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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00015023/00001
 Material Information
Title: Haiti sun
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 46-47 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: R. Cheney, Jr.
Place of Publication: Port-au-Prince, Haiti
 Subjects
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Haiti -- Port-au-Prince
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began Sept. 1950.
General Note: "The Haitian English language newspaper."
 Record Information
Source Institution: Duke University Libraries
Holding Location: Duke University Libraries
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 32441147
lccn - sn 95058138
ocm32441147
Classification: lcc - Newspaper 2117
System ID: AA00015023:00291

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pR1T.AU. ..'.s: p"'- eu 0r b-M a .e- .rea-np .- ca' DUMAM JOSTIE .Phone 2061 Vol XIV Sundiy, December iibt, 196f No. S


NAITI NEWO UEEN


o'uncet 'oi' Judging At Casino
I PAM . ~.


T. onigLg r


BY 4 GOALS TO 2
tCzechoslovakia's fast moving
soccer 11 Ruda Hvezda. 'proved
too strong for Port au, Prince's
Algle Noir team Wednesday
night and romped home for a
four. goals to two victory.
- Playing before a cro w d of
around, 5,000 fans at -the Stadiumi
Sylvio Cator, the blue and white
clad Czech soccer team literally.
pn rin around the Haitian
team in a match that constantly
moved from one end of the'
field to the other. '

Heavier built that the Aigle
Noir team, the Czechoslovakians
made up for their slower speed
with. skilled ball control and so-
lid -tean work. Speedy 'with- the'
ball the Haitian players tended
to keep the ball too themselves,
action which several times. lost
the i,,h6.tS t, e -t

A short hard kick at Haiti's
goal shortly before half-time put
the Czech team one up- on 'the
score card and within 10 minu-
tes of .commencement of the se-'
.cond half a penalty against, the .-
visitors enabled Aigle Noir
equalize. Score 1-1.
S9,..
Not sto be outdone the Czech ;
slovokin front line -scooped the -
(Continued on page 15) Najela Hakime, one ait the popular candidates competing tonight.



ECONOMIC OUTLOOK FOR 1961

Coffee Yied Will Decree Fiscal Year's Fate


Children Must
Attend School


Obligatory Decree
Issued To Parents
DECREE
Dr FRANCOIS DUVALIER
President of the Republic

In view of Articles 61, 161 and
166 of the Constitution;
Considering that the family is
the fundamental basis of society
and must be protected by the
State, that establishes the laws
and the necessary dispositions
and that give a better situation
4ar the -protectiomrof- ot- hiffe; -'
Considering that the State
must protect not only physical
health and the morals of minors,
but that it must also guarantee
the right of education, the for-
mation of the youth constitutes
an essential attribution of the
State which organizes the edu-
cation system;
Considering that the State en-
sures free basic education and
also contributes to secondary
and University education by the
expenses, subvention of the es-
tablishments, official, private,
congregational and national;
On the report of the Secreta-
ries of State of National Educa-
tion, Justice, Finance and For-
eign Affairs:
DECREE:
Article 1.-Every father and


FINAL SELECTION -OF
MISS HAITI '61
A four member judging panel
will select "Miss Haiti 1961"
from 12 candidates competing
for the beauty title at the In-
ternational Casino on Harry S.
Truman Boulevard tonight.
For over two months, on each
Sunday evening, hundreds of
Port au Princiens have gathered
at the Hotel Beau Rivage's "Lu-
xony Night Club" to applaud the
succession of young Haitian
beauties competing for the Miss
Haiti Title.
The lucky winner of the corm-
petition, won last year by Clau-
dinette Fouchard, will compete,
as Haiti's representative, at the
competition for the selection of
the "Sugar Cane Queen of The
World" to be held in Call, Co-
.lombia early nie-f yer.: Claudi-.'
nette Fouchard brought this title
home with her from Colombia
this year.
Contestants for this year's tit-"
le of Miss. Haiti have gathered
in the Capital from all sectors
of the Republic, including Cap
Haitian and Aux Cayes, and the"
(Continued on page 4)


Jecree Governing
SWork
DECREE: Article 1.-Any
functionary or employee of an
administration public or private,
business or industry must be at
his office, shop or industrial es-. -
tablishment during the regular
hours of the work day.
Article 2.-Any functionary ..


mother and all persons respon- and employee of an administra-
Hopes are being held that the .The fate 'of last year's crop: early in the year (January- sible for the education and the tion public or private of any
Coee crop, for the fiscal year was sealed by.severe wet weathJ March 1960) bought the estimat-' formation of a minor has an ob- description, of commerce and in-
1961 2 -ill be better that this er in Janilary and.Miareh. Haiti's ed crop figures down even lower ligation to send them to school. dustry who is absent from work
yeW r t:boIr du-odction. Al Jot,de Cott6n, and Mango proliuction to 17,000 metric tons with a va- Article 2.-If it is ascertained without an authorization of his
ends n. t 3.iaD.. t. of. SpiQng V offered at the same time. (Th lue of only 12,000,000 dollars (es- by the authorities in charge of responsible hierarchic chief will
ras. Oe.,.-;...- fe.rp c aes in the inark timnated) a drop of nine mil- the protection of minors that a be dismissed.
S."'fliom Odtobe' through .t lion dollars on the previous fis- child, no matter what sex and Article 3.-Any functionary or
P H cal year's total of 28.5 thousand no matter what social condition, employee of an administration
r.L f To elie .?C jI bietric tons .valued at 21.3 mil- has not attended school through public or private of a bank, .6f
.. aes Troeller pe,' ," ..y .ipwpotnce. of the; lion dollars. negligence or neglect of father, commerce or industry who aban-m
St f th coffee crop to I.ai annual Haiti's new cofee crop is co- Continued on page 16) (Continued on page .I),
sl e tour of the d- bu t I seei a c ing. onto the market now and
.try, inludinf Cap Haitian and. pariTon o Ctl cal yes. 1t95 a inacations are that it will .
Cheu Artlbolte .i being made by 60 and 19606 the or te be small. The. success or failure PROMOTION OF 49 ARMY OFFICERS:
Charles 4'rotller,.Leembourg cal year this country ported depends on, the extent of the '
born writer:& i.ait: for material 28.5 1000's of m'etrie tehs ~f ng Spring rains. Good:
or ea litcal ~nd rave book fee valued at 213 million dol- or tbad year, Haiti cannot hope By commission of His Excel- Yves Chain, Max Deetjen, Leon
on "the Caribbea, a.ea. lars. The latter fiscal year pro-. to approach, for many years, the lency Dr. Francois Duvalier the Colon.
s wioel m ved to be- a bad one for two tearkable export figures held following promotions within the To .grade. of )ajot:
,ons: .hea and daag- y tis&utit! 'for coffee inhe Haitian Army have been po- MM. CaQp .n Roger
,ag... .tu .3. 'Ing rains,,hd the 'tact-'mt tih:& 37.5 'tho's- claimed: Marcel Cheisbin, Rene Ia :t
. Cet nd TelYycle of affee jneally reans and met:d' -raInpually. f To grade of Colonel: Roger- 'St. Albin, Jean sBeau
otlh. he and T, a.'o patterl -of, oe. l. on oer Pas er Loche Roger
ol d fr4 so Rog er' followedd the next year by a de. Drig ttl s. E; MM. Lt-Colonels hogrLr Tfihie, 'ah6steckere-.l' Roget
'Cha, ] tr '! fetr~iet"dtiri theclne. l crop."1960-bM was the year H25%i0 tags 91 Lecest e Prosper, Max Alexis. Ion. .
W..ar rs 193k. :-Th .r T %P p f p from t To grade of LieutenanVColonel: T:grade of Captain -
.w.r.,ars; a a..SJ,..^n .r.'.ia poor crop. .., ... i
,".n4.0. .it was the turn o v e brught..he M Mj -Lioe1 d M. UMeut.-
oUe. -..t.. s ,,- it *as _,
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PAG 2 ttm-~ w w Sudy Decmbe '18t#. 1660.-2 /
wieThe Riviera hasrauctsweekly ,o-Aa h
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byteowd 'Creoleam buft Hollad Amei ho

Deal,~~1' New Jese and 0e:&mead
and the exciting orchestra of the
Riviera. Sunday is' very: special ByMAX. PINCH NA T
AS RECOUNTED a the Riviera. The biggest OnShow ow At
crod Agets" together' there after LERIEfHlC I
the show of the open air theater. 106, BOIS VERNA


AUBELIN JOLICOEUR rented on all the chic girls This is an ART GALLEAY; not a picture sh .
of the beauty contest were there hibiting over 100 of. the most attractive
lasut Sunday in company with the
Minstr o TurimMr icorPAINTING& made bohin Pdrt an Prince and,1
-Dr. Ivan K. Goldberg, a Psychiatrist from New Yo Nver Constant and his wife, FAMOUS AITIAN PAIN ER MAX'IN
charming wife, the former Judy Ross, a Ph. D. arrived Tuesday a
by the Rotterdam Holland America Line on a cruise through Mr Jean Jacques Honorat and The Artist WHO HAS EXHIBITED BOTH
the Caribbean. Ivan and Judy are very good friends of Haiit. This his wife. And the -expenses of AND ABROAD for the p t 15 years, comes b
couple have introduced to aiti Mr. Ira Warner, a C.P:A. from th guests were complimentary. 1






