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General Antonio Th. Kebreau
was declared Honorary Citizen of
tbe Metropole du Nord, during an
impressive ceremdhy at Casernes
Dessahines on Tuesday morning,
attended by the City Fathers of
Cap-Haitian and many government
officials. The decoration was pre-
sented to the General for his
,comportment and devotion to the
c.i;c idf the Haitian people..
Details of the Iran of Four Mil-
lion dollars has been obtained by
the lTai~ian Government from a
Cuban Bank, were announced over
thb air by -La Voix de la Republi.
que d'Haiti- this week.
..03 ,initial installment o9-$,IMU
lion. has already been placed on
deposit at the disposal of the State
in an American bank. The balance
is to be deposited in three suc-
cessive installments at 30-day iri-
Jacqueline Willens, the famous
American songstress is presen-
tly vacationing from hornet in
Chicago, here, at 'Hotel Choucou
ne. She arrived- on Tuesday,' ac-
companied by her husband, Da-
vid Willens, pianist-composer.
S Mrs. WVillens sings with the
Q.:.ago Symphony Orchestra,
Wti,'s .familiar to .Television-*au-
p.4mi..nces. The Willens have three
On her several visits to Casi-
no International this week she
delighted the merrymakers with
..a Georges Gershwin, and frqm
Jeromie Kern's music in iel Can't
'Help Loving That Man of Mi-
ne,' from the Musical Comedy
She was accompanied at the
piano by her husband, and the
couple were given an enthusias
At their table on Wednesday
evening were beauteous Virginia
Celmer, of Chicago, a meringue
dancer par excellence, and ad-
Mirer of the country, Miss Mary
Wall, Dr. Robert D. Woolsey,
and Christian Germain.
.. The songbird and her husband
fly home to-day, after making
it clear that they planned their
next trip to Haiti, in the very
HERE ON MISSION
VOL. VIH Port-au-Prince, Haiti
VOL. VIHl Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Bay-Front Port-au-Prince is to be given a complete
The buildings in thle Cite Dumnarsais Estinm, particu-
larly the site knowns as ,Les Palmistes, are shortly to
undergo repairs and restoration, under the Government's
Tourist Development, programme which is getting underway.
" in its d.ivoqfIe-ning up and embellishing the City
of Po.tafi-Prinee,, the State will carry its program of ur-
banism into La Saline, and Trou Coehon, the slum sec-
tins that have long been an eye-sore for residents and
Tourist Director General, Mr.
Robert A. Theard, on, Tursday
Morning, made an inspection visit
to the open-air .Thetre de Ver-
dure, Massillon Coicou, where the
The National Folkloric Trop plays
to a packed house several nights
a week. He was accompanied by
Mr. Michel Bredy, Jr., Assistant
Mr. Tbh6ard and his assistant
who found the Troup in rehearsal,
addressed the group regarding the
part they would play as collabora-
tors .k'.the Ii.Wpter 'df. Tourism .
After. a tttir of the establish-
ment, the Tourism officials made
special recommendations to Manag-
er M. E. Desdunes for maintain
the premises in first class condi-
Stion during the present touristic
season. Certain repairs to ithe
-Thetre del Verdure were decid-
The Department of Tourism has
under consideration the construct-
ing of a Parlk at Les Palmistes
which will contain many' attrac-
tions for visitors. They will also
remodel the Theater for bigger
and- better presentations.
Messieurs Theard and Bredy
also announced the early calling
of a round-table discussion of lead-
ing ethnologists, artists, actors,
costume makers, designers, and ar-
chitects for planning the complete
transformatin of Thafitre de Ver-
Fifty lovey young South Amer-
icans arrived at the airport in
Bowen Field on Friday at 4:30 P.
M.. travelling on the KLM airliner
flight No. 978.
,.'... ....A ,i..*
Te'irlTs, members of the Gim-
nasio Femino, of Bogota, Colum-
,bia, are making a vacation tour of
tfhe Caribbean. They represent
some of Colombia's most notable
They were greeted upon arrival
by Tourism Director Robert Theard
and members of his staff, and by
Mr. Breed, Manager of the KLM
offices in Port-au-Prince.
They will spend four days in
Haiti, visiting the sights of the
Capital, and making a trip to King
Henry's Citadelle in the North.
The Tourist Office has prepared
an elaborate programme for the
entertainment of the South Amer-'
icans which will include a special
Folkloric Show at the Theatre de
SUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957 NO. 12
..- -- -.-------
Jean Leon Destine,
famed Haitian inter-
pretor of Caribbean
Folklore Dances, chats
with a Japanese admi.
rer during recent tour
'The Haitian Impres-
sarlo and Dancer has
just returned .home
from a tour which took
him through the var
East and across North
New Dutch Line
The K.N.S1. (Ligne Hollan-
daise), operating in Haiti since
1887, or over 70 years, recently
added two newly built passen-
ger-vessels to her fleet.' They
will be calling at port-au-Prince.
These passenger-vessels, the
aORANJE N A S S A U and
cPRINS DER NEDERLANDENi
will offer a regular service from
Port-au-Prince to Europe on a
monthly basis, c ..gat_.Cd.
Trujillo, Netherlands Antilles.
La Guaira, Trinidad, and Barba-
dos to Plymouth and Amster-
On December 18th, the aPRINS
DER NEDERLANDEN' will
make her first call at Port-au-
Both units are sisterships, and
therefore of the same size, build
and speed. The only difference
is in the interior decoration of
.dining-room lounges etic. They
were launched this year, have a
gross tonnage of 7.214 tons, and
a minimum speed of 15 knots.
They can carry 116 passengers
in single, double, and threeb-
erth-cabins, many of which are
equipped with private shower
and toilet. The accommodation
consists of a beautiful decorat-
ed lounge, airconditloned d'ipn-
groom, a smokingroom, writing
salon, bar and airconditloned la-
dies- ard ,' gents-hairdressing
rooms. Besides, the ships have a
nursery on board, were children
are well looked after iy compe-
By adding these two passen-
ger-vessels to its fleet, the
Dutch Line now owns a total of
79 passenger-and cargo-sliners
under construction and will be
puL. Into service- befeoe -long.
GIVES DINNER FOR
Dr. MARS, AMBASSADOR
Dr. Jean Price-Mars, Haiti's new
Ambassado rto Paris, and Mrs.
Mars were guests or honor at a
dinner party given by Trench Am-
bassador and Mrs. Lucien Felix,
at their Bourdon residence last Sa-.
turday evening, on the occasion
of his departure for France.
Numerous personalities of the
Diplomatic Corps, Government and
social world were among the
Dr. Mars, author, diplomat, was
Rector of the University, at the
time of his nomination to the post
in Paris. He has also served as
Foreign Minister, Ambassador tO
the Dominican Republic, and Dele-
gate to the United Nations in New
OCAS Backs 'Guatemala As
Troons To Honndurac.,
Two high officials of the Inter W --- .. -M N 4W M W
national Bank of Reconstruction & (,SN Special C de t
Development. Messrs. Georges R. Correspondent)
Delaume and Cyril Henri Davies SAN SALVADOR, Dec. 5- The Britain charged he has made statc- malan Minister.
spent three days here last week Organization of Central American ments to a British Honduran dese. Without mentioning the details,
conferring with Government offi- States issued a statement today gation in London emphasizing the the Organization of Central Amer-
dais and members of the Interna- siding with Guatemala in her Guatemalan claim to th'e colony ican States declared in 'its state-
tional Monetary Fund. efforts to have Britain give up The British Gouvernmert. also meni issued by its headquarters
Mr. Delaume is Legal Advisor the colony of Bristish Honduras. flew troops from Bermuda to rein-I here, that it -has believed it op.
Of the bank, and Mr. Davies, an For many years Guatemala has force the garrison in B,-it:sh Ilon- portune' to renew at this time its
InsPector. They also conferred, claimed that British Honduras duras following the return of the faith in the right which supports
during their stay, with Mr. Fer- rightfully belongs to her Honduran delegation whose lead- the State of Guatemala..
nando Vera and Mr. Feliks Bo- Recently Britain rerFsed to per- er Mr. George Price, defended hi- The organization recaiiLd that
dipnsky of the International Mo- mit the Guatemalan Minister to attitude in London in taking part the five member states, in'a meet-
hetary Fund. Britain to present his credentials. in conversations with the Guale- ing in Antigua. Guatemanla, ;n Au-
gust, 1955, subscribed to an ins-
trument known as the 'Declaration
of Antigua.- This declaraLion -em-
phasized their rejection of the sur-
vival of colonialism in thed Amer-
icas, and expressed the VIL.w that
the territory of British Honduras
is an integral part of Guatemala,
and therefore, of Central Amer.
ica,, the organization said.
(Continued on page 2)
PAGE 2 'HAJTI SUnSUNDAY DEC. 15.h. 1957
Watters on Lowe
tljoseph report Expected here with
Cunard cruise ship
i The S.S QSYLVANIAF of the
Cunard Steam-Ship Company,
Limited is due in Port-au-Prince
I on Tuesday, December 24th, ar-
The S.S. ANCON of the Panama Steamship Line arrived from riving at 1:00 P.M. An expected
New York at 7.00 a.m. yesterday. Among the seventy nine passcn- 450 passengers will be aboard
gers, were 33 disembarking at Port-au-Prince : and will come ashore for a dayb
Mrs. Virginie Ballan, Mr. & Mrs. Philippe Cantave and 2 children in the Capital.
Miss Simone Cherry, Dr. Henri J. D. Colin, Mrs. Leonic Con.tant, .'".
& Mrs. Gerard Desrouleaux, Miss Solange Diambois, Mrs. Jean Lacroix Watterson Lowe, on his 473rd
and 2 children, Miss Emma Fontaine, Dr. & Mrs. Raou! Hippolyte and cruise to the West Indies, known
daughter, Mary Joseph, Miss Jasqueline Lamare, Miss Lise Latortuc as (cThe Flower Of The Day I
Bis Simone Latortue, Franck Martin, Mrs. Solanges Mullery, Miss An- Man;a, will be conducting the i
tonia Nelson, Mrs. Amelie Nerette, Jerome Opont, Mrs. Rose Oriol. tour and making the tourists hap n
Mrs. Cecile Paul, Herbert Renard, Joseph Daniel Riboul, Lacoej II py. This is what Don Short, well
Saturne, and Mrs. Christine Smith. I known travel editor had to say
x x x x about *Watty :P
THE INTERNATIONAL CLUB OF COMMERCE is one of the best
client of our hotels and restaurants, having emptied into the cdffeis 'He threw away his clo-k and
of these establishments the tidy little sum of $4,051.05 during thet his calendar years ago and ever
fiscal year 1956-57. They accomplished this by having their regular' since he has concentrated on the
weekly luncheons and end of the year banquets for the members at pleasant task of helping people
to forget yesterday, to stop wor-
Le Rond Point, Aux Cosaques, Hotel Beau Rivage, Hotel Ibo Lele and to forget yesterday, to stop wor-
...;tying about tomorrow, and to
Rotisserie Clou d'Or. The new President of the club is Mr. Routhicr trying about tomorrow, and to
live each day of sun-filled fun as
of TEXACO.... though it would last forever.,
x x X This about sums up Watterson
JEAN SASSINE was named Chief of the Transportation Service in philosophy of life. He
the Tax Office this week.Lowe's philosophy of life. He
the Tax Office this week.. practices it ashore as well as at
THE AMERICAN NATIONAL RED CROSS awarded Junior Life
Saving Certificate this week to Tommy Louis, Eddie Saunders, Ronnie His <,Flowers of the Day* as
Hoyt, Johnny Hoover, and Robert Carlstroem. The youths received worn, whenever the cruise pas-
their honors at Splendid Hotel's Pool, with Mrs. Russell Gregg, water sengers come trooping down the
safety instructor making the presentation i gangway, in Nassau, Jamaica,
X x x x Cuba, Curacao, Venezuela, Gre- ,
THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS offered a farewell banquet, at Ho'el nada, Barbados, Martinique, Hai
Montana, on Wednesday evening, on the occasion of the departure of ti, Trinidad. Panama or some dis
the Argentinian Charge d'Affaires and Senora Alberto D. Rioseco. tant sunland. The local people
and the Reverend Father Gaston Le Houllier, Attache at the Noncio know that it signalizes the ret-
Apostolic. The Menu : Consomme Montana; Coquilles Crustacecs: Filet urn of Watterson Lowe. The na-
en Tranches Roses; Panache de Legumes; Salades de Saison; Orange ties af these ports believe they
a la Capoise; Cafe; Liqueurs AND Gewuerztraminer 1955; Chateau- will bring them good luck. With
neuf du Pape 1950: Champagne Heidsieck Monopole, Brut... each floral gift ,Wattyv gives a
x x x x small slip of paper *his thought
THE CAMERON'S are reported to be leaving Haiti shortly. Mr. C:i- [or the day.,>
meron will take up his option on a job in Africa. Marguerite Came-
ron's up-to-date guest house on the hill overlooking Petion-Ville's True charity is the desire to
park has for the past several years been one of the attractions of the'be useful to others without thou
mountain resort... ght to recompense.
