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Haiti sun


Material Information

Haiti sun
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 46-47 cm.
R. Cheney, Jr.
Place of Publication:
Port-au-Prince, Haiti


newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Haiti -- Port-au-Prince


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began Sept. 1950.
General Note:
"The Haitian English language newspaper."

Record Information

Source Institution:
Duke University Libraries
Holding Location:
Duke University Libraries
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 32441147
lccn - sn 95058138
lcc - Newspaper 2117
System ID:

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Full Text



In addressing his Message to today, thanks to the reestablish sential, in' the Caribbeadn ,Mare
'the Nation, from Cap-Haitien, ment and maintenance of "pea- nostrums so that the Govern-
on Friday evening, Presid'ent ce and order, an atmosphere merits may work in close coo-
Francois Duvalier said more pure is being offered for operation ,or, the wellbeing of
. that the. 'relations between the pacific conquests of [labor their respective peoples. He had
Haiti 'ad. the United States- and capital and of the. spirit of acted', the Presidnt continued,.
.were entering under the sign work.' because ,he believes that in
of the largest and most totally He said that the first.,,et of these times of explosive plas,
complete cooperation it a pha disorder and avid cupidity i. 'sions o power, passions to
se of historic dynamism. He al- definitely closed and has fore- which the power o.. d.'e-gradstion
so said that the USA financial ver been abhrrecd and abolish. has no equal in the. v;iolences
and, technical aid to Haiti hed', in spite of what the ,agita'- to which they resort all those
would amount to $20,230,000. ors: and promoters of fraticidal governing a people. who rather
The Rresident. further stated hate ight say practice a political romanti-
that if the thoughts of yester-' ', cisrnm, expose and ddliv-r heir
day went towards the large and President Duvalier then re- people to disaster. The'siperior-
serious enterprise4,which seem ferred to 'the historic act of De- interests of the Nation are link
eA somewhat hazardous due to cember 22, 1958' at. Malpasse ed with the concrete circums
the incer titude of f the ieand at Jim'ani, saying that .h tb ince.s of the moment and; the
tomorrows, tlh e i necu- had acted in order to assure ,Raison d'Etat.,
rity of the moment'a and the the necessary. dynamismn fot Saying "that in the Latino-'
instability, of the institutions', the pacific coexistence of the American context, 'a central
peoples of this Hemisphere to- principle of action must under-
wards the creating' of reason, o ly the conception, the attitude
Haiti's First Dog-Track To understanding., Ile said he and comportment of the 21
- Open Season's Races, Here signed, the pact in fuil conscien Sister-Republics. of 'America,
This Month ceness of his responIibilities as the President 'said that the
Work is hearing completion. Chief -of State which require United I States, disposing in
and 48 miniature Italian Gray him. to assure and guarantee abundance of immense resot'r.
Tr-. 1 -1 _

Htounds are already inth me Ken-
nels here in, preparation for the
opening of the dog-racing' sea-
,)n on March'.,24th.
TKge Haitian pog-Racing, As-
sociation, S. A.. a Miami gr6up,
headed by promoter' Leon Dodd
and Roye. Pe.rry. General Ma-
(continued on page 12)

peace for- his people in 'all its
total dignity, that peace- which
is sought at a1 lattudes becau-
se it is :the fundamental condi-
tion of human Civilisation. He
said that he had acted because
he. firmly believes./that in the
Latino-American context, an
era, of stability and peace is es-

oes, felt' it their duty to aid the
nations iri need. And they-'a-e
'aiding, but it'-must be unders-
tood that they are giving this
aid as a sort of investment for
the maintenance and triu-mph
of peace.* ,

(Continued' on page 15)

Catholic Students Raise Funds-For Transporting Emergen.cy
Sd- T, 'F n-'m il ,, A "

The Jociste Section of Jean
Rabel in a report published in
La Phalange this week' told of
the plight of districts in the
North that are faced with starva
The Secours Catholique has
asked their Gonaives Center to
dispatch to! Jean Rabel a'cer-
tain stock of foodstoffs to be
distributed over seven rural sec
tions of That drought-siricken

students of Petit Semi-
naire St Martial and the Sa-
cred-Heart of Turgeau School
here have raised funds for trains
portation through subscriptions.
1st Section: Tlhis region has
had np rain, particularly Caba-
ret Raymrond Dubois -
La Coma since Februaiy
The ha.s been an afflluence
of mosquitoes since June 1958
Consequently: Most bf the ri-
;vers have become h7y. There are
several hoTes- of dirty water for ,
the animals. The people there '
in spite of their, weakened sta. '
. te, are obliged to g6 a great dis n
(Continued on 'page 12) fo

lTE,VTWO WOMEN above are among the numerous inhabitants of the
northwest attempting to flee their starvation stricken area. One of them
ook the child she, was able to carry, leaving two olders ones wih a
neighbor while she se out to beg. The small children left behind are
not expeklted to live, and their father, who .went in search of work and
ood more than six weekls ago has not been heard from.

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BOSS ,.GEORGE, or George Liautaud, Croix des Bouquet iron sculp-
vtr. ,. ho has now gained international fame, sits in front of his mto-
dest. home in that area V'ith sompeof his recent, unfinished works. The' :.
young admirers indicate approval of his creations'..

Althea Gibson, top woman's here until tomorrow, arrived in
,tennis 'champ jn the world, de this city :Friday under the aus
monstrated'several phases of her pieces of the. Department of
skill in exhibition matches with State Iriternational Program. .
m.embe'r of the Turgeau en-. Yesterday at 4:30 Miss, Gib-
nis Club Saturday, .and will son played at the Turgeau
take on' members of the Port- Club 'in bhibition, singles
au-Prince Tennis Club tbday. against prominent Haitian play --:
Miss dibson who, will be ers,. Armand Klang, first exhi- ; :i
"-- _bition;. Byron Corneos,.second..
Former Mayor Of exhibition; and -John Claude "
Santiago Goes' AArmandj third 'exhibition.
S- For tlie foirtlh exhibition .X
TO Face Music yesterday sheand Armand
Senor Mexinino Tortres, who Klang, took on John Claude
identified himself ap the fr. ,Armad and Byror Coripos in-.
me Mayor-of Santiago de Cu- .ixed 'doubles.
baflew i from Miami Thurs This afternoon at 4:30 Mi
day and tookthe Cubana flight Gibson will ay a the .o
homeGibson ill piay at the' Port--'w
home Friday. rince Tennis Club next to
Visibly nervous 'as heBoard- Sylvi .Catr Stadium. .
ed 'the. Cubana clipper, Se. She will, play' Frantz Lu-
nor Torres told people t fe "l, *.F n L -
no le^ t h j decke, first exhibition; 'Joseph .
airport that .he as dick of liP. Etienne, second exhibition;: and. ?7.
ing in exide and was going ho- J ,
.'John.Edouard!Baker, third ex- -
me. He said he was Mayor up.- :b.,
untia Batista fell. ., .
nti Bastel 'In the fourth exhibition 'of -
S nuxed doubles, she and' her '
Phito Flore ,_ partner foi- that match, Frahtz ..l.
Electrocuted At-'. Ludecke, will take on John -
Petion-Ville Home (continued on page 16)
By Accidental High
Voltage Contact
Phito Flores met instarr "
death on. Thursday morning Swedish War Shi ,
while he was connecting a Here
pump-in the reservoir Qf his '
home, on Avenue Pan' Amer The Swedish WaT9ship
ican, across from Petit St. Tier nabbenn; a mine Layer .- .
re:, in Petion-Ville. He was elect navy-school vessell arrived' in
trocuted when he accidental Port-au-Prince, yesterday The
made contact with violent ship is expected to remain liere .'
high-voltage current. '. four days. 1
The :victim was given fit'st- Under the command of p -'
aid by'a doctor summoned to tain G. Nordstrom, the ship
the Fcene while, an ambullance has 270 men aboard -including
was being rushed to Petion-Vil 40'officers and' 60 cadets of the ,.
le. He succumbed shortly' after Royal Naval Academy of Swe-
wards. ""..
Mr. FloMes, father. of seven, continuedd on pasge 16)
was. a member of the family of'
educators who direct the Insti .RCARIBBEAN, COLD
ution Part. now located at ,WA NEWS 'SEE --.
Petion-Ville. Page 11
President p.4ier'
To his widow, the former' Declaration to U er
Marie-Therese Beauvoir. h is Latest on Caribbean Le-ion And
children, his' sister Miss Lisss Foreign Levon All Quiet ,
V on (he Bordern n
oiTes and the bereaved fanTi- Soso ilanco' lteingue
y, Haiti Sun takes this occa U.S. Congressmen Discuss .-
, a nt PPnleg. Area
ion of presenting its deepest nd ther ''oat Line News
'egrets and sympathy. 'i__r_ o '. e

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Hard Times In Bongar
Help Convert Bocor's
And Community

Hard' times in the.mountains
:. above Port-au-Prince have been
sped the conversion of a voodoo-
practicing community to chris-
tianity, according to a, member
of the Bapist Church here.
Not only were 57 men, wo-
men and children in a small
section of Bongar' converted to
the BAptist religion, but the
community's BocorD father and
-Ir, ',,.am renounecrl voodoo be-
cause, they said, voodoo gods
were not helping them in hard
times. ,
Three 'lay preachers of the
Baptist Church, at Carrefour
Berthe, Bongar, 5,000 feet abovIe
Port-au-Prince pictured here,
received and destroyed the e-
quipment of thbe Bocor's pro-
The three lay preachers are
shown holding cards for fortune
telling the magic book used
in telling fortunes and disclos-
ing secrets the bell for call-
izig up the spirits, and two ar-
cons used to exort the spirits -
a number of charms taken from
the necks of the witcbh'doctors'
families the garments of se-
veral colors which signify peni-
tence to offended spirits which
are worn until they rot off (this
is supposed to bring. favor of
their patron spirits).
Around the neck of Nicolas
Antoine is a charm which is the
coded list of gods served by the
witch doctor's family.
This area is not as bad as
other areas suffering from fa-
'mine. Many of the amarchands.-
seen walking down the hill are


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THESE THREE lay preachers of the Baptist Church at Carrefour Ber-
the, Bongar, destroyed the Bocor's equipment. They are shown holding
-pirit bells, fortune telling cards, charms taken from necks of the witch-
doctor's families and penitence .clothes. Around the neck of on is a charm
which is the coded list of gods served by the witch doctor's family.

from this area carrying pitch
pine and firewood to Kenscoff,
as they have nothing to sell.
Eight months of the year most
of the population of Bongar i,
in Port-au-Prince working in
the market. The children stay
at home with an older Inember
of the family. Often this mean-
the oldest child of the family
who, in many cases, has been
found to he negligent the
baby falls into the fire this
is one of the host common ac-
cidents in the cold temperature
at this altitude in the moun-


When a short circuit set iire
to the Bureau d'Ethnologie in
the Palmiste. section of the Ex
position area this past Wednes
day, valuable books documents
and furniture escaped damage
by fire and water from fire
hoses when Dr. Jacques, Fcu-
cand led a brigade of helpers
who carried everything to sa-

ch Dine Have Cocktails




pearfish, Snorkle, Water-Ski
I Sail In Safe Coastal
Waters From Kyona

PAGE 2 A .


