UFDC Home  |  Search all Groups  |  Digital Library of the Caribbean  |  dLOC  |  Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library  

Haiti sun


Material Information

Haiti sun
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 46-47 cm.
R. Cheney, Jr.
Place of Publication:
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Creation Date:
September 30, 1961
Publication Date:


newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Haiti -- Port-au-Prince


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began Sept. 1950.
General Note:
"The Haitian English language newspaper."

Record Information

Source Institution:
Duke University Libraries
Holding Location:
Duke University Libraries
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 32441147
lccn - sn 95058138
lcc - Newspaper 2117
System ID:

Full Text
-4 -, --'p,-, Itt"J" ,-, III
., ,"
ti i."6,k'"lz;_,,*i'll,,,
, `7 I ,.-, "i" -
"'' Al .1 ,I I 1 ; -, I "` I _,,` I 171- I I 11 ,,,, III-- T T -
I ''I II 11 ,, ,,r ,q t ,_2_ ", ,'t I L Z'I ,, -,,
I M"t' -V IP _W 1, 1, '_ -, I [, ,4 -y I-7 j -,%, 11 ,I ,,- T _J't, Z I
1 ", ,P ,,_-, ,; :, I I I L L I I ,, L 1. I I I I :1 I H II f I
4 I, I ,, L 1 I 11 I I I I I I
-i V ,4_', L, 'A' ,' A 4"IV -tf`t` .- I I I I I ,
j _, I ,' ,,' I 1 L I I I I I 1, ...
i _L' ,& II I I I I I ._ I, I -, I I
-, i A' I T 1, _' ,,,- L I I I I "
,,, !, : e L I I I I ) I I : ,I '. I :,;.,', .. ,, ., L
f"- I, ,, I I I" "; i I I-,
z I I i.
V 'a a '_* Ij L" ";j ", ,.' "..
V I J _' "I
-1 I 11 I I ._11''j ,I L ", I- :
,& L-, I ; ,,J
.A$.,, ,_ 24" -- I' I ,11 I I _', I 1, I I 11 ; I ,". I ,`,,
,,, L I' I '-:I' t I _1 11 ,.i 11,
', I I t I I 1; T -- _I _1 4
'IT II I ;; I I I I I I ,'4,-,J "
E v. 4 0 I, 11 I- I ,, .. I ".-I I I Y,
-, 1 11 4 -, 11 I 1, 1, I ; .p': 11el,il 1'_I," I "
I L 4 -, I -_ I I ; I 1'1 rr L 1'
, ,- I -, ,,,
1-, I, ; ., I Ir '. N I .", J.: t, ,,, ,,, -, ,-,,
Y "I, L L I I I 6
I, ", I I I I __ .. I I
," I L' F ;, ,- -. ,; "
-, L I III 1 0 V I 11 I '-' 'L
11 I 'r, I i 'r- I I ,
,,,-,, -,S u n d I .'' I ", _' -""",,.-."'.,r:7:i,':!,!!,,,,,"'"
,,, I I I _- .1
-,- I --L ,_' :. rs, ,,1- .11 _t.,, .'''_ "'
': '' ':" I I ,'I, ;," '] `,!',',' I," I'll ,- a I 1 11'', 11 I .1 I I
I L 11 -' -,f -..:' 11 ,' ,,, I i- L
_-''L,: __' I -, '' ._ ,- I
"' I I _;__ ./, 1-1- 1. "., ,:' --
'-, -1- I ,T ", ,e .,
-' I L ,, I
'. 7", I "', I I I I ;, 1 ,- I- 1, '2 1 I 1, _. .'. 11 _'z :, __ I ", ;I ,
21, 'L ,, --' '
,aI',L_ L I I I ... ... ....
1 I,, __ I "' '_-, '. L L I I _- ) I ;1 I I I 1 7 "_ I I ,,, 1, ..
__ '7-- -L ,4 1 '. I ..
11 I I 11
6, ,_ .- I ...a
-1 I ." KT.A'U.PV1N(,T,;' el I mario4eanne i CITEA)UNM SAIIS -E MILE --:-'P 116iI21661 Wtjl N), satvrday7lptqpber '3 2 ,
4ve" ., I I q I- -
,I,,, .i _h "` "p, 11,
10 VAX, I 1 I L ": th, L r ,
,I I I L I 'L I- __ 11 I L' L i I 911 ; -I., I- 11
"_ _, 'L, "4'.',.'' L I' I I ,- I-- 1 '_ '', ` r 1111;,i.'- 77777
; -
.1_. I L
1, I ,
I ` I I" I ': I I
1. I I-, I __- _:--,',-Z_,11 _, L K 1,
L -1. ,_,._.'_ '' -,
_: V I I : L ,
; ,, I mi
': ,_ :.' L I TN TVRY % : I ,,-.:7, ,',
,:''": G O V ERN M EN ,T PR I -_-,,,-,-, .,
'N' ,., -i .-,. ". 11 I. i, .- 11
V: .1 1.
;,_', %L- L I V., PO R ','.,,- ':. ,, .. 'j, _;,., 11 -
L M O D EL' IN ,M AN M s'", ", I I .I ",.:. I, -
-1 '- ._- 'd .-11 '. :,M R '. :L .,,'.-'111
1. '. __ _,'_ ll ", ''", ,j '- ,' '., 1' 1 ` .
,", 11 __ "' ; I ;,,__: U I~ E -
'" _-"L -.,, ..,,,,,,,." "..'', I I :` ,! 1, -',..-t.,'-,.v I ,,,
11 _7 i_ i"
-11, I ,- 11 __ ''_ I, I --"-. I. ,. :_ ''I" 4',,:'
1 I .. .... I ..
11 11.1- I ,_. I / ,
"I I.r. 'i"- .11 ''I I ._11'7 -,,,!: I ,_ -., ".., ', I -!- _
,..X,.. ,..= .7 I, -- ,,] j_ '11.1__,". .- 1 I 1 49'' N: ..., _I
I I I ,., I, ,_
., .
I r7, ,, ,L" i,, .-_,,; 1, ., 1 t'77 -1 L__

..- ,., :,." .:. ,, __ M I -- .; 1 .,: ,
7- i, ,t-, -,-"T,,. :
Ni7. I -1 t7`, -
-, 4', -j :_ W : -,: :. :e ,. I
A I I -, .i,<,i; -. .,, '. _,%, I I I I I
11- X_
1. ., 1,
',,' 'Ii, I'll" A; `-, :V, "'!
1, 1'111 I ,., -. .1 :- ,:
11 ", _n 11W 19' -, I -
-11 ENR', ,i
11 -.., ,t_-, SK '.6 f I.,
11 I:.,:, ,
-. I 4 B r
I -
I ; 1. 1,
,W.i. -a ,
:,'., > .1 ,,,,
[".:,L., !' ., ... .. d, n ,: g I_ ,X,- I: I I- 11 1' I I' x
--,;, ol- .: ,;-__: -- ,;, 1 '. _., .,'.'. 2
A" ,,,,I', ,'`,,,,i _, ,,, Z U- 1 ,Zi,:. 11- 11, li ,,4- '_' i 1 -_-, --_."",_ 1, 1

ift i 4'5.
st,---,Z.,i,-. __ 111. ,i..,,-_ .._'- ., .,., I ,
.., 5 1. 111 -":.'- -] -
,"--I, -- '-_-- I.". 1_.1 I 1: I :
!.,, .f,-,, ,I, 1". 11,
-W ,7M I .. __ :11
..-, ','I : % ; i I kI I
LA, ., I _,
,;!: U _1.11 -,- 4''. _,--_ ".. ,_ U 'q
., :-.. IV ", "I I ,,
,,"> ,,_ ,,, Ii., L' .., ,0 *41 1 A 1
'i,_ ji, L I I I -11
'N ". \i, 11 .1 I
iiI.x,,,,,; ,
',- I i 1. .- I ,-
L 11 I %'- 2

L` 1, e I r
:, I I 1. p %01WffA&11W ,
_` n .. I
'el i.
. I
- I I i I ,- I I I ,.'. I
.1 ,..1;--. '___ ,__!_ -, I -;
:.1 _,._ -',. ", ". ,_
1, 1 M9 .1 '' I -1 .
'. ,..,,' __- -, I -_ ,, '. .
1. 1 1 -
", ., ,' : I ,_ '- z 71., ,.! : : 1, -, ; ,s- I I I
,. I ., : z __'.- _'_: : 1, __ : 1: :4 1. ,-
'L .1 -: I : _. 11, I j 1 "n
I 'll I'
__ I
-. I.." I 7 _t ,(461 1 I 11 ,o V ierviffil
constr ,' th ,mod&town f Du'w
Vq on
I .. I
I I _' I 11 _'
11_, I.,_ t unk i -,a'bjrbA` eakth-bir a-11
_I:: D og ,R apq!!--', vsW,ge:.. derwiy,046ber 2'With. I I I 11 I "
I I r I I I :" 1111..," "",
I I I -_1 1_._ 1 11 .-
I 11 1.11 ; ,:- .,` ing 'cereiiiojy aften4ed'.by.-Governm ent offiejaasP,-,Vu4-!-
1: I I I I I, I __ I ,
I .. i, .
_:,., ,, i 1 4 0C ., -7th I ,- -I-'
.. 1, ., I 1: .'-,_,>; w It th f th -
1, I I i#6ssfiieA ?bud ment ers, 0 C 9 dff or: e er
-i 11 I I ': _, .- ,." e e .11,
i L I '. 1. 11, I 1,
i, I :, '_ I. .. :: .1 I I -1
,:!" I NEW SPORT- tXV& 10W .` '' i0ii Of 4fie I tovvn., I-, I I ., I __,'_,j
.' I I I 11 I I I .11, 1. : 1 I .." .- ,
;. .,:- -666ST ,: hW iElT`A'I'N"N& N'T, J ,' L__ ;.: I .. I _
,. 11 .. 11 -1 _, I )Funds totalling 6ver $56;0* -
:, : 11 i '' "I : ,, I I I
k'_ -- __ 1, ; -.: _-' 11 -
,;.,, ,CAJ[XNDER 1W HE Fou- I,- I hw al d'
", __ I .1 I I .,e,:, rea. y eencollected.p' '-
-, v I 1, -
'ANb .-IlAn-1, ur'- d an. all-out- drive formonthy,`, _',
,, ,T97tJ ST .1, _-, ".0, h T 6 :'B''- B ie -
Fi er I 17.1.,", 'L,
'' ., __ ,.. I I ,.', ,, ,, ,, -..':,
_'Workmen- pat',, t..e. ms -
11,",',,, il I .;S i ijied I ; ti, 'f fun ,e i
., I i a on o & -friom ,Cqmiiait 7,
'': n ,, 1;
.... I I 1-1 W l ,
,,,i:.i .11. th c b og th 0 W o I
touches to i:- d I "I
F _, .,., -:, ., I %i.i, I ,, I ,- and In utry,.forjlie.bjjildj '-
1, I-', nr,%i.. 1,-', ::., I ng-q; ")
.... 11 ,, I ILvy-"%it6,, -neW, i
-;,- ... 1-1-11 I I 1, 1 ,. .
". 1 -7-,. ", "-, ?_, Ricing 'Track, on the _Chai?p,, de,, -;1. In., _Ai& r4;.h : W ith U4 model-t t be ,
,,,,,;. -7:1. .1 -_'. 1 .:._ 11: I I 0 -
I e. ;; I -1 I % I ''." 11 1, I :1 ., I _. is un 7 1,
1, 1 11- : I ... : 1. I I
-,. ., e 1- I Mars, this wee I & ., _4
1. 1, i_ I- _f' th ",
., % 1 11 .. I I I k a .1 e sam e '. --: ,_,M
." r 4 I hi W;Vi I- -, 1. ,
,- -1 I. ,_ qYe 'i.' I et, yj I 'I sil, W eal yo J I -11 ., :. U N ,C e I ., ., 1_ I
: 11
Tli 4 /rnWet In! pil 44 A npi t -, z- Deputy Luc er -6imbrbnne`A
I" 'C4 ,iffi,6 I 11 1, -_ -,, ,,, time col eting special concre e .- 1, kn _
''I __ ili!i_ "I I _A:,- I
q 'al, ga*W -I'm S.." ___ ., .- ,. I I 11 I.. __ -'- '' -'-- I
W, ,,eT::i -, e- .' I yhounds 14, ,. 4 ldr- ., i -:gre r ,
_,, ., Preside4t,,q ,j D ali
-1X I 11 -11 I .- N, i kennels for,120 large .
p, I .. I Jos.ep, arr.au,, -Will be laid'_to -e,, pv _erville ,,,
onite4k _1',,UXpfibliAhed 'bas un' ,',,'U th' di ti of its, Vet- I h h "
11 I I I 41 PF reod on 1, ", I neit -the sea t ;hon e 1: I / I f --' : I ,
,;T ... il -, i 1 ac -Th I F d Led
I i 'Rrin ManA I I I I i I sing Cbm' mittee i" as' ,,j
one,,nio erniza ion.iliat: p4t ger,, W 4ugustin R.- : 'st :,along With, his son Serge In Lin --
.- I own 11 I personality 'L, I -i `
.-# Miami I -:CDRT have 're .", I I I '.
the. iaa I Os 16f.the .. I )f f 't
"d I I : 1, .. 1. -) on page 2) ,- a7l exb66tdd, to. 0 L
-,, -l ,. .,(& Lii 'praf 'Service
ass I 6.:-,,ek ,' '
7, ov, itrsi-..
it ., 11: : -,,, ',, Set_ October jth -as -Hditi ,
1, I t al and I I I I Tele I ekplained Ith '- I '
,. 4 1 I., I I I j : 77'. : ..., ,, -, -,, -takel place, I" weekend with .the e sQcialz ,
". I .. ': I I- 1: I :1, _1- 11- I I I .ni p og I I 1 I -
': I : : _.. I ..:._ 1. I. I -his' iifiiAca ns '
I 1, .- 1, %,' I io their _.
_. I .L. ,, ,- _- openi
-. I .. __ I I .-
'i_ .. I of 1 this town -,,and ,"
,- I arrival of the pemairis .. of
_- I 1, I., I ... L I- 11 I I ,..
,_.e,,.,- -_ --, -_- IL '.. ,., \ 1. I : Designed to proVi4e, entertain I~~ I I I I 1. eif
1. I 1. th -A
'' ` I :, .-::., I I .. k tim the, -Afr e t
--i ." 4., ,. ,, _. I I I I ; gbv* W s Orts to'ye, ,,
,,,': il -, -t _i. 1. I I 1, I I of, 1pa ,a I I I I ure ,fo ,.., ,. ''., 1, 11 V ,,i
1. I~ mi I .,
_. .- I I I I I I -] ment an g I .1 t
- 1, :". -. I ;, .,, ,. -. i ". I I I I ", ` whih,::U i4ations' 11 I ... :,
__ .. I ., ,ambling p eas niiea I ..I ?,,
,, ,, -,r ", L e, .1 : ", I d cZ l. c b4tq:_ 410: 1114iii .
,,. 1 I -. '' I P :)rih- ,-, -_1 I I I I ." -;1 -1 11
;., as ort,'au.,F ,'I, I.", ,i.
':-f, '
,- -
,,,.,,,5r1',...,. I ., I ; I I .. ,tourist8.-as. Well I I lChief I Dag. .14 arskjold : l6st I '. I I I 11 I I .- -7-7 ,'i
__ T-i 11 I I I I _. 11 IN sta_ I I I .11, 1: .-, '_
i .., T .'- 1 :
.1 I iTrack _00nin I % I 1.
,.1, I
--- 0" r _.I A I `119 .
,:I lp I cien_,zAhe,.Dog I is, 9 I ,
"Z __ 11
.t, g I -