We should live and lean but
LIBERIAN AMBASSADOR JOHN FRANCIS MARSHALL won his by the time we've learned it's
too late' to live.
bout with an attack of the grippe and was back at his desk in the tohlaonethig we've got more
Embassy in Turgeau on Wednesday morning... o mr
Iof than the rest of the world Is
x x x x I .
x x x "future.
DR. JOSEPH CHATELAIN of Banque Nationale de la Republiquc big part one's future.happiness is
d'Haiti will fly to Washington on special mission, shortly... knowledge of having rede-
red wonderful service.
Those who bring sunshine into The number on the Ticket gives the right to participate
the lives of others cannot keep in a lottery for a magnificent Swiss watch. This lottery
it from themselves.
One of the best aids to realis- will be held at 30 minutes past midnight
tic thinking is the frequent stu-
dy of our own experiences. Big Surprises will be announced on the Progranune of the Shows
We gather vitality from two on Decemnber 24th and the Holidays
main sources, the air and con-
tact with human beings SEND A YEAR'S SUBSCRIPTION
The world would be better off
if' every one who says 01 do> did. to the "HAITI SUN),
Happiness comes from putting 1
rr-re back into life than we .....................Sim ply Clip Here.....................
take out and fill out Blank
-:Yes, it is a delightful expe- Please send on the "HAITI SUN, for one vear to
rience to share the warm friend
ship and thoughtful, kindness of
a man like Watterson Lowe. He NA IM E..........................................
makes life just a little brighter ADDRESS ..........................................
'r everyone he meets ) CITY.................. STATE..................
.WVatry, as he is affectionate- CO ULN TRV...........................................
ly known to thousands of tou- enclose..........................................
rists is almost a walking edition
of the cNational Geographic.'. (If" our subscription is in Iafti, send S5.')
His knowledge of distant ports If in the collar area $10 (including .postalrL)
and places is fascinating to say Itf it i% outside the dollar area send postage sta:nps
the least.> of Votnr cotntr, t-
x xx x x
A GROUP OF MEXICAN TEACHERS will pay a call at Port-au-
Prince at the end of this month, and will lecture on education in the
Aztec country before the Haitian audience.
x x x x
AUBERGE AU CLOU D'OR, reopened Thursday evening, with ;he
new Swiss Manager, Georges Salvador, inviting local newsmen to the
spot on the hill at Bourdon for a superb dinner at 8:00, and a look
at the, improvements and decor...
x xx x
JEAN LEON DESTINE returned to the Fatherland last week, mo-
desty wearing the crown of the 'Emperor of the Dance, which foreign
nations on three Continents competed to place upon his brow. When
the artist took hip troup to Japan, the people wanted him to stay.
They played to packed houses in all the Capitals of the East. While
they were at the Tokio Televi Center, famous dancer Katherine Don-
ham dropped in to see the show, and later brought her own troup ;o
Destine thoughtfully included a talented Sepia artist, Miriam Pu7.
ton, in the tour. Her singing, the people said, was reminiscent of a
Admirers at the Tokio Telcvi Center presented the Haitian Am-
bassador of the Dance. upon his departure, with a magnificent albam
contain'ingr three dozen pictures of the troup in their various inter-
pretations, as a surprise.
Of the Japanese, Mr. Destine had this to say : -Wonderful people.
they received us as brothers ..I
(Continued from page one)
Georges Price, leader of the
People's United Party of British
Honduras said on his arival in
Belize by air from London lha;
one of the main Guatemalan pro-
posals made to him in London
was that British Honduras should
become a self-governing state, and
if it so desired should join a Latin
American Federation with the Cn:-
tral American republics.
Mr. Price. a member of ;he uin
successful delegation on financial
and constitutional issues arrived
on the same plane as the Gover-
nor, Sir Colin Thorrrley, who lc-I
The British Government broke
off the talks because some of its
members, including Mr. Price,
were found to have been discuss-
ing with :he Guatemalan Minister
in London a plan for severing the
colony's connection with Britain.
Price and other returning dele-
gates were given a tumultuous
welcome and were presented with
bouquets by 300 supporters who
dr.ve to :hc airport to greet them
in six lorries decorate-I with Party
A brass band played the party
song -Land of the Gods..
In Belize about 1,000 people
(Continued on page 12)
X AT HAITI's
i&&tlzt&a tM a4&&FuAzd&iw
Up To December 24th 1957
: Dance Music
by))' Joe Truoillot's Orchestra
: Folkloric Show
by the Casino Troup -and the
Revelation of the Day:
The Baritone, Belizaire
: The Cha-Cha Chitos
: Folkloric Show Belizaire
: Folkloric Show Belizaire
: The Cha-Clia Chitos
: The Cha-Cha Chitos
Every' Night: The }oe Trouillot Ensemble
Saturday: Admission $1.00
SUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957
~ HAIATI SUN
THE HAITIAN ENGLISH LANGUAGE NEWSPAPER
Community Weekly Published Sunday Morning
EDITORPUIBLISHER BERNARD DIEDERICH
GERANT-RESPONSABLE PAUL E. NAJAC
TRADITION VS. BLOOD
The triangular dispute which has arisen between the elect-
ed leader of the Legislative Council of British Honduras, the
British Government and the Government of Guatemala has
been attracting widespread attention, especially in view of
the British Government's action in sending troops from Ja-
mnaica and Bermuda and of dismissing the parliamentary
leader from the Executive Council. In the face of this the
Organisation of Central American States has issued a decla-
ration, re-emphasising the Antigua Declaration and backing
Guatemala in the dispute.
There is no question that the emergence of new nations
from the colonial territories in the Ca-ibbean Area and its
littoral will call for careful handling. Recently British efforts
to bring all the British units :n the Caribbean Area into a
single Federation were only partially successful. The two
largest areas British Guiana on the coast of Stuth Ameri-
ca, and British Honduras in Central America refused to
British Guiana has a population of only 600,000 in an area
of 90,000 square miles. British Honduras has a population of
60,000 in an area of 40,000 square miles. The rest of the Bri-
tish units combined have a population of three million in
only some 12,000 square miles. Since both British Guiana and
Honduras are known to be potentially wealthy, especially in
minerals, it is to be seen why the rest of the British area re-
cognises that a Federation could be economically viable only
with the adhesion of one or both of the two mainland terri-
- But here comes the tug of war. The peoples of British
Guiana and British Honduras, while admitting strong ties
with the peoples of the British islands, especially ethnic ties,
feel equally bound to their neighbours of South and Central
America because of the same ethnic call.
The people of British Guiana for instance feel equally
bound to their ethnic neighbours of Dutch Guiana, French
Guiana, and Brazil as they do with their British neighbours
and for that matter with the French and Dutch islands as
well as Haiti.
The people of British Honduras 'are similarly placed. TIhe
tug-of-war therefore is between two loyalties the call of
tradition and the call of blood. For the moment it would seem
that the bonds of tradition are breaking down in the face of
the call of blood. The latter is made all the stronger by a
realisation of the strength which could be achieved by closer
co-operation between the peoples most vitally concerned
themselves. 1 % I
It is for this reason that the editorial comment of the Ja
maica Gleaner reproduced on this page is of interest. Fdur
years ago, on charges of a Communist plot which were never
proved, British troops were landed in British Guiana and the
elected Government dismissed. There was strong evidence
that the Government of thai time was (flirting) with the idea
of declaring its independence and had reason to believe that
it would get at least moral support from its Lajin-American
neighbours. After four years of authoritarian rule elections
were once agin permitted under a limited constitution. Tlhe
people elected the same leaders.
During these years, and because.of the heavy handed atti-
tuide of the British Government and the failure of most of
the neighboring governments of the British islands to read
aright the real struggle of the people of British Guiana, the
chances of both the mainland countries entering the Federa.
lion which was finally accepted last February, were gre atly
projudiced. It is no doubt from this knowledge that the Ja
mnaica newspaper comments.
TURN OF I
Commenting in the Jamaica
'Daily Gleaner. Matthew Strong
the newspapers columnist, wri.
So' Mr. Price of British Hon
duras is in the doghouse.
I would have thought the En-
glish Tories would have learnt
something from the history of
Jaganism in the other mainland
colony, but apparently they have
Mr. Price, whose electoral re-
-cored suggests he is the darling
of the British Hondurans, has ap
parently been weighing and con-
sidering whether or not his count
try and his fellow countrymen
and women would be better to
remain British subjects or beco-
me citizens of another state. Is
there any reason in the world
why he should not? If democra-
cy means anything, it surely
means that a people through
their elected representatives can
freely determine their own fu-
(Continued on page 14)
-HAITI SUN- ragc.
Wins Pulitzer Prize With
Editorial On Segregation And Integration
(The following is a condensation of an editorial which appeared in an easy job. Some folks think it
the -TUSCALOOSA NEWS.. The editorial consists of the text of ail should be possible to print the
address delivered by the publisher BUFORD BOONE in West Alabama. good news an'a leave out the bad.
rhis editorial roas awarded the PzditZer Prize). I
1I believe I pretty well under-
stand t h e Southern attitudes
toward the difficult situation in
which we find ourselves. There
are, of course, varying opinions,
and we cannot talk correctly in
terms of what tbc white man or
the coloured man thinks.
In fact, nit seems to me that
our problems are complicated
by the ease -with which we op.
iy labels and hled facilityi with
which ire spea.-" o large groups
rf people as :, .hc!- were onlDj
( :- indivi-lu.l. .lit; whites are
iot i honourable, upright and
.a;l. All Negroes are not dirty,
ignorant, shiftless ard lazy. i
fuc:, one of the very great.-.,
Jin;gs about our country is the
pr.iilege of any person to be
.iadged on the oacsna of what 'ic
iands for and uhat hlie :11
mountun t to.
You may not be as sensitive to
this label business as I am. I've
been called a ,nigger-lover', a
Communist. the hired servant of
owners of the Tuscaloosa news-
paper property who have been in-
correctly described as Negroes.
And I've even been called a
Yankee. There have been other
names to which I shall not refer.
If any of you here tonight have
used such terms in reference to
me, I forgive you in the assump-
tion that you must have thought
you were right, even though I
knew you were wrong.
Let's take a look at the local
newspaper situation. The NEWS
is published b5 Tuscaloosa News-
papers, Inc. a corporation organiz-
ed under the laws of the state of
Alabama and chartered right here
in Tuscaloosa Country. All stock
in the corporation is owned by my-
self, members of my family living
here, and one other person who
works at the NEWS and is our
'business manager. All directors
and officers of the corporation live
here in our midst. We, and we
alone, are responsible for setting
policies aimed at giving you a
decent, honest and fair news-
NO EASY JOB
Publishing a newspaper is not
HANDS ACROSS THE SEA
(Front the JAMAICA -Daily Glener. of Sunday Dec. 8)
British troop quartered here,
have been ent to British Hondu-
ras. They have been sent to re-
inforce the UK's security forces
in that colony at the request of
the Governor of that country. It
is obvious that Sir Colin Thornley,
the man on the spot, must be
given precedence in his judgment
of the precautions necessary to
preserve law and order in the im-
passe that .his developed out of
the breaking-off of the economic
and political discussions betVeen
the Colonial Office and the BH
delegation in London. For %what-
ever may be the difference in pri-
vate opinions on the prickly poli-
tical issues every responsible West
Indian will agree that the funda-
mental basis of a democratic so-
ciety -the keeping of the peace-
must be preserved at all costs.
