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Haiti sun


Material Information

Haiti sun
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 46-47 cm.
R. Cheney, Jr.
Place of Publication:
Port-au-Prince, Haiti


newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Haiti -- Port-au-Prince


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began Sept. 1950.
General Note:
"The Haitian English language newspaper."

Record Information

Source Institution:
Duke University Libraries
Holding Location:
Duke University Libraries
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 32441147
lccn - sn 95058138
lcc - Newspaper 2117
System ID:

This item is only available as the following downloads:

Full Text


PORT-AU-PRINCE, fITI, 37 Ave MarieJeanone -

Maitian ll diste On World Tour:

^ ** ; ..,,'. .: .': .
SMrs. Olg. Silvera,..a d.i a'n't, kriw dress designer adp
a ghig i-rom an an Air rance prietor 'q.01gfabQu.qu&;in Pe
int6eiontinental Jet:, on. one oef 'tiohville .is" tO're-enit on ali cot
ar; .'th'rtye wrstop-t
~ .I


.The purpdse oftrip of the well- (Cont pageI6

Sorcery And Civill nation
II 4

French And Creole: Some Comments

This is not .a "scientific arti-
cle," but an attempt to speak
common sense about Haiti's lan-
guages. People who come to Hai-
ti. for the first time are often
surprised, then baffled, and fin-
ally discouraged by the fact that
this little country has more than
one language. Usually they are
told to learn French, the official
language. Barely, they are ad-
Svised t) '!:r- C e'e, w .-'
could be called the "national"
'language, because it is spoken in
some form by all Haitians. Vi-
sitors soon find, however, that
many maids, houseboys, taxi
drivers, storekeepers, and parti-
'. i .

cularly all professional people guage. Their country -is' par
soeak English. and this tends to bilingual: many 'of them: ha

discourage them from learning
a new language. Spanish-speak-
ing visitors are agreeably sur-
prised to fihd how many Haiti-
ans, even rural and uneducated
Haitians, speak a perfectly good
Spanish--yet another reason for
not learning either of the lan-
guages of Haiti.
Haitians themselves seem, at
least impressionistically, to be
quick at learning new tongues.
If this is true, it may be because
many Haitians have had long ex-
posures to more than one lan-

lived in Cuba or in Santo Do6m
go: and Americans here expo
'hem to English as well. B
Haitian linguistic aptifhde -
indeed it is special- ought
to discourage strangers frI
learning one (or more) of
languages of Haiti. Language
the system of communication
a society. There is no more
fective way to con\ine peo
of one's sincere desire to comn
nicate with .them, and so to I
derstand them, than by learn
their language or languages.
Learning a new language

--*"- ---- -------.. ,'* --"-.,,":

D iThe Languages Of Haiti
tli difficult.. No matter what' lan- the difference in making the tw;:
Ive. guage it is, it has subtleties and sounds is actually quite slight
in- nuances that are very hard to Try saying a. few words which.
ose sounds "b" and "p" (like "pace" are alike except for the initial !
3ut assimilate. And long before one and "base," or "pike" and'
-if even. gets to learning any sub- "bike"), and what is meant will'
not tleties, there is plenty of hard be clear. There are such fine
om work and' sweat. A few words differences, and many even fin-.
the here on what a language is won't er ones in all languages; but of.
is make it easier to learn one; but course they do not always have
of it may help pin down what some to do with the same sounds. In."
ef- of'the difficulties ,are. Creole, for instance, the differ-."
pie Every language has sounds, ence between "oh" and nasali '
au- and these sounds are usually ed* "oh" is enormous so far as'.,
un- pretty precise. In English, for meaning is concerned. But since:
ing instance, the difference between we don't make much use of na-
-a "p" and a "b" Is/enormous as sal sounds in English -at least
is far as meaning is concerned. But (Continued on page 4)

r *. .:..,



N ,. ,0 0..1.__.

..a. 7 7 th -
CITE DU.MHARSAIS ESeThJE- Phone 2861 -n Vol XX Sunday AUGUST leth, 1962 No 45-

.... '' '1i' "'1 ''W
Disabled Haitan Si

L, Story has Aura

125, person aboard blng Was the s with ten- thapt i resu di...,,
saved ,y, .an...oean-going glish name or Seal.ower really lo it e b
tug as reported byth New Haitanwhat. was the destina- a toop ith 1 n
Y k Tiimes in its edition' tion of the passengers? who Windd as,

6f August, 15th has rodsd were th' passengers? Even if Cday.;Jien
isheatrioestt of the H.tii- they -were.maling the illegal run C pt.Jens F Eransi g;pb he
.an .public. -:.. from Nqrth :hiti to the Baha- *Eugen Fl Mora sad : t
S mas thi ally takes only to Selower, which had ee
The story printed by'.the New, ;das and tie Seaf'ower has ben 'out food and watersn
York daily'and commented tpon wthut ,od oI wat.rfor afive Thuosday, was: .towed i

b "Le; Matin"' and "Le Nou, days. when the ugpicked her up thew Town, '.ret *:Si
.velliste" leav-s a lot of cfues- on a'tall-f.rofn. the.Navy .off the island in.The Bhana^',Ut~*
Tiors uhanswered and has. caus- Windward islnd.- miles north east of .a
.*. i, '-. '*,r -r -- -- ': 4e t.,.'b. The Eugene ,Morwiwas'
She rang ese ed *a. a" mystery, to*:., n settle ran drihdge and .ato g fro'm A

.. iia Bahami Island e she
f "-the aHo.e.a.i ee at noon. lhe tug capten i
1.5 ,;rsobdS ,aboard 1g' h k tas.t'e 'sloba& ot the n- kat': esued .a-d ibdei46

iaved '.. tr 'n.. 'oe n g *oingr is ame or Se ower really 1the a I.

't.g .as reportedd bythe ew. -Haibai: lts-th. siha- a ith pos s
r^k, Times'..in-its oetin o:. the .,e, paJ.senger ? .,who O.n "w ..
.'Teaffy tos! ,"f'the ':teuy.jq:'?were'msbngp the ".fl.egal r^n ...... --f'VnB r

n,,sbloe..' e ". om Nrth "iti tot Baha- bEunDF MtrachWe i"?
.. .m s thi ..ually takes,- only wo Se'aower^ halled by. h heN ibEi.
.. The stow printed by .the:'Newd;idajs and Sea~fower as boen 'out" foa d anf e water .si
York dalby'and commented' pon without .ood. o wat.r'P fr fii.e ThurSdey, Was Ltowed irito. !I ,
:b ,' "le; Matin'; and "Le. ou ]days`Chen .ihe.e:'.fugipicI~d\'her up threw n own,h e' t. OP.'.

-the .rq I ',',- :."' "_;

.. ..... : ...e n "
'. i." .s-n "noe

VA .. ...... .. t ... ,. .ow yist 3}

ibii pe':e at tnoh, nanyun.4-:' R" a

D-j g'ii- 'S
'iii g: l i;6-.i :: I.W E...,

B-.. :

V. ..


i n T iti T h ie k ar-old son Dani landed here this week with a party include g "ChMrmante" Bella Mali
.;IT ; Maree Assmundson, a Swedish student in Brusselle, Ltgiumi, talented Russlan born Baller
o Naetw T i Wk from New York just complete
.,nmous Haitian guitarist Frantz Casseus from New York, CarJ
By AUBELIN JOLICOEUR a six week sojourn here as gu
Banner, a College student from New York and Carl Michael Som- teacher at the Katherine D
nier, a German student from the University of Hamburg. Tlhy are ham's School of Dance.
***Joy, source of light for the soul and of'
h* s o l ere as part of the. "Operation Coumbite Haiti" sponsoref'hy the
which the pure magic frees all others has Hait Ameran Foundation of which r Cntant i the excu Bella Malinka is a Profess
grown into happiness for lovely EIulala Steele Pr en T of ballet at the High School
in the Magic Haiti this week.e President They are staying at the Beau R ... Performing Art of New Yor
She was called down here -
Miss Eulala Steele is a social worker Lfom "*"The Ambassador of Israel and Mrs Mordekay Shneerson will Katherine to fill- momentari
New York traveling along'with charming Au- ^ ^ ^ tethers at this H;
'New York traveling along with charming Au- held a cocktail party at the El Rancho Monday August 27, 1962 the lack of teachers at this Hz
drey Taylor, also a social worker and Gloria during their visit to Port au Prince. Mr. Shneerson was in transit tian dance school with the d
Glapion, a teacher.- here yesterday en route t0 Dominican Republic. partureof Lois Rolins who
The party arrived here Tuesday for a five placed Lenwood Morri.
yt day visit and housed at the Grand Hotel Oloffson. The three charm- '"Dr. Robert.Terry, a pathologist Irom White Plains, New York Bella got very little satis!
crs were delighted Wednesday nigth with the celebrated Bacoulou nd wife Patricia, a teacher are current guests at the Olo'fon... tion fror her work here, b-
Ehow and later on Eulala whose birthday was August 17, was takou "'4hMr. John B. lome is in town in company with Mr. Donald she loves Haiti. "There was "
.-o Ti-Caille Erzuiie (Hotel Majestic) for a birthday drink in gay [. Bitter, a Barrister & Solicitor from Toronto, Canada. Mr. Lome work for me, so there was
Ijarty including such beautiful ladies as Peggy Magloire, Gei'a the Owner of the Caribe-Haiti... actionss" sid Bella ain
Trouilot Moore, artist Madeline Marcel, Jacqueline Elkon Fabiu3, ho arrived here last June wi
t. he Hostess, and Mrrss. James B. MacGuire, Willy Lamothe, Rey- *"*Restaurateur Thomas Kearney, owner of KEARNEY'S o' son Ivan Dall.
old Fabius. etc. :ew York City stopped here this week in company with his wire
'', oseminie. The Kearneys had a ver) enjoyable visit here, Ih.e.,'
S Thursday night she was given a very nice champagne party in said... HOMESICKNESS
'I otel taribe-Haiti run by Georges and Edwige Kenn. The Felix
uignard's orchestra, the Black Blouses brought fuel to the at- ***Miss Muriel Valville, daughter of Colonel Adrien Valville,
S mosphere of,joie de vivre that makes Haiti the paradise of the former Military Attache in Washington flew back to St. Joseph, ne s qu'ne er
1 2'aribbean. Minnesota to resume her studies after three filling this absence plenre sur ses greves
.. 1 studying at the Union School here. -Et qui brise son onde aux
Si Haitian ,songtress Madeleine Marcel. Jacky Harris, a Probatio rochers, de la nuit.
t-:ras :Tristan Dereme
:'ificer from New York, Audrey Taylor and Gloria Glapion, and Pharmacist Walter Manuso and wife Evelyn were gre?td Trstan Dereme
Antoine R. Herard, Director of the Haiti Governnent Tourist Bu- here this week by Cylotte Blaise. Walter is Lene Mancuso's elder Great-eyed black Ghisaiine I'z
-'au .in Chicago,, New York Realtor iJahes n B. MacGuire and law- brother. Walter and Evelyn are froni Silver-,Spring, Md. still heart-held by you!
i yer .Jacques Torchon and Ramon Garih-joined the orchestra in In my heaven grown dim
'; singing Happy Birthday to Eulala .Steel wi as then oh the '"Mr. Alex Dominique, First Secretary .nd Consul General of moo rise to view,
S ere of tears.-tears of joy. Haiti in Rio de Janeiro flew to his new post'this week. Alex had The grap Autumn is here lin
ps m" ing grief on my mind
-.. -- ..the same post in Mexico and Bogota before. night the worlds wo
MontagAnd tonight the worlds w
*Honorable Montagu Richmond :N.ioas, out and tarnished I find.
:' -'a jude in.the Civil Court of Londo.rian ***Dr. Stanford Gamm,, a psycho-analyst from Highland Park. And it's night in Paris fill
i" ere Monday in conipany with his. niare linnois and charming wife Ethel Anita arrived here this week with women, with song,
'i7'-Vorna., a well known author under the name ,-ith their three pretty daughters Michelle 18, a student in arts at A mauve night, night which Ni
%'kbi Mbarnh Ste~i. They were greeted r.:~ tre Dame slips along.
il.lMbrna Stewart. They were greeted by Dr.--. U"the University of Illinois, Annette 15, a High SchoOl student des- While m gri wander wild b
.Lagfontant -Jean,' a-Member 'of 'the Grand. :,' ined, to .follow her father's footsteps and Cecile 10. Michelle qad the river bank here.
'-Conseil -Tectique .and. former' Amb sador -nnette are two keen danfcei's Michelle held audience in rapturps The dusk brings your face bac
;of Haiti in Lioon. Dr. Jrean is' very appre-" -' the Habitation Leclec Friday night as -a twister, sister frail, but so dear.
itive of help he got from the Nicholas The Gamms are gst at the Oloffson. Amid din and confusion of
to fulfill 'ismision in England. ; Port-au-Prince
Wwaterrh r -;P.-~ .WoY r "- It -You searched my eyes once !u
S...'.io Stewart 'visited Haiti for the-o year "*Mss Esther Simmion,.a Travel Writer from Los Angeles flew slo k .u de province
C..,dii. b'A to.: m t a for a b ..4he -,& d ; w, .- car
'o -and isback f, gather material'for a b.ol ato .the pe.ri' doJw here this week.-. Dr. Siegaund Schargel from Brooklyn is Drenched bright with the moo,
.issaintLover visiting. '. hour when the salt scent
.' Of the Port is with kisses s
Erbi Fotiadi, a student in -architecture at the ,University. of Ihe R erend Richard N. Walkley is back here after our strangely se-h eet blentwhee yo
mnois.in Chicago andhs .wife Evelyne, a student in-l7guages at years. e isvising this time in com y with his yo and assures ay
;saiieIiversity soppdd here this week on their honeymoon lovely wife Patricia .dd "seduisante" sister in law, Miss Dixie 'Will they read this' verse ther-
ii rp.throughl the Caribbehn... -V ,;1 in the Wind, in the-day.
ri u ..he Caibbean.-... ys t,., IT-year-old student from Taft Tennessee. in the wind, in the day.
The verend'Ri M. Walkley is with the St. Thimothy's B.
t.V'Stunning blonde Robin Oakes,'a. persotel Manager from. ew. Misi in Alk. They e gsts at the '
6A episcopall Mission in Tanacross. Alaska. They are guests at the
jaik-S City made a stop here.this week. Robin, the suspicious *type, Oloson '
fic.fe.sed -that she had a delightful time:ii. the Mag Isl .. : ,- ---
,.. .. .. ... .. P a n s ; a e Real Estate Agency
,.- is "Ane Parsons; a social fantrropl mgtst froni. olton -~I ti *Youi ng Attopney Lawrence Rothberg and wife Judith.a teach- LOISEAU Co.
thre ee k visit hre. Aine.works.for McLean Hospital l os M.:r. are" visiting in company wih parents Sa Rothberg and w;fe
Sin.'She has been recomianded here by -Miss .ine .P erce who eqh. They are m rooklyn, N.Y.. Darryl hason, and Wife I Bourda.
..via ed Haiti not,long ago, and wwiUl .get married f.l. month.. 'Paula, a teacher from 'ewark, N.j are currently visiting... Ste Phone.,
Cable Awdrhafor LOICo
iIr. Erie Pavel, a lecturer of note from San Clemente, Califorla -i1en Greenwald of Stevens Tours of Miami Beach, Fla and his Oable ro
i-:. .his 'French i fe Malta are rrently visiting here. Erte is itf' are staying a week at the Caribe-Haiti. Renting o House, part
i.akuig a documentary film to illustrate his lectures about Haiti, ***Marshall Greenkpan, an Engineer from Devon, Conn. and nients, BungidoVWs; Cdmplng
: ,artinique, Trinidad and Curacao... wife Sheila, married on August 12 arrived here Saturday on a Houses for short r long
,"': .' Ihree 'day honeymoon,.. Claude Crevet, a commercial Manager .period,:'; ,: .
..Cariadian Financler Rene Lord is back iighn. He was joined or an electronic company in Paris and his wife Regine are guess -
i..,:i ,.. ...... .,'. ... v Sales informatoon'avaim abl:
i:c': -e by Mr. Alberto Diamanti, Executive of an Ithlo-Canadldn ..t the Sans Souci Hotel. for sugar cane, cotton;: truit,
j mpn. m Montreal .and Mi;, John Haardt, Representative of ***Jean Buob an Engineer from Guadeloupe and wife Roussel sisal, etc., plantation' and':
.:,.private, sypdicate for Investments. They are looking over thn nd 3-month-old daughter Sophie are on a short visit here. estates of various typls and
'" !- ih bllities of developing the hydro electric power and Installing '**Travel Agents Herb Rappaport and Rose Roberts, Owner of sizes and in improved and
t'hi.:'' new telephone system of the Country. They are -guests at Ihe 'ose Roberts Travel .Bureau of -Brooklyn, N.Y. are spending four unimproved condition.
l.l. .., Commercial business suchn
:' l .^la Crole ays here... Lawrence Breitkopf, a Salds Manager for a furniture bars, restaurants, dnm. hotel
business and wife Virginia Marilyn from Northbrook, Illinois land- bought and.i.spid"
-! '.+)olgee lMagloire Constant, Assistant Director of the IHalti Gov- ed here Saturday... Mrs. John H. Caldwell, from New Canaan, Joseph LOISEAU
Se Tmeint ,Tout Bureau of Newr York and his wife Muriel and Connecticut is visiting here. 1 Manager ;
..?t-. : .-.4, .- .-. : ; .



