PDF : Isthmian Historical Society competition for the best true stories of life and work on the Isthmus of Panama during...

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Title:
PDF : Isthmian Historical Society competition for the best true stories of life and work on the Isthmus of Panama during the construction of the Panama Canal
Series Title:
Isthmian Historical Society competition for the best true stories of life and work on the Isthmus of Panama during the construction of the Panama Canal
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Language:
English
Spanish
Donor:
Afro-Antillean Museum ( donor )
Publisher:
Isthmian Historical Society
Place of Publication:
Panama

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Panama Canal

Notes

Scope and Content:
The Contest: In 1963, as the 50th anniversary of the opening of the Panama Canal drew near, the Isthmian Historical Society decided to make a collection of stories of personal experiences of non-U.S. citizens during Construction Days by means of a contest. This contest was publicized in local newspapers, by notices in the food packages given to Disability Relief recipients, and in newspapers in the Caribbean area. The following letter was sent to a total of 15 newspapers in Jamaica, Barbados, British Honduras, Trinidad, Antigua, St. Vincent, St. Lucia, and Grenada: "The Isthmian Historical Society is trying to collect the personal experiences and viewpoints of those West Indians who served in the labor force that dug the Panama Canal. Very little has been written by them or about them. Soon it will be too late to obtain personal accounts. In the hope of making a permanent record of their experiences during the construction of the Canal, our Society is sponsoring a competition for the best true stories of life and work on the Isthmus of Panama during the construction years. It would be much appreciated if you would assist us in publicizing our competition. I am enclosing a separate sheet with the information for this." The information sheet: "The Isthmian Historical Society announces a competition for the-best true stories of life and work on the Isthmus of Panama during the construction of the Panama Canal. The competition is open to West Indians and other non-U.S. citizens who were on the Isthmus prior to 1915. Entries may be handwritten but must be legible. Anyone who is infirm may have his story written for him by someone else, but in this case it must be stated on the entry that it has been written for him in his own words by someone else. Give name, address, year arrived in Panama, where employed there, and type of work done. All entries must be in the mail by November 1, 1963. The winners will be announced in December. All entries become the property of the Isthmian Historical Society. First prize will be: $50 (U.S.); second prize: $30 (U.S.); third prize: $20 (U.S.)…” Brief notices of the contest were placed in several thousand food packages ("Food for Peace" packages have been distributed monthly by the Panama Canal Company-Canal Zone Government). These notices read: "Competition -- For West Indians & other non-U.S. citizens who worked on the Isthmus before 1915. For the best true stories of life & work on the Isthmus during the Canal construction there will be awarded prizes: 1st PRIZE: $50; … Give year arrived in Panama, kind of work & where, name & address. Write of interesting experiences & people, living & working conditions, etc… The Entries: The majority of the contest entries were handwritten. In some cases the handwriting was difficult to read. In making copies of the entries, it occasionally was necessary to omit an undecipherable word, leaving a blank space to indicate the omission. Although an effort was made to reproduce the letters exactly as they were written, it is probable that there are errors. However, they will detract little from what these Old Timers wanted to say. It should be remembered that these letters were written by individuals who labored on the Isthmus prior to 1915. They are no longer young. Some are handicapped by the infirmities of age: failing eyesight, unsteadv and arthritic hands that find it laborious to form words and sentences, and minds that know what they want to say but communicate it imperfectly. Generally, unfamiliar spellings need only to be sounded and their meaning becomes clear. In cases where the entrants wrote as they speak, there may be dropped "H"8s so that "has" is written "as". Other features of West Indian speech will be noted. As spoken language, there is no English more colorful. Mr. Albert Banister's interesting letter is a good example. The Society is most grateful for all the entries and we regret that there could not be a prize for everyone. Ruth C. Stuhl Competition Editor
General Note:
This text will be used in the Panama Silver, Asian Gold course to be taught at three institutions starting in Fall 2013.

Record Information

Source Institution:
Afro-Antillean Museum
Holding Location:
Afro-Antillean Museum
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution.
System ID:
AA00016037:00115


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Full Text

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-----r .. IINAC .... :-.::. .-:..::."!1 MUS EO AfROANTillANO DE PANAMA .,

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I ---IS'l'ffi.!l!.N SC.CIE'l'Y ryt: Tli:;;: BEST TFUE STOFIES OF LIFJ;: AND \rCiFK vli THE lST"tUilii.: OF FA!Wl.A DUniNG THE CON:..:TRUCTIOH l'F 'l'HE FANA.H.4. CANAL ;.-. : .. _, ,. ..... .. ,..,. --' .... .... I This mo.terial is "the property of the_ Isthmian Historical Society and may .not be reproduced without the pe;rmission of the Society. .. .. : .. .. ':. I ::-. '-' .. ;t \

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-l r .? > .; -THE CONTEST :.m 1963, as the 50th anniversary of the opening of the Panama Canal drew near, the Historical Society decided to make a collection of stories of personal experiences of nonu.s. citizens durine Construction Days by means of a contest. This,.contest v.a.s publicized in local newspapers, by notices in -. the food packages eiven to Disability Relief recipients, and in nel'lspapers in the Caribbean area. The follo1ving letter lms sent to 1J. total of 15 newspe.psrs in Jamaica, Barbados, British Honduras, Tr.inldad, Antigua, .. Vincenti St. Lucia, and Grenada: "The Isthmian Historical Society is trying to collect the personal experiences and vlewpointa of those .'I/ est Indians .who. ,., ; .. ... .. served in the labor force that dug the Panama Canal. Very llttle has been uritten by them or about them. Soon it ".till be too late to obtain personal accounts. In the hope of I!laking,.a permanent record of their experiences during the construction of the Canal, our Society is sponsoring a compstition for the best true stories of life and.work on the Isthmus of Panama during the construction years. It would be much if you would assist us in publicizing our compaition. I am en-closing a separate sheet vrith the information for this." The information sheet: "The Isthmian Histcrical Society announces a competition for thebE1st true stories of life and work on the Isthmus of Panamc. durine; the construction of the Panama Car.ul. The cow pet it ion is opsn to West Indians and other non-U.S. citizens who wore on the Isthmus prior to 1915. Entr:ies may be handwritten but must belegible .. Anyone who is infirm may have his story Hritten for him by someone else, but in this case it must be statsd on the entry that it has been l'lrit ten for him in his own words by someon& else. Give name 1 address, year arrived in Pano.ma, }'lhe1e employed there, and type of work done. All entries T.ust be' in thG rnail by november 1, 1963. The winners will be announc od in Dec ember. All entries become the .,,. of the Isthmian tlistorical Soci,ety. First prize \'1111 be:. li-50 (u.s.); second prize: $30 (U.S.,); third prize: "020.,. (u.s.). ..." ., ., ---.. ----!

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Brief notices of the conteet ere olc.ced in several thou sand food pa.cltages ("Food for Fc:ace" have been distributed rnonthly by Pan2.ma Cc.nal Ccmpany-Ce.nal Zone Government). These notices read: "cc;ti'ETITICN -For ilest Indians & other non-u.s. who worked on the I Gthrnus before 1915. ?or the best true stories of life & v10rk on the l8thmus during the Canal construction there l-Till be e.wu.rded prizes l 1st PRIZE.: i/50; Give year arrived in Panama, kind of worlr & where, nn.me & address. Write of interestin!? experiences & people, living & vlorking conditions; etc. TH:E ENTRIES ,. ,. The majority of' the contest entries were handwritten.:;'.tn some cases the handi:riting Has difficult to read. In making copies of the entrirs, it occasionally was necessary to omit an undecipherable word, leaving a blank space to indicate the omission. Although an effort l/2.8 made to reproduce the letters exactly as they were written, it is proooble that there are errors. Hov1ever, tney will detract little from" these Cld T irners wanted to say. w\; .... -t It should be re:;embered th<>.t these letters were written by individuals who labored on the Isthmus prior to 1915. They are no loneer young. Some ttre handicapped by the infimities of age: failing eyesiz,ht, unsteady c.nd artb.ri tic hands that find it laborious to form \tords and and minds that know Hhat they vmnt to s!.'.y but communicate it imperfectly. Generally; unfamiliar spelling'. need only to be sounded and their meaning beco:nes clear. In cases where the entrants l'l-rote as they. speak, there maj' be dropped"H"tls so that "h:.s" is written "as". Other features of \!est Incian speech Hill be noted. As spoken lang uage, there if' no Bn13lish :nore colorful. !1r. Albert Banister's letter is a good exaople. The Society is most erateful for all the entries and weregretthat could not be n prize for everyone. r:uth c. Stuhl Competition Editor"' I I I I I I

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CONTEST ENTRANTS .-. J ,-l'c >. i 'l:l ... __ .. tl"" :; Peters, Albert; let prize; born Nassau, Bahamas; ; George H.; 2nd prize; Barbados; 1909. to Suazo, Alfonso; 3rd prize; Honduras; 1902 Alexander, Arnold N.; ?; 1909. Alleyne, Herbert; ?J 1908. 1 Allick, Helon I.; Trinidad; 1913. ... .. :f. 1 Archbold, Hendrix H.; Old Pr-ovidence, Colombia; _;' ..,....., Ashby,. James; 7; 1909. v:; Austin, ?; 1905,.,/ 5 Banister, Albert; St. Lucia; ,, Beckford, Reginald; Colon. 1 Beckles, \lesley; ?; 1913. 3 Belerave, Allan C.; ?; -1905. 3 Berisford, G. !Htchell; Barbados; 1909. 1 Booth, Charles; ?; 1911 .. ,.. (Bowen; 'Samuel N. i Barbados; : .. I Boyce, Clemen C.; ?; 1909. 1 Bramble, Manley; ? v.2 Brewster, Joseph; Bar-bados; 1906. Lessep 0.; :Panama. Brownie, Norton; ?; 1906. Bunting, Isaiah; 7; 1910. Burton, Eutace; ?; 1899. 5 Butcher, ,John Os;[ald; Barbados; 1906. samuel; Car'llichael, Leslie; 7; 1907. 1 carr, Handel; ? i 191H Chambers, Robert T.; Jamaica; 1913. Chase, Leonar-d A.; ? ; 1906. 1 Citronella, St. Justo F.;' 7; 1907. f Clarks, Aaron; 7; 1906 Amos E.; I'an:uua. 'Clarke, Samuel; ?; 1909. ; Clarke, Wesley; 7; 1911j 1 Clayton, H. B.; Gorgona. James G.; Barbados; 1906. ; Couloote, !-:rs. i'lo.ry; St. Lucia; 1903. I Daniels, Roberts.; ?; 1906. :., De la Rosa, Isaias Antioco; ? 1 Doglaea, Bersfored; ?; 1906. 2 Dottin, Alfred E.; ?; 1909. E.; Jamaica; l9iH ... .. arrived 1906. 1907 i I I .-., .... .i ., .I -:

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I: I Finrt; Enos Augustus; ?; 1905. J-":ufus Ed1-1ard; Trinidad; 1910. : Fox, Joseph H.; ?; 1910. /f Garcia, Francisco; r:;.nama: ../'-Gard,, Joseph H.; Barbados; 1906 :. Garner, John; Barbados; 1908. 1 Geore;e, Augustus; ?; 1911/ 1 Gittens, Thomas B.; Barbados; 1905. 1 Green, Prince George; 7; 19097 1 Bertrand Emilien; ?; 1905. v{ Headil.ey, l't.rs. Albertha; ? 1 Hermon, Peter; Barbados; 1905. 1 Hibbert, Isaiah N.; 7; 1911. t; Hodges, George; 'I; 1906. "Holder, Everton :t-1.; ?; 1905. 1 Holligan, John A.; Barbadds; 1906. 1 Hughes, Joseph Theophilus; ?J 1906, 'Hunt, Clifford; ?'; 1906. ..... :t Hu"ssey, Brandt; Jamaicai 1909. ,:'.James, Frederick; Antigua; 1907. 1 Joseph, Jacob; Antigua! 1909. ,'' Kavanue;h, Lancelot A; Jamaica; 1905. 5La1son, Dan1elT.; Jamaica; 1906. 1 Leacock, Joseph; Barbados; 1906. .: LeCurrieux,. Jules E.; Barbados; 1906. .:< Ler1is, James A.; Antigua; 1906. j Lucas, Rufus C.; Jamaica; 1913. I Lunchs, Ange Julienne; l-lartinique; 1906, \17 McDonald, Philip; Grenada; 1908. / l-1cEnnis, Luther; ? ; 19011. J McKenzie, z. H.; Jamaica; 1906. J.lark, John Thomas; 7; 1907. -' Marshall, Joshua; 7; 1909. /;;Nartineau, E. Grenada; 1912. Nay nard, llanas sah; 7; 1905, 1 Herch<>.nt, J. T.; 7; 1910. ::. :1-U tchell, Alfred; Jo.maioa; 190.!J. 1 Moore, John A.; ?; 19l.!J, 1 tlorgan, George ;/.; Jamaica; l90o. 1 John; ?; 1912 .loloses, Chllrles; St: Lucia; 190.!J. 1 Paily, Henry; ?; 1905, Parkinson, Consto.ntine; I Parks, Amos; Barbados; Panama. 19l.!J 0 ... )' ,, -I "! I I i I I i I --:-.'. "":!,.., .. ..

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i I i '. '.. 2. Peters, Geore:e; DOlninica, B. ",I. I. ; 1908. 1 Phillips, Arthur E.; ?; 1912. ,. Plummer, Enrique; Gor13ona. Prescod, John F.; Barbados; 1905, Richards, John Alty;nan; Jamaica; 19_14. I .. : Riley, T. H. i ? i 1909. ,. .\ I ';Robinson, Samuel A.; ? 1 Rodrigues, Nicolas; ? .zRouse, Joseph; ? ; 1905. .. ,: .. 1 Ruiz, Obdulio; 1; 1910. -. Sailsman, Philip Millard; Jamaica; 1910. .2 st. John, Clifford; Barbados; 1905. Sanchez, S!lvero; ?; 1908. ) Simmons, Edgar LlewEllyn; Barbados; _1908. 1 Smith, Samuel A.; Ju.maica; 1912. 'Smith, James F.; 1; 1906. : Thomas, Chr.rles i>!.; St. Lucia; 1913. ... .' : Thomas 1 Donald X.; 1 : : 1 Thomas, Fitz H.; Barbados; 1905. ;; -,_. ., .!: ... ,. Lf Waisome, Jeremiah; Dluef1 elds, Nicaragua; :Webb, Samuel; St. Vincent; 1907. Castilln M.; ?; 1906. 1 ',-lest, Alonzo F.; ?; 1 Wheatley, Simeon T.; 1; 1907. :; \"lhite, EdHard l!.dolphus; Jamaica.; fWilliams, James A.; Jamaica; 1910. ... ':1895 or 1896. -: .... : ., 1 I I '.;. ., ..

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;'. .,, NOTES Bodega -storehouse or Brass, brass check B piece of bl'aBs bearing an identification n'..lrnber. Deads -bodies, dead persons. Disability Relief retiree of the non-U.S. citizens who worked during the construction years Here not eligible for U.S. Government pensions. The U.S. Congress would not appropriate funds for this purpose but eventually did provide for a system o!' relief payments for those disabled eo:;:>loyed. This in practice means that those old not eligible for a regular pension became el1c:ible for the disability relief payments by signing a statement at the time of their retirement that they had become disabled. As of June, 1964, the maximum monthly payment was U55: .and many,,./"'"' receive less. .-, .. Gold & Silver -"Gold" desie;nated American (or, generally, 11h1te) employecBl "Silver" decignated non-Americans (or, e;enerally, colored employees). Land license -For a number of years the Zone authorities permitted employees o.nd t':etired "employees to use certain unused lands for residence and/or A license was issued for each piece of land so used and it \vas common to .refer to the land itself as a "land license." Scarfle, scuffle scaffold. Stransfor -transfer. Terra, toara, etc. -Tore Feint. Austinl p.2 The doctors & nurses perhaps lacked tropical but qualified in their professions. p.3 "railroad tiles" -ties. p.1 i "gates" e;ates of the canal locks. Banisters "Colored AIJericans, etc." -Actually, it was felt that to brins lErgs numbers of Aoerican Negro laborers to Panama ;.;ould create e. labor problem in the southern u.s. p.3 umangro" manerove. p.5 -"castro'' -not Castro, mcnt of day. of course, but the govern.. .,. j j :] ; :1 :I i I '! I :, I I I .I i .,, :j I I : i

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j I ..._ I .. : i .! :I i I' ,. : .. i:'"" I Beckford! ''Bottle'' -Bottle Alley in Colon. p.6 "dioadvanta.ge" -should be "advantage." p.lO "Frank" Harry A. Franck, author of ZONE FDLI.O:i!:i-UIIJ 88 and othr books. Berisfordl "sirvice" -service (toilet). ''adds" -adze. p.3 "johncrows" buzzai'ds. carmichael: "lions" "tigers" -the only lion in Panama is the puma or mountain lion; there are no tigers but the ocelot and jaguar are both often called "tiger" locally. "blaokfever'' blackvrater fever. Clarke, A. E. 1 "Dorothy Looking Batch" -Dorothy Luchenbach, Headley: "mongosse" -mongoose, but there are. nona in. Panama. Hussays "Silver City" -renamed Rainbow City. Jamess "mould" earth. : I i Martin: "bretts" -breadths. The commissary book consisted of a continuous length of paper, aocordian !oldad.,
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.. 9 I -----Peters, Albert; c/o United }''rult Company, Cristobal, C.Z. I was born in if::>.snau February lOth 1885 (a Carpenter by trn.de). One dc.y while rca<"tls rc:.d j_t over e.nd h'G suecast::d to tC".l;e a trip over. \le \'Jere P.ll fo:' r.o:no adventure o.nJ experience. :'1y pc.:::-ents ':IG!'e. the itlen.. :l'hey told me uborJt the Yellow Fever, f.lnd pox that 1nfeste'1 the place but I told them th.::.t l ant! ;r,,v pals ::tre just e:.oin(; to see for our sAlves. ',,'ell 1-113 arrj.vcd in Colon August 31st 1906, I 1as 21 / years and thore l c;ot my f1rot r.urprise, board lrc.lks for streets. \'/13 ;;1oved mounJ. tho pluoe a couple of days then took the trc.l..n for T!l.bern5.lla Hbr;re t\h>y had ju:'lt nturted the new relocated 'tracl,. l cot a job ns a straw bose 1rith 30 men. Grndine; I Jmmr nothint; aboift n. railroad, hut bein(; a carpenter I lme1-1 11hat c;r-nding HHS. Th<:? big bose uas u man ru;.1:HJd Joyce. / iiow here HO.s. my second surprise. ,.;y nic;; clotilGS and shoes / that. I bro\isht WUS not for down here in the rain and mud. .I 1-1118 ashamed to e;o lJnck as I hFtCi e pent all the money I had so I made up my mind to face it. I solt1 all my clothes, my blaclc derby, took the ;;;oney nnu bc1ught bl.tj'l top boots and blue junsree suits then I started on th:ent baci: tc Hork. In ::mother 15 days I Hac back in t!;cre c.c.:::.in 8 dayo thhl tb1o. ;1hen I caTile out I found that ::y p.ls hj{ hall left f'0r Colon, so I Ci.ecided to get out of thc.t muu and r;:cin myself. 'l'hG l;;.tt.?r pa.rt of November 1 IH:nt to Colon an.! fc.und one of n:y !JalR Horltl-ng .. in -:t.1Je corral, ho told me the c, ;;rl.n I tL'ld !'!:ua I don't like Horl:ing 1:-rou!lJ ;r:ulc:;. Tiwj c.re bn.d. D.J:d can't be trusted. / They didn't ;c.we ;;.ny respect for 0ur GavvUl', you thinlc v of ms. l:ny\nJ.y VG'Y easy to i:JE leu I. toolc the job just feedlns thee antl. oats. !St er one .mnth I got used to ttlen tL.o other fellm-;s haJdlc tilc:n I decided to drive:. 1'hey guv;; me a b:l.t3 achGs color on
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l _,. Peters, A. -p.2 re10embered my parantc plert not to f!O. /\.bout 2 A.H. the third morning I was oure ro:::.st inp; 11i th fever, I Bn\-1 an Ordely place a screen e.round my bed. It Nas e. oayinc; around that when you are poorly tho,y screen you round and the doctors cut you to see v1hrtt is re:..lly v1ronc. Ar; sic:: r.ts I H:>.s I said to myself no opero.tincr, on ,,,e. inJOn the Crdely cP.mc back he took off my o.nd plnced 'lle on a rubber sheet I 1raa stark naked on the bod, !lic:c but rr,n.r-e arri11ll cottaces close to bo:,.rd 1-mll: suddenly a nelISJXIper blev: from betl'leen thon e.n l'loppoci over. the mule' FJ head nnd fac.e, he reared 2.nd jumped sidNr::>.ys, the risht uhea;:l went off the bonrd 1-m.lk than capGizod, threr/ rae riEht in n Noman'a front door I mc.nage to cot up c.nd cut the 13irth with the help of some others who 1-rcre ::>.round pot the mule out of the mud. Well that 1ms experience :lncl tho lnnt for me and mules. II fel-r Heeke later a frio;;{ of 1nino 2 mules nhiod on a bridge at 9th and D street Colon, evGrythlng 1ent over in the rniddy ;.rater both mules dro1med before they could rescue them. 1 liift the corral, (:;at a Job as camp watdunc>.n for the con tract 1nen \lorlcill on Pior 11 stayed on that job 13 months until they 1".11 left for their homos in 1901:3, LVc;ry man who uorked for tl.Je l'i::C: or tho I .c .c. anr1. lived in tho camps had to have a lodcin;: ch<)c)c '-:ith month n:1d date That l'lftS to keep non emplo.vees cut. j.Jo:;r_y(l:>.y the t.l:nGkecper would iBsue them alone with tho '1C'\l ::; 0c:.h: fl. dn.y for at the Jcitchons. If <1.nyow: H:1.s founc1 in the camp .-,itlJOut a lodGing ticket, h'd have to t.ell tilo .Jucl:-.e .-1hy ro.nd the.tl'; where it enda 1iith n 5.00 f'ine.. Every eveninr: ;>.round li :::;0 one could see ii5 engine with a hox cnr :,.n
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.. Peters, A. -p.3 deaths were from pneunonia P.nd malo.riu, come from accidents. There 11ere no Yello'.-1 fever c.t that time that I knew of. If you had a f1iond that you nl;mye see B.nd missed him for a week or t1-10, don't 1-ronder, he'o eitht?r in the hospital or e.t Honkey Hill restinG in peace. I tbok c. trj.p home orcnt 5 ;,;onl.hr, f.!.nd returned in Febru o.ry ,wrkn'l on Fier 11 c.s r-. co9per lli months then \vent 2.t Gatun tooJc a ,iob cuttinp; steel for reinforements didn't stay too long eVO'j'd:>.y rr:.in nnd J:ad to Nork in it for 10 per hour. :;.'hile on this job I m2.de up my r.:ind to go over on the other side, I rr;membered that I'd need a Com missary hook so I ordered 2. .j\5,00. In tllose days you had to have in more time than the value of tlte boolr to get it. I received thO boolc in the morning worked the Hhole day and never >Tent back to 1:ori: or even for the fel/ cents in 1910. Then I IHlDt over i'.Jld Nor ked as a diver lfydro.ulic-Excavat in, w01"ked there until job ,.,.as fininiled 2 ye3.rs. That was at ltdro.:!bres. Before that I lmd ,:or ked a feiT ;;;onths on La Boca docks. 'l'hH.t work at :-iiraflores consist eu of Concrete-Bares could float, each lw.s a cuct ion pump and o. discharge pipe line then 6 inch Nozzels cutting dom the banks and rmsning the silt tol-lard the. b?.rges Hhich dw:1ps it out in Blmrnps P .. nd low lando. ll<:rl is eomethin(' tlmt couldn't happen today. It wns one operator, one oiler and 4 divers on each barge it wasntt necessary for s.ll four divers to g,o overboard at the same time. /l.s the shift ltn.s 8 hours made an o.greement for ench man to C:ii ve 2 hours only, only unless its so;nethi ng very heavy for him to brinG up then everybody will a hand. 'fhe operator didn't :nihd c:.s long as he ;;:ot the suction. cleo.r. Well this :rnrticul[lr day payday,. the pay car was on the other si.de of the !Jnnk payin:> The ruling wao, if you don't yet your pu.y \'I hi lo the p3.y car \'/aS on the road, you couldn t c;et it until 1 t hc.B finished, theu e;et it at the fl.drninistration Bu.llllinr; in Ancon: The other laen r-;ot their pay, they went ncros,; the bridr'e '.-Thich .-:as o.bout 100 yards do,m the cut. It \::\S my 2 IJOurs shift, o.nd that old pump had rne ov,rhu:'.rd every 3 or iJ '".l.nut ec. ond crass cholcing it. Evorytilne 1 co;-qe u.p I \l".t.r.lo the c:cr on the opposite bank, all of a sud<:en 1 it l1lG1; it8 whic;tle for r;oing, I ran out on the end oJ tll i;:.l;-:' ron:} .::.vGd h:'.ncl:-nnd hollered. / They saH me c:JiLl r;top. :r ;T::>lJ!)Cc; ci'.p ci:,ci-:.::.nd brnsss, check put it in ;:.y :'.nd slid on c. :::'.r: overboard sHam across then h:!d to cllmb a LHJ'uy h.,i,ll o.i)r..ut L10 ft. ,ihen I 17,0t to the top the P.-"Y cnr about ;!o ft. in rront of me I Nr!S so exhausted the policeman tool' ny ct!p ,nd ;,elped me in the car thGre my pay in front of :ne on the counter. 1 wo.s as naked as I carne in this world, except for my c3.p and B2.lbous and the last

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:\ I :j i .! 1 I -Martin, GoorE:e 11.; c/o Fit.z li. B:Jrton, nox 466, l3fl.lboa Heic;hts, C.Z. or c/o American Hed Cr9ss, Box 322, Dalboa Hei:-)lts, C.<:. On arriving on the Istllm,,s, h:J.d been like a nev1 world, leaving my native lo.nd on .-\ucust 27th 1909. After renchinc tho I cth,.,uo, I 11<:re taken off the boat on the evening of September J909. \"le 1rcre on the train that night, I SfAY 1e ref fering to those \Tho I tant, / GVcry man in the 1ere c1 ven a book for .50 so from there 1-1e started on our onn, oo centle'nen I Till not hesitate to let you bo1v, 1;e felt hD.DP.V! ;,\2. 50 hook ha.d been plenty in those dny8, the-y iJel"e in 5 c Em to bret t8, to 2.50, 1 t 1as called the tango the spent 1ould be torn out, our lunch mootly in those days 1;ere bre9.d, sardine, and ice l I cream, and at times for a chunr:.e, Hould have bread, cornbeef-hash, and never forset our ice-cream, I arn say'ine; ().ere it was refreshing. \/e worked hard, but cheerful, I can .. .. ,. :,, ..... .... -...... --";' ...

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( '( l l I l ) l 1-lu.rtin, G. H. -p.2 assure you, our .boss never h;J.d any worries, he onlJi:,says whE'.t he wanted, and it was done Continuin!'" 1rith the book ]f we. orCl.er q ;'s.oo book, and in a day or two and that book doGs not up, you o.re told to order aeain So;netirnen both orders 1ould mc-ot, and 1e 1-1ould 11ave tv1o book, ;110.00 \;hat to do 1ith .:'10.00 in those days? Here is a story, it caught me once. I bc.ur;ht some of eyerything, shoes also, to do mmy 1-1ith it, f'-10.00 Hould not finish. I bought a ham, at that time it look e.s bie; ao I 1-1ere, I paid ;$2.21, taH:ins about ham, real lean, I took ham to work every day in order to h:1ve it finish, my asnociate o.nd I ate ham for days. I don't think about hum these days its too hie;l1 in price, now it in for the other fellov1. (Next thine I should talk c. bout) is the flour, in I. C. C. days boue:ht flour by the gallon, not the pound, I can't remember renlly if there ho.d been any 2 lb. or 4 lb. but what I do kno1, that 1 paid ill. 27 for a 5 e;allon pan of flour each time Ne buy. Cne day my ansocio.te 1-rent to the Corney and. so many tina v1ere sold, the cashie>r seen to forcet the 'L27, but he sure to collect at least 27 cent, of 1.27 which li<".S a real b::n cain, so I still call construction days Honderful do.ys. We 1rere p::tid lOc :per hour, and 1-10rk 9 hours a day, eiving us the c>.mount 9f 90 cent d!!.ily,_over time pay WlB doubled can't t<.lk about it, for e,t times it 1-ras plenti-ful, I been in a cane;, I co.n remember I turned to 1vork ut 7 o'clock this morhine and d.re;r off seven o'clock next morning,' the boss, Johnson, comes up, "Now boys, I lmow you all ure tired, bi.lt_.r.;o hor.Je, a.nd c:et a little sleep, <:>.nd come back in to vrork at one o'clock, he c;le, but it uaa done cheerfully, and faithfully; thuB c;ivinf the Atnericl'!.n people their he.d to much rotten treEs ck-spider. So we uere very careful, and we did met with tham plentiful. .,. 'I lr

PAGE 16

Hartin, G. H. p.3 "Man while bleeding mortals ever groan, List to the wails and anguish of their tones; Men 1ihO did yield to doubtfulness retire And. failure marked them in its s euring fire. n Ambition -About the fever The fever lashed good and plenty. Sometimes vmlking on the Monte-Lirio Stretch, you meet men coming and going in each direction, in a sudden you look, a Eang together, something happen, 1hat? One or two of the gang on the ground flatten out, before help reaches, one dead long time, no more of him, thank God. Hartin still battleing along.; in those days, you watch men shake, gentlemen, you think they would shake to pieces, these days are healthful days, The authorities did work on the malaria, they sent men around day after day rlith a colored looking liquid, the men 1ould shout, come on boys, drink it up. Sl>eet at first, but bitter in the end, many men was afraid to drink, but I drank it good heart, for the authorities did not mean to kill, their aims to revive} this liquid lias quinine, so they put a pretty color to it as a catch, so it catch me, for it did me good. Rain fall -When you are going to to.lk about rain, please refer back from 1909 &: 10 \"Then 1-1e worked in rain, just as if it were sun; here is something to note, 1hen we reached the Stretch on the way to Gatun, after lattving Honte-Lirio, it rained for days through, day and night. We had a white bose whose name waDe Atkins, a young loolcing fellow at the time, the rain beat him, it turned us people almost white, but our boss, it brought him like 1ihite Calico, I mean for it v1as no use stop v/Orkine;, all of us 1ere in the .rain, we turned to work in rain, go to lunch in rain bn.ck to 1;ork in rain, we used to go to the bathroom in the morning, and put on the same clothes every day, can't mention everything, since it is eo much along this line; Going all the way, being a carpenter prentice boy when I left my home Barbados, I then were given a hammer, and rule, I VTOrlred then in oullverts, I really can't call my foreman now, but he was a tall man, verj tall. I came baclt from the culberts, Hhen the steel rail were laying, all "this is still on the re-location," the pullings were dropped, then the steel rail ori top of them, we have to spke them up together, the boss's name, we used to call him Old Joe, the colored foreman being a french man, his name was .. ,' I L... I I'"'

PAGE 17

' -=---=-------Martin, G. H. p.4 !-Iorrie, his second were named Victor all french. But took the spiking of the rail, to the pulline;, like a merry-go-round, this 1tere a sight to 1mtoh us work along this lineJ as I said before, "the work was hard, but vie did it cheerfulJ here is the play, v1hen the rail had been spiked to the pulling, no1-1 1 t h<>.s e;ot to be put in pl::>.ce. l!.'Very man \'lith an iron-bar about five feet long, on"B \tould eine;, end vrhile he sings, you watch track line move, "the trane; e;oes, you ball." The white bosses stands off and laueh, the Sone;ster had a song, goes this way, he would sing pe.rt one, or f:Lrst part, and we comes in with the second 'part, it.e;oesl Nattie oh, Nattie 0 first 2nd,
PAGE 18

' Martin, G, H. -p.5 hoepital, and rer.Jained there for six days, and e;iven six small \ihitc pills, after that, I \rene sent back on the job. Hy time keeper \ms a dark by the name of Holder. A e;entleman by the name of 1-1r. 1'/all{er ltaa the general ma.n. Oh I see much in life in thie here country. Life From cares, from strifes, from toil -some ways I come to thee for freedom; o lighten me with cords of truth, Endow me ;rith c;reat Hisdom. Let knowledge from thy livine throne Prevade my inner being Give me the portion of the free -The blessedness of living. Gentlemen, I should not hide this, but every yee.r \then the time comes around, I feels the effect. Tra.velline on1 later, I \1ero placed in a. .gnng, t>-relve of us, and we hand-mixed concrete and built four of those light stands on the e. man by the nn.me of Lenna.n wao the eeneral foreman, we received credit, that was e.ll, but I see the men that just ca:ne in is gl!ven serv1cd this and service that. Anyhow, glad we v1ere able to do it, e.nd I am still alive. Let me say, LiGht of our fe.ith, before thy shrine we lmeel, Print on our minds the stamp of Vict'rys seal; Lands we have served, forever turn their backs, Conquest seems far, but ue will scale the_tracks. "Talking about tlle Hater coming into the Cut" \fuile .ke it for a joke. I personnlly would say to my fellO'rl men, that could never happen, my childrEn ':/auld come and h.9.Ve children, and their children come rmd d.o the same, before -you 1muld see water in the Cut, and. most all of us ae;ree on the same. Ilut it did happen a.ccordin13 you I had been a father, for my 1914, running four months later. I must mention, after reflectine to schedule, and i muat tell first child, Janruary 24th Here ie an experience that back to the past, r am i -! j I

PAGE 19

------j j I 0 I n i ij I !-lartin, G H. -p.6 tickled ,.,ith thouE)1ts of frieht, 11e left the cut the Saturday evening, thus returnin5 bnck the Tuesday, the monday being a holiday, we >;-ere at home, nnd >londny, '1-lhen the labor-. train reachGd llnyfim1ers, \re could not bali eve. our own eyes, the train stopped auay off, we could not get near to the place, we had left the Saturday; e;entlemen, this hc"\d been a real surprising Bi[:ht, as far us you could oee around the locks were people l:ike bundles of eticl:s set. up like guard posts, standine; :;.mazed for hours, the bosses would walk around se lecting his men, some of us were placed in death-traps, that. is, we were to seize t1w stumps or body of trees that hlld float on the \later and nail them together like rafts, and you could srrim or not, tHo of us l'IOUld have to get on this and go all in the \-.'ater on the surface and'clean it of all the debris that had float on the water, for the 1-1ater brought up everything to top, except stones; you can figure out the job we had to bring all those things to shore and that "-1lS how the looks wore cleared of its debris; the thing that had me so scared \f!l.S that I could swim but 11ke lead, : _, Since the Panama Canal, the growth of prosperity and comfortable living, which means bright days, my thoughts ran back to the dark days of the I.c.c. I were only 18 years a school boy, \dth a thinking ability, a voice fl'o:n a great people saying "Hearken ye, people of a different tribe, Let not your heart be troubled, and so 1te were invited; at this age vr1th the others I e.ccopt ed, for this people, no other than the American people promised strong proteotion, and so I father and mother, brothers, and relatives, away in the land of the Indies, in the 1-rest, and ce.me to this strange land now 5il years e-c\o, still with a great heart for the same people I served before. I never mention about snakes, short jacket, this fellO\f llhen he liehts on you, don't feel him until he is setting ready to quit and "rlhen he do fly of! nothing but blood oosing out. The next fellow vm.s tho goosye.na f.ly, \>'hen he stings, he leaves worms in the flash, One day about mid-day we a snake about six inches round, and about 15 feet long at a distance, all \"fe had was shovels to the attack, but he looked :norE than us, so we bid him good b'lY in the buoh, Another time, I 11ere sent to fetch water for the men to drink, and the same place I go were five snnkes the o=e place in the \tater, if they had made an attack on me, they trould certainly harm me for I just couldn't move, I was so frighten, eo see me; they went their vray, and so I dip up my water, the same place; the water we drank in those de.yo in tho bush had been the same that every _reptile :--, 1 I 1 I i L ... -------------------'-1

PAGE 20

/'I Martin, G. H. -p.7 drank, sometimes we had to boil it for it to tuste good. Then here agga.n, I remember the soap ,,as only 4 cents a bar, but it would take a. 11oruan hand like Goliah to hold it, it IillO so big, not like today. The bread 3 to 4 each. Cod f1eh 4 to8; per pound, the boot; suca.I' by th3 25 lb:.> bag, I try to. remem ber the price, 1t had been (i1,00 on}.y, I dent ,.,ant to go very lli th pl'f cee, but I think I 11111 ouota a IDOl'e. I boue;ht Qu:.ker oa.ta at the tin, now it is over 29; corn meal, 3 the pound, corn 10 to 11 the tin, matches 5$i pack thia \'las called the Parrott matches; the biscuits, this is tertDEd now bard bread, vre paid 6 to 8; the oound: St. Charles evaporated milk, lt>.r5e aize, 9 the tin, the condenee 10. tin, balls, box :;. Something to \.;ear, in those days lfe boucht pants uo lo1.; as ;,11.00, silk shirts, the popUlur wear, we took adv11nte.ge of this item, in those days paid as hiBh BB 2.75, could b'uy a two-piece suit for as hit;.h as (?3,00 & change ao I ma.ke use of these words a.e:ain, construction days \i'ere better -aaya, never to be sean again, the rooney paid small, but 1te live big. So many more things could be mentioned, l'ihich call for more paper. Praise heaven, to the Atnericans, for the Panama Canal, and yet there are a set of people so dissatisfied toda.y, I.aes them but can't call them, this cause me to remember, A set of molatto people at my-home t01m used to cook late in the night, and at times the pot is left open, and the may-bugs flying around would deposit into t.he pot with the soup, so when finish, everybody enjoys a hearty J.J
PAGE 21

0 suazo, Alfonso; Late 63 ce.sa 215, Deccion A de llaria. Eusenia, Chilibre, P.,P. Lei la tira. de papel q ue anuncia la competicion para la v/est Indians, y los no ciudada.nos de los Estados Unidoe, quienes trabaja!nos en el lst:no antes de 1915. La. tira de papal venia c'!.entro del paquete de harina.s, leohe y aceite que el pueblo de los Eetados Unidoe nos dona. Y los fel16i to par la gran proque contribuyendo ca.da uno con au pequeno obolo lo que realmento vio y experiment.o, ee podia eecribir la. historia e;enuinll del canal cl e Pane.JJa. Bueno, ee mi opinion, no ee cual sea el objeto de eeta competencia y einpezare asi: Llegue a Pnnam.?. el 7 de Febrero delano de 1902 en.el eran barco de la Pacific :1ail Steam Ship co. "city or sieney," uncle al este de la isla de Flamenco. De a.lli los fuimoe transborda.doa en un pequeno barco que ee llo.maba 'El Bolivar," al viejo muelle ingles que a.un existe en la aiudad de Advierto que aun ouando lleeue a.qui del puerto de Oorinto Republica de Hicaragua, soy del puerto de Amapala Republica de Honduras (soy Hondweno). Por una aemana vlvimoe mi p!l.drasto y me Madre y yo, en la calla 14 oete, enfrente del cuartel de bo.:ilberos hoy corregiduria de Santa Ana. Despues Pt\Samos a vivir a la Boca. Como mi padrnatro ora piloto de altamar, y consiguio.trabajo como tal en la Zona, nos dieron una casa de alto en el lade de los blancos. La ae llamo deeds donde esta el muelle cuatro (4) que fue conat;ruido por los francesee y que era tan e:r.teneo que au extreme quedaba frente al atracadero de los ferry-boats. Cabian cuatro bsxcos en au del tamano de loa de la Grace Line, como el Santa Cecilia. Viniendo de alli hacia loa diques, los talleres, loa almacenea y aaliendo po::-la puerta del area industrial hacia el cerro Soea era donde vivian los blancoe, Del porton de entrada al area industrial, bacia loa talleres de fund1c1on, y los de madera, y siguiendo hacia el muelle 17, abarcnndo los talleres de pintura, toda .. eca area era comerc1nl. Alli vivian los pa.narne'i'!oa, griegoe ,-chinos, y todo ol que quer!a inclusive los West Indians, Alli r..abain tienda de aba.rrotes de Chinos, Hubian tree tiendae de chinos con cantina y sederia anexa, eran los comeroiantea mas fuertes, A este luear le llamaban Cartagenita. Al otro del cerro Soea. no habia nada, el mar banaba las faldae del cerro hasta el camino gavilan. El terrene era bajo. I ________ ___.

PAGE 22

i J I .. i Suazo, A. -p.2 Hoy ee alto por que fue rellene.do con la tierra que ealio del canal, Inclusive toda eea urea donde eota al fuerte amador hasta llesar a las 1alas de flar.wnco, es tierra del cana.l. l ,. Ya independiente la republica de PanaJ;;a en 1904 llegaron los nortea.mer1canos, Un mea or dee mas o wenos de8pues llegaron los W6et Indians contradtados. Tambien llegaron italianos, (gallegoe) en contrata. La noticia de los trabajos del C9.n?.l, sin dude. s e propago con re.pidez, porque poco P.ubo eente de varioa paises ho4lbre, mujeres y ninos, es dscir familiae enteras y. de todas las clasee soc ialee, porque l->..asta proet i tute.s vinter.on de ultramsr. Omit{ decir antes, que haste. Diciembre de 1903 el gobi&rnoif_ de Fan&ma tenia jurisdiccion en la Zons del Canal, porque la V policia pa.namena guarde.be. el or den. Continuo historia o carta. I.os primeros trabajos que se h1c1eron :fue f'umigar y cortar .. el monte o sanear el lugar. Al mismo que ae llevo a cabo el saniamento en la Zona del canal, ee llevo en 1a c1udad de !!.'an9.me.. Diatribuyeron cuadrillae por las callee cada hombre su escalera y una lata de un galon conten1endo almidon coc1nado para pegar. En el hombre llevaban t1ras de papal de dos metros de largo por tree pulgadas de ancho. Eeto era para pagarlae en las puertas, ventanas, e.gujeroa y aberturas en la pared para evitar que ee el humo cuando estaban las pailas prendidas con a.zufre y alcohol. Si el ed1f1cio era e;r::mde, no usaba..n paile.s de hierro, sino que despues de empapelar el ed1f1-::io colocaban una maquina por la parte de afuera que sum1n1stre.bab el humo de azufre por medio de un tubo que 1ntroduo1an en la puerta por el agujero de la llave. Era tan fuerte la campana de fumigacion que tanto en la Zona del Canal como en la ciudad de Paname. hubo una gran nube de humo espeso ble.ncc de azufre que Pseta las boje.s de loa arboles se enroscaban. Esta operacion duro poco mae o menoe un mes, Por la y todo el ciia to:naban hu'!lo las oas!!,s y por la tar-de las puerte.s era abiertas para desalojar el humo. Al mismo tiempo andaban otras cuadrillas re3istrando las aeuae que la eente e:uardaba en be.rriles para el uso diario, como se encontraban con OJ.bundantes de mosauitos sa las botaban y les dabo. unas tapaderas bien !'&..ER hechae con tela metalica y lee reoomendaban que no dejaran el barril sin la tapadera se pena de multa Otros hombres reeabsn un m&terial blnnco qua parecia rnaeo de maiz blanco, Lo tirahan en los lusaree hu;nedos .o. mojados .. J

PAGE 23

Suazo, A. -p.3 Hc.bian cuadrille.s que lleva.ban unoe tanquecitos a las espaldas con bombcs y por medio de ella resaban un aceite negro donde babie....'1 aguss como a la !llitad del ano de 1904 loo r;ortoa;nericanos prohibieron la. vonta do licores en 1 Zona del CP..nal. ouando entrababmos a tx!J.bajar 1 no d5.ban un vasito llano de un liquido rose.do que t enie.mos que beborlo para evi tar. la o el IXludismo 1 ere. qulnina. Cu?.ndo llose"-nos a este pe.1s1 al mes 1 ca.Lnos con fiebre despues quedamos r<'cibiendo fiebres tercianas, esto es un dia con fiebre y otro dia sin fiebre, basta que nos aclimatamos. A proposito ya que hablo de fiebre. Lei un te:r.:to de historia del Canal de Panruna1 en el cual la sostiene que aqui bubo. mucha fiebre amarilla y que el e:,obierno de Estados Unidos ev.sto ingentles sumae de dinero para erradic?,r diche. enfeTII)ed:-.d. Algunos historiadores exaeeran ya veran ustedes yo recalcare sobre esta Yo sostene;o que por fiebre amarilla nunca dejamoe de tra bajar. Sieillpre escarbando, eacando tierra piedra y lodo del. Canal. No dudo que ustedes hallan 1ecibido ye. cartae en las cuales sostensan qua ac,ui hubo fiebre amarilla comopeste. Yo ent1endo que al escrib1r aetas cartas debemos eer sinceros, lo que vimoe y experimentamos, no lo que nos dijo otro, para que nos consideren me.recedores de alguno de loe premioo. Fiebre amarl.lla son O.os palebras que e:deten en las paginas de la historia1 y tal vsz en l&e mentes de quienee la ese cribieron; pero no en le. me-moria de quienes trate.jamoe el canal. En el lado e.tlantico empazando de:sde Gatun existio uns. fi ebre que le llome.ban ( neGI'aS) en ingles Black Waters. Eeta. fiebre e;!tuvo atacand.o aou1 sn Chilibre en el ano de 1926 y 1927, si mal no recuerdo. Hubo algunos casoe, no pastes. En los dias de la ;:)Onstruccion, no hubo -quo que dijsra1 el vecino de mi lado cctu atncado con amarilla, o que decian hoy Gera enterr!Cdo m1 pc.pa que muri.o de :fiebre amarilla, nd.er los paoientee en el hospital Ancon, contarlee de la fiebre amar1llu cuando ataco en los anos de 1895 en el puerto de Amapaln; Republica ds Honduras. La gent e que nnda.ba por las callas E e .a:prop1nbD.n de un rnalE;dtc.r que los iQposlbilitaba se.cuir car:Jina:ndo. Trataban de .aeirse de ('.lr.;o. Se sent.aban o caian de rodill!ls y luego al euelo. Luego entraban a una coma que duraba de 20. \ I -I L

PAGE 24

suazo, A. p .lJ a 30 minutes y por ultimo urroj.'lban un lio_uido amarillo y finish. Hubo tantoo muertos en co.lles, c;ue el Alcalde ord eno unos ho:obres recocer n los muertos. Los cot;ian y los t:lraban en unas c:.lrretac y los corriendo cc:mEnterio. Alla no habian fosas individuales, lo QUE habia era una sanja de 76 pies de lcugo por 6 Io prcf:.wdid.c.d. Alli los tire.b[l.n sin compasion y e.le:.unos ihan c::si .r:tvos D. ace>.bar de morir a la sanja. Los hacl:J.n asi po.re. acF>.bar con la peste. Esa si fue peste. Alla nadie necesito leer la historic. para saber que hubo fiebre amnrilla en lo. ciudnd. Todos los sobrevivientes prescenciaron el desastre p !JT'e;::..ro.d.on fue pr<::cariu. -L!t construe r:lon del -r:i.voli se llevo' a cabo muy lentarnente. Solo el pr'cner :plso c:stc'.bn construdio. El resto hacia arriba est.:tba Gl1 nrmazon. Vino <'. querie.r total;:Jcnte construldo, es decir, plntndo, decorn.do y con toda su ornr!.mGnt:'ccion de jardin eria., en 1908, a?i'o en quE fu e im1purado. En el die. inacural que no recuerdo la fecha, de las tres L.Jl.. ____________

PAGE 25

suazo, A. -p.5 a. las cuatro de la tn.rde se )Jractico un simulacro de 1ncend1o en el a.ln derecha del edificio, o sea la que esta al norte, En el ultimo piso habi8.J1 coloc8.c'lo un tambor vacio de esos En oue vlene el lulnic:>.nte. En el hr.bin.n coloc::1.d.o alsUna b2.sur:::!. con fuse.o, J.o que munnr FnJcho hu!nO. un ]lo:nore ble.nco VGSt.ido con cN"ison l<.rgo y con una cabellera iJGcba eon. fj.bro.A de !JC-f::!.'s Gsc2.rmen11das, daba la de unn. mujer C}UE' l:li<.bin. EEltado durmiendo' y e;ritaba: :Oi:!:X::px fire! Llee;o un c<'-rro ael cu.re;a soe;a. Trepo la escalera llevn.ndo en el braze la otra que eneancho mBB arriba, y asi BUC681Vumente hasta que ll6gO a la supuesta mujer. Alli amarro el extreme de la nude especial de:elisable, o.securo empujon hacia afvera del edificio .a tierra sin hacerse dane. soe;n ala y sa y de hacer un dicha mujer, ae die un des}.izaron hasta llee;ar Por lo. noche hubo una exibl.cion de fuegos artic1ales en frcnte del Tivoli. Ese lue;o.r donde 96 estacionan loc; cu.rros era un ca!llpo abierto, no habia palmeras, a. alli se a_uemaron los chhetes de lucas de estiloo varies. lll. ultima p:.rte <.le la e:xibi.cion consistio en la cr'm pr6sentacion t1e un cuo.dro rle echo por diez en cual estaba confecc.ionOJ.do con luces !)irotecnlcas, de colores que al pegc;.rle !"ueEo, S6 pre;1dio todo el cua.mericc.m:. curva con pendiente. A ese luger oc lellamo Pueblo.Nuevo. Era este un grupo de casas pertenecientes 2. un AriP.s y otros r1cach..9s de Panama, es todo lo que c.e, por ou.e lo vi, r!?fercnte al 1fivoli y su fronts. Volv.bo.n cnfrente uonde estr-. construic1o el bowling alley, el Comiss:'!.ry y donde esta construido el caserio de Balboa. Desde :alli hast a donde ostn el Club Bouse y el \eatro de Balboa, hasta el meJlcionado ediricio, era donde sembrabamos el --... ---p __ ;_J

PAGE 26

J ----Suazo, A. -p.6 maiz, yuca, can as, macos, tambicn t ensiaz:JOs un pozo. De all1 la escusla me quednba cerco.. 1;:, escuela sataba donde estan hoy los talleres de fundiclon. Los cucldos ETA.n muy be.jos, habian cue.drillas que ganaban cincucntn centavor. (0.50) por d:l.n. En le. division de dragas se e;anaba de cu;:Teilta ::J. cincuentaj dos Dola.res los fogoneros. Los aceiteros 57 .::;o y los marinGros .50. Ese era el maximo. El dia do p\zo era el diez de cada ;Jes en la Boca (Balboa) 1-li tercera noticia en mi concepto es falsa:. Cuando llec;a.b:unoa a le. venttmilla de la vc.c;oneta de pago, el pagador nos dec ia: ponge. el sombrero. Ponia.mos el sombrero y el nos depositab;J. nustro pago en el. Yo siete moneditas de oro de 85 dolaree cada una, y en plata nortea,nericana. Al51mas veces nos pagan con plata. La histcria SG(';ura que se establecieron laG fraees "gold roll" y "silver roll" porque los norteamericanos eran pagados con oro, y los no ciudn.d;o.nos de Esto.dos \..inidos les pagaban con plata. A todos nor; con oro y cuando ibamos a coroprar alg9 a lets t iendas, ptccanos con CJcnedas de oro ya i'uera con monedas de 5, 10 o 25 dolnres oro. Ln. rope., za.patos y articulos de pr:lJnera necesidad sran bo.ratos aqui mi tercera noticia erradz.. 'V En 1905 cu!'..drj_llas de espanoles limpiaron toda esa area de Field. Entabi1 cubierta de 'blsgstacion marina o rnane;le. En ese ;uismo ano y principios de 1906 empezaron a lirnpiat el cerro SoRa, en eeta faena trabajaron natives, en ese mismo ano ernpezaron a rellenar la laguna que se formaba con la creciente de la marea todo. esa P.rr,a que hoy se llama "Fort Clayton" t.ambien el fuer-t. c Amador, Balboa y la Boca. 'foda ln. tierra y picdro. quE se _extra.jo del Canal sirvio para rellenar csos lu5arcr. que .n al cn.na.l en forma de escalerilla o z1e;-zaG Los tr-enes ere.n. comc;uestcs de diez.,i a trece carros de balastre, y Gr<'.n tirades por des locomotoras una delante y otra detrr..s. Habla doe cl:<:-es de carros. Unos pc'l.ra desoare;as tenian cadonas de ambos lados y Re vir::.b::w de ctw.lquier lado. L9s otros a ran carros mas lrcr()OB y t en:l.cm p.,'1.red de un solo lade. El ludo que no teniet pared ern. por donde cuia la