But %*th the sad exempli of
British Guiana in 1953 uppermost
in most minds, there is the fervent
hope that there will be no repeti-
tion of suspended constitutions in
British Honduras arising out of
the political tug-of-war between
Mr. Price, Bl's elected .lead-or,
and the Colonial Office.
It is now admitted that only The
West Indies was the loser in the
1953 BG incident; for it is clear
that the political vacuum that
persisted from then until August
last (when Dr. Jagan was return-
ed to office) was the main, perhaps
only reason why The West Indies
for Federation without the inclu-
sion of BG. vitally important to the
economic viability of the Federa-
Happily, the political leaders of
Trinidad were alert enough after
August to take their own measu-
res on behalf of The Wast Indies
to heal the breach with BG and
had to complete its arrangements
already there are reliable indica-
tions that by the time the Fede-
ration is ready to discuss its po-
litical independence with the Bri-
tish Government around 1963, BG
will be firn)ly ensconced within
the West kidian family.
But if BG was takes on as the
prime responsibility of the Trinid-
adians, there can be no doubt that
BHI is a Jamaican responsibility.
A fair-sized block of Jamaican ca-
pital is invested in that country.
Lunmbter supplies from there form
the basis fo a trading arrangement
that can be turned to greater pro-
fit in the future. The Jamaican
colony there is already sizeable
and can be added to with equal
benefit to both countries as BH
resources and Jamaican labour are
married in the plenitude of their
Jamaica therefore should not
maintain any colonial-like aloogn-
ess to'the.situation that is mount-
ing rapidly to a severe crisis there.
This country must, in fact, take
early, positive steps to preserve
and expand its legitimate interests
Which, in the long view, point to
a closer association with British
Hondurans, posed a choice be-
twen Britain and Guatemala, may
seem drawn to' their continental
neighbour by an emotionalism that,
however illdgicql it appears from
this distance, has deep historical
roots. But no such impracticable
emotionalism obtains towards Ja-
maica; and the Jamaican hand of
friendship, showing the s a m e
ethnic hues as the Honduran, is
likely to receive a responsive clasp
that may well be denied the more
remote gestures that flicker 5,000
miles away across the cold Atlan-
Some others reading of develop-
ments to which they object, resent
the use of news, stories or pictures
to acquaint readers with those
events. But in publishing the news
part of the paper, we try not to
be protective or selective, but to
but to give adequate coverage to
events and developments that
might be of interest to our readers.
We try to do this news end of
our job as impersonally and as im-
partially as a surgeon performing
On the editorial page comment
is printed. We believe in free Amer
ican citizens having, and express-
ing, views on important questions
such as this one before us tonight.
We have, and we always will have,
ample space in. our newspaper for
any person to express hrmiself on
matters of current public interest
whether wie agree with whafthe has
to say or not.
We have had a lot of news, and
we have given our views freely in
the editorial columns, on deve-
lopments of a racial nature in Tus-
ciloosa and the South in recent
months. If you have disagreed with
our editorial viewpoint in any
way, let me assure you that youra
right to disagree is unquestioned.
We have had some truly wild
moments. There have been perfect-
ly serious suggestions that all Ne-
groes should be sent to A4rica.
Where did your ancestors come
from? Personnally, I do'not care
to be sent to Wales, England or
Scotland, from which T understand
Some have talked seriously of
fighting another Civil War over
the issue. Fortunately, I believe,
such a rabid element is limited in
number. But no less a personage
than the 'governor of Georgia was
quoted as suggesting the possibili-
ty of such a development in a pu-
blic address in New Orleans last
HAD GOOD LUCK
We had some instances here of
Negro womjnen being grabbed, shak-
en and told by strange white men
to get off the streets. So far as I
know, such cases were few. But
some did occur. Some servants be-
came afraid to go (home alone.
Delivery boys sometimes became
afraid to make deliveries.
Fortunately, we qame through
our most difficult period with no
lives lost and little blood spilled.
But we had a lot of ammunition
sold. A lot of people were ready
for a great deal of trouble. We
could have had it in abundance a
the day that Autherine Lucy was
taken from the campus and was
given refuge in a Negro business
I did not know it at the time,
but I learned several days after-
wards, that some Negro citizens of
Tuscaloosa, fearful that law and
order had broken down, armed
themselves and surrounded the
business place. I also was inform-
ed that a carload of mobsters from
the University area found the,
girl's whereabouts and that one
of the number went into a place
given refuse in a Negro business
(Continued on page 14)
Pae4 H rn-ScvUDA E. 5h.15
Are We Too Hard On The Tourist ?
VISITORS FIND NO trace siderable unfairness has become I-or three weeks of frentic sight-
of the country's recent politi-
cal troubles which put a crimp
in Haiti's thriving tourist bu-
siness. Now that the troubles
are over, tourist and business
leaders look for even more
than the 60,000 tourist who
came here last year.
Robert Ruark who spent a
merry time here back in 1950
when Tourism was a pup has
devoted some kind thoughts
to that wonderful, interesting
individual the Tourist.
Said it has been my good for-
tune, over a considerable num-
her of year, to have traveled ex-
tensively and to have livdd in
a 'heavy portion of other peo-
ple's real estate, I am bc-gin-
ning to tender if everybody
(myself included) isn't a bit too
mockingly severe on the tourist.
It's awfully easy to be funny
at the expense of people who
have saved painstakingly for
what is likely to be their one
and only adventure in braving
a foreign land, a strange langua
.ge, and even more peculiar lo-
,.Tourist' in Europe with con-
almost synonymous with eAme-
rican and csucker.t In some
countries, France especially, the
tourist* is treated with a con-
tempt surpassing rudeness.
The word tourist trap, has
come to mean some dive where
the accommodations, entertain
ment and food is fit only for
the shorttime traveler The
*trap; is shunned and sneered
at by the natives and even more
so by the habitual expatriates.
who affect a shudded when their
own touring compatriots are
mentioned. These latter poseurs,
event when they can pay their
bills, weary me.
The tourist, poorffellow, sticks
out in the crowd. He can't help
it, because he is festooned with
cameras, buys postcards, compa
res prices, is apt to be unres-
trained Lwhen confronted with
the local alcohols, and more or
less constantly refers to the dif
ference between some fleabag
in Paris, France, and his favori-
te haunt in the outskirts of
There is no difference bet-
- ween the American in Rome, the
German in France, the Swiss in
Portugal, the Englishman in
Spain. If they seem rude, noisy,
and appear to travel forever in
flocks, it is because they are
uncertain- frightned, overawed
by the language barrier, cr'oWed
by the tourist agencies by the
currency and, after a bit, sick
and tired of being taken for pi-
geons by every hustler who pops
out of a greasy alley.
The average tourist is some-
body who has saved and scrimp
ed for abrief fling at foreign pas
tures, who is traveling on a bud
get, and who must pack all the
places and sensations into two
te an extra day in Aries chasing
seeing and directed activity.
Why shouldn't he carry a ca-
mera to snap the Coliseum and
"the Arc de Triomphe? Why
shouldn't he buy postcards to
send to the fellows at the office
and to Aunt Gussie? Why shoul-
dn't he complain loudly when
some spiv tries to sell him a wor
thless gimcrack for 10 times its
value, who steers h'm to clip
joints and harasses him cons-
tanlly on the streets, in the bars
and restaurants and shops?
To me, the greatest sinners
againts the tourist- although
they are necessary evils- are
some of the conducted tours,
with cynical tour-leaders who
treat their 'wards like cattle.
only sneer at their pardonable
ignorance and bark at them as
if they were delinquent children
let loose for a day's outing. The
san-me native guide, set down in
his purple suit and funny ac-
cent in the home town of the
people he loathes while guiding,
would be. a pathetically ludi
crous figure, prone to panic.
If it is or any comfort to tile
confused traveler, the lofty con-
cierge, the condescending guide.
the aloof head waiter is apt to
know little more English than
the shy tourist knows of a for-
eign tongue. The factotums all
speak a certain (,hotel English,->
but try a question, such as :
WVould you recommend that we
wait until Aix en Provence be-
fore buying gloves and substitu-
The answer is sure to be: 4.But,
of course, madam, the lady's
room is to the left, the car is
waiting to take you to Maison
Chasse des Gants (which his cou
sin owns) and one has the nails
done in the salon of the hotel*.
All I know is, I get along bet
ter in France with my baby
French than I do in English, and
I speak Spanish in Italy and do
BEFORE BUILDING SEE
(SociWte Industrielle de Mat&-
riaux de Construction
P. 0. Box 1273 Rue du Magasin
Portail de Leogane Zone
( behind Union School
Balusters of varied designs
Locals materials -
Cimdnt Blocks :
30 x 20 x 40
20 x 20 x 40
S 15 x 20 x 40
10 x 20 x 40
e Snn ner McZs Ti
laud' *mh^g OWr'ilrn.
* tL aa\n l tJy/^v
it's a really fine
Scotch \yThen it's
* !: ...< ( <* *** :* *** F :
Born I S1 20--. ,ill going strong
Se Dr. Goldenberg
for your small child
Vaccination of other children
doesn't protect your child
Every member of your family
up to 40 years old should be
vaccinated against paralyt!c
Aimerican bledicc1 Assocation
American Academy Of Pediatrics
A erican Academy
Of General Practice
THE NATIONAL FOUNDATION
The Salk Vaccine is safe i
i FOR INFANTIE PARALYSIS
1301 East 42nd Street, New York,
17, N. Y.
^ \DE PABqIS
Ps.5 c* /a p/, orrnc7 7&a MRQVE -
5s/.Rue fdes Case#nes
aAl nT wi>R
RUE DE LA PAIN
TOURISTS SPECIALS >.
C5-, APEAUX S
n--- "== : = -E"1
SUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957
big man or he wouldn't be there.
at all. He is a bigger man than
the seedy types who sneer when
they take his money; he is big-
ger than the supercilious head
waiter who bows, scrapes and
accepts insults for tips. 0
All he has to do is remember
that you don't see your tormen
tors rubbernesking at Yellows-
tone, checking into the Sham.
rock, playing the well at Vegas.
betting on the horses at Miami
or buying antiques on New-
York's Third Avenue. Even with
your money, they can't afford it
The thing the
rist often forgets
is that he is a
--__....______-____ A "
SUDYDC 5h 97 HTISN ar
NEHRU STRESSES NATIONAL UNIhY
In Tribute To Indian Her Of 300 Years Ago
PRATAPGARH, Nov. 30: (From Our Correspondent) thi, he said. *lt is a lovely lan-
prime Mlinister Nehru unveil- forget linguistic or religious guage, rich and deep in cultural
ed this afternoon an equestrian quarrels. Linguistic quarrels values. But whatever language
statue of Chhatrapti Shivaji at were responsible for the divi- you speak, you.are Indians and
this 300-year-old fort, which the sions of Europe and had caused the country from the Himalayas
great Maratha king himself had many war!. If that happened in to Kanya kumari belongs to
built and used as his headquar- the present age, then this coun- you.
ters for his operations against try would b6 broken to pieces. \
the rulers of Bijapur. ,You have your language Mara- Mr Nehru paid a tribute to
|the people of Maharashtra who,
Mr. Nehru, later told a hund- the p l o a a batra o,
he said, were a brave people,
red thousand people, who had who had fought courageously
come for the ceremony from all againts foreign invaders. The
over Mahara.shtra, that ,Shiva.- Maharashtrians he said, 'were
ji was not only a great .n of united. After the builders and
Maharashtra, but of the whole this they did only when they
of Idia, Th Pzine inis'erthis they did only when they
of India ,. The Piime M -inister- -ware united After the fall of
said he had no doubt, in his mind Maharashtra the British came
about the greatness of Shivaji.- I and ruled over us.
Th nl da a g d Scountry has the task before it
vaji was freedom and liberation of building up and improving
of the country.
~of the country.. > I the lot of millions of people.
