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Haiti sun

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Title:
Haiti sun
Physical Description:
Newspaper
Publisher:
R. Cheney, Jr. ( Port-au-Prince, Haiti )
Publication Date:

Subjects

Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 32441147
System ID:
AA00015023:00448


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YO9 li, X SUNDAY,. DCEMBER 28th,", ,,,, /iNo.' 14 -- PORT-AU-PRINCE


HAPPY NW YEAR


1958 THE YEAR OFSURPRISES

1959 YEAR OFCHALLENGE
As the Nation move towards With coffee; the principal 'velue, the latr. usually sup-
,the .close of its 154th. .'Year of 'export item, suffering from a .plying abopt 2/3 of the total
Independence, it loolts to the drop of more than 25% in pri- Government Revenue. ,
/Touri t dollar to help level off ces and a greatify reduced crop, .A rainfall deficit, over ..two
sCallengin resulted...
:a. w-abbling economy, the outlook is hallengin. years -resulted: i'i lessened. ,ai-
- The year 1957-58 will be known. Reduced. income results in gar ."prtdwctioi and the .redu-
as the year of the goad coffee drastically reduced retail sales ced-ivorld priceS for sisal losses
,crop -.1959 b'ias already, been Which in turn reduced imports tod lAia, exports.t p '
.h -a .. l wors ,.- ., .., ..Bacea ex ot
ch istened thie. worst since. a. consequently Customs re- O-vt been almost niL.'Thus.A tihec
the thirties. average.' .annual gross 'revenue
e'-."""".,-"-"' q .Casino Taken Over has fallen from the.. estimated :-
BRi By American Group '$20.00 per- capital person to per-
JEWELR TO BRING The Casino at Port-.au-Princc. h.less than $13.0 ...
CEYLONESE CLASICAL: went uhder new management, h ia less than $r3 m' In
.DANCERSXERE .FrI.day.'moring, when an Ame- Ame.- cA .ji'., ro.i. e
S.-.;'i aA e p., native. Admi- "
... ." : cfae n group purchased the, con,. 't a.. -. a. .I ,A.. .**'' ,,- 1
',ract from gratinn (ICA'5 ha)eb ,na ma-- "
tarr.ra frslimbene.,'Wasn ". 'ontn page 2)
b.Th4.d in.oounement -#as made "" .. I .
.'by r4t v orrison, Direc- Venezue1hn:
Dic -Afiaid Di
tr.b.F P l-eations for the. Ambassador: Dies'''
'HaRiti',gT&ov&rment...I, .. Sildif.nly
The -Casino ,monopoly was ac- Diocto; f.'a.a' i'a2rezSosa, these
.ib ) ob Kooff ,....a'Las vene Ambassador t
iVegas Wbusinessiman -and'- as or.i-Priiice,-...died'. _r.Id
.\ ai-at'(ihuff.d A.. Joe day -ecember.:23rd.-; The
1 t~ .~" f ne DO' .o- J'.........."id..
,":. .... of.n Nada. -'Ambassador'.. suffe ;a heart -
h ne.. 'a omaIag'eme"8 satdtck. as. h tere ...hsoffi ce,
.......4 .e,,wcz~4 4 ... ,i -the ,.Expom-.
fro abroad, po!ifc.IJofpliButeax^iw
.*... ^ ', m!,-NVewYear's. Eve night, summoned:.,and '.. pronounced
.t star, Miss Corinne. Calvert', '.eathasbein.istantdneou,.
wil,-b. Iiip-.. 6rsstve' E--'te 'fueral -rites., w
... "" : '" will.be;. presented as the feature "..Impressive' Stte funeral tes' :
Abndel ..Amear, a ,' Cylon6s'; of' the Sh .. were hld.onFriday, rmng,.
deae' 'in precious ptoe ex"'. x ", s1.: '-erMre th.'P helsden Duvalier
e-isnis 'also Publi'c' jvt resAnn ivler
*.ects to arrange for the feaiious' Relations .fr th4., ICasirio and attending, at-the Basilique No-'
"Ieylonese classical dancer. 'to' in 'charge' of ei.tertainmenf for- tre' Dame,' here. ,
(Continued from page 16)' the, new Casino"gr.p "' The rerains were flown to. K
'Cam'grpuThp--in iie.f
'' Caracas, 'fbllowing th6' religious
... -. '" .... .' ,'re aboard a Haitian Army show,
D02-3. '%The, bereaved widow Leoni
',nd ,four",chdren. and .an .offi-' T.li
cial Maitian delegation accorn- war1
oanied the .remains home to orga1
"- ,, sisgn
.. ..affahn
collat
continuedd on' page 16) oan' p

]FOREIGN MINISTER
B,.. 'NI SAD 1 ]V
B'AMB4SSADORt SIGN
PROVIDING U. S. MAR
'MISSION FOR ARM
An agreement providing -for. pomps
"..,,,the idi bt Haiti of a celor
U. S, Ma Corps miin to Cons
',.. Corps ; "n :m'i"
give instdi6n to the Haitian A
k'tnedFrces, was signed at ed to


-" A *'^^^^^^-4- ^^^^"' ''-
SNo -Iarans from outer space but these two lebadorians eoi4U hi
been eWth all the Atfirntlon' they 'attaCted ot the Bord de tier-'and
B owe4'.ield arori Mouny aftbiboon. Dressed in .7dl.j'l 1
shirt ?..d "s idng. i O ants and" W iiciedit s .ecse of feit -lAf'S.i
M aue Co0imeje aad Sef'iijdo Quiade, two' shawl 'akp t. Mi ftdie 'A.
.worn $'st dif *lt itthi f'aefr tbdtnffiwde' fb"anmdnSi .;dWlg lods
-at Castelhaiti flew KLM to Curacao to pickup Europe-bound SS Its
% They are puhing the sales of Ecuadorian handmade shawls.


On The HaitiahP i"'ic"i. -A:i
PresidentDivie Snsriact With
Generalissimno,' And Pesident" .
...'. Hector T :3.ijiIo,' N:.


'. ''. ,- .



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torc meting at the Malpasse Jimn.t"B.
. Haiti's Piresident Fran'qois Duvaier tti.i(en i,"II
idas .' ..ijil.. Molina,- walking to the .'., '1
riF ers of tih.e island ,of Hispaniola iiijtl 'ed.a- ltk.
against Comnmunism,, they agreed. ntt-o ;.: '
lizahion or iidiwidual enjagg ingubersive as
rS, realir..ed-the pr.i d B i-. .i .n,
s 'o-f te two States, ag .-a on lLtura ex
boration and to hr.onioize their action. at U.ziit&dV.Na' "
iage 13): '' '.>, "":.:,. ': -~."
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R ANDU. S *.. r4-NPai m 4
AGREEMENT. $' fSationMant
INE TRAINING : .. PortTu-P
Ep FORCES '.ii"o.. AIOt,
anied by Embassy' .Coun- "."Georg .W- agan>.'""
Mr Philip Wlidgs .ad 44 t ioq niaiagea&er .IM,
ul Thomas Davis.:' -', ..ican"yodtS, .
brief joint statement. isii auiz-P re a .".'i,"
o the press simultaneously 'F1fal otn9y.R...


the Foreign Office Here 5:20 in Port-au-Prince and .W#shing station -nanager .att.b. 1
'Cftmi .tmd 'b y.' ton declared 'the conclusion Juan, PEuerto" Rico.I sE. t
"..i .... D Loi of this agreement is a ftrter' International '4 o u.t:
1h oreugn d-tr Dr Louis demonstration., of the dose Malcolm B. H ecks&aqi
MANg n'id. American Ambassa- bonds of friendship uhiting tihe is e ..being .ssie. t$.l.
dor .o :haif "terald' 'A. Drew Governments and people..'.of *.: .iangan, th o.:ism
i a6 bf oikr601y attended by the two countries'.. '..- ew du"es'.on:Jatit,
imt Briga ldiS F'.ie#it*ercerbb and It is expected thet.the, fit-iii nthe Am O i
i. ,djfb W d'f dfdeneral't staff elements of the new mission intce '1945"."He,:"beg*anh j
a .'si : document id 1h 0. 'as".... 9:':Id In'" ai V
Assigned document for'their will arrive in Haiti vhortly... vic.s.s, admisratie.
P4 'fLeEtiVW'Gf lhrMne .- after January I 1959, ..the'.: ''. ..,,
Ambassador Drew was ac- ]ttement concluded. 7V (c.tftihed on page. .)
.. .. ** '* \:.:.,i