I Conservation To Preserve Our Reson



Few people appreciate the losses which our denuded hi
are causing to us. There was an experiment of the Soil Ci
ser.vation Service of the United States in Puerto Rico whi
gave staggering results.
A large hillside of uniform slope was divided into 1/10O
acre strips separated from each other by sheet-iron stri
and at the bottom, funnelled into large tanks. t
Some of these strips were covered with heavy grass, so"
planted to corn, others sugar ,cane, others over-grazed- as
others plowed without planting. It was anticipated that tl
plowed soils would lose much more soil from erosion ths
the grassed and pastured soils.
What was not anticipated was that the packed, over-gragi
soils gave 25 times more run-off water than the grassed soi
This was not 25 percent more run.off, it was 2500 percei
more' run.off. 4 '.
That's Haiti folks. Our hillsides are 90 percent or md
denuded/ of vegetation and over.grazed. We get a heavy rai
Hurricane Hazel was an example and there is nothing to ho
the water back. In 2 hours the water is flooding the Smu
rivulets; in 6 hours it is flooding the larger streams ai
Flood waters wash out plantings, under-mine bridges, wa
out bridges and destroy roadways. Twenty-four hours of stE
Ldy rains on our denuded hills can destroy millions of doll
of our, hard earned public works.
But we must consider also the reverse: if 2500 per ce
more run-off results from our over-grazed, packed hillside.
then 2500 percent of the rainfall is lost from storage in o
mountains which normally would appear later in our spring
rivulets and rivers. In other words, the bare, over.gra*z
packed -hillsides make our dry-seasons much more severe.
The situation is bad, tragic, urgent. ,
But, that is far from the worst. Few people appreci
that the top soils are by far the most fertile. Forest tre
send their roots into the subsqils 2 feet, 4, 6 and even 8 f(
Jown. These roots, every hour, every day, every year, a
pumping phosphates, potash and nitrogen from th-e deep so
up through the trunk and branches to the leaves. The le".
mature, decay and fall to,the ground; and over, the years
decades, greatly increase the nutritient content of 'the
soils. By other means, the nitrogen content of the top -i
is also greatly augmented.' The physical structure of the t
soil is also tremendously improved by such fallen foliage..
So over the decades and the centuries the primeval feor
have built up high concentrations of plant nutrients'i
organic matter in the top soils. Then, over the years theI
mans multiply, cut down trees, loosen the soil on slo
lands; and perhaps the worst, over graze.
Then comes Hurricane Hazel, or perhaps only a'heavy-
ternoon thunder shower of even 45 minutes duration.....'
drops run together as rivulets, then down gullies as stre
The greater the velocity of these water movements the 'im
the soil is eroded. And catastrophe, these first soils was
away are the rich top soils, high in plant nutrients and
the best soil texture. These richest soils are washed ..
as tons of mud. In Hurricane Hazel ten of thousands of t
of the most fertile top soils were lost.
Past Governments have made sbme progress. UilderJ:
sident Estime and Maurice Dartigue, Minister of Agricu
contour walls' of stones were built up over perhaps s,
thousands of acres of hillside lands.
But plantings that will hold the soil are also needed'..
crops are such soil holding plantings for steep- hillsides
problem then arises as to how the small land owner'is.
to keep alive while waiting for money returns from 'i
plantings. Equally serious is the roughing up, .that
plantings get frdm goats, cows and other animals which
boys permit 'to graze among trees and even use the
for tying p6sts.
Coffee is a good hillside ciop for the uplands, but col
prices are now core from the very cheap labor countries of Africak
In these columns we have suggested Teak of which'-
is no immediate- world excess for some years to come.p
hillsides \'ill grow cocao: and dry hillsides, if not too.
will grow mangoes and avocados.
There are ways to do these things if the right ener
men are directed at them.

IFUL)DAY, MARCH 8th. 1959 ,

SPaerhaps one of the most I Andre is not an accredited
encouragingg aspects of Haiti, teacher, but the two national
are the occasional appearances, schools in the area are not suf-
i almost from nowhere, of artists ficient for all the pupils. Andre
who bring recognition to their teaches from 100 to 150 chil- TRAVEL AGEI
homeland. dren between the ages of 4 to HOTRAVELS, get N
-V 12, for which she gets $1 a SHOPS, sell m
'Such a one, from obscure month.
.: and humble origin is 60-year- Another daughter is at
.old Georges Liautand, whose school, another teaches the
metal sculpture will be entered fourth is a dress maker.
in a one-mark show during the Liau.taud has had his works Ve will make i
Fifth Biannual Opening at th'e in major ,exhibitions pay you back i
Museum of Modern Art. Sao Artist L :autaud; t.w i c 3 before. A. M o r- ealls anrite to
Paulo, Brazil next September Bou.luets, and Noticed a new maid i* iron, was exhibited at meas an e
For Be
The Pan American Union in cross in iron. He turned to a Co!lecting-foi-Plelasure, spon-
Washington is sponsoring Liau native behind him and asked scored by the Gulf-Caribbean
tard's group of 12 works, who m a d e the cross, and Art Exhibition at'the Museum
After the Sao Paulo inter- the reply was ,Boss Georgen 'of Fibe Arts in Washington,
national exhibition, the group as Liautaud is known. and his Crucifixion .in the 1958
of sculptures will be sent to Peters gave Liautaud a plan Pittsburgh International Exhi- P
the Pan' American Union in for a cross he wanted made bitionof Contemporary Paint-
Washington where it will be as well as a second one' which ing and Sculpture sponsored by BEST
I.reenforced by other new works he forged to his own taste. th.?'Carnegie Institue.
of the artist, and works loaned Peters liked the second one bet C -DHaitian HOSTELLER]
by collectors in the United Stat ter. Peters returned and asked H t HOST
es bnd presented in the ones for a crucifix, giving this time 500 Room Hotel < Sman .exhibition. ; only a vague plan. Falls Throukh
SPlans are in progress for the H4 returned about 15 days A contract for a new 500-
Plans are in progress for the returned about 15 days room hotel at Cap-Haitian.
artist to leave his small home later, and the former, mechanic, signed nearly a year ago, was
at the' entrance to Croix des had the three-foot crucifix rea- declargned nearly avoid yearagounds of The on
Bouquets, to make his first trip dy. From then on Peters. told
to the United States order h i m to o r k hinon performance in a decree
to the Uned States order h to wo r k to hi signed by Jean A. Magloire, Air Condition
to attend the official opening o w. n taste, w h i c h in- acting Minister of Commerce.
,of the exhibition in Washing- clude. mostly Voodoo dieties, The decree was publishedWed Tropical-pa
,n. and he is now making more nIsav

Liantaud uses an old forge,
in existence since.colonial times,
for his *'ron -work. Nearby his
hothe are the iron works where
they used to boil sugar during
that period..
Liatitaud's next project is a
Demon the size of a man, and
three virgins. He has received
anywhere from $10 to $100
*for ,his, works which include
Voodoo and.Christian symbols.
He uses any metal he can get
his hands.on, and it is. not un-
usual to see him in his front
yard working quarters banging
.on a piece of crome stamped
Considered one of the most
original and important of con-
temporary primitive sculptors
in metel, Liautaud started his
career only six years ago.
He had been a mechanic here
in Port-au-Prince with the Ger
man Company repairing loco-
motives since. 1926. When the
company amalgamated with
'Hasco about .12 years ago, he
returned to 'his home town of
Croix des Bouquets, set up his
primitive forge and began mak-
ing agricultural tools, cattle
bands, and Voodoo crosses for
' Catholic graves.
It was because iof this he
was -discovered.o
SDe Witt Peters, 'of the Cen-
tre d'Art, came to visitt tAe fa-
mous cemetery at Croix des

money than he ever did as a
Many years, ago, after a re-.
volution, Liautauds family left
Port-au-Prince to come to
Croix' des Bouquets. Here he
was born, leaving the little
village to cqme to, school' in
the capital. He left the Lycee
Petion to become a mechanic
after' the sixth form.
Liautaud's ambition is to
continue saving his mopey until
he can afford to build a new
house in the front; yard. Then
he. is going to leave the rest
of the money in the bank so
he can abe assured of paying
the doctor bills.n
It shouldn't take too' long
to fulfill this ambition, as peters
sends many ait lovers to Liau-
taud. And the mechanic turned
artist. is hurrying. things up
himself by making animal
Even on Sunday he may go
out to do metal work on some-
ones plumbing system. .
His present home is a four-
'room mortar structure with
pink walls and flower pots out
in front. Two huge green doors
form the entrance.
Next door there is a school
where one of his fodr daughters
teaches. It consists of crude
wood and hemp benches cover-
ed with fronds which make up
the root and sides..



The contract was signed bet-
ween the government and the
*Haitian Resources Develop-
ment Corporation represented
by Alton Davis of Chicago, who
claimed to represent a group
of United States investors
Signed on Madrch 22, 1958.
Davis agreed .in the contract
to establish a five million dol-
lar convention type hotel in
.that northern resort town..
The decree stated a six
months delay was specified in
the contract which had been
'expired since Sept. 27, 1958.

Rvma Here
With de Wolfe
Jacqpes de Wolfe and his
wife sailed into Port-au-Prince
harbor recently in their 46-foot
ketch,. the aRyma, making the
trip, all the way from West
Port, Conn. with only -a deck
The Wolfes had the interior
of the steel hull ketch rede-
corated Originally the ship was
built in Holland.
Horace Astor, former presi-
dent of the Port-au-Prince
Yacht Club, dined aboard the
Ryma Tuesday and reported it
was one of the most comfort-
able and roomy boats of its
size--really a dream boat.)
The Wolfe's flew to Cap-
Haitian before leaving this past




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45 AVE. Marie-Jeanne
Tel: 3591


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.... .. .. ,. PAGEK .

UNDAY, MARCH 8th. 1959 ~nazit ~UN* PAGES

ndIiTi SUN*,>



0' .





Editor's Note: This is the
first of a series of articles by
Mrs. Eleanor Dailey, wife of the
the internationally renowned
physician and Surgeon, Dr. U-
lysses Grant Dailey, who now
lives in Haiti with her distin-
guished husband, former hono-
rary consul of Chicago. The in-
teresting impressions of the so-
cially prominent Chicagoan
give pertinent data of historical
as well as cultural importance).

History records that while in
Cubha, Christopher Colmlbus
was told there was to the East
an island with an abundance of
gold, tle native Indians called
it Haiti, the land of high moun-
, On Dec. 5, 1492, Columbus
set sail with two caravans. The
same evening he sighted it, and
saw -a beautiful bay sheltered,
on a high bluff. qe landed the
next morning, Dec. 6. 1492. In-
many ways it reminded hilh of
Spain, so he called it Espanola.
later the diminutive Hispanola.

-Little Spain*.
Later dte French called it San
Domingue. Columbus was so en-
tranced with this beautiful coun
try he termed it God's Paradise;
and the pleasant place in the
world. Of the Indians he said'
they were the sweetest and gen-
tlest, always with a smile.
The Spaniards took posses-
sion of the ;island and in a short

I SEE IT booed that city; Southern Fran-'citing experiences. Dr. Dailey in g
ce which had always held a his sanctuary, which I call the
time exterminated these sweet- strong appeal, seemed unfea- room in which is the piano, in.-
est of people of whom there slble because of being a strange dulges to his heart's delight his
were some thousands. With the land witl strangers plu, the fond hobby of playing his fa-
consent of the Spanish Crown, language difficulty, which lhow. vorite Chopin, Beethoven and
they started importing slaves ever. posed no problem for Dr. other favorites. i
from Africa. Daile), who amazes his friend- The very difference in the 1
In 1625 .i few year after the by the usage of the Fre'nch Ian- way of life here makes it all
settlement of Jamestown in our guage. the more fascinating. Rea ly )
country, the French took over Incidentally. I might mention one has to see to it comprc-
the island, which was ceded to that on May 2, 1958. hce read a held the natural beauty. From a
them by a treaty and became medical paper in French at a one side of our.house may be t
one of France's most prosperous. meeting df the Medical Confe- seen the beautiful blue bay dot-
and valuable colonies in the rence of tlhe- French: Speaking ted with white sail boats, and d
world. Countric;, holding sessions lier big liners launched near the n
Dr. Dailey for a number of at the time. Then whyv not live wharf. On anotl.;er side may be a
years lans been interested in in Haiti? It was different seen hie sun casting its pink
Haiti. Having i'met a Haitian there were many friends who glow as it comes pver the moun- c
when both were studying in Pa- made thle possibility of my tains Imuch like Kate Smith's t
ris in 1912. a keen interest in speaking and understanding the moon,) is one of the most bean- p
this 'black Republic was kind- language more rapidly,. tiful awq inspiring sights. t
led and has increased through- Despite political troubles and' Having performed its mission t
out the year. warnings from several sources: t~ mankind, it decends (as seen
Several visits ,to the country, good friends: the climate, (un from my back porch), in all its p
contacts with physicians, many like the cruel winters in the majesty in a blaze of glory with I
for whom he made it possible Statesi picturesque and swenic the most gorgeous scintillating T
for advanced work at Provident beauty, distance not too far from undescribable colors. It seem w,
hospital in Chicago, lave made our shores, Haiti beckoned us to say to me ,Since Sunsets are'.h
him choose to call it his second to come and see. numbered among your adora.- g
home. Naturally when he wa, Here in Port-au-Prince, one tion of nature's wonders. I .%ilJl
urged to become the Honorary il retirement whko was in quest give you a more beautifiil one
Cousul iu Chicago, and seeing of peace and quiiet from the at its setting.
an opportunity for service hlie Iuimdruin life of a large busy Gorgeous f lowers grow in
accepted the post. Citations and city could find it. The serenity --
medals for service have been of the place presented and ad-
awarded him. ded attraction. This Magic a'COVFR THE I
For tKe past Sew years the Isle, for one seeking a change OF HA
query has been focused on should be a "must" on all tra.
where he resides upon his re- sellers lists. Through Its Posl
tirement from the practice of Whether tourist or not, Haiti For complete inform
surgery. It was out of the ques- has much to offer. One finds
tion to continue living in our himself in a new world, and we Stamps and other deta
home, town. hate found onTr new life one ofr furnished you free of
The smog in Los Angeles ta- contentment chocked full of ex- 1O. BOX 72B3 Pnrt-



great profusion, tli.
pink and hues, red -
poinsetta, gescious i
cus of many alo mail
roses. Swaying palms
plants play their pa,
ng this tropical isle a.
beauty. (Please pardon.
petition of the word be`
my vocabulary offers:
tord to so adequatel,
and describe what I
o picture).
The French languag.ti
lied in high school, whf
mostly grammar, now sea
different language wL
ken with the proper"
nation and accent. I
hat my grammar nowh
properly used when I
he first person and
However, I have dee
lunge in and murder
French as many do owur-
7hbat is the best way to.gJ
ilth the language. On t1
and, here are several wbg
ood English, and dare ea
earn. even the peasants
(Reprinted from Chbk


tage Stamps
nation in Haiti
ils which will b
chaitge, write.
Su-Port-n u-Prinea





in, Petion-Ville


Short Distance
from the Hotels
to Petion-Ville

Phone 7436

Office in Port-au-Prince

Haiti Ch6rie

Next To RCA Building
opp. Royal Bank of Canada
Phone: 3968

Drive one of the beautiful latest model


available at all leading Hotels



Road maps, information.