Addressing the huge gather- 1 National unity to-day is need
ing at the foot of the Pratapgarh ed more than ever before, he
Fort at Ambenali, after unveil- said. Only with unity can we
ing the bronze sAtue of Shivaji ') forge shead. In the past we have
at the topmost poilt of hlie 3,500 fallen because of disunity among
foot fort the Prime Minister ex- ourselves. To-day we cannot af-
horted the people to strive fora ford to lose even a da7y. We have
the unity of the country and great tasks ahead. Let us forget
spread the gospel of peace, the our squabbles and feel that we
heritage of our country. He re- are one nation, one people and
niniided the people to be worthy Premier Nehru belong to one culture.
nheritors of our rich tradition. --- --------- --- -
' Mr. Nehru said the people
should learn an important les-
on from the life of the great Hostellerie
warrior, namely, his valour. VaBest in Cap Haitien Hostellerie
iui without unity is fruitless,y ~ >
he Prime Minister added.
These two should go together.,, I O to it.
. Rnilinrr Rhivnfl ne -F-_ tl,-. ** *fS '^ SS .^&Sm
ri.i: JLJn Oll ivaji as oUne o, lilte
Greatest sons of India. -the Pri-
me Minister said that Shivaji
was above cacte, creed and reli-
Referring to the demonstra-
tion at Wai, a town at the ap-
proach 1o Mahinbleslhwar, Prime
Alinister Nehiru said: COn my
Sway to Pratapgarhi. I was given
a warm welcome by thie people
-" of Maharashlra had showered i
their love and affection for me
all thesc years. they have got
every rjght to el'itlese mie and
I have got no complaint against
them. i'ite-r all. it is a smniill
If a greeting was convened
not discuss the problems of the
day hut to show our respect to n
great son of India, naturally
outside matters should not be
spoken at a great function like
this, Mr. Nehru said.
The Prime Ministre appealed
to the nation to learn the les-
sons Shivaji had emphasised and
AX HEAD DATES TO
A stone ax head found in
Country Carlow, Republic of
Ireland, in .1944 was estimated
to date from 2,500 B.C.
A JUDICIAL WARNING
MEMPHIS, Tenn.- General
Sessions Judge Heard Sutton
put a 26-year-old man under a
peace warrant not to strike his
wife .or so much as to raise
your hand to stir a wind that
might blow her hair.s
CLAY MAP DATES
THE LENGTH OF BRITAIN
Customary meassurcment of
the United Kingdom from Land's
End to John o'Groat's in Scot-
land is 603 miles in a straight
15 CASES IN 15 MINUTES
clay tablet made in Babylonia
WALLINGTON, England -
Magistrates at the court in this
Surrey town dealt with fifteen
speeding cases in fifteen minu-
TO 2.300 B.C.
The oldest known map is a
about 2300 B.C., according to
Rand McNally's Atlas of World
FINDS RING LOST IN 1916
VICTORIA VALLEY, N. J.
(Reuters)- Shortly after her
wedding forty-one years ago,
Mrs Alex Switzer accidentally
threw out her new wedding ring
with the dishwater.
For days she unsuccessfully
searched for it on the hillside-
below her home.
About a week ago, she scrat-
-ched out a hole for some plants
and uncovered the ring.
M %, %.0 & ~ -N W N W % a, P' in' v I%-,w
A French Quarter in the Caribbean
The Hostellerie with a colonial architecture and historic background offers a mag-
nificent holiday of sun and entertainment. The only hotel in Cap Haitien with swim-
ming pool, tennis, tropical park, night club, souvenir shop-and French cuisine.
Fascinating excursions to Sans Souci Palace and the Citadelle of King Christophe.
Easy to reach from Port-au-Prince,40 min. by air, 5
hrs. bycar. Write or cable for information, reservations. :-A g
Views of the Roi Christophes' tropical garden, attrac-
tive French provincial dining room. and modern pool.
Tiffostellerie du 9fo/ %nrtsI' fie
- Cap Haitien, Haiti Cable: Christophel
Represented in U.S. by UTELLA Associates, Essex House, N.Y. 19, N.Y.
Chamber of Commerce Bldg. Miami, Fld.,55 E. Washington St. Chicago, III.
> Now is the most, economical season for family travel to
/* ^ ~Europe! With PAA's "Family Plan* you'll save enough
on yoLu" fare to pay most of your expenses on the ground!
I1N '. For details see your Travel Agent or
.~NA Mr: aL% ARLMil-: IL I[ C ARIL M
_. im ~WORLD'S MOST EXPERIENCED AIRLINE
S" Rue Dantes Destouches-Port au Prince-Tel: 3451
"I, elfec, C'.jb, !.o ,cuvh March 31 1958
SUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957
Page 6 cdHAITI SUNn SUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957
Ever stop to think just how
important a watch is to your dai
ly living... how many times you
]ook at it to straighten your
schedule and set yourself in ac-
tion again? Actually many of us
take a watch for granted it has
become such a part of us. but
When it comes right down to
what we would say are the most
important features in selecting
a watch I don't think we'd have
much trouble agreeing. Certain
ly high precision would be first
ly high precision would be first,
Reliability next, and confidence
third.., these qualities wve would
-demand, but quickly add that
we'd like a good looking watch
too, (and if you're a feminine
customer, you'd insist on a handle
some bandy. Unknowingly we've
just described the world renow-
. .; ned symbol of accuracy the
Omega watch. This is a watch
that measures up to all of our
Sstandards- and more. We don't
DEMAND that accuracy, but we
certainly enjoy having it as
standard equipment- in the
watch of our choice.
Omega has -won precision con
tests all over the world for
years, everyone knows it's im-
portance. But Omega craftsmen
have also worked hard and long
to encase their treasures, hand-
somely and they 'have come up
with watches like thb famous
Seamaster that combines beauty
with such extra features as this
-it's self-winding, has 17 jewel
movement, is shockprotected,
has high-speed oscillation, is non
magiletic, fits into it's hermeti-
cally sealed case with it's *Her-
metic. crown -and reinforced
crystal. Add to this a fine quali
ty. leather band, and you have
the rekriowned Seamaster by
There's new glamour in Ome-
ga's ladies watches, just one
at the beautiful Ladymatic will
prove this. This is a .superb pie-
ce of timing with a gold closely
meshed bracelet that lies- flat
and shining against your wrist.
The perfect gift for the fortu-
nate woman who appreciates
beauty and likes to indulge in
the ultimate luxury of wearing
a famous precision watch that
never, needs winding. Omega
also has a collection of diamond
watches that would inspire the
most rapturous comments when
found under a Christmas tree.
Each stone in this special cor-
net is remarkable for its flaw-
less beauty, and the settings
themselves are styled by artists.
When Omega says '<,some day
you'll own an Omega, the watch
the world has learned to trust ,
it covers so many men and wo-
men who would love to be able
to say, GYou're right, I do now,
this very Christmas-,. Why
don't you Jet that .special )-.-
meone know how much you care
with an Omega-gift this year
You'll find a whole find a whole
breath-taking collection of them
at La belle Creole.
LES PLUS BELLES MOSAIOOES
61 PLACE GEFFRARD v_
DIRECT PASSENGER AND FREIGHT SERVICE
ALL ROOMS WITH
250 POUNDS BAGGAGE
Only 31. Days To New York
Accurate information at office ot Panama Line ONLY
INQUIRE OUR REDUCED RATE ROUND-TRIP
SEA-AIR TICKETING ARRANGEMENTS
A WATCH FOR XMAS
nerve conLrol cenlecrs
the pre-treatment level, he said, The use of the new drugs tended
cholorathiazide combinations cau. to redace the unpleasant effects .
sed an average reduitinn ot 27 per of older cdrugs, Dr'. Freis reported,
cent. oincc -dosages of the latter could .
-The strict limitation ol tabf- be reduced or. eliminated. .
salt in diet, which h has been to!- -In general, p.atienis looked and ,l
lowed in treatment of high h!ood felt exceedingly well while taking i 0.. .'-
pressure, does not appear hncp- I rblorothia-ide,. he said 'A iew> ""
saiy for patients receiving chloro. experience mild nausea, which i -
thiazide, although nlmoderate res. cleared pruimptly when the drug,I : -
triction still is desirable for the was discontinuc-'J for one di,, "
cirug to txert its maximuni effect., I He (Jultiend, ho'.%evcr, th.t ,,1
lie went on cli'orcthiazide hlaid not been in i s TIME
Ue for a sufficient period fonr
VALUABLE IN RESEARCH I physicians to be certain of i' A
He said the driu. while eftee- long-termni effects.
tive when used alone, was even The drugL was given by mouth M
morc effective w-hen applied in to seventy-three patients receiving RUSSO FRERES
SHAYTIAN AMERICAN SUGAR COMPANY,
^ Authorized Capital $ 2,000,000
t West Indies
R Planters and Manufacturers
t USINE HASCO,
L REFINED SUGAR HASCO CRYSTALS
* SEMII REFINED SUGAR POPULAIRE
SSUGAR... an ENERGY BUILDER
Z. 111:||ilt lil d 4 ltl 1; 1. ll i -lllll 1-1 i illlllll 1111. 11-i.1111 11VI I |i .1;I I'd 1 1. I i i ,i -,i|I .Il I I 1,1 1 J111,ii 1, 1 -II fH I.| I I Ii'
Rue Abraham Lincoln
NEW DRUG TREATS BLOOD PRESSURE other drugs. A further reduction
in blood pressure '%as recorded in
Chlorothiazide, A Synthetic, Found Effective sixty.eight pa.ientk
I Ten patients,, pre'IouLSly un1-
In 8-Month Tests On 100 Patients Te, pali.. ts, pre ously ru-
SPECIAL TO THE NEW YORK oe li owed an average reduc-
lion of 17 per cent. Five who had
TIMES.undergone nerve-cutting surgery
had their blood pressure reduced
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9 A combination \ith others. It m by an average of 21 per cent by
new drug against high blood prs- become a valuable tool tor re-
sure was reported effective todiy se-rch on highii blood -pressure, he
after an eight-month study with added _________ __
109 patients. It is a synthetic Compounds tested in combine.
called chlorothiazide. tion with the new drug included l
reserpine, a h'anquilizer; hydrala- ,, |B ^ .
Dr. Edward D Freis of the Ve- reserpine. a tranquilizer; hydra
terans Administration Hosp it .ine, a powerful dilator of h .o'A
heresaid cmbiniationsHof, vessels: three newer s,'nthetic
here said combinations of chole drugs that block the transmission
rathiazide and other rne'ilicine; I'^ Bi._
rhad been fond to reduce blood of nerve impulses to blood ves- I
sels pentolinium tartrate, chio-
pressure more effectively than risondamine chloride and meca-
agsondamine chloride and m dca- .. .
any other driag; generally used m h a n d
| veratrum alkaloids, which affect '
SUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957
While older drugs prodliccd re-
ductions averasin,, 11 l et c't(ni f
ISUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957
New right from the road up, the Victor heralds a new
generation of cars... lower, swifter, more efficient. The
low roofline of the Victor is only 58 inches high! Though
built so low to the road, headroom is generous and ground
clearance ample. This very modern design pays big
dividends in easy driving. Weight is kept low and there,
is a new flat-ride suspension system. So the Victor shows
remarkable reluctance to roll on corners. Sure-footed
safety is designed right into the Victor.
Powered by a new, deep-sklirt ,square- engine, the Victor
is very much a top gear car-with swift, smooth top gear
acceleration from walking pace into the middle seventies.
This top gear flexibility cuts petrol consumption, too.
Because the Victor's "square, engine performs so efficient
ly throughout its whole speed range, it puts the Victor far
ahead of its class for all-round fuel economy.
Once again it's Vauxhall for value with an citing new
car at an excitingly low price!
There's value in ever aspect of the Victor's very advanc-
ed design: in its new, lows-sw.vept good looks and pano-
ramic vision: in its new flat-ride suspension, and its new
petrol-saving -square engine.
You must see-and try- this new Vauxhall. It's in our
show-room now awaiting your personal inspection.
There are twio versions of the Victor from which to choose... the Victor
and the more luxuriously appointed Victor 'Super.. This de luxo
,model, the -Super,, is distinIuished by extra chroinework. a wider
choice of colours, and such refinements as arrest door pldlls.