. .-'"..: .1 THE YEAR OF CHALLENGE
.,...; (continued from page 1)
r d. Tw.o' million cellars rist dollars and an atmosphere ny purchased a
, .o..rdinary operating expen- 'of peace and calm is being main- nery at eLaruer
/,w.'as-presented in four quar- t'ined as Haiti courageously Haiti and will
oily payments of $500,000.00 faceA its problems. The task of French indus
iAch. Total .ad 'to Haiti from solving simultaneously the coo joli-n is expect
is source"'. .in. tlihe twelve years nomic problem, -and its many to begin constr
I'1the exiatenep of foreign" aid .social problems of even greater sugar mill at 1
.mm:-.t'h e .Ameriican'..Govern- 'magaigude, is no easy job., vast plain can fi
eiit, ha. totaled- $19 million L 'Since December 6, 1956 .and 'for the industry
~i~ver p of,; thks mature is its' succession of four 'provisio- The Lester St
1tconducive, to selif-perpetuat- nal governments and1 intermit- Welch, (Northe
i' or recreating revenue euch :n Juntas, it has been slow not completed
Q, results from .private enter- going to "get the machinery .funds.
i/- ** I'l running smoothly again. A de- Two big pro,
-&., BRIGHT SPOT dared policy of austerity 'by Government e:
&i ..:T aids for foreign :in7'- "
Thetax aids for foreign in- the Government has' been un-'bring work for
!te.,tanow 'being studied in Jertaken while a new Edono- relief are at a
I e'Lby. A3nilcaa Con l mic Planing Board. and a' High sluni clearance
V i.4u1 provide an alnmdst Court of Accounts keep a watch )n the Port-au-fi
u ed!.ae flow of private 'ca-'d eye on Governmental, De- where the Star]
foreign countries .for. apartment expenditures. Company, a Mil
fih-Hati w ould.. he 'paricu-: An economist opines there is der contract to
ly,. tu;ate1d.'- -.' '*'' no danger' if 'the' money is spent new Shopping (
,., ii:s,5ly 713 mile off 'according .to strict budgetary the slum.', a stfa
ltn. .fro.mMiami anj. ;ibis rules," aiming ait maxinizing ter of design a
p,...ter of. design an
1.tQ,$te.Uited States thesocial utiity'of the e n- The Intern
I1-`iest-and wealthiest mar- diture. 'He emphasized tlhat the Develbpjment C
t'- Th fwtld has never been outl6ok today in Haiti. depends ded by a New
idi6'g ,-h .nn gi o'o-
e:sed ;.per advantag. The *n whether spendig is done ef- r the coup
i$ :do."Bananas. and 6- ficinutly, and on projects: that having appare
r'6". shable tropical pro- guarantee returns such as secon- its contract to
Z ts,. n-omopetitive willhU.
...i. mpe.itive ,i. U. dary industries that can 'keep national Airpo
and, non-available mdulich 'of the Tourist dollars cir- $50.0
3 oe distant lands is be- culatinghere. Company" got
b e'.....S tur, .:'.g h er-e. '...C om panygot
d. 'a basicc nature .of There is.also need for a ape- the clearing ol
I eflive r. lar n now .being cialized' body to study indus-' owth with m
t xvC1Od Yth1oeaadvisoa ro .growth' ihma
db". .the close advisoTs 'trial opportunities from agri- is believed' ths
e D'hva.ier.The culture, raw materials and min- being made to'
g'ree": c6inate-i,H-Haiti, ,ifs ing. Haiti's mining potential proposed j
c,;: o n .-ty 'to' the United has already been established as .the Interratior
...i'give&-it great advantages 'bauxite, copper and some man- The' Artibm
'..ait, the ,lowred Cas- .ganese. and irrigation
: .*'xs constantly being ni- : ,hpe, present procedure, of es- complete for t]
':i a -reciprocal :basis: tabishipg-a new indntry or en- tio project
V!iU. S.. State Department, terpri.e' must be simplified. A Brown and R<
l.Z lalnH~ ti into a l]aid of coerp~"mst osm]id rw n
-Ma'.; 1 .t a. land codef or investor and the ex- construction w
tiv-tcm(parLl e to the tensionn of the Itnome Tax ex- buitress ldar, a
'iw '.i -t emptionu from five to ten years, irrigatioM, seven
0,u.nhright spot in the as in Puertb Rico, must be crear The Import-E4
'o-i.Haiti's aemi-colonial Xted to. attract the foreign- in- ned a total of
I.ig.. ..... ... at the or. Vestor. l, Haiti for this
tiad-.myx..serve as a It-is evident that Haiti wis- tional $6,500,0
a..he.lbh".l hes for and needs'. foreign in- complete tlikte
1 ..:0 count oW'Uthis year's vestment but has not yet been. drainage of th<
'4,its i NArh American able to set up the 'machinery ]ey where Hs
1'd its"s ores which" is. which makes, the country more been made at
Wto llt. t 13ions of bad- inviting than neighboring Puer-' rice, is present
4dbll.thars'ito idhe.eco- to Rico. AltKough the low- sion with the
y'bi". doost the ,industry wage scale, 70cts a 'day for la- Bank.
|'w".Wh..38,000 families deer- bar, and the aptitude., of Pai-
i., g .." tian' workers to adapt them- -
"e'are few new industries selves to specialized jobs when
Mern.en t projects to speak given the r i iht inducement
p loami sare still.-in the is .n itself, an encoura-
o"s" ration. stage. The Mo- gement .to investors. ,
.n -carpet-baggers' have ..had One of the new.. industries Q
iei'.lpar in defadilng after the which I ame to Haiti is a wall- '
'g,'atre gave ,time and effort beard 'factory which will use
Aprinbg and voting contracts bagasse and sisal waste. The
l nted by themProjects for $200.000.00 venture by French r '
Bsrhotels, factories and an ad- capitalists is about to go under -
|bonal sugar mill ,or two are construction, near the new Ca-
.i.,be gotten underway. by ribbean, Mills site, some twn'-
S capitalistt. who flooded ty miles from Port-au-Prince.
ti,.parliampentary roster with The West India Fruit and *
'=".wpropdsod' contracts early Steamship Company has. -pur- Ja m..
|fi^h .e.year. hased 1,000 acres of land' fbr
.So 'the little Nation must bananas -and witi' another 2000 '
oo.:.tto the Tourist Dollar to icres held by farmers in the
eleve the financial crisis and North of Haiti will produce.a a
i#-t'the, pressure of mate- healthy, export business, and 1
INl discomfort whihh is keep- thbe potential from the' Ndrth-
flg .the. people under a tight -rn plain "could' be doubled by 4
tension. But' only po0tical st0- 'ringing water to this region. '
..i.,ty. can guaranteee these Tou- Last month, this Florida compa- -"-
;* '.,


small sugar refi-
, in the North of
exploit it.
triialist G. Beau-
ed here shortly
auction of a new
'orbeck where a
im-nish sugarcane
y'in that region.
igar Company at
rn Haiti) still is
dlue to lack of

jets which the
xpeected would
r unemployment
Standstill. The
of. aLa Saline*
'rince waterfront
lite Construction
ami group, is un-
build a modern
Center to replace
dalled over, a mat-
nid finds.
national Housing
Corporation, hea-
* York group, is
of foreclosure
itly defaultqd on
.build the Inter-
rt, at sMais Ga-
0.00 project. This
no further than
Eff of the under-
tachette Kialbor. It
it an. attempt is
get financing for
jet airport from:
ial Loan Fuhds
nite. Valley dam
project is still un-
the vast .exploita-
planned when
oot, handled the.
all on the high.
and tome :of. the
oral years back.
port Bank 'loa-'
$25,000,000.00 'to
Work. An addi-
00.00 needed to
irrigation a n'd
z Artibonite Val-
aiti has' already
df-supportimg in
Ily under discus.i-
e Import-Export


A projected twelve and a half
million dollar loan from the
Development Loan Fund for fi-
nancing road network -of the
Southern penjtnsula, for Port-
au-Prince Cayes, Miragoahne,
Jeremie, and Port-au-Princc -
Jacmel, is bei-ng sought.

Last month, the Haitian Go-
vernment, cleared its position
of debitor to the National Bank
of Haiti.' Past advances to for-
mer Governments and current
advan.ces to tl'& present Admi-
nistration have been consolida-
ted under $13 million dollar
bond issue. A 10-year period of
repaymeqtu at 2-1/2%' interest,
and $4.00 out of the proceeds of
the coffee tax will be used for
reimbursement, until the com-
plete extension of debt.
, The coffee tax itself has been
unified with a basic rate of $12
per bag bf 60 kilograms expor-
!ed,..'and. a supplementary' fee
according to the grade of the
coffee.- the higher the'grade,


DON'T MISS THIS -"

FLOOR SHOW
'" t '

IT'S A MIMUST;,
By Danitor's. Group

FRIDAYJAN. 2


'HOTEL


CASTE'LHAITI


S WATCHES .- GEMS
For the festivities at the end of the year, the famous Swiss '
horology," of world. reputation, 4A)MEGA), has sent to. Haiti
,.a complete collection of jewelry, gold ,watch bracelets, in.solid'.-
gold, 'with 'stones, diamonds and sapphires. '
Each of the watches, 'handmade, constitutes a unique piece,..
without similar models and is a veritable gem.
These'jewels represent admirable and sumptuous .gifts which
will be greatly appreciated. ,' .-, --
Also, you should visit the Magasin :No. 2 of IA BELLE:
CREOLE. '


.'.6.-
S FLY DELTA'S UNEXCELLED ,




,/ '

Sto HAVANA *5250*
IUDAD TRUJILLO *1800K
USAN JUAN *4300A .
;E14 way an rauau tdp excmrdaI

ii nas--' Ticket011 Joe. iNodal MIN
Nadal & Co., General Agankts -.
dl: w. Travel Ae .r' "
'm


the lower th' fee.', ""'
For the fiscal period 1957-5
figures show receipts of $28.067g
8"5.61 and disbursement of*'$3,
611,998.14. Non-fiscal "disburse
mentsi' were $7,606,234.61 ove6
non-fiscal receipts of $7,2076 #I
82.

The Budget 'voted by .ConJ
.gress for the'year 1958r59 cornea
to a total of $38,260,000.006'
$20,900.000 from Customs du-ii
ties, $12,210,000 from Interna]I;
,taxes, $2,000,000 from miscella,'!
neous receipts 'and $1l,150,000&.
from extraordinary resources.,:

More recently still, the Go i"
vernment of President Francois..:
Duvalier obtain the service,.-'
of the well-known economic anid
'financial Firm of advisors Klein.'
& Saks of Washington, D. C.' "
jointly with Lehman Brothers.:.i`
of New York to make an econo-4
mic study and recommend as.i
strong remedy for recunpeiatingi:
the ill health'; of Haiti's fiances..:
------------------


I '. ,. :


AT 9 : 30 P, M.





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,HAITI SUN .
E HAInAN ENGLISH" LANGUAGE NEWSPAPER.
*..Community Weekly Published, Sunday Mor g
-EDITOR-PTUBLISAER .BERNARD NtDIC".
;ANT-RESPONSABLE / PATiJ E. NIjAJACe
I i_ 1 _I I i ., 3 :


H COMMUNICATIONS FOR. )1959. ;
he, fact that 'peace :ias been reestablislikd in -Haiti has
ap- no. special sigfiicance for the : casual oserver-fLrom,
id, banada pr the.-United' States who take -lw' and order
l 1 1 .* 1 1 ,I 1 l h l' 1 l i iZ 1 .. '* *1. 1 ," 1 I

it to the hidstraistrie. businessman in' tW or srbed
tuie" uit Va -iofI Tndainarn'q &m tac- he &econstruq tion of'i.e 'normal.'functiotigi.:6f'oan;'tabish-.
iety. It is funda tal f4ri ;ves..nent e.' rat, oh of, :e.-
,ent an improved way oflifel apid f'a!Q 4 Government"
ft... .' ., ,. '" '. .* **-... 1 .. t A- :, ,;,,.. ::. "..\ ,,
, ,,. s .' .. ",. I '.' d *
be. establishment of-.peace ip 19S66 b 1 !bepp the bigi accdn
Uleft 6of, t eAd istratiozi. 4;;' ;;-^r'i. ':,
':eve,-' ;.4,,, 'are. other fundaenalA -.. be- .-.:-AC .'
S .cornerstpe. ': .. :' : L, "
"quisij s and .du.try, .,nd': ii ir of course;
np.ymen .t"4i a iOvd -way 6f i'f,-ai .:.inmumcatoanil
tie. .We know. of repeatedd occasions when 'the PotPOffice
beex closed raila-,aflowed toace nuatriA gng' e
hundreds, of .thousanids of dol]|arasfivp been; delayed, in tirii
ring paWijs,1 -,elatmg paymentss for. rnppliesi 41-then
eom erce... ....hi
il1 l ."l''" t""\ 1 I" ,. --1 '-- ;^ .? '" ,"':.'
cig. odera 'haeo leen delayed. r..sult'g, hi cancellations
eTi To atisfy ap mfediclient fret mtes must.

