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_______ THE HAITIAN ENGLISH LANGUAGE NEWSPAPER
VOL VII Portau-Prince; Rnpublique d'Haiti Telephone 2061 Sunday, September 23rd 1956 No. 1
PANIA'AS PRESI DENTELECT WIHDS UP VISIT
Seven Injured By .
Empty Oil Tank
Sevcen persons were inju ed in.
ay explosion at the Sinclar Oil
* Company at. Thor. last Satrday.
The accident occurredd while
?ev.'cral specialized workers were
doing a welding job on .1 tank
The 10,000-galloi capacity-reser-
voir had been standing 6mpty
rmeore than to mnianths, .andiprior
to undertaking the welding' ope-
Sration it had been,, washed 'ut by
SThe force of the sudden explo-
sion rocked the region, and paused
injuries to,seven persons who are
being treated at the General Hos-
Cocoh Seeds Ruled
A -&tramatie attempt' `is: being
made to revive the oicel'thriv-
ing H.aitiai cocoa indutr.
Aboard a Pan' Americal Air-
ways Clipper that left aort of
Spain, Trinidad., Saturday' as 1,-
540 pounds (700 kilos), or' ppro-
ximately 30,000 choice cocoa
seeds bound for Port-au- rince..
-Becaulse cocoa--seeds are -high-
ly pershable, a special Ifaitian
Air Folice plane was standing by
at Bowen FieLd, where thd Clip-
per lauded at 1: 35 p. ni. and
rush the, seeds tokJeremii, cen-
ter of an prea wrecked by hurri-
Scane winds in 1954. The workers
will begin planting the cocoaa in-.
The Haitin government is be-
ing asuisted in the project by
Bernard de Vertreuil, Trfiidad
cocoa expert, who.is accompany-
hig the shipment.
President-Elect Ernesto de La Guardia Jr on arrival fronz Panama takes the Military Salute flanked by
Ministers Joseph Charges. Alphonse Racine and Rolcnd Lataillade. '
Forgotten Murder Provides Background
To Haiti's Claim For Navassa Island
SAs the world is rildled today with territorial claims from the Med-
iterranean tolbe Caribbean it is of interest,.to look into the background
of Haiti's claim for Navassa Island which is now before the U.S. Con-
For This Morning
President-elect Ernesto de la
Guardia, Jr. winds up 'a 2-day of-
ficial visit to the Capital this af-
ternoon and enplanes for Panama
City to prepare for his inaugura-
tion ceremonies which will take.
place.on October 1st.
President-elect de La Guardia
who is accompanied by Senora de
h1 Guardia arrived here 2: 45 p.m
Friday on the tAA Clipper Sky-
lark. Other members of his party
are Mr. Roberto Heurtematte, Mi-
nister and Comptroller.General of
Panama, Mr Arturo Muller, bu-
sinessman who was Protocol At-
tache to President' Magloire on
his recent visit to Panama, and
Mrs. Muller, and George Wester-
man, journalist. Mr. Westerman is
the author of the famous article.
*Un .Olvido Impardonable' (An
Impardonable 'Forgetfulness) pu-
blished in Panpma. after tfie Con-"
gress ofrthe American Presidents.
The dapper, be-Spectacled 52-
year-old man 'who triumphed in
last May 13th's presidential elec-
tions in Panama, distinguished in
OCTOBER 1st. d well-cut, neat dark-blue suit re-
His Excellency, the President ceived Military honors and a 21-
of the Republic and Madame Ma- gun salute, ,up6n'arrival. ,
gloire are expected to return from A large and enthusiastic crow-
thetir visit to the United States on ed ovationed him as he wag wel-
ic'o:;,.'r Is: (Continued'on page 17)
The following article appeared in the American magazine ,Nation's A Bocor M Ii Haae 'lucn .Infiuence
This' perfectly cockeyed story
begins with a murder. It will end
with the Jules Vernes drilling of
;what is.presumably one of the rich
est oil fields on earth.
Along the way it will sideswipe
an island which became a ship,
INTO ,OUR 7th YEAR
This week, the sHh'iji Sup, enters its, 7th year of ser-
vice to Haiti and people throughout the world who
are interested in this growing republic. '
During' the past six years, wve have endeavoured to
chart as accurately as possible the progress of Haiti, its
problems and the st'ps taken to overcome them.
Though the cSun 'has increased in size and scope
from an original twdvq pages to a current 26-page edi-
tion, our basic aims have remained unchanged.
Leaving World News headlines' to the dailies, the
cHaiti Suri> continues to harvest the important hgppen-
ings around us in order to provide interesting and en-
tertaining Sunday r adding.
Two basic principles have guided this iWwspaper sin-
ce its first.edition:
1) To Stjenghten the bond of understanding between
English speaking foreigners and the Haitian people;
2) And to reflect the spirit of Haiti and to assist in.
every way its marcl of progress.
These aims will continue to guide the ccfSun through
the years ahead.
,This coming year rill see the aSuns; increased in size
and valte as we intend to devote a jspeial sectiod week-
ly to Cap Haitien. tfe tourist mecca .?f the North.
1,000,000 tons. oi guano, the Hai-
tian navy, a bloody ax, the United
States Supreme Court.
*And the word -appertain. '
Let's go to the island:
. In 1804, when the Haitians, fin-
ally tired of liberty, fraternity and
equality kicked out their French
masters, Navassa Island was one
of several hot little stubs of rock
in the Caribbean Sea which fell
into Haitian hands. It was, about
70 miles off the Haitian coast. It
was two miles long by one and
three quarter miles wide, about'
300 feet above the sea at the. high-
est point and had no water, no
shade, no soil. The most that could
be sdid of it was that It was a men-
ace to navigation.
Then, July 1, 1857. one Peter
Duncan,. a rowing Yankee, discov-
ered 1,00,000 tons of guano on Na-
vassa Island. Guano was then
worth $40 a ton. Synthetic guano
had not even been thought of at
that time and our farmers needed
that gift of the seabirds for ferti-
Peter Duncan filed on Navassa
Island under the guano law of
1856 which, in effect, gave Amneri-
cans the right to mine guano whe-
rever they found it if no one chlas-
ed them off.
(Continued on page 16)
Artibonite.Man Has Lived As Woman
Most of o 5-Years: Sex Still A Mystery
With the acute world-conscious- man who had turned into a wo-
ss today concerning the pheno-
menal streak of nature that oper
ates a change in |the sexes, the
-Sun travelled to the Artibonite,
Wednesday, to check on a tip from
reliable sources that Haiti was
harboring it's own local cae of a
Accompanied by Dr. Yvon Beau-
brun of the .Hospital Dispensary
in Verrettes, your Reporter rode
to Marin,' the 3rd rural section of
Verrettes to talk it over with the
(Continued on page 2)
Flila, born a boy,.has lvtd^q4 heresixty.liye,ears as fi,
1 *- ,I
* C *.
- .-,,.W I -- ;
- -" F '... ".-*
**: -"/ "' .
Sunday, September 23rd 1956
48 Families Take Possession Homes Delegation To Itia ARTIBONITE MAN HAS LIVED
With Inauguration Of Port de Paix .a eetCon AS WOMAN
Workers City mention of the International i (Continued from Pcge 1) itio,., nature. The -Bocor. or iocal
Ct Bank of Reconstruction and De- i lanky, wiry woman known as Fi- medicine man reportedly inform-
development which opened in Was-liha.- She stood before a small ed the mother that if she wished
hington, D.C yesterday, c5lr luster of .cailles.' looking every this child to live, it would not sur-
The new Cite Ouvriere of ed the religious of thle dedication Turnier, Minister of Finan- .bit the typical, hard-working Ar- vie s a boy
Port-de-Paix was inaugurated ceremony. The National Order e an Commerce heads the i tibonitienc,. differing in appearan-
las SnamonnwtSer c and Commerce heads the boiti e Idfern naper
last Sunday morning, with Secre of Honor and Merit was confer- Haitian delegation. LCZ only from her five sister by As time went on. the boy grew
tary of Labor, Mr. Sejour Lau- red- upon Father Bonenfant by The First General Assembly of her emancipated attitude. i to manhood and was drafted into
rent presiding. Built at an estim- the Minister of Labor. the International Society for Fi- A slight stubble of beard covered the military service during the
ated cost of S15,000.00 from spe- A c~in d'hoqtneun- honoring teItnainl oit o i h
ated cost of n5,s00.00from spe- A M Vin d'honneure honoring nancing takes place the same ber face, and as she spoke in a time of President Nord Alexis.
cial funds furnished by OACO, Minister Laurent was given by Coferece Agenda in- masculine gravel-sounding voice, a One day while on a forced march,
the neat, comfortable homes are Bisbop'GuioL, at hi ,s residene day- The Conference Agenda in- macln.r elsudn Ica
the neat, comfortable homes oare Bishop'Guio at his residence, ludes several questions relative I large adam's apple worked up and with the troops, the young soldi-
earthquake-proof, with roofs of after which the guests visited to the problems of under-deve- down in Filia's throat. Her me- er was suddenly seized with a
fibre-cement. A 5,000-gal.lon-capa the Cathedral now being renino- I
fibrteemenr.A 5,000-gallon-capa the Catthedral now being rey o eloped countries of the Americas. oium-leglth hair was gray and ar-' -crise de loa. f became possessed).
parity reservoir will supply the rated the preliminary cost of Minister Turnier is expected to ranged in typical style of the com
City with drinking water. Forty- which is estimated at $15.000.00. have discussions with the heads munity. Considered a sick man, he was
eight poor f-amilies took posses- The Church, known as the old[ aedsusoswt h ed uiy osdrdasc ah a
eight poor families took posses- The Churchofthe IBRD in connection with It took considerable rime to con sent home. The family legend has
sion of the new homes on Mon- ,singing Cathedral of Haiti, the financing of a program of 'vince the woman that our small it that one day after recuperating
day morning. Each residence con will be provided with a coupola economic development prepared party had not come to arrest her, a -little,. the soldier went to bathe
sists of a bedroom, drawing- and two towers at an estimated by the Haitian Government. but only was interested in her in the nearby Artibonite River, -
room and lavatory. The houses cost of of S50.000.00. I Others composing the delega- as a personality. -.! he. never returned. In his place
were built of cement blocks, and iReception were offered by D include Mr. Pierre Benoit I Displafiying typical feminine co- came one in the dress of a
because of the difficulties of the puty Kernizan and Mayor Loni- of the Department of Finance' quetry, 4lia, wanted- to change woman, and from that day on
site, the foundations were laid dor, after which a hearty Messrs. Edmond Policard and ; from her caraco-pendingue. of -she. continued to wear women's
with concrete. luncheon was given at the home Pierre Cauvin of the Banque blue denim to more formal attire clothing.
of Colonel E. Deus Day, 'X litaNy Nationale de la Republique or her Stuiday best, when she was Filia has a completely nmascu-
The carrying out of the final District Commander of Port-de- d'Haiti. who will act as Govern- asked to pose for a picture. -She line frame, but she works in the
phases of the new city has been 'Pa-. or ai. and advisors of the dele- i wore a medallion around her fields, and carries water from the
entrusted to Engineers Nazon Other personalities attending nation for the International Mo-i neck, but no earrings hung from river as all good farm womer of
and Pereira, and is expected to the festivals were Prefect Ca- netary Funds. i her ears. the region should
be completed within the next yard, Deputy Roy, Deputy Mau- e es t s hd
few months, ge. Captain Celigny R- Elie, Lieu i She. confided that she had a
Impressive religious and civil tenant Rene Jacques and Second great chagrin. As a woman who On our visit to her region Wed-
ceremonies marked the Sunday Lieutenant Henri Namphy. enjoyed the confidence of the en- nesday, she was persuaded to sub-
morning inauguration at Port-de- The Secretary of Labor retur- tire community, it was she who mit to a medical check with Dr.
Paix- A high mass !a thanksgiv- need to the-Capital by. car with a had been -chosen to keep the Beaubrun. in the privacy of a
ing was said by Father J. Piette stop-off in Bassin Blen, while funds of the cooperative bank. .cAile-. But later Dr. Beaubrun
in the Chapel at Montfort, in the the remaining members who ac- Recently Filias home burned emerged rather disappointed to
presence the- Bishop, Monsei- companies him on the trip flew .down, and the 9000 gourdes report that Filia had stubbornly
gneur Albert GuioL The Reve- in to Port-au-Prince via COHA- S 400) of the community chest di refused to undergo'an exploratory
rend Father Bonenfant erto e Herform- TA plane.u e appeared in the flames. Although examination. Alas! the doctor
rend FaterBon-fnt-eror-TAplane.the people's confidence in her is could make no authentic report.
unshaken, she is very much af-
AMBASSADOR ROY TASCO DAVIS fcted b this maleur, When Filia was pressed tO make
SPENIIIING WEEK AT GITMO BASE .Slowly Your Reporter was able a statement as to whether or not
S EN NG in to draw*Flia out, ana she hesi- she had a' -menage, (a boy
... .... ... ... -, tantly adm itted that she has never friend}, the whole- com m unity
American Amoassador Roy
Tasco Davis left by plane on
Wednesday afternoon for a
-week's stay at the U.S Naval
Base at Guantanamo Bay, Em-
bassy officials announced this
Purpose of the Ambassador's
visit will be to complete his re-
cuperation from painful but not
serious injuries suffered in an
accident at his Born-don residen-
ce a week and a half ago.
Ambassador Davis was under
treatment at the Hopital du Ca-
nape Vert until Tuesday of this
week. wnen ne nan snown su
marked improvement that
was permitted to return hon
He was high in his praise
the staff of the hospital, inchlu
I inK. doctors, nurses and attend
anti. He alsb expressed appre4
tion for the interest of the ma
persons who called or inquiry
after him during his stay in t
Until the Ambassador's reti
to the chancellery next we
Embassy activities will be und
the direction of Charge d'Afl
res J. Paul Barringer.-
WE HAVE JUST RECEIVED
WHETHER IT'S FOR WEDDING OR
WE HAVE AN ASSORTMENT OF
DIAMOND RINGS AND OTHER
JEWELRY INCLUDING WEDDING
RINGS GOLDCHARMS CROSSES
PENDANTS-CHAINS AND ETC...
Mr J. Paul Barringer, new:y arriv-
ed Deputy Chief of Mission and.
Counselor'of the US. Embassy.
'y De La Guardia's
The President Elect of Panama
urn His Exe. Ernesto de la Guardia Jr
ek. who is now guest of the Govern-
ler meant and Haitian people, will be
f'ai- sworn in soon after his return to
Panama, after touring several
The Government of the Repub-
lic of Haiti will send an important
delegation to the inauguration ce-
remonies in Panama.
This delegation includes:. Mr.
Salnave Zamor, President of the
Aouse, of Deputies; Ambassador
Louis Decatrel, Colonel Pierre
Montrosier, The Secretary Gener-
al of Foreign Department, Mr. Mau
rice Clermont, the Attache at the
Haitian Embassy in Panama, Mr.
