Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00015023/00001
 Material Information
Title: Haiti sun
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 46-47 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: R. Cheney, Jr.
Place of Publication: Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Haiti -- Port-au-Prince
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began Sept. 1950.
General Note: "The Haitian English language newspaper."
 Record Information
Source Institution: Duke University Libraries
Holding Location: Duke University Libraries
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 32441147
lccn - sn 95058138
Classification: lcc - Newspaper 2117
System ID: AA00015023:00124

Full Text

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10 '1
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SVORT4AUP-BRINCE, aAJTI, 37 Ave Marie-Jeanone -- CITE DU TM&RSAIS ESTIME r- Phone 2061 --,Vol AX :Sumdy September .16tW,3 -W


i:.; - :

.g. "
e- outstan.g, iasf lTarie Maud Bo"t"set arecen Ly
S.ti.a -from a jury on y~1 ( 19 ni'eatd the Conser -
& JWIs eJiof MuWtIch Germany. The 'haightdrik of -'aier
a. *'-/ '(Continued 'on page 1)


d revei
7-' fact:

Born Son Parc De -la:Paix
S Sdidler o st auction o of the
inapped "Parc .de la Paix Francois
Duvalier" in the Palhniste
Y afternoon we re- section. ,ot the Exposition
afternoon gro u nds continues-this
[31U J. .... ,o.1o gro3Cnds cnin e ti

viit oi e. 1 rs mcam
Tl joseph. FAD'H,
aled a truly, astound-
tp lR'dhannnin" nf his

Ij-'born son The kidnapping
6k place undei astonishing
editions in the Maternity
spital. of Chancerelles.
The soldier's wife, the form-
t.Adilla Joseph gave birth to
boy on Friday September 7th
1:00 p.m. at the Maternity
(Continued on page 16)

ENew conomic...

President of-th Renphice
SufLVCA .In' accordance with'the articles 48, 6s 9, 9.8 of. le l

T eoads' Consrideringthatothe!collectionofthe-.tesai b ,
'acordhig to a law passed1'by recent 'Laws on tolls, on.-additomaltax atheInspetio-, v

nes d", eapted .thnds, oa S the cial al for a relatively long .delay before the a untq.ollecte
u n"". a.led .Funds Jor-thle Ti
RBods of the. Republic of aiti" come available; '
Shas been established. Considering-that, in oder s to peed-*,pt CO QIC-LI
1This new 'orgabizatiou "will MO[i, -it is ipoitant or theaGovqrament.o qu tot
e managed by the Executive delay the Infrastructure WtBhS o com
iDAvisaon-t the: Fenmanent- Comn- equip9mentof-M-theo...
SmIussion. of Peonomic Liberation p t 4 ; '
Ste -Repubic," acedrding to Considering that It i ec.seary. to .aiio6re t.Ih iei
published rts, of thepu Bepiblic 'o issue oblagattols in the form 'ofi C)As'
SArticle .' of tba Road Fund of r ONOwIelC IIaION;: ..*
ends:. "The revenues of', the On.the-Beiort ofA-the Secretaries od Stat-.ot EFinances as',.I
taxes which will constitute this nonic Affair', o.the.Commerce,an the Indiar y;
mds w be deposited ata d-after deiberation of theo of .the,. reta
t' special and. olut-ofBudget A- ,
t''e"TeproIs'.wMi. not be -nOrOS.
-, '"fli p.h1 M.W
,.. o~e' r~i .o th :=., ~r~',-, :t ndm~ywr.rwr" :t7 -

of the Government and villa
,help to carry oat the programs
of maintenance and construe-
.tio" of roads and mibrdges." .
hInthe Article 3rd, it is esta-
blished. an. additional tax of
$0.50 for the vehicles which are
Inspected- monthly (taxis and
public trucks or buses) and an-
other additional tax of $2.00 forj
those which are inspected quart-
erly privatee cars.)
S (Ct6tinued on page 12)'

wieek at an Accelerated tianAmerican
e. (Continued on ,page 12) Friit& Vegetable Co.

Leading L.. A. Tedms 01orm d
To Play Here The ioniteur publishes Gov-
The leading soccor teams ernment approval of the incor-
of Brazil, Chile,. Uruguay portion under Haitian laws ofQ
and Argentina have been the "Haitian 'American Fruit "&
invited to take 'part -in-a Vegetable Co. with a capitaUlza-
If o't b a Il *tournament in tion of $10,000". Legal Counsel-
(Continued on page 161 (Continued on page 16)

Article .sit.-Tle. Haitian Government'Is entitled to .iled.e
October 1st 1962; obligatory Certifeates- of the Treoy
IBLIC OF HAIT". ... -. .. ..

J New Bridge
A Ready
A new steel aArc-over
single-spian bridge, beauty
ful for its utility -and effi-
ciency will be. dedicated,
S aurd at. Groix de. Mis-
sions. The former unsighlt-
ly onelane bridge '-orer
the Eivi r.e Oise 4is. ready
for removal and the new-
bridge of .several lane's.op,-
ened for traffic. -"
Construction was. by .the .Unit-
ed States Steel Internaiorial
Company w i 'bh sub-cointiracts'
placed in Haiti, among whicdi
(Continued. on .page 16)'


homage tos
Finances, p Horve B
after the presofit tiolof ti
important -laws .t e :;
lative Chamber.
The .-laws were in -conne..
l tion 'with the Economic .:
-beratioa 'of the Republc.
. *WIster Desior' nclued
in. hibs appreciation the
"tqamn" of public .. rvants
who are khelpng the Actual
MInister of Finances.

rhe Rise And Fall Of

6Y Prof. William BATES (1959)
Cotton is an indigenous plant
Haiti which, in the latter half
f the 18th century, provided
Wance. with an important co!-
mnial export. The variety is
mkown as Marie Galante-a pe-
6ennial long-staple type, grow-
rig as a shrub or tree to heights
f- ten to sixteen feet. Today, it
:s found in the high, arid C'n-
lral Plateau of the North Eas'

were believed to be cultivated
the Artibonite and Gonaives. A
small proportion of the crop
still comes trom, the Southern
Production declined d u r i ng
and after the Revolution, and,
by the time of the American
Occupation, Haiti %was produc-
ing annually about 1,500 tons of
export cotton. The next twenty
,'ears saw something like a qua-

Md secondarily in the plains of- drupling of the annual crop, and
irop, planted with little metiI' that is where our story really
near the dwellings and, with begins.
ainor exceptions, on extremely The boom of .the twenties
mall holdings. In the mid- and early thirties
we n ti e.s. some 170,000 acres Cotton in Haiti is a peasant

-average yields running ar(
220 pounds of seed cotton to
acre. H. D. Barker in his
of three major reports on
industry says that produce
was concentrated in the Art
nite Valley, the Plain of Go
ves, and the regions tribu
to Port au Prince with si
coming from the South
from the Central Plate
There' were perhaps a dozen
more exporters located print
ily in Provincial towns near
cotton districts, who ship
abroad both cotton and see
What happened was quit
dramatic story. Using aver

Cotts Growing
found exports from 1916-17 thru '1920- higher than-a livre of coffee.,7'Z,
the 21 of 2,488 metric tons as' a .Although .the price trend waver,' .
first bas e, there was a st e.a d y ed down after .the middle twen-..:,
the growth of the industry which ties, the favorable relationship,
action carried the average to, 5,878 with coffee held throughout the.
tibo- tons by the years 1931-32 thru 1930's. ::
onai- 1935-36. The explanation seems -
tary to lie in a combination of high- It seems probable that, by the' .
omine Jy favorable cotton prices and early thirties, the government-
and perhaps one of the most effect- program had become of equal ^
a u. ivA government agricul t u-r a 1 importance. Intensive seed se- ;..,
n or program. section was begun in the Spring. '
nar- of 1927 and the high yield seed
the In the early years of the. pe- distributed throughout the coun-
iped riod cotton sold on the world try. By 1933-34 some 100,000 ld-
d. market at prices averaging .22 los had reached the peasants.
e a to 24 cents a. livre, or some-. When grown on the experiment- .'
rage -thing like a fourth to a third (Continued on page 8) 'A
.*- .
-. ... -......7 .tI'u

t i l

,...... %.; ;..


i_.1"' '' H AA I T I S SU N ' SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 16th, 196

n a it T h is Whee ereretons ave been comin htre for many years loppement Regional of which h
I ...Lleir Lntcr vacations. They will spend all the win.cr season in :s the Business Manager.:..
.. By AUBELIN JOLICOEUR liaiti. Admiral and Mrs Brereton was joined Ut the Hotel V;I.a is back this week., .bw N
By, ____ J JOL _,eole by their friend Mrs. Robeft Evans who LJew down here -Pretty Irene M. -Turtniet,.
"*A Japanese TV team of three traveling Thursday. antypist lerk from New Yor
under the joint sponsorship of Pan American, **Engineer Gesner Manigat left his job as District Engineer made a short stop. here thi
Mitsui Bussan, Ltd (a Trading Company) a 3d .f Jeremie to go to the School of Public Health of Montreal where week. They were delighted wit
the U.S. Travel Service arrived here errly he will study with a scholarship by the World Health Organization. the land of joie de vivre.
this week to gather material in view of in- ""C'est la vie," Dan Savoy who made so many good friends -"Seduisante" Evelyn Corvin
ton flew back to New York.
eluding Haiti in the Wide World Tokyo TV Pro- here for the last three years has to leave next Friday., Dan is ton flew bak to New Yorkal
resume her studies. Ra
gram. 1 Gunnery Sargent for the U.S. Naval- Mission here. "Sympath.- Cawley just completed a
The team is headed by Miss Kaoru (Ro;e) :1 'e" Dan Savoy was replaced here by Tommy Lee Sumrall who weeks vacations here. He we
Kanetaka, a Japan's top woman traveler and rivedd this (week with wife Helen from Lackey, Virginia and two back to New York.
. travel writer and Mr. Kei Takahashi, a producer for the Tokyo riadren -Thomas 10 and Collin 5. Au revoir Dan. -Dr. Paul BaMum, a Physica
S Broadcasting System and Tanehisa Watanabe, a cameraman. "Mrs. Hilde Melzener arrived this week to visit with he. from New York dity and
The Team won the Japanese Emmy Award for the best TV pro- daughter Mrs. Georges Deslandes. Muti was met at the airport charming wife Eleanor are'ct
- gram for 1962 with Miss Kanetaka as author and narrator., by Mr and Mrs Deslandes,, and their "ravissante fille" Marion rent guests at the Ib&Lele;
Miss Kanetaka has traveled more than 300,000 kilometers visiting and Mrs. Eric Meinberg and pretty daughter Anita. Muti is fromrn Bisentop Ricng thar Lee Fidlerh of
i.presenting the Church of G
:7-. more than 80 Countries and territories. She is the celebrated author lumnich. in Christ in Cuba is visitih o
i of two best sellers among the travel books. Sl**Mike Heinl, son of Colonel Robert Debs Heinl, Head of the here this week.
The party was greeted at the airport by the Minister of tour- ,' S. Naval Mission was seen off this week by his mother, Mrs -Elaine Roberts, a Lab Tec
ism, Mr. Victor Nevers Constant and the manager of Pan Am, Nancy Heinl. Mike has lots.of stories to tell his classmates at nician and Doris E. Evelyn,-a
Mr. W. R. McElhannoi. I essenden School in Boston. Audit clerk are enjoying a' f
S**The 'Ambassa'dor of the United States in Port au Prince, and Hugh Higgins and pretty wife Patricia, married in New York ays vacations ere.
"\ hancelor G. Curtis and Mr. Harry Christie.welcomed here Friday on September 1st arrived here last week on their honeymoon. It -Guy Pierre Louis who wvoW
SMr. John Hugmh Crimmins, Head of- Caribbean and Mexican At- was three days in Paradise, Hugh and his teacher wife said. trip around the World. iii 'l
Stairs. of the State Department who arrived on a special mission "weigh MElhannon, lovely daughter of the Manager of P.n Contest organized by Tele-Hai
-'.here. He was received Saturday morning ty President Duvalier. ,\m and Mrs William Robert.McElhannon is enjoying a few wees left today with the follow
itinerary: Montego 'Bay, MlI
|',.The distinguishhed visitor is staying two-days in town. vacations here with her parents. Veigh is 'studying in'aLugano, Guatemala, San Francitco, M-
S' **Last weekend, we were sitting on- the porch of Ife Oloaton .Switzerland. The sixteen year old visitor 'i delighted with Haiti. nolulu, Tokyo,' Rangoorn, Bar
filel overlooking the Bay of Port iau Prince filled with marmorian kok, Karashl, Istanbul. Be
:sailing boats on the blu water'just like a gorgeous painting, while Mrs. Elie S. Talamas flew to Miami with son Ehe Jr. early south, Rome,. Paris, New Y
sailing boats on the blu .water' just like a gorgeous painting, while
"Al Seitz, the Owner, Sonia" Daitz, .a smart visitor and others this week... Mrs Lillian Greenspan, a Tour operator and a Trave; and back to Port au Priniq
"vere. talking about art and nonsensee. An other visitor walked iy. Agent from Long Island and Mrs Judith Shotland a Travel Agent -Miss Edith ein: i a chi-
It was Miss Lillian Wilson who writes for Inventory, a Medical from Hewlett, t.I. are current guests .here... Mcilael Motissey, Again. Edithiwho-lives inb
i -Magazme in North Carolida. At Seitz, humnristically deviated. She a refrigeration Engineer and his attractive blonde wife Joan May, ida. calls Haiti a Paradise.
:writes about seiedces, he said. She is inventoryinig here for the an Accountant from*- Toronto are visiting here this week... Dr. is a very good Public R.lat
iU.: which wish to launch a satellite with a Haitian couple and Victor Laroche, a professor of tropical pathology at the School for us in the U.S. and 'G
f -got a'baby bo iD -rlit.s The cl would be called Norbit. It of Medicine flew tp Montreal this week on a special mission for -Dee ecker and Jean Lo
-' the only way for'the Western Hemisphere to. beat :Rissia. the Government... Deputy, Louis Raymgnd land wife .flew to New Cont ers United
Ray Polynice'who was very active witl York on a health trip... .Bob'Kohler, of Pan Am and wife Andre in Chicago. -and spending"
t. h t g-girls -tese past few weeks is still mad and sons Robert and Jacques went to Paris this 'week... Beautiful weekend ere. "
1fo.r a think that"is 'one of his business. He SonJa Caristr6em, daughter of Mr. and Mrs Robert Caristroem
is publieit seisitiv. He gill et some pu- went back to the States ti'resume her studies... "Gentilles" Marie .. --."
r blicity if he .badly. wants it.. To iy.Shind er Denise and. Ghislaine Fabien, daughters of Eucart Fabien of
flew to .S,- this weekend t6o p Haiti mn Gonaives-flew to. Strasburg, France to study .medicine... Aliette LOISEAL U Co."
the Tourist Map for the text winter season liayard went back to Strasburg to resume her. studies at the
SWe. urt, sure Ihat he t1ll ,do a good job. School of medicine... Marie Eddie Calvin went to study med cine 15" bourdon
':His artistic talent is .a good as-et for a .1 Paris... ;Roger A.,Gustave wills study medicine in Bardeaux, Phone 260 ..
.. Public Relati0ns job. F. .flce... Girgrd. Pierre Antoine will study biochimistry in'Mont- Cable AdMresa: AILOICO.
..Jet.3 douard Baker, the Haitian Tennis Champion. who just enljfb., lle Rouzier, daughter of Mr and Mrs Noel Roizier Renting of Houses, Apart-
-dNefeatedthe Jamaicaf Champioa W ig -flew to California Sunday studying -.at Helen McAvdy Secretarial School in New York...- ments, Bungalows, Camp
a-ii .company ith is sister .M e-Louise ean Claude Denis is studying medicine in Madrid... Al Seiti flew Houses -for short or long
a b-o Captailn iae C ,stflew ack' toa lSttes this week after to New York early this week... Jean Sejourne went to the Military period.
V 6:cmpleting a .... vduty hU.S.,Naval. Mission iMh School oL St..Cyr in Paris... Jean Daniel Heurtelou went to Milan Sales information available
b' &t inBcobaapan itff-f v Brbra dad 'bo.ys born in to study architecture... Leslie M. Hefter, a salesman from Chicago for sugar cane, cotton,
Siana i ii i t e here by Ca and'pretty wife .Ina, a teacher married on September 8 s;enal etc, plantations an
.iQpase. -.. 4a i:a .ee.e. -Joan. .part of their honeymoon here... Wallate Jamis McCarthy-an ,Olds- estates of various types.ah,
......:;for t h Scotrt Florida-Coun mobile dealer' from St. Paul, Minn and wife June stopped here sizes and in improved and
;cil h r Sco of Ae .ic riv, s week. to meet with iCoslsweekm.
I.Sco .txecutltes 'Heis guest ait hotel Majdstic in Petion- ***Jacques Gdrcon, ead of the division of Economic Afflrs bar, restaurants, and tl
at the Department of Foreign Affairs flew to the Stqtes and Ca- uiit and
:, ""Bellp ad petite" velyn Sizman married George Randall Josep LOIS.AU
S ad ve man married George Randall nada a month ago on a health trip and in view of finding new Man U
-July 27 in a civil ceremony presided.by the Mayor .of New Manager .
uly 27 in a civil eremon predeby the Mayor of New market for the "Cafe Bennet", a product of the Societe de Deve-
i eJseey and in a religious "ceemony directed by Rabbi Simon. ______
..velyn.is the .dihier' fMr. Frit Salzman and wife Anasta- .
^. ,ia'tw" er of WILZA Store: of Port au Prince, Haiti. She studied b
dI Switzerland-before going to the statess two years ago. Her b
husband .George iRandal',is a .youthful Manufacturer from New PiRT-AlU-PRlNtI HAIT
xork. .He owns a 'manufacture of ladies sportwear in New Jersey. PANTAL Sld
s. .MisB-Adele Cecilia--Rust, a' teacher of recreations in New a
i York was met at the airport this- week by Miss Elvire Carc'a.
This, pretty visitor is staying 17- days here. EX UISITE 0 S'TE
d&V IS*1ndustrlal George J. B. Reinbold is back this week. He spent
t..'ew weeks away... Mrs. Betty Hayward, a .representative of the
J2 lrexcl- Fe'sc-nnel Agency of New. York was met at the airport ND SUPERB AND FAMO
s week by Mrs.. Joseph Loiseau and Gerard Dorvilier . Si QU ltiJ. A s l S sal
d alwl lGe.Bretoi. and ife. Agnes are'back agai A G.RAND RUE *.bW. S PHONE: ..

