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Haiti sun

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Haiti sun
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 46-47 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
R. Cheney, Jr.
Place of Publication:
Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Subjects

Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Haiti -- Port-au-Prince

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began Sept. 1950.
General Note:
"The Haitian English language newspaper."

Record Information

Source Institution:
Duke University Libraries
Holding Location:
Duke University Libraries
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 32441147
lccn - sn 95058138
ocm32441147
Classification:
lcc - Newspaper 2117
System ID:
AA00015023:00107


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text





Weekly IF




S PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI Avenue- Marie-Jeannme .- CeTE I .A..AlS ESTI-iE --Phone 2061 Vol XX Sunday MAY 6th, 1962 No. 31


May Day Message 5IFance For Progr

Port-au-rince, May 1st, 1062 159th Year of the Independance .
Dr. FRANCOISn -DUVALIER iCo i X
PRESIDENT O- THE. REeUBld ;
poe MESSAGE .doy E T's f-aOfs Off To Washington To Finalize Plan For
Employers, Workers, Artisans, Intellectuals, S OO presentation To Haitian Government
Living Forces of My Country, D G
The 12-man Alliance For Progress team sponsored-.J
Everytime it is the First. of. May, Jong, before and 7 by Cepal, the OAS and BID leave Haiti fot WVashingto7i5
noe my accession to the First Magistrture of the "' P a "e'
S mye the aeihsistotenFand stillr ise s atrangeItp this week to put the fmal touches to a two year plan
tate, there has risen and stWi rises inDme a strange *
eling. N.Y. linies April s. for Haiti, the recommendations of priorities for a long
t is a mature of calls questions, multiple interrogations ans- Nations NY., A 27. term plan and the establishment of Government me
L i- a ivi n Forc questions, multiple &ryagtns ans niAf e2
4nd anxious expectations. This- feeling witho.myself is made -A 9-year-o'd boy's good deed for pla ing -
*-er rnd anxious wiis.o.M lngmy:beoreaind Tne 1oiance For Progress tram OU- Haitian Government saI rear.,
*thewas rcovarded today oflgiy f In six months in Haiti the Al- deadline in which to hand to the. 4
.th equal Darts of pight-iand faith, of convicting and iope., of dignitaries, a guiclod. tour a r tem tou- Haitian Government a two year .-|
unceasing fights; but also of crises- in the middle of which lios of the. United Nations and ed rural districts, vishied Pro- development plan and' oner re-
oubt, the bitter doubt of seeing, realized in all its greatness and invitation to visit Haiti. initial towns and worked in har- commendations which ar i said
a .-he G dflips, who lives, at.9-"with
Iagnficence, tre edification. of. the true Revolution otn the brains oGerald ipos, wo lAves at 1 e m any with the Gov':rnnent, 'to include reforms in fiscal pol-i
nd of the hands, assorted to provide the entire. Nation with the 29 212th Stree ysicde Quees' Point Four (USAID) and l'nited icy and land structure. The- mai
a outburst that makes ofad found the StateDeprt:ent Nations mission members re sion cameo Haiti as a result."
ital outburst that makes of. Work, in an field, a feast, a true identification booklet of Carlet R. Dr. Paul pney Alvari ctief of an agreement reached be
nd permanent feast; an instrument of material and social better- Auguste of Haiti on Apri' 6. Ge- of the mission is a Belgium ween the Haitian Government et
ent, of economic welfare and- progress a hymn to htiman civil. raid said', today that ho found trained Economist native of l'ru- and the Alliance For Progress-j
tion. e o -. booklet behind hishouse guay with a. vast background in following the initial Punta Del.
My confession o this strong feeling, on this morning of Ma while playing baseball. Me la planning. He was one of the first Este conference.
sit, 1962,. draws its reason for. being. made, -from. the. witnssn (Continued on Page 3) members of the staff of the In- .
Sthe awakening obseed and registered in you, Haitian orker. ter-American Development Ba3ik, To aid their planning the Mis- n
Sthe awakening observed and registered in you, Haidtian Workers. and has been with the United sion called in two expert statis-
should keep it, my feeling, heavy with its crucial doubt, if I S Nations since 1949. He has also ticians from Cepal in Mexico 16
did not have the strong corifftion that stone by stone "you are worked-for Cepa4 i nEcuadou-aind wake.. a.. new check on flaiti'q
erecting the dreamed building, that you are answering the ques- .Fj n eTt r for 'the OAS in Washington. National gross product raiud rtoi'
ons, the interrogations and weakening the crises nd anxieties When the Mission began work determine the country's prese
fall my expectations. here in November 1961 they set rate of growth-all basic mfo
Small my expectatiDvn s. icain L t -H ere the middle of 1962 as their motion key. to good planning.
My Government, taking inspiration from the postulates capabi@ Man y Haitians competently
creating all human resolutions; decided to realize the Meeting Today, on the loasion participated in work t ro us- -,
iTh 1946, first stage of your history, laborious masses, towards of the canonization of tlie- headed by one of the mission's
e conquest-of social and economic democracy; decided to make first negro, the blessed 2 Scouts Off To N.J. experts w"ho received romplet
incide the enlargement of the structure of Your Syndicalism Martin de Porres, of Peri- o i
orn in the emotional thrill of the great. politicosocial.commotion vian nationality, a special Phelden St. G e r m a l, partmentsuonquestions of ag-b
1946; has polarized Mor inass will be said at the district Commissioner of Health.
S h~aCoathedral at 8:30 a.m. the North Zone of the Ca- M the ls e
-tion and rationalized the coexistence ol', employer and employee A procession around the Pla- pital and FlaMvien Exinor, embers of the Alssion are.
o efix May 1st this exalting feast that you are offering me this ce Petion and the blessing of district commissioner of or a A re
-orning. the Holy Sacrament .followed by Port de Paix departed Sa- (Conetnued on page ..
I know, Employers, workers, artisans, intellectuals, workers of a sermon of Mgi. Claudiu .An- turday afternoon for Sehiff
y country, I know. that laws, measures, no matter however wise genor took place last night as ot Reservation in Ne" Petion Ville
full of foresight, can do ve, little or even nothing, on a prelude to today ceremony. Jersey.
d full of foresight, can do very little or evens The Hih Mass will be sad by The two members of Srnt H school in
they do not penetrate -into the conscience of populations. Is not the Regent of the ArchiRiocie doHaiti will attend a six eek
lucky then for Your First-Servant; who, in 1948, had the privil- assisted of Deacon and Suhtbeac- courses of the Inter-Amei.c;nd Six Months '
e to lean over your first babies, at the time when you started on. His Excellency Mgr. Luigi professional Courses for Sco'.;i
ur revolution with the humble peasant from Verretles, the Im- Ferrofino, the Pope's Nuncin in 'rs through the help of -W'oild "!.e Nntin i" lay 1st, 2nd. 3rd,
SHaiti. ivill read the paneeiryc of Scouting Bureau, Boys Sco its. of 1962
E (C;ontinued on page 16) the first black Saint. America and Scouts d'Haiu. Announcing recently, the last-
t r todate of the great decisions of .
/ F--His Ex : the President of
the Republic, make the lyceum
SW hat Isn -A a i reality and nolonger a dream .
Schiepper? Port-dePaix ompains Of residentsofPetionile
S ch l ep we wondered wha rea h Co pl n I MRLN was going to receive from

He or shel is the aletge per.d Dogs And Corsaires
on who goes abroad for pleas- \\e had recalled, to convince
"e and comes home weary Iron .I theresidents of Petionvill the
g parcels from place to FREEBOOTERS WARNED IN the law, for the ordinary or-r ..ted. ipso facto, accordii o efficacity of the aid given. last
A "schlepper" ;s a tour- PORT DEE PAIX of the streets of the Ci-' no lie penal laws "Le Petit S- ear, by the population of Jre-. -
S-of sn nationality, abroad on iviliEan has th e right to ar et (Coninued on page 16 ie when the "School Palace"
thon, spending a couple of reprintedd from "Le Petit Sa- another- civilian. even less Ht had to ble built and of w'lich is -
usand dollars for enjoyment media Soir")- beat Fumrn except for the case.F The lack ot certain mater- now so proud, the city of the
Srelaxation, "sehlepping" al ---- provided for b.v the Law, -1 he iaN for the making of half- Dumas.
foot acquired abroad. 'The PORT DE PAIX.-In the intern does not hold a mandate o: tl roness at the Peloux Esteaillish. 'hen Saturday morning. tie
chiepper' 'returns qo tired hlie est of Society and of the Pout- local authority of Judiciary o mnpt has caused lhis news families of Petionville were no-
a to spend a few daym resting ics of wisdom of the Gnvern- administrative police, paper tn appear withlioul pict- tified that a date had been set,
before he can return tn the ment of the Republic, the Dis- In consequence. anyone noti in coverage of Labor Da. for a meeting with the MRN' of-
iee. t-rict Attomny iniprms all inter- respecting the prescription, nof and The Flowers Festival. ficials at the Town Hall, the
((itlinued on page 3) ested parties that, according to this communique, will be p .ose- au (Continned on pagp 15)
---:- -------------------------------. o t gra decision ,-
~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ E-e le c th P r s d n of ..-.'- ^.i.^ ~ -.'J








PAGE 2 SUNDAY MAY 6!b, 1962


''HAITI SUN''


au


Katherine Dunham departed Thursday for the U.S. and Africa 4
to recrit't a new show to be sponsored on a World Tour by her
Impressario Stephen Papich. The Dunham show will also include
Haitian dancers from her Habilation Leclere. They include Ma.u-
K' rice Augustin, Jean Marcel Andre, Lois Rollins and Ti Paris. Her
night-club at, Leclerc will continue to function during her ab.senitL
as will her ballet and modern dance school on the Rond Point...
Gracia Murquez, proprietor of a fleet of camions received LUth
N;.. national Order of Labor rank of Officer on Labor "Day... Po;e
Cole has gone into a temporary eclipse and laid off hundreds of
Workers after paying holidays. Reports now have the Norther.
Development project reopening in JLuje... The .Gary Sister., _n
'.. .Esso settle down in Jamaica where they will work for 6 month.
/T'he Sisters spent 18 months here with Esso... John Rettic of tie
S.BBC wag in town on a brief visit swinging through the Caribbei- -
from rdlunarters. in "Mexico city... The daily newspaper "Lo
i2.- uvel mste"' .Dean of the Haitian Press,' feted its 66th anniversary ..
of its fn'indation, on May.1st. 1962 congratulations to the dean
and it. ine staff. rolled in from all over Haiti... Last week, Dr.
Adolfo Alarcou. delegate of the FAO in the Caribbean zone, made
:*. an important gift of material to the Avicole and Bovine Experiment
at Station of Damiens... The Direction of the Loterie de I'Ealut
Haltien" announces that the next drawing of the Economic Liber-
ation L litcry will take place on July 19, 1962L.. Mr. Edgard Etheart.
dii ector of the Chatelet des Fleirs, made a gift-souvenir to. Melle
Gladys Bbot (Miss Cafe) at the "Fete-des ltleus" .ball in Cabane .
iBoucoilne Wednesday night... The Centre de Reeduaction of Car
:dour" precedently directed by the Priests of "St. Esprit" and -
i. Coeur d "Marie"; now under the administration of the
(IBESR) "listitiut. du -Bien-Etre Social"; is reorganized in view- to
satisfy ll social and,-educative mission... Three checks: $730.00.
$115.00 and $55.00, representing the contribution of the schools of I
'the Capital to the "lIouvenment de Ienovation Natiouale", were
sent to the central office of the MRN by Mr. Leonce Viau, Secret-
ary of State of National Education this week... Mr. Aurele Joseph SUPER-RIB
F".. Secretary yof State of Public Health and Population left to Geneva
..Spicialement congu pour,
(.Switzetqand) via U.S. He will represent our country at a meeting raise pour une meill
f. the Health's World-wide Organization. He is accompanied by station, pour moins d'usu
Dr. Lowinski Fauche, Inspector General of Hospitals. He will slay Super-Rib de Goodyear. I
..10 day* abroad... Dr. Fran.cois Duvalier, President of the Repub- pneus tracteurs Goodyea
entoilage 3T "Triple Ter
"ic renewed the commission of three honorable judges of the Civil sivit de Goodyear
.iCourt of Port aU Prince; Elie Leblanc, Gabriel Volcy and Enile
eolissier,. to be near their's end:.. Deputy Seneque Pierre flew
'-to.. United, States last Sunday at 3:00 p.m. He is accompanied hy
A: Me. Noe Fotureand, Consellor of the National Bank of the Republic
-of Haiti,. At Washington he will meet Mr: Ambroise Harpnett ,0noe
L.have te contract of the Sugar Factory of Torbeck.... Building
k.'Material Supplier Lucien Thebaud flew to the U.S. this week for II Y A DES PNEUS GOODY
specialized treatment for his broken arm inflicted in an accident
with his Volks on the Petionville road last month.