Edouard Laleau, and Lt. Max Deet-
The delegation will leave for Pa-
nama a few days before the inves-
Naval Chief Feted
The new American Naval Miss-
ion head, Commander Charles B.
Henriques arri'v-ed here on the SS
.'Ancon. from New York on Mon-
day. He was accompanied by h3is
wife.'They were greeted on arrival
by officials of the American Em-
bassy. and officials of the Haitian
SCommander Henriqiiez, of the
IU. S. Na'vy. was honored at a dirr-
,ner given by Commander Bayard
- ) ) f the Haitian Coast Guard Service.
Sit Hotel Choucoune, on Friday
Commander and Mrs. Henriques
were the guests of honor at a re-
ception given on Thursday evening
from 6.00 to 8.00 by the Comman-
'Ier Charles of the U.S. Navas Mis-
sion to Haiti at the PPetionville
Club in Bourdon.
known the biological sensations broke into laughter. For them
common to man or woman, this was the -impossible, for their
Filia. As to her whom nature had
Piecing together the story ob- played an odd trick, she has only
trained from Filia and her relati- this philosophical phrase 'she
yes, it would appear that this i would work and wait until God
woman was born the sixth son in called her
the familyA. The other sons had I Perhaps the oddest note to. this
all died in infancy. The surv-iv-inmg interesting situation is that even
boy was taken by his mother to. the people six. kilometers away
a 'Bacor, some sixty-old years in Verrettes had no knowledge of
ago when Voodou had people at the case of Filia, once a man in
its mercy though their supersti- the army of ,Tonton Nord.,
presente, dis aujourd'hui 22 Sept.
et tous les soirs
le fameux Compositeur
S et. sop Quarteto de Cuba
dans des danses et chansons
Venez tons en foule au COOL
c BAMBOCHE ROOM
Sunday, September 23rd 1956
Kindergarten has Walt Disney settriiiiinmings
A new Kindergarten that re- examination by the attending
sembles one of the colorful sett- physician, Dr Edith HudicotWt
ings J'. Walt Disney's Wonder- a specialist in pediatry, who also
land, and is a milestone in private vaccinates them.
initiatve and the education of The veil-balanced diet arrang-
Haiti's tiny-tots, will open in the ed for the school cafeteria is
Capit-al, October 1st also the work of the school phy-
Tbe Jacqueline Turian esta- sician.
blishment which opened here Tie children's meals are pre-
sixyears ago at Chemin des Dal- pared in an immaculate, beau-
les, has been moved to its new titul new kitchen, adequately
prcmi-'es in a reconditioned 30- equipped and provided with the
year-old ginger-bread-style home modern facilities and utensils of
ii the quiet, serene Bois Verna. the model American kitchens.
This is a section of Port-au-Prin- They dine in style at small ta-
ce where old-style homes look bles and forms, attractively ar-
benignly down upon a traffic-less ranged on the long, open veran-
paved '.ruelle.- ,da situated on one side of the
Mrs. Jacqueline Turian-Cardo- house
zo, and her husband Lloyd have The color theme and decora-
expendetd thousands of dollars lions carried out everywhere in
on their new model school, e- the school building and in the
quipping it with all the modern yard is.designed to capture the
facilities used in the great infant faicy and the interest of the
educational centers of the Uni- happy' tots in this veritable Won-
For the training of their Kin-
dergarten colony composed of A well-planned school program
kiddies from the leading Haitian includes gymnastics, dancing,
and' foreign families of Port-au- singing, vocabulary, and even
P r in c e, the Cardozos h a v e basic mechanics. The assembling
thought of just- about everyth of the parts of a small scamion
ing-airy, sunlit classrooms, swim- \%ill be taught to small boys. A
ming-paddling pools, sald pits, model toy kitchen, set up in the
mountains of toys, and the 4safe- salon of the kindergarten is cal-
ty first) element of a school lo- culated to arouse the curiosity
cation, of tiny future housewives. The
A child attending the new Jac- toy kitchen is devised to stress
quelinp Turian school will have 'the practical rather than the sty-
no traffic problem in alighting lish side of the subject. Tuition
from a vehicle. The cars pass rales are streamlined to $6:00
from 1st Impasse Lavaud, then per month at the school.
a school drive-in arrangement al- The program also includes the
lows the little passengers to be Week-en.d Cinema for the kid-
delivered within the safety of dies, where special children's
the court yard, after hvhich the films will be shown on Saturdays
car continues out through Im- and Sundays.
passe Cardere. The school Zoo is another fore
The office of the Directress is sight of the Cardozo's, designed
at the entrance, and Mrs. Cardo- to aid the children in identifying
zo's inter-corn system installed the various animals. Its present
in her' office will permit direct population includes guinea pigs,
communication with the five rabbits, native pigeons as well
classrooms, and at tihe same time as foreign species, dogs, cats,
allow her keen eye to follow the tortoises, hens, gold fish, a hams
activities in the bright array of ter and two goats. Soon to be
gynmastic structures at the added are a monkey and a Oar-
front of the school. rot, ordered from Venezuela.
All classrooms have adjoined Last year's enrollment of 200
tot-size wash basins and toilets, pupils is expected to be topped
and ir-dividual lockers. Canvas this year in- the new school lo-
lounging chairs are also provid- cation, and 300 kindergarteners
cd for each of the little folk to can be easily accomodated, in
have a daily cbeauty nap. the ginger-bread house built by
Everything for the children's Eng Lkon Mathon in 1926 and
use has been carefully calculat- which was remodelled,:' by his
ed on a pint-size basis, and be- Son, Paul.
sides the remarkably large num- What is sure to please the kid-
her of wash basins, there is dies, and which is almost a temp-
plenty of hot and cold running talion to visiting grown-ups iF
water, the remarkable collection of
Before a pupil is admitted to toys, and the canvas pool install-
the school, he is given a medical ed in the court yard for the ti-
,ent ri vin a' the Cii"' ''e l
... FirIst chenals rrinzng at the Chzl dren's Hotel
niest tots \vhich Lloyd Cardozoer and granddaughter of noted After studying and specializ-,
purchased for the school on his Haitian educators, whose mother ing in the United States, she re-
recent trip to the U.S. Madame Maud Turian Desva- turned to place her gift and
The school operates its own rieux, has directed a leading es- technique at the service of the
special bus to facilitate transport tablishment of learning at Che- parents for solving their pro-
'tation of the pupils, and last min-des-Dalles over the past blems of specialized education
'ear 100 regulars used this con- thirty years, has within the fast for their tiny tots, more than
'Venilent service, years established a record in the six years ago.
Directress Jacqueline, daught- top ranks of pedagogy. Now heading a staff which in-
cludes seven teachers, fifteen
helpers and the staff physician.
-,,she is ready to break her own
record in presenting this new
'. ,"' children' Wonderland to the fa-
74 miles of the Capital.
In quiet Bois .Verna Jacqueline Turian's new school.
Children's Hotel (Du Petit Poucet
Is Attached To Kindergarten
Mrs. Jacqueline Turian Cardo-
zo in keeping with her career de-
dicated to the small children of
Haiti solved another problem
for parents when she opened her
aHotel du Petit Poucet, last
July. This establishment is the,
first of its kind in Haiti, and per-
haps even the first in the West-
ern Hemisphere where hotal
guests are exclusively persons
between the ages of one and
twelve years old.
A real nursery atmosphere
prevails in the beautifully de-
corated little rooms of the chil-
dren's hotel, each with its indi-
vidual radio and room telephone
in gay colors. The telephones,
ieturallly, are only puppets v
for the tiny, busy hands and
conversations of the fertile ima-
ginative ot little'folk'.
One of the rooms is equipped
with a walker for the babies
earning tq walk. A different ty-
e of room is in the midst of the
others noticeable by its furnish-
ngs suitable for an adult. It is
there that th9 Governess is iis-
tailed to preside over the private
lives of tiny guests.
A laundry service busily hand-
les the situation of keeping clean
lingerie and linens required by
the <'small fry.
The hotel, although less than
three months old, already has
been receiving numerous guests
throughout the summer.
Besides well-balanced meals,
milks and mother care, the
little tikes are kept busy with
their numerous toys, games, and
The children at the hotel are
taken on planned excursions and
outings, in the country, and for
bus rides through the boule-
vards of the Capital.
With the activities of Jacque-
line Turian Cardozo in full
swing, it can be expected that
when something new for the de-
velopment of little minds and
bodies is required, it will be ad-
ded to the expanding technique
of this young educator and chain
pion of childreii.
S.. two young men share hotel room
Care Mission Chief
Leaves For New Post
Mr Leonard P. Mades, Chief
of the CARE Mission in Haiti
has been transferred, it was re-
vealed this week. Mr Mades and
his wife re expected to leave
for New York on September
27th. He will spend a few days
there before going to El Salva-
dor, where he will direct the
CARE Iroundation's aid to the
Mr Mades who arrived in Haiti
last September, as replacement
for Samuel Ziskind who had
been transferred, to the Fat East,
successfully ,pursued the work'
begun by his predecessor. Hun-
dreds of tool kits were distribu-
ted to the Vocational Centers.
He made an important donation
of hundreds of books to the Pu-
blic Library, and toured the rural
communities bringing aid direct
to the people.
Mrs Mades was an active se-
cond for her husband, and took
special interest in the work be-
ing done here for -the Handicap-'
ped children. She is also a talen-
ted news columnist. The Mades*
will be greatly missed from the
Installs Capt. Bazilk
As New Lottery
Before a large group assem-'
bled at the, Headquarters of
the institution on Rue Bonne Foi.
last Tuesday morning, Mr Alain
Turnier, Minister of Finance and
Commerce, proceeded with the
installation of the new Director '
of the Haitian State Lottery, Cap
tain Robert Bazile.
Minister Turnier spoke in glow
nlag terms of the new Director, as
an experienced Administrator,
from whom the Government
could expect great things, ter-
ming him one of the greatest of
the country today.
Mr Turner also had the high--
est priase for outgoing Direct6r
Frank Legendre who had given
splendid performance of his task
at the head of the organization
whose principal object is one of
On Health Trip
Senor Francisco de Arce, Cub-
an Ambassador to Haiti, left by
plane last Friday to enter one of
the large Havana medical .centers
for treatment. The Ambassador,
Dean of the Diplomatic Corps here
has been in ill health for quite
some time, dnd many friends Go-
vernment officials and Chiefs of
the Diplomatic Missions in Haiti
were at the airport to bid him
farewell and tmeilleure sante.'
The affairs of the Cuban Chan-
cellery in Port au Prince, during
the Ambassador's absence, will be
bandied by the Ambassador of
Chili, and by the Cuban Military
Attache, Colonel Valdivia.
PG4sHAM SUN ________ Sunday, September 23rd 1956
Singer Diane Adriar
Back In Town
Diane Adiien, the flaming-hai
ed personality-plus U.S. vocals
arrived this week for a two-da
visit. Diane who makes a speci-
lity of songs of the Caribbean ii
eluded a fascinating collection o
Haitian numbers in her album c
recordings by RCA Victor's Nev
Orthophoyic High Fidelity in Nei
York City. She featured several
authentic Voodoo chants whicl
won great acclaim, and hopes t
add others to a series under studs
Miss Diane has appeared recent
ly in Cuba and assembled numi
ers for a collection of typical
songs of this Island. She-also ap
peared in Ciudad Trujillo at thi
Hotel Embajador in a triumphan
tour of Hispaniola.
Port-au-Princiens may have op
portunity of applauding Miss Ad
rian at Hotel Riviera nert week
Reported changes in -the Haiti
an Diplomatic Service recently
concern the Embassies in Cubs
and PeroN. Ambassador Pierre Ri
gaud will go to his new post ln
Lima, Peru, after spending a few
days with the family here.
Former Minister of the Presi-
dency Jacques Fran'ois returns tc
diplomatic service as Ambassador
to Cuba; in replacement of Ambas-
The actual Ambassador to'Lima,
Peru, Mr. Dant6s Destinoble Ade
is expected to be sent to a new
New commercial firm
The .Columbian-Haitian Commer
cial and Industrial Society, S. A.
vas authorized, by Presidential-De
tree, to operate in Haiti. The new
Haitian Corporation has a capital
stock of $60,000.00 and will en-
gage in commercial enterprise in-
cluding the establishment of fact-
ories, farms, representing foreign
and local manufacturers, and oth-
er industrial and agricultural oper-
The Board of Directors includes:
Mr. Antonio Pineros, President;
Mr. Ignacio de Guzman, Vice-Pre-
sident; Messieurs Eduardo Suares.
and Mario Franco, members.
Mrs. Udo Nirk left Wednesday
afternoon for Mexico after a visit
here with relatives. Accompanied
by her 7-year-old son Donald Rus-
sell, Mrs. Nirk will join her hus-
band iA Mexico City where the
couple expect to spend the next
six months. Mr. Nirk, a Canadian,
i.s proprietor of the 'Stop-Snack
: Bar and Restaurant. in Montreal,
where the couple reside.
Mrs. Nirk, the former Gaby
Francois Jean-Charles, is on her
sixth trip to Mexico, and conver-
ses freely in French, English and
Spanish. Enroute, she and Don
will spend two weeks in Cuba be-
fore taking their boat to Mexico.
After a reunion with hubby there,
Donald will be sent back to his
classes in Montreal, and the Nirks
will fly to Ecuador for a visit be-
fore returning to Canada.
The two other Jean-Charles sis-
ters are presently touring Europe,
on their first trip across the -At-
Substantial reward offered to
anyone finding brief case Mexic-
ai leather, color, brown, embos-
sed with Azteque motif, contain-
ing personal papers belonging to
Miss Anna M. Mattes. Notify or
Communicate with SCISP at
Chancere'lles, or with Point IV,
in the Cite de l'Exposition.
w Mr. PETER CARUANA, wife and daughter Josette, are at the British
w Consulate in Port Said, Egypt. The Caruanas were in Haiti for ove:
al two years. Josette writes that she misses tranquil Port au Prince.
h DAVID HOLDEN, who visited with the -Sun. for two weeks las
o year while London Times Correspondent in Washington, is now coy
V. ering the Suez situation from Port Said.
t- LOUPA is well settled back to -Life in a Haitian Valley., after hi:
b- New York sejour. He was .on a Health-cum-pleasOre trip.
I] AURELE LECONTE, Haiti's Commercial Attache at the Embass.
i- in Washington arrived here last Friday.
e BANQUE NATIONALE's new annex on Rue du Centre schedule
t to begin operations the first of October.
SENOR HERNANDO ARANGO, First Secretary of the Columbiar
- Embassy left last Friday.
- U.N. EXPERT JACQUES ROSSIGNOL returned from, two rionthE
Vacation in France this week. During his sojourn in Europe, he visited
Sthe International Bureau of Labor Headquarters. Mr. Rossignol is now
attached to the Cap Haitien Professional School where sections ol
Woodwork, Electricity, and Automobile Mechanics will be opened Oct
DANIEL THEARD, Chief of Protocol was been delegated as Ambas
Y sador Extraordinary, in special mission, to represent Haiti at the inau
Sgural ceremonies in El Salvador when President-elect Jose Maria Le-
mus takes the oath of office. Mr. Th6ard travelled aboard the same
Plane flying President Magloire to the U.S., and flew from Miami to
the Central American State. He will preside over the Haitian delega-
tion which includes Senor Braulio Perez Marchant, Uonorary Haitian
Consul n Salvador. .................................
