkways, expressways,turnpikes,orsuperhighways—arethe safestofallroads.Buttheyhavetheirownspecialrules. Themostimportantadviceonfreewaydrivingis:Keep upwithtrafficandkeeptotheright.Driveatthe samespeedmostoftheotherdriversaredriving. Too-fastortoo-slowdrivingbreaksasmoothtrafficow. Treattheleftlaneonafreewayasapassinglane. Attheentrance,thereisusuallyarampthatleadstothe freeway.Ifyouhaveaclearviewofthefreewayasyou drivealongtheentranceramp,youshouldbegintocheck traffic.Trytodeterminewhereyouexpecttoblendwith theow.Trytomergeintothegapatclosetothe prevailingspeed.Switchonyourturnsignal,checkyour mirrors,andglanceoveryourshoulderasoftenas necessary.Trytoblendsmoothlywiththetrafficow. Onceyouareonthefreeway,adjustyourspeedtothe postedlimitortotheprevailingrateifitisslower. Stayintherightlaneunlessyouwanttopass. Beforechanginglanes,checkyourmirrors.Thenuse yourturnsignal. Justbeforeyouleavethelane,glancequicklyoveryour shouldertomakesurethereisnotanothervehiclein yourblindspot. Onceyouaremovingonthefreeway,makecertainyou allowareasonablefollowingdistance.Expectto moveslightlysloweratnight. 4-38

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Whenyouwanttoleavethefreeway,movetothe properlanewellinadvance.Ifyoumissyourexit,do not,underanycircumstances,stopandbackup.Drive ontothenextexit. Theexitrampcanbecurved,sometimesquitesharply. Theexitspeedisusuallyposted. Reduceyourspeedaccordingtoyourspeedometer,not toyoursenseofmotion.Afterdrivingforanydistance athigherspeeds,youmaytendtothinkyouare goingslowerthanyouactuallyare.BeforeLeavingonaLongTripMakesureyouareready.Trytobewellrested.Ifyou muststartwhenyouarenotfresh—suchasafter aday’swork—donotplantomaketoomanymilesthat rstpartofthejourney.Wearcomfortableclothing andshoesyoucaneasilydrivein. Isyourvehiclereadyforalongtrip?Ifyoukeepit servicedandmaintained,itisreadytogo.Ifitneeds service,haveitdonebeforestartingout.Ofcourse,you willndexperiencedandableserviceexpertsinGM dealershipsallacrossNorthAmerica.Theywillbeready andwillingtohelpifyouneedit. Herearesomethingsyoucancheckbeforeatrip:WindshieldWasherFluid: Isthereservoirfull?Are allwindowscleaninsideandoutside?WiperBlades: Aretheyingoodshape?Fuel,EngineOil,OtherFluids: Haveyouchecked alllevels?Lamps: Aretheyallworking?Arethelensesclean?Tires: Theyarevitallyimportanttoasafe, trouble-freetrip.Isthetreadgoodenoughfor long-distancedriving?Arethetiresallinatedtothe recommendedpressure?WeatherForecasts: Whatistheweatheroutlook alongyourroute?Shouldyoudelayyourtripa shorttimetoavoidamajorstormsystem?Maps: Doyouhaveup-to-datemaps? 4-39

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HighwayHypnosisIsthereactuallysuchaconditionashighwayhypnosis? Orisitjustplainfallingasleepatthewheel?Callit highwayhypnosis,lackofawareness,orwhatever. Thereissomethingaboutaneasystretchofroadwith thesamescenery,alongwiththehumofthetiresonthe road,thedroneoftheengine,andtherushofthe windagainstthevehiclethatcanmakeyousleepy.Do notletithappentoyou!Ifitdoes,yourvehiclecan leavetheroadinlessthanasecond,andyoucould crashandbeinjured. Whatcanyoudoabouthighwayhypnosis?First,be awarethatitcanhappen. Thenherearesometips:Makesureyourvehicleiswellventilated,witha comfortablycoolinterior.Keepyoureyesmoving.Scantheroadaheadand tothesides.Checkyourmirrorsandyour instrumentsfrequently.Ifyougetsleepy,pullofftheroadintoarest, service,orparkingareaandtakeanap,getsome exercise,orboth.Forsafety,treatdrowsiness onthehighwayasanemergency.HillandMountainRoadsDrivingonsteephillsormountainsisdifferentfrom drivinginatorrollingterrain. Ifyoudriveregularlyinsteepcountry,orifyouare planningtovisitthere,herearesometipsthatcanmake yourtripssaferandmoreenjoyable.See Off-Road Drivingonpage4-17 forinformationaboutdriving off-road. 4-40

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Keepyourvehicleingoodshape.Checkalluid levelsandalsothebrakes,tires,coolingsystem, andtransmission.Thesepartscanworkhard onmountainroads. {CAUTION:Ifyoudonotshiftdown,yourbrakescouldget sohotthattheywouldnotworkwell.You wouldthenhavepoorbrakingorevennone goingdownahill.Youcouldcrash.Shiftdown toletyourengineassistyourbrakesona steepdownhillslope. {CAUTION:CoastingdownhillinNEUTRAL(N)orwiththe ignitionoffisdangerous.Yourbrakeswillhave todoalltheworkofslowingdown.Theycould getsohotthattheywouldnotworkwell.You wouldthenhavepoorbrakingorevennone goingdownahill.Youcouldcrash.Always haveyourenginerunningandyourvehiclein gearwhenyougodownhill.Knowhowtogodownhills.Themostimportant thingtoknowisthis:letyourenginedosomeof theslowingdown.Shifttoalowergearwhenyougo downasteeporlonghill.Knowhowtogouphill.Youmaywanttoshiftdownto alowergear.Thelowergearshelpcoolyourengine andtransmission,andyoucanclimbthehillbetter.Stayinyourownlanewhendrivingontwo-lane roadsinhillsormountains.Donotswingwideorcut acrossthecenteroftheroad.Driveatspeedsthatlet youstayinyourownlane.Asyougooverthetopofahill,bealert.Therecould besomethinginyourlane,likeastalledcaroran accident.Youmayseehighwaysignsonmountainsthatwarn ofspecialproblems.Examplesarelonggrades, passingorno-passingzones,afallingrocksarea,or windingroads.Bealerttotheseandtakeappropriate action. 4-41

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WinterDrivingHerearesometipsforwinterdriving:Haveyourvehicleingoodshapeforwinter.Youmaywanttoputwinteremergencysuppliesin yourvehicle. Alsosee Tiresonpage5-73 Includeanicescraper,asmallbrushorbroom,a supplyofwindshieldwasheruid,arag,somewinter outerclothing,asmallshovel,aashlight,ared cloth,andreectivewarningtriangles.And,ifyouwillbe drivingundersevereconditions,includeasmallbag ofsand,apieceofoldcarpet,oracoupleofburlapbags tohelpprovidetraction.Besureyouproperlysecure theseitemsinyourvehicle.DrivingonSnoworIceMostofthetime,thoseplaceswherethetiresmeetthe roadprobablyhavegoodtraction. However,ifthereissnoworicebetweenthetiresand theroad,youcanhaveaveryslipperysituation.Youwill havealotlesstraction,orgrip,andwillneedtobe verycareful. 4-42

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Whatistheworsttimeforthis?Wetice.Verycoldsnow oricecanbeslickandhardtodriveon.Butwetice canbeevenmoretroublebecauseitmayoffertheleast tractionofall.Youcangetweticewhenitisabout freezing,32F(0C),andfreezingrainbeginstofall.Try toavoiddrivingonweticeuntilsaltandsandcrews cangetthere. Whateverthecondition—smoothice,packed,blowing, orloosesnow—drivewithcaution. IfyouhavetheTractionAssistSystem(TAS),itwill improveyourabilitytoacceleratewhendrivingon aslipperyroad.ButyoucanturntheTASoffifyouever needto.YoushouldturntheTASoffifyourvehicle evergetsstuckinsand,mud,ice,orsnow.See IfYour VehicleisStuckinSand,Mud,IceorSnowon page4-46 .EventhoughyourvehiclehasTAS,youwill wanttoslowdownandadjustyourdrivingtothe roadconditions.Undercertainconditions,youmaywant toturntheTASoff,suchaswhendrivingthrough deepsnowandloosegravel,tohelpmaintainvehicle motionatlowerspeeds.See TractionAssistSystem (TAS)onpage4-9 IfyoudonothaveTAS,accelerategently.Trynotto breakthefragiletraction.Ifyouacceleratetoofast,the drivewheelswillspinandpolishthesurfaceunder thetiresevenmore. 4-43

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YourAnti-LockBrakeSystem(ABS)improvesyour vehicle’sstabilitywhenyoumakeahardstopon aslipperyroad.EventhoughyouhaveABS,youwill wanttobeginstoppingsoonerthanyouwouldon drypavement.See Anti-LockBrakeSystem(ABS)on page4-7 .Allowgreaterfollowingdistanceonanyslipperyroad.Watchforslipperyspots.Theroadmightbeneuntil youhitaspotthatiscoveredwithice.Onan otherwiseclearroad,icepatchesmayappearin shadedareaswherethesuncannotreach,suchas aroundclumpsoftrees,behindbuildings,orunder bridges.Sometimesthesurfaceofacurveoran overpassmayremainicywhenthesurrounding roadsareclear.Ifyouseeapatchoficeaheadof you,brakebeforeyouareonit.Trynottobrakewhile youareactuallyontheice,andavoidsudden steeringmaneuvers.IfYouAreCaughtinaBlizzardIfyouarestoppedbyheavysnow,youcouldbeina serioussituation.Youshouldprobablystaywith yourvehicleunlessyouknowforsurethatyouarenear helpandyoucanhikethroughthesnow. Herearesomethingstodotosummonhelpandkeep yourselfandyourpassengerssafe:Turnonyourhazardashers.Tiearedclothtoyourvehicletoalertpolicethat youhavebeenstoppedbythesnow.Putonextraclothingorwrapablanketaroundyou. Ifyoudonothaveblanketsorextraclothing,make bodyinsulatorsfromnewspapers,burlapbags, rags,oormats—anythingyoucanwraparound yourselfortuckunderyourclothingtokeepwarm. 4-44

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Youcanruntheenginetokeepwarm,butbecareful. {CAUTION:Snowcantrapexhaustgasesunderyour vehicle.ThiscancausedeadlyCO(carbon monoxide)gastogetinside.COcould overcomeyouandkillyou.Youcannotseeit orsmellit,soyoumightnotknowitisinyour vehicle.Clearawaysnowfromaroundthe baseofyourvehicle,especiallyanythatis blockingyourexhaustpipe.Andcheckaround againfromtimetotimetobesuresnowdoes notcollectthere. Openawindowjustalittleonthesideofthe vehiclethatisawayfromthewind.Thiswill helpkeepCOout. Runyourengineonlyaslongasyoumust.Thissaves fuel.Whenyouruntheengine,makeitgoalittle fasterthanjustidle.Thatis,pushtheaccelerator slightly.Thisuseslessfuelfortheheatthatyougetand itkeepsthebatterycharged.Youwillneeda well-chargedbatterytorestartthevehicle,andpossibly forsignalinglateronwithyourheadlamps.Letthe heaterrunforawhile. Then,shuttheengineoffandclosethewindowalmost allthewaytopreservetheheat.Starttheengine againandrepeatthisonlywhenyoufeelreally uncomfortablefromthecold.Butdoitaslittleas possible.Preservethefuelaslongasyoucan.Tohelp keepwarm,youcangetoutofthevehicleanddo somefairlyvigorousexerciseseveryhalfhourorsountil helpcomes. 4-45

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IfYourVehicleisStuckinSand, Mud,IceorSnowInordertofreeyourvehiclewhenitisstuck,youwill needtospinthewheels,butyoudonotwantto spinyourwheelstoofast.Themethodknownasrocking canhelpyougetoutwhenyouarestuck,butyou mustusecaution. {CAUTION:Ifyouletyourtiresspinathighspeed,theycan explode,andyouorotherscouldbeinjured. And,thetransmissionorotherpartsofthe vehiclecanoverheat.Thatcouldcausean enginecompartmentreorotherdamage. Whenyouarestuck,spinthewheelsaslittleas possible.Donotspinthewheelsabove35mph (55km/h)asshownonthespeedometer. Notice: Spinningyourwheelscandestroypartsof yourvehicleaswellasthetires.Ifyouspinthe wheelstoofastwhileshiftingyourtransmission backandforth,youcandestroyyourtransmission. Formoreinformationaboutusingtirechainsonyour vehicle,see TireChainsonpage5-91 .RockingYourVehicletoGetItOutFirst,turnyoursteeringwheelleftandright.That willcleartheareaaroundyourfrontwheels.Ifyouhave afour-wheel-drivevehicle,shiftintoFour-Wheel High.Ifyourvehiclehasthetractionassistsystem,you shouldturnitoffbypressingtheTASon/offbutton. ThenshiftbackandforthbetweenREVERSE(R)anda forwardgear,orwithamanualtransmission,between FIRST(1)orSECOND(2)andREVERSE(R),spinning thewheelsaslittleaspossible.Releasetheaccelerator pedalwhileyoushift,andpresslightlyonthe acceleratorpedalwhenthetransmissionisingear.By slowlyspinningyourwheelsintheforwardand reversedirections,youwillcausearockingmotionthat mayfreeyourvehicle.Ifthatdoesnotgetyouout afterafewtries,youmayneedtobetowedout.Ifyour vehicleisnotanSSmodel,youcanuseyourrecovery hooksifyourvehiclehasthem.Ifyoudoneedto betowedout,see TowingYourVehicleonpage4-61 4-46

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RecoveryHooks(ExceptSSModel)Notice: SSModelshaverecoveryhooksthatare concealedbythefrontbumpertrimcovering.Useof therecoveryhookscouldcausedamagetoyour vehicle.IfyouhavetheSSModel,donotuse therecoveryhooks. {CAUTION:Thesehooks,whenused,areunderalotof force.Alwayspullthevehiclestraightout. Neverpullonthehooksatasidewaysangle. Thehookscouldbreakoffandyouorothers couldbeinjuredfromthechainorcable snappingback. Notice: Neveruserecoveryhookstotowthe vehicle.Yourvehiclecouldbedamagedanditwould notbecoveredbywarranty. Yourvehiclemayhaverecoveryhooksatthefrontof thevehicle.Youmayneedtousethemifyouarestuck off-roadandneedtobepulledtosomeplacewhere youcancontinuedriving. 4-47

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LoadingYourVehicleItisveryimportanttoknowhowmuchweightyour vehiclecancarry.Thisweightiscalledthevehicle capacityweightandincludestheweightofalloccupants, cargo,andallnonfactory-installedoptions.Twolabels onyourvehicleshowhowmuchweightitwasdesigned tocarry,theTireandLoadingInformationlabeland theCertication/Tirelabel. {CAUTION:Donotloadyourvehicleanyheavierthanthe GrossVehicleWeightRating(GVWR),oreither themaximumfrontorrearGrossAxleWeight Rating(GAWR).Ifyoudo,partsonyour vehiclecanbreak,anditcanchangetheway yourvehiclehandles.Thesecouldcauseyou tolosecontrolandcrash.Also,overloading canshortenthelifeofyourvehicle.TireandLoadingInformationLabelAvehiclespecicTireandLoadingInformationlabelis attachedtothecenterpillar(B-pillar).Withthedriver’s dooropen,youwillndthelabelattachedbelow thedoorlockpost(striker).Thetireandloading informationlabelshowsthenumberofoccupantseating positions(A),andthemaximumvehiclecapacity weight(B)inkilogramsandpounds. LabelExample 4-48

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TheTireandLoadingInformationlabelalsoshowsthe sizeoftheoriginalequipmenttires(C)andthe recommendedcoldtireinationpressures(D).Formore informationontiresandinationsee Tiresonpage5-73 and Ination-TirePressureonpage5-80 Thereisalsoimportantloadinginformationonthe vehicleCertication/Tirelabel.IttellsyoutheGross VehicleWeightRating(GVWR)andtheGross AxleWeightRating(GAWR)forthefrontandrearaxles. See“Certication/TireLabel”laterinthissection.StepsforDeterminingCorrectLoadLimit1.Locatethestatement“Thecombinedweightof occupantsandcargoshouldneverexceed XXXkgorXXXlbs”onyourvehicle’splacard. 2.Determinethecombinedweightofthedriverand passengersthatwillberidinginyourvehicle. 3.Subtractthecombinedweightofthedriverand passengersfromXXXkgorXXXlbs. 4.Theresultinggureequalstheavailableamountof cargoandluggageloadcapacity.Forexample,if the“XXX”amountequals1400lbsandtherewillbe ve150lbpassengersinyourvehicle,theamount ofavailablecargoandluggageloadcapacityis 650lbs(1400 Š 750(5x150)=650lbs). 5.Determinethecombinedweightofluggageand cargobeingloadedonthevehicle.Thatweight maynotsafelyexceedtheavailablecargo andluggageloadcapacitycalculatedinStep4. 6.Ifyourvehiclewillbetowingatrailer,theloadfrom yourtrailerwillbetransferredtoyourvehicle. Consultthismanualtodeterminehowthisreduces theavailablecargoandluggageloadcapacityof yourvehicle.See TowingaTraileronpage4-67 for importantinformationontowingatrailer,towing safetyrulesandtraileringtips. 4-49

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ItemDescriptionTotal A VehicleCapacityWeight forExample1 = 1,000lbs(453kg) B SubtractOccupant Weight150lbs (68kg) 2 = 300lbs(136kg) C AvailableOccupantand CargoWeight = 700lbs(317kg) ItemDescriptionTotal A VehicleCapacityWeight forExample2 = 1,000lbs(453kg) B SubtractOccupant Weight150lbs (68kg) 5 = 750lbs(136kg) C AvailableCargo Weight = 250lbs(113kg) Example1 Example2 4-50

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ItemDescriptionTotal A VehicleCapacityWeight forExample3 = 1,000lbs(453kg) B SubtractOccupant Weight200lbs (91kg) 5 = 1000lbs(453kg) C AvailableCargo Weight = 0lbs(0kg) Refertoyourvehicle’stireandloadinginformationlabel forspecicinformationaboutyourvehicle’scapacity weightandseatingpositions.Thecombinedweightof thedriver,passengers,andcargoshouldnever exceedyourvehicle’scapacityweight.Certication/TireLabelAvehiclespecicCertication/Tirelabelisfoundonthe rearedgeofthedriver’sdoor.Thelabelshowsthe sizeofyourvehicle’soriginaltiresandtheination pressuresneededtoobtainthegrossweightcapacityof yourvehicle.ThisiscalledGrossVehicleWeight Rating(GVWR).TheGVWRincludestheweightofthe vehicle,alloccupants,fuel,andcargo. Example3 4-51

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TheCertication/Tirelabelalsotellsyouthemaximum weightsforthefrontandrearaxles,calledGross AxleWeightRating(GAWR).Tondouttheactualloads onyourfrontandrearaxles,youneedtogotoa weighstationandweighyourvehicle.Yourdealercan helpyouwiththis.Besuretospreadoutyourload equallyonbothsidesofthecenterline. NeverexceedtheGVWRforyourvehicle,ortheGAWR foreitherthefrontorrearaxle. TheCertication/Tirelabelalsocontainsimportant informationaboutyourFrontAxleReserveCapacity. See“Whatisfrontaxlereservecapacity,andhowdoI calculateit?”under AddingaSnowPloworSimilar Equipmentonpage4-54 {CAUTION:Inthecaseofasuddenstoporcollision, thingscarriedinthebedofyourtruckcould shiftforwardandcomeintothepassenger area,injuringyouandothers.Ifyouputthings inthebedofyourtruck,youshouldmakesure theyareproperlysecured. {CAUTION:Donotloadyourvehicleanyheavierthanthe GrossVehicleWeightRating(GVWR),oreither themaximumfrontorrearGrossAxleWeight Rating(GAWR).Ifyoudo,partsonyour vehiclecanbreak,anditcanchangetheway yourvehiclehandles.Thesecouldcauseyou tolosecontrolandcrash.Also,overloading canshortenthelifeofyourvehicle. Notice: Overloadingyourvehiclemaycause damage.Repairswouldnotbecoveredbyyour warranty.Donotoverloadyourvehicle. Usingheaviersuspensioncomponentstogetadded durabilitymightnotchangeyourweightratings.Askyour dealertohelpyouloadyourvehicletherightway. 4-52

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Ifyouputthingsinsideyourvehicle—likesuitcases, tools,packages,oranythingelse—theygoasfast asthevehiclegoes.Ifyouhavetostoporturnquickly, orifthereisacrash,theywillkeepgoing. {CAUTION:Thingsyouputinsideyourvehiclecanstrike andinjurepeopleinasuddenstoporturn,or inacrash.Putthingsinthecargoareaofyour vehicle.Trytospreadtheweightevenly.Neverstackheavierthings,likesuitcases, insidethevehiclesothatsomeofthem areabovethetopsoftheseats.Donotleaveanunsecuredchildrestraint inyourvehicle.Whenyoucarrysomethinginsidethe vehicle,secureitwheneveryoucan.Donotleaveaseatfoldeddownunless youneedto. Thereisalsoimportantloadinginformationforoff-road drivinginthismanual.See“LoadingYourVehicle forOff-RoadDriving“under Off-RoadDrivingon page4-17 .Two-TieredLoadingBypositioningfour2inches(5cm)by6inches(15cm) woodenplanksacrossthewidthofthepickupbox, youcancreateanupperloadplatform.Theplanksmust beinsertedinthepickupboxdepressions.Thelength oftheplanksmustallowforatleasta3/4inch (2cm)bearingsurfaceoneachendoftheplank. Whenusingthisupperloadplatform,besuretheloadis securelytieddowntopreventitfromshifting.The load’scenterofgravityshouldbepositionedinazone overtherearaxle.Thezoneislocatedinthearea betweenthefrontofeachwheelwellandtherearof eachwheelwell.Thecenterofgravityheightmustnot extendabovethetopofthepickupboxareboard. Anyloadthatextendsbeyondthevehicle’staillamparea mustbeproperlymarkedaccordingtolocallawsand regulations. RemembernottoexceedtheGrossAxleWeightRating (GAWR)ofthefrontorrearaxle. 4-53

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Add-OnEquipmentWhenyoucarryremovableitems,youmayneedtoput alimitonhowmanypeopleyoucarryinsideyour vehicle.Besuretoweighyourvehiclebeforeyoubuy andinstallthenewequipment. Notice: Overloadingyourvehiclemaycause damage.Repairswouldnotbecoveredbyyour warranty.Donotoverloadyourvehicle. RemembernottoexceedtheGrossAxleWeightRating (GAWR)ofthefrontorrearaxle. *EquipmentMaximumWeight LadderRackandCargo750lbs(340kg) CrossToolboxandCargo400lbs(181kg) SideBoxesandCargo250lbsperside (113kgperside) *Thecombinedweightforallrail-mountedequipment shouldnotexceed1,000lbs(454kg),excluded 1500crewcabmodelswith5ft8in(173cm)box length.Areinforcementkitforrail-mountedadd-on equipmentisrecommended.Seeyourdealer. Ladderracksarenotrecommendedfor1500crew cabmodelswith5ft8in(173cm)pick-upboxlength. Maximumrecommendedcross-mountedtoolboxand cargoweightis300lbs(136kg)forthe1500crew cabwith5ft8in(173cm)pick-upboxlength.AddingaSnowPloworSimilar EquipmentBeforeinstallingasnowplowonyourvehicle,hereare somethingsyouwillneedtoknow: Notice: Ifyourvehicledoesnothavethesnow plowpreppackage,addingaplowcandamageyour vehicle,andtherepairswouldnotbecoveredby warranty.Unlessyourvehiclewasbuilttocarry asnowplow,donotaddonetoyourvehicle.Ifyour vehiclehasthesnowplowoptioncalledRPOVYU (snowplowpreppackage),thenthepayload yourvehiclecancarrywillbereducedwhenasnow plowisinstalled.Yourvehiclecanbedamagedif eitherthefrontorrearaxleratingsorthegross vehicleweight(GVW)areexceeded.Q:HowdoIknowifmyvehiclecanhandlea snowplow?A:Somevehiclesarebuiltwithaspecialpackage, calledRPOVYU(snowplowpreppackage).If yourvehiclehasthisoption,youcanaddaplowto it,providedcertainweights,suchastheweights onthevehicle’saxlesandtheGVW,arenot exceeded. 4-54

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Q:Howheavycanasnowplowsafelybe?A:Theplowyourvehiclecancarrydependsonmany things,suchas:Theoptionsyourvehiclecamewith,andtheweight ofthoseoptions.Theweightandnumberofpassengersyouintend tocarry.Theweightofitemsyouhaveaddedtoyour vehicle,likeatoolboxortruckcap.Thetotalweightofanyadditionalcargoyouintend tocarry. Say,forexample,youhavea700lb(318kg)snow plow.Thetotalweightofalloccupantsandcargoinside thecabshouldnotexceed300lb(135kg).This meansthatyoumayonlybeabletocarryone passenger.But,eventhismaybetoomuchifyouhave gototherequipmentalreadyaddingtotheweightof yourvehicle. Herearesomeguidelinesforsafelycarryingasnow plowonyourvehicle:Makesuretheweightonthefrontandrearaxles doesnotexceedtheaxleratingforeach.Forthefrontaxle,ifmorecargoorpassengers mustbecarried,appropriatecounterballastmustbe installedrearoftherearaxle.Counterballast mustbeproperlysecuredsoitwillnotmoveduring driving.Followthesnowplowmanufacturer’s recommendationsregardingrearballast.Rear ballastmayberequiredtoensureaproperfrontand rearweightdistributionratio,eventhoughthe actualweightatthefrontaxlemaybelessthanthe frontaxlerating.Thesnowplowmanufacturerorinstallercanassist youindeterminingtheamountofrearballast required,tohelpmakesureyoursnowplow/vehicle combinationdoesnotexceedtheGVWrating, thefrontandrearaxleratings,andthefrontand rearweightdistributionratio.ThetotalvehiclemustnotexceedtheGVWrating. 4-55

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Q:Whatisfrontaxlereservecapacity,andhowdo Icalculateit?A:Frontaxlereservecapacityisthedifference betweenyourfrontgrossaxleweightrating(GAWR) andthefrontaxleweightofyourvehiclewithfull fuelandpassengers.Basically,itistheamountof weightyoucanaddtoyourfrontaxlebefore reachingyourfrontGAWR. Thefrontaxlereservecapacityforyourvehiclecanbe foundinthelowerrightcorneroftheCertication/Tire label,asshown. Inordertocalculatetheamountofweightanyfront accessory,suchasasnowplow,isaddingtothefront axle,usethefollowingformula: (Wx(A+W.B.))/W.B.=Weighttheaccessoryisadding tothefrontaxle. Where: W=Weightofaddedaccessory A=Distancethattheaccessoryisinfrontofthefrontaxle W.B.=VehicleWheelbase UnitedStates Canada 4-56

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Forexample,addinga700lb(318kg)snowplowactually addsmorethan700lbs(318kg)tothefrontaxle.Using theformula,ifthesnowplowis4ft(122cm)infrontofthe frontaxleandthewheelbaseis10ft(305cm),then: W=700lb(318kg) A=4ft(122cm) W.B.=10ft(305cm) (Wx(A+W.B.))/W.B.=(700x(4+10))/10=980lbs (445kg) So,ifyourtruck’sfrontaxlereservecapacityismore than980lbs(445kg),youcouldaddthesnowplow withoutexceedingthefrontGAWR.Q:WhatifIwanttoaddheavierequipmenttomy vehicle?A:Youcanaddheavierequipmentonthefrontofthe vehicleifyoucompensateforitbycarryingfewer passengers,lesscargo,orbypositioningcargo towardstherear.Thishastheeffectofreducingthe loadonthefront.However,thefrontGAWR,rear GAWRandthegrossvehicleweightrating(GVWR) mustneverbeexceeded. {CAUTION:Onsomevehiclesequippedwithcertainfront mountedequipment,suchasasnowplow,it maybepossibletoloadthefrontaxletothe frontGAWRbutnothaveenoughweighton therearaxletohaveproperbraking performance.Ifyourbrakescannotwork properly,youcouldhaveacrash.Tohelpyour brakesworkproperlywhenasnowplowis installed,alwaysfollowthesnowplow manufacturerorinstaller’srecommendationfor rearballasttoensureaproperfrontandrear weightdistributionratio,eventhoughthe actualfrontweightmaybelessthanthefront GAWR,andthetotalvehicleweightisless thantheGVWR.Maintainingaproperfrontand rearweightdistributionratioisnecessaryto provideproperbrakingperformance. 4-57

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Q:Whatistotalvehiclereservecapacity?A:ThisisthedifferencebetweenyourGVWRandthe weightofyourtruckwithfullfuelandpassengers.It istheamountofweightyoucanaddtoyour vehiclebeforereachingyourGVWR.Keepinmind thatreservecapacitynumbersareintendedas aguidewhenselectingtheamountofequipmentor cargoyourtruckcancarry.Ifyouareunsureof yourvehicle’sfront,rear,ortotalweight,go toaweighstationandweighyourvehicle.Your dealercanalsohelpyouwiththis. Thetotalvehiclereservecapacityforyourvehicle canbefoundinthelowerrightcornerofthe Certication/Tirelabelasshownpreviously. Seeyourdealerforadditionaladviceandinformation aboutusingasnowplowonyourvehicle.Also, see LoadingYourVehicleonpage4-48 .EmergencyRoofLampProvisionsVehicleswiththeRPOVYUsnowplowpreppackage alsohaveanemergencyrooflampprovisionpackage, RPOTRW.Wiringfortheemergencyrooflampis providedintheB-pillarasshown.See AuxiliaryRoof MountedLamponpage3-16 forswitchlocation. A.BodySideInnerPanel B.EmergencyRoofLampHarness 4-58

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Truck-CamperLoadingInformationNotice: Installingatruck-campertoavehiclethatis equippedwiththeSStrimpackagecoulddamage thevehicle.Donotinstallatruck-camperona vehicleequippedwiththeSStrimpackage. AvehiclespecicTruck-CamperLoadinginformation labelisattachedtotheinsideofyourvehicle’s glovebox.Thislabelwilltellyouifyourvehiclecan carryaslide-incamper,howmuchofaloadyourvehicle cancarry,andhowtocorrectlyspreadouttheload. Also,itwillhelpyoumatchtherightslide-incamperto yourvehicle. Whenyoucarryaslide-incamper,thetotalcargoload ofyourvehicleistheweightofthecamper,plusthe following:Everythingelseaddedtothecamperafteritleftthe factoryEverythinginthecamperAllthepeopleinside TheCargoWeightRating(CWR)isthemaximum weightoftheloadyourvehiclecancarry.Itdoesnot includetheweightofthepeopleinside.But,you cangureabout150lbs(68kg)foreachseat. Thetotalcargoloadmustnotbemorethanyour vehicle’sCWR. RefertotheTruck-CamperLoadingInformationlabelin thegloveboxfordimensionsAandBasshownin thefollowingillustration. Usetherearedgeoftheloadoorformeasurement purposes.Therecommendedlocationforthecargo centerofgravityisatpointCfortheCWR.Itisthepoint wherethemassofabodyisconcentratedand,if suspendedatthatpoint,wouldbalancethefrontandrear. 4-59

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Hereisanexampleofpropertruckandcampermatch: A.CamperCenterofGravity B.RecommendedCenterofGravityLocationZone Whenthetruckisusedtocarryaslide-incamper,the totalcargoloadofthetruckconsistsofthe manufacturer’scamperweightgure,theweightof installedadditionalcamperequipmentnotincludedin themanufacturer’scamperweightgure,theweightof campercargo,andtheweightofpassengersinthe camper.Thetotalcargoloadshouldnotexceed thetruck’scargoweightratingandthecamper’scenter ofgravity(A)shouldfallwithinthetruck’srecommended centerofgravityzone(B)wheninstalled. Youmustweighanyaccessoriesorotherequipment thatyouaddtoyourvehicle.Then,subtractthis extraweightfromtheCWR.Thisextraweightmay shortenthecenterofgravityzoneofyourvehicle.Your dealercanhelpyouwiththis. Ifyourslide-incamperanditsloadweighslessthanthe CWR,thecenterofgravityzoneforyourvehiclemay belarger. Yourdealercanhelpyoumakeagoodvehicle-camper matchandhelpyoudeterminetheCWR. Afteryouhaveloadedyourvehicleandcamper,driveto aweighstationandweighthefrontandrearwheels separately.Thiswilltellyoutheloadsontheaxles.The loadsonthefrontandrearaxlesshouldnotbemore thaneitheroftheGrossAxleWeightRatings(GAWR). Thetotaloftheaxleloadsshouldnotbemorethan theGrossVehicleWeightRating(GVWR). Openthedriver’sdoorandlookattheCertication/Tire labeltondoutyourvehicle’sGAWRsandGVWR. Ifyourvehiclehasgoneovertheweightratings,move ortakeoutsomethingsuntilalltheweightfalls belowtheratings. 4-60

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Securelooseitemstopreventweightshiftsthatcould affectthebalanceofyourvehicle.Whenthe truck-camperisloaded,drivetoascaleandweighthe frontandtherearwheelsseparatelytodetermine axleloads.Individualaxleloadsshouldnotexceed eitheroftheGAWRs.Thetotalofthefrontandrearaxle loadsshouldnotexceedyourvehicle’sGVWR.These ratingsaregivenonthevehiclecerticationlabel attachedtotherearedgeofthedriver’sdoor.See “Certication/TireLabel”under LoadingYourVehicleon page4-48 .Ifweightratingsareexceeded,moveor removeitemstobringallweightsbelowtheratings. Whenyouinstallandloadyourslide-incamper,check themanufacturer’sinstructions. Ifyouwantmoreinformationoncurbweights,cargo weights,CargoWeightRatingandthecorrectcenterof gravityzoneforyourvehicle,yourdealercanhelp you.Justaskforacopyof“ConsumerInformation, Truck-CamperLoading.”PickupConversiontoChassisCabGeneralMotorsisawarethatsomevehicleownersmay considerhavingthepickupboxremovedanda commercialorrecreationalbodyinstalled.Beforeyoudo so,rstcontactGMCustomerAssistanceforinformation onsuchconversionsspecictothisvehicle.Owners shouldbeawarethat,asmanufactured,thereare differencesbetweenachassiscabandapickupwith theboxremovedwhichmayaffectvehiclesafety. Thecomponentsnecessarytoadaptapickuptopermit itssafeusewithaspecializedbodyshouldbe installedbyabodybuilderinaccordancewiththe informationavailablefromGMCustomerAssistance. See CustomerAssistanceOfficesonpage7-4 .TowingTowingYourVehicleConsultyourdealeroraprofessionaltowingserviceif youneedtohaveyourdisabledvehicletowed.See RoadsideAssistanceProgramonpage7-6 Ifyouwanttotowyourvehiclebehindanothervehicle forrecreationalpurposes(suchasbehindamotorhome), see“RecreationalVehicleTowing”following. 4-61

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RecreationalVehicleTowingRecreationalvehicletowingmeanstowingyourvehicle behindanothervehicle–suchasbehindamotorhome. Thetwomostcommontypesofrecreationalvehicle towingareknownasdinghytowing,towingyourvehicle willallfourwheelsontheground,anddollytowing, towingyourvehiclewithtwowheelsonthegroundand twowheelsuponadeviceknownasa“dolly”. Withtheproperpreparationandequipment,many vehiclescanbetowedintheseways.See“Dinghy Towing”and“DollyTowing”following. Herearesomeimportantthingstoconsiderbeforeyou dorecreationalvehicletowing:What’sthetowingcapacityofthetowingvehicle? Besureyoureadthetowvehiclemanufacturer’s recommendations.Howfarwillyoutow?Somevehicleshave restrictionsonhowfarandhowlongtheycantow.Doyouhavethepropertowingequipment? Seeyourdealerortraileringprofessionalfor additionaladviceandequipmentrecommendations.Isyourvehiclereadytobetowed?Justasyou wouldprepareyourvehicleforalongtrip,you’ll wanttomakesureyourvehicleispreparedtobe towed.See BeforeLeavingonaLongTripon page4-39 .DinghyTowingTwo-Wheel-DriveVehiclesNotice: Ifyoutowyourvehiclewithallfourwheels ontheground,thedrivetraincomponentscould bedamaged.Therepairswouldnotbecoveredby yourwarranty.Donottowyourvehiclewithall fourwheelsontheground. Two-wheel-drivevehiclesshouldnotbetowedwithall fourwheelsontheground.Two-wheel-drive transmissionshavenoprovisionsforinternallubrication whilebeingtowed. 4-62

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Four-Wheel-DriveVehiclesUsethefollowingproceduretotowyourvehicle: 1.ShiftanautomatictransmissiontoPARK(P),ora manualtransmissiontoFIRST(1). 2.Turntheengineoff,butleavetheignitionon. 3.Firmlysettheparkingbrake. 4.Securelyattachthevehiclebeingtowedtothetow vehicle. {CAUTION:Shiftingafour-wheel-drivevehicle’stransfer caseintoNEUTRALcancauseyourvehicleto rollevenifthetransmissionisinPARK(P)for anautomatictransmission,orifyourvehicleis ingear,foramanualtransmission.Youor otherscouldbeinjured.Makesuretheparking brakeisrmlysetbeforeyoushiftthetransfer casetoNEUTRAL. 5.ShiftthetransfercasetoNEUTRAL.See Four-WheelDriveonpage2-36 fortheproper proceduretoselecttheneutralpositionfor yourvehicle. 6.Releasetheparkingbrakeonlyafterthevehicle beingtowedisrmlyattachedtothetowing vehicle. 7.Turntheignitionoffandleavethesteeringcolumn unlocked. 4-63

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DollyTowingFrontTowing(FrontWheelsOffthe Ground) Two-Wheel-DriveVehiclesNotice: Ifyoutowatwo-wheel-drivevehiclewith therearwheelsontheground,thetransmission couldbedamaged.Therepairswouldnotbe coveredbyyourwarranty.Nevertowyourvehicle withtherearwheelsontheground. Two-wheel-drivevehiclesshouldnotbetowedwiththe rearwheelsontheground.Two-wheel-drive transmissionshavenoprovisionsforinternallubrication whilebeingtowed. Todollytowatwo-wheel-drivevehicle,youmusttow thevehiclewiththerearwheelsonthedolly.See“Rear Towing(RearWheelsOfftheGround)”laterinthis sectionformoreinformation.Four-Wheel-DriveVehiclesUsethefollowingproceduretotowyourvehicle: 1.Drivethevehicleupontothetowdolly. 2.ShiftanautomatictransmissiontoPARK(P),ora manualtransmissiontoFIRST(1). 3.Turntheengineoff,butleavetheignitionon. 4.Firmlysettheparkingbrake. 5.Securelyattachthevehiclebeingtowedtothetow dolly. 4-64

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{CAUTION:Shiftingafour-wheel-drivevehicle’stransfer caseintoNEUTRALcancauseyourvehicleto rollevenifthetransmissionisinPARK(P)for anautomatictransmission,orifyourvehicleis ingear,foramanualtransmission.Youor otherscouldbeinjured.Makesuretheparking brakeisrmlysetbeforeyoushiftthetransfer casetoNEUTRAL. 6.ShiftthetransfercasetoNEUTRAL.See Four-WheelDriveonpage2-36 fortheproper proceduretoselecttheneutralpositionfor yourvehicle. 7.Releasetheparkingbrakeonlyafterthevehicle beingtowedisrmlyattachedtothetowing vehicle. 8.Turntheignitionoffandlockthesteeringcolumn.RearTowing(RearWheelsOffthe Ground)Two-Wheel-DriveVehiclesUsethefollowingproceduretotowyourvehiclefrom therear: 1.Drivethevehicleontothedolly. 2.Firmlysettheparkingbrake.See ParkingBrakeon page2-49 3.PutanautomatictransmissioninPARK(P)ora manualtransmissioninFIRST(1). 4.Followthedollymanufacturer’sinstructionsto attachandsecurethevehiclebeingtowedto thedollyandthentheloadeddollytothetow vehicle.Makesurethewheelsarestraightbefore towing. Formanualtransmissionvehicles,makesurethe wheelsarestraightbeforeproceedingtothe nextsteps.Onautomatictransmissionvehicles,use anadequateclampingdevicetoensurethatthe frontwheelsarelockedintothestraightposition. 5.Releasetheparkingbrakeonlyafterthevehicle beingtowedisrmlyattachedtothetowvehicle. 6.TurntheignitiontoLOCK. 4-65

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Four-Wheel-DriveVehiclesUsethefollowingproceduretotowyourvehiclefrom therear: 1.Drivethevehicleontothedolly. 2.Firmlysettheparkingbrake.See ParkingBrakeon page2-49 3.PutanautomatictransmissioninPARK(P)ora manualtransmissioninFIRST(1). 4.Followthedollymanufacturer’sinstructionsto attachandsecurethevehiclebeingtowedto thedollyandthentheloadeddollytothetow vehicle. Formanualtransmissionvehicles,makesurethe wheelsarestraightbeforeproceedingtothe nextsteps.Onautomatictransmissionvehicles,use anadequateclampingdevicetoensurethatthe frontwheelsarelockedintothestraightposition. {CAUTION:Shiftingafour-wheel-drivevehicle’stransfer caseintoNEUTRALcancauseyourvehicleto rollevenifthetransmissionisinPARK(P)for anautomatictransmission,orifyourvehicleis ingear,foramanualtransmission.Youor otherscouldbeinjured.Makesuretheparking brakeisrmlysetbeforeyoushiftthetransfer casetoNEUTRAL. 5.ShiftthetransfercasetoNEUTRAL.See Four-WheelDriveonpage2-36 6.Releasetheparkingbrakeonlyafterthevehicle beingtowedisrmlyattachedtothetowvehicle. 7.TurntheignitiontoLOCK. 4-66

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TowingaTrailerDonottowatrailerduringbreak-in.See NewVehicle Break-Inonpage2-20 formoreinformation. {CAUTION:Ifyoudonotusethecorrectequipmentand driveproperly,youcanlosecontrolwhenyou pullatrailer.Forexample,ifthetraileristoo heavy,thebrakesmaynotworkwell—oreven atall.Youandyourpassengerscouldbe seriouslyinjured.Pullatraileronlyifyouhave followedallthestepsinthissection.Askyour dealerforadviceandinformationabouttowing atrailerwithyourvehicle. Notice: Pullingatrailerimproperlycandamage yourvehicleandresultincostlyrepairsnotcovered byyourwarranty.Topullatrailercorrectly,follow theadviceinthispart,andseeyourdealerfor importantinformationabouttowingatrailerwith yourvehicle. Notice: Pullingafth-wheeltrailerwithavehicle thatisequippedwiththeSStrimpackagecould damagethevehicle.Donotpullafth-wheeltrailer withavehicleequippedwiththeSStrimpackage. Toidentifythetraileringcapacityofyourvehicle, youshouldreadtheinformationin“WeightoftheTrailer” thatappearslaterinthissection. Traileringisdifferentthanjustdrivingyourvehicleby itself.Traileringmeanschangesinacceleration,braking, handling,durabilityandfueleconomy.Successful, safetraileringtakescorrectequipment,andithastobe usedproperly. That’sthereasonforthispart.Initaremanytime-tested, importanttraileringtipsandsafetyrules.Manyof theseareimportantforyoursafetyandthatofyour passengers.Sopleasereadthissectioncarefullybefore youpullatrailer. 4-67