Haitisionate fiv thes~ forrihi Iacue ton 18Donhsreew
Deal, New Jersey and wife Corynne and architect Benjamin S. -Loely da Canasta, -a ta- II







lented fasio designed fro warm contactfr th witian hioiklere.l and Us sure f nsi
Sheinwall from Boston, Mass. New Yor visited Haiti last year tion.
Also onboard of the Rotterdam Mr. David Gilbert; a retalier inas guest of the Abramovitz in
ladies wear from Silver Spring Md. and his wife, Harvey_ Siegel company with famous designer In t GALLERY PINCHINAT are gr
a C.P.A. from Elgin, Illinois and wife Helen and Jerry and Rene dn Sio And it is a some paintings of the 15 years of work by MA
Schwartz from New York City. w and-hus theyhare CHINAT, from 1945 6' 1060. Prices have not be
Sunday arriving here on a swing through the Caribbeo an in ati this te They were
Sunayarrvig ereona win trogh heCaibbanlmarried last October, but it is bitrarily, based on beauty of the painting, -bu n t
French Industrialist Jacques Lasry from Rabbat and beauti- only now they could get away size, just like. PrlS Fashion foi MAX PINOI
i.il blonde wife Danielle from Cassablanca. Married on November for their honeymoon. Adda arri- and OT ER.WELL KNOWN ARTISTS. Visitor a
i1 in Cassablanca, they are honeymooning Jacques and Danielle ved here Thursday and will be Consult the paintings price list if they wish to.
decided to visit Haiti after seeing the film made on Haiti by .oine at the Abramovitz Villa All the isod drivers know GALLERY PING
Marcel Isy Schwartz, eight years ago. This film showed the splen- Gi G Morne by husband Sid- AND)lont I anybody tell you that the GALLE
dour of the Haitian corals and the life in Haiti, Jacques is a pas- -Stockbroker Sandford C. Bern- 08d It S.
















-Stokbr er dsd.r iCa Brn1
sionate of the spearfishing. Jacques 'and Danielle have met with stein of OPPENHEIMER & Co. The .-GAL ER g PINCHI NA S r
Fierre d'Adesky and went to stay at the Kyona Beach. In towi (Members of the New York tativi6andsales utei PINCHINAT's-aind
they were guests at the Oloffson lotel. Danielle is fine dancer, ,Stock Exchange arrived here ihited a m Pi
she shows a warm interest for the. Haitian folklore. She took some Weednesday with stunning blonde tiques", "Galerie Brochette" and Galerie
lessons from Lavinia Williams to enable her to show the dance wecmmen hey h rv been
to Cassablanca. rienne Gurevitz, former Adrien- he evening. APMISSION, FREE.'
-The Riviera Hotel is back in the spotlight with its new Mana- ne d'Ennery Dejoie, wife of pro-
ger, M. Martin, Vice-President of the International Hotel Deve- niitent Psychiatr'ist Sul Gu
1 pping Corporation which just bought the largest Hotel of Haiti. vitz from New York. Adrienne
is marvelous painter reported
beautiful Michele. Sandy is from
New York and "seduisante" M-
chele is from Normandie and
Panis. They met in Paris
in 1949 when Sandy was an eco-
nomist for the Marshall Plan in
France and Michele was a stud-
ent at Louvre's art school. They
came to New York in 1951 and
Michele did modeling for a
4, House specialized n furs. She
dances like a Terpsichore. Sandy
brilliant young financier, used
his judgement and brain in a
great many entegrises. He is -3
a stockholder in some of the,
largest companies in the world,
including Coca Cola and Olivetti. TH LA[tE T FURN.
PHILCO TROPIC 103 I NATIONAL 6-BAND RADIO They ar current guests at the WHERE: CO FORr MEANs
Listen to the High-Fidelity brilliance of this 'hllco master mod. El Rancho.
el and you'll think you're in the studio, so keen and clear is ever -Ravissante Anita Meinbrg,
programme. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. -Eric7
Meinberg of the Pantaleraft flew
But that's only one of this, modeIs many fine features; oe
smanyar fin fetue;thr
include: Complete short wave and standard broadcast reception E E
on 6 Bands. Fascinating 'long-low' styling fully 2ft. in width is spending e i
with rich walnut finished cabinet. her parents here.
High-Fidelity sound from speaker network of duo-con fr o n t
speaker and dynamic side speaker.
Separate bass and treble audl controls. f Otel

Dont forget the WHITE CMR ITA MyL at, HOZ ELSANS7,SOfJCI on Friday D~eenber 8d.

A trl BIG I" AF A R the', ," Ta "" mo s: A R V "O CH "t "STndENE W YE AR FE ST WIVH ES .',Tl k
presents to 'be won will be piled, incluigte1 0Agi hc will b6e.,raffled. onea l y
50 .0 tickets are being sold -at $5.00 pe r ticket.. ,Cosolation, priz es will follo*..- The' SuppeSr. kfe
FIRESTONE I-NTERAM ERIC A Co, at J.50 Per Person will be goeo With Ae famous, cusine -of the SANS, 19oUC... Don ms
Radio Pleas re meWHITE CHRISTMlAS BALL and reene ti eeftfrteCNE AGUE...- '
Radio Pleasurewonderful evening and help in the fight against CANCERt... Remember December 231rd- at.
NOW ENJOY HI-FI SANS SOUCI the 'WHTE USTMAS BALL





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.onl. :ithb Haiiim Like meist of our and how the natives confound ce. We could not help to admire
to r .ur-etnS...i--..one of llthe .prln- visitors She .could not understand them in their mind sent our pu- and to comment on the strange
pes -eve i, aid w do o~uvsofial pattern, so we did our ritan friend topsy-turvy. The beauty of the mnlti-lateral sy-
oeur --tive up-4o-i. .-best- to explain the simplicity of erotic aspects of the ceremonial metry of o u r enticing littoral
'' -iits i:ealled. complexity. Rose- dances, the hypnotic 'power of spot; we made a frugal provi-
:.-. We met.Rosema ty at- COC: k mary was travelling .to collect the Congo drum, the Rada drum, sion of food and decided to spend "
es taii pate shrfd con- .-miaterials -for her thesis-'on cul- the martinique drum, the Tym- the day at a little beach, which
d-:."s.a .versa iofount. t as es. A:-yo'ung girl who is in- bale and-other ritual instruments Rosemary later called a "terres-
p. n..reSn n .ei tested&in intellectual research- greatly intrigued her. She asked trial paradise" That dimine spot
Sid6cos -.bgir t;'o.6 -oll -lm-ow-" *'t s 'is. generally thought of as us if it was possible for a for- was well protected by a dense
o~. t e t e ete;..S that being in the un-attractive class, eigner to become an initiate. She and exuberant vegetation which
"'.- -i. abre-on-dime sc t me- : so. o s school-teacher type, weas so excited that she could sheltered us from indiscrete
r sng' H _& $ hd h,; .t)asm. homely and. refractory to the scarcely talk. (We told her that eyes. We soon f e I t refreshed,
.tothe ..1on soetl 64ir-i f ."W#io had alls- of Eros. Believe it or not we heard .about several Ameri- cheerful, and were again ready
",.a.b-i iite. tlie.* e .rt-- -.p ipted .Roserary. was nothing like that. can escapees that became vob- to listen to Rosemary's commen-
~ .c heeitelo tak- -" doo practitioners, but we do not taries on what had so far retain-
"g ..-'..I other- Ca"ibk Iyi s- knyeow for sure if they believe in ed her attention and interest in
; : a i sl as she ogi Bloode-, tall, ith blue lachry- if or not.) We tried to answer Haiti.
-ve inten t do.- She- was mo se-eyes,. and a vibrant pers- her questions the best we could. Courage Or Haitian Life
imPressei lt'..wit-her friends- onality -her angel lace could It was almost daylight when "You certainly have a beauLi-
ol he-.about thenatural cilau .cause the damnation of the most we headed back to Port au Prin- (Continued on page 13)
,- i.gtl ddhrdbot its h or pious devout. She was. without
M. e.iits --itf\do, .-".' .doubt a lovely girl. Her colorful BST FOOD IN-TH-ECARIBBEAN!!
t:acia chi arming conversati6n, BEST FOOD--IN THE CARIBBEAN!!!
*:*?:'L'-. ..^ abdut:Jhd' -: -which- she carelessly adorned ^ u r u CHOU COLINE
wh!... .. a ...:--:f HOTEL CHOUCOUNEo
.,- -.':,.."---. --. : with a profusion of poetic ima-
..: -. -.ges, was just enchanting. Her 4 CABANE CHOUCOUNE
musical voice would freeze your 4
.-spine and create in your mind as described in the. TORONTO GLOBE MAIL by
A. dizzying erotic hallucinations. MS ALAINE J. HEINTZMAN who was a guest at
We. .invited Roseniary to a q HOTEL CHOUCOUNE during the month of
Voodoo Veve ceremony that took 4 February 1960:
us some 20 miles outside.of Port q "OUR HOTEL, the Choueoune, was about fIve miles above'
.. au Prince. This sort- of ceremony the city of Petionville. This is the residential section where
starts late in -the evening and houses are modern and the hotels are lavish and comfortable
-finishes early in the morning.
AShe was fascinated by the srin *-nd the food can be highly recommended. The usual meal might
of the Liberia making Veves in 'tart off with a.rum punch mixed with wild honey and lime
the Sand, and the evolutions of 4 uice. The next possibility could be flaming lobster, fried pork
a Voodoo adept after, a. loa or 4vith rice and black mushrooms, and then perhaps a sweet potato
Voodoo god of his predilection mudding. This would all be topped off with a strong black cup
nhas entered his body. (Veves- are of Haitian coffee.
drawings symbolizing the -loas.) q- Aside from hotel night life, .Petionville possesses a night club
Rosemary kept us -busy with4 mique in the West IndIes, the CABANE CHOUCOUNE, a build-
questions on voodooism, the loas, ng of bamboo shaped like an inverted ice-cream cone. The
and fieir respective powers.Se. -xterior looks likethe i hbutin an African village, but The
found some similarities Between terior looks like the chas ht in an can village, b
voodoo and the Greek- M.tholo- .nterlor contains a large, smooth dance flodr whore a good
gy; she was at a loss to under- 4 orchestra plays the usual meringue."
stand why the Roan cathbsorb olic COMPLETE DINNER A LA CARTE: $44
a-hurch did not.absorb or elimi- ( SPECIAL ENTERTAINMENT: .
nate voodooism. The peaceful SoPEC IA L STURDAY EENT
-existance of the two U Hions tIURSDAY & -SATURDAY EVENING,



