Heritage Park & Gardens

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Heritage Park & Gardens
Physical Description:
Project in lieu of thesis
Language:
English
Creator:
Evitt, Joshua
Publisher:
School of Landscape Architecture and Planning, College of Design, Construction and Planning, University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
2013

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
History
Community
Sense of Place
Experience
Environment

Notes

Abstract:
Heritage Park & Gardens is a community park design. This project aims at creating an environment that meets the needs of the users, the land, and the history surrounding it. Heritage Park & Gardens is set in a small rural town called Live Oak, Florida. The property is a seventy-four acre historic estate that was purchased by the city with an intent to provide a park to its residents and meet the needs of the community. This book's ultimate goals are to meet the needs of the client, showcase the design abilities of the author, and provide a resource for those interested in community park design. This book outlines, details, and illustrates the author's process to design the park and meet his ultimate goals. The book has been presented in a way for both designers and non-designers to understand the author's progress from start to finish.
General Note:
Landscape Architecture capstone project

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID:
AA00016088:00001


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Full Text

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Heritage Park Gardens &

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Acknowledgments is project would not have been possible without valuable help along the way. I would like to thank the following people: David Barth Capstone Advisor For those weekly meetings and asking me about my guiding principles every single time. ank you David for your knowledge, help, and awesome guidance. I am a better LA because of you. Dr. Gail Hansen Professor Without you, I would never have been introduced to such wonderful project and experience. ank you for your guidance and wonderful kindness. Kelsey Trujeque You stayed up late, you endured my impatience, and you encouraged me through my greatest attempts at procrastination. I am eternally grateful for what you have given me and I love you very much. Undergraduate Class of LA 2013 Even as we go our separate ways, we will meet again in time and relish in all of our good memories. I will never forget my studio mates through those crazy undergraduate years. e University of Florida College of Design, Construction, & Planning School of Landscape Architecture and Planning Department of Landscape Architecture Heritage Park & Gardens A Terminal Capstone in Landscape Architecture by Joshua Evitt 2013 Submitted in partial fulllment of the degree Bachelor in Landscape Architecture

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2 Table of Contents Introduction Abstract Site Location Site Context History Project Value Analysis Site Analysis Existing Program Regional Analysis User Analysis Site Synthesis Case Studies 15-21 22 23-24 25-26 27-28 29-32 51 52 14 50 5 6 7-8 9-10 11 12 34 35 36 37-42 43-44 45-48 Design Program Guiding Principles Concepts Master Plan Details Conclusion Summary Resources

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Introduction 4

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Abstract Heritage Park & Gardens is a community park design. is project aims at creating an environment that meets the needs of the users, the land, and the surrounding history. Heritage Park & Gardens is set in the small rural town of Live Oak, Florida. e property is a seventyfour acre historic estate that was purchased by the city with an intent to provide a park to its residents and meet the needs of the community. is books ultimate goals are to meet the needs of the client, showcase the design abilities of the author, and provide a resource for those interested in community park design. is book outlines, details, and illustrates the authors process to design the park and meet his ultimate goals. e book has been presented in a way for both designers and non-designers to understand the authors progress from start to nish. 6

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Site Location Heritage Park & Gardens Base Aerial 7

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Site Location Heritage Park & Gardens is located in the city of Live Oak within Suwannee County, Florida. Live Oak is located about an hour between Tallahassee and Gainesville. e property is divided into two parcels of equal size totaling an area of 74 acres. e site is located in the southeast portion of the city surrounded by single-family housing and farm lands. Live Oak Suwannee County Florida 8

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Site Context Live Oak History On December 21, 1858 Suwannee County was added as a new county to the State of Florida. In that same year, there was a population of about 2000 residents. In 1857, construction began on an east-west railroad across North Florida from Jacksonville to Tallahassee which was completed in 1861. During the Civil War, when Union soldiers occupied parts of Jacksonville and Pensacola, a strategic railroad was constructed from DuPont, Georgia, south to intersect with the east-west railroad. Near the junction of these two railroads, where several rails converge, was a live oak tree and a deep clear pond where railroad crews ate their lunches and settlers watered their horses. When the railroad station was erected near that site, Live Oak was born. e city was formally incorporated April 24, 1878. Historic City Hall Historic Suwannee High school Police Department 1950s 9