HAITIAN LEGISTS TO CONGO
f RECEIVED THEIR DESTINATIONS

.!On March 29th, 7 Haitian jur- Haitien; Me. Luc Piverger, an.
>sts selected by U.N. to oreside cient dean of Civil Court of el AU-PR INLG
er certain courts to the Congo Aquin, were delegate to Bukovu t ".. PANTAL
left for Leopoldville via United in the province on the Kuvi lake. "3a1Y .
tes. Lisbon, Dakar, Monrovia, in important commercial center fZ Jl'JL
os. The reception which they and touristic -ity of Congo. Gas-
Sreceived by the Haitians already ton Sam was appointed Attorney EXQUISITE
installed in the Congo, the offi- and Luc Piverger, President of D- esi ns
F"'-ials of the--central Government Civil Court of this province Mr. lR
S'and ONU, was cordial and assi- Gerard Alerte is at Coquihat- ,ND SUPERB
duous.. 'ille as President of the Civil Q.. allith il j- ea
Mr. Gaston Sam, ancient Pre- Court.
d ent of ,Appeal-,Court. afCap GRAND RU.E A.,tffpe


POINT D'ATTARUE

Le nouveau Traction Sure-Grip
de Goodyear a 6td spdcialement
congu pour vous donner une
traction maximum. Il est muni
"de longues barres pour vous
Sprocurer Ia force de traction
requise par les tracteurs
modernes. II mord en biais et
grace A son profile a
C-E-N-T-R-E O-U-V-E-R-T,
il se nettoie automatiquement.
Ainsi vous obtenez une traction
constant. II vous coOte
moins de temps, moins de travail
et moins de carburant.
Allez Ie voir encore aujourd'hui
.,J chez votre dealer Goodyear.


$1OF SELECTED
Rush

AND FAMOUS
Sisatl.
W^ tcchfl tbme s &UJ.S. PHONE : -. 4S


ti oseph report


PAGE 2


SUNDAY MAY f6!h, 1962







NDAY MAY 6th, 1962


What Is A


= (Continued trom page 1)
# Orice upon a time, the leisure
lass travelled abroad by ship,
with enormous trunks full of
ice clothes and plenty of space
fr his bargains. In 'those days,
however, the appropriate valet
apd maids travelled- with iim.-to
bhlp. Today millions of people
oa every income bracket travel
61he world over, mostly by lane
where they have very limited
baggage allowance. The average
tdyeller finds himselff .lugging
(we mean "schlepping') more
and more hand baggage and
bundles, and paying more and
more excess baggage charges.
In the plane he must snueeme
himself into the very restricted
space allowed him, with no room
for comfoi-t or relaxing, because
his excess baggage is- strung
around him, stored under his h



KATHERINE
ANNOU

BAR GEISHA &
4 OPEN EV,'RY E
CUISINE OF TI
,Your charming Hostess K
G dPR,7E


Grand


* HA i T


Schlepper? agav the
He's right
cessary. A
feet or testing in his lap. In- o well-trave
stead of having a pleasant trip, roughly ser
he can hardly wait to get home, lany years
unburden himself, and rest fiom .cd a home
the "rest" he was seeking' when designedd as
he left. broad the
But his ordeal is not over. himself nf
When i-h arrives at the airport outside U.S.
(and haven't they growvn!) he utsideU.S
finds himself lugging 10, 20. 30abed t or
pounds into Customs. 11 the poor qFuor an
traveller then has to board an- Free Port pr
.'her plane to reach the city or sent to his
town where his travels originat- hue may tra
ed, once again he has to lug the Thousnds
loot with him, and the same iin- already take
pleasant process must be gone service. The
through again, to end only when is proven The
he finally arrives on his own it s o
door-tep. though it is
door--tep. others have
Meanwhile breakage has oc-
curred, packages have bden lost, treng ire
calouses have formed on his ned"og et
hands and his feet, and home need. for this
Belle Cregle
originator, h
DH widened the
Port-pr~ced it
NOES lers usually
SIf you have
er" ;m the pa
SALON GUINEE ure and valut
trip...- and for
JVEINTG FOR write or call
HE FAR EAST EXPORT, IN
LATHERINE DUNHAM New York 13,
S tative of La I


Spectacle


TUESDAY FRIDAY
At the Peristyle DANSE VAUDUN
In The SALON GUINEE
SPECTACLE INTERNATIONAL
TRUE VAUDUN CEREMONY
AT THE OPEN AIR PERISTYLE
SATURDAY
Special Haitian Menu
!Danoing To MOZART DUROSEAU'S Orchestra
FOR YOUR PLEASURE IN THE
COLONIAL SELLING OF
HABITATION LECLERC
FAVORITE PLEASURE PARK OF
PAULINE BONAPARTE
5 MINUTES FROM PORT AU PRINCE ON.
THE ROUTE MARTISSANT


s lepper" s. ...'"*

U.N .. .t. E '

"schiepper" v.os, ALLIANCE FOR PROGRESS

t. It's no longer ne-
couple of years ago (Continued from page 1) William Brand, U.N., Dutch,
lled merchant, thor- and Reynleir Jonker IOT (Infer-'.,
ice-conscio. after Uruguay, Chief of Mission, national Labor- Office in Gene-'.
of research.-creat- David Ibarra, U.N., Cepal. Me- va), Dutch, Human. Resources .
of research. creat- xico, Program officer; and Demography',
-delivery service so MacDonald Benjamin, OEA,
to give the traveller .
opportunity to avail British, Agricultural Program; Marcel Fossoy. Unesco, French *
port o Digby Solomon, BID, Cuban, Guiana, Education; '.
Free Fort shopping Agriculture' and Credit; William Ygasen, U. N., UA 4
the world he isits Carlos Plaza, U.N.,. Cepal, Public Administration; .
terhis dutye is Chilean, Mining Energy and Wa- Dario Pavez, OAS, Chile. Fisc-:
ler his dur'.tyfre ter Resources; at Administration (completed his..l
her merc andise at Andre Binschedler, U.N.. Tech- study); .
ices and have tIem nical Assistant, Swiss, Industrial
front door, so that
front door, so that Development; Robert Ross, U.N., USA, Ba-
el unburdened and George Mouton (6 years in lance of Payment and Tourism; '.
nd housans hav Haiti) U.N., Belgian, Commun- Mr. Richardot, resident UN.-
and thousanta s have thi t Development; Chief, advisor to the Mission..
n advantage of this
real necessity foi
by the fact that al-
only two years' old,
already copied it.
and more people
economy class', the FRIDAY NIGHT
service grows. La ,
International. its
Ias improved and
i!s service, and FAMOUS CREOLE BUFFET .8 P0A. I
variety of Free NATIVE FLOOR SHOW --P.M.
temrs which travel-
"schlepp" home. DANCING TO THE MUSIC OF THE
e been a "schlepp- CASTEL COMBO UNTIL 1% P.M.
Ist, get more pleas- >c '
e out of your next
r more information .
I INTERAML. ICA
C., 366 Broadway, .
N.Y. the-represen-
Belle Creole, S.A.


- Boy Rewarded With
Trip To Haiti
(Continued from page 1)
ed the identification to the Uni-
ted Nations.
Pierre de Meulemeester, Unit-
ed Nations chief of protocol,
wrote a note of thanks to the
boy, who, in turn, askeo if he
and his family could visit the
United Nations.
Accompanied by his parents
and his 12-year-old sis!tr, Linda,
Gerald .vas conducted on a tour
by Maurice T. Liu, chirl of the
United Nations visitors' service.
Later tie Gips family met Mr.
Auguste, who thanked Gerald
and invitedd him to q-titl Mr.
Auguste .said he had lost the
booklet and had no ider how it
got behind the Gip's hlinne.


Real Estate Agency
LOISEAu & Co.
15 Bourdon
Phone 2620
Cable Address: AILOICO

Renting of Houses, Apart-
ments, Bungalows, Camping
Houses for short or long
period.

Sales information available
for sugar cane. cotton, fruit,
sisal, etc., plantations and
estates of various types and
sizes and in improved and
unimproved condition.
Commercial business such
bars, restaurants, and hotels
bought and sold
Joseph LOISEAU
Manager


KOCK


prevents unnecessary tire failures!


Ie FLEX-RITE NYLON
cords in Rock Service tires
withstand double the im.
pact of ordinary materials,
resist heat blowouts and
flex breaks.






SEE YOUR DI,

COMMERCIAL WILL

IUST RE(
BF GOODRICH: Tires
Port uu
PIERRE SANSARICQ.

GERALD DEI.AQUIS -

NABIH S. HIAGE Sa


GIVES LONGER SERVICE *,i
GREATER TRACTION -
Husky double-chevron cleats "
in new B.F.Goodrich Rock
Service tires give full traction
in forward 'or reverse, ',uW4
against slippage. The tre i
built to is inflated shape.' lIt
flexes evenly no localized
stresses that cause unneces ."
tire failures. 7:7
Keep your of-the-road equip.
ment on the job. See us for
B.F.Goodrich Rock Service -''
tires. You'll be money aheadi :

FOR MINES

QUARRIL ,.7


EARTH-MOVING m





rich tires

STR1IBUTOR:

JAM NARR, S. A.

CEIVED
and Tube Batteries
Prince
- Jeremie

- Jeremie '.

tint-Marc
.. .. "*:*
"' !: ..' '* .A


1$.t. rood ichr


NY


-I. .,. '.If..








PAGI 4 ,



SLatin N


Decline In Ex
The Go

A new clamor is arising in
Latin America for trade in addi-
taon to aid in the context of the
.Alliance for Progress Tad Saulc
i .ast Sunday's New York Tinrts.
The mathematically correct ar-
.gument is being advanced-hy the
...hemisphere's producers of corn-
.:.moditips and. raw materials that
[the decline in their export reve-
flues in the last five years, due
..to sharply falling prices, is more



ODETTE
Prese
TROUPE DE DANSE
Every Wedne


' -HAITI SUN''


reed For Trade


ports Of The One-Crop Nations Offsets
ains From The U.S. Aid Program


,than offsetting the gains to their
economies through the new in-
,estments of the Alliance funds.
We make matters worse, these
producers contend, the cos' of
imported equipment from the in-
dustrialized countries has been
steadily rising during the same
period. Therefore, the Latin
American countries claim, the
over-all terms of trade have de-
teriorated to such a dismal ex-
tent that their capacity to deve-



WIENEI.
ents
BACOULOU D'HAITI
sday Night


lop rationally -Alliance or no
Alliance -is being seriously im-
paired.

One-Crop Handicap
The fundamental difficulty is,
if course, that the overwhelming
majority of the twenty Latin
i1merican nations remain t3 this
lay the slaves and victim; of
he system of mpno-culture or of
inadequate diversification of pro-
luction. This means that most
Vij them stake their liveiiihond
in the exports of one or two
;ommodities.

Thus of Latin America's fif-
een coffee producers, six 'der:ve
nore than one-half of their for-
,ign revenues from coffee. rang-
ing from 52 percent in the case
if Costa Rica to 72 percent for
El Salvador and Guatemala.
Brazil, the giant of the hem;F;-h-
're, drew 59 percent of its dollar
come in 1960 from coffee.

.. Sugar means as much. or
nore, to the Caribbean repub-
cs of Cuba and the Dominican
publici, and it is an important
complementt to the export- of
laiti,- Peru, Mexico and Brazil.
Argentina lives from her world
alesi'of wheat and meat. Dnxe-
oped as she is by Latin stand-
-rds, Argentina's vulnerability to
base. exports is so great that
Western European taxation on
meat and the United States qiiar-
mntine of her beef because of
hoof-and-mouth disease in recent
years have plunged her intim P
drastic balance-of-payments de
ficit.

Likewise, Venezuela is depend-
ent on the world petroleum -rzrk-
ets; Peru and Chile on the coLp-
I
iper markets; Peru, Mexico and
Bolivia on the zinc and lead mar-
kets and Bolivia, additionally, on
Ln.

With such fundamental. di.stor-
ions in their economies, dating
rom the colonial days of com-
mercial greed, the Latin Ameri-
cans have evidently deve'lpen
an immense ,sensitivity to the


"'iole problem of common i i's
ui.d the rallying cry across ihe
hemisphere is for the end of the
era of production of raw mater-
irils and the dawn of the cr-i of
industrialization.
But, here again, Latin A-'cri-
ca runs into the vicious circle.
The depreciation of her exports
and the rising prices of the im-
ported equipment, needed for the
industrialization and to produce
import substitutes, become a ma-
jor obstacle, in Ihese plans to
surge from economic colonialismi
to- modern self-sufficiency-
The recommended remedy ;s
that the Alliance for Progress
provide a mechanism for stahili/-
ing the prices and, clearly. it
would be most welcome if the
Alliance could also help to shoot
them up again. Otherwise. it .s
.aid, the Alliance would Nb a
failure.
All this was, in effect, implied
in a violent speech this week at
the meeting of the Inter-Arneri-
can Development Bank in Bue-
nos Aites by the Columbian Fi-


nance Minister Jorge Meiian "a-
lacio.
But while the Alliance plan-
ners in Washington heartly agre-
ed that it would be fine the
prices could be stabilized -and
stressed that a pact to achieve
just that in the field of coffee
is being negotiated- the re-
marks by the Colombian officials
also raised "the intriguing ques-
tion of just who is responsible
for what in an economic allian-
ce.