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IfYouDoDecideToPullATrailerNotice: Pullingafth-wheeltrailerwithavehicle thatisequippedwiththeSStrimpackagecould damagethevehicle.Donotpullafth-wheeltrailer withavehicleequippedwiththeSStrimpackage. Ifyoudo,herearesomeimportantpoints:Therearemanydifferentlaws,includingspeedlimit restrictions,havingtodowithtrailering.Makesure yourrigwillbelegal,notonlywhereyoulive butalsowhereyou’llbedriving.Agoodsourcefor thisinformationcanbestateorprovincialpolice.Considerusingaswaycontrol.See“Hitches”later inthissection.Don’ttowatraileratallduringtherst500miles (800km)yournewvehicleisdriven.Yourengine, axleorotherpartscouldbedamaged.Then,duringtherst500miles(800km)thatyou towatrailer,don’tdriveover50mph(80km/h) anddon’tmakestartsatfullthrottle.Thishelpsyour engineandotherpartsofyourvehiclewearinat theheavierloads.Ifyouhaveanautomatictransmission,youcantow inDRIVE(D).Youmaywanttoshiftthe transmissiontoTHIRD(3)or,ifnecessary,alower gearselectionifthetransmissionshiftstoooften, suchasunderheavyloadsand/orhillyconditions.If youhaveamanualtransmissionandyouare towingatrailer,it’sbetternottousethehighest gear.See Tow/HaulModeLightonpage3-49 Threeimportantconsiderationshavetodowithweight:TheweightofthetrailerTheweightofthetrailertongueTheweightonyourvehicle’stires 4-68

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Tow/HaulModeTow/Haulisafeatureonautomatictransmission equippedvehiclesthatassistswhenpullingaheavy traileroralargeorheavyload.See Tow/HaulModeon page2-30 formoreinformation. Tow/Haulisdesignedtobemosteffectivewhenthe vehicleandtrailercombinedweightisatleast75%of thevehicle’sGrossCombinedWeightRating(GCWR). See“WeightoftheTrailer”laterinthesection. Tow/Haulismostusefulunderthefollowingdriving conditions:Whenpullingaheavytraileroralargeorheavy loadthroughrollingterrain.Whenpullingaheavytraileroralargeorheavy loadinstopandgotraffic.Whenpullingaheavytraileroralargeorheavy loadinbusyparkinglotswhereimprovedlow speedcontrolofthevehicleisdesired. OperatingthevehicleinTow/Haulwhenlightlyloaded orwithnotraileratallwillnotcausedamage.However, thereisnobenettotheselectionofTow/Haulwhen thevehicleisunloaded.Suchaselectionwhenunloaded mayresultinunpleasantengineandtransmission drivingcharacteristicsandreducedfueleconomy. Tow/Haulisrecommendedonlywhenpullingaheavy traileroralargeorheavyload.WeightoftheTrailerHowheavycanatrailersafelybe? Itdependsonhowyouplantouseyourrig.For example,speed,altitude,roadgrades,outside temperatureandhowmuchyourvehicleisusedtopull atrailerareallimportant.Itcanalsodependonany specialequipmentthatyouhaveonyourvehicle, andtheamountoftongueweightthevehiclecancarry. See“WeightoftheTrailerTongue”laterinthis sectionformoreinformation. Maximumtrailerweightiscalculatedassumingonlythe driverisinthetowvehicleandithasalltherequired traileringequipment.Theweightofadditionaloptional equipment,passengersandcargointhetowvehicle mustbesubtractedfromthemaximumtrailerweight. Abovethe5,000lbs(2268kg)trailerrating,the handling/traileringsuspensionisrequiredontwo-wheel drive1500seriesmodelsandthehandling/trailering oroff-roadsuspensionisrequiredonfour-wheeldrive 1500seriesmodels. Useoneofthefollowingchartstodeterminehowmuch yourvehiclecanweigh,baseduponyourvehicle modelandoptions. 4-69

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Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR C-1500RegularCabShortBox(2WD)* 4300V6(Auto)3.235,000lbs(2268kg)9,500lbs(4309kg) 4300V6(Manual)3.234,000lbs(1814kg)8,500lbs(3855kg) 4800V8(Auto) 3.23 3.73 6,400lbs(2903kg) 7,400lbs(3357kg) 11,000lbs(4994kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 4800V8(Manual) 3.23 3.73 4,400lbs(1996kg) 5,400lbs(2449kg) 9,000lbs(4082kg) 10,000lbs(4535kg) 5300V8 3.23 3.73 7,400lbs(3357kg) 8,400lbs(3810kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 13,000lbs(5897kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweight15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto1,500lbs(680kg) maximum. Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR C-1500ExtendedCabShortBox(2WD)* 4300V6(Auto) 3.23 3.73 4,600lbs(2087kg) 5,100lbs(2313kg) 9,500lbs(4309kg) 10,000lbs(4536kg) 4300V6(Manual)3.233,600lbs(1633kg)8,500lbs(3859kg) 4800V8(Auto) 3.23 3.73 5,900lbs(2676kg) 6,900lbs(3130kg) 11,000lbs(4990kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 4800V8(Manual) 3.23 3.73 3,900lbs(1769kg) 4,900lbs(2222kg) 9,000lbs(4086kg) 10,000lbs(4540kg) 5300V8 3.23 3.73 6,900lbs(3130kg) 7,900lbs(3583kg)** 12,000lbs(5443kg) 13,000lbs(5897kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweight15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto1,500lbs(680kg) maximum. **Maximum8,000lbs(3628kg)forfth-wheelorgooseneck. 4-70

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Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR C-1500HD(2WD)* 6000V8 3.73 4.10 8,300lbs(3765kg) 10,300lbs(4672kg) 14,000lbs(6350kg) 16,000lbs(7257kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweight15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto2,500lbs(1133kg) maximum. Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR C-1500CrewCab(2WD)* 5300V8 3.23 3.73 6,700lbs(3039kg) 7,700lbs(3493kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 13,000lbs(5897kg) 6000V83.7310,100lbs(4581kg)15,500lbs(7031kg) *Fifth-wheelorgoosenecktraileringisneitherdesignednorintendedforthisvehicle Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR C-1500RegularCabLongBox(2WD)* 4300V6(Auto)3.234,800lbs(2177kg)9,500lbs(4313kg) 4300V6(Manual)3.233,800lbs(1724kg)8,500lbs(3859kg) 4800V8(Auto) 3.23 3.73 6,200lbs(2812kg) 7,200lbs(3266kg) 11,000lbs(4994kg) 12,000lbs(5448kg) 4800V8(Manual) 3.23 3.73 4,200lbs(1905kg) 5,200lbs(2359kg) 9,000lbs(4086kg) 10,000lbs(4540kg) 5300V8 3.23 3.73 7,200lbs(3266kg) 8,200lbs(3719kg) 12,000lbs(5448kg) 13,000lbs(5902kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweight15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto1,500lbs(680kg) maximum. 4-71

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Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR C-1500ExtendedCabLongBox(2WD)* 4800V8(Auto) 3.23 3.73 5,800lbs(2631kg) 6,800lbs(3084kg) 11,000lbs(4994kg) 12,000lbs(5448kg) 4800V8(Manual) 3.23 3.73 3,800lbs(1724kg) 4,800lbs(2177kg) 9,000lbs(4086kg) 10,000lbs(4540kg) 5300V8 3.42 3.73 6,800lbs(3084kg) 7,800lbs(3538kg) 12,000lbs(5448kg) 13,000lbs(5902kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweight15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto1,500lbs(680kg) maximum. Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR K-1500RegularCabShortBox(4WD) 4300V6(Auto)3.735,100lbs(2313kg)10,000lbs(4540kg) 4300V6(Manual)3.734,100lbs(1860kg)9,000lbs(4086kg) 4800V8(Auto) 3.42 3.73 4.10 7,100lbs(3221kg) 7,100lbs(3221kg) 8,100lbs(3674kg) 12,000lbs(5448kg) 12,000lbs(5448kg) 13,000lbs(5902kg) 4800V8(Manual) 3.42 3.73 4.10 5,100lbs(2313kg) 5,100lbs(2313kg) 6,100lbs(2767kg) 10,000lbs(4540kg) 10,000lbs(4540kg) 11,000lbs(4994kg) 5300V8 3.42 3.73 4.10 8,100lbs(3674kg) 8,000lbs(3674kg) 9,100lbs(4128kg) 13,000lbs(5902kg) 13,000lbs(5902kg) 14,000lbs(6356kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweight15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto1,500lbs(680kg) maximum. 4-72

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Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR K-1500ExtendedCabShortBox(4WD)* 4800V8(Auto) 3.42 3.73 4.10 6,700lbs(3039kg) 6,700lbs(3039kg) 7,700lbs(3493kg)** 12,000lbs(5443kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 13,000lbs(5897kg) 4800V8(Manual) 3.42 3.73 4.10 4,700lbs(2132kg) 4,700lbs(2132kg) 5,700lbs(2585kg) 10,000lbs(4535kg) 10,000lbs(4535kg) 11,000lbs(4990kg) 5300V8 3.42 3.73 4.10 7,700lbs(3493kg)** 7,700lbs(3493kg)** 8,700lbs(3946kg)** 13,000lbs(5897kg) 13,000lbs(5897kg) 14,000lbs(6350kg) **Maximumweight7,700lbs.(3492kg)forfth-wheelorgooseneck. K-1500HD(4WD)* 6000V8 3.73 4.10 7,900lbs(3583kg) 9,900lbs(4491kg) 14,000lbs(6350kg) 16,000lbs(7257kg) Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR K-1500CrewCab(4WD)* 5300V8 3.42 3.73 4.10 7,400lbs(3357kg) 7,400lbs(3357kg) 8,400lbs(3810kg) 13,000lbs(5897kg) 13,000lbs(5897kg) 14,000lbs(6350kg) 6000V8**4.109,800lbs(4445kg)15,500lbs(7031kg) *Fifth-wheelorgoosenecktraileringisneitherdesignednorintendedforthisvehicle. **Trailertongueweightshouldbe10to15percentoftotalloadedtrailerweightupto1,200lbs(544kg)onmodels withNHTEnhancedTraileringPerformance. 4-73

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Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR K-1500RegularCabLongBox(4WD)* 4300V6(Auto)3.735,000lbs(2268kg)10,000lbs(4536kg) 4300V6(Manual)3.734,000lbs(1814kg)9,000lbs(4082kg) 4800V8(Auto) 3.42 3.73 4.10 6,900lbs(3130kg) 6,900lbs(3130kg) 7,900lbs(3583kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 13,000lbs(5897kg) 4800V8(Manual) 3.42 3.73 4.10 4,900lbs(2223kg) 4,900lbs(2223kg) 5,900lbs(2676kg) 10,000lbs(4536kg) 10,000lbs(4536kg) 11,000lbs(4990kg) 5300V8 3.42 3.73 4.10 7,900lbs(3583kg) 7,900lbs(3583kg) 8,900lbs(4037kg)** 13,000lbs(5897kg) 13,000lbs(5897kg) 14,000lbs(6350kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweight15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto1,500lbs(680kg) maximum. **Maximumweight8,900lbs(4036kg)forfth-wheelandgooseneck. 4-74

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Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR K-1500ExtendedCabLongBox(4WD)* 4800V8 3.42 3.73 4.10 6,500lbs(2948kg) 6,500lbs(2948kg) 7,500lbs(3402kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 13,000lbs(5897kg) 4800V8(Manual) 3.42 3.73 4.10 4,500lbs(2041kg) 4,500lbs(2041kg) 5,500lbs(2495kg) 10,000lbs(4536kg) 10,000lbs(4536kg) 11,000lbs(4990kg) 5300V8 3.42 3.73 4.10 7,500lbs(3402kg)** 7,500lbs(3402kg)** 8,500lbs(3856kg)** 13,000lbs(5897kg) 13,000lbs(5897kg) 14,000lbs(6350kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweightshouldbe15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto1,500lbs (680kg)maximum. **Maximumweight6,800lbs(3084kg)forfth-wheelandgooseneck. Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR SilveradoSS 6000V83.737,800lbs(3538kg)13,000lbs(5897kg) Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR C-2500RegularCabLongBoxHD(2WD)* 6000V84.1010,500lbs(4763kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 8100V8 3.73 4.10 12,000lbs(5443kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 20,000lbs(9072kg) 22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8Diesel3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) 4-75

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Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR C-2500ExtendedCabShortBoxHD(2WD)* 6000V84.1010,200lbs(4627kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 8100V8 3.73 4.10 12,000lbs(5443kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 20,000lbs(9072kg) 22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8Diesel3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpintongueweightshouldbe15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto 3,000lbs(1361kg)maximum. Fifth-wheelorgooseneckGCWRfor6.6LV8Diesel2500HDmodelsis23,200lbs(10523kg). Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR C-2500ExtendedCabLongBoxHD(2WD)* 6000V84.1010,100lbs(4581kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 8100V8 3.73 4.10 12,000lbs(5443kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 20,000lbs(9072kg) 22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8Diesel3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) C-2500CrewCabShortBoxHD(2WD) 6000V84.1010,100lbs(4581kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 8100V8 3.73 4.10 12,000lbs(5443kg) 12,000lbs.(5443kg) 20,000lbs(9072kg) 22,000lbs.(9979kg) 6.6LV8Diesel3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweightshouldbe15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto3,000lbs (1361kg)maximum. 4-76

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Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR C-2500CrewCabLongBoxHD(2WD) 6000V84.1010,000lbs(4536kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 8100V8 3.73 4.10 12,000lbs(5443kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 20,000lbs(9072kg) 22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8Diesel3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweightshouldbe15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto3,000lbs (1361kg)maximum. Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR K-1500HD(4WD)* 6000V8 3.73 4.10 7,900lbs(3583kg) 9,900lbs(4491kg) 14,000lbs(6350kg) 16,000lbs(7257kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweightshouldbe15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto3,000lbs (1361kg)maximum. Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR K-2500RegularCabLongBoxHD(4WD)* 6000V84.1010,300lbs(4672kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 8100V8 3.73 4.10 12,000lbs(5443kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 20,000lbs(9072kg) 22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8Diesel3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweightshouldbe15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto3,000lbs (1361kg)maximum. Fifth-wheelorgooseneckGCWRfor6.6LV8Diesel2500HDmodelsis23,200lbs(10523kg). 4-77

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Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR K-2500ExtendedCabShortBoxHD(4WD)* 6000V84.1010,000lbs(4536kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 8100V8 3.73 4.10 12,000lbs(5443kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 20,000lbs(9072kg) 22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8Diesel3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweightshouldbe15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto3,000lbs (1361kg)maximum. Fifth-wheelorgooseneckGCWRfor6.6LV8Diesel2500HDmodelsis23,200lbs(10523kg). Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR K-2500ExtendedCabLongBoxHD(4WD)* 6000V84.109,900lbs(4490kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 8100V8 3.73 4.10 12,000lbs(5443kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 20,000lbs(9072kg) 22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8Diesel3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) K-2500CrewCabShortBoxHD(4WD)* 6000V84.109,800lbs(4445kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 8100V8 3.73 4.10 12,000lbs(5443kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 20,000lbs(9072kg) 22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8Diesel3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweightshouldbe15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto3,300lbs (1361kg)maximum. 4-78

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Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR K-2500CrewCabLongBoxHD(4WD) 6000V84.109,700lbs(4400kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 8100V8 3.73 4.10 12,000lbs(5443kg) 12,000lbs(5443kg) 20,000lbs(9072kg) 22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8Diesel3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweightshouldbe15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto3,000lbs (1361kg)maximum. Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR C-3500ExtendedCab(2WD) 6000V84.109,700lbs(4400kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 8100V84.1012,000lbs(5543kg)**22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8Diesel(Manual)3.7312,000lbs(5543kg)**23,500lbs(10659kg) 6.6LV8Diesel(Auto)3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)23,500lbs(10659kg) C-3500CrewCab(2WD)* 6000V84.109,500lbs(4309kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 8100V84.1012,000lbs(5443kg)**22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8Diesel(Manual)3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)**23,500lbs(10659kg) 6.6LV8Diesel(Auto)3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)23,500lbs(10659kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweightshouldbe15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto3,500lbs (1587kg)maximum. Fifth-wheelorgooseneckGCWRfor6.6LV8Diesel3500SRWmodelsis23,200lbs(10523kg). **Limitedto12,000lbs(5443kg)withweightdistributinghitch. 4-79

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Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR K-3500RegularCab(4WD) 6000V8DualRearWheel4.109,800lbs(4445kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 6000V8SingleRearWheel4.1010,000lbs(4536kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 8100V8DualRearWheel4.1015,400lbs(6985kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) 8100V8SingleRearWheel4.1015,600lbs(7067kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8DualRear Wheel(Auto) 3.7316,700lbs(7575kg)23,500lbs(10659kg) 6.6LV8DualRear Wheel(Manual) 3.7316,700lbs(7575kg)23,500lbs(10659kg) 6.6LV8SingleRearWheel3.7315,400lbs(6985kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) K-3500ExtendedCab(4WD)* 6000V8DualRearWheel4.109,400lbs(4264kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 6000V8SingleRearWheel4.109,600lbs(4354kg)16,000lbs(7257kg) 8100V8DualRearWheel4.1015,000lbs(6804kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) 8100V8SingleRearWheel4.1015,000lbs(6804kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8DieselDualRear Wheel(Manual) 3.7316,300lbs(7394kg)23,500lbs(10659kg) 6.6LV8DieselDualRear Wheel(Auto) 3.7316,300lbs(7394kg)23,500lbs(10659kg) 6.6LV8DieselSingleRear Wheel 3.7315,000lbs(6804kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweightshouldbe15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto3,500lbs (1587kg)maximum. Fifth-wheelorgooseneckGCWRfor6.6LV8Diesel3500SRWmodelsis23,200lbs(10523kg). 4-80

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Vehicle*AxleRatioMaximumTrailerWeightGCWR K-3500CrewCab(4WD)* 6000V8DualRearWheel4.109,200lbs(4173kg)16,000lbs(7264kg) 6000V8SingleRearWheel4.109,400lbs(4264kg)16,000lbs(7264kg) 8100V8DualRearWheel4.1012,000lbs(5443kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) 8100V8SingleRearWheel4.1012,000lbs(5443kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8DieselSingleRear Wheel(Auto) 3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8DieselSingleRear Wheel(Manual) 3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)22,000lbs(9979kg) 6.6LV8DieselDualRear Wheel(Auto) 3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)23,500lbs(10659kg) 6.6LV8DieselDualRear Wheel(Manual) 3.7312,000lbs(5443kg)23,500lbs(10659kg) *Fifth-wheelorgooseneckkingpinweightshouldbe15percentto25percentoftrailerweightupto3,500lbs (1587kg)maximum. Fifth-wheelorgooseneckGCWRfor6.6LV8Diesel3500SRWmodelsis23,200lbs(10523kg). TheGrossCombinationWeightRating(GCWR)isthe totalallowableweightofthecompletelyloaded vehicleandtrailerincludinganypassengers,cargo, equipmentandconversions.TheGCWRforyourvehicle shouldnotbeexceeded. Youcanaskyourdealerforourtraileringinformationor advice,oryoucanwriteusattheaddresslistedinyour WarrantyandOwnerAssistanceInformationBooklet. InCanada,writeto: GeneralMotorsofCanadaLimited CustomerCommunicationsCentre,163-005 1908ColonelSamDrive Oshawa,OntarioL1H8P7 4-81

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WeightoftheTrailerTongueThetongueload(A)ofanytrailerisanimportantweight tomeasurebecauseitaffectsthetotalorgrossweight ofyourvehicle.TheGrossVehicleWeight(GVW) includesthecurbweightofthevehicle,anycargoyou maycarryinit,andthepeoplewhowillberidingin thevehicle.Ifyouhavealotofoptions,equipment, passengersorcargoinyourvehicle,itwillreducethe tongueweightyourvehiclecancarry,whichwill alsoreducethetrailerweightyourvehiclecantow.And ifyouwilltowatrailer,youmustaddthetongueload totheGVWbecauseyourvehiclewillbecarrying thatweight,too.See LoadingYourVehicleonpage4-48 formoreinformationaboutyourvehicle’smaximum loadcapacity. Thetrailertongueweight(A)shouldbe10percentto 15percentofthetotalloadedtrailerweight,uptoa maximumof600lbs(272kg)forthe1500or2500series, anduptoamaximumof750lbs(340kg)forthe2500HD or3500serieswithaweightcarryinghitch.Thetrailer tongueweight(A)shouldbe10percentto15percentof thetotalloadedtrailerweight,uptoamaximumof 1,000lbs(453kg)forthe1500seriesanduptoa maximumof1,500lbs(680kg)forthe2500,2500HDor 3500serieswithaweightdistributinghitch. Fifthwheelorgooseneckkingpinweightshouldbe15to 25percentofthetrailerweightuptothemaximum amountspeciedinthetraileringchartforyourvehicle. See“WeightoftheTrailer”,and“Fifth-Wheeland GooseneckTrailering”inthissection. Donotexceedthemaximumallowabletongueweight foryourvehicle.Choosetheshortesthitchextension thatwillpositionthehitchballclosesttothevehicle.This willhelpreducetheeffectoftrailertongueweighton therearaxle. Afteryouhaveloadedthetrailer,weighthetrailerand thenthetongueseparately,toseeiftheweights areproper.Iftheyarenot,youmaybeabletogetthem rightbymovingsomeitemsaroundinthetrailer. 4-82

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Traileringmaybelimitedbythevehicle’sabilitytocarry tongueweight.Tongueweightcannotcausethevehicle toexceedtheGVWR(GrossVehicleWeightRating)or theRGAWR(RearGrossAxleWeightRating).Theeffect ofadditionalweightmayreduceyourtraileringcapacity morethanthetotaloftheadditionalweight. Considerthefollowingexample: Avehiclemodelbaseweightis5,500lbs(2495kg); 2,800lbs(1270kg)atthefrontaxleand2,700lbs (1225kg)attherearaxle.IthasaGVWRof7,200lbs (3266kg),aRGAWRof4,000lbs(1814kg)anda GCWR(GrossCombinationWeightRating)of 14,000lbs(6350kg).Thetrailerratingshouldbe: Youcanexpecttongueweighttobeatleast10percentof trailerweight(850lbs(386kg))andbecausetheweight isappliedwellbehindtherearaxle,theeffectontherear axlewillbegreaterthanjusttheweightitself,asmuchas 1.5timesasmuch.Theweightattherearaxlecouldbe 850lbs(386kg)X1.5=1,275lbs(578kg). Sincetherearaxlealreadyweighs2,700lbs(1225kg), adding1,275lbs(578kg)bringsthetotalto3,975lbs (1803kg).Thisisverycloseto,butwithinthelimitfor RGAWRaswell.Thevehicleissettotrailerupto 8,500lbs(3856kg). Butlet’ssayyourspecicvehicleisequippedwithsome ofthelatestoptionsandyouhaveafrontseatpassenger andtworearseatpassengerswithsomeluggageand gearinthevehicleaswell.Youmayadd300lbs(136kg) tothefrontaxleweightand400lbs(181kg)totherear axleweight.Yourvehiclenowweighs: Weightisstillbelow7,200lbs(3266kg)andyoumay thinkthatyoushouldsubtract700additionalpounds (318kg)fromyourtraileringcapacitytostaywithin GCWRlimits.Yourmaximumtrailerwouldonlybe 7,800lbs(3538kg).Youmaygofurtherandthinkyou mustlimittongueweighttolessthan1,000lbs(454kg)to avoidexceedingGVWR.But,youmuststillconsiderthe effectontherearaxle.Becauseyourrearaxlenow weighs3,100lbs(1406kg),youcanonlyput900lbs (408kg)ontherearaxlewithoutexceedingRGAWR. 4-83

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Theeffectoftongueweightisabout1.5timestheactual weight.Dividingthe900lbs(408kg)by1.5leavesyou withbeingabletohandleonly600lbs(272kg)oftongue weight.Sincetongueweightisusuallyatleast10percent oftotalloadedtrailerweight,youcanexpectthatthe largesttraileryourvehiclecanproperlyhandleis 6,000lbs(2721kg). Itisimportantthatyoumakesureyourvehicledoesnot exceedanyofitsratings—GCWR,GVWR,RGAWR, MaximumTrailerRatingorTongueWeight.The onlywaytobesureyouarenotexceedinganyofthese ratingsistoweighyourvehicleandtrailer.TotalWeightonYourVehicle’sTiresBesureyourvehicle’stiresareinatedtotheupperlimit forcoldtires.You’llndthesenumbersonthe Certicationlabelattherearedgeofthedriver’sdooror seeLoadingYourVehicleformoreinformation.Then besureyoudon’tgoovertheGVWlimitforyourvehicle, ortheGAWR,includingtheweightofthetrailer tongue.Ifyouuseaweightdistributinghitch,makesure youdon’tgoovertherearaxlelimitbeforeyouapply theweightdistributionspringbars.HitchesIt’simportanttohavethecorrecthitchequipment. Crosswinds,largetrucksgoingbyandroughroadsare afewreasonswhyyou’llneedtherighthitch.Weight-DistributingHitchesandWeight CarryingHitchesA: BodytoGroundDistance B: FrontofVehicle Whenusingaweight-distributinghitch,thehitchmust beadjustedsothedistance(A)remainsthesameboth beforeandaftercouplingthetrailertothetowvehicle. Ifyouuseastep-bumperhitch,thebumpercould bedamagedinsharpturns.Makesurethereisample roomwhenturningtoavoidcontactbetweenthe trailerandthebumper. 4-84

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Ifyouwillbepullingatrailerthat,whenloaded,will weighmorethan5,000lbs(2270kg)besuretousea properlymountedweight-distributinghitchandsway controlofthepropersize.Thisequipmentisvery importantforpropervehicleloadingandgoodhandling whendriving.Alwaysuseaswaycontrolifthetrailer willweighmorethantheselimits.Youcanaska hitchdealeraboutswaycontrols.FifthWheelandGooseneckTraileringNotice: Pullingafth-wheeltrailerwithavehicle thatisequippedwiththeSStrimpackagecould damagethevehicle.Donotpullafth-wheeltrailer withavehicleequippedwiththeSStrimpackage. Fifthwheelandgoosenecktrailerscanbeusedwith manypickupmodels.Thesetrailersplacealarger percentageoftheweight(kingpinweight)onthetow vehiclethanconventionaltrailers.Makesurethisweight doesnotcausethevehicletoexceedGAWRorGVWR. Fifthwheelorgooseneckkingpinweightshouldbe15to 25percentofthetrailerweightuptothemaximum amountspeciedinthetraileringchartforyourvehicle. See“WeightoftheTrailer”inthissectionformore information. Thehitchshouldbelocatedinthepickupbedsothat it’scenterlineisoverorslightlyinfrontoftherearaxle. Takecarethatitisnotsofarforwardthatitwill contactthebackofthecabinsharpturns. Thisisespeciallyimportantforshortboxpickups.Trailer pinboxextensionsandslidingfthwheelhitch assembliescanhelpthiscondition.Thereshouldbeat leastsixinchesofclearancebetweenthetopofthe pickupboxandthebottomofthetrailershelfthat extendsoverthebox. Makesurethehitchisattachedtothetowvehicleframe rails.Donotusethepickupboxforsupport.SafetyChainsYoushouldalwaysattachchainsbetweenyourvehicle andyourtrailer.Crossthesafetychainsunderthe tongueofthetrailertohelppreventthetonguefrom contactingtheroadifitbecomesseparatedfrom thehitch.Instructionsaboutsafetychainsmaybe providedbythehitchmanufacturerorbythetrailer manufacturer.Ifyouaretowingatrailerupto5,000lbs (2271kg)withafactory-installedstepbumper,you mayattachthesafetychainstotheattachingpointson thebumper.Ifyouaretowingatraileruptoyour vehicle’strailerratinglimityoumayattachthesafety chainstotheattachingpointonthehitchplatform.Ifyou aretowingwithanaftermarkethitchfollowthetrailer orhitchmanufacturer’srecommendationforattaching safetychains.Alwaysleavejustenoughslackso youcanturnwithyourrig.Neverallowsafetychainsto dragontheground. 4-85

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TrailerBrakesIfyourtrailerweighsmorethan2,000lbs(900kg) loaded,thenitneedsitsownbrakes–andtheymustbe adequate.Besuretoreadandfollowtheinstructions forthetrailerbrakessoyou’llbeabletoinstall, adjustandmaintainthemproperly. Yourtrailerbrakesystemcantapintothevehicle’s hydraulicbrakesystemonlyif:Thetrailerpartscanwithstand3,000psi (20650kPa)ofpressure.Thetrailer’sbrakesystemwilluselessthan 0.02cubicinch(0.3cc)ofuidfromyourvehicle’s mastercylinder.Otherwise,bothbrakingsystems won’tworkwell.Youcouldevenloseyourbrakes. Ifeverythingchecksoutthisfar,makethebraketapat theportonthemastercylinderthatsendstheuid totherearbrakes.Butdon’tusecoppertubingforthis. Ifyoudo,itwillbendandnallybreakoff.Usesteel braketubing.DrivingwithaTrailer {CAUTION:Ifyouhavearear-mostwindowopenandyou pullatrailerwithyourvehicle,carbon monoxide(CO)couldcomeintoyourvehicle. YoucannotseeorsmellCO.Itcancause unconsciousnessordeath.See Engine Exhaustonpage2-54 .Tomaximizeyoursafety whentowingatrailer:Haveyourexhaustsysteminspectedfor leaks,andmakenecessaryrepairsbefore startingonyourtrip.Keeptherear-mostwindowsclosed.Ifexhaustdoescomeintoyourvehicle throughawindowintherearoranother opening,drivewithyourfront,main heatingorcoolingsystemonandwiththe fanonanyspeed.Thiswillbringfresh, outsideairintoyourvehicle.Donotuse theclimatecontrolsettingformaximumair becauseitonlyrecirculatestheairinside yourvehicle.See ClimateControlSystem onpage3-20 4-86

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Towingatrailerrequiresacertainamountofexperience. Beforesettingoutfortheopenroad,you’llwanttoget toknowyourrig.Acquaintyourselfwiththefeelof handlingandbrakingwiththeaddedweightofthetrailer. Andalwayskeepinmindthatthevehicleyouare drivingisnowagooddeallongerandnotnearlyas responsiveasyourvehicleisbyitself. Beforeyoustart,checkalltrailerhitchpartsand attachments,safetychains,electricalconnector,lamps, tiresandmirroradjustment.Ifthetrailerhaselectric brakes,startyourvehicleandtrailermovingandthen applythetrailerbrakecontrollerbyhandtobesure thebrakesareworking.Thisletsyoucheckyour electricalconnectionatthesametime. Duringyourtrip,checkoccasionallytobesurethatthe loadissecure,andthatthelampsandanytrailer brakesarestillworking. Whiletowingatrailerorwhenexposedtolongperiods ofsunshine,theoorofthetruckbedmaybecome verywarm.Avoidputtingitemsinthetruckbed thatmightbeaffectedbyhighambienttemperatures.FollowingDistanceStayatleasttwiceasfarbehindthevehicleaheadas youwouldwhendrivingyourvehiclewithoutatrailer. Thiscanhelpyouavoidsituationsthatrequire heavybrakingandsuddenturns.PassingYou’llneedmorepassingdistanceupaheadwhen you’retowingatrailer.And,becauseyou’reagooddeal longer,you’llneedtogomuchfartherbeyondthe passedvehiclebeforeyoucanreturntoyourlane.BackingUpHoldthebottomofthesteeringwheelwithonehand. Then,tomovethetrailertotheleft,justmovethathand totheleft.Tomovethetrailertotheright,moveyour handtotheright.Alwaysbackupslowlyand,ifpossible, havesomeoneguideyou.MakingTurnsNotice: Makingverysharpturnswhiletrailering couldcausethetrailertocomeincontactwiththe vehicle.Yourvehiclecouldbedamaged.Avoid makingverysharpturnswhiletrailering. Whenyou’returningwithatrailer,makewiderturns thannormal.Dothissoyourtrailerwon’tstrike softshoulders,curbs,roadsigns,treesorotherobjects. Avoidjerkyorsuddenmaneuvers.Signalwellin advance. 4-87

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TurnSignalsWhenTowingaTrailerThearrowsonyourinstrumentpanelwillashwhenever yousignalaturnorlanechange.Properlyhookedup, thetrailerlampswillalsoash,tellingotherdrivers you’reabouttoturn,changelanesorstop. Whentowingatrailer,thearrowsonyourinstrument panelwillashforturnsevenifthebulbsonthetrailer areburnedout.Thus,youmaythinkdriversbehind youareseeingyoursignalwhentheyarenot.It’s importanttocheckoccasionallytobesurethetrailer bulbsarestillworking.DrivingOnGradesReducespeedandshifttoalowergear before youstart downalongorsteepdowngrade.Ifyoudon’tshift down,youmighthavetouseyourbrakessomuchthat theywouldgethotandnolongerworkwell. Ifyouhaveanautomatictransmission,youcantowin DRIVE(D).Youmaywanttoshiftthetransmission tolowergearselectionifthetransmissionshiftstoooften (e.g.,underheavyloadsand/orhillyconditions). Youmayalsowanttoactivatethetow/haulmodeifthe transmissionshiftstoooften.See Tow/HaulMode Lightonpage3-49 Ifyouhavea5-speedmanualtransmissionandyouare towingatrailer,it’sbetternottouseFIFTH(5)gear. JustdriveinFOURTH(4)gear(or,asyouneed to,alowergear). Ifyouhavea6-speedmanualtransmissionandyouare towingatrailer,it’sbetternottouseSIXTH(6)gear. DriveinFIFTH(5)gear(or,asyouneedto,alowergear). Whentowingathighaltitudeonsteepuphillgrades, considerthefollowing:Enginecoolantatornear sealevelwillboilatalowertemperaturethanathigher altitudes.Ifyouturnyourengineoffimmediately aftertowingathighaltitudeonsteepuphillgrades,your vehiclemayshowsignssimilartoengineoverheating. Toavoidthis,lettheenginerunwhileparked,preferably onlevelground,withtheautomatictransmissionin PARK(P)forafewminutesbeforeturningtheengine off.Formanualtransmissions,lettheenginerun whileparked,preferablyonlevelground,withthe transmissionoutofgearandtheparkingbrakeapplied, forafewminutesbeforeturningtheengineoff.If youdogettheoverheatwarning,see Engine Overheatingonpage5-37 4-88

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ParkingonHills {CAUTION:Youreallyshouldnotparkyourvehicle,witha trailerattached,onahill.Ifsomethinggoes wrong,yourrigcouldstarttomove.People canbeinjured,andbothyourvehicleandthe trailercanbedamaged. Butifyoueverhavetoparkyourrigonahill,here’s howtodoit: 1.Applyyourregularbrakes,butdon’tshiftinto PARK(P)yetforanautomatictransmission,orinto gearforamanualtransmission. 2.Havesomeoneplacechocksunderthetrailer wheels. 3.Whenthewheelchocksareinplace,releasethe regularbrakesuntilthechocksabsorbtheload. 4.Reapplytheregularbrakes.Thenapplyyour parkingbrakeandshiftintoPARK(P)foran automatictransmission,orREVERSE(R)fora manualtransmission. 5.Ifyouhaveafour-wheel-drivevehicle,besurethe transfercaseisinadrivegearandnotin NEUTRAL. 6.Releasetheregularbrakes. {CAUTION:Itcanbedangeroustogetoutofyourvehicle iftheautomatictransmissionshiftleverisnot fullyinPARK(P)withtheparkingbrakermly set.Yourvehiclecanroll. Ifyouhavelefttheenginerunning,thevehicle canmovesuddenly.Youorotherscouldbe injured.Tobesureyourvehiclewillnotmove, evenwhenyouareonfairlylevelground,use thestepsthatfollow. Alwaysputtheautomatictransmissionshift leverfullyinPARK(P)withtheparkingbrake rmlyset.Ifyouhaveamanualtransmission, turntheengineoffandrmlysettheparking brake. Ifthetransfercaseonfour-wheel-drive vehiclesisinNEUTRAL,yourvehiclewillbe freetoroll,evenifyourautomatic transmissionshiftleverisinPARK(P).So,be surethetransfercaseisinadrivegear—not inNEUTRAL. 4-89

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WhenYouAreReadytoLeaveAfter ParkingonaHill1.Applyyourregularbrakesandholdthepedaldown whileyou:StartyourengineShiftintoagearReleasetheparkingbrake 2.Letuponthebrakepedal. 3.Driveslowlyuntilthetrailerisclearofthechocks. 4.Stopandhavesomeonepickupandstorethe chocks.MaintenanceWhenTrailerTowingYourvehiclewillneedservicemoreoftenwhenyou’re pullingatrailer.See ScheduledMaintenance(Gasoline Engine)onpage6-4 formoreinformation.Things thatareespeciallyimportantintraileroperationare automatictransmissionuid(don’toverll),engineoil, axlelubricant,belt,coolingsystemandbrakesystem. Eachoftheseiscoveredinthismanual,andtheIndex willhelpyoundthemquickly.Ifyou’retrailering,it’s agoodideatoreviewthesesectionsbeforeyou startyourtrip. Checkperiodicallytoseethatallhitchnutsandbolts aretight.TrailerWiringHarnessYourvehicleisequippedwithoneofthefollowingwiring harnessesfortowingatrailerorhaulingaslide-in camper.BasicTrailerWiringAllregular,extendedcabandcrewcabpickupshavean eight-wiretrailertowingharness. Forvehiclesnotequippedwithheavydutytrailering,the harnessisclippedtothevehicle’sframebehindthe sparetiremount.Theharnessrequirestheinstallation ofatrailerconnector,whichisavailablethrough yourdealer. 4-90

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Ifyourtrailerisequippedwithelectricbrakes,youcan getajumperharness(electrictrailerbrakecontrol) withatrailerbatteryfeedfusefromyourdealer. Ifyouneedtotowalight-dutytrailerwithastandard four-wayroundpinconnector,youcanalsogetan adapterfromyourdealer.Heavy-DutyTrailerWiringHarness PackageForvehiclesequippedwithheavydutytrailering,the harnessisconnectedtothetrailermountedtothehitch platform.Theeight-wireharnesscontainsthefollowing trailercircuits:Yellow:LeftStop/TurnSignalDarkGreen:RightStop/TurnSignalBrown:TaillampsWhite:GroundLightGreen:Back-upLampsLightBlue:CHMSL*Red:BatteryFeed**DarkBlue:TrailerBrake *TheCenterHigh-MountedStoplamp(CHMSL)wireis tiednexttothetrailerwiringharnessforusewitha trailer,slide-incamperorcap. **Ifyouarechargingaremote(non-vehicle)battery, turnontheheadlampstoboostthevehiclesystem voltageandproperlychargethebattery. 4-91

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Camper/Fifth-WheelTrailerWiringPackageNotice: Pullingafth-wheeltrailerwithavehicle thatisequippedwiththeSStrimpackagecould damagethevehicle.Donotpullafth-wheeltrailer withavehicleequippedwiththeSStrimpackage. Theeight-wirecamperharnessislocatedunderthefront edgeofthepickupboxonthedriver’ssideofthe vehicle,attachedtotheframebracket.Aconnectorwill havetobeaddedtothewiringharnesswhich connectstothecamper. Theeight-wireharnesscontainsthefollowing camper/trailercircuits:Yellow:LeftStop/TurnSignalDarkGreen:RightStop/TurnSignalBrown:TaillampsWhite:GroundLightGreen:Back-upLampsLightBlue:CenterHigh-MountedStoplamp (CHMSL)Red:BatteryFeedDarkBlue:TrailerBrake Ifyourvehicleisequippedwiththe“Heavy-Duty Trailering”option,pleasereferto“Heavy-DutyTrailer WiringPackage”earlierinthissection. Whenthecamper-wiringharnessisorderedwithoutthe heavy-dutytraileringpackage,aneight-wireharness withaseven-pinconnectorandseparateCHMSL connectorarelocatedattherearofthevehicleandare tiedtothevehicle’sframe. 4-92

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ElectricBrakeControlJumper {CAUTION:Besuretouseonlythecorrecttrailerbrake harness,theoneintendedforuseonyour vehicle.Ifyouusesomeothertrailerbrake harness,evenifitseemstot,yourtrailer brakesmaynotworkatall.Youcouldhavea crashinwhichyouorotherscouldbeinjured. Useonlythetrailerbrakeharnessintendedfor yourvehicle.Ifitisnolongeravailabletoyou, besuretogetaproperreplacementfromyour dealer. Thisharnessisincludedwithyourvehicleaspartofthe heavy-dutytrailerwiringpackage. Thisharnessisforanelectricbrakecontrollerand includesatrailerbatteryfeedfuse.Itshouldbeinstalled byyourdealeroraqualiedservicecenter. 4-93

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AuxiliaryBatteryTheauxiliarybatteryprovisioncanbeusedtosupply electricalpowertoadditionalequipmentthatyou maychoosetoadd,suchasaslide-incamper. Ifyourvehiclehasthis provision,thisrelaywillbe locatedonthepassenger’s sideofthevehicle,next totheauxiliarybattery. Whenusingthisprovision,connectionshouldonlybe madetotheupperstud(A)oftherelay.Donot makeconnectionstothelowerstud(B)oftherelay. Theauxiliarybatterycircuitisprotectedbyamegafuse locatedbehindtheauxiliarybattery. Besuretofollowtheproperinstallationinstructionsthat areincludedwithanyelectricalequipmentthatyou install. Notice: Leavingelectricalequipmentonfor extendedperiodswilldrainthebattery.Alwaysturn offelectricalequipmentwhennotinuseanddo notuseequipmentthatexceedsthemaximum amperageratingfortheauxiliarybatteryprovision.PowerWinchesIfyouwishtouseapowerwinchonyourvehicle,only useitwhenyourvehicleisstationaryoranchored. 4-94

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TrailerRecommendationsYoumustsubtractyourhitchloadsfromtheCWRfor yourvehicle.Weighyourvehiclewiththetrailer attached,sothatyouwon’tgoovertheGVWRor GAWR.Ifyouareusingaweight-distributinghitch, weighthevehiclewithoutthespringbarsinplace. You’llgetthebestperformanceifyouspreadoutthe weightofyourloadtherightway,andifyouchoosethe correcthitchandtrailerbrakes. Formoreinformation,see TowingaTraileron page4-67 .PowerTake-Off(PTO)BeforeusingaPowerTake-Off(PTO),ifequipped,refer tothemanufacturer’sorinstaller’sinstructions. ToengageaPTOonavehiclewithamanual transmissiondothefollowing: 1.Holdtheclutchpedaldown. 2.Settheparkingbrake. 3.ShiftthetransmissionintoNEUTRAL. 4.EngagethePTO.Refertothemanufacturer’sor installer’sforinstructionsonelectrically engagedPTOs. 5.Formobileoperations,shiftthetransmissioninto thegearyouwant,applytheregularbrakesand releasetheparkingbrake.Forstationaryoperations, leavetheparkingbrakeapplied. 6.Releasetheclutchandregularbrakesasyou normallywould.Whentheclutchisreleased, thePTOwillstart. 7.TurnthePTOrotaryswitchtoON. ToengageaPTOonavehiclewithanautomatic transmissiondothefollowing: 1.Forstationaryuseshiftthetransmission intoPARK(P). 2.TurnthePTOrotaryswitchON. 3.IftheenginespeedisbelowthePTOengage speedlimit,thePTOwillstart.TheblinkingLED onthePTOcontrolswitchindicatesPTOengageis requested.WhenPTOengagestheLEDwill switchfromblinkingtoasteadylight. 4-95