t 1 h1e.1 .. .
.o '.-.. t.o ,-. .kee ,., '. .,ilen ...:-;.: ,.mgr~~i- :":., ning,

)n^ubmit 1thpnEtha~t an :easily.'gseon; s

o- sedn1
s,, .st,. t- ,sft.ul'.; .,e! .-. 3Ter, gamz.. fi. .l fi.- : ,, s ih
-mmtumcations., the' Mih {elehd e .,. j.I'.lfl e j
,.., (1= r[ t'1 ... I s -.. .1 i- i i l\ d I' ^ I I lll ll "*"' I"** f l* III :'A *l .i *
4 .of the, Custbmk .. An.a'-wb4.p.fd j.,i.,,
measure.'Aviefunda baitfu
..,o P t'. f, A ,- hl f sa ." o
oR arefuzidameqt^al fria^.'4 t~flto$ o

b date mes
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Ch] itms: Reveioivi '

T"q^^hristnas sJ nigm1* tt-
l~brtloziiYt^kflthe iX'rcirml-^ 'Z

inou^^rstaufaiit,^ ^ ':lecb~ion
-ih-e JBoutilljiera stxl- :u^iif.
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Kathnere D a '.. Dutuia n.
i 1 li 1 I ;. "l l I., -
H o!it;ioanL e'Clerc. ';'
'24 .December 1958,^ :-.
fIlar Mrt"flderich.' : ,"I,
' 7Thank.. .you. sp, muc,, frr Ue
"article and :, editorial "yor
Mast Sunday4 editidri> LetV^::
hope' thdt .';;some :,'stip.on. vn
ooni& ,of .your' s tgies ..
-A HappyPCh.stsntian4Nt
y:ew o.:ro,Sbbihgh.in; the';tro
pits' itr never", seems !tuit' true
* 1. r- \ 4 .... j **. : *,.. ,,*
tb^eljy r ^
.R ""bus, bnerely..:^ .

- .?SQTheicbobk AS4'OOP

in'"to200,OOO"Ow-ds. -*: '
^Ed,^kot&-nltwei^t
e erroneol._ .... ..
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...,,hL.-:war lnytn(tllc **.J **.l U ll( ;.v ..-^ ., V

,' R % : i. bench, ; 'p'iArhetdan ",, i Cuisine g"r, ': A.
"n'd et! thdrec.$i6n ofrthe- tenati.qily 'fa-s '

aind Pl ''Inteatieial EBuffet ver Mdnday .
becue bachThorsday
Dk i De" cius colk" iil s ,af1 d other dri. k,,1 :" l :il
, at the.&i.nart.treidei-yous, t'e.-'Round 'Berj a
Dandidg.tnder'lihe 'starb ,o'the irnii& of i
.'Raoul 'Guillaume's Orchestra
Feature 3ntertatfiment
resentedd y Ha~t's *stellar i
i.. ', 'and the one .and .onlyT..! .Roro',. ".. ,
f' .* '1, witbAhi" angic dihnn: 'V%, -",^t''-
-1 i **- ,
: 1 also i the week' Fashion' Show 1 ,
-'.. '.E." *A Night of. Loveliness,.- ..
." .* L .a o. I*t
.: :..producbd. by the o0 in de Pas- ,,
.or iBeauty... ..:Elegance...... Refinement....... ,
." for the FINEST: ,. ..
S VISIT EL RANCHO HOTEL .
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TEENA IO AL MTO OBTE'.A.'gY
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-I1Pa4 efrard, Ph ot 3929 '''?1 IL.
o ",'*.a,.
pow _v .-.'.'.J-:
G,', arage; Ruq. des.- Ceszs, rPo'rt-a~u-Prince,..HaiU K :..: "- *. ,.... ,; l':'{'''1: ":'"""I "
'Ask also0for a mdenionstrat.na;of.6tfre Pick.Yp.A anr -Trucks,.-.tir 9 1em 1 :m.
'ohidity, power 'and capacity ate. alreadI '!wv'really". klio;wn' '. :,;; *,, ; 'y ^ ^|;)|


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T.o- kept -the couiiples I' tr inigi i';^.t' T..
to!rythmn until 4:O6VA. '.M(^Qrn
jth" Ferdinand Dorand.,i1
,Marcpl pepping up the, at'poet
heree with the, roll of'the Pali n ^
bours The Ondbilie- played W',111|
Lamy .drew 'great. a'd.ratioieti
s -did :the other.: instriues '
of 'the orhstr& a -' .....,



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...EVENTFUL YL-Ak GES ,NT R
Ai.r'.. JT fare o.n t-e New u.an Clipper A.m erica .byMra

-ECO' NOMY'FAR. 'Jn tut,, ii'iigural. of didift, i.wint D. Eisennowe..
&'t)stz&Ifl'u iW asv fi'om San Juan to BalZ
ji:: b .' :.:. \;:..: : ." : .'. ".;' .. ,,

m, re ,'s "h '. "'Ii'' '

A'B.-TIN i'dICI .ati-, Washintn, Phi.adel- JETS FLY TO ROME
,,A:; 6 ;fi rariitd *changes 'pi ffand Boq46n, and Lhe irst .
Sand towering, challenges goes .evcnae j=t argo flight bet- Later jet service to Paris
ZtOe'tdlo-becord.:book'fodr pwee.n Miami and San Juan and Was' extended to Romne ann
kNas :5,bws, 'out :,: ',N6w York; and Puerto Ricq. passenger service to Londop
,,l.T. was. the eventful '6ear The' year .also brought the was begun.. At the/ year's end,
-.'wii:c tue Jbt.Age. arn:dthe argest'number. of Pan Arrei- 'jet Clippets were operating
f'0". .a n .
Jcopoy fa werebor.nd .n passengers, ever handled .cross the Atlantic at an aver-
in amaor', .:broug 'ithe. Miami terminal age seat factor- of 96 pet sent
...ns-ugiht. n6P'an,'s c6nJinu id-a new oneda ',record ait Early in' Novemner the je'
.campaign't:- achieve fast. Miami for outgoing'pagsTd.s. Aipper set a new ricord to
capag thfe frtF..pas.-enger ;.~b
Wnt; Thqe firs pss:ergtr'' flight fn Pari.-. seven hours ii6d one
'At:' '"Ci:#'.:6.ca., O'ctob:er 26 climaxed a .equen- iinu'te. .n mid-Nov. it ca.
6W i..fo 16y.i' -. 7:00e bf jet, fir.tE,. f9.iPan Ain tried its passengers on Pan Am'r
-4m" .sbf -ate:1:0 z e, .... : : ..
'c-Oa, Thaed i-tudeid 7'5,00th A.tlntic 2s Late"
.3 ai,.'.cru*sig altitude the roll-out o 0f the irst B ign in the mqntb, it set other
.'&iaflu' `. t e aite
| eamy.;:l 'hetg:.m S i~.~h i: ..07-'120 dat theB.oeig. factory recprd&-rs, :hQ' ,s 41 '53 1.1mi-
comec at. 'Renton, record-settimg fi'gbh. iutes :to PNy;. ': '.
t lin t, heJet:. Age..:'', t..i'ahe.-707'to many -.,, '.-tS, : tsea t"i' ,il. '. ithe S "u ing'
0 "" h "lop ie ezuela, Mei Perto 707 iit.ercoqtue4tal apd- the
,'lipna,:-.., of :'plinning,< ico and. to. Europ; dlvery first Dt-8 'were rolled out of
roi n -e,,~~ obgn test,
.:i' i. lmg. t r...i vt..the' first Boeing .7Oto.Ptn .he. h facpa.i.., to beFin tst
L!,Nha1# Aierican D- lAtn; -cargo flights between Mia fgli.'ht.. he, first 707 titrcon-
Siion hiee saw'.the intro- it...New- Y6rk anr. Pulprt Ri;- .tinental is earmarked"f6or 'deifv-
-. 't."'. .' .of t .* P.i ,. .. k. .t 6
ido the neW ri~t $45. :o; tli chrsteng of the j eryo Pan i. sometime i
V"A>'^ i -. 3." *"1959' 9. -
con wy S 'u'" '"*-'- '" '' -re .atlan tic
lAildrave:Saves 'To The Tra.dHaVw. ..eiM;,e .Api a i
Do., .-it ...' T":..A,.ain. W=:?5ith'. Pix And' I'' '<=A~l ,98
Ei. .".. "..-.:- Publicity. c .lina '.'glo campaign by
&|idiuboe i'{..:12ln i,.t ,p mSr: n Pu^ety^ oper ost a} newh $ 15 i,00,p
,'195 .. 1p,9...
.A cf/.""i:'t"" ""': : "" '"c, ibis, lower-f arc wherb.y Pan-



Thel iunimed
.'.. P P "q y f W"e s
"hd. f 131 -Aoi AneoP"1'. eto
elws, passe.nger re ords..' O .-
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ban. mi iow offers :pnly de.
4 J. .u ..e .uPtriasident' .SpE c ino ande
.. '. .:.


non~iy se6rrvice-witb epro
nort.p.n.e, rly, on .th it.cono
'rlyj fare. side.
.1958. W /ahso the'year -of
,these signfai dventsk
Ez.'ensidn. of ite trasspaciqc
\oqui to;' MelboSane; .Australia!
.,.,.r le : 'l. .-:-Ro W a tet.'f'ihts"..., ... ./ .









:- ,-' Tran"sfe of many of e-'

"1i b be% nt s e Bo",n "S.day "Heral d rions to 'a ni ew $ 15,000,
'othe intere pu for- tho h. Waly' 000-hanr at New~ York Ir-
D J th fr'a colrho oh overseeing the carvig Ao N yrk.
hkt Anioal sei'aiionats:
'." .-an ".
41.
-1 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ : ,. E.u de Bionial 6-n.Wsit n Of'01 Aiits tr mspai
Am o''W elouldnse; .Naet-ral'6 et
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LU.- 1C.,. DH ek .0 .W..
'''. '' 1 1 J 1" h o S E Ao-tSID E 7
7-..



.N. K.YOAEACH.



$perlsb Siokle Watr-Ski
A d, Sail h.i Safe Coastal ''
Watteors- Fr t Kyona /
-7-00-
HTAVV. VYTiii PA RTY ATKYONXTA.