"I I S _S 1 I I 1, 1 I I I 'bis, life-.' '' _, _. -1 1. I .1 a l ta n 7 D
I .1 1 1 I I 1, 11
I- -_-,--" : I '_: A .' I page' 16) 1 -A ..
' 1 ,,,- 11,7 K ., ,L.,i.,_,_.- ., 1 :-, _. -_ ; -' I .. .. ,
i, 1-11 (Continued On I I I I I '. ; ,,,
11 I I I I % :, I I I -, I 1.
I- I le I I 1; I I I I j ., I N -.1 li, -_ "'.., I I I .,I
1, ,..:: '. ". '! -.1 ., I I I 11 .
_,%,, I -, -,] I I 1, '. I ..
;riAft ,, _._ i I,
'. i'. I I 1, 1111
1. I _._ I- eted .Ll 7 I .; I "
L qp i ;0 ; a,_iTspe I-
nll I ., -,;, ., L 1 ,,,, 11 _:1 "I
j FL I .. :7
I -- -1 M ..' !: ,,, ,.-- z r f klk !! .., : _07A
I Jk I W 901, _.- __ _'__ --.:---,-- I :, .1
_, : '. _, i,
I ., I
,.. L', I e I ., : % *
41 1, V, ,.,,_ ; ,,,,A -, i '41 -.-stjZit- tommunitY ,,6
11U1 I I I ., I .11 -
_- "
-, r ., S
I "
In .
_-:_ _'q I- ." -:,.. I -1 1. -_, 1 ".
M= ,. .,.-,", t_ ,
t,,Y,;.-;,,- `P L "' "7
I,~ 7.,. -- I 1 "`, 'o n Gene I -agent. `,fo til I 1 __
I 11 --, _".. I I 9 Wsh,. 3. "i
1. 9 '. ra r. .- e n 1: :::
7 7 : 7 -1 I L ..- I % I 1 I I
t,- -, ,
..- I -1 :,7. ,,, I 1, ., -Ie," ,7:,,` __ "tI, L -""" ;, I I i ., _;1, I I I 11 '. _
'' I I s_ .1 _n d I I I I ""
.f i v ". ", .. I 11 ary- -,,
i; ,_ -: I _,
.-4- 1 `- .", ,'. -Z -,. I.,, -,,-- I i -,, _. _i, 7 ,:i. I .* brican Assutanep. Cbmany, .,.,,, ,, '
'' ._ ,, _,- .- .--"-,,,' ',-,_, _: _. I I 1, ,. ,
_. X'_.- 1. I .
,; I I :;- lw- ,g,f th6 ,- e _,
1_..' IIIi "-1, ." ,i,' ".";_ .. er I ,, of- ,:
I I I Toronto,; ana t I I I 11 I -- ,"", ,
." 'Y e i des I., -" d pa i a n A,, a I 1,
-, oung Amerippm t e -,gmning of, W i ; "' N4 1, i, -, '. .-
-,., .,( ye& 4:. By W bc '' I -6A e ` C L ; 4 P I : _r 1,
"'14, I .A, 11 1, pri ,:96 -,Rej)V 01, I I '.1 I
11 i:. I I 1. 611' 'inf Hait ian : I ,
m / "
1- .r ., e I 'entatio a' of the, k I I
eft by air SaturdaTIAS, t' eir ori -an, traii i at I ': 1 resi6 $Sur- : 4 P b i '. L
jiing I 11 I I ,-. 1 ."
,. & I. r.t L1, p I .1 I .-ly, Tuedd M iii, 1. I ,-:',,, ., -1 _., ;_ .; I.. 'Argqfttina" eai 0 C' C' ant -ssdclation.. I .. 11 I :1z
gent '61_volxi ts, Descha ., I I.. 1.
I 5
-, ..''.... sponfiff- ,pellesj, thex.flvp -Will,: be .,. _an e : omp :. I _;_ I ,
I 7', It .... :: -,;-
'4 ,_,;,,,ti. 1.1". m .ing b6f6re Port au; lirince: :: 7 I '_ z -
A j6r hidiiduall, ass, 'ent _1 1_1 ; .- :1,1, I I I I : I, ."'.
,, -.' .. American .; F)nends iady- ignm s I I .. I I _I
I I I I :_ ,: :
-, ". I 11-1. brigade, brought the ff6lrieS :Un' I I '.
I z, ., 11 I I _4
-SerVlce, ,Mraittee Q I ,6aiiS)., lor e`_xest of their. `ta:v m Haiti I -', I __ _. :' I I.,
I I 1 .-- :
I -
,. I iHe ,died. oi a heart attack at
'' _-:', I I ,' -, ; ;- der con't.tol. ,,-, I I ." 1,.1 -
"I I 1 7 _- ,.,,, ", tentative _'- I i',. ., Sal I 1 ,:.3 -
i h F9 witljm Dic`ussi je I I I -11
,_PY. a'" ',*p-e4qd''to'." i.]i Jtl'- 9 I .;,. --_ 1. ,
i 4 ., -' "Rr "W1 We es
i-,,___', r_1 I _7 7, __ HoP1M St..'Francois d e :_ I the"fire lstill un I II -
I- lpa fo, f the Governn6nt,' _under ., ., ,,,, ,, ,,, he "'. The' cause', 61, d, I

.e t '.Dr k -Lo kpe cinlst i Ner-. e F: T .. t. .". .;:

In Haiti T eeWwn 10 gs z ius th e 'S ftokL the1.^. bqr ah'eLA
.so- guest'. a. ,... C 1.:1eq4 pen ..Co .w 44L c i :+ ,
Sr By AUBELIN JOLIpOEUR t ', Eli' I" Abeth (i)D othyM drga- s a a 4
,Eizbet' (izo). othy Marg .sob ated Ha11yliel6', tii .....i ......
1.+.- '' -.,' ret Rau, a tall' and lovely nurse Canad. 'Tomn, .ws:. guet at .te \ :D s Ii.azuke, Duiecrt .
1." "At last Nancy Baussa found a name' fr from New Yprk,- topped here Iho Lele.., -: d .i ti ~.Hbest, Pchis tri iue,
this week .in company -with her **M. ,Archibald:,Hph Douga Poit' au Prmee. arrived is
.tler son. The name "Daniel Paul" was reluct- charming friend, Joyce Mary Consul of Tte United tates k dn in, omj n t
antly approved by Papa Paul, le Manager. of Vogt also ;a irse from Fort Port au Piince d wife Tean an e,rHein g.
Ibo Beach. The child was born on Monday, Lee, N.J. They were guests-at took'off Wednesday, fo.h afer n'ii 'and '3"Marc
September 18 at 7 am at-Clihic Bourrand, His the Ibb Lele Hotel; ,iz is a weeks vacation in the "U ..,.. they ..'are l-FPsycblitil
elder sister Celie, named after Paul's neither beautiful dancer..,'- Mrs. Max "Are currently' guests here th eparty,- the M6 s ..ai
Sh S Henrys, wife of Dr Henrys flew Mr Arthur, Simon,' an A' vesrts ,diajis. Dr Laiure is .e4.itigt '
celebrated her second anniversary on Septem- to s .'Angeles with her child- ing Manager fromm .Nw -ork .Canada a..r.being.decoraedb
ber 26 at the Grand Hotel Oloffson where Paul ren Guirla, 'Martial, arid Maud City and 'wife Sybtlf ohn. Moss. the,-Goverim nt.,e, :.
o. Jue met former Nancy Hogarth of Life Magazine who,will enter school in L. A.... Hogg, Breidetd' of. thace. Ife .*Praisea'.rle high .'boi t-,e WO
on June 2, 1958 while she was traveling along with Grace Eliza- Jearn Claude Armand took .off to from Arlingto;.. Vya,-.JImiBri ;B PserE ir.. Resta..nt's epp,'
beth Firer also a Lifer.. N.Y. Wednesday... sil Giorgiadis,' Will -'.Dab!.. ia. teak. -.This i tau I ,t ..
t *"Mr Alex Moore, of the Point Boat Captain. froin -'Dnimark At Bqurdbri ; iar the'.-f1 te' oir. '
IV- was Host 'at a dinner party and George, Klein, a btilder i .'.. bown 1 edby:, a ".-Nol'
Mrs Edith Doherty, charming wife of M- Duane Doherty Sup- given last 'Saturday for about from 'New .-York,,.'Lkwyer Milfoa- land, a grada te i*Cdr n
e v0 Crwr ,..J '....:j.
ervisor of the North Atlantic Kenaf Corporation in Haiti flew down one hundred guests at the Chat- Polakoff,, Ex4edutive'Finbar Ken- versify 'andwife -Gauirole.,. ,,1:-
Slast weekend, from her home in Palm Beach. Edith and Duane clet de la Montagne Noire. This. ny, Miss Augusta:.Hartwell, .**ArtGent,. c e' of
were among the keenest merengue exponents Saturday night at dinner was attended by lot of Percy A.. Muller a. Government the 'SOp6 ribr ih : adel-
Haitian and American Officials official ,front New Jersey, M 'rs phia arrived thi ,eor.Cm-...
Labane Choucoune... Aeia Ofical wte
among which some Ministers Margaret Lonergan, 'a division pany" with.' l ft- oour:,
-'Prominent businessman Charles Dejean and his'wife returned and thb U.S. Ambassador, the Manager and-daughter *Mary, an' a Fish Dealer to. ret~0th the
Sunday from a fifteen day vacation in New York with their grand Head of the USOM, etc... IBM..'Key Punch, Misses, Janet, Management of., th :.''TSDE
daughter Sandra 3, daughter of Mr and Mrs Raymond Flambert... **Mrs Franck Degraff, foi-mer Cunnungham and Kay .Joyce, MER. They are." g :ts .at the, ,
Monique Anderson, flew to New IBM Tab operators. frqm New, Beau Rivage... .
Senor" Juan Manuel Ramirez Gomez left Haiti Sunday with York this week after fifteen days York, Sidney Meyer, an accounf- '*Murray Knobef came. back
his wife and children after three .years as second Secretary ot here with her husband -and ant and ,4ife' Marilyn, a fashion this week with a party including.
the Mexican Embassy in Port au Prince... children. M o n i q u e who just designer from New York... Henrmy Corcoran, a- merchant
NMr Nasri Baboun. local textile tycoon flew to New York Sun- spent about two years ht Geneva "Engineer -Hyman B z ura, from Baltimore,. Maryland,. Jo-
School of New York where she Pesident -of the Bzura Chemical seph Stassi,. a Salesman '.'from
daincompanwthsonEdwardCowner of the Shop Le Con- stued bookkeeping will work Co and 'his brother Albert A. New York and Robert' David
tinental. They plan to make propagand- for Haiti in view of putting: February and will enter Colum- Bz@ra, an Exedutive and faw.er lacoveti, a restaurant,.f
it on the tourist map for the coming tourist season... 'bia Urnversity to study cherri- Isaac Kaplan of the same comi- Connectidut...' : -
*Anthropologist William Nibbling came back from New Jeise,'iJstry... pany ai-rived this week to watch '
Monday alter attending the funeral of his father. Regrets... "Sign- "Laawyer Peter -Henry Clay- over their project'of developing .. overt nan P : ntfet
ame" Alberto Tessore. a correspondent for the Italian Magazine ton, Vice President of the Meiss- some plantation -here, mainly Model a y -g
Sner Engineers arrived this week castor beans 'with their branch ..
Epoca of Turin in Latin America slopped here early this week ner Engineers arrived this week' castor beans 'wtth their.- branch -,, -
in company with Millard Curtis called Haitian Ariterican Chemn- :(Continued fr-om.,
to work on a story about the Haitian art with Italian artist Andrea Hobbs. The Meissner Engineers ical society placed .under the VIau, the aliclent tipf-toofIp
Calliano, founder of the Salon des Beaux Arts here... Dick Forgh- has the contract to plan the road general .ma.agemr pl-.pf-.Israew m die'-*t.8ia ha e t
am Manager of La Brasserie La Couronne back-'from a few wekk oi the South... industrialist Natan Abramoviftz be rdplaiced by: f.h'-
vacation in the States... Patricia Brennan from Philadelphia and "Mr Thomas Kennedy, of the In company with Bill Roney, style. edifie t tth W '
SAContinental Copper & Steel of and their agronomist" Fequiere Prison. mWth such .comf6bl?'i"
her friend Alida Sanchez, a secretary from San Antonio Texas .
aNew York was on an inspection Lazare and Mr Gerard. JeaA Jo- working co'nlitions a s .'"ai.
are current guests at the Chatelet de la Montagne Noire... trip at the Sedren Copper mines seph; the industrialists mention- tioning' ti.. he4 hbdauil ig.%.
ed above wenf to the Artibonite rated Saptembeir .22 by--resld-&
Valley to attend a meeting of, ent' Dr :-Frdndols. uivailU: :ias
22 rich planters 6! the -Valley beepr digZtto fit the 'tta"i
^ w '*#who got together in a coop*er- Prned ky- line btyYout fi 't
S active to cultivate castor beans chitect -Roger Mallebranc '