ALBERT SILVERA, proprietor of the enlarging Hotel El Rancho, is
on an extensive public relations tour of Europe.
BISHOP VOEGLI of the Sainte Trinit6 Episcopal Church, went to
the States, Friday. During the first two weeks of his two months' visit
Sto the U.S., Bishop Alfred Voegli reportedly will make 15 speeches.
Mrs. ALEXANDER EVANS, presently residing in Petion Ville, will
open a new air-conditioned store between the RCA and Frank Millet's
Barbershop, early December. It is to be an elegant ladies' shop.
GENERAL LANDON, our Ti-Joe Panama Correspondant Reports, is
'sponsoring a dancing class at Albrook Air Base on the Isthmus. The
General, in charge of the Caribbean command, believes that his 'wide
blue yonder boys' should know how to handle themselves on the dance
piste- as well as in the clouds, when on duty in Latin America. We
hear he has ten couples proficient in the Haitian meringue.
A BULL-DOZER -capot6 down a ravine on the Diquini works and
is estimated a $23,000.00 loss.
GERARD J. GILMORE, Assistant Vice-President of the American
Express Company, was at the El Rancho last week-end. Mr. Gilmore
who visited practicallysall of Potion Ville and Port au Prince hotels
piloted by Mr. Max Nargil, in his 24-hour whirlwind visit, said he was
astonished at the progress made since his last visit, sixteen years ago.
THe broke the good news that American Express will start regular con-
ducted tours, fortnightly ,to Haiti, like they already do in Europe.
In addition his Company will arrange package tours to Port. George
Kenn invited the distinguished tourist authority to6 dinner at Chou-
coune, Saturday night. At the table were Mr. and Mrs. Max Nargil,
Evelyn Froen and Mrs. Kenn.
GENERALISSIMO TRUJILLO in a full page add in 'The Miami
Herald, with his picture and a cliche of the so-called isle of progress,
give the other side of the Galindez story It is some memo-
LE REFUGE has closed down until further notice.
CUBANA DE AVIACION has discontinued its flights between Port
au Prince and Ciudad Trujillo as of this week.
LIEUTENANT DANIEL BEAUVOIR, and his Morality Brigade receive
ed congratulations from the daily press this week for cleaning up pros-
titution plied public in the neighborhood of the Place des Hdros de
........ .. ..... ...... ...
Mr. STEPHENSON, and Haul Fernandez, Frederick Snare Corpora-
tion VIP's from New York and Cuba visited their work, installation
of Reynolds Mining shoreside plant at Miragane, and checked wage
increases with the Minister of Labor.
Mrs. RYAN, wife of Jack Ryan, Project Manager of Reynolds Mining
in Haiti, returned from her trip to the States and Mexico in time to
observe the anniversary of Mexicp's Independence with her husband
in Port last weekend.
THE HENNING'S KENNELS are again housing pups. The Henning's
female Boxer, Dauphin's 'Honey Torsen. sired by the Lungwitz's 'Pha-
eton Skipper, has six offspring, three boys and three girls. By Sept-
ember 27, when six' weeks old (age of weaning)) they will be ready
for the market and interested dog hunters can negotiate at a nominal,
sum. A.K.C. parentage papers are available upon request. And dog
lovers on-the-hunt might like to make a trip North to Plantation Dau.
phin to pick up their pet, as home delivery cannot be easily managed
by Kay and the wife.
Stops Perspiration! Stops Odor!
Kills Germs that cause odor!
RADIO HAITI ((21))
-RADIO HAITI, attained the age of 'majeure, on Monday morning.
when its 21st anniversary was observed. Ricardo Widmaier, proprietor
of the broadcasting station, proudly acknowledged the hundreds of
congratulatory messages received as he commemorated the founding
of the commercial radio post, and was particularly satisfied with the
compliments that hailed 'Radio Haiti, as the star of Radiodiffusion sta-
tions in Haiti, and his achievement is an important contribution to
diffusion of culture in this country. Son Herby Widmaier's Thursday
evening -Music Caravan' has won him fame as Haiti's first English-
language disc jockey. Jean Saurel, who presides over the mike from-
6:00 P.M. upwards each night was- discovered, by the Widmaiers who
hardly ever remember that Jean's smooth performance -is done from
braille, as he announces in French, Ennglish and Spanish.
FACUNDO RIVERO and his group (five in all) are at the Riviera
for a week. Issa El Saieh who saw the group in Rome last year when
they were on a tour with Zavier Cugat said they are the best foreign
performers to visit Haiti in a long time. They left Havana's famous
'Sans Souci. to come to Port. ..................
CAR FOR SALE FOR RENT
Caterpiller ,D6 Tractor with
Angling Blade, Rear double
Oldsmobile Convertible, .1949 drum cable control with or with-
model, in good condition, for out Ripper and Rome Plow.
sale]. Motor was overhauled last Phone : 2238 3486 Joseph
mdnth. Telephone 3217. Nadal & Co.
* Three flights Aaily from New York V
* Five flights each week from Curacao
* Choice of De Luxe Service with complimentary
SleepAirs or economical Tourist Service.
Sunday, September 23rd 1956 HAITI SUN
THE HAITIAN ENGLISH LANGUAGE NEWSPAPER
Community Weekly Published Sunday Morning
EDITOR-PUBLISHER BERNARD DIEDERICH
GERANT-RESPONSABLE PAUL E. NAJAC
WE ARE GRATEFUL FOR YOUR ENCOURAGEMENT
We, of the <,HAITi 5SON>, can find no words to adequately
express our thanks and deep appreciation for the notes and
congratulatory messages received from the many friends of
the paper on the occasion of our Sixth Anniversary, on Sept-
As space-tloes not permit us to reprint all the letters of
encouragement, kind wishes, and felicitations, wve are taking
this opportunity of saying a big ,THANK YOU* to one and all.
We are especially proud of the fraternal and elogious com-
ments consecrated to the SUN) by our colleagues of the pow-
er ful daily press the Capital's principal newspapers:
On the threshold of our seventh year as Haiti's English-
language newspaper, we are firm in our determination to keep
-faith with the principles that have earned for us the sentiments
expressed by our friends and colleagues.
,As a completely independent newspaper, dedicated to the
Republic of Haiti, we will continue our mission and self-im-
poseai duty of contributing, in our small way, towards the
progress and cultural development of this great little country
in its courageous pursuit of health, wealth and happiness for
its proud citizens.
- WHAT USE IS EDUCATION
With the approach of the new Academic Year, a very timely
and fine essay on <
is Education,> was written in answer to a letter of an Ontario
schoolgirl who asked:
Education will open up to you the opportunity to follow
the true, the beautiful and the good, to avoid vulgarity and
false sentiments, by providing you with standards by which
to judge values. It will enable you to decide what will contri-
bute t6ward your happiness in life. Without education, how
can you discern what is good for you? What is truite or false?
What is lovely or ugly?
((Education ends only with one's life. What you learn at
school is something to which you must add year by year, and
pass on to others.)
All education is useful. It becomes one's personal instrum-
ent when we so absorb it that we will be able to determine
three vital things: Where we are, where we are headed and
what we had better do under the circumstances.
A STORY FULL OF GAS
A -Confidence man*, one who is not very confident of suc-
cess, is endeavoring to make a fastt buck> in a novel way.
The ,con mans, has been reported to approach a home or
establishment with a plea
ployee or messenger who could be trusted to fulfill an urgent
S.O.S. mission on behalf of a friend caught short without funds
There is nothing about his person or manner to arouse sus-
picion, in fact one of his victims describe him as having an
He is just sufficiently non-descript in appearance to' em-
bolden him in his trade. Counting on not being recognized, he
made a second trip to the same establishment, contacted a
different member of the family and walked calmly off with
in need. Later, when the folks were comparing notes they
found that they had both paid the same amount for the same
friend's gas, but as for description of the messenger both tal-
by the earnestness of the ;con man. V
The moral of this tale is < sufficient.v
DaE A,,ACIO' CxA
a C, lU. d CAi.
DEPART die PAu..P Pour touted Infopmuotions
VERS MiaMi .... et Reservations,voy9 vo le
MirMi Mdatco'ift S"ME OL_ R ENTc, E'TOyAlGES ou .a
VERSCTj..et5 ,,-Jun... CA
J uwiet iMH_ 90.Rue PAVE.
4' HAITI REPUBiOUEE
September 11, 1956
Dear Bernard :
My first visit to Haiti was such
a delightful trip that I should
like to express my gratitude to
the people' who'were so kind to
me, if I may, through the Haiti
Sun. The feeling of Haitian
warmth and friendliness is un-
forgettable, and I do hope to re-
turn in the near future.
I should like to thank the ma.
nagement and staff of the Rivie-
ra Hotel; -Mr. Pierre Chauvet of
the Government Tourist Office;
Mr. George Heraux and tourist
guides; Mr. and Mrs. Pierre d'A-
desky; Mr Baussan of Rhum
Barbancourt; J. Abu Jaber of
Belle Creole. and everyone who
made me feel so welcomed in
'May I extend a special greet-
ing to the Talamas family Cana-
pe Vert and Joe for their kind-
ness and hospitality.
I hope to see you all again on
my return trip to HaitiL
(S) Betty Hi-sch
Vogue Travel Service
will publish my feelings on the
While the heads of the schools
and the National Board of Edu-
cation are putting the last touch
to the programme for the new
Academic Year 1956-57 it is
unfitting to talk about what
the schools offer to children and
students in general as recrea-
The records showed that most
of the failures enregistered in
the last <4.bachot: exams were
due to the students indifference
to learning or to the present me-
thod which is no more applica-
ble. since in modern standard it
Putting aside the material im-
pediments that educators and stu-
dents as well encounter in Haiti,
the problem wiUl not be solved
,by a more revision of the educa-
tion prograMm. Most of the
points involved have been alrea-
Now, it should be pointed aut
that the schools do not offer
much to students in the recrea-
tion field which is an integral
part of education It is a fact
that the level of studies in Haiti
are becoming lower each year.
It is the fact that legion of young
men who could make their fu-
ture in a technical profession are
waiting their time in the Lycees
and the Colleges. Do they' indul-
ge in sports and games?
SThe most decent sport for the
present day Haitian student is
MORE SPORT NEE D flaerv" and dancerr. .Physical
MORE SPORT NEEDED ,education is dispensated more or
IN SCHOOLS less seriously by one or two
schools. The fact remains that
Dear Editor, I most students do not know how
-to use their passtime and if they
I know the <,Haiti-Sui is in- do, they lack encouragement and
terested in the future of Haitian guidance- Footballis practiced by
youth, therefore. I am sure you a few an elite which is recruited
Take these facts Along
when you're "shopping" for spares
There's only one reliable source for
Genuine Caterpillar Spares ... your
Caterpillar alene has the experience in
research, metallurgy, manufacturing tech-
niques and performance.
You tan't "look under the hide" when
you buy spares. Two parts which look
alike on the surface may be vastly
different in quality and fit.
To be sure of performance, don't go "shopping" for bargains in spares.
Buy only Genuine Caterpillar Spares... .reasonably priced and ex-
pertly made.. from your authorized Caterpillar Dealer.
RE*1ISTER-- TRADE MAR"
by the Leagues of Port-au-Prin-
ce, although it is our sport na-
In the good old days, there
was a season for each game and
it is unfortunate that the tradi-
tion was not kept. The school-
children and even students play-
ed 4toupiev (top), ccerf-volant
(kite), bille, (marble game), cral
ba', ,carreaux, tsoldats mar-
ronsr, edrapeaun, etc...
In our days, only the priviled-
ged schoolchildren are offered
such distractions in the modern
kindergarten. There is no play
ground, no stadium (Stade Ma-
gloire is not always opened to a-
mateurs, so they play in the
streets), no tennis courts (except
two or three -private ones), no
If nothing is done to teach
youngster and students how to
spend their spare time, the time
when everybody will start to
worry about juvendl delinquency
will not delay to arrive.
HAITI SUN Sunday, September 23rd 1956
From Millionaire To Humanitarian
MELLONS SWAP LIFE OF LUXURY FOR
ONE OF SERVICE TO ARTIBONITIENS
DESCE APELLES, Haiti (AP) I N.,a
-The full happy life of a well
mannered millionaire was beginn- "p
ing to unfold for Wiiliam Larimer o
Mellon Jr. in 1947.
Scion of the Pittsburgh Mellons
and grand ephew of tycoon An-
drew W. Mellon, young Mellon, at ,. .
37, already had retired from : ,.
whatever it is that millionaires re-
tire to his new house and ranch a
in Arizona with his wife and cbil-
The house was exquisite; the
scenery gorgeous. Life opened like
a flower, and young Mellon calm- .....
ly plucked it for his well-tailored oh ""
lapel. What more could a man ask?
Home, family, money in the bank,
banks in the family.
Thep one day the lounging mil-
lionaire chanced to flip 'through a
picture magazine and came across
an article on the work of Dr. Alb-
ert Schweitzer in the jungles of
Here was another man who had
retired retired from a brilliant
career as a, theologian, organist,
teacher and musicologist to beca.
me a doctor and devyte his life to Dr. Melon and New Patients
the A.fric~an natives.
te'Arictan ia n rry Mellon cities, laboratories, dental clinic eke out an existence in the rice
FProm that day bn, Larry Mellonand morgue, on a 100-acre tract paddies and on the small farms
was never the samp. The flower of granted by the government. Ann- along the great Artibonite river.
luxury shriveled and died on the ual upkeep runs 'to about $200,000. Only one thing remains and that
rocks of his new ambition. Mellon Another 100-acre government grant already is taking form. A monu-
was consumed wi$*. a passion to provided farm-land for the institu- ment tO Dr. Albert Schweitzer will
serve life rather "hn constantly tion to raise its own food. The soon rise near the floodlit fountain
call on it for root.. service. Giant Foundation got also 11 staff on the tropical-lush hospital
At an age when most millionai- bungalows, originally built for a grounds.
res are trading in their polo .pon- banana plantation.
ies for racing stablqs,.*Mellon, who
had quit Princeton in his fresh- Fnur American nhvsicians, all f ,.-'"2V.7' -
men year went back to school to
begin the long preparation for the
new days ahead.
Seven years later he enrierged
from Tulane University medical
school in New Orleans as Dr. Wil-
liam Larimer Mellon Jr., devoted
disciple of Dr. Albert Schweitzer.
The man in the smoking jacket
had become the man in the white
coat. For Mellon, the next step was
With his wife, the former Gwen
Grant, whose family established
the philanthropic Grant Fotndat-
ion, he had visited Haiti in 1952
to gather material for his doctor's
dissertation on "tropical ulcer^.,
The paper was well received by
the examining board. Like most
dissertations, it was probably for-
gotten. But Mellon never forgot
his trip to Haiti; the poverty, the
helplessness, the physical miseries
of the rural population.