PAGE 27

Suaz.o, A. -p.7 tierra al paso dGl ar.:o.clo. El arado er.:-. un n.rado EiGante que ocupaba todo un caro y era el ulti;no del tr<:n. Est e ['.rado Ere< hnlc;.do ror nn2. maqu ina y im gran cfabl e. Al caminar el ar. ib. :1?.ne:ca deccar[c.ban el tren. Despues venia un2. locc,motor::t empujnndo un co.r.ro dos cuchille1.s una de cnda lado ba jD.b:l una y la p.sn.J" por don de habia sido descar5n.da. 13. tierra y q_uedaba a nivel el terreno. Yo empece a trabajz.r en 1908 y siempre tr::.bnje para la division de Dra(;as, en el depertamento de marina. Mi primer trabajo fue "saeoline boy" en une. le.ncha de quince pies. Tra bajaba en la Uil.rd1a de nochs con el supervisor, el sur.G"viaor que trabajo.ba corunie;o de noche eno Frances y ss llamaba };r, Sorrels. El supErvisor que trabajaba sri' la geo.rdia de dia era i!ltro fr:mces llaclo ;;r. Roquebert y el superintendents de la division era un senor norteameric<:>.no que se ll. s E''IJll.na. l-1<1bi8.n tree lanchas con casco de mad ora como do 35 pies de con maquina ds vc.po:r de un. cilind.ro y una ca.leri t01 vertic:>.l, Un!l. se llc.mc::oa .;auretaniu, 1:. otra Inr:uidu y le. tercera Hyacintl1. Yo tr2.baje en 1;. Is,:uidu. ne p?.ne a trabo.jar alli proque con el supervisor solo de noche, y en la lancho. de vapor trabr.:.jabo. nolo ()e_ dia. La obl:.e;2.c ion de o::;ta ln.ncjta er2. llGvar-los materialea que por :ned1o de los capitP.m:s de d.ragas trapets y los maquinistes. Los n
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Suazo, A. -p.8 J-iabla otra nave que se llaw::tba San3dnd. y de vapor. La tocaba los barcos que llegaban para l.nspedt.c>.r lr. tripulo.ci.on y los paoC\jeros. enfermos era conducidoe a Era mae potents de ultramar, 111 habian 110 er..;t.B.b0. c-n Gf\tG. tt.rea a }(I..S drD.ge.n y tro.pet.s con r.l doe to!' r-o:c eti'.r. r:: DespuEs pane a tro.bajn.r e..l rGmolcrujor n La. Boca" e:rfr y d.esde entoncps me tr2.ba:1"-r nolo en remolcaclorea y en el departamento de JDilf!Uin:cs. Si no era r:;oe,onero, era aceitero, Hahl.11 un vaporc1to p:.recido a aquelloa con que eran equi padoa los hc.rcos de cuerra capit;;.les de Lstados Unidoa, este vaporc1to ce llamo "Le l''etite LuiE;e," :3upe que loa franceses se lo llevaron a y lo desposito.ron en un museu por haber presto.do servicios en tlempo del c::tnal frances. Habio. otra mcve que tsnia una torre muy alta en el centro por r:;edio de 1!1. cval se elevaba una eran peiza de acero que. al soltarla, lle(5alm h:1.sta el pla.n, y desbarataba la roce. que hu.bia en el fondo del esta nave se llamo "Volc::tn." Tambien en el clapet i.'S y en el //f3 en este ultimo trabaje ma.s porque en el era piloto me JX'ldrastro. Era gi'iego. y se llamaba Jore;o 5u.ris: En las dragas como ero.n del sistema de baldes acoplados, teniamos los mari.neros un tiempo en que trabajabamos muy duro. L3. drasa se movia ha.cia acl.el:.<.nte y hacin1., atras y a babor y a estribor por medio de cadenas que tenian sus anclas en el b11.nco cua.;odo h:>hi.:o. que :nov(r las anclas hacia adele.nte un clapet en rr.area llena tl.0jctbn. c2.ei su a.ncla doncle se encontro.ba la de la drat;n, la izRJ,s. y ln. enc2.mj.n:::.be. mas adelante, segun los lndi c<'-ra ;,;r Poqu ehert e 1 s "T'erv i.Ror. C1w.ndo el c?-'nbio do lo.s anclas se hn.cia en marea seca buen ibe.moo <:'.1 bmco sin ze.patos con los pantalones arrolla.dos lmsta la:; rodill!J.s nos colocnb<:.:nos a lo largo de la eadem'. cuyos eslv.honos sr:.cn de c1neo pulr:;adas, r.JGd1anoe:. A una cola voz hn.ciD.illOS la cnd.ena la levantamos y corriamos bacia dela.nte y la d.eje..1nmos c.:J.Er, denpues que todos los que eramos veinte, levrmtab.:J.:c;os el ancla y la llebal.lamos ho.cie. e.uelante y asi hac i
PAGE 29

ct [ I "' 9 .... uazo, A. p. tea, abarroterie.a con sederin e.no:as, panc.derias, fabricaa de as;uas gaseoaas. Habia un banco el cuc.l espanolea e i talianos y todo el que queri2. hacer un giro, lo hacie Tnmbien hubo ruedr.. de caball:l toe ( mGrry-e;o-round) donde la gente se divertia. ) El comercio estuvo alli en Culebra y en EmpGrador como en la avel'ii"da -ce'nt:Cal' de .. I:n .;:;;iip(.pador-hJ.bia un purqu e. Tambien en esoa
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Como fue la explosion yo no ce, tnmpoco vi la explosion, pero si vi los ;Jlataforr,Jas cart.:.aclac de pedazos de seres hUJ:Janos. En el uno de 1914, y a
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hlexander, Arnold' N.; c/o Vine ent A. Harrison, Box 1304, Colon, R.P. I came to Pane.me. or. the. Roye.l Hnil the Attratc on the first of Aue;ust 1909, on su!lG.ay morn1ng. I landed in Colon, the place unsanitary, no good stroets, nor houses, I took the evening train from Colon to Culebra, the pls.ce o:r my destination, At that time it was the I.c.c. In the early part of September, I got a job in the chief ensineir office as blue printer helper, under r-T. A. B. Nichols ''ho \ms office enginier in charge o:r the draffting department at time After I quit in Dec e;nber 1912 I 'xent and work with the hydroghafic section gaicin on the lake under F. D. Wilson. I was gaieing at Empire bri5e e.cross th& canal vJhen the President blast the dam at Gamboa thrue conection with the cable from: ,, .. 'fl's.shington; 'in 19ll! October \;hen the water came in the cut, I work for that divit1on until 1918 December. I start to vJork vlith the m2.rine divi tion and navie;ation under Capt. F. Keriger pilot in charge on the salvaging on light house tending tuga Favorite 2.nd Tabot:;a us relief quater master until I \"las ret ired in 1953 in Narch. Since that to now we h
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' I Alleyne, Herbert; .. 10 St., (,150, Farque Lefebre, Panama, R.P. This is to info:c;n you that I Herbert Alleyne arive on the C.Z. on the 15th day of
PAGE 33

l Alliok, Halon I.; Domine;o Espinar f/35-19, Calidonia Post Offlce, Panama, R.P. I the undersigned Do hereby declare and that I arrived in Panama from Trinidad on the 12 of July 1913 landed in Colon English dock. started to wor.k in Balboa around the Shops as cleaning or mucking on the 14 of July for 10 per hour Sometimes mixed concrete even cleaned the underground tunnel under theses Shops in Balboa. I Has then fancy by .my Boss that he asked me. to chan13e my name and take me on e.s a nelv man at 13 cent, it 11ae eo done for I Has then Henry Thomas. The gang was demolished in which I transfared to the material yard where we cut steal and bend for different places l-!y interesting experiences is our General and constructing Govenor Geothel His and energectical way of the great dam and our living conditions in Box oars and camps and \'ighting v:ith thank & in fighting yellow fever and mosquitoes from place to place \ L....L.----------Your humble servant HEWN I ALLICK disability retiree -

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Archbold, Hendrix H.; General Delivery, Colon, R.P. Incumbent (Hendrix H. /n-chbold) born in Old Providence, on October 17, 1892, arTived on the Isthmus in the year 1907. I started to Nork as a boy 1ith Tom Franstram at Cristobal, C.z. From there to Doci: 13 in the year 1909, working on the "1-!ary S" an seaman with Captain I'erry, taking Harding from Dock 13 to Dock 11. I suffered ereat hardships 1Y1 th malaria fever. The '1-lhole place sv;amped w1 th \If\ ter. People .. rere dying dully with iialaria Fever. The Suction dredge "Culebra" and the Suction Dredge "Ce.rrbean" \iere sueY-ins up mud at Cristobal Harbor.t:Tug.:Emplre and Tu5 Portobelo and Tug Bbhio 1ere towing scows from Cristobal Harbor to .the dump with mud and ae.nd. Daily reports C3.rne in to send out u luu.YJch to pick up dead men, 1-1hose flesh \'1ere just dropping off from the bones. Big junlts of flesh Here juot floating in Cristobal Harbor, At times, the launches 1ere battered and at times the launches returned without operators. In 1914, I l'lorkod on the East e.nd break water e.s man '1-lith Captain Perry on the Tug "Coco Solo", Captain Snedeker as boss. Bare;e 91 1aa taking the bie; concreto blocks out of the barges to I!lB.ke tho breab1ater. Captain Snedeker was boas at that time. After the breai':lmter finished, I worked at Pier 6 -..:ith Captain Nelson e.a boss, as a seaman on TU6 "Coco Solo". I Has transferred Hith the Tue Coco Solo to the Lighthouse Division in 1919. I l:orked as sean; an Hi th Gapta in Karieer until the time of my retire;:nent on December 195l!. H. ARCHBOLD

PAGE 35

Ashby, James; Apartado 3198, Institute, Panama, R.P. I Cthmus of I';;.nc;.ma in yt:.ar nineteen-a-nine on the t.v.:;nty-first day of 1\pril. I co.me on the Ship by the name of S&lan. 1-ly first place of employ;:nent was at the Panama Railroad as a labourer my rate of pay \vas ten cents an hour for ten hours a day. Later I Harked at the Gatun & Cristobal Sub-station then at the Ancon laundry as a rige;er. Later in the same year nineteen sixteen I started Harking for Drede;ing Division where I worked until January first nine,teen hundred fifty five. During the Construct ion d(?.ys I lvitnessed many persona death soma lost their lives on the Panama Railroad by trains, in the cement shed in Getun. On the Gatun Locks many lives ware lost als9. Scuffles Hould break a1-1ay hurting many sometimes killing man instantly. Lord ho1; piercine;. In those days there \;as only one hospital on the isthmus /mcon Hospital. Men had to te rushed by train from Gatun to Ancon. The only two sources of transportation were by horses & train. Carts were dra\Yn by horses. In the years Ylhen tho Canal r!as being dug & Typhoid fever 1-1ere the most dreadful diseases, there was hardly any cure men lvould be sick & dying still had to report on t.he job and work for if one did not Hark they could not sleep the camp at nie;ht. l'olice officer, vmuld take them to jail. Sometimes a man 1ould be sick leave the gang go into the bush & next you hear of him he Hou.ld be dead. \-ihenever these fevers attack men would oe a.ssie;ncd to serve the 1Vorlcirl8 gang with Quinine liquid. \lor king condi tiona 1-1ere poor. In the year 1913 we started to put Hater in the Canal. .. -' L. I \ I

PAGE 36

i I --------Auc.tin, liarric:r.n p.;:> our Hushine for us \;e lw.d to do it for ours eltes the best He could. \'le had to b;,the, ,:::csh our clotbea in tho srune river drinl: the sc>.me ;m.ter El.nd cook. The horsoa nnd cc.ttle all of us tocether uc.cd tl1c c::-.mc 1n1t cr. ;:orne others Hho oouldn' t do thEir OIH1 lm.shii1C for t;lcmsolver; ,-;ore tleir clothec as long as thcy could, t.hcJ tl;re:J them c.-1<-.y nn<1 put on ne11 ones, and kept rEpo!lt:i.nc thu.t l-.'9.y; thil.t sor'lctimes created c;erms and sickness tJJon 1-;e the nP.larin fever, and poorly trained doctorc. anc! nuroes indeed mo.ny 111ent to o.n early gro.ve because of the lac}" of proper crcre and tl'ained attendantc 1-1h0 had any of J,,_ntUin.': t>. sick lJwr.an being, vHmt de:J.f fro'D tile excessive ur.e of quinjne used for mo.laria, and any one \rho l1appen to :'Gt sick and go to some of those dispens8,r1<::s, prefl.Cl.fr:>.id of t),_ose ,loci.ors in t/,ose dRys they l!ould hide: m-my and try to use their mm reme.nd sorne time carried to jail, for the rule .was laborers sho:1ld he en thE job or in hospital and if c::>u[:;ht aroun!0d to ll3Ve been disadvantaGeous many, o.n<"i d:, .C.!.'icultics. Fo1: this the EDVErnment nsiblc ;'or tlco hC'ucc some of those conditions became better -on'.'J.notJ,er hD.m'! ;.;any accidents 1ms caused. on t.he _jobs 1)ocn.u:.H? :_.hey t-.'El:' not so r;;r.t'.Y r;recnut1ons n.nd. s1.1.fty t.!.cn e .. s iHJ.ve Lo <.JE'..y. of. thoso in nvt:;orjty f(,r t.il(j.r cavsin(; ::::.ltliVlJ,r:1: the-y \; .re {tcJ.n!: thE "Lhe.Y knG\1 --note ?.l::'o 8k:i.lletl J.n C: dJ.d not have the J .. toU;:.y. -0.6. Lc-j:rcq;..;ue n.ll ou.r for jo'Js. fron our Ol':, br:' 'Ln ,.
PAGE 37

Austin, l' the Americc.nn ac lt \;o.::; the French. Can,.'ll has been f:i.nio.hct"\ ['.11<'1 )i
PAGE 38

Banister, Albert; c/o Fitz A. Danlster, I.D. card 51376, Colon, R.:P. lf;emorandom nnd past history of the Panama Canal from the 'LOth of ;,lay 19lli to 1953 1:hen 1 cot ui!'.ability relea.f retirree first place I work s:>me W8ek I landed hear work for Cristobal boiler sl1op 1-:or::.ing for lOcent hcur 1-1ith colored fore:nan other 1-10rds s Boss under e;eneral fourr.ri: 1e. had Colored flmeric!'.ns l'lorkinc fC,OOd :nc:n sl,illful rnen but t'Jey cnn' t pull vii th the \:J-ritc al"::ays_ r.. fivht P.nd t.rouble. l:Y .. :;mi; if not \ieot lndir.ns COt\ld never be he:>.r because U:lcle have plenty Colored Apericans to do-!lls :ork also they uon't like down hoa.r to set f!.v1ay th<:y ;;;;).].,G ple-nty trouble ut that rnte \\'est Indic.ns eet c. if not so when lie hid from our native land to Cristobal Dock No. 2 1112 would have to take the I L

PAGE 39

<.(I \ -Banister, A. p.2 next boat back ho;ne it vlculd be too many dogs for the pice of bone the people of today \lorl:ing 8 hour lone; time from 6 to 6 six to six C J1ours caur:ht ;ne viOrking on U.S. Dregge 83 at cocoa-solo ;;n.ntor Capt:1in C:arl a s:dish CA-ptain Hemfry was first-Naster all on deck the two watches was into 3 l"mtcbes fro,11 7 to 3 P..nd. 3 to 11 and from 11 to 7 Praise God and United 8t-?te3 (1fr'lci::.ls that solve UJat plan tl.t that ti;ne humlread.s tha.t '.-Jr>..s ol.lt of a ,iob get a job the vmtch rmo split it too]{ a f"evr ;;,ore men to fill in each iiatch I was from Dred13e to Drede;o lilcG a rnt Cardinas \rill go to dry dock men trans-fer to l-ilnllee dipper Dredr;e fro.m to 82-83-84-86 Dredce Hhich I ty'e up in Gamboa fleet I work on u.s. Dredfje !iar;Joth ladder Dredge Y;o.ntor Cp Ltitio a Creek I HOrlc for :-,;r. l-i.eddinc;er at Far;l.so line man I v:ork for :'ir. Stubee >lastEr Barce rop:J.ir I 1mrk for Mr. \l'y:mc Gravel pl::.nt Gimboa all so Randy 'l'rower. I had friends in Gatun Locl:s I here-fore quit to to Gatune Locks shorl my cleari:nce to :ctr. Do1-1ee he put me to ,.,ork emediately on the he ;::ot to k:nov; th:J.t I know about splicine; calhibe and rope I HJ.s just the :mn I '>las laid off a few months lo.ter l'lr, DOI;ee tf've me lett cor 'told rne he is sorry but take this lEtter to :.;r. ::. '' S:ith Ci>lef-storel:eeper I lo?.d sement I unload .seE'<2nt I carry lumber untill my shoulder peel one day ir. CF1lh offer me a vratch-1;;an job I work 8 years from 11 I'.:I, to puncl1in5 clock you must not mlss the clock teel no lies I was call inside the store est a job as ntore-;,1an J Hor}: up to 1953 I BOt a cirtificate of tlHut::s fro the novernor of the Canal Zone and Cann,l lle hnd plenty to eat good place to sleep good medical attendance you e;c;t pay promp rain or s"bine r:ay day never )JUt off their is not c. mv.n can say Uncle Gam rub or che'ltj: hi;n one ble.ci. cent vrhat you C..f_TJ"Ge to 1:ork for that c Hhat Uncle JYll.d you I 1"/D.s :>.dmltt(d at 1\ncon Hospital about 12 ti'llCP. I h>!.tl .lialu.ria for five yev.rs I e:ot hurt or injur mnny times God bless the Officials that found out safty commetee I 0. in the Htore hc.n.JGe men \as vmrl\ing for the ranamn Cr1n:,.l for ::.o years :nny be at the Panama rl'.ilro:ctl peur pil.Ghins h:J.ncl trucl' \wrkine; ship hole chsclcinr; cn.rro time keeper' tltey li>.'.. ve not atJ. the oxpErence of the J-::,n:o..:nn :Ln Cul,cbr:.t C1.l.l. that is call Gilliard cut that \v:.ts Hherc tl1e ho.u 'che stiffest job which I and others never 1-,elj.ve
PAGE 40

---3anister, A. labour tr:"in ,;;an t:et kill or injur every week being late for .:ork hup the labollr t.raln ;et ldll foot cut off :'ben they blo.ss the dyke Colon trimble the big outside Colon io protect5r>p; Colon hr,bour all those roczs is from Gold !-!ill is cr.ll nol"l Oillard cut doh71 in colon city the strcet th:ot 1s c::.ll .. '1 1ms manV"'O ,'"\nd stasnant water w1th mosquitoco I wns or1 36 and we fill that earea i.ho co to ,Jail pntty c,:,.rc,c lo <111.ys step aoide G2.td. the Judr-:,e you E.et f'l.r>e [lnd -::onfinc that Has the lav/ men und \;oulti. ru.h for tl1e ir lives throu(;h the bush if' caucht go to JD-il pay a fine :.nd cet marriGd many people 5et J:;arried for sb: months but it did not last for their vias no love tl"1ey just ;.;ent for n short ti:!le but bad luck catch thern so marr lass d1d not laot but it 1ms the law of the Canal Zone don't stand for bP.d life plenty men try in3 to se.v e sorne money to fO heme I :else evory m.:tn you. 11111 find him 11ith a leather belt round his 1-:nste on his skin those that Hant to cnre thei'JS elf eat good and tidy them self \tas. compell. to spend what they have round t'nelr person Hundreads of men lyinc down ln Colon streets dead some pick t1P on arrival \ dead some 2 days an er all the report f'rom the "' .-. Doc.tor was stavatlon kill. 111m 'Jan hunr.:..ry till he drop at that ti:ne VIe use t0 get ;;::>.y v:ith coins pollee thief it from them 1heel. you round h1ck to Canal 7."one .lfospi te:l. many men bacl' l'ome bec".'JGe he licl:doHn some pernon l.y i:irEx:f.'r.xt t.he f!rst [;ent:lemari that learn me to drink vias Unclc-Sa:.ny J left my Homeland at 19 years of a.[:e I never Jcnc-i to clr1nJ.:, dri.1jk HUB i'ntroduceto me at Cristobal boiler shop when you drink that quinine you feel for 15 minuten. you"nre tile ,,,reetest man in the land but Uncle nevor told me to r:.et drun}: many [et beat up [6t'kill by Ccmal Zone l'olie e. 1 t never -h<'-JJPGil to. Hheri" you are respectible law: 2.b:"Ldin:;, Uncle stand by you rernembdr the l.av:s must 1Je at 2.11 "cost re:Tected 1e had iDany nice. Song during the ti;,e ct :orJ.:: fi.r-st stei:n boat bill dmm ;.assippyr :'lacond I love you yes. 1 do. third. "If you don't. like Uncle S:,.:n.ny don't be ,m;::;rco.tfull tp him and roahy rnore it tKitc me a w}1oie to remember all account of hit:,;, coBt of livinr-s I ma not in :o. possition of a. little money to jJE:i'chn.se 1:rib n :. J>:::per to 1ri tG o.l'.l that I rem amber I ther e-fo:re <>e:.:: \inc .lt> to rc:Jembcr the dionbili ty relea.f retirree <'.ll }xr:'.ono: fr-o-:; every country come to the Ce.na.l Zone to see this r.rGrLt C:o.n ... l ,:e 'vfill soon dead out but we alive please give uv a little to errt He cannot beg the other fellow he den 1 t \wow ns every body 1mnt tl1e C-:;.ne.l all you can hear gee ;ne c.ee me e;ee rile nobod.y did help. L_ -_ __j

PAGE 41

-. i "'$ Banister, A. p.4 Uncle but Uncle aml Uncl ''-lone .l :cn nervus I Hill close Uncle Sam had hear big .t\:nerienn horses c.nd mules rolice use to keep duty on horse back the mules Hill be drawing big cart pickin;; up e,arbae;c the :Hul,,s n.re-trfl1ne;d they kno.s cachee at 11 ocloc!: when 11 oiclock they 2tick up their e.rs straj(;ht if the driver Has foolish to co.ll him come on J!J.cky for ::-. next loo.d he \:ill kiclc up Ar::e.sh up tl; e cart nnd put you. in Jail they fine you. Gtop ccnido you are charge for being to dum better you was charge ficht.inc \!i th oomoc:nc never you tc>uch the mule he 'l'lill look you up he \:ill i\ick unt.ill l'olice come many 1nen run o.v:ay for a r:mle no\! a do.ys the men GO to 1'/0rk wi t.h a lunch keet havins a ftvl piece of brec.d one a bottle of hot coffee call in Lunch long before that 'l:lould not do thflt can't >lork tha.t can't dig t:ncle Scl'll Cnnal you lw.ve to carry a proper me:::.ls mc::tlc (end lJncls h:-.ve it prepo.ir for you the best of evcr-yth:\.ns but ;:e ':eo tired \''ith the food oo \;o generally uc.ko up 3 I i-;. so!'lctl:ner. 2 '' n. cooking r:\.ce and pease and heavy pnrk-ch"!' or heef st.8):<0 or bit:= junk of ham the is set 1-10 report at Uncle in the i:ess fit:'.ll for breakfast we bad moJ e tho.n plenty to oat vd.ll talre the bread and the lmife (l;ive tho brco.cl .-:ap '.:?..p tn.Y.e butter dump it in their a liB pisco of or or beef stake double in there accompany \lith hot coffee then you sit and eat ti it Has f5,Dndx ve:y r;ood rouc;h nnd re;c-;u!la.r that the ch!ef piece of tool Hl\ich. ':re ur.e to (l.i[. Uncle 3am C::>.ne.l uncl lm01:3 v:h::t t he \'lao doinG he both kill I:::tlaria. iind open up our a; ti to get this worlr done we never lmor: what is ce.ll lunch time 1e lmov1 bre.:-.J:f<:>.st time dinner time P.nd oupper time ten cet1ts _per hour \-!as just like e. flie into one of t:,ose biG /uner-ican mule nosotrill why you cid not eo home ij:?.nister rscpcctJ.ful I e.nd;;er<:d ,,;= I \IL>Uld c;lP.d to go ho!ne but 1 can't {:\0 hof!le e:npty banded first all of my relative is de:.>.u nobod:1 knoV! r.Je <>.t ho;ne I am a perfe;ct ctre.!}8er no fricn.ll de!l.d out I have all 1:1y peopil!c dotm 1::1 I to I r:1ay f>ill into t.he hc.nds of robbers get {)r.n.t up and rob 1 retthcr ntay hea.r I hrtve no one c..t J1nme 1:::s ::n:c..y too v!e. did not have a.utc;nobll :.'e hP.d c:n.rt. t:or::es btl.[.S.Y 2.ncl horne He were ucins for fuel \::.:od !'.nd r:oo.ln all the houseo b:tve smoke stac}: :icc pi VJG 11evcr }:noH that cc,;ne l't.s .: .. l'i;Cl' tile :non of tuduy electric stove ro.chc tel:O. ;visfton "scopucr elictrict ice box ta.llefone e.ll iJG h:-:..re !:_he .. .rot clothes_ on. r:tin f,:Lllinp; overy do.y you nee evcr_y :o.ml ,._,, .. \Jith r:.,incon.t .:>.nd. ._,_'Dberln you ;rill find e;ood \::'.to_r:roo_f oil si:in. c1t t.hei co:1mlss:try Hhen v;e was ln Enpire s<:ct.i.on thC'lr H:.'.s a bic; sbcd a stearJ boi],er in their plenty clotliss line out 1:hite and colored., ---------=-=

PAGE 42

----nnnistor, A. p.5 will bring thGir wet clothes their a with a lone; stick in charge of the boiler will rec$ive ycur wet clothes put tag on them take care of them he would make plenty moaey !1e set 10 cents an hour t,he kneJ-ic::me will all tip him Hhen they come for t.he;_r clothes ,:s never havE. anytr,ine; to give him clothes wns vury cheap no man would steal clothes Soldiers. 1:ill meet you you. round the bctck h:l.ViTJG on his person tr.ree under-Har< r-.ell 1 t to you nm; bran for 60 cents go :er do1m and buy his rum cme pint of rurn for 10 cents he received o. plenty of !;;oney to drunk we had colored time keeper they lul0\"1 the-ir they would time dmtd man c:et plenty money pn.y-day get caught by Uncle go to the Fen...'"letentry or run away to cuba cuba. l"las the place of for n.ll thoo<: th.:>t. commit them-selves in the Canal Zone; anythinc; wcs carry rn:ay from the Canal to Cuba Cc.stro receive ;yc,u ;,:.nci the rtr-ticle free of tax a colordd french-mr.n i"islH!rT:Jan ;::E he rnms of age deside to go to the Ctina.l ?.one and gGt a job he :1ppHl>n.ch the lioss. Boss, I bog .vou for r.. .iob tlle Dos" look n.t him saying you are too old he left the JG
PAGE 43

Dcc){fonl, F.cgJn-.ld I tl!e und.crsj.cn plc :1Lr e in ;.1vinc: you a true story 1n on w:1 th the CC1lf'truct .i.on of t11c: .F['.n?mc. Co:.nn.l. Seen froro the Atlo.ntic r.ldc Sity of ,.,;,c;e I :m.s born. Colon hc.<.l been thE f:irst of or;er;tJon .. BG it t.he Fan2.ma noad, or thr. 1 .r.n;1:--C:::'..Jw.l. n. en .nottlr: h;._:; :Jo'.! hec-n nt"'.iJCc1 Balboa. Ave. c,nd 5 Strct. I .,!)CIJ; r:i.ej.n5 e. flne lookinc black horse. l felt th:.t; time }le is :1 ;01an of prorninece, be cause th<'ir 1rers ott>cr men roll:_nvine; hi::l en lwrse llack, riding, f:"OiDG t01::.rds the : lioLol, Hhich i!1 thcne day a \laS a fr<.1me i!ll.-:vcrthelem; vr:ry i:rosinc. I hEarcl a loud voice from tho<:s reorle ::ilo :;o: c <;to.n.il.ll:; nround :>'outed "Roouelt ;" then another volce, 'l'cL1dy .nc-ovelt. I 1:,.s not interested, be inc; P. teem nee boy nt tlw tlme .Lf':->-rninc; the j(o>Helry trade, I pusse:o tb::tt vc-ry spot ti-II'G or t1mGr:i n day ihsre I aaw Roovslt. I ic.s horn not very f-,.r fro;:; '''here I hP.d seen him. This man cJllO I !J;c_;,, on borse ba,ck, vm.n tlis sj.gnal for. the buil<'inc of the Can::Jl. AftEr mn.ny '"lonths, I began to ob:..epvel: th:-:.t \Ihcncvcr a r.rriver; nt Colon, l!la.ny men nnd 1o:nen d:lsEJ;')b".r};;-!':', tl:E-.--i;crG by the thounands. \!hat ho.;t. Indies. '.l'hEre 1-;ere of every !i.?.tionalj.t.y r:cce on t.llis lntlJ. :!Us. The L'est Ind1:>.ns made up the me>. jeri tjr. '.l.'lJcSC' );nnclred of :est azn:; 1er-e fi.rat e:nplo,'iec'l ac sanitn.ry 1ncn. Cor.s, r.o\ ltcc.d l::ts the rnun 1-1h6 u;ade the lsthrnun Sanltr:ry. n ):-'.t or 110 Canal. Thcse FiG, 1ntu to r'.:Kt btHJJ-,c':"", 1:;lth a Can of de::;.dly 1: itc ll.T;d, J n of tl10 pc:;inonous,liquid in the .hole. I.-; :--.ix ,_,,, .ilvc "j_nuten t.'-, cr-:'.b comes out and dies. c::-:c; (no;:., t:c;.rz,) 1!c: c-l1epo!:::.LG<1" on Lhc: top of Hullf\E.s (l.:.rl: .:' 1 lo::--.. hc:-.c-He::: r 10-.J::-o C:TJoJ.eh for more t\Jo doZ.0i1H ) -:-.-.. 1 hr: 8l:c o_::. f1.1inc: f-'l''"fJ .ijnlH:e tho ''reJo;,, the l!.:tc inqnn h::ul stn.rt.Ecl from the bot ton:: :.1p._ t\11 1.'or;. nou lln.(l he::n :i.il its inlt:i::tl stc.ee. Pertaining to the Cc.n?.l pro;:ect.. .'c:oJ, :ror ,..11 ':lhc. ,;c-nterl tc, \JOrk. Rates of ;.-.ay .;c.:c not :2::-. J.-, ph :.'.!:: of' tod::.y. FlE'nty ':;ork; a lot money in curculntl on. I tl1c .J c-'< 1r_y '.;n.s n.rst employed by the Ce1nc-.1 Co 'mlsion ICC as T:16Bef18efl. for

PAGE 44

l J J J J l : l ] l l -l J l I ,. l l .... I: l I, -----R. p.2 John Burke nt i'2 bu1lclinc: in Cld Gric.tob;;.l. ::tnd #2 build ine;a. Old French frnme houoes. VGry 1r,pocing. Spe cially built for office Left b.Y the i'rench in their fail ure. lh.anber one nnd n ;;r,i.;er t 1-10 bu 11:1ing3; l En thlren to ooe that the order ho.d been obeyed by ever:; o<1e. '!e l;ere at the bottom floor. ole Here lined u_;:; :.i.iJre!lst. A feH mlnute::> P..fter, I saw a man dPcenclinr the from the top l'loor, c.s he ca:ne down he o.pprc:;clwd the n.r>:.y remember he }1:::-.d been SEcretary of l'.'ar durinr; the sarly contruct jon dE>.y c. 'J.'!1oee t1o 1. C. C. buildin;;s 1-1ere identical ln. structure; laree, r>.nd lw.d t<,tos. As a Special mesCl1!_:cr for John J3url-:c;, 1 cr.;11e ne'Cr 1osinc m:r life. Lottero had been civon to me by m; boos to be delivt?red r.t dryliock. From the I .C .C. build inc-: t.o the urydocJc is fRr. li.to myself, the letters dlopec1 n.nd ScQ.ttcJ:<::d. I\ c.lonG my predicament 8.nd c:->.lled to thr; <.ir:,.er o.: the; loco:;;ot1ve. Tlle train s.top;>ed ::-.usrn nftr Jiolping me to rzJSnC:lf. 1 '.::;.G o.lon:_-about 10 feet, of hej_nt'j h:\tB ;:l::.t h2:.d ;;s.ved me from injury, 01 der,th. ln Ol.iJJ: on, J tl;in); i.lnt ::tll })Er!'lons 1-rho had ;;or ked ir t,j,co Cm;-;7.1''-'''":, on t1:_yn ;oJ the I .C .C. should be e;iven nr.-;ns it1nd o:. rc'lcro. n:H.:i.on. :e it one day, or t;JGnty five years. I l10.d r:.1xt.en vc .;f'.. /'ftc, L'orJcjl:"' ao a rne:sner ror three yc.ro, o.nd <.:;J:.rld nr;t et;:: r:-.iee in p:..y, I quit the job, and ;;ns rsemrloy ed v.r:; !'l::-..i.l cltT}c f.'or the 1. C. C. Ac 1\ rnaj.l clerk, 1 bec-".:;JE n.qu:,.lnt.c
PAGE 45

!J !] jn J I ,: i] ': '' I I! 'I I i I '> I I ,, '/ I \l 'f 7 --------neckforu, R. p.3 especially in Florldn. Othors lnve p::>.ssed on to the Great nehond 1'.9 I en in t}(' Gt:;T ,., liEH'ald. I ,,.n nt the cristobal comiJ.ry n.t the ('Old sille. ::orl::,w-. c.t the CrlstobP .. l Co;nisary brourJ1t home to me the J1'l)cetl trut,;, th::.t rr :Fo.n:unc. C:::.nal is belng built, ::Hh f'll lts re.mific"tion. iiu.nr-.jr.:.s. 1 nav: <.;.:-1r. or tllc r::'ssc=.n:.::e:r coaches Gave a slirht lift. In '' :fc.1: ''CO!IL1s, l crn1 people l"lminc tO\Iards ,.;;,ere I l1cu1 r.cen the liftru. I ran out (I was not oingulnr in cloin(" so) to :;cc ti.t.c b:J.l'i' body of a rMm lnyine; on the tracks. '.l'he t.nrm ;,?.d hern Cllt clc:'.n nc.ron'-' the abdomen. His J1and.s unto;> chad,' E'-:yc::. \;here are his less? His lCf::o.],:'.d bej Uy bnu ncGl the cnc::Lnoer. He 1-1ill atop hin trn:'J.1J en thr: for .:o:t-r-e or co11, bu.t not for a llume.n. Ti1or-;e ;:ere; / ;;(.] '"'' !. hl "0 c l.li'.' ,,o h:-,::-. b<:en nnmed Gamboa if ;;:y !'!lcnor.'.' f:-c:-'l VEf.", r.-iYL).. Cul. C(Jcth:..J.lS (i'J.!lO li19.de the d.1rt fly) JJ:.>.d been li;r.' ''.:: :..; c"lebr::>.. The ';;n.l.n o.rtery of the con struction i11 otll-:r 1 t ['_ p:i.ctu.r-c!.loue slrht at Cule bra.. .Pn.nen!-er8 cr1 t.l1c, tr:in i.13Pl,: r:_ts ur_' n.B tr?.ii1 is DP-ssinc to lJUn:;l'cdo Gf :en at m'!ch a depth of-the earth. So '1<'Ep, t'H'> loclu> Luntircdc of s;;:<:>.ll boys moving around; many ste'"'' shove;lo n.nd cranes looks half their size J

PAGE 46

Becltford, R, p,!J 4from the great dept, Pasengers including myself gets up from their seat when the train is nearing culebra. Avalanche covering fifty men at Oulebra; sometimes more. Bas Obispo had taken the greatest death toll in one dynamite explosion in one day only, To be continued if God permits REGINALD DECKPORD Jeweler ,. By this you will that I am still in the flesh. God willing Hoping that what I had written has been some interest r I I i. I repeat. As a salesman at the Cristobal Coinmissary 1n the construction days, gave me the oportunity ofcoming in contact with hundreds of men of every nationality who were worldng on the Lines. From Corozal, Matachin, Lascascadas, lUraflores, Bas Obispo Gamboa), 'Pedro Miguel, Gorgona, Empire, Barbacoas, Bohio, Frijoles and Gatun. Those old trunks of trees and stumps projecting out of the water, which you may have seen yourself, are silent witneses of few of those stations which are under water, Work trains for those who wor-ks at Corozal on the Pacific Side, and lives at the Atlantic Side, and for those who were employed as far as i Gatun on the Alantic Side and lives in City on the Paoifio Side,. such a-condition was imperitive because their were no barracks, neither quarters built for those employes -at the early stage of construction. (For example) I had seen two Panama Rail Road box (Freight) cars like those of the present time with numbers on the sides converted into two rooms apartments, with ventilations, not more than about 2 feet by eight, with curtains. In this age, they would have had Radio, or 'Television (laugh) Their was one in Front Street near the Strangers Club, and another at Fmlks River (near Mt Hope). Work train bringing hundreds of men.after a day's work atoping at the Commisary to make their purchases, As a salesman in the Fruita leo Cream and Vegetable department My job on tho Gold e ide. Their was always great rush around five o'clock that they could hardly move freely. I goes over to the Silver aide. From these menwho works at the Pacific.end and lives on the Atlantic Side, and those who works on the Atlantic end and lives on the Pacific Side you are being ltept informed. Men covered up by 'tons of earthl others blasted to pieces by dynamite aocidenta.lyl we,,' L.l...-----------! I I "'": i I ooe i ""' I

PAGE 47

Beckford, R. -p.5 gets nawe from the men before 1t 1e published 1n the Star & Herald or Canal Record the following day for they covers the length and breath of the canal Contruot1on Area. For example After I had finished waited on two men, one of .them gave me two shark teeth; the other fellow gave me.one, from. out of a rock that was blasted 1n Cut. I said nothing to him, nor thankh1m. They where I 11as skeptical; unbelieveable about shark teeth taken out of rock instead of the sea. (Fishing is my past time.) Shark teeth like all other teeth is white. I looked at h1m a doubt.. He looked at me and said Han, you have you never hea.rd!'\-..that. these two Oceans had been joined together? I have heard so said he, and these shark teeth we e:ot out of the out proves it. I believed him afterward, because their color were not whlte. Their color, dark grey, some, near black and petrify. Many men in the Cohetruct1on days could be seen wearing blallk :. ribbon watch (pocket). fob with mounted (in gold) shark tooth a.ttaohed. Shark teeth from some of those rooks which had. ':. been .blasted by dynai'l1te. For centuries (God only knows how., long) they had been 1n some of those rooks. As a Jeweller : .. I .. _:i [. -" 'i I I L_ by trade, I had mounted a f'ew in gold. They wer6 large, the size of a man 1 e 1il'iet l'ratch in diameter, and larger -.Shark<-:'.> .... ,-1 teeth from Culebra Cut and Baa Obispo had been a very good .. .,. : aovenerea of the Construction. On severalocaaiona I had seen many of these men 1-1ith pieces of rocks in their hands. Only at a very great depth, 1n the bowels of the earth, oan such pieces of rocks be found, Pieces as large as they can hold in the palm of their.hand. Rocks (atones) of different colors hard near to Diamond. I have never seen such rooks (stones) before, nor after the completion or the construction. They became an industry during the construotion.days. They were sent up to the States; cut and polished; and returned to the Isthmus as Canal Among them were Moss Agate, !-loon stones; (Two of which I have on d1eplay); others the color of a full ripe tomato; and many other colors including blood atones, All canal Stones. A Blood Stone does not mean that the stone is red as blood. A blood' stone is the color of a very green 11me, with small red spots not larger than the point of a pen, Women 1n those days likes jettelry felt that they must .have a Canal stone ring, You could purchase one in any jewelry store on this Istlwuo. Burgoon the American jeweller had many. I had mounted many in gold. For. those women who likes jewelry, having a canal Stone ring was a must which any Old Timer of the Construction days will attest. Their. are a few of them who has made this Isthmus their home. The present generation knows nothing about canal stones -' 1 ,., I ':" .. :-:' ... :;::' .. _J

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0 Beckford, R, p.6 To them, its a bed time story, or a.fairy tale, For curiosity, .1 have been around all the Jewelry stores in Colon, asking, Do you have ailJ Canal Ctone rings." No is the answer. I dont need any, I have a few, Petrify shark ttieth frO!!! culebra Cut and Canal S'fiones are gone with the completion of the Construction, Becauoe no baracke nor quarters could be built fast enough for such a great number of employes. They had to live somwheres. This vms where the house owners in Pana!llll : City and Colon were takine a in charging exorbi tant prices for one room, much more two rooms apartment. Thanks to George W. Goethals who kne1r the condition, and had F-.i barraks and quarters built for' the employes of th,e ,Panama -Canal, The Store Keeper of the Cristobal Commieary, whose name was Belaskie, had a dispute with a salesman, whose name.ie Fowler (noli in the States). The alteroation began in the Jiard department,: which divided with my department with an open epaoe of few feet, During the dispute, he-kicked Fowler, The salesman said to him, "Kick me again" He kicked hlm the eeoond time, The salesman did not try to defend himselr. Kiok me tho third time said Fowler. Belaslak1 (the StoreKeeper) kicked him for the time, Aparently, that was all their was t.o it. The occuronce was reported 'higher up, and Belaskie __ : was fired from his job as Storekeeper, and given forty eight hours to leave the canal Zone. Bevington whose death I read in the Star & Herald about three months ago had been working in my department at the time when it odoured. Bevington was young at the time, like myself, I had thought .he had left for the States, like many other Old Timers who I remember sometimes, Thia Belas!de 1-ras not liked in the Commieary by Gold nor Silv.er employes. Gatun has taken many liveo also; but not as Culebra nor Baa Obispo. It was nohbing unsual to be walking on Front Steet and sudonly you sees a yard engine with one I.C,C. flat oa:r attacheddEad men st:reohd out, whose faces cannot be oeen, because a piece of olean white canvas, the length of the car covers their faces, DJOV 1ng slo1ily towards the old Colon FreiEht houoe to the north end near the Washington Hotel and stope. The people in the vicinity gathers, including myself, tr-yinG to get a gl1ms e of their faces. You can't, The canvas covers their faces. A police man is on duty to prevents the people from going too_near. Not only onoe but on several oocasions, these dead men on flat oars their faceo covered up, were carried to near the end of-the Rail Road tracks near t)'le Hotel. Colon Hospital trae around the Beach in thooo d2.ys;. For sure, .these dead men were from Gatun, on the Atlantic side, which had its death toll as did the l'aoific aide of the I hada seen a piece of mecha.nisim that ttae being used in the constuotion of the Looks a:t Gatun, They trere called buckets. I am descr.1bing what I

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ll ,_ >t Beckford, R. P had seen on the Atlantic, ao I lives on the Atlantic side, although not forgoting the Pacific in reference to tion; from thG Pacific to the Atlantic, and from the Atlantic to the l?acifio. The buckets were used in the construction or the Looks, 'i'hey uere like those old stesm shovels which e.rc now seen bet,feen Gamboa and !Uraflores '(excepting the teeth), large enough to hold four to five men, runing on large steel cable \tires, sixty to seventy feet from the ground, going as far as a city block. They could be seen by paaseneers on the Rail Road train. Looking at those (not more than four).men, you are looking .at death in their company. "You better. believe it" For sure; one or those cables got broken carrying all to their death, and their were others to take their places without hesitation, Not once but twice it happened, It wao a. sad comment, (I uan remember) in whole construction area, I had been told that those men were paid .a very high salary for that kind of work, No wonder they were replaced \fithout difficulty. 'l'ho Canal Record always publish .such occurencea in those days. I will write once more, if God permits, then conclude 'before .November 1st. REGii'l'ALD BECKFORD If you does not receivG another, you will know that I have passed on t r .L .. .: I ,... I I I ---_ ___)

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Beckford, R, -p;8 The construct1on qf the Panama Canal was vwy much advanced. L1ving near the sea from '1here I must see a ship or ships every day unless I am sick. I had been observing for a long time a 1hite ship not larsol' than the S.B, Advance of the Panama Rail noad llne. (I u.sed to go aboard the s.s. Advn.nce o.nd Alianca for mails from the Purser) This white ohip had been sailing continusouly from the (Mole) narro11 channel south of Sherman which leads to Gatun, to the Breakwater not r.1ore than a mile and a half and return to the ("Mole") channel, The word 11!-lolo" is used by Old Time fisherman and natives, This white boat had been sailing this short d1stanco for aproximately a year before it had me pUZzled sailing days and nie:hts; -'could be easily seen at night by the 11(lht, going no farther than the Breakwater and return to the narrow channel, Neeless to describe that this contin uous sailin,_o; had been on for almost tbree years, I was determine to know the purpose. I did, Finally I was to1d that the small white ship is the dredge Culebra (by name) is a auction dredge which ia dredging the entrance to the Canal, thereby making itdeeper for larger ships of deep draft which are expected to transit the Canal, This ship (dredge) wao a familiar s!ght in the Harbour of Colon unlike a dredge, re!llains ate.t1onary, but sailing day and night for aproximately three to four yo2.rs. Familiar sie:.ht to pasene;er ohipa, Aproximately thre.e to four years sailing (dredge1ng) for not more than about a mile and a half; day and night, from tho narrow channel to the south of Sherman to the breab-IB.ter. One day while I vras looking out in harbour, as I usaly does, I saw that their 'ms something missing. The white ship (dredge) Culebra, that familiar sight in the Harbour of Colon, seen no more. It was like puting the fin ishing touches on a good job that had been well done, The Construction of the Panama canal. I repeat. I have been living near the Harbour of Colon all my life, This gives me the privilege and oportunity of seEing the movement of ships. The continuo).ls dredp;ein,g of the Harbour brout:.ht up hundreds of beautiful shells from the bottom of the ae(l., and far deeper, They were seat t er.ed all along the. beaches. I have never seen such bea.,.itiful.' ohell:s (atones for. they were not hollo11 like shells) before nor after the Construction.(never),. TheY.: wwe _picked up'_by childrlm and adults tor .. their beauty.. I peroonaly )lave mounted a few in gold, earings I
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Beckford, R. P the bottom of the tea oup is oval, gives a lustre like a real pearl. That part of the lime which has been out, or the top of the oup, is lily white. Their sizes not larger than a {man'a) shirt button. Occanonally you may find a rew a 11 ttle le.rger. After the completion. of dredgeing, they \..rare not eo plentifUl., Tino.ly they disapeared. rrom the beaches. Gone \..ri th the clredgdling of the Construction days. In those days, you could in the Construction. area without ristr:l.ction. Hyaelf and friends walked on the Locka twice during its construction, Durine; the Construetion days, the Americans \1ere very:. friendly, especially the women {For example) An American teen aBer far up in her teens at that time, parents living in the second .. cottage in Old Criotobal, e:r.:nctly where the Canal Zone fire station \..r!lB .. only a fe\; yenrs ago Only a stone throw fr.om the Commiaary. Recauoe of its proximity to the Oomm1anry,,;. she comes than once a day to purchase, Her na.me:is ,, .... Florence from CharleDton s.c,. She was one of many who may converse a litte before being waited on. Her mother alsoo I am giving you a synopsis, I had been living between rour:t.h and fifth streets th my mother We both vere"ih .:.;: aide the room upsta1rn. As late as around 8/30 that night; I had heard a feminine voice inquiring for a dress maker, I came out to see she 11110, She was Florence from Old Cristobal. (Surprised) "P'lorsnoe
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Beolcford, R. p.lO ta.in of the Port" "Have you a chair" certainly I ea.id. I eave her a chair, and she sat for fifteen minutes until the job 'l>ras done. I am only d1aor1bing to you the Construction days Americans. Ha1iy U.s ooldiers oould be seen in the colon :Park on sunday nights., as the old Fort De Leeseps is ver.v near the Park. I 1me ehomJred with confe.tte on a Carnival night in the Colon P;:>.rk by F'lorence who ha.d been walk ing with her escort. The clietance from Old Cristobal at ll street to the Colon :Park io eoven blocks, Thoy are the Americana of the Construction days. You.can be. sure that which has been written had bOen seen and except the deere and other wild animals that wore runing to high altitude to eaoape the ruahine; uatcre of the Atlantic and the Pacific at the t.ime .irhen the D11ce blasted. I lives on the Atlantic side. I kno':IS nothing about the Pacific No man nor '.foman alive can contradict 11hat I have described, If their is one, I nm randy to meet him or her. oanal Zone policeman (Frank) from !Te1 died not very long (I had read in the Star & Herald). Known as Peil1cemz:.n 88 liO.B very popular on both aides of the Border. I had eleven years of (broken) servlce Two yeo.rs as a messenger at .the I;c,c. buildi!J8 #1 (the Balboa hci.e;hte in the early Construction days) Three years mail clArk for the Pannma Canal, and six years at the Comrnlso.ry, !lot n very long time, Nevede leoas the eleven yec.ra of s<:rce \WO a c;reat privilege as 11' it had been fifty ye:trs. (I \rill describe) mum :ny father died I beoame the only support or my mother, She became 1'11 that ehe could not us9 her r1c;ht arm,. I took her to a doc tor in c.olon lie told me it would cost me to get her better and \\20,00 for a nura.e, I conaiderad it exorbitant. Being young and having no savedaa yet, I would have paid $100.00 or more for mother if I had it at the time. Ao a mother I know that I could never repay her for what she had done for me. Both of uo lives alone and she 1a suffer inc;. I decided to take her to the Colon Hopi tal. I told my mother to get ready to eo. She rGplied "It a useless because I am not 11orking for the Panama Canal nor the Panama Rail at this tiUJe," i aA3.d to '.!ly oJOther "I em takins you their." And so I did, /1fter I had gone in, and eat a few 1ninuteo, the doctor co.mo to me, I told him she is my mother. ''Are you :;wrlrins fol' the Fana;;;CJ. Canal" No. a1r, I replied. ''Have you never for the Panruna Canal" ''Yes a1r." Eleven years. See1ne; me talring out my paper a to a teat, he began to examine her siolc arm. vie ant their for aonle t.i111e. Flnally a nurse returned vrith a bottle of medicine with direction on how use same. And rr.nve me. I used the medicine as d1reoted, and my mother's ri5ht arm was oured in .. l ... __ __j

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Beckford, R. -p.ll weeks. At the time when I was lTOrldns at the retail cold storage (Commissary) Austrian American had been coming to the retail cold storage. for many montha, and whenever he comes, he buys a pound of bologna sausaget sometimes a pound. That tro.s n.ll he buys for l?.lmost a year. Onc.e, some time:s twice in !:'. It .te.o fun for uo two sales Sometimes we have it prepc.red before he calle for it. He came in one day and said to us (two salemen) "Well this is my last day. for bologna sausa5e, I. will be leaving for the States tomorrow." ''h'hy dent you take me with said the other ealeman, I would like to know the ste.tee Oh no, I would not take you to StateeA we dont want-fellows like you in the State where I belong. ."'n'hy not" he .did not elabor" ats. "I would te.ke the.t other fellow" refferine; to me and, he se.1d "e;oodbye." This is my own handwrit'ing. Hoping.' that you have r.ead my first, second, and'last.series with interest as they are real facts. I now Respectfully yours REGINALD BECKFORD -., Jeweller ...