UNDAY SEPTEMBER 16th, 1963 H A-I T 1 S U N .

SL ondo) by.-its tits e ow tfword Voodpoa e'
lie Psy Ccunic, J gpp tZslVoodoo ..cate.
Ca 0 I '. 'Th ;is s the Kipiffig .judeien.jun and"whe. we.-Qr. e tothe
. on,2'tle lesser brbeds without .sacrifice .6 the liii gs avt
the Lw" appliedd to the black goats. we1qe'asked g4 paged34'
And E0conomic Man tepbL.A leito iQt
Aa Far more influe"titi as a t-,
S. -- course-.-W. B. Seabrook ;,,The when ,'i
'Right at our door there .is still ure from much the .same level medieval kings. In -the ee.,f Magic Island'-'(Ha"r a senst! .'A
completely contrasting 'cult- of consciousness as Tariltra. ad -'eh students 'sUlcb'-ultures.'lost '& Co.,..1929). CraigW .Vt* anbp.-o'tiar
one which has chosen, as culture 'which our own cruel all value "itf,they were let:-- is .almost-unalloyedcen o k ""%
."that of Tibet, to. stress the cupidity dragged to our shoes 'quire, any madd-e'rn improve" v,.ishes .:td shock 'u. t .also. 't'otat "a> y ..ty
ythic" at the expense of the and was then too contemptuous .ments. To. permit '-rhodern me..- thrill. The; contrast betwn- the :would tudy t ,,i'
economic; Vodun, or i-Voodoo, to extirpate, di"cin to be a added to e ger- romantic draw.g and" t a -' "'
s.,been shrouded even long- of a -totelaistic social, pattern tualiplbtographs in tiis ,dlurnre O- *ure '
-than 'Mahayana Tantra un- .Certainly with physical re- was aniactof-vandalism. .4t''it. traie yividly/te- ga coait. con
q the eclipse 'of our Western search entering on the study 'Of could only be. comparedd -'With .een -tfe skilled i' Ileti" ii;and. ai~ theirt-'heti
nTejpt. ;. Fortunately, however, Vodun we. seem, to'be approach- sdme nouveau `0iehe turning thk Illie .reporter., The- camei... of is?:Z N N. firs 'a .
tj.areas of practice lay nearer ing that third pHases which .ma, oratory .,of 'a. medieval house course can lie but you have ta se (J.'B'
2,hose Western social heredi- seems .to reach in his study of into a bathroom. be.a skilf. l and'pamktaking pho ,198. blut th a
s ..,whic.h, .by persevering- in his fellows In the first he has ,;tographer td touch' up .its bald ihe nextt 'stp ba
individualism and th free pur- nothing but scorn for those ir- Today, however, we ate for- record so that it will back up' step, is: ell shownn
t of that -phantom "eeonom- rational creatures who, he ass tn'ately at the third phase. And rhetoric. -. cus Bch's tran
5..man, finally penetrated to umes, desire only what he him- as we no longer wish to patron, B.. Loederer's'"Voodno o l' i.Sbbs %e .i .Coma
he, subconscious and'. ildisco- self desires (physical 'health ize, we can learn." And. as we in 'Haiti (Literary Guild, New dian ajois 10'952.)J r Hur-' t.
red the psyche. and material wealth). At best can learn we dan..:teach; we .York, .1935) coming out, sirxi' ends th
yean later'tries to sound
1 .. he laughs at them and. pushe. can" exchange, 'compare and years later tries to sound the .lfe. ''Do "ct R" th 'i
.Whether-or-no private enter- them aside; at worst he perse- propose: Vpdun, whkeh- was to same iote:. Sabroek. was" not tcasnal. pi')ar is f.h' '
rise in economics is worth, the' cutes there and conditions them the Western white marl first a oply a.better journalist; the .sixecome peas, .thbie.:ost:stri
st, there can be little doubt to be. explpHed 'e calledd the scandal, next'a joke. ad th6n ..e4rs had dde ,.much to bring ing, intepreteof VodooL
,'.private enterprise-.n psy- process 'education"). a 'curiosity, is now a fascirtat- Us into, our, second stage, in re,. VeS.t :And 'tlus pereson.Ti'
ogy' .is. essential' if .there., is. IA the .second .phase, th, an- ipg challenge. .. gard to .'African psychology. "th"r6 dout S'Al at
.be: progress in.explorin4g_"the tiquaian,' enlarging Kis field by . : .. ,. : This is shown -ividly' by M1. I ,irgitgl t'o Dh'd'.Dh,
,ebpd- which -is within.".' Rssia addipg whole cultures to his col-1 We can watch this process il:l Herskovits '.fe i- a Haitian Bahi "has been fainots 'for "'
d. Chinese Commufnism wilL elections of 'curios, extended' his lustrated in a typical half a doz- Valley (.-A.' Knopf, New York, "'pozen year 'asthe Iowa prftei ,
baby destroy in Asia- the patronizing protection o the en of the books on Haiti; pub-..193). !Hqre..is .enthiopology in so -who.'Jias :jTerpreted oar
tsot those ancient-social, pat- less succe$sfully aggressive so. listed during the last couple the saddle'not 'to shock oi 'b: smaller" iteser sects to o'
ing. wherein .t priest, not the cities. They were tl be'preder- of decades, which have' all shar- sbocked but' ouly to study, and more numerous adid easy-ging
,' is the .*{ultimate' sanc- ved because they Were odd andi ed some considerable press 'no. finding little to alarm, and iih- selres., Nowl"' 1-e' Aas' eeended
nar. Ouit ,terest in. anthro-.quaint, as dwarfs and deformi- tice.. J. 1H.' Craige's 'ainnibal deed a considerable Jlack of:the eploatil ;to tthe A'n"lleat
gy may-have saved a cult-, ties were kept at the courts of, Cousins (Stanley Paul and Co., sensational. Even the thrill (onti on..page. 4
V. t *. ',-, , .'. : , . "." . ,; . ." . -, .


r r r r. rre' -e". " ^ -w w-- . .'

Suztmer Rats


Hourly Rate (Minimum 4 Hours) $ 1.plus 8
Daily Rate (24 Howre) $ 7.00 plus 8
Weekly Rate $35.00 plus 8



las, Oil, Insurance and Maps




c per Mile .' '
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c per Mile' ,
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4. -
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Airport, Hotel, or
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Pier Pick-Ups or


S. Morris Oxford
., o ,^- o^ ^ :.,, .. o. <: ,

S. MG Rodte ; .


-AUTO S. A., General Agents' (Next to A11 America Cables)
360 Avenue Jeaan-Jacques Desailines
Phones: 3134- ,2772 '
.. Box 46,
,- ,. -.,. :. ; ^ '. =' .i 4'

f *"-*



-I- W its varieties of perso-'al char- rare surviving cult is surround
T.ie Cs c h V-OQcood And acfers, but to the social patten ed. They must be guard 4'
L. ,'m as an pntiroty, becoming) in- against the danger of becoming.
Screasingly corn p I e x. Further, apologists who using the weap-
(Continued from page S) that man who can be both me- come into touch with our con- such societies tend under such ons.of the-challenger .must be
African religious sect off our dium and critic. taminated surface, waters they elabo.raoff.. 4o shqw- stiffening defeated. (It:.is,.5rth. aeallig"
S-coasts. His study is as careful will not become defiled. ("anchyiosa ion") and so, los- that while the duet was in-force
as Herskovits' but it is not of Today the observer with his Ing their elasticity not only the challenged always had the
the' second stage, The purely capacity to recognize and guard And there is another reason break off from the other simil- defense of choosing the weap-
-" anthropological. pr. Bach does against .this danger is then a why i the sensitive observer is ar societies but also fail to be ons.) Let the practitioners pro-
Snot underrate the letter but he necessary defense for the seer. now necessary to-is indeed an able to incorporate new know- duce results. Let any observers,
looks for tlid spirit. He does For the observer may be in re- essential reciprocant with-the ledge. And, final disaster, these if they can, explain them. Let
not want to collect mumfnies lationship, to the- performer as doer, the surviving hierophant. societies themselves 'stiffening in the sympathetic, observers see:
but to study living religion-no one whq has gone through a As the Sorbonne scholars Mo a world dissolving into argu- that the process is.not deranged
Smatter how odd in appearance, crippling inoculation-and has ret and Davy in their classic mentative dispute, themselves through a hope that argument
Sif -only in the strange form he' attained, immunity at the pr.ce essay From Tribe to Empire fall a victim to the disruptive will convince those who can ar-
ni.'my etect the .vita. perpetualls. of,. say; deafness-is in regard were -first -to point oul. there contagion. They begin tb argue, gue but cannot experience.'
4.. ,Wat.;Ee has. been always sear- to one who is still in perfect are today no primitive cultures. everyone who has inquired into
achingg ,for.is not the age but the health' and has perfect hearing All .social patterns are equally any fundamentalist sect today One .more consideration is
.-.. immediacy of a cult. He found but is not immune' to intectio-i. old. "Time and tide wait for no is aware that it may well re- provoked in one's mind by the
-"jthat instance in Haiti. So we The sympathetic onlooker may man" applies- as much to na- tain considerable force (e.g. the emergence of Voodoo as a. psy-
-'i an-rsee Voodoo today not as be able gradually to -build up tions as to generations. What fundamentalist churches that chological challenge and these
nonsense..and not as sensation the "resistance" of those who we inaccurately called "primi- heal and, peculiarly striking, books which show by their clian-
'..neither *glamor nor gospel,' buit still retain their primitive g'ff tive cultures" were those social such snake-handling Christian ge of attitude toward the "di-
1. as challenge. H.ow.? Let's take of access to the deep generi.l patterns wherein the elaboration cults as Dr. 4Lhine has studied ject our dawning awareness'..f
another famous epigram. -G. B. self so that as these wells of did not (as with ourselves) in Durham, NQrth Carolina) and that challenge. Voodoo seemsoito
Shaw's- "Those who can do. intuitive understanding have to lead to individualization and it maintains that force is po- be a very stimulating illustra--
those -who can't teach."- If we tent because the sect has faith tion of one .of the most fruit 1W.
.i recast it, can it not give us a and spurns reason-(the qulia generalization as yet arrived at
.. lead as to bow we may act to- CENTRE D'ART NOTICE impossible of. Tertullian, the in that new complex research'--
.ward ..this survival of the great koan of Zen that scorns all a- comparative religions. Whe n
mythic cultures of the past? gument and "rejects the syllo-. Albert Schweitzer in his tirave
"Those who can do, those.who. Note To Art Connoisseurs gism"). And yet., at the first but premature study on Indfin
can't can observe." Here -sure- 'The CENTRE D'ART is open ALWAYS daily. question of th e enquirer, the religion divided. off India 'into
t1o -we have a reciprocal rela- from 9 ap' to 12:30 pm faithful come. down from 'the the Life Denying creeds and the
tionship. For he who. does, does fro 2:30 pm to :.00 p m Impressive and- well-nigh i'mprie- West into the Life Acce[itig, lie
not record, arialyze. evaluate.. If- pm gnable position of comnvced .at- used a profoundly' imprianit
S..he intuitively knows the. know- firmation, and often of remark- distinction. Unfortun a t e I y h
how why. should he trouble to. AndSundays by appointment. able works, to. engage on the employed it in the wrong place.
serid. his bho u g h t processes -. dubious and treacherous field India which. returned: ffom- B -
round the.circuitous.-route of the Permanent exhibition hang on the gallery's Second tfore. of logical., dispute. Shaiw once dhism' to. te basic life-reigi
logical intellect? He has a dir md a currpnt show hangs in the. gallery's first floor, said to me "When a man re- of Brahmanism, ,BtddMdsm.-f
Set action hook-up between -the .. .arks with..conviction -I know' se which, as mentioned.
pregnant mood 'and the creative Persons with an appreciation of art will be rew~i- Im pressed : But when ihe blended- aga
3' action. ..,, -. edby visiting the Art_ Center. goes on B e c a us e..' .turn ism's still later ehtld, Tantra,,
ut. m ; -: .. '".- :.? F OUDED IN 19441 Iuo de la Re.utlon away." It is here again 'that the Jainism which, shares to'-pas-
nio, But in F ur i e agthat is: .. obsrv e l geati 'ist- ionately, indeed' holds sue-
:nt-enough.. For when the hol artc e prati ne. VO- melk s .i thre
I. world-mnulic I homogeneous re n- -- doo today we know is lin"he wod creed .1Reve ~ 'for-
..sciousness 'eina-h'W hands of priests and priestesses Life"'-;: "h 'anell
: lemon juicet"f ialecfifeIlnt i. -- '"', who are increasingly educated clan ft ....'.
"dividualized gos, eve t :. aware of the .ationalistic the i
minost-- united in the integrated. thought-world with which their
i :-traditions may at any .moment .' ..-'i. ', .w hc t h e"'r ..' ..g, tJ
catch the contagion of separate- .. IDENT ITRHOTOS PASSPORT PHOTOS -- l
.ness. .and so find- themselves DEVELOPING --. N LARGEMENTS REPRODUCIONS .
'sundered -from their vast sub- - -FASTEST SERVICE IN TOWN
;.z;,. conscious sources. -Very rare' is -
,,-..Aiat.woman and even rarer is Avee ,arie g. No.- .de. p on ., FRIDAY NIGHT






'S. XURY :S A .: SAZ TA ROS4. SANT.' PAJULA on. u du Qu i
..P .S, ". PARE ,,FROM $195.00. oo '-- '
..,Cup..tures bg PAITINO .

