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Haiti sun

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Material Information

Title:
Haiti sun
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 46-47 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
R. Cheney, Jr.
Place of Publication:
Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Subjects

Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Haiti -- Port-au-Prince

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began Sept. 1950.
General Note:
"The Haitian English language newspaper."

Record Information

Source Institution:
Duke University Libraries
Holding Location:
Duke University Libraries
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 32441147
lccn - sn 95058138
ocm32441147
Classification:
lcc - Newspaper 2117
System ID:
AA00015023:00299


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text
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Weekly
Every
Sunday


lHail ) Sun


ZOc


PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI Avenue Marie-Jeanne CITE DUMARSAIS ESTIME Phone 2061 Vol KIV Sunday, February 19th 1961 No. 16


1st TradingPostInNew Wor'lT


Is Sought ,In North Haiti


SIX NEIGHBORLY QUEENS


President

PledgePaved


, South Road


Expedition Led By Dr

Baker Exploring Near

Port-de-Paix


A;: Amerria:i Antrropo!ogical
expedition v lth the aid of a lux-
ury yacht, picks and shoe's is


Tells Grateful Camion searching in North st Hlt
Drivers At Palace Declaration Of
President
'"Dear friends, I shod1l niot Francois Duv alier
mnake a speech this morning be- Oh Lumumba's Death
cause I am not yet satisfied.
The' bad shape of the road of I dep'ore Ihe death nf the
the South has prevented tIhe greatt Leader Patrice LumIIIjnI .
Chief of State for a long -time ba, all so much heprause it oc.
0rom ;leepingf"' Pesidet" Dr. curs at a time-whlIen a solution
Francois Dtivalier declared to a to the Congolese oroblenm \aus
large grolp,of drivers and pro- near. I do not believe, as rth'ers
prietrs oT auto-buses who ga- do, this unfortunate event to br
tLhered ..a ,the Natiia Palace a serious injury to the pr.,tigCe
,1 ursleay mornng,.to-it a:Cfi ''.of the- Uilted; .O'anfiatia.- ,u:i


)PULAB FIGURES-in the '61 Mardi Gras parade were the'
f lovely Queens from neighboring co iitries, who i'eliponlded.L--4
mitl's invitation to part:cmpate in the ilrec days of riotous luun
ley are from Mexico, Venezuela, Malmi. Peru and Ecuador:
I -.

Haitian Literature In
The Hands Of
The Historian f'
y BIBIOPHILE IN LE MARTIN V ;
; 'Ti..


Mr Ghlslain Gouraitc, to, tom
I lettres and profesMs," of the
nlversity of Port ani Prince
is Just published a "History
Haitian literature", Irom the


S.

tl~ i.b


for the reopening'of the road t(
South Haiti.
The President told the driver
that he would make his speech
aftgr he, has given .them an en
tirely paved road. "Today I pre
fer to request my Public Works
Minister, to .expressithe holg ht
of the. government ,and to ans
wer your magnificent speeches"
S' (Continued on page 12


3

h
5


the world or in .Atica. I rathl.r
remain convinced !hat the Iu -l-
ed Nations could play but a li.-
(Continued on page 20)


. A CUBAN D. A.
s JAILED HERE
s A Cuban, was mnterned here
. last week when he arri,'ed at
Bowen Field and admitted lo
) Immigration officials that he
- was travelling under an assum-
, ed name and the passport lihe
, was carrying was not hic
Describing himself as 0:- Tu-
lio Silva a state attorney in the-
I (Continued on page 30)


AIRMISSION DRIVER


lor the first trading post esta-
blished in the New World.

Anthropoogist Paul W. Bar-
ker, Dr Pease of the department
,f Sociology of Gorham Teach-
er's College are exploring near
Port de Paix for the spot where
Christopher Columbus met with
Cacique Guacanagaric in Dec-
ember 1492 and exchanged gifts.
The two explorers were joined
in their search Friday by Life
photographer Bradley Smith and
his wife. Smith is an author of
books on the Caribbean and Co-
lumbus. Monday y the fourth
member of the expedition Paul
.:..-Bartlett in his yacht "Sky-
wa\ve" is: ~xpected-- a rr i ve
from the Bahamas and assist -in
the exploration with his vessel.
Commercial relations between
Colombus' sailors and the In-
dians were established some-
where on the banks of the Trois
Ri\ieres near Port de Paix
when the Spaniards gave the
Arawaks woolen cap, glass
beads and bowls in exchange
for gold nuggets and ornaments.
Emmanuel C. Paul. director of
the Museum of Ethnology is par-
ticipating in the search.
(Continued on page 9)


DECORATED


t'ependenee to today trying to 1
'e a eomnplete pictul o[i lit-
staure produced hi or' conultry. 3
" his work !s presented in book
im of some five hundred pg-
, ard an alphabetic index, pla- "
'i at tFe end, me'ntionillg 300 o p .,i" .
aitian authors and foreigners ,.y a to
the volume. These tw'o indi- l'. '"i
Itio-'. suffice to illustrate that
e are faced with an imnpc'rtant li(ING OF MARDIII GRAS C'n:de M,'cestin A idre d: 'V'ayihg h s ..i
ork, the first without doubt, of gantuali appetite during.the parade. "-.
uis'scope and of such ambition.
ou cannot but admire '.he ef- Congressman And Wife Due Tomorrow
'rt of enterprise and the tang- U S. Congressman Sydney B Congressman and Mrs. Yates,
le results obtained. E cr.' stu- Yates, of the 6th district of Ch Iper~sonal friends of Naval Mis- ,, .
ent, every man of letters ev- cago and a member of the' ait 'sion chief :and Mrs Robert Debs
iy researcher of a date, title propriatio,'s committee of Con- Ieinl are expected to spend 3
ra resume of a bork4 publish- gIres, is expected here aboard days here. They visited Port 'Speedy" Sgt William Mercure driver with the 1.S. Airmih ,o
1 in our country, has only to the SS Pdilarna tomorrow with Tuesday on the way to 'Panama.
(COpitinued from page 8) his wife .. .. ., -. recipient ot te l a rd of its ki in aiti. (See story page 4)


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l iti Th-Thiswe cmg D






zabeth ifchin, a longtime AS RECOUNTED by Jin

.nival.at Villa Creole Te Ball will takePla
.BY
-Mrs

of Ne urs Jn-Baptiste. -" '..





proceeds of whid will go to the Fund movement H handicapped Childre-

ofin her projecSchoo St. Vincent. This ballttee includes the brain-child of Mrs Eli- ork i
zaof bethe HeRichin, a longtime fU.S. Marine Corps Mission, ClMrs Richin and hobert D
husband Harry havre been coming here for eleven years. simnEvery
winter anthis charming couple of West oni Mass spends three months

Boat Villa Creole.Miss Thema Bryan, Miss Jacquelinace at Cabane Choucoune,
ThuA first meeting was held Friday February 1023 withat the best orchestra "Aux Calebasses"
of Nemnours Jn-Baptiste.





to Mrs Lina Assad, a patnessketch the pgram of events. A second movemeetingt to help handicap
evening evehas formedber of thei Cemmittee wasto assisted a resphin
ofibility in the executionad of theU.S. Marine prCorps Mission, Colonel Robert D. 4
Mrs Rfchin arid Assadeinl, Jr., Mrs Gertie Heraux, Mrs. Odette Rey, Mrs. Simonby Ame T-





rican Merchant Rembert R. Wuriitzer and wife Anna Lee of New
butiontants by Mr. Jaminsony Ceestir, James Gisele Genbee, 1enrs JCeain <
HBerry T ipp enh auer, H array Winnermanud, MBichar a Louis Jeanty,i Mrs
CGoria Wiener, Mrs Jean Poweltt Peters ofLavinia Willams, Mrs Lea
hoe, Mr BenPaul Corvington ERanchod Mr Aubelin Jolicoeur.s contribute b'
A f first meeting was held Frine Thursday Febru ary 210 at the Villa Creole

sibility in the execution of thebig Fashion gramShow including.
Mrs Ri chin and Assad have acknowledged contributions by Am
trican Merchant Rembert R. Wurlitzer and wife Anna Le of New
k City illa Creole), onPrize to th e bestun dred dollars, by Harry Ri




A cocktail party was eld Villa Creole) one hundred dollars, also co
unions tributionsy Mr arereceminson, James Seeman, Sekeol and L. Berk
School, rrTippenhauer, Harry Winnerman, Bichara Is ery Vitale- <

Th attendantshidler of the ball willancho haves contribueatestd by accepting
to r-"SeduisanteMrs Siblone Gayle Carson, day FebruChary 2 so that
s!e could participate to the big Fashion Show including O!-a Bou-
time and Mireille Boutique. Ben has suggested to take the oppor-
otu Mi to awardmi accmp yearly Prize to theSunday Mibest dress designer.
A cocktail party was held last night at Villa Creole to attract


School, P.O. Box 1319 or 119 Rue dTes Casemres.
The attendants of the ball will have the greatest ful of their

in-"Seduisante blonde Gayle Carson, a Charm Schol Direcor
of rMiami accompanied here Sundeay Miss Mia:mi 1961, Sherric
P rker, a- lovely 17 year old brunette, Sherrie who came t, -par
i pate the Haitian Carnival as guest -of the City Coj. cil 'ia t
mixlel student at the Charm School of Miss Carson who is cele
rating her 23rd anniversary today.. Miss Carson who is ls D a
dancer and a ent agent is looking for a booking for a noted
atist Of Miami, Miss Joela E. Cain a forherslf.




who has. e .ed all over the World was entranced with t
harms of the Country and Villa Creole Hotel where she receive
e special nations of the President of this Hotel, Dr. Rei
I A sad.

New York and a well-khown amateur photographer and i
I, wife Ann Mr Harold Levine, a Salesman from Chestnut aill,

'Chairman of the Nameu FereaaB n s.m (s jc-~ ..hF pj_ ;o ,_










































ig for office furniture
in take a few imomc
er.


O x 60 tops


No. 501n $ 89.95
No. 50(05 134.95





..-
*1
S.. "- an. aw .~ ... 1f, -h 1.. l il


'1 II I JI '"


o.jluaJ a .ujtra .aaj flf z[.5


"Speedy." a dapper Haitan
Airforce sergeant Iwho has
c'ha'ffeured Chiefs of the Uileddl
States Airmission tr Haiti
.uound for the past seven years
lins been decorated for an in.-
credible record in the !fe; of
credible record in the face of
such terrific odds in this coun-
try.
Sergeant Speedy W'illiam Mer-
c'ire, on January third re.-eled
from the out going-U.S Missiom
chief Colonel Oscar Johnson the


of the Military Motorr Velhtil.-
Safety program in rerc),ntiw,n
of nieritorio.-s Mo'or V'h c e
Operation for se.e.i yer.- v. .i:l-
o'it an automobile accirde't. A...-
companying the award v as a
ift of a silver lighter wnh the
words "Arert Today, Alive lu-
morrow", inscribed on it.
In a city where accidenls ar?
contagious as measles lith ihe
out-going and incoming Aulrni.-
sion chiefs Colunels C'sc-ic
Johnson and Richard Curtis
commented favorably on this


U.S. Airforce Safe Driver Award outstanding record.


