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Haiti sun ( October 29, 1950 )


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Haiti sun
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R. Cheney, Jr. ( Port-au-Prince, Haiti )
Publication Date:


newspaper   ( sobekcm )

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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 32441147
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Full Text
.....'... .. ."...... .. :,... . -w..



Rdpublique d'HaIti

lie dte laTortue

The Plight Of 14,000 Islanders

An island whose inhabitants, thirty years ago, existed in a
univfizekd state, unable to afford even the poorest
garments to. cover their nakedness, who went into hiding at
the very. sigtt, of an intruder, today, is basking in the full
light of christianity.

: -Fabulous History
The long forgotten Ile de ]a
Tortue the Turtle Island,"last
refuge o( the Indians after Co-
l:umbus exterminated the race
on the. mainland is historically
S-'enriched by the exploits of the
- Buccaneers. Three hundred
S;years ago the freebooters storm-
ed the refuge and hunted, down
the last Aborigines arid, there
established their 4royalme.s, For
many years Henry Morgan was
Chief of the Island. Pauline Bo-
naparte, wife of General Leclerc,
later chose the island as an ideal'
spot for her summer villa and
the scene of her foliesz. It was
the trysting-place of the fabulous
Pauline's notorious affair with,
one of her husband's trusted of-
ficers, General Hardy.1

ed. The Father has, found ways
and nleans (mostly an inheritan-
ce) to build the Dispensary con-
sisting of 3 sick rooms, and a
room used as a Maternity.
Two other building, one to
house the pharmacy, the other
to serve as living quarters for
Dr. Nicolas and his wife who
are easing the ever increasing
burden of giving medical help
to thb islanders, were built and
designed by Father Monot. Vicar
of La Fortue.
Father Joseph Brought
Aside from these material im-
provements, Miss Gova was im-
pressed by the religious fervor
and interest in church activities
of the people. Which reminded
her nF th'. storv shp had dug un

Now In 1956 concerning the first days when
Today, people are visiting Tor- Father Joseph, founder of the
tttga Island as guests of the Fa- Eglise Notre Dames des Palmis-
ther at aLes Palmistes,* and one tes who opened the struggle to
of the fervent disciples of the uplift t1.-e i s 1 a n d e r s.
island is a multilingual, natura- gHis goal was tolmake the peo-
lized American woman with .a pie ,see with their own eyes that
Ph. D. behind 'her name. Dr. Sa- the power of christianity was
bine-Gova. is teilhig the story greater than the strength of the
about the island In publications .fioungans.,, she said.
throughout the world, and from
the speakers' platform for Unit- Christ on tthe Beach
ed "Nations, as she tours the -Unit-
ed States making Tortuga. the When Father Joseph returned
subject of her many lectures. 'from a vacation ii his native Hol
Through" her Work, Sabine Gov'a land, with him .ame a life-sized
has been able to interest gener- 'wooden statue of the crucified
ous donnbrs who. packed '1400 Christ that he knew would be
pounds of clothing -and articles needed in his work. Arriving ear-
off with her on 'her second visit ly' one morning with the statue,
to La Tortue this past month, he carefiIliy placed it on the white
i smadn"'nf the "oah at 'TnrtI-f'a

In an interview with the auSnn
this week,-Miss Gova, in her hea-
vily-accented English told of life
as she finds .it today on Turtle
Island, and of' her own colorful
experiences' during a montl's vi-
sit there as guest of the Father
and his small group of workers.'
New. Dispensary
&.What a difference compared
to what I found there only two
years ago, Miss Gova exclaim-


President Paul E. Magloire, bat-
tling with the grippe this past
week, and the heavy duties of his
office, has a busy schedule today.
After church in the mountains, he
will patronize the opening of the
Canape Vert Hospital, in Port au
Prince and the Brother's Semin-
ary on Black Mountain.




rhis woman who.escaped hurricane Hazel in her home touwnAnuC
'Hainault only to be struck down by this hurricane on four wieeAiN
he chauffeur driven jeep (3798) struck the unfortunate wioma,, at
:30 P.M. Tuesday, and carried her on the bonnet for t hundred yardaX
fore the violent stop threw her twenty paces ahead. Note the te.ll',".
ie skid marks.

While hd awaited in a nearby
qalles for'2,orses which were
being brought to carry the pre-
cious load up to the church,' he
heard thbq vdoies outside growing
into a mournful ,wailing. ,

oiGagnin yon blanc qui .mourit
sous bord de mer,b they inform-
ed him, gathering in a respectful
circle around the statue.
Father Joseph covered it gent-

ly:with a li-en cloth, carrying it National Economy.
into the cave. As the smaJll pro- During the formal installation of
cession climbed up the steep the new Ministers speeches were
slope, the bells of Our Lady of exchanged between ex-minister
the Palms began tolling a wel- Tacques Francois and Secretary
come to Christ. The hour had
s:ruck for the people of La Tor- ARAB CLUB TO SPEND
tue to learn about this .homme $50,000 ON NEw QUARTERS
who had died for them, and for The newly formed club Haitia-
a!'. mankind so that they might no-Arab,,'an association mondai- T
have everlasting life. ne sportive et litterairea is going d
to spend $50,000.00 to buy two T
Attempts Industria.-ization. carreaux of land on the Delmas 4
road and build a club house and bi
(Continued on page 2) sports ground, tU



. Port-au-Prinee;

of Port-au-Prince, Minister of
Education and Economy.
The two Ministers retained
from the old Cabinet are Dr.Elie
Vi|lard,. Minister of Agricunltre
and Public Health and Minister
of Foreign Affairs Joseph D.
The 3 Under-Secretaries of
State Roland Lataillade, Andre
Dumesle and Ernest Bonhomme
have been retained at their re-
pective posts in the Ministries of
the Interior, Agrioulturi and

Telephone 2061 SUNDAY, SEPT. 2nd 1956 N 5No.

New Hospital Opening Today,

President Magloire Attending Inauguration At 10 Al
Of Modern 24 Private Room Cannap$ Vert Hospital !:
Canap4 Vert Hospital, a mode)
-- well equipped and staffed-,#1,

-r neo it rsdn f.h aaeVr optlad._.. ..ec .e al .t'mk se(th....~
ress Cadn e Ri-t.4 pital, iso th cofi bined. eff fr
.... e" .... 7 actorss and' 3 businessmasi |

an ain swer -to the prLhssikg. uaeda`
A.' '- of the growing community,."4s.
Racne being inaugurated today., .
'h. oPresident Paul Magloiri;, ; .40
-'" ""S '""A' r T vernment a n d militarX-'.l
e ay' eals, promie. bup ess. ...,
dical .ten and their. wivq -A.
attending today's 10 A.M
mony on a little knoll in Cana'ge
Vert only 10 minutes from d R
town (Port-au-Prince). e'be.'HSli
pital has a surprisingly elevat...--
Dr Antonor Miot, soft spoe1lb
surgeon, well known in the$2
rican medical world is tlte].i
A dent of, the hospital vWl.-i
SAocite GAnonyme, in aen' bnt\
view with the .Suni oh Frlay
,r ... explained that all doctors '
Dr. Atenor Miot, President of the Canape Vert Hospital and Direc- be able "to ,make use f the 'it
tress Canadian Sister Rita Viaa obligingly display the modern ew pit'al's moderS facilities, ,.
'The 24 privatW room s o0;,
24-privaterbed hospital drapeaua of green and white which will fly Th s "..ta p rll t
high over Port a Prince- H Oeep it a 1Yult by-^a4
D oer. ort Pine., ex-gineer Emmanuel EthearCt"4.,-
on ihe 2nid storey of thd'
4 CHANGES IN NEW CABINET Ate2 galrleythi .,

L~aurent, I .acine, Camille ,vantage of direct sunlight
Lnpleasant view. The" p-i
Turner Take Office rooms have up.to-date
ings, a buzzer to- call "an
The members of President General Mr Amilear Lamy and private toilet and.'shower'; radt.
Paul Magloire's few -cabinet new Secretary of State SAJour special hospital bed and
were named and d~ly -invested Laurent. painted in a tasteful range of4:c
on Thursmay morning. At the Ministry of the Inter-:rs" '
The newly appointed Ministers ior, new Minister Alphonse Ra. There is a prevailing cdrnpaetj
are: cine assured members that the ness about the building no
Mr Sejour Laurent, former forthcoming elections wi-ll take 0f space.'The 'ground floor'W "-i.
Director of ute Nationals, Ml- place in order and in accordance. ided, into l.bor tory, exiih
nuster for the Presidenetr and with constitutional liberf tion, administration,, co nsu
Labor. Mr'. Alphonse Raeine, for- At 12:30 after the Ceremony, tion. DoetcA conference rooti..A
mer Attorney General, Mhdster members of the 6ld and the new one end there isa. section woitht,
of Interior and Justice. Engine- cabinets reunited in the Yellow mall, cafbtei-ia whiah .if '
er Adrien Reoy, Minister for Pa- Room of the National Palace 'to opened to Visitora from' "'f
b/il Works. Mr Alin Turnier, meet with the President of the' ,srving soft'drinks and dAmdi-d s
ex-under secertary of state of Republic. .. (Continu14ed on vaesi
Commerce, M1inLer'of' Finance ( tn .'
and Commerce. Speeding je5p0 X
Dr. Nelaton Camille,. SeeiMayJoredp, Ki........ a .'a. -. ..

a= -.-


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kAGE 2

.A'nd forth
*rs and the
n cluce that
Taodoy, it i
iFtory of t
ind cannot
:4riste) sit
jing.. peasan
On the islar
ood trees
ta the I'.
%tt tthe .s
|t,,n urd
&mfeaux aboutt
|t; ,from the
": It Is kxio%
pony negpt
i[rog mahog,
Vnet 'gp a h
|..oint. RaLi
:'i conltlve V
fk.ib;g throu
rti:wep soon d
V-.ig of a
;*ould. be f
tIji, ..n, Coi
oi:,'t& the Con
Ip':= Fer., I
|BXAMarc in'.se
c,.';ethe senr
onlyy train I
',The hang
|.Vqh who i
:iabidldig..- H
i t I I. . d o. B
!,=the .price. d
:;(^c.: aepE

tg|Bpe: de q

!'" mole ntc to
4":, Tthe 1
,.ewnt ifto
..he. Small
SOUlgareane I
:On land .rn
'i',tbnt., Sor

A9p&ecles wjcn

i a,"blt't wi
^jTh#r stayed
..: e i*no
.plyed qive

: to :1I

t in
g'. *re i~ather
-.''.pople Uve&
A lng .tbat Ii
mk.q4 on: the






lued from page 1) Men, women and children bound-
changed hands back ed about in this strange commu-
between private own-, nity. They were suspicious of
e Haitian Government the young priest, but he rolled
historic day in 1804. up his sleeves and went to work.
is the undisputed ter- His first chapel situated in' a
he Republic of Haiti, valley was no larger than a room
be purchased. A in a modest home of today -
uation is the land4-ov- 20 square yards and was made
t finds himself today of sheets of corrugated zinc.
ad where rare marble Literally devoured by mosqui-
grow, but he cannot toes, he f i n a 1 I y got perms-
rid, he can only rent sion to purchase a horse and
stipulated sum of fif- rode forth on his $5.00 steed in
les ($3:00) per car- search qf a more suitable site
uit 3 acres) per annum for hls chapel. He found it on
BUreau des Contribu- the summit in a clearing where
a few proud palm trees lifted
qht Train their heads reminiscent of for.
wn that a French Corn mer days of a splendid forest,
lated a deal for grow- and dedicated it to Our 'Lady of
ylan on the Island and the Palms.
hangar on /the eastern Fight With Superstition
9 were laid and a lo- The Bocors of lie de la Tortue
vas to have gone put- had come from la grande ter-
gh the island. But it re (Haiti proper). Strongest
decided that the build- among them was Gepntilhomme
railway on Tortuga Bycent. This powerful medicine
ar too expensive. The man and others attracted by the
Mpany sold the works virgin field of potential profits,
mpagnie des Chemipns exploited the people shameless-
'ort-au-Prince to St. ly. They. knew much a b o ut
weri scheduled hours plants, and natural medication
vice provided by the like tie vent d'homme (man's
In the Republic today, wind). As they plied their trade
Ot for 10 Cents they also increased around their
gar went to Father Uo- persons an atmosphere of awe
needed it as a school and fear among the people who
le got it by paying recognized their esupernaturala
df the tax stamp on forces. I
sale dlx centimes Father Joseph was in for one
laced it, next to the of the greatest battles of his
Notre Dame des Pal- missioh, and heedless pf person-
. al danger his heart was. bent on
Grow spiritual sauvetage for these un-
slanders' forebearers fortunate people. ,
STortuga, largely as The priest kept on working,
nt from the north of and with the years he was able
;eir employees 't work to overcome not only the opposi-
banana, .plantain and tion of the Bocors who fought
farms they kept'.there to keep profitable hold on the
ited from the Goverfn- peasants, Miss Gova *could assu-
ie even kept cattle re, but he finally broke down
ers were sent to cut the reluctance of the people, and
'and the magnificent gained, their confidence for him-
3wn as abois marbre self and the church.
ood), for furniture. Father besroches lost life during
*don in. a community store
vestige of clothing More than 15 years had pass-
n a small part in their ed. Father Joseph had laid the
iablt. ; foundation for the christianiza-
44, nobody had .taken tion of La Tortue. When he was
iular Interest In tlhis transferred to another post, two
olony. where civiliza- Montfortain Fathers took over
l know it in modern the difficult task.
not even pointed a thre &So difficult a task was it,
ger, And such was Miss Gova said, looking up from
On that awaited ,Fa- hlar oqtes, that Father Desro-
h Geurts of the Ment- ches paid for it with his life.
rs Congregation. The Crossing the channel under a
d in AJoupas, a dwel storm, Father Desroches and
books like a roof pfac-i Father Piette were overturneff
ground without walls, in the small chaloupe, disappear-








a e- -I--. W- nI

-Cotton Mercerised socKs in trey,
-Blue, Brown' 0-70cts. PR.
-Nylon Socks -- First Quality In Grey,
Blue, Brown, And Maroon $1.00 PR.
--Nylon Elastic Socks-To Fit Any Size
Foot In Yellow, Grey, Brown, Green,
And Maroon $1.20 PR.