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, ..:. Beckles, WGsley; Estafeta Chilibre, Chilibre, R.P. I arrived hero in Pano.ma in the year 1913 January 9th. The very next day of tho snme year I a Job in tbe Hunicipal Division. ll'orked in the ce.sins holo 11as 100 ft. deep until 1914. That 1mo o. t A neon. Then 1:e.o transferred to Pedro tUguel (Same Division) until 1956 when I got retired. I've worked with s. Doyd, Hr. Clemont, Hr. Ralph Carthura. At that time we were paid the sum of 10 cents an hour. In those days there were so much filth in Central Ave Panama that we had to take it up by bucketsful, and empty it in the sea. In those days a loaf of Bread was only 4. I was living on the Canal Zone, in Red Tank. I wae a bachelor then. lany is the times I've had to 1-10rk from 6:00 in the morning until 7:00 A.J.! the,. follo1-1ing morning. One of the experiences that is .most vivid to me is the time when we had to Albrook Air Base laying pipeline in mud up to our waist, and thats on the level. Living conditions weren't so good that time. Due to the :tact .. >;. of the small salary. of the Days I've gone to work with hunger. .in the year 1956 I retired and I'm now getting a small pension from the Gov. of 1-rhich I 1m extremely grateful. -----Respectfully Yours Hr. WESLEY BECKLES -----"-------=-.::=---------

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( .. ., l i I .r Bel5I'ave, 1\.llnn C,; Box 1624, Colon, R.P. I arrived iri a Sunday at 330 P.M. the 12th of September 1905. A f,I'OUp of US Ivers taken in mule wagons to Camp in Old Cristobal, (Kaki tents for Camps) these were erected near n mm mp of nllige. tors, froe;s, and mosquitoes in abundance. llonday the 13th I start to l:ork for the engineers divis ion in Cristobal under 1,11 office near Columbus Statue before it removed to Colon, that site io now occupied betrteen the. freie;ht house and 1.110 pier. As a carpenter, I were put to 1ork to cut and point st\kes for the engineers, one 1-!r. Evans was in charge he 1'/US quite a gentleman, his speech was gentle, and understandable. I 11orked. with him for two weeks, the fol lowing 1reek I ro.o transfcred to a carpenters gang, foreman' a name can't remember, but he li'as of a different temperament'to the other man.he flas rouE)l, and so he could curse, I co1..1ld only work 1i th him six r.nd o. half days, malaria fever began i 'I to 110rry me, I went to the rest camp, got quinine treatment : ..::\' i for two days, I return to lvork the fourth day, could only work two hours, six to eie;ht, fever 1.'-nd my b01vels took me in such a way that I had to be taken back to the rest camp, Illy condition bee;an to e;et 1rse, then the doctor sent me off to the hospital Hith eicht oth0r siq,t, IVa. lfcre admitted, but our 1<1ards were tents, the fc1 wood buildine;s 1rere filled, then around eic;ht o'clock the r.a;ne nicht the doctor carne to me he eat on the cot; may I say here, the cot had on it a nice mattress, and f1heets (2) one to lay on o.ncl the other to cover, and e. pillow. The doctor CJ.Uestion me ao to hol'l my feelings ware, I told him, ii-2 if I had il-3 how my times my bo11elo move for tho day? Y4 \'.'here I works, anci. lcind of work? 5 rrhat 'liind of food? G Nho prepares it? 7 does you work in tho sun and rain e.ns1-rer ln t.h0 affirrJ:,.tive he examined. me thoroughly and leave, about ten o'clock the doctor co.me with another
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1 .[ -l 1 I .. Belgrave, A. C. -p.2 in what I eat, <'.nd don 1 t rr,et wet, of ooure e I knew this impooeible, because wo hc'l.u to wor!c in sun and rain, when it rain for more .than fifteen minuten our time be out o.oco}<{rding to the duration of the rain. Tlvelve days after I returned to \'10r!c I Ht:.a D.c,u.in the sn.me troubles rnalc.ria c.nd thin time I meet 1lth another doctor and nurse (name doctor 1'o.ylor fl.!ld nurse Smith they were equally nice people. ThTing I met t-ir. 'lioodside at his office and he me as a boiler maker helper nt 12 per hour 10 hro. per day, ctu.rt 1wrk at 6 A.M. to 11:00 ''nd from l:CO .F.!-l, to 5100 P.n. Employment began on or ubout the mid(llo of January 1910 through 1914 August 25th.olosod the C:,_nnl Construction, or in other \torde, the opening of the C:J.nal for businenn. Experiences. ( 1) J:i-w 1my in uhich Colonel Gorgas improved the health conditione on the Isth!llus, through hia ingenuity, places that r1erc hD.rbin;:::cr :for n.llie;ators, frogs, toads, and worst of all, mnn's moot inveterate enemy the moaquito that create yello11 fever, and '!w.lo.ria fever, 11ere trnnaformed into -----------------......_ ___

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Belgrave, c. -p.3 habitable areas 2 -The rapid 1'/(J.y in 1rhich the then Construction Quarter master erected proper hous5ns for all Canal employees. 3 -For people, those that I r:;ot in contact 1-r1th, Some YTere pleasant to 5et nlon,z Hith, a.nd others 11ero to the contrary. 4 Living and 1-rorkine; condltiono {personal) was not favorable, (reason) The boiler-makero and shipfitters fought for shorter \'fOrking hours, and nn 1ncreao e in pay, the{' won, ten hours was changed to eight hours per day, from 7 o clock in tho morning to 11 o'clock, and frommidQday 12 o'clock to 4 o'clock in the evening, with the understanding that, any time worked after 8 hours
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I to Ber1eford, G, Mitchell; Eetefeta. Chorr1llo, Aptdo 6104, Panama., R,l?, I am giving to you a.t this time thanking God for the oppertun1ty to do oame, Dear Sir I am giving you the truth of my experience during the time of my employ in the Canal Zone Sir I came to the soil of Panama from Barbados landed in Cristobal docks on the 21st of April 1909 between 1 to 2 pm with the lest trip of the s.s, Selent I was taken oars in the Cristobal camps then my first work was at Mindie railroad 1orking with Mr, Busby the foreiD!ln, acting as water boy at 7 cents per hour for a period of time then. my elder brother took me to tavan1lla. eeot1on where he seek a Job for me in the mess kit6hen pealing potatoes but I oould not stand the smell of the vear1as pots they give me.bad feelings eo I had to-leave and went on the dump as yard's boy earring reports to the Ene;1neers, but a pair of shoes OC)Uld not last me lone;er than two weeks on the aooont of the thick mud and water so I had to leave that Job, then return back to Colon and gotted work on the dooks -working sl).ip .,,.... ,) side, After many months I came in contack with a. friend and he took me to a foreman in the timber yard. of Cristobal and I work there as water boy, One day one of the lTarkmen was hewing out a timber to a oertin size so he left it and went to the sirvice, eo boys all over put down my bucket with the water took the adds 1-1hlch he \tas cutting the timber with and start to finish what he leave off and I did the job so olean and perfect when the man oame from the e1rvice he saw me standing a distant from the timber he open hie eyes wide saying who \Tho trouble my 1:ork, ueeing funney words and 1t is done better than 1f I did 1t, but I never knew that the fore-man was watching me through hie office IT1ndow, so neither of men would say any thine; but the foreman oame out or the office and told him this boy did it and he did a better job .than youtoo, So the foreman turn to me and said if you tan get an adds to buy bring one tomorrow and throw that buoket a11ay you are a. good little workman he ask me where I learn t.o use an adds and I told him my elder brother use an adds and I told him my elder brother taue;ht me 1n Barbados, And from then I started at the carpenter's trade, from 7 cents to 13 cents and I lfOrk then for .a period of -time. Then I went to Toropoint and work Mister Hearne building the brake \'later bridge working in front of the pile driver handling piles one day !learns came over to where I was work-ing talking to the Engineer resting his hand on-the top or the pile forget and eive the the singnel to drive not remembering hie hand was on top of the pile and the hammer../ oame down and cut his fingers o"ff, He drop to the floor and we the men piok him up with other white men and rush him to L....J.....L_ ____ ---

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Berisford, G. H. -p.2 the Hospital .all he could of done is to .call for oigirets chewing them in his mouth paoks after paoks before he could reach thehospitnl. Then a few days after that Mr. Hutchen the pile foreman drop over board inter the sea and he was a very ougly man wh1tch he said so of himself when rise from the raising hls head u.p his 1-1orkmen started to laugh seeing how ougly he vias, when he e;otted to himself he \lent to the subforeman a coulard man name Herbert telling him you laugh at me in the water because I am ougly. If you dident had so many starving little children home I would of fire you o.nd give you a bad clearance; go 'to work pmor gie. Then I went and work rith Mr. l'atchet carpenter fore,;. man 1n New Cristobal working on the school and other build-ings one day on Oommisary book iskuse he went and gotted our books place them in his back Pocket and would not give us; 4 oclock he took them home and sitting around the dinneif table his wife sa\1 them in his back pocket she ask him if' .. those are the poor men books and he said yes,and she said to him get up at once and go to the. train station and give those poor men their books most of them live in :Panama and their poor wifes and children is waiting on them for a bread, and > -:; you come home sittinB down to table to eat and the poor men need their books you dont ea.t.here untill those poormen get books,. he had to go.the train station and give every man our books before the train pulls off; the maid let us know what had happen on monday when we came back to work. Then I ,transfer to Hr. Nerther, another carpenter foreman after a-time transfer to Nr. Gump, finishing the schools. Then lay off and I went with Hr. Spearman working on pe.ir 4. Leave there and 'l'lent over to Old Cristobal with : him and remove the Dutch concrete building from one side ot the street over to the'other side about over 300 hundred feet away from where it It was one of the most exper ance jobs you could over see, on rollers and timbers with. turn buckle people from all _parts of the iethmas came to witness even from Balboa Rights. \ihen finish we all transfer baok to l'anruna. Uent at Gamboa build up Gamboa Commisary, Club house, schools, and. dispensary, there where I gotted a nother fame by rEJeulating thealate board at the school. I 1as recommend to a raise from some officials came down from Balboa Rights. When Gamboa finish transfer back to Balboa on the school 11here I was left in charge of the fin ishing by Spearman the foreman my last work there was putting up the letters naming Balboa High School. Then Mr. Handson working foreman under Hr. Spearman, I with .him to Ancon and there I work on the Clubhouse one day I gotted my Commisary book, 10.00 and my wife came for 1t to :spend, .. ... i I I I I I I I I I

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Berisford, G. 1. -p.3 Bhe went to the Commieary and bnught cake and ice cream and went .home gotted her friends and had a spree over me, when I went home the evening I saw the ics cream dishes what they uoe and the crumbs of cake all over the table, not a crumb leave for me, pots oold, stove cold, and no dinner, and ehe away, hungry killing me and nothing to eat, great expearance, I had to make a devoroe on her. Later I waa call to the office for a transfer to Ancon section carpenter for the.quarters, I \fOrk liith many foremans there l'1r. Cloud, Mr. Roberson, Moria, Hr. Dansby, went back w1th Vli'. Oorri gan and Mr. Corrigan there with him I gotted my retirement,. November the last day (1957) a. great regret or a send. off oo I have to thank God for my spear life though many days I hnd to stuff paper in my dinner bag to make it look +ike lunch because roy 'I'TaB very small. At that time I was only working for small wages 7 cents 10, -13 16 an so on many days I had to take lunch from the other men who was getting more than me, and .in those days I work almost the lines through, the most or men lives was at Colebra, Empire, Mattaoh1n, and Gatune, the flesh or men flew in the air like .. birds many days Johnorol1e .feed on the bowels or men around the Jongles around 1914 when the water was let into the Locks from the spilhm.y 1t lias a great holiday and a cellebraoion for the work mon white and collord men compose a song about General Gothels, it goes like this ) Gothels, Gothele His name shall ever call, He was the principle contructure who oame from the states Mo Clinclef and Ha.rehal b1ld the gates, there are seventy five feet high, no man could nover den1e, so the water display, from the mouth of through the locks and dam......... Laot but not leace, in 1941 to 1945 working day and night euportins the War II I wao awarded with a certificate from !<1aJor Genere.l U .s. Army Governor as vetteran .Pardon me (I forgot) work,ng at old Cristobal with Spear man I felt from the top of an elevator 65 feet high, dammag1ng with cuts on my loft leg, a fractured risk and a cut on my and three eieht penney nails inter my hip from my nail bag which I had around my waist. I was rush to Colon Hospital by Mrl Hanson car, because the ambalance took too lone;. to reach the Job, That ho.-;-pen around 1928 to 1929 So my dear Sir I hnve plenty to thank God for that roy life ie et111 speared to. see th1o day I have plenty to thank the Amer1dans for. I have to say you all are blessed people a nation wh1ch God bless, and to you Sir I hope through my rough toils and my experanoes of the Panama Canal work that the Lord may send us a blessing for our hard toiling, and that you may see fit to give me one of your. prizes. May God '"' blase America you and your family. Remaining your pat1onate servant allvays BERISFORD I G. !UTCHELL retiree vetterant --------------

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Booth, Charles; Colon Post Office, Colon, R.P. In the year 1911 I arrived in Panama. date not remember 1 year 1912 January I start liork for Panama Canal as tool boy for s tardrill. My v10rk is of all kind, look after tool second get the time book at 7 o.olock. Next where I can get grass go look for it to plug the etardrill old. 9 hours a day at 7 oBnt a hours life was hard but what must I do. Keep 11orking on till' make a change as helper for stardrill. from 7 cent to 9 cent a hours in Empire Cut. From second to the last out at Empire out I still have to take time book back to the otfioeJ Then etranfor come to leave Empire Cut 1913 to gamboa dike. lea,ding stardrill gang to gamboa then my pay vrent up to cent. ,. Where iHi drell old 75 feet deep &: 80 feet deep to let Shargreas water watr enter the canal 1914. Editor to see the earth move God knows rrhere earth goee. It was a great''day :",::> when all the great men from state to eee the dike blase. There wae a flud pipe at the bottom of the Canal and the day when to blase the dike, 75 tun orean was their, one of the great man f U.S.A. send me Chae Booth, an 2 others to make fast with cable to the pipe, It was great to see water pass through pipe. 3 of us order to run upon down picking up store upon do1m as mad man. On top of the bank of the canal they catch our pitchur en when return each gat a dollars. Then after that the swioh on. i'fater gone to a eight Alandtio Fasefic vrater met throuc;ht undie v1ork of U.S.A. on by the healp of the great Lord that to day the is at Large is living through u.s.A. God bless U;S,A. I Charles Booth now only gating 33 dollars 65. Mr Editor I leave my I my life in your hand to see if you can see vrith me for a 15 dollere more to healp me on. Nothing I have to say I am ,.;atlng on your repply. Trusting these word may met your aprovnl ---. I .L .. i l .. ----........... ...... _j

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Bowen, Samuel N!i Estnfeta Parque Lefevre, Panama, R.P. I leave Barbados on January 07 Land in Panama on 15, Started to work on the 16 First place Tabernilla Forman Mr work Rail Road next Gatun 1908 l{r Mack1ne work Rail Road Mr Keller Gatun Locks and Dam Pedro Miguel 1914 Mr. Sampson Locko and Dam untill retired. In those days experances was great. Conditions were rough we had to have a ticket to get the food. Without that ticket we could not eat or eleep. Many other places of 116rk But I think that this 1s the most important part. I am SPJ.IUEL N BOWEN )" ., ';. l. .... i I I L I .::, .. ::.: .. ,, ... ;._ ... .. r ; .... ...... I I

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' '[ r t I --------Boyce, Clernont C.; 1'.0, Lo;: 12'70, Colon, of Panama. Arri ve:d in lon::t,nc. llU[';tW t 190.9, L'.soignccl to uork august 11th as n bush clearer, nt the now ().tun lake; later to the gatun ao a carpEnter, H1th one Dvers11er, didnt keep a complete record of the time, hut it 1ent to years then to the c;atun loclm Nhere the fc11ndo.tion Nan st"eum Dhoveled, preJXJ.rinc forms nncl cul vert:J, a Vi'Y dn.!'.::erous job th overhead crtmes o.ntl concrete bvckGts aome'Glmes the buckets clroppGd P-cciuent:,ly k1ll1nc r.o8E, o.m:J injurinc others, brealcing forms and to n tUotrmcG; nn mrful oi('lht, }Jnny 1-1ore Jdlled, many injuretl, Creoles, Spr.mia.rds 1 1/est Indiana, o.nc1 others, At lant tho forma set 1n place, concrete poured :'.nd the l.'alln c.J,o,p_pod, rith much loss of life and. labor. 1'hrou3}1 n.ll of thio tlme 1>'e had many chanr;es 1n off1cersJ Nith General _Goethclo, :'h.lor Jarvis :'.nd others; At laot the ,locka 1rero completed, 1ith lives loot and property destroyed, Dut I 1-1au op:1r,ad throur:Jl of the (3l'Eiat dangers; 1 tha,nk God ero.tef'ul for my e.xisteco until today. After the Batun brld(;eo Nere co!lpleted in the fore bay, ,.I ._,. transfer eel to Dalbo:J. with one Hr. Dill Inman, Started build of clocko, tranofered V-ain to tho Dcf'unt Cool inc Plant at Cristob('.l; there I had o. narrmt escape of death, IThlch took. life, and. the broken leg or the foreman, .l>lr. Lar.ry Lodge on a: ,. floatinr:. crane scttlne; 1:'. buoy at the break water. Th1nf5S t1ere near no1 ,,,nd I 1-ro.s transfered to the then Building Divieion, 1lth Hr. t1rbys Floatinc; c;ane; at the to1m site or Iie1 Cric tobal; Fiere I \:orked at Dilvor City Heights, Hhich ended in 1927; I cot a job at the Nt. Hope Cold Storac;e ITr'.3 retired from tho com;,Jicsary Division, after. being there for 22 yearn. Thus ended Tn'f C['.rcer in 19lJ9. Yrn Trly C LE !LHT C DO:.'CE

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-. Bramble, l-1anleyJ Eetafeta Parque Lefe'bre, Panama, R.P. From a injury claim. I was working in Empire cut in _the ;;;onth of Marc}). 1913 with a Boas name of Albert, riping up track lines, and reparing and burning polinee, at the rate of tan cents per hour, and you have to work as a toea job you are doing, if not the Boas said to you go home, give me your check you are no good. One day I waa very tired, eleven oclock came to have dinner I went under soma side dump care wh1ch_wae left upond a aide switch, and after I finish eat 1 fell asleep, with my Jaok!lt fold up on the iron rail as a pillow I fell' some thing touch -.:..; me, I made a b:).g jump from under the car, and at the ,same _time I saw the wheel of the dump car out my Jacket right in two pieces 1t ;ras a day which I 1-1ill never forget. My last day was -' at Empire-bridge when the water was place into the Canal._-,:--.. : ,_-Hany thanks. HANLEY BF-:A!.;:BLE ; ; .. ;c \ ....

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Brevrster 1 Joseph; c/o P.o. Box 361, Colon, R .P. Urged with the desire to travel and to earn e. living, I left the leland of Barbadoa, on Royal Mllil "Solan", and arrived in the City of Colon, Rep. of Panama., on Hay l, 1906. I was only 16 years old. Imm!)die.tely on my e.rr ival I 11ent to work at Peter Miguel, ,, i on the track lines, under the supervision of L1ttle, who ad as hie a so istant, one Hr. :-Iiller, coll'.monly known as "one Hand Miller." These men were both American Citizens, On this job I worked for a .couple of years. At that time order to maintain our health nsainst malaria and dysentery, wh1oh were .. .. 'l' taking the li vee of tho workers daily, tre were Biven quinine liquid, twice a day. The quinine carried to the camps by ... members of the department, and were transported 1n oan ... .'c:': teens carried on tho baoks of tho dispenser. Each eeotion had a rest house to vrhich vrorkers at the sli17.htest sign of dysentery were carried, and a mesa hall vrhere the fed. I can remember seeing Gen. Geo. Goethals and Major Gaillard visiting our camps dally, and we at times observe them standing on "Gold Hill", now called "Contractor's llill", overing the men at work digging the Big Ditch. During these dayo each employee provided himself with a small bottle containing kerosene and coconut oil, which we.e r-ubbed on the exposed parts of their bodies to keep away sandflies and mosquitos. Our drinking water was usually boiled before using. Carrying dyn.'J.mi te p
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i -r;y Brewster, J. p.2 took m'e along with him. At the Coaling Station 1-lr. McF.arlane supervisor and Nr. Morgan his assistant. The work done there was the of caissons for the building of the Coal ing Plant. Our work me to look after the 1 Emerson 1 pumps. Many lives lfere taken in.the buildine; of the caissons. After many years of work at the Coaling Station I was promoted man for reloa.ders (those who fill coals on ships). During the 1922, \Wrked as wiper on the and thereafter transferred to the boathouse under supervision or Capt. Westcott. \men President Theo. Roosevelt came here on his inspect ion of the cut, I was one of the \'torkers who operated the pump car, carrying him from Culebra to Empire. During the digEing of the cut, we had rain every day. The_ workers had difficulty keeping their clothes dry. \ie worked rain or shine, day and night. It was Pres. Roosevelt, if I .. :remember \iell, who recommended that a dry-house be built in every section BO that the men would.be able to have their clothes drtlld i'r.r r.epl!icement. During these days the Anoon hospital maintained a hearse drmtn by two horses, to convey the dead through the day, to the cemetery. \lhilc nt the boat house I had the pleasure of taking sever al Congressmen on trips to the Chagres. I had the opportunity. of working \thile the Prine e of \ie.les and a Governor General of Canada, on different occasions, of course, were taken to the Chagres Spill11ays. \mile ut the boat house I served under the follo<'line; Port Captains: '.iestcott, i>!cNair, Junker, Schrnidt, Simrnerton, 0' Leary, :Parson. After hn.ving passed several years working on the u.s. "Rodman", where I had the pleasure of attending Governor Schley c.nd many other Governoro of the l'ana:na Canal, retired under Ca];lt. Schmidt, ln 195L1. JU3Eii! BRE\ISTER :;,,. .. :''i -\ 1 'i J l i ; f l i J I r I I I

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Brown, Lessep o.; J. Arooemena Street, Box 4673 (Balboa? Panama?)0c/o J. A. Hilliams. I, Lessep o. Brown, Born in Panama of West Indian Parente. Started to work 1904 as \"later Boy up to about 1905 in the Track Gang Then I was shifted over as Switch Tender and Flagman from around 1905 to 1906 In 1906 November and December as Brakeman in the I.c.c. with Yardmasters, Barnett and Coban. After it called Tran.aportation Division. The Yard Office was at Paraiso, .at that time I ran Brake up to around 1910. When the big wreck around Diablo CurVe with Engines 289 and 262, I was the Brakeman on Engine 289, the name of the Oon-. ductor on Engine 289 was Anderson. Engine 289 was shoving 18 Ledgerwood Cars loaded and bound for Balboa ran into Engine 262 that waiting around the Curve for clearance to Balboa also, with a load of Ledgerwood earn. The Engine 262 1ms thrown into the Ditch from.the impact; some of the Cars also went down with her into the bulrush as the result of the accident. As I 1.ras standing in the center of the train looking out, I sighted the aanger, I had to Jump for life. At that time I was goine by the name of Joseph Brown. I was then terminated after three days. Between 1910 and 1912 I v1as then reemployed over ih the Pacific Division, at Mirafloresw under Yardmasters: J. J. 0-Moore, Boyd, Thompson and Penman, and J. Holme, Trainmast sf'. I 1'/aa then reemployed in the :rac1fic Division at l-11raflores as Brakemen, and worked on Engine 297. I also l'lorked as Flagman at Corozal Tower. Dispatching trains from various Tracks. There my n!llDe was changed from Josew Brown to Lessep o. Brown which is my correct name. After the Pacific Divieion tills transferred to Balboa I went back braking I also v1orked on Engine 204, that was between 1913 to 1914, I also workeCIJ on the Transmission Line painting. Gang. .. '" i i i ,, t

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" Brown, L. o. -p.2 1914 I ;me reemployed in the Dredgine; Division in the Survey Department Thora I continued in active service up until May the 31, 1954, when I 1ma retired as "Physical Disability. Respectfully submitted yours, LESSEP 0. BROWN DR #6406 SUPI'LEl>!ENT In the year 1904 when I started to work a a Water Boy. It at the Dump on the \'/eat aide or Pa.raiao. .,_ Then around 1905 I still work as Water Boy between Ooooracha and Para1ao which ia the east aide or the Canal. The Foreman at that time 1-1aa Dagley. !'',>::;'-'/' ... .-I I I cannot definitely remember what year the train yard and Office were shifted to ?edro Miguel, but at the time of the wreck the Train Yard and Offioe were at Pedro Miguel : I 'I I i, I

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I l-:-1 --. ,. ... -------------------Brorrnie, Norton; M St,, Cn.sa 10-L16, Apt, 30, Panama, R.P, 'l'hio is n. elite lucoa from v1het I exporiucea on my arrival in year 1906 }'eby 22nd. This is a true story, I 1vns placed to r10rk in Canal to 1ork Hith the stenm shovel, I am glad to -state that I Here uble to stick to thnt class of 110rk until it Has completed Then I rms sent to worl-:: on the Locka, as acarpenter, I am very proud to say the living at that time l>aan t very pleasant, I came v;et to my home and leave for "'10rk in rain, during this time I Has attach to the f.JOI'IdGr Gangs working 1n ) Cut myself & others very early in morning w.e were preparing holes to blast. When r1e heard alarm He ran to aee what had happened, to my surprise eeen one head r1ore off and others injuried. That ... ia my exporence it Continue ttl> work until they retired .me;" (One man who head were off, his mnne Forbes, Foreman) I beg to remain Yro Fraternally NOF;'l'Ol BHu \-:!liE -----------------------------------------------------------

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'' -----\ ---Bunting, Isaiah; _______ Bendita, Chilibre, R.P I receive your note. I am very glad. 11ell the first, No 1. When I did come on the in 1910, I start to work at Gamboa high way. The first job. In 10 or 11. I was only 19 ears old, working pick an shuvel at the rate at 10 a hour rasing tracks and laying up on and down all around, My forman name was Mr Relleney. I dont know if spell it right. But is straw boas is nnme \-las will cook or lee cook. Well from that I leave and go to Golgona V.achine Shop at Baas Matachin. In the foundry shop the seoon (2) time I got a .Job with Mr. Boyed, a molder helper. Is eeoon is name was Mr. Smith. Well i go on that. earring hot mettle in the ; .j I I L evening. ,I got burn a copple times. Take me to the hospital, And I got heel. ',tell I went back to work at the Job,' Working .. ',. .. fine and till they put me out side to clean up casten with a small gun an my tools. In the even go to casten in side. Well I work there an till when time to put water in the canal. And they stranfor us to Laboc_!:\ foundry sam at empire dare. Because the '1-Tae not all ready, then when it is finish the rest of us up there. \iell I .work ther.e on till word com in. Then they start to laid off us, and stranfor some to Colon machine shop, outing do"m wages. \/ell. sir I drop in the fire. Well I started to run and run a round. But could pick up, But at last I went up the Sae;re hiver 11her they have a. plantation whare they call the lemon plantion at Gatun secin No. 3. Well I got a job there. Farm work crubbing and plogin. I a job kitchen elper, fro,m there they put me and the othr side 9f the river with plo1-1 men an tractGr are working. The name of the boses \tas Hr. Fore;eson and Mr. Secret then comes Mr Spearan Mr. Durvin. Well I ;:orked h"ith one of the tractor men, itching on and drop off, an then the boss take me away an put me to run a electric pump for the vetable the i \tork an work and till thy t :.:; take me again an put me and the sta1m gang from Gatun to Gamboa.. \-11th colored man is name lias Smith. earringsuply from the far to Gamboa and buyin up goods on bages a lance called the Dority. And from that they stranfar me again to capt in on the same lance with Hanuel Galban, then now. I got to stay at Wamina plantation. Hr. Snage for he was the boss of the lanches. \1hy they worry me so much I was a good man belo the water. Diving. Onoe Mr Spear was loding a tracter to .. go .. fy -----------------

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Bunting,. I. -p.2 out. a bany. e eaeon [or e eae on"? J On some mich-futun the tractor over bard in the Sagre. Ie a good thing I was standing by at the time. He add on a clock and ae he 1as going over Hith the tractor I grab on the clock and pull him bac with me. then 1iho as to go and do that Job down under the \rater Is Bunting sir. That they dori.t keep study. at on place at all. Men fight for me in gangs white and black. Then know when all those Jobs close lay off ,and give out to Centers contrao No.4. Then I go to maddam.dam and work there. With Mr. Marbry chief ene;er. And Mr l>lechel. under falling and grubbing. !-laking road from camps to camps. They forman was Joe Ewin a black man he runs the owl ganga. Bouth matac or axe. asses and dymit. I work along with him for a few weeks and he put me ae a pueeher under h1m as a helper Making tral for diman drills an small drills, making trails and roads to take them throu. And from ther up to eanjuan cleaning up all river bases both water an land up to Oulabra crick, finish everything an come back to maden dam. And got laid off, finish all jobs. Than, Contras come in and laying down fondation, dry the Sagre and start to vTOrk, then who as start the jobs leave out like a out of a river. Joe Edwin stranfor to Pedmegel to Mr. R. A. Cauthers, he \'las the general forman over all jobee. Then joe ewin him to, and he send for me, because I was a very good man on a jackhammer. That was the 5 job I do and Panama Canal, now take me to lacoba Soso hill, to drill start driling, some tinea runing pane car some time feed the crues all around. Now thinge;etting low again Laying off com again escuse my rishten becsuse I only have one eyes. I can berly see, but prase God I am still living Mr Oambley surpendend take .me to Gamboa, 1'1hen they was:' putting down he put me over the drie;ing gan. Jack hammer cutting cutting and malting Water and toilet drain then every thing 1-1aa finish again, laying off. \'fell I run and run around, an till I met a friend name of peat working at Gatun mesa all byine; stuff for the mess, he say to Bunting boy the etuward vmnt a sood elper in the kitchen let take a wark I sed off. The of the bose wa.s c. A. Miller. And the eturday name vrao Hr. Henry. Then I start in king as a elper in 3 weeks I first cook. That was 6 job on the Panama Canal. Then I 11ork and 1ork my way up on till they stranfor me at the new mess handling over 3 or 4 thousand of men feeding. The bosses was new, But I eat to with them, and they care :. f L .;L -----------------'' -____ j

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Bunting, I. -p.3 for me. Tha:t was J.lr Sho.ffo and Hr Amlet, and I was along with them an tlll them get a sro.nfar to the ablo ele;h at balboa elgh and they took me alone; 1lth them. That was the 7 and I work there o.n tlll they leva, and I there. G:hanglng stu,.,ard, then come Hr fry, an he goes to then come Mr. l'lagna. Then I g1 ve up the goat no more all through 1mr I alone 1n that clubhouse, an the lord, black out com all night me an the lord, ant111 the war f1n1oh, 1iorklng there alone 1s 5-7 month. Then I tb.nnka uncle sam 1vha.t he as:xl.one for me from I .was a boy at 19 up to 45 -God be with you all for ever and ever I hope the lord may keep all wepons from you all armen I cant see much, one eye I remain yours truly old man ISAIAH BUN'riNG !"i .I I '.. .. .. .. l ; ... ,"; ------_______________________________________ ., __j

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Burton, Eutace I oame to Panama in 1899 and in 1907. I work at Rio Gronde dam as a water boy with the water service in Rio Gronde. My ICC \fas 12896. Then in Culebra at Gold Hill with English as a water boy in 1908 at Impire train yard as awter boy. 1910 and 1911 as a switchtonda in Culebra Cut at that time the Gold Hill lide oame to the out in 1911 and 1912 the rooks came down from the hill of the west bank men workin under the hill were killed while many more \fere truck by flyin rooks the Basol bispo explsno the greatest accident that as occurred in the o/inal in December 1908 t\renty six people were kills and a dozen were permaneently maimed the Lirio bridge that crosses the canal at Lirio Black S\'lamp lias about five miles south of Gatun _and is known as Black Swamp The tunnel at Mirafores is 736 long 15 feet wide 2li hle.h abovo the tope of the rails. In 1914 I .. Y-\'lorked on Dook 4 EUTACE BURTON 8506 ... ------------. --------------,_ ., I -, .... i' i r..; I Ill ; ... .. Ill I ; _, ---:__J

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Butcher, John Oswald; Apu.rtado 7719, Panama, R.P, I -landed ln Colen on Je.num'y 12, 1906 from the 1siand of and travaled by trnin to tho first place of my Iothmi:::m liv:inc, tc be t:ith a cousin 1".'!10 H
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. Butcher, J. o. -p.2 \funt called a cor;:;JiOB:.'.ry was located in Balboa near the spot that bfl.o UtG hache lor building on Barna bey Street, and right bcolde thJ.n, the auartcrmnster' a offico. From this point in 1909-1912, one coulCI. look at lrhnt is La. Uoca but \rould seo only l:C).tE.r (t.ho l'D.ciflc Oces.n). ';ie .lvoul<.l rmtch tho dump o.nc1 flr.t cr.'.rn :::.;rry stonc, and dirt f'rom other places, 1nclucUnc f'Wlr'l:; to fill tho lnnd for lthe.t is nm; beaut l.ful L-:-. !!Oc>.. flemov:J.l of the clec.d bq-:;an in 1912. Corpses \Tore from the cemetery llhl.ch .:::.< on the site of the present Admin istration BuilC:ine;, and tr.:Jr.en to Coroz.a.l lrhich lias opened then. The fl.rst set of :.'ent Indl.nn workers 1-1ero moved to La Boco. in October, 1913 n.nd the second set in Hovembor, 1913. Arthur DuSairo, r.:.nd John E<::.otmond, a i:x>lioem>.n, vrore the n.rct. Next batch J.nclu.ded Clifton Chandler .::.nd John Butcher. ;.rest of tho orl.p:inal residents .are now dcce:o:nod, I feel l)lessod to be still alive and chipping strong. Duri.ng that time thorr-rere only 6 family-houses in La Boca. Four uere two-story 1':r'aino houseo o.nd accomodated 8 famllies e>?.ch. Tuo uero four -fwnily cct tages. There was an outside HarJh-house, :1-nd >'.n outside bathroom since there were no indoor baths. /,lthoucJ1 there sor;;e kind of paved roads, one did not dare fO outolde t\t n1rrht fro:n one house to tho noxt u lantern f'or betHeen tho hour.ea were 'sharp rocl:ri D.nd rubbish of vurious lcinc1s Houses which 1rero buD.t e.lonr the "lines" in tho very early 1900' e .worr tllrm transferred frot1 all ov":r in box cars to thn nr1'1 Ln. ,.locn. The r.chool lmn built ln 1913 and tho ten.chcrH-ucrE' from tile \lor:t Indies. llr. Innis, no1'1 d()cOaC'Eci,, 1/!'tc tl:e fir:;t. princip:\1 in the nevr .com munity for In l:1.tor yc:,.rc: .hen e l..rc 1n"ui;ic1ent fe.mily quart.crr-; in n.".lbon., ,,o:: of :.''c hOilf.'.0S in r. cert['.in strE'et in La Doc<' ,:ere improvGcl ord '.'l' to J'.<>uJ; c ROI!lC U.s. ro.te families. Hence the ne.mo "r::olJ" strcGt for lrh...,.t lc-.tcr vms n:!med Tr.ini d:u'l Street. tll<'.t t:l:;n(; '!.:>. citlz.
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I I F'J Butcher, J. o. -p.3 among the good olll. train r.tntions or trairi stops. Some of those under Hater after the openinG of the canal or the buildine; of the Dam; however, Balboa, Pedro Gamboa,. Frijoles r).nd Gn.tun o.re still in existence. I Horksd c.pp;.oxi;w:.t ely 14 hours daily durine; the build lng of tho AdminlcJtr"'.tjon During 1906 I Has tro.ns portod dt:>.ily by 't.1a1n from C\!lobra to cut up rlhat is known as pigload for ufle in pltm'oinr; t;ork. ,:,ont of those houses on ;1e r/Orked c.re noN taken d01m or sold. Gomo or the land marks that nr10 still include the Tivoli Hotel, now called the Tivoli Gueot llouso and tho Hiraflorea Electric Plant ( 1913). Just about the only r ema1ning fu:nily 1906 model still standing in tho one in which tho Diotrict Judg$ lives. Dur1nr; the buildlne of this llouss I Harked ..rith Hr. Kenney. The foreman plwaber 1n Ancon at time Nas Hr. Carter. Aa a huoky, stron(c., active, youne; man who never afraid of work, I was abmya in cle,JJand. 1 otill have the joy of just knov1inp; that there o.re so fe\ of those early houses on which I did not 1-10rk. I hnve 1rorked e.ll over the Canal zone wherever Horkero were noet1 ed nnr:; even o.o far as Porto nella and Cape i:'omo or the rlistrtct nue.rtermastoro under vrbom I worked i.n the early dt>ys and nrlor to 19llr 1-1i1on water entered the Canal wore; hoy of Cld Crictobul (worked wlth him twrbce); nob of O?.tun; J. li. g:. Hu:nphroy of Tavernilla rnd San l'ablo; 1:. C. of Gorp;ona (also ,orked with him John 'i. ':iT![' of L:l.A r.aRcad8s (worked 111th him in Las caec<.d::t[' 2.nt1 flr>.ll>oa); l!ob [;,J!ith or. Pedro }ally fro:Q /,!icon to Ba.lboa and La noca reflpect :tvel.Y', :mtil the :::overn:nent l:incUy e;uv.e us a mule and n Har;on. In 1Sll3 11e e;ot '' Ford truck .,lUt Here un;J.ble to move iL ovn J:;.J.t;u'' idll co.s viC did 110t know ho'n to use the to the co1:1.l we pushed it und created quite a lot of .fun for t110 ;iJach:.hi<;ts vrllo h01cl to oxplain the use of o. clutch a.nd nlto" uc llo:r to drive. Actu<.>.lly, neither l-lr. Nolan or my:Jclf h0\1 to ;lrive. 'l'hia trould never happen today, would it? ... L-11..--------------------'-----'

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0 J, 0. -p,4 ThGre mo.ny :;o.d accidents. l ooce sa.w three .workmen at Culsbr-a. lwnbGr yurd oat on a. railroa.d tre.ck under a boxcar to eat their lunch. c1incc there 11as a Cl.nily two-hour lunch period, the.r fell G.oleep lunch nappinz ;;ith the hope of r:et t inc up for rQturn tv duty. Defore a\:al':ine; however 1 an eng,_noer stA.rtod to 1novo the to c.nothcr line and un knOIYirJBlY, k.illod o.ll tbtee of t;,om. ;,nothor accident h!!pponed 1n the S<.me r.:.ren, but t:Cis tir;e th.:: v1ct1rn hen.rd the enr::ine. Ti1iB poor Chim.l.::Jan in P.t tempting to oscnpe cot hie body mane;led in tho l'lheelc of the tra.1n. Hie l10!'.d severed and I actually heard his volcc. cry out "ya ya." The first road to Gt"'"l.loo., or ill fact tho traj.l wae bu.ilt qy Culebrn r-risonsrll ::;oing throu.::,.h. Puruino Hill in 1908. l'.n experlH:e a I 'rill nov ,:r 1/0.:J the big explosion in. Bas Obispo on Dece!Jller 1;?, 1908 uhlch killed .many people :As I those t.ol.rible con::J:-.ruc'.;lo:-1 d(!.ys, t'1at 11ere so fUll of flacri.ficee e.nd rw.rdohipa, I f'il"mly believe thnt all of the Woe;t. Indir..n survivor::; nnd particularly those ccntrlbuted so much of themP-elvee before water' wns let: into the Canal : ::'' ohould uh:ayo be es>oiully rE>me-:JJbercd :;.nd kindly treated. Fooci. wno d1ff1cult to r,et 1'l'D!D private restaurants. This mc.cl.e life unuounlJ_y .rour.h for b:cchelonJ and there 1-H'ro BO many bf tllem. Host of u" came: from oul' hoillele.nds in search of ':!o!'k il::qrrovo:nent. .: e turnec.l out to be pioneers in a fore icn 1'he ?.-.,.naP.Ja l elqJlo_v eu ahn.y s able to cut sino e there nesr; h:.lls a.lons the "lines" wherever 1rork Hue on. '"';;;lo_vce only 1-w.cl to prooent hio me:J.l ticket .'l.nd in turn W'.'.s feel c. 1nc:al of coLl;cc.l rico wbicll Has hard onou.,:y'l to s!1oot der:rr., cnuce q:..r.:<:.d ull OVE:r tl;o :cico, and a of te.at. 1-rhich many men eithc'r: !'pent nn hcur tryine to chm-1 or eventually thrc\J ::'.\my bccnuse it li:tS too hurd. Along Nith our rice A.Tid m0P.t <'::!.Ch one lm:1ded a lo::!f of bread 1hich se:e;nod. so H:i.tll our :Kta.l cc.1p of coffee. Three n:e9.ls a dt?-.y coct o:1ly .27. Jh:cc thEre \:ere no J.uxurics, th<:TE .1ere no so .-:e eitl:o r:r"t on tho 1_-',I'ODnd or remained s_t.-ncJin(.' to O!'.t. '.there \r ... s lots cl' 'IJl'.l.ri:. fever. Sick men IIEre tuken to the on du J)J truckc c.nc.l needless to say .':10\r vexy o1' t.'.t.lon fJuilcline; 2.;1tl aec:.dquartora of the Isthmian Cr.nal 1-raa moved from Culebra to Balboa Helghta in .. -------

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_, t l Dutcher, J. o. -p.5 1913 and 1914, of all construction towns E.lone; the Crtnal 1>'ch tu1nn :::.8 Coroz:tl, L'l Boca, and Do.lbco.. The IJEn on t!Jis \:o.':l: r::::;ie;n:.:e-nt knO\vn as the "tre.V(linc cn.rls." Tlll8 ':::.:: a L lme i:hen men ,Jere proud of thC'.ir ability to turn cut /;r<:l t.:nn a ases. Even 1-rith butter at, .. '.' n.bout .30 per pound untl coffoe r.1.t .25 per pound, tho sa.lar1es of .10, .12, .lG per hour !Jroved lor a !ann \Ianting to li V decently. ,\nyonc ITho J.:Lcl Hot report to was evicted v; lthout delay. 1 l'o"t\G r:.L11er fortunate \I hen the quarter:naster hoes ancl polio e of:Llcer "'-'r.lc C'.ruuni..1 to ov:!.ct c.ll erJat ilO!:ie. ;;o out to b0 ono of tiJ' oun 11bosooe" H!Jc (pvc; 1ne the cl:olce oi removing r:.ther tll"Il bo thro\m out. In u "li10rt uhilo, iw:JGvcr, I u::-;: l'ir;ht b;.!.cJ: in l:lY job !l'c!'.U)Ution to t.i"JE' b.l.llcl.l.n,:.-of the Ie.n::una. GClYic'.l. l fcel p:ccl'.u of l.i:,' :to_;Jlly ccn:.-L:.tin:; of r.Jy wifc L'.nd. fow: d<.'.u::J.t nll of .. : rere burn r:.n,; ;:octly rcarsd in La !Joe<:.. I i\Just odd ti,:.t I '''" :; t:.lll aE:!oy(C:. to c:\y that I have no pin IJor of'f"icl<>.l '"e:l8nto V;..<>.t I con proudly Ecnd justly show en 1't"'r my /;lt yc:trs of faltr'".i"'l.tl rnrvlcc, I reel ti;}C' :r:r fe>r I.Lll ''icr_ t l;;ctl'"n c.ldt:lrners rotlrcd tc I alr.o fc.ol th"t '.re sllc::uld bG given t.hc cppoxtunl ty ,;;:i' E.;; L,c nom: Lhlnr 1;c. l1elpcd to bu1:ld the ran:'rlc. C::-.nal c.; ;tl tho Lncl"o. I do not rofsr to the Cut, i::ut the .. -... ---.. ----

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Cadogan, Samuel; no address, postmarked Colon, R.P. Start with the P.R.P.. labor in the year in Corozal s eo l'o.nama. CADOGAN S. .. ; :. r i .L -. .,.-. -' -

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Carmichael, Leslie; General llelivery, Colon Poet Office, Colon, R.P. On reaching I'unr.ma in January of 1907, I was taken to one of the old French camps loc.:..ted on the Chae:res river, The following day we wore tuke;n to Tabernilla, Tabernilla itas e. small section 1hore the work was started through dense jungles, the tools given to us were a pick, shovel.and maohatte, from there we cutting brambles, trees through slmmp lands, across rivera, the condition was of such that froro day to dn.y ;;e were 1et leaving the job and returning ,. the following day with no thine; dry to wear, The first there were two were prep!l.ring Mr. Bob Sheetz foreman I with I don't remember his name, other foremen l!r. l.Dftea and ll!r. Greenstage who ,. the land for du;nplne; from Tabernilla. to: Frijoles also thEre, The vtork ;.1as dangeros had to be ah1ay looking for snakes wero plant iful and deadly, lions which roamed the jungle in Pc'l.Cks, also The tisers were the most ferocious. An experience that I havE' all'lay remembered the time while the gang were laying railo, we Here short of drinking water I was among the men sent to p;et a supply to be taken from the Chaeres river, 1e were to use e. pump oar to carry the eight five gallon cans an a fifty gD.llon barrel, On our way "'e were folloi1ed by about ten lions running. behind the car, they were getting closer and closer to us while holding the barrel with one hand to steady it I took one of the cans and use to scare them off by hitting it to make a noise that drove them away. Water to drink rTas very h<.rd to get to supply so much men that were after we had gone so far in the jungle, there 11ere times we would lie on our stomach and drink whatever water in si3ht to quench our thiret, by drinking water that way a lot of the Horkers died from black fever and yellow fever for there was no other way that water could be acquired, The ltork was hard D.nd dunr;erous with the sight of men .. .: "" ;.. -: .. L .. f rr '. .. f' ..... ,. r .. ... :--...... r.

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. :' Carmichael, L falling s1ok nnd dylnc from day to dayo at that time still on the ralls lt1th such hardships o.round us a little ditty was sung "Somebody dying ever-y day, 11 anuther '1-ras 11 Hard work today Ba Congreja," with those and "Iron J3ar11 the men would work 1n harmony l1ft1ng and hauling ralls, sett!n1:5 and spiking 1n place for the dump cars. Respectfully l-ir LEfJLIE CARHICHAEL .. ,":_:: 'j:'! ': ;.: .. l' : ... i. .. ... ---

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, .. l --,-.. J 1 I .! ,. Carr, Handel; //23U7, flpt, 6, 4th Dt., Rio Abajo, Panama, R.P. EnterGd into the lnthmlo.n Cn.nal the lOth of Aue; 1911 I IWrJ in the Hnter wo.y num1lng Star Drill in Empire alec and roads in livine; is vsry-hard. I ltas burn by fire in Panama I am askins for a lettl3r help and also a fire victim in I'ano.ma nnd out of clothing and shoes also. I need plenty of help I am not getting muoh retirment C29.oo ... ------------l .I -----------. -----' I

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Cho.mbers, Robert T.; General Delivery, Colon P.o., Colon, R.P. I booked passaee on the Roye.l Hall Steamer "Hagd.a.lena" which sailed from Kingston, Jamaica, B.l-1.1., Friday, Feby. 2let1 1913, and arrived in Cristobal Sunday Feby 23rd 1913. was a of Hotel in the I.c.c. Hotels and the Manage ment were looking out for men to fill the Gaps. Jllyself and sev-. eralother fellows were ta!{en on for "Gorgona Hotel" as waiters. I worked there for a couple of months, but the conditione did not suit me eo I quit I was determined to get a Job of some kind. I was walking along the Railroad Track and met up with a Railroad Gang at \lork and the Foreman took me on and set me to work right a11ay, That was no easy going, no bad of roses. From 7 am to 4 P.M. at 10 per hour, in Sun & Rain. sometimes we found ourselves working, not even a gust of wind blowing, covered with Persperation dripping do1-rn when all of a sudden a heavy .. downpaur of Rain on us no where to get a ohelter, drenched to the e!dn & had to stay that way till qu!tting time. We than board our Pump Care to take us home to Camp. On several occasions going to or from work we see Train Signals & the Train coming eo close toward us that we bearly have time to jump oft and 4 men grab the Trolly Car off the rrack with not a minute to spare before the Train dashes by. During the Rainy Months of the year I was sent out as Nip,ht Watchman from 6 P.M. to 6 A.M. to watch along certain parto of the R.R. Track where rocks & Boulders might get loose & come down to block the Track. In those c5.GYti the Health Dept issue Quinine to the men to keep away Fever etc. lie could get a .50 Coupon Book to purchase Food Stuff, etc. in the Co may. 1 Loaf of Bread for li.ice, sugar, etc. at low prices. Not now. After water wae let in the sections after eect1one had to be abandoned and R.R. Tracks had to be taken up. Here again ''a R .R. men had a toue:.h Job. had to go through 11ater and mud earring Raile Hith F.n.il Tonge to load on Flat Cars to be taken to plc:ces of safety. \,'hila o:tl R.R. Section Gang, ,there ''aa a vacancy for a Porter at Gatun R.R. Station and I was selected from a Gune of 23 men to fill that vacancy. I got on that job in 1924 & served under many Station Agents from Porter to station Helper, till the 'iast station !-!aster was removed. I spent 28 years at that Station till my retirement in 1952. All through 4 years of l'iorld \"lar No 2 ![was on duty there. Nolof I can say thanks to God for keeping ll!'l & that God .,

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Chambers, R. T. -p.2 bless u.s.A. that ohe continue to feed the World. Respectfully ROBERT T, CHAl.ffiERS D.R. 5372 ::-. ...'. -' I L

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Chase, Leonard A.; Gamboa Post Office, Gamboa, C.z. I arrived 1-la.rch 22 1906 at Gorgona and start to work the 23 at Basmatterchln loading cars 'fT1th stones, and working on track line, moving rails, pushing cars. Then the name changed Basmatterohln Shop to Gorgona Shop, at thls the rate was 10 per hour, we had to take meal.t1ckets to get your meals,' 30, leaving us .so proper a day. Then I work in the power plan as oiler and as fireman, Blow the whistle to start, and to coma off. The boas was ?-11'. 0. Sand Berg ., .-.. -.. (" ..... r I I I l I t I ... I ; ) I i -' ,..,, I

PAGE 86

J J J J J [ I [ t J-1 'P 9 Citronella, St. Justo F. ; Ecto.fcto. l'VGhlo Nuevo, l'a.n:unn, R.P, I came to the Inthmun in the year 1907, on tho 11th of April. I started l>or!cinr; fo1 tho ";:nter Ucorv:l.co Divioion" in 1908. I 1rorked for the Sr>.nitary Depn.rt!r.cnt r>.bout the oame year. The Hork cloocd do1m in 1909; :'.nd I 1mo omployEd by the "Dred. e;lne; Divioion" for a fe11 montho P.nd started HorJ.:inr; for the "il!echanicD.l Division" in 1')10 thru 19't9, 1-1hen I 1ms retired, I 110rlc ao u Jlo:llermaker, l"'ipe Fitter & Hose Bepear er. Durinr.; thooe yenrs from 190[\ to 19L!9 I vmo never fired; I wuo frorr. one job to the other. My Horkins experience vraa very cordial almost vri th all my co-1rl;:ers und supervisors. I had no .trouble, to Cod be the Glory. Yours very truly ST. JUfl'l.'O F. ClTRONEU.O. ... I u -, ... ... ... -.. ...... -..... ;"':-.,,_ .. .. "" ---

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------- f f [ ). I <)c) Clarke, Aaron; D.R. ;1'6580; Colon :Post Office, R.l'. I arrived at Dock known ::ts the Royal Dock at Colon on o. rr.ontluy mornine Dec0mher 17, 1906; was placed on boe.rd a train n.nd taltcn to Gatun. \le c;ot off the train at Gatun north of Jnmnica tCJ\m, o. section uhore people lived east of the l'!lm'Jlla Rail r:or..d trnck. ':ie '.1ere told to take any of our bo.GSnge thut 1-1e cotild lw.wllc conveniently; and anything that was heavy/ to leave, as it 1ould be taken care of by the Labour nnd Quo.rters Dept. \ic Here escorted over a lare;e pasture of land, crocsed a ditch made by two steam shovels No. 102 v.nd 104, the firot oMtldng ita first cut to provide a railroad track so thrit th' other shovel traveling behind could load the matereal in Oliver dumpcara used at that time, until later they 1-ms replaced by a hea.vier and larger type lmovm as Dump_, 'l'he ditch mention above. rew to be the Ga.tun Cut, and later became the (Gatun Lonlro Atlantic, Locks, In reffer1ng to the pasture that I had crossed we '' reached the camps; were the firot labourers of non United States citizen to dl-lell in houses built by the Isthmian Canal .Commission in Gatun. our predecessors lived in tents After the Authorities oe.1 thnt eo.ch of us ho.d had a bunlt, we journeyed bacl{ the 1/f!.y 1e ha.d cn.me :o.n.l>oilt the middle part of 1907. The rater we drank that timo 1o.s nterili7.ed; the place rlhere it 1ras at crili7.ocl was si tu11.ted .about three quarters of v. mile south of O:J.tun old. rD.ilroad str.tion, >.nd pumped in a ta.ru{ south of t
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I I .' I' i I : I 1t ,, Clarke, A, -p.2 GE!.tun Loclts 1'11le1 e the Locomotivt' sht-d nnd toilet is now situated; I mJ.B goinr; tmm .. rd the ce'!lent shed tlhen I passed a man, soon after somethinc me to look back and was in time to see the said man fell on the third rail (rail carrying electric current) a car No 5, the first to he equipted with trolly poles to run from ovcrher:d \'/ires 1:as approaching him I shouted und rr,.n to hil3 n.osisC1'.nce but the car overtook him and had pu!';hed hl;:J a1,out el.[,ht or ten feet and had stopped juot ns I reache-d the cr,.r-, I rGverst-d tho sttltch but the car was dead the p01er bein[c off, and others pushed the car off him he Hus to e. first aid station south of the Plant when the doctor ntated one of hie hu.nde (I dont remember whether it 11no his rie;ht or loft hand) was broken.--tl'lo places and u cut in his head he 1an rushe.lated in the cars from time to time during the day, second from the slwcl" of the third rail on which he fell; (the third n1.ils IH't'c f:l.rnt inntalled to convey the current to the cars f'or t;teir opporc..tion) and third the -heavy blou he recievetl on the ''nclt part of his her.> .. d Hhen he fell on the third rails caused h:i.o de::>.th i:nmedio.toly. After my servl.ce H1th the 13uildiJ,r-<1.nd Construct1on Dept had terminated I HorJ[ed n. little time :i.!l i'1nd1 Hith the Enrr, o.nd Constn Depart ment the no.ne of tbe 1-ms :;r, Clo.rks, but I did not ct"-Y there very long r.;:r next e;;Jplo.r 1cnt 1ac HJth the Sanitary Dept under t.he S.: pcrviG:ton of -:r, Brady I dur; ditches dropped :nosquito oil tl..r<'.1ns, clu5 crwes ucted as pall bearer nnd sometlmc;s v1!ren HC could nfford the time I performed a silort relieious ceremony. !iY experionce as far e.s I can remember I 1-1ill co b:-..cl-; to my life in the campo and that goes L,.._ _____________ ,. I ,... I r : I I .... I L I -

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Clarke, A. -p.3 for all of U9 ,1ho vrno livinc there. 'Ills camps \Tas fitt'ed with bunks for norma1 for el(jhty four men, and if presoed for accommodation more '"In those days the latrine or out office for oo.nltary convenience was about one hundr.ed and seventy five feet from some cif the camps, you were not allmwd to use a bas on or any other :iJrlumJ utensil in the ca:ap so you can i;naGj.ne tho hardship and difficulties that we. encountered in .those days especially on niB}l.ts when the r.'J.in 1me falling. l"le ';!ere not charged any fee for quarters or medical services, but was supposed to eat at the mess kitchen, every evening after work the foreman gave each man a ticket, that ticket was good for your eupper said aven ine; and \vould o.lao serve as a lodgine; check in caae the police man and rlatchman came around at as very often they did; also you we.:: fur'n15h breakfast dinner .the follmring day with the ticket you had recioved the previous day artor which it was destroyed. .You Here Given a ticket each day from monday to friday. Hhilo on Saturde.ys you recieve h1o. tickets, or should a holido.y occur you was also given a ticket to cover the holiday. As I had m_ontion above you didn 1 t pay for living in the camps but you better be sure to have a lodging check if the police and 1'Tatchman come around for they didnt accept excuses and once tnken you \lere charged for loitering and the magistrate showed no sympathy, most of the time it was llhirty dayo in for such offense. '.lis true at that time work was plentiful but some men suffered so badl:Y'-f'I'om 'fever and \VI:\S oo ic;norant .to shun .tho hospital that many times they fell victims throuGh their Q\In errors, fever in those days played a havoc of rnen, for I imlEruci>:..E:l!:E landed here on the 17th day of December 1')06 and on the 31st December 1906 I was in Colon l!oopitnl, but nlthou13h I have had fever several times the longent time I J,nu spent uith fever ,,as ten days. The oie;nal for out lir;ht at 9 oclocl: I'.H. 1ms given by knocking an old ansle bar kept nt the J(itchen for that purpose. During :klmx:k:S:lilD those enrly clr:tyo you could get 1o10rk any place, but although fever uttac)( wany men yet thoro Here men who \'/ere callouo of l!Ork t'.nd o. police officer whose ni!.me \'IUS Smith ;t:Bxrg;x (Ginger) 1t 1mo his clelic;ht to track dmm men who were not t'he;, 1cre sick or laz.y, and if proven wall they suffered the penalty r.-:r. D;nith uaed to ride a roan pony that oc;e:ied to be up to all tricks, but as the years roll on thlngo some men lived in the oarnps and poovided thd.r o;:n
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Clarke, A. p.4 when the rainy neuson 1ms on sometimes I had or three suits of clothes 1mrkine; n.ll wet not a dry piece to put on 1-1hen morning came for I to e;o to work. Dut the ma.Jori ty of us .uued a scheme to put on those wet clothes, that .is we took the clothes to tho bath ro01:1 with us and immediately leaving the shouer dryinc our ekin \-It' put the 1-1et clothes on, tool: our breakfo.st and vre.s off to Nork for anoth day of hard toil. Now comln13 to thG late period of Conotruction days About 1913 and 1914 1'/ork 1ro.s acr>.rce, because mo::1t of the conotruction rraa completed, :,icClintic ?larshall Construction Company who built a.nd han.n; the eat es uas practically finish, even the Dridgo Company 11ho built the emergency dams completed, so men wandered here and there in search of 11ork: and very often 1ma arrested by policemen for loitering and when placed before the ma13istrate never used reason in those day, they 1-1ore sent to prison. I remember one mornine 1 1ient out looking a job. not heariDB anythiDB I pass by the present. Rail Road Station at Gatun myself and another man, and when we 1aa nearing the bridgG I heard a whistle and turned in the direction the sound had came from and sa"1 it 1vas a policeman, I placed .roy right hand to my stomach in a manner implying-if ;, .. its me he 1-tanted, he (the policeman) pointed to my companion,, .... eo I in turn told my companion the police:nan wante.d him, as the policeman He. a coming our vmy we 1mi ted until he reached ua. He ask my comr.anion if he Has workine1 He (my companion) said The police::1un in turn told him to come and let the SerJeant ltno\_-t 1rhy he is not Horldng So the policeman took him another course While I kept onhorne .and when I heard from him again I le::-.rned he vms servine a term of thirty days in jail, I really never kne1i -what -taa his surname but I used to hear the folks c::tll him Arnie. Such is tlhat I can truthfully tell you of my experience clurinp; the construction days of the Isthmian l&x.lU: Cnnal Co!llm1snion ".1hich in lv.ter years gained the nawe of Cn.ne.l fro;n Hhich I \'/lll'l rotired Hay 3li -1954 from .the AtlanUc Lockt> my ll.H. Eo is 6580 Fespectfully eubmitted i\.1\i-i()H CLAElill .. .' .. ..