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TousePTOspeedcontrolinPresetMode(Factory Setting)dothefollowing: 1.EngagethePTO. 2.SelectPARK(P)orNEUTRAL(N)range.Applythe parkingbrakeifNEUTRAL(N)isselected.Torque ConverterClutch(TCC)isnotavailablein NEUTRAL(N)andisavailableonlyinPARK(P) whenenginespeedisabove1,100rpm. 3.Makesureyourfootisoffthebrakepedal(andoff theclutchonvehiclesequippedwithamanual transmission). 4.SelectthedesiredenginespeedforPTOoperation. Readthefollowingpresetmodeinformation regardingoperation. PresetMode: PTOspeedcontrolmodeisusedfor stationaryapplications.(PTOwillremainengagedwhile mobileinthepresetmode,howeverPTOsetand resumespeedcontrolswillbeinoperative.)Thismode providesadefaultstandbyspeedof800or850rpm (dependingontheengine/transmissioncombination)and twodefaultPTOcontrolspeedswhichfollow: 1.PTOSetSpeedof1,250rpm,or 2.PTOResumeSpeedof1,700rpm. Pleasenotethatthestandbyspeed(800/850rpm)is nottobeusedasaPTOcontrolspeed.Vehicles notequippedwithcruisecontrolwillnothavetheresume speedcapability. TousePTOspeedcontrolinvariablemode(while mobile)dothefollowing: 1.EngagethePTO. 2.Vehiclespeedmustbegreaterthan5mph. 3.Makesureyourfootisoffthebrakepedal(andoff theclutchforvehiclesequippedwithamanual transmission). 4.Selectthedesiredenginespeedbyusingthefoot pedal,andselectSETonthePTOswitchorthe cruisecontrol. TousePTOspeedcontrolinvariablemode(while stationary)dothefollowing: 1.EngagethePTO. 2.Vehiclespeedmustbelessthan5mph. 3.Makesureyourfootisoffthebrakepedal(andoff theclutchforvehiclesequippedwithamanual transmission). 4.Selectthedesiredenginespeedbyusingthefoot pedal,andselectSETonthePTOswitchorthe cruisecontrol. 4-96

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VariableMode: PTOspeedcontrolmodecanbeused forbothstationaryandmobileapplications.This modeallowsPTOtobecontrolledinafashionsimilarto howcruisecontrolsetsvehiclespeed.Theoperator cansettoanrpm(between800and2,200)with thecruisecontrolfeatureorwiththeSETpositionon thePTOswitch.Theoperatoristhenabletoincrease rpminincrementsof100,or“tapup”withtheresume positiononthecruisecontrol.Theoperatorcan alsodecreaserpminincrementsof100withtheSET switchonthePTOorthecruisecontrol. Vehiclesnotequippedwithcruisecontrolwillnothave the“tapup”capability. Allenginespeedvalueslistedabovearefactorypreset values.WiththeexceptionoftheTCClockupspeed (1,100rpm)andthe“tap”increment(100rpm),all ofthesevaluesareprogrammableandcanbeadjusted byyourdealerorbodyuptter.IfthePTOsoftware settingsdonotmatchthesettingsshownhere,thenthey mayhavealreadybeenalteredinordertosatisfythe requirementsoftheinstalledPTOsystemandbody equipment. WhenthePTOswitchisturnedon,theengineislimited to2,200rpms.Iftherearenoaccessoriesinstalled onthevehicle,makesurethePTOswitchisturnedoff.Step-BumperPadYourvehiclehasarearstepbumperwitharearstep padatthecenterofthebumper. Ifyouwillbeusingthe bumpertotowatrailer, andyourstep-bumperhas threecutoutcircles,you mustpushoutthe centercutoutcircleto installthetrailerball. Ifyourstep-bumperhasonlyonecutoutcircle,youwill havetocutoutthecircle,thenremoveittoinstall thetrailerball. 4-97

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NOTES 4-98

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Service ........................................................... .5-4 AccessoriesandModications ......................... .5-4 CaliforniaProposition65Warning .................... .5-4 DoingYourOwnServiceWork ........................ .5-5 AddingEquipmenttotheOutsideof YourVehicle ............................................. .5-5 Fuel ............................................................... .5-6 GasolineOctane ........................................... .5-6 GasolineSpecications ................................... .5-6 CaliforniaFuel .............................................. .5-7 Additives ...................................................... .5-7 FuelE85(85%Ethanol) ................................. .5-8 FuelsinForeignCountries .............................. .5-9 FillingtheTank ........................................... .5-10 FillingaPortableFuelContainer .................... .5-12 CheckingThingsUndertheHood ................... .5-12 HoodRelease ............................................. .5-13 EngineCompartmentOverview ...................... .5-14 EngineOil(GasolineEngine) ......................... .5-20 EngineOilLifeSystem(GasolineEngine) ....... .5-23 EngineAirCleaner/Filter(GasolineEngines) .... .5-25 AutomaticTransmissionFluid (ExceptAllisonTransmission)................... .5-27 AutomaticTransmissionFluid (AllisonTransmission).............................. .5-30 ManualTransmissionFluid ............................ .5-32 HydraulicClutch .......................................... .5-34 EngineCoolant ............................................ .5-35 CoolantSurgeTankPressureCap ................. .5-37 EngineOverheating ...................................... .5-37 OverheatedEngineProtectionOperating Mode(V8EnginesOnly) ........................... .5-40 CoolingSystem ........................................... .5-40 EngineFanNoise ........................................ .5-45 PowerSteeringFluid .................................... .5-46 WindshieldWasherFluid ............................... .5-47 Brakes ....................................................... .5-48 Battery ....................................................... .5-51 JumpStarting .............................................. .5-52 RearAxle ...................................................... .5-56 Four-WheelDrive ........................................... .5-58 FrontAxle ..................................................... .5-60 NoiseControlSystem .................................... .5-61 TamperingwithNoiseControlSystem Prohibited ................................................ .5-61 Section5ServiceandAppearanceCare 5-1

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BulbReplacement ......................................... .5-62 HalogenBulbs ............................................. .5-62 Headlamps ................................................. .5-62 FrontTurnSignal,SidemarkerandDaytime RunningLamps ........................................ .5-64 RoofMarkerLamps ..................................... .5-66 CenterHigh-MountedStoplamp(CHMSL)and CargoLamp ............................................ .5-67 PickupBoxIdenticationandFender MarkerLamps .......................................... .5-69 Taillamps,TurnSignal,Stoplampsand Back-upLamps ........................................ .5-69 ReplacementBulbs ...................................... .5-71 WindshieldWiperBladeReplacement ............. .5-72 Tires ............................................................. .5-73 TireSidewallLabeling .................................. .5-74 TireTerminologyandDenitions .................... .5-77 Ination-TirePressure ................................ .5-80 DualTireOperation ...................................... .5-82 TireInspectionandRotation .......................... .5-82 WhenItIsTimeforNewTires ...................... .5-85 BuyingNewTires ........................................ .5-86 DifferentSizeTiresandWheels ..................... .5-87 UniformTireQualityGrading ......................... .5-88 WheelAlignmentandTireBalance ................. .5-89 WheelReplacement ..................................... .5-89 TireChains ................................................. .5-91 IfaTireGoesFlat ....................................... .5-92 ChangingaFlatTire .................................... .5-92 RemovingtheSpareTireandTools ............... .5-94 RemovingtheFlatTireandInstallingthe SpareTire ............................................... .5-98 SecondaryLatchSystem ............................. .5-107 StoringaFlatorSpareTireandTools .......... .5-110 SpareTire ................................................ .5-114 AppearanceCare ......................................... .5-114 CleaningtheInsideofYourVehicle .............. .5-114 Fabric/Carpet ............................................. .5-116 Leather ..................................................... .5-116 InstrumentPanel,Vinyl,andOtherPlastic Surfaces ................................................ .5-117 CareofSafetyBelts ................................... .5-117 Weatherstrips ............................................ .5-117 WashingYourVehicle ................................. .5-118 CleaningExteriorLamps/Lenses ................... .5-118 FinishCare ............................................... .5-118 WindshieldandWiperBlades ...................... .5-119 AluminumorChrome-PlatedWheels ............. .5-119 Section5ServiceandAppearanceCare 5-2

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Tires ........................................................ .5-120 SheetMetalDamage .................................. .5-120 UnderbodyMaintenance .............................. .5-120 ChemicalPaintSpotting .............................. .5-121 VehicleCare/AppearanceMaterials ............... .5-121 VehicleIdentication .................................... .5-122 VehicleIdenticationNumber(VIN) ............... .5-122 ServicePartsIdenticationLabel .................. .5-123 ElectricalSystem ......................................... .5-123 Add-OnElectricalEquipment ........................ .5-123 WindshieldWiperFuses .............................. .5-123 PowerWindowsandOtherPowerOptions ..... .5-124 FusesandCircuitBreakers ......................... .5-124 InstrumentPanelFuseBlock ....................... .5-124 CenterInstrumentPanelFuseBlock ............. .5-126 UnderhoodFuseBlock ............................... .5-127 CapacitiesandSpecications ....................... .5-132 Section5ServiceandAppearanceCare 5-3

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ServiceYourdealerknowsyourvehiclebestandwantsyouto behappywithit.Wehopeyouwillgotoyourdealer forallyourserviceneeds.YouwillgetgenuineGMparts andGM-trainedandsupportedservicepeople. WehopeyouwillwanttokeepyourGMvehicleallGM. GenuineGMpartshaveoneofthesemarks:AccessoriesandModicationsWhenyouaddnon-GMaccessoriestoyourvehiclethey canaffectyourvehicle’sperformanceandsafety, includingsuchthingsas,braking,stability,rideand handling,emissionssystems,aerodynamics,durability, andelectronicsystemslikeantilockbrakes,traction controlandstabilitycontrol.Someoftheseaccessories mayevencausemalfunctionordamagenotcovered bywarranty. GMAccessoriesaredesignedtocomplementand functionwithothersystemsonyourvehicle.YourGM dealercanaccessorizeyourvehicleusinggenuine GMAccessories.WhenyougotoyourGMdealerand askforGMAccessories,youwillknowthatGM-trained andsupportedservicetechnicianswillperformthe workusinggenuineGMAccessories.CaliforniaProposition65WarningMostmotorvehicles,includingthisone,containand/or emitchemicalsknowntotheStateofCaliforniato causecancerandbirthdefectsorotherreproductive harm.Engineexhaust,manypartsandsystems (includingsomeinsidethevehicle),manyuids,and somecomponentwearby-productscontainand/oremit thesechemicals. 5-4

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DoingYourOwnServiceWork {CAUTION:Youcanbeinjuredandyourvehiclecouldbe damagedifyoutrytodoserviceworkona vehiclewithoutknowingenoughaboutit.Besureyouhavesufficientknowledge, experience,theproperreplacementparts, andtoolsbeforeyouattemptanyvehicle maintenancetask.Besuretousethepropernuts,bolts,and otherfasteners.Englishandmetric fastenerscanbeeasilyconfused.Ifyou usethewrongfasteners,partscanlater breakorfalloff.Youcouldbehurt. Ifyouwanttodosomeofyourownservicework,you willwanttousetheproperservicemanual.Ittells youmuchmoreabouthowtoserviceyourvehiclethan thismanualcan.Toordertheproperservicemanual, see ServicePublicationsOrderingInformationon page7-14 Yourvehiclehasanairbagsystem.Beforeattemptingto doyourownservicework,see ServicingYour Airbag-EquippedVehicleonpage1-86 Youshouldkeeparecordwithallpartsreceiptsandlist themileageandthedateofanyserviceworkyou perform.See MaintenanceRecordonpage6-19 .AddingEquipmenttotheOutsideof YourVehicleThingsyoumightaddtotheoutsideofyourvehiclecan affecttheairowaroundit.Thismaycausewind noiseandaffectwindshieldwasherperformance.Check withyourdealerbeforeaddingequipmenttothe outsideofyourvehicle. 5-5

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FuelIfyourvehiclehasadieselengine,see“DieselFuel RequirementsandFuelSystem”intheDURAMAXDieselSupplement. Forvehicleswithgasolineengines,pleasereadthis.GasolineThe8thdigitofyourvehicleidenticationnumber(VIN) showsthecodeletterornumberthatidentiesyour engine.YouwillndtheVINatthetopleftofthe instrumentpanel.See VehicleIdenticationNumber (VIN)onpage5-122 Ifyourvehiclehasthe5.3LV8engine(VINCodeZ), youmayuseeitherregularunleadedgasolineorethanol fuelcontainingupto85%ethanol(E85);alsosee FuelE85(85%Ethanol)onpage5-8 .Inallother gasolineengines,useonlyregularunleadedgasoline.GasolineOctaneForallvehicles,exceptthosewiththe6.0LV8engine (VINCodeN),useregularunleadedgasolinewith apostedoctaneratingof87orhigher.Iftheoctane ratingislessthan87,youmaynoticeanaudible knockingnoisewhenyoudrive,commonlyreferredto assparkknock.Ifthisoccurs,useagasolineratedat 87octaneorhigherassoonaspossible.Ifyouareusing gasolineratedat87octaneorhigherandyouhear heavyknocking,yourengineneedsservice. Ifyourvehiclehasthe6.0LV8engine(VINCodeN), usepremiumunleadedgasolinewithaposted octaneratingof91orhigher.Youmayalsouseregular unleadedgasolineratedat87octaneorhigher,but yourvehicle’saccelerationmaybeslightlyreduced,and youmaynoticeaslightaudibleknockingnoise, commonlyreferredtoassparkknock.Iftheoctaneis lessthan87,youmaynoticeaheavyknocking noisewhenyoudrive.Ifthisoccurs,useagasoline ratedat87octaneorhigherassoonaspossible. Otherwise,youmightdamageyourengine.Ifyouare usinggasolineratedat87octaneorhigherandyouhear heavyknocking,yourengineneedsservice.GasolineSpecicationsAtaminimum,gasolineshouldmeetASTMspecication D4814intheUnitedStatesorCAN/CGSB-3.5in Canada.Somegasolinesmaycontainan octane-enhancingadditivecalledmethylcyclopentadienyl manganesetricarbonyl(MMT).GeneralMotors recommendsagainsttheuseofgasolinescontaining MMT.See Additivesonpage5-7 foradditional information. 5-6

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CaliforniaFuelIfyourvehicleiscertiedtomeetCaliforniaEmissions Standards,itisdesignedtooperateonfuelsthat meetCaliforniaspecications.Seetheunderhood emissioncontrollabel.Ifthisfuelisnotavailable instatesadoptingCaliforniaemissionsstandards,your vehiclewilloperatesatisfactorilyonfuelsmeeting federalspecications,butemissioncontrolsystem performancemaybeaffected.Themalfunctionindicator lampmayturnonandyourvehiclemayfaila smog-checktest.See MalfunctionIndicatorLampon page3-45 .Ifthisoccurs,returntoyourauthorizedGM dealerfordiagnosis.Ifitisdeterminedthatthe conditioniscausedbythetypeoffuelused,repairs maynotbecoveredbyyourwarranty.AdditivesToprovidecleanerair,allgasolinesintheUnitedStates arenowrequiredtocontainadditivesthatwillhelp preventengineandfuelsystemdepositsfromforming, allowingyouremissioncontrolsystemtowork properly.Inmostcases,youshouldnothavetoadd anythingtoyourfuel.However,somegasolinescontain onlytheminimumamountofadditiverequiredto meetU.S.EnvironmentalProtectionAgencyregulations. Tohelpkeepfuelinjectorsandintakevalvesclean, orifyourvehicleexperiencesproblemsdueto dirtyinjectorsorvalves,lookforgasolinethatis advertisedasTOPTIERDetergentGasoline.Also,your GMdealerhasadditivesthatwillhelpcorrectand preventmostdeposit-relatedproblems. Gasolinescontainingoxygenates,suchasethersand ethanol,andreformulatedgasolinesmaybeavailablein yourarea.GeneralMotorsrecommendsthatyouuse thesegasolinesiftheycomplywiththespecications describedearlier.However,E85(85%ethanol)andother fuelscontainingmorethan10%ethanolmustnotbeused invehiclesthatwerenotdesignedforthosefuels. Notice: Yourvehiclewasnotdesignedforfuelthat containsmethanol.Donotusefuelcontaining methanol.Itcancorrodemetalpartsinyourfuel systemandalsodamagetheplasticandrubber parts.Thatdamagewouldnotbecoveredunder yourwarranty. Somegasolinesthatarenotreformulatedforlow emissionsmaycontainanoctane-enhancingadditive calledmethylcyclopentadienylmanganesetricarbonyl (MMT);asktheattendantwhereyoubuygasoline whetherthefuelcontainsMMT.GeneralMotors recommendsagainsttheuseofsuchgasolines.Fuels containingMMTcanreducethelifeofsparkplugs andtheperformanceoftheemissioncontrolsystemmay beaffected.Themalfunctionindicatorlampmayturn on.Ifthisoccurs,returntoyourauthorizedGMdealerfor service. 5-7

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FuelE85(85%Ethanol)The8thdigitofyourvehicleidenticationnumber(VIN) showsthecodeletterornumberthatidentiesyour engine.YouwillndtheVINatthetopleftofthe instrumentpanel.See VehicleIdenticationNumber (VIN)onpage5-122 Ifyourvehiclehasthe5.3LV8engine(VINCodeZonly), youmayuseeitherregularunleadedgasolineorethanol fuelcontainingupto85%ethanol(E85);alsosee Fuelon page5-6 .Inallotherengines,includingthe5.3LV8(VIN CodeT),useonlyregularunleadedgasoline. Onlyvehiclesthathavethe5.3LV8engine(VINCodeZ) mayuse85%ethanolfuel(E85).GeneralMotors encouragestheuseofE85invehiclesthataredesigned touseit.TheethanolinE85isa“renewable”fuel, meaningitismadefromrenewablesourcessuchascorn andothercrops. Manyservicestationswillnothavean85%ethanol fuel(E85)pumpavailable.TheU.S.Department ofEnergyhasanalternativefuelswebsite (http://www.eere.energy.gov/afdc/infrastructure/locator.html) thatcanhelpyoundE85fuel.Thosestationsthatdo haveE85shouldhavealabelindicatingethanol content.Donotusethefueliftheethanolcontentis greater than85%. Ataminimum,E85shouldmeetASTM SpecicationD5798. Toensurequickstartsinthewintertime,theE85fuel mustbeformulatedproperlyforyourclimateaccording toASTMspecicationD5798.Ifyouhavetrouble startingonE85,itmaybebecauseyourE85fuelisnot properlyformulatedforyourclimate.Ifthishappens, switchingtogasolineoraddinggasolinetoyourfueltank mayimprovestarting.Yourvehicleisdesignedto accommodateamixtureofgasolineandE85fuel.For goodstartingandheaterefficiencybelow32F(0C),the fuelmixinthefueltankshouldcontainnomorethan 70%ethanol. 5-8

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E85haslessenergypergallonthangasoline,soyou willneedtorellyourfueltankmoreoftenwhen usingE85thanwhenyouareusinggasoline.Regular unleadedgasolineisrecommendedwhenpullinga trailer.Forpayloadcapacitywithethanolfuel,see LoadingYourVehicleonpage4-48 Notice: Someadditivesarenotcompatiblewith E85fuelandmayharmyourfuelsystem.Damage causedbyadditiveswouldnotbecoveredby yournewvehiclewarranty.Donotuseadditives withE85fuel. Notice: Yourvehiclewasnotdesignedforfuelthat containsmethanol.Donotusefuelcontaining methanol.Itcancorrodemetalpartsinyourfuel systemandalsodamagetheplasticandrubber parts.Thatdamagewouldnotbecoveredunder yourwarranty.FuelsinForeignCountriesIfyouplanondrivinginanothercountryoutsidethe UnitedStatesorCanada,theproperfuelmaybehard tond.Neveruseleadedgasolineoranyotherfuel notrecommendedintheprevioustextonfuel.Costly repairscausedbyuseofimproperfuelwouldnot becoveredbyyourwarranty. Tocheckthefuelavailability,askanautoclub,or contactamajoroilcompanythatdoesbusinessinthe countrywhereyouwillbedriving. 5-9

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FillingtheTank {CAUTION:Fuelvaporburnsviolentlyandafuelrecan causebadinjuries.Tohelpavoidinjuriesto youandothers,readandfollowallthe instructionsonthepumpisland.Turnoffyour enginewhenyouarerefueling.Donotsmoke ifyouarenearfuelorrefuelingyourvehicle. Keepsparks,ames,andsmokingmaterials awayfromfuel.Donotleavethefuelpump unattendedwhenrefuelingyourvehicle—this isagainstthelawinsomeplaces.Keep childrenawayfromthefuelpump;neverlet childrenpumpfuel. Thetetheredfuelcapislocatedbehindahingedfuel dooronthedriver’ssideofthevehicle. Toremovethefuelcap,turnitslowlycounterclockwise. Itwillrequiremoreefforttoturnthefuelcaponthe lastturnasyouloosenit. {CAUTION:Ifyouspillfuelandthensomethingignitesit, youcouldbebadlyburned.Fuelcansprayout onyouifyouopenthefuelcaptooquickly. Thisspraycanhappenifyourtankisnearly full,andismorelikelyinhotweather.Open thefuelcapslowlyandwaitforanyhissnoise tostop.Thenunscrewthecapalltheway. 5-10

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Ifyourvehicleisadualfueltankchassiscabmodel, anditrunsoutoffuel,refuelthefrontfueltankrst toensureaquickrestart. Becarefulnottospillfuel.Donottopofforoverllthe tankandwaitafewsecondsafteryouhavenished pumpingbeforeremovingthenozzle.Cleanfuel frompaintedsurfacesassoonaspossible.See WashingYourVehicleonpage5-118 Whenreplacingthefuelcap,turnitclockwiseuntilit clicks.Itwillrequiremoreefforttoturnthefuelcapon thelastturnasyoutightenit.Makesurethecapis fullyinstalled.Thediagnosticsystemcandetermineif thefuelcaphasbeenleftofforimproperlyinstalled.This wouldallowfueltoevaporateintotheatmosphere. See MalfunctionIndicatorLamponpage3-45 TheTIGHTENFUELCAPmessagewillbedisplayedon theDriverInformationCenter(DIC)ifthefuelcapis notproperlyinstalled.See DICWarningsandMessages onpage3-54 formoreinformation. {CAUTION:Ifarestartswhileyouarerefueling,donot removethenozzle.Shutofftheowoffuelby shuttingoffthepumporbynotifyingthe stationattendant.Leavetheareaimmediately. Notice: Ifyouneedanewfuelcap,besuretoget therighttype.Yourdealercangetoneforyou. Ifyougetthewrongtype,itmaynottproperly. Thismaycauseyourmalfunctionindicatorlampto lightandmaydamageyourfueltankandemissions system.See MalfunctionIndicatorLampon page3-45 5-11

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FillingaPortableFuelContainer {CAUTION:Neverllaportablefuelcontainerwhileitisin yourvehicle.Staticelectricitydischargefrom thecontainercanignitethegasolinevapor. Youcanbebadlyburnedandyourvehicle damagedifthisoccurs.Tohelpavoidinjuryto youandothers:Dispensegasolineonlyintoapproved containers.Donotllacontainerwhileitisinsidea vehicle,inavehicle’strunk,pickupbed,or onanysurfaceotherthantheground.Bringthellnozzleincontactwiththe insideofthellopeningbeforeoperating thenozzle.Contactshouldbemaintained untilthellingiscomplete.Donotsmokewhilepumpinggasoline.CheckingThingsUnder theHood {CAUTION:Anelectricfanunderthehoodcanstartup andinjureyouevenwhentheengineisnot running.Keephands,clothingandtoolsaway fromanyunderhoodelectricfan. {CAUTION:Thingsthatburncangetonhotengineparts andstartare.Theseincludeliquidslikefuel, oil,coolant,brakeuid,windshieldwasherand otheruids,andplasticorrubber.Youor otherscouldbeburned.Becarefulnottodrop orspillthingsthatwillburnontoahotengine. 5-12

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HoodReleaseToopenthehooddothefollowing: 1.Pullthehandlewiththis symbolonit.Itis locatedinsidethe vehicletothelowerleft ofthesteeringwheel. 2.Thengotothefrontofthevehicleandpullupon thesecondaryhoodreleaselocatednearthe centerofthegrille. 3.Liftthehood. Beforeclosingthehood,besureallthellercaps areonproperly.Thenpulldownthehoodandclose itrmly. 5-13

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EngineCompartmentOverviewWhenyouopenthehoodonthe4.3LV6engine,hereiswhatyouwillsee: 5-14

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A.EngineAirCleaner/Filter.See EngineAir Cleaner/Filter(GasolineEngines)onpage5-25 B.CoolantSurgeTankandPressureCap.See Engine Coolantonpage5-35 and CoolantSurgeTank PressureCaponpage5-37 C.AirFilterRestrictionIndicator(IfEquipped).See EngineAirCleaner/Filter(GasolineEngines) onpage5-25 D.EngineOilDipstick.See“CheckingEngineOil” under EngineOil(GasolineEngine)onpage5-20 E.AutomaticTransmissionFluidDipstick(IfEquipped). See“CheckingtheFluidLevel”under Automatic TransmissionFluid(ExceptAllisonTransmission) onpage5-27 or AutomaticTransmissionFluid (AllisonTransmission)onpage5-30 F.EngineCoolingFan.See CoolingSystemon page5-40 G.EngineOilFillCap.See“WhentoAddEngineOil” under EngineOil(GasolineEngine)onpage5-20 H.PowerSteeringFluidReservoir.See PowerSteering Fluidonpage5-46 I.RemoteNegative( Š )Terminal(GND).See Jump Startingonpage5-52 J.RemotePositive(+)Terminal.See JumpStartingon page5-52 K.BrakeFluidReservoir.See“BrakeFluid”under Brakesonpage5-48 L.ClutchFluidReservoir(IfEquipped).See Hydraulic Clutchonpage5-34 M.UnderhoodFuseBlock.See UnderhoodFuseBlock onpage5-127 N.Battery.See Batteryonpage5-51 O.WindshieldWasherFluidReservoir.See“Adding WasherFluid”under WindshieldWasherFluid onpage5-47 5-15

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Whenyouopenthehoodonthe5.3LV8engine(4.8Land6.0LV8enginessimilar),hereiswhatyouwillsee: 5-16

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A.EngineAirCleaner/Filter.See EngineAir Cleaner/Filter(GasolineEngines)onpage5-25 B.CoolantSurgeTankandPressureCap.See Engine Coolantonpage5-35 and CoolantSurgeTank PressureCaponpage5-37 C.AirFilterRestrictionIndicator(IfEquipped).See EngineAirCleaner/Filter(GasolineEngines) onpage5-25 D.EngineOilDipstick.See“CheckingEngineOil” under EngineOil(GasolineEngine)onpage5-20 E.AutomaticTransmissionFluidDipstick(IfEquipped). See“CheckingtheFluidLevel”under Automatic TransmissionFluid(ExceptAllisonTransmission) onpage5-27 or AutomaticTransmissionFluid (AllisonTransmission)onpage5-30 F.EngineOilFillCap.See“WhentoAddEngineOil” under EngineOil(GasolineEngine)onpage5-20 G.EngineCoolingFan.See CoolingSystemon page5-40 H.RemoteNegative( Š )Terminal(GND).See Jump Startingonpage5-52 I.PowerSteeringFluidReservoir.See PowerSteering Fluidonpage5-46 J.RemotePositive(+)Terminal.See JumpStartingon page5-52 K.BrakeFluidReservoir.See“BrakeFluid”under Brakesonpage5-48 L.ClutchFluidReservoir(IfEquipped).See Hydraulic Clutchonpage5-34 M.UnderhoodFuseBlock.See UnderhoodFuseBlock onpage5-127 N.Battery.See Batteryonpage5-51 O.WindshieldWasherFluidReservoir.See“Adding WasherFluid”under WindshieldWasherFluid onpage5-47 5-17

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Whenyouopenthehoodonthe8.1LV8engine,hereiswhatyouwillsee: 5-18

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A.EngineAirCleaner/Filter.See EngineAir Cleaner/Filter(GasolineEngines)onpage5-25 B.CoolantSurgeTankandPressureCap.See Engine Coolantonpage5-35 and CoolantSurgeTank PressureCaponpage5-37 C.AirFilterRestrictionIndicator(IfEquipped).See EngineAirCleaner/Filter(GasolineEngines) onpage5-25 D.EngineOilDipstick.See“CheckingEngineOil” under EngineOil(GasolineEngine)onpage5-20 E.AutomaticTransmissionFluidDipstick(IfEquipped). See“CheckingtheFluidLevel”under Automatic TransmissionFluid(ExceptAllisonTransmission) onpage5-27 or AutomaticTransmissionFluid (AllisonTransmission)onpage5-30 F.EngineOilFillCap.See“WhentoAddEngineOil” under EngineOil(GasolineEngine)onpage5-20 G.EngineCoolingFan.See CoolingSystemon page5-40 H.RemoteNegative( Š )Terminal(GND).See Jump Startingonpage5-52 I.RemotePositive(+)Terminal.See JumpStartingon page5-52 J.PowerSteeringFluidReservoir.See PowerSteering Fluidonpage5-46 K.BrakeFluidReservoir.See“BrakeFluid”under Brakesonpage5-48 L.ClutchFluidReservoir(IfEquipped).See Hydraulic Clutchonpage5-34 M.UnderhoodFuseBlock.See UnderhoodFuseBlock onpage5-127 N.Battery.See Batteryonpage5-51 O.WindshieldWasherFluidReservoir.See“Adding WasherFluid”under WindshieldWasherFluid onpage5-47 5-19

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EngineOil(GasolineEngine)Ifyourvehiclehasadieselengine,see“EngineOil”in theDURAMAXDieselEngineSupplement. IftheCHECKOILLEVELlightappearsonthe instrumentcluster(exceptvehiclesequippedwiththe 4.3Lengine),itmeansyouneedtocheckyourengineoil levelrightaway. Formoreinformation,see DriverInformationCenter (DIC)onpage3-51 Youshouldcheckyourengineoillevelregularly;thisis anaddedreminder.CheckingEngineOilItisagoodideatocheckyourengineoileverytimeyou getfuel.Inordertogetanaccuratereading,theoil mustbewarmandthevehiclemustbeonlevelground. Theengineoildipstickhandleisayellowloop.See EngineCompartmentOverviewonpage5-14 for thelocationoftheengineoildipstick. 1.Turnofftheengineandgivetheoilseveralminutes todrainbackintotheoilpan.Ifyoudonotdothis, theoildipstickmightnotshowtheactuallevel. 2.Pulloutthedipstickandcleanitwithapapertowel orcloth,thenpushitbackinalltheway.Removeit again,keepingthetipdown,andcheckthelevel. 5-20

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WhentoAddEngineOilIftheoilisbelowthecross-hatchedareaatthetipof thedipstick,youwillneedtoaddatleastonequart/liter ofoil.Butyoumustusetherightkind.Thissection explainswhatkindofoiltouse.Forengineoilcrankcase capacity,see CapacitiesandSpecicationson page5-132 Notice: Donotaddtoomuchoil.Iftheenginehas somuchoilthattheoillevelgetsabovethe cross-hatchedareathatshowstheproperoperating range,theenginecouldbedamaged. See EngineCompartment Overviewonpage5-14 for thelocationofthe engineoilllcap. Besuretoaddenoughoiltoputthelevelsomewherein theproperoperatingrange.Pushthedipstickallthe waybackinwhenyouarethrough. AllExcept8.1LEngine 8.1LEngine 5-21

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WhatKindofEngineOiltoUseLookfortwothings:GM6094M Yourvehicle’senginerequiresoilmeetingGM StandardGM6094M.Youshouldlookforanduse onlyanoilthatmeetsGMStandardGM6094M.SAE5W-30 Asshownintheviscositychart,SAE5W-30isbest foryourvehicle. Thesenumbersonanoilcontainershowits viscosity,orthickness.Donotuseotherviscosity oilssuchasSAE20W-50. Oilsmeetingthese requirementsshouldalso havethestarburst symbolonthecontainer. Thissymbolindicates thattheoilhasbeen certiedbytheAmerican PetroleumInstitute(API). Youshouldlookforthisinformationontheoilcontainer, anduse only thoseoilsthatareidentiedasmeeting GMStandardGM6094Mandhavethestarburstsymbol onthefrontoftheoilcontainer. Notice: Useonlyengineoilidentiedasmeeting GMStandardGM6094MandshowingtheAmerican PetroleumInstituteCertiedForGasolineEngines starburstsymbol.Failuretousetherecommended oilcanresultinenginedamagenotcoveredby yourwarranty. GMGoodwrenchoilmeetsalltherequirementsfor yourvehicle. 5-22

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Ifyouareinanareaofextremecold,wherethe temperaturefallsbelow Š 20F( Š 29C),itis recommendedthatyouuseeitheranSAE5W-30 syntheticoiloranSAE0W-30oil.Bothwillprovide easiercoldstartingandbetterprotectionforyourengine atextremelylowtemperatures.EngineOilAdditivesDonotaddanythingtoyouroil.Therecommendedoils withthestarburstsymbolthatmeetGMStandard GM6094Mareallyouwillneedforgoodperformance andengineprotection.EngineOilLifeSystem (GasolineEngine)WhentoChangeEngineOilYourvehiclehasacomputersystemthatletsyouknow whentochangetheengineoilandlter.Thisisbasedon enginerevolutionsandenginetemperature,andnoton mileage.Basedondrivingconditions,themileageat whichanoilchangewillbeindicatedcanvary considerably.Fortheoillifesystemtoworkproperly,you mustresetthesystemeverytimetheoilischanged. Whenthesystemhascalculatedthatoillifehasbeen diminished,itwillindicatethatanoilchangeis necessary.ACHANGEENGINEOILmessagewill comeon.See DICWarningsandMessageson page3-54 .Changeyouroilassoonaspossiblewithin thenext600miles(1000km).Itispossiblethat,if youaredrivingunderthebestconditions,theoil lifesystemmaynotindicatethatanoilchangeis necessaryforoverayear.However,yourengineoiland ltermustbechangedatleastonceayearandat thistimethesystemmustbereset.Yourdealerhas GM-trainedservicepeoplewhowillperformthis workusinggenuineGMpartsandresetthesystem.Itis alsoimportanttocheckyouroilregularlyandkeepit attheproperlevel. Ifthesystemiseverresetaccidentally,youmust changeyouroilat3,000miles(5000km)sinceyour lastoilchange.Remembertoresettheoillifesystem whenevertheoilischanged. 5-23

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HowtoResettheEngineOilLife SystemTheEngineOilLifeSystemcalculateswhentochange yourengineoilandlterbasedonvehicleuse. Anytimeyouroilischanged,resetthesystemsoitcan calculatewhenthenextoilchangeisrequired.Ifa situationoccurswhereyouchangeyouroilpriortoa CHANGEENGINEOILmessagebeingturnedon,reset thesystem. ToresettheEngineOilLifeSystem,dothefollowing: 1.TurntheignitionkeytoRUNwiththeengineoff. 2.Fullypressandreleasetheacceleratorpedalthree timeswithinveseconds. IftheOILLIFERESETmessageashesfor 10seconds,thesystemisresetting. 3.TurnthekeytoLOCK. IftheCHANGEENGINEOILmessagecomesbackon whenyoustartyourvehicle,theengineoillifesystem hasnotreset.Repeattheprocedure.Ifitstilldoes notreset,seeyourdealerforservice.WhattoDowithUsedOilUsedengineoilcontainscertainelementsthatmaybe unhealthyforyourskinandcouldevencausecancer. Donotletusedoilstayonyourskinforverylong.Clean yourskinandnailswithsoapandwater,oragood handcleaner.Washorproperlydisposeofclothingor ragscontainingusedengineoil.Seethemanufacturer’s warningsabouttheuseanddisposalofoilproducts. Usedoilcanbeathreattotheenvironment.Ifyou changeyourownoil,besuretodrainalltheoilfromthe lterbeforedisposal.Neverdisposeofoilbyputtingit inthetrash,pouringitontheground,intosewers,orinto streamsorbodiesofwater.Instead,recycleitby takingittoaplacethatcollectsusedoil.Ifyouhavea problemproperlydisposingofyourusedoil,ask yourdealer,aservicestationoralocalrecyclingcenter forhelp. 5-24

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EngineAirCleaner/Filter (GasolineEngines)Ifyourvehiclehasadieselengine,see“PickupModels” under“EngineAirCleaner/Filter”intheDURAMAXDieselSupplementforthecorrectinspectionand replacementprocedures. See EngineCompartment Overviewonpage5-14 for thelocationofthe engineaircleaner/lterand theairlterrestriction indicator,ifequipped.WhentoInspecttheEngineAir Cleaner/FilterIfyourvehicleisequippedwithanairlterrestriction indicator,itletsyouknowwhentheengineaircleaner/ lterneedstobereplaced.Onvehicleswitharestriction indicator,youshouldinspecttheairlterrestriction indicatorateveryoilchangeandreplacetheengineair cleaner/lterwhentheindicatortellsyouto. Onvehicleswithoutanairlterrestrictionindicator, inspecttheaircleaner/lterattheMaintenance II intervalsandreplaceitattherstoilchangeaftereach 50,000mile(83000km)interval.See Scheduled Maintenance(GasolineEngine)onpage6-4 formore information.Ifyouaredrivingindusty/dirtyconditions, inspectthelterateachengineoilchange.HowtoInspecttheEngineAir Cleaner/FilterVehiclesWithanAirFilterRestriction IndicatorLocatetheairlterrestrictionindicatorontheengineair cleaner/ltercover.Whentheindicatorturnsblackor isinthered/orange“change”zone,replacethelterand resettheindicator.Seethestepsfollowingtoreplace theengineaircleaner/lterandtoresettheairlter restrictionindicator.VehiclesWithoutanAirFilterRestriction IndicatorToinspecttheaircleaner/lter,removetheengineair cleaner/lterfromthevehicleusingthestepsfollowing. Whenyouhavetheengineaircleaner/lterremoved, lightlyshakeittoreleaseloosedustanddirt.Ifthe engineaircleaner/lterremainscakedwithdirt,anew lterisrequired. 5-25

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ReplacingtheEngineAirCleaner/Filter andResettingtheAirFilterRestriction Indicator1.Locatetheaircleaner/lterassemblyonthefront corneroftheenginecompartmentonthe passenger’ssideofthevehicle. 2.Loosenthescrewsonthecoverofthehousingand liftupthecover. 3.Removetheengineaircleaner/lterfromthe housing.Careshouldbetakentodislodgeas littledirtaspossible. 4.Cleantheengineaircleaner/ltersealingsurfaces andthehousing. 5.Inspectorreplacetheengineaircleaner/lter. 6.Reinstallthecoverandtightenthescrews. 7.Resettheairlterrestrictionindicator,ifequipped, bypressingthetopbuttonontheindicator. 5-26

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{CAUTION:Operatingtheenginewiththeaircleaner/lter offcancauseyouorotherstobeburned.The aircleanernotonlycleanstheair;ithelpsto stopamesiftheenginebackres.Ifitisnot thereandtheenginebackres,youcouldbe burned.Donotdrivewithitoff,andbecareful workingontheenginewiththeair cleaner/lteroff.AutomaticTransmissionFluid (ExceptAllisonTransmission)WhentoCheckandChangeAutomatic TransmissionFluidAgoodtimetocheckyourautomatictransmissionuid leveliswhentheengineoilischanged. Changetheuidandlterattheintervalslistedin AdditionalRequiredServices(GasolineEngine)on page6-7 ,andbesuretousethetransmissionuidlisted in RecommendedFluidsandLubricants(Gasoline Engine)onpage6-14 .HowtoCheckAutomatic TransmissionFluidBecausethisoperationcanbealittledifficult,youmay choosetohavethisdoneatthedealershipservice department. Ifyoudoityourself,besuretofollowalltheinstructions here,oryoucouldgetafalsereadingonthedipstick. Notice: Toomuchortoolittleuidcandamage yourtransmission.Toomuchcanmeanthatsome oftheuidcouldcomeoutandfallonhotengine partorexhaustsystemparts,startingare. Toolittleuidcouldcausethetransmissionto overheat.Besuretogetanaccuratereadingifyou checkyourtransmissionuid. Waitatleast30minutesbeforecheckingthe transmissionuidlevelifyouhavebeendriving:Whenoutsidetemperaturesareabove90F(32C).Athighspeedforquiteawhile.Inheavytraffic—especiallyinhotweather.Whilepullingatrailer. Togettherightreading,theuidshouldbeatnormal operatingtemperature,whichis180Fto200F (82Cto93C). 5-27

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Getthevehiclewarmedupbydrivingabout15miles (24km)whenoutsidetemperaturesareabove50F (10C).Ifitiscolderthan50F(10C),drivethevehicle inTHIRD(3)untiltheenginetemperaturegage movesandthenremainssteadyfor10minutes. Acolduidcheckcanbemadeafterthevehiclehas beensittingforeighthoursormorewiththeengineoff, butthisisusedonlyasareference.Lettheengine runatidleforveminutesifoutsidetemperaturesare 50F(10C)ormore.Ifitiscolderthan50F(10C),you mayhavetoidletheenginelonger.Shouldtheuid levelbelowduringthiscoldcheck,youmustcheckthe uidhotbeforeaddinguid.Checkingtheuidhot willgiveyouamoreaccuratereadingoftheuidlevel.CheckingtheFluidLevelPrepareyourvehicleasfollows: 1.Parkyourvehicleonalevelplace.Keeptheengine running. 2.Withtheparkingbrakeapplied,placetheshiftlever inPARK(P). 3.Withyourfootonthebrakepedal,movetheshift leverthrougheachgearrange,pausingforabout threesecondsineachrange.Then,position theshiftleverinPARK(P). 4.Lettheenginerunatidleforthreeminutesormore. Then,withoutshuttingofftheengine,followthesesteps: Thetransmissiondipstick handlewiththisgraphicis locatedattherearof theenginecompartment, onthepassenger’s sideofthevehicle. See EngineCompartmentOverviewonpage5-14 for moreinformationonlocation. 1.Flipthehandleupandthenpulloutthedipstick andwipeitwithacleanragorpapertowel. 2.Pushitbackinalltheway,waitthreesecondsand thenpullitbackoutagain. 5-28