- m

a. t


ing into the boiling waves.
Father Piette awoke from a
long spell of unconsciousness to
find himself soaked and ailing
on the beach. He was alone. No
sign of Father Desroches. His
body had been carried away by
the water.
Deprived of the closest friend
he had had in this world, Father
-Piette carried on his mission
alone, on Tortuga for four years.
Jn 1945, Father Saindoux, a
Haitian "priest, succeeded him.
With the help of a Haitian girl,
Marthe Philistin, Father Sain-
doux guided the young parish,
its school and its catechism
The Dispensary
Miss Gova found an active Dis-
pensary service at 'lie de la Tor-
tue, on her first trip there two
years ago. Changes and impro-
vements at Les Palmistes since
her first trip greatly surprised
the visitor. She willingly discri-
bed, during the interview, the
workings of a day in the 3-room
dispensary. .
From early morn .the people
began arriving from all parts of
the island. The little caravan
almost always include one. or
more members of a family trudg
ing up the mountain' bringing
a patient who is unable to walk
alone. They usually remain, at
Les Palmistes overnight, cooking
on an outside fire for their sick.
They rise at dawn, light their
fire right in front of the dispen-
sary and go about preparing the
morning meal.
Sister Rose, a splendid, strong
Swiss-German girl can be seen
coming from the rbom assigned
for the care of the mothers and
their babies born during the
4It is always a miracle,: Miss
Gova marvelled, show these mo-
thers, immediately after giving
birth on a table upon which
there is still no available mat.
tress, wll' rise, pick up the new-
born infant in their arms and wal
across to the next room to lie
down. On the bed provided only
with a enatte> the,mother places
the baby at her side, or some-
times at her feet' as she lays in
an instinctive i protective position
where the baby has never been
known to topple off.A
rrom the floor the other wo-
men stretched out there on their
enattes' may wake up for a mo-
ment to inquire If the newborn
is a boy or a girl, then fall back
into, a deep sleep,- she had no-
This help was to the brave'-is-
landers a gift from ale ciel,'
they will tell you, Miss Gova
found. This bit of heaven fell
upon them that day back in
1947 when Father Riou arrived
to take over the work in the
parish. To the spiritual well
being of the flock, he was dee-
ply concerned with a tie-in of
medical aid for the populace
struggling against sickness and
Body As well as Soul
cA healthy soul can only inha.
bit a healthy body,* was the ma-
xim that drove him on, in spite
of the many obstacles and diffi-
culties to be encountered. Fa-
ther Riou had had some medic-
al training prior to 'his arrival
in Haiti. Soon the people began
bringing their children to him
for care. Parents came asking
(or his aid, preferring it. It was
th6 opportunity given the Fa-
ther to-dispell doubts and build
ip confidence in himself and the
'deals he represented.
Needs Are Plentiful
In his efforts to instill basic
understanding of hygiene in the
-ninds of the people, the Father
s still handicapped by several
needs, Miss Gova regretted, and
verything to be expected from
t "he point ot view of hygiene is
still only a project.

The lack of a sufficient water
supply is perhaps one of the
biggest problems. The only
spring is about 15 minutes away:
rain water has to'be filtered for
drinking purposes, and the laun-
dry, in a dry summer like this.
is a tremendous problem.
Father Riou is forced to bud-
get his scant funds to cover
emergencies, medicine and food.
There is a painful shortage of
wash' basins, night chambers,
bed pans and spittoons. Patients
must, in primitive fashion, use
a common pail and a pot placed
An the middle of the room.
'Miss Gova said that the Fa-
ther is, anxious to build the ne-
cessaty hygienic facilities, and
there is a project to cover tie
springs and capture the water
to be brought up eventually to
Les Palmistes. At present, the
Dispensary has to rely on rain
Miss Gova told of some pf the
illnesses being treated at the
'Dispensary. cIn one of' the
rooms, you may hear the cough-
ing of asthmatic patients, or peo-
ple with whooping cough.
Others groan under stomach and
intestinal maladies all through
the night. It is even worse in
the little building at the other
side of the presbytery, where
tuberculosis patients are intern-
The- Pharmacy service is as-
sured by Sister Bluette. She dis-'
tributes the pills and potions
only upon prescriptions from
the doctor, but she handles the
dressing of sores and wounds,
and gives the patients their in-

SUNDAY, SEPT. 2nd 1956

Miss Gova described an inci-
dent showing the selflessness of
the staff at Les Palmistes. A
very old man, dressed only in a
long shirt falling to his. knees,
appeared at the Dispensary one
morning, leaving naked his bad-
ly swollen legs. A syphillitic
case, the old man, could not be
allowed to enter the room, this
being the only protection against
the contagion afforded the
other patients being treated
there. Outside, on a little wall,
he climbed and sat waiting. Sist-
er Bluette went out to him and
gave him his injection, and an
encouraging word, saying: 'Yours
is an easy case for me, as not
much undresing has to be done,.
(Continued in Next 'Edition)


IL is reported that import-
and changes have have been
made in the administrative per-
ponnel of the National Bapk of
the Republic of Haiti, especial-
ly in -the Saving Department Mr.
Maurice Vabre, former director
of the Cayes branch has been
placed in- charge of this section.
There have been changes in the
accounting department also as
Messrs Thdard and Fils-Aime
ha v e been retired. These
changes are subsequent on the
report made by Canadian Ins-
pectors of the PMM who investigate
ed the BNRH operations at the
request of the bank and who
flew back home after submitting
their report to the bank authori-



a. a < S^,40
{J. CA' 212t
30 DAY
' ., Y "You liao lIo rpumrl
via Miam o,
.' "'. tithe ome


5.J, yo. ]ydur Travel Agent or

4- .. -
.Rue Dantes DetaouchMs-Port au Prince-Tel: 3451
*1J*Og P .AAc. ,
La Caravelle has just ,opened a new Subscription Department.
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Pay cash in gourdes, without any extra cost.
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SP. 0. Box 111

fUlNuAf; i r*Fja x hJEJ a.

A section of the front of the Hospital shows garden already flourishing.
Provision has been made for adequate parking space.

ches coffee etc. The utilities see- made Auguste who has returned
tion (laundry, kitchen, emergen- 'from Quebec after 3yrs, study
cy 5 kilowatt electric plant and with the Catholic Order. The Di-
10.000 gallon water reservoir is at rectress of the hospital is Sist-
the extreme end of the biulding. er Rita Viau.
A streamlined green Chevro- Answering Need
let ambulance with all the frills Today with the pronounced
is garaged at the, emergency en- shortage of hospital beds in
trance to the operating theatre. Port-au-Prince and especially the
The operating theatre which rapid growth of tourism the Doc-
is in bright yellow ties will tors who have combined to make
be eventually air-conditioned, is this $150,000 hospital a reality
encircled by the complete set and who .re among the top in
of accessory services One room Haiti having gained recognition
is adjacent to the other on the in the medical world abroad are
systematic modern hospital man- answering one of the communi-
ner impressive even to-ra lay- try's greatest needs. The Associa-
man: rooms for scrubbing, steti- tes of Dr. Miot, President Magloi-
Using, orthopedics, obstretrics, are'ss Personal physician are: Dr.
and gynecology, X-Ray (with ad- Antoine Leveque (surgeon), Dr.
joining darkroom) and instru- Paul Bonhomme surgeonn), Dr
ments. 'AIanes Liautaud (surgeon), Dr
The equipment, from an Albeer Carlos Boulos (nutrionist) Dr.
Comp&re Qrthopedic table, a "Ten Paultre Sajour (surgeon). Dr.
Eighty, operating table a picker Louis Fippolite( general medi-
X-Ray; to a frightening .arraw'.f ine) businessmen. Rene'Domini-
s h i n y ope-ating instruments -que, Alfred de Matteis, engineer
is the finest. A room in the cen- Arsene Magloire who has taken
tre of the hospital provided actions (shares) for his son
with an electric call board to Guy who is 3rd yr. medicine in
summon whatever doctor and Nuz- Paris. The 'capital stock is $60.
se are on luty in the 24 hour con- 000.
tinuous service. No need to fly
SFour sisters of the Oblate Mis- With the new facilities of this
sionaries of the immaculate Or- medical center and hospital
der already installed in one wing Haitians 3will be, encouraged to
of the hospital have taken take advantage of facilities of-
over the duties, X Ray lab exa- fered in their own country and
mination 2) operating room 3) not fly abroad at great expense
administration 4) housekeeping. for medical consultation and
One of the sisters is Haitian Ar- treatment.

'.. .

The Canape Vert Hospital ambulance leaving the garage at the rear


Andr6 Jeanty Jr. Drowns
In Swimming Poo"


Jamaican Administrators

The Honorable Norman Manley
Q.C., Chief Minister of Jamaica,
his-wife and Mr. Earle A May-
nier. Permanent Secretary of
the Ministry of Economic Deve-
lopment stopped in Port-au-Prin-
ce last Sunday on their way to
St. Lucie. They were met at the
airport by Mr. Yvon Perrier of
the Protocol and an officer of
the President's ,Maison Militai-
re and by Glynn Davies of the
British Emrnbasssy.

The funeral ceremony of An-
dr6 Jeanty Jr, son of Deputy
Andr& Emmanuel Jeanty took
place last Saturday afternoon.
Andre died under tragic cir-
cumstances the proceeding Fri-
day afternoon. He was taken out
of the 8-ft deep swimming pool
at Captain Pean's Martissant re-
sidenqe at 3.15 in the afternoon
by Sgt. Robert Plumer chief of
fire Brigade's Rescue Squad.
The boy had been swimming
about 2:30 and there was a 45
minute delay in transmitting the,
alarm to the police There was
no help from the spectators.
Young Jeanty's heart was stilt
beating when he was rushed to
the General Hospital but unfor-
tuantely attempts at artificial
respiration failed to save the
youngster despite the 'devotion
of several doctors and fir&nen.
The Sun offers its sincerest
condolence to his bereaved pa-

Me. Rigal President Of
Port-au-Prince Bar
SMr Rigal &merged'victor in a
very fight for the Presidency of
the Order of Lawyers of the
Port-au-Prince Bar in a drama-
tic last minute announcement of
his candidacy la-t Friday. August
24th. in tho Palais de Justice.
The aBatonnier will be assisted
in the disciplinary council by
Merrs. Maurice Alerte, Joubert
Dotage; Marcel Souffrant, Etien-
ne G. Jean, Luc Boisvert, Pierre
Armand, Webert WIfichaud, Vol
taire Saint Felix, Stuart. Cam
bronne, and Mr Victor1 S .Pierre
Louis as Secertary of the Order.
I -
Consulting Economist
Leaves After 2 Years
According to tLe Nouvelliste:
it has been reported that Mr. Er-
nest Moore, member .of the Tech
nical Assistance mission in Hai
ti and consulting economist at
the Finance Department since
1954 will be leaving soon for Bo
livia The world renewed spe
cialist who belongs to the b6ffice
of the economic' council of the
President of the U.S. had beer
advisor to the Haitian Govern
ment on certain delicate money
rary and fiscal reforms. Severa
of his recommendations havi
already been. adopted.

Missionary Pays Courtesy
Visit To cSun
Rev. Fr. Henry who is collar
borating with Rev. Fr. Jacque
in the Diocesan work of the Ca
yes Bishopric paid a courtesy
visit to the *Sunb Thursday moi
ning and gave us a copy of thi
August-September issue of "ite
monthly cAssomption, magazine
published by the Caves diocese
He promised to mail it regular
ly to the,-eSuni,. The mission
ries (French; American, Cana
dian and Haitian) are doing vera
good work in the South. Fathers
Jacques and Henry are very ac
tive-in Cayes' La Savanne, and
have already built a, house
where the poor may sleep at
:-i-'l i


100 Feet of Space with Every Kind of Drink on Display
Bigger, Better Assorted Beveragc Department
For the Convenience of Our Customers .
10% Reduc'ion tin purchases of 3 bottles or more
fromn- the amount on the price tag.
5% deduction on rhum purchases,







A talented Lecturer at the world-renown'd museum .Le"
Louvre,, Sabine Gova was, destined for a life behind the
barbed wire of the concentration camp for her anti-Nazi acti-
vities when World War II broke out.
But the little lady of French-German extraction escaped :.
from Guts, in the South of France, by stowng away 'aboard.
a ship, destination unknown to the passengers. At Casa Blanca
her presence on the ship was discovered, and the Government *
of Vichy shipped her to cAin-Choko, the concentration camp :':
in the Sahara Desert.
Released from this camp, Sabine lived in the Medina in an
Arab town called gMarrakechi for a year, in the bosom of a.
warm hospitality African family. In this home a lasting sym-
pathy for the people of the African race was born in the heart :'
of this woman.
Sabine's devoted sister meanwhile obtained one of the embr .
agency visas created by the late President Franklin Delano
Roosevelt. As a victim of political persecution, Sabine found :
asylum and a new life awaiting her in the United States, and ,'
in 1948 became a member of the United Nation's Speakers .
Research Committee.
With a heart still warm with the memory of the year at.
Marrakech, and because of a nostalgic tugging within when.
she frequently heard references to Haiti, the Black Republic. -
where her own French was the official language, sle decided ,
in 1954 to make a trip. .-
On arrival here, in conversation with Dr. Kurt Fisher in his'
large downtown tourist bazaar, in Port-au-Prince, Miss Goyva,.
heard him. say that the Ile de la Tortue* was an interesting'
territory. Owner of one of the finest private museuip in Latin .
America, Dr. Fisher spoke of the Indian pottery still to -be
found on the island. It was then that she decided to go to .
Tortuga in search of relics for her collection.
With a letter of introduction to Coloner Thimol6on Paret,.;.
the Army Post Commandant at Port-de-Paix, obligingly fur-. '
nished by Dr. Fisher, Miss Gova set out for La Tortue, taking 'g
the 3-car train from Port-au-Prince. Seven hours later, at the' ,
end of the line, she found she was no farther from the Capital..
than the sity of St. Marc. Covering the rest of the distance ey,
Scar, truck, horse and even donkey (she wanted, no part 6foa '
plane that would rob her of the contact. she enjoyed with' the ."
People during her trek), Miss Gova finally stood in the-North-:.'
western port with Colonel Paret whose aid had been enlisted
to enable her to eenjnimber le canabl. ,
The boatman later dumped her at a point farthest from the;:;
place agreed upon. He was.irritated and angry-.by Colonel. Pa-"...
ret's reprimanding when he exaggerated the passagelfee from ".
the usual 20 0fs. to $3.00. Miss Gova had urged to be allowede;:
to pay it anyway, but a compromise was reached on $2.00.\AX..
the boatman pulled out from the shore, leaving her under .4
threatening rainfall he said simply: cBah! For two dollars, 'i
- will not .'go out of my way from my regular route.: .. '
S Rescued by the shabbily-clad head of a family -whose kind'.,
Sees took in the situation, a young boy was given her ad gulde'..t
for the two-hour climb up the- narrow pass in the gathering'
- dusk. The rain struck them half way up and they trudged.
? into Les Palmistes soaked to the skin. 'The good san.rita.
e turned out to be the, Mayor of the town, and the 'guide'`was '--
Sone of his young sons. './
Sabine Gova spent only two days at Tortuga, but it was eh,"-
I ough to send her to the lecture platfQrms of the United States,.'
Sand to sether writing articles about Haiti in magazines with:
e world-wide circulation. : ''
She leaves the country for the second time, tomorrow, for-
her 'commitments can no longer be otponed after 'i *ontt'i
vacation among her friends on La Tortue, and helping around
the Dispensary when Father Riou and' his slmal but huinm.ni-
a- tarian staff were swamped with patients. .
Now proud at having won the .-name eTattte Sabine she'
considers herself a- member of the great' Haitian family, for
Sshe was honored by a farmer and his wife with their choice of
e her as godmother for the infant, now three weeks, old, whoe.
Swas born while the .young mother clutched Miss Gova's com-'
e forting arms thrown about her during her hours of labor.
S On the day she held her cfilleulz proudly and crossed over
to the church, the bells of Notre Dame des Palmistes (Ou1
. Lady of the Palms) tolled joyously. Swinging the heavy cables.:
Sin the bell-tower, for the ebaptrme* was Renrf,D. Scutt, Jr., ,
S15-year-old son of the Government's Fiscal Department Direc-
s tor. Ren6, also, was spending his vacation on Rle de La Tor-
- tue as a guest of his good'friend, Father Riou. '