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I I Clarke, Junos E.; House No. 5061 //R.6; 64 Central Avenue; Colon, R.P. I Amos E. Clarke, a native and oltlzen of tj1e Republic of Panama, o.lso a l18 yoars employee, up to June 30, 1954, desire to tell the story of my experience and aervlce ln the Isthmanlan Cannl Co:nmlaslon. I use this term, because this was its first nume. I do thanlc God for the BJ.Xtring of my life to see the past and the preoent. I'm nlso.thankful to the U.s. Government for such kind consideration for the old-timers. By first experience l>'aB on Nay 4, 1904, when: I heard the first whistle blast out to,start work. Some of the old french 1"/0rlcers and other nationalities .,, such as Jamaican and a fe1 m1.tlve, danced and jumped about '2 feet hi[;h 1hen they understood that the Junerican Government 1-1ere incharge or the ne.-1 undertaking. This took place at Bas Matechin {proper 'l'he name of this place wa.e change lo.ter to ns ;.;echanlcal Division which was headquarters for all mechnnlcal undertaking of the Pannma.Canal. On May 4 1904 about 7145 A .N:. men, including French, Jamaicans and a f!OH m'.tives were tr.kcn on to with machetes to out down bushes and jungles around the French materials. 1fhite and 6olored Americans Here the firot to start cutting dmm jungles e.n<'l buohes. They came from the States with blue junga.r'ees e.nd J;haki po.nte, and 1rore derby hats on their heads. In those d<:>.ys they 11ere no restaurant. TIW colored 1romen carr-led trayo. on their heads 1lth hot coffee, bread and. butter, to tho H_ork-plo.co in the morning time, price U.s. currerwy. The n.c.me of these t1m Jc.maican one ilarian Cmmingson and one Co.rollne Lo1e. Theoe 1romen have died :'re. Ct,rollne Lo;.ro, live 110 ye<:trs. .1-lrs. marian Cu'nninr;oon live 75 yEars. In 1905 lnrp;e number of \voGt Indian, Gre, ltn.li:cns and !Jpain Spaniards Here con tracted to 11ork fur the C,_cual. Gille fly \Teet indians 1 Gver 36 thour:C'.nd men \'/E-re e!lployed during construction daye. Durinr; the c:ms truct i011 o more thrm 75 trains a day moving up nnd do1-m, dre.cr:lnr: lenr.;ertrood Hith rocks and ct.1.nal excP.vn.ted clirt. It Nn.s somethiiw, marvelous to see these tro.ino moving (speeding) up c.nd doun to places to be fill ln for further USi'.fG. ',;a.ces in those days \-/ere not very high. The highest pay f'or 1te and Colored A:nerlcan \Tas from to per month Cu.), '.-lest Indians Here paid 10 per hour (U.s. C.), Italians, Greeks and Spaniards 20 per.hr.-:. yo--========-------____

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c I r t--__.. :'F ,_ I I ;'I -,.,.-; '' Clarke, A. E. -p.2 ( U. :3. Cy) Limited t imo of v10rk in thos s days wo.s 10 hours. v1ere p.."1id in "Gold. Coin." 'l'he nntiveo did not care much to work for tho Cnnn.l, no ailinna were e:nployed. sanitation played a rren.t p:}.rt for the eonstruction of tho Canal. :Hen carried oil cans on the:lr backo 11ith connected hose, spraying moaqui to oil throu:7)10ut the :nmmps and june;les, killing millions of mosquitoes lla1ly. ;.;:'.lnrin fever wno ro.e;ing in those days, many of the employees cUed from sarne. But the good masterpiece of the U.S. sanito.tion prevented further siclmess of malaria from spreading. Hundreds of men died from dynamite explosion. In 1908, 22 tons of dynnmite vms nt Bas Obispo Cut and went off at 11145 A.;.;. blo;ilng to pic.ces over 300 men. Their instral o.nd flesh could be oeen ho.neing on the faraway trees. It was somathinf\ terrible and mtful to look at. The explosion Has heard and smoke could be seen 3 miles f'.vmy from where I was living in i-latacilin. The shoclc of the blast !mocked offed glnsses from tables and shelves in me.ny homes, and some fell to floor in their homes. I personally v:orked for 18 yrs. as artisan "A" and 30 yrs. as Canal Gea Han (in other words deckhands). I made,330:: '., transit through the Canal as sea n1:c?.n. It 1ms a very tough time vTorkinr:, throur:h the Co_nul. J.\y first trip was on the "Dorothy Lookine; Batch" and my last trip was on the"SS NoCorrnack. 11 I Hould like to mention something about the first launch thn.t ;mo omed by one ;:r. Fosooe S cn\'lnll, its named was "Spikeedce." He took me with him in the same launch, in 1908 up the Chacres river to Santa cruz, to interpret Spanish to Er!e;lish. They were three anchors, two lnr()e and one small. The tl"lo lnrge ones are noH o.t Cristobal in front the terminal building. The other o;nall one, I knoll no thins of its whereabouts. 'l'ht'Y 1er e :).loo some of the "Old Spanish Cannon Balle" IThich 11ero from Sl!:JJX:t !::nntn. Cruz und Porto Bello. Some are now in front the Police station at Cristobal and other plD.ccs. 'I'he ruino of the Old /l.cicnt S)XJ.nish Church in santa Cruz can yet be seen. The Indio.n natives at Santa Cruz told us c;any thinr:;s abcut the Spanish anchors l:hl.ch uere there at thnt time. Tiwy told us that the anchors 1ere broue;ht from the Atl:mtic. on r:ft th>ourh the Chacrcs river by 12 men up to Cru7.. The.v s"J.d also the r.1en were dragging 1he anchor up an incline, [.nd f'udd enly they fell from do11n the incline, and the ancLuro fell upon top of them and kill six men. And that these D.nci'.,orB 1erc r.uppCB?d to co to the Pacific end by the order of Vasco tlunej: de nalboa, throu(jl the Old Panama roo.d or trail. But they e;ot discournt)e md did not go aey ,/ ... .. .I

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I. '! o I I T fi [ 1: i i I I -' I I I Clarke, A. E. -p.3 further. Here ends the story about the anchors, as far. (Somcthine: more of the p..'\st) In 1907, about 8 :15 A. :4. tho people in ,viB. tachin heard a buzzing in the air, ovory1.Jody' s eyes wero looking up to see it all about. Some thought it \:o.e judgement coming from God upon the land, GO they began to pray. But it was nothing like that. -'-it llr>.e the firet airoplatte, that had ascended from Coro7,al, by e. Geruan mechanic or pilot, that flew to Gorgona and returned bnck to Corozal. It xxxx the greatest fun in my life to see nome of tho old people was in.;. frantic about this peculin.r scene. \fhcm they underatood it was_an air-o-plane, they bee;an to laueh at their O\m se.lves. Here ends this tory of tho air-o-pl::me experience (Sto;ry of teo.msters) Large American hornes and mules vrere used in the construc-tion dayR for haulinr; truck a and fire-;rasons. Team at ere were _white and colored. This ends the stories of aome of. my experience. Thanking you for a r.eward AMC;S E, C Lf'<'RKE old-timer .. : ... ;' .. .. r L. ; "'''" ...... ... ; .. 1 ....

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I --I l -I -'' I' -I, -lr--f.:O '' __ 'J 9-'1 c. -Olarke1 Samuel: Eatafeta del Chorrillo, Entrega General, Panama, R.P. I arrived in Panama on the 27th of August 1909 first place I worked on the Railroad in Gatun with l4r, Stumpe as foreman, after there I 1ma on Gatun Look with Mr. Smith as foreman, after there in the Lighthouse department Mr. Grovenor as fore man from there to New Cristobal at the i"adio Station with Hr Fuller as foreman and alec Mr Michal. From there with the Army at Fort Amador in the Officers Qu11rtera around the Circle as a Carpinter with Sgt. Anderson as :foreman; from there at Balboa Hi8h School as janitor with King as foreman from there at the Naval Eadie station at Amador as carpinter and other necesariea needed with Hr. l>'!cCollin as foreman also Hr. -Fisher and Latimore from there in the Canal as oarpinter and mason with 1-lr. Jacob and Smith as :foremen. Some of the forman were very polite, while some were very rou(3h and impolite. \Vorking conditione were fair, Nothing else for the moment I am respectfuly, SA14UEL CLARKE L....J..._J_ ____ ---------. .'I ;

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; ,. ---Clarke, Wesley; Colon, R.P. I, Joseph Graham, came to l'C'.n2ma. in the year 1911. I landed here on the 7th of AuguGt and went to work the very day after dinner. I 1rked from then on that name ae Joseph Graham until 1929 when the Governor had all who were not working with their right name change to the correct one, Therefore, my experimce with the Canal was when I was working with the apove mme, I experienced in those days working in the year 1913 on :ruraflores Locks and also experienced the day they blew the dyke. I stood up and watched the water coming down lookingror it to come with plGnty power but it d1d1nt. It took its own time and came do1m gradually until it reached the gua.rd gate and started rising slowly until it reached .its mark. My. right name, changed from Joseph Graham, 1e. \-.'eeley Clarke DR No. 4997, Colon, R.P. WES:U."'Y D C LAF KE -j I L .. --I -"'

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' Clayton, H. B.; Estnfeta Panama City, R.F. H. B. Clayton \tho \tas born vctober 23, 1892 in the townsite of Gorgona Canal Zone of rlest Indian parentage gives his experinces of the construction of the Panama Canal, one of the greatest engineering feats. accomplished. I had the honor of the late Colonel Geothale, Colonel Gillard, Mr. Miller, Mr. Little, all aides of colonel Goethals. As a young boy I went to work as a wa terboy for A. R. S'fone Supt., with the I.C .c. .. I witnessed the explosion in Bas Obispo -in 1909, the exaot month and date I cannot now recall, many persons were killed. ln the same year two engines collied, engine No. 615 and 611; I .c .o. engines, lthich was engaged in hauling dirt out of the "Big Ditch" most of tho dirt that was excavated was dumped in Balboa and Flamengo Island. Headquarters of the Panama Canal was at Culebra it was later moved to Balboa at its present site. The slide at Gold Hill gave Mr. Miller;_,. ; .Little and Colonel Gillard a big-headache, every morning cubic feet of dirt came the hill and ):>:J.Q.oked morning we mightmeet the ledgentood or dump wagon9 all covered up. At thP..t time malaria fever wns re.rnpnnt 40 or 50 men a day died from the effects of malaria, hospitals or rest houses were built at Empi-re,. Culebra, and Paraiso, trains coming into l'anama daily was always full of patients heading for the old Ancon Hospital. A little fever was around but it was quickly brought under control by Colonel Gorgas, the Chief Health Officer of the Canal Zone. Quinine 1illS the order of the day, it was brought on the job to you. Many persona were killed by explosions and malaria fever. This is a correct statement to the beot of my knowledge and memory. \ H. B. CI.JIFrON --' I.' L .. k-1 -' L.. ,_.. I I ;

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I I : I I. I --------Connell, G. ; Es\.nfc. No. 1 Ca],idonia, l'::tmma, R.P. I the undersir;n do hereby l'lr'ite my memories of the Isthmnin Construction cl.nys, 1 o.rr.ived :from my Native Land Barbados in the year 1906 the month of February. Hy :first employment 1ms curryinr-dynn.rnitc po1dcr boxoo to the store house in Ln.e from box c:J.rs then I leave to f!,O to Culebra nection nnd 1ork unOer John r. Stevens first Engineer before Col. Goethnlls o.s 11nter boy for the carpenters that was bu1ldinr-: the A
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Couloote, Mrs. J.laryl 90 Street Carro.squilla, House #396, Room 5; Estafeta Chorrillo, Ave. A, Panama, R.P. I came to the Isthmus of Panama 1903 I was a young girl I came my sister on,a ship .by the name of la plata it live castries to jamaica then the ship left jamaica at 4 PM o 1 clock 'the ship 1m a e;oing to the guiU' of Mexico it started to roll it had a storm heavy water came into the ship I was was to go down stairs to second class and stay their. the sailor had chain around they waist and a pail emptying out the wata:e when we reaoh"colon they .call every body name 5 men.. : where missing from jame.ioa the captain leg get broken when the life boat brak away and hit the captain on his leg and the ll:f'e boat drop into sea he was send to the hospital 3 days after he died and we all was sorry. I and my sister whent to Pedro>. miguel atmy mother to live their a cuple years. I feel was to work, has to help my mother, for my brother e;eting a small sallary at that time he was 110l'k1ng at the Culebra cut. I whent to the aosylum to look for a job at Miraflores I ask the doctor for a job he said I was to young. He ask if I had an elder sister. I told him yes he said to bring her for I am to young has to handle thoes women so he gave her the job. I go back home I stay for a time. I whent to Empaire I got a job the year of 1907 working for two baoheler doing landry 1r Stout ie and !Jir Zoke I work for a year, and they live and go to the United States I go back to my mother, the year of 1908 I got an other job in Empaire, working for Mrs Jones husband and two children I 110rk 8 months then they go back to the unitted states then back to mother again. Then the year of 1912 I goted married and living in miraflories in a small cottage my. husband was at the tunal and I use to do scM1ne for people at home, then it happen a white man came and give EVery body notice that 11e have to live for the 1-1ater is coming throw the canal and I move to panama the year of l9lll MRS HARY COUl.OOTE ;-.. '. I' I .. I L .. ; I I .----: I I I l

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l ---Daniela, Robert S.l Cristobal Post Office, Cristobal, o.z. I am sending this memorial an expectation that if need correction that it will be done in my favour I am memor izing that I came on the Isthmus to work for the r.o.c. I reached on ths I1C.O. April 24th 1906 this is to the beat of my memory r.c.c. #24121 Place of work and living was Empire. Mr. Little was General Foreman and Charlie Hiller was Foreman the last steam shovel that worked in the Cut was #90 !-1ar1on : I I I I I ., .. ,.:.. : I \vorked at Coco Solo ?orr Snede5ar wo.a Supervisor Mr Charlie i I Miller Foreman 1vorksd [lt the Oiling Plant under liJr Greenwood Worked at the Coaling Plant under Avery McFarlane Supersntendant Yrs obedient servant ROBERT S. DANIELS D.R. 1175 I I I I

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,_I J J J J J J l J ] j J ] J ] l De la Rosa, Isaias J\ntioco; Casa /,'23, Eugenia, Chilibre, R.P. In the year of 1906 the immiGration started to increase on the Isthmus of Pn.nc.ma during the construction of the Canal. In the refill1ne; of T"-bernilla dump No 1 department I started to Hork as a Haterboy 1ith l-lr Green as my foreman for the I C C company in 1907 till 1909. In 1909 in Cucaracha I v1orked as 17aterboy and ew1 tcher Mr. Gall1ger as my foreman till 1911. From there I r-e-seed to l'aro.1ao Hunic1pal Engineer pick and shovel. In 1911 till 1912 I worked for the construction of Balboa Dike feet of profundity. In 1913 till 1914 I 11orked on the construction of the new r:.>.ilroo.d tracks rcfter the Balboa dike was filled tlith \-later. I \Wrked.ae a ITD.son checker 1n Frijoles. The 1vater brought on train 1n big tanka from the mountains to be given out aftenn:J.rda to the employers. Our salary _1as 10 an ho'lir. In the system of the 11ork the empty wagons pushed the fill ones. We made ditches f'or the. dike. The salary 1aa 18 an hour. Dynamite 1ere use for the escl\vat1on of the dike necessary and pumps to drain out the_ 1-1ater 1hen needed. The compresore were heated by burning lumbers and steam drills for the preassure. In Rio Grande I uorked there rocks for road and construction. As <'-ungon checker I use to check up to 60 care per day. In 1914 till 1915 I \lorkcd on the nev1 railroad tracks with Mr. Hachnill as picl' nnd shovel from Summit to Gamboa. IShiAS f,NTIOCO DE LA ROSA IP 39154 This is a brief resume of my dlfferent jobs I had on the Isthmus until 1915. Ny participation for the best prize story. I I I I I I II II r r i i' I J

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Dy De la Rosa, I. A. -p.2 ,. "'. I' 11 start by saying I first worked on the Isthmus. I began on the refilled of Tabernilla dump No. 1, during the excavation of dirt out of the Canal, my job was water boy of the .. ICC company in 1907 having Mr. Green as supertendent until 1909. From there I Cucara6ha during the construction of the Canal as water boy and switch man in 1909 until 1911 having Mr. Galliger as principal boss. In 1911 I passed to Paraiso pa1 Engineer _doing pick and shovel Hr. Boyd as my foreman. In 1911 to 1912 I worked during the construction or Balboa Dike which had a profundity of 10 ft. In 1913 to 1914 I worked. on the new railroad lines as a oar checker in Frijoles. The dificulty with the was that we had to bring it from a hill 18 ft high filled in tanks on the train afterwards to be able to be given out to the employers. ... ; .:: <-:':',:,,: 9 hours and gained 10 rj an hour. As a switcher I had to open .the switch in that 1-1e.y the empty oar that passed help the fill ones gain force ._by pushing theii! ... Making ditches for the dike in Balboa vrae very dangerous we had to pump out the water and put tubes in it. In Rio Grande 1e braked stones for construction material and transport the stones in cars. In a day I use to check up to 60 cursj In 1914 -1915 I 1orlted on the old railroad a.s pick and shovel from Summit to Gamboa. This is a small resume about my 1-rorking time from 1907 1915 on the Isthmus. ISAIAS ANTIOCO DE lA ROSA I ;._ ,.... \ ; i L_ .i .. ... I

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0 I 0 I I n r I r (f) i I l OS Doglaso, Berafored I Bersforocl Do[,laso arived on the lst:iloe Colon R.P. July 2, 1906 Bee;o.n HorJ( ine; july 3, 1906 Gore;ono. C.Z. Working on track line Fonne.n.\'m.n !lr. Little. I Ho.s transfcrd to Gatune in 1908 on piledriver Forman Hao ?-lr. Sla.vbuok, from piledriving work I 1'/:J.S trnnoferd to cxtevated the East chamber of Gatune k
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J J J j j .Dottin, Alfred E.; Estafcta del Chorr1llo, Pnnamu, R.F. I arr1 ved on the lstk:Jus of on Sept, 20, 1909 w1 th the S.S. Ancon. liy first Job 1l.tll tho U.S. Governlllent was on November. 15 of tho FHl.HJe yNJ.r, as n. ca.rpcnter, for the Pacific terminals o in Podro Miguel nnder D. by the name of l>l:r. Sneed. Other bonso:1 thn.t cnmc 11th all ito horr 1ble meaning in those days Ita a just a household Hord; I saw mosqui toea, I say this without fear of exar:r:erat1nr;, by the: thousands attack one manl There v1erc dqys that we could only a few hours :. bece.tiao of the high fever raclcinr; our bodies--it vias a living bell. Finally, typhoid fever got :ne v.nd. I v1as laid up for 9 in 1\ncon i!oopl.tal hovcr1nr; botHcen life and death. My foro-man, :-ir. Gnecd, treated me like fl. king while I 1as recuperating. He-sav/ to it th:..t I rot plenty of sleep and foode.:ood food I enjoyed it vc1y much. Spcakin(!: of food, any man 11ho 1rus 11v1ne; in that er::t 1rill nlw.J.yo cry Hhen he sees the high prices on today'o food. Vlhen I cnme here to I ::.mt tools that I never saw before in my life such a.o the Jaclc Ha;:mer, star drills, steel squo.re, etc., I ncqu1rcd new sldlls, cuch as m1x1nc cement, us inc; t!Jc v:orkin('.. the st".r tl.r1lls. I had to learn h01 to coolc by force and 1'1<:\Sh my clothes b10cause of the scar city of women in the Einpire Section of the canal, uhere I lived. Sund:.,.ys 11as ;ny drJ.y r>.nd l'la:Jh dDy r..t the 08 .. -ne time. The drinking water so bud that you du.red not it vlith out first ster111z1nc it, nnd to ctc1ilize the water was one hel of a job, Snlnr1es wera fnntnst1cally low jO.l6 to 00.20 was the uoinE: rate for hourly employees Hith ;:o.25 for the sub-foremen. C-o1nf> to 1crk on the lubol' train Has 11.ke :nlnel1ne with cattle on a drive. If you were ever nq,e,r; eett1n:; of the trains before they stopped you Hould. be :trre:ctea and sentenced to 10 days in jail--it was horr,.ble. Tl1ero 1:n o ti1 :eo 1:hen 1ro 110uld get soe.ked in tho rain d.uint; a rush Job and t\ten right after have to huotlo to c<'-tch the tr;J.in hu;Je or you \!ould have sleep on l I i I l } .. p

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Dottin, A. E. -p.2 the job site. I tell you it was no bed of roses. The slide at Culebru wns somcthinc; thnt I \toulcl like to explain but co.n 1 t unleso there 1-1ns r,,Ocle my that I could go to the "Out" and demonstrate. Believe me the men t.hnt died iii. the elide were numbered nmon[5 the hundreds. liy job after the slide NaB to watch for dump trains. (;ne even inc; after kine overtime :.in the Canal, four of un Here goine; home walking on the tracks when to our surprise wo smr the encine 227 creeping up behind .. us 11e just had time to jump into some soft mud 18 inches deep. We vrere saved by the mercy of God. In I must sa.y that I a1n c,lnd to sec the 6hanges thut hue come over the Oo.nnl Zone and r>un..'lma, I am glad to see the pror.;ress. that my footer country has made in thefield of human justice, I urn glv.d to see hov' the U.s. Government has progressed in the field of labor relations, Which v1a!3 non-exis tent in those days, I glad to ace that all my sweat, my tearQ,..,,. and all those deatha were not in vain. : .. :: I thunJt you, C'rOd-Bless lmsir:,nccl I i !' I i

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p 0 I r [ l I' r [ f [ I r i [ I [ Douglas, E.; Chilibre, R.P. I left the isllmd of J runaico. in the year 1911 for the Isthmus of Punama. I arrive on the Isthmus on Jr1.nuary 6 of the same year, and beean workinG the follollin da.y the.ranama Rail Road Co., at ten cents pc;r hour. I waR then res.iding at Hartha Chin. L3.ter, I Hent Hith the I.e .c. Depat., and then took up residence in ro.raiso, Harking at Gold Hill in the Power Gang. At Gold Hill He had to 1/0l'l{ very hard. 1"/e worked in the torrid sun, under the heavy rain, day and nfe,ht, and the mosquitoes
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---Douglas, N. E. p.2 Thooe 11ere rouch days \lith little of but as loolt back at the Cilcu:nst:lncec then, ':1<3 do realize that that was really the beginniritl of tho construction, and so we can sympathize with one another. :.>uro there were many obstacles and much danger, cG.usin{' our livoo to be in constnnt cl.nne;er and poeeibli ty of loninc; 1 t, bv.t tho 1ork had to be done. Boca use of the many lives lost on the conr.truction, the blood that 1mehod the p-.,round and the energy given for tho construction of the Canal, we must consider the enterprise the most important and. the most costly in I remember the time when I was working on a leaf and the cablo broke. I \tns a rieeer then in Hiraflores. One morning about nine oclock as I 1ms carryinr; out my duty, .the cable broke and killed some men, on the spot. The amount of blood that gave the appearance of a little gully, and l-lhen I saw what. appeared an islan
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____ -----Finn, Enos Augustus; Calle 26 Oeste, Caea 8-22, Cto-8; Panama, R.P. This is to inform you that I came here in 1905 and started for the 'Duilding & Construction Division in Culebra Lumber Yard as checker with \1. B. Honey as Foreman, they were : building a office for the Sup Henry E. Daily after itwas finish I was sent to work for George Perrott as Carpenter at -:Pedro t-Uguel. I also work for Hr. Carr 1ho was General Foreman &: Engineer in Pedro I 1ork in the Transformer rooms as helper installing the duck lines for the cables to go thru to the transformer and up to the control house to operate the gates I was at Obispo when li6htining hit the wire and set off the holes, many were killed. I saw when the blow the dyke and the stream of wator started to fill the canal, in those days it ... rained day & night no roads only mud. I work in the Admin1s. tration Building as NesHenger from 1918 to 1954 for Johnny Smith as Chief Clerk who died a fe1 years ago they were plenty of sickness mostly fever that took plenty of lives until it was checked by General_Gorgas my record will show about 46_years of service I 1'10rk for the Hunicipal Division R. W. Husching as foreman buildine; the margeta road &: lirio planning mil.l, also the Panama R. R_. Commissary the Officials were John F. Styhson Chief Eng Nere P.o. Wright Architect, w. M. Bilding Builder Hr. Hclean Paymaeter. Hackson Smith in charge of the laborer & Quarters H. H. Smith Auditor. I saw the first man that was hang on the gallos in Culebra. It was built by Laborer & Quarters '{:-'l.lt up by foreman Quimby and drawn by 1'. 0. 1iricht _Architect for the Canal. I knew the ball park in Culebra in front MX the Railroad Station. I also remember seeing the cnrt to. Icing er from the :Pumping stat ion to the houses, I was in the hospital 1hen. Dr. crabtree 1as in charge. I aloe kne1 the bank when it 1ae in Empire. 'fhe mail was brought to the-P.c. on horse buck from Culebra Station. I was living in Culebra all that time. -Yours fruly sienature typed' (/ v ----------J -L-l....-------'--'---''="-'-" =-----

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l r t t I i r r. r p [ r i [ I /II Forde, Rufue Edward; DE 1336; House -40-46, Cativa, R.P. I arive on the Iethanno of Pamuno. on January lOth 1910 it vras on a monday at 10 oclock I Has taken off the ship, and taken to the (,).uura.ntine r.round, I remain there tor four days; I m10 taken froJO there in a labor tro.ln to camp toton three miles o.bove Gatun f.::t11 noad ot1'.t1on, at that time the Panama tracl< line vms laying do1n, we went in the clllllp and the next day we start to work, I work for too weeks, I had to leave thors becnuee, myself P.nd the other laborer couild not ae;ree, Jones lrnn the General forman o.nd J.'.r Steel was the truck forman they Here very e;ood bosses, I went dovm back to Gatun, o.nd eot a job th rr.r. Iniss a track formo.n, he was a \lest Indian he know the job, I work with him for three month, I left un down into the second locl{S and a job 1 th Hr Grant a channel drill machines that machine drill 1-4 feet in the e;round 14 feet square twelve men vrorlt' 1'11 th him, nll 1re had to do \'laB to shift the Raila every tirne he finished one side, Hhen he finished the four sides, v1e ohift the machine to a next spot. then comes the drilling e;ang and take over, and a tart drilling 1n the ,_ ... ,. center of the square up coineo the Pol'lder gan with Mr. Floris : ';''" as form[\n, he Has a spanclard, and start to lofl.d the holes with dynammi te, lrhen all is rec.dy, he call to the at earn shovel engeneer to bloH, so C\S to give notice ,.,6 are to blase, when flur!a look v.round, :nd oeo evEry thin{) look safe he turn to the b::tttry man Corbin Hnd c;ive him the eignal0 and Corbin press the bat.tary, and every thing goes up in the air, then comes the crane \'11th r>. bucket and take them out, and load the st.eel cars, Hhen a.ll the co.rs is loaded the .engine come .and pull them out, there nre eo. many ene;eins at a time in the Cut that IJOSt every month, th(l.t a. man lost hi leg or badly damage, \rhen any thine; like that happen one ene;eneer turn to next engineer, one just r,reas.e the l'lheel in those days a fovrl life \'las more vo.luv.t,le than our lives. and we uork from place to place nll over the second lockfl doing the same l'IOrk, i-ho camp life ww eo rou[-':11t, that I to e;o in a place call nil'.v Gatun paying five dollero for e. room, the hard port of it, llhen you come from 1ork :1.nd take you supper, and resting off, D.nd nine oclock fJ'l.SF> and your light is still burning, a Felice Gfficer 1 come :.Jp P.n say Cut off that lir)lt, and go to bed, it in not so care they I'Tant to tuke of you, they you to (cO to be soon, eo you Hill be :1.ble to get up ooon to so to the next thinco :;e b:J.d to fic;ht against, vms the me.le.ria you turn to Hork in the morning lTith a gang about 125 men and by ElevGn oclock you 1ill find about -40 men o.ll the others fall d01vn ''lth lllalnria the joel' about it, .... >; f L -

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J p p l r n r n i [ I [ I t I I I Forde, R. E. p.2 they spin all round like a top before they full and that get you so frighten that at some times you dent eorue back after dinner, the cnube of all of that, thoro are men going around 1'11th. qu1nnine to every e;an and e;ive you to drink it is so bitter, that whon the next come e.round, the e;an say we 50t already, If cix 41en come CJ.round for the day, I take six glass, and that is Hhy the keep off of me, then I 1ent to the pipe fit U.ng one tb.y had some rush. 1-10rk to do and the boas hiJ.d orders to lrorlc richt tr.rou[jh, _l'le 1'/ork three day and too night in Hater to our \met, but the bose Has so good that he bring a. quart of rum, he v1ill say, boys take a shot before you all r;oeo into the \later, o.nd he take a big shot because he hnd. to be into the w:'J.ter, when we finished he said to us boys take the half rle.y off, you all l'lork hard, and see that you all como out in the morning, in the rainy season v1hen rain start to fall e.ome time you d.ont see Gun for about 2 stright v1eeks I had never oa1-1 so much rain in all my life as I see in Gatun Cut, you had to go through the rain, and. I'IDrk all throueh rain, I re1ober \'/hen I was in the drilling gang, the boss n.lh:n.y aa.:r 1-::eep the drills a.go1np;, so as to keep your body uo.rm soraetimes, you are so could that your teeth keep necking toe;ether, in the morning you had to putyour;:.>: clothes on damp no sun to dry them, 1:hat you a.re going to do, the men thv.t livin6 from tlmt time should praised God mornine; noon P.m1 nic,ht, I left the gang, and back to the pipe fittinr cane;, l'lhen I vmo tired in one gang, I e;o to the nc:xt, I left the Cut and eot a job in the Cement l.Jixture my job 11Hfl at a curb vmtchine; th.ree the white licht for stone, the blue for san and the red was for cement, the Automatic Cars they run with three rails, the too outside rails the cars run on, the center rail carry the current, it vTD.a c<'lllccl the third rn.il, a1,1d vrhen you foreat o.nd stept on it you are o. dead man, so many people e;ot kill by it that t.hc,'f hc.d to chan::e it, n.nd put the current over heCI.d, thD.t. w.w not so <12.n('C'rous, I turn to work at 1lillle lZittinek l.n the mornj_ng, I noel:: off at nine oclock I turn baclr at eleven, :nicl work till tl1ree durine; that time, my head is up \'latching the lit:hts, o.o c.n-. of thE lir)1t turn on, I send th<: cfl.rs to :;;ui t ,_,.nrl the other rr:en behind me do the same, the ln.ndinr:; is about 200 feet I 1-1ork there for ;;>.bout 1 yeo.r. I co.me lJo.ck do'::n J.nto the Locl{ P[',<'!.in, 8-nd 1rk all nround, up co;nes llcGlentic ;o.nd ne.ri3Jmlls to put up the gates, they paid n very r;ood price, n.nd the men leave the Canal like oan, hut I remn:'L.n in the pL.ce, r.1oust evrz:ry month, some one get kill, or 4 to 5 damage; it was a very place to work, I r '. l L I ._. ... .. I -""

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l l -I II [ L L Forde, R. B. p.3 12 l'.nd 13 the stoney e;ates valves start to put down, I told a timekeeper by the name of lindey, I will like to have the experience, about the atony-gate valve, .he told me to come with him mon<1ay morning, ;uonday morning, I got ready in time to go Nith him, IVhcn 1e reach on the first lock, he said to l!r il erman this ie tho man I told you about, that is the man yea thctt hirn, he Hork in a foundry in Trinadad too years, so he munt be a [<;OO.ot :J.J1tl clean the. rust off the machinery, the stem l'lill put do1m in the mornin[:, :hen Forde come out, next morning. the Hhistlc hl011 I P.ok the boys 1rhat they 11ere doing they reply a trhite machinest co.me here to be >!r Herman second, he 130 to put the ste;n, the plank he was otanding on broke in too, and he fall dotm in the valve and broke his .. : L !-i .. L-11-----------. ------______________ _,;:,:,;._...:""'" .::,

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{ --Forde, li. E. -p.4 too leg, they had to take him P.nd send hlm to Hospital all wrie;ht, Hork on till Herman came when Herman arrive he said to me 11hat is the matter Forde, I reply nothing sir you was afre.id to dmm tho stem, a man heart so lay off for the do.y, all rip:llt ::lend for the crane Harvey bring me four plank whnt you coins to do Hith so many, I reply I am standing on the vo.lve not you, the crane came and pick up the stem, I r.;ive the sinr,le to the crane man, v.nd 1-1hen the steam reach :t:lm bottom I told harvey to e;o dmm and put it 'in the socket, it did so faat tho.t the crane man said to Mr Herman, he put down the stem fa.stcor the.n you, he spend too years in a foundry in Trin1dr>.d so that is nothing he is a good man, I said to hc.rvey take the men and go dmm _and put on the cross bars all 1ms ready, I went dovm and put the op1ri t level on the cross bars, :--1r Herman come doNn and see for your self, Hr Herm!'.n come dNrn, e;o ahead you knoVT the. job. in a too l!(eeks t1mo we were ready to put on tho platform that left us 25 feet from the top, all richt Forde let roe soe you put the crooshead toe;ather in one hour nnd a half, seven oclock next mornillG I tnke men and do"'n in the hole VThen eleven i oclock blor, 11e ce.me up the 9 laboures said Mr Herman.:::: he is .;.. going to boat you to it, Hr Herman laue;h, the next day we finished about 2 oclock, Jl' Herman vent down and lay on his back, and then turn on his side, all right Forde, it is a e;ood job, but the nuts in the corners uant tilghten a little more, I did so, nnd finished in too day Forde you did not spend too years in the foundry in Trinidad for nothing, after finishing the thircl valve, llr Herman got tranfore to Pedro Miguel, you. Hill lilre to go '!!ith' ma.'forda, will tell you in thEO morning, so I horne and tell the 11ife tho.t Hr. p;ot tranfore to Pedro rUguel, you will like to go up there no I just got married, c.nd all my family is in Gr.-. tun, and I l'rould not like to leave them next morning I told ;,:r l!erm:;m I P.m un able to. e;o, sorry. I try to r.;et you a coed joh before I go ho 1ent over to the machine uhop hnd a Hi th f-ir Perry tho boso of the shop, I 'Eranfore to l'ec1ro ,'iicuel, I tw.ve D. rnn.n by the name of Forde a very cood 1rorl:er, he fJpencl too yearn in a foundry 1n Trinidad, o.nd I <'.m :>.sicin:_; you for a job in the machine shop for him sorry 1-'r llerrnc.n, Ne 'O!.re nll f:l.ld up, .I could give him n pl:\ce i.n the car repnirshop is a good place for him !c:r Perry snid to ;.;.r Fool tho :1osn of tho car repair shop, Nr Herm:::.n is sending a man over to you by the name of Forde tnke hlm on, he came bnclc 'to the va.lvo all right Forde, report to lir Fool the boue of the cnr l'epair ohop monday morning, thank you iir Herman, monday morning I report to Hr : ...

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:l I I Forde, R. E. -p.5 l'ool, your nama is Forde yes sir, he had a old man that was his atrmr boss, cs.ll out to here is your name sacke of yours put him to l'lork, Mr Forde the bose give me five pieces of tools to 1ork .t is the truble, oh a terrible break down let me eee, after e.bout half hour, he said letus so, I hc.ve to m:J.ke nl.Jou.t six pieces four inches long, we will have to 11ork e.ll nit:.ht, Hhen got back. to the shop lo!r Perry oaid hmr it look Grant very bad try you best and. get .it ,_ ... ready l.Jy_ morning OK, Forde tnke my Hotel book and get supper-: forme and you, I took the book and Hent to the Hotel and cv..lled for one bottle of coffee and too pork chop sandwith, and too cie;o.rs, 1:lten I return he enid that is the boy for me, little after that I a man passing, I said to hlm when you go home tell my lofifo dont look for me, I have to work through, we lvork all nie;ht till morning 1ve finished ablout five thirty and baclt, and by seven oclock, !'.r Grant send l!m to me go baclc to the car rcp:.>.ir shop, later on in the day, he oame to 1-lr Pool, you. have u good rcan, any time I Hant a man send him, I v/Orlc bet een the car repair ehop o.nd the mR machine shop for about nine month I 1ork for l10 years before I retire, I ll.lll only givinG you. tho parts I in tho Construction of the Cc.nal, so you could see that I help in tho building of the Ft.nam:c. Canal in concluo1.on I \rill leave the 1-rords for you to rember GOl!:'l'H!\Lfl GOETHALS your na;ne will ah1ays recall the principal contrnetors they c11.me from the State, Heclentic and !'-1:-).rshall thn.t h:crlG up the gn.tss, it Has seventy five fest hie;h, :md that you c<.nnot denie 1-11th :your locks and dam Yours Truly RUFUS ED:.'Al\D FORDE DF 13}6 --------; ... -,.

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...----------------------r i [ I Fox; Joseph Chilibre Correos, Ch1libre, R.P. By these fe11 linen, you will be enform that I landed hear April 4, 1910. By this, you Gentlemen will know. That those days were hard days. Hy first job 11ere on the rail Road. Going out in the morning Rain. \-lark all day in rain untill in the even, At the rate of lOj per hour. I work there for about 3 month. You all must think of the heard time of our food, We did not have cook as today sometime 11e look on the food and leave it the same place on the table cannot be eaten In those days our sleeping 1-1ere the poorest thing in the rrorld that a human could ever think of But \'le thank God ae a breave soldours, 1ve work for the Amer ioan goverment to put through the.: Canal. After leave the rail road, I vfork for the mantiant division all my days, My eye have seen eo much aoidient, At my heel. But I am thanking God that he keep me in eafiety. I ., ,. have done some job on the Look before I leave homo, I have said" :, father I leave myself into thine hands I am asking you to take care of me throuGh thio sometime' rrhen \fork is not eo plenty-full the have laid of some of the men for at time but I am thanking God the last job that I e;ot I work there for 27 years and some month Thank God. I am thanking God for you American people heart. That you all have streach out your hands of sympity to all the old timer. That each day vre can get our daily bread through God and you blessed American people May God bless you good people that your store house will be plentious at all time, God bless you all I am yours JGSEPH H, FQX L.. I

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Garcia, Francisco; Calle E, Caea #1637, Cuarto 35, bajoa mano derecha, Panama, H.P. Yo FRANCISCO GARCIA, nac{ el 12 de Julio del ano 1893, en el callejon del chicheme, conocido hoy como calla 6a (Barrio San Felipe) a doe cuadre.a de la antigua. Legacion Norteamerice.na En mie tiempoa ee tomaba agua de loa pozos de las trincherae Manuel Perez y el Ohorrillo, a cinco centavos (O.OS)la lata de cinco galones. A Dios gracias al pueblo eetadounidenee el gobierno pana:neno celebre un contrato con la I.C,O,(Oompan1a Iatmeii.a del.oanal), de construir un acueducto en la oiudad:de -'. Panama y otro en Colon. Fu1 a trabe.Jarcon un eetadounidense lle.mado Charles.Roee a Rio Grande, donde ee empazo el trabaJo del aoueducto ':_-: .. Era yo un aguatero. Viviamos en un campamento de lonas o ce.rpas, El trabajo mae grande era en la tarde! ir a buacar un galen de qu1nina en lfquido verde o rojo; un vasito y loa tiquatee para la oomida. Hi jefe el senor Charles, me ordeno darle un vaeito de quinine. en liquido a los trabaje.dores, en oe.ao de no tomarla no recibir!an tiqu1etea para la comida. Oierto d!a hubo una huelga. M1 jefe en vista que no hab!an obreroa me dio una recomendacion para ooneeguir un nuevo empleo en Emperador, en un lugar llamado Cunetae. Coneegu! el trabajo con una cuadrilla de barreneros, White que as! oe llamaba el Jefe, me ordeno buscar el nrrua purificada a Emperador. Trabaje allf varia a s eman!l.e y luego me tro.slade a Panarna. En Panama consesu1 empleo en la conotruccion del e.cueducto. El campamsnto era enel cuartel de Chiriqui, hoy "Palacio Legislative". / / I'.ae.e tarde trabaje con una ouad"rilln pon1endo ladrilloa en las callas de la c iu
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Garcia, Francisco -p.2 la arena en baldeo para traladarla al muelle de 1a Boca. Luego fu1 a trabajar nl Cerro Anc;n con un senor llamado James que uaaba maqulnaa bnrrenadoras de tree patas y a1re compr1m1do. El Jefe se llamaba Lulan Cuatro eapanoles bombe aban las meslllaa pil.re. trasladarlaa de un lado a otro. Deapues donde eate la plaza steven, alli eata el com1aar1ato Rol de Oro entre 1a agenc1a postal y la igleala Junian Short all! el comedor. Mia tarde fu1 a trabajar en loa barcoe de la campania 1nslesa llmplando le.a calderas. Por el ano de 1914 trabaje en la division de faroa (Lights House) en una lancha france sa llamada "Balboa''. Su oapl tan ee :.. llamaba James Togla El jefe de la d1v1s16n era el senor Cap-:A,taln Felts. constru!mos el faro de Tabogullla, luego nos trasladamoe a Cocosolo a trabajar en el serv1o1o de lanchae. En estoe lnt ervaloe recoglmoe al Coronel George W. Geothale y _al .. _. .... comandante Cuoney Rodman y eatuvlmoe eondeandO el Lago Gatun. .,," Despues llego el nuevo Jefe senor ';/ayocfer. Cerca del ano 1915 hubo un te:nporal que tumbo un martinets, romplo un rompeolae y con d1nn.m1 to. a tuvlmoe que volar un barque que el temporal habia tlrado a la playa. -, La dlv1e1on de_ faroa tomo el barco olapat P vlno otro jefe, el cual ae llamaba Sneriker y el todav!a era el senor James Tog1a. / 7. Deapuea capitan era cuando loa Eotadoa .Unldoa declare la guerra a Alemanla fulmoa a Punta de Toro con tropaa amerloanas del fuerte Fort Sherman a sacar la trlpulac1on de loa tree barcos alemanes que ee encontraban ancladoo all1, antes que fueran a danar loa barooa. Despuea fulmoo a poner redee aubmar1nas hechaa en el muelle # 11 en Colon (Cletobal) p2-ra poneraelas al rompeolaa de Punta al eate do Colony otrao en la entrada de los doe rompeolas. Luego nos traoladamoa t>. Balboa a poner redes deade la Punta de Palo Seco a la orllla del canal y de .allf haata el otro extrema de la ouarentona.. ElJafe de trabajo era el Capitan Lutts. Recrosamos al Laeo Gatun y se las doe hojaa del pu:ente de Honte L1r1o e h1c1moa canales con dlnamltas para traaladar aoldados a un lU[5ar llo.rnado Nargar1 ta. Fu1moe a JUrafloree a aoeer un lanohon para conatrulr ui1 I .. I l I L. j: .! -' ------------------------

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Garcia, Francisco -p.3 --,: muelle para las tropaa. Mae tarde fu1moe a colocar un taro en la lela de Bona. All! mur1ci un hombre. De eae lugar paes.mos entoncea a Se.n Jose donde constru!mos otro faro y de aqui a Punta Mala a repnrar el faro. El cela.dor de eate era el eeiior Donovan. 1919 y 1920 ealf hac1a New York en el vapor Al1anza y de aquf pasnmos a Hoboken. De ree;reso a :Panama me. quede en colon Dfas deapues tome un trabajo en la cap1ta.n1a. de Balboa (Boat Landing). Tre.baje en la.le.ncha 405 que tenia maquine. de gas mo.rca:spelhuay. su capitan era Manuel nomero: trabaje en la lancha Pac1f1co Santa Rita que ten!a dos proas de piloto y en ln lnncha dol capitan de Puerto Cone. -. i un n1no ahogado de un que ee llamaUa Rook salve a un nombre a qu1an se le hnbfa voteado au bote eJ+ que via.jaba, su oompanero ae El hombre que salve ee llamaba Red 1-lan. Informe al muelle rf 18, all1 ee encontraba la -.. ala y el capitan Hav1er qulen me fellcito. .' Durante 1920 a 1955 traneporte en lancha a loa doctores Lle;ht, Fraday, Hajllton, Robert, Divis, Yllka.pson, eto. Cuando el capitan Blaclc Born hundlo el barco Obarrio cuando tr!a 91 tnnquero yo eatuve de guardia toda la neche. En eete accidente perd1eron la vida un coclnero y un maqu1n1ata de apellldo mana. :Para la segundo. guerra, ouando el remolcador Chagres chooo con las minas afuera de flaraenco, trabaj 9 esa neche en la lo.ncha de 12 a 8. Encontre.ron la merte en eate accldente loa _.Pe.re ja y Rocillo. Un operador llama do Tam grant y el senor Rloa, trabo.jaron eoa neche en la lancha Albacore. / Ayude a l>!r Queen a inatalur las senales que ae encuentra a ambos lades y a lo lnrgo del canal. Las boyas que eo encuentran en la esto.c1on de Gamboa las pus1moe con Hr Felts. Fuimoa en la lancha B!l.lboa y el barco Lavalley. Conoc1 como cap1tanea de puerto en Balboa a: Ha1-1er, Rogger, y el actual cap1tnn Alboett, Barn, Scott, .J :_ .. ';. '. i L '-' L-L_____ _;;_ ------. -

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t I i ---------Garcia, Francisco -p.4 Como asiotentes a: Judd, Elickson. Trabajando en la lancha Esmeralda de 1 p m a 9 p m un Domingo del ano 1950 ooplaba el viento suroeste, el mar eataba agitado, fui a llevar el Boording Party (I.pitan gue llevaba el baroo a Cristobal era el capitan Abott, hoy co. pi tan de puerto. El Jurado de conc1enc1a'd1cto accidents por el cual fu1 inocente, Al preeuntarsele al capitan Abatt como habfa manejado 1a lancha, reapondio excelente. El dfa aiguiente aallci publicado eete acoidente en el Panama Arrierica. signature typed ... I I i I I i i .,

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I 'Z. I Gard Joseph H.l Rio Abnjo Parque Lefebre, 10 St. # 9, Panama, R.P, I were imigrated by the Isthmanian Oommision the year 1906, the month of April from: Barbados 22d, I were brought to Culebra R1o Grandi I were placed in camp \'I ere told in the oontraot I f would received furnish quarters but.when I reached it was not eo there were some le.rge \'looden bunks 3 leaves I took one the night we had no lie;ht and for a whole 1eek I had all. restless night the old wooden troue;hs l'lare filled with chinks but seoond 1Jeek they changed I begun to work on Culebra dump I .-.worked;g .'1 weeks the third week I taken out of camp em1tten with .. f malaria was taken to Culebra rest house I spent 12 days in the rest house when I came out X was deaf from the Canine I went to 1 work at Culebra Hotel they was adding on some extension to the .. .. ,.,_ kitchen the man in charge of job his name was Aleborn. Mr John L Stevens \'lao the Ingineer for the canal at that time I even remember the n1eht when Mr Stevens Daughter marry I played the guitar and sang a song for some of the guest at the sidewalk it came off to Christmas and. Stevens gave us a treat : I left that job and got a job painting at Empire Mr Sampsel was ch1et Foreman and Liscomb was the bose of.the gang I remember the month of November, President Roavelt came I was painting at the new hotel at Empire the steps outoide and the President ... pass near me dressedn wb1te and wore an Alpine atrawhat I was discharge from the job the month of December, 1906 because I rront feed on the mess, the food \'IllS not cooked properly and would not eat 1t so I vms discharge My next job 1907 I applied for a breaknman Job on Ing1ne no 211 I worked in th9.t job 2 month and quit I >Tel)t out to work one morning the yard master change me off and told ma to go on Locomotive 303 I told hlm I did not feel like work1ne; that mornine; he sent. another breaks man that time l'lew .Town Culebra were blo1m up and ready for excavating 303 Locomotiye \tent to New To1m to S. Shovel before I leave the yard I heard the Locomotive Hhlstle I sa11 the oame engine coming the breaksman fG6t cut off I the same time I applied got another Job with l8.bour and Quarters I was sent to Camacha. kitchen to ltork by 1-!r J. Poole I 'rlorked there until the Damm l I I i I '[ .I I I r I' ., r L...b._....:::....:.___:_:=---:---. -----------------------Y __

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II [ II II f [ /'l.Z------Gard, J. H. -p.2 was. finish I sent to 1wrk as a jani ter I Fork there for 1-lr Poole until August 7th, 1907 I leave the Isthmus and return to Barbados I expected to return in s.ix but fe:ill sick and could not return unt111 1909. I took another contract and return to the Canal Zone I arrive the 22d day of 1909 and placed at Culebra again I started to work at Pedrom1gull Spanish Mess as a fireman tho Steward name tras Mr John Harper I uork Hith him a finema.n he has I took siok and want to Hospital 15 days when I came out I went to Empire I stood their for. some time com1n6 to the close of the year .I went to Porto Bello I 1-10rked until cloning of 1910, I took sick in Portobello s.ent to Colon Hospital during the time in Hospital a Circular came out after discharge from Hospital must report I stood two days in Colon l'ihen I return were discharge .... I had forgotten Colonel Gothala 1907 I return to Empire 1911 on my return found things very difficult for a job after knocking around I am a Shoemaker by my tools and start working about the month of July I return to Portobello let me say this. the man that r1s.ked his life to in Portobello quarry should been compensated I lrork us night on Steam Shovel until 1912 I .left Colon and came back to Empire weQt to Pedro Miguil and e:nploy as. a Hachiner' s. helper t".y Foreman name l-1r Valdes f-Ir BArtholmew was. Supervis.or 1913 was. tranafered to I.U.raflores let Divis.ion it 1/aB called and their unt111 1914 February was laid off went to the Dredging depa.rtment 1st of April and work till November 1915. JOSEPH H GARD -.-. :., ;..-. 1: l.i '' i/ L I ... I \ .:':( \ i -