Trade statistics show that a
drop of one cent per pound in
ie price of green coffee annu-
ally means a loss of over $50.-
000,000 to Latin American produ-
cers. As the prices have been
more tMan halved since 1951. the
'Irss to the Latin American eco-
nomies in the mathematical sun-
se has indeed been immense.
U.S. Experts Disagree
But United States specialists
point out the complete unreality
of,this kind of economic projec-
tion and question the implication
(Continued Yom page 1)


i so nauian ao 1 i suipaau gold Ilgure dial
RAITI'S LARGEST FREE PORT PRICE SHOPS onlybythat of thediamond.
Ti OQRNERSHOW RU BONNE FOL Movado which offers you a
) ART& CURIO SHOP ISHERS ACROSSFROMUprecision thrice triumphant R. 14,
') ART" & RIO S"OP [ s AICROSS OM in thee years (at the official miniature move-
8TOMS Swiss Observatory at ment gold 111 ct.,

.dND 'BUY HAITIAN HANDICRAFTS g d
STRAIGHT FROM THE FACTORY
ON 2HE RUE DU QUAI

(AM. P. AND DINERS CLUB AM OVCCEPTEDAD

SAVE UP .TO 60' Per Ceit ON IMPORTS .
SHOPS AND MAHOGANY FACTORYSALE AT MASON MENTAL
.. ONE SALE AT MASON ORIENTAL -
''sevr9r!V)^ +sv^ ^y' AND LITTLE, -EUROP]5 ***t
..? ;, .. .
2C -A: .:=:, ,, i.:. : ., ...,:2 : ..: +.. .. .


Tuesday. Night-- Informa Barbecue

At Sans Souci
Tuesday is barbecue night at Sans Souci. Dress h
formal, music is provided by the Hotel's Combo and
the dinner is $2.50 per person. The hotel has a con-
venient and safe car park.


Is


FU A1'UNG HAMTTS MOST LkWMNU
WUP OF ENTERTAINEIS t
i;'BOI4ULOU CABARET THEATRE
ie MeringuLessons .at. 9:30 p.m.)
SIiTIONVILLE HAITI


41 % ;H E R


; T [


I[


SUNDAY MAY 6th, 1962







A MAY 6th;1962 .-


S" : ; -
S ., :H A'T .. .J ^.. ',.>.>.-


S"' HAITI SUN

I'FHE HAgIAN ENGLISH. LANGUAGE NEWBPAPiEB
0 Community Weeh't Published Sunday Mornig
"iltor-Publlhe .. BB ARD DI "DERICB
erant-Reepensable MAUCIAIm LABISiERs
,r' '..'S:VAUSHED IN -0 .. i.

ew -ork Times (Sunday April929)
N.
ALLIANCE AND REVOLUTION.


The Alliange. for Progreis is being frankly discussed and criticiz-
in the United .States and, Latin America without shaking its
r ential soundness .or dampening the hopes it has aroused. This
Sek aw a meeting of the governors of.. the Inter-American D.ve-
mpmeht-Bank irrBuenos Aires as well as the last of a series of five
iportabtlectures ohf'the alliance before the School of Advancei
,.t tiond "'Studies 46 'Johns Hopkins University, -
*-) Any such _progrdn, .which is setting out literally to transform
Latin America -through social 'efeorms and economic develophtint,
s bound to be vulnerable. The privileged classes who must make
e reforms are: unhappy; the masses -the ordinary people- vwhio
ill benefit are impatient; the cost of. economic development is
great thht even the billion dollars- a year-for ten years which
-eUnited States ;has-piedged is -only. 10 per cent of the estimated
-. ""' : -" '..-c -
es. "The i 'problem is how to combined desperate -urgency
th a hind of common feeling that-'hili preserve the unity of the
misphere,"' Secretary Rusk said in his address at Johns Hopkins.
y students of Latin-American affairs believe that this "com-
ion,-feelifig" is a recognition, that social reform must and;will take
lace throitghlout Latin Armerica; It is going.to be a painful, fright-
*nitg,- even dangerous and revolutionary process, though we hope
t peaceful one. It must be .recogmzed -and perhaps especially
here in the United States-- that .reVbltidnfr-and communism are
Lot synonymous. Afte lwe- nide a revolution in the United
plates and a- good o.fe- Our ideal and principles, ajtove all the
ea of equality of opportiiity which -we gave to France in 1789,
e more revolutionary .than Marxism-Leninism could ever be. We
*wed revolutionary ideas in Latin America' long before Marx
let alone-Fidel-Castro- was born. Our-examble of a fantastically
prosperouss social welfare, state is.an incitement-to revolution.
.-The, Alliance for Progress is 'a method for making a social revo-
ltion in Latin America voluntarily, -peacefully and democratically
means of the free enterprise economic system. The alternatives
Sare variations of the totalitarian. method by communism -or fas-
t.cism (let us not forget Peronism-in Argentina)- or a Right-Wing
national socialism imposed by zi llitary dictatorship. This compe-
otin is the species of',"cpld wkr' .all :bf usdface in Latin America.
t is going .to be hardnought, bVit we. who are fighting on the side
Democracy and freedom 6ught to'kjv ik h



JETS 'ESENTIAL FOR INDUSTRY

: ETIn a world highly competitive. in almost all activities
ew people appreciate what the absence of a jet air-
ort does to -our commerce. Jet planes have tremendous
iulls with capacity for freight as well as passengers'
baggage. Thesb jet hulls particularly north-mhind to
i and New York are often way under. capacity. To
$ttrat cargo airlines offer low freight-rates on such
et planes.
As an example, all last summer the jet-flight.; fhon
anto. Domingo .to New York carried avocados with
w freight-rates. Such low freight-rates were not al ail-
rb0le for Haitian avocados.
I 'There are other commodities which could.be shipped
et planes with their big cargo-capacity were landing
aid leaving here.
o let's 'accelerate our action on .the jet airport. It
lids tremendous possibilities for increased revenue for
e country. The plain of Cul de Sac with cheap 'ran-
ort for winter vegetables for the north can make the
gendary fertility of the Valley of the Nile look like
audi Arabia.


.-
.. .., ^:,..- 4 i- '7 -..t -* :


S .. ., .. ..I. I ,. -. ::..-.'..- ^ kx.,
'. .-. ,:... : "I ..=' ..,:, :, / i 'i"


. m 1111


.Proposed Change Of U.S. Customs
: -. Regulations .. .; ,. a .ae..ig.
'" "-I the- .Arierl." tvil
overseas Is forced v to cai
SThere is an impending threat legislation, the'reperuion is P h e pr eset bay 'hatal
to the futUre of shopping hby be serious and extensive. Basic the present Sstem- that.
Americans. traveling a b r o a d. to any discussion of the effects these tprcss .to be..] s i
This threat has been raised by to be expected by such a change "uaccopanied. baggage"),.1a%:t
recommendations now before tile iS the nature. and. character 'of foUow effects to-poiit ou
U.S. Customs Bureau. the American public touring few, can certainly .be.expet
A five-man task force named abroad. .More 'than ever before.. .- '
by Treasury Secretary, Douglas in rapidly increasing numbers; Travelers going oversee b
Dillon, and headed by Washing- the. American public -considers AIR CIARIERe-. l tited-
ion Attorney, Joseph .J. O'Con. travel and shopping abroad 'as a a mammum luggage : wetg
nell, has recommended,' among basic annual expenditure In their usually-, 44 .piounds...Clothfi-
other things, that ALL GOODS budgets.. and.,personal effects gene
MUST ACCOMPANY THE TRA- consume the 44pon4 ..allo
VELER when he returns to the statistics show that well over, ig ttle "rm" f r s pl
United States. The reason given half of the tourist .traffic depart- Nchses. I the .TAe-
by the task foice for recomm- ing..from the United-States each law io lSEND.ges tourts
ending this change is that the year is female.-. While women law to :S ND.i t
present. Customs entry system is are not-the only oned shopping chases .hone,, it"s .rea
an "administrative a b o m i n a- overseas, nearly any woman who to expect tthat he will nae.
tion." is traveling abroad will be, quick 'ringements -to t t~.nt th
If. this recommendation is-.ac- to confirm that' a considerable U.S. -by 'ome. other for1t.o
cepted and put into effect cith'er portion of the .trip will .be spent fraisporatiin ll. ".
by administrative. change or by SHOPPING, and that SHOP i. "t him to carry his utth
----...-_____________ __________ ases Also,' without the ipor-t..
S" ant travel incentive of frei
HAITI, L'ILE DES FLEURS-- s'hp p..g i ai.L' ngru-I.in i
I notceable decrase-i t '
Victor 'Neveri-Constant, Minister of Tourism has i- traffic.is W,-e seeabl ...
tiated a fine image of. Haiti before the -World pblic. -
-When our' highest officials deieided on the symbolism'or r-abvean. re .l as
theme-slogan of "Haiti, L'le des Fleurs', as' dissemin- East etc:, areas :now.n
ated. throughout the World, it was -advertisngh e"y thei shioppingbargains will
far superior to -much- of that which comes pout of Madi- becoe o creasingl'less .a-
son Avenue at a cost of hundreds of thousaiids. of dol- radtive o the-toturist o wLhot
A a6nger, a .shop, without.' bein
Sars. seven .res .d ti-.-
And the imagery is not only well codoeived but based store pur ses A. t: o y,
upon solid faIts. The mountains of Nfenlscd.im-alrdaIy iname-a isecomiiOpe-'agga M
famous for their Poinsettias, Nile Lillies, .Euilyptis,, ge.
Mimosdi and fragrant Trumpet Bushies received' fur- f'- e l '"n...- a
their recognition from the export. of cut-flowers..day T r av urea Igcis io
Travel -BureausA.d oher -
after day, and month.after month. The'winning-of two teres. .:..roniof'?:i ra.
International Trophies by Chatelet dess' Fleurs'at the vel will dcoveilt.t ravel;:
New York Flower Show in the Coliseum on successive. backingg the athtatidi bf overt
years in tough international competition is, evidence of seas -shopping wMl b-' a
the quality of flowers which emanate from Haiti. da ful t s
In. the tropical lowlands the brilliant Bougainvillias, ell a be a op in international:
00p,-
Poincianas, Golden Showers, Oleanders, Torch Ginge's. travel i .erI.- .
and Heliconits can be made. to predominate in the .pib- ..
lic mind, minimizing some of our failings. ,- By restricting shopping iast'
The Fete des Fleurs,ann anciel t custom was reviled to that which an be cariied-.3
Sthe past week by the. Minister of Tourism and in a few me. thsi se ... '
years it is expected to attract many garden lovers who traveler ch e are going tor
constitute a surprising segment of the tourist public, be directly affected. L,
Perhaps second only to the Citadel,, are the gardens of .
Kenscoff as a tourist attraction. At the present time, alongg:.
Hail "Hati, L'Ile des Fleurs"! Hail the Haitian "Fete S-th otherr..roeosals to ale
des Fleurs." May they grow and, flourish to establish commendation to disconfliue the
Haiti as one of the leaders of the Western Hemisphere unaenomnpanied baggage system *:4-.
Republics. is up for consideration before. a
"'ering Committee appointed by"
thle Secretary of the Treasury.-
-. Headed by Mr. J. P. Hendrick :4
.' of the Treasury Department, the !'
Committee is composed of two:"-
S*. [Sp representatives of the Customs
oi HAITI Bureau, Mr. Gillmore of the U.
Travel service.- and two re- .
S-r G ALLEresentaives ot the Secretary of
A RT GlLLl-Pay the Treasury. :-..
On.1?e du QUAI
ScuAll parties interested in and
ROSC ulpUres by 'PAINTINISj % :or cerned with this proposed
,lBBB ^ O^UlplUhange are urged to make their .
..TRANC.015 ZQdovr feelings known at the earliest ::
J.E.JourPgue possible date. -Especially of in- "
J. DU DERRIER, V.Denis rest to the Steering Committee
S QO.DU PERRIER L.. Lazard vould b, thoughts or suggestions
A.iMANCHE J. Gabriel t at might streamline C,,toams
151 Procedures and allow simplified
Kg,,sTealn entry of "unaccompanied bag-..
gage.







i.. A


' HAITI


LzCaribbean LangL


[" Study


I;;;