pick-up and delivery

Hotels, airport and piez

DAILY RATE (24 Hours)
$9.00 per Day Plus 10c. per Mil

s45.00 per 7 Day Week ,
Plus 10c. per Mile
All Rates Include Gas, Oil 4
Insurance I
r ':


* ",, 'r7ri..A-X 'tirA atI, r1 iA n, ,in -rr .,.m .- ". t .'. -'

Community Weekly Published Sunday Morning

Coordinator Of Old "Food For Work,
Project Endorses Same HelE)
For Starving People


'I have read with interest your story of the tragic situation
, of the population of the Northwest Peninsular and the state-
ments of Pastor Turnbull..It is too bad'that the attention of
the proper authorities could not have been focused on the
needs of this region before this stage of the emergency ar-
rived. .
Nearly two years ago I was privileged to have' worked' for
-a few months as Coordinator on. the <:Food For Work Pro-
jects of USOM in that region, and in a short time saw pearly
three hundred kilometers of road built where no roads had
existed before paid for with surplus food (rice and beans)
donated by the people of the United, States.

I do not have the figures at hand but can state that seve-
ral thousand men,- women and children, worked. on these
projects, singing at their work, happy to earn their living
with the sweat of their brow. None'of them would have been
happy to accept a . They did not want something
for nothing..
-It was explained, to them that we USOM working with
the Haitian -Government were there to direct them in build-
ing roads, rebuilding their'schools and 'churches, destroyed.
by hurricane < up their villages,m marketss and remote sources of water --
-- working for. themselves. They worked in groups of ten
or fifteen, each going under. a leader chosen -by themselves,
and rotating 'the gangs so that every able person in the re.
" I.gion had ,a', chance to work. They'd work one week on roads
and. have the alternate week to work jn their own' gardens.

In- three months',the physical and moral, changes in the
Population ,was almost miraculous. Malaria was practically
Seradicated.-the children gained weight and the .people every-
where appeared 'to have r gained lost hope fdr. that re-
gion, without' roads before-- had been so 'isolated that little
was known of their condition except through the reports of
missionaries working there whose pleas fpr help were not
always -taken seriously. .-

Durinig my stay with those people I was very near to them
physically and spiritually, aridd can. testify that- if; there are
any people.on the face of the earth who deserve a helping
hand they are there in the Northwest Peninsular Haiti's
long forgotten barren land. For' reasons which I could
never justify in my own mind, those projects of USOM were
discontinued While there were thousands of tons of surplus
rice and beans available for the asking, and work on the
roads and other projects Which were near completion wps
sualdenly stopped. '

Delegations of the people came all the way to Port-au-
Prince to beg me to plead for', continuation of the work -
t, but my requests fell on deaf ears.
I hope your story might awaken interest in those hard-
working and deserving citizens who do not ask for charity -
only a means of earning a living their willingness to work
was'a reVelation to me and the amount of work they could
-accomplish with their bare hands was miraculous. As long
as I live I shall never forget the faces of the people when
-we started the projects. This renewal of hope and their faith
in Vs who were helping them.

Then, when suddenly the uncompleted work was stopped,
their disappointment and loss of hope was pathetic. I devoted
much time in an effort to at least finish the work already
started but until now with the appearance of your story,
there has been no interest in this. region. No words, could
exaggerate the pitiful plight of those good people' or their
right to whatever aid may be planned for them.
But now is the time to do something about it ca little
later> will be too late!

(S): H. A.

Mr. Bernard Diederich,.Editor
The Haiti Sun
Cite de l'Exposition
Port-ap-Prince Haiti

Dear Bernard,
Word has come from Wash-
ington that I am to enter .the
Foreign Service .as Assistant Cul
tural Affairs Officer in Quito,
Ec'uador. Mly wife'anid children
and 1 plan to ldave Port-au-
Prince on March 23rd.
I want to take this opportu-
nity to cxprejs our profound'
gratitude for kindnesses on the
part of (many Haitians in all
Wialk off Ufe, as well as' a large
number of foreigners. Without
this kindness and cooperation.
the ,Hajitia'n-A.merican Institute

'ton UnivcIrsity; the Diplome de
Francais, DegT6 Supirieur from
the Universit: de Dijon, France
and the M. S. degree from Mid-
dlchubry College, Middlebury,
Vermont, in French and Spanish
He is fluent in both French and'
Spanish. i
Mr. Floyd has been associa-
ted with the Binational Center
Program for-the past 13 years
and 'is considered one of the
most experienced Cernter Direc-
tors. Before' hbe went to Costa
Rica lie served as Director of
the Binational Centers in Bo-
gota. Colombia: Havana, Cuba:
Ankara, .Turkey; and Cordoba,
Argentina. We feel that the Ims-
tftule' is most 'fortunate to be
assigned such a distinguished
person as, Administrative Direc-

Sincerely )yours.
Charl0s N. St John, J.r. Director
Haitian American Institute

it's all waiting for oue at..


Sunday Filet Mignon I
Tuesday Poolside Bar
Friday Sea Food Di







MAtCH 12,th




At 8.00 P.M.

See C. de la FUENTE
For Reservationd

could not have carried on a suce-A '
cessful program. We shall never NEIED ANY MAB AZINESt
forget our three and a hlf 'ears NEWSPAPERS, BOOKS, etc.?
in this beautiful couzitry. Just,' Walk to.
My rephcement will be Mr! 'LJBRAIRIE DE LA PLACE
John A. Floyd. Director of the Right on the Petioi-Ville Square
Centro Cultuiral Costarricence- (Ne the Church)
Nortamericano in San Jose, iYOU WILL FIND EVERYTHIN..-
,Costa, Rica. Mr. and Mrs. Floyd, 1VW NYR HIN
plan to arrive in Port-au-Prince YOU WANT TO READ
on March 14. ,, We also have for your c6hvenfience
Mr. Floyd's,home town is Be- TORTOISE SHELL ARTICLES,
verly,.Massachusetts. Ie reqei- ., FRENCH PERFUMES, ETC.
ved the A. B. degree from Bos- Frantiz E. Gardere, Manager.



It is the CORPORATION. Neither large nor sImall or rather, large and small at once
Offering all the advantages of large .tars,,6 to' 7 passengers,
Stability, Comfort, Power and all the'advantages' of the srialll car -- Lw
fuel consumption 130 to 32 miles on a gallon.
-, .. _
Easy to drive, length reduced ,
SReduced Prices, in spite of its great luxury
S' Ideal for Haiti ,

'.'.. *"- *'' '., .. '*

., Z.

Place Geffrard,,Phone: 3216 or 3929

Garage, Rue des Cesars, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Ask also for h demonstration of the Pick-Up and Trucks their saving, of fuel.
solidity, power and capacity are already universally known.

"_ '. Y .f: -.'


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:2 -> .'-


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.8.h. U95UL. in1 jn.. n 01 y


al-hiTI BINB

.~..L. -.~. *.'; *..' ..aY-'A A .a'YPVrT



10 CENT TAXI RIDE CAN PROVIDE rince since you never get to I've heard people say that
S your destination until you have some bread is like leather, but
THRILLS AND SIGHTSEEING FOR run into a number of interest- I didn't think anyone took that
ing persons, and seen several seriously*.
VISITOR fascinating parts of town. So far, no taxi driver has
aThis one woman got in with dared to haggle with Patsy
Patsy Carson, Greensboro, back down, pt away my 20 a bloody nose. At least I think over the fare. Proceeding each
North Carolinian, whose southro, cent, say Bonjour to the new- it was a bloody nose, but may- trip to town, she calculates the
ern accent is about as thick as est passenger and look out the be it was her teeth.Then really far when I'm ready to
a pan of syrup set out in 33 window, couldn't tell because she was wThen when I'm ready to
degree p an of syrup set out in 33 window.holding a handkerchief to her get out, I say ici, give him the
degree weather, claims to be I really wouldn't even have face which was covered, with
the holder of the longest shot minded this happening, because blood, and only took it away
taxi ride since Port-au-Prince I did get to see a lot of the once to say something to the
drivers ut red ribbons around city. except that it happens se- driver.
their rear-view mirrors. vera times a trip.
Patsy recently hailed a cab veraBesides meeting interesting a trip.
for the approximately 10 mi- aBesides m -ieeting interesting
for the approximately 10 mi- aThen of course there was people, aside from those carry-
nute ride 40to Mt- Joli, and arrivater engine trouble. I didn't know ing two flapping chickens or so-,
ed there 40 minutes later whether to get out and catch you see the country, and all A
Our now veteran rider claims another cab or wait, so I de- for 10 cents. I've even improv- i
d edic I better wait. And s=re d mv Fnch.

she was the only one in the ough he looked at the engine
cab at the start of this remark- enough, he looked at the engine
able trip, and at the finish line, again, after of course pick-
an astronomical number of per- ing up anotherpassenger first
sons had been picked up and ing up another passenger first
Sand taking him to his destina-
takei to their destinations, with n.
Patsy still to go.
Patsy, who is a very observ-
uThe only complaint I ant young lady, decided on her
have,n claims Miss North Ca- taxi conduct at the beginning of
rolina, whose verbs and nouns her first trip.
are tumbled together with TY' al got in, and someone said
all' and little ol'n is that each Bon jour, so I'said Bon jour.
time we'd get up to Mont Joli, They didn't say anything else,
I'd gather my packages, get out so I didn't say anything else
my 20 cents, lean Forward and So now, when I 9et into a taxi
then we'd, pick up another I say Bon jour to everyone
passenger and go zooming off who gets in, and then just look
in the opposite direction.' out the windowsn.
Patsy admits a taxi ride is
GSo I'd set my packages' a delightful way to see Port-au

aIn the states they also take
you for a ride, unnecessarily,
but charge you for every foot
of ground covered.

uOne woman I encounted
was carrying giant pieces of
dough of foam rubber folded
over. They were piled up as
high as to the tip of her nose.
There were so many she
couldn't even get out of. the
taxi, and a man had to come
and help her with them.
uThe funny thing was that
she got out at a shoe store.
At least there were shoes dis-
played outside.

20 cents, say bon
keep right on walking.'.IT

And this is Patsy's foru
southern style, for getting
best of a taxi ride. Since
is leaving Sunday, she wills
t a x i techniques, gatli
through long experience to
nouveau taxi riders who;"
to profit from it.

that's Why every '
hits the mark .



Wvouid be happy to be
honored by youp
isit at

&rnap e lYert


ft4itis mostexciting FREE PORT STORE-

Iith mostfamous Mrlo-N1I FTCTOR9

*.'enck cepfuimes

S* cwias 'aDtches

Beacled $j3aqs

Ejtcae loOe's
Cctnmer'e &Sueaters

. erenck


* mefrlges7

* Ltosmooers

Grand'Rue No. 342HAITI


/ '


C I7, t

Kl( l .I l U,.,^ "

1 *"*wrfle








\Vhich has the best imports from all tile cormr.i of the world. You can w"ip %
from U.S. prices-with yoir' duty free -ilowance of $200. over 48 hours and $500 over
12 days outside U.S.A. Fisher's will be a realshopper's paradise. Not only free port prices
but modest mark-up, Ibeause ev(--ything is biggesL a&et% in buying at Fisher's.

iuerlain Liberty of London Fabrics
toulton and Porrin Gloves Ilawick
,cotland Cashmire Sweaters Lubin
.ein Weil,- Knize Griffe Perfumes
Soleen Godet Louis De Salignac Cognaes
rquis D)c Montesquieu Armagnac De Kuyper
lueurs Aalbor Aquav.t Danish Porce-
lains and Silver Spalding of England

Fisher's, the American's favorite shqp hert
ill prices are clearly marked on every Iti.
Where a well-trained andi covyrteous staff wtIl
help you to solve your shopping problems.
Where checks and foreign banknotes are-accep
ted, and your purchases shipped. We will gladti
give you free information a fout U.S. customs re
gizlations Mad skippi.ng costs.



