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Haiti sun


Material Information

Haiti sun
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 46-47 cm.
R. Cheney, Jr.
Place of Publication:
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Creation Date:
October 29, 1950


newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Haiti -- Port-au-Prince


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began Sept. 1950.
General Note:
"The Haitian English language newspaper."

Record Information

Source Institution:
Duke University Libraries
Holding Location:
Duke University Libraries
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 32441147
lccn - sn 95058138
lcc - Newspaper 2117
System ID:

Full Text







For the first time in Haiti's
153 years of independence, she
will go to the polls practising
universal suffrage today.

One thousand polling booths
have been setup throughout the
country each to be administered
by representatives of the candi-
.dates selected by ballot.
Port-au-Prince, for instance
has 67 polls and Cap Haitian,
22. According to the Electoral
Decree issued by the Military
Council August 2'8, the number
of polls is based on the popuLa-
tion and supposedly they are
distributed accordingly. No poll
shall handle more than 1500
All of the candidates had ac-
cepted the decree as being libe-
ral and the best that could have
been devised under the present

However. charger have been
made 'during the past week b"
two candidates that the Military
Junta has crigged the elections






for the benefit of the third,
Doctor Francois Du v a l i e r,
though this has not been subs-
tantiated by actual facts from
all parties concerned.
The adversaries claim the lo-
cal administrations responsible
for choosing the men who will
count the votes in each area
have been changed in two thirds
of the bureaus by the Military
to favor the Duvalierists and
that the number of assessors fa-
vorable to Duvalier is our, of
proportion to his strength in
many areas.
* Whether this charge, the ac-
cusation that the distribution of
polling booths is not accurate
in respect to the population in
particular areas making it im-
possible for all voters to have
the chance to vote and the char-
ge that the decision of the vo-
ters can perhaps be changed
after the votes are counted. are
well founded or not is difficult
to prove.
The Important fact is that the
country is faced with the oppor-
tunity of running honest, free
elections. It might be advisable
to examine closely after the
elections how they were carried

p .. s '.sL ..- .-^...

IN IS M apou-shaded home (Top) 84-year old Ti-Cousin.
one of Haiti's most famous Voodoo Priests, lies ill.

TI-Cousin became a Catholic ten years ago and thus re-
nounced Voodoo-ism.

Highly respected in his community, Ti-Cousin. in prepara-
tion for his passing, built two large attractive tombs one
of which is pictured above, ordered his coffin from Miami,-
and now waits for death Story on page 5.

out, attempting to understand the incumbent to name his suc- popular vote of all males in
the pitfalls and the injusti- cessor. 1950, Haitian history shows uni-
ces if any exist. In 1843, then President Jean- versal suffrage for presidential
Pierre Boyer was overthrown in elections has not existed until

UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE what has been called the most
IN HISTORY important Haitian revolution.
The notion of uniyersal suffra-. for although it was instigated
ge goes far back in Haitian his- by the elite it led, in the next
tory. Alexandre Petion's consti- 70 years, to the extinction of
tution of 1816 stated t h e r e the elite and representative go-
should be universal suffrage vernment.
except for women, criminals, The revolutionaries' constitu-
idiots, and menials by ballot. tion. striving -for effective par-
Although the group, of criminals limnentary government, w a s
and idiots was perhaps insigni- completely unrealistic and was
ficant. women constituted more very soon replaced. It provided
than half the population, and for direct election of the presi-
(cmaneniais) included not' onl3 dent by democratic vote' but
house servants but peasants. when the next president, Gene-
Consequently. universal suf- ral Riche. setup a constitution
frages under Petion comprised in 1846 he kept the principle of
about three percent of the po- Petion that. the president should
pulation. The elite and the army be elected, not by the people,
were the only voters and since but by the combined Senate and
the elections were watched by Chamber.
the soldiers and the ballots
counted by presidential appoin- 20TH CENTURY VOTING.
tees, there was frequently ex- PROVISOS
traordinary unity of opinion. The Constitution of 19 18
It is interesting to note that drawn up in Washington and
Petion's second constitution was forced through in Haiti by a
the longest lived in Haitian his plebiscite provided for direct
tory. It allowed the principle of election of senators, but until
life presidency and the right of Paul Magloire was elected. by

Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Sunday S


Ten reconditioned training pla-'
nes are now in the hands of the
SHaitian Air Force. The last five
arrived Thursday, at 3:30 P.M. All
are AT-6 attack type training
These planes were bought from,
the U.S. Air Force ..Base at Davis-'
Monthan, in Tucson, Ariona. The
first batch were flown here on Au i
gust 29th by five pilots of the Hai
tian Air Force, led by Aviation
Corps Chief, Major Albert Mai-
gnan. The purchase and ferrying
of the %shipment here from the
United. States were arranged by
U.S. Air Mission Chief, Colonel S.
S. Riddle, and Major Lou Stokes
who accompanied th.e flights in the
Air Mission's DC-3.
Colonel Albert Maignan declin-
ed to say how much these planes
cost the Haitian Government, but
it is known that they were ac-
quired at bargain prices.

Between 6:00 A.M. fODAY
and 6:00 A.M. TOMORROW
DON'T sell liquor.
DON'T wear insi.-uias. fa-
vours medaUlions, unir'orus, or
any indication olf political party

DON'T stage political moe.ings
or make political broadcast.-..
DON'T approach within 120
yards of a polling booth if -OLg
'are in a car. truck, nr a mrnotor-
cycle. (Distance: a ei;.y block).

eptemnber 22th 1957 No. 1.


The only chance the people
have had to vote has been for
locaf officials and representa-
tives and in most of. these instan
ces the vote has been limited to
the elite and the army, with the
president's men counting the
ballots. The president has been
elected by the senators and re-
presentatives, the senators being
chosen by the representatives.
Or the president has come into
power by revolution.
Since the American Occupa-
tion which ended over 20 years
ago, there have been plebiscites
on constitutional changes, the
people having the right to vote
Yes or No. So September 22,
1957 marks an historic occasion
in Haitian political history.
Under the present Electoral
Law the first task of the" new
Congress will be to draft a new
or amended Constitution. The
new President, however, will be

inaugurated under the Constitu-
tion drafted by the Gonaive
I constituent Assembly of 1950.

The triplets born Thursday, Sep
tember 19th, to Lamrercie Pierre
were given the names -of eAntoni-
ne, -Adrienne-, and ,Emilie..
Their father, Andre Maurice,
stated that,be had. given the femnt
nine form' of 'he i' nt 4l4t'
General' (Antdrnio) Kebreau, (U
drien) Valville, and (Emile) Za-
mor to his da ghtesw':as,,a.4,,'It,.
to these officers of the Ia ..



SOzzie Bender, "for four years
the Point IV Forestry, Advisor
the SHADA, will be leaving
Haiti this week. He will go to
his new assignment in Bogota,
Colombia after checking in at
Washington, D. C.
He leaves the Mare Rouge -
Sequin road almost completeI


DONT attempt to r 'vel from
commune to commune hy public U. S. Ambassador. Geral-l
vehicle transport of this kind Drew returned on Friday from
is prohibited, holiday in the United Slates.

and can look back on four years
of fruitful development of log-
ing and development otf the
forests on Morne-des-Commissai-
Using tents, shacks and call-
les, Ozzie Bender lived all over
the Pine Forest during his work
there. He has grown a bushy
beard so becoming to a forester.
In his personal opinion, and
in that of people who have tra-
velled extensively through South
America, he declares : T h e
Pine Forest in Haiti is probably
one of the most advanced fo-
(Continued on page 15)

Ila^ I^"W^ j~tJI ^ ^^





, Li.

SUNDAY September 22th 91





The Electoral Decree of Au-
gust 28th issued by the 'Military
Government Council responding
to the wish'-of the majoriy has
suppressed, the irritating for-,
malities of inscriptions by the
electors before the vote.
This is perhaps perfect.
However in issuing this negati-
ve act of suppression, unfortunate-
"ly, the Military Government Coun i
cil did not come out with a posi-!
tive fact which would replace that
which has been destroyed.
Advance inscriptions allowed the
determining on.aproportional ba-
sis the number of voting bureaux.
Now that there will be no ins-
cription to fix the number of men
and women disposed to vote, what
will determine the formation of
these voting bureaux?
If you want to be logic, if you
want to prevent falling into fan-
tasy or arbitrary methods, there
is only one procedure to adopt
for the determining of the num-
ber of these bureaux: you niut re
fer to an official document: The
Bulletin of the Haitian Institute
of Statistics fixing the population
figures of Haiti by se and age
groups from 21 to 85 years and
above, according the final results
of the 1950 Census.
This will be'a very practical way
to utilize the work of these Statis,
tic and' Census Bureaux and tech-
nicians for whom the Republice



'rom La Phalange of Sept-15-16t

Republic by order of importance
and indicating the number of vo-
ters for the principal communities
and the number of voting bureaux
to be formed for each of these
communities, still using the figu-
res of the Haitian Institute of Sta
tistics, the only that may be con
sidered scientific.

Let us note that the Communi-I
ties of the North are in general
the least inhabited of the Repu-
blic and that Cap-Haitien is only
Second Community of the North
and not the first in population
and a conrfrmunity of 12th order
from an electoral point of view,
ranking after Bainet, St-Louis du
Nord, Torbeck, Petionville, Area-
haie, Grand-Goave and even Acul
du Nord! (We consider as being
of the same order, the communi-
ties furnishing the same number
of voters).

ler Departemen

Commune de Port-au-Prince
La Gongve

must spend money in vain.
These technicians have studied 2rnze -
abroad, they have participated at
international conferences, all that Commune des Cayes
should not be done only to save de Jerdmie
the facade and show other nations d'Aquin
that we are following them de Torbeck
theoretically on the rod to pro-
a State organism. 3e Ddp
These works, useful in more
than one way, must serve for so- Commune des Gonaives
mething and when it is a question de Hinche
of elections, nothing is more nor- Dessanes
mal or more natural than to be Saint-Marce
able to use the figures of the num
her of Haitian voters prepared by 4cmie -
a Safte organism.
According to the Bulletin of Commune d'.Acul du Nord
the Haitian Institute oS Statis. du Cap-Haitien
tics of February, 1957, the nuni- de Ouanaminthe
her of voters are fihded .at 1,524, d6 Plaisance
481. The figure is based ;on the
1950 Census which was made, 5 De
therefore seven years awo.
Considering the enthusiams that
the present electoral campaign in Commune de Port-de-Paix
creating, it'-can be deducted that de St-Lduis ,du Nord
the great majority of the voters fle Jean-Rabel
of bo.th sexes will go to the polls.
Let us leave aside, to represem.t -
the small number of citizens who
will notf vote, the coefficient of YL
the increase of the population NYL N '
over the past seven years sinoe TfOCKTINGS
1950 and content ourselves with k ST C lK NGS
the figures furnished by the Sta- AT EXT'REMI
tistics Institute for 1950.
The general population of YOU WANT SI
Haiti being 1524,481 voters, you iCOMIPLIMENT
would have to take 1,500 elec-
tort for one voting bureau, as CLOTHES.
provided by the electoral de- OUR FILMY N
cree. 1017 voting bureaux for
all the Republic and 1.017 pairs IN A RANGEC (
of scissors to pare the nails of NEW SHADES.
the little finger on the right H VE PENCIL

In using as a basis the prejudi-
ces established one is tempted to
classify in the voting bureaux the
order of importance as follows:
Saint-Marc, etc.
This classification s purely fan
tasy and is not based on any
scientific data
We are giving below the classify
cation of the Departments of the