By Mervin C. Alleyne common feature of societal orfa-
(The Institutq of' Caibbean Studies is giving special attention to nizatesn of most countries, but
ilems of bi-and mnlti-llngualism in the Caribbean, emphasising USA than lesser d England. They are
ie social, psychological 'and educational aspects. Dr. MERVIN very important in the West In-
.AlLEYNE,. -hose article. appears b e-ao w, received a dies where no Standard language
ait to- do --field work in. St. Ludia in the sum m er of 1960. has evolved and where the norm
I, HKABL REISMAN has', received a grant to spend the year of correctness is imposed from
d 1,.-*-i& Particularly in the ca-L
-.Jtl. Antlgua to do research on Antiguan creole for- his doc- outside. Particular Islands
rafe. in.:anthropology at Harvard University. Mr. Reisman took' of St. Lucia and Dominica the
ls'B.A. with honors at Harvard in 1953. He was later a. teaching process of acculturation can be
SHow and research .assistant at Harvard, and in-1959-60 G as'a Lee- watched through the linguistic
er in. the.' Department -of. English, University of Puerto Rico, disintegration of French creole.
t"iga Ute. ehbas traveledthrough most of the Antilles, particularly .It is of considerable interest to
'M.n.qu, ii the. social anthropologist to know
....u,- t o what semantic fields of English
I ,-." -. te .pt. ppenetrate first and are adopted
I -guage. studies in..the Carib- whim the project proposes to by Creole speakers; on thb other
6 :hia've so far been limited to tackle: .1) The theory of linguist- hand, the order of disintegration
ltreylinguistic analyses of the 'ic'creodzation is to be examined of Creole semantic categories
i of, languages,- dialects, in the light of the Creole 'langu- may -give some indication of what
x i tEeblizedr- vernacilars .in 'ages 'of the. area.. It is- hoped to aspects of his indigenous life and.
l ea. 'The research, project male contributions to the com- traditions -the ICreole speaker
lr i'lhh I amo'deaih.g ierq cept ofthe mixture of languages -'i r st surrenders. Development
"ie nof proposingg' to' neglect which ,continues to occupy theo- .schemes in agriculture and in-
wly.'.iglistic aspects of., the: wrists" n linguistic science all over dusy.-w"il be considerably im-
g~ .se'situql.ion..envisages ul-;'he .world. There is i great de- .peded not orly _by the linguistic
..tly th.e study, of sooiqlogie- igree of similarity of syntactical differentiation but,: also by atti
l cultural implications of tucture.in creolizel -forms. of tudes to the creole languages, at-
i'i~tatio '. 'French,-. English, .Spanish and .titudes which' .reject it as. back-
: ., "- Dutch in the' West Indies. Is it .ward; "ungrammatical patois'"
.:Caribbea .i ea has. wit- '*at syntax is that pait of the unable to serve as a vehicle for
|logc pologi -d.,a.-.cul- languQge of a group-'of speakers 'teaching agricultural and indus-
l miti'd a la'g ,cale for .vhich-best-withs.tan'4tlie in=ur, :trial- techniques:, 3) Finally, the
i papt .. re.. .,ui ..4.y:ers. slqns, of the language of: another., problems of -education are. inti-
d.anthropologists'and sociolo- dominant, group? It is probable lately bound up with'the lang-
[tiihave been'aftracted by this tiat there" is a greater number ruage. situation. In Dominica,- St.
""flating field for research..No of Africanims, in syntax than'-in Lucia,..- Haiti,. Martinique-- and'
empt-4ha. 'yqt- een didda to any -ottier aspect of West IndianGuadeloupe, these problem n-
-y 'other .Guadeloupe, these problems, can-
"..eg-i .thE uh C Creli mat'it- it s known that not be solved without a reor;en--
,ju .*..'-i.q,.: ..thoi tre-. Africanhmanguages, though widely station of pcial attitudes.' Pro-
l^&h ..'gnrdt qse inme.'. -, .divoergeprt- ,bav remarkahby, sim- jects'suiih 'as the UNESCO .pilot
S, "ilar"'. syntactical structures., -It project in .aiti'.in' 1947 are need-
wibeo necessaa9y-to carry. s. sals6.verfyintereptingo.'inves- ed in I miriica a.nd St. Lucia.
mplet.e ligustie. aial-. tigate whether tfe very -charac- .
Wtisguags. the area. lenstic phneties and phniinlb- I spent two and a-half mouths
~ fl otthioriias-al- ical structure of Creole languag- in St. Lucia in th.e Summer of
ibeen dneon ch ere- es. are-in. ny,. way answerable 1960 .to -initiate the research 'pro-
the LepubIt.;Hti (by to the speech habits of Africans. ject. I studied the social strai-
n) e;.'aiti. (by 2.1 The" extent tb whith language fication in-terns of verbal abil-
.fl .in nmnlca, differences- ivithin oe 'area ure ity, and social attitudes to the
r lad.(by. -Dougla .social aid Cultui'al' mtrkers, and-.use of Frenah creole. A question-
:6 Plul .Creaole. in the' implications for societal or naire.was sent out to Headnian--
;' ert.' ePageand gatizaiion,;. for' cultural a..nd so- terms an d Mistresses of all pri-
ssicS: a ond Spia6nish ci.a.qss.imi iati..;,and-d for. cor- iary schools, .sounding out the
%,$Hid-d- (by Wallace miunication,. cooperation, organ- .p ,valence of Creole in schools
... ': iatibn'and planning.Social-clihs s n playground: -the awareness.
the. ain .problems 'difftehc6ss in. verbal ability ib, a 'if .eaucationalr problems' posed by
''. *- ,-' ,'- : the conflict-pf .Creole ahd 'En-
:.. -glish: and the attitudes of te.ich-
,'.-,".":- *,.... e"tors the use of Creole in edu-
.2 -gation.


SUN''



iage


Son the label


I -


: ,
. '.,. .' -- .'


; *. ^. '..

.,- *' .
.. .., ; .. .; .



: '.' : ; i ;.*

._ --*'.- '.;.. : -.i-7::
,_ .';, ;. ::-*",-

*' "i ,'"* -" I


.- "."l.j -i "
'. 1'. .

-.I.: N. ...



:' 1 .


Served 'examsvm y at Ha'iti's e..ading
HOTS & RESTAURANT &BY COS SEhSURS
T H"O-;TtROHSoT TuHWgE ,wqI -


I


THE-EN.GL H..BASED
TREOLE. OF ANTIGUA .
Kar tReisman CENTRE D'ART NOTICE
This .,note is oi a -study of ithe .. -.
language kit atin in a villap.e T : ...
on -tht island of Antigua, W. r. Note To Art Connoisseurs ...
Mr. Alleyne has outlined a pro- The ENTRE D'ART is ope ALWA da
posal :or. an extensive study of from 9 am to 12:30 pm '
Caribbean. creoles in their .socal ..m 9 am to 12:30 pm
and cultural settings. This.-nay | from 2:30 pm to 5:00 p' ,..
b6 considered as. one intensive .
.study in- the. scheme he .has 'And Sundays by appointment -
drawn up. .
ILanguage as the fundamental: Permanent exhibition hang on the gallery4s. ednd, oe|
item of human culture is intina- and a current show hangs in the gallery'a'flrst floor .. "; -
tely involved in all the structures Persons wit n appreciation of art will be reward. |
:and -processes pf social and cul-
-tlarl dseseus. This areserdcl ed by visiting the Art Center.
p.sarb to explw.. .th~. invoh'c- FOUNDED IN 1944 Rundo la voival1
WoWW:JO J ....
"' ..... "'' '" "' .. .. ...... ..... ,," : ,' 3
.. -," -a. ..... .'-': '. '-/,-


Io pothe Season: -
"'.- :_,: ,. .: .. 4

SIi~q-Ight,.tI' Folkloi6'roupe the Vaine-

SHOW J46VERY `mIT AT MIDNIGHT '
C. MUSIC .
..TE C-ASINO. INTERNATIONAL -
..' -direct&d. by tht ,
e *e;sftlS d (j.TE S!a Dt-GE.-': -. -"
;'. 2 -,:M SCBY '


SUNDAY MAY 6th, 196&

ideas, values and al'itudes \vh'c'i in relation to language of thosAe
.fLirround and order, for the institutions, such as the schools,-L:
speakers, the complex pattcriis which claim or have influence'
of speech behavior in an Anti on the form and' role of language "
guan village. 2) to investigate in thq community. .4
the relationships of different s )-
cial settings and varying. soc"'a The theoretical basis for this
roles to the types and patterns study lies in conceptions of the
of speech used or appropriate. relations between language, cul-
3) to study the different functions ture and society put forth by"z-
of speech, the relation .of 'unc- Talcott. Parsons and Dell Hymes.
lion to conversational setting, The'above sketch is broad. In
and of speech variation to fune. practice the present field work
lion 4) to study the different re- concentrates on variations in-
soutrces, both linguistic and styl- speech between Antiguan (En-
istic, special speech styles and glish based) creole and "stand.
patterns of speaking, available ard" English, and such pattern-
to speakers in different situali- ed speech forms as women s
c(ns. 5) to learn the functioning (Continued on page 15)


'1-.. _







1AY MAY- 6tl' 196 "' H /


tELE-HAITI WEEKLY SCHEDULE
y' MAY 7th: TO MAY 13th, 1962


ay May 7th, 1662 -
-530pmMusical Program (Mire Tele-Halti)
5 55pri--Eenhig General Program Schedule & Weather Report
6:0godni-Let's Learn. English .
p:40po- dren's program
: OOpn.The. Whistler .-- .-
7 :30pm--Chldren's program (2nd part)
7 4pm,'Teleniews (1st edition) Review of the day's events
,.: Otpimn- e Ford Show, new series: .FURIE
30p&-The friend aof ybr home: Dr. Emerson Douyon
gopm-Te16eews (2nd- edition) Summary of the. late news, pre-
S* .. :sented. bythe Esso .Rqporter -
05pmn-Powell Industrial Works' weekly program: 'I Love Lucy"
:30pm--TV Concert ., .
:00pm-Close of program National Anthem "

ee s y lI8th 1f
|L3Opm-Musical program (le irTele-Hait)
;55pin-Evening General Program. Schedule
56Q: .pm-Let's Learn Engli s
35pm-_Weahper report .
:40pm-Chldren l 'iogra :
:OOpm-NPBBE &'ABONDEL presents: "My Three Sons"
:3pm-Children's .prog5 ar. & edition
-45pm-Telenews (ist edition R'Bview of the day's events
Opm i-A--1merie a 1 to you '
:30pip-Teiednema-nlist, part) *
pm-T- news' (2nd. .edition) Summary of the- late news, pre
seated by.,e Esso.Reorte -.
0p .,-Te.ecipena (Cont'd).
,pm-Close .of- program fNati:bnal Anthem- .

ednesday May 9thrl9bS ~
: a. nm-insical Progrei (.Mire 'ele-Haiti)
.55ipm-Evening Geneial Progran Schedule
:O(pm-Let's Learn E glsh
:35pm-Weathe report -
;40npm-CBildren's program: Cartoons .
i.m0pm-Dragnet, wit. J ack Webb -
:30pm-Childreh's program: Cartoons -
;45pEm--Telenews (1st edition) Reviewv, o the day's events-
):0pm-STATE TROOPER
::a30pn-Boulangerie La Poste presents a niew chapter of "Le
Comte-de ]ibnte .Christo"
;9:OOpm-Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of -the late news, pro-
sented by -the Esso Reporter
05pi-ALBUM TELr-HAITI
:35pti-Germany Today' -(DIcumentary)
:0opm--Close of -program National Anthem

ursday May 10th.r, 1"92
:.30pm-Musical P::rogram (Mire Tele-Haiti)
si5pm--Evening General Program Schedule
6:00pmi-Lets: Lea English
6: 5pm-Wehther, report
:40pm-Children's program .
:Opir-ICI INT'IERPOL (last week episode)
0pm-hildren's program (2nd. edition)
i:45pm-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the'. day's events
00pm-Western Theater with Bat Masterson, presented by. M
& S Construction Co.
:30pm-Telecinema .
:00pm-Telenews (2nd edition)t Summary of the late news, pre-
rented by the Esso Reporter
:05pm-Telecnenia (Cont'd)
.00pm--Close of program -' National Anth.m

.da, May 11th, 1962
0p --pm--Musical Program (Mire Tele-Haiti)
55pm--Evening.-General Program Schedule
00pm-Let's Learn English
351rpm-Weather report
;:40pm-Children's program ,
7:.00pi-Our. Miss Brooks
..pmnH;tre )lantine No. 2 -. -.
Ty '"


1i TI SUN'


7:45pm-Telenews (ist edition) Review of .the day's, events.
8:00pm--Sea Hunt : ... ,.
8. 30pm-- Le iwrmer des Mohicans presented by "Bahque Corn-
inm: ciale d Haiti" -
9: OOpni-Teleniews (2nd edition) Summary of the late news, pre4
sented by. the Esso Reporter ,
9:05pm--MTrderiboiselle de Paris
9:30prm-Gun Smoke "
10:00pm---Cos& of program National Anthem ..
Saturday May 12th, 1962 -
5:30pm-Musical Program (Mire Tele-Haiti) .
6:05pm-Let's Learn English Review of the. courses of the week'.
7:05pmr-Weather Report .
7:10pm'-Children's program Wells Fargo Tales & Cartoons'
.7:45pm--Telenews (1st edition'. Review of the -day's events
8:00pm-OUtR MISS BROOKS -
8:30pm-Pan American World Airways Program: Ici Interpol
9:00pm--Telenews (2nd edition) Sutm hary.of the late news, pre-
sented ly the'Esso Reporter -
9:05pm-German Actualities with Gerard Jolibois -
9:20pm-Tele-Sport -
10:OOpm--Close o program .-' National Anthem '
Sunday May. 13th, 1962
12:30pm-Musical program Mire Tele-Haiti
1:00pmA-Pogram Schedule
1:05pm--Widen-your knowledge
1:30pmrn-Childrenis piogtim .
2:00pm*-Tele-J4unal'
3: 00Opm-USA&'-rongram: DESTINATION DANGER:
S3:'30prP-Wagon Train- -
4.Oftpm--Clu' 5 --MOZAItT -
$:30pm-GUY LOMBARDO .' ... "
6: 00p .--End of program Naibnal Anthem.. ,



S oufu Pelgte Lak
-" ,, '


for any and all who wish to partake of the -beutfulf
<. goodness of a- peaceful vacation amidst the asu.
Soundings of nature's own greenery. :
S 38 Miles.From Port au Prince
HUNTING ............. FISHING
SWIMMING ...... RECREATION -
] BUNGALOW .... .... RESTAURANT
WATER SKI .... ... ..... RELAXED
Fo- your reservation,_eall up In ODVA Radio-Station at
PORT AU PRINCE
S Corner Rue iu Centre and des Cears ".
.,. v ,


5;


'LUNCH, DINE-.HA
: "' '- "
Excellent tiobiter-. Dile tf
A I PEOIA TY

By ,lieH Sea-SideW

KY&N BE

K .Y-O A N:- EAjt


Swim, Spea..fish, S..
Water-Ski And SaiS ""

., rom N KYQSA
E .DPSEA- HINIHN
E .. ..'- .