Msnp.-It'v quality goods fro'u otu- own workshops
Sisal and Straw goods Vodoo Drums Dolls Hats
tecirds -- Books Filmr Place Mats

41 I' I hl TORns P

'laitlan Embroidered Dresses Blouses skirts
- men's shirts Cuban Guayabera Shirts -
.allan Silk Searxes SwHIs Handkerchtefs -
ilte ms Bteade Bigs Peapont Bags
3el r Swo r g gm ives wb-erp

Native Jewelry
Sisal Shoes Bags
Tortoise-Shell Jewelry

Liqueurs Brandies -
Art Porcelains
"loyal Copeahagen

Marcel Frank Atombzer
.Swiss Watches
aeneh Pi 9e
Bing & Groendahl
Royal Vienna Augarten
Lalique and Bohemian Crys

* I

SUNDAY, Ml.ACfl Si8h. 1959



Alberti's Oil
Paintings Go On
Exhibition At
French Institute
Forty-three oil paintings
from the collection of the works
of Paul Alberti will be exhi-
bited at the Fiench Institute
from March 9th to the 18th
'. inclusive.
T h e artists, well-known
French resident of Port-au-
Prince, and former manager
of Hotel Splendid, has been
quietly "painting at his retreat
in the hills of Laboule and has
turned out some classic works
.. in oil.
This is the first time Alber-
ti's works are to exhibited.
Two Deaths In
Gonaives Market
Attributed To
Two more people dropped
dead from starvation in the Go
naives market Feb. 28. Reports
from that area indicate this is
not an uncommon occurance.
The victims were adults in
about their 50s, local people

SUNDAY, MARCH 8th. 1959?1

Art. Renaissance Is Blooming
In Stimulating Haiti


Port-au-Prince, Haiti-There
.are people that come down here
solely to catch up on what we'
re showing at the Centre d'Art
these days*, says Dewitt Peters,
fatherl of Haitian art and its
chief champion and promoter.
The island lives, breathes and
talks painting and its painters,
and i, only a single facet of this
exciting, stimulating land.

The beach a considerable
Factor in the lure of tourists
to other Caribbean spots, is not
this island's strongest selling
point,. Yet the things, that Haiti"
stands for 'are as revivifying, in
heir way, as a refreshing' plun-
ge into a suw.

A Rugged Land.---
If it's beach he wants, he'll
get it a-plenty on the other stop-
overs of Pan American Airways
merry island tour. Haiti is as
rugged as its history and the
-cenerv vies with some of the
most spectacular in Switzerland
Some of this a good deal of
it has seemingly made the
Haitian, of whatever s.rata, what
he appears a proud, alert,
adaptable, intelligent and won-
derfully stimulating person. The
country physically and histori-
cally, has supplied him with an
amazing creativeness.
One of the first delights to
be encountered, venturing forth
from your hotel pool (all have
them), is a ready smile and a



Several hundred students of
the Lycee des Jeuncs Filles saw
two documentary filmhns on the
Republicof Liberia this past
week, .and listened to a lecture
in English on the progressive
African State.

,Liberia Todayl, anid Libe-
ria, Land of the Futures were
eslown to the college girls in
the auditorium of the establish
mefnt which is directed by frs.
Ernest Barbot, after classes on
Friday afternoon. The large au-
dience was composed of stu-
dents who are studying English
many of whom are surprisingly
fluent and proficient in the lan
guage of Shakespeare and tea-
chers of the establishment.
Director General of National
Education, Mr. Ernest Barbot,
gave th'e introductory speech '

rists, here and now, that a trip and expressed his thanks to the
to the Citadelle is not to be Embassy of Liberia at Port-au-
missed., Prince for giving the students an
The 3000-foot climb, via don- opportunity to see the interest-
keys to the summit, is a trip to ing films and at the same time
stir the imagination. Twenty to improve their knowledge of
miles to the south of Cap Hai-
tien (a 35-minute plane hop English.
from here) the monument to He then presented Mrs. Inez
King Christophe is the architect Laporte, Public Relations Con-
tural miracle often refe.rd to
as uThe Eighth Wcnder of the
World., It is as unimaginable a
fortress as builder, Christophe,
was an' amazing and unortho
dox ruler. The wonder of it all
i. brought forcefully home in
the two-hour ascent.
Back to "Port": This city"
itself is waiting to be seen. Af-
ter a d y durifig which you
may have spear-fished, or driJ-
en to Kyona Beach, 45 minu-
tes *.way. or shopped, or lazed
at poolside, or visited the Art
Center or the Episcopal Church
with its primitive murals, the
evening caps all.
For in the evening there's al
ways an opportunity to hear
the fantastic Simidor Choir,
which is made up of students
of the university under the di-
rection of the charming Ferrere
La Guerre,. This was originally
Started as an all-male choir
with the dues 20 cents a month.
It was a bit of a struggle to the
students even so, but within a
few years, is developed into a
wondrous' collection of voices,
as a.t home with Benjamin
Britten'sa Ceremony of Carolsm
as a native folk-song. What's
more, a good many of them do
not read music.

You'll also have a chance to
listen to Ti-Roro, ,a drummer
of remarkable talent, or go to
the outdoor Theatre de Verdu-
re and watch the aBandan dan
ce-the chief exponent of which
is the most highly skilled and
dexterous torso-weaver whose
technique has influenced Geof- Agent Distributor
frey Holder in his folkloric gy-
rations. Chamber of C

SBonjour!* Now you're sight-
seeing. A trip to Petionville,
perhaps? Thei winding road to
this suabtulb ;of Port-au-Prince
threads its way through mag-
nificent forests. On the road is
an endless line of ,marcehan-
des- wearing their head-baskets
as they make their way to mar-
Breathtaking View.-
:We climb steadily now to Per-
choir where the view from Le
Boutillier ,is breathtaking, on
up to Kenscoff, thqn to La De-
couverte, from which the entire
Haitian mountain panorama can
be taken in. (The highest of the
peaks, Morne La Selle, rises to
8000 fqet).
While on the subject of
peaks, it is weili to advise tou-


: Haiti Trading

commerce Bldg.




sultant an.] Mr. Jicob Willis,
.',d. secretary of' hlie Liberianj
Erhbassy at Port-au-Prince whds
addressed the students. *<.1

Mr. \ illis., speaking in En2-i
glish ,gave an interesting 20-mi-
nute lecture on Tiberia, its his..-
tory and government, stressing
tflu striiles made in education.
He emplt'asized the ties of friend
ship and brotherhood wihichd
link the sister-nations of Haiti.,"
and Liberia. He also' expressed.;
';i admiration of educational
facilities in Haiti. '

The students then enjoyed the!
t w o 3 0. minute, dooumentary-r
films on life and work in Li-.
beria, presented with commen..'
taries in English.

Following the showing of tb4.
film, the Liberian Embassy of.',
ficials were conducted on a tour '
of the modern establishment of
the Lycee de Jeunes Filles on
Rue Capois, which has a stu, j
dent body of, 800 including 50'
boarding-school students.

After visiting the classrooms,
laboratory and spacious refec-
tory, recreation grounds, the vi-
sitors were received at an in-".
formal reception in the appart- .'
ments of the Directress.

SUNDAY, MARCH 8th. 1959


,. Your


in Haiti

'It is getting so that people are
taking vacations as much to
shop as to play golf, lounge in
the sun or just relax. And, no
wonder when you consider the
savings to be had through. Free
Port-S-hopping. A couple who
normally might spend $500 on
Christmas gifts finds they can
btuythe same gifts, in free-port
shops, at savings up to 60% of
U. S., prices. So, for the $250
or so they save, they enjoy a
wonderful vacation in Haiti.
Perhaps the most famous free-
port shop in the world is La
Bele Creole. located in the
heart of fascinating Port-au-
P-,Ptice. Haiti. Here one can
ulAd a veritable wonderland
fai of the world's most de-
sired merchandise. Swiss wat-
whes, Cashmeres, Handmade
bags, Gloves, Crystal, China,
SArer, French Perfumes, Ca-
meras, Liquours and a seem-
ingy endless array of native
handicraft make La Belle
Ceolte more a shopping cen-
ter than a ordinary shop. Con-
sier that one can buy the
waed's most famous Swiss
watches Patek Philippe,
Omega, Ulysse Nardin, Tissot,
Niuada, Jaeger Le Coultre,
Borel, Juvenia, Audemars Pi-
guet-at discounts of 50% of
the U. S. advertised prices,
and it is no wonder that La
'Belle Creole is famous. The
same applies in China, Crystal
and the rest every fine brand
is represented. Before buying
an expensive watch it might
be well worth your. time to
consider a trip to Haiti.

Al Neustas, President of La
Belle Creole and Haiti's most
vigorous promoter of tourism,
is perhaps another reason for
the surge in popularity of
free-port shopping. His ad-
vestising in support of travel-
shopping has appeared in most
leading U. S. publications and
he continues to pursue a po-
licy of cooperating with tra-
vel agents in their various
promotions to increase tou-
rism. Among the most popular
innovations he has created is
the practice of sending a bot-
tle of free champagne-to any
visitor to Haiti who happens
to be celebrating a wedding
aniverary or to' be on a
This year La Belle Creole is
itself celebrating a 10th an-
niversary and Al Noustas has
doubled his efforts to make
the world conscious of the
advantages of traveling-to-
shop. The store will hold a
two month long sale offering
even greater discounts'on fa-
mous brand merchandise.
Everyday exclusive items will
be selected to be sold to visi-
tors at prices that will as-
tound them. No doubt thou-
sands of tourists this year will
come home from vacations in
Haiti, richer, in a way, than
when they went away.


-U've 40 to 65%-.1


* ~' e



The Finest of FRANCE,






I i

VooDoo Inspired




Factory Outlet
- The Best.






- Coltor's Items

Typical Costume-Dressed DOLLS

* World Famous RUGS & DRAPERY



Have us send gifts to your friends in -the .U. S. A.
affecting your quota.-- See us for more information.



OL. I i A. V- A A





The Eighth Convention of
the Caribbean Tourist Associa-
tion will convene in 'Bogota,
Colombia, May 4-8, 1959.

This Convention is the major
trade event of the Caribbean.
It is expected that 100 delegates
will attend. 24 Member dele-
gates of the Caribbean will re-
present the countries of the
Netherlands Antilles,. French
West Indies, Federation of the
Wdst Indies, Cuba, Haiti, Puer-
to' Rico, U. S. Virgin Islands,
British Guiana, Surinam, Ve-
nezuela, Costa Rica and the
Dominican Republic. In addi-
tion, executives of the Amer-
ican Society of Tnavel Agents
and the U. S. and Caribbean
Press will send representatives.
There are 182 Members of C
TA representing not only the
Governments but also those
directly involved in the tourist
industry; shops, hotels, restaur-
ants, tour operators and the
large chain of hotels as Inter-.
continental Hotel and Hilton
International. In addition, the
leading transportation compan-

Among the guest speakers
will be an Executive of ASTA;
representative from the U. S.
Dept. of Commerce; and Mr
Chas. Beard President of Bran-
iff Airways.

The CTA 'Annuaj Meeting
evokes great interest not only
in the area, but also in the
United States, where requests
for information and. invitations
come from 'such divergent sour-
oes as the U. S. State Depart-
ment the Congressional Library,
universities and all leading
trade and consumer publica-.
tions. .

In addition, the Meeting
helps to awaken within the
country in which it is held,' in-
terest and understanding as to
the advantages and. importance
of tourism.

One of the main purposes
of the Convention is to support
the host country in its effort
to develop the tourist industry.
It is hoped that all Members
of the Legislature aInd vested
interests in the tourist industry
of Colombia will attend.

The delegates will L:..hange
ideas on how best to promote.
their specific field of 'tourism.
There will also be reports on
the progress of obtaining tourist
statistics for future market ana
lysis; report on commission re-
funds and rebates of deposits
gathered from questionnaires
sent to 3,000 U. S. -travel

agents; what part the Carib-
bean must play in the Jet Age

and a presentation on how to
promote the important area of
the Caribbean during the next
five years.