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Garner, John; Estafeta JuRn Panama, R.P. I carne to the Isthmus from Barbados on s.s. Selent May 1908, service contruct f/16lJ77 and began Hork for the Isthmian Canal Commission as laborer "First Class" stationed at Taber nilla. I set to work \lith e. three piece suit, a pick, shovel and a claw bar, servicing R.R. tracks for train taking dirt from the Canal to Dump :2rea, my immediate Foremnn NaB 1-lr Joe Jalaney and Mr !-!elvin C. i'1tlck -General Foreman. I along with men \Tho had done this v10rk before so I did not take very long to break in. \'/e v/Orlred nine hours per day and sometimes a double shift especially Hhen a dump area was about .. to be opened and happen to be crossing over the Panama Rail Road main line this had to be done by night to avoid any delay of the Passenger Train, so we had to hustle. In those days it rained every day and almost all day, never-the-less the work went on and there 1rere no lost time. In the month of April 1909 I had the first touch of malaria fever and vms treated by the Doctor at the Tabernilla. <, .. Rest House This place Has equipt with beds to take care of about 20 men for a matter of three days and 1f not better in three days you v1ould be sent to Hospital. I had spent days at this rest house and although not quite better and did not want to go into' Hoopi tal I asked the Doctor for my dis-charge he gave me. I believe I had enouer)l Quinine in my body to cure t110 men. That Quinine had me groe:r and I was unable to Nallt do1m the stairs alone so I asked a man to help me do1m the stairs nnd out into a path 1hich led to the Camp. It H''S about 9 o' clock In the dny and I had to hide around until five o'clock l>acause it 1as not alloHed to be around the Camf during work hours. Hhen I reach the camp it was very near,. 6 o clock for the fever had me dmm and almost out. When the boys at the Camp nm1 me they came nnd lifted me up the steps they Hl.'.nted to [:;ive me something to eat but I had no appetite so they drenched me 1dth Bay Rum and had me drink some also. The folloHine; day they assisted. me to the lnbor train and put me off lrher'f my gang .l and they encour!'l.r<.e roe to st0.y at that end and get a job in the Canal. On ;;onclay I Hulked nlonr; the Canal to Paraiso and got a job 1rith the Burveys. 'l'he Enc;ineer in charge was Mr vi. 1>1. Tenny l;ith a staff of 6 state Ro.te men and 18 Local ...... .. 1"". 1 .-. i i ,, ; t::.::.:_

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r Garner, J. p,2 Raters the office n v1ooden structure 1l.th a concrete vault for a dry room. The building has 'beon rernovGd but the vault remain up to present time in Farv.ieo. I Hent to Hork l'lith this outfit :-..s l;,,borer cutting and clearinc; bush for cross sEction .'/Ork placint: grade etakes for steam shovel cut running base lines !Juttinr, up et!:'.tion targets etc. The 11mi t of our run ;,:J.s from Pedro Niguel to Empire Suspension Bridge. We had quite a lot of difficulties with :slides alone; the Canal, tho ECJ.ot o.nd iiest Culebra slides 1ere the most troubleoome, a gang had to be stationed there at all ,. time the steam shovels 1-101e kept buGy day and night. Years rolled on the "D" day w1s at h::md, the Dyke l'las built across the Canal from l'land1nr::a River to Ch
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' -----J. -p.3 the Panm,m Canal for its outst11nding work covering the elide period and illther achievements throu(3hout the years. l-lr. P. II.. l"ih1te became Superintendent 1n 19118. In 1953 6 men came down from the United States to vc.lua.te the Canal from 1904 to 1953. I was assigned to 1ork 1ith thE:iee men furnishing data required. The name of the Chairman ;;".o :lr True, I dent remember his first name. I under the supervision of these roan and v1as retired from eErvice 1'1 195'1 a. term of 46 years. Ny. motto vras and still 1s Perform the fullest measure of work first anu expect relmrd D.fter. Respectfully JOl!H GARNli:R D.R. #6436 J I l .. ;.,: i i L i _, i' ....... _,...,..,_ -"""'""""""'""""""" ........... -, -'

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George, Augustun; c/o C. Fernie & co., Box 112, Balboa., C.Z. Hy is AU[:Ustus Gc.oorc;e, ar-riveJ. on the Isthmus Aug. 3, 1911. tlorked for J{c.11 J-:ocJ.d at docl' f/4 as 0: stevador witch was the old French dock at that In those days the vessel came dischargcod rt>turned to California because they could e;o no feathc.or. I ::-eme;r11ber v1e could walk from the Port Cnptian's build.ine at present to hodman Naval Station through high bush. In those days we 1ere lmovm has the loth:nain Canal Com1t1on, He worke(l nine hours a day for ten cents an hour I Remain Yours AUGUSTUS GZCf.Gii: .. : 1. : -. :; ,,. l r ,. r r r r f I .... I .... t --

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/1..7 Gittens, Thom&s B. f.(:.! C.Z. (L.L. //12 Balboa East) Obispo 0 Life on counstruct ion do.yr; ruff and tuff only hard Hork rain or ol,ine \ole hnd to co I leave rny home B:::>.rbadoa 1905 1\e;ouGt 26th J 1oms 19 old I come on the boat name the n.olato ;J;o.rb::tdocn io .-;llere the labour force came from cos to h<'lp bulld the l'anama Cnnn.l my first ojob \'12.8 0!1 the tr."
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, ..J I J .1 J J J I Tho constructj.on 1orlcrr :':'.Ve cverythin:3 he posoessed to the u.s. in of Horl:, 1;e 1Jor!{(;c1 in rc.in, Sun, fire, Gun po;nier, e:xplocionc i'rom llynwnits; in house and out Side, 1re ho.d to be hicl.in;for oul' lives, Yello,J fever, Dad 1rater, long hours, in joi;s, no ovrrtlme, 'Gcn cents an hour, but our intrc'st H::-.s to ece tlle C:'.n:.l fJ.nlsh cu.use tiE c.-.me bere to build it, just c:.c. Covcrnor Geoth: lr. :.;:lid, l-ie told a fore:ne.n in my prec.ance, if bE cli.<).nt \Jhi_'ll he; \iG.O to finish the Canal he Houlclilt bEen here. he tl1io .forem:.;,n 1-.'llo.t time he would flniroh fillJ.nc in the S1;.:,1np ck.. Close it doHn at eleven, only two persons heard ti1io bC's.'(ios 1ny8clf, :.;r, Comber and .Nr, ;,!c Furlan. o, Division. You see most of us carne here 1ith thc Go.mc ophit o.a a CiolrliET Esoinc to war, dent dodr:;e from '.-Jorl: or \ip V.'i 11 ncv Er it, and fl:t Has done not in Six days, but our pc.rt \mr. cowr;lctcd, tl;::mk God, I live to See the foundation 1H? hf'.V'" lah1. clom. ixco;no a liv .l.nc Po.raq.is e for tho a o .who are enJoyins lif<: to its l10iflJLs 011 the Cnnnl Zone today, ;;bile us 1ho lo..bored as h:..rd c.::; l1eli to help compete it can only pass tlrrOU[
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,__ > ---Harnaie, Bertrand Emilien; 14211 14 St., Room 8, Colon, R.P. I the under signed is ans1ering you to the matter of request about 11hen I came in country. In September the 20th 1905 I came here on a contract in a boat by the name of 14artinique. The contractors name vias Setun that took me on to 'Iork on the 22nd of September. I used to work on the track line powder gang in gee hill Culebra Charles Rose, Agan, Me, Joseph, aa. far as I remember were bosses there and afterward I used to work in a machine shop the bose name was Cob, the last place I worked liindi Du.iry and I got stuck with a wire and.,. got a thumb blood poison and never got good care taken of it,' they had to out it off on my right hand, I never got paid for 'I" i l it they only gave me sick leave pay that was in 1939 Dr Oaetry was the doctor Jackson, Hop, Scandal were the bosses You .. ,<.: ;.;;_ :.. .. .,. see as I'm french I couldnt read and write english so I was : .? .. ... : .. just left up like that. nou I 1m old get 44 .50 for a pension and cant help myself I have to get someone to help me hoping you'll asset me thanking you ,. I I 1,. ;

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Headley, Hre. Albertha; House 2628, 9 Otreet, Rio AbaJo, Pana.ma, R. P. I come to the Istmue under Contract he arrived here in 1905, rejrurned back to hie native soil In 1908 married Mr. F. A, Headley, 1908 the same year he returned back to Panama on Jan 12 -1909 then hie wife arrived here in the Ietmua of Panama, Dept 13 -1910 and find him employed by the Quartermaster in Empire and he lvorked there until Dec,l912, He left .there and was remployed by Mac Clinte?-1-lareha ; .. 1913 he left and lvhen to the be.ggage station at Pedro Higue a felf months also leave this job here in 1913 got a next employmept in Balboa by Engineer eervoy he also work until job terminated, then he went to work at the train station at Balboa after 1913 to 1914. ... Here are some of my experience that I saw here, places & aoenes are not there but most of Pan:;.ma. I come here lias mostly eml.mp & cow pasture where Balboa, is was nothing to talk about but J have lived to see it a beautiful eight noli cause have cured mootly of the diaeeses or infection in Po.narna then \-IE) saw snakes of all description until theyohaveget rid of most of them we have a little animal here which there called mongo sse. I s1n1 one here in old Paraieo because it killed a enalte then I can telled you something that .lias most I see lifes.lost day by day in the Canal Construction The nar broke out then the two times in my life as young man, is lihen the 1ater enter throut;h the Canal -!: Locks also the boats that pG.oo throu(!;h thEre, then \Ve had a more joful time the rTOrl ,!as over e. Greatest In entire life to see people the Indie.n, in Panama had such glorious time that I have never seo before, ThankS very much 1RS AL'3Eri THA HEADLEY i ; I I

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. I ,., ... : Hermon, Peter; Colon Post Office, Colon, R.P. .This is to certify that I have work for tho Panama Canal from 1905 the 17th of April untill 1915 at your deaere. Arrived rrom Barbadoes contract. '1/ork for the aurvay department with Mr Te.tan and Nr. Nornance living in camps and tents in difioult paths tbrU rains and suns. A lots of fever in those days I have to take medicine on the Job. The Doctor's name was Mr. Goram his helper' a. was Mike. Work on the rail road with Mr. Oonole General foreman Sub forman Skipper. Also Laacase.daa out aa pump man giving water to steam shovels, Mr. Cant foreman Supt. Mr. Chanler Govener Gothel'a head quarters were in Culebra. ... His coach man's ns.me was. \iilliams. My memory can't arord me thrU old age to eive more details. While remain PETE:R HERMON D.R. 4437 .:.. :. .. .,_.: :. ... ... .. .: .. : i :!.: I :' ... ... ;,-r .' i L: .. ;.f'Z''. -I _j

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I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I Hibbert, Isainh 1!. Fnirfield Ave., !ruin P.U., St. James, J n.maica. I bD.ve> ncen your o:f.' your conpetition a.nd 1'/0uld like to be consl.cl.cr El n.s 8.n I arrived in i 11 1911 c.nd :cot a .1 ob in the p01dert:"-n(3 at Colobra Cut. :-;y f'.econd job ::c>.s at the stem shove: I moving section l.n the s:o.me cut. >y third ,lob to vrork on the hydro.ulic pump at Gold Hill. Hhen the Dyke 1ms blm:n up in IS'l3 the 11th of November, the ceme in ;md. I 1rked on thl" mud-scow in the nic:hts in the St\me Colebr11. Cut. fifth ,jGb 1-l<'.s at :\irafloures cut tin() :.teol <:.nd iron to lay on the. 1oclro. Hhen the co.no.l ,::>.a constructed. jt 1-1ae feet deep. I lmew. only of. two locl:s one at Gatuno 'lnd tho other at lUra flour as. The loclm \'Tore constructed 1-1ithe ce.-nent steel and sheet iron. The sides and bottom were constructed of concrete,.,_'< .. There is ''centro 1-1a.ll" in the centre of the Canal. There \'me a rEmer at the locl;: n .;.iraflouree 1hlch broke do 1m one dny and kill01.l. abuut 30 men. I !:'.m, Your I. H. JJI<1BERT T1l'itten o:1 'the 21nt .f11ly b,y Ioo.2.c Ja.,!:Go e.o otatod by 1-lr. J ;-'<:'.io.h ;J1;lbert .. :; ..

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I r I I -. I I .. I I I I I I I I I I 'P) .. Hodges, George; 5th Cuba I.ve. St., !lee 24-17, Guo.chapali, I'o.naroa, R.?. Hy arrival on the Il:lthmus !ay 21st, 1906; landed in Colon from on board the steam ohip Tague. Then I were trans-: fered to the l\o.il Road train; when saying train, I don't mean paooenp;er train; it vms box car train, myself and many many more. \"ihile coming up from Colon, one box car was cut off to each section until got to Pedro ?-liguel that night. Then on that snrne ni(2,ht, 1re were taken to Cocoracha Section; from there, we were also tn.ken to tho >less Hall; where we treated tha.t night. From were o.e;ain taken to the GovermGnt Camp to sleep. We weretoldby the boss in charge ':ho \'Tao an An:ericnn man to get ready to report to work by 6 o'clock tho following morning, After we were. reported on that morning, he said to us, now each of you get hold of a pick and. shovel and follow rue. \ie did obey his orders; a!1d he then took us up to Paraiso yard v1here the vrator company \las dige;ine; a ditch to put down a big water pipe. As far ao I can remember, that ditch was about 5 deep, just about exactly v:here the. Club House and Commissary in Farais.o right noN in thomid road. Around that very spot where that Com'l!y & Club Bouse is built no1;, there Has a coal bunker 'Hhere tho nicht huolero used to co.ul up engines at ni(:l_,hta. Should there be any doubts on that, you can please refer to records in Balboa llcic..flts. The name of the Superint emdent was Hr. \"lalker so far uo 1 can remember. The general foreman of that Dlviss1on HHs one t-2', Taylor, tho Chief Timekeeper nRme \'las 2-ir. ,.;inter, then eave to us ICC check to Nork with. At the very opot \There the H1e;h School built right no1;, there \tas a ar:;all lo.J.re of \'IS.ter \'lhere they usually used to dump garb!q;se came fr-c,I;J the aectlon. Vr;ry people ot lmowo tl12.t. I Horked about nix "(6) months 1rith that divission ae far asi my :ne;.wry se:rvcd me. I left there e.nd uent anu got a ,lob j_n n. llotel ill tbn.t s.?.me Section (Paraiso). The Hotel ManaEer Gelgul, l'lhom I 1-1orked for about eight ( 8) montbs. After working eight n;ont.hs tho Hotel, I \'lent and got n Job in ancthE>r Hotel in )';:c,:r-irs. This pe.rticular Hotel one of the Old i"rcnch:tcn' s of ilhich m.>.s occupied temporary. It vns :'.round. Cctober 190'7. Duril1{( that same December, lle VIG'e tran3fercd over in aJa a new liotel which built at or ner1.r the Rr.>.il 'F.o2.d Station in Empire. year was The l'lanager' s no.me ::r. Gonr.lolfo. I worked there about 10 months;

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I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I n'f I Hodses, George -p.2 then I left there on account of pai':rnent .ms too smal.l; for in those days, they Here only puyins a 1nonth. After I bad left the Iiotel, I arain picxed up a Job at Rio Grande Car Fepa1r1ng The For(;:can' s na.me was Rosegrant, \'Thom I've lTOrkeJ for over an _year, From there, I c;ot a Job in Colebra Cut, in the year 1909. From hc:re I can you some brief experience about Colebra Cut, those dayo. 'i'he Foreman, vthom I got the Job, his name v1as Jack Adams. I l'lafl e1oployed there as a powder man. I 1-1orked there from 1909 to 1911J. I can remember in the year 1913,of Hhich I cannot the date, but it was on a Saturday, He 1ere notified by the boss from the Friday afternoon, to report to l;ork Se.tu.rday morning early, because l-lere going to howe a.n important task to be darried out that day. In those days there '.-Jere neven (7) pc;wder gang working from Para1so, Colebra Cut
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I 9 I I I I I I I I I I !lodges, G. -p.3 carries 5 packages for which each pack carries 20 sticks. \vhen the powder wus delivered on the opot, he told me peroon ally0 see to it that they a.re protected and cover over from the engine 1 s sparkles. And so I did. 'l'hen at the same time Nr. Cushlne;. sn.id, ".-iell boys, thiA r.hot ia to be onade day, don 1 t play n.rouncl; :for if 1 t even tnke Ufl uy to tonir.;ht, it has to be done." l!ov: the loadinr; started; DOW take a note of I am cayinr, some of the holes were 30 ft. vertical, F.nd some Hc;ro less. 'rhe toe holes, vrhat they have culled toe holes, oorne 11ere 10 ft. to 12 ft. deep. \/hen 11e Here about micl:.:ay in tl1o shot; one of the Cushing called to a man by the name John Sll.ndyford, and told him to take some men with him and r,o back ::>.nd start to load the toe holes. A:gout 5 minutoo after they had started loadine; those holes, I heard Sundy ford shouted out, "look out And vlhen vre did loolc, vie s::nr the, holes started to discharge one by one without any electrical \'lire attn.ched to them. Then it was that time 11e bud realized 1-rhat vias ecing to ha.ppen. And lihat did really happen, the bosses and all the men had to run to save their lives. So, I the man 1-1too advise the boss .to use .. .that Trojan p01der, and if they did not heed my e.dvise, I'-:. vrould not be alive today to toll the story what had k!ql!tJmi. happened that day, By saving 5 powder f':
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I I .. I I I I I I I I I r I I I I I .,. Hodges, G. ltay up the. track, about 50 ft. from them, I 1ritneosed a stone about the eize of a flour b::trrell pitched out the cliff, as if' it had been throm by some one, and drop on a colored man's back, uhile he iro.s cranking a Tripad Drill Machine; and killed him dead on the spot. A next accident that I have again, it was one avenine; about 5:10 1'.1-:.; vre h>J.d already loaded somo holes to make a shot; but as a rLlle, the shot could not be fired, until 'after 5 1-rhen everybody are cleurod away from that urea. So 1rhenevor time he is [Ding to make a shot at that hour, he generally so1nmed the 'rrackline gang to clear the track, and also be on the lnert for vrhenever the shot is fired. Because shouild in case the ehot affect the Tracldine, they can repair 1t immediately after the sbot; for the Train to pass the follo1rine dny. Cn that vny same evenii18, there was an engine. coming up on the same tr11ck; the number of the engine was 288. I. smr one of the men ft'om the Trackline ga11,3 was standing in the center of the track; and all .the call his ovm Qountrymen called to him to get off the track; but he kept on looking. _at tho CD!lling engine com1n0 towarda him. If that engineer did :: not check up on his speed he N3-S coming, that man 1-lould of been: a dead dead man in pieces on the spot. 1'he ene;ine came up on him and pushed hin some 15 to 20 feet in the truck from where he 11as standing; but .be 1;c.s still alive, 1-11th :neatly all his llkin ':las striped off like a pice o of lla.m bone. All I could of heard him said, "i-U.' Ho.dre, i-Ii 1.-lo.drc:" hhich means, 11 '!-1other, !!Jy ;:.-;other:'' Tho enfine L1rnediately took him to l&Xl'l. Ancon Hospital, us it called during thoss days. That gang was only all Sp..--..in Sp;mic>.rd 11orking to(lether. After he was taken to the llospital, 1 .t timin; he then mlscE:d his step and fell ri.::_:J1t ut the ':lhi:iel ol the !;eccnu train I-Illich was cowing bohind, G.nd cut his bod,) ri(r,ht in Jw.lv of the p,,_n:J.ma Cnnal.

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I I --1 I I I l I I I I 1 I /.:37 Hodges, G. -p.5 As I luwe v.lread.y stnted, these happenings should be recorded in Dulboa Heichts. The only thinp; that bother me, the dates I reo.lly cannot rEmr.:ber. Shoultl there be any sli;:;ht doubt on these, p:j.eu.ee refer to records;. for I am certainly sure t.i"mt tl:,eJ are rece>rded. 1-layba, not as I explain, but they v.re alone; co.ny many more. These happenings ure just p:1.rt of all what I have seen during those days. TJere are lots more I cb.n say, but it will me quite a timo. So as I am a Retired Old Timer, I am r,iving thanks to the United States of America, and may God bless them all. GECJHGE 1-iODGiS Old rimer 7 .; I .1: ": .. f' '.'.:: .. .:

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I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I Holder, Everton H.; c/o llrs. Evelyn Howell, 672, Rainbow City, C.Z. I ca;ne to the IsthmwJ of P.:tnama in 1905. i4y "first employment ih the early construction days was at Coroznl as a painter under Supsrvlsor, i'1r. St e1m.rt. Like 1nany other employeeil, I suffered much wlth malaria fever because of the water and swampy conditions 1-lhich e;{isteu then. the employees, often had to drink 1mter runninc from the river flov1ing through Corozal. Sometimes railroad engines 1-1ould supply us on even ings. Although I had to cook and 1-msh as best I could, I am truly grateful for the help_of nll the e;roat Americans and others I during my st;.'use;le with the difficulties and hard ships that both conditions itnd the lack of sanitation -.presented. I have much to praise God for I was able to retire with 49 years of e;ood conduct nnd meritorious service with the Panama Canal. --. -:-;A-;.. -; :.r Balboa Heic;hts __ can furnish n det<'.ilod record of the many duties \Thich I perfor:ned durlnt3 that time of extremely hard and hazardous labor. HOivGver, I 1ould like to gave a brief history of my services in the buil<1inc and rnaintt;nance of the Panama CQ.nal. Besides Norldne at Corozal, I painted que.rters and employees be.rrncks at l'nr(\iso. Under Quarter-master King, I rorked as a fore;n;:m pn.intor at Culebr<'-. At fedro Miguel I was in charge of supplying materials to men ,.,orkinr; at distant stations; and during m2.ny engt![_':Omentn served as a volunteer fireman. \iorld 'iar II found Horldr1e; as a foreman painter 1-lith tho Commissary DiviBion. Deing then a resident of Rainbow City, then named 3ilver City, 1 served in the Civilian Defense as Chief lrrea :ia1den, a nervice for \1l;ich I am the happy holder o:f a certificate and rL>IJon of morit, as as the title of ll.eutenant. To mention Gc:no of the ofi.'icin.lo for Hhom I have painted qHartern n.nd. furnitures, etc., I venture tho following list. Col. Rcunsdce, Col. Gillard, Col. !lodges, various Quartermasters, J. n. Fields of the Buildinc Division, etc. 'It 1m.s :1 connonto have to carry a 112-lb container of 1-lhite lend pa.int on my slloulclor all tho 1rny throue;h Culebra Cut from Silver !!ill to Goltl lllll to do my Hork as transportation 1ras not up to date. I had to par.s many steam shovels : ,; ..... : ., .-.

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' I I { : I I 1. I I I I I I I II I I I --------Holder, E. M. -p.2 which dige;inc tho channel n.m1 had to duck so as to get array from dynamite blaotinr:; in tho great Culebra Cut, In those days I vritnesaed men 1ho 1-1ere dam<:1.ged by train accidents and me.ny l'lho vror blasted Hi1on liFhting dynamite f'uoes or by the explosions of the dymttaitc itself I ventured to eive you this rhyme of the great water as it ie today, llY :::cnn. Tho I sthmua of Po.nwna is a mu row neck of land; It joins the North and South no if they one. The North Americana with their aharp-edsed tools, Cut the neck to make a man-made lake vrith three brimming pools. : I I -I Panama the crossroad of the vrorld Let allthe nations sinc; Panama the crossroad of the l'lorld It is tho nations' hymn, .. ,. ,, .. .. ,. ... __ -.'I .. :; .. The North Amer_icane 1-11 th tbGir engineering skill Sent the sea waters up and down hill, From tho Atlantic to Iacific Side the Carl bbean 1.she a l'li th flooding tide, Panama the crossroador trio 1-rorld Let all the nations sing Pum:.ma the crossroad of the 1orld Carries a miehty rinc. The locka are the centro lllnc of the {:5reat
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I m I I I I I I I Holder, E. i-l. -p.3 The depth of the clln.mber 1s not vary deep It is not less than seventy-five foot The vridth across 1s one hunclJod cmd ton Not quite as wide as n circus tent. Panama the croosroad of tho Horld Let all,the nations sins Pann.ma the crossrond of the world Land lvhere tho Balboa 1 o l1ing. With oome giant machinery tlJat io called the mule They convey the ships in and out tho locks iYi th lines attuched from ship to mule They tow the ships out tho cieantic pool. Pnno.ma the crossroad of the Norld Let all tho rw.t_ions sing Panama the cronsroa.d of the Horld The old and new unitine. Now thnt tho ships are out of the locke, Tho funnel of uorld commerce They propell their 1w.y to distant docks, Cargo and human load to disperse. Pe.nama the crossroe.d of the 1-rorld Let all the nations sing famJ.ma the crossrot'd of the HOI'ld It 1 s a perpetual thine;. Amen. Heopectfully yours, LV EL'i'Cil ?-l. llC-LDjiJ: D. I.. i:o 6284 ,I Dnte of birth: I:ov. 12, 1887

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I I I I I I I I I I I I I I , Powers I 1mrked at the Corral from 1906 until 1920 In the year 1906 1907 -1908 they had no sanitation fever was. killing out the people the deads were so many we the Steameters had to go to the hospital around the beach for the deade in:" .. ,;:: ... wagon to place them ln box curs around by Christ Church they had track line lade there to Mt Hope Cemetery. The cost of livins at that tm.e was eo low any one could live on what you.. .. wo'rk for the things in-the_ commissary was at a low price instant Rice 4 lbo for 12 Flour the same a bread 4 1 tin m1lk 5 a blue shirt for \'larking 40 at that rate a .50 book you. could almost buy cverthing you needed, Rent in the goverment Quarters free until 1hen we started to pay I paid as much ae $4.35 I rot married in the year 1908 the 14th day of July to my present l'li fe rae the father of five children 2 died leaving 3 Hho were girls. In the year 1920 Feb month I lost that job a strike came up I 1ms then hired at the electrical division let d!'.y of !:: in all those years of Sorvice not until rny sie;ht had failed me nov/ I have lost both legs but thank God I am still feeling good in my body During my years of Service l got alone; .r1ith every one I .came in contact v11th. Hoping this wlll meet your approval I remain Dl'.uchter Ethel H. '.'lorrell Attorney in fc.ct for John A Halligan -----------.. I

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I I [ I I I r I \ I l I r I [ f I I I r I r l l I L I r m I I 'I 1... llughse, Joseph n.r, !'.ot::-.f[t.l?.' I'o.rque Lefevre; l'anama, I landed on the lst11muo the 28 of May 1906. My expGriences are tho follov1ing. The firnt place i 1ork 1.e in h'1.BCC'.ecadr.s as helper Nr. Vernon an American, at the>.t ti:G tho cortl cl,ute 1w.s 1n bu:t.l in LaacasThene co:'.l chute WJ.S build VTith heavy ste.:l and at that time \Is had to use our l1:'.nd to J.1f.t those cteol, to get them in their r1.p,ht :.mel hy liftin13 those heavy steel is almost t:ot my flnf:er antl toes cut off, that NaB my first experiences. in the Cl!.nHl 11orl{. fl. little bc:lore the coal chute was through i leave rtro. Vernon and 1:ent. to 1mrk in the Sanitary Department Mr. Lebert a Jamaiccm forG.'ilan in 1-Iato.chin, which is another: experiense i gain i 1/r.s almost bitten by a great serpent. At that time many 1m.a ){-ill by mosquitos, After that ileave the Snn1tary Dep
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I I I ;I I I I I I I I I m I Hunt, Clifford! labor Office (?), Cristobal, C.Z. I Clifford Hunt contracted here 1906 and drop at Gorgona -Section. I came by the Royal Mail steam packet by the name Selent. They took us to a camp in the bottom cf Gorgona. I 'riOrk in the shop the second v1eek the Hed took of my boot sole I wonder what was the meaning of thatl I had no money I had to tie my foot with canvas hold me and wy bowels got big I v1ent in the rest house in Gorgona fever hold me so fast: cause me to lea:ye two \teaks pay and I did not no how I could get it and I never worry .. up to now. I work in Matachin with typhoid drills with steam we had no air, I escape death from the explosion in the Canal I work six months in water dight and day. I never had a minute dry clothes water up to my knees, I work lifting steam shovel section I work 'rlith every thing that come to put thrue the Canal in my gang tell the Boss I am going out _to ease .. my bowelsand they die in the bush and nobody look for I cry sometimes to see ho1 I work to put this Canal through up to lmow they dent pay us no mine today men are walking in and havo everythine; s1eet I am one up to the time they retire me in 1950 and the little pension we are dying for but I ask God to open you all hearts and have mercy on us through Starvation cause plenty of us to die the cost of living nobody say any thill6 about us every year you hear little talk and that all. But I l'lill say I wish Uncle all prosperity in life hoping he may reign for ever CLIFFORD Jri.JNT ,. _,

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I I D I I I I I ... I I I I II I I Hu::Hley, Brn.ndt ; c/o l;rn. Louioc Gcnjnmin, co.reto.l{er, llt, Clw.rlGs .Dor.n,.:ma Cann.l prior to 1915 to eive some experience about tl1o of tl1e Cn.nal and aa I am one of the ,,Jan th:-.t ;wrJ: thEir I 1uld. lil{e to r:.ive some of my of 1.'h:'..t I r-;ee <:'.nd 1hat .I Jmm In the year 1909 I le1:>.ve JG.mD.-icr. for Colon I land in Colon the loth of !:i:;'.;;<._t-f'l!l .. !-lay aame yNJ.r I went ir1 the Zone a couple of days after and' I got a Job in Cristobal hotel as a cook helper from their I bigin to expcrla=nce some of the Nork that goine; on j.n the Canal first thine; I ad;nire moot hor Cristobal wero kept ola.ne that 1rore o. pln1aurc After some time drud13e 86 down from the USA and 1ent to Fox River I got. a job on her and on that drude;e I OJ.'Ent the moot of m;:r time That. drudge l'.ble 'co enter the Canal with lH?r forco 11' C!\1.0 ;.'nr. to bC' c;oinc: up to Colon nnd see those trusle you lw:_,lcJ. not :w.l.ro:.ve it is d;J.l,lp land. I \rould llb: to so;"" thing about Gatuns for lt is be t\'leGn (!'l.tune :l,nd Cr:i.f.ltullal I op<:nd tl'Je most of rny days, I Nere in Gatunc t.bcy die do;m a hill [l.nd br1nr; it to level. Then they atmt dolnc the excevat1nr: work to m!".ke the loQks ....... :?;:;_. ;-,: '. .... .... '-" -----------

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I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I r Hussey, B.-p.2 After they come plc::>.t tll<.>.t tben c<-:oeo the -lcKlentio Marshal to hang the c;:J.tes Then is lvhcr I r:.oe l'londere they put up a concrect mixer then cement sand and ('avle and water all c;ae;e nnd belou the mixr their is a lot of pan car running on electric lines they cr,oeo under the shute and get their load v.nd then they r;o to tl::co place they Hnnt the concreet They dump it out a11d qHo.y they e;o clay and night. I have seen some of the c:,m,.l 1;l'lero t!tG French mn.n 1;ere dieine; in the day of the Delessep 1 to the tlry at !It. Hope and see r/here they repair nhips I co to the bfasheen Shop at Mt. Hope and several other po.rt of the canal Hnny of my country men lost their life in the Camil Colon 1ere a dirty place full of mud dirty 1mter mo.squita But the American to 86 drudge and dump up the whole place I was their when the bie; fire uere in Colon eo I can say the American Government do lots of goodfor Colon and 1'helr Here a place uhere some people 1.;as living c:tll Guarva ric; 1:llen nny one. hr.we to c;o their you have to 1mlk on. bot1.rd 1m.lk the Amer lean dump up that plnce and now I here it is call the Silver Citv God Thless the American Government for they have save a lot' of life from dirt and filt I have stay their lont:; enoue;h to see the first ship go true the Canal and after that I leave the ismuot and I never go back_ l went to many other country I 1mrk in Cuba in the American t naval station in Guantrmemo I have lots of expriance about that naval station but as you are not interested in the naval station I \-mnt 1rorry nbout it but I. were in the naval station before I go to Colon I lTish you ,.,ill acept this v.nd escuse llriting for I am a old man no1., today is my birth day I am 82 years of ac;e I this my self I beg no one to l'lrite for me llolT I must clos-e t!t tlJ1s and my mne .is Brandt Hussey born in Jo.maica in the y E['.r ... ------_ __j

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I I I I I I I I g I -------..,...... /\11 (>aint.n V:ill:).rc, Anti511o., D.'i.Ij I \Hmt to the Icthurus of P:?.n:.mc. in 1907. I left December 31st 1917. I from Go. tun to B8.lboo.. I 1ork uHh o. surveyor putt.J.nr; tloun st.o.lcGS for :;he c.t.eam shovel to dig the earth throHinr; the moulcl e:-.ch r.lde of the Canul. From thG ti;>e I Hent t>.cre, l 1ork .-1.l.th the surveyor only, puttinr; .kes; steam shovel. c1ar-:c of wor]{ero; not only were those but. th ore nere D.1co those 'tlho operated There 'tiEr o r>.lno baboone into ch the mould t/as p1ac ed, D.nd tre.1nn used to t".J'e tl!G mould n.nd dump it at a far plo.ce. There cvGJ" L1G, 000 >corkers. r.y personul No, on the brc.:lS \ms 46,CLI3. bon:;; in tl1c "'orn:i.n:: men '{ n,1n,, thourh we left c'ur homes on the 6 o'clock trn1n to rco.ch for the appointed time. It '':il.S the i.initecl th'.t Jcror.ooe:tl to take over the construe tlon of t.ho C:'.n:>.l. the peot)le c:; UiiO \;Grc t.o h.':"'.VG thE made, "' eced.ed fror'J Co lr.;;nl.)i;>. 1:ho ref ur>c-1 to r:'.i. 5.fy the e.uc;c;eot ad P.rrP.nGe:ncntr-.1 ::qJ(! .l.'ormcd J.nto o. Rer-ublic. 1'hc c.:.n:i'.l Zvne is 10 1r,ilen :;l.tes pa1d the ne1 Eepublic tho oum oi' ,:;10, OQO, 000 ::cnd ncreed to pay. an .. : ___ __j

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I I I I I I I I I I I l I I I I I I 8 I -17 -----=-James, F. p.2. annual rent of n qu.r:>-1 tcr of millJon dollars, beGinning after n1ne .Y The ::reat difflculty in th0 1my of the construction of the Canal wao disease. It Nas diocoverod th:tt the r:10oquitoes 1as the carrier of the dioease -yello1 fevEr, nnd persistent war 1-tr.l.B ltaged ae;ainst it. The lenet,h of the Cnnc>J. fro'll shore to shore is 35tl miles, and from deep water to deep wnter io 44 miles. <,. I sl.ncerely hope, I llEo.ve completely satisfied you, and:.=: .,. have sent the information t.bat iD required as advertised by .Ruth C. Stuhl in one of our -where she quoted that 1st, 2nd 'md 3rd. Prices 050 (U.s.) .. ::!--.. First priz.e; U.S. -Pri7.e and $20 U.s.do.llara 3rd. prize. llopin.:; th:.\t I 111 bo one. of the fortuna.te ones being one of the personL.l I o.) I oa.v "Thnnk you" in ndv2.nce. I am, Yourc fl'.i1:hfully, FT;I::DL'\ IC K J A:o;1!;!3 Ilc-t.tor ';n01;n iu .icnt:i. u:-1 .. ir. Jn:!ec. Frederick. .. ;

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I I I I I I I I I I I Jooeph, Jacob; tf. in 1<)09 o.nd c t:rt ad to in the orune year for tho con.Gtructlon on the traclc-line, tamper ine; ro.ils, carT:;'ine Pails :'.nd ropr:.iring ties; turning S\Titch; uo1nts star :mil t.vpor drill; running electric uire for explosion; using ctoo.rn sbc .. vol; die;e:ing holes about 75 to 90 feet for 19rection of tC\;er plus concretine; bnoemont and carrying po\;der for explos:).on into cut. Right after 1 started to worl: on Pedro Higuel and Mir!!, flores locke UEl inG rnacl1ine to reern out holes. ., Then 1 oto.r-ted to Norl: for 1913 to 1957 in the of Higuel, then at Parniso. the Electrical Division from ... helper o.nd cha\.\ffeur at Pedro.:. .. : The livinc; conditione existed of camps while employed in ...... the canal construction and 6 to 8 men \rere living in one ._'.'-: room. Sleeping accomodaticms ,1ere not available, so had to sleep on the floor. While employed <'-lr.u for the conatruction, .l.ntr<1.
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I I I I I II I I I I I KavanaV1, L:mcelot A.; J.lvor Vic-:, I'lo:Iden ?.u., South Nanchester, Seeing your adv in tJ,e daily Gleaner of 11 June 1963 I hereby give you Some of my experiences on the I emus, Arrivinr; in Colon on the s.s. Viscania of the steamohip Coy in 1905 P.t the t:Lllle 1hen the Libirals and Conservites were fir_J1tine; 8o.u a. tra.in c(l.llle ln from Pan3lliB. Box ca.rs marked Coffee u]Jen suclenly in Colon the Care was opened up out soilders shooting all over the to1m after many years many of the sl'l.ot lloleo could be oeen in the rail liay peer Zinc uhere the shots mo.rked 1'L w:o.s then that the Americans took over I e;ot a job as coolc at ;:1.shlne;ton Hotel then Americans started up .a hosplto.l on the beach I took a job there aa Steward had to go in the mo.rlcct early morninc;s to buy meat & vegetablES that was the Colon mn.rket 1-iD.nae;er of the hospital \'laS a tlentlema.n nruned Dr Ecrr but after the hospital began to Improve more r1ere cominc; 1n I lost the job to a white man at that time one Conolly 1ms Engineer on the Panama Rail Road .tall big man I tausht him to: pe scotvh always; 1n his (.: ....... khaki eui t and out on the Line ln came Lulet. Flldriak Mears Enr;ineer for tlle Iomc.t8.tion Cun:!l Comminsion I got a job as forman and 1ms the first to put up a flac on Gatun hill and laid out tent there for the men Nho wer now coming in from America but the fever lra.s---:3o had many Came and 1ent back on the next boat coulored & 1llite c1.yine; fast hundreds were burried at llonJ:e:v Hill no1:1 co.lleLl Hount Hope I 1ill here give an honest joke that happened at Gatun Hill Some of tho for:;JCl1 brouht their :-!others in Lalf with them c>.ml. on eDn.s c. 'JiGL':cc not John::\ collo1ed the 11hale it 1/!l.S the who.le 1ho '.'ollo::c,1. .}c,,mc. ::".ht the ::orcrn8.n p...qrson 1 dont care a God da;-. but 1 ];"]Jo.; sonc (io_ lloEr a F.rand en::ineer but a e;reat drunk he \'IOilltl be drunY: for ;; d-'. v n for the 1eek but in two days he did more 1-1ork than the re:>t .. cUd for the 1;eck \'.'hen the water started to back up in ;Jol)iO the c::tmp Ho.n transfered to the Governors .; -.-: : :: ...... ": --

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I I 1-"""", I I I r l--I u KavanaC;h, L. I. -p.2 houso on tho illll fOl' 11. fetr Jnonths I then \rent l'li th the engineero to nurvey the rail line from 5atun to gore;ona They built up a en route c::tlled Frolies the men there lived in box .-1hi tc IC, coloured v;orkora 'l'hey had a Commissary ran by a. old f:;.'cnch The forman there \'IO.S Ran Elder a very h:!.rc.l ..;olJ.o:inr; :H:::<.n it .l'I:J.o o.t th.iu stn.tlon tlw.t G.n E:nc)neer slipped at a sNitch broke hl.s ler; 2.nc1 t:;,en tP.ken to the llos:pital found she : 1-m.s a \roman 1wrl\.inc; amonc tho nen nll the time leaving there I I \rent to 1or!c '.8 Hro.ns i'to.nGr &: cook at !Uraflorea on the hill i I had nome friem1s viOrkinf, at Tivoli Hotel as \taiter They told 1 me ho\'1 heavy the tips Here I left a.nd Nent got a job and had t:;.o out nt 5 a.m. r;ot my meals o.nd start serving 5J0 to 7:.& or 8 n.m. off a.t 9 ba.ck at 1115 my lunch start 12 t1ll2:1Q. baclr a.t lJ30 till72 p.m. I had to change my suit1 three times for the days E.s 1;as IH>t throuc;h from the running up, and rondo the tips but NitJ.iln ti-ro months had to leave it my i legs sta.rted to tremble 'l'hen 1 Hent to et.tun l'lhere they were building the. lock. and., the hourly P.'"c' Hao eood cot a job ua1ne; a air l!lJ.mmer. on the : out aide 4 of uc to o. board 1th n hook on each end of the 1 board to a runnlnc cJo\m their being layers of these doWl the o ide 1::, th 4 men eacl1 'l'he air machine \rc1ehed about 28 lba : Some fool on top of my Do:wd moved over from his end to get a cic:.rd toppled out the hook and sent! about five bo:wt1s 1ith men & nn'.chine down 4 died instantly about 10 others broken limbs luckily for me i never got a1 scratch but they put me ln an elec;\;ric and shook us up The doctor told me l \rould loose all my which did hl'.ppcn o. fe\'1 y E"-rs later got so fri()htened never Nent bacl' for t!1G l1 t1.0.y c p.1.y I had there About thlD they nta.rted a raihm.y do1m at David pedror;al 8.bout three d:'.yn r;ail from I uent out there to v1orlc ul.th :J.jJ L C J!o.:;;mond Nas :liklu:E out there for o ix mo111t ho/ .. ,hcil I cot k to panama my foot on the ground my hrdr like c-. 1:c;,w.n hCl.(l to cover up my sld.n to e;et into a No.lkerovGr ntore J.n 1h:i.ch hud a hair cut, \/o.sh up, breakfast, They b ... vlnF tcJ.]{en .:Je:J.Gt'rc:nEnt for my suit they \-TBie;hed my old rnc;o-p.1d 'l\0 for tl1c:n by the \leip,h o.ll this after we had lost evror,v in the juncle by the river over runnine its lnnks in the n:i.c;ht Instrument.s, cots tents every thine; I no:: Hondcr if thls ro:1d 1m.s ever built? Hav inc 1-;:c,d enouc;h 1 left in 1912 came to Jamaica and started buoiner,o on my oun made my aelf a merchant and prop!)rty cHner m:.rried baa four children all married has ,,

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I r I I I I I I I I 1 .. u (Sf L. A. -p.3 r,rand children 11-nd noN o.n old ret ired o 1 t and rem ember a.ll the u,.d ancl Isthmus I loot my '.-life 11 years ae;o man "oh" mallJ! e. day I times I had over on the Yourc truly IAHCELCJT A, Kfi.VANAGH .. .... '. ., ---------J

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I I I I D. T. -p.2 mine. I took pousession, slept there-in and felt at home. I loft next mornin5 in interest of securine; employment, ae;a.1n I was i!ortunate, I or..e ;;;r, Cbr1Dt1a.n an American, Foreman, placed my-request and e;nployed the same ds.y in the Lnbor and Qucrtera a.8 a Utility-man at 10} pGr hour, February 23, 1906, In the c!J.rly con!ltruct1on dn.ys, conditions were deplorable. se.n1 tat ion vs-ry be.d, sna"\l.es, malaria. fevGr, yellow fever and -;. other insect pest e. I'ave me1mce to the life and health of all emplO.J' ee8 re(;ardlea8 of color. Another uncomfortable thing wa.s th!lt of a six wonths yearly .... drink1ne; rrater \a9:. a tr,ing of tho past, Had fE-ver and :: diarrhea for sev-eh'" days. There 'ere t'w -r;o:.u-ces of water'. which was ho.rnassed e.nd purified for drinking purposes and. otherrl1se. One at the Atlantic end, and ths other at the Pacific; iit. Hope wae at the Atl!l.nt1c encl, and Miraflores. at the :Pacific.. Miraflores 'r/e. ter was pumped :floro the Chagres .:.,_. River at Gamboa throueh main a distanoG of approximately six miles stored in chambers, ohem ... _htree:.ted for drinking. I had wae toddo my own co1ok1ng, _,:::'.:'.i __ ;_./. my c ... ot es
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I .... I i I. L 1: I! I r !: 1. ill 11 I ,i l li>:o.s an executive a.dviser embudc lrith out::Jtancllnc ab111ty 1n person Hr. C. A. Hcllvaine, legal adviser to all Dovernors. Governor Goethn.lR first design:J.te his cubinet on taking charge. He divided the canal strip into three divisions, Atlantic, Central e.nd Pv.c ific. Col. Gibert 1-:n.n then appointed to the Atlantic Division, Col. Gaillard to the Central and .. .:;-,:. Col.' Williamoon to the Pucific. Notable amonr, the beet'bra1ns 1 were Col. Hodces l'.nd Col. Gorp.s. Col. Hodc;ee \rae Governor Goethals Aid-e-camp o.nd Col Gorga.s the henlth department, 1 creditably he performed. his \Torlc, hence the great Gorgas Hospital Preliminary_ plano gets under-ltay., heavy locomotives steam ebovels, dump tr:tins,drilling machines nnd other minor equ1pmento. There were many doubto manifested as to the real-ity of the completion. 0ome of the rail1m.y stD.t1one mentioned had fallen in the can:J.l prism and <1re under 1ater, some no excavation work ua.s c:.rried out, t;he area vra.s bare 1011-la.nd and need no exc:wation. 'l'he ;\iosttroubleeome dur1ns construction the Culebra Gut, throuc;h it heiGhts on both sides, there \;r-.s ah1:1,ys n. continued slidine; o.nd more-eo toNard the east. l':o.c nececsnry d.urin5 dry season and worst in the wet, h.nd slides block1nr' the channel and neceositate dreclging to cle::>.r the silt \:llich blocked the wa t er-1ray. As. '::orlc on the cannl proc.>:resc ed and a. rea.li ty provisions 1rcre :n;.:.de for the inhabitn.nto \:llo 1rere residing on the wect Hld8 to by the construction of a. pedestrian cross inc; nt E'11piro. There Has also a stlinr:lng br1dge at Paraiso, this britle;e 1:::-.s le.ter re:novec1 to the north end of the Fedro Hir;u el Lockn. /1 reloc11.te,1. line ;rn.s constructed and 'diversion of train folloHcd fro:n G0.tun to Gn.mboa. A Gamboa a Dike \vas built as D. blocl:11.cle ::>.;:.'l.inst tlte rifling of water from the .. .. ',, .. : .. ..... -,_ -,._ ... ;: :. .. I I :I

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g:,. fJ .... I I I I Lawson, D. T. p.4 nothern end, and prevent or visa vera from the other or southern end, and permit train service crossing over. At this junction the IXl.ssenr;er trains hl'.d 1/a.S to do so:ne reversing until the Dike vmo re:ooved. In or during the month of October 1913, this Dike Has blo;m up by President \:oodr01>' Wilson in America, a sub:nurinG cr.ble laid be tlveen I'o.nama and America, two vrireo 1:ere from that cable by a cable-oplicer of vrhom I uns a helper l,lr. John Strauss, the endo out Here on the \rest aide of the Dike the regular method of blac:t.i. 1m.s c2rried out after I was told. that the ends of thG bro wires leading by their colors to .. America was connected to a push button thus enable the operation to be carried out. I 1w.s an eye-rri tness to this notable incident. Ny boos, lGo.rninc. o. special train vtasto have ran on the occasion for the \rhite Americans entreat me to board the train 1ith tool bae; v.nd other pieces of tools. It .... c was a packed train, I h.?.d Has to stand betHeen triO coaches on the platform. I w.?.o not oppos.ed. The great Governor. Goethals Has on the scene, thousands of spectators with 1-trist .watches .and cameras were all alert watching and \raiting .. .-\,:; the final minute, the specified time wns less than two minutes,'then the blast, \rater and dirt were hurled into the air, coming 9-o1m spraying everybody. in its tml-:e. There vro.s a necesoity for distinction between skilled and "''''un-ek1llod, or common lubor-resultinr, in the. division of employees into two c2.tecorieo, tho okilled classified as Gold o.nd the un-skilled or common, Silver. Yearu 1906-1907 1907-1909 1909-1910 1910-1912 1912-1917 1917-1918 '1918-1920 l'lnc e Culebr:.J. On lLine EmpirG on Line Bal. Old Strn. Plnt E7PLCYHil:NT Dect. or Div. Labor & ;:r. CoJa:;;oy .... I l e Tel. Tel. Conc.olidatGd Tel. .!i:lectricl'l.l Occupation Utility-man store & Saleman Line;nan Clerk Cable Spl. Hlpr. Repairman Clerk Foremen Hessrs R.E. \'load Stevmrt Christian Fred Norris Kratz & Anderson II M/C8115 Strauss Denny Grftnberry II ---------.. ------------1 --........ __ -------------------'

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I I I I I .. I I I I I 1-LD.vison, D. T. p;5 '1920-1930 1930-1932 1932-1938 1938 lUra. Old Stm. Plant Pe
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I I I I I I I -I I I I I I I I I S7 Leacock, Joseph I the undersinged do certify thee statements are correct I was born in island of barbados in the year cightteen eighty eight. I sinsed a contrac in the year nineteen hundred and eix to Nork for the Ismainian Canal. On the ari val of. the Boat the Contrac \there seleted they 1here place on:-a train'and where taken to there destination to comply with there respettive oontrac. I the undir sine;ed comence my duty with the eannitary deparment the chlfe line keeper name 1as Hr. Helbertein nineteen o seven I took siok I spend a little time in the hospital I-dont .. preo1sley remember how long but after rcame out ot the hospital I work for the Railroad in nineteen o eight on the docks then I shif the yard ofice i-rr was the time keepr .!F,r was the pusher the I H!ft and took employment t the Anoon the head nurse nc.me was ?Usa Heroheck she the one that employ me and gave me a note to take to the doctor for a examina he employed me at f1thteen dollnrs a month and there I did myservice until !.retired JlSEFH LEACOCK D.F. 4474 ; I I i Ll

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I I g I I I g I I I I I I LeCurrieux Jules E.; C[!.J.le 14 759, Room "10; So.n ">U()Uel Diet., Panoma City, R.P. For the Soc!Gtlee information I the author of the history of my life spent on the Cnnil Zone from the 14 of Jan 1906 Hhen arrived here o.G an e:n.::tle;rant from the leland of Barbados B '1'/ I to help cllr; the Canal, yet tho'Gh I ltas not a Barbadian, I Nas born in FrEnch Guiana l4arrni de Cayenne as French citizen taken to Barbados B W I my mothers home, and was raised, and educated until prior to my belnr, emmigrated here. I was born in French Guiana Jan 11, 1889. I landed here on the Isthmus Jan 14, 1906 and commenced e:nployment after dinner the same day several others on the top of Gold Hill, that crossed the Canal fro!ll I'arctlso on tbe East banl{ to Rio Grande on the i1est Our employment vW.Ci that of drilling holes 20 ft. deep to be loaded Hith po:1der to be blasted and tear the old hill down. With the loss of lives, 1'!e have a Water "day. During .same I ch!l.need. my location to Gatun on the Atlantic side where I ville employed on the railroad trEjoke during which tiin I e;ot struck in my ric;ht eye, and vras laid in the Colon Hosp. the \-ll1ole year 1907 still 1-11th the lose of slf;.ht in my rle::ht eye, yet I e:.ot out and obtained employment in the Cristobal Hotel and I/13.S therE" the whole year 1908 and left and returned to Catun, 2-nd lms nr;ain employed, helping complete the d1gc1nr; of tl1e Cannl for the valves to set in, before the walls itero bu1.lt, dur1nr; \/ll1.ch time I transferred to take C''-re of the .lumber yP.rd supplying the carpenters of the Loclcs wl.th lu!nber, 1hcn I \rae again sent to v/Ork on completing the ce.nent ''hed that being built to meet the nrrival of the n.rst load of ce:nent on its arrival and continued until the first load arrived when I 11as placed in charGe of the GBDG when the and the boss got in callinl3 for some protection from the S\1all0\tinp; of the cement dust, and he blamed P.1e, '".nd me, and as he \JaB the blc;e;est of the Locke, any r/here I t;ot a job, and he saw me, he had me c11'-clw.rc;e.JilC shop 1ms "'oved to Div ;there I employed :for :,;to:trs until one do.y Ho >1ere all sent to work in an oil tanl-:er 2.nd He could not tn.ke it on !l.ccount of the scent of !"BS 1'rcm tho oil, n.nd 11e llll cleclded to e;et on deck and mo.ke our c.ompla.int, nncl boys to tnlk for them, and the boss to them, if you men ;mnt, to \YOrk get back down i,n,the ..

