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Haiti sun ( December 24, 1961 )

Digital Library of the Caribbean Duke University Libraries
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MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Haiti sun
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 46-47 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
R. Cheney, Jr.
Place of Publication:
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Creation Date:
December 24, 1961

Subjects

Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Haiti -- Port-au-Prince

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began Sept. 1950.
General Note:
"The Haitian English language newspaper."

Record Information

Source Institution:
Duke University Libraries
Holding Location:
Duke University Libraries
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 32441147
lccn - sn 95058138
ocm32441147
Classification:
lcc - Newspaper 2117
System ID:
AA00015023:00089

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Haiti sun
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 46-47 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
R. Cheney, Jr.
Place of Publication:
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Creation Date:
December 24, 1961

Subjects

Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Haiti -- Port-au-Prince

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began Sept. 1950.
General Note:
"The Haitian English language newspaper."

Record Information

Source Institution:
Duke University Libraries
Holding Location:
Duke University Libraries
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 32441147
lccn - sn 95058138
ocm32441147
Classification:
lcc - Newspaper 2117
System ID:
AA00015023:00089

Full Text




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:.':By'A l EI E JOLICOEUR..: '
u efdick, di foremost dBro aday
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L Statement "
Bt President t
John F. Ke1nedy

.Pertanings To T heilk

.'-- Lommuican epu lic
e

-note of .the mot' .en.ourtgictg

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a i u tan vidich aHIs de ,cobmplete '(apid. calculation d ed. .
bs, leans, p ts from its er; other tasks that a calculator per- When thi n rachiie *'commits
re arid -nts how t, f e- foriifs. It does not work logic- an error, the instructor presses
WIve problems s ~sca.ia g '*an, ally as'"do the, alculators, .but a button, which constitutes. a
s .jut yopdpd 'by the 'Istep-by?-step" with some fdrin- punishment by fording' the mach-'
ayth the'nited ula prepared by ,technicic s. 'ine td reconsider het method
t ., :- ." .. and .to readjust her memory.
ke. man the "Cy rtron .. The '..Cybertr n. 'attacks in- The lristluctor ohly has to .tell.
it is- called--learns by trial .solbier 'pl lemp..Jt epoys her' she has committed an er-
Sideisor.-Iestahll" z:yrapby ortri solbethodppl .atta. k, fuzq yis he o. When the machine teplys
between .new'asituatjps i; db ., s t h corrtc'ly to a problem .st e tJ H
ndexp rr itl, d byvpezfectt apqavr h *Wa. s ccey l suo e Ikes rre lrded .and is permitted to.
tinualy. .' all t'an who ar by ne the o umte
ot.is a ..cal- ooC 4lti ied. esponse, .the ..',, Ie. t
I-, ".. ", ..Th.d :.. -,. rh "Cy tber' tr nh'' i" ,s he;r-
s: ,,e I" f .er,'by i dIrn 'death ai$ ex =r'
imni t of specific' thaterials,-;b
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SKhristophe's

,Among .,the daycasians who royal, apo- the princesses appear ment, here we arok
c me to Christophe's court were ed, dressed. most bhapdpom elegant ,deje -,
t ladies. from-. Philasqlphia.. and with a degree .o. eeleance Sth the : kin'siip.e
They were to, have charge of the which we had ioE expected.: The officers of: the o p lack
d-ucation of hii. two -d.aghters. 'queen-was. eeedixgly -obliging andA yell w b
Ve embarked.' iecounts.oie of .d. ,affable; she trade 'in- ery the
thse teachers "at. Philadelpia, quies respecting "eur passage
;lid ,fift,:.een .days, reached Cape and. health; she expres'edhr place s
n 'the'iqrer. Cea ..~ os. hope that we sho6ild'be, perfectly teret th
..ljsndedn:',p uch,..elbltated by happy-as long' as e siouid, re-; eqecte . .
ai~nesis; we 6 rerdt 'dur$- :mai: with .them, ad' she assur-
heipasge. h pi that -she- wuld .be 'fWa0s
*. 1, iv . sent r",ely-,'. .tand.4 40
,oaxthem lo 1" ,padS- t d:R -M and Jiqr nece"^a fttw
s S But .Jet ...th evident sinerity' nvi' ced.' a
t'the i st4'y. ,r "at*h .a'she Ma a'Jidndaa f ?. ..

,t^i$n4w 1 eratguaye polite; an;' appkedp Berepe
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S Sunday, December 24th, 191 t A I-T S N'. .

S' A I SUN confronting the gentleman. The reptilian subdivisions, are.mi,
h. A ', S U T most likely explanation. came able of -cross-breding, ain
from Dr. Eustache, icthologist with all life past moeba si
GTHE H IAN ISH LrANGUAGE NEWSPAPERB in the'. Department of Zoology require at least droft e o
".Comunity Weryk Published Sunday Morning at Damlen. This explanation has site. sex for m~itiplicti 's
Editor-Publisher BERNARD DIEDERICH. ; to do with etymology, or rather put'fny neighbor at :ase'p
Gerant-Responsable MAUCL LABIEB semantics. The woid 'serpent' chimera of- his propertyy 6
.' ESTABLISHED IN I Habitation Leclerc is in English a generic..term;. by Dux iianbred 7iddagerousi
ESTABLISHED IN 1960 Habitation Lecier broken dawn into'subdivisions, is perits,'.I mht say. thatmt
HAITIAN HRISTMAS TREES Prince 'mammal' is -generic. with man fime was .iimore tha.riKnefi
-HAITIAN CHRISTMAS TRES Decemner 15, 1961 as. one of 4he subdivisions.' (To. axny reptile imported. to
According to botanical specialists the pine-tree which To tle Editor the best of my knowledge these .. (Couu o
grows "in the uplalids of Hispaniola is' a separate spe-" Journal Le Nouvelliste
ies not found In other countries; the botanists can it Port au Prince DG [ .
,inus occidentalis. It is not even found in the neigh- Dear.Sir: . J', L L )
The lengthy declaration writ-
boring islands of .3amnaica or Puerto Rico. -- ten by our good necghraor Mr Al-
It is chel cteried 'by a -hard-wood, but. atthis time bert Mangones, and thn last mi-"
of-: yar its symmetry and density of deep-green, need. nute cancellation of the Pan -
Ies makes it a Christmas Tree par excellence. Which American Festival day at Habi-
brings.us to two divergent feelings: nation Lealerc even though al-
S-4s a Christmas Tree this Pirns occidentalis is of ready announced for some weeks
outstanding merit better than the imported trees of ahead, oblige md. once ymorept
thinner foliage. It is cheaper and so can. bring pleasure bWication ih order to address my-
Sto-many more homes. It brings income to the habit- self to the 'Ifaitian .public -and
afits in the momitains/, he'ideed 'need it. It .is -a small press. If have not don thi -.
but definite factor in a.favorable balance of payments sooner it is because of my ast- @I [
fqr Haiti. onishment- at the measure taken
But the habitats are-iTthless in cutting down tlie by Mr 'Maigones, and particul- Dt D
trees, and denuding hiide cnducive tocostly ero early that -this great appreen- .,...
0ion of the most fertilesoflthe. wealth of the ry. su woulate date. Had there
Jt also inoreades runfMf f- eaifall and thus lessens been the 'dangers : so 'widely
water-"esoprees. -- broadcast' these last days surely
Haitiani' ugricuetr tus tly Mr 'gbnes would have been'n
a iap.jnpti.ng yp 1 i "f... w .veui better to evacuate this proper-
ty, myself -not far' behind.
i, ee for reach hing of any conscientious citizen .to
a p imm ediately ri report these fears
y* r py, a M;.would ye op bu itr' Wall so that th&ir trith (n this-case -
the rdA toritv. untruthl could be estabtied
g r b and the 'eighb orhood duly alert-'
apnoe mpl the ed'aid prb Tcted. This a n"' sil-
Aprl o.W qds to you Junoy de ht liday en te part of Mango-
hike c 7000 -fee, b a e e itt. rt fat -an .important official, visit to' Le-
riso t o Ecalyptus- clera, gives one material for a
l ,i ath ,io t. suprbe iw wa n ith ory m breath, cold -great deal of speculation. ,
cf sp Wintet-ai- h a a ove let are-. I -have 'also been '4eayed by
: i- I 1. .. c I '- 4. ... ," .
taker gh up though other -activities .in connection i
most o. Hthe diu. l' -'.rter othrugh- oth is unfortunate rumor: a
'- o ; dkye --'-tj" wt h . ths.
.a'iea d .. barrt 0Vcg- command visit to the Polide De-
..'. a. w p-l... .l. is -. st apartment, conferences with Min-
m n1lu, few ,f h .-.most of- thle isters,-, explanations to officials
wa terupply from. Port aa Porinesor tes f- r o Bois fro-m Danlien, visits from the

gJi, ~,*i >s en I'h toly ou not least an official vist roicn -,-'
me Prfte de Port au Prince." Th Wo Most Wiik^f.-Nead'N:ews'sng'"
again -Junior), on- Bois' d'A'vril would not only brig The Prefet, by a .at stroke oi "
inPoa 'to the habitatsand to ,the Goveneat, but wisdom, arrived at the solutions a a .
bly ost import .tnserve and augment the of our 'reptilian population aat ... ,.
'-2S upply for Poti 'au Prince. A forest-fpserve on Leclerc. That same day they By ribng to 'IE at t spela tshownblo
S.Bisd'Awt,bri gi water- to: the. people' of-our cap- were transported_ cages and all ... .uneyibng to E the sp..ecial o.-te hoauiow
aresvme, poy ad enjoy-the convenice-oft y

1it61-eity could well be a tremendous monument to some- tojthe Section of Zoology at Da- mopia dUlkvered to your door or post office tbox.; b
one. So folks Good Will l mien, there to be examined byy t4y d enjoy TIME's crisp, clear, accurate- repbrtins g
of a com m ittee capable of .stating wda i i o ,-.iv-i i o rn t events in : P
a g i gi o n c a t e g o ri c a l l y w h -et h e r t h e s e r e p: *.." .
,t." e t iles are in any wayt angerouso t Internatenal A~alr :. Medlolee im
a a. .lwsr Book1

.Science f Theater Mumic
In my, efforts to comprehend t a
the. action of Mr Mangones T 'All this plus citra news of Latin America in the esdition
4 -t "of have naturally .ehausted all reee candid, often courageous reporting of evn n %i
8 ft' possibilities other than directly covered eisew p bere. o a r ,n'
toFill out the eofupn belowZooogha d att Da- ..
subscription dealer, newsagent .or booklieller por send toii
address shown. This offer applies to new subscribers only..

tie ar i rime International, c/o Banque Natlohals de Ba
iRepublique d'HaItl, Part-au.Prlnce l ,
: n m y e c o m p r e h e n d 'A l l t i s e n d m e a i r -sxpt r e d e d T I M E L a t i n A m e ri e a in t -io
S w "for 40 weeks at the special introductory price: G .50, n
veeie .candidm often boij of. """ '"-


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' H AITI SUN '


I Sailrs Mermaid" Now Considered For Her Appetite, Not Her Form


imailatee, a, heirbivorous In Africa, where Lake Kanrba ,. So, therefore, when a fishery Section, FAO Fisherie
al.who in the dim pant formed in 1958 by damming the research officer In British Gida- Branch, show that ott
|'have looked like .mer- Zambesi river, vill-.be the larg-' ia puBlished'.a shdrt nofe 'in a factors have to. be con
to saillots that. definitely est man-made' lake in the world magazine on his experiments First, manatees, whi
,ep.too long at sea, is .now when it fills its 2,000 square mile with manatees as a means of it the lagoons and-larj
considered not for her ab- area by 1964, an aquatic weed water weed control, th placid rivers, of the Atlantic
::l osure.shi upon.the rocks known as water lettuce or Sal- manatee's steady diet of weeds- southern North Ameri
irher consumption of aqu- vinia auriclata has .already cov- seemed to be a' "free" 'wa .-out America .and Africa,,
is. ered a tenth -of its. surface, of the morass.
ITyear, thousands of do. This mammal, whose human-
Mre .spent. battling weeds Lavender 'Was Lovely ike bosom and rather whale- *
,oe. up lakes and canals The tremendous cost of aqua- like tail may have nurtured the -'" M
i oat6 : annot tpass and tic-weed control can be illustrat- mermaid legend, is- the s bject
r'tfrom lack' of oxygen.: ed bY the case. of the. vateik bla- of soire notes -put-togethef by
reaperss are used in einth. The commercial 'herblicide Biology m Branch of FAO's
can;is. s" that-ir~d o : .t e" "'"gint"t- "" eBiolog'Brach.o FA
a~ls .sothat all st sudcesful against it -cnst fisheries Divyision, in.(answer to i
., egha"50 n .acre apple Ti" ~ -iuests received .'or .m.ore in-
.ataerss 's.'^ has,-spreatdw t. t. ,brmation o& '.siigt .te 'mrna- ,
ite in B' by courtesy tee's natural appetite for weeds
floist tlzout- stein Bra~zl. by courtesy of-as a solution to the costfy.aqua-
rou t the 'Wales: *oe' t h s l ds a solution to 'the costly -aqua- .. "
S- toe. who thought its .pale, a- tic weed control- in fishing wat-
t .weeds ghqlo g' vender .blossoms were lovely and &rs and irrigation caia ,
'blades. "ool. home-a slip.
D, -Downgraded froM siren to ?seaa
c .. -. ow,.. the mianatee'is large, bos-
:;- -.." -- ,'otnj- ,m ni' .a' -. '.- o y m h. paddlelike ' "- . ..
fore feet,, no. hind feet arid a -
S" '"'I'"/ /'/ '4Y q S' [ i broad, ronhded l5ottpm She hlis
'MEN'SMRTS blunt .muzzle, small' routh.
wth' -flehy lips, and lacks exter-
C iARVES nal ears. She' oastis a to,,gh
hide, scattered 'aiir and an ex '
N" DKER I"PS presson .tt onl another.mr.an
A.'... atee. could find attractive.-


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her major
isidered.
ich inhab-
ger warn
coast of
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have 'few


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The notes pkbted ut that .e '.
n;anatee- ill.- happily t any. .
aquatic, .plant. ekcept- those that' ..-. ....
re wpod.-it eVen grazes,-sy ...
fenatically so .thai one it has
:: learnedd an area it perlodjWilly
combs that'.areat .thereafte to.
keep .-the water clea ." '
manamthe like.to chew aw y to- .
gather. In several experiments
ciar id d ot the ishr' re s-
Search o er in .B.riti': G ,lana, : ...
7h feet, long. were capable of
clearng La canal 2 ft wide and a
"A 0 msoni -


However before one rushes
out to deposit' a manatee.a.Ser dtx.a.. al': S d v Ha r .e"d.:
ne.'rby wbed chokednlake-A the
notes c d by Mr llia HOTELS: RESTAURANTS &SS5
W Jni and.:esources 'iilou 1 L"
.. "P. `A!'".t


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CA Very ap e'Ya
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tit- .-".6 .

To All OUr Frnd .:
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sunday biecenher b24ft 1th

natural enemies. B'itfrthyiy-r-
almost defenceless against manW'
Utilized for food, oil and leather.
they are extinct or near extinct-a.
ion in some parts of their na
tural range. .
Once. captured, ihe manatee is
difficult to transplant, for iri
spite of its tough hide and large,
size, it bruises--easily and -hasi
to be handled carefully. Ther"
(Contfnmed on page. 19')-


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* .. '- Sunday, ..eenie z..


e Alliance For Pro gress Miss
of --.,




e.Adv.. ,_ A s Bmdschelder, .Agronom t, R e be p


..in. Cooperatve. .The second ,day- was devoted. -: "
Ssits at e O t the cu ro-socil aspects of
-i.3 .2 .







O f ho t nioo inA t t h e ,D i t n dfftAa g r lu r l t u
Stn : es d, -s, tgeo .Ke C a ntave, fe s in view f -. ratin -
j5 liwlppnbnt Mviior, Ih6Technital'Director,"rChar- lOpmeni of b ur nt ry by'sieps water 4.1 --ghts,, 4e ti






i-i'' reedngJn-a- and' Hig etaff og ODVAd d uaton ays, struggling gai i s p ae
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unday, December -.-61
*$'i Sunday, December 24th Ji1-61


'iHA 'T I SUN '


Alhe Troub


(Written for Le Nouveliste) -

by Th ofms P." WITIUDNy .
What path will th.'Dominican
Republic, free at last of the Tru- A month ago, for instlmee.
'..jillo family domination after Maj. Gen. Pedro Rafael Ramon
nearly a third of a cehitury, take? Roderiguez Echevarrig was, the
'Will it return to some kind of Commander of the Santiago Air
Military dictatorship at the en"f B the WDominican Air For-
'of its present period of turimo-l Ces. No one outside the co intrS'
-with everything- pretty mrtcn had ever hejrd'of him. No' he
the same as-' before except thle is the. Secretary of State for the
,.nme of e dictator and 'his fa- Armed Forces and the person
npIj?. Will! extremism of the fa. who under, the present con;tiftu
'left emerge frdm civil cont(it tio'n would .succeed to the posi-
to establish a Communist rule sion of President Balaguer if the
on the 'pattern of Cuba? ,Will later:died or resigned. Further-
there, perhaps, be set into oper- more he '-has turned out to be
action a series of' developments the main prop under Pres'dent
_. $.ich wil.Rgive :m6re freedom. to Balaguer and- the leader o.f the
SDominican people and- perhaps drive to break the general strike
in the evd lead to establishment which has gripped the -republic
of'constitutional democracyT On, as .opposition forces '-seek the
ly events ll answer these ques- overthrow of Bhlaguer.- RQderi-
d tions, of course. But much de- guez Echevarria, a' handsome.
pends .-on. the .new personalities youthful,. brown-skinned man .of
brought? to, the ,fore ':b the dev- 37 with an infectious smile, a
elopmentst. of .:Ihe; last:. severall quick ..wit and a-.thinline musta-
Sweeks. etieo ;thes' -persoha e.leaj' io. national prom-
ties whbo. ir tJh-.tbha 'had neon e non'ng of Sunday,
lines e-w*hdeWr. un Nove$e ,whln tbc fate of
not-.so. ve gao the 1ublw in doubt. .Wi'th


i


,,_ .. a^ -. N Nm'. country. He was-',ti M
SNNU eNN WEW Sanfl., e ven
rwa saa inJi. es. It as norc*M Id
-. Gen. Roderiguez Mendez,
S. 'er Commander of the .Bi
-'i a members of the departed Tru- Air Base, was sent 'qu.
ff 5 0f 3lS irno family. He did restore ord- of- the country on ,. d
imsw*Wa a s er--tmporarily and -it W.i the assignment aft er Rod
next threat to public_ ordar that Echevarria became ep
brought him out into the openlannmd forces. oqeg
the two brothers of the assassin- against those .came opposition varria installed his ow
ated Generalissimo Trujillo. Iled- forces which -had idolized. him pedro tigo Vod'ri
for arid Arismendi,' plotting aO only a few days before. On Mcn- varria as commande oi
bloody coup to take over c-ntrol day evening, -November 27th, forces. '- Another brother-
of the country and wipe out all ,there suddenly snowballed a. mo- key post in the Nati0oal
opposition elements, it was Rop venient for-a general strike aim- of the republic. But'thery
deriguez Echevarria and a group ed at forcing the resignation of replt of airforce bffier'
of other high ranking airforce President Joaquin Balaguer. On. bi at the. San Isidro ba'
officers who came. ut Qoenly Tuesday morning, Nov. 28, Gen. Santo .Domingo which'
against, the two and blocked Rpderiguez Echevarria c 'm e down--anft all participaiHn
their plans. Leaflets with the-out with a ringing appeal to the d ti resign their' 'compn
signature of the birforce general Dominican, .people "not fo be Would Roderiguex ";cil
were dropped on the-nation's ca- sheep" and to- return' to work succeed in estiabiisi
pital to tell the-people there that immediately. Nothwithstanding as a new niilitay dicta .
the airforce and important other this appeaJ, and- everything- lVe Dominicna Republip?V.h
sectors, of the arr-ed forces that the general was able to do ed to be hls',ixm.-, .,'
would *&ct to prevent a coup to end the strike, -it pontitnued ;-
against t'e government. For day after'day. One of Roderi- R6deriguez Eche4arr;
somd- days' s a .result Rcderi- guez Echevarria's- moves, during from '-: large. and',dis, ]
guez Echeviatia was, a.-national the strife was -the advancement family from that- e"gi.
hero. President, Balaguer brought of a plan' for -a changed govern-. Dominican Republic' rth
him to Santo. Dbomingo. to head mental regime which' would have ,the" Ciba. He takes
the" armed "for ces on Thursday, 'in effect have put him in vir- iin the fame of :-geis- t
November. 23. It was to him.that tual control of the governmentt. father who lwas a ii.
the President assigned thiq task' :Even' without that he seeitd ,to er of: Dominicans in'ii
Of restoring order inr the troubl- be in control of the government against the Haistiansm.r:
ed capital torn by looting of the of .Balaguer -- but he. could hot part- of he' i19th' cen
homes and enterprise of- the' establish his control -over the -o o n'i

A . .. .


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''HAITI SUN''


Sunday, becember 2ith,,A


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From page 9) the co
r tber, Santiago Rordedi- can ai
lie" he considers to have- been of Rat
n military theoreti- ver or
or click
3 eriguez Echevarria is hilm- portrait
frbtud if being a skilled pi- office
n. hhis capacity as one of Ramfii

: .-. ,- _.. 't .






.,,. ... : .- ."""i:- .


aubled Domi


mmanders of the Domini-
Lr forces he was a' friend
mfis. Trujillo -- though net
ie of. Ramfis' inner circle
que of intimates. Ramfis'
it hung on the wall of his
in Santiago eyin after
s departed from the coun-'


try. Roderiguez Echevarria i
a, man.. witi much political se
appeal-buit' fI-w tee' he.- wit
have much 'chance to apply i
in the Dominican' political situa
tion as it has developed is no
clear. For from having been fo
a few days the darling of thi


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3URRA
es Desalines

TAL -STORE
.s~'- o* -


i "- Prominence in Dom ."i'
as heqd of a rg
mum* UCN- whic&cai4&to6e
ed front of all elements up
i stre to the Trujillo dictatorship iI
s street crowds of Santiago- .nd haspaticu stig
K Santo Domingo he has npw be- UC Dominica par iddle class
Scme their chi dev- und especiay, in iddthe lerass p
t attack as a "reactionary." s peiay. oin the literad 1
sions, among doctors &aid
- -yers and the like. It' acquh..q
r If Roderiguez Echevarria is one its leading position in the f opj
e of the two main protagonists of sition, by playing,the 'most '*a
the Dominican drama at the mo- tive role at nearly evetry po
ment, the othbr is a 66 year old in the struggle to end Trajlt
physician .and philosopher nam- ism frdi July right on dowaj4
ed-Dr. Viriato Fiallo who is th6 the end of November. Fiallo
head "of .the- Natiorial Civic Uni- come the leader'of the UCN It
ion -UCN- which is the chief cause of his. national reputation
organization of --the Dominican and bis' appealing public, persOT
opposition. Fiallo' i$ a big man alty. He"'has a bit; of the tfou
physicallE4 6.feet two .inches of the late. Wendell Wilkie ab
tall .and nearly 200 pounds in him.
weight. His .political activity
goes back a' long ways -to the ,-
period even before the Trujillo' Despite Fiallo obos qu
dictatorship when, he was promi li ies and the prmbabre prohi
nent for attacking the Ameican of. his .character there ia-good
occupation 6o the Dommican Re- deal of .question as to- lirpolit
public which cdme to an end. ical skill, and adiritness. This'
1924: For years uider rujillo leaves setous doubts abodt 1
e .was.n ad out o .ja.-. political -,bture and that 1ofi
he was 1n and out 'of .jail .-In : .
tj, period from'1947Tto 1952,- tor- arty. the .UCN TiaUo
example he .was three times, in iled,, to-denstre ay
prison .including: seven months. clearout and precise se
I soutar c donfihiemelit, -wnder urpose..and tactife iti the .I
:accusation of--attemgts .t rinican political situation -sin
ert the goverrimeft'of .Trujillo the, departure t..the ruJilo
:In 1947 -when, he had. taken re.. He mad -an inept bid for pqwe
:..uge in th.i-Columbian.E ibassy in negotiations wi the. Pesid
eiciceeded i
he was i'*fused -permissiorn-to- ent succeed antag
leave-the ..country. As lorg be- oter opposon leader
. ,. He fied to rta& ai n
fore as 1932 efbe v lo pe-he-
cution ofriao had. beg .
when the later .was fi'red- b -t o e cdi5i wt'
Proie r 'at -he iversity oc oel or the ..opposLtio
Santo 'Dbmingo 'for rest t t i
join the-officia,il l t o po in the atio p s
party. In ,191 'lbe was .dismt i.: .. et' 6the.'giera'strike
i as. iirecto *r, %inadical services nent-snowbdl and ge^ t
for various industrial, conceis control ad then was t
.under-governimenf pressure. Fia-the general strie. He haa-.be
)lo, nevertheless, made himselfunable to ringsit to an
a good living' es doctor., He spite -rpeated appeals. i
.',ivw"owadays as previously. in as. the situationg tq
a modest but. comfortable"'ho:me sees to have4Aitle.conl l
in- the .'heart-of the capital: Fial. te tret-crowdp Santo
-io i- isarried and- two .,i And.ti.suggests, .
---o of them a bsinessiban andi Possibility that if the bitter
4.tthe other 'a, lawyer, He. is.gefr- t... thin- the republic
ra ly consiydetd.. to h ave.m -~~' Lu s... -ef 'there' Ids daf "r
Scons otie" 'political conomi' )eadtship.of the- c"wds
much 'r to-theie:'
iriews and to.desire the esthliq. m t t e s.
ment of a liberal deniocrati o e-x6.-.e e e
,gime in his country. '- -" -
Fiahlo has att ined his presel t (Con tied- on page ,;,4
. ,' ,- . 2'. ,
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t Tl.T.AwFois LeGGo
. fDu PERRIER .
O.DUPERRIER .L-
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- ...d -Th -%_! FIAL RETURN..


... ",-",. 3' per ..e. fr'- the income of a bachelo be-no deductions, for contributions to social-work, .for duties, and --an, imu.lf
, i ;. .. in om o-.. Ia h l r -, A,4 0 .I:,.


o W uthp pz e r, "-ea.. -e' "II" ".. ..k''t and.-
....) QO.a the'F inom ofamredcul taxes, paid, ott :insuratice -.or for losses te'siting tor~n "a dissM.ter ai > ue'i r
-',-b.: i sW 5, pe0: e nt ...,:. s".m..+ per. pe..l.onoe 1. upf to ma ned. couple;d- Thede .deductions wfll_.be. replaced bk a I) -."tan' dar ddction"" tnks~tl L+ 'ow~e br a.
3-o..)+. G 1. ,,_. a. -ad.o ... pr 1om p toa" aim m o m adjum~ed personal .inco~me a s. explaied b"elow,"Though l Q Cub .",Afbeol t !fI
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_;,L.--.G;,. from;, t""he i.pcornie .. .of' anyindividual, married or not, de..ucuoa may not".ke~d~ .'l.0 1 000 ".' .-).'': .', ,.came:' in' "he
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m~ "i: ..d-e -c.qen. .,,-i-:&a ]Yn, .orie9'.. ie. children, faLther, mother err.. b . ete used-....e a.O esn a, Q e'., .. te. Lollo_-Win:. a."+,.. fent'+-a- .kid"f4:greljt.
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Ie.. i er... .....-"a . .ast of the "aidus incomes"which ,constitute adjiuste' in- -.. o o" ....
T b.reg _tn f.om. paragraph Ic).aboe are reciprc ." .. ,.I
:al.IDeddotions- ofP G'.4 : per" y "a ndpr persog i1'as-provid~ed *. c,.",ome.'The. latter- comjms'es.'Th.e following.,_.. *' ..so ",;.eo.. .'.a, sotsomeo
a'U~v~ ar. all'rp l ie o At 0..child, -randson c'o grau iddatught-. a)' Cross salary- including. New+:ryear's gitt and gro~s1bol ltle ligrt : -t~L
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.4 ,d ...... -....."uses 'of tinnures or .pei~irios .~.. ., .:' .'
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c'as 4"K "' eadqrhers .and C ommu .e '_n...writi '.' I-...
"'' $j ip e rson whot prvdes r"mie'thab h.. alt oX the support" 4 :" "': . ....""" -_.. :""__ _ ... .' ......... oter. -: M & eiiiwdTF"b~
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V
51

J



'7
:17 of, tax assgsmci kciaj et h s
"kvlt-ti6,it4ested.pr6fessional,a,sociatios, tha bE
Fit
concerns:rnere -ahy)6mpe vet-enterprim
eiiii
:'by-the-Internai: Revenue Office ts
ued
Particular. musVp aice-A owi
-0 S C an
bse( he-gs e pr(
ly, te of e qua ed
AMOUNT QF::T-HE TAX o, serve
to nal., ie-du,,:frorw he'-taxpyer- "comparison., n
The' Internaf c grane
e on, pers6 inc(
co we frbn bondsi -saIaries and Ah Ai t'
f
_p my; d6b t( s,'- 16 th
hments updn''
sse br q n the A ument,
turp basi's, and r al' ue_ba jns0&ct6r., i cQnnection with oc
es, and'.'a-n y- other? 'tic4e 9 0 income ax- the shCetLbas, time gratuiti ent Val shall ch ve been d_
be 3 , i ' I -, -L z' dis6sat and-- pledges'- not to secae I e.proce are
s Came -,,fo
axw
lullthi h di"
per5o)q : 7 .,
_,2.: Stand dOuctiort -:bf -'10. o, th adj ct6
tia on the,,,name Qf the cqm e r:, s6lL d.,
_,inves
ard m e ustedf al
o 'd .... ..
METHODS
0. case,, t
y 14spee or w 0 -r
conW in N (1), nqt, to Li G. '10
ro-; 'evenr.-.th AhO-p e ',''don i't o anyon -Nvi
3.' Substractign of I ptioris In'-the at C d4ates h I be lia e 'to; isiTplii
0;_6 e Wha' sJever
16'(l to G 0 .00" 00_.o
foi at the, be' nin Of the pre artie 'withoa pr-6mTice -to prosecu ons I d
gm sent, Arti'l rpee 13 *bould'.pr o-el b Re 01'
ti hi(
g: C
bedtiction of 10,001 to, G. 60,000,0D,
Offic'
v _-inti6rested parties.
ertaken
4 f ch eed p_ me c exp ries, w MI
da'd in- No. :2 60 mi to'b.
f -sdb twthejacbm
-1011o of. adjusted: -,;Personal- ',20% on G,.A00 oww 't oak
income-;as pres e .... 0 aaytaxp e icle97, -In case'of abi
ayer, t oq excgp
d G_ 001001, to G. 2GOM.W', 25%.-,6nG.,
ayer,
1500 if the't- mil
cou s an- action-
ar ebtor befor
inddase, Jii, 'the High Court 6f,'Ac
this. part not d
-4 bachelor or G. i,00 if imarried;-,, the said' 5W dWff -,30% n',G., ,GQ
the, tax I )roi that the prii--cipal am bunt
xrdical t al
ax, pr6vi
ex ern
er 'h
f and' for
incWTed by tl e, taxpayer.for hiffis -D ar 6btbi te:'6f -the-,supp ement
appropria
heen, prey
US A --o ty
,s being
-s by his per ns; All: lu ive
lieir a
re eke s co ormi Nvi
rniihatidn,, Arti e
6fXuust, 31
G
ons pove _Tce'rate o the tax on V income; relu'rn
come,- -aild-"in t 6,--p overnmen receip
d6cian6ifts.must be tta Arti ej,8onal
"forz
ayer -who, dqes not orwartasis)::as well as 0 commercial nd'diidusbial pmfits.'(rental
nteri*l Reyenu& Difice
y 11 .. i .1 I' 1! ihcoine',uf& those r'notiyiallyobtainable Lhe I
asis,,,an asis, is -as s Wate n
perio ,prec f di-ballance7sheet.
t
1,the he st: Int6rimil Rv6nue e within the- Iare d i Articl piofit,;---incoMb ,r6ceij theiiLtrup-,-.4
law-, of thO-tpresen 'aw w seslo. furnish explanation f eckifi t L I _g tapayerconce mer
cq,
So rptu, or m- -a d o b I ex6rf s, wholesaj&i or retail ants .9
i5o 92 n, case,: of d transfer 6f a:,business; ei er
ano h t I --their,:books 'and state3ii4nti.6f;
to iAqe of from.G.;2 e P ed Iwith er-c ying-dfijhe.s C n ow separa e y,
taken of, capital;-,vorl"'g' ess vohime,.cLibnte e, 4] e, amoun s it An taxp p.aM d NOng ems-
onfil Jes'of the folio
ayer,,subjeet to of -A conideratioh' 'or' g-ratis, the ,esent.-6w-nerref-nain-.,'ioiuti"I
f nsible, \rith the ginal 'taxpaier forpayrncntofariy I
&hartes..aiurnber,'ot. einlbee- th-builaing, oc
cert4i*, activi es*1
prbfits who ails to submit his final return 'vi _i6nt valqe 'of
reTa-"ng u6 7 cupie or o vatioqi,,w lplower,-oDsum ti il SE WOR RENT
e required by the Internal RIe-venue Ofti& 41 but d fromt 6 latter.
ief lad nit"th 'd retqrft: *!thin'. 10 wox
-'Article 9a.-Any fine, prescribc& in .di
,to other legal, penalties, to subrn !e.isal sThe, iqui 6effici&if-shall, bd.,ta c !h in 6 T-onsider
determined in the 'na-me o ille- nt6rprisdj. j3eauwa, miod" 1ho
thc! thet n6ifil71 fio" -44th e, ei nd! n,-,
A. er this .4 is ,of thetax and 7al- or b, th c6llclobr, t, lts,operatio g I o-,
e gelf-will 'be reclorG6nei su-6 -b6t*
elay, the. a a en' at out 'e of flft
ac c-6f il 1) tm
-he internal Rev enue' nWgI Y_ Mothe I e a
din the minimum -and the Yiaximurn
-isevibr
ve, 4, modok di
to,
ilt
4ti and thi's ad ecisi ay'not IsSuance And executio of -a :const 0 a
available- Worm aint 'order rifoi lth
_y usiness;:,,,,,w e Aining
Tooms Hving and
'on nunlis on-m.'
b Revende 6iff
ei, f h an
-.Jun -e
e appe before the in 6; 4 on-'; ilieAntethal
11 1936 on -kitebLen ,W
venue aw-6 a ua -constrdints,"and theDedree-4- A
-Ahe' in 1x'
c6 y
o MP s of, t- d
,n V97 .an ie ex offido' estimate
r taxpaybr in-.*riting, and- paym ut: 31- 19& on, the, prompt 61jection, -of _!egelpts
As s g,ouudsi artd--Iag swim
t "the'
wit out ent
on -con e- axpayer mu
-required tr p
elay -and coll6cti fo Office,,Jo a 01 WAI
h 'h6 led -bill- shd\vjng tlat, theju b4
by all le al 6f" dexcion. g si d rWas,p
sfit
iae, 't
Q:, eLQ b
ay Y-
er s request eco y _P
of.tax ev on' yj 5 ti y u fj
c d Clara to
b eC y a. a p p r op r I'd ey;, of the, oint
-lidple.jo-paymen -o e. ax or supi S or _:,, ean
-of:, The case must--bc, heard' tb `fhe'-susj)-eni6nL adQJ thi
ce year, or--* sit -ta ntact
t ttl )lement, p Us a hie toefter,
cyeases,
us-Te ivedjrq
I ,,Janqary: e, s, W1,
e 55
Tuir
,.qe AfteT the 3 st wl ou
to' G. 2160 hC. Internall Re'venutei in L
posi s for purp* ,of QVI ulg4
6: 5W h I
ye es -acu oncorne
P
NOY,- 60 6- N-T




















































Inlications-
thq,' qx:pa; ,csubgt&,the a VeAjq, en
"d rer -ab It p9e,- act Rigand No
ERNST

th DE), L0 PaIN
In"the-'event t at tne-metnAi as e, PING,
axab1w,-0W maXIi
wapu6i le
effial, cord g. to'Anw4ti
........... -intell t L "BEACH

d k,; xternat-:acfi-
rp6tation -'an Ii -exarr natlonWtl e U 0 AND
7AIOUE JSL
M'arWTY 0 ving Inves -
vities of e N
a I xeal prc)pefty,' X
d' utide 2quisitlons of
a`d e d s, in( rtain OAT U PREITM
G
Pe. yearI
MY IN 0LXDJW
income.
Due accolintl waH,Pe,, Taken,
_g d d

ctm
during t1le Ye, lY
-Tay
nent,7ithbut
ixaacl wry-s-4in
T'- -eCoUrS c uian,.PU.Lkq U WATER b
carin his, _T WRIKT- TO S
U Is.




NENtli PEPFUILs_ LIQU W000'r M 0 C7,*N Y C




H El T015L







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i! = -.. . .. .. .... ... .. .... ..--'... : "- ..1 t... -' : .. ...'a-m .- ..,'.--.. ,, ,: ..' -. .-:.;;. l
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i ( Jf. T -R...B.:- o M INIC. A 'l"" 4 I'"i ll is',"'. '. oi ,o.' ".ap;' & N.tl I fsd jt S= -
i ;] J . " L t ..o".- :.. '. -.'" <, ".::..,. .. .>L '+ . + .::n-: -,F o. l -F. - -.. "i, .. m r. .
-in..ed irom-page,'10 ..,. underground and".itln its i mks cont o.lsl.W i toh.-. the %ddiM ie'tl ..7.u--4i.' ....t....
,'. ; . ... . .. ". 4. ; .. I., .., .- - ,, "-. V ..t.C .
-;' . . . there a... to &fq-u-dUe sh s t o Vi..ti... "FV...l, -, -, -? :. "4; a
.. --.-..... 1.. ;-p .
-~~~~~~ I... "....... ":_. .. .... ' g:-
to the 14tL of June t-.. -.leftist'W ant,- .i-Ambdtaf.. .. .. e c-- '- 4 t- WR ls ,i n e c.xi
,:." ". ,tb,-,-n M4 --`' z a Y'r 1 fi-16 i4 ` q 0,'.:,,:"
'elements in the, Do ncan :poj- Pa'. .o. the answer. "-.1es :-.... ...-
-.htclpcn. hr r oe aps-with Taae:ut-u nus t aq ~& ~&' -'-.
,l... ioreigrners considie.t that points of'parallel between. this is not znant vve a frr ndbis:!.b Wdi4 C& ixksvrro
~/ie. policy of the Ama.ban moveifenf and- that.-bt--taslo "definite-"answer "Re WZ i-thwdld e ".'txf Y..'o j ze p}n'te

!3ai diplomacy is batjrhiki ..t's-..-.T.O =:T. J .yt es' fr o tl*'ue rgz.vpnd-i an a ep:$grl r6U 4JhoIa'Y pm;tbt
iuer. This is incorret..-, -su- iaa eortt y
..., ..M .-i W ... .-3:M
1. -oa e I .. .,.I .... -.f -.... : ,- ..
'puts gr. ,,I- ., -, .13 -,.-.:-..-e.:.I W.



h;.Vitred b ist -.ort by toajL f t}a t 4rtIhw.U N. :lys-ta...
.I t: ,tP"..i_. ps" -of
hi wfe.-ne o ,I!~~ whit
.:I.. th tate D prm n ~ d r o h: iy ....Ta itesWh w r as-sii.te -i "" m. ei '.- "-.-" ----he. .."%.




-~ 'ck *nlyd like to ee an .va'ez Justtof- ten.tries "tn 1mw.tsiterswh-.r asasiae cow t
...I. .. .. . .. ..r the, a-. I r, ..
ly transition to a new reg- "ate- Castr6 ~in -his sPeakng teck- p~p rtic~, ul arl!y' blo ody an ria m n~ i ~ r i e eto h
--.C,--w iti




inAd probably orighnAlly hop-' Ijques.; T.be P arty as used on i'ime-'' by the TrJil-:' Amohew .p j.-. nt
mt.Baaguer would be able occasion slogans dakn, from .the ice., Whe ....'o .est .t e, e R ... h
n President for -time Communist lexicon- . ... which. : stand?, -'On ,nne f s. 1 ,t betweenthem ow-, 'r, Vse..&,":-.-...
..-., L; --.... -. 6w i4.--.. ---.
E 2 transitionalregime in press anti-American -ataWtudes;.. k'-s-w, --hi sel,. to be.am.-enabjleo.. .e .-........ .......
~iz+Opposition elementsee Ther'e is a ominous and- d i ous :".a. ofl..to -%. --P;' -=..";$-u. ,- ..i :. ":
I -w.r-e.is IdAbi`csmoobfted IP 1 .a4.






,esentd. America~n hopes for indefiniteness of 'the part's--ide- etice."' OnSbt.o~ther be .a-"bvous- --- ..V . iCtA?* .
lq11of a transition reiiime olg~lorientation whc ]eaves 4y ..ia~d.i ;a:b g. ;.. :tu -'" g'.:-A-4- -A. ;--
.'Iw .have gone down the it open to the influence oi-the r it hi tnin" po ,---e fl I ."' .... . .
n.-bu no doubtt-American Communists within its .ranks l .. :;, % ithian et, .h-.oe. '"&V
.. y ; st b n , i ., -,n : -. : :--..3.,_:., V II-_ .. ... .. . :,..!". ,.: .. '- : ':" 'l ."`-.%,







Fiaflo and the UCN cOD- who arem -dearly "iot'ms'i. eains.'Ad h... ay J et' Veits '' .e ,40 .JQ ABRT-H (h P
.. -.. I :-. !- .. ,. .. .......I : iii .- -.. .:.. -n .r ;
,..~~~~~ "-. : ,,e d .. .. ., ." '` -r ...- ,:..... "." '- ",:"j:,-., ,
.:. .. ,- ... It JONL,',E -...t.- .







N l-..- o tn Whether those ine t he .-stre ,-th'. an ..d Yt.1 it'hr e ..t- er-Th an .ryin.g"..b- lead -,i. ...?j -."" ... ":" -u .... .. "," ;
their-I"events.,.This could J. hi, -,liomeIof ..,







.. are wise only time can would_ be-a- istake-to pin a . .. ..... -'- '< *" .. ... -. -- .
-',: -. ..." Coi.ni. nist label-J.mn, 14th- the present situation-diret --to,- ...-...... -N -.: "_ ,. .
.- .. ...- . .. _,- , .< ....L ". ,,- .... ;....








t.-le nt apposition besid yet..hereae are ith it Part- eo the l -eft ;- .-k.,"" ..
6' 1 a ol .. : -" .. e I...-.... ........ -..:









rther are- to other prin- considerable strength .in the par- The thir part of! th.e :oppS" ; ..-:' ,~ -<.
--. .....'. .,:. K . . l's." "k l ,. "?.,., ,. ,ri", ."









L rtes the 14th of J-rie ty .organzation ai& thet que9- -siti. quite a.differen torgan ....CO.-..... .H IT,....-L,'I.."",....4,- .
,=ewent and the. Dominican. tion is whether they can .succeed izatiqi. Thisi -thaijonm~ican "*. .. ''- "-. t-, -,.$.2.
ilfionary Party..*. An.. dominating, the. ,pay .r and. e~s-. R pevolutionay a rtyr bp.ead.ed by "I ":" e "
,,ii o" pi.. .utt", %br










i. 14th of Juiie can be call- tablishing' it asia gi odi hi. -i the well kno wn leader -of the..op ';i-;"'> t-, ,.. e
i A ,: ... . ....;-Y"..."-.- .. ..










