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r '- 4 2C857---A Species of Rubber Tree, Showing Scars from Gutting. Panama Canal Zone.
This rubber tree is eight years old. dried and formed a scab. This has sealed
The scars on it show the new method of the wound. In a few days this scab of
obtaining the milk from the tree. For- rubber has dried, so it can be removed
merely a deep cut was made in the tree. from the tree without causing more milk
Then a cup made from a cocoanut shell to flow. These scabs are taken from
caught the milk or sap as it ran out. The the tree, pressed into squares, and sent
cup was tied to the tree at the proper to market. By this method of tapping
place by strips of bark or fiber from the the rubber tree, its life is prolonged. It
palm tree. This milk was gathered daily also costs less to prepare the rubber for
from the cups. It had to be coagulated market.
either by heat or acid, before the rubber The rubber tree grows from the seed,
was transformed into a marketable condi- The trees are planted 30 feet apart. They
tion. are not tapped until 8 years old, but can
Now the cut is made shallow. It is be tapped annually for 50 years.
about a half inch deep. As the milk The palm nuts in the picture are about
comes from the bark it fills this cut. the size of a butternut. From them an
The cut not being deep, the flow of milk excellent quality of palm oil is made. It
slowly fills the cup. This gives time for is used by the natives as we use "Lard
the water in the milk to evaporate. Oil."
When the cut is full of milk it has partly
Copyright zIr, by K reystne View Cmt Vei e