In the broad, sloping Artibonite
Valley in Desehapelles, Dr. Mellon
built the Albert Schweitzer Memo-
rial Hospital, a two million dollar
50 bed hospital in one of the poor
est and most thickly populated ar-
eas in the western hemisphere. -
On his 46th birthday last June
26th, two years after construction
began under the direction of ar-
chitect Robert Law, Dr. Mellon
quietly opened the doors of his
cyclone and earthquake-proof struck
ture to begin carrying out his be-
lately discovered life mission. I
But the doors did not swing open
to everyone. To avoid being swam
ped with applications from all over
the island, Dr. Mellon had to limit
his facilities to treating the 50.000
natives who lived nearby. He map-
ped out a 400-acre hospital district.
Those outside the perimeter must
use the dispensary-hospitals run by
the government board of health.
Dr. Mellon built his modern, air
conditioned hospital, complete with
three operating rooms, X-Ray fa-
specialists, two laboratory techni-
cians qnd four nurses, in addition
to a Haitian dentist and other trai-
ned native personnel, assist Dr.
Mellon, who acts as director but
still does most of the diagnoses.
Mrs. Mellon presides at the re-
ception desk. Tan, Michael 'and Ro-
sane, children of Mrs. Mellon's
first marriage collect the two gour
des (about 40 cents) registration
fee and advise patients that only
one gourde will be required for the
next visits. Out-patients can buy
medicine at cost.
Less than 10 years after the
first possessed him. Larry
scion of the Mellon milli-
hard at work devoting his
the humble peasants who
AGENCIES OT1S McALLISTER, S.A.
AGENTS DE MANUFACTURES
Three convenient *Aeekly flights to take
you into the gay, romantic atmosphere
of the Pearl of the Antilles!
Only 90 minutes from Port-au-Prince
to Santiago de Cuba by CUBANA!
For information and reservations see your
Travel Agent or call Pan American World
Airways, Rue Danter Destouches, Phone 3451
T sTAUGroeriD M*
L 9 NKTOU1WIND3"IRANDN
On Sale at all The Best Groceries.
DEPARTURES FROM PORT-AU-PRINtCE:
Monday, Wednesdays, Fridays, o; 1:25 p. m.
Sndav. September 23rd 1956 HAITI SUN PAGE 7
SMALL INDUSTRY IS TRIPE j
By PEEWEE I 3 /
You cannot say that the Port au \
Princien lacks enterprise. Walk "
around the Capital and you will i' "
discover numerous cases where an / I "
individual or individuals with no
high school or even Kindergarten r
training to draw from, have open- I
ed up a business which reflects
this enterprising spirit. Unfortun- i
ately it is not every one of these
ambitious minded persons that
break the barrier to a higher stan-
dard of living'but just ensure the -
low living standard they already i '
Takc for example the little group f l
of cith'ens who one sees daily from
the new boulevard running through
La Sahline. They are encamped on
the bay shore opposite the abat- _--
toir ii, a skeleton wooden frame
from which hang the innards of .commeres' and -compereso work
cattle The smell is nauseating to .aily on the intestines of cattid to
the point that even germs are kept prepare .affibas, dried and season-
at bay. But tinder that little wood- Ad guts that is sold to the peas-
en frame an old man and several ants throughout the Republic.
A BAS LA CRAPULE
BY EIMILE ROUMER JEREMIE
Moune commence bouquer ac crapules, colbindecs, gala-
piats, d6glingu6s, demeur6s, malfrats qu'ap empoisonn6 R6.u-
blique d'Haiti. Pou charongnes qa yo oun president c6 oun
papa Noel, oun deus ex machina qui pral permette zott plein
poches yo pluss que sous gouvernemvnt pass.
En fetilletant Le Matin m'tomb6 sou oun passage qui int6-
ress6 m' en pile: -C'est- ainsi que 86 producteurs caf6 Don-
don r-uni Ian otun soci6t6 cooperative agricole
batte,, yb r6uni pluss que 1.000 dollars cash, oun propri6t6 ac
force mnateriaux. Semaine passe, president ac grant society
a enlr6 en contact ac Darbouco pou acquisition machinerie.
Yo profit s6jour Port-au-Prince pou faire Andr6 Dumesle vi-
site. Sous-Secrdtaire d'Etat Agriculture qui int6ress6 & toute
questions agricoles pas marchand6 conseils i. Pou 1' marquer
coument 1' rinmin encourager pareil initiatives, li offri yo oun
d6pulpeur ac oun pompe A moteur qui vaut 550 dollars.
Lan point oun habitant en Haiti qui pas senti I' fier lors 1'
connin magnifique geste Andr6 Dumesle. Min oun Gouver-
nement qui employ d6 z'hommes con ca, dd citoyens capable,
d6 chefs au courant vOritable besoin people la, oun Gouver-
nemernt pareil pas dou6 voyer colbindecs J&r6mie pou toute
victims cyclone Hazel cri6 GrAce, la Mis6ricorde!... Nous subi
trope pou autorit6s choisi n6griers ac esclavagistes pou eraser
efforts habitants qui v16 ranger situation yo. Ca zott poter pou
yo vine l'en s6par6!...
AndrW Dumesle c6 ministry toute habitants, ce6 pas negs
Dondon cui douO joui savoir fai 1', clairvoyance li seulement
Gouvernement c6 pas oun loterie pou oun parti citoyens b6-
nefici6 tandis que 16 z'autre lan misere parce qjue malechance
zott faith yo tomber sou oun salet6.
Oun seul crapule pas gain droit mWt6 oun region en arriere
parce que li joinde negs libre oui pas cab accepter oun n6-
grier ac oun esclavagiste commander vo.
Ij % -
- -,\ 11,
on TRoor- 69RDENY
HOMARO FIAiF3E specialy
Orchestre and ShoUJ
CONTEST ,j, &t PRIZES 56,
On sale a Russo Freres
INO E 0 .N
on sale at Rtisso Freres
ACCURATE INFORMATION AT OFFICE OF PANAMA LINE ONLY
RUE ABRAHAM LINCOLN, TELEPHONE 3062
...............Mffiba in the peasant
diet is what is *ti-sal6 in the me-
nu of the well to do city dweller.
It is either added to the -bouillon.
or cooked with ,mais moulu or
"petit mil.. But the *marchan' man
:,6 of the markets are those who
nay be use more (and they know
low to do it) affiba. It is the
' soul' of their famous 'bouillon
'.obeille- ( a deformation of the
French bouillon d'auberge (rich
soup served in the French Inns).
Hense the creole expression 4M'
)as nan lobeille avec ou or Qul
obeille va-a?" (I wont discuss with
/ou like a -commere' (woman)
why all this talking?) because peo-
ple babble around the "commere,'s
Anita who rules a little ,affiba.
industry opposite the <'Abattoirb
says the profit she has got from
the little industry has enabled
her to raise four children.
Anita explained that each day,
when she is short of supply, she
buys e.itire intestines (Food sup-
ply.system) of a 'boeuf for ap-
proximately ten to fifteen gour-
des depending on the size of the
Her group trr.nsport the messy
intestines across the road in ega-
melles i (wooden bassins) rind
than, clean it all with the aid of
razor sharp knives. The clean
intestines spend a night submer-
ged '-i salt water and a day or
two drying in the sun. The large
intestfnes are sold to the eaffiba-
malkers and the small ones are
sold to sausage makers. The o-
ther dried remains are sold as
furtilizers for gardens.
The hooves and hair scraped
from the cows are sold to mer-
chants who export them to the
Anita and het little group of
scraping -travailleurs, are a wel-
come breal in a monotonous bay-
line of fish nets, boats and smel-
House in Petionville Two bed-
rooms All commodities Wanted
by young couple Jean E. Saurel
1 American flag
All rooms with bath
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Vine Watches since 1791
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HAITI SUN Sunday, September 23rd 1956-
PAGE 8 __,--_ -....-- .
Per ardua ad Astra utmost to the high st
Last month, when Messrs. Leggett and Holly lectured to Haiti's Asso Corvington, Haitian Consul in -
elation of Architects and Engineers on the construction and social New York, Mr. Rene Moravia
implications of the Peligre Dam respectively, they had invited to do first class civil engineer and elec- MONDAY NIGHTS GRAND FOLKLORE
so by the society's president Mr. Harry Tippenhauer, as part of his trician, Mr. Roussan Camille the SHOW DIRECTED BY LAVINIA
.Planification. drive for the Republic. This engineer-architect, a firm poet-novelist, Mr. Yvan DesinorDANCE
believer in the necessity of technical direction in progress thinks that Plenipotentiary Minister of Hai- THU..RSDAY.E VEN NG DANCE
his association can help a great deal by bringing the country's cultural ti in Colunbia, Pierre Blain well LESSONS BY AVINIA AND PRIZE
and nractinlP problems into the limelight. known author and a, ,_r ___- and _Dr. -T .E
n,-,'tj~1 oobles ito te lieliht.01;-P,.,. 1- -l- FOP. BEST DANCERS
Indeed this belief in the value of technical knowledge has been the
driving force of the ex-secondary school teacher-University lecturer
whose 25 years of teaching ended in 1948.
In that year one of Haiti's fi-
nest secondary schools was clo-
sed down after 25 years merito-
rious service to the community.
The INSTIPUT TIPPENHAUER
with main school of 800 pupils
at the rue Lamarre (east of the
Seminary, now Ecoie Isidore
Boisrond) and annex at the cor-
ner of Rue Capois and Rue Dr.
Audain (now Ecole Republique
Argentine) was founded by Har-
ry Tippenhauer in 1923. The
first school in Haiti to give real
comprehensive training: Clas-
sics, Modern Languages and
Commercial studies at the secon-
dary level along with a primary
department (12th-6th grades) and
the philo and pre-university cour-
ses, the Institute was soon offi-
cially recognized by licence by
the University of Haiti on the
26th of September 1926. It was
subsequently recognized as a pu
blic Utility by Presidential de-
cree on the 12th of September
i But state recognition did not
mean government subsidy for
the institute. On tpe contrary the
headmaster-founder offered twen
ty scholarships to students selec-
ted by the government, and- ga-
ve free places to poor students.
When it was closed down in 19-
48 $ 45,000 were owed for tui-
tion and boarding (it was then
the largest boarding school in
Haiti). It is, significant that the
government is now using both
of the Institute's sites to house
schools. Mr. Tippenhauer has
rented them the rue Lamarre si-
te and they have their own
school where his annex used to
be (which incidentally had been
transformed by him from a cli-
nic to a school). The institute's
furniture was given to some of
the former teachers who have
opened schools of their own.
1**..*-' -s.. -.
What has been the contribu-
tion of this mamoth institute? It
might sound abstract but it has
been a very healthy and positive
one. The knowledge and confi-
dence -it instilled in the thou-
sands of students who passed
through its portals during those
25 formative years formed the
nucleus of the youngmen who
have been occupying important
positions in Haitian life since 19-
46. A greater section of the com-
munity had received the bene-
fit of a well rounded education
because of reasonable rates and
intellectual training of the hi-
ghest order given by a team of
young and capable teacher. In
deed President Stenio Vincent
had realized the value of the Ins
titute's work when he decorated
Mr. Harry TippenthaLer in 1932
for meritorious Service to the
youth of the country.
It is perhaps unfair to the thou
sands of useful citizens that have
graduated from the institute to
single out certain individuals for
special mention. However, some
of the more distinguished past
students of the cInstiiut Tippen-
hauere are Paul Corvington, Ma-
jor of the Haitian Aimy and the
present Director of thle Military
Academy, his brother Mr. Serge
On 7aAe at
Canap,.d t rt
S r .
Paul .Bourrely OriiamiL nrea L spe
cialist working in Chicago U. S.
A. These serve as an example of e
the comprehensive nature of the
institute; graduates have made A
name for themselves in the mili-
tary, diplomatic, tech:'cAl and li-
And what of the man whose
courage determination and fine ,
education was behind the insti-
tute? It is the finest tribute to
the' Republic that thi3 outstand-
ing educator got all his basic
training here in Haiti. He was _
educated at St-Louis de Gonza- t ne tand only
gue's up to the philosophy grade
(at which he studies Science, Phi
losophy (pure) and Literature ).
Then he went to the School of
Applied Sciences (now the Poly-
technic Institue) wh.,'se director atnd his m
was then Horace Etheart. Ambi-
tious Harry Tippenhauer did cor-
respondance courses with the Pu MIONDAY THURSDA
blic Works School of Paris and
soon became a lecturer at therrrT
School of Applied Sciences. He VILLA
gave 20 years uninterrupted ser-
vice (1928-48) teaching seven sub
jects-including instruction in e
the making of reinforced concrete Be sure to include
which was an entirely new sub- VILLA CREOLE
ject in Haiti. (When he gave Uo On your itinerary
this post a good successor could
hardly be found).
Mr. Harry Tippennauer grand-
son of a German from Ham-
bourg and Jeanty Fouche of Cap
Haitien is the soi of the man
who gave the start to the Haitian
American Company (Rudolp- \
Tippenhauer) and brother of bu-
sinessman Erir. This well travel- .
led father of six'children is now
in t h e construction business S .
while his wife (n6e Jeanne Lubo- -\ "' : .
nis) does charity work with a
group of Haitian women at the A
American Embassy. His eldest 1
son Carl has just returned from r ._
Paris, while Robert ard Fritz are --
studying in the U. S. and Cana- The Great aSimidor Clioirn
da respectively. Rolf, only girl
Herta and Herve are still in THURSDAY
school in. Haiti. FAMOUS CREOLE
Proprietor of Tipco (import-ex- IrTP"
port centre in the Place Gef- P
frard) of technical Bureau of Of Mixed Voices
Plan and Constrcution and a fac-
tory for pre-fab building mate- HEAR THE FIVE PIECE
rial (Cite de I'Exposition), Har-
ry is the President and Chief
share holder of SHEICA (Socie- VILLA CREOLE
te Haitienne d'Entreprises Indus
trielles Coummerciais Agricoles ORCHESTRA
S. A.) and was head of Haiti's ad hear Haiti
delegation to the 9th Congress ofnd ear aiian
Architects in Caracas last Sep.
member 19th to 29th. In the midst I Trr.',
of all this, the prime aim of the WINSTON "
ex-teacher is to serv, his coun-
try. He uses all the power of his
well developed brain to find the -'g-a. g
cheapest methods of housing or- ..._,,,,,S.v
din a ry middle-class families
while on the cultural side as pre- S (I
sident of the Conference Section
of the Association of Engineers
and Architects he organises lec.
tures dealing with the develop-,
ment and evolution of Haiti.
POUITIAU-PRILE PP' t o0'''V W D SAWRAIT1.I.-
PAITAL 3 -"
OF EXQUISITE! OF SELECTED
AND SUPERB AND FAMOUS
- QaaN i RUj- .d SisalP
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Soyed a La Moden
Enjoy the Taste of Camels
The Cigarette of Smart Men
1. SENSATION BAZAR
Emile Maximllen. 77 Rue
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at its best!!!