CFPT- 2ndl 195fi

An A, ILI 0

r.AGE 4

i------ 4- ...__________
^Two Haitian Delegates
SAt 'The 6th International
SLabor Conference
.- Emile Legros chief of the Labor
B..urc'au's Research Service and
;l Milfrt Josaphat, president of Ma-
.rritnme Agents Syndicates flew to
S:I.Havana, Cuba yesterday to repre-
:"sent Haiti at the 6th Regional
...Conference of the American Sta-
.;,tes, members of the International
SLabor Organisation.
'.The conference, presided over by
ILO's Director General David A.
V .-Moree will be opened tomorrow
:.. "morning by President Fulgencio
i Batista in the Capitollo Nacional.
M:.The following problems will be
(FT'eaminmd: employer employees
i.Telafioneand salary increase. The
Y'confrence close on the 13th of

,'.The '.Shore Company's S.S.
CSMaea:allon* will arrive in'Hai-
K:'tlan' waters on September the
14 t./t Thij ship placed at the dis-
"..:podal of the Agricultural Bank
p.riivll'load 14,000 stems of banana
'at the Ports of Jeremle end Cap
'.H:.aitian for the U.S.
T ''he cPlacida has loaded 1Q,-
.i00.',stemns in the south, in Jac-
janael :and Anse-du-Clerc' while
"the eSoiaa" which arrived In
1c-iap'Haltqen on August 19th has
q.oaded- 8M4 stems in St. Marc.
'..Port-de-Paix and Jean-Rabel.-

.". ". ;
Pii;.6R SALE '
Oie-typewriter SMITH-CORONA,
i' Only $100.00
,".See WToptcal Gas Company, Inc.
t' .. Rue Pavte
-1 .. ., i 1 '\ -

a AA

i,' E sit

mmc. WMl,
V. ...,

t "rj sits yir

: Agency McAllister
i. . ..
:.. >**. t . *
* l i^ USSSS




Joseph report

Mr. DAVID SHORE AND Mr. LEVENSON, well-known businessmen
in the banana world were in Port au Prince last week. They had suc-
ce~sful discussions with the Agricultural Bank's authorities.
Mrs. ISOBEL SECORD directress of the 'Lamps Limited, ended a
5-day vacation in Haiti last Thursday. (
MISS SOLANGES DIAMBOIS, teachjier at the annex of the Lycee P4-
tion flew to Canada last Thursday afternoon to specialise in Pedagogy.
'Mr. AMERICA 1947. muscular Steeve Reeves ended his Haitian
vacation last week to return to the 'irons in his Miami Barbell Clubp.
The former physical culture champ visited physical culture -clubs in
Port au Prince and gave a brilliant display of muscle control in the
Dyna Barbell Club. .
CLAUDE THEBAUD and his mother fly to New York today where
'Ti-Claude, will meet his brother Jacques studying refrigeration in
Philadelphia before going to Boston to .start his medical studies.
. ROLAND MONTAS returned to Port au Prince last Sunday after
a one month business and vacation trip in New York.
Mr. ERIC TIMMER, Haitian Consul in Anvers for 5 years has 'been
decorated Knight of the Order of Leopold by the Belgian Sovereign
for his excellent work in forging Haitian-Belgian relations.
ENID MOSIER left Riviera stage and the Steel Band for three days
in Hospital last week. The sexy songstress was suffering from high
blood pressure. '
TWO FRENCHMEN are due here on a world cruising yacht. They
we;e in J.cmel last week end.
A aHABITANT. OF TEXTILE AVENUE received a letter from Cairo,
Egypt this week with a big cancellation slogan on the-envelope read-
ing: 'Free Navigation of the Suez Canal Guaranteed.- This Will be
welcome to our cabotagee,. f
A limbless baby is now in the HospItal pf Hinqhe suffering from diar-
rhoea. Weighing. 2 pounds, tlie baby Is a source of curiosity to the
doctors, nurses and internees. Dr. Musset Hilton, director of the Hos-
pital has place him in the care of Dr. Btzffon Mondestinw as his mother
has abandoned him.
'A pig was bbrn on Papaille Farm near Hinche with monkey face and
limbs, but only lived 36 hours. Reports fr6m 'Le Nouvelliste-.
Thieves seem quite keen on tailored suits these days as theta break
into tailorshops under the very noses of the Police.
Following closely on the recent robbery at Guttierez', the Rue du
Centre tailorshop of Bucereth was broke into on the night of the 17th
(Augusti. One Mr. Carobert who was in room adjoining the tailorshop
was stabbed in the back by one of the thieves as he tried- to catch one
of his fellow bandits at the corner of Rue du Centre and Rue Traver-
siAre. Meanwhile, the tailorshop was cleaned out by the thieves. Mrs.
Carobent's signal, was ignored by a passing taxi which, subsequently
picked up the thieves who are'still being searched for by the Police.
MISS MARIE CARMEL DURAND, fomn Cavaillon, became Sister Loui-
se on August 25th as she pronounced her religious vows in the Order
of the Sistqrs of Charity in Cayes.
ALIX FOMBRUN son of Senator and Mrs. Charles Fombrun wed lo-
vely Huguette Lew daughter of Mime Charly Lew Friday afternoon.
The charmant couple are honeymooned in Furcy.
Both the New York Times and Miami Herald quoting from what they
term reliable ,sources stated this week.

CABINET RESIGNS.- (Port-au-Prince, Haiti).-President Paul E.
Magloire's seven-man cabinet has resigned. Reliable sources and the
collective resignation stemmed from Finance Minister Clement Jumel-
]e's decision to throw his hat in the presidential'ring, with Magloirie's
Presidential elections are scheduled for October, Magloire is expect-
ed to form a new cabinet soon.

Mr. Sdjcxur Laurent at his investiture as Minister of Presidency and Labour. Being warmly congratulated
by oIotagng Cabinet Minister Mr. Jacques Frenois.

SUNDAY SEPT. und 19f

There is only one road to take when in Search of Good
Fold in i romantic setting



LJ=K fL. &MUL Juruo

SUNDAY, SEPT. 2nd 1956 naz cu

Community Weekly Published Sunday Morning
G6rant-Responsable PAUL E. NAJAC

The spotlight has been turned on the 14,000 islanders of
lede la Tortue. The interview with Dr. Sabine Gova, publish-
ed in this issue, is edifying as to the tragic predicament in
which these people find themselves today. As the age of en-
lightenment descends on the island, they have little or no
buying power with which to provide themselves with the sim-
ple necessities of life.
In a short period of 30 years, these people have been given
a church, a dispensary and a school. They have been drawn
away from voodoo to the Catholic Church.
But materially, Father Riou and his assistants obviously
are in need of help to place the living conditions of the small
farmers and fishermen of this forgotten community on a high-
er level.
The needs of the people on Tortuga Island are multiple. Be-
sides the overall needs of clothing which prevails throughout
the island, and the special cases where the mother it in dire
need of little garments for her newborn child, food is a con-
tinual problem.
At Les Palmistes, Father Riou's Dispensary itself lacks many
of the essentials, such as mattresses, basins, bed pans, spitoons
and other items for the sick room. Toilet and washing facili-
ties are insufficient.
Almost any article mentionable as a necessity in a home,
clinic or 'hospital is wanted on lie de la Tortue.
To those who feel they would like to help these people up.
on their climb to christianity and a better life, we suggest
they send contributions of money, food, clothing, etc. intend-
ed for Father Rion to him through Father Desjardin, c/o St.
Louis de Gonzague School at Port au Prince.

An example of what speed can do on the broad boulevard
running through crowded slummy La Saline lay in mhe middle
of the road Tuesday afternoon in a pool of blood. A mother
of five who left her home town of Anse d'Hainault after es-
caping hurricane Hazel could not escape a grey four wheel
hurricane that struck without warning at.4:30 P.M.
There was no excuse for this accident. The jeep left Tell-
Tale skid marks for a hundred feet behind it. In this crowded
quarter, people are continually streaming back .and forth from
their homes to the sea shore and large pigs as well as aboure-
tiers> are ,constantly in the road. When the jeep struck the
woman, it carried her for a great distance as the tires burned
up the asphalt in a vain effort to stop. When the jeep with its
smashed head-lamp bonnet and fender came to a halt, it threw
the mangled body of the woman into a heap twenty feet.away.
Not a breath of life remain in the woman. It is impossible, per-
haps, to control speeding. There will always be speedsters.
But a moderate speed should be indicated by signs as com-
pulsory within the city limits.


The embelishment of Haiti's capital city Port au Prince is
a matter of prime importance especially considering, the in-
Screasing development of. the city. The organisations respon-
sible should make regular inspections of the entire city ensur-
ing that government's efforts are not baulked.
The St. Martin Cemetery is incongrous in the context of the
Delma double-land highway to P6tion Ville 'which gives access
to the Chancerelles airport and' the expensive res*. The tourist eyes become even more striking in con-
trast to the .Beautiful Brandt Filature. Goats and horses graze
on this fenceless cemetery in which disorderly built; tombs
are surrounded with wild grass. R e s i d e n ts of neighboring
houses fear that tombs will soon be built in their very court
yards. ,- I .
In short the condition of thecemetery merits immediate at-'
tention. If it cannot be removed then at least it should be
walled off and regularly cleaned. The powers that be should
do something about this sad state of affairs pointed up Fritz
Basquiat in a Front page Le National Editorial last week.

The Editor.


I would like to congratulate
Mr. Long on his very understan-.
ding article on the relations bet-
ween negro Americans and Hai-
tians published in your August
26th issue.
His analysis of the difference
between the two peoples shows
insight and social awareness. I
would be happier if Mr. Long
would enlarge a bit on his sub-
ject especially when he leaves
us waiting for subtile similari-
tiesa outside of the physical like-
ness of Haitians and American
Negroes, which he does not indi-
At any rate Mr Editor, al-
though ,I welcome mutual un-
derstanding between many peo-
ples, it is difficult to see how
this wfill develop when in this
case where the background of
-Negro American and Haitians is
so completely different.
(S): ((ScepticaZ.

A Red Cross team of five
headed by Dr Louis Roy left
Port-au-Prince on Monday mor-
ning to investigate alarming re-
ports- of distress 'in Northwest-
ern Haiti. This Red Cross team
will spend five days passing
through Anse Rouge, Bale. de,
Henne, Bombardopolis, Mole St
Nicolas, Jean-Rabel, Port-de-
Paix, La Tortue 'Is. before retur-
ning to the Capital.

Take the

when you'i


7-4, E D ITO

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Ref. 7050: A lhandsname mau's watch, available in stainless. ..
ireeJl-Lksolid gold. : ..
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S in stainless geel or with solid god bezel, .

Pronounce "Girard-Per'go"
a pine Watches since J79i ,

bse facts Alongi

re "shopping" for spares

'. ", ''

There's only one reliable source for ..
Genuine Caterpillar Spares ..'. your ..
Coaarpillar Dealer.
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research, metallurgy,, manufacturing tech-
niques and performance.


You can't "look under the hide" whe n, -
you buy spares. Two parts which look ,: "
alike on the surface may be vastly-,' '.
different inequality a nd fit. .. )
'. .o

( ,

To be sure of performance, don't go "shopping" for bargains in spares.
Buy only Genuine Caterpillar Spares ..reasonably priced and ex-
pertly made from your authorized Caterpillar Dealer.



Ou v16 faire crou 1'en langue angl6 zott fort assez
pour lire cHaiti Sun* lors ouap fumin cigare
apres caf6 dimanche, pousse-caf6... M' di gare
que trope Rhum Barbancourt t.te ou pas d6placL...
Ou ta quittO quatrain pour Fen sonnet tracer
toute m6pris zott pour charabia creole... Dare, dare
oun poeme ac forme fixe corn z'aile fragile Icare
ta montr6 toute force ou ren m6trique blanc francs.
Par quatre ti vers min combien temps ou fait l'6cole?
D6 colbin decs corn ou foc le diable patafiole
qui croue yo neg l'esprit quand yap signing b4guoais.
Si M'sieur Bernard Diederich vl1 accepter chroniques.
M'pas gfAter journal moune la france ac pied chique,
comme dit proverbe: Th6 ou boulli, c6 th6 ou boui!...

The slightest motion of your wrist winds ithe revolutionary .". ,
new mechanism of these Girard-Perregaax Gyromatics, '
storing away more than 40 hours running time. Thetq '
extremely precise mechanisms are protected by the most

., .. "Mmm .

1 ,. '. ..THE

We become interested in a great
;many things, and in a goodly
; number'of people for various rea-
s ons, but usually it is because we
41, figure that these people or thfigs-
.. are important in the society to
:.. wjich we belong. However, wE:
.?ape not preocedpied to any large
R':degree with those who may, in
pr one way or other, make us spend
o;.ur money by persuading us to
Purchase articles which are ne-
:' cessary, and Indispensable, as
^ wejU as objects which We could
Easily 4wego. The time in our
::- 'lives when 'it was possible for us
. to acquire a fountain pen a
- watch, a house or perhaps a car,
-1:will ever remain engraved in our
:, ..tomthe most ancient times of
A'istory, the vendor has always
'..'played an important role arid has
:i,.contributed to the expansion of
business throughout the world.
In this article we are going to
talk about the salesman-English
Stem 'which means vendor. Nbt
J'udst. the ordinary type ,.but one
"1 hose powers of persuasion and
artfutlmess forces you as it were
...tb purchase the object which he
proposes. ii Haiti they began to
'Vialk about the salesman about 19-
:-'17, 'the'period when automobile.
'.' agc l"ea began to flourish in tha
', country. This new means of trans
""portatio. was at once considered
a making, and the autoindbile 'was
',":an imnedihte sensaticc. This ebos
-i.ns-cboual (buggy without a
; re)-as it was referred to in
public, couldn't be parked with-
.' optbeLng surrounded by a crowd
i' tb..the curious. Though everybo-
:'dy appeared to agree qs td the.
'.multle' advantage* .offered by
r, this 1w4 invention, it, was never-
,P'theless not easy to bring, the
'.clientto .decide upcn 'making the
V.'-acquisition of, an automo-
.'bfle.. In spite.- of his
onthuiasm ,j o .u c o Uld s ee
F: itla'he ,had his doUbts as to the
". safety of ils' machine whose can
.0 noqade terrified him. Anmcug the
i arguments with, which he 'oppo-
S','ed the efforts of the salesman,
i.we> \ cite the price of the vehi.
ele,4which he considered too
,.hifhthough nowadays the equi-
.. va,'nt model sells three times
:',higher This together, with the
,m-hoat.fantastic tales told by pen
Spie, who had never even seen an
g'i autbmoblle, about the dangers
:..risked in a car, only increased
:..th'e decisionin of the buyer.

-S! howeverer in spite of all these
handicapsp, tie automobile conti-
:ied to arrive: ti abundance in
;al .ti Imncreasing from day to day.
ii,'he automobile agencies were
ii..ot long in feeling the necessity
,. of having trained employees in
:: their service capable of pushing
Sthe sale of this new article.