". r l- r Al -4P l.i- a f ip I
______________; Only 3' Days To New York

I^ i Accurate information at office ot Panama Line ONLY




Transmission of television pro- In this work, a University .
grams and telephone messages California physicist has setup
th) from the United States to Cuba receiving stations on a line front
over the horizon rather than California through Central
It will also be noted the impor- through underwater cables or South America and severalil.
tance of the Communities such as relay stations 30 miles apart the Pacific to receive the si6in,
Jacmel i2nd order), Leogane began last week for' the first sent from California. T
O3rd 'order), Petit-Goave (4th or- timel and opened the way for to- At the central station i radtr
der), Cayes (5th order) in popu- revision in Haiti. monitor tells the scientists E
lation. Formerly, U.S. programs re- actly where the signal they ha
If one wishes to be serious, if ceived by cable were always sent has landed and what int:
one wishes to really organize susceptible to mechanical break- fees. in the form of atmospheric
free, honest and sincere elec- downs, such as the one All Ame?- disturbances, such as tie aurora
tions, one must use as a basis rica's cable to Haiti suffered re- boreahlis, meteors and cloud'
the only official and scientific cently. In addition, the, laying with longer 01n11 mlorr: officioet
data of the country on the popu- of cables over long distances s t ransmissioii "
lation numbers of the communi- a long and difficult process. Re- WORLDWIDE STSTEM
ties to constitute voting bu- lay stations, of course, make TO COME
reaux. transmission difficult where no The results of tlii. research
Any other solution will leave land masses exist for stations, may well enable ilii.i and other
the door open to fantasy, arbi- With the new technique, called countries to sonn receive telcv.;
trariness, disloyalty, making the fulsifying of the ballot of the tion*, the television signal pas- simple and ine\o.:nsiveo manner.
voters in advance which must ses diagonally over the curvatu- I from such counrTe'js a their LTnif
be free. sincere and honest. re of the earth and enters the ted States and othr-r %%hien pro.
Edouard A. TARDIEU troposphere, six to 12 miles duce programs.
President of the Parti Populaire above the earth, an air mass sur- In reverse, Haiti could prodi."
Social Chretien. rounding the earth where nearly ce programs for direct transmit.
La Phalange Sept 15-16th. all cloud formations occur and sion to foreign land. :
weather conditions begin. The American Telephone an4
ent de l'O1uest When it hits the tropospheric Telegraph Company set up the
layer, it is %bounced;> back to Florida to Cuba system which
IElecteurs Bureaux de vote the earth on a diagonal line can currently handle at any one
98.779 66 landingg> at the spot to receive time one television program in
19.352 33 the television signal, each direction and 36 telephone
14.533 30 Although the transmission conversations.
12.490 29 over the horizon begun last
30.295 21 week extends only a distance of BOLOSSE RESERVOIR'
24.435 19 185 miles, from Florida City, UNDERGOING-'REPAIRS
18.312 13 Fla. to Gunabo, Cuba, it must Repairs that will guarantee
17.600 12 be noted that scientists all over larger supply of potable water
15.857 11 the.. world are studying longer from the reservoir at Bolosse a26
13.302 9 transmission of signals so that being carried out, under the per-
eventually television and radio sonal supervision of the Director
ement du SiW may be sent, for instance, from General of the Hydraulic Service
Electeurs Bureaux de vote the United States to Britain, a and the Chief of the Teehnieal
37.574 26 distance of roughly 3000 miles. Section.
31.758 22 RESEARCH TO BETTER The installation of new 24-inch
29.697 20 TECHNIQUE pipes is proceeding, with special
18.495 13 The longest distance a signal new instruments being employed
has been sett with this method for the connections.
t de I'Artibonite is from Stanford, California to This improvement of the Bo-
Electeurs Bureaux de vote the southern tip of Chile, a dis. losse Reservoir will eliminate the
30 553 21 stance of about 2000 miles. This defects existing in the water sup
23 766 20 occurred'last spring in a project ply of the Capital.
23497 19 being conducted for the Interna. Completion of this important
27439 19 tional Geophysical Year. work is expected shortly.

mrizent (lit Nord __________
Electeurs Bureaux do vote



Direct Passenger and Freight Service


parteiment du Nord'Ouc'.t


Bureaux (le





q ""rpie', Flag
i1 moms 'with bitli
din ini ron
ramorli C I'lNnl
Fani,,:.. ('. likiln"
25q Pouiinds Baggage



Plv r'r flF t'\iFR 4, 1 o7 V,. P

i Rue Abraham lincoln

Telephone 3062

1. . =WE




"TYr ET ir "ri *'*ir'r I ad"I T nr" f" r'rn n .. '

'T d-M

w orv . ....w


SUND.AY September 22tb 1957



Attractive, Small Homes Typify Residential Areas
I Replacing Many Stately, Magnificent Mansions

Chicago Church Dignitary
On Visit Here

Bishop Luther B. Hylton. D D..' nary society ten years ago. Sin.e
of Chicago, III., left this weel. that time the work 'has made

"LUX Toilet Soap

is really beautifying"
says radiantly lovely film star MERLE OBERON

Lee Blacknell, City Editor of
The Chicago Defender, great
weekly newspaper published by
John E. Sengstacke, dropped in
on the Republic this past week
fot his first visit and to report
on pre-electoral Haiti
The young newsman %isited
several political meetings, saw-
the sights in arid around the Ca-
pital, and chatted with collea-
gues and intellectuals
He was deeply impressed by
thle attitude of the people here
who. were busily preparing to
go to the polls in their first at-
tempt at universal suffrage. ljr.
Black%%ell left this week for the
U.S. after expressing his wishes
for happy elections...

beinle- gW oruj evenly dibuted As ich gIes life and real teein siticn of Hain p g t I B
their ability to buy and their desi- following representatives of the
re to own increases. But these US press: New York Times Pe-,
men can not afford houses of the ter Kihss. desIt man in the New
proportions of the lovely one York office. His normal duties are
above. Consequently. they _build covering UN and Latin American
the smaller, but attractive, gail:' Developments. Mr. Kihss has visit
colored ones sprouting up-all over ed Haiti'only once before as a
Port-au-Prince. tourist to Cap-Haitien in 1938.
Assocated Press Larry Allen,
,.'eanwhile many of the older, currently in Cuba. but who was
larger ones, descriptive of a mo-1 here last May
neyod class, able to afford enough United Press Jim Cunningham;
servants to maintain the grounds, International News Service Her-
clear the verandahs and parlors bert Morrisson. Life: Miss Jane
and serve gracious meals to large Nelson, reporter in the New York
pa:t:es, are falling into disrepair. office. George Skaddmi. Staff
As an economy begins to be more Photographer, recently covering
evenly distributed, not so many mostly U.S. political, and go.
can afford such luxurious living, vernement activities from Was-
Although it is indeedd sad to see hington
this phase of home living begin to Frank Hill. Jamaica O'Gieaiir'i-
pass out of existence, the masses' Political Reporter. arri,' el Fri-
of neW e, smaller homes can only day afternoon.

San Juan

Ciudad Trulillo

You're in the best of
hands when you.. }."'


Phone:'3313 TLcket Of-ce Jas. Nadal & Co.
Bldg. Jos. Nadal & Co., General Agents
or see your Travel Agent


Nine out 6 tn filmin stars rtJl on
pure, virld Lux Toilet Soap for
their dail% beauty came. LoVelv
Merle Oberon is no exception.
Shc Imnows that thc skin-tonic
action of gentle l.u. T'ilet
s. oap' l;ccps hcr skin radianti,
S clear. Always use Lux Toilet
S Soap and you can have a
l,',, Lcomplc:;ion too.

9 out of 10 film stars
use LUX Toilet Soap

after spending several days here i great strides
The graceful strength born by during which he inspected the A new school established at
the c-nutlful home righti is ra. 7 ..-*"'.^. .-"'^...' 1 work being done here 1y the Boutilliers was inaugurated on
p'dl-..::sappearing from the Hai- -.t-.ionary Congregation of Zhe Sunday by the visiting Bishop
liar riorzon_,Church of God ifn Christ Hylton, and on Sunday night he
Bishop Hylton is the Djbiricz delivered a vibrant sermni, to
A hume like this one, though ^ '" ... Superintendent of the Hyde members at the Church, Inoated
magn'f"eent in its charm and soil. Park District of Central Illinois, 1 in Bel Air.
darity,. i4 expensive to build, and ,i .. t which Bishop L. H. Ford is While here, he was lodeil a,
difficult to adequately maintain. ,.."ie State Bishop. the Martissant resident nomc of
As one explores Port-au-Prince His trip which includes Haiti, the Congregation. Befoice lea-
and .!: environs today, he sees .he Dominican Republic, Jamai- ving the Bishop expressed his
endless new homes being built, a ?a and Cuba, s for the purpose delight with the natural beau-
kind of home relatively new to of expanding the missionary ac- ties of the country, and his
the atlian city. ,ivities of his organization. satisfaction with the aid being
It is small in comparison to the The Haitian branch' includes given the underprivileged by
mansion in the picture, but very an orphanage directed by Sipter the cChurch of God In Christ:)
large In contrast.to the peasants' Dorothy Webster an American He revealed that upon his re-
thatched roof hut congener of Chicago, who open- turn to the U.S. he intends to
it is built of stucco rather than ed the activities of the nissio- recommend even further assis-
wood and it is very close to its tance, through his establish-

bling, spaciousness so characteris- smae homes in Haiti. Are replacing magnificent, L. S. St. Just who accomparied
tude of the bigger, holder. habouse HesaleAomsITI'S rerpain aniiet PARICPA IO StIusepiecmane

ticoil the older homes. It has bou old estates, like this recently renovated one in Pacot secion Haiti's souvenir shops and ma- the visitor on a courtesy visit to
gain t inaewandh icu racing o cty, as more Haitians can afford to build 'own hoines and Inufacturers of mahogany and sisal the cSun..
nthe wei ut noe t in an mn h r own property. articles are being given the oppor
te alsbuno no unIN. SPI t, ata retl~igiou leade r, Bishopi~

Stunity of winning further interna- TOURISM: THE BIG PICTURE
Prbfeision. .-
spro.fusnwtion. i be called a step in the right direc- IVery few people have enough tional recognition this year. The EDITOR'S NOTE: It is very
In short, the new Haiti home tion. The self respect inherent in money to keep such estates in 27th International Convention of gratifying to learn that the
can not be compared at all to the ovnershrp is an invaluable and good condition, while vast num- the ASTA which meets this year Shopping Association has finally
late 19lh century, early 20th cen- irreplacable asset to a man hbers of ..middle class- hdve, for in Madrid,. is furnishing the excel joined together so that under
tury home above. It' is a new inno IIthprosdMntyofTu
nation. not peculiar to Haiti, but Since the end of World War II, the first time., enough money to lent occasion the proposed Ministry of Tou-
ration not peculiar Hai, uthe United States has seen per- move from a crowded apartment All the organizations of travel rism as outlined in the article
typical of most countries through haps more of this kind of buil-I to a plot c land with grass. agencies and tourism of the world on page 12. their elected mem-
out. the world. ece ors
out the new homes are a result of ding than anywhere else in the Though aesthetically, much is will participate in a Convention to her would be the first one to
The new homes ar a result world. Big 20-30 room estates, lost, as in Haiti, many people are be held this coming October, with qualify for a full vote.
more people making enough built on mniany-acred lots. maintain liing more comfortable And per- the view of a better coordination -- .--.....--
money to build a respectable, at- ed by staffs of ten or so servants haps as the country's economy im of travel and exchange
iractive home. For not only do
tractive home. For not only do are being torn down every day, proves, those who are building The Congress will feature a Unfurnished House
mot men not want to livein squa the land to be broken up into! small, nice houses today may one grand artistic and handicraft expo Wanted
lor, in tiny, overcrowded quar- smaller lots for much smaller day build a house with the inhe- sitwon of member countries for the L` Dini
lers. but, as important, every man houses. rent feeling of power, grace and ptrnose of increasing apprecia- Livl1g roo Dining room
has pride in ownership, particular -l- -- leisurely living the one in the pic ,ion ot their respective national Three Bed rdoms
ly in something nice he has been ure offers. cottage industries. Two bath roomn-s
able to buy withmoney he ha U.S. Newsmen On the other hand, it is the spi Be-sides the exhibition of mahog If possible hot-cold water
ea ed. .S ewsmenit of the people in the house. not any and sisal- articles made in Location ,- Petionville with
A Here For the structure of the house, its.lf. Haiti. there is also to be an expo .
AIL over the world, money is er1C rl . ,,,h gives life and real teehrng siicn at Haitian paintings b.a the Itnlce View a. Botbdon al-
being more evenly distributed. As Elections to it Centre d'Art and the Foyer des -vhere it is cool.
more men are educated and are Arts P 35 -32
,l!-- t o doa i.,hwhh i we.l..l I. HPrP for the elections are the. Arts Plastiques. I Apll .3451 3200


PA .1

Community Weekly Published Sunday Morning


11 JL d. jLxjI.lkll" a aA A A.... a a...- J - ..
Lacking a strict copyright and the means of launching fa-
mous Haitian tunes in the United States, American music
makes are using our music under new names and lyrics.
With Caribbean songs and tunes breaking into U.S. hit pa-
rades and top tune lists, the hijacking of Haitian music has
soared out of proportion to the credit Haiti is receiving.
The best example of taking a Haitian tune and substituting
new lyrics is evident in what has happened to Haiti's beloved
song, KChoucounen, famous for 70 years since Poet Oswald
Durand and Musician Moliard'Montant composed the words
and music.
Harry Belafonte's album, eBelafonte'Sings of the Ca-
ribbean)), has a song ,Dont' Ever Love Me), which is unmis-
takably ,Choucoune. In addition, the Norman Luboff Choir's
album; ,Calypso Holiday), includes a song entitled ,Yellow
Bird" which also is certainly ((houcoune))
It is time that credit"was given where credit is -due, espe-
cially where Haitian culture is concerned, Some kind of con-
trol should, for the best interests of ,advertising)) our art, be
placed on songs borrowed frpm Haiti by foreign musicians.