CORD BOOK
"* ", *t '~ -^
during its peak seasons and in Summer d AuriiWh,,i
turn would." -lease its je.s to cords were established'.'
vfitbonrl during, that. airline's member 1 it was "off"
peak season. This agreement of New York a cargo ca
was approved by. the CAB.. o00 tons'"tlea : a. .b'
Introduction of a New sme tiie last yea'j,
SLoo61 which .. mbdernized.1, the niost of the'- third'. qt u
he world famous winged-foot W"eekly dagtbotna acrdei ta
I'-
tradimark. .lantic. ,
Grouaadbreaking at N w '' W .;-Tn.-'. n .
York th6 first airii facility BEACHC M
axpteisly designed ,ot the diover' -IymQ d'Esti"e .:..
haul of jit aircraft engines. 'lea t9 today fqr A
""'I "hife"f t"- "'.ghqS-
CARGO TRAFFIC' BOOMS 'with.q h t ',l 4ok'.
her .husbainAI whd 'is tM
Signing of a mutual assistance he' ub ,.i '
agreement 'th. .. ir -tary at the ..bssyi. .
jor airlines covering situations' r ', ,"'"
im' '*hth' any. one-'o fh k Giaele -,e i
airlines is'.'grounded 'by 'labot Emile= C ..rsp.i..., b
adtioin wvihich do n,,tj, iti z g t -g Scre-', Iet...e,.
eimint- pr&idres &l *hib '"WBW "a i4.4.. ..
... l : eeemb "r.29.tt,..
...........
by g".ei"nt. i 8 h '. .01 ,' L
: .. .- .:' : *^ : 1 ^ -E h tf l o i n ,
. Ai.o.. t' mo.t -.sig .iat ,a i fb f:i-o returhedto
trends which h 1958 produced fori bl a" fhamly Chiw itan
Psa'.;An' was ujisurge Stevet M-dote'ippemr
in"Itd' Clipper eago fraffic. I todithfamly for aIwiht.
Nearly. e" y month,6f 'i.the ".T"eSay- '
H I. I '_ .ll~ ll ^ : .*.*'*

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:-| H~ ..3 .Pitb to. Oop .. .
.~ tpARp. to10,oopi





IAYDECMER 28th. 1958
INAY, DECE4MBER 28th. 1958


.: .A... SUN '.


A'




~F.



~:K 4


IV


*- .. "= --. ,' -., '
,T'& C R'I,"&HeP

W" ,'t Q u',"a.;O qL


S Ilsher's, the 'American's favorite shop where.
,. al prices are clearly marked on every item.
Where. a well-trained and courteous staf6 will
-help yotr to solve.your shopping problems.
I., .WhJie. checks ifud'foreign banknotes are accept
A td, and your purchases shipped. We will glad .
c h, giv' you free information about U.S. customs re
hh has the. best imports from all the o-esf the world. Yo can iv up to guntins .'.id shipping costs.
iom U.S. prices with youti duty free allowance ,of $200. -- over 48' hours and $500 over
; days outside U.S.A. Fisher's, will be a reatshopplr's paradise. Not only free port prices '
HIit mode. mark-up. because everything is concentrated in one- large building. Are youwr
lggest assets in buYing at FiOherFs.
MAIN FLOORROP FISHER'S SHOPPING CENTER
muerlhin Liberty of London Fabrics riAE MAHOGIiANY AND NATIVE IIANDICRAFTS FLOOR -"
ki.ultoni and Prrln' Gloves lawik i ,
otland 'Cashmire Sweaters, Lubin ,
.l';. "~ ~~~~~~~~~ ,. *., .t ,- *,. ~ -. .= _t-


".. in.1' iv II~ i 'fp ri' e rl uniesI
.olcn '-- Godet Louis De Salignae-Cognacs
irqtis Dr D iontesquni Ai-magnac De Kuyper
"lUeurs Aalbor' Aquavjt Danish Pur'"-
.Iai-ls and Silver-- Spalding of Englard -
PSportgoods.
ft. .! ",. =


1a>..gany. quality goods trmni om%,own wo
Sisal and Straw goods -- Vedoo Drums-
i r,'rta Books Film[ Place 'Mats





1 *.. A



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SI'


Iilaia FTi ni'lr'rr ri P..*..' s," Bior.i< --skirts
.lien'r shirts Cuban Grinviwr:i -- Shirts -
Mian Silk Scarv', Swiss Hnndlkerehiefs -
bI? :Lneits P. -ailcd Bap-' [ctit-point Bagg
,',iSlir'si S''4''r'.. oarfmn (~lnroR -- LIbff.


EXCLUSIVE CARVINGS
Painting
Native Jewelry
Sisal Shoes Bags
Tortolsee4imH Jewet,


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THE BEST NAMES IN *:'?
-FRENCH PERPUMES

inueurs .'Braid -
rChamps.es -- .











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.""


AFRICA I- N TH E AMERICAS
-VOODOO A RELIGION-
Dr. Price-Mars, author of- the classic Ansi parla L'Oncle.. outlines the
historic-geographic origin of Vddun in 'this clear and ',concise essay..


BY JEAN PRICE-MARS It I should be enlightening.
SThe termr- Voodooa has been therefore, to measure these con
m saddled with a number of sec- cepts against a modern ethno-
-* ular distortions, and is further 'graphical investigation in order
Misrepresented by. prejudices to evaluate their orthodoxy,
which are the., legacies of an 'and to determine whether vwe
era of colonization. Misunders-,'are npt laboring, under a mi-
V.' standings partly derive from St sinterpretation of Vodun, .and
Domingue colonials' misiritet, a fundamental ignorance df
pretation of a phenomenon 'this phenomenon's ethical va-
-,,which they -observed only u- .lue.
pef.icially, although it mirrored The first fact to emerge
'.Stle beliefs,'mores and customs from -an examination of the
o:.of Africans over a span of three question is that knowledge of
centuries. The most eloquent African practices and religious
',::evidence' of this misinter-preta- concepts was .very superficial-
.:tion, by colonial' historian Mo- in the seveniteenth and eigh-
: ;reau de St. Mery. in his book teenth centuries, owing to the
D-scription To po g raphiqu 'difficulty of access to .the old
zPhysique, C_+iwcjliqjt Cotitnent.- 1Thrmughout this.
Xflstorique de& rla Part*, *inflL Aow petdk. England,. France,.
ais& de St-' Domingue,. .qf a, 1h.l4ndA. Ptugal. andi D]3
a social dances*, wit(ti,% pe*. fw' Umc thein pntration.
,formeris circlin- in. veneratioxm Jtt) Atfrni'st coastal' regonst sett-
-'aroundi a x.. ent t -. i g up. trEading, atr.albng'
Tf.Twte Wte C-mst, witha partici'lar
"from~t Uq0P^*'B4Sel -,I C-pjfOdFefltion. in, tle? Gulf oie
icounf ISa mK ift tbaittde) a.
';trance of..,everal of the p a .ia...ch', as, .the. obsqrva-,
.:ticipants denotes..a, cltist ce- tio&iW registeredi during that, pe-
:-'remony, rather than a social rnod were, Sluerficial. vague;
Sdance. the second iste rever- ,and ,: ixnsfficient, they are.i, on
Sence which is displayed by all' tle. whole, umre~liable. A: num-
;. those present towards the ser- b.er- of allegations indicate con-


* pent. We may r conclude that
d: de St. 'Mery actually witnessed
-*. .religious ceremoney, "exprei
',sing the faith of the St. Do-
aingue slaves. In other words,
the accuracy of the- historian's
:,^ observations is beyond doubt,'
..':but his interpretation of what
Sie saw is open "to question.
A Here,'indeed, js where fundd-
-j mental -disagreement arises.,
Inasmuch as .the facts of Ne-
Sgro life in St-Donmigue in the
seventeenth and eighteenth
centuries, as portrayed by de
;,St. Mery and his contempora-
r i)es, were re-orded as official
.documents, their interpretation
.is the origin of a concept which
:. .-represents Vodun as mere
crude superstition, and the ex-
,.yression of fetishism and witch-
li.


fusFon, if not ignorance. Fetish-
!sm, for instance, is widely, and
somewhat recklessly, accepted
as a scientific expantion for
African psychology. Many Afri-
can writers, and particularly
those converted to Christianity,
are wont to. use this theory Min in
terpreting to. 'the outside world
some of the actions and objec's
characterizing the beliefs of
their people ., .
The truth of the matter is
that the word fetish. stems
from the Portuguese word fei-
tico which, in turn, derives
from tle Latin factius, meaning'
-artificial,. In. the course of
their journeys along the African
West Coast Portuguese navi-
gatbrs claimed to have observ-
':d. the natives paying tribute
to shells, stoses, and other na-


tural objemit and& they' design
natdd the- objbcti of tiis cult
as feitico.
Here again, is the, ewspoous
intvrpre'a.ion off a minundibrs-
tood. fact, and.. modern ethno-
gra#pi chisltngp tihe- ihuoo.siII\
tt.cy, of the, ftsamer as well as,
h*t- logic ef ltl' lslttot" I6 lii
work D'alonmey, an Ancient
West African Kingdom, Mel-
ville J. Herskovits sums it up
in these terms: .
-jLItt as 'the use of such terms
as uJujun in English writings,
imnd' ,ftiche. in 'the literature
on West Africa has served to
introduce connotations that obs
,oure the nature of the gods as
.conceptualized in native psycho
!ogy, so 'the words fetish. em
iplby.ed, summarily, confused
those. seeking information on
: this subject. Moreover, this mrnis
'lading terminology has creat-
'd: a still more serious obstacle
itbr the.' investigator, in ,that
once the native informant has
been taught these words by
Europeans in discussing matters
aon religion belief and usage,
he employs a terminology
which to him is meaningless.
but which experience has led
him to hold as .the only set of
words the EWuropean unders-
lands or recognizes as valid-.
Indeed, the Wes- African Ne-
gro does not worship a serpent,
a tree or a stone; however he
does attribute a significant in-
terpretation -to the. principal.
represented by these animals
pr natural objects. Thus, the
serpent symbolizes 'mobility
and strength. African religious
concepts include the worship
of the power of the forces of
nature,' of thunder, wind and
rain. The African's universe is
crowded with their powers;
they are the most important
factors with which he has
to reckon in his daily life, and
against them he is helpless. He
identifies such deadly diseases
-as smallpox with those forces


,0





i
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I

o
n


DISCOVER THE kMU IO
@ T BEE '



Through Its Pqstage Stamps
For complete information in Haiti 2
Stamps and other details which -will be
furnished you' free of charge, write to6
P0f. Jtv. 723 Port-au-Port-au-Prinice;

--*" FRENCH-

4'


COOKING: m


AT ITS BEST'

ISnails, Onion Sou'