There will also of a report on
the new CTA Travel Center
which wil open this month and
how M4embers' can best use
the Center and participate. It
is hoped eventually that all
the Countries of the Caribbean
will join in setting up an overall
Travel Center in New York Ci-
ty and coordinate their advert-
ising and publicity in order to
meet the competition from the
Jet Age Europe and Asia.

<>. Morrison
To Publish New

A new Englishnlanguag. news
paper is soon to join the con-
freres of the Capital, according
to an 'announcement in Le
Journ on March 2nd, stating
that Herbert J. Morrison (cTi
Barbe-) will be the publisher.

"Our country will dispose,
shortly, of a new organ of the
English language which will be
edited by our sympathetic con-
frere Herbert Morrison, fami-
liarly known under the name
of ,Ti Barbe-.


Major John Sublet of the Uni-
ted States Air Mllssion to Haiti
ended fourteen months of duty
hierg Thursday and returned to
Texas for home leave prior to
taking up his new flying job
with the 59th. Weather Recon-
naissance Group stationed on
the Island of Bermuda.
'The qasy with, the smile Tex-
an was operations and training
advisor at the U. S. mission
here. Hd worked the entire lad-
der from primary training to D.
C. 3, A. T. 6, P. T. 19 and F. 51
anything that had to do with
A top-rank golfer, Major Sub.
let was a frequent flyer over the
Petionville mountain course.
Terming his tour here as very
successful, Major Sublet on de-
parture added that the Haitian
Airforce was a fine group to
.work with. -
Before hi took off he had
time to see the first Haitian
Airforce pilot who had recei-
ved all his instruction here solo.
Mrs. Sublet and their son are
,already back in Texas prepar-
ing to move to their second
island home.
Flying since 1939 the Major
was in the European theatre of
World War II and saw post-
war service in the Pacific.

-The editorial offices of this e
organ of the Press will occupy -
the ,building in the Cit6 de
I'Exposition which formerly MODERN COMFORTS
lodged the bureaux of the Star

, -It is said that important HOTEL
printirig shop material has been H
ordered by colleague Morrison
from abroad.. .( ,

.We are wishing, already, A Distinguished H
much success for this colleague
of the English language, wSaid Conveniently Io
Le Jour.,
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NAY, MARCH 8th. 1959_____________________ HMI SUN
C ---


Latins Plan
> To
Fight Reds
group of retired Dominican
generals has announced plans
to form an anti-communist -For
eign Legion" to aid threatened
governments in the Caribbean
.- he generals' initial aim is
to recruit 1,000 men for train-
ing in the Cabrera-Restraura-
ly, they hope to have 25,000
men under arms.
Their first mission will be
to aid the government \of near-
by Haiti against a threatened
rebel invasion from Cuba, but
the generals say the legion will
defend all those threatened
with interference 'by elements
supporting foreign causes which
are not compatible with the
Christian traditions of the Amer
ican nations..
Membership in the legion'
will be open to foreigners and
to Dominicans who are net on
active duty' with the armed.
forces. Ever/ applicant will be
carefully screened to insure
that he is -"truly an'ti-commun-
iSt..- -
Sona B]lanco-
Meringrue -
The lastest/meringue on the
Dqminican Republic thit pa-
rades is the Sosa Blanco, mer-
ingue. ,
This tune which is played re
gularly over Voz Dominicans,
calls Sosa Blanco a martyr an-.
nounces cFidel Castro will pay
for his crimes.


Cubans To Join c Dictator Fights THE U. S. MUST AS

Fighters against Latin Ameri- WITH E ,
can dictatorships will get a WITH UNITED PRE
friendly hand from Cuban rev-
olutfriendly hand fromists, Cuba's army chief In the region of the Caribbean,
olutionists, Cuba's army chief there exists a cold war in two
of staff said on returning from thermined zones. One is concen
a visit to the U. S determined zones. One is concern
a visit to the U. S. treated around the Domihican
Maj. Camilo Cienfuegos told trepubted around the of the man
newsmen the Cuban revolution i. i n co ta the man
had hvo major effects: Exiles whosably the eader
now have real hope of e of this country, Generalissimo
now have real hope of over- Trujillo, is to be found lis great
throwing remaining dictator- test enemies,'of Cuba and Va-
ships, and Cubans who went
ss, ad C n wh wn nezuela. and in a 'lesser degree
to the U. S. because they lack- puerto Rico which nourished
ed work, now hope to return Puerto Rico which nourished
ed work, now hope to return the hope of putting and end to
udder Prime Min;s4er Fidel the Trujillo era began 29 y.-crs
Castro's economic development ago.
program. The other zone is Haiti,
The Cuban regime terms dic neighbor of the Dominican Re-
tatorships the governments of public who shares the same is-
thn Dominican Republic, Nica ile.
ragua 'and Paraguay. The Republic of Haiti and
-the Dominican Republic .offi-
Haitian Sugar ciay maintain good relations
Workers Ask end signed a pact .of non-inter-
Prnya TIA, *;, *.... .

To Go
French daily newspapers an-
nounced this week that Hai-
tian agricultural workers in
Cuba demand the -expulsion of
unsuccessful Haitian preside.n-
tial candidate Louis D6joie.
The petition was addressed
Feb. 16 to Doctor Manuel Ur-
rutia demanding Dejoie's ex-
pulsion 'by workers reportedly
fom nine sugar mills in Guan-
tana mo, Los Cahos, Romelie
Santa Cecilia, San Antonio,
Laisabel,. Esperanza. Ermita
and Baltony.

aThe "Voz 'Dominicana in between Cerca La Source and
its broadcast in Spanish Tues- .Mont-Organis6) and Loma de
day, March 3rd at 2:00 P. M. Cabrera, small burg of 500 in

and its emission in Creole -the
same day at 10 : 00 P. M. an-
nounced the formation of a
Foreign Legion charged" to pro
tect the -.integrity of Haiti
against 11ll threats of invasion
coming from Cuba and from
This Foreign Legion will ac-
cept as members the veterans
of the Dominican Army ,who
are not in -active service, of
Haitians and all foreigners who
can prove they have never had
communist affiliations.
This legion will be command
ed by the superior officers re-
tired from the Dominican Ar-
my of whom Generals -Fede-
rico Fiallo, Fausto Coamano,
Antonio Leyba Pou, Felix Her
mida, Reyes, Pratt, Perez, Po
lanco, Perdomo, Cabrera, Cas-
tillo, Florez and Mota.
The total strength will be
25,-000 men. The first unity
which will be organized this
month, will be one thousand
men whose genera] quarters
will be situated at Restaura-
cion (Burg of 2,000 inhabi-
tants on the Northern frontier,

habitants, placed on .the first
hill of the east of Chaine du
Ciba. to the rear of Capotillo
espagnol and opposite Capotille
Haitian, this rural section and

parish to the south of Ouana-
Training of the troops willI
be carried out in the mountains
with the aid of automatic arms,
blinded and light arms and ac-
companying cannons. ,Le Joiur

Merceron Takes
UD Havana Post
Arnaud Merceron, Haiti's
new ambassador to Cuba flew
to Havana Wednesday via Del-
ta airlines to immediately take
up his post there.
Ambassador Merceron, form
er Port-au-Prince Chief of Po-
lice, serving under President
Elie Lescot from 1940 to 1946,
is the brother of present Army
Chief Pierre Merceron.
Other changes in the Haitian
Embassy 'at Havana include
the replacement of Pierre Gous-
se, first secretary, by Jacoues
Dorismond. Goussp is now post-
ed in Ciudad Trujillo.

mention or interference in their
.internal affairs, last December
"The Caribbean constitutes
es pt 'the present time an
extremely explosive region,,
the President of the Republic
of Haiti told a U'nit ed
Press International acorrespon-
dent, '- the little country
which is struggling .against
being converted into a battle-
field for its two more powerful
neighbors. The UPI continued
the interview which was repro
duoed in the aDiaro d'e Las
aFrancois Duvalier. the se-
rious and Ithoughtful doctor
who is actually governing Haiti
thinks that the situation is such
at this moment that the United
States should assume, full res-
ponsibility for the maintenance
of peace in the Caribbean re-
Castro has not included Hai-
ti among the countries of the
Caribbean which his Govern-

ment has promised to aid for
the overthrowing of dictator-

Haiti in the Middle
According to Time
Haiti, according to-the cur-
rent issue of Time Magazine
is caught irn a bind between
Castro's Cuba, only 50 miles to'
the northwest, and Rafael Tru-
jillo's bordering Dominican dic
tatorship. Time disclosed that
in Cuba preparations 5y Cas-
,tro's bearded veterans to inva-
de the Dominican Republic are;
indeed underway. Colonel Al-
berto Bayo, sometime Spanish
'loyallist soldier who trained
Castro in Mexico three years
ago has been put in charge of
strategy and training. But sin-
ce hitting the beaches in Tru-
ji'llo's well-armed police state
could prove suicidal, the inva-
ders would like to slip in
through unarmed Haiti.,



The, United -States should ask-
the Organization of American
States to prevent. through Po-
lice action if necessary, any in-
vasion in the Cai-ibbe'an Con-
gressman Victor Anfuso, Demo-
crate, said following the recent
publication of the interview
granted by 'President Duvalier
to a UPI correspondent.
President Duvalier had qua-
lified as "explosive' the actual
situation in the Caribbean after
the difficulties apparent let-
ween Cuba and the Dominican
Republic, 'and a threat of inva-
sion of Haiti by revolutionaries
in exile. Tlhe President had ex-
pressed his opinion that it was
the role of the United States to
maintain peace .--
Anfuso said that his convic-
tion was that maintain peace
on this Hemisphere should not
be ,left uniquely in the hands
of the United States. The con-
ception of thie Monroe Doctrine
has been replaced by the OAS.
Should any threat whatever
of armed invasion be attempted
by one of the nations (for ex-
ample fHaiti, Cuba, Dominican
Republic). then the U. S. must
take the inititaive of calling the
20 other mpnber-nations of the
OAS to undertake police action
to prevent invasion. If the OAS
refuses, the United States then
must do so, considering if it
must intervene alone or with.
other nations.
Another democrat Congress-
man, Danic-I Fascell, member of
the Foreign Relations Commi"-
sion of the lower house decla-
. afaiti, for example, has had

many problems and needs now
01. the opportunities of' attain-
ing its stability so that it may
improve its economic situations
He further said that indivi-
dually and collectively the A-
merican nations must pay close
attention so that no person and
no government threatens the
stability of the Caribbean and
Latin America.
Senator Gdorge Smathers, a
democrat, emphasized that the
interview granted by Duvalier
to Bartholomea of the UPI pla.
.ced the accent on the necessity
(Continued on page 16)

The situation is normal in
Haiti and no incident has oc-
curred on the frontier regions,
stated Mr. Rene Chalmers, Se-
cretary General oT" the Foreign
Office, at Port-au-Prince. This
announcement was made over
the Monday night broadcast of
Radio Caracas, and Tuesday
morning over.Radio Progresso,
in Havana. according to aLe
Jour> in its March 3rd. edition.
This declaration was to refute
the false information that Do-
minican forces were occupying
Haitian villages on the border.
Mr. Chalmers stated that the
Inspector General of Frontier
Zones had just made a tour of
inspection and found that all
was normal in these zones. He
further said that cordial rela-
tions exist between the Repu-
blic of Haiti and its neighbor,
the Dominican Republic, and
termed' the information risible
and without basis*.


ships; but he has made perti- their efforts to the improve-
nent declarations which will ment of conditions of life of
support all those who are try- the common man.
ing to overthrow the govern- cIt is impossible that the ad-
ment of Generallissimo Trujililo mirable progress of the Jamai-
of the Dominican Republic who man people, and the people of
shares the isle" with Haiti. Puerto Rico pass unrprcaivel",
Meanwhile, Duvalier, a man he said, the politiced destiny of
of slowv words, simple, gray hair these people have been stabiii
and ,q'Viet in his manner of zed by larger countries. A
dress, with so many large tor- new era of peace and-prosperi-
toise-shell glasses, speaking to ty could come not only for the
his colleagues of the other countries of the Caribbean but
countries of the Caribbean in for all the hemisphere if the
saying: ait is 'ime that each go United States, in accord with
vernment think in terms of ci- the terme of the Convention
vilieation and not in terms of of. Caracas accepts the responsi-
wars and invasions., ability of maintaining interna-
,The important battle,, he tional peace in the Western He
says, should not be that of misphere.,
I.one against the other, but a ,Haiti is ready to defend it-
btagtle against ignorance, mise- self, with its army of 5.000 men'
ry and malady. It is unfortuna- are now being- given adequate
te that the leaders continue to preparation and its .civil mtilitia
agitate fqr .tleir personal gran of more than 8,000 men ,Presi-
deur instead of consecrating deht Duvalier concluded'.