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Site Context Live Oak Today Live Oak is a small rural town totaling only 6.96 square miles. e city is shaped in a square with two main corridors running through the middle: U.S. Route 90 and U.S. Route 129. Live Oak serves as the county seat for Suwannee County and is one of only two incorporated cities. e 2011 census puts Live Oaks population at 6,918 residents. In the past decade, the city has had a population increase of 5.7%. e most common industries are agriculture and retail trade. About 65% of the population has a high school degree or less. 68% of Live Oaks adherents are Southern Baptist with 71% of the population voting republican in both the 2004 and 2008 elections. e most well known feature near Live Oak is the historic Suwannee River located just 13 miles west of the city. e river is famous for its scenic views, Native American Tribal history, and Stephen Fosters song Old Folks at Home. e Spirit of the Suwannee Music Park is a popular campground that hosts year-round performances and events. Suwannee Music Park Suwannee Music Park City Hall Today Suwannee River 10

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Heritage Park & Gardens has a rich history. e property has had a total of three owners including todays owner, the City of Live Oak. e original owner was a man named T.T. Scott who owned one of the largest saw mills in Suwannee County. He bought the property in 1937 and hired an architect by the name of Bernard W. Close to build a 2 story brick residence. e building was a rectangular brick Georgian Revival home with intersecting gables and a semi-detached, gables 1 story cottage. Scott also hired Richard Forester, a landscape architect, to design the surrounding wooded landscape. Before construction, the site primarily consisted of tall pines, many of which still stand today. Forester designed twin stone gates at the two entrances to the site that were built with brick trim and a concrete base and nial. One of the most striking features in the landscape design is the dramatic arbor southwest of the house. Built in an arc of 10 stone pillars, the arch still stand today and is one for the primary focal points on the property. (Crapps, 2008) In 1951, Scott sold the property to Porter Claude Crapps Jr. Crapps was also in the timber business and moved to Live Oak looking for investments. Mr. Crapps, his wife and his eight children moved into the spacious residence starting a new chapter for the site. Unfortunately, 3 years later, in late November of 1954, a re broke out in the middle of the night at the Crapps home. Only the semi-detached cottage and a few walls survived. In 1955, Mr. Crapps rebuilt the house employing the original architect Bernard W. Close. It is speculated that the new house, in its more up-to-date interpretation of Georgian Revival, reects a combination of the architects growth and the adaptation by the family for their own needs and tastes. roughout the years, Mrs. Crapps strove to preserve the landscape even to the point that during the post-hurricane debris cleanup in the 1990s she banned heavy equipment from her property. (Burch, 2008) She was content to enjoy and maintain the garden of the property. e trellis over the dramatic arbor was improved at one time and like her predecessor, Mr. Scott, Mrs. Crapps continued to refer to it as the Chinese Grape Arbor. Mr. and Mrs. Crapps passed in 1993 and 1996 respectively. eir inuence on the site remains with their children with two of them serving as board members of Friends of Heritage Park & Gardens. e original landscape design remains mostly intact with decade old azaleas, pines, oaks, and structures. (Burch 2008). Site History 11

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Project Value is project has a lot of personal value to me. e location of Live Oak is where my great-grandmother resided for decades. I have fond memories of traveling to the small town as a child and, while I usually found the area boring and quiet, I look back now and appreciate the small town for what it is-rich in culture and history. e residents have a personality that you do not nd in cities and large establishments. Aer almost ve years of studying Landscape Architecture as an undergraduate student, I have a rm design direction. I enjoy smaller scale projects that provide opportunities for the little details. Designing neighborhoods, districts, and cities give a large sense of design accomplishment, but designing yards, streets, and parks allows the chance to get down to the ne details and get your hands dirty, so to speak. is project is straight forward and clear. While I enjoy opportunities that force me into an unfamiliar situation, this project allows the perfect chance to really gauge how much I have learned thus far and how I can apply that knowledge. I will leave my school career with a design that displays exactly what I know and what I am capable of. To look back in 20 years and see how far I have come will be a great feeling. Even though the project is not unconventional, it will still provide opportunities to expand my knowledge of landscape architecture. 12