F1 S HER'S

.-- HAITI'S LARGEST FREE PORT PRICE SHOPS

I r) THE CORNER SHOP. RUE BONNE FOI.

.2) ART & CU1JO SHOP FISHES ACROSS FROM CU
_sro:s


SHOPS AND MAHOGANY F.

;SAVE UP TO 60 Per Cent ON

AND.-BUY HAITIAN HAND.
S(AM. EXPR. AND-l DlN.,is CLUB AOCC


STRAIGHT PROM THE FAC

Sy *.. ON THE RUE DU.QUAI


FACTORY

IMPORTS


IC
PT


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RAFtS
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ORY


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PAGE 4 ." HA T I SUN" Sunday, December 18th, 1900"
,*'''* --- ,^*- l ...... .but" ,n .,ie na n" 'oflcIfS Monty: I H ,iti This Weies o
Sfbut ,.fg... has been officially -Noted Decorator Muriel Shind-
E, made known' to the public as :to ler of the El Rancho' greed
S." .the su-cess, of the money.-rais- at the Boweh Field' .yesterday -
i .-. ng. her. mother Mrs. Beatrice I- ."
(Continued from page 1) such as the malaria eradication In rent hp .re has .n ((ontlned. negt hEitlon) merman. Mrs.Immerman had:ia
total up to the region of 270,000 campaign and a net-workl of self-: b.en c mda lk build- e...fro met gra d
bags. help rural schools. ing hotels a ttel thu- ARM P MOTION daughter Jody, son in law Btn
Despite the bad economic year ghout the. island but. no definate (Continued from page 1) d
expected with the poor coffee It is clear that Haiti's number moves in this direction have 'yet lippe, Emile Wooley, Merciis'Ri- S. a 'r ers.. in n. .. y
crop, Haiti's budget will roughly two foreign exchange earner is been instigated.. Port au Prince, viere, Emmanuel Prophete, Ge- withe daughter Mrelli Shirley. c Frmp
balance at last year's level be- tourism. Tourism is well ahead the capital, has in the past few rard Laroche, Pierre" Joseph; edman, and Attorney. Milton M.
cause of five million dollars of this country's second biggest months undergone a vast clean- Philippe Gerdes, Pierre 'Hyppo- Richmond and wife Edith.
made available as part of an money earning crop sugar. up. campaign in preparation for lite, Tony Pierre, Maurice Cons-
11 million dollar grant to this Tourist figures for the fiscal the forthcoming tourist season, tant, Jean .Rivierer HAITI PICKS
country by the United States re- year 1960-61 are not available- Shops\ have" been repainted and To grade- of Lieutenant: UEEN .
gently. This 11 million grant in- but the Government Tourist Bu- refurbished, the main street, MM. "S-ietitenantsC. (Contlned om page 1)
eludes 5 million dollars in bud- reau has set an estimate of 100,- Boulevard Jean Jacques Dessa- MM. .. S-Lieutenants Edouard
getary support enabling the Hai- 000 visitors. This is an acceler- lines, has been 'given a 1.000,000 Paul, Granvil St. VIIi' Luis Si- interest aroused; by the event
tian Government to continue ated increase from the fiscal dollar reconstruction and sever- mon, AAntoine. Pierre, Bellet La- has resulted in large audiences
making contributions to Intern- year 1958-59, 67,000 tourists with al 'city eye sores, such 'as the faitey, Albxis Kebreau, Ludovic orn"each. selection-.and .presenta-
gtional organizations, the ODVA an estimated expenditure of 6.8 abattoir and open fish market, OCvil, Joseph Thomas, Charles tion night. -
and certain public works. In ad- million dollars, and 1959-60, have been replaced with. modern iierre-Louis, Michel Leveille, The' International Casino, re-
dition 4-.5 million dollars will be 78,000 tourists and a figure of edifices. -. Simoq Dorival, 'Gastot' Moise, cently opened after extensive re-
utilized to realize budgeted items 7.5 million dollars as the esti- Previlon -Noel, *Pradel Louis- decoration, is the-ideal spot for
such as economic development mated expenditure. The Tourist' On the proposed construction C h a-rI e s, Ignace Emmanuel, the big eveht tonight and follow-
programs, including those under- Bureau makes its financial gain of a 10 million dollar jet Airport Louis Caintave,' Leon Frederic, ing the -selectiop of Miss Haiti
way in the Artibonite Valley (ir- figure by calculating an average at Mais Gate, five miles out of Jean -Walta IVaurice, Louis -R. 1961 there will be a grand show-
rigation and agriculture.) Pote 37.50 dollar expenditure each day the Capital city; an American Elie, Jean Marcel Choute, Louis .and dancing to.the music of the
Cole in the North and others per tourist. firm was to have arranged the Charlei. .- Casino-Orchestra.


In PETIIVILIE J PORT-AU-PRIN
a .. 8 '" 'C"* .:,o:-" A a a a a a


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Suday, December 18thi, 1960 i A

-,H T %SU- N
A I T<
THE HAITIAN ENGIjSH'LAlGUAGE NEWSPAPER
Community Weeldy Published, Sunday Morning-
Editor-Pu1blisher BERNARD DIEDERICH
Gera nt-,Responsable MAUCOLAIR LABISIERE ES
MEMBER OF THE INTERAMEIRICAN PRESS. ASSN.
ESTABIUSHED IN 1950 The following press clipping

wa pesntdto the"H~aUit Sun" KERQSEN
THANKS TO. THE GIRLS with the compliments of the Em-
:,To thole b eauteoqs gir% fto bla~ve eompeed in re- bassy of Haiti, Washington, D.C,
cent weeks for the -tikle bf '%flies Haiti, 1961" goes a on December 9, 1960.
land admiration !for eir p k, courtesy I and Pittsburg Courier, Dec. 10
ditb1eu 0omler Dec. F l c. rm e B le u
'Unforitunately there can only be, oe whiner-and thht Haiti Ambassador
Sibe.... Rips %Writer helps
wingr i to e soen this evening. But to those girls RisWrtrlp
who minis out ion the prtnier prize, tonight goes those Washington Enest Bonhom-
oft 1epoated and wise wo&&s "'the reWaltt is not me, Ambassador of Haiti, level- HAITI FIGHT AGAINST EROSION
ain e in wihiing, but in. iting." ied a verbal blast at writer Lyin
ot .(so many ypars-ago a HaitiM gid Would hot be Grossberg for what he termed
a "one-sided, slanderous" attack
seen dlad in public in a bathing suit.ais modesty has 'the administration of Presi-
been overcome ashas been demonstred by e evy dent Duvalier. li Il
of beati girs w.o have been paradigm at the Lx- Mr. Bonhomme disagreed M WE UE o
my night cdlulb in, recent weeks. At -ach, appearance with articles appearing in The
they .have, paia&d in front of ha- audiences,'a panel Courier under the by-line of
~~ Lynn~ Grossberg, which called
of judges and the Loalmeras of Tele-HI-aiti. Ln rsbrwihcle
Haiti a "dictatorship" under the
T Miss Haiti contest, thewhier of which wibe hivalier rule.
seqit to Cahl, Codombia, to pdte in the 'Sugar lane :"'Nobody disputes Miss Gross-
Queen, of the World conte egan with Cadiette berg's right to make a 180-de-
Fouhlard i the world stgatiinninge, lasit yearad agree swerve and turn from Pre-
sldent Duvalier's somewhat em-
this event has now before a.in ytitudtion in Haiti. ien udie'oiehte
Sbarrassing -panegyrist of a few
It is hoped s U business, hb 3 J -lnd there p- months ago, into his most vocal
pTwit to the lcal beauty contest and wil donate prizes and bitterest critic," he said,
otjut to %ew r 'bt to o gi failing to take "but why has she to residrt to
away aop prize; fr this' is an eV to be encouraged untruths and defamation?"
ead4en event -W-din its Ow n right, endatrager. Haiti's Mr. 4-I~homme'asked, "Is it .MUS Da ownIPU Am[ Rowa m
her: way of expressing loyalty 4j U; IA sm U
A to her former employer, whom A
REBIRTH OF GRAND TECHNICAL. COUNCIL I understand was himself the
The Grand Tenica~l Cou O~f Natibna Reuces President's employee and had to
end Economic Deveilotpment wlas reborn this week with be summarily fired from his
former Finainee Minister Fritz 'St.. Firm~in Thebaud as job?
"Hcr personal, story is an
Uihe permanent s&[retary. ,rn s
~open secreV in Port au Prince
,Namedd by the Presiden~tas members of the Council (Haiti) and she has my full
were citizens Miqhel Lamirtinielre IHonorait, .ebn'e Am- sympathy.
Aose, Engineer Louis Leveque and Dr Iafontant Jean. '"She has every right, as she
Thke in talla ion of the new Grand Te-hnical Coutii has so decided, to. become now
ada soldier of fortune in her own ~ ____________________
is scheduled to take, pblae on IManday morning next n asodeoforneiheow
right and to cast her lot with
it is horpeld that the organizaltiba will (become -as effect-reotoaisbntoovrh
e 1.t revolutionaries bent on overth-
ve as it was formalny hoped it would in he past. rowing her former employer and LEADER IN THlE FIELD OF PROGRESS
bringing back chaos to Haiti,
eventually in liaison with simi- ..in
lar aHp i th rest of t combating erosion with
A T T ECaribb~ean area. C T I E~