In this, the first issue of the Haiti Sun's eighth.year, we
'want to thank the many readers -and friends who sent their'
best wishes on our seventh birthday.
We regret that space prohijiits us from reprinting the uume

rj&tNn If

u fr -au--ir ii=ri .
September 18, 0157

Dear Mr. Dicederich : j
- Allow me to e:-ten'l to you w
and your assistants my very
best wishes onu the occ;a-sihm of
the eighth aunive:-ary o; your
valuable weekly HAITI SUN. '
The impartial tone of your pu. l
blication. its- clean. appearanret '
and its wealth of information
give it a quality, that manyI
newspapers even out-;c,- ,-:: ,
Haiti would be proud ta ];c- '
3ess. .
The Canadian Embassy Iha.L '. .'
always received from you and '
your staff excellent co opera- '
tion and we are pleased to join -
the rest of your friends in
wishing you success in your veui- -
ture and the best of lucl
Yours sincerely. ,
(s) Fulgence Charpentipr
Charge d'A.ffuire.;, a.i.

rous notes of congratulations and encoriragenient received Ambassade du Canada.
during the, week.
At the same time, we wapt to repeat our hopes and aims
for the~coming years as described in last week's anniversary And Agin I.1
editorial to adequately and fairly report local news, 'editorial- And Again! vi *i "
ize only when we feel it is for the best interest of the country; An n' t
to continue to report and promote tourist programs and acti- .,- '. 1
cities sa as to continually advance this country's biggest (bus September 17. 1957 P
, iness;: to maintain a free newspaper, not indebted to anyone; Dear 111:. Diederich I
and generally, to be 'a public service it helping the -Haitian I could not allow this day of C A P..
citizen as much as possible, at such times as he needs it most. September thto pass without o ..... .." J

As election day dawns for every Haitian citizen bver the age of 21. .
there is little that is new for the -SUN, toreport. The country's news
papers and, radio -stations have reported almost every move of the i R
three candidates for President.
certainly the country's voters, if they have had a chance
,at all to see the papers, listen to the radio and or attend any
campaign rallies where the candidates themselves or respond
sible representatives have spoken. should have achieved ani
understanding of not only what each candidate's election
would mean, to the country, but what the actual holding of a -
,,free), election implies.
Hopefully, by the time the voter goes to the polls to mark
his ballot, he will live decided which candidate he will vote to
'for both on the bass of what a particular candidate promises H |
and the degree of honesty and integrity of that candidate.
It Is hoped that the voter's decision will not be made illo-
gicallyoi. emotionally at the last minute on the basis of his
mood today, the last person he',has discussed the situation JOSEPH NADAL and Co. DISTRIBUTEUlS
with or the last candidate to visit his area. E AD and '. IIB } ,'
a nlthedqh voting in this manner occurs in every country
ii"a he world where elections are free, morally, it can only 1 C US I E H".
be a discredit to the-country and the system. In addition, the --
voter hli ano legitimate recourse if the -ensuing presidential
inekmbept doges not satisfy the majority of the'voter's desires. AYTIAN AMERICAN SUGAR OMA
And 'so on a, day which, if carried through calmly and res- S I AEI(A S U COA
ponsibly; may be recorded in Haitian history as-a momentous
occasion for the. furtherance of the democratic ideal, we can A.
only urge every eligible voterto go to the polls, to mark his )
ballot according to his most honest and rational thinking,, j Aur i Cait ,0 )
and then, once a president is proclaimed by the maiori. f CAuthorized Capital S.2,00()0 o
voters, to support the aims of that man. if they are for the
best interests of the cottntrv. P r et
Likewise. our advice to the candidate that win, the ,lee- Port-au-Prince, Haiti
tion to become the first president of Haiti elected by univer-E -e
sal suffrage. is that we hove his preelection promises to the ,
Haitian people will b, swiftly and efficiently carried out. that k West Indies
both government and civilian jobs will be given out on the W(t
basis of merit rather than personal frWendship or finaneri ,a
or personal indebtedness and that the Haitian man and his
way of life will be foremost in his mind. Our cotntrv is poor Planters and ManufacturersZj
and sorely in need of economic and social improvements.
We can wait only so long for such advances to be ,uade .
Today, then, iN the time when the future of oure-roud lnde- c( c ITr HASCO
oendent country can be shaped in a democratic fashion by .
both the man elected president and the peonle1 who elect = 4
him. If we or the next president fail to sieze this opu etunty-, REFINED SUGAR HASCO CRYSTALS
to take the road of Positive action. our country haM, indecSC
a dim fut-re. As an independent newspaper. we urge YOU to (-
tuse this glorious and free wV of determining the future of. SEMI REFINED SUGAR -POPULATRE
ft is hoped that the cry heard throughout the past week that the EN RG DIL
elections have bccn -rigged, to' favor one candidate over the other SUGAR.. anf
two is unfounded and that the country's third attempt To have ;free, UGA ..a E E G VI IJTI
elections results in ,fair play. and a display of universal =uffrae the
country can be proud of.


I ,
HAITI SUN SUNDAY September 22th 19L. II

,eizin.g the occasion of rejoicing '(SUDn as the luminary of Po.:
^' fli with you on the new landmzrKa ad-Princien Sundays.
achieved by the t'Haiti S..;n, (s) Fortuna Guery. 2!
and its contribution to the Prce;s
of Haiti.
Congratulations! 3 1 I
extend to you and to vour devil-
CONGRATS ted collaborators, my best M
hes for the continuance of ih ,.

SUNDAY September 22th 1957

Midwestern Travel Agents Here in October

IN CARREFOUR DUFORT HOUMFORT; Tweny lop travel agents are go area They will be given achan
being enticed by Sterling Laville. ce to see Haiti a saleable pro-
EDITOR'S NOTE. Soc-.ologist James G. Leyburn in his Iabove the houmfort, its roots Delta Air Lines Manager to visit duct to Midwest Tourists who
book, cThe Haitian Pdople', describes the Voodoo priest, or stretching under it. This tree is Haiti at the end of October. want sun and something -diffe-
houngan, in Haiti as follows: The houngan attains his position symbolic on Voodoo, for years ago The travel tours executives who rent..
because ,the people in the community simply recognize grow before houmforts come into exJ s- are falling in line with Mr. La- Manager Laville returned Sun-
;- expertness. The more effective and capable a honngan, tence. the peasants worshipped ville's dynamic efforts ari among day from a Company mission in
the greater his prestige and the wider his reputatioy.i under the Mabou trees in which ihe most productive in the Chica- the Dominican Republic.
Snakes were commonly found.
------ --: ...._. _.. .. r -.. .. *.. _I And [he snake, of course, in Voo .

i nThere s np nierarcNiv norl i
her. t(No hol' robes adorn the
sionally wear certain colors or
Most arc simple peasants, wort
perform a ritual, an offering

The priest is much more lilik
than the Catholic priest, possi
loa to cure illnesses caused uei
enemies or by a loa; they are
ness sent by the Christian God
avert misfortune whose orij
of their -highly important fun
ture... To see into the future
possessed by the loaa.

ontro o one priest over anloto rh" i- Dm a tbo
: -- .. religion is Dambala. toueht

oticiants, althnougn inthey occa-
ornaments to please the loa,.
king in the fields. When they
is taken to recompense their

ie the primitive medicine man
essing power through certain
their by adverse magic of one's
not able, however, to cure sick
. Likewise they can remedy or
gin is magic or the loa. One
nictions is foretelling the fu-
effectively, the priest must be

In a large, unadorned, earthen- H laitian Doctors and Priest
floored hut, in the shade of a Ma-
bout tree, (front page) on the road It was very quiet. The women
south of Carefour Dufort lies Ti spoke softly and sympathetically.
Cousin, Haitias most famous Voo- The sick man uttered only a few
doo priest, plagued with a disease words each one seeming more dif-
that has kept the 84-year old ficult, his eyes hardly opening
houngan in bed for four years. I and his unwrinkled, clean-shavent
For years, a household name in face almost empty of expression. '
Haitian religion, Ti Cousin's earth' And yet, he displayed a majestfv
ly life of service to the people unusual in a man so sick.
directly benefitting from his ser- His hand passing across his face
vices and the thousands who have occasionally was h'is only move-
revered his name only, may one meant in the still, sick body. He
day soon come to an end. When it has the appearance of desperate
does, Haiti will have lost one of Iy trying to maintian a pride in
its most dignified and influential himself as an individual despite
personnages. the disease crippling his body.
Ti Cousin knows that death is
coming. In fact ten years ago he He has closely cropped gray
built two large, attractive tombs, hair and a small mustache. The
one of which is pictured above only outward defect in his
He has ordered his coffin from body are missing teeth and swoll
Miami. And so a famous.j Haitian en ankles. I
lies, virtually alone and diseased.' The lady on the mat by the
door did most of the talking, -ex I
Hounm an Has Cornuminitv1 plaining that Ti Cousin had been!
IRespect tthe hospital several times,, to
R t both the Francois des Sales hispital
Although Ti Cousin's years of and the Albert Schweitzer hospi-
active service to the Voodoo reli-'tal where he stayed eight days.
gion came to a halt ten years ago Portau.Prince doctors George Mc-
when he renounced his Voodoo' telus and Gerard Gros, have both
priesthood in conforming with the visited him. He wanted to go to
old 'Catholic; Church, oath, he is New York but was unable to make
today honored and respected in *the trip.
lIs community.
Neighbors pointed reverently to Neat Yard,
the houmfort where he lay. when Mabou Tree Outside
your correspondent visited him.,
explaining that Ti Cousin was In their well-kept yard around
'tres malade.. Still we gained en- the hounifort, are pretty house,
trance o10 the hut, watched over several large sell. half-shper.es
by an elderly lady at the front used in his ,moulin. for syrup
door. Inside a close relative lay on and a shed for his black, recent
a mat and two eldery women sat model Buick, used now to call
on a wooden bench by the camp for the doctor. Frequently, Ti Cou
cot bearing the tall, stately-look sin is moved from one house to
ing man. Colorful materials cover another.
ed his body. The room was imtna- The giant Mabou tree, perhaps
eulately clean, the largest in Haiti, towers far

by some to be the most important.
Voodoo god. He is the bringer of
rain for either good crops or de-
sr lating floods, though hlie is not
evil like Satan in the Christian
Little is known of Ti Cousin's I
family life, but two sons have
now died, the last in January at
the age of 60. It was this one .%ho
cared so diligently for his father.
The priest has at least six grand

Hougan Helps His people

In the context of the Voodoo
religion, the priest has a real role
to play, conducting rituals, offer-I
ing sacrifices and giving entertain
ment for specific needs of his peo
pie. From these efforts and his
sugar moulin.,he has been able
to accumulate more than suffi-
cient finances to maintain him-
self and his family.
No one knows how long Ti Cou
sin will live, but until his- death,
and long after, his name and his
influence will live long in the
Haitian mind. And when he leaves
this world it will be with the
same dignity that he has lived his
life and that he is 'suffering his
sickness today'



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you into the gay, romantic atmosphere
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Only 90 minutes from Port-au-Prince
to Santiago de Cuba by CUBANA! __S_

For information and reservations' see your
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Airways, Rue Dantes Destouches, hione 3451
.. .. ... ^ .

londays, Wednesdays, Fridays, at 1:25 p..... '

W ONLY $25N\
_ r o--- -,$ 2 5 F '




'SUNiAY September th.i
' SUNDAY September 22thj 1957|





As these lines are being penned, we do not know who will hand, and because the under-
be the next President of Haiti. Since all the Candidates are nourished and harried Bureau of
pledged to see return to cbusiness-as-usualn, we are sure that Tourism is by its very organiza-
the (cbusiness-as-usual)) of the tourist industry will receive its tion unable to do more than
first and most earnest attention. There is no other (erop) operate on the lower level of
which can so reasonably provide the necessary quick dollar Sales Ianagement.
exchange. General Management is minis-
However, to produce $10 mil- a Member, or in Jamaica, ad- terial-level work, and when we.
lion dollars in fiscal 1958 is going dressing a meeting of the Tol- consider M. Noustas own Gene-
to be no easy task, and will re- rist Development Board, would ral Management, we will see
quire considerable talent, inven- have been followed by action,. how different it is from Sales
tiveness and ingenuity. It is per- For be would have been addres- Management, its subordinate
fectly obvious, considering the sing not only a group of indii- function.
disorganized state of the Industry duals, but an effective organi-a-
itself, that is what needed is a tion capable of taking action on EFFECTIVE BUSINESS
Czar with broad powers to take many levels. ORGANIZATION
not only corrective, but creative In Haiti, there simply is no
action, such organization; and the sad Evclution takes place in busi-
SIt is the purpose of this arti- fact is that he had to address it ness through the balanced inte-
cle to suggest the simplest and to a very general group, not d,- ration of an Idea, and the Exe-
most effective manner in Which voted so much to organized ac cution and Reflection of that
the President can insure the best tion as to discussion. This is a idea.
results in the shortest time. very worthy aim, but M. Nous This is very fancy language
It begins with the creation of a tas' problems are not their pro- for a very commonplace opera-
Ministry' of Tourism and the ap- lems and much as they might tion. M. Noustas has the (ddea)
pointment, as Minister, of the have applauded what he had to to create a truly modern depart-
most capable and far-seeing indi- say, Haiti needs action, not ap- meant store in Haiti.- He Execu-
vidual who can be found. For pause. tes" the Idea. He Refleetsn
what is. necessary for the Tourist It must have been a very upon the results and feedses
Industry is no less than a come. frustrating thought to M. Nous- back)) into the central Idea such
tent General Management, tas, as he ploughed his way corrective or constructive or
through all those cwes and creative information as is neces-
NOUSTA1S SPEECH ON MANAGEMENT been a most active member, or Ithe Idea. Thus, la Belle Creole
ganizationally speaking, of ever is constantly in evolution, which
M. Elias Noustas, our respected trade group within the tourist is an absolute condition for
friend ond owner of La Belle Industry; and yet despite his growth.
Creole, made an excellent speech best efforts, they have all either Within whar we may call the
before the International Club of disappeared or straggled on in "General Management Cycle>,
Commerce recently. It was repor- an emasculated, impotent form. other similar cyclical operations
4. .,.r11 *f .. ..i-f- -I. -_ _..."- . . .. - -

gral cyclical operations, depen- the President, Executed by, and .
ding upon the size of the busi- Reflected upon by, the MinisterWii
ness Lp their relative separate- reporting to the 'President ina,
ness dut when one comes to such a way as to insure cont.;w
think of it, the successful bouti- nual evolution of the centratgI
que-operator exhibits loe same Idea. .
mastery of this Trinitarian prin- R) The organization of the ij.St
Iciple as does the Chairman of nistry kould consist of: '
the Bpard of Ford Motors; which I a) The DEPUTY MINISTER,
I leads us to believe that General also entitled the. Director of
Management for Tourism in Tourism. charged with the fone.-
Haiti must follow suit. tioning of the Ministerial machi..
I nery;
FOR TOURISM charged with carrying out the
policy and plans of the Ministry,.
There is no space, in this ar- and
tidcle, to discuss in detail how c) The CHIEF OF PLAN.
thi -IaTinicstrtn f Tonurism shouli-l TNING r akarpaA w.ith 4L.p i..1__

be organized so as to match, in
relative effectiveness, the sue-
v n~fc t Ili nwni yr\F tf ia hr-niit:

illLlu. eiiagie YwimU 1VUIn anlyslils
'of results the proper use of rji- .
search and the recommendation