. '-' .
r' First our brokers of old, (licen-
sed and unlicensed)-became ki-
,;.terested in the automobile busi-
ness attracted by the fat commis-


-. ma I

Z tie Pu

o HAIkTI SUN -'.


sion granted on the sale of auto-
mobiles, and which apparently
could be earned so easily. Thy
were not long in finding out, how-
ever, the difficulties awaiting
them' for it was not only a ques-
tion of offering a car to an eve-it
ual customer, but there was the
matter of demonstrations, and
furnishing him all the details for
inform.ig him about the construe
tion and functionling of a car.
These brokers found that it was
easier to sell property, etc., and
less dangerous to drive a buggy.
Our old hands then didn't stay .n
the salesman class for long, and
they returned to the sales of
more familiar objects.

It was then that our young men
entered the arena, tid went. after
a career as future automobilists.
They quickly found out the neces
sty of acquiring certain' knowled
ge indispensable to the salesman
of automobiles: general mechr.-i-
ic,- practical psychology, possibili
ties 'of this new market, etc .
The more diligent ones immedia-
tely started reading everything
they could find on the automobi-
le, and' others-as is usually the
case-in a hurry to make money
:entered nin bataille sans bAtonv
(in a battle without being armed).
I still remember one of these
strop pressdss. (too much in a
hurry guys) short of arguments,
r..id feeling that the customer
was escaping him, cried- out' with
vehemencep gadd non men che
-ou apd betis4, toute cb machi-
ne 1A c6 casting* (listen here,
friend-you're kidding, the whole
body of this machine is *cast-
!*-g$). Casting in English means
drfontez--cast iron, not very mal-
leable and rather easily crumb-
led. At this period, to bring a cus
-tomer. around to purchasing a car
iwas a real adventure. You began
by maklpig him frequent visits.
becoming, almost an ihimate of
his-before proposing to give him
a demonstrationn' For his part,
realizing that he was becoming
more and more importrn-t to you
arranged 'to prolong the situation
from which he hoped to draw the
most possible advantages. It was
alwys, a good sign when the cu'
tomer finished by accepting to-gr
with you for a drive in the car.
Exactly at the hour fixed by him
Small the family awaited you dres
sed in their Sunday best. He fix
ed the itinerary to be followed.
he was bent on being seen in
an automobile by his relatives
and friends residing in certain
neighborhoods. It was then that
the salesman's calvary began
The trip across town was not a'
ways without incident. There
were c.-ily a few paved streets
and in certain places you couldn't
cross the large mud puddes en
the road without having to push
the car. This was great fun for
the simpletons who followed
shouting: (LI COLE...11 cold...
pouss6606!* (HE IS STUCK...he

stuck...pushhh!). It was not al-
ways that the promenade through
the city sufficed to convince the
customer. He wanted to make cer
ta'.i that the car could stand up
on the road, and climb the slopes
with facility You had to resign
yourself, and take the route to
Petionviie which was then adirt
road.This was important because
they were saying: cion bon voiti,
dou6 capab' mcrater gros-morne
nan troisiemex (a good car should
be capable of going up Gros-VMor--
ne - third).

Then you drove out to
Bizoton the road of which
was very dangerous. Once
out of the city limits, jthe chauf-
feur drove with ecoeur-sott&. (to
make your heart jump)-he fear-
ed that a bread-down might occur'
r.id spoil everything. He was es-
peeially afraid of a flat tire. whe-
els with removable outer rims
were not yet invented. To repair
an ".iner'tube, the tire had'to be
detached from the wheel, an ope-
ration which represented two
hours of labor. At last, if everyth
',g went well, the salesman de-
barked the family from the start.
ing point. The satisfied customer
often request two or three days
to think the matter over before
cc.-icluding the affair, and the
guarantee that the firm would gi-
ve him a week of driving lessor-
before he took delivery of the au,

He insisted cin the fact that he
could not put out all that money
in cicn bagaye (a thing-a-ma-jigg)
and not know how to use it. And
he added: emoin pas v16 lagent

moin batte moin- (I don't want
my money to beat me.)

It could no longer be called a
peditic-i-when a customer from
the provinces after having tried
the car several days in the Capi-
tal, to exact before 'final cc-iclu
sion of the deal, that he be dri-
vyen home in sa machines (his
car). Today we stilt speak of bad
roads; but, you should have seen
these roads covered with quag-
mire which 'had just been opened

somm V Wm

to traffic, and that the slightest
rainfall transformed ".nto lakes
and into impassable mud-holes.
You couldn't say no to the custo.
mer who affirmed: .C0 lacaille
agent pou moin pay6 ou la yb
(The money to pay you with is at
my house.)
continuedd on page. 17)
Avenue Christophe (near -Ho-
tel Oloffson). Beautiful room,
with private bath, nicely fur-
nished suitable for couple- or
single, opening on terrace. With
or without meals. Telephone




A'" A
S '. The

Si Celebration



Three convenient weekly flights to take
you into the goy. romantic atmosphere
of the Pearl of the Antilles!
Only 90 minutes from Port-au-Prince
to Santiago de Cuba by CUBANA!

For information and reservations see your
Travel Agent or call Pan American World
Airways, Rue Dantes Destouches, Phone 3451

SUNDAY, SEPT. 2nd 1956

I. .

flUNiJAT, 'r. mu i HAITi ~UN


Second of Three Articles
By Ralph REED
American Express Company
International tourism hasbeen
growing at a rapid rate during
the last' eight years and promi-
ses to outperform even these in-
creases in the decade to come.
I would.like to concentrate on
some of the measures whieh go-
vernminents have taken and. can
tak9 to increase the flow of tou-
rists to their shores. To the de-
gree. that these comments can-be
taken as ,uggestiops for ,action,
they are'-.suggestions made. -with
sincere' humility, recognizing ..ful-
ly the enormous complexity 'of
this subject. ,
The basis for l4' 'successful
encouragement of. tourism, has
Salways been a Zong-range prog-
giram, developed jointly by go-
vernzment and private' business
leaders, the basic pre'mises-of
which, are decided 'Yippn hby all
concerned. Planning of this kind
usually involves careful coiiside-
ration as to which internal 'tou-
rist industries require assiitan-
'ce, financial or otherwise, in. .or-
der .to bring the quality and ex-
tent of their services up td the
level neceisary-and it should
be added here that' thbe past his-
tory of, most European countries
has shown that some sufichsubsi-
dies are 'often found desirable.
A s.all but vital'-prt of such
a long-range program, often ne-
gleated',' -is the development of
up-to-date techniques of seftur-
ing statistics o6, current touris5n
to the country concerned AJsb,
traVel 'o the ''entire ktoirist
V-area), to which the country. be-
SJongs.U: 13t hbe surveyed, .
l.O".. '. 41.important,. any long-ra'n-
0 ge i St, "-PrqmofioBqal .program:
.nust'itale carefully.jtnto account
,' the .'vst change in'.the economic
prfdilof. the, traveler that has
takle6i.p0c6"duting the lyt 20
years. jNo'.roe. is travel restriit-
ed,'to the itop-income groups Of
any, c.ontry. In fact, the market
.is steady','. broadening down-
.trJte' 'arage tourist .t'.today'
..I's ka friendly, intelligent, niAedr-
..: standingidlvidual;- who wants,
."'i.to4get 'tle.:nost out of'his corn-
.patativep[tslkBnder budget. He
,'diervdi.ithe respect -Qnd..- coope-
'-atioiin .ofb.ah,-of us .interested in
tbh'eurtih4' velopi.ent of tra-
i ''' ^ -\ -: .. ... '. i" ... ."'J
'i'l -\ ~ : ....,& ;.. ',

--.-,* *...'* -;,* '",
S- ,.'-, Rph .Reed
'vel..We.mustshb e alert to see.---
*andil if'necesst, we: must make
regdatiois to, see that those
"With les, scripIes do'not try -to
take ajvantagd :.6f him. If they
:dit, vwill'.1-e our loss;
"The 'job 't6' governmnent' and
.of' private'ibusin.ess ..n encourag-
' ing toursin.can. perhaps be de-
fined' as .the s .i.utaneous deve-
jlopment of the'aci ities for'tou-,
rism and .the, deinad,foqr these
facilities. _i "',; ,.,. ,. '.
The facilitie'.'for tourism -"
-the basic necessities for its ope-'
'ration are,.'in: fact 'an eddnr-
':mous cllecflon of siialLbxt .vi-
tal detaiwi:. Current traspdrta-'
..ton'.,systems riil; bIus, auto
and so' forth need attention to
make sure they are .dequate'to
serve a towing market; High-
Way systems 'must .be" checked
4and step$ taken through the prq-
per authorities o see .that they
are improved iihere' necessary.
The buiIdingi.,of pew hotels must
be encouraged. Travel 'clerks,
hotel personel, -guides, and "all
others coming, directly i n.qont act
with. tourists must." be prperly
trained and be able to speak the
tourists language: reas.ona-bly
The present and potential tou-
*rist attracti9.s- of the country
also deserve careful study and
in this 'regard the technical ad
vice of outside tourist promotion
experts is' often Invaluable..
.Sports areas"'ca: 'often be'deve-
loped to an extent previously in-
Sconceivable. Local festival&', of
one kind or another can be spon-



scored and advertised abroad
Seasonal advantages of certa
areas within the country c


be capitalized upon.
Now let's have a look at ways
by which various countries have
increased tourist travel to their
shores. The most important re-
quirement in the stimulation of
tourist 'demand is the develop-
merit of a thorough-going adver-
tising and promotional program
designed to reach all segments
of the travel-buying public in
other countries. Such advertis-
ing should preferably be coor-
dihated with press releases, 'ma-
gasint article's, cooperative ar-
rangements with travel agents,
merchandising schemes, and the
The development of off-season
travel sometimes called
thrift season travel, merits
_careful, thought as a way of sti-
mulating the aunual flow of tou-
rists. A number of. tourist areas
have developed' in recent,'years
an active year-round tourist
industry by providing low-
cost package tours of interest
to a broad market, at times of
the year',whe'n tourist' activity
previously was at or near a
standstill. tPackage tours gene-
rally include transportation, ho-
tel accommodations, etc.
Concerted efforts should "be
made to-develop trade-fairs, spe-.
cal festivals, anniversary eqhi-
bits arid other similar affairss at-
Stractive to. tourists. .Conveution
bisiess .can be encoutaged. Spe-
cial eduqatlonaj tlb.agraims for.
foreigners are oftep greeted. with
enthusiasm, p .particulaly ,.when'
coupled with low-cost student a&e-
commodatipns'.. and, ..rasohabl
priced, .mears o',"tiransportation.
Provide (dtl a 'majority of
these measures ,are gien, a4ten-
tion -and thoughtful, acon, ..I
Wobud. be '.willing to' predict -that
anly cointry'.-having pome tourist
attrafctidOns en consfderhbly 'in-'
'erease 'her number or visitors. In
'Iry tangible terms, such visit-
'ors mean a stronger internal eco-,
nomyb., .a.Jigher level of business.
activity, 'and greater prosperity
on .every.,evel '.

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!I1I-ITEA58W&NCE Ignacio Silon6, eE oun erivain italien qui gain en pile sue-
R :se s I'ASURa" ceis 'en monde enter. Li derit ouvrages corn Fontamara cote
frVoltne REspoNsASiLiTE i attaqu6 charongues qu'ap lugubr6 nations, Pan y Vino que
*3iJLL. l estune protection sans doute Haitiens connin Ian catalogue ivres.
r. ventalfte d ,., Luis Alberto Sanchez racontd que Ian oun reunion Berlin
lcOntrPeux K pe td&lan. organism par Congrs poun liberty Culture, Silon6, pou clarifier
4cygdidentdevotpe papt. discussions declare:
|fiernaccidn-Lor ddmocratie paraite, yo cr66 droit habeas corpus, base
rB WOTEN gcE5SITEf garanties citoyens en tout et partout. Jodi-a, la vie devenu tel-
Slement compliqu6 que d6fende corps, oun bagaille matdriel,
A U !oP0TAM AUTOMOBILE corpus, pas aussi important et dhcisif conmme ga l l'anme
l kTtlM u amo5 ofre d es nous. Done, consigne la doud: combatte pou oun habeas anima.
xeceptionnbellment rique cot6 moune dit-qa yo vA6, fait va yo v16 lan cadre ]a loi. .
L/L ANNiELLE'a Par example gain oun tidif6 bould assez amusant qui pass lan
%^,w.49/4. '1/,,,e- Congris Washington.
jJ'4 qV~A wyl6 Richard Brevard Russel, s6nateur ddmocrate pour la Geor-
tt4,li gie d6gobi4 a l'adresse de Charlie Wilson:
A-t -Vanit62 ac arrogance ministry D6fense ia, d6pass6 seule-
k uonv ci-EnET fl ment pis manque comprehension I' de g6nie government
t OGS *NE POUR9H aim6ricaln. M' d6clare quoram populo cque c oun danger pour
tA~Ve.Ro unANEAME own pays gain oun n'hommne aussi completement inepte et
A"'e ^y >-u.A/a,.itIoN inEquip6 pour occuper oun poste si dangereux que Ministre
\ ...CS D6fense Nationale.
3'6gdL752 OP'StF Lan Congres Panama. decisions que president Paul Eugene
.i 12008 ifMaloire prefd ac president Eisenhower et i'autre presidents
*'V 1 V e,, Am6rique Tropicale. C6 exactement poun que nations opprime
,-y 14)* . par oun bande d6 vlin de bindingues cab respirer librement`
j '" 6 bn as soleil bon Dieu.. c6 exactement habeas an;ma que Igna-
jelo Silon4 reclami.
|'.! ,'' ... OUN N;HOMME PERDU .
I- .'Lan article 4 Juin A propos effacement Jesus de Galindez,
^" "'y'i gS :t toute m'otune comprende que Franklin Delano Roosevelt jeune
Spas responsible disrrrition F'; )an. oun i1aitre chapitre,; c6 i
au'travaille pou Rafael Trujillo. Assurement zott connin que
|Txjillo c6 youne parmi pi grand cauchemnars lan categorie
,J ., dictateurs qu'ap tu, torture, .pt6,.terroris6. Mouch6 Roose-
.'ve lt3eune touched 30.00 dollars chaque arinde pou 1' recom-
'' Y mander Trujillo ban nous. Est-ce que m'cab permette mrin
ill CRIME "
Su u":' JourIEblanc mdlicain pinga dit denit 1' pas blanche. C6 pas
S. .pays coui 'Couvri coui. Ou te Mette qa ou .t6 y6,. des que ou
Ca !rott Q ...mangb'U'argent Rochambeau c6 fouqu6 pou .yo fouquer ou.
____,__ _" *Lan point coince coince minin'1cougnan.-,. "
Comme secretaire pou rendez-vous ex-president Harry S.
3't, 4 gAt'st Truman 'et couyanne respect Matthew J Connelly t6 gain oun
.... - "grand reputation pou laver toute vaisselles. Semaine passee.
:i : .~." .. an ville St-Louis, oun jury decide que Matt Cbnnelly tap cher-
".,... '. "ch6 cuite trope manger sou oun soul dif6: yo conda ne 1'pou
I ,- c'onsDiration lan planchi oun i'homme qui t'ap volor l'Etat:
j .. .... En mine temps yo p6td quiou macoute ancient sous-Commis-
f:,;,:. ..... ,. saire Gouvernement Therors Lamar Candle. Come gangam-
a,'..:, IS Aux I bouc qui gain trope douktes lan main mouchd en bas menace
..' .'.Au .. I cinq ansp rison ac 10.000 dollars amende.-