"Cooperative Of Butchers":
S Foreign Aid'Law Offer's Incentives To iU.S.F rn .
Communique '.
G d ye iq WASHINGTON-It remains' for ion. Totl 1Aid toan atlipo
the U.S. 'Admininstration, the Se- ity also- was life to. fbillior'
Good hygiene is the basis for a healthy life.' If we consider the pre-, nate -and;the IHouse to, settle A-Risk
vious archaique conditions of the sale of meat, the processes which arose4 t h eil three-cornered -stiggie et aide totarl''
- from it were absolutely abnormal. '. -4 over -the .money ,invoTe&.-'.l $10o mili- tin. er ~(1 '
The Butchers of the Capital, conscious of their civic duty of conitibut'- FE ridaent ennedy's rst.forei guarantees, vetring" both. pQ .
ing to the Sanitary protection of the collectivity and to' the pogress' -of aid:rd is no o te and -normal .commsoe --
the country want in the following way to bring their stone fo the cons- Juhd- the' prto .q d adn ve tnt n -u
traction of the New Haiti. t' active package" of! private The Senate cl&eda on' restric'
Senterpse incerifives and bene n-p -, s .jnr- i oveR .
Therefore, they are forming a co operative of Butchers "UNION DES ts' prepared after .m'oti-'.pf age o.b$10 iop fln o
FRERES BOUCHERS" which is. and will be the only organization distribh Taw Ne, York b: Thopr t er1erxCt
uting meat on the Port an Prince, Petionville, darrefour, -Croix des Mi.- ey, William ale -i ~0
sions,' Croix des Bouquets and Gres sier markets. Research, and for aCnge. i bidiafe.s whic ae
"ian Frank Coffin, headt;o:f.t t bSwhed But t i a
The opeiwtions will begin on- Oet6lr,2 S16. From .this date any whole- 'e opment Loan Fund. I "leeway anuaie" t
sale order should be laced at the olleie of the Cooperative, 122 Rue de5scop o Prigam, a leglaltierid Qtha e l
S, Miracles. --' T prLate.f 0regn p ivestmenf Tanrieetvd d &k' ef
gu'-arty p 2 o g rtamo haS' h een QoTereit an
Sbroadne iii several apect as arq l e
S In addition's reprieve of for days is ded to any bucer to iqi part btifs in orpora tion inAid, w U. .- I -
ate any meat he has in stock. -- the iage. .. ad is te,.il ., suri n.
Port Pri nce, Septembe 196'. foreign .ai i' as a"'E
so ,' pbI.3tto

ANDRE SIDNEY, President ACH E LAROSE Dqa b whih nve& 4.
Sbuy. Ue.S. go ~t en. pr6tecti6" 'bibe. e t
'.SH i-he orders will be delivered to clients at their ..ddresses. gaist lQst.. 'h t grb. Ig one -tne. rqerve

.'.';.' .t ....- .."" ,.'a R_ .,-
... :.,..+.:, ,, ,.;,! ..;..:.! Z .. ... ., 44.

P1oO a- ,he 1OA es*aya4bl'fMexh R, bAK
- a t AME RICA- gram, -and _.2propgatin dthfecangs N` Tehncoo At
UR day: DI R GR M'h are, oobykill, forwird W to -~ qceSviO P "
1 o 'C U ) C1 5 ti n t e Q L c r d r o r a d i o a ma, e J c b 3 K w t he uM Ps
s ,h' shotwave po adshrae listenersdoantus e yw ever- i -S L M IA T R M V L SA E M V N
e, vew tnuithy presret Litn-myfrir N W A D A G R L C T

uweek thVoice e- therQL arst heofte O alteb utf 6ancer0v A44 Q*, of
amracss th_-O_foreast theoan _VAsavailabe: fo- wxho aeifune knsadU T DU E I V N O
tterestoliba' to ]R e o v a -jt n' ~ ~ ~ ~ o Radiou Radi6ms tho all the witme liteer o thev-lam
aso h-wrdt, a r ~ iosSh esLE thonotth a.Te of Telokn fomrware to rl de civingClmiaP cu e

ram cons' Salle
n ote'a es ks don brandct s chedulq flistener -O pctceSALOME'! h c

io ve u rs arondthve, Amtu 'Rdo Pmghram, teffe f. alloMr Sthbeautiu Granger NEW AN LOL A RGER LOBURDIONS

r4j4 ''rpgto UT RE U E IVN O Y-
-dacu' fte -Jatest Bill Leotmbna troud gods cosinethr e whorle d bea nhtonhe Fo RE l6.5 NOW HAtTheBLAMGPOSTS SHO
finicadigh nes'f inens tolo by- Techniolor, Bhox 29e ONLYe a d.95.a

or ~ ~ Amtu, ai he an intetieseri ved.t s

I4 Tncliod,---- i te -English .
,,uagWO, arLrte n ~c` a shin go -m4, D. CmDasnce do rhepresentVeils othall
erica's"A oedng' new dombodatshdl o h O pcal,-AOwh: So p" d~ hIai.

n, pro uces West, Ind 1ie s a follows Am. pro a*c e hu er s 4ao y N A
nightHal glr-e in6atbtehnclr hsWekOL 79.

03334 10TI-05ME 7: And OTESAPvnCHAE rcs
stagt Raaes froidanhotdsk
30~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ cem Hl cannot Gives4 Westn Inis E r. ta maie ac esos
90~~~~~athn 25.2 WLWlr, Latins Amespicaa imasinenepeenaioef l
405~ ~ ~ 1.3 WS-Laddtion l Amria that Refish toy an lend'hv
9 1112 WIO- SLtins Aeriac said OaTr bune t SALOME's tepin omdlolaes hairsft,
130~~~dna 19.57 WBOU- haert Inie E. So Am manageable-shinn 'yers go
Hn salo oorlorful nauaihihts!


Arrie 7th Atr 7.o Pim hs Mek-1''ns q olc

AND~~~~/0 LCYDLASNot ao soicpy notla
Thus Halo -rfies ourairo Gie IRDIDOOt

2 Addtina B rs l Ai d Refreshmnt2 et s~r aoAeias
St'anClub Hous Of, Tet Reine fTbrasngfolavoest hairo sooa.t,
k~~~ightly~~_ heM n aorvair -sher -de wiuy fthea
daj~~drq41- frmEot

Margo Polo Was A Piker

To Jet Clipper

'o. Polo and Columbus
i.stodgy stay-at-homes com-
to the every day Odyssey
skmodern jet airliner.
ay's swept-wing will-o'-the-
cover the ground like
l1all, laugh at oceans and
continents cuddling up to-
r like pups in a shoebox.
d the jetliners are proving
Gives to be true, depend-
workhorses, keeping busy
their appointed rounds- eight
an hours a day, every day.
eUs take a look at a typical
th in the life of the Clipper
Indian, a DC-8 jet based
Miami and operating along
American Votlid Ajrwa.s'
fung routes in Latin Ame-

ipper East Indian started
Inonth out in San Francisco
opened wiith a rush. It flew
h San Francisco to Sao Pao.
Ora7il, on the first day and
k again the ncxt a mere
FO-mile loLiidlip in tI o

rom San Francisco it herad-
;outhwaid to Gu:.temala. and
It the next s er',al days fl.>y-
between Guate-mala and
ston and Giatemala and


to Rio de Janeiro. Then it zip-
ped up to Paramaribo, Surinam,
and took on passengers for the
inaugural flight opening'jet ser-
vice between Paramaribo and
New York.

The next day Clipper East In-
dian took its one day off during
the month, undergoing repairs
to a wingtip slightly dented in
a collision while it was being
towed on the ground at New
Then it was back into service
with a days journey from New
York to Nassau to Miami and
on to Panama. The next day it
was dispatched on a oneday
roundtrip between Panama and
Los Angeles a 6,042 mile day's
t% ork
During the next two ueek-:s,
Clipper East Indian flew nine
round rips between Gia Leniala:
and Houston, and half a dozei
more between Guatemala,. Meni-
da and New Orleans. and Gu'i-
termala. MI crida and Miamni.
Tv ice, in addition to its r('-u-
larly scheduled passenger flights
for the day, lihe DC-S also spr-nt
ser-iral hours aloft in filgih'
cr:-.\ iraninng flights.
During the month. Clipper
Ea.,t IndiLul flw from s'inmm -'.

arting off its second cek. to winter and back to s-ifinflt
per East Indian figuratively, hali a dozen timnis as it trivc-r-
a deep breaih anil in one sed the equator, %here seasons
flew from Guatemala to retcerse.
ida, Mexico. and New Orle.- It flew 111,000 air miles iii
back lo Guatemala and the 30-day period the eqwival-
ce all the way across the ent of almost halfway to the
cdest part of South America noon.
lao Paulo a day's work It racked up a little more tha.i
mere 6.189 miles. 223 hours of flight time, an a'.er-
age of about 7 and a half v.ork-
le next da. Clipper East ing hours a day, dr-spile its one

in flew back to Miami,
e it pickEd up a 121-mem-
group trom the General Fe-
dion of Wonicmn's clubs and
them on a special 4,26.3-
nonstop flight from Miami

Th6 Co
ing of m
at policy
next yea
the move

- Caribbean 'Organization Plans ..-

Trade Talks In '621N B.G. .

uncil of the Caribbean station from lMr Janet Jagan Inter-island ,transpoit.a t i.o n,. -
tion has called a meet- that, the ministerial trade con- trade promotion,, tariffs, tourism ..
ministers of government ference ber held in Georgetown, and other matters related- to.
-making level for early British Guiana, -la.te March or trade are expected to. come up"'
r to discuss trade and early April next year, and- at at the Georgetown conference,
*m.ent of persons in the the same time decided to hold according, to a.. source, close to

The Standing Committee also
was expanded from the suggest-
ed four to seven members, un-
der the chairmanship of the
councilichairman, who is Maria-
no Villaronga, of. Puerto. Rico,
through 1962.

