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A HARASSED HAITI '
AWAITS NEW RULE
(From The New York Times) I
Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Oct. 5-An VOL. VaIPort-au-Prince, Halt
official announcement is expected
this week on the date for the inau-
guration of (Dr. Francois Duvalier I
as President of Haiti and the instal-
lation of the new Congress. ( A
A time-table set by the ruling
;Ulitary junta had called for the in- B U N O R
auguration ,qf the new President LU N
5c. BLU NO
The official results of the Con-
gressional races ar-e to be annotunc-
that Duvalier supporters won thir- the red but the indivisible bi-
tv-two of thirty-seven seats in the oolor of the HaitiapYpeople,,>
Chamber of Deputies in the elect-
ion Sept. 22. The rest went to the says president elect( Dr. Fran-
backers of Louis Dejoie, a defeated 0ois Duvalier. Born April 14,
Presidential candidate. r
It is reliably reported that Mr. De 1909 in a rural section of Port
ioie won his Senate seat in the au. Prince, he studied at the
south. His whereabouts, however, .
have been a mystery since he drop- Lyc6e Petion and entered the
ped out of sight a little more than Faculty of Medicine of the Un-
w ieek ago. kI tyo at n12,ga
Death of US. Citizen Cited iversity of Haiti in 1928, gra-
The death of the Haitian-born dating in 1934. After ten
United States citizen Shibley Tala-
mas while in the hn'ds of Haitian years of private practice he
Army interrogators, occurring as it worked with the U.S. govern-
:did twenty-four hours after terror-
fits bad slain four soldiers, at the ment sanitary mission from
mountainn outpost of Kenscoff, was 1943 to 1954 fighting yaws and
a -blow to those who felt that the
: country had succeeded at any rate malaria in Haiti. Yaws has vir-
Sin. holding peaceful elections after
..ten months of turmoil. _______
':: Further evidence of economic
:"rt t n bv ten 'months of 'i
successionsof regimes and political .MOOD OF
..--ssawng came this week in an an-
'**oaceaueat that thE Unitedt States m ...
oeritions Mission was ending COU NlTKY
Ihree of its most important technic-
al assistance programs. D CO R
in these joint United States-Haiti DISCOVERED
San operations, Haiti undertakes to
.rbvij4e three of even' five dollars
."-6ibtunditure. To dant. the Haitian (Gleanitngs from the notebook
Government is in arrears to the ex- of a foreign correspondent out
tent of $166,000 on agricultural,
health and educational programs, to discover the mood of the
SA United States Embassy spokes- country during the recent elec
man, said the contributions by the it .
Haitian Government had been so de ion.)
: linquent or in such dribbles that Reporter: Now Mr. Coster-
the program had suffered setbacks
making operations under present Mr. Roger Coster, I- believe -
e:conditions most unsatisfactory you have been a resident of
T'. his official explanation spiked
rumors that the move was a reta- Haiti for some years. Discount
liatory one or pressure on the junta ing all the politically-inspired
because of the Talamas incident.
.' Meanwhile, the junta, having fur- claims and charges we hear,
Siushed a news conference with its what is your impartial view of
own version of the cause of Mr, Ta-
lamas' death -a heart attack follow the overall state of Haiti to-
Ig a struggle with an officer and ay?
[ four enlisted men when he became
Violent during interrogation- said Coster: Tell all your readers
h replv to a United States note of zat ze best view of ze overall
.protest had been forwarded to the
HaiWan Ambassador in Washington. state of Haiti today is from ze
SIt was authoritatively reported ( nin o pg
that the junta's note took the stand (Continued on page 2)
tat Mr. Talamas' death was caused
Sbyheart failure, that only reason-
75. force had been used in restral-. T A A l
i ing him when he resisted arrest
lpd that the arrest had been order- A C-E
i" on the ground heat there was e death, under tragic circums-
Ptma. facet evidence he had enga- tances on Sunday, September 29th,
od in criminal activities. of the well-known scion of a weal-
A. Junta spokesman said the quest t Sy riaa fami in Port
ion of whether Mr. Talamas hadth Syrian mi inPt
Snationali of whether Mr. Talamas hadt au Prince, threw the public into a
wad establse dso the s roses n ad further state of consternation, fol-
-Ws established, the somkesman.ad- lowing the killing of four soldiers
de, that Mr. Talamas' grandfather at the Kenscoff outpost only twenty
a naturalized Haitian born mn four hours earlier.
In other developments, with the According to an official announ-
t, TOfew hour now extended to 11 P. cement by the Council of Military
'A amid indications that it may be Government, Mr. Talamas, 29, died
lfted entirely next week, this cri- enroute from Police Headquarters
d -*weary republic appears ready to to the prison from a heart attack.
"tMpt philosophically the choice of
"ilr-,DuvalJer. as President Mr. Talamas had been arrested
.".Most Haitians feel that, with his and questioned by Army interrogat
ifguration. Dr. Duvalier will ful- ors earlier in tHe day on the disco-
jM his public promise of recomnmen .-ry of firearms and ammunition
.. dig that nast grievances be forgott 3t his home, and. his movements on
and opportunity be given every- he previous ight.
.01 of ahilitv to oartirinate in the
SJob of rehabilitation. This is taken A protest by the United States i
to. T mean that there will he a gen- Embassy followed the announce-
e nsl politica] amnesty. which woni merent of the death of Mr. Talamas
nring out scores of Dejoie support- the note claimed that his death
ers who are either in jail or in hid- had been the result of a severe
ja. '-- beating by his interrogators.
i Sunday October 6th 1957 No. 2 |
tually been wiped out, Where
it once affected 80 percent of
the rural population ;now only
5-10 percent are affected. He
has treated more ,than one mil-
lion cases of yaws and has
written 'booklets on it, Malaria
is still high, up to 45 percent
in some areas and this fight be
pledges to continue as presi-
dent. He has not practised me-
dicine since 'December, 1954
when he went into hiding from
the Mlagloire regime. He feels
his greatest contribution has
been the fight against yaws,
devising new methods.
He studied -at the University,
of Michigan in 1944-5 under a
,qevenmanent sohol:arahp, -He i,
nri a r.r ie d. D u v a l i e r,
known as 'doc* to almost ev-
eryone, says he is above social
prejudices exist there can be
prejudices evist there can .be
no spiritual and material pro-
gress. He has four children,
Marie-Denise 15, Nicole 14, Si-
mone 12 and Jean Claude 6.
His hobbies are reading and
medicine. He is of the Roman
Catholic faith. He holds mem-
berships in many medical so-
cieties and soiological in such
countries as the U.S., Britian,
Mexico, France, ,Cuba.
A strong supporter of Du-
marsais Estime, president of
A new portrait of Presiden
AN 1PPEAL to everyone to
forget offences orgrieiances of
the past and to work together
in national unity, will be-one
of the his first recommend
tions, Dr. Francois Duvalier
told representatives of the Fo-
reign Press at a Press Confer-
ence this week.
aNyV first act will be to call
everyone to unity in the inter-
ests of the Fatherland,)) Dr.
Duvalier said. d will not be
president of a group, or party,
but of all Haiti.)
The conference was held at
the home of Madame Dumar-
sais Estim6 and was attended
Haiti 1946-50, he was minster by representatives of major
of public heath and labor in newspapers and news agencies
(Continued on page 4) of the United States.
rH OF SHIBLEY TALAMAS
An American citizen, Shibley Ta- to Miss Frances Wilipula of Ashta-
lamas, son of business tycoon An- bula, Ohio, young Talamas was a
nine Talamas who settled in Haiti gay blade about town and popular
in 1915, managed the family-owi--*d figure in local cafe society.
underwear factory .Bonneterfe He will probably be best remem-
Nationale-. Born in Haiti, he went bered as the corpulent -King Car-
to s c h o o l at the University nival, of 1953 vhen in flowing red
of Texas and the Military Academy velveb, robes he commanded a float,
Chathamn in Virginia. incaranating Bacchus and his court
of gluttonous, wine-drinking pag-
Until his marriage two years ago arns. (Continued on page 2)
it-elect Dr. Frangois Duvalier
laxed, was accompanied by re-.
presentatives -of- his "polbfical
bureau. As the newspapermen
asked him the traditional open
ing question ((To what biggest
single factor do you attribute
your victory?)) the President-
'eect smiled and replied: ((The
(Continued on page 14)
RETURN OF KLM
IS HAILED HERE
The return to Haiti of the Royal
Netherlands Aviation (KLM) serv-
ice schedule is being marked this
afternoon when a large public is ex-
* pected to respond to Manager A. L.
I J. de Breed' invitation to cocktails.
The crew and passengers of the
r big KLM plane, will, sip cocktails
Sand munch delicacies with friends
and personnel of the Company off-
ice here as well as with Dirlectors
of the dailies and periodicals of the
Haitian Press, at the Bar of the ae-
rodrome at Chancerelles.
This will formally inaugurate the
service between Port au Prince and
various ports of the Caribbean, run
ning Sundays, Tuesdays. Thursday
KLM's Northbound planes will
touch Kingston. Port au Prince, Ha-
vana and Miami, while the South-
bound covers Port au Prince, Ciu-
dad Trujillo, Aruba, Curacao and
Caracas. At Caracas connections
may be made. for travel to Europe.
News of the restoration of the
schedule which boosts Haiti's tour-
ism. was warmly received in local
150 MEMBERS OF uTEAMSTER- circles here.
UINIONARE COMING .Two Foreigner
ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY delegates of the American Expelled by Govt.
Teamster Union are expected here Tuesday, for a 2-day visit, Last week the Junta order-
following the closing of their Congress in Florida. ed the expulsion of two for-
The delegation which is be- flight No. 431-C will bring 62 eigners as undesirable, be-
ing flown on a special Pan A, passengers. During the same cause of unspecified subvers-
merican chartered plane from afternoon an additional 36 will ive activity. Rene Kensvil a
Miami to Port au Prince in I arrive, and the remainder will Dutchman-and Nasr Halloun a
three contingents. The noonJ (Continued on page 2), (Continued on jpage 16)
2 HAIT- SUN
SUNDAY 6th OCTOBER 1957 ;
(Continued from page ,1)
balcony of ze Grand Hotel 01.
Reporter: Very interesting,
Mr. Coster, but I was thinking
more of the political situation,
rather than the scenic. How
are politics in Haiti?
Coster: Ve have no politics
in Haiti. Everyzing peaceful,
alvays. Tell ze tourists. zere
,", i few rooms left at the 01-
:.eporter: I have read stor-
ies of gunfire in the streets.
Coster: Lies, all lies put out
by ze tourist commissions of
Jamaica, Puerto Rico and ze
Dominican Republic. Zey all
afraid of ze competition of ze
Reporter: You rnean there
has been no shooting?
Coster: At ze Oloffson I do
not permit it. House rule. Tell
ze tourists zat.
Reporter: Back in May there
were stories of mobs taking ov-
er the town.
Coster: At ze Oloffson we
have no mobs. Verry distin-
guished and cultural people,
.except yen Mr. Paul Kennedy
sing. Tell ze tourists zat.
Reporter: I shall -certainly
mention it to both the travel
and music editors of my paper.
But let us return to today's po-
litics. It has been said that
Haiti is a 'hotbed of political
Coster: Hot bed, cold bed, i
vatever you 'like, zere are no
beds in ze Caribbean more corn I
fortable zan zose of ze Grand
&%I Ol.Ooffson. Still a few va-
catcies for the coming tourist
season, tell your readers.
Reporter: Very interesting
politics. Now tell me about
these merchants' strikes, with
all the shops closed down -
what. harm do they do to the
country's economy ,and the
tourist trade in particular?
Coster: No 'arm vatever if
you stay at ze Oloffson. Ve
'ave everyzing sviming pool,
visky ,soap, toilet paper and
TRAGIC DEATH OF
SShibley Talamas tipped the
scales at over 350 well-muscled
pounds distributed up through
More than six feet. In Haiti
' they called him the .Colossep.
Mr. Talamas met his death
shortly after his wife had giv-
en birth to their first child, a
daughter, at the Canape Vert
Authorities said that Tala-
mas had .
grappled with him trying to
reach a machine-gun during
In order to subdue him, the
Officer had to snap handcuffs
on Talamas, and that iis when
he suffered a 'heart attack from
which be died.
This statement was made by
Colonel Louis Roumain, Offi-
cer in loharge of the Depart-
ment of Foreign Relations ,in
reply to inquiries by the U.S.
nEmbassy here which immedia-
tely lodged a formal protest.