WINSTON KING SIZE
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The Perfection of
Sd See e r15___:HTSNPage 9
Whiich has the best imports from all the co rners of thle world. Yon can save up to 60%
from U.. prices with your duty free allowa nce of $200.' over 48 hours and $500 over
12 days outside U'.S.-V. Fisher's will be a real shopper's paradise. Not only free port prices
but modest mark-in. because everything is concentrated in one large building. Are your
biggest assets in buying at Fisher's.
Fisher's, the American's favorite shop where
all prices are clearly marked on every item.
Where a well-trained and courteous staff Will
help you to solve your shopping problems.
Where checks and foreign banknotes are accep-
ted. and your purchases shipped. We will gladly
give you free information about U.S. customs rz
gulations and shipping costs.
MAIN FLOOR OF FISHER'S SHOPPING CENTER
THE BEST NAMES IN
Liqueurs Brandies -
Bing & Groendahl
Royal Vienna Augarten
Lalique and bohemian Crys-
Marcel Frank Atomizers
Guerlain Liberty of London Fabrics
Boulton and Perrin Gloves Hlawick
Scotland Cashmire Sweaters Lubin
Balmein Weil Knize -- Griffe Perfumes
Napoleon Godet Louis Die Salignac Cognacs
11arquis De Montesquieu Armagnac -- *De Kuyper
Liqueurs Aalbor Aquavit Danish Porce-
lains aind Silver Spalding of England
THE WORLD FAMOUS EMBROIDERY FLOOR
COMPLETELY AIR CONDITIONED
Sisal Shoes Bags
Tortoise-Shell Jewelry -
TIlE MAHOGANY AND NATIVE HANDICRAFTS FLOOR
Haitian Embroidered Dresses Blouses skirts
men's shirts Cuban Guayabera Shirts -
Italian Silk Scarves Swiss Handkerchiefs --
Table Linens Beaded Bags Petit-point Bags
- Cashmire Sweaters Perrin G,'.',s Liber
Mahogany quality goods from our own Workshops
Sisal and Straw goods Vodoo Drums Dolls Hats
Records Books Films Place Mats
Sunday, September 23rd 1956
Sunday, September 23rd 1956 ___ __
Sunday, September 23rd 1956
ship *through Miami Via
Sunday, September 23rd 1956____________
Wt f/ihe PUILBOREAU
179 Ave. Magloire Ambroise
-- -- T ..... I
COME, FLASH GORDON,
M16HTY KINCV BEFORE THE "
ROYAL SCROLLS AR'E I'M GUN. -'.
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* 4 QUART I 86 PROOF
_____ ^-____ rg. '' ^Ap ______ --
SLA PLUS ANCIENNE FAMILLE DE OISTILLATEUR5 D'HAITI
eJ6lhin ?/(I + al/'JO]&/lcu.' (fl,,,;aq nil '
-U-RINCE HAITI WESTvaInDiE
PT -/H.t IWSTI N
PORT-AU-PRINCE HAITI WEST INDIES'
HAITI a UN
Page 12 HAITI SUN
Sunday, September, 23rd 1956
OSfPH NADALI and Cot. Distributors
' .1 :
Enfin voici'une huile qui rgelldment double
la vie de votre moteurl A la suds de nom-
brouses, expiri6nces faites aux Etmer Unis, il
a At; prouve; queo le moteurs 66Aius avec
le nouveau PREMfUM ESSO EXTRA MOTOR
OIL ant parcouru 50,000 mires sans'dite-
4oration notablol De plus, vous pouvez ico-
nomiser jusqu'6 15% d'essence, augmenlant
ainsi Io milleage par gallon do 3% sur do
tongues tapes o mfmie jusqu'6 15% en
vile, quclque soibla marque do voiture quo
rous conduisez son anciennotC ou son ftot.
Vousw vos devezw vous-mfme d'adopter
oujourd'hwi le nouveau "PREMIUN ESSO
f Trois uj alitis supplimentaires:
L v t
eci Conslitue I
ESSO, qui depu
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En ventu iourd
fre slatim ESS
Si" "... voUs faith econonser
jusqu'a 15% d'essence
Yd par les
uis 21 ans
flis WI: s
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1ow*r C |Pe
_^*jfl1tn'- lia ^^t >-
HAIT SUNPAGE 13
Sunday, September 23rd 1956
They Are The Food LF.e-Line
The mirchandes of Haiti have
been picturesquely painted or des-
cribed by foreigners as well as
Haitians. Drapped in their *ca-
raco gro,, leu, they have enter-
ed a legend as a symbol of
harmony iid female strength
because of their combined ca-
denced of body and walk and their
endurance ta travel afoot with
a basket ct market products on
But wh&i about the *madame
saras who ramble throughout
the Republic to supply the cities
with food chickens, eggs, vegeta-
bles, rice, corn plantain etc .
and all lhe stuffs which enter
into the :Iajtian diet? What 'do
we know about them? Little,
very little? indeed. Except that.
they are named after those
black little birds that feast upon
the. grain harvest of the peasants
in a typical replica of the human
combite. Or they travel in
groups as the birds but since
they don't have wings they eith-
er take the camionn madanie sa-
ran for which LUogane won fame
or simply use the "bourrique >
(burrow). Again, they babble all
day long is all vieilles comme-
res., who -espect themselves and
smoke theit black native tobbac-
co in a rudimentary earth and
bamboo pipe. And above all,
they snatch the food at cheap
price in 'he country to make big
profits on the cities' markets.
. The -madame Sara's' role cannot
be ignored in the Haitian economic
life. Whht is their contribution
to the commerce in general? Do
they represent a key-factor or
a handicap for economic and so-
cial progress? Or are they just
a passing sign of a stagnant and
primitive economy? As many ques-
lions that are still waiting to be
studied by our economists and so-
cial planning experts.
Last week. your reporter, was
surprised by the rain while pass-
ing by the Marche Salomon, and
had to ta.c shelter with, the
,madame suras,> under the ,ga-
lerie,, of boutique .
Of couT---. there was not much
to see, except a dim light pro-
jected by a few ,.tCte gridapes
lamps ii the thatched roofed
tents built along the side-walk.
Night lift i n P'ortau-Prince mar-
kets is not as animated as in Go-
naives whire everything goes on
normally a' during daytime. The
markets ir- closed. The prospe-
rous maraiiandes don't have tp
care for their %quincaille,- or
their fc'-mrmercez which is lock-
ed behind Ihe iron doors of the
minarket But. the o.madame sa-
ras- who are usually in town
for a fev. days,- if they cannot
afford to store their-,marzhan-
disesk il :1 -depot, where they
may sleeo as well (in fact they
don't sleep, since they must
Ic-ep an eve open to watch for
Ihe thieves) spend the .night on
the galeries of the boutiques.
Your reporter's friendly boi
soir mesdamires,> could not start
a warm conrvetsation. In fact,
Smadame saras- are always sus-
picious. Chiefly at night, a stran-
ger is to be watched I-e may
he a detective, a loup garou, or
Happily, the lightening, from
time to time, threw some light
on the scene. Seated on a large
basket of food products.-a wo-
man (prob:'bly in her thi'ties,
but who looked older) was mak-
ing her boy -drodo> (go to sleep)
on her laps Sheq carefully cover-
important, role in Republic
ed him with a an empty sisal
liber bag. Her 14-year-old caught
er, also sealed on a basket, lean-
ing her head on her mother's
shoulder wa- already sleeping
Asked .' -ere she was from
and why she had to travel with
the boy, nhr indifferently repli-
ed that he was from Carrefour
Dufort a.id could not leave the
child alovc at home.
The rain was flooding the
streets anl the water beseiged
the ,galerie,. But this did not
cause iher great apprehensions
She was i.e.igned. Her main con-
cern was that her commerce was in
a safe place
Those who stayed under the
thatched roofed tents were com-
pletely drenched. But they were
used to it fnd they didn't care.
Had they iot walked on the dew
and travel in mudholes since
their very childhood?
During the last few years
there has heeit a marked increa-
se of camions and camionneites
traffic throughout the country
ard the number of madame sa-
ras has considerably increased.
Fortunately, Port-au-Prince de-
veippm. does not record zones
of ",bidon villes' as the banlieus
of Paris or-Algiers or Casablanca.
Beside.zs the government's effort
to buirl xorkmnen cities, many
individuals have invested money
in small hinsin, projects. But
the erraidJ madame saras-' are
still livi:,s oi' the margin of this
society The Oblat Fathers in
the Sou;' 'have done a wonder-
ful job tor. the 'peasants who
flock into the city of Cayes.
through h the dynamic action of
Father Henri Jacq and another
French priest, a house has been
I built to shelter at night those who
do not' have any place to sleep.
Haiti has niot known the mate-
rial devastations of bombings as
certain European countries dur-
ing the last world war. This coun-
try does not know the problem
of refugee as in Jordan and Is-
rael, but this problem certainly
exist. And it should be analysed
on another angle which is three
fold: the problem of madame
saras,, the one of demography
and that of social planning.
The madame saras aclass if
it can be taken as such is far
more important than one suppo-
ses. It includes not only the le-
gion of women involved in the
food market trading, but it com-
prises also all those (men and
women) who travel back and
forth from the Capital to the
rural centers to-buy and sell
imported Loods. Many a honest
motherof a family can be found
at Carrefour Dufort, Nan Bap-
tiste, Fonu des Negres and Des-
dunes markets. For this second
category, the problem of hous-
ing, and tl1e family problem are
no less acute.
For the Haitian prestige and
the future of our Tourism, the
madame .-tas problem must be
solved. The present markets of
Port-au-Prince are becoming too
small to ''ore the goods or the
foodstuffs of the marchandes.
Since the markets floors ire flat
on the ground, it would be help-
ful to 1.hii a- basement under-
nieath A,'l it is not too late to
c.prevoir the same thing for
the new C-cix des Bbssales mar-
Before ',.;-igig this article to
a close, t'i' paragraph of Mr
Claudius -'ttit, former Minister
in France, will give you an ii-
sight of it madame sara pro-
The problem Abbe Pierre
arose wa-" much less that of hou-
sing than that of misery, that of
an entire under-proletariate
which society rejects without
ever more taking care of it. It
was the problem of a whole
part of cur society that we pref-
er not tri see in order that we
may not be ashamed of it, be, but
of which however we are respon-
sible, in the religion of the most
humble parish'priest as in the meta
I physics of the most anti-chris-
tian phi;o'pher, all this becau-
se we have so often in our life
the hab:t to forget .everything
that hit us or that can ruin
our co,'-.;')rtable optimism, that
we prefer to close our eyes on
certain things which are like
wounds zazler than to cure
them. It is not bad however to
pass front. entnimentality to what
with a bit of presumption I will
call reason or from emotion to ac-
W We proudly
SHOPPING AT LA BELLE
MEANS GREAT SA
SOmega 18K gold Semasier
I TissQt 18K gqld
Georg Jensen (setting of 6
^ Hans Hansen (setting of 6
O(hrlanes Royal Bee Gream
H Cashmere Cardigans
., ALSO SAVINGS OF' 33 1/3 TO 60 o/o ON BO
BRANDIES & ITQUORS, BEADED BAGS,
4 HAITI'S ONI
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EOLE FREE PORT SHOPS
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New York La Belle Creole I
Price 'Price c
SHINA, FRENCH PERFUMES, FRENCH 4
E DISH CRYSTAL ETC. ETC... ETC ..
' PAGE 14
*- a -
rn d'Pj;jL-- ....
Dear Mary Doogoode,
I am very much in love" with a
indman who has been for many years
&n agronomist and has had to
work, in the eboism. Now as our
,: altar date .goes near I have a di
S lemma. I have learned from the
t telediol& that he has several cpi
tiles dehors. You know they are
illegitimate children. What do
". you think I should do about
S Dear Perplexed,
S I recommend that you talk o-
ver the situation with your hus-
bind to-be and if you are a good
christiad which you appear to be
'. then, invite him to bring his chil-
'. dren home to be properly cared
. for if', they are ,ihot getting the
proper motherly love etc...
This would prove your love
HAII SN ---Sunday, September 23rd 1956
for your husband and humanity
(S) : Mary Doogoqode.
Dear Mary, i
I am in Jove with a Syrian boy
who swears that the greatest man
on earth is Nasser. I think himn
a fool. What do you think?
(S) : Fatima.
Who do you think the fool is,
Nasser or your boy friend? Plea-
se be more explicit. .,
(S) : Mary Doogoode.
FMMANUEL AMBROISE EXPOSES
HAZARDS OF PUBLIC LIFE
In one of the most un:ress:'-e
human-interest xcauser.esv ever
pronounced before thie 2I)uS.i'ss
meq of the Capital, Mr. Emma-
nuel Ambroise, graduate E 'gi-
neer and former Lyceei Director,
held his audience in susenfMe at
the weekly Luncheon or L.he In-
ternational Chamber of Commer-
c e the first Wednesda:.' of this
Throwing the spot liglt on the
problems confronting thousands
9f citizens with regar-I careeit
',nd public functions in Haiti.
Mr. Ambroise traced his owr
personal experiences to illustra-
te his.ernest and undersLandint
position on the subject.
A capable speaker who knows
when to draw on dry humour fc,
effect, Mr. Ambroise explained,
how. it cdmd about that he is
today a gcommercantb instead of
pursuing his profession as a engi-
neer, or educator. '
At the age of 10, the boy Em-
manuel, whose parents ran a
small cboutiquez in Jhcn.el was
initiated into the ways -of com-
merce. It| was there that he be-
came versed with the technique
of the crevendeusesi (retailers).
When he was ready for higher
education he entered the Lycee
at Jacmel with its great numb-
er of lessons and homework.,
and was due for his share of the
epensums or- punishments me
ted out through disciplinary mea
Upon finishing his studies there
Emmanuel Ambroise entered the
School of Applied Sciences e-
merging four years later with an
Engineer's d e g r e e, and he
thought he was now on his way
in his chosen profession.
eBut alas, Mr. Ambroise be7
mpaned, destiny's decree is not
always man's wishes. At the Ly-
cee in Jacmel there was a place
to be filled following ona of the
teachers resignation. jIf was I
wSho was chosen to replace him...
and in this establishment I began
my career as an'educator.
Professor Ambroise was later
to become Director df the Lycee.
His role of educator then took
him to an Inspectorship in the
Department of National Educa-
He would be attached to the
teaching and education work'for
the rest of his life. This idea was
confirmed in his mind when 6c
was awarded a scholi:rship to
study in the United States, anti
he prided himself that he had
found his true calling. His choi-
ce and decision had been madc
for him, and there was no reason
to probe further into the comple-
xities of things.
But this conclusion was to rea
son without taking into account-
the oddies of the Haitian
community -so hard, -s com-
plex and so dangerous, Mr Am
broise declared. I had believed
that upon my return i. Haiti
AT THE NEUCHATEL
I I h official trausmitler of time-algnals for
from the United States possessed
of the makings of a ctechnimcian,
I would be safe and would have
no concern as to the question ot
material security. And I knew
that the civilized peoples respec-
ted their specialists and their ci-
tizens holding Masters' Degrees.