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Comit6 centr.1J4r6mie rayonnin lan toute arrondissement Of Mixed Voices
trand'Anie. 'ac4.Tibron. Plus de 70 bureaux cbmmunautaires
ap fonctibnni6 !pi plus .d'un an. 30.000 membres ap boulA
sou oun-pndlig6 uiprend corn di6 lan chamo cannes: Youne HEAR 'H fIVE PIECE
pou toute, tQUte !Poua. .youne. C .grace A bureau cbmmunau'
tairesqu i 'af joihide recolte ann6e ga tanq yo fait disparaite VILLA CREOLE
sequelle cyclone; Hazel lani champ cacao ac cafe.
Manager I:chaiit6sque people americain ac Fbhdition Care ORCHESTRA
voy6 ban' ndus'n,0o-s fait routes, i'ecoles,.. dispensaires, nous -
ride depart Wriit' agriculture -an travail sauvetage toute oun d h
province. and hear Haitian
Jodi a, nous pas bon, nous pas gain la science, indig6nes ima..
bWciles, impossible pou yo r6ussi mete sou .pied oun pays d&- -- --- -
vast6, nous pas connin super art master of ni principes plani-
fication ac boudingrisation.
Min tonnerre, zeu Christophe Colomb qa, gain longtemps rj -.,eAnrrs
nous fine mange 1'. Lan Ite Missa est R. P. Langlais paraite I'YO gA6 5w,-d
comn oun diable lan oun benitier pou 1' vine organiser bureaux f
cominunadtaires, pou I* faitla lune tounin fromage, pou I' flan S oC-M
cluer patte li sous jeep mairesse Porto Rico braille mairesse I
JrAmie pou ridA n' lan travaille nous. rapfirjjAp 4 D1
Eh some, nous mandA qui droit R. P. Langlais gangnin
aui loi, qui miracle cab metamorphoser oun jeep Felicia de o A
Gautier en Machine Nations-Unies.
Affaire Master of ca, li temps pou l' frete: t. -Ir {..f &
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SUNDAY, SEPT. 2nd 1956 __ ___HAITI SUN PAGE 13 '
MODElWRN HAITIAN THOU C lIT BY AT L'ed and well thrown b a r d s of the first Negro in Santo ..Do-
MODERN HAITIAN THOUG T BY1 ALEXISl of e a u.s tic wit. Also wor- mingo to rise in revolt against ,
thy of' note are : Isnardin slavery; La crete-i-Pterret by .t
(Continued from last edition) Denx pauvres petites filles (1920) Vieux's Makandal, a glorification (Continued on page 14) .. '-
Toward 1930, following closely {* by FLix Courtois; Cruelle des-
on the heel[ of the group indi- Ut"n6e (1929) by Virgile Valcin; '
gbne, there arrived on the scene Le joug (1930) by Annie Desroy;
a small cliqie of ostentatious in- La p.ie et 'ombre (1931) by ..-.
telleuotria s who outdidn their pre- *Jacques Roumain: and Le nigre .T'.
cursors in heir de votion to'cAfri masque (1933) by Stdphen Ale- . 4f:
canism.* This group was known xis. In all these works one dis- ::
as. Les Griets. Its luminaries' covers human truth of a very '' .
were: Louis Diaquoi, Franois . ... earth y quality, strongly bound '
'Duvainser, LJorifher Denis, K a& u n to the mysteries of the race; *ggI
ber Jacob, Louis. Mars, Dsniel a there is also a'tendency toward :,
Fignole6, and Rend Victor. The t if the service of society, art
heart-rending .poems of Lourdis a turned to humble everyday rea- .
Diaquoli were matched in quali- lity, to its griefs-, and joys. There .' S
ty by the brilliant essays on eth- were others in the same vein: :
nography, folklore, voodoo, and Vi4jo (1935) by Maurice Cassdus;
psychology written by his taleht- La case de Damballah (19395 by RK-225 '.- j .
eA companions. In general, the P6tion Sa byin; an cq Canap vert A.A

Th ,ois "f La ""nd were" 'ol wil not ta" a.. li:gt H^I^ E ^ ^I^ ^l' i' '*l,
poetry of the younger genera- w (19431 by Pierre and Philippe- -* Aft. m 1 '1',
tion evoked splendors whose ori- Thoby K warcelin..The Haitian 'DE mANFACTURES: *r,:" : B
gins lay deep in the African past *.novel, however, did not reach A E T EM N FCU E
-the humiliation of bondage, full. maturi until the publica- .- '"-
the inderibable losing of d thne s Stephen ALEXIS .tion of Jacques Roumain's Gou- W ( .L' "E b '.. Y .;
Negro for a lost paradise expres- ,verneurs de' la rosee in 1944. It -
sed in'so., many of the sorrow- that underneath that partially was translated into many an- .*
laden .folksongs sung by the sla- Latinized- exterior there beat guages and attracted world-wide FIRST IN SALES '
yes of Santo-Domingo, songs a heart straight from Seeirgal. attention. There was also Lea se- "'.
strangely suggestive of death Moanwhile Dominique Hippobly- mezpces de La olire by Anthony
and nothingness. This haunting te, discovering the mysteries of LespLs (1945). By virtue of its
note characterized- the mysteri- Africa in soul, orchestrated into Style, its tr ttment of the sub- .
ous poems of Carl Brouard and his sun-sp'a-hed verse the speak- ject ma'tera],,`an4 the poignancy
the. Antonio Vieux who re- ing harmonies of cone-shaped. of its drama, this greai social n.,__ :
discovered .-the old Egyptian drums which cried out in the fresco of the Haitian peasantry
theme of turning to one's na- night with an agonizing death deserves an acclaim equal to
tive land,- Ie nostos of Osiris, the rattle that received by' Jacques Ron-" ","> ,
black god:. France d the est o the main's magnificent work.- ,
Thc pocts of La Ronde were world will not take a liking to n l e
fi*hed' hgantmodes our literature and poetry until The theater did not I
of expression were repudiated they have ceased to be French. in this forward march of Haitian a .- --
by the younger keneration who 'In all. modesty, it was that very art, The year 1917 witnessed the -w w
wanted-a truly Haitian poetry, a quality which caused Gu Ih production of a play satirizing" E ND:A:RT6 ,
GuaL6a poetryio al quait &I.~.
Negro poetry of protest, resent- Djhah by Stephen Alexis to be the occupation forces, a play % r
meat, hite, love, joy, death, "and selected for a pu6lic' refiding at 'which borrowed the techniquess. r. .,( ,,l..,.. "rj
redemldo~n, .,a poetry diyotced the Sorbonne in 193f. From us of vengeful laughter from the co- ,...'. .
Fronc."the ica, ete ofe the-French request a poetry medics of Aristophanes. This
French'. drowhich does not resemble their work, .es cacos. en kh"k','CAME rn'vrR ':' i'M.':4'.
enM khaI'* CCAMEL wriB'JE. ', :' r -
' ten in 0)r own, an autonomous- poetry drew great... number" of people cSoyed & LMa "Z, .. ,
=by' Je.u.W;ajfeu h ;- which, while, keeping; the harmo- from all-over Haiti to Port-at- EF oy the,'se.of\CameIS Filter* "- F,( 'SaAni....
fmous..p & C nthbo.4' '&- xiles of the language, can over- Prince, bringing to its author The Cigarette, of Smart Keen Fit ForA Si.g ;": "'' .
gre',t.. ,a e L6onwhelm wit a soft-bf charmed Alphdrnse Henriquez6 not only . .. ...' '. J f1*etoo ,,'r4
taidcono u senghpr ,.. .surprise through 'novelty, tone, fame but also a..prison sentenced D iS d La4l, Cig.9arotW1 aalu y
,s a i d ~ c o n ae d r i n g a 1 e o g
that 44.4n ka4:to qnpteri An expression of outraged : i SENSATON'. BAZAI. "" :,;, "- -'.
and sensation' ,. e- 77. .".' ....Mi~hb
Pefezed ibade .Iangri.-. As early as 1920 .the novel be- .nationalism, this epoch-makn Einle Me,--..,... 7, ...Rue .des. Mirmeles.. y... e,..-
tdonsand gan to flourish. 'Let us re~allplay, abounded in well turn- 3.-AiL LRY SOS,.RES if


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:"+.. Dear Future Seeker,
S It is often safer for the peace
V of mind not to know the future.
If God wanted us to know the
Future he would have arranged
for the histallation of a Ulittle fun-
ture forecasting radar set in our
D e mixture of grey matter. Most
of te frtn-teer are fakes.
Dear Mary Dooode, In the ase of gypsies, it's a tech
'./)'Deat Mry.oogode, ;nique' handpdc down for genera-
.1 , read 'In .the Su-n> last week n; n ad oaf eea
t.hat h at and b wee tons. They. earn to appraise a
a'oi wa s in-tw-ndb
iqend, t e'ia of yotr reporter, person an first glamme and it is
i .1MMe and k weed peaion from a single person.
j. M e Y palm..ainly be-
'fa, seele and trahiong and may do a better
O ni n foeeme ia jvoeb than -he ao mm ernshed s nd
i`.-yrea -dloa' have never been theou- teluer.,satin wagn. woes,
gi:kan, tebl ',nese t e e it, ou I ts better not to kno i the tu-
.a bou tare. Whatever they tell you
niy. future 16e life and matrimo- iibetsninneym lr
'ii future, as I paid .money to actions nlay aee your ta re
'tsar this I wander whether the aOUi0n. Play safe, stay away
oludgyipy- was honest or just frolm fortunetellers
;-tys 92`ud-. -____________Tegp
that Vouldiaarry this

,-n T tse likely F RENT AND, SALE
vie an thyea~r~ Furnished house and Car, 3.
q s oat f:inohed. rooms, 2 baths constant hot wa-
V fko"'t wMther athou- ter, luxury station wagon. Two
we' .telU fortunes but do you months or longer to responsible
i .l should consutlt another IOersons only. Apply, Hogarth
; etle? ". Travel Service, Rue. du Fort Per

;'(Kf The ocidi trafltaiB of'Hfdglub for the Swii hBrnadcading Sen ice)


,'"* ; ."i\\^ H i ' "/ . '
!& :. .'" ''Wi. .*f L : *; ** *," *'* **"' -A- BA '*.' f _______________' ' -c

^ r ^l ____ PARIS ___ (
.. ,
f A. 0. Ara.,,d* *


N, ,.-., Ro
"-- ShortageMr



Ru dSON BAZAR Emile Maximilien 77
.1Rue des Mirfales 2--MAGASINS DE L'ETAT
: 'i ..


(Continued 'from page 13)
thbe poet Charles Moravia: L'a-' (19411 and Epaule d'ombrei (1945))
ien & a MarseiLlaise by Jean .tries with an uneasy modernism
Brierre; Dominique Hippblyte's to anchor a sharp and desperate
satirical comedy Le format, ban-. universal conscience; and CIl-
ned by the- occupation authori-' ment MLagloire St. Aude, last of
ties; Le faiscea, a patriotic play a long line of povtes maudits,
by St+phe-i Alexis; and Le tor- whose surrealistic withdrawal
rent by Placide David and Do- from his fellows as shown in
minique Hippolyte. The last two Dialogue de me s amspes (1943)
works were honored, 'respective- is a moving and modest attempt
ly, by the Prix du Corps Legis-. to break away from time and
litif and by the President of his irreconcilable enemy, life.
Haiti. This entire ostentatious cons-
Whenever a nation suffers a tellation of .orrowful poets has
great defeat, its Jintellectuabs frankly broken with traditional
delve into its past- history'" iz., versification, which appears to
the hope of finding the cause of 'then. to be an instrument with
the misfortune, a remedy for a far .too limited keyboard. It is
the suffering it brought, or con- the opinion of Jean-Paul Sartre
solutionn for shattered national that, together with the French
'pride. Thus, the period of occu- Negro poets, Aime Cesaire, G.
pation produced quite a few his- Damas, Paul Jiger and Sddar
torical works. Among the most Sehighor. they constitute the
significant were H. P. Sannon's 'sole representatives'of great and
monumental Toussaint Louvertit- revolutionary poetry in this cen-
re and Colonel Nemours's se- tfiury.
ries of definitive historical mo- .T"his article would be incom-
nographs, L'histoire militaire de ptete"' without some mention of
la Guerre' de 'lInthpendance. a highly significant date in re-
Placide David offered -sharply cent lfaitian history: January,
etched likenesses of.certain dis-. 1946.In his Pages de littatnre
quieting figures of the eoloial haitienne (1951), Professor Pra-
era, which were bound'in' onre del Pomnpilus.has" this to say
volume under the title Sur les. about it: eTbe revolutionary mo-
rives du passe. His socio-psycho. vement of 1944; by releasing long
logical masterwork,;L'he'ritag6& pent-up feelings, gave rise to the
oolohlal, 'is 'almost completed and awakerning of social conscience,
its .publicdtion'wiil no doubt.be all of which had vigorous reper-
an event of', -great importance, cushion' in poetry .and art. The
Antoine' Michel gave juzs La mIs. bards pf the revolution sounded
sion 'du general Bedouvilte a many .'ail, some of which were
Saint'Dromlngue'and the.-fd6-vo- inflanimttory (Messa. tde
lume' work La' XIV"'Lgisaj i+FFiack Fotohe, Gerbes de sang, i
Abel N. Ldger's L'4ai stir le and 'Etuceltes by Wen6 'Despes-,
.ouvernement de .Z'ein tvxr ei' We. most;-br il4ant and proll-
Soulouque will remain not "only "'i,,poet I.f th.4ast generation) I
a good work but a good 'deed.' ls thetayP1lsit'tve the' cir-
DahtsS Bellegarde i.hs, mad&.-se-. rumstances which -favored fMs i
veral contributions of,.; ., atler' outbt'st. .'.egnds iotr,, social
subjectivee' nature:. Pour e .. s u e i't -: s. W .- ,. :',
ti hiuiSe (I29),' La rsistaM In sumfmpw,'.W can aay that
hatelnae, (,1937), ,4 Natiop tdated'oat 9.cademc' bormalism
Ialtenne (1938) Haiti'-et -e pro- bhasbeen-. trej! d" in HaUti in fa-
bleIes (1943), abd. Histoir .dati vaor d"a'. li itera1tze which
pu tple hait-n (1983). -Stephen: hi somthin, tp say. andjis not
Alexis's 'BckLib 'bItor: appear? .merely a retas': *We brtnd as'
e 'first in Englishl-(1047).'; a failure ahy art form w.icih does
Toward lB34,;:.fodloid'g. n"ie .t ot-'tb'rd tdwary the retjde9nent
steps -f the Rpvue Indjgene and of tlibe. i dual 'ahdt the nktion-
Los Griots groups, the adberents consciencee. T'us, art for. art's
of La Relive continued' erithu sake Seems vain "a6d useless. Thie
siastically to pow the.,' 1tflow& bjok oif. irtPir be4']1e of $pga-
which '. the .fo:her gripss ".tad, r '. t,'i ..tconUtie A do.
begun. In the ipt rai s of'the cumei.', a pledge, a declaration
youthful' avant'garde mpvmen 4 .rdhctPles' and eoAvictions
were found. 5fahn' ouchaMd,-Jae.'withtrega1i to problems 6f life
ques Cbrhl6au ,Agtojne,:. ,,,'bA .n,;he desthf of- man, who is
Mathon, Edner' Bttu, *iak 'rily the-deadnpa:irof 11 things.
Condd, Rend Piquioni and Adrieni Several adverse factors (the
Douyon --ilecturers, essayists, undetde'velopment of our econo-
ah'd 'critics as well as excellent amy, a small1 reading public, ex-"
chroniclers. There were also' cessive' fishingng costs) have
Roussan Camille, morbid and 'dis seriously hampered the progress
quieting poet whose splendid, of H-aetian writing during: the
sense ofthe beauty and-4raedy past qjarte'centqty; eve"p` s9,.
of' life found its supreme ex- 'these. past twenty-five '"years
prpssion in the poems of L'assaut should be considered hs a period
& la nult (1942); M.;.F; Morisseau of gestation. Though we frantkly
Leroy whose Ls pAl6ltudes haidmit ,that "the greatest work's
(1944) .are. the most' beautiful are yet to come, we are by no,
poetic outcry yet heard in opr' means us'pleaseil with those
land; Regnord C. Bernard. who which have already appeared.'
in.- N&gre '1945) proudly affirnis Nbever hav literary works set
the ancient nobility, resentmraent, f"ttb..moiberious problems deal
and madness of his race; *Roland ing with- justice, labor, procedu-
Chassagne who reveals to us cer- res, human -solidarity and life;
tain sensations to hide his real never have 'they shown greaterI
feelings; Robert Latailaude power to stir the conscience.
whose heart-rending .poetry is' We may. say in conclusion that
almost a work of genius: Reh B Haitian thought in all its beau-
Bdlaice who ini his LtmWdif tiftfl disrder, appeal to be a 1

~ANA 8 It-,-NN.