.,' H I^ *- 4
I -*oo oZ # li


i You know
it's A really fine
| Scotch when it'
JOHNNIE
WALKER



JOHNNIE WALKER
Bora I tr-still going strong

[rISTRIBITOR PREETZMAN-AGGEKIIO01M


Speedy proudly .diyulged the
secret of his success as experi-
eace not luck. Prior to joining
the airiorce he pointed out that
he had learnt the art of driving
oil the rugged back roads of
his native Jeremie at the helm
of a banana truck.
While driving the airmission
chiefs around he admits ?n keep-
ing an average city speed of
thirty miles an hour and has
never been- hailed from the back
seat to slow down or to take it
easy.
But with a smile of approval
Speedy noted that one airmis-
~.on chief Colonel Samuel Rid-
l'e whom he helped along with
Creole and French lessor.- en-
lilc I used to like a little speed
-)metimes.
But all of Speedy's experien-
re could not save him a fort-
night alter receiving the award,!
Sl-hen two men suddenly 4:epped
into his path on the B:zoton
highway. A chest-fallen Speedy
saw his outstanding record c-l-
lapse as one.of the pedestrians
fracture his leg on his chevy
fender.
But Speedy's framed award is'
pro.udl,] pointed out to visitor to
his 11ielle Laraque home by his
%' ife al'd four children and
reeliy. still relying on his ex-
perience, hopes to keep his, re-
cord down to one crash.


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Poet's Corner

RaRa
by OHARLES F. PRESSOIR
Bei'ore the lenten 'Fast comes along
'Tihe Morne is busy and gay as rca be,
The gloiw-moving famrmlhiands shuffle along
From every section of our counlhry.


I smoke my pipe and I .ait in my door,
Of Itlhe dear old orribles tuaJking note,
Their blureque Iprocesia 'long before,
Concealed, sard, musty odo. float.

With a red ikndand albouit 'his head
A 'comical .oYunlmrymian starts to jig,
Wi'lIdly 'his hair oesapes toqpread
From under tihe 'bllaJek off ihis woody wig.

in oom'plimenit to 'his 'high 'head-gear
The poor liw pliaknes upon 'his nose
Goggles thialt bulge sail his face seen near
'Is gray wheree the white rice-powder shows.

iNimbly the king dances, he whirls,
Flng dififibuMit dtieps with the greaJtest skill..
While 'respr'd;.'deint the love-,brougluht 'girls
Their trembling belies wiggle 'at wil.

When the crowd is gone still their voices ris-
From 'the depths o f 'the leafy ridhnesr. Here -
And with the dusk when the daylight dies
Quiver afar the to,'c'ies' flare.

Of our Hoarri'bles do not pray show ycont,
Our poor kings of the Mardi Gras-
Ci'eftlains' Eolns of ancient Africa born,
Give your tdn cobs .o oLur raras.


SAT THE
.. -

B aOO clb o



Club

Sli E .'IN(.L. U-DIFFEIRENT FOUR WORDS,

THE

' .AIGUS BACOULOL'


VOODOO


DANCERS


ART GALLERY
o"vue du QuAi


Sculptures by
.TFRANOIS
J. DUPERRIER,
O.Du PERRIER-
S01C A.DiMANCHE


WORLD'S MOST" EXPERIENCED AIRLINE
Fl E DE LA RlP'JBLIQUE ARGENTINE. CITE DE L'EXPOSITION
........ PORT-AU-PRINCE, TEL: 3451


PAINTINqS by
Sedovr
J.E. Qourgue
V.Denis -
L. Lazard
J.. abr'iel
N. za M'.' :


iPAtdl 4


Air Force Mission


Driver 'Speedy'"


Breaks Haiti Record


-- --


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#PAP .I U EuR.


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"- :" .': L': ,__ "- .. .. ." '" .: :.., ,., :' ..., ,: .',' .::. i..e.,d :,;.?--, "r~i ,-.."-',. ,'':o'- .- =, ,' ."







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maintainan the spot, either in ye shal at all times repre
H Ai1!i, Ii~i TIa nI igr se it 8 r cent at least of


T~k BAIIA ENLI LAGUAE-.NL ed- t th loalclientele, a a- the Aepoit liabilities.
Ckatmgnty eehl Pulised SndA~oringger proportion of the r-ources c) Regarding the balance o
BERNRD IEDEICHcollected on the spot in the form 20 per cent the counterpi
MAUCLM LA M of2i deo its may. b in the form ol. U.S

MEBE OPConside1ring that to thin end Dollar currency bank de ii i
it is proper t9o evise the rates sits abroad, by securities
S of lquidness and cover--stabli- quoted ieguiarly on Woiid
~n~shed by the law of August; 14, Money Markets, by Moirtg-
L%2Deart ge loant s bor by Haitian Sat
AwAKENING INTEREST IN Dear My Editor:"- or y F~~dj~;~~
HAITIAN~ LIF A U ELe atin on~ SaturdaIyFebru- Upo~n report of the Office~rs in obligations'
charge of the Departments of Art. 2-The rates provi
~ 'IT nnoe ~ ian,,, of Commerce and 1fainrvsd rte 2 of the
Fin Offor i revise atil
R EIxWia Economy;R law of August.14, 1952 shall
caution" of forty percent J As for the promulga-
allDr hisiti 6-j~igeis o eth.,ket fo hvin th vauethey loaned -o local cil of Officers in charge of the tion of the present decree.
Iit~~*t ~~Il W a e the N~~~~tlOP1 SBank Iwsyo l ep t tate the application by the bank
He has if i thef1I law ofh Ixe June 14,l 195 fo r thepr Art 1-LArticle 2 of ~the law established in Hlaiti of thfr is
who~~~~~eifct~ ofd fororen fothseho"i o not--e r n; of Augs 14, 1952 is moidified positions relative to these newi



i.,i
.from obi- (s rates of liquidity and covar, th
whoet h, vP( .ti<% rse wrtend yBos Uniurther notice, th' ~Pri- Banque Nationale de ]a Repu-







tion.~~~ in hi B irtpae
r 1who uerd, to vate banking enterprises estab- oblique d'Halti, may to this ,ed,
S writ Hatrs nflmed eclratin o Indpenence DEREE ompy wth .the-followinZ rul1es facilities of rediscount at anan











his~~~~S bloils io nhshki'o -- H t A ,C T~L f
-1quidty 9dc cover. nual rate of interest noat to ex:c ,
a white Man for Parchment

fou lnsadTTocver~ sight deposits, mire ceed 2 per cent.
gs deposit nd in Art. 4-The present de e
they were ~written on the WALLiin ofthe bankig center ,a while, antere ereia
Inr could ofte prolmto ogeeral to6 c'5yei-nall their dlepo- abrogates any law or dispos~io











iiiiii% i i! 7ti] !
y start could-



the tro'uld island have for liarr4 adu 1 95is mn in: or disposition of decrees, decree
are. t oi tY appraisi~d. I e fDce fJn 4 a) a as serve in national laws which are contrary toit
In Gouaige's1h~ok ost Lat I )a writes in 157 reltive 4,' te aroeam oftheirnc andtshallnds belpublishedhedand i'.
A htk gapn oi lu whati made i I pr I,
tconomi and* financial ibsi vaults or, _,o deposit at< sight ried into effect at the diligence--
thei tl~eswriersthatare.. nw. lmot imossble or s -,to atifi;with~ the Banque Njationiale of the Officer:s in charge ofth
read on acdount of I their olt-moe adter'lInvewi of a:iv of August 14, de' la Repu~blique d'Haiii re- State Secretaries of Fmnance, o
ideas. And-that is done so -wiellthat we want to real even thoWc 1952 relative to the functioning presenting 'at least 30 per Commerce and of National Eco
boaa ~4e z~'r~ o ~ade thm wih he san ynpat'ie- off j pivate banks established in cent of the. amount of their nomy, each in sofar as it< con
ti'~.U tbooksadwarrey t o n tmackl hmwtho the pulc i t'Hit;libliis
deposit cerns him.
tic e e, If Or Gour aige 's bw k only impact on ts 6::~



Considerinig that, by letter dat- bJ) Short term bills, rnatur- ~Given at the General IlIea~
&~~~e i tbti nurgs Jun 26, L%57, the Banque Na- i~g latest in one, year,~ on the quarters of the Military Cou&
edtors to repint s ignfiat ~Haitian writings; th~n bravo! fo onale. de la Republique d'Haiti local cdlientele, for such an cil of Governmnent -at Poit a
Dr. GuraJge. Anjb~d h shx 'is 'interest inH itinlterature, has drawn' the attention -of the arnottt that the. ai-gregate Prince, ~June 27, .1957,. 1594th f
is bouand .o live in frustration, since, uinle~ss he huas moneyy anca Secretary of State for Finance of .such bills and cash reser- Independence.
tiefiu og rux uig romn "courtiers?'; soiled. ardid to the ,problem -of exchange
time~ eniough to th90~ie tet ~r vi w-ide ~ serves and the necessity of tak- DISCOVER THLE FASCINATION















ii~~ :iii iiitesi ii:ili
ingstps mneditey t fvo
henuibe" content to just hear about this literature We can only ang stroeepsineat oy toe favorc OF HAITI
hoetht.atlast, anthologies of, the' very ~best~ in Haitian ltex of ipaoyments positheion;e T r ug t P sa e Sa p
aem available to the~ pu~blic. Considering that ;t isipr- Th o g t osa e t m
ature.Iw ll soon be made b to obtai:;







in LE witna to obain te 11r, ieMe For complete information in Haiti
s ath in this effort of ent o t pde ti wh
the 'Private baning- enterprisesa d
pracesth-,abene, fd thl:.bok o -ssyits speakers; operating in) Haiti who should furnished ~you free of charge, write' t0
to pt t mreblltl h dplres the abecfo he booit,
fif I @ltcl .rtns-W r-sure tat -Mr Gourai.reaie tha
heis rerahdof~hvn oted the most coos~erable pait
of aitan:Ii, traure aferall some H~aitian -writers haye been
"nvlss-or plyrter, but. pretty frea'riW all Haitian
wifers hE benpolitical Wiesad orspap es In fact liter- U S

PA~~~~re ~ hstaiinly.b.asepng-stone t politiez. That i
kn byDiGouirair~ ,w'r sure of i.Adwe supse that
he poaby i dvtiga peil oume to that speciese" of.~
paitan~ritrs.But-1'A'bliophile- should also grzant that, if the
poiia.wieshave not been specificaUY analzed, their thoughts.,iifso h o~ k el- ~ ~
tdcr inlene o aiin ieraueandl~ife, are ever present in
S- T-1 -I- VAL














Duvlie aI r nt stdied in seiti made lainly
infqp s-pramuntin the dieni~t" and ",
moeet,,,T-,,,;~f -eark~ goes for Dr Price "7
Magi rDats egieJle lanceh4 in, their respective Fl o ur~

"o g el.o alThe perennial giants lie Thom~asrMadiou, 4W
Jea 4ef* LuisJoseph *Jwrver, Leon -14on inFeericMr43elin, Emil Rourner et al. >

thebiz. 'e find out' that: ofi this trubled sid maii

~ltlBETTER TAS'TE
.1fs 'io IV~o wa ah Vende e Dcssede at 31, ~ A~'

sa i ie n ca 4 'oet L a ail a e at 1i d o d t efor s at 39 ," V B E T T R T E X T U R E .
(Cot agei 5)




.. .-- . .. -, ... ..
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"HAITI SUN"