It is interesting to noTe that,
The Coffee Industry :et ee y e
de.)e easei of 'entry into" the
SCtrade,' the 'greatest coffee boom
in Haitian history has been few'
THE WAY THE MARKET WORKS seven million dollars. Major new firms enter the industry and
w o r k' in g capital requirements a number drop out. This dpes
(Part II) COMPETITION may add an additional $4.5 mil- not seem consistent with excep-
lion to this total on inventory tionally heavy earnings..
By Prof. WILLIAM BATES market structure does is to frea account at certain seasons of the Actually,, I have the impres-
The coffee industry In Haiti is government's hand for infinitely year and, normally perhaps an- sion that no fortunes have been
organized on a thoroughgoing more important tasks than reg- other $700,000 or so in advances made in Haitian coffee during
competitive b a si s. The 'word ulation. It is important to' under- to speculateurs. Thus, the total the decade of the fifties -in
"competitive" is used advisedly stand what goes into making up capital requirement for all firms fact in several years I am. ra,
and'has extremely important im- such a market and just how might not run more than 12-13 laibly informed that there have
plications. For Haitian coffee it economic power is kept decentra- million dollars, some of which, been substantial losses. Certain-
means tie following: lized. of course, is financed by season- ly such -was the case in the
1-Any change in world coffee al credits. 1958-59 season. A few exporters
prices -up or down- is In recent years over two doz- may have made some Ireal' mo-
..q u i c k I y passed along in en firms have been operating in This is not big money, but even ney, on occasion, thru lucky
higher 'or lower prices to the industry with the four larg- so it might prove a Aubstential speculations--.but this too works
the peasant. est consistently handling 55-60 bar to new firms entering the both' ways. Sales can be, and
2-Any change -up dr down- percent of exports and the next industry were it not for the fact are, made as far ahead as four
,in export duties is passed six another 25 percent. This is that there do .not seem to be to five months, with most of the
along in precisely the same a remarkably large number of great advantages to size. My im- crop still to be harvested. Or,
fashion, independent enterprises for such pression is that a small to me- on other occasions, iAventories
3-The margin received by ex- a small industry. Even so, the dium sized exporter can corn- may be held in expectation of
porters tends to be narrow fact that over half of' exports pete effectively with the larger more favourable prices. Itis al-
and probably gives them, at are in the hands of four compan- houses and that, in. fact, past leged that the amount of specu-
best, a return on'their in- ies, plus relative stability, year' 90,000 bags, or so, there are. nation has declined since the I
vestment and skills 'over a after year, in the names making substantial administrative and "good old days" before the War.
period of time no greater' up the list of ten largest expbrt- supervisory difficulties for a Current practice seems to be ,for
than the return they might ers, raises the question of poss- single firm-at least as the corn- most export, houses to speculate
receive in other lines of en- ible joint action, with agreement panies are organized today. with a more or less set part-of
terprise. as to price paid the peasant for their capital.
4-Prices to the peasants tend coffee. Contrary to a good deal Success and growth of a firm
to be,the same in -all sec- of i popular belief, careful study seems to depend upon building In general, the big variables
tions of Haiti when allow- does not substantiate any such up a network of personal con- making for profit or losi seem
ance Is made for transport- charge. There are attempts to tacts and financial ties back in to be the size of the crop and
ation differentials and, to a' reach at least temporary agree- the hinterland of the specula- the direction (and rapidity) of
lesser extent, quality differ- meant, or in almost every season teur; availability of a modest price movements-in that order
ens. -t-but the effect seems to be flo- amount of credit facilities or of importance. In years of very
v ating, arid agreement breaks 'up working capital; and detailed at- large crops competition, among
An industry can still have se- into strong competitive bidding tention to supervision to elirimn- exporters seems to be a good
rious. problems even if a freely for the cropalmost immediately. ate waste, minimize theft and deal less severe, anfi- margins
operating market successfully ac- There seem to be some very bad advances to speculateurs, per pound larger, than ;inA. ye.=s.
complished all four of the tasks good reasons why this is so. and to maintain quality of final of a shor.q;.' fliei.-'

listed above. Nonetheless, having
such a market structui'e repre-
sents a real asset. Government
policy makers should think long
and carefully before proposing
detailed regulation or attempts
to control price under such cir-
Essentially what a competitive

The coffee trade in Haiti is a
relatively easy industry to enter
--or in which to. expand opera-
tions. Capital requirements for
plant and equipment are fairly
modest- perhaps the total value
of exporter plant and equipment
would not amount to more than


Former member of. the Department of Medicine of
the "Mount Sinai Hospital" New York and of "Strong
Memorial Hospital" Rochester University N.Y.

(DIABETES, Nutrition, Obesity Liver,

L Stomach Intestine).
Clinic Pape, 87 Bois Verna
Phone: 5025 Residence: 232 LaWae. -





The only sweet LIQUEUR made in Scotland on,
the basis ot the finest pure old SCOTCH WHISKI.,
Indispensable for festivities and for every occa4
L. Preetzman-Aggerholm & Co.
000 OO#O#O *e^^oe oso

product. Finally, it seems to hani ia short crop may well
'take some speculative ability,..-.'

strong nerves and a dash of luck
in the marketing end of the bu-
siness. (In one case a large and
effective European marketing
outlet has been important.)

Long-standing personality fric-
tions and intense individualism
seems to characterize the expor-
ter group-perhaps reinforced by
differing national backgrounds.
Some are located In provincial
towns and have a natural anti-
pathy for the large Port au Prin-
ce exporters. Finally, the aggress
sive and successful efforts of one
of the big four to reestablish its
position in the industry has been
a major factor in the competit-
Ive picture throughout the pqst


Nge To Art Connoisseurs
ED T is open ALWAYS daly
from 9 am to 12:36 pm
from 2:30 'pm to 5:00 pm.

And Sundays by appointment.

Permnanent exhibition hang oh the gallery's Second atorey
and a current show hangs In the gallery's first floor.
Persons with an appreciation of art will be reward-
ed by visiting the Art Center.
FOUNDED IN 1944 Rue de la nRevoluonu

_______ ______ -**








,AG .i.

mean losses, irrespective of -p
ce movement. Rapidly risinlJ
prices, pa ticiilarlywhen accop.
panied by a large crop, as wa
the case in 1953-54, do s.eem:..
widen margins, with some.
in 'response of prices paiiFto f'
peasants. "

Changes it. thie price on
exporter contacts are almost
ways reflected, the sai e s rhn e
in changes At the peasant le-
-exceptions' are' predominant
at the end of.'the seasoiln xewhe:
the market is thin to nonexdstextY
It is'also-interesting 'to .note .t
clear-cut effect of a tax .icre
the tax .rovisoire, first efe
ive in the 1953-54 season. 'As etI
(Coninued on- pa-



ONLY $ o1.00- ,
Olidren -- ots "
.Private Dressing Rood-
White Hand Beach '


Austin-.Healey ".
(Economical Sports Car) In -
A&-O-d Gondition. New .yr'
."~ 4'J '.;.




PAl: 4' '' H A IT I SU N SUNDAYAUGUST 19, 1:61

pie seem to learn language language, particularly if they di
Freau s A n n u waf Rlra land( perhaps other things) in four things. ,
SAAA A nm waeowa ifl, and starts: One learns at
first a few phrases or grettings, 1-include phases you will
and since they get used over and use over and over, thus
(Continued from page 1) In addition to the sounds and things. Which is not to say this stead
to indicate meaning- can hard- 'words, every language has what is all there is to language! Butv er, they are leanoche s, practice
ly hear the difference in Creole we can call a grammar. What it will serve as a starter. .?Como esta Ud.?," "Adios"; 2-include new vocabulary,
at first. Yet to speak a language is meant here is that the words, French "Comment allez veus?", es p.e c i a lly pronouns,
passably well, one must learn built up. out of combinations of No one can begin to do very "Enchantee," and "Bon soir";, nouns and verbs (they
-its repertory ol sounds, pretty sounds, can bd strung together much with a new language till cand Creole "Kouman ou ye?", can hardly help include
exactly. There are never very in very particular ways and not he masters all of the sourtds, and and "Pa p mal" are examples. at least one of each-);
many such individual sounds in in others, if people are to un- at least a few of the words, asAt that point most of us hit a include erbhrases in
-4 any single tongue. In Creole, derstand what is meant. The la- well as the bare rudiments olf plateau -and it is the most dan- different tenses,--so one
S there are 33, soibe languages mous example is: "The dog bit grammar. Generally, one inclin- gerous plateau of all in new an learns moretha just the
get along on half that. the man" vesus "The man bit es to be very easy on one's self, geus plaea o all i e l erns re an e
the dog." One could go further punctuating one's nglsh ih guage learning. We like to kid present tense,.' and more
the dog." e could o further punctuating one English ith ourselves into thinking we are persons that the first
In addition to the sounds them- and note the difference between "bueno" and "si, or with speaking a foreign language at ("I");
:: selves, every language groups "The dog bit the'man" and "The "bien" and "oui", and feeling that point. It's like thinking that 4-require answers (thus for
-the sounds. together to form dog bites the man"; further yet, one's .making progress. But no a man who can say Hello," leaning purposes, it'
i' things which,' il order to keep and note the equivalence be- new language, -and this is "Goodbye," and "yes" and "ny" better to know howto say
This clear, can be called words.** tween "The dog bit' the man" something we in the United Sta- in English can speak English. "If it' is hot tomorrow,
S.Take any combination of letters and "The man was bitten by the tes didn't realize until World (One will meet people like that, what will you m.ke for
Swhlich form d word written in dog." Ip short, there are rules War II- no new language is re- and often theydon't realize they lunch?" than "It will pro-
A' this page and .say it out loud, for the way the sounds in wprds ally learned until we can say can't really speak English; if bably be, hot tomorrow.)
slowly. Naturally the written let- are chapgedin order to change what we want to say in it, and your control o a foreign langu-
ters stand for a combination of meaning; rules for the positions understand the. answers. That g y muh yo cn b n compo
sounds. No single one of these of the words in little bunches of means some pretty rough going, age s nt pea m freig angusuch Oncstatements, then worst. :is
'": sounds equals the whole word ini meaning (for instance, phrases, -no matter how quick and age, either. 'But it's so nice to oveC. -But getting that far. is .no
Meaningg. If you omit one of the clauses, and sentences); and bright one is, and no matter how relax. at that point and pretend snap, not even in Pig Latin.
: sounds, change it too much, or rules-to. regulate all of these hard one works. one is saying bre and more When one has thatI amount of
^:.change its order in the word, Yet, strangely, for all of the thiags-.each day- and stop learn- control, a new plateau usually
.. the word will either mean noth- ... difficulty, there is something p- .pe-ars One may study a'nd
.. ..ing right her). appears. ue ay study' ad
. l ring, oOr perhaps ,it will mean *bay any sound while pinheing culiarly easy about learning a practice jus as hard, but it may
something different. (Thus !boy', your nostrils together and you new langu This paradoxical The nex stage, the hardest, s seem as if things are standing
i 'bbsy,' 'phy', 'buy,' and so' oli, .-. we osozing it. .easiness s ingp from the fact are
'by;' py', 'buy,' and so olr we spring it. easiness sprg from the fact 'earning to express simple needs still. They .aren't .really. It i.
min, e that Ia .agesoare orgaized, do
i.Keep in mind, though, that it is .*7The linulat wold, take ex tlanagesare orgazed, do. n :language, and the.:best just that the mind is storing u.i
Sthe'sounds .that are being chan- .e tipan to the use of "word" have rules governing the varie- things to learh are the ones you' information for the niext'jump-
:..ged the way we write. signs hl ut. asain, t wi l do for ty and nupber o. sounds the will aed frequently: "Cecile, .the jump into ieal conversation,r
rs t esd sounds is different.present pur'poes, pvev if it is way these sbt are clustere .ee ta "We hae accompanied. bythe..beginii
theni2... to'.. .. ge t eap.'set the table"; "we .h'ae actompsaied. by:, the. beginnizi
from this sounds thensejves) .far .fol bhe eg, exac~ rprrect. to make wprds,., and the way hiy in the house of hough in henewagua
,na more. whisky in -the kouse .,or thought in the ne-w._apguage
Swords may be. angea to build ; !; "When will you be colinng Once genuine conv#atio, c
bhigger hi. o, 5c s of me an i g. bac k? and the like. These sim- begin, however, ..tught in'te
TROPICAL X:jf 6fa ltaTtnguage 1.- .th-g h t
.....ASANY. i o- i 6f' a language pe '-tatements can be powerful new- language .begih alnmds au-
m n ,-saehi1VwbifrdIKremote when ..
S may"seen If remote when additions. to one's control of a (Continued on paiB S-
one -is -beginning, If Is there. And
S. '. since it s, every 'single sound, .
word, or'rule that one learns is
.sjre' tp. makd ,the subsequent o h
S' easier at some point. In Spanish t. k e a .
when one leatm; a word like "na-' through the'sapphire. cr sta
tural," it is. no time at l be-otyor Movado "Fimarent" watch
fore one sees why one combines '
it with' 'obre" meaning9
"over").to make the equivalent
of English "supernatural." .And'
when one learns that words 'in
INS -. everyday idy i your tclen... .Usg 'Spamsh ending i'4'Ion" are fe-
minine and take' "la" it is never
;the "Gold Star Award" winner, the TROPIGASB r mg agaii necessary to wonde about |
No fer range anywhere oday. the gender' of such words.-theS
RiFF" T "BJN!'-.""iB --A single iale wa 'rule autpmatically teaches one;..:
for-_ ev coo the gender of scores of words '
OuntieSia e 0tg djsi nt for evie r one has not even learned yet. Of
111106&- from fast ,o", ,g or frying down to PAW. course all languages have. many
so-called iifegularities; these go
.. .,, back to .some historical facts
j U AcFit i lp 'OVEN'BURNER-- Mkes possibe.-)w concerning the language. tUual-
.p.f ept$ f' p a. ina .. r't. m.lar p. the ly they ar left over,, front, the
rules governing the' fangpage
oi:ape of the oven and. boiler. No hot center, 'no cold h mothered the' one leing
shape which mnothered the one iejng A
ornerlt. -- ,learned. Thus Latin is the. Iur-
.ce of most of the irregiilaities' The'MVovado sapphire crystal Ref '65M,
N POINT P TS -. Co. ool, eoonminptic Pi Poirit in French vei'bs, for instiqce. ,.leams wlth a rare.brilliance. ed 1'T atl ok".,
SPilots 'Are only one' tlitrd..the size of ordinary pilots But it is ,worth noting .that we is hardness supaas ed.: 'gpd lilurea dial
S-:'a flame so tiny it keeps range copl in-iay weather, and never question the, rregolaities only byhat fthe diamond r.
,ny. You will cherish' your
-3,:o- .. .. .. / -. in -our own language. Takp for Movado which offers'you a '
saves youmoney, too. Movdo whih ofers'youa
e y money, example the peculiar am-are-is- precision'thrice triumphant Reo. 141 .
are are-are sequence in our con- in three years (at the official miniature move-
'; .HUGE QVEN with visalite window. jugation of "to be"; we simply SWissi bservatry at i mft, gd 1 c
IJFT TOP BURNER and PULI-OUT BROILER for lean it, as children, and it NeuchAtel). ,.
.:' easier, more thorough cleaning. seems natural. Learning: such 6
irregularities 'in other languages
SECONOTROL BURNER makes every ustensils au- seems very,hard, of course. But
matic. 'with enough learning and :prac- I
'. i fetie guarantee of all burners.- tice, these new things become V A .
0lp"o many features to iist here. Yen must see it to "natural," too. And each and ; O V AO
.p e te it. Easy.terms too. eve .. ]gnguage fact 4qard
Fp-rem makes the remaining learning
That much easier.
RU PA-ZE onel but generally spealdng, peo- .D TLE UROP
-...; :;... *'. ; '., "" *.' ;,' .. : ; ,.... '. : .' ". c, -- --.. -.. % ., '-. ,,...-. .t.-a ,,,t. a. ^ .a. .- ,, o- '"! .
:..' k ; "", :- / ,' :?.:,,::. b ...' .', :-; ; ; :='. / :. .-: "- --: % .. : ',: ;: 2 = Y..
"- ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~:: ". :" ",:,- -,.. ",=:: ,L.., : .h ,- '' '.-.- "" .""* .. ..". -" .:-'.-,. ....:' ,' .: '"."3 "' ",..' t.,':':. A. .- ,. :,;.'..,.-;.,n :.:-. -. ., -.
._ -... ,. .. ... :.--,.. ..... ; ,.- : ,...,.,,s, ,. .. .. : ..,.- ... :...-. ., .... .. :. : .../...:..,- .- ,:., ,,,:, > z, ... ..,., ...... ..: .*