Out of a clear sky disaster
truck Emmanuel Ambroise, who
had a M. A. behind his name. His
sudden and unexpected revoca-
tion from his job with the De-
partment of Education ruined
all his projects.
cIt was the edegrihgolage, he
told his listeners, cthe tumble
down'hill.a What was co become
of him, what could he really do?
The unemployed educator had ti
think, it was not a matter of gra-
vity for himself alone, for he had
a wife, several children and a fa-
mily to provide for-thyre were
certain urgent obligations to set-
certainly cannot afford to
sit around with my arms,fol-
ded,v the -man convinced himself.
And so lie didn't.
One morning walking on the
'Grand'Rue. of the Capital, lost
in his thoughts like eun chien
sans maitre, (a *dog without a
master), Mi;. Ambroise recalls
that he met a Jriend, Dumont
Bellande and this proved to be
the turning point in his life. En-
couraged by' his friend Du-
mont, he accepted the latter's
proposition to sell" cement at
that time cement was scarce.
eMy affirmative answer linked
my fate to that of.Dumont Bel-
lande, Ambroise continued, and
from that moment it was a ques-
tion of cement, cserpettes and
commerce. He pointed out the
pleasure and satisfaction of sell-
ing to the common people as
much more honest.
One day the perseverin g ce-
ment salesman bumped into
ecommercant, Gerard Boucard
and made a profitable sale ot
2,000 sacks, and soon after he be-
gan the march into progress.
Today Emmanuel Ambroise
mnRv be rightly called a cKingh
of the Sewing Machine Trade
and his prosperous business on
the Grand'Rue is eloquent testi-
The saga of Emmanuel Ambroi-
pe .points up the problems that can
befall a promising young career
man or public functionary in the
limited soheres of the Haitian
Mr. Ambroise, concluded 'that
the same fate lies in wait for
thousands who ask only to serve
unless adequate measures are a-
dopted to cope with the problem
of unemployment that is affect-
ing the future of our youth.
His talk had a warm, apprecia-
tive handshaking end, as the lun.
cheon guests of Club Interna-
tioyal de Commerce pressed a-
round business tycoon Ambrbise
to congratulate him.
the Swiss Brnadcastin6 Seri,'
HAS SO FAR WON A TOTAL OF
673 FIRST PRIZES
THIL EXTRAORDINARY ACCURACY OF IT-', \V.\T(:Ill.,
PERENNIT' DU BATIMENT
Concrete Densifier give:
If you want the most
for your money, use
B. F. Goodrich
They're made with
far Heavy Servie
WILLIAM NARR ,Port-bu-Prince
Boucard & Cie., Jacenel
Raymond Laroche, Cap-Haltier
Mason Jean Bourgeois, Aux Ca-
Michel Desquiroi, Sucessors,
LES PLUS BELLES MOSAIOUES
piI C''A -Li-- J <
' S LH CA u Tfl" 4
L'pLACE GEUFR'RD U
j& ** A**- Ak Ak**-A
Sunay Sptmb~23d 95 HATU PG 5
A Contribution To The History Of Civilisation
200 Years Voigtlander Jublilee of the Oldest Fine Mechanical ry Recognition came fast.. The was changed into modern serial Voigtlander scientist have created
and Optical Works of the World owner of the firm did not only production. The aim was to achie- a completely new standard of qua-
gain many medals from various ve a considerable improvement of lity. Color shots are rend-
In Haiti, Photo S. Kahn, distributor for the Voigtlander pro- parts of the world but was raised thI models and to reduce prices. ered with amazingly faithful co-
ducts also celebrated an anniversary this year. It was 20 years to heritable nobility and was These rationalization methods gave lour reproduction and even at
agon last August 1st that Mr. Kahn established his photo Shop knighted by the Austrian Empe- way to the unexpected boom which full aperture pictures are appre-
Withit 200 years' time from
lhe *Privileged Mechanicus, to
the modern industrial enterprise.
In 1756 foundation iv Vienna by
Johann Christoph Voigtlander,
maker of fine instruments.
In 1956 Vtigtlander cameras and
lenses are sold in more than
80 countries of the world.
In autumn 1956 the Voigtlai
dcr Com.inny will be able to loo
hack upon a 200 years' tradition
The one man firm of Vienn
(1756) ani the industrial enter
prise at Braunschweig with
2.500 employees and workers o
today do not only link two cen
tries but at the same time forn
a contribution to the history o
civilization Fine mechanics and
optics as well as photography
owe to Voigtlander important
achievements which cannot be
THE SKILLED COMPASS
MAKER OF VIENNA
Instrument maker Johann
*Chritsoph Voigtlander, whose
family originated from the Harz
Mountains near Braunschweig,
travelled to Vienna via Leipzig
and Pragiue as a journeyman,
and opened up his own work-
shop as a ,Privileged Mechani-
cusv. This was the start of the
Voigtlander firm. He made com-
plicated fine scientific instru-
ments like compasses, delicate
quadrants and fine testing ins-
truments. These instruments
were all made from wood since
the manufacture of brass tubes
was nearly unknown by that
time. His craftsmanship and
his diligence won the skilled
compass maker the favour of
the Emperor'-s court, and the
fine mechanical and optical work
shop of Voigtlander became a
well established plant with a
THE THEATER BINOCULAR
Johann Cliristoph's work was
carried on by his son, who add-
ed to the original Voigtlander
line the production of, optical
glasses and instruments. He had
gained a good deal of his know-
ledge during his apprenticeship
Sin Engl..'d It was especially
from this' branch of the Voigt-
lander productionn, that this fiu-m
became k,:.iwn all over Austria
and abroad within shqrt. Johann
Friedrich Voigtlander started
the manufacture of periscopic!
spectacle lasses, and was grani-
ed from ile Austrian Emperor
the 'excluni t spectacle privilege
(Patent 11ib). Another, important
achievement was the develop-
ment and manufacture of the bino-
cular instead of the hand telescope
This was a) extraordinary pro-
gress. This type of instrument
which was also used as a field
- and long range-glass is still
in use as n theater and ooera-
ror. Steadily persuing his aim, the
optical products of the firm, es-
pecially the photographic lenses
were consistently improved.
At the turn of the century the
Heliar f/4,5 was the big hit.. It
was the first speedy anastigmate
lens which appeared on the mark-
et. In order'to estimate this crea-
tion adequately it must be recall-
ed that ev9, now some fifty years
later, the Teliar still remains
the favourite portrait lens with
maTniO ,- r,.T v Oin.,a I nhttnc'ranh-
photography experienced in the
thirties before the war.
Already in 1929 the Bessa came-
ras came out of production in big
quantities. This type was a real
-people camera., and was the nu-
cleus of the Voigtlander program-
me for many years. It was the
only camera of which more thap
1 million pieces were sold.
AFTER 1945 TRADITION
AND EFFICIENCY THE WAY
TO SUCCESS 1'
Glass, rlic invention, of the ope- ers the world over.
lE:a-glass won him another exclu- The war put a halt to the ma
*si-e Emperor's privilege. AT SERVIC;E FOR AMATEUR nufacture. It caused serious dama
.PHOTOGRAPHY ge also to Voigtlander but technic
THE FIRST COMPUTED al progress could not be stopped
n- PHOTOGRAPHIC LENS IN Origilnflv, photography was Recognizing the future important
k THE WORLD the privi-.-g.2 of professional plio ce of the miniature and colour pho
n. Peter Wilhelm Eriedrich tographer and some few con- tography, Voigtlander people con-
ia Voigtlander the founder's grand noisseurs. But Voigtlander wanted centrated all their efforts on the
r- son, s'oo, recognized the. impor- to make it accessible to a wide improvement of their lenses. With-
- stance of photography which was range of people. The growing po- in a few years scientists and optic-
in.vented h Daguerre in 1839. pularity of photography created a al lens designers computed the
Together with the Viennese demand for lighter, simpler and new series of Voigtlander high
n Mathematician Professor Petzval, less expensive cameras like the Al- efficiency lenses and, in p1949 the
f he designed the first malhe pin,. Bergheil, Avus, the first re- Color-Skopar, the first lens of this
Smatically computed lens in 1840 flex Vida (1901), and the Voigt new range came out of production
w which had the then unheard of lander stereo camera which left in big quantities. The Color-He-
light sperd .of f/3,7. This Voigt- the Braunschweig factory and help liar, Ultron, Nokton, Apo-Lanthar,
lander lens was 16 times taster ed to popularize amateur photo- Dynaron and Skoparon lenses fol-
than th. Chevallier landscape graphy. lowed,. They were all computed
lens used by Daguerre. This CAMIERAS AND LENSES with the latest achievements in
meant that' for portrait photo- FROM THE ASSEMBLY LINE optical design by help of fully au-
graphy in good daylight. The ex- Since 1925, Voigtlander has been tomatic calculating machines and
posure nimc was reduced from concentrating on cameras and len- have since then acquired a world-
the cus omary 20 minutes %to ses. Simultaneously the more 'or wide reputation. With the develop-
/. to 2 rniiutes. In sunlight less handycraft-like manufacture ment on these optical systems
linstaitaner us" exposures 'with
45 seconds exposure'time became
possible. The principle of the
Petzv'al lens has been maintain-
ed in cine projection until today.
THE FIRST ALL METAL
CAMERA OF THE WORLD
In 1840, too, Voigtlander de-
signed a camera for this lens. This
first metal camera forms an im -
portant factor in photographic his-
tory. This model was made from D I
brass, and manufactured on a la- '
the machine. It was the first one "' ,
with lens' focusing through rack, s yo u r
and pinion' drive. Due to Voigt- S,_
lander's pioneer deeds, photogra- F
phy did not stagnate right at its A ,
beginning, but on the contrary cal-
led the interest of innumerable
people. His ingenious far-sighted -
ness smoothed the path to the pre '"' 'S
sent importaiich of photography
1849 FROM VIENNA TO
The firm's steady expansion, the
March riots of 1848, which check
ed the young enterprise, the in,
ferior traffic situation of Vienna
for the trans-continental commer-
ce, and last not least the fact that
the owner's wife originated from
Braunschweig, Northern Germany,
caused P.W. Voigtlander to move
to this town. In 1849 the farrily
returned to near the Harz moun-
tains, the ancient home of the
Already in 1860 the 10.000th
lens left the Braunschweig facto-
ChIAP* A Ucra of At I I
ciably sharp right into the corn-
ers. In photographical practice
these Voigtlander high efficiency
lenses resulted in a big success
hardly any amateur or profession-
al 'would have dreamed of before
All'modern Voigtiander preci-
sion cameras have been'equipped
with these lenses. The Vitessa'
with its refined technique is es-
pecially easy to handle. The Vito
B, Vito Ila, and Prominent with
its interchangeable lenses, they.
all carry the name of the now 200D
years old firm to more than 80
countries in' which Voigtlander is
The beginning of 1956 was the.
start into the jubilee year for the
Voigtlander Company. This event
was another remarkable mile,
stone in the history of the firm.,
that had contributed so much to
photography. From the manufat- -
ture' of compasses and quadrants
of the fine mechanical and optic-
al workshop in Vienna, in 1756,
and the first all metal camera of
the world with the first mathema- '
tically computed, lens, this firm's
200 years' history has. been the-
link to the high .efficiency lenses-
Tradition and efficiency mark
the way through two centuries and
will also in future pave way to
M~rl m yi
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Ar. IK:W ORLEANS .csT) 4:27 pm
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or see your Travel Agent
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excusion fare gcoJ all year
..I"ml, Opgwreua "he.cl.,
er 23rd 1956
f PAGE 15.
T NSunday, September 23rd 1956
SPAGE 16 _______________
A Forgotten Murder Provides Background To Haiti's Claim For Navassa Island
(Continued from page 1)
Later Duncan's assigns brought
in a labor force of 137 colored men
and 11 white overseers from Bal-
timore. Haiti made a little demons-
tration against us with her two-
boat navy but did no shooting.
We declared that Navassa Island
appertainedo to the United States
warned Haiti not to start anything
and assured her that, in spite of
appearances, we wished to be fri-
endly. All. we wanted was to take
$40,000,000 worth of guano, which
was the only thing worth having
on that little blob of.volcanic rock.
SLiving conditions for those who
were taking it were ghastly. So, on
September 14, 1889, the workers
revolted. In the ensuing riot Hen-
ry Jones killed Thomas Foster
'with three mortal blows of an
It became desirable to hang Hen-
ry Jones. This raised a legal prob-
lem that could be regarded as un-
If we returned Navassa to Haiti
--as we had indicated we propos-
ed to do- and some future tribun-
al held that Haiti had been the
true owner all the time, the Henry
Jones had done his chopping on
foreign soil and, murderer and no
murderer, we had no right to hang
Meanwhile the Haitians were cla
morning that they were sole own-
ers of the island. They had the pa-
pers to prove it. Ownership had des
cended in a straight line from
Spain to France to Haiti.
They were a backward people
and could only understand plain
meanings. The significance of the
word -appertaining- escaped them.
It also escaped Attorney General
Black, in office at the time, who
formally reported to the President
that we shad no right under the
law. to seize Navassa Island and
SII A N G O
With Best Band In the Land
Reduced Drink Prices
that something like a bar sinister, That would be good law, or good
therefore, dropped between Jones p r a c t i c e, today. The Supreme
and punishment for his crime.
The text of the decision later
rendered by the Supreme Court
indicates some 4winges eol consci-
ence along the same line. In un-
legal language, it ducked. The own
ership of Navassa Island, said the
Supreme Codrt, upholding the de-
cision of the lower tribunal, was
a political, not a juridical, quest-
ion. If the Executive Department
said that Navassa Island belonged
to us and the courts were not in-
terested in the evidence of the own
ership and line of descent.
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HAITI TRADING COMPANY
Chamber Of Commerce Bldg.
Court, for instance, would not ord-
er President Truman to turn Oki-
nawa over to the natives.
Even with this, the Cturt was
not entirely satisfied It observed
that, since some future court might
hold that -appertaining. an island
i, not the same as owning it leg-
ally, it would not be advisable to
hang JDnes under our statutory
law. The unfortunate murderer was
simply unable to meet the require
men Is. Therefore, recourse was
had to maritime law, which covers
offenses committed on high seas.
Tim M~oaqrtbw h
* THE BEST
Only Navassa Island was not on
the high seas. Maritime law, which
is essentially English law, had
been accepted by us and thie En-
glish jurists had been firm in de-
claring that the high seas means
water and only water. It began to
look as though Henry Jones would
He had committed a crime on
water and the land on which he
did murder was the legal property
of another country and only -ap-
pertained, to us.
But a compromise was reached,
though not with Henry's connivan-
ce. A law enacted by Congress to
keep pirates in their places was
exhumed, and in effect, amended
the international law of the seas.
By convenient definition, Navassa
Island went to sea as a ship.
So Henry Jones was hanged in
1890 in Baltimore, as was proper
under maritime law which says
that offenders on the high seas
must be tried where they are first
This may sound complicated.