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3.Checkbothsidesofthedipstick,andreadthelower level.TheuidlevelmustbeintheCOLDarea, belowthecross-hatchedarea,foracoldcheckorin theHOTorcross-hatchedareaforahotcheck. Besuretokeepthedipstickpointeddowntogetan accuratereading. 4.Iftheuidlevelisintheacceptablerange,pushthe dipstickbackinalltheway;thenipthehandle downtolockthedipstickinplace.ConsistencyofReadingsAlwayschecktheuidlevelatleasttwiceusingthe proceduredescribedpreviously.Consistency(repeatable readings)isimportanttomaintainingproperuidlevel.If inconsistentreadingspersist,checkthetransmission breatherhosetobesureitiscleanandunclogged.If readingsarestillinconsistent,contactyourdealer.HowtoAddAutomatic TransmissionFluidRefertotheMaintenanceScheduletodeterminewhat kindoftransmissionuidtouse.See Recommended FluidsandLubricants(GasolineEngine)onpage6-14 Adduidonlyaftercheckingthetransmissionuid whileitishot.Acoldcheckisusedonlyasareference. Iftheuidlevelislow,addonlyenoughoftheproper uidtobringtheleveluptotheHOTareaforahot check.Itdoesnottakemuchuid,generallylessthan onepint(0.5L).Donotoverll. Notice: Useoftheincorrectautomatictransmission uidmaydamageyourvehicle,andthedamages maynotbecoveredbyyourwarranty.Always usetheautomatictransmissionuidlistedin RecommendedFluidsandLubricants(Gasoline Engine)onpage6-14 .Afteraddinguid,rechecktheuidlevelas describedunder“HowtoCheckAutomatic TransmissionFluid,”earlierinthissection.Whenthecorrectuidlevelisobtained,pushthe dipstickbackinalltheway;thenipthehandle downtolockthedipstickinplace. 5-29

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AutomaticTransmissionFluid (AllisonTransmission)WhentoCheckandChangeAutomatic TransmissionFluidAgoodtimetocheckyourautomatictransmissionuid leveliswhentheengineoilischanged. Changetheuidandlterattheintervalslistedin AdditionalRequiredServices(GasolineEngine)on page6-7 ,andbesuretousethetransmissionuidlisted in RecommendedFluidsandLubricants(Gasoline Engine)onpage6-14 .HowtoCheckAutomatic TransmissionFluidBecausethisoperationcanbealittledifficult,youmay choosetohavethisdoneatthedealershipservice department. Ifyoudoityourself,besuretofollowalltheinstructions here,oryoucouldgetafalsereadingonthedipstick. Notice: Toomuchortoolittleuidcandamage yourtransmission.Toomuchcanmeanthatsome oftheuidcouldcomeoutandfallonhotengine partorexhaustsystemparts,startingare. Toolittleuidcouldcausethetransmissionto overheat.Besuretogetanaccuratereadingifyou checkyourtransmissionuid. Waitatleast30minutesbeforecheckingthe transmissionuidlevelifyouhavebeendriving:Whenoutsidetemperaturesareabove90F(32C).Athighspeedforquiteawhile.Inheavytraffic—especiallyinhotweather.Whilepullingatrailer.CheckingtheFluidLevelPrepareyourvehicleasfollows: 1.Parkyourvehicleonalevelplace.Keeptheengine running. 2.Withtheparkingbrakeapplied,placetheshiftlever inPARK(P). 3.Withyourfootonthebrakepedal,runtheengine foratleastonceminuteandshifttoDRIVE(D). ThenshifttoNEUTRAL(N)andthenREVERSE(R) tollthehydraulicsystem.Then,positionthe shiftleverinPARK(P). 4.Allowtheenginetorunatidle(500–800rpm). Slowlyreleasethebrakepedal. 5-30

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Then,withoutshuttingofftheengine,followthesesteps:ColdCheckProcedureThepurposeofthecoldcheckistodetermineifthe transmissionhasenoughuidtobeoperatedsafelyuntil ahotcheckcanbemade.Theuidlevelrisesasuid temperatureincreases.DonotllabovetheCOLD CHECKbandifthetransmissionuidisbelownormal operatingtemperatures. 1.Pulloutthedipstickandwipeitwithacleanragor papertowel. 2.Pushitbackinalltheway,waitthreesecondsand thenpullitbackoutagain. 3.Checktheuidlevelreading.Repeatthecheck proceduretoverifythereading. 4.IftheuidleveliswithintheCOLDCHECKband, thetransmissionmaybeoperateduntiltheuidis hotenoughtoperformahotcheck.Iftheuid levelisnotwithintheCOLDCHECKband,addor drainuidasnecessarytobringthelevelinto themiddleoftheCOLDCHECKband. 5.Performahotcheckattherstopportunityafterthe normaloperatingtemperatureof160F(71C)to 200F(93C)isreached. 6.Iftheuidlevelisintheacceptablerange,pushthe dipstickbackinalltheway.HotCheckProcedureTheuidmustbehottoensureanaccuratecheck.The uidlevelrisesasthetemperatureincreases. 1.OperatethetransmissioninDRIVE(D)rangeuntil thenormaloperatingtemperatureof160F(71C) to200F(93C)isreached. 2.Pulloutthedipstickandwipeitwithacleanragor papertowel. 3.Pushitbackinalltheway,waitthreesecondsand thenpullitbackoutagain.Repeatthecheck proceduretoverifythereading. 4.SafeoperatingleveliswithintheHOTRUNband onthedipstick.ThewidthoftheHOTRUNband representsapproximately1.06quart(1.0liter) ofuidatnormaloperatingtemperature. 5.IftheuidlevelisnotwithintheHOTRUNband, addordrainuidasnecessarytobringtheuid leveltowithintheHOTRUNband. 6.Iftheuidlevelisintheacceptablerange,pushthe dipstickbackinalltheway. 5-31

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ConsistencyofReadingsAlwayschecktheuidlevelatleasttwiceusingthe proceduresdescribedpreviously.Consistency (repeatablereadings)isimportanttomaintainingproper uidlevel.Ifinconsistentreadingspersist,checkthe transmissionbreathertobesureitiscleanand unclogged.Ifreadingsarestillinconsistent,contactyour dealer.HowtoAddAutomatic TransmissionFluidRefertotheMaintenanceScheduletodeterminewhat kindoftransmissionuidtouse.See Recommended FluidsandLubricants(GasolineEngine)onpage6-14 Adduidonlyaftercheckingthetransmissionuid whileitishot.Acoldcheckisusedonlyasareference. Iftheuidlevelislow,addonlyenoughoftheproper uidtobringtheleveluptotheHOTareaforahot check.Itdoesnottakemuchuid,generallylessthan onepint(0.5L).Donotoverll. Notice: Useoftheincorrectautomatictransmission uidmaydamageyourvehicle,andthedamages maynotbecoveredbyyourwarranty.Always usetheautomatictransmissionuidlistedin RecommendedFluidsandLubricants(Gasoline Engine)onpage6-14 .Afteraddinguid,rechecktheuidlevelas describedunder“HowtoCheckAutomatic TransmissionFluid,”earlierinthissection.Whenthecorrectuidlevelisobtained,pushthe dipstickbackinalltheway.ManualTransmissionFluidWhentoCheckManual TransmissionFluidAgoodtimetohaveyourmanualtransmissionuid checkediswhentheengineoilischanged.See AdditionalRequiredServices(GasolineEngine)on page6-7 tondoutwhentochangeyour transmissionuid. 5-32

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HowtoCheckManual TransmissionFluidBecausethisoperationcanbealittledifficult,youmay choosetohavethisdoneatthedealershipservice department. Ifyoudoityourself,besuretofollowalltheinstructions here,oryoucouldgetafalsereading. Notice: Toomuchortoolittleuidcandamage yourtransmission.Toomuchcanmeanthatsome oftheuidcouldcomeoutandfallonhotengine partorexhaustsystemparts,startingare. Toolittleuidcouldcausethetransmissionto overheat.Besuretogetanaccuratereadingifyou checkyourtransmissionuid. Checktheuidlevelonlywhenyourengineisoff,the vehicleisparkedonalevelplace,andthetransmission iscoolenoughforyoutorestyourngersonthe transmissioncase. Then,followthesesteps: 1.Removethellerplug. 2.Checkthatthelubricantlevelisuptothebottomof thellerplughole. 3.Iftheuidlevelisgood,installtheplugandbesure itisfullyseated.Iftheuidlevelislow,addmore uidasdescribedinthenextsteps. 5-speedforVORTEC™4300V6and4800V8engines shown,othermanualtransmissionssimilar 5-33

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HowtoAddManualTransmissionFluidHereishowtoadduid.RefertotheMaintenance Scheduletodeterminewhatkindofuidtouse.See RecommendedFluidsandLubricants(GasolineEngine) onpage6-14 1.Removethellerplug. 2.Adduidatthellerplughole.Addonlyenough uidtobringtheuidleveluptothebottomofthe llerplughole. 3.Installthellerplug.Besuretheplugisfully seated.HydraulicClutchThehydraulicclutchlinkageinyourvehicleis self-adjusting.Theclutchmastercylinderreservoiris lledwithhydraulicclutchuid. Itisnotnecessarytoregularlycheckclutchuidunless yoususpectthereisaleakinthesystem.Adding uidwillnotcorrectaleak. Auidlossinthissystemcouldindicateaproblem. Havethesysteminspectedandrepaired.WhentoCheckandWhattoUseTheclutchmastercylinder reservoirislocatedinthe rearoftheengine compartmentonthe driver’ssideofthevehicle. See EngineCompartment Overviewonpage5-14 formoreinformation onlocation. RefertotheMaintenanceScheduletodeterminehow oftenyoushouldchecktheuidlevelinyourclutch mastercylinderreservoirandfortheproperuid.See OwnerChecksandServicesonpage6-11 and RecommendedFluidsandLubricants(GasolineEngine) onpage6-14 5-34

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HowtoCheckandAddFluidTheproperuidshouldbeaddediftheleveldoesnot reachthebottomofthediaphragmwhenitisinplacein thereservoir.Seetheinstructionsonthereservoircap.EngineCoolantThecoolingsysteminyourvehicleislledwith DEX-COOLenginecoolant.Thiscoolantisdesigned toremaininyourvehicleforveyearsor150,000miles (240000km),whicheveroccursrst,ifyouaddonly DEX-COOLextendedlifecoolant. Thefollowingexplainsyourcoolingsystemandhowto addcoolantwhenitislow.Ifyouhaveaproblem withengineoverheating,see EngineOverheatingon page5-37 A50/50mixtureofclean,drinkablewaterand DEX-COOLcoolantwill:Givefreezingprotectiondownto Š 34F( Š 37C).Giveboilingprotectionupto265F(129C).Protectagainstrustandcorrosion.Helpkeeptheproperenginetemperature.Letthewarninglightsandgagesworkasthey should. Notice: UsingcoolantotherthanDEX-COOLmay causeprematureengine,heatercore,orradiator corrosion.Inaddition,theenginecoolantmay requirechangingsooner,attherstmaintenance serviceaftereach25,000miles(41500km)or 24months,whicheveroccursrst.Anyrepairs wouldnotbecoveredbyyourwarranty.Alwaysuse DEX-COOL(silicate-free)coolantinyourvehicle. 5-35

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WhattoUseUseamixtureofone-halfclean,drinkablewaterand one-halfDEX-COOLcoolantwhichwillnotdamage aluminumparts.Ifyouusethiscoolantmixture,youdo notneedtoaddanythingelse. {CAUTION:Addingonlyplainwatertoyourcooling systemcanbedangerous.Plainwater,or someotherliquidsuchasalcohol,canboil beforethepropercoolantmixturewill.Your vehicle’scoolantwarningsystemissetforthe propercoolantmixture.Withplainwaterorthe wrongmixture,yourenginecouldgettoohot butyouwouldnotgettheoverheatwarning. Yourenginecouldcatchreandyouorothers couldbeburned.Usea50/50mixtureofclean, drinkablewaterandDEX-COOLcoolant. Notice: Ifyouuseanimpropercoolantmixture,your enginecouldoverheatandbebadlydamaged.The repaircostwouldnotbecoveredbyyourwarranty. Toomuchwaterinthemixturecanfreezeandcrack theengine,radiator,heatercoreandotherparts. Ifyouhavetoaddcoolantmorethanfourtimesayear, haveyourdealercheckyourcoolingsystem. Notice: Ifyouuseextrainhibitorsand/oradditivesin yourvehicle’scoolingsystem,youcoulddamage yourvehicle.Useonlythepropermixtureofthe enginecoolantlistedinthismanualforthecooling system.See RecommendedFluidsandLubricants (GasolineEngine)onpage6-14 formoreinformation.CheckingCoolantThecoolantsurgetankislocatedintheengine compartmentonthepassenger’ssideofthevehicle. See EngineCompartmentOverviewonpage5-14 formoreinformationonlocation. {CAUTION:Turningthesurgetankpressurecapwhenthe engineandradiatorarehotcanallowsteam andscaldingliquidstoblowoutandburnyou badly.Neverturnthesurgetankpressure cap—evenalittle—whentheengineand radiatorarehot. Thevehiclemustbeonalevelsurface.Whenyour engineiscold,thecoolantlevelshouldbeattheFULL COLDmark. 5-36

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Ifyourvehicleisequippedwithalowcoolantsensor andtheLOWCOOLANTLEVELmessagecomes onandstayson,itmeansyouarelowonengine coolant.See“LOWCOOLANTLEVEL”under DIC WarningsandMessagesonpage3-54 .AddingCoolantIfyouneedmorecoolant,addtheproperDEX-COOLcoolantmixtureatthesurgetank,butonlywhenthe engineiscool. {CAUTION:Youcanbeburnedifyouspillcoolantonhot engineparts.Coolantcontainsethyleneglycol, anditwillburniftheenginepartsarehot enough.Donotspillcoolantonahotengine. Whenreplacingthepressurecap,makesureitis hand-tightandfullyseated.CoolantSurgeTankPressureCapNotice: Ifthepressurecapisnottightlyinstalled, coolantlossandpossibleenginedamagemay occur.Besurethecapisproperlyandtightly secured. Thecoolantsurgetankpressurecapmustbefully installedonthecoolantsurgetank.See Engine CompartmentOverviewonpage5-14 formore informationonlocation.EngineOverheatingYouwillndacoolanttemperaturegageonyour vehicle’sinstrumentpanel.See EngineCoolant TemperatureGageonpage3-43 Inaddition,youwillndanENGINEOVERHEATED andaREDUCEDENGINEPOWERmessagein theDriverInformationCenter(DIC)ontheinstrument panel.See DICWarningsandMessagesonpage3-54 5-37

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IfSteamIsComingFromYourEngine {CAUTION:Steamfromanoverheatedenginecanburn youbadly,evenifyoujustopenthehood.Stay awayfromtheengineifyouseeorhearsteam comingfromit.Justturnitoffandget everyoneawayfromthevehicleuntilitcools down.Waituntilthereisnosignofsteamor coolantbeforeyouopenthehood. Ifyoukeepdrivingwhenyourengineis overheated,theliquidsinitcancatchre.You orotherscouldbebadlyburned.Stopyour engineifitoverheats,andgetoutofthe vehicleuntiltheengineiscool. See OverheatedEngineProtectionOperating Mode(V8EnginesOnly)onpage5-40 for informationondrivingtoasafeplaceinan emergency. Notice: Ifyourenginecatchesrebecauseyou keepdrivingwithnocoolant,yourvehiclecan bebadlydamaged.Thecostlyrepairswouldnotbe coveredbyyourwarranty.See OverheatedEngine ProtectionOperatingMode(V8EnginesOnly) onpage5-40 forinformationondrivingtoasafe placeinanemergency.IfNoSteamIsComingFromYour EngineTheENGINECOOLANTHOTmessage,alongwitha lowcoolantcondition,canindicateaseriousproblem. Ifyougetanengineoverheatwarning,butseeor hearnosteam,theproblemmaynotbetooserious. Sometimestheenginecangetalittletoohotwhenyou:Climbalonghillonahotday.Stopafterhigh-speeddriving.Idleforlongperiodsintraffic.Towatrailer.See TowingaTraileronpage4-67 5-38

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IfyougettheENGINECOOLANTHOTmessagewith nosignofsteam,trythisforaminuteorso: 1.Ifyourairconditionerison,turnitoff. 2.Turnonyourheatertofullhotatthehighestfan speedandopenthewindowsasnecessary. 3.Ifyouareinatrafficjam,shifttoNEUTRAL(N); otherwise,shifttothehighestgearwhile driving—DRIVE(D)orTHIRD(3). Ifyounolongerhavetheoverheatwarning,youcan drive.Justtobesafe,driveslowerforabout10minutes. Ifthewarningdoesnotcomebackon,youcandrive normally. Ifthewarningcontinues,pullover,stop,park,andfast idleyourvehiclerightaway. Ifthereisstillnosignofsteamandyourvehicleis equippedwithanengine-drivencoolingfan,pushdown theacceleratoruntiltheenginespeedisabouttwice asfastasnormalidlespeedforatleastthreeminutes whileyouareparked. Ifthereisstillnosignofsteamandyourvehicleis equippedwithanelectricenginecoolingfan,idlethe engineforthreeminuteswhileyouareparked. Ifyoustillhavethewarning,turnofftheengineandget everyoneoutofthevehicleuntilitcoolsdown.Also, see“OverheatedEngineProtectionOperatingMode” laterinthissection. Youmaydecidenottoliftthehoodbuttogetservice helprightaway. 5-39

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OverheatedEngineProtection OperatingMode(V8EnginesOnly)Ifanoverheatedengineconditionexistsandthe REDUCEDENGINEPOWERmessageisdisplayed,an overheatprotectionmodewhichalternatesring groupsofcylindershelpspreventenginedamage.In thismode,youwillnoticealossinpowerandengine performance.Thisoperatingmodeallowsyourvehicleto bedriventoasafeplaceinanemergency.Driving extendedmiles(km)and/ortowingatrailerinthe overheatprotectionmodeshouldbeavoided. Notice: Afterdrivingintheoverheatedengine protectionoperatingmode,toavoidenginedamage, allowtheenginetocoolbeforeattemptingany repair.Theengineoilwillbeseverelydegraded. Repairthecauseofcoolantloss,changetheoiland resettheoillifesystem.See EngineOil(Gasoline Engine)onpage5-20 .CoolingSystemWhenyoudecideitissafetoliftthehood,hereiswhat youwillsee: A.CoolantSurgeTank B.CoolantSurgeTankPressureCap C.EngineCoolingFan 8.1LV8Engines 5-40

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A.CoolantSurgeTank B.CoolantSurgeTankPressureCap C.EngineCoolingFan {CAUTION:Anelectricfanunderthehoodcanstartup andinjureyouevenwhentheengineisnot running.Keephands,clothingandtoolsaway fromanyunderhoodelectricfan. Ifthecoolantinsidethecoolantsurgetankisboiling,do notdoanythingelseuntilitcoolsdown.Thevehicle shouldbeparkedonalevelsurface.Checkthecoolant levelafterthesystemcoolsdown.Someamountof coolantmaybelostduetooverheating. Thecoolantlevelshould beatorabovetheFULL COLDmark.Ifitisnot,you mayhavealeakatthe pressurecaporin theradiatorhoses,heater hoses,radiator,water pump,orsomewhereelse inthecoolingsystem. AllOtherEngines 5-41

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{CAUTION:Heaterandradiatorhoses,andotherengine parts,canbeveryhot.Donottouchthem.If youdo,youcanbeburned. Donotruntheengineifthereisaleak.Ifyou runtheengine,itcouldloseallcoolant.That couldcauseanenginere,andyoucouldbe burned.Getanyleakxedbeforeyoudrivethe vehicle. Ifyourvehicleisequippedwithanelectricengine coolingfan,checkthecoolanttemperaturegage.Ifthe coolanttemperatureisapproximately232F(111C), theelectriccoolingfanshouldberunning.Ifitis not,yourvehicleneedsservice.Turnofftheengine. Ifyourvehicleisequippedwithanengine-drivencooling fan,starttheengineagainandseeifthefanspeed increaseswhenidlespeedisdoubledbypushingthe acceleratorpedaldown.Ifitdoesnot,yourvehicle needsservice.Turnofftheengine. Notice: Enginedamagefromrunningyourengine withoutcoolantisnotcoveredbyyourwarranty.See OverheatedEngineProtectionOperatingMode(V8 EnginesOnly)onpage5-40 forinformationon drivingtoasafeplaceinanemergency. Notice: UsingcoolantotherthanDEX-COOLmay causeprematureengine,heatercoreorradiator corrosion.Inaddition,theenginecoolantmay requirechangingsooner,at30,000miles(50000km) or24months,whicheveroccursrst.Anyrepairs wouldnotbecoveredbyyourwarranty.Alwaysuse DEX-COOL(silicate-free)coolantinyourvehicle.HowtoAddCoolanttotheCoolant SurgeTankforGasolineEnginesIfyourvehiclehasadieselengine,see“Cooling System”intheDURAMAXDieselSupplementforthe propercoolantllprocedure. Ifyouhavenotfoundaproblemyet,checktoseeif coolantisvisibleinthesurgetank.Ifcoolantisvisible butthecoolantlevelisnotatorabovetheFULLCOLD mark,adda50/50mixtureofclean,drinkablewater andDEX-COOLcoolantatthecoolantsurgetank,but besurethecoolingsystem,includingthecoolant surgetankpressurecap,iscoolbeforeyoudoit.See EngineCoolantonpage5-35 formoreinformation. 5-42

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Ifnocoolantisvisibleinthesurgetank,addcoolantas follows: {CAUTION:Steamandscaldingliquidsfromahotcooling systemcanblowoutandburnyoubadly.They areunderpressure,andifyouturnthecoolant surgetankpressurecap—evenalittle—they cancomeoutathighspeed.Neverturnthe capwhenthecoolingsystem,includingthe coolantsurgetankpressurecap,ishot.Wait forthecoolingsystemandcoolantsurgetank pressurecaptocoolifyoueverhavetoturn thepressurecap. {CAUTION:Addingonlyplainwatertoyourcooling systemcanbedangerous.Plainwater,or someotherliquidsuchasalcohol,canboil beforethepropercoolantmixturewill.Your vehicle’scoolantwarningsystemissetforthe propercoolantmixture.Withplainwaterorthe wrongmixture,yourenginecouldgettoohot butyouwouldnotgettheoverheatwarning. Yourenginecouldcatchreandyouorothers couldbeburned.Usea50/50mixtureofclean, drinkablewaterandapropercoolant. Notice: Incoldweather,watercanfreezeandcrack theengine,radiator,heatercoreandotherparts. Usetherecommendedcoolantandtheproper coolantmixture. 5-43

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{CAUTION:Youcanbeburnedifyouspillcoolantonhot engineparts.Coolantcontainsethyleneglycol anditwillburniftheenginepartsarehot enough.Donotspillcoolantonahotengine. 1.Youcanremovethe coolantsurgetank pressurecapwhenthe coolingsystem, includingthecoolant surgetankpressure capandupperradiator hose,isnolongerhot. Turnthepressurecapslowlycounterclockwise aboutonefullturn.Ifyouhearahiss,waitforthat tostop.Ahissmeansthereisstillsome pressureleft. 2.Thenkeepturningthepressurecapslowly,and removeit. 3.Fillthecoolantsurgetankwiththepropermixture, totheFULLCOLDmark. 5-44

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4.Withthecoolantsurgetankpressurecapoff,start theengineandletitrununtilyoucanfeeltheupper radiatorhosegettinghot.Watchoutforthe enginecoolingfan. Bythistime,thecoolantlevelinsidethecoolant surgetankmaybelower.Ifthelevelislower,add moreofthepropermixturetothecoolantsurgetank untilthelevelreachestheFULLCOLDmark. 5.Thenreplacethepressurecap.Besurethe pressurecapishand-tightandfullyseated.EngineFanNoiseIfyourvehicleisequippedwithaclutchedengine coolingfan,whentheclutchisengaged,thefanspins fastertoprovidemoreairtocooltheengine.In mosteverydaydrivingconditions,thefanisspinning slowerandtheclutchisnotfullyengaged.Thisimproves fueleconomyandreducesfannoise.Underheavy vehicleloading,trailertowing,and/orhighoutside temperatures,thefanspeedincreasesastheclutch morefullyengages,soyoumayhearanincreaseinfan noise.Thisisnormalandshouldnotbemistakenas thetransmissionslippingormakingextrashifts.It ismerelythecoolingsystemfunctioningproperly.The fanwillslowdownwhenadditionalcoolingisnot requiredandtheclutchdisengages. Youmayalsohearthisfannoisewhenyoustartthe engine.Itwillgoawayasthefanclutchpartially disengages. Ifyourvehicleisequippedwithelectriccoolingfans,you mayhearthefansspinningatlowspeedduringmost everydaydriving.Thefansmayturnoffifnocoolingis required.Underheavyvehicleloading,trailertowing, and/orhighoutsidetemperatures,orifyouareoperating yourairconditioningsystem,thefanschangetohigh speedandyoumayhearanincreaseinfannoise.This isnormalandindicatesthatthecoolingsystemis functioningproperly.Thefanswillchangetolowspeed whenadditionalcoolingisnolongerrequired. 5-45

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PowerSteeringFluidSee EngineCompartment Overviewonpage5-14 for reservoirlocation.WhentoCheckPowerSteeringFluidItisnotnecessarytoregularlycheckpowersteeringuid unlessyoususpectthereisaleakinthesystemor youhearanunusualnoise.Auidlossinthissystem couldindicateaproblem.Havethesysteminspected andrepaired.HowtoCheckPowerSteeringFluidTocheckthepowersteeringuid,dothefollowing: 1.Turnthekeyoffandlettheenginecompartment cooldown. 2.Wipethecapandthetopofthereservoirclean. 3.Unscrewthecapandwipethedipstickwitha cleanrag. 4.Replacethecapandcompletelytightenit. 5.Removethecapagainandlookattheuidlevelon thedipstick. ThelevelshouldbeattheFULLCOLDmark.If necessary,addonlyenoughuidtobringthelevelupto themark.WhattoUseTodeterminewhatkindofuidtouse,see RecommendedFluidsandLubricants(GasolineEngine) onpage6-14 .Alwaysusetheproperuid.Failureto usetheproperuidcancauseleaksanddamagehoses andseals. 5-46

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WindshieldWasherFluidWhattoUseWhenyouneedwindshieldwasheruid,besuretoread themanufacturer’sinstructionsbeforeuse.Ifyouwill beoperatingyourvehicleinanareawherethe temperaturemayfallbelowfreezing,useauidthathas sufficientprotectionagainstfreezing.AddingWasherFluidYourvehiclehasalowwasheruidmessagethat comesonwhenthewasheruidislow.Themessageis displayedfor15secondsatthestartofeachignition cycle.WhentheCHECKWASHERFLUIDmessageis displayed,youwillneedtoaddwasheruidtothe windshieldwasheruidreservoir. Openthecapwiththe washersymbolonit.Add washeruiduntilthe tankisfull.See Engine CompartmentOverviewon page5-14 forreservoir location. Notice:Whenusingconcentratedwasheruid,follow themanufacturer’sinstructionsforadding water.Donotmixwaterwithready-to-usewasheruid. Watercancausethesolutiontofreezeand damageyourwasheruidtankandotherparts ofthewashersystem.Also,waterdoesnot cleanaswellaswasheruid.Fillyourwasheruidtankonlythree-quarters fullwhenitisverycold.Thisallowsfor expansioniffreezingoccurs,whichcould damagethetankifitiscompletelyfull.Donotuseenginecoolant(antifreeze)inyour windshieldwasher.Itcandamageyourwasher systemandpaint. 5-47

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BrakesBrakeFluidYourbrakemastercylinder reservoirislledwith DOT-3brakeuid.See EngineCompartment Overviewonpage5-14 for thelocationofthe reservoir. Thereareonlytworeasonswhythebrakeuidlevelin thereservoirmightgodown.Therstisthatthe brakeuidgoesdowntoanacceptablelevelduring normalbrakeliningwear.Whennewliningsareputin, theuidlevelgoesbackup.Theotherreasonis thatuidisleakingoutofthebrakesystem.Ifitis,you shouldhaveyourbrakesystemxed,sincealeak meansthatsoonerorlateryourbrakeswillnotwork well,orwillnotworkatall. So,itisnotagoodideatotopoffyourbrakeuid. Addingbrakeuidwillnotcorrectaleak.Ifyouadduid whenyourliningsareworn,thenyouwillhavetoo muchuidwhenyougetnewbrakelinings.Youshould addorremovebrakeuid,asnecessary,onlywhen workisdoneonthebrakehydraulicsystem. {CAUTION:Ifyouhavetoomuchbrakeuid,itcanspillon theengine.Theuidwillburniftheengineis hotenough.Youorotherscouldbeburned, andyourvehiclecouldbedamaged.Addbrake uidonlywhenworkisdoneonthebrake hydraulicsystem.See“CheckingBrakeFluid” inthissection. RefertotheMaintenanceScheduletodeterminewhen tocheckyourbrakeuid.See ScheduledMaintenance (GasolineEngine)onpage6-4 5-48

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CheckingBrakeFluidYoucancheckthebrakeuidwithouttakingoffthecap. Justlookatthebrakeuid reservoir.Theuidlevel shouldbeaboveMIN.Ifit isnot,haveyourbrake systemcheckedto seeifthereisaleak. Afterworkisdoneonthebrakehydraulicsystem,make surethelevelisabovetheMINbutnotoverthe MAXmark.WhattoAddWhenyoudoneedbrakeuid,useonlyDOT-3brake uid.Usenewbrakeuidfromasealedcontainer only.See RecommendedFluidsandLubricants (GasolineEngine)onpage6-14 Alwayscleanthebrakeuidreservoircapandthearea aroundthecapbeforeremovingit.Thiswillhelp keepdirtfromenteringthereservoir. {CAUTION:Withthewrongkindofuidinyourbrake system,yourbrakesmaynotworkwell,orthey maynotevenworkatall.Thiscouldcausea crash.Alwaysusetheproperbrakeuid. Notice:Usingthewronguidcanbadlydamagebrake systemparts.Forexample,justafewdropsof mineral-basedoil,suchasengineoil,inyour brakesystemcandamagebrakesystempartsso badlythattheywillhavetobereplaced.Donot letsomeoneputinthewrongkindofuid.Ifyouspillbrakeuidonyourvehicle’spainted surfaces,thepaintnishcanbedamaged.Be carefulnottospillbrakeuidonyourvehicle.If youdo,washitoffimmediately.See Washing YourVehicleonpage5-118 5-49

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BrakeWearYourvehiclehasfrontdiscbrakesandmayhaverear drumbrakesorreardiscbrakes. Discbrakepadshavebuilt-inwearindicatorsthatmake ahigh-pitchedwarningsoundwhenthebrakepads arewornandnewpadsareneeded.Thesound maycomeandgoorbeheardallthetimeyourvehicle ismoving,exceptwhenyouarepushingonthe brakepedalrmly. {CAUTION:Thebrakewearwarningsoundmeansthat soonyourbrakeswillnotworkwell.That couldleadtoanaccident.Whenyouhearthe brakewearwarningsound,haveyourvehicle serviced. Notice: Continuingtodrivewithworn-outbrake padscouldresultincostlybrakerepair. Somedrivingconditionsorclimatesmaycauseabrake squealwhenthebrakesarerstappliedorlightly applied.Thisdoesnotmeansomethingiswrongwith yourbrakes. Properlytorquedwheelnutsarenecessarytohelp preventbrakepulsation.Whentiresarerotated,inspect brakepadsforwearandevenlytightenwheelnutsin thepropersequencetoGMtorquespecications. Ifyouhavereardrumbrakes,theydonothavewear indicators,butifyoueverheararearbrakerubbing noise,havetherearbrakeliningsinspectedimmediately. Rearbrakedrumsshouldberemovedandinspected eachtimethetiresareremovedforrotationorchanging. Drumbrakeshaveaninspectionholetoinspectlining wearduringscheduledmaintenance.Whenyou havethefrontbrakepadsreplaced,havetherear brakesinspected,too. Brakeliningsshouldalwaysbereplacedascomplete axlesets.BrakePedalTravelSeeyourdealerifthebrakepedaldoesnotreturnto normalheight,orifthereisarapidincreasein pedaltravel.Thiscouldbeasignofbraketrouble.BrakeAdjustmentEverytimeyoumakeabrakestop,yourbrakesadjust forwear. 5-50

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ReplacingBrakeSystemPartsThebrakingsystemonavehicleiscomplex.Itsmany partshavetobeoftopqualityandworkwelltogetherif thevehicleistohavereallygoodbraking.Your vehiclewasdesignedandtestedwithtop-qualityGM brakeparts.Whenyoureplacepartsofyourbraking system—forexample,whenyourbrakelinings weardownandyouneednewonesputin—besure yougetnewapprovedGMreplacementparts.Ifyoudo not,yourbrakesmaynolongerworkproperly.For example,ifsomeoneputsinbrakeliningsthatarewrong foryourvehicle,thebalancebetweenyourfrontand rearbrakescanchange—fortheworse.Thebraking performanceyouhavecometoexpectcanchange inmanyotherwaysifsomeoneputsinthewrong replacementbrakeparts.BatteryYourvehiclehasamaintenancefreebattery.Whenitis timeforanewbattery,getonethathasthereplacement numbershownontheoriginalbattery’slabel.We recommendanACDelcoreplacementbattery.See EngineCompartmentOverviewonpage5-14 forbattery location. Warning: Batteryposts,terminals,andrelated accessoriescontainleadandleadcompounds, chemicalsknowntotheStateofCaliforniatocause cancerandreproductiveharm.Washhandsafter handling.VehicleStorageIfyouarenotgoingtodriveyourvehiclefor25daysor more,removetheblack,negative( Š )cablefromthe battery.Thiswillhelpkeepyourbatteryfrom runningdown. {CAUTION:Batterieshaveacidthatcanburnyouandgas thatcanexplode.Youcanbebadlyhurtifyou arenotcareful.See JumpStartingon page5-52 fortipsonworkingaroundabattery withoutgettinghurt. 5-51

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JumpStartingIfyourvehicle’sbattery(orbatteries)hasrundown,you maywanttouseanothervehicleandsomejumper cablestostartyourvehicle.Besuretousethefollowing stepstodoitsafely. {CAUTION:Batteriescanhurtyou.Theycanbedangerous because:Theycontainacidthatcanburnyou.Theycontaingasthatcanexplodeor ignite.Theycontainenoughelectricityto burnyou. Ifyoudonotfollowthesestepsexactly,some orallofthesethingscanhurtyou. Notice: Ignoringthesestepscouldresultincostly damagetoyourvehiclethatwouldnotbecovered byyourwarranty. Tryingtostartyourvehiclebypushingorpullingit willnotwork,anditcoulddamageyourvehicle. 1.Checktheothervehicle.Itmusthavea12-volt batterywithanegativegroundsystem. Notice: Iftheothervehicle’ssystemisnota12-volt systemwithanegativeground,bothvehiclescan bedamaged.Onlyusevehicleswith12-voltsystems withnegativegroundstojumpstartyourvehicle. 2.Ifyouhaveavehiclewithadieselenginewithtwo batteries(ormore),youshouldknowbeforeyou beginthat,especiallyincoldweather,youmaynot beabletogetenoughpowerfromasingle batteryinanothervehicletostartyourdieselengine. Ifyourvehiclehasmorethanonebattery,use thebatterythatisclosertothestarter—thiswill reduceelectricalresistance. 5-52

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3.Getthevehiclescloseenoughsothejumpercables canreach,butbesurethevehiclesarenottouching eachother.Iftheyare,itcouldcauseaground connectionyoudonotwant.Youwouldnotbeable tostartyourvehicle,andthebadgrounding coulddamagetheelectricalsystems. Toavoidthepossibilityofthevehiclesrolling,set theparkingbrakermlyonbothvehiclesinvolvedin thejumpstartprocedure.Putanautomatic transmissioninPARK(P)oramanualtransmission inNEUTRALbeforesettingtheparkingbrake.If youhaveafour-wheel-drivevehicle,besure thetransfercaseisinadrivegear,notin NEUTRAL. Notice: Ifyouleaveyourradioorotheraccessories onduringthejumpstartingprocedure,theycould bedamaged.Therepairswouldnotbecovered byyourwarranty.Alwaysturnoffyourradioand otheraccessorieswhenjumpstartingyourvehicle. 4.Turnofftheignitiononbothvehicles.Unplug unnecessaryaccessoriespluggedintothecigarette lighteroraccessorypoweroutlets.Turnoffthe radioandalllampsthatarenotneeded.Thiswill avoidsparksandhelpsavebothbatteries.And itcouldsavetheradio! 5.Openthehoodsandlocatethepositive(+)and negative( Š )terminallocationsoftheothervehicle. Yourvehiclehasaremotepositive(+)jump startingterminalandaremotenegative( Š )jump startingterminal.Youshouldalwaysusethese remoteterminalsinsteadoftheterminalsonthe battery. Theremotepositive(+)terminalislocatedbehinda redplasticcover,ifequipped,neartheengine accessorydrivebracket.Touncovertheremote positive(+)terminal,opentheredplasticcover,if equipped. Theremotenegative( Š )terminalislocatedonthe enginedrivebracketonallV8anddieselengines, andonthethermostathousingonthe8.1Lengine. OnV8enginesitismarkedGND(Ground). OnV6enginestheremotenegative( Š )terminalis locatedonatabattachedtotheengineaccessory drivebracketwhereitismarkedGND(Ground). See EngineCompartmentOverviewonpage5-14 formoreinformationonthelocationofthe remotepositive(+)andremotenegative( Š ) terminals. 5-53

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{CAUTION:Usingamatchnearabatterycancausebattery gastoexplode.Peoplehavebeenhurtdoing this,andsomehavebeenblinded.Usea ashlightifyouneedmorelight. Besurethebatteryhasenoughwater.Youdo notneedtoaddwatertothebatteryinstalled inyournewvehicle.Butifabatteryhasller caps,besuretherightamountofuidisthere. Ifitislow,addwatertotakecareofthatrst. Ifyoudonot,explosivegascouldbepresent. Batteryuidcontainsacidthatcanburnyou. Donotgetitonyou.Ifyouaccidentallygetit inyoureyesoronyourskin,ushtheplace withwaterandgetmedicalhelpimmediately. {CAUTION:Fansorothermovingenginepartscaninjure youbadly.Keepyourhandsawayfrommoving partsoncetheengineisrunning. 6.Checkthatthejumpercablesdonothavelooseor missinginsulation.Iftheydo,youcouldgeta shock.Thevehiclescouldbedamagedtoo. Beforeyouconnectthecables,herearesome basicthingsyoushouldknow.Positive(+)willgoto positive(+)oraremotepositiveterminal(+)ifthe vehiclehasone.Negative( Š )willgotoaheavy, unpaintedmetalenginepartoraremote negative( Š )terminalifthevehiclehasone. Donotconnectpositive(+)tonegative( Š )oryou willgetashortthatwoulddamagethebattery andmaybeotherpartstoo.Anddonotconnectthe negative( Š )cabletothenegative( Š )terminalon thedeadbatterybecausethiscancausesparks. Onvehiclesequippedwithdualbatteries,makeall batteryconnectionstotheremotepositive(+) andremotenegative( Š )terminals. 5-54

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7.Connectthered positive(+)cabletothe positive(+)terminal ofthevehiclewiththe deadbattery.Use aremotepositive(+) terminalifthe vehiclehasone. 8.Donotlettheotherendtouchmetal.Connectitto thepositive(+)terminalofthegoodbattery.Usea remotepositive(+)terminalifthevehiclehasone. 9.Nowconnecttheblacknegative( Š )cabletothe negative( Š )terminalofthegoodbattery.Usea remotenegative( Š )terminalifthevehiclehasone. Thevehicle’sremotenegative(–)terminalis markedGND. 10.Donotlettheotherendtouchanythinguntilthe nextstep.Theotherendofthenegative( Š )cable doesnotgotothedeadbattery.Itgoestoaheavy unpaintedmetalenginepartofthevehiclewith thedeadbattery,ortoaremotenegative(–) terminalifthevehiclehasone. 11.Connecttheotherend ofthenegative( Š ) cabletotheremote negative( Š )terminal, markedGND,on thevehiclewiththe deadbattery.See EngineCompartment Overviewonpage5-14 forthelocationof yourvehicle’sremote negative( Š )terminal. 12.Nowstartthevehiclewiththegoodbatteryandrun theengineforawhile. 13.Trytostartthevehiclethathadthedeadbattery.If itwillnotstartafterafewtries,itprobablyneeds service. V8engineshown,other enginessimilar 5-55

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Notice: Ifthejumpercablesareconnectedor removedinthewrongorder,electricalshortingmay occuranddamagethevehicle.Therepairswould notbecoveredbyyourwarranty.Alwaysconnect andremovethejumpercablesinthecorrect order,makingsurethatthecablesdonottouch eachotherorothermetal. A.Heavy,UnpaintedMetalEnginePartorRemote Negative( Š )Terminal B.GoodBatteryorRemotePositive(+)andRemote Negative( Š )Terminals C.DeadBatteryorRemotePositive(+)Terminal Todisconnectthejumpercablesfrombothvehiclesdo thefollowing: 1.Disconnecttheblacknegative( Š )cablefromthe vehiclethathadthebadbattery. 2.Disconnecttheblacknegative( Š )cablefromthe vehiclewiththegoodbattery. 3.Disconnecttheredpositive(+)cablefromthe vehiclewiththegoodbattery. 4.Disconnecttheredpositive(+)cablefromtheother vehicle. 5.Returntheremotepositive(+)terminalcover,if equipped,toitsoriginalposition.RearAxleWhentoCheckLubricantItisnotnecessarytoregularlycheckrearaxleuid unlessyoususpectthereisaleakoryouhearan unusualnoise.Auidlosscouldindicateaproblem. Haveitinspectedandrepaired. Allaxleassembliesarelledbyvolumeofuidduring production.Theyarenotlledtoreachacertainlevel. Whencheckingtheuidlevelonanyaxle,variationsin thereadingscanbecausedbyfactorylldifferences betweentheminimumandthemaximumuidvolume. JumperCableRemoval 5-56

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Also,ifavehiclehasjustbeendrivenbeforecheckingthe uidlevel,itmayappearlowerthannormalbecauseuid hastraveledoutalongtheaxletubesandhasnotdrained backtothesumparea.Therefore,areadingtakenve minutesafterthevehiclehasbeendrivenwillappearto havealoweruidlevelthanavehiclethathasbeen stationaryforanhourortwo.Rememberthattherear axleassemblymustbesupportedtogetatruereading.HowtoCheckLubricantTogetanaccuratereading,thevehicleshouldbeona levelsurface.Theproperlevelforthe1500Seriesisfrom 5/8inchto15/8inch(15mmto40mm)belowthe bottomofthellerplughole.Theproperlevelforthe1500HDSeries, 2500Seriesand2500HDSerieswiththe6.0LV8 engine(RPOLQ4)isfrom0to1/2inch(0to 13mm)belowthebottomofthellerplughole.Theproperlevelforthe2500HDwiththe6.6Ldiesel engine(RPOLLY)or8.1LV8engine(RPOL18), and3500Seriesisfrom0.6to0.8inch(17mm to21mm)belowthebottomofthellerplughole. Addonlyenoughuidtoreachtheproperlevel.WhattoUseTodeterminewhatkindoflubricanttousesee RecommendedFluidsandLubricants(GasolineEngine) onpage6-14 1500SeriesShown,2500SeriesSimilar 5-57

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Four-WheelDriveLubricantchecksinthissectionalsoapplytothese vehicles.Therearetwoadditionalsystemsthatneed lubrication.TransferCaseWhentoCheckLubricantItisnotnecessarytoregularlychecktransfercaseuid unlessyoususpectthereisaleakoryouhearan unusualnoise.Auidlosscouldindicateaproblem. Haveitinspectedandrepaired.HowtoCheckLubricantManualTransferCase 5-58