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I I I I I I I I' .. I I I I I I LeCurrieux, J. E. -p.2 hole, but you set up in the office for your clearance, Sir. On my lw.y to the effie e, I heard u car bloHins its horn, and I Has made to un<1erst.nnc1. th8.t 2 of the very tnen Nere damaged that 11as returned b:1.cl:;: to .ork ln the )Jale of the oil tanker, I may have been one, God lmoH8. The very next morning I 11a.s employed by the i''ortific:->'clon Oi v o. t runt a Bruja, and employed by District Engnro until I vw.s c:.cal.n oent to do work that was not 1n my line oo f'::wl t .could be found for my discharge, which did happen. So Sir on my 1my home I met one of my old foremen 1h0 questioned me an.nk the Lord I !l.lso have seen the water entE"red in ths C<'.ne.l, the first ship pass throue;h and rrhen it '""s returninr to t!Je Atlnntic sj.de. I o.lso had the pleasure to work at Bru,j01. l'oint until those 4 16" guns wsre all installed o.ncl testEd i'or the rrotection of the Panama Canal.. !Fir. Editor, Gir, 'J.'hlo is my full statement of my entire 57 yeara cf exiet
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LeCurrieux, J. E. -p.3 For your Societies information, I the author of this letter bee; to state here try.at I am a French born citizen, of French Guiana on Jan 11 1889 and ,.;as taken to Barbados BWI v1hen a kid where I educated, and 11hen I was aged 17, I contract, and \"las emmicratcd to the C Z to start die;einp;, the Canal and ?om."1lenc eel e1nploymont after dinner the vary :.I landed at Paro.iso, Jan l.lJ, 1906, and several others to start drilling holes on the topof Gold Hill that extended across the Cn&.l, from I'a.r1J.ieo on the East bank, to Culebra on the \lest \There I continued until I obtained anotl;ler employment on the Atlantic side, the section of Gatun, where I 11::1.s emp+oyed on the railroad tracks until I uae made a subforeman for a fe1r years until I wqs made foreman of same eang, 1hen my foremo.n ms transferod else1vhere. During same time ;;as no need for so 1nany track foremen, so I trans fared to the lumber ye.rd, to supply lumber to the carpenters engaced in. the commencement of the building of the forme: for the culverts and sides of the lock Halle, when I was again tranefered to help in the buildine; of the cement shed \vhere the cement \Vas to be unloaded Nhen it should have arrived,._. :-.:: while I continued in same employment until same first load .. ,. came, and I placed in charge of same e;ang, and it 1ras not .a customary employment rno.ny of the poor fellows could not stand it n.nd fell on the job, and because I spoke to Super visor of the 1hole of th'.t Div he 5ot mad with me and ran me off the job,. yet I obtained employment, but any he saw me employed he !
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I .. I I I I I I L&Currieux, J. E. p.4 with my eyes individuals run over by trains and engines, killed by po\"lder blasts, killed by falling off the locka, from 1906 -1938 during my emp:).oyment, and alive and still cared for the U S Govt on the D B C R 226G Resptfly JULES E LECUERIEUX Continued In 1906 Sir, o. storehouse boss 1ma going to employ me in the storehouse after dinner e.nd on my Hay meet him I hear the train \Thistle blo1, and nul a cDm;d runninc, and when I got there, found that it H<:.s the s2.me r:entlernan I going to lms lcilled, cut in tv1o by the ensine, thats no i -I after rarda was permitted to see a dynamite explosion 11hsre several workers lost their lives at La.aascade.s }lo 2 I was again permitted to have seen an employe 1ho supplied material for me to deliver from the forebay for Gatun Locks brou[;ht baqk .. '''. on e: flat car in 2 pieces No -I was again permitted to,.:.\ see 1wrlcers. on tuo occasions fD.ll off t.he Gatun Locka while being employed on the mule tracks;" No 4 Sir, and l also am yet alive \'lith my servicea from 1906 Jan until Oct 1,1938 for the U S Govt on the P C \rith the I C C P C -Dpt Engra U S Army Corozal lost ei&'lt of r,Jy riGht eye .by being struck v1ith a atone flake by o. co v:orl"er, carrying me to be hospitalized in the Colon iloaplt8.l 1 yectr after the left eye being affected, .yet thank:God I have been privileged to be able to have seen all of tlloso occurenccs I have already mentioned above, s.nd nm-1 to be on the D R C R 2266 on just rlhat I am receivinr; after it. This is my full statement. Thic is to inform y<>u 1:1 senrchjn[ aJ.l my old wr1tl.ncs I cn.me this one \:hict I believe you l'IOUld be intorested in, r.o I posted D!'.me to you in behn.lf of the fJociety, if used I \!ill you very mnch for a copy, :.:ir. Life .nd or the ::est Indian Ile[';t'oes on tl,e Canal /:one "from 1906 :>.nd on To thoce 1l!o ::tre intcrcot
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I I '' 8 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I. LeCurrieux, J E. p.5 spent on the co.nal Zone after being landed here ns a contract laborer brought here on Jan lLi 1906 and on for the knO\ilede;e of those A.nericnns vrlw are not acq_uaintcd with same, also Pnnamaniv.ns nnd focel:_cners, as to hou the Canal became a Pan::.ma Canal c.s lt is tocky I the un<1erolr;ncd ':;:J.s L.nded [!.t the Royal !Jail dock in Aspimmll Colon to Nor): .s e.nimaln and not men, and almost ,. ,_ ... _. under strict guard to ce.mpn, and :l.n so:ne sec't ions to canvas.' .. ,. .. tents, \'ilth bunks on each r.ide ,o.round 8 long and 3 hie.h "mak'-. ins a total o:f 96 in 1 camp, then \-Te were taken to a kitchen and each of us Nere given 1 plnte, 1 cup, 1 spoon, and a meal, then those utensils. were ours -the. price to be taken our :rirst pay, then distributed to uevere.l e;angs that needed men until all 1ere clistributf.'d to that half day, and at the close of tlle \Wrl" day perlod lie were a meal ticket valued 30 eta that ticlcct entitled each one o:f us to an evenint:5 meal nncl n t ic){Et bl<'.nk for our coffee in the next mornine prev1ous to nt:1.rttn[) our next daya work, and n midday meal, also s. ticl:et v:hlch entitled. each one o:f us to a shelter for the proviollfl. ni(ht, and rnind you i:f you lost it you bet tar beat the bush that nic;ht or any other n:i.r;ht you could not-produce blanlc, or lW hunr;ry the next day, all o:f that con-. tinued unt 11 our first pt'.': day, 1hen, if none of us \laS pro-vided Hith a bl.p to rmsh our dishes ancl. ClOthes for there \;en; TIO 1'/()IDCn ;o_round those days 1 \-/6 had to do all of our \mshinp: on Suncl.C'.ys, and if 1e did not have t1-10 sets of \Wrkinc; cloth ;co, ,-,,nd the r2.in \rae fell and \le got \'let we surely h?.d t.o 1/E.'O'.l' tJJe s:>.rne .-;t clothes to \YOrk the neYt d:J.y. in my m:rc no electric li!;'hts all st.orn 1(1.ntcrnG and at. 9 P :; c-.n old piece of Hould knock th-ct mec'.nt ::o to \Jed no ro.c,mcl :>.nd at 5
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I B 8 I I I I I I I I I :;:. I I I I '0 i LeCurrieux, J. E. -p.6 those dc.ys no beer, no soda o.s now, even the v1orking men had to drink we.ter from the creeks in the mountains, but the Can<-.1 had tb be duG -In those days there 1;ere no 10 or $15.00 shoes, you had. to buy the Chinese ;Ialit Overs, Hhat they c<>.ll ruszes, a c:1.ot.h shoes 11i th rope :;olea. So just .. -..t-c.nd thinl' of tb.e life of pion00rs of this Big Ditch the :lest of the 1903 to 1908 cang. How here comes a little improvement the '.!est :):ndian He51'o iloman bege.n. to immie;rate here, than the poor old bastards found themselves wives of their -'r,o..; 'od and hagan to live like human beinss and not beasts, or slaves, they found someone to cook them a decent meal, to 1-msh their clothes, one t.o be a compani_o;t, c.nd then to find a cloon ond deccmt place to sleep, and started ,. a nel-l of \'lor.t Indio.n l'am.1.nanian8, to the best respect nnd e.bility holding all clc.o:oes of positions in the: ., Republlc. Nm here e;oes i-le have lived to see the old Dit9h :.,;_ duc;, -..1e hc.ve heo.rd of hoi; man;,' thousl.nds, 1ho lost their lives in the job, by yell0\'1 fever, malo.rio., diarhoeia, typhoid fever,on the .railroad, dyna:aite explosions, on the Locks as I have seen several fv.ll 75 ft, even 20 ft from one one time, and_: ;.-t. hundreds by dro1mine; since it mtfl dry and built. h'ho dug the <.-::, Canal? ';/ho suffered noot .._"""' .... ._+; I ,..,. ..J '? \'ThO died moat? Who but the \"lec.t Indi::m Hec;roen. But dear friends that \.'as not all, havine; o een the Canal dug, the lo.rr:se 51'and locks, _dams, :md spihw.yc all complC'te .::-.nc1 some of the r1orlds largest shipo pai3sed safely t.luou:;::h from end to end, Nas not all, there wa8 bhill o.notl:lcr t:t'C!:'.t job to be done, that Has the protect ion from \:aves by building the Colon brealc water,. and then another ;:;reai:.er protection and that vmr. from the enemy by air, lo.nd, or 8Gn, nnd that 1ro.s by the construction of all typos of Qm-s and fortres,.;es n.t both entrnnces, and aloo the paralell lim.s on either cide of the boundary line, of 111lich most uere .-!e.-.;t Indian .:.:cr,roeo Hho dl.d this 1rork, such digcine; sun pi to, builtlinc. concrct e, carry ins cable on their shoulders for mlles in the ,.,ood:j.and, U:;J hill, and down hill, to some to.-:sr other, unt.!.l their were '1"'"-\.l as mlnes '.1::-.::., hut the C:>.nn.l 1::>.s built but not corn-plots 1ithout th;;.t protection :'.IJd you nay still nak the que8_tion Hho helped to the C'.'.n[l.lo prot0cticn, the ifest lndie.n Nee;rocs o.o l:l, for I Jmo1.', even from the last Fortified on t_h., r-acif'ic to the quarry in Portobello where thone-ooll.ti hare;_ rockc in tons sizes to help build the stony cz.t.e vc.lveo. 1 the u.ndersie;ne:d 1ras in all of this r;re:nt mystery of connectins the ti;o ocea.no toe;ethEr, or 1 1'ouJ.d b<:tt<:r say enptyine: one into the other at correct ti:i:er.; nr!d thio r;w stG.te!!lent and full knowledge and experience of the hldf, of this preoent Panama.':-

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I ... :-, I i a g,_ r I t I r l I I D -r I l a I I I I I r I 1-/Gv LeCurrioux, J. E. p.7 Cannl from Jan 111, 1906 until I W'.cJ temino.ted in general in 1930 and placed on a cush relief of only $17.50 par month up to my last allotment, i'll1ich was too small to live on, paying out li:::J1t food and clothEs, at present a hundred times 1;orct, for any human b
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I I I I I I I I I I I I ] J Levi is, James A. (or S.); 17 St., House 393, Rio AbaJo, Panama, R.l'. This is my story as far as memory goes I was Emigrated from the Island of Antigua Birr. We on a Big steamboat Called The Solan l'l'e land in Chriatbal the let day of May 1906. __ -: We slept in a Big liarehouee that night or course the American -_ Government took care of ue. The next morning we got breakfast. Next we was on a Special Train and that Train was etoped at every Secion or Station from Gatune to Paraiso and a certain amount of-men v1as left at these Stations I was left at a Section called Cucarachnext to Paraiso. When we came off the Train each man-,_ was given a cot to sleep on in the camps that was provided for us. When you fell sick you have to go the Dispensary in -Paraieo and if you v1ere serious the doctor rlould Band you to '.: _-, Ancon Hospital; rtell the name Ancon rras changed many many years ago to Gorgas Hospital. -lly first and greatest expsrence was the steam shovel. The way the engineer rtorkcd that lever you should_ see that_ long arm elide out and down coming upwithe the bucket full or dirt and rocks and dumps it on the train with flat cars called Ledger Wood I was operated in Ancon Hospital in the month of June 1906 for hernia. The doctor I think call it enlarge glands he told me I could not do any hard work for 1 month so I got IJ.: switchman job from thence to a breakman, and then to a fireman in the transportation Division Paraiso. There vras drilling gangs and powder gangs The drilling gangs drill the-holes in the earth 1;ith dialJlon or tipod drills. The powder gangs come and fill the holes 1'lith dynamite and ram it and some time the hole gets hot and explodes I 1ras a break;nan ll11n this happened on the bacl{ of Pedro Higuel \is 1as settine; a load of dirt at the steam shovel and o. poHder e;ang on the other side filling the holes v1ith dinamite and ro:ning it 1>iell 11e GOt our train load of .dirt and lort the st61lm shovel in 15 minuits there l-Tas an explosion and that pov:der c;o.ng rras blmm up On the track lines you could see of mans body Its an awful site to see. I 1-1ae 1orking on the Locks as Carpenter in Gatun. The great big iron ga-tes that 1-:ae build in the Locke was done by ;. .. I 1rs

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r I I I I I I I I II II I ,I 'I I I I I II I !If I Lewis, J. A. -p.2 contractors named of HoClEntic Marshal; accidents wsre number-less The walls of the Loclcs is 75 feet from top to bottom The dirt and rocks that was tuken out of the Canal some ot it dumped in Balboa. and some of it in l.aboca so a part ot La. Booa and a part of Balboa is dump land Fort Amado:r; is dump land A p:J.rt of the sea 11ae dumped up and becomes a. regular roo.d. Trucks ciars train everything travels on that road to the fort. I vwrlted in Fort Amador in the year 1937 carpenter. .. ... '' :. I i .I I

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I I I I I I .......... .... Lucas, Rufus C.; Apart ado Fanama, R.P. I, the undersigned, born in Jamaica, June 25th, 1888, left Kingston, Jamaica on the "s ,S. CLYDE", April 3rd, 1913, bound for Colon to work for the Panama Canal, :1-iy first job with the Iatmian Canal Commission, as it ;rae called at that time was with the Storehouse Department at Empire the same month of my arrival, I started to work at the rate of an hour moving supplies around in wheelbarrolts. I did this job for a short period, It will be difficult to correct dates, months, year etc. but these will be to the best of my knor1ledge and memory. Recorda will prove moat of the following statements to be. correct. In 1913 before water r/aa put in the Canal, I was living in Empire and. on August 15th, 1914, 49 years ago today ---the : .: ;. '.'" Canal was opened for Commerce. It was then or before that the liquor stores were ordered closed and liquor was prohibited on the Canal Zone. In 1914, I picked up a job with the Floating Gang as a carpenter and 1ent off to Portobello, We got there one midnight 11here the mosquitoes by the millions were waiting for us. There
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I I I I I I I I I I ,, Lucas, R. o. -p.2 That is '\'/here I learned to sHim. I Harked for a short period of time r.md then 50t a job at the I3::>.lboa Com:nissary as deli very man for approxim3.tely four yen.rs. I c;ot along nicely rTith my immediate boss who 110.s a cork-lee; man by the name of Nr. Wise. The manager at that time v1as Mr. Cornwall and Mr. Pearson respectively. It 1/as there in 1920 Hhen the empl
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I il I I .I I R C. p.3 .' Since 1913 Ufl to tiHl time that I have been retired, these are some of the check numbers that were assigned to me: 136502 32854 61487 and last but not least 32273. Yours very truly, RUFUS C. LUCAS .... .. ; .. ,, .. : .. .. {.<.; -: ............ .. i .. I I 'l I J '.i I I .;: I ; 1 _, _: i I I -) i i -----'-;:-_ ---:------------------------------'

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I I I I I I I Lunche1 Ange Julienne; Corrao Pueblo Nuevo! Panama R.P. Native of Martinique, Arrived in Pane.me. on the 12 day of December 1906 under a contract be.eie aboard a British Ship named So Long. My first job on the Ietmus was 11i th the Panama Railroad wrking on the track lines my salary was lOji per hour working for a foreman by the name of Mr. Charles. In the year. 1908 got a transfered to the JXHider gang ae an helper, this job paid 17ji per hour at Culebra thru Gamboa, our Job was to clear the \tay so that the water could past and the dredge could clean.out,. the path. One day while cleaning up after an explosion blast our foreman Mr. O'Connor was helping and a loose rock fell from above and broke hie arm. Another day while working Culebra we were called to go to IUrafloree to help because there was an accident, upon arrival there noticed that many co-workers had lost there lives, I can remember it was on a Saturday, upon trying to find out how did 1t occured I 1-1as told by another. empioyee that the dynamite was laid all connection made and the electrician had pressed the battry lever ltithout noticing that the linea were connected, AnothEr day there was an accident some men fell off .a scafold as it appeared was not built llright or strong enouS}l and it broke away. Our 11 ving condition 11ae good enough for we were living in a camp at Empire there 1ae a commisoary provided for us. That ia all I can remember been its so long ago. I remain Yours Truly j

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>:. I I I McDonald, Philip; Colon Post Cffice, Colon, R.P. I I I I I I Leavins my Island home Grenada B\11 St. Georges on the 18th of May 1908 for Trinidad B;'/I, buying a ticket from Martin Deane & Co for $1.00 deposition 5 pounds. Embarking on the s.s. Crorn of Navarre ship at about 5 P.!'!.. on same date, Reaching_ Trinidad next morning of the 19th landed about mid day. Staying in Trinidad until the 27th Hay-08, buying a ticket for I:. 2, 4a, 6d depositing l)l5.00 for the Isthmus of Panama, No,l'a.aeport where giving at that time; ,. The s.s. Magdalene, Co. came from.Bo.rbadoee whiohwas .. Headquarters then to Trinide.d with a few hundreds of Imigranta, It was the let time in my life I ever sa\1 such a crowd of Barbadiane together. The Boat sail that night calling at two ... ports, Laguira & savinalla reaching Colon Rep June Receiving my $15.00 deposit at Pier 3 Colon, some how I passed thepurser or Costom officer and he did not asked me for my ticket which I of given to him on disembarking --and I am now holding the portion up to now nearly 56 years ago. I. have it as a passport to shew my legality of coming to this .. country legally. I have used it for myself to obtain a cedular from the Panamian Goverment. After landine; I thc;re were quite a few stowaway they had them lined up by the pier and after checking they turn them over to the l'lhilst \T1:mdering 1hore to go I met a man who came from my Island who was kind enough to.take us around to a Boarding house vThich \rae not far from the pier, just bet,>een l-ias on Blanche lrhere there is an open lot no1-1. Then he took us to Coolie TO\'ln for supper, the place \IB.S very swampy and dirty, Alligators and all kindo of muck you have to '.>'alk on board plank. Only t\'10 etreeto then in Colon Front str & Bottley Alley. Anr, -way ,.,e came bacl: and \'lent to bed \Te had terrible time with 'bed bugs." Leavi:ng Colon June 2nd for the lines I met a friend of mine on the train from San In.blo he acked us where we were going we told him LD.scaecadcs; he then advise us not go to cascadas as booked for our friends were going to only work.e,t., ,.

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I I I ''. McDonald, Philip -p.2 cascadas but thsy reside at Bas ublspo. \ie took hie advise and landed at Bas Obispo. Next day ent for our bae;gage. We had a very warm reception from our schoolmates arid friends; Next morning my friend took me with him to Lascascadas Cut to learn: how to chedk a steam shovel that 11as dl5elng the dirt, the and Racyrus team shovel 11ho did the digging or the Big Ditch. At that:time Rain .Thunder and lightning was about as the lightning flashed it caught a galvinized sheet iron afire riped 1t off the small shanty and struck the Foreman of a Eupropian Spaniard ri5ht above his chin under his mouth, the shock went through his body Blood came out from his risk he was killed lnstantily; the other men got a stretcher and take ;z;:::;' him to the dispensary. They said he the foreman was cursing : c': ,, and a wrd they call "meca condios." I 1as so afraid I left and went back to Baa Obispo. I wont go back to' the Cut; that was rrry let sad Experience. The night of June 8th I made .; .. up my mind to go northward to Gor-gone., I awoke the morning 9th':-::;;;'' 08, left about 6 AM to walk the RR track for there was no road.:. .. But the LC.C. had notices posted along the RR track advising pede strains when 1alll:\:ng the track line on seeing a train coming towards you, you .;:ust not jump from one track to the other, it is safer to keep to the bank for the train noise in front of you will prevent you from hearing the noiaeof the other train coming back of you, for many have been killed that way already On reaching Gorgone. cz whilst crossing the RR track I met a friend of mine I knew from my home by the name of Jimmy Alexander. I bacon to him and shook hands he asked me where I am going, I said I am lookirig for a job, .he said ccime with me he is going be be promoted to the i.Jess kitchen C-L-#15 at Cabello Viejo as ste1;ard and he '1111 recomend me to his job; I said 0 .K. his job a messinger at the Quartermaster' a Cffice a LQ &: S, labor Quarters &: Subsistance. He did so and I got the job starting ri[e-llt away. Daid Jimmy is now ork1ng at Chrilloe Branch r:.ep of Panama, "Fuerza y Luz." I began to 1;ork as a messen[er at per month at 10 per hour, 10 hours a day, &: that is where I earned my first dollars. Mr. T. A. Fuller the time keeper took me around and shew me 1hat my duties are and gave me a type "vTriter so that I can have envelopes addresed to the dif-ferent Quarter Masters on the lines when needed. i ', II I :-\ -----

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I I I I I I I McDonald, Philip -: p.3 C-orgona a section very flat wlth the Cha(9."'es river rwming; their is one little hill mid\-my, v;here the are located A rum distillery in the of the river Horth East, belongs to one Antonio a Spaniard And the Gorgona Shope South of Gorgona near Jamaica Town a colored section. first night I slept at Lower Cabello Viejo a Camp. I had a terrible night with mosquitoes and the Bunk, I did not like it, I went to the Q M and he allow me to go to House /189 on top the hill south west of Gorgone. Shop Hhich was built for Colored Americana, He agreed and told the timekeeper to have me assigned to eamewh1oh he did; The Colored ArnGricans vlhere sorne1hat friendly for. the knew how to cook and bake their own bread, and on nights every man goes to the 1-/ash house to wash your own clothes or.' <. give it to a Chinaman for 'ilomen where scares as hen's teeth; Weatherhead rlas room mate. I began to eat my meals at the Mess ki tohen No 01#15 belongs to the I .c .c. in upper Cabello Viejo by meal tickets. The food v1as som91;hat poor, it was a real: .::.problem for a ste1mrd to cook for so many men, the garbanzos beans was like bullets, some times red kidney beans & rice was t cooked, any 1ay 1ve had to fie;ht and eat 1hat we can until we could do better. The 1;ater was bad, when you take a drink it was like a banana stain in your mouth, raokish and heavy, you will have to look out for the Hater \'/aeon when it passes to get a bucket of eterliz.ed water for drinking purposes but you must have ice with it. Mr. spright P C. liaeter they used to have a very big business every Sunday morning nfter pay day, i.e. in issuing money orders to the ':lest Indi ee because every man is working Monday to Saturdays no time to go to the Poet. Quarter Haster-utility 5ang vlho take care of the Cold Stor age care coming from Cristobal daily, have to cut the block or ice in different sizes, & 100 lbs for distribution to houses and ganga etc. ileat and vegetalbles to Hotel and Com missary the foreman has r-.bout 25 to 30 men and a mule team to hawl the goods a\'/ay. All the men in that (Eang weare shoes except the foreman a good looking man by the name of Boyce, he walk into the Ice.Car as comfortable as the men; no shoes My l
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il I II I I I I I I McDonald, Philip -p.4 then I am off for night by the.narne have seen men who sitting senseless down by train -. .. the day, for there is a watchman working at of Gea.cock. After working for a few months I 50t injured eomeNhere coming on hand pump oars -sometimes both legs are out off, mules out also. But it happened on 9th or lOth 1908. After taking my out soing mails to the -post office whilst there 'AM blew then I n9w I vras off for lunch -I left going East to cross !the I .. i I I I .. RR tracks, for QJ:-i office is parralell with the P.o., end to end facing North, in pa\3eine; aid Q.ll office, I heard the telephone ringing I could continue m;yt \vay for I was off duty; But I ouri-.. .. ously-rent in and took up the reciver and said Hello? -Somaone said Bas Obispo dispensary is speaking Yea what is H He asked do you know where the Dr. lives, I said yes will. you go and tell him Baa Obispo dispensary wanils him to get all hie Nurses &: ... ; ........ 1 Orderlies he has and take them to Hr. A K Stone Yard Master Office, he will put them on a flat car for Bas Obispo for there is a Bis Explosion there, many are killed and are dying, I said OK, I forGet my lunch no\i; I went up the little incline llhlch was called !!illsbrror to the Dr. j..1cPheraon House he. was sitting on a big arm oak chair, I gave hi'm tlia-messagealnioat in one breath he never hesitated he got up from the chair and said Who ope went into the lri tchen and I heard him say emergency -I guess he spoke to his wife rho ms making up his lunch -I was on my way back, I look back I could see him going across the street for the Dispensary vras across from his house. I then went the Post Office 1-1hera l-ir. R C nhady &: S D Roper leaves I gave them the messae;e and they both got up and went too. I happen to Jmou the Dr. na.me being a messenger I was somewhat acquainted \-lith the names of houses for I had to go and post notices on many of them 1vhen they do break sanitary rules or regulations Aftervrards I late for lunch. I have never made any officia.l declaration to anY. one except causaul explana,;, tion in talkinG to people. In those days the US men who work. near the Hotel dont go and eat at 11 A/1 they goes and rest first and when 80ing back to vtork they go and eat then to work That 1-raa and is still the big(3est explosion ever took place on the: l Isthmus 11r. Shady told me the EXplosion took big huncks of dirt and t:tack line from one oide to the other side. They are now w1den1ng 1t now 300 ft to 500. ft opposite Gamboa stockade its called Hot Obispo 1t cau[_Eht the men on the trail up hill going:> ... -. ..... [L l-..JAI!......,;_,_;__ _____ -

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I I I I I I I I I I McDonald, Philip -p.5 to their mess kitchen for lunch. Its said the blast 1;as overloaded anda primutur-G explosion. You can see bite of fingers hand foot, head scatter all over the place. In order to give the U.S. employees a little bit of cheer so that they can put up'thie gi5antic task of building the Panama Canal the ICC authorities inagurated a band called the ICC Band Built band stand for the purpose and have the Brllld play hot. cheering pieces of music on Sunday evenings they will playthese moat hottest, American namely, Every Body's doing it Now, and, rihen I talk I ahmys talk 111ith Billy -if I oould write music I would of written the notes and for I till remember ,.. them. im.rnediate Bose Jl.lr. 6 D Fcoper vme a member of the.Band he used to play the trambone solo and l
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a a .... a I B I I r I I I McDonald, ?hil1p -p.6 back to Empire in a feli days for a job. "I learn to write fast in the comsy." of Empire. On the morning of 9th July I went of R.R Station to take the train to Empire in search of a job; On reaching the depot I met a time inspector by the name of U.S c Fuielle he is French but became an American citizen, and was a catholic by seeing me in Church on Sundays he be.came attached to me, not seeing me on the job at the Q.H. he asked me whate wrong. I told I am not ,.,or king there any more, He also asked me where. I am going, I told him I am e;oing to Empire in search of a job, He then told me when I e:ot of Empire depot I must look for him, he will rscomend me to a man who wants a salesman. I said O.K.. r _, True to his rd after landing I saw him \ialked to a build ing Rnd came through the back and Becon to me. I 'Went in to him. He introduced me to a gentleman by the name of H I' Stev.ena:,in :< .. <,.-. Englishman, 1-1ho said to me can you write I said yes,. he then gave me a piece of paper to sign my na1r.e. He then shewed me a place to put my hat etc, I mJ.ited in front of a grocery counter, a Colored man came to me und asked C!le if Doss put v1ork I aaid yea, then he shevfed me n Barrell of-suEar to stowered in the Bin. I began to put them any how, then said that is not the way if you put them th
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McDonald, Phil1p -p.7 years in that line in my home before I came to this country. I ..,.,orkod in the Silver Grocery from July 9th 09 to Harch 1910 when Corozal Corney \'laS to be opened they took the most experience salesman to be sent there; they took Charles Alveraz from British Guiana was in charge of the Gold Grocery & the Manae gsr asked for his best helper and.Ritchie recomended me, so I promoted to take charge of Gold Grocery although their was a va,st amount of Yairaitiea than the Silver Grocery. I bad to figure or sueas how much bread you will need for trade For there was a big trade at evenings for both Gold & Silver pastry and special orders for Birthday cake must be placed at least 3 days in advance so is Ice Cream; and give same to the Clerk and'he will telephone to Cristobal daily. l4y hardest prob:}.em was to figure enough bread to take care of the costomers, because Empire Corney >las the 3rd biggest on the linea, especially when McClintic Marshall & Oo was building Gatun Lock Gates there was a special .labor train coming in. Oh boy you better have goode-::.:::: to sell, onions 21tji potatoes,. dabbage cod,f1ah 7F lb, sugar 17 .. 5 lb bag, bread French loaves and pan loves 5li -everything cheap. We had to work; also taking counter orders for delivery the next day. \'Then closed the doors at 7 we have to dispatch every coatomer in there sometimes to 9 PM. The route for delivery to house are designated as Big Camacho Small Camacho, Big Empire & Small Empire After vlorking for yec:.ra in Grocery Section I was asked by the manager llr. J H Johnson to take a change to see if I can correct the condirnonation in Cold Storage Section it was too big. I and 1t did not take me any long time to find out the trouble, I found out some one afraid of the coldness of the Vegetable Room. \fuen the Fresh Vegetalbes comes they simple thro1 it above the old ones in there; so when the salesman Preston Baily vmnts any veg he simple f5I'S.b the 1st bag he come in contact leaving the old ones there. I had to take aikl the yegetamlhes out and malce a clean sweep then I called the Manager and shewd him the trouble, he had to eive him a clearance. Now I had a terrible time to sell those spoiled vegetables. Mr. Johnson had to ask the Hotel ste1mrd if he will buy these veget ables at e. reduced price he a.e;ree for soup making and salads, thats he \iay I got out of the.t mess. All that \ork and oarefullness I was only rnakin5 00 per .month. -------------------j ..___....._ ________ --

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.,_ ,. u I n I I I .' I I ,......... : I' 1: l ... .. n... g:. ... I I ... d I NcDonald, Philip -p.8 After a fell months I things fOing prGtty e;ood then 1-lr. J H Johnson resign on account of sickness and R C Teague carne e.cting he shot-lived c.nd D. vi. stepens from Gatun came and took charge He and I could not get along he gave a clearance for insurbodination; I took the olearn.nce to Mr. D W llcOormick who 1ae travelling Inspector and he took me to Ancon Commissary 1914; It was just finish built by the Building Division under the supervision of Hr, J. S Christ who married to. one of Mrs r4orrison daughter of Gore;ona. Mr. Hess was the l-!ana13er a soft speaking man He did not stay long he resign; then came R. c. Teague he and I could not set along. He fired me giv1ng.a bad clearance. I took it to liajor Grove 1-rho was Chief Quarter Naster for red.rees after taking my clearance from me he read it. The HaJor called Hr. TeaL,'l.le by telephone rouse1ng him up telling him to chane;e that clearance. I took the clearance from the at Balboa Hoit;hts walked to Ancon Commy their I got a new and good clearance so I can look for another Job. I called Mr.. Alpha Robinson l'lho was at Gatun Comssy who told me to go to !-!r. H. Smith at Pedro HiGuel Corney and.he will put me to 1-10rk, which I did and got to vTork at P.i-1. Corney. \'lhilst there a Manager who kne me at Empire comsy saw me and want me to 1wrk for him at Corney. He made a request to General Manager at. Cristobal and aslr for my transfer. Nr. Ben Jacobson answered saying if my transfer I-T ill not hamper Mr. Smith Comsy he can allol'l me to go. So 1 got transfer to Gamboa Corney Mhich was 2 smmll box cars coupled toGether Just south of the present station no11 for RR sto.tion at that time '1-Tas on the bank of the Canal. Hie 1as Vi tal I sorry I went I reached ther I thou8ht it was like P. we had no storeman we had to do the loadins e.nd unloa.din.:s of box cars do our cleaning and take care of sellinc to the costomers one accontant, C Bowen rlcLean & HcD We asked for a storeman or an increase nothing doing and the 1-1orst of 1t 1-!r Vital e;ot to some other Oomsy I [Ot stuck 1e had to take inventory 3 times per month lOth 20th, 30th of the month after business hours, and take the sheets to our homes do the and calculate them so as to turn them to the a.ccountc.nt as early as possible No overtime beint; paid No incree.se comin3 I did not like it I resign. I e;ot a job at G<'-mboa Sit;nal station lasted one month Laid of iri preference to a retired u.s. salior. 'tlhilst l?.t Gamboa Corney their 1ms a contract given to 1/alker and Torbot to make the concrete blocks for the Cristobal brake 1-1ater for the harbor, and the day they made 100 of them they had a big feast1 -----------------------

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' 'I I I :I, ----l McDonald, Philip -p.9 /1 the orane and mixture 1-1as back by the hill midway We the liners of Culebra, Empire, Lascadae & Bas Obispo .[ made a petition to Col G Goethals to allow us to live 1n those sections, He said 1n hie ansuer that the Panamian Goverment is against; I am now retired since Nay 1954 I ani vex yet for .c. 1 allowing me to continue in the job I had at that time, at the Cristobe.l pier gate as a watch man I could of put 1n 15 more ... ,, years there and get Civil Service l'HILL? NCDONALD D.R. 7256 :.-:_, ,. '--:. ; .. .. Thanking you, I could write plenty more but I am getting ;.:; I am now entring my 75th birthday 12/19/63. St. John's parish Island of Gren!lda B.ii.I. : r .. ,. 79 ______________________________ ... _...,_ .. __ #.,.,._ --

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' II I I, I 1{0 Luther; Third of November St., House 234, Room 9, Panama, R.P. lly name is Luther Hc:t:nnis; I started to-:work in Panama in 1904, with 1:he f:umigating Gang. The first Governor waa Hr. Magoon, and I worked Vlith his gang from to 1906. On oon-: c lus ion of this \IOrk I acquired employment of the same year, 1906, at Baaobispe, employed by the l'>'ater Company as a fireman attending the boiler v1hich supplied the water for the first marines that carne to the Isthmus. The foreman at that time was Oromtore I worked until year 1909. The same year, 1909, I was employed as a brakeman 1n Baa Obispo after qu1tt1ng 'the. .-\'later Company. The Yardmaster vma Hr. Barnett. ___ ._. I was transferred from Bas ObispO to Pedro i>liguel in the-:\:same pesition, as brakeman on dirt train, holdine; this pesition until 1915. After I \Tas transfered as a switch tender, in East La Boca, until 1916. The same year, 1916, I \las employed on the Docks Pier 18, after being laid off as tender. Leaving the Dock employment I v1as in Panama as a cook. After work ing for some time in Fanama,. I returned to The Panama Canal as a Cook in The La Boca. Restaurant, from I transferred to the Pacific Clubhouse, as a Cook, frpm 1937 to 1950, when I. received my retirement. signature typed : ..... .. .. p ,, ____________ ; L.-....J.IIL...________ --

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I I 'il z. H.; 7,_ "trec' -:J ... 5pr.n1flh To1m P.O., Jamaica, ReadinG my d:cily nn/9 :.nper the Gleo.ncr Jamaica where the Isthmain Jliotoric:?'.l !Jocl.ety o.nounces a cornpetition for the best true Stories of life and 1-rork on the Isthmus of Panoma. In year. 1906. I leave Jru1aico. my m.tive Isln.nd for Po.nruna arrived at Colon on one of those E:nr:;lish I'ar:.nene;er !Jte;:>.mer that ply between Jamaica & Colon. e.bout 4!3 hrs nm reo.clle.ndcd l.n the City of 1'8.11::1.ma You can Jude;e the Conditions in h>JJ::>.ma City In those days. I 1/US tekeri to a Hotel on Central Ave. Hun by o. J::.:n::tican old timer. he treated us Kindly & Hospitable. for a fcr days. r.ett:l.ne short of cash I then Insist in o. Job. the follo;vin[5 day I to the AmE-rican Hoopit8.l An con on ttl e JHJ.l. fortunately I t;ot a Job from the Chief Jlurse. to fro:1 6 oc. P,?':, To 6 A.M. It was : a touGh Shift but I it. free meals & free Bed. Within .. o. ferr mounths I leo.ve the ilosplt".l for a better Job. more money, In the Can(l.l Eneenerinc; Dep D::\lbon. One mounth later I 1as Trc.nsfered to Culebra C.z. as a r-oreman In the Lurnber yard Dep, There I spent many mounths, cowUtion did not Guitable to me So I Transfered to the 'rime L('opinr.' Dcp=tnent Empire C.z. There I 1TOrked untill the C::tnnl be came ''-thorur;h 1/D.ter Hay. Hy experience I gathered from the Ct,,nnl I cannot express. my brain get tinG old & weak hence 1 all that I Saw. History from the Co.nal 1rill tell you of the Explosion 1-1e had in Bas obispo C.z. I'rop:>.r.:o.tion m"cle to :3hcot do1m a hi('h Hill In the Centre of the 11::\t"'r 1'f nwne I to ana. the report cc.llin(' for hGlp. I r8.n to the Spot .1: Nhat happened oh it 1as [), dc.y of" Sorro\'1 for tJ-c livinr;. After a rouh it be c:.tme th( C:1.nal Constructicn ccJDe to cloned. Hy life has be(;n Sp.c'l.red to Sec the <'rd the end of this e;reat 1-1ater 1'/EJ.y. The Completion of th.tr,_. 1my Dr011(>:ht c:rev.t Desolation on the :-/.I. BnplCJye<:>s. o:r 1JS 1:ore Tr:o.nsfGred to other Pl".ces. others Here :;en; .. ;:.v:H' tc ft Empt:;' to liveci or cJie, of 1fnich >nany died from a '" e:J.k hGn.rt. fro;n the of the uatcr 11ay I 1ere Sent back to the J;c:>.lth at Coroz::>.l C.z. rhere I 1orkd many yecus san !Jtore. Y.<:Gj
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I I I g I I I I I Mark, John Thomas; Box Colon, R.P. I the undersign, arrived in Panama July 29th1907, on the s.s. La.plata, R '-l. at 8 a.m. morning, I was taken to the then Section G:orgona, arriving there by train about 10130 a.m. Tuesday 30th -I started to in' the lumber yaPd from thence to theHachine Shop, asb1ackarnith Helper, Then to Bas Obispo Shop in Dec of same year -at Gatun Commissary, as a utility man opening of the .t-lindi Sec of the Canal, I work in the drilling gang, Blacksmith Shop, Car-repairs Dept., other Points of service, according to your ability, fireman on the Derrick that unload the-rook from Porto Bello for the erection of the present locka (Gatun) Transferee to Ht. Hope as fire;nan on the derrick. Crane which dug the foundation for the present water work, (Plants) next on a pile driver, same place, as a driver. next to Ga tun as Electrical Helper, until the opening of the locks e.s}<,' -,. Telephone operator in the Control House Interesti.ng Experience & People I note v1ith care how the Old Employees was served with their supplies from the Corrisy, Truck was driven by l)ules, from the various corrals Some one e;nployed to prepare wood & coal for the kitchen, Electric lie;ht was scarce, street lamps on poles & hand lantern had tms to be used, I experience how the water was pumped out of the i>!1nd1 Canal, over .flowed by the Chagres Elver 1908-or-1909two hydrolic pumps was set up on the side of the channel & thro the \'later out before further excavation could go on, the making of the from the foundation, metal form \'las put in place for the culvert in the Center wall, also 1'/0oden forms for the bottom of the locks, stony gate valves, float 1-1e11' s etc, r.unning of cables from the various transformer room, chain fenders, up the Control House which now can be seen, Buildine; of the miter eate by 1-icClintio & :'iarshall lot of neath meantime by falline. off scaffolds, etc. 75 ft. belews also the ereat tower with take the concrete in bucks to be dovm from the bottom of the look until its completion, men 11as also employed to go around to each gang in ths dig(;ing of the Canal with quinine 2 gal bottle each for the men to keep away fever -one was white & the other -which we drank cheerfully tllEir 1:as no time to your meal ticket ltas your logging check for you to sleep in the Campa, or you be taken to the Jude;e the next morning to find out why you dent .. -. ---__ ___J

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Mark, J, T. -p.2 work -The People to vi hom we have to deal 11i th was of ganial disposition, all American at that time, working condition was good no time to idle, whether it be storm or other11ise, 1e went throue;h bravely, living condi tiona vias fair Very little to complain about 1e did everything 111th satisfation to our selves & our superior officers; I 11as never to see a native of this country workin(S on the Canal I also experience the removing of the former rail road to its present location. Same was remove from the direction of the north approch wall west aide, their ;me a town of colored people residing their, oo called Jamaica TNm, the cemetery was duged '. up & the remains caried a.way_.'to be dump for building other,site ... of the Canal, the mo.in road fer the train was through the pos1tion of the gatun lake, use tc be called Black swamp, lots of ,, marshes mter & bird inhabit, until to go further to the other small settlement v1here people live, in the direction of San;;,::.-':: ., .. Pablo, their vms a large iron bridge to cross, with said R .R. ';,: on the side of the spillway ims a BUl'.11 village, people lived, & a Catholic church bell ring from outside in the yard. This was demolish, piles ;;us driven to keep back a small riv&r between their & Jamaica To,m. Thio comolete w1th the excavation dug out of the ve.rious section of the Canal, drawn by several Ensines (Locomotive) only one trip could be made per day over the R.R. In preparint: the new F: .Fi. piles had was to be driven hill remove, by steam shovels use of dynomite-to blase down the hill lots of life lost in the meantime. I also experience hov electricity v1as formed on the locl:s by Testing Ene;ineers, & \fnitehead Stillwell & myself '''ae their helper, this was done by filling a barrel of vlater, & tf,e resistant was place in it, in the Transformer room Gatun, also the handling of the s11itchboard in the Control house, putting throul5h the tugboat Gatun, as the first telephcne operation It is not for the Fr ize co much, but a reccgni t ion from a 1ho is able to reflect on the Past I have to e;ive God thanks to spare my life, kno1rine; that thousands has past on throue;h ace ident a ot11erw1s e, I hol.Ve to thank the giver & the one v1ho 5ave u.s. Government, with lasting gratitude Yrs. JOHN THC!A.AS MARK DR 1335 ... ..... .. -. ; .. -------------

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I I I l-iar shall, Joshua; 27 Street Chon illo )8-218; Estafeta. del Chorrillo, Entre z.a Gcne.rc.l, fa nama H. I'. I arri vcd in I':cml;r.o. on f';cpteJber 3rd 1909 was on foad buildins and other kind of important 1orlr 1"/il.s in the :iechanical Division. in the .Boiler Shop for 7 year a c.nd for 33 years Shop. Living and wor%ine condition is favorable. Hy first work 1-1ork. Host I :tlso v10rk ln the Foremans: Nunna, Y,elley, \i. Harrison, J .Phillips, E. J. Cason, Junker. J(J3HUfl 111\.RSHALL ...... .. .. :"' .. ,--------------------------... ------

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Martineau, E. W.; Box 5571, Fano.:na City, R .P. a Hy Fat!1er before me \-11?.9 e. of/t;ent1e character, very kind in hie and action; he 1ould even give up his rights for PE!ace sake, he was too soft in hie. day to accur.mlate wealth, therefore he died poor. Hy flother ,,as just the opposite, she was loving and kind to her home circle, but she was very stern in business, and upriGht with individuals. She rrould go to any extent to obtain her right, if she thou13ht she 1ras right. From these two pecular combination I was born in the Island of Grenada, \last Indies, eighty-two (S2) yEars ago. I came to the Republic of Pane.ma May 1912, not in search of 1-1ork,. but to find a better field of endeavour} I brought along rith me an aira.ted equipment which is co=only called soda factory. After I paid the duty for so.'me, I appl1ed for permission to operata 1n the canal Zone, and authority obtained, I 1raa established at .... _: ... H1e;h Street, Gatun. After my business e;o.t soins, I began making many queries about North Amer icc... making an expensive enterprize in this Republic. First I 1ro.s told that t110 French Companies, respectively with Administration Building in .Fa.nama City, which is now occupied as 13eneral Post Office for that Government, made efforts to build a Canal and failed. I further understood negotiation began th tho American Gover=ent ,and settlement was made that Government for the sum of forty million dollars (r,4o,ooo,ooo) covering all th<::ir rie:hts on the IstJ:unus. Some time after, noc;otiation bet:;an with the governments of Fanama, and the U.G.S. relative to full status ofthe latter in the C2.nal o.uesU.on. So far it wns understood, flvo milec on both sides were gra.nted for a lens lease to tl1c /'.IJerican ('.-overnmont 1dth an annual payment of' four l1unchcd R.nc fifty thousand dollars 1hlch the l.:nsric:::n named this enterprize 'The lt then sent its agents to Central eml South j_nc luding the Indies, to select able-bodied men on a contract basis, r,t ten cents per hour, for l01r-grade lp,bQre:!'s; when their services 1ere no longer required, they were to be sent back to their native lands free of cost to theme elves. This enterprize was conducted by the first Governor of the ------------' i' '' : : i I .. -_____________ ......;

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Martineau, E. 1'1. -p.2 C12n.al Zone, G. \!. G{)ethnls, 1ho Hac also the sup<:rviser of the canal digsine;. In the \Jest Indies, the contract wc.o preceding olowly, then there became a slump for two reasons. (1) It :rumored that siclmess and death v1ere raging in ranama. (2) Laborers were required for Porto-a-Viego, Brazil, beyond the Amazon river. .. Thie government promised to assist the Republic of Bolivia to c. furnish a rail road to their borders to convey the latter prof. ducts through the Amazon to the i'iestern hemisphare. A diseasa called Bery-Bery \tas discovered in Brazil, and l'las more danger-. ous than any kind of feavcr,. it was then decided by. thousands .-. that Panama was a better pllice to be, eo people began to follow to.the Isthmus. At tri.ia time the Canal Commission withdrew. ita agents,_,aa_-,.:" .. .c :. it v1aa no longer neces.sary to use them 1n the \'lest Indies. Every one who was contracted had to be in the canal Zone, where there were accomodation provided for them. However_it was discovered after the people were corning in such groat numbers, the comQisaion had to invite capitalist to-build houses in all sec-tions of the Zone, including comercial business for rent, also professional men and were allov(iid to practice their pro-fession in order to rele:ave pressure on the government agencies .. in this interpri z.e. During spare time I visHE:i
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I I I I I 'l j \} r rtr Hartineau, g. ':1. -p.3 from Zone to ter;ninals, this bl'our::ht a problem to the Zone government, which then had to furnish labor-tr:::.in to convey the Horkers to and from vmrk da.l.ly. This method continued until long after construction days. 1 Ho1ever, I continued my spare time visits to the construc-tion areas, I then noticed, that because of the English language spoken by \'lest Indians, there were no problem in receiving orders from the American bosses. Such was the case from office .... r-; l clerks to scavengers. \\'henever 1vere called upon to i: rial{ their lives to clilnb a boom or pole or other .dangerous ;_11 objects, there were always r.1ore volunteers than v1ere required to. ., do the job. It was to ,my grief and sorrow to hear of a godd neighbor o! .... mine receive his death one early morning, while awaiting his <::.:.: turn to descend into the pit lvhEre he 1-1as 'riOrking at the time. At the sound of the vlhistle at 7:00 a.m. a service crain svrung 1 to boom into pos1 tion just Hhere he \'las standing and knocked him 1rtto the pit. tt rw.e a mournful morning at Gatun. Among bundreds of deaths that occured during construction days, this, and another that occured at :Hraflores most sriev1ous to me because they vrer e my ne ie;llb:)rS. One bright sunny morning I paid a visit to the :[:)lty Culebra cut. I saw the vrork men cautiously creeping up the ridges 1v1th their drills as soldiers going up hill in 1n battle e.rrai. great dexter-1 ty they pressed for>mrd in and drilling, \ihile others 1th Hater hose \vashine; do,-;n the soft earth to maJre way for the gallant men who >H;re stonnL1;:; the rocl{fl 1-11th gallantry. In the early
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:.. I I I -----... E. W. -p.4 were t"rue the others 1e1e lias by dishonourable policemen. He looked at me vlith displeasure, I coazed at him in a similar man ner; I feared no consequences becaune I was fed up with their discrimination policy. I also believed the reason why the greater portion of the people on the hated the Americana so much ms because of the policy of those departments; ho1ever, over a. decade ago. this polioy has been greatly chane:ed to. a better standard of human dignity., I challenge any anyv1here, at any time, to prove that my statements in theoe instances are untrue. I served the Locks Division, :-liraflores Branch, from 1930 to 1948, carrying worklilen to and fro::n v10rk during that. period, even in vmr days when the shift 1ms on hlenty-four-hour basis ..... I served on all shift. On January 25th, 1936, I was injured on the locks by a. blom-out tire, that rendered me unconscious,, A soldier liberty truck conveyed me to Gorgas Hospital, where !,-.. ... _.-. regained consciousness. I '.'laB attended by Drs. Albright-and<:. r-!ajor Hann. These statements can be verified by the Locke Officials Mr. Stat'.-lell, !-lyrick 1-i:q:sgs and others Hho knew me personally. Inl913 the then governor, Chester Harding appointed a Land COimaisuion, agent to check the col!l!lliasion houses with the viev: of paying the o..rnera and have them remove from the Canal Zone, free transportation l'lere ,:rovided to either terminal Cities. The year depor:ule.tion began in full force, aleo surplus laborers began to be 1hile the free labor trains.were still running to and from both'terminal cities. Canal Zone Cub-police station \ms once eatablished at So.vo.na, !'o.!'la:na. The two-story structure is still there, just a little ahead of tho fire station in that area, THo-inch 1ater pipes layed from the city to convay u:::.ter there. The 2.ppcar:.cnc12 of the entire length of the Canal c?.n be characte-rized as a symbol of man's 1ngenuity at the Republic of f'<'.nL'.Jia, ;_;ncle Ca:n has mo.de a groat job. God Bless i'L'!lerica, lonr:; live Leadership. Respectfully and sincerely, E. \:. HARTINEAU t. --------------------

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I I I I II I r E. W. -p.5 A:t:ter the completion of the F:lna,;Ja Canal, rapc'lrtration was ordered sHiftly follm;ed by depopulation of the Genal Zone. 'rhis brour.,ht grGat concern amo:lf> the. nationals who, resided in .. the e.rea. Speculution bcptn nrnons merchants, land Lords and even the lowest peasant be5cn to ask >Yhat next to be. done. However the Canal Zone was to be evacuated. The land Lords and merchants renewed their plea to the ;;ational Government stating it will do well to give residential status to \vest Indians; especially those ..rho \'lor-e in the majority during the i construction of tho Canal. It was then !'resi
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Martineau, E. -p.6 men r1ere taken into the Canal Zone, th
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I I II t I I t This is to inform you tho.t lf,nnaosc' MaynP.rd P.rrived on the Isthmus on April 3, 1;!05 (n5.netoen hum1 .. ed and five) and started \Wrk on the -4th of April c.t Empire ilach:i.ne Shop us a helper, French Locomot 1v :s, the ForC';an uns ;.:r. Georf:e Lwnby und I worked on the Job for lB mo11tho and was transferred to the E:lectrico.l Division as an Giler on June 10, l'J06. The F:.:n3ineer \'las ilr. Clyde Burton c.nd l liOrb:il ,.,.ith him unt11 1910 cwd 1aa trc.nsferred to B:>.lboa 3tc'n l'l:'.nt P.S a Fireman. 'l'he Foreman of the Balboa Steam flant \l(cS i'ir. J C. SI'il:ith, I 1mrked 11ith him until 1916 and imo tr:tnnfTred to the :1-!ira:florea Steam Plant as an Cilor under the Supcrvision of llr. Lavrton an Enr:ineer until 1927. In 1927 I 1ms tro.nsf'crred to the Deisel at lUra flores undor tho Supor-vip,:':.on of lli11 ll01'1Zer n.nd continued \Jorldng at that c>tntion until my retiremont in 1953, Living conditioJJS ln those days \'las r.ruch better than now, ev erythin.e; \'IUfl much chenp"r, 1. a. steak (':) .12 Lh. Codfish G 08 Lb., Salad 011 .oe per qt., Onj.ons .02 Lb., Red Salmon @ ,12 tin and a large tin of !Jfl.;,; cost 20 en. Everything Has 1nuch ei1enper, oven though the rate of pay \Tas small, so there 1:ero no comple.l nts. .. < i :: :: L--""------------,_ .. .. ,.-.. .... ,....

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rt I I I II I ,1l Merchant, J. T.; Gamboa Font Office, Gamboa, C.Z. Arived on Isth'Dus 1910. Start 1'/0rk over torow point as Drill helper around Star Drill. Supervieer f.lr Brondy General Foreman Y.r. Hill. Foreman i-!r. Young. and Hand Drill Foreman Taff. in 1911. Hyself and five others was ask to get out abouth half a dozen holes for the morning, about six o 1 clock that nieht rain l.'a.s pourin down. The Hill slide, causing one death in few days, and I lms nook dmm cause me much suffering for about 10 days. and last of tNo teeth. that was my f1raCt a.cident, I undergo serve.l others. But in 1913 at Corzal in a ... powder gan, in care of r.fr Robert. had a big blow up causing many den th. I came very near to 1 t. but by C-<>d help I am one among eurvie. In 1914 my got kill while myself and h1.m was .working at May-Flowers on nightehief,. around : a crain, That Job run by a color American by the name. of J1m Morgan and lr. Smith a I'Thite Amer1can. I was working on one slide of the Bucket while the other man 1-.ra.s on the other, and as soon we e;ive the sisnal the crainman lift. But some thing happen, on my mate cot kill riS}1t then, we send him off by a engin. Livii113 Condition In those days, 1e use to pay 3 cent for loaf of bread. one'pint of cream 12-13 cent. one blue snirt 40 cent. one working pants up. one quart of salid oil black ourge $1.80 per yards up. Dress shirts 01.10 up. Wages 11ae very low it runge from 100 to 20 an hotjr. Hospital was free. and ress house, those days we use to get rain most of the time. 1e goes to in and out in rain and wook work thr-ough rain, 1-1ell in 1913 one Sunday mo1nin[3 t.he Dike 1-.ra.s to brake luse, I 1aa present to see the 1rarter timely paseing from Corzal Cut in to l'lany of I.c.c. ofical was present then. it 1as said President i>'illson rms to send it off by tuching a -butten .. \-/ell on ali U.S.A. Curancey is found four In C-<>d VIe Tl'UBt Colonel Gorthell YTith hie staff of Horkers and Hith the help of God, has precent to u.s.A one of the world's greatest aceavernent, and that is the Fan ... ma Canc.l. In looking back at those days 1 t "-'aS, In God v1e trust .;,, ..... j I : J. T. 1-I:ERCHANT

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Mitchell S., Alfred; c/o };onald Chosr.rnan, Electrical Dept., Tela Hail Road Company; El l'roereso, Yoro., Honduras. I \las brou(')1t from Jr.\inccica at the ae;e of 14 years old in the year of 1')04, ;;i th my mother. I lef school in 3 erade or 3 \iell, 1-lot.lwr HHD Horkinc; and fortunately I got a. job ns 1-l.co.ter-boy on the I'an:.ma Fail Road docks, and same year !-]other took me on the lines, to s. called Bas-Obispo Canal Zone. I worked there carrying Hater for a drilling e;ang; then I heard the tro.nsportation Hns employine; yoU113sters for steamshovel checkers.: There 1-1hen I tho yard-master at I.E.scascade.s, then he aolced me if I could rend and I told him "o. little;" that yard-manter 1an Doreguard, and then J.C. ..< Barnett. Then he gave me a book and Hother bought me a vmtch. I worked there keeping around and my witts, also. Then the ynrd-mo.stc-r, Barnett cn.lled me one morning told:. me "you are eoinc to do soQe brul,ing on train, you are along,:.,_,:, 1ith Conductor C. A. f;haw and EnGineer VI. G. Ford, they will take care of you." So I did as he told me. \1 ell, I kept on ', being a bralceman for a long time, then he i;lulled me off the .... train and. put me back in the office. '!I ell, Sirs, I can tell,,.,,-''.; .. '!.-:. you I really sal'/ and lmm-1 B-ce they called Hatachin, there bo::rd his motor-car by rail to Culebra; his resident r.nd office. Hin an Arneric:o.n by the name of Sr,,aJ.h:ood. ilo1'1, i":r. )), D. G:dJ.i,.rd, he ;wuld \mlked do1-1n the Cunal amon;:. drllls stEn.m nhovcl dynamite hole looking rit:ht do1m in 30 feet hole \":here they \:ere loadlnc dynamite. lie 1uld to a steam G)\Ovel 1hen it il::tR riot \YOrking and would ask the steam Elhovel oper:> .. tor "what 1 s the matter?" The operator VIould m::de a reply "i; c:re e:.oine: to blaH these big rocks 1 th dynn.;ni tes," lle say "eood-by, taJ'e care of yourself." You slwuld soe Hr. Gnllic:rd gettine; out of sie;ht I' ---.. ------------.I ..

