We are at a point more than half way across the
fifty-mile isthmus, and are now facing southeast
towards the Pacific. The town and bay of Panama are
about ten miles ahead. The railway track used by
regular passenger and freight trains is off at our right
nearly a mile from here.
This valley is the famous "cut" through a mountain
wall which divides the isthmian rainfall, sending a part
to each ocean. The cut is about a mile long and when
finished it will be faced with masonry so that the fierce
tropical rains will have no chance to work damage.
The "canal zone" or strip of land bought by the
United States from the Republic of Panama extends
across the isthmus in a belt ten miles wide: it reaches
five miles to our right and five miles to our left.
When the United States paid France $40,000,000
for the unfinished canal in 1904, a part of this deepest
excavation on the line had already been. made. In a
single day in March. 00oo4. seven American-made steam
shovels were at work here at different points within a
mile, and 64oo00 cubic yards of earth and rocks were taken
out. The excavated stone is to be hauled over to Colon
(behind us on the Atlantic side) to help build an enor-
mous breakwater at the entrance of the canal.
From Notes of Travel, No. S2. Copyright, 1906, by Under-
wood & Underwood.
Where ships will sail through a mountain-Culebra Cut,
Ofi les vaisseaux nn vigueront & travers une t ontagtine;
Coupe de la Couleuvre, Caniul !e P:!tIrP nP.
10 o c)iffe burtf einen Bertg faIrtln lrcrben-- ulebrTa S itd)
ftid), 3anama SanaL
Donde l)uquies navegara1 A traves dle iuramni m tai -
Corte de la Culebra, Canal de Pmnaniia.
D)ar fartyg skola segla genomn ett ,iirg--Culh Ia Cut,
FAt Kopa6Ain npofiAyTL vepea ropy apota3'h KIy3er(pa.
IIaHaMCKifi IlpoJIaHu. -,5
II I I! I II I I I II __ I I