U. S. Congressmen Call For 0. A. S.
To Police Carib

- ", -- u"AGNt "n ":: ', :"" : -. "
, ..." -.,, .. I ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^I J H

'Report From Famine Area\...
(Continued from page 1) 1. A mother under the impbs
sibility of giving her family itAF
pce to find' a bit of potable daily bread, composed a new
ater.-The plantations are hen daly bread.. -. osed a new


Sihnce-Octdber 1958: 1^ ill -
59 deaths' five of which were
from 70 to 75 years of age -
five from 55 to -60 years -.
S fourteen of from 2 to 14 years
seventeen of from 14 to 25
years twenty of from 25 to
-40 years 8 deaths from tu.
berculosis of which two mo-.
others. Seven are dead, really
from starvation. Others have
died of the fever.
4th Section: At La Belle, no
plantation was successful in
1958. Far from finding work to.
S make up for it, the men are
leaving the region, the women
-, gd'from market to market, chi)
dreri are waiting at home for
.* 5th, 6th,'7th Section: It is
from these regions that most
of the beggeis come down to
I the burg. Combert is of all the
sections the most miserable.
*Twd hundred fifty persons
have already left these regions.
Burg of Jean-Rabel: A fright
ful misery exists in many of
the home. Many hide their
suffering, contenting themsell-
ves to suffer in secret. This is
the case of the majority. Seve-
ral privileged ones, water their
The case of those who do
not posses any furniture has
become desperate.
Five woman, dying almost
of starvation, are responsible
for the sweeping of the streets.
They have not receive their
January salary.
Several Cases:

ceforth lost.
2nd Section: At Guinaud6e,
'beans were 9xanted in Decenirt
ber;' the sun has destroyed any
hope of a crop.
At Boucan Patriot, beans
planted in Peptember are lost'.
.Consequently: Many people a
borrowed money to plant the
beans, how will they live? How
will they pay their debts?
fo new plantation has been
possible since Septembert Ma-
,ny of' the men have left and
gone to St- Marc, Gonaives,
. R lassau. or the Dominican Re.
.. 3id Section: At Grande Be,
Slaige, the people must walk for
two hours before finding wa-
The chicken- corn plantation
of last /September has been
completely destroyed. Since
then! there has been, no new
crop planted.
Even the animals cannot
find their food and are perish-
ing. -Consequently: In this third
section which includes LJa Re-
serve, .Grande Falaise, Viedile
Hatte. Zherbes a FAilches, Mor
ne Foulez. a thorough 'investi-
gation into the sanitary condi-
tions of the population and
rthe mortality rate,. h.s given
the fsllo]ving results:


menu for the meals: sour oran
ges cooked with water.
2. A mother is about to be
confined. The father does not
know what to do to find food
"or several days they have not
eaten. Finally the father left
.o sell a 'sack of charcdal, at An
se-Rouge. Oh- the way, he feUiT
from weakness. Helped to his
feet, he resumed his way after
a day of rest. It was only after
four days that he returned ho-
me. But during this time his
wife died of staryatioft.
3. A young girl. due to lack
of nourishmient died.' While
,they are praying before the'bo-
dy that evening, the mother
fell down from weakness.
4. The children who still
attend school are pitiful. Parti.
cularly in the country schools.,
5. Certain of the people,j
seeing others go away in search
pf ua livings would dike to lea.
've. But the fear of finding that
death has visited the family
while they were gone is holding
them back.
6. In order to barter for a
bit 'of food, there are several
who could sell their animals,
but there are no buyers
7' With this famine, disease
is gaining foot
.Within 15 days, fifteen cases
of tuberculosis were brought to
the hospital. Anong these ca-
!es, two fathers, one having 6
children, Mfe other eight chil-
dren. '

To one of them, the doctor,
recommended complete rest.
He. cried out: .It is impossible.
I have only one means of say-
ing my faemiTy, and that is tb
make charcoal.n He has no mo-
ney to feed his itq ily. He has
no money to care for them
This report, very incomple-
te, is far from showing the true
situation. However, we hope it
will make others feel the real
suffering of bur brothers, as we
ourselves do... We are really
not very strong before so much
misery.;But we hope ibat these
lihee will invite competent or-
ganisms to seek a solution, and
very soon, otherwise the cases
of these unfortunate people
will be beyond hope. .
Signed. by members of the
manscuiline. and feminine Jocist
Section of Jean Rabel.

Haiti's First
Dog Track

(Continued from page 1)
iager, have established the tra cl
an tha Champ-de-MAars in the'
former children's park. The site
adjoins the training field of the
Armed Forces, opposite the Rex

This company, headquartered
in Aliami. has the largest col-
lection of the Italian Gray
Hounds in the world, and at pre-
sents owns 300 of the thorough-
breds. They will continue to
breed 'and train the dogs for
which they hliard exclusive
A week before the formal
opening of the races, Mr. Dodd
announced in an interview
Thursday evening at Hotel Splen
did, that tle dogh will he put
through their paces at tbhe now
track here beginning March,
. l1th.
Mr. Perry, the track manager
stated thaf the innovation of
dog races in Haiti will /be a'
new source of amusement for
residents' a n d visitors. They
,have : kept the gate admission
low so that the general public
may enter the track for one
gourde (20 cts), reserved seats
will be 2 gourdes (40ets).
He said that people irill be
allowed to wager on their fa-
vorite dqgs under the. system
based, on standard betting prin-
ciples as established by the Uni-
ted States Pari-Mutal horse and
Dog Tracks. *

Children under twelve will 'be
-admitted free when accompa-
nied by their parents;
The schedule of events is plan
ned for daily racing, and there
will be eight events during the
3-months season. The. post time
is 8:15 P. M., and therO will be
a daily double on the let. and
3rd. races nightly.

Plans foi l.added attraction to
the track include an air-condi-;
tioned Cocktail Lounge. cold
drinks and sandwiches.
The Dog-Track fill finish
eniployment for a large number
of Haitian workers who will ser-
ve 'as gate boys, cashiers, ushers,
waiters, etc.
Promoter Dodd flew to Mia-
mi, Friday on a brief business
trip, and is expected to return
to Port-au-Prince next week.
By 1. S. L.

New Machinery
Christened At Prince
New machinery was launched
at Usine Prince last Sunday
with a traditional family chris-
Two steers, a aBouillon po-
pulaires griot, and six' barique
clairin went into the wetting
of the pistons of the new ma-
chinery installed by .engineer
Marcel Villard. I
Godparents included Mrs
Alfred 'Vve Vieux, proprietor,
Engineer Marcel Villard, Mrs
Jean Foucha4id and oldest em
ployee Charles Ponponeau, Mrs
Yvette Deppe Ponthensky and
Manager Jean Fouchard, Mrs
George 'Kenn and Mr Le Sape.
Senator Byrd
/ To Visit
U. S. ,Senator Harry F. Byrd,
Virginia Democrat and member
of the Senate Finance Commit
tee, will arrive in Port-au-Prin
ce Feb. 13 for a short stay.
He is flying to Montego Bay
from Miami. where he will stay,
five days, and then_ fly Pan
American to Port-au-Prince
and other areas in the Carib-

Caught in the act of-4
an automobile two thiev
shot down by Police,;
Monday morning, when
tempted to flee the .g
being ordered to hedt. '.)

Dead are Paul Roci.
Serge Balthazar who,4
praised in the act of
public conveyance
trying Licence Plates 64
longing to Mr. M-rtial
When ordered to st6el
two men began "
and weie pursued to d.th
of the National Bank.
where the Police agent..
fire. Balthazar was kil
tantly, while Lochard,&
wounded was carried ttl
neral Hospital here wM
expired .at 5:00 A.M.'
Both were old ha
game, -and police
show that Serge ai
been tried and'. onyi
burglary'in' 1956,
the following year for b
in and stealing. Paul. L
had' served two years fcO
ing firearms iltegalli
breaking in 'anid steel
were nocturnal .spec
the trade, thEat ended
-ly. .


.io a&or# de" la Iatbea
rulnemwnt uipfl une e Pfrattipn S

posi*F de silence .rdtu+t ls s
rfHis brits -dsagr.6abes du pneU.
tahi s q :la( construction tI6g &rei
(SUip r-Cushion Sans Charmbre I
'pernWf dISbserber les cahots df is
wc VaWas -aurerz !moits de pdisA
tm. nirns .40 oiais pare q6 1
inrsruciff tiip$eal e-xdatsive d
iodtyear-.e6limine pratiquelnentD li
.creyAons' hdbitudlles.

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PAG 1' jt-~ccl~rl U~ SJNAT D m




SUNDAY, MARCH 8th. 1959


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United Nations, N. Y. March
4 Amhasadflor Edmond Syl-
vain of Haiti has appealed to
his unite, and in their own interests
settle their family quarrels a-
mnong themselves "without arbi-
trators or outside witnesses>.
Thus,',he went on. ,,united and
exalted". the Cameroons could
face the huge task ahead and
welcome the "sunrise of Inde-
pcndlencec on Jan. 1.
Sylvain spoke yesterday of
the need for national reconci-
liation in the FrepncblCameroon. -
but he stressed that it was for
all Camneroonians and only
the Cameroonians on the eve
of that Independence to which
they had all contributed in dif-
ferent ways. to find a solution
on the basis of their wisdom
and in the light of public opi-
He formally introduced a five
nation proposal which would
allow the French Cameroons to.
accedq to complete Indepeun-
a dence next January 1 and simul-
taneously terminate the U. N.
trusteeship agreement: Joining
Haiti in sponsoring the move
are Italy, Ndw Zealand, Para-
guay and the United States.

Speaking for the United Sta-
tes. Mason Sears pointed out
that if events took place on sche-
dule, the Cameroons would be
the first geogaphical territory
to ,graduate from the interna-
tional trusteeship system" as a
free and independent nation.
Sears noted that the general
assembly trustejeship committee
had heard -ome 25 petitioners.
He said it was a sign of politi-
cal health to hear not only
groups which support the Go-
vernment but also those which
supportt thq "Loyal Opposition".
-In the remaining ten montb,;
before Independence. Sears con-
tinued, 'It is highly desirable
for all patriotic Cameroonians
to work together in a spirit of-
reconciliation for the good of
their country".
The U. S. delegate expressed
the belief that members of the
present coalition Government of
the French Cameroons would
(likely go down in history as
leaders of one of the great afri-
can nationalist movements of
this era".
Later eilaht afridan nations
made public their expected pro-
nosal recommending U. N. si-,
nervised elections in the French
Cameroons before the territory
attains Tndependence next Ta-
nuary 1. The proposal also re-
commended an end to IT. N.
trusteeship over the territory .~
the lime of Tndeneindence, andi
admission to the Unitedi N'tinns
Another of its recommenda-
tions called for ahrosation af
tlip Tulv 1.. Q.195 Terree which
declared illegal certain political

parties and organizations in the
French Cameroons.
The eight co sponsors arec
Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Libya.
Morocco. Sudan. Tunisia and
the United Arab Republic. Meet
ings of Asian and African De-
legations Monday and yesterday
filed to produce an Asian co-
sponsor of the resolution.
A few hours before the Afri-
can proposal was made public,
prime minister Ahmadou Ahid-
jo of the French Cameroons told
the trusteeship Committee that
general elections would be held
not before Independence, but
afterward, new elections would
lead only to political passions
and agrimony, he declared, and
the Cameroonians wished to pre-

pare *for their Independence in
an atmosphere of calm.
He said his coalition Govern-
ment is supported by "the crush
ing majority of the Cameroo-
nian people.
Discussing the 1955 Decree
whicli dissolved some political
parties including the UPC (Uni-
ted Cameroons peoples party).
Ahidjo said the French decree
could be -abrogated by his Go-
vernment, but we will not,.
He said the UPC was a para mi-
litary movement which used vio-
lence against its own people.
including women and children.
To revive this movement, he as-
serted, would be a ,mockery of
And he said that on Jan. 1.
cour sovereignty will be com-
plete and we sbhall request ad-
mission to the U. N. immedia-


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Chatelet des Fleurs produces and exports cut flowers and
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under the direction of the internationally famous
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featuring the International Buffet every Monday
and Pool-side Barbecue each Thursday
Delicious cocktails and other drinks
served at the smart rendez-vous, the Round Bar
Dancing under the stars to the music of
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Feature Entertainment
presented by Haiti's stellar artists......
and the one and only Ti Roro
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also the weekly Fashion Show
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PAGE 13.&