M. V. HAIITI ,-EC ..
PERSONALLY UP-vI^i6A

LOADIIW4 AND

BEERE HAmi AND FLORID
A. --.-
Sforthnightly sailing da
Miami-Port au Prlaee-Mmut
MIAMI DRESS: *
"_. "_,Erankl.a 0- 7 ..: '

Tele hone: Bighlaiad7






A wiNC_-H '7




Agents. -.. .-;:-. ;

JOSEPH NADAL -;.
-.: :. ..,. .. : b
.. ": .. .. '. -JtC '
."' :..... ... .-:' ,7 ,,.'".. --
!'f t;.: ..: ,j...-,.,,


' Haiti's "Gingerbread Palace" and famed hostelery the Grand Hotel Oloffson, show place on.

Haitian architecture, exquisite cuisine and contented living. Set amongst a myriad of tropical hW frees
../,., .

and gardens the OloffSoe, complete with miniature pool, is the haven for thejuninlblted.., ;....
*- .. +. .. --, 4.- --'. -!. ; -,,:. w.; .. .2


- A A -
*~* A
.


, L ..... .. .. .









?ji ~ oie m qui hi jo fra rtin elisn b vi a e -- H in the71 prc in a, le sh i bT`-i d bld? d t on
ticle 120 Isbdasfie is I work,-the Upo hat, ,s "xedite ineveil onea a ontcrrsonigto1 dy wr. on
qutopt ix 'clck tndh eve and6 o'loc 1 te mrisig Te nnal eavecanbe dvidd by12 n cae o intrrution Artcle 86.The nalies -ovded orhallbe pplid b
?Q Io -h El q vll s ent le t- --ff -e -w t -t l ,;- ,--et il s o-ry I~i H i m ss l o r.;fi t o -1 ". o k r f r a y s e i l r a o r b n l o L b u a c r i g t h r c d r r v d d t

rnest ,vrl .e on ., "r -okly I nlkth funshd C A TE
1or1 I ` m'1e, ca dt Tby pu nCC OU,-Y-,, r" Ira round IIC -, h ~iu in .{ egf ,~ut S ". I I I
,n ro `y accid t, "e has !i i ,l -r -- -g M -sm Mn-s e f b il i g m te i l e c th n u l e v o w ns h t ev r m y e is e o i ato 1h1ad f c
-tpoid ,h ",lil T ,r I tipulT Im o e ,h fals he ',,d ',- wok shall b ,ac ltdd tbo basis oI ru n e o- wok "ting .: ,h -.u.raio a, ,an ,ha Ia ;e lu t -n K : 11 ,, 1 ',, f ,,K I III -1 '
t" -t on accolmof h, ,a u ,f T" ,te whid if th ,"I 1, -r ,hll Ic si Ir v- -n diiys ,n hIv be -u n sh d In l d n Iu d y a-n h l a s a d fx d b g e m n rl w w ih a e d e n vru
1,l ly I Ie ,e h r tt c "w er ,h T h Tio of w a .i e o -y ai M us a s- Ia -p Ii i i i -h b y -O ,i .. I a ctI 1 I ,e e :t id id 1 ,t rt r d
-y If -I''iti v -a a e t, th w hl o a e aw t 5 e c n r:e w a y pr d d e o 14n hi a c l ti n s al b c r i d u i r e o e e m n he A t c e1i. A y m n al o n e le t a a o re h b n

wea 01- "te Ie Ia/ On I T~ "Ia 11 days "h l -o Up taeit ,cout Ir l F3 h mnm, via 1.ar ,Iul ,)r iper.iod, I
mt li post n'd -d t, 7as 1tv 1 ncu -o (1 th noi, i -a k~h co tr I wor ,a bee Irk n r-ea I in re s in Ih cos oI Iiin Im u n 10 pI-e
1z ~ ~ ~ ~ o o i ,wot and -,t n- -j I -e ,n l 1t o1s Ieto H i Ior duIn 11 1io .f on .-, a 1--I- 1- -- --
j I 1,T I j j~~ of T h e r s n aj A, I2 h Im lo e -ha :h l isk -i o -9 e ,o -o Th Ia ar 1. -e I- Iy tim ,mnt .h In in gh w -I -,1 T ,eI"ek, j -,--- :: 7-.
"~~~~~~~~~~mn -h ,eip se fo Ii -ea -eve jv- ,f th- wo i, we Ior eihe Iu the ,ak t" It ,I1 ,, I -I 1 ,
Ih -i~ e i o th ,oie t an ,n tttto ,tr pa -n is -0 be ,x q td~ usd th in t o ,h l jo be I on-, jh jaar ,h l -e I Kn or -h form .I -,, I-I