An autopsy performed 'by
Doctor Claude Lafontant rev-
ealed marks and bruises about
the body caused by blows on
the chest, abdomen, thighs and
legs. The Haitian expert in fo-
rensic medicine pronounced
the cause of death as heart fail
ure, and stated he had found
an old heart, lesion during the
autopsy. He further stated that
there were no internal injuries
from page ,1)
and that the fact that the dead
man was very fat accounted
ior this. He was emphatic that
the blows Talamas had receiv-
ed were not the direct cause of
A spokesman for the Police
admitted that Talamas had be-
en struck by two or three en-
listed men, in a struggle which
ended with his being hand-cuf-
Upon receiving word of the
death of Mr. Talamas, U.S.
Ambassador Gerald Drew rush
ed immediately to protest to
General Antonio Kebreau, the
Unable to find the General
either the Barracks or at his
home, the Ambassador left his I
On Wednesday Ambassador
Drew and General Kebreau
discussed the incident in a close
Meanwhile ,a second autop-
sy was performed by American
doctor. His findings were re-
ported to be in opposition to
those of the Haitian specialist,
but the results were not made
The unfortunate coincidence
of the ambush and killing of
the four soldiers at Kenscoff
and the appearance of Shibley
Talamas at 2:30 AM. on Sun-
dan at Petion-Vi'lle in search
of a curfew pass to get a doct-
150 MEMBERS OF U.S. ,TEAMSTERS
UNION) TO VACATION AT RIVIERA
(Continued from page 1)
be put dawn at the aerodrome
of Chancerelles by the PAA
special flight No. 431-A.
They National Tourist Off-
ice and Mr. Andersen of South
ern Tours will be on hand to
The Teamsters tour is being
conducted by M. A. C. El
worthy, and preparations for
the trip were made by the Mia
conjointly with Haitis Souther
A cocktail party in honor of
the visitors has been organized
by the National Tourist Bu-
reau here,' as well as- an excur-
sion to Boujilliers. Kenscoff
The delegates will also be
honored with a special perfor-
mance of the National Folklor-
ic Troupe at the Theatre de
Reporter: Then you regard irm 'F<
try is being run by an Army NEWS IN BREF
Ljunta instead of a civilian ad- THE NATIONAL TOURIST OFFICE'S CONTEST closed on
"mmhistration and that the los- Saturday October 5th and the public is awaiting the choice of
ing candidate. at the recent the judges who will select a Graphic,Motive to serve as the em-
presidential elections is in hid- blem of the International Union of Official Tourism Organisms,
ing? from the subjects submitted by ;the contestants here. A prize
Coster: 'E is not 'iding at ze of $30.00 will be awarded for each of the three subjects printed,
Oloffson. All our accommodation and the motives will be forwarded to the central organization...
is available for tourists. Tell HOTEL MONTANA's tennis courts have just been completed...
zern zat... THE MIAMI HERALD with an eye on keeping tourists on
Reporter: Thank you, Mr. 'heir own (gold coast) want out to kill Haiti off as a country
Coster, it has certainly been for tourists- this past week it's headlines screamed to a tune
interesting getting an impar- that made Little Rock look like a Garden of Eden, and setting
tial, uncolored viewpoint of Haiti up as the Hades of the Caribbean...
the complex situation in the
country today. Excuse me menAGE SEEDLINGS
tioning it, but I notice someTOMATO AND CAR GE SEEDLINGS
excavation work going on in BUY NOW
Your patio. JUST PASS BY AU JARDYN TROPICAL))
Coster: Ze country 'as never THE BEST HAITI PLANTS. SEEDS
been more peaceful. I'm digg- AND INSECTICNDE STORES '
ing for ze Oloffson ze sfest In Front of Franck Wilson
bomb shelter in ze Caribbean. ho'.ises after the Eniscopslian Hal-ldicnlned Children's School
Only ze Oloffson offer 7iS spe- GIVE YOURt ORDERS AND COM TE PACK NTXT DAY TO GET
cial service. Tell ze tourists YOUR ALRFADV GrGOWN TOMATO AND CABBAGE SEEDLINGS
zat. IN ORDERS OF 12, 100 or 1,000 AS YOU WISH
or for his wife's confinement
was a tragic and controversial.
prelude to the week.
Four soldiers were shot dea'
at 11:00 P.M. at the Kenscofi
outpost that Saturday night,
up the mountain road from Pe
According to a Corporal who
was the only survivor, the kill-
ers had said they wanted a pass
to go to Port au Prince because
a woman was in child birth.
Mr. Talamas was reported to
have gotten into an argument
with the Petion-Ville Police,
and was detained there until
10:45 A.M. on a charge of vio-
lating the 10:00 P.M. Curfew
that had been imposed follow-
ing the merchants' strike.
Meanwhile, Port au Prince
authorities had received a tip
that there were firearms in Mr
Talamas' house in Pacot. In a
search, they reported finding a
quantity of ammunition, a Lu-
ger pistol, a hunting rifle, a M-
1 Bayonet, ammunition for a
high powered Austrian a-iflei
which the Army said they had
taken from Shibley on May 25
and 9mm cartridges similar to
THE CASINO INTERNATIONAL D'HAITI
Advises Its Aimlable Clientele
That It Will Work
From 4:00 P.M. To Curfew
Every Beginning Evening
Saturday October 5th
Until Further Notice.
Port-au-Prince, October 3, 1957
FRENCH RESTAURANT HOTEL,
ESTABLISHED LOCAL CLIENTELE,
j EXCELLENT LOCATION
[)WNER LEAVING COUNTRY
QUICK ACTION DESIRED
NO REASONABLE OFFER REFUSED
WPPLY HAITI SUN Telephone 2061
Or Write: P. 0. Box 433
those found in the bpdies oij
,he murdered soldiers.
Mr. Talamas whom Yow
reporter noted was among thl4
last to leave the cRendez.'
Vous night club with his wife
)n Saturday night, around 9:3k4
P.M. is reported to have visit
ed the Hopital Canape Vert a
around 11:00 o'clock Sunda4
morning a few minutes aftei'
his daughter had been born.
Mr. Talanas then went'to U.
S. Ambassador Drew's home
afterhe heardthe Policewei'
searching for him.
Sunday afternoon when Am.
erioan Vice-Consul Jay LOng
and the new Consul Thomas'
Davies had received the prow.
ise of the Police Adjutant oi
duty that Shibley Talamnias
woudd not be mistreated, he
was handed over into Police
Besides his wodow and new.
born daughter, Mr. Talamas is
survived by his parents, Mr.
and Mrs. Antoine Talamas,
wVho at present are reported
travelling in Europe, and by
four' brothers, William, Mous-
sa and George of Port au Prin
ce, and Andre, of Brockton,
SUNDAY 6th OCTOBER 1957
EB 95 ELE TIO N attempt in nine months to hold whole affair on the basis of mi-
T H1 e9 ELEC IO Blections. i litary operations;,. in which the 1
A quiet mannered, sofl-spo- ling date to boycott the elections'1 Two Freious attempts had Artmy's role was to preserve or- i
ken Doctor, was upon unofficial I on the ground that they were ina, n up in a wave of disorders, der and the actual elections
returns this week slated to he being fraudently conducted. Not I charges a n d counter charges Iiere to be conducted by civi-
Haiti's President all of Mr. Jumelle's followers v.'hicli had toppled five provi- lians nominated by ballot by
Unofficial returns gave Dr. followed this injunction, hone- -ional regime-A until on June the various candidates to the
Francois Duvalier 679.884 votes ver and the record showed 9,980 16dli. a .1 iian Military Junta Congres. as well as to the Pre-
against 266.992 votes for Agro- votes cast in support of this car- took over the administration sidency.
nomist Louis Dejoie, in what didate. mand began arrangements for a It was the first time a Presi-
developped to be a straight fight Polling Day broke in a typi- tnfird attempt, dent and Congress were being
between the two Candidates; in cal, sunny Haitian Sunday mor- The Junta threw out the con- elected in Haiti on the basis of
which nearly a million voters ning, but the atmosphere was t iroversial inscription s y s t.e m universal suffrage. Several wo-
wore recorded as ha-ing cast charged not only because of the % hicb had sparked past contro- men were candidates for the
their ballots. historicaJ importance of the day vcr-ies, put a tight control on Congress, but on the unofficial
itself but of the rumourrs and inf'.lamniatoriy propaganda whe- showings at the end of this week
Mr. Clement Juimeile, lawyer, manoeuvers which the previous iler in the press or on the ra- none of them had succeeded, al-
called on his followers two days week had brought and the fact dio. restricted the hours of po- though on the basis of the total
before'the September 22nd. pol- .that it was the country's third ;iiial meeting- and planned the returns it was obvious that there
*-** -g ihas been a heavy vote by women
who outnumber men among the
-throughout the Caribbean
and to Central and South America
With 4 flights weekly, KLM links he Caribba e w NormT'
South, and Central America. Experienced ftivm wv Chooas
the airline which is first with incomparaib Du i oeDpi.'
tality and service. . .
Also, via Curacao, KLM offers dhm, ofi flight pas week
to Europe. All first class flight to Srmop feature 8i,,epAi,
accommodations and superb 7-oaxe hampne- diunmui
ElectioA day itself was quiet
but highly colorful in its proce-
dure. Voting bureau were lod-
ged in every kind of shelter,
from thatched-roofed huts to
entrances to the football sta-
diumi in Port-au-Prince and the
basement of the Capital's City
Hall; from a free-meal canteen
in dock-side La Saline to an am-
p1hitheater and thlie cemetery
Election day disturbances ap-
peared to be few. One man was
killed in J.acmel while trying to
attack a guard. Four Dejoiests
wore arrested in Port-au-Prince,
altempling to buy votes. One
man leftL his Voting Bmureau, af-
ter cutting two voters with the
scissors provided f o r paring
In many bureaux, partisans of
one candidate tried to snatch
ready prepared ballots fr6m vyo-
ters, giving them ones for their
In many spots, especially in
La Saline, the Police 'picked up
potential troublemakers, drove
them out of the area and left
At the end of the day the
Army felt the country had come
'through -",just fine.
AJll during ,the wee hour-s, of
the morning of September 22nd
Haitian peasants and rity folk
streamed towards the more thad
1.400 voting ,bureaiLx throughout
[ie country 'to cast 'their ballot'.
As dawn hrokce.long lines hliad
already formed before many) of
the poll's 'at 6:00 a.m. when a
siren in the Capital City of Port-
au-Prince signalled the begin-
ning of voting, most Ibtureaux
By 9:00 o'clock, three bu-
reaux in one town had reached
their quota of 1.500 voters as
prescribed b)y. the Electoral De-
END OF POlL
Until 6:00 P. M. when a se-
cond siroi officially ended the
voting, throughout the country.
with few exceptions, a quiet ar-
nry-controlled order prevailed.
Haiti's third attempt in nine
months at Presidential Elections
has been concluded peacefully.
and by Tues0ay-. unofficial re-
turns showed that Dr. Francois
Duvalier was way out in front
of his opponent, although in
Port-au-Prince. Mr. Dejoie held
a more than slight lead.
According to the Electoral De-
cree, the new President will not
b eoficially known until Octo-
her 6th. when a Centmral Bureau
ch'eks the voting returns from
all over the country.
In most of the L'nes of voters
early on the morning of Sep-
tember 22nd., there was an or-
derly calm. When a voter rea-
ched the table, a number was
recorded for him in the registry
by oqe of 'the six officials- of the
voting bureau seated at the ta-
previous Tuecday, the
of the-e six had been
"from a hat-, from many
submitted hy the three
candidates to the Presidency as
well as tlie candidates to Con-
Next, the voter gave his or
her ballot to another. 'member
who dropped it in a locked tin
box about i'10 x 10 x 18 the
traditional -urn-. There, were
no official ballots, but blank
slips were provided in the event
any voter wanted to write or
have written thle names of the
candidates of his choice. By and
large, however, each voter came
with an already printed ballot
provided by the political bu-
reaux of the candidates.
This they brought already fol- ,
ded. Having deposited the ballot
in thc "utrn, the voter then pau-
sed while another member of
the voting bureau clipped the
nail of the little finger of one
hand and (yet another member
of thle bureau -saw to.it that the
I amen finger was dipped in a
bowl 'of red, indelible ink..