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Togetanaccuratereading,thevehicleshouldbeona levelsurface. Ifthelevelisbelowthebottomofthellerplughole, locatedonthetransfercase,you’llneedtoadd somelubricant.Addenoughlubricanttoraisethelevel tothebottomofthellerplughole.Usecarenotto overtightentheplug.WhentoChangeLubricantRefertotheMaintenanceScheduletodeterminehow oftentochangethelubricant.See Scheduled Maintenance(GasolineEngine)onpage6-4 .WhattoUseRefertotheMaintenanceScheduletodeterminewhat kindoflubricanttouse.See RecommendedFluids andLubricants(GasolineEngine)onpage6-14 AutomaticTransferCase 5-59

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FrontAxleWhentoCheckLubricantItisnotnecessarytoregularlycheckfrontaxleuid unlessyoususpectthereisaleakoryouhearan unusualnoise.Auidlosscouldindicateaproblem. Haveitinspectedandrepaired.HowtoCheckLubricantTogetanaccuratereading,thevehicleshouldbeona levelsurface. Ifthelevelisbelowthebottomofthellerplughole, locatedonthefrontaxle,youmayneedtoadd somelubricant:Whenthedifferentialiscold,addenoughlubricant toraisethelevelto0to3/8inch(9.5mm)below thellerplughole.Whenthedifferentialisatoperatingtemperature (warm),addenoughlubricanttoraisethelevel tothebottomofthellerplughole.WhattoUseTodeterminewhatkindoflubricanttousesee RecommendedFluidsandLubricants(GasolineEngine) onpage6-14 5-60

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NoiseControlSystemTamperingwithNoiseControl SystemProhibitedThefollowinginformationrelatestocompliancewith federalnoiseemissionstandardsforvehicleswitha GrossVehicleWeightRating(GVWR)ofmorethan 10,000lbs(4536kg).TheMaintenanceSchedule providesinformationonmaintainingthenoisecontrol systemtominimizedegradationofthenoiseemission controlsystemduringthelifeofyourvehicle.Thenoise controlsystemwarrantyisgiveninyourwarrantybooklet. Thesestandardsapplyonlytovehiclessoldinthe UnitedStates. Federallawprohibitsthefollowingactsorthecausing thereof: 1.Theremovalorrenderinginoperativebyanyperson, otherthanforpurposesofmaintenance,repairor replacement,ofanydeviceorelementofdesign incorporatedintoanynewvehicleforthepurposeof noisecontrol,priortoitssaleordeliverytothe ultimatepurchaserorwhileitisinuse;or 2.Theuseofthevehicleaftersuchdeviceorelement ofdesignhasbeenremovedorrenderedinoperative byanyperson. Amongthoseactspresumedtoconstitutetamperingare theactslistedbelow.Insulation: Removalofthenoiseshieldsoranyunderhood insulation.Engine: Removalorrenderingenginespeedgovernor(if equipped)inoperativesoastoallowengine speedtoexceedmanufacturerspecications.FanandDrive: Removaloffanclutch(ifequipped)orrendering clutchinoperative.Removalofthefanshroud(ifequipped).AirIntake: Removaloftheaircleanersilencer.Modicationoftheaircleaner.Exhaust: Removalofthemufflerand/orresonator.Removaloftheexhaustpipesandexhaustpipe clamps. 5-61

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BulbReplacementForthepropertypeofreplacementbulbs,see ReplacementBulbsonpage5-71 Foranybulbchangingprocedurenotlistedinthis section,contactyourdealer.HalogenBulbs {CAUTION:Halogenbulbshavepressurizedgasinside andcanburstifyoudroporscratchthebulb. Youorotherscouldbeinjured.Besuretoread andfollowtheinstructionsonthebulb package.HeadlampsToreplaceaheadlampbulb,dothefollowing: 1.Openthehood.See HoodReleaseonpage5-13 formoreinformation. 2.Removethepinontheheadlampassemblyby turningthepinupandpullingitstraightout. 5-62

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3.Pulltheheadlampassemblyout. A.Low-BeamHeadlamp B.High-BeamHeadlamp 4.Unplugtheelectricalconnector. 5.Turntheoldbulbcounterclockwiseandremoveit fromtheheadlampassembly. 6.Putthenewbulbintotheassemblyandturnit clockwiseuntilitistight. 7.Plugintheelectricalconnector. 8.Reinstalltheheadlampassembly. 9.Installthepinandturnitintothelockingfeature. 5-63

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FrontTurnSignal,Sidemarkerand DaytimeRunningLampsToreplaceafrontturnsignal,sidemarker,orDRLbulb, dothefollowing: 1.Removetheheadlampassemblyasmentioned previously.See Headlampsonpage5-62 for moreinformation. 2.Presstheretainerclip(arrow),locatedbehindthe turnsignalassembly,towardstheoutsideofthe vehicle. 3.Pulltheturnsignalassemblyoutfromthevehicle. 5-64

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A.DaytimeRunningLamp(DRL) B.FrontTurnSignal/ParkingLamp C.SidemarkerLamp 4.Pressthelockingreleaselever(thesidemarker lampdoesnothavealockingreleaselever),turn thebulbsocketcounterclockwiseandremoveitfrom theturnsignalassembly. 5.Removetheoldbulbfromthebulbsocket. 6.Installanewbulbintothebulbsocket. 7.Reinstallthebulbsocketintotheturnsignal assemblyandturnitclockwiseuntilitlocks (thesidemarkerlampsdoesnotlockintoplace). 8.Reinstalltheturnsignalassemblybackontothe vehicleplacingthehookandpostsontheinner sideintothealignmentholesrstandthentheouter sideintotheretainerbracket.Pushuntilyouhear aclick. 9.Reinstalltheheadlampassemblybackintothe vehicle. 5-65

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RoofMarkerLampsToreplacearoofmarkerlampbulb,dothefollowing: 1.Removethetwo screwsandliftoff thelens. 2.Installanewbulbinto thesocketandturn clockwiseuntilitlocks intoplace. 3.Reinstallthelensandtightenthescrews. 5-66

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Toreplaceacenterroofmarkerlampbulb,dothe following: 1.Removethesixscrewsfromthecenterroofmarker lampassembly. 2.Turntheoldbulbcounterclockwisetoremoveit fromthesocket. 3.Reinstallthelensandtightenthescrews.CenterHigh-MountedStoplamp (CHMSL)andCargoLampToreplaceoneofthesebulbs,dothefollowing: 1.Removethescrewsandliftoffthelampassembly. 5-67

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A.CargoLamp B.CenterHigh-MountedStoplampBulb 2.Removethebackplatefromtheassemblyby pressingthereleasetabs. 3.RemovetheCHMSLbulbbypullingthebulb straightoutfromtheholderbackplate. Removeacargobulbbyturningthesocket counterclockwiseandpullingthebulbstraightout. 4.IfaCHMSLbulbisreplaced,putthenewbulbinto thesocketandpressitinuntilitistight. Ifacargolampisreplaced,putanewcargolamp bulbintothesocketandpressitinuntilitis tightbeforeturningthesocketcounterclockwise. 5.Reinstallthebackplateintothelampassembly. 6.Reinstallthelampassemblyandtightenthescrews. 5-68

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PickupBoxIdenticationand FenderMarkerLampsToreplaceapickupboxidenticationorfendermarker lampbulb,dothefollowing: 1.Removethescrewsandlampassembly. 2.Unplugthelampassemblyharness. 3.Gentlyprytheindividuallampfromthelamp assembly. 4.Unplugthelamp. 5.Pluginanewlampandsnapitintotheassembly. 6.Reinstallthelampassembly.Taillamps,TurnSignal,Stoplamps andBack-upLampsToreplaceoneofthesebulbs,dothefollowing: 1.Openthetailgate. Tailgateonpage2-14 formore information. 2.Removethetworear lampassemblyscrews nearthetailgate latchandpulloutthe lampassembly. 5-69

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3.Determinewhichofthefollowingtaillampassembly appliestoyourvehicle. A.Stoplamp/Taillamp B.TurnSignal C.Back-upLamp A.Stoplamp/Taillamp B.TurnSignalLamp C.Back-upLamp D.SidemarkerLamp 4.Pressthereleasetab,ifequipped,andturnthe bulbsocketcounterclockwisetoremoveitfrom thetaillampassembly. 5.Pulltheoldbulbstraightoutfromthesocket. 6.Pressanewbulbintothesocketandturnthesocket clockwiseintothetaillampassembly. 7.Reinstallthetaillampassembly. 5-70

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Taillamps(ChassisCabModels)A.TurnSignalLamp B.Taillamp/Stoplamp C.Back-upLamp Toreplaceoneofthesebulbs,dothefollowing: 1.Peeltherubbersealawayfromthelensusing yourhands. 2.Liftthelensoffthelampassembly. 3.Pulltheoldbulbstraightoutfromthesocket. 4.Installanewbulbintothesocketandpressitin untilitistight. 5.Reinstallthelensandthelensseal.ReplacementBulbs ExteriorLampBulbNumber Back-upLamp3157 Back-upLamp*1156 CargoLampandCenter High-MountedStoplamp(CHMSL) 912 DaytimeRunningLamps(DRL)4114K FenderMarker,FrontRoofMarker andSidemarkerLamp(IfEquipped) 194 FrontParkingandTurnLamp3457A Headlamps High-Beam9005 Low-Beam9006 RearMarkerLamp,Taillampand Stoplamp* 3157 RearTurnSignalLamp3157 RearTurnSignalLamp*1156 StoplampandTaillamp*1157 *ChassisCabModels Forreplacementbulbsnotlistedhere,contactyour dealer. 5-71

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WindshieldWiperBlade ReplacementWindshieldwiperbladesshouldbeinspectedforwear andcracking.See ScheduledMaintenance(Gasoline Engine)onpage6-4 formoreinformation. Replacementbladescomeindifferenttypesandare removedindifferentways.Forpropertypeandlength, see NormalMaintenanceReplacementParts(Gasoline Engines)onpage6-17 Toreplacethewindshieldwiperbladeassemblydothe following: 1.Liftthewiperarmawayfromthewindshield. 2.Pushthereleaselever(B)todisengagethehook andpushthewiperarm(A)outoftheblade(C). 3.Pushthenewwiperbladesecurelyonthewiperarm untilyouhearthereleaseleverclickintoplace. 5-72

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TiresYournewvehiclecomeswithhigh-qualitytiresmadeby aleadingtiremanufacturer.Ifyoueverhavequestions aboutyourtirewarrantyandwheretoobtainservice, seeyourGMWarrantybookletfordetails.Foradditional informationrefertothetiremanufacturer’sbooklet includedwithyourvehicle’sOwner’sManual. {CAUTION:Poorlymaintainedandimproperlyusedtires aredangerous.Overloadingyourtirescancause overheatingasaresultoftoomuch friction.Youcouldhaveanair-outanda seriousaccident.See LoadingYour Vehicleonpage4-48 CAUTION:(Continued) CAUTION:(Continued) Underinatedtiresposethesamedanger asoverloadedtires.Theresultingaccident couldcauseseriousinjury.Checkalltires frequentlytomaintaintherecommended pressure.Tirepressureshouldbechecked whenyourtiresarecold.See Ination-Tire Pressureonpage5-80 .Overinatedtiresaremorelikelytobe cut,punctured,orbrokenbyasudden impact—suchaswhenyouhitapothole. Keeptiresattherecommendedpressure.Worn,oldtirescancauseaccidents.Ifyour treadisbadlyworn,orifyourtireshave beendamaged,replacethem.20-InchTiresIfyourvehiclehastheoptional20-inchP275/55R20 sizetires,theyareclassiedastouringtiresand aredesignedforonroaduse.Thelow-prole,wide treaddesignisnotrecommendedfor“off-road”driving orcommercialusessuchassnowplowing.See Off-RoadDrivingonpage4-17 and AddingaSnow PloworSimilarEquipmentonpage4-54 foradditional information. 5-73

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TireSidewallLabelingUsefulinformationaboutatireismoldedintothe sidewall.Thefollowingillustrationsareexamplesofa typicalP-MetricandaLT-Metrictiresidewall. (A)TireSize: Thetiresizecodeisacombinationof lettersandnumbersusedtodeneaparticular tire’swidth,height,aspectratio,constructiontypeand servicedescription.Seethe“TireSize”illustration laterinthissectionformoredetail. (B)TPCSpec(TirePerformanceCriteria Specication): Originalequipmenttiresdesignedto GM’sspecictireperformancecriteriahaveaTPC specicationcodemoldedontothesidewall.GM’sTPC specicationsmeetorexceedallfederalsafety guidelines. (C)DOT(DepartmentofTransportation): The DepartmentofTransportation(DOT)codeindicatesthat thetireisincompliancewiththeU.S.Departmentof TransportationMotorVehicleSafetyStandards. (D)TireIdenticationNumber(TIN): Thelettersand numbersfollowingDOTcodearetheTireIdentication Number(TIN).TheTINshowsthemanufacturerand plantcode,tiresize,anddatethetirewasmanufactured. TheTINismoldedontobothsidesofthetire,although onlyonesidemayhavethedateofmanufacture. (E)TirePlyMaterial: Thetypeofcordandnumberof pliesinthesidewallandunderthetread. (F)UniformTireQualityGrading(UTQG): Tire manufacturersarerequiredtogradetiresbasedonthree performancefactors:treadwear,tractionand temperatureresistance.Formoreinformation,see UniformTireQualityGradingonpage5-88 (G)MaximumColdInationLoadLimit: Maximum loadthatcanbecarriedandthemaximumpressure neededtosupportthatload.Forinformationon recommendedtirepressuresee Ination-TirePressure onpage5-80 and LoadingYourVehicleonpage4-48 Passenger(P-Metric)Tire 5-74

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(A)TireSize: Thetiresizecodeisacombinationof lettersandnumbersusedtodeneaparticular tire’swidth,height,aspectratio,constructiontypeand servicedescription.Seethe“TireSize”illustration laterinthissectionformoredetail. (B)TPCSpec(TirePerformanceCriteria Specication): Originalequipmenttiresdesignedto GM’sspecictireperformancecriteriahaveaTPC specicationcodemoldedontothesidewall.GM’sTPC specicationsmeetorexceedallfederalsafety guidelines. (C)DualTireMaximumLoad: Maximumloadthatcan becarriedandthemaximumpressureneededto supportthatloadwhenusedinadualconguration.For informationonrecommendedtirepressuresee Ination-TirePressureonpage5-80 and LoadingYour Vehicleonpage4-48 (D)DOT(DepartmentofTransportation): The DepartmentofTransportation(DOT)codeindicatesthat thetireisincompliancewiththeU.S.Departmentof TransportationMotorVehicleSafetyStandards. (E)TireIdenticationNumber(TIN): Thelettersand numbersfollowingDOTcodearetheTireIdentication Number(TIN).TheTINshowsthemanufacturer andplantcode,tiresize,anddatethetirewas manufactured.TheTINismoldedontobothsidesofthe tire,althoughonlyonesidemayhavethedateof manufacture. (F)TirePlyMaterial: Thetypeofcordandnumberof pliesinthesidewallandunderthetread. (G)SingleTireMaximumLoad: Maximumloadthat canbecarriedandthemaximumpressureneeded tosupportthatloadwhenusedasasingle.For informationonrecommendedtirepressuresee Ination-TirePressureonpage5-80 and Loading YourVehicleonpage4-48 LightTruck(LT-Metric)Tire 5-75

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TireSizeThefollowingexamplesshowthedifferentpartsofa tiresize. (A)Passenger(P-Metric)Tire: TheUnitedStates versionofametrictiresizingsystem.TheletterPasthe rstcharacterinthetiresizemeansapassenger vehicletireengineeredtostandardssetbytheU.S.Tire andRimAssociation. (A)LightTruck(LT-Metric)Tire: TheUnitedStates versionofametrictiresizingsystem.ThelettersLTas thersttwocharactersinthetiresizemeansalight trucktireengineeredtostandardssetbytheU.S.Tire andRimAssociation. (B)TireWidth: Thethree-digitnumberindicatesthe tiresectionwidthinmillimetersfromsidewalltosidewall. (C)AspectRatio: Atwo-digitnumberthatindicates thetireheight-to-widthmeasurements.Forexample,if thetiresizeaspectratiois75,asshowninitemCofthe lighttruck(LT-Metric)tireillustration,itwouldmean thatthetire’ssidewallis75%ashighasitiswide. (D)ConstructionCode: Alettercodeisusedto indicatethetypeofplyconstructioninthetire.Theletter Rmeansradialplyconstruction;theletterDmeans diagonalorbiasplyconstruction;andtheletterBmeans belted-biasplyconstruction. (E)RimDiameter: Diameterofthewheelininches. (F)ServiceDescription: Theservicedescription indicatestheloadrangeandspeedratingofatire.The loadindexcanrangefrom1to279.Speedratings rangefromAtoZ. Passenger(P-Metric)Tire LightTruck(LT-Metric)Tire 5-76

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TireTerminologyandDenitionsAirPressure: Theamountofairinsidethetirepressing outwardoneachsquareinchofthetire.Airpressure isexpressedinpoundspersquareinch(psi)or kilopascal(kPa). AccessoryWeight: Thismeansthecombinedweight ofoptionalaccessories.Someexamplesofoptional accessoriesare,automatictransmission,powersteering, powerbrakes,powerwindows,powerseats,andair conditioning. AspectRatio: Therelationshipofatire’sheightto itswidth. Belt: Arubbercoatedlayerofcordsthatislocated betweenthepliesandthetread.Cordsmaybemade fromsteelorotherreinforcingmaterials. Bead: Thetirebeadcontainssteelwireswrappedby steelcordsthatholdthetireontotherim. BiasPlyTire: Apneumatictireinwhichthepliesare laidatalternateangleslessthan90degreestothe centerlineofthetread. ColdInationPressure: Theamountofairpressurein atire,measuredinpoundspersquareinch(psi)or kilopascals(kPa)beforeatirehasbuiltupheat fromdriving.See Ination-TirePressureonpage5-80 CurbWeight: Thismeanstheweightofamotor vehiclewithstandardandoptionalequipmentincluding themaximumcapacityoffuel,oilandcoolant,but withoutpassengersandcargo. DOTMarkings: Acodemoldedintothesidewallofa tiresignifyingthatthetireisincompliancewiththe U.S.DepartmentofTransportation(DOT)motorvehicle safetystandards.TheDOTcodeincludestheTire IdenticationNumber(TIN),analphanumericdesignator whichcanalsoidentifythetiremanufacturer,production plant,brandanddateofproduction. GVWR: GrossVehicleWeightRating,see Loading YourVehicleonpage4-48 GAWRFRT: GrossAxleWeightRatingforthefront axle,see LoadingYourVehicleonpage4-48 GAWRRR: GrossAxleWeightRatingfortherearaxle, see LoadingYourVehicleonpage4-48 5-77

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IntendedOutboardSidewall: Thesideofan asymmetricaltire,thatmustalwaysfaceoutwardwhen mountedonavehicle. Kilopascal(kPa): Themetricunitforairpressure. LightTruck(LT-Metric)Tire: Atireusedonlightduty trucksandsomemultipurposepassengervehicles. LoadIndex: Anassignednumberrangingfrom 1to279thatcorrespondstotheloadcarryingcapacity ofatire. MaximumInationPressure: Themaximumair pressuretowhichacoldtiremaybeinated.The maximumairpressureismoldedontothesidewall. MaximumLoadRating: Theloadratingforatireatthe maximumpermissibleinationpressureforthattire. MaximumLoadedVehicleWeight: Thesumofcurb weight;accessoryweight;vehiclecapacityweight; andproductionoptionsweight. NormalOccupantWeight: Thenumberofoccupantsa vehicleisdesignedtoseatmultipliedby150lbs(68kg). See LoadingYourVehicleonpage4-48 OccupantDistribution: Designatedseatingpositions. OutwardFacingSidewall: Thesideofan asymmetricaltirethathasaparticularsidethatfaces outwardwhenmountedonavehicle.Thesideofthetire thatcontainsawhitewall,bearswhitelettering,or bearsmanufacturer,brand,and/ormodelnamemolding thatishigherordeeperthanthesamemoldingson theothersidewallofthetire. Passenger(P-Metric)Tire: Atireusedonpassenger carsandsomelightdutytrucksandmultipurpose vehicles. RecommendedInationPressure: Vehicle manufacturer’srecommendedtireinationpressureand shownonthetireplacard.See Ination-TirePressure onpage5-80 and LoadingYourVehicleonpage4-48 RadialPlyTire: Apneumatictireinwhichtheplycords thatextendtothebeadsarelaidat90degreestothe centerlineofthetread. Rim: Ametalsupportforatireanduponwhichthetire beadsareseated. 5-78

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Sidewall: Theportionofatirebetweenthetreadand thebead. SpeedRating: Analphanumericcodeassignedtoa tireindicatingthemaximumspeedatwhichatire canoperate. Traction: Thefrictionbetweenthetireandtheroad surface.Theamountofgripprovided. Tread: Theportionofatirethatcomesintocontact withtheroad. TreadwearIndicators: Narrowbands,sometimes calledwearbars,thatshowacrossthetreadofatire whenonly1/16inch(1.6mm)oftreadremains. See WhenItIsTimeforNewTiresonpage5-85 UTQGS(UniformTireQualityGradingStandards): A tireinformationsystemthatprovidesconsumerswith ratingsforatire’straction,temperature,andtreadwear. Ratingsaredeterminedbytiremanufacturersusing governmenttestingprocedures.Theratingsaremolded intothesidewallofthetire.See UniformTireQuality Gradingonpage5-88 VehicleCapacityWeight: Thenumberofdesignated seatingpositionsmultipliedby150lbs(68kg)plus theratedcargoload.See LoadingYourVehicle onpage4-48 VehicleMaximumLoadontheTire: Loadonan individualtireduetocurbweight,accessoryweight, occupantweight,andcargoweight. VehiclePlacard: Alabelpermanentlyattachedtoa vehicleshowingthevehicle’scapacityweightand theoriginalequipmenttiresizeandrecommended inationpressure.See“TireandLoadingInformation Label”under LoadingYourVehicleonpage4-48 5-79

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Ination-TirePressureTiresneedthecorrectamountofairpressuretooperate effectively. Notice: Donotletanyonetellyouthat under-inationorover-inationisallright.Itisnot. Ifyourtiresdonothaveenoughair(under-ination), youcangetthefollowing:ToomuchexingToomuchheatTireoverloadingPrematureorirregularwearPoorhandlingReducedfueleconomy Ifyourtireshavetoomuchair(over-ination),you cangetthefollowing:UnusualwearPoorhandlingRoughrideNeedlessdamagefromroadhazards ATireandLoadingInformationlabelisattachedtothe vehicle’scenterpillar(B-pillar),belowthedriver’s doorlockpost(striker).Thislabellistsyourvehicle’s originalequipmenttiresandtheirrecommendedcoldtire inationpressures.Therecommendedcoldtire inationpressure,shownonthelabel,istheminimum amountofairpressureneededtosupportyourvehicle’s maximumloadcarryingcapacity. Foradditionalinformationregardinghowmuchweight yourvehiclecancarry,andanexampleofthetire andloadinginformationlabel,see LoadingYourVehicle onpage4-48 .WhentoCheckCheckyourtiresonceamonthormore.Donotforgetto checkthesparetire.Foradditionalinformation regardingthesparetire,see SpareTireonpage5-114 .HowtoCheckUseagoodqualitypocket-typegagetochecktire pressure.Youcannottellifyourtiresareproperlyinated simplybylookingatthem.Radialtiresmaylookproperly inatedevenwhenthey’reunderinated.Checkthetire’s inationpressurewhenthetiresarecold.Coldmeans yourvehiclehasbeensittingforatleastthreehoursor drivennomorethan1mile(1.6km). 5-80

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Removethevalvecapfromthetirevalvestem.Press thetiregagermlyontothevalvetogetapressure measurement.Ifthecoldtireinationpressurematches therecommendedpressureontheTireandLoading Informationlabel,nofurtheradjustmentisnecessary.If theinationpressureislow,addairuntilyoureach therecommendedamount. Ifyouoverllthetire,releaseairbypushingonthe metalsteminthecenterofthetirevalve.Recheckthe tirepressurewiththetiregage. Besuretoputthevalvecapsbackonthevalvestems. Theyhelppreventleaksbykeepingoutdirtandmoisture.HighSpeedOperation(SSSilverado) {CAUTION:Drivingathighspeeds,100mph(160km/h)or higher,putsanadditionalstrainontires. Sustainedhigh-speeddrivingcauses excessiveheatbuildupandcancausesudden tirefailure.Youcouldhaveacrashandyouor otherscouldbekilled.Somehigh-speedrated tiresrequireinationpressureadjustmentfor highspeedoperation. CAUTION:(Continued) CAUTION:(Continued)Whenspeedlimitsandroadconditionsare suchthatavehiclecanbedrivenathigh speeds,makesurethetiresareratedforhigh speedoperation,inexcellentcondition,and settothecorrectcoldtireinationpressure forthevehicleload. IfyourvehiclehasP275/55R20sizetiresandyouwill bedrivingathighspeeds,speedsof100mph (160km/h)orhigher,setthecoldinationpressureto themaximuminationpressureshownonthetire sidewall,or38psi(265kPa),whicheverislower.See theexamplefollowing.Whenyouendthishigh-speed driving,returnthetirestothecoldinationpressure shownontheTireandLoadingInformationlabel.See LoadingYourVehicleonpage4-48 Example: Youwillndthemaximumloadandinationpressure moldedonthetire’ssidewall,insmallletters,near therimange.Itwillreadsomethinglikethis:Maximum load690kg(1521lbs)300kPa(44psi)Max.Press. Forthisexample,youwouldsettheinationpressurefor high-speeddrivingat38psi(265kPa). 5-81

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DualTireOperationWhenthevehicleisnew,orwheneverawheel,wheelbolt orwheelnutisreplaced,checkthewheelnuttorqueafter 100,1,000and6,000miles(160,1600and10000km) ofdriving.Forpropertorqueandwheelnuttightening information,see RemovingtheSpareTireandToolson page5-94 Theoutertireonadualwheelsetupgenerallywears fasterthantheinnertire.Yourtireswillwearmore evenlyandlastlongerifyourotatethetiresperiodically, see TireInspectionandRotationonpage5-82 .Also see ScheduledMaintenance(GasolineEngine)on page6-4 {CAUTION:Ifyouoperateyourvehiclewithatirethatis badlyunderinated,thetirecanoverheat.An overheatedtirecanloseairsuddenlyorcatch re.Youorotherscouldbeinjured.Besureall tires(includingthespare)areproperlyinated. See Ination-TirePressureonpage5-80 ,for informationonpropertireination.TireInspectionandRotationTiresshouldberotatedevery5,000to8,000miles (8000to13000km). Anytimeyounoticeunusualwear,rotateyourtiresas soonaspossibleandcheckwheelalignment.Also checkfordamagedtiresorwheels.See WhenItIsTime forNewTiresonpage5-85 and WheelReplacement onpage5-89 formoreinformation. Makesurethesparetireisstoredsecurely.Push,pull, andthentrytorotateorturnthetire.Ifitmoves, usethewheelwrench/hoistshafttotightenthecable. See ChangingaFlatTireonpage5-92 Ifyourvehiclehasdualrearwheels,alsosee DualTire Operationonpage5-82 Thepurposeofregularrotationistoachievemore uniformwearforalltiresonthevehicle.Therstrotation isthemostimportant.See ScheduledMaintenance (GasolineEngine)onpage6-4 5-82

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Ifyourvehiclehassinglerearwheelsandthetread designforyourfronttiresisthesameasyourreartires, usetherotationpatternshownherewhenrotating yourtires. Ifyourvehiclehasdualrearwheelsandthetread designforyourfronttiresisthesameasyourreartires, alwaysuseoneofthecorrectrotationpatternsshown herewhenrotatingyourtires. 5-83

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Ifyourvehiclehasdual rearwheelsandthetread designforthefront tiresisdifferentfromthe dualreartires,alwaysuse thecorrectrotation patternshownherewhen rotatingyourtires. Thedualtiresarerotatedasapair,andtheinsiderear tiresbecometheoutsidereartires. Whenyouinstalldualwheels,besuretheventholesin theinnerandouterwheelsoneachsidearelinedup. Afterthetireshavebeenrotated,adjustthefrontand rearinationpressuresasshownontheTireand LoadingInformationlabel.See LoadingYourVehicleon page4-48 Makecertainthatallwheelnutsareproperlytightened. See“WheelNutTorque”under Capacitiesand Specicationsonpage5-132 {CAUTION:Rustordirtonawheel,oronthepartsto whichitisfastened,canmakewheelnuts becomelooseafteratime.Thewheelcould comeoffandcauseanaccident.Whenyou changeawheel,removeanyrustordirtfrom placeswherethewheelattachestothevehicle. Inanemergency,youcanuseaclothora papertoweltodothis;butbesuretousea scraperorwirebrushlater,ifneeded,togetall therustordirtoff.See ChangingaFlatTireon page5-92 5-84

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WhenItIsTimeforNewTiresOnewaytotellwhenitis timefornewtiresisto checkthetreadwear indicators,whichwill appearwhenyourtires haveonly1/16inch (1.6mm)orlessoftread remaining.Some commercialtrucktiresmay nothavetreadwear indicators. Youneedanewtireifanyofthefollowingstatements aretrue:Youcanseetheindicatorsatthreeormoreplaces aroundthetire.Youcanseecordorfabricshowingthroughthe tire’srubber.Thetreadorsidewalliscracked,cutorsnagged deepenoughtoshowcordorfabric.Thetirehasabump,bulge,orsplit.Thetirehasapuncture,cut,orotherdamagethat cannotberepairedwellbecauseofthesizeor locationofthedamage. 5-85

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BuyingNewTiresGMhasdevelopedandmatchedspecictiresforyour vehicle.Theoriginalequipmenttiresinstalledon yourvehicle,whenitwasnew,weredesignedtomeet GeneralMotorsTirePerformanceCriteriaSpecication (TPCspec)systemrating.Ifyouneedreplacement tires,GMstronglyrecommendsthatyougettireswith thesameTPCSpecrating.Thisway,yourvehicle willcontinuetohavetiresthataredesignedtogivethe sameperformanceandvehiclesafety,duringnormal use,astheoriginaltires. GM’sexclusiveTPCSpecsystemconsidersovera dozencriticalspecicationsthatimpacttheoverall performanceofyourvehicle,includingbrakesystem performance,rideandhandling,tractioncontrol,andtire pressuremonitoringperformance.GM’sTPCSpec numberismoldedontothetire’ssidewallbythe tiremanufacturer.Ifthetireshaveanall-seasontread design,theTPCspecnumberwillbefollowedbyanMS formudandsnow.See TireSidewallLabelingon page5-74 foradditionalinformation. {CAUTION:Mixingtirescouldcauseyoutolosecontrol whiledriving.Ifyoumixtiresofdifferentsizes, brandsortypes(radialandbias-beltedtires), thevehiclemaynothandleproperly,andyou couldhaveacrash.Usingtiresofdifferent sizes,brandsortypesmayalsocausedamage toyourvehicle.Besuretousethesamesize, brand,andtypetiresonallwheels. Yourvehiclemayhaveadifferentsizespare thantheroadtires(thoseoriginallyinstalled onyourvehicle).Whennew,yourvehicle includedasparetireandwheelassemblywith asimilaroveralldiameterasyourvehicle’s roadtiresandwheels,soitisallrighttodrive onit.Becausethissparewasdevelopedfor useonyourvehicle,itwillnotaffectvehicle handling. 5-86

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{CAUTION:Ifyouusebias-plytiresonyourvehicle,the wheelrimangescoulddevelopcracksafter manymilesofdriving.Atireand/orwheel couldfailsuddenly,causingacrash.Useonly radial-plytireswiththewheelsonyourvehicle. Ifyoumustreplaceyourvehicle’stireswiththosethat donothaveaTPCSpecnumber,makesurethey arethesamesize,loadrange,speedrating,and constructiontype(radialandbias-beltedtires)asyour vehicle’soriginaltires. Yourvehicle’soriginalequipmenttiresarelistedonthe TireandLoadingInformationLabel.Thislabelis attachedtothevehicle’scenterpillar(B-pillar).See LoadingYourVehicleonpage4-48 ,formoreinformation abouttheTireandLoadingInformationLabelandits locationonyourvehicle.DifferentSizeTiresandWheelsIfyouaddwheelsortiresthatareadifferentsizethan youroriginalequipmentwheelsandtires,thismay affectthewayyourvehicleperforms,includingits braking,rideandhandlingcharacteristics,stabilityand resistancetorollover.Additionally,ifyourvehicle haselectronicsystemssuchas,antilockbrakes;traction control;andelectronicstabilitycontrol,theperformance ofthesesystemscanbeaffected. {CAUTION:Ifyouadddifferentsizedwheels,yourvehicle maynotprovideanacceptablelevelof performanceandsafetyiftiresnot recommendedforthosewheelsareselected. Youmayincreasethechancethatyouwill crashandsufferseriousinjury.OnlyuseGM specicwheelandtiresystemsdevelopedfor yourvehicle,andhavethemproperlyinstalled byaGMcertiedtechnician. See BuyingNewTiresonpage5-86 and Accessories andModicationsonpage5-4 foradditionalinformation. 5-87

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UniformTireQualityGradingQualitygradescanbefoundwhereapplicableonthe tiresidewallbetweentreadshoulderandmaximum sectionwidth.Forexample:Treadwear200TractionAATemperatureAThefollowinginformationrelatestothesystem developedbytheUnitedStatesNationalHighway TrafficSafetyAdministration,whichgradestiresby treadwear,tractionandtemperatureperformance.(This appliesonlytovehiclessoldintheUnitedStates.) Thegradesaremoldedonthesidewallsofmost passengercartires.TheUniformTireQualityGrading systemdoesnotapplytodeeptread,winter-type snowtires,space-saverortemporaryusesparetires, tireswithnominalrimdiametersof10to12inches (25to30cm),ortosomelimited-productiontires. WhilethetiresavailableonGeneralMotorspassenger carsandlighttrucksmayvarywithrespecttothese grades,theymustalsoconformtofederalsafety requirementsandadditionalGeneralMotorsTire PerformanceCriteria(TPC)standards.TreadwearThetreadweargradeisacomparativeratingbasedon thewearrateofthetirewhentestedundercontrolled conditionsonaspeciedgovernmenttestcourse. Forexample,atiregraded150wouldwearoneand ahalf(1.5)timesaswellonthegovernmentcourseas atiregraded100.Therelativeperformanceoftires dependsupontheactualconditionsoftheiruse, however,andmaydepartsignicantlyfromthenorm duetovariationsindrivinghabits,servicepracticesand differencesinroadcharacteristicsandclimate.Traction–AA,A,B,CThetractiongrades,fromhighesttolowest,areAA,A, B,andC.Thosegradesrepresentthetire’sability tostoponwetpavementasmeasuredundercontrolled conditionsonspeciedgovernmenttestsurfacesof asphaltandconcrete.AtiremarkedCmayhavepoor tractionperformance.Warning:Thetractiongrade assignedtothistireisbasedonstraight-aheadbraking tractiontests,anddoesnotincludeacceleration, cornering,hydroplaning,orpeaktractioncharacteristics. 5-88

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Temperature–A,B,CThetemperaturegradesareA(thehighest),B,andC, representingthetire’sresistancetothegeneration ofheatanditsabilitytodissipateheatwhentested undercontrolledconditionsonaspeciedindoor laboratorytestwheel.Sustainedhightemperaturecan causethematerialofthetiretodegenerateand reducetirelife,andexcessivetemperaturecanleadto suddentirefailure.ThegradeCcorrespondstoa levelofperformancewhichallpassengercartiresmust meetundertheFederalMotorVehicleSafetyStandard No.109.GradesBandArepresenthigherlevelsof performanceonthelaboratorytestwheelthanthe minimumrequiredbylaw. Warning:Thetemperaturegradeforthistireis establishedforatirethatisproperlyinatedandnot overloaded.Excessivespeed,underination,or excessiveloading,eitherseparatelyorincombination, cancauseheatbuildupandpossibletirefailure.WheelAlignmentandTireBalanceThetiresandwheelsonyourvehiclewerealigned andbalancedcarefullyatthefactorytogiveyouthe longesttirelifeandbestoverallperformance. Adjustmentstowheelalignmentandtirebalancingwill notbenecessaryonaregularbasis.However,if younoticeunusualtirewearoryourvehiclepullingto onesideortheother,thealignmentmayneedto bechecked.Ifyounoticeyourvehiclevibratingwhen drivingonasmoothroad,yourtiresandwheels mayneedtoberebalanced.Seeyourdealerforproper diagnosis.WheelReplacementReplaceanywheelthatisbent,cracked,orbadlyrusted orcorroded.Ifwheelnutskeepcomingloose,the wheel,wheelboltsandwheelnutsshouldbereplaced. Ifthewheelleaksair,replaceit(exceptsome aluminumwheels,whichcansometimesberepaired). Seeyourdealerifanyoftheseconditionsexist. Yourdealerwillknowthekindofwheelyouneed. 5-89

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Eachnewwheelshouldhavethesameload-carrying capacity,diameter,width,offsetandbemounted thesamewayastheoneitreplaces. Ifyouneedtoreplaceanyofyourwheels,wheelbolts orwheelnuts,replacethemonlywithnewGM originalequipmentparts.Thisway,youwillbesureto havetherightwheel,wheelboltsandwheelnuts foryourvehicle. {CAUTION:Usingthewrongreplacementwheels,wheel bolts,orwheelnutsonyourvehiclecanbe dangerous.Itcouldaffectthebrakingand handlingofyourvehicle,makeyourtireslose airandmakeyoulosecontrol.Youcouldhave acollisioninwhichyouorotherscouldbe injured.Alwaysusethecorrectwheel,wheel boltsandwheelnutsforreplacement. Notice: Thewrongwheelcanalsocauseproblems withbearinglife,brakecooling,speedometeror odometercalibration,headlampaim,bumperheight, vehiclegroundclearance,andtireortirechain clearancetothebodyandchassis. Wheneverawheel,wheelboltorwheelnutisreplaced onadualwheelsetup,checkthewheelnuttorque after100,1,000and6,000miles(160,1600and 10000km)ofdriving.Forpropertorque,see“Wheel NutTorque”under CapacitiesandSpecications onpage5-132 See ChangingaFlatTireonpage5-92 formore information.UsedReplacementWheels {CAUTION:Puttingausedwheelonyourvehicleis dangerous.Youcannotknowhowithasbeen usedorhowfarithasbeendriven.Itcouldfail suddenlyandcauseacrash.Ifyouhaveto replaceawheel,useanewGMoriginal equipmentwheel. 5-90

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TireChains {CAUTION:IfyourvehiclehasdualwheelsorP265/75R16, LT265/75R16,P265/70R17orP275/55R20size tires,donotusetirechains.Theycandamage yourvehiclebecausethereisnotenough clearance.Tirechainsusedonavehicle withouttheproperamountofclearancecan causedamagetothebrakes,suspensionor othervehicleparts.Theareadamagedbythe tirechainscouldcauseyoutolosecontrolof yourvehicleandyouorothersmaybeinjured inacrash. Useanothertypeoftractiondeviceonlyifits manufacturerrecommendsitforuseonyour vehicleandtiresizecombinationandroad conditions.Followthatmanufacturer’s instructions.Tohelpavoiddamagetoyour vehicle,driveslowly,readjustorremovethe deviceifitiscontactingyourvehicle,anddo notspinyourvehicle’swheels. Ifyoudondtractiondevicesthatwillt, installthemonthereartires. Notice: Ifyourvehicledoesnothavedualwheels andisequippedwithatiresizeotherthan P265/75R16,LT265/75R16,P265/70R17or P275/55R20,usetirechainsonlywherelegaland onlywhenyoumust.Usechainsthataretheproper sizeforyourtires.Installthemonthetiresofthe rearaxle.Don’tusechainsonthetiresofthefront axle.Tightenthemastightlyaspossiblewith theendssecurelyfastened.Driveslowlyandfollow thechainmanufacturer’sinstructions.Ifyoucan hearthechainscontactingyourvehicle,stop andretightenthem.Ifthecontactcontinues,slow downuntilitstops.Drivingtoofastorspinningthe wheelswithchainsonwilldamageyourvehicle. 5-91

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IfaTireGoesFlatItisunusualforatiretoblowoutwhileyouaredriving, especiallyifyoumaintainyourvehicle’stiresproperly. Ifairgoesoutofatire,itismuchmorelikelytoleakout slowly.Butifyoushouldeverhaveablowout,here areafewtipsaboutwhattoexpectandwhattodo: Ifafronttirefails,theattirewillcreateadragthatpulls thevehicletowardthatside.Takeyourfootoffthe acceleratorpedalandgripthesteeringwheelrmly. Steertomaintainlaneposition,andthengentlybraketo astopwelloutofthetrafficlane. Arearblowout,particularlyonacurve,actsmuchlikea skidandmayrequirethesamecorrectionyouwould useinaskid.Inanyrearblowoutremoveyourfootfrom theacceleratorpedal.Getthevehicleundercontrol bysteeringthewayyouwantthevehicletogo.Itmay beverybumpyandnoisy,butyoucanstillsteer.Gently braketoastop,wellofftheroadifpossible. {CAUTION:Liftingavehicleandgettingunderittodo maintenanceorrepairsisdangerouswithout theappropriatesafetyequipmentandtraining. Thejackprovidedwithyourvehicleis designedonlyforchangingaattire.Ifitis usedforanythingelse,youorotherscouldbe badlyinjuredorkilledifthevehicleslipsoff thejack.Usethejackprovidedwithyour vehicleonlyforchangingaattire. Ifatiregoesat,thenextpartshowshowtousethe jackingequipmenttochangeaattiresafely.ChangingaFlatTireIfatiregoesat,avoidfurthertireandwheeldamage bydrivingslowlytoalevelplace.Turnonyour hazardwarningashers.See HazardWarningFlashers onpage3-6 formoreinformation. 5-92

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{CAUTION:Changingatirecanbedangerous.Thevehicle canslipoffthejackandrolloverorfallonyou orotherpeople.Youandtheycouldbebadly injuredorevenkilled.Findalevelplaceto changeyourtire.Tohelppreventthevehicle frommoving: 1.Settheparkingbrakermly. 2.Putanautomatictransmissionshiftlever inPARK(P),orshiftamanual transmissiontoFIRST(1)orREVERSE(R). 3.Ifyouhaveafour-wheel-drivevehicle,be surethetransfercaseisinadrive gear–notinNEUTRAL. 4.Turnofftheengineanddonotrestart whilethevehicleisraised. 5.Donotallowpassengerstoremaininthe vehicle. CAUTION:(Continued) CAUTION:(Continued)Tobeevenmorecertainthevehiclewillnot move,putblocksatthefrontandrearofthe tirefarthestawayfromtheonebeingchanged. Thatwouldbethetireontheotherside,atthe oppositeendofthevehicle. Whenyourvehiclehasaattire,usethefollowing exampleasaguidetoassistyouintheplacementof thewheelblocks. Thefollowinginformationwilltellyounexthowtouse thejackandchangeatire. 5-93

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RemovingtheSpareTireandToolsA.Knob B.RetainingHook C.WheelBlocks D.WingNutRetaining WheelBlocks E.Jack A.WingNutRetaining WheelBlocks B.WheelBlocks C.RetainingBracket andWingNut D.ToolKitandJack Tools E.RetainingHook F.Jack G.Knob 1500CrewCab RegularCabandCrewCab(Except1500CrewCab) 5-94

