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HOSPITAL GROUNDS AT ANCON,
FI PANAMA CANAL ZONE
The first fight the Americans made in the Ca-
nal Zone was against disease. The Panama Ca-
nal was begun in 1904. In that year many fine,
strong, young Americans died of yellow fever
and malaria (ma-la'ri-a).
An officer of the Canal Commission had 10
young Americans to lunch one Saturday night.
Before the next Saturday he had helped to bury
4 of them. They had died of yellow fever.
Col. C. W. Gorgas is the man who looked after
the health of the Canal Zone. He knew that yelt
low fever was carried from person to person.
So all persons coming into the Zone were ex.
amined. Ships that came into the ports of the
Zone were held till he was sure nobody aboard
had the fever. But Col. Gorgas also knew that
he had an enemy to fight in the mosquito. Mos-
t quitoes of certain kinds carry yellow fever and
malaria. So a war was waged against mosqui-
Lat. 9 N.; Long. 80o W.
toes. Buildings were screened. Beds were cov-
ered with netting. Houses and streets of cities
were cleaned up.
But there was still much to do. A body of
trained nurses was brought to Panama. Good
doctors and surgeons came. To take care of the
sick Ancon Hospital was built. It was built on
the high Ancon Hill just back of the city of
Panama. It is this hospital that is shown in the
picture. Driveways and walks shaded by Royal
Palms were on Ancon Hill. For here the French.
who had tried to dig the canal, had placed
their hospitals. .If one has to be sick Ancon Hos.
pital is a good place to be. Good doctors and
nurses are there, and modern improvements are
in the buildings.
What animals can you name that carry dis-
eaes? How? How can mosquitoes be killed off?
Copyright by The Keyastone View Companiy,
I I 1 11111 1