Sunday February '19li, 1961 "'


By Eric F. EFIENNE
Translated from "Le Nouneau
Monde" -eb. 12

D.unng the tweiv vears spent
as Director of t:e Tourism Of-
fice. I had the opportunity to
show the Citadcll., to many
world reknown peupe'. of difle-
rent nationalhies. No other ex-
cursion has left me with more
lasting impression than hie rone
with Governor Adlai Stev'nson.
a little over five ears ago. 1MrI
Stevenson has be- the Derno-
crats' nominee !' :hc n'nie-d
States Presidency ind is loday
his Country's Ambassador to the
United Nations.
That morning of September
12, 1955, the Cap laitian Air-
port was the reiinld-vous f nu-
merous civil and military -offi-
ca!ls, and of loc.' notabless".
All had come 'o meet the one
they had wished in succeed in
his bid to the Unitedl States pre-
sidency, three ,.ears before.
8.45. A DC-3 la-nd, on tIe
strip. The door )pel:s and a de-
legation of "foncliornaires' goes
to welcome the .isilors. Rihliard
J. Reynolds, Pre,-:dent f Rey-
nolds Aluminum Co. and of Rey-
nolds Tobacco, "the CAMI-J..
Cigarette King" is here. ile gi-
ves me a friendly call .\ith his
hand, as an old acquaintance of
18 months ago, .vnai I louk kin
and a party of tri-nds and.a,,so-
eiates of the big rniiinig Com-
pany of Miragoan? to visit the
Citadelle. When Stev:nson steps
down, every one recinir'es him
-so many of his pictures have
been printed in U.'. papers and
magazines- O nations come
from everywhere. Th' one time
Governor of Illlhioi. is touched
by this reception. When I wtl-
come him and out myself at his
disposal for this Lxcursion. he
smiles widely anl' thanks me
"for this warm and cordi:il I ai-
tian hospitality which follows me
ever since my arrival in your
'r4Uin V T TIlr I r' u-


CANADA


uncomparable Country. ', he de-
clared.
l


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USINE A GLACE NATIONALL, S.
- Also the only and best CUBED ICE available in


the bread carriers, the peasants
pushing their donkeys irf Iron;
of them. He identifies a sugal


Introductions 'ir. made. Best- cane plantation and ask: ;ne
des the Reynolds --mother, son about the life of cur rural r.as-
Richard and grdrds 'i Sargent, ses, their means of existence,
three generations of' the same the improvement faci; tis w;th-
family- there is Idlai Steven- In their reach. I noJri(e his ex-
son II. with his pIetly. wife who tonsive knowledge about the
had just been a surcess of ele- Country and I tell him aliutr it:
gance during a party at tle Ca- "As a matter 'f fict. I have
pitale. Walter L. Rice of P y- studied quite a hit about ycur
nolds Haitian Mine.,, Georges N. thrilling History .vith its heroic-
Leger fils, Bernar'l Diederici al battles, especially that of
and two friends of the group. [Henri Christophe: and since .0
The procession moves in hte years my most tenacious dream
direction of Milot, we rust huir-iis to visit his Citadelle..."
ry because the visitors must fly
back in the afternoon. All along A't the Police station of MAlot,
the journey, Mr Sevenson is i.s-%,e meet with Li. Paul Edouard,
king me questions he is intcrcs- designated by the-head of the
ted in everything, our milk military department to serve as
"marchandes" carrymtn--their ou escort. We .is tby tie.- ma
sparkling cans on their-hea ed, jestic ruins o( SinsSoSuci" wl ich
frlfl A Tl T AT~. .. .*.. ill be visited 'n- oitr way hack,


as the sun is hig- and some d:nk
clouds are touching die rEaks
of Mont Alibor. Stevenson 'is a
iqnsaredTri.der. :no admits be-
1 u'sd & long horse back rid-
I In Wming. His daughter-
is a pert*'ct iutuao-
ne. Three of four LLnies, we must
stop to allow our i'istingiiished
visitor to talk in French -which
surprises me- wi'hrh I! 'peas-
ants who are happy, ds always,
1To talk to a "v.'hiitE to-.trist";
they do not even suspect the
importance and the -vlue of
their interlocutor. The gr)up is
really amused by. the French
spoken by Stevenscn who. also
laughs at his own accent.

His curiosity .bcut everything
concerning my Country strikes
me, and I hnd inyself thinking
how hlcky the Haitian people
would be should he be elected
President of the Uhited States-in
November 1956... We interest
him so'.


Caribbean Construction Co. S-A.

Builders Of The Military City

Gen. Manager: Gerard THEARD

Phone: 3955. P. O. BO.. 284


A.
Haiti.


But here is, the Citadelle, a
few minutes awa,. i' v.-ryone is
joyous. Stevenson take off bis
hat and with a widel gesture sa-
lutes the fortress wnich has
Haunted his dreams for 30 years.
Amazing! Wonderful! These
epithets come -jut in succession.
Even Nature has helped this


A Day WiNth venson
D ,;" :.


Passing by *a pile Ef cannon
balls, the Gbvernxr made .nas iL
4o':picl:one up. I asked Ihe Cor-
poral to look for a: small one
of the size that some tourists
try to take as souvenirs'. I rave
it to our visitor' who -took it
laughing: "To- bowl o'er[ the
Republicans!" he said. lie did
not use. it in t1959, may be he
gave it to Kennedy 1 years lat-
er, November 1i th.... tI howl
over the Republican Party.

After more -tha-i two hours vi-
siting ,the main' parts of the
fortress, we went to the mlpro-
vised dining-rom. lThe steward
of Reynolds private plane hav-
(Continued on page 15)


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PAGE 6


i *. -..3.- .*r.;,lnisr. .sa .. ,^aw,.8,a^ feeling of iappin-ei: a longran-
| p3fite ,cpuds was ci4lihg
Sth peak, of the "Ponnti.4'-E-
veque", just at' the base of the
s picture, in -stu'6ViY""'hy fhat
S the Citadelle looked like a huge
cruiser with its prov plunging
into the sea.
,. ygnl ..s.icm e a .;d fno-
tion is observed wben Mr Ste-
,vesen gets.'dow;ti froni the hor-
s. ion the' "eplarad'!' In front
of the Main Gate. Then the visit
.sarts~ try .my, st,to explain
.Chriptophe's. thinkiiin behind the
construction of this fortress, as
a last" rampart..of the National
Independence in case of an ag-
gressive return of the Fr--lnch.
Never did I feel iuio~e at vase
to answer all th? i.iuestio ns on
Haitian History Juring Christo-
phe's era. I was sure thosesho
were listening wver, sympalhetic-
to the cause of 3ur race.
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PAGP~ S HAITI SUN" Sunday February 19th, 1961


Haitiai

(Continued from page I1
consult the book of Dr Gourai-
ge: there are chances that the
desired information will be
found quickly.

Reliable Do'eim-entatito
To read Dr Gouralg.e, it is
quickly understood that 'his his-
torian oi literature Ias himself
studied the novels, the cullec-
tion of poetry, theatrical plays
which he examined, classified
and judged. From the first pdg-
es one feels the authors confi-
dence. That which he presents
to us, he himself has read. ou
can feel it by the precision of
the account and Ll'-. quality of
the final judgement. Few Hai-
liai. critics Iand also foreign)
merit so completely n over-
whelming approval of a work
so conscienciously done.


a Literature In The Hands



Of The Historian illadmit
usthat in a wol


The Sense of Clear Explanation
The book of Dr Gouraige is all
the more remarkable, for its cla-
rity.

The "schools' of literature
that he disengages from the
mass of our production. are pre-
sented in precise lines. The clas-
sification, correctly distributed.
offers us a given picture (al-
most visual) of our literaltine.
What more, to t1is t Larity cf
presentation, must be added the
style. The short phras.o, rid of
the incidents so dear to witll-
ors of chezz nous" endea u,'s
to clothe the thiugnt most ex-
actly and, it is rari2 that the
reader is burdenetl with an ob-


scure idea or one hastily expres-
sed.
Here is this bool:, with all its
positive contents, all that per-
mits it to be placed really in
the first ranks among the at-
tempts made up tc now, to be-
queath our students and intel-
lectuals of that panorantic, and
at the same time d-tilced, view
of the Haitian iitermr/ produc-
tion.

One.will not be upset liowevv-r,
to. hear me say that this book
which by the seriousness of its
writing, imposes r':spic:t pre-
sents however noiabli deficien-
cies. The author himself, I ho-
pe. will not hold ;t against me.


thoit doubt with
rk so new, it is


impossible, on the first attempt,
to produce that work of durable
value which we ail need. My
cautions may aid- toward the
final appearance of this "histo-
ry" which in Mr Fompilua and
Gouraige, has already found ai-
dent pioneers.


The Domain Of Literature
It seems, to me, fir-t of all
that Dr Gouraige has closed
himself within a concept rather
scanty of the literature, and ts-
pecially the Haitian literature.
A close look at the table of con-
tents, shows at arst glance Ihat
he has limited his woik to
fields; poetry, novel Theatre
and history. He has abundantly
furnished these large sutldii-
sions and he is duublful t1i:i he
(Continued oni pige 13)


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"HAITI SUN"


Sunday February 19th, 1961


PAGE 8












New, --o-l s, First
PP ra iiing stii




c~ittinue from page 1) ing, sinkers and a probable ball Columb~us, had4 of the~ Lidian
A ccQrdin to an October >sto- court, as well -as two go'd pen- ires the night he approached
ry in Time Magazine, Anthropo- da~nts. he Coast of Haiti.
loint Paul1 W. Barker of Mai- Mr Smith who will _phlogorapi Mr Paul H. Bar'tlett a retired
iie's Gorham ~State, Tea~hers te' expedition 'and any discov- television and radio~ executive of PHUA2CQ TROPIC- 103 INTERNA I'INAL 6-BAND KAI)W
College vindicated C u 4b s :0i5 -they make, for Life ma- Frnesno, California Will use hiSstu t of this Philco master m ld
last year when- he reportedly gazing, is ain old. Columbus. fan vessel the SIkywave to move the el and you'll think you're Iin the studio. s," keen mid clearI is c.-I
dig uip twq, gold penianit just having participated in the Ed- expedition along the Coast in r ogra'm) .
like tose- 6scribed by th~e Ad- war Link search and finding search of the Arawak remains.-
--,tog. Time'suggested of I**J_ the_ I__ s__ e odanhoIofth Btf that's only .one- of this model's many fine features; others
thtD akrm.a aefudvekIe at ai in- 155 uchiude: Complete short wave and standard broadcast-. receptionp
the, i t-.vilag, nar or ofI fCa Hatien. Hereturned to CRUISE~ ARIVI ALS 'mn 6t Rands. Fascinating 'long-low' styling fully 2ff. in width --
de Pa wee dwelt anInian phoogap the first Sanita Mb- S~unday Feb.. 19: wvith riel) walnut finished eabinet.
^ili^^,-6^