V A IU X H AL L
THE MOST EXCITING
-*- I' .PiAf
--- ^. "." -.'* *-, -.-l '7-" .-......
'- 'f .'. ...A 4 .. +
...: ...;. .) : .,
LATEST AND GREATEST IN VAUXHALL VALUE
Claude GENTIL, Agent-Distributor
Pae8cm- -S~ UDYDE.1t.15
'K '-Ong Wle9e lfI;-rcood1ieouea
%Auk-; 0 Cut, "..
*(A$At CbSffffi/us dSwoan
MMM Mi lm-YI
he Nmost 6SkuLk eca~too
effaeun Tour Xncompe4V&A& s
esookn uieu ayt6 O e enfle QCy,
tie Valley of Cana. Vet and f6
04 dtn 4i*u/es fiAom PORTqu-PRNg^
I~nERIRE SAME MANAGEMENT AS HOTEL CHOUCOu.W
ROCKET AIR LINERS BEFORE 1970 ?
SPUTNIKS SUGGEST THAT
)JET AGE) IS ALREADY ON THE WAY OUT
FROM OUR AERONAUTICAL
TRANSCENDING all other ac-o- ascribed partly to the desire to course, already been exploited in
nautical news recently has been, allay public alarm at a state of commercial aircraft. The propel.
of course, the successful launching affairs which seems to leave civil lor-turbine), is another successful
of the Soviet earth satellites which populations entirely defenceless air liner with which the Indian
continue to orbit the globe, against missile attack, and partly public are familiar Nevertheless,
This event a triumph for So- to the desire to allay the very na- the -jet era-, as applied to com-
viet scientists is of very far- tural fears of officers and men mercial airl transport, is generally
reaching significance. However, serving in the air forces, who see taken to embrace a future period
the precise value of the immedia- their chosen careers threatened by comfnencing in 1958-59, when the
te objects peaceful or other- abrupt termination. Military le.i- large turbo-jets, now building,
wise which it is designed to ders, too, often have a provcrbinl come to be delivered in substan.
serve, do not fall within the scope tendency to think of future con- tial numbers. H6w will recent
of this article. These subjects have fliet in the terms of the last major events affect the air lines' plans
been dealt with by writers better war. for this 'jet era and the future
fitted for the task. It is here pro- Be that as it may, if the Riis- of commercial air transport gene-
posed to examine this historical sians have perfected an inter-con- rally? One is inclined to the he.
event only in its relation to mili- tinental ballistic missile, and if lief that the effects will be, if not
tary and civil aviation, the U.S.A.- which is already immediate, very farreaching.
In that respect, and from the stockpiling-a medium-rankge missi-
short-term point of view, the most le-- is only a shade behind the Although the numerous opera-
significant feature is the efficien- Soviet in the manufacture of an tional problems which will attend
cy of the rockets which launched I.C.B.M., to ask us to believe that the introduction of large 600
the satellites into space. It is ge- manned military aircraft (other mp.h. turbo-jet aircraft into re-
nerally conceded by rocket ex- than transports) have any part to gular airline service remain, for
perts that this goes a long way play in major warfare for a pe- .the most part, satisfactorily to be
towards confirming a previous So- riod of more than another three settled longer runways and an
vie, claim a claim to have per- to four years, is to stretch credu- automatized system of air traffic
fected an inter-continental ballis- lity to the limit. Events are mov- control are major, but by no
tic missile. Assuming this to be ing very fast in the latter half of means the only items and P1-
the case, all previous conceptions the 20th century; in ten yo.ars'- though the finance involved in
of air power, it is clear, will have time, military aviation, one ventu- this jet reequipment programme,
to be revised in the light of that res to predict, will bear no resem- is enormous (and seriously strain-
knowledge. balance whatsoever to the form in ing the resources of the industry),
The bomber, for example, it not which we know it today. there are already maturing plans
immediately obsolete becomes, a]- Civil aviation has been seen to build supersonic'! jet air liners
most overnight (however great its closely to follow y the footsteps which will cruise at speeds of up
range and striking power) a mere of military aeronautics have pro- to 900 m.p.h. In other words,'the
lSecond best,. ,It is no use vided a not inconsiderable pro- much heralded *jet age-, and the
sending human controlled machi- portion of the research and expe-. turbo-jet air liners now building,
nes against' missiles. pronounced rimerit which has led to progress are, by no means the final word
Mr. Khrushchev recently, -for the in all aspects of commercial air in the evolution of air transport.
age of the bomber is over", transport. Particularly is this the Indeed, it is within the. bounds of
Whether we like it or not, those case with power plants which are, possibility that the 'jet age. is
words have the ring of truth. The of course, interchangeable bet. already on the way out.
bomber is too vulnerable to be ween military and commercial air The Soviet satellite has natu-
classed any longer as the most craft.I The jet engine, for exam- rally, given rise to considerable
formidable of weapons, and it pie, designed in Britain by a ser- public interest in, and slieculation
loses, ipso facto, the deterrent ving Air Force officer and long on, the subject of space travel.
effect which it has exercised to adopted in almost all forms of mi- To make plans for a holiday on
date. And if the bomber, then, na- litary aircraft, is about to become the moon next year may be a tri-
turally, the manned fighter goes the principal means of propulsion fle permature --. although return
into the limbo of obsolete and in- for commercial air liners. tickets to the moon are already
effective weapons. EFFECT ON *JET ERA.
ALLAYING PUBLIC ALARM The gas turbine engine has, of (Continued on page 10)
There are those who claim that ,.,,. ,,..,_..,, .t.W
the manned aircraft still h.s a [k
useful military part to play and T AMB H E T ME ---
will be indispensable for the next 1 flSllDt lflra 1IIVTIME!
ten years. Indeed, statements to
that effect have been made by res- NEW S
ponsible military leaders. Such A NEW SHOW
statements, one suggests, can be -t
I- iv Ir "W JY Am% 4PF W
SUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957
SUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957
fiRT& CURID 1HDP
SAge d Qua; -i
Which has the best imports from all the corners of the world. You can save up to 60%
from U.S. prices with your duty free allowance of $200. over 48 hours and $500 over
12 days outside U.S.A. Fisher's will be a realshopper's paradise. Not only free port prices
but modest mark-up, because everything isconcentrated in one large building. Are your
biggest assets in buying at -Fisher's.
Fisher's, the American's favorite shop where
ill prices are clearly marked on every item.
Where a well-trained and courteous staff will
help you to solve your shopping problems.
Where checks and foreign banknotes are aceep
ted, and your purchases shipped. We will gladW
give you free information about U.S. customs re
gulations and shipping costs. I
MAIN FLOOR OF FISHER'S SHOPPING CENTER
Guerlain Liberty of London Fabrics
Boulton and Pirrin Gloves llawick
Scotland Cashmire Sweaters Lubin
Balmein Well Knize Grifle Perfumes
Napoleon Godet Louis De Salignac Cognacs
tLarquis DeC Montesquieu Armagnac De Kuyper
Liqueurs Aalbor Aquavit Danish Porea-
lains and Silver Spalding of England
^ THE BEST NAMES uN
Liqueurs Brandies .
Art Porcelains -o
Bing & Groendahi'
Royal Vienna Augarten
Lailque and bohemian Cry@-
Marcel Frank Atomizers
Sisal Shoes Bags
T'irtnise bI ll .Yewc lm
THE WORLD FAMOUS EMBROIDERY FLOOAi,
COMPLETELY AIR CONDITIONED
THE MAHOGANY AND NATIVE IIANDICRAF1S FLOO(C
Ilaitian EmbIjroi(hri-fp! Dr'escs BIhmSPS skirts
-- nin' s' .hitst (.!', rii.tah;ab-a Shirts -
IIalian Sil!-. Scarn', -. '.-s hmndierchiefs -
"T'l:, !.i ,, *.I:,' *I .ng; Petit-point Bags
- ('ahnij.r. SI,' I I -- i',rrin ;C-.""s Libher
'lanog;anv quality goods from our owvn workshops
Sisal and Straw goods -- Vodoo Drums Dolls Hati
records Books Filnm Place Mats
I l |
SUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957
ACCENT YOUR PERSONALITY WITH PERFUME _. a ., r
What a lovely time of year is
this month before Christmas! It
makes a woman want to dress as
gaily as she feels, and wear all
her prettiest things, including her
most enchanting perfume. For she
knows that an attractive appea-
rance suggests to the world that
she is a bright, vibrant person.
If you have been making 'the
mistake of believing that perfu-
me is for wearing only on special
occasions, it's time you realized
that theory is just plain -old
hat.. Perfume is no more meant !o
be *saved" than lipstick, which,
in itself, is good clue of when ardl
how to wear fragance. Wear it
whenenever you wear lipstick,
and re-apply it just as often, for
scent rarely stays on the skin
longer than three to four hours.
,Now, once youve decided to
wear perfume daily, (and this is
a must for every lovely woman !)
the next question is what type to
wear. So me women like variety
in their fragrances... enjoy wear-
ing a different perfume for each
mood and occasion. If you're a
woman of varied temperament,
you should own a 'wardrobe of
fraganees which could include
as many as five or six different
perfume types. These might be,
a floral bouquet to match the
young feeling that goes with an
outdoor game or a,ride in the
country- an oriental or semi-
oriental perfume ,to accent the
glamorous feeling of going -on
the town. or to a Country Club
Dance a woody mossy-leafy
perfume for cool, quiet evenings
with family and friends.., a mo
dern perfume to complement the
chic of a new suit a single flo.
ral for those times spent with
'the girls.. It is easy to see how
the multiplicity of modern wo-
man's activities call for owning a
variety of fragrances to comple-
ment those varicrl pursuits.
And for the woman who pre;'ura
wearing one perfume as a kind of
signature, she might like the clas-
sic beauty of a modern blend ...
a perfume that is as right when
worn with a sweater and skirt as one can notice that small amount.
a silk cocktail suit.
There is no formula for telling
the type of perfume that any wo-
man should wear. The only and
best way in which to determine
that is to wear perfume that ple-
ases You. The result will be that
it will please those around you,
Instead, apply perfume to all the
pulse spots wrists, crook of the
arms, temples, throat, and behind
the ears. Then spray the perfume
all about you with an atomizer so
that a fine mist clings to your
clothes. In this way, you will sur
round yourself in a feminine, fra-
grant aura that will be noticed
ROCKET AIR LINERS...
(Continued from page 3)
being prepared by at least one
well known tourist agency! Ne-
vertheless, recent opinions ex-
pressed by eminent scientists, cer-
tainly seem/to reach one common
Conclusion the vast (and hither,
to largely unexploited) possibili-
ties of rocket propulsion.
In the first place, it seems, we
are only on the very fringe of
knowledge in respect of rocket
fuels. It may well be and in-
deed the probability is that
this form of propulsion is going
to be much cheaper than motie
power supplied by piston or jet
engines. This may be the key to
a great expansion of air traffic,
and the speed of travel would cer-
tainly shrink our oceans and con-
tinents to Lilliputian dimensions.
manned rocket projectiles will be cent aircraft will replace von-a .\1 M ../
used to carry passengers al- ventional aircraft on all shor:-haul
though, in course of time, that inter-city routes bi'fore that dare
too may become normal practice
Rocket propulsion can be applied ---- --_
as easily to manned aircraft as to '
projectiles. Indeed, a comrnhi.nt ionr
of rocket and jet propulsion Is "
commonly used today in expert- app de da"
mental high-speed aircraft. Rocket- pn)O | 29-0l1t X &..LeE k
propelled air liners woU'd, presu- 6
mably, be equipped with jet en- Z c
gines oh which the approach to, I
and landing at, air ports would be !^,tr rr
ROCET PLNES THE LEADER IN PROGRESS AND QUALITY |
^ ebaio, The interior workm~anship of the 1957 STUDEBAKER is ''
Is all this as fantastic as cheap wanted work of Master-Craftsmen who have faithfully
Sf cotchn /--- ; adapted the automobile to the ideal of modern life.