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A.WingNutRetaining WheelBlocks B.WheelBlocks C.RetainingHook D.Jack E.Knob F.RetainingBracket andWingNut G.ToolKitandJack Tools A.WingNutRetaining WheelBlocks B.WheelBlocks C.Jack D.RetainingHook E.Knob F.RetainingBracket andWingNut G.ToolKitandJack Tools Forregularcabmodels,theequipmentyouwillneedis behindthepassenger’sseat.Forextendedandcrew cabmodels,theequipmentisontheshelfbehind thepassenger’ssidesecondrowseat. ExtendedCab ExtendedCabShortBox 5-95

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1.Ifthereisacover,movetheseatsforwardandturn thewingnutonthecovercounterclockwiseto removeit.Forcrewcabmodels,pullupthesecond rowseatwiththeloopatthebaseoftheseat cushiontoaccessthetools. 2.Turntheknobonthejackcounterclockwisetolower thejackheadtoreleasethejackfromitsholder. 3.Removethewheelblocksandthewheelblock retainerbyturningthewingnutcounterclockwise. 4.Removethewingnutusedtoretainthestorage bagandtoolsbyturningitcounterclockwise. Youwillusethejackhandleextensionsandthewheel wrenchtoremovetheunderbody-mountedsparetire. A.SpareTire(Valve StemPointedDown) B.HoistAssembly C.HoistCable D.TireRetainer E.HoistShaft F.HoistEndof ExtensionTool G.HoistShaft AccessHole H.WheelWrench I.JackHandle Extensions J.SpareTireLock (IfEquipped) 5-96

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1.Openthesparetirelockcoveronthebumperand usetheignitionkeytoremovethelock,ifequipped withasparetirelock(J). 2.Assemblethewheelwrench(H)andthetwojack handleextensions(I)asshown. 3.Insertthehoistend (openend)(F)ofthe extensionthrough thehole(G)intherear bumper. Besurethehoistendoftheextensionconnectsto thehoistshaft(E).Theribbedsquareendofthe extensionisusedtolowerthesparetire. 4.Turnthewheelwrench(H)counterclockwiseto lowerthesparetiretotheground.Continueto turnthewheelwrenchuntilthesparetirecanbe pulledoutfromunderthevehicle. Ifthesparetiredoesnotlowertotheground,the secondarylatchisengagedcausingthetire nottolower.See SecondaryLatchSystemon page5-107 5-97

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5.Usethewheelwrench hookwhichallowsyou topullthehoist cabletowardsyouto assistinreaching thesparetire. 6.Tilttheretaineratthe endofthecablewhen thetirehasbeen lowered,soitcanbe pulledupthrough thewheelopening. 7.Putthesparetireneartheattire.RemovingtheFlatTireand InstallingtheSpareTireUsethefollowingpicturesandinstructionstoremove theattireandraisethevehicle. Thetoolsyouwillbeusingincludethejack(A),the wheelblocks(B),thejackhandle(C),thejackhandle extensions(D),andthewheelwrench(E). 5-98

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1.Ifyourvehiclehas wheelnutcaps,loosen thembyturningthe wheelwrench counterclockwise. Ifthevehiclehasacentercapwithwheelnutcaps, thewheelnutcapsaredesignedtostaywiththe centercapaftertheyareloosened.Remove theentirecentercap. Ifthewheelhasasmoothcentercap,placethe chiselendofthewheelwrenchinthesloton thewheel,andgentlypryitout. 5-99

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2.Usethewheelwrenchandturnitcounterclockwise toloosenthewheelnuts.Donotremovethewheel nutsyet. A.FrontLocation(Two-Wheel-Drive1500Series) B.FrontLocation(AllOtherSeries) C.RearLocation(AllSeries) 3.Positionthejackunderthevehicleasshown.Ifthe attireisonthefrontofthevehicle(two-wheel-drive 1500Seriesvehicles),positionthejackunderthe bracketattachedtothevehicle’sframe,behind theattire.Iftheattireisonthefrontofthe vehicle(allothermodels),positionthejackonthe framebehindtheattire. Iftheattireisontherear,positionthejackunder therearaxlebetweenthespringanchorandthe shockabsorberbracket. Ifyouhaveaddedasnowplowtothefrontofyour vehicle,lowerthesnowplowfullybeforeraising thevehicle. JackingLocations 5-100

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{CAUTION:Gettingunderavehiclewhenitisjackedupis dangerous.Ifthevehicleslipsoffthejackyou couldbebadlyinjuredorkilled.Nevergetunder avehiclewhenitissupportedonlybyajack. {CAUTION:Raisingyourvehiclewiththejackimproperly positionedcandamagethevehicleandeven makethevehiclefall.Tohelpavoidpersonal injuryandvehicledamage,besuretotthe jackliftheadintotheproperlocationbefore raisingthevehicle. FrontPosition-2WD1500Series 5-101

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4.Makesurethejackheadispositionedsothatthe rearaxleisrestingsecurelybetweenthegrooves thatareonthejackhead. 5.Turnthewheelwrenchclockwisetoraisethe vehicle.Raisethevehiclefarenoughofftheground sothereisenoughroomforthesparetiretot underthewheelwell. FrontPosition-AllOtherModels RearPosition 5-102

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6.Removeallthewheel nutsandtakeoffthe attire. {CAUTION:Rustordirtonthewheel,oronthepartsto whichitisfastened,canmakethewheelnuts becomelooseafteratime.Thewheelcould comeoffandcauseanaccident.Whenyou changeawheel,removeanyrustordirtfrom theplaceswherethewheelattachestothe CAUTION:(Continued) CAUTION:(Continued)vehicle.Inanemergency,youcanuseacloth orapapertoweltodothis;butbesuretouse ascraperorwirebrushlater,ifneeded,toget alltherustordirtoff. 7.Removeanyrustordirt fromthewheelbolts, mountingsurfaces,and sparewheel. 5-103

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8.Installthesparetire. {CAUTION:Neveruseoilorgreaseonstudsornuts.If youdo,thenutsmightcomeloose.Yourwheel couldfalloff,causingaseriousaccident. 9.Putthewheelnutsbackonwiththeroundedendof thenutstowardthewheel. 10.Tighteneachwheelnutbyhand.Thenusethe wheelwrenchtotightenthenutsuntilthewheel isheldagainstthehub. FrontPosition-AllModels 5-104

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11.Turnthewheelwrenchcounterclockwisetolower thevehicle.Lowerthejackcompletely. FrontPosition-2WD1500Series RearPosition 5-105

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{CAUTION:Incorrectwheelnutsorimproperlytightened wheelnutscancausethewheeltocomeloose andevencomeoff.Thiscouldleadtoan accident.Besuretousethecorrectwheel nuts.Ifyouhavetoreplacethem,besureto getnewGMoriginalequipmentwheelnuts. Stopsomewhereassoonasyoucanandhave thenutstightenedwithatorquewrenchtothe propertorquespecication.See Capacities andSpecicationsonpage5-132 forwheelnut torquespecication. Notice: Improperlytightenedwheelnutscanlead tobrakepulsationandrotordamage.Toavoid expensivebrakerepairs,evenlytightenthewheel nutsinthepropersequenceandtotheproper torquespecication.See Capacitiesand Specicationsonpage5-132 forthewheelnut torquespecication. 12.Tightenthenutsrmlyinacrisscrosssequenceas shownbyturningthewheelwrenchclockwise. Whenyoureinstalltheregularwheelandtire,youmust alsoreinstalleitherthecentercap,orbolt-onhub cap,dependingonwhatyourvehicleisequippedwith. Forcentercaps,placethecaponthewheeland tapitintoplaceuntilitseatsushwiththewheel.The caponlygoesononeway.Besuretolineupthetabon thecentercapwiththeindentationonthewheel.For bolt-onhubcaps,aligntheplasticnutcapswith thewheelnutsandthentightenbyhand.Thenusethe wheelwrenchtotighten. 5-106

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SecondaryLatchSystemYourvehiclehasanunderbody-mountedtirehoist assemblyequippedwithasecondarylatchsystem.Itis designedtostopthesparetirefromsuddenlyfalling offyourvehicle.Forthesecondarylatchtowork, thesparemustbeinstalledwiththevalvestempointing down.See StoringaFlatorSpareTireandToolson page5-110 {CAUTION:Beforebeginningthisprocedurereadallthe instructions.Failuretoreadandfollowthe instructionscoulddamagethehoistassembly andyouandotherscouldgethurt.Readand followtheinstructionslistedbelow. Toreleasethesparetirefromthesecondarylatch,do thefollowing: 1.Checkunderthevehicletoseeifthecableendis visible. Ifthecableisnotvisible,proceedtoStep6. 2.Ifitisvisible,rsttrytotightenthecablebyturning thewheelwrenchclockwiseuntilyouheartwo clicksorfeelitskiptwice.Youcannotovertighten thecable. 3.Loosenthecablebyturningthewheelwrench counterclockwisethreeorfourturns. 5-107

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4.Repeatthisprocedureatleasttwotimes.Ifthe sparetirelowerstotheground,continuewith Step5of RemovingtheSpareTireandToolson page5-94 5.Turnthewrenchcounterclockwiseuntil approximately6inches(15cm)ofcableisexposed. 6.Standthewheelblocksontheirshortestends,with thebacksfacingeachother. 7.Placethebottomedge ofthejack(A)onthe wheelblocks(B), separatingthemsothat thejackisbalanced securely. 8.Attachthejackhandle,extension,andwheel wrenchtothejackandplaceit(withthewheel blocks)underthevehicletowardsthefrontofthe rearbumper. 5-108

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9.Positionthecenterliftpointofthejackunderthe centerofthesparetire. 10.Turnthewheelwrenchclockwisetoraisethejack untilitliftstheendtting. 11.Continueraisingthejackuntilthesparetirestops movingupwardandisheldrmlyinplace.The secondarylatchhasreleasedandthesparetireis balancingonthejack. 12.Lowerthejackbyturningthewheelwrench counterclockwise.Keeploweringthejackuntilthe sparetireslidesoffthejackorishangingby thecable. {CAUTION:Someonestandingtoocloseduringthe procedurecouldbeinjuredbythejack.Ifthe sparetiredoesnotslideoffthejack completely,makesurenooneisbehindyouor oneithersideofyouasyoupullthejackout fromthespare. 13.Disconnectthejackhandlefromthejack.Carefully removethejackfromunderneaththevehicle. 14.Useonehandtopushagainstthesparewhile rmlypullingthejackoutfromunderthespare tirewiththeotherhand. Ifthesparetireishangingfromthecable,insertthe hoisthandle,extensionandwheelwrenchinto thehoistshaftholeinthebumperandturn thewheelwrenchcounterclockwisetolowerthe sparetherestoftheway. 5-109

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15.Tilttheretaineratthe endofthecableand pullitthroughthe wheelopening.Pullthe tireoutfromunder thevehicle. 16.Turnthewheelwrenchclockwisetoraisethecable backupifthecableishangingunderthevehicle. Havethehoistassemblyinspectedassoonasyoucan. Youwillnotbeabletostoreaspareorattireusing thehoistassemblyuntilithasbeenreplaced. Tocontinuechangingtheattire,see Removingthe FlatTireandInstallingtheSpareTireonpage5-98 .StoringaFlatorSpareTire andTools {CAUTION:Storingajack,atire,orotherequipmentinthe passengercompartmentofthevehiclecould causeinjury.Inasuddenstoporcollision, looseequipmentcouldstrikesomeone.Store alltheseintheproperplace. Notice: Storinganaluminumwheelwithaattire underyourvehicleforanextendedperiodoftimeor withthevalvestempointingupmaydamagethe wheel.Alwaysstowthewheelwiththevalve stempointingdownandhavethewheel/tirerepaired assoonaspossible. 5-110

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Storethetireundertherearofthevehicleinthesparetire carrier.Usethefollowingartandtexttoassistyou: A.SpareTire(Valve StemPointedDown) B.HoistAssembly C.HoistCable D.TireRetainer E.HoistShaft F.HoistEndof ExtensionTool G.HoistShaft AccessHole H.WheelWrench I.JackHandle Extensions J.SpareTireLock (IfEquipped) 1.Putthetireonthegroundattherearofthevehicle withthevalvestempointeddown,andtotherear. 2.Tilttheretainer downwardandthrough thewheelopening. Makesuretheretainer isfullyseatedacross theundersideof thewheel. 3.Attachthewheelwrench(H)andextensions(I) together. 5-111

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4.Insertthehoistend(F) throughthehole(G)in therearbumperand intothehoistshaft. 5.Raisethetirepartwayupward.Makesurethe retainerisseatedinthewheelopening. 6.Raisethetirefullyagainsttheundersideofthe vehiclebyturningthewheelwrenchclockwise untilyouheartwoclicksorfeelitskiptwice.You cannotovertightenthecable. 7.Makesurethetireisstoredsecurely.Push,pull(A), andthentrytoturn(B)thetire.Ifthetiremoves, usethewheelwrenchtotightenthecable. 8.Reinstallthesparetirelock(ifequipped). 5-112

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Tostorethejackandjacktools,dothefollowing: A.WingNut B.WheelBlocks C.RetainingBracket andWingNut D.WheelWrench andExtensions E.ToolBag F.MountingBracket G.Jack H.RetainingHook 1.Putthetools(D)inthetoolbag(E)andplacethem intheretainingbracket(C). 2.Tightendownthewingnut(C). 3.Assemblethewheelblocks(B)andjack(G) togetherwiththewingnut(A)andretaining hook(H). 4.Positionthejack(G)inthemountingbracket(F). Positiontheholesinthebaseofthejack(G)onto thepininthemountingbracket(F). 5.Returnthemtotheiroriginallocationinthevehicle. Formoreinformation,referto RemovingtheSpare TireandToolsonpage5-94 formoreinformation. 5-113

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SpareTireYourvehicle,whennew,hadafully-inatedsparetire. Asparetiremayloseairovertime,socheckits inationpressureregularly.See Ination-TirePressure onpage5-80 and LoadingYourVehicleonpage4-48 forinformationregardingpropertireinationandloading yourvehicle.Forinstructiononhowtoremove,install orstoreasparetire,see RemovingtheFlatTire andInstallingtheSpareTireonpage5-98 and Storing aFlatorSpareTireandToolsonpage5-110 Yourvehiclemayhaveadifferentsizesparetirethan theroadtiresoriginallyinstalledonyourvehicle. Thissparetirewasdevelopedforuseonyourvehicle, soitisallrighttodriveonit.Ifyourvehiclehas four-wheeldriveandthedifferentsizesparetireis installed,keepthevehicleintwo-wheeldrive. Notice: Ifyourvehiclehasfour-wheeldriveandthe differentsizesparetireisinstalledonyourvehicle, donotdriveinfour-wheeldriveuntilyoucan haveyourattirerepairedand/orreplaced.You coulddamageyourvehicle,andtherepaircosts wouldnotbecoveredbyyourwarranty.Neveruse four-wheeldrivewhenthedifferentsizespare tireisinstalledonyourvehicle. Afterinstallingthesparetireonyourvehicle,youshould stopassoonaspossibleandmakesurethespare tireiscorrectlyinated.Havethedamagedoratroad tirerepairedorreplacedassoonasyoucanand installedbackontoyourvehicle.Thisway,thesparetire willbeavailableincaseyouneeditagain. Donotmixtiresandwheelsofdifferentsizes,because theywillnott.Keepyoursparetireanditswheel together.Ifyourvehiclehasasparetirethatdoesnot matchyourvehicle’soriginalroadtiresandwheels insizeandtype,donotincludethespareinthe tirerotation.AppearanceCareCleaningtheInsideofYourVehicleYourvehicle’sinteriorwillcontinuetolookitsbestif itiscleanedoften.Althoughnotalwaysvisible,dustand dirtcanaccumulateonyourupholstery.Dirtcan damagecarpet,fabric,leather,andplasticsurfaces. Regularvacuumingisrecommendedtoremoveparticles fromyourupholstery.Itisimportanttokeepyour upholsteryfrombecomingandremainingheavilysoiled. Soilsshouldberemovedasquicklyaspossible.Your vehicle’sinteriormayexperienceextremesofheat thatcouldcausestainstosetrapidly. 5-114

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Lightercoloredinteriorsmayrequiremorefrequent cleaning.Usecarebecausenewspapersandgarments thattransfercolortoyourhomefurnishingsmayalso transfercolortoyourvehicle’sinterior. Whencleaningyourvehicle’sinterior,onlyusecleaners specicallydesignedforthesurfacesbeingcleaned. Permanentdamagemayresultfromusingcleanerson surfacesforwhichtheywerenotintended.Useglass cleaneronlyonglass.Removeanyaccidentalover-spray fromothersurfacesimmediately.Topreventover-spray, applycleanerdirectlytothecleaningcloth. Notice: Ifyouuseabrasivecleanerswhencleaning glasssurfacesonyourvehicle,youcouldscratch theglass.Whencleaningtheglassonyourvehicle, useonlyasoftclothandglasscleaner. Manycleanerscontainsolventsthatmaybecome concentratedinyourvehicle’sbreathingspace.Before usingcleaners,readandadheretoallsafety instructionsonthelabel.Whilecleaningyourvehicle’s interior,maintainadequateventilationbyopening yourvehicle’sdoorsandwindows. Dustmayberemovedfromsmallbuttonsandknobs usingasmallbrushwithsoftbristles. YourGMdealerhasaproductforcleaningyour vehicle’sglass.Shoulditbecomenecessary,youcan alsoobtainaproductfromyourGMdealertoremove odorsfromyourvehicle’supholstery. Donotcleanyourvehicleusingthefollowingcleaners ortechniques:Neveruseaknifeoranyothersharpobjectto removeasoilfromanyinteriorsurface.Neveruseastiffbrush.Itcancausedamageto yourvehicle’sinteriorsurfaces.Neverapplyheavypressureorrubaggressively withacleaningcloth.Useofheavypressure candamageyourinterioranddoesnotimprovethe effectivenessofsoilremoval.Useonlymild,neutral-pHsoaps.Avoidlaundry detergentsordishwashingsoapswithdegreasers. Usingtoomuchsoapwillleavearesiduethat leavesstreaksandattractsdirt.Forliquidcleaners, about20dropspergallon(3.78L)ofwaterisa goodguide.Donotheavilysaturateyourupholsterywhile cleaning.Damagetoyourvehicle’sinteriormayresultfrom theuseofmanyorganicsolventssuchasnaptha, alcohol,etc. 5-115

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Fabric/CarpetUseavacuumcleanerwithasoftbrushattachment frequentlytoremovedustandloosedirt.Acanister vacuumwithabeaterbarinthenozzlemayonlybeused onoorcarpetandcarpetedoormats.Forsoils,always trytoremovethemrstwithplainwaterorclubsoda. Beforecleaning,gentlyremoveasmuchofthesoilas possibleusingoneofthefollowingtechniques:Forliquids:gentlyblottheremainingsoilwithapaper towel.Allowthesoiltoabsorbintothepapertowel untilnomorecanberemoved.Forsoliddrysoils:removeasmuchaspossibleand thenvacuum. Toclean,usethefollowinginstructions: 1.Saturatealint-free,cleanwhiteclothwithwateror clubsoda. 2.Wringtheclothtoremoveexcessmoisture. 3.Startontheoutsideedgeofthesoilandgentlyrub towardthecenter.Continuecleaning,usingaclean areaoftheclotheachtimeitbecomessoiled. 4.Continuetogentlyrubthesoiledareauntilthe cleaningclothremainsclean. 5.Ifthesoilisnotcompletelyremoved,useamild soapsolutionandrepeatthecleaningprocess thatwasusedwithplainwater. Ifanyofthesoilremains,acommercialfabriccleaneror spotliftermaybenecessary.Whenacommercial upholsterycleanerorspotlifteristobeused,testa smallhiddenareaforcolorfastnessrst.Ifthelocally cleanedareagivesanyimpressionthataringformation mayresult,cleantheentiresurface. Afterthecleaningprocesshasbeencompleted,apaper towelcanbeusedtoblotexcessmoisturefromthe fabricorcarpet.LeatherAsoftclothdampenedwithwatermaybeusedto removedust.Ifamorethoroughcleaningisnecessary, asoftclothdampenedwithamildsoapsolutioncan beused.Allowtheleathertodrynaturally.Donotuse heattodry.Neverusesteamtocleanleather.Never usespotliftersorspotremoversonleather.Many commercialleathercleanersandcoatingsthataresold topreserveandprotectleathermaypermanently changetheappearanceandfeelofyourleatherandare notrecommended.Donotusesiliconeorwax-based products,orthosecontainingorganicsolventstoclean yourvehicle’sinteriorbecausetheycanalterthe appearancebyincreasingtheglossinanon-uniform manner.Neveruseshoepolishonyourleather. 5-116

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InstrumentPanel,Vinyl,andOther PlasticSurfacesAsoftclothdampenedwithwatermaybeusedto removedust.Ifamorethoroughcleaningisnecessary, acleansoftclothdampenedwithamildsoapsolution canbeusedtogentlyremovedustanddirt.Neveruse spotliftersorremoversonplasticsurfaces.Many commercialcleanersandcoatingsthataresoldto preserveandprotectsoftplasticsurfacesmay permanentlychangetheappearanceandfeelofyour interiorandarenotrecommended.Donotusesilicone orwax-basedproducts,orthosecontainingorganic solventstocleanyourvehicle’sinteriorbecause theycanaltertheappearancebyincreasingtheglossin anon-uniformmanner. Somecommercialproductsmayincreaseglossonyour instrumentpanel.Theincreaseinglossmaycause annoyingreectionsinthewindshieldandevenmakeit difficulttoseethroughthewindshieldundercertain conditions.CareofSafetyBeltsKeepbeltscleananddry. {CAUTION:Donotbleachordyesafetybelts.Ifyoudo,it mayseverelyweakenthem.Inacrash,they mightnotbeabletoprovideadequate protection.Cleansafetybeltsonlywithmild soapandlukewarmwater.WeatherstripsSiliconegreaseonweatherstripswillmakethemlast longer,sealbetter,andnotstickorsqueak.Apply siliconegreasewithacleancloth.Duringverycold, dampweatherfrequentapplicationmayberequired.See RecommendedFluidsandLubricants(Gasoline Engine)onpage6-14 5-117

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WashingYourVehicleThepaintnishonthevehicleprovidesbeauty,depthof color,glossretention,anddurability. Thebestwaytopreservethevehicle’snishistokeepit cleanbywashingitoftenwithlukewarmorcoldwater. Donotwashthevehicleinthedirectraysofthesun. Useacarwashingsoap.Donotusestrongsoaps orchemicaldetergents.Besuretorinsethevehiclewell, removingallsoapresiduecompletely.GM-approved cleaningproductscanbeobtainedfromyourdealer.See VehicleCare/AppearanceMaterialsonpage5-121 Donotusecleaningagentsthatarepetroleumbased, orthatcontainacidorabrasives.Allcleaningagents shouldbeushedpromptlyandnotallowedtodryonthe surface,ortheycouldstain.Drythenishwithasoft, cleanchamoisoranall-cottontoweltoavoidsurface scratchesandwaterspotting. Highpressurecarwashesmaycausewatertoenterthe vehicle.CleaningExteriorLamps/LensesUseonlylukewarmorcoldwater,asoftclothandacar washingsoaptocleanexteriorlampsandlenses. Followinstructionsunder WashingYourVehicleon page5-118 .FinishCareOccasionalwaxingormildpolishingofyourvehicleby handmaybenecessarytoremoveresiduefromthe paintnish.YoucangetGM-approvedcleaningproducts fromyourdealer.See VehicleCare/Appearance Materialsonpage5-121 Ifyourvehiclehasa“basecoat/clearcoat”paintnish, theclearcoatgivesmoredepthandglosstothecolored basecoat.Alwaysusewaxesandpolishesthatare non-abrasiveandmadeforabasecoat/clearcoatpaint nish. Notice: Machinecompoundingoraggressive polishingonabasecoat/clearcoatpaintnishmay damageit.Useonlynon-abrasivewaxesand polishesthataremadeforabasecoat/clearcoat paintnishonyourvehicle. Foreignmaterialssuchascalciumchlorideandother salts,icemeltingagents,roadoilandtar,treesap,bird droppings,chemicalsfromindustrialchimneys,etc.,can damageyourvehicle’snishiftheyremainonpainted surfaces.Washthevehicleassoonaspossible.If necessary,usenon-abrasivecleanersthataremarked safeforpaintedsurfacestoremoveforeignmatter. Exteriorpaintedsurfacesaresubjecttoaging,weather andchemicalfalloutthatcantaketheirtollovera periodofyears.Youcanhelptokeepthepaintnish lookingnewbykeepingyourvehiclegaragedorcovered wheneverpossible. 5-118

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ProtectingExteriorBrightMetalPartsBrightmetalpartsshouldbecleanedregularlytokeep theirluster.Washingwithwaterisallthatisusually needed.However,youmayusechromepolishon chromeorstainlesssteeltrim,ifnecessary. Usespecialcarewithaluminumtrim.Toavoiddamaging protectivetrim,neveruseautoorchromepolish, steamorcausticsoaptocleanaluminum.Acoatingof wax,rubbedtohighpolish,isrecommendedforall brightmetalparts.WindshieldandWiperBladesIfthewindshieldisnotclearafterusingthewindshield washer,orifthewiperbladechatterswhenrunning, wax,sap,orothermaterialmaybeontheblade orwindshield. Cleantheoutsideofthewindshieldwithaglass cleaningliquidorpowderandwatersolution.The windshieldiscleanifbeadsdonotformwhenitisrinsed withwater. Grimefromthewindshieldwillsticktothewiperblades andaffecttheirperformance.Cleanthebladebywiping vigorouslywithaclothsoakedinfull-strengthwindshield washersolvent.Thenrinsethebladewithwater. Checkthewiperbladesandcleanthemasnecessary; replacebladesthatlookworn.AluminumorChrome-PlatedWheelsThevehiclemaybeequippedwitheitheraluminumor chrome-platedwheels. Keepthewheelscleanusingasoftcleanclothwithmild soapandwater.Rinsewithcleanwater.Afterrinsing thoroughly,drywithasoftcleantowel.Awaxmaythen beapplied. Notice: Ifyouusestrongsoaps,chemicals, abrasivepolishes,cleaners,brushes,orcleaners thatcontainacidonaluminumorchrome-plated wheels,youcoulddamagethesurfaceofthe wheel(s).Therepairswouldnotbecoveredbyyour warranty.UseonlyGM-approvedcleanerson aluminumorchrome-platedwheels. Thesurfaceofthesewheelsissimilartothepainted surfaceofyourvehicle.Donotusestrongsoaps, chemicals,abrasivepolishes,abrasivecleaners, cleanerswithacid,orabrasivecleaningbrusheson thembecauseyoucoulddamagethesurface.Donot usechromepolishonaluminumwheels. Notice: Usingchromepolishonaluminumwheels coulddamagethewheels.Therepairswouldnot becoveredbyyourwarranty.Usechromepolishon chromewheelsonly. Usechromepolishonlyonchrome-platedwheels,but avoidanypaintedsurfaceofthewheel,andbuffoff immediatelyafterapplication. 5-119

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Notice: Ifyoudriveyourvehiclethroughan automaticcarwashthathassiliconecarbidetire cleaningbrushes,youcoulddamagethealuminum orchrome-platedwheels.Therepairswouldnot becoveredbyyourwarranty.Neverdriveavehicle equippedwithaluminumorchrome-platedwheels throughanautomaticcarwashthatusessilicone carbidetirecleaningbrushes. Donottakeyourvehiclethroughanautomaticcarwash thathassiliconecarbidetirecleaningbrushes.These brushescanalsodamagethesurfaceofthesewheels.TiresTocleanthetires,useastiffbrushwithtirecleaner. Notice: Usingpetroleum-basedtiredressing productsonyourvehiclemaydamagethepaint nishand/ortires.Whenapplyingatiredressing, alwayswipeoffanyoversprayfromallpainted surfacesonyourvehicle.SheetMetalDamageIfthevehicleisdamagedandrequiressheetmetal repairorreplacement,makesurethebodyrepairshop appliesanti-corrosionmaterialtopartsrepairedor replacedtorestorecorrosionprotection. Originalmanufacturerreplacementpartswillprovidethe corrosionprotectionwhilemaintainingthewarranty.UnderbodyMaintenanceChemicalsusedforiceandsnowremovalanddust controlcancollectontheunderbody.Ifthesearenot removed,corrosionandrustcandeveloponthe underbodypartssuchasfuellines,frame,oorpan, andexhaustsystemeventhoughtheyhavecorrosion protection. Atleasteveryspring,ushthesematerialsfromthe underbodywithplainwater.Cleananyareaswheremud anddebriscancollect.Dirtpackedincloseareasof theframeshouldbeloosenedbeforebeingushed. Yourdealeroranunderbodycarwashingsystemcan dothisforyou. 5-120

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ChemicalPaintSpottingSomeweatherandatmosphericconditionscancreatea chemicalfallout.Airbornepollutantscanfalluponand attackpaintedsurfacesonthevehicle.Thisdamagecan taketwoforms:blotchy,ring-shapeddiscolorations, andsmall,irregulardarkspotsetchedintothe paintsurface. Althoughnodefectinthepaintjobcausesthis,GMwill repair,atnochargetotheowner,thesurfacesof newvehiclesdamagedbythisfalloutconditionwithin 12monthsor12,000miles(20000km)ofpurchase, whicheveroccursrst.VehicleCare/AppearanceMaterials DescriptionUsage PolishingCloth Wax-Treated Interiorandexterior polishingcloth. TarandRoadOil Remover Removestar,roadoil, andasphalt. ChromeCleanerand Polish Useonchromeor stainlesssteel. WhiteSidewallTire Cleaner Removessoilandblack marksfromwhitewalls. VinylCleanerCleansvinyl. GlassCleaner Removesdirt,grime, smokeandngerprints. ChromeandWireWheel Cleaner Removesdirtandgrime fromchromewheelsand wirewheelcovers. FinishEnhancer Removesdust, ngerprints,andsurface contaminants.Sprayon andwipeoff. 5-121

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DescriptionUsage SwirlRemoverPolish Removesswirlmarks,ne scratches,andotherlight surfacecontamination. CleanerWax Removeslightscratches andprotectsnish. FoamingTireShine LowGloss Cleans,shines,and protectsinonestep.No wipingnecessary. WashWaxConcentrate Mediumfoaming shampoo.Cleansand lightlywaxes. Biodegradableand phosphatefree. SpotLifter Quicklyremovesspots andstainsfromcarpets, vinyl,andcloth upholstery. OdorEliminator Odorlesssprayodor eliminatorusedonfabrics, vinyl,leatherandcarpet.VehicleIdenticationVehicleIdenticationNumber(VIN)Thisisthelegalidentierforyourvehicle.Itappearson aplateinthefrontcorneroftheinstrumentpanel,on thedriver’sside.Youcanseeitifyoulookthroughthe windshieldfromoutsideyourvehicle.TheVINalso appearsontheVehicleCerticationandServiceParts labelsandthecerticatesoftitleandregistration. 5-122

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EngineIdenticationTheeighthcharacterintheVINistheenginecode.This codewillhelpyouidentifyyourvehicle’sengine, specications,andreplacementparts.ServicePartsIdenticationLabelYouwillndthislabelontheinsideoftheglovebox.It isveryhelpfulifyoueverneedtoorderparts.On thislabel,youwillndthefollowing:VINModeldesignationPaintinformationProductionoptionsandspecialequipment Besurethatthislabelisnotremovedfromthevehicle.ElectricalSystemAdd-OnElectricalEquipmentNotice: Don’taddanythingelectricaltoyourvehicle unlessyoucheckwithyourdealerrst.Some electricalequipmentcandamageyourvehicleand thedamagewouldn’tbecoveredbyyourwarranty. Someadd-onelectricalequipmentcankeepother componentsfromworkingastheyshould. Yourvehiclehasanairbagsystem.Beforeattemptingto addanythingelectricaltoyourvehicle,see Servicing YourAirbag-EquippedVehicleonpage1-86 .WindshieldWiperFusesThewindshieldwipermotorisprotectedbyaninternal circuitbreakerandafuse.Ifthemotoroverheatsdueto heavysnow,etc.,thewiperwillstopuntilthemotor cools.Iftheoverloadiscausedbysomeelectrical problemandnotsnow,etc.,besuretogetitxed. 5-123

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PowerWindowsandOtherPower OptionsCircuitbreakersprotectthepowerwindowsandother poweraccessories.Whenthecurrentloadistooheavy, thecircuitbreakeropensandcloses,protectingthe circuituntiltheproblemisxedorgoesaway.FusesandCircuitBreakersThewiringcircuitsinyourvehicleareprotectedfrom shortcircuitsbyacombinationoffuses,circuitbreakers andfusiblethermallinks.Thisgreatlyreducesthe chanceofrescausedbyelectricalproblems. Lookatthesilver-coloredbandinsidethefuse.Ifthe bandisbrokenormelted,replacethefuse.Besureyou replaceabadfusewithanewoneoftheidentical sizeandrating. Ifyoueverhaveaproblemontheroadanddon’thave asparefuse,youcanborrowonethathasthesame amperage.Justpicksomefeatureofyourvehicle thatyoucangetalongwithout–liketheradioor cigarettelighter–anduseitsfuse,ifitisthecorrect amperage.Replaceitassoonasyoucan.InstrumentPanelFuseBlockThefuseblockaccess doorisonthedriver’sside edgeoftheinstrument panel.Pulloffthecoverto accessthefuseblock. Toremovefuses,holdtheendofthefusebetweenyour thumbandindexngerandpullstraightout. Youmayhavesparefuseslocatedbehindthefuse blockaccessdoor.Thesecanbeusedtoreplaceabad fuse.However,makesureitisofthecorrectamperage. 5-124

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FusesUsage RRWPRNotUsed SEOACCY SpecialEquipmentOption Accessory WSWPRWindshieldWipers TBCACCY TruckBodyController Accessory IGN3Ignition,HeatedSeats FusesUsage 4WD Four-WheelDriveSystem, AuxiliaryBattery HTRA/CClimateControlSystem LOCK(Relay) PowerDoorLockRelay (LockFunction) HVAC1ClimateControlSystem LTDR Driver’sDoorHarness Connection CRUISE CruiseControl,PowerTake Off(PTO) UNLCK(Relay) PowerDoorLockRelay (UnlockFunction) RRFOGLPNotUsed BRAKEAnti-LockBrakeSystem DRIVERUNLCK PowerDoorLockRelay (Driver’sDoorUnlock Function) IGN0TCM TBCIGN0TruckBodyController VEHCHMSL VehicleandTrailerHigh MountedStoplamp LTTRLRST/TRNLeftTurnSignal/StopTrailer 5-125

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FusesUsage LTTRN LeftTurnSignalsand Sidemarkers VEHSTOP VehicleStoplamps,Brake Module,ElectronicThrottle ControlModule RTTRLRST/TRNRightTurnSignal/StopTrailer RTTRN RightTurnSignalsand Sidemarkers BODYHarnessConnector DDMDriverDoorModule AUXPWR2,M/GATENotUsed LCKSPowerDoorLockSystem ECC,TPM TirePressureMonitoring System TBC2CTruckBodyController HAZRDFlasherModule CBLTDRS LeftPowerWindowsCircuit Breaker TBC2BTruckBodyController TBC2ATruckBodyControllerCenterInstrumentPanelFuseBlockThecenterinstrumentpanelutilityblockislocated underneaththeinstrumentpanel,totheleftofthe steeringcolumn. DeviceUsage SEOSpecialEquipmentOption TRAILERTrailerBrakeWiring UPFITUptter(NotUsed) SLRIDE RideControlHarness Connection 5-126

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DeviceUsage HDLR2HeadlinerWiringConnector BODYBodyWiringConnector DEFOGRearDefoggerRelay HDLNR1HeadlinerWiringConnector1 SPARERELAYNotUsed CBSEAT DriverandPassengerSeat ModuleCircuitBreaker CBRTDOOR RightPowerWindowsCircuit Breaker SPARENotUsed INFO InfotainmentHarness ConnectionUnderhoodFuseBlockTheunderhoodfuseblockintheenginecompartment onthedriver’ssideofthevehiclenearthebattery. Liftthecoverforaccesstothefuse/relayblock. Toremovefusesholdtheendofthefusebetweenyour thumbandindexngerandpullstraightout. See EngineCompartmentOverviewonpage5-14 for moreinformationonitslocation. 5-127

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*1 FuelInjectionRail#2-GasolineEngine;Engine ControlModule-DieselEngine. *2 FuelInjectionRail#1-GasolineEngine; Actuator-DieselEngine. *3 OxygenSensors-GasolineEngine;FuelHeater-Diesel Engine. *4 OxygenSensors-GasolineEngine;EngineControl Module1-DieselEngine. *5 Ignition1-GasolineEngine;EngineControl Module-DieselEngine. *6 PowertrainControlModuleB-GasolineEngine; EngineControlModuleB-DieselEngine. *7 RearClimateControl. *8 Sunroof. FusesUsage GLOWPLUG DieselGlowPlugsandIntake AirHeater CUSTFEEDGasolineAccessoryPower HYBRIDHybrid STUD#1 AuxiliaryPower(Single BatteryandDieselsOnly)/ DualBattery(TP2)Donot installfuse. MBEC MidBussedElectricalCenter PowerFeed,FrontSeats, RightDoors FusesUsage BLWRFrontClimateControlFan LBEC LeftBussedElectricalCenter, DoorModules,DoorLocks, AuxiliaryPowerOutlet—Rear CargoAreaandInstrument Panel STUD#2* AccessoryPower/Trailer WiringBrakeFeed ABSAnti-lockBrakes VSES/ECASVehicleStability IGNAIgnitionPower IGNBIgnitionPower LBEC1 LeftBussedElectricalCenter, LeftDoors,TruckBody Controller,FlasherModule TRLPARKParkingLampsTrailerWiring RRPARK RightRearParkingand SidemarkerLamps LRPARK LeftRearParkingand SidemarkerLamps PARKLPParkingLampsRelay STRTRStarterRelay INTPARKInteriorLamps STOPLPStoplamps TBCBATT TruckBodyController BatteryFeed 5-129

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FusesUsage SEOB2Off-RoadLamps 4WSNotUsed AUXPWR AuxiliaryPower Outlet—Console PCM1PowertrainControlModule ETC/ECM ElectronicThrottleControl, ElectronicBrake Controller-GasolineEngine, FanClutch-DieselEngines IGNE InstrumentPanelCluster, AirConditioningRelay,Turn Signal/HazardSwitch, StarterRelay RTDRideControl TRLB/UBackupLampsTrailerWiring F/PMPFuelPump(Relay) B/ULP Back-upLamps,Automatic TransmissionShiftLock ControlSystem RRDEFOGRearWindowDefogger HDLP-HIHeadlampHighBeamRelay PRIMENotUsed AIRBAG SupplementalInatable RestraintSystem FRTPARK FrontParkingLamps, SidemarkerLamps FusesUsage DRL DaytimeRunning Lamps(Relay) SEOIGNRearDefogRelay TBCIGN1TruckBodyControllerIgnition HIHDLP-LTHighBeamHeadlamp-Left LHHIDNotUsed DRLDaytimeRunningLamps RVCRegulatedVoltageControl IPC/DIC InstrumentPanel Cluster/DriverInformation Center HVAC/ECASClimateControlController CIGLTRCigaretteLighter HIHDLP-RTHighBeamHeadlamp-Right HDLP-LOWHeadlampLowBeamRelay A/CCOMP AirConditioningCompressor Relay A/CCOMPAirConditioningCompressor TCMBTransmissionControlModule RRWPRNotUsed RADIOAudioSystem SEOB1 MidBussedElectricalCenter, RearHeatedSeats, UniversalHomeRemote System 5-130

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FusesUsage LOHDLP-LTHeadlampLowBeam-Left BTSI BrakeTransmissionShift InterlockSystem CRNKStartingSystem LOHDLP-RTHeadlampLowBeam-Right FOGLPFogLampsRelay FOGLPFogLamps HORNHornRelay W/SWASH WindshieldWasherPump Relay W/SWASHWindshieldWasherPump INFO OnStar/RearSeat Entertainment RADIOAMPRadioAmplier RHHIDNotUsed HORNHorn EAPNotUsed TRECNotUsed SBASupplementalBrakeAssistAuxiliaryElectricCoolingFan FuseBlockTheauxiliaryelectric coolingfanfuseblockis locatedintheengine compartmentonthe driver’ssideofthevehicle nexttotheunderhood fuseblock. Liftthecoverforaccesstothefuse/relayblock. FusesUsage COOL/FANCoolingFan COOL/FANCoolingFanRelayFuse COOL/FANCoolingFanFuse RelaysUsage COOL/FAN1CoolingFanRelay1 COOL/FAN3CoolingFanRelay3 COOL/FAN2CoolingFanRelay2 5-131

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CapacitiesandSpecicationsThefollowingapproximatecapacitiesaregiveninEnglishandmetricconversions.See RecommendedFluidsand Lubricants(GasolineEngine)onpage6-14 formoreinformation. Application Capacities EnglishMetric CoolingSystem 4.3LV6AutomaticwithFrontA/C*14.8qt14.0L 4.3LV6AutomaticwithFrontA/C**16.5qt15.6L 4.3LV6ManualwithFrontA/C*15.1qt14.3L 4.3LV6ManualwithFrontA/C**16.6qt15.7L 4.8LV8AutomaticwithFrontA/C*15.2qt14.4L 4.8LV8AutomaticwithFrontA/C**16.8qt15.9L 4.8LV8ManualwithFrontA/C*15.5qt14.7L 4.8LV8ManualwithFrontA/C**17.0qt16.1L 5.3LV8AutomaticwithFrontA/C*15.2qt14.4L 5.3LV8AutomaticwithFrontA/C**16.8qt15.9L 6.0LV8Automatic*16.2qt15.3L 6.0LV8Automatic**16.7qt15.8L 6.0LV8Manual*16.7qt15.8L 8.1LV8HDAutomatic*25.0qt23.7L 8.1LV8Automatic*26.9qt25.5L 8.1V8Manual*27.1qt25.6L *EngineFanDrivencoolingsystem **ElectricCoolingFansystem 5-132

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Application Capacities EnglishMetric EngineOilwithFilter 4.3V64.5qt4.3L 4.8V8;5.3V8;6.0V86.0qt5.7L 8.1V86.5qt6.1L FuelTank ShortBedand2500LD26.0gal98.0L LongBedandChassisCab(PickupBoxDelete)34.0gal128.7L ChassisCab3500and3500HD—front27.0gal102.0L ChassisCab3500and3500HD—rear23.0gal87.0L TransferCaseFluid2.0qt1.9L WheelNutTorque140ftlb190 Y Afterrell,thelevelmustberechecked.Addenoughenginecoolantsothattheuidiswithintheproper operatingrange. 5-133

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EngineSpecicationsEngineVINCodeTransmissionSparkPlugGap VORTEC™4.3LV6X Automatic Manual 0.060inches(1.52mm) VORTEC™4.8LV8V Automatic Manual 0.040inches(1.01mm) VORTEC™5.3LV8ZAutomatic0.040inches(1.01mm) VORTEC™5.3LV8TAutomatic0.040inches(1.01mm) VORTEC™6.0V8U Automatic Manual 0.040inches(1.01mm) VORTEC™6.0LV8N Automatic Manual 0.040inches(1.01mm) VORTEC™8.1LV8G Automatic Manual 0.060inches(1.52mm) 5-134