-maidenthe. cve of Am Ie-I anchor in National Mu I SANTA' PLA -Igh-Fidelity voun fron speaker network of duo-cone f r oit I
7rica had- captured. The girl was scum here for h~is new book "Co- Monday ~Feb. 20:
pensivelyy but Isparsely claid lu*abus and the Newv World" 8: 00am CRIS TROBAL ipeaker ntmd dynamic ide opener -
withi a golden 'nos 'i~plug a.it4 n- whichi s being published by Tuesday Feb. 21: Qeip.rate buss and treble audio controls. -
Lt:ing else., Doubleday this fall. Itn this new 7:-.00am-- STATENDAM -
Mr 'Barker 'and< his Haitiani bookr Mr Smith~ points -out tha 8: 00am -ANCON- -_ ____________ -
lelpers last year fon th'e town- the- first trading- post and~ the Wednesday Feb. 22:1 1 1U
second day asor i~n Haiti in Wor'ld was on -the N~orth Coa~st 8:00am -SANTiA OLIVIA HLOi
of Haeiti. Trwo years ago whe 1: OS'm -BIANCA C
hossrbby.s eltrd life carried ten colored picturesFe.23
15b0 'n 8hursam NASSAU- -1 It STONE INTERAMERICA Gi
abians, an-: tere on oubs"irhaM
weem ny ml setteet SmithviitedteNrt os 12 :00am--Nieuw AMSTERDAM -Radio Pleasuire
neay to of iHaiti and- after seI tting aS fire 12EU0am-7NIEUW- AMSTERt
Tim ln I wih iHiin s-- of the- Lemonade water- rot NOW EN"JOY HI-FI -
sitit ftidstte ip,fsh- capture thie same -vision -tha~t / O REN ORSA
WRe~alfo~ra shop across new-'U.s.R
I ~oernbunes gorD rajabuie'LIQUEUIR
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Sunday February 19th, 1961


"HAITI St


Jet Ser vice Find- Panam Anticipating


More TouriSts


Panama City .'his cosmo-
politan capital, -vhich combines
elements of, tie Iar East, the
United States and iOld Spain, is
busy getting ready for a bigger
tide of tourists.
Now that the Panamaniah ca-
pital is only 7 hours 15 minutes
from Los Angeles, S holirs 15
minutes from HjusioI and 2
hours and 25 minutes from Mia-
nu by Pan American World Air-
Sways' jet Clippe.;, the isthmus
republic justifiably expects its
L00,000-visitor total of last year
to be greatly exceeded.
In the capital, hliicn is an
serial crossroads between Ncrth
and South America, the Hotel
international has just conplet-
?d a seventh story, increasing
ts capacity to J0O air conditian-
d rooms. Its lobhy, l.ar and
,rill room have been remodeled.
in aWdition the management -
Slotelera Nacional-- has taken
wer the newly huilt 44 room
,ux Hotel.


Completion is jelie luled in 18
months.
Near busy Tocunen airport an
81-room motel 'a!k'. La Sikstc
is due to ,open next Yebruary.
Every room. will be air condi-
tioned. There will be a coffee
shop, patio dining area,. a bar
and lounge area, a swimming
pool and pitch and putt golf
course.
A half million dollars is now
being spent refuirbishing El Pa-
nama Iilton Hotel, I.cated atop
a hill in. one of the Panamanian
capital's residential sections.
Rooms are bet ii redecorated
and air conditionin- installed -in
all except 21 room';. Sone fulks
still prefer being cooled .,y Pa-
nama's evening breezes. The
Bella Vista Room, most elite
spot in the capital for-dining
and dancing will be transferred
from the roof terrace to the
ground floor as will the casino.
In addition a rolisseri. rcsiau-
rnut will be opened; a conven-


SEarly this winter Hlotelra Na- tion hall and penthouse suite are
ziolal will start constuclioii of planned, and an exp3nded shop-P
150-room hotel in the fashion- ping arcade is .i, vw under conulls-
able Bella. Vista residential sec- tnition. -.
A favorite subject with camera-carrying tourists i thIe ruirs 'ionl of the capital. Facing the The Panamanian capital is re-
SOld ma and the costued guides. Built in .it3 an] ,,kld e a. the hotel will b)e a;tIly call- ally several cities. .I-'r .star.ce,
rlPanc Miramar. A i:ri-.ate beach where Central Avenue, the main
by pirate Henry Morgan in 1671, from lie a Vache, Old Paniin: i nd .-swimming pool will be street, links the modern seL'ions
is a short drive fromn the present capital, Panama. Jrmong its recreiiional features. with the Spanish c-'oiiial city,


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S.. ..- .. "- .. s -,' .-.-
.,: r '. '. .) .? ._ '. .:.


PAGE 10


the architecture is potpourri.
Along this bus,' thoroughfare
there are modern buildings anrd
old fashioned frame structures.
their blue and yellnov lInhs fad-
ed by time and the sun. ShEt-
ching across the front of these
old building are long porches
decorated with poL:ea plants, 'a-
ged birds and an abundance of
drying laundry. Here, too. peo-
ple snooze in rocker.i .ir hang
over the railings waclhing the
passing parade.
Below, in sharp con!'rst, are
the opulent showcnises of the
East-Indian bazaars wheie li-
vishly embroidered b q n cl u e t
cloths, elaborately curved teak-
wood chests and exquisite jvide
and ivory are aufiong the dis-
plays.

Where Central Avenue h:rr-
ows into little better than a hlne,
Panama City takes on an Olr
\1orld aspect.' He?, is the Santa
Ana Church located on a hand-
kerchief-size square, she first
church built outs:d._ ..the wi all
which surrounded the lcty u1 co-'
lonia"' times. Heir too is 6,h
church of San Jose with Its fa-
med golden altavc, nd '-.: he
ruins of -Santo. urnminio chrchh.
th Q50-foot-long tilat arth ..mrr
has stood more thazMiO1 -yr.drs.
SThe original cLLy_ ends t iiihe
point of a peninsula LU rejitcc-
ted by the walns itwit whe lhe
capital was Emunde.- in ~". e-
neath" the wall, 'broad cwrigh
for a'car to drive upon,'5ire' fhe
huge vaults -calld :LIns .fiwvye-
das- which were uLfd-'- A- ri-
sons. .Outside these -en?:'
dungeons is a sm.uil, Iree-'&d-
ed park called Pla-,.: l'arut-i
II one travels in the 6o i iHe
direction he soon leaves 'Ce('tal
Avenue for 'broad, :-ee-!ined ae-
nues and well-): do ir.sidertial
sections which rise in tiers..i rl
the hills culminating iin I .(t ds-
ta.

Panama has been greeting
tourists of every nationality sin-
ce the Panama Canal was .com-
pleted back in 19l1. As a. result
the tourist. finds 3igntsceing well
organized and inexpensive. For
$4 he can take 'a Ithreehour tour
of the capital. Such -t lour -in-
cludes Old Panarma, the first-ca-
pital, built in 1519 and sacked'by
plate Henry Morgan ,J I l'i'l:.
A 2-hour tour' of Balboa and An-
con, the port and residential sec-
tibns;'of -the' Pacific' fide 'of the
Canal- Zone plus a view, of the
entrance of 'the..- aal at Nira-
flores Loiks rurs ~: a person.
Amid cdroto, tulia and Indian
laurel trees, 'these communities
bear the stamp of the USA. The .
pastel-co'Qred hdljses, nca.t gar-
dens and Ameri-i-i cars lo2k
like a slice of Florida.
An ocean-to-ocean ntoul.. crus-
sing the isthmus from the Paci-
fic to the Atlantic is %30 for two
people. The trip is packed with'
sights: the Fo r s i Preserve
where the jungle is in ils natur-


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N-" PAGE J-


PANAMA'S
*R A '
Panama City, Panama-.Time
was when vacationists to Pa-
nama just heard about "El Tam-
borito," the republic's national
folklore dance. B3ut nowadays
there's also a chance for the
visitor to see this colorful l spcc- dern coquetry and
tackle. nuous movements.
Once reserved fot carnival Originally, the Ji
and special fiestas, El Tambori- the. slaves' hopas
to is now featured in the floor- their native Africa.
shows of the elit Bll]a .'ista formed on the greal
Rootn nightclub it. Panania City. or in the yards ol
- As tourism ir.cre;ses, now permission of the S[
that Pan American World Air- ers.- Sometimes wih
ways has put Panama on Ame- the slaves mimlcke
rcans' doorstep vith jet servi- oms of their inma
ce, more night spots will follow caught, they would
suit. For the Amnericin tourist gestures-were part o
is always eager to see what is Eventually they did
typical of the country he visits. corporate in El T
The Tamborito goes back to Later, when a ie
the primitive dances of the s!a- ged -a--nixture of
Ves brought to Pananma b.3 the African- the dan
early Spanish conquistadors du- more modified :an
ring the 16th Century. Gradual] from. the yards and
ly, with the passing jf years, thetothe patios of e
dance took on a new character The themes of. the
until today it is a blend of mo- the lyrics were cha
TAMBrORITO DELIGHTS TOURISM S


National Dan



terfains Tourist


primitive si-

aince voiced
ickness fur
it .w is per-
t p:antatilns
f mines, by
npaiisn mast-
lile da:nc:n
d ile ciist-
.cers. When
Claim tl-e
of Uie djnce.
become in-
amborito.
w race einer-
Spanish and
ice became
d it riioved
'he minfx; in-
reole homes.
songs, -and
ingeL. here


were happy as weil .s sad songs,
and many of love.
During this period the "pol-
lera" dress look the place of
the-rags of the slates. Thus,
while the Spanish were still dan-
cing the minuet in the ballroom,
the Tamborito became the dan-
ce ot the creoles. Toddy it is
Panama's national dance. And
the pollera is th. -iational dress
of Panamanian women.

Like El Tamborl'), the pollera
developed through the centur-
ies. Once it was worn by c.'cry
woman. And its cxquisit. beau-
ty adds to the dance. Sewn en-
tirely by hand, t takes a year
to make one.-Genrally, the ma-
terial is handkerclrTf uInen with
colored designs worked by hand
with cross-stitch or shadow-
work.
The blouse has a double, lace-
trimmed ruffle, hairn embroider-
ed and edged with fine hand-
made lace. Around the neckline
is a cord of -a ol :hrheaded
through eyelet lace with pom-
poms in the center of the front
and back.
The skirt of the pollera is bell-
shaped with a circumlerence ol
six yards at tne heminie. It,


too, is lavish Wivni
lace and ruffles.
For El Tambrit"
wears a "montfuil"
is made of homespun
ed muslin with a fr
bottom of the overs
the hems of the .,hu
is also embroidered
designs.
El Tamborito is pc
a couple ringed I,
dancers. After circlir
around, the couple i
the drummers.
The "repicador, "


in a higher, gayer tone; signals
I fl at this point with three Flow,
'Ie loud beats. The couple then
makes the traditional' "three
bows" and nb two couples
Seem to do it the same wIy.
Usually the manl makes three
jumps into the air, his partner
taking a backward -=tep with
cn:lroidery, each, while weaviig her skirt.
Next, in the "Corrido" Ilhe
. the man couple dance in a circle. As the
costume. It girl makes coquetish movements
i, unbleach- with her skirt, the man fans
fringe at the her with his hat when the mo-
hirL. and at vements become more torrid.'
rt pants. It And, if she 'dances particularly
Iin bright well, the other men dancers
place their hats, one atop an-
itforn ed by other, on her head.
, watching Good El Tamborito dancers
i,; half way abound in Panama and it's a
uove toward rare girl who leaves the circle
without balancing three of four
who drums hats on her head.