Long hobefore mid-day, in many
Ibureaux. tlho talleis and floors
were liberally bespotted with
red ink and fingernail clippings.
At somnie bureau, women vo-
ter-, had to su-re'nder their hand
bags before entering the booth
.ad many' men were pattedev
for concealed arms.
Polls stopped receiving voters
as soon as they met their 1500
quota and closed entirely at 6
p. m. when another,.siron blast
sounded in Port-au-Prince.
Thle couniing' began inimedia-
tely, some bhureaux finishing
i hat night, others going on un-
til early next morning. As soon'
as the count was finished, four
copied 9f the results were made,
one to be nailed on 'thp door
of the booth, and three- o be
sent to the Department of the
Interior, and the Central Coun-
ting Bureau. And 'then the bal-
lot- were burned on the spot,.
and the voting bureau disman-
tled. Only remaining evidence
hieing drippings of red ink.
According to the present sche-
dule, the members of Congress
and the President having been
officially announced by October
6th., Congress will meet shortly
after and instal the President -
expected to be on October 15th
and their first job will be
within two months -to devise a'
Constitution replacing the Go-
naives Constitution of 1950 un-
der which the new President
will take the oath of office.
( HAITI SUN "
4 HAITI SUN )
IAM NEITHER THE BLUE
NOR THE RED
(Continued .from page One)
his -cabinet in 1949-50. But
when Magloire was elected in
1950 in an election which had
only candidate, Duvalier was
the first. to oppose him, refus-
ing all collaboration with him
although 'he was invited. He
took p o s i t i v e opposition
through the young intellectuals
tHE BEER ITHA .1AD SILWA'RlE FAMWU'
JOS. SCHLITZ BREWING Co.,
BROOZLYN N'. .
LOS ANGELES CALIF.
Rue Bonne Foi
and went in hiding for two
Sears. No one will tell any de-
tails, but 'Magloire had orders
to get him-n dead or alive. He
emerged in September, 1956,
having organized- an .. jer-
ground movement, coming out
at a time of general amnesty.
He accepted the Electoral
Decree issued by the Military
Council Aughst 28. ,He has
earnestly .campaign throughout
the country, appealing to the
masses and middle-class, with
pledges of an honest govern-
ment. He feels the county, has
enough resources that honesty
is enough to organize coopera-
tives and an agricultural pro-
gram. It feels it .necessary 'to
raise the literacy rate so as to
prepare the masses for demo-
eracy and when his plan goes
into operation the whole coun-
try will find a new confidence
for study and joy. He hopes to
buildl a university city and he
wants, the University of Haiti
to be self-governing instead of
as at present under control of
Dr, Duvalier has a great
scientific, sociological interest
in voodoo as part of country's
folklore. He wants to both de-
velop it and to rid the people
of their 'superstitions. He ',has
written a-book oThe Gradual
Evolution of Voodoo.>, 1944.
,;AH countries have their folk-
lore which is part of the pater-
nal inheritance of the country.
His interest is like Grieg's in
developing Norway's folklore
as a" .basis for the countries
poets, artists, etc. to draw- on.
richness in view of the nation-
al literature, as a facet of the
national life, just like the
church. This does mean it
should receive the same status
as the church but part of the
life. There is the vulgar side
Junta Nips Strike
SMove Closed Stores
The Military Junta claimed
on Thursday 'that it had nipped
an attempt by a small group of
businessmen to start a general
strike to upset the results of last
T w e n t y one establishments,
comprising about five per cent
of the commercial section of
Port-au-Prince, failed to op4n
their doors on time on Thurs-
day morning. They were either
opened or forcibly sealed in to-
ken of seizure by the Police on
orders of the Bureau of Contri-
butions which is empowered to
take this action under last Ju-
ne's/ decree outlawing political
-trikes, and lockouts.
Several owners of premises
concerned in the closures were
arrested 'and later released after
they had appeared before the
in view of the fact 'that Sep-
tember 26 to Oct. 5 is the pe-
riod of ,the Jewish observation
of Rosh Hefshanah li New Year)
and Yom Kippur (Day of Ato-
nement)' permission to remain
closed was given the establish-
ments of Charles Bigio, Ver-
saille, A Bo-n Conte. Textile Im-
port, Import Inc., and Mme. J.
Ades. None of these establish-
ments were disturbed during
A Junta spokesman alleged
that the closure of the other bu-
seneses. was an -attempt by sup-
portens of 'Mr. Louis Dejoie to
infitiae -a general strike against
the unofficial victory, at the
polls of Dr. Francois Duvalier.
The previous Tuesday, Mr.
Dejoie had told foreign corres-
pondents 'that he would .appeal
to the official canva.sin'g tribu-
nal Oct. 6 and then to the newly
elected Congress, charging that
elections has been rigged against
A'skedi at that time about a
possible strike. Mr. Dejoie hadl
;aid: "That is north my idea, but
at the moment. I nolon-,e.r con-
trol my supporters because I am
to all religions ..* He has tra-I At thle time of the strike at-
'velecl .throughout whole coun- I tempt on Thursday. Mr. Dejoie
try and thus Date for the presidency to iome and political htadquar.
take the peasant out of hissu- ters, both of which were being'
perstition and dirt.:> i guarded by soldiers, whose lieu-
tenant .said they had been sent
The doctor is a kindly, 'look- only for Mr. Dejoic's protection.
in man, with closely-cropped ,SCHOOL ON THE ROAD-,
gre.ying hair, o fshort stature, AST
soldily built.'.He has a typical
bedside manner of the doctor, The Mid-Western Chapter of
speaking softly, and although ASTA wa's represented by a
he speaks English, he talks official- 'large group of delegates who
ly in French. He speaks sparse ai t Saturday on a
ly thinking before each ans- S troa
Ipiart of a -Schcol-on-the-Roadv
wer. He is astute and wise. He pr o a 'S h t -on-th o
Tour. It" i's their second visit to'
lives in a very modest home. Haiti.
------------------lil The gr oup of 28 members are
tourin_, the Caribbean countries
to see firt-hand the product
they intend to sell their travel-
ling lientledle, and to be able to
furnish better and more detai-
led information as to the facili- i
ties and conditions offered by I
t h e tourist industry in each
\ while here tlhe ASTA inem-
l):,, were lodged at Hotels El
Rancho. Ilbo Lele. Choucounc,
Cae.leUiaiti, Riviera and Monta-
Arrangements for tie sejourn
of the visitors were handled by
the National Tourist Office.
* The delegates totd new.smnen
that they had had a most inte.
resting \visit, the one fly in the
ointment 'being the 8 o'clock
curfew wIhich cut short their
The Cunard Liner S. S. ',Ca-
ronia- was touched by tragedy
last Sunday, several hours be-
fore it was due to doc in Port-
au-Prince, when one or her crew
jmunpodpvcr board. There were
663 tourists aboard the vessel.
Thomas Watson. a 48 year
old diningroom steward jumped
t6 his dca.lth in the ocean from
thlie promenade deck while pas-
sengers were dining. He is said
to have left a suicide note.
The ,Caronia,, lowed down
and began a search for the crew
member, and with a passing
freighter who participated in
the efforts .finally gave up after
Although the contents of Wat-
SUNDAY 6th OCTOBER 1957
OUVROIR NATIONAL FIRE:
QUICKLY PUT OUT
Firemen quickly suppressed
the fire which started at the
Outiv-roir National, in the Exposi...i
tion City on Friday afternoon,I
thereby avoiding serious dal
magic eto the tourist-attracting
bazar run by the Department'
of National Economy.
The fire was caused when em.
ployees neglected to disconnect
an electric iron they had been
using, when time canice to close
Ihe shop for the noon hour.
The alarm was put through it
1 p. m., and firemen rushed to
the scene and with the aid of
their hoses succeeded in putting
ouit the fire.
Several piece-3 of lingey, were
bIurned, but the important stock
I of embroidered dresses and oh.
jets of art were saved.
DIRECTOR AND WIFE
ON FIRST TRIP HERE
Mr. Jean Ed. Friederich, Di-
rector of the important Swiss
manufacturers of Girard-Perre-
gaux watches, arrived here Sun-
day afternoon. He was accompa-
nied by Mrs. Friederioh.
The couple are touring the
Carribean and expressoed their
pleasure on being able to visit
Haiti for the first time.
M1r. Victor Mansour is the lo-
cal distributor of the Girard-
PerregaLX Swiss watches, a com-
pany founded since 1791.
sons I e ter were not made
known by ,the ship's officials, it other ships. He was a former
was reported that the World I member of the Royal Navy. He
Var II veteran had made sere- apparently was mentally distur.
ral previotif'attempts to commit blied after his'ship was torpedoed
sisuicide while on duty aboard luring the last war.
On and off-the-road work
Buy new B.F.Goodrich-
All-Purpose Trutk Tires
Longer wear on the pavements.-
thanks to a tread that's up to 67%
Greater traction on unimproved
roads or no roads at all thanks
to curved cleats with "buttons"
that defy slippage!
It's the great newv B. F. Goodrich
All-Purpose tire, designed to do a
double job on your truck.
Most tires are built with breakers
only above the plies, under the
tread (1-BFG nylon shock
&hield -. AU-Puaryone ureq have ad-
'iiifonl bfeakeer3 between the bet.
aom plies (2). Result: increased
bruise resistance, longer tire lifel
.r ..... -, 7 ", "
William NARR Poi
BOUCARD & CO.
M. DESQUIRON SCCR
SUNDAY Gtb OCTOBER 1957 HAITI SUNz~
THE HAITIAN ENGLISH LANGUAGE NEWSPAPER
Community Weekly Published Sunday Morning
EDITOR PUBLISHER BERNARD DIEDERICH
GERANT-RESPONSABLE PAUL E. NAJAC
Editorial Comment In U.S. Press
On Haiti's Elections
The results of the Haitian election for President are not yet
official, but it seems clear enough that Dr. Francois Duvalier
is going to be declared the victor. Whatever some Haitians may
feel about the election, it is to be hoped that the whole country
will now accept the verdict and settle down to a desperately
needed period of civic peace.
Under the best of circumstances an election in Haiti cannot
duplicate conditions in established aad stable democracies like
the United States, Britain or France. This was Haiti's first elec-
tion under universal suffrage. Illiteracy at about 90 percent is
as high as anywhere in the world. The people have always vot-
ed for personalities, not parties or political philosophies. The
small palace guard, which represents the equivalent of a Haiti-
an Army, has in recent years dominated the country, or held
effective power behind the scenes.
The events of the past ten months since President Paul Ma.
gloire was ousted made a fundamentally difficult problem almost
impossible. Personal rivalries, mob violence, a succession of
general strikes ending with a censorship and the equivalent of
martial law, had created a situation where an election that was
halfway fair would be as much as could be expected. The elect-
ion did take place peacefully and it can be considered a popular
What seems to have saved the day was the desire of a great
majority of the Haitian people to have elections and a wear-
iness with a long period of strife -and squabbling. There is ob-
viously a collective feeling that the chaos of recent months with
its disastrous effect on the already poor economy must end.
Brig. Gen. Antonio Kebreau, head of the military junta and
a temporary dictator in the last three months, appears to have
done his best to hold fair elections. Dr. Duvalier is as popular
and as qualified as any candidate who came forward. Haitians
would be wise now to rally behind him and work to bring
tranquillity and prosperity to their country.
(cNew York Times)
HA'ITI'S ECONOMY STRIFE THREATENED
FRIENDS OF HAITI in this country -and they are legion.-
hope the internal strife that has ridden the lovely little Negro
republic for months may quickly end. The .prospect is dim I
The country has been under a rule of a military junta for
months. Sunday a presidential election was held.
Dr. Francois Duvalier was apparently elected by a substant-
Partisans of defeated candidates, former Sen. Louis Dejoie
and Clement Jumelle. attempted to set up a general strike.
Soldiers, police and civilians bashed in doors of closed bus-
iness houses in Port au Prince.
The enforced calm may be a prelude to an eruption of viol-
ence when the result of the election will be officially announc-
ed on October 6.
The fires of internal political passions and violence are harc
to quell. The longer Haiti remains disturbed, the longer it will
be before its people can live together in harmony and unity.
Its going to be a heavy task for the country to pick up the
pieces of its national economy which has been seriously shatt-
ered by prolonged internal unrest.