1-ui ILit Ul' lil Uo Lhner i Jn" Uo I IJI si r u llal ct[I o nLEUU.
que, the Director of the Museum 3) The EXECUTIVE COUN.
of Modern Art in New York, the CIL would consist of the Minis-
Hawaiian Visitor's Bureau: how- ter, his. Deputy and his two
ever, the outline may be presen- Chiefs, plus five honorary Mem-
ted as follows : bers chosen by the Minister
'1) THE GENERAL MANAGE- from the Tourist 'Industry, re-
RIAL CYCLE would consist of presenting each of the fivh'e Ser-
Plans generated upon the Minis- vice Industries. These latter
trial level, with the approval of (Continued on page 11)

___ P!k

~m ~izWI*Kr-

eU in mi ull in i Lnese pages asJUt in tue past six years, the ja- are functioning. The Sales lIa-
week. It is important to consider maican Tourist Development nagement Cycle*, operates upon
the speech carefully and in some Board has evolved into an effec- a lower, but much more specia-
detail, for in it lies the proof of tire, smoothly-functioning opera- lized level.
the need for a Minister of Tou- tion combining the best efforts Whereas General Management
rism, a General Manager. of government and business, may be greared to a monthly or
The speech was sincere, earnest with excellent results, quarterly evolutionary cycle,
and enlightened. But its real si- In the same six years, we have this one is geared to a daily or
gnificance lies in an understand- not only not created even the at most a weekly cycle. Daily
ing of M. Noustas on the one beginnings of such a group, but sales results are added up and
hand, and his business organiza- all semblance of cooperation analyzed, and these facts are a
tion on the other, within naturally cooperative continual check upon. the effec-!
We noted that he used the branches of the Industry has tiveness of the central Sales
words twe., tours and cust a disappeared. Idea, and an intermittent check I
total of 74 times. It is, then, the Tourism therefore needs Ge- upon the effectiveness of the
kind of speech that in the Uni- neral Management because the central General Management
ted States, in addressing a Tra- Industry has been unable to de- Idea.
de Association of which he. was velop cooperation on the one There are other similar inte-



SAVE YOU 33-1/3 0/0 60 0/0,


Patek Philipre
Ulysse Nardin






Hand-loomed Rugs
& Fabrics
Voodoo-inspired Jewelry
Records & Books
Sports Shirts


Minton, Spode
Coalport, Wedgwood
'P I 'Vo Worcester
Roval Crowvn Derby
Royal Doulton
Royal Copenhagen
r otnth;l, Irimoges


Georg Jensen


Kislav Gloves
Hand-beaded & Petit'
Point Bags

Orlanc's Celee Rovale

Complete Selections of FRENCH PARFU.MS




A e


Cap Haitien Is Rich In Tourist ISTIMULANT
Appeal But TO PLANTS

The Tourist Industry in an in- r Many have realized the worth By Science Senrvic
,dustry that concerns the entire na of Cap-Haitien to the Tourist In-I
tion. dustry arid built hotels and arrang WASHINGTON The growth-
The visit ol a tourist to Port-au- ed facilities for the visitors. but promoting substances of coconut
Prince can effect the economic all in vain. milk one of the most powerful
life of a peasant in Saltrou The COHATA Air line has an plant growth stimulants discover-
The -racine, of this industry e:.cursion that lakes the visitors ed in recent years have been
spread far afield but because of to the Citadelle and rushes them isolated and extracted from whole
shortsightednos the tree itself back the same day. coconut milk
has bad iLt.grov.th stunted. The Cap has an airport but not j Dr. Frederick C Steward of Cor
The example is Cap-Haitien. Un an international one so fewv visi- nell University. Ithaca, N.Y.. and
deniably, the most important port- tors. who Leave home in the Unit Dr Edgar M Shantz. formerly of
of-cal! on a tourist visit should e', State with the full intention cornell and now with the Sluan-
be'Cap-Haitien because it is rich ,)i Miiting Cap-Haitien e\er get i RetE-ring Foundation, report the-
and alive today in historical mo- there They are encouraged to se extracts, together with casein
numrents ot yesterday. i.- in Port-au-Prince hydrolyiate, can provide the
Growth punch tor some plants
equal to that of "hole coconut
kIn eal'her experiments at Cor-
nell the seientists accidentally dis
covered %er, tiny pieces ct carrot
root increased several hundred
time- in size when ininmersec in
FIE CRAVE ocontlt milk.
'FIRE CAR PERSONAL T0Four substances have been iso-
lated, which %hein tested in the
pre-ence of casein hydrolysate.
cause -a striking increase, by cell
division in some plants. notably
the carrot root. the researchers

i.Passepger PACKARD Sedan.
ELxcellent car for Tourist Tra-

PRICE S 1200.00.
Can be seen at MIAISON AN


Packard four door sedan. Good
Condition. May be seen at Hotel
Sin Souci, daily from 5 to 7 P.M.
A'sk for Mr Onofnro.
I __ _ __ _ _ ;

Joseph Nadal &

Best in Cap Haitien Hostellerie du

cxoi eCristopke

A French Quarter in the Caribbean

The Hostellerie with a colonial architecture and historic background offers a mag-
nificent holiday ofsun and entertainment. The only hotel in Cap Haitien with s" im-
ruing pool, tennis, tropical park, night club, souvenir shop and French cuisine.
Fascinating excursions to Sans Souci Palace and the Citadelle of King Christophe.
Easy to reach from Port-au-Prince,40 min. by air, 5
hrs. by car. Write or cable for information, reservations.

Se Dr. Goldenberg
Petion Ville
... ., .. .

-Ilii^ ~-I..

Polio Va04cination

for your small child
j Vaccination of other children
doesn't protect your child
_ Every member of yottr family
SCo. up io 410 years old should be
vaccinated against paralytic
/ polio
.1~ .. merican Medicc.I Assocation-
I Am orican .\Acadiny O.; Pc.l. trics
* I Amnercan Academy
SI Of General Practice

The Salk, Vaccine is safe""'
S301 East 42nd Street. New York,
17. N.'Y.


i 1.2 VOLTS


Jtostlelle'ie f l k0;fristopfle

Views of the Roi Christophes tropical garden, alttrac- Cap Haitien, Haiti Cable: Christophel
tive French provincial dining room. and modern pool. Represented fi U. 5. by UTELLA As:sa.ates. Essex House, N. Y. 19, N.Y.
Chamber of Commerce Bldg. Miami. Fla., 55 E. Washington St. Chicago, III.

S 30.00



Casii-v.'ith o!d lballcry
Garage Service d'Hygiene

I in front of

PAGE 8 d)Ji U


B F~iiI
-' I~


afue u Qua;.

Which has the best imports troin all the coroirs of the world. You can save up to 6C%
frnm U.S. prices with your duty free allow nee ol $200. over 48 hours and $500 over
12 days outside U.S.A. Fisher's will be a realshopper's paradise. Not only frh'ee port prices
but modest, mark-up, because everything isconcentrated in one large building. Axre your
biggest assets in .buying at Fisher's.



Fisher's. the American's lavirite shop whe]
11 prices are clearly marked on every item.
Where a well-trained and courteous staff 1
help you to sole your shopping problems.
Where checks and Iorcirin banknotes are aeee
ted. and your purchases shipped. We will glad
give you free inlornmation about U.S. customs r
gulations and shipping costs.

Guerlain Liberty of London Fabrics
Boulton and PorriLn. Gloves llawick /
Scotland Cashmire Sweaters Lubin
Balumdin Weil Knize Griffe Perfumes
Iapoleon Godet Louis De Saligu-ac Cognacs
'Iarqis I)e Montesquieu Armagnac -- De Kuyper
Liqueurs Aalbor Aquavit Danish Poree-
lains and Silver Spalding of England
Liqueurs Brandies--
Art Porcelains
Royal Copenhagen
Bing & Groendahi
Royal Vienna Augart,'=
Coa Iport ena n
Laliq IIe aud bohemian Cors
t a!% -,!re
Marcel Frank .\tomizers
Sm. iss Watches
French Pipes

"- i l\ R C.'RVINGS
Native Jewelry
Sisal Shoes Bags
TortoiseShell JeC ilr,



llailian Vi thidirniirNt ',I-Ser BlouCIIses skirts
- men'- lhirts Cuban Guiavialoi;a Shirts -
Italian Silk lcarinss S, i l Handkerchiefs -
":liale I.i'il" l'.adct! r;ig< Petit-point Bags
- Cash'liL. S.wrater' Perrin O.I'es Liber-
ty Goods.

Manu-gany quality goods fro'n oui own workshops
Sisal and Straw goods -- Vodoo Drums Dolls Hai*
;ecrrds Books Filnm Place Mate

,,1ATll SSUN*

SL'UNDAY S eptemfer 22th 1957



Thb- chvmic Haitian meringue he see-" gifts from all over th'
boun(-Ing through the air doesn't world. He couldn't like it more
give rise to thoughts of Jingle I'f ,u rc' caretul to follow his
B3Els. or make one think of shopping spree you'll see himn

Christmas trees and holly berry.
or let one all but taste and
smell a steaming plum pudding
. but still the holiday that's
everyone's favorite isn't so very
far away. We're used to coun-
ting ,-hopping days until, andl
in many' newspapers in the Sta-
tes rhe.-e's a daily figure who
reminds you how many you
,have left. He's already made hi-,
annua' appearance so let me
remind von here that although
the sun and air isn't conducive
to nmuastering the old Christma's
spirit? the calendar says it's time
to think about such things -
for believe it or not you've only
77 shopping days until the big
day. and discounting those last
hurried fe%( when you do mor"
bustling than shopping, let's
-omund it out to 75. Closer than
ydu thought? I wouldn't be sur-

All ._, 'Ilnch brings 'you to the
point *'f Ctiristmas-y thoughts.
And trifle sr no ren._in you won't
find it :in \'hen you think over
the ,.iol: panorama of things
to ch.hoos trom here in Haiti,
erpc-,,ially at La Belle Cr6ole.
Once y*ou saunter through the
various, department, you'll find
intz:.estiiig girt ideas popping up
at Y,,Lu from all sides. And then
you II know why Santa's doing
hi- :-hoppinzj in Haiti this yeai.
\Vh,, tie red-nosed, rotund gent
lerran ".',il nn-ho with glee when

stop at the crystal counter and
choose an assortment of lovely
hand cut things to take back to
the North Pole tor tinnl Christ-
mas bows and stars lie ean'"
pass the imported jewelry dts.
play without tucking a few choi-
ce gifts in his ever bulging
sacks. And trle cilection ut
Danish silver will just make his
cyes twinkle I imagine too that
hlie won't miss a special plate or
two for a home-conscious lad''
on his list. and some ot th. I
choicest Royal Doulton figurines
v.ill cause sonime oh-ing and all-
.ing: on Christmas morn when I
they're discovered under a" tree

Yes. the gentleman and his
reindeer will have a time for
themselves. shopping in Haiti tto
tell the honest truth, the rein-
deer will no doubt do less hop-
ping and more eating) This Will
be a trip they won't soon forget.
And that's just how you're
bound to feel once you stayt
your Christniasshopping at La
Belle Creole. *

Avenue Marie JeanieC
Cite de I'Exposition.
Port au Prince, (Haiti

fl flMeE DM La *In
1r ,:To'V T- lr L-- tt Jk -a I r"B
.>OMN A.JL U Sn. LnT.:

be good .,."i ',

J ,Wue Walker must be good, to reM.Win .I i, n
forefnt of Scotch Whiskies for over 130 :, ar ^-
Sjtmust be good to pass the scrutiny of JdisL. llhrs ,
wktf over 130 years experience behind them.: S,"

Try ft today-you'll agree it's good 4 i


SVHERE? Right on your farm!
How many extra acres would you
have if you could smooth off that
gully. clear out the fence row...'
move thos-e rocks 'doze offbrush
and trees? What about a ditch to
drain the land ... a pond for irri-Id
gation or stock watering? Figure
how much more money you'd make
each year . how much more satis-
fying your farm would be ... how
much better you'd farm .. how 4
much more valuable your farm"
would be .if you could do all
these things
It's as good as done when you own
a Cat'" Diesel Farm Tractor! .
At low cost. using your own farm '
power your own help, and your spare ,

y. .~ _
", Yes, sir, that same Cats Diesel
Tractor that will help you plow,
disk, harrow, or pick up to 60%
more than a wheel tractor of similar'
horsepower ... that same Cat Die-
sel Tractor that works through the
slick, low spots where wheels bog
down... that same Cat Diesel Trac-
tor will do all these extra jobs for
you! We'll gladly prove every word
with a demonstration on your farm.

tinme.. you cani do jall these inha ..---S .- . .-.
Haitian Tractor Equiplmei Cla. "agfor Crops," mail couo.
Ha n T o ,'I farm--cr es with._._aeres of crop Iand,;...._.___cmn
la. I have the following tracLor |'
Co. S. A. Maurice Bonne i h" wta.
SI" 1 3 0 Check here if you want a repreeenLitve i2c (.al) a.d
Manager Chancerelles 1 arrnga
1iI n*

(TeI. 26----
(Tel. 2G3D Address-

S; Your, De ale City-._ .. sCity
S'" -" - -- -------------.---- -- j
--'?^ ^ ^' .7' _. ;' -. '_" ,a ." .:_.. ^ ^ ? ."- ,' ",.".. ... .. .... ,.C^


urn A

_y 23


pout apptecliet 10 deliceux csat e

&a le G Ji eac

r .r-- *--'-. r- -.'. ,(i 44 T."4-

p - "& i, -- r,4 4 .
H ST choice in gas and oil...