H A" T'I S U N ,t" -

H Ai 11i UN

Community Weekly Published Sunday' Morning.
Gerant-Besponsable MAUCLAIR LABISSfIER

We. were discussing World problems in the cool shade
i. the porch of one of the local soap-fqctoriep recently,
vhen our. interest was aroused by the unloading of
ome 50 6r 60 fifty-galion steel-drums from a truck.
'Inquiry indicated that it was soy-bean oil imported
y ocean-freight from the United'States for soap manu-
cture. Still further leisurely inquiry elucidated that
oconuts were in scarce supply for oil here in Haiti
s was also the case for cotton-seed oil. It impressed
Ss'anomaly that 'we in Haiti with a 12 months-grow-
g season, with 75 percent of 'our emplpy abfes without
-bs, needs must import our vegetable-oils from the
ontry of highest wage-scales and from an area. with
my the 3 summer months of the year' for a growing-

Soy-beans originated in .China' and for centuries have
een a staple fopd-orop 4f that country and Japan.
?et for all their eheap labor, 7 cents U.S. per day from
awn to sundown, the mechanized high-volume produc-
A on of the United States on its miles of level, Well wat-
v ed fields permits profitable export of soy-bean pro-
ucts from the States.
From this corner of the porch it looks as if we in
aiti. would probably do well ,to continue to import
tch oils, from wherever they may be obtained most
'eeply, channeling our considerable proportion of un-
nployed into other itelis of production which are dif-
nult to mechanize and are dependent on crops which
Squire continuous-producing' weather 12 month h s of
ch 3ear. Solving such a puzzle is probably more 'fun
'a acrostics. Certainly it will take longer.

We were informed yesterday, appreciable source of income for
at the Secretary of State of the rural populations of this de-
ri.culture, our friend Mr. An- partment, and would help their
e Theard, has formed a corn- progress in all spheres. We con-
ission to study the conditions gratulate Mr. Theard and his
irrounding the d e.n u d i n g of collaborators for the 'initiative of
ond des Negres, principally the "OPERATION COTTON"..
toting dowp of shade trees on ("Le Matin" August 14th, 1962)
ffee plantations. ,
The Minister has promised to NOTICE:
,nd to the Press a copy of the American Women's
port. It seems that the ques- Group- To Resume
on will be scientifically and
tionally taken care of and Meetings..
ome definitive solution will be The American Women's 'Asso-
comnmended by Drnmiens to citation of Haiti will resume its
event the factories from using monthly meetings after summer
s wood. .vacation. The -,first meeting of
It is not only-a question of the new year will be held oi'
cutting a stop to cutting down Wednesday. September 5 at 3
ees but to offer some facilities p.m. at the Petionville Club in
r fuel utilization. Bourdon. Members are urged to
Besides at Dimiens, they are attend, and new members to the
considering a project of planta- community are welcome. An in-
ion on a large scale, of 3 month teresting program will follow
cotton on the vast expanses ot the' business meeting in the
lateau Central and the subse- form of a talk by Dr. Paul Ber-
uent installation by the State, ry, Director of the American
f a textile factory, for a peas- Friends Service Committee. in
nt cooperative. Haiti.
To materialize this project, the
Minister of Agriculture and Na- NOTICE:
itl Resources. would have ob. gistration For All
hined a promise ot loan fromon For A
the Institut de Devcloppemeni Students
Agricole in the reim of several' August 23, 24 8 a.m.-12:30
hundred thousand dollars. a.m. UNION SCHOOL 4.
Sincerely, we wish success to For all students, old and new,
d this cotton project. It will be "an not yet registered.

,..".. : :',V "," I :,
Gerard de Catalogne, editor of
the weekly paper "Le Nouveau
Monde" is, on a trip to Europe,
via,New York, as Cultural De-
legue, for the Haitian Govern-
ment. During his absence the
paper' and the Hpstellerie du Roi
Christophe will be under the 'di-
rection of Mr. Yvon Hyppolite.
The goveinmetital Envoye is ac-
companied with his Lithuanian
-born wife, the former Marina
Platou. The couple will stay two
month' abroad .and will visit
France, Bejgium., Snjtzerland
and probably S',eden and Nor-
xx x
Me. Hubert D. Bright was, ar-
.rested Friday of last week and
transferred to a jail in Port au
Prince. Mr. Bright is one of the
lawyers of Maison Altieri & Cie.
report "Le' Nouveau Monde" and
"Le Nouvelliste."
x, xx
The procedure whichh opposes
the Altieri's firm andfthe heirs

CAP-HAITIEN apartment. S'e v e.ra employee
.. : are on leave until the Pote ColI
of the late Mrs. F.,M. Affieri, someday resume. its dpration
the former Alice Praderes-Le- Very ''. theax .families,
roy,. is now before the Appeal went infew a in thev f oil
Court of Cap-Haitien. The u- went vaton in the cotr
blic opinion is' following,.all the or the-mountains it a .s "o.
steps of this fa'mous-, judicial CaHaitn this year..
case defended ori both side by xxx X ..
prominent lawyers. It is rumored that a new grow
Of foreign capitalists are inte.
S x x x' esied in;the insthl'ation ofia bit

The fete de l'Assomption was sugar factory in Lionade a.
celebrated as usual in Cap Hai- But t s recised that the n
group have no connectio."wit
tien. At Oiuanaminthe, a city P have no cSnecioe : wNt
,near the Dominican border, the We .Csntrale Sucriere du-Nor%
festivities were'grandiose. Many We s stockhol'e' -e-.
Ouanamirithians living in, Port '''' .'
au Prince attended the "fete" ..
this year. The" Theodore, St-Vil
and Mompoint families were
met with pleaisure idn the North.

What is going on. at Grand- i
Pre's, demonstration farm of -
Pote Cole? Since' the organiza- --
ton is temporarily closed' down,
the activities are going .slowly, Agents
even in .the sheep breeding e-'.. JOSEPH" NADAL 4 Co.i






r ,.,,, .nd Co, are Reoa.sered Tradernail of Calemrolia o Tr acil
MAURICE BONNEFIL ."- Managei, Chancerelleq

!. .* .... / -' ..'*..=*-**^ _^ : L.; tt^

J ,

''H A ITI SUN ''

French And Creole

(Cbntinued, from page 4) back," oat even "Ahmunabee ri- One very useful practice '(a
tomatically. One is putting toge-: back" It is simple enough En- least it has' been for the-writer'
S other a reply, or'a new question, glish, certainly, but imagine how "is to sit down with a native
while listening to what another it sounds to a non-speaker of speaker of the language being
person is saying. It is this pro- 'our language! One of the things. learned, 'and write down what
cess that hones and polishes that makes it hard to under- one thinks one hears as the na-
one's command of the new lan-, stand, besidesrthe slurring- of tive speaker speaks slowly but
S. guage After this kind of -think- sounds, is the "melody" of It;' otherwise normally.* One then
. .ing has really taken hold, it is another is the difference in begins to attach particular writ-
a platter of personal judgrgent stress 'along various parts of it. ten signs to particular, sounds;
how much further one may go The melody -'-try saying the and the signs, grouped together
1 in the new tongue. Some of us phrases naturally; several times, to lurni written words, are a va-
'cannot rest till we can recite and listen to the melody-" pro- liable key to more learning. Na-
foreign poets perfectly: others bably looks rather like this:. tmrally, it's also very valuable
S' (stich as the writer) see langua- t' repeat what one hears. Stran-
ges purely as tools, and are as I'm gounna be right back gely, when one says a word cor-
ready to toss them aside as to rectly, one. can usually under-
S pick them up. The important The stresses are hard on "I'm," stand it' better thereafter when
" thing -and more of this later- "right," and "back,'.' lightest of it i 'said by someone else. Lots
:. is what, exactly, one wants to the three being on !'I'm." of people can speak a foreign
; 'know another lan g/f age for. (Though ina :phrase like this, language better thah they eah
Which language one learns, and we' normally day the "I'r" with comprehend it: 'many fewer are
,.l how well one should learn it, an. initial little grunt, which is those who can comprehend one
: depends heavily on the precise called glottalization, sort of to witlioit speaking it. (But one
answer to this question. get'the sentence off the' ground). has to leave out here such peo-
S' Such melodies and, stress pat- pie -i the sons of inrmigrants tq
Ij.'' Nothing has' been said. yet terns occur id all or nearly 'hl] the United States, who were al-
'.about the comprehension of a languages, and they are pattern- ways addressed jn a. foreign lan-
: new language. It's all very welled like. everything else. Learn- iage- ,by their parts, when
',; to talk about learning to speak, Ing.them.is hard.' Naturally, 'to th'eywere ghilden,. hut always
even to, speak' clearly enough'to speak new language without ansivdred 'in English-often they
|i .. be'uaderstood-but what if, one aby "accent", we need to be underltand.'the reigng, language
cannot understand other people? abpe to duplicate these. patterns,. perfectly, but cannot speak it at
U'::. Usually the complaints on .this too, but it is terribly hard to all)h ,
4,:" count are that people "speak do. The main reason for trying,
t ,'"'ioo fasf." No matter what the to lean them is not'so as 'to '
S... ... .. This raises another related
language,' some people speak it be able- to speak with them, but i r a 'r
'. 'aster, some less distinctly, thar. to understand better:wha.t we Poi. -hu, monie of us are
vYe, .brash kab6ut speaking .a
E. others.. But' if they can be un- 1:ear, Before we 'have .some ry t. brash. ab ui. ,speak n'g a
,: t s.'.:B ... t i- "= ",, foreign- tongue te riter, for
-'...ersldood by teir fellow .'speak- grasp. of te .intopational '("me- .f. .t., ite, fr
e~S -they'rg 'not'spedktig 'too lodic"), ad tress patterns, we ac e), 'ers very .
:' .e .. .' .... '* 'hey; P 'g'a' ''i"""g n, some' of us are very per-
as '' 'each' other. ,If' ode have trouble epar g out the Again, someof us are ve per-
fectionistic about learning a..or
.; thb. English sertenie "I series of sounds, which are grou-. .'ule
-.'aith going ti b'rigbht bab'," and ped ma t wods. wih are.groullb eign language, (unlike' the writ-
).Is" .'' -. : *'' **' ., .* '..e Wots oea rs are .m o lly 'in
"sy' it. orallyly" it is likely ed into larger Uilts, which make e while othersae smoaly in
o, io k Ime-giumiabee-ri- language. So what to be done co unicate, e dan'tve
.. CM- .",,. One an' .very
A :- ... well. change one's'personality t
.learn a-language. But this much
'is certain: one can't spqaki a
S' new ang:ae e'unless one begIN
des spieniaking. ,Remember tht- your
:,tt hoo'ts i nearly anywhere will ap.
-, 'N PRODUCiS plaud -your efforts-to learn their
S .. Available w sivel At d language. nd: if one didn'tt
,,- .. ... oat : make mistakes,. he would be
1 i. "I '.s -" '" '" be

bter of 'fact, there. Is a prfectly
: "' iGRO RIES .* m* ,' the 'ca.. or reaLe, tiV
S L Clas ceburg-Lettuce godd way 'to write Cr.olq that
.i.. a.,.. .N b ... y
S .. t, cco, A can be learned by am nor N ally
1i -A do, dligent pson In hessu than an
~. .'-ir. Moe will q aid -of this



A."T G4LdL. .. .a

S'lptures b;i PAINTIN" "" 1 tkko i

D PERi'E ouueNew A
I. M.',. New A

Qr.DU ERRIER L..Lazard
S"A.DilMANCHE, Ja abr.iel
ri ., .NJa. n

1 !I L 7 II I -I ...771

' TF, 6

:'',': -:

k ,c, p "s e Agenti IONIJ DLSIK-Y ,D
1. .
... ..

S: Who Lpve Ybi Pef
Ss'.h, Feh Rabes Vicclne.
'-Flea-Go-Powder & Liquid Soa:r
(fleas, ticks anud lice)
,. ,Other Veterinary Supplies .,
'. ;;'- ..; ,,.,:.,..::.,, ''.',.'.. *
SRue .Bon o

OE Niko


. ., TN




: % .v .. ." f '_ .: : .. '- ." ,' x -. "
.. .. : : = n .. : r = '- : ,% = j ,. : :, .. ., .. L : -



0 m pm-


1 _~

--very rcmnrkab'e indeed. T'1os2
of us whq believe that they' must
know ho'v to pe k flawlessly
before trying to ;speak are
t caught in a self-defeating trap.
t What if babies decided not to
try walking until they knew how
to walk perfectly? And while
none of us remembers our strug-
gles to learn to walk. we-know
how hard it is for toddlers, how
they struggle and take pratfalls,
how angry they get and how
they are loved for not giving up.
Again,' keep in mind that making
the correct sounds is one of the.
best -ways to learn to understand
them when others say them. It
is a mysterious process but it id
true. Here is- an example from
Spanish. The phrase most com-
monly used. fof "If you please"
is "Si me ,hace el favor." Spok-
en precisely, it, souds rather
like "See may ah-say el fah-
vore.'.'" But a Spanish -speaker
doesn't usually .sayi it' like that!
He says something like: "See-
may ah-sayl fah-vore." If one


F W A,

-^0' vfWA"



. k-



DAY AUGUST 19, 196-

v.'!i'cs to learn that phrase
both to say ,and to understand
one first Jearns it the "long'
way. Then one says it over an
over to one's, self, each, fe
times a little faster. until'
comes out smoothly and there
no stumbling. One asks Spanish
speaking friends to say it, too
first "long" and then in th
usual way. The sounds the friend,
makes are like a die, in vhic
the sounds one makes one's sel
can fit. As the fit gets mor
and more ,precise, the phrase
becomes "engraved on one's ton
gue." And theh, -never after, wi
the phrase be heard and not
derstood, even though each in
dividual Spanish speaker'
speech is slightly different, an
even though the particular
donations and stresses wil vI
some, for many reasons. Th
upshot of all this -if one ams
to speak..a new languageL
that there is no time like: now

