CITY AND BAY OF PANAMA
Panama City is near the Pacific end of the
Canal. It is one of the oldest cities in the west-
ern world. Its early history reads like a tale
from a book of fairy stories. It was here that
the Spaniards built a town 400 years ago. Here
the Spanish brought their shiploads of gold and
silver that they had taken from the Inca In-
dians of Peru. The precious metals were often
carried across the isthmus (is'muis) to be put on
other ships bound for Spain. Here, too, pirates
stopped for food or plunder. The old city of
Panama was destroyed by the pirate Morgan in
1671. It was, for a long time, a city known for
its wealth and its wickedness.
In the City of Panama today there are many
things to remind the visitor of those early days.
There are ruins of walls and of forts; half-
ruined churches beautifully built; and remains
of streets, plazas, and shops.
Today the city ha3 a population of about 40,-
Lat. zo N.; Long. 80 W.
ooo people of all races. Since the Panama Canal
was undertaken by the United States, the city
has taken on new life. Hundreds of travelers
are on its streets or in its hotels. Its stores and
shops are busy places. It has a new city build-
ing, a new government building and a new opera
house. In short, it has become a clean, modern
city; but it has also the old places to add interest
Back of the city is Ancon (an'kon) Hill. It is
from this hill that the view of the city and the
bay were taken. You can understand, when
looking at this scene, how Balboa (bail-b'ai)
must have felt when he gazed from near this
place on the Pacific for the first time. Balboa,
you recall, discovered the Pacific Ocean.
Tell the story of Balboa's discovery of the
Pacific; of Pizarro's (pi-zir ro) conquest of the
Copyright by The Keystone View Company.
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