AN : i- J. Y
..., B l iiL^ H |- . _** .- ....*--

word in'dealer service...
L '* .
[ .~~~ i--------------------- -^ -,', .
-, ,"- Sfi 1- '^ .

; i .' '/ s 1 -. <* . ';, *"' "
J-i ------------

,k ,* - bu ysur L--sf
...,, . ... ^ ,1111,1 ....i i ii^.i 7 = -. ,. ;3'

4 '" '
,, ' .'y l' i.
\ -.,.., *' , _'' ' ._*
'i eighfST, IAST AND WAYS .
.00,.... ,


rV. 4''-


I, t'*l

9- 9

.- W. - - .- - ... .. ..

Soyez comme une rein8 O SON palms oav< emervoe-iaeutrmne. aubomotique modern

*i 'I R P FGAS 6 encastre, dons le mur

t -_. L_ 1

Rechauij, I)K'.. a ,nre
Otl '. recIdaud artO-'

Four Econaomatic. Le
pendule contr6le auco-
matiquement le temps
de CLIisson.

k ------

Une Pompe a ir frais,
Proctege Ie visage con.
ire la cha.IeLir qu i se d6
gage d taout,

Trois rtch'iuds en tin.
Grandc fIla.mmen pour
future rapide Flamme
mo,'venne PoLiI ebulli-
tion concr6Ile. Basse
temper.:iture i .-iin tien
lesI m i .. chaud, .an; les
faire cure davantage.

II y un four, TROPI04Q
a la portoo do rhaquo bourgo


Voye ,ote.- distrlbuteu% TFrOPIGAS
-- *l alVi w.a[.*i ,, i -- Si, Si n -,I

SUNDAY September 22th 1957 TP


(Continued from page G) I

would not have a vote in setting Tourism toward these facilities General Management can sol-
policy until within each branch may be disclosed by comparing ve the problem of payment for
of the Industry an effective or- page 34, and pages 61 and 62 of such facilities by :
ganization, capable of assisting the new Tourist Guide. The at 1) Insuring that all Govern-
in a practical fashion the accom- titude of thle hotels can be dis- ment advertising stress these
plishment of the national pro- closed by reading their brochu facilities,
gram, had developed and had res : Cabane Choucoune is men- 2i -'Requesting, that all hotels
elected a representative fully tioned in almost all of them, the mention the facilities in ,their
qualified to speak for that In- International Country Club and brochures.
dustry in its entirety, and with its facilities not once.
out reversation. Only General Management 3) Establishing a common,
Until the Service Industries can correct this situation, insu- lowered taxi rate to and from
had thus qualified, by demons- ring that we actually advertise the Club from all P6tion-Ville
rating in practical fact not only the assets we posess to the end and all Port-au-Prince hotels, in
their intentions, but their abili- that they will be popular en- order that the transportation
ties, to contribute concretely to ough to be profitable and so charge is not two to four times
the common good, their r6le evolve upward in excellence, the guest fee, as sometimes hap.
would be limited to that of ob- For either these facilities must pens at present
serving the proceedings of the be provided by private enter-
Council in open sessions. Natu- prise, with a consequent profit. Thus, General Management,
rally, Executive sessions of the or by Government and Industry by establishing favorable balan
Council would be closed to Ho- subsidy. Either M. Noustas will ce sheets at the Club, will en
norary Members- pay for them'or the customer courage other foreigners to
This fundamentally sound will pay for them: which shall bring capital into the country
foundation, on ce established, it be ? To build new facilities and provide the other facilities
might be counters upon to fanc- equivalent to those we already we need. Plans exist at .the Club
tion fairly successful even in have there, would be not only to build an artificial beach, plus
the complete and total absence impossible, at the moment, but boating, sailing, water-sports
of cooperation upon the part of highly suspect, and other facilities, and General
the various Service Industries.
Since Ministers have the res- --7- -- s s
ponsibility of speaking for, and W".. -
representing, the President, it is 7. ".-... '..,, ' '
easy to predict that each Branch.u '" .' "...'., t1 ' '" '
of the Service Industries would

with alacrity organize and, thus
provided with a profit motive,
elect a representative for the
Executive Council who could
qualify to speak for them.
Again, this system Would insure
that human nature would work
for, instead of against, the com-
mon purpose, as at present.


All of the defects and defir
ciencies of whith M. Noustas
has spoken can be corrected
only by a strong General Mana-
gement, concerned not with the
success of favored individuals,
but with the success of Haitian
Tourism as a whole.
M. Noustas has ably instruc-
ted us albeit indirectly, upon
the matter of the workings of
General Management as supe-
rior in intelligence to, and pre-
Scedential in order to, Sales Ma-
nagement. His exceedingly intel-
ligent promotion of the Rue de
Bonne Foi as the &Tourist Shop-
Ping Streeta of Haiti is an ex-
Scellent example of what we
might call enlightened self-in-
teresta on the General Manage-
rial level of thinking.
Similarly his idea for establis-
Shing Haiti as the 4.Shopping
SCenter of the Caribbean' is ex
cellent. There is no doubt that
it will benefit his bitterest ene-
mies, but he is not afraid to
match wits with them on the
Sales Management level, once
Haiti is so established. He
knows, with a clarity unusual
upon t'le contemporary' seen?
that what it good for IHaiti is
good for La Be1ll Creole.

The speech had one seriou-
defect. In speaking of the need
for *new facilities, such as golf.
tentiis, horseback riding, he for
Gets that these facilities already
exist at the International Coun.
try Club, of which he is a mem
b*r, strangely enough. With his
keen sense of double-entry book-
keeping, he should know that
the reason these facilities have
1ot been improved, enlarged
and extended is because their
-operaUtion has so far been unpro
The attitude of the Bureau rif








Management can, by assuring |


,9n Sale at All


Better Grocery Stores

The Biggest and Most Luxurious

Of Small Cars

The D;;W 3: 6 is the car for the motorist who looks for out
sta:tid::g e;giteerrng, pei-rforminnce and design. ,
Urontv.hec! drive, floating axle, automatic freewheel, aerodynamic
body. tubeeiss lres end the famous vaivelcss 3 cylinder high perf'--
mance DKW 3 : 6 engine; that's why driving a DKW gives you th'
impression of driving a real sports car'

Drive the DKNW 3-6 once and 'ou will experience a
thrill in motoring!


i right across the street from Banque Colombo Rue Pa'.6i
release contact Mr. W.P. Graesel

for more information, also about financing possibilities.
Complete stock of gentline DKW spare parts and efficient
.er.'ice by a Germann mechanic at your disposal.

"__PAGE 11



Government and Industry coo-
peration in advance, have such
facilities in operation within
three or four months of so
doing. However, no one is going
to build such a beach if it means
more of the same kind of oppo-
sition which apparently has exis-
ted heretofore.
In short the first task for the
new President, if he really
wants to offer to visitors the fa-
cilities they can find elsewhere
in the Caribbean, must appoint
a strong Minister instructed to
support and strengthen the po-
sition of the facilities we have
at present, and to carry out
whatever actions are necessa-
ry to create the new ones, on a
profit-making basis. Only then
can Haiti be said to be moving
onward and upward toward that
goal of $ 20 millions in tourist
income in 1960.


76 Rue Pavee. Tel.: 3557
Has Larges Assortment
o1 Lamps and Electrical

1 4


Dr Chatelain Revievws





The problems of the present production, public funds and qi:.atc control. in a regime o, This tall two Broadway plays t: person General consensus h
economic development of Haiti resources of the state bank. ac- economic liberalism. will open with Caribbean themes- tlihi[ the movie did not succeed in
were the subject of a lecture'l cording to family or other at- This economic strength is One. 'West Side Story, a musical picturing a delicate sociological
given by Dr. Joseph Chatelain 'tachments to compensate for 'feared because it may be UtiMi. v.'iih a score written by the famed problem.
at the Sunummer University Corn- the zeal. devotion and obedience 2ed under conditions that lead composer, Leonard Bernstein, des The other movie, ..Fire Down
ses Thursday evening. He will of his assistants, to eventual domestication of po- cribes the life of Puerto Rlcans Belcw., is a satiric account of
speak again tomorrow night on This category of proposed practical solutions to seems to constitute for many our population only the threat succeeded in showing a complicatchumi. Rntta Hayworth and Jacki-
economic development. Haitians, today, a detestable of new national disaster in the Jd socological situation can on ch. IH. a JLcmmon
Stating that among the intel- perspective. Economic progress, future. be determined after the pla nyLinm
lectual youth of the country and if it must be obtained at this Economic prosperity realized I d-et Puerto Rictans. because
in increasingly large sectors of price, threatening each citizen's under conditions which do not pens ro ian u e
the population, there is a legiti- sacrifice of his dignity and re- preserve the national control oF they can move si and without of theial m-
mate and reassuring feeling that bouncing a system which res- our economic destiny is a pers- migait on papers have added a I
through collective effort and pects or preserves the guaran.- pective without attraction)). huge ne foreign element to the 1
strong public action a dynamic tees and norms of a political F city's all-ready multi-raced -mel-
and constructive economic po 21.-ocracy. must certainly beI CONDITIONS FOR ring pot- .
licy can be extended, progressi- unacceptable. PROPER GROWTH Many assimilate easily, soon ..
vely, to all Haitians.T -called cfeudal so-!
T his he a e 2 The so-called feuda o- making positive contributions to 10-._ '
This. he declared, would be cl;ety.) in vhli'ch the access to Dr. Chatelain further explai- the city's lIfe; others have difticul
the most rapid way to improve prosprity a'rnd progress consti- ned that most Haitians should ties obtaining jobs, become trou--
their material possessions. And lutes a jriv'ilge and iS reserved be concerned with (an economic blesome and many soon return to ,',",-
this is the time to consider eco- for a limited group of the popu. progress realized in conditions Puerto Rico. But, basically the pro 5
nomic progress, he said. lation. or a democratic'political system blems of the Puerto Ricans are
clt is a question that is pro- Tfhis system which virtually and! the benefits of social justice not much different from any other' ,'
bably the dominating preoccu- foibids an enormous part of and national independence and huge group in a strange new coun-
pation of the population. PoIlti- our population from realizing these norms and progresses- try.
cally, the question is the Imme- prosperity, is in the eyes of must be carried out as far as The other play is titled "Jamai- _/ I I X L
diate preoccupation, primordial many Haitians, an already into- possible by the Haitian's. for the ca, and stars the well-known Ne LES PLUS BELLES 1OSAIQUES
in all sectors which are at pro- lerable scandal calling for imr- laitians). gro singer, Lena Home. HAITIENNES
sent in competition, he said. mediate and systematic efforts Dr. Chatelain made a distinc- In the last six months, the Ca-
uiAt least, this is. what they are equalizing the chances offered tion between the concept of eco- ribbean has been the subject of 0il Lj ilJ
telling usa. Ito all citizens. nomic, expansion and the redis- two movies. "Island in the Sun., o Iu@nIi f W
((Having learned to measure' This afeudalisms while" ten- tribution of revenue. cIf this based on Mdec Wough's novel of PLACE GEFFRARD '
the distance between, the world ding to consolidate or streugt- later policy can make the peo. ,
of facts and that of official de- hen the actual edipequilibres. pie more equal in wealth, it for-
clarations, more and more Hai- may lead to real prosperity, But cibly renders them more rich). -
tians would like to examine' by fails to raise the standard of He then pointed out several
themselves the perspectives and living of the unfortunate mas- kinds of confusion existing bet-
chances that we really have for ses; it is an economic progress ween the means and the end,
Sthe development plan, indepen- .that is incompatible with the as- in an economic development
dent of electoral propaganda, pirations of social justice anti which has been treated as a
They are asking themselves, per- forecasts a detestable situation, technological or cultural pro-
plexedly. such questions as this: 3) The economic strength of I blem. B
In which direction should we be neighbor countries. I Dr. Chatelain said that If tihe
led? Will it be done conscien- contents of 'a plan are to be re-
tiqusly or not? tOne fears a prosperity in the- tainted the essentail criteria is
the pretext of economic pro. in effect decrease the national This idea Onplies a more effi-
gress, leading us to situations independence Ten years have client utilization of production.
which in spite *of the eventual passed since the financial libe- H How is the productivity to be
signs of real prosperity will be ration reassured with preten- measured at present and how v n A
equal to a new national calamity tions and ambitions of the great can we appreciate the, degree of The World-FaTnmou. eau.t rro.ucts Are
and difficult for a Haitian cons- Neighbor who has effectively de- Iprogress capable of resulting in Oiu&ale tl.
science to accept ?) prived us of our independence initiative in our development? P? *
for several years. No longer are This question suggests t'io
DANGERS TO ECONOMY the forms of open dependence points : the cost and the possi -
the same ble income. the comparison ui ap
Dr. Chatelain then outlined The existence of certain bana. the resources involved in the n /r n i'L
three examples of so-called pro- na republics of colonized Cen- process with the income it will fpe t &A A ZL
gress capable of 'causing trou- tral America, made possible bv bring.
bler foreign enterprise, is reason for lfWtl t ttt| ft't"f
11 The model in vogue in cer- fear.. IFor they exhibit a superio-' '
tain republics of this hemisphe- rity and powerful strength a V THE L A N PRO R AND Q1TATITT
re which is trying to take hold, which in a backward economy LE :AD R .' r,'.I.'. -n.
in Haiti the Republic tending not geared to a dvnamnic and t (i E7 1 -..:.: -~ . ..
to become the private property solid business enterprise helps -'' .
of the chief of state, who distri- to destroy capitalistic funds .... .., .. < '' ' 4 ,"
butes the revenue and means of eventually received without ad. '
...................... ..... .....~....
^:!,, :::;:n::ta:;:t::: :a:san::KsK:t .... ,,;< -' .',. . .*: ... . ",.",i ^^ flf^ - .