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MaintenanceSchedule ..................................... .6-2 Introduction .................................................. .6-2 MaintenanceRequirements ............................. .6-2 YourVehicleandtheEnvironment ................... .6-2 UsingtheMaintenanceSchedule ..................... .6-3 ScheduledMaintenance(GasolineEngine) ........ .6-4 AdditionalRequiredServices (GasolineEngine) ...................................... .6-7 MaintenanceFootnotes(GasolineEngine) ......... .6-9 OwnerChecksandServices ......................... .6-11 AttheFirst100,1,000and6,000Miles (160,1600and10000km) ...................... .6-11 AtEachFuelFill ......................................... .6-11 AtLeastOnceaMonth ................................ .6-11 AtLeastOnceaYear .................................. .6-12 RecommendedFluidsandLubricants (GasolineEngine) ..................................... .6-14 NormalMaintenanceReplacementParts (GasolineEngines) ................................... .6-17 EngineDriveBeltRouting ............................. .6-18 MaintenanceRecord .................................... .6-19 Section6MaintenanceSchedule 6-1

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MaintenanceScheduleIntroductionThismaintenancesectionappliestovehicleswitha gasolineengine.Ifyourvehiclehasadieselengine,see themaintenanceschedulesectioninthe DURAMAXDieselEngineSupplement. Important:Keepengineoilattheproperleveland changeasrecommended. HaveyoupurchasedtheGMProtectionPlan?ThePlan supplementsyournewvehiclewarranties.Seeyour WarrantyandOwnerAssistancebookletoryourdealer fordetails.MaintenanceRequirementsNotice: Maintenanceintervals,checks,inspections, replacementparts,andrecommendeduidsand lubricantsasprescribedinthismanualare necessarytokeepyourvehicleingoodworking condition.Anydamagecausedbyfailuretofollow scheduledmaintenancemaynotbecoveredby warranty.YourVehicleandtheEnvironmentPropervehiclemaintenancenotonlyhelpstokeepyour vehicleingoodworkingcondition,butalsohelpsthe environment.Allrecommendedmaintenanceis important.Impropervehiclemaintenancecaneven affectthequalityoftheairwebreathe.Improperuid levelsorthewrongtireinationcanincreasethelevelof emissionsfromyourvehicle.Tohelpprotectour environment,andtokeepyourvehicleingoodcondition, besuretomaintainyourvehicleproperly. 6-2

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UsingtheMaintenanceScheduleWeatGeneralMotorswanttohelpyoukeepyour vehicleingoodworkingcondition.Butwedonotknow exactlyhowyouwilldriveit.Youmaydrivevery shortdistancesonlyafewtimesaweek.Oryoumay drivelongdistancesallthetimeinveryhot,dusty weather.Youmayuseyourvehicleinmakingdeliveries. Oryoumaydriveittowork,todoerrands,orinmany otherways. Becauseofallthedifferentwayspeopleusetheir vehicles,maintenanceneedsvary.Youmayneedmore frequentchecksandreplacements.Sopleaseread thefollowingandnotehowyoudrive.Ifyouhaveany questionsonhowtokeepyourvehicleingoodcondition, seeyourGMGoodwrenchdealer. Thisscheduleisforvehiclesthat:carrypassengersandcargowithinrecommended limits.Youwillndtheselimitsonthetireand loadinginformationlabel.See LoadingYourVehicle onpage4-48 .aredrivenonreasonableroadsurfaceswithinlegal drivinglimits.aredrivenoff-roadintherecommendedmanner. See Off-RoadDrivingonpage4-17 .usetherecommendedfuel.See GasolineOctane onpage5-6 Theservicesin ScheduledMaintenance(Gasoline Engine)onpage6-4 shouldbeperformedwhen indicated.See AdditionalRequiredServices(Gasoline Engine)onpage6-7 and MaintenanceFootnotes (GasolineEngine)onpage6-9 forfurtherinformation. {CAUTION:Performingmaintenanceworkonavehiclecan bedangerous.Intryingtodosomejobs,you canbeseriouslyinjured.Doyourown maintenanceworkonlyifyouhavethe requiredknow-howandthepropertoolsand equipmentforthejob.Ifyouhaveanydoubt, seeyourGMGoodwrenchdealertohavea qualiedtechniciandothework.See Doing YourOwnServiceWorkonpage5-5 Somemaintenanceservicescanbecomplex.So, unlessyouaretechnicallyqualiedandhavethe necessaryequipment,youshouldhaveyourGM Goodwrenchdealerdothesejobs. WhenyougotoyourGMGoodwrenchdealerforyour serviceneeds,youwillknowthatGM-trainedand supportedservicetechnicianswillperformthework usinggenuineGMparts. 6-3

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Ifyouwanttopurchaseserviceinformation,see Service PublicationsOrderingInformationonpage7-14 OwnerChecksandServicesonpage6-11 tellsyou whatshouldbechecked,whentocheckit,andwhatyou caneasilydotohelpkeepyourvehicleingood condition. Theproperreplacementparts,uids,andlubricantsto usearelistedin RecommendedFluidsandLubricants (GasolineEngine)onpage6-14 and Normal MaintenanceReplacementParts(GasolineEngines)on page6-17 .Whenyourvehicleisserviced,makesure theseareused.Allpartsshouldbereplacedand allnecessaryrepairsdonebeforeyouoranyoneelse drivesthevehicle.Werecommendtheuseofgenuine GMparts.ScheduledMaintenance (GasolineEngine)Thismaintenancesectionappliestovehicleswitha gasolineengine.Ifyourvehiclehasadieselengine,see themaintenanceschedulesectionintheDURAMAXDieselEngineSupplement. WhentheCHANGEENGINEOILmessagecomeson,it meansthatserviceisrequiredforyourvehicle.Have yourvehicleservicedassoonaspossiblewithinthenext 600miles(1000km).Itispossiblethat,ifyouare drivingunderthebestconditions,theengineoil lifesystemmaynotindicatethatvehicleserviceis necessaryforoverayear.However,yourengineoiland ltermustbechangedatleastonceayearandat thistimethesystemmustbereset.YourGM GoodwrenchdealerhasGM-trainedservicetechnicians whowillperformthisworkusinggenuineGMparts andresetthesystem. Iftheengineoillifesystemiseverresetaccidentally, youmustserviceyourvehiclewithin3,000miles (5000km)sinceyourlastservice.Remembertoreset theoillifesystemwhenevertheoilischanged.See EngineOilLifeSystem(GasolineEngine)onpage5-23 forinformationontheEngineOilLifeSystemand resettingthesystem. 6-4

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WhentheCHANGEENGINEOILmessageappears, certainservices,checks,andinspectionsarerequired. Requiredservicesaredescribedinthefollowingfor “Maintenance I ”and“Maintenance II .”Generally, itisrecommendedthatyourrstservicebe Maintenance I ,yoursecondservicebeMaintenance II andthatyoualternateMaintenance I andMaintenance II thereafter.However,insomecases,Maintenance II mayberequiredmoreoften. Maintenance I —UseMaintenance I iftheCHANGE ENGINEOILmessagecomesonwithin10monthssince thevehiclewaspurchasedorMaintenance II was performed. Maintenance II —UseMaintenance II iftheprevious serviceperformedwasMaintenance I .Alwaysuse Maintenance II wheneverthemessagecomeson 10monthsormoresincethelastserviceorifthe messagehasnotcomeonatallforoneyear. ScheduledMaintenanceServiceMaintenance I Maintenance II Changeengineoilandlter.See EngineOil(GasolineEngine)onpage5-20 Resetoillifesystem.See EngineOilLifeSystem(GasolineEngine)on page5-23 AnEmissionControlService. €€ AllisonTransmissiononly:Replaceexternalcontrol-mainlteronlyattherst maintenanceserviceperformedonthevehicle. Lubricatechassiscomponents. Seefootnote#. €€ Visuallycheckforanyleaksordamage. Seefootnote(j). €€ Inspectengineaircleanerlterorchangeindicator(ifequipped).Ifnecessary, replacelter.See EngineAirCleaner/Filter(GasolineEngines)onpage5-25 Seefootnote(p). € Rotatetiresandcheckinationpressuresandwear.See TireInspectionand Rotationonpage5-82 and“TireWearInspection”in AtLeastOnceaMonth onpage6-11 €€ 6-5

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ScheduledMaintenance(cont’d)ServiceMaintenance I Maintenance II Inspectbrakesystem. Seefootnote(a). €€ Checkenginecoolantandwindshieldwasheruidlevelsandadduidas needed. €€ Performanyneededadditionalservices.See“AdditionalRequiredServices” inthissection. €€ Inspectsuspensionandsteeringcomponents. Seefootnote(b). € Inspectenginecoolingsystem. Seefootnote(c). € Inspectwiperblades. Seefootnote(d). € Inspectrestraintsystemcomponents. Seefootnote(e). € Lubricatebodycomponents. Seefootnote(f). € Checktransmissionuidlevelandadduidasneeded. € Inspectshields,vehicleswithdieselengineorwithGVWRabove10,000lbs (4536kg)only. Seefootnote(n). € 6-6

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AdditionalRequiredServices(GasolineEngine)Thismaintenancesectionappliestovehicleswithagasolineengine.Ifyourvehiclehasadieselengine,seethe maintenanceschedulesectionintheDURAMAXDieselEngineSupplement. Thefollowingservicesshouldbeperformedattherstmaintenanceservice( I or II )aftertheindicatedmiles (kilometers)shownforeachitem. AdditionalRequiredServicesServiceandMiles(Kilometers) 25,000 (41500) 50,000 (83000) 75,000 (125000) 100,000 (166000) 125,000 (207500) 150,000 (240000) Inspectfuelsystemfordamageor leaks. €€€€€€ Inspectexhaustsystemforlooseor damagedcomponents. €€€€€€ Vehicleswithoutalterrestriction indicator:Replaceengineaircleaner lter.See EngineAirCleaner/Filter (GasolineEngines)onpage5-25 €€€ 6-speedmanualtransmissiononly: Changeclutchuid. Seefootnote(l). €€€€€€ AllisonTransmissiononly:Change automatictransmissionuidandlter (severeservice). Seefootnote(m). €€€€€€ AllisonTransmissiononly:Change automatictransmissionuidandlter (normalservice). €€€ 6-7

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AdditionalRequiredServices(cont’d)ServiceandMiles(Kilometers) 25,000 (41500) 50,000 (83000) 75,000 (125000) 100,000 (166000) 125,000 (207500) 150,000 (240000) ExceptAllisonTransmission:Change automatictransmissionuidandlter (severeservice). Seefootnote(h). €€€ ExceptAllisonTransmission:Change automatictransmissionuidandlter (normalservice). € Four-wheeldrivewithautomatictransfer caseonly:Changetransfercaseuid. Seefootnote(g). €€€ Inspectevaporativecontrolsystem. AnEmissionControlService.See footnotes†and(k). €€€ Replacesparkplugsandinspectspark plugwires. AnEmissionControl Service. € 5-speedmanualtransmissiononly: Changemanualtransmissionuid. € Enginecoolingsystemservice(orevery veyears,whicheveroccursrst). AnEmissionControlService.See footnote(i). € Inspectengineaccessorydrivebelt. AnEmissionControlService.See footnote(q). € 6-8

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MaintenanceFootnotes (GasolineEngine)Thismaintenancesectionappliestovehicleswitha gasolineengine.Ifyourvehiclehasadieselengine,see themaintenanceschedulesectionintheDURAMAXDieselEngineSupplement. † TheU.S.EnvironmentalProtectionAgencyorthe CaliforniaAirResourcesBoardhasdeterminedthatthe failuretoperformthismaintenanceitemwillnotnullify theemissionwarrantyorlimitrecallliabilitypriorto thecompletionofthevehicle’susefullife.We,however, urgethatallrecommendedmaintenanceservicesbe performedattheindicatedintervalsandthe maintenanceberecorded. # Lubricatethefrontsuspension,balljoints,steering linkage,transmissionshiftlinkage,andparking brakecableguides.Balljointsshouldnotbelubricated unlesstheirtemperatureis10F( Š 12C)orhigher, ortheycouldbedamaged.Vehiclesusedundersevere commercialoperatingconditionsrequirelubrication onaregularbasisevery3,000miles(5000km). (a) Visuallyinspectbrakelinesandhosesforproper hook-up,binding,leaks,cracks,chang,etc.Inspect discbrakepadsforwearandrotorsforsurface condition.Inspectdrumbrakelinings/shoesforwearor cracks.Inspectotherbrakeparts,includingdrums, wheelcylinders,calipers,parkingbrake,etc. (b) Visuallyinspectfrontandrearsuspensionand steeringsystemfordamaged,looseormissingparts, signsofwearorlackoflubrication.Inspectpower steeringlinesandhosesforproperhook-up,binding, leaks,cracks,chang,etc.Visuallycheckconstant velocityjoints,rubberboots,andaxlesealsforleaks. (c) Visuallyinspecthosesandhavethemreplacedifthey arecracked,swollen,ordeteriorated.Inspectallpipes, ttingsandclamps;replacewithgenuineGMpartsas needed.Tohelpensureproperoperation,apressuretest ofthecoolingsystemandpressurecapandcleaningthe outsideoftheradiatorandairconditioningcondenseris recommendedatleastonceayear. (d) Visuallyinspectwiperbladesforwearorcracking. Replacewiperbladesthatappearwornordamaged orthatstreakormissareasofthewindshield. (e) Makesurethesafetybeltreminderlightandallyour belts,buckles,latchplates,retractors,andanchorages areworkingproperly.Lookforanyotherlooseor damagedsafetybeltsystemparts.Ifyouseeanything thatmightkeepasafetybeltsystemfromdoingits job,haveitrepaired.Haveanytornorfrayedsafetybelts replaced.Alsolookforanyopenedorbrokenairbag coverings,andhavethemrepairedorreplaced. Theairbagsystemdoesnotneedregularmaintenance. 6-9

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(f) Lubricateallkeylockcylinders,bodydoorhinges, hoodlatchassembly,secondarylatch,pivots,spring anchor,releasepawl,tailgatehinges,tailgatelinkage, tailgatehandlepivotpoints,latchbolt,fueldoor hinge,locks,andfoldingseathardware.Morefrequent lubricationmayberequiredwhenexposedtoa corrosiveenvironment.Applyingsiliconegreaseon weatherstripswithacleanclothwillmakethem lastlonger,sealbetterandnotstickorsqueak. (g) Checkventhoseattransfercaseforkinksand properinstallation. (h) Changeautomatictransmissionuidandlterifthe vehicleGrossVehicleWeightRating(GVWR)is over8600lbsorifthevehicleismainlydrivenunder oneormoreoftheseconditions: Inheavycitytrafficwheretheoutsidetemperature regularlyreaches90F(32C)orhigher. Inhillyormountainousterrain. Whendoingfrequenttrailertowing. Usessuchasfoundintaxi,policeordelivery service. (i) Drain,ush,andrellcoolingsystem.Thisservice canbecomplex;youshouldhaveyourdealerperform thisservice.SeeEngineCoolantonpage5-35for whattouse.Inspecthoses.Cleanradiator,condenser, pressurecap,andllerneck.Pressuretestthe coolingsystemandpressurecap. (j) Auidlossinanyvehiclesystemcouldindicatea problem.Havethesysteminspectedandrepairedand theuidlevelchecked.Adduidifneeded. (k) Inspectsystem.Checkallfuelandvaporlinesand hosesforproperhook-up,routing,andcondition.Check thatthepurgevalveworksproperly,ifequipped. Replaceasneeded. (l) Changeclutchuid(orevery24months,whichever occursrst). (m) Changeautomatictransmissionuidandlterifthe vehicleismainlydrivenunderoneormoreofthese conditions: Inheavycitytrafficwheretheoutsidetemperature regularlyreaches90F(32C)orhigher. Inhillyormountainousterrain. Whendoingfrequenttrailertowing. Usessuchasfoundintaxi,police,ordelivery service. (n) VehicleswithdieselengineorwithGVWRabove 10,000lbs(4536kg)only:Inspectshieldsfordamageor looseness.Adjustorreplaceasrequired.Thisisa NoiseEmissionControlService.Applicabletovehicles soldintheUnitedStatesandrecommendedfor vehiclessoldinCanada. (p) Ifyoudriveregularlyunderdustyconditions,inspect thelterorchangeindicator(ifequipped)ateach engineoilchange. (q) Visuallyinspectbeltforfraying,excessivecracks,or obviousdamage.Replacebeltifnecessary. 6-10

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OwnerChecksandServicesTheseownerchecksandservicesshouldbeperformed attheintervalsspeciedtohelpensurethesafety, dependability,andemissioncontrolperformanceofyour vehicle.YourGMGoodwrenchdealercanassistyou withthesechecksandservices. Besureanynecessaryrepairsarecompletedatonce. Wheneveranyuidsorlubricantsareaddedtoyour vehicle,makesuretheyaretheproperones,asshown in RecommendedFluidsandLubricants(Gasoline Engine)onpage6-14 .AttheFirst100,1,000and6,000Miles (160,1600and10000km)Checkdualwheelnuttorque.Forpropertorque,see CapacitiesandSpecicationsonpage5-132 .AtEachFuelFillItisimportanttoperformtheseunderhoodchecksat eachfuelll.EngineOilLevelCheckChecktheengineoillevelandaddtheproperoilif necessary.See EngineOil(GasolineEngine)on page5-20 forfurtherdetails. Notice: Itisimportanttocheckyouroilregularly andkeepitattheproperlevel.Failuretokeepyour engineoilattheproperlevelcancausedamage toyourenginenotcoveredbyyourwarranty.EngineCoolantLevelCheckChecktheenginecoolantlevelandadd DEX-COOLcoolantmixtureifnecessary.See Engine Coolantonpage5-35 forfurtherdetails.WindshieldWasherFluidLevelCheckCheckthewindshieldwasheruidlevelinthewindshield washeruidreservoirandaddtheproperuidif necessary.AtLeastOnceaMonthTireInationCheckVisuallyinspectyourvehicle’stiresandmakesurethey areinatedtothecorrectpressures.Donotforgetto checkthesparetire.See Tiresonpage5-73 forfurther details.Checktomakesurethesparetireisstored securely.See ChangingaFlatTireonpage5-92 .TireWearInspectionTirerotationmayberequiredforhighmileagehighway driverspriortotheEngineOilLifeSystemservice notication.Checkthetiresforwearand,ifnecessary, rotatethetires.See TireInspectionandRotationon page5-82 6-11

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AtLeastOnceaYearStarterSwitchCheck {CAUTION:Whenyouaredoingthisinspection,the vehiclecouldmovesuddenly.Ifthevehicle moves,youorotherscouldbeinjured. 1.Beforeyoustart,besureyouhaveenoughroom aroundthevehicle. 2.Firmlyapplyboththeparkingbrakeandtheregular brake.See ParkingBrakeonpage2-49 Donotusetheacceleratorpedal,andbereadyto turnofftheengineimmediatelyifitstarts. 3.Trytostarttheengineineachgear.Thevehicle shouldstartonlyinPARK(P)orNEUTRAL(N).If thevehiclestartsinanyotherposition,contactyour GMGoodwrenchdealerforservice.AutomaticTransmissionShiftLock ControlSystemCheck {CAUTION:Whenyouaredoingthisinspection,the vehiclecouldmovesuddenly.Ifthevehicle moves,youorotherscouldbeinjured. 1.Beforeyoustart,besureyouhaveenoughroom aroundthevehicle.Itshouldbeparkedonalevel surface. 2.Firmlyapplytheparkingbrake.See ParkingBrake onpage2-49 Bereadytoapplytheregularbrakeimmediatelyif thevehiclebeginstomove. 3.Withtheengineoff,turntheignitiontoRUN,butdo notstarttheengine.Withoutapplyingtheregular brake,trytomovetheshiftleveroutofPARK(P) withnormaleffort.Iftheshiftlevermovesout ofPARK(P),contactyourGMGoodwrenchdealer forservice. 6-12

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IgnitionTransmissionLockCheckWhileparked,andwiththeparkingbrakeset,trytoturn theignitiontoLOCKineachshiftleverposition.TheignitionshouldturntoLOCKonlywhenthe shiftleverisinPARK(P).ThekeyshouldcomeoutonlyinLOCK. ContactyourGMGoodwrenchdealerifserviceis required.ParkingBrakeandAutomatic TransmissionPark(P)MechanismCheck {CAUTION:Whenyouaredoingthischeck,yourvehicle couldbegintomove.Youorotherscouldbe injuredandpropertycouldbedamaged.Make surethereisroominfrontofyourvehiclein caseitbeginstoroll.Bereadytoapplythe regularbrakeatonceshouldthevehiclebegin tomove. Parkonafairlysteephill,withthevehiclefacing downhill.Keepingyourfootontheregularbrake,setthe parkingbrake.Tochecktheparkingbrake’sholdingability:With theenginerunningandtransmissionin NEUTRAL(N),slowlyremovefootpressurefrom theregularbrakepedal.Dothisuntilthevehicleis heldbytheparkingbrakeonly.TocheckthePARK(P)mechanism’sholdingability: Withtheenginerunning,shifttoPARK(P).Then releasetheparkingbrakefollowedbytheregular brake. ContactyourGMGoodwrenchdealerifserviceis required.UnderbodyFlushingServiceAtleasteveryspring,useplainwatertoushany corrosivematerialsfromtheunderbody.Takecareto cleanthoroughlyanyareaswheremudandotherdebris cancollect. 6-13

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RecommendedFluidsand Lubricants(GasolineEngine)Thismaintenancesectionappliestovehicleswitha gasolineengine.Ifyourvehiclehasadieselengine,see themaintenanceschedulesectionintheDURAMAXDieselEngineSupplement. Fluidsandlubricantsidentiedbelowbyname,part number,orspecicationmaybeobtainedfrom yourdealer. UsageFluid/Lubricant EngineOil EngineoilwhichmeetsGM StandardGM6094Manddisplays theAmericanPetroleumInstitute CertiedforGasolineEngines starburstsymbol.GMGoodwrenchoilmeetsalltherequirementsfor yourvehicle.Todeterminethe properviscosityforyourvehicle’s engine,see EngineOil(Gasoline Engine)onpage5-20 EngineCoolant 50/50mixtureofclean,drinkable wateranduseonlyDEX-COOLcoolant.See EngineCoolanton page5-35 UsageFluid/Lubricant HydraulicBrake System DelcoSupreme11BrakeFluidor equivalentDOT-3brakeuid. Windshield Washer GMOptikleenWasherSolvent. Hydraulic ClutchSystem (5–Speed Trans.) HydraulicClutchFluid (GMPartNo.U.S.12345347,in Canada10953517)orequivalent DOT-3brakeuid. Hydraulic ClutchSystem (6–Speed Trans.) HydraulicClutchFluid.UseonlyGM PartNo.U.S.88958860,inCanada 88901244,SuperDOT-4brakeuid. PowerSteering System GMPowerSteeringFluid (GMPartNo.U.S.89021184,in Canada89021186). Manual Transmission (5–Speedwith LowGear, RPOMW3) GMGoodwrenchSyntheticManual TransmissionFluid (GMPartNo.U.S.12346190,in Canada10953477)orequivalent SAE75W-85GL-4gearoil. 6-14

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UsageFluid/Lubricant Manual Transmission (5–Speed without LowGear, RPOMG5) SynchromeshTransmissionFluid (GMPartNo.U.S.12345349,in Canada10953465). Manual Transmission (6–Speed) SyntheticTransmissionFluid approvedtoAllisonTransmissionspecicationTES-295 (GMPartNo.U.S.12378515,in Canada88900701). Automatic Transmission DEXRON-VIAutomatic TransmissionFluid. KeyLock Cylinders Multi-PurposeLubricant,Superlube (GMPartNo.U.S.12346241,in Canada10953474). FloorShift Linkage LubriplateLubricantAerosol (GMPartNo.U.S.12346293,in Canada992723)orlubricant meetingrequirementsofNLGI#2 CategoryLBorGC-LB. UsageFluid/Lubricant Chassis Lubrication ChassisLubricant (GMPartNo.U.S.12377985,in Canada88901242)orlubricant meetingrequirementsofNLGI#2, CategoryLBorGC-LB. FrontAxle (1500Series) SAE80W-90AxleLubricant (GMPartNo.U.S.1052271,in Canada10950849). FrontAxle (1500HD, 2500,2500HD, and3500 Series) SAE75W-90Synthetic AxleLubricant (GMPartNo.U.S.12378261,in Canada10953455)meetingGM Specication9986115. RearAxle SAE75W-90Synthetic AxleLubricant (GMPartNo.U.S.12378261,in Canada10953455)meetingGM Specication9986115. Manual TransferCase DEXRON-IIIAutomatic TransmissionFluid.Lookfor “ApprovedfortheH-Specication” onthelabel. 6-15

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UsageFluid/Lubricant Automatic TransferCase AUTO-TRAKIIFluid (GMPartNo.U.S.12378508,in Canada10953626). FrontAxle Propshaft Splineor One-Piece Propshaft Spline (Two-Wheel DrivewithAuto. Trans.) SplineLubricant,SpecialLubricant (GMPartNo.U.S.12345879,in Canada10953511)orlubricant meetingrequirementsof GM9985830. RearDriveline CenterSpline ChassisLubricant (GMPartNo.U.S.12377985,in Canada88901242)orlubricant meetingrequirementsofNLGI#2, CategoryLBorGC-LB. UsageFluid/Lubricant HoodHinges Multi-PurposeLubricant,Superlube (GMPartNo.U.S.12346241,in Canada10953474). BodyDoor HingePins, TailgateHinge andLinkage, FoldingSeats, andFuelDoor Hinge Multi-PurposeLubricant,Superlube (GMPartNo.U.S.12346241,in Canada10953474). TailgateHandle PivotPoints, Hinges,Latch Bolt,and Linkage Multi-PurposeLubricant,Superlube (GMPartNo.U.S.12346241,in Canada10953474). Weatherstrip Conditioning DielectricSiliconeGrease (GMPartNo.U.S.12345579,in Canada992887). Weatherstrip Squeaks SyntheticGreasewithTeon, Superlube(GMPartNo.U.S. 12371287,inCanada10953437). 6-16

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NormalMaintenanceReplacementParts(GasolineEngines)Replacementpartsidentiedbelowbyname,partnumber,orspecicationcanbeobtainedfromyourGMdealer. IfyourvehiclehasadieselengineseethemaintenanceschedulesectionintheDURAMAXDieselEngine Supplement. PartGMPartNumberACDelcoPartNumber EngineAirCleaner/Filter HighCapacity10368768A1518C Standard25311916*A1519C* OilFilter 4.3LV625010792PF47 4.8LV8;5.3LV8;6.0LV888984215PF46 8.1LV825324052PF454 SparkPlugs 4.3LV68901788341-932 4.8LV8;5.3LV8;6.0LV81257116441-985 8.1LV81257827741-983 WiperBlades(ITTAType) 22inches(56.0cm) 15153642— *A1518Chigh-capacityaircleanerltermaybesubstituted. 6-17

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EngineDriveBeltRoutingV6Engines V8Engines 6-18

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MaintenanceRecordAfterthescheduledservicesareperformed,recordthedate,odometerreading,whoperformedtheservice,andthe typeofservicesperformedintheboxesprovided.See MaintenanceRequirementsonpage6-2 .Anyadditional informationfrom OwnerChecksandServicesonpage6-11 canbeaddedonthefollowingrecordpages.Youshould retainallmaintenancereceipts. MaintenanceRecordDate Odometer Reading ServicedBy Maintenance I or Maintenance II ServicesPerformed 6-19

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MaintenanceRecord(cont’d)Date Odometer Reading ServicedBy Maintenance I or Maintenance II ServicesPerformed 6-20

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CustomerAssistanceandInformation .............. .7-2 CustomerSatisfactionProcedure ..................... .7-2 OnlineOwnerCenter ..................................... .7-3 CustomerAssistanceforText Telephone(TTY)Users ............................... .7-4 CustomerAssistanceOffices ........................... .7-4 GMMobilityReimbursementProgram ............... .7-5 RoadsideAssistanceProgram ......................... .7-6 CourtesyTransportation .................................. .7-7 VehicleDataCollectionandEventData Recorders ................................................. .7-9 CollisionDamageRepair ............................... .7-10 ReportingSafetyDefects ............................... .7-13 ReportingSafetyDefectstothe UnitedStatesGovernment ......................... .7-13 ReportingSafetyDefectstothe CanadianGovernment ............................... .7-14 ReportingSafetyDefectstoGeneralMotors .... .7-14 ServicePublicationsOrderingInformation ........ .7-14 Section7CustomerAssistanceandInformation 7-1

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CustomerAssistanceand InformationCustomerSatisfactionProcedureYoursatisfactionandgoodwillareimportantto yourdealerandtoChevrolet.Normally,anyconcerns withthesalestransactionortheoperationofyour vehiclewillberesolvedbyyourdealer’ssalesorservice departments.Sometimes,however,despitethebest intentionsofallconcerned,misunderstandingscan occur.Ifyourconcernhasnotbeenresolvedtoyour satisfaction,thefollowingstepsshouldbetaken: STEPONE: Discussyourconcernwithamemberof dealershipmanagement.Normally,concernscan bequicklyresolvedatthatlevel.Ifthematterhas alreadybeenreviewedwiththesales,serviceorparts manager,contacttheownerofthedealershipor thegeneralmanager. STEPTWO: Ifaftercontactingamemberofdealership management,itappearsyourconcerncannotbe resolvedbythedealershipwithoutfurtherhelp,contact theChevroletCustomerAssistanceCenterbycalling 1-800-222-1020.InCanada,contactGMofCanada CustomerCommunicationCentrebycalling 1-800-263-3777(English)or1-800-263-7854(French). Weencourageyoutocallthetoll-freenumberinorder togiveyourinquirypromptattention.Pleasehave thefollowinginformationavailabletogivetheCustomer AssistanceRepresentative:VehicleIdenticationNumber(VIN).Thisis availablefromthevehicleregistrationortitle,orthe plateatthetopleftoftheinstrumentpaneland visiblethroughthewindshield.Dealershipnameandlocation.Vehicledeliverydateandpresentmileage (kilometers). WhencontactingChevrolet,pleaserememberthatyour concernwilllikelyberesolvedatadealer’sfacility. ThatiswhywesuggestyoufollowStepOnerstifyou haveaconcern. STEPTHREE: BothGeneralMotorsandyourdealer arecommittedtomakingsureyouarecompletely satisedwithyournewvehicle.However,ifyoucontinue toremainunsatisedafterfollowingtheprocedure outlinedinStepsOneandTwo,youshouldlewiththe BBBAutoLineProgramtoenforceanyadditional rightsyoumayhave.Canadianownersrefertoyour WarrantyandOwnerAssistanceInformationbookletfor informationontheCanadianMotorVehicleArbitration Plan(CAMVAP). 7-2

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TheBBBAutoLineProgramisanoutofcourtprogram administeredbytheCouncilofBetterBusiness Bureaustosettleautomotivedisputesregardingvehicle repairsortheinterpretationoftheNewVehicle LimitedWarranty.Althoughyoumayberequiredto resorttothisinformaldisputeresolutionprogrampriorto lingacourtaction,useoftheprogramisfreeof chargeandyourcasewillgenerallybeheardwithin 40days.Ifyoudonotagreewiththedecisiongivenin yourcase,youmayrejectitandproceedwithanyother venueforreliefavailabletoyou. YoumaycontacttheBBBAutoLineProgramusingthe toll-freetelephonenumberorwritethematthe followingaddress: BBBAutoLineProgram CouncilofBetterBusinessBureaus,Inc. 4200WilsonBoulevard Suite800 Arlington,VA22203-1838 Telephone:1-800-955-5100 Thisprogramisavailableinall50statesandtheDistrict ofColumbia.Eligibilityislimitedbyvehicleage, mileage,andotherfactors.GeneralMotorsreservesthe righttochangeeligibilitylimitationsand/ordiscontinue itsparticipationinthisprogram.OnlineOwnerCenterTheOwnerCenterisaresourceforyourGMownership needs.Specicvehicleinformationcanbefoundin oneplace. TheOnlineOwnerCenterallowsyouto:Gete-mailservicereminders.Accessinformationaboutyourspecicvehicle, includingtipsandvideosandanelectronic versionofthisowner’smanual(UnitedStatesonly).Keeptrackofyourvehicle’sservicehistoryand maintenanceschedule.FindGMdealersforservicenationwide.Receivespecialpromotionsandprivilegesonly availabletomembers(UnitedStatesonly). Refertothewebforupdatedinformation. Toregisteryourvehicle,visitwww.MyGMLink.com (UnitedStates)orMyGMCanadawithin www.gmcanada.com(Canada). 7-3

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CustomerAssistanceforText Telephone(TTY)UsersToassistcustomerswhoaredeaf,hardofhearing,or speech-impairedandwhouseTextTelephones(TTYs), ChevrolethasTTYequipmentavailableatitsCustomer AssistanceCenter.AnyTTYusercancommunicate withChevroletbydialing:1-800-833-CHEV(2438). (TTYusersinCanadacandial1-800-263-3830.)CustomerAssistanceOfficesChevroletencouragescustomerstocallthetoll-free numberforassistance.However,ifacustomerwishesto writeore-mailChevrolet,refertotheaddressesbelow.UnitedStates—CustomerAssistanceChevroletMotorDivision ChevroletCustomerAssistanceCenter P.O.Box33170 Detroit,MI48232-5170 www.Chevrolet.com 1-800-222-1020 1-800-833-2438(ForTextTelephonedevices(TTYs)) RoadsideAssistance:1-800-CHEV-USA(243-8872) FaxNumber:313-381-0022 FromPuertoRico: 1-800-496-9992(English) 1-800-496-9993(Spanish) FaxNumber:313-381-0022 FromU.S.VirginIslands: 1-800-496-9994 FaxNumber:313-381-0022Canada—CustomerAssistanceGeneralMotorsofCanadaLimited CustomerCommunicationCentre,163-005 1908ColonelSamDrive Oshawa,OntarioL1H8P7 1-800-263-3777(English) 1-800-263-7854(French) 1-800-263-3830(ForTextTelephonedevices(TTYs)) RoadsideAssistance:1-800-268-6800 7-4

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Overseas—CustomerAssistancePleasecontactthelocalGeneralMotorsBusinessUnit.Mexico,CentralAmericaand CaribbeanIslands/Countries (ExceptPuertoRicoandU.S.Virgin Islands)—CustomerAssistanceGeneralMotorsdeMexico,S.deR.L.deC.V. CustomerAssistanceCenter PaseodelaReforma#2740 Col.LomasdeBezares C.P.11910,Mexico,D.F. 01-800-508-0000 LongDistance:011-52-53290800GMMobilityReimbursement ProgramThisprogram,availabletoqualiedapplicants,can reimburseyouupto$1,000ofthecostofeligible aftermarketadaptiveequipmentrequiredforyourvehicle, suchashandcontrolsorawheelchair/scooterlift. Theofferisavailableforaverylimitedperiodoftime fromthedateofvehiclepurchase/lease.Formore details,ortodetermineyourvehicle’seligibility,visit gmmobility.comorcalltheGMMobilityAssistance Centerat1-800-323-9935.Texttelephone(TTY)users, call1-800-833-9935. GMofCanadaalsohasaMobilityProgram.Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE(463-7483)fordetails.TTYuserscall 1-800-263-3830. 7-5

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RoadsideAssistanceProgramAstheownerofanewChevroletvehicle,youare automaticallyenrolledintheChevroletRoadside Assistanceprogram.Thisvalue-addedserviceis intendedtoprovideyouwithpeaceofmindasyoudrive inthecityortraveltheopenroad.CallChevrolet’s RoadsideAssistanceat 1-800-CHEV-USA, (1-800-243-8872) 24hoursaday,365daysayearto speakwithaChevroletRoadsideAssistance representative. Wewillprovidethefollowingservicesduringthe Bumper-to-Bumperwarrantyperiod,atnoexpenseto you:FuelDelivery: Deliveryofenoughfuel ($5maximum)forthecustomertogettothe nearestservicestation.Lock-outService(identicationrequired): Replacementkeysorlocksmithservicewill becoveredatnochargeifyouareunabletogain entryintoyourvehicle.Deliveryofthereplacement keywillbecoveredwithin10miles(16km).EmergencyTow: Towtothenearestdealershipfor warrantyserviceorintheeventofa vehicle-disablingaccident.Assistanceprovided whenthevehicleismiredinsand,mud,orsnow.FlatTireChange: Installationofasparetirewillbe coveredatnocharge.Thecustomerisresponsible fortherepairorreplacementofthetireifnot coveredbyawarrantablefailure.JumpStart: No-startoccurrenceswhichrequirea batteryjumpstartwillbecoveredatnocharge.DealerLocatorService Inmanyinstances,mechanicalfailuresarecovered underChevrolet’sBumper-to-Bumperwarranty. However,whenotherservicesareutilized,ourRoadside AssistanceRepresentativeswillexplainanypayment obligationsyoumightincur. Forpromptandefficientassistancewhencalling,please providethefollowingtotheRoadsideAssistance Representative:Yourname,homeaddress,andhometelephone number.Telephonenumberofyourlocation.Locationofthevehicle.Model,year,color,andlicenseplatenumber.Mileage,VehicleIdenticationNumber(VIN),and deliverydateofthevehicle.Descriptionoftheproblem. 7-6

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Whilewehopeyouneverhavetheoccasiontouseour service,itisaddedsecuritywhiletravelingforyou andyourfamily.Remember,weareonlyaphonecall away.ChevroletRoadsideAssistance: 1-800-CHEV-USA(1-800-243-8872) ,texttelephone (TTY)users,call 1-888-889-2438 Chevroletreservestherighttolimitservicesor reimbursementtoanownerordriverwhen,in Chevrolet’sjudgement,theclaimsbecomeexcessivein frequencyortypeofoccurrence. RoadsideAssistanceisnotpartoforincludedinthe coverageprovidedbytheNewVehicleLimitedWarranty. Chevroletreservestherighttomakeanychangesor discontinuetheRoadsideAssistanceprogramat anytimewithoutnotication.CanadianRoadsideAssistanceVehiclespurchasedinCanadahaveanextensive roadsideassistanceprogramaccessiblefromanywhere inCanadaortheUnitedStates.Pleaserefertothe WarrantyandOwnerAssistanceInformationbook.CourtesyTransportationToenhanceyourownershipexperience,weandour participatingdealersareproudtoofferCourtesy Transportation,acustomersupportprogramfornew vehicles. TheCourtesyTransportationprogramisofferedto customersinconjunctionwiththeBumper-to-Bumper coverageprovidedbytheNewVehicleLimitedWarranty. Severaltransportationoptionsareavailablewhen warrantyrepairsarerequired.Thiswillreduceyour inconvenienceduringwarrantyrepairs.SchedulingServiceAppointmentsWhenyourvehiclerequireswarrantyservice,youshould contactyourdealerandrequestanappointment.By schedulingaserviceappointmentandadvising yourserviceconsultantofyourtransportationneeds, yourdealercanhelpminimizeyourinconvenience. Ifyourvehiclecannotbescheduledintotheservice departmentimmediately,keepdrivingituntilitcanbe scheduledforservice,unless,ofcourse,theproblemis safety-related.Ifitis,pleasecallyourdealership,let themknowthis,andaskforinstructions. Ifthedealerrequeststhatyousimplydropthevehicleoff forservice,youareurgedtodosoasearlyinthework dayaspossibletoallowforthesamedayrepair. 7-7

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TransportationOptionsWarrantyservicecangenerallybecompletedwhileyou wait.However,ifyouareunabletowait,GMhelps tominimizeyourinconveniencebyprovidingseveral transportationoptions.Dependingonthecircumstances, yourdealercanofferyouoneofthefollowing:ShuttleServiceParticipatingdealerscanprovideyouwithshuttle servicetogetyoutoyourdestinationwithminimal interruptionofyourdailyschedule.Thisincludes one-wayorroundtripshuttleservicetoadestinationup to10miles(16km)fromthedealership.PublicTransportationorFuel ReimbursementIfyourvehiclerequiresovernightwarrantyrepairs, reimbursementofpublictransportationexpensesmay beavailable,foruptoamaximumofvedays.In addition,shouldyouarrangetransportationthrougha friendorrelative,reimbursementforreasonable fuelexpensesmaybeavailable,uptoave-day maximum.Claimamountsshouldreectactualcosts andbesupportedbyoriginalreceipts.CourtesyRentalVehicleYourdealermayarrangetoprovideyouwithacourtesy rentalvehicleorreimburseyouforarentalvehicle thatyouobtainifyourvehicleiskeptforawarranty repair.Reimbursementwillbelimitedtoamaximum amountperdayandmustbesupportedbyreceipts.This requiresthatyousignandcompletearentalagreement andmeetstate,localandrentalvehicleprovider requirements.Requirementsvaryandmayinclude minimumagerequirements,insurancecoverage,credit card,etc.Youareresponsibleforfuelusagecharges andmayalsoberesponsiblefortaxes,levies, usagefees,excessivemileageorrentalusagebeyond thecompletionoftherepair. Generallyitisnotpossibletoprovidealike-vehicleasa courtesyrental.AdditionalProgramInformationCourtesyTransportationisavailableduringthe Bumper-to-Bumperwarrantycoverageperiod,butitis notpartoftheNewVehicleLimitedWarranty.A separatebookletentitled WarrantyandOwner AssistanceInformation furnishedwitheachnewvehicle providesdetailedwarrantycoverageinformation. CourtesyTransportationisavailableonlyatparticipating dealersandallprogramoptions,suchasshuttle service,maynotbeavailableateverydealer. 7-8

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Pleasecontactyourdealerforspecicinformationabout availability.AllCourtesyTransportationarrangements willbeadministeredbyappropriatedealerpersonnel. CanadianVehicles: Forwarrantyrepairsduring theCompleteVehicleCoverageperiodoftheGeneral MotorsofCanadaNewVehicleLimitedWarranty, alternativetransportationmaybeavailableunderthe CourtesyTransportationProgram.Pleaseconsult yourdealerfordetails. GeneralMotorsreservestherighttounilaterallymodify, changeordiscontinueCourtesyTransportationat anytimeandtoresolveallquestionsofclaimeligibility pursuanttothetermsandconditionsdescribed hereinatitssolediscretion.VehicleDataCollectionandEvent DataRecordersYourvehicle,likeothermodernmotorvehicles,hasa numberofsophisticatedcomputersystemsthatmonitor andcontrolseveralaspectsofthevehicle’s performance.Yourvehicleuseson-boardvehicle computerstomonitoremissioncontrolcomponentsto optimizefueleconomy,tomonitorconditionsfor airbagdeploymentand,ifsoequipped,toprovide anti-lockbrakingandtohelpthedrivercontrolthe vehicleindifficultdrivingsituations. Someinformationmaybestoredduringregular operationstofacilitaterepairofdetectedmalfunctions; otherinformationisstoredonlyinacrasheventby computersystems,suchasthosecommonlycalled eventdatarecorders(EDR). Inacrashevent,computersystems,suchastheAirbag SensingandDiagnosticModule(SDM)inyourvehicle mayrecordinformationabouttheconditionofthevehicle andhowitwasoperated,suchasdatarelatedto enginespeed,brakeapplication,throttleposition,vehicle speed,safetybeltusage,airbagreadiness,airbag performance,andtheseverityofacollision.This informationhasbeenusedtoimprovevehiclecrash performanceandmaybeusedtoimprovecrash performanceoffuturevehiclesanddrivingsafety.Unlike thedatarecordersonmanyairplanes,theseon-board systemsdonotrecordsounds,suchasconversationof vehicleoccupants. 7-9

