$, t I
--.-'-"W- rem-in the outskirts of the city at a favorite
gathering place for the washerwomen. Labor of this sort
S: chiefly in the hands of Indians or West Indian negroes;
.most of these we see at the moment are descendants of
Isthmian native tribes. They speak a little Spanish
and less English; it is not very easy to bargain with
The work is done by rude, old-fashioned methods.
Those oblong tanks of tin are discarded cans that once
held Standard Oil-one finds them everywhere all around
the world, and very convenient they prove themselves,
for all sort' of domestic purposes. Cold water is the only
sort obtainable; these laundresses use some tsop and
much elbow grease ",, sousingg, beating, and wringing
the wet things with more energy than discretion. Only
the stoutest materials endure many repetitions of the
Bundles of clothing dry or wet are carried in the fashion
we. see yonder, on the head.
In this tropical climate the rapid increase of a family
..does not.seem to involve much anxiety on the parents'
S- t Food is cheap,, and among people of this social
grade clothing is not considered necessary until children
are half grown. There are public schools in Panama
and the effort is now to improve them and to require
attendance, but a large part of the juvenile population
is little concerned with book-learning.
From Notes of Travel No. 40. copyright 1907 by Underwood 6"
Indian washerwomen at work, Panama.
Blanchisseus0 .indienneS) au travail, Pa'aifa.
3nbianijd)e a3iijdcerinnen bei ber trbeit, Panama.
Lavanderas indias en su trabajo, Panami.
Indianska tvoittgummor vid sitt arbete-Panama.
-HII ialKia npaqKRH a pa6oT', IIaHaMa.
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