All Represented

In the sev6n-member body all
political entities of the Caribbean
Organization will be represented,
Jince France represents three of
the nine members Martinique.
Guadaloupe and French Guiana.
The council accepted an invi-

day of idleness. Its single-day
trips ranged from 2,237 miles to
6.S35 miles.
The month's log of the Clip-
per East Indian graphically il-
lustrates the high degree of self-
reliance that is built into today's
o.,ig, rugged jetliners.

In Pan American's internation-
al operations, Clippers must re-
main away from their home
base for long periods at a time.
'hpper East Indian, for examp-
'e, was operating for most of
,he month anywhere from 1,000
io 4.500 miles from its home
jase at Miami. It was in Miami
-nly five times during the en-
'ure 30-day period.

Caribbean Construction Co. SA.
Builders Of The Military City
Gen. Manager: Gerard THEARD
Phone: 3955. P. 0. BO.. 284

a regular council meeting there the secretariat 6f the Caribbean
at the same gime. I Organization.

- I

Scotch when- iet .


Yo k o .. .
* S.e***tB@wO -@ .*@* 0-

A s M 1S w --'M going stton, .


finuree ^qqaknC 4e

.1 '
y.._ -- ..

aa~~~ i -a^sf~ .*'
w .


Port au Prince, Haiti .--=- --

..-.. ......"" .A..
... ... 4 .. .. ., ..



-.- ,:: .:. H A IT -I IS U-N .- ; .-
." ,o Conunlty 'Weekly Published. Suda' Mondng
Edl to,.r-PubUsher 'BERNAR DIEDEBICH ..
Gerant-Besponsable .MAUOL LABISMIERE '.


HAMPOO,! the Haitian, and American Meat Packing
Plant shipped out some 12,000 pounds of meat to Puer-
to Rico this past week 'and opened upj a new 'venue
of dollar income for the country.
HAMPCO management put the value. of -'thet ship-
ments by air to San Juan as between $5,000 and $6,000
each. and stressed that a large .chunk of this revenue
goes to the small farmers from whom the animals are
purchased; to labor in the slaughter-house (well su-
pervised in sanitation and preparation) ad the pro-
cessing and packing section. r

HAMPCO report the customers satisfaction with th"-
quality of the meat .which the Puerto Ricans place
above that received in the past from Central America.

This is a good example of what private enterprise
can accomplish in putting earned income into circula-
tion in the community, while at the same time paying

.It is hoped that HAMPCO's quality meats will spell
the end of importation here of foreign meats. At the
same time the HAMPCO might envisage a solution
along with the" butchers for catering 'to the needs of
the lower-income bracket at home here and compet-
itively put an end to backyard abattoirs for the health
-sake of the citizenry.

Itef..7~37 vNecPlugUltras ofselfwinding
watchds. 39 Jeiels Gyrotron powered.
See the superb i96o Girard-Perregaux
<(Seledtiori i models at foremost jeTcllers.

N SAL E., A T T.H E ]


, .. _"
_ -. *" ^ ,* ', ....

' ". .. ... ..'



Cap-Haitien, Halti.-

Entering -and clearing a .yacht
from Cap-Haitien is a c6mpleg
and irritating business, one cal:
culated to give, a yachtsman ul-
cers of. the stomach.

As you come in, a crowd of
officials board you, some in uni-
form and some in civilian cloth-
es. They demand thirteen dol-
lars and cheerfully inform you
that will cover all expenses of.
entry. Also that yachts are wel-
come and that no charge -will
be made for' the docklge. This
all sounds very nice, until a
couple of days later, another
"Otficial" comes along, carrying
an important looking briefcase.
and insists that you pay him
another five dollars for "Inimmi-
gration", and another five dol-
lars for dockage. It is useless
to argue, for the difficulty of
language makes it practically
impossible to get anywhere, as
he speaks only French, or what
passes for French, and you only

You are also then bombarded
by "Ship Keepers" and runners
ani taxi drivers. These latter
are the most dishonest of all.
Going ashore for the first time,
I engaged one to drive me up to
Mont Joli Hotel, for which he
wanted four dollars ($4.00). I
refused to pay that and finally
compromised on three dollars.
The next day I discovered that
the normal fee was fifty cents

Getting clearance from this
Port is even more exasperating.
As I was clearing for a port- in
the Dominican Republic, I went
first to the American Consul who
Was away. His assistant knewi
nothing at .all about clearing a
yacht, so I had to go to the
Dominican Consul. This gentle-
man spoke no English, but was
most obliging, sending for. his
wife who spoke good English to
do interpreting. This good ih-dy
also kept me refreshed with cool
drinks, while her husband .spent
about -two',hours on several sets
of papers, all in Spanish, with.
six copies of each.. For this he
would accept no payment at all.

"Then you must,' see the local
*Port Officials, without whose
permission you cannot 'leave at
all. These men. have no official
office, seem to keep, no regular
office hours. No one seem to
have teleplione, and. you must
pursue themi all over town in
a taxi, which is fine for' the
taxi' drivers.. ,MY, taxi bill: for
pursuing the.otoicia:ls was
around seven. dollars, all- told .
Then aqther five dollars' for the '
man .i'th the papers, who must; .
.tiak 'them to the -bead Official,
if -h, b-ca be fond. .More taxis,
mfore tips. 4~9o a final $2.00'-for ),'
,plrnst Cj, 'My L-fountain, pen :; '
, I', *.'.;, ,, ,-:. :, p '- ,: ,**. :.. ,,
i T. I' !) '*. : l 'I i .' :1. .,j,. i .*\ ,I .y ,11 */. "Fit:. i*

disappeared with me nnal pa-
ED. NOTE-It .is believed that
Tourist Minister 'Victgr Nevers
Constant is going to rertedy this
unfortunate situation that has
been brought to the attention of
the yachting world by a new
book, "Craising the Caribbean."
*" This kind of adverse welcome
for yachtsmen who are an in-
teresting source of tourist dol-

The More You Kno

The More You Like


Notes' For Bo6k, On. ",Crusinig The Caribbean"

'. '" "'


v !;*

S ". '
.' .. -.*/
"..- ;. *,


Excusiv. Distribute:;
,"151 Re dtii -Centre:

tI-Tk BETT t :A StCO :.
z... .
..'. + ",:.=..., ='. ..., ... :. '... :, :.. ,;,. .. ... .Y*-

- .. :..!j. l_ .,

i lllIit

lars' should be rectified ap, so
as possLbie. Yacht tosi
normally have to provision. thet.
ships and often spend 'IU.nie
ashore in hotels and hire -taxmsi.,
(if they feel they are not being'
taken for a. ride.)
It has been suggested that .all
Haitian Ports 'be given direct-'
ions on how to treat and charge
these yacht tourists.
Re,iilatinns regarding a for-
eign yicht's, entry into Haitian
waters should be also ironed-out
with Hlaitian Consulates abroad
to ensure that no double charge'.
is levied upon them, all in the'..
interest of promoting Tourism.

w About Scotch

Cutty Sark


= Fosse Naboth Project Nears

Completion In Valley
Deschapelles-According lo an tibonite and the International pression in the 'Atibonite Valley
agreement entered into recently Cor po r a t i o n Administration, at a cost of $90,000.00 financed
between the Organisme de Deve- a plan was approved for the bw a special U. S. Fiscal Year-
loppement de la Vallee de I'.r- drainage of Fosse Naboth De- 1981 dollar grant.


rr *
'. ., !

r .-$. ,* ..
-:'i ."* ? < $-9 *
r ,. .
,- ,, ".- --... T t .
,, l. .: ,, /, ..

1-.., :-|| "|p


-. -, a 1i, b g" .'8.7W '

The International Corporation
Administration signed a contract
With the Entreprises Haitiano-
Americaines Eugene Carrie for
the execution of the work. ThiE
contracting firm under the ablk
management of Eug. Carrie did
the job under the direct super-
vision of a s p e ci a I I y assign.
ed ODVA Construction Enginee
and the ICA Irrigation Engineei
Advisor assigned to the Artibo-
nitq Valley, -as was provided for
by the contract-.

The Fosse Naboth Depression
was at one time the main bed
of the Artibonite River. Like
most meandering delta rivers,
the Artiborute frequently qver-
floLed its banks and deposit
flowed its banks and deposited
Its silt load, resulting in
the. formation of a gently
sloping alluvial plain,
down and away from each bank.
When the Artiborute changed its
coarse, the main irrigation can-
ais were constructed along each
bank of the abandoned river bed.
and the dry bed itself, became
a habitation site in which sever-
al peasant communities event-
ually developed. Economic pres-
sures forced the peasantsin this
area to live m the abandoned
river-bed and to reserve the fer-
tile alluvial plain for cultivation.

A problem was created when
the main irrigation canals begin
leaking water into the abandon;
ed river-bed. Due to the fact
that the depression was not pro-
perly drained, there was a re-
sulting development of stagnant
lagoons which flooded many of
the communities in the Depres-
sion. Living conditions had be-
come, therefore, extremely un-
sanitary and the incidence of
malaria was exceptionally high
in that area.

Looking for an answer to
these- problems, the ODVA was
fortunate to see its- plans, as
far as Fosse Naboth is concern-

to be financed by DLF Loan Chevreau, .Gilbert, Hautefeuillc
No. 58. Poursant et Tabourbe.
This is how Point IV camq to -The equipment used in thesp
sign a contract with Entreprises important works is composed' o
Haitiano-Americaines' Eug e n P the following:
Carrie, a Haitian concern, using 3 D-8 Caterpillar "
American Material and Equip- 3 Scrapers. 20 cub.yds.-.Cate
ment and financed by Americaa pillar
Dollars to raise the banks of 1 LeTourneap Scraper, 9..cut
the main irrigation canal on 16 yds..
kilometers in length and 4 to 5 1 International' TD-18
meters wide on both sides. 1 International TD-9 .
As provided, the standing sta- 1 Galion Grader
gnant waters impounded in t-he 1 Caterpillar Scraper, track
land-locked lagoons are remov. or drawn -
ed; leakage, stopped; malaria 1 Mechanic Chovel, 2 c.ul
bearing mosquito breeding yds. -'
grounds, eliminated. .
-. Thanks to the Government '.
This canal beginning at Villa His Excellency President DiuD
forming a large" curve to I'Es- lier, the Artibonite Valley .an
there, irrigates the following ha- its inhabitants. are now enj9n
bitation sites: Bois-Line, BWis better living conditions. '
Georges, Desvallons. S a no i s, (PR,


oneu d0u Qu0i

SCulptures by PAINTING S.*

R. .TFRANcOIS dedeor

I A .Di MANCHE J.. cabriel.
N. ean.m
-iiii--i iT-- ---- ..

ed, gain priority among others a



iNikkorex .. CAMERA! I



,. .. ,-... .... .... ..-.. '" ...
...- .. .. 2 .. :, ., .-- *-t ..t.. ':, i, ...,. .: ;: ....) :.: ,i

P4. SoO U


3DTO R EDGO: '.Pa CENTER, atar



DBAG444T4 4 4, GE4N44







VALe SOifts GOL &r friLen theER DAIS And
ithout~~~PAIS affect uoa eeus afr ora
4 <4 4AN
4 4~ 444.'J

4V6o 14j 4n 4AF BAGS,44 4
44.d 444t4 uL 44P; 4 44-44 44

," d 4a~s US, 9P
44 4 44

% 44
44 44 q,
4 4

For An African Lingua Franca

.,,TO. ,

By Dr. R. N. DUCHEIN tercourse with their people of gush or Portuguese. Of course,

That there is a need for a
: common language is obvious.
The helplessness of African tour-
ists in Africa and the embar-
rassment of African delegates
at-conferences organized by Afri-
can states in their endeavour
C toward African unity are indis-
. putable proofs. '
Three main European langu-
ages are spoken in Africa south
of the Sahara: French, English
and Portuguese. If Africa is
united, it would be impractical
to always be using interpreters
in deliberations in the assemb-
lies or for business or in social
intercourse. It is therefore clear
that the Africans, beside the
language imposed on them by
their former masters, will have
to learn the languages of the
former masters of the two other
groups. An Angolan or a Mo-
zambique speaking Portuguese
wll be forced to study English
and French while a Liberian
will have to study French and
Portuguese. It is then necessary
to study two languages for any
African who does not want to
feel like a stranger and to bc
isolated in large sections of Afri-
After this introduction, we are
in a position to tackle the prob-
lem of a common language.
The Africans certainly would
feel more proud if in their in-

other regions they use a langua-
ge that- Africans have created.
Some people have objected
that the use of an African lin-
gua franca will throw us back
as we will lose. the benefit of
the large store of knowledge al-
ready acquired by the more ad-
.vanced nations while we have
to take a considerable time to
translate literature and scienti-
fic materials into the language
of our choice. This could be true
if we were suggesting that Por-
tuguese, English and French, be
abandoned. But such is not our
intention. On the contrary, we
are suggesting that these Europ-
ean languages be maintained in
those parts of Africa where theyI
are presently official languages.
but that in each one of the re-
gions one African language, the
same everywhere, be taught as
second language instead of an-
other or two other European
languages, in order to facilitate
intercourse among Africans and
blend them into one people It
th' future.