A QUIET DAY IN HAITI
Whatever else may finally come to light about Haiti's elect-A
ions on Sunday, they were comparatively quiet. This does not
mean that the day was like an upcountry New England Sab-
bath, for one death was reported and half a dozen arrests..But
many Haitians, who had lived through months of turmoil, un-
?ertainty and repression since President Paul Magloire was
forced out last December, must have breathed more easily as
the sun went down.
Haiti has been ruled, during a space of less than.a year. by
one elected President, Magloire himself, who exceeded his leg-
al term; by a Provisional President, Joseph Nemours Pierre-
Louis, head of the Supreme Court; by the Army Chief of Staff,
Gen. Leon Cantave; by another Provisional President, Franck
Sylvain, who seems to have taken office when General Cantave
wasn't looking: by an Executive Council, which forced M. Syl-
vain out after a few weeks; and by Provisional President Da- :
niel Fignol6. who lasted less than three weeks before a three-
man junta headed by Gen. Antonio Kebreau relieved him of
his responsibilities. Riots, general strikes and some shooting,'
punctuated these chantees. But on Sunday it seemed quiet.
Only two out of half a dozen or more candidates figured in ,I
the final election: Dr. Francois Duvalier and Louis Dejoie. A ound Jacminel. Dr. Verries was
third candidate, Clement Jumelle, withdrew on the ground that most kind ,as was Dr. Celestin.
the game was rigged in favor of Dr. Duvalier. This was the first
election under universal franchise in Haiti's modern history.
It will be some days before the ballots, most of them cast by
voters who cannot read, have been even unoficially counted.
So Haiti's crisis is not yet finished. Her friends will hope,
however, that those in control will make an honest count, and
that the period of rule by juntas ,riots, strikes and censorships
is done with Haiti needs our economic aid, as well as private
investments, but her credit must depend on an honest, orderly
and democratic regime. ((New York Tinies)
September 24, 1957
Congratulation on your eight
anniversary! You have certainly
done a tremendous job in using
your paper to increase tourism
to Haiti. I know that a great
number of visitors to your is-
land have been just as aware of
this as I. You should be very
proud of the part you have
played in the tremendous
' and TI this weekend and have
Been delighted with the peace-
ful election news. so far. I ea-
gerly await the news and hope
that the candidates are elected
whiom you think best for the
Best personal regards,
Delta Sales Representative
2 Park Avenue
Ne" York 16, N.Y.
September 30, 1957.
Dear Mr. Diedrich:
May I thank you for your
great kindness in referring me
growth of tourism in Haiti. to Mr. Lelio Faublas of the U
:NECO local office there. Mr.
I especially enjoyed your edi- Faublas was wonderful in help
trial about your anniversary. I i mng me to see the work that
I/inte been constantly near radio the Unesco has been doing ar-
-& &,-R&. U.
;SUNDAY 6th OCTOBER 1957
a HAITI -SUN))
the doctor currently at Mar-
Unfortunately it had rained
too much, in Dr. Verrier's opi-
nion, to get into Marbial. But
I was able to see Lafond, and
Dr. Celestin was very informant
Next time, I shall come to
Haiti when it .s not raining,
and when people are not on
vacation ,and I shall be able to
speak French, not just to read
it a little.
Mr. Faublas work in funda-
mental eduaction in Creole is
very exciting, as is the work
in zomr4runity development be-
ing done in Haiti. I am looking
,forward to seeing some of their
results in print.
Again, thank you for your
kind assistance and please
thank all those courteous, kind
people of Haiti for their help.
(s) Ann Raney
For Nursing, Inc.
SUNDAY 6th OCTOBER 1957
( HAITI SUN D
cuckiieu: 'Luvauerti. I ny;
As a public health physician he
gave them injections against
yaws in 1942.
Three cars s-et off for JIri-emnic, .
Len mile, away. At the hamlet
of Laiicite. about 100 persons
were zatherbd along a dirt road
cher'rin, "Duvalier,. It wasn't
.Duvalicr. It was the foreign
p re ,s.
In town. hundreds of people
In town. litndreds of pr-ople
His Excellency. Mr. John
Franci.I Mar-,haill.-Liberian \m- I
ha-,-ador To Haiti. arriived at
Port-auii-Prince on Pan Amenipri-
.in Flight No. 217 on Monday
JUNTA FLIES NEWSMEN TO JEREMIE The diplomat was greeted at
TO MAKE THEIR KGALLUP hle ,aerodronime by Mr. Gerard
Nai, Introducer of Anibassa-
By Peter KIHSS. doors and Ministers at the De-
Jeremie, Sept. 25 Haiti's were pouring into the streets, pariment of Foreign Relations.
ruling military junta decided The head car of the press ca- Mr. Benjamin Freeman, III,
today that somdoforeign corres- ravan had two Duvalier pictures who has been the Liberian
pondents were being too skep- on the windshield. Jubilant e- Charge d'Affaire-s since the de-
tioal about certain election re- bony faces poked into the cars partulre last June of former Am-
suits here and as a result, the and shouted: -Duvalier! Duva- bassador Wilmot David. was
life of this small country town 1icr!'. also on hand to welcome the
suddenly halted for a hilarious A Saintange Bontemps intro- new Amubassadior.
fiesta this 'afternoon. duced himself.- He i5 a 32-year-
Once upon a time. Jeremie old lawyer and surveyor just e- GER.AN iCHARGE DAF-
,~~ ~ ~ F i .*I Alhr.E BACK FROnJM
was the home of the ancestors lected a- a Duvalier deputy. The FARES BCK FROM
of Alexandre Dumas. author of people, he -aw. had een the un- EUROPE
romantic French novels like scheduled plane come in and Ms. u. o i- expected to
,i i* i (IAffaires. of the Federal Repu-
"The Three Musketeers. jumped to the concluion -ofe Federal Rep .
u *.*. ii i n~l l bilhe of G-ermiany. i-, back from
Today it is ,a sleepy agri- Haiti's, celebrated telediol -lic of Germany. i back from
cultural community time has mor ,sy.temii- that big election his annual leave. a-riing by
passed by. It lies clustered a- new was eomidg. lane from Miani on Friday.
luterd new was a con aier~ g.og t1 "o1' etdt
round a market place in a je- I wa a Diisalierit strong- Mr. Wussow i- expected to
welod Caribbean setting 100 air hold for fair. Thousands of peo- return to Pot-au-Prince within
miles from Port-au-Prin.ce. pie were r-ushing to cram the the next three week.
In unofficial results from last market place and all the side Mr. Wussow has been initru-
Suinday" e'lection,'95 per cent of street.. Captain Andre Fareau, iertal in obtaining m nierou
the Joremie vote went for Fran- Minister of Justice. estimated scholarships for Haitian stu-
Duvaer, a physician who the crowd reached 10.000. de.nt'.sto pursue specialized cour-
ap aldue to be counted in as They were d a n c i ng. They 'e' in the Universities of Ham.
appears due to be counted in as,
ati's net President. He pal- were chanting aDuvailier camp burg and of Munich, during the
Haiti's nextl President. He pol- V
led 35,812 to 1.674 for planter- -. Du'alier stands strong". in past several years.
industriaitist Louis Dejoie whoCre. Drnm, got into action. PANAMA GROUPSPEND
,j 1 Lii i.A mman blew on a conch sihell. PAAM GRU SPEND,,,-
intends legally to challenge the A m blew on a conch shell DAYS HERE
0 .* 0 Nearly everybody in the *streets 3, DAY HERE.
results of the national election Nearly everybody in the streets Haiti'% tourism received an
~~~was barefoot, hu~t that did not ,.,
as rigged. was barefoot. bit that did not important hoi-st 'this past week
interfere with the *rhy-tinic stom- ,rr
The 1950 census reported the p ing r wth t e tct whcen a group of Pan-American
population above the age of can da fl c crp up Airline agents spent a three-day
agetofanddow7he hilly townrDe-
twenty-one as 31,758. joie, Dejoe! Dejoie foiled L dhree-davisit here. p i
This morning the junta headed Somebody ;tarted another ecsLa. Lodged at the capital's princi.
by Gn. Antonio Kebr eaue Someod started anothere.sta- pal liiLxury hotels, the visitor
by Gen Antoani Kehreau re- tic chant. And then eamean
wed a challenge to corre warcr against thle bourgeoi- W
dents to got out of Port-au. s: c -
sic: Te pare ca pOll yo --we
Prince where M. De.oie car-are ,all set for you!, E.-"'' '
nI'l ,all ,C~t for you!> "',~ -/''*S
ried 60 per cent of the vote Evtiu.aly the cavalcade e.s-
into 'the countryside. On sort caped from the teaming recep- '
notice, a group took off in a Lion. Bontemps told reporters :*'"' .6
Haitian Army plane and swoo.- te people wanted more aricul-
pod into the coastal airport here I rural program, road to market
I programs. roads-to market,
where a regidar plane shows utip ,rIoo. and hospital.
only on Tuesdays and Satur- he ca ravan got back to the
days. Airport. A grazing horse whin- -
Some wondering ragged far- ieirl. By then even that sounded ;
mers were queried. Whom had 'ik,' Du.ilier!..
they voted for? cDuvalier!b. I E LB IN M AS "
Strawhatted peasant w m en E LIBEIAN AIBAS-
,_.,_, _ . . cSA D O R A R R IV ES .
were given an opportunity of
seeing .the sights in and around
Port-au-Prince, and inspecting
die facilities and comforts which
ldie local tourist industry has to
They explored the souvenir
-hopi. and were piloted on tours
by tlhe National Tourist Office
Three convenient weekly flights to lake
you into the gay, romantic atmosphere
of the Pearl of the Antilles!
Only 90 minutes from Port-au-Prince
to Santiago de Cuba by CUBANA!
For information and reservations see your
Travel Agent or call Pan American World
Airways, Rue Oantes Oestouches, Phone 3451
DEPARTURES FROM PORT-AU-PRINCE:
Monday, Wednesdays, Fridays, at 1:25 p...
WTfr ONLY $ 5
fS ~$ ^AWm
1 -777 97, 7
L-- 777, 7 7
The Airline agents were in
large part from the States in the
North and Mid West sections of
thdie U. S.. with several from Van-
coiuver and Alberta in Canada.
Baussan In Madrid
Robert Bau:san, lbo Ledle's
Architect Owner. left last Sun-
day for New York enroute to
the ASTA meet in Madrid.
( HAITI SUN a 7
YOUTH TACKLES ILLITERACY PROBLEM HERE
continuedd from Aug. Ili li)ell of illiteracy common to
all. it is high time that we do
HFaitian youth is catching a
vision of making this country
literate in less than five years:
and to Bobby Brewster I the
young American negro soloist
and pianist who devoted three
weeks of his summer vacation
to this cause) goes no small part
of the credit.
At his two public concerts, as
well as in many of the churches
s-omIething about it. But where
shall we begin? That is the
We believe that faith is a pre-
r-cqui-ite. For just as faith in
the word of Jeaust inspired Mar-
Iha and her friends to take away
thle -tone from her brother La-
zarus.' tomb, so faith in the pos-
-iibililv of Haiti rising from the
tomb of her buried hopes will
ilspire IL- to take away the stone
from Petit Goave to Cap Hai- which still holds her captive -
lien. he challenged young and the stone of wide-spread illlite-
Mld to the fight against illiteracy racy.
with the watch-word tDemocra. But what is hindering the re-
'y through Literacy- and the moral of this stone? It may be
battle cry "Haiti: a Bible-rea- pJride. indifference. laziness, sel-
ding Nation by 1960!". fis.hn,-e. lack of faith insuffi-
He wa- hacked hv Haiti In- tcienl iinifornation, nr nnsihlv
land Mission, which has recen-
tly dedicated itself to a literacy I
crusade beginning with the chur
ches. Following is the essence of
their challenge ao given by Rev.
Mildred E. Norbeck, Gen. Sput.
of the Nlission:
If it is true land we believe
it is; that in Haiti the politician
the economist, the socialist, the
doctor, the educator, the theo-
logian. and the revivalist will
all end up going in vicious cir-
rles unless they tackle the pro-
And what I heard was thin: as one man against the evil of
Any nation which is even 8" illiteracy which ha, altoether
literate can become 100'; litc- too long been an i nsurmon-
rate within five years by the table obstacle to ahno-t ,ve-r
,each-one-teach-one me tI h o d. kind of progress in tli-s fair land
According to geometric progres- To A.rms! To .4rnms! Ye brave!