(Continued on page 8
. ,


-.SLNDAY AUGUST 19, 1?63 6( I H

8; 00pm-Sea Hunt
S FROM AUGUST 20th TO 26th, 1962 Bs30p-Le barn:
:. 'm ciale
SMONDAY AUGUST 20th, 1962 ',I sented bh
'5:30pm-Musical Program (Mire -rele-Haiti) 9:05pm-Tele-Spori
S5:55pm-Evening General Program Schedule & Weather Report 9:30pm-Gun Smok
6:00pm-Let's Learn English 10:00pm-Close bof
6:40pm-Children's program
:7:00pm- SATURDAY A
I' 7:30pm-Children's program (2nd part) 5:30pm-Musical'
7:45pm-Telenetis (1st edition) Review of the day's events 6:00pm-Presentat
S8:00pm-The Ford Show, new series: FURIE 6:05pm-Let's Lea
S8:30pm-Alfred Hitchcock presents. 7:00pm-Children's
S9:00pm-Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of the late news, pre- 7:45pm-Telenews
.. sented by the Esso Reporter 8i00pm-OUR MIS
9:05prm-Powel Industrial Works' weekly program: "I Love Lucy' 8:30pm-Pan Ame
S9:30pm-TV Concert 9:OOpm--Telenews
i 10:00pm--Close of program National Anthem sented b;
S' t9:05pm-German
I TUESDAY AUGUST 21st, 1962 9:20pm-Tele-Sport
i 5:30pm-Musical Program -(Mire Tele-Haiti) 10:00pm-Close of
S5:55pm-Evening General Program Schedule
S6:00pm-Let's Learn English SUNDAY AUG
L 6:35pm-Children's Program 12:30pm-Musical r
6:40pm-Children Program 1:00prm-Program
St.OOpm--N6BBE & BONDEL presents: "My Three Sons". 1:05pm-'Widen' yo
7:30pm-.hildren's program; second edition 1:20pm-Children's
7:45pm-Vielenews (1st edition) Re0ew of the day's events, 1:30pm-Children's
8:00pm-America speaks to you 2:00pm-Tele-Jou
8:30pm-Teledenema i1st part) '. 3:00pm-a-USANA
9:UfpEn elehews (2nd edition) Summary of the late news, pre 3:30pm-Wagon T
sensed by the Esso Reporter. 4:30pm-Teleciner
9:05pm--Telecinema (Cont'd) 6:00pm-End of p
10:00pm--Close of program National Anthem '

fDiNESDA- AU'Gtdf 22nd, s1962
'' 30Opm-Musical Piogram (Mir.- *ele-aiti)
5: 55pm-Evening General Progranm Schedule
ii;00pm--Let's Learn English
. 635p6m--hildren's Program
6:40pm--Children's program: Cartoons
: .. 00pm--D.raget, with Jack Webb
7:30pm-Children's program: Cartoons
S7:45pm-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the

day's events

8:00pm-Les Dames du Corps Diplomatique Presentent
8:15pm-Actualites d'Israel
8:30pm-Boulangerie La Poste presents a new chapter of "Le
Comte de Monte Christo"
9:00pm-Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of the late news. pre-
sented by the Esso Reporter
S9:05pm-Heraux Tours Program "Le Livre des Voyages"
9:45pm-Germany Today (Documentary)
10:00pm-Close of program National Anthem

5:30pri-Musical Program (Mire Tele-Halti)
5:55pmi-Evening General Program Schedule
6:00pm-Let's Learn English
6:35pm-Children's Program
ff:40pm-Childreii's program
7:00pm-ICI INTERPOL (last week episode)
7:30pm-Children's program (2nd edition)
I 7:451m-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the day's events
S8:00pm-M. SQUAD presented by M & S Construotion
9:00pm-Tclenews (2nd edition) Summary of the late news, pre-.
sented by the Esso Reporter
9:05pm-Telecinema (Cbnt'd)
1. 1000pm-Close or program National Antiem
FRIDAY AUGUST 24th, 1962
. 5:30pm--liustcan Prngrnm (lripe Tele-Haitil
5:55pm-Evening General Program Schedule
S6:00pm-Let's Learn English
S6:35pm-Children's Program
!' 7?00pm-
-:. .jOpm--llturf Luta.tlne No. 2

I "


(1is edition) Review of the. day's events

er des Mohicans presented by .'Eaque Comrn
d Haiti"
(2nd edition) Summary.of the late news, pre-
y the Esso Reporter

program National Anthem

UGUST 25th, 1962 ,
Program *(Mire Tele-Haiti)
ion of Evening Program
rn English Review of the courses of the week
s Program Wells Fargo Tales and Cartoons.
(st edition) Review of the day's events
-rican World Airways Program: Ici Interpol
(2nd edition) Summary of the late news, pre-
y the Esso Reporter
Actualities with Gerard Jolibois

program'- National Anthem,

UST 26th, 1962
program-- Mire T'ele-Haiti
ur knowledge
s Program
s program.
Program National Anthem.

Beautiful Peiger Lake

for any and all who wish to partake of the beautiful
goodness of a peaceful vacation amidst the sur-
roundings of nature's own greenery.
-38 Miles From Port au Prince
WATER SKI ............ RELAXE
-or your reservation, call up In ODVA Radlo-Station at' ,
Corner Rue du Centre and des Cesars 68.


: .''

By The Sea-Sid&i
Havfe Your Part
* KYONAs y

Swim, Spearfish, Snld
Water-Ski AndN Sf4
In Safe Coastal Vtia
-From YuOA;:NA
7 : = :.. .!

Conints of Amerl an Rome.
KY0'N.A E A'^i'-^

Swim, S.ile
Water-Ski A'*:n it?:
Iu. SaTe C0aF^ M iwi

.. -' ::.


Conte -s o mer a'.n : e..

Antiques, Reproductlon,p Wr
of Art, Itallan. & Persian
tries, 18th Cleptuy A
Paintings, "The Cries .of%.'
on" In Mezzotint, EtBdin
Fanahs Artists, Old
Peint, Chnese [aoque.Kn$
Panel, 18th Centry Colbred
glish. Prints, Haitian Gbbnai
Day-Bed, Old Haltlail
Table, Flne Linens "Somegi';
used, Silverware, Electrical .
chen Applances, and Otheii
Household ,Items. :

4 Door Edsel AutomobHi'e B1
90 Miles-.
19 0 id
May be seen daily betiiw':.een V
'.d 6 Paz .' *.. .

Malson Greger, behind (.. "b
ese Embassy,. at Mmnea.:' -.*"1

-- .---.-,

,# 4:3::

Haiti's "Gingerbread Palace" and famed hostelery the Grand Hotel Oloffson, show place os

Haitian architecture, exquisite cuisine and contented living. Set amongst a myriad of tropical trees

and gardens the Oloffson, complete with mlnlature pool, is the haven for the ualnhibited.
b' "'* 1 ,





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1- -AIII ,.- 1.1 I I _' I -
I S : ,:, '. '1 .11 guage,,;., I "an e, XX -
It : : -, of other Ian I d ail,.61F &hi: and he wrote his Sp I aills
F ren ch A L"...'am z : flat holds-, for ,aii, mitive ,at .. h. When. ,more
1. _. '' I I I i4 I sp ee .
7 _. _0 _i 1.iti I -
As : Z: 6e anguage!j. it can be b5d-ced on. Before man a speec
0- le S m e : -, I h d 'h; lt'immortal, prose. :: s:-,7 needed zt-anq- they .a'
I I I I I I .1 -, 1. I I -
:, .: I I I I I I I .1 ; 11 I ., % I I 1 I I I I I I", 11 I 11 I ., I I I 11 a t
I ; baabk: to,, 6A' f I th '--,:to ,.
-:' I : I I ., 1. I 1. : _. iem W h
A -, lb 1. ,.., ''- 1 1, I I tha .
, I I I I 11 11 ., ., 11 1 ;. I -S n an. ti I hether he has,,, git I .. ad
Z" houl paze 6) 1 1 I I I '. ., .. ,, I .1. 1. a .o me er n., i open quescoons w I s more primitive: n they are I most likely

--:.- I I I
(Coutinned I ^ X 'Jrjr I gile'.. I I 1. p:,wi rp L -0 6 i 'I I 11 I I ere ,:, % I I Rve a;grea
iji i % ne.,.su ,gm
gin speaking. Tho O n .L AL an 11c *thM- I ql&hhM anAtor&-humn "Thtwe I althy h ter rowed from French,
.1 I 6 -
-longer I ,uaaAA V17 n 1, ,i
:, t;o be' I-~ .: c'alle& Wation Of. M .Sparllsh. and ,X
1, ., -, .-W 7 7 I I I I '. .. doEuropean'is Slav c", n, I other than icaRy,,:,van e In ,,the':
I e L 1. ffi.''. b 'd I J
.1 I ,,, ., e of ... I 09, a cqum .
I I I all and' ird ,)eech, tak s "the. form '144- Yet- more: Wealth : than V
, I I I I I I I I I 1, me waits, the less :.willing one I I r% I I I 11 I I I I I I I 11 I other 'Teutmi6," ,a, the im says this
I I I I 1.11 I I I I i I -
71, is to begin, because otie's know- I 1 I TWin4rice;". The Romance subm 1_' jag6s.--A11 peoples, ,known to po :6k,611 __ 1__ I : Italian and, Latin. Wei
idered se- I I 1 I- v 1, ".. I ,..
Now as lor CreJDle. It is re- dWects 'are not cons ,not to mention the unine'hitan- 1 .1 I~ I I .1, _. ,; I 1 .1
." of thp --- I .. I I 1. 1. .1 1. I I~ I dni_Iddessuch-languages as !ience,-,, ve language, No. .1all- e ,
gmup I ha .
ledge of the complexity .ferred ove and parate Ian ages). lt' fairly'ar hbles; sue .1, I : I
.h as lingertle",ibrassiore- Creo-16,11sDefinitely'-A Jai4nagi! fav6 Latin and, GreE
to in this paper er gu I ., I I I .. %1.
1. over ag I I 1. I I ': I -n( 7 S_ ,. I E I I i f, 7 Teuthnic roots, .0
_. language automatically outstrips ., I I I b O- ii iomansch, iage I p a ins Cataloni-ai As -any', o .1 primitive'!- I In'. sumi -th:en; Zreo e. -is ,a:, an
ain a7s a "language." But bitrary which :criteria one: uses. bahdeau a c otnise;,, me ,can I .,m re ', I I ,qca!
I I .1 I : I -_ iis' is, -a -iI ev-n

: -especially I ., n_ Ita ian' an 1 French. Hall I perpetrate. a
-, ame:With 'Ar7ny talk:. ria -," !, ; 'I a 4!- 4rkk I I -
one's speaking skill 't dialects'. Vienna do tile ', -11", ap :.any z ;.other, 7 ,All I pagq page. lt is, -_ ,
I I almost all Haitians say it is- not to separate ou I I I i b! to v I I ,_
I I I u ,su group ia eJhe_4nenw.ho speak them lolized Janguage. 'R--a I ,television," :at
-1 I I 'Mai- German, for. instance, -. can We cmnaissan b lie'ute- : .is, in .. ,a s. 157 .15 1 I I
ce; arrage;; I _! .. -_ .is' .bas-ed.--on ike "
I -
11 if, one is ,afraid to speak at all! I a language. They call it a I 1. I I I Ti6 -- 8 it communibato symb6lic-.a 'I __ qe. t Iatin -:
I 1. I ational Language I 11 1 c016 U .GalloRolnance...,. o"- 1. I I I -y r a ,, tedu d _v4rie y ,of .Frencb. ate.-Matiniof
I lect polyglot," a ,patois ,considered, a dialect of 'G n, nant Haiti's N I I 11 11 enfilade;,: bombatdrnent;, I I I
All of this up to here is just I a -, erma 1; bapp6ns 'is Haitian C. reole ". The ,Ith dch:'iother, I.Sp ken' e'. beh6v z
I 1 I _h u t e I I., .1 ,,,
"degenerate French," and every- Sicili .of It liaff.., Usela' I : c 1, I a- e and they 'usd first o es, when -or .4aratroop/': ,wh
an is a dialect a. ge, nacelle __-, I I 1,
11 I 11 '_ I
1 1 I 1 .1
.1 I Frencllllapguae % pan e ed- leir.,_Ja '' b I I ngu ate -the masters and slb.vps 6f..Saint "for troop if trans
guage; The ` on.' Utlsijia I I~- ,, age ,., o commumc, I I -
I background. We. have been a thing e I Ise, but .not a Ian speech of the Arnbric4h fourragere and .so' 1%, Jrac t ,
.- I I I I II
.- 1. : -, I I- I readily-back .to riguage, cal- L hat,-'wAhby ,perceive., .. I iingd t- ` .. I _1 I 1117 ..
_,'''''` '0''tEai-''aaitJ
long way from Haiti, and it is .. I the : ,,a la. ." It I I -
:t ,!iffi A ing Don e:e4trieio in o, protracted ally; I I
__ What is a. language? It is, a sys- south, could be 'consid6red, to be 0 agme .. United;.,Statos fed Latirr. L 'Ufi.:w'as a.," itten ,,, b e'*, d' 11 11 '. I _.
high time we returned. It was I ., -.,,a I I I .1 I in:any :Ian ago. It, aba _'continuotis'- .contact during ,,1^&k'D On

tem, of communication used by a. dialect of English, though us-4-i.fighting awar.withoutmits Friinch, '' -- 1. I 1 I I I- I I .911 .. : .1 _. I own -
pointed out thatHaiti had a- I __ .- I .. -, d language at: ,a Aime when',,the is quite ,,, II .of coutel t hat the 17th I and- 18t hcenturies,,`..rC;1.' ,, ,Js.'needed.,z
and a soci immunity of ally it is J:iroken down info, silb- vocabulary;, everything w o u P ., A look i
official language, French, 'I I I I I I go b4ly -
I ,- pep- -pie 61 ; France,- were not yet some Iangu I 6f i'
have- to to into M_' -a s don't have all many., ,,tho.stitetiirW aaidhiotixatioxi ofthdse
',I e. Ra- sneakers. It has a ollection of dialects': People :generally ,ad icted in mass-. I.. I .1 I ". 41 I .
_- national" language, Creol I :- Ill. xr6richmen- but"tribal .1 ups,: of the,,wordsthey nbed, to com- graminriatical, feat6rl gbut
sounds, patterns 'for, building being. snide when they -speak 61--ive satura on, (,t I Heaven _1 .. I I 11 I es oi 6re6le%6roole eve6illing

1. I 1-1 I I ", ..P I '_ I I I ate r6gims,': municate' 'ything. E os., originate lean, ge- We have seen fl
ther more must be said abo li-, imniauy s.ep d 'in ,the Wes Afn I
ar ever skim '01 '-f
j A113(Way ,. men I_- ., I -_,
11 I words*` out of I those limited dialects -_ ,..midwestem twand,. 'for Latin _' j '-the' "": :1 V-Tg I I
I en at 'war with each other,. would, -ha' e frouble,:: dis" I kek by tha, slaves'ls almost the exclus,
this. By "official language is I I I pith w dntl 6v ,b -, __ off, I ,: I I v. cussing, angaages.,. so I a ., I I I IN
_. u ca- and "BrookyrI are e m be:-,Ab1e't6Aepft ,,). I I I I I." ,. -If I
s enich is the ., ., I I I c eory. -, ;a : s ,
I I vle' .. 9 'They Were, conquered by a great atomi Ah' But Americam themselves.: It ise: interesting. p mall --goup C
meant imply that Fr I rm Of But. English' "d ". I
I 'is not prou It-hap- ., I I I z, 'Wiere; -
language of government, of edu- bulary On every count Creo'e to ;. From the point 'I 7 who has told us would have, just as much,: trou6m and -; thi t H ii u -11 are -J&)ates,
qualifie' m il t' k waffipum-and lobaccb')Roman gefieral s, oa, a .yo .-
_. .. ,- 1. I f 'the iim y de. .: that, itha., basic ib6iures 4 gram- Piench a Raiti
, cation, and of the press. It is ., 0 ( i .all. about.,his campaign there le discdssing very I much 1.
terms-,given above -to describe sense, too. What happed usually. and maize-'and- tomahawk a:ha .1 -, 1 I "I .: .1
-en by perhaps 15 percent I I I I in richdetail: One,, might argue grees of, hardn of sn in Cri I -Lnd, -,let aJ
qui 'no and I 11 Q s ow Which mar, ep e :are commonvto can unders
spok _dcaj I 1, I
: it, .such as "Polyglot", mean is that one dialecti sp91,en by a ,. 111 and avo-eado-, I I West African e real ,knows). ,
of the people of Haiti, though I'll I 4rid ., 11 LV -
.. I 11 6 w-ho' wem I I must IS6 able -,,7both ,Fronph
i;' -. ,-Ahof _tfi ,,ohe. the EsIdirI I to do ., -. --- I I
ffiing,But when applied t hrin .and ipecac -from" le pe-opi _, ,, ,.no- -on '.
tile figu I re may be higheP, and some -0 regional group, becomes..ens 1, -- ... '!'ci-_ scribe and w4ich:his, lang I '_ -' Is a
1. -__ ;day-to',4ecomeFrEinch-weke With features Fre I .
: flak and s I -.. _' ages,.
nd Creole they are NONSENSE, ed .as "proper". or- "pure" be- ,tuka, drid blit2krle'9 and ; I 11 I I uages. ; angu, --- -.sonie hch i -prizewa