.Knowing French or English or
Portuguese, we have already
open to us the vast treasure of

later, we will have access to
those materials through, let us
saY, "Haussa or Amharic tran-
We have now come to a very
difficult point in our study of
the question of adopting an Afri-
can language. Which one.
The major objection presented
by few of the intellectuals with
whoih I have discussed is that
each group will want his lang-
uage to become the lingua fran-
ca. He will not budge from his
position, and the ensuing dead-
lock will make any decision im-
I remember arguing with one
of those Africans who have not
yet brought home the new idea
of African oneness. He could
speak a perfect French, but with
an African .accent. He belonged
to the kind called "evolues" or
"assimiles" meaning Africans
who have acquired French cul-
ture, are received in French
society, sometime are given a
French girl as wife and who bad
been pulled away from their

French, English, German, Rus- people according to the well
sian, Spanish. Italian, Portugu- known tactics of 'the colonial-
ese, Japanese and Indian liter, ists and who had come to con-
ature. as most great works from sider themselves as French.
these countries have been writ- Shrugging his shoulders and with
ten or translated in French, En- disgust on his face, he said:

"Now, to force us to speak
somebody's e ls e language..."
Amazed, I gazed at him longtime'
and said: "Is it not -that both
you and myself we' have been
forced to learn the language of
somebody else,, for, the ancest-
ors of both of us did not build.
French and' English. Is it not so?
We have been forced by peoples
wh6 have conquered our country,
flogged our fathers and mothers
subjected us and inflicted on us
all kinds of humiliations. We
don't feel ashamed to talk
French, English, or Portuguese
and we would feel ashamed to
speak Haussa or Swahili just
because we were not born in
Haussa land or in East Africa."
"Forced!... How can we talk
of force in a matter like this?...
There will be no such thing
as force to be used. The African
people will understand that they
must talk one common' langu-
age and instead of making
French or English universal in
Africa, they will be proud to
select one of their own langua-
ges for all to be encouraged to
study, but each group will con-
tinue to speak .hbi native lang-
uage or the European language
he likes."

My "French Assimilated" bow-
ed his head in shame; and so
we parted.
On another ocdasion'I disutss-
ed with another intellectual, a

-~ a~

-' -'-f *';-.x -~



hr -i ,

-. ~ -

,. "
." "," .: \.:./ ., ".*'';-. .
,,./, ::.? ,-_..+; ;, + ,'',':* ;* ^v, y= : ; 4 ;;&::.. '* *i

: 'THE.-Aif HOR... A.g
..(Continued froa page 1) '!:.
of. Liberia where he. has reall'
ed hlis childhood dreaii; to- re-&
turn to Africa. In the meantime 'q
.he has become a Liberlan. eiti -
en and his travels have taken'
him throughout Africa, where -he "
has studied the Dark ContinentiZ'
roiblems first hand, collect '1
Invaluable m alt e r i a i for.' 'Is
forthcoming book that. deals wlthli
his theories of Pan-Africanism.
He has foundhis place among
th6 intellectuals of the African .
Race; those who prepared, the
ground of the African Revolu-
tion. 'During fie past ten years
In his .articles published in -Afrl-'
can and in foreign reviews he
has defended the inedntestiable
rights for African independance. 'I
Doctor D uchein is '.thf -
proumotor of the Pan Africa *1
ideal, which calls for 'all the'
Black. States to unite in 'one ,
vast Federation. '
,In one chapter of his book .
"Pan-Africanism, The Only Way i
To Survival," he studies the pos'
sibllity and advantages for -the'
countries with Black majorities
in the Western Hemisphere, that
of Haiti and Jamaica and the
other Islands of. the: Ahtiles of
the English Language, to unite
with the new and powerful Afri-
can States of the future.

highly educated man, graduate
of Oxford, what himself is very_,'
enthusiastic about PAN-AFRI- G#i
ANISM- to the point that he'"iil
writing a book on the subject3:C'
He also feels that none of ot,-'
people will accept to speak the'.-.
languadge'6fe a tribe'otherdhe.i
his.. Asked who he believes wMff
feel that. way, the ignorant in a
the bulk of the people, or fej
intelligentsia,, the lawyer, t,'
artist, the doctor, the journalisij
the university: professor whosee,
representatives from all the re,
gions will sit around a table ..
discuss objectively for a ](
time before reaching a conclu.i
sion, he replied: "Both".' .
need to say that I was shocked.
-- *. ,..







ONLY P1.00

Children O0 Ceto.

Private resting Roo .

White -Sand Beach' '

Fine Restaurint and Snack' Ba



..>..:AS-.. ,
"t ,' ".. "., "..; : A K :
,. ,. ,. < ." .. ''.,X -










^alH .I


Eis ei ea re in psa e o-, si f ugssp nb

t1 tin he.he efwbencv to q be u ess an nd (1iprat A hspito h icsk
NEreated aRE!ttgt p hg pi approach there -arpied si oiint aeage
1 g tj otgi it lckpole ho ht Afiannauae to optechieofaliga rna danetwadth outoI

cambv e a u r;a play'n th s o es f t-e ter an he ep s sot o h e a io, i aming thadt 'bma e forty' s- il be6 Jean d f.
gwldg, hehe I mut A tiat Nh tetmniso epublsimte in"' tlic 'id-rfties dI daaa -h dagae ms e Ver c, vglaYoruba, Ian'
vai$' Fn g pal oe oin uc sHrdtswonv osd r d aliss s,t widlyspoe i, Heatie easy th rego e~itcad sre ohe
g t f-t e _r m I -acI Afrca -.chli T fi seen teg al ststalfo aco onan lermshve eced nap aoudwih he is sio wi

dr-,inaherd- s c. e tl l ist tor the what ,n dSev e itiu hoic eb spedaorte istat ofI mygis and mateWilrst fo n t 'eahn v uste of ga'soe,,b m'los

Swahric iFort mntl wbulin thes Africal er sonlit too.eI rI had th uk e Te a ofe c 9ondi ~tio s en et cnie-ol h
s As o~fricns is care rov mucha t edb Egoym tit bn nn hs eetdt ak geduoi i~ees o odo fia hi eie

pused n~tie ackroud tastibn tes prou cfingi- yhl oypit bi oi uages~spokn byi aew impousandt A t thill decint e the discusson
22. ri othe o eopl doen', owat hito be
t, noThusefor e~er ion. no waglsh tanslackt~ion tat Ion, oiohessosauav od te wmall depnduages tha-mtho th-wllaie by
c iceta myo itop anow -broughtpt toe.e. anohe lhngh ofill ta ahe ndtionse jutsappited. esw inuaposito to makeumgeat'
was f4rf~ -h fiaiae the hoide, of had ligas to c adacen tCowadthed slton ofe 0

windard y blackjct peoples whoi.an The authban dis ses bghil
> po ved tat wr f raon comaejis eals a es adtown rove the.uat as o~a.teLnuaFaelfrwl'ppo~hfege e
wJi llt c fe e- ubd asha med larn en fexrsins hyae
lao ae e. asohe trb tta ores'y Eofptea z eitanguag e, 4)oI_.suho.teSh6igi-mn ht agaewl ertie o

,.o l 'vheir alfi aeldsof hl

ea'k2iite devJ e lop t1 eimu st, t 'bes A mharic a2 Y2 M an- 7'x
drawn, fromaes thmahed es tetinne -ofdf (pEvehryi th .ite)IShaa agae

oft iseatudr b r mh y rach e'.oAsals r zCek noDo
reshsieyi 1 rn h ad viasited, EgytoWlf an aseaentems sialfoacomnJn lanmuthvreceana-aon wihtedscsi il
inn6 os'dt a h abitants.ofthe:bo graet-sc'111_ieTific g.Tis ws a tnaiv rc dge fdvlomn etr
6usan doseibt inb ditryu choic baosek on the ties aTtE ofmTHd'mtrasotacigms
e,...ihavereds the b oos to, Othe EATVTY

ma-rw oftei thbe' whe o wil atswl- nevu

buldn t eh, to bof e i Tha abovf e cnitionbig mrt n,'osdr ol the

fie amongk -toe selecedto mak agreO uponit wil e es ogo fArc nterdlb

suchl species'k ede .. To me t, ope

re ason toplwo,4y Nae~so en by fei'h s a v
Pi African. Unotntl thr sgiealdu e th p o epe,-Idnt nwofayo wihal ttsrersne
Bun 2a 2fr2dseato o Egis rnlto ta.Iino ohr h ayhv odo tesallnuae2>tfl wl bd y
I~a 'onvnc'd ha my- ppn-,knw,:-o. ras22A02 prfraohr ag il heniisjs ttd ospoefragmn'
2et .ws,,rn. T eA rcnug .424 It, .2222>be2a 1 r akt o-(~rtn npg 0
el~<'24 2i to wil not~2:~. i~jet 2nfi n Teatodsussln
>22gag and4 vote~ for a,2 foeg of2" the22 vau'fteAfia
,,pm on- angage'jus ecaseuage an toproe tht a
will feel, asam d 222 ler means2 of 2222222 tey a
lanuaI e f rie e l o-db E roea2lng 2g,,2

42he othe 22 22 2u
e42ll when~2> thy ae"-fe e.pblse nh bo ls
222. spa2irt rdvlptersayo.pyis hnis n
22~ nativ lagae. f%224r~ic in2lf.'vr
2p used in thos sciences

-Tha wehav anuagt Ah dsitscountepar in_ wloA
WZ,24 04

22a My 2in -wrso 2'H 1E
rea the book-2422>~ of-'2Y O iE AI

22 2 '2`5
4, .2'> 22,Y,


2 2 O tt2
>2. It

.4t i -
J4-tuojAAiue40 MLt'es u g

FOR AN AFRICAN LINGUA FRANCA African esperanto. for nearly a all, as 'very little. would be tak a language preign to .n
century is fighting in vain for drawn from each- one of the ca to sdrve as the, gbhicle for
S (Continued from page 9) versity, and written many im- recognition as a language to sa- several hundreds African dia-. the thoughts, of our spiritual
..sake that the majority would be portent works fn that language tisfy all Europeans. It is called lects. It would be .difficult .for leaders in. ou struggle for the
ip favour of Haussa. In it we such as the voluminous Haussa a laboratory language, wholly each one to recognize his -lan- 'gieat nation We are -strnving to
would have a language that Dictionary by Bargery, the us- built in t1e study of a scholar, guage in thai true hodge-padge bulld. Thanks to God, our fore-
would hav6 a language that Dict y Bargery, the Hsaus- o, -
would fulfill all the conditions sa Grammar by Charles H. R- and does not have soul as a lan- that an African esperanto would bears have created fine langu-
mentioned previously. It is not binson, and the Practical Haussa guage which has sprung from be. ges which in all regards are inot
y in the north of Nigeria Grammar by F. W. Taylor. the people during centuries or inferior to any European lang-,"
tat Haussa is spoken. In the Now Haussa is a complete lan- millenniums of evolution. It would Let us not complicate our pro- uage, whether French, Englis-
Niger Republic, in the North of guage, flexible, harmonious, with take a long time to create, deve- blems. At this crucial hour .in or Portuguese..' E s'""
Ghana, of Dahomey, of Togo, a rich vocabulary, that would lop the African esperanto, then the history of Africa, everything
they speak that language which be a wonderful instrument to prepare teaching materials and for a greater tomorrow lay in Oned Indim gentleman, D6ctorm(
is spread' as far as the Sudan help the Africans in the deve- train teachers. This long pro- our hand. We-must approach in medicine and journalism (be
where live two million Haussa lopment of their civilization. The cess would throw us back. Fur- our problems with a practical does well in both) told me one
speaking people. In the southern teaching of Haussa has reached .thermore, it would not solve the mind and a spirit of cooperation, day: "Do you know what makes
part of Nigeria, as far as the such a stage in the North of problem to the satisfaction -of not of obstruction. The choice of the strength of In'dia? It is the&.-
Cameroutn, Haussa is spoken by Nigeria that if it is decided today a common -language is of para- pride of the Indian people. The
millions of people. It has been to -adopt it as a lingua franca, Titlednunt importance. We can not (Continuedon page 1)
estimated that twenty-five mil- the government of Northern Ni-
lion are Haussa speaking in Afri- geria can supply all the govern- Purchases Haitian Art
Smennts cnsouth onf the Sahara with

There is a long time, long be-
fore the Europeans have ever
thought of coming to Africa,
that the Hlaussa language is
written and used in the admin-
istrati e records, in the course
of the old Haussa kingdoms.
Kano is known since the tenth
century A D as a great corp-
mercial center, attracting bus-
inessmen and tourists from as
far as Tripoli, Egypt, Ethiopia
The market of Kano is known
the world over. It is obvious that
in the course of so many cent-
uries, the Ilaussa language has
developed to suit the needs of
a highly cultured people.