Ihe party. of the DuIninican though, nationalist and perhaps I.position n e.il, Dri.".a.. _osh ...." .........
- .ld o. ,--..
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S na ecem HAIT PAGL 15











P. Q' ... ....... .... A A I
,.RE- ..," . R E PORT: .HOPPING CENTER.
N P.. G, x67%9, PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI B
SDo Xmas Shopping At















t 5 ABOUND THE WORLD IMPORTSDE
7M, O.' V.. 6. O. .EP .rawgic U ." .. I

GLL ... L MIRT H
I L YSNABD. BLAVO, iREOLON, VIGN




'T F BEN D ALT AN. ROYAL DOLTON. .
'Io":, 'o-T". " " A VET "BIS O









,'*, '. CO."_. '. ';D',I E ^ JJ(_|.|[ CREAM, Al F ENCH.-.
""A '' "' SANISH LIQX IEUS.
HANSEN' IAL ..,lRA,."
:-p.re. :: '-.A V,,." ROY L C, .. A GEN,










".e.! -j '-i FRA CE. .." HARD AMPA"A" .. .- 'DOUL* :

Q ., .E. B... .._

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alms







''HAITI


M. Bernard DIEDERTCH
Directeur HAIT-SUN Port au Prince
Jeremie 13-11-61.
f'on cher, directeur
' Cormme creole ppur journalists haltiens ce vomi chien qu' pas
Lab paraitre sou la feuille voila que ou trouve ou seul pere nnur-
fdipr pour oun langue que parents rejete. Ce poun ca m' v-Sec
lya ou dernier sonnet que m' ecri. .
r Lan nun lettre d'Espagne oun- correspondent apprendb m'rin que
certain etudiants venezuellen envie connin creole. Si Willy Lamo-
the ac Franck Fouche te interesse m'croue que n'ta' cab ec.! en-
.amble oun grammaire creole-espagnol.
Ce di que toute travails Martiniquals, Triridadiens etc execute-
'deja sou langue la ta cab servi n'-de base.
':"M' trouve que, vie pas vie, foe gain oun centre cultural creule
an Haiti.
Votre. .
EMILE ROUMER


: "TOMBEAU DE LILIA MILLET
1.^- ".
i.tPour saint que n'te oue vive ac charite, la fol,
4tnOus to senti vivant oun Eternel Presence, .
!un Ou lan-mer l'autre pays simule embruns. a l'anse
quand yo di n' quo jamais plus nous pas,p' tende oun
'voix.
&`;Nous pas t' la pour adieu et ni meme au revoi
'Min lan coeur n'attendri voici que sans:poignance.
...leve oun' tristesse mele ac parfum et souvenance
2 'la fin Lilia Millet, fee et shinte a la fois.
.aijnais plus? Ce pour I'autre moune pareil amertume.
l-Mmin qui main qu'ap tisser aube et surplis ecume
'(lan vent Nord cote Ian mer ap fumin ac embruns? .
': Malgre monde avili existence nap poursuive
i..:.mn lan coeur n' na garde com oun sachet parfum
t:.nn souvenir attendri pour saint que" n'te .oue vive.
E ile ROUMLER


[-POETS' CORNER -

NO RIVAL LIKE-THE PAST

, 'Ais thoee who eat a Luscious $ruit, sunbaked,
Full of sweet juice, with zest, until they find
it'l finished, and their appetite unslaked, -
-And so return and eat the pared-off rind;
e, who in Youth, set white and careless teeth
i the Ripe Fruits of Pleasure while they l2t,
t ter, creep back to gnaw the cast-off sheath,
A -And find there is no Rival like the East.
Lawrence' HOPE


EIRE AND ICE .

Some say the world will end in fire,
Some say in ice.
i From.what I've tasted of desire
I hold with those. whb favor-fie.
But if- ft -had to jierish twice.
I think I know enough of hate
To say that for destruction -ice .;
Is also great --
And would suffice. -
Sobert FROST

r. .-
... Monday Night

HOTEL B1 LELE

Shango Night Club ,
I, ti


.(Conti
human be
with its 1


SUN ''


.. .
Snakes Of" Hafti


nued from page 11) rural *population -pushes pi
I to cut the trees of-Cur fores
eings and to whip them settle more fields under ci


tail. The explanation is


this kind of snake usually lives
near its hole where' it breeds
its pets and it. thinks, perhaps,.
its babies are in danger with the
presence of human.
A small -snake, called "sand
snake" (couleuvre sable) can be
found in certain "'andy" areas
of the country; specially near'
the rivers.


Air these, varieties .of snakes
are in disappearance throughout
Haiti since the introduction of
"mangoustes" in the country.:
And also since the growth of
/ !


IP'AGE 16


atidri. "
ailed. .-. - .-.
.DAMBALIAB Dambala Ouedo, sn-k god
S;- and his wife Aida Ouedo4 rain-
Damballah is0'one of the gods bow and water- goddess/ seldom
of the Voodoo. Mythology,' consi-'come- under the peristfei and-
dered as a "bloid".-.His symbol when they are urgently'-'called
is a snake with his coiled- body for a -*eremony; they creep oti
around a stick. The Haitian peas- the ground, imitating asn much
ant ip afraid to kill any snake as possible the movements 'And".
that could be god in his animal the- cries of the snakis" that
appearance; the peasant prefers sometimes make the;-'..crowd-
to abandon his house for a short tremble. Dambala Ouedo and
period .rather than take the risk Aida Ouedo being a divine- cou-
to hurt Damballah, which could ple,- never go apart. Their sym-
cause all imaginable calamities bol,. in general, is. the .'.snake.-
to himself "and his -family. bambala is -identified .to St 'Mo-
During -a- voodoo -'ceremony,. ses.


Sa...
S *- .s
* .. k & .


yes.. you get.






b eansin eu




.A..F E .....

The all coffeeimftanit coffee wi
"Let's have another cup" taste.
It's no asecretAtht.t e-xtra coffee beans make
coffee extra good. 43 choice, deep-roasted
beans go into every flavorfl-cup of today -'
Nescafe. No other cofr&e.'.. no aitter how
it's made'... tastes so fresh, so friendly, so
completely satisfying In today's Nescaf6,
-he accent is on coffee!

Get iECFE todIayi
gn6


.Sunday, DecemberZItI jI 41

When a servant of this ,o..is
"possessed" by the La,. his. est
ures' a like the sfak At etoE
sids; he crawls on thegrfound.
SI n.'spitj.of his white s3bomplek-
eople ion, 40,taik ah has a great deal
ts to of fidels or, servants in tli* black
ultiv- country. .


I










* 41


#dir4 in ea and-steri thinI
', :...- ;i'madlatton-.- ste "" ....- m"

.. .a.. .. ..-.. ...
-thesm u eatmbn st

t i^Btenalizing d tanf roele a
th s._..a~_ rob1e


' So oe-ig~rapge testng -
V t ,rhe it be.ip c
, 6; ictl.ostor ...ats. -. "Canh mea


S; .tir ul ousted of


..W. beiw ti







_d ort, -l"f" ,i w... n




: ..C.-,
% A bu-* ;, "* ..-...-*." .'-." '- *



. ... .. .










-. :3-e'o--,.., -.. ;' .. -4 '':


STATEMENT BY PRESIDENT KENNED
ON DOMINICAN SITUATION -.
*.. " . 7 ;_ i : - ' ; ..- a


,tuonuqea from page 1): range cooperative programs .utn
Into an effective, soundly-'based der the Alliance for Progresis
Sdemocratic..i sy stem-. In this which' can be of direct bene
tWs struggle, they have the assur- to the Dominican People. I eI t
ans ance o&f our sympathetic and pect that. this mission will. iiI
t. jangible- support. I understand rive in the Dominican Repub4.
m* that the Organization of Ameiic- late this month or very. "rIy
,an States is now considering the' in January. -.
Sifhing\of sanctions imposed up-
on- the Dominican, Republce by "I understand that Mr Fei
les collective action. in August 1960 Herrera, President .of the Int
.nid January 1961.. If .the Coun-- Ameridan Development Bank
bil otf the OAS takes such .actl6n will head a high-level missj&io
S-and our representatives are to the Dominican Republic ,
o supporting that step- we will the near future to begin discuaZ;
t resume Diplomatic relations with sions a-d inquire .into, ecpionm.
the Dominican Republic pronipt- and social development projects.
by ly. When this takes place ..the "These actions are intended':-'.
". Depa ment of -Agriculture will to assist the Dominican govern-
au& .,iie .- "rtases imdeg., .the ment and people in developingg:
-Daiumcan. aljocatlon 0. non- a sound economic and social
uWLot.siigar for the first. six structure,. which is indispensable,;'
ints of 19 2. .' to an enduring democratic ponl- .
--. 5 .' - "t'" "' Cal system. : :
In. ~ adii I propMose .
ser i A on the. installation .of'a "The Dominican people anhd.:
'Cominc. of State, a United States their leaders confront a great
Economic Assistance .e mission, and seldom-given opportunity: .
headed by Amb ssado Moscoso the'construction of a democratic
of AID and including Dep As- society on the ruins of a tyrari-
sistant secretary of State Milton ny. It is a noble task, but it .Is'
'Barall to visit the Dbinacan not an easy One. We wis thetm..
tpubl.t .Its-purbse wiff 'be to well, and we assure them of ur "
explore emergency 'requirements desire to assist them in their
:and':'BLpossibilities for longer- efforts." .'





Come and Enjoy
THE SUN,
THE SEA,
S ". -- THE SALT SPRAY-I
S . At The

M, SA NDS


'hum ) from town);' L 4
o m-o; '. eo ,in Portau Prince... 1




,..'-' .s ,- ) '"



o:-. ^'Wl.- a: 'C
A sA










u........... ,.
MN O 'P'". ,..-....
VIIICOS ~ & vpnM

~ ti:z-


* 1







"' HAITI SUN''


at on tr.om "BN MI


O- f ri
pulture Inspeat4


I-


.- *'{ ni f ii f o '& w |",- L".V i ;! np-.- n .- v . .:
'h Artibonite. Valley VegatallieFarn i -

iter of Agriculture, are interested- inthe truls of Administrator,% the Agroziomiist ,
A tur e Roger L.
ar d T i'ade Ctrip -ar to te '. Roger M. Cantave, the Technical
.I* ' nyqvegetables The Visit Director, Mr Charies B. Wiggin
undrtakeb OD- ; The' foUowing personalities ac- and ODVA Chief Advisor, the
ea onk -;.pf r oibn-'cmpanied. Mnistr Thear d: 'Agronomhist Leonard D. Otto, ai "
,SceCuba &.s no longer' Agrononists Richard Lee. Win- delegate froth ICA. '.
ornieState, ou tprs Chief of USOM Agriiltur- -Fird of- all, thl 'Secretary of
'ha itse 1 ake great al. Division;, Polynice- Dorsainvl, Stte-. was escorted to -pitrttions
S age s s whi Chiet ot the.-Agnltural Divi- named Moreau des Isles and Bois -
ed veta&es an sia n ori. oHADO,. .andMrJean Blanc. (former Fatbi. No. ., of *' .
il..!.-1see.s. -Gury at' the. Dniens Audido-Vi-. .he S t an d Frui) where
efmg futu ..e sa Service. At 1Borel(they.were gg plantW of'the "Florida Mv-kar-
p eco -ODyA. reF et", yid are grown on 30 a.,es
m--ofInd and cuimb f.the
A &aesn ley 'ulfi '"ted o o.
o6:aes. A"' P teie if the vi-"
cty i "of jP~ob t Soda c Cres


-ei.ctz%
id^


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'- = .":L "'"-':" -, .':; '' . _5 t-.=: : 'i .
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Al?
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S-A . -. .. :.- :,.. ,,:', ,,." ',.;'.. 'C- d ; "'


:T2j.-.A ~pJECJ.
.~


7al."







Sunday, December 24th;


Sailor' "Mermaid" N
Her. Appetite, I

(Continued from page 6)
mammals must not be turned on
their. backs lest they suffocate
from the weight of a stomach-
full ,of weeds on their, dorsally
situated 'lungs. Nor can they be
held under .water .,too .ong lest
hey drown. Transportation is
.cult mid' expensive.
jttle is known regarding their
reading and rearing in -confined
areas. :Manatees are reported' to
have only one offspring at a
time,, aidd the young are slow .to
reafA maturity. It might take a
,erylVong time to biuld up a
population of manatees large
enough to be .effective.
And a major consideration in
g to establish them in areas
where they cannot, be given comn-
ple.e protection by authorities,
is that the manatee is. good to
7eati"prized -or "food, and. being
0sl0W. .d" be killed. by

I smn upn whether to
Ianaatee or nbot. to manatee,. the
-FA4 note says:
'In. the. state '.of our$ present
Ukntledge -it. appears that man--
sates may be quite useful for
4aqqatc weed. control in certain
orfned areas of British Guia-
, nar e.g., some dordestic water
JsuOiy reservoirs and some can-
reserv.o i


9,61 -


I''HA- ITI


qow Considered For
Not Her Form


als and drainage systems. Whe-
ther or not they would be equally
effective in other areas of the
world--especially areas to which
they are not Indigenous-, or in
very large or "open" water sys-
tems with rapidly growing plant
pdpulations is upknown...
"The amount of economic 'be-
nefit (to fisheries, irrigation,
transport, etc.) must certainly be
weighed against the costs of cap-
ture, transportation and establ-
ishment in a new area. Further-
*more, it must be clearly recog-
nized that the introduction of any
exotic species, bho*ever innocu-
ous it may appear, sometimes
creates problems far greater,
than those which it attempts to
solve or which were contempla-
ted originally."
Meanwhile, if one has a man-
atee under 'observation, the Bio-
logy Branch wvil welcome re-
,ceiRt of supplementk.l data.


FOR SALE' -
I OPEL Camlonette 1958
Sealed bids will. I received
in the Offices 6f TEXACO until
4:30 P.M. Decexbher 27th.
. The vehicle my be &%a at
Mices-of TEXACO, Rue Bonne
E.ol. ". ,
The Company TEXACO reser-
.ves the right to refuse accept-
ance of any and all bids..


1I .PETIOiNLE IT'S





f 1tU00fee altitude ye only minutes s
from the heart cf P(oRT-Au-PfiNdE .

:The most exquisite as?ieWs.oer1ookinS 1i4ity
-.a bay, the plains, e mountain .

*" Deeidious dontinental dusine and superb


k: iPeirsonalibed attention to eQery guest. V

SSvwimming Pool wiTh Lundheon Lounge
and Bar PonoramnpTerode .
Air-donJilloned de-luxe .rooms .


S VEEKLy ENTERTAINMENT PROCiRAM
TUESDAjg :Infomial 'le. 3of el ,.Dandmns,from
7:3o PM tol'midnil- '
S meringue inm rud on and contest
S atl 9:3o dosual dress.No odmis",on ee
,V iEIm Aj: C'emplimentacvy g-together afdi bol i
"-'" Poartj firom 7pm to 8pm. -
FRI A)y : ala Dinner-Donde frtom ?:3oP.m to
1:3o a.m. 6uperSboSo of Io:so
Jio adm'ission fee .
I LL OTHER AJI4HTS: Ccktoil hour from 7 to 9 il
S.._ 4 nie dombo .


SUN''


PAGEMA
*----y


Distinguished Adventist Leaders In


During the week of December
14-21 'two well known cletfgymen
from superior organization of the
Seventh-day Adventist Chur=h
were visiting Haitik \
Pastor M. V. Campbel, vice-
president of the General Confer-
ence- of Seventh-day Adventists
pomes to us from headquarters
Ot the world organization, which
has offices .,in Washington, D.C.
He has occupied many positions
of responsibility both in the Uni-
ted States.\ and Canada. Before
being appointed to his resentnt
position he was president of the
Southern European Division,
which includes the French-speak-
iug countries of Northern Africa.
The second visitor is Pistor.
David H. Baasch, secretary of
the Inter-American Division. This
office represents the territories
of both the Greater and the less-
er Antilles, Mexico, Central Am-
erican, Colombia, 'Venezuela; and
the three GOianas. Previously
Pastor Baasch was ini -chirge. of
the youth activities of this ter-
ritory. Prior to his present ap-
pointment he was head of the
Adventist organization in Mie2d-
co.
' Our guests took part in various
activities during ,their stay in


.-STEPHEN BROS
M. V. HAI MERCHANT
PERSONALLY SUPERVISED
LOADING AND UNLOADING.
SERVE HAITI AND FLORIDA.

forthigh y ailings of -
Miaml-,Port as Prinae-Miami
MIAMI ADDRESS:
STelephone: Highland 51767
S rrankUn 0-728,


Port an Prince. On Saturday Uon. Pastor Eugene eri
morning December 16, religious president of the French West- it
services for the Adventists who dies Mission with offices in FborI
live in the capital were held in de-France, Martinique, with I'h
the Rex Theater. The main Eric Toussaint, his sqcrtaryj'
speaker was Pastor M. V. Camp- We were. happy to extend a cri
bell. dial welcome to these guests ad-1
" Two additional visitors were wished them a very pleasi4'!
with us for the annual committee stay in our country. -'
meeting of the Franco-Haitian S. F. M;

< YOUR HOME AWAY FROM HOME i

Sa lairier


. BU N GALOW S... ;.

FRANCK ED. 'ROY, Manaer '.-

I li the delightful "SOUS-B1OISo n!of-
S comfort and privacy o your own
S with tie best type f Hotel Aenraf t
BARJESTAURANT, SIYMG OO
A A, CTI BF JL'IA'-.A
". "ATT.-CTIVE R 4 ^.'


On
4-i(


- - .- -. w .' ... ..,wr.'r ,w: .4




G A M B-I. I J N. G .. '*- :.::'
OPEN NIGHTLY
O GAMBRL.ING-
: DA- N .I-.NG. TO

JOE- TkOUILLO-'S


MIDNIGHT .,HOj .' -"

Enfranae Charge $1.0 '-"A
SATURDAY, SUNDAY AND HOLIDAYS
S. *.* l '- "


I., N... ;.
- a a ~arS.. a a a a a a a. -.


R A '-.- 1 "--L '.: _. ..
a A -C. .



FARE FOR HA TI
Orie, las' -

4. NEW; YORK iRT-AU-PRINCE (DEPART
EVERY FRIDAY):

,CARGO SHIPS (12 PASSENGERS) $135 -ALL YEAR

COMBO-SHIPS (52 PASSENGERS) FROM $155 ,

*PORT AU PRINCE NEW YORK (DfPART VERY SUNbAY)

LUXURY' SHIPS: SANTA ROSA SANTA PAULA -
300 PASSENGERS FARE FROM $195.00,

'FOR INFORMATION .



SJosephNadal & Co?
S0. .. la.w-.
A .7. .IJU 6,
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20. .I H A ITI S U N Sunday, cnherItOU101.

TTER TO EDITOR (Cot'd) ) No imported reptle -has .a.
S, E ever escaped 'from its hous-
-,',. ':'.. --- .. ing or made any effort to do _______l-'. ___ ."' V '_'_.*-.
so;- Iuwe0011znt4
ed trom page 5) borhood, who 'knows, perhaps 3) In all honesty I .would like
-. from the Mangones property it- to say a word for the cust-
ag o the Pet Larods self, and 'when we mentioned, oms. Each hipment. has
pent is a rptile sans that some 'were missing, we also been accompanied iy' offl-
Lbrs,.. dea at par rep- assured .the thatt they .wdou cial documents und has i"a
There are more ",than appear sooner or latter, perhaps' been subjected to complete '-
otovn species, andd'Iqng to be resold to us. Within an apid thorough investigation -IR CAR TRVEL
i .ich we haye had hour they were again with us. before deHvery? Usually to . '
g'L c te 1 ti"ndse', fig, ., ... .us in company with Dr Ray-
Sp.a .l yho4a ;re. non-vene- After this explanation, of lang-. 'mond, our-vetqrinarian, '
nh addition tthis,. the uage uisge Ifeel that I. should,, 4) tpalizing :that the effort
'i a.wu h e a h, rather than titerpret the lengthy, for a zoological garden .e-
iqapable o.t -suffocafing sometimes' ,ulogistic letter of-.. tremely difficult for-private .
,.), tirinfjg shy ,nn"-.g t Mr Maqos -as. a denundig ,pdvidluals, -we Jhave, from ,- .
& pl'6O sm4 efforts -, Time to time asked advice -
-pip. tg e .plana.i f" .rom members of the Gov- A. -.. ., '
Lecier. Nowo, to von- Use of the .word 'serpent' was .ernment farm, and receive. '
tpenanatis "evdently -misleadng, and -apologize' fo hbei. helpal, consideration -'
La e f tr discomfort which I -might and interest; even .modeling '. -
fet, i t e:causedd ife ifroprietor of ome of our- eges _- after.
i ept ae" e property adjoining ours. theirs-
aae;' den algo-:p : led- MWm recalling May ',- ii-n closing offer y '
r', g i.,y lind, I, ajct thataifter this -date thanks. your joupal orpub-,. '
psigti'gn- .we were again ,able to offer our lishing lull- eports.. on this a- t af
b^^':hb i>fr2' hiospitalityb an.d MIme Man- fair with no bias I,.regret- the i
s. n .Ot6 gones' ir est th no hysteria. which.. has-been caused ''' '"
." compel ",I -',or., '"n-ent' d4nges.' My ar.png that ,part of the popila, -'.l
sgones t f id confusions profid. binwhic-h.as, tlaken,'these star-
.....ts 3 -- i. ies o heart,.and .cad -only bope
"4a2L4.14a. aj na.u41'U SOwT L that the fll. report ,from Da-
la tiTfien -viI* W gaflirm whit T .iave.
latere. ; :: "hen r'e S already. state5; ai sgte a g
to1re rern el today. -
00 -d -7 "m. .
^ ^ l 5i4Zc~wre tner pionousf or dangetr Y -ors.SAierey,,- '










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1 .1 3


*1
S. .
-W flri Eitld ood66 tb i1T sure hope so. -I 'saw,. a' little
I ne. those Colgate. bicycles He dove tip.
at ps into .the receiver.'-I you ever
t1 PituIC I company is making here at Choueoune
ee ..they gave red toPAA .for helping with the lighting. John
n stati.. wagon: up close and.'turn
Sfle Field was win townllast .weekend
-wants put'ofi the resturanta bizz:'in
ip thi .g.8. Monday, accompaying
SKop Ir', ,back gt work after a bout
tf *IM d de4twIbtir is 'back h her" feet too' after a feiw'
unds with the samee liug .. lilke the 'lTwist, everybody's doing it.
KurIih--ha&- 'the' businesss' is ilosy blues'. So- have a' lot of
pple. -1hosen swkir "
ther -l.'he sweaters ei'y Alien's plant i turning ,out
ere popular hr gift, .items. -The, Ireraons a(Hampco).
rere s i.o las'ee.:waiti'gf to hear if they were going
s. mnd llolynice. hpd a ':to-6so-happy
.tg^tjlj Wthera. erehanpn -rSorids Jikh ;the AGeorge:


"t- ".-'-o ] t;-t.he, Tropigas.'tank went
^ ot oig re -r. night Wh'11 y can' thesy be
1t Jg -!io.az.beor.wa^ind W.Coies
ntleie's li .ea,4;onqye~tcallgd' yaa
,.odl.t. ae forward with asome e lana-
.- > T t .ti'ix,", ioun? ,-Why d se,,.in, shd. l
& *. ohl;.. Iie:,fd.& 4gk -t i':, im.t;'i.Sepiotbn
-" .-' 'i4 1 t .' ...' a 1' ..j .'



li qiI 4,.t..e tpnep kiixtBoat;..,-;..Bob% Lee
.. .-ffeient .I ,, pt"New 'ear's,
^^^^^^^^;D'whis.'''Sab UaGabway'r btii4N~n4la, &islted;








b an ;' i,, .- yhow^,.-i. e. ete
c.ti d. Cig: ........ 'oi. ..&W n" ic t' For

e. .M k'-iiotsAtind wB f -'* g







b^o r ; Qtie.dh e r ,the hhooidayse too.
.'
9~~o~RC-gP.kI [,'bh T".."a...





^fi ji~'iwent nth MVlL^attyt"b
-t~ral~eb wiiart' whbdiikw~~lsA*v&Vobrht^
i t i W k '.t'h..e tin line opfFrenh n d Ge fip

siz ..4 .....l' d P' .,ni k'

S*fs lus colors [at P.OO'lauhn
A i^thtfrboth~fcd 'destses ,and1 sportswear. (That shop is
4^'|^'ea. nto s a 'yWu kl 'the stock*
cfj.' ;---saain
erg a.% ;" 11 ""'tha Thai '






f e 4 "e i top frtlfre'orrii~fn.i..sesisatl'e
oiles, qr4dow nito1lhie Ka~ju'A fiancee is hbme from Puerto
i iuijd dfa, he'sabe n1t "fromt 'eai'tb' ear. WBicl'i
iezIndi'me,rheM#asiusingl onek'st tha&knsisfor radio* .wifth e&r-
tone the other day Rhdaeveonea who saw him thought it was
tieaaimd.The New York Tim ofDec.3rd carried a travel
|lglfe -,3a#Mt')ilJfexetit.,and'Delightful Haiti"- with Leclerc" given
sjcific mention. By the way, -there's a Reveillon at Habitation
lerc is a feast and champagne cocktails as
ai as Thd~iN'&xertazpnien ti.png from '9 and 'dinner at 10-
n 6 dnet4'et.,tonti l long and Merry Chris m s. I
a.e "astm .inu s..opp g .to do. .
S,. t"' : J' "


., "., oWt 4Ut aohttatonf Licterc
"'TAHITIA LUAU"
'' ": '' D c ber 24,, 196 .
:...,',. ." i-^. tau".,..,.
,.' ,' Champagne Cocktail
..' .. ':D, T a'BF OM 9 o'clock
!.!> .t.;-:, .'n,.; AT. TEN ,,

^ fel*.7ie*:^ perperson. / .
'[ ;,' -,)" : t .; '. : -
.,, ." . .' . k .'+ .. g 1 . +, .


An important quantity of drugs
were presented to Public Health
ieptrtmnent by Slister Margaret
Joan, Director of the Foundation
:for Crippled Children.
.. ,* .' X xX X,
Bill Serment who,.keeps Pan-
Airplanes running.. sd consisten$-
ly, blas been-feeling off'his oatd
lately and is in' Miami 'for a
physical dheck-uip. '' '
,, ', ... x x x ; '-
AR] 5A. INC. which manu
factures high-elass,, but 'high-
,.sla.s,, d.i e s '; apd. children's
shoes for United States 'markets,
,'repe6irty had its a inual meeflhg
i r, Atin. Lseohard Taishier, LwhO
lis dxie.'sd 'much for-thec'ibm-
merce oi Haiti, is' pIreslideit,.oo
the 'company which operates'-na-
,zubeturing plavp, jp both sop'


much of "$vhicho 'comes to HaiW'9
4fl' payrols' circulating then
throughout: :Pdrt 'an Prince 'cord-
xnetc,, 41vays; generating taxes
for te Governient.''Ju le, pii-
oa'n.'t n iheii, most' effective
managerss her,' or any place, 'is
'in gi6k' ofdfHaitia4 operations
company. ; -.






2 2
and'e over. fimlml 6ion teidolerS,,

SAteripcan Ladie s ^
V Ad .oJe .'*o*e to .
dif b d i fthen> i i abie '.
isf~clngc :r;royal;:pupils; Tbey
studied p.* po.esito ad, .drawing; and -'the
eltou *werfetly eat ed" with




dti ,Iur1 ..W- ' *WAL
them were ':from between st eve
and% 1t ul fie tn' the t he







in.g;weus tnlloii^te arr .iage wich
thea ftert' o rflme, princesseo'
dIfereolxuc ita' themrie dalities't
a .ioe s, thost guans.,, ,, ven
Yet; -the progress a both wase
considerable Te and' the queen,
ai&'efJtdbeie, a Mng',d. '".
Tet ^perfecitly satisfied 'with'obur,
.nd "vour a .n -'e*. .A ir,, 9 .. ,
"'We occsionfilem dined riethr ant
queen; o' pur. p"uils also som'-
imes stopped after ,the' jhour d
Sinstrucion r conversation" qrie'
w', 'acc mnp.me& theind 'to'u the
gade... but we fltin" 'a '"gent
measute,' excluded from society.
..o ]f,,we use,.the carriage which
'as. at our service, u we could
ride'* only to a prescribed dist-
ance; and we were perpetually
inoyed by' the guad, i we ven-
tired on a 'ramble, inquiring
who we were, and whether we
were going. The eoiqi.ette of the
court was intolerably irksome...'
We haid come from America
and the confinement, restraint,
and ceremony, we'bad been quite
unaccustomed' t, and could not
suffer... 'We determined tat length
to resign *.our charge,, and to
quit the ,place. But though'eour
stay. was shorter than we orig-
inally intended, we can never "re-
collecb our' residence in Hay.i
but with feelings of deep and
lasting interest. : s
(Re.Jutted from Sketches ,of
Hayti; from the expulsion of
.wther French to the Death of
.^cmt asino^ ^aly irksme..


"A


,iThe; Movadlo sepp ire rystl ft ," a
Its' hadness's sur'pasaie't5': geld lfgureial dt
, only by that'of the diamond. ..' i
You will cherish you'.t : <
Movadp which dffer you' -. '
- precision thrice triumphant r. -
In three Yearsath'p..o.fficlaols .". lnitin ral e amo 'e
Swiss.Ob-etatoir'a .at "' *" 'm'it ga 4-td',.
Neuchttel). gold Igure dI.it
" A : .


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In. the line. of Military Assist- On their departure, Capti
ance Progr~m', '.the following, B. Crist of US Naval MIs
members of 'Armed Forces of was 'preeif at lihe Biwen*
"aiti flew .p the' ,SA on.1 Mn- hiey '"iuts. ye mon .
,day Decinber, 18th: Corpdail .Sai Dii X.:i ndleton1-e 4
Jean J~aque* Eiilho n ih..
enlisted 'men F. 'Stanus,. ii gie'
Gilles,. "a '. l 3rmont.J. F. shooting.,and 4.l ld ba p ;
'Jeanty,'M: Mptelus, R. Desilus All the expenses are .te
and M. R. ylvain. .. ge f US. poe: ,m.-. .


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1 A,
taMvina Wllmm
K *HAmfAN. ^NSTIWPJE 'OF" fANCft '
i : i. 1 *' ii . *" ''' <' :'. .".*^ -',. ..,^* i* **" '* ,..-^ .

Akiunduelf Spevdia1 Oou^ bekiniil4'Sa A4f
**.-*."the '.,;.'2 new daiweqraz: Li 'A^
r*'" .. '., *,*, .,.,..,:',.!- .,.. '*,..
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M t!Pfl#4fapoe wo C hie% 44'__14
6"f-di.ion'.He- had'11tV- '." '.. :' .'so-b. .m-. -.... .

AN: P "MiOgest" .oi ofi" '" ' V& '"" "
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e '.n "el -."
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l~i~gst "ois ccl~b" -;l ; 0 "J .. .. ... .


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V_!J-4;A2 -Pine. .008"OA',.
i. h' ~ trnA&rda the 4pappi~' ri~& ,d e,,1ib. ne -:e sksir4 ,,4;
AoA~ asethd fsTut1sf yedne&c





























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,and hi
yer '
i :Ne,
Sarriver .

e sorb -t
tii
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k iher- -


hoApenU t:.
MY&dn~jg _


M,: ." -.-yr .'. -,,'.+_'." ,' ,. *," .- ,_. .. aI ... -
. aot,an eonomist from- Canada, .;Ala Samu.ls, a Insur
pic&:.. Brker.frdm E-ar-Rocklay L.-.. ar~ r e Barb -rried
Sii oveibBrt.,25 ar d Tur incot y w, th ChtmintHer-.
et"s eii a.adwile Arid.'e on.;August, 14, they, are. a dn
"guests Tf.. ..rf ..&dl: Egineer -Jacob Wegweis'r o
.ife.-jasytew.uhe.trsdayClarice !Middlemrrk is res-

c,' ,tbt..e ,sian .'.ld..Adfis tioni w as wVseing .wife ,
" d'fal6.Nn.* Jpseph.apL e 'Peter Presl. The trese'!
^ ieaEthe airport 'b'iorlin' w ke i e .
-a.eiPtrven-i. he .d tyi tb t'efludg.officeith .
SMa el, a meni br,.of .he. Natro0al','Associafion. fr:.the(
,. ,adv eet llobured .people (NAAP) is ,the .resident.ipf.. !
4i tUrbai; Legue, .a, snilar- orgatiztion of Rhode Island jose s
-''Mexat d -Ptessel,"'their son,'s< a-iot a.Uniyrst
'Ai.ll". sta, his .Seniqor year-T., a year.. Spe "oing Jour languages'
E, ngish,'t nch, German-'anddRussian,' Joe .will, Agz rate in nt,.
tal :relations: Peter PreSl .is, an lrigineer. .,This harmin'g
. ;:-.Mr.- v.i edeelr his vile .Rftslyn, son Brad 9 arid dauter'Gina
,- .6ad .brothBarry..1'arrived, this Week for a tw week vacation.
-'ciUdir.. the Haitia' Sun' because ,they. like .to .be warm mi ,Dnpcembeig.
,., Mrvav4Tledel 'is the Director Fotmder of the -Fiedel, Scbbol b
."Csa.,,.e in Bayville, L.I., New- York which teaches,.all arts.
rs.oRslyn Fiedl .assists;. her., ,husband in the directing df this-
Sschool. Mr Fiedel wap. a teacheifat .the Teacher College "of Col-
"-"'libia UniVersity.. A composer,' he composes. for dancing, group




" 4
,.i N M." "

MWII.M ..BER :3 AT 8:00 P.M.

'SPECIAL CHRISTMAS DINER k
AND -T1,IOOR SHOW AND DANCE
DECM 'i 31'A'-8:00 P. -.,

MIDNIGHT SUPPER
.. "PETIT 'REVEILLON"P :
SHOW AND DANME
To the lusi of Me "$niti's best Bands.
-"M t .ou ..RVIti.i C. de La Fuente, Manager.
air..


** .- : *<


' IUPER-RIB . ;'' ** ,''

SSpecielement cohtgu pour-doW. r uneiAduiiteJ
aisee .. pour une meilleui.egfaeult4'i ,
station, pour moins d'usutre .. '.allez voir -le
Super-Rib de Goodyear. Et, tousles superbes
pneus tracteurs Goodyear sont-construits Ai
-entoilage 3T "Triple Tempered", une'.extlu-
sivitd de Goodyear!


IL Y A D.ES PIJEUS GOODYtAR POUR CHAQ-UE RO.UE DE LA="


iundziy;.-December 24thi I1Gl H A I T 'S U N 'M
., .,.-,. .. .:

N I 'I"' THIS WEEK i sucAs the mode'r Baliet gro 'p here t:ie gambling room of the week, Mrs. Shirlby -IK
":" : .., yp Nicho4li in,New, .York.' .Casino.. is, very 'exhting. every. iden of fhe Kqbeon
Tribune..d ,was .put the .Con ess nal Record t. e has an At' Gallery in the night. Matt is 'thb most person- .rctorsof t b
,Trbune.apd was put i the Conessional'Rcrd t I chy, ilviB Haitin able Americin I eer' aimet, asaid Yaork an'dm ni
Senator Dennis Chavez from New Mexico. This newsrtan is on painters to exhibit their works a prominent Haitian busiqess- daugHter P a.tbiiatJ
ti* _. 'es-.he 1tt '"gst.. pai there. man. It is fun for everybody to 'her. assistant
mrhis 1is. t eastu vea Press i, The' Fiedels are guests at the watch him play craps and he is Managing Diredtor ot
Oloffso. . .. a God send": for .,everyldy Company and his 'w
M:an,"--i- !t-i" i1. e ad of joie "**MJr Matthew Hess Shulman, .around him bfut 'the Casinp .itself. and:19-yeair-old: .on
" .i.. b. G.ie und; his the Idmous Plastius Tycoon and Matt l as.an 'Ouanga: (a.Vo .4 yearn. 9d daugt..
G.-. . d his distiriguished wife Pearl doo Doll' Ti-Mamman -who gwive their tw lovely dau.i
-t 1,6'. .t .' tf.i W A"x.8 Shi9rley keep meeting the menibers of amn luck). ,'i Maiman a ma; 17 arid Teresa :13-ah af
t tb 's:h ; ie .".vnpm Pat- their party at the airport. Matt hogany statue wgho graced the red eime r
.j.&...",,'ii'ley and and Pearl arrived Thursday last El, Rancho's .Bar is honored Trigonometr .'aft'te'
l.:'. before and are giving. ,headache to ,Co- Eyeryday with white flowers -- Musi ari Arts..i.
S waIn '.ke Ebin4i n South radio Salimbene,. President of the she is.a LVrgin arid:. wear ,bpau- Mrs Sarah Wean
s-as. hai.: smate dliyton .Casino, since then. Matts hobby t l gold" ernnrgs.. .- Mr Jrome "Wean, $ei
^ '.VAc ttit, of is gambling. With the -president Matt ~aid, Pearl dnd their sha-' duction.. for.'Stix Pr o
1 eje'ever, of the 'tix Products, Ihterna- do6w GuiteS van. (Speedy) Saiv- his wife
,are d b rteen the tionl *Manufacturers of plastics villier ,greeted with flowersthis .. i (Cmtined on


dancer. '
iand' his .
'A" .
in .. iruit 4W ~ 'dni :" .__":: : '"'_,"'. ___.-.a a.. ,, : '"; ,..:..a..,..r .


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Voyag par..
.... A -RRPRANCI .

SBEDG ET, CARAVEFE.... a ... s':
SmO .... .us. ....a u 4K PLWSGRAND @5K U '".OD.


~Miss Gl e Petit'
tWyil Become
il Louisi Appollon
Satu'day Decemnber 4 th,.
hiring Miss! 'Gisele' Petit.
t-.'. f our busiiess-miapag-
a:d Muf Marc. :Petiti will; ex-
wit Mr,. Louis: Ap-
So M.. f a.id Zs eur

mphip a ceremony will take
Sacre-Ceu de* Twgeau
I h'..:P.5: , ".
ISUN presenfsrJl .oest
the
est~~, ie future ou-
d 6pxt1ds its eepest -cph
on~,to their pibud ,-.p


... T O EP ..


FOR SALE

Vori, sale acres beautiful land located in Northern par of.
HaIiti between Cap laitien and the famous 'CITADELLE" owner
rcs.iding permanentlyv i.i-L-.A desires to'sell to someone interested
'Ii building beautiful reoi-f or interested in farming. Full. rlce
$15.000.00 or best offer Ipr -further niformafion contact Mrs Marie
BELIARD, $ue. Faubert P.) 5 Petionville, Haiti".


ar bt.eginnifg to ,unAdein'une the Dr" Mitciell Silbert a pr in-
Linei reputation 'whiph .Haitian ent optician from Long hIland''"
artf. idhrto. e3joed tbrobad no- and, his lovely pretty wife hi-
thng .'Co.id be ,:more 'ef1etive ley .are currentt guests ieore.
as ,a counteractgi that :. have Ch lie; '-is .their ..happy.- 'Guide .
the international] spotlight f'ocu- Charming' Mrs De 'rah Sn de r
ed. on aflfaitian artist if the a Psychologist.fronPhilade.phia
'quiet integrity and geniii a- i.s spending the .holidays with
jtic Jeeling: QJasin oseph. ir friend Ms ius To ' .
1 '^ :4.. -.*.
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L Statement "
Bt President t
John F. Ke1nedy

.Pertanings To T heilk

.'-- Lommuican epu lic
e

-note of .the mot' .en.ourtgictg

,n ..l.c.'n..ie, i juo^ '- pb-




,iiieiembebe j!T17ta'ndd has now.
ith^ p-rnapar
iemenfis o6 edemocnbe A o

i n M n 4p reess -
nstratpgn ,of 1I sttesnlph hQ

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Br,.aetnantrs, Hotelsete
Resemvafons aa Hotels pid
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*A y.. ou will ef4 f.teexqtus
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USDwl Ma chine T Solv

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A machine very close to that culitor, and was ;riot built" to bertrdn" is punished qr reward-'
a i u tan vidich aHIs de ,cobmplete '(apid. calculation d ed. .
bs, leans, p ts from its er; other tasks that a calculator per- When thi n rachiie *'commits
re arid -nts how t, f e- foriifs. It does not work logic- an error, the instructor presses
WIve problems s ~sca.ia g '*an, ally as'"do the, alculators, .but a button, which constitutes. a
s .jut yopdpd 'by the 'Istep-by?-step" with some fdrin- punishment by fording' the mach-'
ayth the'nited ula prepared by ,technicic s. 'ine td reconsider het method
t ., :- ." .. and .to readjust her memory.
ke. man the "Cy rtron .. The '..Cybertr n. 'attacks in- The lristluctor ohly has to .tell.
it is- called--learns by trial .solbier 'pl lemp..Jt epoys her' she has committed an er-
Sideisor.-Iestahll" z:yrapby ortri solbethodppl .atta. k, fuzq yis he o. When the machine teplys
between .new'asituatjps i; db ., s t h corrtc'ly to a problem .st e tJ H
ndexp rr itl, d byvpezfectt apqavr h *Wa. s ccey l suo e Ikes rre lrded .and is permitted to.
tinualy. .' all t'an who ar by ne the o umte
ot.is a ..cal- ooC 4lti ied. esponse, .the ..',, Ie. t
I-, ".. ", ..Th.d :.. -,. rh "Cy tber' tr nh'' i" ,s he;r-
s: ,,e I" f .er,'by i dIrn 'death ai$ ex =r'
imni t of specific' thaterials,-;b
azid by. adding. new It'
I. bbttingfaetp so 1d
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ONHE UE,-,w,..A,, ,.P .. -0RDER NO AD ... '!.HAPPY D
a(AM XPB 4D .LUB ACfD) I THE HOLIDAYS. -
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S 'E-U'.O 6"e; Cen. ON ".'RTS .. TRO-CAL -G'S C'MPANY, 1 C.,
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SKhristophe's

,Among .,the daycasians who royal, apo- the princesses appear ment, here we arok
c me to Christophe's court were ed, dressed. most bhapdpom elegant ,deje -,
t ladies. from-. Philasqlphia.. and with a degree .o. eeleance Sth the : kin'siip.e
They were to, have charge of the which we had ioE expected.: The officers of: the o p lack
d-ucation of hii. two -d.aghters. 'queen-was. eeedixgly -obliging andA yell w b
Ve embarked.' iecounts.oie of .d. ,affable; she trade 'in- ery the
thse teachers "at. Philadelpia, quies respecting "eur passage
;lid ,fift,:.een .days, reached Cape and. health; she expres'edhr place s
n 'the'iqrer. Cea ..~ os. hope that we sho6ild'be, perfectly teret th
..ljsndedn:',p uch,..elbltated by happy-as long' as e siouid, re-; eqecte . .
ai~nesis; we 6 rerdt 'dur$- :mai: with .them, ad' she assur-
heipasge. h pi that -she- wuld .be 'fWa0s
*. 1, iv . sent r",ely-,'. .tand.4 40
,oaxthem lo 1" ,padS- t d:R -M and Jiqr nece"^a fttw
s S But .Jet ...th evident sinerity' nvi' ced.' a
t'the i st4'y. ,r "at*h .a'she Ma a'Jidndaa f ?. ..

,t^i$n4w 1 eratguaye polite; an;' appkedp Berepe
ur S*cn akasd a dea -ur h







S Sunday, December 24th, 191 t A I-T S N'. .

