Metadata Theory and Practice

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Material Information

Title:
Metadata Theory and Practice
Series Title:
dLOC Advanced Topics Training Institute
Physical Description:
Training slides
Language:
English
Creator:
Sullivan, Mark V.
Publisher:
University of Florida Libraries / Digital Library of the Caribbean
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Florida
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Digitization
Training
SobekCM
dLOC Training Presentation
dLOC Advanced Training Institute

Notes

Acquisition:
Resource was uploaded and editing during training for dLOC partners in Gainesville, FL on 7/29/2013. Submitted by Mark Sullivan.
General Note:
Slides for dLOC partner training

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:

The author dedicated the work to the Commons by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law and all related or neighboring legal rights he or she had in the work, to the extent allowable by law.
System ID:
AA00016215:00001


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Full Text

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Mark Sullivan Digital Library of the Caribbean

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Metadata for Digital Resources What is metadata ? What is your digital resource? Standards Standards Comparison Tools Questions 2 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan 3

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What is metadata? 4 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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What is metadata? 5 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Library and Museum Metadata 6 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Greek Vase 470 460 BC 35 centimeters Odysseus and Eumaios the Swineherd from Odyssey 7 Library and Museum Metadata dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Format: Greek Vase Date: 470 460 BC Height : 35 centimeters Title : [Greek Vase of Odysseus and Eumaiosthe Swineherd ] Notes : the Odyssey 8 Library and Museum Metadata dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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9 Library and Museum Metadata dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Title: L Isle St. Domingue Alternate Title: Atlas portatif Universel .. Physical Desc : 1 Map. : col; 17 x 22 cm on sheet 23 x 32 cm. Language: French Creator: Robert de Vaugondy Gilles 1688 1766 Date: 1749 Place of Publ : Paris 1749 Subjects : Maps -Early works to 1800 -West Indies ( lcsh ) Maps -Early works to 1800 -Hispaniola ( lcsh ) Genre: single map( marcgt ) Maps ( lcsh ) Early works to 1800 ( lcsh ) Spatial Coverage: Haiti Dominican Republic Note : Outline color. 10 Library and Museum Metadata dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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11 Library and Museum Metadata dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Title: Avanzamos o retrocedemos ? : reflexiones sobre Physical Desc : 165 p. Language: Spanish Creator : Mejia, Radhames Publisher: Santo Domingo : PUCMM/CIEDHUMANO Date: 2010 Subject: Educacion Republica Dominicana Ensayos conferencias Abstract : Este libro recoge una serie de artaculos sobre temas educativos publicados en los aos 2006 y 2007 en el periodico El Caribe. Identifier: RD 370.97293 M516a isbn 9789945415339 12 Library and Museum Metadata dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Library Metadata 13 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Library Metadata MARC 14 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan 15

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What is your digital resource? 16 Physical archival containers Archival box? Archival folder? Item level? Scrapbooks Pages Photographs Newspapers Issues Article dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan 17