Since the British came, they
- have made a thorough study of
Haussa. introduced it as part of
the curricula in some of their
universities, for example Cam-
bridge University, London Uni-

as many teachers and profes-
sors as the. wish to have This
is an advantage that small lan-
guages would not have to offer,
likewise some of the great lan-

This brings me to consider a
proposition made by a small
number of Africans %'ho put too
much emphasis on the opposi-
tion of the African to the idea
of learning an African language
other than that of his tribe. "In
ord( r to pass around the diffi-
cult.y" they say "let us make
an African esperanto. taking
part of each language to build
one in which every African will
find something that belongs to

' We must not forget that the
European esperanto though it is
not composed from as many lan-
guages as it would be for the

Youthful Lord Oxmantown, son
in heir of the Earl of Rosse. who
carries both a British and Free
State Passport purchased sever-
al Haitian primitives last week
to take home to England and
Ireland and adorn, or rather
brighten up, the ancient ancest-
ral castles on those two log-
bound islands.
. Lord Oxmantown, who is An-
thony Armstrong-Jone's s t e p-
brother did not care to disclose
the name of the artist he pur-
chased nor even give the Art-
loving Pan American hostess
aboard the Ci udad Trujillo-
bound flight a peep at the color
and style.
His Lordship kept the paint-
ings securely hidden from view
with several layers of thick
brown paper.

A1a0 a a a a a

Founded In 1805




Address Rue des Miracles Opposite National Bank.
i A2p Ar. l _flS-l






457%tmera at- "l 300 PASSENGERS- FARE FROM $195.00 -4

P hone.., ..2 ; .."

g. :S.KHREN :NJoseph Nadal & C

A. .N %
-W ?-,MAW .. ...... L4 )A AM" W 1 "
m J ~ ". ,, -." .".. ,.', ./"o ., I&2 1;4-t .'U ~ t ~ *1 as '" s,,aa .j ...u.a ;..,. E .', : ,.SflL '


sacha thebaud

architect U. of M.



construction -

at castelhaiti

.1 p.m. 3 p.m. ,

&Mm/#a7 L

#fr heArca bplwte rpiayt tepobe f7fi

4" ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ I tidpetg n ewrdadeat~civ dettiainedito, othae atct-non. PERSNALYUERIJI
1 nda sureo hlefo urpepesee o n fican Ideoogy totearblm f di
le ight tsn a othr chapterecs of this setng~lo6 th re sleIes bn the y WThle m ai dyxantrc uno n, th ok ODNG AD UN[ I
xnst_4,ethb,'.of:,ou doutr- uookiverste and -orca itr;of the, -ia leade rsy the: "neesit bf AM.CA VII N
it ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ maig that ProatywewilisusteSI .EONAGIN il be kV HAITI AMERCLORI'
mene hi'ei u ous dev lop oneao tsk enhanc lm-eephss oi thi los ICA PESNLTTE.i 1 jhl anso h
4delo toaikelih P,, a rsdorestige i en&e orl e 'uatnd be anton achiev ge t ,f ita to e v e PFI A DELG ,T E RO MI HArtau1in Ma
race itspdope, s tha theAfriar los~rthanprevous y ,' e thsed aFRIighter, un on. ~ tCA 4
h odretestr of anelvediangsurces m y o ur perish. Th : n'ee fan Afo r ican Id eol ogyhandi' E R .D C ENepoe lgln 16
an4 a oI ll ano ithe chapter ofcths LOAD NG.ANh UNLOADING
Y~ho. Was eating dof decloizaio sigh ren sre tig th al -d s of h t emaofheb k
of anEnglihman las pso di- bhe frithesonelief inThe Africa Idooy r:OEF IA I1N
g st e 't at e o ul e t a n y -,c P e r s o n a lity, e wh l i sch u s st h -T S R E H I I ANeL R D k -
l0 ia.h eca s site d ffer ent "fro the Eurotes n
mor, nd.cat't g dav my book.a to, c Isu piuch AFICNe UNFICATION CoAN il
eds o developaiy on fita)nau
mor emp asi Thn thisoi loose AF X E LE T L B T RICANSHERSO A I Y TH Mi m ot a SPECIALITYils
'e.Afian. ed 'ide lie- "anAforica gnism, Teduatonl ofy Byi anThesti o.beee F SDEA-ID'T EMI I
th oil, ~ ~ th 6 pl ; o tti iv l h at h e Afrsa now6r t sl n i a e F I ANnU 'O F I A -e h n : H g l n 5
:whic are, prud. o theates lanuaes 'mayno peri sh' Tahifst
an'a ex- pu lihe too adap tor tim e-hi D N U H I r n ln --2
m o fls Ithec- Trid zftles 'and ,rerintoed

eat; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Swm ,paih Snokle Water-eplfltShtkcnPesnliy'whcius b
,.th~~~~~~~~irAn ofiilSag~e h" a Psn yo h sai iln H ave Cocktails
c~td--n o hirhnreds ofProaity. a)nhpWtrsFo y

.Usa orte yarsaferwhch a. Chp ernots bo ette


Inda oud srv aIn e-ubi shedi o r the fis tim In

xinpliteodehe Africano- peoples. satne"Mie wholeswreprinted.in
the~~~ehn use mp :on the -otld langage 1,09 HAeVt YU PA TYrAdTion
ego~SW Sn asnescetdo ealoatinanfiscovery.,WaerSk
Aehnd e Seaiotle -fWITE Safe SCoatal*

6= Wodr o t~atierseFom'nd TodyonWHTE



Fbral.nfoi matio Seec:nido

-Behintid everyo mveap ofy th wontirlliesaget traito

N-AGGWhisky l6dGies au-e tviataion of bending -- thate has'

"What's Oldest Wi

'What is the world's oldest
sportss spectacular? Its cockfight-
ing, according to those who fol-
l'low the plucky little cockerels
who are trained to fight to the

Fans of the sport have been
gathering around the pits for
some 4,000 years and it looks
as though they will continue to
I do so for a good many' more
centuries. Legal cockfights are
held in a number of Latin Ame-
rican countries and have the
. greatest popularity in Puerto
Rico. Haiti, the Dominican Re-
p'iblic and Mexico.

The form has changed but
little siLnce days when the feath-
ered gladiators were firsL
brought from the Orient to the
Western wprld, about 700 B. C.,



take-s pleasure in ai
ft3iMMERi SEASON there
tion to the already famous

at the BACOU

... .. :
.. re' or said 1 h. ve- .to.ha. .inilp l.Thd ia breeder pa ti c ..ar
world Sport?- it's Cockfight, Latin Say .....'.......'.
"1 mi..'Dc.L:s e Athenian states; .geous cocks.
man and soldier, to fight Wo
by Asian tribes on the prowl for New York and Midmi, for visits persistently and heroically at 'CockI4lhting first' became legal:
new lands to conquer. Both the to the cocklfights can ,be arrang- Salamis. ., '. in. PuertoRico in 1825, but w.ks
Greeks and Romans had a go ed by most of the big hotels. Benjamin Franklin was- dis'p- ou'tlawec short' after thp, United
at it and Gaul, an important The excitenient starts when pointed when the ,bald,- eagle, States occupied the island in.
piece of geography in those old, the handlers (in pit terminology instead of thfe fghting cock, was 1899 during the Spanish ,Amei-
old days, was named after the "feeders") introduce the birds chosen as the nationhi emblem can War. It again became legal
male chicken, Gallo or Gaullois, to each other in the center of the
depending on the language you ring, holding them beak to beak...- -:
read. And, the great seal of The hackles rise and ruffle as
France still carries the phrase the birds strain to meet the foe
"Coq Gaullios," the emblem of -right now!
its first settlers. Depending on the pit practice,
the birds are released to fight
Those gathered about the light- from cages in the ring which
ing pits around San Juan on are raised simultaneously, from
Sunday mornings, however, have 'enclosures'in the sides of the pit,
but Little interest in these past or from the feeders' hands when
glories. It's what is to happen a curtain between the two birds
in the next "'main" or fight that is raised.
keeps them tense and excited
At pitside, the regulars kre Fro-rt then on there is no
joined by vacationing visitors doubt that 'the cocks mean bus-
who come to San Juan aboard ness, and they are equipped for
Pan American's jetliners from it. Each has a razor-sharp met-
al spur fitted to one leg. They.
-P VVV feint with great cunning and
maneuver for position. Best
strilkng position is when cornm-...
ing down from a high leap, when
the cocks slash rapidly, trying
.TyirY L B P l bIf .on-iI. q...I.,,,-,kI. ent oil

N lJ I ,L,U D

nno'mcting that for thie
will be an added attrac-4


i.o s riii e a vu1IL I, l s o-J u ia ,,
,ie opponent.

Most mainn" are timed at 10.
20 or 30 minutes, instead of the
oldtime battles to the death.
Back in the dabs of Henry VIII,
when the king's pits were near
the present Westminster Abbey
as many as eight cocks were
thrown into the ring at the same
time, only one emerging as vic-
tor. It was from this that the
tnrm "RBattle Rnval" was coin-

J~4 44/ f6 4 $ 4 ?o o ed. of the new United States of in 1933 and is conducted under .
America. From the National Ca- rigid government regulations.
Now outlawed in many parts pitol in New York, and later American tourists who find the .
Time takes on a rosy hub. of': the world, cockfighting has Philadelphia, President George sport -too cruel are fascinated 'by
through the sapphire crystal been the national pastime of Washington sought relaxation the exhibition cockfights ,put on
of your Movado" Firmament" watch many great nations. Aristophan- from his responsibilities by jour- in" some- Latin American coun-
's wrote about it, Julius Caesar neying out to the cock. pits. tries. In these 15-ninute exhibi-
aI. '. "- und them in Brittany, in When the approving .cry of tion', the spurs'of the birds'are
S' Greece young warriors were "A Jackson!" is shouted as one sheathed so that one can mar-
S compelled to attend cock fights bird continues- furiously after vel at Phe cockerels"battle tac-
S Y ',.to learn to fight to the bitter being blinded, they are referr- ties without being disturbed by
end with honor," and cockfights ing to Andrew Jackson, who was injuries. -

.9.-- Do You want The Best In Nutrition For Your Baby

.. a. A. And The Family?
"l :2 ~"5 MOLINOS"

gleams with a rare brilliance. 14, ov t" .' N OAN SE A' -(9
Its hardness is surpassed g le dia BOUiANGERIE DE LA POSTE.
only by that of the diamond. BI AGA IZL P T.Y.
Movado which offers you a MARCOS TALAMAS & CO., '
precision thrice triumphant Rer. 148. BOUIANGERIE ST. M ARC, .
in three years (at the official miniature move 4
Swiss Observatory at ment, gold i. ALPHONSr, MAREA, -
NeuchAtel). -. Boulevard Jean-Jacques Dessallues
ERIE REX, 'iLalue
vr pNTEh.- PrO 0' GEORGES COLES, Lalue,
g* intA ETHENRI RIGAUD,. Petionvlle.