S' A I SUN confronting the gentleman. The reptilian subdivisions, are.mi,
h. A ', S U T most likely explanation. came able of -cross-breding, ain
from Dr. Eustache, icthologist with all life past moeba si
GTHE H IAN ISH LrANGUAGE NEWSPAPERB in the'. Department of Zoology require at least droft e o
".Comunity Weryk Published Sunday Morning at Damlen. This explanation has site. sex for m~itiplicti 's
Editor-Publisher BERNARD DIEDERICH. ; to do with etymology, or rather put'fny neighbor at :ase'p
Gerant-Responsable MAUCL LABIEB semantics. The woid 'serpent' chimera of- his propertyy 6
.' ESTABLISHED IN I Habitation Leclerc is in English a generic..term;. by Dux iianbred 7iddagerousi
ESTABLISHED IN 1960 Habitation Lecier broken dawn into'subdivisions, is perits,'.I mht say. thatmt
HAITIAN HRISTMAS TREES Prince 'mammal' is -generic. with man fime was .iimore tha.riKnefi
-HAITIAN CHRISTMAS TRES Decemner 15, 1961 as. one of 4he subdivisions.' (To. axny reptile imported. to
According to botanical specialists the pine-tree which To tle Editor the best of my knowledge these .. (Couu o
grows "in the uplalids of Hispaniola is' a separate spe-" Journal Le Nouvelliste
ies not found In other countries; the botanists can it Port au Prince DG [ .
,inus occidentalis. It is not even found in the neigh- Dear.Sir: . J', L L )
The lengthy declaration writ-
boring islands of .3amnaica or Puerto Rico. -- ten by our good necghraor Mr Al-
It is chel cteried 'by a -hard-wood, but. atthis time bert Mangones, and thn last mi-"
of-: yar its symmetry and density of deep-green, need. nute cancellation of the Pan -
Ies makes it a Christmas Tree par excellence. Which American Festival day at Habi-
brings.us to two divergent feelings: nation Lealerc even though al-
S-4s a Christmas Tree this Pirns occidentalis is of ready announced for some weeks
outstanding merit better than the imported trees of ahead, oblige md. once ymorept
thinner foliage. It is cheaper and so can. bring pleasure bWication ih order to address my-
Sto-many more homes. It brings income to the habit- self to the 'Ifaitian .public -and
afits in the momitains/, he'ideed 'need it. It .is -a small press. If have not don thi -.
but definite factor in a.favorable balance of payments sooner it is because of my ast- @I [
fqr Haiti. onishment- at the measure taken
But the habitats are-iTthless in cutting down tlie by Mr 'Maigones, and particul- Dt D
trees, and denuding hiide cnducive tocostly ero early that -this great appreen- .,...
0ion of the most fertilesoflthe. wealth of the ry. su woulate date. Had there
Jt also inoreades runfMf f- eaifall and thus lessens been the 'dangers : so 'widely
water-"esoprees. -- broadcast' these last days surely
Haitiani' ugricuetr tus tly Mr 'gbnes would have been'n
a iap.jnpti.ng yp 1 i "f... w .veui better to evacuate this proper-
ty, myself -not far' behind.
i, ee for reach hing of any conscientious citizen .to
a p imm ediately ri report these fears
y* r py, a M;.would ye op bu itr' Wall so that th&ir trith (n this-case -
the rdA toritv. untruthl could be estabtied
g r b and the 'eighb orhood duly alert-'
apnoe mpl the ed'aid prb Tcted. This a n"' sil-
Aprl o.W qds to you Junoy de ht liday en te part of Mango-
hike c 7000 -fee, b a e e itt. rt fat -an .important official, visit to' Le-
riso t o Ecalyptus- clera, gives one material for a
l ,i ath ,io t. suprbe iw wa n ith ory m breath, cold -great deal of speculation. ,
cf sp Wintet-ai- h a a ove let are-. I -have 'also been '4eayed by
: i- I 1. .. c I '- 4. ... ," .
taker gh up though other -activities .in connection i
most o. Hthe diu. l' -'.rter othrugh- oth is unfortunate rumor: a
'- o ; dkye --'-tj" wt h . ths.
.a'iea d .. barrt 0Vcg- command visit to the Polide De-
..'. a. w p-l... .l. is -. st apartment, conferences with Min-
m n1lu, few ,f h .-.most of- thle isters,-, explanations to officials
wa terupply from. Port aa Porinesor tes f- r o Bois fro-m Danlien, visits from the

gJi, ~,*i >s en I'h toly ou not least an official vist roicn -,-'
me Prfte de Port au Prince." Th Wo Most Wiik^f.-Nead'N:ews'sng'"
again -Junior), on- Bois' d'A'vril would not only brig The Prefet, by a .at stroke oi "
inPoa 'to the habitatsand to ,the Goveneat, but wisdom, arrived at the solutions a a .
bly ost import .tnserve and augment the of our 'reptilian population aat ... ,.
'-2S upply for Poti 'au Prince. A forest-fpserve on Leclerc. That same day they By ribng to 'IE at t spela tshownblo
S.Bisd'Awt,bri gi water- to: the. people' of-our cap- were transported_ cages and all ... .uneyibng to E the sp..ecial o.-te hoauiow
aresvme, poy ad enjoy-the convenice-oft y

1it61-eity could well be a tremendous monument to some- tojthe Section of Zoology at Da- mopia dUlkvered to your door or post office tbox.; b
one. So folks Good Will l mien, there to be examined byy t4y d enjoy TIME's crisp, clear, accurate- repbrtins g
of a com m ittee capable of .stating wda i i o ,-.iv-i i o rn t events in : P
a g i gi o n c a t e g o ri c a l l y w h -et h e r t h e s e r e p: *.." .
,t." e t iles are in any wayt angerouso t Internatenal A~alr :. Medlolee im
a a. .lwsr Book1

.Science f Theater Mumic
In my, efforts to comprehend t a
the. action of Mr Mangones T 'All this plus citra news of Latin America in the esdition
4 -t "of have naturally .ehausted all reee candid, often courageous reporting of evn n %i
8 ft' possibilities other than directly covered eisew p bere. o a r ,n'
toFill out the eofupn belowZooogha d att Da- ..
subscription dealer, newsagent .or booklieller por send toii
address shown. This offer applies to new subscribers only..

tie ar i rime International, c/o Banque Natlohals de Ba
iRepublique d'HaItl, Part-au.Prlnce l ,
: n m y e c o m p r e h e n d 'A l l t i s e n d m e a i r -sxpt r e d e d T I M E L a t i n A m e ri e a in t -io
S w "for 40 weeks at the special introductory price: G .50, n
veeie .candidm often boij of. """ '"-


I Addrm-e or.. O.x 't
~~~~~rm Inentinl c/o: O ,- ..'... ;kalhl .... W-...'e_ : .
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GavS'!-^


21 .i?;,.._-., _. "- ; ...Itl -. Mia : L .3. AO '.H e ir.B% f








' H AITI SUN '


I Sailrs Mermaid" Now Considered For Her Appetite, Not Her Form


imailatee, a, heirbivorous In Africa, where Lake Kanrba ,. So, therefore, when a fishery Section, FAO Fisherie
al.who in the dim pant formed in 1958 by damming the research officer In British Gida- Branch, show that ott
|'have looked like .mer- Zambesi river, vill-.be the larg-' ia puBlished'.a shdrt nofe 'in a factors have to. be con
to saillots that. definitely est man-made' lake in the world magazine on his experiments First, manatees, whi
,ep.too long at sea, is .now when it fills its 2,000 square mile with manatees as a means of it the lagoons and-larj
considered not for her ab- area by 1964, an aquatic weed water weed control, th placid rivers, of the Atlantic
::l osure.shi upon.the rocks known as water lettuce or Sal- manatee's steady diet of weeds- southern North Ameri
irher consumption of aqu- vinia auriclata has .already cov- seemed to be a' "free" 'wa .-out America .and Africa,,
is. ered a tenth -of its. surface, of the morass.
ITyear, thousands of do. This mammal, whose human-
Mre .spent. battling weeds Lavender 'Was Lovely ike bosom and rather whale- *
,oe. up lakes and canals The tremendous cost of aqua- like tail may have nurtured the -'" M
i oat6 : annot tpass and tic-weed control can be illustrat- mermaid legend, is- the s bject
r'tfrom lack' of oxygen.: ed bY the case. of the. vateik bla- of soire notes -put-togethef by
reaperss are used in einth. The commercial 'herblicide Biology m Branch of FAO's
can;is. s" that-ir~d o : .t e" "'"gint"t- "" eBiolog'Brach.o FA
a~ls .sothat all st sudcesful against it -cnst fisheries Divyision, in.(answer to i
., egha"50 n .acre apple Ti" ~ -iuests received .'or .m.ore in-
.ataerss 's.'^ has,-spreatdw t. t. ,brmation o& '.siigt .te 'mrna- ,
ite in B' by courtesy tee's natural appetite for weeds
floist tlzout- stein Bra~zl. by courtesy of-as a solution to the costfy.aqua-
rou t the 'Wales: *oe' t h s l ds a solution to 'the costly -aqua- .. "
S- toe. who thought its .pale, a- tic weed control- in fishing wat-
t .weeds ghqlo g' vender .blossoms were lovely and &rs and irrigation caia ,
'blades. "ool. home-a slip.
D, -Downgraded froM siren to ?seaa
c .. -. ow,.. the mianatee'is large, bos-
:;- -.." -- ,'otnj- ,m ni' .a' -. '.- o y m h. paddlelike ' "- . ..
fore feet,, no. hind feet arid a -
S" '"'I'"/ /'/ '4Y q S' [ i broad, ronhded l5ottpm She hlis
'MEN'SMRTS blunt .muzzle, small' routh.
wth' -flehy lips, and lacks exter-
C iARVES nal ears. She' oastis a to,,gh
hide, scattered 'aiir and an ex '
N" DKER I"PS presson .tt onl another.mr.an
A.'... atee. could find attractive.-


-A-
.n'te'.';;.
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s Biology
her major
isidered.
ich inhab-
ger warn
coast of
ca, Sotith
have 'few


m 6f


^V hs~or^

I' .* ,o;n t

.. en te, label
Isr R .4 V
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'a
S

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The notes pkbted ut that .e '.
n;anatee- ill.- happily t any. .
aquatic, .plant. ekcept- those that' ..-. ....
re wpod.-it eVen grazes,-sy ...
fenatically so .thai one it has
:: learnedd an area it perlodjWilly
combs that'.areat .thereafte to.
keep .-the water clea ." '
manamthe like.to chew aw y to- .
gather. In several experiments
ciar id d ot the ishr' re s-
Search o er in .B.riti': G ,lana, : ...
7h feet, long. were capable of
clearng La canal 2 ft wide and a
"A 0 msoni -


However before one rushes
out to deposit' a manatee.a.Ser dtx.a.. al': S d v Ha r .e"d.:
ne.'rby wbed chokednlake-A the
notes c d by Mr llia HOTELS: RESTAURANTS &SS5
W Jni and.:esources 'iilou 1 L"
.. "P. `A!'".t


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CA Very ap e'Ya
.4 F .- Y'
tit- .-".6 .

To All OUr Frnd .:
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,fl J


sunday biecenher b24ft 1th

natural enemies. B'itfrthyiy-r-
almost defenceless against manW'
Utilized for food, oil and leather.
they are extinct or near extinct-a.
ion in some parts of their na
tural range. .
Once. captured, ihe manatee is
difficult to transplant, for iri
spite of its tough hide and large,
size, it bruises--easily and -hasi
to be handled carefully. Ther"
(Contfnmed on page. 19')-


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* .. '- Sunday, ..eenie z..


e Alliance For Pro gress Miss
of --.,




e.Adv.. ,_ A s Bmdschelder, .Agronom t, R e be p


..in. Cooperatve. .The second ,day- was devoted. -: "
Ssits at e O t the cu ro-socil aspects of
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O f ho t nioo inA t t h e ,D i t n dfftAa g r lu r l t u
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i-i'' reedngJn-a- and' Hig etaff og ODVAd d uaton ays, struggling gai i s p ae
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unday, December -.-61
*$'i Sunday, December 24th Ji1-61


'iHA 'T I SUN '


Alhe Troub


(Written for Le Nouveliste) -

by Th ofms P." WITIUDNy .
What path will th.'Dominican
Republic, free at last of the Tru- A month ago, for instlmee.
'..jillo family domination after Maj. Gen. Pedro Rafael Ramon
nearly a third of a cehitury, take? Roderiguez Echevarrig was, the
'Will it return to some kind of Commander of the Santiago Air
Military dictatorship at the en"f B the WDominican Air For-
'of its present period of turimo-l Ces. No one outside the co intrS'
-with everything- pretty mrtcn had ever hejrd'of him. No' he
the same as-' before except thle is the. Secretary of State for the
,.nme of e dictator and 'his fa- Armed Forces and the person
npIj?. Will! extremism of the fa. who under, the present con;tiftu
'left emerge frdm civil cont(it tio'n would .succeed to the posi-
to establish a Communist rule sion of President Balaguer if the
on the 'pattern of Cuba? ,Will later:died or resigned. Further-
there, perhaps, be set into oper- more he '-has turned out to be
action a series of' developments the main prop under Pres'dent
_. $.ich wil.Rgive :m6re freedom. to Balaguer and- the leader o.f the
SDominican people and- perhaps drive to break the general strike
in the evd lead to establishment which has gripped the -republic
of'constitutional democracyT On, as .opposition forces '-seek the
ly events ll answer these ques- overthrow of Bhlaguer.- RQderi-
d tions, of course. But much de- guez Echevarria, a' handsome.
pends .-on. the .new personalities youthful,. brown-skinned man .of
brought? to, the ,fore ':b the dev- 37 with an infectious smile, a
elopmentst. of .:Ihe; last:. severall quick ..wit and a-.thinline musta-
Sweeks. etieo ;thes' -persoha e.leaj' io. national prom-
ties whbo. ir tJh-.tbha 'had neon e non'ng of Sunday,
lines e-w*hdeWr. un Nove$e ,whln tbc fate of
not-.so. ve gao the 1ublw in doubt. .Wi'th


i


,,_ .. a^ -. N Nm'. country. He was-',ti M
SNNU eNN WEW Sanfl., e ven
rwa saa inJi. es. It as norc*M Id
-. Gen. Roderiguez Mendez,
S. 'er Commander of the .Bi
-'i a members of the departed Tru- Air Base, was sent 'qu.
ff 5 0f 3lS irno family. He did restore ord- of- the country on ,. d
imsw*Wa a s er--tmporarily and -it W.i the assignment aft er Rod
next threat to public_ ordar that Echevarria became ep
brought him out into the openlannmd forces. oqeg
the two brothers of the assassin- against those .came opposition varria installed his ow
ated Generalissimo Trujillo. Iled- forces which -had idolized. him pedro tigo Vod'ri
for arid Arismendi,' plotting aO only a few days before. On Mcn- varria as commande oi
bloody coup to take over c-ntrol day evening, -November 27th, forces. '- Another brother-
of the country and wipe out all ,there suddenly snowballed a. mo- key post in the Nati0oal
opposition elements, it was Rop venient for-a general strike aim- of the republic. But'thery
deriguez Echevarria and a group ed at forcing the resignation of replt of airforce bffier'
of other high ranking airforce President Joaquin Balaguer. On. bi at the. San Isidro ba'
officers who came. ut Qoenly Tuesday morning, Nov. 28, Gen. Santo .Domingo which'
against, the two and blocked Rpderiguez Echevarria c 'm e down--anft all participaiHn
their plans. Leaflets with the-out with a ringing appeal to the d ti resign their' 'compn
signature of the birforce general Dominican, .people "not fo be Would Roderiguex ";cil
were dropped on the-nation's ca- sheep" and to- return' to work succeed in estiabiisi
pital to tell the-people there that immediately. Nothwithstanding as a new niilitay dicta .
the airforce and important other this appeaJ, and- everything- lVe Dominicna Republip?V.h
sectors, of the arr-ed forces that the general was able to do ed to be hls',ixm.-, .,'
would *&ct to prevent a coup to end the strike, -it pontitnued ;-
against t'e government. For day after'day. One of Roderi- R6deriguez Eche4arr;
somd- days' s a .result Rcderi- guez Echevarria's- moves, during from '-: large. and',dis, ]
guez Echeviatia was, a.-national the strife was -the advancement family from that- e"gi.
hero. President, Balaguer brought of a plan' for -a changed govern-. Dominican Republic' rth
him to Santo. Dbomingo. to head mental regime which' would have ,the" Ciba. He takes
the" armed "for ces on Thursday, 'in effect have put him in vir- iin the fame of :-geis- t
November. 23. It was to him.that tual control of the governmentt. father who lwas a ii.
the President assigned thiq task' :Even' without that he seeitd ,to er of: Dominicans in'ii
Of restoring order inr the troubl- be in control of the government against the Haistiansm.r:
ed capital torn by looting of the of .Balaguer -- but he. could hot part- of he' i19th' cen
homes and enterprise of- the' establish his control -over the -o o n'i

A . .. .


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''HAITI SUN''


Sunday, becember 2ith,,A


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From page 9) the co
r tber, Santiago Rordedi- can ai
lie" he considers to have- been of Rat
n military theoreti- ver or
or click
3 eriguez Echevarria is hilm- portrait
frbtud if being a skilled pi- office
n. hhis capacity as one of Ramfii

: .-. ,- _.. 't .






.,,. ... : .- ."""i:- .


aubled Domi


mmanders of the Domini-
Lr forces he was a' friend
mfis. Trujillo -- though net
ie of. Ramfis' inner circle
que of intimates. Ramfis'
it hung on the wall of his
in Santiago eyin after
s departed from the coun-'


try. Roderiguez Echevarria i
a, man.. witi much political se
appeal-buit' fI-w tee' he.- wit
have much 'chance to apply i
in the Dominican' political situa
tion as it has developed is no
clear. For from having been fo
a few days the darling of thi


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3URRA
es Desalines

TAL -STORE
.s~'- o* -


i "- Prominence in Dom ."i'
as heqd of a rg
mum* UCN- whic&cai4&to6e
ed front of all elements up
i stre to the Trujillo dictatorship iI
s street crowds of Santiago- .nd haspaticu stig
K Santo Domingo he has npw be- UC Dominica par iddle class
Scme their chi dev- und especiay, in iddthe lerass p
t attack as a "reactionary." s peiay. oin the literad 1
sions, among doctors &aid
- -yers and the like. It' acquh..q
r If Roderiguez Echevarria is one its leading position in the f opj
e of the two main protagonists of sition, by playing,the 'most '*a
the Dominican drama at the mo- tive role at nearly evetry po
ment, the othbr is a 66 year old in the struggle to end Trajlt
physician .and philosopher nam- ism frdi July right on dowaj4
ed-Dr. Viriato Fiallo who is th6 the end of November. Fiallo
head "of .the- Natiorial Civic Uni- come the leader'of the UCN It
ion -UCN- which is the chief cause of his. national reputation
organization of --the Dominican and bis' appealing public, persOT
opposition. Fiallo' i$ a big man alty. He"'has a bit; of the tfou
physicallE4 6.feet two .inches of the late. Wendell Wilkie ab
tall .and nearly 200 pounds in him.
weight. His .political activity
goes back a' long ways -to the ,-
period even before the Trujillo' Despite Fiallo obos qu
dictatorship when, he was promi li ies and the prmbabre prohi
nent for attacking the Ameican of. his .character there ia-good
occupation 6o the Dommican Re- deal of .question as to- lirpolit
public which cdme to an end. ical skill, and adiritness. This'
1924: For years uider rujillo leaves setous doubts abodt 1
e .was.n ad out o .ja.-. political -,bture and that 1ofi
he was 1n and out 'of .jail .-In : .
tj, period from'1947Tto 1952,- tor- arty. the .UCN TiaUo
example he .was three times, in iled,, to-denstre ay
prison .including: seven months. clearout and precise se
I soutar c donfihiemelit, -wnder urpose..and tactife iti the .I
:accusation of--attemgts .t rinican political situation -sin
ert the goverrimeft'of .Trujillo the, departure t..the ruJilo
:In 1947 -when, he had. taken re.. He mad -an inept bid for pqwe
:..uge in th.i-Columbian.E ibassy in negotiations wi the. Pesid
eiciceeded i
he was i'*fused -permissiorn-to- ent succeed antag
leave-the ..country. As lorg be- oter opposon leader
. ,. He fied to rta& ai n
fore as 1932 efbe v lo pe-he-
cution ofriao had. beg .
when the later .was fi'red- b -t o e cdi5i wt'
Proie r 'at -he iversity oc oel or the ..opposLtio
Santo 'Dbmingo 'for rest t t i
join the-officia,il l t o po in the atio p s
party. In ,191 'lbe was .dismt i.: .. et' 6the.'giera'strike
i as. iirecto *r, %inadical services nent-snowbdl and ge^ t
for various industrial, conceis control ad then was t
.under-governimenf pressure. Fia-the general strie. He haa-.be
)lo, nevertheless, made himselfunable to ringsit to an
a good living' es doctor., He spite -rpeated appeals. i
.',ivw"owadays as previously. in as. the situationg tq
a modest but. comfortable"'ho:me sees to have4Aitle.conl l
in- the .'heart-of the capital: Fial. te tret-crowdp Santo
-io i- isarried and- two .,i And.ti.suggests, .
---o of them a bsinessiban andi Possibility that if the bitter
4.tthe other 'a, lawyer, He. is.gefr- t... thin- the republic
ra ly consiydetd.. to h ave.m -~~' Lu s... -ef 'there' Ids daf "r
Scons otie" 'political conomi' )eadtship.of the- c"wds
much 'r to-theie:'
iriews and to.desire the esthliq. m t t e s.
ment of a liberal deniocrati o e-x6.-.e e e
,gime in his country. '- -" -
Fiahlo has att ined his presel t (Con tied- on page ,;,4
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O.DUPERRIER .L-
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- ...d -Th -%_! FIAL RETURN..


... ",-",. 3' per ..e. fr'- the income of a bachelo be-no deductions, for contributions to social-work, .for duties, and --an, imu.lf
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....) QO.a the'F inom ofamredcul taxes, paid, ott :insuratice -.or for losses te'siting tor~n "a dissM.ter ai > ue'i r
-',-b.: i sW 5, pe0: e nt ...,:. s".m..+ per. pe..l.onoe 1. upf to ma ned. couple;d- Thede .deductions wfll_.be. replaced bk a I) -."tan' dar ddction"" tnks~tl L+ 'ow~e br a.
3-o..)+. G 1. ,,_. a. -ad.o ... pr 1om p toa" aim m o m adjum~ed personal .inco~me a s. explaied b"elow,"Though l Q Cub .",Afbeol t !fI
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m~ "i: ..d-e -c.qen. .,,-i-:&a ]Yn, .orie9'.. ie. children, faLther, mother err.. b . ete used-....e a.O esn a, Q e'., .. te. Lollo_-Win:. a."+,.. fent'+-a- .kid"f4:greljt.
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Ie.. i er... .....-"a . .ast of the "aidus incomes"which ,constitute adjiuste' in- -.. o o" ....
T b.reg _tn f.om. paragraph Ic).aboe are reciprc ." .. ,.I
:al.IDeddotions- ofP G'.4 : per" y "a ndpr persog i1'as-provid~ed *. c,.",ome.'The. latter- comjms'es.'Th.e following.,_.. *' ..so ",;.eo.. .'.a, sotsomeo
a'U~v~ ar. all'rp l ie o At 0..child, -randson c'o grau iddatught-. a)' Cross salary- including. New+:ryear's gitt and gro~s1bol ltle ligrt : -t~L
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V
51

J



'7
:17 of, tax assgsmci kciaj et h s
"kvlt-ti6,it4ested.pr6fessional,a,sociatios, tha bE
Fit
concerns:rnere -ahy)6mpe vet-enterprim
eiiii
:'by-the-Internai: Revenue Office ts
ued
Particular. musVp aice-A owi
-0 S C an
bse( he-gs e pr(
ly, te of e qua ed
AMOUNT QF::T-HE TAX o, serve
to nal., ie-du,,:frorw he'-taxpyer- "comparison., n
The' Internaf c grane
e on, pers6 inc(
co we frbn bondsi -saIaries and Ah Ai t'
f
_p my; d6b t( s,'- 16 th
hments updn''
sse br q n the A ument,
turp basi's, and r al' ue_ba jns0&ct6r., i cQnnection with oc
es, and'.'a-n y- other? 'tic4e 9 0 income ax- the shCetLbas, time gratuiti ent Val shall ch ve been d_
be 3 , i ' I -, -L z' dis6sat and-- pledges'- not to secae I e.proce are
s Came -,,fo
axw
lullthi h di"
per5o)q : 7 .,
_,2.: Stand dOuctiort -:bf -'10. o, th adj ct6
tia on the,,,name Qf the cqm e r:, s6lL d.,
_,inves
ard m e ustedf al
o 'd .... ..
METHODS
0. case,, t
y 14spee or w 0 -r
conW in N (1), nqt, to Li G. '10
ro-; 'evenr.-.th AhO-p e ',''don i't o anyon -Nvi
3.' Substractign of I ptioris In'-the at C d4ates h I be lia e 'to; isiTplii
0;_6 e Wha' sJever
16'(l to G 0 .00" 00_.o
foi at the, be' nin Of the pre artie 'withoa pr-6mTice -to prosecu ons I d
gm sent, Arti'l rpee 13 *bould'.pr o-el b Re 01'
ti hi(
g: C
bedtiction of 10,001 to, G. 60,000,0D,
Offic'
v _-inti6rested parties.
ertaken
4 f ch eed p_ me c exp ries, w MI
da'd in- No. :2 60 mi to'b.
f -sdb twthejacbm
-1011o of. adjusted: -,;Personal- ',20% on G,.A00 oww 't oak
income-;as pres e .... 0 aaytaxp e icle97, -In case'of abi
ayer, t oq excgp
d G_ 001001, to G. 2GOM.W', 25%.-,6nG.,
ayer,
1500 if the't- mil
cou s an- action-
ar ebtor befor
inddase, Jii, 'the High Court 6f,'Ac
this. part not d
-4 bachelor or G. i,00 if imarried;-,, the said' 5W dWff -,30% n',G., ,GQ
the, tax I )roi that the prii--cipal am bunt
xrdical t al
ax, pr6vi
ex ern
er 'h
f and' for
incWTed by tl e, taxpayer.for hiffis -D ar 6btbi te:'6f -the-,supp ement
appropria
heen, prey
US A --o ty
,s being
-s by his per ns; All: lu ive
lieir a
re eke s co ormi Nvi
rniihatidn,, Arti e
6fXuust, 31
G
ons pove _Tce'rate o the tax on V income; relu'rn
come,- -aild-"in t 6,--p overnmen receip
d6cian6ifts.must be tta Arti ej,8onal
"forz
ayer -who, dqes not orwartasis)::as well as 0 commercial nd'diidusbial pmfits.'(rental
nteri*l Reyenu& Difice
y 11 .. i .1 I' 1! ihcoine',uf& those r'notiyiallyobtainable Lhe I
asis,,,an asis, is -as s Wate n
perio ,prec f di-ballance7sheet.
t
1,the he st: Int6rimil Rv6nue e within the- Iare d i Articl piofit,;---incoMb ,r6ceij theiiLtrup-,-.4
law-, of thO-tpresen 'aw w seslo. furnish explanation f eckifi t L I _g tapayerconce mer
cq,
So rptu, or m- -a d o b I ex6rf s, wholesaj&i or retail ants .9
i5o 92 n, case,: of d transfer 6f a:,business; ei er
ano h t I --their,:books 'and state3ii4nti.6f;
to iAqe of from.G.;2 e P ed Iwith er-c ying-dfijhe.s C n ow separa e y,
taken of, capital;-,vorl"'g' ess vohime,.cLibnte e, 4] e, amoun s it An taxp p.aM d NOng ems-
onfil Jes'of the folio
ayer,,subjeet to of -A conideratioh' 'or' g-ratis, the ,esent.-6w-nerref-nain-.,'ioiuti"I
f nsible, \rith the ginal 'taxpaier forpayrncntofariy I
&hartes..aiurnber,'ot. einlbee- th-builaing, oc
cert4i*, activi es*1
prbfits who ails to submit his final return 'vi _i6nt valqe 'of
reTa-"ng u6 7 cupie or o vatioqi,,w lplower,-oDsum ti il SE WOR RENT
e required by the Internal RIe-venue Ofti& 41 but d fromt 6 latter.
ief lad nit"th 'd retqrft: *!thin'. 10 wox
-'Article 9a.-Any fine, prescribc& in .di
,to other legal, penalties, to subrn !e.isal sThe, iqui 6effici&if-shall, bd.,ta c !h in 6 T-onsider
determined in the 'na-me o ille- nt6rprisdj. j3eauwa, miod" 1ho
thc! thet n6ifil71 fio" -44th e, ei nd! n,-,
A. er this .4 is ,of thetax and 7al- or b, th c6llclobr, t, lts,operatio g I o-,
e gelf-will 'be reclorG6nei su-6 -b6t*
elay, the. a a en' at out 'e of flft
ac c-6f il 1) tm
-he internal Rev enue' nWgI Y_ Mothe I e a
din the minimum -and the Yiaximurn
-isevibr
ve, 4, modok di
to,
ilt
4ti and thi's ad ecisi ay'not IsSuance And executio of -a :const 0 a
available- Worm aint 'order rifoi lth
_y usiness;:,,,,,w e Aining
Tooms Hving and
'on nunlis on-m.'
b Revende 6iff
ei, f h an
-.Jun -e
e appe before the in 6; 4 on-'; ilieAntethal
11 1936 on -kitebLen ,W
venue aw-6 a ua -constrdints,"and theDedree-4- A
-Ahe' in 1x'
c6 y
o MP s of, t- d
,n V97 .an ie ex offido' estimate
r taxpaybr in-.*riting, and- paym ut: 31- 19& on, the, prompt 61jection, -of _!egelpts
As s g,ouudsi artd--Iag swim
t "the'
wit out ent
on -con e- axpayer mu
-required tr p
elay -and coll6cti fo Office,,Jo a 01 WAI
h 'h6 led -bill- shd\vjng tlat, theju b4
by all le al 6f" dexcion. g si d rWas,p
sfit
iae, 't
Q:, eLQ b
ay Y-
er s request eco y _P
of.tax ev on' yj 5 ti y u fj
c d Clara to
b eC y a. a p p r op r I'd ey;, of the, oint
-lidple.jo-paymen -o e. ax or supi S or _:,, ean
-of:, The case must--bc, heard' tb `fhe'-susj)-eni6nL adQJ thi
ce year, or--* sit -ta ntact
t ttl )lement, p Us a hie toefter,
cyeases,
us-Te ivedjrq
I ,,Janqary: e, s, W1,
e 55
Tuir
,.qe AfteT the 3 st wl ou
to' G. 2160 hC. Internall Re'venutei in L
posi s for purp* ,of QVI ulg4
6: 5W h I
ye es -acu oncorne
P
NOY,- 60 6- N-T




















































Inlications-
thq,' qx:pa; ,csubgt&,the a VeAjq, en
"d rer -ab It p9e,- act Rigand No
ERNST

th DE), L0 PaIN
In"the-'event t at tne-metnAi as e, PING,
axab1w,-0W maXIi
wapu6i le
effial, cord g. to'Anw4ti
........... -intell t L "BEACH

d k,; xternat-:acfi-
rp6tation -'an Ii -exarr natlonWtl e U 0 AND
7AIOUE JSL
M'arWTY 0 ving Inves -
vities of e N
a I xeal prc)pefty,' X
d' utide 2quisitlons of
a`d e d s, in( rtain OAT U PREITM
G
Pe. yearI
MY IN 0LXDJW
income.
Due accolintl waH,Pe,, Taken,
_g d d

ctm
during t1le Ye, lY
-Tay
nent,7ithbut
ixaacl wry-s-4in
T'- -eCoUrS c uian,.PU.Lkq U WATER b
carin his, _T WRIKT- TO S
U Is.




NENtli PEPFUILs_ LIQU W000'r M 0 C7,*N Y C




H El T015L







Pr f








i! = -.. . .. .. .... ... .. .... ..--'... : "- ..1 t... -' : .. ...'a-m .- ..,'.--.. ,, ,: ..' -. .-:.;;. l
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i ( Jf. T -R...B.:- o M INIC. A 'l"" 4 I'"i ll is',"'. '. oi ,o.' ".ap;' & N.tl I fsd jt S= -
i ;] J . " L t ..o".- :.. '. -.'" <, ".::..,. .. .>L '+ . + .::n-: -,F o. l -F. - -.. "i, .. m r. .
-in..ed irom-page,'10 ..,. underground and".itln its i mks cont o.lsl.W i toh.-. the %ddiM ie'tl ..7.u--4i.' ....t....
,'. ; . ... . .. ". 4. ; .. I., .., .- - ,, "-. V ..t.C .
-;' . . . there a... to &fq-u-dUe sh s t o Vi..ti... "FV...l, -, -, -? :. "4; a
.. --.-..... 1.. ;-p .
-~~~~~~ I... "....... ":_. .. .... ' g:-
to the 14tL of June t-.. -.leftist'W ant,- .i-Ambdtaf.. .. .. e c-- '- 4 t- WR ls ,i n e c.xi
,:." ". ,tb,-,-n M4 --`' z a Y'r 1 fi-16 i4 ` q 0,'.:,,:"
'elements in the, Do ncan :poj- Pa'. .o. the answer. "-.1es :-.... ...-
-.htclpcn. hr r oe aps-with Taae:ut-u nus t aq ~& ~&' -'-.
,l... ioreigrners considie.t that points of'parallel between. this is not znant vve a frr ndbis:!.b Wdi4 C& ixksvrro
~/ie. policy of the Ama.ban moveifenf and- that.-bt--taslo "definite-"answer "Re WZ i-thwdld e ".'txf Y..'o j ze p}n'te

!3ai diplomacy is batjrhiki ..t's-..-.T.O =:T. J .yt es' fr o tl*'ue rgz.vpnd-i an a ep:$grl r6U 4JhoIa'Y pm;tbt
iuer. This is incorret..-, -su- iaa eortt y
..., ..M .-i W ... .-3:M
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'puts gr. ,,I- ., -, .13 -,.-.:-..-e.:.I W.



h;.Vitred b ist -.ort by toajL f t}a t 4rtIhw.U N. :lys-ta...
.I t: ,tP"..i_. ps" -of
hi wfe.-ne o ,I!~~ whit
.:I.. th tate D prm n ~ d r o h: iy ....Ta itesWh w r as-sii.te -i "" m. ei '.- "-.-" ----he. .."%.




-~ 'ck *nlyd like to ee an .va'ez Justtof- ten.tries "tn 1mw.tsiterswh-.r asasiae cow t
...I. .. .. . .. ..r the, a-. I r, ..
ly transition to a new reg- "ate- Castr6 ~in -his sPeakng teck- p~p rtic~, ul arl!y' blo ody an ria m n~ i ~ r i e eto h
--.C,--w iti




inAd probably orighnAlly hop-' Ijques.; T.be P arty as used on i'ime-'' by the TrJil-:' Amohew .p j.-. nt
mt.Baaguer would be able occasion slogans dakn, from .the ice., Whe ....'o .est .t e, e R ... h
n President for -time Communist lexicon- . ... which. : stand?, -'On ,nne f s. 1 ,t betweenthem ow-, 'r, Vse..&,":-.-...
..-., L; --.... -. 6w i4.--.. ---.
E 2 transitionalregime in press anti-American -ataWtudes;.. k'-s-w, --hi sel,. to be.am.-enabjleo.. .e .-........ .......
~iz+Opposition elementsee Ther'e is a ominous and- d i ous :".a. ofl..to -%. --P;' -=..";$-u. ,- ..i :. ":
I -w.r-e.is IdAbi`csmoobfted IP 1 .a4.






,esentd. America~n hopes for indefiniteness of 'the part's--ide- etice."' OnSbt.o~ther be .a-"bvous- --- ..V . iCtA?* .
lq11of a transition reiiime olg~lorientation whc ]eaves 4y ..ia~d.i ;a:b g. ;.. :tu -'" g'.:-A-4- -A. ;--
.'Iw .have gone down the it open to the influence oi-the r it hi tnin" po ,---e fl I ."' .... . .
n.-bu no doubtt-American Communists within its .ranks l .. :;, % ithian et, .h-.oe. '"&V
.. y ; st b n , i ., -,n : -. : :--..3.,_:., V II-_ .. ... .. . :,..!". ,.: .. '- : ':" 'l ."`-.%,







Fiaflo and the UCN cOD- who arem -dearly "iot'ms'i. eains.'Ad h... ay J et' Veits '' .e ,40 .JQ ABRT-H (h P
.. -.. I :-. !- .. ,. .. .......I : iii .- -.. .:.. -n .r ;
,..~~~~~ "-. : ,,e d .. .. ., ." '` -r ...- ,:..... "." '- ",:"j:,-., ,
.:. .. ,- ... It JONL,',E -...t.- .







N l-..- o tn Whether those ine t he .-stre ,-th'. an ..d Yt.1 it'hr e ..t- er-Th an .ryin.g"..b- lead -,i. ...?j -."" ... ":" -u .... .. "," ;
their-I"events.,.This could J. hi, -,liomeIof ..,







.. are wise only time can would_ be-a- istake-to pin a . .. ..... -'- '< *" .. ... -. -- .
-',: -. ..." Coi.ni. nist label-J.mn, 14th- the present situation-diret --to,- ...-...... -N -.: "_ ,. .
.- .. ...- . .. _,- , .< ....L ". ,,- .... ;....








t.-le nt apposition besid yet..hereae are ith it Part- eo the l -eft ;- .-k.,"" ..
6' 1 a ol .. : -" .. e I...-.... ........ -..:









rther are- to other prin- considerable strength .in the par- The thir part of! th.e :oppS" ; ..-:' ,~ -<.
--. .....'. .,:. K . . l's." "k l ,. "?.,., ,. ,ri", ."









L rtes the 14th of J-rie ty .organzation ai& thet que9- -siti. quite a.differen torgan ....CO.-..... .H IT,....-L,'I.."",....4,- .
,=ewent and the. Dominican. tion is whether they can .succeed izatiqi. Thisi -thaijonm~ican "*. .. ''- "-. t-, -,.$.2.
ilfionary Party..*. An.. dominating, the. ,pay .r and. e~s-. R pevolutionay a rtyr bp.ead.ed by "I ":" e "
,,ii o" pi.. .utt", %br










i. 14th of Juiie can be call- tablishing' it asia gi odi hi. -i the well kno wn leader -of the..op ';i-;"'> t-, ,.. e
i A ,: ... . ....;-Y"..."-.- .. ..










Ihe party. of the DuIninican though, nationalist and perhaps I.position n e.il, Dri.".a.. _osh ...." .........
- .ld o. ,--..
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S na ecem HAIT PAGL 15











P. Q' ... ....... .... A A I
,.RE- ..," . R E PORT: .HOPPING CENTER.
N P.. G, x67%9, PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI B
SDo Xmas Shopping At















t 5 ABOUND THE WORLD IMPORTSDE
7M, O.' V.. 6. O. .EP .rawgic U ." .. I

GLL ... L MIRT H
I L YSNABD. BLAVO, iREOLON, VIGN




'T F BEN D ALT AN. ROYAL DOLTON. .
'Io":, 'o-T". " " A VET "BIS O









,'*, '. CO."_. '. ';D',I E ^ JJ(_|.|[ CREAM, Al F ENCH.-.
""A '' "' SANISH LIQX IEUS.
HANSEN' IAL ..,lRA,."
:-p.re. :: '-.A V,,." ROY L C, .. A GEN,










".e.! -j '-i FRA CE. .." HARD AMPA"A" .. .- 'DOUL* :

Q ., .E. B... .._

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alms







''HAITI


M. Bernard DIEDERTCH
Directeur HAIT-SUN Port au Prince
Jeremie 13-11-61.
f'on cher, directeur
' Cormme creole ppur journalists haltiens ce vomi chien qu' pas
Lab paraitre sou la feuille voila que ou trouve ou seul pere nnur-
fdipr pour oun langue que parents rejete. Ce poun ca m' v-Sec
lya ou dernier sonnet que m' ecri. .
r Lan nun lettre d'Espagne oun- correspondent apprendb m'rin que
certain etudiants venezuellen envie connin creole. Si Willy Lamo-
the ac Franck Fouche te interesse m'croue que n'ta' cab ec.! en-
.amble oun grammaire creole-espagnol.
Ce di que toute travails Martiniquals, Triridadiens etc execute-
'deja sou langue la ta cab servi n'-de base.
':"M' trouve que, vie pas vie, foe gain oun centre cultural creule
an Haiti.
Votre. .
EMILE ROUMER


: "TOMBEAU DE LILIA MILLET
1.^- ".
i.tPour saint que n'te oue vive ac charite, la fol,
4tnOus to senti vivant oun Eternel Presence, .
!un Ou lan-mer l'autre pays simule embruns. a l'anse
quand yo di n' quo jamais plus nous pas,p' tende oun
'voix.
&`;Nous pas t' la pour adieu et ni meme au revoi
'Min lan coeur n'attendri voici que sans:poignance.
...leve oun' tristesse mele ac parfum et souvenance
2 'la fin Lilia Millet, fee et shinte a la fois.
.aijnais plus? Ce pour I'autre moune pareil amertume.
l-Mmin qui main qu'ap tisser aube et surplis ecume
'(lan vent Nord cote Ian mer ap fumin ac embruns? .
': Malgre monde avili existence nap poursuive
i..:.mn lan coeur n' na garde com oun sachet parfum
t:.nn souvenir attendri pour saint que" n'te .oue vive.
E ile ROUMLER


[-POETS' CORNER -

NO RIVAL LIKE-THE PAST

, 'Ais thoee who eat a Luscious $ruit, sunbaked,
Full of sweet juice, with zest, until they find
it'l finished, and their appetite unslaked, -
-And so return and eat the pared-off rind;
e, who in Youth, set white and careless teeth
i the Ripe Fruits of Pleasure while they l2t,
t ter, creep back to gnaw the cast-off sheath,
A -And find there is no Rival like the East.
Lawrence' HOPE


EIRE AND ICE .

Some say the world will end in fire,
Some say in ice.
i From.what I've tasted of desire
I hold with those. whb favor-fie.
But if- ft -had to jierish twice.
I think I know enough of hate
To say that for destruction -ice .;
Is also great --
And would suffice. -
Sobert FROST

r. .-
... Monday Night

HOTEL B1 LELE

Shango Night Club ,
I, ti


.(Conti
human be
with its 1


SUN ''


.. .
Snakes Of" Hafti


nued from page 11) rural *population -pushes pi
I to cut the trees of-Cur fores
eings and to whip them settle more fields under ci


tail. The explanation is


this kind of snake usually lives
near its hole where' it breeds
its pets and it. thinks, perhaps,.
its babies are in danger with the
presence of human.
A small -snake, called "sand
snake" (couleuvre sable) can be
found in certain "'andy" areas
of the country; specially near'
the rivers.


Air these, varieties .of snakes
are in disappearance throughout
Haiti since the introduction of
"mangoustes" in the country.:
And also since the growth of
/ !


IP'AGE 16


atidri. "
ailed. .-. - .-.
.DAMBALIAB Dambala Ouedo, sn-k god
S;- and his wife Aida Ouedo4 rain-
Damballah is0'one of the gods bow and water- goddess/ seldom
of the Voodoo. Mythology,' consi-'come- under the peristfei and-
dered as a "bloid".-.His symbol when they are urgently'-'called
is a snake with his coiled- body for a -*eremony; they creep oti
around a stick. The Haitian peas- the ground, imitating asn much
ant ip afraid to kill any snake as possible the movements 'And".
that could be god in his animal the- cries of the snakis" that
appearance; the peasant prefers sometimes make the;-'..crowd-
to abandon his house for a short tremble. Dambala Ouedo and
period .rather than take the risk Aida Ouedo being a divine- cou-
to hurt Damballah, which could ple,- never go apart. Their sym-
cause all imaginable calamities bol,. in general, is. the .'.snake.-
to himself "and his -family. bambala is -identified .to St 'Mo-
During -a- voodoo -'ceremony,. ses.


Sa...
S *- .s
* .. k & .


yes.. you get.






b eansin eu




.A..F E .....

The all coffeeimftanit coffee wi
"Let's have another cup" taste.
It's no asecretAtht.t e-xtra coffee beans make
coffee extra good. 43 choice, deep-roasted
beans go into every flavorfl-cup of today -'
Nescafe. No other cofr&e.'.. no aitter how
it's made'... tastes so fresh, so friendly, so
completely satisfying In today's Nescaf6,
-he accent is on coffee!

Get iECFE todIayi
gn6


.Sunday, DecemberZItI jI 41

When a servant of this ,o..is
"possessed" by the La,. his. est
ures' a like the sfak At etoE
sids; he crawls on thegrfound.
SI n.'spitj.of his white s3bomplek-
eople ion, 40,taik ah has a great deal
ts to of fidels or, servants in tli* black
ultiv- country. .


I










* 41


#dir4 in ea and-steri thinI
', :...- ;i'madlatton-.- ste "" ....- m"

.. .a.. .. ..-.. ...
-thesm u eatmbn st

t i^Btenalizing d tanf roele a
th s._..a~_ rob1e


' So oe-ig~rapge testng -
V t ,rhe it be.ip c
, 6; ictl.ostor ...ats. -. "Canh mea


S; .tir ul ousted of


..W. beiw ti







_d ort, -l"f" ,i w... n




: ..C.-,
% A bu-* ;, "* ..-...-*." .'-." '- *



. ... .. .










-. :3-e'o--,.., -.. ;' .. -4 '':


STATEMENT BY PRESIDENT KENNED
ON DOMINICAN SITUATION -.
*.. " . 7 ;_ i : - ' ; ..- a


,tuonuqea from page 1): range cooperative programs .utn
Into an effective, soundly-'based der the Alliance for Progresis
Sdemocratic..i sy stem-. In this which' can be of direct bene
tWs struggle, they have the assur- to the Dominican People. I eI t
ans ance o&f our sympathetic and pect that. this mission will. iiI
t. jangible- support. I understand rive in the Dominican Repub4.
m* that the Organization of Ameiic- late this month or very. "rIy
,an States is now considering the' in January. -.
Sifhing\of sanctions imposed up-
on- the Dominican, Republce by "I understand that Mr Fei
les collective action. in August 1960 Herrera, President .of the Int
.nid January 1961.. If .the Coun-- Ameridan Development Bank
bil otf the OAS takes such .actl6n will head a high-level missj&io
S-and our representatives are to the Dominican Republic ,
o supporting that step- we will the near future to begin discuaZ;
t resume Diplomatic relations with sions a-d inquire .into, ecpionm.
the Dominican Republic pronipt- and social development projects.
by ly. When this takes place ..the "These actions are intended':-'.
". Depa ment of -Agriculture will to assist the Dominican govern-
au& .,iie .- "rtases imdeg., .the ment and people in developingg:
-Daiumcan. aljocatlon 0. non- a sound economic and social
uWLot.siigar for the first. six structure,. which is indispensable,;'
ints of 19 2. .' to an enduring democratic ponl- .
--. 5 .' - "t'" "' Cal system. : :
In. ~ adii I propMose .
ser i A on the. installation .of'a "The Dominican people anhd.:
'Cominc. of State, a United States their leaders confront a great
Economic Assistance .e mission, and seldom-given opportunity: .
headed by Amb ssado Moscoso the'construction of a democratic
of AID and including Dep As- society on the ruins of a tyrari-
sistant secretary of State Milton ny. It is a noble task, but it .Is'
'Barall to visit the Dbinacan not an easy One. We wis thetm..
tpubl.t .Its-purbse wiff 'be to well, and we assure them of ur "
explore emergency 'requirements desire to assist them in their
:and':'BLpossibilities for longer- efforts." .'





Come and Enjoy
THE SUN,
THE SEA,
S ". -- THE SALT SPRAY-I
S . At The

M, SA NDS


'hum ) from town);' L 4
o m-o; '. eo ,in Portau Prince... 1




,..'-' .s ,- ) '"



o:-. ^'Wl.- a: 'C
A sA










u........... ,.
MN O 'P'". ,..-....
VIIICOS ~ & vpnM

~ ti:z-


* 1







"' HAITI SUN''


at on tr.om "BN MI


O- f ri
pulture Inspeat4


I-


.- *'{ ni f ii f o '& w |",- L".V i ;! np-.- n .- v . .:
'h Artibonite. Valley VegatallieFarn i -

iter of Agriculture, are interested- inthe truls of Administrator,% the Agroziomiist ,
A tur e Roger L.
ar d T i'ade Ctrip -ar to te '. Roger M. Cantave, the Technical
.I* ' nyqvegetables The Visit Director, Mr Charies B. Wiggin
undrtakeb OD- ; The' foUowing personalities ac- and ODVA Chief Advisor, the
ea onk -;.pf r oibn-'cmpanied. Mnistr Thear d: 'Agronomhist Leonard D. Otto, ai "
,SceCuba &.s no longer' Agrononists Richard Lee. Win- delegate froth ICA. '.
ornieState, ou tprs Chief of USOM Agriiltur- -Fird of- all, thl 'Secretary of
'ha itse 1 ake great al. Division;, Polynice- Dorsainvl, Stte-. was escorted to -pitrttions
S age s s whi Chiet ot the.-Agnltural Divi- named Moreau des Isles and Bois -
ed veta&es an sia n ori. oHADO,. .andMrJean Blanc. (former Fatbi. No. ., of *' .
il..!.-1see.s. -Gury at' the. Dniens Audido-Vi-. .he S t an d Frui) where
efmg futu ..e sa Service. At 1Borel(they.were gg plantW of'the "Florida Mv-kar-
p eco -ODyA. reF et", yid are grown on 30 a.,es
m--ofInd and cuimb f.the
A &aesn ley 'ulfi '"ted o o.
o6:aes. A"' P teie if the vi-"
cty i "of jP~ob t Soda c Cres


-ei.ctz%
id^


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/ 1-1r'o~i
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'- = .":L "'"-':" -, .':; '' . _5 t-.=: : 'i .
~~-k.,,:,


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'Lu!; ii
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Al?
An^


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S-A . -. .. :.- :,.. ,,:', ,,." ',.;'.. 'C- d ; "'


:T2j.-.A ~pJECJ.
.~


7al."







Sunday, December 24th;


Sailor' "Mermaid" N
Her. Appetite, I

(Continued from page 6)
mammals must not be turned on
their. backs lest they suffocate
from the weight of a stomach-
full ,of weeds on their, dorsally
situated 'lungs. Nor can they be
held under .water .,too .ong lest
hey drown. Transportation is
.cult mid' expensive.
jttle is known regarding their
reading and rearing in -confined
areas. :Manatees are reported' to
have only one offspring at a
time,, aidd the young are slow .to
reafA maturity. It might take a
,erylVong time to biuld up a
population of manatees large
enough to be .effective.
And a major consideration in
g to establish them in areas
where they cannot, be given comn-
ple.e protection by authorities,
is that the manatee is. good to
7eati"prized -or "food, and. being
0sl0W. .d" be killed. by

I smn upn whether to
Ianaatee or nbot. to manatee,. the
-FA4 note says:
'In. the. state '.of our$ present
Ukntledge -it. appears that man--
sates may be quite useful for
4aqqatc weed. control in certain
orfned areas of British Guia-
, nar e.g., some dordestic water
JsuOiy reservoirs and some can-
reserv.o i


9,61 -


I''HA- ITI


qow Considered For
Not Her Form


als and drainage systems. Whe-
ther or not they would be equally
effective in other areas of the
world--especially areas to which
they are not Indigenous-, or in
very large or "open" water sys-
tems with rapidly growing plant
pdpulations is upknown...
"The amount of economic 'be-
nefit (to fisheries, irrigation,
transport, etc.) must certainly be
weighed against the costs of cap-
ture, transportation and establ-
ishment in a new area. Further-
*more, it must be clearly recog-
nized that the introduction of any
exotic species, bho*ever innocu-
ous it may appear, sometimes
creates problems far greater,
than those which it attempts to
solve or which were contempla-
ted originally."
Meanwhile, if one has a man-
atee under 'observation, the Bio-
logy Branch wvil welcome re-
,ceiRt of supplementk.l data.


FOR SALE' -
I OPEL Camlonette 1958
Sealed bids will. I received
in the Offices 6f TEXACO until
4:30 P.M. Decexbher 27th.
. The vehicle my be &%a at
Mices-of TEXACO, Rue Bonne
E.ol. ". ,
The Company TEXACO reser-
.ves the right to refuse accept-
ance of any and all bids..


1I .PETIOiNLE IT'S





f 1tU00fee altitude ye only minutes s
from the heart cf P(oRT-Au-PfiNdE .

:The most exquisite as?ieWs.oer1ookinS 1i4ity
-.a bay, the plains, e mountain .

*" Deeidious dontinental dusine and superb


k: iPeirsonalibed attention to eQery guest. V

SSvwimming Pool wiTh Lundheon Lounge
and Bar PonoramnpTerode .
Air-donJilloned de-luxe .rooms .


S VEEKLy ENTERTAINMENT PROCiRAM
TUESDAjg :Infomial 'le. 3of el ,.Dandmns,from
7:3o PM tol'midnil- '
S meringue inm rud on and contest
S atl 9:3o dosual dress.No odmis",on ee
,V iEIm Aj: C'emplimentacvy g-together afdi bol i
"-'" Poartj firom 7pm to 8pm. -
FRI A)y : ala Dinner-Donde frtom ?:3oP.m to
1:3o a.m. 6uperSboSo of Io:so
Jio adm'ission fee .
I LL OTHER AJI4HTS: Ccktoil hour from 7 to 9 il
S.._ 4 nie dombo .


SUN''


PAGEMA
*----y


Distinguished Adventist Leaders In


During the week of December
14-21 'two well known cletfgymen
from superior organization of the
Seventh-day Adventist Chur=h
were visiting Haitik \
Pastor M. V. Campbel, vice-
president of the General Confer-
ence- of Seventh-day Adventists
pomes to us from headquarters
Ot the world organization, which
has offices .,in Washington, D.C.
He has occupied many positions
of responsibility both in the Uni-
ted States.\ and Canada. Before
being appointed to his resentnt
position he was president of the
Southern European Division,
which includes the French-speak-
iug countries of Northern Africa.
The second visitor is Pistor.
David H. Baasch, secretary of
the Inter-American Division. This
office represents the territories
of both the Greater and the less-
er Antilles, Mexico, Central Am-
erican, Colombia, 'Venezuela; and
the three GOianas. Previously
Pastor Baasch was ini -chirge. of
the youth activities of this ter-
ritory. Prior to his present ap-
pointment he was head of the
Adventist organization in Mie2d-
co.
' Our guests took part in various
activities during ,their stay in


.-STEPHEN BROS
M. V. HAI MERCHANT
PERSONALLY SUPERVISED
LOADING AND UNLOADING.
SERVE HAITI AND FLORIDA.

forthigh y ailings of -
Miaml-,Port as Prinae-Miami
MIAMI ADDRESS:
STelephone: Highland 51767
S rrankUn 0-728,


Port an Prince. On Saturday Uon. Pastor Eugene eri
morning December 16, religious president of the French West- it
services for the Adventists who dies Mission with offices in FborI
live in the capital were held in de-France, Martinique, with I'h
the Rex Theater. The main Eric Toussaint, his sqcrtaryj'
speaker was Pastor M. V. Camp- We were. happy to extend a cri
bell. dial welcome to these guests ad-1
" Two additional visitors were wished them a very pleasi4'!
with us for the annual committee stay in our country. -'
meeting of the Franco-Haitian S. F. M;

< YOUR HOME AWAY FROM HOME i

Sa lairier


. BU N GALOW S... ;.

FRANCK ED. 'ROY, Manaer '.-

I li the delightful "SOUS-B1OISo n!of-
S comfort and privacy o your own
S with tie best type f Hotel Aenraf t
BARJESTAURANT, SIYMG OO
A A, CTI BF JL'IA'-.A
". "ATT.-CTIVE R 4 ^.'


On
4-i(


- - .- -. w .' ... ..,wr.'r ,w: .4




G A M B-I. I J N. G .. '*- :.::'
OPEN NIGHTLY
O GAMBRL.ING-
: DA- N .I-.NG. TO

JOE- TkOUILLO-'S


MIDNIGHT .,HOj .' -"

Enfranae Charge $1.0 '-"A
SATURDAY, SUNDAY AND HOLIDAYS
S. *.* l '- "


I., N... ;.
- a a ~arS.. a a a a a a a. -.


R A '-.- 1 "--L '.: _. ..
a A -C. .



FARE FOR HA TI
Orie, las' -

4. NEW; YORK iRT-AU-PRINCE (DEPART
EVERY FRIDAY):

,CARGO SHIPS (12 PASSENGERS) $135 -ALL YEAR

COMBO-SHIPS (52 PASSENGERS) FROM $155 ,

*PORT AU PRINCE NEW YORK (DfPART VERY SUNbAY)

LUXURY' SHIPS: SANTA ROSA SANTA PAULA -
300 PASSENGERS FARE FROM $195.00,

'FOR INFORMATION .



SJosephNadal & Co?
S0. .. la.w-.
A .7. .IJU 6,
.0116 sl


I


-I-


.mt -.1


* ...'="


'.*....." ....:-.
.;^ "-lo. :







20. .I H A ITI S U N Sunday, cnherItOU101.

TTER TO EDITOR (Cot'd) ) No imported reptle -has .a.
S, E ever escaped 'from its hous-
-,',. ':'.. --- .. ing or made any effort to do _______l-'. ___ ."' V '_'_.*-.
so;- Iuwe0011znt4
ed trom page 5) borhood, who 'knows, perhaps 3) In all honesty I .would like
-. from the Mangones property it- to say a word for the cust-
ag o the Pet Larods self, and 'when we mentioned, oms. Each hipment. has
pent is a rptile sans that some 'were missing, we also been accompanied iy' offl-
Lbrs,.. dea at par rep- assured .the thatt they .wdou cial documents und has i"a
There are more ",than appear sooner or latter, perhaps' been subjected to complete '-
otovn species, andd'Iqng to be resold to us. Within an apid thorough investigation -IR CAR TRVEL
i .ich we haye had hour they were again with us. before deHvery? Usually to . '
g'L c te 1 ti"ndse', fig, ., ... .us in company with Dr Ray-
Sp.a .l yho4a ;re. non-vene- After this explanation, of lang-. 'mond, our-vetqrinarian, '
nh addition tthis,. the uage uisge Ifeel that I. should,, 4) tpalizing :that the effort
'i a.wu h e a h, rather than titerpret the lengthy, for a zoological garden .e-
iqapable o.t -suffocafing sometimes' ,ulogistic letter of-.. tremely difficult for-private .
,.), tirinfjg shy ,nn"-.g t Mr Maqos -as. a denundig ,pdvidluals, -we Jhave, from ,- .
& pl'6O sm4 efforts -, Time to time asked advice -
-pip. tg e .plana.i f" .rom members of the Gov- A. -.. ., '
Lecier. Nowo, to von- Use of the .word 'serpent' was .ernment farm, and receive. '
tpenanatis "evdently -misleadng, and -apologize' fo hbei. helpal, consideration -'
La e f tr discomfort which I -might and interest; even .modeling '. -
fet, i t e:causedd ife ifroprietor of ome of our- eges _- after.
i ept ae" e property adjoining ours. theirs-
aae;' den algo-:p : led- MWm recalling May ',- ii-n closing offer y '
r', g i.,y lind, I, ajct thataifter this -date thanks. your joupal orpub-,. '
psigti'gn- .we were again ,able to offer our lishing lull- eports.. on this a- t af
b^^':hb i>fr2' hiospitalityb an.d MIme Man- fair with no bias I,.regret- the i
s. n .Ot6 gones' ir est th no hysteria. which.. has-been caused ''' '"
." compel ",I -',or., '"n-ent' d4nges.' My ar.png that ,part of the popila, -'.l
sgones t f id confusions profid. binwhic-h.as, tlaken,'these star-
.....ts 3 -- i. ies o heart,.and .cad -only bope
"4a2L4.14a. aj na.u41'U SOwT L that the fll. report ,from Da-
la tiTfien -viI* W gaflirm whit T .iave.
latere. ; :: "hen r'e S already. state5; ai sgte a g
to1re rern el today. -
00 -d -7 "m. .
^ ^ l 5i4Zc~wre tner pionousf or dangetr Y -ors.SAierey,,- '










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1 .1 3


*1
S. .
-W flri Eitld ood66 tb i1T sure hope so. -I 'saw,. a' little
I ne. those Colgate. bicycles He dove tip.
at ps into .the receiver.'-I you ever
t1 PituIC I company is making here at Choueoune
ee ..they gave red toPAA .for helping with the lighting. John
n stati.. wagon: up close and.'turn
Sfle Field was win townllast .weekend
-wants put'ofi the resturanta bizz:'in
ip thi .g.8. Monday, accompaying
SKop Ir', ,back gt work after a bout
tf *IM d de4twIbtir is 'back h her" feet too' after a feiw'
unds with the samee liug .. lilke the 'lTwist, everybody's doing it.
KurIih--ha&- 'the' businesss' is ilosy blues'. So- have a' lot of
pple. -1hosen swkir "
ther -l.'he sweaters ei'y Alien's plant i turning ,out
ere popular hr gift, .items. -The, Ireraons a(Hampco).
rere s i.o las'ee.:waiti'gf to hear if they were going
s. mnd llolynice. hpd a ':to-6so-happy
.tg^tjlj Wthera. erehanpn -rSorids Jikh ;the AGeorge:


"t- ".-'-o ] t;-t.he, Tropigas.'tank went
^ ot oig re -r. night Wh'11 y can' thesy be
1t Jg -!io.az.beor.wa^ind W.Coies
ntleie's li .ea,4;onqye~tcallgd' yaa
,.odl.t. ae forward with asome e lana-
.- > T t .ti'ix,", ioun? ,-Why d se,,.in, shd. l
& *. ohl;.. Iie:,fd.& 4gk -t i':, im.t;'i.Sepiotbn
-" .-' 'i4 1 t .' ...' a 1' ..j .'



li qiI 4,.t..e tpnep kiixtBoat;..,-;..Bob% Lee
.. .-ffeient .I ,, pt"New 'ear's,
^^^^^^^^;D'whis.'''Sab UaGabway'r btii4N~n4la, &islted;








b an ;' i,, .- yhow^,.-i. e. ete
c.ti d. Cig: ........ 'oi. ..&W n" ic t' For

e. .M k'-iiotsAtind wB f -'* g







b^o r ; Qtie.dh e r ,the hhooidayse too.
.'
9~~o~RC-gP.kI [,'bh T".."a...





^fi ji~'iwent nth MVlL^attyt"b
-t~ral~eb wiiart' whbdiikw~~lsA*v&Vobrht^
i t i W k '.t'h..e tin line opfFrenh n d Ge fip

siz ..4 .....l' d P' .,ni k'

S*fs lus colors [at P.OO'lauhn
A i^thtfrboth~fcd 'destses ,and1 sportswear. (That shop is
4^'|^'ea. nto s a 'yWu kl 'the stock*
cfj.' ;---saain
erg a.% ;" 11 ""'tha Thai '






f e 4 "e i top frtlfre'orrii~fn.i..sesisatl'e
oiles, qr4dow nito1lhie Ka~ju'A fiancee is hbme from Puerto
i iuijd dfa, he'sabe n1t "fromt 'eai'tb' ear. WBicl'i
iezIndi'me,rheM#asiusingl onek'st tha&knsisfor radio* .wifth e&r-
tone the other day Rhdaeveonea who saw him thought it was
tieaaimd.The New York Tim ofDec.3rd carried a travel
|lglfe -,3a#Mt')ilJfexetit.,and'Delightful Haiti"- with Leclerc" given
sjcific mention. By the way, -there's a Reveillon at Habitation
lerc is a feast and champagne cocktails as
ai as Thd~iN'&xertazpnien ti.png from '9 and 'dinner at 10-
n 6 dnet4'et.,tonti l long and Merry Chris m s. I
a.e "astm .inu s..opp g .to do. .
S,. t"' : J' "


., "., oWt 4Ut aohttatonf Licterc
"'TAHITIA LUAU"
'' ": '' D c ber 24,, 196 .
:...,',. ." i-^. tau".,..,.
,.' ,' Champagne Cocktail
..' .. ':D, T a'BF OM 9 o'clock
!.!> .t.;-:, .'n,.; AT. TEN ,,

^ fel*.7ie*:^ perperson. / .
'[ ;,' -,)" : t .; '. : -
.,, ." . .' . k .'+ .. g 1 . +, .


An important quantity of drugs
were presented to Public Health
ieptrtmnent by Slister Margaret
Joan, Director of the Foundation
:for Crippled Children.
.. ,* .' X xX X,
Bill Serment who,.keeps Pan-
Airplanes running.. sd consisten$-
ly, blas been-feeling off'his oatd
lately and is in' Miami 'for a
physical dheck-uip. '' '
,, ', ... x x x ; '-
AR] 5A. INC. which manu
factures high-elass,, but 'high-
,.sla.s,, d.i e s '; apd. children's
shoes for United States 'markets,
,'repe6irty had its a inual meeflhg
i r, Atin. Lseohard Taishier, LwhO
lis dxie.'sd 'much for-thec'ibm-
merce oi Haiti, is' pIreslideit,.oo
the 'company which operates'-na-
,zubeturing plavp, jp both sop'


much of "$vhicho 'comes to HaiW'9
4fl' payrols' circulating then
throughout: :Pdrt 'an Prince 'cord-
xnetc,, 41vays; generating taxes
for te Governient.''Ju le, pii-
oa'n.'t n iheii, most' effective
managerss her,' or any place, 'is
'in gi6k' ofdfHaitia4 operations
company. ; -.






2 2
and'e over. fimlml 6ion teidolerS,,

SAteripcan Ladie s ^
V Ad .oJe .'*o*e to .
dif b d i fthen> i i abie '.
isf~clngc :r;royal;:pupils; Tbey
studied p.* po.esito ad, .drawing; and -'the
eltou *werfetly eat ed" with




dti ,Iur1 ..W- ' *WAL
them were ':from between st eve
and% 1t ul fie tn' the t he







in.g;weus tnlloii^te arr .iage wich
thea ftert' o rflme, princesseo'
dIfereolxuc ita' themrie dalities't
a .ioe s, thost guans.,, ,, ven
Yet; -the progress a both wase
considerable Te and' the queen,
ai&'efJtdbeie, a Mng',d. '".
Tet ^perfecitly satisfied 'with'obur,
.nd "vour a .n -'e*. .A ir,, 9 .. ,
"'We occsionfilem dined riethr ant
queen; o' pur. p"uils also som'-
imes stopped after ,the' jhour d
Sinstrucion r conversation" qrie'
w', 'acc mnp.me& theind 'to'u the
gade... but we fltin" 'a '"gent
measute,' excluded from society.
..o ]f,,we use,.the carriage which
'as. at our service, u we could
ride'* only to a prescribed dist-
ance; and we were perpetually
inoyed by' the guad, i we ven-
tired on a 'ramble, inquiring
who we were, and whether we
were going. The eoiqi.ette of the
court was intolerably irksome...'
We haid come from America
and the confinement, restraint,
and ceremony, we'bad been quite
unaccustomed' t, and could not
suffer... 'We determined tat length
to resign *.our charge,, and to
quit the ,place. But though'eour
stay. was shorter than we orig-
inally intended, we can never "re-
collecb our' residence in Hay.i
but with feelings of deep and
lasting interest. : s
(Re.Jutted from Sketches ,of
Hayti; from the expulsion of
.wther French to the Death of
.^cmt asino^ ^aly irksme..


"A


,iThe; Movadlo sepp ire rystl ft ," a
Its' hadness's sur'pasaie't5': geld lfgureial dt
, only by that'of the diamond. ..' i
You will cherish you'.t : <
Movadp which dffer you' -. '
- precision thrice triumphant r. -
In three Yearsath'p..o.fficlaols .". lnitin ral e amo 'e
Swiss.Ob-etatoir'a .at "' *" 'm'it ga 4-td',.
Neuchttel). gold Igure dI.it
" A : .


"
k * .*
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. * -


MOVA


i :


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.'4r' : i
, . .. . P ,-..-^
*- + ... '* .. --.. -^ : :,*** *- *

In. the line. of Military Assist- On their departure, Capti
ance Progr~m', '.the following, B. Crist of US Naval MIs
members of 'Armed Forces of was 'preeif at lihe Biwen*
"aiti flew .p the' ,SA on.1 Mn- hiey '"iuts. ye mon .
,day Decinber, 18th: Corpdail .Sai Dii X.:i ndleton1-e 4
Jean J~aque* Eiilho n ih..
enlisted 'men F. 'Stanus,. ii gie'
Gilles,. "a '. l 3rmont.J. F. shooting.,and 4.l ld ba p ;
'Jeanty,'M: Mptelus, R. Desilus All the expenses are .te
and M. R. ylvain. .. ge f US. poe: ,m.-. .


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.V
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1 A,
taMvina Wllmm
K *HAmfAN. ^NSTIWPJE 'OF" fANCft '
i : i. 1 *' ii . *" ''' <' :'. .".*^ -',. ..,^* i* **" '* ,..-^ .

Akiunduelf Spevdia1 Oou^ bekiniil4'Sa A4f
**.-*."the '.,;.'2 new daiweqraz: Li 'A^
r*'" .. '., *,*, .,.,..,:',.!- .,.. '*,..
"- '" " ... W S "" J' -" '" *'* i ^' "' "'/ .' " ?",7'



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A, #4;, ., .


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M t!Pfl#4fapoe wo C hie% 44'__14
6"f-di.ion'.He- had'11tV- '." '.. :' .'so-b. .m-. -.... .

AN: P "MiOgest" .oi ofi" '" ' V& '"" "
4 -. 4
IT ......i. : T ... . . . , ., . . .-, . . .
*1,nxr q ''-~fbil



e '.n "el -."
54 T WT1'

.oPde -MdiztVV l' bk" d 'so b: .", .." . t"*",e.
l~i~gst "ois ccl~b" -;l ; 0 "J .. .. ... .


4" ; before',.,
AL tL F..






















V_!J-4;A2 -Pine. .008"OA',.
i. h' ~ trnA&rda the 4pappi~' ri~& ,d e,,1ib. ne -:e sksir4 ,,4;
AoA~ asethd fsTut1sf yedne&c





























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n "-WITkkr41'4~ I id








OW.4,
~~1.,~ cu4'eS- ~ pt
a~n~i' I~ (jL2~tZh~sVt ~;~ S'~ trI:~N4RUM_; VI"





,and hi
yer '
i :Ne,
Sarriver .

e sorb -t
tii
.' 'b
k iher- -


hoApenU t:.
MY&dn~jg _


M,: ." -.-yr .'. -,,'.+_'." ,' ,. *," .- ,_. .. aI ... -
. aot,an eonomist from- Canada, .;Ala Samu.ls, a Insur
pic&:.. Brker.frdm E-ar-Rocklay L.-.. ar~ r e Barb -rried
Sii oveibBrt.,25 ar d Tur incot y w, th ChtmintHer-.
et"s eii a.adwile Arid.'e on.;August, 14, they, are. a dn
"guests Tf.. ..rf ..&dl: Egineer -Jacob Wegweis'r o
.ife.-jasytew.uhe.trsdayClarice !Middlemrrk is res-

c,' ,tbt..e ,sian .'.ld..Adfis tioni w as wVseing .wife ,
" d'fal6.Nn.* Jpseph.apL e 'Peter Presl. The trese'!
^ ieaEthe airport 'b'iorlin' w ke i e .
-a.eiPtrven-i. he .d tyi tb t'efludg.officeith .
SMa el, a meni br,.of .he. Natro0al','Associafion. fr:.the(
,. ,adv eet llobured .people (NAAP) is ,the .resident.ipf.. !
4i tUrbai; Legue, .a, snilar- orgatiztion of Rhode Island jose s
-''Mexat d -Ptessel,"'their son,'s< a-iot a.Uniyrst
'Ai.ll". sta, his .Seniqor year-T., a year.. Spe "oing Jour languages'
E, ngish,'t nch, German-'anddRussian,' Joe .will, Agz rate in nt,.
tal :relations: Peter PreSl .is, an lrigineer. .,This harmin'g
. ;:-.Mr.- v.i edeelr his vile .Rftslyn, son Brad 9 arid dauter'Gina
,- .6ad .brothBarry..1'arrived, this Week for a tw week vacation.
-'ciUdir.. the Haitia' Sun' because ,they. like .to .be warm mi ,Dnpcembeig.
,., Mrvav4Tledel 'is the Director Fotmder of the -Fiedel, Scbbol b
."Csa.,,.e in Bayville, L.I., New- York which teaches,.all arts.
rs.oRslyn Fiedl .assists;. her., ,husband in the directing df this-
Sschool. Mr Fiedel wap. a teacheifat .the Teacher College "of Col-
"-"'libia UniVersity.. A composer,' he composes. for dancing, group




" 4
,.i N M." "

MWII.M ..BER :3 AT 8:00 P.M.

'SPECIAL CHRISTMAS DINER k
AND -T1,IOOR SHOW AND DANCE
DECM 'i 31'A'-8:00 P. -.,

MIDNIGHT SUPPER
.. "PETIT 'REVEILLON"P :
SHOW AND DANME
To the lusi of Me "$niti's best Bands.
-"M t .ou ..RVIti.i C. de La Fuente, Manager.
air..


** .- : *<


' IUPER-RIB . ;'' ** ,''

SSpecielement cohtgu pour-doW. r uneiAduiiteJ
aisee .. pour une meilleui.egfaeult4'i ,
station, pour moins d'usutre .. '.allez voir -le
Super-Rib de Goodyear. Et, tousles superbes
pneus tracteurs Goodyear sont-construits Ai
-entoilage 3T "Triple Tempered", une'.extlu-
sivitd de Goodyear!


IL Y A D.ES PIJEUS GOODYtAR POUR CHAQ-UE RO.UE DE LA="


iundziy;.-December 24thi I1Gl H A I T 'S U N 'M
., .,.-,. .. .:

N I 'I"' THIS WEEK i sucAs the mode'r Baliet gro 'p here t:ie gambling room of the week, Mrs. Shirlby -IK
":" : .., yp Nicho4li in,New, .York.' .Casino.. is, very 'exhting. every. iden of fhe Kqbeon
Tribune..d ,was .put the .Con ess nal Record t. e has an At' Gallery in the night. Matt is 'thb most person- .rctorsof t b
,Trbune.apd was put i the Conessional'Rcrd t I chy, ilviB Haitin able Americin I eer' aimet, asaid Yaork an'dm ni
Senator Dennis Chavez from New Mexico. This newsrtan is on painters to exhibit their works a prominent Haitian busiqess- daugHter P a.tbiiatJ
ti* _. 'es-.he 1tt '"gst.. pai there. man. It is fun for everybody to 'her. assistant
mrhis 1is. t eastu vea Press i, The' Fiedels are guests at the watch him play craps and he is Managing Diredtor ot
Oloffso. . .. a God send": for .,everyldy Company and his 'w
M:an,"--i- !t-i" i1. e ad of joie "**MJr Matthew Hess Shulman, .around him bfut 'the Casinp .itself. and:19-yeair-old: .on
" .i.. b. G.ie und; his the Idmous Plastius Tycoon and Matt l as.an 'Ouanga: (a.Vo .4 yearn. 9d daugt..
G.-. . d his distiriguished wife Pearl doo Doll' Ti-Mamman -who gwive their tw lovely dau.i
-t 1,6'. .t .' tf.i W A"x.8 Shi9rley keep meeting the menibers of amn luck). ,'i Maiman a ma; 17 arid Teresa :13-ah af
t tb 's:h ; ie .".vnpm Pat- their party at the airport. Matt hogany statue wgho graced the red eime r
.j.&...",,'ii'ley and and Pearl arrived Thursday last El, Rancho's .Bar is honored Trigonometr .'aft'te'
l.:'. before and are giving. ,headache to ,Co- Eyeryday with white flowers -- Musi ari Arts..i.
S waIn '.ke Ebin4i n South radio Salimbene,. President of the she is.a LVrgin arid:. wear ,bpau- Mrs Sarah Wean
s-as. hai.: smate dliyton .Casino, since then. Matts hobby t l gold" ernnrgs.. .- Mr Jrome "Wean, $ei
^ '.VAc ttit, of is gambling. With the -president Matt ~aid, Pearl dnd their sha-' duction.. for.'Stix Pr o
1 eje'ever, of the 'tix Products, Ihterna- do6w GuiteS van. (Speedy) Saiv- his wife
,are d b rteen the tionl *Manufacturers of plastics villier ,greeted with flowersthis .. i (Cmtined on


dancer. '
iand' his .
'A" .
in .. iruit 4W ~ 'dni :" .__":: : '"'_,"'. ___.-.a a.. ,, : '"; ,..:..a..,..r .


g^








Voyag par..
.... A -RRPRANCI .

SBEDG ET, CARAVEFE.... a ... s':
SmO .... .us. ....a u 4K PLWSGRAND @5K U '".OD.


~Miss Gl e Petit'
tWyil Become
il Louisi Appollon
Satu'day Decemnber 4 th,.
hiring Miss! 'Gisele' Petit.
t-.'. f our busiiess-miapag-
a:d Muf Marc. :Petiti will; ex-
wit Mr,. Louis: Ap-
So M.. f a.id Zs eur

mphip a ceremony will take
Sacre-Ceu de* Twgeau
I h'..:P.5: , ".
ISUN presenfsrJl .oest
the
est~~, ie future ou-
d 6pxt1ds its eepest -cph
on~,to their pibud ,-.p


... T O EP ..


FOR SALE

Vori, sale acres beautiful land located in Northern par of.
HaIiti between Cap laitien and the famous 'CITADELLE" owner
rcs.iding permanentlyv i.i-L-.A desires to'sell to someone interested
'Ii building beautiful reoi-f or interested in farming. Full. rlce
$15.000.00 or best offer Ipr -further niformafion contact Mrs Marie
BELIARD, $ue. Faubert P.) 5 Petionville, Haiti".


ar bt.eginnifg to ,unAdein'une the Dr" Mitciell Silbert a pr in-
Linei reputation 'whiph .Haitian ent optician from Long hIland''"
artf. idhrto. e3joed tbrobad no- and, his lovely pretty wife hi-
thng .'Co.id be ,:more 'ef1etive ley .are currentt guests ieore.
as ,a counteractgi that :. have Ch lie; '-is .their ..happy.- 'Guide .
the international] spotlight f'ocu- Charming' Mrs De 'rah Sn de r
ed. on aflfaitian artist if the a Psychologist.fronPhilade.phia
'quiet integrity and geniii a- i.s spending the .holidays with
jtic Jeeling: QJasin oseph. ir friend Ms ius To ' .
1 '^ :4.. -.*.
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.N..o.-.t-'- ..'t". e.:b- .t'e'r. :a C... .{'2 .4<, i:,.T:
.aj.n r bbwn d .'t .. .. -.n&-.fl.
: .ost Pof tS < '


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tad ce.--. ,j'. n.jFt iV:1-"-',".xb....-,,.r ': .
..owr. ut th.a.. .. .. .ss ... . ... 2$t. ::. ..- -: and b"-
thes6N A ier tr nNe

itanob A ep 4'6ePW a ,'ecSzW ,ber ~~j~

MT 4%i&tat!4 WieF. qgin lbegs&


.- .-t...hr.u, _.b r w ee. h-.,,.,.4 t,..a.::
4. %.. % P f i .' ,"& ::: '-'.. : "'c.i :,. H", 4%y',& at.t.'VI',
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"_b.J-n-Jacqp 4i.D es ..sab 1.ties ,".::,._,.. .57... ...-.a .. .a t
. .. .. "..,_- ?-u i m '.
,, -.B nq - L ..".-i.ti'or ... -s...
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O-MAN
iPUYo.~CAON ThWbrh








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:.':By'A l EI E JOLICOEUR..: '
u efdick, di foremost dBro aday
B rwill a nrryQecen er. a wi
f OPB.Pa'in cltfdg. the:grearan


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.- A*.69.1


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L Statement "
Bt President t
John F. Ke1nedy

.Pertanings To T heilk

.'-- Lommuican epu lic
e

-note of .the mot' .en.ourtgictg

,n ..l.c.'n..ie, i juo^ '- pb-




,iiieiembebe j!T17ta'ndd has now.
ith^ p-rnapar
iemenfis o6 edemocnbe A o

i n M n 4p reess -
nstratpgn ,of 1I sttesnlph hQ

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Br,.aetnantrs, Hotelsete
Resemvafons aa Hotels pid
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*A y.. ou will ef4 f.teexqtus
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USDwl Ma chine T Solv

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A machine very close to that culitor, and was ;riot built" to bertrdn" is punished qr reward-'
a i u tan vidich aHIs de ,cobmplete '(apid. calculation d ed. .
bs, leans, p ts from its er; other tasks that a calculator per- When thi n rachiie *'commits
re arid -nts how t, f e- foriifs. It does not work logic- an error, the instructor presses
WIve problems s ~sca.ia g '*an, ally as'"do the, alculators, .but a button, which constitutes. a
s .jut yopdpd 'by the 'Istep-by?-step" with some fdrin- punishment by fording' the mach-'
ayth the'nited ula prepared by ,technicic s. 'ine td reconsider het method
t ., :- ." .. and .to readjust her memory.
ke. man the "Cy rtron .. The '..Cybertr n. 'attacks in- The lristluctor ohly has to .tell.
it is- called--learns by trial .solbier 'pl lemp..Jt epoys her' she has committed an er-
Sideisor.-Iestahll" z:yrapby ortri solbethodppl .atta. k, fuzq yis he o. When the machine teplys
between .new'asituatjps i; db ., s t h corrtc'ly to a problem .st e tJ H
ndexp rr itl, d byvpezfectt apqavr h *Wa. s ccey l suo e Ikes rre lrded .and is permitted to.
tinualy. .' all t'an who ar by ne the o umte
ot.is a ..cal- ooC 4lti ied. esponse, .the ..',, Ie. t
I-, ".. ", ..Th.d :.. -,. rh "Cy tber' tr nh'' i" ,s he;r-
s: ,,e I" f .er,'by i dIrn 'death ai$ ex =r'
imni t of specific' thaterials,-;b
azid by. adding. new It'
I. bbttingfaetp so 1d
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ONHE UE,-,w,..A,, ,.P .. -0RDER NO AD ... '!.HAPPY D
a(AM XPB 4D .LUB ACfD) I THE HOLIDAYS. -
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S 'E-U'.O 6"e; Cen. ON ".'RTS .. TRO-CAL -G'S C'MPANY, 1 C.,
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SKhristophe's

,Among .,the daycasians who royal, apo- the princesses appear ment, here we arok
c me to Christophe's court were ed, dressed. most bhapdpom elegant ,deje -,
t ladies. from-. Philasqlphia.. and with a degree .o. eeleance Sth the : kin'siip.e
They were to, have charge of the which we had ioE expected.: The officers of: the o p lack
d-ucation of hii. two -d.aghters. 'queen-was. eeedixgly -obliging andA yell w b
Ve embarked.' iecounts.oie of .d. ,affable; she trade 'in- ery the
thse teachers "at. Philadelpia, quies respecting "eur passage
;lid ,fift,:.een .days, reached Cape and. health; she expres'edhr place s
n 'the'iqrer. Cea ..~ os. hope that we sho6ild'be, perfectly teret th
..ljsndedn:',p uch,..elbltated by happy-as long' as e siouid, re-; eqecte . .
ai~nesis; we 6 rerdt 'dur$- :mai: with .them, ad' she assur-
heipasge. h pi that -she- wuld .be 'fWa0s
*. 1, iv . sent r",ely-,'. .tand.4 40
,oaxthem lo 1" ,padS- t d:R -M and Jiqr nece"^a fttw
s S But .Jet ...th evident sinerity' nvi' ced.' a
t'the i st4'y. ,r "at*h .a'she Ma a'Jidndaa f ?. ..

,t^i$n4w 1 eratguaye polite; an;' appkedp Berepe
ur S*cn akasd a dea -ur h







S Sunday, December 24th, 191 t A I-T S N'. .

S' A I SUN confronting the gentleman. The reptilian subdivisions, are.mi,
h. A ', S U T most likely explanation. came able of -cross-breding, ain
from Dr. Eustache, icthologist with all life past moeba si
GTHE H IAN ISH LrANGUAGE NEWSPAPERB in the'. Department of Zoology require at least droft e o
".Comunity Weryk Published Sunday Morning at Damlen. This explanation has site. sex for m~itiplicti 's
Editor-Publisher BERNARD DIEDERICH. ; to do with etymology, or rather put'fny neighbor at :ase'p
Gerant-Responsable MAUCL LABIEB semantics. The woid 'serpent' chimera of- his propertyy 6
.' ESTABLISHED IN I Habitation Leclerc is in English a generic..term;. by Dux iianbred 7iddagerousi
ESTABLISHED IN 1960 Habitation Lecier broken dawn into'subdivisions, is perits,'.I mht say. thatmt
HAITIAN HRISTMAS TREES Prince 'mammal' is -generic. with man fime was .iimore tha.riKnefi
-HAITIAN CHRISTMAS TRES Decemner 15, 1961 as. one of 4he subdivisions.' (To. axny reptile imported. to
According to botanical specialists the pine-tree which To tle Editor the best of my knowledge these .. (Couu o
grows "in the uplalids of Hispaniola is' a separate spe-" Journal Le Nouvelliste
ies not found In other countries; the botanists can it Port au Prince DG [ .
,inus occidentalis. It is not even found in the neigh- Dear.Sir: . J', L L )
The lengthy declaration writ-
boring islands of .3amnaica or Puerto Rico. -- ten by our good necghraor Mr Al-
It is chel cteried 'by a -hard-wood, but. atthis time bert Mangones, and thn last mi-"
of-: yar its symmetry and density of deep-green, need. nute cancellation of the Pan -
Ies makes it a Christmas Tree par excellence. Which American Festival day at Habi-
brings.us to two divergent feelings: nation Lealerc even though al-
S-4s a Christmas Tree this Pirns occidentalis is of ready announced for some weeks
outstanding merit better than the imported trees of ahead, oblige md. once ymorept
thinner foliage. It is cheaper and so can. bring pleasure bWication ih order to address my-
Sto-many more homes. It brings income to the habit- self to the 'Ifaitian .public -and
afits in the momitains/, he'ideed 'need it. It .is -a small press. If have not don thi -.
but definite factor in a.favorable balance of payments sooner it is because of my ast- @I [
fqr Haiti. onishment- at the measure taken
But the habitats are-iTthless in cutting down tlie by Mr 'Maigones, and particul- Dt D
trees, and denuding hiide cnducive tocostly ero early that -this great appreen- .,...
0ion of the most fertilesoflthe. wealth of the ry. su woulate date. Had there
Jt also inoreades runfMf f- eaifall and thus lessens been the 'dangers : so 'widely
water-"esoprees. -- broadcast' these last days surely
Haitiani' ugricuetr tus tly Mr 'gbnes would have been'n
a iap.jnpti.ng yp 1 i "f... w .veui better to evacuate this proper-
ty, myself -not far' behind.
i, ee for reach hing of any conscientious citizen .to
a p imm ediately ri report these fears
y* r py, a M;.would ye op bu itr' Wall so that th&ir trith (n this-case -
the rdA toritv. untruthl could be estabtied
g r b and the 'eighb orhood duly alert-'
apnoe mpl the ed'aid prb Tcted. This a n"' sil-
Aprl o.W qds to you Junoy de ht liday en te part of Mango-
hike c 7000 -fee, b a e e itt. rt fat -an .important official, visit to' Le-
riso t o Ecalyptus- clera, gives one material for a
l ,i ath ,io t. suprbe iw wa n ith ory m breath, cold -great deal of speculation. ,
cf sp Wintet-ai- h a a ove let are-. I -have 'also been '4eayed by
: i- I 1. .. c I '- 4. ... ," .
taker gh up though other -activities .in connection i
most o. Hthe diu. l' -'.rter othrugh- oth is unfortunate rumor: a
'- o ; dkye --'-tj" wt h . ths.
.a'iea d .. barrt 0Vcg- command visit to the Polide De-
..'. a. w p-l... .l. is -. st apartment, conferences with Min-
m n1lu, few ,f h .-.most of- thle isters,-, explanations to officials
wa terupply from. Port aa Porinesor tes f- r o Bois fro-m Danlien, visits from the

gJi, ~,*i >s en I'h toly ou not least an official vist roicn -,-'
me Prfte de Port au Prince." Th Wo Most Wiik^f.-Nead'N:ews'sng'"
again -Junior), on- Bois' d'A'vril would not only brig The Prefet, by a .at stroke oi "
inPoa 'to the habitatsand to ,the Goveneat, but wisdom, arrived at the solutions a a .
bly ost import .tnserve and augment the of our 'reptilian population aat ... ,.
'-2S upply for Poti 'au Prince. A forest-fpserve on Leclerc. That same day they By ribng to 'IE at t spela tshownblo
S.Bisd'Awt,bri gi water- to: the. people' of-our cap- were transported_ cages and all ... .uneyibng to E the sp..ecial o.-te hoauiow
aresvme, poy ad enjoy-the convenice-oft y

1it61-eity could well be a tremendous monument to some- tojthe Section of Zoology at Da- mopia dUlkvered to your door or post office tbox.; b
one. So folks Good Will l mien, there to be examined byy t4y d enjoy TIME's crisp, clear, accurate- repbrtins g
of a com m ittee capable of .stating wda i i o ,-.iv-i i o rn t events in : P
a g i gi o n c a t e g o ri c a l l y w h -et h e r t h e s e r e p: *.." .
,t." e t iles are in any wayt angerouso t Internatenal A~alr :. Medlolee im
a a. .lwsr Book1

.Science f Theater Mumic
In my, efforts to comprehend t a
the. action of Mr Mangones T 'All this plus citra news of Latin America in the esdition
4 -t "of have naturally .ehausted all reee candid, often courageous reporting of evn n %i
8 ft' possibilities other than directly covered eisew p bere. o a r ,n'
toFill out the eofupn belowZooogha d att Da- ..
subscription dealer, newsagent .or booklieller por send toii
address shown. This offer applies to new subscribers only..

tie ar i rime International, c/o Banque Natlohals de Ba
iRepublique d'HaItl, Part-au.Prlnce l ,
: n m y e c o m p r e h e n d 'A l l t i s e n d m e a i r -sxpt r e d e d T I M E L a t i n A m e ri e a in t -io
S w "for 40 weeks at the special introductory price: G .50, n
veeie .candidm often boij of. """ '"-


I Addrm-e or.. O.x 't
~~~~~rm Inentinl c/o: O ,- ..'... ;kalhl .... W-...'e_ : .
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GavS'!-^