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Why metadata standards? 18 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Standards so many to choose from Andrew Tannenbaum (1988 ) 19 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Types of Metadata Standards 20 Bibliographic Description Collection Descriptions Other Standards Authority Standards Proprietary Standards dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Types of Metadata Standards 21 Bibliographic Description Collection Descriptions Other Standards Authority Standards Proprietary Standards dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Bibliographic Description Standards MARC Dublin Core MODS VRA Core 22 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Bibliographic Description : MARC MARC Originally developed in 1960s by Library of Congress Most embraced metadata standard in libraries MARC 21 Combination of USMARC and CAN/MARC Metadata standard for 21 st century MarcXML Same MARC format, except encoded in XML 23 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Bibliographic Description : MARC Positives : Can encode a very granular amount of data Very well adopted and works well with machine readers Negatives Not very human readable High learning curve Mixes data with display (as commonly implemented) 24 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Bibliographic Description : DC D ublin C ore Originally developed between 1994 and 1995 in Dublin Ohio by OCLC Used widely on web pages to assist search engines Simplified Dublin Core Title Creator Subject Description Publisher Contributor Date Type Format Identifier Source Language Relation Coverage Rights 25 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Bibliographic Description : DC Qualified Dublin Core Added three elements ( Audience, Provenance, RightsHolder ) More importantly, added some basic refinements Positives Widely accepted and easy to read and encode Negatives Even with qualified dublin core difficult to encode complex data Lack of data refinement leads to loss of UI options 26 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Bibliographic Description : MODS M etadata O bject D escription S cheme Developed in 2002 by Library of Congress Beginning to be the de facto standard for digital libraries (MODS/METS) Positives Can handle a (large) subset of MARC tags Handles complex objects and can easily be extended Negatives Hard to do round trip portability from MARC MODS MARC 27 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Bibliographic Description : VRA Core V isual R esource A ssociation Developed in 1996 by Visual Resource Association Used for describing visual/cultural materials Includes all the standard tags Date, Title, Description, Rights, Subject, etc.. Also more unique tags Cultural Context Style Technique 28 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Bibliographic Description Standards MARC Dublin Core MODS VRA Core 29 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Types of Metadata Standards 30 Bibliographic Description Collection Descriptions Other Standards Authority Standards Proprietary Standards dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Metadata Transport Contents Files and Structural data Administrative data Choices METS OAI PMH No wrapper necessary 31 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Metadata M etadata E ncoding & T ransmission S tandard Standard by Library of Congress (2001) Contains Descriptions section(s) Administrative section(s) File section(s) Structure map(s) Accepts any XML schema 32 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Metadata 33 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS) metsHeader information about the METS dmdSec descriptive metadata amdSec administrative metadata fileSec list of all files grouped by type structMap divisions/pages linked to files

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Metadata PMH Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (2000 2001) Defines a protocol (over HTTP) Main Verbs Identify ListMetadataFormats usually dublin core (99%) ListSets ListRecords 34 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Types of Metadata Standards 35 Bibliographic Description Collection Descriptions Other Standards Authority Standards Proprietary Standards dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Collection Metadata Standards (METS ) EAD Encoded Archival Description Electronic Finding Guide/Aid Main Sections Descriptions Container List can link to digital objects 36 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Types of Metadata Standards 37 Bibliographic Description Collection Descriptions Other Standards Authority Standards Proprietary Standards dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Authority Metadata Standards NACO MADS EAC Other Standards KML DarwinCore Z39.50 / ZING 38 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Proprietary and Custom Formats Proprietary File Formats G reenstone Document File (doc.xml) Fedora Object File ( FOXml ) Custom Schemas SobekCM Schema ( UFDC and dLOC ) 39 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Back to the beginning? 40 MADS ? METS ? dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Evidence based Universities within Florida ( 10 schools ) Digital Objects MARC ( linked to catalog ) Dublin Core ( no wrapper, simple objects ) METS wrapper ( for complex items ) MODS EAD for Finding Aids / Guides OAI PMH Harvesting 41 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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42 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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43 METS Wrapper dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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44 METS Wrapper DC MODS Additional custom metadata dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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45 METS Wrapper Dublin Core Additional custom metadata dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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46 METS Wrapper MODS Additional custom metadata dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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47 METS Wrapper MODS Additional custom metadata VRA Core Darwin Core dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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48 METS MODS SobekCM Archiva l Service Greenstone dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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49 METS MODS SobekCM Archiva l Service Fedora, ContentDM dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Link to external comparison http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/development/standards_comparison.pdf dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan 50

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Lessons / Standards Conclusions Try not to tie your metadata to your system Archival vs. Service needs, but continue to follow the standards most information you would want METS / MODS v. simple Dublin Core 51 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Metadata Tools Library of Congress site of METS utilities http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/mets tools.html SobekCM METS Editor (UF) http://ufdc.ufl.edu/metseditor MarcEdit Tool http://people.oregonstate.edu/~reeset/marcedit/html/index.php 53 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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Review of Topics What is metadata ? What is your digital resource? Standards Standards Comparison Tools 54 dLOC Training (7/29/2013) Gainesville, FL Mark Sullivan

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