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Analysis 14

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Helvenston Street Cross Avenue Railroad Avenue Crapps Estate Historic Driveway Service Entrance Open Field (yellow) Good Vistas Historic Servant Quarters Chinese Grape Arbor Open Field (yellow) Pecan Grove Future Rails to Trails (owned by the city) Pine Plantation (o property) Mixed Hardwoods Site Analysis Property Features is graphic shows the basic elements of the site including existing vegetation and structures. 15

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Site Analysis Topography 90 90 90 90 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 105 100 105 105 105 105 105 105 85 85 is topography map shows the general ow of water to the northwestern part of the site. e contours presented are in 5 intervals. 16

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Site Analysis West Parcel e west side contains two distinct features. e north half is open and treeless, much like the eastern parcels south side. e southern area contains an old pecan grove that has an unmaintained winding path throughout. Much of the area is overgrown. e western parcel is relatively untouched and unused for the past several years. e only entrance access is fenced o with a small dirt road leading to a small old horse stable. Horse Stable 17

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Site Analysis West Parcel Pecan Grove e pecan grove covers over half of the west parcel. It is no longer used or maintained but the pecan trees are in healthy condition. e trees are planted in an orthogonal grid with a few vacant spots throughout. Rails to Trails e strip of canopy running along the east side between Cross Avenue and the west parcel is a future Rails-toTrails project for the City of Live Oak. is was an existing railroad running from downtown Live Oak out of the city southbound. As of now, the project is far from starting as there are nancial barriers. e trail is planned to be a 12-foot asphalt path with 10feet of grass on each side. Any existing canopy will be le as is. Open Field e open elds are large swaths of grassy terrain. A few stand-alone trees exist but the landscape is mostly clear with gentle slopes throughout. Horse Stable A derelict horse stable exists on the west side of the parcel. e structure is falling apart and has been abandoned for some time. Little information remains on its history. 18

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e east side of the site holds the historic Crapps estate and contains the majority of human design elements in the site. Several planting beds of native and common fauna such as azaleas and crepe myrtles exist around the estate. Various pines and oaks dot much of the area. e northern side of the parcel has vegetation with the northeast containing a natural unmaintained forest. is corner has been le alone for some time. In stark contrast, the southern portion of the eastern parcel is almost completely free of trees and contains only grasses and low growing plants. A paved half circle in front of the estate is the primary entrance to the parcel. Besides the estate and driveway, no other impervious surfaces exist. Site Analysis East Parcel 19

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Crapps Estate e estate home is a large two story brick Georgian Revival house. It has very accommodating space for events and meetings. e structure is in excellent condition. Mixed Hardwoods e vegetation to the east of the Crapps Estate is a natural, unmaintained mixed hardwoods patch. is area is dense with plants and generally unaccessible without major clearing. Historic Driveway e driveway leading up to the estate is the original design and is lined with beautiful rocks. Both of the driveways ends contain the original columns framing the entry way. Servant Quarters e servant quarters consist of three small structures that use to house the Crapps family servants. e buildings are in good condition with a little restoring needed. Chinese Grape Arbor e Arbor is the most valuable structure on the property in terms of beauty. It provides an excellent vista from the house and is a great focal point for weddings, shows, etc. Pine Plantation Bordering the south side of the parcel is a large pine plantation. e pines are not on the property but they make a nice view from the elds. Site Analysis East Parcel 20

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Site Analysis Existing Structures Historic Servant Quarters Chinese Grape Arbor Entrance Columns (at both driveway entrances) Derelict Horse Stable Crapps Estate Maintenance Building Garden Shed 21

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Existing Program e site is currently used to house board meetings for the Friends of Heritage Park & Gardens. While the Crapps family no longer resides at the estate, occasional tours are given of the house and the surrounding yard. Maintenance funding has been provided for the next 3 years by the city of Live Oak. e maintenance work is done by state prisoners but the amount of work done varies around the property. Most of the work is done in the immediate area around the estate. Funding for the design and installation is undetermined. e Friends of Heritage Park & Gardens will be applying for grants that will kick-start the design and installation process. e client is working on a few possibilities for revenue down the road such as a bed and breakfast, art shows, weddings, concerts, etc. Gail Hansen (UF Horticulture) and Max Gooding have been hired to provide a planting plan around the house. 22