11 I I I I I I 07. .. F. ,
I .. ihz6d' a eople "been Mr 0,me.or th6 th
more likely- is lower. It depe Is I 7 I vi. by ,the- RomarI Among : enable:: him to -do. When : p I t 0 ei.:.The ,bhshing
and simple., Yet it is well cause its speaker- take over the kindergarten and h aimi I I I __ I I --status' in Hait
(in where one wants to draw the pure I I I I ... I I ., I- ____ I othEii thlhks -and after, rather a' needs a ri W8iid; & woidis-1 'vocabul ,7 -of Creole is almost tians who, It
worthwhile examining this -n s4 ety s OCIasfilian" Span- frankfurter ftom. the GerInI I .. I I I 1. I ary I I I ave not b

on :thu 1, ,,, I I 1.11 -1 ey -learned orrowe, ,-or'inv6nted.: In En-
low- I A"bit ,of ti ;-t 11
of rural I rue & d 6ntiialy,'krench, long, argum6ht .,other previously,,. and
line. Is the French d and- plzA fresco' .92 ., I
I I i
-because unlike nice norI ish and "Back'Bay AmericarI ca enza and I i
er-class Canada French?:Nso, it sense, I IN -1 Er, ii(f ite. (though 4 _gnte '
.. I I -- ]low to rea an ,wn sh, '.'jeep'P.-was itLv d A -the c 6iii-,taiid,z.fot'th6.fir-it,'tiine abr
this kind serves certain The speakers -.of the::i"domlP_ ,from the 'It, ans, land so on I I (an -Jo ohtrary._h I ,
sense, 11 I I I 1, 'the Itomans mui liav64ondbred: tien %b6rrpweq'om I `
depends on whether one means I I I and .on and i ,- I '. ,a ni t1the d' .
I I co ic. -,terms- use in, vodit 4voodaot) speak French to 'beg
I -so-ruce ant" dialect use-theif speech, ha- .oil., ,So,. o course- -.".- '' Idle- ,,. drip),along 'Wiffi ,."i 1- I .11 .1 I 1. I 1. _1 It .
'speak", "comprehend", or ,both, not ,-purposes. I I I I Creole is.,a "I f; --- at times if they -ever cou ,arn .: gobn.' "'Sput- im : usually frorn African lang,:t ey ,can., When, Aca
1, I I 1, I I 11
bits to separate the, sheep from I po yg ot-a.J.urthei ,-', -I- ,. I .. I I 1, 11 I I
or something more. Surely.many 6 A dialect is a division of I I I a.,fa ,even ,though .1hey ,were:.'White .nlk".was'borrowed. Was English uages. 4any o '
ries whera th I n ,. I I 66 are known by. aid
unt -Ign, 0 ,cOursel,"_ at, itJs _- I I I I I ,
language, usually defined geo- the g0itts, in cc s f I I 11 I I -- spe ng Creole,Ahe
I -
more Haitian people understand I I I 11 _. ;_, _. -- ,.-":_: __ ,'! and often Wonder aKd,.btuer7eyod, more:, primitive, than Russian-at,'Africannameg. Many4hc ,W An overseas -Haiti
thari. speak French, and more graphically, and. I h I a s dominance. guage., -. : ,. 1- I ,,,. I I I I I I h6nic
.group ha ,- I 101, mans)- The languagei the, moffie I nf. we hirrowpd -it? We ,dl .- It as-- in car _, 4kn they" take': ioff Ah eir
-the differences sue I I -1 .. I ..I, than the Ro 's tare ovim-
)bjectively not I And 'T.atois"? ,- I -, I I _q ., r I ., ,s,,. I .1 1% 11 I
understand and, speak French between dialects can, be in their But dialetts- ate l( L 11 I -in .which', they became, ]iterate- Inv I _1W tEnglish.mames.- A14w.wor4s.-. sit -4own to-a:--dr1nk,!
.1 I ," e ,.added thousan& Words. kby, ,
I I '- _.t ato U 1, -, I .. I I I.~ .11 I I
s, in their vocabulary,, better 'than ach I?, I I I I li' 1, .p- is, in is, origin I Zi- ere ti
-of or. Sue -- -1, .,a 'was Latin;~ I French 'was not. a to' our Ian a espea'- ,am derived 'from -Ameri c an ., Th -'nothing itX
than can read and (or) write it. s o u n d I I I '' guage since Sh I b .somebody, 1-1 I I I I I I I., I ,.
I d & _", _. hd I I 1_ I I .1 1. '
or notion is ma e up Y _ImoaI 'I a.'jargon": ,or. ',c --.,, J en. ai 11 .:,W.a 'I i 'an, Words :.som _t-r6ole, 4fien --.you
.Even the question of literacy is sometimes in their grammar, I I .9!, ls I I 1. .wi tt I igtiagel. o :one r s. our anguagp. more pm di I e ,more from If
opi -axe: p& I I I N, I I I .. I
re g u- ts I I 1, I I I ,.
under- in II three. Normally, s bakers and then other pe e :- lect." IiI cent ill, I -, I .. I I
ll 18 ',knew how.-ta' ;write if. A lot: of .1 -1 ,,, : 1 .1 I .an open one -read and p I I.. I years, ,, 1.1.-. I _1 : _', 11 .- 1 .1 I -_1 French.' Btlt one
1. I I I I -':! ,.: ,, -_ "
I I I :1 ...
'4 I I I -
stersl of different dialects. of .the same suaded to believe. it., : .1 have been giving-, the word d (and JJail t I I I I I '. I stand what?- ,political po .1 I ", -100 ). tatin, was: wri 7 1: I onli, Llieple., !_ Croub
I I I I I I I I I .. I I 1. I : I 11; _
Creole No, Dialect! I .1 special fechnca.l meaning I ibat. I 1. I _- I I 11 ,,- 1. I I ,
the local newspaper? Voltaire? lang0age, can understand each I ,. .. I I 1. I I 1. ._ I 'tembefore anyone x6ally.,attenI ,, I : I I I I I I I- ilibiectied- --Jo constaii
not a dia- 'concern us er I e. I I I .. I .1 __: .1.11 I .1 -
. l hich is h Anyway, Creole 4s really doesn't I Ill I 11 I I I ,_In _Lny case, Creole, and not other (w ow come such I I I 1, -ed t6- Write $binething that could. I I ., ..
th e I l-, I I.- .1 ,:, I
1 .. 1, -: .1 I,,,- -, ', I
I --is of-interest athat. I., I : I W -all)
Fren the. language of all .1 I _. I lect. B4t it has dialeated divl- But -it PerhaI3 I I -'- _X ,,, T!" .:!" I 'L. =ed ai Jai
: I __,:t(. ..calleq -eh&. 7 beV ", ..
ch, is I ..", I ., I r 0
,; _. 1, I I _
1.1- _. I this 1, 4 ti
11 I I I ,. .; I -6b'w -I y the 11 means o--sp ..:, I JIM II 1 ; %,:_.V_ -,
I : I -
1. ,. Aame -for i w-, a c s .: --
the.popl of Haiii d th I I P-r
,. I an e Haiti- I- sions. Hdw- b V'rboVA4 r.- M '. it-, 'o. haveeen'. ; : 14 I I .- ___1 ._ I _:pic4

I I 1, -. ,, r ': ;, 1, ': I I I oint, Alle
*Again, Id's leading, ih4i f", C e with a- P6 ciakaccent ',- % 1, i 11 I I I- I I I I I I I
I I a, y on r fal "dogeney-ate- Latin" ,,:.,,,., z-;.,
6 neither under fail s not, 0 b v., ,,, tin mould object.. wor ) 11 -
an Wb I guists I I I I -- .-:" i I I I ,- : I aw, cloudily. Mall3
1 7i-. ,- '. -,- I 11 ,- 7 7 % VE '
_,l I 'I'll : I I ,
zir ly, -in, its, original, -usage, ,. ,J. ,,. I .: .1 -_ 1 : __ 1 18 I I 1 ,_
1, &peaks Creole is a very rare But it does not matter %much for ole ,languages, says, there pa` -, T I i I I I -1 -1 I .ti -;&. "', .1 I 1. I .low I eve, I tha is eto be, I I I -_ :_ ': I % I I -1 I Ed ans gr I
1. I I I I I I I I 1. I- I 1, -
I I I I : I three, corresponding,.roughly _t tois" Was a word well FJk d b may 6- lfil : ,U6 fter&
bird indeed. I I I oar. purposes. -:. I Iz I I I e it 5one will -
I y, I I 11 I I I., I I I ; I -_ education: inkalt'i'sho
I _. I _1 I sw, U::,: -_ I
I .. I I ., .1 11- ; I- 11 1. 11.1 I 11 I I
.the D6artments of the, Repu city, folk-the t ,:, -- I 11
11 11 b- sophisticated hicks --If -44 e e I !. 1 I .: .1 ,-, ,,, in Pren ch.. the 'base
I- _. I .: no, gran -16 14 4a4 thb-nam -, i- I I a_ I I I : I ''
tii 'i %- 11 : I ., ,- I __ I ___. : I I
Vest fnc t 11 1, 1_ --
I I I le: S uth; N _iuding the spoke I pa ots. The- difference I I I
. ,, I I I I 11 I I : -_ 'o : I of "lahguage' un J p(= esses: k I t_ arguip is sound,
I I~ _L J ,,:,gQ pnt
'. "' ; : I I 'NkUE, &Kl
-Prince,, an _' -_ I I I I I
I I : speech of -Port aii .. I Id was as between. country a'tldcii I [li ID ,
I I I I : I i qq ,a position i I : i- a. lit&a ur E. -, s h -- 'I' I 4. I I I
. I I I '_ _l .. vvk ". ". I poin of. view `They
I 1 I 1 1 I .

I I I I I I 1, linguistical !, bov;, : _-, ". I __ .- I It. .1 Center. rather an ee, h-- Il'y- ,JhJ6ible i ,,, -, ,,- t labil 1. 11 Jf Hoti were to b6lo
North, Northwest: and tfi i as., bietw n upIier- w He : i 4 1. I I ., _
_.- 11 I .: I -11 I I I 1:
'' : I I I -
class and Ift e I r:..c ass'l- ot (what were rig.;be- I I., I I -dn., he,..a._ I _1 li -Wbiild b'
WATCHES OF GREAT DISTINCTION- I The differences between these, I I' or d rii !,Iopie':spaki '' 1 ., : 11 616 J 1]
_-, I I I I ( Vo- nant, I r : egion and 1 stiboi I cft ate ,. : I ,. I "'. I I t '911110F ': 7_ 1-t.
l % .11 i : dialects are partly .lexical I __1 1% ,i: ,ior'o--the.-invention of writin ?, '' I 11 I c I .- ;: ,., : .1 -.
I I : G)I X I I I ., I I 11 11 I .1 _'_ I I I. Ift 1, '. I : : I I 9 I I Out- off"frorfi-the oute
:1 TO GIVE AND W EAR WITH PRIDE cabulary); ,par.tly, ,phonological -on. Is:,_,ci speoch, ','bet1I -IlLela -1 I I 1 I I 11%'1.....i_1r-1,-4 "', -1., I ,, I I I- 11 .- I I I I
I I :, -. s at st t I ': :., .. 1 .i;=::; :_1: -1 1. 91
I Ity 1. I e be acknowledge ; -, i. I I 11 fdt, ii :Haitians "WE
.. -N o .sue es I -_ .1 11 I w _: : I I 1, 1. 1. I 1
than clou'lltry, speech. I I 0 : :,:, :`_" .,
E II (sounds). h different i bifte w o-uld. -a 0 .1 I I .. I ._. ; & I- ----:, -.1 I -_Creole, the 0
1. .. .ed._Having a written language is _,J .. .
.1 U I onV, in
f in i I _: la I I I ,
-1 I -1 1_ I I.,. I I 1-1 .- i- I I .1 I -_
I :. I ,:! --.,- ,_ : U ,. .
.1 I vent Haitians o any. part have to have I witnessed[ a Brook- a- tremendous adv' ; '. i ,
I 1 _- ,, ;':, .1 I 1. __ .. '.
I pre I '. I ,. ., __.,_ I- 1 1-41, _. ,antage ,to a : I : I !ap ,.ISQI
,. I I 1. .. I -:- : 4 ` am g ,-ono
) untr .- farme : 1, I ", :11",,,: I I I I ', I -
ot the co v from underst.ana- 1; il-a Imssissipp! j I 1. I 1, I _. I I ; 11 I 4 oed
ynite an r peopfe Th communicate. i I I 1; 1. 1. _. ., -., --, oils n ,,
-, 1b ,,,, -... ., ,, -,. 7 ey ., .ca n I I I I '' 1, ._ik 1, I '- I 11 I ... ." I I __ sti
11 I .- ,-, _; I ,. I : ., I ., 7" ..
. I I I- I old i ifi;- I .11 I I I I I I .. ,_ t I 'w,_ I
. WX ing each other, I g a barracks. discussion 1- ,_,
-- .1 uch More With _V
_, .:: 11 ,Fnist, Jt 1 4ircessary
I I d I ,pach other. : I I % ,: _,,:_:, 2 I- I I ., -,
1 'd ,,,,,,, I I.." I __ : I ,.. "! .." _.' '1
.. 1 1. I e ".'. li ...- .. I '111 11 I.. 11 .1 :._ I. ., ,
I I I I I .7 'z. h record info ati n of --_ I -:., %:,.,,:--,- I I 1. I -, ,, !,
,. A, PolyglotO -tW Army,.to appreclaie.-th ,, e I I Z-, I I i eeome'literatb.,o
. I I I .1. I I -,' I I T ey ,Qan rm o I I : ::_ ,_
: ... I I I I I I I I 1- _- I I., I ; .a n s -
I 1 I I I I I 4
:- ,, I I .
-... a really I means cious nons&iso, this question "'can If 1. .11 11 I I I 0, -_ .
11 I :_ ;'..a isorts,,, rath& than havingto .1 1. I I I I _, ,,, : I I I 1 ,01' And rs'ecoll ,:f -,W]
.. I I "Ttio wor comes provoI "'.".11 -.- ; ., i '': 11: I I ; ". .:. -
I : very, d .1.1 commit- ii to me imiry (ot J '.. I 1. I ,ol -- 1
,, .. little., e I .11 .. __ 7:, '. __ _, I .; I.. list I '': ; 11 I I 0 _-_' ,Iifertde in V-l
I I I I __- ; '.. I.; I I ". ., ,7. A, 111!._., _., "
Gi-a- "'. a-.- .z I I I -- : I -1 I _..
:, .. from the Greek -words for "in What 'about calhn'g- Cre-ob I ,a f -, 6 Their h-i sl or y _: ; ., : 4 _r -, itu-
..: ,_ Ig, i 1,. I TOY or -mor ;6
I I 11 -i- ..,
1. I .. : 1 I _
1 1 I 4 1 ,.- ,',- .1

o A 1- I SUNDAYAUGUST 19, 193N.