ing herself as an independent

O."But she must-stop represent. C UI S IN ESSO0
reporter and using bypocritio- the new revolutionary stove
Aally the g Join the fight to preserve Haiti's Riches
S tR ncrfor her one-sided, sande -
Kus propaganda. In all fairness
SAL S OU TERg nCUISINESSO,'the remarkable little Esso
... she must register wit.. the .
A T Ei TI I N I I I Department of Jutice as an ag
AT T EN T 0 ent of a foreign revolunary stove manufactured by HAITI METAL
YOU WILL FIND SUPERIOR QUALMT BLUE, movement."
!BOI NRICE E"VE RY DAY especially for HITI and already selling i
ii


A IIIGHLY VITADKINED, RICE
SOLD BY SACK OF 100 POUJNDS other LATIN A2MERICAN countries.
/AT THE FOLLOWING PRICES.
TENNIS~ES LESSONS?
Blue' Bonnet Grade-A or $1. Z a 2.50Q Gdes. TN S E ON CF/ISINESSO the quick cooking econo
Blu6 Bonnet Grade-B J 9o 4.0Ge.OE ETIENNE
Bltie., Bonnet Gr~ade---IjC 5.80 or 29.00 Gdes. JOE TEN mialfighateagafinst erosion anrd aCUIIN-
Discount of $.30 cents or 1.50 Gde. by 1001b siick on
a" purchase made directly from the Rice M111 at DE- is the only Professor (coach) ESSO only costs $1.80.
SEAUX (Artibonite'Valley). experienced, patient and
,Discount of 4 per cent on purchases'of 20 sacks or.mtclu Buy a CUISINESSO, buy BLUE FLAME:,
more of rice.
capable of making a champion
TO BUY, ODVA, RICE'I O U player of Yom t kerosene and. help promote and preserve
HAITIAN PRODUCED) RICE Ie iption For Lessons at:
'TO, BU`Y -HAITIAN: PRODUC TS." IS TO,< HAITPs forests.
HELP .DIRECTkY- IN SAI ZING) carl e= St,. No. 1377
TM-T VC N0XOM OF TT-I, rCvT TATTVp an Prince Haiti. Frv rw er vr-* y
0 1 lr'94









"HAITI. SUN"


Sunday,' December 18th, 1960


_ Credit Unions In Haiti


Under the heading "Plivate and the rate usually works out,
Money Lending" we read in the it appears, to at least 50 per


ED. NOTE:-This is the En-
glish translation of a 39 page
booklet of Mr. Julien Lauture,
edited by the Department of A-
griculture (SCIPA) in July 1953
under the title :"Les Caisse Po-
pulaires en Haiti."

At that time Mr. Lauture was
a member of SCIPA technical
staff as an Agricultural & Coop-
erative Credit Specialist, by No-
vember 1933 he nas, appointed
President of the National Coop-
erative Council of Haiti' he held
that position t u n i I Novembei
1957.
In that capacity Mr. Latitare
atleuded many technical confer-
ences in Jamaica and Puerto
Rico and he is considered abroad


nmong the best
file Caribbean.


i repoi of the United Nations Mi,
sion of Technical Assistance t
the Republic of Flati i'Rosent
borg R epo r t) the following
"Though nb reliable relevan
statistics exist, there is plenty
of evidence of the fact that mucl
lending goes at exhorbitant rat
es of interest. Responsible bank.
ers and businessmen testify that
s-ilar'icd people who need loans
four medical expenses or other
elinergencies rnms; go to money-
lenders who commonly charge
10 per cent per month... Emp-
loyees thus frequently incur lo-
ans they cannot ultimately re-
pay. Each month they pay the
lender something but may come
to find that although they have
more than repaid the amount of
the loan in interest they still
owe as much as ever."
This picture, as gloomy as it
may appear, is yet far behind
tie actual facts.
Farther on we read:

"Abuses also occur in de'ilin'gs
between country people and the
middlemen who buy their coffee
and other produces on behalf of
or for resale to the exporters.
The farmers sometimes want a
cash advance some months be-
fore the crops comes in and will
agree to repay in coffee. These
loans would normally cover a
period of three to six months


cent simple interest over the pe-
riod. It is complained, too, that
n order to settle the loan the
borrower must sell his coffee as
soon as it is gathered, when the
price is usually low, and cannot
hold it off for a better price."

From the two statemetns cited
above it follows that there is a
serious credit problem, both in,
the cities and the rural areas-

The seasonal character both
of the agricultural activities and
of the related commercial tran-
sactions, indicates that, by orga-
nizing savings and credit on a
sound basis it might be possible


o-'der to lend them at a reason-
able rate of interest to those
among them who are in need of
money."

Therefore it will be noted' that
the capital of a Credit Union is
made up of the members' sav-
.ings .and that it is. loaned at a
low rate to members who are in
need of money.
The members help one an-
other while deriving a benefit
hfom the investment or their sa-
vings.

We thought it necessary to stu-
dy the Credit Union movement
in Haiti from its inception to
date. For this purpose an infor-
mation sheet was divised and


to reduce to a great extent .the sent to the various leaders who
ill effects of-usury and thus im- during these last years have
prove the economic and social been busy c o n d u c ting study
conditions of the urbaa and rur- clubs and organizing Credit Un-
al masses. ions.
Of the .47 Credit Unions oper-
The solution found and experi- atmg on December 31, 1952 42
mented in various countries of had sent in their report by May
both continents, seemed to be Gth. 1952 and the present report
the one indicated for Haiti: Cre- is based on the data submitted
dit Cooperatives or Credit Un- by the presidents and managers
ions. I of the Credit Unions.


The following definition is
quite simple and well describes
the aim of the Credit Unions:

-"A Credit Union is a coopera-
tive in which the people of a
same region deposit their sav-
ings whether small or Irage,. in


Table 1 gives a list of the Cre-
dit Unions and date organized.
A study of that table indicates
that the first Credit Unions orga-
nized in Haiti were the follow-
ing:.
La Vallee de Jacmel (Sept.


. For a just evaluation of the
4 v difficulties which have had to be
I surmowunted, it is appropriate to
recall the Haitian peasant, who
\for more that a century has been
S\k a victim of exploitation, has on-
A-tT B ly been able to survive thanks
St '\ o a "systematic defence" ag-
H ainst everything that is new to
C0 him. This attitude, which is' lo-
gical in itself, proves that the
I Imind of the illiterate peasant
works in a manner similar to
that of other adults and that he
L finds a way to oppose to the
Sr adverse forces an attitude
f adverse forces an attitude
S- attacks.

,- A STo convince the peasant and
..j the humble man of the city or
r village that in associating with
69 R U L DU Q UA I his, neighbours and friends, in
depositing his savings into a
WHAT TO BUY : common fund and in entrusting
the" management to a committee
freely elected by himself he
SSISAL BAGS and BE.LT works for 'his own welfare, we
must conquer the mind and the
SFPLNCH PERFUMLS and LIQUORS heart of.the leaders of the coop-
S .. erative movement, whbse Impor-
WOOD- CARVING.. MAHOGANY tance for the future of Haiti,
from the human, economic and
S.TORTOISE 5HELL social viewpoints, is still under-

SST AW G005 DPAINTINGS Since 1949 the Agricultural Ex-
S, .tension Service of SCIPA had
(' & -realized the benefits which the
country could derive from the
Srtvwre & rvipcre organization of rural credit. Sin-
5 r 1a4 gece; at that time, the SCIPA had
no specialsts in this line on its

S" (Continued M page.,0
Y- / : .t ," " -' . -' . ) ," ..'


PAGE 6


Specialists of


:- i


1946) and Cavaillon (Nov.3, 19-61
In 1949 the Oblats Fathers or-
ganized the following credit un-
ions in the South:
Camp Perrin (March 27), Cay-
es, (Oct. 9).
In 1950 the Credit Union known
ua "La Force Paysanne" was
organized at Marbial (Unesco
Project on June 15th).
From 1946 to 1950 a total of
5 credit unions were organized. '
For the year .1951 alone we
find a total of 13 new credit un-
ions.
During the year 1952, 29 new
credit unions were organized
(Diagram A) making a total of
47 by December 1952.