+,+- : : J u- .. .RRIPOI, 3.E .Q .
S. ... ... 0 D U .V .: e i ~

ephra al & DUPERRI .aabr-
N. ....,". .
-," J +' " "... ." ...0 -.,.:'" '... .. .+




Commniaty Weelly -Pubtehed Su&day Morning
Edltor-Publisher BERNARD DIEDERIOB '
Gerant-Responsable MAUCLAlB LABI SIEgBI

Advertising hoarding add nothing to the beauty of
.he countryside and sometimes so .distract the atten%.
`ltifon of motorists that accidents occur.
Some countries ban them altogether. There have
Seen periodical agitations against them in Haiti and
t -.hey now seem to be getting out of hand again.

The main object of the hoarding in town and country
- ,is to attract the ,eye. When that same eye shoiud b'b
"' on the road, and the mind occupied with the .rules of
the road more. so than ever before, the danger of the
?' advertising sign -becomes manifest. Perhaps a hoarJ-
I"'ing can be justifed if it blots out or screens an ugly
or unpleasant sight. At times admittedly, it is used. t3
do that; sometimes, too, it may help give some privacy
br protection to an open sportsground.
&* -
'. But nowadays more and more ingenious devices in
the -form of, lighting, colour and movement are being
Su6sed effectively in hoardingss, and some of 'the tricks
.to induce the innocent potential customer sitting be-
iahind the wheel of his -speeding ear to take .his mind
:off driving for a second reflect credit on the originators.
So, in effect, we have a silent struggle between the
!J)laniners and engineersrs on the one hand -who strive
40o facilitate faster and safer -movement on roads and,
on. the other, the advertisers who seek to/make the
motorists take their eyes off those roads.

.To say nothing of the effect a billboard has on the!
important tourist industry. A tourist drinking in the.
i:eauty of the climb up to Boutillier in the rear of a-
Squr car is repulsed by tin signs often nailed to a flam-.
boyant or coconut tree that advise a -world known
brandd of drink that gives energy -and one that Tefresh-
tes The competing cinemas with their giant board A
glaring the coming attraction from a dangerous curve
.0n11 the Petionville Road are a great help to safe driv-
I. .

The Department of .Labor and Social Welfare asked
the owners and managers,of the local industry to en-
courage their emplioees and workers td attend the
evening classes which will be opened on next Octobpr.
-Those classes will help to fight illiteracy and prepare
our proletariat.
Up-to-date materials and equipment are already
available under the supervision of Mr. William Parai-
ion who is a specialist of the problem of literacy cam-
aign. The evening classes will be held at La -Saline,
Wue Capois, Rue Limarre, and Ecole Republique dui

ae '-W eI


'* HA T I SUN''

Tails Of The


When on September i2tb 1955,-
I guided 'Adlai Stevenson to. the'
Citadel of King Christophe,, I
put an X under .the c'tumn of-
the register in the visitor's book
and record of -the. number of
visits to the fortress. '
-"How many' times", .'sid
Stevenson. "Ten times?" .
--"No," 'I replied, "there are
no' tourist who would believe
that I lhad. actually visited the
Citadel some 646. times; so- I
write down X as an unknown
-"In that case," inquired the,
former candidate for the U.S.
Democratic Party, "you certain-
ly should have some callouses
or scale on your backside."',
' -"Don't believe it, Mrr Ste'
ienson," I answered. '" pick
my saddle". .
Passing by a 'pile of cannmbn
balls, during' the same 'Visit,
Governor .Otevensth aske4r if
King Thristophe' used hisuns
against any enemy. '" -
"No enemy ever tried to
launch an attack against the
fortress," I stated.
'-"May I., go, back with one
6f.those cannon balls?" -
-"Certainly, Mr. Governor."
And I asked the Corporal' to
-look for a small one of the size
that some tourists try .to take
as souvenirs.. I gave it to Adlai
Stevenson who took' it, laugh-
ing: '
-."To bowl ovel- the Repub-
licans during the ne:A presiden-
tiL!d competition.,."
The same day, in the "dining
room" of the castle, Adlai Ste-
venson sat cress -legged: I pur-
posely look over the, sole of his
shoes. He Smiled, and changed
position I -apologized for the
indiscretion and asked him if
they were the. famous. -shoes he
wore during is 1952 presiden-
tial campaign, tiose shoes .that
were photographed showing a
hole by malicious reporter in a
railroad car:
"Well! he said, 1ou *know
about that story too?"

Graham Greens, the well-
known British writer who used
to spend his vacation every
three years at Mont-Joli Hotel,
in Cap Haitien, was ogce visit-
ing (he Citadel. A group of
American tourists were exhaust-
ing their guide with astounding
question. One of them, sudden
ly inquired:
(Continued on page 15)

Sunday 16th and Monday 17th
at 7:00 and 9:00 p.m.
Francoise Saint Laurent,
Eves Massard, Georges Ulner.

- --~ 9 ~ ~
-1 '


. .


SThe past two weeks of August Social .Services,' may deleg
,and of September have-seen in- their candidates- fo.; a two-year.
creased social action and social professional training at th, T
activities, confirmingg once tional School, of Social Sgrvic'" '
again that the governmental The- poley?'chas li.ee' apprple.
an4. private, initiatives in the by the appropriate state..a.or.
field' of ,orgarfizaion -of Social cities. There. is, a.gre at.-eioi
Services in Haiti have been' on trained :social workerss "-nt.e1
the -right road leading the na-' hospital' in many .pY,, thof
tion in its march towards social phanages and ciah1itabe ep-
aha economic progress. ilitatio institutions,
Once -again.- on the : basis of schools, and pbove alil, in
the evident positive results in rural.,areas .1 I.ai wh ei. .
the "field of.:.legislation-, organi- n ~rity.of 'o aiali pope
nation, administration b L and for dia zg 0ducati o.
training T T. c6tpetent prpfes-. ance,-. advice, and help.
stonal. personnel for Social Ser- ed Socal 'Worker can -
vies, the Hai&ian. community at Job. A- ..result p'all
large is witnessing'a steady, al-. orts. Haiti would ; lke b~Smife
though slow, strenghteiing tf ,a Medical Services place: 'Sp. lk
solid national, foundation of Pu- Services at the disposal: ot'th
blic Social Welfare and Social Haitian people. -
Security. The economic situa- .The last weeks ,of: Soi,
tion. may hamper"-the speed of fion pointed, up tie..xpelle
development of Social' Services sult obtained through the
in Haiti but all the basic ele- initiative of the IBESR techn!c'
ments of Social Services which al ,personnel ,and the United "N
can be developed"as soon as tirqs' .'Adviser. In .accordanqa
the country and the nation ca' .with' .a' .a, worked, out "tl'*
afford it have been..tapped. the eScretariat.o ..the Ihtermi '
Meanwhile the educational ag- .tibnal, Conference '.of So f'a1'1l
pects of Social Services added: Work, three groups of. Ame
to those'made by the other com- and Canadian (30'.'personseac
petent Departments of the Gov-. professional:-"Social -W.o r k.e..
ernment are of the utmost i mi- holiinfg fiferenf' tmrortant
portance in' this country, ~for sitions te ,-sytem,'F
is not-only- o echnical, buit also Wlfare and Soc Secural yoI
social' education' that's hindis-'North Aerienca,. have''vsi..dk.
(pensable -* for,-,any..,economic, -or Haiti 'between,,:.Augut 12.
industrial development in Hfaili. September. 9, '1962,.., ''
Witbihi the activities of the The' II Graouatiot1 e66plp
Department ofT Labor .and. So.- at. Part au.. Prince .:mentejn,
cial Welfare (IBESR) thb 'ol- above, was held in presence. :
lownrg initiatives have been re- the representatives of o0
gistered: The National Scpl of Services of Canada. and J:SA,
Social' Services of Haiti has Many Haitianr Social Instituti5...
been formally accepted as an were visitedd by th&-invit6d .d -
accredited niember: of the. In- nadian Fn Ameirean- tec...'
ternational Association oof anrs. 'They admired theiri 'eff'
Schools of Social Work on Aug; of a -smal' and 'poor natofa
ust 14, 1962. "the field of Social -2Servicesi.,.
Twenty four Sodial, Workers They. confirmed' that, the'wa
trained at the National School the Haitian Social Welfare is;-!
of Social Services 'of Hliiti 'e- developing" is the correct one .
ceived their diploma at-,the considering its many function 1
dignifed, graduation cerpmiony limitations.
held at' the State 'University Thus .the human, social and, -
(Law Faculty) of Port au Prin- professional contact between
ce on September 4, .196. Haiti and North America (Cana-
The National Schol of Social da 'and USA) in the field of' 96- ,
Services of Haiti has trained cial Seiviced has. been establish-
forty-eight .-Social Workers and ed. The. importance of human,.
all of them have been employed relations in Social Services .s
by different Division of the In- paramount. .
stitute of Social Welfare of the. Relations with Canadian and
Department of Labor and So- American authorities of Social
cial Welfare. N Services are expected tdc, assistt"
The School has worked out a the Haitian .effort. ...
new admission policy for' 'the 'Meanwhile daily efforts will.,
academic year 1962-63. Accord- have to be made by all concern-
ing to the new regulations the ed -in order to preperve-'the
Haitian community at large, magnificent structure of Social.
'that means any public or pri- Services in Haiti for many ge-
vate organizations interested in nerations to come. "
FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 21st AT 9:30 P. ,..
AT -

ADlMISSION: $1.00 .. .
Tickets on sale at Librairle Caravelle and Office of-
the Ligue Feminine (Exposition. City).

~-~--~' -





f'- c

,. in
". c(



printing press. Very interesting
edition with..many articles on
different subjects; the best
-names of- the young Haitian Li-
S-terature. appeared under arfic-
'les related '.to poetry', critics,
" novels, human Sciences, Histo-'
^,. ry: -
i; .- _x x .
H, E. Fernand Bernouilli.
. newly appointed "Envoye Ex-
f:-,'raordinaire et Ministre Plenij

His Excellency Dr. Francois
Duvalier, President of the Repu-
blic received, in a special au-
dience, Mr Nathan Ross, Thurs-
day at 11;00 a.m.. at the Na-
tional Palace. The- djstinguishb
ed Mayor of Liberia was accom-
panied by Mr. William B. Fer-
nandez, Ambassador of Liberia
in Haiti.

Mr. Nathan Ross returned' to'
Liberia Thursday,- via"' United


Weesner Attacks Cohn Firm's S


R. Paul Weesner, board chair- a dummy advertising
man of the Bon Ami Company, tion and false entry
denied yesterday what he ter- Bon Ami books.
med "unfounded, filthy charg-

News In Brief

AIT! JOURNAL published an potentiaire" of Switzerland ii'
rticle of the well-known educa- Haiti, visited H. E. Mr Ren.?
ir and writer Rene Piquion, Chalmers, Minister of Foreign
under the title: "La Paille et Affairs. The Diplomat will pre-'
Poutre" (the mote in the sent soon his credentials to H.
other's eye) in which he bla- E. the President of the Repub-'
ied the attitude of the Ameri- lie.
an Press towards the situation
f Haiti. He called the U.S. x x x
ewsmen shortsighted bor blind
people when they -4re consider- Mr NATHAN ROSS, Mayor ol,
ig the problems of other na- Monrovia was received Tuesd ty
on. He discussed the short-- at the Hotel de Ville by his col-
omings of the United States. league Mr. Jean Deeb, Mayor
of Port au Prince. In his wel-
-xxx come speech, Mayor Deeb
JUOTING the northern weekly- concluded: "In the same way,
aper' "Le Septentrion". our the Liberian citizenship was
o I e a g u e "Le Nouvelliste" granted, in your country a few
printed .that a Cap-Haitian law- years ago,. to an authentical
er was obliged to hide. What descendant of the Founder of
s the matter? questioned the our Independence J. J. Dessa-
oth papers. lines. it is a pleasure and great
satisfaction for me (o make
xxx you .Honorary Citizeh of the
The Magazine "SERIENCES" town of Port au Prince, and to.
HE last issue of the Magazine day, I am happy to deliver t'he
Semences" just came off the diploma to you."

In an answering
field yesterday, Mr


)ult the fiscW year ended Feb. 281h,
.'2, Tel-A-Sign sustained .... a
consolidatedJ nci lss arumonti,-g
to $455,161."
0OMlPANY Mr. Weesner said that after
Tel-A-Sign's purchase of .thp..
ng corpora- Bon Ami stock, Mr. Cohn had
ries in the demanded an immediate merg-
er of the companies and the re-
placement of several Bon An6$
g affidavit directors by men of Mr. Cohn'si
. Weesner choice.

"No moneys have been stolen
or embezzled from Bon Ami by
me or by anyone in or asso-
ciated with the present manag-
He added:
"This proceeding (the Tel-A-
Sign suit) is not brought in
good faith. It is brought for Bon
Ami management into merging
Bon Ami with Tel-A-Sign, a
company in which Mr. Roy IM.
Cohn has a substantial financial
"Tel-A-Sign needs this merg-
er to save its business. Tel-A-
Sign's report to stockholders of
July 30, 1962, reflects that for


He said Mr. Cohn had insist-
ed that his law firm, Saxe, Ba-
con & O'Shea, receive a sub-
stantial portion of Bon Ami's
legal work.
The Weesner affidavit oppos-I
ed Tel-A-Sign's motion for the
appointment of a receiver -to
oversee Bon Ami's operations.
pending the outcome of .the.
suit. He said the plaintiffs *hadj.
adequate protection throu g h
William E.. Schroeder 3d, onp
of the Tel-A-Sigf -group; wh6.
was made a Bon Ami director
-on August .6, shortly after Tel-
A-Sign purchased the Bon Ami
stock. .
(From The New York Times)





Firom August 22, 1962. To September 22,
'962 "any.Customer who buys a 'FIRESTONE
PASSENGER TIRE .for cash will automa~ally
take part in -the DRAWING pn SEPTEMBER
22.,At the time of purchase, you 'will receive a
TIRE you. buy for CASH. Drawing will be held
on. September 22, 1962, and the holler of the
Winning Number receives. another Firestone
Tire of the same kirli-he bought free of charge,
or FIRESTONE will .pay the': WINNER in
CASH, the same amount he paid for-the Tire
purchased. .

Come in, to your FIRESTONE STORE today
SYour chances of'winning a FREE TIRE are
excellent because the CONTEST PERIOD
I ,'. ... is only ONE MONTH.
' ? : : .- a . . .= : .