Filet

'Special
*. '
*


'against which: human will, seems rule, and where an. individdW
to be impotent. These impon- every routine act exposes ,-
derables are .translated into a to deadly danger, ma.c!
theogony of uVodu, the Daho comes. a defensive inq4tum
mean word; fon spirits. The hier against treacherous, unkni
archy of deities,, established forces, buttressing the ramiR%
'tiroughi an elaborate mefaphy- of religion against everthrei
,ical process,, is gpveTneal. by endingg danger. A4
*Mlou.. who is baliwed. to- have All factors considered, .
etrnaelltI, and'to Be the Crea- mus: -ask ourselves whethi
tor o0h all, thag m o earth, .,irom-. a. conceptual: yview,
Ite belief in, this Slprente manifestations of magic. aies
IBeihhj may Ile, found' in'every very inferior to some. ofi'.
1a? of1j *-iica. "Though. iis na- loftier methods used& ljt
me varies from region to region, more highly developed religion
and sometimes from tribe to in calling, upon the assistant
tribe, the views concerning him of the Divine in the alleviati0
agree in their essentials. All of of human misery. -."
Africa is deeply immersed in At. any rate,- it is this coifi
religion, and the .assertion that sion between magic and religi'
qno raae fa, more hari the that has been instrunm-ental.]
African, given to religious feel- discrediting African beliefs,'i
lingsn, is fully justified. From that is, in great part, responi
birth to death, every one of the ble for their being branded 4
Aflrican's actions- is motivated right witchcraft. And it.is hard
by religion; the concept of athe- ly surprising that the colony
ism is one that is totally alien masters, by virtue of 64
to him. self-imposed mandate to c
NEVERTHELESS, African vert the heathens to the Chri
religious thought is quite fre- Lian religion, and% passing .jt
quently spotted.by magic which 'meat- from- the remote- .heighlt
simply originates in the univei4 oP their Western civilization
sally-accepted concept that the ;solemnly condemned the varnq
attitudes of a god' may be in- aspects, of their slaves' ebeHef
fluenced by prayers abd. sacri-i Talielng every expressio4.a
[ice From this premise, there tAfrican religion a superstitiqi
's but a short' step to the hope' 'praciioce; witchcraft, or I
tiat rituals, .incantations 'and isnm, |
-ffsrings may compel divinities W 3'DER slavery condition.
to grant some concrete response the. Afriican faith acquir4lI
to one's needs,' andi' the result*vr :aity. of forms,. on the.',An
of, this confusion of objectives 'iban' continerti, There are -
s magic. exact! figures,, bit iut can-.
SIn a world where the forces safely estimated' thab d ial
if nature-storms, lightning.tor- those three.' centuries,, A t `
ladoes- ea in full command,
vitlydisease and- epidemics the (tontinuedk on, pagd I1)' -,


cHIT UN UNA, EEME


RENT A UIVE.- xOUkSELF VOLKS ,AGEN


, FromSOUTHERLAND. TOURS


FREE AIRPORT HOTEL DELIVERY AND PEK-UP 45 AVE. Marie-Jeanne
Tel: 3591
... .___;----------: ______________________________


SUNDAY, DECEMBER


. tHAITI SUN,





NAY, DECEMBER 28th. 1958


sHF[T SUN. S


Do Your

Christmas

Shopping

S In Haiti

It is getting so that people: are
Staking vacations as rhuch to
shop as to play golt, lounge in
the sun or just relax. Andj no
wonder when-you consider the
savings to be had through liree
P.art-Shopping.. A. couple, who
normally might spend $500 on
Christmas gifts finds they can
S.uythe'same'gifts, in free-port
sTops, .at saving uptbt 60% of
U. S. prces.. So,. for the $250
Sor so they save, they enjoy a
Wonderful vacation in, Haiti.
Perhaps. the-most- famous ree-
'port shoR in the world is' La
SBelle Creole. located' in the
lieart of fascinating ,P'ort-au-
SPrince; HKafti. ITers e-onW -can
find a- veritabeif wonderland
full of the world'r most de-
sired merchandise. Swiss wat-
C bas, Clashmeres, Handmade
i bags, Gloves,. Crystal,. China,
SSilver, French Perfumes,? Ca-
= eras, Liquours anW' a' seem-
ingly, endless array pf native
i.. Iiadicraft make- Lai Belle
0,. Creole more' aE shopping: cen-
ter tfon a ordinary shop. Con-
1'i sider that one can buy the
World's most famous Swiss
I catches Pateli Philippe,
; bteg, Ulrsse Nardin: Tlssot,.
Nrrada, Jaog'er Le Coultre;
.: Borel, Juvenia, Audemars Pi.
X guet--at discounts oa. 50% of
. the U. S. advertised prices,
: andi it i, 'no wonder that Lai
i BeWile Creoib is faiious. The
.: ae applies in -China3 Crysti
,j- .anx.,the rest every fine brand
Sis represented. Sifore buying
an expesive watch it might.
1 be weU'si north your, time to,
X.:- conuiderD a, trip- to' Haiti!

Al Noustas, President of La
SBelle Creule' and'Haiti's most'
vigorous promoter of tourism.
Sis perhaps another reason for
; the surge in popularity of
[ free-port 'shopping. His ad-
Svertising in support of travel-
shopping has appeared in most
'. leading U. S. publications and
f he continues to pursue a po-
l:. icy of cooperating with tra-
.vel agents in their various
'pr emotions to- increase toUi-
rism. Among the mo-t popular
Innovations he has7 created ik,
".the practice'of sending a bot-
: tie of free champagne to any-
'visitor- to Haiti, who Sapperin
F to be celebrating a wedding
Sanniversary or tor be on a.
honeymoon.
SThis year La Belle Creole is
Itself. celebrating; a- 10th an,
niversary and' Al Noustas has
Doubled' his 'efforts to make
the worldl conscious of' the
Sadvantage 'of traveling-to-
shodp. The store will hold a
two month long sale offering
even greater discounts on fa-
I; os brand merchandise.
Everyday exclusive items will
hIr.- selected to be sold to visi-
tors at pricess tha', will as%-
tounMd them. No dordibt thou-
f; sands of tourists.this.year will
.::.'.ome home from vacations in
f H-iti, richer, in a way, than
when they *ent away.


Ni
: .. .


ix. f a a


11' '1 pee Ifte






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.00


i Ada jr


4.'


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P. : 0. Bbx 676, PORT-AU-PRINCE,, .IATI







S-MINTON, WEDGWOOD. OMEGA, PATES PEIPE, ELAIN,
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S ROYAL. COPENHAGEN, AUDEMAR PIGUET, fBtpA,0;.
"-ROYAL WORCESTER, JAEGER La COT H, utwo,., ,.F:
ROYAL DOULTON, ULYSIE NARDIN, RIVOf, litREV N#I6 1 6
^aiROSENMIHALE, SPODE, ATANTAt STUIJIO, CAAVEN, B OAtLBd d j
A AWTSLE,. COALPORT, ViCAIN. FABGEOFPAl
SGUSTAtUBERG. JAN D'ALD te.' Ri
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KISLAY.C66t
GE6OGR JENSEN, ENGSH DOESKIN, A ".
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IrAi[.I QUE, BAIPCARIUBT; '" ...
ORREFORS, pave d f t --,
WW a CORBETT, DANISH- SMVE, An
VAL SOLAMS GOLD & SLVER JEWaY MM and 'L
STUART, LEBMA3N. n_ ad AZILAN GES. SPANISH LIQUIEU.. .|
3 :,

4 *HAITIAN HANDICRAFTS "


SCULPTURES
JEWULEYl o .4.:
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Ng~~~fl-~~S NFtary Outlet Imhuosli
IA- / "






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HaWawi RUM ARRANCOURT

Have ur Seni g s your friends in the U. s. A. /
without affect `f your q|uOta.- See us for more iiformatjiC # -


44 6 : -.' "


'. .. .. "...'-
. .*


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, I BN 'i 1I l I__i__I
, ..* .- .,* -t i a a

SAFRICA 'IN THE AMERICAS
continuedd from page 8)
.:poured dozens of millions into the present agglomeration of
the slave markets; several mili thirty milon black souls were
'lions of these human. beings dutifully converted to Catholi-
.' were hured into the hell of\the cism of Protestanism during
..mue and plantations thrcugh- the flowering of the slave
!,out'tthI"Americas.- As the. stock trade,'with each contingent land
. grew .searoer'along' the African. ing' on the soil of the New
seaboairci, the traded 'dncited World automnaticallS associating
'the Negro chieftains to carry itself, with the standards of
:t.ieir expeditions to the interior; Wdstenn culture.
S:,.-and this explains why the en- Was this compulsory conver-
..slaved blacks scattered in every .ion sufficiently deep-rooted to
Part of the new ontirtent, re' turn the neophytes away from
;:presented a microcosm of each their. primitive religion, towards
v. variety and specimen cf t4e a sincere adoption of Christian-
zI.Negroid peoples of the old ity? The ethnographic evidence
orld. '.. offers a categorical denial to.
n'" ." ,... this .assumption. ,
.the European settlements 'The old African cults live
> :r Central and South America, on in the Americas today, not
a'-- tin the Caribbean, th ee, in their original' form perhaps,
';jien and women constituted the but'adapted, through an elabo
i'fdavm populatioi of the lands 'ate syncretic, process, to the
.,tbOideiing the ,Atlantic in Nbrth' conditions of modern life today.
...America: of St. Domingue, Cu- This can be seeh in 'the4popu-
'a, Puerto Ricp, Jamaica, dqnd clarity of the enduring practices,
?.the many, Caribbean Islands; in the various adaptafions of
: of Mexico, Honduras Ecuador, "the ancient to newer beliefs,:
..Colombia, Venezue&a, ithe Gui- arid, in some'areas, in the spu-
;-nas,"Btazi:. Argentina; and so rious and emotional Christian-
(:iL^ rAssembled ihto more, oiles. ization of the people.
e.their numbers .in -'the various. The most conclusive evidence
regions these. slaves brought '-of this survival is the broad
Their beliefs, theif practice bind' conitinuance. of Vodin.every-
..thdeir mores to their new lands. where. on fhe American conti'.
,'In countries like Mexico, Ar- "nent Let me put it'quitd clearly,.
Sg...tifla, or -U Unguey, where ,for there are those who argue
'they weie -relatively few. in that 'Vduh is merely the cult
-mbern .the groups .were assi, of the Haitian peasant comrmu
:milated into the human mass. nity, a,simple' synonym for
,Iseiwhere, as. in, the 'south, f witchcraft practices; they point
;te United States or in Brazil '-cut that .it is vigorously com-
|. ',hey. "ots6lidated' as imbitnt batted by the Catholic Church,
minorityy groups in the rtish, as well s b, th$ various de-
"i'French and Dutch Antill;:' nominations of the Protestant
t.htey .became the dbminat ria- faith, and that its manifests-
i:j.nty.-i'i THaiti, with a 2mner- tons are regarded as misdea-
.ialratio of 90 per cent of the,, meanors, punishable by law
'p -poptlation, they eventually ab- To all of this, I must answer
t quired independent statehood. that'these contentions. are sheer
, ..I arwe to believe the Euro. social hypocrisy; his attitude
*eanb coldnials, the ancestors of is a colonial leftover. Both are