CREOLE 'MOTHER TONGU4E ainm! ow did the waters know Frenc, rather than serving as that the one of the two he knows
inwhich of these manifold ways a siep toward Fre-ch learning. much better is not a language.
to write a nasalized "eh" O., The motive of this argument may
(eontthat was easy -they just wveni be laudable. But the argument Be that As it may, this discus-
stantly told that the one they pretty funny te. The frst at- back to the Frenich word from holds too little water. The way sion may suggest some of the
Th aw eies$empha mpt r e n t aehich the Creile word came, a language is written is d high- problems Haiti as with i an-
Thearumet er isemha-_cure made~ by I-aiian literate~
they roeand used its combination. of det- ly aribitrary master. We take guages. Now it is necessary to
Aia ot- o makeCel the in Frnh Naturally, they wrte,_
-nguge f Hiti Bu itmay reoe uingFrech spe l ei" s 1for the sound nasalfzed our lagaeas 'it, Is given to speak more practically. What
lagug of Hiti. But it ma Crol usin Frnc "seln"11 agu e
eh"! It will be see that the us, andTif -the written word for language should a newcomer
,,b worth reflecting what might for the sounds (the form of writ- -ob
construction of an orthography the sounds that make up the learn? There is not likely,,
a 1ur iuscoui if s guse t aw a.I~n a based on the French orginals is wod"imputgn" are written in a single: correct answer to that
selikely to be a little difficult for that foolish way, 'we lear them question. It- goes back to asking
em oa Creole-speaking child to learn- or fnk in spelling). When we why one is learning another lan-
per in their language, and be phy, it so happens, is that -it
ct o o tsi i etty ouy hoeticall Adm*ittedly, It Will be rather learn German, we may be taught guage at all. If one will be
(hat -is, city) influences they are much as is English. The same easier for a French-speaking it in Germanic script. And if wve working much of the time-with
w cuelyandhoelssl ct ettrsca beprnonce i df-child. But the aim is presum- are, we learn it. Surely, if we Haitian country people, the. lan-
:,-.no culyadhplsycut letters canQ be prooluncednd~ifl- J t
bfffro Im, -as well as being able ferent ways in English; in ably not to teach Creole -to Tearn Russian, we learn its al- g'uage to learn,. almost cirtain-
whie t an fr pch the, renh, orecohrrnl FrteF'nch-speakeres, butlito mak phabet first, and we learn the ly, is Creole. (ks long as one

F lowrte o nd oreac oher Fenh mr'ch onlyqth1-
Creoleoe not need a literature same sounds canbe written with Cremembers. to apologize to one's
win 1o1 itself the name of many different combinations .of stag yilc sis stand. Why Haitian socialeuasorpek
n~guage;. but all over the world-,, letters. How does one write. the aiylar rnh should it be different for Titan ing Creole and not, knowing
pople whose languages were sin o ht'cmiaino si apnteei o-kids, They can learn to read and rec)Ifoeis to. be work`-
-xever written before are owsndapoximately ,equivalent defly'ipeotorpyfrwrite Creole using ,the phone ic ing with documentary materials,
crating national spirit and liter-- to what, we, say when we syCroeardi anb lrndohogryphy vcxy swiftly; n ntect,'adwt rfs
tu-re' in, their ownt tongues. This "mare"? Well, in French' it de- qucl.I srfre oerirhas been effectively demonstrat-soa epe h agaet
nmd not happen in Haiti; but it pends on, whether you mean, to nafotoeThsororah dWhnicmetmeolerlanis French, and no."almost
s,'onceivable that -it could. if wbite "mayor," mother, or 'sbsdo h nentoa Frenich,' thywill 'learn, Fren cerahy bu i. htwa
itdid, what might happen to the, "sea." Such,, homonyms- litter hoecSstmItonitoforthography (Go hep-h9l one aims to -do is basic, and
Fech-speakers? French (and English).( They are 3sin inal ototemSwiss child write his Germani eaph person probably'.has to de-.
part of~the price a language pays just written Roman letters, such rcrtnd iscide for himself what he should
fi easzsum ed for sake of for- emerging from. its mother, 1s 1a1 (1oouie -ao an-rnhm inbto ore learn, There is 'one 'self-delu-
aguet'that the, idea of teach- all degenieratedike' Thus such a (rnuce o".Ol he has no one around to tell him (otne nyg 2
tiay.-hin Creole were ac-, sound as nasalizied "eh"-im Cre- tresgsaeue bv e
`1 edt The next question. is toh1 aswie s h fe re te sig-th aroe use a (doved
'11 how would. it be written? ein, or amn or, i, or ,or, "ay,) -the above 'A'' and "o"
pronouncede, `e'\, and, "fw");
and .,the circumrgek, which xwi-
salizesl the -10tter" it 'is placed POT P IOT HOo
the way. J ha understood. FASTEST SERVICED IN TOWN

ths% hAvenue M arie enanne 0p

oo "de tot ah peor plA,.6 e o
LIMIED e arae al Jree Cit de n.py Isina er Ger rd H AR
'S o ",u e t i-th 3i orthogr aph~igs)

VOUS OF BE ~ths e Wto t' win ton 95.P B 8


:;od be ction of the Craole. Theririna 6t G ii GkedT
pleaurnen isi prese thos itsiora Cfal cinsth p







S(Cdntinued from page 10) tiorns are more Gallic thn in
SBig Creole. If you have a maid
sion worth noting, though. That or. a houseboy, chances are they
is the idea that regardless of speak GMllicized\ Creole. They
one's job 'or purpose, the lang: will know what Big Creole. is;
uage to learn is French, because if the houseboy is a farm boy
is is arl "international language"'. and goes to Habitation Bdnnefois
Of course knowing French can in the third rural section of'St.
be very handy for that Paris Michel. de l'Attalaye to see his
teip we all intend to make some- Mom, he is going to speak Big.
day. No one's mind wears out Creole to her. But he has to keep
from learning a new lang- up a front here; and part of.the
uage any new I an gu ag e. front is speaking Gallicized Cre-'
S.In.,fadt it can be an exhilar- ole. He has, so to 'speak,
ating- experience, and learning "bought" .what the fancier folk
one's first "foreign language can have bpen telling him-Creole
*T, prove how' incredibly easy it is, isn't really a nmgiage., athe-
once it-.stops being hard. tically, ihe thinks-he can sound
S' rather more- French if he s.peaks.
r If it is to be French, then Gallicized 2Creole. But 'probably'
'*.reader, can stop here (it he has everyone, peasants 'included,, will
*.' borne the writer this far). There understand Gallicized- C reop.e.
'.are plenty o(. French books, re- The writer's objection to it;,if It
cordst passes, teachers, and n' be called that, is that it's.
Swhat .'ll. If it is to -be. Creole, 'closer to French, and hence may
V perhaps a bit more carn be said. interfere 'with Frenbh 'learning.
In addition'to.the dialects of Cre- (In spite' of which, 'it is likely
;ole (it. seems .certain. that- the that the -endless talk about Cre-
:.i Port au, Prince'dialect is spread- ole ruining. one's French isnmuch.
ing,. and replacing, the others), overdone.. The way many .out-
Creole seems to have: another landers speak French, it would
1 sort of division. The Haitian 'take more than learning Creole
-peasants and domestic workers to make it any' worse. Freich-
speak of gro kreol" and "kreol mnen frequently -don't., earn .Cre-
franchise ("Big Creole" and ole 'simply because ,they feel it
"Gallicized Creole"). The first is beneath them.' So far as ,. is
.ountry. speeCh, pure and simple. 'known, Italians don't ruin .their
The'second ds Creole wilh a lib- 'Italian when they learn Spanish;.
eral sprinkling of French. 'This b.ut, of course, they really know
may souid confusing, because Italian). All' of whith adds up
-Creole itself Is' largely French to deciding what kind of Creole';
to begin with. But 'in Gallicized if Creole it is' toi be. This is not
reole, many words 'are used really so tough. Any domestic'
which are not used to Big Cre- 1ill speak Big Creble if that is
ole. Even some of the construe- what .is wanted. They will even


REGISTRATION DAILY FROM 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.

Beginning September 1962

1.-Classical Ballet U


2.-Modern Ballet. *
3.-Tap Dance
4.-Haitian Folklore
School located on the Champ de Mars,.next to Bex Theater.
5.-Ballroom Dancing and special training in "Pas
de Deux", and Choreography,



'f4 ,~I i'1


Sp6cialement concu p
.aise pour une r
station, pour moins d
Super-Rib de Goodye
pneus tracteurs Good
entoilage 3T "Triple
sivitd de Goodye-r!




Lenotuveau.1action Surem-6rp
.' de Goodyear a t&spcialemr
Song pour vous donnmer tine
S: delongues batir pour vsr S
procuire la forte deo taci
S' ,euise par les' tract'dir
m.. deies. I1 mord en biai's.t-
, ;' grace' son proila
'11se itettbie attomatiqueme"Ot
Ainsiv ousobtenez une tactic
constant; 11 vou~isid te,
moins de temps,' moins de train
e l et mrnins de carburallj
Al'le le voir encore aujourd' h '
chez votre dealer Goodyear."',.

S',' x ."


our donner une conduit
neilleure faculty d'adap-
1'usure allez voir le.
ar, Et, tous les superbes
year sont construits i ';
Tempered", une exclu- '



Rue Pavee
.. :.. *c


ii i _

btedelighted bt. one's wanting to choicee is between. Creol: and can be.conveniently. frg6tt
learn it. Down deep, they know French, not'.between vArieties 'of when. learning. Creole ,'Cr
it is a laziguage, and their 6wn, either. have onl one form T
and they like it. The two major .. : has been told with equal asi
text; on Cr e'1 either give indf- One 'other minor side'issue., ance that he was able to i.l
nations of what is Big Creole, There' rages an endless.- argu- Creble because he- knewA
or deal with it nearly exclusive- ment about whether', prior know- French, and' that if. bb"h'i:4
ly. And when all is said' and ledge of French-is an advantage, known '-French, Tie would l..
done, it probably. doesn't matter or disadvantage in learning Cre- learned' Creole much faster; :1
that, much, anyway. The real ole. It is probably a foolish ar- different experts,i, of course:
g .' ment. Knowing French mqans '
S*Hall already, mentioned, and one has a very valuable' lexiddal 1 by '8iney W, B :....
McConnell and Susai, YOU CAN icord -vocabulary- for Creole, Port au Prince, Hail':.'
LEARN OREOLE. But: knowing. French verb forms 10 May 1959 '

m mm n [ m,..A "m7


.:::-~!-:.-:..; .i.;, :~-


\Off le'T llilD TH CECN01TE-1. r
Zmorg the pro ets undertaen applauded. The coordinator of
OF bILQT b the Mouvent of National MRN, Deputy Luckner Cambron-
~oilveinet4 of

Renoatio6n, the new market ne spoke .also to the population
Mr. Charles Antoine, technical place of Petit-Goave was inau- He underlined the results alrea-
-Looked like Al Burt, newly appointed chie a e n act On s feast dy a ved byathe aNio
~t-Ame~rican che fCommunity Ed.ucationI inau- da of te patron~ st : o that novat~ion Moeentan no-
in pthss circles was man toting camera around towd this week. grated, Thuisday, the Forma ithern City. ced that the projects for all the
-Quoting Jimmy Cannoin: avoid drunks who stand with their ton's-Center for the Community A umber oftgh official at-' Departments of the Country will
D hi development ofMilot. tended the bewelfare and'
backs tothe ba r... girls w6 wear hig h he els with bath in g suits t t e
seldom get wet... most all men develop bounyt a po Ho eas pines od Pt 'aiet-an
yeu whc wa trnsere '~ b Mr,~i~ Gere J.Fg ne mas8ses
there, Jimmy. -The Cruise'ship business is buildiigigu the Milot wyith nw facilities which Secretary of State d lIfornutiun
SSFrance is dlue with 1000 on M ar ch 9th, and the Q~ueen Frrederic will assure a more scientific op- spoke fin the niame of the (Gov-
eration. ter nxen Deleegation an his
Will 6e in port on the 7thi. -A group of Thirteen United Nations at
ho ad itdteita ll laclass of 30 students selected speech is considered as an intel,
pweek. from all over the country will ligent call to all the Haitians
*--,Tony Shindler is b isy holding the fort (and a few hands) while study tthe Center. The technic- to join the fruitfuland national
the rest of the family is in the Statesovatin an you al. materiel, the, local, the ad- efforts o -President FrancosG A S E
st on vIacation. -M GLA "aSTX P
can't miss, those vivid 'red collection boxes in the groceries to, BATTERtiv Iesne ESeer-Dvle. e eale h o
the Colgate' Lottery. Hit you right in the' eye --Some people fin CEP alsoe b u th 'POT:CL.Teenetlplc opoo A T R E
safetV in number- I only find headaches. Now that I'vre reduced Tetask of qthe. ONE eeconsss prvnes andnotvilnza o n the]
R,?i~.\ ,rB.FiGoodrieh"

-p-, menagerie by one dog and ,two pigeons, I Just fell' heir' to of organizing the. administration Capital, as was debyf rme ~ o slf
another cat. She makes a Dice ,combination with try fold Ti Noir and the operation of the Ceniter governments.
tho'---she's snow white. Her name,is FAB; -Irwin Robinson's (Tra_ and guiding the program of the Minister Figaro was loudly
vel Weekly) son Jeff was a graduate M.D. fr'omi Tufts, Universityfimto f h tdns
ths ume.Nolss personage than Fulton Lewis, Jr. and The -curriculum includes ten L orD p tet
his wife visited Haiti on the Grace Line last Sunday,". BUT Mli% months, of which 5 Months re- Meets Hotelne~n
Lewis,, wh~o wanted to take a walk, around, townl, had to give up in, served to theorical studies; four
dis2b1st aniO. take a, taxi bac io' the ship after ploughing, through motsfrpatclsuisad I re orinforce, We .ne-
baggiars. for two short blocks. It's i Pity, ad nobody does any-o
~ D'a.I .

thing about it,.!In.New, York this week complaints against tourist hsshoeovesad eie lye,
the Department of Labor rran-
guides have. cited some a& illiteratet" and "despicable", referring ged a meeting of all the ,groups.
to the UN Genenal Assembl aste "gas-h~ouse"' and touting cer-Teruno wa'9-sddoe
The reunion S' ided over,
,gg st Fe ch by r. Max Atoine,, nder Se

2tdin hotel and restaurants. BUTDeiartm2en of Licenses inspect-
9 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Y have benrdnCor ueao opl fmnhfndgitfg g At P~ort cretary of State of Labor. it %as
j ~ .ishv enrdn orbssfo opeo ~ih n ul question -of' the, security o h
:guides ar~e facing suspensi on or ;revocation of their, licenses, and, mlye n h.rpriino
.* ~~~Our, colleague: "Le Matin" ins emlye .n 3h prtto
heads. of agencies are being called up (in the carpet. Nothn tk ome thtt oiig alhosofwko etml, vaca-I. 7
formed th ting pal-~I

4t little action to cleani things -up. -Sevenlteen, men died makingac'oCi G ereTrsa tion and tips. j
the tunnel which connects Ital- and Ftarice through TyIcpt Blanq, ianiq e the c'ruiseship 9 ance" osdrngteiprtneo
~si'rl~1P, nco du-s I

giant of the Alps. They even had-to air condition the tunnel to bring' will call at Port du Jrc visathed m to-- anoleether'm ting .i en- IE
e, e terriperature down from well over 100, degrees F.' while the, rng'ten. x biie ors' ea- fiore. re igm a fnal decsion
'e-workers, blasted. More that, 3100,000 vehicles are exetdt'seyo-- --- ----- 0 A
(Qe& tunnel each. ygar, doing in an hour what wvas once a formidable, The "Firance" aa comS
. joi,-Icrney. -This I gotta try: read in, the Timbs. the other day about aje. asr .ta 120p ng6r Cu.i Rbplce
.a lady who, fries marbles and: makes, jewelry.. out -of them. She -:nd it ii oWit nDcm-ifiants At MA EW T .S IL
-heats then in a frying pan and then drops them into,ice water., U.S 30hE92 Mrh9hanhR O ERP EEVN
Mr. d Mrs.: Philip ilam
.~~~~~~~~ 192wsmd osbltak .. ilas $ M T

eweded! -Believe, it or not there' is an,"l 'bl ar in Cape where' onJ.',3 Vital,, Agents' of file efidied-7r Ehid a itali years in
hiere is a .I ask-Pot, wh Iich takes ,Haitian:10-cent coins! I Sho :-dbe Tiarnsatla'ntic Company. ir: Port Hat udyadsie oeto GOODT.OR YOURZ MOTOR-
VMen Ye 6id:Jacke' P te he big yaty-offIs 3gourdes., --E.O.. au Prince. the United States aboard the >SS 000OO FOR! YOUR CAR
see. Sarge Dan. Savoy off for good., WOnder W6owl 't B A LEU O F -I ~ a GOOD ECONOMVY
thit. culte ap6aiment next? I read a, piece about womn:a drivers the. r:m.o pn~aln
TO EC AD R tour heie'eas U.S. Counselot and'
te dywhich- stafbid they caused accidents by being mui 0oo re SEEe YOU DISTRIBUTOR.
titsand driving too slowly in moving traffic. I sawa classic Raymnond Balerpre is refirin from Diplratic ser- E.YU ITLBTR
e pe o it Sturay oringLipns No 405.Ohlad efor *"Haitt-Journar', flew ta vice and entering private' busi-
examp e of -Oh, lady be CLALL~~i