of~." "rii l 0 som Iesre Ia be tqke .. ,, 1 ,s .nite o i u-, a 1 y calcucolleted, .sal be ea h ntin e r aed
'L whe neesr -om _aerte of pe oi ould bt fwxed laccordingfldl at th haw er covntn s foce 0 ite f h cnla %-
-,-d, i t,- -,e q la Io Ipca -eiie .d ,we, ,-edekI d .i he p ro f s e il a co n t t e D p rilen ,o a o r a d S

- ~~~~~~I n o -e ob a I ~a o f m ak h a t i l e te i s d u o r o n S u a s 2 a d f z s ~ a s J a t he a i d t a v s h o u l d 1 3 0 a d e d o 't h e r e ab y m e to n ed-.e i d n v e f t e e e o c t o i r g
risi I f e tt I0 4 Loo- .ff fo `ch Aril -3 .-- h Pmua USav ofno "La ou Edmlaed In th i
h o Id ,i ~ ,- Ih Ll I -t ,l c r i n s r e :u s d o n I w l -n Iit _s Ix r s La utI "


j ', L, ,, j I d 'M1 Ii -rs i ,o .-4 v1, I( s %v v ,i Artcl 18 he worker~ w c is entitled (o n toth sa nnu ale lf ffea eand n c s f r p tt o o h s of n e h p n li s p o i e
gl' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ W Ih ,h weekly _Ls Is -1 -e -i ti h L7 j --,rtificV a ie ri shul e gsigne byiie shal besia dobld ndth nsittin
s t a f f", t h. Jny a n 4f o o f ;1q th e h l oin s j oui to r r a ll i ne t h e p r c e i n a len e t s h a l h s n e .
in, jh 11 1.tu io o jt oth I It t bl p -7 jc si k te v ,a c )4 1, pg p to "i th ,dur- .o1,o, th I
an ote-a ip he Ia Iic Il d ,lbe -h i- ea e s o u u tv ,
I '. 1- -, -.,!,- I I I kece~~~~~~~~~~~~~~tivdl32-m~e-IT an aof ntcoripodiia n g pfitop15 datys w ork onth-Ie 1 L 1 I e I-' .- -.
---':-.~~ rI -, -o -l tv l ., ,o I p-vsin conan -n ,1 pntsn -h pe -e e -o Iai -leave;-fii 19 sL~ dit -l, nt O ecie



r eo'- -uid~ ,n st 4 t*irmr i t :"tiu is ti.keri; j f -'ay n:et e e br hrvry ua
-,, I .tract, tl f witheth u ice to to c) thc4-c+ salar reeenSivedl ynb -ee Monn .ach 1 L,2i caslo e 'fr ith e rrupationo e.3-Th ati prvie fof r shl be apledb
'L ,brr l")eh rsf --) .1~e ,n V-1%h ae6s ankdav -o matonlt aev 'a r-requaliti4s4thes

I~~~~r ,iba Lu I tel',LL ..k (prpstierand ;pd1 ev o vf r : QJeed -o hius -I I Lo
Yi-eg, proascppngn vrat4,c ha wit Aone`iclelg ,13. A. empoye thhe presen Code. hepojsos
r In tt Lit 'v r _rnk 'r -ev Lmra ~ v nfn s.1die d ra







AGt10 H AITI SUN 'SUNDAY MAY 6th, 19

S When it is impossible to get to other stores or senrvies, the DGT CACIOUE ISLAN
shall take appropriate measures so that the merchandise may o
a e. A Lab Vo be sold and the services furnished at fair and reasonable prices, "IBO BEACH"
:" .' -.- (Continued from page 9) or to protect the employees against any formula or unfair exploi- '
S' nation. ONLY 30 MINUTES
native sign tending to replace money. The employee is free to eROM PORT-AU-PRINCE
lebd his salary as he wants and whire .he wants. Article 147.-It is forbidden to the employer to-his representative, OM PORT-AU-PRINCE
1r'.cle 141.-By "Spalary in Kind", should be understood, exclu- or to any intermediate person, to deduct part of the employee's ENTRY (INCLUDING
Sely, the one: received by the worker or his family in the shape salary so that the latter may keep'his job,
odstus, lodgings, clothes and other articles destined-to, per- ROUND-TRIP -
dst igs, clothe and other articles destined per- Article 148.-Measures shall be taken in order to inform the
Ss d imnediate.use.. In agricultural or cattle breeding en- workers in an appropriate and easily understandable way about: BOAT .
-.isesrthe land given by the enmpldyer to the worker that should
a) the conditions of salaries which are applicable to thim.
Iqwed- and whose pitducts should be harvested,, shall nut be This should be done before the employee strts worg, TRANSPORTATION)
fI,"--- This should be done before the employee starts working,
l e m 1 i s a payment in kind. -
-- .- pay-nent in kind. and also before any changes can occur in the conditions ONLY $1.00
Pa- 'of'S i e agreed upon when the contract of work was signed;
Payment of Saes b) the elements representing their salary for the period of Children Cents -
payment, as far as those elements are liable to change.
Ilp'142.-The t fie ofsalary, payments shall be fixedi by mu- PrivateDresing Room
.agrment by the parties; however such payments cannot be Article 149.-The deductions made as a way to reimburse the WIte I and b ea
;ervnals longer than fifteen days for the manual workers and employer for any loss, damage, suffered by the employer in his
for intellectual workers. n be pro
.th for intelectual workers. : plants oor properties aie authorized only when it can be provided ...--
Scase.the salary consists of a sharing in the benefits coming that the loss or damage has been caused by the employee. .
(he sales or -if it is based on -the employer's profits,: a monthly The amount of these deductions shall be fixed ona common FOR RENT.:
n shall.be fixed as the salary of tJe employed which amount ~igreeent between the employer and the.- employee ad shall not -
bpwportionate- to his .needs 'and to- the amount of gains le higher than a quarter .of the monthly salary and should not in Furnished -or unfurnished- La--
idreturn to him -asa -liquidation of the whole business.lorner
.ateturn to h -im a oa.iu .dione1 of." the wole business ts total, exceed the real value of the damage or loss suffered by goe House, wonderfully stable.
lceonce year. Fra workdone thepiece and he e loer for Eabassy.
tLIldn sllould- l5st.:1-MIt~ lhan-a4 fortnight,- the dates of. employer.. .. .fEtbs -
n- .,uld l.st than fortnight. the dates of U -.Any discussion o.h this-subject shall be submitted as provided -
)m c~n be fixed by. nmtiuai:atemereit, but the Worker is 'i-, -- a l-."
cn fixed by_ a tg- ha. emest, but the worker is lot. by the Code as far as conflicts of work are concerned. 't -- R all_ mo I
t.Jtefere.tnoing- accounts -eve irtnight. and should be -o Article 150.-In the calculation of salaries to be paid for leave, Draw ig .- .iootmf spai"*
forgett atolws..e delivery o the work notices and 6bnus, as far, as employees to be paid:for eqch Svork Dining-Room and comfortable
:- --" de 'are concerned, the 1pllowing procedure should be adopted:. Verandah- large. Roof Ter-
4 Withoutprejuidices-.tpz'.e t ,povislons- contained- in thetot -f -gains made-or the'period of work, shall b divided rai& -- Land suitable kBi -
ap pthe ceding article the c plete ary bythe'-iumber ot days of work-Ior one month. ,The. amount thus- lTenmin-conrt -- a gie' J
be .a. ; .- loy"eeor._-eyerodof-pashe'. -, .- -..ofashlter.6. .cmi
S;bepai .e mpljeefrvery erodo paye obtained shill be considered as 'tbh average of salaries earned eo fablerseryants qc u e.'
ete salary s Vibuld bb u rniestood the-one-that is earned -._comfoia s n..
Seteesa s every d. The result, thus obtained, shall be multipuled by -the Phone: NoS. 416 3570.
normall days f work ind forbovettime: m' o t. b, .- -
144, e pit ha .e done at the.place where t h nber of days to-be paid. -
.%44'--T l'paympt: s ;be de .at. place'wher-the .. .... ..';--""+ ., .,,-- ,
eesare working arid only dn working days. The salary can- -ng .- -
in p di-srderlg places, in paces of amusements or 'i :
iolid l'-_ rv les such, lacesare-the ones t iae 51:-'-Tipphigs anact 0f liberality freely acceptedIt Yrt a
poas=..4 .orln. an-.also-lie considered'as an extia charge paid by the custnier 'of I S-le y higher c
..o ?.- .,, .,.,. : ... f a hotel, restaurant obr any other- institOtion. for. the, benefit -of. -coinmaicy,.w.l-.. .A;
e le .that adtancs mo ey to iseml~~e employees with whom-he entersin relation for the .services f eDgre6ioffer'.o s-
.--1..e -.y-by. mean. of deduction i succession, Ie obtij1m them. b. the .o -..1nre. ..:
"- -f m c the- "
one.-six, .-of he -ahout of-. contract -salaries Aitile 152.-- e, tip'cai e gven-direcy to the employee or .
th-eontrae oforkis Wor kn,,whelnth. guar- paid ii akdition-to the W il due. o -p -r
Jg b. event jven the worker are uiuffiilent -. .- .- .. ( n on .)
imn cas.allowd tp l nd :some money bearn -- .- -.
oyl ents o a. work to tti pice that is
'4 ,-'" .be volsididered.s .an advance. payment. "
o ..-,. of .i.
A-A
^ Ub.Whezn.*fthin.,-.the' franie -M enterprise, are" esta- .-*.* UuXI J E a t
artsips. iterestedm. sthe sales of goods to.. the em- .-- -
-------------
...inlenai' them. s'e-.eibney, no coercion shall be -' '"'
!e"op -ino r o e fo force him .to use these ia a -. -ARE FOR HAITI .
.. :" One Claus

--..--.- .- :NEW, YORK PORT-AU-PRINCE-. (DEPART ..
EVERY -FRIDAY):

-A. ." SHIPS (12 PASSENGERS)- $135 -ALL YEAR ,

COMBO-SHIPS (52 PASSENGERS) FROM $155 .

o = PORT AU PRINCE NEW YORK (DEPART, RY SUNDAY)

,.PH....,. Y- .LUXURY SHIPS: SANTA ROSA SANTA PAULA-. '
W .. 4 300 PASSENGERS FARE FROM $195.00.

*-e* ****."* -* FOR INFORMATION
QIHNNIE WALKER,'

'Jtioseph Nadal & Co
S ..... -. ".. -- -. OR O-TRAVEL.AGEN
YO -R,- 'G1~, JJ







IM A MAY,.,1Q.2 '' A .,I -$ N.


-NOnTC'T -' DUVALIER LABOR CODE '
S"- -.. Goied 'from page-10) a
ylenw A surplus pdidJi, 'the customer may be considered as a Up. fi
"_..-. re i" "tS...rl ot. A'e' 153 "The tlif ifter- having, been ;cashed by the employer, D
-' '. ON. represents as in the'case fori the salary, a credit on the employee's -
accolt aand may-be claimed by i.im by' the same procedures:
.. ., Articld 154.-:-The employer is obliged, to declare the recei.ion
adbi kte.Wo ust.be,.will- uofatip-arid its handing it to his staff. -
.ing to'undergO a period' of train- A'rticle 155.--In the absence of a collective 'agieemenrt, the. D.GT ,t
ing overs aM be fluent u) after having consulted the trade -unions shall determine by -ro- h,
French, Creole and. EnglisIr -
should possessthe following qua fessiona' categories, how the employer must declare the conditions .n
icaflons: in which the'tips that have been received by the employer shil-U .
S b. controlled by the -representatives. of the employees -and how e
-.A)-Excellent ,organizing- bil the total amotidt shall be shared between the employees. of
-- Article 156.--The employer who refuses to cash a tip, .shall owe -
SB)-.Engieering: Background it to his employees. "
D)-Indqstal :exfaience : Article 157.-No deduction shall be -made by the employer at any
E)'Zbiliy -oi;-laridle "and; su title on the total amount. of the tip for his own benefit or for that of
S.' pe.Isllabor. ... .. i.the concern,, or the employee who fills the position of dirdetor
S- .. or administrator.' ."
.4,Appilbatlotis --and curriculum Article 158.-The whole amount of tipping,.ball be handed to the
;'$t sh~ould be-subniutted' in En-
h giving full details and employees,, that have a. right to-.it. By complete tipping should be
h giving full. details and t h i t l b i efii-- to
ames of two .references to P.O. understood the whole amount-cashed' under this title by- the em- o
Bo, 433 Port .au Prince.. ployer, .., .. -- .- ...


:- ..- .. ." ,' .:
.r a:







1 :, .'*, .I" ;I,.': --. -- .- .. .... .






... ., .. ; ..? _-- .-, .. ... O


-T F W 0 9 _- -








ore rower, Better- Fiaitures, Bigger -Production
. ..- .. .. .


.new Series D Cat D7 Tractor is bigger,
ivier, more powerful to push and pull bigger
ds, operate more efficiently and give better
vice than ever before.
New 140 HP Turbocharged Cat Diesel
sine is designed specifically for heavy-duty
l delivers more horsepower with efficient
360 fuel Lugging ability is increased
er former model D7 Dry-type air
ier removes at least 99.8% of all air-borne


dirt from engine intake air Pressure lubri
cated transmission assures perfect lubrication *
Final drive gears are extra strong for longer
life Lifetime lubricated rollers and idlers
need no lubrication until rebuilding Straight,
angle and Cyrodozer bulldozer blades, Low-
bowl Scrapers and other matched tools are
available for the new D7.
Have your Caterpillar Dealer give you all the
facts about the new Cat D7 Tractor,


V CATERPILLAR
HAYTIAN TRACTOR & EQUIPMENT Co. S. A.

5 ... ari'e 'Bomefil, Manager Chancerelles
., 5 k;\ .' ," C '-': 'P, '" -


Article 159.-The time to pay the lips shall be fixedk&
agreement between the parties, aid the delay. should-nO
ifteeni days.' .-
-On" Annual Additional Salaries or Bon'" (':
Article 10O.-Between 'the 23rd. of frecekmber and'e.1 ,A
eeember of each year, all employes are coj spelled to
niployees an annual and additional' salary or "Bonus." -
Article 161.-That salary or Bonus -should not be .infeHor.rto
'elyeth part of-the salaries received W'the- emjlgyeestau
c year whether that salary was -pad in mo"ey or in nature
g, commission, tipping. : .
Article 162.--In. case the-contract iS cancelled,- the-: employ
'titled apart from the .salarieK wlich are owed to uin
the provisions of the present ;Code,.".to l-se"fractin of iie4
alary owed to-him as a-Bonus : :-.
Article 163.-The annual additional salary ;or Bonus of any
oyee, shall be calculated in function of the-numberWo ni6
service furnished in the course 6f th'e yea. .'
.-On General. Dispositions. -
"' 'm ....... 'the" "- ..... .- "'. ri.': ;
Article 164.-The employer, that shall: infringe the p:'Pvis
.e present- article,-shall 6e liable to a fine-yaryIng from
. 500:00 for-each infringement to be determined by. theAT b
.Labour, this without any. prejudice to the damages, to be "lA
y the employee The fine shall'.,be .put- a the crediac
e. Department pf,Work and,Social Welfare in view 'of thdtd.
ient of the. Department's program of "'Workers' Ediaftion
In' case of repetitiorn of the dffencb, the fine shalll Nib
nd the employer condemned to 1. to 3 months: inprisopi nt
Article.165.-AU the employer's real estates shal'-be encH kl
ith -. a. mortgage- to the credit. bf the '!employee toAi-te
i all salaries of the like due to him, after all attempts -ad
be DGT to reach an agreement ha failed and a corid
delivered by the Tribunal of Work.'More -ever,"the,; t-e.:i""O
s -and- the likes is a privilege -one upon the. employer'siprpT
as, according-to the-.provisions of-the Civl- Code,'on privile.
mortgages. '.. ,. -
Article 166.-Thieextincye prescription.,for the payment fd
ilary is regulated byarticle 2036 andfthe. fo lowing ones oft
ivil .Code. -.-
(Td be- conlnueCon next E

Caribbean Construction Co. 4

Builders Of The Military City2
*. '- -. .. .. '.. .- .' ....
Gen. Manager: Gerard THIEAR

Phone:: 3955. P. O. BO 284


.o- "



4". ..A:" r"
I .'i -'ft ^ 1 -


LA
ESSO STANDARD OIL S.A. (Liuitedi.

VOUS OFFRE -

LA GASOLINE ESSO

PREMIERE EN PUISSANCE! -
PREMIERE EN ECONOMIC: 1

GASOLINE ESSO|I- "
DE QUALITY SUPERIBTRE-

VOYEZ VOTRE ::
DISTRIBUTEUR ESSO.!


' :








I'HAITI SUN''


hAVEMEN-Man has striven to
pe.flect a system of visual. com-
t aunications since before the
dawn of history. Evidence .fias
e':been found that cavemen' made
'-.crude. drawings-on rock walls to
recordd the events of their lives,
such- as exploits in the hunt.
other drawings conveyed mess-
es concerning d is as t e r s...
lods and fire.


STONE TABLETS Once man
had ,devised characters, so that
he could form words, he gradi-
ated from wall paintings to con-
vey his messages. He still d d
not have a simple way to record
his messages however.. The list
writings were executed on stole
tablets which, while permane it,
had to be laboriously chiseled
out. ,, .


PRINTING PRESS The inven-
tion of paper -by the Chinese in
the second century aided great-
ly in visual communications.
However, until Gutenberg inven-
ted the printing press late in the
15th century, th6re was no meth-
od of mass communications.
Even: Gutenberg's invention, im-
portant as it was, provided only
printed material.


pa racticay all letter the machine age, en-al over of pioneer ancestry, Christopher
rt ndefice was executed by the 'world had dreamed of an Sholes knew uIhe printing atad