,. ,' -*.., ,

(' "" " The interior workmanship of the 1957 STUDEBAKER is )
T7,~s^ ,- |; wT tthe talented w'ork of Master-Craflsinen who have faithfully T
T adapted the automobile to the ideal of modern life.
"ii iH ^I STUDEBAKER has developed the conception ot automnobi-
p le comfort .n keeping with thle criteria of real elegance. p
e =-- Quite a number of factors will make you appreciate the
IiE ..H C additional adantages offered you b STUDEBAKER, the car C
._.; 1 \ that is really different for 1957. '
I, The only Ameiican catr combining elegance and stird'ness '-
At Home Of Olivetti in Haiti with the supreme economy of European motors.
At Home Of Olivetti in Haiti l
GERARD CHANCY Distributor in Haiti: Tipco (Place Geffrard)



SUNDAY September 22th 1957


The Caribbean islands are pro-ithe same name and starring Harry,
hiding abundant food idr Amer 1Belafonte and Deborah Kerr, cau.
ican playwrights currently and sod considerable contrQversy be-
free advertising for the islands cause it openly showed a love
some good. some not so good. I affair between a Negro and a whi.

SUNDAY September 22th 1957

ccHAITI SUN. ~A~E is



tEducation in the LUnited Sta .ju. t why Americans believe tbhil is the life not wort!] living-.
tes has grown away from a for. the present and future security ,It has been shown tnat edu-
mnalism-o into a more pragmatic of t he nation lies in thiP unive'- cation in America ha. grown
or purposeful set of techniques -al education of all its i iuzc-n; away from a 'formalism' into I
and ideas. With this growing .- ter discussing the oildl'r ci.r.- more pragmatic o- purposeful
away from set ideas there has cepts of education, Mr Kii -set of techniques and ideas
emerged an EXPERIMENTAL paid tribute to the work oi the 'Vith this growing aw.vay frua,
ATMOSPHERE, a real willing- great American educato'-., 'uch set ideas there has :merged an
ness to search out a new idea or as Horace -Mann, Henry:. Ber- EXPERIMENTAL ATA.fOSPHL.
fact and apply it. hoping there- nard, Edward Lee ['h,-rn-hk':- Rr. a real willingne,.s :'i s arci.
by. to achieve better and happier l'nd John Dewey. ,'-ut a new idea or tiac and apply
results. These thinkeri-., lie it.I. it, hoping thereby to ar.hie^v
This %wa, the theme o't an had in common tie;'r ccagni- better and happier ce.uul,,.t
address on Some Aim- of Edu- !ion of the need for alaptinmg FOR. PROGRESS
cation in the United States,. education in the old days which Referring to recent expe.
given rceen;.ly by Mr Ilt)t R I o ft students unprepared to ments in the tield j' -ducatio
Klein. Assistant Public .Aft-aiis make their way in the v.orlil
Officer. Port-au-Prince. Each of these men ind other (Continued on page 161
Mr. Klein was speaking be- education reformers attah-ied ____-
fore LES COURS UNIVERSI- his ideas on education to, the NOTI
TAIRE3 DE VACANCES on concept of Democracy tWhal NOTICE
September 10. *'ere these aims of education t,., PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT
Given in Freii~h. ihe address be in a democratic. .ucicty .'AN AI R
was originally given in English ,Firstly, Democracy is based AND AUDITOR
before an Engilish teacher'q se- upon the idea of an intormel U.S. TRAINED
minar in P-Trf-au Prince' I a i t i populace, a people that knows AND EXPERIENCED

Tracing 1'ic he aims ot EL-tA'iiJon
back to thu an'ients. Mr Klein
said 'tihe 01-,;:f ani,? 9l many
pa.t civilizatl ins ha; often been
measured 1).y on-' i-j iA l'h va-
lue it has h- Iiu;!(d t.o i-; youth
- i. e its edcal:ion 'l goals.
Wise men v. r', even modern
enough to dli.:-iss lh._' n3s of
teaching youth these values.
This might have been called the
methods ot elueaiti:in. Thus,
what I am ,o:nJ to spea about
today is old.p ips'as old as
history its.f, and it i' c?rtainiy
not new to yiu o. me.
,Ancient Hellenic society in
Greece educated the sons of its
aristocratic citizens in a curri-
culum of Justice, Temrperance,
Wisdom. The Romans centred
their virtues in Law, a City ot
the World, Self-Control. St. Tho-
mas personified the Ago of
Faith and Reason; and from
France of the 18th century came
LA LUMIERE Enlightennent
and Progress : that eternal
child of man's dreams of the im-
provability of the humani mind
and the human race. The heart
oLmy talk today is to demons-
trate the relation between Edu-
cation for Progress and the fact
of Progress itself.


On the present occasion, how-
ever, Mr. Klein said, he wanted
to discuss the United States and
ethe contribution it is making
In its own unique way to man's
attempts to break forward in his
race with the world.
Americans try to practice de-
mocratic living and they wish to
bring to their children -i know-
ledgke and understanding of De-
mocracy's history, its develop-
ment, and its techniqueS es-
pecially of the wonderful conse-
quences it produces. And so it
is not difficult to understand

and understands its government
and its past. Knowledge i;
Sneeded-in order to kii-nw .'vhen
to move ahead, whetoi t. and
fast against a tide, how to \ote.
how to write, how to speak co-
fectively, how to criticize intel-
ligently and responsibly. These
aims of education in mny society
appear practical, yet they are
the substance of a man's whole
life, an intelligent iife. I. was
Ithe Greek philosopher Sucratcs
who said, <.The unexamined life

PO.SoX. 462



Cite de I'Exposition
Ave. Marie Jeanne
Stand No. 11

Telephone 2008
8:00 A.M. to 12:00 M.
2:00 P.M. to 5:00 P.M.

Ruelle 13ERNE,& LALUE













D .-.j C. ET.'-r'- NIGHT TO THE RYTH.,_! CF


DL'RyG THE WEEK FROM 9.00 P M. TO 2:,0 A M.

| ____-

On and off-the-road worli

Buy new B.F.Goodrich

AIl-PurposeTruck Tires

Longer wear on the pavemeng.a
S thanks to a rread that's up to 6%
Grcz---r traction on unimproved
ru: ,or iwo roads at all-thanks
to curved cleats with "bu6tftfoa
that dety slippage!

Wh' the r re t new B. F. Goodrick
All-Purpose tire, designed to do a
cuL!c ;,jbi,on 3our Iruck

Built upside-down! d l
Mosti tires arte built with breaksl'
on,; .... -. ii..- pi..s. under the
crad fI I-Ct't nylon hook
abild 1. A il-Piumryoe nrf- have i-
o'de-*ai reulcrs e!ief&a. I,- -.
om prices (2p. Result: iacased
b-nie resistance, longer tire lifel

William NARR Port-au-Prince

BOUCARD & CO.. Jacmel
Jean BOURGEOIS Aux Cayes

A. ARTEAGA Gonaives
Andre VULCAIN Leogane

---A --


FA. .E 13


Painama Line i. h ro NOTED B.A. EDITOR CALLS
Br utght Nearly i Jo report AT HAITI
.ui.0l00 Passengers Francisco A. Rizzuto, co-direc IM'r Rizuto's magazine, a bilionth
~T o tauP i e.rt of the Argentinian magazine I l publication, was first begun in
To Port-au-Prince ,,Veritasu, visited Haiti for one 1931. Its name is Latin and means
1 day this week -truth. Although it is devoted to
Thn Pana.na Line, through its Having just attended the Inter- reporting and editorializing on Ar
GenL-'.-a .'tent. Mr. John Cusick. American Press Association meet gentinian life, culture, economies,
brought early 11,000 travellers EDNER ST-VICTOR became Political Afairs Chief of Section at the ing in Miami which issued a con- etc., its last issue was a -panora-
Jto Hautn d,-ing the year ending Foreign Office last Saturday, with Foreign Minister Colonel Louis Rou demnation of the censorship of ma of all of Latin America.
June 30, 1i57. main presiding over the 9:30 A.M. installation ceremnory. of the press d er c I a r d b V
Tae toita' figure of 10,739 oas- ia
sengers. it is'L to be noted, MR RENE COLIMON is the tew Hailian Consul General at Ottawa,. General Batiste in Cuaba re- 600 Visitors Here
He formerly occupied the post of Chief of Seclton of Politic-i Affairs ce"tly He was flying to Rio de
snr. t s t benoted, ^, ^,, cently I-Ie was flying to Rio rIo "U ISIU"'CI
thro i this one Steamship the Foreign Relations Office here. .Janeiro from Haiti to attend the On t(Cunard,
Line, wc-r. tourists and visitors National Convention of Brazilian
'to trd. S .3C'i)lic. UNESCO will pay the passage and $1.000 for extra expenses abroad an
_____as part of the scholarship grant to a young Haitian who can contribute newspapers. Liner
y j effectively to the development of the arts in Haiti. The object of the Rizzuto told this correspondent
Kol ornsens Lose sho larship is to furnish professors, specialists or research workers, he regretted he could spend only The S.S. .Caronia. of the Cu-
Khe opportunity of acquiring additiarrallknowledge in literature, the one day in a country the Argen- nard Line which docked here iW1t
6-Year- Old So j opportunity y at r ig additional o wge Con tines know so little about. Sunday brought more than six
a- ^ -U nI rts and the theater, flowing a decisionHe was received by Colonel hundred U.S. visitors.
gress in New-Delhi (India). Louis Roumnan, officer in charge The large number of tourists
Funeral ."vices for Wilhem Krlb One 'of the candidates, now under consideration for ihe Unesco of the Foreign Affairs Ministry, spent the day enjoying the sights
jornsen, so. of Customs inspec- .bourse., %ill be selected shortly and his or her name wiil be made and spoke with Brigadier General of the Capital and picking'up sou
tor, and Wr. Gustave Kolbjornsen, public Antonio Th Kebreau. president of venirs from the shops and bazaars
were held on Saturday afternoon, RADIO CORPORATION OF AMERICA IRCA) can be proud of its 'the Militar. Junta. Kebreau em- Among the visitors were French.
September 14tb, amidst a large intelligent, cooperative messenger, Bocius St. Louis. who observed phasized to Rizzuto that there born artists and singer Michelle
gathering of sorrowing relatives 'is 1th anniversary with the company this Tmonth... was no restriction in the form of Dany, an entertainer aboard the
and fnenis The services were LIONEL FOMBRUN, whose Mussean residence is the synonym of censorship in Haiti. but that Haiti ,Caronia. her husband and seve-
held at te Sacred Heart ChurchHaitian music. and who holds the baton for the local artists whose is living through a serious period ral friends.
if Turgeau ',6wa onofmusic is recorded for U.S. listeners flew to the star republic on in its history. Michelle has just toured South
Little hilhelm. 6, was one of -Tuesday.. Rizzuto had undoubtedly been America, and expressed a desire
fiver a relativdreo a nd succumbedss af-t the ARTHUR DUROSEAU, noted local Maestro and his orchestra were aware of unfounded reports cir- to perform here. She captured the
aerot residence of his parents.tfeature over icardo wVidmaikr's ,Radio-Haifi. this week when Ri.- culated in some U.S. papers that Casino .,habitues, in dancing the
He- was a pupil at the St Louis card feted the 22nd anniversary of the broadcasting station a strict censorship was in effect Haitian meringue with Journalist
de Gaague school in Port-au- FIVE HAITIAN PLANTERS returned to their region in the Souti here. In actual fact, the only cen-' Aubelin Jolicoeur.
de Gjroajgui. school -in Port-au- FIEHIINPAT eu ned to theirregion in tihei |Ot forship which exists is of state- !Wade Franklin' and his charm.
Prince. Tte funeral was attended. 'of Haiti after spending 40 years on the plantations in Cuba... orshi which exists is ofuse strifate- n Wadife Franklicen' and his charm -also
by a daiegation of his classmates AMBASSADOR EMILE ST-LOT returned to his post as President be d o slane a defamationsa among the voyagers. Wadeis the
who acted as pall-bearers. of the Haitian Mission at the United Nations 'm New York, after stat IAll papers have been free through aChicago Sunday Times Travel Edi-,
Haiti Sun presents its deepest 'ing that he had withdrawn his. candidacy for a seat in the Sanate for Aout the present campaign, to criti tor, and Alice is with Charles
sympathy and condolences to mem the Western Department. Ex-Senator St. Lot was President of the Na- cze the various candidates., Pfizcr & Company, of Brooklyn.
her; of the bereaved family. tional Assembly From February 7th to March 26th before the Con I
gress was dissolved by the Sylvain Government... The Ambassador________
-r Imade a declaration through the press saying that lie w.s pained over
I i"g De -aIbyv Lhc insoluble and dangerous division of the political sector lor which
fCh Aene At ST hUP e had fought since 1946. ,
Chf Cien dh At T. INSTITUT HAITIANO-AMERICAIN Director, Dr. Charles St John
Pw t h h ,,as welcomed hack from their U.S. vai-e'tion this past week Mrs. St ,
Peterss inruc 'John andt he children accompanied the distinguished educator
COLONEL DURCE ARLAND is sail to be returning to Port-au-Prin
Bab.. PLt;ri.pe Vigne was held ce from his post as Mission Chief of the Haitian EmbasNy in iGuate- 5) t .f _r
at tUe hapti;t.al font in Eglise St mala. j0 C At&A.11 a 4
Pierre de Petion-Ville, last Sunday ANTENOR FIRMIN memorial ceremonies were obser ecd here on i
morning at !1:00 o'clock. His god September 19th marking the anniversary ol the dea'lh of hie great l),i
mother -, Miss Rachel Staco, statesman and Sociologist.. A "-S
and Mr- Philippe Bouchereau the COLONEL MAUREPAS ALCINDOR, Officer in Charge of the De.
gFloat, g the re, ous ceremo- paitment of Finance. clippered to the U.S. this week, on an officilI
Fonylo r.g ie religiouse Vigne, Mission as head of the Haitian delegation to the annual Assembly Jif
flyfe, asumptruous M recepigne 'hc eInternational Bank of Rural Development. The delegates will meet
offer.-CA a sumptuous reception t e.tcnc
at f'rrwithaomSeletenmbcr 23rd to 26th in Washington, D.C i K wn As The Ft
at ,-:.c =xn=.with a large num-
bhr ,-f g-.e.t attending. Other member's of the delegation included Mr. Loui:, Goldman and 1N11 A T F l t
Philippe is the first of the line Mr Vilvert of Uhe Fiscal Department,' Mr. Marcel DEupliin of the De- atin Plac In Haiti
EatngPlace In Haiti
at the Mose Vigne household, apartment of Finance, all three experts in matters of finances ..
POLICE CHIEF. Colonel Pierre L. Paret, advised thi.; week that elec
*. .17. .%K .-:=::::.-t oral meetings could be held only between the hours of 2-00 P.M and Located In Cool Bourdon
g6:00 P.M. The notice was addressed to the public, and to the Candida- -.
teC for elective functions, in particulAr...
DR EVELYNE HYPPOLITE. Surgeon Dentist, and laureate at the .. ..
S* the Faculty of Dental Art, f I e w to Cuba T h u r .s d a y in o r n "
ing to ioin sister Simone Hyppolite for a rest vacation in Havana CASINO I NTERNATIONAL -TV
AMBASSADOR ERNEST G. C-HAUVET, in transit to his post in ,AS N I E N AAL 11
'Panama, stopped over for a chat with his famUily and friends on Mon
da Tiee diplomat spiced his interview, published ill the Chauvet-owni
I_'. ed daily 'Le Nouvellistex with the suggestion thai e:ich Presidential
(:,^ candidatee should prepare, in advance, two statements ne for the NIHrr Tm 0-r nn n AM
Scse where he is "victorious, the other to be used in ca'e he is beaten THE NEW NIGHT CLUB PROGRAIM
1 ..-- /iby one of his two competitors .. i
COLONEL BENOIT 0. ALEXANDRE. Haiti's Ambassador to the Bgn i \ s 1 1 97
UI "fVatican lol f or his post on the PAA Flight Mon day morning B -
.. CARLOS PEOEIRA has .joined the "BEARDED ONES.. In !HAI- Every V'ednesdai-GREAT CHA-CH-A CHA.CONTEST
l TlErJ LIBEREo last Saturday there appeared an interesting gallup.' with awarding of rich prizes to the winners and partia-
tiler candidates are swimming mn opULimism and alter talking with pco- pants of te Cotillion.
:ale here and there we have gotAhe following estimates deioie has p O e oilion.
S735, DU\'ALIER 95% AND JU-MELLE 100D All Amerca Cable has
uU hcen ,:ut of order for over two weeks with a cable somewhere at sea Tuesdays, Saturdays anid Sundavs each week