I fine one't6 -talk, but: I Was; behind th~e car behind ,her. ,Q oLI osUR S.A.esaw Ioia ~ ~
had~~~~~~ ~~~ e ermse na aybokadte I; in a Semnin r of Newspaem plomatic' service and 8 e rv e, JUdECIE
ais t raired, him. -I -hear litl Brie wa the oaln i h organized under te Au iches Of many yasi ai mrcn IH
pea ldib mtc to Grar'sadantgednt6 recert't trip., UNESCO., Many friends an o- His is replaced by Mr. Edward TrsadT PRINCEri
he'ila dv-ad o out aou i-ad b s y~v hite leagues acco -mpane him to the Curtis,. a career officer h r PO4 T U.PRNC
often, Ta."yes gai! Talk about a,'dog's life'... I'll take.a att 'thes PIERRE SANSARICQ -3 J@>
an dy.Mikslepad la; n vryu-vicious circle. What's Direction of International Irsi-shigon D.C. .He was accompa- GERARD DbELAQUIIS'-- Jeeminl
bad about that... with a nice substitute for the milk? iv tutions 'at the Foreign. Af Ir iehere by his wife and her NBB8 AEpSitMi
Deatent. youngest, daughtr 'BOUCARD & CO. Jaemel;



ANCING $1 ,H MUI inn OF' Eg U Sisal
li U
DANCNG T TI~nuse O THEaxe dA- S s, o
.12P At



SUN' ':

---creasing production, not of split
The C ffe Indtr .'ting the- meagre 'pie'a cent or
e. 0 t y itwb more a pound in favor of
S the peasant or tax rpvefiues at
(Continued from page 3) good 6drm in whiEh to hold short- for internal transportation, t ththe expense of .middleman. The.
term savings.. '. specalateurs and the exporters, industry is competitive and, if it
r"ly as August 1953, the increase. 'Very' roughly, in 'the average can be kept so, goiverhmdnt is
'"was reflected in/,a widening of inily, wprd ;of 2t rice differ- 'year of the 1950's, with the total relieved of the dangerous, ted-
s^the difference between 'the ex- ences 'spreads rapidly in the take at $30 million---the peas- ious task of detaldl. r'gulatioh
poet price and that paid .to the mountains, despite the primitive ants' share ran around $18 mil- with all the menace' of red-tape,
peasant state of communication fjtilifies, lioh; that '.'of the. State $7.5 mil-'. paralysis,. corruption and bloated
and the peasants react, quickly lion; and the middlemen $4.5 administration which such regul-
In order to complete this brief to .differences, and changes in, million. .The normal speculateur. ation so often entails. .Keeping
survey of the way the coffee sale conditions. 'o introduce, a. spread may have been around credit channels open to small ex-
market, functions and how It li- light note-I will have difficulty two dollars a hundred. livres, and porters and constantly alerting
i mits economic. power within the forgetting the sight of a peasant that of the truckers another dol- the peasants to alternative sales
industry, something more needs *oman marching away from a lar. The residual of $2.9 million iossibilitie-,.is probably enough
to be said about the speculateurs coffee washing plant with a few on which" the exporters operated to assure .,continued, :h e al th'y
anhd about the peasants-particu- bidons of cherries because she amounted to something like $5.50 competition.. *
larly v:a 0to .the power the latter was obliged to stahd in line Ion- 'a hundred' livres.. To stress the ..
have ir tj_ marketing structure. ger than seemed appropriate. obvioiis-this was not profits, but The Haitian coffee marketing
The number of speculatei'rs is The incident was climaxed, when total exporter' spread. Somewhat sy s.t em functions remarkably
:more- than adequate to assumee an,important official of a leading niore than a dollar per 100 lives
competition, even to the system coffee export house dashed after went to labor cost alone.
of advances ;results in most of her to keep those bidons..from This is not the popular picture Under the personable m
;'them lielng tied to a particular walking off to' a competftoi a of the. division of the 'spoils". MARYSE BE l'AU, the
' ei '-bouse. Just hdw reliable- few miles down the narrow, sog- Again to stress the obvious-the iyith its soothing atniosphi
a 4ii, hiding. those ,ties are :is gy road. problem is fundamentally, -low is an oasis of sorts, espe
o l'ip'9pestion. Exporters co-. .'productivity, not exploit a.tio n. their wives who wish to h
pl :i, btrl 6it"speculateurs The! Thopeasant' 60 picent, 'or, so,.
w .-c .pt The question ,o,.the diVision of '. pea. a T M-pesn o ', full
.'.p advaes; but coffee during the' coffee boom of-the .
the takea urom coffee is a mat-
frot ite peasants; .shop around h ra" sin ..fs in Ha- 1950's represented pitifully low fla variety at $1.50is;no
.fo. ft:.highet expo.rr price Some of pedalit
afnwteh.ig-h z .. e pi ctr results, firs frm theliving. The average coffee: rais- Some of specialities Of
aran ae their sale;,' finallye e al ferment'of the ink household was receiving per- particular,- ave been' han
reJ toe-''tie 'w histhemsade times -and, 'more spefically, haps $125 annual income from, and have no competitors.
th, t t e d nm cutent political iristabi- th, crop. Lest even this figure. oeveis-eG homard flambe,
that -there. stply.wan:ot, e .. co give ,a false impression. of wel]-
aall ", ty, as wellu as more or les com- mpssm le dinde, tst-s@ d filet, g
=avblee.. ing, it should be held tain mind k poivre etc.
,plete frustration of reformers that' the average ides.inequael-.
L.t is often alleged that ex- rhen .fa ed with the basidpro- tes. ve n rural e u there
ploitaion of the peasants results dutivity. Recent-government at- are substantial differences in de- -
iom tleir r edit relationship ts to regulate price paid to e of poverty-with, at theto, .
with the .speculiteurs. The story th wer, have been a fiasco, go paysans" hiring laidless ODETTE
is ages old-crops beng.sold e- resulting o in tion and bit- laborand small absentees work- p
foe are tere between gove rnment ng the an on sha es. AlsoUPE:DE D
tortdnist hidden.interest extraet- erad eT0h
the 'one harod. ari speculateurs .. .tscf
ed. ed. t bhow general .such prac- .and exorters op the.other. And out of the-total must come in- Every Wedn
Stices e -is not known. That this the. th is, peodically lo terest charges on ever-present E r -
&4ee.is nethen pernodically, loose measain debt.. i'tUHtTNC
: represents one of .the weakest talk of establishing a,.government GROU.P O E
links, in the marketing structure purchasing, monopoly or giving ,
I have rio'doubt. (The-credit bit- -monopoly rights If a single ex- -Still; the conclusion stand. Ef-
Streis a confusing oe. Compe porter. fective government pollicI 'must BACOULOU CAB4
-ition is so severe among the *be based' on a realization that (free VMeri'guLes
speculateurs that loans are often Putting across the paint .that the real problem 'i' one of in- PETIONVJIJ
made interest-fre'e to tie the pea- the record of the industry on
sant to particular speculateur). the inconie distribution ,core is

* 1
* :~ kArt ii

wvll in pazain along changei&4t
world prit'en -eualizing, priq:
throughout the e.ountry- "and inh
ninizing exploitation. The n.e'dI
quce ton is... supply resse
and the problem of 'ass
steady groWth..d'andeielopmni.
Also, there is the- related'pr:-
blem of the heavy burden 'of-din-
ect taxation. .

Ten 'mindues trop Port. e.q
Prince. ', .." :
Large partially -fniipheld louse,
Spanish Style .
'4 bed-rooms 8 bath-room .-
3 Car Garage -3 .serce roofa
Swimming pool Iagitla
Garden Or .rd'
Contact Inastfit Ftanopla (ren
Institute). .i, :

-anagement 6 MA3t and 0
airconditiozed restsn
ere -quite stereo mu
iaily for businessmen and
nch in tihe City. '
course lunch with da to
w an established favorite
the "maispn",iHaitian in I
ded down for generations
They .are "ILambi gratin,
poulet a la Russe,. tfsot
riot, escalope an grujere,

ents ',. .. :
isday Night


sons at 9:30 .p.m.)
.: '%

I a relatively good one and that
It is seldom realized that "the distribution is not the basic pro-
peasant has a good deal of "eco- blem is exceedingly difficult in
Snomic power" in the marketing the present atmosphere.,
F system. He has quite a number
I[, of choices open to him--ad al-
ternaties represent economic 1-The chief beneficiary of the
power. price rise of the 1930's was, wth-
out question, the peasant. Total
SIn good coffee, areas, where peasant income from coffee rose
r water for factories is available, by perhaps as much as nine
She will have the major choice of 'times compared 'with that of the
- selling green beans to one of late thirties and by something
'several independently owned wa- like six times as compared with
shing' plants or of turning his the World War II years. At the
coffee into pile for sale to one' same time the price of cotton
of many speculateurs. The great. textiles (the peasant's major in-
advantage of pile is that it gives dustrial purchase) increased by
him.a third choice-holding the less than 2.5 times as compared
.coffee if he does not like the with the late thirties and less
current price. Pile can be held than 10 percent when compared
Seven under peasant storage me- with the War years. As compar-
thods for a matter of weeks with ed with the late thirties the
little danger of damage and even great Haitian food staples, corn
for substantially longer periods, and red beans, approximately
*with some risk of deterioration, quadrupled in price.
There have been years when
sizeable amounts were held over 2-The next largest beneficiary
to the new crop year. Of course, was government which levied
S.poverty is a spur.to sale, as are direct taxes on coffee amount-
credit ties to speculateurs, and ing to $7.5 million-or about a
. peasant storage is probably quarter of export values.
-mainly significant as a short- 1
term expedient. Apparently, the 3-This left approximately 15
peasants do think of pile as a -percent of total export values










'~?44*4AS~-44&44~' C(SA ~fr'~AAi 444W -

~. '1.: -'~ -2 -4/~ ..sL~. ~


* *., ..



Tails Of ThteCitadel Traid uoo ds of ftatur-rt
..........x x- xx
When I guided Mr. Horace
by E. F. E.. tous tyre manufacture of Aak- Darton, Vice-President of the
Wenin 94, Dn Alen i'ser rnOhio) anid a Goodrichd (not Export-Import Bank, to the Cita-
Manager of Brasserie de La related to / the B.F.; Goodrich del, I seized the opportunity *to
Couronne, went to the Citadel tyres. Inc.) were going up the criticize the very bad w ork re- *
Heny wth ame B'rle, Pe- itael-trail in the same grouIp. alized by the J.G. White Eing-
sident of the. Coca Cola Compa- Duringy the visit to the castle inteerig Co on the 191lot road Following a serious surgical operation in New York, Morroy
ny,*,a vendor of coot drinkso.o Kng hrtoh te h whalanrntdbhi:ak Nobel vacationed several weeks in the Virgin islands and is back
fered a coke to: the group in- sole of Mr. Groodrich. came off I told him that FIVE month -o n
cluingthdguid. he e ikeda~te h liioced 45aint a pa afer hatrok wkpavd, hein town now looking like Jack Dempsey. He is 68 yearsolad
0,20 U.S. cents each bottle! Far- rapit. He went to a roomt to try asphalt was r~emove b y the good for another 68 years he says... Andre Leorps oeo h e
ley was shooked and inquired to fix it with a twine. traffic and weather. best-dressed men in the Caribbean is back in Port au Prinbe on
whytheprce was8 so high. The- Other visitors of the groups --Do you think, he asked me, business... The Honor~able Clvs pio ertr fState fo4
vedrrpidNWsbecaude were inquiring about the miss- the Haitian officials are not res- Commerce and Industry, also one of the ten best-dressed men in
of the distance and the stiffness ding fellow. The guide said he ponsible of the situation?
of the mountain trails. At this was fixing something at his the Caribbean, was at the airport Thursday seeing his daughter.
cost said James Farley. I surely shoes... -No, I replied, the. American off for school in Switzerland-., Numa Corvington chief of the cargoes
shall become a true millionaire Corporation only is to be blam. department of Pan ,Amerlican World Airways returned this week
if ~ tH orittadeit in.e.d.Onjoe r toe ed,. The J.G. Whlite Eng Con-fo t ding,,training classes for, freight department executives
in the North ofHil. yfin odihhsa..ltver considered the adjustments in Miami... Antoine, Herar4 former Mayor of Port. au Pr ince and
xxx tre.. fterall, t's ormalwithproposed by the Haitian Engin- now a popular repreettv fteDprmn fTuimi
Joe Willys, a young American a so badly predestinate name'... eer- of our Public Works De- entivoft DprmtofTusmn
xxx Chicago is back in Port au. Prince, on vacation..., Word is getting
student, was, climbing the Oita- apartment. Your Bank. also is
del, hair pin-trail on a mule. As 'Dr. Harry Bodlmer, a 'wealthy to lmd eas e h Hai- around that Pan, Air will reduce its present daily flights between
long ago the Milot boys used to physician of Kalamazoo, Michig- tians, have to refund the rfflney 'Miami and San Juan via Port an Prince to four flihtwelyac
do h ule was named "Jeep". an -, more than two hundred anyway, in spite of the bad re wy.Iistgcneso Haitiabsieslinafigialad
--Go ahead,;Jeep., shouted the Pound and/wearing a large text sults and our poverty. nwppr he ftesvndy ahwe.Diysdei
.boy beating the animal! galloft hat -, could, not fin(l at
-Jep! border ills, t s Mlo a ore o a ul bi- Dont mnge te ord -expected 'to be renewed in Dee.... Mr. Gerard, de atalo'gne, -Con-
fts name? -enough to take the trip to the The J.G. White is something, re- seiller Culturelof tne Foreign Department, Director Administrator
.Mh es epie hebo;a itdL isg idsligg~sted to lated to "engineering" and a, of the weekly newspaper "Le Nounveau Monde" and' wife,:flew .to
stout four. legs drive leepi -be rent .tw\o -mules, ,so he could Bank -is, something \related to Paris by Pan Air flight 432 on a cultural mission for theHasitian
underlined... caeth atmaapso as ignou" eol.-To Imy Govern mnent, last Sunday....The members of the.Chorale du S'acre
Joe Willys was enchanted by it was needed on the way. D'ac- greatest astoni;hment- Mr. Dar-
Hiejok, bt' e ddn' dicloe crd!sai Dr, Bdme, wo tn wo sokeFrech aidinCoeur de Turgeau, accompanied bY their director arid, assistant-
hi am.Atacfran oensok greFryh ti lnuae Ineiereti-director, respe~ctiyely AIM. Jules Victor and Wilfreil Astain, .organ-
erosinga siffandrocy pss-' geieu, c n'st as a mnieized a journey to Verrettes (Fond, d'Eau) last Saturday. On Ateir
aige,' the mule: failed to budge Around ,him. a crowd of theag- chose, avoulez-le." return, they visited St. Marc and arrived back in Port au. Prince
-and-the guide, was failing it with er boys ,and men' fellow who a T3.~..Mr ~viiFroio oeNni nHii e
a atick The an mal brate semedt esc a nd Dr. turn from Jamaica and is preparing his departure for a three
idutranantle oe u te'iqure:FOR SALT TO THE month visit to Rome... Mr. Francisco Galvez Caurenza, new.Ad
o site. 9 e, and sudeeded in -D o aeahosi in HGHIFST BI[DDER bassador of Guatemala. in Haiti arrived Saturai te0fa.
Ju im. ping over the rocks. this vilage Willys-Overland Station Wag- ."The Legislative hmbrdult the Aie 1 t of MoliA da y
4 You see, B1Vlster, it s t e 7 o repliedr the, gin de. W hen on, !958 M ode1. Cbwtub, ot d ew r during eio .n a of e a ud esi o n, thg
1e jep. we tHt, t' opeaescthyaeten TeVecl ma senrfm legislature until 8Spotember- 15tfl, 1962-:1, Mr. Gerard-Gourgue will
't jtuile doh. t you -t"ii? to Cap Haitian Hospital for 8:00 a.m. to 1:00 pm. Monday
-1 areewit yo lauhedthetretmen, trouh Sturdy a th Amri-represent our Country at, the 43rd meeting of. the Oo JMeceu
tourist sii~c mypm twil- -But, insisted the, Doctor, i can, Embzassy, Cite do l'Exos- fthIneAercn tueo ltinya otvde.! el.
lya, I' Iow well about all kinds there is an.'emergency and thv. tion.. Vanda Dounn lwMay y9okgt the U.S. Shie will 'spnd 3
of ..Jeps paien .culdnottolrat th Seledbid wil e rceied.y~ars: studying in a Nursery School of New York... AntO nett 'Han-
xx ~eleven. mile. trip... at the -Embassy Adnilnistrative dad tro r n 918 kl .Hna n s a son
A, Firdstone (related to me fa I' this* case, ,answered the Office Watil 12:0 DO ut25h
and nephew of Mr. Abr~aha Saba aind Mr's Anton J. Saba will.:
exchange vows in a nuptial ceremony, at St. Pierre 0huah, of