li opy'ts Although the.. e inve itionq-that would speed up newspaper business thoroughly,
remnansrhip made these let- letter writing and',otiher forhisof. lie.leifted a number of papers
-.



s bea .It" was 'still slw' correspondence. h'e re w ere aid held government jobs -bd
...,ty .ien .a moderate- many attempts. to. replace. the fore lie seriously began to .iork
,-siness. needed several per- Pen with suchin madhing, but d all at being an inventor. One of his
,i o ..arry on this .work if o- them failed. .Man seemed first projects' was to construct a
iedgles.were to.b..kep :. doomed .to, handwrittenn messag- machine to number books scri-


-I J
i n -. ... ...ir~ ... ,,'.. .,:.- -


NERS About 1864 Sholes NEW ifiEA --Glidden suggested WORK-Sholes plunged into the
Y..mchmiist -friend, Samuel to. Slinles that since he had.heen wdr!; of building a letter printing
w.ent in Iiartnership. Somcic- successful with the numwibrinig machine. He- studied the ut-
ft-er hey. took in another .machine it. would be a good -idea temlts other inventors had made
t'arIos Gliflden. ThQ ,hie6: to' turn .his- talents to trying to so that he could..avoid their .mis-
Bismall .macdtiie-. shop in perfect a letter printing machine. -taket. He made careful plans he-
.y arrived :otd tteir e.- The idea appealed to -Sholes.and [ore beginning ,actual construct-
3t. inehaldig -the. success- the. more he thought- abo(t the ion. Shbles. became so engrossed
SPnfio."n: 4Qhe mpacnine neea- for such a- machine, the. in his. work.., that..he devoted the
. l s'.ly,.., mare excited' he'became.. rest, Sot s., to It.
: ; '.- ',,,' : =:--'..z. : : =, ... ='..:'2=5 ". tiue on-.~~o :13) .


LATIN NEED FOR TRADE


(Continued from page 1)
that the Alliance, or Uncle Sam,
should help to stabilize the coffee
prices back to the truly sensa-
tional 1954 levels.
Thus it is recalled that the
price of Colombian coffee reach-
ed 91 cents a pound and that of
the Brazilian santos tyle coffee
78.7 cents on the New York.
market in 1954,, as a result of
an artificial price raising oper-
ation by Brazil.

The movement of resistance
by American consumers aid-the
wild new plantings, by Latin
American and African producers
Finally broke the price. With the
present world surplus of filty
million bags, the Colombian andm
the Brazilian prices are respect-
ively- 42.6 cents and 34 cents.
* The growing feeling here is.


therefore, that while the Allian-.
ce does what it can to stabilized
the coffee prices at the present"
levels -wh'ch is the best thIt.'.
can be don(e- it is the -respon-;I
sibility of the producing coun4a.
tries to cut plantings and diveJ-.'.
sify the economy. .i

Though the United Sta'tes is 4
willing to help Latin American-
exports and to finance diversifi-4
cation policies, many officials
feel that The hemisphere prob-
lem of trade will be lessened if
new -efforts are made to in-
c re a s e conrmercial exchanges
among the Latih American coun-
tries, il better production andl J
merchandising te'chniquesf are '
employed and if. above all. La-
tin America- takes a more real-:-"
istic look'at the-real value of her -
iaw materials.


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UNDAY MAY 6th, 19i6


-, Sr
,.tl
?AGICIa


''HAITI SUN'"


CARIBBEAN LANGUAGE STUDY
.(Continued from page 6). with large amounts of behavior
using and 'children's .speech. "free" and unaccounted for, and
uch settings are sampled as with considerable conflict bel
an: be reached by portable tape ween the systems. How we di
recorder. Particular attention is our analysis raises interesting
being paid to item above: the theoretical problems.
values and ideas in terms of Third, we wish to ask what as
which people order and under- pects or levels of language vary
d their speech behavior, in response to different social
:The study is also directly caa- and cultural situations, and what
rned with language itself. An- aspects remain firm. Widespread
Skuans.-- have been subjected to lexical substitution' in ah indi-.'i
;usually'long and heavy domi- dual's speech is known to placo
tion. As a result the creole in the far east in response to so
guage forms which in some cial status. We all make some
s of the Caribbean area per- phonetic and lexical adjustments
all language functions are How far can or does this pro-
re restricted to informal or cess go? What parts of Antiguar
pressive use, and all Kinds creole speech hold out, and why?
id amounts of variation bet- -As research begins to answer
een the English based creole some of these questions we
*d the school learned "stand- should be able to see more deep-
'ard" take place. We are concern- ly into the nature of the Carib-
d, first, with finding- criteria bean creoles. We may hope to
r isolating the creole -whether see some of the relations bet-
cial or linguistic- permitting ween social and linguistic fact-
to subject it to standard lin- ors in deterrpining their history
'stic analysis. Second, we are and -future. Finally from a study
cerned with recording the va- of the situation of Antiguan cre-
ons and with attempting to ole we may get some ideas about
ernm-ne the relations among the sources of West Indian cul-
a:--How are the relations bet- ture not only in Africa or En-
these variants to be aralyz- gland or France, but also i
Ant guans usually identify slavery. The argument between
-ktheir speech as belonging to Herskovits and the "structural-
-language, and conceptual ap- ists" has so far conceived of the
tus: ..for distinguishing the influence of slavery in social-
s is i'arely. conscious and economic terms. While I don't
at all formalized.' (It -is-im, wish to argue against African
ssible to get an Antiguan to cultural inheritances there is evr-
ch you creole, something a dence .in Antigua that slavery
S-rtiniquan will do at the drop has had some very fundamental
a hat.) Yet there is clear in- relations, not merely to social
t cference:.ltwie er.t6e phouliew structure but to values, language
'ttems of pu t." creole arid -and other symbolic behavior as
standard" Flglish. We seem to well. This is only to be expected,
.b- dealing Wffth something like for the Caribbean creoles are
.eximstent phonemic systems; hut the product'of the slave system.



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(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 12),





lu-


SUCCESS-In 1868 Sholes and
his two partners were granted a
patent on a letter printing mach-
ine, which came to be known as
a typewriter. Although the ma-.
chine was practical, it did hava
shortcomings, which Sholes over-
came over the years. The type-
writetr ushered in a new er- in
business writing practices.


~Lti7-r


SALES-At first people were re-
luctant to accept Sholes' typo-
writer. Salesmen demonstrated it
all over the country. It is said
that in order to convince people
it was simple to operate the first
row, of keys were arranged so
that the word "typewriter" could
be spelled out from them. The
keyboard is still that way. .


ACCEPTANCE--Within a mrlati- DEVELOPMENTS Christopher
vely short Lime the rooms full,Sholes died in 1890. He had made


of copyists were replaced hy
rooms full of typists as industry'
came to realize .,hat an excell-
ent tool the typewriter was. Nowv
it was possible to turn out neat
correspondence, with carbon co-
pies, quickly and easily It prov-
ed equally useful in other fields.


BUSINESS MACHINES-The in-
vention of the typewriter gave
rise to the development 'f :mn
entire complex of business ma-
chines. Many of these were bas-
ed on the typewriter keyboard
and the mechanical principles of
the typewriter. They were all in-
finitely more complicated than a
typewriter and constructed to
perform specific and specialized


many improvements in his 'ori-.
ginal typewriter during his life-
time and after his death olter
men took up !he work. T-d,aiy
the typewriter is one of thN most
efficient business tools knowIn.
Thrre are over 500 different key-
boards available for special i ur-
poses.


duties. Among the first such rmu-
chines to be developed was a bil-
ling rpachine. This combined the
typewriter with an adding and
calculating machine, thus pro'.i-
ding a fast, accurate metlb d of
preparing bills. Today elertroii-
ic "brains" have been develop-


MARK TWAIN-The typewriter'
finally began to gain acceptance..'-.
with business mien, newspapers--,. '
and writers. Once these people:.
realized the way it speeded wheir.C!
%work' they grew enthusiastic.&.,|
aboat it. One of the first writers '7'?
to use it was Mark Twain. re-..-
membered for his stories about x'i
Mississippi River life.









-N t










TELETYPE--An outgrowth of ,'
the typewriter, the teletype, has
speeded the dissemination of
ne\\s immeasurably. Before its
development news was sent from:
the central bureau to newspapers
by use of Morse code. Now the
teletype transmits neatly-typed'
copy to the receiver located in
the various newspaper offices.
..:!i'


IMPACT-The impact of the
typewriter on. civilization was ns
great as the discovery of uen
; nd ink had been centuries be,.
fore. All forms of commnica
tion were benefited and jIun's .',r
tasks were eased. Christopher '
Shnlps. who suliprr~dd e 'whproen


ed to replace many book-keeping many others had failed, made a
and clerical operations, signal contribution to all people.
(THE END) .


,. .. .-- t




-,:r =....'. .. .- -.. -. *



k'



We Asked


Who Ow

Dependability is one of Land Rover is. That'
pite most desirable charac- drives one.
gtersfies a in a man or a ma- Bishop Voegeli of th
hine. It implies honesty Church uses a Land-R
ad capability. And that is around the country
e characteristic of the kind of work he and
,Land-Rover most praised men must do.. Depend
Uy the men-and women who what they need and ti
jWn them; the Land-Rover gives
Srands of mercy cam
; In Haiti Land-Rovers are driv- gotten because the
i/by many people. All of them rough. Rough going is
.nwse their vehicles for hard work, Rovers overcome -
rfrequently under bad or even
ragerous conditions, and that isRover for yeas in th
,i.hen dependability counts theft the cou
,most All of I those people claim pe sntesor co
~it is why they drive Land-Ro- oresentalives for Co
olive. Deliveries of sl
,go through -regardl,


;Oter .Joan Margaret of St. ,,u w r coa ns
theent's School for Handicapped 1and-Rover gets there any-
hldren,- who has been using a where, under all conditions- you
kn d-R o ver for years, just can depend on it.
qbtugt a new one. That speaks
r itself. Sister Joan has uced Nadal & Co. uses a Land-Ro-
r Land-Rover to go into all ver for the same kind of work,
rs.t of the country, 'under the over the same roads under sim-
i .os -trying conditions. helping lar conditions for deliveries of
s76e, who can't help themselves, merchandise for the firms they
.er .vehicle for -hauling supplies represent. It has to be depend-
c...niedicine to the needy, and able, and it is.
t sporting the sick, lame Dr. ,Rhindal Assad used his
lt JWUST be dependable. Land-Rover to reach the South,
oie~tfore o o o o oo


''HAITI SUN''


The Men


a Them

s- why 'she which for so long has had nearly
impassable roads, with floors,
e Episcopal wash-outs, etc. His Land Rover
.over to get is dependable, under all chndi-
doing the tions. Dr. Assad manages to
his church- 'ook" as if he were driving a
ndability is chariot instead of a real work
hat is what vehiclee but that is beside the
them. Er- point.
not he for- And so goes Land-Rover .-any-
going gets where and' everywhere-- with
what Land peoplee who know they can de-
dependably I '>end on if, who must depend up-
ged a Land- on it, and frequently where life
eir work in and limb depend upon it.
rntry as re- Ask the man who owns one -
Igate-Palm- there's no better endorsement.
stocks must Ask AUTO, S.A., 360 Ave Jpan-
ess of the Jacques Dessalines- for parts
A i -I -. -__ -


and service too. I


FIRST AMERICAN
GOVT. SERVICE WA
Historical Footnote to Presid
ent Kennedy's proposal to ap
point a Negro, Robert Weaver
to his Cabinet as Secretary ofa
new Department of Urban A-
fairs.

First person of acknowledge
Negro blood to be appointed- t
a Federal office was Frederic'
Douglas, born 145 years ago to
morrow (2-14-1817), whose par
ents were a white man and' Hat
Kiet Bdiley, a half-Negress. -h
mother was a slave on the plan
station of Edward Lloyd in Tal
hot County, Md.

The growing boy was befriend
ed by the daughter of the plan
station overseer and she taugh
Frederick reading and writing
He chose his last name, adding
an "s". after reading of the Red
and Black Douglases in .Scott's
Lady of the Lake.


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SUNDAY MAY 6fh, 1962'


N NEGROS IN U.S.
AS ENVOY TO HAITI r
I. When 21, he ran away from hi
j- owner, found work at a shi
r, yard, and a-safe haven in Neq
a Bedford, Mass., where he came
f- to the attention of New England's
rising abolitionist societies. The
mulatto's impassioned speecl'es
d against slavery electrifed audi-
o ences and made him Icnrw/r,
k throughout the North. He was
. credited with doing more than
r- any other individual to arose
- feeling that made Harriet ee-
2 cher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabln
a historical bestseller. Lncolnrin-
vited him to the White House -
tIle first Negro to be a Presid-
ential guest.
]-
. After the war, bouglass_ was
t appointed to the governing coun-
Scii of the District of Columbia
%where subsequently he was a
g Federal marshal. In 1872, he was
Vice Presidential norlinee on the
Equal Rights party ticket against
U.S. Grant.

In 1888. he received several
' votes in-the..Republican Presid-
e'n t i a l nominating convention.
,The following year Douglass was
made Minister to Haiti, a post
lield previously by a Negro, E.
D. Bassett of Pennsylvania. A
Negro, J. M.' Turner of Missou-
ri, had been appointed Minister
to Liberia, the first African re-
public, in 1872.
-A lN -^2S.


AN Am Alm A "IN A.: AL


vach 01








Y MAY 6th, 1962


the Telediol


-Lohis Griswold calls David Youi, the "intellectual bouncer"
Georgette's... because he talks the customers out'of it. -Last
urdt morning's eye-opener was the sight of that tourist car
;h had been.driven right up on the pavement at Russo Freres'
It collected quite a crowd of sidewalk superintendents. -The
ali'is also where .the Carnival Show seems to be doing most
Sb ss, although they did pick up over last weekend utter
g $. a..night because of rain. -CObl. Heinl's recently pub-
paphlet, which ranks embassy staff members about knee-
to ak grasshopper, is collecting him nothing but cold should-
-I'd like to ask you, Dick Fleet, where did you fall asleep
st Saturday's party? Was it comfortable? -Jim Moran! Why
t you :stop hitting yourself over the head with a blackjack'
fou? -I'm livin' and learning' just heard that Gonaives is
of, date palms; so many,. in fact, 'that the. better residEndiai
ton is called -:'Nan Date'. Mr. 'Lee, have you ever considered
ping them to-the U.S.? And why aren't they on sale hi Port
1Prince? Or is that something else I have tp learn? -Love that
y of the lady who went to the P.O. to ask how to go about
sterin'g a change of address, and did they have a way to do
her mail would now go to the new address. She was told.
ys... write to"all ydur friends afi6 give then your new street
number! That's the simplest w'y I can think of doing it, at
-All traffic comes to a halt on the Bouleyard in frodt of,
Carnival these nights, when Sol Solomon does the high dive.
missed the Flower Day parade but am told that it was :reat