21 .i?;,.._-., _. "- ; ...Itl -. Mia : L .3. AO '.H e ir.B% f








' H AITI SUN '


I Sailrs Mermaid" Now Considered For Her Appetite, Not Her Form


imailatee, a, heirbivorous In Africa, where Lake Kanrba ,. So, therefore, when a fishery Section, FAO Fisherie
al.who in the dim pant formed in 1958 by damming the research officer In British Gida- Branch, show that ott
|'have looked like .mer- Zambesi river, vill-.be the larg-' ia puBlished'.a shdrt nofe 'in a factors have to. be con
to saillots that. definitely est man-made' lake in the world magazine on his experiments First, manatees, whi
,ep.too long at sea, is .now when it fills its 2,000 square mile with manatees as a means of it the lagoons and-larj
considered not for her ab- area by 1964, an aquatic weed water weed control, th placid rivers, of the Atlantic
::l osure.shi upon.the rocks known as water lettuce or Sal- manatee's steady diet of weeds- southern North Ameri
irher consumption of aqu- vinia auriclata has .already cov- seemed to be a' "free" 'wa .-out America .and Africa,,
is. ered a tenth -of its. surface, of the morass.
ITyear, thousands of do. This mammal, whose human-
Mre .spent. battling weeds Lavender 'Was Lovely ike bosom and rather whale- *
,oe. up lakes and canals The tremendous cost of aqua- like tail may have nurtured the -'" M
i oat6 : annot tpass and tic-weed control can be illustrat- mermaid legend, is- the s bject
r'tfrom lack' of oxygen.: ed bY the case. of the. vateik bla- of soire notes -put-togethef by
reaperss are used in einth. The commercial 'herblicide Biology m Branch of FAO's
can;is. s" that-ir~d o : .t e" "'"gint"t- "" eBiolog'Brach.o FA
a~ls .sothat all st sudcesful against it -cnst fisheries Divyision, in.(answer to i
., egha"50 n .acre apple Ti" ~ -iuests received .'or .m.ore in-
.ataerss 's.'^ has,-spreatdw t. t. ,brmation o& '.siigt .te 'mrna- ,
ite in B' by courtesy tee's natural appetite for weeds
floist tlzout- stein Bra~zl. by courtesy of-as a solution to the costfy.aqua-
rou t the 'Wales: *oe' t h s l ds a solution to 'the costly -aqua- .. "
S- toe. who thought its .pale, a- tic weed control- in fishing wat-
t .weeds ghqlo g' vender .blossoms were lovely and &rs and irrigation caia ,
'blades. "ool. home-a slip.
D, -Downgraded froM siren to ?seaa
c .. -. ow,.. the mianatee'is large, bos-
:;- -.." -- ,'otnj- ,m ni' .a' -. '.- o y m h. paddlelike ' "- . ..
fore feet,, no. hind feet arid a -
S" '"'I'"/ /'/ '4Y q S' [ i broad, ronhded l5ottpm She hlis
'MEN'SMRTS blunt .muzzle, small' routh.
wth' -flehy lips, and lacks exter-
C iARVES nal ears. She' oastis a to,,gh
hide, scattered 'aiir and an ex '
N" DKER I"PS presson .tt onl another.mr.an
A.'... atee. could find attractive.-


-A-
.n'te'.';;.
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s Biology
her major
isidered.
ich inhab-
ger warn
coast of
ca, Sotith
have 'few


m 6f


^V hs~or^

I' .* ,o;n t

.. en te, label
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'a
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The notes pkbted ut that .e '.
n;anatee- ill.- happily t any. .
aquatic, .plant. ekcept- those that' ..-. ....
re wpod.-it eVen grazes,-sy ...
fenatically so .thai one it has
:: learnedd an area it perlodjWilly
combs that'.areat .thereafte to.
keep .-the water clea ." '
manamthe like.to chew aw y to- .
gather. In several experiments
ciar id d ot the ishr' re s-
Search o er in .B.riti': G ,lana, : ...
7h feet, long. were capable of
clearng La canal 2 ft wide and a
"A 0 msoni -


However before one rushes
out to deposit' a manatee.a.Ser dtx.a.. al': S d v Ha r .e"d.:
ne.'rby wbed chokednlake-A the
notes c d by Mr llia HOTELS: RESTAURANTS &SS5
W Jni and.:esources 'iilou 1 L"
.. "P. `A!'".t


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CA Very ap e'Ya
.4 F .- Y'
tit- .-".6 .