Ianmama's colorful national dance -El Tambqrito- once reserved
for carnival and special fiestas is now a feature of nightclub shows
in. Panama:City, now served by Pan Am jet Clippers from Salt
'ranciscoI Los Angesles,.Houston and Miami.


I -


Lunch Dine Have Cocktails
By The SEA-SIDE


'controls the surplus water re- welry bear costuriu ;ew',:lry pri K/ 0 AIB E A C H
leased to the- canal during the Is. There are silk kimono!, .KO 1 --
dry ni6nths, and Catun Locks, pongee robes, East Indian saris
most -impressive of all.- Here, and stoles, ivory figIrines, lea
on the Atlg~tic side,- a ship, iS other goods from all over the -""
raisedd or lowered 'a feet. worM all at Dargaii' prices DEEP-SEA FISHING EXCURSIONS
SAfter lunI h at Colon, on 'the Tableware of Iriii linen emb-
.Atlantic, the toutist, has time roidered in either China or Ma Swim, Spearfish, Snorkle, W ater-Ski
for shopping in the East Indian deira, which would-cost 1i00 in nd Sail In Safe Coastal
bazaars -along Frint street; the U.S., sells for %25. Coastal
SAnybody who V'isits Panama To these aattractions ;anam.1 W aters From Kyona
without funds earnnarked 'for also offers -in its Capital rity-
shoppig winds up with a dis- a selection -f ord restaants R PAR Y AT KA
S'locaed -budget. 'Thb, bargains and variety .in nightclub enler- VE YOUR PARTY AT KYO ,
e irresistible, French perfu- tainment. H E YOUR PY AT K:
'hes are a third to one-half the All in all the jet age has nrl -
tJ.S. -price. Thai and Chinesd'je- caught Panama napping. .

.
._. ....z ,_ ,__.0, mPUL!46"` ` -`; % ` =. .: .. ._:..,. ..-,: .-,., .. .,....


r




..... .w m.......i~ .-. p I .
I.. *


"HAITI SUN"


PAGE 12


Sunday' February 19th, 1961


PAVED ROAD FOR SOUTH

(Cotilinued from page Ir vealitl that l hicc monlOlli nago hi-
I;idl rec-i'ved the order from tile
Ilp Il't.eident told the drivers. Pl esident to open Ithe oid ii,
In a co-niincing tone, Minister the South which he did. Mr
of Pbhlic \\orks Marcel Dati- D; ni-c added that in a talk
miec, Pccording to the report pu- v.it'-i t\.o drivers he had been
blished in Le Matin, revealed -"ddr-i.icd to learn about the


to the r.nthused drivers that he
had talked over the phone with
I!.e President in the morning
and had been asked by him to
commence as of that da.\ Feb-
iriri,. 1 the formalities to be-
min the pa\'in of tie load. Min-
istrr Daurnec emphasized that
rnly techlinical considerations
hiad up fill that time slowed
do%,n the signatures of the do-
cillnients He stated that every-
thing was alright no\~ and the
millions necessary for the work
would soon be put at the dispo.
sal of the government Le Ma-
tin stated that the Minister vi-
sib'. satistied, because the four
speechlies made by the drivers
were iery laudatory to him re-


plig'it of the So-uthern road, for
dr \ : s ior tle past two
c.iars. Tle- Preside.it he said
had a!\a.s expressed concern
bout that problem ard as .a
f.- ner member of the Hig'i
Co.irt of Accounts he had stu-
clied the projects a-d contacted
Calp dlisis to ndj.ice them tn


become interested in tihe
ert' rtiard net-work. The


South-
Public


\\orks Minister ended h.\ slatingi
that hi also was not 3et satil-
fied with the road hut he pro-
mised that before fi.e months.
evenl though it will not be paved
it will he in a mnrc hb'tt-.r
'-nr.-.. He renev ed the Presi-
dent's pledce that the ioad
v.o ] d .erteitualIL\ be paved.


Coffee Glut

Jeopardizing

Agreement

Washington.-. Warnings 'of a
runaway buildup of world coffee
surplus stocks were sounded in
a long-range analysis of the
commodity's supply and demand
patterns prepared by the Secre-
tariat of the International Cof-
fee Agreement.
These supply and demand for-
ces. it was said, are bound to
bring about the collapse of the
agreement unless something is
done to solve its long range
problems.

At the same time, the Secre-
tariat served notice that it ex-
pects an equal increase in cot-1
fee prices if world industrial
prices continue to rise.

No t ing. that \world surplus
stocks now approximate 40 mil-
lion bags, it said that an estima-
ted 17 per cent increase in world
coffee consumption in the next
decade will still not be enoug.i
to rid world coffee producers of
mounting surplus stocks.

The Secretariat said that such
an increase could push consump-
tron to 69 million bags in 1970,
but that 'anticipated prod.ctio.i
in ihat year wo ild hit 8-4 mil.
lion bags. or 15 million bags
nmoe than demand.

Two lMoes Urged
The situation must be met on
ito ironts, it co.itinued. "A way
m .st be found to expand the
Inluiket vigorously, not just to,
maintain it. and at the same
tune production must be kept
iiillin lim its."

T'e study. %ids released as a
,' 'e to today's meeting of
-.-c International Coffee. Study
'-.. p which will consider a
Ito tlrin study of world coffee'
Jl olo:ellls.

':'e study prepared by In-
ternational Economic Consult-
ants, Inc., the U.S. Agriculture
-t--..umnert,' the International
LoOpeatiol : Administration, the
iood and Agriculture Organiza-
t.on'of 1 e LUnited Njito.s. Eco-
nomc Specialists oi New Yo.k
and Economislst I.ite.i.gence o
Lo.:don is des.g:.eJ to set thi
stage foi a lo ig-terr.i .orld cof-
lee pact.



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"ITH THE CASH.

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Time takes on a rosy hub
through the sapphire crystal
of your Movado "Firmament" watch



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JOSEPH NADAL & CO DistribiltorS


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_~___ I







PAGE


lerene Language of Reason
historian of literature has,
known, a mission to situ-
work, to oxps.bli it and fi-
to judge it. The last seems
the most de'cate. -It .wants
ity;, determination to sepa-
the good from thle bad.
:qualities are often lack-
ith Dr Gouraige. The ed-
s of Rene Depestre for cx-.


know, what ever be ones
union of Depestre, that the
is not yet 35.
Also in the half page de
to the historian J. B. Dor
an easy "slaughter' of a
which had the merit at a
when there was no other ct
vide many generations wi
,history handbook. To point
the errors of a historian is


read not without ir- I
e. conclusion of the
Sto him where, after
table choice of his
author declares that
as started to loose,
)urity f' its first fir-
esque juldgement and
to understand. Hasty


but from 'i literary poini
view the effort toward clea
the desire of a lively slyle
in this almost admirable
relating the murder of the
peror", the precision of the
guage, all that alsn must h(
ted by a historian of our li
(Continued on pagt


H leaves the '
nd retunr's at 11


a
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.. V- .- .. .-.-, i W-:. ... ? -.a i :-ff.''W.C:.U.
U


"HAITI SUN"


Sunday February 19th, I964


tContinued from page 13)
ture if lie is rcspectli! of !he
shades.
And Whence. *- Beauty
We will repru,'ch also and
above all to Dr '3uuraig- to have
deliberately ignored the study.of
style of our au,:i, -. 'It seems
to me that literatur. i;stinguish-
es itself from .iaiilina the dan-
ce and all the other arts by ihat
style which is pr.pver it t;: the
words the melody the rythmn
the composition ani all thuce
proceedings that romn a technic
which the writer uses clumsily
or like a master craftslmain.
It is possible that lis indiffe-
rence towards a :)rofound aimnly-
sis of style maybe the mn;nnner
of a new school Jf histronans of
literature.
I admit here my,' ignorance
and remain faithful for m) rart
to time proven me:thd of solid
"Bedier el I-arnrl ', ibs com-
plete history of Frcncn literat-
ure written by outsl-uding scl o-
lars for students -ind for schol-


ars where precisely the style of
each author is analyzed in a pe-
rnctrating manner.
Why should vJ. like Oswald
Durand, why is .t that some of
his poems move OIs while others
leave us indifferent' Would no;
the answer be ,n tie systematic
study of that se-Trt thing which
makes incantatory force of a
poem or the transparency of a
historic expose. of :liat thing
that a man of lI,'.'rs never for
gets and which is Style, I'ivan.-s-
cent and fluid, the souv,'reigl:
Style !
A New Versiln May be
Expereil
Dr Gouraige's work, the im-
portance of which we h;ae inl
declined in the beginning, re-
mamis even witl those errors-
a conscientious work. We admi-
re asidious effort that was nit-d
ed to give us that .worn indisput-
L,)..t superior to its forerunners
it must be do'ie belttr, It
wo,.lld be increddtable, we r,
peat, that, all al)-we, one of us,


'I


Haitian Literature...


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iiiananic bic-shining iwith
colorful-naiural highlights!


Yes, "soaping" your hair i ilh
even final liquid or oily.cream
shampoos leave dulling, Th l
dirt-catching film. Hlalo, inarfe he la es
with a new ingredient. rontainA se -
no soan. ri -t;ir ,a. seill.
.. Thus tihdl ~io ritie, ,our hldir s| la ain
the very first tunime :Ip it.
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favorite 4hun.p- rod.. Ai ne rjca / -



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: -"" :


PAGE 14


at the first try, manages to
produce the periect w-jrk which
we need.

The goal of this article is pre-
cisely to underline what I. tea-
der, professor, "amateur de bel-
les-lettres", I hav.. had the re-
gret (maybe I ant wrong not
to have found in the 500 pages
of Dr Gouraige's work. We are
sure however tlist our author
will remake soop h. s wori and
that with the assi.:tunce of ohi-
er specialists (A go6d bibliogra-
pher for examol, would help
him a lot) he will someday give
us an even 'better version thian
the one we have ludiy. A ver-
sion where the pieiure of our
literature will be nor-a comple-
te, where our authors will be dis-
tributed according :o their rela-
tive importance atr O lhere "c'n-
fin," the analysis of the style
will be deepened.

After all our critic;sisni; cm-
compass only shades. Let us re-
peat it: Dr Gouraia.g has only
to insist on what lie signals in
his book. -


I


<
M~tefi~f




. .. .,. .. *.. .
. .