Currently, people speak of the
Credit Unions of the Oblats, Fa-
thers, of SCIPA, or of Damien.
In fact, as its definition indicat-
es, a credit union cannot belong
to any group or organization or
take orders from any individual;
they emanate from the people
and belong strictly to their mem-
bers. In classifying them as in-
dicated above, we wish to show
the group or organization which,
through a clever "propaganda,
has initiated the movement, giv-
en technical assistance to the
candidates in the organization of
study clubs, instructed the offi-"
cers in the principles and meth-
ods. of administration and book-
Keeping,.and which continues to
pilot them.







'Sunday, December 18th, 1960 A S T -
AS> U IN. PAQtI1



.Do Xmnas ShoppingAt
. 4 . '







FREE-PORT SHOPPING CENTER
P. 0. Box 676, PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI




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AYNSLEE, COALPORT, VULCAIN. FABE3GE OF PARIS,
GUSTAUBEBG. JEAN D'ALBERT,
FATh, .PIGUET,
KISLAY, CORLAY.
4 GEORGE JENSEN, ENGLISH DOESKIN,
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_HAITIAN HANDICRAFTS

so had SCULPTURES RAaFA IA BAGS






PORT aHImTS aG OcUecors Ilems



Typieal Costume-Dressed DOLLS


Sm Haitlan HUM BABBANCORT / 4

,Have us send gifts to 4our friends in the U. S. A.
without affecting yo.r quota. See us for more information.
4\ :. ,,,
,6' --Have. us ?.; send,, sifts.. to. tyour :,,.'. friends. in- the U.S-.. .A., ._ .. ,.'-......'. ..'.I.. .. '


o itot ffctn your .' ':'; '.: q .-uota... ". -': See,"...: Us for.. ; m ".,. -ore inormation/ "...: .:,'- ;,-' :- '*:,._i







Simdasy, Decemnber .18th, i160 .
{ .,


Great


*Spor Of c
5^02 Co^^


An afternoon visit to Coq d'Or,
the Madison Square Garden of
Haiti for cock-fighting, can mean
several battle royals not confin-
ed to the gaily plumed roosters.
.. But whichever way it works out,
it is certain to be an afternoon
of noise, color and surging acti-
vity.

Approaching Port au Prince's
cockfighting stadi um from a
tree-lined street the visitor
comes to a small vividly hued
bowl shaped arena that from
2pm onwards, week-days and
Weekends, -exudes the harshly
blending noises of croWing roost-
ers, shouting owners and betters
and high pitched cries from the
Marchands, the latter of whom
carry their wares around the
cro w ded stadium in the best
candy vendors tradition.

For the foreigner the first bat-
tle comes at the ticket window
for it is here that the 10 cent
entrance charge rockets to a
dollar and tip for the "tourist".
You might stand and argue for
a few moments but the clamor
* inside those gaily painted walls
is irresistible and for a first-
inme visitor it's hard to wall-
away.
Located oasis-like in the Pal-
miste section of the capital's Ex-
position Grounds Coq d'Or daily-
draws crowds from all directions
into its wood and steel member-
ed interior. Next to the ringside,


which .is strictly reserved during ed. Selection is simple. Two o'w&n-
fights for bird, owners and the ers, approach each other with
referee, the best seat in the birds of approximately the same
house is in the second to last-size'and weight, give each others
of the four galleries, for fromcock a close inspection, at the'
here the whole gaudy and chang- same time expounding fighting
ing scene can be observed with and breed virtues of their birds,
ease. and then place (he cocks on the
Poe-fight time is pairing off ground face to face. h.
time or the "getting to know
each other" period when owners If the cocks just stand and
stand in the little centre ring of stare then they are, according
beaten earth proudly proclaim- to the rules applied verbally, not
ing the abilities of their birds well-matched, but if they' start
always tucked under one arm trying to attack each other then
and constantly stroked fondly there is' a strong chance of com-
with the.free hand. This is also ing to terms and arranging to
the time for bettors to make the mret in the middle of the well-
rounds, eye the afternoon's con- used ring. During this test per-
testants and scan other fellow iod the birds are prevented from
bettors with an equal bank roll. actual combat by being held in-
To the observoi the ten or fif- ches apart by a string attached
teen minutes prior to the first to the leg and firmly held in the
fight appear as pure bedlam but respective owners hand. -
two things stand out strongly to
the eye the rows of "spare" During the trial and retrial the
cocks crowing their heads off prospective bettors clamber
and taking no notice of each around the seats and the ring
other as they stand on the top sizing up favorites, -greeting fri-
tier of the stadium waiting seem- ends, slapping, backs and look-
ingly with inditlerence for their ing for a possible bet. The re-
ouiners to place them in battle, suiting noise is unbelievable but
and the waving sea of Haitianr blends with the atmosphere.
Gourde notes and *American dol-
lar bills eagerly being passed The number of birds in the
from hand to hand as a good ring depends on the time allow-
bet is made. ed for pairing off and betting,
Before the bets can be made which has no limit anyway as
the gamblers have to chose bets are made right up to the
birds and the cock owner have time off the kill. Comprising the
to find an opponent bird of corn- only form of control throughout
parative ability to make the fight the afternoon is the so-called re-
a good one and not too one-sid- feree.


Thfs gentleman's main task : to terms, the' ring is whistled'.' .
appears tq be blowing the harsh and shouted ,clear, metal seats,
whistle attached by chain to,his. clang and 'monqy changing hands,..
sport shirt pocket and trying td speeds up as the-final prepara- -
get bettors, owners, non-fighting tions take place between tKie c6n-j
cocks ard general hangers-on-. tnders.
out of Xhe ring in order. toilet Very. conspicious and, --apart
the fight start. His official de- from the referee, 'the only two
signation is much the .same as' left in the ring beside the ,dvni.
that held by a boxing referee. ers and birds are a white shirt,
He is the -sole adjudicator inside and bow tie clad Syrian and a
the. ring but that doesn't dis- green fatigue and gun qlad Ar-
count the hundreds of others jud- my.- corporal. sitting on a sisal
ginhg loudly from outside the lit- and wood chair 'with green and
tie earthen circle. brown plumed fighting cock tuc-
Two cock owners finally-come, ked loveingly .under one arm.


The proud fighting bird standing before-Port-au-Prince's Cook

Fight Stadium "COQ-D'OR."


- ~. fl. -~ .t,. .e~. r.. e.. r-. t. jx a. 'C.


r Nfl NJ\JNJNr% t~4F~,,f-"' -


Wo2cOnflro2cO~flr~C a


r ; J, 'AA


x


4


x our tore or nnChristmas Shopping:


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V


SUN" -


The sport of cock fighting ist'beaks,' vicious embraces and' and abuse lets free, on a devast-
far from restricted: to the pqas- wary eyeing but for the two atifig scale. In horse racing the
,ants, dnd housebys and every dsy .birds it is '' battle to the death crescendo of fevered yelling ge-
of. the week. b'usinessmer and .and a battle.'of Ailence. nerally comes at the finish line
well-heeled white collared, men '. but in Haitian cockfighting it is
can be seen at Coq d'Or either But if the birds are silent the one continual bedlam. This
'armed, with imported fighting owners, bettors, ,ringsiders and puts the owners of the cocks
birds or a roll of betting, money.., spectators certainly aren't. From fighting in the ring at a severe
One qf these tighing cock fans an the first lunge of the cocks.'pan- disadvantage and necessitates
Italian and resident in Haiti for .demonium breaks out and so do that their voices be stronger
several years, is reputed_ to have the individual battles. than all others for they find it
close to a thousand birds in his From the sfirt peck the shouts, impdritive to humanize their re-
"stable." encouragements, betting orders, spective birds and yell out words


Hait

of wisdom, encouragement and
fighting tactics at every, turn.
Verbal advice is not the only
owner medium of keeping up a
running conversation with his
cocl5. Such things as frantic dan-
cing, waving of red handkerch-
ie.f and hats and a puzzling rub:.
bing of the hands together in
patient monotony all are deemed
to have their effect on the fight's
progress and success.
Taking no notice of the clam-


With fight time'fast approach,
ing, a time regulated by an er-
ratic looking'clock placed on a
pole at the side of the ring, the
owners of the first contestants W Reduced ates
make the last minute prepara-
tions. The sleak feathered cocks
are. given the final caress and ON FAMOUS AMERICAN-FLAG SISTERSHIPS
whispered words of encourage-. q
ment and the owner sprays his 4
bird with Clairin. .
Oairin, a mixture of pure R TO A
Rhum and ginger root is a cour- ANCON CRISTOBAL
age-bearing bath sprayed through
the teeth'of the cock owner in
baptism form onto the body
of the gladiator bird as wellU _
as under its wings. The ru-
les state that it is also ad-
visable' to conduct and all- 4 .
over'tasting of the opponent'ss
bird before round one to. make
sure the owner is not one of the *D-y C'ruise- O Ur
type tbar substitutes red pepper
for ginger to give the opposing TO EXCITING
bird the sneezes.' -