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* FRIDOR CHOUCOUNE Foo{-(Cardcen 7,30p.m
HOTEL ConTest P'3 TO
Flamed Lobster 12 0o p.mn

BY E. W. KENWORTHY to June 14, 1957.
(Special to The New with very dark skin,
WASHINGTON, Feb. 27- Fignol6 has a consic
The United States has decided lowing among the c
to try to shore up the 'Haitian groes and the im
Government on the assumption elements in Haiti.
that its overthrow might plunge HAITIANS IN
|- Haiti into complete chaos. There are 120,000
S In, explaining and defending in Orient Province in
this decision, State Department tern Cuba where Fi
officials said today they were launched the opera
aware of shortcomings ascribed brought down the Ha
to the regime of' Frangois Du- einment of President
valier. But they insisted that Batista last Jan. 1.
Dr Duvalier had given more Some Haitians fou
S stability -to the impoverished side Dr Castro, no,
nation than had any of his nu- of Cuba, although i
merous predecesois, in recent .rally believed her
I years. number was small. '
|;' The Government at Port-au- tians were opposed
Prince is threatened from with- valier regime, and t
in by bankruptcy and from been reports that
without by a =Revolutionary promised to lend
Fronts coalition based in Cuba. once he came to p
So far the so-called Revolu- revolutionary move
tionary Front apparently .con- ed against Presiden
sists of little more than a head- Observers here say
quarters staff of three dispa- ber of Haitians in
rate Haitian leaders who are are actively 'support
united only by a common si- joie-Jumelle-Fignol6
,'- tuation, and a common ambi- is at the most 400
tion they are out of. power, The strenght of'
and want ir. The three men are: what -incongruous c
7--: Louis D6joie, light-skinned in its combined foll1
Negro, who is reported to be in Haiti. Premier
wealthy with interests in real been making availa
estate, sugar mills and other vana the facilities!
manufacturing enterprises. In" Progreso, from wh
'the President's election of Sep- casts are directed
member, 1957,'he was the can- 'stir up this' follow:
didate favored by shopkeepers, Joie and Mr Fig
v. r .mulatoes and many, women. He .made such broadca!
ran second in the three-man Two broadcasts
race, but, got only about one- were typical. On
third as many votes as Dr Du- promised that all t
valier, who was elected then ry steps had bei
and took office the next month. end the state of aff
Cl-ment Jumellc, Finance ing in Haiti. Listen
'- Minister under former Prepi,- joined to rally to
., ent Paul Magloire, who re- the people on the
signed in December, 1956. Mr that arms would b
Jumelle, who was low man is to anti-Duvalier for
the 1957 Presidential elections, eners were urged to
is reported to be in bidding fore it is too late,
within Haiti. revolution would
S Daniel -Fignol6, a radical one. ,
'. leader who'served as Provis- The second brc
ioal President from May 26- that thousands 'of C


-'A shI
and '







A negro
, Professor
lerable fol
larker Ne-

0 Haitians
d.el Castro
nations that
avana Gbv

ght along-
w Premier
it is gene-
e' that the
These Hai-
to the Du-
there have
Dr Castro
power, to a
ment direct
t Duvalier..
y the num-
Cuba who
ing the D6
to 500.
this some-
oalition lies
owing with-
Castro has
able in Ha-
s of Radio
ich broad-
at Haiti to
ng. Mr. D&-
gnol have
sts recently,
on Feb. 2C
e of them
the necessa.
en taken to
airs prevail.
'rs were en-
the cause
be furnished
ces. The list
o come be6
, since the
be a .riel

oadcast said
Cubans were

office of the Revo 3
front to sign up as vo I
in an international I
d--- U*^-1^

brigade to restore u democracy
in Haiti. The broadcast pro-
claimed that =Duvalier must
gol N
Actually, Washington offi-
cials say, Premier Castro has
as little in common with the
members of the Haitian Oppo-
sition coalition as they have
with each other. Hs real pur-
pose in helping ,the coalition
foment rebellion in Haiti, thesp
officials are convinced, is to
create an opportunity to use
Haiti as a base of guerilla oper
nations against the regime of
Generalissimo Rafael L. Trujil
lo Molina, dictator of the Do-
minican Republic.
Premier Castro has sworn
enmity against Generalissimo
Trujillo and his brother, Presi-
dent Hector B. Trujillo Moli-
na. In a recent visit to 'Cara-
cas, Venezuela, Dr Castro made
-the first contribution to a fund
set up to finance the liberation
of the Dominican republic from
Trujillo rule.
Officials here were not able
to substantiate reports that the
Dominican Republic's navy has
been patrolling the Haitian
coast to guard against the land-
;ng of gurrrilas or arms from
Officials denied rumors that
United States Navy ships bas-
ed at Quantanamo Bay, Cuba,
about 100 miles across the
Windward Passage from Haiti,
have been patrolling the Hai-
tian coast.
However, officials do. not
- disguise their concern over the
situation in Haiti and Cuba.
Officials concede that Dr.
* Duvalier he was a" country
physician has .many faults.
L Nevertheless, they' maintain
that he is not a' dictator of the
t same stripe as Generalissimo
Trujillo. Before his election,
? Haiti had five Governments in
f a year and a half.
Dr Duvalier is believed here
I to be honest. While he assumed
powrs to govern by decree, he


yielded up these powers, as
promised, on Jan. 30. acdot ding
to officials here.
The State Department isl
convinced that his overturn by
the Dbjoie Jumelle Fignol6
coalition would worsen and not
improve the lot of the Haitians.
President, Duvalier sucdeedc
ed to an almost empty Treasu-
ry. By next Sept. 30, the end
of the Haitian fiscal year, the
balance of payments deficit is
expected to be $8.000,000.
The United States proposes
to help make up this deficit
from a $6,000,000 additional
grant from special assistance
funds-of, the Mutual Security
appropriation, plus $1,000,000
still to be delivered from an
earlier grant of $2,000,000.
In addition the Development /
Loan Fund will soon announce
a credit of $4,200,00. ,to bring
30,000 more acres under irriga
tion and drainage in the ArtiW
bonite Valley of Haiti. In tech-
nical assistance this fiscal year
the United States is supplying

A -n vI modern method that -to*
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in&. Cards fan out, lie tag td u m
gins are intandy visible. Yoti gls
whole picture at a glamre. Calua
or Books. Well gladly dlem"oont
ow Visible ecords will W mw

Haiti Tra ng CAL
Chamber t
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fasts ataglanegu

,!SUNDAY, MARCH 8th. 1959



a .

- I ,

Sam Romer of the Minnea-
.polis Tribune spent several days
here thlis 'past week.
Former Execdtive Officer in
at.Army Headquarters here, Col
.Max. Montes an avid amateur
*photographer left to spend se-
veril months in Mexico' Wed.
I nesday by Delta.
'r He WVas accompanied by his
wife Jeanne. ,
Ambs D. Elon, Washington
correspondent for Haaretz Dai
ly Newspaper of Tel-Aviv, now
staying at the Oloffson was
sorry he was not able to con-
tact anyone in time to make
the junket to the CaP

1 Mrs Salik Gurevitz, formerly
Adrienne Dejoie, returned New
,York Atis week after visiting
her sick mother in Petionville.
Mrs Guyevitz, announced the
show at the Oloffson where
she opened the first series of
"* shows three years ago...
Possesor of -a truly beautiful
voice, Mls Gurevitz sang too
few songs as far as the audience
was concerned.-
Lawyer Paul Sherman and
wife Judy are down from New
York on vacation, accompanied
by Ralph Davidson, business,
man and his. wife, Ann. '
oo o
Visiting the country this
week are Clinton White, con-
tractor of Burkley, California
and his wife.
Arthur Wright of thl Jean
Leon Destin6 Troupe is looking
in mn Haiti this week.

Down from Albany, N.Y.
this week are Doctor and Mrs.
Crawford Campbell, and Frank
Hinds, Press Correspondent.

Look Beautiful A]
Coiffure -- Facial M
Tinting -
At Petion-Ville



New Yorker John Fenyo
and blonde wife Millie arrived
Wednesday. The poyle & Da-
ne & Bernbach adve.rtisiqg
agency VIP and his wLfe are
friends of Joan Walker, mem.
bher of Haiti public relations
Here to write several articles
on Haiti from New York is Is-
rael Correspondent Amas Elon,
a friend of Petit-Goave scribe
Yve-s Auguste.
Beauteous Barbara Gould
arrived Wednesday to work in
Haiti on a Buenos Aires Con-
vention Grant for -a year. The
New York art instructor will
teach painting at the Art Cen-
ter here, and ,is lodged at Ho-
tel Quisqueya in Petion-Ville.
Sidney Fields :uOnly Humann
Columnist in, the N.Y. Daily
Mirrow wrote on Haiti's last
*-veek. His story was entitled
Haiti strives to swvim in Stormy
S0 00

Mr George-s Naude, Belgian
Honorary Consul in Haiti was
decorated this' week by the
Haiti 3 Govern^nen't. He was
given the rank of -Officern in
the Toussaint Louverture Or-
d'er of Civil Merit.


(Continued fi

President Duvalier said furt
her that having exposed the si-
tuation of his Government in
his Messages of October 22,
1958, and January 2, 1959, he
had' personally addressed Presi-
dent Eisenhower, then sent an
official Mission to the Amer-
ican Government to make it un
ierstood that in spite of all
the sacrifices- imposed, the
country due to specific circums
tances: fall.in price of coffee,
low production volume, treasu-
ry emptied of its re-erves, etc
wvas jn 3, grave financial situa-
tion, unsurmountable for the
present without immediate aid.
His appeal had been heard
and. retained', the President
said, and the generous U.S.
neighbors have' responded...

Val Washington has arrived
-in Port-au-Prince as a guest
of the government. An influent
ial man from Washington. D.
C., he was orie of those invited
to Cap Haitian. with President
U.S. Ambassador and Mrs.
Geralld Drew entertained at a
reception in hobor of Miss' Al.
thea Gibson, World Champion,
qt their Vi'l'a Rosa residence in
Can,?pe Vert, on Friday even-
ing from 6:00 to 8:00 P.M.
Dutchman, Ja n Garaedts.
SHELL's Sales Manager and
Mrsm Garaeddets, the former
Ed'ith Bush, are. the parents of
a new baby girl, Janine", the
couple's fourth child.
LittTl Michel Estim6 was
held at the baptismal fonts last
Sunday by godmother Mise

U.S. Assistant Cultural Atta- Marie Calire Estim6, his older
ch6 and Mrs. Robert Reuben sister, and Mr Luhcien Belizai-
Klein entertained at a recep- re, Minister of Justice, the god
tion on Saturday morning on father."

the occasion of the visit of
Tennis Champion Althea Gib-
Althea held court with mem-
bers of the Press -and charmed
quests with a vocal selection:
.There is something to live
form which she'sings on the Ed.
Sullivan T.V. Program in N.Y.

nd Well-Groomed
[assage Manicure
's Modern New



Mine. Ernest Do won, Proprietor
in Scientific cre of the hair and skin
Graduate Of Thb Amrrican School
Of Beauty Culture Of Chicago

A reception at the home of
his parents, Chamber of Depu-
%;es President and' Mrs Ra-
meau Estim&, followed the re-
ligious rites.
..ooo00 I
The SS ,Caristobals of the
Panam Steamship Line willI
arrive, from New York at 7.00
A.M., March 10th, 1959 on
Board are a total of 11 passen-
'ers of which the following 23
will disembark" at Port-au-Prin
Mr. & Mrs John Bierwirth
Mr. & Mrs. Andirew Bis.et
Mr. Mrs Burton Etherington Jr.
Mr. & Mrs Murnmy Fertel
"/irs..,Marie. Gay
Mr. & Mrs. Tosevh, Taepack
Mr & Mrs Edward Sisson
Mr & Mrs Francis G. Smith
Mr S, Mrs. Dp'i'-' Stern
"Ir. M'-s Tamil Talamas
9-,, /ir- .qarr.'tt P T lrer
Mr & Mrs. John Von Hemert


S SPEECH... in the various regions of the
rom page 1) country as follows:
President uvalier then enu ne. V odrogue-Pourcine Road,
merated the ten principal sour- in the South,
ces of aid and the work which The Voldrogue River Bridge in
will be carried out under the; Southe
different projects on the basis The Peste-Corail oad, in the
of a new program of Haitiano- Sopth,
American collaboration. Penetration roads in the Cayes
(1) The U.S. Government Torbeck Plaine, irrigation of
grants to the Haitian Govern-the Cayes-Torbeck plain,

ment, through the Intermation.al
Cooperation Administrat io n,
$6,000,000 for budgetary assis-
(2) The International Mone
tary Fund's in consequence of
this aid wij.l keep open the cre-
dit of $5,000,000 necessary to
cover the shortage of-the inte-
rior exchange up to September'
30th. ..
(3) Confirmation of the con-
cession of $2,000,000 to cover
the first year of financing the
Pote Cole Projets in the North
of Haiti, under technical assis-
(4) The allocation of $1.800.
000 under technical aid for the
financing of the activities of
SCRATCH for the year 1958-

(5) $1,900,000, are actually
available which the Mixed
Council of Economic Aid needs
immediately to complete the.
economic development projects

Penetration roads or the yuar-
tier-Morin Plain,
Irrigation iof the Quartier Mo-
rin Plain,
Aerial Photography of Haibi
Port-au-Pincqe-Jacmel by- ICA.
.(6) $330,000 made available
to the Government to prepare
and layout the plqn for an ade-
quate Hydraulic System to pro
%vde Port-au-Prince with pota-
ble water.
(7) The liberation of $2,300
000 by the Eximbank and the
granting of a complementary
loan from the Development
Loah 'und of from 3 to 6 mil-
lion dollars for the resuming
and completion of the Artiboni-
te Valley.
'(8) The'acceptance and corn
ing settlement of the applica-
tion presented by the D.L.F.
for the completion and func-
tioning of the Sugar Factory of
the North.

