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20864---Drilling, Blasting, and Shoveling Through the RocK at Paraiso, Panama Canal Zone. ,
The village of Paraiso (Paradise) nes- The making of the Canal requires the
ties at the base of the hills at the south solution of many hard problems. The
end of Culebra. It is a mile and a half steam shovel has solved one of them. It
north of Pedro Miguel. There the locks has made possible a speedy and economic
on the Pacific end of the Canal will be excavation. Speed and economy are both
built. It is here, 38 miles from the Atlan- essential for the successful accompIish-
tic, that the Panama railroad, attains its ment of this'great work. The shovel is
greatest elevation above the level of the one yard wide and one yard deep. One
ocean, 263 feet. shovel full will fill an ordinary two-horse
This railroad was built across the Isth- wagon. It would take a half dozen men
mus of Panama b American engineers with shovels 15 minutes to fill the wagon.
an American capital. It was begun in The steam shovel does it in 15 seconds.
1849 and finished in 1855. It cost $8,000, The arm of the shovel has a reach of 10
000, and is nearly 48 miles long. It was feet up and down, and sideways. This
considered a great undertaking. The allows it to do much work before its posi-
many difficulties in the way were over- tion needs to be changed. It gets opportu-
come. It opened the way across the nities to rest because it can fill cars
Isthmus. It increased the desire for a faster than theycan be furnished. Hence
canal. It provides indispensable facilities the time it will take to excavate a given
for the transportation of men and mate- area depends on how fast the cars can be
rial. The United States Government owns supplied.
and controls it,
l C opvyrght o07, by Keystone Viewl Comrtnanw
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