A cursory examination of the a
Clairin.cleaning results by the a a
referee and the battle is ready
to begin. It is strange but for
about five seconds before the ac- Panama .anw'Z
tual battle begins, when the own- "
ers, still holding their birds pla-- FREQUENT SAILINGS
ce them on the ground, there is FROM PORT-AU-PRINCE
an awesome and deadly silence. '. FROM PORT-AU-PRINCE
This is the one and only silence .
and one whiich js repeated only -
at: this same stage-prior to each 4 AT SEA
fight. a 4-DAYS AT SEA
All convertible parlor-bedrooms are amidships
It is for those two -or three and outside with private bath. Large air condi-5
moments that a visitor can be- 4 tioned dining salon. Dancing, outdoor pool andd
come confused as to who is ac-. 4 shaded beaoh.decks. 8,000 sq. of outdoor sports
tually going to fight the birds shaded beah, 8,000 sq. of sports
or the owners, both owners sneer decks. Spacious shaded promenade deck, cool
in overwhelming confidence at"i lounges, cocktail-bar. More space to roam per
each other as they crouch in the passenger than on any other ship of comparable
, dirt 'ring and it looks as..if the size.
.birds are.. to., be forgotten, and '9 SPECIAL FIRST CLASS ROUND TRIP
the owners wil. start on each STEAMER FARES $90 AND $100 plus TAX
nther. N


As soon. as the. fighting cocks .
are loosed from their owners'
Stail grip it become all to clear
that- the battle to the death is
betweenn these' two rted backed 4 /
stand -conbeA strutting roosters, /
no longer crowing but stretching 4
.their necks forward ,ad .eircli g 4
i each oqer with a hutost hurtian B

A, sidiultaheous leap .ith ie' "'"
?tended towards each othi? an4'
, thebattle begin. A fight between-
M. .cockp Is many things: it is
killing :bodies and, flying feath- .
ib ,low.' citliig and ligtening


Ask for new folder of all-expense shore excur-
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Caribbean. Also 1 and '2-day tours of Panama5
City and Balboa on the Pacific. Sea ocean liners,
"climb" 85 feet .up through the mountains via
mighty locks of the Panama Canal. .


or, advice or belting going on
around them the fighting cocks
seem only concerned with des-
patching one- another. No two
cock fights are the same and
despite the formed opinion, not
all fights result in the death of
one of the birds.
The result can come when one
or other of the birds decides he
has had enough and "chickens-
out" or it can be that both birds,
after fifteen or twenty minutes,
come to a gentleman's agreem-
ent and both stop attempting to
slaughter each other. W h e n a
bird decides that the coward's
way is the best way out and
starts running round the ring
looking lor the exit then it is
time for the referee to take a
hand.
He steps across the ring, grabs
the reluctant fighter unceremon-
eously, and to a berating from
the ownei, and dumps it back
in front of the bird still looking
for a fight. If the non-combat-
ant bird still decides he's had
enough then victory goes to his
opponent. This follows if both
birds quit, both birds quite, both
birds are seized and placed face
to face; no action and it's declar-
ed a draw.
i The action that the crowd is
.waiting for may only come once
in an afternoon's fighting but
,when it comes its serves to.
sate the appetite of the audience
for it is the mark of a powerful
.fighting cock and the final proof
of his ability the ability to
kill.
O The birds are evenly matched
,One a handsome black plumed
and the other melding shades of
tred-brown and white. From the
'moment of their release from
'the hands of their owners, the
two birds make it perfectly clear
to themselves, and to all obser-
ving, that this is to be a fight
to the death with no quarter giv-
en or asked. 4


* Both birds rise simultaneously
to make the first strike and the -
feathers gripped by both breaks
fluttered in the air for several
seconds after that initial strike.
Then' follows a barrage of blows
at each 'other which bring cries*
for more from the spectators for
it is obvious that this is going
to be a battle to the finish.
For perhaps ten minutes the
birds make frontal, rear ano.
aerial attacks on each othef till
one of the cocks begins rtfunning
around the ring in circles as it'.
trying to make a getaway from- :;b i
the other; it "is the red-brownM,'
and white bird and the black.
conk lives chase '


RUE ABRAHAM LINCOLN TEL: 3062
S, Several tes the black cock
catches the tail feathers of the
I a an ,* W -^Mopponent but it manages to geb.D:.'
S.away eacif time' and resume, its-."-
ring away
S6 or 7 minutes e 0ilysps'
Steaihepnd and in
Ip ,- .. J. and, .i-ious:. intet.. Withini'


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"HA ITI SUN"


Sunday, December 18th; 1960


Credit Unons Ha

Credit Unions In Hait


(Continued from page 6)
own staff, Reverend Pere Lan-
glais, OMI whose experience
in the organization of Credit Un-
ions had been very successful-
was asked to give lectures on
the subject at a Conference held
at Damien, in November 1949,
for the benefit of the Agricultur-
al Extension Agents.

We cite below a part of one of
Pere Langlais' lectures: "The
first logical step in social reha-
bilitation is the conquest of Cre-
dit. In fact, what is the use of
cherishing magnificent dreams
of economic and social realiza-
tions if the necessary means are
not available?

"In economic matters, nothing
can be done without- money."
On the other hand, the credit
movement in the South has been
based on the organization of
Study Clubs in view of the co-
operative education of Credit
Unions members. This, as Mr.
Wilfred G. Purdy, SCIPA Credit
Specialist. remarked in a spe-
cial report on Study clubs, is in
keeping with the methods and
procedures followed successfully
in Jamaican Agricultural Socie-
ty, the Jamaica Welfare Comm-
ission etc. and by Agricultural
Extension Services in the Unit-
ed States of America and Latin
America.

2.-Number of Credit Uilons
and members. Table No. 2 shows
by administrative department,
the number of members both on
the date of organization and on
December 1952.
This table clearly shows a re-
markable increase in a relativ-
eLy short period.
3.-Social Capital.-Table No.
3 shows also by administrative
department, the total deposit
made to this account from the
date of organization of the cre-
dit unions to December 31, 1952.
The second column indicates the
balance of the account on De-
cember 1952.

4.-Savings.- Table No. 4
shows thie total deposits to the
savings account from the date
df organization of the Credit
Unions to December 31, 1952.
The second column shows the
balance of this account on De-
cember 1952.
It appears necessary to care-
fully stud. 2 figures-
al Social Capital. total depo-
sits from the date of organiza-
tion (Table 31 amounting to
Gourdes 126,636.10.


sects, rodents or fire, and which
anyway would not have helped
the Credit Unions members en-
abling them to work better and
to face certain emergencies.

5."-Loans.- Loans and Sav-
ings are the. essential aims of
Credit Unions. Table 5 shows,
by department, 'the number of
loans made to members and
their total amount. A study of
this table shows that .-from the
date of their organization to De-
cember 31, 1952, the various Cre-
dit Unions in Haiti have issued
loans to 2,295 members and that
the total amount loaned reached
Gdes. 677,503.50. 1

Taking into consideration the
credit situation in Haiti, as des-
cribed in the United Nations re-
port (Rosenborg report), one
may easily realize what 'the
humble man in the city or in
the country would have had to
pay in interest on the sum of
Gdes. 677,503.00 during that pe-
riod under study; one may eas--
ily realize the work of economic
liberation which is- being accom-
plished by the Credit Unions be-
sides that of social education'.

6.-Balance due.- The police
of the Credit Unions is not to
keep their capital frozen but to
have it circulate as much as
possible. so that it might pri-
marily help and also bring in
a profit to the members.
The figures shown on table 6
must be interpreted in the light
of that policy.

7.-Benefits & various Income.
-These figures may seem high,
but is must be noted that this
is due to a great turnover of the
capital and that, on the other
hand, except for the reserve
fund, this income is distributed
among the members in propor-
tion to their respective capital
and the transactions made with
the Credit Unions.
8.-Cash.-Table 8 shows the
cash in bank and in the hands of
the managers.
It is here necessary to explain
that in Credit Unions it is cog-
sidered a good policy to deposit
the major proportion of the funds
to the bank and to have the ma-
nagers keep just enough money
to grant emergency loans re-
quested under special circums't-
tances.
However, in view of the loca-
tion of the various Credit Unions
and the difficulties the managers
have to face to get to the bank,
it is necessary- for them to 'keep
large sums on hand.


b) Savings, total deposits from
the date of organization (Table 9.-Study Clubs.-The follow-
41 amounting to Gourdes 961,- ing question: "Number of Study
384.30. Clubs on December .31, 1952!', on
the Information sheet, was di-
.-* ;-ere is a total of Gourdes versely interpreted .by the lead-
-. 020.10 which, if Credit Un- ers of the Credit Unions. To.one
i.' s had not been organized, group it meant the tqtal number
Sv -''d never have been put in of study clubs organized from
-. culation, would have .been the date of .organization of',the
:.L' unproductive or might have1 Credit Unions to December 31,
i' been partially destroyed by in- 1952; a second grot1ip nterirtted
:.,. '.

-4h.i(, .,' . ,,.. , .,.. =":, :', :


it to mean the total number of
applicants attended the study
clubs operating on December 31,
1952.
- In view of these various inter-
pretations, it is not possible'for
us to give a figure,, however, on
December 31, a certain number
of study clubs were being con-
ducted. .Some were training new
members for existing Credit Un-
ions, others were training appli-
cants in- view of the organiza-
tion of new Credit Unions;

bEach of these study clubs had
received saving deposits, the
amount of which varied accord-
ing to the number o? applicants.
their economic standing of the
local conditions.
10.-Purpose ; ot Loans.- We
were able to obtain from 6 of
the Nord-Ouest Credit Unoins
somc interesting information on
the use of loans made to memb-
ers.