16
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-V OF: HAITI SR


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HAITI arm. SUNDAY, DECEMBER 28114


nothing else than Western trap-
pings in which those members
of the Haitian 6lite who are
obsessed by collective Bovary-
ism choose to cover themselves.
Another reality of this ques-
tion is that present-day Vodun
practices, if we leave aside the
special exhibits for tourists, are
the expression' of a continual
merger of many African reli-
gions. There has been a cluinsy
adaptation to Catho li ci sm
through the imitation of' some
of the Roman rites. In addition,
the Vodun of Haiti, born of the
iridiscriminate mixtures promot-
ed by colonial life in St Domin
gue, assimilated many features
ofk the different faiths of the
numerous tribes that had been
subjected to a common spiritual
Icdercion in the new land. And
we find a considerable number
of deities, endowed with similar.
or closely resembling attributes,
which were interchangeable
from. tribe to tribe among the
Nagos, I b o s, Ashantis and
Akans of Africa.
In some respects, Vodun, sup-
'.plemented by magic, is a .new
religion; at any rate it is prac-
ticed, more or' less onlyy," dis-
creetly, or perceptibly, every-
where. on the American conti-
nent- Let us look at the United
States, a Protestant nation.. In
the deep South, where the Ne-
gro population is compact, reli-
gious feelings are expressed.
through self-generated emotion-
alism which springs' forth in
the course of spectacular ser-
vices. Some of the congregations
feature crises of possession,
with the 'Holy Ghost allegedly
-mountings a few elected sub-
jects. On these occasions,'the
hymns, ,the rhythmic beat of
the wdrshippers' hands and feet.
keeping time .with the dance
turn the divine services into a
chb6reographic ceremony.
Such authoritative observers
as Warrington Dawgon, author
of Le Negre Aux Etats Urdnis,
and Zora,Neale Hurstbn, in her
boo* Mules and Men confirm
the existence of a Voodoo cult.
in. the Negro communities of
North America's deep south.
And MelVille J. Herskovits ex-
plains this process of accultura-
tion in Man and His Workp:
cReinterpretation marks all as-
pects of cultural changes, bhe,
writes. It iS the process by
which old meanings are ascrib-
ed to new elements or by which
new values change the cultural
significance of old forms. It
operatedt internally fiom' gene-
ration to generation... integrat-
ing a borrowed element ivto
*a receiving culture-.
In the British West Indies, a
similar progression has taken
place. Observer in Trinidad
describe the cult of the Shout-
ers, called spiritual baptism,.
which is nothing more than a
reinterpretation of the ancestral
beliefs in Christian terms. The
-cult of Shango. God of Thunder,
which is a survival of the Yo-


ruba belief in the divine powers existence and activity,. A.4,
of Nature, is also observed. Nicene., Creed, literally. traj
The OBI or OBEAH beliefs, ted, proclaims: 'We believe;l
whether in Jamaica or in Bar- One God, the Father Almigl
bados, originated with the As- Maker of Heaved and' Eartlis
hantis of the Gold Coast. Fur- all things, visible and invislle'
their on, we shall see the rela- But a triple personage haS bee
.ion between this religious cult invested in this.Supreme B61ing
ard the Voodoo that came the Father, the Son and the'
from Dahomey. ,- ly Ghost. In his celestial aboq
Thus, in the Anglo-Saxon the Creator is surroundedjb,
communities of the New World, angels and saints who ej
reinterpretationn has been ex- eternal beatitude. .
pressed by the imprint of the Curiously enough, all of thog0
tonality and rhythm of.Guinean African regions which' supOli
animism, and within the frame- the greatest share of slaves t,
work of thd Protestant faith, the American continent also be
In Dutch Guiana, African ani lieve ih a Supreme Deity;.hib
mism,and polytheism have sur- too inhabits heaven, and ls.aa
vived almost intact, both in tributes are similar of those S'
form and in depth. There, the the God of the Christians. Aa'
cult of the spirits, called "Win- matter.of Net, the Catholic-'En
tin remains 'qute similar to the cyclopedia goes so far as to.A
practices of the Gold Coast As- sert that, in. one form or anu
hantis and of the Yonuba Na- their, tKe concept of a suprenl
gos. There are also" some of the God! 'is true for all of Afric
Haitian Voodoo divinities, i. e., and- not merely for its WesteW
'LEBA or LEGBA, or ELEG- part. Tis would ten& d.streiin
BA, the God of the Crossroads hlien our 6wn reasoning. -
and of the Homes, and LOKO, r"ti
and Dagowe. Japa Gadu or Vo- Hevcerp o all not rese
du is the most venerated of all the sope of our research hj
the gods. confining it to the limited are
,. 1 we~look at tos A*erican of the Gulf of Guinea. Let^.
sinlee out Dahomney',0whoe
nations that were colonized by in ou Daropiej, whose ;ej
Spain, Portugal and France, all .,'' a tron fle
Catholic powers, we' find the ver the many other commi
S .ties of the'same regidn. Geoffr
same. reinterpretation, but in a t .G"
'Gorer, author of Africa Dances
strange form: To my knowledge describes Dab omean el ef ai'-
no observer has been able to wrds, '
these words: i.a
offer a plausible or rational ex- ame the Dahomei
.1. .. '* -he name the Dahonwea
planation, of the syncretic pro- h u t
r fetishers give to the Creator'ol
cess which determine d the rei- = Ceo,
ept i o Ctbo all things visible 'andi mvisibl
derpretation of Cathioc dogma'. Mu _. --
t~,pretation of Ca. t *: .a 'is Maou. His' symbol is the 'f
and rites into the old African H s i the'
a1d rto te: o: ean It 'is necessary to remembn
mold, in' Cuba, Brazil or Haiti i .. -..B
n to p a to '.Lnhim in your prayers, but HK'
According to Spinoza, CaLbo; byt 'p pwri, he callo *
,. ,, r ,1A' far 't0o powerful .to be eaMl
lie theology situates God, the to powrfle, to
Creator of heaven and earth, in do ."n y eny ho w
the' category, of the -first and ept.Cosegntly, He ha
supreme principle of universal (Continued On Page l29


S, .


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SUNDAY, DECEMBER 28fl





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Ua pta SONNETS
an point hteps en bas cieJ], pantoufliers, scorpions,
_3:Congpej Morel, araighdes h orabe, t edolopendres,.
;'yaxang-uesAd'irgent qui prend muscadins pour.prdbene "
:..Et m&me chien enrage qu'a mordd -n' lap crojkplon,

: Mdan morelles'lan poudre, pour effacer champions .,'.
'Et puces A chiques qui' fourmailld c6t6 qu' gain cendFe,.
|" LGongolo noir, cercuei'] pour ipoune qvi.pas, vIe. rende,
t%.Couleuvres a create .qu'ap chiuffer corps yo,soytapuos;
in% p 4
:. V p",f'its potr f, K' pcurnyoL.:ving qwpre vieu e5
Mian point sensible m'rini vri, sand:.caut6le a.orag .ou leurre,
!Mq terrific mW', e pseido-vierge..sans pretedts; .-'.

-Beft&'ga, pas janme mnanqu6 diserc, eajrabande. .: :,
Inicubbes, lan oiun chapitre, lePppol y 4il ppe. 'n..
'7.'lan ileiuxime. boAcie vieiell file, to'uj'ur rpt .ps -. dent.
K ,I .

.''Lan Ui combinaisons i'Argrnt, pas inveiglez '" '
^.;Qua1 lakue'qii ;euI es'pbir pour Tnegre atte'iu*&e-tuxtc' *
"'.Chaque bagaille gin temps i, laisse faie la nature,.
,.' i perdii cacrie, pole canetp, boeifa'beu-0. ,
,,r .* .: .. ....' ". iI,
"'tLan champ cieo]e; A.al bourrique' quj mal engaeI...
61.a -Witatre oen dns avant Vincent, Voitre .
,Prpito dns.,fo6c L"auch te:.glj sou plure .
&ai, eo, p4ie&rq'te #i6 b!'n 'barbouquete angle.
: .10 .... ... A" %.
kPuIs. bi. ,h'lfoi .~lgtc,. pAusk' i: paraitq lan tete affiohes;
n.tUa.ttp 'trap eair pou.r z'-yeux. e.assi.ux, .pich ..pi.ces ..
,:L "par4dt abboti .,c alais jon. co. tentement "
A
r?:ln tad,1 #'onae a POA rder; revantLpitces .et belitres..
'Commeiiit Minitris d'Etat'.te6,b' h6 d'entendlement *-.'."'"
+." qne.'. 'apl ..ti %a atixa 'chapitre.; .- :
i, '^ / / .'il :~v .^ ,' ...

W i mea' minche courte cbm z'ailes manclipt, lan claque
W lfr ,* i ., ,. ,* ,. -
: ... k ,, ". : : : *' :." : ",. .'. "* *.'* .' < o P "e .._
porte ~ ~ ~ NO Yultttag4se)oh
; U' r devantAa e poP e.pnripot'gs rago.s;
f Quat n a mete oun bauza ]an1 main-,pateil magot .
Ta touin Nabotwqu anp. '. ...*a.,'

nlan oun pays energiiges, oby te.re.ru..,,, "
it. foa, i na viie point rmplaer Jpiles Ma., o;, a .
ItEP..r'.>ltte brvo, l joine' cretius et fo"ce 'gauds .
.Qu l'ap pteac ccuyMnise.e C ig "? :
%)(0 N. Pr, 6 ': ,, .-.et" .
' Ti connn itgnSqnut, lan"olwre, rapier ."
A chaque nouvea' OU, I tom .:pu .Quatr ,
. Zi..'tt .ab, *iin pas passed 1, maiger 'argenm npgae'.,ptte..
tFJ ;.. '-
S q' ,"* % ", "' '.' "" ,. E ^ .t"
n_ a.re, fiifi,' eomb.i' et .maltote .,
i..:4Da game, ouni saeaptsse, p -ir tpi.jolrs OM .rdi. ',.,
44 ; ..-, IF. .
I" i Sa A ". "f ,.-' 'f
O,,cOu, pi9d cause, l'autre na, main ]an nin, rautre"Ian poe.e,
g[7 n.'ete gmrail4r, l'm.uiayable Saint-Amant, -
,x Oropdiir~ poud6, fpij marvave allpmand''
U* Qagtip.darnin derriere 1' cowiP e'il tqp 4ffll ciosbw;

vmps a w'rin riim. quiards, ntre en F ri
Ffi. ..' T 7 N .