hr~fi:n '. c-
The RAYMOND CHAMBERS of the Haitic-n American Institute are (
'eaincL us soon. Even with candidates providing free music all over
the country-side last Sunday the AUX CALLEBASSE beach was rock *, the c!
':iQ aind r-olline near the surf the Haitian way JKAY LA ERNCE c
WVoman's editor of radio desk with ASSOCIATED PRESS- in Ne' ill
York spent the weekend here at the Oloffson MAURICE A\ND MAUD Evern-
LAROCHE of Cap Haitien are back from their New York holiday The tal ented G
FiRadio I-tirn JULES TOMAR who has shoe making as a hobbyi returned
from Summer in New Jersey with wife ANN and the two Chi'dren as[t compositions.
rue-sdayv by sea JULES was upset to hear a'h-it the Ham han. Esso
boss ABNER RIDDLE and his wife are back from the Stmtr" -' B re Saturda. if
turned in better shape than he left in Twas a health rip TALIS-
MAN CHARLES of Carrefour Fenille did some quick drum making
business while author COURLANDER was in to-'n Dr. CHARLES ST
'IOJ.THN lias returned from the Summer at home in the S.aies with his i
wife and four children. The director of the Haitian American Institu- Ad
te sent us a nice post card from Vermont. We received the oost-card
the day after his arrival back in Haiti...


harming girls of his new ballet
an entirely new show
night. Monday excepted,
UY DUROSIER will be hard in his I1'

the weather permits, there will be
Open Air Dancing

inihnium Charge during the week $10
Mission on Saturdays 2."
(and no minimum charg


Rue Bonne Foi


SUNDAY September 22th 9S1 95

SUNAY epembr...h19......[.UN PA J I5

Ian Gileadi, Managing Direc-
tor for the Travel Promotion
Consultants in Miami, is at the
Oloffsorl, this week. working upr.
a new promotional idea for Tou-
rist interests here.
x x \
Maurice Mlilleret .de Brou,
Vice-Pr6sident of the Abbotsford
Travel Service, Inc., was among
the General Electric group visi-
ting Haiti for six days, last
The Paris-born VP is an old
friend of ithe republic and was
awarded the medal and diploma
of the National Order of Merit
and Honor, for services ren-
dered by his 4-year old Agency
during the war.
The members -of the G. E.
group declared Ithat it was most
annrrtvn.a uhnat .ith ,all i thi irha

we-.k on a business-cum-pleasure
Robert F. Elie and Roger Dejoie
were given a big family sendotf
Tuesday when they took the Pa-
nani flight to New York enroute
to S\%iterland. The hwo students
are going to study medic-ine in
x X X
Mr and Mrs Larimer Mellon of
Swietzer Hospital saw daughter
Geneive off to school in New En-
gland Tuesday.
Mrs. Helen Parker Alexander,
wife of the American Consul here,
returned from the U.S. last Sun-

A. Rizzuto was briefly in Port-au- hington, D.C., and at Iowa State
Prince this week, after attending College. His studies were in
the Buenos Aires Conference: He connection with a Programme and
declared that he had decided that Plan for the 1960 Agriclutural Cen
Haiti just had to be squeezed into sus of Haiti.
his hurried itinerary. He was a x x x
guest at Hotel* Castelhaiti. si r. Henri Ch Rosemond is a
x x x member of the Haitian Delegation
Dr. Lucien Pierre-Noel left last to Twelfth General Assembly of
Sunday for Washington. The Co- the United Nations,, which opened
Director of the Department of Pu September 17th Mr. Ernest Chau-
blic Health is representing the vet and Mr. Herard Cl. Roy are
Haitian Government at the Pan the other members.
American Sanitary Executives' x x x
meeting heing hid in the U.S. Cap' Assocaited Press' lunminary Larry
ital city. Allen, clippered in from the Cu-
x x x ban front on Thursday afternoon.
Engineer Hubert Ostine left Larry said that it was good to be
Sunday afternoon for six month? back on the local scene in time
studies at the Montevideo Institu- for elections.
te of Cartography in Uruguay, on x x x
a UN scholarship. Mr. and Mrs. Gordon R. King
x x x f-lew to Port-of-Spain, Trinidad,
Mr Paul Cassan, Director of on Friday. Mr. King who is inI
the International Labor Bureau the Engineering Department of
Action Center, left last Sunday on Esso Standard Oil has been
a Delta Air Lines plane for MeAi- posted in Trinidad.
co. Dickie King, their youngest
During his sojourn at Port-au- son, left town also this week.
Prince, the Labor Bureau exeeu- He will enter the U.S. Army in
tive held conference with the auth Florida, 'or Texas.

orities of the Departments of Fo-
reign Relations, Labor, National
Economy and National Education.
The present and future collabora-
tion of his organization with the
various Vocational Education Cen-

x x x : ters of Haiti will be the object of
Andr6e Supplice, the National another sojourn in this country by
Tourist Office's Head Acvountant, MLr. Cassan at the end of October.

press aIbhft Haiti was getting observed his anniversary on Sep- x x x
abroad, and :to find no trace of member 17th. .* Sister McKinney of the eChurch
anything to-spoil a tourist's visit Ge i, x x x of God in Christ. left Thursday to
hgre. Germain, La Caravelle's cordial rush by plane to the side of her
here. and competent staffer who de- daughter who is gravely ill in Chi-
x X S livers the American and French cago. She is expected to return to
The Studebaker Corporation I papers to subscribers, feted a Haiti as soon as her daughter's
Regional Director, Mr. C. K. nouveau printemps. on Septemh health will permit.
Kiene, visited with the Harry er 16th. When asked if the new x x x
Tippenhauer's this past week. large polka dot tie was a gift, Ger Guy D'Ennery Dejoie will take
MAr. iene lives in Havana. lie main smiling acquiesced: ,Yes, I unto himself a lovely bride next
said there is a new 4-whee! offered it as a gift to myself.' month. Announcement of his com
drive pick-up for'the first year. x x x ing marriage to Miss Linda Flab,
He also said that Studebaker is Mary Helen Fisher and lar'y was made this week -by M's.
putting out a new model small Ann Mongeau flew back to school David Flab, Mr. Raphael Flah. and
car. in Miami at the Academy of the MAr.' and Mrs. Victor D'Ennery De-
l x x x Assumption. Mary Ann whd hails joie.
'Jean:Francois. is the recent from Canada returns to Haiti The distinguished 'fianc6s,. will
newcomer at the M. Hibbert house each year for a vacation with Ia-. kneel before the altar at St. Pe-
hold. The benpetit monsieur. is said ry' Helen. lovely daughter of Kurt' ter's Church in Peton-Ville, at 6:00
to be in ,robuste santoe ,an Mrs. A\. lisher, at the family p M on Saturday, October 12th.
x x X sunimer home in Laboule. x x x
Touris, Director Clovis Chariot x x x ,
will head Haiti's delegation to the Kansas City, Mo. lovelies, Bar. Ten paintings selected by a Corn
ASTA Congress which opens in bara McCauley and her friend Nan l uttee or artists of-The Foyer des
Madrid early, in October. Miss Ca-' cy Havits, spent three days here .,-t F:astiques were dispatched
tidad Appolon, and Mrs. Odette at the Riviera this week. The girls to Eu-ope, Wednesday, and will
Wienerlhavebeen chosen as mem enjoyed their brief stay, ard re- be exhibited in Madrid, Spain. I
bers of the delegation. greeted having to hurry to their The works of Haitian artist
x x x Secretarial post back home. painters Cedor, Virgen, Jean, Eu-
Miss Leonie IIonore left this x x x i lie. Lazard, Exume, and Casimir
.week for studies in New York. I Paul Mayard arrived from the' were among the canvasses shipp
x x x U. S. on Monday. ed.
Dr. Joseph Chatelain is expec- .Xx x X Mr. Philippe Serhin, Exunie, Ce
led to leave for the United States,, Joseph F. Etienne is borne from or, Lazard. and Jeanty were the
shortly; it was announced this a vacation in the States, accom-'Committee members charged with
week. Dr. Chatelain is the head of panied by wife, Anna.- making the selection
National Bank of Haiti's Section I x mXagt sli
of Statisftis. Bank National Silvere Pilie left: x
X x x for the U.S. Monday, accompanied Cadilac-driving artist, Rene
Gerard Philippeaux, Executive by his wife and children. Mr Pilie Exume is expected to leave for
Officer of the Economic Aid Corn is on a special mission. New York ,bientot- and is busily
minttee, is recuperating at his ho- x x x working on canvasses which he
me this week after his doc-i Remy Bastiori flew on PAA will exhibit at ;he Galerie Sud
tors orderAfl him to .gardez la Flight 432-C, Monday morning, oq Americana. this Fall.
chambre.'. a special mission to Miami. x x
! x x I xx x
Roger Coster got a two"and a 1 Alfred and Claude Martin are Mr Lous Smith returned recent
half inch nail in his foot, Fridey, i home from their trip abroad. ly from a cycle of studies inM Was
while supervising building opera- x x x
.tions on his famous project. Marie Claire Riboul returned j .__
Xx. ;x home via Panam this week.
Miss Marie-Helen Fisher, daughter, x x x -
of the wellknown anthropologist: Richard Salnave, left for New
and Mrs Kurt Fisher bhas returned York last Sunday for a vacation Aux
to her studies at the Academy of with relatives in New York. Mr. C, UquJ
the Assumption in Miami. Salnave is the Chief of Division of 1 osac is
xxx the Department of Commerce.
Mr Percque of the An Clou d'OrI x x x WXHoarnd
'(Golden Nail restaurant) in Bour- Mr. R Prentice and his 5-mem- TFlamb&*
don is in New York. The family ber party, flying their private C,, 5/ .
may move back to Belgium for plane, spent the weekend here at
the World Fair. Castelhaici Hotel The group was
x x x from the State of Alabama. _f_ .
Lawyer Ti George Leger and x x x
wife Jouioui are heading for New Mr J. Bernstein snpnt .overal