A total of 54 loans, amounting
to Gdes. 5,176 were granted for
family needs, 24 loans, totaling
Gdes. 3,020 'were., made for reas-
ons o! si,.kness; 20 loans, amnoun-
tin' to Gd:-s. 3,880 were made
to settle t'surioas loans; 42 lo-
ans, totaling Gdes. 2,172 for agri-
cultural purposes; 16 loans, tot-
aiing Gdes. 1,110 for livestock
raising: a total of C1 loans,
amounting to Gdes. 8.S36P- for
commercial purposes; 12 loans
amounting to Gdes. 1,075 for
small' regional industries and 32
loans, totaling Gdes. 3,055 for
home ccnstiuctinn, improvement
and furnishing.

Zone of activity.-Although the
activities of the Agricultural Ser-


vices of the Department of Agr-
iculture and SCIPA are gener-
ally limited to-the rural areas,
we felt we -could not refuse to
give technical assistance to in-
terested city people, in' the or-
gdnization 'of study clubs in. view
of the creation of Credit Unioris.

On the one hand, there are a
great number of people in' cities
and towns who are engaged in
agricultural activities; on the
other hand, it would be unfair
to '.deny to thle needy who- deire
them the benefits of cooperation;
and finally, the organization of.
Credit Unions in towns and cit-
ies may cause the movement "to
spread 'to the rural.'areas. .

The programs made by. the
Credit Unions established in
owns and cities with the help of
the Oblats, the Department of
Agriculture or SCIPA proves the
merits of the experience and


1.-"
I ~'

.1,5' -


FOR -


BETTER CA ES WITH


BETTER TASTE


BETTER TEXTURE -

:i:0, :"::oo:- A,, ."":" . :', ,. :.'


that the results have been en-
couraging. -:
CONCLUSION.:.
The information contained in
the present report shows the si-
tuation of the Cdredit Unions lip
to December.31, 1952. Since then,
new Credit Unions 'have been
organized; From December 1952
to October 1st. 1953, 44 new Cre-
dit Unions were established, ma-
king a total of 61 Credit Unions
operating in Haiti. f
The rapid expansion of the
Credit Union movement creates
certain problems. In many are-.
as, progressive groups wish. to"
organize -Credit Uhions in view
of economic and social improve-
ments. Those are legitimate
goals, but the SCIPA personnel
is too limited 'to be able to or-
ganize and efficiently supervise
an excessive number -of Credit
Unions, the activities 'of our ag-
ents being confined to rather li-
mited areas. Certain agronomist
and extension agents of the Dep-
artment of Agriculture .have
worked in cooperation with the
SCIPA during the last two years,
(Continued on page 12)


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PAGE 10


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." HAITI


SUN"


. Sunday, December 18th, 1960


Credit.Unions In Haiti


(Continued from page 10)
organizing Credit Unions, and
good results have been obtained.
It is to be hoped that the parti-
cipation of the employees of the
Department of Agriculture in the
cooperative movement will be
increased.


of the SCIPA and the Depart-
ment of Agriculture a greater1
number of peasants could take
advantage of the benefits offer-
ed by the Credit Unions, this
would be a real contribution to
the increase and improvement
of the agricultural production of


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We think it necessary to un-
deriiiie the educational aspect of
the study clubs held prior to
the 'organization of a Credit Un-
ion. In the course of the weekly
or bi-weekly meetings, which
group an average of 15 to 30
persons and are directed by lea-
ders chosen by the members
themselves, the agricultural ag-
ent gives technical assistance,
helps the people' tind solutions
to the problems which confront
them in everyday life: agricult-
ural problems, health natters
etc. The mind of the peasant is
thus directed towards the deter-
mination' of the cause of the
facts he sees or observes and
he is able, through group discus-
sion, to find scientific solutions
to his problems.
Group work creates a sense of
both individual and collective
responsibility. It teaches the in-
dividual to consider himself as
a member of a community and
to realize the ties which bind
him to a social group.
Croup work teaches man. to
know others better, to like them
better,' to respect them and to
respect their opinion.
Group work teaches man to
accept the decision obtained by
majority vote which is basic
principle of democracy.
Group work teaches the Haiti-
an to live according to the na-
tional motto: "L'Union fait la
force" so that Haiti may become
prosperous and play a more im-
portant part in the world.


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By FORTUNE BOGAT and no business for .the playboy;- to' the nolle ceremoni ous pngi ; .r'-;i:'J'rK.
(Continuni from page 1). I met one of them who adroitly, ;So th&e Aer -- .i'. ,,.
indulge in fantasies, her dext- mixes pleasure, love and busi- -itly impressed wfh the hand .ri'd
Swere intactf. spy that he is a good looking tian mad a bit-too rabelaisian t.a-euei_..i'W..-u' J ''





We were back in Port au Prin- boy, amusing at times.- but sometimes.' can uderst nd .s-..j t ai'




In the terrace of a fashion- fortunately for him. Also it to, tell whether .you are .te0ll.ing -- ff : .,-
..- able hotel with a panoramic view is-fortunate for him that most the, trth or nIot "Wait a in- ,S








of Port au Prince, we turned of the girls he meetsare sed ute -'we told Roemarythi I -
.. the conversation t the subject ally interested in the available: "i' not- a problem oi a bl.ght-,.'
of her appreciation of the Ha- frivolous amusements, nd hot in gir like you, y u should-be able .
tian m.n, not necessarilyOthe the historical or" cultural p back to' dis.tng.ish -a sexiial .importuf. o ;: ,$^tK:0:: .n .
honorable members of the HPB.A ground of the eduntry. Please nit who wants to acqj.re yicep' .- -' t:.--..-c-..-;:^.<..
-Haitian Play Boys Associa-. do not get me wrong, said Rose- tai prestige or virinintyf L or ani ,...:- I Fi
ion); tIhe males who s fake mary I. am not trying to put "honest admirer..- Her 'anser. --.
tourism spin. A popular orches- all the Haitian men in 'samo was a broad sweet mile. .,_ a-. .... .'.
tra was playing one of our hot- bag at- all,- more so that I have Just'What"Are kThe-Sentiments. tflw?..= &.aH-tu.
test meringues, and we were also met some men shose vert- Rosemary kept on assoaling Wst ".L c
Watching with a mixture of cu- satile education, ad amazing in- withall sorts- of questions e .
riosity and lust our companion tellectual production have- fas- gardig the- real" setiterits.l .r !
-who was trying in vain to con- cinated me. the Haitian .men-towards the vi-
trol a rhythmic movement that Not Just A Sex *- siting American girls. She 'was .
was overcoming her entire body Unfortunately.to nd that t obviously very. .interested .
... The music stopped, and Ro- I worked ihard to make the HPBA-i the subject, -a pl padre.1 y .
seniar.a went on "I have .not members understand tho t a.'wo- .doubts-. ave invaded -her mind1 ,.-- -. ..:... .--"
been ihere long enough to have man is not just a sex. To me, and she feared abandon: ,A nas- -"--- .
a definite opinion on your "Horn- continued Rosemary the pro- cent love perhaps! To be ad1; -.. .:-: ,!. .. .-Is-"
es-galants", but I certainly be- ving ground of a v-siting girl in er when love is involved -- that .
aleee that you have previously Haiti is the dance floor.- I you passion that pays itself wth a
cleverly described them in your can survive thetght ahold of mosi ey of its own making .-.. is a _peb.ia. h?;a^ : d.ghs.aint pl ..owe ..,..,.u.v
article on the HPBA (publi- your partner, his whirlwind hip certainly.a difficult job,. if fotl -.g s..ew ,. .. f M ....- t ,4 ..
shed some time ago in the Haiti movements, his bumps- and an impossible _otBe -We ychos e'h -o . e ., . k,
Sun Their approach is gener- grinds, and his pressing verbal be efficientcomforters. . -
ally the same with very few conversatidof you are ready for -The day of her .departure R6- ':A "'-^-.-i- -
variants. It is usually-Jhe same a trip to the Moon. To. the fa- semary. told the m iny.'-fiends '-...' .
old questions: "'When did you mous members of theuHPBA the that-accompanied her to'the air- m;'t:"t-:'bja.
ai-riva, where are you staying, NO of a girl is just an "invita- port -that she .hadgreatly -en- D- a- --'
Setc., etc., the important one be- lion a la valse", and love a geo- joyed her -short.- styr- in Haiti, -" e .O tabI w
ing: "how long .ou are going graphical affair: longitude and a one pos- IVe.. ;;..' ,
to be here'" The HPB is north laessitude. They seen-m to view us. sibility of-another visit-Oe. cour- ... .. '' ":":"t': -" ...'-t""
much interested in a girl who is as a reality but ne which is se, .she did not have; t& tell- us -
s tathing only a couple da.\s lust too closee"ato, a bewitching that she-had.learts d of qe about -* -:- S:"1'
known for his ex-ggerat"d -. -,- .. -. . .l-Ighti fo-r .t;ts -Irie If Ilo 1 1
suave manners tod me convin- Carilbean Construction Co. SAn c c wcleo*ie waitsyasa
cinglty that it takesfour to five -'--e'.r or e *a.'_ '-'.1ts*:- "
country obviously his charms Gen. Manager: Gerad' THEARD *-* .-
i % -' .. ..