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Context Analysis City Parks and Walkability Diagram is diagram shows the boundary of Live Oak (in black) and the parks and schools located within the town relative to Heritage Park & Gardens. A radial graphic shows average walking time from the park based on a 20 minute mile. is study is important for determining what parks Live Oak already has and their functions. Key Orange HP&G Site Location Purple Various Schools Green Various Parks Red Walking travel time First Federal Sportsplex Heritage Park & Gardens Harrell Heights Park John H. Hale Community Park Suwannee Elementary School Suwannee Middle School Suwannee High School 5 min 10 min 20 min 40 min 23

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Context Analysis Live Oak Land Use Diagram Heritage Park & Gardens Key Heritage Park & Gardens is classied as low residential and agriculture land use. e surrounding context is important to show what nearby establishments surround the site and the potential users that exist within the vicinity. e majority of land use around the site is low and medium residential with some agricultural lands. is diagram shows how Live Oak is split into 4 quadrants by two commercial corridors. 24

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User Analysis e users of Heritage Park & Garden are the most important aspect of the entire design. Every goal and purpose is for the user of the space. If a Landscape Architect does not design a space for the user, what is the purpose of designing it in the rst place? ere are several answers needed for understanding the user. e questions that have been researched and answered for Heritage Park & Gardens are: 1. Who is the user? Live Oak residents and travelers Heritage Park & Gardens will have many dierent types of users but identifying them is critical in order to accommodate their needs in the design. It is easy to say that the users are the residents of Live Oak and while that may be true, specic characteristics of these users are needed in order to apply specic designs within the project. For example, a specic user would be a young engaged couple looking to nd a place to get married. is leads to question 2. 2. What will the users be doing? In order to rene who the user is, the designer must know what the user would be interested in at the park. For Heritage Park and Gardens these users will be: Families and friends who enjoy outdoor recreation such as: picnicking, sunbathing, relaxing, etc. Users who need specic event space. For example: weddings, art shows, car museums, holiday events, school eld trips, etc. Outdoor exercisers which include: walkers, joggers, cyclists, organized classes such as yoga, etc. Outdoor nature activities such as: bird watchers, buttery enthusiasts, plant/ower enthusiasts, etc. Users who enjoy organized sports such as: baseball, soccer, football, tennis basketball, volleyball, etc. Users (local or foreign) with historic interest for subjects like: e Crapps Estate, Live Oak, Suwannee County, Florida, the native vegetation, etc. 25

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User Analysis 3. What are the user demographics? is background is important to know whether the user is a child or a senior, from a Hispanic culture or Asian culture, local or foreign, college educated or high school drop-out, etc. ese facts help to narrow down how the space will be design in order to accommodate. For example, Heritage Park and Gardens will have recreation but who will it appeal to? For example, there can be playgrounds for children but shaded pavilions for senior citizens to sit and relax. If there is a large Hispanic culture, statistically soccer is a popular sport so there should be available space for a soccer eld. ese understandings will help the designer facilitate program elements for the users to address their specic needs. e demographics for Live Oak, FL are as listed on the right column. 4. What will this data ultimately tell the designer? Identifying the user, understanding what they like to do, and knowing a bit of statistical background will allow the designer to create a space that ideally serves their needs for a design, in this case a community park. With this demographic data, the site analysis and the site synthesis the designer can now develop a suitable program that meets the goals of the user and drives the ultimate design. Population, 2011 estimate 6,918 Persons under 5 years, percent, 2010 8.8% Persons under 18 years, percent, 2010 26.6% Persons 65 years and over, percent, 2010 15.8% Female persons, percent, 2010 51.0% White persons, percent, 2010 54.4% Black persons, percent, 2010 35.0% American Indian, 2010 0.5% Asian persons, percent, 2010 1.0% Native Hawaiian 0.1% Two or more races, 2010 2.4% Hispanic or Latino, 2010 16.2% White persons not Hispanic, 2010 46.6% Language other than English, 2007-2011 11.9% High school graduate or higher, 2007-2011 76.3% Bachelors degree or higher, 2007-2011 10.2% Veterans, 2007-2011 570 Housing units, 2010 2,951 Homeownership rate, 2007-2011 52.9% Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2007-2011 18.4% Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2007-2011 $85,000 Households, 2007-2011 2,623 Persons per household, 2007-2011 2.42 Per capita money income in the past 12 months (2011 dollars), 2007-2011 $16,563 Median household income, 2007-2011 $30,048 Persons below poverty level, 2007-2011 24.2% 26