:De.opaeage a Patio, eorsairce Baie des Flamands, .
&it Jfoi; .beumre 4 Versales, cot' nobles, dos cocodumqa,
E.taon cra cage ', mpgotU ap imesurer d6bauche.

is Court restecounesa 'I mi .re: fine dompter,, i .
es m pito, tout pleIn jeungee et nAVvet '
'.'el gueune'a tetoii qu'ap crever verdiugal.

argue quant an Grand Siecle a 'froufrpus et troutroug,
VAN ae touite Sai4nit'frusquin 1", peau qu'gp greater 'la gale,
iLw is XIV 4c' oun perruque en -niche it poum .'
:Y. IV.-- Orvq Fauhs .. .
JLe monde tournin arhne en has rayons Phoebus,-
.tiUfur z'odseau Jupiter qui, oontre 'ours i BoreP .
La4 ramasse zanmis, cornm n6gociaints, degrees;
f-tnie oun-ti philippin cab senri- fidibus.
4ii" **i -


cnaz'n ~UIfl~
~.' 'il --


*
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Y hqe.aP.I .7 :_2a
Yo c~haque,. bases 4(o.'chtrcher ac prunelles ou -Argus : .:
-De M6kong a Soudan, .di Nil iA la Coree; ..'.'.. .' ; ';:
Ppsr al4saille champ libre. h grand panavirees D r E dunnig
C ..a qui ,va gain -pluss moyen et pluss quillus. :. o:.f;"oinm ,.Wiwcouint.ji

P Pnair m e bnubil4 par ,cpuIlelr peau, t-te lise, 4;. r Ie .:-,:pi!:t ': t.. .i
S Oryal ap dkranger, .. rt -.a malices, .. .. ...
,Quuan jount ecbecs mor.t4 et lAa heque pousse p1 n :. pn. of A.i.'

o, ia on. ma d' surprise ., p reil co jDoncture .... -..,'. :.. l. : -. '.,., .
':ma .' .'i "' n .. "i .. ,A ... .::'*-. a"lCle+':) n .;[- i L"'J "*h B*a ~ a "
I,. Co .mm.e ..,Ap-depluq m, FaAbu., .o trubnon,,.,...: ,< ,.:, ..t. + .;... .. ..

*ee*' .* J'AW S j3. L -: -., j`:L a t :* '\ .
Z'ail. l'agla-qu'alp O6tndp envergnre.* '4' 9Honort. Th
oI N-1 9.'-_ -, "" ,= "' :.'.'+ :c m re w~%.lxe~ i p




Des t i..e Retuirns N '.... '. ... ., o ..j u. .
T M."Y..Afterk Cestructiopn Co. S.A.
.European Tour... : '
T h .M .' ....._.,.. .


*The internationally 4vell- '
I"-ow 'n'. .tiAn a Builders Of The M6'6t,' y .City
^i~ph&r, 'Lean-Leb DSSTINE'.*^ /' r A ', '.. ^. -'- .-- *. *. '';. **'^
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his cc'elt6a&'a'ce company 7 Gi-. M"naet "rardTHEARD
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rop .fi -g 'hi'cb de f.l o ". e '-=. '.: ,5., 5. P O ." 4.'. ."..'
.," ... --.. + !,': ... ... + :'." ;', ", .'" ", ; ." '". ." ;. = ::.:'.


'of MHaiti wajplacdd ona Jhi gh ;." --. .- *'* .. ':'.'' '
.... r t ';' .. : "' "i .' .: '.' '- '..,a &'.,
'- A DA'ce tin i. .. .. ..t-atta I. ^n e :,.r...r T*y ..' : ..; .. ..,,.t.i
a *om* .j .. .. 4. :
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I ,.,.:- 5LJLI, U'5 '.-...VV.I- WTA .. .,a8.-.u..o
sa'd r ft t "j-w'.plic .M Haii;
at the,Brsel" World's Famri
received. temioendous critical a.c-
,p]. aA r ,.
IahDl ,..; .." ,..: *". ;
ig lifiht. of .di t iour. inlu-
ed. peeia}l P-oer ,ance before
he ..Begian Roya7 .ily..
The Conmpany lsoappeared
L'. Spai,' if y,.,. Switzerland,
Holland, Firanc, Portugalt 1-
.os .-via dEngland ,-... ,
ROVI FAI'.LYVII
.< .. .., .' .. a" .., L ."..-
, M tn iCtire Ageni Lb -r
Salkow and'i'fe-Lona' of H6olly
wood. Cal., spent several days.
'L. W .. P. +: o~td :
he+ .at-.Hotel Montana; this-
p4t wek. -The* C!"ple shoutedd
aboi t for ideas',iA falet to'
take bbck to"- Holywod,'iand
were:great y impressed iiy the
Hotel 'OIoffson '- Show, saying
the alv6 ood spirit o tie. daic';
ing was .ifabodl-is'. ,Mrs Sal-.
rbl said she. f1ouni .uikb gel-
laitry a. -g the m.-en 61 this
countr-. ,aft&:' sli';e heei ed a
* <... 1 ; .' ;" ";- -, .,",'.;..', "' ." ". ,"-
special compliment for ,her lo-
', r ".., '. ,'

RiLaer'c .fie .t
g_ ,5Writd i
'Dewitt Peters
i- Lila Acheson Wallgie.
Edors Reader's Diget
SPleasanf il4, 'N. Y..

S Novmbdr 26, 1958.
lpeai Mr ,Paber -almst .n
Crediting y.oifrt- lmbst single
handed efforts, Eileen. and Ro-
bert Pbllock tell in eth Deom-
"r' 'Rva'der's Divest, howv aIa'.-
ti Shows Its Colorsmi Their fi.
,z-trte d acebun of -your Art.
pCenter and its vigorous enooik.
?agement, cf thfrttVe art can be
expected' tbo bring many new,
vihi.ors t6-the Osn'ia.. You have
every teasqn to be proud of
,the work you' haWe done.
The ,enioed:. copy'.of the.
magazfre is .eb..with',qur conm-
'iTmentsa nd good wishes.
.' incerely .yours,,
S DeWt Wallace.
*,1, ..;' / -


- *" *.. ... "..- .. ....,1-. ."-

-.7 Ti sa^ *j 7"''C^ Y
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-'.;/ 5 Minutes to6 Dowitown PEQrtan ce
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ErMELY RtDYATlPifl
V.. *y BEIBi i:? 4G


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-.:oNA'BLE..-S". ":,. "'PENAt



WHEN YOUCOMEjO'1AJNJtYUA

AT R451: ; o.;
,EH T,L





'P IE N:-., ,.,,:--j+e..
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T. :-,, <...... : .: ,,, ,. -. le 's were be r8'of t e StIte( ,ea,'. i .ma. be a.ke why % It.II .i..Pa i. ... a .I .." i
". ,* -.' "- ".:."..; '' ; .". I o. ub to. d.nvestiga.te"nhs; a ," a .. poke to ".' .ei .
.... no .ezrvant iiicli tbitiop and: hs creatures, there this logal and forced conversion ...am, ," ., '.I-- ".dai% eLent' ron -eL' .'
*. .-L p .2',.g t y it wh No w t t h, a (.Y'.. .. '.d I
.''(i .Ch reir ''o
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-? -L,4 ,e I I Lrc" -(e toW k

ri^f...o.,bl r.. .hii.: g.o ,wM(^\th.' S,,pre Bem- r.les .,wh'ole arted adh!erne o.; hi' .. st, .place, Da.o..'an .o ," :' .. .. .. "- ..' ,, it;may
..rob,.,o.,., In i e wt;l x'.o. dtf ae n" t e'.." "', "
.. '.,s."., t i" .-;%I ...us .u.-I-- / a no ,g.. ia.tf ol thaangry -o" e i..
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Sl'th .~hiJ^ 't^'^.^ iE.ti- Gr~gb-i~'i .n e~todijaT /nnifjrst c t esry~t plae ao e od ,.iui !"; *^~ f .
kAi nulM.!t ms.f:aon:.',. lccii.. rafio "iP i# ^ 'wn. -'", a t B. .:.The ot s hiM e "of i- i 'nu.i: "1 bodiesi -. dd" '"' 'I.." '
IfS':. o r. .e .. g l k p i ... .. : ... o..t. .'oAa. !..aI. Q !x rem Beii. e 4 1 p a r h le ona,.. a-ie e n 'a .:
Si $ Qcdnpb sition'u ar e I: a th T rgd& -.,- n:e w fai.th. w t r ,'-. w as, nrou n"i.ts10ae r otan"pr e .. ,
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thle't ieaa wi. fete sypieatedi ieioteric .riquals whlh Ng riinch/a *. parptiothe olAy, o n .
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"i&. the Wellesley 'Faculty who vi- Nicole Duplessy did'nt open a dresses... Police Chief"a.
sited Haiti three months ago. dae Patou to Voodoo, show 2iiel Beauvor persmonnllyi iy;
0iaJ1< J, --o-- .with her splendid, figure clad pervised the.. dakbutiqnsb.Oio,:
kt t .. .'.." ': ,
"r '- Yale University Prof Bryan *n a bathing suit Monday. Tle 'tickets a to tos,.wrpngly parr.:
Freemen is spending a two week Oloffson attraction had a legi- ke. in or .air iy. ;
a- ttv^S^ ^^/^^ Bi .vacation here. With a Phd be- t i mate excuse-appendlieitus... rr- '- .
!^ .S.1 -^ signs with an M: A. The Ph' vered an authentic touch of Lol- ing wind .pdtfieV1day vutt..
l 'W^ S -Jl-- ^" is in French Literature he ita in the Montmarte show here-.this*Week..The-Wicoiu:
a. ,/- ,'- I spent a year at the Sorbonne, '(Beau RiVage( on the Blvd H. State Legislatute Re'esenti.
^i^^and his Haitian friends don't S. Truman Friday night... The ve (elected for.2ndter) 'and.
S. bother io chat with him in-En- Baconlu "players at the Shan-,. is wife, enjoyed& their *stay. in.
gsh anymore go Night Club. (Ibo Lee), Tue childing a tarip to. the Citadel
gsh anymore. ,, ,, '.-,,.
ae'is the, ew daUbgh-' aChristmas Cocktails at the \ day nights.danced like.no other and to Jacnel. ,
. and Mrs. Jacky Aui-. Robert Fambrini Morne Hercu- groupu. D.irectress O"dete Wei- .
a' last Suhday in Long le Villa- Tuesday from' seven nera announcing is soli,'so is Attorney -atd Mrs Charles
even pound Claudine to nine launched many friends Rock and.Janice. Rochester Madelinp dancing. The folklore Lawrenc&, are spending a week
dacrher eoiggreen hEere from hicago.
[rd child in the fatmi- of the Embassy couple'..into are 'spending their holidays dancers wear becominggeen e rom Chicago. ,
sr is the former Mo- the. right spirit of Noel. With from their professors chairs at The Etoile CinIe evue appeared this week. FiAe job done'"
tyfuss. the biggest trle and- ,loveliest the Carol Morgan School of by Hpmnri. beschamps Print-4hop and fhash Publicity... The SBg'
ooo .Crib North, of Gros Mornmethe Santo Ddmingo (Dominican Apine docked here Christmas day and unloaded 210 Venezue-''
1 Henry Warden 'De- Fambrinis did a fine job of la-. Republic), at Port-au-Prince. lans-non of whom -proved4 to be spend-thrifts... A. ten..inch .
Rmsnder of the Telts delling out the Christmas cheer. They are friends of Colonel freak snow fall covered'a sleeping'diplomat'in his Canap Vert';-
"Canaveral Florida is -o- and Mrs Max Duthiers. The home last week, when attetping to spray down an intransit '
ting with Air Mission Ms rn ire otri uir eh tpigt-srydw n nrni
ng with Air Mision Miss Irene Pierce, Doctor in Junior, Rechesters hail from rhosquieto, his wife reached' for the wrong spray. .The -"deci-.'"
l. and, Mrs. Johnson. Psychology, arrived MIonday Seattle, and have been teaching' de proved to be snow for the Christmas tree...... Ti Barbe h.ats
bim launching the baby from her Wellesley, (Massa- social science to the neighbors dropped the word, that:'the Casino under hew management will
,. Col6nel is accompa- chussetts) College teacher's for the past five months feature big names like Nat King, Cole efc... This season there'll.
ki[s. Warden, his 'bro-
Mrs. Warden, his bro- post spend two weeks here. Rock's main interest is jour- be dozens of places to chose. from to dinie..and, dance. The only... .',
.sisteilaw. o Doctor Pierece also occupies nalism, and he 'writes for seve- shortage is cobs... Tourists are complaining about having to
00:. the post of Director of'the De- ral .Seattle newspapers. He for- spend too much time in the, immigratioA and customs on arrival-
;TherIee Duvivier is apartmentt of Psychology_ at the merely. worked with.U..S. Sena-. here....They say they get'punchy with all the white paper (Red"'
Qn New York to spend McLean Hospital in Boston. 'tor Warren G. Magnusqn, Chair Tape)... Mr Mauclair Zephirin has graduated from the sCodl.' o;
is with her family in She broughli greetings from' her man of the Inter-States 6nd lege after along course... 11 Fidelists,were released'frodiii jAt .'
colleague, Dr Leila Susman, of Foreign: Commerce Committee. 'here... Theres a change in the airforce high-command... .' '"