No. 944


-2 Cu. Yd. Bucket Fast-acting Hydraulics 4* 4Wheel and 2-WheelI-! i
Drive Automatic Bucket Control Kick-outs Power Shift Trans-
mission Choice of 105 HP Diesel or Petrol Engine Excellent
Visibility to Front and, Rear ...Safe, Easy and Comfortable to Operates :.
Egluplllar. Cel md.lTraxcgvuor arm lelstItmud Trdemnrkil oClerpllIw Traler C ..
AURICI RONNEFIL -' Manager, Chancerelles

. 1


es" that he and other officials
had embezzled and misused at
least $5u0,000 of company funds.

He charged in turn that a
stockholder's suit filed, in State
Supreme Court last week was
part of a scheme by Roy M.
Cohn t9 gain cofitrol of the com-

The charges against the Boi
Ami management were filed by
Mr. Cohn's law firm in behalf
of Tel-A-Sign, Inc., a Chicago
company that had bought 88,703
shares (16.5 percent) of Bon
Ami's stocif earlier this month.
The Tel-A-Sign complaint said
Mr. Weesner and other direct-
ors and officers had siphoned
off funds through kick-backs
from suppliers, the formation of

2; SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 16th, 1962

I .
FKOM SEPTEMBER 17th, TO 23rd, 1962


5:30pm-Musical Program (Mire -Tele-Haiti)
:55pm-Evening General Program Schedule & Weather Report
6:00pm--Let's Learn English
6. 30pm-CARTOONS
7: 30pmr-Children's program, (2nd part)
7:45pm-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the 'day's events
8:00prm-The FORD Show: FURY ".Loco Weed"
8:30pm-The Campbell Soup Co. Program: SEA 'HUNT'
9;OOpm-Telenews (2nd .edition) ,Summary of the late news, pre-
sented by the Esso Reporter
9:05pm-Powell Industrial Workst weekly program: "'I Love Lucy"
"Lucy Tells the Truth"
0: 00pm-Close of program National Anthem

..5:30pm-Musical Program (Mire Tele-Haiti)
5:55pm-Evening General Program Schedule
6:00pm-Let's Learn English
6:30pm-Children's Program, 1st Part
'700:pm-NOBBE & BONDEL presents: MY THREE 'SONS: -
"Perfect Memory"
7:30pm-Children's program: second edition
.7:45pm-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the day's event
8&00pm-America speaks to you
8:30pm-Telec2nema (1st part) /
9:Oan--Telenews (2nd edition) Suummary of the late news, pre
sented by the Esso Reporter
'9: 05pm-Telecinema (Cont'd)
l0:00pm--Close of program National Anthem


5:30pm-Musical Program (Mire -Tele-Haiti)
5:55pm-Evening General Program Schedule
6:00pm-Let's Learn English
,-6: 30pm-CARTOONS ':
i 7:00pm-DRAGNET with Jack Webb: "Big-.-.i'& ond"
,7:30pm-Children's Program, 2nd Edition '
?t45pm-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the day's events
8:00pm-DESTINATION DANGER: "GalloUQs Tree"
8:30pm--M & S Construction presents: BAT MASTERSN
9:OOpmn--Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of the late news,
sented by the Esso Reporter
' ..:905pm-Le Pavilion des Varietes presented by the Curacao
ding Co.
.9:.35pzm--GUY LOMBARDO Shor '
i6:00pm--Close of program national Anthem
5:30pm-iMusical Program (Mire Tele-Haiti)
7 5:55pm-Evening General Program Schedule

S6:00pm-Let's Learn English
6:30pm-Children's Program
7:00pm-State Trooper with Red Cameron: "Voic
?7:30pm-Children's program (2nd edition)'
S7:45pm-Telenews (lit edition) Review of the d
8:00pm-Germany Today
8:30pm-TELECINEITA 1st Part
9:00pm-Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of the
sented by- the Esso Reporter
9:05pm-Telecinema (Cont'd)
10:00pm-Close of program National Anthem



e of the Bug"

lay's events

late news, pre-

5:30pm-Musical Program (Mire 'Tele-Haiti)
5:55pm-Evening General Program Schedule
"6:00pm-Let's Learn English
6:30pm-Children's Program
6:45pm-PHIL SILVERS Show: "Investigation"
7:15pm-EI Rancho presents: The Night Club La Ronde Orchestra
7:45pm-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the day's events

' H T S U N .

8:00pm-ALFREBD HITCHCOCK Presenis:. "SYLVIA" --: -. -
38 ;i0pm- Lc tbrter u"des ,"Mohicans presented .oy ';BAsq.ze' CO
merciale a'aiti: 'PROMISD_ .ALLEY" '.' ... 1-L, .I,
9:00pm-Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of _the late news, pre- COOTAILS
sented by the Esso Reporter .,,. 'Teliit Lobter Dies
9:05pmr--MADEMQISEL, DE ARI sp .A
9:30pn -Gun Smoke . ",. ... ,-- ,,. ," .,
10:OQprpf-Close of pibgram National Anthem -. : ..B. :.:Sd
By .The Sea-Side. ,
5:30pm-Musical Program.'(Mire Tele-Haiti) KYO A NA A
5:55pm-Evening Program Schedule Have Your Party
6:00pm-Let's -Learn English Review of the courses of the week ave Y rParty At
7:00pm-WELLS FARGO TALES S.,.XK. Y o.N" A no u te
7:30pm-Children's Program Swi,. "S i ;Sno0i
7:45pm-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the day's tveqts. Wate-rSkf And Sail
8:oo00pm-M SQUAD -. afe Coastal Waterg.
8:30pm-Les Petites Fantaisies' du Samedi Soir From KYONA
'9:OOpm-Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of the late newsil pre- DEEP-SEA FISING
sented by the Esso Reporter mEXOUBION" .
9:05pm-TELE-SPORT ., .
10:00pm--Close of program National Anthem HIGHEST BIDDER

12:30pm-Musical program Mire I'ele-Haiti
1:00pm-Program Schedule
1:05pm-Widen your knowledge
1:20pmn-Children's Program
2:00pin-Tele-Journal -
3:30pm-WAGON TRAIN: ."The Bernal Sierra Story"
4:3rnm-Telecinema .
6:00pm-End of program National Anthem.'

IBeautiful' Peligre Lake

for. any and all who wish to partake of the beautiful.
goodness of a peaceful vacation amidst the sur-
roundings of nature's own greenery.
38 Miles From Port au Prince -
HUNTING .. . ............ FISHING [
SFor your reservation, call up, In ODVA Badlo-Statison. at
Corner Rue du Ceutre and des ,OCesars 68.

t S t ," .KS^ "SSrs.' -. .. ,^S ,,'y,,^t^,>^>X- "

The vehicles .may be .ee-
from 7:30 a. m. to 2:00 p. m,!
Monday through Friday at the
U. 'S Naval. Mission (Chrypler ;
Building), Champ de Mars. .
Formsl and. instructions for"
submitting sealed bids are avall;.'..*
,able in: th eG-4 office, of the Na-.'
val Missioi. All bids must be.
received before 1:00 p. in, "0''
September 1962, The Naval MIs-
slon reserves. the right 'to refuse:
acceptance of any and' all bids,
; ____. -__ '


/ Agents.

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'' H.A -

The- Rise And Fc



(Continued from page 1) the establishment of oil factor-
S al farms, the irfproved seed ies by two major producers in
S cotton was of ipmm length, 1927 and a third in 1935-36. The
yielded 31 percent lint, gave up export of seed came to a halt,
to 825 pounds per acre and sold and cotton export rapidly con-
.at a sizeable .premiura over centrated in the hands of the
American middling. In 1934-35 three major buyers. Apparently,
,-. exports front eperitnental plan- oU production proved so profit-
.. stations totaled 175 bales of 500 able that exporters unwilling to
lbs go into thd pressing and refin-
In the country as a whole the ing end of the business were
main effect of the campaign unable to compete .for the seed
was not in increasing yields so cotton ctop.
inuch as in extending-acreage. In 1935 the Mexican boll wee-
he peasant resisted attempts vii appeared in the South of the
to ,change his practices,.-'or, to country and soon- spread, with
k rip out old plantings, but re- devastating 'effect destruction
acted favorably to tWo rneth- being much less marked* in the
ods of extending acreage plant- Central Plateau where dry cli- -
ed. to the new seed. A subsidy matic conditions in "certain' sea-
o If five dollars per hectare was sons offered some protection.
`t'-given to growers who l6anted To -complete .the debacle gdv-
", cotton and "followed the advice eminent financial stringenci6s,
-..-'of the Department". And inten- plus inability to cope with the
sive plafiting campaigns were pest, brought an end to cotton
'/ undertaken in which tbols,'and extension work and evep/to seed
' seed. were given .to the peas: selection.- The net result, was
t -ants in. selected artas a t. te a decline in- the average crop
Sinsrall number of agricultural from the peak- of some 19,600
agents concentrated in .thbsd tons annually -in 1931-32 thru
-- areas as supervisors. Finay, -:1935-36 to 5,500 tons by 1951452
- control's were tightened over the thru 1955-56. Data for more re-
" u'nment '.and '~e- of brown cent ye .s shows, nothing more
cotton' mixed with' white. encouraging than a slowdown-in'
: "- -. "' the rate of, contraction. The
J These e ydars saw- ma. most recent five year average
Jo shift in the prnobessihg and (1954-55 thru -1m58-59) s h o (vs
jrt end of the trade with 5250 tons.

e *-PE

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The boll weevil was still -a
problem.. Where climatic condi-
tions or irrigation were favor-
able the peasant had usually.
turned to other crops ---corn,
beans, rice ant piantains- lea-
ving .small .-scattered remnaiTs
of. cotton nearby, as centers for
disease. There. was still how-.
ever,, a -good- deal of land in
cotton. -- /
The Census of 1950 turned up
a little more than 100,000 acres,
virtually all in very small hold-.
ings. The Census,.,wa5 able to
discover only 477 holdings, out
of the total of 34,476, of over
16.5 acres. What Information we
have on yields showed the aver-.
age 'around '100 ibs an acre or
less, under halt that of the ear-
lier period, with top yiels run-
ing only 240 to 260 lbs. In those
areas where it was still culti-
vated the plant continued to be
grown as a garden crop near
the dwelling with no manuring,
little' -care, haphazard- planting
and spacing .and seldom rota-
tion'. -

Planting 'takes place in-
March-April or June-July accor-
ding to the region and .whether
the peasant *'artts a crop in the
first year. (The variety bears
'well for five to seven years,
when it should be ripped out
and replaced.) In April-ay petit-
mil is often interplanted and
corn in Junt. Vegetative deve-
lopment takes place in the rainy
season, and the crop matures
in dry weather--flowering start-
ing in October. Picking begins
: I,, : _r ., ". ". ". . ." .


Problems Of An
Industry In Decline
By' the 1950's not only had
cotton growing contracted to
little rnore than 25 percent ol
the peak of the early thirties,
but exports were down even
more substantially as the new
textile mill bit deeply into what
remained of the crop. Before
the second mill got into produc-
tion the average crop of lint
cotton was running about 1,600
tons with about 1,000 available
for export to traditional buy-
ers in the U.K., Frhnce. and
Germany and to new' buyers- in

There remained but two regu-
lar ginners the third having
been shut down- during the War,
his plant at St. Marc bought
up by a rival and scrapped.
Even so there was excess gin-
ning' capacity in the industry
with the .two major plants in'
Port au Prince able to handle
the crop in a three month seas-
on. What bad been a situation
approaching ielf-sufficiency in
edible oils was now one ol more
than ..80 percept deflcit-the re-
fineries running 'primarily -on
(imported: seminrefined soybean
oil. ,



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I '




lateurs. Inspection of pe-sa it.
deliveries.is haphazard at bcs',
largely in co.-,scqucnce o. 1--c:
l l Oof govrndient inspection per-
sonnel. Private attempts to re-
Sdoce ginning costs by paying a,"
fl premium for separate delivery
rS of brown cotton was a failuie, i
if not actually harmful. As to
efforts to combat the boll wee-q
in January and is usually pret- vil, encourage better growing ,
ty well over by April. practices, or extend production, '>
they are virtually nonexistent.
: Just as is the case with cof- Currently. thle average crop .
I fee, the cotton comes into au- has settled down to a little oyer
thorized marketing centers. in 5.000 tons of seed cotton with a.
tiny quantities to be bid for by/ pattern of annual crop varla-
* several hundred speculateurs tion opposite to that ol coffee.
all of whom resell to the two The fluctuations in the size of
regular'Port au Prince buyers. the crop are nothing like as
The cotton i $- often stained-, great as in the case of coffee.
brown is mixed with white; but are determined, apparent-
seeds are broken; and the pea-' ly, by climatic factors. Rain in
sant sometimes tries to increa- certain seasons, which is favor-.
se his take by mixing in water, able .for coffee growing, is el--
sand and even rocks. tThe most their harmful to cotton or en- n
unsatisfactory cotton, apparent-- courage the boll weevil. And. ;,
ly, ''is that purchased illegally in a generally wet season, the jk
by the speculateuis or their re- peasant is inclined to use his -
liresentatives outside the regul- land and labor for food crops n
ar markets.) at the expense of cotton.
The annual picking still brings-.
The whole process takes pla- in a little cash for the peasants..
ce with a bare minimum of gov- and in the Central Plateau, par--
einment-aid or regulation. Very ticularly, continues to be ;of
little seed, is distributed by the real importance to him. The
government. that task being peasant averaged around $830,-
"left to the buyers who1- channel 000 annually from cotton- during,
some back. each year thru the the 1950'si wiith his take down%
'unreliable hands of the specu- to $6100,000 -and below in thefI'

'IS-U N ' '

last two seasons. Over the last c
Lhirty years' relative shares ii i
the value of the crop hate s'.ift p,
ed in a very different fashion i
from .that of coffee-in. part be- dc
|Cause the Haitian Government
*has traditionally levied an in-.
,significant tax 'on cotton export.
A virtual tripling, of cotton pri-
ces since uile nYid-thirties was
accompanied 6,y a marked de, -
cline in the peasant share and
a substantial incretise in that of
the middlemen. -

During the 1950's the typical
situation was as follows. The
p e a s a n t received about 7.55.
cents a livre for his seed cot-
ton, or 25.2 cents for" the' equi-
valent of a livre of ginned cot-
ton. The cotton was bought'from
the speculateur (delivered Port
au Prince) at about, 9.3 cents or
31. for the equivalent of a livre
of ginned cotton. Final. sales
value was about "40.4 cents. a
ljyre, .including. the value of' the
s ed. As will be indicated later,'
it is hard to escape the conclu-
sion that .what might .be. called
the 'purchase and ginning sect-,
or of the industry has been
highly profitable. .- .
Cotton. Prices And The DelaBne
Of The -Indusiry
Despite the fact that the'price
to the peasant increased by 2.3
times. as compared with the
nmid-thirties and, 2.6 times as
.* %

compared. with.. the War years,
t ctcms reanably .clear that
prices received' in the 1950's re-
iresented -in .real terms- a
decline in incentive for the gro-
wer. Making the c_ ompirison
with the mfd-thirties the price
riso on.cqrn and red beans ,far
outstriped that for, cotton-while
terms of trhde bettee.n" cotto',
and imports of. iniportance to
the peasants just about
held their own. What seem's, to
have happened indirectly 6on-
cerns'our old friend coffee. Al--
though coffee and cotton are
grown generally in different
sections of the country and al-
most always, on different land,
by different pdople-there- is a
relationship' between them.:

,The coffee price b6om (aver-
age prices to the peasant iA the
1950's 7.8 times that of the mid-
thirties) had the effect of rais-
.ing the prices of local foods
tuffs. The latter went up a good
deal more rapidly than cotton
.prices but- were prevented from
an even more marked rise bi
the less rapid (than coffee) rise
of import prices. The net -result
was that;" by).the 1950's, cotton
had lost ground in- .the prici
comparison with such foods a
corn and red beans, which, t
some degree, competed for lani
and labor use.
The basic factor. reducing th

.. . .., .

cotton crop was wi.ho-t q es. buying price for Cotton. OQvi cf a. dqelining industry, -.',
tion the devastating effect of ously, it is important to make: 'In any case, "it -seenlis .talr
the boll weevil on -both, yields it, cear, to :outsiders' that Ther ,e ceietain tht cotton buying, as
and acreage. It is still worth .is little sens in' building a gin .-ginning "as quile p.ofltal
noting however, that price npq. and oil press. Aftef 'a two.-year. Just how profitable, it is.di,.
eventsts .(the price paid "to the. lapse of such raids, a. rival cof-" :dult'-to'say -'ebi one'reason- I
peasant) worked in 'the same, .fee exporter entered the-cotton cise each of the' company
discouraging .direction. It is of market this year' with purch- .ran. tetile mills t0o whiht-l,.
some interest' to. discover whe- ases aniountig to'about 15 per-. invprdid 'their --seed. Suchd
their the depressing> price fact- .cent of the ^crop. The result was voice-prices are often- arbitra
or was. due primarily to price ', a- 50- percent increase ,in'Th and- margins ,can' bei-taken
movements in the world market piice paid: to. the peasants -. whiiever- stage of~thie ind'uti
or to the buying'-policy':of the .', Despite occasional / raids and the company, -prefts.-If
twb firms"which dominated t the the threat of new -entrants, the; asks the question-"migbrA
Haitian industry. First it might two major cotton buyers seem- -companies have encouraged -o
be well to establish the kind of ed -to -have felt reasonably se-. ton growing by payingi'a hib
market it is. cure- throughout-' most' of .the price to the peasant", it, is6
1950's. Their cbnta ts with the cestary.- to make %ii'eil'FA
During the 1950's two fitms spectilateurs vwiee well estabi-a- mates' pf that' ppfit .pot
(o w ned respectively by the, ,shed; they had ginning.-capawity An analysis of -this kini.C
Brandt and Madsen families) to spare; and they wete in a "not hope to: come up with' i
consistently purchased 95 per- position to make it clear that a thing more than a reason
dent or- better of the Haitian ew entrant would' have to pay estimate. The. results,are -tia
cotton crop. In soine years' they the price of losing some mdney interesting (eve: .it "a.'it.i
were the ,only buyers 'in the' before establishing a place for out, of.very littlfepracfical'.
market. The general relation- himself in the industry. Then, % Th'e .procs:".of hihlyss.'tM
ship between them has been cotton growing was far from is "imprfant in.hat' it. brings
one of intense rivalry, but one flourishing in Haiti, and there light- agood-deal of inforitail
gets the impression that, more must hae been the feeling that. abdt the. industry. But first
i often than not, they Alive been n one would battle for ,a share ,. (Continued on pag




On thg labsl

,.I '

Served excursiay at Haiti's Leading

able to live together peasably
in this particular aspect of the
business. The pattern of'purch-
ase. seems.to have beein-for the
larger of the two (the. Brandt
firm) to vary its buying with
the size of: the crop while the
Madsens took 'a more or less
set. amount running slightly-, un-
der 2,000. tons, or some 33 to
44 percent of the crop.

As is the case with coffee,
both companies buy through.
speculateurs', although the latter
seeii to -have even more the
character of commissioned ag-
ents than in the coffee industry.
Advances are normally made to
them and then liquidated by .de-
'ductions from the purchase pri-
ce as the. crop comes in. Their
tie to a, particular buyer is un-
usually close since he finances
the construction. of their esta-
blishment and even purchase of
their equipment scales, etc.
The number of speculateurs
tends id be excessive- the pro-
duct of past rivalry in the 'tra-
de. Apparently the more unreli-
able are being weeded out and
their total number substantially

This buying system does give
the peasant a slight bit of ne-
gotiating room, primarily in the
weighing process. A peasant
woman may have her cotton
weighed by five or- six specu-
lateurs before she makes a
sale. One result is that some
speculateurs pay too,much each
season and- are forced out of

The two companies are ex-
tremely sensitive about "outsid-
ers" raiding the market a
possibility which always repre-
sents a threat to their buying
position. Such raids are facili-
tated by the existence of a fair-
sized independent g i n n e r in
Port au Prince, equipped with
old machinery, and of one small
independent oil refining'compa-
ny. Apparently the. raids have
never been significant in volu-
me until the 1958-1959 season,
but sometimes hea v e a dis-
proportionate effect upon the

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',"^ 10 ' H A 1 T I S U N ' SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 16th, 1962

T but it hardly se'uas likely t in 'i' textile manufacture is the4

T he R ise. A nd FallImK us to the grow er. progression to increasingly dif-,
Sficult processing stages. Both
(Continued from page 9) whether or not it is good pub- I.-MANUFACTURE the Brandts and the Madsens
is important to say something The most difficult decision lie policy to favor imported BASED UPON IMPORTED have been in the oil extraclio-l
about the assumptions whic'i was .that of choosing a price s6oyBean' with preferential rates. RAW MATERIALS- and refining business (from
hav been made. for the cotton seed invoiced to However,since the analysis is VEGETABLE OILS cotton-seed) for many years -
the refineries. The companies historical, the method ol valua- Cotton growing and ginning is since the late twenties and ear-
In general, highly conservat. currently use arbitrary invoice tion used here is to take the the oldest sector of the domes- ly thirties. Although the early
ive assumptions (tending to mi- prices of $30 and $40 in their' prige of vegetable oil as give tic industry. Oil pressing and plants produced a 'certain
nimize profits) were made on accounting systems. Using' an and to estimate what the raw refining comes next in order, (Continued on page II)
such matters as the cotton yield export price in this case would material is worth to a refiner-.
from seed cotton: the oil and not be meaningful. No signific. ignoring the possibility of soy- n A
cake yield; and ginning costs. ant amount has been shipped bean oil as an alternative. This Caribbean Construction Co. S A.
For exampJe, cotton yields are for years. Another method of may boil down to nothing more
traditionally calculated at 30 valuation might be use of ioi- than the contention that artifl- Of The i Cit
percent in the industry-29 per- port and processing cost data cially high finished oil prices Ia
I.-, cent has been used' here. The for semi-refined soybean oil should react in higher local ma-
". one independent ginner charges Eighty percent of local oil coi- trial prices or that special tar- Gen. Manager: Gerard THEARD
51.50 a hundred livres for gin- sumption is from the imported iff concessions on an imported
k ning other peoples cotton. Two product. There is, no question raw material should not be al- Phone: 3955. P. 0. BO e 284
dollars "has been used here in that, if the refineries were own lowed to depress local raw ma-
order to be certain that depre, ed by fully independent compi- trial prices.
location and a reasonable maig- nies, the cost of importing ard Time takes on a rosy hub -
In have been allowed for. processing semi-refined soybean Such are the assumptions up-
In pricing cotton invoiced to would be the basic determinant on which the table is based. The through the sapphire crystal -
the textile mills the export pri- of the price of cotton seed. It calculations outlined there show of your Movado Firmament"watch
ce has been used on the grounds may well be that, given the low a number .aof interesting things.
'that the real cost to the com- cost of soybean oil and the spe- During the six years 1952-53
pansies was the alternative sa- cial low import duty on that thru, 1957-58 annual profits were
Sacrificed. No attempt has been product, cotton seed is not over seven dollars per 100 li- N
made to take into-account car- worth more than $30 to $40 a vres or an average of some-
t ry-over of stocks in the hope. ton. If such is the case, it doubt- thing like $223,000 per season
of obtaining a better price. .This less means that profit margins on a crop valued at $1,300,000. !*
is a .speculation which can go are high, in refining imported [f the margin had been $2.00 a
either way. Throughout, it is oil, and the opportunity promis- hundred pounds of ginned cott-
assumed thAt the whole crop is ing for new competitors. It on, which,is considered a god
sold at current export price. would also raise the question profit by people with periodic ".. -
experience. in the trade, an ad-
'.. '" ditional cent and a half a pound
would have been available for
the growers. This would have
"-, ,, represented a little over a 2)
S Rpercent increase in price paid t.h:r
to the peasants during those? t.8 ;)e
.IU years, or an annual averagee o0 .,
TRo pI about $160,000.
SUnfortunately this in not very The Movado sapphire crystal el 2854 '
much money. Whether it would gleams with a rare brilliance. golden 18 L,.
ha.sf.cnIts hardness is surpassed, gold figure die ,:,
hv". e had a significant effect on only bythat of the diamond.
I..i-: ""- a the size of the cotton crop is You will cherish your
S, TR P GAS cMPANY. :INC. H te ra i .a aIt would have Movado which offers you,43 -
PICAL GAS c eMPANY. -INC. notce rtaiun.d 3 p t 00c r ntre tferSt,
TRs meant, perhaps, 9.3 cent cotton. precision thrice tlum ant *" 'Re. 14.
SMakes everyday a "Holiday" in your -kitched... Use for the peasants instead of 7.8 n three years (at the officei mnlur ov
M e : Swiss Observatory at.es meat gold 18 ctl or s opae wt toe
the "Gld. Star Award" winner, the T OPIGAS range. for most of the past decade. Neuchtel).gure dial
No finer rang anywhere today. This is substantially better, of -
Ay e ne rVe ere today course, but still would not have

EAFLEX TOP BURNER -A gi ngle flame ith kept ocal otton prices on a
countless accurate stages of adjustment for every cook par with food prices.-
Sing need from fast boiling or frying -down to gentle T urningio-t the rs.n and
Boiling Turnge to the prsete
T immediate future the results ofE A
the analysis are not encourag- .
EQUAFLO OVEN BURNER Makes possible n. ing. Lower world cotton prices .
:.: section. Heat is spread in a.rectangular pattern, the have without question cutONE SAL ORIENT
ishaupe'of the oven and broller. No hot center no cold the cotton ginners profits thio O ORO E
g o.:reorJs. . p ast season. The present crop AND IT EUROPE
.s selling around $23.00 per 100
livres. Despite entry of a third
.. PIN POINT PILOTS Cool,, economartic Pin Point firm into the. market and a sub-
il ar only one third the size of ordinary pilots stantial jump in' prices to the
a flame so tiny it kedps range cool in any weather, and grower as -compared with those 4
'.sves yot Ioney, to prevailing at the start of the
season, prices to the peasant. .The Direction of the Casino International take
UGE OVEN ith visalite window. this year will average around pleasure to present to its amiable clients the Spee-
TOP BURNER and PULL-OUT BROILER for 5.3 cents per livre, or the low
LI. TOP BURNER and PULL-OUT BROLER for -est level of the 1950's. Even it tacle of the Season:
easierr, more thorough i.cleaning. I rivalry is strong, during the next
few years, and profit margins TFOLIES ANTILLAISES"
ECONOTROL BURNER makes every ustensils an- narrow as now seems' probable, In the lime-light, the Falklorlc Troup of the Casino
"oatic ""it is hard. to imagine prices to
the peasants of much over six SHOW AT MIDNIGHT
Lifetime guarantee of all burners. fn 6.5 cents a pound-well under H
.. the average of the past few CHOICE MUSIC BY
-Too many features to iist here. You must see it to years. .(This means a price of THE CASINO INTERNATIONAL
appreciate it Easy terms too. 7.5 to 8.0 to the speculateurs.) directed by the
With coffee prices down and MAESTRO QUESNEL
some resulting pressure down D.OS
TROPICAL GAS -COMPANY, INC. on food prices this may not 41
1-UE PAVEE' tMn out to be such a bad.price, ~ .4' *
:"" ." .r :.:: ". . ....".,. -, ,. .. . -. ._, ,,. A: ,. e

centrated in the Brandt plant.
'War-tine import shortages led
to a black market situation, and
in trle Spring of 1943 the .Haitian
government seized the closed
plant and leased it to other op-
erators. After the War it con-
tinued to produce but 'with its

After purchase and scrapping original Owners and managers.
the Reinbold: plant in -.St. As the cotton crop declined
arc,.a -eal monopolyy situation the nature of the industry chan
developed' The Madse.n plant ged from one primarily based
was closed down in July, 1940, on a lical raw material to its
and output for both'.firms coni- status today of mord than 80
.- ,


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ais6e . pour une meilleure faculty d'adap-
tation, pour moins d'usure-. . allez voir le
Super-Rib de Goodyear. Et, tous les superbes
pneus tracteurs Goodyear sont construits A
entoilage 3T "Triple Tempered", une exclu-
sivit de Goodyear!


he Rise And I

(Continued from page 10)
hount of common soap, large-
ale development of that indus-'
. did not emerge until the
9O's,' probably,- because of con-
Oed govrnqment-: .excise tax
and tariff policy.



Rue Payee

S H A I T I S 'I N A" A,-'

the t'vo crnn: n'*cz;'V "0 c t 'efinedv "egetab le, o-l w ith
char;rcterize:s every aspect o. c.aL. value of perhaps.-asmaicll
S": '" ~ the- industry reasserted -itselt ns."'-of ludy 'ssap """va.'
1957 -when a government pro- luedat, another 25000% '
percent depedence on simple tected monopoly, of the soap in., Establishment of this. set :of'
processing of imported semi-fin- dustry (established in Septem 1' local industries was certainly a ..'.
'isbhed materials. (Large-scale er, 1952) was abolished, and logical development. Then mark-.,:'-
production from imported soy- ihe Madens &ommenced large ach case ad beentested'
bean began in .1955-56.) 4cale production 7 .- .'-te n m 'ufao .
Inthe early 1950's the Brandis Today, the value-of output of smple- and capital require-
built a modern soap factory, the two-firms in vegetable bil, ments not great. ThJfact thatC:.;;
and within two -years import soap and lard. is. greater., t pha. prces-are stil].so ~g'.fia
tonnages of common soap fell that of their cotton ginning and sizeable, amount -of vegbta.l1''
from an average of around 7,003 cotton textile enterprises. It oil and soap are .sti pportec
valued at over $1.7 million c.i., probably is running around $2.5 mry well indicatitA tith'-ere is;. .
to less than 2,300 valued al million arinually with somrbthhiih room i.ihe.. in usta for one.or-.
about $550,000. The division br- like an equal division of fipal' .ttwo--- additionaL. rI'.l...t"Il.. r
-" .- product .into= soap and oil..and.be developed Jin s n
With a small balance taking the. P'licY"- sech9ti".,. k '"
form of vegetable lard. A small he V1 t. failkiuiYtb s
amount of raw mat rial -equi-" t 'he iidustr. Is not devel-op.
valent to about 550 tons of ve- Ing a- raw in terial'. s.sibatit tiO4
Sgetable oil-comes from'. local for'- ,niported 'soybean' oi. Bt
cotton-seed. The bulk .of the before dealing ..with .that" ques- '
rest is from .imported products, tion we will have'a. look/,at. theb,";'"
including, some 3,300 'tons of im-i industry's -real pioneering' efi-
ported seril-refined soybean oil. forts ..in Haitianr manufacturgig
In addition some 1100 tons' or--the' co6t '6textile induistiry-""",-':
"..... -: .. . .. ' -- ,:- "
ODETTE -. WIENE1 '- --. ,.
r I ..Presents .
S Every Wednesday Night
UFATURTN0: A rrS'lrus* Efl rr.l rtL
)odyear.a td6 spdcialemnent T- .. ..j ..
oigu pour vous-donner. une ...-
tion maximum. II est muni ..
longues barres pour votis ATTENTION! . : '::: .T J
ocurer la force de traction ,, ..
requise par les tDacteurs I ,. .,-.
,dernes. l mord eni 6iais et -.. ', ..., -..
grke son profile NOW
E-N-T-R-E O-U-V-E-R-T, Fresh babiess Vac .e ,
nettoie automatiquement. Flea-Go-Po.Vder .A".So.. ;
vous obtenez une traction : ..... ,, .
constant. II vous coafte (fleas, ticks an ie)
de temps, moins de travail / their Veterinary Suiplies- ,
et moins de carburant.
le voir encore aujourd'hui CLAUDE; MARTIN .
z votre dealer Goodyear. 20 Rue bone Foi



