- Native Indian women washing clothes at a spring near Panama City, Panama
- Physical Description:
- Angrick, Bill ( donor )
- Underwood & Underwood, Publishers
- Place of Publication:
- New York
- Copyright Date:
- Subjects / Keywords:
- Children ( fast )
Domestic relations ( fast )
Laundry ( fast )
Labor ( fast )
- Spatial Coverage:
- Panama -- Central America -- Panama Canal Zone
- Half a dozen Native Indian women at work doing laundry in a spring near Panama City with their children.
- Scope and Content:
- Brothers Elmer and Bert Underwood founded Underwood & Underwood in 1880 in Ottawa, Kansas. Starting with door to door sales and eventually branching out into freelance photography work, the brothers' company grew large enough to relocate to New York City in 1891. At the turn of the century the firm was selling 300,000 stereographs a year. After stereograph production was discontinued in the 1920s, Underwood & Underwood sold its stereographic stock to The Keystone View Company.
- Gifted on behalf of William P. and Barbara L. Angrick
- Source Institution:
- University of Florida
- Holding Location:
- Panama Canal Museum Collection at the University of Florida
- Rights Management:
- Public Domain Presumed (e.g. expiry of copyright term): This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
- Resource Identifier:
- accession number - 2013.2.68
- System ID:
$, t I
--.-'-"W- rem-in the outskirts of the city at a favorite
gathering place for the washerwomen. Labor of this sort
S: chiefly in the hands of Indians or West Indian negroes;
.most of these we see at the moment are descendants of
Isthmian native tribes. They speak a little Spanish
and less English; it is not very easy to bargain with
The work is done by rude, old-fashioned methods.
Those oblong tanks of tin are discarded cans that once
held Standard Oil-one finds them everywhere all around
the world, and very convenient they prove themselves,
for all sort' of domestic purposes. Cold water is the only
sort obtainable; these laundresses use some tsop and
much elbow grease ",, sousingg, beating, and wringing
the wet things with more energy than discretion. Only
the stoutest materials endure many repetitions of the
Bundles of clothing dry or wet are carried in the fashion
we. see yonder, on the head.
In this tropical climate the rapid increase of a family
..does not.seem to involve much anxiety on the parents'
S- t Food is cheap,, and among people of this social
grade clothing is not considered necessary until children
are half grown. There are public schools in Panama
and the effort is now to improve them and to require
attendance, but a large part of the juvenile population
is little concerned with book-learning.
From Notes of Travel No. 40. copyright 1907 by Underwood 6"
Indian washerwomen at work, Panama.
Blanchisseus0 .indienneS) au travail, Pa'aifa.
3nbianijd)e a3iijdcerinnen bei ber trbeit, Panama.
Lavanderas indias en su trabajo, Panami.
Indianska tvoittgummor vid sitt arbete-Panama.
-HII ialKia npaqKRH a pa6oT', IIaHaMa.
------- - -- ------- ----- -~---I~-~-~~~~- -`-~-~-~~- -~IIMC .~i~9~~1 -I~C~?I;~~~~LiWL*-~;~RRI~~