To All OUr Frnd .:
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,fl J


sunday biecenher b24ft 1th

natural enemies. B'itfrthyiy-r-
almost defenceless against manW'
Utilized for food, oil and leather.
they are extinct or near extinct-a.
ion in some parts of their na
tural range. .
Once. captured, ihe manatee is
difficult to transplant, for iri
spite of its tough hide and large,
size, it bruises--easily and -hasi
to be handled carefully. Ther"
(Contfnmed on page. 19')-


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* .. '- Sunday, ..eenie z..


e Alliance For Pro gress Miss
of --.,




e.Adv.. ,_ A s Bmdschelder, .Agronom t, R e be p


..in. Cooperatve. .The second ,day- was devoted. -: "
Ssits at e O t the cu ro-socil aspects of
-i.3 .2 .







O f ho t nioo inA t t h e ,D i t n dfftAa g r lu r l t u
Stn : es d, -s, tgeo .Ke C a ntave, fe s in view f -. ratin -
j5 liwlppnbnt Mviior, Ih6Technital'Director,"rChar- lOpmeni of b ur nt ry by'sieps water 4.1 --ghts,, 4e ti






i-i'' reedngJn-a- and' Hig etaff og ODVAd d uaton ays, struggling gai i s p ae
plqfts C -don s s *' 46 "- e and tU "our. e6mfbefihed: 4Haiti k 4mor
r M b";: "- '--",._...S--ist"i. b a e g espws eth r- ..... - .- .-...., ,-'.-
e-iCUt-tnp._ t het he.DAps e at-e s .v f o., T,- .Mdd:: a a

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unday, December -.-61
*$'i Sunday, December 24th Ji1-61


'iHA 'T I SUN '


Alhe Troub


(Written for Le Nouveliste) -

by Th ofms P." WITIUDNy .
What path will th.'Dominican
Republic, free at last of the Tru- A month ago, for instlmee.
'..jillo family domination after Maj. Gen. Pedro Rafael Ramon
nearly a third of a cehitury, take? Roderiguez Echevarrig was, the
'Will it return to some kind of Commander of the Santiago Air
Military dictatorship at the en"f B the WDominican Air For-
'of its present period of turimo-l Ces. No one outside the co intrS'
-with everything- pretty mrtcn had ever hejrd'of him. No' he
the same as-' before except thle is the. Secretary of State for the
,.nme of e dictator and 'his fa- Armed Forces and the person
npIj?. Will! extremism of the fa. who under, the present con;tiftu
'left emerge frdm civil cont(it tio'n would .succeed to the posi-
to establish a Communist rule sion of President Balaguer if the
on the 'pattern of Cuba? ,Will later:died or resigned. Further-
there, perhaps, be set into oper- more he '-has turned out to be
action a series of' developments the main prop under Pres'dent
_. $.ich wil.Rgive :m6re freedom. to Balaguer and- the leader o.f the
SDominican people and- perhaps drive to break the general strike
in the evd lead to establishment which has gripped the -republic
of'constitutional democracyT On, as .opposition forces '-seek the
ly events ll answer these ques- overthrow of Bhlaguer.- RQderi-
d tions, of course. But much de- guez Echevarria, a' handsome.
pends .-on. the .new personalities youthful,. brown-skinned man .of
brought? to, the ,fore ':b the dev- 37 with an infectious smile, a
elopmentst. of .:Ihe; last:. severall quick ..wit and a-.thinline musta-
Sweeks. etieo ;thes' -persoha e.leaj' io. national prom-
ties whbo. ir tJh-.tbha 'had neon e non'ng of Sunday,
lines e-w*hdeWr. un Nove$e ,whln tbc fate of
not-.so. ve gao the 1ublw in doubt. .Wi'th


i


,,_ .. a^ -. N Nm'. country. He was-',ti M
SNNU eNN WEW Sanfl., e ven
rwa saa inJi. es. It as norc*M Id
-. Gen. Roderiguez Mendez,
S. 'er Commander of the .Bi
-'i a members of the departed Tru- Air Base, was sent 'qu.
ff 5 0f 3lS irno family. He did restore ord- of- the country on ,. d
imsw*Wa a s er--tmporarily and -it W.i the assignment aft er Rod
next threat to public_ ordar that Echevarria became ep
brought him out into the openlannmd forces. oqeg
the two brothers of the assassin- against those .came opposition varria installed his ow
ated Generalissimo Trujillo. Iled- forces which -had idolized. him pedro tigo Vod'ri
for arid Arismendi,' plotting aO only a few days before. On Mcn- varria as commande oi
bloody coup to take over c-ntrol day evening, -November 27th, forces. '- Another brother-
of the country and wipe out all ,there suddenly snowballed a. mo- key post in the Nati0oal
opposition elements, it was Rop venient for-a general strike aim- of the republic. But'thery
deriguez Echevarria and a group ed at forcing the resignation of replt of airforce bffier'
of other high ranking airforce President Joaquin Balaguer. On. bi at the. San Isidro ba'
officers who came. ut Qoenly Tuesday morning, Nov. 28, Gen. Santo .Domingo which'
against, the two and blocked Rpderiguez Echevarria c 'm e down--anft all participaiHn
their plans. Leaflets with the-out with a ringing appeal to the d ti resign their' 'compn
signature of the birforce general Dominican, .people "not fo be Would Roderiguex ";cil
were dropped on the-nation's ca- sheep" and to- return' to work succeed in estiabiisi
pital to tell the-people there that immediately. Nothwithstanding as a new niilitay dicta .
the airforce and important other this appeaJ, and- everything- lVe Dominicna Republip?V.h
sectors, of the arr-ed forces that the general was able to do ed to be hls',ixm.-, .,'
would *&ct to prevent a coup to end the strike, -it pontitnued ;-
against t'e government. For day after'day. One of Roderi- R6deriguez Eche4arr;
somd- days' s a .result Rcderi- guez Echevarria's- moves, during from '-: large. and',dis, ]
guez Echeviatia was, a.-national the strife was -the advancement family from that- e"gi.
hero. President, Balaguer brought of a plan' for -a changed govern-. Dominican Republic' rth
him to Santo. Dbomingo. to head mental regime which' would have ,the" Ciba. He takes
the" armed "for ces on Thursday, 'in effect have put him in vir- iin the fame of :-geis- t
November. 23. It was to him.that tual control of the governmentt. father who lwas a ii.
the President assigned thiq task' :Even' without that he seeitd ,to er of: Dominicans in'ii
Of restoring order inr the troubl- be in control of the government against the Haistiansm.r:
ed capital torn by looting of the of .Balaguer -- but he. could hot part- of he' i19th' cen
homes and enterprise of- the' establish his control -over the -o o n'i

A . .. .


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''HAITI SUN''


Sunday, becember 2ith,,A


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From page 9) the co
r tber, Santiago Rordedi- can ai
lie" he considers to have- been of Rat
n military theoreti- ver or
or click
3 eriguez Echevarria is hilm- portrait
frbtud if being a skilled pi- office
n. hhis capacity as one of Ramfii

: .-. ,- _.. 't .






.,,. ... : .- ."""i:- .


aubled Domi


mmanders of the Domini-
Lr forces he was a' friend
mfis. Trujillo -- though net
ie of. Ramfis' inner circle
que of intimates. Ramfis'
it hung on the wall of his
in Santiago eyin after
s departed from the coun-'


try. Roderiguez Echevarria i
a, man.. witi much political se
appeal-buit' fI-w tee' he.- wit
have much 'chance to apply i
in the Dominican' political situa
tion as it has developed is no
clear. For from having been fo
a few days the darling of thi


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3URRA
es Desalines

TAL -STORE
.s~'- o* -


i "- Prominence in Dom ."i'
as heqd of a rg
mum* UCN- whic&cai4&to6e
ed front of all elements up
i stre to the Trujillo dictatorship iI
s street crowds of Santiago- .nd haspaticu stig
K Santo Domingo he has npw be- UC Dominica par iddle class
Scme their chi dev- und especiay, in iddthe lerass p
t attack as a "reactionary." s peiay. oin the literad 1
sions, among doctors &aid
- -yers and the like. It' acquh..q
r If Roderiguez Echevarria is one its leading position in the f opj
e of the two main protagonists of sition, by playing,the 'most '*a
the Dominican drama at the mo- tive role at nearly evetry po
ment, the othbr is a 66 year old in the struggle to end Trajlt
physician .and philosopher nam- ism frdi July right on dowaj4
ed-Dr. Viriato Fiallo who is th6 the end of November. Fiallo
head "of .the- Natiorial Civic Uni- come the leader'of the UCN It
ion -UCN- which is the chief cause of his. national reputation
organization of --the Dominican and bis' appealing public, persOT
opposition. Fiallo' i$ a big man alty. He"'has a bit; of the tfou
physicallE4 6.feet two .inches of the late. Wendell Wilkie ab
tall .and nearly 200 pounds in him.
weight. His .political activity
goes back a' long ways -to the ,-
period even before the Trujillo' Despite Fiallo obos qu
dictatorship when, he was promi li ies and the prmbabre prohi
nent for attacking the Ameican of. his .character there ia-good
occupation 6o the Dommican Re- deal of .question as to- lirpolit
public which cdme to an end. ical skill, and adiritness. This'
1924: For years uider rujillo leaves setous doubts abodt 1
e .was.n ad out o .ja.-. political -,bture and that 1ofi
he was 1n and out 'of .jail .-In : .
tj, period from'1947Tto 1952,- tor- arty. the .UCN TiaUo
example he .was three times, in iled,, to-denstre ay
prison .including: seven months. clearout and precise se
I soutar c donfihiemelit, -wnder urpose..and tactife iti the .I
:accusation of--attemgts .t rinican political situation -sin
ert the goverrimeft'of .Trujillo the, departure t..the ruJilo
:In 1947 -when, he had. taken re.. He mad -an inept bid for pqwe
:..uge in th.i-Columbian.E ibassy in negotiations wi the. Pesid
eiciceeded i
he was i'*fused -permissiorn-to- ent succeed antag
leave-the ..country. As lorg be- oter opposon leader
. ,. He fied to rta& ai n
fore as 1932 efbe v lo pe-he-
cution ofriao had. beg .
when the later .was fi'red- b -t o e cdi5i wt'
Proie r 'at -he iversity oc oel or the ..opposLtio
Santo 'Dbmingo 'for rest t t i
join the-officia,il l t o po in the atio p s
party. In ,191 'lbe was .dismt i.: .. et' 6the.'giera'strike
i as. iirecto *r, %inadical services nent-snowbdl and ge^ t
for various industrial, conceis control ad then was t
.under-governimenf pressure. Fia-the general strie. He haa-.be
)lo, nevertheless, made himselfunable to ringsit to an
a good living' es doctor., He spite -rpeated appeals. i
.',ivw"owadays as previously. in as. the situationg tq
a modest but. comfortable"'ho:me sees to have4Aitle.conl l
in- the .'heart-of the capital: Fial. te tret-crowdp Santo
-io i- isarried and- two .,i And.ti.suggests, .
---o of them a bsinessiban andi Possibility that if the bitter
4.tthe other 'a, lawyer, He. is.gefr- t... thin- the republic
ra ly consiydetd.. to h ave.m -~~' Lu s... -ef 'there' Ids daf "r
Scons otie" 'political conomi' )eadtship.of the- c"wds
much 'r to-theie:'
iriews and to.desire the esthliq. m t t e s.
ment of a liberal deniocrati o e-x6.-.e e e
,gime in his country. '- -" -
Fiahlo has att ined his presel t (Con tied- on page ,;,4
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. fDu PERRIER .
O.DUPERRIER .L-
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-',-b.: i sW 5, pe0: e nt ...,:. s".m..+ per. pe..l.onoe 1. upf to ma ned. couple;d- Thede .deductions wfll_.be. replaced bk a I) -."tan' dar ddction"" tnks~tl L+ 'ow~e br a.
3-o..)+. G 1. ,,_. a. -ad.o ... pr 1om p toa" aim m o m adjum~ed personal .inco~me a s. explaied b"elow,"Though l Q Cub .",Afbeol t !fI
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m~ "i: ..d-e -c.qen. .,,-i-:&a ]Yn, .orie9'.. ie. children, faLther, mother err.. b . ete used-....e a.O esn a, Q e'., .. te. Lollo_-Win:. a."+,.. fent'+-a- .kid"f4:greljt.
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Ie.. i er... .....-"a . .ast of the "aidus incomes"which ,constitute adjiuste' in- -.. o o" ....
T b.reg _tn f.om. paragraph Ic).aboe are reciprc ." .. ,.I
:al.IDeddotions- ofP G'.4 : per" y "a ndpr persog i1'as-provid~ed *. c,.",ome.'The. latter- comjms'es.'Th.e following.,_.. *' ..so ",;.eo.. .'.a, sotsomeo
a'U~v~ ar. all'rp l ie o At 0..child, -randson c'o grau iddatught-. a)' Cross salary- including. New+:ryear's gitt and gro~s1bol ltle ligrt : -t~L
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V
51

J



'7
:17 of, tax assgsmci kciaj et h s
"kvlt-ti6,it4ested.pr6fessional,a,sociatios, tha bE
Fit
concerns:rnere -ahy)6mpe vet-enterprim
eiiii
:'by-the-Internai: Revenue Office ts
ued
Particular. musVp aice-A owi
-0 S C an
bse( he-gs e pr(
ly, te of e qua ed
AMOUNT QF::T-HE TAX o, serve
to nal., ie-du,,:frorw he'-taxpyer- "comparison., n
The' Internaf c grane
e on, pers6 inc(
co we frbn bondsi -saIaries and Ah Ai t'
f
_p my; d6b t( s,'- 16 th
hments updn''
sse br q n the A ument,
turp basi's, and r al' ue_ba jns0&ct6r., i cQnnection with oc
es, and'.'a-n y- other? 'tic4e 9 0 income ax- the shCetLbas, time gratuiti ent Val shall ch ve been d_
be 3 , i ' I -, -L z' dis6sat and-- pledges'- not to secae I e.proce are
s Came -,,fo
axw
lullthi h di"
per5o)q : 7 .,
_,2.: Stand dOuctiort -:bf -'10. o, th adj ct6
tia on the,,,name Qf the cqm e r:, s6lL d.,
_,inves
ard m e ustedf al
o 'd .... ..
METHODS
0. case,, t
y 14spee or w 0 -r
conW in N (1), nqt, to Li G. '10
ro-; 'evenr.-.th AhO-p e ',''don i't o anyon -Nvi
3.' Substractign of I ptioris In'-the at C d4ates h I be lia e 'to; isiTplii
0;_6 e Wha' sJever
16'(l to G 0 .00" 00_.o
foi at the, be' nin Of the pre artie 'withoa pr-6mTice -to prosecu ons I d
gm sent, Arti'l rpee 13 *bould'.pr o-el b Re 01'
ti hi(
g: C
bedtiction of 10,001 to, G. 60,000,0D,
Offic'
v _-inti6rested parties.
ertaken
4 f ch eed p_ me c exp ries, w MI
da'd in- No. :2 60 mi to'b.
f -sdb twthejacbm
-1011o of. adjusted: -,;Personal- ',20% on G,.A00 oww 't oak
income-;as pres e .... 0 aaytaxp e icle97, -In case'of abi
ayer, t oq excgp
d G_ 001001, to G. 2GOM.W', 25%.-,6nG.,
ayer,
1500 if the't- mil
cou s an- action-
ar ebtor befor
inddase, Jii, 'the High Court 6f,'Ac
this. part not d
-4 bachelor or G. i,00 if imarried;-,, the said' 5W dWff -,30% n',G., ,GQ
the, tax I )roi that the prii--cipal am bunt
xrdical t al
ax, pr6vi
ex ern
er 'h
f and' for
incWTed by tl e, taxpayer.for hiffis -D ar 6btbi te:'6f -the-,supp ement
appropria
heen, prey
US A --o ty
,s being
-s by his per ns; All: lu ive
lieir a
re eke s co ormi Nvi
rniihatidn,, Arti e
6fXuust, 31
G
ons pove _Tce'rate o the tax on V income; relu'rn
come,- -aild-"in t 6,--p overnmen receip
d6cian6ifts.must be tta Arti ej,8onal
"forz
ayer -who, dqes not orwartasis)::as well as 0 commercial nd'diidusbial pmfits.'(rental
nteri*l Reyenu& Difice
y 11 .. i .1 I' 1! ihcoine',uf& those r'notiyiallyobtainable Lhe I
asis,,,an asis, is -as s Wate n
perio ,prec f di-ballance7sheet.
t
1,the he st: Int6rimil Rv6nue e within the- Iare d i Articl piofit,;---incoMb ,r6ceij theiiLtrup-,-.4
law-, of thO-tpresen 'aw w seslo. furnish explanation f eckifi t L I _g tapayerconce mer
cq,
So rptu, or m- -a d o b I ex6rf s, wholesaj&i or retail ants .9
i5o 92 n, case,: of d transfer 6f a:,business; ei er
ano h t I --their,:books 'and state3ii4nti.6f;
to iAqe of from.G.;2 e P ed Iwith er-c ying-dfijhe.s C n ow separa e y,
taken of, capital;-,vorl"'g' ess vohime,.cLibnte e, 4] e, amoun s it An taxp p.aM d NOng ems-
onfil Jes'of the folio
ayer,,subjeet to of -A conideratioh' 'or' g-ratis, the ,esent.-6w-nerref-nain-.,'ioiuti"I
f nsible, \rith the ginal 'taxpaier forpayrncntofariy I
&hartes..aiurnber,'ot. einlbee- th-builaing, oc
cert4i*, activi es*1
prbfits who ails to submit his final return 'vi _i6nt valqe 'of
reTa-"ng u6 7 cupie or o vatioqi,,w lplower,-oDsum ti il SE WOR RENT
e required by the Internal RIe-venue Ofti& 41 but d fromt 6 latter.
ief lad nit"th 'd retqrft: *!thin'. 10 wox
-'Article 9a.-Any fine, prescribc& in .di
,to other legal, penalties, to subrn !e.isal sThe, iqui 6effici&if-shall, bd.,ta c !h in 6 T-onsider
determined in the 'na-me o ille- nt6rprisdj. j3eauwa, miod" 1ho
thc! thet n6ifil71 fio" -44th e, ei nd! n,-,
A. er this .4 is ,of thetax and 7al- or b, th c6llclobr, t, lts,operatio g I o-,
e gelf-will 'be reclorG6nei su-6 -b6t*
elay, the. a a en' at out 'e of flft
ac c-6f il 1) tm
-he internal Rev enue' nWgI Y_ Mothe I e a
din the minimum -and the Yiaximurn
-isevibr
ve, 4, modok di
to,
ilt
4ti and thi's ad ecisi ay'not IsSuance And executio of -a :const 0 a
available- Worm aint 'order rifoi lth
_y usiness;:,,,,,w e Aining
Tooms Hving and
'on nunlis on-m.'
b Revende 6iff
ei, f h an
-.Jun -e
e appe before the in 6; 4 on-'; ilieAntethal
11 1936 on -kitebLen ,W
venue aw-6 a ua -constrdints,"and theDedree-4- A
-Ahe' in 1x'
c6 y
o MP s of, t- d
,n V97 .an ie ex offido' estimate
r taxpaybr in-.*riting, and- paym ut: 31- 19& on, the, prompt 61jection, -of _!egelpts
As s g,ouudsi artd--Iag swim
t "the'
wit out ent
on -con e- axpayer mu
-required tr p
elay -and coll6cti fo Office,,Jo a 01 WAI
h 'h6 led -bill- shd\vjng tlat, theju b4
by all le al 6f" dexcion. g si d rWas,p
sfit
iae, 't
Q:, eLQ b
ay Y-
er s request eco y _P
of.tax ev on' yj 5 ti y u fj
c d Clara to
b eC y a. a p p r op r I'd ey;, of the, oint
-lidple.jo-paymen -o e. ax or supi S or _:,, ean
-of:, The case must--bc, heard' tb `fhe'-susj)-eni6nL adQJ thi
ce year, or--* sit -ta ntact
t ttl )lement, p Us a hie toefter,
cyeases,
us-Te ivedjrq
I ,,Janqary: e, s, W1,
e 55
Tuir
,.qe AfteT the 3 st wl ou
to' G. 2160 hC. Internall Re'venutei in L
posi s for purp* ,of QVI ulg4
6: 5W h I
ye es -acu oncorne
P
NOY,- 60 6- N-T




















































Inlications-
thq,' qx:pa; ,csubgt&,the a VeAjq, en
"d rer -ab It p9e,- act Rigand No
ERNST

th DE), L0 PaIN
In"the-'event t at tne-metnAi as e, PING,
axab1w,-0W maXIi
wapu6i le
effial, cord g. to'Anw4ti
........... -intell t L "BEACH

d k,; xternat-:acfi-
rp6tation -'an Ii -exarr natlonWtl e U 0 AND
7AIOUE JSL
M'arWTY 0 ving Inves -
vities of e N
a I xeal prc)pefty,' X
d' utide 2quisitlons of
a`d e d s, in( rtain OAT U PREITM
G
Pe. yearI
MY IN 0LXDJW
income.
Due accolintl waH,Pe,, Taken,
_g d d

ctm
during t1le Ye, lY
-Tay
nent,7ithbut
ixaacl wry-s-4in
T'- -eCoUrS c uian,.PU.Lkq U WATER b
carin his, _T WRIKT- TO S
U Is.




NENtli PEPFUILs_ LIQU W000'r M 0 C7,*N Y C




H El T015L







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i! = -.. . .. .. .... ... .. .... ..--'... : "- ..1 t... -' : .. ...'a-m .- ..,'.--.. ,, ,: ..' -. .-:.;;. l
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i ( Jf. T -R...B.:- o M INIC. A 'l"" 4 I'"i ll is',"'. '. oi ,o.' ".ap;' & N.tl I fsd jt S= -
i ;] J . " L t ..o".- :.. '. -.'" <, ".::..,. .. .>L '+ . + .::n-: -,F o. l -F. - -.. "i, .. m r. .
-in..ed irom-page,'10 ..,. underground and".itln its i mks cont o.lsl.W i toh.-. the %ddiM ie'tl ..7.u--4i.' ....t....
,'. ; . ... . .. ". 4. ; .. I., .., .- - ,, "-. V ..t.C .
-;' . . . there a... to &fq-u-dUe sh s t o Vi..ti... "FV...l, -, -, -? :. "4; a
.. --.-..... 1.. ;-p .
-~~~~~~ I... "....... ":_. .. .... ' g:-
to the 14tL of June t-.. -.leftist'W ant,- .i-Ambdtaf.. .. .. e c-- '- 4 t- WR ls ,i n e c.xi
,:." ". ,tb,-,-n M4 --`' z a Y'r 1 fi-16 i4 ` q 0,'.:,,:"
'elements in the, Do ncan :poj- Pa'. .o. the answer. "-.1es :-.... ...-
-.htclpcn. hr r oe aps-with Taae:ut-u nus t aq ~& ~&' -'-.
,l... ioreigrners considie.t that points of'parallel between. this is not znant vve a frr ndbis:!.b Wdi4 C& ixksvrro
~/ie. policy of the Ama.ban moveifenf and- that.-bt--taslo "definite-"answer "Re WZ i-thwdld e ".'txf Y..'o j ze p}n'te

!3ai diplomacy is batjrhiki ..t's-..-.T.O =:T. J .yt es' fr o tl*'ue rgz.vpnd-i an a ep:$grl r6U 4JhoIa'Y pm;tbt
iuer. This is incorret..-, -su- iaa eortt y
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'puts gr. ,,I- ., -, .13 -,.-.:-..-e.:.I W.



h;.Vitred b ist -.ort by toajL f t}a t 4rtIhw.U N. :lys-ta...
.I t: ,tP"..i_. ps" -of
hi wfe.-ne o ,I!~~ whit
.:I.. th tate D prm n ~ d r o h: iy ....Ta itesWh w r as-sii.te -i "" m. ei '.- "-.-" ----he. .."%.




-~ 'ck *nlyd like to ee an .va'ez Justtof- ten.tries "tn 1mw.tsiterswh-.r asasiae cow t
...I. .. .. . .. ..r the, a-. I r, ..
ly transition to a new reg- "ate- Castr6 ~in -his sPeakng teck- p~p rtic~, ul arl!y' blo ody an ria m n~ i ~ r i e eto h
--.C,--w iti




inAd probably orighnAlly hop-' Ijques.; T.be P arty as used on i'ime-'' by the TrJil-:' Amohew .p j.-. nt
mt.Baaguer would be able occasion slogans dakn, from .the ice., Whe ....'o .est .t e, e R ... h
n President for -time Communist lexicon- . ... which. : stand?, -'On ,nne f s. 1 ,t betweenthem ow-, 'r, Vse..&,":-.-...
..-., L; --.... -. 6w i4.--.. ---.
E 2 transitionalregime in press anti-American -ataWtudes;.. k'-s-w, --hi sel,. to be.am.-enabjleo.. .e .-........ .......
~iz+Opposition elementsee Ther'e is a ominous and- d i ous :".a. ofl..to -%. --P;' -=..";$-u. ,- ..i :. ":
I -w.r-e.is IdAbi`csmoobfted IP 1 .a4.






,esentd. America~n hopes for indefiniteness of 'the part's--ide- etice."' OnSbt.o~ther be .a-"bvous- --- ..V . iCtA?* .
lq11of a transition reiiime olg~lorientation whc ]eaves 4y ..ia~d.i ;a:b g. ;.. :tu -'" g'.:-A-4- -A. ;--
.'Iw .have gone down the it open to the influence oi-the r it hi tnin" po ,---e fl I ."' .... . .
n.-bu no doubtt-American Communists within its .ranks l .. :;, % ithian et, .h-.oe. '"&V
.. y ; st b n , i ., -,n : -. : :--..3.,_:., V II-_ .. ... .. . :,..!". ,.: .. '- : ':" 'l ."`-.%,







Fiaflo and the UCN cOD- who arem -dearly "iot'ms'i. eains.'Ad h... ay J et' Veits '' .e ,40 .JQ ABRT-H (h P
.. -.. I :-. !- .. ,. .. .......I : iii .- -.. .:.. -n .r ;
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.:. .. ,- ... It JONL,',E -...t.- .







N l-..- o tn Whether those ine t he .-stre ,-th'. an ..d Yt.1 it'hr e ..t- er-Th an .ryin.g"..b- lead -,i. ...?j -."" ... ":" -u .... .. "," ;
their-I"events.,.This could J. hi, -,liomeIof ..,







.. are wise only time can would_ be-a- istake-to pin a . .. ..... -'- '< *" .. ... -. -- .
-',: -. ..." Coi.ni. nist label-J.mn, 14th- the present situation-diret --to,- ...-...... -N -.: "_ ,. .
.- .. ...- . .. _,- , .< ....L ". ,,- .... ;....








t.-le nt apposition besid yet..hereae are ith it Part- eo the l -eft ;- .-k.,"" ..
6' 1 a ol .. : -" .. e I...-.... ........ -..:









rther are- to other prin- considerable strength .in the par- The thir part of! th.e :oppS" ; ..-:' ,~ -<.
--. .....'. .,:. K . . l's." "k l ,. "?.,., ,. ,ri", ."









L rtes the 14th of J-rie ty .organzation ai& thet que9- -siti. quite a.differen torgan ....CO.-..... .H IT,....-L,'I.."",....4,- .
,=ewent and the. Dominican. tion is whether they can .succeed izatiqi. Thisi -thaijonm~ican "*. .. ''- "-. t-, -,.$.2.
ilfionary Party..*. An.. dominating, the. ,pay .r and. e~s-. R pevolutionay a rtyr bp.ead.ed by "I ":" e "
,,ii o" pi.. .utt", %br










i. 14th of Juiie can be call- tablishing' it asia gi odi hi. -i the well kno wn leader -of the..op ';i-;"'> t-, ,.. e
i A ,: ... . ....;-Y"..."-.- .. ..










Ihe party. of the DuIninican though, nationalist and perhaps I.position n e.il, Dri.".a.. _osh ...." .........
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,$'at-B ala uer w uld b able..c -on slgans';ta">" fr m b,/ I '....-:'',. ,.-.... P .,," 'b e n j "e".". 'I "I"-. " IE.. F
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S na ecem HAIT PAGL 15











P. Q' ... ....... .... A A I
,.RE- ..," . R E PORT: .HOPPING CENTER.
N P.. G, x67%9, PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI B
SDo Xmas Shopping At















t 5 ABOUND THE WORLD IMPORTSDE
7M, O.' V.. 6. O. .EP .rawgic U ." .. I

GLL ... L MIRT H
I L YSNABD. BLAVO, iREOLON, VIGN




'T F BEN D ALT AN. ROYAL DOLTON. .
'Io":, 'o-T". " " A VET "BIS O









,'*, '. CO."_. '. ';D',I E ^ JJ(_|.|[ CREAM, Al F ENCH.-.
""A '' "' SANISH LIQX IEUS.
HANSEN' IAL ..,lRA,."
:-p.re. :: '-.A V,,." ROY L C, .. A GEN,










".e.! -j '-i FRA CE. .." HARD AMPA"A" .. .- 'DOUL* :

Q ., .E. B... .._

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alms







''HAITI


M. Bernard DIEDERTCH
Directeur HAIT-SUN Port au Prince
Jeremie 13-11-61.
f'on cher, directeur
' Cormme creole ppur journalists haltiens ce vomi chien qu' pas
Lab paraitre sou la feuille voila que ou trouve ou seul pere nnur-
fdipr pour oun langue que parents rejete. Ce poun ca m' v-Sec
lya ou dernier sonnet que m' ecri. .
r Lan nun lettre d'Espagne oun- correspondent apprendb m'rin que
certain etudiants venezuellen envie connin creole. Si Willy Lamo-
the ac Franck Fouche te interesse m'croue que n'ta' cab ec.! en-
.amble oun grammaire creole-espagnol.
Ce di que toute travails Martiniquals, Triridadiens etc execute-
'deja sou langue la ta cab servi n'-de base.
':"M' trouve que, vie pas vie, foe gain oun centre cultural creule
an Haiti.
Votre. .
EMILE ROUMER


: "TOMBEAU DE LILIA MILLET
1.^- ".
i.tPour saint que n'te oue vive ac charite, la fol,
4tnOus to senti vivant oun Eternel Presence, .
!un Ou lan-mer l'autre pays simule embruns. a l'anse
quand yo di n' quo jamais plus nous pas,p' tende oun
'voix.
&`;Nous pas t' la pour adieu et ni meme au revoi
'Min lan coeur n'attendri voici que sans:poignance.
...leve oun' tristesse mele ac parfum et souvenance
2 'la fin Lilia Millet, fee et shinte a la fois.
.aijnais plus? Ce pour I'autre moune pareil amertume.
l-Mmin qui main qu'ap tisser aube et surplis ecume
'(lan vent Nord cote Ian mer ap fumin ac embruns? .
': Malgre monde avili existence nap poursuive
i..:.mn lan coeur n' na garde com oun sachet parfum
t:.nn souvenir attendri pour saint que" n'te .oue vive.
E ile ROUMLER


[-POETS' CORNER -

NO RIVAL LIKE-THE PAST

, 'Ais thoee who eat a Luscious $ruit, sunbaked,
Full of sweet juice, with zest, until they find
it'l finished, and their appetite unslaked, -
-And so return and eat the pared-off rind;
e, who in Youth, set white and careless teeth
i the Ripe Fruits of Pleasure while they l2t,
t ter, creep back to gnaw the cast-off sheath,
A -And find there is no Rival like the East.
Lawrence' HOPE


EIRE AND ICE .

Some say the world will end in fire,
Some say in ice.
i From.what I've tasted of desire
I hold with those. whb favor-fie.
But if- ft -had to jierish twice.
I think I know enough of hate
To say that for destruction -ice .;
Is also great --
And would suffice. -
Sobert FROST

r. .-
... Monday Night

HOTEL B1 LELE

Shango Night Club ,
I, ti


.(Conti
human be
with its 1


SUN ''


.. .
Snakes Of" Hafti


nued from page 11) rural *population -pushes pi
I to cut the trees of-Cur fores
eings and to whip them settle more fields under ci


tail. The explanation is


this kind of snake usually lives
near its hole where' it breeds
its pets and it. thinks, perhaps,.
its babies are in danger with the
presence of human.
A small -snake, called "sand
snake" (couleuvre sable) can be
found in certain "'andy" areas
of the country; specially near'
the rivers.


Air these, varieties .of snakes
are in disappearance throughout
Haiti since the introduction of
"mangoustes" in the country.:
And also since the growth of
/ !


IP'AGE 16


atidri. "
ailed. .-. - .-.
.DAMBALIAB Dambala Ouedo, sn-k god
S;- and his wife Aida Ouedo4 rain-
Damballah is0'one of the gods bow and water- goddess/ seldom
of the Voodoo. Mythology,' consi-'come- under the peristfei and-
dered as a "bloid".-.His symbol when they are urgently'-'called
is a snake with his coiled- body for a -*eremony; they creep oti
around a stick. The Haitian peas- the ground, imitating asn much
ant ip afraid to kill any snake as possible the movements 'And".
that could be god in his animal the- cries of the snakis" that
appearance; the peasant prefers sometimes make the;-'..crowd-
to abandon his house for a short tremble. Dambala Ouedo and
period .rather than take the risk Aida Ouedo being a divine- cou-
to hurt Damballah, which could ple,- never go apart. Their sym-
cause all imaginable calamities bol,. in general, is. the .'.snake.-
to himself "and his -family. bambala is -identified .to St 'Mo-
During -a- voodoo -'ceremony,. ses.


Sa...
S *- .s
* .. k & .


yes.. you get.






b eansin eu




.A..F E .....

The all coffeeimftanit coffee wi
"Let's have another cup" taste.
It's no asecretAtht.t e-xtra coffee beans make
coffee extra good. 43 choice, deep-roasted
beans go into every flavorfl-cup of today -'
Nescafe. No other cofr&e.'.. no aitter how
it's made'... tastes so fresh, so friendly, so
completely satisfying In today's Nescaf6,
-he accent is on coffee!

Get iECFE todIayi
gn6


.Sunday, DecemberZItI jI 41

When a servant of this ,o..is
"possessed" by the La,. his. est
ures' a like the sfak At etoE
sids; he crawls on thegrfound.
SI n.'spitj.of his white s3bomplek-
eople ion, 40,taik ah has a great deal
ts to of fidels or, servants in tli* black
ultiv- country. .


I










* 41


#dir4 in ea and-steri thinI
', :...- ;i'madlatton-.- ste "" ....- m"

.. .a.. .. ..-.. ...
-thesm u eatmbn st

t i^Btenalizing d tanf roele a
th s._..a~_ rob1e


' So oe-ig~rapge testng -
V t ,rhe it be.ip c
, 6; ictl.ostor ...ats. -. "Canh mea


S; .tir ul ousted of


..W. beiw ti







_d ort, -l"f" ,i w... n




: ..C.-,
% A bu-* ;, "* ..-...-*." .'-." '- *



. ... .. .










-. :3-e'o--,.., -.. ;' .. -4 '':


STATEMENT BY PRESIDENT KENNED
ON DOMINICAN SITUATION -.
*.. " . 7 ;_ i : - ' ; ..- a


,tuonuqea from page 1): range cooperative programs .utn
Into an effective, soundly-'based der the Alliance for Progresis
Sdemocratic..i sy stem-. In this which' can be of direct bene
tWs struggle, they have the assur- to the Dominican People. I eI t
ans ance o&f our sympathetic and pect that. this mission will. iiI
t. jangible- support. I understand rive in the Dominican Repub4.
m* that the Organization of Ameiic- late this month or very. "rIy
,an States is now considering the' in January. -.
Sifhing\of sanctions imposed up-
on- the Dominican, Republce by "I understand that Mr Fei
les collective action. in August 1960 Herrera, President .of the Int
.nid January 1961.. If .the Coun-- Ameridan Development Bank
bil otf the OAS takes such .actl6n will head a high-level missj&io
S-and our representatives are to the Dominican Republic ,
o supporting that step- we will the near future to begin discuaZ;
t resume Diplomatic relations with sions a-d inquire .into, ecpionm.
the Dominican Republic pronipt- and social development projects.
by ly. When this takes place ..the "These actions are intended':-'.
". Depa ment of -Agriculture will to assist the Dominican govern-
au& .,iie .- "rtases imdeg., .the ment and people in developingg:
-Daiumcan. aljocatlon 0. non- a sound economic and social
uWLot.siigar for the first. six structure,. which is indispensable,;'
ints of 19 2. .' to an enduring democratic ponl- .
--. 5 .' - "t'" "' Cal system. : :
In. ~ adii I propMose .
ser i A on the. installation .of'a "The Dominican people anhd.:
'Cominc. of State, a United States their leaders confront a great
Economic Assistance .e mission, and seldom-given opportunity: .
headed by Amb ssado Moscoso the'construction of a democratic
of AID and including Dep As- society on the ruins of a tyrari-
sistant secretary of State Milton ny. It is a noble task, but it .Is'
'Barall to visit the Dbinacan not an easy One. We wis thetm..
tpubl.t .Its-purbse wiff 'be to well, and we assure them of ur "
explore emergency 'requirements desire to assist them in their
:and':'BLpossibilities for longer- efforts." .'





Come and Enjoy
THE SUN,
THE SEA,
S ". -- THE SALT SPRAY-I
S . At The

M, SA NDS


'hum ) from town);' L 4
o m-o; '. eo ,in Portau Prince... 1




,..'-' .s ,- ) '"



o:-. ^'Wl.- a: 'C
A sA










u........... ,.
MN O 'P'". ,..-....
VIIICOS ~ & vpnM

~ ti:z-


* 1







"' HAITI SUN''


at on tr.om "BN MI


O- f ri
pulture Inspeat4


I-


.- *'{ ni f ii f o '& w |",- L".V i ;! np-.- n .- v . .:
'h Artibonite. Valley VegatallieFarn i -

iter of Agriculture, are interested- inthe truls of Administrator,% the Agroziomiist ,
A tur e Roger L.
ar d T i'ade Ctrip -ar to te '. Roger M. Cantave, the Technical
.I* ' nyqvegetables The Visit Director, Mr Charies B. Wiggin
undrtakeb OD- ; The' foUowing personalities ac- and ODVA Chief Advisor, the
ea onk -;.pf r oibn-'cmpanied. Mnistr Thear d: 'Agronomhist Leonard D. Otto, ai "
,SceCuba &.s no longer' Agrononists Richard Lee. Win- delegate froth ICA. '.
ornieState, ou tprs Chief of USOM Agriiltur- -Fird of- all, thl 'Secretary of
'ha itse 1 ake great al. Division;, Polynice- Dorsainvl, Stte-. was escorted to -pitrttions
S age s s whi Chiet ot the.-Agnltural Divi- named Moreau des Isles and Bois -
ed veta&es an sia n ori. oHADO,. .andMrJean Blanc. (former Fatbi. No. ., of *' .
il..!.-1see.s. -Gury at' the. Dniens Audido-Vi-. .he S t an d Frui) where
efmg futu ..e sa Service. At 1Borel(they.were gg plantW of'the "Florida Mv-kar-
p eco -ODyA. reF et", yid are grown on 30 a.,es
m--ofInd and cuimb f.the
A &aesn ley 'ulfi '"ted o o.
o6:aes. A"' P teie if the vi-"
cty i "of jP~ob t Soda c Cres


-ei.ctz%
id^


*'* *. "- '- "- "". ; .. '- '. " -i"1-- "^.^ ': ^ }*. . '

/ 1-1r'o~i
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'- = .":L "'"-':" -, .':; '' . _5 t-.=: : 'i .
~~-k.,,:,


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'Lu!; ii
'._ -.;
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Al?
An^


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qp,. ,', &-. B
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S-A . -. .. :.- :,.. ,,:', ,,." ',.;'.. 'C- d ; "'


:T2j.-.A ~pJECJ.
.~


7al."







Sunday, December 24th;


Sailor' "Mermaid" N
Her. Appetite, I

(Continued from page 6)
mammals must not be turned on
their. backs lest they suffocate
from the weight of a stomach-
full ,of weeds on their, dorsally
situated 'lungs. Nor can they be
held under .water .,too .ong lest
hey drown. Transportation is
.cult mid' expensive.
jttle is known regarding their
reading and rearing in -confined
areas. :Manatees are reported' to
have only one offspring at a
time,, aidd the young are slow .to
reafA maturity. It might take a
,erylVong time to biuld up a
population of manatees large
enough to be .effective.
And a major consideration in
g to establish them in areas
where they cannot, be given comn-
ple.e protection by authorities,
is that the manatee is. good to
7eati"prized -or "food, and. being
0sl0W. .d" be killed. by

I smn upn whether to
Ianaatee or nbot. to manatee,. the
-FA4 note says:
'In. the. state '.of our$ present
Ukntledge -it. appears that man--
sates may be quite useful for
4aqqatc weed. control in certain
orfned areas of British Guia-
, nar e.g., some dordestic water
JsuOiy reservoirs and some can-
reserv.o i


9,61 -


I''HA- ITI


qow Considered For
Not Her Form


als and drainage systems. Whe-
ther or not they would be equally
effective in other areas of the
world--especially areas to which
they are not Indigenous-, or in
very large or "open" water sys-
tems with rapidly growing plant
pdpulations is upknown...
"The amount of economic 'be-
nefit (to fisheries, irrigation,
transport, etc.) must certainly be
weighed against the costs of cap-
ture, transportation and establ-
ishment in a new area. Further-
*more, it must be clearly recog-
nized that the introduction of any
exotic species, bho*ever innocu-
ous it may appear, sometimes
creates problems far greater,
than those which it attempts to
solve or which were contempla-
ted originally."
Meanwhile, if one has a man-
atee under 'observation, the Bio-
logy Branch wvil welcome re-
,ceiRt of supplementk.l data.


FOR SALE' -
I OPEL Camlonette 1958
Sealed bids will. I received
in the Offices 6f TEXACO until
4:30 P.M. Decexbher 27th.
. The vehicle my be &%a at
Mices-of TEXACO, Rue Bonne
E.ol. ". ,
The Company TEXACO reser-
.ves the right to refuse accept-
ance of any and all bids..


1I .PETIOiNLE IT'S





f 1tU00fee altitude ye only minutes s
from the heart cf P(oRT-Au-PfiNdE .

:The most exquisite as?ieWs.oer1ookinS 1i4ity
-.a bay, the plains, e mountain .

*" Deeidious dontinental dusine and superb


k: iPeirsonalibed attention to eQery guest. V

SSvwimming Pool wiTh Lundheon Lounge
and Bar PonoramnpTerode .
Air-donJilloned de-luxe .rooms .


S VEEKLy ENTERTAINMENT PROCiRAM
TUESDAjg :Infomial 'le. 3of el ,.Dandmns,from
7:3o PM tol'midnil- '
S meringue inm rud on and contest
S atl 9:3o dosual dress.No odmis",on ee
,V iEIm Aj: C'emplimentacvy g-together afdi bol i
"-'" Poartj firom 7pm to 8pm. -
FRI A)y : ala Dinner-Donde frtom ?:3oP.m to
1:3o a.m. 6uperSboSo of Io:so
Jio adm'ission fee .
I LL OTHER AJI4HTS: Ccktoil hour from 7 to 9 il
S.._ 4 nie dombo .


SUN''


PAGEMA
*----y


Distinguished Adventist Leaders In


During the week of December
14-21 'two well known cletfgymen
from superior organization of the
Seventh-day Adventist Chur=h
were visiting Haitik \
Pastor M. V. Campbel, vice-
president of the General Confer-
ence- of Seventh-day Adventists
pomes to us from headquarters
Ot the world organization, which
has offices .,in Washington, D.C.
He has occupied many positions
of responsibility both in the Uni-
ted States.\ and Canada. Before
being appointed to his resentnt
position he was president of the
Southern European Division,
which includes the French-speak-
iug countries of Northern Africa.
The second visitor is Pistor.
David H. Baasch, secretary of
the Inter-American Division. This
office represents the territories
of both the Greater and the less-
er Antilles, Mexico, Central Am-
erican, Colombia, 'Venezuela; and
the three GOianas. Previously
Pastor Baasch was ini -chirge. of
the youth activities of this ter-
ritory. Prior to his present ap-
pointment he was head of the
Adventist organization in Mie2d-
co.
' Our guests took part in various
activities during ,their stay in


.-STEPHEN BROS
M. V. HAI MERCHANT
PERSONALLY SUPERVISED
LOADING AND UNLOADING.
SERVE HAITI AND FLORIDA.

forthigh y ailings of -
Miaml-,Port as Prinae-Miami
MIAMI ADDRESS:
STelephone: Highland 51767
S rrankUn 0-728,


Port an Prince. On Saturday Uon. Pastor Eugene eri
morning December 16, religious president of the French West- it
services for the Adventists who dies Mission with offices in FborI
live in the capital were held in de-France, Martinique, with I'h
the Rex Theater. The main Eric Toussaint, his sqcrtaryj'
speaker was Pastor M. V. Camp- We were. happy to extend a cri
bell. dial welcome to these guests ad-1
" Two additional visitors were wished them a very pleasi4'!
with us for the annual committee stay in our country. -'
meeting of the Franco-Haitian S. F. M;

< YOUR HOME AWAY FROM HOME i

Sa lairier


. BU N GALOW S... ;.