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Site Synthesis Opportunities Historic Driveway e driveway is very inviting and attractive. e way it curves o the estate allows for very nice vistas. Servant Quarters ese historic cottages are great indoor opportunities for educational classes. ey are in relatively good shape and are in a good central location within the property. Pecan Grove e pecan grove is a great opportunity. e trees are healthy and still producing pecans. is can be a great gathering space for pecan festivals and walking/jogging. Open Field e open elds are sunny and hot. However, they make up most of the site and are large enough for all kinds of events and features. e at topo is a great attribute and makes development much easier. Rails to Trails e Rails to Trails is a huge opportunity to bring in traveling bikers and joggers to the park. e trail cuts right in the middle allowing for great exposure of the park with proper signage and connecting trails. 27

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Site Synthesis Constraints Historic Driveway Even though the driveway is attractive, it is narrow and does not help to access the rest of the park. Modications will be needed to use it as a public entrance. Mixed Hardwoods Unfortunately this area is dense and unmaintained. A lot of work and money is needed to clear this area out and it does not seem viable with so much usable space elsewhere. Open Field With little tree canopy and the location being in North Florida, these spaces will be hot and uncomfortable. But with proper shade supplied though pavilions and vegetation, this space can be manageable. Rails to Trails e Rails to Trails separates the site both physically and visually. Incorporating the trail and creating visual corridors are important for creating one cohesive park. 28

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Case Studies Rhododendron ParkKenmore, Washington April, 2006 Luther Burbank Park Master Plan City of Mercer Island, WashingtonPrepared by: The Berger Partnership PSrfnt bft 206.325.6877 ft Luther Burbank Park Location: 2040 84th Avenue Southeast Mercer Island, WA Date Designed: April 2006 Size: 77 acres Design Firm: e Berger Partnership PS Client/Developer: Mercer Island Parks & Recreation Built for recreation and exercise encouragement Available budgeting info Spacial relationship of structures and open space Luther Burbank is similar in size and in design as my capstone. It features active areas with tennis courts, play areas, and an amphitheater. It also features solitude for walkers, joggers, cyclists, and bird-watchers. Most of the facilities are clustered together to retain open space. e landscape architecture rm provided the budget for the park which will help me to get a rough idea of costs for a park at this size. 29

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Case Studies Sahuaro Ranch Park Location: 9802 North 59th Avenue Glendale, AZ Date Designed: April 2006 Size: 80 acres Design Firm: Jack Buktenica Associates Client/Developer: Glendale Parks & Recreation Historical Restoration Recreational functions Agricultural groves/history Sahuaro Ranch Park features an important similarity with my capstone in that half of it is a historical restoration of an early ranch. e other half is developed for recreation. My capstone design for Heritage Park & Gardens will imply a similar design approach with one half active recreation, and the other half a historical restoration/design. Sahuaro Park contains vegetative patterns of agricultural groves. Similarly my site has an existing pecan grove. is case study helps my design thought process as the existing site of Sahuaro Park has historic value, similar vegetation, and an almost equal size. e historic design aspect is brought out in the parks entrance with a steel peacock sculpture reminiscent of the peacocks that once existed in the late 1800s. 30

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Case Studies Cypress Grove Estate Location: 290 W Holden Ave, Orlando, FL Size: 80 acres Historical Estate Restoration Event hosting Vegetation and aesthetic appeal Cypress Grove Estate is very similar to Heritage Park & Gardens. e property has a historic estate and the area is very popular for weddings. ere are also gardens and recreational activities to partake in. e property is used for corporate retreats and tours. ese aspects blend nicely with Heritage Park & Gardens and help paint a picture of a some program elements for the design. 31