very well organized.. Unfortunately, I had to work at home
a change. -Mary Espere returned to Florida last Thursday
inload a piece of property. I'm. getting awfully tired of being
r) for.-her-.oldpr sister,. even thp' I will miss her. --Wouldn't
e nicer to work thru until 2 o'clock, instead of closing at four?
hours for lunch.and two hours back at work seems like a
te of time. -This week's holidays had everybody mixed up.
sday seemed like Monday and Friday felt like Tuesday but
God it wasn't... 'and the week had three Sundays, seemingly.
ie Dick Abbott's house will 'be available for rent when they
e somebody will be' lucky. -Al Picard picked himself up
parking ticket last week. Guess where... In the intersection of
island on the Boul' in front of the Carnival Show, he and
)ut five others! Such activity! -Marie Thomas had a birthday
y.lst that's a date her friends can't easily forget. Belated
agratulations! -Heard a chauffeur-guide ask Joe Noustas where
eenan" Scotch could be bought. It finally dawned on Joe. that
i guy ,meant "Queen Anne"! But who wants Q. A. scotch, any-
W? In, fact, who wants scotch? Make mine Barbancourt every
e... Rhum sou'roche, anyone? -Well, the rains are back again,
.4ewhat, and the open ditch in front of -my hbuse in Martissant
'gradually filling up by itself. The big drain pipes which were
Imposed to have been installed have all disappeared too. Out of
ee entrances, only one is usable aMid I except that, to collapse
y day. Won't -the Dep't., pf Public Works have. a little mercy,
se? KAY MAJOR
[i.
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.' A I T I SUNI '


FOR MAY 22ND:

Conversations With

Prefects, Deputies And


Military Commandants

The preparations for the pop-
u'ar concentration of May 22nd
in the capital, when from all the
OLovinces of the "arriere-pnys"
thousands of partisans and ad-
mirers of the Chief of State, will
flock in an atmosphere of effi-
cient serenity.
The executive committee for-
ined of three ministers, Deputy
Luckner Cambronne, Lt-Colonels
Gracia Jacques and Claude Ray-
mond and Journalist Gerard
Daumep is at the important
phase of contacts with all those
who will have to play an im-
portant and decisive role in the
event. .

So yesterday at 10 AM, Col.
Claude Raymond and Deputy
Cambronnd met with the owners
of motor-boats and sailboats and
with Deputy Kersaint .of Bira-
.ieres. This is to set the bases
of the trip to the Capital of our
compatriotes. of the Grand'Anse
and Nippes. Yesterday after-
noon, at 3, they met with the
Prefect of Port au Prince and
the Community magistrates of
the capital, Kenscoff, Petionvil-
le, Croix 'des Bouquets. Gan-
thier, Thomazeau.

Thursday at 10 AM they will
meet with. the. prefects of St.
Marc aid Petite Riviere de o'Ar-
tibonite as well as with the di-
rectors of ODVA. At 11, with
the prefects 'of Leogane, Petit-
Goave. At 3:30 PM, the same
day, they will meet with the di-
rectors of Pote Cole, the pre-
fects of.Limbe, Cap, Fort Tiher-
te, and the commandant of the
Military y Department of the
North.
Friday at 10 AM\!, conversa-
tions are scheduled with the
iprefect of Jacmel, Ing. Roger
Beauvoir, Deputies Andre Simon
and Fritz Moise, at 3:30 PM,
they will meet with the Prefect
of Jeremie and the Commandant
of the Coast Guard of Haiti. Co-
lohel Jacques Laroche.
"Le Matin May 1st, 2nd. 3rd.
196I.


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Petionville Highsc


(Continued from page 1) .
news, spread through .the town,
bringing excitement to everyone,
for without having the key to the
season for the convocation-'t had
-ermed in the minds of the res-
dents the idea that-at the Town
council \n a meeting with the
directors of MRN, they were go-
ng to baptize the Lyceum of
their dreams.


Yesterday morning, thus, this
largee gathering at the Town Hall
omewhat surprised the MRN
coordonator, Mr. Luckner Cam-
,ronne, for it is the ifrst time,
e confessed after the meeting,
hat he found himself before.
peoplee of all stratas of society
o enthusiastic for a plan of
construction of a public ut;ity.
We might as well say that he
.vas at ease to talk the language
of truth and to officially reveal
to the residents in the name of
His Excellency President Duva-
lier, the concretization of his
electoral promise of 1957.

Petionville Highschool
In Six Months
After thanking his compatriots
for their eagerness of the day
and leaving their occupations, he
directed, iit detail the construct-
ive philosophy of the MRN and
its realization in all fields. "The
realization of this Lyceum. he
went on, is in part left -to you,
for -the institution will' be yours,
and will be the sanctuary of
your children, I have not come-
here to ask you for money. I
have come to propose to yuu
help for the MRN will nol be
able to do anything without your


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PAGE 16 '


hool In 6 Months


help which may come in all
forms: material, moral, financial
etc. My experience of over a.
year at the MRN authorizes me
to foresee that with your help
the Lyceum of Petionville will
be a reality in six months. The -i-!
MRN is thus leaving to ydu the.'.
initiative to materialize thIs,' ."
help, through the means and ..
ways that you will judge must
appropriate." --" I
Thus, the plebiscite for th1 Ly-
ceum of Petionville was made.
Applause covered the last ivords
of the coordinator. All those pre. '"
sent left the impression that they ''
were only waiting for this re- .-
quest of the public powers to sig-
nify their adhesion and promise "Pj^
the help whiohwe said last week
would be large in Petionvitle.
Then there were exchanges of
views between the residents, the ,
Magistrate, the Coordinator, the .
Under-Secretary of St-ite of the
Interior, Mr. Lucien Chaunet.
There came nut of it an assist- .
ant Committee if Peltionville for
Fenovation Nationale charged
with polarizing all the efforts, ..
all the energies so that in a mi-
nimum time, facing the Stenio -
Vincent square, silooting toward
the sun the vast, modern, harmo-
nious lines of this spacious esta-.,,..
blishment dreamed of for for4tj,:.-,:.
years, by the fathers and mooth VI
ers of -.etionville and of the an
merous communities of it2s hin.
erland.
And so on Monday April 30th,
.t 10 AM, the population qf PeN
lionville reunited'.,*at .the. Town
hall, and..laid the c6rnerstne of
its lyceum.
("Le Matin" May 1, 3, 1968) i


=11


a a








'.. AGE 16
" PAGE 16


''HAITI SUN''


SUNDAY MAY 6%h, 1961


voygz par.CONSLTEZ
V oVe.p... AIR FRANCE vC
I FIAN CE DE VOYAGE
BOEDING ET CARAVELLE... LES 2 MEULEURS *JETSo SUR LE PLUS GRAND RESEAU DU MONDE


PRESIDENT'S MAY DAY MESSAGE Port de Paix Complains.. ewes o
(Continued from page 1) (Continued from page 1) attack
i. mortal DUMARSAIS ESTIME. to see that you have fought to mDedi Soir" commented: "our are pa
maintain your conquest, and that going on with your Reolutio paper ha neer ceaed to ap hat t
ciate in these unhappy circtm- They
you have established my Government, your Government, to n- stances the laudable attitude of the De
i...grave your rights in a legislation calmly studied and elaborated, the local authorities who do not
in order to-widen and guarantee your economic and social secur- want that people he' bothore.
A nie
ity! The Government has given you back the fruit of your labor: without valid motives. And the le
The Labor Code. It has given you, employers and employees, the District Attorney, backed R gp,
w.. without any doubt, by Pr.-,fct Regie
instrument which guides the conditions for harmonious and pac(ric en
Frumance Bien-Aime, has taken
eqexistence so that, in organized labor, you may contribute tog'- .he general measure necessary SE
their r to give the City the dynamic collaboration, necessary to th., for a long time."
be crease of the national wealth. This instrument, the Labor Code Communique from the District Theard-
S'" ripentd in the Uhderground, must amplify the exaltation that yn-i Attorney of Port de Pai: S.A. hd
''. bring, male and female workers, in the every day accomplishment Mr. Amnaury L. Francois.
"Le Matin May 1st, 2nd, 3rd.
of your tasks. And for you employers, it is the symbol to what May 3rd. anag

-" you must hang on to show that you should not want to build you 96 sentati
well being on degradation of the. -human person and contempt of Dogs DSeiberl
.'itsienineint dignity. Thus together you. will have answered to all Small Cattle" On r
m 'iy expectations, and those of the universal conscience; su rest- cS t
s-. less and troubled viewing the spectacle full of grandeur and misery La Tortue cockta
Sof the dira.ulntic light of all laborious masses of the world toward Informing the Diretor of the
th.- ...f. newspaper "Le Regenerateur",, the C
.the:corniiuestof welfare, the administrator of the ele-tric
":May 1st is not-only Labor Day, Feast of the. Workers, Feast of plant of Port declare mgra
.eMay']st ithe ev
|...'the .Wdrling Class and of the Workers' right; it is the Feast of 'ie that Cummings m o t o r s have
brough. amused
p".'Tr'iunmphl'u[ Man. over raw material, in order to transform them; been brought to Port de Prix a~,.ries
,..irver:obstacles and difficulties, ut order to master them. elinunat"f but one of them, out of service 'here
Sad to create his. happiness by composing the harmonious for a long time, is completely guests
as ..apcns-. rusted. Puting it to work again tiel
.'intelletual" and material life. Today, the world over, is almost impossible. Thus the t
Sof th working class shout the Message of fraternity and. different parts will serve to re-
tion for tite bildliig- of a time when the needs of humanity pair, one of the old motors, a
,rtsamsfied. To reachii such an end, we must produce. Produce gift of the late President Estime. I
e ourselves to. the level ,o the needs to be satisfied; produce All in all, we could have three
tity.suffieient for society not to be composed of-haves an motors in hape, with a tota
nower amounting to 175 kw. One
'is iln utrl'r'to- a"oid'; :nd c-mmotLiois and. violence bred shadow in the picture: the work-
lI by disparitibs uf standards of Living, prodwee to answer able Cummings motor does.not
,lthe urgencies- aind 1ihlmertit"ee outside of which underdevelopment, have" a generator. The available
,:il.l remain a problem never- solved. one is of 50 kw. quantity infer-
.With you, Fmployer.5, Workers, Employees, who understand the ior to the power of the motor.
..-r. T. Pierre concluded soi'e-
'.peaning of 'the .revolution that my Government continues in depth Mr. T. Pierre coaeluded "so ie-
one had better take, care of it
'rm theIndestructibleblock indispensable .to the reconstruction quick for there is danger in the
f? t"' ifCy..Wlith you, I want' to write the victories which make house." "
lurWe better1 more. decent, more human. x. xx
i ei, workers, artisans, intellectuals, living forces of my The works of the Noviciaie of
utiw imnglify the national effort in liberating work. Let'a work. Laveau go on under the'.direc-
.tion. of Brothers Yves and Ca-
IGn. y work 1ill ha sten the .eppnoric 'and social liberation, remeinb- mille. Fathers Cornec and Fils-
.t.it ~May. the land df.our Fdrefathers keep absorbing the fertil- time. have facilitated the crn-
ring 'eati'..of the brave peasants frdm the bacl:-couiilry; it is for struction of a school for yr.ung
Ibh economic 'and social liberation that you associate -and will -peasants. The same advises Bi-
i on associating your capital and your muscles to inject into the shop Guot to "take dispositions
".A. 1A A. s for the resumption of the Works
is of.the .country tBe exalting sap of active life; it is l,r this of the Cathed al which c t
.'r;'.cialI.and economic liberation that go on and will keep going on, hold anyrriore."
ply'swear to you, myr Haitian brothers, my. patient wakes, and all y x X X
t eM'gences that I, will have requested of those who assist. m Judge Denys He Wed
br,6i the. humble soldier an miflician to- the- magistrate -priests Last week Judge Alphnnse
:.aind' pastors, builders'and technicians, of you and of all, so' that Bastien stopped at the offic-s of
that, they. accomplish with ine the work, all the work which elotiates a newspaper in Port de Paix
-.ian 'ind makes him' noble, enriches the inheritance and makes "to. refute the news of his mar-
riage to Miss Lorvelie Rtniul,
greats of te Nation. that "vox populi" had comment-
I Wisll and..believd tha this morning's manifestation is that of ed upon recently."
taiti'ans -wanting firmly to live in dignity.-throuigh work; derided x x x
ito 'break up .th, infernal circle pf the misery, of underdevelopment, -Commenting on the Major Bel-
1imbr.ging me the .support .of: their invincible and dynamic forces, lot taking over common nf Ihe
thei- enthusiasm and of, their revolutionary conscience, Northwest Dept.,. Le Regenera-
S teur" wfote: "We hope thbt he
ilh .f bave the duty.to build the .New Haiti. -l follow the fot steps of his
employerss, workers,--adtisans, intellecftials, Haitians my broth- predecessor whose goodness and h
"is creators of wealth, admirable examples of national product- devotion are still alive in the
ve effort and energy, may this First of May impregnate you more memory of the population." The
ithhe-creed of. -Our Revolution which can subsist only in the reference was to Maj. Claude
SBreton, recently transferred to
Sof the sovereignty of the State Independent and froe, the reton recent transfer o
mil Negro Republic, of Haiti, Your only Country!. 'e. xx A
.. .. Dr. FRANCOIS DUVALIER La Tortus Mad D
'.. .:- ,. -. President of- the Republic.
= r .. Mad Dogs. dqvour goats and
...... ,:.,=:... ,:.,.., ......... ~ ~~ ~~~-.. ..., .=.., ." .-.,- '- .
= .,. ,.,. :.. ._ : .. "-


n lie de la Tortue. They,
in groups. The peasant-,
Rmcky and do not know
o do to stop their action
.re calling for help -rorn
apartment of Agriculture.
XXX"

wspapcr of Port de Paix
ked the director-'of the
to quiet on the ardor ot


IBEILING VISITORb
ENTERTAINED
Claude Chancy, Dar.ie
and Jean Bolte, of Auto
ad Messrs. L. K. Mel nd A. E. brodigan, Sakls
er and Caribbean Reprc-
i'e, respectively, of the
ing Rubber Export Co.
hem this week.
and Mrs Jean-Claude Chan-
ertained them at a large-
il party on Wedupodayl
g. at their lovely home oft
arrefour Road. The pirty
ed to the pool later- in
ening where Mr. Birr'izar,
d the many guests with
of life in Mexico City,
he is living. Among the
were Mr and Mrs P.cica-
Mr and Mrs Jean Frlte,


his functionaries of the LOWQl
who act in a way not approved
by the population. Especially on
La Tortue where they are look*
ed upori as "corsaires."

Our friend Hosner Apollon who
is a homee de coeur" with -4
responsible conscious, will 1dq
his duty, if he has not already
done it under the circumstances
_^ ___ ^ _, -


BEAUTY SPECIALISTS
AT FlSlliEK'
Maison Fisher is happy to an
nounce that Mrs. Pell, esthetic
ian graduated of the Beauty Dam
lor of Maison Guerlain of tfi
Champs Elysees in' Paris wvl
be at your service at the. Cornien
Rue Blonne Foi, from May Tt
to May 22nd.
She will be happy to help yoi
with her precious advice cor
ceming your beauty care.
Those interested are requested
to fix thcri date in advance a
the Corner Shop of Fisher:
N.B.-The consultations an
completely free. -
Mr and Mrs Barrere, Kay MI
jor, Mr. Daniel Theard, M
Boucard, etc.


EVERY SUNDAY NIGHT
DANCE ON THE ROOF GARDENS
at

Hotel ..Coucoune
MICHEL DESGROTTES. MUSIC

FREE ENTRANCE


gents: USINE A GLACE NATIONAL, S. A.
Port au Prince, Haiti W.I.

*- q' _. I -


.{




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