FRANCK ED. 'ROY, Manaer '.-

I li the delightful "SOUS-B1OISo n!of-
S comfort and privacy o your own
S with tie best type f Hotel Aenraf t
BARJESTAURANT, SIYMG OO
A A, CTI BF JL'IA'-.A
". "ATT.-CTIVE R 4 ^.'


On
4-i(


- - .- -. w .' ... ..,wr.'r ,w: .4




G A M B-I. I J N. G .. '*- :.::'
OPEN NIGHTLY
O GAMBRL.ING-
: DA- N .I-.NG. TO

JOE- TkOUILLO-'S


MIDNIGHT .,HOj .' -"

Enfranae Charge $1.0 '-"A
SATURDAY, SUNDAY AND HOLIDAYS
S. *.* l '- "


I., N... ;.
- a a ~arS.. a a a a a a a. -.


R A '-.- 1 "--L '.: _. ..
a A -C. .



FARE FOR HA TI
Orie, las' -

4. NEW; YORK iRT-AU-PRINCE (DEPART
EVERY FRIDAY):

,CARGO SHIPS (12 PASSENGERS) $135 -ALL YEAR

COMBO-SHIPS (52 PASSENGERS) FROM $155 ,

*PORT AU PRINCE NEW YORK (DfPART VERY SUNbAY)

LUXURY' SHIPS: SANTA ROSA SANTA PAULA -
300 PASSENGERS FARE FROM $195.00,

'FOR INFORMATION .



SJosephNadal & Co?
S0. .. la.w-.
A .7. .IJU 6,
.0116 sl


I


-I-


.mt -.1


* ...'="


'.*....." ....:-.
.;^ "-lo. :







20. .I H A ITI S U N Sunday, cnherItOU101.

TTER TO EDITOR (Cot'd) ) No imported reptle -has .a.
S, E ever escaped 'from its hous-
-,',. ':'.. --- .. ing or made any effort to do _______l-'. ___ ."' V '_'_.*-.
so;- Iuwe0011znt4
ed trom page 5) borhood, who 'knows, perhaps 3) In all honesty I .would like
-. from the Mangones property it- to say a word for the cust-
ag o the Pet Larods self, and 'when we mentioned, oms. Each hipment. has
pent is a rptile sans that some 'were missing, we also been accompanied iy' offl-
Lbrs,.. dea at par rep- assured .the thatt they .wdou cial documents und has i"a
There are more ",than appear sooner or latter, perhaps' been subjected to complete '-
otovn species, andd'Iqng to be resold to us. Within an apid thorough investigation -IR CAR TRVEL
i .ich we haye had hour they were again with us. before deHvery? Usually to . '
g'L c te 1 ti"ndse', fig, ., ... .us in company with Dr Ray-
Sp.a .l yho4a ;re. non-vene- After this explanation, of lang-. 'mond, our-vetqrinarian, '
nh addition tthis,. the uage uisge Ifeel that I. should,, 4) tpalizing :that the effort
'i a.wu h e a h, rather than titerpret the lengthy, for a zoological garden .e-
iqapable o.t -suffocafing sometimes' ,ulogistic letter of-.. tremely difficult for-private .
,.), tirinfjg shy ,nn"-.g t Mr Maqos -as. a denundig ,pdvidluals, -we Jhave, from ,- .
& pl'6O sm4 efforts -, Time to time asked advice -
-pip. tg e .plana.i f" .rom members of the Gov- A. -.. ., '
Lecier. Nowo, to von- Use of the .word 'serpent' was .ernment farm, and receive. '
tpenanatis "evdently -misleadng, and -apologize' fo hbei. helpal, consideration -'
La e f tr discomfort which I -might and interest; even .modeling '. -
fet, i t e:causedd ife ifroprietor of ome of our- eges _- after.
i ept ae" e property adjoining ours. theirs-
aae;' den algo-:p : led- MWm recalling May ',- ii-n closing offer y '
r', g i.,y lind, I, ajct thataifter this -date thanks. your joupal orpub-,. '
psigti'gn- .we were again ,able to offer our lishing lull- eports.. on this a- t af
b^^':hb i>fr2' hiospitalityb an.d MIme Man- fair with no bias I,.regret- the i
s. n .Ot6 gones' ir est th no hysteria. which.. has-been caused ''' '"
." compel ",I -',or., '"n-ent' d4nges.' My ar.png that ,part of the popila, -'.l
sgones t f id confusions profid. binwhic-h.as, tlaken,'these star-
.....ts 3 -- i. ies o heart,.and .cad -only bope
"4a2L4.14a. aj na.u41'U SOwT L that the fll. report ,from Da-
la tiTfien -viI* W gaflirm whit T .iave.
latere. ; :: "hen r'e S already. state5; ai sgte a g
to1re rern el today. -
00 -d -7 "m. .
^ ^ l 5i4Zc~wre tner pionousf or dangetr Y -ors.SAierey,,- '










,,.,' '. X .. ; '... .r -^.*^.s_ ... .i3
-.v." -v ._., .-., ; -,
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1 .1 3


*1
S. .
-W flri Eitld ood66 tb i1T sure hope so. -I 'saw,. a' little
I ne. those Colgate. bicycles He dove tip.
at ps into .the receiver.'-I you ever
t1 PituIC I company is making here at Choueoune
ee ..they gave red toPAA .for helping with the lighting. John
n stati.. wagon: up close and.'turn
Sfle Field was win townllast .weekend
-wants put'ofi the resturanta bizz:'in
ip thi .g.8. Monday, accompaying
SKop Ir', ,back gt work after a bout
tf *IM d de4twIbtir is 'back h her" feet too' after a feiw'
unds with the samee liug .. lilke the 'lTwist, everybody's doing it.
KurIih--ha&- 'the' businesss' is ilosy blues'. So- have a' lot of
pple. -1hosen swkir "
ther -l.'he sweaters ei'y Alien's plant i turning ,out
ere popular hr gift, .items. -The, Ireraons a(Hampco).
rere s i.o las'ee.:waiti'gf to hear if they were going
s. mnd llolynice. hpd a ':to-6so-happy
.tg^tjlj Wthera. erehanpn -rSorids Jikh ;the AGeorge:


"t- ".-'-o ] t;-t.he, Tropigas.'tank went
^ ot oig re -r. night Wh'11 y can' thesy be
1t Jg -!io.az.beor.wa^ind W.Coies
ntleie's li .ea,4;onqye~tcallgd' yaa
,.odl.t. ae forward with asome e lana-
.- > T t .ti'ix,", ioun? ,-Why d se,,.in, shd. l
& *. ohl;.. Iie:,fd.& 4gk -t i':, im.t;'i.Sepiotbn
-" .-' 'i4 1 t .' ...' a 1' ..j .'



li qiI 4,.t..e tpnep kiixtBoat;..,-;..Bob% Lee
.. .-ffeient .I ,, pt"New 'ear's,
^^^^^^^^;D'whis.'''Sab UaGabway'r btii4N~n4la, &islted;








b an ;' i,, .- yhow^,.-i. e. ete
c.ti d. Cig: ........ 'oi. ..&W n" ic t' For

e. .M k'-iiotsAtind wB f -'* g







b^o r ; Qtie.dh e r ,the hhooidayse too.
.'
9~~o~RC-gP.kI [,'bh T".."a...





^fi ji~'iwent nth MVlL^attyt"b
-t~ral~eb wiiart' whbdiikw~~lsA*v&Vobrht^
i t i W k '.t'h..e tin line opfFrenh n d Ge fip

siz ..4 .....l' d P' .,ni k'

S*fs lus colors [at P.OO'lauhn
A i^thtfrboth~fcd 'destses ,and1 sportswear. (That shop is
4^'|^'ea. nto s a 'yWu kl 'the stock*
cfj.' ;---saain
erg a.% ;" 11 ""'tha Thai '






f e 4 "e i top frtlfre'orrii~fn.i..sesisatl'e
oiles, qr4dow nito1lhie Ka~ju'A fiancee is hbme from Puerto
i iuijd dfa, he'sabe n1t "fromt 'eai'tb' ear. WBicl'i
iezIndi'me,rheM#asiusingl onek'st tha&knsisfor radio* .wifth e&r-
tone the other day Rhdaeveonea who saw him thought it was
tieaaimd.The New York Tim ofDec.3rd carried a travel
|lglfe -,3a#Mt')ilJfexetit.,and'Delightful Haiti"- with Leclerc" given
sjcific mention. By the way, -there's a Reveillon at Habitation
lerc is a feast and champagne cocktails as
ai as Thd~iN'&xertazpnien ti.png from '9 and 'dinner at 10-
n 6 dnet4'et.,tonti l long and Merry Chris m s. I
a.e "astm .inu s..opp g .to do. .
S,. t"' : J' "


., "., oWt 4Ut aohttatonf Licterc
"'TAHITIA LUAU"
'' ": '' D c ber 24,, 196 .
:...,',. ." i-^. tau".,..,.
,.' ,' Champagne Cocktail
..' .. ':D, T a'BF OM 9 o'clock
!.!> .t.;-:, .'n,.; AT. TEN ,,

^ fel*.7ie*:^ perperson. / .
'[ ;,' -,)" : t .; '. : -
.,, ." . .' . k .'+ .. g 1 . +, .


An important quantity of drugs
were presented to Public Health
ieptrtmnent by Slister Margaret
Joan, Director of the Foundation
:for Crippled Children.
.. ,* .' X xX X,
Bill Serment who,.keeps Pan-
Airplanes running.. sd consisten$-
ly, blas been-feeling off'his oatd
lately and is in' Miami 'for a
physical dheck-uip. '' '
,, ', ... x x x ; '-
AR] 5A. INC. which manu
factures high-elass,, but 'high-
,.sla.s,, d.i e s '; apd. children's
shoes for United States 'markets,
,'repe6irty had its a inual meeflhg
i r, Atin. Lseohard Taishier, LwhO
lis dxie.'sd 'much for-thec'ibm-
merce oi Haiti, is' pIreslideit,.oo
the 'company which operates'-na-
,zubeturing plavp, jp both sop'


much of "$vhicho 'comes to HaiW'9
4fl' payrols' circulating then
throughout: :Pdrt 'an Prince 'cord-
xnetc,, 41vays; generating taxes
for te Governient.''Ju le, pii-
oa'n.'t n iheii, most' effective
managerss her,' or any place, 'is
'in gi6k' ofdfHaitia4 operations
company. ; -.






2 2
and'e over. fimlml 6ion teidolerS,,

SAteripcan Ladie s ^
V Ad .oJe .'*o*e to .
dif b d i fthen> i i abie '.
isf~clngc :r;royal;:pupils; Tbey
studied p.* po.esito ad, .drawing; and -'the
eltou *werfetly eat ed" with




dti ,Iur1 ..W- ' *WAL
them were ':from between st eve
and% 1t ul fie tn' the t he







in.g;weus tnlloii^te arr .iage wich
thea ftert' o rflme, princesseo'
dIfereolxuc ita' themrie dalities't
a .ioe s, thost guans.,, ,, ven
Yet; -the progress a both wase
considerable Te and' the queen,
ai&'efJtdbeie, a Mng',d. '".
Tet ^perfecitly satisfied 'with'obur,
.nd "vour a .n -'e*. .A ir,, 9 .. ,
"'We occsionfilem dined riethr ant
queen; o' pur. p"uils also som'-
imes stopped after ,the' jhour d
Sinstrucion r conversation" qrie'
w', 'acc mnp.me& theind 'to'u the
gade... but we fltin" 'a '"gent
measute,' excluded from society.
..o ]f,,we use,.the carriage which
'as. at our service, u we could
ride'* only to a prescribed dist-
ance; and we were perpetually
inoyed by' the guad, i we ven-
tired on a 'ramble, inquiring
who we were, and whether we
were going. The eoiqi.ette of the
court was intolerably irksome...'
We haid come from America
and the confinement, restraint,
and ceremony, we'bad been quite
unaccustomed' t, and could not
suffer... 'We determined tat length
to resign *.our charge,, and to
quit the ,place. But though'eour
stay. was shorter than we orig-
inally intended, we can never "re-
collecb our' residence in Hay.i
but with feelings of deep and
lasting interest. : s
(Re.Jutted from Sketches ,of
Hayti; from the expulsion of
.wther French to the Death of
.^cmt asino^ ^aly irksme..


"A


,iThe; Movadlo sepp ire rystl ft ," a
Its' hadness's sur'pasaie't5': geld lfgureial dt
, only by that'of the diamond. ..' i
You will cherish you'.t : <
Movadp which dffer you' -. '
- precision thrice triumphant r. -
In three Yearsath'p..o.fficlaols .". lnitin ral e amo 'e
Swiss.Ob-etatoir'a .at "' *" 'm'it ga 4-td',.
Neuchttel). gold Igure dI.it
" A : .


"
k * .*
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. * -


MOVA


i :


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.'4r' : i
, . .. . P ,-..-^
*- + ... '* .. --.. -^ : :,*** *- *

In. the line. of Military Assist- On their departure, Capti
ance Progr~m', '.the following, B. Crist of US Naval MIs
members of 'Armed Forces of was 'preeif at lihe Biwen*
"aiti flew .p the' ,SA on.1 Mn- hiey '"iuts. ye mon .
,day Decinber, 18th: Corpdail .Sai Dii X.:i ndleton1-e 4
Jean J~aque* Eiilho n ih..
enlisted 'men F. 'Stanus,. ii gie'
Gilles,. "a '. l 3rmont.J. F. shooting.,and 4.l ld ba p ;
'Jeanty,'M: Mptelus, R. Desilus All the expenses are .te
and M. R. ylvain. .. ge f US. poe: ,m.-. .


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.V
'* .. . ': "t "". * ^ .7 -.-" . [ ".- "* - .;.!- *** .: a













1 A,
taMvina Wllmm
K *HAmfAN. ^NSTIWPJE 'OF" fANCft '
i : i. 1 *' ii . *" ''' <' :'. .".*^ -',. ..,^* i* **" '* ,..-^ .

Akiunduelf Spevdia1 Oou^ bekiniil4'Sa A4f
**.-*."the '.,;.'2 new daiweqraz: Li 'A^
r*'" .. '., *,*, .,.,..,:',.!- .,.. '*,..
"- '" " ... W S "" J' -" '" *'* i ^' "' "'/ .' " ?",7'



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A, #4;, ., .


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.i "" *1 ;^ :. .. ". ": '" *,' *
f ' *; .-** '.. '. .." -. ; ,'' i *' .'^ J *'. ; .;' :* :!. 1' ^ !





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: :.,;;* ^ .- .+ ', .." '< ..'.- *^ '."" +:" '" "" .






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M t!Pfl#4fapoe wo C hie% 44'__14
6"f-di.ion'.He- had'11tV- '." '.. :' .'so-b. .m-. -.... .

AN: P "MiOgest" .oi ofi" '" ' V& '"" "
4 -. 4
IT ......i. : T ... . . . , ., . . .-, . . .
*1,nxr q ''-~fbil



e '.n "el -."
54 T WT1'

.oPde -MdiztVV l' bk" d 'so b: .", .." . t"*",e.
l~i~gst "ois ccl~b" -;l ; 0 "J .. .. ... .


4" ; before',.,
AL tL F..






















V_!J-4;A2 -Pine. .008"OA',.
i. h' ~ trnA&rda the 4pappi~' ri~& ,d e,,1ib. ne -:e sksir4 ,,4;
AoA~ asethd fsTut1sf yedne&c





























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n "-WITkkr41'4~ I id








OW.4,
~~1.,~ cu4'eS- ~ pt
a~n~i' I~ (jL2~tZh~sVt ~;~ S'~ trI:~N4RUM_; VI"





,and hi
yer '
i :Ne,
Sarriver .

e sorb -t
tii
.' 'b
k iher- -


hoApenU t:.
MY&dn~jg _


M,: ." -.-yr .'. -,,'.+_'." ,' ,. *," .- ,_. .. aI ... -
. aot,an eonomist from- Canada, .;Ala Samu.ls, a Insur
pic&:.. Brker.frdm E-ar-Rocklay L.-.. ar~ r e Barb -rried
Sii oveibBrt.,25 ar d Tur incot y w, th ChtmintHer-.
et"s eii a.adwile Arid.'e on.;August, 14, they, are. a dn
"guests Tf.. ..rf ..&dl: Egineer -Jacob Wegweis'r o
.ife.-jasytew.uhe.trsdayClarice !Middlemrrk is res-

c,' ,tbt..e ,sian .'.ld..Adfis tioni w as wVseing .wife ,
" d'fal6.Nn.* Jpseph.apL e 'Peter Presl. The trese'!
^ ieaEthe airport 'b'iorlin' w ke i e .
-a.eiPtrven-i. he .d tyi tb t'efludg.officeith .
SMa el, a meni br,.of .he. Natro0al','Associafion. fr:.the(
,. ,adv eet llobured .people (NAAP) is ,the .resident.ipf.. !
4i tUrbai; Legue, .a, snilar- orgatiztion of Rhode Island jose s
-''Mexat d -Ptessel,"'their son,'s< a-iot a.Uniyrst
'Ai.ll". sta, his .Seniqor year-T., a year.. Spe "oing Jour languages'
E, ngish,'t nch, German-'anddRussian,' Joe .will, Agz rate in nt,.
tal :relations: Peter PreSl .is, an lrigineer. .,This harmin'g
. ;:-.Mr.- v.i edeelr his vile .Rftslyn, son Brad 9 arid dauter'Gina
,- .6ad .brothBarry..1'arrived, this Week for a tw week vacation.
-'ciUdir.. the Haitia' Sun' because ,they. like .to .be warm mi ,Dnpcembeig.
,., Mrvav4Tledel 'is the Director Fotmder of the -Fiedel, Scbbol b
."Csa.,,.e in Bayville, L.I., New- York which teaches,.all arts.
rs.oRslyn Fiedl .assists;. her., ,husband in the directing df this-
Sschool. Mr Fiedel wap. a teacheifat .the Teacher College "of Col-
"-"'libia UniVersity.. A composer,' he composes. for dancing, group




" 4
,.i N M." "

MWII.M ..BER :3 AT 8:00 P.M.

'SPECIAL CHRISTMAS DINER k
AND -T1,IOOR SHOW AND DANCE
DECM 'i 31'A'-8:00 P. -.,

MIDNIGHT SUPPER
.. "PETIT 'REVEILLON"P :
SHOW AND DANME
To the lusi of Me "$niti's best Bands.
-"M t .ou ..RVIti.i C. de La Fuente, Manager.
air..


** .- : *<


' IUPER-RIB . ;'' ** ,''

SSpecielement cohtgu pour-doW. r uneiAduiiteJ
aisee .. pour une meilleui.egfaeult4'i ,
station, pour moins d'usutre .. '.allez voir -le
Super-Rib de Goodyear. Et, tousles superbes
pneus tracteurs Goodyear sont-construits Ai
-entoilage 3T "Triple Tempered", une'.extlu-
sivitd de Goodyear!


IL Y A D.ES PIJEUS GOODYtAR POUR CHAQ-UE RO.UE DE LA="


iundziy;.-December 24thi I1Gl H A I T 'S U N 'M
., .,.-,. .. .:

N I 'I"' THIS WEEK i sucAs the mode'r Baliet gro 'p here t:ie gambling room of the week, Mrs. Shirlby -IK
":" : .., yp Nicho4li in,New, .York.' .Casino.. is, very 'exhting. every. iden of fhe Kqbeon
Tribune..d ,was .put the .Con ess nal Record t. e has an At' Gallery in the night. Matt is 'thb most person- .rctorsof t b
,Trbune.apd was put i the Conessional'Rcrd t I chy, ilviB Haitin able Americin I eer' aimet, asaid Yaork an'dm ni
Senator Dennis Chavez from New Mexico. This newsrtan is on painters to exhibit their works a prominent Haitian busiqess- daugHter P a.tbiiatJ
ti* _. 'es-.he 1tt '"gst.. pai there. man. It is fun for everybody to 'her. assistant
mrhis 1is. t eastu vea Press i, The' Fiedels are guests at the watch him play craps and he is Managing Diredtor ot
Oloffso. . .. a God send": for .,everyldy Company and his 'w
M:an,"--i- !t-i" i1. e ad of joie "**MJr Matthew Hess Shulman, .around him bfut 'the Casinp .itself. and:19-yeair-old: .on
" .i.. b. G.ie und; his the Idmous Plastius Tycoon and Matt l as.an 'Ouanga: (a.Vo .4 yearn. 9d daugt..
G.-. . d his distiriguished wife Pearl doo Doll' Ti-Mamman -who gwive their tw lovely dau.i
-t 1,6'. .t .' tf.i W A"x.8 Shi9rley keep meeting the menibers of amn luck). ,'i Maiman a ma; 17 arid Teresa :13-ah af
t tb 's:h ; ie .".vnpm Pat- their party at the airport. Matt hogany statue wgho graced the red eime r
.j.&...",,'ii'ley and and Pearl arrived Thursday last El, Rancho's .Bar is honored Trigonometr .'aft'te'
l.:'. before and are giving. ,headache to ,Co- Eyeryday with white flowers -- Musi ari Arts..i.
S waIn '.ke Ebin4i n South radio Salimbene,. President of the she is.a LVrgin arid:. wear ,bpau- Mrs Sarah Wean
s-as. hai.: smate dliyton .Casino, since then. Matts hobby t l gold" ernnrgs.. .- Mr Jrome "Wean, $ei
^ '.VAc ttit, of is gambling. With the -president Matt ~aid, Pearl dnd their sha-' duction.. for.'Stix Pr o
1 eje'ever, of the 'tix Products, Ihterna- do6w GuiteS van. (Speedy) Saiv- his wife
,are d b rteen the tionl *Manufacturers of plastics villier ,greeted with flowersthis .. i (Cmtined on


dancer. '
iand' his .
'A" .
in .. iruit 4W ~ 'dni :" .__":: : '"'_,"'. ___.-.a a.. ,, : '"; ,..:..a..,..r .


g^








Voyag par..
.... A -RRPRANCI .

SBEDG ET, CARAVEFE.... a ... s':
SmO .... .us. ....a u 4K PLWSGRAND @5K U '".OD.


~Miss Gl e Petit'
tWyil Become
il Louisi Appollon
Satu'day Decemnber 4 th,.
hiring Miss! 'Gisele' Petit.
t-.'. f our busiiess-miapag-
a:d Muf Marc. :Petiti will; ex-
wit Mr,. Louis: Ap-
So M.. f a.id Zs eur

mphip a ceremony will take
Sacre-Ceu de* Twgeau
I h'..:P.5: , ".
ISUN presenfsrJl .oest
the
est~~, ie future ou-
d 6pxt1ds its eepest -cph
on~,to their pibud ,-.p


... T O EP ..


FOR SALE

Vori, sale acres beautiful land located in Northern par of.
HaIiti between Cap laitien and the famous 'CITADELLE" owner
rcs.iding permanentlyv i.i-L-.A desires to'sell to someone interested
'Ii building beautiful reoi-f or interested in farming. Full. rlce
$15.000.00 or best offer Ipr -further niformafion contact Mrs Marie
BELIARD, $ue. Faubert P.) 5 Petionville, Haiti".


ar bt.eginnifg to ,unAdein'une the Dr" Mitciell Silbert a pr in-
Linei reputation 'whiph .Haitian ent optician from Long hIland''"
artf. idhrto. e3joed tbrobad no- and, his lovely pretty wife hi-
thng .'Co.id be ,:more 'ef1etive ley .are currentt guests ieore.
as ,a counteractgi that :. have Ch lie; '-is .their ..happy.- 'Guide .
the international] spotlight f'ocu- Charming' Mrs De 'rah Sn de r
ed. on aflfaitian artist if the a Psychologist.fronPhilade.phia
'quiet integrity and geniii a- i.s spending the .holidays with
jtic Jeeling: QJasin oseph. ir friend Ms ius To ' .
1 '^ :4.. -.*.
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.N..o.-.t-'- ..'t". e.:b- .t'e'r. :a C... .{'2 .4<, i:,.T:
.aj.n r bbwn d .'t .. .. -.n&-.fl.
: .ost Pof tS < '


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tad ce.--. ,j'. n.jFt iV:1-"-',".xb....-,,.r ': .
..owr. ut th.a.. .. .. .ss ... . ... 2$t. ::. ..- -: and b"-
thes6N A ier tr nNe

itanob A ep 4'6ePW a ,'ecSzW ,ber ~~j~

MT 4%i&tat!4 WieF. qgin lbegs&


.- .-t...hr.u, _.b r w ee. h-.,,.,.4 t,..a.::
4. %.. % P f i .' ,"& ::: '-'.. : "'c.i :,. H", 4%y',& at.t.'VI',
.. !. *t r -. *. -"
iAet soo g ov6 t ssb the ver


"_b.J-n-Jacqp 4i.D es ..sab 1.ties ,".::,._,.. .57... ...-.a .. .a t
. .. .. "..,_- ?-u i m '.
,, -.B nq - L ..".-i.ti'or ... -s...
ti DjA


O-MAN
iPUYo.~CAON ThWbrh








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' T "'i "~ ...I "' ";

:.':By'A l EI E JOLICOEUR..: '
u efdick, di foremost dBro aday
B rwill a nrryQecen er. a wi
f OPB.Pa'in cltfdg. the:grearan


k has ad as ,
ar"a.. k,. iba T a" .E ji h





.- A*.69.1


* '0.


2"-. ,-.. .


L Statement "
Bt President t
John F. Ke1nedy

.Pertanings To T heilk

.'-- Lommuican epu lic
e

-note of .the mot' .en.ourtgictg

,n ..l.c.'n..ie, i juo^ '- pb-




,iiieiembebe j!T17ta'ndd has now.
ith^ p-rnapar
iemenfis o6 edemocnbe A o

i n M n 4p reess -
nstratpgn ,of 1I sttesnlph hQ

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a i u tan vidich aHIs de ,cobmplete '(apid. calculation d ed. .
bs, leans, p ts from its er; other tasks that a calculator per- When thi n rachiie *'commits
re arid -nts how t, f e- foriifs. It does not work logic- an error, the instructor presses
WIve problems s ~sca.ia g '*an, ally as'"do the, alculators, .but a button, which constitutes. a
s .jut yopdpd 'by the 'Istep-by?-step" with some fdrin- punishment by fording' the mach-'
ayth the'nited ula prepared by ,technicic s. 'ine td reconsider het method
t ., :- ." .. and .to readjust her memory.
ke. man the "Cy rtron .. The '..Cybertr n. 'attacks in- The lristluctor ohly has to .tell.
it is- called--learns by trial .solbier 'pl lemp..Jt epoys her' she has committed an er-
Sideisor.-Iestahll" z:yrapby ortri solbethodppl .atta. k, fuzq yis he o. When the machine teplys
between .new'asituatjps i; db ., s t h corrtc'ly to a problem .st e tJ H
ndexp rr itl, d byvpezfectt apqavr h *Wa. s ccey l suo e Ikes rre lrded .and is permitted to.
tinualy. .' all t'an who ar by ne the o umte
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SKhristophe's

,Among .,the daycasians who royal, apo- the princesses appear ment, here we arok
c me to Christophe's court were ed, dressed. most bhapdpom elegant ,deje -,
t ladies. from-. Philasqlphia.. and with a degree .o. eeleance Sth the : kin'siip.e
They were to, have charge of the which we had ioE expected.: The officers of: the o p lack
d-ucation of hii. two -d.aghters. 'queen-was. eeedixgly -obliging andA yell w b
Ve embarked.' iecounts.oie of .d. ,affable; she trade 'in- ery the
thse teachers "at. Philadelpia, quies respecting "eur passage
;lid ,fift,:.een .days, reached Cape and. health; she expres'edhr place s
n 'the'iqrer. Cea ..~ os. hope that we sho6ild'be, perfectly teret th
..ljsndedn:',p uch,..elbltated by happy-as long' as e siouid, re-; eqecte . .
ai~nesis; we 6 rerdt 'dur$- :mai: with .them, ad' she assur-
heipasge. h pi that -she- wuld .be 'fWa0s
*. 1, iv . sent r",ely-,'. .tand.4 40
,oaxthem lo 1" ,padS- t d:R -M and Jiqr nece"^a fttw
s S But .Jet ...th evident sinerity' nvi' ced.' a
t'the i st4'y. ,r "at*h .a'she Ma a'Jidndaa f ?. ..

,t^i$n4w 1 eratguaye polite; an;' appkedp Berepe
ur S*cn akasd a dea -ur h







S Sunday, December 24th, 191 t A I-T S N'. .

S' A I SUN confronting the gentleman. The reptilian subdivisions, are.mi,
h. A ', S U T most likely explanation. came able of -cross-breding, ain
from Dr. Eustache, icthologist with all life past moeba si
GTHE H IAN ISH LrANGUAGE NEWSPAPERB in the'. Department of Zoology require at least droft e o
".Comunity Weryk Published Sunday Morning at Damlen. This explanation has site. sex for m~itiplicti 's
Editor-Publisher BERNARD DIEDERICH. ; to do with etymology, or rather put'fny neighbor at :ase'p
Gerant-Responsable MAUCL LABIEB semantics. The woid 'serpent' chimera of- his propertyy 6
.' ESTABLISHED IN I Habitation Leclerc is in English a generic..term;. by Dux iianbred 7iddagerousi
ESTABLISHED IN 1960 Habitation Lecier broken dawn into'subdivisions, is perits,'.I mht say. thatmt
HAITIAN HRISTMAS TREES Prince 'mammal' is -generic. with man fime was .iimore tha.riKnefi
-HAITIAN CHRISTMAS TRES Decemner 15, 1961 as. one of 4he subdivisions.' (To. axny reptile imported. to
According to botanical specialists the pine-tree which To tle Editor the best of my knowledge these .. (Couu o
grows "in the uplalids of Hispaniola is' a separate spe-" Journal Le Nouvelliste
ies not found In other countries; the botanists can it Port au Prince DG [ .
,inus occidentalis. It is not even found in the neigh- Dear.Sir: . J', L L )
The lengthy declaration writ-
boring islands of .3amnaica or Puerto Rico. -- ten by our good necghraor Mr Al-
It is chel cteried 'by a -hard-wood, but. atthis time bert Mangones, and thn last mi-"
of-: yar its symmetry and density of deep-green, need. nute cancellation of the Pan -
Ies makes it a Christmas Tree par excellence. Which American Festival day at Habi-
brings.us to two divergent feelings: nation Lealerc even though al-
S-4s a Christmas Tree this Pirns occidentalis is of ready announced for some weeks
outstanding merit better than the imported trees of ahead, oblige md. once ymorept
thinner foliage. It is cheaper and so can. bring pleasure bWication ih order to address my-
Sto-many more homes. It brings income to the habit- self to the 'Ifaitian .public -and
afits in the momitains/, he'ideed 'need it. It .is -a small press. If have not don thi -.
but definite factor in a.favorable balance of payments sooner it is because of my ast- @I [
fqr Haiti. onishment- at the measure taken
But the habitats are-iTthless in cutting down tlie by Mr 'Maigones, and particul- Dt D
trees, and denuding hiide cnducive tocostly ero early that -this great appreen- .,...
0ion of the most fertilesoflthe. wealth of the ry. su woulate date. Had there
Jt also inoreades runfMf f- eaifall and thus lessens been the 'dangers : so 'widely
water-"esoprees. -- broadcast' these last days surely
Haitiani' ugricuetr tus tly Mr 'gbnes would have been'n
a iap.jnpti.ng yp 1 i "f... w .veui better to evacuate this proper-
ty, myself -not far' behind.
i, ee for reach hing of any conscientious citizen .to
a p imm ediately ri report these fears
y* r py, a M;.would ye op bu itr' Wall so that th&ir trith (n this-case -
the rdA toritv. untruthl could be estabtied
g r b and the 'eighb orhood duly alert-'
apnoe mpl the ed'aid prb Tcted. This a n"' sil-
Aprl o.W qds to you Junoy de ht liday en te part of Mango-
hike c 7000 -fee, b a e e itt. rt fat -an .important official, visit to' Le-
riso t o Ecalyptus- clera, gives one material for a
l ,i ath ,io t. suprbe iw wa n ith ory m breath, cold -great deal of speculation. ,
cf sp Wintet-ai- h a a ove let are-. I -have 'also been '4eayed by
: i- I 1. .. c I '- 4. ... ," .
taker gh up though other -activities .in connection i
most o. Hthe diu. l' -'.rter othrugh- oth is unfortunate rumor: a
'- o ; dkye --'-tj" wt h . ths.
.a'iea d .. barrt 0Vcg- command visit to the Polide De-
..'. a. w p-l... .l. is -. st apartment, conferences with Min-
m n1lu, few ,f h .-.most of- thle isters,-, explanations to officials
wa terupply from. Port aa Porinesor tes f- r o Bois fro-m Danlien, visits from the

gJi, ~,*i >s en I'h toly ou not least an official vist roicn -,-'
me Prfte de Port au Prince." Th Wo Most Wiik^f.-Nead'N:ews'sng'"
again -Junior), on- Bois' d'A'vril would not only brig The Prefet, by a .at stroke oi "
inPoa 'to the habitatsand to ,the Goveneat, but wisdom, arrived at the solutions a a .
bly ost import .tnserve and augment the of our 'reptilian population aat ... ,.
'-2S upply for Poti 'au Prince. A forest-fpserve on Leclerc. That same day they By ribng to 'IE at t spela tshownblo
S.Bisd'Awt,bri gi water- to: the. people' of-our cap- were transported_ cages and all ... .uneyibng to E the sp..ecial o.-te hoauiow
aresvme, poy ad enjoy-the convenice-oft y

1it61-eity could well be a tremendous monument to some- tojthe Section of Zoology at Da- mopia dUlkvered to your door or post office tbox.; b
one. So folks Good Will l mien, there to be examined byy t4y d enjoy TIME's crisp, clear, accurate- repbrtins g
of a com m ittee capable of .stating wda i i o ,-.iv-i i o rn t events in : P
a g i gi o n c a t e g o ri c a l l y w h -et h e r t h e s e r e p: *.." .
,t." e t iles are in any wayt angerouso t Internatenal A~alr :. Medlolee im
a a. .lwsr Book1

.Science f Theater Mumic
In my, efforts to comprehend t a
the. action of Mr Mangones T 'All this plus citra news of Latin America in the esdition
4 -t "of have naturally .ehausted all reee candid, often courageous reporting of evn n %i
8 ft' possibilities other than directly covered eisew p bere. o a r ,n'
toFill out the eofupn belowZooogha d att Da- ..
subscription dealer, newsagent .or booklieller por send toii
address shown. This offer applies to new subscribers only..

tie ar i rime International, c/o Banque Natlohals de Ba
iRepublique d'HaItl, Part-au.Prlnce l ,
: n m y e c o m p r e h e n d 'A l l t i s e n d m e a i r -sxpt r e d e d T I M E L a t i n A m e ri e a in t -io
S w "for 40 weeks at the special introductory price: G .50, n
veeie .candidm often boij of. """ '"-


I Addrm-e or.. O.x 't
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GavS'!-^


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' H AITI SUN '


I Sailrs Mermaid" Now Considered For Her Appetite, Not Her Form


imailatee, a, heirbivorous In Africa, where Lake Kanrba ,. So, therefore, when a fishery Section, FAO Fisherie
al.who in the dim pant formed in 1958 by damming the research officer In British Gida- Branch, show that ott
|'have looked like .mer- Zambesi river, vill-.be the larg-' ia puBlished'.a shdrt nofe 'in a factors have to. be con
to saillots that. definitely est man-made' lake in the world magazine on his experiments First, manatees, whi
,ep.too long at sea, is .now when it fills its 2,000 square mile with manatees as a means of it the lagoons and-larj
considered not for her ab- area by 1964, an aquatic weed water weed control, th placid rivers, of the Atlantic
::l osure.shi upon.the rocks known as water lettuce or Sal- manatee's steady diet of weeds- southern North Ameri
irher consumption of aqu- vinia auriclata has .already cov- seemed to be a' "free" 'wa .-out America .and Africa,,
is. ered a tenth -of its. surface, of the morass.
ITyear, thousands of do. This mammal, whose human-
Mre .spent. battling weeds Lavender 'Was Lovely ike bosom and rather whale- *
,oe. up lakes and canals The tremendous cost of aqua- like tail may have nurtured the -'" M
i oat6 : annot tpass and tic-weed control can be illustrat- mermaid legend, is- the s bject
r'tfrom lack' of oxygen.: ed bY the case. of the. vateik bla- of soire notes -put-togethef by
reaperss are used in einth. The commercial 'herblicide Biology m Branch of FAO's
can;is. s" that-ir~d o : .t e" "'"gint"t- "" eBiolog'Brach.o FA
a~ls .sothat all st sudcesful against it -cnst fisheries Divyision, in.(answer to i
., egha"50 n .acre apple Ti" ~ -iuests received .'or .m.ore in-
.ataerss 's.'^ has,-spreatdw t. t. ,brmation o& '.siigt .te 'mrna- ,
ite in B' by courtesy tee's natural appetite for weeds
floist tlzout- stein Bra~zl. by courtesy of-as a solution to the costfy.aqua-
rou t the 'Wales: *oe' t h s l ds a solution to 'the costly -aqua- .. "
S- toe. who thought its .pale, a- tic weed control- in fishing wat-
t .weeds ghqlo g' vender .blossoms were lovely and &rs and irrigation caia ,
'blades. "ool. home-a slip.
D, -Downgraded froM siren to ?seaa
c .. -. ow,.. the mianatee'is large, bos-
:;- -.." -- ,'otnj- ,m ni' .a' -. '.- o y m h. paddlelike ' "- . ..
fore feet,, no. hind feet arid a -
S" '"'I'"/ /'/ '4Y q S' [ i broad, ronhded l5ottpm She hlis
'MEN'SMRTS blunt .muzzle, small' routh.
wth' -flehy lips, and lacks exter-
C iARVES nal ears. She' oastis a to,,gh
hide, scattered 'aiir and an ex '
N" DKER I"PS presson .tt onl another.mr.an
A.'... atee. could find attractive.-


-A-
.n'te'.';;.
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s Biology
her major
isidered.
ich inhab-
ger warn
coast of
ca, Sotith
have 'few


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I' .* ,o;n t

.. en te, label
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The notes pkbted ut that .e '.
n;anatee- ill.- happily t any. .
aquatic, .plant. ekcept- those that' ..-. ....
re wpod.-it eVen grazes,-sy ...
fenatically so .thai one it has
:: learnedd an area it perlodjWilly
combs that'.areat .thereafte to.
keep .-the water clea ." '
manamthe like.to chew aw y to- .
gather. In several experiments
ciar id d ot the ishr' re s-
Search o er in .B.riti': G ,lana, : ...
7h feet, long. were capable of
clearng La canal 2 ft wide and a
"A 0 msoni -


However before one rushes
out to deposit' a manatee.a.Ser dtx.a.. al': S d v Ha r .e"d.:
ne.'rby wbed chokednlake-A the
notes c d by Mr llia HOTELS: RESTAURANTS &SS5
W Jni and.:esources 'iilou 1 L"
.. "P. `A!'".t


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CA Very ap e'Ya
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tit- .-".6 .

To All OUr Frnd .:
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sunday biecenher b24ft 1th

natural enemies. B'itfrthyiy-r-
almost defenceless against manW'
Utilized for food, oil and leather.
they are extinct or near extinct-a.
ion in some parts of their na
tural range. .
Once. captured, ihe manatee is
difficult to transplant, for iri
spite of its tough hide and large,
size, it bruises--easily and -hasi
to be handled carefully. Ther"
(Contfnmed on page. 19')-


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* .. '- Sunday, ..eenie z..


e Alliance For Pro gress Miss
of --.,




e.Adv.. ,_ A s Bmdschelder, .Agronom t, R e be p


..in. Cooperatve. .The second ,day- was devoted. -: "
Ssits at e O t the cu ro-socil aspects of
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O f ho t nioo inA t t h e ,D i t n dfftAa g r lu r l t u
Stn : es d, -s, tgeo .Ke C a ntave, fe s in view f -. ratin -
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i-i'' reedngJn-a- and' Hig etaff og ODVAd d uaton ays, struggling gai i s p ae
plqfts C -don s s *' 46 "- e and tU "our. e6mfbefihed: 4Haiti k 4mor
r M b";: "- '--",._...S--ist"i. b a e g espws eth r- ..... - .- .-...., ,-'.-
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unday, December -.-61
*$'i Sunday, December 24th Ji1-61


'iHA 'T I SUN '


Alhe Troub


(Written for Le Nouveliste) -

by Th ofms P." WITIUDNy .
What path will th.'Dominican
Republic, free at last of the Tru- A month ago, for instlmee.
'..jillo family domination after Maj. Gen. Pedro Rafael Ramon
nearly a third of a cehitury, take? Roderiguez Echevarrig was, the
'Will it return to some kind of Commander of the Santiago Air
Military dictatorship at the en"f B the WDominican Air For-
'of its present period of turimo-l Ces. No one outside the co intrS'
-with everything- pretty mrtcn had ever hejrd'of him. No' he
the same as-' before except thle is the. Secretary of State for the
,.nme of e dictator and 'his fa- Armed Forces and the person
npIj?. Will! extremism of the fa. who under, the present con;tiftu
'left emerge frdm civil cont(it tio'n would .succeed to the posi-
to establish a Communist rule sion of President Balaguer if the
on the 'pattern of Cuba? ,Will later:died or resigned. Further-
there, perhaps, be set into oper- more he '-has turned out to be
action a series of' developments the main prop under Pres'dent
_. $.ich wil.Rgive :m6re freedom. to Balaguer and- the leader o.f the
SDominican people and- perhaps drive to break the general strike
in the evd lead to establishment which has gripped the -republic
of'constitutional democracyT On, as .opposition forces '-seek the
ly events ll answer these ques- overthrow of Bhlaguer.- RQderi-
d tions, of course. But much de- guez Echevarria, a' handsome.
pends .-on. the .new personalities youthful,. brown-skinned man .of
brought? to, the ,fore ':b the dev- 37 with an infectious smile, a
elopmentst. of .:Ihe; last:. severall quick ..wit and a-.thinline musta-
Sweeks. etieo ;thes' -persoha e.leaj' io. national prom-
ties whbo. ir tJh-.tbha 'had neon e non'ng of Sunday,
lines e-w*hdeWr. un Nove$e ,whln tbc fate of
not-.so. ve gao the 1ublw in doubt. .Wi'th


i


,,_ .. a^ -. N Nm'. country. He was-',ti M
SNNU eNN WEW Sanfl., e ven
rwa saa inJi. es. It as norc*M Id
-. Gen. Roderiguez Mendez,
S. 'er Commander of the .Bi
-'i a members of the departed Tru- Air Base, was sent 'qu.
ff 5 0f 3lS irno family. He did restore ord- of- the country on ,. d
imsw*Wa a s er--tmporarily and -it W.i the assignment aft er Rod
next threat to public_ ordar that Echevarria became ep
brought him out into the openlannmd forces. oqeg
the two brothers of the assassin- against those .came opposition varria installed his ow
ated Generalissimo Trujillo. Iled- forces which -had idolized. him pedro tigo Vod'ri
for arid Arismendi,' plotting aO only a few days before. On Mcn- varria as commande oi
bloody coup to take over c-ntrol day evening, -November 27th, forces. '- Another brother-
of the country and wipe out all ,there suddenly snowballed a. mo- key post in the Nati0oal
opposition elements, it was Rop venient for-a general strike aim- of the republic. But'thery
deriguez Echevarria and a group ed at forcing the resignation of replt of airforce bffier'
of other high ranking airforce President Joaquin Balaguer. On. bi at the. San Isidro ba'
officers who came. ut Qoenly Tuesday morning, Nov. 28, Gen. Santo .Domingo which'
against, the two and blocked Rpderiguez Echevarria c 'm e down--anft all participaiHn
their plans. Leaflets with the-out with a ringing appeal to the d ti resign their' 'compn
signature of the birforce general Dominican, .people "not fo be Would Roderiguex ";cil
were dropped on the-nation's ca- sheep" and to- return' to work succeed in estiabiisi
pital to tell the-people there that immediately. Nothwithstanding as a new niilitay dicta .
the airforce and important other this appeaJ, and- everything- lVe Dominicna Republip?V.h
sectors, of the arr-ed forces that the general was able to do ed to be hls',ixm.-, .,'
would *&ct to prevent a coup to end the strike, -it pontitnued ;-
against t'e government. For day after'day. One of Roderi- R6deriguez Eche4arr;
somd- days' s a .result Rcderi- guez Echevarria's- moves, during from '-: large. and',dis, ]
guez Echeviatia was, a.-national the strife was -the advancement family from that- e"gi.
hero. President, Balaguer brought of a plan' for -a changed govern-. Dominican Republic' rth
him to Santo. Dbomingo. to head mental regime which' would have ,the" Ciba. He takes
the" armed "for ces on Thursday, 'in effect have put him in vir- iin the fame of :-geis- t
November. 23. It was to him.that tual control of the governmentt. father who lwas a ii.
the President assigned thiq task' :Even' without that he seeitd ,to er of: Dominicans in'ii
Of restoring order inr the troubl- be in control of the government against the Haistiansm.r:
ed capital torn by looting of the of .Balaguer -- but he. could hot part- of he' i19th' cen
homes and enterprise of- the' establish his control -over the -o o n'i

A . .. .