( STUDEB.\KER has developed the conception of automo- Is
tf^ ^^ ^A \ ^bile comfort in keeping with the criteria of real elegance. '
,=_-(, Quite a number of factors will make you appreciate the <
J^B~lfB^P^ ^additional advantages offered you by STUDEBAKER, the car "
ii (,^ with the supreme economy of European motors.
Bli^^ ^ u y.The only American car combining elegance and sturdiness j
-- "' that is really different for 1957. A
Celb o The D istributor wormain Haiti: Tip of the 1957 STUDEBAKER s (Place Geffrard)
Scotch, the talented work of Master-Craf.smenw,.ho have faithfully
Scotch Jiii adapted the automobile to the ideal or modern life.
I vk STUDEBAKER has developed the conception of autorno-
I ~, bile comfort in keeping with the criteria of real elegance.
( Quite a number of factors will make you appreciate the
additional advantages offered you by STUDEBAKER, the car
S 'vith the supreme economy of European motors.
SThe only American car combining elegance and sturdiness)
'z Sthat is really different for 1957.)
I ~Distributor in Haiti: Tipco (Place Geffrard) 5
Be sure, above all, to wear en- and appreciated not only by those
ough perfume. A dab behind each with whom you come in contact,
ear is a complete waste, for no but also by you, personally.
S N A .! 1 --"
sUNDAY DEC. 15lh. 1957
EXPAND CARIB A
I.f .M1 VI 1 r & ( -rrnm.. L-
OCHO RIOS.- The accent was I free international merchandise Rs .-i ios
I einor o( Puerto Rieo aid thlis
Maican entertainment, and Jlaina-I well as local products. is a parl u1week telonicon ai
I week Ille lour-nation Caribbezn
an cuisine when the mullti-mi!llon the hotel and there are also a IraCc-mssi sald be enlarged.
I .'cmm'ssio i ?;'.aald be enlarge-d.
dollar Arawak resort opened heie vel bureau and a post office Re'iord G. Tugwell. professor
n Mimmee Ba. December 7. I Guest rooms each have a large emeritus f political since t
Opealed by C:nadian ho,-1 It.- terrace and the ?neral decor is the University of Chicago and for.
coon Charles Oren-tein and .nana Janicean in design. Native arts mer head of the Puerto Rican go.'
ged by Sam C Levyformerly ia- and craft,, colors, materials and verinment. expressed the view ';in
naggerof the M.,rtle Bank in King.;- patterns have all been u ilized i a talk at the annual Confcrnee of
ton, the hotel has 176 rooms. a'li :he interior decoration The nbv -the Cabihhe-in
air conditioned. is also Jamaican and a 2'-foqt lih1: Economi.. and political events
on Jamaican atmosphere. Jam.ikai aviary filled with local birds pro- vhich led to the formation of the
atmosphere, Jamaican decor, Ja videos a dramatic effect. An u-t'P Caribbean Commission by the U S
Rates for the hotel have ecen terrace links Ihe lobby ovth the and Ciea;; c:' n in the warecars
*- announced and they are in effect dining room and supper club. f the earl., INn4s were related n,
from December 16 through April A mural depicting Ihe history of T:1'g|el;.
15: doubles, $ 5055-58; Fingles. Jamaica enfolds the circular Culo- [h-2. D uic'i .nd Frenih hb:-name
$404245; all full American Plian ny Dining Roon. a part of the commission wilta a;
The hotel is located just behind Breakfast is served by costum- few years and have added theu-
a 700-foot white sand beach on ed waiters on the guest's own tcr contribution, he said.
the Caribbean. A miniature Jama!- race. Entertainment includes a.
can village on the grounds housc- calypso orchestra and limbo dan- WIDER SCOPE
more than 300 staff members A cers. There iz a complete program .1 still hear suggestions thiat I the
thatched hut serving as a bar --ts of planned activities including commission now, be abandoned,
adjacent to the swimming pool and outdoor barbecues, side trips on he said. 'I have the temerity to
a complete solarium is on the the island, shows featuring native suggest instead that its work bh'
roof. dancers, and sports activities, enlarged by bringing in the inde-
The cuisine, which is internati-'- pendent countries'.
AVIARY nal, also offers special Jamaican He said the agency is caplile
A shopping arcade, featuiring tax dishes for the gourmet, of greater usefulness.
ACCENT ON JAMAICA
AT ARA WAK HOTEL OPENING
bean areas is increasing.
He nid -technicians in ohir o-
ganization expect that .nuerlc'-r
power will be carrying" three per
cent of the total free world energ'
demand two decades hence.
*We do not look for this to re-
duce the demand for oil but feel
rather that use of atomic energy
for power generation is nmore
likely to enhance the demand fur
Griffin said oil comsuinplion ii
ruerid Rico is 104 per cent ahcid
ot 1947 and ..when we compare
ihis with a per capita increase in
the national income from 271 U.S.
dollars in 1946 to 421 in 1956. we
can see the relationship of eneirgv
SLEICA- RDOI.LEIFLEX VOIGTLANDER 7
SLI.NHDF RETINA- BOLEX EXAKTA
EXA PRACTICE PRACTINA EDIXA
BRAUN HOJBBY-MULTIBLITZ A
= 'XPOSURE', METERS: !
E BEST /
E-1ES BEWl AU TO' M AT--S I XTr M AT-M ETRAP HIOT /
aM^ cewnpa Ca4M IH^
OF HAITI 5.R.
S*VERY Low DUTY RUCBonne Foi-Phone:2390
' //^^ ^^^
-~g 4;O :i1~~~ ~
LA BELLE CREOLE'S SAVE YOU 33-1/3 0/0 60 0/0
SWISS WATCHES ____________________________
II \ TI) \ N
Records & Bookc
S Sports Shirts
gFJEE PORT PRICES
' -,'.'.! W orcester
Ihoval Crown Derby
I land-headed & Petit
Orlane's Gelce Royale
-U-DA- DEC 15h 197"-1151 ae
AGENCY FOR MORE SELF-HELP
The confission which has no. consnimption to the standard of
executive authority has provided living,.
[or dilS.cussion of the area's nro- \With the grouping of the British
blenm und aided in technical as i-lands into a Caribbean Federa-
sistance for the solution of those' lion "ith dominion status as the
cc oil cons.inip:lion in most Carih-' goal the Commission is being
problems. wound utip and a Conference on
C. J. Gi iffin. member of the its future is to be held shortly.
board of Esso Standard Oil of
South America, to'd the con'ric-in
(Continued from- page 1)
gathered outside the headquarters
of the Peoples United Pary to
greet Price. They carried him up
the steps of the building.
Oother people lining the route
from the airport hailed himn as
-our herc- as he passed.
In his speech at the airport Price
claimed that the Colonial Office
had tried lo stop him and other
members of the delegation from
arriving before the Governor and
that they were refused funds.
He said the Colonia Office had
triod to make them come home by
sea so that the Governor should
arrive fir,; But they raised mon-
ey from a business firm in Lon-
don and were able to come back
on-the same plane as the Govern-
In his speech, Price said that
the presence of the people at the
airport, nine miles from the ca-
to settlement of British-Guatema-I
Price said the proposal for self-
governmen for British Honduras
was not made to delegates. They
proposal that was to be made to
the Foreign Office a proposal
which was another link in the
chain of discussions which had
The Governor said he had -no
sort of quarrel with the People's
United Party which he believed
to be strongly opposed to any sug-
gestion that the colony should be
incorporated in Guatemala..
The recent discovery of petro-
leum in Northern British Hondu-
ras has added interest to the re-
been going on between the two vival of the dispute between Gua-
countries for many months, with- temala and Briatn and the contre-
out the knowledge of the people temps with the British Honduran
of British Honduras-. delegation t6 London.
Guatemala maintains that Britain
iHe said hlie had told Alan Let-. failed to comply with the com-
nox Boyd, Secretary of State for pensalory clause of the treaty of
the Colonies that he and his April '30, 1859, by which Guate-
fellow members had decided mala ceded to Britain the territo-
they would have nothing to do ry now known as Birtish Hondu-
wath the Guatemalan 'porposal ras.
unless it was presented to them Under the compensatory clause,
through official channels. Then Britain undertook to build a rail-
they would refer it to the peo- way uniting the port of Belize, in
pie for the people's decision. British Honduras, with Guatemala
I City. The railway never was built
.This evidently is what displeas-an GTealac asBt
ed the Secretary of State who and Guatemala claims Britain
wanted us to toe the line of the thereby forfdted 'its right to the
_, r .. ... ... te r -ito ry .
CLolonial Uiice an dlu bUppress in
Only 8 more Days left to buy
YOUR XMAS GIFTS
Avoid the last minute rush
with comfort and select, the
gifts you have been after at.
where you will find thousands
of gifts articles and
a couteous Service
HERE THE LOWlEST PRICE, IS THE ONLYV, PRICE
pital. showed that they were ready proposal once and for all' he said. r'
and capable of selfgovernment.
Referring to the discussion with GOVERNOR HITS AT PRICE
the Guatemalan envoy Price said
all four members of the delega- The Governor of British Hondu-
tion who attended were -informed. ras, Sir Colin Thornley in a broad-
of a proposal which the Minister cast criticised George Price, left-
was going to make to the Foreign wing political leader for -corn-
dffice. rice said they wPere told plete lack of candour and good
just for their information faith' vhich he said led to the
When they were told of the pro- breakdown of constitutional lalks
posal the four decided not to do in London last week
anything about it until they had The talks were broken off when
finished their talks with Mr. Alan Colonial Secretary British Alan
Lennox-Boyd, Secretary of State I Lennox Boyd told the House of
for the Colonies. Commons that some members of i
the British Hunduras delegation
When Lenno.r-Boyd heard they U had discussed with the Guatema-
Shad forind out about the propo-, lIan envoy in London a plan for
sal he tried to persuade them to severing the colony:s connections
reject it but they refused with Britain.
Price is the leader of the Peo-
Price said he told Lennox Boyd pie's United Party which won this.-
that the people should know about -year's general election in British
the pro[lsal since it interested Honduras.
them primarily. It :1 bioodcast to the C)lony,
One of the facts Price said was Sir Colin suid Price ..ha'l the il.
that he had received a message tcn,ion of trying to play cc gov-
Sfrom the Colonial Office in July ernment off against the other.
this year to be ready ;o go, to and that he-was prepared in cer-
London'atl a moment's notice in tain eventualities to see the Co-
order to be 'present at talks be- lony 'handed ever to the Guate-
tween the United Kingdom Gov. malan republic, lock, stock and
ernment and Guatemala relating barirels
g ferae ad oNVnLLE
tfe *ne and onlu y
The Most Productive
6 Bonus Features... Plus the Long-Lived Oil Clutch
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clutch 40 tip back bucket Easy to '.i.rv-
ice full-flow hydriauilic filters l;-ih diltiiipng
clearance Adjustable, automna!ic kickout
bucket coittrol In-seat slirt-ng Bucket
The No. 977 is completely desigried andi
built by one manufacturer. This means thai
all components including cii;ne, ldlratulic
system, bucket, oil clutch, CIt'.(A.L, ;.r.0. 'Icrk
frame are perfectly relatcd.d to "i'. )G>i i 1 % '1 t:.r
balance, weight and N-jx'r :.r i. c.. ..-i
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Name the date we'll dcnn.iirfi.e tl,.
CATERPILLAR" No. 977 Tr.'-.vit,,'ii.
YOUR C.T ISrgtLR- DEALER
Haitian Tractor Equipment Co. S. A.
Maurice Bonnefil, Manager Chancerelles
(Tel. : 2631)
Engine-Car Diesel......100 HP
Standard Bucket Capacity .21/4 cu. yd.