AND LITTs EUROPE Hispano-Am rica Trading Co. Of Haiti S.A

ON SALE AT MAISON ORIENTAL 4/ *-ezvrw'ryrrp"rwrw

.. ,,',

ectoq ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ;U tN 7 iees.&o itdb;seu m
tie ie et. IV~ RtymndB fiet;1 sdfjpe_-,Laog T a suqre, he Iyonrln on-ou train- suo "T1treii Rstcl
8~~~~~~~~~~~~ CU NTto EXfe IiinoTt xtr edacuteeuvssrigiceIv ~ a eetyas
Blidget pr~~~~ses FA e -Of ~~ f ToS dya heiialtfffthnelcaedwt teUit uua

G I dh D irefs an sitaivisioni chief Detion of qcUnvesit receiingadrne yHryL rgt Peien.enml itiuo n
ep ,pfeashi ak &fud Agee etu s ''l :otat 1,o leg in th fiel ., Irriss u -: h eew Deametseilzstoaly-aon ty tauat
Ommos eytiti Dietio of i'r sut. 1 Engnee dtis-lm of etl n medpiumt Negro4wned bus- mkUier s areing.Cluband a h,
A4156.' Ch s pensit' chieft TT- IiiMt N nh la o h fodcn4o h afcd onterpries u in s ser vigic es, Inhe wua ScooocBs nes yn so,-
er, ssstnt :1~fE'ul k Asi@ hit- ai istrp .o onoffo as hoe name al r e Wibu th S.dMta
e.~~i atoaDet houhagatfo thBits ooeckDGitsandB-ewly sciated wi t alein
ad Ali en;A Depar Mr Pierr Jbrednlot, Asistao Cfnt i a9 d 0 e 0Jet' fom edon C orporadle. Fiac Ni iew.Yosuraneat firm, an mofrew
cto DiVsoran 's Sdr Dehetono Co'eofus e Was Iee orecnl it aorNwY
MA of-B geDii ion cSi o, a ADiisiont'D, of rts oni ae n ibrS GatCara;i rkrg im ei et
r Lo'l Lienta Dbid Do Stteos enie ris.- orsEng aineer ntoldy iN. Brit-aini lerain Rodpoes imad od terc New Yokitytn a F oireDe-
ce. P. ",]~le ~ ai-ar aotnfra atasIns u c hsin bp ate annouc ed H e r a ffiiaedniht.areSat
iie-There-eudealles stiter 'M Fpnis -aim eisa raduate of ho ls tw dgee ro rok
r vsino 1ti s IVme Jean 16irtes Lfae h nvriyo aiti and add y rCllg aL d Wisa,_r *de nt.er o n .mad ~ db,-ik. iting utor -andnou ncemnt
empoye Divsin Ntion l pof st-graduate wrkeih heUi te g Psg Hh FrtrityrWih mhszdta h
Th-n epudee setii Dbt) Sate e w funding facilintoy fs especially
onornolis~~Evi 'pnso fundn who Ageeens alno aotacs knowledged in thecin fiel ofica-
plrein g asocat f ortefrtos fr etetproe
Mr"Z~le o rge s,' er'/, ar consultant n -orthe small eot. H eisa-memaber of paniesNe
Business Chafe po] Cm erc regardless. of thcaciatlak

-Wsandireseac and-Briatis foa Co- bp of maniWagement

1,~~~~~ ~~ enon o.He intrrna aunt.t Divsio chiefbl I:atio ohf yero:suy md.os
thrugh1.a gantfrm t RderikD Cesar e n -and Buey- Cenr e ascate wth, afoleading

P~~~~51s Bsg Se,-e 'Ntina Deb.uerdess
Wo .H leadley., der Nwill r reafilty fimo n d morebs
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o Iores. 2, ,p ,.: r.e. b's ep. ee ntllys wihag (majrNewnYor
Mr',na p Earanc Sion, sItant evine Th Brtih : n oni.mksoeai"bokr im ei e
fo0r 'sales- mandagurs:1per for. Mdih
GerRard SPECTAeph br of th ula'.)scito

M asele Mr i o Balle' odf of hod w ere rm-Bok
I.SR a~l esO,,,

sif-cifI~vsin0 Jean MdneRM oerac th Unvrst of oriaqan dida ytw
st5 Mm.frn Prea .fc Mr W gt empasze tha te

r ar-dudj~r. -As- FEL Debt). ITSte new fndin Lciit isub espcal
ErvinR FG 'Dixon, whois alo0 Pintesteda in L att actin apl

Off the Telediol

*.*The Valme Pharmacy is a sparkling clean modernization job,
with his new tile front. Little by little, the face of the town is
changing for the better. "*John Quinn is in the States on vaca-
tion, with manager Dick Abbott pinch-hitting at the airport.
S*Wonder what's holding up the approval of a PAA emblem in
the Department of Commerce? "*'Pierre Chauvet lost a couple
of nights' sleep last week, but in a good cause. He was reading
that 100-year-old book by Redpath called "A Guide to Hayti", and
found it so fascinating he couldn't put it down. Now its Mrs Chau-
vet's turn. '-And I'll be losing sleep too if I don't get- that book
back soon. It's one of my prize possessions. "'Another pne worth
reading is Richard Leoderer's Voodoo Fire in Haiti, printed in
1935 by Doubleday, Doran in New. York, with fine illustrations by
the author. *.Jeun-Marie Beriuult, Montreal impressario, is taking
than Haitian artists home with him. He's taking a copy of Rev.
McConnell's "You Can Learn Creole" to bone up on. "'The Caes-
iio's new revolving sign ,at the entrance is a beauty. It's in the
form of a large drum with \eve decorations. To my way of think-
ing those lovely geometric ve\c designs are not used often enough
on tourist goods. is there a store in tos n where one can buy
small magnets? They have a 1001 uses and mine have all disap-
peared. I need one to hold m3 shopping list to the side of the
rehigeiator, and one to hold pot-holders to the side of the stove,
anid one to hold small nails so I don't hammer my fingers, and
one to hold nimy cigarette to the dasl-boaid. In fact I could use
a dozen 'Dizzy Dictionary-Skeleton. bones with the people
scraped off. I hear the Talamas Ul.os are in Jamaique these
days. -Carlos Shop is getting in a supply of the prettiest tortoise
shell bracelets I'e seen. They're thin circles, but not flat-round,
with earrings to match. Red Rose's troubles still are not over.
Now that the equipment has been impaired, the cold storage room
is so-o-o could the bho s who woik there refuse to enter it. "Laura
and Maurice Van Zeebroeck and the 4 boys leave on Oct 2nd for
San Francisco Incidentally, that name translated into French is
"Dessalines". Who do you suppose will replace Maurice as the
Sun Life Ins representative here" I 'The K-Line's first ship which
came in last Tue.da. was the Kikawaka Maiu and very sleek
looking What does Malu mean in Jqpanese? Ship or Sea? Best
laugh of last v. ei-k %as on the two tourist boys invited a Haitian
gal to go to Cabane Choucoune %ith them last Saturday nite. She
v.as waiting at the entrance while they were buying admission
tickets, when along came her boyfriend (Haitian) and yanked
her into his car and sped off. The tourists spent the rest of the
night searching in vam For further information they should in-
quire qf Rarry Lebon. "' Saw Paul Baussan at the P.O. the other
day, announcing proudly "It's a boy!". Congratulations Nancy,
one and one. right on the button. "*Two big trucks, one Army
and -ne Fue Dept had a head-on collision on Delias Road last
Wednesday morn. ''* Charlie Shayne flew back in last Sunday to
put the clincher on this coming October's Educative & Hospital
. Fund, Sweepstakes. -"Joe Alex Morris' story in the Sept. 16th is
called "Doctors VS. Witchcraft" and is the Dr Larry Mellon and
SSchweitzer Hospital story and good reading. ""Pierre Chauvet
' left last Sunday for New York and then Cannes for the ASTA Con.
vention. He'll be gone a month. '"'Bill Raven, executive head of
the Los Angeles Division of PAA was expected in Port last Sunday.
His visit augurs some improvement in Haiti air traffic. "'Ber-
thony Madhere and his family vacationed for a'week in Kenscoff.
He's the head of the Government Cement Control Office/ and even
while on vacation could be seen slipping in and out of his office.
'"So it goes when you're devoted to business...



Beautiful Furnished House, re-
cently repainted, in cool Morne
Hercule. Petionville:
4 Bed-rooms
'2 Bathrooms
I Dining room
I Kitchen fully equipped

glass louvers & wrToughi iron
Water reservoir"
Electric water pump
Water healer
Garage, Haitian kitchen, ser-
vant's quarters, nice garden.

Contact Jean BOLTE :co Auto
t.A. 360 Ave J. J. Dessalines,

(Continued from page 1) a grant from the American Me-
"I was attracted to French dical Research Foundation to
language and culture," buy equipment for the Laborato-
Dr Cook said, "maybe' because ry we are setting up here.
mn y m a t e r n a 1 grandmother, We would like to develop some
though not French-speaking, was kind of entente between Eins-
of French parentage. As a gra- tein* School and the Medical
duation gift when I finished me- School of Haiti for exchange of
dical school (1947) I was given students and teachers.
a trip to Haiti. While in Port au I expect to have 'trained a
Prince I visited the family of number of people in the tech-
Leonce William whose wife and niques of "Hemoglobin analy-
one daughter I had met in New sis."
York. Since then' I have made Dr Jean L. Cook born and
seven other trips not including raised in New York received
this one. Many of the Williams his BA from Columbia College,
family have visited -my family and his" MD from the College of
in New York. Therefore, coming
to Haiti is like coming home."
"I teach internal medicine at POET'S CORNER
Albert Einstein College of Medi-
cire in New York City, and do OH, WHEN I WAS I
research in the metabolism of
the red cell. I have also been
interested in the genetics and Oh, when I was in l(
biochemistry of hemoglobin. Then. I was clean

"At the request of Dean Pierre
Louis of the Faculte de Mede-
cine, and Dr. Paul Boncy. whom
I have known since my first
visit in 1947, 1 was sent by the
State Department to set -up a
laboratory for stqdy of the her-
editary diseases in which there
is an alteration in the structure
of the hemoglobine molecule.
I will be leaving much equip-
ment here donated by the State
Department and by the Depart-
nient of Medicine of Albert Eins-
tein College of Medicine."

"I am here with Mr. Warren
G. Gershwin, a senior medical
student at Einstein, who is spen-
ding his elective period with me.
Before coming to Haiti I
wrote to Ortho Pharmaceutical
Corporation and Smith Kline &
French and they were kind
enough to donate a large quan-
tity of products for the treatment
of anemia and vitamin deficien-
cy. Colleagues at home collected

Physicians and Surgeons of CON.?
lumbia -.University.,
Dr. Cook iad his post-medical
training at Presbytariar' Hospit-
al, Belelvue Hqspital and at the'
University of Rochester Medical"
'He was formerly 'Instructor 'in,
Medicine ahd Biochemistry at'
the University of Rochester.
Presently he 'is an Assistant-
Professor of Medicine at Albert'
Einstein College.of Medicine.

He will be married this winter
to Miss Joyce Mitchell, instruc-
tor in Philosophy at Wellesley
College and former managing
editor of the "Revue of Metaphy-


wve.with you,
and brave,

And miles, around the wonder'grew
How well did I behave. '
And now the fancy passes by,
And nothing will remain,
And miles around they'll say that I
-- Am quite myself again.
A. E. Housman

So silent I when Love-was by
He yawned, and turned away;
But Sorrow clings to my apron-strings,
I have so much to say.
D. P&

uer ,
arker -

pharmaceutical samples for me WATi1 I ..... ...... ...... 1 .
for more than a year, and I
plan to leave these in the dispen- For your reservation, call up in ODVA Radio-Station at
series I visit in the course of PORF AU PRINCE IL:
my survey of abnormal hemo- Corner Rue du Centre and des Cesars 68.
globins in Haiti. I also received __

S .
.. !"