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Case Studies Enterprise Historical Park UF Capstone Location: 1328 Sioux Trail Enterprise, FL 32725 Date Designed: Spring 2008 Size: 43 acres Landscape Architect (student): Deidre Kathleen Grin Client/Developer: Enterprise Preservation Society is case study is a previous capstone that consists of a public park incorporating the history of the site. e designer focuses on recreational activities to serve the local community and provides references and awareness of the sites historical value. is case study relates in size and context. It is located in a small town with a property that is undeveloped and focuses on providing a place for the community through recreation. 32

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Design 34

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Program Features Historic Oak Tree Symbol Pecan Grove Historic Buildings Visual Water Amenity Native Outdoor Garden Rails to Trails Services Weddings Venues (art shows, car shows, concerts, etc.) Education Estate Tours Festivals Event Space Activities Varied Sport Play Walking/Jogging/ Biking Lounging/Relaxing Various Hosted Events Sight Seeing Facilities Community Center Sporting Fields (soccer, tennis, basketball, etc.) Picnic Pavilions Restrooms Education Center Estate House e program is divided into four categories that are based on the analysis, research, and understanding of the user. Features are focal points that help draw the users into the space. Activities are what give the users their experience within the park. Services are organized elements with specic users requiring specic programs. Facilities supplement the other program categories with structural necessities. 35

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Guiding Principles Maintain historical site signicance Provide park services and activities for all ages and multiple interests Create a sense of arrival and journey within Incorporate and promote sustainability Integrate surrounding city features and opportunities Showcase the park as a varied and unique recreational space Promote education of exercise, history, and culture Maintain the unique pastoral feel of the estate within the rest of the park. Research, analysis, users, and program all come together to form the guiding principles. ese 8 principles are used to drive the core of the design and are referred to again and again throughout the design. ese must always be considered when conceptualizing and designing. If they are not, then I would be going against all of my research and purpose. 36

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Concepts Diagrammatic My early concepts explored big ideas of movement throughout the park. Outlining the two parcels and freehand drawing with loose sketches and a large pen help to draw out ideas that can be rened later. Many of these play with the idea of establishing a connection between the two parcels and bubbling key spaces of distinction such as the pecan grove and the estate. 37

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Concepts Spacial Early concept drawings focused on spacial relationships between dierent park program elements. ese involved circulation possibilities, creating vistas from the main trac corridor, and using bubble diagrams to represent individual spaces. Concept 1 Concept 3 Concept 2 38

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Concepts Parcel Unication is concept focuses on bringing the two separated parcels together in order to create one unied park. is is done by using a single clear travel connection by both pedestrian and vehicular access. Lake amenity/ Stormwater Basin Overow Parking Overow parking Park Signage Crapps Estate Park Signage Founding Oak Tree Feature Tennis courts/ basketball courts Community Center Pecan Grove Walking/Biking Trail Playgrounds Future Rails to Trails Education Center Chinese Grape Arbor 39

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Concepts Historic Preservation is primary goal for this concept is to preserve the original historic landscape of the estate. e estate is virtually le untouched while the rest of the park is designed with one thoroughfare and relying on a north/south axis to relate elements. Lake amenity/ Stormwater Basin Overow Parking Overow parking Park Signage Crapps Estate Park Signage Park Signage Founding Oak Tree Feature Tennis courts/ basketball courts Community Center Play Grounds Pecan Grove Walking/Biking Trail Future Rails to Trails Education Center Chinese Grape Arbor 40

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Concepts Connecting Elements e park has four distinct elements (estate, education center, community center, pecan grove). is concept focuses on pulling those elements together through various entrances and vehicular circulation. Lake Amenity/ Stormwater Basin Soccer/Baseball elds Park Signage Crapps Estate Park Signage Tennis courts/ basketball courts Community Center Native Garden Pecan Grove Walking/Biking Trail Education Center Chinese Grape Arbor 41

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Concepts Combined e nal concept uses the best design elements from the last three to create a cohesive plan that unies the parcels, moderately preserves the estate, and connects each focal point. Lake amenity/ Stormwater Basin Crapps Estate Tennis Courts/ Basketball Courts Community Center Native Garden Pecan Grove Walking/Biking Trail Education Center Chinese Grape Arbor 42