6:301 p.m... Mrs. Gasner .Kersaint, wife of the Secretary o'State
of La~r died in New, York of a heart -attack... A mission of, the'
Intrnaiol Mnetr'Fund is visiting our Capital. The -joined
'AR ~Mr. Fotz permanent repiesentant',of the Funds in Haiti. They nget
the competent Haitian ainortie.Mna atro te worked
wih hediigant' of the N~tional. Bank--. Th) market of the tow
of Pett Goave uam'nugurated Wednesday nrnn bMr. L.
NEW 'YORI O T UP I G D PT AOmron or~dinator of -the M1W. The Secretary of the MEN,
EVB Y.PRI Y Deputy Joan Julm was present... The wellknown corn ercn 14fr.
Abraham Leon left for Bogota,... The Embassy of France in Hall
CARGO) SHIPS :(12 PASSENGERS) '135 -ALL YEAR announces that during the .months, of August'a'nd Septemiter, the
S offices of the Chancellery will be closo4 on Friday and kWtrdy
COMBO.SHIPS (52 PASSENGERS). FROM 1 5 X,. the pbblic... Adeline.:Bodet, flew to United 9tates Tuesday mnorn.
lng, by, PAA at 930.. '1W.' Hanis Wiesler. expert din Statisftce of the
ORT AU PRINCE NEW YORkL(DEPARTEVERY SUNDAY) United Nations in Haiti has been narnedz assistant director Insuhw.
tut Haitten: dos Statistiques... Dr. Wittkover, Who Was professor of
UXU Y HIS: SA TA ROS :- S NT P UL -Psychiatry .at University McGill of Montreal, and Directe of the
300 ASSE GERSFARE FRON $19.00 "Section d'Etudes et de Rechkebes Psyqhiagriques Tran hiuel-
es" at the same University, arrived last Sunday in Port ai;'Prince
I FOR ATI No replace. Dr. arve Bordeleau at he Centr~e de Psychiatrici. Hd
was presented by the Dr. Bordeleau to the directors of. th B'ublkc
Health DeTnartment Monday morning after Ins t a I11 e d 1nis. ne

M S g ) R C ."on hweel newspaper "Le Cured Eco n e

TR VE AGEN*(,y t O versary of its foundation, last week... Lavinia. Williams (Mr~s Shan-:


Boys And .Girls- Learn Each Others
Work- In Central America


Eventually, it is the youth o' "That's why we believe tra
every country suffering .from ing is the best, if not the only
poor nutrition who must attack, way to .win the fight for bette"
and solve, their own problems. nutrition around the world."'


Campaigns Hope To Improve Nutrition
Through Training Youngsters

. In most parts of the earth it
is the girls -lone who are taught
to cook and look after the fam-
ily kitchen. Until recently this
,as particularly true, of Latin

Argentina, a nutritionist of the
Food and Agriculture Organiza-
tion with six years field work
in Guatemala, explained the rea.
soning behind this approach.

are not only more receptive to
change and new ideas, they take !
their knowledge home to the pa-
rents. And above all enriching
the children's understanding- of
what constitutes a good diet and
how they can achieve one
through their own efforts, repre-
sents a very sound investment
in the future."

;America. There a man is a man.,
'.',ut macho," and a woman is a "We are trying to improve Central America is only one
woman, or "heimbra", and th. Central American n u t ritio n of a number of areas around the
"'-work of the two traditionally do. through better use of locally world where FAO experts arci
Snot mix. grown- foods," she said. "This aiding national officials in set-
r,..., means changing or introducing ting up school gardens where
Today in Central America. variations into the standard Jae. the children learn through prac-
however, this is no longer the 'al diet. Now.'men are usually tical expeerfce. In most cases
case. In that cluster of small quite consecutive in their eating FAO furnishes-the technicians
re p u bl ic's nation-wide school- habits. Often they. won't touch required to train teachers and
training, programs are underway, what is new or strange to them. the United Nations C h i I d r e n
.!to teach boys 'as well.as girls, Nor will the women cook it." Fund contributes the supplies
to cook and what it best for the This training is not limited to necessary- to establish the gard-
amily table. the school-.children, however, ens. The World Health. Orgariza-
SAdult men and women are' also -tion also aids these programs .
A" At the same time the girls given brief .courses in each .
Share taught, besides cooking and others' work and better mean. pr., Marcel Autret, Director of
:: th 'like. how-to dare for domes,-of carrying it out.' Similarly. FAO's Nutrition Division. calls
tiu animals, fo plant and sow Central American teachers ar- such training the most impor-
new and old crops and the mul- trained in the principles of food tar activity in which his divi-
Stiple 'uses of a small family or- and nutrition and it is through siois engaged. "When one con-
I.chard all things long regard- them that the chi ldren are sders the immensity of the nu-
Se as strictly man's work in taught. triton problems 'now plaguing
Spanish-speaking. lands. the.world, he says, "it is clear
S"We are placing our biggest np one government, international.
SIn a recent interview in Rome. hopes on the children, though." agency or groupings of these,
''!Senorita Elena Musmanno 61Srta. Musmanno said. "Children can hope to do the job alone.

Caribbean Construction Co. SA.J

Builders Of The Military City '

den. Manager: Gerard THEARD i-7

Phone: 3955. P. 0. BO 284


4i Q Summer Rates



[ourly Rate (Minimum 4 Hours) $ 1.00 plus 8 c per Mile
aily Rate (24, Hours) $ 7.00 plus 8 c per Mile g
Veekly Rate $35.00 plus 8 c per Mile ,


or Deliveries

MG Roadster'

AUTO S. A., General Agents (Next to All America Cables)
360 Avenue Jean-Jacques Dessalines
Phones: 3134 2772
P. O. Box 46

far.. o




'l BBOBHG ET CABAVEzuE.. L 2 tusiRs wJS. mu i n.us GRAtNu Im AU DU MONDE DE vb


(Continued from page 1) cation. It is, however, agreeable known art connoisseurs or ad .. .
the 2nd, at Hotel El Rancho, but to us to pay a frank and honest mirers who did not.cease to ex- .:;''
will only try to express our per- homage to her elegance, her press their appreciation of Miss" '.-
sonal impression in all sincer- beauty, and, shall say without Hunting's excellent talent.
ity. hesitation that Lynne is good no- Among the paintings rriost ad- -
From a few minutes of con- tured, good mannered, and is in- mired and coveted we will spe-
versation with Mrs. Hunting, we disputably a splendid host. dally mention: "Etude en Cou-
gathered that 'she is a great leurs" "En route pour le
admirer of Haiti, and has paid About her style; we would, say Mardhe" "Mlaison Jaune" -
S repeated visits to our Magic Is- that one does not need to be an "Erzhilie' and, "Porte Abri-
.land. We were also promptly art-critic to detect a certain aci- cot". -The conversations ovpr-
aware of her spontaneous sens? demic background 'to -which a heard lead us' to believe that if
S of perception which permitted little bit of impressionist ihas the prospective buyers could co-
Sher to advantageously use in her "been carefully blended. It is ra- ordinate- their, desires with their
paintings the magnificent. scene- ther-;hard to tell :what will b! economic possibilities, Lynne
-"' riesi of Haitian life. We under- the end result' of that seemingly would have -to decline the invi-
I.' i stood that a. few of her works harmonious blending, or ,wht station extended to her by the
.come from natural sources, but her definite orientation will. be, Butler Institute of American
that most of them were painted because that ,wmnderual conjbina-- Art for a show of her paint-
.from memory. We do not know tion has not iyet..reached its ings on October 7th, 1962. Light,
n.' .much about her artistic.prepar- complete maturity. There is no contrast, cclor, and symmetry ad ht Sn al
gtion and shall refrain fronl com- visible sign of -innoation in her are the true characteristics of hede ea'ut and p har oa ph ar lotte Silv atein caniaidly
; 7 meeting onthat part of her edu- paintings, but..an-amaing patur- these paintings. rendered in a photograph. Brinette Charlottei.yest*ii7 (ri
ial- and expressive way of bandl- We wish to extend our best and blonde Jacky Peale held:audience in raptMres te Monta_
';. Tour Of Tihe World Ing her brtsh.. :Possibly some compliments and. sincere wisfhe El Rancho, Cabane Chiudoune anld the Casino )at _week. The'
-, -Va AirTrance changes may. take place in the for a.. continuous su ess to unnin lade arefm i ami BNechi 3'hey made p1
n: ,~ hm fe 1). n ear future in Lypnmes style- due Miss Hunting. whose artist, name su ingy m
Foli tiner. tr' mp ia Te to her.marked tendency towards is ."Calemitte"' the ame of a to cone hack for.carnival. ,. .
j-h levisonappearijees in.outon -ore clarity, sueiess,..and mas- very delicious tropicalfruit. May "
revision appearariejs in.'gouston,
T ;texas, organized.by Air France. w assure y ou. ypne, that iP
would be very .dficult: tb find'i HAITT"AN D"t TED: """".. .
.G ambassador of aian ele :Onthat day of Augnt the 'nd. a -inore appropriate synonym. EXCHANGE T LE
presented her mdels another.important reception was
iami and New York pror r, to. taking place elsewhere;, however,
takld off for a thorough tour. a grat many of the persons .in- -SORCERY .* .
of Europe. From th.cre, Air vited by Mrs. Hunting managed (Continued 'irom page 1) .*On the occasion of the Natin- irore dishes of the -ai
:., France will..carry.. er, to .airo to attend first to the reception -- al Fete of the United Arab Re Government and my own.
.' eirut Teeran, Kaira'cii; 3hg- given by'-her at Hotel El Rand travellet who',-ripks himselff at, public the f6blowing ables wer( for the ''v growing pr
ri o j.o Hongkong, Tokio,; '-Maila, cho on .the opening of her show: certain hours atbte place, called eotbhanged .ptwee~ 'i aiti. ai ,o!th.b '.oiblepeople ht
S.:-j .ey, Nouinea, l.lupind Los Angeles. we met at that party were -well napped) by this band" of ,evil- 'ort au Prince : .9 .'t:,
Port au Prince July 23rd,. 1962 ,. eret
',' doers and according to the tra- His Excellency; :. i.
S -eller's weight .r seize he Iay ..-,Abdel.irs; ..: .
..4 '".- b i a Mr. Garnal Abdel .NASSJI Wi. e .. .-. ....
V.'-. .. C ibe. changed into a bull, a .goat :President of 1th t.. '' .. .. .. Re4. ........
Uii .r ... / or a. pig. Children become fish :President of- athe lw. re abteT,
ai ll or turkeys. .O:On the occasion oithe. aniter- Affair
l. ii' Here are the facts which show s -of .Inder6idepce of the Un- Port au Price
S'' i I *i lhow the peasant population is ex .ied Arab.iepublic, it is a great : .
:'=.. '; := posed to exploitation becauseof pleasure for me to present to
M iignorance and economic bac- our .Excellency on behalf of the
-. wardness of -the .county. This Haitian People and in mna:per-' I thank, Your -Ee'
"..'.:. .- maybe the -occasion for"-us: to, soial name the -sihcere dishess the vwiies .that he has
.;,- i say with Abbe Ieconte whoi em- tat- I form for the ever growing abilityy to addre to ime
.":.: 't phasized in his graduating iesis prosperity. o the- people of. the people of.the Unifed Arab e
;-at the Faculty'of Ethnology the United Arab Republic 4nd ;the' blle and I -xpress to' Yur.-
.. : f .:.OBh difference between the "Voodoo personil'happiiness of .Your :Ex- 'ce'iency and the Haitlan
"1n..; "."fHii. :Ji religion" and "the' practice of cellency. my best yishes.
i ii1 :li ...il. p i:F 'tch-craft". It is truly certain Dr. Francois DUVALIER M ahimnodd EAWZI
"' .,:. ;! Uiiliii. : =,,j|| ., M: that education electricity, 'econo- Presdent of t Rep orbig Minister of the
... i Hil ::::::::::::::: my all the. elements of 'an ad-. Haiti. 'UTnited Arab Repibliic.- -
-iiiiiiii!!!!!!hiiPiiii !!"!ii ii dancedd civilization will bring xxx -
................... ....... I ,........ A r T::: will br ing. 'n-,
.i^''.' .SS' about the disappearance of these His Excellency ------ -
J^ -'^:; 'beliefs and. propaganda which Mr .the .Dr.. Francbis Duvalier ..'
'A T prevent the development of oui Pres"ient of-the Republic of 'I RAMA AT.
back country. Haiti n RuE 'ENN g
S(Translated from Augiust 2lthl Port au Prince .U ".eE
,edition of "La Lanterne") [ 'vividly thank you and the .' '
people of Haiti for your wishes
SIN expressed on. the.casion ithe
SMO TO PARS T anversary of the Revolutior Wednesday at 5:3U Pi.M '
S l MCO FF TOnS T d wish to' Your'Excellen, Rue d'~nnery was agitied.
sp z STUDY CEMENT, Health and-Happiness and to'the year-old boy called..Ser'gt; w
.. .. ... s ,(Cohultinued tIromn dge 1) people of Iaiti .grandeur and filling a water can from .ah
L.^ prosperity. dtaulic installation located 'na
UTALA IO Working at the laboratory of the Gamal Aldel NASSER. thee local of he Justice.of e
Ciment d'Haiti when Mr. Pierre xxx of,'South" Section when hefa
.- Lambert. and Paul Ducroiset, Port au Prince July 23rd, 1961 ed. He was transported to
S- respectively President and Geq- His Excellency : family's 'house.
a.'u..r"' ru"" .r. a. "'... _e_ ral Manager of this Company Mr. Mahmoud FAWZI .. At first, his friendly thought
.......i.i..ii.iiHiiiiiiii.. iNi .1:::.;.1.::N::::: :.... 1 'decided to send him to Paris to .Foreign Minister -of United was a joke. Buit the little
-* )'specialize in the ccm.njr field. Arab Replublic Cairo was really dead. The father. ,
-' .Port au- Prince, llaiti W.I. .Boulot win spend ten days with On the occasion, of the anni- mother away from hous.at
Aent: USINE A .GILA,'.E ,A ONALE, S. A. his elder brother Leslie :and versary of the Independence of time were informed by.
g.es .^sister Sonia before jeting to' lhe United Arab Republic I ask neighbours. Cause of the 1-a
*** ...." Fr'ance. -. Yo, our: Exellency "to: accept:, the deatli is. unnown. -.

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