Haiti's "Gingerbread Palace" and famed hostelery the Grand Hdtel O'offson, show place a.
Haitian architecture, exquiplse cuisine qnd contented living. Set amongst a myriad of tropical tree,
and gardenss the Oloffson, complete with mlnlat are pool, Is the.haven for the uninhibited.-
\ .. ,'- *

Beautiful Peligre Lake

for any and all who wish to partake of the beautiful
goodness of a peaceful vacation amidst the sur-
roundings of nature's own greenery.
38 Miles From Port au Prince

W7 A ,-rU'Dr" o'R DEL AV I:

1 Large Living room with Tel: 313-1 2772.

F ,' ,- ', .. .. *"
** k .. ; 'a u = r-. a u u u :. uu" u". ? '

:. .e-.'ic iRA0.'o' crepleioealangl'gi'e.tqii.e' maagqer here-. fo',,
- tho past decade, ba k rmrom a thre'e-'onnh" khactibb in .Europe
VLthrorple aJ br hW'-ne iw t age-* Ahd i e hia-ivauh in
K,`ontev oide,..Vi'9,d rb llc ntis.a1n' So Aiiltron, Ohio,
ho ex ts" e October.22...Isabef The.
tofic hasb een p given co icsbice'.pogifio befdrt e 'the' Uhlemmeral
th paA.sld ec ..aie t -Aron a blue:- file -poedesta.. "Ifaien," is the
wth'i or. jierhsafde Geowi'p second" Cahilda;g;Beithie'F ; is the -bnanme
of the Dido.C.en.'rs- f.st, bom...' .- .. ', '
Courts of justice will 'open ,Monday October .9tht ten:o.lock ,
coinciding wit i'e. reopening. of Schools and the Universfty..i, Mon-
day October, 2d,- 1961, 'by advice of Police 'Ciet Major .IF-,L: A-ty,
pern. a's posessing hire-arrims were limited to the to61.ieepartment
of-Port 4qu Prince to present themselves peroatli for renewal"
bof ':,L ts for.'the exer.ibe. 1961-1962. Following the delay ending
November 11th 1961 perm its will be ..refused and- fire;arms- defin-
ately confiscated.. y decre of the. President' of 'Donican
Bte public ,:Mr. .aquin B&laguer, Or Jose 'Enrfe-Ay w-vas ap-
pointpd "General..nuil- to Haiti to r.pace. M .r' Ps.atiho Perez.
Dr Aybar was' Ambassa4dr to Haiti in thge milfites, during the
Government of Paul. Magloire... On. the occasion of 469th amniver-.
sary of ditcovry of Ameericaby Christopher Colimnbus, the Spanish
Amhansador to Hafii will receive at 11 to 1 pm at his E-mbassy...
On ietiest of Haiitian Government,. the. Technical Asbistance of
United Nations will placesevieral printer .specia1ists4at "Impi'imerie

er o particpants.' The fati ofe ;Bryd MvTetiP., attended e ace CoiJ4 rsid
ips in turn pai of da'wold,- alha-i College 'and 'the Bryn en.ned He C agreed- thi
,v."de ram e:Mledf V.luta.Mwr Shol61 of Social Work. ideas were .ute si.ir '
.hte n&tio.al Spr e A :'s" Ma r.e'reer station. in the -stressed that the Quaker r-.. .
m le t ,'b- 'ti yahs"en' grp ispodd.b ohn Gi- nization tis private- and does not.
're thyfit young g Aiertc s, o R hrter, New. : York. represent the overpn-ent .ofthe ia
an tq 'countries i Africa, Asl who studied athropology at.Cor- .United States. "Not cryingthe
Latiz/,America, and Europe. ;-11 and- the. University& of pre- .flag with- you often smnplifws %
- s : tr p -- ". -gon and. by Jogad'thaf Brower, people-to-people contacts, he
The se p'ogr- s not only per- from Belmort,. 'Massachusetts; said. ., '
weit young people to donate' seIt a h W .- ... .. .. ....
vices that n.ay be of real value,'. -Sestte _e ''*,
but. are. important for the chance, ': ..
they .give young people of dif- ..s-p a s -itaden
ferent lands to know'each others' R. .ol r o r ..'
countries.. In similar ', fashion te au o n 'j
yding Haitians have also served fooK /
in other, countries under AFSC -

The American Friends Service .' a '
committeee. is a non-profit corpo -"s tK n
ration associated by its ellefs '..". a by ao' tol e-to -eop le ( Unt a U. ,"

Fiieds. Its headquarters is-at -..
Philadelphia,t Pennsy 1 v a n i a- .. .nuu ;,
Since its founding in 1917, the '
AFSC has conducted work in a re- .'. -g- --
lief and social service, and has
striven toA promoted peaceful so-' eri
lutions to issues of human elo.- g -is.o
flict oh many levels frtm the thele
individual all the way to nuclear.
disarmament. .

de l'Etat" -for the specialization of-.the personal of this:institutipn... Work of the Quaker group is
'The' admission examinations jh the different ."'ycees" of the entirely by contributionss, much
cohunt0 y were'.held Tuesday 6th'at 8pm...:Monday at 5:10pm., arr- the larger pait of which come
ived Iom Canada, Dr Rovira Salvador, Charge d' _Afres. b San from people who are not them-
!avador... On .Saturday October 7th,-at -5: 30pn Gladys Frederlque elve* members of the .Qiaker
M"-- ..e -. '. U n '- ,society. Its work is carried, on
e th. wife'eof G ia sg a ,uo cer.- v ut racial, potitipal, or relf-
n4hy.in the Sacre Coer' Church.. Tuesday morning; on the occa, gious distinctions, and indeed
sion-of .the departure; of Mrs Helei ReKaveny, U.S. Economic Cotn- Quakers are quite the minority
sdllor to Damiens, a large recdpion was. held in -her honor at among its. volunteer, workers.
Cazeau. Present; General Diiebtor Agronomist .'. Leveque, adngthe sent wo. in
Heading .the .present work in
A., de Baca, Coordinator .pf Agricultural Coopeiti-Program and la is, aul Berry, together
.... an. Haiti -s -Paul, Berry,' togethe-
several -ladies.. .,. with his wife Sarita, of Washing-
S.r ton, D.C. .Berry,-who has A Yale
Matt Kenny of UPI -whs in town this week and met with Minisler Ph. D: in psychology,'left a re-
Paul Blanchet at the National Palace... The late Sergeant Serge search. job with the Matrix Gor-
Birrau, who died 'along. with U.N.' Dag in the Afria airerash portion of Arlington, Virginia,
is'membered by. dmer who tssed..him f to serve without salary, as do
s remembered by Admirers who issdhim ah ila.rge the other volunteers. The Ber-
floor tiles \yith'.th6 ide 6f one hand :-'karatasttoke- durig dhLs rys have" two children, --Mihael,
action here las y, Ar:.. The 'biiI ei inema has cha geod ctinds aged .4, and 3anthe, 1 year, ac-
,-ndthete i-wmaja-gement prornise .b gg nctbetlerE.-ims..I-Hotet compari.ing-them in Haiti.
D omey .'has p-outed int -" q I i"; o"i. .
.... ..x- : *" ...... o.c. ML Hol.lke- College sipplied-
ied.-by the--PoYt. an Pin.P e :.. 'Ai'n w.. tw of the psentC group .'o! %-
cinter'on ie Pakee i moderl&.a04 invtiggd b gtl ,gi,- To luhfi teers: Barbara Chllds,' whose
it.Avenue. ha a iew '.addition "mddern, Ial&l es i' ade. home' is at Ctestw6od New York
-Lawyer 'Louis iM. 'Laftaire*'.i this w ie rom -'he"diig apd' Martha Nugent, of Reading;-
5courses aUthe Law' faculty b bSlel o(flini *'
He. .wd-rd ui d ...dh. sue h n ,Int Ir. ..rni ,.w p -.rofessors. as~
mBlaggedg iOt the UJlverfy.. oBelgrad an-d t.o. the Federal
'TaI/ Ce 'nan and etburne^a^ ,-4, 4 j o Paris. 4 A
'1 ',- -

l* : J) 1 ART LA & U i

'-. -.... NGA o.. : :..::....AND' : B ,
I t. -: -"

,th e d g f d .r ,,bu w of, Biz o :" .
: -"!Fml '. tDp-cj! "'L',

~" 'up. .. I,, .
s, :" ..,.2: : Tff. ,;.,,'P "," ." '.,.._.-i .,..'-...r2
;:_:' ; ".. .... ... "o..," ... .. ..... :': ....... -, ." "..,: Li-

-c' t ilr n al 1iro Cc;,s"
'1 '. tu.p- inea( l l

" .. '
Served exCu/vEYat IkMti's Leading_

_,, 1,i-'


.EHOP6-1 E.BOQNNEVOAL ..-"......: 6

r 64. .. '- "j; ., .. : :'.'
fl -FROM.'rHEP: cTQ '.

.. B f."'.' .-- """UEfp yqU M "r A .' .." ,, ~'
" ,* *** '' ;, *''. -, *" '- '" ''*. "- *' .' :*' o '* .', .A i s'- !; i -'. "

^ *.^.*'.l:^/^Ans- ':;lJ-"-^*'.
^y ^ ^'^t ;^ : ,$ "^ii.1% ." :

0 60:P r.I. ,ier.'... .. .., -,:,.A .
.; -, ^ .M... ; "' .


mm U.-W 9.J

V oyage par.

0 -. -NG T CARAVELLE. .isa uuznus 1315 li n PUS GRAND RsuAU -iu MOpE
--- -- m c ~ v m s .t '-- ^ __. ... I o '.1 *. M

CARIB DOG TRACK OPENING lodged in concrete, kennels by .
(Continued from page 1) ments. the sea at Arcachon. These -rac- t
with Deluxe Club House facilit- 120 large greyhounds, some ing dogs will benefit from their '
ies as well as two additional stars of Florida tracks, arrive healthy surroundingss and com-
bars on either side of the trib- from Miami by special plane mute between the Chimp de
une serving drinks and refresh- charter this week and will be Mars track and their homes

A .

.: ...;i ..:,. :ta
*., ..*. '* ';. :. --:,,;1 ^ ^ l S "
~ .4 4,,, V

.* V. .

-, ', .. ;..4..;r" .. ., : ," .' .'' '-" :,: ;'.',*
...,. : .*:. -.. ... .
+ -' '. '' ,., ..-' + ._ x'A ;- ^ f.'' ; '$**,
-+ +. 2". :\ i ^ ..... .. +" +:+ :^- '* ^;.".':,
.]- ..* .^ "t.; *,:. .-oS..** ;..-.^ :.. .,.:.

.. ....... ... ... :.
..* +, ,.t... .. ; .' .. -, ..:, : ^ -*- *' i i. '- ;'
-.. !.. .. ., .. :. -. i '..... *-/. ..'., + .=-":*'J M ^ *t -- t,/.;.
,* .. "' '' *' .. I",- ,. -'. *..--".".. -
...,*:- .: .. ... ., .. ,. '. '- ;* +j ,:.&
... '': ".* 'i i ^ ^" : "

...e .K .: +' ;'- *;". "
-* .+ ,,, :-. .' .'.* .**? .... _,* ,- v.; -. .
"*' '"'" "' .** ': "; ".' I <:;m ;L:"y^ ^
;* ." i '"' "- .' 1". '. "' .

..** ^ ^''. *-' ':. ".' T- ." .,,, "^^ ^ ^ '

+ .-,'- .-.. i i -* .. _=* -*"*.* \ l : "'~ ^' ..^ .. .... .. + .
*r *-*^ e, a no' st o 'o "as ". p'' i- o'" '--'rtol ? -'' *f^ S :iti'"
I N. .


Ju -20yeartraition fi nd

~W~ axnot's too t msprdcor >&

A --,
,6? ,,-m e: .'. .
-. ..- --- --- -.:- -o-:- Ar. -,

In Geneva since 1755
Exclusive Agent:

/Avenue Jean-Jacques Dessalines

Rue Bonne Foi
_____ -_ /- ---

1 : '.

daily several -hours before post Suiday and holiday ..ost.1
time. .will 'be .two hours 'earlier-
There will be nifht.races night-' Monday ighlt the .dogs"an'
ly .beginning at, 7:45pt. will stay ini theirr keninelsQ

Pont Sonde Bridge Made New By Techini
,.. I. :

The ancient Iron bridge spanning thb Artibonite at Pont o-01
a nightmare for traffic on the mainhighway through the Artibonj
because of the makeshift wooden planking has been completely
overhauled and given a new Iron grating surface by the Teebit
through the project BIRDi .
___ .,* ,A



Th e World FOR EVERY

.. .' ... ". '....... .r..- '.... ... ".:.^ ^
-- P .k, "i 4 + t .
.-..; .. ,. ., ..... .. ,' ....., ., -.,. ?p..:.r.. ,. -..-+, .." I ,/.'.AW'0,."+ ::: "' "',,.t a.' "a w, "'r'

.y~ 7 7. r. -I;




"' co Asrjj
* VOTR& i
05 VI)
-$ t

  Home | About dLOC | Collections | Governance | Digitization | Outreach | FAQ | Contact  
  Powered by SobekCM
Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement  
© All rights reserved   |   Citing dLOC