6r eXQUI'SITE....

-*- Qualtjy.A^^sean TOdsn ae
G ERAND RUE ieK.sta)aw e Stbresn

Concrete Densifier 'give: '
esistance wvater-tigtftess
HIardnes ". I

., .". ..'... .
.......^ ....


If you want "me et
for your mbniay, us

B. F. Goodrick
Tlwy're mndo wl
- v-- ,s.- -...
ftr iftay *^*'Wl *
WILLIAM NA ,P'rtrau-Prine
Boucard & Cie., Jacmel
Raymond Laroche, Cap-Batier-
Maison Jean Bourgeois, Aux Ca-
Michel Desquiron, Sucessors,

huge .construction project where
ioor laborers, uncertain of their
rules, are building, with the help-
)f their gods, the temple? of a
downtrodden race whose mem-
bers seek to improve arcd streng-
hen themselves.

SUNDAY, SEPT. 2nd 1956



For the first time in cinema
histor:,- ain historical character
will be brought to the sound
screen directly from the scenes
of his greatness. This is the plan
of the U.S. Latin American
group that are doing the story
of the- Litf of the Liberator ac-
cording to Enrique Menendez,
editorial director of the group.
Senor Campos Menendez is leav-
ing :Caracas tonight for Panama
aftef.a meeting here with Lest-
er Cowan, American producer
heading up the enterprise. Mr.
Cowan returned to the States last
Wednesday after a week stay in

.Simion ialivar is a character
of such a span of greatness as
to transcend the ordinary com-
prehension of any Hollywood di-
rector. He ih-a personage of such
-Latinity that to bring him to the
screen today requires a penetra-
tion. of the Liberator's psychdlo-
gy through -the highest technic-
al skills of the art of motion pic-
ture-making. This picture Could
not be done in Hollywood. Hence
we have decided" to film it oh
the very sites of the historical
successes themselves
Senor' Campos is the author of
the book ?He Was Called Boli-
varn and' other. historical novels.
This will te used as the text of
the story which will .be filmed
here and in the other countries
of Latin American where Boll-
var fought and lived.
(Take Haiti for an examples
pointed out Historian Camipos,
I have just' .ome frbm 'there
after a l[gg series, of conferences
t 19 .;. ". .. .. .
with thej Haltiar Prlaside.t,' Ge-
neral. Paul fagioi.re.6wlo. has
shown' an intense interest in the
projeeL We" had sev ial m6eet-
ings with ', I-tian authors '. like
Danfa Bellekgarde who brought
in thf.'sp6ciftc po0its o Bolivar'.s
presence-.' .on Hifitiold. Gener-
.al %t(kJohe has' promised #s the
utmot in co-operation:.-the, re-
I' . A i ,. '. .


sources of Haiti's historical trea-
sures will be placed at our dis-
posal and in the re-enactment
of such scenes as the meetings
between Petion and Bolivar, we
will have -he assistance of all
personal and technical help.
The story is in its -mere re-
telling a remarkable one: after
the Letter of Jamaica. Bolivar
waited for offers of help from
other liberty-minded nations of
the New World. The only coun-
try at that time to come to his
assistance was Haiti and the on-
ly chief of State was Petion. He
issued a warm invitation to Bo-
livar to come to Port-au-Prince
and be his guest.
,It was'on a Christmas night
that Bolivar's little sloop enter-
ed the harbor of Los Cayos. The
town was tilled with merry-mak-
ers celebrating -the feast' of
Christmas with true Cre6le gay-
The meeting between Petion
and Bolivar was a -historic one
and in a gettingg that will be a
glittering feature of the picture.
The two embraced and Petion
brought thd e.Liberator to Port-au
Prince th next..day.
eBolivar needed men and he
needed shipi. Both Petion pro-
mised. In addition to the Haitian
soldiers hie gave Bolivar, there
were hundreds of refugees from
Spanish persecution on the little
islands who a so joined in the
new expedition. Petion" also gave'
Bolivar ten ships. And then said
Petion to thle'hero: oli am going
to give you my Most precious
gift: and lihe handed over to Po-
livar one of the rare printing
presses available on American

iHowever Pction attached one
condition: Ihat was that Bolivar
free the slaves of Venezuela or
of Nueva Granada. This, Bolivar
did as soon as he had touched.
Venezuelan soil and had once
again driven the Spanish forces



An OAS project 39 rural So-
ciology course directed by noted
sociologist Professpr Roy A. Clif-
ford, ope.is in San Jose, Costa Ri-
ca cin September 27th. This north
ern zone course is designed for
the teclhnical personnel of the a-
gricultural education programme
of Haiti, CostaRica, Cuba, El Sal-
vador, United States (Puerto Ri-
co), Guatemala, Honduras, Mexi-
co, Nicaragua, Pa.-nama and the
Dominican Republic.
The 4-week course, which will
include lectures followed by dis-
cussic*s and visits to rural Cos-
ta Rican communities, aims at
broaden'.ng the technical knowled
ge of agronomists. The agenda .in
eludes < The -Dynamism of hume.-i
relations, eThe Nature of Social

Campos .Menendez will be re-
turning to Caracas within a fdrt-
night and will be joined here At
that time by Mr. Cowan.
(From the Caracas ((DaUy Jour-
nat) .




Units,. Practical methods of Re-
search, vcA programme of a.-
tic.-i and the eDuty of Agricultu-
ral Specialist in the rural commu-

-Project 39s is part of a technical
co-operaticoi programme directed "
by the Organisation of American '
States, aimed at improvikig rural I -
life in the Americas by teaching
agricultural techniques. The pro-.
ject has been entrusted to a sl
cial organisation-the Institute-of =
Agricultural Sciences-with head -,.
quarters in San Jose and regional ,
offices in Havana, Lima end Mdn-

Professor Cliffotd will be assis- .l .'
ted by a sound panel of profes- '
sors including Drs Olen"E. Leo& '
,nard, Lynn Smith of the Universi-
ty of Florida, J. 0. Morales of the e -
Inter American, Institute of Agri- LES' ltE-.'.AlQ
cultural Science, Alvaro Chipar- NAV.NES :
ro, n-Igineer Francisco Toro Cal-
der, Dr Salmila of thp FAO and O U
ICA sociologist Manuel A. Men-1 lM !
talvo. PLACE -GBFFRA'tRD .' "%
q ,,* .'i

Les centaines de rainures qui foment la
bande de roulement large et moderne, que
vous offre seulement le pueu ATLAS,
adherent fermement la imroute s.che ou
humide, agissent comma de .puissants
antiddrapants qui garantissent des arr6ts
sars at instantan6s.

SSOVos trouvcnz pdqidehumdpdo$usa tStmibiidoflWteEmS

1 ';

YE! 4AOt ,It/e a First Again!
,.. ., THE NEW-Iy L
? ... r.."w'- D< ""U'J: L


The onliy x Iounge .. "
It's for both Rst a nd
. ,tercunse

1 *P I*amh l-oe ovn l n ml ll ^.
No "JrZ4478I '

> ~~~~casotb ab, 'oyu hl oy ihu an
ONLY, .--e e dlmar chair

InS hut.!c'gS' aainta eiv!bd e-'> 1 s ^,
$`37,-- It's a f4i1.ears

In,b r~o el li *n n osrcin.ebte l T
Ch bicI of C" 4 1.n lil

SIt' a r a-dtell- I o e onrc lpe -
SEbething on the Rn Loung is of-
o foeet llrt swinmnng in a po ol..
The perfectly W~lonced action per-
mits all- 1 "r movement and mild
dttch;ng sxrcises that rt-vito:-
; v ou hcol body without strain.
T=lt'ented moi:lanicall action
muclrtone-upan re

onthpat relieves bod y toae. I
.nWeighs nd consrtly 21 pounds effortlessly
Come ody oand se if de.Youartd Pcontinuou re- ts.
vitalizing action l'. yaou olays
~feel ,ecurely support .
It's as portable end com-
pact as your card tahL

v Weighs only 21 pounds
Como In today and sN It demonstrate- P h@"9m mw41 ,
a,,#*/Ie l e i* As'

tia. /fAqerapkflcde


Graduate Of Poro School i
Returns tomee

tladys Valm4, graduate of the
World famed Poro School. of
New York returned home last
Tuesday (21st) to open a beauty'
parlor at'the corner of Avenue.:.-,
Christophe' and Rue 2.

Theatre Company Hopes To Bring

K Shakespeare Tb Port au Prince

Miss Cjrole M. Philips 'of the
Ctern aLonal Theatre Company

Sl dBes everything g tfrom
:io.e atta herete, C a r o I e
i .l4 known in New
S'tap a aIn actress, direct t-r
(I.ai producer, said that her
o:iUr Is intth o ested in set,

S ing out theo dramatic biltes of
.:nting thertroop Ie Iets En-
wl ge Tepon ry in the
Countries of this area,
oa -that results thare mar-
Akalteaubiels iantbse iner set-ro eoelai frte nx

pa tPuerto Ricao where threug
SL ady, Dona Ins Is their
langaThe Dominiran Repu Miss Philips Stopped at the
stopI counrs of tis aen d
resut are sar

!btolqllng the group.
present, Miss Philips in- Miss 'Philips said that she hop-
s,. the Company Is in ed to.see Haiti's First Lady, Ma-
bay, India. There theyfound dame Paul, E. Magloire
'a;patno, in-the Rajah of Rahk- while \here, but owing 'to the
uan. In fact they are meet- shortness of her stay, and the
wg.,:h great success in all fact that the Presidential family
14ftts. of the world. i's summerin at La Boule, it
i $i'additlon to dramatic shows, was diffi6lt to -arrange. She
V .-sp .Philips explained, that her plans to write to Madame MA-
.'crpany -also represents the at- gloire, she. adde&
? ,'.di:eMuriel Mahn, opera star of Before leaving -for the nex-t
;en. tSalomi* and .Tu- leg of her trip whiad would take
't 4-ist's a Ranbow.' her to Kingston, Jamaica 6n

HAITI SUN ________SUNDAY_ SEPT._ 2nd 156

y'*t;..,i .. M
|; :1-

- 4,
t; "^!i .: n

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E.... ,
I-. /- -.

i ** ; **,
g;..:', .

" .'

>il "' ....

The Health Center Mattre is a fine, firm mattress... that' firmer in the
CENTER whereyow- weight lies. No sagging bark. But no nagging neck, either. Or
wriduka in jour mornubig legs. This mattre-s rela.vcs, just enough, where your head and feet
upend the night. Such blissful support! You'll sleep more restfully, and awaken more
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g Air's Matching Box Spring, too, features this new Health Center construction
t no extra comt. .
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Chamber Of Commerce Bldg.

Sunday morning, Miss Philips
who won success in her roles as
Anne Bolyn in-gAnne of A Thou-
sand Day, and as Mrs. Danvers
in cRebecca, and cJudiith of
Hay Fever, expressed her hope
that. her company could soon be
presented in Haiti.

Stressing the fact that the In-
ternational Theatre Company
formed 21 years ago by Geoffrey

Kendal is not mainly a commer-
cial company, but is dedicated to
furthering the cultural and edu-
cational aspects of the areas in
which they play, Miss Philips
said: eThe Company is most an-
xious to play in Haiti as feel it
would be an excellent means of
further cementing Haitian-Ame-
rican cultural relations through
entertainment one of the most
responsive medias.


NI G 11 T- C L U B
WtOpen Nightly
With Best Band In the Land
Reduced Drink Prices


' a*nd other papVtrbra

Emile Maximilien 77

Rue des Miracles,

tM ?4.d&!,tm%



The French governmen.- has
approved the award oi schol-
arships for the academic year
'56-'57 to the following Haitian
students who -will do specialist
courses in France starting in
September: Mr Ernest Ben-
homme Civil Engineering,.
Miss Jacqueline Jospitre So-
cial Assistance, Miss Lydie Le--
long Education, -Mr. Gerard Lei-
seau International Law, Mr
Claude Michel Agronomy, Mr,_
Louis Pelissier Architecture,
Dr.' Claude Sansaricq Child
Diseases, Mr. Gerard Smith -
Art (Lett res):

New Dispensing.,Hospitas
Will Start Working
In October

BPegijnning Octoper. 1st the new
30 bed dispensing hospitals ait-
Grande Riviere du Nord and Gros
Morne will start functioning The-
Public Health Department wlr
soon appoint the technical and do.
mestic persor-,el which will inchlu-.
de 2 doctors for each of these bos
pitals. .

ire Destroys '
F-ire s s' -

Plantations, Houses "
Jacques Jean's Chevalrie (Bas-
se Plaine, Limcqade) sisal plaita-
tion was ruined by fire last week.
Damages are estimated at $ 1,-*..
There was a,$2,000 damages as
fire ravaged.'the SHADA Plaine'
du Nord plantation- Sevtal ac-,
res of sugar cane were destroyed
.i Quartler-Morin as fire swept:
the fields of Helvtius Cheren-
fant, Deilus Michaud, Christian
Regis, M. AchiUlle and Andre Mol-
lin. In Jacmel Mr# Leon Thebaud,
was'.more fortiuiate as the fire
whjcb broke-out-in her residence
was extinguished ri a few iinu-

Foreign Office Notice

The Department of Ftreip
Affairs has the please t.. a -
vice those who 'arei'.jGIAeI'.
that according'to an iizaIm
received at the Chanc*leiY ,f'a
-Mr. Luclen Th. Lafontat, COt-
su! General of Haiti ," Teras
(Beiglque), the -Consulate's bu-
rean is now housed at the fobiw
nlag address:
16-18 Jessustraat
'he teleplione numbe r i
33.43.53 "' '
Portau-Prince Angst 22a


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TROIS GRANDS SHOWS We have spoken of thi
Salesman, and we ha
A MINUIT that his task was far fri
the'most agreable. He
DV SAMEDI lei SEPTEMBRE AU incontestably, his breach
VEiNDREDI 7 SEPTEMBRE 1958 sweat of his brow. But t
VEDREDI 79also a type of csalesmar
(unlicensed salesman)
,LOS CASANOVAS, ched on the sidewalks c
tomobile agencies hoot
whom 4he believed to
Deiax fitmeux comiques Mscu
Dex fa Ux omiques Musicaux buyers, and imposed
Espagnpis upon their passage as

$1.00 -




inued from page 6)

e licensed
yre seen s
om being (
earned, i
I by the
there was
who crou- I
if the au-
king all i
fe future I
a guide. i
fhk n.n- I

r LUll LJi1 mIJUJLo eIIL UIIn, LLC CiIC- c
man-marron didn't let his prey
take a step without him. And if
ever his victim did business
with the firm, he had the nerve
to claim his commission.4 We
have known some who pushed
their temerity so far as to take
legal steps against a crecalcit
trant-b (stubborn) patron.