Dumping Clearance.. %.. .9 3%"
(45 discharge ang'e)
Dumping Height ... 1191/2"
(cer.tr of hinge pin to
Digging Depth ... .. 13"
below ground v,;ih 5' in-
i nal di;ggng aiglo tel it
r'gsh .. .. 17' ;/2"
W idth ....... .. .. ... 1 8'
Height ..... 3 '
V/Wcigt .. ........ .31,795 lb.
i SUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957
any other time since tile war,
for there are no easy markets
left after the sterling countries
have relaxed their restraints on
non-sterling trade or have beer,
overtaken by financial goods are
concerned the pointers are not
very favourable. The Canadian.
are, naturally, susceptible l.
prehension' that the political (the American way of lile 5tso
rift between Britain and France are the Austraiians, incidental-
might destroy the somewhat flint ly, as British exporters are dis-
sy structure of the freetrade covering with some distressE;
scheme so far built-the French and efforts of the Canadian wool.
have ndve'r been enthusiastic textile industry to reduce irn.
about the scheme, anyway, ports from Britain are a warn
The formal agreement bet- ing of the resistance that might
ween Argentina and the 11 Eu- Ibe expected if the products of
ropean countries of the *Paris British light industry in gene-
Clubo represents another form ral were exported in much in-
of regional trading with multi- creased quantities to Canada.
lateral payments- but Britain The purpose of Canadian po.
will not liberally grant long ere licy, according to the vice chair-
dits to Argentina although the man of the trade mission, Mr.
Agreement provides for settle- James S. Duncan is to increase
ment of past debts Financial mis Canadian sales to Britain. asI
sions from Ghana and Jamaica well as substitute British goods
have followed others from the I for American: though the lat
.terling area seeking mutually ter procedure must begin the
satisfactory releases from steri- two-way growth. The intention
ling balances- a reminder that is that Britain shall further re-
, Britain as banker is' under pres lax restrictions on imports from
sure these days from other ine:n the dollar area (specifically Ca-
hers of the sterling area. The nada)- which restrictions are,
biggest trade mission ev'r ta anyway, less onerous than many
visit this country ha.; arri-.'cd people imagine. And the impli
from Canada for a tour ol the cation of this policy is that the
her- suggesting that the non- restrictive character of he sterl-
sterling member of the Commjn ing area shall be further whit-
wealth may make another tied down.
breach in the imaginary area. There is nothing new in the
Meanwhile, New Zealand's re- idea that the sterling area is dis
presentatives have been explain integrating: it has arisen, and
ing to the British Government been inconclusively discussed, re
how difficult the sterling sys- peatedly in recent years. Such
tem has become for a food-pro- discussion is in progress now,
during country that is depen- but with a different emphasis to
dent on the British market suit the changed circumstances.
It is too early to estimate the Britain's inability to provide the
likely benefits of the Canadi.n's capital required by 'the other
visit, but the tUeatnient accord- sterling countries is still the ba-
ed to the delegation- treatment sic problem, but it is now regar
such as no such delegation has ded here as a misfortune for Bri
ever received in this country b,- Itain as much as for the other
fore- shows how seriously the countries : for the other coun-
British Government regards the tries India and countries
Canadian Government's expres- more recently made indepen-
sed desire to switch 15% of the" dent especially, -but Australia
country's import's from the U S. New Zealand and South Africa
A. to Britain. Machinery is the as well- are still receiving ca-
.laigcst item in the westward tra pital fromni Britain, even though
de between Britain and Canada, Br-itain's reserves are thereby
and it is mainly in this category overstrained. It is sometimes
that the mission will triy ta ex- 'overlooked that mu inh of the nmo
pand trade. But the preponde-
rance of American finance in Ce
nadian industry which the Ca-
nadian Prime Minister is trying
to resist implies that much of
the Canadian economy is alrea-
dy geared to the American mar.
ket and British equipment does
not very easily fit into it.
-t The British, on their side,
must be more puncitilious with
.. their deliveries, and must .'im-
S'prove their after-sales services,
if they are to take full advauta-
ge of the Canadian opportunity
S -and they are more willing to
SW, than at
-cy released belongs to the coun
tries that are now using it. The
fact remains that the withdraw
wals, unless carefully planned
and coordinated can upset the
equilibrium of sterling.
BURDENS & BENEFITS
The Government does not con
cede that it has in any way chan
ged its policy towards tile ster-
ling area The Chancellor of the
Exchequer said recently, refer-
-Ing to this system: cit brings
us a great deal in the way of
vcalsh, strength and prestige.'
Yet the Covernment's own trad-.
ng p.licv especially" in relation
o the European fre-trarde area,
;eems tacitly to assume that the ed by the system, as much as of overseas territories could get
Watering area is being supersed- its advantages. capital from Britain, they could
.?d The Government is certain- The advantages in former ti- contribute to the common fund
ly aware of the" burdens impos- lines were mutual While the (Continued on page 14)
U. K. ECONOMIC SURVEY
Biggest Ever Trade Mission From
Canada: Scope For Boosting
Exclusive To The Statesman And The cHaiti Sun
From A Correspondent In London
-Throughout the Caribbean and
to Central and South America
To the good service you have been enjoying,
KLM adds the utmost in comfort with the
?.. ..-.....L :. .. ... .. i (! L ( ,ni a .P- naine
"'E stlperb intLUr iolU i .sign l
S Flying DLttchman.
Now, more thaniever, KL
the warm Dutch h ,i.'.
and pi sominl iten1li;r(n .,n
travje-rs the world u".
Fof .y'.'-..m o;;cn tee your Ircvt'. j,'
v \L Z :rT.
LILC J AMI*U li- '* 6 110 *
,M provides you with' 2.
lity. Suiicnr service ..
. 'c-.i by r~xperjeiced
,! '4' ,
7 -:- 9-1-
L 4- l1':. ,
4 .. '
1*L -. '- .< if t"
AND SUPERB AND FAMOUS
-- Qaalitq-Mtamodnt. Sa Sisal.
rYGpAID RUE A t-esOotaxcLwfltbresl i 'ttS pU.S. P.rJI I4
rp L -V-0
"" e, .' *:^ t :
,' .. ',
f "' ,; ... .- :"
.' -Now ac
The United Kingdom's trad-
ing and financial relations are
forming a complex pattern. The
inclusion of Mr. Reginald Daud
ling,& the Minister responsible
for negotiating the European
free-traae area, in the Prince
Minister's party visiting Paris
reflected the Government's ap-
UNADC5 t- 1AITI-SUNn
'ice .. 4
WINS PULITIZER PRIZE...
(Continued from page 3)
of business operated by a white
man and asked to use the tele-
phone to summon reinforcements.
Further, I have been told that
the white man, upon learning the
nature of the call, said that his
phone could not be used for such
purposes. His refusal might have
saved a number of lives here last
DECISION WAS RIGHT
I believe the .Supreme Couit de
cision had to come and that it was
morally right. Nothing in it is in-
consistent %ith my conception of
democracy L.ven though a back-
ground of Soefitheln living. South-
,ern custom and Southern tradi-
tion tells me it will be strange to
see coloured faces at the Universi-
ty of Alabama. But I believe we
should prepare ourselves to accept
this development, since it has
been ordered as rightful and, just
by our courts
This United States is one coun-
try. We in the South are out-
numbered. We don't like what the
Supreme Court has said. But we
have been telling the rest of the
country to go to hell and we can't
do that and get awey with it.
They're going to do like y'ou
and I would do if one of our com-
munities told us it meant to vio-
late the law as much as it pleas-
ed. We'd control them lawfully.
So will the rest of this country
use the full fotce of the law on us
if we drive them to it
Extreme attitudes hold no pro-
mise for peaceful extension of the
blessings of democracy. I believe
that if we really stand for liberty
Sand justice, it must be for all.
And I believe that if all of us
will combine these great principles
with the teachings of our religions,
w'e shall find the correct answers.
That is what we must seek the
way that is fair, the way that is
just, and the way that is right.
HAITI'S OLDEST MOST RELIABLE
WEST INDIES GARAGE
Services all makes of Cars and Trucks
Does all types of repair work
Automatic Transmissions Specialists
On the Rue du Centre next to SHASA
At Your Service
English, Spanish and French Spoken
The Biggest anddMost Luxurious
Of Small Cars
.s eine Wunde
das Kleine Wunder !
The DKW 3: 6 is the car for the motorist who looks for ou
standing engineering, performance and design.
Frontwheel drive, floating axle, automatic freewheel, aerodynamic
body, tubeless tires and the famous valveless 3 cylinder high perfoi
manee DKW 3 : 6 engine: that's why driving a DKW gives you th
impression of driving a real sports car!
Drive the DKW 3-6 once and you will experience
thrill In motoringl
CARIBBEAN TRADING COMPANY
(right across the street from Banque Colombo Rue Pave)
Please contact Mr. W.P. Graesel
for more information, also about financing possibilities.
SUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957
U K ECONOMIC SURVEY
of dollars held in London (re-
ceiving sterling in exchange, i
and Britain could thereby finan
ce the deficit on her own trade
with the dollar area. But this de i
ficit has been so reduced by the
growth of British exports to
North America that it does not
require any special system to
deal wich it; and there are good
opportunities for earning gold
by exporting to the countries of
the European Payments Unr'on
or to South Afica (whose gold
is,: of course, treated separate-
ly from that of the other sterl-
ihg countries). And the oversea
sterling countries, instead of
contributing to the central re-
serves, are now, or will be
-soon, making net claims on it.
. The demands of tMe oversea
territories are partly for long-
term developmenL partly to co-
ver deficits on current account
(which are"also, in varying de-
grees, associated with capital de-
velopment). Newly or prospecti-
vely independent territories
cioLh me 1-.hnnn WID.r1 th X7Lct
Turn ut The Screw
(Continued from page 3)
-LLuL. as .InaIid,, iMlaya, lilth WVt J
Irrlian Federation, have accu- ture. It seems to me that Bri- -
mulated sterling balances that tish Honduras have every right
can undo all the benefits of the to decide whether they want to
U.K.'s improved balance of pay stay as they are, become Guate-
ments if these balances are ra. malan citizens, ask the U.S.A. to| I --
pidly withdraw. India,'s prob- admit them as a 49th s'ate or kss o
lems seem to be under control, ask the Swiss Confederation to
but the external finances of ne- let them join that little island
early all the other sterling coun of sane neutrality. India, Pakis- hops
tries have deteriorated, so that tan, Burma, Malaya, Ghhna have
the central reserve is losing the all decided on varying degrees r-S
benefits of India's stabilization. of self-determination: why not W- '
British Honduras? I would likc '" A
FALL IN COMMODITIES to think that British Honduras
would see some future for itaei' 1'' i
A major cause of this deterio in the new federation, but that
ration is the fall in commodity is for us and the British gov'.J
prices. To the extent that the ernment to persuade. It is not
U.K.'s terms-of trade are made today morally lawful to apply '.
more favorable by this develop- coercion By ap Frst
ment the finances of the sterl- Mr. Lennox-Boyd appears to ;...,.
ing system can benefit; the fi- hold the view that what is legi- \.
nuances of Britaina are strengthen timate for a people of a certain I
ed while those of other sterling size, is illegitimate for a people .-'<___ <
countries are weakened. But the of more moderate numbers, j ,g
full overseas trade figures for What is right for Ghanians is "
October confirmed the adverse apparently wrong for Cypriot
impression of the preliminary Greeks and British Hondurans--i ^
figures. It has been shown not which is plain nonsense. I have 7 -
only that the growth of exports no idea what the citizens of Bri
was much less than is normal tish Honduras really want, but
in October but also that export I do know tlhis- that ultimate-
prices, of engineering and other ly the will of the people will
goods., turned'downward in that prevail. And if anyone doubts .
month, having been rising or it, let him just direct his mind TIEEETlATX MADEMiL,.XtCFAMif
1to the history of Brattish Guia-
stationary every month since to the history of Btish Gu-
early 1956. Both these facits, it na in the last few years and con JOS. SCIILITZ BREWING
must be supposed, reflect the re side who, in the event, has MIVLWAUKEE WIS.
must be supposed, reflect the re I BROOKLYN N. Y.
duction of purchasing power in won the Lyttelton-Jagan fight. LOS ANGELES CALIF.
the primary producing coun- HAITI'S MOST MODERN
It was until recently assumed
that Britain would not percep-
tibly suffer these ill-effects until
next year. Now the question 'J
arises whether Britain and other .
European countries will be able
to prevent a severe recession of'
trade even if increased 'govern-
mental spending in the U.S. re-
verses the downward tendency -
there. Opinions on the Ameri-
can prospect are divided here
(as in American itself), but no-
one doubts the reality of reces-
I cinn in thp Pni-*t.ip thnt hn..