too. It is not always all pleasure Ph o e: 3955. P." VBDii .t -4 ..._-_,.:-_
t. 4w .I o ta ., t Jst V3 x i re]-)r' e- ::..-. ...i

... hs "Ghgerrad Palace"p and- famed host lery --o the GI da ..t... the suobtto,-a .pl a.-K ,. -4 ', `...















































R-iioen architecture, exquisite o uisie aan contot ted-ivuige. St amongsthe aeiad ol,-tro 'e a- rr'-....^..
a da i gardens toinoe Oloffson, complete .wiyoh r nninit ere poolR r i- .the pr en lor Tb d-
.. . .. ...... . he re tr........... ..., ......
-I ""Vi' : . .- .. -.'....Vs'.. !.. v.-.-. -'-"7 W'
"_ e -- l e" .: r . . .-. '" ,"A .. ,. . . .. IN .
-t is ". -'- F .-& .I '- .. ;. p:. '
F ." - .,..... .- , m -'" ..-.. : ". ...


b-oth . . .. .. . .. .. I.- ..a:-, -
back in. Port au .i,, .'.._ 1. -.'-....,...
We in terecte, boquiyteweo isne and co at tied- h big h-t sameonste wrid -o tropical he, tre- .. .&- :,p $-1... 7 -::; 1.9,0A-. ".: -;. '";1..
,. ..:..; .....d:. .I ".. T. -.. ._.t_- ... ;.tstttc-.--L


mcafo her Caribea tourist .. k ,.:'., -. .... 'p' -. .'








-Staqay, De'cember 18th -1960 H I I U
H< A 171S
/PAGE Is

CZECH BEAT AIGLES be i goal kick from the 25
ad ne. minutes laer 7, 10"ng
( n ue d from page 1), half 3, to 1. a whistle blew. making the score
bal up at the mid-field kick 'Still pressing. hard agis ta for this match, th e first of three,T
off.'and romped down 'the field seemingly, bewilderved, Haiti team four goals to the visitors, two to 30-
o an easy'pr'acticall4 nundefend- the Czechs forced theirway, up Aigle w Noir, t
ed i goal putting .them on top the field again and w,%ithin .two Fri-he ga0 cbue r
again 2 to 1. minutes of scoring/_their third 4ynight aras ashed t at on
The visitors kept pressing and goal had made the- score 4-1. At account- of ,rain.- The second
AigleNoirlookedverycouethis sta oematchisto e played at Stadiud


this stag Attfe tenre ..gam ',yi
iylsue C atrrathi eorehisg Aatreadiistcrit 1 0l rAf
with, the -exception of-some indi.- lNoir Is captain changed" the goa- Sli ao hseeig nqeno e ir the rIa80 r




r cnualrttacks yby Haitian play lit.
ers.:,In the 28th minute came a With only a few minutes left _4
(drain Iatic skirmiisr in froet of to time the Aigle Noir DECREE ON WORK
.the Aigle Noir goal mouth and rallied and displayed, their best ON STATESIDE
th referee's whistle finally he- ,team work, of the eveigWt dons his work with the evident SAV UP TO 65LnS'I



purpoegh hofpralyit ttriNate~ore
rated yet another goal for the persistent rushes at Czechoslova-n t



halEcnm will be condemed toby_
visiting. team, making the score kia's goal they finally brought nlEooywl eprudb



the Attorneyo Genrom 6al whowils-
midd-Aray through the second. their score 7up to.. t~wo with ath AtoeyGnalwo il
issue a warrant for his arrest
gfor crime against the security
of the State. t a year.NG..
-inThe said functionary or em- #
ployeee deferred within
forty-eight hours tod trial beforedWE B T
his natural judge,-and, if found
guilty, he will 'be condemned to
pay a fine of from 15 to a thouts-

ow o. ayar. NO CUSTOMS PROBLEMS'[`
In the case of the functionary
or employee of one .of these ins-
titutions who is declared missing,
the .State can seize his proper-
tieF and belongings and W11 them
at public, auction.
Dr. FRANCOIS DUVALIER
President of the Republic FOR YEARS NOW TOURISTS HAVE BEEN PLAGUED WTHa
CARTING LIQUOR, THEY HAVE/ PURCHASED, with over-
FOR R NT weight charges,- with customs problems.. In one fell
Modern furnished room, Vad- swoop La Belle Creole has made it Possible to have
If yod 'rO _o .o.king o I fomee furn Iiture that really expr Iesses your ing pool. 2 bedrooms,. aofie, 'liquor purchased abroad, particularly in Haiti, delivered
individuality, -1then take a few moments to call or viit your large livingroom. "to-your home, in most cases at prices cheaper than you,
1WARBOUT dealer. Opposite Sinclair Filig St L.. can bring it th~rougp, 3Cmaldby all your other.
tion, Petionville, Rue BDre non-
Beautilly- designed desks In- striking -boedistinctive -dark court (Maison Dr. GROS).
walnut, wogdgrain or traditional plain gray-, also available modern,
0laamatle, tire-tone arrangedments
REGULAR SIZES 30 X 60. tops HC S10 Ivh? at 10 tr
A N A CARTON OF F IVE BOTTLES
No. 5004,- I 8u N5
N Your
0 395Price' w4ruse
No. 505 13.95 Bll's Special Reserve Whislky $32.20 $13,50 $1&5
1,Hanky Bannister finest, .
Scotch Whi sky 29,90 13,50 16M,
J3 & S. Rare Scotch Whisky. 33,00' 13 ,50 16,50
4. Baflantine's Scotch Whisky 32.3 13M 5 1 ,50
,- Queen Anne Sc'otch Whisky 31 130 16,50
6Gilbey's Spey Royal Whisky 31-2 13 50 16.o
Es A HRTES Johndl Jam so iC s Whisky M 9. 1350 10
tAd4ARVES 17
'19 ~~~Canaiedan Cib Whik 31. 95












4 4 A 00E -2


Maahogan B s 4 :0nl .oo...
STORE CLUB' & **
In AModen Stre / asm lklwas&a







PAGE 18

Time
throul
of you






I"H'
= r -*^ .

!: ? i' ""y~f


" 'A IT I SU N 'sundaSy, December iA8i,'4tO


CHILDREN MUST ATTEND
SCHOOL
(Continued from page 1)
mother or those persons respon-
sible no later than forty-eight
hours the case -will be brought
to trial at the Correctional Court
without delay or awaiting, its
turn.
If the person responsible is
found guilty, he or she will be
liable to a fine of 10 .to 5,000
gourdes or an imprisonment of
two months to a year; if the per-
son responsible cannot be found,
the State will take a mortgage
on that persons belongings.
Article 3.-Any minor who de-
liberately suspends or disconti-
nues studies in any kind of esta-
blishment without a certificate
of a doctor of the Public Health
Service as to the cause; or any
minor that should abandon his
establishment or be. absent du-
ring three days without a cer-
tificate of sickness delivered by
the responsible Health Officer or
any minor either alone or in a
group who abandons his studies
with the purpose of paralyzing
the normal activities .of the Na-
tion, incurs disciplinary pInish-
nient; and the father, mother or
Ihe person responsible for his
education will be pursued and
fall under the penalty of the law
forseen in the last lines of Arti-
cle Two of the present decree.
Article 4.-Every school direc-
tor must send in at the end of
each week the names and sur-
names and addresses of all the.


absent students to the Depart- be under' the rigors of, Article
ment of National Edliction and. Two of the present decree. It it
the Attorney General, is request, is established that the childreth
ed to apply the, application o' confided to their cake dispute
the present decree. the good 'faith, of- tV parents o;
abandon ori suspend .heir. Sf d-,
Article 5.-Any. director, any ies; "aid if' tihei director or. ei
teacher, of an establishment, pu- professor is of foreign oigin. be '-9
blic or private, Haitian or for- will be expelled by the .Hhaipi,
eign, congregationist or laic will Goverrnnent within 24 hours'.





HOTEL
I"4O Tv L "


EVERY NIGHT IS A
WONDERFUL
NIGHT AT EL RANlHO
THE PLACE TO MEET
ALL
OF YOUR FRIENDS.
Mbenday Festive Barbecue And
Revue Intime
TUESDAY-A Special Moor
Show
WEDNESDAY Feature Enterti-
ainment
THURSDAY "Night Of Love-
liness" Fashion Show .
FRDAY "Eva & Ernst's" Spe-..
cial Dance Party With "La
Petite Jo"
SATURDAY "La Ronde" Night
Club With Gala Floor Show
SUNDAY Orchestre Coumbite
And Game Night


] Week Only Un


S. CHISYTMAS

-DO YOUR SHOPPING



NO W.'

AT


LITTLE EUROPE i

Free Port Shop .
Corner Rue Bonne Foi and Rue du Quai "1


H OME OF EXQUISITE GIF


)*Swiss Watches French Perfumes -PIecius Stones Pipes -

Silver & Cr stal Silver & Gold Jewefry Assorted Liquors -
, ; "if^ ; ^ ^

I ii' I'.tj.


FOR EVERY OCCASION


THE WOR I

VA AMOUS


MOVADO

ON SALE AT MAISON ORIENTAL
AND LITTLE EUROPE


. ', A.' i : z z


I id Il oN.7%z-,,--."


sm


$


t


' ll -


r


- - I -- - - -.., Y'W 'IQ,