Qion. if each of thle 8'- literate Herein lies trite patriotism!
will. the firt year, teach one
other person, there will be in
'the second year 16% .literate, in
the third year 32%. in thie
fourth year 64l' and in the fifth
year 128"; the additional
28'" taking care of the usual
population increase. I (Teaching
the World to Road- by Dr. F.
IT HAS BEEN DONE!
This statement was proved to
he true in a small -state in India
where illiteracy was wiped out
all, of the.e puit together. As for in five years hr this method.
ine, during my first six ears in No one was paid to do the te a-
Haiti. it was simply ignorance-- thing. but a spirit of Christian
.just plain ignorance of what patriotism. inspired largely by
could be done if every body t he elite, made "learning-to-
would cooperate only a little. read,, the popular thing and
Not until 1952 did I hear the '1-teaching-to-reads 'the patriotic
.word- which inspired my faith tiling to do. Why! Even the
in the possibility of removing king and queen went out into
the stone in a comparatively Ilht'treets nd helpd sing songs!
-hort time. about learning to rend. in order
IT CAN BE DONE! to arouse public sentiment and
Let us make Haiti a modern entiu siasm!
Miracle! WE CAN DO IT!
Certainly, then, Haiti which a
F4&& Sa fi century and a half ago was able
to throw off the yoke of her
masterss by God'S help and her
.will to do it, cannot afford any
longer to bear the shame of
being 90c illiterate when an
.Indian state has shown what can
be done to wipe out iltiteracy
if there i' will to do it.
Therefore. 5s a friend and lo-
Ver of Haiti. I challenge you in
the name of the Lord to rise up
Best in Cap Haitien Hostellerie du,
tion-, which can be promoted
by getting -igners to the follo-
Pour l'animour de Chlrist et Pa-
viancement de m on pays, 'je
1,rends 'engagement d'appren-"
tire ai lire a une personnel an
inoin- chaque aunne jusqu'& ce
que Haiti devienne une nation
lettr6e. IFor Chri.t'. sake and
my country's, I promise to teach
A1 lea-t one person every year
tmti] Haiti becomes a literate
A-long with our football mat-
ches for physical development,
let us sponsor literacy mat-
j clir- for 'the mental and spiri-
tual development of our people.
A. tJie famous American negro,
George Waishington Carver, on-
ce -.aid. ,Begin where you are
, with what you have-.
SDetermine now to make your
Sunday School class, your youth
group. your church, your orga-
niration the first to become
50-, 75%, 100% literate as the
first step toward true national
freedom. aYe shall know the
truth shrill make y o n frees,
Young man, young woman,
you who have heard the voice
of the Lord saying. aWho shall
I send, and who wiil go for nus?,
Will you not answer as Bobby
Brewster has, -Here am I, Lord,
send me!? Let's make Haiti a
(For pledge cards write to
DEMOCRACY THRU LITE.
RACY. ox 994, Port-au-Prince).
-But. says tlie French classic
devotee. "AU this is very good
if you will teach the people to
read French-. AlIl right, let us
see what the scientists have to
-ay about this. In his hook, "Tea
ching 'the World to Read-. Dr.
Laubach declares that irt is a
&rious pedagogical error to try
to teach anyone to read a lan-
,iuage he does not know before
hlie has learned to read thie one
Therefore. if you arue a truly
patriotic Haitian who believes
that Haiti should become a'
French rather than a Creole-
spraking nation, you are moral-
ly houmnd to promote with a]
your God-given -powers any or-
ganization or movement which
,i- tihe teaching 6f Creole a.s
a means to that end.
.YOUNG MEN FOR WARB
But. for such an all-out war
aos i- required to wipe out illi-
teracy. both youmg and old are
needed. ,Old men for counsel:
young men for war". say-s the
proverb. For this reason we are'
challenging the youth of the na-
tion to take the initiative in en-
liting recruitst and mobilizing
.fighters," in even' church and
organization throughout t h e
land using, wherever possi-
ble, the -spirit of healthy com-
petition between groups hothi
within and between organiza-
Views of the Roi Christophes' tropical garden, attrac-
tive French provincial dining room, and modem pool.
Titostellerie du Roi Cfirstisopie
Cap Haitien, Haiti Cable: Christophel
Represented in U.S. by UTELLA Associates, Essex House, N.Y. 19, N.Y.
Chamber of Commerce Bldg. Miami, Fla.,55 E. Washington St. Chicago, III.
for your small child
Vaccination of other children
doesn't protect your child
Every member of your family
up to 40 years old should be
vaccinated against paralytic
American Mediccd Assocatian
American Academy Of Pediatrics
Of General Practice
THE NATIONAL FOUNDATION
The Salk Vaccine is safe
FOR INFANTILE PARALYSIS
301 East 42nd Street, New York,
17, N. Y.
Se Dr. Goldenberg
( HAITI SUN ))
flRT& CURif) HDP
u- uW Oua
Which has the best imports from all the corners of the world. You can save up to 60%
from U.S. prices with your duty free ,allowance of $200. over 48 hours and $500 over
12 days outside U.S.A. Fisher's will be a real shopper's paradise. Not only free port prices
but modest mark-up, because everything isconcentrated in one large building. Are your
biggest assets in buying at Fisher'.
', 0 0 ? ^ "\
Fisher's, the American's favArite shop where
all prices are clearly marked on every item.
Where a well-trained and courteous staff will
hlielp you to solve your shopping problems.
Where checks and foreign banknotes are accep
ted, and your purchases shipped. We will glad)
give you free information about U.S. customs re
gulations and shipping costs.
MAIN FLOOR OF FISHER'S SHOPPING CENTER
Guerlain Liberty of London Fabrics
Boulton and Prrin Gloves Ilawick
Scotland Cashmire Sweaters Lubin
Balmein Weil Knize Griffe Perfumes
Vapoleon Godet Louis De Salignac Cognacs
Vlarquis De Montesquleu Armagnac -- De Kuyper
Liqueurs Aalbor Aquavit Danish Porce-
lalns and Silver Spalding of England
THE BEST NAMES IN
Liqueurs Brandies -
Bing & Groendahl
Royal Vienna Augarten
Lalique and Bohemian Crys-
Marcel Frank Atomizers
N a t ive J.ewelry
Si-;il Shoes Bags
IortniseShel l .Jrwelr'
THBE WORLD FAMOUS EMBROIDERY FLOOi,
( (II'LETELY AIR CONDITIONED
THE MAHOGANY AND \.\AiIVE hIIANDICRAFTS FLOOR
Hlaitian Embroidered Dresses Blouses skirts
- men's shirts Cuban Guayabera Shirts -
Italian Silk Scarves Swiss Handkerchiefs -
Table Linens Beaded Bags Petit-point Bags
- Cashmire Sweaters Perrin Gl"*es Liber-
Manogany quality goods frowi our own workshops
Sisal and Straw goods -- Vodoo Drums Dolls Hats
records Books Filmn Place Mats
S((HAITI SUN 9
At Your Service
HAITI'S OLDEST MOST RELIABLE
WEST INDIES GARAGE
Services all makes of Cars and Trucks
Does all types of repair work
Automatic Transmissions Specialists
On the Rue du Centre next to SHASA
English, Spanish and French Spoken
Cash-with old battery
NATIONAL BATTERY Co
CHARLES I. MacNEIL,
Garage Service d'Hygiene
in front of
( HAITI SUN
lime. . you can no atl Tese inns I-r jR '. mm.-. . .
Haitian Tractor Equipment !, aWA."Cls eor intrCrops,' mail coupon tous
Ibi Am6 jw lt- a of crop land;...nacre
Co. S. A. Maurice Bonnefii, _____-_-
0 Chck oWant a representative to call and
Manager Chancerelles '". aaanu-mnfrgagon
M n e C n r l 03 Check here ifryou are aestudent.
(Tel. 2631) 'r" Name_ _-
SS e- I
- - -I-L-.---R- D-a-t-. -,Ciy-- -a --*,I
N '" I,
........ ,,...- ." ,* K. .'... ,, ._ _- J
...:." :./ ..! ... . -- ... .. ^ ^. .'-,., .- .- -r 1. ",, .
PAUL KENNEDY (SWEATING IT OUT)
ON VACATION IN SUNNY CALIFORNIA
Paul P. Kennedy, Central A-'
merican Trotting New York!
Times correspondent, found himnt
self -holed up over the pa-st
two months on a much post po-
ned vacation a n d leave. He
spent the first few weeks of the
leave working in .the New York
and Washington offices, then
went on a grand tour of the
Pacific Northwest, a bit of earth
in general and the U. S. in par-
ticular which he had not pre-
He spent quite a bit of time
in the Institute of Hispanic Stu-
dies at Stanford University in1
Stanford, California. Paul says
this is probably the most active
Latin American department inI
ai of owr universities. He talked
at the seminars and counc-l1ed
with postgraduates doing docto-
rate papers and did some re-
search on his own.
But the journalist broke out
Over with nostalgia for the
quiet academic life as against
the ribald hurly-burly of the
Before returning to the wil.
decrness of Washinrton. Paul ex-
ipect.4 to do some work in Baja
California an d report from
some of the Northern Mexican
The recent earthquake gut-
ted both the office building and
Paul's appartmnent building.
"This home leave is a grand
institutional, lie pens. abut it has
iL.; ten-ions equal to those in the
workaday world. For the first
six weeks you wonder how you
can possibly ;)end that much
time in what amount. to loafing
... the final six weeks are de.
voted almnot cxcluiv-ely to won.
during how you can possibly r.
turn to the grind aftor such de.
licious and lingering luxury as
not having to write in detail a-
bout Mr. Whozits armpits every
hour on the hour-.
Paul is in the latter stage now
and is., sweating in the palms
and fuming over the tragedy of
Joseph Nadal & Co.
j eWalker -mus be good, to remain in tLI
fhteon of Scotch Whiskies for over 130 years C4
kmmt be good to pass the scrutiny of distillers
wik wr r3o years experience behind them.
flAM 182"--' IiLL GOING STRONG 4 ''
Try it today-you'll agree it's good
DISTRIBUTOR: PREETZMAN AGGERHOLM
. ., ... . .
1, *,, your best buy!
4. .' . .
$, nsT, AST AiD ALWAYS
-YOUR W9E BUY IS I.tDEf THE ES9C
I pat n" appidein4 ls deticieux elate
SUNDAY 6th OCTOBER 1957 u HAITI SUN
((Haitian People Must Face Reality) SMITH NEW DIJ
(From The New York Times Oct. 5th) IN WASI
The Haitian military leader., year. which will be lost if Haiti
and indeed all Haitians nmustl loi-- not -ettle down quickly. Jame, Hopkins Smith, jr., who
surely realize the sen-c of shock was appointed Director of the
with which North American, The eleitlion of Sept. 22 did International Cooperation Ad-
and Latin American- have been not sati-fy many Haitians. either ,iini,.Lration in August. 1957.
following. the late -l develop- for itlihone-ll% or it- reuts. Iurceet John Baker Hollister
nment.t of Haiti. An American ci- U[noflicialliv hut certainly Dr. Iwho ha held thi, position since
lizen wa, beaten to death by Francoi, Dnvalier wou the elec- 1955.
thie police after the American 'Lion. It is quite possible lie
Em l,,b- ha.- received as--ur in- wouldd have Ion under tlh -trict \t thIe taiuc of hii.s appoint.
cecs lie woild he d,(ccntlyv trea- est conditions of honesty and ment Mr. Smith -aid that the
l.d|. a,,-itra, \. f,-,, h : a pol. vlar final objective of the foreign
and tr-ll qitalificd candidate. Ln Iidj |.dro-raci iniu-t he creating
Thr faitil.in aiithoiritie lhate an ''"ev,"t lie iould now be ac- .nrid niaintainin condlition- in
irki'd tu hiih'il r deny Ihi- horni- h j-t.', ihi'. di ly el,-ctrd Pre- :h! ; ,,i iid ri ;,N1.1,:ole can
fying fact. hut Ilie te-tiinn) of L-",n- 1i'ogret-s. To do this. we must
neutral doto.! L0 conclu-ive. In h;-Ip othlier countnric- to achieve
addition, there have been other I l iailv. I- htically and eco- Iconomic i n d e p e n d c n ce.
deaths and dizorderi in the wa- i oiniicalIy Haiti ik in the nioIt hlirougi scnsille. useful ielpx..
ke of the eleclion-, of Sept. 22 -tifiilt -ituatiou irnainah)le.