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''HAITI SUN''


Sunday, becember 2ith,,A


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From page 9) the co
r tber, Santiago Rordedi- can ai
lie" he considers to have- been of Rat
n military theoreti- ver or
or click
3 eriguez Echevarria is hilm- portrait
frbtud if being a skilled pi- office
n. hhis capacity as one of Ramfii

: .-. ,- _.. 't .






.,,. ... : .- ."""i:- .


aubled Domi


mmanders of the Domini-
Lr forces he was a' friend
mfis. Trujillo -- though net
ie of. Ramfis' inner circle
que of intimates. Ramfis'
it hung on the wall of his
in Santiago eyin after
s departed from the coun-'


try. Roderiguez Echevarria i
a, man.. witi much political se
appeal-buit' fI-w tee' he.- wit
have much 'chance to apply i
in the Dominican' political situa
tion as it has developed is no
clear. For from having been fo
a few days the darling of thi


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3URRA
es Desalines

TAL -STORE
.s~'- o* -


i "- Prominence in Dom ."i'
as heqd of a rg
mum* UCN- whic&cai4&to6e
ed front of all elements up
i stre to the Trujillo dictatorship iI
s street crowds of Santiago- .nd haspaticu stig
K Santo Domingo he has npw be- UC Dominica par iddle class
Scme their chi dev- und especiay, in iddthe lerass p
t attack as a "reactionary." s peiay. oin the literad 1
sions, among doctors &aid
- -yers and the like. It' acquh..q
r If Roderiguez Echevarria is one its leading position in the f opj
e of the two main protagonists of sition, by playing,the 'most '*a
the Dominican drama at the mo- tive role at nearly evetry po
ment, the othbr is a 66 year old in the struggle to end Trajlt
physician .and philosopher nam- ism frdi July right on dowaj4
ed-Dr. Viriato Fiallo who is th6 the end of November. Fiallo
head "of .the- Natiorial Civic Uni- come the leader'of the UCN It
ion -UCN- which is the chief cause of his. national reputation
organization of --the Dominican and bis' appealing public, persOT
opposition. Fiallo' i$ a big man alty. He"'has a bit; of the tfou
physicallE4 6.feet two .inches of the late. Wendell Wilkie ab
tall .and nearly 200 pounds in him.
weight. His .political activity
goes back a' long ways -to the ,-
period even before the Trujillo' Despite Fiallo obos qu
dictatorship when, he was promi li ies and the prmbabre prohi
nent for attacking the Ameican of. his .character there ia-good
occupation 6o the Dommican Re- deal of .question as to- lirpolit
public which cdme to an end. ical skill, and adiritness. This'
1924: For years uider rujillo leaves setous doubts abodt 1
e .was.n ad out o .ja.-. political -,bture and that 1ofi
he was 1n and out 'of .jail .-In : .
tj, period from'1947Tto 1952,- tor- arty. the .UCN TiaUo
example he .was three times, in iled,, to-denstre ay
prison .including: seven months. clearout and precise se
I soutar c donfihiemelit, -wnder urpose..and tactife iti the .I
:accusation of--attemgts .t rinican political situation -sin
ert the goverrimeft'of .Trujillo the, departure t..the ruJilo
:In 1947 -when, he had. taken re.. He mad -an inept bid for pqwe
:..uge in th.i-Columbian.E ibassy in negotiations wi the. Pesid
eiciceeded i
he was i'*fused -permissiorn-to- ent succeed antag
leave-the ..country. As lorg be- oter opposon leader
. ,. He fied to rta& ai n
fore as 1932 efbe v lo pe-he-
cution ofriao had. beg .
when the later .was fi'red- b -t o e cdi5i wt'
Proie r 'at -he iversity oc oel or the ..opposLtio
Santo 'Dbmingo 'for rest t t i
join the-officia,il l t o po in the atio p s
party. In ,191 'lbe was .dismt i.: .. et' 6the.'giera'strike
i as. iirecto *r, %inadical services nent-snowbdl and ge^ t
for various industrial, conceis control ad then was t
.under-governimenf pressure. Fia-the general strie. He haa-.be
)lo, nevertheless, made himselfunable to ringsit to an
a good living' es doctor., He spite -rpeated appeals. i
.',ivw"owadays as previously. in as. the situationg tq
a modest but. comfortable"'ho:me sees to have4Aitle.conl l
in- the .'heart-of the capital: Fial. te tret-crowdp Santo
-io i- isarried and- two .,i And.ti.suggests, .
---o of them a bsinessiban andi Possibility that if the bitter
4.tthe other 'a, lawyer, He. is.gefr- t... thin- the republic
ra ly consiydetd.. to h ave.m -~~' Lu s... -ef 'there' Ids daf "r
Scons otie" 'political conomi' )eadtship.of the- c"wds
much 'r to-theie:'
iriews and to.desire the esthliq. m t t e s.
ment of a liberal deniocrati o e-x6.-.e e e
,gime in his country. '- -" -
Fiahlo has att ined his presel t (Con tied- on page ,;,4
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. fDu PERRIER .
O.DUPERRIER .L-
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3-o..)+. G 1. ,,_. a. -ad.o ... pr 1om p toa" aim m o m adjum~ed personal .inco~me a s. explaied b"elow,"Though l Q Cub .",Afbeol t !fI
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m~ "i: ..d-e -c.qen. .,,-i-:&a ]Yn, .orie9'.. ie. children, faLther, mother err.. b . ete used-....e a.O esn a, Q e'., .. te. Lollo_-Win:. a."+,.. fent'+-a- .kid"f4:greljt.
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Ie.. i er... .....-"a . .ast of the "aidus incomes"which ,constitute adjiuste' in- -.. o o" ....
T b.reg _tn f.om. paragraph Ic).aboe are reciprc ." .. ,.I
:al.IDeddotions- ofP G'.4 : per" y "a ndpr persog i1'as-provid~ed *. c,.",ome.'The. latter- comjms'es.'Th.e following.,_.. *' ..so ",;.eo.. .'.a, sotsomeo
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V
51

J



'7
:17 of, tax assgsmci kciaj et h s
"kvlt-ti6,it4ested.pr6fessional,a,sociatios, tha bE
Fit
concerns:rnere -ahy)6mpe vet-enterprim
eiiii
:'by-the-Internai: Revenue Office ts
ued
Particular. musVp aice-A owi
-0 S C an
bse( he-gs e pr(
ly, te of e qua ed
AMOUNT QF::T-HE TAX o, serve
to nal., ie-du,,:frorw he'-taxpyer- "comparison., n
The' Internaf c grane
e on, pers6 inc(
co we frbn bondsi -saIaries and Ah Ai t'
f
_p my; d6b t( s,'- 16 th
hments updn''
sse br q n the A ument,
turp basi's, and r al' ue_ba jns0&ct6r., i cQnnection with oc
es, and'.'a-n y- other? 'tic4e 9 0 income ax- the shCetLbas, time gratuiti ent Val shall ch ve been d_
be 3 , i ' I -, -L z' dis6sat and-- pledges'- not to secae I e.proce are
s Came -,,fo
axw
lullthi h di"
per5o)q : 7 .,
_,2.: Stand dOuctiort -:bf -'10. o, th adj ct6
tia on the,,,name Qf the cqm e r:, s6lL d.,
_,inves
ard m e ustedf al
o 'd .... ..
METHODS
0. case,, t
y 14spee or w 0 -r
conW in N (1), nqt, to Li G. '10
ro-; 'evenr.-.th AhO-p e ',''don i't o anyon -Nvi
3.' Substractign of I ptioris In'-the at C d4ates h I be lia e 'to; isiTplii
0;_6 e Wha' sJever
16'(l to G 0 .00" 00_.o
foi at the, be' nin Of the pre artie 'withoa pr-6mTice -to prosecu ons I d
gm sent, Arti'l rpee 13 *bould'.pr o-el b Re 01'
ti hi(
g: C
bedtiction of 10,001 to, G. 60,000,0D,
Offic'
v _-inti6rested parties.
ertaken
4 f ch eed p_ me c exp ries, w MI
da'd in- No. :2 60 mi to'b.
f -sdb twthejacbm
-1011o of. adjusted: -,;Personal- ',20% on G,.A00 oww 't oak
income-;as pres e .... 0 aaytaxp e icle97, -In case'of abi
ayer, t oq excgp
d G_ 001001, to G. 2GOM.W', 25%.-,6nG.,
ayer,
1500 if the't- mil
cou s an- action-
ar ebtor befor
inddase, Jii, 'the High Court 6f,'Ac
this. part not d
-4 bachelor or G. i,00 if imarried;-,, the said' 5W dWff -,30% n',G., ,GQ
the, tax I )roi that the prii--cipal am bunt
xrdical t al
ax, pr6vi
ex ern
er 'h
f and' for
incWTed by tl e, taxpayer.for hiffis -D ar 6btbi te:'6f -the-,supp ement
appropria
heen, prey
US A --o ty
,s being
-s by his per ns; All: lu ive
lieir a
re eke s co ormi Nvi
rniihatidn,, Arti e
6fXuust, 31
G
ons pove _Tce'rate o the tax on V income; relu'rn
come,- -aild-"in t 6,--p overnmen receip
d6cian6ifts.must be tta Arti ej,8onal
"forz
ayer -who, dqes not orwartasis)::as well as 0 commercial nd'diidusbial pmfits.'(rental
nteri*l Reyenu& Difice
y 11 .. i .1 I' 1! ihcoine',uf& those r'notiyiallyobtainable Lhe I
asis,,,an asis, is -as s Wate n
perio ,prec f di-ballance7sheet.
t
1,the he st: Int6rimil Rv6nue e within the- Iare d i Articl piofit,;---incoMb ,r6ceij theiiLtrup-,-.4
law-, of thO-tpresen 'aw w seslo. furnish explanation f eckifi t L I _g tapayerconce mer
cq,
So rptu, or m- -a d o b I ex6rf s, wholesaj&i or retail ants .9
i5o 92 n, case,: of d transfer 6f a:,business; ei er
ano h t I --their,:books 'and state3ii4nti.6f;
to iAqe of from.G.;2 e P ed Iwith er-c ying-dfijhe.s C n ow separa e y,
taken of, capital;-,vorl"'g' ess vohime,.cLibnte e, 4] e, amoun s it An taxp p.aM d NOng ems-
onfil Jes'of the folio
ayer,,subjeet to of -A conideratioh' 'or' g-ratis, the ,esent.-6w-nerref-nain-.,'ioiuti"I
f nsible, \rith the ginal 'taxpaier forpayrncntofariy I
&hartes..aiurnber,'ot. einlbee- th-builaing, oc
cert4i*, activi es*1
prbfits who ails to submit his final return 'vi _i6nt valqe 'of
reTa-"ng u6 7 cupie or o vatioqi,,w lplower,-oDsum ti il SE WOR RENT
e required by the Internal RIe-venue Ofti& 41 but d fromt 6 latter.
ief lad nit"th 'd retqrft: *!thin'. 10 wox
-'Article 9a.-Any fine, prescribc& in .di
,to other legal, penalties, to subrn !e.isal sThe, iqui 6effici&if-shall, bd.,ta c !h in 6 T-onsider
determined in the 'na-me o ille- nt6rprisdj. j3eauwa, miod" 1ho
thc! thet n6ifil71 fio" -44th e, ei nd! n,-,
A. er this .4 is ,of thetax and 7al- or b, th c6llclobr, t, lts,operatio g I o-,
e gelf-will 'be reclorG6nei su-6 -b6t*
elay, the. a a en' at out 'e of flft
ac c-6f il 1) tm
-he internal Rev enue' nWgI Y_ Mothe I e a
din the minimum -and the Yiaximurn
-isevibr
ve, 4, modok di
to,
ilt
4ti and thi's ad ecisi ay'not IsSuance And executio of -a :const 0 a
available- Worm aint 'order rifoi lth
_y usiness;:,,,,,w e Aining
Tooms Hving and
'on nunlis on-m.'
b Revende 6iff
ei, f h an
-.Jun -e
e appe before the in 6; 4 on-'; ilieAntethal
11 1936 on -kitebLen ,W
venue aw-6 a ua -constrdints,"and theDedree-4- A
-Ahe' in 1x'
c6 y
o MP s of, t- d
,n V97 .an ie ex offido' estimate
r taxpaybr in-.*riting, and- paym ut: 31- 19& on, the, prompt 61jection, -of _!egelpts
As s g,ouudsi artd--Iag swim
t "the'
wit out ent
on -con e- axpayer mu
-required tr p
elay -and coll6cti fo Office,,Jo a 01 WAI
h 'h6 led -bill- shd\vjng tlat, theju b4
by all le al 6f" dexcion. g si d rWas,p
sfit
iae, 't
Q:, eLQ b
ay Y-
er s request eco y _P
of.tax ev on' yj 5 ti y u fj
c d Clara to
b eC y a. a p p r op r I'd ey;, of the, oint
-lidple.jo-paymen -o e. ax or supi S or _:,, ean
-of:, The case must--bc, heard' tb `fhe'-susj)-eni6nL adQJ thi
ce year, or--* sit -ta ntact
t ttl )lement, p Us a hie toefter,
cyeases,
us-Te ivedjrq
I ,,Janqary: e, s, W1,
e 55
Tuir
,.qe AfteT the 3 st wl ou
to' G. 2160 hC. Internall Re'venutei in L
posi s for purp* ,of QVI ulg4
6: 5W h I
ye es -acu oncorne
P
NOY,- 60 6- N-T




















































Inlications-
thq,' qx:pa; ,csubgt&,the a VeAjq, en
"d rer -ab It p9e,- act Rigand No
ERNST

th DE), L0 PaIN
In"the-'event t at tne-metnAi as e, PING,
axab1w,-0W maXIi
wapu6i le
effial, cord g. to'Anw4ti
........... -intell t L "BEACH

d k,; xternat-:acfi-
rp6tation -'an Ii -exarr natlonWtl e U 0 AND
7AIOUE JSL
M'arWTY 0 ving Inves -
vities of e N
a I xeal prc)pefty,' X
d' utide 2quisitlons of
a`d e d s, in( rtain OAT U PREITM
G
Pe. yearI
MY IN 0LXDJW
income.
Due accolintl waH,Pe,, Taken,
_g d d

ctm
during t1le Ye, lY
-Tay
nent,7ithbut
ixaacl wry-s-4in
T'- -eCoUrS c uian,.PU.Lkq U WATER b
carin his, _T WRIKT- TO S
U Is.




NENtli PEPFUILs_ LIQU W000'r M 0 C7,*N Y C




H El T015L







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i! = -.. . .. .. .... ... .. .... ..--'... : "- ..1 t... -' : .. ...'a-m .- ..,'.--.. ,, ,: ..' -. .-:.;;. l
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i ( Jf. T -R...B.:- o M INIC. A 'l"" 4 I'"i ll is',"'. '. oi ,o.' ".ap;' & N.tl I fsd jt S= -
i ;] J . " L t ..o".- :.. '. -.'" <, ".::..,. .. .>L '+ . + .::n-: -,F o. l -F. - -.. "i, .. m r. .
-in..ed irom-page,'10 ..,. underground and".itln its i mks cont o.lsl.W i toh.-. the %ddiM ie'tl ..7.u--4i.' ....t....
,'. ; . ... . .. ". 4. ; .. I., .., .- - ,, "-. V ..t.C .
-;' . . . there a... to &fq-u-dUe sh s t o Vi..ti... "FV...l, -, -, -? :. "4; a
.. --.-..... 1.. ;-p .
-~~~~~~ I... "....... ":_. .. .... ' g:-
to the 14tL of June t-.. -.leftist'W ant,- .i-Ambdtaf.. .. .. e c-- '- 4 t- WR ls ,i n e c.xi
,:." ". ,tb,-,-n M4 --`' z a Y'r 1 fi-16 i4 ` q 0,'.:,,:"
'elements in the, Do ncan :poj- Pa'. .o. the answer. "-.1es :-.... ...-
-.htclpcn. hr r oe aps-with Taae:ut-u nus t aq ~& ~&' -'-.
,l... ioreigrners considie.t that points of'parallel between. this is not znant vve a frr ndbis:!.b Wdi4 C& ixksvrro
~/ie. policy of the Ama.ban moveifenf and- that.-bt--taslo "definite-"answer "Re WZ i-thwdld e ".'txf Y..'o j ze p}n'te

!3ai diplomacy is batjrhiki ..t's-..-.T.O =:T. J .yt es' fr o tl*'ue rgz.vpnd-i an a ep:$grl r6U 4JhoIa'Y pm;tbt
iuer. This is incorret..-, -su- iaa eortt y
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'puts gr. ,,I- ., -, .13 -,.-.:-..-e.:.I W.



h;.Vitred b ist -.ort by toajL f t}a t 4rtIhw.U N. :lys-ta...
.I t: ,tP"..i_. ps" -of
hi wfe.-ne o ,I!~~ whit
.:I.. th tate D prm n ~ d r o h: iy ....Ta itesWh w r as-sii.te -i "" m. ei '.- "-.-" ----he. .."%.




-~ 'ck *nlyd like to ee an .va'ez Justtof- ten.tries "tn 1mw.tsiterswh-.r asasiae cow t
...I. .. .. . .. ..r the, a-. I r, ..
ly transition to a new reg- "ate- Castr6 ~in -his sPeakng teck- p~p rtic~, ul arl!y' blo ody an ria m n~ i ~ r i e eto h
--.C,--w iti




inAd probably orighnAlly hop-' Ijques.; T.be P arty as used on i'ime-'' by the TrJil-:' Amohew .p j.-. nt
mt.Baaguer would be able occasion slogans dakn, from .the ice., Whe ....'o .est .t e, e R ... h
n President for -time Communist lexicon- . ... which. : stand?, -'On ,nne f s. 1 ,t betweenthem ow-, 'r, Vse..&,":-.-...
..-., L; --.... -. 6w i4.--.. ---.
E 2 transitionalregime in press anti-American -ataWtudes;.. k'-s-w, --hi sel,. to be.am.-enabjleo.. .e .-........ .......
~iz+Opposition elementsee Ther'e is a ominous and- d i ous :".a. ofl..to -%. --P;' -=..";$-u. ,- ..i :. ":
I -w.r-e.is IdAbi`csmoobfted IP 1 .a4.






,esentd. America~n hopes for indefiniteness of 'the part's--ide- etice."' OnSbt.o~ther be .a-"bvous- --- ..V . iCtA?* .
lq11of a transition reiiime olg~lorientation whc ]eaves 4y ..ia~d.i ;a:b g. ;.. :tu -'" g'.:-A-4- -A. ;--
.'Iw .have gone down the it open to the influence oi-the r it hi tnin" po ,---e fl I ."' .... . .
n.-bu no doubtt-American Communists within its .ranks l .. :;, % ithian et, .h-.oe. '"&V
.. y ; st b n , i ., -,n : -. : :--..3.,_:., V II-_ .. ... .. . :,..!". ,.: .. '- : ':" 'l ."`-.%,







Fiaflo and the UCN cOD- who arem -dearly "iot'ms'i. eains.'Ad h... ay J et' Veits '' .e ,40 .JQ ABRT-H (h P
.. -.. I :-. !- .. ,. .. .......I : iii .- -.. .:.. -n .r ;
,..~~~~~ "-. : ,,e d .. .. ., ." '` -r ...- ,:..... "." '- ",:"j:,-., ,
.:. .. ,- ... It JONL,',E -...t.- .







N l-..- o tn Whether those ine t he .-stre ,-th'. an ..d Yt.1 it'hr e ..t- er-Th an .ryin.g"..b- lead -,i. ...?j -."" ... ":" -u .... .. "," ;
their-I"events.,.This could J. hi, -,liomeIof ..,







.. are wise only time can would_ be-a- istake-to pin a . .. ..... -'- '< *" .. ... -. -- .
-',: -. ..." Coi.ni. nist label-J.mn, 14th- the present situation-diret --to,- ...-...... -N -.: "_ ,. .
.- .. ...- . .. _,- , .< ....L ". ,,- .... ;....








t.-le nt apposition besid yet..hereae are ith it Part- eo the l -eft ;- .-k.,"" ..
6' 1 a ol .. : -" .. e I...-.... ........ -..:









rther are- to other prin- considerable strength .in the par- The thir part of! th.e :oppS" ; ..-:' ,~ -<.
--. .....'. .,:. K . . l's." "k l ,. "?.,., ,. ,ri", ."









L rtes the 14th of J-rie ty .organzation ai& thet que9- -siti. quite a.differen torgan ....CO.-..... .H IT,....-L,'I.."",....4,- .
,=ewent and the. Dominican. tion is whether they can .succeed izatiqi. Thisi -thaijonm~ican "*. .. ''- "-. t-, -,.$.2.
ilfionary Party..*. An.. dominating, the. ,pay .r and. e~s-. R pevolutionay a rtyr bp.ead.ed by "I ":" e "
,,ii o" pi.. .utt", %br










i. 14th of Juiie can be call- tablishing' it asia gi odi hi. -i the well kno wn leader -of the..op ';i-;"'> t-, ,.. e
i A ,: ... . ....;-Y"..."-.- .. ..










Ihe party. of the DuIninican though, nationalist and perhaps I.position n e.il, Dri.".a.. _osh ...." .........
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,$'at-B ala uer w uld b able..c -on slgans';ta">" fr m b,/ I '....-:'',. ,.-.... P .,," 'b e n j "e".". 'I "I"-. " IE.. F
". . ri-.-6jje .-Ami ..... / ..... 4, .., ..D Pke'!:s u .V ,'- -,,,!.j I ,
'n" "'"' a= &t"" ""- ., .. .. .. '.. :.:--& j 4 - e e 1e..& t- ,;. -t .I.
1 t v ,+ : ... .....:. ,, ' ; - -.. ,-.e ;, .. .. , .= :, . I-. .-. s o n i s l o ~ m n ~ 6 .. -.-:. ,-:i
tr nstina r gie.n pr ss...- me icn- attitude..s' ;-.. .4 -... : -- "i. : .I p ." ;
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c e[. . . .. -- O .' + ,, -o h e. J, ,, .:.:, lA? --,I 7 .k .,. I ,--
I.. ..-. Amercanhops fo..jn ernitezi- ,LI.. Y MD+'_ ,.
.~~~~~. . ..:.- .!.--..-.. .. ,. ,r.' +.-, .," ,.0. ,.
7-. .'. .. .. ..h. p r.-... _ 4 :. ,. - ,, -. -M -: .O
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S na ecem HAIT PAGL 15











P. Q' ... ....... .... A A I
,.RE- ..," . R E PORT: .HOPPING CENTER.
N P.. G, x67%9, PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI B
SDo Xmas Shopping At















t 5 ABOUND THE WORLD IMPORTSDE
7M, O.' V.. 6. O. .EP .rawgic U ." .. I

GLL ... L MIRT H
I L YSNABD. BLAVO, iREOLON, VIGN




'T F BEN D ALT AN. ROYAL DOLTON. .
'Io":, 'o-T". " " A VET "BIS O









,'*, '. CO."_. '. ';D',I E ^ JJ(_|.|[ CREAM, Al F ENCH.-.
""A '' "' SANISH LIQX IEUS.
HANSEN' IAL ..,lRA,."
:-p.re. :: '-.A V,,." ROY L C, .. A GEN,










".e.! -j '-i FRA CE. .." HARD AMPA"A" .. .- 'DOUL* :

Q ., .E. B... .._

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alms







''HAITI


M. Bernard DIEDERTCH
Directeur HAIT-SUN Port au Prince
Jeremie 13-11-61.
f'on cher, directeur
' Cormme creole ppur journalists haltiens ce vomi chien qu' pas
Lab paraitre sou la feuille voila que ou trouve ou seul pere nnur-
fdipr pour oun langue que parents rejete. Ce poun ca m' v-Sec
lya ou dernier sonnet que m' ecri. .
r Lan nun lettre d'Espagne oun- correspondent apprendb m'rin que
certain etudiants venezuellen envie connin creole. Si Willy Lamo-
the ac Franck Fouche te interesse m'croue que n'ta' cab ec.! en-
.amble oun grammaire creole-espagnol.
Ce di que toute travails Martiniquals, Triridadiens etc execute-
'deja sou langue la ta cab servi n'-de base.
':"M' trouve que, vie pas vie, foe gain oun centre cultural creule
an Haiti.
Votre. .
EMILE ROUMER


: "TOMBEAU DE LILIA MILLET
1.^- ".
i.tPour saint que n'te oue vive ac charite, la fol,
4tnOus to senti vivant oun Eternel Presence, .
!un Ou lan-mer l'autre pays simule embruns. a l'anse
quand yo di n' quo jamais plus nous pas,p' tende oun
'voix.
&`;Nous pas t' la pour adieu et ni meme au revoi
'Min lan coeur n'attendri voici que sans:poignance.
...leve oun' tristesse mele ac parfum et souvenance
2 'la fin Lilia Millet, fee et shinte a la fois.
.aijnais plus? Ce pour I'autre moune pareil amertume.
l-Mmin qui main qu'ap tisser aube et surplis ecume
'(lan vent Nord cote Ian mer ap fumin ac embruns? .
': Malgre monde avili existence nap poursuive
i..:.mn lan coeur n' na garde com oun sachet parfum
t:.nn souvenir attendri pour saint que" n'te .oue vive.
E ile ROUMLER


[-POETS' CORNER -

NO RIVAL LIKE-THE PAST

, 'Ais thoee who eat a Luscious $ruit, sunbaked,
Full of sweet juice, with zest, until they find
it'l finished, and their appetite unslaked, -
-And so return and eat the pared-off rind;
e, who in Youth, set white and careless teeth
i the Ripe Fruits of Pleasure while they l2t,
t ter, creep back to gnaw the cast-off sheath,
A -And find there is no Rival like the East.
Lawrence' HOPE


EIRE AND ICE .

Some say the world will end in fire,
Some say in ice.
i From.what I've tasted of desire
I hold with those. whb favor-fie.
But if- ft -had to jierish twice.
I think I know enough of hate
To say that for destruction -ice .;
Is also great --
And would suffice. -
Sobert FROST

r. .-
... Monday Night

HOTEL B1 LELE

Shango Night Club ,
I, ti


.(Conti
human be
with its 1


SUN ''


.. .
Snakes Of" Hafti


nued from page 11) rural *population -pushes pi
I to cut the trees of-Cur fores
eings and to whip them settle more fields under ci


tail. The explanation is


this kind of snake usually lives
near its hole where' it breeds
its pets and it. thinks, perhaps,.
its babies are in danger with the
presence of human.
A small -snake, called "sand
snake" (couleuvre sable) can be
found in certain "'andy" areas
of the country; specially near'
the rivers.


Air these, varieties .of snakes
are in disappearance throughout
Haiti since the introduction of
"mangoustes" in the country.:
And also since the growth of
/ !


IP'AGE 16


atidri. "
ailed. .-. - .-.
.DAMBALIAB Dambala Ouedo, sn-k god
S;- and his wife Aida Ouedo4 rain-
Damballah is0'one of the gods bow and water- goddess/ seldom
of the Voodoo. Mythology,' consi-'come- under the peristfei and-
dered as a "bloid".-.His symbol when they are urgently'-'called
is a snake with his coiled- body for a -*eremony; they creep oti
around a stick. The Haitian peas- the ground, imitating asn much
ant ip afraid to kill any snake as possible the movements 'And".
that could be god in his animal the- cries of the snakis" that
appearance; the peasant prefers sometimes make the;-'..crowd-
to abandon his house for a short tremble. Dambala Ouedo and
period .rather than take the risk Aida Ouedo being a divine- cou-
to hurt Damballah, which could ple,- never go apart. Their sym-
cause all imaginable calamities bol,. in general, is. the .'.snake.-
to himself "and his -family. bambala is -identified .to St 'Mo-
During -a- voodoo -'ceremony,. ses.


Sa...
S *- .s
* .. k & .


yes.. you get.






b eansin eu




.A..F E .....

The all coffeeimftanit coffee wi
"Let's have another cup" taste.
It's no asecretAtht.t e-xtra coffee beans make
coffee extra good. 43 choice, deep-roasted
beans go into every flavorfl-cup of today -'
Nescafe. No other cofr&e.'.. no aitter how
it's made'... tastes so fresh, so friendly, so
completely satisfying In today's Nescaf6,
-he accent is on coffee!

Get iECFE todIayi
gn6


.Sunday, DecemberZItI jI 41

When a servant of this ,o..is
"possessed" by the La,. his. est
ures' a like the sfak At etoE
sids; he crawls on thegrfound.
SI n.'spitj.of his white s3bomplek-
eople ion, 40,taik ah has a great deal
ts to of fidels or, servants in tli* black
ultiv- country. .


I










* 41


#dir4 in ea and-steri thinI
', :...- ;i'madlatton-.- ste "" ....- m"

.. .a.. .. ..-.. ...
-thesm u eatmbn st

t i^Btenalizing d tanf roele a
th s._..a~_ rob1e


' So oe-ig~rapge testng -
V t ,rhe it be.ip c
, 6; ictl.ostor ...ats. -. "Canh mea


S; .tir ul ousted of


..W. beiw ti







_d ort, -l"f" ,i w... n




: ..C.-,
% A bu-* ;, "* ..-...-*." .'-." '- *



. ... .. .










-. :3-e'o--,.., -.. ;' .. -4 '':


STATEMENT BY PRESIDENT KENNED
ON DOMINICAN SITUATION -.
*.. " . 7 ;_ i : - ' ; ..- a


,tuonuqea from page 1): range cooperative programs .utn
Into an effective, soundly-'based der the Alliance for Progresis
Sdemocratic..i sy stem-. In this which' can be of direct bene
tWs struggle, they have the assur- to the Dominican People. I eI t
ans ance o&f our sympathetic and pect that. this mission will. iiI
t. jangible- support. I understand rive in the Dominican Repub4.
m* that the Organization of Ameiic- late this month or very. "rIy
,an States is now considering the' in January. -.
Sifhing\of sanctions imposed up-
on- the Dominican, Republce by "I understand that Mr Fei
les collective action. in August 1960 Herrera, President .of the Int
.nid January 1961.. If .the Coun-- Ameridan Development Bank
bil otf the OAS takes such .actl6n will head a high-level missj&io
S-and our representatives are to the Dominican Republic ,
o supporting that step- we will the near future to begin discuaZ;
t resume Diplomatic relations with sions a-d inquire .into, ecpionm.
the Dominican Republic pronipt- and social development projects.
by ly. When this takes place ..the "These actions are intended':-'.
". Depa ment of -Agriculture will to assist the Dominican govern-
au& .,iie .- "rtases imdeg., .the ment and people in developingg:
-Daiumcan. aljocatlon 0. non- a sound economic and social
uWLot.siigar for the first. six structure,. which is indispensable,;'
ints of 19 2. .' to an enduring democratic ponl- .
--. 5 .' - "t'" "' Cal system. : :
In. ~ adii I propMose .
ser i A on the. installation .of'a "The Dominican people anhd.:
'Cominc. of State, a United States their leaders confront a great
Economic Assistance .e mission, and seldom-given opportunity: .
headed by Amb ssado Moscoso the'construction of a democratic
of AID and including Dep As- society on the ruins of a tyrari-
sistant secretary of State Milton ny. It is a noble task, but it .Is'
'Barall to visit the Dbinacan not an easy One. We wis thetm..
tpubl.t .Its-purbse wiff 'be to well, and we assure them of ur "
explore emergency 'requirements desire to assist them in their
:and':'BLpossibilities for longer- efforts." .'





Come and Enjoy
THE SUN,
THE SEA,
S ". -- THE SALT SPRAY-I
S . At The

M, SA NDS


'hum ) from town);' L 4
o m-o; '. eo ,in Portau Prince... 1




,..'-' .s ,- ) '"



o:-. ^'Wl.- a: 'C
A sA










u........... ,.
MN O 'P'". ,..-....
VIIICOS ~ & vpnM

~ ti:z-


* 1







"' HAITI SUN''


at on tr.om "BN MI


O- f ri
pulture Inspeat4


I-


.- *'{ ni f ii f o '& w |",- L".V i ;! np-.- n .- v . .:
'h Artibonite. Valley VegatallieFarn i -

iter of Agriculture, are interested- inthe truls of Administrator,% the Agroziomiist ,
A tur e Roger L.
ar d T i'ade Ctrip -ar to te '. Roger M. Cantave, the Technical
.I* ' nyqvegetables The Visit Director, Mr Charies B. Wiggin
undrtakeb OD- ; The' foUowing personalities ac- and ODVA Chief Advisor, the
ea onk -;.pf r oibn-'cmpanied. Mnistr Thear d: 'Agronomhist Leonard D. Otto, ai "
,SceCuba &.s no longer' Agrononists Richard Lee. Win- delegate froth ICA. '.
ornieState, ou tprs Chief of USOM Agriiltur- -Fird of- all, thl 'Secretary of
'ha itse 1 ake great al. Division;, Polynice- Dorsainvl, Stte-. was escorted to -pitrttions
S age s s whi Chiet ot the.-Agnltural Divi- named Moreau des Isles and Bois -
ed veta&es an sia n ori. oHADO,. .andMrJean Blanc. (former Fatbi. No. ., of *' .
il..!.-1see.s. -Gury at' the. Dniens Audido-Vi-. .he S t an d Frui) where
efmg futu ..e sa Service. At 1Borel(they.were gg plantW of'the "Florida Mv-kar-
p eco -ODyA. reF et", yid are grown on 30 a.,es
m--ofInd and cuimb f.the
A &aesn ley 'ulfi '"ted o o.
o6:aes. A"' P teie if the vi-"
cty i "of jP~ob t Soda c Cres


-ei.ctz%
id^


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/ 1-1r'o~i
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'- = .":L "'"-':" -, .':; '' . _5 t-.=: : 'i .
~~-k.,,:,


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'Lu!; ii
'._ -.;
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Al?
An^


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qp,. ,', &-. B
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:T2j.-.A ~pJECJ.
.~


7al."







Sunday, December 24th;


Sailor' "Mermaid" N
Her. Appetite, I

(Continued from page 6)
mammals must not be turned on
their. backs lest they suffocate
from the weight of a stomach-
full ,of weeds on their, dorsally
situated 'lungs. Nor can they be
held under .water .,too .ong lest
hey drown. Transportation is
.cult mid' expensive.
jttle is known regarding their
reading and rearing in -confined
areas. :Manatees are reported' to
have only one offspring at a
time,, aidd the young are slow .to
reafA maturity. It might take a
,erylVong time to biuld up a
population of manatees large
enough to be .effective.
And a major consideration in
g to establish them in areas
where they cannot, be given comn-
ple.e protection by authorities,
is that the manatee is. good to
7eati"prized -or "food, and. being
0sl0W. .d" be killed. by

I smn upn whether to
Ianaatee or nbot. to manatee,. the
-FA4 note says:
'In. the. state '.of our$ present
Ukntledge -it. appears that man--
sates may be quite useful for
4aqqatc weed. control in certain
orfned areas of British Guia-
, nar e.g., some dordestic water
JsuOiy reservoirs and some can-
reserv.o i


9,61 -


I''HA- ITI


qow Considered For
Not Her Form


als and drainage systems. Whe-
ther or not they would be equally
effective in other areas of the
world--especially areas to which
they are not Indigenous-, or in
very large or "open" water sys-
tems with rapidly growing plant
pdpulations is upknown...
"The amount of economic 'be-
nefit (to fisheries, irrigation,
transport, etc.) must certainly be
weighed against the costs of cap-
ture, transportation and establ-
ishment in a new area. Further-
*more, it must be clearly recog-
nized that the introduction of any
exotic species, bho*ever innocu-
ous it may appear, sometimes
creates problems far greater,
than those which it attempts to
solve or which were contempla-
ted originally."
Meanwhile, if one has a man-
atee under 'observation, the Bio-
logy Branch wvil welcome re-
,ceiRt of supplementk.l data.


FOR SALE' -
I OPEL Camlonette 1958
Sealed bids will. I received
in the Offices 6f TEXACO until
4:30 P.M. Decexbher 27th.
. The vehicle my be &%a at
Mices-of TEXACO, Rue Bonne
E.ol. ". ,
The Company TEXACO reser-
.ves the right to refuse accept-
ance of any and all bids..


1I .PETIOiNLE IT'S





f 1tU00fee altitude ye only minutes s
from the heart cf P(oRT-Au-PfiNdE .

:The most exquisite as?ieWs.oer1ookinS 1i4ity
-.a bay, the plains, e mountain .

*" Deeidious dontinental dusine and superb


k: iPeirsonalibed attention to eQery guest. V

SSvwimming Pool wiTh Lundheon Lounge
and Bar PonoramnpTerode .
Air-donJilloned de-luxe .rooms .


S VEEKLy ENTERTAINMENT PROCiRAM
TUESDAjg :Infomial 'le. 3of el ,.Dandmns,from
7:3o PM tol'midnil- '
S meringue inm rud on and contest
S atl 9:3o dosual dress.No odmis",on ee
,V iEIm Aj: C'emplimentacvy g-together afdi bol i
"-'" Poartj firom 7pm to 8pm. -
FRI A)y : ala Dinner-Donde frtom ?:3oP.m to
1:3o a.m. 6uperSboSo of Io:so
Jio adm'ission fee .
I LL OTHER AJI4HTS: Ccktoil hour from 7 to 9 il
S.._ 4 nie dombo .


SUN''


PAGEMA
*----y


Distinguished Adventist Leaders In


During the week of December
14-21 'two well known cletfgymen
from superior organization of the
Seventh-day Adventist Chur=h
were visiting Haitik \
Pastor M. V. Campbel, vice-
president of the General Confer-
ence- of Seventh-day Adventists
pomes to us from headquarters
Ot the world organization, which
has offices .,in Washington, D.C.
He has occupied many positions
of responsibility both in the Uni-
ted States.\ and Canada. Before
being appointed to his resentnt
position he was president of the
Southern European Division,
which includes the French-speak-
iug countries of Northern Africa.
The second visitor is Pistor.
David H. Baasch, secretary of
the Inter-American Division. This
office represents the territories
of both the Greater and the less-
er Antilles, Mexico, Central Am-
erican, Colombia, 'Venezuela; and
the three GOianas. Previously
Pastor Baasch was ini -chirge. of
the youth activities of this ter-
ritory. Prior to his present ap-
pointment he was head of the
Adventist organization in Mie2d-
co.
' Our guests took part in various
activities during ,their stay in


.-STEPHEN BROS
M. V. HAI MERCHANT
PERSONALLY SUPERVISED
LOADING AND UNLOADING.
SERVE HAITI AND FLORIDA.

forthigh y ailings of -
Miaml-,Port as Prinae-Miami
MIAMI ADDRESS:
STelephone: Highland 51767
S rrankUn 0-728,


Port an Prince. On Saturday Uon. Pastor Eugene eri
morning December 16, religious president of the French West- it
services for the Adventists who dies Mission with offices in FborI
live in the capital were held in de-France, Martinique, with I'h
the Rex Theater. The main Eric Toussaint, his sqcrtaryj'
speaker was Pastor M. V. Camp- We were. happy to extend a cri
bell. dial welcome to these guests ad-1
" Two additional visitors were wished them a very pleasi4'!
with us for the annual committee stay in our country. -'
meeting of the Franco-Haitian S. F. M;

< YOUR HOME AWAY FROM HOME i

Sa lairier


. BU N GALOW S... ;.

FRANCK ED. 'ROY, Manaer '.-

I li the delightful "SOUS-B1OISo n!of-
S comfort and privacy o your own
S with tie best type f Hotel Aenraf t
BARJESTAURANT, SIYMG OO
A A, CTI BF JL'IA'-.A
". "ATT.-CTIVE R 4 ^.'


On
4-i(


- - .- -. w .' ... ..,wr.'r ,w: .4




G A M B-I. I J N. G .. '*- :.::'
OPEN NIGHTLY
O GAMBRL.ING-
: DA- N .I-.NG. TO

JOE- TkOUILLO-'S


MIDNIGHT .,HOj .' -"

Enfranae Charge $1.0 '-"A
SATURDAY, SUNDAY AND HOLIDAYS
S. *.* l '- "


I., N... ;.
- a a ~arS.. a a a a a a a. -.


R A '-.- 1 "--L '.: _. ..
a A -C. .



FARE FOR HA TI
Orie, las' -

4. NEW; YORK iRT-AU-PRINCE (DEPART
EVERY FRIDAY):

,CARGO SHIPS (12 PASSENGERS) $135 -ALL YEAR

COMBO-SHIPS (52 PASSENGERS) FROM $155 ,

*PORT AU PRINCE NEW YORK (DfPART VERY SUNbAY)

LUXURY' SHIPS: SANTA ROSA SANTA PAULA -
300 PASSENGERS FARE FROM $195.00,

'FOR INFORMATION .



SJosephNadal & Co?
S0. .. la.w-.
A .7. .IJU 6,
.0116 sl


I


-I-


.mt -.1


* ...'="


'.*....." ....:-.
.;^ "-lo. :







20. .I H A ITI S U N Sunday, cnherItOU101.

TTER TO EDITOR (Cot'd) ) No imported reptle -has .a.
S, E ever escaped 'from its hous-
-,',. ':'.. --- .. ing or made any effort to do _______l-'. ___ ."' V '_'_.*-.
so;- Iuwe0011znt4
ed trom page 5) borhood, who 'knows, perhaps 3) In all honesty I .would like
-. from the Mangones property it- to say a word for the cust-
ag o the Pet Larods self, and 'when we mentioned, oms. Each hipment. has
pent is a rptile sans that some 'were missing, we also been accompanied iy' offl-
Lbrs,.. dea at par rep- assured .the thatt they .wdou cial documents und has i"a
There are more ",than appear sooner or latter, perhaps' been subjected to complete '-
otovn species, andd'Iqng to be resold to us. Within an apid thorough investigation -IR CAR TRVEL
i .ich we haye had hour they were again with us. before deHvery? Usually to . '
g'L c te 1 ti"ndse', fig, ., ... .us in company with Dr Ray-
Sp.a .l yho4a ;re. non-vene- After this explanation, of lang-. 'mond, our-vetqrinarian, '
nh addition tthis,. the uage uisge Ifeel that I. should,, 4) tpalizing :that the effort
'i a.wu h e a h, rather than titerpret the lengthy, for a zoological garden .e-
iqapable o.t -suffocafing sometimes' ,ulogistic letter of-.. tremely difficult for-private .
,.), tirinfjg shy ,nn"-.g t Mr Maqos -as. a denundig ,pdvidluals, -we Jhave, from ,- .
& pl'6O sm4 efforts -, Time to time asked advice -
-pip. tg e .plana.i f" .rom members of the Gov- A. -.. ., '
Lecier. Nowo, to von- Use of the .word 'serpent' was .ernment farm, and receive. '
tpenanatis "evdently -misleadng, and -apologize' fo hbei. helpal, consideration -'
La e f tr discomfort which I -might and interest; even .modeling '. -
fet, i t e:causedd ife ifroprietor of ome of our- eges _- after.
i ept ae" e property adjoining ours. theirs-
aae;' den algo-:p : led- MWm recalling May ',- ii-n closing offer y '
r', g i.,y lind, I, ajct thataifter this -date thanks. your joupal orpub-,. '
psigti'gn- .we were again ,able to offer our lishing lull- eports.. on this a- t af
b^^':hb i>fr2' hiospitalityb an.d MIme Man- fair with no bias I,.regret- the i
s. n .Ot6 gones' ir est th no hysteria. which.. has-been caused ''' '"
." compel ",I -',or., '"n-ent' d4nges.' My ar.png that ,part of the popila, -'.l
sgones t f id confusions profid. binwhic-h.as, tlaken,'these star-
.....ts 3 -- i. ies o heart,.and .cad -only bope
"4a2L4.14a. aj na.u41'U SOwT L that the fll. report ,from Da-
la tiTfien -viI* W gaflirm whit T .iave.
latere. ; :: "hen r'e S already. state5; ai sgte a g
to1re rern el today. -
00 -d -7 "m. .
^ ^ l 5i4Zc~wre tner pionousf or dangetr Y -ors.SAierey,,- '










,,.,' '. X .. ; '... .r -^.*^.s_ ... .i3
-.v." -v ._., .-., ; -,
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1 .1 3


*1
S. .
-W flri Eitld ood66 tb i1T sure hope so. -I 'saw,. a' little
I ne. those Colgate. bicycles He dove tip.
at ps into .the receiver.'-I you ever
t1 PituIC I company is making here at Choueoune
ee ..they gave red toPAA .for helping with the lighting. John
n stati.. wagon: up close and.'turn
Sfle Field was win townllast .weekend
-wants put'ofi the resturanta bizz:'in
ip thi .g.8. Monday, accompaying
SKop Ir', ,back gt work after a bout
tf *IM d de4twIbtir is 'back h her" feet too' after a feiw'
unds with the samee liug .. lilke the 'lTwist, everybody's doing it.
KurIih--ha&- 'the' businesss' is ilosy blues'. So- have a' lot of
pple. -1hosen swkir "
ther -l.'he sweaters ei'y Alien's plant i turning ,out
ere popular hr gift, .items. -The, Ireraons a(Hampco).
rere s i.o las'ee.:waiti'gf to hear if they were going
s. mnd llolynice. hpd a ':to-6so-happy
.tg^tjlj Wthera. erehanpn -rSorids Jikh ;the AGeorge:


"t- ".-'-o ] t;-t.he, Tropigas.'tank went
^ ot oig re -r. night Wh'11 y can' thesy be
1t Jg -!io.az.beor.wa^ind W.Coies
ntleie's li .ea,4;onqye~tcallgd' yaa
,.odl.t. ae forward with asome e lana-
.- > T t .ti'ix,", ioun? ,-Why d se,,.in, shd. l
& *. ohl;.. Iie:,fd.& 4gk -t i':, im.t;'i.Sepiotbn
-" .-' 'i4 1 t .' ...' a 1' ..j .'



li qiI 4,.t..e tpnep kiixtBoat;..,-;..Bob% Lee
.. .-ffeient .I ,, pt"New 'ear's,
^^^^^^^^;D'whis.'''Sab UaGabway'r btii4N~n4la, &islted;








b an ;' i,, .- yhow^,.-i. e. ete
c.ti d. Cig: ........ 'oi. ..&W n" ic t' For

e. .M k'-iiotsAtind wB f -'* g







b^o r ; Qtie.dh e r ,the hhooidayse too.
.'
9~~o~RC-gP.kI [,'bh T".."a...





