Laborers Rafting Spiles for Cofferdams, Balboa, Canal Zone


Material Information

Laborers Rafting Spiles for Cofferdams, Balboa, Canal Zone
Physical Description:
Angrick, Bill ( donor )
Keystone View Company
Place of Publication:
Meadville, PA
Copyright Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Labor   ( fast )
Dams--Design and construction   ( fast )
Panama--Panama Canal   ( fast )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama -- Central America -- Balboa -- Panama Canal Zone


Many laborers working to join massive logs into "spiles" (or piles) that are then rafted down water to their various destinations and used in dam building.
B. L. Singley founded The Keystone View Company in 1892 in Meadville, Pennsylvania. The company quickly became the world's largest view company, having at least 250,000 negatives (of which some 50,000 were available as numbered views) by the 1930s. These images were meant to bring international experiences into the palm of the average person's hand, to be revisted in private or during social gatherings. It has been said that the ability of the stereograph to bring vicarious experiences to faraway people makes this medium parallel to the internet or television today. The Keystone View Company also focused on the educational value of their products, employing teams of people to write explanatory texts that were printed on the backs of the stereograph cards. This text, along with the imagery, presents the dominant vision of American ideals and interests during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Source 1: Source 2:
Gifted on behalf of William P. and Barbara L. Angrick

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Panama Canal Museum Collection at the University of Florida
Rights Management:
Public Domain Presumed (e.g. expiry of copyright term): This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
accession number - 2013.2.140
System ID:

Full Text

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21765-Laborers Rafting Spiles for Cofferdams, EaEboa, Canal Zone.

In this picture, again, we have a view of
the upper end of Panama Bay at the village
of Balboa, where the canal channel leaves
the bay proper. The long spiles (or piles)
heaped up on the shore are being rolled to
the water and rafted away for u:ag in the
construction of cofferdams. The laborers
here have adopted a costume most inex-
pensive and not easily ruined if one should
-ccasionally lose his balance and roll faster
than the spiles into the water. The ma-
jority of the laborers along the canal are
Spaniards, Italians, and negroes.

The spiles here shown are very long in-
deed. it the water's edge a group of them
is being bound together for rafting purposes
to their place of destination. The coffer-
dams for which they will be used are really
water-tight enclosures, constructed by these
spiles being driven close together into the
bottom of the channel and clay packed be-
tween them. The water may then be
pumped from the cofferdam enclosure and
the bottom examined, foundations laid,
piers built, etc.

Copyright 1913, by The Keystoic Vicu Company.


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