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--.. Mitchells., A. -p.2 9VGl" roclw, old ties l'.lld rnils. Thr.ts IJhfl.t I sea and what happen I vme. bral:ine; on J:;ne;. 211. I saw President Roosevelt and Preoidcnt Taft 1l>E:n they arrive there inspecting the Canal with a special first coach and observation car, when I 1ms on the .rr.n::-,rJa Jln.il rlo:td. I hJ.ncne Govenor 1-!ct\clors of 'l'exas on t.rr.J.n fl'om to CriGtobal docl-:s, 0.luo. h!'J.nclle Genc:c:<.l FGrsh:\.n!.:. of ':or16. ::nr I from criotobal Dock to Gatun tl1ere bo<'.l'd a motor boHt from Ga ttm through the can<1.l to I'G
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... :::. Moore, John A.; Colon, R.P. .. ,.. .. I arrived here 191.q Hay 6. first job with the quarter-master at balboa, next at tho dry dock in balboa with gr, Burna, sec. cattle industry 111th Nr Johnson. Next with the .. rnunioi!)Jal division, crl..stoba, coc>.ll..ng ste.t1on and the cristobal.:,. dock until 1949 December. ... I am Yours truly JOHN A. MOu?.E 1087 -.. .... ... ... ..... : .... ; .. I i i I I ... t I .. ,; .i: .:" ....... '"). : : .. I. .. .. ,.. ....... "' -::

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: 1-!orgnn, Geor5e vi. ; 5lJ Kill(5 Strce.t, Spanish T01m F.O,, Jamaica, Taken from the Editor Section of the Jamaica Gleaner The Iathmian Dociety ic tryin13 to collect the personal experience of Indiun \rho Served in the labour force that duts the C::-.rml. I nm one of the Jamo.ica Ner;ro uho served the ?DJ1:tr.'::c C"'-nnl from 1907 to 1955. Arrived, Colon, Oct 1906. Iiat by ;ny Uncle 1-lr. l'rince Hun:!ler, old timer, who take co.re of me untill I got n. job on January 1907, As a locomotive fire 1.1n.n at Ln.s C
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I Horgan, John; Colon Fost uffice, Colon, R.:P. I came here the year 1912, Sept. 2. The first place I HOrk is qus.rter-rnaster at Hont-Jlope name of l>Ir, \o'o.tson. Secondly Gorgono. car shop, other places __ Gatun locks with Mr. Bently, and J.ir. F"arkar. I am a carpenter by tr(!de but I never lay up when there is nothine; the trade to do, I do but anything to earn a bread, I work th Ya' A. Auxther on the P.Fi. l-'ir. ilndrE\Is, 1-lr. 1i1bster, i>ir. Faugi, Mr. 8rna.lly and J. F'ord. I am not cetting pension. I took sick befqre it start to give out, and up to I am still sick going 30 years novr. I am asking ycu to see what you can do for me. I am yours truly JCHH r'JOF.GAN : : -----------,. .' .. ____ _j L----'111-'----------"---------------------------'

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I!osos, Charles; Box 1!61, Gamboa, c.z. I came to Pa1mma for the first time in 1901!, on the "Orinoco" from st. Luciij;, at the age of 18 years. I first Job was at Culebro. Cut, in 1904, receiving dirt that came by the train from the diggins done in the Canal. This dirt was dumped in Summit. In 1906 I worked at the LA Boca lumberyard packing, assort'ing etc., the lumber that 1-1as. destined to the building of houses. In the same year I 1-1orked as boatman for the General Manager of the ICC. Later on I vlorked as drill man behind. Corozo. I also was one of the first to work on the foundation or : ...... the Administration Building. On the first day l>'e went to l>'ork;' one man was killed by a live electric wire. I worked at Tabernilla with the Engineer Div cutting trachas, then I passed over to the Dredging Division where I worked at 1ith Capt Dimitre as a sailor and diver. My last job 1ms 1dth Frank as carpenter. On this job the Gamboa Post Office and Police Station were built, All my experiences which I acquire en the different jobs still live in my memory and I can say they were very happy days. CHARLES MOSES _.,. :.:/ ,. :, i I ,. I i. I : ...

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Paily1 Henry I came here on tho 18 of December 1905, 'tJy a Franch boat I I .. I I by the riame of t-lartinique. I start to 1rk in thenaxt day wioh 1-1as the 19 of said December 1905 on the track line in Rio grande 1ith a forman by the name of l-lorker cuple months after I went to 1-1ork with another forman by the name of Ene;1esh on the track I line Culebra in the ether s1d the Canal. In 1907 I went to -1 1 with a forman by' the name: of Joseph on the Culebra Dump. In 1910 I Hork 1i th the Sani to.ry Departe!llent in Culebra and Para1ao with forman by the name of Galida and sub forman by the name I Charles. Durine that times I work on the name of Henry Macarie.. .., I In 1911 I \vent to ork with a forman by the name of Marc Burnes.,. on the pipe line Heoanical Division in Empara. At this times I got maried on my e;ood and real name l'litsh is Henry Paily, My ., name was then cane:es from Henry Haoarie t9 Henry Paily liioh my right name. I continue t.o on air compressor in Rio :-:,.::i >-.:' \trande with an Ene;enier by the name of Homelly In 1915 I. :was:,. transfered to Balboa Shop workinE with the seme forman Mara Burnes in HecanicE;.l Division cuttin5 and threading pipe in the pipe machine ontill 19LJ7 I got retirad. This is all times to my pass 1if viOrking in the Panama C2-nal Hy respect full to you HENRY PAILY D.R. LJ099 '1.oO -. --------.

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" u Parkinson, Constantine; Box 1337, Colon, R.P. I was born 189LJ the 12 of at a place call Playa de Flor no11 by the nnme Fort Sherman this little town was inhabited around french Canal days rlith mostly Jamaica.ns and few natives panamaians, around the area 1:as plenty of coconuts and some other fruits trees such man[oes and pears, 1909 I start to at sweet about a mile and half south of Play de Flor as a rear flagman in the survey gang, 1909 1wrk at Toro Point north of Playa de Flor as water boy clearing gang, 1909 work Toro Point survey gang as chainman with 1-ir Bertatan and l-ir. J. Kitts. 1910 transfer to rli;:J.di cut as chain. man foreman survey gang with Mr. J. Kitts. 1912 laid off work finnish Mindi cut, returning back to my home at Playa de Flor 1913 to-part of 1915 laid up for injures. > 1909 while 1orking survey gang as rear flagman running trail from S1veet \'later thru jupgles, rivers and s1mmp headed to Gatun but only reach as far as Lorna Bre.cho. The idea of the trail was to run a rail road line, eo as take rocks from Soea Hill to be dump around the breabtater but rtae cancel as it would interrupe the canal trafic. While vtorkinc; on this trail job I incounter with plenty of snakes and animals one day running dorm a steep hill my feet got intangle with a snakes coiled up sleeping. I call out for the machet men to lrill the snake, c.nd was found to svallow a young deer the snakes 1ms 15 feet long, a next time lthile standing rtith my fla5 pool holdinc e. ]!oint for my ene;eneer Hr. Betartan at a very good distant alone vrith knee deep in s;;amp I heard a heavey vmlkine; comming behind vrhere I Has stz.nding and 1then I turn to look I notice a larES mountain col; headed towards me I took my flag pool and run to enceneer r;r. Betmtan c.nd told him a cow was comminc to eat up, he nnd the rnacbet men went to see and they told me that the run nnd ju.op into a river. 1-ir. Beetartan seeing that I 11as so fri()ht en -change me from rear flagman to rear chainman. 1910 1orlcinc; at lHndi cut and living in C-a.tun labor camp with rental frea in those days and had to yse labor train daily for transportation, I notice one day a big elide in gatun cut 1;here the locks we.s building cover up many uorkers. greeks and ., .,.:. ,. I ------_, .. ----------.. ---, __ ----. ___ .. -. ______ .. ______ ----.. --

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Farkinson, c. -p.2 .... spaniards that toolt day and night digr:ins out dead bodys I was told that plenty of these clen .. d bodys had money tied around there 1aist as in canal days vre.s not so e8.sy to find good place to bank money, it 1ae a very au full sie:ht to see how they dig out the bodys but for many of us it did not mean nothins in construction days people get kill and injure almost every day and all the boses want is to get the canal build. I notic& one day while as a foreman chainrnan in iUndi cut some men load ins a hole with danamite 1t expload and I sEe part of men flyins in the air that,,_ cause the explosion no one knees but it think like a stick of,'. ..... ':: poNder rent do1vn a cap and after pressing by pool oaus.e .. explosion. \/e had Has to drink quinine every day so as combat feverand Nhen the rainny season is .. in it fall fur. days somtime month workins clothes have to be wear for days wet with out changfmg because no sun to get dryad 11 vine in Gatun camp 1rae not eo bad as janitors keep 1'1ell clean I e;et meal ticket from timekeeper fer 27 cents 30 and 40 cents but the 40 cent tickets. \'las mostly for,-->.::. spaniards and greeks as thEy give 1dne with meals but eo to get " P CONSTANTINE PARKINSON Dr. 8202 ... -.: __ ... ... ........... -

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' I Parka, Amos; General Delivery, Colon, R.P. In the year 1914 I arrived on tho Isthmus from Barbados on September 14th living in Colon at the time. There were a lot of \'/est Indl.ans around here and we certainly e;et along very nice, It took me a little time before I could land a Job. l-ly first job l-Ias I liOrked on the line for John English or .. .. Frijoles. He Has very nice to me and very kind and consid erate, I lvorked lvith him for a period of time, Then my second assignment at Toro Point -all theoe time no l'anai;Janians \,-e.a around muoh only bape ':lest Indians Has e;oing too and fro, from home to work daily. Then on Sunday lie all e;o to church regu1ar.L., .. In those days People take Church more serious than today, maybe because in construction days. The amount of \ieat Indians .that lose their lives on the job was mournful to talk about. I oould remomber one instan-::e a boat .loaded with about 250 was going.."<.,,-:-,,: through Culebra cut when all of a sudden there wa.e a orash, .. an! many lives v;ere lost, only e. 1rere saved by the mercy of God, Thats Hhy of toilu.y 'llben I hear. the Spaniards talk that they the Canal, I them on many occasion how many Panamanians ever worked during construct-ron days, and how many lost their lives. None of them could answer. Thate tho reason we all use to go to Church more regule.r than tcday, because in those days you see today and you are a dead man. You had to pray everyday for God to ce.rry you safe, and bring you back, Those ,. days were horrible da.ys to remember. Those wore the times you f)O to bed at nichts and the next day you I:Jay be a dead man. There are many more I could tell you, but I just cant recall, en many occe.e ion I have seEn loaded rri th men go down to their doom, nnd many wore burled alive: by shovels of sand. Construction days will never be forGotten by the Indian .People who their liven for the di,se;ine: of the Canal Thats why I always say the youn2er [JJErat1on of today whose parents loss their lives they should be recoGJpsnse greatly. Hy third job was at Colon Hospital rlhere I as third cook for a number of yeare -at that time i was living on the Zone house numbsr. 6025 Fain bow City, bachelor quart ere, r-!y 4th job was at Nount Hope Alba torr for qui to a vlhile. iiy foreman name was Hr. J. l1iller, a very nice man to deal Hith, after that I worked on the dock as laborer until I retire 34 years service on !1ay lOth 1953. 1-iy fore:uan name 1ras ;.ir. i'.'ard. I then lleturn to Colon to live until this pres eht duy. ,-; ....... J !(: Yours Respectfully, /lii(;S PAFKS #5562 ., I. \ il I .ji i i' [ t .. II I I l l i I I .. -. I 1 I

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. ov Peters, Geore;e; Ct>.tiva, R.r.; Cffice, Colon, R.l'. I landed in Colon R.?. from the Island of Dominica B.W.I. on the 14th of Dec, 1908 'fe:t day8 after I 1'18.9 euployed by one llr. Crawl in Empire GtG<:>.m r!oovel rqxJ.ir nhop at hour. In those days it rain f'rom 6 to 6 you get on the job ringing v1et s.nd so you remain t:lll .,ou fl.nis11Gd. About 3 months after one lt.r. Bates succeeded ar. Crawl .r; :;tore .nan 37.50 month I supply all the m;1.terel the .Ur:l::c ::ater here I ;;ork untill 1912. Dec, 1 resir;n 1 1-l<'.G n:i.x yeain as Ta.xi driver in Colon in 1918 I Has reemploy by :.j. i...:unbClt "''; a chaufer here I Hork untill the strike in 1920 wlEn strike waG over I cot employment 1-1ith the Electric:'.l dJ.vinion on t!.,c 5th of ;.;ay 1920 llith one roartin supcrvir,,or t!Jen :'r. Coil, :.-;r. ;.:etzger, l:.r. Smith i I

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i II J '' l Peters, G. -p.2 I have GE'rve 2.s
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I G Phillips, Arthur E.; Est.?.fcota del Cllonlllo, Panama, R.F. 13-1./jO \iest 27th St.; !\oom lG, Chorrillo. I arrived on ttte Gctobor 1912. My first job was in Empire Cut un Stnr Drill helper in !'ovember 1912, I worked there about three Heeke, then I was to the Black Srni th Shop in' the s::>.me Empire Cut, re po.iring star dri.ll bit, 1mrkin5 there until the co;npletion of job. After that I e;ot a job in Gorsona lJ12.cl,s:nith shop in the latter part of 1913 Hhen this job Has closed I 1ro.s transferred to Empire Blacksmith shop, :.lechunlcal Division. I v1orked until the early. part of 191./j 11hen I wo.s ln.yed off D.nd I cot another job in Balboa shop and 'hen I Has retired. Brief Story In Empire Cut days it was terrible. One had ..... to work in mud and rain. The American Government had a heavy ; .. .. job on hand with 'the of 1noaquitos, fever, cold and build ing of healthty conditl.on in the; whole area. The Health Department daily distributed quinine to the people and flitted the places with some proventntive concuction for evoryonea health. I recall one: l'lorkd8.y t".-10 brothers by surname, Phillips were sitting under a dump truclc tro.in having lunch, after lunch they fell asleep and the enaine coupled up and moved, that was the end of their live:J. Livinc; condition none tho best, food stuff \vas very cheap, for :msto.nce, o. loaf of bread for 3, rice 1ao 12 for -4 lbs, yes, the Waijes \'las E':nll but co:Jt of livine; very consid erate to all. Hy gr. 'debater and I r;ot alone well. I also attended rogulo.rJ..v the Eplscopalean Chmcheo in the various s.reas of IllY \iblch vms Jmovm as the Anslican or Anglo-Catholic church. Your truly, AP.TI-!Ul': E. FIIILLIPS D .r:. 85./jO I I I I ------------. i ..... __ _,.._. .. __ .....

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1 J/ Plummer, Enrique; Box 169, Panama, R.P. I was born in Gorgona on August 16th 1889. I started 1Wrking for the Ictmian Canal Commission (which vias later change_. to the Panama Canal) in 1905, as a messeneer at per hour, in an office in Empire for the Central Division. The Canal was devided in tlcree sections, Eacific, Central, and Atlantic di vision. When I started to 11ork, Mr. 1:. D. Bolick was head of affairs. there was only myself and an American in the office then, During the cource of business the office was transferred to a big two story building w1 th an office fource of about : men, devided in different sections, such as Administration, timekeeping, transporte.tion etc. Mr. Bolick did not stay very long, he went back to theu.s. Col. D. D. Gaillard finally became head of affairs, and Hr. A. E. Bronk 1ho was Chief Clerk tms promoted to General Foreman of the Division and H. I. 3e
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Plllinmer, Enrique -p.2 their clothes eat. to avoid getting discoloured. Then he would have men e;o throuE.h all the swampy land, digging drains. to l"lhich they I'Jould hang cans of mosquito oil dripping and spred ding all through the area. Its the opinion of the majority that the french had abandoned the canal entirely, it is'nt so, they were s15ill doing a little \fork although they 1ould never the rate they were going, They Hould line up a string of cars near: the bank, and men would so and fill them lvith picks and shovels. After they are filled and the men e;iven credit for their IVOrk the oars would be pulled out and another set replaced. Inasmuch as the U.s. figgered on a lock and dam can'al, the americans did not have to do very much digging, as the ditch were pretty deep when they took over, for which they used steam shovels, dirt trains, danimite etc. There l'ras quite a lot of people killed by accidents of :. ferent kinds, but more so of de.nimite going off ahead of time. Sometimes dozens of men \'Jere blovm up in the air, impossible to know \;hat arm or leg or head belon3ed to what body. the injured and the dead were loaded on cars and tal{en to Ancon Hospital (the majority labourers). During the constroctmon, (I emagin) the french dug throueh a big hill, leaving triO hills on each side. The hill on the esst side vrere called Gold Hill and the hill on the west were called Contractors Hill. Gold Hill gave the americons q'uite a boxing lesson, it vras ahmys sliding and blocking the ditch. After do ing everything possible enoluding driving piles which was to no avail, they called a meatins of all the officials to give their idias .of how to over.come same. SomEbody eogested that they install big hose on the opposite side of the hill, keep pumping 'isf3.. c .. ----------------------'

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Flummer, Enrique p.3 Although I \'las a silver roll employee, I had some of the moat risponsible jobs in our office. I was fila clerk (I kept the records of forty-four and silver employees, My amedi-ata boss kept the record of the gold employees), I was mail clerk (I mailed all letters, copy of letters, reports, etc. to their destination) I was property clerk (I was responsible for all the property around the office) I st[!tionary clerk (I had to order and maintain a supply of stationary to auply both our office and the outside) and also in charge of messengers (I had seven boys who assisted me in performing my duties, Mr. Staley, my emediate boss and the only man who the combination of the vault that kept all our file casas, had the habit of playing head and tail in same (gambleing) He opens the vault in the mornine;, and I who uses it last close it in the evening. One day unlcnown to me, they 11ere in there playing. After getting out the mail I closed the outter door and throw .. off the combination. They did not make an emediate alarm, thinking I having a joke on them. P.fter I got hame, the watchman came running out of breth to let me knovl there was someone in the vault. I rushed up, and luckily the inner steal door vias not closed (which is about three feet apart from the cutter door). The result, he 11as able to stay in the inside and tell me how to open same. Imagine the fright we both had. There were a llr. hobbs of the transportation section. As file clerk any letter referrin to an individual, the ohirf clerk 11ould mark on it I'I' (meaning personal papers) . Hobbs said something disrespectful to him who in turn told him -the exac \lords ;,;r. Bronk said, He raised his hand to strike the boy, who ducked nnd cal!le up 1vi th him by the legs 1 he over balanced, knocked down rny typ01rri ter and caused quite an uproar. !ian ca;ue runnin6 from the different sections to the fic;.l1t. J.\r. Bronk is very etrict, B<'t a.t his desk Hatching all that 1w.s e.oing on. After all eyes turned and saw him, they all walked away. Mr. then came to rcy section, .a,nd bef,?re, i I ,' I L.

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1 I Plummer, Enrique -p.4 sayin5 anything, ;:IT', Hobbs told him that n1gt;er called me a e;od dam liar and I slapped him. \"lithout answerine;, Nr. Brorik turned to me and said Plummer I want o. written statement of what happened around here, and to Hr. Staley he said the same thing. The. result, J.lr. Hobbs \vas suspended for a couple of days. Being riaponsable for all property around the office, I was accoaationally Checked up to see if all 1-ma well. On one such occasion I short a typeivriter. there ;ms a Judge Garrison a nabour of mine. Having nothi115 to do at nights, he vTould come over and kill time with us. I said nothing to anyone in the office of my short ige. Tha.t I told the Judge of my troubles, and the next 9-ay he sent a dective to me to investigate. Mr. Hobbs seeing the die. talking to me, after he left carne to find out whats it all about. After telling him, he said you little darn fool, vlhy dindt you sa.y somethine; about it. I boilrowed the typewriter and have it at horne. The result: another suspencion '' for Mr. Hobbs. About ten to fifteen years ae:o, I read something about the oldtirnera in the daily papers. I had a picture of the whole office fource, and one of the hee.d of affairs which I sent .to the official fotographer of the administration building. I also read in the papers sometime ago that some graves were discovered some\ihere aroirnd Fe.raiso on the opposit aide of the canal. I can inform you that after the 1mr with Panama and Colombia, there 1ere an epedemic of small pox, the french had some buildings abondaned in that nabour-Hood l-lhere the sick isolated. and I imagine they burried the deads around there. Hence the graves discovoured When the canal 1-1as finished, the Central division was abol1.shed, lea vin[5 a c'Ir. Greensle.de as general foreman to finish up little things to be Clone. myself and a :.:r. Fotter left to take care of the office, lvr!ich '''as transfored to t-he administration buildine; in Culebra, o.nd v1as called the fourth Div. During the construction they had men going through the canal feeding all the employes 1vith Quinine About Col. Gaillard, he 1'/as quite a gentleman. He never. : .. I I i I I L I L .. -------------_ ____J

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... ,, .. .. l?lU!!lJJ]er, Enrique -p.5 spoke to a l;J.dy \lith his hD.t on. lie H.cted e.t times however as thew he was a little off in the head. I read in the rapers some time ago that he finally di;;d an asylum. C:mce there 1-1as a dirt train recently transferre-d from the Paoifio Div. to the Central div. Col. Gaillard who issued orders that no one ride on a dirt train without a p>.ss, one day got on his train. to be mean (I think) the Conductor asked him for hie pass, after telling him \vho he vras, he looked him over and said you Col. Gaillard? a little eon of a b came on my train a week ago and said he was Col. Gaillard, Now you say you are Col. Gaillard. I'll be dorn if I dont take a day off and find out who in hell :' IS Col. Gaillard. In the meanwhile you get the hell off. my .train,. He did take a da.y off to find out 1vho 1-1as Col. Gaillard, and. was-:. t1 .. suspended. But he appealed and won. ... .,::,, .. In, those days there was no kind of requation,. couples Nould have weekly p9.rties, and the bachelers would kill:' :.-;. time gambling. after a Hhile they would. start playing base ball, e.nd it finally e:ot to the stL'.ge that they \lould emport ball play-ere from the u.s. and give them jobs so as to have them to play ball. Them they sta.Ited friendly orgization, and I made some extra money printing circulo.ra. After all \1as finished, the fourth division was closed, and. I was. transferred to the Quartermaster's of fie a .,..hich was taking ..... stock inthe different store houses, and my job was to make copies of the different -o.rt1cles arid sizes on a typewriter. On the same day I 1-1nnt to the chief clork and told him I could not do the job, it nesded a regular stanagrapher rrho could read and write at the same time. he told me if he WE\s satisfied he saw no reason why I was not. The third day, tired of sitting, I got up to strech my lee; a, and
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--_ ---------:_---Prescod, John F.; (Di'.h833); Jlou!lc 11, r-.oom 10; 12 Street; Rio P.L., R.P. I came from n::I June L906 on a boat cull the Solon. They put n1e off at T::b(;.rr.i2 la Go to Hork on the dump at. 100 por hocr The lJoss ;cr. CultEr. 1907 ,.;as in Obispo cut \;orl:inc. at the steam shovel in mud v:ater Cne ps.ir boot la.st cne do.y In the after-noon 1mlk to the cr.mp bG:'l.r foot At Ollispo boss name Hr. Bill inc:;. 19013 1orlc in the drillinG r:.onc in Empire cut as drill runner at 10 cent per hour I :ork in Lacc:?.scadas cut Cule bra cut Boss c-ir. ilhi tehead. Plenty mo.la.ria fever Drink plenty \'line tonic -lork in o.ll the cut from 1906 to 1914. Drill in Obispo cut Dose :Jay take rochine out lay them do1m side the track lino Cccnnl finish October wonth 19013 to of the worst uccldcnts of the construction period five men were killed eicht injur/hat the hell I c-.m coin:: to do :,o;: no money only the my check that coming nm1 one ,Jn.n in the t;an[' eatinG flour dumplin drop out of !'Ll.ll mouth :hat the c&.nal finish I have no money. On Cctobl3).' 22-1913 Cuc;,cracha. slide on the east side of the cut bon(;" .. : ;:hat Canal Recmd erth Fier 9 in Crir;tcb'.'.l to gee;in the Canal tr:>.nsi t. Aboo.rcl the :.;l;lp \.'erE ,,o:u<:; 200 r;uest inclu.clinr:; the l'r-esident of l'i'.nct;na o.nt'l l'_Ua',tity of C".r'(';O Iller tl1Gp8.tch at Dalboa iiine hcurs .. ntl.l!O nlnvtes liJ.tor the Ancon h .. '1.d reached the end of tlie ch8.nnc>l at V;ll.JoE. aml the PP .. nn.-na CEtnal 1ms officlully c,-;G. to v;orltl. co.;,,;corce. 1-!ay 1913 '.;l'-'-' c1rilline; Bnpire cut in a U.1fficult place has to tie l'<.:pe :'.1ouml. my v1o.ist [OJ' saftety. Not her gane; near l

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1) Prescod, Jj F. Culebra cut vms drillinc; 3 hour. Could not set up one l!lcchine due to rocJc fall in: dom1 on them. Gcner::tl foremen carae to spot f,n.y your clout startocl up yet no boss rock falling do,m un us. Gay if I t;o up. <'.nd ::; et up a drill God d;:;,m it I e;oing to fire the ..;hole bunch of you I nm EOTTY to say s:1d e..ccidents occuro that ;m in 1913 F:oclc fall froGJ the bank knock Hr. S1dnel1S2.rt do.m j_n the co.n::-,1 Iut him on a flatcar ntsh him to Ancon tlospital die the sDme dn.y. M'll::>.ria fever h;Lve so had I hc>.e to drink plenty of quine ton.ic tell I hcard sincing in my ears Ql.U'der murder f5oine; to quits d.rin}:in0 quine r1as eetins me deaf. ioiarch 190'7 a slid at Culebra carried army a few houses, n shop, o.nd the old ::n.shington llt:I.'De, The first death sen_, .... tence pronouccd by officials ,:<-.s p.o.ssed on Adolphus ---.: .. -. .;;-. Coulson, a coJwictGd o:;:' poisoninG hie wife, Livinc in cEc;np the mon dent like it .'\.t 7:00 A:ft)Je 'r:U tch.1w.n ut the cG.mp 2-::J.y the ale k und lo.a:o out siue somo men tall:e to the bush build :z!rn shanty out dyna;ni te bO):O. One of lE:C1.-.rc the caEtp go the hush in :-;.'lndinga to .' .. -sleep 12 o (clock midn1,J1t !\loic a l::nock at the roo:J door open the door eo in you ;;arTiad no come one put ycr chose un to to ja.il 1.!1 the morni113 h:.::u::.e at Empire jucle;o sc.y you m.:,rried no sir 12 t."Jo lato to e:o sir I live in the oP.mp dont c:::y e<0.:1p oouy qucnt era I e;o for m;r pot ThG court lD.U[ht too late rvl thr:.t. a.nd the 1oman 00. I crc.cllt go to war with the rmd b:;.d 1:c..tar c-l[t:-, drink 0VCl'Y day. t.c; tho :.o n-al' in Culebr3 out :.1:11"-ra ::'over yello;.' fever anJ. the mosquit ;-;::>.1:; tho cut to e;ive us quinis tonic to June 19G6 \Jolon eet Dosie 50 d.o1n to c:::i:o L1 ;J,,d. Th:t:::Ci;r:: you c:c.?.. tion s c t:-1c -\.-r t :i.n-:: o m:i l"i:J.nd nothine; but mud. for ycur cunsiddanc a v.round. -----------,. I :. l' j t ',l'l f I!' I ------_______ _,

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Richards, John Altyman; Box 1781, I'D.nama, R.P. l!any yenxs aco Hhile st 1.11 y.et e youne; mtln in Jamaica I lias intrigued by the Canal Construction done in this beautiful tropical countr'Y. I discussed the possibilities of ltorking 1n a different country and of learning a stranse language with my relatives; as soon as permission vms eranted I -partook for Panama in 19lll Still quiet e.nd a green young man bursting with energy I arrived in Panama nnd 1hile unable to get a position 1n the actual building or construction of the Canal I started on 1-iaroh 9, 1914 to 11ork on the baeeball diamond in Pedro Miguel as a laborer--leveline; off the dio.1ooncl. The foreman was ltr. Loman and General Foreman Hr. Boyd, while <;l.oing this job for one year I met various men from other countries and Slmpped many ideas and interesting stories o.mone; each other thus making .. __ .,:. P .. conditions rather enjoyable to a certain extent. ,_,.... ... '.. ':1 i i'tr next job on this Isthmus was with Mr. Ched1ick in the Quartermaster Department for one yeur-, as a janitor. i, i n I 'i f I next saw an opo1tunity for a better position as a soda fountain attendant in the Fedro ;.u.e:-;uel Clubhouse and worked there from 1916 to 1917. Thera 1 the honor of serving the. Executive Secretary at that time. The os.ne.ger there was Nr. '' Torn Booz. Ny next transfer \me to the I'araioo Clubhouse where I put in 18 fe.i thful year a of service unuer a ra thcr pleasant boss, Mr. \inlla until 1936. \'illile Horl:int; e.nd living as a bachelor and then as <} family man there I had the joy of when many times my neighbors came to the clubhouse Qa:-Jy would walt paitiently until I had gotten apound to them. I then e:ot a next job in a fairly community, La Boca. In 1942 I worked as a sodn fountain attendant for a few years and enjo-yed the change and the chance to make new friends, listen to their troubles and give oo,,JG advice at times. Seeing anor.ortunity to ;c[Cke a better provision for my ever c;rowing family I and \:orked for the l-lecnnical Division for two straiGht years. lifter that time I got reduction of force ....

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Richards, J. A. p.2 for three months. Havins a family to look after I looked high and low for Hork not carlng ho11 it ,1as just eo we wonr t starve. I prayed day and nie;ht alone: with my family to get some-thing to do and my prayors 1ere answered when Mr. E. C. Lombard. sent me to 1-10rk in the Pacific Clubhouse. I first worked as a janitor, the'h I moved up to a sod.a fow1tain attendant; 11hile there I got the oportunity to servG different local politician at that time. I knel'/ just from pictures and there I 11as able to meet them personally and at times say a fe1v 1vords with them. 111'. Callender, the manaeer, then gave me .a chance to work: .. as a billar l'oom attendant. This Has .my last job which I held .. .. while in the Pacific Clubhouse after IWrking there for three. years. In this job I came into co:qtal5t l'Jith many youngsters and althoue;..h they many times tried hard to outsmart me 1n .. mnny. '"::;' .. ( IVays my last few years of "'or king in the Fan Canal ended rather."'' pleasantly. no s1e:;nature --::.' .. ,. I ; I I "l.

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Riley, T. H.; Apartado 1427, Colon, R.P. I arrived in Funo.ma on or about the 25th day of August in the year 1909. I \as employed by the Commissary Division at Culebra C.Z. on the 4th of Ssptember the same year, as a deliv ery man, as far as I can remember. I lV?:S assigned to making deliveries of food stuffs to the American employees living in ..... that area, including Col. Goethals, Gi}illiard, Hode;es, Admiral Rosseau and others like Dr. Crabtree,.the Goldmarks, etc. There were several men employed for the purpose of soliciting orders from the families livins there. The items ordered and paid for parcelled and taeeed for delivery to the parties .. concerned, and had to be made 24 hours Nether it rain -' or shine. In those days there 1-1ere no such things ae trucks or the like hence those things had to be delivered by means of a 11aeon and a couple of mules. Culobra vras not by.. ': .. far a level 8 ection, and it Has necessary to push the ,.. ... helping the mules on many ocassions. The years went by and going through Culebra, deep cracks, here and there l'lere noticeable. I can remember one of the boys remarked "See those craclrs?" they are indications that all here 11ill be deep 1ater. The cracks were so far from the Cut itself that he was told, :FJan if the Colonel should hear you say that you will bs arrested. The digging of Oulebra out oontin .... ued and it happened that houaee ::tround the same area had to be. pulled back due to slides. I can remember house no 122 or 123 l'!as.pulled back some distancd \lith the families intact. It is a sure guess that those Cracks e.1e now in the CaruJ.l due to Speaking of slides, Culebre. is the Section subjected to it. On the fourth of July in the YeHr 1913 or there-about, there a big slide in the Cut not far from Gold Hill, so called in those dc.ys, and I uitnessed a Steam shovel completely covered Gxcept for the tip of the handle of the bucket. This 1as a fortuneate incident a.s it hn.ppened on the fourth of July Hhen no one 11as at Hork on that clay. There Nere m::my n.ne AmETican Citizens living 1n Culebra nmong them ':I ere as far as I cn.n remember, The Bevingtons, Tra.s dorfs, Ramoeys, Connellys, HiCf.).ns, :-ieehans, Littles, and many others. Gold Hill at one time looked as if it would just topple over e.nd block the Cn.nal, hm1sver it 1-1as not so as every.-_ :: '. r_

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Riley, T. H. -p.2 thing was done to prevent that. I o-1itneseed water pouring down by means of large hose \lashing ewe.y loose earth that may have causedaerious elides. This water pouring continued for some time, but the slideo continued none the lese. Coming to the end of the natural digc.ing of Culebra Cut, a portion of earth remained Gold ll111 and Cacaracha, in the center of the Cut. It was thoue;ht that in letting in the \mter that port1on of earth be vmehed avmy by the force of the '\-later, but it was not eo. The Day came the Dykes were broken and the \ \tater poured through the Canal, and. with the exi te:nent of every one the Hater remained divided \"lhen it reached Culebra, where this portion of earth formed an island, Col. Gailliard must have been very much upset at this point, o.nd the dredging of this part of the Canal went into full force, Barges upon Barges loaded with rocks and dirt were daily seen to and fro through Culeb:f'a Cut. Speaking of Bridges, there was a tempo;ry ;,.' bridge across the Canal betv1een Culebra and Empire, but transportation was not on a large scale as far as I remember. The building of the locks was cne of the most important project in the Canal construction, tlus was done by the 1cCl6ntio l-Iar shall Company. tien workin5 these locks received better pay than the average ln.borers in those days, but ware faced \t1th many accidents specially operating those Electric drills. From time to time men \lere seen returnin3 home earlier., from 1-10rk than usual due to the fact, some one fell from -the Bcaffold rthioh resulted 1n death, and in such cases work \tould be suspended for the balance of that day to show respect to a fello\v torker. The family of those men 1-1orking on those looks were aluays fearful as to 1ho may be next to :fall, The digginG of the Panama Canal is a wonderful accomplishment, lihen taken into the many presea of operation; a railroe.d traclc hs.d to be laid for the steam-locomotive with at least four or five dumpco.r-s attached The steam-shovel keeps up dirt and reeks filling those cars one by one while the train mov-es along gradually placing each cnr in range with the shovel to be filled, Hhen all hB-ve been filled the train pulls out to places desi{!natGd for the dumping of these materials. The next train folloHs to be filled in like manner day by day. The shoveling of these rocks and dirt was not always easy, for those shovels, hence it was nee essary L-JI-.. ____________ .. -I .. l ... F. i. I '1

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Riley, T. H. -p.3 to use dyne.mi te bl8.st to so f:.. en up rocks and solid earth, Gangs of men were employed with electric star drills boring holes in rocks and solid earth in preparation for the dynamite blast this continued until the desired depth of the Canal was .attained. The men lWrking in the powder gang suffered many ce.sualities. The digGinl and opening of the Panama Canal was not all to ge accomplished, there were juneles converted into eood res1-dent.1e.l areas by dumping, and eood sanitation throughout the entire Canal Zone from Colon to Panama. The Break-Hater at the Cristobal harbor entrance is a visable feat in the Canal con, ... i! struotion, and was built no doubt from rocks and other ials dug from the Canal. There 'rlere changes 1n the running or the trains from Panama to Colon and vise-versa, Oulebra, Empire and Lascascadas were actually isolated from the main linf;l ;;-;,. hence it .,.,as necessary to a shuttle service bet1-1een .. : : Pedro and Paraiso. The train leaving Paname. for Lascascadas had to await the train leaving Colon for Panama for the transfer of passen[ers or other materials destined to these Section in question. These transfers 11ere made possible. by means of a S\:ingin(! bridt:e at Paraiso, this Bridge swings open forthe passine; of ships and closes for the passing of the trains. This alone is a job well done. The Panama Canal was officially open on Aut;Ust 15th 1914 with the s.s. Ancon as the first ship to transit the canal from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ccean. In closin.::;, I join 1-1ith all of Fo.:1aum with the chorus of God Bless America for the God-inepir ed ability in building the Panama Cane.l, and rnal,ine; Pane.:na such a healthy place to live in. r:espectfully submitted, T. II. ElLEY D .ft. 6294 --. ----------.. ,, I ,, -' L.

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Robinson, Samuel A.; Colon Fest Gffice, Colon, R.P. I comencing to 1-.sork heare in the construction of this Panama. Canal sine e the year 1904 it >aa title as ICC. Hy first Job \vas. tender, up the Gol hill cut and true the other years true n.ll the epclemeck Black fea.ver msla.ria. feaver mud &: rain:.up to the compleetion Hhen v1ater v1ae let into the .... Canal I also uork for the P .RR an till I 1ms retyred in 1952 Streate service no reduction in force. Hy Bosses Whom nnmes I o;::.n remember, heare I mention Hr. Oiner, 1-1r. Terrie, Mr. Gelean, Hr. Rasom, li!I', Shiee;ley, 1-lr. Ceneade, lo!r. Seaschen on memey others in the P.R.R 1-lr. Beard, Nr. Blunt lr. Shafer, ',,. Mr. Burgens, Hr. Heel, Hr. Fostar, ft,r, Nolen, Nr, Woods, Ur .... .. Stone & meney others name that I ca.n.remember at this present. time of writing Deare competion Editor of the isthmian Historical Society, I remain yours truley. .-; .. -... SAHUEL A ROBINBON 1----------------------------------------' ., ; I -r I I I I 1 l L l ........J

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............. ----------Rodrigues, Nicolas; Eocobal, R.P. Qulero informarlc nl[;o sobre de oue me Sol1a1tan an au notita qua recl.bi Sl. no me esqul.vooo.ae Porque an aee tiampe estoy muy ;ano, pero si me racuerdo qua comenaa a trabajar como aguatero en' la cons truce ion del Canal como en el ano 1912 algo : ael., No me Secuerdo muy bien leo no:1bres de loa Pririlaros Jefe que tuve, Tambl.en me recuerdo que por el ano 1912 o el 1913 trabaja en el departamentos de l.nseniero con el ?rincipal Jete que se llan:aba o se llama 1-:r >lorberis me recuerdo qua en la. construcclon de las trochas del Canal tarnbien tr.aeaJe con un Jefa que sa llr,m!:'.be. Hl.ster Jandro acarnpamentado per las Nontnnas, tambian.me recuerdo en las construcol.on de trincheras con un Jefs que sa lle.;n.J.be. ;.11ster Fl.tar tambien me recuerdo que trebaje en el Cc.nal con un Jefe que> llamaba !Hater Bacha No ..... '.". estoy segurc en que ano perc fue en la conetrucclcn del Canal, .. : ... tambien que trab?.je en el i)eprsto.mentos de la Ray Ral con un Jefe que se llamr>.ba i!ister Canali me recuerdo que tuve otras J efc en lc. Pc.nc.!:la Ray Pal ee llJ.maba i,\ist ar Andajudl., tambien me recuc.rdo si no r!le eoqul.voco trabaje con un Jefe en las exobesas de Pedro ese Jefe ae llamaba !Uster Sam tambien trabaje como Brequero de trenes de tierras del canal perc no puedo recordarme el nombres de los Jefes de e9e tiernpe pero tambl.en trabaje en el Canal con un Jefe que 8e llamaba lUster Brall; Varies Jefe quE: tuva mas perc no puedo recardar.:na al nombres de ellos, perc eso fue como per el ano 1911 o hasta ahara por el uno 1929 que tro.'oa,je en la Campania de Alas Juela con un Jefe o_ue se llsnn.b2. ':J.ster Yaimar tamblen tro.baje con un Jefe en ;nismc:. compa!,ias que ee llarr;aba l-11eter I3oeman basta la fecha o_ue fue ervidor .. .. -------... ---------------t. t .,,., ,., : ;, ... ,.,,. -.

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Rouse, Joseph; no address given, postmarked Balboa. I landed here on_ t.he l8thmus in the year 1905. I cannot remember the month I 1!:-te put off c.t the oection which vras called Gorgonia where I \'Ins camped and fed. The next day I was presented
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------------Rouse, J. -p.2 for the llecha.nical Division and during the 1\'orld 'dar 2, I from Sunday to Sunday as a moi1thly e:nployee l-!ith no relief, Fespectfully Yours sisnature typed DR ll256 i .. : J D L --i L.-&.------"-'-------. --

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3 Ru1z, Obdulio; 4th st., Amador Guerrero Ave., House #3026, Room 20, Colon, R.P. I err:tved in Panama in 1910, I v1ent to Pedro I.Uguel and started to v1ork as a laborer (pick and shovel) with one Y.r. Walker; from 6:30 a.m. to 5130 I lived in the I.c.c. camp, about 150 men, slept in a canvas bunk, at times I passed' a good night, and other niv1ts the laborers kept useless noise playing cards, etc. etc. I Norked very hard, and my salary was only 13 cents per hour, there 1as a kitchen close by where I took my meals, the food was fe.irly e;ood and clean, and I ah:ays had a belly-full, The laborers in general 1-Tere all well-behaved; of course on account of. the strict lm-1s and constant vigilance of the pollee."' officers. A year later I was transferred to Niruflores as a carpenter helper; I had an accident 1hilst Horking, a piece of steel fell on my big toe, e.nd 1-1as aent to Ancon Hospital, there I remained three months; thanlw to the food nnd kind help of the American doctors. I then returned to Pedro Nir;uel, and the boas sent me to a material'bodega. to work on account of my sickness, There Has plenty of rain in those days, at times I v/Orked with Hat clothes, rnf1.laria fevEr Has very common, and several laborers qied; the doctors gave ms liquid quinine about three times a ''1ek to stop the fever. In general, I nave to thank the Ameriqan Gover-n!oent, for I had a clean plac a to sleep, fairly go9d food; nnd a e;ood hospital to rest when sick and kind and competent doctors to deal with at all times. The e.bove-rn-j.tten are my experiEnces and working and living condition durine; those days. i.espEctfully yours, ll3DLJLI0 i'\JIZ .... I -----------------------------, ....... ...__ .... -----. __ ._.__ _.,-:,,_""---. j

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Se.ilsrna.n, I-h.1lip llillnd; Ga.mboa. Post Office, C.z. I came to l'n.n:-,ma on the third of j,!v.y 1910 I work on the Isthmuo during Cnnal cunntruction for the Engineering Division at Gatun. Livins nnd workinc condition wasent so good. I work on the Dock load j.nr; an unloadinr' Ships. I work for the drudgeing division on drudse No 86, an for the Solidreo at Frankafield then for the Sanitary Cane no 47. Termination /\U[5UBt 27, 1928 to go in Farming on a la.nd License. In 19L15 I hought war bond to help subdue the enemies. I am a Jamaican Born Gctober 24, 1891. Their is not one .lldministration of the La1s of men has one dot of guilt n.fw.inst the life I live, I'iy u;rea.test delight in life is honesty to Jehovah God Him \iho is the Author of life and the mu.J{er of liE,ht. Truth is the only road that lead ..... to the Blesslne; of Almishty God, .',.:.,;:, .,. ..... ........ --:.--_ ... : -::_;:;.-:::..

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St. John, Clifford; Bldr;. 908L!, lOth st., P.oom No. 5B, Colon1 R.P. I am a native of B:c.rbnld l!ill, 1 e;ot my foot injured from a rock falling from the hill, as a result of which v1as sent to a Rest Horne, 11hj.ch was the cuztomary procedure in those day a, The injury did not improve duly, and I \vas sent to Ancon Hospital. hbile in the hosoital one of the nurses was instrument al in securinc 1rk for me there (having e;ot th'l sanction of Dr. Herrick). 'here I IOri{ed for approximately t.yc yea1s. 'I'he :.Je.xt. JUO .-ms with the Fannwa Railron.d Company, running telephone Hires from Panarna to Colon. 'hie job I held for approximately three years. At that time I lived in box cars along the line. Thene cars kept moving from one location to another. "n'hile working at Grancle I contracted Typhoid F'ever. Ae a result I r!aB bosoitalized for a period of about a month in Colon Hospital. After being diebharged from the hospital I did not return to the same 'job, instead I got a job with the .Panama Railroad as a Ha tchman. !IJY duty liBs to a barge which h3.d been loaded Hith barley. I developed Black Hater Fever by dr-inkinc the vnter on the barge. I 1-1ae again sent to Colon Hospital and Nas con:f'ined there for two months. Upon my dischur13e from the hospital I lived at Cal!lp Beinr and 1-lor};:ed as a Lonc;shoreman at the Cristobal docka. I later r,:ot a job in Catun for the Isthmian Canal Commission {I.e .c.) betl1een 1907 to 1910, as a File Driver, driving Trussels from Gatun East Bank to the Spilhmy across the Che.eres River. This job was completed in 1910. During that year I eot a joo; with ilcClinkett-Harshall, run ning a Reamer for borinc; holes into gP-tee to put rivets. This ::: L.J.. _____ ----'

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I \ -st. John, c. -p.2 job lasted for about four months. While \;orking with this outfit I a man fall 85 feet to his de!'.t.h. The same could have happened to me but I Has saved when someone held roe back. I several short-term jobs ti;ersr..fter-, inclu
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7 -------So.nohez, Silvera; Ave. A 10-B, Estrada, Panama, R.P. I Hr Silvera Srnche.z came to Panama in the year 1908, .started to riOrk as a waterboy from 1908 to 1'?09 return to the same di via ion in 1910, I wo.s transfer to :>1andin5a In' by for the sam mincipal Diviaon, I had reach the age of maru1ood, we were building the prison for the prisoners in Jl.andinga after r1e had fii].iah this job I started to v1ork riith the Eng. Divison as a level man unt11.the job was finsh all of the labors and their family left the lines for Panama City to live. In the year 1913 I started to 1qork for the I .c .c running pipelines from Gamboa to-iUraflores one of my grll:n experiences I had 1a when had to dump c.er.Jent in the Bucket fro mixing and the crane come and take the cement to small and ther dump the cement in. the pillars for the 1-!iraflore locka if lis did not ... ,;,{/: take good caution many of us could lose_ our life, the people in those day l'lere polite and friendly, o.;tso the living condition was very t;ood. \1 e all 11 ve in the camp. I also work for the army in 1913 vlhen they l'lere fortify Flamenco Island, I also \'lark for the survey section for about 3 months return to the army forti:t:y the Flamenco Island in Taro point, Colon, Sir this is rihat I could reco.ll at this moment hoping for your reply, Yours truly SILVERO SANCHEZ / ----____ _:___ __ '. _,;;-;. i\._' ; L. I. -.-,.. ,:J, ..