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Master Plan Rendered Graphic e master plan has multiple entrances to facilitate ease of access and senseof-arrivals. A single vehicular connection brings the two parcels together while bring awareness to the Rails to Trails corridor. e walk/bike pathway connects with this corridor to allow uid access to and from the park. On street parking, overow parking and a small amount of paved parking help to give the park a more natural feel while allowing for the large amounts of trac that can come from large events. 43

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The Heritage Park & Gardens master plan has been designed with four distinct themes: The Lake, The Grove, The Estate, and the The Fields. These themes are named within each. Master Plan emes e Lake e Grove e Fields e Estate 44

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e Lake Bike/Jog Path Open Field for Various Activities Tennis Courts Basketball / Volleyball Courts Potential Lake Scene Potential Pavilion Design Provides a welcomed and unique water feature to the area. Smaller recreation activities (tennis, basketball, volleyball) Bike/jog path bends around the lake for vistas Picnic pavilions provided for shade and seating 45

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e Estate Original Chinese Grape Arbor Historic Cottages Original Estate Front of the Estate Eye Catching Grape Arbor Historic Cottages (servant quarters) e Estate provides events for weddings, meetings, tours, etc. e cottages will be retrotted for education classes. e Grape Arbor provides stunning views for weddings, family photos, and overall scenery. 46

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e Grove Community Center Native Garden Existing Pecan Garden Existing Pecan Tree Pecan Festivals Large Hill for Vistas Historic pecan grove provides opportunity for pecan festivals and gatherings e Community Center provides indoor possibilities and acts as a hub for the west parcel. Native plant garden provided for education and enjoyment. 47

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e Fields Large Recreation Fields/Facilities (baseball, soccer) Current Existing Field Art Show Event 4th of July Event Large Field Recreation Ample Space for large scale events (art shows, holiday celebrations, car shows, etc.) Flexible space for casual baseball/soccer recreation Open Space for Organized Events 48

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Conclusion 50

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Summary Heritage Park & Gardens is a wonderful property with fantastic potential. e site has a strong historic nature with ample opportunity to provide a varied and meaningful recreational space. Understanding the property, understanding Live Oak, and understanding the community have led to a design that speaks to its users and creates an enjoyable space. Designing a park can be a complicated process but knowing who the users are and understanding their needs allow the designer to create a space that has reason and purpose. Heritage Park & Gardens takes into account the communitys appreciation for historic aspects, slowpaced culture, and enjoyment of dierent sports. is space can become a timeless space enjoyed by generations of users in the Live Oak community. 51

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Bibliography Allen, S. E., 1979. Private Financing in Public Parks. Hawkins & Associates, Inc: Washington D.C.. Burch, B., 2008. Interview on Crapps-Scott Estate Interviewed byApril Johnson, 5 March 2008 City of Live Oak, 2013. Live Oak, Florida. [online] Available at: < http:// www.cityoiveoak.org/> {Accessed April 2013]. City of Live Oak Community Redevelopment Agency, 2009. Community Redevelopment Plan. George D. Curtis Crapps, C. III, 2008. Interview on Crapps-Scott Estate Interviewed byTim Harrinton, 25, 26 March 2008 Cypress Grove, 2013. Cypress Grove. [online] Available at: [Acessed April 2013]. DeLoach, D., 1993. Ronne Van Zant Community Park Gainesville, FL: Dean DeLoach. Donald, M., 1986. Anatomy of a Park. McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York NY. Fogg, G. E., 2005. Park, Recreation & Leisure Facilites Site Planning Guidelines s.l.:National Recreation & Park Association. Forsyth, A. & Musacchio, L., 2005. Designing Small Parks Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Son, Inc.. Grin, D. K., 2008. Enterprise Historical Park. Gainesville, FL: Deirdre Kathleen Grin. Lynch, K., 1984. Site Planning. e MIT Press: Cambridge, Massachusetts, London England. Suwannee County park & Recreation Department, 2013. Parks. [online] Available at: [Accessed April 2013]. US Census Bureau, 2013. State & County Quick Facts [online] Available at: < http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/12/1240875.html> [Accessed April 2013]. Walker, T. D., 1987. Designs for Parks and Recreation Spaces. Mesa, AZ: PDA Publishers Corporation. 52