It is, and the only reason for re-
viving the story here is that the
case set forth against Henry Jones
so clarified the meaning of the le-
gal term wappertaining- that, on
October 2, 1945, President Harry
S. Truman issued a Presidential
proclamation to the effect that
whatever may lie under waters of
the Gulf of Mexico from the Ame-
rican coast to the Continental
Shelf -appertains, to the United
States of America.
No dominion over the waters is
asserted. No claim is alleged to the
earth beneath the waters. But, sub
merged in that aqueous territory
are 141 'salt domes. which are the
presumable indication of one of
the richest oil fields on earth.
We need -or may need- that
oil. Although our 421,000 oil wells
in 24 states now produce 4,750.000
barrels a day, oil and natural gas
are gaining in popularity as fuels
because fewer labor difficulties be'
devil their users. Atomic energy
for commercial use is still a long
If the world should go haywire
*again, we would need that oil very
EXTENDING OUR OJL FIELDS
Certainly this oil does not be-
long to any other nation. But the
Interior and State Departments had
been busy for months trying to
discover a legal method by which
the United States might claim for
itself the supposedly vast petrol-
eum deposits in the Gulf beyond
the territorial limits of the count-
Someone thought of Henry Jon-
es. The precedent established by
his hanging is almost indispens-
able. The similarity of language
between President Truman's 1945
proclamation and the various, phra
ses in the legal goings-on of 57
years ago is too marked to be dis-
regarded. This has been. pointed
out by Stanley Suydam, Attorney
for the Armstrong Seadrome Com-
pany, which is interested in the
possible drilling operations in the
Gulf. In effect we are repeating
the hearty methods by which we
extracted the 1,000,000 tons of gua
no from Navassa.
By Herbert Corey
U.S -NATION'S BUSINESS.
CAR FOR SALE
1949, Olsmobile Conventible in
good condition for sale. Motor was
overhauled last month. Tel. 3217.
Emn3 Maximilien 77 Rue des Miracles
THE SOUNDEST SLEEP IDEA in 111STORY1
Sunday, September 23rd 1956 HAITI SUN
Gets A Generator
The active Minister of the
Presidency, Mr. E. Sejour Lau-.
rent, journeyed to Savanile-Zom-
bi, at Morne des Commissaires,
l.ast Thursday, to preside over
the ceremony and formal pre-
sentation of a Generator, offered
to this community by the popu-
lation of Natik. The day pre-
vious, he had presided at a spe-
cial meeting of 'the National
Couuicil of Community Develop-
Mr. Laurent was accompanied
on his mission by Mr. Andre Du-
mesle, Under-Secretary of Agri-
culture, Mr. Berthony Vieux,
Mr. Albert le -Bel, UN Resident
Representative in Haiti, Mr. Leo-
nard Mades, CARE Mission
Chief, Mr. Rodini Conte, Assist-
and Director Genenal of Agricul-
ture, Messrs. Antoifie and Andr6
Darius of the Rural Education
Division, Mr. Leijo .Faublas,
Adult Education Director, Agro-
nomist Gabriel Nicolas and Max
Armand, and Agricultural Exten-
sion Service members Miss Lu-
cienne Gemeau and Miss Aline
Congress to Be Held Here
The City of Port-au-Prince has
been chosen as the seat of the
coming Treponematosis Con-
gress to be held from October
21st to 26th, under the auspices
o0 the Pan American Sanitary
One of the major points on the
agenda is the problem of the
campaign against malaria An
extraordinary credit ot 50,000
gourdes ($10,000) has been set up
for the organization of the Con-
grcs, under the Ministry of Pu"
Today 3 00 P.M LaBaie des Fan-
5-79:00 P M. Le Jardin du Diat
Monday. 6:00 P.M The Great
Tuesday 6:00 P.M1. Le Jardin du
Wednesday 6:00 and 8:15 PM
Thursday b-u0 and 8:15 P.M. Le
Jardin du Diable
Friday 6-00 and 8:15 P M. Le
Jardin du Diable
Saturday 5-7-9:00 P M. La Baie
Sunday 3:00 P M La Bale des
5-7-9:00 P.M La Lot du Fouet
(Continued from Page 1)
corned by the State Council of Ca-
binet Members and their wives,
the Ambassador of Panama, Briga-
dier General and Mrs. Antoine
Levelt, Adjutant-General and Mrs
Henri ils-FAime, and other Gov.
ernment officials. The Natio.
nal Anthems of.Haiti and Pana-
ma were played by the Palace Or
The Minister of Foreign Relations
accompanied the distinguished vi-
sitor to the official residence of
President de la Guardia at P6tion
Ville, under a motor-cycle escort.
At 5:00 P.M. the President-
Elect of Panama was recieved by
the Council of the Secretaries of
State in the National Palace, as-
sisted by the Chiefs of the Legis-
lative and Judicial Corps, and the
Army's Chief of Staff.
The visitor wars formally pre-
sented to the Chiefs of Diploma-
tic Missions in Haiti at 5:15.
He received visits from the Mi-
nister of Foreign Affairs and the
Minister of the Interior at 7:00
and at 9:00 P.M. he visited the
Place des Heros de 'Independen-
ce and the Exposition City.
Friday morning, President de
la Guardia placed a floral offering
at the Tomb of Dessalines and
P6tion as an Army battallion pre-
sented the -Sonnerie aux Morts.D
Minister Calvo Observes Gu afemaia's National Pete
More than three hundred I
guests of Guatemalan Minister
and Mrs. Roberto H- Valle Calf
vo were entertained at the Lega-
tioh and Minister's residence at
Musseau, last: Saturday evening,
in celebration of the 135th An-
niversary of the Independence
of the Central American Repu-
From 7:00 to 9:00 PM, the sump-
tuous villa and' garden of the vast
Raymond Roy estate furnished a
beautiful setting for the distin-
guLished gathering of personali-
ties from the diplomatic, milita-
ry, official and social circles of
Port-au-Prince. The salons and
verandas were filled with magni-
ficent floral pieces offered by
the friends of Guatemala, and
the guests were urged to visit
the -heavily laden buffet tables
and to explore the secrets of the
their bar again and again by gra-
cious hostess, and Senora Calvo
found just the right word to
make each feel the warmth of
The observance of Guatemala's As they listened to the National Anthems of Haiti and G.ua.temala,
National Fete in Port-au-Prince the photographer caught (right to left )Mr. Joseph D. Charles, Minist.
this year was incontestably one r of Foreign Relations; Dr. Roberto H. Vabe Calqo, Minister of Gua-
of the fine social events of the temala; Senora Calvo; Senor Manuel Echeveria Barmitia., Secretary of
season. the Guatemalan Legation; and' Senora Barrutia.
He had an interview with the er 1st next, and his wife, the for-
Minister of National Education at mer Mercedes Galindo, are pa-
9:15 A M. rents of three, anid have five
The distinguished wife of the grand-children
President, Senora Ernesto de la Mr. de la Guardia is a graduate
Guardia, Jr. visited the humanita- of Darmouth, and an outstanding'
ran social service work of -the hommee d'affaires. and vigorous
Fondation Madame Maglcire, ac- journalist and author. He is also
companies by Madame Racine and 'known as a eloquent and fiery
Madame Clermont, wives of the orator, and his public service
Minister of the Interior, and the career began in 1925 with a Con-
Ambassador Secretary General of sul Generalship in California. He
the Foreign Office, respectively, was Minister of Foreign Relations
and the Rhum Barbancourt Dis- in several Cabinets, and presided
tillery, the Presidential couple over the Panama Delegation at
were enterained at a cocktail par- United Nations in 1954. He has
ty at -Le Perchoir,' at 12-30. Aft- been Director General of the
er which they visited the Filature Brasserie National in Panama
Brandt and Cite Magloire No. 1 since 1942.
and No. 2, as well as the Military The President-Elect of Panama
City. and his party expressed their hap-
Foreign Minister and Mrs. Jo- piness at the warm reception they
seph D. Charles entertained at a received on their good-will mis-
sumptuous reception in Hotel Ibo sion to Haiti. They were favorably
Lele at 8:30 Saturday evening, ho impressed by our folklore and ta-
noring the visitors, i lented entertainers presented Fri-
President-Elect de la Guardia day evening by Casino Internatio-
who enters into office, on Octob- nal in honor of the visitors.
Here is only one road to iake when in Search of Good
Food in a romantic setting
-,, l I '..-
P :..4 : : : ,..: -. .. : .. :
OVERLOOKING THE CAPITAL
A visit to Haiti is not complete without a trip to the Citad-
el. We specialize in the Citadel Excursion. Sightseeing Tours.
Our Experienced Guides Speak English.
P. 0. Box 312
Organizer of Tours in Haiti
Cohata-tiokets on Sale at
P6tion-Vflle and Cap-Haitian
Sunday, September 23rd 1956
P.E 18 HAITI SUN
PAGE 18 ____________________
The U. S. I S boss Gene Graf-
fis is back on the job after home
leave in the States. Gene retur-
ned with his charming wife who
is an accomplished singer, and
daughter Pascal The two elder
Graffis girls entered school in
Pipe-smoking Engineer- Guy
Denizard .is returning to the U
S. in pursuit of health, wealth
and happiness. Engineer Deni-
zard who attended school in the
States has bee, working for Rey-
nolds Mines, prospecting out of
Gonaives. He sailed to New York
on the Panama liner S.S. Cristo-
bahl, on Monday morning.
Pirestone's affable Manager and
Mrs. Vie Lampson are off to Me-
xico on a business-cum-pleasure
Capt. Tassy and Lieutenant Ad-
rien Blanchet have returned from
more than twelve months in the
States, with Master Mechanic df-
,plomas. The two Haitian Army
Officers were sent through
school in the U. S. by General
Motors Export Division. At the
YMCA Technical Institute they
were grounded in Automobile 0-
peration and Repairs. After gra-
duating, they went on ito various
G. 1W. training institutes to spe-
cializc in Automatic iransmis-
sion and Carburation.
Bibou Desrue is back from
spending a highly social vaca-
tion in Caracas with Ambassador
and Mrs. Pierre Hudicourt. Bi-
bou continues on to Miami and
her studies this week-end.
The debonair owner of Hotel
Riviera returned to town this
week at the controls of a smart
new craft. Paul Weesner's new
plane is a Cessna 310. He visited
Cap Haitien during g the week
Loulou Dejoie received the big
cable from New York Saturday
announcing the arrival of a girl.
Loulou is flying up to meet the
little lady this weekend. This is
Nancy and Loulou's second. The
first was a boy.
-_ 1 4 i _
Mr. Reynolds, Counsellor for the
Haitian Go;ernment ii Miami,
was at El Rancho this week.
MLrs. Lucien Scott and daugh-
ter Evelyn are in Puerto Rico
this week. Mrs. Scott will return
for the opening of her classes at
her Petion-Vfle kindergarten,
and her daughter will add Spa-
idsh to her list of languages, in
Jacqueline Pereira and her
8-months old daughter, Michelc
vere given a royal welcome by
hubby, Carlos, Tuesday when
they returned from three and a
quarter months in France and
Xther spots in Europe. Mrs. Per-
ieia is the directress of Optique
Mliss Harvey, from Manor
House, Kingston, J a m a i c a is
spending her yvacatiot at the El
Ann and Jules Tomar and the
children are 'back from a sum-
mer vacation in Atlantic City. It
is reported, off the record, that
of -Miss America. Babu and Paul
Anne-was runmer-up for the title
were on the side-line.
Mrs Gerard de Catalogne ma-
de her visit to the Capital from
Cap Haitien, in months, with hub
by Gerard this past week.
___* 4' __
A couple who were born in dix'
ing distance of Niagara Falls
chose Haiti for their honeymoon,
last week, and were very glad
of it Don R. Marsh, Sales Rore-
sentative of Spender KeUllogg and
Sons, Inc. a Baltimore vegeta-
ble oil processing company, and
his wife met on the job and de-
cided to honeymoon in Haiti
where a customer for Soybean
oil is Mr. 0. J -Brandt. The new-
lyweds stayed at the Riviera,,
were showed the town by Mr and
]bIs Clifford Brandt.
Dade City,' Florida, orange ty-
coon whose towering frame and
witticisms' filled the night club
circuit, Tuesday, was in Port for
24 hours with his stunning young
wife on a 'look-see* trip around.
the Caribbean. Colonel S. S. Rid-
dle, Air Mission Chief and wife
Anita dined Mr and Mrs William
F Edwards at Le Perchlioir and
squired them around town.
PARIS BEAUT FR IR" .^
BEFORE CLOSING YOUR
SHOPPING TOUR, BE SURE -
TO TAKE A SUPPLY OF FA- .
MOUS FRENCH BEAUTY U I
AT FREE PORT -PRICES.
Nutrix treatment cream, 1 oz. $5.00
Bien-Aise, cleansing cream, 1 oz. 4.00
Souplesse foundation cream, 1 oz. 5.00
Eau azuree No. 16, skin freshener, 7 oz. 6.00
Lancome face powder, 2 oz. 6.00
LANCOME BEAUTY PREPARATIONS
ON SALE AT
JEAN FOSY LAHAM
Nicole Gardere, daughter of The church ceremony was pre-
Mr and AMrs Emile Gardere, is in ceeded by the Civil Marriage, at
Pennsylvania School of Horticul- 5:00 P. M, followed by a recep-
ture. tion at the Ruelle Angibeau re-
sidence of the parents of the
Nicole Armand is off to Skid- bride.
more College ii Saratoga The distinguished couple were
Miss Ar-x Odebashion of the accompanied to the altar by Mrs
Bronx, New York visited with Jamil Abraham, Matron-of-honor.
Mr and Mrs Max Nargil, when and Lieutenant Charles Turnier,
.he Panama Liner stopped over Best Man. The nuptial cortege
:ur oic- day. headed by .a large number of gra-
cious .demoiselles5' in pink, wal-
Nicole Blancher is attending ked from Ruelle Angibeau to
Marywood College in Pennsylva- thle Church, and with the many
nia. wedding guests in tow, formed
Mltis Nicole Riboul became the a striking procession as they fil-
iridc of Dr Jean, C. Brierre in a led to tihe Sacred Heart edifice.
":Teur ce Turgeau, last Friday Mr and Mrs Pierre Dejean wet
6:30 P M ceremony at -Sacre coined their first child on Sep-
evelning The marriage w'as per- member 14th. The charming lit-
oi-iild by tihe Hev-eerend Father tie Miss is called 4Roseline-,. Mrs
3rierre, a close relative of the Dejean is the former Anne-Ma-
groom, assisted by two deacons rie Tribie
Sunday, September 23rd 1956
Mlrm. Solange Verna is home
from her Puerto iRico voyage.
*- *' 0 _
Mr and Mrs Henri Deschamp are
back in the Capital after a tsw
month tour of Central America
and the West Coast of South
Lionel Elie, of the Immigration
Service, is vacationing "in Kings-
Marlene Hirsch is back from
hey visit to the fatherland. Mrs,
Hirsoh was almost six months in
Willy Frisch presided over a
Cochonade at Kenscoff last night
I g ,
Sculptor Montagutelli arrived
in town on the Skylark Friday.