she m A

lflaAn VOc RENT ACAR .... A*
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| SINCLAIR STATION IN PETION-VILLE t, .]<
Fu,46X. 2 ,;. .- '. A. :,,- .
0'A ERN3' 7R





















M anPort-au-Prince Branch Office ,
AT N IHaiti herie '-'
.1 Next To RCA Buildin '











11-? ~~'Opposite Royal Baik. Of Canada ? ?
Phone 7436 Phone N.3968











""- REE PTICK-UP ADDELIVERY- HOTELS -AIRPORTS ANDPIR
-Ava. ilabl.e.AtA l. Lea ding Hote ,.
-" r. : w! 'W. .. ."W W ', .;i '," ....':
All Rae Includ Oil,.as, Inurance










"..-
Lg' "+ I: + + .' V':+. .. ": .




aJflAtiAJ.R ) p l


' "


0
F-


tVlMONDAYAT, 9:45 P. M.

ITHE OLOFFSON SHOW


(FROW, PATOU TO OODo0Q
;: < ... -. *. .s -'*. ^ -' '. .
*' :*. .er:., e y ,er.the .Olpffson show draws more .people than we can '
....o. ...aci.omQ'dat. This. year 'From Paton to.Voodoos will draw
S "i." .bigge rotd v. '

.". Thati- i4 h the Managenment of the Hotel Oloffuon has establish-
.:: e4 a reserved heat system so that everyone maybe properly seated.
," -W SUP.GEST THAT.YOU RESERVE 'YOUR SEAT IN AD.
... "-. .ANG .'-Ti ; .k v *
V...E. o a ilablenowatHotelOlofso
SBeird tables ,$2.00 per person '.

n.diii H Ro6m'at bar:4 $.00 per son -

d.eand h $5.00 pe person(The ,\

4a 1p99 rneoOA u ',. *


: ",. f -,,- ?. .-- :- 1; ,..' -; ,. Z- -... 1" t"U,."'.. '
BRE.G TESTRESOURCE

Dc mat -4.0604mo -ma* WIVC4**




Gree .ricl.? ,is. vg. Y". h'3ai,,ira] labor.-
hJO~~retr'sistnsGet aitirisaoturiesch iniatsa pihy.
JSOM R &tor.' sicaresources',on ihas n-iik.
sciig lelu ex- ralssand power potential, -but
^Ype'steeting: it is rich in climate, 'eogripli-.
iate at this sea- cal locationn, agrclturl potei
;,,wheni. we cele-' tial, and' especially'- hhuman- re-.
,6?' th:e Saviou, sources Work done in *de4elop-l
miinfiai-of the ing he latent power-of the o-'




v4" A


pie of the eoittry and in pro-
*viding them .with _modem-.fech-
nology wil .pay great dividends.
Te extLension worker the school
teacher, the urae, the hqme de-
montratio: agen', the engimqer,
an .al-the; .' techimcians'
.vorkinglfor or'witl the Goyeri-
n ent of Haiti or the joint .coo-
o erative service A6.. rough.t-the
nation should\tAike aigreae 4al
Afaeatisfaction in :.the fact ..a'
it is thpy who are a providiA g
,'he" key which will' open, the
door to :-a better'i-way of life"'for
those with wbom they a-e; work'
ing, as well as toward ,a more
prosperous nd:-happy nation.
The: coming year will afford
an opportunityy -for those asso-
.iated -with the ,development pro
ram,' in Haiti to-':iake' a: -real
*conftribption to the improve-:
ment of the welfare of the peo-
pie. -Cooperation and the eo:.
:cenatiiimorf effpot by dedica-
t ejd. p lbie '...... 46 1'ove'
ted- public .ervants ca 'Walve,
.'an t tf.hte problems now'iac-
ig us. Th. .concentration-.it'l"
effortss of all- technieains. .wirk-
iug throighiput 'the 'countrywho
thei 'th6# -he jelool teachers.
gronoines,- or .engihae!rs,- ou the
n -.? .. ... .
production of m6 od ifi' he1
re jn .g~0 4 P i'; ,: .. rk, e u't 'd
I am nite, do 1 c 'I.t"' ra" 'he
standardd .of wit, tim, at the e
"ire puation a.I iAn the
sopeio' of a yeaf.
v e1)4115 6 the patyep, first
Is: dtif t hffvieesi Very great-.
iwith the Mt. (sa-
iftiok 7techniuiainis aivflablk ht
Haiti and,.witba their sincerity
aild devotion to duty.
4P 'fact, I have been so im-
pressed that I feel confident
that; as they build up hia effec-\
tive public service organization,
'they will accomplish w,h aslt
might be considered impossible
elsewhere. It is because of this
that we can lobk forward with
Confidence to tFWi, New Year..


Pan Ams New
Station Manager
(Continued from page 1)


in the Industrial Relations De-
partment, an was.promoted to
supervisor in less than a year.
S He was appointed to the
San Juan post ii May, 1955.
Flani'gan was born in New
York City in 1916, but' moved
with his family to" Baltimore;
Maryland, as a youngster. He
attended elementary, and high
schools there, and Was grhduat-
ed from St.. Mary's College,
lEmmittsburg, Maryland, i n
1938..
Prior to joining Pan Amer-
ican, Flanigan we employed
by thed Glenn U' Martin Air-
craft' Company at Middle Ri-
ver, Marylard. '
SFlaniga is married and is
the father of a ddughtet, Patri-
cia1 15, and a soi, Terrence, 7.


Bishop

'io Vis


Bishop Frede rti
Los Angeles, speaiz"
here this week.:-4
panied by Mrs. Jord
tiuimished Prelate'^ W
of the Mission Boar
friein Method isti
ChIrch included Hai,
of his' four weeks to
Caribbean. They ari,
at the Majestic Hoted
au-Prince. '

Bisho# aAd Mrg. i,-j
rived in Port-au-Pri
after spending Crili
maiea. This is" theitin
Haiti. Their tbuour.A|
badoes, Trinida&a'.Bi
na. Tkhy wi-vJtrt
leans before, r.e h
Angeles. .
,. $1


.Ames Oruig lyr. rdan isI
.aRIL~&AI.~FILLES ianta, Gebrgia. Hs
S.. .. iqp. 1 bonr, in-Lousvil,
ACt.umed. g They went to LO A
iye at lest on prfarm years ago where he
acre on their lour, of the Ca- yatr -e war g"
.*ibb ean next year. *, i .,. ... .. P
-" Mr. A ar' .who e.at, o hopry'/later, an"d"as H
-*Mr. Aimear'.wAO flpent four -". : ;
': *"*,' iMi~sion.BoarA-has ,v
'-ays here as guest of Mr. and Mibsio.'nBar. has.
Ire. Dadlai o. the Maisoa. '(hial Gnd WeL.
MOental' saiAhe dancerswould official n.pectid
rolably';be able ,tb put 'on a jr('
'howin November. Honorary Guests of the''eY
Consul 'in .Ceylo ii for the lippe Van P eC-
ininimican, 'R e public Mr. A- mPaidl'sA. M. E. -chiu
* .. : ", ". ,. "
near, a world, traveller came will observe hisLj
.,.I, ,,,ary his.6*..
fere from Ciudad Trajillo. sary in Haiti this e&
"a ._.-_ ._


.." .;: A Y 3,
'-.On december .Bst,.4rom 9:00 .,,,.,.1.the Grandl|
LE PERCHOIR, is expecting .you .to its, select, 1REE
'DANSANT with the LAMY TRIO furnishing the i
'One of the best Menus, prep.ared\with first dclass'f4,
lelbrated Chef Andr6.,, BROUSSAB. '
Plat 'de r&sistia'-e: Imported,. F et Mignon,
Price 4f Dinnet$L' .50 -
'R-erve Your. Tables iii Advance at" A BELLE ,:
k *i e' v e ; : I n ,


I.
N


I 3

-The
CeIebration
i*6otc


0 SHOES.


FOR' EVERY OCCAS


THE. WOLD


FAMOUS


;a




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