Somehow or other the Haitian Most recently managing a
It i- not too late for Haitian- n i'iitary leaders and the Haitian r'.h ii, A-pen, Colorado. lhe-
to face up their responsibilities I l' ld'' iust t'ai- reality and cause he ,enjoys most a highly
and pull theni.selvcs and their b)elhave with a ,ense of res-pon- individualized existence. Mr.
country together, bilut there is -ibility a- a Lnember of the so- SiihithI served as Assistant Secre-
no time to waste. Here in the city of nations to which Haiti tary of the Navy for Air from
United Stat,-s therc is a great bl-hn:,;s. The alternative would 1953 to 1956. In this position
fund of goodwill towar-d Haiti l)e "- terible in it results that wiich dealt largely with re-
which is in process of being dis- they world not recover for de- ea-ech a n d development he
sipated. ,'adei. showed high administrative abi-
lit)' and special concern for de-
Haiiti is absoluteliv denendp.nt artmenta l empnnlnoVe, a well
on the economic and financial
grants she has been receiving
from the United States this. year;
ever since f o r in e r President
Paul Magloire was thrown out
last December. He had depleted
-the treasury to the point of ex-
Can Haitian. expect the Afie-
rican taxpayer to help them if
they continue along the present
a, a realization of the position
to the United State's in world
Speaking at Harvard Univer-
-itvy in 1954 lie said in part:
lToday we fully realize that
,hi* is a small world, that there
1s no remote area and that our
ives are closely in'terr;lated
%ithi the lives of other people
i1 1i1. .
RECTOR OF ICA hev
dience for pride in your coun-1949
try, not because of its size, or servi
wealth or power, but because of ati(
!'i M -i. ih. on which if was tiolJ
'. an i .,il to which we ear- ain 1
,'-I. .Ili,'ie Mr. Smith had four
Iis-cn from 1935 to 1937 in the Ai,.v
S. State Department's Divi- wee"
ion of International Conimmerce. :pce
B. ilh Ii-fore and after this ser- of t1
viv, fie wa- a pilot in various
Naval Reserve air squadrons. Mi
Then he became manager of P. her.
A. A. African operation. 1931
During W world War II. lie was i. n
a pilot abroad aircraft carriers coumi
in the Pacific and was assigned i eas.
to the staff of Admiral Arthur bia
W. Radford. for which service 1935.
won a number of citations.
e was vice president of Pan
erioan Airways from 1946 to
9, taking time out in 1947 to
e on a United States dele-
on which negotiated inte-rna-
;i aviation agree-ments and
ases abroad. Then followed
years as Director of Slick
Ways. For brief periods bet-
n 1951 and 1953 hlie was a
ial assistant to the Secretary
r. Smithii wa- born in Decem-
1909 in New York City. In
hIe wa- ;radu.ited froii
1ad University of which he
ow a nmelhber of a visiting
niittee of the oard of Over-
He graduated from Colum-
Univers-ity Law School in
"-'. --. K k "- .,
A1.or" -n 1
BS RUE DE LA PAIX
HCHAUSSU A, -
a? ADO"e, all, can they ex- \ Irougiiot- tli,? worldI. In addi-
peet American tourist to go to lion today w" Ia available
Haiti in the winter season unow LES PLUS BELLES MOSAIQUES and we plan to maintain tlhe*
being hooked? T h e eotuntrv HAITIENNES 'ow"cr nee-ar\ to re,-nit I- to
needs the money d.clperately. tCUI_[ '/. OuTlI l ,'1, k e r.iy andl learlyV of the '
~~~ "" T 1L0 v
Anirli,.in tourist expenditures piJ ilH.i i AW` U[ll ir-ii 'i-iiciipl']; for whichli we stanil \\,',
reprcsont. about S 7.000.000 a PLACE GEFFRAILD Mr. Suithi called on his an-
FREE PORT PRICES ... BELLE CREOLE'S
.A 0.. A.j.A/AT/SSa]
SAVE YOU 33-1/3 0/0 60 6/0
Records & Book?
Complete Selections of FRENCH PARFUMS
Royal Crown Derby
Hand-beaded & Petit
Orlane's Gelee Royale
SUNDAY 6th OCTOBER 1957
cc HAITI SUND
12 ( HAITI SUN ))
4 SOLDIERS SLAIN
(By Otr Kenscoff Reporter)
At 11,05 p. min., Saturday night
some 7 or 8 intermittent revol-
ver shots were heard in Kcns-
coff followed by what seemed
to be ai rifle shot. Some 4 or 5
minutes later a fast well driven
car rocketed around curves, wi-
thout klazon. There were no
etrect-4ighilts at the time in Kens-
Scoff and almost no private
homes showed lightL.
lit the morning ruril police
reported 4 regular police shot I
and killed in the barracks. The
sole survivor was the corporal.
The assassins wivere not cogni-
zant of the presence of prisoners
behind a wall in the guard
house. The latter reported that
a man. gained entrance to the
barracks on pretext of using the
telephone, and stabbed in the
back the one police man on
duty. The remaining sleeping
police were killed with revol-
.4All firearms were found re-
moved from the barracks, sup-
posedly the objective of the tira-
gedy; only a few rifles are re-
ported lost plus sidearms. The
fast-driven car in the direction
?f La Rotile was the get-away
car. Telephone communications
were left intact.
Several arrests and searches
were made in Kenscoff.
.4All traffic to and from Kens-
cuff n'as forbidden all day Sun-
day. Some of the murdered po-
lice has served in Kenscoff for
a year or more and were popu-
lar; their deaths arc deeply
mourned throughout the small
mountain village which always
prided itself on its tranquillity
_._ J -
Four policemen were hiot by
unknown gunmen who attacked
the Kenscoff guardhouse at a-
round 11 o'clock on Saturday
night. The attackers were said
to have escaped with -two rifles.
Corporal Durandis Azard. in
charge of the post. and a priso-
ner who slept in the cookhouse
next to the corporal's room
were the two srun-iron.
Corporal Azard said he was
in the little backroom building
at the rear of the one-storey
,- I th lle rm.nnv
stucco guardpost when the sen-.
try called out reporting the arri- rmy sources also indicated
val of three men seeking curfew on. Tuesday that at least ten
officers had been put on half
passes. in order to seek a doctor p
for a woman who was in child- pay and twenty enlisted men
birth. i arrested pending court martial.
[I Following lust Thursday's a-
The next thing hlie heard, the o a
abortive strike by a small num-
corporail. said. was a fusillade of ,
f ber of business houses the state
shots. The seruy and three sol-o"segeuder which the cor.
dies sleeping on cots in the
*try had been since June 16
ante-room has been killed. A- tr ad een d ic Jn 16
was extended to martial law
bout fifty pent shells from a and a 10 p. mi. to 4 a. m. curjfewv
Luger automatic pistol, and se- imposed.
veral bhilets were found later A S tr
After Saturday night, terrorist
by a military' sqnad from Petion
S d b attack on an Army post at Kens-
Ville. They had been sitnmoned
S o y C coil, the c u r f e wv hour was
with telephone by Corporal A- brought orward to 8 p. t.
r brough~lt forward to 8 p. im.
zard wholeft his room when lie The Decree of Outawry said
1Ti,, Decree of Outlawry said
heard the car. presumably car- that: T h e political sectors
that: Ith e political sectors
ring the telrrorist. drive off.
St which have already tried to di-
Clad in his red-striped uni- sorganie te r still conti-
,soreganize the A-rmiy still conti-
forma and smoking a pipe, the. ,, ..
form and smoking a pipe, nue the work of sabotaging this
prisonerr next moving corrobo- i.prtt notional institution..
0 iniptrtdiit national institution-,.
rated the corporal's story to a t went on that ,in order to
It went on that ,in order to
,.Sunn Reporter who visited the I e..,
Itjig/ efficient/v against the ba-
rcene. lie seemed quite unper- fih efiinl agis th . ,,
cene ie semed quite unper ssness of the individuals be-
tlrhed by hi's lucky escape. i Ionging to the political sectorsI
S~i which carry out acts of terro-
rism during the night against
Aux members of the Army, it is ne-
C s O qes h r.:sa'v to resort to the patrio-
A/ us titn of 4nl citizens,,.
'4-lomapd Icrrordinigly, thie decree pro-.I
TIambeV cidud: 'Article 1: Outlawing
c,'/./ o under authority of martial law
sexes who. despite the existence!
of martial law, either by them-:
selve- or through their agents
]e THE LEADER I
IT'S THE FILTER THAT COUNTS
L & M HAS THE BEST!
E I K IGN61Sz E T
I MIiLtL I AL
LIGGETT & MYERS TOBACCO CO
THIS lb IT!' AMtIRICA'S
FILTER CIGARETTE 'MUCH MORE
FLAVOR -- MUCH LESS NICOTINE,.
or partisans ,still commit acts
of terrorism which imperil the
lives of individuals or the go-
Svernment of the State.
i Article 2: .iany individuals
iwho may be declared outlaws
Sby ev recutive decree may be ap-
prehcndod or killed by any ci-
tizon. civilian or military, at no
SUNDAY 6th OCTOBER 19571
i matter what moment and on any"
spot of the territory on which
thev may be found).
i Tihe decree was dated Sunday"
ni*lht but was first announced
over the radio on Tuesday mor.
nine when it was also published
,in /the Ilonitor,,, Haiti's official
A Drastic Decree authorizing,
any civilian or soldier to -ap-
prehend or kill- on sight any
person .who may be declared an
outlaw, was promulgated on
Tuesday morning by the ruling
The decree said that such out-
laws would be named later by
executive authority and indi-
cated that they would include
the names of individuals carry-
ing out terrorist attacks against
1. 1 -. ...
At Home Of Olivetti in Haiti
N PROGRESS AND QUALITY
The interior workmanship of the 1957 STUDEBAKER is
the talented work of Master-Craftsmen who have faithfully
adapted the automobile to the ideal of modern life.
STUDEBAKER has developed the conception of automobi-
le comfort -I keeping with the criteria of real elegance.
Quite a number of factors will make you appreciate the
additional advantages offered you by STUDEBAKER, the car
The only American car combining elegance and sturdiness
that is really different for 1957.
with the supreme economy of European motors.
Distributor in Haiti: Tipco (Place Geffrard)
CMG ISSUES (OUT LAV
THE GREAT MIXING
AND EXTRACT MACHINE
I 6t O 197 HATI- SUN
When was the last time you
went all out and bought your-
self your home a lovely piece
of crystal? Crystal is someth-
ing every woman wants in her
home, 'and frequently she stops
and studies a particularly at-
tractive piece and .always
means* to buy one, or means
t ostartb a collection of beauti-
ful 'bowls and ashtrays, or va-
ses. Well today is just the day
to beginn thinking about that
Sne crystal and thinking se-
riously, f o r tomorrow you
should plan to buy yourself a
ne wtreasure from the famous
Val St. Lambert crystal from
Val St. Lambert combines
the fine clear beauty of cryst-
al with delicate jewel -colors in
most of the pieces. For instan-
ce, there are beautiful scallop
edged ashtrays, which are lar-
ge, 'but gracefully un-cumrber-
The flutted edges are finely'
lined with a green, blue, or
or light wine 'color to reflect or
add bright nes depending on
the surrounding light.