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--------Simmons, Edgar LleHellyn; Residence Bldg, #34, Rio Abajo; Post Cffice Estafetn Parq_ue Lefebre. Unto. 1horn thio may cor.cern i:o the I sth;;:;ian JUs tori cal Socl.ety. The belcH sie;nature here hy do highly appreciate and praise the sponcorc of such a e-.reat compettition in order to find out the limit:od time and Kork, or 1-'0l'lr places, and the sort of 1'/0rk, and ,.;here firct began. It 1ras 1908. Yes! sir, on the 26 day of the afore mentioned year 1:o steam out of the little harbour called the Carll.sla Bo.y at Bo.rbadoes, It vras on the Mail boats called the l1adalina on l>'hich 11e made the trip. \"is made about three stoppage, if memory affords me rir,htly. One at Safforn-. nilla, L8. Guira, and ce.rtaEane.. !1ft er a fe1-1 more d.ays and nie;hts, we finally reach our d1est.in.ation Colon. It about 4130 to five o'clock lihen vl6 docked. They huddle us up in box c3.rs, I tr\ink it vias. ,;ell, e.bout an hour and a half had elapse. vlhen an n.r,;ine bearing I .c .c. No. 614 couple on to us, and 1-1e were on our way, I re;nernber passing e. fel'i secoions of which a li ttls one ms call Lion-Hill. As 1 rolled along, ... ;. the train carna to almost a dead stop, olorrly iwoving A-long;: to rrhich I heard after thc.t it was a Dlaoe called Black Swamp and the train ha s to slo:i dow-n. From .. there vre carne to little place called A."lorca n Sp:J.n1sh name. Then to Bohio, and Fr1ojoleo, then Tabernilla, of which I think they drop off so:ne E::mnnc,rentc. Tilsn as the next and final one for me (San Pablo) The G'.'Onine; of the flrst day of June 19o8. It l11l.S just about 6 to 6:30 in the evening, 11hen we ltere grected 11ith quite a fmi white friends .usc the little bride:;12 1c.s s"rining from side to side. 3o, yt1u crm .1ud;::e for yourselves v:hat it was like, i.e., if any of t;Je ,;Jtite folks ar.; yet alive 'rlho remember the 11ttl':! co.ble bride;e across the Chagres River. So, nfter beinc tqld ofthe hour to turn out the follmtii1..g day, lie took to car.1p. i-lorning came, and at six 11e got reC'.dy. Just n \1h1lo P.fter a v:histle ble1-1, He turn out only to ;;1ect sc<,Je ,;;11 te f:;cocs a.[.:!.in. This time they ha.d time books, ps.dc, anC. chGcks, 2.nl1 also meal ticl,cta, ect. ebb. >lere linsd up i11 tHO long lines cls.d to the best of our ability. They bo2.::;<:m to ev.:;ry other until they had about i .. ---__ __u

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---' --Simmons, E. L, -p.2 12 or 15 men, hn.ndin13 them picks aml shovels, eo, off they went. I did not see them ae;aln until evening, The same thing "e"ent on pickin every other. By this another man came, not a rrllite man, one of our C\m ,;est Indian fellow IJen came smilin5, looking me in the fe.ce, I nm1 beliE"ring I would fair off better than v1ith pict: and shovel, follow me, he said, about 9 or 11 of us left, to my surprised I was a spade and to a \\estern dumn ce.r i;e Hent. It 1w.s loeo.ded ltith coal,. he made us put the coal on one,eide, then knocked off a ring around a link of cbe.in, and not a.;are of lvbe.t 1ould happen, euddenly I -.rc.s up to l'lJ knees ir coal. Pulling my feet out, VIe began clearinf3 the track to puch the car out. \:Ia finally got through. After that, I thini-: we wmt on to load up a steam shovel; o.bout 11 or 12 oclock wo took lu!Joh, and one .. oclook we turn b(;.ok rrith the eame wood and coiJ.l to Which we made our first day, Next day, we were off laying do1m ties for track line. We oornpleteq another day. By this time, my friends nad heard that I we.a'at 3an Pablo They came for mq i I .. _..1 ., ;...._ ,; ; :.. .... : ., ., .1 I q.' and by a even oclock that evening I 1m a in Tabernilla My ', ;-:'.-'. friends took me to their ,:aos<.e 1 s. One called Bungo, and the other one 'l'iatson, colored men, they were. But Nr. Bunge, I I stood with him for some time. Finally I decide to look for my father, i:ho 1-re.s here from 1906. I had heard he were at the Inclian Bfl.rracks. It was right \\'here the Corunda Hoepite-.1 was; for two day I did not find him, I steal into the camp the first ni(!ht ;:-..nu slept until next I was off again, finally I met a friend and he told me he were over in 21 Street Central. I found .him, so, ai'ter resting up a. little, my father e;ot a \rater boy Job for me, just where the' Corunda Laundry ere norr, on a dump call Tiv,oli dump, from ;rhich I 11ao transfered to ll. e;an!.'. called the floating gang \-Th1ch used to cut di'a1ns to leac'. off 1mter settling around the sections. Vie reHcll e.s far as Pedro Niguel and was laid off, this was.?,:some part of 1909. Not doing anything I lfent to Nayfloirers; The morninG 'llben the tunnel f'ell 1n, I was stopping o.t a cousin, Juli:>.n Phillips, rie;ht under the banlc. I 1ent up o.nd had a loo)' They said only one mP..n 1as missing. Well, about a week or so nfter, 1 decided to return to Te.ber nilla. I took tile trn,l.n labour and sot off at I'e.raiso, I 1alking do1n throug,h the Cu.t until I had reach ;,;f!.o:J.ch1.n, Hhere I began the tract line rla1k. I fin.'llly reach rabernillc. around 2 I put up 1n Camp until next mc.:cs1il1E:: from llitich I v.ent to the little yardoffice ran by f,iec1calfe, while Hr. George \1'asner, Silver and !4r, Herrnc..n w<;re tract .:roreronns under Greensla.dee, as Chief of Section, if I .reu;ember r1gh11.ly. So, ilr. Silver p1ok me this I i ___ '--1 I lo .; : I

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Simmons, E, L. p.3 time. \fe iere divided up, Barbadian Jamaicans, an.rs, vlhich are composed of about 15 flatcar, Than, in 1910, Jccnuary I decided to e;o to Gatun \-there they he.d beco.n the Spill-w9.y job. They took on 3 shifts of -men, firo-rr;en nnd ensinoers, l\B they ,1ere calletern dllmp ce.r. Come back, liaita in the clare 1'or orders. All this under supervision of l>ir. and Huv1es, if I remember the latter man rightly, The-shifts were split up a eo. in, and some were layed off. lll'. Keater put me 1-1ith !1!'. Jolm Hannah na tender up the weot. wing wall, .. 1here they \fare dump up the hack fill. There was a man called Tolia operates a derrick there wllich lifts the concrete : buckets from flatcars <.lra.;n by en5ineo, from the m1xture, These s,nall enginGB o.re couple to tv:o little flatcars, each car a bucket 11or!s: llere ls to look out for trains, the derrick, and ths concr-ete enp).nes. I has 3 flags, BI"ean, yellow \nd red, I keep my eyGs on tile 'l'm-;.;r. If a. green flag are sticking out o1' the I 11 e:i ve Mr. Tobey my red tlag, If any obstructlon that may not bG clarsd in ten or .15 minutes, Ill 1ave my red flag to the To;;er to hold the train, ;.nen all o.re clared I giv& tc..:e my gieen flat; to proceed on. Well after Hround fur some time, I 1:ent a.nd EOt a job in the powder sang at Gr.tun, 11hu.e a.ll thooa hugi:J. trees were blown up .vith dyl!amite that I svcc8c;;
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3 ( : :. : SiQmons, E. L, to jump in the river that run c],::;,:n to the old Pump Stc.tion and hide ourselves under the ,.;ild :nnngo roots until all 1a over, So, it 1-ms oomGthing to -.-;atch and see th(l pisces of trees,-flyinG in tl1e air. 'l'hcy ;sed to call us the fire ha(Ss. After this the rer.:;ul"r (:;;:\!1(5 pile it ;;p. Then days, or \HlClrs nfter, e -the sn;ne \IO'lld e.o around v;ith crude oil End a lons br:J.sg ):.orch, spilling the oil all ever the hee,p, tben apply our torch. Sir, nnothcr.iiell roar again. Again, you may p--:trC.on r.e. J,ncJ [O, day after day and Heek aft HeGics, nonths after tJonthc, we ..-ent on piling up and burning u.p until ;e had plc.co 1-rhere for.-ns the L:1ke no\f, 1 t :-;ere all clarGd of trt::GG, After this the 5<'-115 Were scattered about, o.nd sOLJG 1m.a lr.yed off. Just then I decided to leave Gatun. l:!ot many d!lyo p:!Goed by I left for Las Cascadas ,' It was Februo.py cn.r ly, 1911. Hhen I got up at i .. Cascadas I \vent around the yard office. One of my friends pointed rna out to Er. Sarnet to the yc.rd I spoke to him, e.nd asked him if he c;:>vld help me in a job as brakeman, \fuere did you 'r:Orli:sd last. At Gntun Sir I.e;ive.him my cleax:ence. He asr-isned. me to Enc;ine 246, dmm in the Cut a.t ste:!.m 263, Conductor HG3.rtw1g, and. Snsinecr Jungle... ._-,., __ ;_ .. After a short t ilile, I 1ras put on En5ir.e 603 running to tun, .. : .... Conductor I.,annin3 and Dealand Engineer, The eneina trent in the shop, I was :rut on 26lJ 1:ith a man na.:ne Paliner, uoed to a thick soul :1hoe. I dont re1nember the :Sn[3ineer, name. l!fy tre.in 1:as e up of 25 srr:all 1fest ern dump car, running to Caim1ta Jv.nct1o:; O'-' dump. One :;;crnir.,s after our first load out, 1hen He rsturn they Gave ,1s a r1gbt-tr..rouY:l flag to Cu.lebro at 228 anC. ra.c1n;; other, they load you in about 10 or 15 minutes. \;'hen t;ettine; ready to pull out, vre receive !1E\Js tJ-:at Lirio t.r1-d f ln. Llrio is little river, e.o I 1ould call lt, nort;J east of EEJpire Sridge, I think, :rhey r1ero too IE'.lch i:a.tcr in the C";lt no';l, So, 1;a got on at tc;;er 11 to cut of'f, r'Jn G."'ound and to Balboa, but, apz-1vinE at redro ye.nl r.::;.st.or Gillram to head in at ;.tayflowers d'.lmp, the plc:.ce _v;blci1 are now call Fort Clayton, On our wuy back He e:ot to tic up Ht P.:dro l-iiguol, Ene;ineer and Gcnduc:tor \Jent bac:.t to Lao CascaC.as, while I remained at 1-lig'-lel :mder Gillam, as reliev1l1G brake-man at times Finally I 1as I-Ut on the' s;;itch ene-.1ne. Chane;e to n1cht, up and. filling up tanks for next day. Again I lIE>.s put bacJ: on day spell, run::inc to Flemenco dump, all that place norr ca!l.l Fort Ai:in.cJor and La Boca, we dump it up. Soon after I aqs sent to ;;:c.yflo\lers uncl.Gr Pen;rann as yard mast<:r, to t:crk Hith Jerry, c.nd :-iuldotne as Conductor on Ens1ns 298, ;;l:ich pulls t110 flat care, lvith st<'!el tanks on them. Our 1ork 1-ras to 30 to Val .Fm.o.iso and fill those ,-' I i 1 ... I I t I L ,j ,. ... i 1

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S1illillons, E. L. p.5 t::>.nlw, nnd di!.ltr1butc it up at Coro;\al, Deablo, Balboa Rnd part of Ancon. Tl1on c;o <:end run labour train from dykes siding, also rnn us !:l:'.tbr1r:l tr2-in. tl.mo aftar, t'o J3a.l"::J09., HbEl'E: I e.c.;v.in r!lGt 'lr. GilJ v.m. He tt[EC.in put me on the sHitch enEine, lThore I ended ti"e in transportation in 1914t in tlccrch. r .. bout a no nth or so rolled br. Hot \Wrkin,g, I a Cl11.rc!1Ce Jonee 1-1ho took me aboard the tl5 dredi::;e. About six oclock the CUl)tl'.in do,rn !l.nd Jones said to id.rn. He e.stGd me a few.queRtiol111. Firstly, cnn ycu IJU.ll e. ton.t'i I did not what to say. Anyho;r Clarence tt,ld him Ill bralc0 him in chief. So, I was on. Cltwence H8l'ned me not to e;et in tl.le way, 11hen I eee the rt captain (:'cine auhore, becmHJe an:tone he oec first got to jump in the boP.t, no I hid? until tell me I am ok, Fln:o.lly I \!8.8 p;:;.r'.ly p_ l,'o. 1 F!!ln different to a fello',t oall yallow. Bill Be1vin CG.ptain, und JordR.n as chief ;;;ate, bet t ep klloNn r. o era::! ker Js.c 1'. ':ie up !tl brook Fi sld Balboa Flat, Corur.da, and even nec.r tl!lder present beer factory at now. we oturted, it W(\B out tn the Channel until 110 re:.oh up under ti;e Captain of Port Eu1lclin!3 This 1as up to the end of 1911;, \I' ell a ion came, ftnd some o! us \!::>S layeo_ off. Jobs sot scarcE', a couple of months efte:r" I henrd of a little .lob opon at Ua:'lb0a, chi;:-pine; nnd painting ba.rses. I succGeC.ed of on. It He.'! toue;.h, pounding the dec!{S all aa.y rTith eleidze ham!:lers some na]j:s b_alf day, d.',rint cone b9.ck, one d-'lY, cc:nr tHo dc.ys some fnll sick of t;Je red lead .:JDd the J10t sun, so;ne on acccunt of the :Scat-swain call llunce.n. !lo time to blo.t for him, I fi[!,ht a long bee au s e I was in kneed, I ncver paid him any mind, finally they rs:.aove him and put hL-n on Clapprt 6 as Captain. He reccou:end me to ::r, Gratz trllero I cir'o ms.de Eoats;m.in or sa8e gant;. Gcol'ge S. Yate-s as f5El1Eral forc-1:-:a.n, \'!rapper crc.nEman; ... lso G-11119, anot.h;c;.o off c:.:2.i!1. 1t 1r-.e here ths.t I he=d of the Ger.:iJ,:n boc,ts job. I tried, bu.t to no &.>ail. 1 hea.rd it ..;as Jor0?..n on therE' <:!8 cl1i0f r;:J.te. so, o:Je ;nornins after plol:1ng a few men, H.P E set orCers to clear the deck for they were bu:'1dreds of ,:,Gn t1 }'ins, but, my m:.y throu(5h the cro.d, I ;;w.nage to rE:.ch tl:e h;uT icansr.:iect \:hEre Jordan \o;(?.s, I shouted h:Ln, Ch :.\r, .,7or<':'.n, He in tc1rn told Captain C'.tuc..rt, h:sre is a [::Cod :e?.n. l:Gll, J \i<:cs in s. job acain. up the Captain room and Chief mate room, which was Jordan room. Sc:ccti;ues I am on the 4 boats, cle.ck, --.. ---. -------------------------------------------,'1. ... I \ \ i I I

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S1mmono, E. L. -p.G the m: to climb the mast to put up the or:mll calbe to the uireleso unto. No one volunteer to e:;o. They HUG 2.fr:J.:ccl. the Germr.ns did oornething up there. Cracker Jack told tJ1em, 1 hired you all ns sailors said, ;iell r.omeon<: 1;lll lln.vc to !.o. l'urninc to me, ':.'hat aqout you, Shine, a ni:'.mc he uned to me on the C5 cl.redee. I ).'::msed a little, looked up at the mast, and then e;J.id, 1111 eo. rie ran to C2.[.'ta1n Stuc\rt, I r;et a man 1;ho Nill eo. lfuo? Tbat fellol'l we c.3.ll Shin. 'i'!le d:1ncerous p;-.rt of it vms about 12 to 15 feet, with ''\nd 17cet. Go I ber.:.n, I r.;ot a. bale of quo.rt,;r inch rope, tied o.round my 1'1t>.itJt and scraper, I:. been.n every body l.ltop and vmtching. Before I got to the last pnrt of the ld.tl of us as J.n escort beco.use of the \'lar. Days and ni;-hts unle trent G.t 21j for our HeEidy v.llo1m.ncs, till the chip wac ren0y for ito retu1n. had a crew of 72, white and black, onl.Y ?2 of uo rEturn Culy diffcreJ,ce v:as we went or on ths Grune:gtlme, nlr:n i:1y Cb:J.rl'i}y !-lunns, ForeHard end .... ,, I'' --------..

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Simmons, E. L. -p.7 receiving Angencies, Thus e11llS the General G. W. Goethals who sold to the Black Star LL1e Company. Well, at home again and doing nothing quite a 1hile. I had. !lome friends on the u.s. Culebro, a.nd one dn.y I cotted notice to come and see Captain HolJard, they about to leave for Peru to tO\i down some German 1 nt el"ll nhip. So I cot on. ii e left, I think it was the 18 day of S
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Simmons, E. L. p.8 sco1-r off Di.'.rien: ;1e 1err; cut loose from the Tipperary and left her hi.'.nging on to the bo Even 1ri1en dumped the scow she still cling on to th<"' bo1-:. The CriGtobal bO\of was ripped as if it 1::\s cn.rdbO:'.rd. :o, c.nt on our 1my \lith the rest of tbtm2.n kllllG U t_lies t>nd picking them also. Sometimes spray in!< \:1t.h :Tener:, of Nhich the arcenic was too harsh, had to put on<: by 1'1 bor'.rds f!.t times nnd walk on the sr:rne lillies. Up tl1c Chi :-Icmtlengo, >iatachin, Basobispo, e.nd many other pla.cc<:. 'f'c _pc::.y wD.s :--."1n.ll, 2.nd the same_ 1e. t er b!'.d for the foot. ;-.;_:, n:: t. ir::el'l you dr-op in the arcenio water, 1hich scratches my fer:. :nlenty, I but I was looking somewhere else. 1\nd, r.o I GtP.rted out on a walk from Gamboa to redro Miguel, I 'topped a spur 40, at 1-lr. Joe.'"----;-, Lindsey, Sie;nnl Llepo.rtmcnt. i'G took my mL1le and 1-1here I live. Any telephone near \!lJer-E' you l:'LJe, ye" sir, the Gravel Plant. I'll eive you a c::.ll OJ. f,nd so he did, I came, and put me on a Speeder, runninc nrO.i!-t::in:'1.nce from Summit to the rail way crossing in Thi: H::t3 about 1921 to 1923 reduction came. But, before l.t cc.,ne I ;-,,ul vl.:>ited I-lr. Dave 1-loore house in IHguel '-'-nd asl,ed him to hr lp me in n job if possible he s.sk lile if I could o. boat, of eourse I can sir, very well, you say you can pull a boat, I dr Pt mel.'.n to pull it with a rope; 1ith oars, 1-1h:tt I lie told me to come around, so, I it uas the 13th d:y of .'l.ur,;ust 19;, and rl3ht as t[J(.' s;:._ip bo1-1, and tur-n ,your bo::.t he;! t.o -. .nr1 "'-'-it for the ship cre1-1 thro you a hciJin:: line, :'.11<1 lt ;-1:'-f\ dons. The other boutrno.n JTIGJ.ntirne no.-: _,_ co >oc.t to j,elp me. Then Hr. FJ!:I::o Hent 1
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,, E. L. -p.9 \f.ben I retired in 1953 October, thus ended my service for the Panama Canal Company. So, to the Editor and Sponsors of the Isthmian Historical :;6ciety, I hope and trust that this Ifill meet your approval emu judgement. EDGAR LLii:\i"ELLYN SHR10NS Dorn in the Island of Barbados B. \i. I. on the 15 day of Dec ember 1886. ..

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Smith, James F.; no address given, envelope postmarked Cristobal, C.Z. James F. Smith arived in the Ismust of Panawa 1906 December 1. Start to Hark on DP.cember 2 1906 Hith Doctor Beard as my boos of the health office my rate of pay at start 1as 10 ot a per hour later on they removed me from 10 ot a. and put me by the month at 5500 uolloure I then on that Salarry until 1950, untill I retire at 1950 they never give any more rais and I never as]>: fo;: any more I uo compleate satiafatory work acording to my boss all the time Silecting gabbage .. in Colon Citty my experience of \IDrking and cost of living was with every boddy in the Fanama Canal and I feel acording to my experience of "the Po.nama Cane.l all have done a very good Job aoording to the traffic that have passing night and day and'we : are fully satisfied of the coodi tion and the proformence of l>e the labours on the Panama Canal and the thankfullneas of the United States of Amerrica J lliIES F. Sitl :l.'H 1

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smith, James F.; no address given, envelope postmarked Cristobal, C.Z. James F. Smith arived in the Ismust of Panawa 1906 December 1. Start to Hark on DP.cember 2 1906 Hith Doctor Beard as my boos of the health office my rate of pay at start \"las 10 ots per hour later on they removed me from 10 eta and put me by the month at 5500 uolloure I then on that Salarry until 1950, untill I retire at 1950 they never give any more rais and I never as]>: fo;: any more I U.o compleate satiafatory work acording to my boss all the time Silecting gabbage in Colon Citty my experience of 11orking and cost of living was with every boddy in the Fanama Canal and I feel acording to my experience of.the Po.nama cane.l all have done a very good Job aoording to the traffic that have passing night and day and we are fully satisfied of the coodi tion and the proformence of l>e the labours on the Panama Canal and the thankfullneas of the United States of Amerrica J /I.!IES F. Sitl :l.'H

PAGE 235

Smith, Samuel li.; Farque Lefevre, I'anawa, R.P. I arrivotnance, higher 1-1agee, better snni ta tion, etc. the construction do.yn l have had the priv1lee;c to tork under tl1e of l!lany governors, including Gov. Goethals, !Jul"t'ens, Edccr-ton, etc., and Gov. 11ehaffey at the time of my ret:Lrcoent in My highest uar;c H:ls ;. 50, ;.nd I had to make !'!any sacrifices to educD.tc my children. The educ:'l.tion ln tllose days \'laB also limited in the Zone ochools. J.;y r:;re:J.ttet expcriGnce ms tho construction of the Panama C.'lno.l, and I l'.ill t.lian prouc1 to be among the !ilany old timers 1-1ho have helped no 1iJ.lingly in e;iving a hand in building this m8.nte1piece. I o.m even ::1orc !l!'Oud to be alive today, thank God, to enjoy the beautiful Gccncry and to rlitncss its import ant p:uticlj::.tiun in commerce to the lVOrld. It is a job 1oll don0, and we must say thanks to God in helpine to m8.lcG this i:onOer a c>Jccess, and a help to tr.a.nkind. Renpectfully, SArmE:L A. S:ITH IF-32863 ------------.

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Thomn.s, Ch:ito a.ctive. I was in the of i'ror, th<: ;.'enr 1913 to 26 February 1916 \ihen I left for ?J:f JDtivc h011e en account of ill health. I h.,epe J 1i:'.S G'lplo" <:tl f'.S r. LflbourGr at Drcll)oa ne;J.r the fonm1r:.' te.lci.,;_o :,.ron n. froCJ "-'' oren to pile thmn up nG[I.r the I did
PAGE 237

Thoinas, C. ::. -p.2 .: 1iY next job 1mo at 13n.lboa lie:lr:hts at the Adninietration Building, l. ltc,rk nround ti Ere frorn the ste.rt ing to finish at ;!.' the foundat1on. :. I Has one time :.1. !:'.lc;.n:>.l .ml'.n n.;.ttinc uncl.cr a bic; tree, there \'IO.C trolly jwt he: .. ].m1 t.>e tree c-.:>out 20 yards a1ay, pulline; up the m::.teri:'l8 :ior the Duiltl.inc. It ;ms Horlred by 11 lone; cable, nn.r _. ..... tLne of the \Thistle both ;nen 1o:'l'e from :Jt. Vjnnent. I lrnew them quite \!ell. My next & f5n .. job l'!r'.S on :,on.rd the Bock i!reaker Vulcan. I stBrtcd to work t. ilr.t the ship ;m.s 1;orkin5, the hur,he :tron rfl.m of the :, .... 3 J:l.tnch :l.nto someth1nr-; at UH> botto;r. o:f the c-.n.l ,' t.:,e m:lc;;,ine of the Vulc:-.n could not r:u 11 the r "r.l The d.:-1_;_ nJ.l th the oi' i.'. J..r! c 1:rqc; that this ':J0rL i;r:.c ln p;_1_1 t. Ll.;e G::;i:tl :-.:!.;--or {)Jc: cn.rne \lith ,;cnt c1cun it Hr.s discovered . lrliin an American, the h.ncinC?or Has one Jt .llncon a Cermo..n .. Hy_ !1 ----I---..... -

PAGE 238

.. ........ \'! .. '. Thom::>.!l, C. job en the; olJ.c;:, thr: dr-.y 1ras nrune Castro, the ni[':ht fjrc: nunb.:r, I believe one 1as l;43S2 CJ07. ::.;1rc, !.n :.>.osc cl.:.yG I \!P.O q;;Ue youne; l: inexperience Ho
PAGE 239

I -. Thomae, Donald 1'1.; 842 Belmont Land, St. George' fl1 Gr-c;-,:,de., B.1l.I. I beg to say from 1908 to 1920, I was employed at the !1dministrat ion Bldg.,: Balboa as Helper to the Official Photogrc. pher, 1-!r. E:rnest H!>.llen, which \iork took me from the Atlant1o Ocean to the Pacific Gcean, maldng picturse of theCane.l. I might say from Gn tun taking pictures of the locka, and Spilhmy, durins Construction, and of the diggings through out the Canal nnd lustly the bloH1ng of the G-amboa Dye, the entering of both irr.t "lra, which site in my estimation cannot be __ duplicated, and lots of minor pictures taken such as the Palo Seco Leper Aeylumn. Leaving the Canal for the United States in America, 1-1here I became an American Citizen. I am today retired and living in Gr0nada, B.1i.I. Hcip1P.g to hear;.' .. from you soon. Respectfully DCJiALD H. THCMAS I I 1-r

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Thomas, Fitz H.; Houoe 2829, 13 St., Rio Abajo, Panama, R.:E'. This is to certify I Fitz H. Thomas arrived on the isth1nus April 3rd on contract as a labourer for the Panama. Canal in 1905. I took residence in Culebra ;:
PAGE 241

Waisome, Jeremiah; P.O. Box Colon, R.P. This is my story of life in and the Canal Zone. I v:as born in J3lueficlds !IJ.ca1 ncua :ln the year Hl95, my mother brou:J.ht me in p:m<.tma 1;hen I 1:as 7 :no11ths old, Hhen I did bad s.ence enou3h I Jme1 th:.t 1e Ht:re livine on the lines they call Rio Gran.round., to '"r>.lte things short my :-iother move over to p:J.nwna, .)w;t HGJ e the local service center was just at the foot of Tivoli !Jotel, there was a lot -of wooden bul.lding f:J.ceinr:; the railro2.d track, that place 1;e.s called i'olvo nuevo, ny stop f>J.t.hcr ;;an a on the pana.oa railroad then he promotcc1 to J.ocot;Jotive encinoer. I could remember Hi1on I started to go to Arte Officio school in panama, in the oGOl'ninr.; He to;o into class, lunch ti:ne at 11 ocloclc and at noon rf\Y 1 oclock He return to school each boys Hill n.nd there pletcc in cliffC'rient shops, Hhat ever trade you se1Gct.f<1, such "-S :r.echanlc, cabinet, or any other tro.de. our teachGrn iIEre ;nostly from spain, and they 1ere very polite. during tlw t:ime soin to school, .the construc-tion of the pa.nn.r.m cam.l 1:ere undenw.y, I sm-1 many of' my :;

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. : Waisone, Jeremiah p.2 friends on pay day u1th a lots of bie; bulbous the temptation were too c:roat to resist, unknovm to my !!lother one morning jnstead of goin to school, 1 1ent to Gulboa to look myself a job, I \Jo.s about the :"'C of 12 or 13 yG.ara, there 1ms no ree;ulation on at thr.,.t. time of the dirt dug from the Cctnul H<:re sent to .Ine did not sr>ell corectly as Jeremiah v!aisome, so I oaid 0xcus;e rnc boss 1oy name do not spell that 1ay, he eave me a cc'd look, e.nd opit a big splash, nnd look bEl.ck at me and s:1iu you little niGt:er you need c. job, I Sl?.id yes sir, he oairl you never try to dictate to a ilhite mv.n, ta}:e that bu.cket over thGre and bring 1ater for those men over there, the kind of r1ork the men Here do.ine. io to ballae the tracl;:, every time a laded train. unloa.d the dirt and rock into the sen. they pullB avmy back to l3orgona or to culebra, to be loaded, a locomotive -stand, -:'''".'" ... ing by a eprr.n..n[:le, dirt can J;le sprEad on 2ithGr sl<1e if it llnt1 t.o, the sprender has got air hose connection f!:'om the locative to oper:-tte it, the conductor operate the r.pead<;r \lith to lover and lift by notches, the brn.:;.e'l:c>.n ;oulcl squcese himself in a hole under the 1ings to put :J. pin evor,y ti.lboc. !JotGl under Hith an alias name tane;lefoot I 1vrk there for feH ;nonths, and. left ae:ain and got another joh at miraflorc:: as a. S\li tch tend or, things 1ere :nichty out tl;sre too, hut I stick it, it means nothint;; to see 1nen [-'et. J:i11 dn.ily, either by train, accident, or explosion by the lccJ.m co.te IH?re built by the ;:.cclintic marolJ.<-:tl r"'rtly Evr::ry do.y ,vou could heil.r the scarfle 1
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Waisome, JerEn1nh -p.3 end track left open by some co.rclsss nieht hustlers, the locomotive v1as goin at full spEed with a labor train of about 10 cars, ru.n throur:;h the sv;itch v1here there vtv.s nbot 5 loded \ientorn dump cn.re ::o.nd, nn.ml holldn.ys, our rate 1m.s about l/35.00 a month, thir. ,;as another d<,tncerous job, drilling rocks at the bottom of the cannl, to tl1e different slides, 1-1e drill by n'.rJt;es, tent to Hork 1.md there uas no drill boat rie:.ht at the foot of fr.old hill \:here r.ost of the trouble \vere another explosl.on bh:H up toric1o number l tha.t bold her over that sent the captain uncl men to tl1ere death, shortly after another boat ., .'a,, built .<.tncl sEnt lould be clm.selng a man that co;urn1t himself in .. !., .. I,

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I \ \ -' Waisoroe, Jetomiah the ::."epublic nnn fort:;ot th .t he ls on the canal zone, he v;ould be both me ::.nd tried by judge blackburn, and for 10
PAGE 245

; i ) ; ,, Webb, SD.nnel; iicEie's !lill, St. Vincent, B.iLI, I a.rrived Oil tie Isthmus of !'<.nn;nn. in Aucust of 1907. I sailc:d on a bo:tt cn.llGd. the "i;(,lcnt." Ln ;ny ::J.rrival I ooon obtains.ll docl: there for unloading stone, snnd c>.nd c e:nent. lle; e ther 8 u ::re fourtc en gat eo whicb were used for the pul')'CDe. of relr:as:i.n:: pr<;):J8\WO fl'om the zuard c;o.tes at tLo soutlle1n of T;l<.i rJfflcors 1re sta tioned nt Gatum. They \ler.c-Colonel Syucrt and Hajor Harding. .,-.,' In tha early of the tonstruction of the Canal, sanitation \laA not very coocl. 'iosc;uitoes abounded and there al1mys the dane,c:of catcllin::; J::,,lo.ria. iievertheless, He Here v1ell tilltEn c.uor. ;:or c'o:netLJe 1 \WJk.r-'0 :.n: th0 lnilcling of tho cubat:.ttion at t
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r I f r t f [ r [ I' [' \iebb, s. -p.2 l continued .. ,orJ:inr; :.t Gatun ;.;i,Gre l 11 VG<1 until 1917. I \lor)ucd bet\l(?cn ;.>t. 'lope 0.nd Cli f.toinl, l:l t!JG ye:tr J.S'13 I :_;ot J:nnie
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So \leeks, Castilla H.; no address siven, envelope postmarked Gamboa. I arrived on the Isthmus of ram.ma on the 22 June 1906, aboard a ship by the name of "Trent". From the ship we were taken to the raraiso Camp. The following morn1nf3, equiped with piclts and shovels we 1-1ere ready for manual labor. There Here no roads, just foot tracks along I'arniso, Pedro Miguel e.nd lliraflores. It appears as if things 1ere just starting, we had to pave the way, building roads and traclcs Hith very little equipment to do the.: necessaries. It appears ac rr there \;ere no natives around. Sanitation ... 1-rae very poor, \'lith very little shelter. It \-las noth1!18 but rF ::L' ,: woodland, we open to sun and rain. Things were eo tough .: on arrival that mr:my Here force to return to their homelands, while othere seek employment vllth private contractors. Many had to cultivate on open lands, in order to have something to live by. The first four years Hale.rie. was to its heights, with just a fer1 doctors and v&ry little medicine, most of us had to refer back to the old realin.ble West Indian home remedies. The fillins betv1een l"araino and Pedro J.liguel to Corozal, was the ep:1ce2.ble filling for Hestern dump, receiving the material from the canal. The rann.:na Railroad Depot 1:as located opposite the Spilllm.y Bride:e, until the nmr relocation in 1909, 1\fter the filli!18 He worked bBck and forth Hith the new relocation {Track Line). A quarter mile from Go.tun Fa.ilroad Station He laid the first Sl>'itch for the nev1 relocation. The job became hazardous when lie e;ot to the t1-1o mJ.le area, this taslt involved the bleat ing of hills Hith dynruaite. One Sunc1ay oorninG, I hac1 a vision and I did not eo to work, a gang of 30 men wer-e carrying t1;o carloads of dynamite, one box ------------..

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' .. I r I -----------------i'ieelni, C. !4. fell off and the \:heels ran over it and everone ims blasted to bits. Only the Gupervir.or 1-:r. C. G. Jones, the timekeeper and myself l'lere saved from the explosion. Fortunately I did not so to i/Ork that tragic mornin0 I must say, it H:?.s only throue;h prayers and the v1orkd of GCD that stoped me from going to v/Orlt day. The ne11 relocation was completed in time to greet President Theodore Roosevelt in 1912. Goine; back to 1906 when I arrived in Fanarna, the President of Panama was Belisario ?arras. From Paraiso to CDvozal they were only foot tracks approximately two feet vi ide. 'rhere ;;as no electricity, the streets v1ere lumina ted with Kerosene Lamp Posts and horse and bue;BY v1ere the only means of transportation. 1 Panama City was extended as far as Casino. Bella Vista, San Francisco, Vista Hermosa, Sabanas, Pueble Nuevo, Rio Abajo, Old Fr. nama, Juan Diaz, Padre gal and many other towns in the .. outskirts were nothing but vToodland. In those days they no lm1 or order in Panama, you mieht take a vmlk to see what the City looks like, and find yourself in jail Hithout comrnitinG an infraction. Not knowing the native languace or the native knowing your language, you was thrown in jail without any with fines beyond your earnines. Henceforth, many of us 1ere fore ed to keep out of Panama City in order not to 13et involved. .. After workine; a short period of time clee.riTlG the woodland in :Portobelo, I vmo hit by llnlu.ric>. for approximn.tely 4 days in the Colon Hospital. After servivnl, I beGan to >lork for the t'iaintenance Division as a sruss barber. Hy first Quartermaster 1:as Jclr. Pat :.1or-5e.n, who died recently. After thinss began to shape up, I started to v:ork for lf
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......... -.. -., --. I' iest, Alonzo F.; Colon Poo.t (,ffice, Colon, E.P. \I I nrrlved here in on the r8th day of July 1912, and tHo days after I e:ot a job in Gatun C6illent Shed over Spillway the General Foreman Here Hr Gay. After being laid off ,, f from there I i;orked for end ilarshe.ll on the building of. the gates in Gatun locks. I ,.,.orked there for Bi!; months at ; .. i ,that time convenience '"'ere very scarce so at times I had to \ climb on rope or cable vrire like .:l.monl:ey to c.et to the acaffle .. ,. .. \!here. I has to uork, but thank God, I s:nr many of rrry comrades ; fall and lay de8.d, but the only re\:ard tbu.t I e;ot .,.as a cut .over my rit,ht eye with a hot rivit and after being laid off .. from there :I: got a job working for the first division. Pulling.:,;::;::,-,-.:, cables that "rrorksthe Fol:er house and under the tunnels. and .. doing electric llork all around and I wor}:ed there until after ;;i',' the opening of the Haterway, then the first thing to, pass :: .. :.: -.... ....... ... thrOUf)l uere the tua qoat Gatun. There liere many rlhite .. around thsre name I really dont remember, but one was ':.' lilr Dslong. After being le.id off from that I did a more-, ';-, : .. .::.; short jobs Hhich did not last long. I 1-1orked on the trans. .' :: =_ ,,.; .,:_ .. 1 mission line, the wires runnilig along the railroad on the /'. poles, the last tl-:o days of the month, sometime in the end of .;:. i _, 1914, and I neveor got no pay for it, it were 13 per hour .' .. ;:,,:J.tE 9 hrs per day. On the Pay day when I went for the check, there -''! was none for me, and I ask the foreman, and he said, maybe ,' through being the last tHo days of the month, that may be.the ............ "' cause of the n;istake, and the next month there \vere none. became the loser of 2.34. And in 1915, February I be>gun to ., .. work on Railroad Docks Cristobal, until 1917 July, I joined the Dri tish &pedicionary force in war I, and went on to Europe. I returned b'-lcl: -here from France July 24th 1919, and; two months later I HOrked age.in on the docks until the end of 1953. Old ase catch up on me and my service Here termino.ted. Please excuse rne for any mistakes, for old a13e takes away I' \ \ rememberance. 1 Rc::o.in Your Servant P.LOJiZO F ,.;:;:;sT \ \ \ \ \ DR no. 6216 ... ....

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f:' I ,, l ,. f I I I I ; ;J. ;3 Wheatley, Simeon T. (Cedula (/13915)i Frangipani St., Bld. 51, Room Estafeta No. 1, Caledonia, Panama, R.P.' I arrived in the IstbJnus in the Jlonth of J.larch 1907. I start to Hork for the canal Commision. The Quarter l-lastsr De partment Corral as a Teamster driving mule 1-me;on. Hy duty \las to Deliver coal, kindle, ice and furniture around the Quarters.;--. of the White folks Sometime Commisary Supplies at a section call Empire over the \'iestbanlt, v:here the main force of the workers live on the Pacific side of the Canal. The \Yl1ite people section were different to the Colored I have to draw feed for the animals to a place that is call Mand1J18a where the ,_ G-overnment raise these animals, horses, mule, and cattle. In the Corral there many Tsamsters employ, and all hauling 1-1ae done by mule and horEJes untill trucks and automobile "ere brought 1n later after the Canal was open August 1915. Sanita-_,-.;:.: tion was very poor and many people died from malaria fever and other ailment such as Dysentry typhoid etc. There were many deaths_ from accident train collision Then they start to build the road from Fort Amador to Flamingo Island through the Sea. Train haul the rocks and debris from the Canal uere use to build the road. 'rhey were people got kill and injured by Steam Shovel, and train in the Canal there was an explosion from a powder house 1here Dynamite 1as kept, not far from Empire Which kill many people, that section was call Baa Obispo. The wages paid to laborers 1aa 10 cents P'"r hour, making 8 and 10 hours per day. Sorue people Hen a paid llonthly v1ages I \iere paid monthly making per month. 1-:ess hall was provided for the Colored liorkers, meals Here ser-ved three times per day at a coot of 20 cents per meal ticket which wer-e pay roll deduction the meals were good and much food 1ms given, Coal Stove were ue ad in these I-iese Kitchen, and also in the homes of the -1hite people They 1-1ere C'TOvernment Schools for the white children and v1e have to drive the:n to and from schools in special The Colored children bad to eo to private school there were also churches. A bridge 1as constructed at Paraiso ac1"oss the Canal from-east to i'.'est bank over which the train ran the old Railroad between Panama and Colon connsctinG the atlantic and Pacific continue in opereration untill the Canv.l vms completed, by that time it hsd required its present route. 8 I M:;;o N T \-THEA T LEY D.R. 3164 .. : ..... -. '. l 1 J I .I i I -l.-I :--i "i i' i f,' l. .. u I r.i n .. i'E! I .i : --' ,_ ------,-----------------I -----:" ---..__-'---

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L I i f. !. .. \ -.: vih1te, Edv1ard Adolphus; Eotsfeta Parque Lefevre; Panama, R.P. It was a very lw5.[,ht P.nd sunny afternoon when I arriyed in Colon on the 213th day of April 1911. Just off the bol'!,t from Jamaica, from the :Pal'ish of \!estmoreland, I boarded the train took me to the little town of J:.latachin, small, but ... crowded. Life buzzed there like any big city. ioiy memory is not: very keen today, but I remember 1:ell the path leading up to the little Zone, because I felt so strange and lonely as I.stood .and watched the children at play on the walk. They seem to have been coming from school or were being guided by a teacher, for the lady came up to me and asked if I 11as a stranger. I replied, and also told her my name. She was very friendly and told me too her name r1as Emma Monroe, and that she was one of the teachers on the Zone, As a young man of 20 years, she advised me how totake' cara,.r.: of myself, where to 1:alk and how to choose my friends .... There were four of us strane;ers, and He lodged with an elderly man in a 11 ttle place called "Banana \lalk," On the morrO\'/ we rose early with the thought of seeking a ... ,.. job. I personally was indeed lucky, as I obtained a position that day in the Sanitary Dept., with Hr. Brown, the foreman, It WP.sn' t much of a job anJ' .. IaY, as they had more men than work; so, vl_ithin a few. weeks I ':
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wn1te, E. A. -p.2 But the time cume ;;hon I had to leuva again and oeek else rlhsre. So, I came up to F>.nd throu[-h recornendation got a job at the Balboa Foundry. I \Wrked there just as pleasant until 1920 when the strike came on, and a lot of us out of r1ork. I rm.s not ciestinod to be out of 1ork for long. It 1ras only tliO months o.fter ,;ben I ae;ain employed P-t the Corozal aoylum. Reduction of force carne in and I "-as off ae;ain, and got a call to present myoelf at the Y. :-l.C .A, I was there for almost two yeurs when I was aGain reducted. I then turned my nose to the Gorgas Hospital. I there but did riot like it. I sought a better position which I obtained at the "Ancon Club House." DurinS those var-ious chanr;es, I also did a few months work at Fort .lunador in waiting at the Service Club. I riOrked the. !\neon Club !louse for nearly ti'IO years o.gain. Hy stay there was not pleasant, co-;;orkors and I did not e;et a long nicely. But my employer 1 s tre?.tment IH:re enccurae;ing. Then, they tr<.nA ferr ed !uo to the !\neon Leundry \;hera I served for 27 years until my retiremrmt in 1954. At the time of r,,y retiremont, I felt I still able and strol18 to keep on workin3 mo.ny more yoars, I vms disappointe-1 and missed the e;oine:; to daily, I also missed the presence of those I used to be 1 th. Ny employers and my fellow-workers, Not that my years of Vlori{iDE\ tbore were all pleasant ones. Some of the times I Hould wonder why do I stlay on'l. But hU.!Dan beings are the same 2.11 the over. \le would be happy one dsy, and trouble-some the next. But in spite of all the indifferences, we stood for each other. The little bickGrincs did not a.lter our another, nor caused any disliko bet\;een us. missod all :ny fol](S, for 1e Here a jolly lot uundry. opinions of one l'ersonally, I at the 1\ncon Naturally, I must end my etlory by !laying my entire life's work :vl.th the j":J.nn.ma C:mi:>.l, stP.rting from the age of 20 until the ripe age of 63 were ploasant ones. Today I am a very sick man, stricken with a stroke for almost three years. But I Qrn nlso a lucky man; for God has ,. I ---------------------,--------rJ

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_, '' I l i Hh1te, E. A. -p.3 provided me 1ith a care-taker who cares me like a baby And n.ll thn.t you good people have done for us, and are still doing, I am most grn teful. The packa13es of food every month, the Doctor's cP.re, the Nurse's attendance, the medicines and the kind pn.tience 1-1lth us ,;ho arc so misorable at times with contin ual pains and complaints, and with the thournt of trying to give us a raise in our monthly salaries, how can I find words enough to express my gratitude in any other Hay, but, by thanking Almi{3hty God for you all. Hay God never ceo.se to bless America, its Presidents, and its people. ;-!,ny "He" ntren13then you nll, and keep you that you will always be able to help us the poor ones, who have to depend solely on tho mercy of God, and the goodneas of the American: People. EDWARD A, \YHITE D.R. 7209 -' -1 I j I J ,.

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\. [ l ( i I .l \ L ,. '' ,. .... ,', i j V11ll1ams, James A.; Justo flroseme!la Street, Post Office Box 4673, Panama R.P, I endeavor to Eive a brief hiotOl'Y of my experience 1n the old construct ion per 1od of the I. c. C. days, I illmded on the -4th day of 1-\:J.rch 1910 in Colon, on the s.s. Hetapah, 11lth my Aunt Fro. Gresnidce, \vho had her home in the Section called S<>.n I'ablo, c.z. liar house rie;ht ar.;ainst the hotel. my-< first job that I tackled 1as janitor for the l!'-bour camps !n that !Jection under ;.rr. Farr as the District Quartermaster:, ... As a boy in those days I find the.t I \iaS not so qual1-.;: .. fisd uith that 1{1nd of work and the Foreman"Mr, Farmer shifted me over to the Subsi3tont Department as a Helper in the Kit;:;" chen 1n Bald Section. San Pablo. There I had to work 12 and 13 hours each cln.y. This place was oituated on the bank of the Sha(5rGB River, >I here mosquitoes frequE'nt especially. at :. ni(,hts, Consequently, I be5an to 5et fever, .. One morning the Doctor. ma};ing hie usual visit to the kitchen some one re:ported to him that I am having fever, The Doctor i::;mediately advanced to me and my pulse; I could, :_,_.,. rer.il8mbsr he said to me "you a.rs goin13 to be sick boy," go .. r1ebt over to the "Sick Camp" and tell the ClGrk to 1rite you up to the Hospital, riEht n way. He further a.sl;:ed rna, Are you a God fearing Jrlied yEs. i-Ie said to me you are soins to die. It hear time for the midday train and the Doctor run over to the Sick Camp and assisted to 1vrita up the necessary papEr3 and I 1ras placed on the train to the Ancon hospital. Dr, Beard the nan;e o-f the Doctor in that Section. I was placed on a bed pn the train to the hospital all the ray and l'lhsr. the train arrived in the Panf!.ma station, there 1ere many horss dra1:n arnbulc.nces awaiting to receive the patients to the hosptial. We thE'n arrived in the big \iar-d 30 to be lined up and a very pleasant Ao1erice.n nurse riEht on the job and started to fee-l the pulses and assir::ned each patient to the different bsd, As 1 notice when shs Cctrne to me and took m_y Le.nd, she appeared to be fri[.htensd and s]1e called to the Crderly a!ld said to him do not put this patient under the shol'ler, 13ive him a bed bath, I l:ondered to r.1ysalf ;:hat c.s to 1-1hat is this bed bath. Because I had l1CVE'r' been in an Hospital before. HOIiever, I 11as escorted to the ".lard by the Crdarly St. Hill and he turned rna over to one ;,;r, Piercy rie;.'I-Jt from my horne in Portl2.nd, J.'1.'1laicl:'., 1-i .I. but ,;e at th8.t ti;;;e did not recoe;nized each othGr. St. Hill said to Piercy, Give this pn.tient a bed b2.th. \fhile kept Hondering in my m1nd what do they mean by this bed-bath when I saw this 1t,r, Piercy --------i \:' i i I i ,._, I I I w.;:;
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.. : :--:::-::: -"iii----. .. : <;, ... .. ,' .. .. ; : ..: .... ; Williams, J. A. :-P < .. ... ,. a heavy er-proof Blnn}ret 1n the bed e.nd t1,.0 buckets. --,, .,. .. F:'.\' :>:<: of heavy crushed lee and sevBra.l buckets of-ltater.and .. )'":';'/>.even the courtesy as to consult me but stripped me naked l).nd ;':: .. :, :. :: threw me in the. t cold d E'D.dly 11o.ter To be truthful;. I cou:J.d not any longer live. However, he gave me :a t11uruu>-at > I felt glad as I thousht it 1raa some cool water wh.,:oh .. ',,;_.so much the need o.nd the kindly Nurse handed 1t to m.e :F,;:.; :_;_:'.:.said drinl' it.: So thirsty for a drink of water, I .. '"and asit ree.chad my lips it was down my. stomach. I :tell ... .:.you, I'had never before tasted anything so terribly'bit always hearine; about Quinine but' I thought it :Was' .. ,:..tasty and nice Anc1 every hours I wss dosed with t .. :bitter liquid night and day and instead of getting rid .. "' .. the fever it \'las e;ru.-rine; r1oree. : ,., : .. =.):-;;,: .': : Then the nest thine; that ho.ppened r wo.s :placed.i,n'rront the. Hur-se1s desk and a bas1n 111th clean water ... 0':::.--on the stand-beside me, I then thoug.ht it was water ., .. :. there for me to drink As I :felt thirsty at the time I _.::.._.,_. ;: .. my''hand and took three hand full three times and ... "when I heard'the Nurse called to me and saked whst;.thatyou>:/". .. ,: do drink it?, I oould not answer her but I saw \then she 'picked,. .... ;;j; .. ... up the Telephone I really did not know what happened .. .. discovered e.bout five Doctors over me and find myselr..;:.-. ;,.: .. :Y:: .. ::throwing up. And a fa\ hours after I was settled .. ;.;r they drer. some 'blood from my arm. I then noticed from that. f:::; .time there no r:Jore of that bitter liouid. :The .whole '( '::: "was not bothered rtith that stuff. ... .. '';c;:;c:. .-,, .. .. The next morning two men came with a Stretchex< .. : .. i,.. lifted me from the bed and placed me on tha Stretcher. and : : ,); ( ca.rri ed me off out of the 1lard. I thought they 11ere going>.: .. \ "' to bury me a. a I Has actually given ovor as dead. However;_'<. 'i'-: : .. :.-:" .... : .: '11 ;<-:.' .: I \vas taken to liard 2-4, ca it was called just where the '_. ... -;:Governor's house, that was the place vrhere typhoid pat:terita_.::::;.'.-:. '':'._:;_were being tr.;ated. They found out that the fever. I had.::was ... :,;'> ... ::-typhoid and not r.mlc-.rie.. .: -: .. "' _.;.. \'i1mt I oe.n trut!J.fully say Those t.me.!'ican Nurses my own, .:.c_, .. ., ,.... )dear mother could not be 1r.ore kind and tender to me. TheY'.><.:;.->:.-. every thi!l<3 lies humDnly even to let me take a little :,-:"::.'<:':,,, :: .,.,_, so to keep life in md'E my body. I should. here tall of the incident \11th the watsr I drank from the:'.=_,';;>: .. .':: :';,u .: ... ... ): :. :: ,--; .< ., -. .. ,,. i r: : :_ .::

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--.-. ... < '' 'i '.. p.3 :: basin on the stand beside my bed.'' It \"laa:po1ooned kill. fHea 'that buzzed around uhsn .. I thought t .. l:aa: thoro for me to o1:nk as I had DeV0r, before 'e.n hospital. > .(<; '; I could nc;vor, nevsr in life fore;et the tcndel'_. ld.ndneS!! those American Nuro es administered: to we -.'especially" in .. that i.'''<'(;";.Y,,;;-;; partiouln.r Viard. 24. I had no ds!31.ra for nourishnient cit.: _:kind., my life 1;as bbb1ne But 'holf they plead with' to take so;;;s nour1oru"'ilont. Not only but the7c1o.se : :_';.watched the colored Orderlies how they, handle_: the. pat1en _.: ,._ ,One night, the llurRe on duty cams to me,_, abe;, said. :_"'.' now, bed 6, if you do' t take sou; a nourishment yo:u :would.: get well and the tone oha spoke to rna \11th her ha.rid 'on :.;;; hsad I' forced to s':ollo;r a 11 t tlo. milk and from I' ,;/".-'tinued to take little by 11ttlsand a few daysp.ati.arid. ': :_-_,.: carne on duty:. the nie:ht and took mil temperatura_; ahe;_:sa1d: to: "::me you. are getting better "bed 6.'.: .I began to reel a doe .-.;--_ for the milk very :fast. Then they started tQ gi va ''""''" ..:me, One m1d cay at breRkfe.st I ilaa givena toaeted1.Potato :.:'_,; Oh, how r: enjoyed it, EYcn that did not atar'-:c .. -::.. ,. __ ., .. _._. -. >: ; .. ving a petite. I therEfore conv1nc ed ,by the !Nrses -':: .. Doctors such starv:1tioil v::.s for my good.;;-, : -:-: J;_;y;; .-:.. .. c> < ..-:,_ One r;JOrning 1 n the month of l'1ay Dr, C oonor the .-Nigh ,.Doctor came. in, that liard were then run by himself'a.nd Dr,: .-';<, Bates ... Dr. Connor cs.:ns to my bed side with._tho Nurse and-:;. .... ,: took up mY Chart, asked me horl you feeling Jrunee ?.; : ; ;. .. ok; doctor, !!a e.sked. me you hungry? I replied yes doctor :',!.:.-:.'-.>: He turnad:and ordered her to s1ve me light diet and .. ;.,..:'. Pajamas .,-. ..... "-"-.:::. _.... .. 'H -:; The morn1n::t in o_usstion I '"as g1 ven the .?ajama.s T'; f.. ...... 1:<'.:':.-;. .. was told to gat out or the bed and tried to .walkr every. .. :>;,:: .. .-. that tried I b!l.d to be supported.-Thl'lt morningI:.was given a.:.-.:: .. .... bOirl of porridge, two _eggs; nice bread and buttar,"a. ,.. ,.:;:-:1_;:.:: .:slice of ;nalon. Dut tney nevGr oeacsd to f).Vethe,_lfuiskey:_:::;,,;,':?: if;::'." and Es.snog during the days, and a 11eak later. I was given-: :::: -., "FULL DIET." I l'l"CB then feeling happy and good o.a when '. atrba1toljd ever we .o ".a no on e a o us ca .;: :: _,:_..-::_ .. -:::... I v:as discharc:,cd in If.ay o.nd the treat:nent had me so fat. :, :i an robuo that i>'hen I went home to san Pablo .t.unt :.W_
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I I ..;,:-_ .. -,. '.'. .. ; ':. ... ... .:_ .. : .. ... .. :... : ... : .... ,.. ., .::: ::.1 ;.., .. .... /-;.__ ... ,;:/:,.,::.:.,,. ':;.-,1.:.. ... 1 J. A :. P_ : ...... __ .. :; .. :: .. -_,_:f ... .... ... .. \-. .... ; .'. -. -.. 1910;'/, My--ne;xt job af;ter 1n o .z ... .. After thnt. I llorkod for:'the 9.'ransportat1on Divie :-::g;>: bet.i1aen H1raflor6a and Balboa :as telephone Opera tor ... under Hr Fenn:nari.''' ... ,,.... ... r. ,. .. -?,',;: -:,,c: .. rlhen :the Hatsr. wc.s put in the Hhen tne : ._(.frornthe'I.a Boca:Comm1Asa.ry in 1926,\;I:naver was': I :, :;::-; ployed.u?.t1l Feb:r:Ua:r-y; 192;7 D.1v1 .. ; __ {; .-:. : .. ;': _:. .. -_.. .. ,< ... .. "' "'''"""::." :, .. ;._.:. .-. ;; .. Te.t1!11i:latedlela. Road where I ;:-;::.' termine.ted and -1ent over to. .constructing _., ... Division up to 1932 .. Due.to or\.;crk;_'::r--.,""'nt.: .. .-. : to :the ?ao Hie Look, Overhaul in as Checker'' to'_, _-_,:;:.:<_.'of,,that Project, r .---.' >, ,. ..-. ,_;i".'.-:: ..: : : I did DOt rBwewber to mention that, 1n 1918, ;. was a Salesman in the Grunbos. conllnissary:when'tha Train Ace idisnt when the ent;1ne' pf' ,the. bqi.J.l.ld:-. 'train elipned :fror.:J Coach 11hlch; caused 'the. b1sgeat 1 .. /i::;. ... tr!'.1n'accidrcnt on the '<":'!'<'c.;::. \>:-:;:.; .. _. ;-:;,;-:. ;;:.; ;:; At-thilt t1methrough-error,_iwe.a.:goirig by _,,:'. George W1llie.rns, .'.;: ... : ._. :, .. _. .. :.:;: .. :0.':.:?.\/i'Z:,_( .. 1934 l; ,1ae then ree:nployed. in the DrGdgir-0 :: .: due t6 cessation of -,,opk I was let out .in 1935',::'-'>i'Z.':5't.l>'(:'i/j,"' --: .. ... ; Beemnlovetl in 1939 in the H.E. D1v1Gion ':There I ,.,orked::.:: <:> up 'to 1942, 1-1as terminated. Reemployed in: the: "'i .' ': .-.;.< a a Rnd \tas transferred' to the D1 vis ion where', .. 1946 P..nd reemployed in Duplicatins Plant c.z. Terminated there I t1as in ths.Bu\ldin.r(:asia ,. :,'/:>' There 'I ;>_. ,, JANES A, \/ILL!AJ-!3 i .im:;]!.ijlll';..: ;:;:.::. ... ..: .. : :,, \::::. that. -, -. ... .. ::: .. -i. '! .. .-.-,:.; ,':;: ... '( ...... "'_:.-::_:.-__ .. .. _..._.. -..; __ -._._-_/'._,._._./_ .. .. _. ... -.. -./. .. .. :.:.::_. .. :. .. :: t<;L : ;_ -: : .. ;, '. .. __ :t..::_:': '. -:r .. ..... .... .{ )...:-!-:. .. ..... .. -_ '?. .. ; .. ....... .. .:1 __ ::. :.-_ ....

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'(I r '. '. ii'l/ --------Brown, 3a.muel N.; Apartado 31108, Cnl1clon1a, l'uno.ma, R.P. ( )lorn 1n Jamaico., oiest Indies:Arrived on the Isthmus 1913:Started .to IJcrlc ar; ;. lmi t cr in 19111 at the then I .c .C. hotel, Balboa:In the ye:1r 1919 I employed as an attendant a.t the old /\neon ilospital, r'.nd even lrhen the name was changed to Gorgo.s, I continued to v1ork untill december 1944. coverine; a period of 25 yr:r>.rs & 7 months:-Worked at Paraiso Clubhouse from June 19115 to ;.larch 1953, Hhen I 50t retired. Inasrnuah as the conditions in the different departments fluctunteo, but you ce.n be aasured.tho.t I had enjoyed most of the time worldn13 v11th the gootl government of The United State of Americn Canal Zone, 111 th much esteem, I bee; to remain, Yours Very Truly, : 3. N. D.h. S591 J -,. .. ; ,. .. -... ------------"'