Sunday February 19th, 1961


"HAITI SUN9"


A


History Of Haitian Literature

(Continued from page 5)

Hamilton Garoute at 26... We learn that "Mlmola" of Antoine
Innocent was the first Haitian novel where the Voodoo ceremor it-
vetre minutely described; that was in 1906, or 20 years before
Seabrook. There is Vendenesse Ducasse who, in his brief e,\istenoi,
, lote a considerable number of plays, most of which have not
bren preserved for posterity. At the time, the gay .ineties, there
was no Hollywood to provide mass amusements, and %'endenesse
Ducasse was-a faithful purveyor to the theatre-going public. His
pla were mostly based on Haitian life and he was (q ite sar-.
r boutu" the politicians, the merchants (one of lus plays is
6itledl"Haitiaus and Syrians") the police...
." La police aujourd'hui n'a d'egards pour personae
Elle boucle--in chretien-comme on role une tonne.
(The police nowadays respects nobody
.A-,.nd jails a christian like.one rolls a barrel.)
,Ah'd there is Mme Virgile -Valcin who wrote novels is coniplicat-
id iand terrible as-any old time melodrama. And, accordingg to
Gouraige, her. style also is pretty terrible. Deliberately, h oncst.y,
Gouraige studies them all, but you can feel, towards.the riddle
of the book, that he is warming up and that he is relieved to
arrive at last to the moderns. One feels that he has had enough
of Alexandre Fluury-Battier, Alibee Fleury, Emeric Berge:n, Char-
les-Seguy Villevaleix with their "rustique. asile". their "ria:ntes
(haumieres", their grandss mornes bleus'a superbes crinica's"
that remind us of the literary exercises that every little Haitian
"'.igth- his salt has written in "rhetorique", and which would in-
*^ *''.*i-~ .' -
c!'ne us to agree, with Mr Dantes Bellegarde, that Haiti is a .pro-
\ince of France.
Things begin to change-rapidly, almost violently, towards .I92S
It is the year %\hen-"Ainsi Parla I'Oncle" of Dr Jean Price Mars
appears. Gouraige reminds us very aptly that tHe year h12! comes
13 years after the Ameripan Occupation began (1915'. Haitians had
been disarmed and, even though they felt bitter about it, many
thought-that the Americans were superior.-Were they not the vict-
ors, the conquerors? But, after all, those Americans were '"blancti'
just like our masters of yesteryear, the French. Haiti wias now being
cut off from Europe and was being introduced to the American
wy.y- ol life. The result was-a lessening of French influence -_!
favor of the American, and also, aiid chiefly, as .a reaction, a
"turn back to Africa" movement. Two magazines, the -"isue U
Indigene'.' and' "Les Gr)ots" took up the lead and, -suddenly the
"pipaiux rustiques" were replaced by "lambi." "assoltos" ".ace-
cinesi..%.Simultaneously..the liberalism of Adam Smfih, so dear to
mr-st Hiitian intellectuals of former years, seemed 'to ie giving
,Ay to te acidulous teaching of Marx. Pointing all those things
to us, ..Gouraige shows us the new Haitian w-iters in a new Light.
.e also takes tune to point out-to us the Insuspectct importance
of some writers, and also-reviews for us some Autihu's tnat -twe
A.A'e always.'taken for granted without of course,- havift troubl',ld
to6read-theim. In the first instance Gouraige tells us about Renuor
Bernard who, unfortunately, stopped writing at"the age of 30; he
reminds us that Bernard is one of our most significitt poets;. and
we-need to be reminded of that because Bernard's voice has i.ot
Ilen-'ieard for 15 years. In the second instance, we have all heard
abixt Leon Laleau. so much in fact that everybody has taken him
Sfor granted and there:are precious few in the youig geneitison
who have read him. Qouraige describes minutely his work, his
inanner, his thought, his influence and reveals to us, the consider-
rble statur-eof a .writer who is a poet of rare calibre, an un]uslly
forgotten, novelist, an incisive observatory oatthe Haitii i-scene.-Hie
also does justice to the delicate poetry of Grimard or to the ire
of Burr-Seynaud against the American Marines and the corruptt"
ii an elite. Gouraige keeps his book very much up-to-dalc and
menons the latest comer in Haitian literature, Jean-Richard La-
fotb';t. whose book. of poems appeared only two months before
,Gffltige's ARiHitory of- Haitian Literature.
S'.tvagree with "Bibliophile" that the book is inionmplete, we
aso agree that some of the judgments (not a great many; are
Fspbjec't to criticism, but we-proclaim that it is a great book and
:.'hpe that many will read it; and-that it will provoke in many
e desire to read Haitian books.


(Continued from page 8)
ing forgotten to bring the pre-
pared luncheons, someone lmade
the remark that the sandwiches
were- not the same as those in
the plane, "better tlis wW" aid
Stevenson, "this -gives me the
opportunfly to tasta something
prepared in Cap. Haitian". I had
taken the preeaulic Itoorder a
pidnie. luncheon from a Cap Hlai-
tian Hotel! Once, Mr Stevenson
sat cross legged, and I purpo-
sely stared at th? sole of his
shoe. He smiled and- changed
position. I apologized for my in-
discretion and I asked idm if
these were the famous; shoes he
wore during his i952 presidential
campaign, those shoes that were
photographed showing a hole"by
a malicious reporter in a raH-
road car: "Well! he said, you
knbw about this story y too?"

When the time '-ad. come to
write the names on the register
of the "Avant Posrt I piit'an
X under the coluim:n concerning
the number of ,isit;. Mr Stev-
enson asked me ;f this was my
tenth journey to the-Citalelle:
I answered that the tourists
would not. believe that I had ac-
tually visited the Citadelle some

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646 times, so I ra:ilirr write downi
X as an unknown.

On the way bac. m:nany cm-
ments were made oi the impres-
sive grandeur of the Citadelle
and on the genius of its builder.
Governor Stev'nsn.i adn;itted,
just like other visitors I had
guided such as Mrs Anthony
Eden, Julian Huwie3, Adolf A.
Berle Jr., Ansgar i:osenborg.
Walter White, Prince and Prin-
-cesse Napoleon, Jean-Paul Sar-
tre, Claude Barnett, !,uis Mu-
noz Marin Jr., that what he
had seen had surpassed by far
what he had imagined, and that
Christophe's Citadelle represen-
ted a priceless zrea:.ures to Hai-
ti's tourism...


A short visit to Palais Sans-
Souci and we were back at the
airport. A crowj bigger, than
that of the morning, was pre-
sent to bid farewell to Adtal StL-
venson. The latter shoo, tvery
hand that was within his reach.
"I will cone back to your
beautiful Country"', h said he-
foir boarding the plane, 'and
for a longer stay'.

The Haitian People know they
have a friend on whom Ithy can
rely. At the United Natiiis, Am-
bassador Stevensin will be thin-
king of us, especially in this cia
which marks "the new alliance
for progress" promised by the.
winner of the Democratic Par-


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-: ----



PAGE 16 H AI T I S U N" Sunday February 19th, 1961-


U.SEn voyAndFinance MinisterCopter
TO ARTIBONITE TO VIEW ODVA PROGRESS






















Ambassador Robert Newbegin. Finance Minister Herve Boyer, Poin Four director Earl Finnie,
aer and DLF representative Leonard Brook discuss various projects underway in the Artibonite .,.
lley. Te officials ho ere operd o th lley noted the process of: the irrition work,














plet Tomato paste making plan4. Cucumber; are being shipped to Ne v Jerse. by PAA, Panama '
S' last week. '












IOE ETIENNE . ...
Ambassador Robert Newbegin. Finance Mlinister Herve Bo3er, Point Four director Earl 0. Finnie, ',
ODVA d;rtctor Roger Cantae. George Bredsh: International Engineering Company project man- .'.' .. .
ager and DI representative Leonard Brook dis cuss various projects underway in the Artibonite i t
alley. Te officials ho were covered to ey noted he progress of: the irrigation work,



making plant s expected to go i p i n April The crop has already been planted. F e M ser H e Boyer th he Dea
the deielopnent of the Artinbonite Valey during his fisit by hell.
TENNIS LESSONS? copter with the .S. Ainubassador and Point Four director MFinai



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TRANSPORTATION) ". native with ODVA in the Artibonite Valley. Mr Brooks is explaining
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anitday.iFebruary 19th, 1961 I I i PAGE 17