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Toreadthisinformation,specialequipmentisneeded andaccesstothevehicleorthedevicethatstores thedataisrequired.GMwillnotaccessinformation aboutacrasheventorshareitwithothersotherthan:withtheconsentofthevehicleowneror,ifthe vehicleisleased,withtheconsentofthelessee,inresponsetoanofficialrequestofpoliceorsimilar governmentoffice,aspartofGM’sdefenseoflitigationthroughthe discoveryprocess,orasrequiredbylaw. Inaddition,onceGMcollectsorreceivesdata,GMmay:usethedataforGMresearchneeds,makeitavailableforresearchwhereappropriate condentialityistobemaintainedandneedis shown,orsharesummarydatawhichisnottiedtoaspecic vehiclewithnon-GMorganizationsforresearch purposes. Others,suchaslawenforcement,mayhaveaccessto thespecialequipmentthatcanreadtheinformation iftheyhaveaccesstothevehicleorthedevice thatstoresthedata. IfyourvehicleisequippedwithOnStar,pleasecheck theOnStarsubscriptionserviceagreementormanual forinformationonitsoperationsanddatacollection.CollisionDamageRepairIfyourvehicleisinvolvedinacollisionanditisdamaged, havethedamagerepairedbyaqualiedtechnicianusing theproperequipmentandqualityreplacementparts. Poorlyperformedcollisionrepairswilldiminishyour vehicle’sresalevalue,andsafetyperformancecanbe compromisedinsubsequentcollisions.CollisionPartsGenuineGMCollisionpartsarenewpartsmadewiththe samematerialsandconstructionmethodsastheparts withwhichyourvehiclewasoriginallybuilt.GenuineGM Collisionpartsareyourbestchoicetoassurethatyour vehicle’sdesignedappearance,durabilityandsafetyare preserved.TheuseofGenuineGMpartscanhelp maintainyourGMNewVehicleWarranty. Recycledoriginalequipmentpartsmayalsobeusedfor repair.Thesepartsaretypicallyremovedfromvehicles thatweretotallossesinprioraccidents.Inmost cases,thepartsbeingrecycledarefromundamaged sectionsofthevehicle.Arecycledoriginalequipment GMpart,maybeanacceptablechoicetomaintainyour vehicle’soriginallydesignedappearanceandsafety performance,however,thehistoryofthesepartsisnot known.SuchpartsarenotcoveredbyyourGMNew VehicleLimitedWarranty,andanyrelatedfailures arenotcoveredbythatwarranty. 7-10

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Aftermarketcollisionpartsarealsoavailable.Theseare madebycompaniesotherthanGMandmaynot havebeentestedforyourvehicle.Asaresult,these partsmaytpoorly,exhibitpremature durability/corrosionproblems,andmaynotperform properlyinsubsequentcollisions.Aftermarketpartsare notcoveredbyyourGMNewVehicleLimited Warranty,andanyvehiclefailurerelatedtosuchparts arenotcoveredbythatwarranty.RepairFacilityGMalsorecommendsthatyouchooseacollisionrepair facilitythatmeetsyourneedsbeforeyoueverneed collisionrepairs.YourGMdealermayhaveacollision repaircenterwithGM-trainedtechniciansandstate oftheartequipment,orbeabletorecommenda collisionrepaircenterthathasGM-trainedtechnicians andcomparableequipment.InsuringYourVehicleProtectyourinvestmentinyourGMvehiclewith comprehensiveandcollisioninsurancecoverage.There aresignicantdifferencesinthequalityofcoverage affordedbyvariousinsurancepolicyterms.Many insurancepoliciesprovidereducedprotectiontoyour GMvehiclebylimitingcompensationfordamagerepairs byusingaftermarketcollisionparts.Someinsurance companieswillnotspecifyaftermarketcollision parts.Whenpurchasinginsurance,werecommendthat youassureyourvehiclewillberepairedwithGM originalequipmentcollisionparts.Ifsuchinsurance coverageisnotavailablefromyourcurrentinsurance carrier,considerswitchingtoanotherinsurancecarrier. Ifyourvehicleisleased,theleasingcompanymay requireyoutohaveinsurancethatassuresrepairswith GenuineGMOriginalEquipmentManufacturer(OEM) partsorGenuineManufacturerreplacementparts.Read yourleasecarefully,asyoumaybechargedatthe endofyourleaseforpoorqualityrepairs. 7-11

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IfanAccidentOccursHereiswhattodoifyouareinvolvedinanaccident.Trytorelaxandthenchecktomakesureyouareall right.Ifyouareuninjured,makesurethatnooneelse inyourvehicle,ortheothervehicle,isinjured.Iftherehasbeenaninjury,call911forhelp.Donot leavethesceneofanaccidentuntilallmattershave beentakencareof.Moveyourvehicleonlyifits positionputsyouindangeroryouareinstructedto moveitbyapoliceofficer.Giveonlythenecessaryandrequestedinformation topoliceandotherpartiesinvolvedintheaccident. Donotdiscussyourpersonalcondition,mentalframe ofmind,oranythingunrelatedtotheaccident.This willhelpguardagainstpost-accidentlegalaction.Ifyouneedroadsideassistance,callGMRoadside Assistance.See RoadsideAssistanceProgramon page7-6 formoreinformation.Ifyourvehiclecannotbedriven,knowwherethe towingservicewillbetakingit.Getacardfromthe towtruckoperatororwritedownthedriver’sname, theservice’sname,andthephonenumber.Removeanyvaluablesfromyourvehiclebeforeitis towedaway.Makesurethisincludesyourinsurance informationandregistrationifyoukeeptheseitems inyourvehicle.Gathertheimportantinformationyouwillneedfrom theotherdriver.Thingslikename,address,phone number,driver’slicensenumber,vehiclelicense plate,vehiclemake,modelandmodelyear,Vehicle IdenticationNumber(VIN),insurancecompanyand policynumber,andageneraldescriptionofthe damagetotheothervehicle.Ifpossible,callyourinsurancecompanyfromthe sceneoftheaccident.Theywillwalkyouthroughthe informationtheywillneed.Iftheyaskforapolice report,phoneorgotothepolicedepartment headquartersthenextdayandyoucangetacopyof thereportforanominalfee.Insomestateswith“no fault”insurancelaws,areportmaynotbenecessary. Thisisespeciallytrueiftherearenoinjuriesandboth vehiclesaredriveable.Chooseareputablecollisionrepairfacilityforyour vehicle.WhetheryouselectaGMdealeroraprivate collisionrepairfacilitytoxthedamage,makesure youarecomfortablewiththem.Remember,youwill havetofeelcomfortablewiththeirworkfora longtime.Onceyouhaveanestimate,readitcarefullyand makesureyouunderstandwhatworkwillbe performedonyourvehicle.Ifyouhaveaquestion, askforanexplanation.Reputableshopswelcome thisopportunity. 7-12

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ManagingtheVehicleDamageRepair ProcessIntheeventthatyourvehiclerequiresdamagerepairs, GMrecommendsthatyoutakeanactiveroleinits repair.Ifyouhaveapre-determinedrepairfacilityof choice,takeyourvehiclethere,orhaveittowedthere. Specifytothefacilitythatanyrequiredreplacement collisionpartsbeoriginalequipmentparts,eithernew GenuineGMpartsorrecycledoriginalGMparts. Remember,recycledpartswillnotbecoveredbyyour GMvehiclewarranty. Insurancepaysthebillfortherepair,butyoumustlive withtherepair.Dependingonyourpolicylimits,your insurancecompanymayinitiallyvaluetherepairusing aftermarketparts.Discussthiswithyourrepair professional,andinsistonGenuineGMparts. Rememberifyourvehicleisleasedyoumaybe obligatedtohavethevehiclerepairedwithGenuineGM parts,evenifyourinsurancecoveragedoesnotpay thefullcost. Ifanotherparty’sinsurancecompanyispayingforthe repairs,youarenotobligatedtoacceptarepair valuationbasedonthatinsurancecompany’scollision policyrepairlimits,asyouhavenocontractuallimitswith thatcompany.Insuchcases,youcanhavecontrolof therepairandpartschoicesaslongascoststayswithin reasonablelimits.ReportingSafetyDefectsReportingSafetyDefectstothe UnitedStatesGovernmentIfyoubelievethatyourvehiclehasadefectwhichcould causeacrashorcouldcauseinjuryordeath,you shouldimmediatelyinformtheNationalHighwayTraffic SafetyAdministration(NHTSA),inadditiontonotifying GeneralMotors. IfNHTSAreceivessimilarcomplaints,itmayopenan investigation,andifitndsthatasafetydefectexistsin agroupofvehicles,itmayorderarecallandremedy campaign.However,NHTSAcannotbecomeinvolvedin individualproblemsbetweenyou,yourdealer,or GeneralMotors. TocontactNHTSA,youmayeithercalltheAutoSafety Hotlinetoll-freeat1-800-424-9393(or366-0123in theWashington,D.C.area)orwriteto: NHTSA,U.S.DepartmentofTransportation Washington,D.C.20590 Youcanalsoobtainotherinformationaboutmotor vehiclesafetyfromthehotline. 7-13

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ReportingSafetyDefectstothe CanadianGovernmentIfyouliveinCanada,andyoubelievethatyourvehicle hasasafetydefect,youshouldimmediatelynotify TransportCanada,inadditiontonotifyingGeneral MotorsofCanadaLimited.Youmaycallthemat 1-800-333-0510orwriteto: TransportCanada PlacedeVilleTowerC 330SparksStreet Ottawa,OntarioK1A0N5ReportingSafetyDefectsto GeneralMotorsInadditiontonotifyingNHTSA(orTransportCanada)in asituationlikethis,wecertainlyhopeyouwillnotify GeneralMotors.PleasecalltheChevroletCustomer AssistanceCenterat1-800-222-1020,orwrite: ChevroletMotorDivision ChevroletCustomerAssistanceCenter P.O.Box33170 Detroit,MI48232-5170 InCanada,pleasecallusat1-800-263-3777(English) or1-800-263-7854(French).Or,write: GeneralMotorsofCanadaLimited CustomerCommunicationCentre,163-005 1908ColonelSamDrive Oshawa,OntarioL1H8P7ServicePublicationsOrdering InformationServiceManualsServiceManualshavethediagnosisandrepair informationonengines,transmission,axlesuspension, brakes,electrical,steering,body,etc.Transmission,Transaxle,Transfer CaseUnitRepairManualThismanualprovidesinformationonunitrepairservice procedures,adjustments,andspecicationsforGM transmissions,transaxles,andtransfercases. 7-14

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ServiceBulletinsServiceBulletinsgivetechnicalserviceinformation neededtoknowledgeablyserviceGeneralMotorscars andtrucks.Eachbulletincontainsinstructionsto assistinthediagnosisandserviceofyourvehicle. InCanada,informationpertainingtoProductService BulletinscanbeobtainedbycontactingyourGeneral Motorsdealerorbycalling1-800-GM-DRIVE (1-800-463-7483).Owner’sInformationOwnerpublicationsarewrittenspecicallyforowners andintendedtoprovidebasicoperationalinformation aboutthevehicle.Theowner’smanualwillinclude theMaintenanceScheduleforallmodels. In-Portfolio:IncludesaPortfolio,Owner’sManual,and WarrantyBooklet. RETAILSELLPRICE:$35.00 WithoutPortfolio:Owner’sManualonly. RETAILSELLPRICE:$25.00CurrentandPastModelOrderFormsServicePublicationsareavailableforcurrentand pastmodelGMvehicles.Torequestanorderform, pleasespecifyyearandmodelnameofthevehicle.ORDERTOLLFREE:1-800-551-4123 Monday-Friday8:00AM-6:00PM EasternTimeForCreditCardOrdersOnly (VISA-MasterCard-Discover),visitHelm,Inc.onthe WorldWideWebat:www.helminc.com Oryoucanwriteto: Helm,Incorporated P.O.Box07130 Detroit,MI48207 Pricesaresubjecttochangewithoutnoticeandwithout incurringobligation.Allowampletimefordelivery. NotetoCanadianCustomers:Alllistedpricesare quotedinU.S.funds.Canadianresidentsaretomake checkspayableinU.S.funds. 7-15

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NOTES 7-16

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AAccessoriesandModications ............................5-4 AccessoryPowerOutlet(s) ............................... 3-18 AddingaSnowPloworSimilarEquipment ......... 4-54 AddingEquipmenttoYourAirbag-Equipped Vehicle ....................................................... 1-86 Additives,Fuel .................................................5-7 Add-OnElectricalEquipment ........................... 5-123 AirCleaner/Filter,Engine ................................. 5-25 AirConditioning .............................. 3-20,3-21,3-24 Airbag OffLight ..................................................... 3-34 PassengerStatusIndicator ........................... 3-36 ReadinessLight .......................................... 3-33 AirbagSensingandDiagnosticModule(SDM) ......7-9 AirbagSystem ................................................ 1-70 AddingEquipmenttoYourAirbag-Equipped Vehicle ................................................... 1-86 AirbagOffSwitch ........................................ 1-77 HowDoesanAirbagRestrain? ...................... 1-75 PassengerSensingSystem ........................... 1-80 ServicingYourAirbag-EquippedVehicle .......... 1-86 WhatMakesanAirbagInate? ...................... 1-75 WhatWillYouSeeAfteranAirbagInates? .... 1-76 WhenShouldanAirbagInate? .................... 1-73 WhereAretheAirbags? ............................... 1-71 AM-FMRadio ................................................. 3-72 Antenna,FixedMast ...................................... 3-130 Antenna,XM™SatelliteRadioAntennaSystem...3-130 Anti-LockBrakeSystem(ABS) ...........................4-7 Anti-LockBrake,SystemWarningLight .............. 3-42 AppearanceCare AluminumorChrome-PlatedWheels ............. 5-119 CareofSafetyBelts ................................... 5-117 ChemicalPaintSpotting .............................. 5-121 CleaningExteriorLamps/Lenses .................. 5-118 CleaningtheInsideofYourVehicle .............. 5-114 Fabric/Carpet ............................................ 5-116 FinishCare ............................................... 5-118 InstrumentPanel,Vinyl,andOther PlasticSurfaces ..................................... 5-117 Leather .................................................... 5-116 SheetMetalDamage .................................. 5-120 Tires ........................................................ 5-120 UnderbodyMaintenance ............................. 5-120 VehicleCare/AppearanceMaterials ............... 5-121 WashingYourVehicle ................................. 5-118 Weatherstrips ............................................ 5-117 WindshieldandWiperBlades ...................... 5-119 Ashtray(s) ...................................................... 3-19 AudioSystem(s) ............................................. 3-70 AM-FMRadio ............................................. 3-72 AudioSteeringWheelControls .................... 3-127 CareofYourCassetteTapePlayer ............... 3-128 CareofYourCDandDVDPlayer ................ 3-130 CareofYourCDsandDVDs ....................... 3-129 ChimeLevelAdjustment ............................. 3-130 FixedMastAntenna ................................... 3-130 RadiowithCassetteandCD ......................... 3-85 1

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AudioSystem(s)(cont.) RadiowithCD ............................................ 3-74 RadiowithSix-DiscCD ................................ 3-99 RearSeatAudio(RSA) ............................... 3-125 SettingtheTimeforRadioswithRadioData Systems(RDS) ........................................ 3-71 SettingtheTimeforRadioswithoutRadio DataSystems(RDS) ................................ 3-71 Theft-DeterrentFeature ............................... 3-126 UnderstandingRadioReception ................... 3-128 XM™SatelliteRadioAntennaSystem ........... 3-130 AutomaticHeadlampSystem ............................ 3-14 AutomaticTransmission Fluid .................................................. 5-27,5-30 Operation ................................................... 2-24 AuxiliaryRoofMountedLampSwitch ................. 3-16BBattery .......................................................... 5-51 BatteryWarningLight ...................................... 3-39 BeforeLeavingonaLongTrip ......................... 4-39 Brake Anti-LockBrakeSystem(ABS) ........................4-7 Emergencies ................................................4-9 Parking ...................................................... 2-49 SystemWarningLight .................................. 3-41 Brakes .......................................................... 5-48 Braking ...........................................................4-6 BrakinginEmergencies .....................................4-9 Break-In,NewVehicle ..................................... 2-20 BulbReplacement ........................................... 5-62 CenterHigh-MountedStoplamp(CHMSL)and CargoLamp ............................................ 5-67 FrontTurnSignal,SidemarkerandDaytime RunningLamps ........................................ 5-64 HalogenBulbs ............................................ 5-62 Headlamps ................................................. 5-62 PickupBoxIdenticationandFenderMarker Lamps .................................................... 5-69 ReplacementBulbs ...................................... 5-71 RoofMarkerLamps ..................................... 5-66 Taillamps,TurnSignal,Stoplampsand Back-upLamps ........................................ 5-69 BuyingNewTires ........................................... 5-86CCaliforniaFuel ..................................................5-7 CaliforniaProposition65Warning .......................5-4 CanadianOwners ................................................ii CapacitiesandSpecications .......................... 5-132 CarbonMonoxide ................... 2-14,2-54,4-42,4-67 Careof SafetyBelts .............................................. 5-117 YourCassetteTapePlayer .......................... 3-128 YourCDandDVDPlayer ........................... 3-130 YourCDsandDVDs .................................. 3-129 CargoLamp ................................................... 3-18 2

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CargoLampLight ........................................... 3-49 CenterConsoleStorageArea ........................... 2-76 CenterFrontPassengerPosition,SafetyBelts .... 1-25 CenterHigh-MountedStoplamp(CHMSL)and CargoLamp ............................................... 5-67 Chains,Tire ................................................... 5-91 Check EngineLight ............................................... 3-45 CheckingThingsUndertheHood ...................... 5-12 ChemicalPaintSpotting ................................. 5-121 ChildRestraints ChildRestraintSystems ............................... 1-37 InfantsandYoungChildren ........................... 1-33 LowerAnchorsandTethersforChildren .......... 1-44 OlderChildren ............................................. 1-31 SecuringaChildRestraintinaRear SeatPosition ........................................... 1-54 SecuringaChildRestraintintheCenter FrontSeatPosition ................................... 1-56 SecuringaChildRestraintintheRight FrontSeatPosition(CrewCab) .................. 1-57 SecuringaChildRestraintintheRight FrontSeatPosition(Regularand ExtendedCab) ................................ 1-60,1-65 WheretoPuttheRestraint ........................... 1-42 ChimeLevelAdjustment ................................. 3-130 CigaretteLighter ............................................. 3-19 Cleaning AluminumorChrome-PlatedWheels ............. 5-119 ExteriorLamps/Lenses ................................ 5-118 Cleaning(cont.) Fabric/Carpet ............................................ 5-116 FinishCare ............................................... 5-118 InsideofYourVehicle ................................. 5-114 InstrumentPanel,Vinyl,andOther PlasticSurfaces ..................................... 5-117 Leather .................................................... 5-116 Tires ........................................................ 5-120 UnderbodyMaintenance ............................. 5-120 WashingYourVehicle ................................. 5-118 Weatherstrips ............................................ 5-117 WindshieldandWiperBlades ...................... 5-119 ClimateControlSystem ................................... 3-20 Dual .......................................................... 3-21 DualAutomatic ............................................ 3-24 OutletAdjustment ........................................ 3-29 Clutch,Hydraulic ............................................. 5-34 Coinholder(s) .................................................. 2-75 CollisionDamageRepair .................................. 7-10 ComfortGuides,RearSafetyBelt ..................... 1-29 ContentTheft-Deterrent .................................... 2-18 ControlofaVehicle ..........................................4-6 Coolant EngineTemperatureGage ............................ 3-43 Heater,Engine ............................................ 2-23 SurgeTankPressureCap ............................. 5-37 CoolingSystem .............................................. 5-40 CruiseControl ................................................ 3-10 CruiseControlLight ........................................ 3-48 Cupholder(s) .................................................. 2-75 3

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CustomerAssistanceInformation CourtesyTransportation ..................................7-7 CustomerAssistanceforText Telephone(TTY)Users ...............................7-4 CustomerAssistanceOffices ...........................7-4 CustomerSatisfactionProcedure .....................7-2 GMMobilityReimbursementProgram ...............7-5 ReportingSafetyDefectstoGeneralMotors .... 7-14 ReportingSafetyDefectstotheCanadian Government ............................................ 7-14 ReportingSafetyDefectstotheUnitedStates Government ............................................ 7-13 RoadsideAssistanceProgram .........................7-6 ServicePublicationsOrderingInformation ........ 7-14DDaytimeRunningLamps .................................. 3-14 DefensiveDriving .............................................4-2 DelayedLocking ...............................................2-9 DoingYourOwnServiceWork ...........................5-5 DomeLampOverride ...................................... 3-17 DomeLamps ................................................. 3-17 Door DelayedLocking ...........................................2-9 Locks ..........................................................2-8 PowerDoorLocks .........................................2-8 Door(cont.) ProgrammableAutomaticDoorLocks ............. 2-10 RearDoorSecurityLocks ............................. 2-12 RearDoors ................................................. 2-13 Driver Position,SafetyBelt ..................................... 1-17 DriverInformationCenter(DIC) ......................... 3-51 DICOperationandDisplays .......................... 3-52 DICVehicleCustomization ............................ 3-64 DICWarningsandMessages ........................ 3-54 Driving AtNight ..................................................... 4-33 City ........................................................... 4-37 Defensive .....................................................4-2 Drunken .......................................................4-3 Freeway ..................................................... 4-38 HillandMountainRoads .............................. 4-40 InRainandonWetRoads ........................... 4-34 Off-Road .................................................... 4-17 RecoveryHooks .......................................... 4-47 RockingYourVehicletoGetitOut ................. 4-46 Winter ........................................................ 4-42 DualAutomaticClimateControlSystem ............. 3-24 DualClimateControlSystem ............................ 3-21 DualTireOperation ......................................... 5-82 DVD RearSeatEntertainmentSystem .................. 3-114 4

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EElectricalSystem Add-OnEquipment ..................................... 5-123 CenterInstrumentPanelFuseBlock ............. 5-126 FusesandCircuitBreakers ......................... 5-124 InstrumentPanelFuseBlock ....................... 5-124 PowerWindowsandOtherPowerOptions .... 5-124 UnderhoodFuseBlock ............................... 5-127 WindshieldWiperFuses ............................. 5-123 Engine AirCleaner/Filter ......................................... 5-25 Battery ....................................................... 5-51 CheckandServiceEngineSoonLight ............ 3-45 Coolant ...................................................... 5-35 CoolantHeater ............................................ 2-23 CoolantTemperatureGage ........................... 3-43 DriveBeltRouting ....................................... 6-18 EngineCompartmentOverview ...................... 5-14 Exhaust ..................................................... 2-54 FanNoise .................................................. 5-45 Oil............................................................. 5-20 OilLifeSystem ........................................... 5-23 OverheatedProtectionOperatingMode ........... 5-40 Overheating ................................................ 5-37 Starting ...................................................... 2-22 EntryLighting ................................................. 3-17 EventDataRecorders(EDR) .............................7-9 ExitLighting ................................................... 3-17 Extender,SafetyBelt ....................................... 1-30FFilter EngineAirCleaner ...................................... 5-25 FixedMastAntenna ....................................... 3-130 Flash-to-Pass ...................................................3-8 FlatTire ........................................................ 5-92 FlatTire,Changing ......................................... 5-92 FlatTire,Storing ........................................... 5-110 Fluid AutomaticTransmission ........................ 5-27,5-30 ManualTransmission .................................... 5-32 PowerSteering ........................................... 5-46 WindshieldWasher ...................................... 5-47 FogLamps .................................................... 3-16 Four-WheelDrive .................................... 2-36,5-58 Four-Wheel-DriveLight .................................... 3-49 FrontAxle ...................................................... 5-60 FrontReadingLamps ...................................... 3-18 FrontStorageArea ......................................... 2-76 5

PAGE 578

Fuel ...............................................................5-6 Additives ......................................................5-7 CaliforniaFuel ..............................................5-7 E85(85%Ethanol) ........................................5-8 FillingaPortableFuelContainer .................... 5-12 FillingYourTank .......................................... 5-10 FuelsinForeignCountries ..............................5-9 Gage ......................................................... 3-50 GasolineOctane ...........................................5-6 GasolineSpecications ..................................5-6 LowWarningLight ....................................... 3-50 Fuses CenterInstrumentPanelFuseBlock ............. 5-126 FusesandCircuitBreakers ......................... 5-124 InstrumentPanelFuseBlock ....................... 5-124 UnderhoodFuseBlock ............................... 5-127 WindshieldWiper ....................................... 5-123GGage EngineCoolantTemperature ......................... 3-43 Fuel .......................................................... 3-50 OilPressure ............................................... 3-47 Speedometer .............................................. 3-32 Tachometer ................................................. 3-32 TransmissionTemperature ............................. 3-43 VoltmeterGage ........................................... 3-39 GarageDoorOpener ....................................... 2-71 Gasoline Octane ........................................................5-6 Specications ...............................................5-6 GloveBox ..................................................... 2-75 GMMobilityReimbursementProgram ..................7-5HHazardWarningFlashers ...................................3-6 HeadRestraints ...............................................1-8 Headlamps ............................................ 3-13,5-62 AutomaticHeadlampSystem ......................... 3-14 BulbReplacement ....................................... 5-62 DaytimeRunningLamps ............................... 3-14 Flash-to-Pass ...............................................3-8 FrontTurnSignal,SidemarkerandDaytime RunningLamps ........................................ 5-64 HalogenBulbs ............................................ 5-62 High/LowBeamChanger ................................3-8 OnReminder .............................................. 3-14 PickupBoxIdenticationandFenderMarker Lamps .................................................... 5-69 RoofMarkerLamps ..................................... 5-66 HeatedSeats ...................................................1-5 Heater ................................................... 3-20,3-21 Heater ........................................................... 3-24 HighbeamOnLight ......................................... 3-49 HighwayHypnosis ........................................... 4-40 HillandMountainRoads .................................. 4-40 6

PAGE 579

Hood CheckingThingsUnder ................................ 5-12 Release ..................................................... 5-13 Horn ...............................................................3-6 HowtoUseThisManual ......................................ii HowtoWearSafetyBeltsProperly ................... 1-17 HydraulicClutch ............................................. 5-34IIgnitionPositions ............................................. 2-20 InfantsandYoungChildren,Restraints ............... 1-33 Ination--TirePressure .................................. 5-80 InstrumentPanel Overview .....................................................3-4 InstrumentPanel(I/P) Brightness .................................................. 3-17 Cluster ....................................................... 3-31JJumpStarting ................................................. 5-52KKeylessEntrySystem .......................................2-4 Keys ...............................................................2-3LLabeling,TireSidewall ..................................... 5-74 Lamps AuxiliaryRoofMountedLamp ........................ 3-16 Cargo ........................................................ 3-18 Dome ........................................................ 3-17 DomeLampOverride ................................... 3-17 Fog........................................................... 3-16 FrontReading ............................................. 3-18 LATCHSystem ChildRestraints ........................................... 1-44 Latches,Seatback ............................................1-8 Light AirbagOff .................................................. 3-34 AirbagReadiness ........................................ 3-33 Anti-LockBrakeSystemWarning ................... 3-42 BatteryWarning .......................................... 3-39 BrakeSystemWarning ................................. 3-41 CargoLamp ............................................... 3-49 CruiseControl ............................................. 3-48 Four-Wheel-Drive ......................................... 3-49 HighbeamOn ............................................. 3-49 LowFuelWarning ....................................... 3-50 MalfunctionIndicator .................................... 3-45 PassengerAirbagStatusIndicator .................. 3-36 SafetyBeltReminder ................................... 3-33 Security ..................................................... 3-48 7

PAGE 580

Light(cont.) Tow/HaulMode ........................................... 3-49 TractionOff ................................................ 3-42 Up-Shift ..................................................... 3-40 Lighting Entry ......................................................... 3-17 Exit ........................................................... 3-17 LoadingYourVehicle ....................................... 4-48 LockingRearAxle ........................................... 4-12 LockoutProtection .......................................... 2-12 Locks DelayedLocking ...........................................2-9 Door ...........................................................2-8 LockoutProtection ....................................... 2-12 PowerDoor ..................................................2-8 ProgrammableAutomaticDoorLocks ............. 2-10 RearDoorSecurityLocks ............................. 2-12 LossofControl ............................................... 4-16 LowFuelWarningLight ................................... 3-50 Lumbar PowerControls .............................................1-4MMaintenanceSchedule AdditionalRequiredServices ...........................6-7 AtEachFuelFill ......................................... 6-11 AtLeastOnceaMonth ................................ 6-11 AtLeastOnceaYear .................................. 6-12 MaintenanceSchedule(cont.) AttheFirst100,1,000and6,000Miles (160,1600and10000km) ....................... 6-11 Introduction ..................................................6-2 MaintenanceFootnotes ..................................6-9 MaintenanceRecord .................................... 6-19 MaintenanceRequirements .............................6-2 NormalMaintenanceReplacementParts ......... 6-17 OwnerChecksandServices ......................... 6-11 RecommendedFluidsandLubricants ............. 6-14 ScheduledMaintenance .................................6-4 Using ..........................................................6-3 YourVehicleandtheEnvironment ...................6-2 MalfunctionIndicatorLight ................................ 3-45 ManualSeats ...................................................1-3 ManualSelectableRide ................................... 4-11 ManualTransmission Fluid .......................................................... 5-32 Operation ................................................... 2-32 ManualWindows ............................................ 2-15 MemorySeat ................................................. 2-79 Message DICWarningsandMessages ........................ 3-54 Mirrors AutomaticDimmingRearviewwithCompass .... 2-60 AutomaticDimmingRearviewwithCompass andTemperatureDisplay ........................... 2-62 AutomaticDimmingRearviewwithOnStarandCompass .......................................... 2-56 8

PAGE 581

Mirrors(cont.) AutomaticDimmingRearviewwithOnStar, CompassandTemperatureDisplay ............. 2-58 ManualRearviewMirror ................................ 2-56 OutsideAutomaticDimmingMirror ................. 2-68 OutsideCamper-TypeMirrors ........................ 2-65 OutsideConvexMirror ................................. 2-68 OutsideCurbViewAssistMirrors ................... 2-68 OutsideHeatedMirrors ................................ 2-68 OutsideManualMirrors ................................ 2-64 OutsidePowerFoldawayMirrors .................... 2-67 OutsidePowerMirrors .................................. 2-66 OutsideWestCoast-TypeMirrors ................... 2-66 MyGMLink.com ................................................7-3NNewVehicleBreak-In ...................................... 2-20 NoiseControlSystem,Tampering ...................... 5-61 NormalMaintenanceReplacementParts ............ 6-17OOdometer ...................................................... 3-32 Odometer,Trip ............................................... 3-32 Off-RoadDriving ............................................. 4-17 Off-RoadRecovery .......................................... 4-14 Oil Engine ....................................................... 5-20 PressureGage ............................................ 3-47 Oil,EngineOilLifeSystem .............................. 5-23 OlderChildren,Restraints ................................ 1-31 OnlineOwnerCenter ........................................7-3 OnStarSystem,seeOnStarManual ............... 2-69 OtherWarningDevices ......................................3-6 OutletAdjustment ............................................ 3-29 Outside AutomaticDimmingMirror ............................. 2-68 Camper-TypeMirrors .................................... 2-65 ConvexMirror ............................................. 2-68 CurbViewAssistMirrors .............................. 2-68 HeatedMirrors ............................................ 2-68 ManualMirrors ............................................ 2-64 PowerFoldawayMirrors ............................... 2-67 PowerMirrors ............................................. 2-66 WestCoast-TypeMirrors .............................. 2-66 OverheatedEngineProtection OperatingMode .......................................... 5-40 OwnerChecksandServices ............................. 6-11 Owners,Canadian ...............................................ii 9

PAGE 582

PPark(P) ShiftingInto ................................................ 2-50 ShiftingOutof ............................................ 2-52 Parking Brake ........................................................ 2-49 OverThingsThatBurn ................................. 2-53 ParkingYourVehicle ....................................... 2-53 PassengerAirbagStatusIndicator ..................... 3-36 PassengerSensingSystem .............................. 1-80 Passing ......................................................... 4-15 Passlock...................................................... 2-19 PickupConversiontoChassisCab .................... 4-61 Power AccessoryOutlet(s) ...................................... 3-18 DoorLocks ..................................................2-8 ElectricalSystem ....................................... 5-124 LumbarControls ...........................................1-4 RetainedAccessory(RAP) ............................ 2-22 Seat ............................................................1-4 SteeringFluid ............................................. 5-46 Windows .................................................... 2-16 ProgrammableAutomaticDoorLocks ................. 2-10QQuestionsandAnswersAboutSafetyBelts ......... 1-16RRadios .......................................................... 3-70 AM-FMRadio ............................................. 3-72 CareofYourCassetteTapePlayer ............... 3-128 CareofYourCDandDVDPlayer ................ 3-130 CareofYourCDsandDVDs ....................... 3-129 RadiowithCassetteandCD ......................... 3-85 RadiowithCD ............................................ 3-74 RadiowithSix-DiscCD ................................ 3-99 RearSeatAudio ........................................ 3-125 SettingtheTimeforRadioswithRadio DataSystems(RDS) ................................ 3-71 SettingtheTimeforRadioswithout RadioDataSystems(RDS) ....................... 3-71 Theft-Deterrent .......................................... 3-126 UnderstandingReception ............................ 3-128 RearAxle ...................................................... 5-56 Locking ...................................................... 4-12 RearDoorSecurityLocks ................................ 2-12 RearDoors .................................................... 2-13 RearSafetyBeltComfortGuides ...................... 1-29 RearSeatAudio(RSA) .................................. 3-125 RearSeatEntertainmentSystem ..................... 3-114 RearSeatOperation ................................. 1-9,1-10 RearSeatPassengers,SafetyBelts .................. 1-26 RearviewMirror,AutomaticDimmingwith Compass .................................................... 2-60 RearviewMirror,AutomaticDimmingwith CompassandTemperatureDisplay ................ 2-62 10

PAGE 583

RearviewMirror,AutomaticDimmingwith OnStarandCompass ................................. 2-56 RearviewMirror,AutomaticDimmingwith OnStar,CompassandTemperatureDisplay...2-58 RearviewMirrors ............................................. 2-56 RecliningSeatbacks ..........................................1-6 RecommendedFluidsandLubricants ................. 6-14 RecoveryHooks ............................................. 4-47 RecreationalVehicleTowing ............................. 4-62 RemoteKeylessEntrySystem ............................2-4 RemoteKeylessEntrySystem,Operation ............2-5 RemovingtheFlatTireandInstallingthe SpareTire .................................................. 5-98 RemovingtheSpareTireandTools ................... 5-94 ReplacementBulbs ......................................... 5-71 ReportingSafetyDefects CanadianGovernment .................................. 7-14 GeneralMotors ........................................... 7-14 UnitedStatesGovernment ............................ 7-13 RestraintSystemCheck CheckingtheRestraintSystems .................... 1-87 ReplacingRestraintSystemParts AfteraCrash .......................................... 1-88 RetainedAccessoryPower(RAP) ...................... 2-22 RightFrontPassengerPosition,SafetyBelts ...... 1-25 Roadside AssistanceProgram .......................................7-6 RockingYourVehicletoGetitOut .................... 4-46 Routing,EngineDriveBelt ............................... 6-18 RunningtheEngineWhileParked ..................... 2-54SSafetyBelt ReminderLight ............................................ 3-33 SafetyBelts Careof .................................................... 5-117 CenterFrontPassengerPosition .................... 1-25 DriverPosition ............................................ 1-17 HowtoWearSafetyBeltsProperly ................ 1-17 QuestionsandAnswersAboutSafetyBelts ..... 1-16 RearSafetyBeltComfortGuides ................... 1-29 RearSeatPassengers ................................. 1-26 RightFrontPassengerPosition ...................... 1-25 SafetyBeltExtender .................................... 1-30 SafetyBeltUseDuringPregnancy ................. 1-24 SafetyBeltsAreforEveryone ....................... 1-12 SafetyWarningsandSymbols ..............................iii ScheduledMaintenance .....................................6-4 SeatbackLatches .............................................1-8 Seats HeadRestraints ............................................1-8 HeatedSeats ...............................................1-5 Manual ........................................................1-3 Memory ..................................................... 2-79 PowerLumbar ..............................................1-4 PowerSeats .................................................1-4 RearSeatOperation .............................. 1-9,1-10 RecliningSeatbacks ......................................1-6 SeatbackLatches ..........................................1-8 SecondaryLatchSystem ................................ 5-107 11

PAGE 584

SecuringaChildRestraint CenterFrontSeatPosition ............................ 1-56 RearSeatPosition ...................................... 1-54 RightFrontSeatPosition(CrewCab) ............. 1-57 RightFrontSeatPosition(Regularand ExtendedCab) ................................ 1-60,1-65 SecurityLight ................................................. 3-48 Service ...........................................................5-4 AccessoriesandModications .........................5-4 AddingEquipmenttotheOutsideofYour Vehicle .....................................................5-5 CaliforniaProposition65Warning ....................5-4 DoingYourOwnWork ...................................5-5 EngineSoonLight ....................................... 3-45 PublicationsOrderingInformation ................... 7-14 ServicingYourAirbag-EquippedVehicle .............. 1-86 SettingtheTime RadioswithRadioDataSystems(RDS) ......... 3-71 RadioswithoutRadioDataSystems(RDS) ..... 3-71 SheetMetalDamage ..................................... 5-120 ShiftingIntoPark(P) ....................................... 2-50 ShiftingOutofPark(P) ................................... 2-52 Signals,TurnandLane-Change ..........................3-7 SlidingRearWindows ..................................... 2-17 SnowPlow .................................................... 4-54 SpareTire .................................................... 5-114 Installing .................................................... 5-98 Removing ................................................... 5-94 Storing ..................................................... 5-110 Specications,Capacities ............................... 5-132 Speedometer .................................................. 3-32 StartingYourEngine ....................................... 2-22 Steering ........................................................ 4-12 SteeringWheelControls,Audio ....................... 3-127 SteeringWheel,TiltWheel .................................3-6 StorageAreas CenterConsoleStorageArea ........................ 2-76 Coinholder(s) .............................................. 2-75 Cupholder(s) ............................................... 2-75 FrontStorageArea ...................................... 2-76 GloveBox .................................................. 2-75 StuckinSand,Mud,IceorSnow ...................... 4-46 SunVisors ..................................................... 2-17 Sunroof ......................................................... 2-78 Swing-OutWindows ........................................ 2-17TTachometer .................................................... 3-32 Tailgate ......................................................... 2-14 Taillamps TurnSignal,StoplampsandBack-upLamps .... 5-69 Theft-Deterrent,Radio .................................... 3-126 Theft-DeterrentSystems ................................... 2-18 ContentTheft-Deterrent ................................ 2-18 Passlock................................................... 2-19 TiltWheel ........................................................3-6 Tires ............................................................. 5-73 12

PAGE 585

AluminumorChrome-PlatedWheels, Cleaning ............................................... 5-119 BuyingNewTires ........................................ 5-86 Chains ....................................................... 5-91 ChangingaFlatTire .................................... 5-92 Cleaning ................................................... 5-120 DifferentSize .............................................. 5-87 DualTireOperation ..................................... 5-82 IfaTireGoesFlat ....................................... 5-92 Ination--TirePressure ............................... 5-80 InspectionandRotation ................................ 5-82 InstallingtheSpareTire ................................ 5-98 RemovingtheFlatTire ................................. 5-98 RemovingtheSpareTireandTools ............... 5-94 SecondaryLatchSystem ............................ 5-107 SpareTire ................................................ 5-114 StoringaFlatorSpareTireandTools .......... 5-110 TireSidewallLabeling .................................. 5-74 TireTerminologyandDenitions .................... 5-77 UniformTireQualityGrading ......................... 5-88 WheelAlignmentandTireBalance ................. 5-89 WheelReplacement ..................................... 5-89 WhenItIsTimeforNewTires ...................... 5-85 TonneauCover ............................................... 2-76 Tow/HaulMode ............................................... 2-30 Tow/HaulModeLight ....................................... 3-49 Towing PowerTake-Off(PTO) .................................. 4-95 RecreationalVehicle ..................................... 4-62 Towing(cont.) TowingaTrailer .......................................... 4-67 YourVehicle ............................................... 4-61 Traction AssistSystem(TAS) ......................................4-9 ManualSelectableRide ................................ 4-11 OffLight ..................................................... 3-42 Trailer Recommendations ....................................... 4-95 Transmission Fluid,Automatic .................................. 5-27,5-30 Fluid,Manual .............................................. 5-32 TemperatureGage ....................................... 3-43 Up-ShiftLight .............................................. 3-40 TransmissionOperation,Automatic .................... 2-24 TransmissionOperation,Manual ........................ 2-32 TripOdometer ................................................ 3-32 Truck-CamperLoadingInformation .................... 4-59 TurnandLane-ChangeSignals ..........................3-7 TurnSignal/MultifunctionLever ...........................3-7UUnderstandingRadioReception ....................... 3-128 UniformTireQualityGrading ............................ 5-88 UniversalHomeRemoteSystem ....................... 2-71 Operation ................................................... 2-72 Up-ShiftLight ................................................. 3-40 13

PAGE 586

VVehicle Control ........................................................4-6 DamageWarnings ...........................................iv Loading ...................................................... 4-48 ParkingYour ............................................... 2-53 Symbols .........................................................iv VehicleCustomization,DIC .............................. 3-64 VehicleDataCollectionandEventData Recorders ....................................................7-9 VehicleIdentication Number(VIN) ............................................ 5-122 ServicePartsIdenticationLabel .................. 5-123 VehiclePersonalization .................................... 2-79 MemorySeat .............................................. 2-79 VentilationAdjustment ...................................... 3-29 Visors ........................................................... 2-17 VoltmeterGage .............................................. 3-39WWarningLights,GagesandIndicators ................ 3-30 Warnings DICWarningsandMessages ........................ 3-54 HazardWarningFlashers ...............................3-6 OtherWarningDevices ..................................3-6 SafetyandSymbols .........................................iii VehicleDamage ..............................................iv Wheels AlignmentandTireBalance .......................... 5-89 DifferentSize .............................................. 5-87 Replacement ............................................... 5-89 WheretoPuttheRestraint ............................... 1-42 Windows ....................................................... 2-15 Manual ...................................................... 2-15 Power ........................................................ 2-16 SlidingRear ................................................ 2-17 Swing-OutWindows ..................................... 2-17 Windshield WiperBlades,Cleaning .............................. 5-119 WindshieldWasher ...........................................3-9 Fluid .......................................................... 5-47 WindshieldWiper BladeReplacement ...................................... 5-72 Fuses ...................................................... 5-123 WindshieldWipers .........................................3-9 WinterDriving ................................................ 4-42XXM™SatelliteRadioAntennaSystem .............. 3-130YYourVehicleandtheEnvironment .......................6-2 14