Several bowls which would
Be ideal either with or withuot
'flowers are entirely amber in
color, and these come in either
a wide mouth style or with a
narrow opening. One large
vase is entirely covered on the
side with cut work that gives
HAITIAN FIRMS SEND
"21TICLES TO EXPOSITION
Several shops of ,la petite in-
duistrie- have already submitted
the articles which they wish to
enter in the coming Exposition
to 'be held in Madrid, on the
occasion of the ASTA Conven-
The National Office of Tou-
rism has received a select col-
lection of artistic object's to be
sent to the exhibit for the fol-
Atelier St. Joseph;
Galerie Odette Wiener;
"La Perle de Antilles:
Maison Kurt Fisher;
La Belle Creole;
The Souvenir Shop;
Fbyer des Arts PIlastiques;
Section des Arts M6nagers.
the effect of draperies falling self is a tall, stately shape and
down the sides-and the beauti-,the whole service will add a
tull maroon color handsomely [treasure to your table for just
contrasted to the sparkling $70.00.
crystal will make a conversa-'
tion pie:e for any home. You' 'Crystal is something cherish-
11 see another equally large ed in homes all over the world,
bowl that alternates a plain and this Val St. Lambert crys-
panel down the side with a tier tal from Belgium is really
e d horseshoe-shampe scallop, something to see. Stop tomor-
This particular vase is tall en- row in La Belle Creole and
ough to accommodate a dozen choose something special for
small 'mun-s and would be lo- your home from this collection.
vely 'for a centerpiece on your -- a
next 'dinner party table. FALL SEMESTER OPENING
Be sure -and see the twisted HEDULED AT HAITIAN
SCHEDULED AT HAITIAN
bowls about 5" high, just right AMERICAN INSTITUTE
for so many purposes, you'll
love having one of these, or
perhaps two. Three vreyv tall The academic year 1957-1958
vases are beautifully shaded wmil begin on Monday. Septem-
and in appearance are like ex- 'ber 30, at the Haitian-American
aggerated bud vases, but so Institute. The week from the
much more versatile because 30th. of September to the fourth
of their size. Certainly .a high-
light 'of the collection is the lo-
"ely decanter set with eight
thin stemmedd liqueur glasses,
each a different and exquisite
ieweled tone. The decanter it-
R.C. Gets Thanks
The President, Haitian Red
Gross. Port-au-Princc, Haiti.
We would like to express the
very grateful appreciation of the
Jamaica Branch British Red
Cross society and the people of
Jiqmaica t or the spontaneous
and heart warming gesture of
sending Doctois and Nurses, as
well a-s the gen!eroup gift of me-
dical supplies, to help with the
injured of the tragic train ac-
* I ha's .the pleasure of the com-
pany of the Doctors and Nurses
on the 'day after their arrival
and they were taken to the Man
deville and Spalding Hospitals
where they aaw the injured and
di.cussed the cases with the Doe
tors in charge of the Hospitals.
They v.were also taken to the
scene of the accident before re-
turning to Kingston:
We Have turned the supply of
medicine- over to Dr. A. A. Peat.
chief '_Medical Officer. vho is de-
lighted to have them and who
pat them to immediate use.
Our very grateful thanks a-
gain for this wonderful expres-
sion of sympathy to our people.
of October is reserved for regis-
tration for courses scheduled
for thc first semester. The cour-
-es themselves will begin on
Monday October 7. During the
week between'r October 7 and
October 11. no one will be regis-
tered; late registrants will be
able to try for any places remai-
ning 'in colasses during the week
beginning October 14.
As usual, the Institute will
offer classes in spoken English,
French and Spanish. In English
not only the, regular four year
sequence of courses will be avai-
lable, but also a special coarse
in composition and an advanced
course in pronunciation will be
offered for students who have
the necessary background. Cour-
ses are also planned for begin-
tiers in French and Spanish.
Natiurally the Institute plans
to resume its special free Friday
evening cultural events after the
reopening of classes. The public
is requested to watch the news-
papers for announcement-.
The Institute plans to offer at
least two courses in English for
children on Saturday mornings.
Op Sale at AUll
11 TAUiH I IM*
*IN a91 M ml ,.Mluwm
Better Grocery Stores
The Biggest and Most Luxurious
Of Small Cars
das Kleine Wunder I t- W
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- 1. FA| PA c
SUNDAY 6th OCTOBER 1957
(t HAITI SUN )
14 uHAITI SUNs SUNDAY 0th OCTOBER 1917 '~'
FORGET PAST GRIEVE
(continued from page 1) too was only a political oppo-
peasants loved their Doc.) nent.a
Asked about the basis on Asked whether he thought
which he proposed to form his the elections had been repre-
cabinet, Dr. Duvalier said: cMy sentative and the poll indicat-
cabinet will be as near as I ive of the proportion of the vot
can make it a Cabinet of Na- ers, Dr. Duvalier said that it
tional Union. There is no rea- was well known that in Port au
son why anyone of national Prince a large number of the
ability, regardless of whether followers of Prof. Daniel Fig-
he personally or the group to nole abstained from voting.
which he may have belonged Two days before polling, too,
was politically opposed to me thd people of Mr. Jumelle
in the campaign just conclud- were called upon by their lead-
ed, Should not be asked to er to abstain from voting.
serve. I have no personal ene- There may have been other
mies, I had political opponents abstentions by people who on
and may still have but account rumours that disord-
as President I have no enemies ers would accompany the poll-
and can have none. There are ing had stayed at honie
only enemies of the Nation. through fear. On the whole,
Apd these the Nation must however, Dr. Duvalier said, he
judge. regarded the result as repre-
Dr. Duvalier hadkbeen asked sentative.
for his views on the attitude HIS'PROGRAM
his government would take to- Answering questions on the
wards ex-President Paul Ma- programme he intended to pur
gloire and ex-Provisional Pre- sue and the relations he hoped
sident Daniel Fignol6, both of to establish with Haiti's great
whom are in exile, neighbour to the North, Dr.
cdt is too early to consider Duvalier said: (dit is my su-
special cases which actually preme conviction that the re-
are for the nation to decide, lations between the United
But I have outlined my views States ano Haiti, the two first
and any recommendations I republics bf the Western Hem-
make to my cabinet will be on isphere, will continue on the
the lines I have already defin- most cordial level. They cert-
ed.) >inly will be my prime consi-
-,NO ENEMY- deration and that of my gov-
Asked of his attitude to- ernment.
wards the two other candidates (As you aware Rural Public
in the election which had app- Health is one of, the subjects
arently been so bitterly fought, closest to my heart and I hope
Dr. Duvalier said: I .do not re- to pursue this vigorously, es-
gard Mr. Dejoie as my enemy, pecially with the object of ev-
He was only a competitor. My entually eliminating malaria,
persorAdl relations with Mr. Ju- as we have yaws, and of pro-
melle have always been good, viding proper Sanitation facili-
and. for my part. still are. He ties and Water supplies. A
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Rue Abraham Lincoln
ANhCES ey are the very ife of the c hope that some day, with
,Cal < country,)) he said. a ma ntralned in administrt.
His government, Dr. Duva- tion in the United States Uni-
campaign of Preventive Medi- lier said, acting in the tradition versifies, and who is above all,
cine and Rural Health Educa- of Estim6, would give the full- a friend of the United States
tion will go hand-in-hand with esi co-operation and assistance to the extent that he has been.
our attack on the known main in the building up of a healthy declared to be pro-Americafi
diseases. There will,'of course, trade union movement as a with such a man at the head
have to be a complete medical means of preserving the neces- af this country, with the lead-
survey as we still lack statis- sary co-operation between Ca- ership of such a president -
tics which are vital to such a pital and Labour. 1-Haiti will also became the
campaign. A MERIT SERVICE KSpoilt Child)) of the United
cIn the sphere of the Natio- In keeping with the recom- States.)
nal Economy, this is admitted- mniendationq of the Rosemborg How ever much Haiti's north
ly one of our most difficult Plan, his government would al- ern neighbour may give for the
tasks, for 'if a healthy people so seek to rationalise the gov- benefit of the people of Haiti
are necessary to the support of ernment service and at least and all of it will be so spent
a nation, it is equally necessa- lay the basis of a merit service the best thing he felt he
ry. that the economy of the free from political pressure, could do for the country, .Dr.
country be so geared that these Foreign investment was ne- Duvalier said, would be cdto
people are able to make their cessary if the country was to instal Democracy, t6 have hon-
full contribution, make economic progress and est administration at the cent-
cdn this respect we are look- the whole field of incentives er and a country united in an
ing hopefully to the United would be surveyed with a view understanding of its responsa-
States. We have accepted the to making them as attractive as bilifies under Democracy.))
Rosemborg Plan as the basis of possible to foreign investors.
our economic planning and it But despite all the special FUNERAL RITES FOR MRS.
is hoped that we "'ill get ex- legislation,)) Dr. Duvalier said, THERESA MEINBERG
pert help from the' United (the greatest, incentive a gov- Mrs. Theresa Meinberg, long
States in carrying out the po- ernment can offer to the inves- time resident and member of
licies suggested in this Plan. tor, whether foreign of local is the Austrian Colony at Port-au-
eWe hope, as a start, to get its honesty. Our government Prince, was laid to rest on
two Fiscal experts. We will be will be devoted to honesty, and Thtue-day afternoon She was
setting up a National Economic given that basis, then there is 88 years of.age.
Planning Board ,or as we have -Aso established mutual confid- Impressive funeral rited a-
named it The Grand Tech- ence., midst a ho. t of borrowing rela-
nical and Administrative Coun U. S. FINANCIAL AID lives and friends reflected the
cil on National Resources. Asked if he expected to seek high esteem in which The de-
cI n Agricultural Develp- financial assistance from the funct was head in her country
ment, for instance, we hope to United States Government, Dr of adoption.
put in the first line the grow- Duvalier said his government ,
.. Mur. Member" was the .toe-
ing of bananas for export and certainly woutild. On his way' e w a th uo-
to retrieve and expand the pro back from a visit to the United her o the we kno Iho
mise of this industry under the iStates, the Doctor said, he had any dealers, the Meinberg Bro-
Estimi regime.i j stopped at Puerto Rico. thero, and was active in mana-
The President-elect empha- He had asked PuertoRicafs ging the family houehold at
sised that Co-operatives were to explain the great economic Petion-Ville tinil she was con-
expected, and would be hel4- nrogregs which had been made fined to bed- several weeks ago.
ed', to play the greatest possible there and they had replied When h e r condition became
part in the agricultural life of simply cc((American Money.)) worse she was interned at the
the country. Puerto Rico was the Eu-l Canape Vert Hospital. The end
(The agricultural future of I fant Gptev (spoilt child) of the came quietly on Monday after-
Haiti lies in Co-operatives United States. noon.
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SUNDAY Oth OCTOBER 1S]t".
clINhLflAV LAshOTBR15 HrIS
Doctor Gabriel Gustave left
last week for Quito, Educador
where he will follow specialized
studies in Tuberculosis. He was
granted a World Health Orga-
Miss Odette Mathurin left for
Canada this week, on a World
Health Organization scholar-
ship to specialize in Hygiene.
Tony Burgers, main droitce
of the E. & G. Martijn firm on
Rue des Miracles, is back in
town after a sojourn in the U.S.
Antoine Khawly returned from
the U. S. last Sunday.
Carl Tippenhauer who recen-
tly obtained his Bachelor of
Laws degree at Ecole de Droit,
son of Engineer Harry, left last
week on a business trip to the
Mr. Franco Brenni. Swiss Mi-
nister to Port-au-Prince, accom-
panied by his wife, arrived from
Havana on Monday, on a plane
of the Delta Air Lines.
The members of the Interna-
tional Club of Commerce were
advised by notice on October
*lt. that the weekly hmcheons
of the club have been suspended
until further notice, in confor-
inity with the Decree-Law of
September 26 th.
The cora-ses in German for be-
,inners under the auspices of
the Legation of the Federal Re-
public of Germany opened at 6
p. m. October 3 rd.
Senora Maria Teresa Cainejo
and her party were here Friday
enronte to Miami from Caracas.
The group included daughter
Soledad Perez Villaro, son Cal-
vin and nephew Halley. Mrs.
Camejo and Soledad will spend
a month in Miami, after tucking
the boys into their school cam-
Beautifully mastering t h e
French verb, the beauteous
South American delivered a mes
sage from friends to Dr. Jean
They were greeted upon arri-
val by journalist Aubelin Joli-
coeur. Soledad Villaro is a stu-
detn in Architecture at the Uni-
versity of Caracas.
Mr. Louis kareau, Vice-Con-
sul at the Haitian Consulate Ge
neral in New York City, is at
pr.-c-nt. at Port-au-Prince.
The Reverend Fathers Arthe.
me Terault, Poulin and Roy, of
the Congregation of Jesus, retur-
ned, from their annual vacation
in Europe. They were accompa-
nied by two new members of
die Congregation, the Reverend
Father Bourassa who will work
Lii the Quartier Morin parish,
and Brother Francois Xavier
*Eric F. Etienne, Director of
hie Tourist Bureau at Cap-Hai-
tian will lie one of the Haitian
delegates to the ASTA Conven-
tion in Madrid. He flew via New
York to the Spanish Capital to-
day, to attend the 27th. Con-
gre&ss of the ASTA chapter
Mr. and Mrs. Halim Abula-
rack arrived here last Sunday,
accompanied by their daughter
Leyla. They plan to spena se-
veral weeks in Haiti visiting
with their relatives, the Jean
Abujabers of La Belle Creole.