-i-- 'he Musidcy inclined son of the El-Rancho Shindlers progressing WONDER NAMED J
I p spn fh report in Creole paraded with TI TA TO during those roaring three d:,.s... DIERCTOR OF -
T Itallan lessons, are being given at the Italian Embassy by Madame H.-A. INSTITUTE
Moise Monday and Thursday evenings... Timesman Caribbean -I.
S--- .h:e. Max Frankel passed through Haiti enroute to the D. R. Dr. John P. Wonder ha hi'. i
Tuesday.... Frank Magloire is spending a month in Latin America named Director of the H.iti:-
American Institute. The Stun. .
accompanied by his pretty wife. He is attending a U:lt-ec. co:ifer- ford Universilty graduate. cir-"
ence on the.role of the press in preserving Human Rights... Haiti's rently at a cultural instilulL' in
Sfo Readers Digest is in town with his onsul General in Nassau, Nestor Chavannes and Raoul [I'mlin Brazil. is expected to arrive ir .I
i.!cr .li er for er Di is in town ith hiuito (Equaeur) retuned to o: H i net week.
lodged at Caidtelhaiti... Prof. Leslie Manigat was released from quarterr) returned t
detention this week... Father Bernard Blood a New Yorker and FDr. VWonder replaces rir Jo-' !~
lomnan Calhole Priest of the Montfort order here for two week February 9... Do y o the Toronto Globe andA. Floyd who. after closL' w
f.- helt picking up.Tourist ads... -Donminican's Dandy Diplomat Po ,firio t 'o .ears in Haiti, retuI' t .
f'r.',his health flew to Port de Paix Saturday. He believe he will
..,:. e Rnbirosa spent 13th in town looking around between planes .vith Washington.
-A.Jin H.iiti a year... Former Cabinet Minister Mauclair Zel.-%hii,
,- r C I its gorgious French blonde wife Odile he packed up his ;.,i.-d -
-.is~t the Canape Veril hospital in a critical state of health,. hllie MIr Floy.d is a gradua[h o0 1
bottle of Bois... Carol Madsen (Mrs Philip Germain) and daughter Boston University and ha; a
.Barkers of the British Embassy are back from three months home
in Engan returned to Paris after two months visit with her paren the masters degree from the i\dl.-
leave in England packing up for their -new post-Tangiers North "
Otto Madsens... Fosy Laham is.out of College Rue du Centre... lebury College. He attended the
Africa... Axel Madsen was up from Jaenmel with a news ot the University of Dijon in France -"
disCvery of a long sous-terrain hole near the Western tow'v.. and the Universidad Nacional '.
The first Trading Post (Indian Super-Market where gold wen' ____de Colombia. He has served in -
SCuBinational Centers ina. Columbsta Rc.
can Expedition near Port de Paix... Coand Turkba y Mr. Floyd is ta [ic- .' ':
No serious incidents were registered during three-day Mardi r mer university French and S-
.Gr.s except several "corpsa-'corps" at B.zoton and C'roix des Mn;s- t ::sh tc yccher.
.sio'lb... Roger Coster of the Gingerbread Palace fame has orcned O..YOU c n t k
cp combination restauranit-gitshop-art gallery in St. Thomas in *
the Virgil Islands. He is plugging Haitian cllIture and cuisine... A: advantage of T O IAMAICAN
credit of 6,656.0- gourdes has been 'made available to purchase Iadvantage TWO A AICAN
an auto for our ambassador to, Senegal... tiny Durand, diplomed :- TEENAGERS W N
-:"i Financial Science and Economics from Paris University has *
.replaced Dr Joseph Chatelain as professor at the National Sc'ool : MARDI GRAS
of. International. Higher Studies... 1U.S. Airforce Attache l.t.Culohne: *
E. E. Curran flew in from his C a ra ca s residence Wr'ines- TRIP TO HAITI
day for onre of his periodic visits... Home week at the Jeaa, B.; W orldide sho T Jamaican dlnein.' n
_,Richardot Villa on the Lyles Estate in Desprez with both the W' s o p n T I iiid sho ppie oJii (i
United Nation's Representativ'e's mother:-and his wife's mlher F EE Gras as a p .i:e :-iv. ll t,,
-.isiting,'Mis Margret Richardot of Manhattan and aMrs -.iRh.ard at R P RT I prices by the Jamaican
'Tue'ker of New Bedford Mass both elated with their Haiti sejourn... a Corporation.
Belgium Consul and Port au Prince businessman George Naude w ie yo re in a t at
Patricia Reynolds and ;,,dfrev 4
auimounced'.the birth of a new. granddaughter in Pittsburgh this: Blair came to HaRli alter Iing 'I
week. Isabelle is the third child of his daughter lita who Lives i For example. if you live in New York, you can voted the most popular .1 i d .
^ the States with her Television executive husband... Madame "Da" buy JOHNNIE WALKER RED LABEL boy by teenagers through 1a Lta
? (d'Adesky). having traversed the Atlantic in the Aitilles is in-7 o dio program "Teenage D-rice
.route to visit her daughter Chaiital-studing Mediine in Malrid.. for e Party' sponsored daily tl.e
t Elki9 Loenkie.has; moved his Household appliance business icrss ; delivered at our brokers New York warehouse Jamaican Broadcastng Crur-,r
le.hasmoved his Household appliance business cro tion by the firm of Bar.a- MNL' c.
heRue Pavee to the Shasa Show-rooms...--Bridge and Cana.st; a tors of Kingston.
Sddics are overjoed w-th the return from Caracas of Anne hKn for $3 40
n edy of Diquini chalet... Forty4onu r Haitian workers who, delivered in your home The a oting look place at .i" '
'i ^- r -annual Christmas BaWl at-d %vihl
W'vere.... fired. from. the Greeir Groves Farm delayed their olanc:* ners Patriscia and Blanp \p,,.
departure from the Bahamas Island with a dispute that caupd If you live in New Jersey, Illinois, Connecticut,
e a given a free trip to Halit ..-., Ilr. -
-; the aircraft to land at Bowen Field at 8:30pm. With a full ..oon: Massachusetts, Idaho, North Dakota; West :i. _
and. a Virginia, or the District of Columbia, A prize. During their stn h,."
,-and a prayer the British -pilot -brought the big bird into a safe Virgini or the District of they were chaperoned by i
ca \Whyte the Prot: ramn..i n,-,s. .1
:~ landing without-so much as denting one of tile oil ba.rrels... J.-an or.S3 40 delivered in your home ca he the Pro n
for'evere in your ome astant. Dance professor I.rvIln.. *
Claude Armand -'f Rug .and Haitian hand woven material fant' Wliams helped to l "U ,,' .
, ; is back from a tour of the other islands investigating tile -mrrket 0 young teenagers around d'ini i
Spossibilities... Edmond Khouil return to the U.S. last weeK e:ter* s their sejourn. They relul'idl i.-
-post-graduate course in the Sandstone College on the RL:. du NO LUGGING Jamaca Thursday.
-Centre... bargain. at La Belle Creole are cashmere sweates ________-,
marked down from-$20 to $10... Albert Daalani returned to Port NO OVERWEIGHT AN -
.c\ver, the weekend from attending the fUneral rites in Miami of CANADIAN
-,lis Step-mother... General Millien Cator kept company with old -PO IT-ICA
friends, Mr and Mrs James i. Maitas and Mr and Mrs Rembert NOCUSTOMS PROBLEMS POLITICAL
Wurlitzer who came to town for Mardi Gras. Haiti Holiday Tours': a
planned their sightseein... Le Perchoir restaurant observes a de.REPORTER CALLS
'ade at the service of local andforeign gourmands and gourne Robert MaDoal, a dl
-fR obee rg f M a t hemo rna l Tan dl .4':
this month... Salomon (Monelto) Khouri son of Mr and Mrs Khouri f While you're in Haiti, come to La Belle Creole and reporter from the ToroaTn a Tcle, -
Q.of Cap Haitien married American Cynthia Weinberg at El Pouarce inquire about this convenient service. graph visited Port all Frin ce..
S-Interconftnental Hotel in Puerto Rico Feb Ist... Mrs Albert Wiener When you get back home, you may request a over the weekend. The tall Cana-
returned from a visit to the States last week. The George e Information from-- dian is doing a brief ies ai oil
akn Haiti politics and economy and a ;
hohave taken a bungalow in Willy LaMothe village reed from the : Rpresentatives of La Belle Creole other South American cotnltres.
hotel and tourism... Willy Coq of. Gonaives declared in the press 366 Broadway Fresh from reporting on Ite Sail- -
4-lwthis week while awaiting a divorce he is not responsible for hs : Now York 1V, N. Y. in Msria .lrom Rccifre Bra7il. -
Sacts M icDonald wa s shorwvl:,.
.ife's acts or an tions... La Belle Creole's WORLD-WIDE SHOPPING Mirund -i Lteien B snn e o w it
ranspianted New Yorker Tony Shindler is perhaps te only AT F T c
10 to onlo e n AT FREE PORT PRICES S le-Hahti. lie was lodged at :he-
igean to become president of TI Ta To the Mardi Gras hund. :,, 66666066666666,0896 ,.6906969 .s 6 8 6a Villa Creole.


"' t'..- .;"; ..... ..
', -.-., .... .: ; s,-*.'-' '









"HAITI S "


Sunday February '1th,, 196L


Washinglon--T'A co igr. nie
ar;IFcd SuId.a. thitt Ihe pr[ upl.-
of Latin AmeriLa mayfi be rcx-
pectrng to'.i much Ifmanc'll help
from the Kc nnc-dc' adm;rnlstra-
tion.

"\\eL r..l.-d l that some of tihe
people are thlking in tc ins oi
an :isslistince program of IIe
ni.age iildtiu' of UI; '. a r h a I I
Plan said Rieps armistice e I
Sceden. iD., Ala.,I and Dirilh
B F'asccell. ID, Fli.i w:,, tijur--
edl Latin \mericai la.s i f0l.

InI : report to the Hoiusle tlhe-
said they fo-ud l ide spread
good %ill for the erimed. ad-
ninistration, Bil they cautioned
agamst the hazard involvt-d in
a failure to "live up to soaring
Latin Amierican hopes."

Fasi(.l .and Sc 1el n l% h Ii
0' u1111 11111i i f It c [lni.se i ; I ,
alfin rs s.ub conmilttle ,:'n I-.tiii
,', nit- iri c .i. il tht "r rushing
(I.sllltomiusi i ti- coId lte i.d to
ld'-p jiiI rnicss "

Thi-i, kd il'd L hit releon nih;g
I.; i .lL'ert;- aIbl) _,oyri anh-.: )ffi.
ci.l '.; .., ii -. a ', 'tc' .1 i '; ? I '.i S .
d1uil.ir !i u1i. tile., four I l' rgc
I. [rfI.[1 i,)I .s rf d-t. -i-n itI I I'd
r''O'-1 l lil


SIn personal coinvrclc'.!.iir :ald .Ot:i u..derstilading of the Lnil-
public statements. v.c mad edI Stales.
rver.y effort to dis-iraul. them TThe' also urged Ihat 'e.'er.,
from unreasonable ex. pe c I a- client be made to lispel the La-
lions," the congicrslmen repoit- tin American feeling that LU.S.
ed. leadership is equivalent t. i.l.S
domination."
The:,' said that in tCI.':r opi-
ion a Marshall Plan type ,t1 pl ; Theyc suggested that the .i'.'-
g.i m for Lntin A-neriea iw' dl oemirieil emphasize to U S. r.*-p.
Se 'iiire-alisic." They added: r.:entlt.cvs in Latin A\mri'i"a
'V.e ::rc coallncel that mn'1s-:-.- .e.r importance in thl,- ron'


.'e Inf:isioiS of c;piita:l into L.-
tin Animica are not on!v I'. u.i'
.Inr c tpa:city to supr 3 t ha .
also be.,ond that re1.gl.i Ip'-
se:it capacity to ab-orb "l

Both recommcndee. a series on
step- designed to imrproe irla-
t.ons between the United Slta.l.
and i!s henlispherice ;:'e: .lil rs.
Tie,:, said that '"i hei-- r*:'.
n rs r ile- by repreos'.sle riia--u
rcs. tlt: United Srites sh..lbi
adIneic to a police o fotmnial
cdhpon]intic cortCes\'. l1u i,% r'.
i' C Iu'lusVce,. undie- cr+.dlIIty.V
S'.ca. has been inisrcprsenterd
anri hais assumed a p r lotiid,
-.,mholic meaning in .atin .-\Ami-
rica

.\Amng other steps, they :-a.l
i s : ml.ris.sadois in Lati' Aniic-
c( s!-io'lld acceler ite !;e-' ( f-
foits to bring about a mor' tho.


11: oc thie very r'a:-l cnd \%da
..th tI: Soviet Union."


PANAMA LINE PANAMIA
CANAL COMPANY

'The SS "'Ancon" of the Paiia-
ma Line will arrie from ",\'.
York at; 7:00 arri Februnr.' 21slt.

Th.', folioh.'win pcsE-engeis w.:l-
ditemirl.i.k at Porl au Pr:iic.:
Ni- & Mlrs Ernest Br.idage,.
!r & lMrs Louis Des C-;net3,
Miis Thomas Des Mule V, three
,'idn 6, ". 2 mos.. lMr & Mis
Pauil Dtltuart:,', M" Ca-oil F.
MlaJiuy, I\l & Mis Worral F.
iMoutitin. Mr &.Mrs H Nov'ck.
Mi & 'lsi H.:. R;.Parl;er, .Mr
Mrcs Heibe.Ol: irkl-, i r Y. Mis'i
Gcrtiue .\. Stclson M-s J;.;-
:. StiofIg.


IvJr< Au- nilk HAITI.W.1.
: U P TAL Bidg



OF EXQUISITE OF SELECTED
I Desiqns 1 iI"PIR ush
AND SUPERB ___ AND FAMOUS
SQualitij. olse s oods an do Sisal.
r ,oArIo PUE -act c iu e Stpre5't U... PHONE: 2684
I I r -


Latins Expert More Aid Than Planned,
Lawmakers Warn


l.lili's "Gingerbread Palace" and famed hnsih ',r-i Ihe Grand lintel Oloffson, show plua r I
1! litinl areliiltelure, exquisite cuisine and coutnci '-,:1l iiir.. Set nnnion a myriad -of tropical trees
nuil gardens the Oloffson. complete ilh mniinrii iir poiol. is the hailen for the uninhibited and (he-
ePrca for lhe Caribbnean tourist


Wow



'Bamboche Creole


lb At The Grand Hotel Oloffson



EVERY MONDAY NIGH r


Time: 10:31) p. m.

I',trarce $26U0 C Dancirg with I'I


DINNER STARTS AT 8prn.

