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11482. Geography.-Economic History.-We are
Looking north through the greatest piece of destructive
work in connection with the Panama Canal-Culebra
Cut. The Cut begins at Bas Obispo, five miles ahead;
of us, and continues behind us from this point-the
highest of the Great Divide of the Cordilleras-down
the Pacific slope three miles to Pedro Miguel. The Cut
proper is nine miles in length, though the excavation
is continuous from San Pablo (in the north) to Pedro
MlIiguel, about sixteen miles. At this point the Cut is
five hundred feet from top to canal bottom. The
channel throughout has a bottom width of 300 feet and
an 85-foot level.
Here, just south of Gold Hill, is the obstinate Cuca-
racha Slide, which has contributed over 6,0000000 cubic
yards of undesired material to the canal prisni-and is
still sliding like a great glacier, slowly but surely.
However, engineers calculate that it. will reach the
"angle of repose" before the date for the formal open-
ing of the canal-January 1, 1915. MIeanwhile, steam
dredges can remove its debris from the flooded Cut
even more economically than is possible in the period
of excavation "in the dry." This is the largest of the
To the north of Gold Hill,-one just at our right on
the east bank and one at the left on the west bank in
front of the village of Culebra,-are two other de-
structive slides. In all, these slides, great and small,
have necessitated one-quarter of the 100,000,000 cubic
yards of excavation in the Cut.
This canal, fifty miles from deep water to deep wa-
ter, forty from shore to shore, shortens the route from
our eastern to our western coasts by 8,000 miles, and
places the United States and Europe on a par in the
competition for eastern commerce.
Read "Panama and What It Means" by John Foster
SRefer, afi~l( to 4HIs 'iw t when considering Physiography aild
Through famous Culebra Cut, Panama.
Le fameux passage de Culebra, Panama.
A traves del famoso Tajo de La Culebra, Panami.
Genom den ryktbara Culebra skarningen, Panama.
Durch den herfhmten Culebra Graben, Panama.
Repeal 3HaMeHHnTBhi npoppt.as Kyje6pa, IlaHaMa.
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