At a certain period a depres-
sion was produced in' the auto-
mobile 'business, and sales be-
came so rare that several agen-
cies had to shut dbwn.tThe eco-
nomic situation at the time was
surely responsible; but, it is
quite possible that the growing
number of automobile carcasses
which were scattered about our
eddplorable routes Cdeplorable
roads) contributed to this state
of things, by discouraging the
customers. It must be remem-
bered that at that time our pro-
vincial towns were flourishing,
and trips back and forth -bet-
ween them and the Capital was
considerable. Not too honest
salesmen were kndwn to resort
to allkinds of tricks .to close a
deai: and collect a commisibn.
One of themost in use. consist-
eed of finding a fictious customer
to .whom the salesman would
advaae .the .initial payment, and
once the notes and contract were
signed this ephemeral individual
dsappearpd as if by magic. Aft-
et that the sole recourse left to
the K.agency was to seize an old
carcass which .did not represent
,the amount of commission paid
to the, salesman. Needless to say
tstocking those old cars under

parallel conditions caused con. i
siderable. harm to the agen. a
cies, in the end. At a certain time iL
this situation together with the q
difficulty of collecting payment. b
on the notes covering numerous v
sales on the instalment plan s
Finished by blocking operations r
For several firms which were t
Forced out of -business. A lack of t
loyalty and harmony among the t
salesmen also was to be deplor- 1
ed. They spied on each to steal 'r
customers, and never lost and i
opportunity to blacken the re-
putation of their colleagues. Of- i
ten an exchange of hard words i
degenerated into a fight and f
even bloodshed. Uncaring of the i
harm he was doing to the firm I
for which he worked, or simply
to take out vengeance on. a fel-
low worker, a salesman, without
the least scruple would spoil a
sale and if necessary he-would
give it to a competitor. The sales
man also considerably abused
with e demonstrations. More
often as not he used' it as a pre-
text to flaunt and strut himself
in the car day and night. It is
true that in our day this has
not. changed much. When these
long randonn6es terminate
without accident, it is only half
bad; but, unfortunately, the 'pa-
tron usually knows nothing of
the salesman's escapade- until
after a regrettable accident.
Happily, the salesman has
made much progress. However,
hangs on to certain things which
appear to be Jnborn to the trade.
He cavnok.stop himself, from
.exaggeratingp' the. facts, of lying
with such" assiduity nd such
boldness. th&t you are- obliged, to
believe him. .
The obvious fact is that hav-
ing becomnie patron, the old sales.
-man still continues to lie not on-
ly to others but often evefi to
himself. We have 'seen and heard
a patron (former salesman) -
describe during an hour for his
amazed customer the fanta-r
,tic electronic previews 'with
which a new cur model is endow-
ed. With customer gone, he will'

,I~- *I~

pend three days looking and
having the others look for the
ircular letter in which he had
ead this announcement.
The fourth day he recalled
hat it was he himself who had
wnvented all this stuff he was
selling the customer... We are'
iving in the age of teehnique*
nd the revolution taking place
n industry and commerce re-
quires that the salesman have a
better preparation. In general,
we notice with sadness that his
cant technical knowledge does
iot allow him to clearly expose
he economical and other advan-
ages of the article he is offering
ao the public. In fact, It is no
longer a question ,of selling a
iew product,, but above all it
s 'the selling of a new technique.
If a certain technical know-
ledge is necessary to the sales-
man, it is also very important
orpr him to' be correctly dressed,
and to have good manners. A
good, education and versatile
knowledge allowing him to con-
verse easily with the customer
is also important.
All in all, let us say that a
good salesman is one who has
received good training, and who
also has experience. He must
learn to distinguish the different
types of customers with whom
he is dealing in order to handle.
each of them suitably. This is
important in avoiding those ridi-
culous declarations and asser-
tions ofttn used by patron and.
salesman In the presence of peo-
pie who are well above such
talk. "

In ednelusion, let us say 'tit
the knowledge we have. just enq-
merated can ever be' replaced
by offers of cigars to the cms-
tomer while telling him insipid
tales at which he laughs just
to be polite. They cannot be ,re.-,
placed either by th'eis stupid
ooltoquess (coitoqide) Ohqlf
end by -tpping thetbuyer kindly
on thie shoulder and murmuring
distroetly. uTi-fre icloaI lacatiWt
ou falt. q on v.'(Little bro-.
ther here. you are at home .- o i '
what you please). What's the
use, the customer knows it is
not true, and the salesman also,..
in fact:; It'is '4trnly a -case of:
aeihatte cpnn6 ratte eon.6.ffhe,.
cat-'knows the rat knows).%,.'
(Translated from the Ftrench
(Q0ptlique No. 29 JO.y 1956)

i *.' ;' '



de Renommi&e Mondiale




: .... ... ' PAGE IS




:. Haiti is once more under the
.., speli'of Judy Boss and her moth-
r.-. Miriam. The Viyacious Judy
who, Is a professor of English lit-
?erattire (speciality drama) at
k, Brooklyn College is. showing off
-.the IslAnd to fellow-professor Sha-
:.'.A Lanman who squeezes art into
the: t1#1 boggins of Winthrop Ju-
I dr High. Their itinerary includes
t Ahe kidnapping of 039 baby-play-
I'..t.ight, Mrisseau Leroy, and the
en: eaing of uTonton Macouteo. The
''. three-some *ill. be honored at The
.'tre d'Haiti with a special festival
today. Monday travel to, Jacmel,
-and Tuesday will climax activities
M.with a. grand bamboebe to honor
S'th bilrthday of literary Judy.
S'.Announcement of the coming
marriage of Miss Liesel Madsen
tand Per Preetzmann-Aggerholm
hwas made this week.' They will be
i. '.wed on Thirsday, September '6th,
at 6i30 P.M. in the residence of
,Mr, andu i s,'Carl Madsen at Pa-
0L ot
Ec^ *''Howa&d A. Weiss, Attorney-at-
: aw^ atfe this attractive wife Joan
|b41 rbjVe%'o-cptivated the crazy Capita-
I with their crand manner.
"'Thursday evening, ElP Rancho was
'..bathed in champagne from the
,-.*birthday table of Joan who presi-

Sded in queenly manner over the
'invites'. With a backdrop of gift
flowers from admirers, the cele-
brants included Ro b e r t T.
Whitaker, Associate Director, Wes-
tern Hemisphere Promotion of the
New York Times, who also obser-
ved the anniversary of his day of
The Weiss regretfully returned
to Miami, Fla. this week.
President of the Senate and Ma-
dame Charles Fombrun are expec-
ted to fly to the States this week-
Kanta Dadlani and his sister re-
turned to school in Kingston to-
Richard Drouin is returning
next week to continue his studies
in the U.S.,
Gladys ( Ddjoie returned from
New York Wednesday.
Colette and Louise Lesninasse
flew to New York Wednesday.
Hela Madsen is home from his
vacation in Europe.
Roger Jarman and his family
flew on ,to the U.S. Wednesday aft-
er a, brief visit with their many
friends of twelve years standing
-in Port au Prince. Roger received
a warm ovation at the Club Inter-
national de Commercte luncheon

Wednesday. He was the founding
president of the CIC. The boys
went out to Mahotieres to visit
their friends and almost accepted'
an invitation to stay on in a -ti-I
caille. in preference to atLendng
school in the States.
Bishop Alfred Voegeli flew to
C. T. Friday.
Evelyne Eisen has returned to
New York ending a toe month va-
cation here.
Rena Benjamin, Madeleine Gar-
diner and Ernst Cineas flew to
Berlin last week by CDA.
La Famille Tardieu and Martha
Consolat flew to Switzerland last
week by CDA.
Ruth Klebanon and Sylvia Glas-
ser and sons Kenneth, Mickey and
Mike with heavy hearts' and swol-
len 'd'leau- filled eyes end their
six weeks vacation at Hotel Chou-
cotmne and clipper home to New
York today.
Cedoine Jeannis, Professor of
Social Science at Lycde Petion,
leaves shortly for London for spe-
cial studies on the problems of
economic development. He will
attend Oxford University.
Professor Jeannis holds a Mast-
ers degree from Fisk University,
and has already had excellent trai-
ning in Statistics and Economic
Gerda Kolbjornsen, the tall, beau-
tiful aCrnival Queen who repre-
sented Haiti to advantage in Colom
bia this year, is engaged to hand-
some moustachioed Serge Breton.
Philippe Paul Verna, infant son
of the First Secretary of the Hai-
tian EmbassM in Ciudad Trujillo
and Mrs. Paul Verna will arrive
with his parents for his christen-
ing ceremony at Sacred-Heart
Church, on September 4th. Philip-
pe who was born in the neighbor-








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ing Republic will be held at 'the Mgr. Remy Augustit, oert-au-
baptismal font by godmother Car- Prince's auxilliary bishop accom-
men (Mlaxi Reiher. His godfather panied by young deacon t.Abb61
is Gustave Borno. Aymond Cesar vacationB this.
SINGER FASHION DESI- years 1250 meters up in ti', Ar-
GNER LEAVES cahaie mountains at Fon-cl., Bap-
Miss Giannina Romola Cascio- tiste.
li, lovely dark-haired singer and Of the 204 passengers travelling.
fashion designer from Millwood, on the Panama Liner's SS. 'Pana-
N.Y. who has captivated the ma' from New York arriving at
best audiences in France, Italy, here at 7:00 A.M., the following
Germany and Switzerland and eight passengers will disembark
has been praised by European at Port au Prince: Mrs'. Anna Bois-
music critics ended her second vert, Miss Marie Jose Damas, Ka-
yacation in Haiti last week. She lim G. Hag, Miss Betsy Hesitt,
plans to return in November to Miss Susan MangonbM Rev. and
teach Haitian young ladies fas- Mrs. Ralph Odman, Miss Evelyn.
hion designing. Scott.

- ... ,. ... ..- ,.
. *. ** "/ : "" * ".." i*"- :. **" ^ S ^ p
'. - *-" **'. .* ;*'

SUNDAY, SEPT. 2nd 1956


Mr. and Mrs. Lionel d'Adesky A cable from New York this
observed their cotton wedding an- past week announced the.engage-
niversary with a lively party last ment of Mademoiselle Paulette
Sunday, in Kenscoff. Goldenberg to Dr. Lednard Teten-
'Marie-Florence Roy and friends baum of New York.
gave a party in the pink Roy house
in. Kenscoff, Sunday Today, Nerner and Ghislaine La-
Marie-Tlftrse Duquella of the hens depart for a 20-day visit in
Jeremie Duquellas is leaving to- the democratic Capital of the Uni-
.morrow to .continue her studies at ted States, Washington D.C. Their
the Aeademy of the Assumption in departure and Ghislaine's birthday
Miami. Marie-Therese formerly at- were, celebrated on the town last
tended Lalue's St. Rose de Lima. evening.
Doddy. Wiener is recovering at
Asile Frangais from a fall in the Photographer Cleveland Bryan
.mountains surrounding Petit-Gof- wed Jacqueline Ogarro at St. Tri-
ve last Wednesday. Inspecting the nity Episcopal Church, last Satur-
coffee crop, Mr. Wiener's horse day. Cleveland is now -offering a
.slipped and fell while descending fine 12-hour service to night club
the mountain. The horse fell on and hotel patrons.
.it's rider and broke his right arm.
'Tie arm. is broken in four places Nasser Halloum and his wife
between the shoulder and elbow, are moving to Canap6 Vert, Villa
Bearded artist, Phil Sterne ans- Bel Horizon.
wered the call or the Cuban dan- Daughtqr and niece of the Ve-
cer at Smoky Joe's one night last nezuelan Ambassador, Monica and
week and did the bumps and Caridad end their stay in port
grinds with artistic fervor. He is bientot and return to Caracas.
-staying at the Hotel Plaza wih Tamara George returned to
hiMa wife. Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, re-
A Requiem Mass to the memory gretfully with Otars in her eyes
'of the late Madame Christian Fou- Wednesday. She was staying here
.gre-St. Cyr marked the first ah- as a guest of the Rizk family.
nitersary .of her death, yesterday, Buffy McNeil, daughter of the
,Sepetember 1lst, at Sacred-Heart battery man is rcovering from an
Church. At the same time, masses appendectmy performed at' St.
were said iq Kingston and New Francois de Sales.
York requested by Consul Reynold -
,-St. Cyr. and Mdnique St. Cyi. A The twins Marlene and Carlene,
large group of friends attended Tooley have entered Miami Uni-
the 0.:30 'eeremony- held here on versity.
the request of the family atAve. Lionel Paquin, accompanied by
,Christophe. his wife, is on a business trip to
Hungarian-American John Hall, Europe.
:foudmer movie producer, in Ameri-
-ca and. Germany w h hasnow re- Mrs. Alfred Vieux and Mrs.
tired.ih"'Rio,' spent a week here at Jean Fouchard are visiting France
'ChOcOune. Mr. Hall who served aild Switzerlatd. They flew abroad
with; the O.S.S. during .the war last Monday.
holds the Chevalier; de la Legion Bill Vrooman returned to his
d'Hoznneur decoration. International Club at Thorland
Ir.,.Verne Chanby is the newest early this Week from two months
;addition 1iq the staff of the Albert of tourist promotion work in New
:Schweitzer Hospital. The young York and Florida.
:surgeon trom Sanita Barbara, Cal. Axel Madsen returned this week
.replaces Dr. Chandler who has re- from visiting New York and Mem-
turned to the U.S. phis. He was given a warm wel-
Nicole Bissainthe, lovely daugh- come back by a sector of the Ita-
ter 'of the National Librarian and lian Colony.
well-known author Max Bissainthe, Mr. Yvan Horelle Montas and
wed Lucky Polynice, Thursday at Miss Jeannine Dore were married
the Eglise St. Pierre in Petibnville. in St. Gerard Church yesterday.
Mademoiselle Bissainthe- .looked Miss Guida Hector flew to Ca--
elegant in 'a .gown of embroidered nada on Tuesday to specialise in
tplle, expeirtly fashioned by Mrs. Bacteriology.
Mtax Bissainthe. MAx is reported
to be taking a correspondence Miss Virginia E. Cavanaugh Mel
course from Chicago on l'art d'd- drum & Fewsmith Inc. Adyertiz-
tre grand-pkre. ing Agent ended her .two day vi-
Mis Mazte-Franqoise Sterlin of sit to Port au prince last Sunday
Shell' Company observed her 22nd and continued her Caribbean tour
birthday, September 1st. by flying to Ciudad Trujillo. The
p Cleveland publicity firm's charm-
ing representative was shown ar-
S ound Port au Prince by Seiberling
\ ll/ products agent Mr. Guy Barreyre.
SMiss Lucienne Romain flew to
N M \ Caracas last Tuesday on a short
visit to Venezuela.
Mr. Max Bouchereau, former
S Haitian Consul in Hambourg flew
!o Europe on Thursday at the in-

vitation of the 'Ubersee Kaffee,
to open the Haitian stand at the
International Fair to be held at
Hambourg from August 30th to
September the 5th.
Lt. Alix Pasquet returned to
Haiti last Sunday from a special
mission in Jamaica.

