SSUGAR-MAKING PLANT, ISTHMUS OF
10,47 As we have already noticed in this journey
. through Central America, the native popula-
/10tion in most of these countries is neither en-
terprising nor progressive. Panama is no ex-
ception to this general rule, although the con-
tact of the business people of the United
States with its inhabitants in the Canal Zone,
has led to some improvement in the people of
Although Panama is naturally very fertile,
and should be one of the great sugar produc-
ing countries of the world, native production
is hampered by poor methods of cultivating
the sugar cane, and by poor machinery for
pressing out the juice. Only the crudest
methods are used for handling the molasses
and sugar, and all of the refined sugar used
S in Panama must be imported from other
Lat. 9 N.; Long. 800 W.
countries A glance at some of the sugar ma-
chinery used by the Panama natives will suf-
fice to tell the story.
In crushing the cane the mill is turned by
two mules or oxen hitched to the poles fasten-
ed to the upright shaft shown in our view.
As the cane is crushed the juice is caught in
a barrel, from which it is carried to the kettles
under the shed, usually in large calabash
gourds. When the kettles have been filled
with juice, fires are kindled under them, the
crushed cane stalks from which the juice has
been extracted being used for fuel. After the
juice has been boiled down a crude brown sug-
ar is produced, which is exported to other
countries for further refining.
Copyright by The Keystone Viez Company
I i I I I I I I I I __ I
. . . . . . '. '. " . . . . "