(Continued on page 16)

Gerard Kalmar flew home to Miami Thursday. He vaotioned
here with his sister and her family at the B.ans Souci... Friends
of Ulric (Ricky) Haynes Jr. delighted to hear he has landed a
job with -the U.N. in Geneva... Cadet Carl E. Ferguson, Jr a
Freshman at Texas Military Institude son of USOM Mr and
Mrs Carl Ferguson here w.-s on > of 44 cadets to gain scholastic
honors... Jean Desvarieux Convired' to Havana Wednesday on
Delta... Great humorist ,and Doctor Keith Neece is here with
his lovely blonde wife on a second call in two years. Stopping
at the Montaina they hail from Decatour Illinois... Gerard and
Janine Durand flew to Miami Thursday... Jules Paquin clipper
ed to New York Thursday...' /

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.AGE "-:-. .:.,K. .
'RE ID 'NT"" 'S E.-




S' (Continued from page 15) 's

(9) The placing at the his- ptoud of, their love of peace, r
posal of the Haitian Govern- their love of liberty and of true Pr
ment of American technicians democracy," Preside'nt 'Du-va ci
to assist the Department of Fi- lier declared. ci
nances and'aill the other bran- The"' aijiano-American re-
ches of the Haitian Administra- lations are entering, under the ol
tion which the Government de7 manner of the broadest and is
signates. These technicians 'ar& most .total cooperationr into T
.to be chosen from the Amer- their phase of a historic dyna, c
ican,firms'of eoxpertk and paih nuism. They indicate the new
by the Department of State. philosophy of the relations of tf
(10) The help assured by the people of this Hemisphere,,, P
USOM ,anda-tTof the Interna: the president continued. ,If v
.tional Moneta&r Fnds foi the Haiti, in the' Latino-American o
estimation and planning of the context .is an experiment, with
1959-60 Budget and the assu- out in any way minimizing the 0
rance of liquidating all'the,in- efforts of my Government, it t
ternail obligations of the', Go- is well. tQ. render a well-dese.rv f
vernmeit .under assistance.,,' e4d homage to the new, spirit of
This is the aid given by the positive'mutuall aid which pre-
S'American and World leaders- sides ih the ,high splieres of the .t
hip oT, Peace, the :President Amenrican' Government and in 9
' said. ', the transcendentt humanism of 1t
a When President 'l.oosevelt President ,Eisenhovewr; all the: r
willed, to humanity the famous thing" which have the most' con
Sacred Book of -the -'Four Li- trihuted tb the success of the t
berties, he did riot thhrnk; per- latest 'steps takers by my Go-'
haps,' that it. would' fall-to the vernmept in view'of progressi- .
lot of his Great Soldier, General vely lib.ta'ting my people irom
DwigHt D. Ei-enhower, to... re- famine 'and miseryr, from igno-
tain the intimate 'rp'eanihg and rance, from disease -and to assu
Profound value" of l is- ool& to re peace in my beloved Father
place it today, with all the ge- land.o. -
nerosity of a Great People at "i is to the heroic North
the service, of the. people And that. the privilege has fallen -
of the Haitian Government. and 'it. well deserves it, for so
much love of pelce, of work, of
Order and of discipline, the
GIBSON attachment of, its sons to the
(Continued from page 1) land are classic; it is a privi4e.-
Edoua-. Baker and. J ge, I say that n' these high pa-
Etienne. geas of National History, that I
S..Etienne ai able to launch the new or-
The exhibition yesterdayy was a able e new or-
well attended by tennis loves ment: TiiE GENERAL MO-
and the public. Both yesterday BILZATION OF CULTIVAT
and today's exhibitions dre free. ING THE SOIL IS DECREED
In the process of touring La- RIT6RY OF HAITI. Carried
S-tin America, she plans, to. visit- y the wds f the North, this'
much of Port-au-Prin6e,and the mers'ge of peace traverses the
surround'mg area..' ," tive coun to the confines
.Ambassador and .MVs. GerAld ,oft ..South: A'lr other eltema-
.Drew o the United States, fet- tivesare forbidden as well
i bsb.durin tI' are
ed Miss Gilisbn.during a-ti, a all puttbin off of-the' incre.
hou reception. at. their ho i.se.nd.iinprovement of gener-
Friday evening.'' '' production-The life of t4 Nv
Mr. and Mrs Robert R. "iein, tion depends on it., the Pres:'
Scult-gal 4t4ache. of the e- dent declared.
can bs sy,.also' gev a'-. .
vitatal. ree ti for .t'
Am ean% tennis star at urd *" -Wedtsh Ship.f..
morng .at (heir home. oninued from page 1)

IP i-k. n. The cadets are ,on their

S'th e' public will be .admitted
bm page to visi t e p tomorrow,
of ha Lore information i Monday betweg4 4:00 and
the Caribbean' Zone. He said 6/00 P.M. A Swedish gyrimnas-
tUat they must observe with at- bi.' exhibition wil ,be made by
tention the successive changes the ship's. crew at the Sylvio
in the Caribbean ,s.o that we Cator -tadium, and will be
may inform the pzlic and so followed bh' a- match of the
that our actions will not be' Foot Ball Assoqiation against a
wrongfully interpreted by our Haitian team, under the auspi-
friends of Latin Americia. ces of the Haitian Federation
(Taken from March 5th.) day. 9




-All the measures which m>
government h'a s envisaged
ich as the Agrarian Code, the
-distribution of agricultural
property shall encounter the
ithusiastic adhesion and 1de-
ded action of each citizen.,
,The common denominator
f ail' the energies of the Natibn
s. and' must be: PRODUC-
TION,. It has sufficiently es-
aped the intellectual, the rhie
Lricians, t h e schoolmasters,
he mnisgistrates, the priests the
astors, the 'directors' themsel-
es, concerning the broadness
f such P,.work, the result of
vhich depends on the- work of
Dther men, always the same:
he peasants, asking nothing
rom .the soil' and the water, is
he result.
"To the fami'liar.rhetoric of
he men of State, to ,announcE
great plans. without organizing
he conditions which will per
frit the accomplishment o
them, I have' substituted a del
berate' choice of imposing sacr
fices to the present generation
For' the final wellbeing of thosw
To come.' For, vain are the eo
forts, nul the results, if eac]
Haitian man,.each Haitian w(
man, young or did refuses t
amplify these efforts and can
lize the results towards a disc
pline of incessant work, liberal
ly consented for the establish
meant of general prosperity,
the President told his listener
= The redemption of 'the cor
mon party and its resurrectib
will be the price of the miser
and suffering .which will hav
engendered the sacrifices which
t[ am imposing upon myself
which I impose upon the me
of my generation, of your ger
ration, yourself: Young peop
from 5- to .40 years of age wh
must torhorrow carry th
ihextinguishable toich of tb
Country and of,the Race.=
'-My Government is wagir
i Sacro-Saint war against igr
,rance through the ahti-illiter
eW campaign ,and through
againstt routp, eminpiricism ar
1l priXhitive tools in agricult
;e; My' Government is pursuit
'he. total' war against disease
employment and wretched
'odgihgs. The battle is bsin
vs'ged on all the' fronts ,.an
Against all the' obstacles to ft
progress and .dignity of the H
kian, man. No victory will 1
possible if each social catego'
does not have the conscious
,ness of the sacrifices to be m
de for the, benefit of nation
grandeur and ge-eral prospe
ty. 9' I :
pIn order to conquer this
tory, my dear -fellow citizens
asked the United States for
nancial aid. I have obtained
The steps taken by mty Gove
mneat have not been und
taken for the benefit of a s
tor of the natinm or nrt+;-

:he country. They are in the in The Press is free. Jt
crests of all the Haitians, ins to the level of its noble'
distinctly, whatsoever their po-. in making objective,.,
litical credo, their profession ive and useful pritici
their religion, the color of theii ver, the Power wil'
skin. tain the attention of el4.
4 ,I only desire the happiness cal sectors upsi'g thei
of my people'and the hedllth of and their, total liberty,
my wounded fatherland.' Con- pect which they owe-
trary to those who are working Constitutionr and to t''
against the Government in fo- that is to say that not
foreign lanfidand who demand having for object the
of a great friendly people not to revolt, or a qa fg
to aid' a *mall friendly people throwing the governni
who are in need of food, in ever be tolerated. ."
need of sending their children aIn, spite of the fadt>
to school who are in need' of Government has given)J
medical care, contrary to their rances as to public 'ie
.negative attitude. I reiterate spite of the measures of,
I my appeal to all the instance cy taken, certain citizen
of% citizen harmony between all litical sectors opposed.i
the sons of one and the same Government wish to ..
f fatherland for the sacred corn- state of insecurity, ani
bat of the liberation of the peo- credit it, they have ent|
V' pie from misery, ignorance, Consulates or Embaski|
wretchedness and disease. To tactic or this strategy w
I all the political sectors which the uamn respect of ial
i were defeated during the histo- the right of asylum, ori
S'ric day of September 22, 1957 I of my Government.
n during thefree, and mnost ho-, se Haitians who pretp
E nest election s- of all political doing this, that their V
f history of this country, I reite- threatened, they cannot
h rate my patriotic appeal for an in. the country, they.
o under.l'nding,,fo, concord in. safe conduct as soon
c the construction of the new mand is made. The nee
a Haiti. I have no other enemies '~e and order forithe
ci of my people and of my father ve work to be done 1iP
a] land than misery, ignorance. que objective of the
h- wretechedness a n d disease ment.n President Duvy
Those' who believe that they tinued;
s. 'an be my enemies must retain sIn this Order of the
m this: My life of the sacerdotal the Haitian Nation,,,.'
in at the service of my people for -my Government mea0
y more than 25. years and my dicate the route by wia
re humanist prtiv.ih, have fas-- hes ta follow with "5
Ah hioned my-spirit and my heart in order to arrive
If In such a manner that I am not ing the Haiti .
n. able to believe that an electoral matter as much as
e. campaign must ,1 eaive in its nature of sociey in f
le wake any deeo hatred or' un- 'rent and dynamic
10 t .ractablp. animosity, to the ry for the complete ha
e noint of annihalatinK the inti- the Haitian man to'1
hic mate sense of our genuiun. ac- ed. This is the true '
cording to the words, of Rqmy -stire way to eliminat'
ng de Gourmont. No: there is timents of culpability
na.. no place for hatred in us even | governors, all hate ,
a. when we are hated." the victims of the

n% .Untreatable fighter for the governing and ofi
U. defense of citizen's .liberes,!i.. mic directions ;Whiclr,
defensee ooliberties,'y Mat
n, act of directing, the .power, 1 nated up to my a
e reaffirm .tfie necessity of a free wr. .-
ad press in our young democracy "ATW. imriense ta.
With its weaknesses, its fumbi-.. res you to be at m
d iTig and often its. exaggeratons. President said in :
Sg "It cannot be accorn
Sa flip of the iand .
ba .t-... long, beautiful, ho
bey noting. All this d
ry you .my dedr fellow
a- the North and of IV

a country. All this. d1
a. your clairvoyance, yq
rate choice, of the iun
vic true sense which y-
SI' your dignity of citizi
fi- a free people, and tb:
it. of the Race.
Brn As for MYSELF,
er-' FAITHw
Dec estoesWn
cc.',b_'_..__ -Doctor Frangoig

Vr- I- -b l-R- -V L tPO ~

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