York and Europe this week. days is Haiti, negotiating for an
x x x important group of U.S. business-
men. He was lodged at the Castel
Henri Wiener, pilot for Rey- haiti.
nolds bLines Miragonae to Port- x x x
au-Prince left for New York this Argentina newsman Francisco

Lovely Mademoiselle Gonnai
was given a teai-ful farewell,
Thursday, when she flew off to
her studies in the States.
x x x
Lovely Claudinette Fouchard,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs Jean
Fouchard, returned Wednesday

ling's ,F> which sh- dedicated
to Dr. Numa.
The moving song XCe n'est
qu'un au revoir. (This is only
until we meet again was sung
by the entire groul) with piano
accompaniment by Dr. Gerard
Carre and Dr. Gerard Pierre.Je-
The evening was enchanting.
and colored by dancnrg to a rich
repertory of Haitian mneiingues.
x x X

Mrs. hlelen .Quisenbern', of
Dallas, Texas is back to El Ran
cho. Mrs. Quisenberry is ranked
among the faithful ,zamies_ of


Harolci Horan. Managing Edi-
tor of the Caracas Daily Jour-
nal, was here in transit Thurs-
day. Hal was returning South
from Boston.

Miss Evelyn Casseus, and Mr
Maurice A. Casseus left this
week for New York. They are
the children of Mr. Pascal An
dre Casseus.
Mr. Casseus will continue to
his new post as -Haitian Consul
at Havre, France. Miss Casseus
will accompany her brother to
Europe and plans to make spe-
cialized commercial studies.

from Washington where she has
been studying. Claudinette hav --- -.
an excellent command of En-
glish now. o Ozzie Bender
x x x
Ansy Meyer returned from For Bogota
the U.S., Wednesday.
x xx
Foreign Correspondent; .rlan (Continued from page 1)
note The illiterac-: is about
76%-, NOT 90%. 'rests under management in La-
x x x tin America.).
Geo. Stadder, Life \M.-.g.iz n This means that thle action
photographer, arrived he:. Fri- initiated in 1941. to place the
day, to do a story on the l|. c forest under management in or-
tions with reporter Jane Nrelson. der to guarantee a continuous
x x |yield of lumber, has proved a
Edith Godefro., younI woman I success. He says it is doubtful
lawyer, is back to her work smith if there is to be found in this
Cabinet Leger, after two and aD'region another forest which ha-
ha!f months vacation in Lurope done as ',.elI under scientific m3-
She stopped \ith her ,ist.r, ,Jac- nagement.
nuieline. in Pari-.. SHADA has proven timber re-
Sx x x ,erves ftl. at least 10 years with
iMr and Mrs Kurt A\ l-iFihr some areas still to be inveatiga-
leading Art and Curio Shijuo_ )., ged. Eventually. they will move
pr'r;tc:-:, a-e eLhJiibitin ti,e ,a. back to the original cutting of
agniftccnt n w cry talw.-, e- the pines in Morne-des-Commis-
cently imported ft'nrnm FIil saires.
Their Rue du Quai bazaar carries At present, the Teleferic is
a selection of bowis, cuande I'ringing down lumber from the
lJcirs. vases and otner" ar'ici'l Mare Rouge area.
t-om Daum, and Nan,-', '"orid Mr. Bender had high praises
'-m'ed manufacturers o,: c'.,tjl for his Haitian colleagues on
jnims the Morne-des-Commissaires pro


ject. He spoke of the competen-
, ce and devotion of Agronomist
Ajax Francis (a classmate at the

The res'iden:-e of M,'. LL-Inc-. University of Michigan), Remy
Viau. on rue Montalni,, w'as Dauphin (Forestry School of Me-
throatened by fire on WVednes. 'ida, Venezuela graduate), Jean
day when a short -ircuit oc,.ur-. Myrthil, and Flaubert Dupuy.
"rd in the electric '*:rIi bur- They are all noteworthy forestry
iing the cable at its point of men, Mr. Bender said.
ntrv The property is ,wined u Fires still are the No. 1 Pro-
"t:' Maurice Theageo.i-. blem at the Forest. Peasants and
x x X, N eraons instigated by politics
Dr .\ndre Numa wa.n hI.nn'-ed are guilty of destroying the
with a farewell r(.cotiiin b. country's resources by telling
friends and fellow students in St. the' people that the land belongs
Louis. Missouri, prior to his de- to them.
-,inrep for H-iti. Dr. and Mrs. It is important to impress the
Beaumanoir Prophete ho,;ted public with the value of this n--
the reception, attended by a tural resource.
large gathering of Haltian -od There also is the question of
I American guests, watershed protection. This fo-
Toasting the guest-of.hionor in rest is a watershed protection
champagne. Dr. Prophet., made for the Plains of the Cul-de-Sac.
a vibrant farewell -peeci, ex- of Jacmel and other plains on
pressing his admiration of the the Southern Coast.
young Doctor who had made Mr. Bender was confident that
such a brilliant showing during the Haitian technicians with
his studies and internerihio. whom he has worked in the Fo-
Dr. Walter Young. heart spe- 'rest will carry on the important
cialist, and one (f Dr. Nma's work.
"r,'fp'srvr;. offered .seveiai ch'i- His replacement is Mr. Thlio-
ce selections nn the piano. EiL.ht- mas W. McKinley, noted Ameri-
v"ar-old Robert Prop!hetl- and Ican Sylviculturist, who will not
litt'e Yvonne E t e n n ,:. "o., only be Forestry Adiisor to the
played .piano sele(-clic.l. .M.ss SHADA but for all of Haiti as
Primrose Renaud reciy liKip. well


SUNDAY September 22th 1957






tContinued from page 13)

Latin American countries, in- sters and Wall Street brokers, sfich as the growth of the Uni-niques of present industrial so-
eluding the Caribbean islands, when anyone who has visited your versity Press and the G. I. Bill. I city.
have often beeh the target for fine country knows about its histo Kindergartens Nursery Schools
U.S. criticism, partic u I a r I y ry, its universities, scientific ins- and Adult Education Mr. Klein WVe are making a marriage oi
U.S. erltisgism, parad AdutiEducation.IMr Kleinnan atca rors
where the rather rigid class tiutions, its fine cities and corn- observed I think tha as .Reaon and Practical Progress
systems are concerned. In a re- munities where there is no sign of talk about the connection bet- a marriage which u'-' r.one
cent open'letter, a Guatemalan gongsterisms or cowboys.. ween education and Denocracy, was made in lleaven,.
newspaper editor reverses the; we must make an assunmp'ion;
line of -riticism, directing it to .lf we in Latin America have and that is that education is for
U.S. influence in Latin Ameri- our political machines, graft and something that it is desirable
can countries, such like, that does not mean that in that it produces progress and
you in the United States do not and moves men forward o the
Printed recently in the Miami have your own weak spots. road to more knowledge a:d a
Hetald Mr. Ramon Blanco's letter
beits by referring to another The editor feels that the U.S. better life.
,.Education in a demoeiratiu
letter describing athe rich of La- press has helped explain the coun to n aeoeai
tin America, who are proficient try to Latin America, but that La- society'therefore can have lno
at tax evasion, force the poor to tin America knows that although w alls, cannot be confined To this
carry the load of financing their the U.S. is "the richest in the school of thought or another,
governments.., and make it im- Western Hemisphere, and the pre cannot be limited to n- book,
possible for the workers. to rise sent leader in world affairs, there to one era to one e curri
out of poverty,. is also the fact that yours is not culum. as characteri.--d by the
Sa perfect democracy,. citing as educational system in the So-
Commenting oi the letter the examples, integration, control of vet Union, for instance..,
reports of a Miami Herald 'report statE universities, National Asso- er; .Blanco writes that both have ciation of manufacturers and Wall and improvement i. progress.
,And being countries of the er,-
ne'klected to say that in most of, Street.And countries of he en
the Latin American Republics, al- ,tightement, Haiti and Arn, erica, T
though there is no income tax Hie agrees that Latin Americant11 assume that we believe in pro-
system, the bulk of the other ruling classes have imposed a -ress as something good in it-
taxes fiscal, customs, profits, ranny on the poor underdogs, but .self. ie
etc., are paid exclusively by 'the he states "that all dictorships Therefore education in :I e
rich' and whatever middle class of Latin America (Trujillo, Batis- moLracy has before itt I rea'-
there is... because there is a tremI ta, Jimenez, Somioza, Peron, for, job the constant ,iprove-
endous percentage of Indian popu instance) have always had the ment of itsgovernment free er
lation whose way of life is still support of big business, big indus access to information and crea-
under the average middle class 'tr5, and the State Department of tiou of needled conmunimtt- sLv i-
possibilIties.. L he U.S.".... ces. h //1 -r j
posb e. ,e Education as part uoi social de- ULOo-
-They weave their own clothing, ..The tyranny in most Latin piocracy must advance rdcas PP O P .
.they feed only on corn and beans American republics depends on such as respect for tleI human
and live on the hills without any the dictatorships openly supported person, free cultural and reli- a t
worry about niodern living by the interests of the United Sta gious pluralism i e. that !xis- V OOf n W
"All the imports, mostly from tes.... tence of differing g-otups wit'h ,1i ,
the United States, which pay im-1 many different opinmor.3 and b e- e VaUey 4 C n
port dutisI and other taxes, ar liefs; the allowance u' otthei.r t .
.onsumed by a minority thei r ]owe i LatireAterica, no ma preach their beliefs and crpeds
c nmd aer how we admire the United S the protection of the m in
"the income e of those taxes is w hat quently been the guinea pigs of Hi ll, in thew 'ras o oh n s-----1,-th--
he governments use as mean 'experts' and their comments inH -from the'tyral! of til JMnE&THE AMAN OF-MEK
support, their administrations.. some publications in your coun- majority's.
.. try..


Sucn remarks, claims mlanco, you teachers are in Haiti, are
give thI North American reader ery seldom can you hea. of engaged in a great peient,
n* in*urt pitr ,Te. tory.. .....inthe.. a "" ...., a
an inaccurate picture. "They for-Latit American journalists taking 'in the'hope that educati n iwiil
get that no all the Latin Amer- -,in their hands the responsibility come-close to the pcop.!e help
ican republics are as rich in natu of reforming what there is to be them in their thirst for know.
ral resources as Venezuela, MIex- reformed in your country.. Iledge, peace and security. We
ico, Chile and Brazil. And, what, hope that thirst 'ill ibe nhir
is more preposterous, they expect 'And brother, you do have life-long pursuit. We ar., trying
-to find in our countries a fabulous w~eak spodts.. in the U.S.A.. I thin .,uccess{'ul-
Irich' working class, the same as ik s the oUSAr..I thitt-,ice e.fui-
they-"have in the United' StatesI ly, to integrate withrt;' lo.;ii -
t b havegin tghuited States Mr.'Blanco is managing editor its charm the cultut'e of our an-
supported by bigEbusiness andbg n ircial. w it t nl a L
induspotd i El Imparcial. cestors with the nee-l: and tech-

-The North American reader
would be offended if we in Latin
America get the idea that the Unit
ed States is inhabited only by cow
boys, moving-picture actors, gang\

At Your Service
Services all makes of Cars and Trucks
Does all types of repair work
Automatic Transmissions Specialists
On the Rue du Centre next to SHASA
English, Spanish and French Spoken

- ------- ;-----------i,



compaLt6 Vie zws
a),te en4leeCldy -
;4 ' ^

i 2

c erCwa"
Co eey iQo- condIton1ed

X"l /,^son l :"."~Q
7, o ,,Icuis,,,YD1el

V.:ePS017 tn: oAe/C
*Ar/tg/t Cl(Aiai3OME Ciuovuii





ttl1IAT! SUN


SUNDAY September 22th 195i

House For Rent .

Canape Vert. Three bedrooans/.,;
bath, living room, garage, etc.
All modern comforts and coa-iv
veniences, very reasonable reah.l
tal. Apply 148 Rue Cheriez (Ike,
[hind church St. Louis in Til-r..
geaul. or offices Haiti Sun., '




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