Carl Gaetjens- flew to Kingston
Mr Raoul Agliot, French 'Conm-
merdjial Attache in the Caribbean
was here this week and noted
world sugar consumption q up
end things look brighter for the
sugar producing Caribbean.
Clifford Brandt flew to Kirgs-
ton on the 2Qth.
in HFlispagniola. Mr. Henry will
write the trip up for the PAA
publications and travel trade pa-
pers. This will result in publici-I
ty for beautiful towns such as
Mrs. Emmeline C. Lemaire, Dir-
ector of -El Alba-, the Haitian
Spanish-language newspaper, will
return soon from her sojourn ab-
road. During her stay in North
America she visited Chicago, Wash
ington, Detroit; New York. On her
way home Mrs. Lemaire will tour
,Leoard Doe Taicher, the -hoe
tycoon is in town for a week.
Friday, RaymondLafontant flew
to New York.
Yves Mandell, the publicity man,
spent a week here at the Hotel Ri-
Amador Mourra is New York-
bound this week-end.
Gladys LevAque PAA-dd to New
"Miss Ghislaine Fils-Aim& and
Leon lMarcel Salnave will make
Iflnat trin tn theo ailtar on Tuedav
Arthur Angus is enjoying him- evening, October 2nd at 6:30. They
self in Jamaica.' -* speak the will be wed at Eglise Sacr6-Cwer
language fluently. I de Turgeau.
."' l< ^ *i ,*'--, ;..
Mr and Mrs 'Ftanck Chavez of Roger Chevallier flew to'New
the' Goedetife Suivey gave a York Wednesday to continue his
typical Honiurian birthday par- studies. Roger had studied ii JTa-
ty for their one'-year-old dahgh- maica, returning home last FalL
ter Marie-Elena- at the Petion- British Emlassy officialss Fred-
Ville Club from 2:30 to 5:00 erick W. Mpadeley and Violet F..
P. M. Wednesday. Many of the "Beadon spent a few days in the
'60 children that enjoyed the Capital 'last week.''
food, music, and gifts said it was -
the most enjoyable birthday par- Colonel and Mrs. Edouard Roy
ty in years. Marie-Elena's big cake are scheduled to fly to the U.S.
was topped by a doll which had today.
the same dress as hereif. *
*.- Miss Aida de Lopez Menendez,
Friday evening, the Hotel Sans sister o'f the Venezuelan Ambassa-
SouWl saw one of 'the season's hi- dor clippered to Caracas on Wed-
veliest cocktail parties. The bambo- nesday. She was accompanied by
che, offered by Lee Engler, Gladys, Miss Caridad Lopez Menenrlez, the
Enp Beth Follmer and Consul Jo- Amba-l-idaf's niece.
seph E. Gross was in honor of -
Miss Velma 'Prouty and Susan
Shrewsbury who are leaving Mrs. Mnguerza de Lla.aneral,
cbientot, for the States. Velma wife of the Venezuelan Military
is going on vacation and Susan Attache left for Caracas this week
is returning to her studies, end.
James Henry, assistant to Sales
Manager. of PAA in Miami is es- Miss Lucrecia Douyon, and Ri-
pected to arrive here today and chard St. Pierre were married in
make the scenic trip from Port- a 10:00 A.M. ceremony at Sacred
au-Prince t6 Ciudad Txujillo by Heart Charch, yesterday. The.bride
car. Mr. Gossett announced that is the daughter of Mr. Luc Douy-
Mr Henry was making the trip on, Office Manager of the Mariti-
to help publicise travel by car mas Company in Cap-Haitien.
Ab and Betty Riddle have tak-
S / en up residence in the Folsdms
/ / \ old home above Source Turgeau.
7 lMr. and Mrs. Bert Dixon are
the proud parents of a son.
'Mark. put in hs appearance last
-Hans Christian Andersen', the
dazzling MGM production with
Danny Kaye is coming to the Ma-
gic Cine next Sunday.
Porfirio Rubirona passed through
Port au Prince, Thursday, enroute
from Ciudad Trujillo toNew York.
A tourist revealed that Rubi
Pert American dancer, Gwen
Stephenson, is at Hotel Choucoune
with her ma, Beatrice Sumnersil.
Eugenic Starr of 'Nassau and
Points' west is wearing both
thumbs in htavy bandage. An un-
charmable dog did the.damage.
Frantz and Erbes Tippenahauer
flew to New York last. Saturday
afternoon to join their parents,
Mr and Mrs Anton Tippenhauer,
The boys will continue their stu-
dies in the U.S. -
.- 4. *_
morrow to resume her
Guy Roumain flies to Canada to-
morrow to continue hii college
work in Montreal.
Mrs. Georges Salomon, and sons
Philippe and Guillen clippered to
New York last Friday. She is the
wife of the 1st Secretary of the
Haitian. Permanent Mission at
Mrs. Lascaze Bernardin is home
from her trip to the*U.S.
Attorney Victor Duncan, return-
ed from his Eurgpean tour last
Monday, bringing, news of son
Ernst with. whom he visited in Pa-
ris where the lad is pursuing his
medical studies. Maitre Duncan is
one of the country's outstanding
Mr. Emile Legros, representat-
'Dr. Victor Urquidi arrived
here Wednesday from Mexico.
The Director of the Economic
Commission of Latin America is
expected to spend 10.days in
Haiti in connection with the aid
to be given the Haitian Commis-
sion of Economic Planning, by
Mr. Urquidi will have confabs
with the Ministers of Finance
and National Economy, and. with
the specialists interested in the
Planification Programme, as a
preliminary step in drawing up
a programme to aid Haiti.
Wednesday evening, Minister of
Finance and Commerce Alain Tur-
nier offered a 'grand reception in
Hotel Ibo Lele in honor of-the re-
presentatives of the American Or-
ganisations which are working
jointly with the Haitian Govern-
SBesides Ministers Josept D. Char.
les, Adrien Roy, Dr. Nelaton Ca.
mille and the Under Secretaries of
State. Ernest Bonhomme and Andre
Dumesle, the large number of
guests included: Messrs Paul. Bar-
ringer, First Secretary of the U.S.
Embassy, John P. Hoover, director
of the United States Operation Mis
sion in Haiti, F. Rousseau, Assist-
ant director, Curtis W. Bernes, Of-
ficer of the Programmne, Dr., Rich-
ard Brindle, director of the SCISP,
Robert Peterson, director, of the
A.R., the director of SCetAER.Pa-
trick Olinde,. Capt. Robert Bazile,
former member of the Mixed Haix
tian American Committee.
During this asoirhee which 'took
place under the sign of Haitian
American friendship, the ministers
prreent had some important exch-
ange of views with the American
At the epd of the supper, Minis-
ter Turnie'? in. a well delivered
speech praised the heads of the'
American organizations of Haitian
American --co-operation fbr their'
spirit of collaboration.
Mrs. Karine Roumain De Delva
has a baby girl.
ive 01 me Haitian government,
Mr. Milfoct Josaphat, reptesentat- _,
iye of the Syndicates returned
Sunday afternoon from the VI Re George Kenn, the Manager of the
gional. Conference of the tntdrn- Montana and Choucoune Hotels
national Organization pf labor is back from a month spent in
which was held in Havana from New York, Chicago and Miami vi-
September 3rdto 15. .siting travel agents, and inform-
D Paul ing them of the change in mana-
Dr Paul Boncy, Chief Physician gement of the former Beau Site-
at the General Hospital at Port- Hotel, now known as Hotel Mob-
au-Prince will leave shortly for tana. I
three months of specialization inI Mr. Kenn said he got a warm
the U. S. He will be accompanied reception from the press, espe-
by Mr. Georges Milfort the Hospi- cially the Tradq papers, and there
talk's Laboratory Technician who is a great w9v, of interest now
will also make the trip for spe- in the States about Haiti.
c.a! studies. Mr. Kenn gave a big cocktail
LF returnedparty in 1ew York which was
Louis Max Fouchard returned wll-attended by the representa-
from the U.S. lastweek. tives of travel agencies and the
SA 7. press. He also entertained at a
Dr. Maurice Hall is home from nckfail party in Miami.
studies in tne states.
Bureau of Statfistics employees
Antoine Coicou and Armand Ar-
misial returned this week end
from training courses in the U.S.
Commander Bob Charles will be
going to Norfolk, Va. to become
acquainted with his new baby
daughter. Leaving Haiti after two
and a half years assignment his
departure will be a loss to the
country to Mariners and Landllub.
bers alike. .
_* ,4 _
Tamous since 4I86
- _______..... J ---
Theatre 'd'Haiti's program this
morning is a meeting to read and
discuss the message of Jacques Al-
exis at the Congress of the Negro
Intellectuals, Writers, and Artists
Among the 90 passengers
aboard the S/S ePanamaa corn-,
ing from New York who 32 will
disembark at Port-au-Prince on
Monday: Mrs. .Anite., Alcindor,-
Sister Anne Marie Bickeerstaff,
Mr. Michel Carre, Mrs Mireille
Cassagnol, Mr. Maurice Champa- .
gne, Miss Rolande Duverseau,
Mrs. Yvonne Gerdes, Rev Con-
rad Hauser, Mr. Eugenie Jean,
Mrs Iris Laventure, Mrs Mafal-
da Maglio and her two children
Rev Dominique Pesant, Mrs Er-
zulie Prophete, Mrs. Edmond Ri
cardo, Captain Sybil Duff and '5,
Mr and Mrs Franher Jean Bap-
Micheline and GisAle Bayardelle .
clippered to New York Thursday.
I 1 4 .
Rene Brantome is the new down .
toin PAA employee. He studied
General Business in Boston, Mass.
for! two years. He is the son of
Edouard Brantome 9f the Ban-
que Nationale. -
t t *
Fr. Jean Claude Bajeux flew to '
New York on the 21st. .
Germaine and Valerie Zamor
took off to New York yesterday,
Frank Lanoux clippered to New
York on the week-end.
Josianne Vital has taken up her
studies in New York.
Arthur Bonhomme returned front
Wednesday' evening, at Aux
Bambous", Mr. Richard Constant.
co-editor of -Le Nationali, was fea-
ted on his birthday anniversary by
a group, of friends including Min-
ister Racine and Under Secretary
of the Interior Roland Lataillade,
Senator Elysee. Mr. Constant nick-
named 'Richard of the, Human
Heart, was called for the circums-
tdnce -Prince de la Jeunesse'.
For rent: new home, in quiet
I scenic Freres, ten minutes from
Petion-Ville. Contact Haiti Sun..
Basement floor with two large
rooms, galerie, all modern con-
veniences, independent, large
court yard, furnished or unfur-
Also garage, suitable for store
house. Apply No. 224. Avenue
John Brown, near Ruelle berne.
Open 24 Hours A Day
2 Rue Rigaud
Dr you love sandwiches and salads?
And are you tired of chewing your wacy through pieces of old shoe
leather stuck between two pieces of stale bread, arid peering eagerly
into-yur salad you'! only to find a lonesomne sardine flating'aroUnd'
in a sei of vinegar, looking forlornly at a share of soggy lett-uce lecoes
aird t uner-ripe tomatoes?
You c-in qet away from ao, that by coming to
Where e' ?ry scnzidwich and qalad 4s an individuMlly prepared master
We hoave lots of both.
piece of i's kind. What it takes is aood *stuff, to begin with plus
Whether ymou stick to the old stand-bysjlike hamburgers'atd hoi dogs,
or Whether you branch off to cold. smoked salmon or roquefort with
You'll be delighted when the plate, is put before you and twice as
happy when you devour its contents.
Just a suggestion try our garlic bread and c big mixed salad with
our special dressing boy! is that good.
Of The Death Of
The 45th anniversary of the
death of Antenor Firmin, illus-
tratrious Haitian stateman and
author was commemogiated oi
September 19th, under the auis-
pices of the Haitian Cultural
Union, affiliation of [he Americ
an Cultural UniOn.
An extra-solemn requiem mass
at the Port-au-Prince Cathedral
at 7:00 A.M. opened the manifes-
tations. The religious ceremony
was atteniided by the members of
Sthe Cultural Union, the Mayor
of Port-au-Prince anld his Assis-
tants, and a large number of iri-
tellectuals, admirers who sur-
rounded the relatives of Antenor
Firmin who died in exile in
St Thomas (Virgin I islands) in
Following the rites, a deega-
tion of the association, accompa-
iled by Mayor Edmond Celeis,
led the w4y to the monument
erected on the'small Plaza, near
the Ecole de Droit to place al flo-
ral offering in tribute to the me-
mory of ,le grand disparu.'2
SIn the evening a radio festi-
val over M.B.C. was organized
with Mr Paul Emile Gaboton
'4-naking a speech on the life- of
he great patriot. A second radio
Festival will be made over Ra-
10io Commerce' today (Sunday)
iLightening Kills 2 Sailors
SThe sailing boat -Dieu Merci i
anchored in the Cap Haitien port
was struck by lightning last week-
end. The inhabitants of the'.quar-
tier, attracted by the vacarm ran
fo thi'scene .of the accident. Near
Rue 5, on the new sea front bou-
Ilevard they found two bodies. One
of sailor Vatnair Garcon and Ber-
nadette Tonyiwere carbonised. The
mast of the sail-boat was broken
to peices and thfe whole cargo was cha
consumed. The dead bodies were
sent to the morgue of Hopital Jus-
tinien, after legal ,constatb.
Thv sailing boat .:Dieu Merci,
which was dhe to leave incessent- '
ly Cap HaitieA for Limonade belon-
ged to one Salnave Gargon. ,
CASINO INTERNATIONAL U
DIfIAITI, S. A.
d, ,an.di 22 iu Vendredi 28
airmenME N TORRES
nteuse international cubaine
et CCJULy BARSYV
Troubled Waters AtJ
i Pendemonium reigned at the
SComme II Faut Cigarette Facto-
ry last Tuesday when iikdignant
fellow-workers rose up as one
in defense of one of their own
protesting against an unjusi accu-
sation of attempted theft, *ILe
Nouvelliste, reported in its Sep-
tember 17th-18th edition.
The daily statedi that a group
of employees gave a version of the
affair, claiming that, Mrs Carmen
Georges, one of the workers, who
;is -expecting, felt indisposed and
opened her' waiste to relieve her
Inspector Max Bastien interpre-
ted this gesture as an attempt to
hide some cigarettes packages,
'and summoned her to leave the
workshop, although she was only
partly dressed.; She was indignant,
and became upset. The other em-
ployees began shouting cries of
protest against, the action of the
Inspector and soon Manager. Hei-
ni saw his Cigarette Factory turn-
ed-into a scene from Dantes In-
Police rushed to the scene, and
Arrested certain employees who
Were over-excited, but later re-
leased them. Inspector Bastien
had to be taken in to calm down
Sthe aComme II Faut employees.
Minister Laurent and Minister
Racine had,,to Intervene to bring
order and peaee\back to Rue Ma-
gasin de 1'Etat.
Danseuse Orientale Arabe
ct t'ijours TI-RORO I
Le Samedi: Entr&e: Un dollar
Sunday, September 23rd 1956
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