BILES. S. A .4o


e-we-'Is IS


OoBay State HI
j." ,r,".A report Poisonous Beai
SAs Bead
Boston (AP) Th
usetts Commissioner
Health has issued
against an extremely
-, bean from Haiti, us
Mr.. CHARLES B. WIQGIN -J. Technical director of ODVA: Mr. laces and ornaments
Dr. Alfred L. Fri
THILTPPE.t NORTH. Attach Culture] of'j the French Embassy in t chewing of a
'Haiti and Mr: JEAN RICHARDOT, Delegate of the Technical As3- will be followed by
islance of ONU.in Haiti. returned from a trip abroad this week... ness within hours a
'- Deputy UQUIS "RAYMOND and with flew to U.S. via San Juan... suit iq death with
-. Mr I'ZOt "VIAU.- Minister 'of' Education, received EDMUND He said thousands c
A tINaCuwFIS. Minister Counseller 6f-U.S. Embassy, in his office ,made from the pois
1. tii's week.., Tfe b artmentb 6f Tourism obtained 42000 Gourde have been sold in
credit voted by the LEG LTIVE CHAMBER... Mr. CLEMARD He described it a
JOSEPH CHARLES director of "Banque Commerciale d'Haiti" quirty bean" and sa
S flew to United States Wednesday Sept 12th to attend as observer a threat to children
r_ the meeting of the International. Monetary Funds which will take lar. While state fooi
l-.- ace at Washington from Sept. 17th to 22nd...,Engineer MATHIEU have removed moS
'.DUPLAN and. Mrs., the former GILIANE DIMANCHE feted the necklaces from st
Sbrth of a girl called iMARIE-PASCALE 'on September 3rd... LI- may still be on salt
I:' LANE O)EVIEUX and Engineer "MAXIME DEHOUX married in bean is small and
the French Church of New York on*August 25th... A part of the they generally are
Town St.. Marc was inundated, by the flood of the Petite Riviere tr small red bear
de. 'e St. Mare, 'caused by. the. rain of last Sunday; bilan: aside ma- -bl-ck---o-.
terial. loss, 7 to 8 disappeared, announced "LE JOUR" in its ei-
on SeNpt.' Wlh. igheer G .ALD CHARLtER and Mrs. feted Foreign Min
t6e birth t_ aCanape Vert Hospital Friday... Off To U.
.. .- Foreign Minister
A. N '" T-I GERMANY nters and Protocol
:;ii A Hyppolite, depart (or
; '"" d 'f" . ge1) by PAA this i orhin
W ..arile.Boite sa profess" of Piano and will o- the, opening of the 1
--i- me *ftl on i ertyl t.itU ttt art Conservatory of Session of the Unitec
RC ic. t. pct6ltiet! e play under the gate of pro- "We don't know",
'-4 4 .- a p~ % 't .,. atte rd ,'s oboe, a LE MATIN, "If the

ona".b Haitian -pmacym
1 ','s: ? :" _,. I M a, e. Luwdim_ Di,- u.... .,e, pate in til:e1 meeting
r M a Ministers that is 6eir
U.S. Secretary' of S
: : Rusk to study the C

iiEt ,W VELLISTE, ordinary"
JNl-Am IM oM Ena
atu I ee ton affirms that Haiti
At F -The ummer -acat.ons ended resented at this
-.l last .eelend for a great many. reunion of Foreign
S.D.r. Vilfort Leauvoir, -Vice-- Textile Tycoon Victor Assali Acordi to our
isidnt of -the Administration sat( his'.wife and. f6ur of their .,Le our" ended "
tf the ,BRH, .- M1. children off to school, last Sun- the others members
Efri ;Popcard,'.of the same .Q0r. day. Ctandette Assali will study tlan Delegation are:
-ganization, Albert Charlot, di- interior designing at the Uti- Pierre AddLin, Amil
2.: reetor .of' Budget Office and versity of Miami, Jean- Claude Medco Carlet Augu
Jedan-Claude Ketafm, .,of the -iUl. go. back to Fordham N.Y. sdor to ON and P
3V 0 K. ef i*, es ofle
aelant of Finances few to complete his studies in Com- s, official of the
'.stei'day to the, U.S. as .Pres1- merce and Finance, Ginette will.
&de.t and Menibers. of 'the HaF, ~~ty languages in Frieburg,
Utan Delqgation at. theAp., Il Switzerland, an -Evelyn willI
'. conventionn of Inj pratiqal Mo- make her 'sbqpod bac"' at Ver- TAXES FOR
'et- .%Fund to be .id u ,i.-jFnce.'Victor will jon
pt 17 .'to 22-,. a' r vac tiokns. (Conie rom
-4.' '.. -. -Patricia Abraham flew back- '.
*to I iami.,Sunday and Mrs Ng- The Qoverment
E ta T %al.tookL her daughteiaccording to the sa
;A i 0 T :1 Gladys ,back to! school in New dake g deduction of
SI York from the initial its,
Two laws were voted by the -Miss Shirley Simmons, an In-
gisaefive Chamber yesterday surance broker from New York to collect toll duties
mp,' m.& nl T. e Wberst estabrbliol, stopped here this week. Shirley ges o the atonal r
rn-al the af- giet veiy ,well-konwn in writing
inaatic setentiak ojof'ot -0adi7'.0 lyrics. She speaks French. She PEACE PA
: 0(11.00) a pound of Vetlver was guest at the Oloffson.
.Gdea. 2.00 ($0.40) by' poud., of (Contnued from
I..- on ; Gde. 1.00 (50.20) by the The Peace Park
^of ZAd1 b...- -. Dr.- Luc Bernard by the Department
will, be the center of
':_________ Back Home ,- Pan American Festi
S held here later this
FR B ALE After five years of speclafiza-, A large concrete
'tion in gastro-enteritt diseases and the park's name
VOLKSINAGEN. 19 Mile- at the Homer G. Philips of .St. the Bols de Chene
"iake "nder'1400. .- Louis; Missourj, and .one year pleted by workmen
,Co tionlNE. training in 'Canada Dr. Luc Dancing pavillions, r
MARTIN betweeqt'.p1p Bernard is bael 'home. He .will bar s,' children' -, a
l1 -A.. open slilic inPort au Prin- and play area will t
..P.77-.. .... '.- .' P u in the Peace Park.


UN '























Sworn New Economic.
(Continued from page 1)
IBUNE) This Certificate is a Bearer Bond, at a five (5) year date. I
Massach- P till be given to any subscriber who, by his contribution, will hel
warnof Public thle national effort.

poisonous Article 2nd.-These Certificates will be printed on Speblal pape
for neck- aild printed into coupons of One Gourge, Five Gourdes, Twenty
Five Gourdes and One Hundred Gourdes.
hette said They will be numbered and, beside their value, ,will show the
ngle bean
lent sick- 'ate of the Emission and the purchasing 4ate. They will be pay
d can re !Ie to the bearer and will bring an interest of 5 percent' per annum
12 days Article 3rd.-The Certificates of Economic Liberation of t1I
necklaces Republic of Haiti will be jointly signed by the Secretary of Stati
ous beans i Finances and Economic Affairs and the President-Director of
assachus- he Board of Directors of the BNH.

"the je- Article 4th.-The emission of the Certificate is committed to the
it poses BNRH. This Institution is also entitled to sell and reimburse thb
n particu- Certificates on due time;
and drug Article 5th.-The profits of the Special duty and the Toll duty
lieve they t the additional tax of the Inspection of Vehicles, the revenue)
of such
Ssonie cr te Lottery of the Economic Liberation or any other TAKEE
The ripe to be established in order to guarantee the Certificates, will b
)lack, but deposited at the BNRH, at a Special Account called "Account o
en as ra- Economic Liberation" and -will be affected to the reimbursement
with one ,f the Certificates at maturity, as It is acknowledged in the se
i____ end paragraph of' Article I.
The exclusive control and management of the Account of Econo
ster raic Liberation Will be assured by the BNRH, considererfas Fis
a. ml Agent of the Government.
Article 6th.-Should the funds of the Account of Economie Liber
erre Chal-
hief Rene :zion allow anticipated redeeming of the Bonds,' the operation
New Yoflk vill take place 'at the parity..through the BNB. ,.
to attend The BNRII, if it agrees And d -I he proportion it will decide,
h General will -accept the Certificates as a collateral of a, loan.. .
Nations. Article *7th.-ThlsCertifieale which represents a okitrHl lion
c o n t i n ,ir d J t .. . '
iie .of the to the National Effbrt is compulsory and wilt be cost tilted-a
il; partici- follows: :. -" -. '.- -,
f, Freig i [I-ONE (. Gourde monthly" fro any- day-labourer of,, private
. called by *.r government Enterprise;,4-. :
ate bDein 2-FIVE (5) Gourdes monthly- from any Employee of Commerce,
ban situ '
LE NOU- industry y and Bank and especially from any Public servant, paid
informed., Itss than One Thousand Gourdes a. month; .
II. be re- 3-TEN (10 o es ?,ionothly from any Public -Servant, XEm-
mi,-official ployee of.the Mtunicdptici $, the Co.mmerce, Industryor BtnJr,
onistersa" paid -One psp.a no urdes f ionUt.or over. -
colleague IT:- _-" '."
e Matin". -TWEN1_k 4 0) Gotpiles monthly from any Public' Servant on
the Ha .mplo wmlere, Ind ry or Bank, paid over One Thousand
Julio Jn- -:Ad FQ ,. ..r.ourdes' a nua lf.
ssador to 5-5 percent of the -total apmoWut of any Custom bill at the Im-
e, Ambas- port or he-Export belOd-Ode Totfoand Gourdes.
irre Gous-
ele :ous- 2 percent on the surplus of.One Thousand Gourdes 4p to Te
ancellery '- ....
Thousaiad Gourdes; 1 percent, on all amount above Ten Thousand
----- Gourdes. ., .... j
When the Import, i .f1llove b by re-eport after local trans
,OADS formation, another s aubbcrptihna.wll.ot'be-fiecessary.
Article 8th.-When payllg his Ilcense, -any person lending mnone
ge 1) t interest will buy a certificate of One Thousand. (1,000) Gouides,

entitled .Seven Hundred and Fifty (750) Gourdes, Five Hundred (509) Gour
Law, to des, according to his .classification. e .
5 percent Article 10th.-All other Taxpayers will be compelled to buy
action tax 'erfificate of the amount of 1 percent of the value of. their License
the brid- Article lth.-All Societies, 'Public Utilities Services, recelvin
ids. Deposits of W~t'rant are compelled to convert Into Certificates o
Economic Liberation 25 percent of the money received as deposit.
K... Article 2IIh.-From the-flfth year, the 'Crtificates of Economic
lge 1) '.;beratlon which are eligible t1 'relmbursemeit according to ,
nstructed 'priority table' established by the 'Article 16 of the present Law
Tourism nmay be used for the payment of any Taxes and Duties. "
al to be Article 13th.-The Insurance Companies, except Life-insurance
a] to be -i
ar.- sill buy Cqrtifel s for 5 percent of the amount o( the premiiiu
lock wall paid by their fimers. .
bordering 'Article 14th.-Ti-' different, items considered above are not ex
ere- com- elusive each one from the other.
is week. Article 15th.-Any collection of funds from the Special Accunt
usements rf Economic Liberation must have the special authorization of lth
included Executioe Commission of Economic Liberation. '
'. (Continued on page 16)
7 A-= , ":', -.- ,. : : .. .: '.;"/ .;. <; .. -,.: :; .

ITUNDAY PEPTEMBER 16th, 1962 H.' -t. A I T S U1N '.. N PAGE IAS

wf nTuwi% "VACANCES" 1962

Pretty Miss Claude Na- past..
.: t lemoorin of Oap Haitien who Mr. Franck Michel, censor of character of the feast. Some re.-
Lycee Pinchinat,' recently t froee ts and a nice lunch
---PrOf. -Montaguene Ihasbpwe boat-minded 'and expects tU won the title of Miss Va*- the initiative to convoke atook fres t: ent se and a ice ch
do some- much i. n be buys one. He'd better canoes during the last P mittee, in e to cle te a served. r.::e. a .
eave thett 6 hoe -might start.carving t.e tam va l o on 'the ge
Miat up% W rhe tok off on te Tourim Minister Victi Jamel li excellent idea was was *o;tr to- the o
5th he h iadp diut note a essed .to. riends hin Haiti" tell- Nvers Cnstant to visit converted into reality on Aug- genarians and their parents at
m .o t t acwa Accompanied by her, h ust 21st 1962 by some brilliant "Democratic Cine" at 4:00,-p.i-
IN _r 1W. eer- ,et ethere It.was.
..... to 'ou--.,ees"suihrvantes"e Andre Viqtor, Mw- under the "patmronag of the new 8:00 a.mi. ass, .,. iasia
-ery nc : I've ever seen here. hemline Verne uare Prefect, Me. Morel,.Lafond.,Fa-~Michek seized thepptun
roof of t4..1, a-.-t .ent to 10 different parts e, e director of the' C veres. A mas was 'said, that tlk the auditory on..the
'n tf a g4 ,,-k^-^'hias many days before, le 4naitian Touristoice and M day, in the' paroissial Church meaning of tae.feast .ad.'p
left -T my menagerie has my new white Yola Nemoin Guercy, sister' by Uje Canon Guivarch, cure, -oiuncedfthe magnificent pojnir
kitten klttA ikit-'. a .bqpny, hops arou -d and the. eauy Queen, Miss Vac- and t the 'end of this religious "Les teu the Olds) feIe
9Ven ea a4t -urring eIftti onA in a -special T ceremony al thq optognarians Alcibiade Pomi acS

book on thAlshe sc a Thin dt it d rbe s n tioning: "26 Aout 1962, Jour de bin and ltnne. Laura 'aqusplsazi2
I'adalcafnAw g. y C-for-Chrlie ihe r" tours hwere from h Otgenai, Jaemel." Camille received applause from
tin ca'atttending
-....-. v representet (about a, hundwered) Ir- ortaui r :