IaisUi II In A tULII L t na LtldL I1dbV'
Complete stock of genuine DKW spare parts and efficient to sell commodities at much re-
service by a German mechanic at your disposal. duced prices. It may be that an
This is The Finest and Fastest Service in
Branches In downtown Port-au-Prince and Petion-Ville.
(Continued from page 13)
upturn in the U.S.A. will soon ment was less than half of the
reverse the trend of prices; but total in 1954, it was appreciably
the primary exporters' purchas- more than half of the total in
ing power will necessarily re- 1956. partly because companies
main depressed for a censidera- were spending more on capital
ble time, and various countries projects, partly because local
will have to reduce their purcha authorities were spending less
ses from Britain or draw more on housing. So there is more
heavily on their reserves held in scope for recession in the priva-
Britain. te sector than there was a few
SPENDING UNDER CONTROL years ago. On the other hand-
It is argued, not unconvincin- and this is the second qualifica.
gly, that a depression of the tion- there is no scope for in.
prewar type is impossible now, creasing expenditure in the pub-
because spending controlled by lic sector unless the sterling
Governments is a much larger area's finances are so strengthen
proportion of total spending ed that Britain's financial poli-
than it was in prewar times In
the case of Britain this argu- cy can be relaxed.
meant has to be qualified. In its Britain herself is economizing
,Bulletin for Industry, this imports. She plans to cease im-
month the Treasury has pointed porting American coal after Ja-
out that the tendency in invest- nuary next. So freight rates will
ment has been reversed : wher- probably fall, further while
eas the private sector's invest- new' ships still glide down the
--------------- slipways, to begin their working
life unprofitably. '
t PS :,4
SUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957
Major Max Laurenceau has
been named to the post of Com-
mandant of the Haitian Coast
serve, do not fall within the sc
Ambassador Hubert Carre, re-
cently appointed to head the
Haitian Diplomatic Mission in
Bogota, is expected to leave soon
for his new post. He is publis-
her of the daily- eLe Jour.
Mr. Raoul Rouzier, Editor of
GLe Jour>, and former Liberian
Consul General, was appointed
by the Government last week
to the post of Ambassador to
Monrovia, and will leave within
the next two weeks, with Mrs.
Rouzier, for Liberia.
Miss Denise Rouzier, daughter
of the new Haitian Ambassador
to Liberia, is expected here this
week, from New-York.
Mr. Raphael Lespinasse, Con-
sul. General of Haiti to N'ew-
York left for the U.S. Thursday.
Mr. Henri Ch. Rosemond, memr
ber of Haiti's permanent Delega-
tion to United Nations, returned
to his post in New-York, after
several days in the Capital.
Mrs. Leopardi, 'high Venezue-
lan functionary, returned to Ca-
racas after a brief stay in Haiti.
Dr. Linus Terrebone, Director
of the SCHAER, returned from
a, tour of Central America. on
Miss Jean Bundas lovely Seat-
tle (Washington) secretary, who
is taking a week's holiday from
her activities on the American
Embassy staff here, poured tea
at her Canape Vert residence on
Tuesday afternoon. The ladies at
tending found Jean's home-made
choney-buttern an exquisite sup-
plement to the tasty tea-cakes.
Mrs. Louis Farreau, wife of
the. Haitian Vice-Consul at New-
York, left by air Wednesday to.
joi her husband.
Mr. Robert Klein, Cultural At
tache at the American Embassy
here', went to New-York via Pan
American Airways, on Wednes-
. x X
The Reynosos of the Argenti-
ne.Embassy are the proud pa-
rents of a new son, *Juan Car-
los, who made his bow to the
WoDrld at the Notre Dame de
Mt. Carmel Clinic in Havana.
x X x
The Gernman Consulate Secre-
tary, Mr. Kurt Ludwigsen. lea-
ves his post here after two years
He is booked to sail on tht
eHornbergk for Hambourg.
x x x
Chalet Suissea is the new
nicker of the former
der the ne". dirte-ction of
X X X
Mr. Antoine Guerrier. form
Director of Lycee Toussaint
sUNDAY DEC. 15t't. 1957
verture, was recently named Ge xx x x ter of Engineer and Mrs. HO-
neral of the Department of Na. Mr Antoine E. Moise, Secre. nald Barwell was born in Kings-
tional Education. 'ary of the Haitian Embassy at ton, Jamaica. and returned here
x x x Caracas flew to his new post last with her mother, thle former
Radio Station MBC returns to Sunday. iMaude Montas to spend-a vaca-
the air today, with an inaugura xxx 'tion with grandparents. Mr. and
tion program and special music M-rs. Emile St Lot, wife of Mrs. Einile Sepe. Her dad is cx-
to celebrate the occasion. The the U.N. delegate, leaves to join pected here this week to join
station is owned by Le Matin her husband in' New-York this the family for the c-nd-of-.h'ic-
Publisher, Franck Magloire. Pi-noing week. year celebrations.
At the FEDECAME Conferen-
cc, which opened on December
9th at San Salvador, Haiti is re-
presented by Mr. Louis Sansa-
ricq, specialist in coffee matters.
Thle Congress will last to De-
cember 12 th.
xxx OPENING NIGHT OF T
Tile Witnesses of Jehovah are "
holding a Congress at the Thea1 t
13l. to 16th. Mr. Don A. Adams, -L
Secretary of the Watch Tower
Bible and Tract Society of Broo-
klyn, N. Y. will deliver the lee-
Xxx Monday Dcember 16th at
The guest speaker at the Ins-
titute of Ethnology on Friday <
evening was Mr. Jean Coradin. <
ex-Ambassador to Liberia. He
spoke on the progress made by
the African Republic, and pre-. ONCE AGAIN
:sented a colour film on Liberia
which lie made while at the head
of the Haitian Embassy there.
xxx x THE HOTEL OLOFFS
The Compagnie Royale Nee- HOTEL OLOFFS
'anil.nisce de Navigation will give '
cocktail party aboard the new
~r- ..nt .- L.. :_ wr- 1T ^ ..J
LDuLtLcv e'sl WringDelrl Li ei-Ul -
'andenm on Wednesday evening
'.om 5:00 to 7:00 o'clock, in ce-
' b.-ation of the first trip-of the
ship to Port-au-Prince.
Miss Ginette William, and
nirried last evening, at the Sa
,'cutenant Jean Riviere were
*red Heart of Turgeap church.
I"he bride, a member of the Char
-'s Dejean & Company person-
el, was honoured by a sumptu
us party, Thursday evening, at
'he Ruelle Riviere home of Mr.
ind Mrs. Guy Martin, attended
)y her colleagues of the Dejean
x x x
Captain Charles Turnier, new
assistantt Commercial Attache
*t the Haitian Embassy in Was-
'iington. flew to his post Tues
x x X
Ambassador Salnave Zamor
vho represents Haiti at the Or-
Sne junior Hldcu risu, re.c.....
returned to the Capital from a
tour of the North and Northeast
of the island, where they lectur-
ed to the pupils of the region.
The theme and significance of
the Red Cross- health and in-
ternational friendship- was
ably handled by the young JRC
A Unique Cast-A thrilling Spectacle
| Minimum $2.00 per person
1 Dinner Served From 7:00 to 9:00 P. M.
" Please Reserve Your Tables For Dinner
.. Come Early
'" Limited Capacity
organization of American States x x x x x x
in New-York clippered to his Miss Antonine Carre and Dc-
i posi on Tuesday. puty Andre Gamrnier, will ex- The Fourth &,lardi of the
x x x Notre Damine on January llth. at French Institute on December
Fe n Baguidy, Secretary of change vows at the Basiliquce 17th, at 8:00 P.M. wvill feature a
the country's Permanent Dele- 6-30 PM. lecture by th'ie Reverend Father
nation at the OAS left by the x x x Francois Ducaud-Bourget, Chap-
same plane. The marriage of Miss Denise lin of the Sowreign Order of
x x x Flacide and Smith L. Chariot, is Malta. The subject: ePoety and
Fir.t Embassy Secretary An- announced for December 14th, !a few unappreciated poets.a The
dre Toussaint. returned to Was- at 10:00 AM. lecture will be followed by the
hrngton this week, after several x x x French documentary film: ,Le
Ger rveeks in the Capital. The Argentine Charge d'Affai Mont St-Michel.s
x x x res. Dr. Alberto D. Rio will en-
The new member of the Hai- tertain at a cocktail party at the The Direction invites\all the
11o tian Embassy in Ciudad Trujil. Embassy in Bourdon, Thursday friends of France to attend, and
erge 10. is Mr. Delorme Mehu. from 5:00 to 7:00 P.M. admission is free.
UL1 i x x x x x
Mr. x x x
Scno:ra Alina Guerrero de Val Andree Elizabeth Barwell ob-
divia, wife of the Cuban Atta- served her annivcrsaly on De-
nely clhe, left for Havana this week member 7th, and was all of one Miss Liliane Gibosse. and Geor
Lou after a brief sojourn here. year old. The little miss. daugh- ges Clinton, both members of
___ -- T.... on,4* r i- nq-a /". r ecp-*f nan
PAGE 16 HAITI SUNS SUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957
One of the many unusual homes in Cap-Haitien is now the
home of theS Dominican Consulate in the Northern Metropolis.
Many houses have tiled (shingle roofs) as in foreground.
Consultations, Contracts, Imrnmigration visas, Collections, etc.
Address: Rue Danlts Destouches
,, P. 0. Box 354
SPhones: 2345, 3591
Miss Fielding who has been
training with American Dance
Professor here, Mrs. Lavinia Wil
liams Yarborough, is expected
to appear in a presentation at
X X X
Behind, Hotel Simbie (Martis-
Beautiful, new house, at Petioc-
Ville, on hill overlooking park.
Furnished by interior decorator,
4 bedrooms, livingroom, dinin-
groom, pantry, bar-room, balco-
Haiti Sun, forappointment to
*Large house for rent in Tur-
geau (Rue Martin), livingroom,
dinningroom, 5 bedrooms two
bathrooms. Apply Georges Baus
san, Architect. (opposite Natio-
SMrs. Sally Chambers who with Husband Ray left recently to
Stake up a new post with the Americaf Institute in Nice. The,
popular couple spent two years in Haiti with the Haitlan-Ame
j rican Institute.
one name stands out
DPVID L-Wiwtf r V
FOR RLL THRT IS FINEST IN
FRENCH PERFUMES CPSHME/EE SWEJTE4'S
Sl TRLIR/N GcLOVES, FRENCH LIQUOrS
6vWis5 s VtRCHES @IPETIT PO/NT 73"74r5
STIT FREE PORT PRICES
0 e 0 6
* F /?ENC/-/ LIMO E5
STEEL BE3RDED 795Q-S
We sincerely hope that you will have a nice time in Port-au-Prince and we are Looking forward to being
of service to you in our store and factory, where we can offer you an immense array of figurines.
bowls, trays, carvings and sculptures.
David and Wally
GRAND' RUE No 144
PORT-AU- PRINCE. HAITI
MEMISER OF CARtisnERN TOURI7ST R-5SOCIRTION
*mMEMBER OF R/LrIT TOURIST SHOPS R55OCiR/ION7A
FOR EVERY OCCASION
SUNDAY DEC. 15th. 1957
(Continued from page 15)
BARBARA FIELDING BACK sant)-- Beautiful house for rent, tor, Gas range, very large gar-
ON THE SCENE three-quarters furnished, 3 bed- den and lawn, Servant's quar.
Barbara Fielding, talented Ame- rooms, 2 barthrooms, living- ters. Apply Haiti Sun for ap-
rican dancey, has been on the room, diningroom, Air-condition- pointment to visit. (Will 'cona.
Haitian scene for the past fort- ned Master Bedroom, hot and der rental unfurnished If deslr-
night. She is well-known for her cold running water, Refrigera- ed.)
participation in artistic manifes --------------- ------
tations abroad in honour of Hai-
ti. Performing with noted Hai-s
tian artists Alphonse Cimber
and Emerante Despradines mor
se, she excels in modern and
Haitian Folkloric dancing.
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