RESERVATIONS ACCEPTED


\(.E 18


Modern haitiaen'
Paintings

B* MAX PINCHING AT
On Show Now-At -'
GALERIE-" PINCHINAT
105, BOIS VERNA
Just before you reach the "PONT MORIN" bridge
This is an ART GALLERY, not a picture shop, ex--.
hibiting over 100 of the most attractive FRAMED
PAINTINGS made both in Port au Prince and Paris by
FAMOUS HAITIAN PAINTER MAX PINCHINAT
Iow in France.
The artist WHO HAS EXHIBITED BOTH HERE
AND ABROAD for the past 15 years, comes back to
Haiti every five years and fur 15 to 18 months renews
the contact with his people and his source of inspira-
tion.
In the GALLERY PINCHINAT are grouped
some paintings of the 15 years of work by MAX PIN-
CHINAT, from 1945 to 1960. Prices have not been ar-
bitrarily based on beauty of the painting, but on its
size, jusl like Paris Fashion for MAX PINCIIINAT
-ind OTIER WELL KNOWN ARTISTS. Visitors can-
consult the paintings price list if they wish to.
All the taxi drivers know GALLERY PINCHINAT
AND don't let anybody tell you that the GALLERY is
closed. It is not.
The GALLERY PINCHINAT, sole represen-
tatite and sales agent of PINCHINAT's paintings, has
exhibited a few samples only at "Foyer des Arts Plas
"iques", "Galerie Brochette" and Galerie Suisse".
Open from 10 AM to 5 PM, and on appointment in
the evening. ADMISSION FREE.





LCP-HRTIEN AND THE CITADEL
ONE WAY BY PLANE ,ONE WAY BY LIMOUSINE
ALL
S. L .- INCLUDED
Sr OPERATED BiY IdFstoPIT.rETOUs
AVENUE PAN AMERICAINE
-I PETION-YILLE .,HAITI
S P.O.BOX 32 .Phone: 7761
Jim a.-


.: -. a; ~; ~-~ j~~--~-~~ :~~~
; X '.'~'c: ~


i. .








,Sunday February 19th, 1961


New U. S. Emb
Specialist 0

Char!es William Thomas a one bas:,;
rime U.S. political analyst for ')uhl i
France and an advisor on Afri- latti d
can affairs has replaced For- ment i
rest Abbuhl here as U.S. Em-
NIMr
-doplec
Former jigh U.S. Govt :d bc
C i:-a l' Here on Yacht )ar of
,Ce.l., .-Coad Smith- former
Ass'.tar.t Secretary of State and His
dl relor of tie Pohc.y planning .nents-
staff is visiting Port on the yacht
S'Rara'" %ith his wife The
Smnith's are interested in the Su-
ga .Industry. They plan to re-
turn to the U.S. by air while the
yacht proceeds to Puerto Rico.


U. S.'Visa Trouble
Solved
The U.S. Embassy began is-
eing non-immigrant v isa s
gain to the U.S. this, week fol-
lofwing the Haitiangovernments
raving rp~.i ent, of return-
i,;ig Hautians to first obtain a
'.isa -in Haitian consulates in The"
U.S. The departure and rettun
-isa. stamped in passports prior / -
1o leaving Hat!i. fitllfill U.S.: Im- I
migration laW: requirements.


In asi This Week
-Joted iter.-Lester Velie. also -
h roving ~o r f'or Readers:Dl-
gest is 4fing-here .this week
in compai:-with his wife. Les-
ter is the=' lebrated author of '
many bo.S -'- ;
-Elizabei l ig is back
"Wgain. Scn h er -
riend l o
laiti sh"e I.
iitli ti im he .lad
,es are el
ian' Sou -




-Do t The


















A.
/ -'
...... X.

'RINI



S' AGENTS


Hispano-America
69

o, ,' t


.*" ;- -.. ,' .- .,,, ..? r'-. :*. *- *; -; -. ; -, .
.;;= .,, -' .- .* ., : ." -- .. .
._ : ^^


.. H : I C-' "


1,-I S I


assy Second :Secretary
In France And Africa


Second Secretary. Mr Abl-
s- n.ow in -charge of the
lesk at the State Depart-
n Washington.

Thomas, born in Texas.
i Illinois at an early age
'c-r'm a -member of the
that state.


Tangiers. Accra and Monro.'ia
For the past four years at the
Department of State- in Wash-
ington he was on the Moroccan
affairs desk and for a time po
litical analyst for Frince. He
attended the fifteenth U.N. Ge-
neral Assembly as an advisor
on' African affairs.. Fluent i.
French and single Mr T'omsni


for!gni service appoint- is presently stopping at the Cas-
ha\% included Morocco, telhaiti hotel.


est :InI t4 FtiorL YYour Baby

d- T UThe Faniy -


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PA(;GE 19


EVER' NIGHT IS A
WONDERFUL.
NIGHT AT EL IANCI! l
'THE PLACE TO-MEET

OF YOTIR FIIEND.
-Monday Festive Barlrc!e' .\i,
SRevue Intime
TUESDAY -A Special Floor
Show
WEDNESDAY Feature Eilert-
ainment
THURSDAY "Night Of L_\ov-.
liness" Fashinn Shou
FRIDAY "Env & Erni-.'," s.-"
cial )an-ce P;irt) l''ili '1,::
Petite -I',"
T,-.Tl RTTDAY 'I I.,:.,! -' ...
C('l h W ith (-.".!.I Fhi,,r "'i.i .
,lrNDAY Orrll.fr ( 1.,MI
4nd C:-ipe b'ril


REDUCED
SEA-AIR FARES
10% reduction from one-way
Steamer fares when usedwith
air transportation in opposite
direction. Steamer baggage
allowance 250 Ibs.


Modern American-Flagship .rv-
ice and Comfort. All cabins aie
outside with private batfi. AnJid
ship air conditioned Dining Salon
accommodates all passengers at
one sitting. Open air tiled Swim-
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deck plus 8.000 sq. ft of out-
door sports deck. Beautiful
lounges, Cocktail-Bar, movies,
dancing.


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PANAM Ar/amYlp* LINE
RUE ABRAHAM LINCOLN TEL 3062


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--------


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-- r. .r r -a r.'Y i~7 7 1W r K. .- ~ ~ r ~ -


"HAITI SUN"


Sunday February 19th, 1981


ANNIE BORN AND RORO CREPSAC
WED IN PUERTO RICO


Receiving nuptial benediction in Cathedral Perpetuel Secours,
Saturce. Puerto Rico are Annie Borno and Fernand (Roro) ('rcpsat
Jr. bo'h of Petionville. The daughter of Mr and Mrs Henri Borno
and granddaughter of late President of Ilaili Louis Bornu wai
married to Roro ('.epsac son of Ferrand (reos:l' f .ir .m 'M11.
of Poil an Prince. by Rev. Father Alsblnck. Mrs Richard .A. Or-,
sina sinas matron of honor while be'liltum %.isN the b:-.:f'b af.illie
Mr He.tri Borno. Among the wituessbe., iere Madainme \'e Alfred
.;PIx. the groom's aunty, Mrs Christine Bolellou, Ciulsl Il'ri;an
Crepsnc, Haiti's Consul General in Puerto Rico Mr Henri Nelson,
David Bigio and lMax Reiher. Following their hmine.,nmoon in the
Monta.nme No re ihhere an archilerlural nonuder proidlces -
perpel-'al moon sh ning on a mountain lake the young g couple
took ulp residep in San Juan where lhci are both a, I ,I.l.


TELE-HAITI WEEKLY SCHEDULE
.MOND.1l FEBi;;lUAY 20. 1961
G-0.0-Tes. l idt'r., Music iRecoiv':' C('jalm.;al P..n Ii
7:0--L'.emn, tc e mal program scllrd 'L
7.03-\.r tiher Rieport
7.06-C;ldrn i,.s rrogran: Cartoon:s
7. 15-Tee 0rcs II t edition Re mie- ol Ltie laj s .'I
.:iO--'"'!e Frainke Laine Show'.' sl:o trai d I "Bi''nq ie Comn-
r-iprci: .'c d'Hiiti"
S.rj--Tlie United Shoe Association SA the most muilecn shoe
[..c!oirs in the Caribbean prei its ii. piogltin: '"li ,'wa.s
FPtrol" starring Broderick Clairord
b.0--Tele,:ew-% iJnd edition Sunmm r. ol the late r.cv\ i..se:i-
tcd hy ti'e Esso Reporter
P.05--Th eVoice of Firestone presents "[\' Conceit II.ai 'aO-
rain sponrsured by the Firestone Interamerican Co.
3:5--Celcbrities in Literature & Alt
li.0--Close of program National Anthem
TUESDAY FEBRUARY 21, 1961
6:00-Test pattern Music (Recordi
Studio Cai.iaval Parade
7.00-E ening general program schedule
7:' -\VWe.lthle Report
7 '0--Cu!die:i's progiain: a, A cnldid 'is '.toy'; bi C'nIlnous;
LI A Weitern
i .--Te:i re' .- l [t editluni Rev[ie' ti e da.v's eal:-
S 00--'Tc!eciineula
tI. Ut--:scho Kppt.lcr
P I-- r nemr' (Cont'd)
IG (,'-<.j I, of :r-ogram National Anthem


Declaration Of
President Duvalier
(Continued from page I)
mited role in the Congolese si-
tuation, and that the efficient
solutionn to the problems, typic.
I of new nations, can only he
broughtt about by true Congol-
.se patriots. My belief has al-
.ays been that international or-
;anizations can certainly help
toppe and governments, but in
:et, only those people and those
ovcrnnments alone can conceive
rd apply proper solutions to
irir Country's problems.

My mnost earnest wish is that
he nob:e Congolese people, ith
e genius of the race, can con-
Anie their struggle for liberty
S:d national independence.


HAITI BRIDGE TEAM-PREPARE
TO MEET JAMAICANS

Se'ccton matches for n ia Lem nament for the H1-ilian Bridge
o face six top Jamnicar. bri,'le Association is expected t1 fur-
layers in April were be-u'jn .t other raise interest in bridge
'e Bellevue Club \'Wreicsd.ay playing here. The six Jamai-in
evening, players will travel along wit'
The second in:ern do-a:l totir- a non-plaing Capitain.

A CUBAN D.A. JAILED HERE


(Co itlin el I ',l .i m "r c I
pirme Coirt of Cubht he eSx-
tli dl 'ie used th' p.i wprt tL,
ee h.s homeland.
A v.omian identl!:c.l i-. .I ii.,
Mlac'iado. res:deill in ir !.ni.
Florida had joined him in Jam.
a:ca for the purpoe of identi-
.ying him.
The Cuban ref[ 'ee's father


s' s said to be Dr Deli', Silvta
\ o had the distinction bf irid,
t'e t.rst Supreme Cort! ir,';e
o slerl by the revolutionary go-
vernment of Dr Filel Castro.

Some ten Cuban r2fig'es
weCe permitted to 'cave Intern-
meni and depart or lanmaica
rhis past week.


r-SSENo0EQ fOH( PORT Edm ,wT fS,
.Thae comfort, service, and cuisine -aboard the DC-7C'
aircraft were absolutely outstanding and the
passenger receives 'that little bit extra' by way of
the personal touch an the KLM service which makes
a trip.byKLM such a happy experience....


Thise;ract r is rom an urtllcted I
A photocopy can be obtained front KI .
SOept. LE, The Hague, The NetherlgM '

,


S Photograph taken on bo. .. .LM DC-8 flight.
On the ground and in the air,KLM keeps people happy. The secret is,KLM service.
Answering the traveler's every whim ... wining and dining him in the grand
manner .. tending to his comfort all the way. In short, the kind of serv-
ice that could only come from forty years of pleasing passengers. See 4
ry woIe
for yourself! See your travel agent or call your nearest KLM office.


KLM Sincerelviyoiyjj


FAMOUS SHOES


THE WORLDFOR EVERY OCCASION


i'A(IE .'




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