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L-- %UNITED STATES DEPAPRTiTiiT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECO 1OMvIICS
r Q(A i WASHII.GTON, U. C. Release-
S ": ... / 12:00 (Noon)
TNovember 13, 1934.
CATTLE FEEDING SITUATION NOVEIvBER 1, 1934
Shipments of stocker and feeder cattle from stockyard markets into the
eleven Corn Belt States dropped off sharply in October and the small movement in
this month was in sharp contrast to the relatively large movement in the preceding
3 months. In all other years of the 16 for which records are available shipments
in October were much larger than in September but this year they were about the
same as in September, but were nearly 35 percent smaller than in October 1933 and
the smallest for October in 16 years.
The total for the 4 months, July to October, this year was the seconA
smallest in 16 years, as a result of the small shipments in October. The total of
about 940,000 head, was about 8 percent larger than the record small shipments in
1933 but was 6 percent below the 5-year (1929-33) average for these months.
Compared with September and the 3 months, July to September, shipments into
the 5 Corn Belt States east of the Mississippi River decreased relatively more than
shipments into the States west of the River. The total into the Eastern Corn Belt
for the 4 months was relatively large compared with last year and with the 5-year
average and was the largest proportion of the total Corn Belt shipments on record.
Shipments into the 6 western Corn Belt States, on the other hand, were the small-
est for the 4 months on record. All of the reduction in these States was in the
shipments into Missouri and the States w,.;st of the Missouri River since the ship-
ments into Iowa and Minnesota were relatively large with the total into Iowa the
largest since 1926. Although total shipments into the States most seriously
affected by the drought are much the sall'cat of any year in the 16 years of record,
they seem rather large in view of the greatly reduced feed supplies in those
States. 11hile it is probable that a much larger than usual proportion of the
cattle shipped into these drought States will be wintered on roughage the number
that will be grain finished will be large relative to feed grain production and
As was the case in the preceding 3 months the cattle shipped into the Corn
Belt in October included a relatively large proportion of light weight steers and
calves. For the 4 leading markets for which records are available total shipr.ients
in October were 69 percent as large as in October 1933, but the number of steers
over 1,000 pounds was only about 20 percent as large and of 900 to 1,000 pounds
only 35 percent as large as in October last year.
Reports from the western States indicate that the number of cattle fed in
those States this winter will be considerably smaller than a year earlier, the
reductions being especially large in areas where tire suarbeet crop this "ear was
small. Finishing of cattle at cottonseed mills in Tez-as and Oklahoma is expected
to be on a much reduced scale this winter from last.
UNIVERSiTY OF FLORIDA
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