ia dodbledoie- -SJ .n ceived in sthe large room of the This p do
ie; Carlo --reEd tie beauty ue A Municipal Library -where Md. be deposited to the upici
; (--e and eona. t ia, -dn -hoe "Sunday "" Franck .Michel rn ta e spe- e sLibrary- of'Jamel .with. thle ph.l
ently tnes days^ -- rorge' baf hei;* hat-do sbut*only h ng lieer'trteated" majho thanked the Prefect, the civil- tos takeihpon the cirdumsanice.
er Dan bises em.Are you tuned in this week ? -Gh ally byofficialsofth To litary authorities, e It go ample
S .. : -. audience and all those who, to -the future geheLation in
b.. Calnxthe is back on her job full time (not vacation time). -e co-n trib A 1ted to dthe sub- expression of their. feeling
-Speaking of that office, Bobby (because it's not his nam?) cess- of this special feast. The gratitude, to tfeir elders:
--liah;ei,' .~: si ee'o, ": go."wt.h his boke.n anr'iri ENG. L.ONEL TELEWAQUE octogenarian Me. Adrien Carre- 'r
'adalhet. bo itc'h'his g ew lobby horses, horses, ories.... '' r n ard (Andry Carene.in litera- We wi ed. to congratulse: frote
hthe funerals' of Engineer Lionel ion pdt the accent on the so- ing Committee
o .fnb man,; or ,even -a- leg -iman ". you- m'st admit tint Telemaque deceasd -Id hi is'res- cial, democratic and fanilial-"Le Nouvliuite" Aug. my,. 1iqqu
cheile Sejourne has the mnost'glanibrdus pairof gams In this idence took 'place i"'Petiorivllle - I - .
ariy 5otlieF tbwt' i-rlW terri5 are run-prooi too ''--It doesn't Church. ----.-- -- -
a en -ften, t n do it's tbd pride o admission. He -;was -thle brother df Dr. . / -.
e 7 )e..A. toolc the bandstand last TTuesday arid tickled the ivor- Paul- -'e ue ahd- 1aurice -EW PUBLICATION OF-Dr-. J. O i -li1i
Tele naque. - .. l ,:
s at Rendez-Vous for good hour and good it was. The hand .
.. patrol li . e.. l ok- $.eir eys 4-The .. J.B thoman, Dean ol sititot This (indiee dcormique e)
S r wan : EAGRICULTURE th Insitite of t Ethnblogy of maxiu length of their s
te ottery is going great guns, with more entries-than any aiti, published a newbooken- o atero-posterior size the n
lottery (except the jnWItdnal) .ha' eyer puUedT' *wouldn't mind since, Pote..Cole-closed-down titled "Introduction AI Anthro- ximuin width ofr heir head ort||
86 pitng fhat 5s(IQgoe-rdA -nalselfl"especially' now'.that Whe Gourde itsi operations., in ,the .Northi-De- pologie Physique des Haitiens" transversal size $nd the cepdal
Iuee in ManitifsaI4 i1/about to Open for business. I just hope pattment, the Bureau 'of.7Agri- (ssay on, the'Physical Aitro ic index. .
some of the first proceeds aroused to fix the road in the ime uure. will, be.reopened asin, p gy of the Haitians).
the LU. .....I :. I m.. c u. ur e.. Ireopened a
entl o e d u thanked the Prefect the civi-tos
-~ ,- --N .. -and cion of t suie; ,.

site neighborhood. -Excuse me; the Koehlers left for Eurore e p p t a d in the 140 pages of this new- of Ro mi ei she
btethe U.S. -Andy Zcliar, wher isleaving soon, has a real-bar- ed by an agronomist to. be s publication ; Dr. Remain makes the to erage'te pt g the Haitians.
!gain in freezers to dispose. df. --You should see-the gorgeous pan- elected by the Dept. of Agricul- scientific and storic consier- is as follows: "Goo d-stized
os eat Carlos, made of that lovely hard(b -woven Haiti's n no material ture. atons on the ri te .Hi- height with 'hyo: sisome' aspect:
beauteousa s c olors. And Grandma McI ntosh has a new trick 'Han peoIo aE aG oesultf the including,' on uoe hand: short. .
- b teo o.1 A Gr , h. n i -S mixing of different African tri- trunk indii duals with long legu.*:
he decorates her straw hats with other tiny hats, with handbags bs, more and lss lnix d' 44th aid thie wilst auove the pubis' -:
.., .., - -, at 4:00 ture) in a brileian improxdsa- Fraidck Michel and.the .l se

No..atnch. The hand embroidered muumuuts for every one from E. Edwards Visits the former French colons. The and i brai c y-cores on the
age -to 6 100n th man,,t; hop are a shopper's dream... just the thing X author who i" a graduate of tbh e other hand: medium-sized heal2'.-
Wotb that niec-'or aunty back home or even you and you and Earl Edwaq'ds of Federal Institute of Ethnology of Paris individ4ls or truly large, res,
ou.. he Ce e liese o. 5364 was the first car to n A y of in his vestgatons checked pectivel"' called mesaticephale s
Sc l ashgton, D.C. arrived via 1730 men selected from the five and dolichocephales."
ake contact with the new gourde house at Martissant he Pan-Air Wednesday the 5th and geographic Depat ee nts of :.
1m ncked right into it some time Wednesday nite, and it's going left the next day for Santo Do- Haiti. Their average age was The publication of Dr. Ror.;ai
appeno cost more a gourde to. fix ido p is radiator. Eager beaver! dmiss ingo. He was a guest at Car- 27 years. r. Remain took into is something new ..our scie-
ran-Claude Casiera is busy-doing a job of modernizing the count- ibe Haiti Hotel and spoke consideration their stature when tiflc literature certiinly- it will 4T,
s and shelving if the 100O Articles Store -- clever boy, that highly of his accommodation standing and sitting., The draw the attention of scientists VA^
S'ork Its here the Diesel-powered Morris Oxford which Teleraue and Maurie
-bhe -AA. took" the- bandstand last -Tuesday ad tickled the ivor- P ION w o FDre t, e wo ._

means increased economy, in repairs, gas, afld longer engine FOCUSING, COMPOSING AND s
... and who isn't interested in redur ng his running cost these EXPOSURE -SETTING IN ONE .
Siys? -Frank Shaw. skipper of the Flying Cloud, who spent some COMMON VIW R '-

'time in Haiti, lost his ship on a reef just off Antigua, but saved -,.A q
lihnselh. The John Masons who' gave up Haiti to go to Antigua.
S-ginterested in a old inn on that island, where they also run y RI TUf or, ax e RED th
.,.INTE WMORTH I ptedor siz

charter boat business. Wotta you want to bet they'll be back Sncre .m LN ES Ii
nrd some day? -Sam Ferber was badk in town last Thursday, sz 6-LE tNS ---
till complaining that he doesn't receive his copy of the Sun at oI U os inbe..ortDe-
trime in the U.S. What wrong with the mailing department any- a ll T (- CAMERA I
??? Maybe it's on the other end? Could be. -Seem.s as how Z e O n "
uston is having bean trouble not the usual kind, but with the .- o t sde .,
an necklaces from Haiti. Well, that's a switch. -If you've heard .'
lot of old squeeling around this week, blame it on me. My New At: LITTLE EURO PE
plakes are howling from the mud and water baths they were cul, e

ticed to take during the rains. Well, if it isn't d one thing, it's six!
t least I don't have R. (for nothing) Paul Weesner's chick pluck- THE HOME OF EX UISITE GIFTS a .
6t troubles! KAY MAJOR =r r .. ...








(Continued from page 4)
:on the other hand it might well
"be charged that the Western re-
ligions are not only far less, re-
"-iverent for life but far more in-
clined to teach that> this uni-
i'erse is fallen, man a depiraver
"'product. of an -original ,sin and
,:.'as St dregoiry' the Great Pope.
;JSintl and .floctor of the Clihurci
Iazight, in a sermnq -to two
S o.o'iuig nobles he was marryvng,
fat't though "it is better to- mar-,
a.ry than 'to burn"' yet as there
,.Fis.a -high probability that a con-
'siderablepercaentage of the mar-
:.i-agi offspring will burn etern-
!-ally it would bp -xmore consider-
ate. -and compassionate to ab-
Staimn from reproduction. Though'
the, \-'estecn' psyche-if saci a
is tiuly defiable-- may
care for living. for vliing.s Sake
inore than thie East, and 'mny.
'6hout, as Santayana boiled
," .:-,Browning to 'one phrase:
.'Hurr~h for the universe!"
-Western" thought has certainly'
"..been gloomy enough, in "regard
to life's". prospects. Nor- was
""Sfinburne.. right ih believing
that the.P.T..e Galilean turned
an ,-ellenic blue sky "pale
1-lJh thy breath." It is not a
.rb6ther, but the greatest
'i eastfd .oo the-.Greek stage, Sb-'
.ihocles --himnself, who rmriarks.,
d"Banore "majestic in isades
;, than Vgrgil's- self, A a doK-'
d% do'ai, of, human; kind')
,i'appy are. those .who.. die'
qung, but only truly blessed
re""' those. who never- were
Rp;bornV And ci TO' -faric is,
p the "working int l e'.of the
'basic bpiefs and repaqoris of a
people, lgion -n .the West- we
,can see takqs the i..orm of pow-
erf devices ,of..sippression. by
roj'-e-c ti ori sublimatio4 and
i; anerence .it'1ocuses -the-9 1-
:'ons.of' acti e,,men.-And pro-
Sduchs .normq.4 g The





not merely amuse or shock)
would. seem to lie in the fact
that it seems an example of the
life accepting, life expressing,
basig. religion. And we can stu-
dy it because our own psycho-
logy. our own discovery of and
exploration into *our own sub-
Conscious shows, how many of
-ur phobias and persecutions
(let alone our, psychomatic dis-
eases), spring from. the. interior
conflicts which our suppressions
provoke. And as we are ready
.o leErn from this survival from
an' earlier. Intuitive way of life,
it too, .once it realizes the-self-
essness and respect with which
%t is studied, will be prepared
.o learn .from us our skills in.
the management of the extern-
at world. So "we.4tnay end mo
deqn man's' wretched dilemma:
-Go on with exterior progress
and leave your arrested soul
strangulated .or go back to that
way 'of life whtie it can live
and .abandon- all your outward
gains. We now see that every
advance- in understanding the
outward -world must and can be
mrratched' by an equaly- explicit
progress' -in' our knowledge of
.the inner. Ifv we grasp that then-
our.. weary.- oscillation between
revolution and reaction is -over
.We shall advance stetiily in a
balanced' sychob"hysial evolu-.
tiori increasingly, scientficall3.
.aware of, ourselves .as we be-
come increasingly scientifically
-aware obf outer 'atur;. If' we
attain.this true progress, .'it may
well. be-that we shall owe it, in.
po small part to a scientifically
understood, and practice~ VooI
dpo. -

a. t L o xo09F


The New Family Car,

.4~a~t4'ii i&V 'itt *.
-r -e" -'

A family car which combines
new standards of comfort with
advanced technical. specific.
tions pad an elegant body de-
sign .is' the' new' Morrs 1100, in--
(b-duced recently by thle uritish
Motor Corporation.
. The 1100 is powered by a 1098
cubic centimetre capacity oveL
head valve ,engine mountedel
:transversedly and 'driving the
front wheels. Indepdent stspen-
sion is provided on all 'fo&r
,wheels, in conjaction with &.
-patent Hydrolastic unit- which
elilmdnates -. the use of conveni-

cornering qualities for which
the 'lMini' is well known.
The new florris has a maxi-
mum speed. ofthe' irder o f 7l
miles per hour, .with. accelera'
fion and fuel consumption which
compare, favourably with other
oars' ot Its size. Disc brakes are
provided ion the ,front. .heels,

.* -. - : ..._ .1 .
Miles Des!

EfO Tll hDV fl

.. .g '.lN "-, . "

and the 1100 follows the trend
towards simplified maintenance
by having nIly four greasing
points, and the cooling system'
and suspension are. "sealed- tf6
360 Ave *J.J. Dessalhaes
Tel. 3134-2772

leurs S. A.. .


tional dampers-and is a deve- -- O. UL N&aINEA ER -
lopment of the rubber cone sus- urA'. -L S AT
reosion which has been used IEX SIVELY AT
grept effect on the DB..C'. Mini EPIERIE HENRI RIGAUD .
Minor. It Is designed to reduce .
pifreA apd .Munce without; ti PRODUCTS OF UNSURPASSED,.STANDARDS
pairing the road holding, and r .OF O P'I 'PURIT.Y

_____________ ShiSjkSa AUi

uble is.-that sU'b energy is ..4 t: 7 - - W' -
Sestru ctve. suc emo- RM PO"R.T-AU-PRINC '
:s. 'pentcutory.-.,Th exrpa- '" TTC U WF
,ofthose who'.do not:.submit ENT (INCLUDIN(.i ULSEJ J AlJVl
youl -t:onstructi9ns isation -
Sinto an ct a piousfaiti .U., ND-Ti .
l-devo legion havthe religioid of AT, ... .
nbee mre bitter r an SPO AIO
:l,.tln against the-e!der. life . |
gions that believed in ex- $1 ,., s a
ssion- father than suppres- ;'- Cn
ft. ,Th interetsf of VQodoo for Ch"ldnent-' r eo t.
dod' (madd the. tha i'e Privrate Dressing Booms *

-'- --- - -,-'-* ---":. --- -*.-- 4 - . -
71 Under the personable management of and '
IIrYSE BUT'EAVC, the ai..n4itioned, restaurant ':. ,"',
"U^it fhing aqosp"er .it ., . I p FOR
3 tis -soothing atmosphere --q"ulto sto IIusi FOR
'anoAs! ofsortespte"a" for businessmen aod .t
eir iwiVwhlh tfim t the City., '
Se. businesshla tulol n ...lunh with d .. . BETTER CAKES WITH
iy yariety.atf$1.50 is npw anpBhbllblhed favot. ,
4fS.me of specializes of the6 'imnisn", Haitian in BETTER 'TASTE
lsiticuliar,.ihave been handed 4ow fo generating
ind .la.ve no com~eitors. They'are, "Lambi gratine, 'BETTER TEXTURE.
i.revisse. homard flamlb, poulet a la 'Russe, tass ,.
.dinde, tissot ie' filet, g.ot, esd."ope augryee, .. -
-"- xw ." ,'.

*a ^Tr/^ '1


Sltfltn'w1rn I'W.l 2 JN`fl EI rnHIS WEEK k"
I1 c... >. a', n'i .."d . ?+" -:?" .. " ..byhej*..:. -
-Thursday night at. Caribe- Penna. ;Sh will ;iea JIea
H a i t i m. . . . ." : .. l a
The following enlisted M'ner orvilus;: Valeria Abner, Bel- Haiti is a real delight with the le any c s -
be pensioned off oq cto od LOuis,-BeliU Jeaia-Jo- best Haian artst such. as Island. She's a delightful-rin. Sy T ot
Sseph' Robe.t St. J.n, Merilus Madeleie Marcel: who. sings gue ancer '. : .: :Satt. o L J kn t

Aertrand: Antopio, Georges P. Salomoh Aitoine, Roudeau Sam- .Black Blouses in a programsj of a"n toA is.tuiea-
arie, aed 'Dmanese-' Sano;?n s on. Quartler-Maitrs: Pa u L 2,st andeRock n' sl and th k -.. .B ld S'ouar l
igard, stJoseph, ph Meiuissaint, Brignol'Bruny. frous Feix.Guigerd's OrTh- trip. tth'c o"g "..0.ao k.
rt, e iar, S. Soler: Thoi as D inois Ru- - w .. d:. t telve- children, eight LIft A e, :
bert, .elran er Hetor ral Police: Etinne Amajuste, homas Deliois.- ore tha a delightful prog- fo '*boys. They: ca .ei i
gusin Sidney Viellot Mombrun, Laciv oi ne Ulys- ram, .t is an informall night. alone in January nd ery.ki 0:loA e
u n. tatea- .S e Alexis Lysias, Albert Da-s n (Frou Temto -.i February wli.two oy.
F e ib i Paul ci s LE ty WdId call it the This ntime -,were traveling ,.., .
,leii Paul is eight .of .the slobs;. along- wit'Bthreedaughters Ed-
', wasin 'the verg Cf trs o ..e ,j.