Cuban Embassy official Rafael
Morales returned to his post here
in Port au Prince last Stnday.
Mr. Ramon Alvarez Silva, direc-
to of 'El Heraldo de Haiti' ma-
gazine arrived in Port au Prince
last Sundgy in search of material.
The festive season marched ap-
ace Wednesday night when Carl
Behrmann spacious La Boule re-
sidence was the scene of healthy
merry-making. Over 100 of Port
au Prince best looking youngsters
danced to the music of a local
band, ate a wide choice of'tasty
food and drank good liquor. Val-
liant Carl recovering from his re-
cent accident was at his hospital
best, in this fete thrown for his
son Franz who will soon be retur-
ning, to his studies in Canada.
Charming Miss Raymonde Oliga-
rio will soon break her close iup
10 years efficient service as sd-
cretary-nurse at Dr. Louis Hyppol
lite's Clinic to study English and
widen her knowledge in the medi-.
cal field in New York.

Mr. Ian, Gileadi, Director of the
Haitian Government's 'Tourist Bu
reau, in Miami arrived in Tort au
Prince on Monday to spend a few
days vacation.
Mr. Edmond Celcis has been ap-
pointed Mayor of Port au Prince
by the President of the Republic
to replace Dr. Nelaton Camille
who has been nominated Secreja-
ry of State for Education.

The CQmmittee preparing -the
Jubilee of Dr. Price Mars is hard
at work. Mr.' Henock Trouillot is
preparing a special issue of the
-Revue d'Histoire, de Geographie
et de Geologie* which will present
'Dr. Price Majs, the critic, equce-
tor, ethnologist, and hisotrian.
and a very rich bibliography on
this learned ma.'Several Haitian
and foreign writers are collaborat-
ing in a book to be dedicated to
him, and Mr. Trnuiilot's lecture
delivered at the Theatre d'Haiti
on July 1st will soon be printed
.under the title: 'Colored Iitellec-
tuals and the Problems- of 'Civili-

Miss Adeline Gautnier' sailed
for the' U.S. aboard the aCristo-
hals. She will itudy biochemistry,
serology and bacteriology at Green
ville. University, Illinois.
Miss Martha Loren. of Hemps-
tead, Long Island was winner .f
Au Chanteclairs's 'third uiz c;on-.
test. She comifented that shq, had
*long been. -an adm4r of Aepop:
Upon leaving Haiti last Wedhe.
day, Martha 'and 'her party 'whice.
included her sister Erne, and 'a
friend Miss Beryl Schuttler, decla
ed they'd be back next year, and
followed up with a cable to the
Griswolds on reaching home: 'Ar-
rived safe, mais triste.'-
Thursday morning Miss Nicole
Pierre Louis flew to Canada via
Kingston,, Jamaica. Before going
to 'the Nursing School of St. Jo-
seph Hospital in Trois-Rivires P.
Q. she will.spend a few days in
Kingston with her siter ireille.
Miss Pierre Louis is graduate of
the Port au Prnce Nursing School
and worked for a while at the St.
Francois of Sales Hospital.


R7Z 7PRDE MARK iTaimous since

Mr. Arthur Vincent, Residept
Manager, Riviera Hotel, -illgo
into Miami on Friday, Aug: 31, to
meet his wife, Eggie, for a short
vacation. Egge has been in Maine
visiting her mother the past couple
of weeks. Both Eggie &-Vin will
return the first of next week.
Skipper & Lilly Moody (Moody
of Coinminar) will Celebrate. their
wedding anniversary (35th) in
Miami on Friday, Aug. 31.

Enid Mosier'., & her steel band
boys' will returned to N.Y. on
Friday, Aug. 31; after her long en-
gagemenrat the Riviera..The group
will be at the Vanguard afiler .Sept.
1, and will I-do a TV show on'Sept.
3. 'PAP and the Riviera wilmiqs
seeing this group around.a. they
had become 'part of (he familyy.,
, Mr. Walter Rice, Presideint of
Reynolds Mining Co., is stopping
at the Rivibra Hotel, while in PAP
Qn business. Along with -Mr. J.ek
,Ryan, (in.' charge of .Reynolds- Mi-
ning in Haiti) Mr. Rice -made an
inspection of the bauxite .Mining
at Miragoane' on T-hursday. He will'
leave Sunday, to continue op with
"an extended inspection trip of
e ly'nolds itereats.
R.. Paul .We.eier, Riivera Hotel
owner, is expected in PAP next
week. "
I Helen Auble, editor of Caribbe-
an Vacationland, is stopping at
the Riviera Hotel for a brief stay.
The Salesian 'Fathers are spon-
soring a Charity Fair in Petion-
Ville's St. Dominic .Savio's School
'for' the benefit of their;Misgion.
A Women's Committee to organise
the Fair will b4 formed at a spe-
cial'meetipg tomorrow afternoon
at 5:00 oflock in the Salesidn Fa-
thers reidence in P6tionville. Re.

vereud Fat.er Gimbert, Superior
of the Tetionville Salesians counts
on the presence of all those inte-
rested in their works for the poor..
Last Friday evening, at Hotel
Ibo Lele, the Michel Dejean Choir
offered its last concert for the
summer.' Several guests including
Miss Judy Ross, Shari Landman,
Yoana Mainakis, Ruth King, Mr.
and 'Mrs. Dupuch, Mr. 'and Mrs.
Franck Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Mau
rice Liautawd, Miss Lillian Rosen-
berg and Miss Goldstein were pre

,,;Grard Alcindor will end his va
cation in' Haiti this week end to
return Ato France to resume his
medical studies at the University
of Montpellier. G6rard will Icom
pany his brother Frantz who is'
going in Paris for his licence in
Physics und Chemistry.
r. Emmanuel C. Paul and Achil-
le'Aristide flew to Paris on Tues-
day afternoon to represent Haiti.'
at" the World C6igress of Negro
Intellectuals. Both ethnologists
will stop in Philadelphia to take
part at a Cogriss of Anthropolo-.
gy from September 1st to 90h.
Miss Marie Yolene Alcindor, Di-
rectress and founder of the Sacred
Heart College returned home on
Wednesday from sunfiner scho.,d
at the University ofMontreal. Wss
Alcindor is working for her lice"n-
ce in Pedagogy. :
MWi. Horace Ashtop returned to
Port au Prince on Wednes ..p
from her European tour. Mr,.. Ai.
to0 visited relatives in YugoslaVti8
and was present it the wedding:' of
1rince-Rainier HI and Grace..K.-
ly in.Monaco. On her way ho0.me
she visited other relatives in .he .-
United States;. '
r 1' .

.. ','. '*\; .* ,* !, *
aERR.Y.CHANTER, tired of bbing'l' whistler, a comedian, a speari .c
a tetail'salesma,; has 'switched to managing the tourist store. 4tViitl-
laise.. His friends are. ,eoeplemei'tiaga.. ',..;. :
PHIL CARLSTMOEM is revisting aUti aMt .an absence f. :,3
Phil who is -'ow a habitatdt' of San jrancispo has armrd 1rpm fi'
presenting the Sylvania Electric Company" in urope. He' can silo/.i,
the bourette and'his French is fl 4.le;' but:u.tortunately hi.s.rt.'.
ole is czero'bare. ': ;
MISS 1IRALDA HYPPOLITE, urse at the General Hospilt t.4
off for Canada where she will follow technical training hr nure-y,.
SCLAUDINE S. DOWNS of Houston, Texas lepft Friday, promisi.$ iW"'
return shortly on her twelth vis.i. -ie.Tex ip damsel said,: -,:
plaieitime Friday: *I don't have to die .tp go to heaven,,I
to. Haiti., ":'
AL KEENAN of the Moorq-McCormick Line *a0 i4 town'this ,w .'"
conferring with Director Pierre, Chauvet about diverting two :rp ,i: '
sbips here this coming season. ; i.
VICTOR THALL, bearded artist; collects snakes, and Jlikes vogen... ,
who resemble ba-racudas. Ah exceptionally good nAeriean primltieU1 -
artist, he was one of the characters .in Hemingway's 'San AS o 'iseSi.'.
He is thought to be in town with his wife. .' .
TWO FRENCHMEN are expe-ted to caU at Port au Pr. cn, i w -J ,
yacht this week-end. They' have already visited Jacnmel On *te:rwod 1'i
Cruise. '. ', '.
STHE GERMAN SH .iP Wapertalwentjag..i~ tn;iIXnj.tn..,a
mel, while the crew slept' at anchor. The s0p went in to pick.up'00: "
tons of cargoes It was refloated Tuesday. ., ; ;
GpRAO ELIE displayed a practical ana scientific mind in. ';Smoky.
% I T4ui&a. night. He brbught'with him aasmaU fan'dtvepbiflsli. .
'Ug . btteries. :" *': .'**'^ ^'.;T" ,.
S.RbLAqD) PIERE-LOUIS,- direct, descenidanit of Chrittopher, Co.i-",
bus, sailed to La Gonave from Montrouis in-45 minutes in .his u.w .
speed-boat. .
.'INVASION BARGES mdd-a knuckle head on La Gonave .la#st$iuty i
wit adroup of Hatiphn aial' American personnel of the Amerim Eim- (
bassy and Missions. The only casualty was Gerard Moscosso who 'left ;
his cipthes aind prescription -sun-glasses behind a bush. They disappear-
td. '" '

This week our quiz isn't literary. Yourwon't lyzve to dig out .our_;:
Webster this time, nor Barblett's, or Mother Goose ,- ..
Wants to know who knows the WffIbrence between one kind of spork-
pie' and the other kind of apork.pie. ... .
If we were -located on the highways and by-ways of jolly old En-
gland, we would call ourselves: 'At the Sign of the Crowing ockx..^.
And you'd see plenty of both kinds of apork-piesw. And wash .down
mutton and cabbage and Stilon with ale from a power tankard.
You can't do that at -AU CHANTECLAIMR because we happen to '.
he located on a highway in Bois Verna. Atd there is no pork-pie of
either sort on the premises. :
However, if you're the first person In with the correct answer you .,
get -two free filet dinners. And. there's a copious and reasonbly-.priced ^l
a la carte menu for everyone twenty-four hours a day.' <'

2 Rue Rigaud Bois Verna

I.a f



ilarion Young GrisworW.'

F .


The news of the death of Jack
VDegrand, Assistant Manager of
the Riviera, on August 20th came
as a surprise, although fellow-em-
ployees sap he had not been feel-,
ing well for several days. When
he did not report for duty, it was
learned at the Hotel that he had
suddenly passed away at his home
in the early evening of the day
before. The cause of death though
not established is believed to ha-
ve been a heart condition.
Mr. Degrand was married to
the former Lillian Sterling' of Cap
Haifien, and the couple were par-
ents .of five small children. It
couldxot be learned whether he
had carried a Life Insurance Po-
Mr. Degrand had been employ-
ed at the Riviera since last Octo-
ber, and all were unanimous in
expressing deel regret at his sud-
den death, and in stating that his
loss will long be felt.

Furnished house at Pacoh Rue
4. 3 bedrooms, frigidaire, water
Theater, oven. Large court yard.
Apply by telephone: Nos. 5151,
5685, 5627.
Middle-aged lady, speaking En-
glish, French, .experience years
'abroad. and in Haiti, European
andc American cuisine, specializes
Sin Haitian dishes, desires work.
''Would not refuse job as house-
keeper. Address inquiries to P. 0.
Box 36.

Haitian Students
Studies In US. i
The American Embassy at
Port-auPrince wishes to bring
to the attention of all persons
intending to study in the United
States that the United States
Immigration Service now requi-
res the presentation of a com-
pleted Form 1-20, in addition to
a student's visa, upon arrival in
the United States.
The Form 1-20 must be com-
pleted on one side by the appro-
ved school' in the United States,
to establish that the student has
been accepted and to show all
conditions of acceptance, and
then forwarded directly to the
student. The student must com-
plete the other side of the Form
1-20, and present it to the Em-
bassy along with other docu-
ments required for a student's
In order to avoid unnecessary
delay in arriving in the United
States in time for the beginning
of courses, all persons intending
to study in the United States
are urged.to call.at the Embas-
sy immediately for complete in-
formation and application forms.
the above-mentioned Form 1-20
is, however, NOT furnished to
students by the Embassy, but
it must be obtained by writing
directly to the school in the
United States. I
Under exceptional circumstan-
ces, where an approved school
is unable to furnish the student
with a Form 1-20, the Embassy
may accept,' in -two copies, a let-

Going To Attend
require New Form
ter from the approved school,
provided that the letter includes
all conditions of admission, e.g.,
whether special tutoring in the
English language will be provi-
ded, or if the courses will be
taught in French. Where a letter!
of acceptance is submitted in
place of a Form 1-20 completed
by .the school, special advanced
advice must be sent to the Unit-
ed States Immigration Service,
and some delay must be antici-
pated before the student may be
allowed to begin his travel from
Haiti. It is urged, therefore, that
all students communicate imme-
diately with the approved school
in the United States and request
that they be furnished a corn-m.
pletd Form 1-20 as soon as pos-
Information will be furnished
prospective students from 7:30 j
a.m. to 3:30 p.m., daily, Monday
through Fridays, holidays ex-
cepted. Final applications for
students visas, however, should
be presented between 7:30 and
10:30 a.m.


FRIDAY AUG. 31, 1956)

Mr. Raoul St. L6, ex-secretary
of State for Public Works was na-
med ODVA's director to replace
Mr. Alcide Duviella assigned to a
new post.

- C


is your



n ----- ----- --



n.. Tus .,
Lv. POUT-au-PRINCE .(MEn 11:00 am
Ar. HAVANA ... 2:04 pjn
* Ar. N W ORLEANS ,CST) 4:27 pm
Direct connections ofat New Orleans for
(vina eltla and American Airlin inderdtonge service)

Special Round-Trip
Excursion Fare


30 day limit, round-trip
excursion fore good all year


Phone: 3313
Jos. Nodal & Co. Bldg.
Jos. Nodal & Co., General Agents
or see your Travel Agent

~ 1-A.




SUNDAY, SEPT. 2nd 195g



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