GCasino I nternatijonal's
peor. Georgio Cesari, went
ani on October, 1st.
Jim Haggerty of Look Maga-
zine is stopping at Hotel Castel-
haiti this week.
Mrs. Marcel Chauvnt return-
ed from New York last week
with her niece Norma daught
er of Mr. ,and Mrs Ricot Chau-
vet. Norma is a dancer and was
with the famous t Rockettes".
Arthur Bonhomme flew to
the States on September 29 th.
Milo Hakime. local business
,tycoon, wa. off to San Juan last
Herbert Hyppolite flew
York last Smunday.
Gera-d Brierre left on
Clipper for a sejourn in
Jean Deeb, commercant, flew
Statesides on Ootober 1st.
Mait Laraque, local business-
man, was off to New York last
El Rancho's owner. Albert Sil-
Louis E. Loma of LOOK Ma-
gazine was at Castelhaiti over
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Davies,
Jr jare new arrivals at the U.S.
Embassy at Port-au-Prince. Mr.
Davies relieves former Ameri-
can Consul Joe Gross who was
plsted here the past three
Carl Rey, Haiti's Consul in
Kingston, returned home from
Jamaica last week.
Delegate Herald 01G. Roy. flew
off to the United Nations ,on
Thirty of the Panama Liner
S. S. "Anoon 's 85 passengers ar
driving from New York on Sa-
turday, October 5th. disembar-
ked at Port-au-Prince as follows
'Ernest Bazani; Fortune L. Bo'-
gait; Miss Primrose lerie: Mrs.
Hortense Colon; Mrs. Irene Co-
lon; Miss. Adcine Danies- Mrs.
Elvire Duca':se; Mrs. Rolande
Dmnesle: Miss. Michelle Fon-
chard; Mis. Ravrmondc Ger-
main; Mrs. Georgette Heyliger
and son.: Mrs. Aiine Holly and
Rodoilphe Jean-Baptiste: Rev
Francis Mitchell. 0. M. I.; Sis-
ter Mariane Paquin: Rev. Mar-
cel Peloquin, 0. M. I.; Mr. and
Mrs. Charles Pennock: Sister
Marie Perian; Mr. Harry Pola-
kis: Mr. and Mrs. Harry A. Rich
and s-on; .Rev. Joseph G. Rou-
lier, 0. M. I.; Miss Lucie Vi-
laire; Miss Christiane Vilaire:
Miss Lydila Vilaire and Miss
Patrick Madsen flew in from
Miami on September 26 tlh.
Arthur and Eggie Vincent, qf
the Savoy Restaurant returned
from the States this week where
they attended the funeral ser-
vices of Mrs. Vincent's mother.
Sacha Thebaud is back from
studies in the U. S.
Jean Gardere (Rhum Barban-
court) and his wife Genevieve
flew to Miami on September 23
Albert and Margaret Hill of
Hasco are hack home from their
trip of -the States.
Joe Gross. popular U. S. Con-
sul 'at Port-au-Prince, left for
South America on the 24th..
prior to taking his home leave
in the U. S.
Victor Boucard flew to New
York last Sunday on Esential
Me. Georges N. Leger. Sr. re-
ve,-a. kflw to the ASTA Con- turned from a brief two-day bu-
vention. in Madrid, last Wed- sines trip to New York this
-Le Hasarda, family home of
the St. Cyr clan at Avenue Chris
tophe, was the scene of a gay
afete intlimes last Tuesday eve-
ning, October 1st. A double ce-
lebration of anniversaries grou-
ped members of the family a-
round Mrs. May St. Cyr who
observed her birthday, and Mr.
and Mrs. Felix Pilorge (Ma-
dame n6e Eggley St. Cvr'i who
observed their two years of wed-
A sumptuous buffet menu in-
cluded: A creole sPopper of griot
d u riz-jonjon, bananes peseaces.
jardinage, and roast turkey, ma-i
cearoni-au-gratin, potato salad.
The di-ner was exquisitely mois
toned b y rhum barbancourt,
fine wines and champagne.
May's birthday cake was a
creation by sister Amelia Mar-
tinez, featuring one tiny candle
sprouting from the back of a
Guests harmonized on rHap-
wy Birthday to You. accompa-
tied at the piano by Madame
With curfew fixed for 8 p. m.,
'the merrymakers had to he con-
tent with a shortened asoireec
which was nonetheless gay and
intimate, and left aLe Hasard,
with a souvenir of having been
well dined and well wined.
Dr. Scherer Adrien has been
appointed to the Surgical De-
partment at General Hospital.
He w a s transferred recently
I from his post in Aux Cayes to
Former Ambassador- Aliert
EtHeart and his wife returned
this past week from their three
months sejourn on the Conti-
Marie-Florence hoy went to
school in Rome, this week. She
will study painting at the
Annie Borno, -left for special
studies in (Arts Decoratiifs in
Paris this week. Her dad loses
a good sailor.
Claudinette (beauteous) Fou-
-chard is home from Washing-
ton where she completed her
x x x
Loulou Marchand and wife
flew to New York last Sunday.
Counsellor Paul Barringer of
the. U. S. Embassy left for Bos-
ton t0is week on the occasion of
the illne-ss of his mother.
Dr. Rindal Assad, owner of
Hotel Villa Creole, left for N.
York this week.
The bearded Herb Morrisson,
press agent f o r International
News Service, and others, has
moved into the Baussan ville at
Mr. John floover, USOM Di-
i Rector, having completed his aa-
csignment here is expected to
Sheelagh burns (authoress)
and daughter Kathy are in the
States and are expected to re-
main until Christmas. Vinton
has gone to reforest Venezuela.
The Vinton's subletted their u-
nique Diquini home and the
waterfallas to Captain John Fa-
hy U. S. Army Attache.
MIrs. Gerard Fils-Aime obser-
ved her birthday anniversary. on
October 5th., receiving a veri-
table shower of good wishes and
gifts from friends and her col-
leagues of SCISP where she does
a stint on 'the Disbursing Offi-
Mrs. Ronald Barwell and her
baby daughter, are here from
Jamaica visiting with parents
Mr ;and Mrs. Emile Sepe.
Haiti's officer in charge of Fi-
nance, Colonel Maurepaa Alcin-
dor returned tb Port-au-Prince
from his mission to the U. S. as
President of .the Haitian Dele.
nation to the Internavionaf Mo-
netary Funds Congress. o4 Sun-
Rene Piquion is back from
10. months in Spain and France,
where he followed special cour-
ses in social science. He retur-
med from Europe by boat.
X X X
The Armand girls, Michele
and Jeanette left for studies in
Europe this week. Miehele will
study at the Sorbonne for
three years. Jeanette will re-
main in Paris for thiee month.
CLAUDE MANUEL, of RCA, took off on a tour of North
America last Friday...
Mr. CARL HEGGOM, U.S. Fishery expert left after a month.
s sojourn here, working with Haitian expert Leon Bonmnefil,
FAO's Martin Routh on the possibilities of the country's fish-
eriesiprocuring a rational boost for the national economy...
Mr. JOHN FRANCIS MARSHALL, the new Liberian Am-
bassador to Port au Prince was honored in Lbndon on Sept-
ember 23rd, prior to his departure for Haiti by a cocktail party
offered by the Diplomatic Corps there. Mr. Marshall had served
as First Embassy Secretary in England before receiving his
promotion to the rank of Ambassador...
GEORGE SKAlDDING of Life Magazine and his reliable
camera returned to the local scene this wee to film the civil
war the U.S. newspaper talk about.
LESLIE SPRINGETT who passed seven years in Haiti Qs-
sisting with the reorganization of the coffee industry arrived
here Uhis week... '
A U. S. ARMY AIRFORCE PLANE called at Bowen Field
early Saturday morning to take dependents of the Airforce'and -.
Coast Guard Mission here on a jaudlt to San Juan, Puerto-Rico... '.
4 HAITI -SUN a
cTrMNAYv 6th OCTOBER 1957
,c HAITI SUN
As you listen on the ama-
teur radio bands nowadays,
you hear people talking about
their DX (distance) contacts
for the day. Normally, they
discuss whether Germany is
coming through well, or wheth
er the Australians are active
on twenty meters that sort
of thing. You also hear them
say that things must be tough
in Haiti; al the Haitians are off
Collectively, the reapear-
ance of the normally quite act-
ive Haitian contingent on the
international air, would have a
From a negative standponit,
we doubt that such a ban, by
itself, can possibly prevent the
use of clandestine radio trans-
mitters by sufficiently dermin-
ed individuals who have noth-
ing to losq by operating ille-
Just for laughs, we figured
out that in order to begin a
half-way effective watch on
the international bands for ill-
egally-operating Haitian sta-
tions would take:
1 truly superior and well-ed-
ucated officer who has been
a ham for 4 years.
4 average officers, also hams
or well-trained radio oper-
16 superior petty officers, all
well-trained radio men.
96 well-trained ratings, a l 1
with at least one year of
-About $7,500.00 per Month-
4 specially-equipped radio di-
14 special communi-
1 Master communi-
This team would be looking
for and guarding against the
illegal use of radio by perhaps
one intelligent man in a mob-
me Fredc WOOLLEYs
o ;tu- PIP .- 9
li jecv~g)q6 eap:
'Jlb la (9t~w:
.OeO. Co o i r-
SCo~e of 1Pc~ti4'.
ile-equipped automobile who lines, the soldiers of the Natio-
would not have to transmit nal Penitenciary, the Depart-
more than 10 minutes in any the Department of Foreign Re-
one location anywhere in Haiti lations. and the Personnel of
in order to get any two thous- IDASH.
and-word text over the air. The deceased was the father
The thing is impractical, of Captain Andre Farrea'u, Of-
The 'ban penalizes the well- ficier in charge of the (Depart-
established, perfectly neutral mcniLst of Justice and Labor; al-
ham, and hurts the Haitian po _o M-. Louis Fairreau, Haitian
sition internationally, without Vie-Coneul at New York. Of
providing any effective guar- his four daughters, two are
antee that it will help the pre-
sent Government in maintain-
ing law and order. It makes
Haiti look ludicrous, from one
viewpoint, or what is worse,
positively dangerous, from an-
Cuba tried such a ban and
had to give'it up; and if the
two. situations are to be judged _
com.paratively by outsiders on I
'he air. we look in worse shape
Lhan Cuba, which is what we .,. .
are trying to disprove. .
A HFL.M READER
Two Foreigners P HW T-
Expelled by 'Govt. f TE
(C,,ntinued from page I)
Lebanese left the country aft-
er the order was made public M 0 P
Kensvil -has been here for
the past six years and worked
for a number- of years at La
Belle Creole. -Mr. Halloun
whose gasoline station-had be- MI JOSt &CAL"
en without gasoline for a'numb- (^f Q "OUP 1' I
er of days was recently releas-
ed from Canape Vert Hospital. 'l tb \
He was hospitalized after he
w'as badly burnt in an explo- the'Vall4 O X
s.on that gutted his store. Cana
Funeral Services / Q / u
For Mr. J-B Farreau t.,' e e"--- k---
jllnEEmmTE 5AME MPNAQiEW4E
Imposing funeral services 1
were held. Tuesday afternoon.
for Mr Jean.Baptiste Farreau, at
Eglise Sainte Anne. He was 60
yoars of age.
The funeral was attended by
the President and menibers of -
the Military Government Cabin- j
et,. Army officers, and a large
gathering of sorrowing relati e |
Numerous floral pieces in
witness of the high esteem in
wlhich the defunt was held in- ; 1
eluded those from the Military
Government Council, the Chief
of Army Staff, the Command-
c r and Officers of the various
goverimmmenitail departments, the
-oldiers of die Casernee Dessa- OIL1
* Gnle~t4 AirQ. cone/iooned
a yAz/005 Cais,;,e
lAua/t TQimo erfeffi .
*A/ffoAt Clu:.(/S^ GfWCoWre
FAMOUS _ _ _
FOR EVERY OCCASION
NDAY 6th OCTOBER 1957 I
nimarried and residing in New i.:
Funeral pirlogies pronounced '
at 'the graveside of the vener-'-.
able citizen included that of '
Attorney J. Lei io Joseph who S
sketched the life and admira- .
ble qualities of Mr. Farrean, re-,:A
forring to him as an excellent '*.
husband, a model fatlier and a
great patniot whose philosophy..
of life was an example to all.