Cani To4The Nurses' School' upon-her departuaest g u3ay er4Y 4 aj
r... ...li,,,dPl o T h last Sud- atoE&-bi A-Will

S'Twit.: Diana spent a year at the -Mipss RdB T (in a( k, a new ila
.Schweitzer Eospitalas a nurse. addition oco Group at x9..
The folo g..adid re Marie, JOSEPH Alir MA S wt back'to. Pittsrgh, ti .. pital . Jere-6 sn

adnutted. 'the NursesAh ol GUFFIE .. Geraldine, 'MA LO. a-oan n" i.al technician ?Wcr i oSnI' g"
a 8XIS aure,: A.JQU i ( tE arie G ,iete, Dyi L telv" i dhigan.. eIn .
ione,,.AUGUSTEN |, Marie Iaud,'MIIE Tails of the Citadel. -y r lilanof.;th on
APTISIE ie niMPOINT' -An e (e C -(Continued.i.om .,gae 5) :1-- Impe iaI CPhemical industries-of ;b 'tki si8 Zi
pl ain e,. .CHARLEE. a, .RAMIEAU- Charlotte, v 'r.. *. -' Ld*!in arrived from : Jamica. .
1CHERY G iQeke, Jos'ephine,. ^S'A4 .M- 'N '-"1 can't imagine that Chits- Wednesday' last for, short visit active met-4 -
ndrea, DANIEL Mati- tape, Claudett-e, .TIAS..LE Hu- topher built this castle 'wi th te he..... .l e, be
DOMANY Claudette LAN guette. ;remnants of the wrecked' Sanita ay'an vely Gail Weesle wilel'
are Gladys, EUarie- Maria. The sailboat of the Span- traveling along wither moier
GEJORGES -Louiseme ER present at the Nurses' School of it?" wThe guide explained there leaT e -"~eahefi' r t6 ''!I .
GES olette,-. LAR Celine, Port au-- Prince on Septemb.e was a confusion in the mind of frTonm Te'Bix a
ElISIAND Denise; ,LA2AR- 20th, 1962 at 8:00 a,i. the visitor since the Discoverer hbei'this week other 1Irs.
RE I .erline, JEAN-M I'CHEL Mme WARDA S. MEHU, was named Christnpher Colum- Gail got;her vacations of; 1962 etdel and fell fori Haiti.: h~
Va e-Therese, JEANNTOf Li- Directress of the Nurses' bus arid the builder of the Ci- mnarked. by catching in MMontego "charmat. visiteds'es" ht:
ette, JEAN-BAPTIS Rose- S ol. tadel was Henry Christopher, Bay the largest fish of the year ve' theysaid up e:t
Sig Kg of Haiti. The first was a, a blue marlin f 198 lbs 'aid .r usdC esy n 1o

----- -white 'man and the -second was 11g f and 2 'inches. They i- r Se e es For
m te .p a Negro, hen'added. .* .- ,sited Pothet/ u Prince with Jeaan rte lte y .
NEW HORIZONS FOR HAITI COTTON The tourist, not convinced at. Perigordj' 6.-the' Southerland- AhFe dn'oaiitetudhi
- all, went and. sat down on a Tours. wife fbner Feomande Dor
.In o.e .f its late st edit.ion,6 otof ana obttn.a .S elected bronze cannon..." Graham Green, vife who r ert severi Ds_*,

league "Le *oiur" revealed seeds are being given farmers laughed: -Murray G'aber, Presid him while sev was :stu g
t the. Departmentieoi -Agriul. -:of 'te Artilplinlte Department -"How 'stupid can. some Ame- the Montana Hotel welcomed-a- Pawhology he was 4ear.yapg
are has launJied a program oR and. the.jatea Central' where rican tourists be!" . the airport last week. hisdaugh- atl. isso-a -o1
evalozao, of the production the sol Is well suited o' cotton -Look at him, I replied. He ter Ma and his s Bsda atynd. He got. '.
S *'- culture. .. is ."un" Americain bien Iran- ents. Mr. Hans -Loew and ,hs stholarship from the U.S. Nava
According .to the newspaper, quill" (the title of a novel by wife Josephine. Mrs Murray ...
S" the project is financed by the British author). Graber joined the party her Conrere. Frank C
ENG. LUC CHANCY IDAI (Initut de Developpe-- this week.' -uagire. Director of rtaek

PASSESa, E AWAY '. ment Agricle et Industrie-, -M lr, Jehan Roumain ook 'her itn" flew to iMiami riday to
OMNY Claudete: t:p'' n rge r BankMois CreditB lo.. 'r Bloant Departs ovely daughter' Jeanine to ,Col pick up his beautiful wile Peg-
a G -s Agriculture an. Industry, which elle Gladys Blot, Miss Cale lege Marie de Frdhce,:in Mont- gy to ai two month trip to -Eut.
-The well-known and popular offers to contribute t300,000, at 1961, granted of a scholarship real Thursday last. Jeanine will rope. Frank has bnen .vited
mngin.edes Dalles, ounray So e lef Tesg "Le Main,.. Gonsida-ring isG he la nguages. Nati ons New York s at pent New York 'for a-ltwo moehh va

'rmber 9th, on the break of day. the question, asked h or the ex- of e fe fare elled at tho Iast weekend here... Former cations. o

O His funerls took place at the tension of the cotton plantation owen-Field by her mother, France Jean Felix who married -Bern. Shindler, President of
Sre-Coeu' Church Monday af- In the South Department, espe- Minister Victor N. Constant Victor Joseph in New York on the El Rancho and lovely daugh-
terhoon. at 4Qn-sp.il.-, aud a cialy- for the plain of Aquip numerous friends and admirers. July 8 arrived here Friday last. ter Jody are back Thursday. .
Id ` hate 'j

arge crowd of-paret-and tri- which, in the past, prou- ar iced.. ani
a.a .aa-*.4,:..t *, I. L....th e erbic de -s'zq

Thnds. tout nt c e a P ideal .otton.e .F S H ER'S, .

D ambNT 1d D amoi -IUEURe r l



*. ^ gThe only sweet LIQUEUR made in Scotland [oarO FR ..
the basis or tl.e fliuest pure old SCOTCH WI ISKI. LIQUORS Jo WELRY WATCHES t
Indispnsa.ble for festivities and for every occa-

rL- Preetzman-Aggerholm & Co. .
G* . .'., . on we

.. in k: t "M"" "iami : .r' ""+r :.

p7a~sbt?$ 'r~"~"- -"Y.'~" ":':':' *'~-v- ----"'*'*.



yag par... FA PR ANCnE .t
- C ,L .L. . AD ,,U D D
Emma=" ".. __ I ni. ,

..*lvely Miss ;Antinette ilandal -exchanged vows .Saturday Sept-
m-iember t with'-lssaab'at St. Peter titurc. of Petionville.
a s Mr. "Hdb IHidl aoted as -Best Man and Mrs. 'Antoine Iandal
oalA;Bioq 6 BorEhe -wdig*w'a as arieed y- iabeth
zoJkila, accompaated by litlsardBamillal folowed-by -'for Maids
'o: honor. A nle. andal, .Katos e -S.es, Myrm :Ha-landaIban-i
sitNa Cassis, .: -
-'."--e bride was wearing al-ban iftl,dress made byy Helene,Zenny.
..er beautician was a 'Kaymonue Rodriguez
3'."ser-e. ri teligous, ceremonyn, a:-erytnitxemecepUtion .aganized
Sliae$lsiandal was held uit.the -'Chib- aitiano-Arabe. .iLe
i..es.'.tele prepaw.ed/by.. ,.UBelard and -Nfetais-Talamas.
"sThe newly wedsa.'went'-4.to;s Jona- Deadh for .setr honeymoon.
- -, .. "* . "* " .. . "

(Continued from page 1)
ler 'Noe C; -Fourcand. represents
the Company, the incorporators
of which are William -F: Park-
t Jr., Robert L.' Parker and
-Edward Heller. -
SThe'Cotnpany. Will make, plan-
:tati6n'. and --pur.adses foi :e.x

A big 4-ton open truck of the
Madsen Company had a freak
accident on the Delmas 'Road
Thursday. On the steep down-
grade rear the home of Colonel
Arty the truck-driver apparent-
ly was unable to control its ve-
locity and nudged a passenger-
carrying Chevrolet station-wagon'
in the rear and pushed it off the
road t1 the right. Next it over-
took and pushed another pass-
enger-carrying motor vehicle in
the rear and off and onto the
sidewalk. Finally it pushed a'
light, European car full in the.
rear which mounted the side-
walk followed by the truck
crushing in completely the-rear
of the light blue car. Score:
everyone Walked away from
the wrecks unhurt and unharm-
ed and the truck-had full ins'ir-

A more serious accident oc-
-cured earlier across the street
at almost the same spot, A
Ford ,Fairlane p'.l ac q u e 5895
leaving -the road to -become
crushed between an- electric
power pole and a stone-well,
hood crushed in front-wheel
btoken- off, flood all' over both

business i
just been
ing the U
into the
This line
ment the
the public
now rend
addition t
of Morris
Rovers, a
U.S. Ro
Jn the aul
-U.S. Rubt
the late .18
tory was
From tha
items -rani
ll- the wa
tic to che
became d
known syn
*the. ladie,
culture -1
for. all- ty
dustri, inc
Losing an
-Keds (a '
U.S. for
shoes), ui
U. S.- R
Rubber C
handless a'l
ling .. a .
side of th
in yaflou!

liwy eredelitbted with; tetr sojourn there. They praised. high pOT, and wil process a ll L '7 s rrts
el- the service' ad. therhoitallty of .Perre (Youpi) DA- of fruits and vegetable but pi-in- -
....a..... ..e.. . Sh e...They i. cipally, okra, Egg-Plant,.. Pep ... .
:4.. ,Ge T-n ony -ShiCer.. hheyu only .eh umbers, C hrr Le s, tr
cld. 4"d stythere onge, ..oh-a pemiMneBt. hoymoon. strawberries 'and Pineapples.
... Presumably -the'- nw -company
S.- "- is operating .or Scptt' Mattson MSI
RIDGE.. EW B N- SON.. a frti and produce handler
% i basi.:rom o a -l '" continuedd ,.from -page 1) with ,hepd-,q u a r-ter-s at. Fort '
i ei codsQhtionn tPf "the, of Chancerelles. .iei ce Florida, since Messrs, -
7-b^til.ents 'and'fillby'Jea'n -The-.same-dayvat '10 p.m., she Parker and Helier have been .' ..... : a.
eit .Cle. ; says he saw a lady dressed- associated -wnith that company '
financingg i came -from a-sick person take off with her in operations in the -Bahamas.
iftmda for rebhaiilitatin' -'follow- son. Since"' that 'time-, she .has. 'The-New .-York Times .recently
p ig' the.-dama ge "of-- .uiicane not seen her son. A-:Police- iq- -tabulated -.gross revenues of: ... .
Bfz.e sevial .years ago and vestigation has been. begun in- ,Scott Mattson "running 'to $5
so ributei by the Inter formed' the. soldier Cyrus Jo million, 7 miln anntlly.'
canBasi. seph. b

s -* (',, tContinued from pag 1) '" '

ECJ ONOJ 119i "fN T*TAXES... g 4
'.,.. .. '. '" ,Jo r" thi, #eek..' .
A l o16th.-The elgibility to 'bu rmet w Bekin within .Teai s 'f these various' sister. ..
l iyba afte r the dafteof the ismaniee of the Certficates and 'Republics have been contracted
t;wll taieyp e ,si'mowing ana according to the by. the Department of Tourilm-
ied by the #chaslnqdate. Tlhrough arrangement with the 4 ;
*"-nt e" ".ed ...... Haitian Football -Federation. Al-. i L .
:: -- though the date of the tourna-
9. e p l. .e:. payment .,of tbem riment has'not been specified it,
!-...ployees,'AhebAcntAnts, the Caidlers of the PubUl Administra- is believed that the' games will. 't' A CTTi
tie nianageriotlndshsfry' id4 Gommerce Firms will make take place during the Second. ,
H ty .ded uctiq of th. ,nen to buy the .adequate .Certifi. Pan' American Festival in Port ..
1a.6abg'ofcon le o o ue t buy th adqut Certii-au Prince later this year. .-
otdiorek l iberation according to the table fixed in they E .
.. The evening daily 6f Avenue'
S. Made Jeanne suggests that .
q l8th.taeqsltonu of, th. Certificate of 'Economic wide-spread publicity be given or PrineHati
Se:'y \f'4iW ,.A, lt.l..e.. Ha tians or foreines. sa to this Impbrtant football, meet: -
t zen Hatitans or oeinr who that could attract football fans Agents: USIN1 A GLACE; NAflO$AI.E, S
f .ra- -:. .t th N.tiona Efort." ~ a wid "

S Pc'( 1

Kneer Transfers U.S.
Rubber Agecy
Kneer, well-known in the. world, including E;nglan
n Port au Prince, has Mexico,. Venezuela, Argentii
instrumental in pass- ex-Cuba (where it lost a val
.S. Rubber Co. agency able plant) .
hands of AUTO, S.A. 'The parent 'company is'
of tine -tires will aug- leader in research .for all ,yp
quality of service to of rubber,,goodi, .primarily 'Uil.
c which AUTO, S.A. with emphasis bn ;new -metb.
ers, and is a fitting of .manufacture, :new .material
o their representation and thd, constant aim of higw
cars and MG's, Land quality and- better control. Du
nd Hertz rental .cars. ingA.he course -of a year it .rui
)yal Tirds are leaders millions of test-miile" on all d
tomobile industry. The ferent kinds and types of tin
ber Co. dates back to to evaluate new process 11
900's when a small fac- der all conditions -of operatic
started in' Connecticut. from Arctic- cold -t6 -aesiet'i:
t small beginning has and all rbad conditiohs.';v
a company which to "off-the-irad" conditions
ires some -33,000-odd Labratoqry research costs
going, apart fom tires over twenty millionn .p
y from rubber to plas-'. yarly. 'All types-p a ,d-e.
emicals.- The -eomGpany tires. are availableb"in. i4.
1oubly famous .,for its ufacturing points "aItY-"ss .
nt of Lastex, a well- : wotd. '- -
nthetic (particularly to U.S Rpbber is ooe.of l
s), but ;also In agri largest i its itid ir l th
fields : chemistry -.,and :ith a 'world-wide' repui.
pes of :rubbei'Jor in- o ityThe
clUding conveyor belts, a.policy.-f maeind '.
tibmmin belts, Tubber. er i .er t "
d packing, ais wl al ita a1hs-no:
ho-sehold work I.~' e ie sm i .
rubber.A solid .,play
making infe~drior iulitY
pholstery and flooring- Rubr -.io tq
etc. ' ..
u b b er- Internationg lity first,.l js.ahi -a-Wa
division' d6f t-ie4'lJtS. .AUTIO S-.- :-i aady- t
X., :and' Internattional le' your r-..robl.' :
It' op,,atios, both sel- tio'fb .its oe.
naTufacfnir ng out- 'vices, ."and invites y Mi
se U:S., with factories ea .-patronage
s counties. all'.,over 30 Ave J.Z., iieiaV. e