^fi ji~'iwent nth MVlL^attyt"b
-t~ral~eb wiiart' whbdiikw~~lsA*v&Vobrht^
i t i W k '.t'h..e tin line opfFrenh n d Ge fip

siz ..4 .....l' d P' .,ni k'

S*fs lus colors [at P.OO'lauhn
A i^thtfrboth~fcd 'destses ,and1 sportswear. (That shop is
4^'|^'ea. nto s a 'yWu kl 'the stock*
cfj.' ;---saain
erg a.% ;" 11 ""'tha Thai '






f e 4 "e i top frtlfre'orrii~fn.i..sesisatl'e
oiles, qr4dow nito1lhie Ka~ju'A fiancee is hbme from Puerto
i iuijd dfa, he'sabe n1t "fromt 'eai'tb' ear. WBicl'i
iezIndi'me,rheM#asiusingl onek'st tha&knsisfor radio* .wifth e&r-
tone the other day Rhdaeveonea who saw him thought it was
tieaaimd.The New York Tim ofDec.3rd carried a travel
|lglfe -,3a#Mt')ilJfexetit.,and'Delightful Haiti"- with Leclerc" given
sjcific mention. By the way, -there's a Reveillon at Habitation
lerc is a feast and champagne cocktails as
ai as Thd~iN'&xertazpnien ti.png from '9 and 'dinner at 10-
n 6 dnet4'et.,tonti l long and Merry Chris m s. I
a.e "astm .inu s..opp g .to do. .
S,. t"' : J' "


., "., oWt 4Ut aohttatonf Licterc
"'TAHITIA LUAU"
'' ": '' D c ber 24,, 196 .
:...,',. ." i-^. tau".,..,.
,.' ,' Champagne Cocktail
..' .. ':D, T a'BF OM 9 o'clock
!.!> .t.;-:, .'n,.; AT. TEN ,,

^ fel*.7ie*:^ perperson. / .
'[ ;,' -,)" : t .; '. : -
.,, ." . .' . k .'+ .. g 1 . +, .


An important quantity of drugs
were presented to Public Health
ieptrtmnent by Slister Margaret
Joan, Director of the Foundation
:for Crippled Children.
.. ,* .' X xX X,
Bill Serment who,.keeps Pan-
Airplanes running.. sd consisten$-
ly, blas been-feeling off'his oatd
lately and is in' Miami 'for a
physical dheck-uip. '' '
,, ', ... x x x ; '-
AR] 5A. INC. which manu
factures high-elass,, but 'high-
,.sla.s,, d.i e s '; apd. children's
shoes for United States 'markets,
,'repe6irty had its a inual meeflhg
i r, Atin. Lseohard Taishier, LwhO
lis dxie.'sd 'much for-thec'ibm-
merce oi Haiti, is' pIreslideit,.oo
the 'company which operates'-na-
,zubeturing plavp, jp both sop'


much of "$vhicho 'comes to HaiW'9
4fl' payrols' circulating then
throughout: :Pdrt 'an Prince 'cord-
xnetc,, 41vays; generating taxes
for te Governient.''Ju le, pii-
oa'n.'t n iheii, most' effective
managerss her,' or any place, 'is
'in gi6k' ofdfHaitia4 operations
company. ; -.






2 2
and'e over. fimlml 6ion teidolerS,,

SAteripcan Ladie s ^
V Ad .oJe .'*o*e to .
dif b d i fthen> i i abie '.
isf~clngc :r;royal;:pupils; Tbey
studied p.* po.esito ad, .drawing; and -'the
eltou *werfetly eat ed" with




dti ,Iur1 ..W- ' *WAL
them were ':from between st eve
and% 1t ul fie tn' the t he







in.g;weus tnlloii^te arr .iage wich
thea ftert' o rflme, princesseo'
dIfereolxuc ita' themrie dalities't
a .ioe s, thost guans.,, ,, ven
Yet; -the progress a both wase
considerable Te and' the queen,
ai&'efJtdbeie, a Mng',d. '".
Tet ^perfecitly satisfied 'with'obur,
.nd "vour a .n -'e*. .A ir,, 9 .. ,
"'We occsionfilem dined riethr ant
queen; o' pur. p"uils also som'-
imes stopped after ,the' jhour d
Sinstrucion r conversation" qrie'
w', 'acc mnp.me& theind 'to'u the
gade... but we fltin" 'a '"gent
measute,' excluded from society.
..o ]f,,we use,.the carriage which
'as. at our service, u we could
ride'* only to a prescribed dist-
ance; and we were perpetually
inoyed by' the guad, i we ven-
tired on a 'ramble, inquiring
who we were, and whether we
were going. The eoiqi.ette of the
court was intolerably irksome...'
We haid come from America
and the confinement, restraint,
and ceremony, we'bad been quite
unaccustomed' t, and could not
suffer... 'We determined tat length
to resign *.our charge,, and to
quit the ,place. But though'eour
stay. was shorter than we orig-
inally intended, we can never "re-
collecb our' residence in Hay.i
but with feelings of deep and
lasting interest. : s
(Re.Jutted from Sketches ,of
Hayti; from the expulsion of
.wther French to the Death of
.^cmt asino^ ^aly irksme..


"A


,iThe; Movadlo sepp ire rystl ft ," a
Its' hadness's sur'pasaie't5': geld lfgureial dt
, only by that'of the diamond. ..' i
You will cherish you'.t : <
Movadp which dffer you' -. '
- precision thrice triumphant r. -
In three Yearsath'p..o.fficlaols .". lnitin ral e amo 'e
Swiss.Ob-etatoir'a .at "' *" 'm'it ga 4-td',.
Neuchttel). gold Igure dI.it
" A : .


"
k * .*
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. * -


MOVA


i :


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.'4r' : i
, . .. . P ,-..-^
*- + ... '* .. --.. -^ : :,*** *- *

In. the line. of Military Assist- On their departure, Capti
ance Progr~m', '.the following, B. Crist of US Naval MIs
members of 'Armed Forces of was 'preeif at lihe Biwen*
"aiti flew .p the' ,SA on.1 Mn- hiey '"iuts. ye mon .
,day Decinber, 18th: Corpdail .Sai Dii X.:i ndleton1-e 4
Jean J~aque* Eiilho n ih..
enlisted 'men F. 'Stanus,. ii gie'
Gilles,. "a '. l 3rmont.J. F. shooting.,and 4.l ld ba p ;
'Jeanty,'M: Mptelus, R. Desilus All the expenses are .te
and M. R. ylvain. .. ge f US. poe: ,m.-. .


./ *;'. r :" "'" ''*- '^ '* -^'^ *. ll lal ; """"
.V
'* .. . ': "t "". * ^ .7 -.-" . [ ".- "* - .;.!- *** .: a













1 A,
taMvina Wllmm
K *HAmfAN. ^NSTIWPJE 'OF" fANCft '
i : i. 1 *' ii . *" ''' <' :'. .".*^ -',. ..,^* i* **" '* ,..-^ .

Akiunduelf Spevdia1 Oou^ bekiniil4'Sa A4f
**.-*."the '.,;.'2 new daiweqraz: Li 'A^
r*'" .. '., *,*, .,.,..,:',.!- .,.. '*,..
"- '" " ... W S "" J' -" '" *'* i ^' "' "'/ .' " ?",7'



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A, #4;, ., .


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.i "" *1 ;^ :. .. ". ": '" *,' *
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: :.,;;* ^ .- .+ ', .." '< ..'.- *^ '."" +:" '" "" .






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M t!Pfl#4fapoe wo C hie% 44'__14
6"f-di.ion'.He- had'11tV- '." '.. :' .'so-b. .m-. -.... .

AN: P "MiOgest" .oi ofi" '" ' V& '"" "
4 -. 4
IT ......i. : T ... . . . , ., . . .-, . . .
*1,nxr q ''-~fbil



e '.n "el -."
54 T WT1'

.oPde -MdiztVV l' bk" d 'so b: .", .." . t"*",e.
l~i~gst "ois ccl~b" -;l ; 0 "J .. .. ... .


4" ; before',.,
AL tL F..






















V_!J-4;A2 -Pine. .008"OA',.
i. h' ~ trnA&rda the 4pappi~' ri~& ,d e,,1ib. ne -:e sksir4 ,,4;
AoA~ asethd fsTut1sf yedne&c





























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n "-WITkkr41'4~ I id








OW.4,
~~1.,~ cu4'eS- ~ pt
a~n~i' I~ (jL2~tZh~sVt ~;~ S'~ trI:~N4RUM_; VI"





,and hi
yer '
i :Ne,
Sarriver .

e sorb -t
tii
.' 'b
k iher- -


hoApenU t:.
MY&dn~jg _


M,: ." -.-yr .'. -,,'.+_'." ,' ,. *," .- ,_. .. aI ... -
. aot,an eonomist from- Canada, .;Ala Samu.ls, a Insur
pic&:.. Brker.frdm E-ar-Rocklay L.-.. ar~ r e Barb -rried
Sii oveibBrt.,25 ar d Tur incot y w, th ChtmintHer-.
et"s eii a.adwile Arid.'e on.;August, 14, they, are. a dn
"guests Tf.. ..rf ..&dl: Egineer -Jacob Wegweis'r o
.ife.-jasytew.uhe.trsdayClarice !Middlemrrk is res-

c,' ,tbt..e ,sian .'.ld..Adfis tioni w as wVseing .wife ,
" d'fal6.Nn.* Jpseph.apL e 'Peter Presl. The trese'!
^ ieaEthe airport 'b'iorlin' w ke i e .
-a.eiPtrven-i. he .d tyi tb t'efludg.officeith .
SMa el, a meni br,.of .he. Natro0al','Associafion. fr:.the(
,. ,adv eet llobured .people (NAAP) is ,the .resident.ipf.. !
4i tUrbai; Legue, .a, snilar- orgatiztion of Rhode Island jose s
-''Mexat d -Ptessel,"'their son,'s< a-iot a.Uniyrst
'Ai.ll". sta, his .Seniqor year-T., a year.. Spe "oing Jour languages'
E, ngish,'t nch, German-'anddRussian,' Joe .will, Agz rate in nt,.
tal :relations: Peter PreSl .is, an lrigineer. .,This harmin'g
. ;:-.Mr.- v.i edeelr his vile .Rftslyn, son Brad 9 arid dauter'Gina
,- .6ad .brothBarry..1'arrived, this Week for a tw week vacation.
-'ciUdir.. the Haitia' Sun' because ,they. like .to .be warm mi ,Dnpcembeig.
,., Mrvav4Tledel 'is the Director Fotmder of the -Fiedel, Scbbol b
."Csa.,,.e in Bayville, L.I., New- York which teaches,.all arts.
rs.oRslyn Fiedl .assists;. her., ,husband in the directing df this-
Sschool. Mr Fiedel wap. a teacheifat .the Teacher College "of Col-
"-"'libia UniVersity.. A composer,' he composes. for dancing, group




" 4
,.i N M." "

MWII.M ..BER :3 AT 8:00 P.M.

'SPECIAL CHRISTMAS DINER k
AND -T1,IOOR SHOW AND DANCE
DECM 'i 31'A'-8:00 P. -.,

MIDNIGHT SUPPER
.. "PETIT 'REVEILLON"P :
SHOW AND DANME
To the lusi of Me "$niti's best Bands.
-"M t .ou ..RVIti.i C. de La Fuente, Manager.
air..


** .- : *<


' IUPER-RIB . ;'' ** ,''

SSpecielement cohtgu pour-doW. r uneiAduiiteJ
aisee .. pour une meilleui.egfaeult4'i ,
station, pour moins d'usutre .. '.allez voir -le
Super-Rib de Goodyear. Et, tousles superbes
pneus tracteurs Goodyear sont-construits Ai
-entoilage 3T "Triple Tempered", une'.extlu-
sivitd de Goodyear!


IL Y A D.ES PIJEUS GOODYtAR POUR CHAQ-UE RO.UE DE LA="


iundziy;.-December 24thi I1Gl H A I T 'S U N 'M
., .,.-,. .. .:

N I 'I"' THIS WEEK i sucAs the mode'r Baliet gro 'p here t:ie gambling room of the week, Mrs. Shirlby -IK
":" : .., yp Nicho4li in,New, .York.' .Casino.. is, very 'exhting. every. iden of fhe Kqbeon
Tribune..d ,was .put the .Con ess nal Record t. e has an At' Gallery in the night. Matt is 'thb most person- .rctorsof t b
,Trbune.apd was put i the Conessional'Rcrd t I chy, ilviB Haitin able Americin I eer' aimet, asaid Yaork an'dm ni
Senator Dennis Chavez from New Mexico. This newsrtan is on painters to exhibit their works a prominent Haitian busiqess- daugHter P a.tbiiatJ
ti* _. 'es-.he 1tt '"gst.. pai there. man. It is fun for everybody to 'her. assistant
mrhis 1is. t eastu vea Press i, The' Fiedels are guests at the watch him play craps and he is Managing Diredtor ot
Oloffso. . .. a God send": for .,everyldy Company and his 'w
M:an,"--i- !t-i" i1. e ad of joie "**MJr Matthew Hess Shulman, .around him bfut 'the Casinp .itself. and:19-yeair-old: .on
" .i.. b. G.ie und; his the Idmous Plastius Tycoon and Matt l as.an 'Ouanga: (a.Vo .4 yearn. 9d daugt..
G.-. . d his distiriguished wife Pearl doo Doll' Ti-Mamman -who gwive their tw lovely dau.i
-t 1,6'. .t .' tf.i W A"x.8 Shi9rley keep meeting the menibers of amn luck). ,'i Maiman a ma; 17 arid Teresa :13-ah af
t tb 's:h ; ie .".vnpm Pat- their party at the airport. Matt hogany statue wgho graced the red eime r
.j.&...",,'ii'ley and and Pearl arrived Thursday last El, Rancho's .Bar is honored Trigonometr .'aft'te'
l.:'. before and are giving. ,headache to ,Co- Eyeryday with white flowers -- Musi ari Arts..i.
S waIn '.ke Ebin4i n South radio Salimbene,. President of the she is.a LVrgin arid:. wear ,bpau- Mrs Sarah Wean
s-as. hai.: smate dliyton .Casino, since then. Matts hobby t l gold" ernnrgs.. .- Mr Jrome "Wean, $ei
^ '.VAc ttit, of is gambling. With the -president Matt ~aid, Pearl dnd their sha-' duction.. for.'Stix Pr o
1 eje'ever, of the 'tix Products, Ihterna- do6w GuiteS van. (Speedy) Saiv- his wife
,are d b rteen the tionl *Manufacturers of plastics villier ,greeted with flowersthis .. i (Cmtined on


dancer. '
iand' his .
'A" .
in .. iruit 4W ~ 'dni :" .__":: : '"'_,"'. ___.-.a a.. ,, : '"; ,..:..a..,..r .


g^








Voyag par..
.... A -RRPRANCI .

SBEDG ET, CARAVEFE.... a ... s':
SmO .... .us. ....a u 4K PLWSGRAND @5K U '".OD.


~Miss Gl e Petit'
tWyil Become
il Louisi Appollon
Satu'day Decemnber 4 th,.
hiring Miss! 'Gisele' Petit.
t-.'. f our busiiess-miapag-
a:d Muf Marc. :Petiti will; ex-
wit Mr,. Louis: Ap-
So M.. f a.id Zs eur

mphip a ceremony will take
Sacre-Ceu de* Twgeau
I h'..:P.5: , ".
ISUN presenfsrJl .oest
the
est~~, ie future ou-
d 6pxt1ds its eepest -cph
on~,to their pibud ,-.p


... T O EP ..


FOR SALE

Vori, sale acres beautiful land located in Northern par of.
HaIiti between Cap laitien and the famous 'CITADELLE" owner
rcs.iding permanentlyv i.i-L-.A desires to'sell to someone interested
'Ii building beautiful reoi-f or interested in farming. Full. rlce
$15.000.00 or best offer Ipr -further niformafion contact Mrs Marie
BELIARD, $ue. Faubert P.) 5 Petionville, Haiti".


ar bt.eginnifg to ,unAdein'une the Dr" Mitciell Silbert a pr in-
Linei reputation 'whiph .Haitian ent optician from Long hIland''"
artf. idhrto. e3joed tbrobad no- and, his lovely pretty wife hi-
thng .'Co.id be ,:more 'ef1etive ley .are currentt guests ieore.
as ,a counteractgi that :. have Ch lie; '-is .their ..happy.- 'Guide .
the international] spotlight f'ocu- Charming' Mrs De 'rah Sn de r
ed. on aflfaitian artist if the a Psychologist.fronPhilade.phia
'quiet integrity and geniii a- i.s spending the .holidays with
jtic Jeeling: QJasin oseph. ir friend Ms ius To ' .
1 '^ :4.. -.*.
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.N..o.-.t-'- ..'t". e.:b- .t'e'r. :a C... .{'2 .4<, i:,.T:
.aj.n r bbwn d .'t .. .. -.n&-.fl.
: .ost Pof tS < '


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tad ce.--. ,j'. n.jFt iV:1-"-',".xb....-,,.r ': .
..owr. ut th.a.. .. .. .ss ... . ... 2$t. ::. ..- -: and b"-
thes6N A ier tr nNe

itanob A ep 4'6ePW a ,'ecSzW ,ber ~~j~

MT 4%i&tat!4 WieF. qgin lbegs&


.- .-t...hr.u, _.b r w ee. h-.,,.,.4 t,..a.::
4. %.. % P f i .' ,"& ::: '-'.. : "'c.i :,. H", 4%y',& at.t.'VI',
.. !. *t r -. *. -"
iAet soo g ov6 t ssb the ver


"_b.J-n-Jacqp 4i.D es ..sab 1.ties ,".::,._,.. .57... ...-.a .. .a t
. .. .. "..,_- ?-u i m '.
,, -.B nq - L ..".-i.ti'or ... -s...
ti DjA


O-MAN
iPUYo.~CAON ThWbrh








S--,' 1 T


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S U N ,


' T "'i "~ ...I "' ";

:.':By'A l EI E JOLICOEUR..: '
u efdick, di foremost dBro aday
B rwill a nrryQecen er. a wi
f OPB.Pa'in cltfdg. the:grearan


k has ad as ,
ar"a.. k,. iba T a" .E ji h





.- A*.69.1


* '0.


2"-. ,-.. .


L Statement "
Bt President t
John F. Ke1nedy

.Pertanings To T heilk

.'-- Lommuican epu lic
e

-note of .the mot' .en.ourtgictg

,n ..l.c.'n..ie, i juo^ '- pb-




,iiieiembebe j!T17ta'ndd has now.
ith^ p-rnapar
iemenfis o6 edemocnbe A o

i n M n 4p reess -
nstratpgn ,of 1I sttesnlph hQ

pi aecnic ixoptien riMid
[xlbmni~a$29^6WrDTift t alt


JIBe
wet de lAg
A''
A *~ I.


Petionlhlle


* *.*** -. 1.
.
- C


A962


: in.*.


W" B: .. ...WS;. .rC ,:
. i, g uses, .for.t0: t..or'p.lod .,,
pen
"^.-:' : ^ *.o 1 '-..; ;':^


'.e ft.ismesses.. such asg

Br,.aetnantrs, Hotelsete
Resemvafons aa Hotels pid
'.. -.. .1m ."
.C.i! :- -T,,,oanhT.9kt4m,&ik -:.


. - t -


,' **i ,!i .' ':,.-i :f :
r -^


STranSlation y-om .r'a W


______ ---- --- ----- --*^ .:
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A machine very close to that culitor, and was ;riot built" to bertrdn" is punished qr reward-'
a i u tan vidich aHIs de ,cobmplete '(apid. calculation d ed. .
bs, leans, p ts from its er; other tasks that a calculator per- When thi n rachiie *'commits
re arid -nts how t, f e- foriifs. It does not work logic- an error, the instructor presses
WIve problems s ~sca.ia g '*an, ally as'"do the, alculators, .but a button, which constitutes. a
s .jut yopdpd 'by the 'Istep-by?-step" with some fdrin- punishment by fording' the mach-'
ayth the'nited ula prepared by ,technicic s. 'ine td reconsider het method
t ., :- ." .. and .to readjust her memory.
ke. man the "Cy rtron .. The '..Cybertr n. 'attacks in- The lristluctor ohly has to .tell.
it is- called--learns by trial .solbier 'pl lemp..Jt epoys her' she has committed an er-
Sideisor.-Iestahll" z:yrapby ortri solbethodppl .atta. k, fuzq yis he o. When the machine teplys
between .new'asituatjps i; db ., s t h corrtc'ly to a problem .st e tJ H
ndexp rr itl, d byvpezfectt apqavr h *Wa. s ccey l suo e Ikes rre lrded .and is permitted to.
tinualy. .' all t'an who ar by ne the o umte
ot.is a ..cal- ooC 4lti ied. esponse, .the ..',, Ie. t
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SKhristophe's

,Among .,the daycasians who royal, apo- the princesses appear ment, here we arok
c me to Christophe's court were ed, dressed. most bhapdpom elegant ,deje -,
t ladies. from-. Philasqlphia.. and with a degree .o. eeleance Sth the : kin'siip.e
They were to, have charge of the which we had ioE expected.: The officers of: the o p lack
d-ucation of hii. two -d.aghters. 'queen-was. eeedixgly -obliging andA yell w b
Ve embarked.' iecounts.oie of .d. ,affable; she trade 'in- ery the
thse teachers "at. Philadelpia, quies respecting "eur passage
;lid ,fift,:.een .days, reached Cape and. health; she expres'edhr place s
n 'the'iqrer. Cea ..~ os. hope that we sho6ild'be, perfectly teret th
..ljsndedn:',p uch,..elbltated by happy-as long' as e siouid, re-; eqecte . .
ai~nesis; we 6 rerdt 'dur$- :mai: with .them, ad' she assur-
heipasge. h pi that -she- wuld .be 'fWa0s
*. 1, iv . sent r",ely-,'. .tand.4 40
,oaxthem lo 1" ,padS- t d:R -M and Jiqr nece"^a fttw
s S But .Jet ...th evident sinerity' nvi' ced.' a
t'the i st4'y. ,r "at*h .a'she Ma a'Jidndaa f ?. ..

,t^i$n4w 1 eratguaye polite; an;' appkedp Berepe
ur S*cn akasd a dea -ur h







S Sunday, December 24th, 191 t A I-T S N'. .

S' A I SUN confronting the gentleman. The reptilian subdivisions, are.mi,
h. A ', S U T most likely explanation. came able of -cross-breding, ain
from Dr. Eustache, icthologist with all life past moeba si
GTHE H IAN ISH LrANGUAGE NEWSPAPERB in the'. Department of Zoology require at least droft e o
".Comunity Weryk Published Sunday Morning at Damlen. This explanation has site. sex for m~itiplicti 's
Editor-Publisher BERNARD DIEDERICH. ; to do with etymology, or rather put'fny neighbor at :ase'p
Gerant-Responsable MAUCL LABIEB semantics. The woid 'serpent' chimera of- his propertyy 6
.' ESTABLISHED IN I Habitation Leclerc is in English a generic..term;. by Dux iianbred 7iddagerousi
ESTABLISHED IN 1960 Habitation Lecier broken dawn into'subdivisions, is perits,'.I mht say. thatmt
HAITIAN HRISTMAS TREES Prince 'mammal' is -generic. with man fime was .iimore tha.riKnefi
-HAITIAN CHRISTMAS TRES Decemner 15, 1961 as. one of 4he subdivisions.' (To. axny reptile imported. to
According to botanical specialists the pine-tree which To tle Editor the best of my knowledge these .. (Couu o
grows "in the uplalids of Hispaniola is' a separate spe-" Journal Le Nouvelliste
ies not found In other countries; the botanists can it Port au Prince DG [ .
,inus occidentalis. It is not even found in the neigh- Dear.Sir: . J', L L )
The lengthy declaration writ-
boring islands of .3amnaica or Puerto Rico. -- ten by our good necghraor Mr Al-
It is chel cteried 'by a -hard-wood, but. atthis time bert Mangones, and thn last mi-"
of-: yar its symmetry and density of deep-green, need. nute cancellation of the Pan -
Ies makes it a Christmas Tree par excellence. Which American Festival day at Habi-
brings.us to two divergent feelings: nation Lealerc even though al-
S-4s a Christmas Tree this Pirns occidentalis is of ready announced for some weeks
outstanding merit better than the imported trees of ahead, oblige md. once ymorept
thinner foliage. It is cheaper and so can. bring pleasure bWication ih order to address my-
Sto-many more homes. It brings income to the habit- self to the 'Ifaitian .public -and
afits in the momitains/, he'ideed 'need it. It .is -a small press. If have not don thi -.
but definite factor in a.favorable balance of payments sooner it is because of my ast- @I [
fqr Haiti. onishment- at the measure taken
But the habitats are-iTthless in cutting down tlie by Mr 'Maigones, and particul- Dt D
trees, and denuding hiide cnducive tocostly ero early that -this great appreen- .,...
0ion of the most fertilesoflthe. wealth of the ry. su woulate date. Had there
Jt also inoreades runfMf f- eaifall and thus lessens been the 'dangers : so 'widely
water-"esoprees. -- broadcast' these last days surely
Haitiani' ugricuetr tus tly Mr 'gbnes would have been'n
a iap.jnpti.ng yp 1 i "f... w .veui better to evacuate this proper-
ty, myself -not far' behind.
i, ee for reach hing of any conscientious citizen .to
a p imm ediately ri report these fears
y* r py, a M;.would ye op bu itr' Wall so that th&ir trith (n this-case -
the rdA toritv. untruthl could be estabtied
g r b and the 'eighb orhood duly alert-'
apnoe mpl the ed'aid prb Tcted. This a n"' sil-
Aprl o.W qds to you Junoy de ht liday en te part of Mango-
hike c 7000 -fee, b a e e itt. rt fat -an .important official, visit to' Le-
riso t o Ecalyptus- clera, gives one material for a
l ,i ath ,io t. suprbe iw wa n ith ory m breath, cold -great deal of speculation. ,
cf sp Wintet-ai- h a a ove let are-. I -have 'also been '4eayed by
: i- I 1. .. c I '- 4. ... ," .
taker gh up though other -activities .in connection i
most o. Hthe diu. l' -'.rter othrugh- oth is unfortunate rumor: a
'- o ; dkye --'-tj" wt h . ths.
.a'iea d .. barrt 0Vcg- command visit to the Polide De-
..'. a. w p-l... .l. is -. st apartment, conferences with Min-
m n1lu, few ,f h .-.most of- thle isters,-, explanations to officials
wa terupply from. Port aa Porinesor tes f- r o Bois fro-m Danlien, visits from the

gJi, ~,*i >s en I'h toly ou not least an official vist roicn -,-'
me Prfte de Port au Prince." Th Wo Most Wiik^f.-Nead'N:ews'sng'"
again -Junior), on- Bois' d'A'vril would not only brig The Prefet, by a .at stroke oi "
inPoa 'to the habitatsand to ,the Goveneat, but wisdom, arrived at the solutions a a .
bly ost import .tnserve and augment the of our 'reptilian population aat ... ,.
'-2S upply for Poti 'au Prince. A forest-fpserve on Leclerc. That same day they By ribng to 'IE at t spela tshownblo
S.Bisd'Awt,bri gi water- to: the. people' of-our cap- were transported_ cages and all ... .uneyibng to E the sp..ecial o.-te hoauiow
aresvme, poy ad enjoy-the convenice-oft y

1it61-eity could well be a tremendous monument to some- tojthe Section of Zoology at Da- mopia dUlkvered to your door or post office tbox.; b
one. So folks Good Will l mien, there to be examined byy t4y d enjoy TIME's crisp, clear, accurate- repbrtins g
of a com m ittee capable of .stating wda i i o ,-.iv-i i o rn t events in : P
a g i gi o n c a t e g o ri c a l l y w h -et h e r t h e s e r e p: *.." .
,t." e t iles are in any wayt angerouso t Internatenal A~alr :. Medlolee im
a a. .lwsr Book1

.Science f Theater Mumic
In my, efforts to comprehend t a
the. action of Mr Mangones T 'All this plus citra news of Latin America in the esdition
4 -t "of have naturally .ehausted all reee candid, often courageous reporting of evn n %i
8 ft' possibilities other than directly covered eisew p bere. o a r ,n'
toFill out the eofupn belowZooogha d att Da- ..
subscription dealer, newsagent .or booklieller por send toii
address shown. This offer applies to new subscribers only..

tie ar i rime International, c/o Banque Natlohals de Ba
iRepublique d'HaItl, Part-au.Prlnce l ,
: n m y e c o m p r e h e n d 'A l l t i s e n d m e a i r -sxpt r e d e d T I M E L a t i n A m e ri e a in t -io
S w "for 40 weeks at the special introductory price: G .50, n
veeie .candidm often boij of. """ '"-


I Addrm-e or.. O.x 't
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' H AITI SUN '


I Sailrs Mermaid" Now Considered For Her Appetite, Not Her Form


imailatee, a, heirbivorous In Africa, where Lake Kanrba ,. So, therefore, when a fishery Section, FAO Fisherie
al.who in the dim pant formed in 1958 by damming the research officer In British Gida- Branch, show that ott
|'have looked like .mer- Zambesi river, vill-.be the larg-' ia puBlished'.a shdrt nofe 'in a factors have to. be con
to saillots that. definitely est man-made' lake in the world magazine on his experiments First, manatees, whi
,ep.too long at sea, is .now when it fills its 2,000 square mile with manatees as a means of it the lagoons and-larj
considered not for her ab- area by 1964, an aquatic weed water weed control, th placid rivers, of the Atlantic
::l osure.shi upon.the rocks known as water lettuce or Sal- manatee's steady diet of weeds- southern North Ameri
irher consumption of aqu- vinia auriclata has .already cov- seemed to be a' "free" 'wa .-out America .and Africa,,
is. ered a tenth -of its. surface, of the morass.
ITyear, thousands of do. This mammal, whose human-
Mre .spent. battling weeds Lavender 'Was Lovely ike bosom and rather whale- *
,oe. up lakes and canals The tremendous cost of aqua- like tail may have nurtured the -'" M
i oat6 : annot tpass and tic-weed control can be illustrat- mermaid legend, is- the s bject
r'tfrom lack' of oxygen.: ed bY the case. of the. vateik bla- of soire notes -put-togethef by
reaperss are used in einth. The commercial 'herblicide Biology m Branch of FAO's
can;is. s" that-ir~d o : .t e" "'"gint"t- "" eBiolog'Brach.o FA
a~ls .sothat all st sudcesful against it -cnst fisheries Divyision, in.(answer to i
., egha"50 n .acre apple Ti" ~ -iuests received .'or .m.ore in-
.ataerss 's.'^ has,-spreatdw t. t. ,brmation o& '.siigt .te 'mrna- ,
ite in B' by courtesy tee's natural appetite for weeds
floist tlzout- stein Bra~zl. by courtesy of-as a solution to the costfy.aqua-
rou t the 'Wales: *oe' t h s l ds a solution to 'the costly -aqua- .. "
S- toe. who thought its .pale, a- tic weed control- in fishing wat-
t .weeds ghqlo g' vender .blossoms were lovely and &rs and irrigation caia ,
'blades. "ool. home-a slip.
D, -Downgraded froM siren to ?seaa
c .. -. ow,.. the mianatee'is large, bos-
:;- -.." -- ,'otnj- ,m ni' .a' -. '.- o y m h. paddlelike ' "- . ..
fore feet,, no. hind feet arid a -
S" '"'I'"/ /'/ '4Y q S' [ i broad, ronhded l5ottpm She hlis
'MEN'SMRTS blunt .muzzle, small' routh.
wth' -flehy lips, and lacks exter-
C iARVES nal ears. She' oastis a to,,gh
hide, scattered 'aiir and an ex '
N" DKER I"PS presson .tt onl another.mr.an
A.'... atee. could find attractive.-


-A-
.n'te'.';;.
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her major
isidered.
ich inhab-
ger warn
coast of
ca, Sotith
have 'few


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The notes pkbted ut that .e '.
n;anatee- ill.- happily t any. .
aquatic, .plant. ekcept- those that' ..-. ....
re wpod.-it eVen grazes,-sy ...
fenatically so .thai one it has
:: learnedd an area it perlodjWilly
combs that'.areat .thereafte to.
keep .-the water clea ." '
manamthe like.to chew aw y to- .
gather. In several experiments
ciar id d ot the ishr' re s-
Search o er in .B.riti': G ,lana, : ...
7h feet, long. were capable of
clearng La canal 2 ft wide and a
"A 0 msoni -


However before one rushes
out to deposit' a manatee.a.Ser dtx.a.. al': S d v Ha r .e"d.:
ne.'rby wbed chokednlake-A the
notes c d by Mr llia HOTELS: RESTAURANTS &SS5
W Jni and.:esources 'iilou 1 L"
.. "P. `A!'".t


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CA Very ap e'Ya
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tit- .-".6 .

To All OUr Frnd .:
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sunday biecenher b24ft 1th

natural enemies. B'itfrthyiy-r-
almost defenceless against manW'
Utilized for food, oil and leather.
they are extinct or near extinct-a.
ion in some parts of their na
tural range. .
Once. captured, ihe manatee is
difficult to transplant, for iri
spite of its tough hide and large,
size, it bruises--easily and -hasi
to be handled carefully. Ther"
(Contfnmed on page. 19')-


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e Alliance For Pro gress Miss
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e.Adv.. ,_ A s Bmdschelder, .Agronom t, R e be p


..in. Cooperatve. .The second ,day- was devoted. -: "
Ssits at e O t the cu ro-socil aspects of
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O f ho t nioo inA t t h e ,D i t n dfftAa g r lu r l t u
Stn : es d, -s, tgeo .Ke C a ntave, fe s in view f -. ratin -
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i-i'' reedngJn-a- and' Hig etaff og ODVAd d uaton ays, struggling gai i s p ae
plqfts C -don s s *' 46 "- e and tU "our. e6mfbefihed: 4Haiti k 4mor
r M b";: "- '--",._...S--ist"i. b a e g espws eth r- ..... - .- .-...., ,-'.-
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unday, December -.-61
*$'i Sunday, December 24th Ji1-61


'iHA 'T I SUN '


Alhe Troub


(Written for Le Nouveliste) -

by Th ofms P." WITIUDNy .
What path will th.'Dominican
Republic, free at last of the Tru- A month ago, for instlmee.
'..jillo family domination after Maj. Gen. Pedro Rafael Ramon
nearly a third of a cehitury, take? Roderiguez Echevarrig was, the
'Will it return to some kind of Commander of the Santiago Air
Military dictatorship at the en"f B the WDominican Air For-
'of its present period of turimo-l Ces. No one outside the co intrS'
-with everything- pretty mrtcn had ever hejrd'of him. No' he
the same as-' before except thle is the. Secretary of State for the
,.nme of e dictator and 'his fa- Armed Forces and the person
npIj?. Will! extremism of the fa. who under, the present con;tiftu
'left emerge frdm civil cont(it tio'n would .succeed to the posi-
to establish a Communist rule sion of President Balaguer if the
on the 'pattern of Cuba? ,Will later:died or resigned. Further-
there, perhaps, be set into oper- more he '-has turned out to be
action a series of' developments the main prop under Pres'dent
_. $.ich wil.Rgive :m6re freedom. to Balaguer and- the leader o.f the
SDominican people and- perhaps drive to break the general strike
in the evd lead to establishment which has gripped the -republic
of'constitutional democracyT On, as .opposition forces '-seek the
ly events ll answer these ques- overthrow of Bhlaguer.- RQderi-
d tions, of course. But much de- guez Echevarria, a' handsome.
pends .-on. the .new personalities youthful,. brown-skinned man .of
brought? to, the ,fore ':b the dev- 37 with an infectious smile, a
elopmentst. of .:Ihe; last:. severall quick ..wit and a-.thinline musta-
Sweeks. etieo ;thes' -persoha e.leaj' io. national prom-
ties whbo. ir tJh-.tbha 'had neon e non'ng of Sunday,
lines e-w*hdeWr. un Nove$e ,whln tbc fate of
not-.so. ve gao the 1ublw in doubt. .Wi'th


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,,_ .. a^ -. N Nm'. country. He was-',ti M
SNNU eNN WEW Sanfl., e ven
rwa saa inJi. es. It as norc*M Id
-. Gen. Roderiguez Mendez,
S. 'er Commander of the .Bi
-'i a members of the departed Tru- Air Base, was sent 'qu.
ff 5 0f 3lS irno family. He did restore ord- of- the country on ,. d
imsw*Wa a s er--tmporarily and -it W.i the assignment aft er Rod
next threat to public_ ordar that Echevarria became ep
brought him out into the openlannmd forces. oqeg
the two brothers of the assassin- against those .came opposition varria installed his ow
ated Generalissimo Trujillo. Iled- forces which -had idolized. him pedro tigo Vod'ri
for arid Arismendi,' plotting aO only a few days before. On Mcn- varria as commande oi
bloody coup to take over c-ntrol day evening, -November 27th, forces. '- Another brother-
of the country and wipe out all ,there suddenly snowballed a. mo- key post in the Nati0oal
opposition elements, it was Rop venient for-a general strike aim- of the republic. But'thery
deriguez Echevarria and a group ed at forcing the resignation of replt of airforce bffier'
of other high ranking airforce President Joaquin Balaguer. On. bi at the. San Isidro ba'
officers who came. ut Qoenly Tuesday morning, Nov. 28, Gen. Santo .Domingo which'
against, the two and blocked Rpderiguez Echevarria c 'm e down--anft all participaiHn
their plans. Leaflets with the-out with a ringing appeal to the d ti resign their' 'compn
signature of the birforce general Dominican, .people "not fo be Would Roderiguex ";cil
were dropped on the-nation's ca- sheep" and to- return' to work succeed in estiabiisi
pital to tell the-people there that immediately. Nothwithstanding as a new niilitay dicta .
the airforce and important other this appeaJ, and- everything- lVe Dominicna Republip?V.h
sectors, of the arr-ed forces that the general was able to do ed to be hls',ixm.-, .,'
would *&ct to prevent a coup to end the strike, -it pontitnued ;-
against t'e government. For day after'day. One of Roderi- R6deriguez Eche4arr;
somd- days' s a .result Rcderi- guez Echevarria's- moves, during from '-: large. and',dis, ]
guez Echeviatia was, a.-national the strife was -the advancement family from that- e"gi.
hero. President, Balaguer brought of a plan' for -a changed govern-. Dominican Republic' rth
him to Santo. Dbomingo. to head mental regime which' would have ,the" Ciba. He takes
the" armed "for ces on Thursday, 'in effect have put him in vir- iin the fame of :-geis- t
November. 23. It was to him.that tual control of the governmentt. father who lwas a ii.
the President assigned thiq task' :Even' without that he seeitd ,to er of: Dominicans in'ii
Of restoring order inr the troubl- be in control of the government against the Haistiansm.r:
ed capital torn by looting of the of .Balaguer -- but he. could hot part- of he' i19th' cen
homes and enterprise of- the' establish his control -over the -o o n'i

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''HAITI SUN''


Sunday, becember 2ith,,A


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From page 9) the co
r tber, Santiago Rordedi- can ai
lie" he considers to have- been of Rat
n military theoreti- ver or
or click
3 eriguez Echevarria is hilm- portrait
frbtud if being a skilled pi- office
n. hhis capacity as one of Ramfii

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aubled Domi


mmanders of the Domini-
Lr forces he was a' friend
mfis. Trujillo -- though net
ie of. Ramfis' inner circle
que of intimates. Ramfis'
it hung on the wall of his
in Santiago eyin after
s departed from the coun-'


try. Roderiguez Echevarria i
a, man.. witi much political se
appeal-buit' fI-w tee' he.- wit
have much 'chance to apply i
in the Dominican' political situa
tion as it has developed is no
clear. For from having been fo
a few days the darling of thi


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3URRA
es Desalines

TAL -STORE
.s~'- o* -


i "- Prominence in Dom ."i'
as heqd of a rg
mum* UCN- whic&cai4&to6e
ed front of all elements up
i stre to the Trujillo dictatorship iI
s street crowds of Santiago- .nd haspaticu stig
K Santo Domingo he has npw be- UC Dominica par iddle class
Scme their chi dev- und especiay, in iddthe lerass p
t attack as a "reactionary." s peiay. oin the literad 1
sions, among doctors &aid
- -yers and the like. It' acquh..q
r If Roderiguez Echevarria is one its leading position in the f opj
e of the two main protagonists of sition, by playing,the 'most '*a
the Dominican drama at the mo- tive role at nearly evetry po
ment, the othbr is a 66 year old in the struggle to end Trajlt
physician .and philosopher nam- ism frdi July right on dowaj4
ed-Dr. Viriato Fiallo who is th6 the end of November. Fiallo
head "of .the- Natiorial Civic Uni- come the leader'of the UCN It
ion -UCN- which is the chief cause of his. national reputation
organization of --the Dominican and bis' appealing public, persOT
opposition. Fiallo' i$ a big man alty. He"'has a bit; of the tfou
physicallE4 6.feet two .inches of the late. Wendell Wilkie ab
tall .and nearly 200 pounds in him.
weight. His .political activity
goes back a' long ways -to the ,-
period even before the Trujillo' Despite Fiallo obos qu
dictatorship when, he was promi li ies and the prmbabre prohi
nent for attacking the Ameican of. his .character there ia-good
occupation 6o the Dommican Re- deal of .question as to- lirpolit
public which cdme to an end. ical skill, and adiritness. This'
1924: For years uider rujillo leaves setous doubts abodt 1
e .was.n ad out o .ja.-. political -,bture and that 1ofi
he was 1n and out 'of .jail .-In : .
tj, period from'1947Tto 1952,- tor- arty. the .UCN TiaUo
example he .was three times, in iled,, to-denstre ay
prison .including: seven months. clearout and precise se
I soutar c donfihiemelit, -wnder urpose..and tactife iti the .I
:accusation of--attemgts .t rinican political situation -sin
ert the goverrimeft'of .Trujillo the, departure t..the ruJilo
:In 1947 -when, he had. taken re.. He mad -an inept bid for pqwe
:..uge in th.i-Columbian.E ibassy in negotiations wi the. Pesid
eiciceeded i
he was i'*fused -permissiorn-to- ent succeed antag
leave-the ..country. As lorg be- oter opposon leader
. ,. He fied to rta& ai n
fore as 1932 efbe v lo pe-he-
cution ofriao had. beg .
when the later .was fi'red- b -t o e cdi5i wt'
Proie r 'at -he iversity oc oel or the ..opposLtio
Santo 'Dbmingo 'for rest t t i
join the-officia,il l t o po in the atio p s
party. In ,191 'lbe was .dismt i.: .. et' 6the.'giera'strike
i as. iirecto *r, %inadical services nent-snowbdl and ge^ t
for various industrial, conceis control ad then was t
.under-governimenf pressure. Fia-the general strie. He haa-.be
)lo, nevertheless, made himselfunable to ringsit to an
a good living' es doctor., He spite -rpeated appeals. i
.',ivw"owadays as previously. in as. the situationg tq
a modest but. comfortable"'ho:me sees to have4Aitle.conl l
in- the .'heart-of the capital: Fial. te tret-crowdp Santo
-io i- isarried and- two .,i And.ti.suggests, .
---o of them a bsinessiban andi Possibility that if the bitter
4.tthe other 'a, lawyer, He. is.gefr- t... thin- the republic
ra ly consiydetd.. to h ave.m -~~' Lu s... -ef 'there' Ids daf "r
Scons otie" 'political conomi' )eadtship.of the- c"wds
much 'r to-theie:'
iriews and to.desire the esthliq. m t t e s.
ment of a liberal deniocrati o e-x6.-.e e e
,gime in his country. '- -" -
Fiahlo has att ined his presel t (Con tied- on page ,;,4
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O.DUPERRIER .L-
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